UCR411 Digital Hybrid Wireless Compact Receiver Operation Manual

UCR411 Digital Hybrid Wireless Compact Receiver Operation Manual
UCR411
UHF RECEIVER
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
and trouble-shooting guide
LECTROSONICS, INC.
Rio Rancho, NM
www.lectrosonics.com
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIGITAL HYBRID WIRELESS ............................................................................. 2
GENERAL TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION ............................................................ 3
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS ................................................ 6
LOCKING AND UNLOCKING THE UCR411 .................................................. 6
REAR PANEL FEATURES ................................................................................... 7
MENU SELECTIONS FROM MAIN WINDOW .................................................... 8
FREQUENCY SCAN MODE .............................................................................. 10
ANTENNA USE AND PLACEMENT ................................................................. 11
INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ....................................... 12
UCR411 REPLACEMENT PARTS AND ACCESSORIES ................................ 12
TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................... 13
SPECIFICATIONS AND FEATURES ................................................................ 14
SERVICE AND REPAIR ..................................................................................... 15
RETURNING UNITS FOR REPAIR ................................................................... 15
WARRANTY ......................................................................................... Back cover
DIGITAL HYBRID WIRELESS
(US Patent Pending)
The Lectrosonics Digital Hybrid WirelessTM uses innovative technology to combine
the new advantages of digital audio with the classic advantages of analog RF
transmission, thus delivering the superior sound quality of a digital system and the
excellent range of an analog system. A proprietary algorithm encodes the digital
audio information into an analog format which can be transmitted in a robust
manner over an analog FM wireless link. The receiver employs the latest filters, RF
amplifiers, mixers and detector to capture the encoded signal and a DSP recovers
the original digital audio.
This digital/analog hybrid technique has some very beneficial properties. Because
the information being transmitted is digitally encoded, immunity to noise is much
higher than a compandor can offer. Because the encoded audio is sent in analog
format, spectral and power efficiency and operating range are not compromised.
Under weak RF conditions, the received signal degrades gracefully, like an analog
system, delivering as much usable audio as possible at maximum range. Because
the audio is not companded, no compandor artifacts are present at any audio or RF
signal level. This greatly reduces the pumping and breathing problems commonly
found in wireless systems with compandors.
2
UHF Wireless Digital HybridTM Receiver
GENERAL TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION
The UCR411 is a portable, high performance, tripleconversion, frequency synthesized, UHF receiver fully
compatible with all Lectrosonics 400 series transmitters.
The RF performance is extremely stable over a very
wide temperature range, making the UCR411 perfectly
suited to the rough environmental conditions found in the
field. The proprietary audio processing includes a digital
signal processor for very low distortion and a superior
signal to noise ratio.
The UCR411 features a menu-driven LCD graphic
display and a three button control panel as a convenient
means of viewing and altering user settings. The main
window, for example, shows the pilot tone indicator,
antenna diversity phase, RF level, audio level, receiver
battery status and transmitter battery status. It is also
possible to bypass the pilot tone from the main display
window. Other display windows show operating frequency, audio output level, battery status in tenths of
volts and test tone status. The frequency scan mode
provides a spectrum analyzer for a graphical means of
observing all signals “on the air” within the frequency
range of the receiver in order to find operating frequencies that are free of interference.
DIVERSITY RECEPTION
The UCR411 technology with SMART DiversityTM
minimizes dropouts in situations where multi-path
reflections can cause serious problems. The phase
diversity network and PIN diode RF switches are controlled by the microprocessor using a sophisticated
algorithm to use both antennas simultaneously. This
design keeps the receiver compact enough for camera
mounting or shoulder bag applications, yet provides
effective diversity reception.
RF FREQUENCY TRACKING FRONT-END
AND MIXER
The receiver is frequency agile and can be set to operate
on any one of 256 frequencies within its tuning range. To
significantly reduce unwanted interference and
intermodulation problems, the UCR411 has a frequency
selective front-end section that tracks and tunes to the
desired signal frequency and rejects or “tunes out”
unwanted interfering signals. The design consists of four
varactor tuned ceramic transmission line resonators
controlled by the microprocessor to provide good selectivity. The low noise high current RF amplifier was
designed with feedback regulation for stability and
precise gain in order to handle stronger RF signals
without output overload. The first mixer is of new GaAs
technology that has a very high third order intercept
point. This produces a robust front-end that is as selec-
tive as fixed single frequency designs and is suitable for
use in close proximity to other receivers and transmitters
commonly used in field production “bag” systems.
MICROCONTROLLER, PLL AND VCO
CIRCUITS
The 8-bit microprocessor is truly the “heart” of the
UCR411 receiver. It monitors user command inputs from
the front panel control buttons and numerous other
internal signals such as RF level, audio levels, pilot tone
levels and external/internal power voltages. Outputs
from the microcontroller drive the LCD display and
backlight, control the squelch and audio output attenuator, and operate the front-end tuning, the PLL/VCO
circuits and the antenna phase switch. The UCR411
design and the advanced technology of the microprocessor control arguably set a new standard in wireless
microphone development.
IF AMPLIFIERS AND SAW FILTERS
The first IF low noise amplifier is controlled with feedback regulation and drives the first of two quartz SAW
(Surface Acoustical Wave) filters. The 244 MHz SAW
filters combine sharp tuning, constant group delay, wide
bandwidth and excellent temperature stability, far superior to conventional LC filters. The 244 MHz first IF
signal is converted to 10.7 MHz, filtered through two
ceramic filters for sharp selectivity, then converted to 300
kHz in one integrated circuit.
DIGITAL PULSE COUNTING DETECTOR
The UCR411 receiver uses an elegantly simple, yet
highly effective digital pulse detector to demodulate the
FM signal, rather than a conventional quadrature detector. This unusual design eliminates thermal drift, improves AM rejection, and provides very low audio
distortion.
DSP-BASED PILOT TONE
The 400 Series system design utilizes a DSP generated
ultrasonic pilot tone to control the receiver audio muting
(squelch). Brief delays at turn-on and turn-off eliminate
thumps, pops or other transients that can occur when the
power is switched on or off. The pilot tone frequency is
different for each of the 256 frequencies in the tuning
range of a system (frequency block.) This eliminates
squelch problems in multichannel systems where a pilot
tone signal can appear in the wrong receiver via intermodulation products. The DSP generated pilot tone also
eliminates the need for fragile crystals allowing the
receiver to survive shocks and mishandling much better
than older analog-based pilot tone systems.
Rio Rancho, NM – USA
3
SMART SQUELCHTM
The UCR411 employs a sophisticated squelching system
in an attempt to deliver the cleanest possible audio during
marginal conditions of reception. Any squelching system
faces inevitable trade-offs: squelch too much and valuable audio information may be lost, squelch too little and
excessive noise may be heard; respond too rapidly and
the audio sounds “choppy,” respond too sluggishly and
syllables or entire words can be cut off.
The UCR411 combines several techniques to achieve an
optimal balance, removing distracting noise, without the
squelching action itself becoming a distraction. One of
these techniques involves waiting for a word or syllable
to complete before squelching. Another incorporates
recent squelching history and recent signal strength,
adjusting squelching behavior dynamically for the most
serviceable result under variable conditions. Using these
and other techniques, the UCR411 can deliver acceptable audio quality from otherwise unusable signals.
In the PILOT TONE BYPASS mode, the squelch system
is disabled. Received audio remains unmuted at all
times with this setting.
SMART NOISE REDUCTION (SmartNRTM)
The UCR411 has been meticulously designed using the
best available low noise components and techniques.
Nonetheless, the wide dynamic range of digital hybrid
technology, combined with flat response to 20 kHz,
makes it possible to hear the -120 dBV noise floor in the
mic preamp, or the (usually) greater noise from the
microphone itself. (To put this in perspective, the noise
generated by the recommended 4k Ohm bias resistor of
many electret lavaliere mics is –119 dBV and the noise
level of the microphone’s electronics is much higher.) In
order to reduce this noise and thus increase the effective
dynamic range of the system, the UCR411 is equipped
with a Smart Noise Reduction algorithm, which removes
hiss without sacrificing high frequency response.
The Smart Noise Reduction algorithm works by attenuating only those portions of the audio signal that fit a
statistical profile for randomness or “electronic hiss”.
Because it isn’t simply a sophisticated variable low pass
filter as in Lectrosonics’s 195 and 200 series designs,
much greater transparency is thus obtained. Desired
high frequency signals having some coherence such as
speech sibilance and tones are not affected.
The Smart Noise Reduction algorithm has three modes,
selectable from a user setup screen. When switched
OFF, no noise reduction is performed and complete
transparency is preserved. All signals presented to the
transmitter’s analog front end, including any faint microphone hiss, will be faithfully reproduced at the receiver.
When switched to NORMAL, the factory default setting,
enough noise reduction is applied to remove most of the
hiss from the mic preamp and some of the hiss from
lavaliere microphones. The noise reduction benefit is
dramatic in this position, yet the degree of transparency
maintained is exceptional. When switched to FULL,
enough noise reduction is applied to remove most of the
hiss from nearly any signal source of reasonable quality,
assuming levels are set properly at the transmitter. This
additional noise reduction comes at the cost of some
transparency for low-level room noise, yet the algorithm
remains undetectable under most circumstances.
RF MODULE
SAW
FILTER
SAW
FILTER
CERAMIC
FILTER
XTAL
CONTROLLED
3rd
OSCILLATOR
244 MHz
IF AMP
244 MHz
IF AMP
2ND
MIXER
10.7 MHZ
3RD MIXER
AND
IF AMP
AMP
FILTER
ANTENNA
COMBINING
FILTER
LC
Filter
HI-LEVEL
MIXER
COUNTING
DETECTOR
Output
Level
Adjust
50KHz
LP FILTER
PLL
SYNTHESIZER
FILTER
1st
VCO
2 (HI)
2nd
VCO
2K
DIGITAL SIGNAL
PROCESSOR
AUDIO
AMP
1 (COMMON)
2K
FILTER
uP
Smart Diversity
UCR411 Block Diagram
50
PILOT TONE
DETECTOR
E 2 PROM
LCD
Display
Panel
4
XLR
OUT
50
uP uP
Attenuation
Digital
Attenuator
3 (LO)
UHF Wireless Digital HybridTM Receiver
RF-CONTROLLED DIGITAL NOISE FILTER
LCD DISPLAY
In addition to SmartNR, the UCR411 contains an RF
sensitive variable frequency filter, which reduces high
frequency response under extremely weak RF conditions. This filter does nothing until the RF signal strength
drops below 3 uV at which point it begins to roll off high
frequencies. Usable audio remains unaffected, but
noise-ups or “hits” occurring near the fringe of reception
sound much less harsh.
The display has four main windows. Pressing the MENU
button rotates through each of these windows.
OUTPUT LEVEL ADJUST
One of several setup screens is provided for adjusting
the audio output level in 1dB steps from -50 to +5dBu
using the UP and DOWN buttons on the front panel.
TEST TONE
The UCR411 provides a 1kHz audio test tone at the XLR
connector for level adjustment of connected equipment.
The level is adjustable from -50 to +5 dBu in 1 dB steps
to allow a precise match.
BATTERIES
The UCR411 operates on two 9V alkaline or lithium
batteries. Access to the battery compartment is gained
by lifting one end and turning the rear panel door. NOTE:
Do not use an alkaline and a lithium in the same unit.
Standard or “heavy duty” batteries are not recommended.
POWER SUPPLY
The UCR411 may be operated from an external DC
power source (see Specifications and Features section
for allowed voltages.) The receiver has a built-in PolyFuse to protect the unit. This fuse resets if the power
supply is disconnected for about 15 seconds. The power
section also has protection circuits that prevent damage
to the receiver if a positive ground power source is
applied.
If the battery gets low on either transmitter or receiver, a
message will interrupt the display every few seconds and
flash a low battery warning.
After power is turned off and back on again, the unit
defaults to the main window and to the most recent
frequency, audio level, transmitter battery type and
locked/unlocked status settings. These settings are
retained even if the batteries are removed.
POWER UP SEQUENCE
The power-up sequence consists of four messages that
appear automatically over a period of a few seconds
after the power is switched on.
1) LOCKED or UNLOCKED status
2) The name LECTROSONICS
3) The model number and firmware revision numbers
4) The frequency block of operation
After these introductory messages are displayed, the
main window will appear.
The UCR411 is fully operational during the power up
sequence and will immediately respond to button pushes
made before the automatic sequence is completed. If a
valid transmitter signal is already present when the
receiver is turned on, the audio output will typically be
engaged somewhere in the middle of the power-up
sequence, following a brief delay to allow the audio
circuits to stabilize.
(See LOCKING AND UNLOCKING THE UCR411.)
POWER OFF
When the power switch is moved to the OFF position the
audio output is instantly muted (squelched) and the
message “POWERING OFF...” is displayed briefly before
switching off.
Rio Rancho, NM – USA
5
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS
Audio Levels - reference levels for audio
signal modulation from transmitter
SELECT UP Button - control up one step
1
Pilot
1000
100
10
SEL
1
uV
2
-40 -20 0 dB
BAT
Div RF
LECTRO
SELECT DOWN Button control down one step
MENU Button changes windows
Aud
Rx Tx
UCR 211
RF levels - reference for
RF level screen icon
MENU
OFF
ON
OFF/ON - Power switch
MAIN WINDOW
Pilot tone indicator - A steady “P” icon will be displayed when a pilot tone from the transmitter is present.
The icon will flash if no pilot tone is detected and will change to a small “b” if the pilot tone has been
bypassed. To bypass the pilot tone, hold MENU and press the UP button. Hold MENU and press UP
again to restore normal pilot tone squelch.
Antenna Phase indicator - This icon shows antenna phase switching activity. As the antenna phase is
switched, the symbol will flip vertically.
RF level - This icon changes in size vertically to indicate the strength of the incoming RF signal. RF levels
are engraved from 1uV to 1000uV on the bezel to the left of the LCD display.
Audio Levels - This icon changes in size horizontally to indicate the audio level (modulation) of the signal
received from the transmitter. The icon display will change to a solid rectangular block when the audio
signal is being limited in the transmitter. Levels in dB are engraved into the bezel above the LCD display.
Battery Levels - The icon above the Rx symbol indicates the receiver battery condition and will flash
when approximately one hour of operating time is remaining. The icon above the Tx symbol works in the
same manner to indicate the transmitter battery condition. The Tx battery icon usually appears 5 to 10
seconds after the transmitter signal is acquired. When external power is being used, the Rx battery icon
changes to look like a power plug.
LOCKING AND UNLOCKING THE UCR411
The panel controls can be “LOCKED” to prevent accidental changes being made during operation and handling.
To LOCK the UCR411 - Hold the MENU button down until a bar tracks horizontally across the screen and the word
“LOCKED” appears. If the MENU button is released before the word “LOCKED” appears, the unit will remain UNLOCKED. When in a LOCKED state, the pilot tone bypass toggle is also defeated.
In LOCKED state, the use of the MENU and UP/DOWN buttons is limited to “view only” and attempts to change
selections will result in a screen displaying the word “LOCKED.” The unit cannot be used for RF scanning when it is
set in the LOCKED state.
To UNLOCK - Hold the MENU button down until a bar tracks horizontally across the screen and the word “UNLOCKED” appears. When the unit is UNLOCKED, all settings can be altered.
The UCR411 can be LOCKED or UNLOCKED from any of the main four windows. It cannot be switched when it is in
the scanning mode or from other subordinate screens.
6
UHF Wireless Digital HybridTM Receiver
REAR PANEL FEATURES
BATTERY DOOR
AUDIO
OUT
To open lift
this edge and
turn door
1
2
10-18
VDC
3
XLR AUDIO OUTPUT JACK
TO REPLACE THE BATTERIES
This is a standard XLR configuration with pin 2 “positive”
with reference to hand-held and plug-on transmitters.
With lavalier microphones and belt-pack transmitters,
however, phase will vary with different types of microphones (2-wire vs. 3-wire for example). The audio output
is balanced but not floating, so an unbalanced signal is
available using pin 1 as ground and pin 2 as signal,
leaving pin 3 open.
Lift and open the bottom battery door cover with your
thumb, rotate the door until it is perpendicular with the
case and allow the batteries to fall out of the compartment into your hand. It is difficult to install a battery
backwards. Observe the large and small holes in the
battery contact pad before inserting new batteries.
Insert the contact end of the battery first, making sure
the contacts are aligned with the holes in the contact
pad, and then swing the door closed. You will feel it snap
into place when it is fully closed.
POWER INPUT JACK
The power input jack can accept 10-18 VDC - the center
pin is positive and sleeve is ground. The input is diode
protected to prevent damage if the power is applied with
reversed polarity, but the unit will not work until the
condition is fixed. Strain relief to avoid accidental
disconnection can be provided with the included small
hook and loop strip. Attach the adhesive strip side to
the side of the receiver or mount with the opening end of
the strip up. Place the cable in the strip and secure.
1
2
To open the battery
compartment door, push the
door up and away from the
case with your thumb, then
swing open.
CAUTION
Lithium batteries will expand and swell if allowed to go
into a deep discharge. Be sure to remove lithium batteries as soon as possible after warnings. If lithium batteries are allowed to fully discharge while still inside the
battery compartment, they will be very difficult to remove.
Stuck lithium batteries can be avoided by removing the
label wrapping around the battery before use. This will
allow the battery to swell but will still leave enough room
in the compartment for the battery to fall out normally.
Rio Rancho, NM – USA
7
MENU SELECTIONS FROM MAIN WINDOW
From the Main Window, you can navigate to the Frequency, Battery Level and Setup windows in a circular sequence by
pressing the MENU button.
Main Window
U
M
P ress
Pres
M
s
M
M
U
ME
LEVEL
00 dBu
NU
Press MENU
TX
RX
(Press UP / DOWN to adjust)
s
M
EN
U
Audio Test Tone
Audio Test Tone
TONE?
00 dBu
LVL 1K
00 dBu
Press UP
EN
U
EN
U
TV40 AE
631.800
7.2V
8.2V
Frequency
Window
Battery Level
Window
Press MENU
(Press UP / DOWN to adjust)
SETUP
TX BAT
Tx Battery Type
Pr
Press
UP
EN
P res
Press
UP
Level
P re
ss
SETUP
TONE
SELECT
Lock/Unlock
ss
SETUP
EXIT
Press UP
Pre
e
Pr
SETUP
LEVEL
Press & Hold MENU
ss
UP
Frequency
Scan Mode
P re
Setup Window
ss
Press All Buttons
Hold MENU & press UP
EN
Pilot Off/On
e
ss
SETUP
PHASE
MEN U
TXBAT
9V ALK
Press MENU
(Press UP / DOWN to select)
Output Phase
PHASE
INVERT
Press MENU
Press
UP
Press MENU
(Press UP / DOWN to select)
Noise Reduction
SETUP
SmtNR
P
re
Press MENU
SmtNR
NORMAL
Press MENU
(Press UP / DOWN to select)
ss
UP
FREQUENCY WINDOW
TV channel - which television broadcast channel this frequency falls
within.
BATTERY LEVEL WINDOW
TV40 AE
631.800
Transmitter switch settings (AE in the
illustration) - these are the correct switch settings for the
frequency switches on your transmitter - see your transmitter instructions.
Frequency - Press the Select Up and Select Down
buttons to change the frequency of the receiver. Be
certain to change the transmitter switches to match the
settings shown in the upper right hand corner.
8
This window shows the transmitter
TX 7.2V
(TX) and receiver (RX) battery
voltage in tenth volt increments.
RX 8.2V
These levels will flash when the
voltages drop below suggested
optimum working levels. Typically, there will be about one
hour operating time remaining after the indicators begin to
flash. The RX voltage changes to EX when operating on
external power and displays the external power source
voltage. (Disclaimer: We don’t guarantee 0.1 Volt accuracy.)
UHF Wireless Digital HybridTM Receiver
SETUP WINDOW
In the SETUP window, the UP and
DOWN buttons scroll through a list of
SETUP
five possible destinations: EXIT,
EXIT
LEVEL, TONE, TXBAT and PHASE
INVERT. Each of these destinations
allows a variety of settings to customize the receiver
operating parameters. Press MENU at the screen shown
here to return to the main window.
The LEVEL setup screen shows the
audio output level of the receiver in
dBu. Use the UP or DOWN buttons to
change the level. Range is from -50
to +5 dBu in 1dB steps. Press MENU
to leave this screen.
LEVEL
-50 dBu
The TONE setup screen enables an
audio test tone at the receiver output
TONE?
for precise level matching with other
00 dBu
equipment. The first screen prompts
you to press the UP button to enable
the tone at the receiver output jack.
The next screen that appears allows
LVL 1K
the level to be adjusted in 1dB steps
+04 dBu
using the UP and DOWN buttons.
When the audio test tone is enabled,
the received audio is muted and an internally generated
1kHz test tone is routed to the XLR connector. Since
there is only one audio output level setting for both
received audio and tone, the level set here will be retained
in the receive mode (it will supersede the setting made in
the LEVEL setup screen). The test tone has 1% distortion
and is intended for confirmation of output levels only. To
exit the test tone screen and stop the tone press the
MENU button.
The TXBAT setup screen allows you
TXBAT
to select the exact battery being used
9V
ALK
in the transmitter to provide more
accurate battery level monitoring.
Four different types of batteries are
commonly used in Lectrosonics transmitters: 9 Volt
alkaline, 9 Volt lithium, AA alkaline, and AA lithium.
Correctly set, this will ensure that adequate warning will
be provided in advance of battery failure. Press MENU to
leave this screen.
The output PHASE setup screen
allows the audio output phase to be
inverted. The UP and DOWN buttons
can be used to toggle between normal
and inverted phase. Press MENU to
leave this screen.
PHASE
INVERT
The SmtNR setup screen places the
Smart Noise Reduction algorithm in
SmtNR
one of three modes. In the OFF
NORMAL
position, no noise reduction is
applied, for complete transparency. In
the NORMAL position (factory default
SmtNR
setting), a moderate amount of noise
FULL
reduction is applied, dramatically
reducing hiss with virtually no discernible side effects. In the FULL
SmtNR
position, the transparency is superior
OFF
to the Lectrosonics noise reduction
system used for many years in the
195 and 200 series systems. Try switching between the
three modes to decide what setting is correct for your
application. Refer to the Smart Noise Reduction section in
the GENERAL TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION chapter for
more detailed information about this feature.
Rio Rancho, NM – USA
9
FREQUENCY SCAN MODE
To use the integrated scanning function, press both UP/DOWN buttons and the MENU button at the same time. The
display will switch to the SCAN WINDOW and start scanning immediately. Data gathered during a scan is stored until
it is purposely erased or the power is turned off. Previous data will remain and subsequent scans can be made to
search for additional signals or to accumulate higher peaks.
Scan
u
en
ny
M
A
es
Freq
Window
ss
Pr
USE OLD
USE NEW
Pre
Fine View
To Exit Scan
Mode, Press All 3
Buttons From Any
Window.
B8
Press All 3 Buttons
s
Bu
B8
tton
View
B8
Press Menu
SCAN & VIEW WINDOW ELEMENTS
Cursor - shows relative
position of the scanner
within the 25Mhz band of
the receiver.
Switch Settings - shows the
transmitter switch settings will change rapidly while
the unit is scanning.
FINE VIEW WINDOW ELEMENTS
Cursor (center bar)
Transmitter
Switch Settings
B8
Scan level
indications showing
relative level
of RF activity
across the 25MHz
bandwidth of the receiver.
B8
Remaining unscanned
part of band.
To stop scanning, press the MENU button once. The
scanning will stop immediately, and the display will switch
to the VIEW window. In this window, each vertical band
of the display represents 8 frequencies (800kHz). Pressing the UP or DOWN buttons will scroll the cursor
coarsely across the tuning range. The transmitter switch
settings matching the frequency indicated by the cursor
are shown in the upper right corner of the screen.
Spectrum data is collected only when the receiver is
scanning. Successive scanning with repeated passes
through the tuning range will accumulate the highest
peaks encountered to aid in finding clear frequencies. To
clear the scan memory without leaving scan mode, turn
the power switch off and back on quickly.
Pressing the MENU button once will shift the display to
the FINE VIEW window which will show an expanded
portion of the spectrum around the cursor.
In the FINE VIEW window, each vertical band represents
one frequency the UCR411 is capable of tuning. The
upper right corner shows the transmitter switch settings
for the frequency indicated by the cursor. In this screen,
a vertical center bar is the cursor. Underneath the switch
settings are two arrows to remind you that this is a partial
picture of the spectrum and that you can scroll left or right
to view the entire spectrum of the receiver by pressing
the UP and DOWN buttons.
10
RF Level indicators
SCROLL reminders
Pressing the UP button will make the display scroll left,
showing higher frequencies. Pressing the DOWN button
will make the display scroll right, showing lower frequencies. The cursor remains in place while the display
scrolls left or right
In addition to assessing the congestion within the RF
tuning range of the receiver, the scanning mode is also
used to find a clear operating frequency. Scroll through
the screen and find a frequency where no RF signals are
present (or in the worst case, only very weak RF signals). With the cursor on this frequency, press the UP,
DOWN and MENU buttons at the same time to leave the
scan mode.
When leaving the scan mode, you are given the option of
using the frequency the unit was on before entering the
scan mode, or using the frequency just selected in the
scan mode. The display shows USE OLD and USE
NEW to prompt you to make a frequency selection. To
accept the new frequency just selected in the scan
mode, press the DOWN button for USE NEW. To return
to the frequency you were using before entering the scan
mode, press the UP button for USE OLD. (The MENU
button defaults to USE OLD).
Once you leave the scan mode, the Frequency Window
will be displayed. Set your transmitter switches to the
same settings as shown on the display and your system
will be ready for operation.
UHF Wireless Digital HybridTM Receiver
ANTENNA USE AND PLACEMENT
The receiver is supplied with two straight BNC antennas.
In some circumstances remote antennas such as the
SNA600 or ALP700 may be useful for improving reception. Position remote antennas at least three or four feet
apart and so that they are also not within 3 or 4 feet of
large metal surfaces. If this is not possible, try to position the antennas so that they are as far away from the
metal surface as is practical. It is also good to position
the receiver so that there is a direct “line of sight” between the transmitter and the receiver antenna. In
situations where the operating range is less than about
100 feet, the antenna positioning is much less critical.
The antennas can also be configured with one whip
mounted directly onto the panel of the receiver, and the
other one mounted remotely.
other a cancellation may occur. The result would be a
“dropout.” A dropout sounds like either audible noise
(hiss), or in severe cases, may result in a complete loss
of the carrier and the sound when the transmitter is
positioned in certain locations. A UHF dropout normally
sounds like a very brief “hiss” or a “swishing” sound.
Moving the transmitter even a few inches will change the
sound of the dropout, or eliminate it. A dropout situation
may be either better or worse as the crowd fills and/or
leaves the room, or when the transmitter or receiver is
operated in a different location.
The receiver offers a sophisticated diversity design which
overcomes dropout problems in almost any situation. In
the event, however, that you do encounter a dropout
problem, first try moving the receiver at least 3 or 4 feet
from where it was. This may alleviate the dropout
problem at that location. If dropouts are still a problem,
try moving the unit to an entirely different location in the
room or moving the receiver in closer to the transmitter
location.
Be careful about the length of cabling from antenna to
receiver. Long cable runs can have serious signal loss.
Lectrosonics has in-line RF amplifiers suitable for
compensating for long cable runs. Contact your dealer or
the factory for more information.
A wireless transmitter sends a radio signal out in all
directions. This signal will often bounce off nearby walls,
ceilings, etc. and a strong reflection can arrive at the
receiver antenna along with the direct signal. If the
direct and reflected signals are out of phase with each
Lectrosonics transmitters radiate power very efficiently,
and the receivers are very sensitive. This reduces
dropouts to an insignificant level. If, however, you do
encounter dropouts frequently, call the factory or consult
your dealer. There is probably a simple solution.
REFLECTIVE SURFACE
IND
IRE
CT
SIG
NA
L
SIGNAL
T
C
E
R
I
D
RECEIVER
DIRECT SIGNAL
TRANSMITTER
INDIRECT SIGNAL
PHASE
CANCELLATION
MULTI-PATH DROPOUT
Rio Rancho, NM – USA
11
INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
1. Install batteries or connect the power cord.
2. Attach the antennas.
3. Turn the unit on. Check to see that the LCD display panel activates.
4. Set the frequency to match the transmitter frequency switch setting. See page 7.
5. Turn transmitter on and verify that an RF signal is being indicated on the LCD screen. See page 6.
6. Connect the audio cable to the audio output XLR.
7. Adjust the transmitter gain. THIS IS PERHAPS THE MOST IMPORTANT STEP IN THE SET UP PROCEDURE.
See your transmitter manual (Operating Instructions section) for details on how to adjust the transmitter gain. In
general, adjust the transmitter gain so that the voice peaks will cause the audio modulation Level display on the
front of the receiver and transmitter to show full modulation on the loudest peak audio levels. Normal levels
should cause the audio level icon to fluctuate fully (see page 6). This will result in the best possible signal to
noise ratio for the system.
A common mistake at this point is to use the transmitter audio gain control to set the overall audio level of the
entire audio system. The transmitter gain control is not a volume control and must be set independently of the
overall system audio level. The transmitter gain control is only used to set the proper modulation of the transmitter. To explain it another way, it is used to match the transmitter to the type of microphone and the sound levels
that will be present at that microphone. We encourage users to either disconnect the rest of the sound system or
turn the sound system gain way down to prevent feedback or overload as the transmitter gain is set. That way,
feedback from the sound system or overload of other equipment does not get in the way of setting the transmitter
gain properly. Only after the transmitter gain control is set should the gain of the rest of the audio system be
adjusted to achieve the desired sound or signal levels.
8. Adjust the audio output level to match the required input level of the connected device (camera, mixer, recorder,
etc.). Use the LEVEL or TONE setup screen under the LEVEL WINDOW menu and adjust the output level with
the Up and Down buttons. The adjustment range is from -50dBu to +5dBu in 1dB steps.
The test tone output is especially useful for an exact level match. With the test tone running, adjust for the
maximum desired peak level using the metering on the connected device.
Output
Level
Adjust
25V
Non-Polar
Caps
XLR
OUT
50
2 (HI)
5K
AUDIO
AMP
1 (COMMON)
5K
50
3 (LO)
UCR411 Simplified Audio Output Circuit
UCR411 REPLACEMENT PARTS AND ACCESSORIES
Part No.
Description
32251
Velcro mounting strips
CCMINI
Zippered, padded vinyl system pouch
CH12
AC power supply
VSR1
Thin velcro loop for power cable strain relief.
A8U
UHF marine phosphor bronze antenna - straight connector, specify block.
12
UHF Wireless Digital HybridTM Receiver
TROUBLESHOOTING
POWER SUPPLY AND FUSE
ANTENNAS AND RF SIGNAL STRENGTH
LCD display not active or lit.
• External power supply disconnected or
inadequate.
• Main power supply fuse tripped. Turn the
receiver off, remove the cause of the overload
and turn the receiver back on.
• Wrong polarity power source. The external DC
in requires POSITIVE to be on the center pin.
• Battery may be low. Try a fresh battery
PILOT TONE SQUELCH
PILOT indicator is solid “P”, but no sound
• Audio output cable bad or disconnected.
• Audio Output level set too low. Use the built-in
test tone to verify levels.
PILOT “P” keeps flashing when transmitter audio
switch is turned on
• Pilot tone detection can take several seconds.
Turn on the transmitter power (and the audio
switch on some models) and wait 3 to 5
seconds for the “P” to indicate steadily.
• Transmitter and receiver not on same
frequency.
Noise on audio and Pilot indicator is “b”.
• The pilot tone bypass has been activated. Hold
MENU and press UP to reset (works only from
the Main Window).
NOTE:
The PILOT indicator on the front panel shows as a solid
“P” to indicate that the audio has been turned on at the
transmitter, and that the audio output on the receiver is
enabled. When the “P” is on, the audio is enabled. If the
“P” is flashing the pilot tone is not detected and the audio
will be muted (squelched).
When the pilot tone is bypassed, the “P” icon changes to
a “b” shape.
RF Level is weak.
• Receiver may need to be moved or reoriented.
• Antenna on transmitter may be defective or
poorly connected - double check antenna on
transmitter.
• Improper length of antenna, or wrong antenna
on transmitter or receiver. UHF whip antennas
are generally about 3 to 5 inches long. UHF
helical antennas may be shorter, but are often
less efficient.
No RF Signal
• Make certain frequency switches on transmitter
match the receiver frequency setting.
• Check battery in transmitter
AUDIO SIGNAL QUALITY
Poor signal to noise ratio
• Transmitter gain set too low
• The noise may not be in the wireless system.
Turn the transmitter audio gain all the way
down and see if the noise remains. If the noise
remains, then turn the power off at the
transmitter and see if it remains. If the noise is
still present, then the problem is not in the
transmitter.
• If noise is still present when the transmitter is
turned off, try lowering the audio output level
on the UCR411 and see if the noise lowers
correspondingly. If the noise remains, the
problem is not in the receiver.
• Receiver output is too low for the input of the
device it is feeding. Try increasing the output
level of the UCR411 and lowering the input
gain on the device the UCR411 is feeding.
Distortion
• Transmitter input gain too high. Check and/or
readjust input gain on transmitter according to
the LEDs on the transmitter and then verify the
setting with the audio meter in the main window.
• Audio output level too high for the device the
UCR411 is feeding. Lower the output level of
the UCR411.
Rio Rancho, NM – USA
13
SPECIFICATIONS AND FEATURES
Operating Frequencies (MHz):
Block 21:
Block 22:
Block 23:
and
Block 24:
Block 25:
537.600
563.200
588.800
614.100
614.400
640.000
-
563.100
588.700
607.900
614.300
639.900
665.500
Block 26:
Block 27:
Block 28:
Block 29:
Block 30:
Block 31:
665.600
691.200
716.800
742.400
768.000
793.600
-
691.100
716.700
742.300
767.900
793.500
805.600
Frequency Adjustment Range:
25.5 MHz in 100kHz steps
Receiver Type:
Frequency Stability:
Triple conversion, superheterodyne, 244MHz , 10.7MHz and 300kHz
±0.001 %
Front end bandwidth:
Sensitivity
20 dB Sinad:
60 dB Quieting:
±5.5MHz @ -3dB
Squelch quieting:
AM rejection:
Greater than 100 dB
Greater than 60 dB, 2 uV to 1 Volt (Undetectable after processing)
Modulation acceptance:
Image and spurious rejection:
85 kHz
85dB
Third order intercept:
Diversity method:
+8 dBm
Phased antenna combining - SmartDiversityTM
FM Detector:
Antenna inputs:
Digital Pulse Counting Detector operating at 300kHz
Dual BNC female, 50 Ohm impedance
Audio outputs
Rear Panel XLR:
Front Panel Controls and Indicators:
0.9 uV (-108 dBm), A weighted
1.12 uV (-105 dBm), A weighted
Adjustable from -50dBu to +5dBu in 1 dB steps. Calibrated into a typical 10k Ohm balanced load.
Can drive 600 Ohm load.
LCD control panel - menus include:
Main window:
Frequency window:
Pilot tone; antenna phase, receiver battery level; transmitter battery level; audio level, RF level
Frequency, TV channel; Transmitter switch setting
Audio output level adjustment:
Battery level tracking:
-50dBu to +5dBu
Both transmitter and receiver in 1/10th volt steps, accuracy +/- 0.2V.
Scanning mode:
Audio test tone:
Coarse and fine modes for RF spectrum site scanning
1kHz, -50dBu to +5dBu output, < 1% THD
Transmitter battery type selection:
Phase invert:
SmartNR (noise reduction):
Audio Performance (overall system):
Frequency Response:
THD:
SNR at receiver output (dB):
Input Dynamic Range:
Rear Panel Controls and features:
Power Options:
Ext DC:
Int Batt:
Battery Life:
9V alkaline
9V lithium
Weight:
Dimensions:
9V alkaline, 9V lithium, AA alkaline, AA lithium
Audio output phase normal or inverted
OFF, NORMAL, FULL modes
32 Hz to 20 kHz (+/- 1dB)
0.2% (typical)
SmartNR
OFF
NORMAL
FULL
no limiting
103.5
107.0
108.5
w/ limiting
108.0
111.5
113.0
125 dB (with full Tx limiting)
XLR audio output jack; External DC input; Battery compartment access
Minimum 10 Volts to maximum 18 Volts DC; 1.6 W, 180 mA at 12VDC
9V alkaline or lithium (165 mA @ 9V, 240mA @ 6V)
6 to 8 hours continuous, up to 12 hours intermittent
Up to 20 hours (continuous and intermittent usage are the same)
14 oz. with batteries
3.23" wide x 1.25" high x 4.64" deep
Specifications subject to change without notice
14
UHF Wireless Digital HybridTM Receiver
SERVICE AND REPAIR
If your system malfunctions, you should attempt to correct or isolate the trouble before concluding that the equipment
needs repair. Make sure you have followed the setup procedure and operating instructions. Check out the interconnecting cords and then go through the TROUBLESHOOTING section in the manual
We strongly recommend that you do not try to repair the equipment yourself and do not have the local repair shop
attempt anything other than the simplest repair. If the repair is more complicated than a broken wire or loose connection, send the unit to the factory for repair and service. Don’t attempt to adjust any controls inside the units.
Once set at the factory, the various controls and trimmers do not drift with age or vibration and never require readjustment. There are no adjustments inside that will make a malfunctioning unit start working.
LECTROSONICS’ service department is equipped and staffed to quickly repair your equipment. In warranty repairs
are made at no charge in accordance with the terms of the warranty. Out of warranty repairs are charged at a
modest flat rate plus parts and shipping. Since it takes almost as much time and effort to determine what is wrong
as it does to make the repair, there is a charge for an exact quotation. We will be happy to quote approximate
charges by phone for out of warranty repairs.
RETURNING UNITS FOR REPAIR
You will save yourself time and trouble if you will follow the steps below:
A. DO NOT return equipment to the factory for repair without first contacting us by letter or by phone. We need to
know the nature of the problem, the model number and the serial number of the equipment. We also need a phone
number where you can be reached 8 am to 4 pm (Mountain Standard Time).
B. After receiving your request, we will issue you a return authorization number (R.A.). This number will help speed
your repair through our receiving and repair departments. The return authorization number must be clearly shown
on the outside of the shipping container.
C. Pack the equipment carefully and ship to us, shipping costs prepaid. If necessary, we can provide you with the
proper packing materials. UPS is usually the best way to ship the units. Heavy units should be “double-boxed” for
safe transport.
D. We also strongly recommend that you insure the equipment, since we cannot be responsible for loss of or damage
to equipment that you ship. Of course, we insure the equipment when we ship it back to you.
Mailing address:
Lectrosonics, Inc.
PO Box 15900
Rio Rancho, NM 87174
USA
Shipping address:
Lectrosonics, Inc.
581 Laser Rd.
Rio Rancho, NM 87124
USA
Web: http://www.lectrosonics.com
Telephones:
Regular: (505) 892-4501
Toll Free (800) 821-1121
FAX:
(505) 892-6243
E-mail: sales@lectrosonics.com
Rio Rancho, NM – USA
15
LIMITEDONE
ONE YEAR
LIMITED
YEARWARRANTY
WARRANTY
The equipment is warranted for one year from date of purchase against defects in
materials or workmanship provided it was purchased from an authorized dealer. This
warranty does not cover equipment which has been abused or damaged by careless
handling or shipping. This warranty does not apply to used or demonstrator equipment.
Should any defect develop, Lectrosonics, Inc. will, at our option, repair or replace any
defective parts without charge for either parts or labor. If Lectrosonics, Inc. cannot
correct the defect in your equipment, it will be replaced at no charge with a similar new
item. Lectrosonics, Inc. will pay for the cost of returning your equipment to you.
This warranty applies only to items returned to Lectrosonics, Inc. or an authorized
dealer, shipping costs prepaid, within one year from the date of purchase.
This Limited Warranty is governed by the laws of the State of New Mexico. It states the
entire liablility of Lectrosonics Inc. and the entire remedy of the purchaser for any
breach of warranty as outlined above. NEITHER LECTROSONICS, INC. NOR
ANYONE INVOLVED IN THE PRODUCTION OR DELIVERY OF THE EQUIPMENT
SHALL BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, CONSEQUENTIAL,
OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE
THIS EQUIPMENT EVEN IF LECTROSONICS, INC. HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE LIABILITY OF
LECTROSONICS, INC. EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF ANY DEFECTIVE
EQUIPMENT.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may have additional legal rights which
vary from state to state.
LECTROSONICS, INC.
581 LASER ROAD
RIO RANCHO, NM 87124 USA
www.lectrosonics.com
November 27, 2002
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising