Special Locking Arrangements
2015 Issue 3
New Product
Engineering Services
UL Product Spec’s
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& Answers
Special Locking Arrangements
Achieving code compliance with UL Certified products
By Bruce Johnson / Senior Regulatory Engineer
The International Building Code (IBC)
and the NFPA 101 Life Safety Code both
include requirements for a means of
egress system to be provided that includes
a continuous and unobstructed way of
egress travel from any accessible point in
a building, structure or facility to a public
way. However, there are specific situations
in the codes where locking arrangements
are allowed that limit immediate, unobstructed egress travel. This article provides
an overview of some of these applications,
circumstances where there are special
and identifies products that UL certifies for
safety or security needs.
use in these applications.
Controlled egress doors are most often
In the context of this article, special
found in assisted living facilities, nursing
locking arrangements include specialized
homes, hospitals, day-care facilities, deten-
locking hardware and systems used for
tion or correctional facilities and prisons.
controlled egress doors, delayed egress
Delayed egress doors may also be used in
doors and electrically locked egress
these facilities and other buildings with
doors. The IBC and NFPA 101 allow
internal security concerns such as high-
these locking devices under specific
value retail stores. The IBC and NFPA 101
continued on page 3
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[ 2015 Issue 3 ]
of terms
used at UL
ANSI – The American
National Standards Institute
(ANSI) is a private nonprofit
organization that coordinates
and administers the U.S.
voluntary standards and
conformity assessment system.
ANSI also coordinates the U.S.
participation in the development
of international standards.
Most UL Standards for Safety
adopted by reference in building,
fire and electrical code are
ANSI designated standards.
Product Engineering Services
Recent example – expansion of
combustion performance testing
Managing Editor’s Column / by Howard Hopper
It’s always gratifying to see UL provide new service offerings that better
meet the needs of customers, users and/or code authorities. One recent
development in this area was UL’s opening of a combustion performance
testing facility for appliances and equipment. This laboratory is located
in Newton, Iowa, and complements existing UL service offerings with a
custom-designed energy efficiency and performance testing facility.
The new facility was designed with manufacturers’ needs in mind, and
demonstrates UL’s commitment to supporting innovation in all sectors
of the combustion appliance market. In complementing existing safety
testing and certification capabilities, UL is able to offer manufacturers a
complete solution for their testing needs.
The services provided at this new facility are examples of UL Product
Engineering Services, which include testing and integrated advisory
services that help manufacturers meet the complex challenges of today’s
competitive global market with services that streamline the product
development, reliability, safety, energy efficiency and performance
testing processes. To view a short video overview of these services, please
visit ul.com/weknowproducts.
From a code authority perspective, manufacturers that can get new
products and technologies to market faster – with appropriate features,
certifications (Listings) and ratings – can eliminate impediments in the
code authorities’ installation approval process.
Special Locking Arrangements (continued from cover)
require all special locking arrangements to
be listed in accordance with the Standard for
Access Control System Units, UL 294 and/or
the standard for Panic Hardware, UL 305.
These model code requirements strike a
balance between permitting a secure environment while providing for egress during
emergencies. In order to achieve this desired
added level of occupant safety or security
without compromising fire safety, buildings
fitted with special locking arrangements
will typically be required to have additional
safety features, such as:
• Fire detection and suppression systems
that release locked doors upon their
• Failsafe features to release locks in the
event of a loss of power
• Emergency planning and preparedness
with staff training and required drills
• Limitations on the delay time for delayedegress doors
• Special signage requirements
Some of the code applications that allow
special locking arrangements are as follows.
Access controlled egress doors
Access controlled egress doors used in institutional type occupancies such as assisted
living facilities, hospitals and nursing homes
are utilized to provide patients with specialized protective measures where their egress
ability is controlled by the facility staff.
In these applications the locking means
must release upon activation of the automatic fire sprinkler system, smoke detection
system or fire heat detection system, upon
loss of power, and following activation of
a manual unlocking device, if provided.
Procedures for unlocking these doors must
be included in the emergency planning and
preparedness plan and staff training as
required by the International Fire Code (IFC)
and NFPA 1.
In special cases such as psychiatric treatment areas or infant nurseries, the doors do
not need to automatically release because of
the need for special supervision or security
of these patients. In these occupancies, the
codes impose additional requirements, such
as the ability for staff to unlock these doors
and supervised smoke detection and fire
suppression systems.
Delayed egress locking systems
Delayed egress doors are allowed in
buildings – with the exception of certain
occupancies, such as assembly, education
and high hazard. Delayed egress locking
systems are utilized where there is a special
need for internal security, such as institutional and health care occupancies or retail
stores with high-value merchandise. The
limited delay in occupant egress is evidently
not considered detrimental to occupant
safety when the requirements of the code
are followed.
Facilities with a delayed egress system must
have an approved automatic fire sprinkler
system or an approved smoke or heat detection system where the door locks release
upon activation of the system. These locking
systems must be listed and the door locks
must release during a power failure and be
installed with a release switch at the fire
command center or other approved location, such as a security office. The door may
have an audible alarm that sounds when an
occupant pushes on the exit (panic or fire
exit) hardware. The time delay for egress is
limited to 15 seconds or 30 seconds when
approved by the code official, and specific
signage must be placed on the door to let
occupants know the door will open in 15 or
30 seconds. With an exception for certain
institutional occupancies, egress must be
designed so that occupants only need to
continued on page 6
[ 2015 Issue 3 ]
UL Product Spec Update
New enhancements to this powerful search engine reflect user suggestions
By Jonathan Roberts / Lead Regulatory Engineer
UL Product Spec, a next generation online tool with a portfolio
of user friendly, intuitive features was launched in 2014.
This tool is actually a combination of
five tools in one, and includes customized
1 by installation code requirements,
2 by product names using common
industry terms,
3 for fire resistant designs and firestop
penetration systems using construction
parameters, ratings, and materials,
4 for certification information based
on traditional UL product category
codes, and
also suggested changes to improve it even
more. In response, UL recently provided
two significant upgrades to improve the
user experience.
Preview fire-resistance rated
designs and firestop systems
Many changes have been made to improve
UL Product Spec, but one of the most widely
requested enhancements is a new preview
feature for fire-resistance rated designs and
through-penetration firestop systems. This
feature is useful when you search for fireresistance rated designs or firestop systems
5 using the Construction Specifications
Institute’s Master Format section
UL Product Spec is not an App that can be
purchased online, rather it is a web based
tool available at ul.com/productspec that
requires no special login access or training
to use and, designed to fit the screen of any
device, works equally well on laptops, notebooks and iPads, and smart phones since it
right sizes to fit the screen of any device.
Since its initial launch, users have been
extremely pleased with the functionality
and user-friendly platform. But, they have
using specific parameters, and get multiple
matching results displayed on the search
results screen. The new feature allows you
“mouse over” a design or system number,
which brings up a preview window that
displays the construction drawing related
to the design. This saves time and effort in
trying to locate an optimum design without
having to click and open each design to view
the construction details.
Instructional video
In order to help you take advantage of the
many features and functions provided by
Move your mouse
over a design or
system number
to instantly pop
up a preview of
the construction
drawing. Quickly
preview the
designs in the
Results list and
click the one need.
UL Product spec, UL created short online
instructional videos that will walk you
through using the Product Spec search
tool and increase the overall understanding of this useful tool through easy to
follow step by step instructions. A link to
the instructional video can be found at
including your
search criteria in
the header.
For more information on UL Product Spec
please contact Jon Roberts in Oklahoma
City, Okla., at Jonathan.Roberts@ul.com
or +1.405.760.6724.
[ 2015 Issue 3 ]
Special Locking Arrangements (continued from page 3)
pass through one controlled egress door to
exit the building.
Electrically and electro­
magnetically locked
egress doors
Electrically or electromagnetically locked
egress doors have safety requirements,
such as motion sensor activation (release),
automatic release with operation of the
panic or fire exit hardware, failsafe operation and/or a manual release and must be
listed to UL 294 to ensure code compliance and safe operation.
Product certifications
There are several UL product categories
covering special locking arrangements,
locks, and access control systems that can
be used in the above referenced applications. Certifications for these products and
systems can be found in the UL Online
Certifications Directory at ul.com/database.
Over 20 companies have products listed
under the Special Locking Arrangement
(FWAX) product category. This category
covers assemblies intended to be mounted
on door frames of outward-swinging exit
doors for the purpose of locking, such doors
against unauthorized egress.
to facilitate the egress of persons. When the
system is activated, it is intended to protect
against immediate unauthorized egress
and allow exiting within 15 seconds, or 30
seconds when approved by the local code
authority. These devices allow immediate
egress in case of power failure or upon activation of an automatic fire-alarm system.
Products listed under this product category
include releasing devices, such as panic
hardware, fire exit hardware and exit locks,
that are actuated by an actuating bar (crossbar or push pad) or actuating paddle for
outward-opening doors, designed to facilitate the egress of persons from buildings in
the event of an emergency.
The basic standard used to investigate
products in this category is the Standard for
Panic Hardware, UL 305 and applicable IBC
and/or NFPA 101 requirements. Products are
intended for installation in accordance with
the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
UL certified products under this category
Products listed under this product category
are investigated in accordance with the
Standard for Access Control System Units,
UL 294 and applicable IBC and/or NFPA 101
requirements. Products are intended for
installation in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
UL certified products under this category
include a UL Mark that includes “SECURITY”,
“LISTED” or “CERTIFIED”, and “Special
Locking Arrangement.”
The Controlled Exit Panic Devices (FULA)
product category covers devices intended for
mounting on outward-swinging exit doors
include a UL Mark that includes “CERTIFIED”
and “SAFETY,” and “Panic Hardware.”
Also, products and systems that provide a
means of regulating or controlling physical
entry (ingress) into a building or area by
electrical, electronic and/or mechanical means are Certified (Listed) under
the Access Control System Units (ALVY)
product category in accordance with
UL 294 requirements.
Finally, doors controlled by UL 294 access
control systems units or special locking
arrangements are typically provided with
listed burglary-resistant electric dead bolts
(CVXS), burglary-resistant electric door
strikes (CVXY), or burglary-resistant electromagnetic locks (CVYT). These locking devices
are listed in accordance with UL 1034, the
Standard for Burglary-Resistant Electric
Locking Mechanisms.
For more information on special locking
arrangements, please contact Bruce Johnson
in New York at Bruce.Johnson@ul.com or
Questions & Answers
Several sections in Chapter 10 of the IBC require
door locking system units to be listed in accordance
with UL 294. In addition Chapter 7 of NFPA 101
requires hardware for new installations of electrically controlled egress door assemblies to be listed
in accordance with UL 294. Does UL 294 address
electromagnetic locks? If not, what is the appropriate standard to which electromagnetic locks should
be listed?
The Standard for Access Control System Units, UL 294,
is used to list Access Control System Units (ALVY), which
can be found in the UL Online Certifications Directory at
ul.com/database. UL 294 applies to control units, power
supplies, card readers, sensors and other electronic
components that are necessary for proper operation of
the access control system, which provide a means of
regulating or controlling physical entry into an area, or
access to or the use of a device by electrical, electronic
and/or mechanical means. Access control systems are
investigated as a complete configuration based upon
the manufacturer’s specified system components. UL
294 is also used as a basis for Listing Special Locking
Arrangements (FWAX).
Doors controlled by UL 294 access control systems are
typically provided with listed burglary-resistant electric dead bolts (CVXS), burglary-resistant electric door
strikes (CVXY), or burglary-resistant electromagnetic
locks (CVYT). These locking devices are listed in accordance with UL 1034, the Standard for Burglary-Resistant
Electric Locking Mechanisms. These locks are not listed in
accordance with UL 294 – however, the electronic load (or
characteristics) of the door locks are considered during
tests which involve normal operation and electronic loads
as specified by the access control system.
Is it acceptable to plug an outlet strip (relocatable
power tap) into a current tap that is secured in a
duplex wall receptacle with a screw?
The answer to your question is no. To begin, a current
tap is a male and female contact device that, when
connected to an outlet receptacle or cord set, provides
multiple outlets or outlet configurations. The outlet
configuration may consist of a slot configuration, or
provision for the connection of flexible cord.
A relocatable power tap, often referred to as an outlet
strip, is listed in accordance with the Standard for
Relocatable Power
Taps, UL 1363.
Listings for these
devices can be
found under
the Relocatable
Power Tap (XBYS)
product category, which can be found in the UL Online
Certifications directory at ul.com/database.
UL 1363 indicates that relocatable power taps are
intended to be connected to a permanently
installed branch circuit receptacle outlet.
These devices are not intended to be
connected to other devices, including
current taps installed in permanently installed receptacles. If
there is interest in changing the
intended use of these products,
this would first necessitate a
change to UL 1363.
For more information on electromagnetic door locks and
related equipment and systems, please contact Kelly
Nicolello in Fort Worth, Texas, at Kelly.Nicolello@ul.com
or +1.602.201.8938.
Presort Standard
U.S. Postage
Permit No. 1009
Northbrook, IL
333 Pfingsten Road
Northbrook, IL 60062-2096
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