Hydronic Manometer Model HM675 Owner`s Manual

Hydronic Manometer Model HM675 Owner`s Manual
HYDRONIC MANOMETER
MODEL HM675
OWNER’S MANUAL
P/N 6006821, REVISION D
FEBRUARY 2017
HYDRONIC MANOMETER
MODEL HM675
OWNER’S MANUAL
P/N 6006821, REVISION D
FEBRUARY 2017
SHIP TO/MAIL TO:
TSI Incorporated
500 Cardigan Road
Shoreview, MN 55126-3996
USA
U.S.
Technical Support:
(800) 874-2811/(651) 490-2811
Fax:
(651) 490-3824
E-mail address:
answers@tsi.com
Website:
http://www.tsi.com
INTERNATIONAL
Technical Support:
(001 651) 490-2811
Fax:
(001 651) 490-3824
Manual History
The following is a manual history of the Hydronic Manometer
Model HM675 Owner’s Manual (P/N 6006821).
ii
Revision
Date
A
B
C
D
May 2013
June 2015
February 2016
February 2017
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
Warranty
Part Number
Copyright
Address
Fax No.
E-mail Address
Limitation of Warranty
and Liability
(effective February 2015)
6006821 / Revision D / February 2017
©TSI Incorporated / 2013–2017 / All rights reserved.
TSI Incorporated / 500 Cardigan Road / Shoreview, MN 55126 / USA
651-490-3824
answers@tsi.com
(For country-specific terms and conditions outside of the USA, please visit
www.tsi.com.)
Seller warrants the goods, excluding software, sold hereunder, under normal use and
service as described in the operator's manual, to be free from defects in workmanship
and material for twenty-four (24) months, or if less, the length of time specified in the
operator's manual, from the date of shipment to the customer. This warranty period is
inclusive of any statutory warranty. This limited warranty is subject to the following
exclusions and exceptions:
a. Hot-wire or hot-film sensors used with research anemometers, and certain other
components when indicated in specifications, are warranted for 90 days from the
date of shipment;
b. Pumps are warranted for one year or 3000 hours; whichever comes first;
c. Parts repaired or replaced as a result of repair services are warranted to be free
from defects in workmanship and material, under normal use, for 90 days from the
date of shipment;
d. Seller does not provide any warranty on finished goods manufactured by others or
on any fuses, batteries or other consumable materials. Only the original
manufacturer's warranty applies;
e. This warranty does not cover calibration requirements, and seller warrants only that
the instrument or product is properly calibrated at the time of its manufacture.
Instruments returned for calibration are not covered by this warranty;
f. This warranty is VOID if the instrument is opened by anyone other than a factory
authorized service center with the one exception where requirements set forth in the
manual allow an operator to replace consumables or perform recommended cleaning;
g. This warranty is VOID if the product has been misused, neglected, subjected to
accidental or intentional damage, or is not properly installed, maintained, or cleaned
according to the requirements of the manual. Unless specifically authorized in a
separate writing by Seller, Seller makes no warranty with respect to, and shall have
no liability in connection with, goods which are incorporated into other products or
equipment, or which are modified by any person other than Seller.
The foregoing is IN LIEU OF all other warranties and is subject to the LIMITATIONS
stated herein. NO OTHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR
PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR MERCHANTABILITY IS MADE. WITH RESPECT TO
SELLER’S BREACH OF THE IMPLIED WARRANTY AGAINST INFRINGEMENT,
SAID WARRANTY IS LIMITED TO CLAIMS OF DIRECT INFRINGEMENT AND
EXCLUDES CLAIMS OF CONTRIBUTORY OR INDUCED INFRINGEMENTS.
BUYER’S EXCLUSIVE REMEDY SHALL BE THE RETURN OF THE PURCHASE
PRICE DISCOUNTED FOR REASONABLE WEAR AND TEAR OR AT SELLER’S
OPTION REPLACEMENT OF THE GOODS WITH NON-INFRINGING GOODS.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF THE USER
OR BUYER, AND THE LIMIT OF SELLER'S LIABILITY FOR ANY AND ALL LOSSES,
INJURIES, OR DAMAGES CONCERNING THE GOODS (INCLUDING CLAIMS
BASED ON CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR
iii
OTHERWISE) SHALL BE THE RETURN OF GOODS TO SELLER AND THE
REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE, OR, AT THE OPTION OF SELLER, THE
REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE GOODS. IN THE CASE OF SOFTWARE,
SELLER WILL REPAIR OR REPLACE DEFECTIVE SOFTWARE OR IF UNABLE TO
DO SO, WILL REFUND THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE SOFTWARE. IN NO
EVENT SHALL SELLER BE LIABLE FOR LOST PROFITS, BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION, OR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR
INCIDENTAL DAMAGES. SELLER SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR
INSTALLATION, DISMANTLING OR REINSTALLATION COSTS OR CHARGES. No
Action, regardless of form, may be brought against Seller more than 12 months after a
cause of action has accrued. The goods returned under warranty to Seller's factory shall
be at Buyer's risk of loss, and will be returned, if at all, at Seller's risk of loss.
Buyer and all users are deemed to have accepted this LIMITATION OF WARRANTY
AND LIABILITY, which contains the complete and exclusive limited warranty of Seller.
This LIMITATION OF WARRANTY AND LIABILITY may not be amended, modified or
its terms waived, except by writing signed by an Officer of Seller.
Trademarks
CompuDat is a trademark of TSI Incorporated. TSI and the TSI logo are registered
trademark of TSI Incorporated. Microsoft, Excel, Windows, and Vista are registered
trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
iv
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
Contents
Manual History ............................................................................................ ii
Warranty ..................................................................................................... iii
About This Manual .................................................................................... iii
Formatting and Typography .................................................................. iii
Technical Assistance—Help! ................................................................ iii
Safety Information ...................................................................................... v
Labels ..................................................................................................... v
Description of Caution/Warning Symbols ............................................. vi
Caution............................................................................................... vi
Warning.............................................................................................. vi
Caution or Warning Symbols ............................................................. vi
CHAPTER 1 Introduction ........................................................................1-1
Instrument Description ........................................................................1-2
Unpacking ...........................................................................................1-3
CHAPTER 2 Instrument Operation ........................................................2-1
Keypad ................................................................................................2-1
Powering the Instrument .....................................................................2-2
Using the AC Adapter ......................................................................2-2
Battery Installation ...........................................................................2-3
Battery Charging ..............................................................................2-4
Zeroing the Manometer .......................................................................2-6
Zeroing the Gauge Pressure Sensor ...............................................2-6
Zeroing the Differential Pressure Sensor ........................................2-6
Connecting the Manometer to the Test Points....................................2-7
Attaching the Hoses to the Manometer ...........................................2-7
Bleeding the Entrained Air ...............................................................2-7
Attaching the Hoses to the Test Points ...........................................2-8
Performing Pressure Measurements ..................................................2-8
Pressure Measurement Screen .......................................................2-8
Continuous Measurements ..............................................................2-9
Discrete Pressure Measurements ...................................................2-9
Performing Temperature Measurements ..........................................2-10
Connecting the Temperature Probe ..............................................2-10
Disconnecting the Manometer from the Test Points .........................2-10
CHAPTER 3 Maintenance and Troubleshooting ..................................3-1
Routine Maintenance ..........................................................................3-1
Draining the Hoses ..........................................................................3-1
Draining the Manometer Valve ........................................................3-1
In-Line Flow Restrictor .....................................................................3-2
Cleaning the In-line Flow Restrictors ...............................................3-2
Cleaning the Instrument Housing ....................................................3-3
Calibration ...........................................................................................3-3
i
Troubleshooting ..................................................................................3-4
Technical Contacts..............................................................................3-5
APPENDIX A Specifications .................................................................. A-1
APPENDIX B Compliance ...................................................................... B-1
ii
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
About This Manual
This manual explains how to set up, operate, and maintain the TSI®
Incorporated Hydronic Manometer Model HM675. Please read it thoroughly
before using the instrument.
Formatting and Typography

Step-by-step instructions are numbered: 1, 2, 3, etc., set flush-left
against the inside margin.

References to keys on the manometer and the instrument's displayed
readout are represented in bold typeface. In addition to the different
typeface, displayed messages appear in quotes.
Technical Assistance—Help!
For technical assistance or questions about the instrument or this manual,
or if the HM675 Hydronic Manometer needs repair or recalibration, call
Technical Support at (651) 490-2811 or (800) 874-2811.
iii
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iv
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
Safety Information
Carefully read each of the following safety warnings prior
to using the HM675 Hydronic Manometer.
This section gives instructions to promote safe and proper handling of the
HM675 Hydronic Manometer.
IMPORTANT
There are no user-serviceable parts inside the instrument. Refer all repair
and maintenance to a qualified factory-authorized technician. All
maintenance and repair information in this manual is included for use by a
qualified factory-authorized technician.
Labels
Identification and calibration labels are attached to the outside of the
hydronic manometer housing.
1. Serial number label
(back panel) )
2. Calibration label
(back panel)
3. European symbol for
non-disposable item.
Item must be recycled.
v
Description of Caution/Warning Symbols
Appropriate caution/warning statements are used throughout the manual
and on the instrument that require you to take cautionary measures when
working with the instrument.
Caution
C a u t i o n
Failure to follow the procedures prescribed in this manual might result in
irreparable equipment damage. Important information about the operation
and maintenance of this instrument is included in this manual.
Warning
W A R N I N G
Warning means that unsafe use of the instrument could result in serious
injury to you or cause damage to the instrument. Follow the procedures
prescribed.
Caution or Warning Symbols
The following symbols may accompany cautions and warnings to indicate
the nature and consequences of hazards:
Warns that uninsulated voltage within the instrument may
have sufficient magnitude to cause electric shock.
Therefore, it is dangerous to make contact with any part
inside the instrument.
Warns that the instrument is susceptible to electro-static
dissipation (ESD) and ESD protection procedures should be
followed to avoid damage.
Indicates the connector is connected to earth ground and
cabinet ground.
Carefully read each of the following safety warnings prior
to using the HM675 Hydronic Manometer.
W A R N I N G S
 Never use the HM675 Hydronic Manometer or accessories on
potable water systems or other systems which may be used to convey
fluids for human or animal consumption.
 Never charge non-rechargeable batteries by setting battery-type
selection switch to NiMH when using alkaline or other nonrechargeable batteries. Fire, explosions, or other hazards may result.
vi
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
C a u t i o n s
 Never use the HM675 Hydronic Manometer to measure the pressure
of volatile, flammable, or otherwise hazardous fluids or gasses. The
instrument is not designed to be intrinsically safe, nor is it designed
for use with caustic or corrosive chemicals.
 Never connect the HM675 Hydronic Manometer or accessories to
systems which exceed the instrument’s maximum pressure
specification (300 psi; 2068 kPa).
 Observe proper safety precautions and wear appropriate personal
protective equipment, including gloves and eyewear, when working
on high pressure or high temperature systems. Ruptured or leaking
lines pose a potential risk of serious personal injury.
 When using the HM675 Hydronic Manometer, verify all hose
connections are secure prior to taking pressure measurements.
Loose connections may result in the discharge of pressurized water
or air, posing a potential risk of serious personal injury.
 Exercise caution when disconnecting the HM675 Hydronic
Manometer from a pressurized system. Water or air discharged under
pressure poses a potential risk of severe injury.
 Exercise caution in using the HM675 Hydronic Manometer near
electrical equipment. Water spray associated with purging or
disconnecting hoses presents a potential risk of damage to such
equipment.
 Thoroughly drain and dry the HM675 Hydronic Manometer hoses and
internal piping after each use. This will help in limiting the potential for
growth of hazardous microorganisms.
 Never plug into the instrument any power supply other than the one
provided with the instrument.
 Always make certain that the battery switch is in the correct position
for the type of battery being used (Alkaline/NiMH). Failure to do so
may result in Fire, Explosions or other hazard.
 Never use Alkaline and NiMH batteries together on the same
instrument.
 Always use the hoses with the provided Flow Restrictor connected in
line with the shut-off valves to prevent “Water Hammer.” Water
Hammer is a fast moving shock wave of pressure caused by sudden
changes in the system such as a valve being opened or closed or a
pump being turned on or off.
vii
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viii
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
CHAPTER 1
Introduction
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer is an easy-to-use instrument designed
for the accurate measurement of pressure in non-potable water and air
systems. Features of the manometer include the following:

Single-function keys for ease of use

Simultaneous measurement and display of High-side gauge and
Differential pressure

Calculation and display of Low-side gauge pressure

User-selectable units of measure

User-selectable time constant

Easy to read LCD with backlight

Power input via AC adapter or batteries (alkaline or
rechargeable NiMH)

Internal NiMH battery charging

Automatic power shutoff

Splash-proof case

Rugged carrying case for storage of meter, hoses, accessories, tools,
and paperwork
1-1
Instrument Description
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer includes:
 Meter
 Hard carrying case
 (2) 6-foot (1.8 m)
hoses with shut-off
valves
 (2) P/T gauge
adapter probes
 (2) B&G readout
probes
 (2) ¼” Flare male ×
¼” male NPT
fittings
 AC adapter
 (2) Female ¼” NPT
to Male ¼” ISO
Parallel Pipe
Threads
 (2) Female ¼” NPT
to Male ¼” ISO
Tapered Pipe
Threads
 Owner’s manual
 (4) NiMH batteries,
neck strap
 NIST traceable
certificate
An accessory temperature probe is available as an optional tool for the
HM675 Hydronic Manometer. The 18” diameter, stainless steel sheathed
immersion probe is designed for measurement of water line temperatures.
Keypad
LCD Display
Valve Handle
Bottom Port Cover
Neck/Hanging
Strap Clips
Pressure
Ports
AC Power
Adapter
Input Port
USB Port (for
factory calibration)
Temperature Probe
Port 2
Figure 1-1
HM675 Meter Description
1-2
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
Temperature Probe
Port 1
Unpacking
As you unpack the instrument and accessories, check the components
against your packing list. If any parts are missing or damaged, notify TSI
immediately. Tables 1-1 and 1-2 list available standard and optional
components for the HM675 Hydronic Manometer.
Table 1-1
Standard Components
Item
Part No.
Carrying case
1319409
Blue and red hose kit with shut-off valves and flow restrictor
6006813
P/T gauge adapter probes (2)
632360004
B&G readout probes (2)
632360010
AC adapter
6009857
AA-size NiMH battery, four required
1208048
Battery holder
1801206
Neck strap
2913011
Owner’s manual
1980517
Pocket screw driver
3012054
Table 1-2
Optional Components
Item
Accessory fittings kit (USA only)
Part No.
HMFIT
4 in. (10 cm) long, 0.125 in. (3.175 mm) dia. Temperature probe
801290
External battery charger with (4) AA NiMH batteries (USA only)
801093
Please register your HM675 promptly through our website at
http://register.tsi.com. Registration of your product allows us to notify you of
product updates.
Introduction
1-3
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1-4
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
CHAPTER 2
Instrument Operation
Keypad
Each key and its function are described below.
READ
Pressing the READ key initiates taking a time-averaged
reading based on the current setting of the time constant
(TC). Upon taking the reading, the values are displayed onscreen for a period of ten (10) seconds.
UNITS
GAUGE
Pressing the UNITS GAUGE key allows for toggling through
the available units for gauge pressure measurements (High
P and Low P). The available units of measurement are: psi,
inH2O, ftH2O, inHg, kPa, mH2O, mmHg, and bar.
UNITS ΔP
Pressing the UNITS ∆P key allows for toggling through the
available units for differential pressure measurements (dP).
The available units of measurement are: psi, inH2O, ftH2O,
inHg, kPa, mH2O, mmHg, and bar.
Note: When using the accessory temperature probe, the
unit of measurement for temperature (°F or °C) is
driven by the selected unit of measurement for
differential pressure:
 Differential pressure in psi, inH2O, ftH2O, or inHg
→ temperature in °F
 Differential pressure in kPa, mH2O, mmHg, or bar
→ temperature in °C
ZERO
GAUGE
Pressing the ZERO GAUGE key initiates zeroing of the
gauge pressure sensor.
Note: Proper zeroing of the gauge pressure sensor is
achieved with the High pressure (+) port open to
atmosphere and the valve handle in the MEASURE
position.
2-1
TIME
CONSTANT
Pressing the TIME CONSTANT key allows for toggling
through the available settings for the time constant (TC) as
follows: 1, 5, 10, 20, and 30 seconds. The current setting of
the time constant is indicated on the display.
Notes:
 The time constant is the sampling period over which the
manometer averages pressure measurements. Example:
with the time constant equal to 10 seconds, the
displayed reading represents the average of
measurements taken over the previous 10 seconds.
 Increasing the time constant will serve to improve
measurement stability, particularly when measuring
systems with fluctuating pressures.
CONTRAST

Press the CONTRAST ▲ key to increase the display
contrast.
CONTRAST

Press the CONTRAST ▼ key to decrease the display
contrast.
Press the
on or off.
key to turn the HM675 Hydronic Manometer
Press the BACKLIGHT key to turn the display’s backlighting
on or off.
Note: Backlighting has a significant impact on battery life.
Use backlighting only when working in areas where
you cannot read the display with existing light.
Powering the Instrument
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer can be powered by four (4) AA-size
batteries (alkaline or rechargeable NiMH) or the AC adapter.
Using the AC Adapter
The AC adapter allows the HM675 Hydronic Manometer to be powered
from a standard AC wall outlet. When using the AC adapter, alkaline
batteries (if installed) will be bypassed. The AC adapter also charges the
NiMH type batteries (if installed) in the unit.
Note
With the battery-type selection switch set to NiMH, the manometer will
initiate charging the batteries whenever the AC adapter is connected.
2-2
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
C a u t i o n s
 Only use TSI P/N 6009857, the AC adapter supplied with the
instrument, when powering the HM675 Hydronic Manometer
externally. Do not connect the AC adapter or car adapter provided
with the battery optional charger (801093) or any other AC adapter to
the HM675/685. Using any other power cable or power supply may
cause damage to the device and void the warranty.
 Never plug into the instrument any power supply other than the one
provided with the instrument.
WARNING
Never charge non-rechargeable batteries by setting battery-type selection
switch to NiMH with alkaline or other non-rechargeable batteries. Fire,
explosions, or other hazards may result.
Battery Installation
To install/replace the batteries:
1. Turn the manometer off and locate the battery cover on the back of
the unit.
2. Loosen the screw on the battery compartment cover and lift to remove.
3. Remove the battery holder. Tapping the backside of the meter against
your hand may assist in removing the battery holder.
4. Remove the old batteries and replace with fresh batteries (alkaline or
rechargeable NiMH). Ensure that the batteries are correctly oriented
within the battery holder.
5. Set the battery-type selection switch to indicate the type of batteries to
be used (alkaline or rechargeable NiMH).
Battery Type
Selection Switch
Figure 2-1
Location of Battery-Type Selection Switch
Instrument Operation
2-3
WARNING
Do not use Lithium batteries in this instrument. Fire, explosions, or other
hazards may result.
C a u t i o n s
 Never use Alkaline and NiMH batteries together on the same
instrument.
 Always make certain that the battery switch is in the correct position
for the type of battery being used (Alkaline/NiMH). Failure to do so may
result in Fire, Explosions, or other hazard.
6. Reinstall the battery holder. Ensure the battery holder orientation is
such that its terminals make contact with the spring contacts within the
battery compartment.
7. Replace the battery compartment cover.
Notes

The NiMH batteries included with the instrument may require
recharging prior to first use.

Fully charged batteries should enable the instrument to operate for a
period of at least twelve (12) hours.

Setting the battery-type selection switch properly will prevent unwanted
charging of non-rechargeable alkaline batteries and provide charging
of NiMH batteries when the AC adapter is connected.

A battery charge life remaining indicator is shown on the display
whenever the manometer is powered by batteries, and turned on.

When using NiMH batteries, the indicator of battery charge life
remaining will not be accurate due to their inherent non-linear voltage
drop with power use.

Due to the danger of battery leakage, remove batteries from the battery
compartment prior to storage.

Never mix battery types.

For maximum battery life, ensure backlight is “off” when not needed.
Battery Charging
WARNING
Do not use Lithium batteries in this instrument. Fire, explosions, or other
hazards may result.
2-4
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
C a u t i o n s
 Never plug into the instrument any power supply other than the one
provided with the instrument.
 Always make certain that the battery switch is in the correct position
for the type of battery being used (Alkaline/NiMH). Failure to do so may
result in Fire, Explosions or other hazard.
 Never use Alkaline and NiMH batteries together on the same
instrument.
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer allows for internal charging of AA-size
type NiMH (only) batteries. Charging of the batteries is initiated as follows:
1. Turn the manometer off and locate the battery cover on the back of
the unit.
2. Loosen the screw on the battery compartment cover and lift to remove.
3. Remove the battery holder. Tapping the backside of the meter against
your hand may help in removing the battery holder.
4. Verify the batteries installed are rechargeable type NiMH.
5. Set the battery-type selection switch to NiMH (see Figure 2-1).
6. Reinstall the battery holder. Ensure the battery holder orientation is
such that its terminals make contact with the spring contacts within the
battery compartment.
7. Replace the battery compartment cover.
8. Plug in the AC adapter.
Notes

Full charge of the batteries is achieved within four (4) hours.

Fully charged batteries should enable the instrument to operate for a
period of at least twelve (12) hours.

The manometer remains fully operational while charging batteries.

Never attempt to charge battery types other than AA-size rechargeable
NiMH.

For maximum battery life, ensure the backlight is “off” when not
needed.

Never mix battery types.

NiMH batteries should only be charged at room temperature. Starting
with batteries that are too cold or too warm can cause the charge cycle
to terminate early.
Instrument Operation
2-5
Zeroing the Manometer
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer is equipped with both a gauge and
differential pressure sensor, allowing for simultaneous measurement and
display of High-side gauge and Differential pressure. The gauge and
differential pressure sensors are zeroed independently of one another.
Zeroing the Gauge Pressure Sensor
To ensure the most accurate gauge pressure (High P) measurements, the
HM675 gauge pressure sensor should be zeroed prior to taking readings
on each new system. The gauge pressure sensor is zeroed as follows:
1. Disconnect the High pressure (red) hose from the manometer such
that the High pressure (+) port is open to atmosphere.
2. Turn the valve handle on the manometer to the MEASURE position.
3. Press the ZERO GAUGE key. Follow on screen instruction to zero the
gauge pressure sensor.
4. Allow the manometer to stand undisturbed for five (5) seconds until the
zero gauge pressure sensor function has completed.
Notes

Zeroing the gauge pressure sensor requires you to disconnect the High
pressure (red) hose; as such it is often most convenient to zero the
gauge pressure sensor as part of the start-up sequence (i.e., before
hoses have been connected).

The zero offset of the gauge pressure sensor is sensitive to
temperature changes. If moving the manometer between areas of
extreme temperature difference, it is best to allow the meter to settle to
the new temperature prior to zeroing.
Zeroing the Differential Pressure Sensor
To ensure the most accurate differential pressure (dP) measurements, the
HM675 differential pressure sensor should be zeroed prior to taking
readings on each new system. The differential pressure sensor is zeroed
as follows:
1. Go to the Measurement Screen.
2. Turn the valve handle on the manometer to the BYPASS position.
3. The instrument will automatically zero the differential pressure sensor.
Follow the on-screen instructions and return the knob to MEASURE
once this is done.
2-6
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
Notes

Any pressures applied to the hoses will not affect the dP zeroing
function. This feature allows for successful zeroing of the differential
pressure sensor while maintaining connections to the system under
test.

Zeroing of the differential pressure sensor is initiated any time the
valve handle has been turned to the BYPASS position with the meter
turned on. This feature allows for successful zeroing of the differential
pressure sensor while entrained air is being purged from the hoses.

The zero offset of the differential pressure sensor is sensitive to
temperature changes. If moving the manometer between areas with
extreme temperature difference, it is best to allow the meter to settle to
the new temperature prior to zeroing.
Connecting the Manometer to the Test
Points
Attaching the Hoses to the Manometer
1. Connect the straight female flare fitting on the High pressure (red)
hose to the male fitting on the top of the manometer marked with a plus
(+) sign.
2. Connect the straight female flare fitting on the Low pressure (blue)
hose to the male fitting on the top of the manometer marked with a
minus (-) sign.
Bleeding the Entrained Air
To ensure the most accurate pressure measurements, purge all entrained
air within the hoses as follows:
1. Turn the shut-off ball valve on both the High and Low pressure hoses
to the closed position.
2. Turn the valve handle on the manometer to the MEASURE position.
3. Using an appropriate fitting, connect the open end of the High pressure
(red) hose to the test point with the higher line pressure.
4. Attach the appropriate fitting to the open end of the Low pressure
(blue) hose.
5. To ensure all the air is bled from the hoses, hold the open end of the
Low pressure (blue) hose in an upright position over a suitable
receptacle or near a drain.
6. Turn the shut-off ball valve on both the High and Low pressure hoses
to the open position.
7. Turn the valve handle on the manometer to the BYPASS position to
allow the liquid flow to displace the entrained air.
Instrument Operation
2-7
Note
Zeroing of the differential pressure sensor is initiated any time the valve
handle has been turned to the BYPASS position with the meter turned on.
This feature allows for successful zeroing of the differential pressure
sensor while entrained air is being purged from the hoses.
8. Once the liquid is flowing steadily from the Low pressure (blue) hose,
turn the valve handle on the manometer to the MEASURE position.
Note
The time to fully prime the hose with fluid may take up to one minute
depending on the line pressure. Higher line pressure will reduce the bleed
time.
Attaching the Hoses to the Test Points
1. As indicated above, use an appropriate fitting to connect the open end
of the High pressure (red) hose to the test point with the higher line
pressure.
2. Using an appropriate fitting, connect the open end of the Low pressure
(blue) hose to the test point with the lower line pressure.
Note
If the hoses are connected in the inverse orientation (i.e., High pressure
(red) hose to the lower line pressure), the displayed High-side gauge
pressure (High P) will be less than the Low-side gauge pressure (Low P),
and the Differential pressure (dP) will be negative.
Performing Pressure Measurements
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer allows for simultaneous measurement
and display of the High-side gauge and Differential pressure. The
calculated Low-side gauge pressure is also displayed. The manometer is
equipped to make and display either discrete or continuous pressure
measurements.
Pressure Measurement Screen
*Shown with two optional accessory temperature probes attached.
2-8
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
High-Side Gauge Pressure
The High-side gauge pressure
measurement is indicated as High on the
manometer display. The gauge pressure
readings can be positive or negative values
in the range of -20 to 300 psi (-138 to
2068 kPa).
Low-Side Gauge Pressure
The Low-side gauge pressure reading is
indicated as Low on the manometer
display. It represents a calculated value
determined from the measured High-side
gauge and Differential pressure as follows:
Low P = High P – dP
Differential Pressure
The Differential pressure measurement is
indicated as dP on the manometer display.
The differential pressure readings can be
positive or negative values in the range of
±300 psi (±2068 kPa).
Continuous Measurements
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer continuously measures and displays
pressure readings whenever the manometer is turned on, with the
exception of when the READ key is pressed. When the READ key is
pressed, the displayed readings are averaged measurements taken over
the sampling period as defined by the current time constant setting. The
display is updated once per second.
Discrete Pressure Measurements
Taking a discrete pressure measurement allows for measurement and
display of a single time-averaged reading taken over the sampling period
as defined by the current time constant setting. Discrete pressure
measurement values are displayed on-screen for a period of 10 seconds
and then returns to continuous measurement mode.
1. Press the READ key.
2. Allow the manometer to stand undisturbed until the reading is complete
(time of completion dependent on the time constant setting).
Instrument Operation
2-9
Performing Temperature Measurements
The accessory temperature probe is an optional tool for the HM675
Hydronic Manometer. The 1/8” diameter, stainless steel sheathed
immersion probe is designed for measurement of water line temperatures.
When using the accessory temperature probe, the HM675 Hydronic
Manometer is equipped to make and display either discrete or continuous
temperature measurements. Two temperature probes can be connected to
the instrument to measure upstream and downstream temperature
simultaneously.
Connecting the Temperature Probe
Connect the keyed 3-pin plug of the accessory temperature probe to the
mating connector located on the right-hand side of the manometer.
Notes
A locking nut is provided on the accessory temperature probe plug to allow
for a more secure attachment when connecting to the manometer.
When using the accessory temperature probe, the unit of measurement for
temperature (°F or °C) is driven by the selected unit of measurement for
differential pressure:
 Differential pressure in psi, inH2O, ftH2O, or inHg → temperature in °F
 Differential pressure in kPa, mH2O, mmHg, or bar → temperature in °C
Disconnecting the Manometer from the
Test Points
C a u t i o n s
 Exercise caution when disconnecting the HM675 Hydronic Manometer
from a pressurized system. Water or air discharged under pressure
poses a potential risk of severe injury.
 Exercise caution in using the HM675 Hydronic Manometer near
electrical equipment. Water spray associated with purging or
disconnecting hoses presents a potential risk of damage to such
equipment.
 Thoroughly drain and dry the HM675 Hydronic Manometer hoses and
internal piping after each use. This will help in limiting the potential for
growth of hazardous microorganisms.
The following provides a guideline for disconnecting the manometer from
the test points once measurements have been completed.
1. Turn the shut-off ball valve on both the High and Low pressure hoses
to the closed position.
2-10
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
2. Disconnect the High pressure (red) hose from the higher line pressure
test point.
3. Disconnect the Low pressure (blue) hose from the lower line pressure
test point.
Note
If additional measurements at another location/system containing the same
fluid are to be made, it is not necessary to proceed to step 4 and drain the
fluid entrained within the hoses at this time. The fluid remaining within the
hoses will help minimize the time necessary to bleed entrained air prior to
making subsequent measurements.
4. Place the open end of the Low pressure (blue) hose in a suitable
receptacle or near a drain.
5. Turn the valve handle on the manometer to the BYPASS position.
6. Turn the shut-off ball valve on the Low pressure (blue) hose to the
open position to discharge the pressurized fluid out of the open end of
the Low pressure (blue) hose.
7. Elevate the High pressure (red) hose and turn its shut-off ball valve to
the open position to allow for draining of the remaining entrained fluid.
Instrument Operation
2-11
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2-12
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
CHAPTER 3
Maintenance and
Tr o u b l e s h o o t i n g
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer has been designed to provide long-term
field use with minimum required maintenance. As with any precision
electronic device, however, proper care, maintenance, and handling will
further ensure its accurate and reliable operation.
IMPORTANT
There are no user-serviceable parts inside this instrument. Opening the
instrument case may void the warranty. TSI recommends that you return
the HM675 Hydronic Manometer to the factory for any required
maintenance or service not described in this manual.
Routine Maintenance
The following guidelines should be followed whenever storing the HM675
Hydronic Manometer:
Draining the Hoses
Fluid within the High (red) and Low (blue) pressure hoses should be
properly drained whenever the instrument is being stored after use.
1. Disconnect the manometer hoses from the test points (Reference
Chapter 2, "Disconnecting the Manometer from the Test Points").
2. Disconnect the High (red) and Low (blue) pressure hoses from the
manometer.
3. Turn the shut-off ball valve on both the High and Low pressure hoses
to the open position.
4. Using a suitable high pressure air source, blow the entrained liquid
from both hoses.
Draining the Manometer Valve
Fluid within the manometer valve should be properly drained whenever the
instrument is being stored after use.
1. Disconnect the High (red) and Low (blue) pressure hoses from the
manometer.
2. Turn the valve handle on the manometer to the BYPASS position.
3. Hold the manometer with the pressure ports directed downward to
allow liquid to drain from the unit.
3-1
4. Turn the valve handle on the manometer to the MEASURE position.
5. Hold the manometer with the pressure ports directed downward to
allow liquid to drain from the unit.
Note
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer should be stored with the valve handle in
the MEASURE position.
In-Line Flow Restrictor
The blue and red hose assemblies include flow restrictors. The flow
restrictors must be used to prevent damage to the pressure sensors from
unexpected water hammering or pressure spikes and also acts as a filter.
Do not use the HM675 Hydronic Manometer without the flow restrictors
installed in the hose assemblies or sensor damage or clogging will occur.
Short Hose Section
Flow Restrictor
Shut-Off Valve
Cleaning the In-line Flow Restrictors
These flow restrictors should be flushed periodically with clean water to
minimize potential clogging.
1. Disconnect the hose from the manometer.
2. Turn the shut-off ball valve on the hose to the closed position.
3. Connect the straight female flare fitting (farthest from the hose shut-off
valve) on the hose to a suitable water source.
4. Place the open end of the hose in a suitable receptacle or near a drain.
5. Turn the shut-off ball valve on the hose to the open position and allow
water to flush through for several minutes.
6. Using a suitable high pressure air source, blow the entrained water
from the hose.
7. Repeat with the second hose.
Note
If necessary, remove the flow restrictor for further cleaning or flushing.
Reattach to hose assembly when complete.
3-2
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
Cleaning the Instrument Housing
The HM675 Hydronic Manometer may be cleaned using a soft, damp,
clean cloth.
Note
Do not use solvents or abrasive cleaners to clean the instrument housing,
keypad, or display.
Calibration
TSI recommends that the HM675 Hydronic Manometer receive an annual
calibration. TSI will verify calibration of the instrument and re-issue a
certificate of calibration with traceability to NIST. This “annual checkup”
helps to ensure the specified accuracy of the instrument is maintained.
To calibrate the instrument, please ship TSI the complete package that
includes the meter and accessory temperature probe. Everything should be
packed carefully within the carrying case and then inside a shipping box.
The original shipping box and packaging (carton and foam) is preferred.
Before returning the Hydronic Manometer to TSI for service, visit our
website at http://rma.tsi.com or call TSI at 1-800-874-2811 (USA) or
001 (651) 490-2811 for specific return instructions. Customer Service will
need the following information when you call:

The instrument model number

The instrument serial number

A purchase order number (unless under warranty)

A billing address

A shipping address
(continued on next page)
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-3
Troubleshooting
The following table lists the symptoms, possible causes, and
recommended solutions for common problems encountered with the
instrument. If your symptom is not listed, or if the recommended solutions
do not address your problem, please contact the factory.
Symptom
No display
“
“
flashing on display
“8888”
flashing on display
“-----”
on display
Instrument
unresponsive to
pressure
Possible Causes
Unit not turned on.
Corrective Action
Press On/OFF key.
Low or dead batteries.
Replace or recharge the batteries.
Dirty battery contacts.
Clean the battery contacts.
AC adapter not connected.
Low battery charge.
Plug in AC adapter.
Replace or recharge the batteries.
Dirty battery contacts.
Clean the battery contacts.
The indicated measurement is
out of range.
The allowable ranges for pressure and
temperature measurements are shown on
the specifications page.
Try one of the below two steps:
1. Plug in temperature probe.
2. Return the pressure measurement to
the correct range
The temperature sensor is
unplugged
The pressure measurement is
out of the meter’s range.
Hoses are clogged
Make sure hoses and flow restrictors are
unclogged from any debris by following
instructions on Cleaning the In-line Flow
Restrictors.
The following table lists error messages which can be displayed should the
instrument detect a problem. Should any of these error messages recur
repeatedly, the instrument should be returned to the factory for servicing.
3-4
Error Message
Possible Causes & Corrective Action
"Saved Pressure Zero”
There was a problem with a pressure zero reading read from
memory. Differential pressure and gauge pressure should both be
re-zeroed.
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
Technical Contacts

If you have any difficulty installing the Hydronic Manometer, or if you
have technical or application questions about this instrument, contact
an applications engineer at one of the locations listed below.

If the Hydronic Manometer fails, or if you are returning it for service,
visit our website at http://service.tsi.com or contact TSI at:
TSI Incorporated
500 Cardigan Road
Shoreview, MN 55126 USA
Phone: +1-800-874-2811 (USA) or +1 (651) 490-2811
E-mail: technical.service@tsi.com
TSI GmbH
Neuköllner Strasse 4
52068 Aachen
GERMANY
Telephone:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
+49 241-52303-0
+49 241-52303-49
tsigmbh@tsi.com
www.tsiinc.de
TSI Instruments Ltd.
Stirling Road
Cressex Business Park
High Wycombe, Bucks
HP12 3ST
UNITED KINGDOM
Telephone:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
+44 (0) 149 4 459200
+44 (0) 149 4 459700
tsiuk@tsi.com
www.tsiinc.co.uk
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-5
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3-6
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
APPENDIX A
Specifications
Model HM675 Hydronic Manometer specifications are as follows
(specifications are subject to change without notice).
Range
Differential Pressure ................
Gauge Pressure ......................
Operating Temperature ...........
Storage Temperature ..............
Temperature Probe .................
Liquid Media ............................
±300 psi (±2068 kPa)
-20 to 300 psi (-138 to 2068 kPa)
(-40 to 610 in.Hg)
40 to 113°F (5 to 45°C) electronics
-4 to 140°F (-20 to 60°C)
-40 to 250°F (-40 to 121°C)
32 to 180°F (0 to 82°C)
Resolution
Pressure (best) ........................
Temperature ............................
0.001 psi (0.01 kPa) (0.01 in. Hg)
0.1°F (0.1°C)
Accuracy
Pressure1 .................................
Temperature ............................
±1% of reading +.072 psi (0.5 kPa)
(0.15 in.Hg)
±0.5% of reading +1.2°F (0.7°C)
Units
Pressure ..................................
Temperature ............................
psi, in. H2O, ft H2O, kPa, mm Hg, in. Hg,
m H2O, bar
degrees F, degrees C
Time Constant ........................
user selectable (1, 5, 10, 20, and 30
seconds)
Display ....................................
LCD with backlight
Dimensions (meter only) ........
11.1 in. × 4.7 in. × 3.5 in.
(28.2 cm × 11.9 cm × 8.8 cm)
Pressure Connection ............
¼” 37° Flare Fitting, Male
Weight with Batteries ............
2.65 lb. (1.20 kg)
Power Requirements .............
four AA-size cells, alkaline or
rechargeable NiMH (included), or AC
adapter (included) 9 VDC, 2 A, regulated
Battery Life2............................
minimum of 12 hours with backlight on
minimum of 18 hours with backlight off
Recharge Time .......................
4 hours (internal charger)
Warranty .................................
2-year factory warranty
1
Accuracy statement applies from -15 to 250 psi (-103 to 1724 kPa).
2
The minimum battery life stated will occur after the NiMH batteries have been recharged
2 to 3 times after initial charge.
A-1
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A-2
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
APPENDIX B
Compliance
CE Marking
EN61326 / EN 55011, Class B: Radiated Emissions
EN61326 / EN 55011, Class B: Conducted Emissions
EN61000-4-2: Electrostatic Discharge Immunity
EN61000-4-3: Electromagnetic Field Immunity
EN61000-4-4: Burst Immunity
EN61000-4-5: Surge Immunity
EN61000-4-6: Conducted PS Immunity
EN61000-4-8: Rated Power-Frequency Field Immunity
EN61000-4-11: Voltage Dips\Short Interruptions Immunity
RoHS Marking
Yes
B-1
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B-2
Hydronic Manometer Model HM675
TSI Incorporated – Visit our website www.tsi.com for more information.
USA
UK
France
Germany
Tel: +1 800 874 2811
Tel: +44 149 4 459200
Tel: +33 1 41 19 21 99
Tel: +49 241 523030
P/N 6006821 Rev D
India
China
Singapore
©2017 TSI Incorporated
Tel: +91 80 67877200
Tel: +86 10 8219 7688
Tel: +65 6595 6388
Printed in U.S.A.
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