ESU LokPilot V4.0 Non-Sound Decoder

ESU LokPilot V4.0 Non-Sound Decoder
LokPilot V4.0
Instruction Manual
6. Edition, February 2013
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
P/N 51986
Content
1. Declaration of Conformity....................................... 5
2. WEEE-Declaration..................................................... 5
3. Important Notes – Please read this chapter first.... 5
4. How this manual helps you..................................... 6
5. Introduction – The LokPilot Family.......................... 7
5.1. Overview of the LokPilot V4.0 decoders.........................7
5.2. Members of the LokPilot Family.....................................8
5.2.1. LokPilot V4.0..............................................................8
5.2.2. LokPilot V4.0 DCC......................................................8
5.2.3. LokPilot micro V4.0 . ..................................................8
5.2.4. LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC............................................8
5.2.5. LokPilot XL V4.0..........................................................8
5.2.6. LokPilot V4.0 M4........................................................8
5.2.7. LokPilot Fx V4.0..........................................................9
5.2. General Properties of all Decoders.................................9
5.2.1. Operating Modes........................................................9
5.2.2. Motor Control............................................................9
5.2.3. Analogue Mode........................................................10
5.2.4. Functions..................................................................10
5.2.5. Programming............................................................10
5.2.6. Operational Reliability...............................................10
5.2.7. Protection.................................................................10
5.2.8. Future built-in...........................................................10
6. Installing the Decoder............................................ 11
6.1. Requirements for Installation........................................11
6.2. Installing the Decoder..................................................11
6.3. Locomotives with 8-pin NEM 652 interface..................11
6.4. Locomotives with 6-pin NEM 651 interface..................12
6.5. Locomotives with 21MTC interface..............................12
6.5.1. Connecting C-Sine motors („SoftDrive-Sinus“).........13
6.6. Loks mit PluX-Schnittstelle...........................................14
2
6.7. Locomotives with Next18 interface..............................14
6.8. Locomotives without interface.....................................14
6.8.1. Wiring Diagram for LokPilot......................................14
6.8.2. Wiring Diagram for LokPilot micro............................15
6.8.3. Wiring Diagram for LokPilot Fx..................................15
6.8.4. Wiring diagram for LokPilot XL decoders..................16
6.8.4.1. Wiring to LGB® gear boxes...................................16
6.8.4.2. Wiring to an LGB® interface..................................17
6.8.4.3. Wiring to the Aristocraft® interface.......................17
6.8.5. Colour Coding by Märklin® . ...................................18
6.8.6. Motor and track connections....................................18
6.8.6.1. Connecting DC and Coreless Motors.....................18
6.8.6.2. Connecting Univers. Motors with HAMO-Conversions.19
6.9. Connecting Additional Functions.................................19
6.9.1. Overload Protection of Function Outputs (Blinking)...19
6.9.1.1. Suitable light bulbs................................................19
6.9.1.2. Micro incandescent lamps wired to LokPilot XL......19
6.9.2. Using LEDs................................................................20
6.9.3. Connecting the Light Outputs, AUX1 and AUX2.......21
6.9.4. Using AUX3 and AUX4.............................................21
6.9.4.1. LokPilot with 21MTC interface...............................21
6.9.4.2. LokPilot with PluX22 interface...............................21
6.9.4.3. LokPilot Fx V4.0.....................................................21
6.9.5. AUX5 to AUX 6 .......................................................21
6.9.5.1. Servo outputs........................................................22
6.9.6. Suitable Smoke Generators.......................................22
6.9.7.1. HALL Sensor IC......................................................22
6.9.7.2. Reed switch sensor................................................23
6.10. Connecting Capacitors..............................................23
6.10.1. LokPilot H0, LokPilot micro decoders.......................23
6.10.2. Optional “PowerPack” .........................................24
7. Initial Operation...................................................... 25
7.1. Factory Default Values..................................................25
7.2. Digital Operating Modes..............................................25
7.2.1. DCC-Betrieb.............................................................25
7.2.1.1. DCC Speed Steps („flashing lights“)......................25
7.2.1.2. Auto-detection of DCC Speed Steps......................26
Content
7.2.2. Motorola® mode......................................................26
7.2.2.1. 28 Speed Steps......................................................26
7.2.2.2. Extended Motorola® address range.......................26
7.2.3. Selectrix® mode.......................................................27
7.2.4. M4 mode..................................................................27
7.3. Analogue mode...........................................................27
7.3.1. Analogue DC operation............................................27
7.3.2. Analogue AC operation............................................28
8.1. Adjustable Properties of Decoders . .............................28
8.1.1. M4 configuration range............................................29
8.1.2. M4, the mfx® compatible protocol by ESU...............29
8.1.1. Configuration Variables (CVs)...................................30
8.1.1.1. Standardisation in the NMRA.................................30
8.1.1.2. Bits and Bytes........................................................30
8.2. Programming with popular digital systems...................30
8.2.1. Programming with DCC Systems..............................31
8.2.2. Programming with the ESU ECoS..............................31
8.2.3. Programming with Märklin® 6021...........................31
8.2.3.1. Changing to the Programming Mode....................32
8.2.3.2. Short Mode...........................................................32
8.2.3.3. Long Mode............................................................32
8.2.4. Programming with the Märklin® Mobile Station®....33
8.2.5. Programming with the Märklin® Central Station......33
8.2.6. Programming with the ESU LokProgrammer.............34
8.2.7. Programming with the ROCO® Multimaus .............34
8.2.8. Programming with the ROCO® LokMaus II...............35
10.1. Acceleration and deceleration....................................38
10.1.1. Switching acceleration / deceleration......................38
10.1.2. Shunting mode.......................................................38
10.2. Starting Voltage, Maximum and Medium Speed........38
10.3. Speed Curve .............................................................39
10.4. Changing between operating modes . ......................39
10.4.1. Changing from Digital to Analogue DC .................39
10.4.2. Changing from Digital to Analogue AC .................40
10.4.3. Changing from Analogue to Digital (Directional Bit).40
10.4.4. Changing from Digital to Digital ............................40
10.4.5. Changing modes with analogue mode turned off...40
10.5. Brake sectors.............................................................41
10.5.1. DC brake mode......................................................41
10.5.2. Märklin® brake mode.............................................41
10.5.3. Selectrix® Diode Brake Sector.................................41
10.5.4. Lenz® ABC brake mode.........................................41
10.5.4.1. ABC “slow approach” section.............................42
10.5.4.2. ABC detection threshold......................................42
10.6. Constant brake distance ...........................................42
10.6.1. Linear braking distance...........................................43
10.6.2. Constant Linear Braking Distance............................43
10.6.3. Push-pull trains.......................................................43
10.6.4. Braking at speed step 0..........................................43
10.7. Settings for analogue operation.................................43
10.7.1. DC analogue operation...........................................43
10.7.2. AC analogue operation...........................................44
10.8. Motor brake..............................................................44
10.9. Configure the PowerPack „Switch off“ time..............44
9. Address Settings..................................................... 36
11. Motor Control....................................................... 45
9.1. Short Addresses in DCC mode.....................................36
9.2. Long Addresses in DCC mode......................................36
9.3. Motorola® address......................................................36
9.3.1. Consecutive addresses for more functions................36
9.4. Addresses in M4 mode................................................37
9.5. Turning off data protocols not needed.........................37
11.1. Adjusting load compensation.....................................45
11.1.1. Parameter for frequently used motors.....................45
11.1.2. Adjustments for other motors / „Fine Tuning“........45
11.1.2.1. Parameter „K“.....................................................45
11.1.2.2. Parameter „I“......................................................45
11.1.2.3. Reference voltage................................................46
11.1.2.4. Parameter “K slow”.............................................46
11.1.2.5. Parameter „I slow“..............................................46
8. Decoder Settings (Programming) ......................... 28
10. Adapting the Driving Characteristics.................. 38
3
Content
11.1.2.6 Adaptive Regulation Frequency.............................47
11.1.3. Automatic calibration of the motor.........................47
11.2. Turning off Load Compensation.................................47
11.3. Adapting Load Control Frequency..............................47
11.4. Dynamic Drive Control: Up and Down the Hill...........47
11.5. Settings for the C-Sinus motor...................................48
12. Function outputs................................................... 49
12.1. Physical function outputs...........................................49
12.2. Allocation of function buttons (Function Mapping)....49
12.2.1. Index CV access......................................................49
12.2.2. Function Mapping chart..........................................49
12.2.2.1. Conditions block..................................................51
12.2.2.2. Physical function outputs.....................................52
12.2.2.3. Logical outputs....................................................53
12.2.2.4. „Virtual driving sound”........................................54
12.2.3. Standard mapping LokPilot V4.0 / micro Decoder...54
12.2.3.1 Example................................................................55
12.2.4. Allocation of function keys with the LokProgrammer.55
12.3. Special Effects on function outputs............................58
12.3.1. Switching on outputs and different options............58
12.3.2. Adjusting effects desired.........................................59
12.3.3. Grade Crossing holding time..................................60
12.3.4. Flash rate................................................................60
12.3.5. Automatic Switch-off..............................................60
12.3.6. Switch-on and switch-off delay...............................61
12.3.7. Digital couplers.......................................................61
12.3.7.1. „Coupler“ mode ...............................................61
12.3.7.2. Automatic Coupler Function (Removing/Pushing).61
12.3.8. Servo settings.........................................................61
12.3.8.1. Servo with coupler function.................................62
12.4. Analogue settings......................................................62
12.5. LGB® Pulse Sequence Mode......................................62
12.6. Swiss Head Light Mode..............................................63
13. Decoder Reset....................................................... 63
13.1. With DCC Systems or 6020/6021..............................63
13.2. With Märklin® systems (mfx® decoders)...................63
4
13.3. With the ESU LokProgrammer....................................63
14. Special Functions................................................... 64
14.1. Directional Bit............................................................64
14.2. Saving the status of functions....................................64
15. RailCom®............................................................... 64
15.1. RailComPlus®............................................................65
15.1.1. Prerequisites for RailComPlus®...............................65
16. Firmware Update.................................................. 65
17. Accessories............................................................ 65
17.1. Change over skis........................................................65
17.2. HAMO magnets.........................................................65
17.3. Wire harnesses with 8-pole or 6-pole socket..............66
17.4. Mounting adapter 21MTC.........................................66
18. Support and Assistance........................................ 66
19. Technical data........................................................ 67
20. List of all supported CVs ..................................... 68
20.1. DCC decoders............................................................68
21. Appendix............................................................... 73
21.1. Programming long addresses.....................................73
21.1.1. Write address..........................................................73
21.1.2. Read out address....................................................73
22. Warranty Certificate............................................ 75
Important Notes
1. Declaration of Conformity
2. WEEE-Declaration
We, ESU electronic solutions ulm GmbH & Co. KG, Edisonallee
29, D-89231 Neu-Ulm, Germany, declare in sole responsibility that
the product
Product description: LokPilot V4.0, LokPilot V4.0 DCC, LokPilot micro V4.0, LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC, LokPilot V4.0 M4,
LokPilot XL V4.0, LokPilot Fx V4.0
Part number: 54610, 54611, 54612, 54613, 54614, 54615, 54616,
54617, 54683, 54684, 54685, 54686, 54687, 54688, 54689, 54640,
64610, 64614, 64616, 64617, 54620, 54621
complies with all relevant regulations of the Directive for Electromagnetic Compatibility (2004/108/EG). The following harmonised
standards have been applied:
EN 55014-1:2006 + A1:2009: Electromagnetic Compatibility requirements for household appliances, electric tools, and similar
apparatus - Part 1: Emission - Product
EN 55014-2:1997 + A1:2001 + A2:2008: Electromagnetic Compatibility - Requirements for household appliances, electric tools,
and similar apparatus - Part 2: Immunity - Product family standard.
Disposal of obsolete electrical and electronic equipment (as practised in the European Union and other European countries with
dedicated collection systems).
This mark on the product, the packaging or the relevant documentation indicates that this product
must not be treated like household waste. Instead
this product should be disposed of at a suitable collection point for recycling of electrical and electronic
appliances. Thus you contribute to avoid negative impact on the
environment and people’s health that could be caused by inappropriate disposal. Recycling of materials contributes to preserve
our natural resources. For more information regarding recycling of
this product, please contact your local administration, your waste
collection service or the dealer / shop where you purchased this
product.
3. Important Notes – Please read this chapter first
Copyright 1998 - 2013 by ESU electronic solutions ulm GmbH & Co KG. Electrical characteristics and dimensions are subject to change without prior notice.
All rights reserved. ESU might not be held responsible for any damage or consequential loss or damage chaused by inappropriate use of the product, abnormal
operating conditions, unauthorized modifications to the products etc.
Not suitable for children under 14 years of age. Inappropriate use may result in
injury due to sharp points and edges.
Märklin® and mfx® is a registered trademark of the company Gebr. Märklin®
and Cie. GmbH, Göppingen, Germany. RailCom is a registered trademark of the
company Lenz Elektronik GmbH, Giessen, Germany.
All the other trade marks are owned by their respective right holders.
ESU electronic solutions ulm GmbH & Co. KG continues to develop the products
according to the company´s politics. Therefore, ESU reserves the right to carry out
changes and improvements on the products listed in this manual at any time and
without any advanced note.
Duplications and reproductions of this documentation are strictly forbidden and
need to be allowed by ESU in writing.
We congratulate you to your purchase of an ESU LokPilot decoder.
This manual will guide you step by step through the features of
your LokPilot decoder.
Please read this manual carefully. Although the LokPilot has been
design as a robust device an incorrect connection may lead to
faults or even to the destruction of the device. Avoid any “costly”
experiments.
5
How this manual helps you
•The LokPilot is exclusively intended for use with model train layouts only. It may only be operated with the components listed
here. Any other use is not permitted.
•Any wiring has to be carried out while power is disconnected.
Please make sure that no voltage reaches the locomotive while
converting it, above all not accidently.
•Avoid mechanical force or pressure on the decoder.
•Do not remove the heat shrink sleeve on the decoder.
•Make sure that neither the LokPilot decoder nor any blank wire
ends may come into contact with the engine chassis (risk of
short circuit). Cover any blank ends of unused wires.
•Never solder on the circuit board, extend cables if necessary.
•Never wrap the decoder in insulation tape, since this may cause
overheating.
•Adhere to the wiring principles as outlined in this manual for
wiring any external components. Other circuitry may cause
damage to the decoder.
•Make sure that no wires are squeezed or cut by the model’s
transmission parts when reassembling the engine.
•Any power supply must be protected by a fuse or circuit breaker
to avoid any potential hazards such as burning cables in case of
a short circuit. Only use transformers specifically designed for
model trains that bear the VDE/EN marks.
•Never operate the LokPilot unattended. The LokPilot is not a
(children’s) toy.
•Do not expose to wet and humid conditions.
6
4. How this manual helps you
This manual is divided into several chapters that show you step-bystep how to install a LokPilot decoder.
Chapter 5 provides an overview over the characteristics of each
type of LokPilot decoder.
Chapter 6 describes installation of the decoder in detail. Please
make yourself familiar with the type of motor and the type of
interface installed in your locomotive prior to working through
chapters 6.2. to 6.5.
You can operate LokPilot Decoders with most commercially available control systems for model trains.
Chapter 7 provides an overview which digital and analogue systems can drive LokPilot decoders and which special issues to consider.
You will find the factory default settings for the function buttons
in chapter 7.1.
You may adjust the default settings of your LokPilot decoder as
desired. Chapters 8 to 16 explain which parameters are adjustable
and how to do it.
We recommend, that you at least read chapters 8 and 9 regarding
address settings as well as chapter 11 concerning motor control in
order to be able to adapt your LokPilot decoder optimally to your
model locomotive.
Chapter 20 lists all technical data as well as supported CVs and will
assist you in case of questions.
If not stated otherwise all information refers to all types of the LokPilot family. Should one particular decoder not support a specific
function, then this is clearly mentioned.
Introduction – The LokPilot Family
5. Introduction – The LokPilot Family
5.1. Overview of the LokPilot V4.0 decoders
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot
micro V4.0
LokPilot
micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot
Fx V4.0
LokPilot
XL V4.0
DCC operation
Motorola®
operation
M4 operation
(mfx® compatible)
Selectrix®
operation
Analogue DC
operation
Analogue AC
operation
DCC programming mode
Programming
with 6021,
Mobile/ Central
Station®
M4 programming
including automatic recognition
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
-
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
-
-
-
-
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
-
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
-
-
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
-
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
-
-
-
-
Ok
-
Ok
RailComPlus ®
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
ABC brake mode
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
1.1A
1.1A
0.75A
0.75A
1.1A
-
4.0A
4/250 mA
4/250mA (PluX22:6)
2/150mA
2/150mA
4/250mA (PluX22:6)
6/250mA
8/250mA
-
-
-
-
-
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
-
-
Continuous motor current
Function output
current
Integrated
PowerPack
Optional
connection for
PowerPack buffer
capacitor
Connection type
NEM652 NEM651 21MTC PluX12 PluX22 NEM652 NEM651 21MTC NEM651 NEM651 NEM652 Next18 NEM651 NEM651 Next18 NEM652 21MTC PluX12 PluX22 NEM652 21MTC
Article number
54610 54612 54614 54616 54617 54611 54613 54615 54688 54687 54683 54689 54685 54684 54686 64610 64614 64616 64617 54620 54621
Wire
Wire
-
Wire
-
Wire
Wire
-
Direct
Wire
Wire
-
Direct
Wire
-
Wire
-
Wire
-
Wire
-
Screw terminals
54640
7
General Properties of all Decoders
5.2. Members of the LokPilot Family
5.2.2. LokPilot V4.0 DCC
All LokPilot V4.0 decoders have been completely redeveloped on
the basis of their predecessors´ excellent properties and they are
“better” in many respects.
All decoders of the LokPilot V4.0 family expand the capabilities
of their forerunners by further functions. These developments
further improve the driving characteristics, the operational reliability and the flexibility of the decoders. The LokPilot decoder is
the first choice for any sophisticated model train enthusiast that
places great value on excellent load control, outstanding driving
characteristics at low speed, and the utmost flexibility due to adaptation to specific requirements. LokPilot decoders automatically
detect the operating mode and are suitable for all commonly used
motors.
LokPilot decoders of the fourth generation offer you flexibility and
reliability that you would expect from a state-of-the-art decoder.
Future standards do not represent a problem either: due to the
flash technology, you can update the decoder at any time.
In order to suit the different scales and the related current draw of
the model locomotives, all LokPilot V4.0 decoders come in various
options that we now would like to introduce to you.
The LokPilot V4.0 DCC is a „thoroughbred” DCC decoder. Except
for the Motorola® and Selectrix® protocol, it supports all functions of the LokPilot V4.0. In analogue mode, it can only operate
on DC powered layouts.
The LokPilot V4.0 DCC is best suited for the DCC purist who does
not require multi-protocol operation and does not want to pay
for it either.
5.2.1. LokPilot V4.0
The LokPilot V4.0 is a multi-protocol decoder. It supports the Märklin® Motorola® format, the DCC-format and Selectrix®.
It can also work on analogue DC or AC layouts. Thus, it is ideally
suitable for mixed Motorola® / DCC environments.
Due to its manifold lighting functions and its adaptability to different applications, it is the perfect all-rounder for your H0 locomotives.
8
5.2.3. LokPilot micro V4.0
The LokPilot micro V4.0 is a real multi talent. Besides DCC and Motorola® and Selectrix® and a maximum current draw of 0.75A, it
is ideal for the small scales with little room for decoders.
5.2.4. LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
The LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC “only” speaks DCC, however, it is
compatible with RailComPlus®. For the rest it equals the LokPilot
micro V4.0 decoder.
5.2.5. LokPilot XL V4.0
The LokPilot XL V4.0 is suitable for the larger gauges such as 0
gauge, G gauge and 1 gauge and has been optimised to operate
with models in these gauges. It supports four data protocols. Besides DCC with RailComPluS®, Motorola® and Selectrix® it also
supports the M4 data format and can automatically report to the
matching Märklin® central units. Due to its 8 function outputs as
well as 4 outputs for RC servos and a powerful motor end stage it
leaves nothing to be desired. Dirty track and their related problems
are a thing of the past due to the integral PowerPack.
5.2.6. LokPilot V4.0 M4
The LokPilot V4.0 M4 is ideal for everyone who does not want to
do without the automatic mfx® registration on a Märklin® central
station. Like the LokPilot V4.0 this decoder supports besides M4
the formats DCC with RailComPlus, Motorola® and Selectrix®
and can be operated on analogue layouts. The LokPilot V4.0 M4
fits into all popular H0 locomotives and can be programmed with
DCC command stations and also with Märklin® central units.
General Properties of all Decoders
Both LokPilot V4.0 M4 and LokPilot V4.0 offer comprehensive
lighting effects, control of digital couplers as well as flexible function mapping.
5.2.7. LokPilot Fx V4.0
With the LokPilot Fx V4.0 you are able to digitalise motorless
vehicles. Therefore it has 6 function outputs. Therefore it has six
function outputs and can be operated with the Motorola® and
the DCC format. It also proves it´s worth on analogue DC and
AC layouts.
This LokPilot can be also used in combination with other LokPilot
or LokSound decoders.
The LokPilot V4.0 supports and automatically detects the DCC
protocol with 14, 28, or 128 speed steps. Of course, operation
with the long 4-digit addresses is possible as well.
Contrary to the original Märklin®-decoders, LokPilot V4.0 decoders support up to 255 addresses and 28 speed steps in Motorola®
mode. With the appropriate command station such as the ESU
ECoS, you can expand the system limits of the Motorola® system
considerably.
Furthermore, all LokPilot V4.0 decoders support RailComPlus®. A
RailComPlus®-compatible command station immediately recognises a LokPilot V4.0 decoder fully automatically. The decoder will
transfer all of its important data to the command station. Finally,
you will never have to look for a loco address once again or carry
out any function mapping!
LokPilot XL V4.0 and LokPilot V4.0 M4 also support operation with
M4 and register automatically with Märklin® mfx® central units.
5.2.2. Motor Control
5.2. General Properties of all Decoders
5.2.1. Operating Modes
All LokPilot V4.0 decoders (with the exception of the pure DCC
decoders) are true multi-protocol decoders with automatic detection of the operating mode „on-the-fly.“ The decoder analyses the
track signal and filters out the part that is reserved for it. Changing
from digital to analogue and back represents no problem whatsoever. This is important in case your e.g. fiddle yard still works in
analogue mode. Furthermore, all LokPilot decoders support the
relevant brake modes such as ROCO®, Lenz® or Märklin® and
stop as intended.
Especially the ABC brake sections are suitable for a simple stop
in front of the signal. LokPilot decoders achieve the maximum
compatibility with the operating system in order to enable you to
simulate even some unusual operational requirements.
The most important function of digital decoders is motor control.
All LokPilot V4.0 decoders are designed for universal use and
therefore can control all commonly available DC motors, regardless if they are by ROCO®, Fleischmann®, Brawa®, Mehano®,
Bemo®, LGB®, Hübner®, Märklin® or others. Coreless motors
(such as Faulhaber® or Maxon®) also work fine with LokPilot.
You may continue to use any universal motors provided you replace the stator coils with a permanent magnet. You will find more
info on this topic in chapter 6.7.4.2.
Fifth-generation load compensation works with 20 resp. 40 kHz
and assures extremely silent operation, particularly with coreless
motors. Due to 10-bit technology, your locomotives will crawl at a
snail’s pace if so desired. Load compensation is easily adjustable to
various motor and gear combinations (compare with chapter 11).
With Dynamic Drive Control (DCC), you can limit the influence of
load control. Thus, you can control your locomotive in small throttle
notches for instance in the yard or on turnouts while the locomo-
9
General Properties of all Decoders
tive responds like the prototype at high speed on the main line
(for instance when climbing a gradient). In other words, if you do
not change the throttle setting then the locomotive will slow down
up the hill, as does the prototype. There is more info on this in
chapter 11.4.
The minimum and maximum speed of the LokPilot V4.0 is adjustable by setting two points which can be optionally adjusted by a
speed table with 28 entries.
Due to unique load compensation by ESU, there are no visible jerks
between speed steps – even in 14-speed-step-mode.
5.2.3. Analogue Mode
Quite a few LokPilot decoders replace analogue directional relays.
Therefore, you can not only set the starting speed and the maximum speed as well as pre-select which functions should be active
in analogue mode: even load compensation works in analogue
mode! This makes the LokPilot V4.0 work perfectly with analogue
locos: finally you are able to stop your older, too fast locos.
5.2.4. Functions
Standard features for LokPilot V4.0 decoders include the following
features: acceleration and brake times can be separately adjusted
and switched. The brightness of all function outputs can be separately set and allocated to the desired function buttons (function
mapping).
There is a wide range of options: dimmer, flickering firebox, gyrolight and mars-light, flash and double flash, blinker and alternate
blinker as well as switch functions with timers (e.g.: for Telex) and
a special coupler function for remote controlled couplers by Krois® and ROCO® including the automatic pushing and pulling.
Furthermore LokPilot XL decoders can also control up to 4 RC
servos directly.
The unique and once more improved ESU function mapping enables you to allocate every function to the function buttons F0 to
F15; even multiple allocations are possible. You will find more info
on this in chapter 12.
10
5.2.5. Programming
Where intended, LokPilot decoders support all programming
modes including POM (Programming-On-the-Main). You can use
any NMRA-DCC compatible command station for this purpose.
Even with the Märklin® central units 6020®, 6021®, Mobile Station® and Central Station® all settings are adjusted electronically.
Most LokPilot V4.0 decoders support a simple-to-use programming procedure.
Owners of the ESU ECoS enjoy an even more comfortable method
of programming: you can read all possible settings in plain text on
the large display and easily adjust them – even during operation!
LokPilot V4.0 M4 and LokPilot XL V4.0 will be automatically detected and read by all Märklin® mfx® central units and can be
graphically programmed with them.
5.2.6. Operational Reliability
LokPilot decoders store the current operating status. Thanks to this
data storage, the decoder will start again as quickly as possible
after a service interruption. The LokPilot XL´s built-in PowerPack,
which also can be optionally installed into some decoders, assures
continuous power even in case of poor electrical contact or critically laid tracks.
5.2.7. Protection
All function outputs as well as the motor output have protection
against overload and short circuit. We want you to enjoy your LokPilot decoders for a long time.
5.2.8. Future built-in
All LokPilot V4.0 decoders are suitable for firmware updates due
to the flash memory. You may add new software functions at a
later stage.
Installing the Decoder
6. Installing the Decoder
6.1. Requirements for Installation
The locomotive must be in perfect operating condition prior to the
conversion: Only a locomotive with faultless mechanical properties
and smooth running characteristics in analogue mode is worth
converting to digital. Check and replace all wear and tear parts
such as motor brushes, wheel contacts, light bulbs etc., if necessary.
Please take note of the remarks in chapter 3 in order to prevent
possible damage of the decoder during installation!
AUX2 -AUX3 -Right motor terminal -Rear light -Common (+ pole) -AUX1 -Head light -Left track connection -AUX4 --
6.2. Installing the Decoder
The components on the decoder must under no circumstances
touch any metal parts of the locomotive since this could lead to
short circuits and damage or even destruction of the decoder.
Therefore, all LokPilot decoders (with the exception of the ones with
the 21MTC or PluX interface) come with a protective shrink sleeve.
Never wrap the decoder in insulating tape. If there is no ventilation
around the decoder, it may lead to a heat build-up and ultimately
to the destruction of the decoder. Rather apply the insulating tape
to the metal parts of the locomotive.
Mount the decoder at a suitable location. In most model locomotives,
there is a dedicated space for the decoder. To hold the decoder in
place use double sided adhesive tape or some (just a little) hot glue.
54610 LokPilot V4.0
54611 LokPilot V4.0 DCC
64610 LokPilot V4.0 M4
AUX2 -Right motor terminal -Right track connection -Rear light -Common (+ pole) -AUX1 -Head light -Left track connection -Left motor terminal --
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Description
Right motor terminal
Rear light
Output AUX1
Left track connection
Left motor terminal
Head light
Common (+ pole)
Right track connection
54620 LokPilot Fx V4.0
Colour
orange
yellow
green
black
grey
white
blue
red
5
4
1
Figure 1: LokPilots with NEM652 interface
6.3. Locomotives with 8-pin NEM 652 interface
Some LokPilot V4.0 decoders are supplied with an 8-pin interface
as per NEM 652 (refer to Fig 1). Installation in locomotives with
this interface is particularly easy:
•Remove the locomotive body. Please observe the instructions in
the manual of your locomotive!
•Remove the dummy plug from the socket and keep it in a suitable
place for later use.
•Insert the plug of the decoder in such a way that pin 1 of the
plug (this is the side with the red / orange wires) sits next to the
corner of the socket that is usually marked with *, +, • or 1. Please
make sure that the pins are straight and do not tilt when inserting the plug.
Do not rely on the assumption that the wires of the harness have
to face in a certain direction: the only reliable reference is the
marking of pin 1.
11
Installing the Decoder
6.4. Locomotives with 6-pin NEM 651 interface
Some LokPilot V4.0 decoders have a 6-pin NEM 651 plug (as per
Figure 2). Installation in locomotives with this interface is particularly easy:
•Remove the locomotive body.
•Remove the dummy plug from the socket and keep it for later use.
Solder connect. (violet) AUX2 -Right motor terminal -Right track connection -Rear light -(blue) Common (+ pole) -Solder connect. (green) AUX1 -Head light -Left track connection -Left motor terminal --
54612 LokPilot V4.0
54613 LokPilot V4.0
DCC
64613 LokPilot V4.0
M4
Decoder back view
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
(blue) Common (+ pole) --GND -Solder. connect. AUX2 (Logic level) -Solder. connect. AUX1 (Logic level) --
54688 LokPilot micro V4.0
54685 LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
Right motor terminal
Left motor terminal
Right track connection
Left track connection
Head light
Rear light
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Description
Right motor terminal
Left motor terminal
Right track connection
Left track connection
Head light
Rear light
Colour
orange
grey
red
black
white
yellow
54687 LokPilot micro V4.0
54684 LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
Figure 2: LokPilots with NEM651 interface
12
•Insert the plug of the decoder in such a way that pin 1 of the plug
(this is the side with the red / orange wires) sits next to the corner
of the socket that is usually marked with *, +, • or 1. Please make
sure that the pins are straight when inserting the plug.
6.5. Locomotives with 21MTC interface
Some LokPilot decoders are available with a variant of the 21MTC
interface as per Fig. 3. Installation in locomotives with this interface is particularly easy since the plug-socket connector facilitates
the mechanical fixing as well.
•Remove the locomotive body. Please observe the instructions in
the manual of your locomotive!
•Remove the dummy plug from the socket and keep it in a suitable
place for later use
•Search for the missing pin in the plug on the circuit board of the
locomotive. The missing pin serves as the marker. Memorise its
location.
•You can insert the decoder in two ways: either the pins are put
through the decoder; the socket of the decoder remains visible after installation (mounting on top) or the decoder is inserted in such
a way that the pins go straight into the socket. Once the decoder
sits in the socket, the socket is hidden from view. This method is
common for Brawa® locomotives.
•Which of the two mounting positions is the correct one depends
solely on the locomotive. The position of the marker-pin is the
crucial indicator.
•Plug the decoder into the socket in such a way that the locomotive
interface corresponds with the decoder.
•Do not apply too much pressure when inserting the plug. The decoder must go in without force.
•Check if the decoder sits correctly.
Installing the Decoder
n.c. 1
n.c. 2
n.c. 3
AUX4 4
n.c. 5
n.c. 6
Rear light 7
Head light 8
n.c. 9
n.c. 10
Index pin 11
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
Right track
Left track
GND
Motor right
Motor left
n.c.
Common (+)
AUX1
AUX2
AUX3
VCC
54614 LokPilot V4.0
54615 LokPilot V4.0
DCC
64614 LokPilot V4.0
M4
54616 LokPilot V4.0
64646 LokPilot V4.0 M4
AUX2 -Right motor terminal -Right track connection -Rear light -(blue) Common (+ pole) -AUX1 -Head light -Left track connection -Left motor terminal --
54621 LokPilot Fx
V4.0
PluX12
How to connect the decoder:
Head light 7
Common (+ pole) 9
Index pin 11
Rear light 13
Locomotive PCB
(Side view)
Insert the decoder with connector
towards top
(e.g. Liliput®, ESU, HAG®,
Märklin®)
Locomotive PCB
(Side view)
Insert the decoder with connector
towards bottom
(e.g. Brawa®)
Figure 3: LokPilots with 21MTC interface
6.5.1. Connecting C-Sine motors („SoftDrive-Sinus“)
The LokPilot decoder cannot drive the newer Märklin® models
with C-Sine motors (also called „SoftDrive-Sinus“) directly. To facilitate this, a circuit board supplied ex works with the locomotive is
required. This circuit board will be controlled by a LokPilot decoder.
Märklin® uses the 21MTC interface installed on this circuit board
and thus utilises the normal motor commands from the decoder or
a SUSU interface for the exchange of information.
The LokPilot V4.0 with the 21MTC interface is suitable for controlling the C-Sine control electronics provided some parameters are
set accordingly. Chapter 11.5. explains the necessary steps.
8
10
12
14
16
18
Motor +
Motor Right track
Left track
AUX1
AUX2
7
18
17
PluX22
- 1
ZBCLK 3
GND 5
Head light 7
U+ 9
Index pin 11
Rear light 13
- 15
- 17
(AUX4) 19
- 21
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
(AUX3)
ZBDTA
Motor +
Motor Right track
Left track
AUX1
AUX2
56417 LokPilot V4.0
64617 LokPilot V4.0 M4
Figure 4: LokPilots with PluX interface
13
Installing the Decoder
6.6. Loks mit PluX-Schnittstelle
6.7. Locomotives with Next18 interface
Some LokPilot decoders are supplied with a PluX12 plug. These
decoders can also be installed in locomotives with a PluX22 interface. One position on the multi-pin plug of the decoder has no pin
(index pin). This position should be marked in the locomotive.
Please consider the correct seating of the decoder on the PluX
socket!
Some LokPilot micro decoders are shipped with an 18-pin Next18
interface. More information about how to install the decoder is
given in chapter 6.5.
6.8. Locomotives without interface
All LokPilot decoders have an interface (plug). There is no „wiresonly“ version. Please remove the plug at the end of the harness
should this become necessary.
Please do not extend any wires at the decoder end. If necessary
use an extension harness (also refer to chapter 17).
Right track
Motor +
AUX1
AUX3 / Trainbus Clk
GND
(Blue) Common (+)
Head light
Left track
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
Right track
Rear light
(Blue) Common (+)
GND
AUX4/Trainbus DTA
AUX2
Motor Left track
Decoder back view
54689 LokPilot micro V4.0 Next18
1
18
9
10
Figure 6: LokPilots with Next18 interface
6.8.1. Wiring Diagram for LokPilot

green
AUX1
R
violet
AUX2
yellow
Rear
Light
white
Head
Light
violet
orange
red
yelllow
blue
green
white
black
grey
Loco housing
black
red
orange
grey
Figure 5: Wiring diagram for LokPilot V4.0, LokPilot V4.0 DCC (wiring example)
14
54610 LokPilot V4.0
54611 LokPilot V4.0 DCC
64610 LokPIlot V4.0 M4
Wiring Diagram for LokPilot
6.8.2. Wiring Diagram for LokPilot micro
Motor
grey
orange
red
black
orange
grey
red
black
white
white
Head
Light
54683 LokPilot micro V4.0
54687 LokPilot micro V4.0
54684 LokPilot micro V4.0
DCC
yellow
yellow
Rear
Light
For decoder back see figure 2).
blue (optional, instead of housing GDN)
Loco housing
Figure 7: Wiring diagram for LokPilot micro V4.0, LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC (wiring example)
6.8.3. Wiring Diagram for LokPilot Fx
orange
AUX3
violet
AUX2

green
AUX1
R
grey
AUX4
black
yellow
Rear
Light
Loco housing
white
Head
Light
violet
orange
red
yellow
blue
green
white
black
grey
54620 LokPilot Fx V4.0
red
Figure 8: Wiring diagram for LokPilot Fx V4.0 (wiring example)
15
Wiring diagram for LokPilot XL
Trainbus (Susi)
6.8.4. Wiring diagram for LokPilot XL decoders
DC Motor
Motor +
U+
Motor -
Head light
Rear light
UVAR
Left track
AUX1
AUX2
+5V
U+
Wheel sensor
GND
AUX3
AUX4
AUX5
AUX6
Right track
Servo1 (AUX7)
Servo2 (AUX8)
IMP
+5V
GND
Servo3 (AUX9)
Servo4 (AUX10)
IMP
+5V
GND
Figure 9: Wiring diagram for LokPilot XL V4.0 (wiring example)
6.8.4.1. Wiring to LGB® gear boxes
The decoder can wired directly to suitable LGB® locomotives with
the LGB® interface cable. Motor, light and auxiliary functions can
be controlled. The cable with the part number 55026 is available
from LGB®. Remove the dummy plug from the interface cable
16
and screw the ends into the terminals of the decoder after having
removed the insulation at the ends of the wires. Set the DIP switch
at the interface according to the instructions from LGB®.
Non-compliance may lead to the destruction of the decoder!
Installing the Decoder
6.8.4.3. Wiring to the Aristocraft® interface
yellow=Motor +
Many Aristocraft locomotives have a digital interface which represents a manufacturer´s standard only. They are ready for the installation of digital components.
The wiring is shown in figure 12:
green=
Motor -
brown=
Left track
white=
Right track
Figure 10: LGB® gear box
6.8.4.2. Wiring to an LGB® interface
More modern LGB® locomotives have a digital interface and thus
are ready for installing digital components.
Figure 12: Aristocraft® interface
brown/
yellow=U+
green=GND
5
1
6
2
red=Head light
blue=Rear light
orange=AUX1
Figure 11: LGB® interface
17
Installing the Decoder
6.8.5. Colour Coding by Märklin®
Märklin® uses a different colour coding system compared to the
DCC colours. Please refer to figure 13 for more information.
6.8.6. Motor and track connections
Firstly, please cut all wires installed in the locomotive. Take special
care to remove any connections to the chassis (ground): the motor
leads must be positively potential-free, in other words they may
not have any contact to the chassis or body or the wheels and
wheel contacts.
It is particularly easy to overlook such connections in Fleischmann®
locomotives.
Make notes of which motor lead connects the motor with the
right and the left wheel contact.This avoids mistakes and assures
that your locomotive runs in the right direction.
Please check all connections with an Ohmmeter. Search for
short circuits, particularly between the motor leads and the
wheel contacts.
Description
Märklin® colour
AC: Power pick up show (Center rail)
DC: Right track connection
AC: Outside rails
DC: Left track connection
eft motor terminal
Right motor terminal
Common (rectified track voltage) (+Pole) for
function outputs
Function output Rearlight
Function output Headlight
Function output AUX1
Function output AUX2
Function output AUX3
Function output AUX4
red
ESU colour (NMRA
DCC Norm)
red
brown
black
blue
green
orange
grey
orange
blue
yellow
grey
brown/red
brown/green
brown/yellow
brown/white
yellow
white
green
violet
-
Figure 13: Colour coding by Märklin® in contrast to the DCC wiring code
18
•Connect the red wire to the right rail pickup or the centre pick
up in AC models.
•Connect the black wire to the left rail pickup or the chassis in
AC models.
•Connect the orange wire with the motor terminal, which originally
lead to the right wheel pick up (centre pick up in AC models).
•The grey wire goes to the terminal, which originally connected to
the left rail (chassis for AC models).
6.8.6.1. Connecting DC and Coreless Motors
You may use all DC motors commonly used for model trains provided they do not exceed the current limit of the decoder.
In some cases with the 5-pole High Performance Drive by Märklin®, you may find three anti-interference capacitors.
The two capacitors connected directly to the motor leads and the
motor housing MUST be removed (also refer to Fig. 14).
Installing the Decoder
6.8.6.2. Connecting Universal Motors with HAMO-Conversions
6.9.1. Overload Protection of Function Outputs (Blinking)
Do not wire universal motors installed in many older Märklin®
locomotives (also known as AC motors) directly to LokPilot decoders. You must modify the motor by first installing permanent
magnets – so called HAMO magnets.
You may purchase these magnets from your ESU dealer.
We supply three types of magnets. Please refer to chapter 17.2.
for more information regarding motor conversions with permanent magnets.
The function outputs of LokPilot decoders have electronic protection against overload and short circuit. The decoder keeps
checking the sum of all function output currents. If the current
is too high, the decoder will switch off the outputs. After about
1 second, the decoder tries to switch them on again. Should the
current still be too high – perhaps due to a short circuit – the same
procedure starts again.
When using light bulbs (incandescent lamps) please note the following: they draw a very high „inrush current“ when they are
switched on, that becomes lower after a few moments. Therefore,
it can happen with 12V bulbs that the headlights „flash“ briefly
during switch-on and then extinguish due to the overload protection of the decoder. The lights will be shortly switch on and off
again in a one-second cycle. This results from a much too high
inrush current of the bulbs; the decoder is not able to distinguish
between the bulbs´ high inrush current and an overload. Therefore
it is important to install the correct bulbs.
6.9. Connecting Additional Functions
You can wire any kind of load such as light bulbs, LEDs (light emitting diodes), smoke generators or similar devices to the function
outputs provided the maximum current draw is less than that of
the decoder output.
The permitted maximum current draw per function output is listed
in chapter 20 under „Technical Data.“
Please make sure that the load does not exceed the permitted
maximum current and there are no short circuits. The outputs of
the LokPilot have protection but if an external voltage is applied,
the outputs may suffer damage or destruction.
Remove capacitors!
Only install bulbs rated 16V or higher and with a nominal current
draw, that does not exceed 50 mA.
Many older models by ROCO® and Fleischmann® have 12V bulbs
installed. They draw a high current, become very hot, and may
cause damage to the locomotive. Replace them with 16V bulbs.
6.9.1.2. Micro incandescent lamps wired to LokPilot XL V4.0
The LokPilot XL V4.0 decoder is suitable for direct connection of
micro incandescent lamps. The decoder has an integral voltage
regulator for this purpose. The default setting is 1.8V designed for
long life of 3V lamps. Do not connect the return wire of the lamp
to U+ but rather to the terminal marked “UVAR”.


orange
6.9.1.1. Suitable light bulbs
grey
Figure 14: 5-pole Märklin® motor
19
Installing the Decoder
UVAR (1,5-3V)
Head light
Rear light
Voltage
R124
1.5V
33 kOhms
2.5V
unsolder
3.0V
48 kOhms, unsolder R125
The maximum load of the UVAR output is 500mA.
6.9.2. Using LEDs
Figure 15: Micro incandescent lamps wired to XL
You may change the voltage setting by exchanging a resistor. An
SMD resistor is required. Type 0805, power rating 0.125W:
If you like to use LEDs, then a resistor must be wired in series with
the LEDs. It should have a rating between 470 Ohms and 2.2 kOhms. Running the LEDs without this resistor will lead to their immediate destruction! Unlike lightbulbs, LEDs are polarity-sensitive.
The minus (cathode) end of the LED is connected to the function
output, the plus (anode) end is connected to the blue (function
common) wire.
Please to not forget to switch the respective function output to
LED mode. This will ensure a prototypical presentation of all light
effects. Please refer to chapter 12.3. for more details.
AUX2
470 Ohms
resistance
+
violet
R
+
green
AUX1
R125
R
470 Ohms
resistance
blue ( common function )
R124
Figure 17: Wiring LED to output AUX1, AUX2
Figure 16: Resistor for UVAR on XL decoder
20
Installing the Decoder
6.9.3. Connecting the Light Outputs, AUX1 and AUX2
This procedure depends on the wiring of the lights and auxiliary
functions in the locomotive:
a) The lamps / function outputs are insulated from the common
pole (ground) (i.e.: the locomotive chassis); therefore they are
potential free. Fig. 17 shows the correct wiring for the outputs AUX1 and AUX2. The functions of the locomotive must
be potential-free, in other words there may not be any other
connection to the function besides the wires from the decoder.
The voltage at these outputs is about 1.5V lower than the track
voltage. The blue wire is the „plus-pole“; the function output
the „minus-pole”.
If LEDs are installed (also refer to Fig. 17), then a resistor must be
wired in series with the LEDs. It should have a rating of between
470 Ohms and 2.2 kOhms. Running the LEDs without this resistor
will lead to their destruction!
b) The lamps / function outputs are wired (together) against the
chassis of the locomotive (as in most locomotives by Märklin®
as well as in most older locomotives by Fleischmann® and
ROCO®).
The wiring is simpler but the available voltage is about half. This
type of connection is not suitable for multi-protocol operation.
Both M4 and Motorola® packets are asymmetrical. Therefore, the
function outputs do not have continuous power. This leads to a
rhythmic flicker of the headlights (pulsing) that becomes particularly obvious with LEDs.
Furthermore, the headlights will only work in one direction in
analogue DC mode. Whether it will be the forward lights or the
backup lights depends on which way you have placed your locomotive on the track.
•Solder the backup lights to the yellow wire, the headlights to the
white one.
If your locomotive is wired according to option b), then it is ready
for use. Otherwise, you must connect the remaining wires of all
bulbs and functions together to the blue wire. This pole may not
have any connection to the chassis!
It is possible to use both options in the same locomotive as shown
in Fig. 17.
6.9.4. Using AUX3 and AUX4
6.9.4.1. LokPilot with 21MTC interface
LokPilot decoders with 21MTC interface have two additional outputs besides the 4 standard outputs, namely AUX3 and AUX4.
Since they are pure „logic-outputs“, it is not possible to connect
any external loads directly. External power transistors are required.
Connect AUX3 and AUX4 via the 21MTC interface; there are
equal to the other outputs. ESU offers an appropriate adapater
board (art.no. 51968) with transistors.
6.9.4.2. LokPilot with PluX22 interface
LokPilot decoders with PluX22 interface have all in all 6 power
outputs. Consumers can be directly connected.
6.9.4.3. LokPilot Fx V4.0
The LokPilot Fx V4.0 offers up to 6 function outputs (also refer to
Fig. 7). You can access the outputs AUX3 and AUX4 via the orange
resp. the grey wire.
The 21MTC interface version allows to switch output AUX3 and
AUX4 as either logical output or amplified output. This makes a
maximum compatibility between NEM660 and the available rolling material possible.
6.9.5. AUX5 to AUX 6
LokPilot XL V4.0 decoders decoders have additional function outputs that may be used as desired.
21
Installing the Decoder
6.9.5.1. Servo outputs
GND
+5V
IMP
AUX7 through to AUX10 may be used for “normal” loads but
are also capable to drive RC servos. All commercially available RC
servos with a positive pulse are suitable. Please observe the correct polarity when connecting the servos. Prior to controlling the
servos you must set the outputs to “Servo”. Please refer to chapter
12.3.7. for more information.
Seuthe smoke generators have considerable production tolerances. Therefore, it is possible that one unit works perfectly
well while another does not. Type of distillate and filling level
have an influence as well.
c) Setting the decoder output
For correct smoking action you should set the AUX output to
„Dimmer“ as well as full „Brightness.“ More info in chapter
12.
d) Connecting the smoke generator
Most smoke generators are wired against the chassis (ground).
Therefore the smoke generator only receives current in every
second half cycle. How much power gets to the smoke generator depends on your command station and the digital protocol.
Generally, Seuthe type 11 is recommended, but it does not get
enough power and therefore does not smoke satisfactorily.
There are two options on how to solve this problem:
Servo1
(AUX7)
Figure 18: RC servos to LokPilot XL V4.0
6.9.6. Suitable Smoke Generators
Unfortunately, it is not an easy task to find the right smoke generator for each locomotive. The amount of smoke generated depends
on the following factors:
a) Track voltage
The track voltage varies depending on the command station.
Therefore, it is possible that a locomotive generates smoke
when driven by one digital system but does not generate any
smoke with another system. Even 1V variation makes a big
difference.
b) Type and tolerance of the Seuthe smoke generator and the
smoke distillate
22
Solution 1: Using the Seuthe No. 10. This type is intended for analogue operation and draws a relatively high current. Subject to its
tolerance levels, it may trigger the overload protection of the decoder. In this case, you must wire a relay (ESU No. 51963) into the
circuit or you slightly reduce the „Brightness“ of the output.
Solution 2: Using the Seuthe No. 11. Do not wire it against the
chassis (ground) but rather use the blue wire for the second pole
(„U+“). This prevents the asymmetric track signal from interfering
with the smoke generator. It represents the best solution but is
sometimes a bit difficult in terms of wiring.
6.9.7.1. HALL Sensor IC
A Hall sensor is an electronic circuit that responds to an alternating
magnetic field similar to a reed switch. Hall sensors are easier to
adjust since the distance between sensor and magnet is not critical. A commonly used hall sensor, that can be purchased via mail
order is the TLE4905 by Siemens / Infineon. There are also many
compatible devices on the market. The terminals have to be wired
to the LokPilot as shown in figure 19.
Installing the Decoder
If you have trouble obtaining a hall sensor IC, you may also use a
subminiature reed switch. They are connected to the decoder with
two pins only. However, their sensitivity is not as good as hall IC
sensors and stronger magnets may be needed in order to trigger
these reed switches correctly. Furthermore the position of the reed
switches needs to be considered.
4x
Mini
magnet
Input
GND
VCC
Hall Sensor IC
6.10. Connecting Capacitors
Figure 19: HALL IC wiring to a LokPilot XL
Place four miniature magnets on the inner side of the driving
wheel in such a way that the magnet will trigger the HALL IC each
time it will pass the sensor IC. For 3-cylinder locomotives, you may
even need 6 magnets, depending on the cylinder configuration.
On many older layouts, current pick up of locomotives is not very
reliable. Therefore, power interruptions may cause a stop or jerky
movement when the locomotive travels over turnouts at low
speeds. This can be overcome with buffer capacitors (100 mF /
25V or higher show the desired results). If desired you may connect them to the LokPilot V4.0 or LokPilot micro V4.0.
Soldering wires onto a decoder requires quality soldering equipment and experience. Our warranty does not cover damage
caused by inappropriate soldering. Consider carefully if you really need that capacitor.
6.9.7.2. Reed switch sensor
4x
Mini
magnet
6.10.1. LokPilot H0, LokPilot micro decoders
Input
GND
Reed switch
You can connect two larger capacitors as per the circuit in the
upper half of figure 21.
The capacitor is charged via a resistor (100 Ohms) thus preventing
the digital system from interpreting the charging current as short
circuit at the time of switch-on. The diode makes sure that the
energy of the capacitor is fully available when required.
However, you may not run the LokPilot decoder on AC layouts
anymore. Risk of destruction!
Figure 20: Reed switch wiring to a LokPilot XL
23
Installing the Decoder
Disconnect / remove the capacitor prior to programming with
the ESU LokProgrammer!
You can solder a powerful energy buffer to all LokPilot V4.0 decoders. In the lower half of figure 21 we show you how to do it.
This „PowerPack“ allows your locomotive to keep running for 2
seconds without power.
•The PowerPack only operates in digital mode. It automatically
turns off on analogue layouts.
•It may take up to two minutes to fully charge the capacitor („GoldCap“). Therefore, the time bridged with the energy buffer depends
on the current draw of your locomotive and the charge-up time.
•The LokPilot XL V4.0 has an integral PowerPack matching the
higher current needed by models of the larger gauges. Additional
buffering with capacitors or further PowerPacks is neither intended nor necessary.
The time to be bridged with the PowerPack can be set in CV 113.
Find more details in chapter 10.9.
Further information about how to use the PowerPack module is to
be found in the “PowerPack module” manual.
+
-
U+

2200uF
25V
1N4007
LokPilot H0
GND
100Ω,1/4 Watts
2200uF
25V
+
-

6.10.2. Optional “PowerPack”
100Ω,1/4 Watts
LokPilot micro
U+
1N4007
GND
U+
ESU
Power
Pack
Charge
LokPilot H0
GND
LokPilot micro
ESU
Power
Pack
U+
Charge
GND
Figure 21: 2200mF capacitor to LokPilot / “PowerPack”
24
Initial Operation
7. Initial Operation
7.2. Digital Operating Modes
In the following chapters, we describe the operation of the LokPilot with different digital systems.
Since not every LokPilot supports all digital systems, we state
which chapter is applicable for which type.
7.1. Factory Default Values
The address is set to 03 with 14 speed steps.
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
F1 switches output AUX1.
F2 switches output AUX2.
F3 switches the shunting mode on and off.
F4 switches the acceleration and deceleration on and off.
•Does the locomotive move in both directions?
•Does the indicated direction of travel correspond with the actual
one? If not, are the motor leads swapped or is the 8-pin plug
inserted the wrong way round?
•Switch on the lights: do they work properly? If you have installed
a LokPilot with an 8-pin plug, check if the plug sits in the socket
correctly.
7.2.1. DCC-Betrieb
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
Remove any capacitors that are wired into the track feeders (e.g.
ROCO® feeder track). This could impair the functionality of the
decoder.
The LokPilot works with any DCC system. Unfortunately, the DCC
protocol also brings some difficulties into the game. One of them
occurs so often that we deal with it right away.
7.2.1.1. DCC Speed Steps („flashing lights“)
„Lights do not work“ with DCC systems: DCC locomotives run
with 14, 28, or 128 speed steps. The decoder offers all of the three
options and needs to „know“ with which option the the command station operates the decoder. The command station must be
able to operate with this mode and must be set accordingly. If this
is not the case, the following problems may occur:
•You cannot switch the lights with F0 at all.
•The lights keep switching on and off dependent on the speed
step. On and Off again, and On again, and Off again etc.
In this case, make sure that the speed step settings of decoder and
command station are the same.
25
Initial Operation
7.2.1.2. Auto-detection of DCC Speed Steps
LokPilot decoders implement auto-detection to avoid the above
problem. We have tested this with the following systems:
•ESU ECoS®
•Bachmann E-Z-Command® Dynamis®
•ROCO® Lokmaus2 und Lokmaus3
•Uhlenbrock® Intellibox
•Lenz® Digital plus V2.3
•ZIMO® MX1
When operating with Lenz® digital plus V3.0 the auto-detect
feature does not work at 14 speed steps. Select 28 / 128 speed
steps instead.
The LokPilot tries to establish the speed step setting every time it
receives power (i.e.: after switching on the power on your layout
or the track sector where your locomotive is located) and the lights
are switched on. This process requires that you switch on the lights
and turn the throttle until the lights light up continuously.
Should you change the speed step setting during operation then
you must interrupt the power to the decoder for a short moment
in order to activate the auto-detection.
This auto-detect feature can be turned off with bit 4 in CV 49 (also
refer to the CV table in chapter 21.1). Then you have to set the
correct speed step with bit 5 in CV 29.
7.2.2. Motorola® mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
The LokPilot works with all Märklin® devices and compatible systems that are in the market until now. The functions F1 to F4 can
only be activated with the so-called „new Motorola® format“. In
order to activate this you must set the DIP-switch 2 on your 6021
to the upper position („On“).
LokPilot decoders support two special features in Motorola®
mode:
7.2.2.1. 28 Speed Steps
While the original Motorola® system used by the following central units, namely Märklin® central unit 6021, Delta® and Mobile
Station®, only supports 14 speed steps, the LokPilot decoder can
also handle the 28-speed step mode. In conjunction with suitable
command stations (e.g.: ESU ECoS, in „Motorola® 28“ mode) this
leads to smoother control of your locomotives. No changes are
required on the decoder.
7.2.2.2. Extended Motorola® address range
While the original Motorola® format only knows the addresses
from 01 to 80, the LokPilot offers the following range of addresses:
LokPilot V4.0, LokPilot micro V4.0, LokPilot XL V4.0,
LokPilot V4.0 M4, LokPilot Fx V4.0
01 - 255
Chapter 9 explains how to set the address. There it is described
how with the aid of the second, third and fourth address (consecutive addresses) more than four functions can be controlled.
26
Initial Operation
7.2.3. Selectrix® mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
You may operate the LokPilot with any Selectrix® compatible
command station with access to the functions „lights“ and F1.
For programming any parameters, you must use the DCC programming mode. It is not possible to program it with a „pure“
Selectrix® system. Any changes programmed in DCC are also valid
for operation with Selectrix® command stations.
As soon as a decoder receives commands in Motorola® or DCC
format (whenever it receives a signal packet with information addressed to it), the Selectrix® receiver switches off automatically.
This allows trouble-free mixed operation with Selectrix® / DCC /
Motorola®. The Selectrix® receiver turns on again as soon as the
decoder detects a power interruption.
7.2.4. M4 mode
LokPilot V4.0 M4
Only after interrupting power to the decoder briefly or if it does
not receive any mfx® data packets for about 4 seconds will it accept other data packets again. The decoder prioritises its response
to incoming data packages:
Top priority is assigned to DCC with RailComPlus®. Therefore the
decoder will always register with RailComPlus and DCC to an ESU
ECoS command station, even when M4 is active.
If RailComPlus® is not available the second priority is M4. The
decoder will register with M4 to Märklin Central Station® command stations.
“Standard” DCC is at the same level as Motorola®.
Selectrix® has the lowest priority.
Data protocols not required can be turned off. How this is done
you find out in chapter 9.5.
7.3. Analogue mode
All LokPilot decoders are set ex factory to operate in analogue
mode as well.
Please take note of the remarks in chapter 10.4 if the decoder
should move repeatedly from analogue into digital sectors and
back.
7.3.1. Analogue DC operation
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
The LokPilot M4 is recognised and embedded into the system
automatically by the Märklin® systems devices Central Station®,
Central Station® 2 and Mobile Station® immediately after placing
the locomotive onto the track. This process runs automatically and
does not require any specific decoder settings.
As soon as the decoder receives a valid mfx® data packet (whenever the decoder recognizes that it is run by an mfx® capable
central unit) it will ignore Motorola®, Selectrix® as well as DCC
data packets.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
LokPilot decoders work on conventional DC layouts. From the factory, load compensation is active. This provides smooth control
of your locomotives even at low speeds (in DC mode as well).
Since load compensation requires about 3 – 4 Volts as „base voltage“ you must turn the throttle further than normal (=locomotives
without decoder) before the locomotive starts moving.
27
Programming
7.3.2. Analogue AC operation
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
Other LokPilot decoders than the ones mentioned above are not
suitable for analogue AC mode. AC will definitely lead to the
destruction of the decoder!
Where intended, LokPilot decoders support operation with AC
transformers. Therefore, the LokPilot decoder can simply replace
the old directional relay. Load compensation is active (similar to DC
mode) and provides smooth control and slow-speed-performance
you have never seen before. The LokPilot V4.0 recognised the
pulse for changing direction as usual. Just wait until the locomotive has stopped prior to changing direction.
Never issue the „Change of Direction“ command to a moving locomotive! This could lead to damaged gears!
We cannot recommend the use of the old (blue) Märklin® transformers that where originally designed for 220 Volt. Depending
on their age and their tolerance range, the pulse for changing
direction could be too high in case of increased mains voltage
and therefore destroy the LokPilot decoder.
Do yourself and your locomotives a favour and purchase a suitable
Märklin® transformer No. 6647 – your locomotives and decoders
will thank you with longer product life!
28
8. Decoder Settings (Programming)
Chapter 8 covers setting various parameters of the LokPilot decoder. Should you not be familiar with the handling of CVs please take
the time to read these occasionally quite complex instructions.
After an introduction into the world of parameters in chapter 8.1,
we explain in the following section 8.2 how to change various
parameters in DCC mode and with Märklin® central units.
The chapters 9 to 16 explain which parameters have what kind of
influence on the behaviour of the LokPilot decoder.
8.1. Adjustable Properties of Decoders
The hardware determines some features such as the number
of function outputs as well as the maximum permitted current
of the motor output and therefore they are not programmable.
Nevertheless, there are plenty of possibilities to influence the behaviour of the LokPilot decoder by adjusting software-governed
properties.
There is at least one memory space within the decoder reserved
for each adjustable parameter where numbers or letters can be
stored.
You could visualise the storage spaces as index cards in a large file
box. In order to enable you to find the right card again, they all
have numbers and / or names outlining the properties of this particular card such as „locomotive address“ or „maximum speed.“
Then imagine that you can write information onto these cards.
Adjusting the settings means nothing else but erasing one entry
and replacing it with another. Moreover, you could do that at any
time. However, you cannot write onto every card: some bits of
information like the manufacturer’s code are firmly encoded.
Thus, you can determine the content of the storage spaces in the
decoder even during operation and of course, the decoder will follow the instructions. Via the procedure known as „Programming,“
you can enter the desired data into the storage spaces.
Programming
8.1.1. M4 configuration range
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
The NMRA CV concept as described above has some disadvantages: On the one hand dealing with „collection CVs“ such as CV
29 with its binary format is complicated while on the other hand
you can only enter one value (!). How could one possibly store
locomotive names with this method?
Furthermore, it is not possible for the command station to find
out, which CVs a decoder supports. The NMRA has simply „forgotten“ to define a mechanism for providing feedback from the
decoder to the command station regarding the supported CVs.
With the introduction of the mfx® system the user does not have
to deal with CVs, values and the binary system. The command
station should rather request the decoder to provide this kind of
information and then enable the user to enter any values in an
easy way on the graphic interface.
For instance, you do not have to enter the value 15 in CV 3 on an
mfx® capable command station but rather set the acceleration
time to 10 seconds. Thanks to M4 you do not have to remember
that CV 3 contains the value for the acceleration time and that the
value 15 is equivalent to about 10 seconds. This kind of complex
technology is hidden in the mfx® command station.
Therefore the mfx® system does not cater for a direct method
of influencing the memory spaces, the so-called mfx® configuration area of the decoder. Generally, M4 only permits access via the
command station.
This method has only one drawback. How can the owners of other
command stations that are not mfx® capable access the configuration area? This is facilitated by means of a register concept that is
somewhat similar to the NMRA DCC CVs. Unfortunately this does
not provide access to all characteristics of the M4 decoder. Furthermore mfx® was not developed further as intended originally
and basically remains at the status of 2004.
Since ESU “educated” the Central Station® 60212 with the “Reloaded” Update and taught it to support DCC and when Märklin® followed with the current Central Station 2, the situation has
been somewhat eased: All current mfx® command stations also
support DCC and can program DCC decoders. Since all LokPilot
V4.0 decoders support DCC you now have the choice on how you
wish to program your decoder:
•The Central Station® 60212 Reloaded and the Central Station 2
offer a graphic programming option for M4 decoders. However,
it only recognises the “old” ESU LokPilot V3.5 decoders and their
possibilities as well as the similar and hardly changed Märklin decoders. The LokPilot V4.0 M4 respectively the LokPilot XL V4.0
can be programmed via this menu without any problems. Unfortunately some options are not available because the command
station “does not know them”.
•You may access all options via DCC programming. If you own an
ESU ECoS we recommend this kind of programming. This command station also provides a suitable profile for this decoder.
8.1.2. M4, the mfx® compatible protocol by ESU
Since the mfx® data protocol was introduced, it has been protected by Märklin® as a trade mark. This is why ESU decided in
January 2009 to use the name “M4” for all their decoders. M4 is
technically 100% compatible with mfx®.
All ESU decoders and command stations which are M4 compatible
can be easily combined with the corresponding Märklin®-mfx®
products. We would like to apologise for this inevitable change of
names due to reasons of trademark.
29
Programming
8.1.1. Configuration Variables (CVs)
8.1.1.2. Bits and Bytes
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot decoders follow the CV concept developed in the US. CV
stands for „Configuration Variable“ and indicates that the storage
cells described above are not only variable but they also determine
the behaviour of the decoder.
8.1.1.1. Standardisation in the NMRA
The NMRA (National Model Railroad Association) has defined
which CVs determine certain parameters of a decoder. The DCC
standard allocates fixed numbers for certain CVs (adherence is obligatory). This greatly simplifies things for the user since decoders
of most manufacturers comply with this standard and therefore
dealing with CVs requires the same process with the same CVnumbers regardless of the manufacturer.
The DCC concept permits to enter numbers ranging from 0 to 255
into CVs. Each CV carries only one number.
While the position number is predetermined, the range of values
may vary. Not all CVs must accept values ranging from 0 to 255.
The permitted values for LokPilot decoders are listed in the table in
chapter 20.1. showing all available CVs.
30
Most CVs contain numbers: CV 1 for instance contains the locomotive address. This can be any number between 1 and 127.
While most CVs expect numbers to be entered, some others are
rather like a „collection point“ of various „switches“, that administer different functions in one CV (mainly „on“ or „off): CVs 29
and 49 are good examples: you must calculate the value for these
CVs yourself. The value depends on which settings you want to
program:
Have a look at the explanations for CV 29 in the table in chapter 20.1.: firstly, decide which options should be active. The column „Value“ has two numbers for each option. If the option is
switched off, the value is 0. Otherwise, it is a number between 1
and 128. Add all the values for the respective options to arrive at
the correct value for this CV.
Example: Let us assume you want to run trains with the ECoS in
DCC mode with 128 speed steps. Analogue detection should be
active (because you also want to drive your locomotive in analogue mode). All other options are not active.
Therefore you must write the value 6 in CV 29 (0 + 2 + 4 +0 = 6).
8.2. Programming with popular digital systems
As already explained it is not possible to program every type of
LokPilot with every command station in the market. This chapter
explains which options are available.
Programming
8.2.1. Programming with DCC Systems
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot decoders support all NMRA programming modes as there
are the programming track modes (Direct Mode, Register Mode,
Paged Mode) and the mode for the main („POM“, „Programming
on the Main“).
Programming on the Main enables you to program your decoders comfortably without having to remove the locomotive form
the layout. In this case, the command station talks directly to the
decoder by using its locomotive address, for instance: „Locomotive number 50, write the value 7 into CV 3!“. Thus knowing the
locomotive address is a precondition. Unfortunately, you cannot
read CV values.
However, with RailCom® you can read CV values on the main.
More on this topic in chapter 15.
Assuming you have a suitable DCC system you can read CV values
on the programming track. You can also reprogram the locomotive address without knowing the old address since the command
station simply transmits the command „Write value 7 in CV 3!“.
Each decoder receiving this command will execute it.
ESU counts the bits from 0 to 7 as laid out in the standards while
others (e.g.: Lenz®) count the bits from 1 to 8.
program decoders with the graphic display. All CVs are stored in
the decoder profile thus enabling the ECoS to read them and to
display them on the screen. Chapter 16.5. of the ECoS manual
provides more information on this topic.
Please make sure that you always use the latest ECoS firmware
version. Whenever we expand the range of the LokPilot family,
only an update will add the required decoder profile.
8.2.3. Programming with Märklin® 6021
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
The Märklin® central unit 6021 works differently: Since it does not
comply with the NMRA DCC standards, LokPilot decoders start a
special, obligatory programming procedure. Reading of values is
not permitted.
There are two modes:
In the short mode, parameters with a number below 80 can be set
provided the desired value is also lower than 80.
In the long mode, all parameters with values from 0 to 255 are adjustable. Since the display of the 6020 /6021 is limited to two-digit
numbers, values must be split and entered in two separate steps.
8.2.2. Programming with the ESU ECoS
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
Owners of an ESU ECoS can comfortably program LokPilot decoders. ECoS has a library of „Decoder Profiles“ that help you to
31
Programming
8.2.3.1. Changing to the Programming Mode
Enter the programming mode with the 6020/6021:
The throttle must be set to „0“. No other locomotives may be on
on the layout. Watch out for flashing signals of the locomotive!
•Press the „Stop“ and „Go“ buttons of the 6021 simultaneously
until a reset has been triggered (alternately pull the mains plug of
the transformer). Press the „Stop“ button in order to switch off
the track voltage. Enter the current decoder address. If you do not
know the current address, simply enter „80“.
•Activate the change-of-direction button (turn the throttle knob to
the left beyond the arrestor until you hear a click sound), hold it in
this position and then press the „Go“ button.
Please bear in mind that the 6020/6021 only permits you to enter
values from 1 to 80. The value 0 is missing. Always enter „80“
instead of „0”.
8.2.3.2. Short Mode
The decoder is in the short mode (the headlights flash periodically
in brief intervals).
•Now enter the number of the CV that you want to adjust e.g.:
„01“. Always enter this number with two digits.
•For confirmation activate the change-of-direction routine (now
the lights flash twice very quickly).
•Now enter the new value for the desired CV, e.g.: 15 (two digits).
•For confirmation activate the change-of-direction routine (now
the lights light up for about one second).
•Then you can enter other CVs as desired.
•Selecting „80“ allows you to exit the programming mode. Alternately you can switch off the track voltage and then on again
(press the „Stop“ button on the 6021, then the „Go“ button).
32
8.2.3.3. Long Mode
You access the long mode by entering the value 07 in CV 07 while
in the short mode. The decoder confirms the change to the long
mode by slowly flashing lights.
•Enter the hundred-digit and the ten-digit (decade) of the CV that
you want to change. Example: If you want to adjust CV 124, you
enter „12“.
•For confirmation activate the change-of-direction routine (now
the lights flash periodically: long – short – long – short - etc.)
•Now enter the unit of the CV („04“ in this example).
•For confirmation activate the change-of-direction routine. Now
the decoder expects the entry of the CV value. The lights flash
periodically: long – short – short).
•Now enter the hundred-digit and the ten-digit (decade) of the
new CV value (as a two-digit number). Example: You want to write
the value 135. Therefore, you enter „13“.
•For confirmation activate the change-of-direction routine. Now
the lights flash periodically: long – short – short – short).
•Now enter the unit of the new CV value as a two-digit number
(„05“ in this example).
•For confirmation activate the change-of-direction routine (now
the lights light up for about one second).
•Now you can adjust more CVs in long mode.
•Exit the long mode by switching off the track voltage and then
on again (press the „Stop“ button on the 6021, then the „Go“
button).
Programming
8.2.4. Programming with the Märklin® Mobile Station®
8.2.5. Programming with the Märklin® Central Station
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
With the Mobile Station®, you can also adjust some of the CVs.
Use the Register Programming Menu to facilitate this.
As with the 6021, you can only enter values between 1 and 80.
The possible CV values are also limited to that range from 1 to
80.
You will find the programming menu in the locomotive menu of
the Mobile Station®. It is only available for certain locomotives. Of
course, this works only for a programmable locomotive.
Proceed as follows:
•Enter a new locomotive in the database. How you do this is explained in the manual for the Mobile Station®.
•Select locomotive 36330. The locomotive Ex 3/3 is shown as active
on the display.
•By pressing the „MENU / ESC“ button you can now change any of
the settings such as name, address, etc. in the heading „CHANGE
LOCOMOTIVE“. The last function shown is „Register Programming“ (REG). Select this for writing CVs.
•Then select the CV (called „REG“ on the Mobile Station®) and
then the desired value and confirm by pressing the change-ofdirection button.
•The Mobile Station® will program the new value into the decoder.
Please remove all locomotives which should not be programmed!
LokPilot V4.0 M4
With the Central Station® until software version 2.04, you can
program the CVs 1 to 80 via the Motorola® programming menu.
Unfortunately, you can only enter values between 1 and 80. Find
more information regarding this programming mode in chapter 8
of the manual of the Central Station®.
Owners of a Central Station “Reloaded” or a Central Station 2
can program LokPilot decoders in DCC mode without any problems. With the CS1 “Reloaded” please proceed as described in the
manual in chapter 18 (“Decoder programming”).
When using a Central Station 2, DCC programming is somewhat
trickier.
•Establish a new locomotive manually. This must be done even if
the decoder registers itself via mfx®. The locomotive address is not
important in this context.
•Call up the new “Dummy” locomotive with a throttle.
•Open the menu “Edit locomotive” and select type “DCC”.
•Open the function “Edit locomotive”.
•Now enter all CVs you wish to configure in the list. Only then the
command station will read out the values and save any changes.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
The M4 capable decoders can be programmed directly via the decoder menu with all mfx® compatible command stations.
33
Programming
However, not all decoder options may be available in this mode.
This compromise is necessary in order to serve all mfx® command
stations on the market.
8.2.6. Programming with the ESU LokProgrammer
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
tool. This helps to write the number of the CVs desired temporarily
into two assisting CVs (so-called address registers), since the usual
CVs cannot be reached.
Afterwards the value of the CV desired will be programmed into
another assisting CV (so-called value register). When the value
register is written, the content will be copied to the actual desired
position and the assisting CV will be set back.
Consequently, 3 CVs have to be programmed to write one CV.
These 3 CVs mean the following:
CV Name
Description
Value range
The LokProgrammer 53451 offers the easiest and most comfort96 Address offset Saves the CV number that
0–9
able way of setting the CVs of LokPilot decoders: simply by a few
should
be
actually
programmed
mouse clicks on an MS-Windows® computer. The computer saves
in hundreds.
you to look for the various CV numbers and values. More information is contained in the manual for the LokProgrammer.
97 Address
Saves the CV number that
0-99
should be actually programmed
You can access all properties of ESU decoders with the LokProin units and tens.
grammer. Since this works independently form the data format it
99 Value
Saves the value of the CV that 0-255
also works for mfx® decoders.
should be actually programmed.
Please use the software version from V4.3.0 onwards for the Lok
Pilot V4.0 decoder. The software is available for download on our
website!
Example: You wish to programm CV 317 with value 120.
Proceed as follows:
8.2.7. Programming with the ROCO® Multimaus
•Programm the value of the CV number in hundreds in CV 96. In
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
this example: CV 96 = 3.
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
•Programm the value of the CV number in units and tens in CV 97.
In our example: CV 97 = 17.
LokPilot XL V4.0
•Programm the desired value in CV 99. In our example: CV 99 =
120.
Due to a severe firmware error the current LokPilot V4.0 decoder
As soon as you have programmed CV 99, the value of CV 99 will
cannot be programmed with the Multimaus - firmware 1.00. In
be transferred into CV 317. Is the programming finished, CVs 96,
this case you must return your Multimaus to your dealer or directly
97 and 99 will be set back automatically.
to the ROCO® service for an update to version 1.02 or a newer.
Unfortunately the ROCO® Multimaus® is not able to programm
any CVs via number 255 due to an error in the current (State:
Dec. 2010) firmware version 1.02. To make, however, a proper
programming procedure possible, we implemented an assistance
34
Programming
8.2.8. Programming with the ROCO® LokMaus II
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
The ROCO® LokMaus II is generally one of the most successful
DCC command stations. However, as an affordable system designed for beginners it only allows the writing of two-digit CV
numbers as well as CV values.
Similarly as with the MultiMaus® the problem can be solved via an
assistance procedure. This helps to porgramm the number of the
CVs desired temporarily into two assisting CVs (so-called address
registers) instead of programming the actual CV. Afterwards the
value desired will be separated into two parts and programmed
into two further assisting CVs (so-called value registers). When
the last value register is written, the content will be copied to the
respective desired position and all assisting CVs will be set back.
Consequently, 4 CVs have to be programmed to write one CV.
These 4 CVs mean the following:
CV
96
97
98
99
Name
Description
Address offset Saves the CV number that
should be actually programmed
in hundreds.
Address
Saves the CV number that
should be actually programmed
in units and tens.
Value offset
Saves the value that should
be actually programmed into
hundreds.
Value
Saves the value of the CV that
sould be actually programmed
in untis and tens.
Example: You wish to programm CV 317 with value 120.
Proceed as follows:
•Programm the value of the CV number in hundreds in CV 96. In
this example: CV 96 = 3
•Programm the value of the CV number in units and tens in CV 97.
In our example: CV 97 = 17
•Programm the CV value in hundreds in CV 98. In our example:
CV 98 = 1
•Programm the CV value in untis and tens in CV 99. In our example:
CV 99 = 20
As soon as you have programmed CV 99, the value of CV 99 will
be transferred into CV 317. Is the programming finished, CVs 96,
97,98 and 99 will be set back automatically.
Value range
0–9
0-99
0-9
0-99
35
Address Settings
9. Address Settings
Each LokPilot decoder requires a definite address to be addressable for the central unit. Depending on the type of decoder and
the digital system, there are several possibilities how to allocate
addresses.
9.1. Short Addresses in DCC mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
9.3. Motorola® address
You can also operate many LokPilot decoders with the Motorola®
format. The address for this operating mode is stored in CV 1.
LokPilot XL V4.0
Normally you would control LokPilot decoders with the short address that is stored in CV 1. In DCC mode, the permitted values
range from 1 to 127. In order to enable the decoder to „listen“ to
the short address you must delete bit 5 in CV 29.
Some digital systems (e.g. ROCO® Lokmaus II, Lenz® digital plus,
Lenz® compact) only support the values 1 – 99 as short address.
9.2. Long Addresses in DCC mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
You can operate LokPilot decoders also with long addresses (4-digit addresses). The supported values range from 128 – 10239. The
long address is stored in the CVs 17 and 18. You must activate the
long address by setting bit 5 in CV 29.
Bit 5 in CV 29 switches between short and long address. The decoder can only respond to one address at a time.
If you want to use your LokPilot with the long address it is practical to program this address directly with your digital system: most
modern digital systems (e.g. ESU ECoS, Bachmann E-Z Command® Dynamis®) have a menu for programming long address-
36
es. The command station not only programs CV 29 correctly but
also assures the correct storage of the values for the long address
in CV 17 and 18.
If you want to enter the long address manually in CV 17 and 18
please refer to chapter 22.1.
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
This address is identical to the short address in DCC mode as
described in chapter 9.1. The LokPilot decoder responds both to
commands in DCC and in Motorola® mode at the same time. The
permitted values are listed in chapter 7.2.2.2.
Märklin® digital devices (6020, 6021, Delta®) can only work with
addresses from 1 to 80. Should you have entered a higher value
in CV 1 you will not be able to drive this locomotive with these
central units.
9.3.1. Consecutive addresses for more functions
The extended Motorola®-Format covered only the lighting function (F0) and the auxiliary function F1 to F4. Of course, this is far
too few for the many functions of the LokPilot V4.0.
Therefore one can assign up to three additional addresses (4 addresses in total). The so called consecutive addresses follow immediately after the actual address stored in CV 1 and serve to
trigger functions. Motor control is solely accomplished via the base
address in CV 1.
Address Settings
Example: You select the address 50 in CV 1 for a class 50 locomotive. You want to set 3 consecutive addresses. They are 51, 52 and
53. They will then switch the consecutive functions whenever you
call up theses addresses on your 6021:
LokPilot XL V4.0
Name
Address
Functions
Base address
50
F0, F1 – F4
Consecutive address 1
51 (50+1)
F5 – F8
Consecutive address 2
52 (50+2)
F9 – F12
Even in an mfx® compatible system addresses are needed for controlling locomotives. However, they are assigned automatically by
the command station when the locomotive reports to it for the
first time. The addresses can neither be programmed manually by
the user nor can they be read out.
Consecutive address 3
53 (50+3)
F13 – F16
9.5. Turning off data protocols not needed
Please make sure that no other vehicle is programmed to any of
the consecutive addresses (in this example 51 to 53). Otherwise
you will inadvertently run several vehicles at the same time!
The consecutive addresses are activated with bits 3 and 7 in CV
49. For reasons of compatibility they are not next to each other.
The relationship is as follows:
Value to be added
to CV 49
0
Bit 7
Bit 3
Meaning
0
0
No consecutive address
0
1
Consecutive address 1 active 8
1
0
Consecutive address 2 active 128
1
1
Consecutive address 3 active 136
First read out the value in CV 49 (default value: CV 49 = 1) and
the value shown in column 4. If, for instance, you wish to activate
3 consecutive addresses then you must write the value 136 + 1 =
137 into CV 49.
Consecutive addresses are only active in Motorola® mode.
9.4. Addresses in M4 mode
LokPilot V4.0 M4
If you know for certain on which layouts your locomotives will be
“travelling” you can turn off the data protocols not needed. This
is useful if multi protocol command stations lead to problems. CV
47 is responsible.
CV 47 Bit
0
1
2
3
Protocol
DCC protocol on
DCC protocol off
M4 protocol on
M4 protocol off
Motorola® protocol on
Motorola® protocol off
Selectrix® protocol on
Selectrix® protocol off
Value
1
0
2
0
4
0
8
0
Ex works all protocols are active (CV 47 = 15). In order to establish
the value of CV 47, simply add all values in column 3 and write
them into CV 47.
For safety reasons the protocol used for writing into CV 47 cannot
be turned off. If you use, for instance, an ESU ECOS and write
CV 47 in DCC format then the DCC protocol will remain on. If
you use a 6021 then, of course, the Motorola® protocol cannot
be turned off.
Programming with the ESU LokProgrammer cannot be turned off
either.
37
Adapting the Driving Characteristics
10. Adapting the Driving Characteristics
10.1. Acceleration and deceleration
Acceleration and brake time can be set independently from each
other. Therefore, you could for instance program a short acceleration and a much longer brake time.
The time for accelerating is adjusted in CV 3 while deceleration is
set in CV 4. Permitted values are 0 (no delay) to 63.
The times set in these CVs work speed dependant. Therefore, the
acceleration distance and the brake distance are longer at high
speeds. In other words, the faster the locomotive moves, the
longer is the distance until it stops.
For information on how to set a brake distance independently of
the speed refer to chapter 10.6.
10.1.1. Switching acceleration / deceleration
LokPilot decoders can deactivate acceleration and deceleration by
the push of a button. This is particularly handy for shunting since
your locomotive responds directly to the throttle.
The default setting for this function is function button F4.
LokPilot decoders know internally 256 speed steps. They can be
adapted to the characteristic of the locomotive and allocated to
the actually available speed steps (14, 28, or 128).
The NMRA defined two options to facilitate this:
Motor characteristic via CV 2, 5, and 6 (fig. 22): Enter the start
voltage in CV 2 and the maximum speed in CV 5. CV 6 corresponds with the speed at a medium speed step. Thus, you can
define a “kink” in the speed curve. This mode is active if bit 4 =
0 in CV 29.
The values of the start, mid and maximum speed are dependent
on each other. Selecting a mid speed that is lower than the start
speed or higher than the maximum speed could lead to some erratic driving performance. Therefore always adhere to the principle: start voltage < mid speed < maximum speed.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
10.1.2. Shunting mode
The default setting for the shunting mode is F3. It reduces the
speed to about 50%. Thus, you have smoother control of your locomotive in the lower speed ranges, which is important for shunting, particularly in the 14-speed-step mode.
10.2. Starting Voltage, Maximum and Medium Speed
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
64
CV 5
32
CV 6
CV 2
1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Figure 22: Speed settings using CV 2, 6, 5
38
Adapting the Driving Characteristics
The M4 capable decoders do not implement the 3-point line as
per the NMRA standards. Instead only the start voltage (CV 2) and
the maximum speed (CV 5) are supported. You will find more info
on this in chapter 10.3.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
10.3. Speed Curve
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
You may also define your own speed curve: simply enter the desired values in the CVs 67 to 94 (also refer to Fig. 23). The decoder
will superimpose these 28 values onto the real speed steps. Thus,
you can adapt the driving performance optimally to your locomotive. This mode is only active if bit 4 in CV 29 is set.
We recommend using the ESU LokProgrammer for easy and comfortable programming.
When this mode is active, the settings in CV 2, CV 5, and CV 6
have no influence.
LokPilot V4.0 M4 and LokPilot XL V4.0 implement the concept of
the mfx® speed curve. That means that the speed curve is always
active and cannot be turned off with CV 29 bit 4. CV 2 and CV 5
define a scale factor around which the points of the speed curve
are scaled. This ways it is far easier to adjust the maximum speed
of a locomotive to an active speed curve.
Have a look at the speed curve in Fig. 24. The last entry (CV 94) is
255. This represents full speed. If you wish to reduce the maximum
speed you only have to reduce the value of CV 5. The decoder
computes (squeezes) the speed curve in such a way that the shape
of the speed curve remains despite the lower maximum speed.
The same is true for the first entry. The speed curve will be raised
and scaled subject to the value in CV 2.
The CVs 67 and 94 are permanently set to the values of 1 respectively 255 in this decoder.
10.4. Changing between operating modes
You may change from a digital to an analogue sector of your layout „on-the-fly“ at any time.
The locomotive behaves as follows:
64
10.4.1. Changing from Digital to Analogue DC
32
1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
When the decoder enters the analogue DC sector, it monitors the
polarity of the track voltage. If the polarity (and the resulting direction of travel as per NEM) matches the the direction of travel in
digital mode the locomotive will continue without stopping at the
speed that corresponds to the analogue voltage.
If the polarity does not match than the behaviour depends on the
settings in CV 27:
Figure 23: Free speed curve
39
Adapting the Driving Characteristics
10.4.4. Changing from Digital to Digital
If the DC brake mode is active in CV 27 then the locomotive will
slow down to a stop with the programmed deceleration, if not,
then the locomotive will change the direction and back out of the
analogue sector. Chapter 10.5 provides detailed info about brake
sectors and the appropriate settings.
LokPilot V4.0
10.4.2. Changing from Digital to Analogue AC
Travelling between sectors with different digital protocols, namely
Motorola® and DCC is possible at any time. The LokPilot decoder
interprets each valid data package from the command station.
If a locomotive travels into an analogue AC sector, it will continue
onwards in the same direction at a speed corresponding to the
analogue track voltage.
This mode is not available for the LokPilot micro V4.0!
10.4.3. Changing from Analogue to Digital (Directional Bit)
When entering the digital sector the locomotive compares the current direction of movement with the digital signals arriving via the
track: If the actual direction matches the one as per the digital
signal, the locomotive continues onwards at a speed corresponding with the digital signals.
Does the direction not match the commands from the digital system, then the behaviour depends on the settings in the „directional bit“ (also refer to chapter 14.1. for more details):
If the directional bit has been set, then the decoder ignores the directional commands from the central unit, the locomotive continues in the same direction; only the speed will be adjusted according to the commands from the central unit. Therefore, the actual
direction of movement does not match the direction as intended
by the central unit for the time being; however, this changes once
a change-of-direction-command is activated at the central unit.
If the directional bit has not been set, then the locomotive slows
down and stops according to the programmed deceleration,
changes its direction and returns to the conventional sector. What
happens next is described in chapter 10.4.1 resp. 10.4.2.
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
Travelling from Selectrix® to DCC or Motorola® is only possible
after a short power interruption (also refer to chapter 7.2.3).
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
As mentioned in chapter 7.2.4 a change over from Motorola®
or DCC to mfx® is possible at any time as soon as the decoder
contains a valid mfx® packet. When changing from mfx® to
Motorola® respectively to DCC (for instance, when a locomotive
moves from a DCC controlled sector on the layout to one that is
controlled by a 6021) the decoder accepts the Motorola® packets
after about 4 seconds. During the first 4 seconds the locomotive
will continue with the current speed and direction.
10.4.5. Changing modes with analogue mode turned off
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
40
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
Adapting the Driving Characteristics
10.5.2. Märklin® brake mode
LokPilot Fx V4.0
LokPilot V4.0
Perhaps you have disabled analogue mode on your decoder (bit 2
in CV 29 is deleted). When the locomotive moves from the digital
sector into the analogue one, the locomotive will continue with
the set speed and direction. However, you cannot issue any commands to that locomotive until is back in a digital sector.
Under certain circumstances, the decoder interprets the analogue
DC voltage as brake sector and slows down to a stop; please refer
to chapter 10.5.
LokPilot micro V4.0
10.5. Brake sectors
Brake sectors have the purpose to slow down the locomotive
independently from the commands issued by the command station. Frequently, this function serves for stopping a train in front
of a red signal. If a LokPilot detects a brake command, it will slow
down with the programmed deceleration and then stop. After this
enforced stop, the locomotive will accelerate again as per the programmed values in CV 3.
Depending on the type of digital system, there are several options
on how to influence the decoder so that it stops the train.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
In principle, the Märklin® modules 72441 / 72442 apply a DC
voltage to the track instead of the digital signals. Provided bit 3
and bit 4 in CV 27 is set, then LokPilot decoders detect this voltage
and will stop the train (CV 27 = Value 24).
The signal generated by these modules looks the same as DC from
conventional DC-transformers. The LokPilot could possible misinterpret this and switch to the analogue mode instead of brake.
If you wish to control the LokPilot decoder with DCC signals and
keep your Märklin® brake sectors then you should switch off the
DC analogue mode by deleting bit 1 in CV 50. The LokPilot will
stop as desired.
10.5.3. Selectrix® Diode Brake Sector
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
10.5.1. DC brake mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
In order to activate the DC brake mode you must set bit 3 in CV
27. The LokPilot decoder will start brake once it moves from a
digital sector into a DC sector provided the brake mode is active
and the polarity of the track voltage does NOT match the current
direction of travel. The locomotive will stop taking into account
the programmed deceleration.
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
LokPilot decoders also detect the Selectrix®-diode brake sector
and stop as desired.
10.5.4. Lenz® ABC brake mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
41
Adapting the Driving Characteristics
As a new function the LokPilot V4.0 decoder supports the ABC
braking technique introduced by Lenz®. In order to use this function a group of anti-parallel diods will be be soldered to one half
of the track. The resulting fall of voltage generates an assymetrical
DCC signal. LokPilot decoders are able to detect the potential difference between the left and right half of the signal. If desired, the
decoder will be stopped.
To be able to use the ABC technique you also need, beside the adequate LokPilot V4.0 decoder, an appropriate brake module. The
ABC technique can only be operated with boosters offering an
exact symmetrical output. All command stations and boosters by
ESU and Lenz® garantuee a symmetrical output. We don´t recommend to use other boosters for the ABC technique.
•If you wish to stop the LokPilot decoder when the track signal is
stronger on the right side than on the left side (and the diods are
also installed on the left side), set bit 2 in CV 27.
•If you wish to stop the LokPilot decoder when the track signal is
stronger on the left side than on the right side (and the diods are
also installed on the right side), set bit 1 in CV 27.
•If you want to stopp the decoder no matter in which half of the
track the diods are set, please set bit 2 and bit 1 in CV 27 (CV
27 = 3).
10.6. Constant brake distance
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
An attractive function hides behind CV 254 (ESU brake mode):
Here you can set a constant distance for braking the train, from
the beginning of the brake sector to the stopping point. Thus, it
is possible to stop the train right in front of a red signal regardless
of the speed. The LokPilot simply calculates the required brake
effect.
The higher the value in CV 254, the longer is the brake distance.
Simply make some trials on a test track in order to find the values
best suited to your locomotive.
If CV 254 is set to 0, then the normal time mode according to
chapter 10.1. will automatically turn on.
The constant brake distance is only active in brake sectors. When
you turn the throttle back to 0, the locomotive will slow down as
per the value in CV 4.
10.5.4.1. ABC “slow approach” section
Train A) slows down linearly: Immediately after reaching the braking point, it slows down linearly and stops at the stop point.
The decoders also detect ”slow approach” sectors implemented
with the Lenz® BM2 module. The desired speed in the slow approach sector can be adjusted with CV 123. The value 255 corresponds with full speed while the value 0 would stop the locomotive.
Train B) is fast, continues to drive
only a short distance to the defined
braking point, slows down and stops
at the braking point.
Train C) also
continues to travel to
the defined braking
point, slows down
and stops at the
same point.
42
Speed
10.5.4.2. ABC detection threshold
In some operational situations it may happen that the LokPilot
decoder does not detect the ABC braking section. This may be
caused by the wiring or the boosters respectively the braking diodes.
You can influence the detection sensitivity with the aid of CV
134. Change the default value (12) step by step and test until you
achieve the desired result.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
Way
Entry in the brake sector
Desired stop point
(defined by CV 254)
Figure 24: Constant brake distance
Adapting the Driving Characteristics
10.7. Settings for analogue operation
Via CV253 you can chose how the LokPilot should decelerate.
10.6.1. Linear braking distance
CV253 = 0: The loco starts immediately to stop linearly after receiving the braking command. The brake effort is determined by the
decoder so that, independent from the starting speed, the loco
will stopp after reaching the way defined in CV254. The dashed
line in Figure 24 shows the relation.
10.6.2. Constant Linear Braking Distance
CV253 > 0: Is the value in CV253 higher than 0, the locomotive
continues to drive ahead for some time when entering the braking section to finally brake within the braking time indicated in
CV253. The effort of the braking effect is now constant as set in
CV253. The decoder changes the brake timing accordingly so that
the locomotive stopps at the correct position in the end. Figure 24
shows this quite clearly.
10.6.3. Push-pull trains
In order to assure that push-pull trains also stop at the correct
point ahead of a red signal it is possible to set the braking distance
for the reverse direction separately. This can be done with CV 255.
If the value of CV 255 is greater than 0 then the value of CV 254
determines forward movement and CV 255 reverse movement.
Typically the value for the reverse movement (driving trailer leads
the train) is set for a shorter distance.
10.6.4. Braking at speed step 0
In order to apply the constant braking distance mode the decoder
must generally detect a braking section. This may be disadvantageous, particularly when operation is computer controlled because the software transmits the “braking command” directly by
setting speed step 0 even if there is no physical brake section.
In order to assure that the LokPilot V 4.0 responds to the brake
command with constant braking distance can be achieved by setting bit 7 in CV 27. This results in the decoder braking whenever
speed step 0 is set.
You can adjust the acceleration and maximum speed of the LokPilot separately for analogue DC and AC mode. Thus, you can adapt
the speed of your locomotive also to analogue operations.
You will have to determine suitable values by trial and error since
they depend on the type of transformer (throttle) and the drive
system of your locomotive.
Please note that load compensation is always active ex works,
even in analogue mode. This gives you smooth control even at
very low speeds.
10.7.1. DC analogue operation
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
In DC analogue mode you can adjust the starting speed with the
CVs 125 and the maximum speed with CV126.
The motor is switched off again as soon as the throttle voltage
goes below a certain value. Normally this value is equal to the
switch on voltage (CV 125) but can be lowered by an “Offset”.
This offset is stored in CV 130.
Functions such as lights and sound can be turned on in advance
even when another (usually lower) voltage independent of the
motor. To achieve this, the offset is written into CV 129.
The behaviour can be described as follows:
Motor on
CV 125
Motor off
CV 125 – CV 130
Functions on
CV 125 – CV 129
Functions off
CV 125 – CV 129 – CV 130
43
Adapting the Driving Characteristics
10.7.2. AC analogue operation
10.8. Motor brake
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
In AC analogue mode you can adjust the starting speed with CV
127 and the maximum speed with CV 128.
The motor is switched off again as soon as the throttle voltage
goes below a certain value.
Normally this value is equal to the switch on voltage (CV 127) but
can be lowered by an “Offset”. This offset is stored in CV 130.
Functions such as lights and sound can be turned on in advance
even when another (usually lower) voltage independent of the
motor. To achieve this, the offset is written into CV 129.
The behaviour can be described as follows:
44
Motor on
CV 127
Motor off
CV 127 – CV 130
Functions on
CV 127 – CV 129
Functions off
CV 127 – CV 129 – CV 130
If so desired the LokPilot XL V4.0 decoder can short circuit the
motor when the locomotive is stationary. This “fixing brake” can
prevent the inadvertent rolling away of the locomotive on a downhill gradient respectively reduce the curl.
The motor brake can be turned on by setting bit 6 in CV 124.
The motor brake is only active as long as track voltage is available.
10.9. Configure the PowerPack „Switch off“ time
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
When you connect an external capacitor or PowerPack, you are
able to make the decoder switch off after a certain time. CV113 is
responsible for that, since you are able to determine at what time
the decoder is to switch off (as a multiple of 0.0164 seconds). You
should set a time between 0.3 and 1.0 seconds to prevent your
locos from driving too far during an emergency.
From firmware version 4.6. the LokPilot decoder has installed an
“energy saving mode”: If the decoder recognises a dirty spot on
the tracks, it will automatically reduce its volume to save energy.
Usually you will barely notice the volume reduction, if at all. If
you use larger capacitors or the PowerPack, the volume reduction
is, however, unwelcome. Thus the volume reductions only active
when value <= 10 is set in CV113.
Motor Control
11. Motor Control
11.1.2. Adjustments for other motors / „Fine Tuning“
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot XL V4.0
5th generation load compensation enables LokPilot decoders to
execute precise motor control. Even with the default settings,
most locomotives run perfectly.
11.1. Adjusting load compensation
Should you find after programming and doing the initial test that
the locomotive does not run smoothly particularly at low speed or
that the locomotive jerks a little after having stopped or if your are
simply unsatisfied with the driving performance, then you should
adjust the load compensation of your LokPilot decoder.
Due to the large number of different types of motors and drive
systems there is no single setting that suits all. Load compensation
can be influenced with 5 CVs.
Firstly, check if the irregular performance is due to any mechanical
faults. Bent driving rods are one common cause. When you turn
off load compensation (set CV56 to 0) and the problem persists
then it is likely there is a mechanical fault.
11.1.1. Parameter for frequently used motors
We have listed the correct settings for the most common motors
in table fig. 25. If a motor is missing, it means either that the
default settings produce good results or that we have not yet sufficient experience about these motors.
Set the suitable values and test-drive your locomotive.
Unfortunately, the motors available in the market have considerable variations due to tolerances. This is even true for the same
type. Therefore, LokPilot decoders enable you to adapt load compensation to the motor with CVs 53, 54 and 55. If the recommended values above do not lead to acceptable results, you can
further optimise them.
Especially for the slow driving sector (speed step 1) the LokPilot
V4.0 with CV 51 and CV 52 to change the gain control. This helps
to avoid any jerking while driving extremely slowly.
However, before doing this you must make sure that there are no
capacitors wired between the motor terminals and the chassis.
The commutator of the motor must be clean and the drive system
should run freely. The wheel contacts and other contact plates of
the locomotive must also be clean and make reliable contact.
11.1.2.1. Parameter „K“
Parameter „K“, stored in CV 54, influences how strongly load control will affect the driving performance. The higher the value, the
more load control will respond to any changes and try to adjust
the revs of the motor.
Parameter „K“ needs adjustment if the locomotive runs unevenly
(jerks).
Reduce the value of CV 54 by 5 and test-run the locomotive to
see if there are any improvements. Repeat these steps until the
locomotive runs smoothly at speed step 1.
11.1.2.2. Parameter „I“
Parameter „I“, stored in CV 55, provides important information
to the decoder on how much inertia the motor has. Motors with
large flywheels naturally have more inertia than smaller ones or
coreless motors.
Adjust parameter „I“ if the locomotive jerks somewhat just before
it stops or „jumps“ at lower speeds (lower third of the speed step
range) or simply does not run smoothly.
45
Motor Control
•Increase the value by 5 starting with the default value for motors
with very small or no flywheels.
•Reduce the value by 5 starting with the default value for motors
with large flywheels.
Test again and repeat this procedure until you arrive at the desired
result.
11.1.2.3. Reference voltage
In CV 53, you set the EMF reference voltage generated by the
motor at maximum revs. This parameter may have to be adapted
subject to the track voltage and the efficiency of the motor.
If the locomotive reaches maximum speed when the throttle is
set to about three-quarter and the top third of the throttle has
no influence on the speed, then you should reduce the value of
CV 53. Reduce the value by 5 – 8 and test the locomotive again.
Repeat this process until the locomotive just reaches its maximum
speed when the throttle is fully open.
On the other hand, if the locomotive moves too slowly at full
throttle then you should increase the value of CV 53 step by step
until the maximum speed is reached.
11.1.2.4. Parameter “K slow”
Together with the LokPilot V4.0 decoder an additional CV 52 has
been introduced which separately determines the gain control
considerably for the whole slow driving sector in speed step 1.
If you are not satisfied with the driving behaviour when the locomotive drives slowly or starts, while everything is fine with the
medium and high speed steps, you should increase the value of
CV 52 by ca. 5 - 10 than the value set in CV 54.
11.1.2.5. Parameter „I slow“
Here you can adjust the inertia of the motor separately for slow
speeds and starting from a stop. The desired value is to be entered into CV 51. The parameters “K slow” and “I slow” jointly
influence the behaviour at speed steps 1 and 2 while the parameters CV 54 (“K) and CV 55 (“I”) are responsible for the remaining speed steps. The decoder computes a speed curve in order to
avoid any abrupt changes.
Motor type
Remark
CV 2
CV 51
CV 52
CV 53
CV 54
CV 55
CV 56
Standard values (factory values)
for ROCO®, Liliput®, Brawa
3
0
15
140
50
100
255
4
0
32
112
80
50
255
Fleischmann® round motor
Märklin® SFCM small
with magnet 51961
4
0
30
50
40
175
200
Märklin® SFCM large
with magnet 51960
4
0
30
50
40
175
200
Märklin® DCM
with magnet 51962
4
0
30
50
40
175
200
3
0
32
120
60
95
255
3
0
16
140
48
20
255
HAG® motor
4
0
15
100
40
175
200
Faulhaber® motor
4
0
32
140
80
50
255
Piko® motor
3
0
20
80
30
30
255
Märklin® 5*-high-perfomance motor
Märklin® / Trix locos with Maxon® motor
Remove the motor EMC capacitors!
Figure 25: Chart with load regulation values for commonly used motors
46
Motor Control
11.1.2.6 Adaptive Regulation Frequency
11.2. Turning off Load Compensation
The decoder operates ex works with a mutable (adaptive) regulation frequency to drive the motor as precisely as possible. However, as a result some motors might show a nasty buzzing noise.
For such motors you are able to set the regulation frequency on a
constant value. Set bit 4 to “1” in CV 124.
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
11.1.3. Automatic calibration of the motor
You can also switch off load compensation by writing the value 0
in CV 56 („Control Influence“).
With load control turned off, the starting voltage in CV 2 should
be increased until the locomotive starts moving at speed step 1
or 2.
LokPilot V4.0 decoders offer a feature for automatic calibration
of the motor. I most cases this procedure leads to excellent load
compensation characteristics. However, due to the infinite number
of possible combinations of motors and gear boxes a good result
cannot be guaranteed in all cases. But it is certainly worth a try.
Proceed as follows:
•Set the vehicle onto a piece of straight and preferably level track.
This track must be at least as long as to allow the locomotive to
run at full speed for about two seconds. This movement takes
place automatically during calibration. Provide buffer stops or
something similar to prevent the locomotive from running off the
track!
•Call up the locomotive on your throttle and make sure that F1 is
switched off and the throttle is set to speed step 0. Set the direction of travel as desired.
•Write the value 0 into CV 54 (either on the programming track
or with POM).
•Now press the “F1” button. The locomotive will start running at
full speed automatically. During about 1.5 seconds you will not be
able to control this locomotive!
•The locomotive will automatically stop and the identified load
compensation parameters will be saved in the CVs 51, 52, 53,
54 and 55.
•If you wish you can now further optimise the load control parameters starting from the calibrated settings.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
11.3. Adapting Load Control Frequency
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
In the LokPilot decoders load control works normally with 40 kHz.
Sometimes it can be useful to reduce this frequency by half:
•For motors with little power due to high inductivity.
•If suppressors (such as capacitors, chokes, etc.) disturb load control
but cannot be removed (e.g. some older Gützold® locos).
Delete bit 1 in CV 49 in order to set the PWM frequency from 40
KHz to about 20 kHz.
11.4. Dynamic Drive Control: Up and Down the Hill
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
Dynamic Drive Control of your LokPilot decoder enables you to
adapt load control, as you may desire. Full control over the entire
47
Motor Control
speed range (constant speed, if enough power is available) is not
always prototypical. Therefore you can set the degree to which
load control will be effective between 0 (no load control) and
100% (load compensation over the full range).
At low speeds it is advisable to have 100% load compensation
in order to prevent the locomotive form „getting stuck“ or from
„running away“ without any load. The impact of load control
should recede with increasing speed in order to have the full „unharnessed“ power of the motor available when the throttle is fully
open. Thus, the locomotive will respond to certain changes in the
main line such as gradients. The locomotive will run faster downhill and become slower climbing the hill.
The desired degree of load control influence is set in CV 56.
It is particularly meaningful to reduce the influence of load control
whenever you run consists. This allows for better driving properties of all locomotives in the consist.
11.5. Settings for the C-Sinus motor
LokPilot decoders with the 21MTC interface can drive the new
C-Sinus motors indirectly via the circuit board installed in the locomotive. The LokPilot can generate all necessary signals provided
you re-adjust certain settings:
Load compensation must be turned off as described in chapter
11.2.
The control electronics of the motor also need a switched logic
voltage provided by the LokPilot on output AUX4. AUX4 must
therefore be active while the locomotive is stopped and while it is
moving (in both directions!).
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
Make sure that CV 31 contains the value 16 and CV 32 the value
2.
CV
CV 266
CV 282
CV 298
CV 314
Value
32
32
32
32
Use the LokProgrammer alternatively in order to activate AUX4 for
the stationary locomotive and for the moving locomotive in both
directions as shown in figure 26.
Furthermore for certain models the serial interface (SUSI) must be
activated since the control electronics receive their commands via
this interface. Turn on SUSI by setting bit 3 in CV 124. Based on
the default value for CV 124 (20) you should now write 28 into
CV 124.
Unfortunately there is another hurdle to be taken: The C-Sinus
circuit board draws too much energy from the LokPilot decoder. If
you have activated RailCom or Märklin brake sections there may
be some erroneous behaviour. To rectify this connect a 470 μF
capacitor between U+ and the common of the decoder as shown
in chapter 6.10.2.
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
Write the values below into the respective CVs.
48
Figure 26: Settings for C-Sinus
Function outputs
12. Function outputs
12.1. Physical function outputs
LokPilot decoders have up to 6 physical function outputs. „Headlights“ and „Rearlights“ are used for lighting, the remaining ones
(AUX1 to AUX4) are freely available. Other functions include
„Shunting Mode“, „Acceleration / Deceleration On/Off“.
The function buttons („F buttons“) of your command station or
throttle activate the function outputs.
Generally, F0 is the lighting button, while we count the remaining
buttons from F1 upwards.
12.2. Allocation of function buttons (Function Mapping)
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
You can allocate the functions freely to any function button. ESU
uses the so-called and once more extended „Mapping“ for the
LokPilot V4.0 decoder. It has the advantage that you can link each
output to any button. Furthermore, the allocation can vary between forward and reverse as well. It is also possible to switch
several functions simultaneously. Unfortunately this kind of flexibility requires a large amount of CVs. The solution of this problem
is called “Index CV access”.
12.2.1. Index CV access
The CVs ranging from 257 – 511 are “indexed”. This means that
the meaning of any of these CVs can change depending on the
value of the so-called “Index register”.
If you change the value of the index register, the meaning and the
value of the CV itself will be also changed. This method allows
to use every CV between 257–511 several times and solves the
problem regarding CV shortage.
CV 31 and CV 32, which are also so-called “index register”, determines the meaning of CV 257–511 as well. If you change both
the CVs 31 and 32, you simultaneously change the meaning and
the values of CV 257–511.
The meaning of all other CVs (1–256) is not influenced by the
value of the index register.
So should you ever change any of the CVs located in the range
of 257, please make sure first that the index registers CV31 and
CV32 have the indicated values.
At this state, CV 31 must always have value 16. CV 32 may have
the values 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4.
12.2.2. Function Mapping chart
The LokPilot V4.0 decoder offers powerful and flexible function
mapping options:
•Each function button can switch as many outputs as desired.
•Each output can be activated by several function buttons.
•Function buttons can be linked (e.g.: F3 AND F5 pressed simultaneously).
•Function buttons can be inverted (e.g.: NOT when F8 is on).
•Besides the buttons F0 to F28 you can also incorporate the direction of travel or the speed (locomotive is moving / has stopped).
•You may connect as many as 5 external sensors.
While many model train enthusiasts need precisely these functions
for optimal running of all their locomotives setting up function
mapping represents so to speak the “free style” version of decoder programming. Take your time to understand the concept
behind it before you start changing any settings.
49
Function outputs
Physical
outputs
CV A
CV B
CV C
CV D
CV E
CV F
CV G
CV H
CV I
CV K
CV L
CV M
CV N
CV O
Virtual
functions
CV 32
Logic outputs
Mapping
line
Conditions block (input block)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
257
273
289
305
321
337
353
369
385
401
417
433
449
465
481
497
257
273
289
305
321
337
353
369
385
401
417
433
449
465
481
497
258
274
290
306
322
338
354
370
386
402
418
434
450
466
482
498
258
274
290
306
322
338
354
370
386
402
418
434
450
466
482
498
259
275
291
307
323
339
355
371
387
403
419
435
451
467
483
499
259
275
291
307
323
339
355
371
387
403
419
435
451
467
483
499
260
276
292
308
324
340
356
372
388
404
420
436
452
468
484
500
260
276
292
308
324
340
356
372
388
404
420
436
452
468
484
500
261
277
293
309
325
341
357
373
389
405
421
437
453
469
485
501
261
277
293
309
325
341
357
373
389
405
421
437
453
469
485
501
262
278
294
310
326
342
358
374
390
406
422
438
454
470
486
502
262
278
294
310
326
342
358
374
390
406
422
438
454
470
486
502
263
279
295
311
327
343
359
375
391
407
423
439
455
471
487
503
263
279
295
311
327
343
359
375
391
407
423
439
455
471
487
503
264
280
296
312
328
344
360
376
392
408
424
440
456
472
488
504
264
280
296
312
328
344
360
376
392
408
424
440
456
472
488
504
265
281
297
313
329
345
361
377
393
409
425
441
457
473
489
505
265
281
297
313
329
345
361
377
393
409
425
441
457
473
489
505
266
282
298
314
330
346
362
378
394
410
426
442
458
474
490
506
266
282
298
314
330
346
362
378
394
410
426
442
458
474
490
506
267
283
299
315
331
347
363
379
395
411
427
443
459
475
491
507
267
283
299
315
331
347
363
379
395
411
427
443
459
475
491
507
268
284
300
316
332
348
364
380
396
412
428
444
460
476
492
508
268
284
300
316
332
348
364
380
396
412
428
444
460
476
492
508
269
285
301
317
333
349
365
381
397
413
429
445
461
477
493
509
269
285
301
317
333
349
365
381
397
413
429
445
461
477
493
509
270
286
302
318
334
350
366
382
398
414
430
446
462
478
494
510
270
286
302
318
334
350
366
382
398
414
430
446
462
478
494
510
50
Function outputs
All desired actions to be carried out by the decoder are saved in
an internal table. Let´s first have a look at the principal structure
as it is shown in the chart on the next page. Two main groups
can be seen:
•The input block (conditions block) shows which condition is required to achieve a certain output. Conditions are for instance “F3
On” or “Locomotive is stationary with direction set to forward,
and F8 is switched on”.
•In the output block it is shown what action must be carried out
when the condition(s) is/are met. This could be, for instance,
switching a function output.
The table always has 32 entries, the so called “mapping rows”.
The decoder works continuously through this table from top to
bottom (row 1 to 32) and checks for each mapping row if the
conditions set in the input block are met. ONLY THEN the decoder
looks at the desired activities in the output block and carries them
out. After that it jumps to the next row and once it has reached
the bottom row it starts from the top again. This occurs several
100 times per second.
The conditions of each block are stored in CVs. There are 9 CVs
per mapping row reserved for the input block and 5 CVs for the
output block. The respective CVs responsible for each mapping
row are listed in the table. These CVs are numbered from “A” to
“N” and are called control CVs.
Since all CVs are within the index area the appropriate value for
CV 32 is also listed. Prior to changing any CVs you should ascertain
that the index CV 31 is set to 16 and CV32 to the value shown
in the table.
12.2.2.1. Conditions block
Each condition block of each mapping row consists of 9 control
CVs. Each CV defines four conditions.
Name
Control CV A
Control CV B
Control CV C
Control CV D
Description
Loco drives
Loco stops
Direction is forward
Direction is backward
Key F0 is On
Key F0 is Off
Key F1 is On
Key F1 is Off
Key F2 is On
Key F2 is Off
Key F3 is On
Key F3 is Off
Key F4 is On
Key F4 is Off
Key F5 is On
Key F5 is Off
Key F6 is On
Key F6 is Off
Key F7 is On
Key F7 is Off
Key F8 is On
Key F8 is Off
Key F9 is On
Key F9 is Off
Key F10 is On
Key F10 is Off
Key F11 is On
Key F11 is Off
Key F12 is On
Key F12 is Off
Key F13 is On
Key F13 is Off
Value
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
51
Function outputs
Control CV E
Control CV F
Control CV G
Control CV H
52
Key F14 is On
Key F14 is Off
Key F15 is On
Key F15 is Off
Key F16 is On
Key F16 is Off
Key F17 is On
Key F17 is Off
Key F18 is On
Key F18 is Off
Key F19 is On
Key F19 is Off
Key F20 is On
Key F20 is Off
Key F21 is On
Key F21 is Off
Key F22 is On
Key F22 is Off
Key F23 is On
Key F23 is Off
Key F24 is On
Key F24 is Off
Key F25 is On
Key F25 is Off
Key F26 is On
Key F26 is Off
Key F27 is On
Key F27 is Off
Key F28 is On
Key F28 is Off
Wheel sensor is On
Wheel sensor is Off
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
Control CV I
Sensor 1 is On
Sensor 1 is Off
Sensor 2 is On
Sensor 2 is Off
Sensor 3 is On
Sensor 3 is Off
Sensor 4 is On
Sensor 4 is Off
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
The value to be written into each control CV is easily established:
simply add the values of the desired conditions.
Example: You want F0 to be switched on while the locomotive is
stationary and set to direction forward and while F4 is switched
off. Therefore you write the value 4 + 16 = 20 into the control CV
A and the value 32 into the control CV B. All other CVs remain on
0. Thus these conditions are ignored. The previous table shows
into which CVs you have to write the values.
The input block for the first mapping row lies between CV 257
(control CV A) and CV 265 (control CV I).
LokPilot V4.0 decoders support 5 sensor inputs. The wheel sensor,
though, is only available on LokPilot V4.0 and LokPilot V4.0 M4.
In addition to the inputs mentioned before sensor inputs 1 and 2
are available on LokPilot XL V4.0. Physically there are no sensors
on LokPilot micro V4.0. Nevertheless you can use them in mapping
because these sensors could be on add-on circuit boards (e.g.: as is
the case in the locomotives of the ESU Engineering Edition).
12.2.2.2. Physical function outputs
Physical function outputs are outputs that are actually built into
the decoder where you can connect “real” loads by means of
wires. Up to 8 outputs are conceivable.
The decoders are equipped as follows:
Function outputs
Output
LokPilot
21MTC
LokPilot LokPilot micro
LokPilot XL
PluX22 V40 (DCC)
Head light
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Rear light
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
AUX1
Ok
Ok
Logic
Ok
AUX2
Ok
Ok
Logic
Ok
AUX3
Logic
Ok
-
Ok
AUX4
Logic
Ok
-
Ok
AUX5
-
-
Ok
AUX6
-
-
Ok
AUX7
-
-
Servo
AUX8
-
-
Servo
AUX9
-
-
Servo
AUX10
-
-
Servo
Nevertheless you can map all outputs since additional outputs
could be installed on separate circuit boards (e.g.: ESU I/O expansion circuit board). They are fully integrated into the function
mapping.
The block for the physical outputs of each mapping row covers
two CVs. The meaning of those CVs is as follows:
Name
Control CV K
Description
Output Head light On [Conf. 1]
Output Rear light On [Conf. 1]
Output AUX1 On [Conf. 1.]
Output AUX2 On [Conf. 1.]
Output AUX3 On
Output AUX4 On
Output AUX5 On
Output AUX6 On
Value
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
Name
Control CV L
Description
Output AUX7 On
Output AUX8 On
Output AUX9 On
Output AUX10 On
Output Head light On [Conf. 2]
Output Rear light On [Conf. 2]
Output AUX1 On [Conf. 2.]
Output AUX2 On [Conf. 2.]
Value
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
You must add the value for the control CV for each output you
want to switch. Into which CV exactly you must write a value you
can find in the overview table on page 42. For mapping row 1
they are, for instance, CVs 266 (control CV K) and CV 267 (control
CV L).
The lighting outputs front and rear as well as the outputs AUX1
and AUX2 are duplicated. These outputs can be configured twice
(configuration [1] and configuration [2]). Thus you can determine
by pressing the appropriate function button which of the two possible configurations should be active. This enables you, for example, to set up upper beam and lower beam headlights (bright and
dim). Please refer to chapter 12.3. for more information.
12.2.2.3. Logical outputs
Under the heading logical outputs we have compiled all functions
that either directly or indirectly “dynamically” influence the behaviour of the decoder. Often these functions are only effective in
conjunction with other settings.
The following functions are envisaged:
•Switching off acceleration and braking deceleration delay.
•Shunting mode: the locomotive moves at half speed.
•Dynamic brakes: braking times are doubled.
•Smoke generator: Clocked smoke generators (ESU, KM-1®,
Kiss®) are switched on.
•Shift mode: Sets the global status “Shift” mode. This may be
employed by some sound projects in order to play certain sounds.
53
Function outputs
In addition there are three functions which influence the functionality of physical function outputs. They work together with
various lighting effects of the physical outputs. You find more info
in chapter 12.3.
•Fire box: if set, an LED simulating the fire box varies the brightness.
•Dimmer: if set, all outputs are dimmed to about 60% darker provided the outputs have been set to “Dimming down”.
•Grade crossing: sets the grade crossing function for the appropriately configured outputs for American models.
As is the case with the physical outputs the logical outputs are also
represented by two CVs in the mapping row. The arrangement
within the CVs is as follows:
Name
Control CV M
Control CV N
54
Description
Switching off acceleration and braking
deceleration
Shunting mode
Dynamic brakes
Fire box
Dimmer (low beam headlights)
Grade crossing
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Value
1
Reserved
2
Reserved
4
Reserved
8
Reserved
16
Reserved
32
Reserved
64
Shift mode
128
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
1
You must add the value for the control CV for each output you
wish to switch. Into which CVs exactly you must write these values you can find in the overview table on page 42. For mapping
row 1 they are, for instance, CVs 268 (control CV M) and CV 269
(control CV N).
12.2.2.4. „Virtual driving sound”
If desired, the LokPilot V4.0 is able to delay the start of the loco:
the loco will just start driving when the time set in CV 252 (resolution: 65ms) has run out. This serves the synchronisation of locos
equipped with LokSound decoders and run with advanced consisting.
However, the delay should only be active when the sound function
of the LokSound decoder is enabled. This is what the „Virtual driving sound” is for: Just map this fuction to a key of your choice to
switch the sound (and thus the delay) virtually on and off.
Name
Control CV O
Description
Value
Soundslot 1 („Virtual driving sound”) 1
12.2.3. Standard mapping LokPilot V4.0 / micro Decoder
Both decoders - LokPilot V4.0 and LokPilot micro V4.0 – have identical function mapping.
Function outputs
Line
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
Conditions
block
FS, fwd
FS, rev
FF, fwd
FF, rev
F0, fwd
F0, rev
F1, fwd
F1, rev
F2, fwd
F2, rev
F3, fwd
F3, rev
F4, fwd
F4, rev
F5, fwd
F5, rev
F6, fwd
F6, rev
F7, fwd
F7, rev
F8, fwd
F8, rev
F9, fwd
F9, rev
F10, fwd
F10, rev
F11, fwd
F11, rev
F12, fwd
F12, rev
F13, fwd
F13, rev
Description
Stand, Forward
Stand, Backward
Fahrt, Forward
Fahrt, Backward
Light Key, Forward
Light Key, Backward
Key F1, Forward
Key F1, Backward
Key F2, Forward
Key F2, Backward
Key F3, Forward
Key F3, Backward
Key F4, Forward
Key F4, Backward
Key F5, Forward
Key F5, Backward
Key F6, Forward
Key F6, Backward
Key F7, Forward
Key F7, Backward
Key F8, Forward
Key F8, Backward
Key F9, Forward
Key F9, Backward
Key F10, Forward
Key F10, Backward
Key F11, Forward
Key F11, Backward
Key F12, Forward
Key F12, Backward
Key F13, Forward
Key F13, Backward
Physical
outputs
Logic function
Head light
Rear light
AUX1[1]
AUX1[1]
AUX2[1]
AUX2[1]
Shunting mode
Shunting mode
Acceleration
Acceleration
Standard mapping
LokPilot V4.0 (micro)
12.2.3.1 Example
Example: Switching AUX3 with F8. Assuming you have a LokPilot
V4.0 decoder and you want to switch AUX 3 with the button F8
subject to direction of travel. With the help of the ESU adapter
board 51968 you added a light bulb to AUX 3.
A glance at the table “Standard mapping LokPilot V4.0” on page
55 shows that nothing has to be changed in the input block. F8
has already been entered in mapping row 14.
As per the table in chapter 12.2.2.2., we must set the first CV
of the block to 16 in order to activate AUX3. From the overview
table on page 42 we determine that this must be CV 474 (Index
2). Therefore we first must set CV 32 to value 2 and then CV 474
to the value of 16.
For this example to work the AUX3 output must also be switched
on. This is explained in chapter 12.3.
12.2.4. Allocation of function keys with the LokProgrammer
Figure 27: Screenshot LokProgrammer, Function mapping
55
Function outputs
Lighting effects
Mode
Select
Switching-on/-off
delay
Automatic
Switch-off
Function parameters
Value
Dimmable light
1
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Dimmable headlight “fade in/out”
2
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Firebox
3
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Intelligent firebox
4
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Single Strobe
5
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Double Strobe
6
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Rotary Beacon
7
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Prime Stratolight
8
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Ditch Light Type 1
9
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Ditch Light Type 2
10
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Oscillator
11
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Blinking light
12
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Mars Light
13
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Gyra Light
14
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
FRED
15
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Fluorescent lamp
16
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Energy saving lamp
17
0 – 255
0 – 255
Brightness
0 – 31
Fan control
23
0 – 255
0 – 255
Fan speed
0 – 31
Seuthe® smoke generator
24
0 – 255
0 – 255
Heating level during stop
0 – 31
Conventional coupler function
28
0 – 255
0 – 255
Coupling power
0 – 31
ROCO® coupler function (**)
29
0 – 255
0 – 255
Panto (***)
30
0 – 255
0 – 255
End position panto
0 – 15
Servo coupler function
31
0 – 255
0 – 255
Running time
0 – 63
(**) Only for LokPilot V4.0, LokPilot micro V4.0, LokPilot V4.0 M4, only AUX1 to AUX2
(***) Only available for locomotives of the ESU Engineering Edition, only AUX9 and AUX10
Figure 28: Light effects for function outputs and the according special functions
56
Function outputs
Special function CV 1
Change phase
Grade XING Rule 17 Fw
Rule 17 Rev Dimmer
LED Mode
4
8
16
128
4
8
16
128
Spezial function CV 2
128
128
1
2
128
1
2
128
1
2
128
1
2
128
1
2
128
1
2
128
1
2
128
1
2
1
2
128
1
2
128
1
2
128
Starting time (0 – 255)
Starting time (0 – 255)
Acceleration time (0 – 31)
Deceleration time (0 – 31)
Heating level on speed step 1 (0 – 31)
Heating level on Vmax (0 – 31)
End position „A“ (0 – 63)
End position „B“ (0 – 63)
57
Function outputs
Although programming the function outputs with the aid of an
ESU ECoS respectively with any other DCC compliant command
station is possible this procedure can be handled far easier with
the ESU LokProgrammer and a PC. Its graphic interface simplifies
the assignment of functions considerably. We recommend using
the software version 4.3.x. in order to be able to utilise all potential options.
12.3. Special Effects on function outputs
12.3.1. Switching on outputs and different options
Each function output can / must be unlocked prior to using it.
Furthermore each output can be set to a certain effect and can
be combined with the global function “Grade crossing”, “Dimmer” and “Fire box”. Effects are divided into lighting effects and
special effects.
The following lighting effects are available:
•Dimmable light: A normal continuous output. The brightness will
be reduced to about 50% if the dimmer function is on.
•Dimmable headlight with “fade in/out”: Here the output is
switched on slowly and immitates the slow glowing of oil lamps or
very old light bulbs. The brightness will be reduced to about 50%
if the dimmer function is on.
•Firebox: Simulates a normal fire box lighting effect.
•Intelligent firebox: Simulates an “intelligent” fire box lighting effect, whose itensity changes relating to the driving conditions.
•Single Strobe: This is a single strobe light (short flashing) output.
The frequency can be adjusted.
•Double Strobe: This will result in two short flashes. The frequency
can be adjusted.
•Rotary Beacon: This effect should simulate a revolving reflector
and bulb assignment of a very popular warning beacon atop many
diesels of the 60’s and 70’s.
•Prime Stratolight: This is the more modern version of the Rotary
beacon.
58
•Ditch Light Type 1: The ditch light type 1 will revert to a steady On
state when it is not flashing.
•Ditch Light Type 2: The ditch light type 2 will revert to Off state
when it is not flashing.
•Oscillator: A warning signal required in the USA.
•Flashing light: This is the “classical” flashing light. The frequency
can be adjusted.
•Mars Light: This effect simulates the sweeping pattern of this wellknown warning beacon in the USA.
•Gyra Light: The Gyra Light is similar to the Mars Light, but is slower
in motion.
•FRED: „Flashing End of Train Device“: simulates the flashing red
light indicating the end of a train in America.
•Fluorescent lamp: simulates the typical starting characteristics of
a fluorescent lamp.
•Energy saving lamp: simulates the typical starting of modern energy saving lamps.
The following special functions are available:
•Fan control: here a small electric motor is slowly run up to high
revs and then back down again. This is often used for fan motors
that continue to run for a while.
•Seuthe® smoke generator: the intensity is reduced whenever the
locomotive is stationary.
•Conventional coupler function: You can use this function to control Krois® couplers, also in connection with automatic pushing/
removing.
•ROCO® coupler function: You can use this function to control
ROCO® couplers, also in connection with automatic pushing/
removing.
•Panto: this function is needed for ESU locomotives with functional
pantographs.
•Servo coupler function: this is for using a servo for un-coupling
and simultaneous pushing against the train and subsequent moving away.
Function outputs
12.3.2. Adjusting effects desired
The LokPilot V4.0 provides 6 CVs for each physical output, which
defines their behaviour.
The chart down below shows the spots which define the behaviour of the CVs´ function outputs.
•Mode Select: Defines the effect you want to have for the output.
•Switch-on and switch-off delay: Defines the time by which switchon and switch-off is delayed.
•Automatic switch off: Time after which the output is automatically turned off.
•Brightness: Defines the brightness of each individual function output in 32 steps (0 to 31).
•Special functions CV 1, CV 2: Defines some further modes for
each special effect. Have a look at the chart figure 29 to see how
this works.
Function output
Head light (Config. 1)
Rear light (Config. 1)
AUX1 Config. 1
AUX2 Config. 2
AUX3
AUX4
AUX5
AUX6
AUX7
AUX8
AUX9
AUX10
Head light (Config. 2)
Rear light (Config. 2)
AUX1 (Config. 2)
AUX2 (Config. 2)
Mode Select CV
259
267
275
283
291
299
307
315
323
331
339
347
355
363
371
379
The „special function CV 1” needs to be explained in more detail.
The special functions are additional functions you could add to
each output.
•Phase Select: Alters the timing of the effect so that it is 180 degree
out of phase with other effects. This allows you to create alternate
blinking.
•Grade Crossing: Causes the lighting effect to become active only
when the global flag “Grade crossing enable” is set AND the corresponding function key is ON. Grade crossing logic can be used
with any of the light effects. Grade Crossing can be used with
most of the lighting effects.
•Rule 17 Reverse: Like Rule 17 Forward, but the brightness will be
increased to a 100% when the locomotive drives backwards.
Switching-on/-off Automatic
delay
switch off
260
261
268
269
276
277
284
285
292
293
300
301
308
309
316
317
324
325
332
333
340
341
348
349
356
357
364
365
372
373
380
381
Figure 29: LED mode
Brightness CV
262
270
278
286
294
302
310
318
326
334
342
350
358
366
374
382
Special Function
CV 1
263
271
279
287
295
303
311
319
327
335
343
351
359
367
375
383
Special Function
CV 2
264
273
280
288
296
304
312
320
328
336
344
352
360
368
376
384
59
Function outputs
•Rule 17 Forward: Applicable only if the output is set to either
“Dimmable headlight” or “Dimmable headlight with fade in /
out”. Causes the effect to be dimmed to around 60% of the set
brightness, if the locomotive is stopped. When the engine is running forward, the output will be increased to a 100%.
•Dimmer: Causes the output to be dimmed to around 60% of the
defined brightness, if the global flag “Dimmer” is set. With this
function you are able to realise a full beam very easily by setting
the the global function “Dimmer” with a function key (compare
chapter 12.2.2.2).
•LED mode: The light outputs are pre-set to be used with incandescent bulbs. If you wire LEDs on the output, you should set this
option in order to let the decoder know about it. The light effects
will be accordingly adjusted, so that the result will look more realistic again.
Please set index register CV 31 to 16 and CV 32 to 0 before changing any of the CVs. Please note that there are two complete sets of output configurations for the headlights (light forward, backup light) and AUX1
and AUX2. This enables you to program some special effects in
conjunction with the function mapping.
In order to set each output, you should proceed as follows:
1. From the chart fig. 28 on the previous page, select the value for
the Mode Select CV.
2. We find out that for LED compensation mode, we should set
the Special function CV to 128.
3. We want to have a brightness level of 25.
4. Using the table on the left side, we find that the Mode Select
CV for AUX4 is 299. We set CV 299 = 6. We also find that the
brightness CV is 302 and set it to 25. Finally, the Special function CV for AUX4 is 303 and needs to be set to 128.
12.3.3. Grade Crossing holding time
You can define the for time the global grade crossing function as
you like. By doing so, the “Grade Crossing” will remain active, also
after switching off the function key. This will create a very interesting game effect. The desired value will be stored in CV 132. The
value of CV 132 multiplied with 0.065 seconds defines the time.
The default value 80 results in 5.2 seconds.
12.3.4. Flash rate
2. Compute the value for the Special Function CV 1 by adding the
desired values you can find in the chart.
You can also set the flash rate for all lighting effects globally. All
effects will flash or strobe at the same rate. The desired value
should be stored in CV 112. The value of CV 112 multiplied with
0.065536 seconds (65,536ms) defines the flash rate. The default
value 30 results in 1.97 seconds.
3. Define the value for the desired brightness.
12.3.5. Automatic Switch-off
4. Write the values into the CV corresponding to the appropriate
function output.
Repeat these steps for all 6 function outputs you want to configure.
Example: Double Strobe with LEDs on AUX4 for a LokPilot V4.0
decoder.
60
We want to set up AUX4 to create a Double strobe output. We
want to use an LED.
1. Using table 28, we find that the Mode Selection CV must be
set to 6.
Each output usually switches off when the corresponding key is
deactivated. However, sometimes the output has to be “forced”
to switch off after a certain period of time to aviod damages.
Digital couplers by ROCO® e.g. cannot handle permanent control.
Via the automatic switch-off function you are able to determine
for every output when it should be switched off automatically - no
matter if the function key is still activated.
Just write the time, after which the output should be switched
Function outputs
off, into the corresponding CV according to the above-mentioned
table. The unit is 0.4 seconds. The default value „0“ deactivates
this function.
12.3.6. Switch-on and switch-off delay
You can set switch-on and switch-off delays for each output separately.
The switch-on delay causes the function to switch on only after
the predetermined time has lapsed.
The switch-off delay causes the function to be turned off only
after the predetermined time has elapsed.
Both time periods can be individually set in steps from 0 – 15 and
are then written into their common control CV:
Description
Range
of
Time in seconds
values
Bits within
the control
CV
Switch-on delay
0-15
0-6,144 seconds
0-3
Switch-off delay
0-15
0-6,144 seconds
4-7
The value to be written into the control CV is established as follows:
Switch-off delay * 16 + switch-on delay
Example: the switch-on delay for AUX3 should be = 13; switch-off
delay equals 8, thus 8 * 16 + 13 = 141 must be written into the
Control CV 292.
12.3.7. Digital couplers
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
12.3.7.1. „Coupler“ mode
Krois® and ROCO® couplers need a special high frequency PWM
signal to avoid burning the copper windings of the coil. This special function „Coupler“ provides this type of signal. In this mode,
the output switches on at 100% for 250 ms and then reduces the
output power by switching to the PWM-signal.
The ratio between Off and On time can be set by adjusting the
„Brightness Value“ from 0 (completely off) to 31 (connected
through = 100% output).
This coupler mode should also be used for modern Telex®couplers.
12.3.7.2. Automatic Coupler Function (Removing/Pushing)
The LokPilot V4.0 decoder is able to do the automatic decoupling.
When you push the function button the loco drives backwards
against the train and then removes from it again. This procedure
can be influenced via three CVs.
In CV 246 the speed that moves the loco will be stored (or defined)
(0-255). If this value is 0, the automatic coupler function is not
active.
In CV 247 the time of removing is to be entered.
In CV 248 the time of pushing is to be entered.
The time of removing should be higher than the time of pushing
to make sure that the loco stops in a safe distance away from the
train.
The function output of the option „coupler“ needs to be configurated correctly to make the automatic decoupling work.
12.3.8. Servo settings
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
Some LokSound decoders can directly control digital couplers.
Subject to the type of coupler, you must adjust certain settings.
LokPilot XL V4.0
61
Function outputs
You can connect 4 servos to the LokPilot XL V4.0, namely in parallel to AUX7 through AUX10. If you configure these outputs
to “Servo” then you should not use the corresponding physical
switching output at the terminal strip since it will be continuously
set to 100% and cannot be dimmed.
As one can see in the table Fig. 29 one must enter the desired
period as a multiple of 0.25 seconds into the “Brightness CV”.
Enter the end position “A” into the “Special function CV 1” and
the end position “B” into the “Special function VC 2”.
12.3.8.1. Servo with coupler function
One can also realise an automatic coupler function with a servo.
When you set the servo to the coupler mode called “Coupler function with servo” you can adjust the servo running time and the
end positions as described above. Furthermore CV 246, CV 247
and CV 248 are active as described in chapter 12.3.7.2.
12.4. Analogue settings
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
With the CVs 13 and 14, you can predetermine which function
buttons should be switched in analogue mode. Thus, you „simulate“ pressing an F button. The ex works default settings switch
on the directional headlights (F0 is on!) as well as F1 (ex works
allocated to AUX1).
Analogue Function Control 1
CV #
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
13
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
Analogue Function Control 2
CV #
14
F0(f)
F0(r)
F9
F10
F11
F12
1
2
4
8
16
32
12.5. LGB® Pulse Sequence Mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
It is possible to switch to pulse sequence mode for operations with
the LGB® command station and the Roco® Lokmaus I. To do so,
set bit 5 in CV 49. From now on decoder counts the number of
times the F1 button is pressed in order to activate the desired function. Thus, it is possible to reach all function buttons by repeated
pushing of the F1 button.
62
Decoder Reset
13. Decoder Reset
12.6. Swiss Head Light Mode
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot V4.0 M4
You can reset decoder to the default settings at any time.
13.1. With DCC Systems or 6020/6021
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
Function mapping enables you to set many different configurations. The Swiss headlight mode is a good example. We need a
third lighting circuit that switches the left lower headlight of the
„A“- headlight configuration whenever the lights are turned on.
This third circuit must work independently form the direction of
travel.
Figure 30 shows one option of how to wire this arrangement with
AUX1 (green wire) being used for the third circuit. All you have
to do now is to program the decoder in such a way that it always
switches on that third circuit when the lighting function is active.
In order to do so enter value 5 in CV 330 and value 6 in CV 346.
(Don´t forget to firstly set the index register CV 31 to value 16 and
CV 32 to value 2!). That´s it!
Rear light bulbs
Enter the value 08 in CV 08.
13.2. With Märklin® systems (mfx® decoders)
Mfx® decoders can be reset to factory default values with the
Central Station® or the Mobile Station® via the reset command
in the locomotive menu.
13.3. With the ESU LokProgrammer
(From software 2.7.3.): In the menu „Programmer“, select option
„Reset decoder“ and follow the instructions on the screen.
Head light bulbs
yellow
white
green
= Light on
= Light off
Figure 30: Swiss Head Light Mode
63
Special Functions & RailCom®
14. Special Functions
15. RailCom®
You may not yet be aware of some other highly specialised functions offered by LokPilot decoders.
LokPilot V4.0
LokPilot V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro V4.0
LokPilot micro V4.0 DCC
14.1. Directional Bit
The directional bit determines the driving behaviour when transiting from an analogue into a digital sector (also refer to chapter
10.4.3.). If you want to set this directional bit, then bit 0 in CV
124 must be set.
14.2. Saving the status of functions
LokPilot decoders can store the current operational settings. Thus
the decoder continues running the locomotive as before after a
power interruption, if so desired.
The following data can be stored:
Status of functions:
Stores the information regarding which functions were switched
on or off and switches them accordingly once power is restored.
Current speed:
If it is stored then the locomotive will continue at this speed after
a power interruption disregarding what the command station may
transmit.
CV 122 is responsible for this. Storing of the status of functions is
turned on with bit 0, speed with bit 1.
64
LokPilot V4.0 M4
LokPilot XL V4.0
LokPilot Fx V4.0
RailCom® was developed by Lenz® Elektronik, Giessen, Germany,
and is a technology for transmitting information from the decoder
back to the command station. Until now DCC systems could only
transmit data from the command station to the decoder but could
never be sure if the decoder actually received the commands.
The locomotive can send the following information to the command station:
Locomotive address: The decoder transmits its address on request
by „Broadcast“. Detectors in a certain track sector can detect this
command. Thus, the command station can find out the location
of that particular locomotive.
CV information: The decoder can provide feedback about all CV
values to the command station per RailCom®. In future, a programming track will not be necessary any more.
Meta data: The decoder can transmit status information such as
motor load, current draw of the motor, temperature etc. to the
command station.
In order for RailCom® to work all decoders and the command
station must be equipped accordingly. LokPilot decoders are
RailCom®-ready in terms of their hardware. However, it may be
necessary to carry out a firmware update in order to activate it.
Prior to use RailCom® must be unlocked by setting bit 3 in CV 29.
CV 28 offers further options. Ex works, RailCom® is active in ESU
LokPilot V4.0 decoders.
Firmware Update & Accessories
15.1. RailComPlus®
LokPilot V4.0 decoders support RailComPlus®, an absolute world
novelty developed by Lenz® in collaboration with ESU.
Decoders equipped with RailComPlus® will be automatically recognised by a RailComPlus®-compatible command station.You will
never ever have to change the locomotive address of a new locomotive by hand! Just put the locomotive on the tracks and it will
be recognised automatically.
Also the name of the locomotive, the functional key symbols as
well as the kind of the functions (long-term function and moment
function) will be transferred. And all that happens within less seconds, you don´t have to wait anymore!
15.1.1. Prerequisites for RailComPlus®
RailComPlus® implies an accordingly equipped digital command
station. The ESU ECoS command station supports RailComPlus®capable decoders from software 3.4. You don´t need to change
anything about the decoder settings. It will be automatically recognised.
Of course you can change the locomotive name, all functional key
and locomotive symbols and after that write it back on your decoder. This happens automatically in the background.
If you do not wish to have the automatic recognition, you can
switch it off by deleting CV 28, bit 7.
16. Firmware Update
You can update LokPilot decoders with new operating software
(so-called firmware) at any time. This is useful for fixing bugs and
implementing new functions.
You can carry out the update yourself for free without having to
remove the decoder from the locomotive. All you need is the ESU
LokProgrammer. The software of the LokProgrammer will keep
your LokPilot decoder up-to-date. A separate download is therefore not necessary.
Updates which are carried out by our service department will not
be treated as a case of warranty. This service will be charged.
17. Accessories
You will get detailed information regarding accessories at your
dealer or on our website.
17.1. Change over skis
The circuit board 51966 for switching the centre pick-up only for
the decoder with the 21MTC interface is intended for vehicles
with two pick-ups. Thus, you can activate the forward pick-up in
the direction of movement. This is ideal for block control!
17.2. HAMO magnets
One cannot drive the universal motors in many Märklin® models directly with a LokPilot decoder. Firstly, you must replace the
stator coil with a permanent magnet. ESU supplies the following
magnets:
51960
51961
51962
51965
Permanent magnet as 220560, for rotor 217450,
D=24.5mm, for motor plate 216730, 211990, 228500
Permanent magnet as 220450, for rotor 200680,
D=18.0mm, for motor plate 204900
Permanent magnet as 235690, for rotor 231440,
D=19.1mm, for motor plate 231350
Permanent magnet for Märklin® 3015, ET800, ST800,
Gauge 1, all-current motors
65
Support & Assistance
17.3. Wire harnesses with 8-pole or 6-pole socket
If the locomotive you want to convert does not have an interface
and you do not want to remove the plug from the decoder then
you can use the harness 51950 or 51951: First install the suitable
harness and then plug in the decoder.
17.4. Mounting adapter 21MTC
If you wish to convert a locomotive with a LokPilot decoder with
the 21MTC interface, the adapter plate 51967 comes in handy: it
has a socket for plugging in the LokPilot but also has solder points
for connecting the original wiring of the locomotive. This is ideal
for converting Märklin® locomotives.
With article no. 51968 we offer an adapter board which amplifies
both the outputs AUX3 and AUX4 through a transistor and are
therefore accessable. Ideal for complex conversions!
18. Support and Assistance
Your model train dealer or hobby shop is your competent partner
for all questions regarding your LokSound decoder. In fact he is
your competent partner for all questions around model trains.
There are many ways to get in touch with us. For enquiries please
use either email, fax (please provide your fax-no. or email address) or
go to www.esu.eu/en/forum and we will reply within a few days.
Please call our hotline only in case of complex enquiries that
can’t be dealt with by email or fax. The hotline is often very busy
and you may encounter delays. Rather send an email or fax and
also check our website for more information. You will find many
hints under “Support / FAQ” and even feedback from other users that may help you with your particular question.
Of course we will always assist you; please contact us at:
USA & Canada (English support), please contact:
Phone:
+1 (570) 649-5048
Tuesday & Thursday 9:00am - 3:00pm (CT)
Fax:
+1 (866) 591-6440
Email:
support@loksound.com
Mail:
ESU LLC
477 Knopp Drive
US-PA-17756 Muncy
Germany and all other countries, please contact:
Fax:
++49 (0) 731 - 1 84 78 - 299
Email:
www.esu.eu/en/forum
Mail:
ESU GmbH & Co. KG
- Technical support Edisonallee 29
D-89231 Neu-Ulm
www.esu.eu
66
19. Technical data
LokPilot
V4.0
LokPilot
V4.0 DCC
LokPilot micro LokPilot micro LokPilot XL
V4.0
V4.0 DCC
V4.0
LokPilot
V4.0 M4
LokPilot Fx
V4.0
Operation Voltage
DCC operation using 14/28/128 speed
steps, 2-digit and 4-digit addresses; automatic recognition of operational mode
Motorola®, with 14/28 speed steps, address range for Motorola®-mode
M4-operation with automatic recognition
5 – 40V
Ok
5 – 27V
Ok
5 – 21V
Ok
5 – 21V
Ok
5 – 40V
Ok
5 – 40V
Ok
5 – 40V
Ok
Ok
255
-
-
Ok
255
-
-
Ok
255
Ok
Ok
255
Ok
Ok
255
-
Selectrix® operation
Ok
-
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
Analog DC Operation
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Analog AC Operation
Ok
-
-
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
DCC programming
Ok
Motorola®-Programming mode using 6021, Ok
Mobile Station or Central Station possible
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Mfx® programming procedure
-
-
-
-
Ok
Ok
-
Märklin® brake section
Ok
-
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
Brake on DC, Roco® brake section
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Selectrix® brake mode (with diodes)
Ok
-
Ok
-
Ok
Ok
Ok
Lenz® ABC brake mode
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Shunting mode/Starting brake time switchable Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
RailComPlus®
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Continuous motor load
1,1A
5th generation back-EMF control, overload 20/40 kHz
protected
1,1A
20/40 kHz
0,75A
20/40 kHz
0,75A
20/40kHz
4,0A
20/40kHz
1,1A
20/40 kHz
-
Function outputs
Total load of all function outputs
4/250 mA
280mA
4/250mA
500mA
2/150mA
280mA
2/150mA
280mA
8/250mA
500mA
4/250 mA
280mA
6/250 mA
280mA
Supported function keys
F0 - F28
F0 - F28
F0 - F28
F0 - F28
F0-F28
F0 - F28
F0 - F28
Integrated PowerPack backup capacitor
-
-
-
-
Ok
-
-
PowerPack optional
Dimensions in mm:
Ok
Ok
21,3x15,5x5,5 21,3x15,5x5,5 10,5x8,1x2,8
Next18:
15,0x9,5x2,8
10,5x8,1x2,8
Next18:
15,0x9,5x2,8
55,0x25,0x10
Ok
21,3x15,5x5,5 17,5x15,5x5,5
Ok
67
20. List of all supported CVs
20.1. DCC decoders
On the following pages, we have listed all CVs of LokPilot decoders in a chart. Please refer to the CV concept as outlined in chapter 5.1.
Please only change CVs if you are certain about their purpose and the impact of your action. Wrong CV settings can lead to impaired performance or may cause your LokPilot not to respond at all.
CV
Name
Description
Range
Value
1
Loco address
Address of engine (for LokPilot V4.0, LokPilot XL V4.0: Range 1 - 255)
1 - 127
3
2
Start voltage
Sets the minimum speed of the engine
1 - 255
3
3
Acceleration*
This value multiplied by 0.25 is the time from stop to maximum speed
0 - 255
32
4
Deceleration
This value multiplied by 0.25 is the time from maximum speed to stop
0 - 255
24
5
Maximum speed*
Maximum speed of the engine
0 - 255
64
6
Medium speed*
Medium speed of engine
0 - 255
22
7
Version number
Internal software version of decoder
8
Manufacturer‘s ID
13
Analogue mode F1-F8
Manufacturers‘s ID ESU - Writing value 8 in this CV triggers a reset to factory default
values
Status of functions F1 to F8 in analogue mode (see chapter 12.4.)
14
Analogue mode FL, F9-F12
17
18
19
21
Consist Mode F1-F8
22
Consist Mode FL, F9-F12
-
-
151
-
0-255
1
Status of function F0, F9 to F12 in analogue mode (see chapter 12.4.)
0-63
3
Extended address
Long address of engine (see chapter 9.2)
192
Consist address
Additional address for consist operation.
Value 0 or 128 means: consist address is disabled
1 – 127 consist address active, normal direction
129 – 255 consist address active reverse direction
Status of functions F1 to F8 in Consist mode
Meaning of the bits as in CV 13 (see chapter 12.4)
Status of functions FL, F9 to F12 in Consist mode
Meaning of the bits as in CV 14 (see chapter 12.4)
128 9999
0-255
0-255
0
0-63
0
0
* not for LokPilot Fx V4.0
68
List of all supported CVs (DCC decoders)
CV
Name
Description
27
Brake mode
Allowed brake modes
28
RailCom® Configuration
Range
28
Bit
Function
Value
0
ABC braking, voltage higher on the right hand side
1
1
ABC braking, voltage higher on the left hand side
2
2
ZIMO® HLU brakes active
4
3
Brake on DC, if polarity against driving direction
8
4
Brake on DC, if polarity like driving direction
16
Settings for RailCom®
Bit
Function
Value
3
Value
0
29
Configuration register
Channel 1 Address broadcast enabled
0
Channel 1 Address broadcast disabled
1
1
No data transmission on Channel 2
0
Data transmission allowed on Channel 2
2
7
RailCom® Plus automatic loco recognition not active
0
RailCom® Plus automatic loco recognition active
128
Most complex CV within the DCC standard. This register contains important information, some of which are only relevant for DCC operation.
Bit
Function
Value
0
1
2
3
4
5
Normal direction of travel
Reversed direction of travel
14 speed steps DCC
28 or 128 speed steps DCC
Disable analogue operation
Enable analogue operation
Disable RailCom®
Enable RailCom®
Speed curve through CV 2, 5, 6
Speed curve through CV 67 - 94
Short addresses (CV 1) in DCC mode
Long addresses (CV 17 + 18) in DCC mode
12
0
1
0
2
0
4
0
8
0
16
0
32
69
List of all supported CVs (DCC decoders)
CV
Name
Description
31
Index register H
Selection page for CV257-512
16
16
32
Index register L
Selection page for CV257-512
0, 2, 3
0
49
Extended Configuration #1
Further important decoder settings.
0 - 255
19
0-3
3
Bit
Description
Value
0
Enable Load control (Back-EMF) (not for LokPilot Fx V4.0)
Disable Load control (Back-EMF)
DC Motor PWM frequency
20kHz motor pulse frequency
40kHz motor pulse frequency
Märklin® Delta Mode
Disable Märklin® Delta Mode
Enable Märklin® Delta Mode
Märklin® 2nd address
Disable Märklin® 2nd address
Enable Märklin® 2nd address
Automatic DCC speed step detection
Disable DCC speed step detection
Enable DCC speed step detection
LGB® function button mode
Disable LGB® function button mode
Enable LGB® function button mode
Zimo® Manual Function
Disable Zimo® Manual Function
Enable Zimo® Manual Function
Reserved
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
50
Analogue mode
Value
0
2
0
4
0
8
0
16
0
32
0
64
0
128
Selection of allowed analogue modes.
Bit
Function
Value
0
AC Analogue Mode (if so, refer to section 7.3.)
Disable AC Analogue Mode
Enable AC Analogue Mode
0
1
DC Analogue mode
Disable DC Analogue mode
Enable DC Analogue Mode
0
2
1
70
Range
List of all supported CVs (DCC decoders)
CV
Name
Description
Range
Value
52
Load control parameter «K» for slow
driving
„K“-component of the internal PI-controller for lower speed steps. Defines the power
of load control. The higher the value, the stronger the motor will be controlled by
the decoder.
0 - 255
32
53
Control Reference voltage
Defines the Back EMF voltage, which the motor should generate at maximum speed.
The higher the efficiency of the motor, the higher this value may be set. If the engine
does not reach maximum speed, reduce this parameter.
0 - 255
140
54
Load control parameter „K“
„K“-component of the internal PI-controller. Defines the effect of load control. The
higher the value, the stronger the effect of Back EMF control.
0 - 255
48
55
Load control parameter „I“
„I“-component of the internal PI-controller. Defines the momentum (inertia) of the
motor. The higher the momentum of the motor (large flywheel or bigger motor
diameter), the higher this value has to be set.
0 - 255
32
56
Operating range of load control
0 – 100 %
Defines up to which speed in % load control will be active. A value of 32 indicates
that load control will be switched off after reaching half speed.
1 - 255
255
66
Forward Trimm
(not for LokPilot Fx V4.0)
Speed table
Divided by 128 is the factor used to multiply the motor voltage when driving
forward. The value 0 deactivates the trim.
Defines motor voltage for speed steps. The values „in between“ will be interpolated.
0 - 255
128
0 - 255
128
4 - 64
30
105
User CV #1
Divided by 128 is the factor used to multiply the motor voltage when driving backwards. Value 0 deactivates the trim.
Blinking frequency of Strobe effects.
Always a multiple of 0.065536 seconds.
Free CV. Here you are able to save what ever you want.
0 - 255
112
Reverse Trimm
(not for LokPilot Fx V4.0)
Blinking light
0 - 255
0
106
User CV #2
Free CV. Here you are able to save what ever you want.
0 - 255
0
113
Power Fail Bypass
The time that the decoder bridges via the PowerPack after an interruption of voltage.
Unit: A multiple of 0.016384 sec.
0 - 255
50
67-94
95
71
List of all supported CVs (DCC decoders)
CV
Name
Description
124
Extended Configuration #2
Additional important settings for decoders.
Bit
Description
0
Range
Value
-
0
Value
125
Starting voltage Analog DC
Bi-directional bit: Enable driving direction when shifting
direction.
Disable driving direction.
1
Disable decoder lock with CV 15 / 16
Enable decoder lock with CV 15 / 16
3
Disable serial protocol for C-Sinus
Enable serial protocol for C-Sinus
4
Adaptive regulation frequency
Constant regulation frequency
(not for LokPilot Fx V4.0)
1
0-255
30
126
Maximum speed Analog DC
(not for LokPilot Fx V4.0)
0-255
130
127
Starting voltage AC
(not for LokPilot V4.0 DCC and LokPilot Fx V4.0)
0-255
50
128
Maximum speed Analog AC
(not for LokPilot V4.0 DCC and LokPilot Fx V4.0)
0-255
150
132
Grade Crossing Hold Time
Grade Crossing holding time. See chapter 12.3.3.
246
Automatic decoupling
Driving speed
Geschwindigkeit, mit der die Lok beim Entkuppeln fährt. Je größer der Wert,
desto schneller die Lok. Der Wert 0 schaltet die automatische Entkupplung ab.
Automatisches Entkuppeln nur aktiv, wenn der Funktionsausgang auf „Pulse“ oder
„Kuppler“ gestellt ist.
0 - 255
0
247
Decoupling - Removing time
0
Decoupling - Pushing time
0 – 255
0
253
Constant brake mode
This value multiplied with 0.016 defines the time the loco needs for moving away
from the train (automatic decoupling).
This value multiplied with 0.016 defines the time the loco needs for pushing against
the train (automatic decoupling).
Determines the constant brake mode. Only active, if CV254 > 0
0 – 255
248
0 – 255
0
0 – 255
0
0
0
2
0
8
0
16
Funktion
CV 253 = 0: Decoder stops linearly
CV 253 > 0: Decoder stops constantly linear
254
72
Constant braking distance
A value > 0 determines the way of brake distance it adheres to, independent from
speed.
Appendix
21. Appendix
21.1.2. Read out address
21.1. Programming long addresses
As described in chapter 9.2. the long address is split into two CVs.
The byte with the higher value of the address is in CV 17. This
byte determines the range in which the extended address will be
located. For instance, if you enter the value 192 in CV 17 then the
extended address may be between 0 and 255. If 193 is written
into CV 17 then the extended address will be between 256 and
511. You can continue this up to addresses with values of 9984
and 10239. The possible values are shown in figure 31.
If you wish to read out a loco address please read the values of CV
17 and CV 18 one after another and proceed then in reverse order:
Let’s assume you have read:
CV 17 = 196; CV 18 = 147. Look up the corresponding address
range in Fig. 31. The first possible address within this range is
1024. Then you have to add the value from CV 18 and you arrive
at the locomotive address:
1024
+
147
21.1.1. Write address
====
To programm a long address you first of all need to calculate the
values for CV 17 and CV 18 and then programm it. Please note
that it is not possible to programm addresses via the programming
mode “POM”.
To programm the long address proceed as follows:
•Zuerst legen Sie die gewünschte Adresse fest, zum Beispiel 4007.
First you determine the desired address, for instance 4007.
Then you look for the appropriate address range in Fig. 31. The
value to be entered into CV 17 can be found in the column on the
right. In our example, it is 207.
The value for CV 18 is established as follows:
minus
equals
=
1171
Address range
from
to
CV17
0
255
192
256
511
193
Address range
from
to
Address range
CV17
from
to
3584 3839
206
7168
7423
CV17
220
3840 4095
207
7424
7679
221
512
767
194
4096 4351
208
7680
7935
222
768
1023
195
4352 4607
209
7936
8191
223
1024
1279
196
4608 4863
210
8192
8447
224
1280
1535
197
4864 5119
211
8448
8703
225
226
desired address
4007
1536
1791
198
5120 5375
212
8704
8959
first address in the address range -
3840
1792
2047
199
5376 5631
213
8960
9215
227
===============================
====
2048
2303
200
5632 5887
214
9216
9471
228
value for CV 18
167
2304
2559
201
5888 6143
215
9472
9727
229
2560
2815
202
6144 6399
216
9728
9983
230
9984 10239
231
•167 is therefore the value to be entered in CV 18. Thus you decoder is now programmed to address 4007.
2816
3071
203
6400 6655
217
3072
3327
204
6656 6911
218
3328
3583
205
6912 7167
219
Figure 31: Chart of extended loco addresses
73
Notes
74
22. Warranty Certificate
24 months warranty form date of purchase
Dear customer,
Congratulations on purchasing this ESU product. This quality product was manufactured applying the most advanced production methods
and processes and was subjected to stringent quality checks and tests.
Therefore ESU electronic solutions ulm GmbH & Co. KG grants you a warranty for the purchase of ESU products that far exceeds the national
warranty as governed by legislation in your country and beyond the warranty from your authorised ESU dealer. ESU grants an extended
manufacturer´s warranty of 24 months from date of purchase.
Warranty conditions:
•This warranty is valid for all ESU products that have been purchased from an authorised dealer.
•No claims will be accepted without proof of purchase. The filled in warranty certificate together with your ESU dealer´s receipt serves as proof
of purchase. We recommend keeping the warranty certificate together with the receipt.
•In case of claim please fill in the enclosed fault description as detailed and precise as possible and return it with your faulty product.
Extend of warranty / exclusions:
This warranty covers free of charge repair or replacement of the faulty part, provided the failure is demonstrably due to faulty design,
manufacturing, material or transport. Please use the appropriate postage stamps when shipping the decoder to ESU. Any further claims
are excluded.
The warranty expires:
1. In case of wear and tear due to normal use
2. In case of conversions of ESU - products with parts not approved by the manufacturer.
3. In case of modifications of parts, particularly missing shrink sleeves, or wires directly extended on the decoder.
4. In case of inappropriate use (different to the intended use as specified by the manufacturer).
5. If the instructions as laid down in the user manual by ESU electronic solutions ulm GmbH & Co. KG were not adhere to.
Due to liability reasons any inspections or repairs can only be carried out on products that are not installed in a locomotive or carriage. Any
locomotive sent to ESU for inspection will be returned without even touching it. There is no extension of the warranty period due to any
repairs or replacements carried out by ESU.
You may submit your warranty claims either at your retailer or by shipping the product in question with the warranty certificate, the receipt
of purchase and fault description directly to ESU electronic solutions ulm GmbH & Co. KG:
ESU GmbH & Co. KG
- Garantieabteilung Edisonallee 29
D-89231 Neu-Ulm
GERMANY
75
Trouble shooting sheet
1. Personal data
(Please write in block letters)
Name:....................
Street:....................
ZIP/City:................. | | | | | |
Country:................
Email:.....................
Phone:...................
Date:......................
Signature:..............
2. Product details and system enviroment (use extra page if needed)
Art.No.:
Operation Mode: AC Analogue
Digital system:
ESU ECoS
Intellibox®
Purchase Date:
AC Digital
DC Analog
Märklin® 6012
ROCO® Digital
Lenz® Digital Others:
Address:
DC Digital (DCC)
LGB® Digital
LGB® MZS
3. Error description
Headlight output front
Headlight output rear
Motor output
Programming
No Sound
Wrong Sound
Short circuit
AUX output
Cable
Change direction probl.
Without any function (DOA)
Other problems:
4. Receipt - Proof of purchase (Please enclose this document!)
Please enclose your receipt / invoice. Otherwise no warranty possible!
6. Your retailer:
Retailer´s stamp or address
76

5. Additional information:
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
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