BiPAC 8800NL - Billion Electric

BiPAC 8800NL - Billion Electric
BiPAC 8800NL
Wireless-N VDSL2(Fibre)/ADSL2+
Firewall Router
User Manual
Version Released: 2.32d.dm2
Last revised date: February 27, 2014
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 1 Introduction to your Router..................................................................................................................... 1 Features ................................................................................................................................................... 3 ADSL Compliance .............................................................................................................................. 3 Network Protocols and Features ...................................................................................................... 4 Firewall.............................................................................................................................................. 4 Quality of Service Control ................................................................................................................. 4 ATM and PPP Protocols .................................................................................................................... 4 IPTV Applications .............................................................................................................................. 5 Wireless LAN ..................................................................................................................................... 5 USB Application Server ..................................................................................................................... 5 Management..................................................................................................................................... 6 Hardware Specifications .......................................................................................................................... 7 Physical Interface .............................................................................................................................. 7 Chapter 2: Installing the Router...................................................................................................................... 8 Package Contents..................................................................................................................................... 8 Important note for using this router ....................................................................................................... 9 Device Description ................................................................................................................................. 10 The Front LEDs ................................................................................................................................ 10 The Rear Ports................................................................................................................................. 12 Cabling.................................................................................................................................................... 14 Chapter 3: Basic Installation ......................................................................................................................... 15 Connecting Your Router......................................................................................................................... 16 Network Configuration .......................................................................................................................... 18 Configuring a PC in Windows 7/ 8 .................................................................................................. 18 Configuring a PC in Windows Vista ................................................................................................. 21 Configuring a PC in Windows XP..................................................................................................... 24 Configuring a PC in Windows 2000................................................................................................. 26 Configuring a PC in Windows 95/98/Me ........................................................................................ 27 Configuring a PC in Windows NT4.0 ............................................................................................... 28 Factory Default Settings......................................................................................................................... 29 Information from your ISP ..................................................................................................................... 31 Easy Sign On (EZSO) ...................................................................................................................................... 32 Chapter 4: Configuration .............................................................................................................................. 37 Configuration via Web Interface............................................................................................................ 37 Status ..................................................................................................................................................... 39 Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 40 WAN ................................................................................................................................................ 41 Statistics .......................................................................................................................................... 42 LAN ........................................................................................................................................... 42 WAN Service............................................................................................................................. 43 xTM .......................................................................................................................................... 43 xDSL.......................................................................................................................................... 44 Bandwidth Usage ............................................................................................................................ 47 LAN ........................................................................................................................................... 47 WAN Service............................................................................................................................. 49 Route............................................................................................................................................... 51 ARP .................................................................................................................................................. 52 DHCP ............................................................................................................................................... 53 Log................................................................................................................................................... 54 System Log ............................................................................................................................... 54 Security Log.............................................................................................................................. 55 Quick Start.............................................................................................................................................. 56 Quick Start....................................................................................................................................... 56 Configuration ......................................................................................................................................... 61 LAN ‐ Local Area Network ............................................................................................................... 62 Ethernet ................................................................................................................................... 62 IPv6 Autoconfig........................................................................................................................ 65 Interface Grouping................................................................................................................... 69 Wireless........................................................................................................................................... 72 Basic ......................................................................................................................................... 73 Security .................................................................................................................................... 75 MAC Filter ................................................................................................................................ 87 Wireless Bridge ........................................................................................................................ 88 Advanced ................................................................................................................................. 90 Station Info............................................................................................................................... 92 Schedule Control...................................................................................................................... 93 WAN‐Wide Area Network............................................................................................................... 94 WAN Service............................................................................................................................. 94 DSL..................................................................................................................................... 94 Ethernet .......................................................................................................................... 106 DSL.......................................................................................................................................... 113 SNR ......................................................................................................................................... 114 System........................................................................................................................................... 115 Internet Time ......................................................................................................................... 115 Firmware Upgrade ................................................................................................................. 116 Backup / Update .................................................................................................................... 117 Access Control........................................................................................................................ 118 Mail Alert ............................................................................................................................... 119 Configure Log ......................................................................................................................... 120 USB ................................................................................................................................................ 121 Storage Device Info ................................................................................................................ 121 User Account.......................................................................................................................... 122 DLNA ...................................................................................................................................... 129 IP Tunnel ....................................................................................................................................... 131 IPv6inIPv4............................................................................................................................... 131 IPv4inIPv6............................................................................................................................... 133 Security ......................................................................................................................................... 134 IP Filtering Outgoing .............................................................................................................. 134 IP Filtering Incoming .............................................................................................................. 137 MAC Filtering ......................................................................................................................... 139 Blocking WAN PING ............................................................................................................... 140 Time Restriction ..................................................................................................................... 141 URL Filter................................................................................................................................ 143 Parental Control Provider ...................................................................................................... 146 QoS ‐ Quality of Service ................................................................................................................ 147 Quality of Service ................................................................................................................... 147 QoS Port Shaping ................................................................................................................... 152 NAT................................................................................................................................................ 153 Exceptional Rule Group.......................................................................................................... 153 Virtual Servers........................................................................................................................ 155 DMZ Host ............................................................................................................................... 159 One‐to‐One NAT .................................................................................................................... 160 Port Triggering ....................................................................................................................... 161 ALG ......................................................................................................................................... 164 Wake On LAN ................................................................................................................................ 165 Advanced Setup ................................................................................................................................... 166 Routing.......................................................................................................................................... 167 Default Gateway .................................................................................................................... 167 Static Route............................................................................................................................ 168 Policy Routing ........................................................................................................................ 170 RIP .......................................................................................................................................... 171 DNS................................................................................................................................................ 172 DNS......................................................................................................................................... 172 Dynamic DNS.......................................................................................................................... 174 DNS Proxy............................................................................................................................... 177 Static DNS............................................................................................................................... 178 Static ARP ...................................................................................................................................... 179 UPnP.............................................................................................................................................. 180 Certificate...................................................................................................................................... 187 Trusted CA.............................................................................................................................. 187 Multicast ....................................................................................................................................... 190 Management................................................................................................................................. 192 SNMP Agent ........................................................................................................................... 192 TR‐ 069 Client......................................................................................................................... 193 Http Port ................................................................................................................................ 195 Remote Access ....................................................................................................................... 196 Power Management .............................................................................................................. 197 Time Schedule........................................................................................................................ 198 Auto Reboot ........................................................................................................................... 199 Diagnostics .................................................................................................................................... 200 Diagnostics Tools ................................................................................................................... 200 Push Service ........................................................................................................................... 203 Diagnostics ............................................................................................................................. 204 Fault Management................................................................................................................. 205 Restart.................................................................................................................................................. 206 Chapter 5: Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................ 207 Appendix: Product Support & Contact ....................................................................................................... 209
Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction to your Router
The BiPAC 8800NL is an all-in-one VDSL2/ADSL2+ broadband router with the latest 802.11n
technology. It is designed for home and SOHO users who seek extreme mobility, high-speed
wireless connection and better wireless coverage while maintaining high-speed broadband access
with VDSL2/ADSL2+. Users can enjoy VDSL2 services and broadband multimedia applications
such as interactive gaming, video streaming and real-time audio much easier and faster than ever
before. With an integrated 802.11n wireless access point, the router enables faster wireless speeds
of up to 300Mbps. The SOHO Firewall is integrated to provide protection against hacker attacks
while the Quality of Service prioritizes queues and traffic for applications such as music downloads,
online gaming, video streaming and file sharing.
USB Application Server
The BiPAC 8800NL supports multi-functional USB 2.0 ports. You can share FTP, NAS, DLNA
media server and files with your family throughout your home network.
Surfing Internet with Flexibility
The BiPAC 8800NL has four LAN ports and the fourth port can be configured as a WAN port if
required. This EWAN (Ethernet WAN) port offers another broadband connectivity option for
connecting to a cable or fibre modem. SOHO or small office users can even deploy the BiPAC
8800NL for FTTx (Fiber-to-the-building, node, or home) applications over a fibre device connection.
Very High-speed Connectivity for Internet Access
The BiPAC 8800NL complies with VDSL2 and ADSL2+ worldwide standards and it can support the
downlink data rate of up to 100Mbps and uplink data rate of up to 50Mbps in VDSL2. It’s also
integrated with 3-port 10/100Mbps switch, 1-port Gigabit switch, and 802.11n wireless AP, enabling
users to connect to multiple computers or devices easily.
Optimal Wireless Speeds and Coverage
With an integrated 802.11n wireless access point, the router delivers up to 6 times the speed and 3
times the wireless coverage of an 802.11b/g network device. It supports a data rate up to 300Mbps
and is also compatible with 802.11b/g equipment. The Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA-PSK / WPA2PSK) and Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) features enhance the level of transmission security and
access control over wireless LAN.
Firewall Security and Smooth Traffic
With the built-in NAT default firewall, the advanced anti-hacker pattern-filtering protection features
automatically detect and block Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. In addition, the packet filtering
provides high-level security for access control. Quality of Service control prioritizes the traffic and
allows users to enjoy smooth traffic while running applications such as P2P or multimedia through
the Internet.
1
IPv6 supported
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a version of the Internet Protocol that is designed to succeed
IPv4. IPv6 has a vastly larger address space than IPv4. This results from the use of a 128-bit
address, whereas IPv4 uses only 32 bits. The new address space thus supports 2128 (about
3.4×1038) addresses. This expansion provides flexibility in allocating addresses and routing traffic
and eliminates the primary need for network address translation (NAT), which gained widespread
deployment as an effort to alleviate IPv4 address exhaustion.
IPv6 also implements new features that simplify aspects of address assignment (stateless address
autoconfiguration) and network renumbering (prefix and router announcements) when changing
Internet connectivity providers. The IPv6 subnet size has been standardized by fixing the size of the
host identifier portion of an address to 64 bits to facilitate an automatic mechanism for forming the
host identifier from Link Layer media addressing information (MAC address).
Network security is integrated into the design of the IPv6 architecture. Internet Protocol Security
(IPsec) was originally developed for IPv6, but found widespread optional deployment first in IPv4
(into which it was back-engineered). The IPv6 specifications mandate IPsec implementation as a
fundamental interoperability requirement.
Virtual AP
A “Virtual Access Point” is a logical entity that exists within a physical Access Point (AP). When a
single physical AP supports multiple “Virtual APs”, each Virtual AP appears to stations (STAs) to be
an independent physical AP, even though only a single physical AP is present. For example,
multiple Virtual APs might exist within a single physical AP, each advertising a distinct SSID and
capability set. Alternatively, multiple Virtual APs might advertise the same SSID but a different
capability set – allowing access to be provided via Web Portal, WEP, and WPA simultaneously.
Where APs are shared by multiple providers, Virtual APs provide each provider with separate
authentication and accounting data for their users, as well as diagnostic information, without
sharing sensitive management traffic or data between providers. You can enable the virtual AP.
Web Based GUI
It supports web based GUI for configuration and management. It is user-friendly and comes with
online help. It also supports remote management capability for remote users to configure and
manage this product.
Firmware Upgradeable
Device can be upgraded to the latest firmware through the WEB based GUI.
2
Features
• IPv6 ready (IPv4/IPv6 dual stack)
• Support VDSL2 and fail back to ADSL2+
• 3-port (port#2-4)10/100Mbps switch and 1-port (port#1)Gigabit switch
• Ethernet port#4 can be configured as a WAN interface for broadband connectivity.
• 1 USB ports for FTP, NAS, DLNA server
• Compliant with IEEE 802.11b/g/n standards
• WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) for easy setup
• Wireless security with WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
• Supports WDS repeater function
• SNR adjustments to achieve highest sync speeds
• Monitoring of individual LAN/WAN traffic
• Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) Compliance
• QoS for traffic prioritization and bandwidth management
• SMS alert and mail alert for default WAN IP changed
• SOHO firewall security
• Auto failover and failback
• Supports IPTV application*3
• Ease of use with quick installation wizard (EZSO)
• Broadcom chipset for better stability
• Ideal for Home and SOHO users
ADSL Compliance
• Compliant with xDSL Standard
- Full-rate ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
- ITU-T G.993.2 (VDSL2, supporting profile 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d, 12a, 12b, 17a)
- ITU-T G.992.1 (G.dmt)
- ITU-T G.992.2 (G.lite)
- ITU-T G.992.3 (G.dmt.bis)
- ITU-T G.992.3 Annex M (ADSL2 Annex M)
- ITU-T G.992.4 (G.lite.bis),
- ITU-T G.992.5 (G.dmt.bis plus)
- ITU-T G.992.5 Annex M (ADSL2+ Annex M)
3
- ITU-T G.994.1 (G.hs)
Supports VDSL2 band plan: 997 and 998
Network Protocols and Features
• IPv4 or IPv4 / IPv6 Dual Stack
• NAT, static (v4/v6) routing and RIP-1 / 2
• IPv6 Stateless / Stateful Address Auto-configuration
• IPv6 Router Advertisement
• IPv6 over PPP
• DHCPv6
• IP Tunnel IPv6 in IPv4(6RD)
• IP Tunnel IPv4 in IPv6(DS-Lite)
• Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) Compliant
• Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS)
• Virtual Server, DMZ
• SNTP, DNS relay, IGMP snooping and IGMP proxy for video service
• MLD snooping and MLD proxy for video service
• Management based-on IP protocol, port number and address
• Support port-based and tag-based Virtual LAN (VLAN)
Firewall
• Built-in NAT Firewall
• Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
• DoS attack prevention
• Packet Filtering (v4/v6) - port, source IP address, destination IP address, MAC address,
• URL Content Filtering (v4/v6) – string or domain name detection in URL string
Quality of Service Control
• Supports the DiffServ approach
• Traffic prioritization and bandwidth management based-on IPv4/IPv6 protocol, port
number and address
• Support port shaping
ATM and PPP Protocols
• ATM Adaptation Layer Type 5 (AAL5)
• Multiple Protocol over ALL5 (RFC 268, formerly RFC 1483)
• Bridged or routed Ethernet encapsulation
4
• VC and LLC based multiplexing
• PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
• PPP over ATM (RFC 2364)
• Classical IP over ATM (RFC 1577)
• MAC Encapsulated Routing (RFC 1483 MER)
• OAM F4 / F5
IPTV Applications*3
• IGMP Snooping and IGMP Proxy
• MLD Snooping and MLD Proxy
• Virtual LAN (VLAN)
• Quality of Service (QoS)
Wireless LAN
• Compliant with IEEE 802.11 b/ g/ n standards
• 2.4 GHz frequency range
• Up to 300 Mbps wireless operation rate
• 64 / 128 bits WEP supported for encryption
• WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) for easy setup
• Supports WPS v2
• Wireless Security with WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK support
• Multiple wireless SSIDs with wireless guest access and client isolation
• WDS repeater function support
• Wireless LAN Schedule control
USB Application Server
• Storage/NAS: Samba server, FTP server, DLNA media server
5
Management
• Easy Sign-on (EZSO)
• Web-based GUI for remote and local management (IPv4/IPv6)
• Firmware upgrades and configuration data upload and download via web-based GUI
• Embedded Telnet server for remote and local management
• Supports DHCP server / client / relay
• Supports SNMP v1,v2, MIB-I and MIB-II
• TR-069*2 supports remote management
• Available Syslog
• Mail alert for WAN IP change
• Auto failover and fallback
• Push Service for diagnostics and debug usage
1. The router may require firmware modification for certain ADSL2/2+/ Annex M DSLAMs
2. On request for Telco / ISP projects
3. IPTV application may require subscription to IPTV services from a Telco / ISP.
4. Specifications on this datasheet are subject to change without prior notice.
6
Hardware Specifications
Physical Interface
• WLAN: internal antennas
• DSL: VDSL/ADSL port
• USB 2.0: 1-port USB 2.0 interface for storage, Samba server, FTP server and DLNA
media server
• Ethernet: 3-port (port#2-4) 10 / 100Mbps and 1-port (port#1) Gigabit auto-crossover
(MDI / MDI-X) Switch
• EWAN: Ethernet port#4 can be configured as a WAN interface for connecting directly to
Fiber/xDSL/Cable modem
• Power jack
• Power switch
• WPS push button
• Wireless on/off button
• Factory default reset button
7
Chapter 2: Installing the Router
Package Contents
• BiPAC 8800NL Wireless-N VDSL2(Fibre)/ADSL2+ firewall router
• Quick Start Guide
• CD containing the on-line manual
• RJ-45 Cat. 5e STP Ethernet cable
• RJ-11 telephone cable
• Power adapter
• Splitter / Micro-filter (Optional)
8
Important note for using this router
1. Do not use the router in high humidity or high temperatures.
2. Do not use the same power source for the router as other equipment.
3. Do not open or repair the case yourself. If the router is too hot, turn off the power
immediately and have it repaired at a qualified service center.
4. Avoid using this product and all accessories outdoors.
Warning
1. Place the router on a stable surface.
2. Only use the power adapter that comes with the package. Using a different voltage rating
power adapter may damage the router.
Attention
9
Device Description
The Front LEDs
10
LED
Status
Meaning
Red
Boot failure or in emergency mode
Green
System ready
Green
Successfully connected to a LAN device (PC, switch, etc).
Blinking
Data being transmitted/received
Green
Wireless connection established
Green blinking
Sending/receiving data
Green blinking
WPS configuration being in progress
Off
WPS process completed or WPS is off
Green
Successfully connected to a USB device
Green Blinking
DSL synchronizing or waiting for DSL synchronizing
Green
Successfully connected to a DSLAM (Line Sync).
Off
DSL cable unplugged
Red
Obtaining IP failure
Green
Having obtained an IP address successfully
Off
Router in bridge mode or DSL connection not present.
Power
LAN 1-4
WLAN
WPS
USB
DSL
Internet
11
The Rear Ports
Port
Meaning
1
Power Switch
Power ON / OFF switch.
2
Power
Connect the supplied power adapter to this jack.
3
WLAN
Press WLAN button more than 2 seconds to switch on/off the whole wireless
connectivity.
4
WPS
Push WPS button to trigger Wi-Fi Protected Setup function.
12
5
RESET
After the device is powered on, press it 5 seconds or above: to restore to factory
default settings (this is used when you cannot login to the router, e.g. forgot the
password)
6
LAN 1-4
Connect a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or Cat-5e) to one of the four LAN ports when
connecting to a PC or an office/home network of 10Mbps /100Mbps /1000Mbps.
Note: 3-port 10/100Mbps switch (port#2-4), and 1-port Gigabit switch(port #1)
7
DSL
Connect this port to the DSL network with the RJ-11 cable (telephone) provided.
8
USB
Connect the USB device (USB 2.0 storage) to this port.
13
Cabling
One of the most common causes of problems is bad cabling or ADSL line(s). Make sure that all
connected devices are turned on. On the front panel of your router is a bank of LEDs. Verify that the
LAN Link and ADSL line LEDs are all lit. If they are not, verify if you are using the proper cables. If
the error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case, you should contact technical
support.
Make sure you have a line filter with all devices (e.g. telephones, fax machines, analogue modems)
connected to the same telephone line and the wall socket (unless you are using a Central Splitter or
Central Filter installed by a qualified and licensed electrician), and ensure that all line filters are
correctly installed and the right way around. Missing line filters or line filters installed the wrong way
around can cause problems with your ADSL connection, including causing frequent disconnections.
If you have a back-to-base alarm system you should contact your security provider for a technician
to make any necessary changes.
14
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
The router can be configured through your web browser. A web browser is included as a standard
application in the following operating systems: Linux, Mac OS / Windows 8, Windows 7 / 98 / NT /
2000 / XP / Me / Vista, etc. The product provides an easy and user-friendly interface for
configuration.
Please check your PC network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network
adapter must be installed. If not, please refer to your Windows-related or other operating system
manuals.
There are ways to connect the router, either through an external repeater hub or connect directly
to your PCs. However, make sure that your PCs have an Ethernet interface installed properly prior
to connecting the router device. You ought to configure your PCs to obtain an IP address through
a DHCP server or a fixed IP address that must be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP
address of the router is 192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached PC
must be in the same subnet, and have an IP address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253).
The best and easiest way is to configure the PC to get an IP address automatically from the router
using DHCP. If you encounter any problem accessing the router web interface it is advisable to
uninstall your firewall program on your PCs, as they can cause problems accessing the IP address
of the router. Users should make their own decisions on what is best to protect their network.
Please follow the following steps to configure your PC network environment.
Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with or through this router. To
configure other types of workstations, please consult your manufacturer documentation.
15
Connecting Your Router
Users can connect the VDSL2/ADSL2+ router as the following.
DSL Router mode:
16
Broadband Router mode:
17
Network Configuration
Configuring a PC in Windows 7/ 8
1.
Go to Start. Click on Control
Panel.
Then click on Network and
Internet.
2.
When the Network and Sharing
Center window pops up, select
and click on Change adapter
settings on the left window
panel.
3.
Select
the
Local
Area
Connection, and right click the
icon to select Properties.
18
IPv4:
4.
Select
Internet
Protocol
Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click
Properties
5.
In the TCP/IPv4 properties
window, select the Obtain an IP
address automatically and
Obtain DNS Server address
automatically radio buttons.
Then click OK to exit the setting.
6.
Click OK again in the Local
Area Connection Properties
window to apply the new
configuration.
19
IPv6:
4.
Select
Internet
Protocol
Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) then click
Properties
5.
In the TCP/IPv6 properties
window, select the Obtain an
IPv6 address automatically
and
Obtain
DNS
Server
address automatically radio
buttons. Then click OK to exit
the setting.
6.
Click OK again in the Local
Area Connection Properties
window to apply the new
configuration.
20
Configuring a PC in Windows Vista
1. Go to Start. Click on Network.
2. Then click on Network and
Sharing Center at the top bar.
3. When the Network and Sharing
Center window pops up, select
and click on Manage network
connections on the left window
pane.
4. Select
the
Local
Area
Connection, and right click the
icon to select Properties.
21
IPv4:
5. Select
Internet
Protocol
Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click
Properties.
6. In the TCP/IPv4 properties
window, select the Obtain an IP
address
automatically and
Obtain DNS Server address
automatically radio buttons.
Then click OK to exit the setting.
7. Click OK again in the Local Area
Connection Properties window
to apply the new configuration.
22
IPv6:
8. Select
Internet
Protocol
Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) then click
Properties.
9. In the TCP/IPv6 properties
window, select the Obtain an
IPv6 address automatically and
Obtain DNS Server address
automatically radio buttons.
Then click OK to exit the setting.
10. Click OK again in the Local Area
Connection Properties window
to apply the new configuration.
23
Configuring a PC in Windows XP
IPv4:
1. Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic
View). In the Control Panel, double-click
on Network Connections
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status
window, click Properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio
buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
24
IPv6:
IPv6 is supported by Windows XP, but you should install it first.
Act as shown below:
1. On the desktop, Click Start > Run, type cmd, then press Enter key in the keyboard, the following screen
appears.
2. Key in command ipv6 install
Configuration is OK now, you can test whether it works ok.
25
Configuring a PC in Windows 2000
1. Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on Network
and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status
window click Properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and the Obtain DNS server
address automatically radio buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
26
Configuring a PC in Windows 95/98/Me
1. Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and choose the Configuration tab.
2. Select TCP/IP > NE2000 Compatible, or
the name of your Network Interface Card (NIC)
in your PC.
3. Select the Obtain an
automatically radio button.
IP
address
4. Then select the DNS Configuration tab.
5. Select the Disable DNS radio button
and click OK to finish the configuration.
27
Configuring a PC in Windows NT4.0
1. Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on Network
and choose the Protocols tab.
2. Select TCP/IP Protocol and click Properties.
3. Select the Obtain an IP address from a
DHCP server radio button and click OK.
28
Factory Default Settings
Before configuring your router, you need to know the following default settings.
Web Interface (Username and Password)
Three user levels are provided by this router, namely Administrator, Remote and Local
respectively. See Access Control .
Administrator
Username: admin
Password: admin
Local
Username: user
Password: user
Remote
Username: support
Password: support
If you have forgotten the username and/or password of the router, you can restore the device
to its default setting by pressing the Reset Button more than 5 seconds.
Attention
Device LAN IPv4 settings
IPv4 Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Device LAN IPv6 settings
IPv6 Address / prefix: Default is a link-local address and is different from each other as MAC
address is different from one to one. For example: fe80:0000:0000:0000:0204:edff:fe01:0001 / 64,
the prefix initiates by fe80::
DHCP server for IPv4
DHCP server is enabled.
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.100
IP pool counts: 100
29
LAN and WAN Port Addresses
The parameters of LAN and WAN ports are pre-set in the factory. The default values are shown in
the table.
IPv4
LAN Port
IPv4 address
Subnet Mask
DHCP server function
IP addresses for
distribution to PCs
WAN Port
192.168.1.254
255.255.255.0
Enabled
100 IP addresses continuing
from 192.168.1.100 through
192.168.1.199
The PPPoE function is
enabled to automatically get
the WAN port configuration
from the ISP.
IPv6
LAN Port
IPv6 address/prefix
DHCP server function
WAN Port
Default is a link-local address and is
different from each other as MAC
The PPPoE function is
address is different from one to one. enabled to automatically get
For
example
: the WAN port configuration
from the ISP.
fe80::204:edff:fe01:1/64,
the prefix initiates by fe80::
Enabled
30
Information from your ISP
Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service Provider) to find
out what kind of service is provided.
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
PPPoE(RFC2516)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service
Name, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be
automatically assigned by your ISP when you connect or be set manually).
PPPoA(RFC2364)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password and Domain
Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned by your
ISP when you connect or be set manually).
DHCP Client
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Domain Name System (DNS) IP
address (it can be automatically assigned by your ISP when you connect or
be set manually).
IPoA(RFC1577)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).
Pure Bridge
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing to use Bridged Mode.
31
Easy Sign On (EZSO)
This special feature makes it easier for you to configure your router so that you can connect to the
internet in a matter of seconds without having to logon to the router GUI for any detail configuration.
This configuration method is usually auto initiated if user is to connect to the internet via Billion's
router for the first time.
After setting up the router with all the appropriate cables plugged-in, open up your IE browser, the
EZSO WEB GUI will automatically pop up and request that you enter some basic information that
you have obtained from your ISP. By following the instructions given carefully and through the
information you provide, the router will be configured in no time and you will find yourself surfing the
internet sooner than you realize.
EZSO window pops up:
Step1: Set the administration password (admin/admin by default).
Step 2: Set the Time Zone.
Step 3: Configure the WAN interface.
DSL mode (ADSL mode, please choose ATM; VDSL, please choose PTM)
Here take ADSL for example.
Before configuring with DSL mode, please confirm you have correctly connected the DSL line, and it
is now synchronized.
Select DSL, press Continue to go on to next step, press “Done” to quit the setting.
1. Enter the username, password from your ISP, for IP and DNS settings; also refer to your ISP.
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Here IPv6 service is enabled by default.
If the DLS line doesn’t synchronize, the page will pop up warning of the DSL connection failure.
3. Wait while the device is configured (DSL synchronized).
4. WAN port configuration is success and next to wireless, if you want skip wireless setting, click
Done.
Click Done, web configuration will be loaded, you will enter the web configuration page.
5. After the configuration is successful, click Next to Wireless button and you may proceed to
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configure the Wireless setting. Here you can set to activate wireless and set the SSID and
encryption Key. (1. Leave it empty to disable the wireless security; 2. Fill in the Key, and the
encryption mode will be WPA2-PSK/AES).
6. Success in configuring the EZSO.
Click link 192.168.1.254, it will lead you to the following page.
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Ethernet mode
1. Select Ethernet, press Continue to go on to next step.
2. Enter the username, password from your ISP, for IP and DNS settings, also refer to your ISP.
Here IPv6 service is enabled by default.
3. Wait while the device is configured.
4. WAN port configuration is success.
Click Done, web configuration will be loaded, you will enter the web configuration page.
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5. After the configuration is successful, click Next to Wireless button and you may proceed to
configure the Wireless setting. Here you can set to activate wireless and set the SSID and
encryption Key (1. Leave it empty to disable the wireless security; 2. Fill in the Key, and the
encryption mode will be WPA2-PSK/AES).
7. Success in configuring the EZSO.
Click 192.168.1.254, it will lead you to the following page.
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Chapter 4: Configuration
Configuration via Web Interface
Open your web browser; enter the IP address of your router, which by default is 192.168.1.254, and
click
or press ‘Enter’ key on the keyboard, a login prompt window will appear. The default root
username and password are “admin” and “admin” respectively.
Congratulations! You are now successfully logged in to the VDSL2/ADSl2+ Router!
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Once you have logged on to your BiPAC 8800NL Router via your web browser, you can begin to set
it up according to your requirements. On the configuration homepage, the left navigation pane links
you directly to the setup pages, which include:
Status (Summary, WAN, Statistics, Bandwidth Usage, Route, ARP, DHCP, Log)
Quick Start (Quick Start)
Configuration (LAN, Wireless, WAN, System, USB, IP Tunnel, Security, Quality of Service, NAT,
Wake On LAN)
Advanced Setup (Routing, DNS, Static ARP, UPnP, Certificate, Multicast, Management,
Diagnostics)
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Status
This Section gives users an easy access to the information about the working router and access to
view the current status of the router. Here Summary, WAN, Statistics, Bandwidth Usage, Route,
ARP, DHCP and Log subsections are included.
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Summary
The basic information about the device is provided here (the following is a configured
screenshots to let users understand clearly).
Device Information
Model Name: Displays the model name.
Host Name: Displays the name of the router.
System Up-Time: Displays the elapsed time since the device is on.
Date/Time: Displays the current exact date and time. Sync button is to synchronize the
Date/Time with your PC time without regard to connecting to internet or not.
Software Version: Firmware version.
LAN IPv4 Address: Displays the LAN IPv4 address.
LAN IPv6 Address: Displays the LAN IPv6 address. Default is a Link-Local address, but
when connects to ISP, it will display the Global Address, like above figure.
MAC Address: Displays the MAC address.
DSL PHY and Driver Version: Display DSL PHY and Driver version.
Wireless Driver Version: Displays wireless driver version.
WAN
Line Rate – Upstream (Kbps): Displays Upstream line Rate in Kbps.
Line Rate – Downstream (Kbps): Displays Downstream line Rate in Kbps.
Default Gateway/IPv4 Address: Display Default Gateway and the IPv4 address.
Connection Time: Displays the elapsed time since ADSL connection is up.
Primary DNS Server: Displays IPV4 address of Primary DNS Server.
Secondary DNS Server: Displays IPV4 address of Secondary DNS Server.
Default IPv6 Gateway/IPv6 Address: Display the IPv6 Gateway and the obtained IPv6
address.
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WAN
This table displays the information of the WAN connections, users can turn here for WAN connection
information.
Interface: The WAN connection interface.
Description: The description of this connection.
Type: The protocol used by this connection.
Status: To disconnect or connect the link.
Connection Time: The WAN connection time since WAN is up.
IPv4 Address: The WAN IPv4 Address the device obtained.
IPv6 Address: The WAN IPv6 Address the device obtained.
DNS: The DNS address the device obtained.
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Statistics
LAN
The table shows the statistics of LAN.
Note: P4 can be configured as EWAN, and when the device is in EWAN profile, there is no
P4/EWAN interface as P4 is working as a WAN port.
(DSL)
(EWAN)
Interface: List each LAN interface. P1-P4 indicates the four LAN interfaces.
Bytes: Display the Received and Transmitted traffic statistics in Bytes.
Packets: Display the Received and Transmitted traffic statistics in Packets.
Errors: Display the statistics of errors arising in Receiving or Transmitting data.
Drops: Display the statistics of drops arising in Receiving or Transmitting data.
Reset: Press this button to refresh the statistics.
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WAN Service
The table shows the statistics of WAN.
Interface: Display the connection interface.
Description: the description for the connection.
Bytes: Display the WAN Received and Transmitted traffic statistics in Bytes.
Packets: Display the WAN Received and Transmitted traffic statistics in Packests.
Errors: Display the statistics of errors arising in Receiving or Transmitting data.
Drops: Display the statistics of drops arising in Receiving or Transmitting data.
Reset: Press this button to refresh the statistics.
xTM
The Statistics-xTM screen displays all the xTM statistics
Port Number: Shows number of the port for xTM.
In Octets: Number of received octets over the interface.
Out Octets: Number of transmitted octets over the interface.
In Packets: Number of received packets over the interface.
Out Packets: Number of transmitted packets over the interface.
In OAM Cells: Number of OAM cells received.
Out OAM Cells: Number of OAM cells transmitted.
In ASM Cells: Number of ASM cells received.
Out ASM Cells: Number of ASM cells transmitted.
In Packet Errors: Number of received packets with errors.
In Cell Errors: Number of received cells with errors.
Reset: Click to reset the statistics.
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xDSL
Mode: Modulation protocol, including G.dmt, G.lite, T1.413, ADSL2, AnnexL, ADSL2+ and AnnexM.
Traffic Type: Transfer mode, here supports ATM and PTM.
Status: Show the status of DSL link.
Link Power State: Show link output power state.
Line Coding (Trellis): Trellis on/off.
SNR Margin (dB): Show the Signal to Noise Ratio(SNR) margin.
Attenuation (dB): This is estimate of average loop attenuation of signal.
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Output Power (dBm): Show the output power.
Attainable Rate (Kbps): The sync rate you would obtain.
Rate (Kbps): Show the downstream and upstream rate in Kbps.
MSGc (#of bytes in overhead channel message): The number of bytes in overhead channel
message.
B (# of bytes in Mux Data Frame): The number of bytes in Mux Data frame.
M (# of Mux Data Frames in FEC Data Frame): The number of Mux Data frames in FEC frame.
T (Mux Data Frames over sync bytes): The number of Mux Data frames over all the sync bytes.
R (# of check bytes in FEC Data Frame): The number of check bytes in FEC frame.
S (ratio of FEC over PMD Data Frame length): The ratio of FEC over PMD Data frame length
L (# of bits in PMD Data Frame): The number of bit in PMD Data frame
D (interleaver depth): Show the interleaver depth.
Delay (msec): Show the delay time in msec.
INP (DMT symbol): Show the DMT symbol.
Super Frames: The total number of super frames.
Super Frame Errors: the total number of super frame errors.
RS Words: Total number of Reed-Solomon code errors.
RS Correctable Errors: Total number of RS with correctable errors.
RS Uncorrectable Errors: Total number of RS words with uncorrectable errors.
HEC Errors: Total number of Header Error Checksum errors.
OCD Errors: Total number of out-of-cell Delineation errors.
LCD Errors: Total number of Loss of Cell Delineation.
Total Cells: Total number of cells.
Data Cells: Total number of data cells.
Bit Errors: Total number of bit errors.
Total ES: Total Number of Errored Seconds.
Total SES: Total Number of Severely Errored Seconds.
Total UAS: Total Number of Unavailable Seconds.
xDSL BER Test: Click this button to start a bit Error Rate Test. The ADSL Bit Error Rate (BER) test
determines the quality of the ADSL connection. The test is done by transferring idle cells containing
a known pattern and comparing the received data with this known pattern to check for any errors.
Select the Tested Time(sec), press Start to start test.
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When it is OK, the following test result window will appear. You can view the quality of ADSL
connection. Here the connection is OK.
Reset: Click this button to reset the statistics.
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Bandwidth Usage
Bandwidth Usage provides users direct view of bandwidth usage with simple diagram. Bandwidth
usage shows the use of the bandwidth from two angles: Transmitted and Received, giving users a
clear idea of the usage.
LAN
Note: P4 can be configured as EWAN, and when the device is in EWAN profile, there is no
P4/EWAN interface as P4 is working as a WAN port.
Press View LAN Transmitted button to change the diagram to the statistics from a Received Bytes
means Ethernet port #3, and the traffic information of the port #3 is identified with
of view. (Note:
green, the same color with P3 in the diagram; other ports all take the same mechanism.)
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When you press View WAN Traffic concurrently button, the WAN Bandwidth Usage pops up so
that users can view the WAN traffic concurrently.
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WAN Service
Press View WAN Transmitted button to change the diagram to the statistics from a Received Bytes
of view.
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Press View LAN Traffic concurrently button to directly switch to the LAN Bandwidth Usage page
to view the LAN traffic concurrently.
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Route
Destination: The IP address of destination network.
Gateway: The IP address of the gateway this route uses.
Subnet Mask: The destination subnet mask.
Flag: Show the status of the route.
 U: Show the route is activated or enabled.
 H (host): destination is host not the subnet.
 G: Show that the outside gateway is needed to forward packets in this route.
 R: Show that the route is reinstated from dynamic routing.
 D: Show that the route is dynamically installed by daemon or redirecting.
 M: Show the route is modified from routing daemon or redirect.
Metric: Display the number of hops counted as the Metric of the route.
Service: Display the service that this route uses.
Interface: Display the existing interface this route uses.
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ARP
This section displays the router’s ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) Table, which shows the
mapping of Internet (IP) addresses to Ethernet (MAC) addresses. This is useful as a quick way of
determining the MAC address of the network interface of your PCs to use with the router’s Security
– MAC Filtering function. Here IPv6 Neighbor Table, listed with IPv6 address-MAC mapping, is
supported.
ARP table
IP Address: Shows the IP Address of the device that the MAC address maps to.
Flag: Shows the current status of the ARP entries.

Complete: the route resolving is processing well.

M(Marked as permanent entry): the route is permanent.

P (publish entry): publish this route item.
MAC Address: Shows the MAC address that is corresponded to the IP address of the device it is
mapped to.
Device: here refers to the physical interface, it is a concept to identify Clients from LAN or WAN. For
example, the Clients in LAN, here displays “br0”.
Mark: Show clearly the SSID (WLAN) the device is in.
Neighbor Cache Table
IPv6 address: Shows the IPv6 Address of the device that the MAC address maps to.
MAC Address: Shows the MAC address that is corresponded to the IPv6 address of the device it is
mapped to.
Device: here refers to the physical interface, it is a concept to identify Clients from LAN or WAN. For
example, the Clients in LAN, here displays “br0”.
Mark: Show clearly the SSID (WLAN) the device is in.
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DHCP
The DHCP Table lists the DHCP lease information for all IP addresses assigned by the DHCP server
in the device.
Host Name: The Host Name of DHCP client.
MAC Address: The MAC Address of internal DHCP client host.
IP Address: The IP address which is assigned to the host with this MAC address.
Expires in: Show the remaining time after registration.
Mark: Show clearly the SSID (WLAN) the device is in.
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Log
System Log
Display system logs accumulated up to the present time. You can trace historical information with
this function. And the log policy can be configured in Configure Log section.
Refresh: Click to update the system log.
Clear: Click to clear the current log from the screen.
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Security Log
Security log displays the message logged about security, like filter messages and some firewall
message. You can turn to IP Filtering Outgoing, IP Filtering Incoming, URL Filter to determine if you
want to log this information. Also you can turn to Configure Log section below to determine the level
to log the message. You can use this to track potential threats to your system and network.
Refresh: Click to update the system log.
Clear: Click to clear the current log from the screen.
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Quick Start
Quick Start
This part allows you to quickly configure and connect your router to internet.
DSL mode (ADSL mode, please choose ATM; VDSL, please choose PTM)
Here take ADSL for example.
1. Select DSL, press Continue to go on to next step.
2. Enter the username, password from your ISP, for IP and DNS settings; also refer to your ISP.
Here IPv6 service is enabled by default.
If the DLS line is not synchronized, the page will pop up warning of the DSL connection failure.
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3. Wait while the device is configured.
4. WAN port configuration is successful.
5. After the configuration is successful, click Next to Wireless button and you may proceed to
configure the Wireless setting. Here you can set to activate wireless and set the SSID and
encryption Key (1. Leave it empty to disable the wireless security; 2. Fill in the Key, and the
encryption mode will be WPA2-PSK/AES).
6. Success.
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If Quick Start is finished, user can turn to Status > Summary to see the basic information.
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Ethernet mode
1. Select Ethernet, press Continue to go on to next step.
2. Enter the username, password from your ISP, for IP and DNS settings; also refer to your ISP.
Here IPv6 service is enabled by default.
3. Wait while the device is configured.
4. WAN port configuration is successful.
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5. After the configuration is successful, click Next to Wireless button and you may proceed to
configure the Wireless setting. In Quick Start part, users can only enable or disable the wireless and
the exact SSID and encryption Key (1. Leave it empty to disable the wireless security; 2. Fill in the
Key, and the encryption mode will be WPA2-PSK/AES). For detail setting, please go to the Wireless
part in this Manual.
6.Success.
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Configuration
When you click this item, the column will expand to display the sub-items that will allow you to further
configure your router.
LAN, Wireless, WAN, System, USB, IP Tunnel, Security, Quality of Service, NAT and Wake On
LAN.
The function of each configuration sub-item is described in the following sections.
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LAN - Local Area Network
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system network where many computers
are connected. This type of network is area defined and is usually limited to a confined region within
a building.
Ethernet
Parameters
Group Name: This refers to the group you set in Interface Grouping section; you can set the
parameters for the specific group. Select the group via the drop-down box. For more information
please refer to Interface Grouping of this manual.
IP address: the IP address of the router. Default is 192.168.1.254.
Subnet Mask: the default Subnet mask on the router.
IGMP Snooping: Enable or disable the IGMP Snooping function. Without IGMP snooping,
multicast traffic is treated in the same manner as broadcast traffic - that is, it is forwarded to all
ports. With IGMP snooping, multicast traffic of a group is only forwarded to ports that have
members of that group.”
When enabled, you will see two modes:

Standard Mode: In standard mode, multicast traffic will flood to all bridge ports when no
client subscribes to a multicast group.

Blocking Mode: In blocking mode, the multicast data will be blocked when there are no
client subscribes to a multicast group, it won’t flood to the bridge ports.
LAN side firewall: Enable to drop all traffic from the specified LAN group interface. After activating it,
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all incoming packets by default will be dropped, and the user on the specified LAN group interface
can't access CPE anymore. But, you can still access the internet service. If user wants to manage
the CPE, please turn to IP Filtering Incoming to add the allowing rules. Note that all incoming
packets by default will be dropped if the LAN side firewall is enabled and user cannot manage this
CPE from the specified LAN group.
DHCP Server
You can disable or enable the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server or enable the
router’s DHCP relay functions. The DHCP protocol allows your router to dynamically assign IP
addresses to PCs on your network if they are configured to obtain IP addresses automatically.
 Disable
Disable the DHCP Server function.
 Enable
Enable the DHCP function, enter the information wanted. Here as default.
Start IP Address: The start IP address of the range the DHCP Server used to assign to the Clients.
End IP Address: The end IP address f the range the DHCP Server used to assign to the Clients.
Leased Time (hour): The leased time for each DHCP Client.
Option 66: Click Enable to activate DHCP option 66 for some special devices, like IPTV Set Box.
The devices can get firmware or some special service from the TFTP server. User needs to set the
IP or hostname of the TFTP server.
User Router’s setting as DNS server: Select whether to enable use router’s setting as DNS server
to allow different LAN group with different DNS server settings. If enabled, the PCs on the LAN side
obtain the router’s setting as DNS server. If disabled, please specify exactly the primary/secondary
DNS server.
Primary/Secondary DNS server: Specify your primary/secondary DNS server for your LAN devices.
 DHCP Server Relay
DHCP Server IP Address: Please enter the DHCP Server IP address.
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Static IP List
The specified IP will be assigned to the corresponding MAC Address listed in the following table
when DHCP Server assigns IP Addresses to Clients.
Press Add to the Static IP List.
Enter the MAC Address, IP Address, and then click Apply to confirm your settings. But the IP
assigned should be outside the range of 192.168.1.100-192.168.1.199.
IP Alias
This function allows the creation of multiple virtual IP interfaces on this router. It helps to connect two
or more local networks to the ISP or remote node.
IP Alias: Check whether to enable this function.
IP Address: Specify an IP address on this virtual interface.
Subnet Mask: Specify a subnet mask on this virtual interface.
Click Apply to apply your settings.
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IPv6 Autoconfig
The IPv6 address composes of two parts, the prefix and the interface ID.
There are two ways to dynamically configure IPv6 address on hosts. One is “stateful” configuration,
for example using DHCPv6 (which resembles its counterpart DHCP in IPv4.) In the stateful autoconfiguration model, hosts obtain interface addresses and/or configuration information and
parameters from a DHCPv6 server. The Server maintains a database that keeps track of which
addresses have been assigned to which hosts.
The second way is “stateless” configuration. Stateless auto-configuration requires no manual
configuration of hosts, minimal (if any) configuration of routers, and no additional servers. The
stateless mechanism allows a host to generate its own addresses using a combination of locally
available information (MAC address) and information (prefix) advertised by routers. Routers
advertise prefixes that identify the subnet(s) associated with a link, while hosts generate an
"interface identifier" that uniquely identifies an interface on a subnet. An address is formed by
combining the two. When using stateless configuration, you needn’t configure anything on the client.
Group Name: Here group refers to the group you set in Interface Grouping section, you can set
the parameters for the specific group. Select the group by the drop-down box. For more
information please refer to Interface Grouping of this manual.
Static LAN IPv6 Address Configuration
Interface Address / Prefix Length: Enter the static LAN IPv6 address.
IPv6 LAN application
DHCPv6 Server: Check whether to enable DHCPv6 server.
DHCPv6 Server Type: Select Stateless or Stateful. When DHCPv6 is enabled, this parameter is
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available. Stateless: If selected, the PCs in LAN are configured through RA mode, thus, the PCs in
LAN are configured through RA mode, to obtain the prefix message and generate an address using
a combination of locally available information (MAC address) and information (prefix) advertised by
routers, but they can obtain such information like DNS from DHCPv6 Server. Stateful: if selected,
the PCs in LAN will be configured like in IPv4 mode, thus obtain addresses and DNS information
from DHCPv6 server.
Start interface ID: Enter the start interface ID. The IPv6 address composed of two parts, thus, the
prefix and the interface ID. Interface is like the Host ID compared to IPv4.
End interface ID: Enter the end interface ID.
Note: Interface ID does NOT support ZERO COMPRESSION "::". Please enter the complete
information.
For example: Please enter "0:0:0:2" instead of "::2".
Leased Time (hour): The leased time, similar to leased time in DHCPv4, is a time limit assigned to
clients, when expires, the assigned ID will be recycled and reassigned.
Issue Router Advertisement: Check whether to enable issue Router Advertisement feature. It is to
send Router Advertisement messages periodically.
ULA Prefix Advertisement: Enable this parameter to include the ipv6 ULA address in the RA
messages. ULA, unique local address, is an IPv6 address in the block fc00::/7. It is approximately
the IPv6 counterpart of the IPv4 private address. They are not routable in the global IPv6 Internet.
RADVD Type: The way that ULA prefix is generated.

Randomly Generated

Statically Configured: select to set manually in the following parameters.
Prefix: Set the prefix manually.
Preferred Life Time: The ULA prefix life time. When the time is over, the ULA prefix is invalid any
more, -1 means no limit.
Valid Life Time: It is a time threshold, when the time is over, clients should obtain new IPv6 address
from the router through RA; -1 means to be limitless.
MLD snooping: Similar to IGMP snooping, listens in on the MLD conversation between hosts and
routers by processing MLD packets sent in a multicast network, and it analyzes all MLD packets
between hosts and the connected multicast routers in the network. Without MLD snooping, multicast
traffic is treated in the same manner as broadcast traffic - that is, it is forwarded to all ports. With
MLD snooping, multicast traffic of a group is only forwarded to ports that have members of that
group.

Standard Mode: In standard mode, multicast traffic will flood to all bridge ports when no
client subscribes to a multicast group.

Blocking Mode: In blocking mode, the multicast data will be blocked when there is no
client subscribes to a multicast group, it won’t flood to the bridge ports.
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Stateless and Stateful IPv6 address Configuration
Stateless: Two methods can be carried.
 With DHCPv6 disabled, but Issue Router Advertisement Enabled
With this method, the PCs in LAN are configured through RA mode, thus, the PCs in LAN are
configured through RA mode, to obtain the prefix message and generate an address using a
combination of locally available information (MAC address) and information (prefix) advertised by
routers.
 With both DHCPv6 and Issue Router Advertisement Enabled
With this method, the PCs’ addresses in LAN are configured like above method, but they can
obtain such information like DNS from DHCPv6 Server.
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Stateful: two methods can be adopted.

With only DHCPv6 enabled
With this method, the PCs’ addresses are configured the same as in IPv4, that is addresses are
assigned by DHCPv6 server.
 With both DHCPv6 and Issue Router Advertisement Enabled
With this method, the PCs’ addresses are configured the same like above, and the address
information in RA packets will be neglected.
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Interface Grouping
Interface grouping is a function to group interfaces, known as VLAN. A Virtual LAN, commonly known
as a VLAN, is a group of hosts with the common set of requirements that communicate as if they were
attached to the same broadcast domain, regardless of the physical location. A VLAN has the same
attributes as a physical LAN, but it allows for end stations to be grouped together even if they are not
located on the same network switch.
Each group will perform as an independent network. To support this feature, you must create
mapping groups with appropriate LAN and WAN interfaces using the Add button.
(Please Note: P4 can be configured as EWAN, and when the device is in EWAN profile, there is no
P4/EWAN interface as P4 is working as a WAN port.)
Groups Isolation: If enabled, devices in one group are not able to access those in the other group.
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Click Add to add groups.
Group Name: Type a group name.
Grouped WAN Interfaces: Select from the box the WAN interface you want to applied in the group.
Grouped LAN Interfaces: Select the LAN interfaces you want to group as a single group from
Available LAN Interfaces.
Automatically Add Clients with following DHCP Vendor IDs: Enter the DHCP Vendor IDs for
which you want the Clients automatically added into the group. DHCP vendor ID (DHCP 60) is an
Authentication for DHCP Messages.
Click Apply to confirm your settings and your added group will be listed in the Interface Grouping
table below.
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In group "test", P2 and PPP0.1 are grouped in one group, they have their only network , see LAN.
If you want to remove the group, check the box as the following and press Remove.
Note: If you like to automatically add LAN clients to a WAN Interface in the new group add the
DHCP vendor ID string.
By configuring a DHCP vendor ID string any DHCP client request with the specified vendor
ID (DHCP option 60) will be denied an IP address from the local DHCP server.
If a vendor ID is configured for a specific client device, please REBOOT the client device
attached to the modem to allow it to obtain an appropriate IP address.
Each LAN interface can only be added into one group and one WAN interface can only be
used in one group.
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Wireless
This section provides you ways to configure wireless access, including sub-items Basic, Security,
MAC Filter, Wireless Bridge, Advanced, Station Info and Schedule Control here.
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Basic
It let you determine whether to enable Wireless function and set the basic parameters of an AP and
the Virtual APs.
Wireless: Default setting is set to Enable. If you do not have any wireless devices, check the
checkbox again to unselect.
Hide SSID: It is function in which transmits its SSID to the air so that when wireless client searches
for a network, router can then be discovered and recognized. Check the checkbox to determine
whether you want to hide SSID.
Clients Isolation: if you enabled this function, then each of your wireless clients will not be able to
communicate with each other.
Disable WMM Advertise: Stop the router from ‘advertising’ its Wireless Multimedia (WMM)
functionality, which provides basic quality of service for time-sensitive applications (e.g. VoIP, Video).
Check to disable or enable this function.
Wireless multicast Forwarding (WMF): check to enable or disable wireless multicast forwarding.
SSID: The SSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) to be distinguished from another.
For security purpose, change the default Billion-8800NL to a unique ID name to the AP already
built-in to the router’s wireless interface. It is case sensitive and must not excess 32 characters.
Make sure your wireless clients have exactly the SSID as the device, in order to get connected to
your network.
Note: SSID is case sensitive and must not exceed 32 characters.
BSSID: Basic Set Service Identifier, it is a local managed IEEE MAC address, and is 48 bits value.
Country: Different countries have different wireless band resources, so you can select the
appropriate Country according to your location.
Max Clients: enter the number of max clients the wireless network can supports,1-16.
Guest/virtual Access Points: A “Virtual Access Point” is a logical entity that exists within a physical
Access Point (AP). When a single physical AP supports multiple “Virtual APs”, each Virtual AP
appears to stations (STAs) to be an independent physical AP, even though only a single physical AP
is present. For example, multiple Virtual APs might exist within a single physical AP, each advertising
a distinct SSID and capability set. Alternatively, multiple Virtual APs might advertise the same SSID
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but a different capability set – allowing access to be provided via Web Portal, WEP, and WPA
simultaneously. Where APs are shared by multiple providers, Virtual APs provide each provider with
separate authentication and accounting data for their users, as well as diagnostic information,
without sharing sensitive management traffic or data between providers. You can enable the virtual
AP.
Here you can enable some Virtual APs according to the request. And the other parameters of virtual
APs are the same to the above.
Click Apply to apply your settings.
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Security
Wireless security prevents unauthorized access or damage to computers using wireless network.
Note:
The WPS feature will also be unavailable when the security setting is not WPA2 or OPEN. So, if you
manually set the wireless security setting, you should give notice to it, but you can find prompt
indicating configuration.
Manual Setup AP
Select SSID: select the SSID you want these settings apply to.
Network Authentication

Open
WEP Encryption: Select to enable or disable WEP Encryption. Here select Enable.
Encryption Strength: Select the strength, 128-bit or 64-bit.
Current Network Key: Select the one to be the current network key. Please refer to key 1- 4 below.
Network Key (1- 4): Enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal digits for 128-bit encryption keys.
Enter 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal digits for 64-bit encryption keys.
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
Shared
This is similar to network authentication ‘Open’. But here the WEP Encryption must be enabled.

802.1x
RADIUS Server IP Address: RADIUS( Remote Authentication Dial In User Service), Enter the
IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here.
RADIUS Key: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
WEP Encryption: Select to enable or disable WEP Encryption. Here select Enable.
Current Network Key: Select the one to be the current network key. Please refer to key 2- 3 below.
Network Key (1- 4): Enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal digits for 128-bit encryption keys.
Enter 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal digits for 64-bit encryption keys.
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
WPA
WPA Group ReKey Internal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). This is in seconds.
RADIUS Server IP Address: RADIUS( Remote Authentication Dial In User Service), Enter the
IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here.
RADIUS Key: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
WPA/WAPI Encryption: There are two Algorithms, AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) and
TKIP(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) which help to protect the wireless communication.

WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK
WPA/WAPI passphrase: Enter the WPA.WAPI passphrase; you can click here to display to view it.
WPA Group ReKey Internal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). This is in seconds.
WPA/WAPI Encryption: There are two Algorithms, AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) and
TKIP(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) which help to protect the wireless communication.
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
WPA2
WPA2 Preauthentication: When a wireless client wants to handoff to another AP, with
preauthentication, it can perform 802.1X authentication to the new AP, and when handoff happens,
this mode will help reduce the association time.
Network Re-auth Interval: the interval for network Re-authentication. This is in seconds.
WPA Group ReKey Internal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). This is in seconds.
RADIUS Server IP Address: RADIUS( Remote Authentication Dial In User Service), Enter the
IP address of RADIUS authentication server. This is in seconds.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here.
RADIUS Key: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
WPA/WAPI Encryption: There are two Algorithms, AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) and
TKIP(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) which help to protect the wireless communication.

Mixed WPA2/WPA
WPA2 Preauthentication: When a wireless client wants to handoff to another AP, with
preauthentication, it can perform 802.1X authentications to the new AP, and when handoff happens,
this mode will help reduce the association time used.
Network Re-auth Interval: the interval for network Re-authentication. The unit is second.
WPA Group ReKey Internal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). This is in seconds.
RADIUS Server IP Address: RADIUS( Remote Authentication Dial In User Service), Enter the
IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here.
RADIUS Key: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
WPA/WAPI Encryption: There are two Algorithms, AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) and
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TKIP(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) which help to protect the wireless communication.

Mixed WPA2/WPA-PSk
WPA/WAPI passphrase: enter the WPA.WAPI passphrase, you can click here to display to view it.
WPA Group ReKey Internal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). The unit is second.
WPA/WAPI Encryption: There are two Algorithms, AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) and
TKIP(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) which help to protect the wireless communication.
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WPS Setup
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) feature is a standard protocol created by Wi-Fi Alliance. WPS is used
to exchange the AP setting with Station and configure Ap settings. This feature greatly simplifies the
steps needed to create a Wi-Fi network for a residential or an office setting. The commonly known
PIN method is supported to configure WPS.
WPS: Select enable to enable WPS function. Please note that WPS can only be available when
WPA2-PSK or OPEN mode is configured.
Note:
1) WPS feature is only available when in WPA2 or OPEN mode in security settings.
2) Here wireless can be configured as Registrar and Enrollee mode respectively. When AP is
configured as Registrar, you should select “Configured” in the WPS AP Mode below, and default
WPS AP Mode is “Configured”. When AP is configured as Enrollee, the WPS AP Mode below
should be changed to “Unconfigured”. Follow the following steps.
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Configure AP as Registrar
Add Enrollee with PIN method
1. Select radio button “Enter STA PIN”.
2. Input PIN from Enrollee Station (16837546 in this example), Or else users can alternatively
enter the authorized station MAC Help: it is to help users to understand the concept and correct
operation.
3. Click
.
(Station PIN)
(Station MAC)
Note: Users can alternatively input PIN from Enrollee Station or enter the authorized station MAC.
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4. Operate Station to start WPS Adding Enrollee. Launch the wireless client’s WPS utility (eg.Ralink
Utility). Set the Config Mode as Enrollee, press the WPS button on the top bar, select the AP (eg.
Billion-8800NL) from the WPS AP List column. Then press the PIN button located on the middle
left of the page to run the scan.
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4. The client’s SSID and security settings will now be configured to match the SSID and security
settings of the registrar.
You can check the message in the red ellipse with the security parameters you set, here we all use
the default.
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Configure AP as Enrollee
Add Registrar with PIN Method
1. Set AP to “Unconfigured Mode”.
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2. Launch the wireless client’s WPS utility (eg. Ralink Utility). Set the Config Mode as Registrar.
Enter the PIN number (10864111 (device) for example) in the PIN Code column then choose the
correct AP (eg. Billion-8800NL) from the WPS AP List section before pressing the PIN button to run
the scan.
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3. The router’s (AP’s) SSID and security setting will now be configured to match the SSID and
security setting of the registrar.
4. Do Web Page refresh after ER complete AP Configuration to check the new parameters setting.
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MAC Filter
Select SSID: Select the SSID you want this filter applies to.
MAC Restrict Mode:
 Disable: disable the MAC Filter function.
 Allow: allow the hosts with the following listed MACs to access the wireless network.
 Deny: deny the hosts with the following listed MACs to access the wireless network.
Click Add to add the MACs.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address(es) or select the MAC address(es). The format of MAC
address could be: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx or xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx.
Click Apply to apply your settings and the item will be listed below.
.
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Wireless Bridge
WDS (wireless distributed system) is a wireless access point mode that enables wireless link and
communication with other access points. It’s easy to install, simply define the peer’s MAC address of
the connected AP. WDS takes advantage of cost saving and flexibility with no extra wireless client
device required to bridge between two access points and extending an existing wired or wireless
infrastructure network to create a larger network.
Here you can select what role the AP server has, AP or wireless bridge (WDS).
AP Mode: determines whether the gateway will act as an Access point or as a Bridge.
 Access Point: the gateway communicates with both clients and bridges.
 Wireless Bridge: the gateway communicates with other WDS devices only. In this mode, the
gateway doesn’t communicate with client devices.
If your wireless network includes repeaters that use WDS, the gateway in wireless bridge mode will
also communicate with your repeaters. The gateway in wireless bridge mode will not communicate
with a repeater that uses a proprietary (non-WDS) mode.
Bridge Restrict: When AP Mode is set to Wireless Bridge, this determines whether the gateway
will communicate with all other bridges or only specific ones:

Enable: to enable wireless bridge restriction. Only those specified in the Remote MAC
Address the gateway can communicate with.
Remote Bridge MAC Address: enter the remote bridge MAC addresses. Here up to 4 bridge
MAC addresses are supported.

Enabled (Scan): to enable wireless bridge restriction. Only those scanned by the gateway
can communicate.
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Remote Bridge MAC Address: select the remote bridge MAC addresses.

Disable: Does not restrict the gateway communicating with bridges that have their MAC
address listed, but it is still open to communicate with all bridges that are in the same network.
Click Apply to apply your settings.
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Advanced
Here users can set some advanced parameters about wireless.
Band: select frequency band. Here 2.4GHz.
Channel: Allows channel selection of a specific channel (1-7) or Auto mode.
Scan Used Channel: Press the button to scan and list all channels being used.
Auto Channel Timer (min): The auto channel times length it takes to scan in minutes. Only
available for auto channel mode.
802.11n/EWC: select to auto enable or disable 802.11n.
Bandwidth: Select bandwidth. The higher the bandwidth the better the performance will be.
Control Sideband: only available for 40MHz. It allows you to select upper sideband or lower
sideband. Sideband refers to the frequency band either above (upper sideband) or below (lower
sideband) the carrier frequency, within which fall the spectral components produced by modulation
of a carrier wave.
802.11n Rate: This allows you to select the fixed transmission rate or auto.
802.11n Protection: turn off for maximize throughput. Auto for greater security.
Support 802.11n Client Only: turn on the option to only provide wireless access to the clients
operating at 802.11n speeds.
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RIFS Advertisement: Reduced Inter-frame Spacing (RIFS) is a 802.11n feature that also improves
performance by reducing the amount of dead time required between OFDM transmissions. Select
Off to disable this function or auto to enable this function.
OBSS Co-Existence: coexistence (or not) between 20 MHZ and 40 MHZ overlapping basic service
sets (OBSS) in wireless local area networks.
RX Chain Power Save: Enabling this feature turns off one of the Receive chains, going from 2x2 to
2x1 to save power.
RX Chain Power Save Quiet Time: The number of seconds the traffic must be below the PPS
value before the Rx Chain Power Save feature activates itself.
RX Chain Power Save PPS: The maximum number of packets per seconds that can be processed
by the WLAN interface for a duration of Quiet Time, described above, before the Rx Chain Power
Save feature activates itself.
Multicast Rate: Setting for multicast packets transmission rate.
Basic Rate: Setting for basic transmission rate. It is not a specific kind of rate, it is a series of rates
supported. When set to Default, the router can transmit with all kinds of standardized rates.
Fragmentation Threshold: A threshold (in bytes) whether the packets will be fragmented and at
what size. Packets succeeding the fragmentation threshold of 802.11n WLAN will be split into
smaller units suitable for circuit size. While the packets smaller than fragmentation threshold will not
be fragmented. Default is 2346, setting the fragmentation too low may result in poor performance.
RTS Threshold: Request to Send (RTS) threshold specifies the packet size, when exceeds the size,
the RTS/CTS will be triggered. The default setting of 2347(max length) will disable the RTS.
DTIM Interval: Delivery Traffic Indication Message (DTIM). The entry range is a value between 1
and 255. A DTIM is countdown variable that informs clients of the next window for listening to
broadcast and multicast messages. When the AP has buffered broadcast or multicast messages for
associated clients, it sends the next DTIM with a DTIM interval value. AP clients hear the beacons
and awaken to receive the broadcast and multicast messages. The default is 1.
Beacon Interval: The amount of time between beacon transmissions in is milliseconds. The default
is 100ms and the acceptable is 1- 65535. The beacon transmissions identify the presence of an
access point.
Global Max Clients: Here you have the option of setting the limit of the number of clients who can
connect to your wireless network.
XPress™ Technology: It has been designed to improve the wireless network efficiency. Default is
disabled.
Transmit Power: select the transmitting power of your wireless signal.
WMM (Wi-Fi Multimedia): you can choose to enable or disable this function which allows for priority
of certain data over wireless network.
WMM No Acknowledgement: Refers to the acknowledge policy at the MAC level. Enabling WMM
No Acknowledgement can result in more efficient throughput but higher error rates in noisy Radio
Frequency (RF) environment.
WMM APSD: Automatic Power Save Delivery. Enable this to save power.
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Station Info
Here you can view information about the wireless clients.
MAC Address: The MAC address of the wireless clients.
Associated: List all the stations that are associated with the Access Point. If a station is idle for too
long, it is removed from this list
Authorized: List those devices with authorized access.
SSID: Show the current SSID of the client.
Interface: To show which interface the wireless client is connected to.
Refresh: To get the latest information.
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Schedule Control
Schedule control is aimed to offer methods to flexibly control when the wireless network (SSID) is
allowed for access.
The Wireless schedule only functions whilst Wireless is enabled.
The Guest/Virtual AP schedule control only operates whilst the associated AP is enabled.
For detail setting the timeslot, user can turn to Time Schedule .
Time Schedule: Set when the SSID works. If user wants the SSID works all the time, please select
“Always On”; if not, please set or select the exact time your want the SSID works. Here user can set
two separate intervals.
For example: user wants the SSID “wlan-ap-2.4g” to work on weekdays except for Wednesday,
under this circumstance, user can set as shown below. (8800NL offers a optimal way to set two
separate timeslots when user needs to activate the SSID during separate intervals. )
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WAN-Wide Area Network
A WAN (Wide Area Network) is a computer network that covers a broad geographical area (eg.
Internet) that is used to connect LAN and other types of network systems.
WAN Service
Three WAN interfaces are provided for WAN connection: DSL (ADSL/VDSL), and Ethernet.
Click Add to add new WAN connections.

DSL
In DSL mode, there are two transfer modes for you to configure for WAN connection, namely ATM
(ADSL) and PTM (VDSL) configuration of PTM mode is similar as ATM mode, here take ATM mode
WAN configuration for example.
Layer2 Interface: 2 transfer mode, ATM (ADSL) or PTM (ADSL).
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PPPoE
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) provides access control in a manner which is similar to dial-up services
using PPP.
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI/VCI combination from you ISP.
Encapsulation Mode: Select the encapsulation mode, LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, or VC/MUX.
Description: User-defined description for the connection, commonly for friendly use.
802.1P Priority: The parameter indicates the frame priority level from 0 (lowest) to 7 (highest), which
can be used to prioritize different classes of traffic (voice, video, data, etc). Enter the priority
identification, tagged: 0-1, untagged: -1.
802.1Q VLAN ID: It is a parameter to specify the VLAN which the frame belongs. Enter the VLAN ID
identification, tagged: 0-4094, untagged : -1.
Username: Enter the account obtained from the ISP.
Password: Enter the password obtained from the ISP.
Service Name: The item is for identification purposes, user can define this.
Authentication Method: Default is Auto. Or else your ISP will advise you the appropriate mode.
Firewall: Enable to drop all traffic from WAN side. If enabled, all incoming packets by default would
be dropped, and please turn to IP Filtering Incoming to add allowing rules.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled. When enabled, a Fullcone
NAT parameter will appear, you can determine whether to enable Fullcone NAT. While only NAT
enabled, the default NAT type Port-Restricted cone NAT will be used.
Fullcone NAT: Enable or disable fullcone NAT. Fullcone is a kind of NAT, in this mode, all requests
from the same internal IP address and port are mapped to the same external IP address and port.
Furthermore, any external host can send a packet to the internal host, by sending a packet to the
mapped external address.
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Note: In PPPoE connection, NAT is enabled by default, you can determine whether to enable
Fullcone NAT or disable Fullcone NAT and only use NAT, the default NAT type is Port Restricted
cone NAT. Of Port-Restricted cone NAT, the restriction includes port numbers. Specifically, an
external host can send a packet, with source IP address X and source port P, to the internal host
only if the internal host had previously sent a packet to IP address X and port P
IPv4 Address: Select whether to set static IPv4 address or obtain automatically.
IP Address: If Static is enabled in the above field, enter the static IPv4 address get from the ISP.
Dial on demand: It is a parameter to let users to dial for connection to internet themselves. It is
useful when saving internet fees.
Inactivity Timeout: The set Inactivity timeout period, unit: minutes. It is combined use with Dial on
Demand, users should specify the concrete time interval for dial on demand.
IPv6 for this service: Enable to use IPv6 service.
IPv6 Address: Select whether to set static IPv6 address or obtain automatically.
IP Address: If Static is enabled in the above field, enter the static IPv4 address.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit, the size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
PPPoE with Pass-through: Enable or disable PPPoE pass-through. If it is enabled, PCs behind the
router can dial itself.
IGMP Multicast Proxy: Check whether to enable this feature. IGMP (Internet Group Management
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the IGMP request from Clients and set up the multicast-forwarding table,
it takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
MLD Multicast Proxy: check whether to enable this function. MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the MLD request from Clients a set up the multicast-forwarding table. it
takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
Support MLDv1 and MLDv2.
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Click Next to continue to set the default gateway and DNS for IPv4 and IPv6.
Default Gateway
Select default gateway for you connection (IPv4 and IPv6).
DNS
 IPv4
Three ways to set an IPv4 DNS server
 Available WAN interfaces: Select a desirable WAN interface as the IPv4 DNS server.
 Static DNS Address: To specify DNS server manually by entering your primary and
secondary DNS server addresses.
 Parental Controls: If user registers and gets a DNS account in the parental control provider
website, expecting to enjoy a more reliable and safer internet surfing environment, please
select this option (need to configure at Parental Control Provider).
 IPv6
Obtain IPv6 DNS info from a WAN interface
WAN Interface selected: Select one configured IPv6 WAN connection from the menu to be as an
IPv6 DNS.
Static DNS IPv6 Address
Primary IPv6 DNS Server / Secondary IPv6 DNS Server: Type the specific primary and secondary
IPv6 DNS Server address.
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If you don’t need a service, select the item you want to remove, check the checkbox, then press
Remove.
Press Edit button to re-edit this service settings.
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Here you can configure WAN Service, if it is OK, you can access the internet. You can go to Status
>WAN or Summary to view the WAN connection information (if your ISP provides IPv6 service, then
you will obtain an IPv6 address).
(IPv4 or IPv6)
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PPPoA
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI/VCI combination from you ISP.
Encapsulation Mode: Select the encapsulation mode, LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, or VC/MUX.
Description: User-defined description for the connection.
Username: Enter the account obtained from the ISP.
Password: Enter the password obtained from the ISP.
Authentication Method: Default is Auto. Or else your ISP will advise you the appropriate mode.
Firewall: Enable to drop all traffic from WAN side. If enabled, all incoming packets by default would
be dropped, and please turn to IP Filtering Incoming to add allowing rules.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled. When enabled, a Fullcone
NAT parameter will appear, you can determine whether to enable Fullcone NAT. While only NAT
enabled, the default NAT type Port-Restricted cone NAT will be used.
Fullcone NAT: Enable or disable fullcone NAT. Fullcone is a kind of NAT, in this mode, all requests
from the same internal IP address and port are mapped to the same external IP address and port.
Furthermore, any external host can send a packet to the internal host, by sending a packet to the
mapped external address.
Note: In this connection, NAT is enabled by default, you can determine whether to enable Fullcone
NAT or disable Fullcone NAT and only use NAT, the default NAT type is Port Restricted cone NAT.
With Port-Restricted cone NAT, the restriction includes port numbers. Specifically, an external host
can send a packet, with source IP address X and source port P, to the internal host only if the
internal host had previously sent a packet to IP address X and port P
IPv4 Address: Select whether to set static IPv4 address or obtain automatically.
IP Address: If Static is enabled in the above field, enter the static IPv4 address get from the ISP.
Dial on demand: It is a parameter to let users to dial for connection to internet themselves. It is
useful when saving internet fees.
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Inactivity Timeout: The set Inactivity timeout period, unit: minutes. It is combined use with Dial on
Demand, users should specify the concrete time interval for dial on demand.
IPv6 for this service: Enable to use IPv6 service.
IPv6 Address: Select whether to set static IPv6 address or obtain automatically.
IP Address: If Static is enabled in the above field, enter the static IPv4 address.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit, the size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
IGMP Multicast Proxy: Check whether to enable this feature. IGMP (Internet Group Management
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the IGMP request from Clients and set up the multicast-forwarding table,
it takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
MLD Multicast Proxy: check whether to enable this function. MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the MLD request from Clients a set up the multicast-forwarding table. it
takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
Support MLDv1 and MLDv2.
Click Next to continue to set the default gateway and DNS for IPv4 and IPv6.
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IP over Ethernet
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI/VCI combination from you ISP.
Encapsulation Mode: Select the encapsulation mode, LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, or VC/MUX.
Description: User-defined description for the connection, commonly for friendly use.
Authentication Method: Default is Auto. Or else your ISP will advise you the appropriate mode.
802.1P Priority: The parameter indicates the frame priority level from 0 (lowest) to 7 (highest), which
can be used to prioritize different classes of traffic (voice, video, data, etc). Enter the priority
identification, tagged: 0-1, untagged: -1.
802.1Q VLAN ID: It is a parameter to specify the VLAN which the frame belongs. Enter the VLAN ID
identification, tagged: 0-4094, untagged : -1.
Here two modes are supported for users to deal with the IP and DNS. You can select obtain
automatically or manually input the information according to your ISP.
Obtain an IP address automatically: Check whether to enable this function.
Option 60 Vendor ID: Enter the associated information by your ISP. This option is used by DHCP
clients to optionally identify the vendor type and configuration of a DHCP client. The information is a
string of n octets, interpreted by servers. Vendors may choose to define specific vendor class
identifiers to convey particular configuration or other identification information about a client.
Option 61 ClientID: Enter the associated information provided by your ISP.
Option 125: Option 125 is a complementary standard of DHCP protocol, it is used to encapsulate
option 125 message into DHCP offer packet before forward it to clients. After the clients receive the
packet, it check the option 125 field in the packet with the prestored message, if it is matched, then
the client accepts this offer, otherwise it will be abandoned. Check Enable or Disable this function.
Default setting is Disable.
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WAN IP Address: Enter your IPv4 address to the device provided by your ISP.
WAN Subnet Mask: Enter your submask to the device provided by your ISP.
WAN gateway IP Address: Enter your gateway IP address to the device provided by your ISP.
IPv6 for this service: Enable to use IPv6 service.
Obtain an IPv6 address automatically: check whether to enable or disable this feature.
WAN IPv6 Address/Prefix Length: Enter the WAN IPv6 Address/Prefix Length from your ISP.
WAN Next-Hop IPv6 Address: Enter the WAN Next-Hop IPv6 Address from your ISP.
Note: If you don’t know well about the DHCP Option, you can leave it empty or leave it as default.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled. When enabled, a Fullcone
NAT parameter will appear, you can determine whether to enable Fullcone NAT. While only NAT
enabled, the default NAT type Port-Restricted cone NAT will be used.
Fullcone NAT: Enable or disable fullcone NAT. Fullcone is a kind of NAT, in this mode, all requests
from the same internal IP address and port are mapped to the same external IP address and port.
Furthermore, any external host can send a packet to the internal host, by sending a packet to the
mapped external address.
Firewall: Enable to drop all traffic from WAN side. If enabled, all incoming packets by default would
be dropped, and please turn to IP Filtering Incoming to add allowing rules.
IGMP Multicast: IGMP (Internet Group Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to
report their multicast group memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast routers. Check
this item to enable IGMP multicast on that WAN interface for multicast forwarding.
MLD Multicast Proxy: check whether to enable this function. MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the MLD request from Clients a set up the multicast-forwarding table. it
takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
Support MLDv1 and MLDv2.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit, the size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service providers specifying some specific MAC
allowed for joining network. You must fill in the MAC address specified by your service provider
when this information is required.
Click Next to continue to set the default gateway and DNS for IPv4 and IPv6.
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IPoA
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI/VCI combination from you ISP.
Encapsulation Mode: Select the encapsulation mode, LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, or VC/MUX.
Description: User-defined description for the connection, commonly for friendly use.
WAN IP: Enter the WAN IP from the ISP.
WAN Subnet Mask: Enter the WAN Subnet Mask from the ISP.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled. When enabled, a Fullcone
NAT parameter will appear, you can determine whether to enable Fullcone NAT. While only NAT
enabled, the default NAT type Port-Restricted cone NAT will be used.
Fullcone NAT: Enable or disable fullcone NAT. Fullcone is a kind of NAT, in this mode, all requests
from the same internal IP address and port are mapped to the same external IP address and port.
Furthermore, any external host can send a packet to the internal host, by sending a packet to the
mapped external address.
Firewall: Enable to drop all traffic from WAN side. If enabled, all incoming packets by default would
be dropped, and please turn to IP Filtering Incoming to add allowing rules.
IGMP Multicast: IGMP (Internet Group Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to
report their multicast group memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast routers. Check
this item to enable IGMP multicast on that WAN interface for multicast forwarding.
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Bridging
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI/VCI combination from you ISP.
Encapsulation Mode: Select the encapsulation mode, LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, or VC/MUX.
Description: User-defined description for the connection, commonly for friendly use.
802.1P Priority: The parameter indicates the frame priority level from 0 (lowest) to 7 (highest), which
can be used to prioritize different classes of traffic (voice, video, data, etc). Enter the priority
identification, tagged: 0-1, untagged: -1.
802.1Q VLAN ID: It is a parameter to specify the VLAN which the frame belongs. Enter the VLAN ID
identification, tagged: 0-4094, untagged : -1.
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
Ethernet
Ethernet WAN connection is well known as directly broadband WAN connection.
PPPoE
Description: User-defined description for the connection, commonly for friendly use.
802.1P Priority: The parameter indicates the frame priority level from 0 (lowest) to 7 (highest), which
can be used to prioritize different classes of traffic (voice, video, data, etc). Enter the priority
identification, tagged: 0-1, untagged: -1.
802.1Q VLAN ID: It is a parameter to specify the VLAN which the frame belongs. Enter the VLAN ID
identification, tagged: 0-4094, untagged : -1.
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Username: Enter the account obtained from the ISP.
Password: Enter the password obtained from the ISP.
Service Name: The item is for identification purpose, user can define it yourselfe.
Authentication Method: Default is Auto. Or else your ISP will advise you the appropriate mode.
Firewall: Enable to drop all traffic from WAN side. If enabled, all incoming packets by default would
be dropped, and please turn to IP Filtering Incoming to add allowing rules.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled. When enabled, a Fullcone
NAT parameter will appear, you can determine whether to enable Fullcone NAT. While only NAT
enabled, the default NAT type Port-Restricted cone NAT will be used.
Fullcone NAT: Enable or disable fullcone NAT. Fullcone is a kind of NAT, in this mode, all requests
from the same internal IP address and port are mapped to the same external IP address and port.
Furthermore, any external host can send a packet to the internal host, by sending a packet to the
mapped external address.
Note: In PPPoE connection, NAT is enabled by default, you can determine whether to enable
Fullcone NAT. and while you disable Fullcone NAT and only use NAT, the default NAT type is Port
Restricted or Port-Restricted cone NAT, the restriction includes port numbers. Specifically, an
external host can send a packet, with source IP address X and source port P, to the internal host
only if the internal host had previously sent a packet to IP address X and port P.
IPv4 Address: Select whether to set static IPv4 address or obtain automatically.
IP Address: If Static is enabled in the above field, enter the static IPv4 address get from the ISP.
Dial on demand: It is a parameter to let users to dial for connection to internet themselves. It is
useful when saving internet fees.
Inactivity Timeout: The set Inactivity timeout period, unit: minutes. It is combined use with Dial on
Demand, users should specify the concrete time interval for dial on demand.
IPv6 for this service: Enable to use IPv6 service.
IPv6 Address: Select whether to set static IPv6 address or obtain automatically.
IP Address: If Static is enabled in the above field, enter the static IPv4 address.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit, the size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
PPPoE with Pass-through: Enable or disable PPPoE pass-through. If it is enabled, PCs behind the
router can dial itself.
IGMP Multicast Proxy: Check whether to enable this feature. IGMP (Internet Group Management
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the IGMP request from Clients and set up the multicast-forwarding table,
it takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
MLD Multicast Proxy: check whether to enable this function. MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the MLD request from Clients a set up the multicast-forwarding table. it
takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
Support MLDv1 and MLDv2.
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Click Next to continue to set the default gateway and DNS for IPv4 and IPv6.
Default Gateway
Select default gateway for you connection (IPv4 and IPv6).
DNS
 IPv4
Three ways to set an IPv4 DNS server
 Available WAN interfaces: Select a desirable WAN interface as the IPv4 DNS server.
 Static DNS Address: To specify DNS server manually by entering your primary and
secondary DNS server addresses.
 Parental Controls: If user registers and gets a DNS account in the parental control provider
website, expecting to enjoy a more reliable and safer internet surfing environment, please
select this option (need to configure at Parental Control Provider).
 IPv6
Obtain IPv6 DNS info from a WAN interface
WAN Interface selected: Select one configured IPv6 WAN connection from the menu to be as an
IPv6 DNS.
Static DNS IPv6 Address
Primary IPv6 DNS Server / Secondary IPv6 DNS Server: Type the specific primary and secondary
IPv6 DNS Server address.
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If you don’t need the service, select the item you want to remove, check the checkbox, then press
Remove, it will be OK.
Press Edit button to re-edit this service settings.
Here the corresponding WAN Service have been configured, if it is OK, you can access the internet.
You can go to Status>WAN or Summary to view the WAN connection information (if your ISP
provides IPv6 service, then you will obtain an IPv6 address).
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IP over Ethernet
Description: User-defined description for the connection, commonly for friendly use.
802.1P Priority: The parameter indicates the frame priority level from 0 (lowest) to 7 (highest), which
can be used to prioritize different classes of traffic (voice, video, data, etc). Enter the priority
identification, tagged: 0-1, untagged: -1.
802.1Q VLAN ID: It is a parameter to specify the VLAN which the frame belongs. Enter the VLAN ID
identification, tagged: 0-4094, untagged : -1.
Here two modes are supported for users to deal with the IP and DNS. You can select obtain
automatically or manually input the information according to your ISP.
Obtain an IP address automatically: Check whether to enable this function.
Option 60 Vendor ID: Enter the associated information by your ISP. This option is used by DHCP
clients to optionally identify the vendor type and configuration of a DHCP client. The information is a
string of n octets, interpreted by servers. Vendors may choose to define specific vendor class
identifiers to convey particular configuration or other identification information about a client.
Option 61 ClientID: Enter the associated information provided by your ISP.
Option 125: Option 125 is a complementary standard of DHCP protocol, it is used to encapsulate
option 125 message into DHCP offer packet before forward it to clients. After the clients receive the
packet, it check the option 125 field in the packet with the pre-stored message, if it is matched, then
the client accepts this offer, otherwise it will be abandoned. Check Enable or Disable this function.
Default setting is Disable.
WAN IP Address: Enter your IPv4 address to the device provided by your ISP.
WAN Subnet Mask: Enter your submask to the device provided by your ISP.
WAN gateway IP Address: Enter your gateway IP address to the device provided by your ISP.
IPv6 for this service: Enable to use IPv6 service.
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Obtain an IPv6 address automatically: check whether to enable or disable this feature.
WAN IPv6 Address/Prefix Length: Enter the WAN IPv6 Address/Prefix Length from your ISP.
WAN Next-Hop IPv6 Address: Enter the WAN Next-Hop IPv6 Address from your ISP.
Note: If you don’t know well about the DHCP Option, you can leave it empty or leave it as default.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled. When enabled, a Fullcone
NAT parameter will appear, you can determine whether to enable Fullcone NAT. While only NAT
enabled, the default NAT type Port-Restricted cone NAT will be used.
Fullcone NAT: Enable or disable fullcone NAT. Fullcone is a kind of NAT, in this mode, all requests
from the same internal IP address and port are mapped to the same external IP address and port.
Furthermore, any external host can send a packet to the internal host, by sending a packet to the
mapped external address.
Firewall: Enable to drop all traffic from WAN side. If enabled, all incoming packets by default would
be dropped, and please turn to IP Filtering Incoming to add allowing rules.
IGMP Multicast: IGMP (Internet Group Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to
report their multicast group memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast routers. Check
this item to enable IGMP multicast on that WAN interface for multicast forwarding.
MLD Multicast Proxy: check whether to enable this function. MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery
Protocol) Proxy intercepts the MLD request from Clients a set up the multicast-forwarding table. it
takes over some of the router’s job, simplifying the router’s job and multicast communication.
Support MLDv1 and MLDv2.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit, the size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service providers specifying some specific MAC
allowed to join in network. You must fill in the MAC address specified by your service provider when
this information is required.
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Bridging
Description: User-defined description for the connection, commonly for friendly use.
802.1P Priority: The parameter indicates the frame priority level from 0 (lowest) to 7 (highest), which
can be used to prioritize different classes of traffic (voice, video, data, etc). Enter the priority
identification, tagged: 0-1, untagged: -1.
802.1Q VLAN ID: It is a parameter to specify the VLAN which the frame belongs. Enter the VLAN ID
identification, tagged: 0-4094, untagged : -1.
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DSL
This screen allows you to set DSL parameters. DSL knowledge is required to configure these
settings. Contact your ISP to make sure that these parameters are correct.
Modulation: There are modes that user can select for this connection modulation.
Phone line pair: This is for reserved only. You can choose "Inner Pair" or "Outer Pair".
Capability: There are 2 options “Bitswap Enable” and “SRA Enable” that user can select for this
connection.

Bitswap Enable: Allows bitswaping function.

SRA Enable: Allows seamless rate adaptation.
PhyR: A new technology to control impulse and noise to improve the BER and DSL data quality.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
Click
to future configure DSL.
Select the Test Mode, or leave it as default.
Tone Selection: This should be left as default or be configured by an advanced user.
The frequency band of ADSL is split up into 256 separate tones, each spaced 4.3125 kHz apart.
With each tone carrying separate data, the technique operates as if 256 separate modems were
running in parallel. The tone range is from 0 to 31 for upstream and from 32 to 255 for
downstream。
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SNR
Signal-to-noise ratio (often abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering
that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise. It is defined as the ratio
of signal power to the noise power.
SNR: Change the value to adjust the DSL link rate, more suitable for an advanced user.
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System
Internet Time
The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Network Time Protocol
(NTP) to get the most current time from an NTP server.
NTP is a protocol for synchronization of computers. It can enable computers synchronize to the NTP
server or clock source with a high accuracy.
Choose the NTP time server from the drop-down menu, if you prefer to specify an NTP server other
than those in the drop-down list, simply enter its IP address in their appropriate blanks provided as
shown above. Your ISP may also provide an SNTP server for you to use.
Choose your local time zone from the drop-down menu. After a successful connection to the Internet,
the router will retrieve the correct local time from the NTP server you have specified. If you prefer to
specify an NTP server other than those in the drop-down list, simply enter its IP address in their
appropriate blanks provided as shown above. Your ISP may also provide an NTP server for you to
use.
Click Apply to apply your settings.
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Firmware Upgrade
Software upgrading lets you experience new and integral functions of your router.
Restart device with:

Factory Default Settings: Restart the device with factory default settings automatically when
finishing upgrading.

Current Settings: Restart the device with the current settings automatically when finishing
upgrading.
Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its functionality.
Think of your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the software it runs. Over time
this software may be improved and revised, and your router allows you to upgrade the software it
runs to take advantage of these changes.
Clicking on Browse will allow you to select the new firmware image file you have downloaded to
your PC. Once the correct file is selected, click Upgrade to update the firmware in your router.
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Backup / Update
These functions allow you to save and backup your router’s current settings to a file on your PC, or
to restore from a previously saved backup. This is useful if you wish to experiment with different
settings, knowing that you have a backup handy in the case of any mistakes. It is advisable to
backup your router’s settings before making any significant changes to your router’s configuration.
Click Backup Settings, a window appears, click save , then browse the location where you want to
save the backup file.
Click Browse and browse to the location where your backup file is saved, the click Open. Then in
the above page, click Update Settings, the following process indicating screen will appear. Let it
update to 100%, it will automatically turn to the Device Info page.
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Access Control
Access Control is used to prevent unauthorized access to the router configuration page. Here you
can change the login user password. Three user levels are provided here. Each user level there’s a
default provided user. You must access the router with the appropriate username and password.
Here the corresponding passwords are allowed to change.
Level: select which level you want to change password to. There are three default levels.

Administrator: the root user, corresponding default username and password are admin and
admin respectively.

Remote: username for the remote user to login, corresponding default username and
password are support and support respectively.

Local: username for the general user, when logon to the web page, only few items would be
listed for common user, corresponding default username password are user and user
respectively.
Username: The default username for each user level.
Old Password: Enter the old password.
New Password: Enter the new password.
Confirm Password: Enter again the new password to confirm.
Note: By default the accounts of Remote and Local are disabled, please click Valid check-box to
activate the accounts.
Click Apply to apply your new settings.
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Mail Alert
Mail alert is designed to keep system administrator or other relevant personnel alerted of any
unexpected events that might have occurred to the network computers or server for monitoring
efficiency. With this alert system, appropriate solutions may be tackled to fix problems that may have
arisen so that the server can be properly maintained.
WAN Port: Mail Alert feature can be applicable to every WAN mode: Ethernet, and DSL. Select the
port you want to use Mail Alert.
For example DSL, then when the WAN connection is in DSL mode and when there is any
unexpected event, the alert message will be sent to your specified E-mail.
Apply all settings to: check whether you want to have a copy of the settings to apply to other WAN
port, suppose the above Main port is DSL, then if you enable this function, then Ethernet port will
have the same configuration.
SMTP Server: Enter the SMTP server that you would like to use for sending emails.
Username: Enter the username of your email account to be used by the SMTP server.
Password: Enter the password of your email account.
Sender’s Email: Enter your email address.
SSL: Check to whether to enable SSL encryption feature.
Port: the port, default is 25.
Account Test: Press this button to test the connectivity and feasibility to your sender’s e-mail.
Recipient’s Email (WAN IP Change Alert): Enter the email address that will receive the alert
message once a WAN IP change has been detected.
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Configure Log
Log: Enable or disable this function.
Log level: Select your log level. The log level allows you to configure which types of events are
logged. There are eight log levels from high to low are displayed below:

Emergency = system is unusable

Alert = action must be taken immediately

Critical = critical conditions

Error = error conditions

Warning = warning conditions

Notice = normal but significant conditions

Informational = information events

Debugging = debug-level messages
The gateway records all log events at the chosen level and above. For instance, if you set the log
level to Critical, all critical, alert, and emergency events are logged, but none of the others are
recorded
Display Level: Display the log according to the level you set when you view system log. Once you
set the display level, the logs of the same or higher priority will be displayed.
Mode: Select the mode the system log adopted. Three modes: local, Remote and Both.

Local: Select this mode to store the logs in the router’s local memory.

Remote: Select this mode to send the log information to a remote log server. Then you must
assign the remote log server and port, 514 is often used.

Both: Logs stored adopting above two ways.
Click Apply to save your settings.
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USB
Storage here refers to network sharing in the network environment, USB devices act as the storage
carrier for DLNA, common file sharing (Samba server and FTP server).
Storage Device Info
This part provides users direct access to the storage information like the total volume, the used and
the remaining capacity of the device.
Volume Name: Display the storage volume name
FileSystem: Display the storage device’s file system format, well-known is FAT.
Total Space: Display the total space of the storage, with unit MB.
Used Space: Display the remaining space of each partition, unit MB.
Unmount: Click Unmount button if you want to uninstall the USB device. Please Note that first click
Unmount before you uninstall your USB storage.
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User Account
Users here can add user accounts for access to the storage, in this way users can access the
network sharing storage with the specified account, and again protect their own data.
Users added here are entitled to have access to both Samba and FTP.
Default user admin.
Click Add button, enter the user account-adding page:
Username: user-defined name, but simpler and more convenient to remember would be favorable.
Password: Set the password.
Confirm Password: Reset the password for confirmation.
Volume Name: Select Volume name, as to create access to the volume of the specified partition of
the storage.
For example, a user test is setup behind the usb1_1.
The user “test” has the right to access both Samba and FTP server.
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How to use Samba:
In your computer, Click Start > Run, enter \\192.168.1.254 (LAN IP)
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When accessing the network storage, you can see a folder named “public”, users should have the
account to enter, and the account can be set at the User Accounts section.
When first logged on to the network folder, you will see the “public” folder.
Public: The public sharing space for each user in the USB Storage.
When user register a USB account and log successfully, a private folder (the same name as the user
account registered) exclusive for each user is established. Go on to see the details.
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Access the folder public.
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When successfully accessed, the private folder of each user is established, and user can see from
the following picture. The test fold in the picture is the private space for each user.
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How to use FTP:
Please note to enable remote FTP access in Remote Access.
1. Access via FTP tools
Take popular FTP tool of FlashFXP for example:
1) Open FlashFXP
2) Create ftp sites (LAN IP / WAN IP, and set the account, port).
3) Connect to the ftp site.
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2. Web FTP access
1) Enter ftp://admin@WAN-IP or ftp://admin@LAN-IP at the address bar of the IE. In terms of other
browsers, type ftp://WAN-IP or ftp:// LAN-IP directly.
2) Enter the account's username and password.
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DLNA
The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is a non-profit collaborative trade organization
established by Sony in June 2003, which is responsible for defining interoperability guidelines to
enable sharing of digital media between consumer devices such as computers, printers, cameras,
cell phones and other multiple devices.
DLNA uses Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) for media management, discovery and control. UPnP
defines the types of devices (‘server’, ‘renderer’, ‘controller’) that DLNA supports and the mechanism
for accessing media over a network.
Overall, DLNA allows more convenience, more choices and enjoyment of your digital content
through DLNA certified devices. Any DLNA certified devices or software can access the DLNA
server.
With USB storage, 8800NL can serve as a DLNA server.
On-board digital media server: Enable to share the device as a DLNA server.
Interface: The VLAN group, it is the bound interface for DLNA server accessing.
Media Library Path: Default is usb1_1, total USB space (pictures, videos, music, etc, all can be
accessed with this path).
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Take Windows media player in Windows 7 accessing the DLNA server for example for usage of
DLNA .
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IP Tunnel
An IP Tunnel is an Internet Protocol (IP) network communication channels between two networks of
different protocols. It is used to transport another network protocol by encapsulation of its packets.
IP Tunnels are often used to connect two disjoint IP networks that do not have a native routing path
to each other, via an underlying routable protocol across an intermediate transport network, like VPN.
Another prominent use of IP Tunnel is to connect islands of IPv6 installations across the IPv4
internet.
IPv6inIPv4
6in4 is an Internet transition mechanism for migrating from IPv4 to IPv6. 6in4 uses tunneling to
encapsulate IPv6 traffic over explicitly configured IPv4 links. The 6in4 traffic is sent over the IPv4
Internet inside IPv4 packets whose IP headers have the IP Protocol number set to 41. This protocol
number is specifically designated for IPv6 capsulation.
6RD:
6RD is a mechanism to facilitate IPv6 rapid deployment across IPv4 infrastructures of internet
service providers (ISPs).
It is derived from 6to4, a preexisting mechanism to transporting IPv6 packets over IPv4
infrastructure network, with the significant change that it operates entirely within the enduser’s ISP
network, thus avoiding the major architectural problems inherent in the original design of 6to4.
Click Add button to manually add the 6in4 rules.
Tunnel Name: User-defined name.
Mechanism: Here only 6RD.
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Associated WAN Interface: The applied WAN interface with the set tunnel, thus when there are
packets from/to the WAN interface, the tunnel would be used to transport the packets.
Associated LAN Interface: Set the linked LAN interface with the tunnel.
Method: 6rd operation mechanism: manually configured or automatically configured. If manually,
please fill out the following 6rd parameters.
V4 Common Bit Length: Specify the length of IPv4 address carried in IPv6 prefix, for example, 0
means to carry all the 32 bits of IPv4 address while 8 carries 24 bits of the IPv4 address.
6rd Prefix with Prefix Length: Enter the 6rd prefix and prefix length you uniquely designate to 6rd
by the ISP( The 6rd prefix and prefix length are to replace the standard 6to4 prefix 2002::/16 by an
IPv6 prefix that belongs to the ISP-assigned.)
Border Relay IPv4 Address: The IPv4 address of the border relay. The relay is used to unwrap
capsulated IPv4 packets into IPv6 packets and send them to the IPv6 network.
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IPv4inIPv6
4in6 refers to tunneling of IPv4 in IPv6. It is an inherent internet interoperation mechanism allowing
IPv4 to be used in an IPv6 only network.
4in6 uses tunneling to encapsulate IPv4 traffic over configured IPv6 tunnels. 4in6 tunnels are usually
manually configured but they can be automated using protocols such as TSP to allow easy
connection to a tunnel broker.
DS – Lite
DS –Lite, or Dual-Stack Lite, is designed to let an ISP omit the deployment of any IPv4 address to
the customer’s CPE. Instead, only global IPv6 addresses are provided (Regular Dual-Stack Lite
deploys global addresses for both IPv4 and IPv6).
The CPE distributes private IPv4 addresses for the LAN clients, the same as a NAT device. The
subnet information is chosen by the customer, identically to the NAT model. However, instead of
performing the NAT itself, the CPE encapsulates the IPv4 packet inside an IPv6 packet.
Click Add button to manually add the 4in6 rules.
Tunnel Name: User-defined tunnel name.
Mechanism: It is the 4in6 tunnel operation technology. Please select DS-Lite.
Associated WAN Interface: The applied WAN interface with the set tunnel, and when there are
packets from/to the WAN interface, the tunnel would be used to transport the packets.
Associated LAN Interface: Specify the linked LAN interface with the tunnel.
Method: Manually to specify the AFTP (Address Family Transition Router) address or Automatic.
AFTR: Specify the address of AFTP (Address Family Transition Router) from your ISP.
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Security
IP Filtering Outgoing
IP filtering enables you to configure your router to block specified internal/external users (IP address)
from Internet access, or you can disable specific service requests (Port number) to /from Internet.
The relationship among all filters is “or” operation, which means that the router checks these
different filter rules one by one, starting from the first rule. As long as one of the rules is satisfied, the
specified action will be taken.
Note: The maximum number of entries: 32.
Click Add button to enter the exact rule setting page.
Filter Name: A user-defined rule name. User can select simply from the list box for the application
for quick setup.
IP Version: Select the IP Version, IPv4 or IPv6.
Protocol: Set the traffic type (TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP, ICMP, RAW, Any) rule applies to.
Source IP address: This is the Address-Filter used to allow or block traffic to/from particular IP
address(es) featured in the IP range. If you leave empty, it means any IP address.
Source Port [port or port:port]: The port or port range defines traffic from the port (specific
application) or port in the set port range blocked to go through the router. Default is set port from
range 1 – 65535.
Destination IP address: Traffic from LAN with the particular traffic destination address specified in
the IP range is to be blocked from going through the router, similarly set as the Source IP address
above.
Destination Port [port or port: port]: Traffic with the particular set destination port or port in the set
port range is to be blocked from going through the router. Default is set port from port range: 1 –
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65535.
Time Schedule: Select or set exactly when the rule works. When set to “Always On”, the rule will
work all time; and also you can set the precise time when the rule works, like 01:00 - 19:00 from
Monday to Friday. Or you can select the already set timeslot in “Time Schedule” during which the
rule works. And when set to “Disable”, the rule is disabled or inactive and there will be an icon”
” in list table indicating the rule is inactive. See Time Schedule.
Action: Select to drop or forward the packets fit the outgoing filtering rule.
Log: check the check-box to record the security log. To check the log, users can turn to Security Log.
Example: For example, if there is an outgoing rule set as follows, then the 21 application between
source IP and destination IP will be blocked. Or exactly in the rule below, all traffic trying to access
FTP will be blocked.
(The rule is active; disable field shows the status of the rule, active or inactive)
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(Rule inactive)
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IP Filtering Incoming
Incoming IP Filtering is set by default to block all incoming traffic, but user can set rules to forward
the specific incoming traffic.
Note:
1. The maximum number of entries: 32.
2. When LAN side firewall or firewall in WAN interface(s) is enabled, user can move here to add
allowing rules to pass through the firewall.
Click Add button to enter the exact rule setting page.
Filter Name: A user-defined rule name. User can select simply from the list box for the application
for quick setup.
IP Version: Select the IP Version, IPv4 or IPv6.
Protocol: Set the traffic type (TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP, ICMP, RAW, Any ) that the rule applies to.
Source IP address: This is the Address-Filter used to allow or block traffic to/from particular IP
address(es) featured in the IP range.. If you leave empty, it means any IP address.
Source Port [port or port:port]: The port or port range defines traffic from the port (specific
application) or port in the set port range blocked to go through the router. Default is set port from
range 1 – 65535.
Destination IP address: Traffic from LAN with the particular traffic destination address specified in
the IP range is to be blocked from going through the router, similarly set as the Source IP address
above.
Destination Port [port or port : port]: Traffic with the particular set destination port or port in the
set port range is to be blocked from going through the router. Default is set port from port range: 1 –
65535
Interfaces: Check if the filter rule applies to all interfaces. User can base on need select interfaces
to make the rule take effect with those interfaces.
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Time Schedule: Select or set exactly when the rule works. When set to “Always On”, the rule will
work all time; and also you can set the precise time when the rule works, like 01:00 - 19:00 from
Monday to Friday. Or you can select the already set timeslot in “Time Schedule” during which the
rule works. And when set to “Disable”, the rule is disabled or inactive and there will be an icon”
” in the list table indicating the rule is inactive. See Time Schedule.
Log: check the check-box to record the security log. To check the log, users can turn to Security Log.
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MAC Filtering
MAC Filtering is only effective on ATM PVCs configured in Bridged mode.
FORWARDED means that all MAC layer frames will be forwarded except those matching with any
of the specified rules in the following table.
BLOCKED means that all MAC layer frames will be blocked except those matching with any of the
specified rules in the following table.
By default, all MAC frames of the interface in Bridge Mode will be forwarded, you can check
Change checkbox and then press Change Policy to change the settings to the interface.
For example, from above, the interface atm0.1 is of bridge mode, and all the MAC layer frames will
be forward, but you can set some rules to let some item matched the rules to be blocked.
Click Add button to add the rules.
Protocol type: Select from the drop-down menu the protocol that applies to this rule.
Destination /Source MAC Address: Enter the destination/source address.
Frame Direction: Select the frame direction this rule applies, both LAN and WAN: LAN <=>WAN,
only LAN to WAN: LAN=>WAN, only WAN to LAN: WAN=>LAN.
WAN Interfaces: Select the interfaces configured in Bridge mode.
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Blocking WAN PING
This feature is enabled to let your router not respond to any ping command when someone others
“Ping” your WAN IP.
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Time Restriction
A MAC (Media Access Control) address is the unique network hardware identifier for each PC on
your network’s interface (i.e. its Network Interface Card or Ethernet card). Using your router’s MAC
Address Filter function, you can configure the network to block specific machines from accessing
your LAN during the specified time.
This page adds time of day restriction to a special LAN device connected to the router. To Restrict
LAN device(s), please click Add button to add the device(s), from accessing internet under some set
time. To find out the MAC address of a window based PC, go to command window, and type
“ipconfig/all”.
Note: The maximum entries configured: 32.
Click Add to add the rules.
Host Label: User-defined name.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address(es) you want to allow or block to access the router and LAN.
The format of MAC address could be: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx or xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx. For convenience, user
can select from the list box.
Time Schedule: To determine when the rule works.
 Drop: To drop the MAC entries always; in other words, the MACs are blocked access to router
and internet always.
 Forward: To forward the MAC entries always; in other words, the MACs are granted access to
the router and internet always.
 Check or select from listbox: To set the time duration during which the MACs are blocked
from access the router and internet. “select from listbox” means that you can select the
already set timeslot in “Time Schedule” section during which the MACs are blocked from
access the router and internet.
Click Apply to confirm your settings. The following prompt window will appear to remind you of the
attention.
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An example:
Here you can see that the user “child-use” with a MAC of 18:a9:05:04:12:23 is blocked to access the
router from 00:00 to 23:59 Monday through Friday.
The “test” can access the internet always.
If you needn’t this rule, you can check the box, press Remove, it will be OK.
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URL Filter
URL (Uniform Resource Locator – e.g. an address in the form of http://www.abcde.com or
http://www.example.com) filter rules allow you to prevent users on your network from accessing
particular websites by their URL. There are no pre-defined URL filter rules; you can add filter rules to
meet your requirements.
Note:
1) URL Filter rules apply to both IPv4 and IPv6 sources.
2) But in Exception IP Address part, user can click
IPv4 and IPv6 respectively.
to set the exception IP address(es) for
Keywords Filtering: Allow blocking against specific keywords within a particular URL rather than
having to specify a complete URL (e.g.to block any image called “advertisement.gif”). When enabled,
your specified keywords list will be checked to see if any keywords are present in URLs accessed to
determine if the connection attempt should be blocked. Please note that the URL filter blocks web
browser (HTTP) connection attempts using port 80 only.
Domains Filtering: This function checks the whole URL address but not the IP address against
your list of domains to block or allow. If it is matched, the URL request will either be sent (Trusted) or
dropped (Forbidden).
Restrict URL Features: Click Block Java Applet to filter web access with Java Applet components.
Click Block ActiveX to filter web access with ActiveX components. Click Block Cookie to filter web
access with Cookie components. Click Block Proxy to filter web proxy access.
Exception IP Address: You can input a list of IP addresses as the exception list for URL filtering.
These IPs will not be covered by the URL rules.
Time Schedule: Select or set exactly when the rule works. When set to “Always On”, the rule will
work all time; and also you can set the precise time when the rule works, like 01:00 - 19:00 from
Monday to Friday. Or you can select the already set timeslot in “Time Schedule” during which the
rule works. And when set to “Disable”, the rule is disabled. See Time Schedule.
Log: Select Enable for this option if you will like to capture the logs for this URL filter policy. To
check the log, users can turn to Security Log.
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Keywords Filtering
Note: Maximum number of entries: 32.
Click
to add the keywords.
Enter the Keyword, for example image, and then click Add.
You can add other keywords like this. The keywords you add will be listed as above. If you want to
reedit the keyword, press the Edit radio button left beside the item, and the word will listed in the
Keyword field, edit, and then press Edit/Delete to confirm. If you want to delete certain keyword,
check Delete checkbox right beside the item, and press Edit/Delete. Click Return to be back to the
previous page.
Domain Filtering
Note: Maximum number of entries: 32.
Click
to add Domains.
Domain Filtering: enter the domain you want this filter to apply.
Type: select the action this filter deals with the Domain.
 Forbidden Domain: The domain is forbidden access.
 Trusted Domain: The domain is trusted and allowed access.
Enter a domain and select whether this domain is trusted or forbidden with the pull-down menu. Next,
click Add. Your new domain will be added to either the Trusted Domain or Forbidden Domain listing,
depending on which you selected previously. For specific process, please refer to Keywords
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Filtering.
Exception IP Address
In the section, users can set the exception IP respectively for IPv4 and IPv6.
Click
to add the IP Addresses.
Enter the except IP address. Click Add to save your changes. The IP address will be entered into
the Exception List, and excluded from the URL filtering rules in effect. For specific process, please
refer to Keywords Filtering.
For example, users can set IPv4 client 192.168.1.103 in your network as a exception address that is
not limited to the rules set in URL filter ( or IPv4 clients (a range) ). And also an IPv6 client
(2000:1211:1002:6ba4:d160:5adb:9009:87ae) or IPv6 clients(a range ) can be the exceptions from
the URL rules.
At the URL Filter page, press Apply to confirm your settings.
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Parental Control Provider
Parental Control Provider provides Web content filtering offering safer and more reliable web surfing
for users. Please get an account and configure at the selected Provider “www.opendns.com” in
advance. To use parental control (DNS), user needs to configure to use parental control (DNS
provided by parental control provider) to access internet at WAN configuration or DNS page(See
DNS).
Host Name, Username and Password: Enter your registered domain name and your username
and password at the provider website www.opendns.com.
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QoS - Quality of Service
Quality of Service
QoS helps you to control the data upload traffic of each application from LAN (Ethernet) to WAN
(Internet). This feature allows you to control the quality and speed of throughput for each application
when the system is running with full upstream load.
Note: ADSL line speed is based on the ADSL sync rate.
EWAN Line Speed
Upstream / Downstream: Specify the upstream and downstream rate of the EWAN interface.
Click Apply to save the EWAN rate settings.
Click Add to enter QoS rules.
IP Version: Select either IPv4 or IPv6 base on need.
Application: Assign a name that identifies the new QoS application rule. Select from the list box for
quick setup.
Direction: Shows the direction mode of the QoS application.
 LAN to WAN: You want to control the traffic from local network to the outside (Upstream).
You can assign the priority for the application or you can limit the rate of the application.
Eg: you have a FTP server inside the local network, and you want to have a limited control by
the QoS policy and so you need to add a policy with LAN to WAN direction setting.
 WAN to LAN: Control traffic from WAN to LAN (Downstream).
Protocol: Select the supported protocol from the drop down list.
DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS byte.
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DSCP Marking allows users to classify the traffic of the application to be executed according to the
DSCP value.
IP Precedence and DSCP Mapping Table
Default (000000)
EF(101110)
AF11 (001010)
AF12 (001100)
AF13 (001110)
AF21 (010010)
AF22 (010100)
AF23 (010110)
AF31 (011010)
AF32 (011100)
AF33 (011110)
AF41 (100010)
AF42 (100100)
AF43 (100110)
CS1(001000)
CS2(010000)
CS3(011000)
CS4(100000)
CS5(101000)
CS6(110000)
CS7(111000)
Mapping Table
Best Effort
Expedited Forwarding
Assured Forwarding Class1(L)
Assured Forwarding Class1(M)
Assured Forwarding Class1(H)
Assured Forwarding Class1(L)
Assured Forwarding Class1(M)
Assured Forwarding Class1(H)
Assured Forwarding Class1(L)
Assured Forwarding Class1(M)
Assured Forwarding Class1(H)
Assured Forwarding Class1(L)
Assured Forwarding Class1(M)
Assured Forwarding Class1(H)
Class Selector(IP precedence)1
Class Selector(IP precedence) 2
Class Selector(IP precedence)3
Class Selector(IP precedence) 4
Class Selector(IP precedence) 5
Class Selector(IP precedence) 6
Class Selector(IP precedence) 7
DSCP offers three levels of service, Class Selector (CS), Assured Forwarding (AF) and Expedited
Forwarding (EF). AF1, AF2, AF3 and AF4 are four levels of assured forwarding services. Each AF
has three different packet loss priorities from high, medium, to low. Also, CS1-CS7 indicates the IP
precedence.
Rate Type: You can choose Limited or Prioritization.
 Limited (Maximum): Specify a limited data rate for this policy. It also is the maximum rate
for this policy. When you choose Limited, type the Ratio proportion. As above FTP server
example, you may want to “throttle” the outgoing FTP speed to 20% of 256K and limit to it,
you may use this type.
 Prioritization: Specify the rate type control for the rule to used. If you choose Prioritization
for the rule, you parameter Priority would be available, you can set the priority for this rule.

Set DSCP Marking: When select Set DSCP Marking, the packets matching the rule will be
forwarded according to the pre-set DSCP marking.
Ratio: The rate percent of each application/policy compared to total traffic on the interface with
limited rate type. For example, we want to only allow 20% of the total data for the LAN-to-WAN
direction to be used for FTP server. Then we can specify here with data ratio = 20. If you have ADSL
LINE with 256K/bps.rate, the estimated data rate, in kbps, for this rule is 20%*256*0.9 = 46kbps.
(For 0.9 is an estimated factor for the effective data transfer rate for an ADSL LINE from LAN to
WAN. For WAN-to-LAN, it is 0.85 to 0.8)
Priority: Set the priority given to each policy/application. Specify the priority for the use of bandwidth.
You can specify which application can have higher priority to acquire the bandwidth. Its default
setting is set to Normal. You may adjust this setting to fit your policy / application.
Internal IP Address: The IP address values for Local LAN devices you want to give control.
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Internal Port: The Port number on the LAN side, it is used to identify an application.
External IP Address: The IP address on remote / WAN side.
External Port: The Port number on the remote / WAN side.
Time Schedule: Select or set exactly when the rule works. When set to “Always On”, the rule will
work all time; and also you can set the precise time when the rule works, like 01:00 - 19:00 from
Monday to Friday. Or you can select the already set timeslot in “Time Schedule” during which the
rule works. And when set to “Disable”, the rule is disabled or inactive and there will be an icon”
” indicating the rule is inactive. See Time Schedule.
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Examples: Common usage
1. Give outgoing VoIP traffic more priority.
The default queue priority is normal, so if you have VoIP users in your local network, you can set a
higher priority to the outgoing VoIP traffic.
2. Give regular web http access a limited rate
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3. If you are actively engaged in P2P and are afraid of slowing down internet access for other users
within your network, you can then use QoS to set a rule that has low priority. In this way, P2P
application will not congest the data transmission with other applications.
Other applications, like FTP, Mail access, users can use QoS to control based on need.
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QoS Port Shaping
QoS port shaping supports traffic shaping of Ethernet interfaces. It forcefully maximizes the
throughput of the Ethernet interface. When “Shaping Rate” is set to “-1”, no shaping will be in place
and the “Burst Size” is to be ignored.
Interface: P1-P4. P4 can be used as EWAN.
Type: All LAN when P4 is LAN port; P4 used as EWAN, type WAN and all others LAN.
QoS Shaping Rate (Kbps): Set the forcefully maximum rate.
Burst Size(Bytes): Set the forcefully Burst Size.
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NAT
NAT (Network Address Translation) feature translates a private IP to a public IP, allowing multiple
users to access the Internet through a single IP account, sharing the single IP address. It is a natural
firewall for the private network.
Exceptional Rule Group
Exceptional Rule is dedicated to giving or blocking Virtual Server/ DMZ access to some specific IP or
IPs(range). Users are allowed to set 8 different exceptional rule groups at most. In each group, user
can add specific IP or IP range.
Press Edit to set the exceptional IP (IP Range).
Default Action: Please first set the range to make “Default Action” setting available. Set “Allow” to
ban the listed IP or IPs to access the Virtual Server and DMZ Host
Check “Block” to grant access to the listed IP or IPs to Virtual Server and DMZ Host.
Apply: Press Apply button to apply the change.
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Exceptional Rule Range
IP Address Range: Specify the IP address range; IPv4 address range can be supported.
Click Add to add the IP Range.
For instance, if user wants to block IP range of 172.16.1.102-172.16.1.106 from accessing your set
virtual server and DMZ host, you can add this IP range and valid it.
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Virtual Servers
In TCP/IP and UDP networks a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which application program
(usually a server) incoming connections should be delivered to. Some ports have numbers that are
pre-assigned to them by the IANA (the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), and these are referred
to as “well-known ports”. Servers follow the well-known port assignments so clients can locate them.
If you wish to run a server on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e. from other
machines on the Internet that are outside your local network), or any application that can accept
incoming connections (e.g. Peer-to-peer/P2P software such as instant messaging applications and
P2P file-sharing applications) and are using NAT (Network Address Translation), then you will
usually need to configure your router to forward these incoming connection attempts using specific
ports to the PC on your network running the application. You will also need to use port forwarding if
you want to host an online game server.
The reason for this is that when using NAT, your publicly accessible IP address will be used by and
point to your router, which then needs to deliver all traffic to the private IP addresses used by your
PCs. Please see the WAN configuration section of this manual for more information on NAT.
The device can be configured as a virtual server so that remote users accessing services such as
Web or FTP services via the public (WAN) IP address can be automatically redirected to local
servers in the LAN network. Depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the
device redirects the external service request to the appropriate server within the LAN network.
This part is only available when NAT is enabled.
Note: The maximum number of entries: 64.
It is virtual server listing table as you see, Click Add to move on.
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The following configuration page will appear to let you configure.
Interface: Select from the drop-down menu the interface you want the virtual server(s) to apply.
WAN IP: To specify the exact WAN IP address. It can be flexible while there are multiple WAN IPs
on one interface. If the WAN IP field is empty, 78VDP(O)X uses the current wan IP of this interface.
Server Name: Select the server name from the drop-down menu.
Custom Service: It is a kind of service to let users customize the service they want. Enter the userdefined service name here. It is a parameter only available when users select Custom Service in
the above parameter.
Server IP Address: Enter your server IP Address here. User can select from the list box for quick
setup.
External Port
 Start: Enter a port number as the external starting number for the range you want to give
access to internal network.
 End: Enter a port number as the external ending number for the range you want to give
access to internal network.
Internal Port
 Start: Enter a port number as the internal staring number.
 End: Here it will generate automatically according to the End port number of External port
and can’t be modified.
Protocol: select the protocol this service used: TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP.
Time Schedule: Select or set exactly when the Virtual Server works. When set to “Always On”, the
Virtual Server will work all time; and also you can set the precise time when Virtual Server works,
like 01:00 - 19:00 from Monday to Friday. Or you can select the already set timeslot in Time
Schedule during which the Virtual Server works. And when set to “Disable”, the rule is disabled and
there will be an icon
in the list table indicating the rule is disabled. See Time Schedule.
Exceptional Rule Group: Select the exceptional group listed. It is to grant or block Virtual Server
access to a group of IPs. For example, as we set previously group 1 blocking access to
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172.16.1.102-172.16.1.106. If here you want to block Virtual Server access to this IP range, you can
select Group1.
Set up
1. Select a Server Name from the drop-down menu, then the port will automatically appear, modify
some as you like, or you can just leave it as default. Remember to enter your server IP Address.
2. Press Apply to conform, and the items will be list in the Virtual Servers Setup table.
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(
Means the rule is inactive)
Remove
If you don’t need a specified Server, you can remove it. Check the check box beside the item you
want to remove, then press Remove, it will be OK.
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DMZ Host
The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular internal IP
address as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets will be checked by Firewall and NAT algorithms
before being passed to the DMZ host, when a packet received does not use a port number used by
any other Virtual Server entries.
(Group Information)
DMZ Host IP Address: Enter the IP Address of a host you want it to be a DMZ host. Select from the
list box to quick set the DMZ.
Time Schedule: Select or set exactly when the DMZ works. When set to “Always On”, the DMZ will
work all time; and also you can set the precise time when DMZ works, like 01:00 - 19:00 from
Monday to Friday. Or you can select the already set timeslot in Time Schedule during which the
DMZ works. And when set to “Disable”, the DMZ Host is disabled. See Time Schedule.
Exceptional Rule Group: Select the exceptional group listed. It is to grant or block DMZ access to
a group of IPs. For example, as we set previously group 1 blocking access to 172.16.1.102172.16.1.106. If here you want to block DMZ Access to this IP range, you can select Group1.
Using port mapping does have security implications, since outside users are able to connect
to PCs on your network. For this reason you are advised to use specific Virtual Server
entries just for the ports your application requires instead of simply using DMZ or creating a
Virtual Server entry for “All” protocols, as doing so results in all connection attempts to your
public IP address accessing the specified PC.
Attention
If you have disabled the NAT option in the WAN-ISP section, the Virtual Server function will
hence be invalid.
If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very careful in assigning the IP
addresses of the virtual servers in order to avoid conflicts. The easiest way of configuring
Virtual Servers is to manually assign static IP address to each virtual server PC, with an
address that does not fall into the range of IP addresses that are to be issued by the DHCP
server. You can configure the virtual server IP address manually, but it must still be in the
same subnet as the router.
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One-to-One NAT
One-to-One NAT maps a specific private/local address to a global/public IP address. If user has
multiple global/public IP addresses from your ISP, you are free to use one-to-one NAT to assign
some specific public IP for an internal IP like a public web server mapped with a global/public IP for
outside access.
Valid: Check whether to valid the one-to-one NAT mapping rule.
WAN Interface: Select one based WAN interface to configure the one-to-one NAT.
Global IP address: The Global IP mapped to an internal device. It can be left empty, and under this
circumstance, it can be reached through the WAN IP of interface set in the field above.
Internal Address: The IP address of an internal device in the LAN.
Exceptional Rule Group: Select the exceptional group listed. It is to give or block access to a group
of IPs to the server after One-to-One NAT. For example, a server with 192.168.1.3 is mapped to
123.1.1.2 by One-to-One NAT, then the exceptional group can be designated to have or have not
access to 123.1.1.2.
For example, you have an ADSL connection of pppoe_0_8_35/ppp0.1 interface with three fixed
global IP, and you then can assign the other two global IPs to two internal devices respectively.
If you have a WEB server (IP address: 192.168.1.3) and a FTP server (IP address: 192.168.1.4) in
local network, owning a public IP address range of 123.1.1.2 to 123.1.1.4 assigned by ISP. 123.1.1.2
is used as WAN IP address of the router, 123.1.1.3 is used for WEB server and 123.1.1.4 is used for
FTP server. With One-to-One NAT, the servers with private IP addresses can be accessed at the
corresponding valid public IP addresses.
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Port Triggering
Port triggering is a way to automate port forwarding with outbound traffic on predetermined ports
(‘triggering ports’), incoming ports are dynamically forwarded to the initiating host, while the
outbound ports are in use. Port triggering triggers can open an incoming port when a client on the
local network makes an outgoing connection on a predetermined port or a range of ports.
Click Add to add a port triggering rule.
Interface: Select from the drop-down menu the interface you want the port triggering rules apply to.
Application: Preinstalled applications or Custom Application user can customize the utility yourself.
Custom Application: It is a kind of service to let users themselves customizes the service they
want. Enter the user-defined service name here.
Trigger Port
 Start: Enter a port number as the triggering port starting number.
 End: Enter a port number as the triggering port ending number.
Any port in the range delimited by the ‘Start’ and ‘End’ would be the trigger port.
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Open port
 Start: Enter a port number as the open port staring number.
 End: Enter a port number as the open port ending number.
Any port in the range delimited by the ‘Start’ and ‘End’ would be the preset forwarding port or open
port.
Protocol: select the protocol this service used: TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP.
Set up
An example of how port triggering works, when a client behind a NAT router connecting to Aim Talk,
it is a TCP connection with the default port 4099.
When connecting to Aim Talk, the client typically makes an outgoing connection on port 4099 to the
Aim Talk server, but when the computer is behind the NAT, the NAT silently drops this connection
because it does not know which computer behind the NAT to send the request to connect.
So, in this case, port triggering in the router is working, when an outbound connection is attempted
on port 4099 (or any port in the range set), it should allow inbound connections to that particular
computer.
1. Select a Server Name from the drop-down menu, then the port will automatically appear, modify
some as you like, or you can just leave it as default. Remember to enter your server IP Address.
2. Press Apply to conform, and the items will be list in the Virtual Servers Setup table.
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Edit/Remove
If you don’t need a specified Server, you can remove it. Check the check box beside the item you
want to remove, and then press Remove.
Click Edit to re-edit your port-triggering rule.
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ALG
The ALG Controls enable or disable protocols over application layer.
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Wake On LAN
Wake on LAN (WOL, sometimes WoL) is an Ethernet computer networking standard that allows a
computer to be turned on or woken up remotely by a network message.
Host Label: Enter identification for the host.
Select: Select MAC address of the computer that you want to wake up or turn on remotely.
Wake by Schedule: Enable to wake up your set device at some specific time. For instance, user
can set to get some device woken up at 8:00 every weekday. Click Schedule to enter time schedule
configuring page to set the exact timeline.
Add: After selecting, click Add then you can submit the Wake-up action.
Edit/Delete: Click to edit or delete the selected MAC address.
Ready:
“Yes” indicating the remote computer is ready for your waking up.
“No” indicating the machine is not ready for your waking up.
Delete: Delete the selected MAC address.
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Advanced Setup
There are sub-items within the System section: Routing, DNS, Static ARP, UPnP, Certificate,
Multicast, Management, and Diagnostics.
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Routing
Default Gateway
WAN port: Select the port this gateway applies to.
To set Default Gateway and Available Routed WAN Interface. This interfaces are the ones you
have set in WAN section, here select the one you want to be the default gateway by moving the
interface via
or
. And select a Default IPv6 Gateway from the drop-down menu.
Note: Only one default gateway interface will be used according to the priority with the first being the
highest and the last one the lowest priority if the WAN interface is connected.
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Static Route
With static route feature, you can control the routing of all the traffic across your network. With each
routing rule created, you can specifically assign the destination where the traffic will be routed.
Above is the static route listing table, click Add to create static routing.
IP Version: Select the IP version, IPv4 or IPv6.
Destination IP Address / Prefix Length: Enter the destination IP address and the prefix length. For
IPv4, the prefix length means the number of ‘1’ in the submask, it is another mode of presenting
submask. One IPv4 address,192.168.1.0/24, submask is 255.255.255.0. While in IPv6, IPv6
address composes of two parts, thus, the prefix and the interface ID, the prefix is like the net ID in
IPv4, and the interface ID is like the host ID in IPv4. The prefix length is to identify the net ID in the
address. One IPv6 address, 3FFE:FFFF:0:CD30:0:0:0:0 / 64, the prefix is 3FFE:FFFF:0:CD3.
Interface: Select an interface this route associated.
Gateway IP Address: Enter the gateway IP address.
Metric: Metric is a policy for router to commit router, to determine the optimal route. Enter one
number greater than or equal to 0.
Click Apply to apply this route and it will be listed in the route listing table.
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In listing table you can remove the one you don’t want by checking the checking box and press
Remove button.
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Policy Routing
Here users can set a route for the host (source IP) in a LAN interface to access outside through a
specified Default Gateway or a WAN interface.
The following is the policy Routing listing table.
Click Add to create a policy route.
Policy Name: User-defined name.
Physical LAN Port: Select the LAN port.
Source IP: Enter the Host Source IP.
Interface: Select the WAN interface which you want the Source IP to access outside through.
Default Gateway: Enter the default gateway which you want the Source IP to access outside
through.
Click Apply to apply your settings. And the item will be listed in the policy Routing listing table. Here
if you want to remove the route, check the remove checkbox and press Remove to delete it.
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RIP
RIP, Router Information Protocol, is a simple Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP). RIP has two versions,
RIP-1 and RIP-2.
Interface: the interface the rule applies to.
Version: select the RIP version, there are two versions, RIP-1 and RIP-2.
Operation: RIP has two operation mode.

Passive: only receive the routing information broadcasted by other routers and modifies its
routing table according to the received information.

Active: working in this mode, the router sends and receives RIP routing information and
modifies routing table according to the received information.
Enable: check the checkbox to enable RIP rule for the interface.
Note: RIP can’t be configured on the WAN interface which has NAT enabled (such as PPPoE).
Click Apply to apply your settings.
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DNS
DNS, Domain Name System, is a distributed database of TCP/IP application. DNS provides
translation of Domain name to IP.
DNS
 IPv4
Three ways to set an IPv4 DNS server
 Select DNS server from available WAN interfaces: Select a desirable WAN interface as the
IPv4 DNS server.
 User the following Static DNS IP address: To specify DNS server manually by entering your
primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
 Use the IP address provided by Parental Control Provider: If user registers and gets an
DNS account in the parental control provider website, expecting to enjoy a more reliable and
safer internet surfing environment, please select this option (need to configure at Parental
Control Provider).
 IPv6:
IPv6 DNS Server’s operation is similar to IPv4 DNS server. There are two modes to get DNS server
address: Auto and Static mode.
Obtain IPv6 DNS info from a WAN interface
WAN Interface selected: Select one configured IPv6 WAN connection from the drop-down menu to
be as an IPv6 DNS.
Use the following Static IPv6 DNS address
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Primary IPv6 DNS Server / Secondary IPv6 DNS Server: Type the specific primary and secondary
IPv6 DNS Server address.
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Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS function allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname, allowing
users whose ISP does not assign them a static IP address to use a domain name. This is especially
useful for hosting servers via your ADSL connection, so that anyone wishing to connect to you may
use your domain name, rather than having to use your dynamic IP address, which changes from
time to time. This dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address of the router, which is assigned to you
by your ISP.
Here users can register different WAN interfaces with different DNS(es).
Click Add to register a WAN interface with the exact DNS.
You will first need to register and establish an account with the Dynamic DNS provider using their
website, for example http://www.dyndns.org/
Dynamic DNS Server: Select the DDNS service you have established an account with.
Host Name, Username and Password: Enter your registered domain name and your username
and password for this service.
Period: Set the time period between updates, for the Router to exchange information with the DDNS
server. In addition to updating periodically as per your settings, the router will perform an update
when your dynamic IP address changes.
Selected WAN Interface: Select the Interface that is bound to the registered Domain name.
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User can register different DDNS to different interfaces.
Examples: Note first users have to go to the Dynamic DNS registration service provider to register
an account.
User test register two Dynamic Domain Names in DDNS provider http://www.dyndns.org/ .
1. pppoe_0_0_33 with DDNS: www.hometest.com using username/password test/test
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2. pppoe-eth2 with DDNS: www.hometest1.com using username/password test/test.
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DNS Proxy
DNS proxy is used to forward request and response message between DNS Client and DNS Server.
Hosts in LAN can use router serving as a DNS proxy to connect to the DNS Server in public to
correctly resolve Domain name to access the internet.
DNS Proxy: Select whether to enable or disable DNS Proxy function, default is enabled.
Host name of the Broadband Router: Enter the host name of the router. Default is home.gateway.
Domain name of the LAN network: Enter the domain name of the LAN network. home.gateway.
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Static DNS
Static DNS is a concept relative to Dynamic DNS; in static DNS system, the IP mapped is static
without change.
You can map the specific IP to a user-friendly domain name. In LAN, you can map a PC to a domain
name for convenient access. Or you can set some well-known Internet IP mapping item so your
router will response quickly for your DNS query instead of querying from the ISP’s DNS server.
Host Name: Type the domain name (host name) for the specific IP .
IP Address: Type the IP address bound to the set host name above.
Click Add to save your settings.
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Static ARP
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) is a TCP/IP protocol that allows the resolution of network layer
addresses into the link layer addresses. And “Static ARP” here allows user to map manually the
layer-3 MAC (Media Access Control) address to the layer-2 IP address of the device.
IP Address: Enter the IP of the device that the corresponding MAC address will be mapped to.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address that corresponds to the IP address of the device.
Click Add to confirm the settings.
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UPnP
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along with control
and data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users running NAT routers
through UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems makes tasks such as port forwarding
much easier by letting the application control the required settings, removing the need for the user to
control advanced configuration of their device.
Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in addition to the
router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the component is installed), and
Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection Sharing client from Windows XP in order to
support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
UPnP:
 Enable: Check to enable the router’s UPnP functionality.
 Disable: Check to disable the router’s UPnP functionality.
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Installing UPnP in Windows Example
Follow the steps below to install the UPnP in Windows Me.
Step 1: Click Start and Control Panel. Double-click Add/Remove Programs.
Step 2: Click on the Windows Setup tab and select Communication in the Components selection
box. Click Details.
Step 3: In the Communications window, select the Universal Plug and Play check box in the
Components selection box.
Step 4: Click OK to go back to the Add/Remove Programs Properties window. Click Next.
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Step 5: Restart the computer when prompted.
Follow the steps below to install the UPnP in Windows XP.
Step 1: Click Start and Control Panel.
Step 2: Double-click Network Connections.
Step 3: In the Network Connections window, click Advanced in the main menu and select Optional
Networking Components ….
The Windows Optional Networking Components Wizard window displays.
Step 4: Select Networking Service in the Components selection box and click Details.
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Step 5: In the Networking Services window, select the Universal Plug and Play check box.
Step 6: Click OK to go back to the Windows Optional Networking Component Wizard window and
click Next.
Auto-discover Your UPnP-enabled Network Device
Step 1: Click start and Control Panel. Double-click Network Connections. An icon displays under
Internet Gateway.
Step 2: Right-click the icon and select Properties.
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Step 3: In the Internet Connection Properties window, click Settings to see the port mappings that
were automatically created.
Step 4: You may edit or delete the port mappings or click Add to manually add port mappings.
Step 5: Select Show icon in notification area when connected option and click OK. An icon displays
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in the system tray
Step 6: Double-click on the icon to display your current Internet connection status.
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Web Configurator Easy Access
With UPnP, you can access web-based configuration for the BiPAC 8800NL without first finding out
the IP address of the router. This helps if you do not know the router’s IP address.
Follow the steps below to access web configuration.
Step 1: Click Start and then Control Panel.
Step 2: Double-click Network Connections.
Step 3: Select My Network Places under Other Places.
Step 4: An icon describing each UPnP-enabled device shows under Local Network.
Step 5: Right-click on the icon of your BiPAC 8800NL and select Invoke. The web configuration login
screen displays.
Step 6: Right-click on the icon of your BiPAC 8800NL and select Properties. A properties window
displays basic information about the 8800NL.
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Certificate
This feature is used for TR069 ACS Server authentication of the device using certificate, if
necessary. If the imported certificate doesn't match the authorized certificate of the ACS Server, the
device will have no access to the server.
Trusted CA
Certificate Name: The certificate identification name.
Subject: The certificate subject.
Type: The certificate type information. "ca", indicates that the certificate is a CA-signed certificate.
"self", indicates that the certificate is a certificate owner signed one.
"x.509", indicates the certificate is the one created and signed according to the definition of PublicKey System suggested by x.509.
Action:
View: view the certificate.
Remove: remove the certificate.
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Click Import Certificate button to import your certificate.
Enter the certificate name and insert the certificate.
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Click Apply to confirm your settings.
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Multicast
Multicast is one of the three network transmission modes, Unicast, Multicast, Broadcast. It is a
transmission mode that supports point-to-multipoint connections between the sender and the
recipient. IGMP protocol is used to establish and maintain the relationship between IP host and the
host directly connected multicast router.
IGMP stands for Internet Group Management Protocol, it is a communications protocols used to
manage the membership of Internet Protocol multicast groups. IGMP is used by IP hosts and the
adjacent multicast routers to establish multicast group members. There are three versions for IGMP,
that is IGMPv1, IGMPv2 and IGMPv3.
MLD, short for Multicast Listener Discovery protocol, is a component if the Internet Protocol
version 6(IPv6) suite. MLD is used by IPv6 to discover multicast listeners on a directly attached link,
much as IGMP used in IPv4. The protocol is embedded in ICMPv6 instead of using a separate
protocol. MLDv1 is similar to IGMPv2 and MLDv2 is similar to IGMPv3.
IGMP
Multicast Precedence: It is for multicast QoS. With lower multicast precedence, IGMP packets will
be put into higher-priority queue. Default is set to disable.
Default Version: Enter the supported IGMP version, 1-3, default is IGMP v3.
Query Interval: Enter the periodic query interval time (sec) the multicast router sending the query
message to hosts to understand the group membership information.
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Query Response Interval: Enter the response interval time (sec).
Last Member Query Interval: Enter the interval time (sec) the multicast router query the specified
group after it has received leave message.
Robustness Value: Enter the router robustness parameter, 2-7, the greater the robustness value,
the more robust the Querier is.
Maximum Multicast Groups: Enter the Maximum Multicast Groups.
Maximum Multicast Data Sources( for IGMP v3): Enter the Maximum Multicast Data Sources,124.
Maximum Multicast Group Members: Enter the Maximum Multicast Group Members.
Fast leave: Check to determine whether to support fast leave. If this value is enabled, IGMP proxy
removes the membership of a group member immediately without sending an IGMP membership
query on downstream. This is very helpful if user wants fast channel (group change) changing in
cases like IPTV environment.
LAN to LAN (Intra LAN) Multicast: Check to determine whether to support LAN to LAN (Intra LAN)
Multicast. If user want to have a multicast data source on LAN side and he want to get IGMP
snooping enabled, then this LAN-to-LAN multicast feature should be enabled.
Membership Join Immediate (IPTV): When a host joins a multicast session, it sends unsolicited
join report to its upstream router immediately. The Startup Query Interval has been set to 1/4 of the
General Query value to enable the faster join at startup.
MLD
Default Version: Enter the supported MLD version, 1-2, default is MLDv2.
Query Interval: Enter the periodic query interval time (sec) the multicast router sending the query
message to hosts to understand the group membership information.
Query Response Interval: Enter the response interval time (sec).
Last Member Query Interval: Enter the interval time (sec) the multicast router query the specified
group after it has received leave message.
Robustness Value: Enter the router robustness parameter, default is 2, the greater the robustness
value, the more robust the Querier is.
Maximum Multicast Groups: Enter the Maximum Multicast Groups.
Maximum Multicast Data Sources( for MLDv2): Enter the Maximum Multicast Data Sources,1-24.
Maximum Multicast Group Members: Enter the Maximum Multicast Group Members.
Fast leave: Check to determine whether to support fast leave. If this value is enabled, MLD proxy
removes the membership of a group member immediately without sending an MLD membership
query on downstream. This is very helpful if user wants fast channel (group change) changing in
cases like IPTV environment.
LAN to LAN (Intra LAN) Multicast: Check to determine whether to support LAN to LAN (Intra LAN)
Multicast. If user want to have a multicast data source on LAN side and he want to get MLD
snooping enabled, then this LAN-to-LAN multicast feature should be enabled.
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Management
SNMP Agent
SNMP, Simple Network Management Protocol, is the most popular one in network. It consists of
SNMP Manager,SNMP Agent and MIB. Every network device supporting SNMP will have a SNMP
Agent which is a management software running in the device.
SNMP Manager, the management software running on the server, it uses SNMP protocol to send
GetRequest、GetNextRequest, SetRequest message to Agent to view and change the information
of the device.
SNMP Agents, the management software running in the device, accepts the message from the
manager, Reads or Writes the management variable in MIB accordingly and then generates
Response message to send it to the manager. Also, agent will send Trap message to the manager
when agent finds some exceptions.
Trap message, is the message automatically sent by the managed device without request to the
manager about the emergency events.
SNMP Agent: enable or disable SNMP Agent.
Read Community: Type the Get Community, which is the authentication for the incoming Get-and
GetNext requests from the management station.
Set Community: Type the Set Community, which is the authentication for incoming Set requests
from the management station.
System Name: here it refers to your router.
System Location: user-defined location.
System Contact: user-defined contact message.
Trap manager IP: enter the IP address of the server receiving the trap sent by SNMP agent.
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TR- 069 Client
TR-069 (short for Technical Report 069) is a DSL Forum (which was later renamed as Broadband
Forum) technical specification entitled CPE WAN Management Protocol (CWMP). It defines an
application layer protocol for remote management of end-user devices.
As a bidirectional SOAP/HTTP based protocol it can provides the communication between customer
premises equipment (CPE) and Auto Configuration Server (ACS). It includes both a safe
configuration and the control of other CPE management functions within an integrated framework. In
the course of the booming broadband market, the number of different internet access possibilities
grew as well (e.g. modems, routers, gateways, set-top box, VoIP-phones).At the same time the
configuration of this equipment became more complicated –too complicated for end-users. For this
reason, TR-069 was developed. It provides the possibility of auto configuration of the access types.
Using TR-069 the terminals can get in contact with the Auto Configuration Servers (ACS) and
establish the configuration automatically and let ACS configure CPE automatically.
Inform: select enable to let CPE be authorized to send Inform message to automatically connect to
ACS.
Inform Interval: Specify the inform interval time (sec) which CPE used to periodically send inform
message to automatically connect to ACS. When the inform interval time arrives, the CPE will send
inform message to automatically connect to ACS.
ACS URL: Enter the ACS server login name.
ACS User Name: Specify the ACS User Name for ACS authentication to the connection from CPE.
ACS password: Enter the ACS server login password.
WAN interface used by TR-069: select the interface used by TR-069.
Display SOAP message on serial console: select whether to display SOAP message on serial
console.
Connection Request Authentication: Check to enable connection request authentication feature.
Connection Request User Name: Enter the username for ACS server to make connection request.
Connection Request User Password: Enter the password for ACS server to make connection
request.
Connection Request URL: Automatically match the URL for ACS server to make connection
request.
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GetRPCMethods:Supported by both CPE and ACS, display the supported RFC listing methods.
Click Apply to apply your settings.
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Http Port
The device equips user to change the embedded web server accessing port. Default is 80.
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Remote Access
It is to allow remote access to the router to view or configure.
Remote Access: Select “Enable” to allow management access from remote side (mostly from
internet). If disabled, no remote access is allowed for any IPs even if you set allowed access IP
address. So, please note that enabling remote access is an essential step before granting remote
access to IPs.
Enable Service: Select to determine which service(s) is (are) allowed for remote access when
remote access is enabled. By default (on condition that remote access is enabled), the web service
(HTTP) is allowed for remote access.
Click Apply button to submit your settings.
"Allowed Access IP Address Range" was used to restrict which IP address could login to access
system.
Valid: Enable/Disable Allowed Access IP Address Range
IP Address Range: Specify the IP address Range, IPv4 and IPv6 address range can be supported,
users can set IPv4 and IPv6 address range individually.
Click Add to add an IP Range to allow remote access.
Note: 1. If user wants to grant remote access to IPs, first enable Remote Access.
2. Remote Access enabled:
1) Enable Valid for the specific IP(s) in the IP range to allow the specific IP(s) to remotely access the
router.
2) Disable Valid for all specific IP(s) in the IP range to allow any IP(s) to remotely access the router.
3) No listing of IP range is to allow any IP(s) to remotely access the router.
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Power Management
Power management is a feature of some electrical appliances, especially computers that turn off the
power or switch to a low-power state when inactive.
Five main parameters are listed for users to check to manage the performance of the router.
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Time Schedule
The Time Schedule supports up to 32 timeslots which helps you to manage your Internet connection.
In each time profile, you may schedule specific day(s) i.e. Monday through Sunday to restrict or
allowing the usage of the Internet by users or applications.
This Time Schedule correlates closely with router’s time, since router does not have a real time
clock on board; it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an
SNTP server from the Internet. Refer to Internet Time for details. You router time should synchronize
with NTP server.
For example, user can add a timeslot named “timeslot1” features a period of 9:00-19:00 on every
weekday.
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Auto Reboot
Auto reboot offers flexible rebooting service (reboot with the current configuration) of router for users
in line with scheduled timetable settings.
Enable to set the time schedule for rebooting.
For example, the router is scheduled to reboot at 22:00 every single weekday, and to reboot at 9:00
on Saturday and Sunday. You can set as follows:
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Diagnostics
Diagnostics Tools
BiPAC 8800NL offers diagnostics tools including “Ping” and “Trace route test” tools to check for
problems associated with network connections.
Ping Test: to verify the connectivity between source and destination.
Destination Host: Enter the destination host (IP, domain name) to be checked for connectivity.
Source Address: Select or set the source address to test the connectivity from the source to the
destination.
Ping Test: Press this button to proceed ping test.
Trace route Test: to trace the route to see how many hops (also see the exact hops) the packet of
data has to take to get to the destination.
Destination Host: Set the destination host (IP, domain name) to be traced.
Source Address: Select or set the source address to trace the route from the source to the
destination.
Max TTL value: Set the max Time to live (TTL) value.
Wait time: Set waiting time for each response in seconds.
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Example: Ping www.google.com
201
Example: “trace” www.google.com
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Push Service
With push service, the system can send email messages with consumption data and system
information.
Recipient’s E-mail: Enter the destination mail address. The email is used to receive system log ,
system configuration,security log sent by the device when the Push Now button is pressed
(information sent only when pressing the button ), but the mail address is not remembered.
Note: Please first set correct the SMTP server parameters in Mail Alert.
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Diagnostics
Check the connections, including Ethernet connection, Internet Connection and wireless connection.
Click Help link that can lead you to the interpretation of the results and the possible, simply
troubleshooting.
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Fault Management
IEEE 802.1ag Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) is a standard defined by IEEE. It defines
protocols and practices for OAM (Operations, Administration, and Maintenance) for paths through
802.1 bridges and local area networks (LANs). Fault Management is to uniquely test the VDSL PTM
connection; Push service
Maintenance Domain (MD) Level: Maintenance Domains (MDs) are management spaces on a
network, typically owned and operated by a single entity. MDs are configured with Names and
Levels, where the eight levels range from 0 to 7. A hierarchal relationship exists between domains
based on levels. The larger the domain, the higher the level value.
Maintenance End Point: Points at the edge of the domain, define the boundary for the domain. A
MEP sends and receives CFM frames through the relay function, drops all CFM frames of its level or
lower that come from the wire side.
Link Trace: Link Trace messages otherwise known as Mac Trace Route are Multicast frames that a
MEP transmits to track the path (hop-by-hop) to a destination MEP which is similar in concept to
User Datagram Protocol (UDP) Trace Route. Each receiving MEP sends a Trace route Reply directly
to the Originating MEP, and regenerates the Trace Route Message.
Loop-back: Loop-back messages otherwise known as MaC ping are Unicast frames that a MEP
transmits, they are similar in concept to an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo (Ping)
messages, sending Loopback to successive MIPs can determine the location of a fault. Sending a
high volume of Loopback Messages can test bandwidth, reliability, or jitter of a service, which is
similar to flood ping. A MEP can send a Loopback to any MEP or MIP in the service. Unlike CCMs,
Loop back messages are administratively initiated and stopped.
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Restart
This section lets you restart your router if necessary. Click
configuration page.
in the low right corner of each
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a firmware
upgrade or if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default Settings to reset to
factory default settings. Or you just want to restart after the current setting, the select the Current
Settings, and Click Restart.
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Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
If your router is not functioning properly, please refer to the suggested solutions provided in this
chapter. If your problems persist or the suggested solutions do not meet your needs, please kindly
contact your service provider or Billion for support.
Problems with the router
Problem
Suggested Action
Check the connection between the router and the
adapter. If the problem persists, most likely it is due
to the malfunction of your hardware. Please contact
your service provider or Billion for technical support.
You have forgotten your login username Try the default username "admin" and password
or password
"admin". If this fails, you can restore your router to
its factory settings by pressing the reset button on
the device rear side.
None of the LEDs is on when you turn
on the router
Problems with WAN interface
Problem
Frequent loss of ADSL line sync
(disconnections)
Suggested Action
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same
telephone line as your router (e.g. telephones, fax
machines, analogue modems) have a line filter
connected between them and the wall socket (unless
you are using a Central Splitter or Central Filter
installed by a qualified and licensed electrician), and
ensure that all line filters are correctly installed and the
right way around. Missing line filters or line filters
installed the wrong way around can cause problems
with your ADSL connection, including causing frequent
disconnections. If you have a back-to-base alarm
system you should contact your security provider for a
technician to make any necessary changes.
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Problem with LAN interface
Problem
Cannot PING any PC on LAN
Suggested Action
Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel.
The LED should be on for the port that has a PC
connected. If it does not lit, check to see if the cable
between your router and the PC is properly
connected. Make sure you have first uninstalled your
firewall program before troubleshooting.
Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are
consistent for both the router and the workstations.
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Appendix: Product Support & Contact
If you come across any problems please contact the dealer from where you purchased your
product.
Contact Billion
Worldwide:
http://www.billion.com
MAC OS is a registered Trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows Me, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7 and
Windows 8 are registered Trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
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