R 1200 GS Adventure

R 1200 GS Adventure
!
"
# $
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarize yourself with your new
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
value.
If you have any questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer
is always happy to provide advice
and assistance.
We wish you many miles of safe
and enjoyable riding
BMW Motorrad.
Table of Contents
You can also use the index at the
end of this Rider's Manual to find
a specific topic.
1 General instructions . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and
symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2 Overviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General view, left side . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . 13
Left handlebar fitting . . . . . . . . 14
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . 16
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3 Status indicators . . . . . . .
Standard displays . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays with onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays with Tire Pressure
Control TPC/RDC . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning indicators of onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ABS warning indicators . . . . .
ASC warning indicators . . . . .
TPC/RDC warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-theft alarm warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
22
4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition switch and steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic immobilizer
EWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer and
tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
23
24
24
29
31
33
36
42
46
47
48
49
Onboard computer . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Pressure Control TPC/
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard warning flashers . . . . .
Emergency ON/OFF
switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating heated handlebar
grips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Stability Control
ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
54
54
56
56
57
57
58
59
61
61
62
62
63
64
65
65
67
Electronic suspension adjustment ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . .
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . .
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Offroad riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking your motorcycle . . . .
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securing motorcycle for
transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 Technology in
detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake system with BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS . . . . . .
Engine management with
BMW Motorrad ASC . . . . . . . .
Tire Pressure Control TPC/
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
70
70
71
73
75
76
78
78
81
82
83
84
84
86
87
88
90
92
Electronic suspension adjustment ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . . . .
Onboard sockets . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . .
Onboard toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rims and Tires . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front wheel stand . . . . . . . . .
Lamps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
96
96
97
99
103
104
104
105
106
111
112
112
118
120
127
129
131
9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protective wax coating . . . .
Storing motorcycle . . . . . . . .
Returning motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
135
136
10 Technical data . . . . . .
Troubleshooting chart . . . . .
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . .
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . .
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical system . . . . . . . . . .
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
140
141
143
144
145
146
146
147
147
148
149
150
152
136
136
137
138
138
138
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Riding specifications . . . . . . 153
11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting safety
defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Mobility
Services - onsite breakdown service . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of service . . . .
155
156
157
157
157
158
158
159
164
General instructions
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . 6
1
5
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . . . . 7
General instructions
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
z
1
General instructions
6
z
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual will provide you with an initial
overview of your motorcycle. All
maintenance and repair work carried out on your motorcycle will
be documented in Chapter 11.
Proof of the maintenance work
performed is a prerequisite for
generous treatment of claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manual; it is an important part of the
motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings that you
must comply with for reasons of your safety and the safety of others, and to protect your
motorcycle against damage.
Special information on operating and inspecting your
motorcycle as well as maintenance and adjustment procedures.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
OE
Optional equipment
The motorcycles are assembled complete with
all the BMW optional extras originally ordered.
OA
Optional accessories
BMW optional accessories can be purchased
and installed at your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a page with
more detailed information.
EWS Electronic immobilizer.
Indicates the end of accessory or equipmentdependent information.
ABS
Tightening torque.
DWA Anti-theft alarm.
ASC Automatic Stability Control.
ESA
Technical data.
Anti-Lock Brake System.
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment
Electronic suspension
adjustment.
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various
items of custom equipment. This
Rider's Manual describes optional
equipment (OE) offered by BMW
and selected optional accessories
(OA). This explains why the manual may also contain descriptions
of equipment which you have not
ordered. Please note, too, that
your motorcycle might not be exactly as illustrated in this manual
on account of country-specific
differences.
If your BMW is equipped with
options or accessories not described in this Rider's Manual,
then this equipment is described
in separate operating instructions.
Technical data
All dimensions, weights and outputs in the Rider's Manual refer
to the Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V. (DIN) and comply with
its tolerance regulations. Versions for individual countries may
differ.
Currentness of this
manual
The high safety and quality standards of BMW motorcycles are
maintained by constant development work on designs, equipment and accessories. Because
of this, your motorcycle may differ from the information supplied
in the Rider's Manual. In addition,
BMW Motorrad cannot guarantee
the total absence of errors. We
hope you will appreciate that no
claims can be entertained on the
basis of the data, illustrations or
descriptions in this manual.
1
7
General instructions
RDC Tire Pressure Control
(TPC).
z
General instructions
1
8
z
Overviews
Overviews
General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2
9
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Overviews
Left handlebar fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
z
Overviews
2
10
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Adjusting front spring
preload ( 65)
Adjusting windshield
( 61)
Headlight range adjustment (below instrument
cluster) ( 71)
Clutch fluid reservoir
( 111)
Type plate (on frame behind side cover)
Seat lock ( 71)
Onboard socket ( 96)
Adjustment of rear damping ( 67)
Engine oil level indicator
( 105)
2
11
Overviews
General view, left side
z
Overviews
2
12
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Adjuster for spring preload,
rear ( 65)
Fuel filler opening ( 84)
Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 109)
Vehicle Identification
Number (on steering-head
bearing)
Air filter (behind right side
panel) ( 127)
Engine oil fill location
( 106)
Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 110)
2
13
Overviews
General view, right side
z
2
Left handlebar fitting
1
Overviews
14
z
2
3
4
5
Operating odometer
( 49)
Operating clock ( 48)
with onboard computer OE
Operating onboard computer ( 51)
with additional headlight OE
Operating additional headlights ( 55)
with BMW Motorrad Integral ABS II OE
ABS operation ( 58)
with Automatic Stability
Control OE
Operating ASC ( 59)
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Operating ESA ( 68)
Horn
7
Flashing turn indicators,
left ( 56)
Hazard warning flashers
( 56)
Headlight flasher and highbeam headlight ( 55)
2
15
Overviews
6
z
2
Overviews
16
z
Handlebar fitting, right
1
2
3
4
5
Emergency ON/OFF
switch ( 57)
Starter button ( 78)
with heated handlebar
grips OE
Heated hand grip operation
( 57)
Flashing turn indicators,
right ( 56)
Hazard warning flashers
( 56)
Turn indicators off ( 56)
Hazard warning flashers off
( 56)
1
2
3
4
Rider's Manual (US Model)
Battery ( 131)
Onboard toolkit
Payload table (in tool tray)
Tire inflation pressure table
(in tool tray)
Helmet holder ( 73)
2
17
Overviews
Underneath seat
z
2
18
Instrument cluster
1
2
3
Overviews
4
5
z
6
Speedometer
Tachometer
Indicator lights ( 22)
Warning lamps ( 24)
Multifunction display
( 22)
Ambient brightness sensor
(for brightness adjustment
of instrument lighting)
with anti-theft alarm OE
Anti-theft alarm indicator
light (see anti-theft alarm
operating instructions)
Operating odometer
( 49)
Operating clock ( 48)
The instrument-cluster
lighting has automatic day
and night switchover.
1
2
3
Low-beam headlight
High-beam headlight
Parking lights
2
19
Overviews
Headlight
z
Overviews
2
20
z
Status indicators
Status indicators
Standard displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Displays with onboard computer . . . . 23
3
21
Standard warning indicators . . . . . . . . 24
Warning indicators of onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
ABS warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
ASC warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
TPC/RDC warning indicators . . . . . . . . 36
Anti-theft alarm warning
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Status indicators
Displays with Tire Pressure Control
TPC/RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
z
3
Standard displays
Indicator lights
Status indicators
22
z
Gear indicator
The gear engaged or N
for neutral appears on the
display.
Multifunction display
If no gear is engaged, the
'neutral' indicator light also
lights up.
Engine temperature
display
1
1
2
3
4
5
Gear indicator ( 22)
Clock ( 48)
Engine temperature display
( 22)
Odometer and tripmeters
( 49)
Fuel fill level indicator
( 22)
2
3
4
Flashing turn indicators,
left
High-beam headlight
Idling
Flashing turn indicators,
right
Fuel fill level indicator
The horizontal bars under
the gas pump symbol indicated the remaining fuel quantity.
When the fuel in the tank is
topped up the gauge briefly
shows the original level, before
the reading is updated.
The lateral bars under the
temperature symbol show
the engine temperature level.
If the time remaining until the
next service lies within a month,
the service date 1 is briefly displayed following the pre-ride
check. In this example the display means "March 2010".
If the motorcycle is driven long
distances annually, it is possible
that earlier service is required. If
the odometer reading for the earlier service lies within 621 miles
(1000 km), the remaining miles
(kilometers) 2 are counted down
in 62-mile (100-km) steps and
briefly displayed following the
pre-ride check.
If the service interval has been
exceeded, the general warning
light also lights up yellow in addition to the date or mileage display. The Service lettering is displayed continuously.
If the service display
appears more than a month
before the service date, the
stored date must be adjusted
in the instrument cluster. This
situation can occur if the battery
has been disconnected for a
longer time.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer, for setting of
the date.
Displays with onboard
computer
with onboard computer OE
3
23
Status indicators
Service display
z
Standard warning
indicators
24
Display
Status indicators
3
z
1
Onboard computer display
area ( 51)
Displays with Tire
Pressure Control TPC/
RDC
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
1
Display of tire inflation
pressures ( 54)
The tire inflation pressures
are shown temperaturecompensated (see the chapter
"Technology in Detail").
Warnings are indicated by the
'General' warning light 1 showing in combination with a warning
word, for example 2 or with one
of the warning symbols 3. The
'General' warning light shows red
or yellow, depending on the urgency of the warning.
If several warnings are active, all
corresponding warning lights and
warning symbol are displayed;
warnings are shown alternately.
3
25
Status indicators
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
z
3
26
Overview of warning indicators
Warning light
Displays
Lights up yellow
EWS ! appears on
Meaning
Electronic immobilizer is active (
27)
the display
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
FUEL ! appears
Fuel down to reserve (
27)
on the display
Lights up yellow
appears on the display
Engine in emergency-operation mode
( 27)
Flashes red
appears on the display
Engine oil pressure insufficient (
Lights up red
appears on the display
Battery charge current insufficient
( 28)
Lights up yellow
LAMPR ! appears
Rear bulb defective (
z
28)
on the display
LAMPF ! appears
Front bulb defective (
on the display
Lights up yellow
LAMPS ! appears
on the display
Bulbs defective (
29)
29)
28)
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
EWS ! appears on the display.
Possible cause:
The key being used is not authorized for starting, or communication between the key and engine
electronics is disrupted.
Remove other motorcycle keys
from the ignition key ring.
Use the reserve key.
Have the defective key replaced, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Fuel down to reserve
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
FUEL ! appears on the display.
A fuel shortage can lead to
misfiring and to the engine
dying unexpectedly. Misfiring can
damage the catalytic converter,
and the engine dying unexpected
can lead to accidents.
Do not drive until the fuel tank is
completely empty.
Possible cause:
At the most, the fuel tank still
contains the reserve fuel quantity.
Reserve fuel quantity
Approx. 1.1 gal (Approx. 4 l)
Refueling ( 84).
Engine in emergencyoperation mode
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
The engine symbol is displayed.
The engine is in the emergency operating mode. It
is possible that the full engine
output and speed range may not
be available, which can cause
dangerous driving situations, particularly for passing maneuvers.
Adapt your driving style to
the possibly reduced engine
performance.
Possible cause:
The engine control unit has diagnosed a fault. In exceptional
cases, the engine stops and can
no longer be started. Otherwise,
the engine runs in the emergency operating mode.
Continued driving is possible,
however the accustomed engine performance may not be
available.
Avoid high load and engine
speed ranges if possible.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
3
27
Status indicators
Electronic immobilizer is
active
z
3
28
Engine oil pressure
insufficient
The general warning light
flashes red.
Status indicators
The oil can symbol is displayed.
z
The oil pressure in the lubricating
oil circuit is too low. Stop immediately and switch off engine.
The warning on insufficient
engine oil pressure is no
substitute for the function of
an oil-level indicator. The correct engine oil level can only be
checked on the engine oil level
indicator.
Possible cause:
The engine oil level is too low.
Checking engine oil level
( 105).
If oil level is too low:
Top up engine oil.
Possible cause:
The engine oil pressure is insufficient.
Driving with insufficient engine oil pressure can result
in engine damage.
Do not continue driving.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Battery charge current
insufficient
The general warning light
lights up red.
The battery symbol is displayed.
A discharged battery leads
to the failure of various motorcycle systems, e.g. lighting,
engine or ABS. This can result in
dangerous driving situations.
If possible, do not continue
driving.
The battery is not being charged.
If you continue driving, the vehicle electronics will discharge the
battery.
Possible cause:
Alternator or alternator belt defective
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Rear bulb defective
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
LAMPR ! appears on the display.
Possible cause:
Taillight or brake light bulb defective.
The diode tail light must be replaced. Please contact a spe-
Bulbs defective
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
Front bulb defective
LAMPS ! appears on the dis-
LAMPF ! appears on the dis-
play.
play.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Possible cause:
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight, parking light or turn
signal bulb defective.
Replacing low-beam/high-beam
bulb ( 120).
Replacing parking light bulb
( 122).
Replacing front and rear turn
indicator bulbs ( 123).
Possible cause:
A combination of several bulb
defects is present.
See the fault descriptions
above.
Warning indicators of
onboard computer
3
Display
29
with onboard computer OE
Warnings of the onboard computer are indicated with one of
the symbols 1.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Status indicators
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
z
3
30
Overview of warning indicators
Warning light
Displays
appears on the display
Meaning
Engine oil level too low (
Status indicators
Check Oil is
z
indicated
appears on the display
Ice warning (
31)
31)
The oil level symbol is displayed.
Check Oil is indicated.
Possible cause:
The electronic oil level sensor
has detected a low engine oil
level. During the next refueling
stop:
Checking engine oil level
( 105).
If oil level is too low:
Topping up engine oil ( 106).
If the oil level is correct:
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Ice warning
The ice crystal symbol is
displayed.
Possible cause:
The ambient temperature measured at the motorcycle is lower
than 37 °F (3 °C).
The ice warning does not
mean that there is no risk
of black ice forming at measured
temperatures above 37 °F (3 °C).
At low outside temperatures,
black ice must especially be expected on bridges and in shady
road areas.
Think well ahead when driving.
ABS warning
indicators
Display
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
3
31
ABS warnings are indicated by
the ABS warning light 1.
In some countries an alternative
display of the ABS warning light
is possible.
Possible country-dependent
versions.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
provided from page ( 88); an
overview of the possible warnings
is provided on the following page.
Status indicators
Engine oil level too low
z
3
Status indicators
32
z
Overview of warning indicators
Warning light
Displays
Meaning
Flashes
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Lights up
ABS deactivated (
Lights up
ABS error (
33)
33)
33)
The ABS warning light
flashes.
Possible cause:
The ABS function is not available, because the self-diagnosis has not been completed. To
check the wheel sensors, the
motorcycle must be driven a few
yards.
Ride off slowly. It must be noted that the ABS function is not
available until the self-diagnosis
has been completed.
ABS deactivated
The ABS warning light
lights up.
Possible cause:
The ABS system has been deactivated by the driver.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
Switching on ABS function
( 59).
ABS error
ASC warning
indicators
3
Display
33
with Automatic Stability Control OE
The ABS warning light
lights up.
Possible cause:
The ABS control unit has detected an error. The ABS function is
not available.
Continued driving is possible
while taking the failed ABS
function into account. Observe
additional information on situations which can lead to an ABS
error ( 89).
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC warnings are shown with
the ASC symbol 2 or by the
offroad ASC symbol 3 in conjunction with the general warning
light 1.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad ASC is provided
from page ( 90); an overview
of the possible warnings is provided on the following page.
Status indicators
Self-diagnosis not
completed
z
3
Status indicators
34
Overview of warning indicators
Warning light
Displays
Meaning
Flashes rapidly yellow
appears on the display
ASC intervention (
Flashes rapidly yellow
appears on the display
Offroad ASC intervention (
Flashes slowly
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Flashes slowly
Self-diagnosis not ended in offroad
mode ( 35)
appears on the display
ASC deactivated (
appears on the display
ASC error (
z
Lights up yellow
36)
35)
36)
35)
35)
The general warning light
rapidly flashes yellow.
The ASC symbol is displayed.
The ASC has detected instability at the rear wheel and has
reduced the torque. The warning light flashes longer than the
duration of the ASC intervention.
As a result, the driver is provided
with optical feedback on the regulation carried out even after the
critical driving situation.
Offroad ASC intervention
The general warning light
rapidly flashes yellow.
The offroad ASC symbol is
displayed.
The offroad ASC has detected
instability at the rear wheel and
has reduced the torque. The
warning light flashes longer than
the ASC intervention lasts. As a
result, the driver is provided with
optical feedback on the regulation carried out even after the
critical driving situation.
Self-diagnosis not
completed
The ASC symbol flashes
slowly.
Possible cause:
The ABS function is not available, because the self-diagnosis has not been completed. To
check the wheel sensors, the
motorcycle must be driven at
least 3 mph (5 km/h) for several
meters.
Ride off slowly. The ASC
warning light must go out after
a few meters.
If the ASC warning light continues to flash:
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
3
35
Self-diagnosis not ended
in offroad mode
The offroad ASC symbol
flashes slowly.
Possible cause:
The ABS function is not available, because the self-diagnosis has not been completed. To
check the wheel sensors, the
motorcycle must be driven at
least 3 mph (5 km/h) for several
meters.
Ride off slowly. The ASC
warning light must go out after
a few meters.
If the ASC warning light continues to flash:
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Status indicators
ASC intervention
z
3
Status indicators
36
z
ASC deactivated
The ASC symbol is displayed.
serve additional information on
situations which can lead to an
ASC error ( 91).
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Possible cause:
The ASC system has been deactivated by the driver.
with Automatic Stability Control OE
Activating ASC function
( 60).
TPC/RDC warning
indicators
ASC error
Display
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
The ASC symbol is displayed.
Possible cause:
The ASC control unit has detected an error. The ASC function
and the offroad ASC function are
not available.
Continued driving is possible.
It must be noted that the ASC
function is not available. Ob-
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
The displayed tire inflation pressures refer to a tire temperature
of 68 °F (20 °C) ( 92).
The warning symbol 2 signals
a critical tire inflation pressure
shown as flashing in the display.
If the critical value is at the limit
of the permissible tolerance, the
general warning light 1 also lights
up in yellow. If the determined
tire inflation pressure is outside
the permissible tolerance, the
general warning light 1 flashes in
red.
The inflation pressures of the
front wheel 3 and the rear
wheel 4 are shown. The inflation
pressure of the front wheel
flashes in the illustration, as it has
reached a critical value.
3
37
Status indicators
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad TPC/RDC is
provided from page ( 92); an
overview of the possible warnings
is provided on the following page.
z
3
Status indicators
38
Overview of warning indicators
Warning light
Displays
Lights up yellow
Meaning
Tire symbol appears on the display
Tire inflation pressure in limit area of
permissible tolerance ( 40)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
Flashes red
Tire symbol appears on the display
Tire inflation pressure outside permissible tolerance ( 40)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
z
"--" or "-is indicated
Lights up yellow
--"
Tire symbol appears on the display
"--" or "-is indicated
--"
Transmission error (
40)
Sensor defective or system fault (
41)
Lights up yellow
Displays
RDC! is indicated
Meaning
Battery of tire-inflation pressure sensor
weak ( 41)
3
39
Status indicators
Warning light
z
3
Status indicators
40
z
Tire inflation pressure in
limit area of permissible
tolerance
Tire inflation pressure
outside permissible
tolerance
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
The general warning light
flashes red.
The tire symbol is displayed.
The tire symbol is displayed.
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
Possible cause:
The measured tire inflation pressure is in the limit area of the
permissible tolerance.
Correct tire inflation pressure in
accordance with instructions on
back of cover of Rider's Manual.
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
Possible cause:
The measured tire inflation pressure is outside the permissible
tolerance.
Check tire for damage and
drivability.
If it is still possible to drive with
tire:
Before adjusting the tire inflation pressure, observe
the information on temperature
compensation and on inflation
pressure adjustment in the chapter "Technology in detail".
Incorrect tire inflation pressure result in poorer handling of the motorcycle.
Always adapt your driving style
to the incorrect tire inflation
pressure.
Correct tire inflation pressure at
next opportunity.
Before adjusting the tire inflation pressure, observe
the information on temperature
compensation and on inflation
pressure adjustment in the chapter "Technology in detail".
Have the tire checked for damage by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
If you are unsure about the drivability of the tire:
Do not continue driving.
Inform roadside service.
Have the tire checked for damage by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Transmission error
"--" or "--
--" is indicated.
Possible cause:
There is a fault in the radio connection to the TPC/RDC sensors.
Possible causes are radio systems in the surrounding area,
which interfere with the connection between the TPC/RDC control unit and the sensors.
Watch the TPC/RDC display in
another environment. A permanent fault has not occurred
until the general warning light
also lights up. In this case:
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Possible cause:
One or two TPC/RDC sensors
have failed.
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
Possible cause:
A system fault has occurred.
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
The tire symbol is displayed.
Battery of tire-inflation
pressure sensor weak
Sensor defective or
system fault
"--" or "-- --" is indicated.
Possible cause:
Wheels without installed TPC/
RDC sensors are mounted.
Retrofit wheel set with TPC/
RDC sensors.
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
RDC! is indicated.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
3
41
Status indicators
Possible cause:
The motorcycle's speed has not
exceeded the threshold of approx.19 mph (30 km/h). The
TPC/RDC sensors do not send
their signal until after this speed
has been exceeded for the first
time ( 92).
Watch TPC/RDC display at
higher speed. A permanent
fault has not occurred until the
general warning light also lights
up. In this case:
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
z
3
Status indicators
42
z
Possible cause:
The battery of the tire inflation
pressure sensor no longer has
its full capacity. The operation of
the tire inflation pressure control
is only ensured for a limited time.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Anti-theft alarm
warning indicators
Display
with anti-theft alarm OE
Anti-theft alarm warning
are shown as warnings 2 in
conjunction with the general
warning light 1 following the
pre-ride check and refer to the
capacity of the internal anti-theft
alarm battery.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Overview of warning indicators
Warning light
Displays
DWALO ! appears
3
Meaning
Anti-theft alarm battery weak (
44)
43
on the display
DWA ! appears on
the display
Anti-theft alarm battery drained (
44)
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
z
3
Status indicators
44
z
Anti-theft alarm battery
weak
DWALO ! appears on the display.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
Possible cause:
The anti-theft alarm battery no
longer has its full capacity. The
operation of the anti-theft alarm
is only ensured for a limited time
with the motorcycle battery disconnected.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Anti-theft alarm battery
drained
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
DWA ! appears on the display.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
Possible cause:
The anti-theft alarm battery has
no capacity. The operation of the
anti-theft alarm is no longer ensured with the motorcycle battery
disconnected.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Operation
Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . 46
Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Electronic immobilizer EWS . . . . . . . . . 47
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Tire Pressure Control TPC/RDC . . . . 54
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Electronic suspension adjustment
ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Emergency ON/OFF switch . . . . . . . . . 57
Operating heated handlebar
grips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS . . . . . . . 58
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Automatic Stability Control ASC . . . . 59
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
4
45
Operation
Operation
z
Ignition switch and
steering lock
46
Keys
Operation
4
z
You receive two master keys and
one spare key. If a key is lost,
please note the information on
the electronic immobilizer (EWS)
( 47).
Ignition key and steering lock,
tank filler cap lock and seat lock
are all operated with the same
key.
with aluminum case OA
with aluminum Topcase OA
The cases and the Topcase can
also be ordered with locks for
the same key on request. Please
contact a specialized workshop
for this purpose, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Switching on ignition
Turn key to position 1.
Parking lights and all function
circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 79)
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 80)
with Automatic Stability Control OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 80)
Switching off ignition
Turn key to position 2.
Light switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Electrically powered accessories remain operational for
a limited period of time.
Battery can be recharged via
onboard socket.
Locking handlebars
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
Turn handlebars to full left or
right lock position.
Turn key to position 3 while
moving handlebars slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Electronic immobilizer
EWS
The motorcycle's electronics
exchange certain continuously
changing signals with the electronics in the key; these signals
are specific to your motorcycle
and they are transmitted via the
ring antenna in the ignition lock.
The engine management system
does not enable engine starting
until the key has been detected
as "authorized" for your motorcycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ignition key used to start the engine
could "irritate" the electronics,
in which case the enabling signal for starting is not issued. The
warning EWS is shown in the
multifunction display.
Always store the spare key separately from the ignition key.
4
If you lose a key, you can have it
disabled by your BMW Motorrad
partner. For this purpose, you
have to bring along all other keys
that belong to the motorcycle.
The motor can no longer be
started using a disabled key;
however, a disabled key can be
enabled again.
Replacement and spare keys
are only available through an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
The keys are part of an integrated security system, so the retailer is under an obligation to check
the legitimacy of all applications
for replacement/extra keys.
47
Operation
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turned to the left than
with the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
z
Clock
48
Attempting to set the clock
while riding the motorcycle
can lead to accidents.
Adjust the clock only when the
motorcycle is stationary.
Operation
4
z
Setting clock
with onboard computer OE
or
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
Switch on ignition.
without onboard computer OE
without Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
Press button 2 repeatedly until
clock is shown.
Press button 1 or button 2 repeatedly until total mileage is
shown.
Press and hold button until
hours 3 flash.
Press button repeatedly until
desired hours are shown.
Press and hold button until
minutes 4 flash.
Press button repeatedly until
desired minutes are shown.
Press and hold button until
minutes no longer flash.
Setting is completed.
Selecting readings
Switch on ignition.
without onboard computer OE
without Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
with onboard computer OE
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
Press button 1.
Press button 1 or button 2.
4
or
49
Press button repeatedly until desired value is shown in
area 3.
The following values can be displayed:
Total distance covered
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
without onboard computer OE
Operating range (after reaching
reserve level)
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on ignition.
Select desired tripmeter.
Operation
Odometer and
tripmeters
z
4
with onboard computer OE
or
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
Operation
50
without onboard computer OE
without Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
z
Press and hold button 1 or
button 2 until tripmeter has
been reset.
Press and hold button 1 until
tripmeter has been reset.
Residual range
without onboard computer OE
The operating range 1 indicates
what distance can still be driven
with the remaining fuel. It is only
displayed after the fuel reserve
is reached. This distance is calculated on the basis of fuel level
and average consumption.
When refueling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
will not be able to register the
new level. If the sensor cannot register the new level the
residual-range readout cannot be
updated.
Ambient temperature
The determined residual
range is an approximate
reading. BMW Motorrad therefore recommends that you do
not try to use the full remaining
range before refueling.
with onboard computer OE
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1 repeatedly until
desired value is shown.
The following values can be displayed in the area 2:
Clock (CLOCK)
Ambient temperature (TEMP)
Average speed (ØSPEED)
Average consumption
(ØFUEL)
Range (RANGE)
Oil level indicator (OIL)
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
Tire inflation pressures (OE) (TIP/
RDC P)
When the motorcycle is stopped,
the engine heat can falsify the
measurement of the ambient
temperature 1. If the influence
of the engine heat becomes too
great, -- is temporarily shown in
the display.
If the ambient temperature
drops below 37 °F (3 °C),
this warning of possible icingup appears. The display automatically switches from any other
mode to the temperature reading when the temperature drops
Operation
51
Onboard computer
Selecting readings
4
z
4
below this threshold for the first
time.
set by the corresponding amount
of fuel used.
52
Average speed
Resetting average
consumption
Operation
Switch on ignition.
Select average consumption.
Press and hold button 1 until
average speed has been reset.
z
Average consumption
The average speed 1 is calculated based on the elapsed
time since the last reset. Times
during which the engine was
stopped are excluded from the
calculation.
Press and hold button 1 until
average consumption has been
reset.
Resetting average speed
Switch on ignition.
Select average speed.
The average consumption 1 is
calculated by dividing the distance covered since the last re-
reason the range is only calculated while driving.
The determined range is an
approximate reading. BMW
Motorrad therefore recommends
that you do not try to use the full
range before refueling.
Oil level indicator
The functional description of the
operating range ( 50) also
applies to the range 1. However, the range can also be displayed before the fuel reserve is
reached.
To calculate the range, a special
average consumption is used,
which does not always match the
value that can be shown on the
display.
If the motorcycle is standing on
the side stand, the fuel level cannot be correctly determined due
to the inclined position. For this
The oil level indicator 1 provides
information on the oil level in the
engine. It can only be displayed
when the motorcycle is stopped.
The conditions for the oil level
indicator are as follows:
Engine at operating temperature.
Engine idling for at least ten
seconds.
Side-stand retracted.
Motorcycle is vertical.
The readings mean:
OK: Oil level correct.
CHECK: Check oil level during
next refueling stop.
---: No measurement possible
(above-mentioned conditions not
met).
If other information of the
onboard computer is displayed, this symbol continues to
be shown until the oil level is detected as correct again.
The most recently measured level is displayed for five seconds
when you next switch on the ignition.
4
53
Operation
Range
z
4
Operation
54
z
If, despite a correct oil level on the oil sight glass,
"Check oil level" appears on the
display, the oil level sensor may
be defective. In this case, please
contact your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Tire Pressure Control
TPC/RDC
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
pressure of the front wheel, and
the right-hand value the inflation
pressure of the rear wheel. Immediately after switching on the
ignition, -- -- is displayed, as
the transfer of the inflation pressure values does not begin until
a speed of 19 mph (30 km/h) is
exceeded for the first time.
Press button 1 repeatedly until tire inflation pressures are
shown.
Lights
Parking lights
The parking lights switch on automatically when the ignition is
switched on.
Displaying tire inflation
pressure
Switch on ignition.
The parking lights are a
strain on the battery. Do
not leave the ignition switched
on longer than absolutely
necessary.
The displayed tire inflation pressures 2 refer to a tire temperature of 68 °F (20 °C). The lefthand value indicates the inflation
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when you start
the engine.
With the engine switched
off, you can switch on the
lights by switching on the highbeam headlight with the ignition
switched on or by operating the
headlight flasher.
Pull switch 1 at bottom to operate headlight flasher.
with additional headlight OE
4
55
Parking light
Switch off ignition.
High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher
Press button 1 and hold immediately after switching off
ignition until parking light is
switched on.
Switch ignition on and then off
again to switch off parking light.
Press switch 1 at top to switch
on high-beam headlight.
Additional headlight
Press button 1 on left to
switch on additional headlight.
Press button 1 on right to
switch off additional headlight.
The additional headlights
with LED technology available as optional accessories are
equipped with overheating protection. If a certain temperature
is exceeded, the headlights reduce the luminosity and even
switch off in extreme cases. After
Operation
Low-beam headlight
z
4
cooling sufficiently, the full luminosity is once again available.
56
Turn indicators
If a turn indicator button is
pressed with the ignition
switched on, the flashing function
replaces the emergency flashing
function as long as the button is
pressed. If the turn indicator button is released, the emergency
flasher function becomes active
again.
Operating turn indicator
Operation
Switch on ignition.
z
After driving for approx.
ten seconds or after covering a distance of approx. 650
ft (200 m), the turn indicators are
automatically switched off.
Press button 2 to switch on
right-hand turn indicators.
Press button 3 to switch off
turn indicators.
Hazard warning
flashers
Operating hazard warning
flashers
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1 to switch on
left-hand turn indicators.
The hazard warning flashers place a strain on the
battery. Do not use the hazard
warning flashers for longer than
absolutely necessary.
Press buttons 1 and 2 simultaneously to switch on the hazard warning flashers.
Ignition can be switched off.
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
4
Press button 3 to switch off
hazard warning flashers.
a
b
1
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
Operating the emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding
can cause the rear wheel to lock
and thus cause a fall.
Do not operate the emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding.
The engine can be switched
off easily and quickly using the
emergency ON/OFF switch.
Operating position
Engine switched off.
The engine can only be
started in the operating
position.
Operating heated
handlebar grips
with heated handlebar grips OE
Start engine.
The increase in power consumption caused by the
heated hand grips can drain the
battery if you are riding at low
engine speeds. If the battery is
Operation
57
z
4
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
Switching off ABS
function
Operation
58
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
inadequately charged, the heated hand grips are switched off to
ensure starting capability.
z
Select desired heating level
with switch 1.
The handlebar grips can be
heated at two different levels.
The second level is used for fast
heat-up of the grips; then the
switch should be switched back
to the first level. The heated
hand grips option can only be
activated when the engine is
running.
2 no dot visible: heating off.
3 one dot visible: 50 % heating output.
4 three dots visible: 100 %
heating output.
Stop motorcycle or switch on
ignition with motorcycle stationary.
Press and hold button 1 until
ABS warning light changes its
display behavior.
with Automatic Stability Control OE
First the ASC symbol changes
its display behavior. Press
and hold button 1 until ABS
warning light reacts. In this
case, the ASC setting does
not change.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ABS warning light continues to light up.
regulation continues to be active
for the rear wheel also braked via
the integral function. The ABS
regulation for the rear wheel is
not switched off until the footbrake lever is actuated.
Switching on ABS
function
With the ABS function switched
off, first only the control on the
front wheel is deactivated. If the
motorcycle is then only braked
with the handbrake lever, ABS
ABS function is switched on.
As an alternative, the ignition
can also be switched off and
then on again.
If the ABS light continues
to light up after switching
the ignition off and then on again,
an ABS fault has occurred.
Automatic Stability
Control ASC
ABS function is deactivated,
integral function continues to
be active.
Behavior with ABS
deactivated
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ABS warning light remains off or continues to
flash.
Press and hold button 1 until
ABS warning light changes its
display behavior.
The ABS warning light
goes out; if self-diagnosis
has not been completed, it begins to flash.
with Automatic Stability Control OE
Operation
The BMW Motorrad ASC can be
both deactivated and activated,
as well as being switched over
into an offroad mode ( 90) for
4
59
Operation
The ABS warning light
lights up.
z
driving on rough gravel and loose
sand.
60
If no ASC symbol is shown, the
ASC is active.
Operation
4
z
To switch off ASC, press and
hold button 1 until ASC symbol
changes its appearance again.
The ASC symbol is displayed.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ASC symbol continues
to be is displayed.
If this symbol is shown, the
offroad ASC is active.
If this symbol is shown, the
ASC is switched off.
Operating sequence:
Switch over ASC to offroad
ASC
Switching off ASC
Switching on ASC
Switching ASC function
over and off
Switch on ignition.
The ASC function can also be deactivated while
driving.
To switch over to offroad ASC,
press and hold button 1 until
ASC symbol changes its appearance.
The offroad ASC symbol is
displayed; if self-diagnosis
is not completed, offroad ASC
symbol flashes.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The offroad ASC symbol
continues to be displayed
or continues to flash.
Offroad ASC is activated.
ASC function is deactivated.
Activating ASC function
Press and hold button 1 until
ASC symbol changes its display behavior.
ASC function is activated.
As an alternative, the ignition
can also be switched off and
then on again.
from the locking device and wiggle.
Always insert both seat rods in
the same position.
Remove seat rods 1 and 2
from holders 3.
Mount seat rods in desired position again.
Position 4: high seat position
Position 5: low seat position
Installing driver's seat ( 72).
Windshield
Adjusting windshield
If the ASC warning light
lights up after switching the
ignition off and on and then continued driving over 3 mph (5 km/
h), an ASC error has occurred.
Seat height
Adjusting seat height
Removing driver's seat (
Turn driver's seat over.
72).
If both seat rods are not
in the same position, the
driver's seat can come loose
Loosen clamping screws 1 on
left and right.
4
61
Operation
The ASC symbol is no
longer displayed; if ASC
self-diagnosis is not completed,
ASC symbol flashes.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ASC symbol is still not
displayed or continues to
flash.
z
4
Operation
62
z
Brakes
Bring windshield into desired
position by rotating it forward
or back.
Make sure that the windshield
adjustment is identical on the
left and right.
Tighten clamping screws on
left and right.
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever
If the position of the clutch
fluid reservoir is changed,
air can enter the clutch system.
Do not reposition the handlebar
controls on the handlebars or the
handlebars in their mounts.
Adjusting the clutch lever
while driving can lead to
accidents.
Only adjust the clutch lever when
the motorcycle is stationary.
Adjusting handbrake lever
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise to increase distance between clutch lever and handlebar grip.
Turn adjusting screw 1 counterclockwise to decrease distance between clutch lever and
handlebar grip.
The adjusting screw can be
turned more easily if you
press the clutch lever forward
when doing so.
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir can
allow air to penetrate the brake
system.
Do not reposition the handlebar
controls on the handlebars or the
handlebars in their mounts.
Adjusting the handbrake
lever while driving can lead
to accidents.
Only adjust the handbrake
lever when the motorcycle is
stationary.
4
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise to increase distance between brake lever and handlebar grip.
Turn adjusting screw 1 counterclockwise to decrease distance between brake lever and
handlebar grip.
The adjusting screw can
be turned more easily if
you press the handbrake lever
forward when doing so.
Adjusting footbrake lever
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Slide step plate 1 of footrest
forward to unlock.
Fold step plate downward
down to detent when riding
while standing.
Shifting
Adjusting shift lever
Fold step plate upward up to
detent when riding while seated.
Slacken screw 1.
Operation
63
z
Turn foot piece 2 into desired
position.
64
A foot piece adjusted too
high or too low can cause
problems when shifting. In case
of shifting problems, check the
adjustment of the foot piece.
Operation
4
z
Mirrors
Adjusting mirror arm
Adjusting mirrors
Tighten screw 1 to appropriate
torque.
Foot piece on gearshift
lever
6 lb/ft (8 Nm)
Move mirror into desired position by twisting.
Slide protective cap 1 up over
screw connection on mirror
arm.
Loosen the nut 2.
Turn mirror arm into desired
position.
Tighten the nut to the specified tightening torque, while
holding the mirror arm to ensure that it does not move out
of position.
Mirror on adapter
16 lb/ft (22 Nm)
It is essential to set the spring
preload of the rear suspension to
suit the load carried by the motorcycle. Increase spring preload
when the motorcycle is heavily
loaded and reduce spring preload
accordingly when the motorcycle
is lightly loaded.
Handlebars
Adjusting handlebars
The distance of the handlebars
from the rider can be adjusted by
turning the handlebar clamping
blocks by 180°.
Long-reach position, handlebars
away from rider.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer, for adjustment
of the handlebars.
Spring preload
Setting
Short-reach position, handlebars
toward rider.
The spring preload on the front
wheel must be adapted to the
nature of the terrain. Uneven
terrain requires a high spring
preload, flat terrain requires a
lower spring preload.
Adjusting spring preload
on front wheel
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit the spring preload.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
4
65
Operation
Slide protective cap over
threaded fastener.
z
4
Spring preload on front
wheel
Operation
66
z
Spring preload at position 5
(For offroad use)
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
To reduce spring preload, turn
spring plate 1 in direction a
with onboard toolkit.
To increase spring preload,
turn spring retainer in direction b with onboard toolkit.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
To decrease spring preload,
turn handwheel 1 in direction
of arrow LOW.
To increase spring preload,
turn handwheel 1 in direction
of arrow HIGH.
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Spring preload at position 3
(For riding on gravel tracks
etc. and loading)
Adjusting the spring preload
while the motorcycle is being ridden can lead to accidents.
Adjust the spring preload
only when the motorcycle is
stationary.
Basic setting of spring
preload, rear
Spring preload on front
wheel
Spring preload at position 2
(For street use)
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit the spring preload.
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Turn adjustment wheel as
far as possible toward LOW,
then pretension spring with
10 clicks. (Full tank of gas,
with rider 187 lbs (85 kg))
duction in spring preload requires softer damping.
4
Adjusting damping on rear
wheel
67
The number of visible grooves
(five on the LOW stop) can be
used to determine the current
setting.
To reduce absorption, turn adjusting screw 1 in arrow direction S.
To increase absorption, turn
adjusting screw 1 in arrow direction H.
Damping
Setting
The damping must be adjusted
to the road conditions and the
spring preload.
A rough road surface requires
softer damping than a smooth
road surface.
An increase in spring preload
requires firmer damping, a re-
There is a risk of injury
by burns if you adjust the
damping characteristic while the
muffler is hot.
Use screwdriver extension and
wear gloves.
Adjust damping with the toolkit
using the adjusting screw 1.
Basic setting of rear
wheel rear-wheel damping
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Operation
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
z
4
Operation
68
z
Basic setting of rear
wheel rear-wheel damping
Turn adjusting screw in arrow direction H until stop,
then turn one and a half
turns in arrow direction S
(Full tank of gas, with rider
187 lbs (85 kg))
Electronic suspension
adjustment ESA
damping settings each during
street operation, and two spring
pretension settings with three
damping settings each during
offroad operation.
Additional information on the
electronic suspension adjustment
ESA is provided on page ( 93)
ff.
Calling up settings
Switch on ignition.
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
The display is automatically
hidden again after a short time.
Adjustment options
Using the electronic suspension
adjustment ESA you can conveniently adjust your motorcycle to
its loading and the ground. This
adjustment is possible for both
on-and offroad riding.
Three spring pretension settings can be combined with three
The damping setting is displayed
in the multifunction display in the
area 1, and the spring preload in
the area 2.
Adjusting damping
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1 to display current adjustment.
The damping cannot be adjusted while the motorcycle
is being ridden.
HARD:
heavy damping
If button 1 is not pressed for
a longer time, damping is set
as indicated. Then the ESA
display is automatically hidden
again.
4
Adjusting spring preload
Start engine.
Press button 1 to display current adjustment.
Press button 1 repeatedly until
desired setting is displayed.
If a driving mode for onroad operation is set, the following displays are possible:
COMF: comfort mode
NORM: normal mode
SPORT: sport mode
If an offroad level for offroad operation is set, the following displays are possible:
SOFT:
NORM:
minor damping
normal mode
The spring preload cannot
be adjusted while the motorcycle is being ridden.
Wait for the adjustment
process to be completed
before continuing driving
(display flashes).
At very low temperatures, unload the motorcycles before
increasing the spring preload,
and have the passenger dismount if necessary.
Press button 1 to display current adjustment.
Press button 1 repeatedly and
hold until desired setting is displayed.
The following displays are available:
One-up
One-up with luggage
Two-up (with luggage)
Operation
69
z
4
70
Then the adjustment options for
offroad riding are shown. The
selectable driving modes also
change in the process.
Operation
Predominantly smooth terrain
z
Rough terrain
If button 1 is not pressed for a
longer time, spring preload and
possibly also damping is set as
indicated. The display flashes
while the spring preload is adjusted. Then the ESA display
is automatically hidden again.
Tires
Checking tire pressure
Incorrect tire inflation pressure results in poorer handing characteristics of the motorcycle and reduces the life of the
tires.
Ensure proper tire inflation
pressure.
At high road speeds, tire
valves installed perpendicular to the wheel rim have a
tendency to open as a result of
centrifugal force.
In order to avoid a sudden loss of
tire inflation pressure, fit a valve
cap with rubber sealing ring to
the rear tire and make sure that
the cap is screwed on firmly.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Check tire pressures against
data below.
Tire pressure, front
31.9 psi (2.2 bar) (Single
rider, with cold tire)
36.3 psi (2.5 bar) (Driver with
passenger and/or load, with
cold tire)
Tire pressure, rear
36.3 psi (2.5 bar) (Single
rider, with cold tire)
42.1 psi (2.9 bar) (Driver with
passenger and/or load, with
cold tire)
If tire pressure is too low:
Correct tire pressure.
Headlight
Adjusting for RHD/LHD
traffic
If the motorcycle is ridden in a
country where the opposite rule
of the road applies, its asymmetric low-beam headlight will tend
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight adjusted to
the relevant conditions by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Headlight range
adjustment
The headlight range generally
remains constant due to the adjustment of the spring preload to
the loading state.
Spring preload adjustment may
only be insufficient when the motorcycle is very heavily loaded.
In this case, the headlight range
must be adjusted to the weight.
If you are unsure whether
the basic headlight setting
is correct, consult a specialized
workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
4
71
a
b
1
Headlight range adjustment
In the case of very high payloads,
the available spring preload adjustment might not be adequate.
To avoid dazzling oncoming traffic, the headlight range can be
corrected by adjusting the swivel
lever.
Neutral position
Position with heavy payload
Front and rear seats
Removing passenger seat
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Operation
Headlight range and
spring preload
z
Installing driver's seat
4
Operation
72
z
Turn seat lock 1 to right with
ignition key and hold while
pressing passenger seat 2
downward in front area to support unlocking.
Lift passenger seat at front and
release key.
Take off passenger seat and
place on a clean surface with
upholstered side facing downward.
Removing driver's seat
Removing passenger seat
( 71).
Turn seat lock 1 to left with
ignition key and hold while
pressing driver's seat 3 downward in rear area to support
unlocking.
Raise driver's seat at rear and
release key.
Take off driver's seat and place
on a clean surface with upholstered side facing downward.
Insert driver's seat with
mounts 4 in holders 5 on left
and right and loosely lay on
motorcycle.
Press driver's seat lightly forward in rear area and then firmly downward.
Driver's seat clicks audibly into
place.
Installing passenger seat
( 72).
Installing passenger seat
Installing driver's seat (
72).
4
Insert passenger seat 2 into
mount 6.
Press down firmly on front region of passenger seat.
Passenger seat clicks audibly
into place.
Helmet holder
Locking helmet on
motorcycle
Removing driver's seat (
72).
The helmet catch can
scratch the paneling.
When hooking on the helmet,
watch the position of the helmet
lock.
Hook helmet into helmet holder
with chin strap 1.
Installing driver's seat ( 72).
Operation
73
z
Operation
4
74
z
Riding
Riding
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
5
75
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Offroad riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Securing motorcycle for
transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Riding
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
z
Safety instructions
76
Do not ride without the correct
clothing. Always wear:
Helmet
Rider's suit
Gloves
Boots
Riding
5
z
Rider's equipment
This applies even to short journeys, and to every season of
the year. Your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer will be happy to
advise you and has the correct
clothing for every purpose.
Loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the gross weight
limit and observe the loading
information.
Adjust setting of spring
preload, damping characteristic
and tire inflation pressures to
suit total weight.
with aluminum case OA
Make sure that weight is uniformly distributed between
right and left.
Pack heavy items of luggage
downwards and inwards.
Observe maximum payload of
case and corresponding top
speed.
Payload of aluminum
case
See label in case
Speed limit for driving
with aluminum case
See label in case
with aluminum Topcase OA
Observe maximum payload of
Topcase and corresponding
top speed.
Payload of aluminum
Topcase
See label in Topcase
Speed limit for driving
with aluminum Topcase
See label in Topcase
with tank rucksack OA
Observe maximum payload of
tank rucksack and corresponding top speed.
Payload of tank rucksack
}11 lbs (}5 kg)
Speed limit for driving
with tank rucksack
}81 mph (}130 km/h)
If you ride at high speed, always
bear in mind that various boundary conditions can adversely affect the handling of your motorcycle:
Settings of spring-strut and
shock absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tire inflation pressure
Poor tire tread
Etc.
Maximum speed with
massive-bar tires
The maximum speed specified for the motorcycle may
be higher than the maximum
speed permissible for the tires.
Excessively high speeds can lead
to tire damage and accidents.
Observe the maximum permissible speed for the tires.
With massive-bar tires, the top
speed permissible for the tire
must be observed.
Attach maximum permissible
speed decal in field of view.
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which is colorless and
odorless but highly toxic.
Inhaling exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss of consciousness with
fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in closed
rooms.
Catalytic converter
If misfiring causes unburned fuel
to enter the catalytic converter,
there is a danger of overheating
and damage.
For this reason, observe the following points:
Do not run the fuel tank dry
Do not run the engine with the
spark-plug cap removed
Stop the engine immediately if
it misfires
Use unleaded fuel only
Comply with all specified maintenance intervals.
Unburned fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Note the points listed for protection of the catalytic converter.
Danger of overheating
Cooling would be inadequate if the engine were allowed to idle for a lengthy period
with the motorcycle at a standstill: overheating would result. In
extreme cases, the motorcycle
could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to idle
unnecessarily. After starting, ride
off immediately.
5
77
Riding
Speed
z
5
Riding
78
z
Modifications
Modifications of the motorcycle (e.g. engine management system, throttle valves,
clutch) can cause damage to the
affected components and failure of safety-related functions.
Damage caused in this way is
not covered by the warranty.
Do not make any modifications.
Checklist
Use the following checklist to
check important functions, settings and wear limits before you
ride off:
Brakes
Front and rear brake fluid levels
Clutch
Clutch fluid level
Damping setting and spring
preload
Tread depth and tire inflation
pressure
Firm seating of cases and luggage
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every time you
refuel)
Brake pad wear (during every
third stop for refueling)
ignition, as otherwise the engine
cannot be started.
Starting engine
Starting
Side stand
You cannot start the motorcycle with the side stand extended
and a gear engaged. The engine
will switch itself off if you start it
with the transmission in neutral
and then engage a gear before
retracting the side stand.
Transmission
You can start the engine when
the transmission is in neutral or if
you pull the clutch with a gear
engaged. Do not engage the
clutch until after switching on the
Emergency ON/OFF switch in
run position a.
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 79)
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 80)
the battery before you start the
engine, or use jump leads and a
donor battery to start.
Engine starts.
Consult the troubleshooting
chart if the engine refuses to
start. ( 140)
Pre-ride check
Press starter button 1.
At extremely low temperatures it may be necessary
to operate the throttle grip during
starting. At ambient temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C), actuate
the clutch after switching on the
ignition.
The start attempt is automatically interrupted if battery voltage is too low. Recharge
The instrument cluster runs a
test of the 'General' warning light
when the ignition is switched on:
this is the "Pre-Ride-Check The
test is aborted if the engine is
started before it is completed.
Phase 1
The general warning light
lights up red.
CHECK! appears on the display.
Phase 2
The general warning light
lights up yellow.
5
79
CHECK! appears on the display.
If the 'General' warning light does
not show:
Some malfunctions cannot
be indicated if the 'General' warning light cannot be displayed.
Check that the 'General' warning
light comes on, and that it shows
red and yellow.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Riding
with Automatic Stability Control OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 80)
z
5
Riding
80
z
ABS self-diagnosis
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
The readiness for operation of
the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
is checked by the self-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you switch on
the ignition. To check the wheel
sensors, the motorcycle must be
driven a few yards.
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
The ABS warning light
flashes.
Phase 2
Checking wheel sensors while
starting off.
The ABS warning light
flashes.
ABS self-diagnosis
completed
The ABS warning light goes
out.
If an ABS fault is indicated after
the ABS self-diagnosis is completed:
Continued driving is possible. It
must be noted that neither the
ABS nor the integral function is
available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC self-diagnosis
with Automatic Stability Control OE
The readiness for operation
of the BMW Motorrad ASC is
checked by the self-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed
automatically when you switch on
the ignition.
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
The ASC symbol flashes
slowly.
Phase 2
Checking the diagnosable system components while driving.
So that the ASC self-diagnosis
can be completed, the motorcycle must be driven at a
speed of at least 3 mph (5 km/
h).
The ASC symbol flashes
slowly.
ASC self-diagnosis
completed
The ASC symbol is no longer
displayed.
Running in
The first 620 mls
(1000 km)
While running in the motorcycle, vary the throttle opening
and engine-speed range frequently; avoid driving for long
periods at a constant speed.
Choose curvy, slightly hilly sections of road if possible.
Observe the engine run-in
speeds.
Engine break-in speeds
<5500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 0...124 miles
(0...200 km))
<6500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 124...249 miles
(200...400 km))
<7500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 249...373 miles
(400...600 km))
briefly maximum engine
speed (Odometer
reading 373...559 miles
(600...900 km))
Have the first inspection carried
out after 300 - 750 mls (500 1200 km).
Brake pads
New brake pads must be run in
before they achieve their optimum friction force. This initial
reduction in braking efficiency
can be compensated for by exerting greater pressure on the
brake levers.
New brake pads can extend stopping distance by a
significant margin.
Brake early.
Tires
New tires have a smooth surface. This must be roughened by
riding in a restrained manner at
various heel angles until the tires
are run in. This running in procedure is essential if the tires are to
achieve maximum grip.
New tires have not
achieved their full adhesion
yet. There is a danger of
accidents when driving at
extreme angles.
Avoid extreme angles.
5
81
Riding
If an ASC fault is indicated after
the ASC self-diagnosis is completed:
Continued driving is possible.
It must be noted that the ASC
function is not available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
z
Offroad riding
Brakes
When driving offroad
82
with aluminum Topcase OA
When driving offroad, the Topcase should be removed or the
back padding available as an optional accessory from your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer
should be used.
When the motorcycle is
ridden on loose surfaces
or muddy roads, the brakes may
fail to take effect immediately
because of dirt or moisture on
the disks or brake pads.
Brake early until the brakes are
braked clean.
Riding
5
z
After driving offroad
BMW Motorrad recommends
that the following be observed
after driving offroad:
Tire inflation pressure
A tire inflation pressure reduced for offroad driving
leads to poorer handling of the
motorcycle on paved roads and
can result in accidents.
Ensure proper tire inflation
pressure.
Driving on unpaved or dirty
roads leads to increased
brake pad wear.
Check the brake pad thickness
more often and replace the brake
pads sooner.
Spring preload and damping
Spring preload and damping values that have been
changed for offroad use reduce
handling characteristics on paved
surfaces.
Before returning to on-road use,
reset correct spring preload and
correct damping.
Rims
BMW Motorrad recommends
checking the rims for possible
damage after riding offroad.
Air filter insert
Engine damage due to
soiled air filter insert.
When driving in dusty terrain,
check air filter insert for soiling
at short intervals and clean or replace if necessary.
Use under very dusty conditions
(deserts, savannas, etc.) requires
the use air filter inserts specially developed for these kinds of
applications.
How is the shortest
braking distance
achieved?
The dynamic load distribution
between the front and rear wheel
changes during braking. The
heavier you brake, the more
the front wheel is loaded. The
greater the wheel load, the more
braking force can be transferred.
To achieve the shortest possible
braking distance, the front brake
must be applied quickly and with
increasing force. This optimally utilizes the dynamic load increase on the front wheel. At the
same time, the clutch should also be actuated. With the "forced
braking" often practiced in which
the brake pressure is generated as quickly as possible and
with great force, the dynamic
load distribution cannot follow
the increased deceleration and
the braking force cannot be completely transferred to the road
surface. The front wheel can lock
up.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
Locking up of the front wheel is
prevented by the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS.
Descending mountain
passes
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes. Under
extreme conditions, the brakes
could overheat and suffer severe
damage.
Use both front and rear brakes,
and make use of the engine's
braking effect as well.
Wet, soiled brakes
Moisture and dirt on the brake
disks and the brake pads results
in a decrease in the braking action.
Delayed or poorer braking action
must be expected in the following situations:
When driving in the rain and
through puddles.
After washing the motorcycle.
When driving on roads spread
with salt.
After working on the brakes
due to oil or grease residues.
When driving on soiled roads
or offroad.
Poor braking action due to
moisture and dirt.
Brake until brakes are dry or
clean; clean if necessary.
Brake early until the full braking
action is available again.
5
83
Riding
Brakes
z
5
Parking your
motorcycle
Center stand
84
Side stand
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Riding
Switch off engine.
z
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Fold out side stand and park
motorcycle.
The side stand is designed
to support only the weight
of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the
motorcycle with the side stand
extended.
If the slope of the road permits,
turn the handlebars to the left.
On a grade, the motorcycle
should always face uphill; select 1st gear.
Switch off engine.
Excessive movements
could result in the center
stand retracting, and the
motorcycle would topple as a
result.
Do not sit on the motorcycle
while it is resting on the center
stand.
Do not smoke. Never bring a
naked flame near the fuel tank.
Fuel attacks plastic surfaces, making them cloudy
or unattractive.
Wipe off any fuel that gets onto
plastic parts immediately.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Open protective cap.
Fold out center stand and jack
up motorcycle.
Refueling
Fuel is highly flammable.
Fire at the fuel tank can
result in fire and explosion.
Unlock cap of fuel tank with
ignition key and fold up.
Recommended fuel quality
Fuel expands when exposed to heat. When the
tank is overfilled, fuel can escape
and get onto the road. This results in a danger of falling.
Do not overfill the fuel tank.
Leaded fuel will destroy the
catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Refuel with quality listed below
at most until lower edge of filler
neck is reached.
When refueling after running on reserve, make sure
that you top up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise
Super Plus unleaded
91 AKI (98 ROZ/RON)
91 AKI
alternative fuel quality
Super unleaded (minor restrictions with regard to
power and fuel consumption)
89 AKI (95 ROZ/RON)
89 AKI
with regular unleaded gasoline (RON 91) OE
alternative fuel quality
Regular unleaded (restrictions with regard to power
and fuel consumption)
87 AKI (91 ROZ/RON)
87 AKI
Usable fuel quantity
Approx. 8.7 gal (Approx.
33 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
Approx. 1.1 gal (Approx. 4 l)
Press fuel tank cap down firmly
to close.
Remove key and close protective cap.
5
85
Riding
the sensor will not be able to
register the new level. Otherwise
neither the fill level nor the range
display can be updated.
z
5
Protect all components along
which straps are routed against
scratching. For example, use
adhesive tape or soft cloths.
Riding
86
Securing motorcycle
for transport
Components can be damaged.
Do not pinch components, e.g.
brake lines or wiring harnesses.
z
The motorcycle can tip
away to the side and fall
over.
Secure the motorcycle against
tipping away to the side.
Push motorcycle onto transport
surface, and do not place on
side stand or center stand.
Fasten straps at front on both
sides on handlebars.
Guide straps through leading
link and tension.
Fasten straps at rear on both
sides on passenger footrests
and tension.
Tension all straps evenly; motorcycle should be compressed
as greatly as possible.
Technology in detail
Technology in detail
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
6
87
Tire Pressure Control TPC/RDC . . . . 92
Electronic suspension adjustment
ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Technology in detail
Engine management with BMW
Motorrad ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
z
6
88
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
Technology in detail
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
z
Partially integral brake
Your motorcycle is equipped with
a partially integral brake configuration. Both front and rear brakes
are applied simultaneously when
you pull the handbrake lever.
The footbrake lever acts only on
the rear brake.
The BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
adapts the braking force distribution between the front and rear
wheel brake to the loading of the
motorcycle during braking with
ABS control.
Spinning of the rear wheel
with the front brake pulled
(burn out) is made considerably more difficult by the integral function. The result may be
damage to the rear wheel brake
and the clutch.
Avoid burn-outs.
How does ABS work?
The maximum braking force that
can be transferred to the road
surface is partially dependent on
the friction coefficient of the road
surface. Gravel, ice, snow and
wet roads offer a considerably
poorer friction coefficient than a
dry, clean asphalt surface. The
poorer the friction coefficient of
the road surface is, the longer
the braking distance will be.
If the maximum transferrable
braking force is exceeded when
the driver increases the brake
pressure, the wheels begin to
block and driving stability is lost,
and a fall can result. Before this
situation occurs, ABS intervenes
and adjusts the brake pressure
to the maximum transferrable
braking force. This enables the
wheels to continue to turn and
maintains driving stability regardless of the road surface condition.
What happens when
rough roads are
encountered?
Bumpy or rough roads can briefly
lead to a loss of contact between the tires and the road
surface, until the transferrable
braking force is reduced to zero. If braking is carried out in this
situation, ABS must reduce the
brake pressure to ensure driving stability when restoring contact to the road. At this point in
time, the BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS must assume extremely low
friction coefficients (gravel, ice,
snow) so that the running wheels
turn in every imaginable case and
the driving stability is ensured.
After detecting the actual con-
How is the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS noticeable to
the rider?
If the ABS system must reduce
the braking forces due to the
conditions described above, then
vibrations can be felt at the handbrake lever.
If the handbrake lever is pulled,
then braking pressure is built up
at the rear wheel with the integral
function. If the footbrake pedal is
first actuated after this, the brake
pressure already built up can be
felt earlier than the counter-pressure, than when the footbrake
pedal is actuated before or together with the handbrake lever.
Lifting off rear wheel
However, during extremely heavy
and rapid decelerations it is possible that the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS cannot prevent the
rear wheel from lifting off the
ground. In these cases, the motorcycle can also flip end over
end.
Heavy braking can lead to
the rear wheel lifting off the
ground.
When braking, bear in mind that
the ABS control cannot be relied
on in all circumstances to prevent
the rear wheel from lifting off the
ground.
What are the design
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
The BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
ensures driving stability on any
surface within the limits of driving
physics. The system is not optimized for special requirements
resulting under extreme weather conditions offroad or on the
racetrack.
Special situations
To detect the tendency of the
wheels to lock up, the speeds
of the front and rear wheel are
compared. If implausible values
are detected over a longer period
of time, the ABS function is deactivated for safety reasons and
an ABS fault is indicated. The
condition for a fault message is
the completed self-diagnosis.
In addition to problems on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
6
89
Technology in detail
ditions, the system adjusts the
optimum brake pressure.
z
6
Technology in detail
90
z
unusual driving conditions can
also lead to a fault message.
Unusual driving conditions:
Heating up on the main or auxiliary stand at idle or with gear
engaged.
Rear wheel locked-up for a
longer period of time by engine brake, e.g. when riding
downhill on slippery surfaces.
Should a fault message result
due to one of the driving conditions described above, the ABS
function can be reactivated by
switching the ignition off and
then on again.
How important is regular
maintenance?
Any technical system is always only as good as its
maintenance condition.
To ensure that the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is in an optimally maintained condition, it is vital
that the specified inspection intervals be complied with.
Reserves for safety
But remember: the potentially
shorter braking distances which
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS permits must not be used as an excuse for careless riding. ABS is
primarily a means of ensuring a
safety margin in genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering. When
you apply the brakes on a corner, the motorcycle's weight and
momentum take over and even
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
unable to counteract their effects.
Engine management
with BMW Motorrad
ASC
with Automatic Stability Control OE
How does ASC work?
The BMW Motorrad ASC compares the wheel speeds of the
front and rear wheel. From the
speed difference the slip, and
with it the stability reserves on
the rear wheel are determined.
When a slip limit is exceeded, the
engine torque is adapted by the
engine management system.
What are the design
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad ASC?
The BMW Motorrad ASC is an
assistance system for the driver and is designed for driving on
public roads. Especially in at the
limits of driving physics, the driv-
Even with ASC, physical
laws cannot be overridden.
The driver is always responsible
for adapting his/her driving style.
Do not reduce the additional
safety provided with risky
driving.
Special situations
At an increasing angle, the acceleration performance is increasingly limited in accordance with
physical laws. This can result in
delayed acceleration when coming out of very tight curves.
To detect spinning or slipping
away of the rear wheel, the
speeds of the front and
rear wheel are compared. If
implausible values are detected
over a longer period of time, the
ASC function is deactivated for
safety reasons and an ASC fault
is indicated. The condition for a
fault message is the completed
self-diagnosis.
In the following unusual driving
states, the BMW Motorrad ASC
can be automatically deactivated.
Unusual driving conditions:
Driving on the rear wheel
(wheely) for a longer period
with ASC deactivated.
Rear wheel spinning in place
with front brake pulled (burn
out).
Heating up on the main or auxiliary stand at idle or with gear
engaged.
The ASC is reactivated by
switching the ignition on and
off and then driving at a speed
above 6 mph (10 km/h).
With extremely massive-bar tires,
an ASC intervention can occur
before the optimum propulsion
is achieved due to the greater
slip involved. In these cases the
BMW Motorrad ASC should be
deactivated.
If the front wheel loses contact
to the ground during extreme
acceleration, the ASC reduces
the engine torque until the front
wheel touches the ground again.
In this case, BMW Motorrad recommends turning back the throt-
6
91
Technology in detail
er has a considerable influence
on the control options of the
ASC (shifting weight in curves,
loose loads).
The offroad mode can be activated when driving offroad. In this
mode the controlling intervention
by the ASC is carried out later,
enabling controlled drifting.
The system is not optimized for
special requirements resulting
under extreme weather conditions offroad or on the racetrack.
The BMW Motorrad ASC can be
deactivated for these cases.
z
6
Technology in detail
92
z
tle grip somewhat to achieve
a stable driving state again as
quickly as possible.
On a slippery surface, the throttle grip should never be suddenly
turned back completely without
pull the clutch at the same time.
The engine braking torque can
cause the rear wheel to block,
resulting in an unstable driving
state. This case cannot be controlled by the BMW Motorrad
ASC.
Tire Pressure Control
TPC/RDC
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
Function
A sensor is located in each tire,
which measures the air temperature and the inflation pressure
inside the tire and sends these
values to the control unit.
The sensors are equipped with
a centrifugal controller, which
does not enable the transmission of the measured values until
after a speed of approx. 18 mph
(30 km/h) is exceeded for the first
time. Before initial reception of
the tire inflation pressure, -- is
shown in the display for each tire.
The sensors continue to transmit
the measured values for approx.
15 minutes after the motorcycle
comes to a stop.
The control unit can manage four
sensors, and as a result two sets
of wheels with TPC/RDC sensors can be driven. If a TPC/RDC
control unit is installed, however
the wheels have no sensors, then
an error message is output.
Tire inflation pressure
ranges
The TPC/RDC control unit distinguishes between three inflation
pressure ranges matched to the
motorcycle:
Inflation pressure within the
permissible tolerance.
Inflation pressure at the limits
of the permissible tolerance.
Inflation pressure outside the
permissible tolerance.
A warning is also output if the
tire inflation pressure drops rapidly within the permissible tolerance.
Temperature
compensation
The tire inflation pressure is temperature dependent, i.e. it increases or decreases together
with the tire temperature. The
tire temperature is dependent on
Adjusting inflation
pressure
Compare the TPC/RDC value in
the multifunction display with the
value on the back cover of the
Rider's Manual. The difference
between the two values must be
compensated with the air pressure tester at the filling station.
Example: according to the
Rider's Manual, the tire inflation
pressure is to be 36.3 psi
(2.5 bar), however 33.4 psi
(2.3 bar) is shown in the
multifunction display. This means
the tires are underinflated by
2.9 psi (0.2 bar). The tester
at the filling station indicates
34.8 psi (2.4 bar). This value
must be increased by 2.9 psi
(0.2 bar) to 37.7 psi (2.6 bar) in
order to produce the correct tire
inflation pressure.
justment to two-up operation is
completed.
The ESA display flashes until the
adjustment process has been
completed. The motorcycle may
not be driven during the adjustment process.
Offroad settings
Adjusting spring preload
The Enduro ESA developed especially for the R 1200 GS contains both the onroad modes
familiar from other BMW models and special offroad modes
enabled by a special electro-hydraulic spring base adjustment of
the front suspension strut. The
convenient chassis adjustment to
a broad range of road conditions
increases the suitability for both
touring and offroad riding.
To ensure fast adjustment at
temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C),
BMW Motorrad recommends not
having a passenger climb onto
the motorcycle until after the ad-
In this mode the spring
preload of the front suspension strut is increased to approximately 50 %. The rear spring
base then assumes the same
Electronic suspension
adjustment ESA
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
6
93
Technology in detail
the ambient temperature and on
the driving style and duration.
The tire inflation pressures are
shown temperature-compensated in the multifunction display;
they refer to a tire temperature
of 68 °F (20 °C). No temperature compensation takes place in
the air pressure testers at filling
stations, i.e. the measured tire inflation pressure is dependent on
the tire temperature. As a result,
the values displayed there do not
match the values shown in the
multifunction display in most cases.
z
6
Technology in detail
94
z
position. This adjustment is suitable, for example, for offroad riding during which no larger drops
or holes are expected.
With this adjustment a maximum spring preload of the
front and rear suspension strut
is achieved. It can, for example,
be used when the maximum protection against bottoming out is
required for drop-offs and holes.
The ground clearance is greater
in this mode than in the "driver
only" street mode.
Not every ESA adjustment is
suitable for every road surface.
Test the possible combinations
of spring preload and damping to
find the adjustment suitable for
the road surface.
Accessories
Accessories
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Onboard sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
7
95
Topcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Accessories
Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
z
7
Accessories
96
z
General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of parts and accessories
for your motorcycle that are approved by BMW for this purpose.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is the right place to go
for genuine BMW parts and accessories,other BMW approved
products, and expert advice on
their installation and use.
These parts and products have
been tested by BMW for safety,
function and suitability. BMW
accepts product liability for these
products.
Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessories which it
has not approved.
Observe the information on the
importance of tire sizes for chassis control systems ( 113).
BMW Motorrad cannot examine or test each product
of outside origin to ensure that it
can be used on or in connection
with BMW motorcycles without
constituting a safety hazard. Nor
is this guarantee provided when
the official approval of a specific
country has been granted. Tests
conducted by these instances
cannot make provision for all operating conditions experienced by
BMW motorcycles and, consequently, they are not sufficient in
some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories
approved by BMW for your
motorcycle.
Whenever you are planning modifications, comply with all the legal requirements. The motorcycle must not infringe on national
road-vehicle construction and
use regulations of your country.
Onboard sockets
Information on using onboard
sockets:
automatic switch-off
Onboard sockets are switched off
automatically under the following
conditions:
In case of insufficient battery
voltage to maintain the ability
to start the motorcycle
If the maximum loadability
specified in the technical data
is exceeded
During starting
with additional onboard socket OA
If several onboard sockets are
being operated, the total current
may not exceed the maximum
loadability.
Cable routing
The cables from the onboard
sockets to the auxiliary devices
must be routed in such a way
that they:
Do not impede the rider
Do not restrict the steering angle and the driving characteristics
Cannot be trapped
Case
Opening case
with aluminum case OA
97
Aluminum abrasion
To prevent soiling with aluminum
abrasion, sensitive pieces of luggage should be stowed in a bag.
BMW Motorrad offers the optional accessory "Waterproof Bag"
for the aluminum cases and the
aluminum Topcase for this purpose. Details are available from
your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Carrying handle set
To carry the cases and the
Topcase, your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer offers the
optional accessory "Carrying
Handle Set".
This optional accessory is also
suitable for securing pieces of
luggage and the optional accessory "Waterproof Bag" on the
cases and the Topcase.
7
Turn key 1 counterclockwise.
The case cover can be
opened with both the left
and the right latch.
Press lock housing 2 upward
to release locking claw 3.
Pull locking claw 3 to side and
open cover lid.
Accessories
Operating electrical accessories
You can start using electrical accessories only when the ignition
is switched on. The accessory
remains operational if the ignition is subsequently switched off.
Onboard sockets are switched off
approx. 15 minutes after switching off the ignition to reduce the
strain on the onboard electrical
system.
z
7
Closing case
Accessories
98
z
Close case lid.
Position locking claw 3 on lid.
Press lock housing 2 downward while making sure that
claw grips into lid.
To lock lock, turn key clockwise and remove.
Removing case lid
Opening case (
Detach lid retaining cable 1.
Close case lid.
Open second latch of case lid.
Remove case lid.
Installing case lid
Hook in lid retaining cable 1.
Close case lid.
Close second lock of case lid.
Removing case
Lay case lid on case.
Close one lock of case lid.
Open case lid toward closed
side.
97).
Turn key 1 counterclockwise.
mounts on case carrier 5 and
on case 4 mesh.
Mounting case
Position case on case carrier
and slide toward rear so that
with aluminum Topcase OA
Topcase when driving
offroad
On longer drives, left case
and case carrier may become hot.
Allow case and case carrier to
cool down before removing
case.
Pull case forward as far as possible and remove to side.
Topcase
When driving offroad, the Topcase should be removed or the
back padding available as an optional accessory should be used.
Opening Topcase
Position locking claw 3 on case
carrier while holding case in
place.
Press lock housing 2 to side
while ensuring that claw grips
around bracket.
Turn key clockwise and remove.
7
99
Accessories
Press lock housing 2 to side to
release locking claw 3.
Pull locking claw 3 to side
while holding case in place.
z
Turn key 1 counterclockwise.
Press lock housing 2 upward
to release locking claw 3.
Pull locking claw 3 toward rear
and open lid.
7
Closing Topcase
Removing Topcase
Mounting Topcase
Accessories
100
z
Close Topcase lid.
Position locking claw 2 on lid.
Press lock housing 3 downward while making sure that
claw grips into lid.
To lock lock, turn key clockwise and remove.
Turn key 1 counterclockwise.
Press lock housing 2 downward to release locking claw 3.
Pull locking claw 3 downward.
First pull Topcase toward rear
and then remove upward.
Position Topcase on Topcase
carrier and slide forward so that
mounts on Topcase carrier 5
and on Topcase 4 mesh.
Converting Topcase
bracket
7
Position locking claw 3 on
Topcase carrier.
Press lock housing 2 upward
while making sure that claw
grips around carrier.
To lock lock, turn key clockwise and remove.
Adjustable Topcase
holder
The Topcase holder can be installed on the luggage rack or in
place of the passenger seat.
In the luggage rack, two holes
positioned above each other
are provided at the installation
points 1. If holes are used at different heights at the front and
rear, the Topcase holder must
be tilted toward the front or rear
accordingly. The Topcase can
then be used as a backrest in
conjunction with the Topcase
padding available as an optional
accessory.
Remove screws 2 on left and
right.
Removing passenger seat
( 71).
Accessories
101
z
7
Accessories
102
z
Install Topcase holder with desired tilt in holes 1.
Maintenance
Maintenance
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Onboard toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
8
103
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Rims and Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Front wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Maintenance
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
z
8
Maintenance
104
z
General instructions
Onboard toolkit
The "Maintenance" chapter describes work involving the checking and replacement of wear
parts that can be performed with
a minimum of effort.
If special tightening torques are
to be taken into account for
assembly, these are listed. An
overview of all required tightening
torques is contained in the
chapter "Technical Data".
Information on additional maintenance and repair work is provided in the Repair Manual for your
motorcycle on DVD, which you
can obtain from your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Standard tool kit
Special tools and thorough specialized knowledge are required
to carry out some of the work
described here. If you are in
doubt, consult a certified workshop, preferably your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
4
5
Open-ended wrench
Wrench size: 8/10 mm
Removing battery
( 132).
Tool for oil cap
Topping up engine oil
( 106).
Tool to chassis setting
without Electronic Suspension
Adjustment (ESA) OE
1
2
3
Torx wrench T15, T25,
T30
Removing body panels
Reversible screwdriver with
Phillips and straight blade
Replacing front and
rear turn indicator bulbs
( 123).
Open-ended wrench
Wrench size: 14 mm
Adjusting mirror arm
( 64).
1
2
Extension for hook wrench
Hook wrench
Adjusting spring preload
on front wheel ( 65).
Extension for screwdriver
insert
Adjusting damping on
rear wheel ( 67).
Service tool kit
For expanded service work (e.g.
removing and installing wheels),
BMW Motorrad has put together
a service tool kit matched to your
motorcycle. You can purchase
this tool kit from your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Engine oil
8
Checking engine oil level
The oil level varies with the
temperature of the oil. The
higher the temperature, the higher the level of oil in the sump.
Checking the oil level with the
engine cold or after a short trip
leads to misinterpretations and
therefore to incorrect oil fill quantities.
To ensure that the display of the
engine oil level is correct, only
check the oil level after a longer
trip.
Switch off engine at operating
temperature.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
center stand.
Wait five minutes to allow oil to
collect in oil pan.
105
Read off the oil level from the
display 1.
Maintenance
3
z
Specified level of engine
oil
between MIN and MAX
marking
If oil level is below MIN mark:
Topping up engine oil ( 106).
106
If oil level is above MAX mark:
Have oil level corrected by
a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Maintenance
8
Topping up engine oil
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
z
Both too little and too
much engine oil can lead to
engine damage.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Add engine oil up to specified
level.
Engine oil, quantity for
topping up
max 0.5 quarts (max 0.5 l)
(Difference between MIN
and MAX)
Checking engine oil level
( 105).
Reinstall engine oil fill location
cap.
Brake system
Checking brake operation
Wipe area around fill location
clean.
Remove cap 1 of engine oil fill
location with toolkit.
Pull handbrake lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
Press footbrake lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
If no clear pressure points are
perceptible:
Incorrect working practices
endanger the reliability of
the brakes.
Have all work on the brake system carried out by specialists.
Have the brakes checked by a
certified workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Checking front brake pad
thickness
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Visually inspect left and right
brake pads to ascertain their
thickness. Direction of view:
between wheel and front wheel
control to brake calipers 1.
Front brake-pad wear
limit
0.04 in (1.0 mm) (Only friction material without carrier plate. Wear markings
(grooves) must be clearly
visible.)
If the wear indicating marks are
no longer clearly visible:
Dropping below the minimum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Check the brake pad thickness
with visual inspection. Direc-
8
107
Maintenance
reliability of the brake system,
make sure that the brake pads
are not worn beyond their minimum thickness.
z
8
tion of view: from left to brake
caliper 1.
Maintenance
108
z
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
reliability of the brake system,
make sure that the brake pads
are not worn beyond their minimum thickness.
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Rear brake-pad wear limit
0.04 in (1.0 mm) (Only friction material without carrier
plate. Brake disk must not
be visible through bore hole
of inner brake pad.)
If brake disk is visible:
Dropping below the minimum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
Brake pad wear
The rear brake has a brake-pad
wear indicator.
Shaft 1 with three marker rings 2
is between the brake pads.
How to interpret the marks:
Three rings visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 75 %
Two rings visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 50 %
One ring visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 25 %
No rings visible: brake pads
worn to wear limit; check as
described above
8
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
109
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Move handlebars into straightahead position.
Read off brake fluid level at
front brake-fluid reservoir 1.
The brake fluid level in the
brake-fluid reservoir drops
due to brake pad wear.
Front brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN mark.
(Brake-fluid reservoir horizontal, motorcycle standing
upright)
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Maintenance
Checking front brake fluid
level
z
8
Replacing screen insert
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Maintenance
110
z
Checking rear brake fluid
level
Possible loss of stopping
power at front brake.
Screen insert in the front brakefluid reservoir always has to be
replaced on completion of work
that affects the level of fluid
in the front braking circuit (for
example replacing brake pads
or changing brake fluid). Please
contact a specialized workshop
for this purpose, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Read off brake fluid level at
rear brake-fluid reservoir 1.
The brake fluid level in the
brake-fluid reservoir drops
due to brake pad wear.
Clutch
8
Checking clutch operation
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN mark.
(Brake-fluid reservoir horizontal, motorcycle standing
upright)
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Checking clutch fluid level
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Move handlebars into straightahead position.
111
Read off clutch fluid level at
reservoir 1.
The fluid level in the clutch
fluid reservoir rises due to
clutch wear.
Clutch fluid level (visual
check)
Clutch fluid level must not
drop. (Motorcycle standing upright with handlebars
straight ahead)
If clutch fluid level drops:
Maintenance
Rear brake fluid level
Pull the clutch lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
If no clear pressure point can be
felt:
Have the clutch checked
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
z
8
Maintenance
112
z
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids
could cause damage to the
clutch system.
No fluids may be poured in.
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Rims and Tires
Checking tire tread depth
The handling of your motorcycle can already change
for the worse before the legally
prescribed minimum tread depth
is reached.
Have tires replaced even before the minimum tread depth
is reached.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Measure tire tread depth in
main tread grooves with wear
indicating marks.
Tires have wear indicators
integrated into the main
tread grooves. If the tire tread
has worn down to the level of
the marks, the tire is completely
worn. The locations of the marks
are indicated on the edge of the
tire, e.g. by the letters TI, TWI or
by an arrow.
When the minimum tread depth
is reached:
Replace tires concerned.
Checking rims
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Visually inspect rims for defects.
Have damaged rims checked
and, if necessary, replaced
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Checking spokes
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Sweep across spokes with a
screwdriver handle or similar
item, paying attention to resulting series of notes.
If you hear an uneven series of
notes:
Have spokes checked by a certified workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Wheels
Tire recommendation
For every size of tire, BMW
Motorrad has tested and
approved certain makes as
roadworthy. BMW Motorrad
cannot evaluate the suitability of
other tires, and can therefore
Affect of wheel sizes on
chassis control systems
The wheel sizes play a major role
in the chassis control systems
ABS and ASC. Especially the diameter and width of the wheels
are stored in the control unit as
the basis for all necessary calculations. A change in these sizes
due to conversion to others than
the wheels installed as standard
equipment can seriously affect
the control comfort of these systems.
The sensor wheels required for
wheel speed detection must also
match the control systems installed and may not be replaced.
If you want to equip your motorcycle with different wheels,
please speak to a specialized
workshop, and preferably a BMW
Motorrad retailer. In some cases the data stored in the control
units can be adapted to the new
wheel sizes.
TPC/RDC sticker
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC) OE
8
113
The TPC sensors can be
damaged by improper tire
mounting.
Inform the BMW Motorrad retailer or the specialized workshop
that the wheel is equipped with a
TPC sensor.
On motorcycles equipped with
TPC/RDC, a corresponding sticker is located on the wheel rim
at the position of the TPC/RDC
sensor. During a tire change it
must be ensured that the TPC/
RDC sensor is not damaged. Inform the BMW Motorrad retailer
Maintenance
take no responsibility for their
driving safety.
BMW Motorrad recommends
only using the tires tested and
approved by BMW Motorrad.
Extensive information is available
at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer or on the Internet at
www.bmw-motorrad.com.
z
or the specialized workshop of
the TPC/RDC sensor.
114
Removing front wheel
Maintenance
8
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
z
Unclip two retaining clips 1
of the sensor cable on brake
line.
Mask off area of wheel rim that
could be scratched in process
of removing brake calipers.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped back
over the brake disk on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
Remove securing screws 2 of
left and right brake calipers.
Push brake pads 3 apart
slightly by rocking the brake
caliper 4 back and forth against
the brake disk 5.
Carefully pull brake calipers
back and out until clear of
brake disks.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
8
Remove screw 1 and take ABS
sensor out of hole.
Raise front of motorcycle until
the front wheel can turn freely.
BMW Motorrad recommends
the BMW Motorrad front-wheel
stand for lifting the motorcycle.
Mounting front wheel stand
( 118).
Remove axle clamping screw 2.
Remove quick-release axle 3
while supporting wheel.
Roll front wheel forward to remove.
Remove spacer bushing 4 from
front wheel hub.
Installing front wheel
Malfunctions may occur
during control interventions
by ABS and ASC if a wheel other
than the standard wheel is installed.
Please see the information on
the effect of wheel sizes on the
chassis control systems ABS
and ASC at the beginning of this
chapter.
Maintenance
115
z
8
Maintenance
116
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
tion arrows on the tires or on the
rim.
Roll front wheel into front
wheel guide.
Clamping screw of
quick-release axle
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
z
Lift front wheel and install
quick-release axle 3 with
torque.
Insert spacer bushing 4 into
wheel hub.
The front wheel must be
installed right way round to
rotate in the correct direction.
Observe the direction of rota-
Quick-release axle in axle
mount
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Tighten axle clamping screw 2
with appropriate torque.
Insert ABS sensor into hole
and install screw 1.
Remove front wheel stand.
Ease brake calipers onto brake
disks.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
Make sure that sensor cable is
routed correctly.
Make sure that sensor cable is
routed as shown.
Brake caliper on slider
tube
22 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Remove adhesive tape from
wheel rim.
Braking efficiency is impaired if the brake pads are
not correctly bedded against the
disks.
Before driving off, check that the
braking effect kicks in without
any delay.
117
Removing rear wheel
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Shift into first gear.
Install securing screws 2 on left
and right with specified torque.
8
Maintenance
Operate brakes several times
until brake pads contact brake
disk.
z
Clip in two retaining clips 1 of
the ABS sensor cable on brake
line.
Check fastening of sensor cable on clip 3 and clip in if necessary.
The cable of the wheel
speed sensor could chafe
through if it comes into contact
with the brake disk.
Components of the exhaust
system can be hot.
Do not touch hot parts of the
exhaust system.
8
118
Remove bolts 1 of rear wheel,
holding wheel as you do so.
Set down rear wheel and roll
out toward rear.
Place rear wheel on rear wheel
support.
Maintenance
Installing rear wheel
z
Malfunctions may occur
during control interventions
by ABS and ASC if a wheel other
than the standard wheel is installed.
Please see the information on
the effect of wheel sizes on the
chassis control systems ABS
and ASC at the beginning of this
chapter.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Install wheel studs 1 with specified torque.
Rear wheel on wheel
carrier
Tightening sequence: diagonally
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
Front wheel stand
Mounting front wheel
stand
The BMW Motorrad front
wheel stand is not designed
for holding motorcycles without a
center or other auxiliary stands. A
motorcycle standing on the front
wheel stand and the rear wheel
alone can fall over.
Place the motorcycle on the center stand or an auxiliary stand
before lifting it with the BMW
Motorrad front wheel stand.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
center stand.
Use basic stand (0 402 241)
with front wheel mount
(0 402 242).
8
Loosen adjusting screws 1.
Push two mounts 2 far enough
apart that front suspension fits
between them.
Use locating pins 3 to set front
wheel stand to desired height.
Center front wheel stand relative to front wheel and push it
against front axle.
Align two mounts 2 so that
front forks rest securely on
them.
Tighten adjusting screws 1.
If the motorcycle is resting
on the center stand: The
motorcycle is raised too far at the
front, the center stand lifts off the
ground and the motorcycle can
tip over to the side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the center stand
remains on the ground.
Apply uniform pressure to push
front wheel stand down and
raise motorcycle.
Maintenance
119
z
Lamps
120
A warning appears in the multifunction display if a bulb is defective. If the brake or rear light fails,
the symbol is accompanied by
the 'General' warning light, which
lights up yellow.
Maintenance
8
z
General instructions
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
torcycle is provided in the chapter "Technical Data".
cover 2 by turning counterclockwise.
Replacing low-beam/highbeam bulb
The alignment of the
connector, the spring
strap and the bulb may differ
from that shown in the following
illustrations.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
Disconnect plug 3.
The bulb is pressurized and
can cause injury if damaged.
Wear eye and hand protection
when replacing bulbs.
An overview of the bulb
types installed in your mo-
Remove high-beam headlight
cover 1 or low-beam headlight
Remove spring strap 4 from
detent and fold to side.
Remove bulb 5.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulbs for low-beam
headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for high-beam
headlight
8
121
Insert bulb 5 while ensuring
correct position of lug 6.
Insert plug 3.
The alignment of the
bulb may differ from the
illustration.
Maintenance
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers. For installation, use a clean,
dry cloth. Dirt deposits, in particular oil and grease, interfere
with heat radiation from the bulb.
Overheating and therefore short
service life of the bulbs are the
consequence.
z
Insert spring clip 4 into catch.
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Install high-beam headlight
cover 1 or low-beam headlight
cover 2 by turning clockwise.
Make sure the word TOP is
pointing up.
8
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
Turn handlebars to the right.
Maintenance
122
Replacing parking light
bulb
Pull bulb out of socket.
Insert bulb into bulb socket.
Replace defective bulb.
z
Remove bulb holder 1 from
headlight housing.
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers. For installation, use a clean,
dry cloth. Dirt deposits, in particular oil and grease, interfere
with heat radiation from the bulb.
Overheating and therefore short
service life of the bulbs are the
consequence.
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Insert bulb holder 1 into headlight housing.
Replace defective bulb.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Pull glass on screw connection
side out of mirror housing.
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers. For installation, use a clean,
dry cloth. Dirt deposits, in particular oil and grease, interfere
with heat radiation from the bulb.
Overheating and therefore short
service life of the bulbs are the
consequence.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, front
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Remove screw 1.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Remove bulb 2 from
light housing by turning it
counterclockwise.
8
123
Maintenance
Replacing front and rear
turn indicator bulbs
z
8
Maintenance
124
Install bulb 2 by turning clockwise in light housing.
z
Install screw 1.
Replacing additional
headlight bulbs
with additional headlight OE
Open connector 1.
Slacken screw 2.
Swivel headlight housing toward front.
The following description
only applies to additional
headlights with halogen bulbs.
The additional headlight based
on LED technology can only be
replaced completely.
Insert inside end of lens into
light housing and close.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Remove four screws 3.
Remove lamp cover 4 downward.
Replace defective bulb.
8
Bulb for additional headlight
125
with additional LED headlight OA
LED / 12 V
Press lamp housing 5 into
locking device from below.
Pull lamp housing 5 downward
out of locking device.
z
Insert bulb 6 into fitting and
install by turning clockwise.
Remove bulb 6 by turning
counterclockwise.
Maintenance
H11 / 12 V / 55 W
Position lamp cover 4 from below.
Install four screws 3.
8
Swivel headlight housing toward rear.
Maintenance
126
z
Take off side cover 1.
Tighten screw 2.
Close connector 1.
Adjust headlight so that oncoming traffic is not dazzled.
To do this, press together retaining clips 3 on left and right
and pull off connector.
Replacing fuses for
additional headlight
with additional headlight OE
Open connector 2.
Replace fuse 4 for right headlight or fuse 5 for left headlight.
8
Fuse for auxiliary headlight
or
127
with additional headlight OE
7.5 A
Mount side cover 1.
Air filter
Remove long screw 1 and
short screws 2 and take off
cover.
Removing air filter
Maintenance
with additional LED headlight OA
z
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Removing driver's seat ( 72).
Close connector 2.
Remove screw 3.
Pull side cover out of brackets
in areas 4 and 5.
Press bottom of air filter into
air filter housing, making sure
not to bend its layers in the
process.
8
Maintenance
128
Remove two screws 6 and pull
tank cover out of bracket 7.
Pull out bottom end of air filter 3.
Installing air filter
z
Lay suction pipe on air filter
housing and press into bracket 2.
Slide retaining brackets 1 into
holder until they audibly click
into place.
Slide out both retaining brackets 1 by pressing on their rear
ends.
Pull suction pipe out of bracket 2 and remove.
Insert top of air filter 3 into air
filter housing.
8
Asynchronously running
engine.
Ensure correct routing of the
throttle control cable.
Insert tank cover in bracket 7
and install two screws 6.
Position cover and install short
screws 2 and long screw 1.
Installing driver's seat ( 72).
Jump-starting
Make sure that throttle valve
cable is seated in guide 4 of
intake manifold and throttle
valve is resting against stop.
Insert side cover in brackets in
areas 4 and 5.
Install screw 3.
The wires leading to the
power socket do not have
a load-capacity rating adequate
for jump-starting the engine. Excessively high current can lead
to a cable fire or damage to the
motorcycle electronics.
Do not use the onboard socket
to jump-start the engine of the
motorcycle.
Maintenance
129
z
8
Maintenance
130
z
A short-circuit can result
if the crocodile clips of
the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with the
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
fully insulated crocodile clips at
both ends.
Jump-starting with a donorbattery voltage higher than
12 V can damage the motorcycle
electronics.
The battery of the donor vehicle
must have a voltage of 12 V.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Removing driver's seat ( 72).
When jump-starting the engine,
do not disconnect the battery
from the onboard electrical system.
As an alternative to the
negative battery terminal,
the spring strut bolt can also be
used.
Remove protective cap 1 from
positive battery terminal.
First connect positive terminal
of drained battery to positive
terminal of charging battery
with red jumper cable (positive
terminal on this vehicle: Position 2).
Connect black jumper cable
to negative terminal of charging battery and then to negative terminal of drained battery
(negative terminal on this vehicle: Position 3).
Run engine of donor vehicle
during jump-starting.
Start engine of the vehicle with
discharged battery in usual
way; if engine does not start,
wait a few minutes before repeating attempt in order to protect starter motor and donor
battery.
Allow both engines to idle for a
few minutes before disconnecting jump leads.
Disconnect jump lead from
negative terminals first, then
disconnect second lead from
positive terminals.
Place protective cover back
onto positive battery terminal.
To start the engine, do not
use start sprays or similar
items.
72).
Battery
Maintenance instructions
Correct upkeep, recharging and
storage will prolong the life of
the battery and are essential if
warranty claims are to be considered.
Compliance with the points below is important in order to maximize battery life:
Keep the surface of the battery
clean and dry
Do not open the battery
Do not top up with water
Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions for charging the battery on the following
pages
Do not turn the battery upside
down
If the battery is not disconnected, the onboard electronics (clock etc.) will drain the
battery. This can cause the battery to run flat. If this happens,
warranty claims will not be accepted.
During periods when the motorcycle is not being used, of more
than four weeks, disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle or
connect a trickle charger to the
battery.
BMW Motorrad has developed a trickle-charger specially designed for compatibility
with the electronics of your motorcycle. Using this charger, you
can keep the battery charged
during long periods when the
motorcycle is not being used
without having to disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle's
onboard systems. Additional information is available at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Charging connected
battery
8
Charging the connected
battery directly at the battery terminals can damage the
motorcycle electronics.
To charge the battery via the
battery terminals, disconnect the
battery first.
131
If you switch on the ignition and the multifunction
display and indicator lights fail to
light up, the battery is completely flat. Attempting to charge a
completely flat battery via the onboard socket can cause damage
to the motorcycle's electronics.
Always charge a completely
drained battery directly at the
terminals of the disconnected
battery.
Charging the battery via
the onboard socket is only
possible with suitable chargers.
Unsuitable chargers can result in
Maintenance
Installing driver's seat (
z
8
Maintenance
132
z
damage to the motorcycle electronics.
Use BMW chargers with the
part numbers 71 60 7 688 864
(220 V) or, as applicable,
71 60 7 688 865 (110 V). If in
doubt, charge the disconnected
battery directly at the terminals.
Charge disconnected battery
via onboard socket.
The motorcycle's onboard
electronics know when the
battery is fully charged. The
onboard socket is switched off
when this happens.
Comply with operating instructions of charger.
If you are unable to
charge the battery via
the onboard socket, you
may be using a charger that
is not compatible with your
motorcycle's electronics. In this
case, please charge the battery
directly at the terminals of the
disconnected battery.
Remove Rider's Manual if necessary.
Charging disconnected
battery
Charge battery using a suitable
charger.
Comply with the operating instructions of the charger.
Once the battery is fully
charged, disconnect the
charger's terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
In the case of longer periods when the motorcycle is
not being used, the battery must
be recharged regularly. See the
instructions for caring for your
battery. Always fully recharge
the battery before returning it to
use.
Removing battery
Removing driver's seat (
72).
Remove screw 1 and take off
holder.
with anti-theft alarm OE
Switch off anti-theft alarm if
necessary.
Switch off ignition.
Installing battery
An incorrect disconnection
sequence increase the risk
of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper
sequence.
Remove battery ground wire 1
first.
Then take off protective cap
and remove positive battery
cable 2.
Remove screw 3 from battery
retaining hoop.
Unhook retaining hoop and remove.
Place battery in battery compartment, positive terminal on
right in direction of travel.
Hook in retaining strap underneath and slide over battery.
Install screw 3 of battery retaining hoop.
An incorrect installation sequence increases the risk
of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper sequence.
Never install the battery without
the protective cap.
First install positive battery cable 2.
Attach negative battery cable 1.
Switch on ignition.
If the motorcycle was disconnected from the battery for a longer time, the current
date must be entered in the instrument cluster to ensure the
proper operation of the service
display.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer, for setting of
the date.
Fully open throttle once or
twice.
Engine control unit detects
throttle valve control.
8
133
Maintenance
Lift battery up and out, using
tilting movements if it is difficult
to move.
z
8
Maintenance
134
z
Position holder and install
screw 1.
Insert Rider's Manual if necessary.
Installing driver's seat (
Setting clock ( 48).
72).
Care
Care
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . 136
9
135
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Protective wax coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Storing motorcycle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Returning motorcycle to use . . . . . . . 138
Care
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle
parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
z
9
Care
136
z
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use cleaning and care
products available at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW CareProducts have been
materials tested, laboratory tested, and field tested and provide
optimum care and protection for
the materials used in your motorcycle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products
can damage motorcycle
components.
For cleaning, do not use any solvents such as nitro-thinners, cold
cleaning agents, fuel or similar,
and do not use cleaning agents
that contain alcohol.
Washing your
motorcycle
and pads are dry or braked until
dry.
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW Insect Remover to soften and wash off
insects and stubborn dirt from
painted parts before washing the
motorcycle.
To prevent stains, do not wash
the motorcycle immediately after
it has been exposed to bright
sunlight and do not wash it in the
sun.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is washed frequently, especially
during the winter months.
To remove road salt, clean the
motorcycle with cold water immediately after every trip.
Warm water intensifies the
effect of salt.
Only use cold water to remove
road salt.
After washing the motorcycle, after driving through
water or in the rain, braking can
be delayed due to damp brake
disks and brake pads.
Brake early until the brake disks
If plastic parts are cleaned
using unsuitable cleaning
agents, the surfaces can be damaged.
Do not use cleaning agents that
The high pressure of steam
cleaners can damage seals,
the hydraulic brake system, the
electrical system and the seat.
Do not use a steam jet or highpressure cleaning equipment.
Cleaning sensitive
motorcycle parts
Fairings
Clean body panels with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion.
Soften stubborn dirt and
dead insects by covering
the affected areas with a wet
cloth.
Windscreen and headlight
lenses made of plastic
Clean off dirt and insects with a
soft sponge and plenty of water.
Fuel and chemical solvents
attack the windshield material; the windshield becomes
cloudy or dull.
Do not use cleaning agents.
Chrome
Especially in the case of road
salt, carefully clean chrome parts
with plenty of water and BMW
auto shampoo. Use chrome polish for additional treatment.
Radiator
Clean the radiator regularly to
prevent overheating of the engine due to inadequate cooling.
For example, use a garden hose
with low water pressure.
Cooling fins can be bent
easily.
When cleaning the radiator, ensure that the fins are not bent.
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber protection
coating agent.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals can
cause damage.
Do not use silicon sprays or other care products that contain
silicon.
Paint care
Washing the motorcycle regularly
will help counteract the long-term
effects of substances that damage the paint, especially if your
motorcycle is ridden in areas
with high air pollution or natural
sources of dirt, e.g. tree resin or
pollen.
However, remove particularly aggressive materials immediately;
otherwise changes in the paint or
discoloration can occur. These
include spilled fuel, oil, grease,
brake fluid as well as bird droppings. BMW Car Polish or BMW
Paint Cleaner are recommended
for this.
Contamination of the paint finish
is particularly easy to see after
the motorcycle has been washed.
Remove this type of soiling with
cleaning naphtha or spirit on a
clean cloth or cotton ball. BMW
Motorrad recommends removing tar spots with BMW Tar Re-
9
137
Care
contain alcohol, solvents or abrasives to clean plastic parts.
'Fly sponges' or sponges with
hard surfaces can also lead to
scratches.
z
9
138
mover. Then add a protective
wax coating to the paint at these
locations.
Care
Protective wax coating
z
To preserve the finish of your
motorcycle, BMW Motorrad recommends using BMW Car Wax
or agents that contain carnauba
or synthetic waxes.
A sure sign that the paint must
be protected, is the fact that water no longer pearls up on it.
Storing motorcycle
Clean the motorcycle.
Removing battery ( 132).
Spray the brake and clutch
lever, and the main and side
stand pivots with a suitable lubricant.
Coat bare metal and chromeplated parts with an acid-free
grease (e.g. Vaseline).
Park motorcycle in a dry room
so that both wheels are unloaded. Appropriate auxiliary
stands are available at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Before putting the motorcycle into storage, have
the engine oil and the oil filter
element changed by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Combine work for storing/returning to use with maintenance service or an inspection.
Returning motorcycle
to use
Remove the protective wax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting: Observe
checklist.
Technical data
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
10
139
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Technical data
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
z
10
Technical data
140
z
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start at all or is very difficult to start.
Possible cause
Remedy
Emergency ON/OFF switch
Emergency ON/OFF switch in operating position
Side stand
Retract the side stand. (
Gear engaged and clutch not operated
Select neutral or pull clutch lever (
Clutch disengaged before ignition on
Switch on the ignition, then pull the clutch lever
No fuel in tank
Refueling (
Battery drained
Charging connected battery (
78)
78)
84).
131).
Threaded fasteners
Value
Valid
141
Brake caliper on slider tube
M8 x 32 - 10.9
22 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Clamping screw of quick-release
axle
M8 x 35
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Quick-release axle in axle mount
M24 x 1.5
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Rear wheel
Value
Valid
z
Rear wheel on wheel carrier
M10 x 53 x 1.25
diagonally
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
Mirror arm
Value
Mirror on adapter
Locknut, M10 x 1.25 - 4.8
10
Technical data
Front wheel
16 lb/ft (22 Nm)
Valid
10
Technical data
142
z
Mirror arm
Value
Valid
Mirror adapter on clamping
block
M10 x 14 - 4.8
18 lb/ft (25 Nm)
Shift lever
Value
Foot piece on gearshift lever
M6 x 16
6 lb/ft (8 Nm)
Valid
Engine design
Longitudinally mounted two-cylinder opposed-twin
engine with two overhead camshafts each, four
radially arranged valves per cylinder, air cooling,
oil-cooled outlet area and electronic engine management
Displacement
1170 cc (1170 cm3)
Cylinder bore
4 in (101 mm)
Piston stroke
2.9 in (73 mm)
Compression ratio
12.0:1
Rated output
110 hp (81 kW), at engine speed: 7750 min-1
with power reduction OE
Torque
with power reduction OE
98 hp (72 kW), at engine speed: 7750 min-1
89 lb/ft (120 Nm), at engine speed: 6000 min-1
89 lb/ft (120 Nm), at engine speed: 6000 min-1
Maximum engine speed
max 8500 min-1
Idle speed
1150±50 min-1, Engine at operating temperature
10
143
Technical data
Engine
z
10
Technical data
144
z
Fuel
Recommended fuel quality
Super Plus unleaded
91 AKI (98 ROZ/RON)
91 AKI
alternative fuel quality
Super unleaded (minor restrictions with regard to
power and fuel consumption)
89 AKI (95 ROZ/RON)
89 AKI
with regular unleaded gasoline (RON 91) OE
Regular unleaded (restrictions with regard to power and fuel consumption)
87 AKI (91 ROZ/RON)
87 AKI
Usable fuel quantity
Approx. 8.7 gal (Approx. 33 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
Approx. 1.1 gal (Approx. 4 l)
BMW recommends
Engine oil, capacity
max 1.1 gal (max 4.0 l), with filter change
products recommended by BMW Motorrad and generally permissible viscosity classes
Castrol GPS SAE 10W-40, API SG/JASO MA
~-4 °F (~-20 °C)
SAE 5W-40, API SF/ACEA A2, or better
~-4 °F (~-20 °C)
SAE 5W-~50, API SF/ACEA A2, or better
~-4 °F (~-20 °C)
SAE 10W-40, API SF/ACEA A2, or better
~14 °F (~-10 °C)
SAE 10W-~50, API SF/ACEA A2, or better
~-4 °F (~-20 °C)
SAE 15W-~40, API SF/ACEA A2, or better
~32 °F (~0 °C)
Engine oil, quantity for topping up
max 0.5 quarts (max 0.5 l), Difference between
MIN and MAX
BMW recommends
10
145
Technical data
Engine oil
z
10
146
Clutch
Clutch design
Single-plate dry clutch
Technical data
Transmission
Transmission design
Helical 6-speed transmission with integrated torsional vibration damper, claw shifting via sliding
sleeves
Transmission gear ratios
1,737, Primary gear ratio
2.375 (38:16 teeth), 1st gear
1.696 (39:23 teeth), 2nd gear
1.296 (35:27 teeth), 3rd gear
1.065 (33:31 teeth), 4th gear
0.939 (31:33 teeth), 5th gear
0.848 (28:33 teeth), 6th gear
z
with Enduro transmission OE
1,737, Primary gear ratio
2.600 (39:15 teeth), 1st gear
1.696 (39:23 teeth), 2nd gear
1.296 (35:27 teeth), 3rd gear
1.065 (33:31 teeth), 4th gear
0.939 (31:33 teeth), 5th gear
0.848 (28:33 teeth), 6th gear
Type of final drive
Shaft drive with bevel gears
Type of rear suspension
Cast-aluminum single swing arm with BMW
Motorrad Paralever
Gear ratio of final drive
2.910 (32:11 teeth)
Running gear
Front wheel
Type of front suspension
BMW Telelever, upper fork bridge tilt decoupled,
leading link mounted in engine and on telescopic
fork, centrally positioned spring strut supported on
leading link and front frame
Design of front suspension strut
Central spring strut with helical compression
spring and twin-tube shock absorber,
mechanically adjustable spring preload
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Spring travel, front
Central spring strut with single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber, electrically adjustable reboundstage damping and electro-hydraulically adjustable
spring preload
8.3 in (210 mm), On wheel
10
147
Technical data
Rear-wheel drive
z
10
Technical data
148
z
Rear wheel
Type of rear suspension
Cast-aluminum single swing arm with BMW
Motorrad Paralever
Type of rear suspension
Central spring strut with coil spring, steplessly adjustable rebound-stage damping and hydraulically
adjustable spring preload
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Spring travel at rear wheel
Central spring strut with coil spring, electrically
adjustable rebound-stage damping and electrohydraulically adjustable spring preload
8.7 in (220 mm)
Brakes
Type of front brake
Hydraulically operated twin disk brake with 4-piston fixed calipers and floating brake disks
Brake-pad material, front
Sintered metal
Type of rear brake
Hydraulic disk brake with 2-piston floating caliper
and fixed brake disk
Brake-pad material, rear
with BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
Organic
II OE
Sintered metal
Wheels and tires
Recommended tire combinations
You can obtain an overview of the current tire
approvals from your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer or on the Internet at www.bmw-motorrad.com.
10
149
Front wheel design
Cross-spoke wheel with 40 spokes, MT H2
Front-wheel rim size
2.50" x 19"
Front tire designation
110/80 - 19
Rear wheel
Rear wheel design
Cross-spoke wheel with 40 spokes, MT H2
Rear-wheel rim size
4.00" x 17"
Rear tire designation
150/70 - 17
Tire inflation pressures
Tire pressure, front
31.9 psi (2.2 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Driver with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Tire pressure, rear
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Driver with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Technical data
Front wheel
z
10
150
Electrical system
Electrical rating of onboard socket
with additional onboard socket OA
Technical data
Fuses
z
5A
max 5 A, all onboard sockets together
The electrical circuits are electronically protected.
If an electronic fuse trips and de-energizes a circuit, the circuit is active as soon as the ignition is
switched on after the fault has been rectified.
Fuse for auxiliary headlight
with additional headlight OE
7.5 A
or
with additional LED headlight OA
Battery
Battery design
AGM (Absorptive Glass Mat) battery.
Battery voltage
12 V
Battery capacity
14 Ah
Spark plugs
Spark plugs, manufacturer and designation
NGK MAR8B-JDS
Electrode gap of spark plug
0.03±0.01 in (0.8±0.1 mm)
Bulb for high-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulbs for low-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb for taillight/brake light
LED / 12 V
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, front
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, rear
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Bulb for additional headlight
with additional headlight OE
H11 / 12 V / 55 W
with additional LED headlight OA
LED / 12 V
10
151
Technical data
Bulbs
z
10
Technical data
152
z
Frame
Frame design
Steel-tube front and rear frame with carrying drive
unit
Location of type plate
Left side under side cover
Location of vehicle identification number
Front frame, upper center
Dimensions
Motorcycle length
88.2 in (2240 mm), above luggage rack
Motorcycle height
60 in (1525 mm), Across windshield, at DIN unladen weight
Motorcycle width
38.6 in (980 mm), Across handlebars
Driver's seat height
35...35.8 in (890...910 mm), at unladen weight
Unladen weight
564 lbs (256 kg), DIN unladen weight, ready for
road, 90 % full tank of gas, without OE
Permissible gross weight
1047 lbs (475 kg)
Maximum payload
483 lbs (219 kg)
Riding specifications
Top speed
>124 mph (>200 km/h)
10
153
Technical data
Weights
z
Technical data
10
154
z
Service
Service
Reporting safety defects . . . . . . . . . . . 156
BMW Motorrad Service . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
11
155
BMW Motorrad Mobility Services onsite breakdown service . . . . . . . . . . 157
BMW Motorrad Service
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Confirmation of maintenance
work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Confirmation of service . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Service
BMW Motorrad Service Quality . . . . 157
z
11
Service
156
z
Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause
injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying BMW of North America, LLC.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your
dealer, or BMW of North America, LCC.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-3274236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. You can also obtain
other information about motor vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Advanced technology requires
specially adapted methods of
maintenance and repair.
If this maintenance and repair work is performed inexpertly, there is a danger of damage and associated safety risks.
BMW Motorrad recommends
having corresponding work on
your motorcycle carried out by a
specialized workshop, preferably
by an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
You can obtain information on
the contents of the BMW Services from your BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Have all maintenance and repair
work carried out confirmed in the
"Service" chapter in this manual.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is supplied with all the
latest technical information and
therefore possesses the neces-
sary technical know-how. BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
refer any questions about your
motorcycle to your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality
BMW Motorrad means not only
quality workmanship and high
reliability, but also an outstanding
quality of service.
To ensure that your BMW is always in optimum condition, BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
adhere to the regular maintenance schedule for your motorcycle, preferably having the work
done by your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer. For generous
treatment of claims submitted
after the warranty period has expired, evidence of regular maintenance is essential.
Certain signs of wear, moreover,
may otherwise not be noticed
until it is too late to correct them
at moderate cost. The workshop
personnel at BMW Motorrad retailers have thorough knowledge
of your motorcycle and can take
action before minor problems can
turn into major trouble. By having
the necessary repairs done properly and in good time, you save
time and money in the long run.
BMW Motorrad Mobility
Services - onsite
breakdown service
With all new BMW motorcycles,
BMW Motorrad Mobility Services protect you in the event
of a breakdown with an extensive range of services such as
breakdown assistance, motorcycle transportation etc. (differing
regulations are possible in individual countries). In the case of a
breakdown, you contact the Mobile Service of BMW Motorrad.
Here you will find our specialists
11
157
Service
BMW Motorrad Service
z
11
Service
158
z
ready to help with both advice
and action.
Important country-specific contact addresses and the relevant
after-sales service organization
phone numbers as well as information on Mobile Service and
the retail network can be found
in the "Service Kontakt/Service
Contact" brochures.
BMW Motorrad Service
Network
With its worldwide service network, BMW Motorrad can attend
to you and your motorcycle in
over 100 countries around the
globe. In Germany alone, there
are approximately 200 authorized
BMW Motorrad retailers ready to
assist you.
All information concerning the international dealership network
can be found in the brochure
"Service Contact Europe" or
"Service Contact Africa, America, Asia, Australia, Oceania".
Maintenance work
BMW Pre-Delivery Check
The BMW pre-delivery check is
carried out by your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer before it
turns over the motorcycle to you.
BMW Running-in Check
The BMW running-in check has
to be performed when the motorcycle has covered between
300 miles (500 km) and 750
miles (1,200 km).
BMW Service
BMW Service is carried out once
a year. The scope of the services performed may be dependent on the vehicle owner and
the mileage driven. Your BMW
Motorrad retailer confirms that
the service has been performed
and enters the date for the next
service.
For drivers who drive long distances annually, it may be necessary to come in for service before
the entered date. In this case a
corresponding maximum odometer reading will also be entered in
the confirmation of service. If this
odometer reading is reached before the next service date, service
must be performed sooner.
The service display in the multifunction display reminds you of
the next service date approx. one
month or 600 miles (1,000 km)
before the entered values.
BMW Pre-Delivery
Check
BMW Running-in
Check
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
11
159
Service
Confirmation of maintenance work
z
11
Service
160
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
11
161
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
162
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
11
163
Service
BMW Service
z
11
164
Confirmation of service
The table is intended as proof of maintenance and repair work, the installed optional accessories and any
special campaign (recall) work carried out.
Service
Work carried out
z
Odometer
reading
Date
Odometer
reading
Date
11
165
Service
Work carried out
z
12
Index
166
z
A
Abbreviations and symbols, 6
ABS
Operating element, 14
Operation, 58
Self-diagnosis, 80
Technology in detail, 88
Warning indicators, 31
Accessories
General instructions, 96
Additional headlight
Operating element, 14
Operation, 55
Air filter
Installing, 128
Position in motorcycle, 13
Removing, 127
Anti-theft alarm
Indicator light, 18
Warning indicators, 42
ASC
Operating element, 14
Operation, 59
Self-diagnosis, 80
Technology in detail, 90
Warning indicators, 33
B
Battery
Charging connected
battery, 131
Charging current warning
indicator, 28
Charging disconnected
battery, 132
Installing, 133
Location, 17
Maintenance instructions, 131
BMW Motorrad Service, 157
Brake fluid
Front reservoir, 13
Rear reservoir, 13
Brake pads
Running in, 81
Brakes
Adjusting brake lever, 62
Checking front brake fluid
level, 109
Checking front pad
thickness, 106
Checking operation, 106
Checking rear brake fluid
level, 110
Checking rear pad
thickness, 107
Safety instructions, 83
Technical data, 148
Wear indicator, 108
C
Case
Operation, 97
Checklist, 78
Clock, 22
Adjusting, 48
Operating element, 18
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever, 62
Checking fluid level, 111
Checking operation, 111
D
Damping
Adjusting, 67
Rear adjustment element, 11
Dimensions, 152
Display
See Multifunction display, 18
E
Electrical system
Technical data, 150
Emergency ON/OFF switch, 16,
57
Engine
Engine-electronics warning
indicator, 27
Starting, 78
Technical data, 143
Temperature display, 22
Engine oil
Checking fill level, 105
Engine oil-level warning
indicator, 31
Engine oil-pressure warning
indicator, 28
Fill level indicator, 11
Fill location, 13
Technical data, 145
Topping up, 106
Equipment, 7
ESA
Operating element, 14
Operation, 68
Technology in detail, 93
F
Frame
Technical data, 152
Front wheel stand
Mounting, 118
Fuel
Fill level indicator, 22
Fill location, 13
Refueling, 84
Reserve-quantity warning
indicator, 27
Technical data, 144
Fuses, 150
For additional headlight
bulbs, 126
G
Gear indicator, 22
H
Handlebar fittings
General view, left , 14
General view, right, 16
Handlebars
Adjusting, 65
Hazard warning flashers
Operating element, 14, 16
Operation, 56
12
167
Index
Fluid reservoir, 11
Technical data, 146
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 159
Currentness of this manual, 7
z
12
Index
168
z
Headlight
Headlight range, 71
Headlight range adjustment, 11
Overview, 19
RHD/LHD traffic, 70
Headlight flasher, 14
Heated hand grips
Operating element, 16
Helmet holder, 17, 73
High-beam headlight
Indicator light, 22
Operating element, 14
Switch on, 55
Horn, 14
I
Idling
Indicator light, 22
Ignition
Switching off, 46
Switching on, 46
Immobilizer, 47
Warning indicator, 27
Indicator lights
Overview, 22
Instrument cluster
Overview, 18
J
Jump-starting, 129
K
Keys, 46
L
Lamps
Bulb-defect warning
indicator, 28, 29
General instructions, 120
Headlight overview, 19
Replacing additional headlight
bulb, 124
Replacing fuses for additional
headlight bulbs, 126
Replacing high-beam bulb, 120
Replacing low-beam bulb, 120
Replacing parking light
bulb, 122
Replacing turn indicator
bulbs, 123
Technical data, 151
Lights
Additional headlight, 55
Headlight flasher, 55
Parking light, 55
Switch on low-beam
headlight, 55
Switching on high-beam
headlight, 55
Switching on parking lights, 54
Low-beam headlight
Switch on, 55
Luggage
Information on loading and
securing, 76
M
Maintenance, 158
General instructions, 104
Mirrors
Adjusting, 64
Mobility Services, 157
Motorcycle
Returning to use, 138
Storing, 138
O
Odometer and tripmeters, 22
Operating element, 18
Operation, 49
Offroad riding, 82
Onboard computer
Ambient temperature, 51
Average consumption, 52
Average speed, 52
Oil level indicator, 53
Operating element, 14
Operation, 51
Range, 53
Status indicators, 23
Warning indicators, 29
Onboard socket, 11
Information on use, 96
Onboard toolkit
Contents, 104
Location, 17
Overview of warning
indicators, 26, 30, 32, 34, 38,
43
Overviews
Headlight, 19
Indicator lights, 22
Instrument cluster, 18
Left side of motorcycle, 11
Left-hand handlebar fitting, 14
Multifunction display, 22
Right side of motorcycle, 13
Right-hand handlebar fitting, 16
Underneath seat, 17
P
Parking, 84
Parking light, 55
Parking lights
Switching on, 54
Pre-ride check, 79
R
Rear-wheel drive
Technical data, 147
Refueling, 13, 84
Reserve quantity
Warning indicator, 27
Residual range, 50
Rider's Manual
Location, 17
Running gear
Technical data, 147
Running in, 81
S
Safety instructions
On driving, 76
Seats
Adjusting seat height, 61
Locking device, 11
Removing and installing, 71
Service, 157
Reporting safety defects, 156
Service display, 23
Shift lever
Adjusting, 63
12
169
Index
Multifunction display, 18
Overview, 22
z
12
Index
170
z
Spark plugs
Technical data, 150
Speedometer, 18
Spring preload
Adjusting, 65
Front adjustment element, 11
Rear adjustment element, 13
Starting, 78
Operating element, 16
Status indicators
Standard displays, 22
Warning indicators, 24
With onboard computer, 23
With TPC/RDC, 24
Steering lock, 46
Storing, 138
Switching off, 84
T
Tachometer, 18
Technical data
Brakes, 148
Bulbs, 151
Clutch, 146
Dimensions, 152
Electrical system, 150
Engine, 143
Engine oil, 145
Frame, 152
Fuel, 144
Rear-wheel drive, 147
Running gear, 147
Spark plugs, 150
Standards, 7
Transmission, 146
Weights, 153
Wheels and tires, 149
Tire Pressure Control TPC/RDC
Operation, 54
Rim sticker, 113
Status indicators, 24
Technology in detail, 92
Warning indicators, 36
Tires
Checking inflation pressure, 70
Inflation pressure table, 17
Inflation pressures, 149
Recommendation, 112
Running in, 81
Technical data, 149
Top speed, 77
Topcase
Operation, 99
Torques, 141
Transmission
Technical data, 146
Transport
Lashing down, 86
Troubleshooting chart, 140
Turn indicators
Indicator light, 22
Operating element, left, 14
Operating element, right, 16
Operation, 56
Type plate, 11
V
Vehicle Identification Number, 13
12
171
Index
W
Warning indicators, 24
With ABS, 31
With anti-theft alarm, 42
With ASC, 33
With onboard computer, 29
With TPC/RDC, 36
Weights, 153
Payload table, 17
Wheels
Checking spokes, 112
Installing front wheel, 115
Installing rear wheel, 118
Removing front wheel, 114
Removing rear wheel, 117
Size change, 113
Technical data, 149
Windshield
Adjusting, 61
Adjustment element, 11
z
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