SITRANS Probe LU
Instruction Manual December 2004
sitrans
PROBE LU
Safety Guidelines: Warning notices must be observed to ensure personal safety as well as that of
others, and to protect the product and the connected equipment. These warning notices are
accompanied by a clarification of the level of caution to be observed.
Qualified Personnel: This device/system may only be set up and operated in conjunction with this
manual. Qualified personnel are only authorized to install and operate this equipment in accordance with
established safety practices and standards.
Unit Repair and Excluded Liability:
•
•
•
•
The user is responsible for all changes and repairs made to the device by the user or the user’s
agent.
All new components are to be provided by Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Restrict repair to faulty components only.
Do not reuse faulty components.
Warning: This product can only function properly and safely if it is correctly transported, stored,
installed, set up, operated, and maintained.
Note: Always use product in accordance with specifications.
Copyright Siemens Milltronics Process
Instruments Inc. 2004. All Rights Reserved
This document is available in bound version and in
electronic version. We encourage users to purchase
authorized bound manuals, or to view electronic versions
as designed and authored by Siemens Milltronics Process
Instruments Inc. Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments
Inc. will not be responsible for the contents of partial or
whole reproductions of either bound or electronic
versions.
Disclaimer of Liability
While we have verified the contents of this
manual for agreement with the
instrumentation described, variations
remain possible. Thus we cannot
guarantee full agreement. The contents of
this manual are regularly reviewed and
corrections are included in subsequent
editions. We welcome all suggestions for
improvement.
Technical data subject to change.
MILLTRONICS®is a registered trademark of Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Contact SMPI Technical Publications at the following address:
Technical Publications
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
1954 Technology Drive, P.O. Box 4225
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, K9J 7B1
Email: techpubs.smpi@siemens.com
•
•
For a selection of Siemens Milltronics level measurement manuals, go to:
www. siemens.com/processautomation. Under Process Instrumentation, select Level
Measurement and then go to the manual archive listed under the product family.
For a selection of Siemens Milltronics weighing manuals, go to:
www. siemens.com/processautomation. Under Weighing Technology, select Continuous
Weighing Systems and then go to the manual archive listed under the product family.
© Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. 2004
Table of Contents
Applications ..................................................................................................................................4
Level, volume or flow ................................................................................................................. 4
SITRANS Probe LU System Implementation ........................................................................5
Programming ................................................................................................................................5
SITRANS Probe LU Approvals and Certificates ..................................................................5
Specifications ....................................................................................................................6
SITRANS Probe LU ............................................................................................................................... 6
Power............................................................................................................................................. 6
Performance................................................................................................................................. 6
Interface ........................................................................................................................................ 7
Programmer (infrared keypad) ................................................................................................ 7
Mechanical................................................................................................................................... 7
Environmental .............................................................................................................................. 8
Process.......................................................................................................................................... 8
Approvals (verify against device nameplate)....................................................................... 8
Installation ..........................................................................................................................9
Mounting Instructions .......................................................................................................................10
SITRANS Probe LU Dimensions ............................................................................................11
Flange Adaptor (optional) ........................................................................................................11
Wiring ................................................................................................................................12
Power ...........................................................................................................................................12
Connecting the SITRANS Probe LU .....................................................................................12
Operating the SITRANS Probe LU ................................................................................14
RUN Mode ............................................................................................................................................14
Display ......................................................................................................................................... 14
PROGRAM Mode ................................................................................................................................15
Programming ..............................................................................................................................15
Display ......................................................................................................................................... 15
Low temperature effects on RUN/PROGRAM modes ......................................................16
Security ........................................................................................................................................17
Starting PROGRAM mode .......................................................................................................17
Hand programmer .....................................................................................................................17
Activating SITRANS Probe LU .........................................................................................................17
Accessing a parameter ...........................................................................................................18
Changing a Parameter Value .................................................................................................18
Master Reset (P999) .................................................................................................................19
Using Units or Percent (%) .....................................................................................................19
i
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SITRANS Probe LU (Ultrasonic) ......................................................................................4
Table of Contents
Safety Notes ...........................................................................................................................................1
Safety marking symbols ............................................................................................................1
The Manual ............................................................................................................................................1
Application Examples .................................................................................................................2
Abbreviations and Identifications ...........................................................................................2
Table of Conttents
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Setup Steps (outline) ..........................................................................................................................19
Setup Instructions .....................................................................................................................20
Additional Settings .............................................................................................................................25
Parameter Reference ....................................................................................................26
Helpful Hints ............................................................................................................................... 26
To access a parameter and change a value (primary index): ....................................... 26
To access a secondary index and change a value: ......................................................... 27
Quick Start (P001 to P010) ................................................................................................................. 28
Volume (or Flow) P050 to P055 ........................................................................................................ 31
Lock (P069)............................................................................................................................................ 39
Failsafe (P070 to P073) ....................................................................................................................... 39
mA Output (P201 to P215).................................................................................................................. 40
Installation Records (P300 to P346) ................................................................................................ 43
Range Calibration (P650 to P654) .................................................................................................... 45
Temperature Compensation (P660 to P664) ................................................................................. 48
Rate (P700 and P701).......................................................................................................................... 49
Measurement Verification (P709 to P713)..................................................................................... 50
P752 HART address ............................................................................................................................ 52
Communications (P799) ..................................................................................................................... 53
Echo Processing (P800 to P825) ...................................................................................................... 53
Algorithm (P820) .................................................................................................................................. 56
TVT (Time Varying Threshold) Adjustment Parameters (P830 to P839) ................................ 57
Diagnostic Tests (P900 to P924) ...................................................................................................... 60
Measurement ...................................................................................................................................... 61
Appendix A .......................................................................................................................65
Alphabetical Parameter List .............................................................................................................65
Appendix B .......................................................................................................................68
Programming Chart ............................................................................................................................68
Appendix C .......................................................................................................................71
HART Communications for the SITRANS Probe LU ...................................................................71
HART Device Description (DD) ..............................................................................................71
SIMATIC Process Device Manager (PDM): .......................................................................71
HART Communicator 275: .......................................................................................................72
Supported HART Commands:................................................................................................. 76
Burst mode ................................................................................................................................. 77
Multidrop Configuration........................................................................................................... 77
Appendix D: Troubleshooting .......................................................................................78
Communication Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................78
Generally: ....................................................................................................................................78
Specifically: .................................................................................................................................78
General Fault Codes ...........................................................................................................................79
Operation Troubleshooting ...............................................................................................................81
Maintenance ....................................................................................................................81
Unit Repair and Excluded Liability ..................................................................................................81
ii
Appendix E: Technical References ..............................................................................82
Wiring Details ......................................................................................................................................86
Intrinsically Safe Model ...........................................................................................................86
FM/CSA ........................................................................................................................................87
EU Equivalency .......................................................................................................................... 87
Loop Voltage versus Loop Resistance .................................................................................88
IS Safety Barrier Selection .....................................................................................................88
How to select a passive barrier for SITRANS Probe LU ................................................. 88
PLC Input Modules.................................................................................................................... 89
Passive Shunt Diode Barriers ............................................................................................... 89
Active barriers (repeating barriers)...................................................................................... 89
Product Nameplate ............................................................................................................................90
Intrinsically safe connection drawing (FM) ..................................................................................91
FM Class 1, Div. 2 connection drawing ........................................................................................92
Intrinsically safe connection drawing (CSA) ................................................................................93
Instructions specific to hazardous area installations ................................................................94
(Reference European ATEX Directive 94/9/EC, ..................................................................94
Annex II, 1/0/6) ...........................................................................................................................94
Glossary ............................................................................................................................97
Index ................................................................................................................................101
iii
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Appendix F: Hazardous area installations ..................................................................86
Table of Contents
Principles of operation ......................................................................................................................82
Blanking Distance ...............................................................................................................................82
TVT (Time Varying Threshold) curves ............................................................................................82
Auto False-Echo Suppression ................................................................................................82
Open Channel Monitoring (OCM) ...................................................................................................84
Failsafe ..................................................................................................................................................85
Chemical compatibility .......................................................................................................................85
iv
Table of Conttents
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Safety Notes1
Special attention must be paid to warnings and notes highlighted from the rest of the text
by grey boxes.
Safety marking symbols
In manual:
On product:
Description
(Label on product: yellow background.) Caution: refer to
accompanying documents (manual) for details.
The Manual
Notes:
• Please follow the installation and operating procedures for a quick, trouble-free
installation and to ensure the maximum accuracy and reliability of your
SITRANS Probe LU.
• This manual applies to the SITRANS Probe LU only.
This manual will help you set up your SITRANS Probe LU for optimum performance. We
always welcome suggestions and comments about manual content, design, and
accessibility. Please direct your comments to techpubs.smpi@siemens.com.
For other Siemens Milltronics level measurement manuals, go to:
http://pia.khe.siemens.com/index.asp?Nr=2181 and look under Level Measurement.
1.
This warning symbol is used when there is no corresponding caution symbol on the
product.
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SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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manual.
SITRANS Probe LU
WARNING: relates to a caution symbol on the product, and means
that failure to observe the necessary precautions can result in death,
serious injury, and/or considerable material damage.
WARNING1: means that failure to observe the necessary
precautions can result in death, serious injury, and/or considerable
material damage
CAUTION: means that failure to observe the necessary precautions can
result in considerable material damage
Note: means important information about the product or that part of the operating
Application Examples
The application examples used in this manual illustrate typical installations using
SITRANS Probe LU. Because there is often a range of ways to approach an application,
other configurations may also apply.
In all examples, substitute your own application details. If the examples do not apply to
your application, check the applicable parameter reference for the available options.
SITRANS Probe LU
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If you require more information, please contact your Siemens Milltronics representative. For a
complete list of Siemens Milltronics representatives, please go to:
www.siemens.com/processautomation.
Abbreviations and Identifications
Short
form
Long Form
Description
CE / FM /
CSA
Conformitè Europèene /
Factory Mutual / Canadian
Standards Association
safety approval
Ci
Internal capacitance
D/A
Digital to analog
ETFE
Ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene
HART
Highway Addressable
Remote Transducer
Ii
Input current
mA
Io
Output current
mA
IS
Intrinsically Safe
Li
Internal inductance
LRV
Lower Range Value
value for process empty level 4 mA1
LSL
Lower Sensor Limit
below which no PV is
anticipated
µs
microsecond
10-6
PBT
Polybutylene Terephthalate
PED
Pressure Equipment
Directive
PVDF
Polyvinylidene fluoride
Page 2
Units
safety approval
mH
Second
safety approval
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Short
form
Long Form
ppm
parts per million
PV
Primary Variable
SELV
Safety extra low voltage
SV
Secondary Variable
equivalent value
TVT
Time Varying Threshold
sensitivity threshold
Ui
Input voltage
V
Uo
Output voltage
V
URV
Upper Range Value
value for process full level
USL
Upper Sensor Limit
above which no PV is
anticipated
Units
measured value
20 mA1
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100% is most commonly set to 20 mA, and 0% to 4 mA: however, the settings
can be reversed.
SITRANS Probe LU
1.
Description
SITRANS Probe LU (Ultrasonic)
WARNING: Changes or modifications not expressly approved by
Siemens Milltronics could void the user’s authority to operate the
equipment.
Note: SITRANS Probe LU is to be used only in the manner outlined in this manual,
SITRANS Probe LU
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otherwise protection provided by the equipment may be impaired.
SITRANS Probe LU is a loop-powered continuous level monitor, using advanced
ultrasonic techniques. The unit consists of an electronic component coupled to the
transducer and process connection.
The transducer is available in ETFE (ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene) or PVDF
(polyvinylidene fluoride), allowing SITRANS Probe LU to be used in a wide variety of
industries and applications using corrosive chemicals.
The ultrasonic transducer contains a temperature sensing element to compensate for
temperature changes in the application.
Applications
Level, volume or flow
SITRANS Probe LU is designed to measure levels of liquids in a variety of applications:
•
•
•
•
•
Page 4
storage type vessels
simple process vessels with some surface agitation
liquids
slurries
open channels
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Volume
By using the volume parameters (P050 to P055) you can obtain the measurement as
volume instead of level.
Flow
If you have an open channel system (a Parshall flume, v-notch weir or other open channel
device), you can obtain flow values instead of level. By using the universal linear function
of parameter P051, and entering values for Head and Flow in the breakpoint parameters
P054 and 055, you can use SITRANS Probe LU to convert head levels into flow rates.
SITRANS Probe LU System Implementation
active PLC
power supply1
hand programmer
SITRANS
Probe LU
R2 = 250 Ω
HART modem
HART
communicator
Programming
SITRANS Probe LU carries out its level measurement function according to the set of
built-in parameters. Parameter changes can be made via the hand programmer, via a PC
using SIMATIC PDM, or via a HART Handheld Communicator.
SITRANS Probe LU Approvals and Certificates
Note: Please see Approvals on page 8 for an approvals listing.
1.
Depending on the system design, the power supply may be separate from the PLC, or
integral to it.
2. A 250 Ohm resistor may be required if the loop resistance is less than 250 Ohms.
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Typical PLC/mA configuration with HART
SITRANS Probe LU
SITRANS Probe LU supports the HART communications protocol and SIMATIC PDM
software.1 2
Specifications
Note:
• Siemens Milltronics makes every attempt to ensure the accuracy of these
specifications but reserves the right to change them at any time.
• Please check the ambient and operating temperatures under Environmental on page
8, and Process on page 8; also check Approvals (verify against device nameplate) on
page 8, for the specific configuration you are about to use or install.
SITRANS Probe LU
Power
Nominal 24 V DC at
max. 550 Ohm.
For other configurations, see the chart Loop Voltage
versus Loop Resistance on page 88.
• Maximum 30 V DC
• 4 to 20 mA
Specifications
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Performance1
• frequency
• measurement range2
• blanking distance2
• accuracy3
•
•
•
•
•
•
repeatability
resolution
update time at 4mA
beam angle
temperature compensation
memory
54 KHz
6 m (20 ft) model: 0.25 m to 6 m (10" to 20 ft) liquid
12 m (40 ft) model: 0.25 m to 12 m (10" to 40 ft) liquid
0.25 m (0.82 ft)
the greater of 6 mm (0.25") or 0.15% of span (including
hysteresis and repeatability)
≤ 3 mm (0.12")
≤ 3 mm (0.12")
≤5s
10o at –3 dB boundary
built in to compensate over temperature range
non-volatile EEPROM,
no battery required
1.
Reference conditions.
2.
Reference point for measurement is the transducer face.
3.
Measured according to terminal based non-linearity method of IEC 60770-1.
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Interface
• HART
• configuration
standard, integral to analog output
Siemens SIMATIC PDM (PC), or HART handheld
communicator, or Siemens Milltronics infrared hand
programmer
4–20 mA ± 0.02 mA accuracy
multi-segment alphanumeric liquid crystal with Bar
graph (representing level)
• analog output
• display (local)
Programmer (infrared keypad)
Siemens Milltronics Infrared IS (Intrinsically Safe) Hand Programmer: for all locations,
including hazardous.
•
•
•
•
•
•
approval
ambient temperature
interface
power
weight
color
ATEX II 1 G, EEx ia IIC T4, SIRA 01ATEX2147
−20 to 40° C (−5 to 104° F)
proprietary infrared pulse signal
3V lithium battery (non-replaceable)
150 g (0.3 lb)
black
Mechanical
Transducer (2 options)
• ETFE (ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene), or
• PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride)
Enclosure
• body construction
• lid construction
• conduit entry
• ingress protection
PBT (polybutylene terephthalate)
hard-coated PEI (polyether imide)
2 x M20 cable gland, or 2 x 1/2" NPT thread
Type 4X / NEMA 4X, Type 6 / NEMA 6, IP67, IP68 (see
note below)
Notes:
• Please check the ambient and operating temperatures under Environmental on page
8, and Process on page 8; also check Approvals (verify against device nameplate) on
page 8, for the specific configuration you are about to use or install.
• The use of approved watertight conduit hubs/glands is required for Type 4X /
NEMA 4X, Type 6 / NEMA 6, IP67, IP68 (outdoor application).
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2” NPT, BSP, or G/PF
3" (80 mm) universal flange
FMS 200 mounting bracket, or customer-supplied
mount
Specifications
Process Connections
• threaded connection
• flange connections
• other connections
Weight
Standard model
2.1 kg (4.6 lb.)
Environmental
•
•
•
•
location
altitude
ambient temperature
relative humidity
• installation category
• pollution degree
• pressure rating
indoor/outdoor
5000 m (16,404 ft) max.
−40 to 80° C (−40 to 176° F)
suitable for outdoor
(Type 4X / NEMA 4X, Type 6 / NEMA 6, IP67, IP68
enclosure)
I
4
0.5 bar g (7.25 psi g)
Process
• temperature
(at flange or threads)
• pressure (vessel)
−40 to 85° C (−40 to 185° F)
0.5 bar g (7.25 psi g)
• General
Specifications
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Approvals (verify against device nameplate)
CSAUS/C, FM, CE
• Hazardous
Europe:
ATEX II 1 G, EEx ia IIC T4
US:
FM: Intrinsically Safe (barrier required)
Class I, Div. 1, Groups A, B, C, D
Class II, Div. 1, Groups E, F, G
Class III
FM: Non-incendive (no barrier required)
Class I, Div. 2, Groups A,B, C, D, T5
Canada:
CSA: Intrinsically Safe (barrier required)
Class I, Div. 1, Groups A, B, C, D
Class II, Div. 1, Groups E, F, G
Class III
Notes:
• Please check the ambient and operating temperatures under Environmental, and
Process (above), as well as Approvals, for the specific configuration you are about to
use or install.
• The use of approved watertight conduit hubs/glands is required for Type 4X /
NEMA 4X, Type 6 / NEMA 6, IP67, IP68 (outdoor application).
Page 8
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Installation
WARNING: This product can only function properly and safely if it is
correctly transported, stored, installed, set up, operated and
maintained.
Notes:
•
•
•
Installation shall only be performed by qualified personnel and in accordance with
local governing regulations.
This product is susceptible to electrostatic shock. Follow proper grounding
procedures.
Ideally, mount SITRANS Probe LU so that the face of the transducer is at least 300
mm (1 ft) above the highest anticipated level.
Mounting Location
Recommendations:
•
•
•
•
Ambient temperature within –40 to 80 oC (–40 to 176 oF).
Easy access for viewing the display and programming via the hand programmer.
An environment suitable to the housing rating and materials of construction.
Keep the sound path perpendicular to the material surface.
.
ambient temperature
surrounding enclosure
–40 to 80 oC (–40 to 176 oF)
flange adaptor (option)
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process temperature
–40 to 85 oC (–40 to 185oF)
Installation
customer-supplied
flange
Precautions:
•
Avoid proximity to high voltage or current wiring, high voltage or current contacts,
and to variable frequency motor speed controllers.
Avoid interference to the sound path from obstructions or from the fill path
•
Fill
The sound path should be:
• perpendicular to the
monitored surface
• clear of rough walls,
seams, rungs, or
other obstructions.
• clear of the fill path
pipe
rungs
seams
10°
Mounting Instructions
Note:
•
Ideally, mount SITRANS Probe LU so that the face of the transducer is at least 300
mm (1 ft) above the highest anticipated level.
SITRANS Probe LU is available in three thread types: 2" NPT, 2" BSP, or PF2/G.
1.
Installation
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2.
Before inserting SITRANS Probe LU into its mounting connection, ensure that the
threads are of the same type to avoid damaging them.
Simply screw SITRANS Probe LU into the process connection and hand tighten.
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SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU Dimensions
.
139.7 mm
(5.50")
130.1 mm
(5.12")
hinged lid
198.9 mm
(7.83")
electronics
mounting
thread
transducer
51.1 mm (2.01")
54.0 mm (2.13")
Flange Adaptor (optional)
SITRANS Probe LU can be fitted with the optional 3" (80 mm) flange adaptor for mating to
3" ANSI, DIN 65PN10 and JIS 10K3B flanges.
SITRANS Probe LU
"A"
Optional flange
adaptor
VIEW "A"-"A"
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Installation
"A"
Wiring
Power1
WARNINGS:
DC terminals shall be supplied from an SELV1 source in
accordance with IEC-1010-1 Annex H.
All field wiring must have insulation suitable for rated voltages.
Connecting the SITRANS Probe LU
Notes:
•
•
•
•
•
Use shielded, twisted pair cable (wire gauge AWG 22 to AWG 14/ 0.34 mm2 to
2.08 mm2).
Separate cables and conduits may be required to conform to standard
instrumentation wiring practices, or electrical codes.
The non-metallic enclosure does not provide a continuous ground path between
conduit connections: use grounding-type bushings and jumpers.
For Intrinsically Safe setups, see page 86 for detailed information.
For a Class 1, Div. 2 (FM) configuration, see the connection drawing on page 92.
cover screws
terminals for loop
current
cable
watertight
gland
threaded
connection
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Wirng
1.
1.
2.
Page 12
Strip the cable jacket for approximately 70 mm (2.75") from the end of the cable, and
thread the wires through the gland2.
Safety Extra Low Voltage
If cable is routed through conduit, use only approved suitable-size hubs for
waterproof applications.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
2.
Connect the wires to the terminals as shown below: the polarity is identified on the
terminal block.
3.
4.
Tighten the gland to form a good seal.
Close the cover and tighten screws: please do not overtighten screws.
Recommended torque is 1.1 to 1.7 N-m (10 to 15 in-lb).
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Wiring
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Operation
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Operating the SITRANS Probe LU
SITRANS Probe LU has two modes of operation: RUN and PROGRAM.
RUN Mode
SITRANS Probe LU automatically starts in RUN mode when power is applied, and detects
the material level. The primary reading displays the material level (in meters) referenced
from Empty (process empty level). This is the default start-up display mode.
System status is displayed on the LCD, or on a remote communications terminal.
Display
Normal operation
2
Fail-safe operation
3
3
1
1
4
4
6
m
5
6
m
5
1 – Primary Reading (displays level, distance, or volume (or flow1), in either units or
percent)
2 – Secondary Reading (displays Parameter number for Auxiliary Reading2)
3 – Echo status indicator: Reliable Echo
or Unreliable Echo
4 – Units or Percent
5 – Active bar graph represents material level
6 – Auxiliary Reading (depending on the parameter selected, it displays milliAmp value,
distance or confidence, with units where applicable)
If the echo confidence drops below the echo confidence threshold3, the failsafe timer
starts running. When the timer expires, the letters LOE alternate with the reading every
two seconds, and the Reliable Echo indicator is replaced by the Unreliable Echo indicator.
When a valid reading is received, the level reading display returns to normal operation.
1.
See P050 Vessel (or Channel) Shape on page 32, for details on displaying flow instead of
volume.
2.
Press
3.
See P804 Confidence Threshold on page 54 for more detail.
Page 14
to display the auxiliary reading field when in RUN mode.
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7ML19985HT01
Hand Programmer: function keys in RUN mode
Certain functions can be accessed directly from RUN mode by using specific keys.
Run Mode
mA output value displayed in auxiliary reading field
Internal enclosure temperature displayed in auxiliary reading field (P343).
Parameter for auxiliary readings1
Displays the value representing Echo Confidence (P805).
Toggle between Units and % on reading display
Initiate and complete PROGRAM mode access
Measurement key displays distance in auxiliary reading field.
1.
Press
plus three-digit parameter number, sets parameter to show in the auxiliary display.
PROGRAM Mode
Programming
Note: See Accessing a parameter, on page 18, for detailed instructions.
•
•
Set parameters to suit your specific application.
Activate PROGRAM mode at any time, to change parameter values and set
operating conditions.
For local programming, use the Siemens Milltronics hand programmer.
For programming from a distance, use either a PC running SIMATIC PDM, or a HART
handheld communicator.
•
•
Display
3
2
1
1 – Primary Reading (displays parameter value)
2 – Secondary Reading (displays parameter
number)
3 – Programming indicator
4
7ML19985HT01
4 – Auxiliary Reading (displays parameter names
for parameters P001 to P010, if a language is
selected. It displays the index value for indexed
parameters, such as P054.)
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Operation
Key
Hand Programmer: function keys in PROGRAM mode
to
Operation
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Key
Programming Mode
Values
Decimal point
Negative value
CLEAR value
TOGGLE between Units and % on parameter value
End PROGRAM session and enable RUN mode
Update echo quality parameters
Parameter scroll-up
Parameter scroll-down
DISPLAY opens parameter fields
ENTER the displayed value
Low temperature effects on RUN/PROGRAM modes
If the internal temperature falls to –30 oC (–22 oF) or below, it will affect both RUN and
PROGRAM modes.
RUN mode will operate normally, with the following exceptions:
•
•
hand programmer operation is disabled
the LCD displays only limited information: the bar graph and the reliable/
unreliable echo indicator
PROGRAM mode:
•
Page 16
hand programmer operation is disabled
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Security
• A remote master can still change configuration, if P799 is set to allow this.
Starting PROGRAM mode
The hand programmer gives you direct access to SITRANS Probe LU.
Hand programmer
Note: For detailed instructions on using the hand programmer, see the next page.
For direct access to SITRANS Probe LU, point the hand programmer at the display from a
maximum distance of 600 mm (2 ft), and press the keys.
hand-held programmer
display
Numeric and
Auxiliary keys
600 mm
(2 ft)
Function
Keys
Activating SITRANS Probe LU
Note: Keep infrared devices such as laptops, cell phones, and PDAs, away from
SITRANS Probe LU to prevent inadvertent operation.
Power up the instrument. SITRANS Probe LU starts in RUN mode, and detects the
material level, displayed in meters, referenced from Empty (process empty level).
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SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 17
mmmmm
Note:
Operation
The Lock parameter, P000, secures SITRANS Probe LU against changes via the hand
programmer. To enable programming, set P000 to the Unlocked Value stored in P069. To
disable programming, enter a different value.
Accessing a parameter
• The following instructions apply when using the Hand Programmer.
• Do not use the Hand Programmer at the same time as SIMATIC PDM, or erratic
operation may result.
• You do not need to key in initial zeros when entering a parameter number: for
example, for P005, key in 5.
Operation
mmmmm
Note:
1.
Press PROGRAM
then DISPLAY
activate PROGRAM mode.
to
PROGRAM Icon
Parameter Number
Parameter Value
2.
3.
4.
Either use the ARROW keys
to scroll to
a different parameter, or
to open the Parameter
Press DISPLAY
Number field.
Key in the desired parameter number followed by
ENTER
.
current value
.
For example: press
The LCD displays the new parameter number and
value.
Changing a Parameter Value
Notes:
• Security must be disabled to enable programming: set P000 to the Unlocked Value
stored in P069. (For more details, see P069 Unlocked value on page 39.)
• Invalid entries will be rejected or limited.
• CLEAR
can be used to clear the field
1.
Use the ARROW keys
to scroll to the parameter number, or press
2.
DISPLAY
and key in the parameter number followed by ENTER
Key in the new value.
3.
Press ENTER
.
to set the value.
Parameter Reset to Factory Default
1.
2.
Page 18
Scroll to the parameter or enter its address.
Press CLEAR
then ENTER
. The value returns to the default setting.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Master Reset (P999)
Note: Following a Master Reset, complete programming is required.
•
•
P000 and P069 are not reset.
The learned TVT curve is not lost.
1.
Press PROGRAM
2.
3.
Press DISPLAY
Key in 999.
Press CLEAR
then DISPLAY
to activate PROGRAM mode.
to open parameter fields.
then ENTER
, to Clear All
and initiate reset. The LCD displays C.ALL.
4.
Reset complete. (Reset takes several seconds
to complete.)
Using Units or Percent (%)
Many parameters can be viewed either as a percentage, or in measurement units (P005).
View the parameter, then press MODE
to toggle between units and percentage.
Setup Steps (outline)
Set the Quick Start parameters between P001 and P010 (the main settings that apply to all
applications and make the system operational). Then set P837 and 838 to ignore false
echoes, and return to RUN mode.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1.
Select a language option1, or numeric, for the auxiliary reading (P010).
Select the measurement mode: level, space, or distance (P001).
Set the response time to level changes (P003).
Select units of measurement: m, cm, mm, ft, or in. (P005).
Set process empty level (Empty: P006).
Set the range to be measured (Span: P007).
To ignore false echoes before the material echo, set Auto False-Echo Suppression
Distance P838.
Enable Auto False-Echo Suppression P837.
Return to RUN mode.
The language options are English, German, French, or Spanish. The parameter title appears in
the language selected, for the first 10 parameters.
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Page 19
mmmmm
Operation
Resets all parameters to their factory settings, with the following exceptions:
Setup Instructions
• The following instructions apply when using the Hand Programmer.
• In PROGRAM mode, you can use the ARROW keys
to scroll to a
parameter number.
• The default parameter values are indicated by an asterisk (*) in the tables.
Operation
mmmmm
Notes:
Using the hand programmer, set each parameter value to suit your application. (For
detailed instructions on accessing a parameter and changing the value, see page18.)
1.
Select a language (P010:
Language)
If a language is selected, parameter
titles for parameters P010 to P001 are
displayed in the auxiliary reading field.
0
Values
2.
* Numeric/None
1
English
2
German
3
French
4
Spanish
Parameter Auxiliary reading
P000
P001
P002
P003
P005
P006
P007
P010
LOCK
OPERATION
MATERIAL
MEAS RESP
UNITS
EMPTY
SPAN
LANGUAGE
Select the measurement mode required for the application (P001:
Operation)
Values
1
Level returns material level referenced from Empty (process empty level).
* The reading is returned in volumetric units if parameters 050 to 055 are
set to enable this.
2
Space returns material level referenced from Span (process full level).
3
Distance returns material level referenced from the transducer face.
To measure how full the vessel is, select Level: the reading can be returned as level or as
volume (or flow – seeP050 on page 32 for details):
• for a level reading, ensure P050 is set to 0: the reading returns the distance from
process empty level (Empty) to the current level
• for a volume reading, select a vessel shape at P050, and set volume parameters
051 to 055 as required
To measure how much space remains in the vessel, select Space:
• Space returns a reading for the distance between current level and process full
level (Span)
To measure the distance from the transducer face to the current level, select Distance.
Page 20
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Space
(P001 = 2)
Span
Span
(4 mA)
0%
Space
Span
0%
(4 mA)
Distance
P007
P006
Level
Empty
0%
(4 mA)
Empty
100%
(20 mA)
Empty
100%
(20 mA)
1
Notes:
• Setting P001 resets Span (P007), unless Span has previously been set to a different
value. Span is set to Empty distance minus 110% of Blanking1, unless Operation is set
to distance measurement (P001 = 3). In this case, Span is set to the same value as
Empty (P006).
• Changing P001 may reset Output Function (P201): this applies to HART only.
3.
Set response time to maximum filling/emptying rate (P003:
Measurement Response)
Set P003 to a measurement response speed just faster than the maximum filling or
emptying rate (whichever is greater).
Values
1
slow
0.100 m/minute
2
*
medium
1.000 m/minute
3
fast
10.000 m/minute
Slower settings provide higher accuracy; faster settings allow for more level fluctuation.
(For more detail on measurement response, see P003 Measurement Response, on
page 29.)
4.
Select type of measurement units required (P005: Units)
1
Values
1.
*
meters
2
centimeters
3
millimeters
4
feet
5
inches
Blanking distance is 0.25 m (10"). See Blanking Distance on page 82 for more details.
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mmmmm
(20 mA)
100%
Distance
(P001 = 3)
Operation
transducer
face
Level
(P001 = 1)
Operation
mmmmm
5.
Set process empty level (P006: Empty)
Values
Range
(depends on mode)l
0.0000 to 6.00 m (20 ft) or
0.0000 to 12 m (40 ft)
Default
maximum range:
6.000 m (20 ft), or 12.000 m (40 ft)
Enter the distance from the transducer face to
process empty level (Empty) using units sets in
P005. Empty can be set to any distance: not
necessarily the bottom of the vessel.
Level Setup
transducer
face
Span 100%
Note: P006 and P007 are interlinked: see
notes attached to P007.
P007
P006
Level
6.
Set the range to be measured
(P007: Span)
Values
Empty
0%
Range
(depends on model
0.0000 to 6.00 m (20 ft) or
0.0000 to 12 m (40 ft)
Default
5.725 m (18.78 ft), or 11.725 m (38.47 ft)
Enter the distance between Empty (process empty level) and Span (process full level), in
the units set in P005. Span can be set at any distance above the empty level.1
Notes:
• Setting P006 resets Span, if it has not previously been set to a different value.
• The default setting for Span is based on Operation (P001) and Empty (P006). Span is
set to Empty minus 110% of blanking distance1, unless Operation is set to distance
(P001 = 3). In this case, Span is set to Empty distance.
• Always prevent the monitored surface from approaching within 0.3 m (1 ft) of the
transducer face. This provides a 0.05 m (2") safety margin, as the minimum detectable
distance is 0.25 m (10").
1.
Page 22
Blanking distance is 0.25 m (10"). See Blanking Distance on page 82 for more details.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
7.
Minimize false reflections (P838: Auto False-Echo Suppression Distance)
• This function works best when the vessel is empty or nearly empty: use it only if
there is a minimum distance of 2 meters from the transducer face to the material.
• Set P837 and P838 during start up, if possible.
• If the vessel contains an agitator, the agitator should be running.
Parameter
P838
Values
Range
(depends on model
0.0000 to 6.00 m (20 ft) or
0.0000 to 12 m (40 ft)
Default
1.000 m (3.28 ft)
Use P838 in combination with P837. Determine the actual distance from the transducer
face to the material surface. Subtract 0.5 m from this distance and enter the result,
following the Setup Instructions for P837.
Display before Auto False Echo Suppression
(or when P837 = 0)
Level (db)
default TVT
true
echo
P839
Hover Level
false
echo
Distance (meters)
1.
False echoes can be caused by obstructions within the beam path. For more detail, see TVT
adjustment parameters, page 57, and TVT curves, page 82.
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Page 23
mmmmm
Notes:
Operation
If SITRANS Probe LU displays an incorrect full level, or if the reading fluctuates between
a false high level and a correct level, you can use the TVT (Time Varying Threshold)
shaper parameters P838 and P837 together to prevent false-echo1 detection. P837 and
P838 elevate the TVT in this region and de-sensitize the receiver from any ’base noise’
caused by internal transducer reflections, nozzle echoes, or other vessel false echoes.
Enable False-Echo Suppression (P837: Auto False-Echo Suppression1)
Use this feature to ignore false echoes before the material echo. Use P838 to set the Auto
TVT distance first.
Parameter
Values
0
P837
*
Description
Off
1
Use "learned" TVT
2
"Learn"
Setup Auto False-Echo Suppression:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Perform this function when the vessel is empty or nearly empty.
Determine actual distance from transducer face to material level.
Press PROGRAM
, then DISPLAY
.
Select P838 and key in [distance to material level minus 0.5 m].
e. Press ENTER
f. Select P837.
.
g. Press 2 and then press ENTER
. P 837 will automatically revert to 1 (use
Learned TVT) after a few seconds.
Display after Auto False Echo Suppression
TVT curve
(learned)
Level (db)
Operation
mmmmm
8.
material
level
false
echo
Distance (meters)
9.
1.
Page 24
Press PROGRAM
to return to RUN mode.
False echoes can be caused by obstructions within the beam path. For more detail, see TVT
adjustment parameters, page 57, and TVT curves, page 82.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Additional Settings
For a full list of available parameters, see Parameter Reference, starting on page 26.
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SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 25
mmmmm
Convert readings to volume or flow (P050 to P055)
Store unlocked value (P069)
Set Failsafe timer conditions (P070 TO P073)
Control Analog Output (P201 to P215 and P911)
Check installation records (P300 to P346)
Calibrate transducer for unusual conditions (P650 to P654)
Temperature Compensation (P660 to P664)
Limit rate of change of reading (P700 and P701)
Verify measurements (P709 to P713)
Configure communications (P799)
Control echo processing (P800 to P825)
TVT curve adjustments - Auto False Echo Suppression (P830 to P839)
Software diagnostic tests (P900 and P901)
Adjust measurements (P911 to P924)
Operation
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Parameter Reference
Parameters
mmmmm
Notes:
• Keep infrared devices such as laptops, cell phones, and PDAs, away from
SITRANS Probe LU to prevent inadvertent operation.
• Do not use the Hand Programmer at the same time as SIMATIC PDM, or erratic
operation may result.
• The following instructions apply when using the Hand Programmer.
then DISPLAY
to access PROGRAM mode, and press
• Press PROGRAM
PROGRAM
to return to RUN mode.
• CLEAR
can be used to clear the field
• Default values (Factory settings) are indicated by an asterisk (*) in the parameter
tables, unless explicitly described.
SITRANS Probe LU is configured through its parameters, and the application determines
the parameter values which are entered into the instrument.
Please check your value entries carefully before operating SITRANS Probe LU, to ensure
optimum performance.
Helpful Hints
•
•
Primary index is an address: for example, P054.
Secondary index is a sub-address that allows for multiple values on an indexed
point, and allows indexed values from more than one parameter to be linked, for
example, the breakpoints in P054 and P055. (See pages 34 and 37 for more details.)
To access a parameter and change a value (primary index):
Note: Initial zeros in a parameter number do not have to be entered: for example, for
P001, key in 1.
1. Press PROGRAM
then DISPLAY
to activate PROGRAM Mode.
2. Either use the ARROW keys
to scroll to each parameter number, or
press DISPLAY
again to access the parameter number field, and key in the
parameter number followed by ENTER
.
3. Key in the new value.
4. Press ENTER
.
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SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
To access a secondary index and change a value:
Notes:
• In a parameter with a secondary index, the ARROW keys
whichever index was most recently changed.
control
• When you first access a parameter, the ARROW keys
index (parameter number).
control the primary
• After the secondary index is changed, the ARROW keys control the secondary
index.
• When the primary index is changed, the ARROW keys revert to the primary index.
2.
Press DISPLAY
3.
Key in the address of the desired index, or use the ARROW keys
twice1 (the auxiliary reading field goes blank).
the desired secondary index number, then press ENTER
to scroll to
.
4.
Key in the new index value and press ENTER
5.
Press DISPLAY
twice, and use the ARROW keys or enter the parameter number
to select a different parameter.
.
P000 Lock
Notes:
• This lock only applies to the hand programmer: it does not lock access through
communications.
• A remote master can change configuration if P799 is set to allow this.
Secures SITRANS Probe LU from parameter changes via the hand programmer.
Value
1.
Unlocked Value (P069)
other
*
Unlocked: programming permitted1
Locked: programming not permitted
The factory setting for P069 is 1954: after a new Unlocked value is entered and
accepted, the new value becomes the default setting.
To enable the programming lock:
1. Select P000.
2. Key in any value other than the Unlocked Value (P069).
3. Press ENTER to set the value: PROGRAM mode is now active for viewing only.
To disable the programming lock:
1. Select P000.
2. Key in the Unlocked Value (P069).
3. Press ENTER to set the value: PROGRAM mode is now active for programming.
1.
This focusses control on the secondary index.
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Page 27
mmmmm
Select the parameter number, for example P054: the secondary index is displayed in
the auxiliary reading.
Parameters
1.
Quick Start (P001 to P010)
P001 Operation
Note: Default values are indicated with an asterisk (*) in the parameter tables, unless
explicitly described.
Sets the type of measurement required for the application. (This affects the local LCD
only: the primary variable for HART is controlled by P201.)
Parameters
mmmmm
To measure how full the vessel is, select Level. The reading can be returned as level or as
volume:
•
•
for a level reading, ensure P050 is set to 0: the reading returns the distance from
process empty level (Empty) to the current level
for a volume reading, select a vessel shape at P050, and set volume parameters
051 to 055 as required
To measure how much space remains in the vessel, select Space:
•
Space returns a reading for the distance between current level and process full
level (Span)
To measure the distance from the transducer face to the current level, select Distance.
0
Values
transducer
face
Span
Instrument out of service.
Level returns material level referenced from Empty (process empty level). The
1 * reading is returned in volumetric units if parameters 050 to 055 are set to enable
this.
2
Space returns material level referenced from Span (process full level).
3
Distance returns material level referenced from the transducer face.
Space
(P001 = 2)
Level
(P001 = 1)
20 mA
100%
Span
Distance
(P001 = 3)
4 mA
0%
Space
4 mA
0%
Span
Distance
P007
P006
Empty
Page 28
Level
0%
4 mA
Empty
100%
20 mA
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Empty
100%
20 mA
7ML19985HT01
1
Notes:
• Setting P001 resets Span (P007), unless Span has previously been set to a different
value. Span is set to Empty distance minus 110% of Blanking 1 unless P001 is set to 3
(distance measurement). In this case Span is set to the same value as Empty (P006).
• Changing P001 may reset Output Function (P201).
P002 Material to be monitored
Note: For use only by Siemens Milltronics service personnel.
P003 Measurement Response
P003
1
Values
*
Failsafe
Timer
P070
(minutes)
Max.
Measurement
Response
P700/P701
Damping
Echo
Filter Verification
P709
P711
slow
100.00
0.100 m/minute
10.000 s
2
2
medium
10.00
1.000 m/minute
10.000 s
2
3
fast
1.00
10.000 m/minute
1.000 s
2
Note: Changing P003 resets the following parameters: P070, P700, P701, P709, and
P711.
Use a setting just faster than the maximum filling or emptying rate (whichever is greater).
Slower settings provide higher accuracy: faster settings allow for more level fluctuation.
•
•
1.
Echo Verification (P711): discriminates between agitator blades in motion (spurious
noise) and the target surface (true echo).
Failsafe timer (P070): establishes the period from the time a loss of echo (LOE) starts
until the Failsafe default (P071) is triggered. P070 takes precedence over P003.
Blanking distance is 0.25 m (10"). See Blanking Distance on page 82 for more details.
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 29
mmmmm
Related
Parameters
Parameters
Sets the rate of response to level changes.
P005 Units
Specifies measurement units used for dimensional values.
1
Values
*
meters
2
centimeters
3
millimeters
4
feet
5
inches
Parameters
mmmmm
P006 Empty (process empty level)
Sets the distance from the transducer face to the process empty level, in units selected at
P005.
Values
Range
(depends
on model
Default
0.0000 to 6.00 m (20 ft) or
0.0000 to 12 m (40 ft)
Level Setup
transducer
face
Max. range:
6.00 m (20 ft) or
12 m (40 ft)
Enter the distance from the transducer face
to Empty (process empty level), using units
set in P005. Empty can be set to any
distance: not necessarily the bottom of the
vessel
Span 100%
P006
Empty
P007
Level
0%
Notes:
• Default setting is maximum range.
• P006 and P007 are interlinked: see note
attached to P007.
P007 Span (process full level)
Sets the range to be measured (referenced from Empty) in units selected at P005.
Values
Range
0.0000 to 6.00 m (20 ft) or
(depends on model 0.0000 to 12 m (40 ft)
Default
5.725 m (18.78 ft) or
11.725 m (38.47 ft)
See note on next page for more details.
Enter the distance between Empty (process empty level) and Span (process full level), in
units set in P005. Span can be set at any distance above Empty level.1
Page 30
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7ML19985HT01
Notes:
• Setting P006 will reset Span, if it has not previously been set to a different value.
• The default setting for Span is based on Operation (P001) and Empty (P006). Span is
set to Empty minus 110% of Blanking1 distance, unless Operation is set to Distance
(P001 = 3). In this case, Span is set to Empty distance.
• Always prevent the monitored surface from approaching within 0.3 m (1 ft) of the
transducer face. This provides a 0.05 m (2") safety margin, as the minimum
detectable distance is 0.25 m (10").
P010 Language
Selects the language used for the auxiliary reading on the display.
Numeric / None
English
2
German
3
French
4
Spanish
If a language is selected, parameter titles for the Quick Start parameters are displayed.
(See the table on page 20 for the titles displayed.)
Volume (or Flow) P050 to P055
Set SITRANS Probe LU to calculate readings based on reservoir volume instead of level:
see P050 Vessel (or Channel) Shape on page 32 for details on displaying flowrate.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
Operation must be set to Level (P001 = 1).
Select a vessel shape matching the monitored vessel (P050).
If required, add dimensions A or L (as shown in the chart on page 33), using P052
and P053,
or, if vessel shape 9 is selected, add level and volume breakpoints in P054 and P055.
Enter the value for the maximum vessel volume in P051.
Return to RUN mode: readings are now displayed in volumetric units. To select
PERCENT, press
: the displayed volume reading will be a percentage of
Maximum Volume.
Blanking distance is 0.25 m (10").
7ML19985HT01
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Page 31
mmmmm
Values
*
Parameters
0
1
P050 Vessel (or Channel) Shape
Defines the vessel (or open channel) shape (see chart on next page) and allows
SITRANS Probe LU to calculate volume or flow instead of level. The default setting for
P050 is 0 (volume calculation not required).
Enter the value for the vessel shape matching the monitored vessel or reservoir (see
chart on page 33).
Parameters
mmmmm
P051 Maximum Volume
For readings in volumetric units instead of percentage values, enter the vessel volume
corresponding to Span (P007). Any volumetric units can be chosen, because the volume
calculation is based on the maximum volume, and scaled according to the Vessel Shape
(P050) value. If no value is entered, the default is 100, and the reading will be a
percentage value.
Values
Range
0.0000 to 99999
Default
100.0
P006 Empty
P007 Span
Related Parameters
Enter the vessel volume corresponding to Span (P007).
1. Key in the value. (For example, if maximum volume = 3650 m3, key in 3650.)
2. Press ENTER
.
If the value is too large for the LCD display, enter larger units.
Example:
If maximum volume = 267,500 gallons, key in 267.5 (thousands of gallons).).
Page 32
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7ML19985HT01
P050 Value
0
Vessel Shape
*
----
Description
Also required
no volume calculation required N/A
P051
2
conical or pyramidal bottom
P051, P052
3
parabolic bottom
P051, P052
4
spherical bottom
P051, P052
5
angled bottom
P051, P052
6
flat end cylinder
P051
parabolic end cylinder
P051, P052, P053
7
A
L
P051
8
sphere
9
universal linear
P051, P054, P055
level/volume/flow breakpoints
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Page 33
mmmmm
flat bottom
Parameters
1
P052 Vessel Dimension A
Dimension A as used for P050 Vessel Shapes 2, 3, 4, 5, or 7, in the chart on page 33.
Values
Related Parameters
Range
0.0000 to 99999 in units (P005)
Default
0.0
----
Display when P050 = 0
P050 Vessel Shape
Parameters
mmmmm
Enter one of the following, using the units selected in P005:
• height of the vessel bottom if P050 = 2, 3, 4, or 5
• length of one end-section of the vessel if P050 = 7
P053 Vessel Dimension L
Dimension L as used in P050 Vessel Shape 7, in the chart on page 33.
Values
Related Parameters
Range
0.0000 to 99999 in units (P005)
Default
0.0
----
Display when P050 = 0
P050 Vessel Shape
Enter the vessel length L (excluding both end sections) if P050 = 7. Use the units selected
in P005.
P054 Level or Head Breakpoints
P054 and 055 can be used to calculate either level and volume in a vessel, or head level
and flow rate in an open channel device. (For more information on Open Channel
Monitoring, please see Open Channel Monitoring (OCM) on page 84).
Level Breakpoints
When the vessel shape is too complex for any of the preconfigured shapes, you can
define the shape as a series of segments. In P054 you assign a level value to each
breakpoint. In P055 you assign a corresponding volume value to each breakpoint.
Primary Index
Secondary Index
Values
Related Parameters
Page 34
P054
Breakpoint number
Range
0.0000 to 99999 in units (P005)
Default
0.000
P055 Volume or Flow Breakpoints
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Enter up to 11 level breakpoints, where the corresponding volume is known. The 100%
and 0% levels must be entered. The breakpoints can be ordered from top to bottom, or the
reverse.
1.
2.
First set P050 to 9.
Select P054.
3.
The default breakpoint value appears, with
the breakpoint number in the auxiliary
4.
reading.
Press DISPLAY
5.
reading field goes blank).
Key in 1 and press ENTER
breakpoint
value field
breakpoint
number
twice to focus control on the secondary index1 (the auxiliary
.
7.
8.
Press the UP ARROW key
to display 02 in the auxiliary reading.
Key in the level value for breakpoint 2, and press ENTER
.
9.
Repeat steps 7 and 8 until level values have been entered for all the required
breakpoints.
10. Press DISPLAY
. (Use units defined in
twice and use the UP ARROW key
to go to P055.
Example:
Breakpoints
Level value
8m
4
2m
3
2
1
1m
0m
Breakpoint
number
Level breakpoint
(P054)
Volume breakpoint
(P055)
1
0
0
2
1
200
3
2
1200
4
8
3200
Note: Illustrated values for P054 and P055 are for example purposes only.
1.
For more details on secondary index operation, see page 27.
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 35
mmmmm
Key in the level value for breakpoint 1, and press ENTER
P005.)
Parameters
6.
Head Breakpoints
When measuring flow in an open channel device, you can define the cross-section of the
channel as a series of segments. In P054 you assign a head value to each breakpoint. In
P055 you assign a corresponding flow value to each breakpoint.
Primary Index
Secondary Index
P054
Breakpoint number
Values
0.0000 to 99999 in units (P005)
Default
0.000
P055 Flow Breakpoints
Enter up to 11 head breakpoints, where the corresponding flow is known. The 100% and
0% levels must be entered. The breakpoints can be ordered from top to bottom, or the
reverse.
1.
2.
First set P050 to 9.
Select P054.
3.
The default breakpoint value appears, with
the breakpoint number in the auxiliary
4.
reading.
Press DISPLAY
5.
reading field goes blank).
Key in 1 and press ENTER
breakpoint
value field
breakpoint
number
twice to focus control on the secondary index1 (the auxiliary
.
6.
Key in the head value for breakpoint 1, and press ENTER
P005.)
7.
8.
Press the UP ARROW key
to display 02 in the auxiliary reading.
Key in the head value for breakpoint 2, and press ENTER
.
9.
Repeat steps 7 and 8 until head values have been entered for all the required
breakpoints.
10. Press DISPLAY
. (Use units defined in
twice and use the UP ARROW key
to go to P055.
Example: v-notch weir:
Breakpoints
4
3
2
1
Break Head
-point (P054)
flow characterization
Flow
(P055)
4
0.4 m
113.5
3
0.3 m
55.3
2
0.2 m
20.07
1
0m
0
4
flow
Parameters
mmmmm
Related Parameters
Range
3
2
1
1
2
head
3
4
Note: Illustrated values for P054 and P055 are for example purposes only.
1.
Page 36
For more details on secondary index operation, see page 27.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
P055 Volume or Flow Breakpoints
If you are measuring level and volume, follow the Volume Breakpoints instructions below.
If you are measuring head and flow, follow the Flow Breakpoints instructions on page 38.
Volume breakpoints
Each segment defined by the level breakpoints (P054) requires a corresponding volume,
so that SITRANS Probe LU can make the level-to-volume calculations.
Primary Index
Secondary Index
Values
Range
0.0000 to 99999 in units
Default
0.0000
P054 Level Breakpoints
Typical volume calculations:
Cylinder
Cone
V = (1/3)πr2h
V = πr2h
Enter a volume for each breakpoint defined in P054. (See illustrated example for P054 on
the previous page.)
1.
P050 must be set to 9.
2.
3.
Select P055.
The empty breakpoint value field appears, with the breakpoint number in the
4.
auxiliary reading field.
Press DISPLAY
twice to focus control on the secondary index1 (the auxiliary
5.
reading field goes blank).
Key in 1 and press ENTER
.
6.
Key in the volume for breakpoint 1, and press ENTER
be used: see note to P051.)
. (Any volumetric units can
7.
8.
Press the UP ARROW key
to display 02 in the auxiliary reading.
Key in the volume for breakpoint 2, and press ENTER
.
9.
Repeat steps 7 and 8 until volume values have been entered for all the required
breakpoints.
10. Press DISPLAY
twice and use the ARROW keys or enter the value for the next
desired parameter.
1.
For more details on secondary index operation, see page 27.
7ML19985HT01
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Page 37
mmmmm
Parameters
Related Parameters
P055
Breakpoint number
Flow breakpoints
Each segment defined by the head breakpoints (P054) requires a corresponding flow
value, so that SITRANS Probe LU can make the head-to-flow calculations.
Primary Index
Secondary Index
P055
Breakpoint number
Values
Related Parameters
Range
0.0000 to 99999 in units
Default
0.0000
P054 Head Breakpoints
Parameters
mmmmm
Use the Flow Tables associated with your open channel device (Parshall flume, v-notch
weir, or other measuring device) to calculate the flow rate for each head breakpoint.
Enter a flow value for each breakpoint defined in P054. (See illustrated example for Head
Breakpoints on page 36.)
1.
P050 must be set to 9.
2.
3.
Select P055.
The empty breakpoint value field appears, with the breakpoint number in the
4.
auxiliary reading field.
Press DISPLAY
twice to focus control on the secondary index1 (the auxiliary
5.
reading field goes blank).
Key in 1 and press ENTER
6.
7.
Key in the flow value for breakpoint 1, and press ENTER .
Press the UP ARROW key
to display 02 in the auxiliary reading.
8.
9.
Key in the flow value for breakpoint 2, and press ENTER
.
Repeat steps 7 and 8 until flow values have been entered for all the required
breakpoints.
10. Press DISPLAY
.
twice and use the ARROW keys or enter the value for the next
desired parameter.
1.
Page 38
For more details on secondary index operation, see page 27.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Lock (P069)
P069 Unlocked value
Stores the value to enter in Lock (P000) to unlock programming. If P000 is locked, P069
will not display the Unlocked value.
1 to 9999
Range
Values
Default
1954
----
Display when P000 is locked
Notes:
P070 Failsafe Timer
Sets the time to elapse in minutes since the last valid reading, before Failsafe State
activates.
Values
Range
0.0000 to720.00 min.
Default
100.00 (based on P003)
Note: The last valid reading is maintained until the Failsafe timer expires. After the
timer expires, the reading is set based on P071.
P071 Failsafe Material Level
Allows you to select the material level to be reported when the Failsafe Timer expires.
(For more detail, see Failsafe on page 85.)
Values
1
HI
Use Maximum mA Limit (P213) as material level
2
LO
Use Minimum mA Limit (P212) as material level
3
*
HOLd
SEL
4
Level remains at last reading
User-selected value (defined in P073)
1.
Enter the value corresponding to the level you want reported when the Failsafe
Timer expires.
2.
Press ENTER
7ML19985HT01
.
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mmmmm
Failsafe (P070 to P073)
Parameters
• Default setting for P000 is unlocked.
• After a new value has been stored at P069, that value will be recalled after a master
reset (P999).
• Consult your Siemens Milltronics representative, if you have forgotten the unlocked
value.
P073 Failsafe level
Defines a user-defined level to report when the Failsafe timer expires.
Values
Range
3.6000 mA to 22.600 mA
Default
22.600 mA
Note: P071 must be set to SEL to use this value.
Parameters
mmmmm
mA Output (P201 to P215)
P201 mA Output Function
Alters the mA output/measurement relationship, and allows the output to be set
independently from P001. If a HART master is connected, only the master can change the
value.
0
1
Values
manual
*
level
2
space
3
distance
4
volume (only available if a tank shape has been selected at P050)
or flow (only available if 9 is selected at P050, and head level and flow
breakpoints are set at P054 and P055)
Notes:
• P201 is set independently from P001: set P001 first, as changing P001 will reset P201
to the same setting.
• P201 controls the primary value and the loop current for the HART common module
and should not be changed if using HART.
• Selection also affects the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary variables for HART.
• P201 must be set to 0 (manual) before you can modify P911. Remember to restore the
previous setting after using P911.
Independent mA Setpoint Parameters (P210 and P211)
P210 and P211 allow you to explicitly define the normal operating range. Use these
features to reference the minimum and/or maximum mA output to any point in the
measurement range.
For HART, 4 mA and 20 mA represent the upper and lower range limits for the primary
variable.
Page 40
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7ML19985HT01
P201 (mA Function) Settings Response for P210 and P211
Level, Space, or Distance
Key in the material level in Units (P005) or percent1 of Span
(P007) as referenced from Empty (P006).
Volume
Key in the volume in Maximum Volume (P051) units or as a
percent1 of Maximum Volume.
1.
Ensure the % symbol is displayed before entering a % value.
P210 4 mA Setpoint (low output)
Note: P210 is used to set the 4 mA loop current for the HART common module.
Span
Span
20 mA
100%
Span
Distance
(P001 = 3)
4 mA
0%
Space
4 mA
0%
Distance
P007
Level
0%
4 mA
Empty
Empty
Range
Values
Default
Related Parameters
100%
20 mA
Empty
100%
20 mA
–99999 to 99999.
0.000 m (set to 0% as defined by
P201: mA Output Function)
P201: mA Output Function
Enter the reading that is to correspond to a 4 mA output. Use percent or units, depending
on the setting for P051.
1.
To display flowrate instead of volume, see P050 Vessel (or Channel) Shape on
page 32.
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mmmmm
transducer
face
P006
Space
(P001 = 2)
Level
(P001 = 1)
Parameters
Sets the process level corresponding to the 4 mA value. 4 mA always defaults to 0, and
P201 determines whether this is a Level, Space, Distance, or Volume (or flow)1
measurement. Level and Space are measured as a percentage of Span; Distance is
measured as a percentage of Empty.
P211 20 mA Setpoint (high output)
Sets the process level corresponding to the 20 mA value. 20 mA always defaults to 100%,
and P201 determines whether this is a Level, Space, or Distance measurement. Level and
Space are measured as a percentage of Span: Distance is measured as a percentage of
Empty.
Range
Values
Parameters
mmmmm
Related Parameters
–99999 to 99999.
5.725 m (18.78 ft) or
Default
11.725 m (38.47 ft); set to 100% as
(depends on model)
defined by P201: mA Output Function.
P201: mA Output Function
Enter the reading that is to correspond to a 20 mA output, Use percent or units, depending
on the setting for P051.
Note:P211 is used to set the 20 mA loop current for the HART common module.
mA Output Limit Parameters (P212 and P213)
P212 and P213 allow you to explicitly set a failsafe current outside the normal operating
range.
P212 Minimum mA limit
Prevents the mA output from dropping below this minimum level for a measurement
value. This does not restrict the Failsafe or manual settings.
Values
Range
Default
3.800 to 20.500 (mA)
3.800 (mA)
P213 Maximum mA limit
Prevents the mA output from rising above this maximum level for a measurement value.
This does not restrict the Failsafe or manual settings.
Values
Page 42
Range
Default
3.800 to 20.500 (mA)
20.500 (mA)
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
P214 4 mA Output Trim
Note: This parameter is for use only by Siemens Milltronics service personnel.
Calibrates the 4 mA output.
P215 20 mA Output Trim
Note: This parameter is for use only by Siemens Milltronics service personnel.
Calibrates the 20 mA output.
P300 Temperature, transducer maximum
Shows the highest temperature encountered (in degrees C), as measured by the
temperature sensor in the transducer (if applicable).
Primary Index
Transducer
Values (view only)
Press CLEAR
wiring.
Range
–50 to 150 oC (view only)
Default
–50 (oC)
then ENTER
, to reset the log after a short circuit on the transducer
P341 RUN Time
Displays the number of uninterrupted 24 hour periods that the device has been operating.
Values (view only)
Related
Range
0 to 99999 (days)
Default:
0
P342: Power-on Resets
P341 is updated once a day.
•
•
If power is cycled before 24 hours have passed, the run time will not be updated.
If an instrument is powered down on a regular basis, P341 will not have an
accurate value.
7ML19985HT01
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mmmmm
Parameters
Installation Records (P300 to P346)
P342 Power-On Resets
The number of times power has been applied since the date of manufacture.
Values (view only)
Related
Display
0.0 to 99999
Default:
0
P341 RUN Time
This parameter is updated every time the instrument is reset or is powered up.
Parameters
mmmmm
P343 Internal Temperature
WARNING: Internal temperature must not exceed 80 oC (176 oF).
Displays (in degrees C) either the current temperature on the circuit board, or the
maximum or minimum temperature recorded by the internal sensor. The high and low
values are maintained over a power cycle.
Primary Index
Value (view only)
P343
Secondary Index
2
Range
1
3
*
–50 oC to 150 oC
Current temperature
Maximum temperature
Minimum temperature
1.
2.
Select P343.
The primary reading displays a temperature, and the secondary index number is
3.
visible in the auxiliary reading field.
Press DISPLAY
twice to focus control on the secondary index.
4.
5.
Key in the index number required, and press ENTER
.
The temperature value associated with the new secondary index appears.
6.
Press DISPLAY
twice and use the ARROW keys or enter the value for the next
desired parameter.
Page 44
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7ML19985HT01
P346 Serial Number
Displays the serial number of the instrument. The numbers stored in Index 2, followed by
the numbers stored in Index 1, give you the complete serial number.
Index 2
Values (view only)
Example: 1503010
Range: 00000 to 99999
15
Index 1
Range: 00000 to 99999
03
010
1.
2.
Select P346.
The primary reading displays one part of the serial number, with the secondary index
Key in the other index number and press ENTER
.
The other part of the serial number, associated with the new secondary index,
6.
appears.
Press DISPLAY
twice and use the ARROW keys or enter the value for the next
desired parameter.
Range Calibration (P650 to P654)
There are two possible types of calibration:
•
•
Offset
Sound Velocity
Adjusts the measurement by a fixed amount
Adjusts speed of sound, and changes the measurement
calculations
Do Offset calibration at any steady level, unless a Sound Velocity calibration is also done.
If both calibrations are done, then do Offset at a known high level, and Sound Velocity at
a known low level.
7ML19985HT01
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Page 45
mmmmm
4.
5.
Parameters
3.
number visible in the auxiliary reading field.
Press DISPLAY
twice to focus control on the secondary index.
P650 Offset Calibration
Calibrates Empty (P006) if the reported level is consistently high or low by a fixed amount
(stored in P652).
Values
Range
Related
•
•
•
–99999 to 99999
P006 Empty
P652 Offset Correction
P664 Temperature
Before using this feature, verify the following parameters are correct:
Parameters
mmmmm
•
•
Empty (P006)
Temperature (P664)
Offset Calibration
Begin with a steady level.
1.
2.
3.
Press the measurement key
to display the calculated reading.
Repeat step 1 at least five times, to verify repeatability.
Measure the actual reading (use tape measure).
4.
Key in the actual value, and press ENTER
.
The deviation between the entered Empty (P006) value and the calibrated Empty value is
stored in Offset Correction (P652).
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
Calibrates the speed of sound constant.
Values
Related
Range
–99999 to 999999
•
P653 Velocity
•
P654 Velocity at 20 oC
Use P651 under the following conditions:
• The acoustic beam atmosphere is other than air.
• The acoustic beam atmosphere temperature is unknown.
• The reading accuracy is acceptable only at higher material levels.
For best results, calibrate with the level at a known value close to empty.
Page 46
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Using Sound Velocity Calibration
Ensure a steady level at some low value (P653 and P654 adjusted accordingly).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Allow sufficient time for the vapor concentration to stabilize.
Press the measurement key
to display the calculated reading.
Repeat step 2 at least five times to verify repeatability.
Measure the actual reading (use tape measure).
Enter the actual value.
Repeat this procedure if the atmosphere type, concentration, or temperature
conditions are different from when the last sound velocity calibration was
performed.
Note: In gases other than air, the temperature variation may not correspond with the
Stores the fixed offset value determined when an Offset Calibration is performed.
Values
Related
Range
•
–99999 to 99999
P650 Offset Calibration
Alternatively, if the amount of Offset Correction required is known, enter the amount to be
added to the Reading before display.
P653 Velocity
Notes:
• P653 can only be accessed by entering the parameter number.
• The user cannot change the value of P653 directly, but can affect it via P654 or by
P660/P661.
Displays the value adjusted based on the Sound Velocity at 20 oC (P654) versus
Temperature (P664) characteristics of air.
Values (view only) Range
Related
•
•
•
50.01 to 2001 m/s (164.1 to 6563 ft/s)
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
P654 Sound Velocity at 20 oC
P660/P661 Temperature setting
The units used depend on the setting for P005:
• m/s if P005 = 1, 2, or 3
• ft/s if P005 = 4 or 5.
7ML19985HT01
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Page 47
mmmmm
P652 Offset Correction
Parameters
speed of sound variation. Use P660 and P661 to select a temperature source, and use a
fixed temperature.
P654 Sound Velocity at 20 oC
This value is used to automatically calculate Sound Velocity (P653).
Values
Range
Related
•
•
•
50.01 to 2001 m/s (164.1 to 6563 ft/s)
P005 Units
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
P653 Velocity
Parameters
mmmmm
After performing a sound Velocity Calibration, check this value to verify the acoustic
beam atmosphere in air (344.1 m/s or 1129 ft/s).
Temperature Compensation (P660 to P664)
P660 Temperature source
Determines the source of the temperature reading used for calculating speed of sound.
1
Values
*
2
Transducer (P664)
Fixed temperature (P661)
Note: Maximum Temperature (P300) always uses the transducer as source: it is not
affected by P660.
P661 Temperature fixed
Defines the fixed temperature (in oC) used for calculating speed of sound if P660 is set to
2 (fixed temperature).
Values
Range
–40 to 85 oC
Default
20 (oC)
Use this function when you want to manually override the temperature sensor with a
fixed temperature value.
•
•
Page 48
Set P660 to 2.
Enter the fixed temperature value you want to use in place of the sensor
temperature.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
P664 Temperature
Displays the temperature (in oC) read from the transducer.
Values
Range
–40 to 85 (oC)
Rate (P700 and P701)
These parameters determine how material level changes are reported.
P700 Maximum Fill Rate
Range
0.0000 to 99999 m / min.
Default
0.100
Altered by
P003 Measurement Response
Related
P005 Units
P007 Span
P071 Failsafe Material Level
Enter a value slightly greater than the maximum vessel-filling rate, in Units (P005) or
percent of Span (P007) per minute.
P003 Value
Meters/Minute
1
0.100
2
1.0000
3
10.000
P701 Maximum Empty Rate
Adjusts the SITRANS Probe LU response to decreases in the actual material level (or an
advance to a lower Failsafe Material Level, P071). P701 is automatically updated
whenever Measurement Response (P003) is altered.
Values
Range
0.0000 to 99999 m / min.
Default
0.100 (m)
Altered by
P003 Measurement Response
Related
P005 Units
P007 Span
P071 Failsafe Material Level
7ML19985HT01
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Page 49
mmmmm
Values
Parameters
Allows you to further adjust the SITRANS Probe LU response to increases in the actual
material level (or an advance to a higher Failsafe Material Level, P071). P700 is
automatically updated whenever Measurement Response (P003) is altered.
Enter a value slightly greater than the vessel’s maximum emptying rate, in Units (P005) or
percent of Span (P007) per minute.
P003 Value
Meters/Minute
1
0.100
2
1.0000
3
10.000
Measurement Verification (P709 to P713)
Parameters
mmmmm
P709 Damping Filter
Stabilizes the reported level within the Echo Lock Window (P713) in the event of level
fluctuations (for example, a rippling or splashing liquid surface). The value is in seconds,
and depends on the number of seconds it takes the device to reach 63% of a step value
change in reading.
Values
Range
0 to 100.00 seconds (0 = off)
Default
10.000 seconds
Altered by
P003 Measurement Response
Related
P007 Span
P713 Echo Lock Window
The value is automatically altered when Measurement Response Speed (P003) changes.
The higher the value entered, the greater the range of stabilized fluctuation.
P711 Echo Lock
Use this feature to select the measurement verification process.
Values
0
1
2
3
Related
P700 Maximum Fill Rate
P701 Maximum Empty Rate
P712 Echo Lock Sampling
P713 Echo Lock Window
P820 Algorithm
Page 50
Off
Maximum Verification
*
Material Agitator
Total Lock
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
If a material agitator or mixer is used in the monitored vessel, set Echo Lock for Maximum
Verification or Material Agitator, to avoid agitator blade detection.
Note: Ensure the agitator is always running while SITRANS Probe LU is monitoring the
vessel, to avoid stationary blade detection.
•
•
When Maximum Verification or Material Agitator is selected, a new measurement
outside the Echo Lock Window (P713) must meet the sampling criterion (P712).
When Total Lock is selected, Echo Lock Window (P713) is pre-set to 0.
SITRANS Probe LU continuously searches for the best echo according to the algorithm
chosen (P820). If the selected echo is within the window, the window is then centered
about the echo. If not, the window widens with each successive shot until the selected
echo is within the window. The window then returns to its normal width.
The sampling criterion sets the number of consecutive echoes that must appear above or
below the echo currently locked onto, before the measurements are validated as the new
reading. (Echo Lock P711 must be set to 1 or 2.)
Range
1:1 to 50:50
Values
Format:
x:y
x = the number of above echoes
y = the number of below echoes
Related
P711 Echo Lock
P711 default value
1
2
*
Description
P712 pre-set value
maximum verification
5: 5
material agitator
5: 2
Example:
•
•
•
Set P711 to 2 (material agitator)
The preset values for P712 in this case are 5:2
Result: a new reading will not be validated unless 5 consecutive measurements
higher or 2 consecutive measurements lower than the current reading occur.
Note: Resetting P711 returns P712 to the respective pre-set values.
7ML19985HT01
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mmmmm
P712 Echo Lock Sampling
Parameters
When Echo Lock is Off, SITRANS Probe LU responds immediately to a new measurement,
as restricted by the Maximum Fill / Empty Rate (P700 / P701). However, measurement
reliability is affected.
P713 Echo Lock Window
Adjusts the size of the Echo Lock Window. This value is automatically altered when
Measurement Response (P003), Maximum Fill Rate (P700), or Maximum Empty Rate
(P701), are altered.
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Range
0.000 to 9999
Default
0.000
Altered by
P003 Measurement Response
Related Parameters
P005 Units
P711 Echo Lock
The Echo Lock Window is a ’distance window1, centered on the echo used to derive the
reading. When a new measurement falls within the window, the window is re-centered
and the new reading calculated. Otherwise, the new measurement is verified by Echo
Lock (P711) before the reading is updated. The distance value of this parameter is given
for a temperature of 20 oC (68 oF).
When the value is 0, the window is automatically calculated after each measurement.
The value is fixed at 0 if Echo Lock (P711) is set to 3.
•
•
For slower Measurement Response values (P003), the window is narrow.
For faster P003 values the window becomes progressively wider.
Note: The echo lock window is stored as standard samples, but displayed in units
based on P005. Any value entered for P713 will be rounded to the nearest sample.
P752 HART address
Note: Accessible via the hand programmer only by keying in P752.
Sets the device address or poll ID on a HART network. Any address other than 0 will
cause the output current to be a fixed value, and the current will not indicate the reading.
Values
1.
Page 52
Range
0 to 16
Units are those set in P005.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Communications (P799)
P799 Communications Control
Enables the read/write access to parameters via remote communications.
0
Values
1
Read only
*
Read/write
Restricted access – read only except for P799 which is read/write
2
Notes:
Echo Processing (P800 to P825)
The following parameters are for authorized Siemens Milltronics Service personnel or
technicians familiar with Siemens Milltronics echo processing techniques. View the echo
profile first, before attempting to modify these parameters.
P800 Near Blanking 1
Defines the distance from the transducer face to be ignored by the transmitter/receiver.
Values
Related
Range
(depends on model)
0.000 to 6.000 m (20 ft) or
0.000 to 12 m (40 ft)
(units selected in P005)
Default
0.250 m (0.820 ft)
P006 Empty
P007 Span
P838 Auto False-Echo Suppression Distance
To extend the blanking beyond the minimum default, enter a value in the units selected in
P005.
1.
For more details, see Blanking Distance on page 82.
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 53
mmmmm
Parameters
• P799 controls the access if you are using a HART master.
• P000 controls the lock access if you are using the Siemens Milltronics hand
programmer.
P801 Range Extension
Note: SITRANS Probe LU has an absolute maximum range of 7.2 m (23.6 ft). or 14.4 m
(47.24 ft), depending on the model.
Allows the material level to drop below Empty (process empty level), without generating
an LOE state.
Values
Parameters
0 to 25 (% or units)
Default
20.000 (% of Span)
P006 Empty
P007 Span
P838 Auto False-Echo Suppression Distance
Related
mmmmm
Range
Use this feature if the surface monitored can drop below Empty level (P006) in normal
operation. The value for P801 is added to Empty, and the sum can be greater than the
range of the transducer. Range Extension can be increased (in Units or percent of Span)
to a point where Empty plus Range Extension is greater than the distance from the
transducer face to the furthest surface to be monitored. (The distance below empty is not
blanked.)
•
•
Enter the value as a percentage of P006.
For vessels with conical or parabolic bottoms, increase the value for P801 to ensure
that an empty vessel reads Empty.
P804 Confidence Threshold
Determines which echoes are evaluated by software.
Values
Related Parameters
Format
x:y
x = short (range 0 to 99)
y = long (range 0 to 99)
Default
10:5
P070 Failsafe Timer
P804 sets the minimum echo confidence that the echo must meet in order to prevent a
Loss of Echo condition and the expiration of the Failsafe timer (P070).
The short and long shot Confidence Thresholds are preset to 10 and 5 respectively. When
Echo Confidence (P805) exceeds the Confidence Threshold, the echo is evaluated by
Sonic Intelligence.
Page 54
•
Key in the value for the short shot, then press
(decimal point).
•
Key in the value for the long shot, then press ENTER
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
.
7ML19985HT01
P805 Echo Confidence
Measures echo reliability. It displays the echo confidence of the measurement echo from
the last shot. P804 defines the minimum criterion for echo confidence.
Values (view only)
Related Parameters
Format
x:y
x = short (range 0 to 99)
y = long (range 0 to 99)
----
(Shot not used)
P804 Confidence Threshold
P830 TVT Type
to get a new reading that will update confidence
Both short and long shot Echo Confidence values are displayed.
Display
Description
x : --
short shot confidence value, (long shot not used)
-- : y
long shot confidence value, (short shot not used)
x:y
short and long shot confidence values (both used)
E
transducer cable is open or short circuited
-- : --
no shots were processed for Sonic Intelligence evaluation
P806 Echo Strength
Displays the absolute strength (in dB above 1 µV rms) of the echo selected as the
measurement echo.
Values (view only)
Display
Press the measurement key
7ML19985HT01
–20 to 99
to get a new reading that will update echo strength.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 55
mmmmm
Parameters
Press the measurement key
values.
P807 Noise
Displays the average and peak ambient noise of a noise profile (in dB above 1 µV rms)
as x.y. Noise level is a combination of transducer acoustic noise and receiving circuitry
noise.
Values (view only)
x:y
x = average (range: –20 to 99)
y = peak (range: –20 to 99)
Format
Parameters
mmmmm
After a measurement, the values from the previous noise shot will be displayed. Press the
measurement key
to get a new reading that will update the noise profile.
Algorithm (P820)
P820 Algorithm
Selects the algorithm to be applied to the echo profile to extract the true echo.
Largest echo (L)
3
Values
4
8
Reserved
*
12
best of Largest or First echo (bLF)
First echo (F)
For more clarification on the different options, please contact your local representative.
P825 Echo marker trigger
The point on the primary echo on which the measured value is based. The value is
entered in percent of echo height, which allows the Echo Lock Window to be set so that it
intersects the Echo Profile at the sharpest rising portion of the Echo Profile.
Values
Page 56
Range
5 to 90%
Default
50 (%)
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
TVT (Time Varying Threshold) Adjustment Parameters
(P830 to P839)
First SITRANS Probe LU learns the echo profile. Then the learned profile, or part of the
learned profile, is used to screen out false echoes.1
The following parameters are for authorized Siemens Milltronics Service personnel or
technicians familiar with Siemens Milltronics echo processing techniques. View the echo
profile first, before attempting to modify these parameters.
P830 TVT Type
Values
*
TVT Short Curved
2
TVT Short Flat
3
TVT Long Flat
4
TVT Long Smooth Front
5
TVT Long Smooth
6
TVT Slopes
Altered By
•
P002 Material
Related
•
P805 Echo Confidence
Select the TVT type which gives the highest confidence (P805) under all level conditions.
Use this parameter with caution, and do not use TVT Slopes with the F (First) or bLF (best
of Largest or First echo) Algorithm (P820).
P831 TVT Shaper
Note: This parameter is for use by Siemens Milltronics Service personnel.
Turns the TVT Shaper ON or OFF.
1.
For more detail, see TVT (Time Varying Threshold) curves on page 82.
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 57
mmmmm
1
Parameters
Selects the TVT Curve used.
P832 TVT Shaper Adjust
Note: This parameter is for use by Siemens Milltronics Service personnel.
Allows manual adjustment of the TVT curve.
P837 Auto False-Echo Suppression
Use P837 and P838 together, to set SITRANS Probe LU to ignore false echoes1. Use P838
to set the Auto TVT distance first.
• This function works best when the vessel is empty or nearly empty: use it only if
there is a minimum distance of 2 meters from the transducer face to the material.
• Set P837 and P838 during start up, if possible.
• If the vessel contains an agitator, the agitator should be running.
If SITRANS Probe LU displays a full level, or if the reading fluctuates between a false high
level and a correct level, set P837 to elevate the TVT in this region and to de-sensitize the
receiver from any ‘base noise’ caused by internal transducer reflections, nozzle echoes,
or other vessel false echoes. Set P838 and then P837 (detailed instructions follow P838).
0
Values
*
Off
1
Use ’learned’ TVT. (See ’learned TVT curve’ in Display
after Auto False Echo Suppression on page 59.)
2
Learn
Display before Auto False Echo Suppression
(or when P837 = 0)
default TVT
Level (db)
Parameters
mmmmm
Notes:
true
echo
P839
Hover Level
false
echo
Distance (meters)
1.
Page 58
For more detail, see TVT (Time Varying Threshold) curves on page 82.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
P838 Auto False-Echo Suppression Distance
Defines the range of Auto False-Echo Suppression (P837) to use for ignoring false
echoes. (Units are defined in P005.)
Range
(depends on model)
Values
Default
Maximum range:
0.000 to 6.000 m (20 ft) or
0.000 to 12 m (40 ft)
1.000 m (3.28 ft)
Determine the actual distance from the transducer face to the material surface. Subtract
0.5 m from this distance, and enter the result.
Perform this function when the vessel is empty or nearly empty.
Determine actual distance from transducer face to material level.
Select P838 and key in [distance to material level minus 0.5 m].
Press ENTER
.
Select P837.
Press 2 and then press ENTER
. P837 will revert to 1 (use Learned TVT)
automatically after a few seconds.
Display after Auto False Echo Suppression
Level (db)
TVT curve
(learned)
material
level
false
echo
Distance (meters)
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 59
mmmmm
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Parameters
Set Up:
P839 TVT Hover Level
Defines (in percent) how high the TVT curve is placed above the profile, relative to the
largest echo. When SITRANS Probe LU is located in the center of the vessel, lower this
parameter to prevent multiple echo detections.
Values
Range
0 to 100%
Default
33 (%)
Diagnostic Tests (P900 to P924)
Parameters
mmmmm
P900 Software Revision Number
Displays the software revision level.
Values (view only)
Range
1
Secondary index
0.00 to 99.99
Main code revision
2
Primary boot revision
3
Alternative boot revision
4
Default
Hardware stack revision
Determined by the software revisions installed
1.
2.
Select P900.
The secondary index number is visible in the auxiliary reading field.
3.
Press DISPLAY
twice to focus control on the secondary index (the auxiliary
reading field goes blank).
4.
5.
Key in the index number required, and press ENTER
.
The software revision level associated with the new secondary index appears.
6.
Press DISPLAY
twice and use the ARROW keys or enter the value for the next
desired parameter.
Page 60
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
P901 Memory Test
Press ENTER
to activate the test.
Values (view only)
IdLE
Normal operation
PASS
Memory test successful
F1
Fail RAM
F2
Fail EEPROM
F3
Fail FLASH
Measurement
Access this parameter to display the current value of the mA output.
Values (HART)
Range
3.6 to 22.6 (mA)
Default
4 mA in HART fixed current mode
1. Set P201 to 0 (manual).
2. Enter a test value.
Note: P201 must be set to 0 to enable the test value to be entered at P911: be sure to
restore P201 to the previous setting after the test!
P912 Temperature
Displays the temperature in oC (as monitored by the connected transducer). This value is
not affected by Temperature Source (P660).
Values (view only)
7ML19985HT01
Range
–40 to 85 (oC)
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 61
mmmmm
Parameters
P911 mA Output Value
P920 Reading Measurement
P920 corresponds to the final reading after all programming is applied. It is a copy of one
of P921 to P924, depending on the setting for Operation (P001).
Operation P001
Related
parameters
Parameters
mmmmm
P920 Values
(view only)
transducer
face
0
1
2
3
––––
Level
P921 if P050 = 0, otherwise P924
Space
P922
Distance
P923
Range:
–99999 to 99999 (dimensional units, if volume
has not been selected)
Space
(P001 = 2)
Level
(P001 = 1)
20 mA
100%
Span
Source Parameter for P920
Off
Distance
(P001 = 3)
Span
4 mA
0%
Space
4 mA
0%
Span
Distance
P007
P006
Level
0%
4 mA
Empty
Empty
100%
20 mA
Empty
100%
20 mA
P921 Material Measurement
Displays the distance between Empty /process empty level (P006) and the monitored
surface, in Units (P005) or percent of Span (P007).
Values (view only)
Range
–99999 to 99999
P922 Space Measurement
Displays the distance between the monitored surface and Span / process full level (P007).
Values (view only)
Page 62
Range
–99999 to 99999
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
P923 Distance Measurement
Displays the distance between the monitored surface and the transducer face.
Values (view only)
Range
–99999 to 99999
P924 Volume (or Flow) Measurement
The calculated vessel capacity in Maximum Volume (P051) or percent of Maximum
Volume (volume calculation must be enabled at P050).
Values (view only)
: –99999 to 99999
----
Display when volume calculation is not
enabled at P050 (P050 = 0)
P999 Master Reset
Note: Following a Master Reset, complete reprogramming is required.
Resets all parameters to their factory settings, with the following exceptions:
•
•
P000 and P069 are not reset.
The learned TVT curve is not lost.
Use this feature after upgrading software:
1. Select P999.
2. Press CLEAR
then ENTER
3. Reset complete.
(Note: Reset takes several
seconds to complete.)
7ML19985HT01
to Clear All and initiate reset.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 63
mmmmm
P051 Maximum Volume
P050 Vessel (or Channel) Shape
Parameters
Related Parameters
Range
Parameters
mmmmm
Notes
Page 64
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Appendix A
Parameter Number
Page Number
20 mA Output Trim
215
43
20 mA Setpoint (high output)
211
42
4 mA Output Trim
4 mA Setpoint (low output)
214
43
41
Algorithm
210
820
Auto False Echo Suppression
Auto False Echo Suppression Distance
837
838
58
59
Communications Control
Confidence Threshold
799
804
53
54
Damping Filter
Distance Measurement
709
923
50
63
Echo Confidence
Echo Lock
805
711
55
50
Echo Lock Sampling
Echo Lock Window
712
713
51
52
Echo Marker Trigger
Echo Strength
825
806
56
55
Empty (process empty level)
Failsafe Level
006
073
30
40
Fail-Safe Material Level
Fail-Safe Timer
071
070
39
39
Internal Temperature
Language
343
010
44
31
Level (or Head) Breakpoints
Lock
054
000
34
27
mA Output Function
Maximum mA Limit
201
213
40
42
Minimum mA Limit
212
42
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
56
Page 65
mmmmm
Parameter Name
A: Parameter List
Alphabetical Parameter List
A; Parameter List
mmmmm
Parameter Name
Parameter Number
Page Number
911
mA Output Value
Master Reset
999
61
63
Material
002
29
Material Measurement
921
62
Maximum Empty Rate
701
49
Maximum Fill Rate
700
49
Maximum Volume
051
32
Measurement Response
003
29
Memory Test
901
61
Near Blanking
800
53
Noise
807
56
Offset Calibration
650
46
Offset Correction
652
46
Operation
001
28
Power-On Resets
342
44
Range Extension
801
54
Reading Measurement
920
61
RUN Time
341
43
Serial Number
346
45
900
60
Sound Velocity at 20 C
654
48
Sound Velocity Calibration
651
46
Space Measurement
922
62
Span (process full level)
007
30
Temperature
664
49
Temperature
912
61
Temperature fixed
661
48
Temperature source
660
48
Temperature, transducer maximum
300
43
Software Revision Number
o
Page 66
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Parameter Name
TVT Hover Level
839
60
TVT Shaper
831
57
TVT Shaper Adjust
832
58
TVT Type
830
57
Units
005
30
Unlocked value
069
39
Velocity
653
47
Vessel Dimension ‘A’
052
34
Vessel Dimension ‘L’
053
34
Vessel Shape
050
32
Volume (or Flow) Breakpoints
055
37
Volume (or Flow) Measurement
924
63
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 67
mmmmm
Page Number
A: Parameter List
Parameter Number
Appendix B
B: Programming Chart
mmmmm
Programming Chart
Number
Parameter Name
000
P000 Lock
001
P001 Operation
002
P002 Material to be monitored
003
P003 Measurement Response
005
P005 Units
006
P006 Empty (process empty level)
007
P007 Span (process full level)
010
P010 Language
050
P050 Vessel (or Channel) Shape
051
P051 Maximum Volume
052
P052 Vessel Dimension A
053
P053 Vessel Dimension L
054
P054 Level or Head Breakpoints
055
P055 Volume or Flow Breakpoints
069
P069 Unlocked value
070
P070 Failsafe Timer
071
P071 Failsafe Material Level
073
P073 Failsafe level
201
P201 mA Output Function
210
P210 4 mA Setpoint (low output)
211
P211 20 mA Setpoint (high output)
212
P212 Minimum mA limit
213
P213 Maximum mA limit
214
P214 4 mA Output Trim
215
P215 20 mA Output Trim
300
P300 Temperature, transducer maximum
Page 68
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Value
7ML19985HT01
Parameter Name
341
P341 RUN Time
342
P342 Power-On Resets
343
P343 Internal Temperature
650
P650 Offset Calibration
651
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
652
P652 Offset Correction
653
P653 Velocity
654
P654 Sound Velocity at 20 oC
660
P660 Temperature source
P661 Temperature fixed
664
P664 Temperature
700
P700 Maximum Fill Rate
701
P701 Maximum Empty Rate
709
P709 Damping Filter
711
P711 Echo Lock
712
P712 Echo Lock Sampling
713
P713 Echo Lock Window
799
P799 Communications Control
800
P800 Near Blanking
801
P801 Range Extension
804
P804 Confidence Threshold
805
P805 Echo Confidence
806
P806 Echo Strength
807
P807 Noise
820
P820 Algorithm
825
P825 Echo marker trigger
830
P830 TVT Type
831
P831 TVT Shaper
832
P832 TVT Shaper Adjust
837
P837 Auto False-Echo Suppression
838
P838 Auto False-Echo Suppression Distance
839
P839 TVT Hover Level
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 69
mmmmm
661
Value
B: Programming Chart
Number
B: Programming Chart
mmmmm
Number
Parameter Name
900
P900 Software Revision Number
901
P901 Memory Test
911
P911 mA Output Value
912
P912 Temperature
920
P920 Reading Measurement
921
P921 Material Measurement
922
P922 Space Measurement
923
P923 Distance Measurement
924
P924 Volume (or Flow) Measurement
999
P999 Master Reset
Page 70
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Value
7ML19985HT01
Appendix C
HART Communications for the SITRANS Probe LU
Highway Addressable Remote Transducer, HART, is an industrial protocol that rides on
top of a 4-20 mA signal. It is an open standard, and full details about HART can be
obtained from the HART Communication Foundation at www.hartcomm.org
SITRANS Probe LU can be configured over the HART network using either the HART
Communicator, or a software package. There are a number of different software
packages available, and the SITRANS Probe LU should work well with any of them. The
recommended software package is the SIMATIC Process Device Manager (PDM) by
Siemens.
HART Device Description (DD)
This software package is designed to permit easy configuration, monitoring and
troubleshooting of HART devices. The HART DD for the SITRANS Probe LU was written
with SIMATIC PDM in mind and has been extensively tested with this software.
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 71
mmmmm
SIMATIC Process Device Manager (PDM):
C: HART Communications
In order to configure a HART device, the configurator must have the HART Device
Descriptor for the unit in question. HART DD’s are controlled by the HART Communication
Foundation. Please contact your local representative concerning the availability of the
HART DD for SITRANS Probe LU. Older versions of the library will have to be updated in
order to use all the features in the SITRANS Probe LU.
HART Communicator 275:
Chart 1
On Line
PV
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1.
2.
3.
4.
PV
Level
% Range
AO
Device Setup
Refresh
PV is
SV is
TV is
4V is
Level
Space
Distance
Volume
Device Setup
Quick Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Master Reset
Quick Setup
Display
Diagnostics
PV Exchange
Device Data
Rate
Review
Units
Empty
Span
Language
Operation
Material
Response
Diagnostics
1. Wear
2. Status
3. Self Test
4. Range Calibration
5. trim analog output
6. Simulate AO
C: HART Communications
mmmmm
Display
1. Level
2. Space
3. Distance
4. Volume
5. Error signal
PV Exchange
1. Read Analog Out
2. Select Analog Out
Wear
Sensor Status
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Run Time
number resets
Max Temp
Int Temp
Status
1.
2.
3.
4.
Sensor status
Electronics status
Software status
Application status
Self Test
1. Self Test
Range Calibration
1.
2.
3.
4.
Offset
Velocity at 20
Offset Calib
Snd Vel Calib
Hardw/Firmw fail
Diagnostic warn
Reading question
Simulation mode
Electronics Status
1. RAM error
2. ROM error
3. FLASH error
4. Stack overflow
Software Status
1. Calib error
2. Temp out of range
Application Status
1. Loss of echo
2. Failsafe
Trim Analog Output
1. D/A trim
2. Scaled D/A trim
Simulate AO
1.
2.
3.
4.
Device Data
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Units
Basic Setup
Detailed Setup
Output param
Device information
HART information
Rate
1. Max Fill
2. Max Empty
Review
(all parameters)
4 mA
20 mA
Other
End
Units
1. Units
Basic Setup (See Chart 2 )
Detailed setup (See Chart 3)
Output param (See Chart 4)
Device information
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Tag
Descriptor
Message
Final asmbly num
Last config
Manufacturer data
HART information
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Page 72
Manufacturer data
1. Serial No
2. Revision
Manufacturer
Model
HART Dev ID
Universal rev
Fld dev rev
Software rev
Hardware rev
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Chart 2
Basic Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Master Reset
Standard Setup
Quick Setup
Sensor Temp
Volume
Failsafe
Standard Setup
1. URV
2. LRV
3. Damping
Quick Setup
1. Units
2. Empty
3. Span
4. Language
5. Operation
6. Material
7. Response
Sensor Temp
1.
2.
3.
4.
Temp Source
Temp Fixed
Sensor Temp
Sensor Temp
Volume
1. Shape
2. Max Vol
3. Dim A
4. Dim L
5. Bk LevVol Gr
Failsafe
mA Function
FS Timer
FS default measure
FS Advance
FS level val
Bk LevVol Gr
Bk LevVol 11_11
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 73
mmmmm
7ML19985HT01
C: HART Communications
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Shape
no volume
calculation
no volume calculation
flat level bottom
cone/pyramid bottom
parabol bottom
half sphere bottom
flat sloped bottom
cylinder flat ends
cylinder parabol end
sphere
universal linear
Chart 3
Detailed Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
Echo Lock
Echo Select
TVT Setup
Echo Quality
Echo Lock
1. Echo Lock
2. Sampling Up
3. Sampling Down
4. Window
Echo Lock
mat agitator
off
max verific
mat agitator
total lock
Echo Select
algorithm
bLF
L
F
bLF
tF
1.
2.
3.
4.
Algorithm
Blanking
Rng Ext
Marker
TVT Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Auto TVT
Range
Hover
P831-Mode
TVT Type
Shaper Val
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
C: HART Communications
mmmmm
Echo Quality
Confidence short
Confidence long
Strength
Noise Average
Noise Peak
Threshold short
Threshold long
Auto TVT
off
off
on
learn
P831-Mode
off
off
on
TVT type
short curved
short flat
long flat
long smooth flat
slopes
Shaper Val
1. Shaper V1_10
2. Shaper V1_20
3. Shaper V21_30
4. Shaper V31_40
Shaper V1_10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
TVT breakpoint 1
TVT breakpoint 2
TVT breakpoint 3
TVT breakpoint 4
TVT breakpoint 5
TVT breakpoint 6
TVT breakpoint 7
TVT breakpoint 8
TVT breakpoint 9
TVT breakpoint 10
Shaper V1_20
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
TVT breakpoint 11
TVT breakpoint 12
TVT breakpoint 13
TVT breakpoint 14
TVT breakpoint 15
TVT breakpoint 16
TVT breakpoint 17
TVT breakpoint 18
TVT breakpoint 19
TVT breakpoint 20
Shaper V21_30
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
TVT breakpoint 21
TVT breakpoint 22
TVT breakpoint 23
TVT breakpoint 24
TVT breakpoint 25
TVT breakpoint 26
TVT breakpoint 27
TVT breakpoint 28
TVT breakpoint 29
TVT breakpoint 30
Shaper V31_40
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Page 74
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
TVT breakpoint 31
TVT breakpoint 32
TVT breakpoint 33
TVT breakpoint 34
TVT breakpoint 35
TVT breakpoint 36
TVT breakpoint 37
TVT breakpoint 38
TVT breakpoint 39
TVT breakpoint 40
7ML19985HT01
Chart 4
Output param
1.
2.
3.
4.
Analog output
Apply values
Local Display
HART output
Analog Output
Apply values
1. 4 mA
2. 20 mA
3. Exit
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Read Analog Out
mA Function
FS default measure
Min mA
Max mA
Low Setpoint
High Setpoint
FS default measurement
hold
hold
high
low
select
Local Display
1.
2.
3.
4.
Write protect
Lock
Write Protect
unlock value
HART Output
1. Poll addr
2. Num req preams
3. Num resp preams
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 75
mmmmm
C: HART Communications
7ML19985HT01
Supported HART Commands:
The SITRANS Probe LU conforms to HART rev. 5 and supports the following:
Universal Commands
0, 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
C: HART Communications
mmmmm
Common Practice Commands
33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40,41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 53, 54, 59, 110
Device Specific Commands
Command 138 Read the user specific characteristics
Command 139 Write the user specific characteristics
Command 140 Perform Device Specific Configuration
Command 160 Read Quick Setup
Command 161 Write Quick Setup
Command 162 Read Volume
Command 163 Write Volume
Command 164 Read Volume Breakpoint
Command 165 Write Volume Breakpoint
Command 166 Read Failsafe
Command 167 Write Failsafe
Command 168 Read Echo Data
Command 169 Write Echo Data
Command 170 Read Echo Lock
Command 171 Write Echo Lock
Command 172 Read TVT
Command 173 Write TVT
Command 174 Read TVT Shaper
Command 175 Write TVT Shaper
Command 176 Read Confidence
Command 178 Read Analog Special
Command 179 Write Analog Special
Command 180 Read Local Display Commands
Command 181 Write Local Display Commands
Command 182 Read Range Calibration
Command 183 Write Range Calibration
Command 184 Read Serial Port Settings
Command 185 Write Serial Port Setting
Command 186 Read Wear
The HART commands are rarely if ever used by end users. For details on the Universal
and Common Practice Commands, please contact the HART Communication Foundation.
For details on the Device Specific Commands, please contact Siemens Milltronics.
Page 76
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Burst mode
SITRANS Probe LU does not support burst mode.
Multidrop Configuration
SITRANS Probe LU (HART) does not support multidrop configuration.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 77
mmmmm
C: HART Communications
7ML19985HT01
Appendix D: Troubleshooting
Communication Troubleshooting
Generally:
1.
Check the following:
•
•
•
2.
There is power at the unit
The LCD shows the relevant data
The device can be programmed using the hand programmer
Verify that the wiring connections are correct.
Specifically:
If you try to set a SITRANS Probe LU parameter via remote communications, but the
parameter remains unchanged:
Some parameters can only be changed when the device is not scanning. Try putting
the device in program mode using the operating mode function.
•
Try setting the parameter from the keypad. (First make sure that the lock parameter
[P000] is set to the value stored in P069.)
•
The communications control parameter P799 must be set to 1 to be able to write
parameters to SITRANS Probe LU.
mmmmm
D: Troubleshooting
•
Page 78
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
General Fault Codes
Note: Some faults cause the device to go to Failsafe mode (Fault 34). These are indicated
with an asterisk (*).
Code
13
*
17
18
19
*
22
23
25
26
*
27
28
*
7ML19985HT01
None
None
Check parameter settings for
configuration errors, especially:
• Check Span is not set to 0.
• Check the breakpoints (only tested
if P050 is set to 9).
• Do a P999 reset.
None
None
• Cycle the power: this may
temporarily solve the problem.
• Do not use the device for
measurement, but return it to the
factory as soon as possible.
None
None
Lower the ambient temperature
enough to cool the device.
Replace unit.
mmmmm
30
A mechanical failure in the device, such as a broken
cable.
Standard device error category1.
Internal temperature of the device has been exceeded:
it is operating outside its temperature range.
During a memory check, a problem with the memory
has occurred.
Explanation:
The device periodically validates RAM, Flash, and
EEPROM memory. If any fault is found, Fault 29 is
displayed.
Potential causes are:
• normal wear and tear
• operating outside temperature range
• other electrical damage
The device was unable to get a measurement for the
failsafe timer period.
Corrective Action
Use PDM to restore the user
parameters.
D: Troubleshooting
29
Meaning
User configuration has been lost. This may be occur
after a software upgrade causes user parameters to be
reset.
Standard device error category1.
Standard device error category1. This device has a
single power supply: if it fails, the device is nonoperational, and the fault will not be visible.
User configuration is invalid: device cannot operate.
Parameters: Span, Volume breakpoints, substance,
temperature source, and/or Auto TVT mode, are set to
invalid values
Note: EEPROM Corrupted
If the parameter section of the EEPROM is corrupt, the
device will not have a valid configuration, and will also
show fault 39 and/or fault 40, and fault 34 (failsafe).
There is a maintenance issue on the device. Standard
device error category1; currently no maintenance faults
are activated.
Standard device error category1, not supported.
One of the following problems has occurred in the
electronics of the device:
• DMA failure
Check the application and echo
profile, to determine optimum
configuration for the application, to
ensure the device can obtain a
measurement.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 79
Code
Meaning
31
*
The device has failed to initialize itself properly.
32
*
34
The device is not calibrated. All devices must be fully
calibrated in the factory.
Failsafe is activated. The output current is set to the
failsafe behavior. The reason for the failsafe will be
indicated by the presence of at least one other fault.
35
Internal device failure caused by a memory error.
38
*
39
*
40
*
41
*
42
*
1.
Determine the other fault (alternating
on the display, or in the diagnosis/
status word in communication
master) and take corrective action on
that fault.
The fault should never appear. If it
does, the device should reset itself
and there is no action to be taken, It
should be reported to the factory.
Replace product.
Replace product.
Replace product.
Replace product.
Correct the power supply (resistance/
voltage?)
The error will not occur on SITRANS Probe LU, but is included to complete the list
and match industry standards.
EEPROM can become corrupted due to operating the device outside its operating
range (power and temperature) or other damage.
mmmmm
D: Troubleshooting
2.
The internal EEPROM has become corrupted2, or was
not configured properly at the factory.
The internal EEPROM has become corrupted2, or was
not configured properly at the factory.
The internal EEPROM has become corrupted2, or was
not configured properly at the factory.
The internal EEPROM has become corrupted2, or was
not configured properly at the factory.
The device is operating in a low power condition that is
outside its operating range. As a result, a valid
measurement has not been taken for the failsafe timer
period, and the device will be put into failsafe mode.
Corrective Action (cont’d)
Reset the device. If the problem
persists, check for the presence of
another fault and take corrective
action on this fault. If the problem
persists, call the factory.
Return device to factory.
Page 80
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Operation Troubleshooting
Operating symptoms and probable causes.1
Symptom
Meaning
Probable cause
•
•
•
status symbol
flashes
Failsafe timer starts
running.
•
•
•
•
•
material or object in contact with transducer face
transducer face is too close to the fill point
transducer face is not perpendicular to the liquid
surface
change in level too fast
measurement out of range
foam on liquid surface
high level of vibration in the mounting structure
level inside the blanking zone
status symbol
does not flash,
and LOE
alternates
The `Waiting' period
with reading has expired.
Refer to P003 Measurement Response on page 29, or P070 Failsafe Timer on page 39, for
duration of `Waiting' periods.
Maintenance
mmmmm
Unit Repair and Excluded Liability
All changes and repairs must be done by qualified personnel, and applicable safety
regulations must be followed. Please note the following:
•
•
•
•
1.
The user is responsible for all changes and repairs made to the device.
All new components must be provided by Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Restrict repair to faulty components only.
Do not re-use faulty components.
For details on blanking, see Blanking Distance on page 82.
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
D: Troubleshooting
SITRANS Probe LU requires no maintenance or cleaning.
Page 81
Appendix E: Technical References
Principles of operation
The transducer emits a series of ultrasonic pulses: each pulse is reflected as an echo
from the material and sensed by the transducer. The echo is processed by
SITRANS Probe LU, using Siemens Milltronics’ proven Sonic Intelligence techniques.
Filtering is applied to help discriminate between the true echo from the material, and
false echoes from acoustic and electrical noises and agitator blades in motion.
The time for the pulse to travel to the material and back is temperature compensated and
then converted into distance for display and mA output.
Blanking Distance
The crystal which produces the transmit pulse has to stop vibrating before it can receive
an echo. The blanking1 distance is the space in front of the transducer face where level
measurement is not possible, because within that distance, the echo would return before
the vibration had ceased.
The reference point for measuring blanking distance is the transducer face. The minimum
recommended blanking value is 0.25 m (10"), but this can be increased in order to extend
the blanking.
TVT (Time Varying Threshold) curves
A TVT curve describes a threshold below which any echoes will be ignored. The default
TVT curve is used, until P837 and P838 are used to create a new ’learned TVT curve’.
Auto False-Echo Suppression
False echoes can be caused by an obstruction in the beam path (pipes, ladders, chains,
and such). Such false echoes may rise above the default TVT curve.
E: Technical Reference
mmmmm
P838 allows you to set a distance, and P837 then instructs the Probe LU to ’learn’ where
the obstructions/false echoes are within that distance. The new TVT curve is set above
the false echoes, screening them out.
1.
Page 82
Also referred to as "Near Blanking".
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Display before Auto False Echo Suppression
(or when P837 = 0)
Level (db)
default TVT
true
echo
P839
Hover Level
false
echo
Distance (meters)
Display after Auto False Echo Suppression
Level (db)
TVT curve
(learned)
material
level
false
echo
Distance (meters)
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 83
mmmmm
E: Technical Reference
7ML19985HT01
Open Channel Monitoring (OCM)
OCM converts a level reading (head) into a flow value using a linear algorithm.
SITRANS Probe LU can convert a head level measurement into a flow rate, using an
eleven breakpoint head-versus-flow characteristic curve. This chart is usually available
from the manufacturer of the v-notch weir, Parshall flume, or other open channel device.
Parameter P050 must be set to 9 (universal linear function), and breakpoints must be set
for head levels and corresponding flowrates at parameters P054 and P055. Once these
parameters are set, the mA output is scaled to represent the flowrate, and the RUN mode
display will show the flowrate
Example: Flow Characterization.
11
flow (P055)
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
head (P054)
E: Technical Reference
mmmmm
The maximum and minimum points on the curve must be defined. Then program the
remaining breakpoints to closely match the flow curve of your open channel device.
Page 84
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
Failsafe
The Failsafe function can be activated either if there is not a valid measurement, or by
one of the faults marked by an asterisk in the table General Fault Codes on page 79. In
Failsafe mode, the device will output one of the four options determined by P071 (Failsafe
Material Level).
Failsafe Mode P071
1 = HI
2 = LO
3 = HOLd
4 = SEL
Use Maximum mA Limit (P213) as material level
Use Minimum mA Limit (P212) as material level
Level remains at last reading
User-selected value (defined in P073)
If an invalid measurement is generated by the application (for example, material level
outside threshold settings), the Failsafe timer (P070) will control the speed of the Failsafe
response. When the Failsafe timer expires, the device outputs the value selected in P071.
If a valid measurement is received before the timer expires, the timer will be reset.
If Failsafe mode is activated by a fault (see General Fault Codes on page 79), the
instrument will go into Failsafe mode without delay.
Chemical compatibility
The plastic materials used in the construction of SITRANS Probe LU (ETFE, PBT, and
PVDF) are resistant to attack from most chemicals. For exposure to specific
environments, check with chemical compatibility charts before installing and operating
SITRANS Probe LU in your application.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 85
mmmmm
E: Technical Reference
7ML19985HT01
F: Hazardous installation
mmmmm
Appendix F: Hazardous area
installations
•
•
Wiring details
Instructions specific to hazardous area installations
Wiring Details
Intrinsically Safe Model
FM (reference drawing 23650516: see page 91)
CSA (reference drawing 23650517: see page 93)
Under the entity evaluation concept, SITRANS Probe LU has the following
characteristics:
(input voltage) Ui
(input current) Ii
(internal capacitance) Ci
(internal inductance) Li
= 30 V DC (max.)
= 120 mA DC (max.)
0
0
Definition:
The Entity Concept allows interconnection of intrinsically safe apparatus to associated
apparatus not specifically examined in such combination. The criteria for interconnection
is that the voltage and current which intrinsically safe apparatus can receive and remain
intrinsically safe, considering faults, must be equal to or greater than the output voltage
(Uo) and output current (Io) levels which can be delivered by the associated apparatus,
considering faults and applicable factors. In addition, the maximum unprotected
capacitance (Ci) and Inductance (Li) of the intrinsically safe apparatus, including
interconnecting wiring, must be equal to or less than the capacitance and inductance
which can be safely connected to associated apparatus.
Page 86
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
•
Hazardous Area
load
4 – 20
mA
Non-hazardous Area
EEx ia
Certified Barrier
2
2
PLC (active)
Zone 0, 1, or 2
HART handheld
Communicator
EU Equivalency
Any zener diode safety barrier, certified by an EU approved certification body to
[ EEx ia ] IIC, its output voltage (Uo) not exceeding 30 V and its output current (Io) limited
by load resistance (Ro); such that Io = Uo / Ro, does not exceed 120 mA.
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 87
mmmmm
•
•
Approved dust-tight and water-tight conduit seals are required for outdoor
NEMA 4X / type 4X / NEMA 6, IP67, IP68 locations.
The maximum voltage of the non-intrinsically safe apparatus must not exceed 250 V rms.
Recommended intrinsically safe barriers are listed on page 88.
F: Hazardous installation
FM/CSA
Power Supply Requirements
1000
(30.0v,845 ohms)
L
900
Loop Resistance - R
F: Hazardous installation
mmmmm
Loop Voltage versus Loop Resistance
800
RL=44.6*VL - 493.4
700
600
500
400
(17.8v, 300 ohms)
300
RL=272.7*VL - 4554.1
200
ALLOWABLE OPERATING
AREA
100
0
10.00
(16.7v, 0 ohms)
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
Loop Voltage-VL
(Source voltage)
IS Safety Barrier Selection
Selecting a suitable barrier or power supply requires knowledge about Intrinsic Safety
and the application. It is the responsibility of the installer to ensure that the intrinsically
safe installation complies with both the apparatus approval requirements and the
relevant national code of practice.
How to select a passive barrier for SITRANS Probe LU
1.
2.
3.
4.
Page 88
Make sure that the barrier safety description is suitable for the SITRANS Probe LU
Intrinsically Safe (IS) input parameters.
Determine the maximum end-to-end resistance of the barrier (Re-e) from the data
sheet.
Determine other loop resistance (Rloop): for example, sense resistance, displays,
and/or PLC inputs.
Calculate Rworking = Re-e + Rloop.
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
6.
7.
Notes:
• The following list is not complete: there are many safety barriers on the market,
which will work with the SITRANS Probe LU.
• The barriers listed below have all been tested and are functionally compatible with
the SITRANS Probe LU.
• The barriers listed below are all HART compatible.
PLC Input Modules
Manufacturer
Part Number
Siemens
SM331 PCS7 HART Input Module
Passive Shunt Diode Barriers
Note: A well regulated supply voltage is required.
Manufacturer
Part Number
MTL
787SP+ (Dual channel)
MTL
7787P+ (Dual channel)
Stahl
9001/01-280-100-10 (Single channel)
Stahl
9002/01-280-110-10 (Dual channel)
Active barriers (repeating barriers)
Manufacturer
Part Number
Siemens
7NG4122-1AA10
MTL
706
MTL
7206
Stahl
9001/51-280-110-14
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 89
mmmmm
Determine any non-linear voltage drops due to the barrier (Vbarrier) from the barrier
data sheet (for example, voltage drops due to diodes).
Calculate Vworking = Vsupply – Vbarrier.
Using Vworking and Rworking, confirm that operation is within the shaded area of
the graph Loop Voltage versus Loop Resistance on page 88.
F: Hazardous installation
5.
F: Hazardous installation
mmmmm
Product Nameplate
SITRANS Probe LU
7ML1234-78910-ABC-D
Serial No: GYZ / S1034567
Nom., 30V
Power Rating: 24V
Encl.: NEMA/TYPE 4X, 6, IP67, IP68
Amb.Temp.: – 40°C to 80°C
Max., 4-20 mA
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc., Peterborough
Made in Canada
Refer to drawing: 23650516
Class I, Div 1. Group A, B, C, D
Class II, Div 1, Group E, F, G
Class III
Ui = 30 V,
Ii = 120 mA,
Pi = 0.8 W
Ci = 3.6 nF,
Li = 0
II 1G
EEx ia IIC T4
SIRA 03ATEX2142X
HART
WARNING: Possible static hazard, do not rub or clean on site.
Page 90
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 91
ENTITY CONCEPT DEFINITION: THE ENTITY CONCEPT ALLOWS THE INTERCONNECTIONS OF INTRINSICALLY
SAFE APPARATUS TO ASSOCIATED APPARATUS NOT SPECIFICALLY EXAMINED IN SUCH COMBINATIONS.
THE CRITERIA FOR INTERCONNECTION IS THAT THE VOLTAGE AND CURRENT WITH INTRINSICALLY SAFE
APPARATUS CAN RECEIVE AND REMAIN INTRINSICALLY SAFE, CONSIDERING FAULTS, MUST BE EQUAL OR
GREATER THAN THE VOLTAGE (Uo) AND CURRENT (Io) LEVELS WHICH CAN BE DELIVERED BY
THE ASSOCIATED APPARATUS, CONSIDERING FAULTS AND APPLICABLE FACTORS. IN ADDITION, THE MAX.
UNPROTECTED CAPACITANCE (Ci) AND INDUCTANCE (Li) OF THE INTRINSICALLY SAFE APPARATUS, INCL.
INTERCONNECTING WIRING, MUST BE EQUAL OR LESS THAN THE CAPACITANCE AND INDUCTANCE WHICH
CAN BE SAFELY CONNECTED TO THE ASSOCIATED APPARATUS.
THE ENTITY EVALUATION CONCEPT IS A METHOD USED TO DETERMINE
ACCEPTABLE COMBINATIONS OF INTRINSICALLY SAFE APPARATUS AND
CONNECTED ASSOCIATED APPARATUS THAT HAVE NOT BEEN
INVESTIGATED IN SUCH COMBINATION.
8. EXTERNAL BONDING HUBS ARE REQUIRED WHEN BOTH CONDUIT ENTRIES ARE USED.
7. USE SUPPLY WIRES RATED FOR 10 ° ABOVE.
6. INSTALL PER NEC / CEC
5. SUBSTITUTION OF COMPONENTS MAY IMPAIR INTRINSIC SAFETY.
4. UNDER THE ENTITY EVALUATION CONCEPT, THE SITRANS Probe LU HAS THE
FOLLOWING:
Ui = 30 VOLTS D.C.
Ii = 120 mA
Pi = 0.8W
Ci = 3.6 nF
Li = 0
3. THE MAXIMUM VOLTAGE OF THE NON-INTRINSICALLY SAFE APPARATUS
MUST NOT EXCEED 250 V rms.
2. APPROVED DUST-TIGHT AND WATER-TIGHT CONDUIT SEALS ARE REQUIRED
FOR CLASS II, DIV.1, Gr. E, F, G AND OUTDOOR NEMA 4X/TYPE 4X LOCATIONS
1. ANY CSA / FM INTRINSICALLY SAFE BARRIER / POWER SUPPLY, WITH ITS OUTPUT
VOLTAGE (Uo) NOT EXCEEDING 30 V AND ITS OUTPUT CURRENT (Io) LIMITED BY
LOAD RESISTANCE (Ro); SUCH THAT Io = Uo / Ro, DOES NOT EXCEED 120 mA
NOTES:
Load
4 – 20 mA
HAZARDOUS AREA
FOR INTERNAL
USE ONLY
0
2365051600
S. MILLIGAN
S. NGUYEN
PETERBOROUGH
R. CLYSDALE
17 / DEC / 03
ULTRASONICS
Product Group
INTRINSICALLY SAFE
(SEE NOTE 1)
RPC
1:1
23650516
1
SN
NTS
SITRANS Probe LU,
INTRINSICALLY SAFE
CONNECTION DIAGRAM
FOR APPROVAL
SAFE AREA APPARATUS
NON-HAZARDOUS AREA
1
0
B
DEC
17/03
mmmmm
7ML19985HT01
F: Hazardous installation
Intrinsically safe connection drawing (FM)
F: Hazardous installation
mmmmm
FM Class 1, Div. 2 connection drawing
NON-HAZARDOUS LOCATION
(SAFE)
HAZARDOUS LOCATION
CLASS I, DIV.2, GROUPS A, B, C, D
METAL CONDUIT
1/2 “ NPT
24 V
POWER
SUPPLY
SITRANS Probe LU
NOTES:
1) INSTALLATION SHALL BE DONE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE.
2) USE APPROVED WATER TIGHT CONDUIT FITTINGS FOR OUTDOOR APPLICATIONS.
3) FOR FURTHER INFORMATION REFER TO THE
SITRANS Probe LU INSTRUCTION MANUAL
1
0
FOR CONSTRUCTION
SEPT
29/2004
SN
RPC
Product Group
ULTRASONICS
A
NTS
29 / SEPT / 2004
R. CLYSDALE
FOR INTERNAL
USE ONLY
S. MILLIGAN
S. NGUYEN
PETERBOROUGH
23650583
2365058300
Page 92
SITRANS Probe LU
CLASS I, Div. 2
CONNECTION DRAWING
1:1
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
0
1
1
7ML19985HT01
SITRANS Probe LU – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 93
I max = 120 mA
Ci = 3.6 nF
Li = 0
.
4. INSTALLATION TO BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CANADIAN ELECTRICAL CODE PART 1.
3. THE MAXIMUM VOLTAGE OF THE SAFE LOCATION APPARATUS
MUST NOT EXCEED 250 V rms.
3. APPROVED DUST-TIGHT AND WATER-TIGHT CONDUIT SEALS ARE REQUIRED
FOR CLASS II, DIV.1, GROUP G AND OUTDOOR TYPE 4X LOCATIONS
Pmax = 0.8 W OR (Vmax x I max) / 4 = 0.8 W
Vmax = 30 VOLTS
2. UNDER THE ENTITY EVALUATION CONCEPT, THE SITRANS Probe LU
HAS THE FOLLOWING INPUT PARAMETERS :
1. ANY CSA CERTIFIED INTRINSICALLY SAFE BARRIER OR ASSOCIATED
APPARATUS WITH A LINEAR OUTPUT.
NOTES:
Substitution of components
may impair intrinsic safety.
Load
4-20 mA
HAZARDOUS LOCATION
FOR INTERNAL
USE ONLY
0
2365051700
S. MILLIGAN
S. NGUYEN
PETERBOROUGH
R. CLYSDALE
17 / DEC / 03
ULTRASONICS
Product Group
INTRINSICALLY SAFE BARRIER
(SEE NOTES 1 & 2)
C a C i + C cable
L a Li + L cable
I SC I max
V OC V max
SAFE AREA
APPARATUS
RPC
NTS
SN
1:1
23650517
1
SITRANS Probe LU,
CSA INTRINSICALLY SAFE
CONNECTION DRAWING
FOR APPROVAL
NON-HAZARDOUS LOCATION
1
0
B
DEC
17/03
mmmmm
7ML19985HT01
F: Hazardous installation
Intrinsically safe connection drawing (CSA)
F: Hazardous installation
mmmmm
Instructions specific to hazardous area
installations
(Reference European ATEX Directive 94/9/EC,
Annex II, 1/0/6)
The following instructions apply to the SITRANS Probe LU covered by certificate number SIRA
03ATEX2142X:
1.
2.
3.
For use and assembly, refer to the main instructions.
The equipment is certified for use as Category 1G equipment.
The equipment may be used with flammable gases and vapors with apparatus
groups IIA, IIB, and IIC, and temperature classes T1, T2, T3, and T4.
4. The equipment is certified for use in an ambient temperature range of –40 °C to
80 °C.
5. The equipment has not been assessed as a safety related device (as referred to by
Directive 94/9/EC Annex II, clause 1.5).
6. Installation and inspection of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained
personnel in accordance with the applicable code of practice (EN 60079-14 and
EN 60079-17 in Europe).
7. Repair of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained personnel in
accordance with the applicable code of practice (e.g. EN 60079-19 within Europe).
8. Components to be incorporated into or used as replacements in the equipment shall
be fitted by suitably trained personnel in accordance with the manufacturer’s
documentation.
9. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that manual override is possible in order
to shut down the equipment and protective systems incorporated within automatic
processes which deviate from the intended operating conditions, provided that this
does not compromise safety.
10. The ‘X’ suffix to the certificate number relates to the following special conditions for
safe use:
Parts of the enclosure may be non-conducting and may generate an ignitioncapable level of electrostatic charge under certain extreme conditions. The user
should ensure that the equipment is not installed in a location where it may be
subjected to external conditions (such as high-pressure steam) which might
cause a build-up of electrostatic charge on non-conducting surfaces.
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12. Equipment Marking
The equipment marking contains at least the information on the product nameplate,
shown on page 67.
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If the equipment is likely to come into contact with aggressive substances, then it is
the responsibility of the user to take suitable precautions that prevent it from being
adversely affected, thus ensuring that the type of protection is not compromised.
Aggressive substances:e.g. acidic liquids or gases that may attack metals, or
solvents that may affect polymeric materials.
Suitable precautions: e.g. regular checks as part of routine inspections or
establishing from the material’s data sheet that it is
resistant to specific chemicals.
F: Hazardous installation
11.
F: Hazardous installation
mmmmm
Notes
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Glossary
acoustic noise: any undesired audible sound.
accuracy: degree of conformity of a measure to a standard or a true value.
agitator: mechanical apparatus for mixing or aerating. A device for creating turbulence.
algorithm: a prescribed set of well-defined rules or processes for the solution of a problem in a
finite number of steps.
ambient temperature: the temperature of the surrounding air that comes in contact with the
enclosure of the device.
Auto False-Echo Suppression Distance: defines the endpoint of the TVT distance. (See TVT.)
This is used in conjunction with auto false echo suppression.
beam angle: the angle diametrically subtended by the one-half power limits (-3 dB) of the
sound beam.
beam spreading: the divergence of a beam as it travels through a medium.
blanking: the distance in front of the transducer face where level measurement is not possible.
capacitance: the property of a system of conductors and dielectrics that permits the storage of
electricity when potential differences exist between the conductors. Its value is
expressed as the ratio of a quantity of electricity to a potential difference, and the unit is a
Farad.
confidence: describes the quality of an echo. Higher values represent higher quality.
Confidence threshold defines the minimum value.
damping: term applied to the performance of an instrument to denote the manner in which the
measurement settles to its steady indication after a change in the value of the level.
dB (decibel): a unit used to measure the amplitude of signals.
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Auto False-Echo Suppression: a technique used to adjust the level of a TVT curve to avoid the
reading of false echoes. (See TVT.)
Glossary
attenuation: a term used to denote a decrease in signal magnitude in transmission from one
point to another. Attenuation may be expressed as a scalar ratio of the input magnitude to
the output magnitude or in decibels.
derating: to decrease a rating suitable for normal conditions according to guidelines specified
for different conditions.
dielectric: a nonconductor of direct electric current.
echo: a signal that has been reflected with sufficient magnitude and delay to be perceived in
some manner as a signal distinct from that directly transmitted. Echoes are frequently
measured in decibels relative to the directly transmitted signal.
echo confidence: the recognition of the validity of the echo. A measure of echo reliability.
Echo Lock Window: a window centered on an echo in order to locate and display the echo’s
position and true reading. Echoes outside the window are not immediately processed.
Glossary
mmmmm
Echo Marker: a marker that points to the processed echo.
Echo Processing: the process by which the radar unit determines echoes.
Echo Strength: describes the strength of the selected echo in dB above 1 µV rms.
Echo Profile: a graphical display of a processed echo.
electrical noise: unwanted electrical signals that produce undesirable effects in the circuits of
the control systems in which they occur.
false echo: any echo which is not the echo from the desired target. Generally, false echoes are
created by vessel obstructions.
frequency: the number of periods occurring per unit time. Frequency may be stated in cycles
per second.
hertz (Hz): unit of frequency, one cycle per second. 1 kilohertz (kHz) is equal to 103 Hz.
HART: Highway Addressable Remote Transducer. An open communication protocol used to
address field instruments.
inductance: the property of an electric circuit by virtue of which a varying current induces an
electromotive force in that circuit or in a neighboring circuit. The unit is a Henry.
multiple echoes: secondary echoes that appear as double, triple, or quadruple echoes in the
distance from the target echo.
Near Blanking: see Blanking
nozzle: a length of pipe mounted onto a vessel that supports the flange.
parameters: in programming, variables that are given constant values for specific purposes or
processes.
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pulse: a wave that departs from an initial level for a limited duration of time, and returns to the
initial level.
range: distance between a transmitter and a target.
range extension: the distance below the zero percent or empty point in a vessel.
repeatability: the closeness of agreement among repeated measurements of the same
variable under the same conditions.
shot: one transmit pulse or measurement.
stillpipe: a pipe that is mounted inside a vessel perpendicular to the vessel wall, and is open to
the vessel at the bottom.
ultrasonic: having a frequency above the human ear’s audibility limit: about 20,000 hertz.
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TVT (time varying threshold): a time-varying curve that determines the threshold level above
which echoes are determined to be valid.
Glossary
stilling-well: see stillpipe.
Glossary
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Notes
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Index
F
A
Abbreviations and Identifications
list 2
accuracy 6
agitator blade detection
avoiding 51
agitators 51
algorithm
select for true echo 56
Approvals 8
ARROW keys
primary/secondary index function 27
Auto False-Echo Suppression
instructions 58
B
blanking 82
extending 53
breakpoints
level 34
volume 37
H
hand programmer
access to SITRANS Probe LU 17
detailed instructions 18
HART Communications
detailed information 71
I
Identifications and Abbreviations
list 2
L
D
damping 50
default values
factory settings 26
dimensions 11
distance measurement 28
E
echo confidence
display 15
set threshold 54
echo confidence reading 55
echo strength
update 55
echo verification 29
M
maintenance 81
master reset 19, 63
material mixers 51
measurement mode 20
multidrop configuration 77
N
near blanking
extending 53
see also blanking 82
Noise parameter 56
O
operation
measurement modes 28
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changing parameter values 20
language
selection 20
level measurement 28
lock value 39
Loop Voltage versus Loop Resistance 88
Index
C
7ML19985HT01
factory settings 26
default values 26
Failsafe parameters 39
false echo suppression
instructions 58
false-echo suppression
setting 58
function keys (RUN)
display echo confidence 15
P
parameter
accessing 18
changing value 18
parameter reset
factory default 18
master reset 19
PDM 71
percent or units 19
power supply requirements
loop voltage vs. loop resistance 88
specifications 6
primary index 26
accessing 26
changing a value 26
principles of operation 82
programming chart 68
Index
mmmmm
Q
software revision number 60
space measurement 28
T
temperature specification
Ambient/Operating 9
U
units or percent 19
unlock value 39
V
vessel shape
conical bottoms 54
parabolic bottoms 54
selection 33
voltage
loop voltage vs. loop resistance 88
volume measurement 28
volume parameters 31
quick start programming
instructions 20
setup steps 19
W
R
zener diode safety barriers 87
wire gauge 12
Z
range extension 54
repair 81
reset parameters
factory default 18
master reset 19
resistance
loop voltage vs. loop resistance 88
S
safety barrier selection 88
secondary index 26
accessing 27
changing value 27
security
lock value 39
unlock value 39
setup instructions
quick start programming 20
SIMATIC Process Device Manager 71
SIMATIC Process Device Manager (PDM) 71
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IQ300IX.fm Page 5 Tuesday, October 2, 2001 1:43 PM
www.siemens.com/processautomation
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
1954Technology Drive, P.O. Box 4225
Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 7B1
Tel: (705) 745-2431 Fax: (705) 741-0466
Email: techpubs.smpi@siemens.com
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. 2004
Subject to change without prior notice
*7ml19985HT01*
Printed in Canada
Rev. 1.3
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