12475 THUNDER AC6
Thank you for purchasing the 6Cell Charger. You get a
rapid charger/discharger with a built-in balance, which is
computerized with a high performance microprocessor
and specialized operating software.
Please read this entire operating manual completely
and attentively as it contains a wide variety of specific
programming and safety information.
Specifications
Operating voltage range:
DC 10.0—18.0 Volt
Circuit power:
max. 50W for charging
max.5W for discharging
Charge/Discharge current range:0.1—5.0A/0.1—1.0A
Current drain for balancing Li-po: 300mAh/cell
NiCd/NiMH battery cell count: 1—15Cells
1—6Series
Lithium battery cell count:
Pb battery voltage: 2 to 20V
Special features
Optimized operating software
When charging or discharging, it has an “AUTO”
function that sets the feeding current automatically.
Especially for Lithium batteries, it can prevent the overcharging can lead to an explosion by users fault. Every
program in the unit is controlled with mutual links and
communication for every possible error so it introduces a
maximum safety. These can be set at users option.
Dual input power
It employs the circuit that maximum output power of
50W for charging. As a result, it can charge up to 15
cells of NiCd/NiMH and 6 series of Lithium batteries with
maximum current of 5A. But there might be the limit of
feeding current to a higher voltage of battery. Please
refer to “Maximum circuit power charge”.
Individual voltage balancer for Lithium batteries
inside
It has an individual-cell-voltage balancer inside. So it
does not need any balancer separately when charging
Lithium batteries (Lilon/LiPo/LiFe) for cell voltage
balancing.
Balance individual cells on discharge
It also can monitor and balance individual cells of the
Lithium battery pack during the discharge process. If the
voltage of any one cell varies abnormally, the process
will be stopped with the error message.
Accept various types of Lithium battery
It can accept three types of Lithium batteries: Lilon,
LiPo and LiFe. They have different characteristics by
their chemistry. You can select any one of them that
you are going to process before the job. For their
specifications, refer to “Warnings and safety notes”
section.
Lithium battery “Fast” and “Storage” mode
You can charge Lithium battery for special purposes.
“Fast” charge reduces the charging time of Lithium
battery and “Storage” mode controls the final voltage of
the battery to be suit for long time storage.
Maximum safety
Delta-peak sensitivity: The automatic charge
termination program works on the principle of the Deltapeak voltage detection. (NiCd/NiMH)
Auto-charge current limit: When charging NiCd or NiMH
at “AUTO” current mode, you can set the upper limit of
charge current to avoid from high current charging. This
is very useful when charging the low impedance and
small capacity NiMH battery in “AUTO” mode.
Capacity limit: The charging capacity always calculated
by multiple of the charging current and time. If the
charging capacity exceeds the limit the process will be
terminated automatically when you set the maximum
value.
Temperature limit: The temperature of the battery on
charging will rise by its internal chemical reaction. If you
set the limit of temperature the process will be expired
forcibly when the limit has reached.
Processing time limit: You can also restrain the
maximum process time to prevent from any possible
defect.
Input power monitor: To protect the car battery using
as DC input power from being damaged the voltage of
it always monitored. If it drops below the lower limit the
process will be ended automatically.
Data store/load
For users convenience it can store maximum 5 data of
different batteries. You can establish the data contains
program setting of the battery to charge or discharge
continually. These data can be called out at any time you
need and the process can be executed without program
setting.
Cyclic charging/discharging
Perform 1 to 5 cycles of charge> discharge or
discharge> charge continually for battery refreshing and
balancing.
PC based analysis using USB communication
For technical expert, it offers PC based program can
analysis the characteristic of the battery by USB port.
It shows a graph of voltage, current, capacity and
temperature curves. It also shows the individual voltage
of each cell in the Lithium battery pack.
Warnings and safety notes
Those warnings and safety notes are particularly
important. Please follow the instructions for a maximum
safety; otherwise the charger and the battery can be
damaged violently. And also it can cause a fire to injure a
human body or to lose the property.
1.Never leave the charger unsupervised when it is
connected to its power supply. If any malfunction is
observed immediately terminate the process and refer to
the operation manual.
2.Keep away the charger from dust, damp, rain, heat
direct sunshine and vibration. Do not drop it.
3.The circuit of this charger is designed to be powered
by a 12V DC. But do not supply both input power
simultaneously. The circuit can be damaged permanently.
4.This charger and battery to be charged and
discharged should be set up on a head-resistant, noninflammable and non-conductive surface. Never place
them on a car seat, carpet or similar.
5.Keep all the inflammable volatile materials well away
from operation area.
6.Be sure to understand the information of the battery
to be charged or discharged accurately. If the program is
set up incorrectly the battery can severely be damaged.
Especially Lithium battery can cause a fire or an
explosion by over-charging.
NiCd/NiMH voltage level: 1.2V/cell
allowable fast charge current: 1C—2C depends on the performance of cell
discharge voltage cut off level: 0.85V/
cell(NiCd), 1.0V/cell(NiMH)
Lilo
voltage level: 3.6V/cell
max. charge voltage: 4.1V/cell
allowable fast charge current : 1C or less
min. discharge voltage cut off level: 2.5V/
cell or higher
LiPo
voltage level: 3.7V/cell
max. charge voltage: 4.2V/cell
allowable fast charge current : 1C or less
min. discharge voltage cut off level: 3.0V/
cell or higher
LiFe
voltage level: 3.3V/cell
max. charge voltage: 3.6V/cell
allowable fast charge current : 4C or less (e.g.A123M1)
min. discharge voltage cut off level: 2.0V/
cell or higher
Pb
voltage level: 2.0V/cell
(Lead-acid) max. charge voltage: 2.4V/cell
allowable fast charge current : 0.4C or less
min. discharge voltage cut off level: 1.75V/cell or higher
7.To avoid short-circuits between the charge lead,
always connect the charge cable to the unit first and only
then to the battery to be charged or discharged. Reverse
the sequence when disconnection.
8.Do not connect more than one battery pack to charge
at any one time.
9.Do not attempt to charge or discharge below types of
battery:
1)Battery pack, which consists of different types of cell
(including different manufacturers).
2)Battery, which is already fully charged or just slightly
discharged.
3)Non-rechargeable batteries. (Explosion hazard)
4)Batteries that require a different charge technique
from NiCd, NiMH, Lilon, LiPo, LiFe or Pb.
5)Faulty or damaged battery.
6)Battery fitted with an integral charge circuit or a
protection circuit.
7)Batteries installed in a device, or which are electrically
linked to other components.
8)Batteries that are not expressly stated by the
manufacturer to be suitable for the currents the charger
delivers during the charge process.
10.Please check below point before charge operation.
1)Select the appropriate program which is suitable for
the type of battery.
2)Set up adequate current for charging or discharging.
3)Lithium battery pack can be composed with parallel
and series circuits mixed. You have to check the
composition of the battery pack carefully before charging.
4)Be sure all the connections firm and safe, on
intermittent contact at any point in the circuit.
General notes on operating it.
Charging
A specific quantity of electrical energy is fed into the
battery during charge process. The charge quantity
is calculated by multiplying charge current by charge
time. The maximum permissible charge current varies
according to the battery type or its performance, and
can be found in the information provided by the battery
manufacturer. It is only allowed to charge batteries at
rates higher than the standard charge current if they are
expressly stated to be capable of quick-charge.
Connect the battery to charge to output terminal of
the charger using suitable charge lead. They are red,
positive (+) and black, negative (-). Since the charger
cannot detect the difference between the internal
resistance of the battery pack, cable resistance and
connector transfer resistance, the first requirement if the
charger to work properly is that the charge lead should
be of adequate conductor cross-section. And also highquality connectors (normally gold-contact type) must be
fitted to both ends.
Refer to the information provided by the battery
manufacturer regarding charging methods, and verify
the recommended charge current and charge time.
Especially for Lithium batteries, you have to follow the
charge instruction provided by the manufacturer strictly.
Do not attempt to disassemble the battery pack
arbitrarily.
You have to pay attention to verify the capacity and the
voltage of the Lithium battery pack. It may be composed
of parallel and series connection mixed. In parallel link
the capacity of the battery pack is multiplied by the
number of cells but the voltage remains same. That kind
of voltage imbalance causes a fire or explosion during
charge process. We recommend you compose the
Lithium battery pack in series only.
Discharge
The typical purpose of discharge is to determine the
residual capacity of the battery, or to lower the voltage
of battery to a defined level. When you discharge the
battery you also have to pay attention on the process
same as charging. To avoid the battery becoming deepdischarged, set the final discharge voltage correctly.
Lithium batteries should not be deep-discharged to lower
than the minimum voltage, as this leads to a rapid loss of
capacity or a total failure. Generally, you do not need to
discharge Lithium battery voluntarily.
Some rechargeable batteries are said to have a
memory effect. If they are partly used and recharged
before the whole charge is drawn out, they “remember”
this and next time will only use that part of their capacity.
This is a “member effect”. NiCd and NiMH batteries are
said to suffer from memory effect. They prefer complete
cycles; fully charge then use until empty, do not recharge
before storage—allow them to self-discharge during
storage. NiMH batteries have less memory effect than
NiCd.
The Lithium battery prefers a partial rather than a full
discharge. Frequent full discharges should be avoided if
possible. Instead, charge the battery more often or use a
larger battery.
The brand-new NiCd battery pack is partially useful
with its capacity until it has been subjected to 10 or more
charge cycles in any case. The cyclic process of charge
and discharge will lead to optimize the capacity of battery
pack.
Program flow chart
10
Initial parameter set up (Users set up)
It will be operated with the default value of the essential
user settings when it is connected to a 12V battery or
a AC wall socket for the first time. The screen displays
the following information is sequence and the user can
change the value of parameter on each screen.
When you are willing to alter the parameter value in
the program, press Start/Enter key to make it blink
then change the value with INC/DEC key. The value
will be stored by pressing Start/Enter key once.
The screen displays the
nominal voltage of Lithium
LiFe
battery. There are three
V.Type 3.3V
kinds of Lithium battery;
Display
LiFe(3.3V), Lilo(3.6V) or
- +
LiPo(3.7V). this is very
DEC INC
DEC INC
important so you have to
check the battery carefully
and set it up correctly. If it is different from correct value
the battery can explode during charge process.
LiPo/Lilo/LiFe
CHK Time 10min
Display
-
+
DEC INC
DEC INC
It recognise the cell
count of Lithium battery
automatically at the
beginning of charge or
discharge process to
avoid from erroneous
setting by user. But deeply
discharged battery can be
11
perceived incorrectly. To prevent the error, you can set
the time term to verify the cell count by the processor.
Normally, 10 minutes are enough to perceive the cell
count correctly. For the battery of larger capacity, you
may extend the time term. But if you set the time term
too long for the battery of smaller capacity, the charge
or discharge process can be finished within the time
term with the erroneous cell count. This may cause the
fatal result. If the processor
recognizes the cell count
NiMH Sensitivity
incorrectly at the beginning
D.Peak
Default
of charge or discharge
Display
process, you may extend
- +
DEC INC
the time. Otherwise, you
DEC INC
had better use with the
default value.
This shows the trigger
voltage for automatic
NiCd Sensitivity
charge termination of
D.Peak Default
NiMH and NiCd battery.
Display
The effective value ranges
- +
DEC INC
from 5 to 20mV per cell. If
DEC INC
the trigger voltage is set
higher, there is a danger
of overcharging the battery; if it is set lower, there is a
possibility of premature termination. Please refer the
technical specification of the battery.
(NiCd default: 12mV, NiMH default: 7mV)
You can select the function of 3-pin port at left side of
12
the unit. It can be used temperature sensor port or USB
port, selected at this screen. If the port is assigned as
a temp. port, an optional temperature probe contacting
the surface of battery can be used. When it is selected
as an USB port, you can link the charger to your PC
via an optional USB cable.
This can utilize the optional
USB/Temp Select
software that can show you
Temp Cut-Off 80C
the charge process at PC.
Display
You can set the maximum
- +
- +
temperature at which the
DEC INC
DEC INC
charger should allow battery
to reach during charge.
Once a battery reaches
USB/Temp Select
this temperature during
USB Enabled
charge, the process will be
Display
terminated to protect the
battery.
DEC INC
The battery is on the
cyclic process of charge
and discharge can often
Display
become warm after charge
- +
- +
DEC INC
DEC INC
or discharge period. The
DEC INC
program can insert a time
delay to occur after each
charge and discharge process to allow the battery
adequate time to cool down before being subjected
to the next process. The value ranges from 1 to 60
minutes.
Waste time
CHG/DCHG
5min
13
When you start a charge process, the integral safety
timer automatically starts running at the same time. This
is programmed to prevent
overcharge the battery if it
Safety timer
proves to be faulty, or if the
ON
120min
termination circuit cannot
Display
detect the battery full.
- +
- +
DEC INC
DEC INC
Please refer the statement
DEC INC
in below to calculate the
time setting.
This program sets the
maximum
charge capacity
Capacity Cut-Off
that
will
be
supplied to
ON
5000mAh
the battery during charge.
Display
If the delta-peak voltage
- +
- +
DEC INC
DEC INC
i s n o t d e t e c t e d n o r t he
DEC INC
safety timer expired by any
reason, this feature will
automatically stop the process at the selected capacity
value.
Key Beep
Buzzer
ON
ON
Display
-
+
DEC INC
DEC INC
The beep sounds at every
time pressing the buttons
to confirm your action. The
beep or melody sounded
at various times during
operation to alert different
mode changes. These
audible sounds can be on
or off.
14
Input power Iow
Cut - Off 10.0V
Display
-
+
DEC INC
This program monitors
the voltage of input DC
battery. If the voltage drops
below the value you set the
operation forcibly terminated
to protect the input battery.
Lithium battery (Lilo/LiPo/Life) program
These programs are only suitable for charging and
discharging Lithium batteries with a nominal voltage of
3.3V, 3.6V and 3.7V per cell. These batteries need to
adopt different charge technique is termed a constant
voltage (CV) and constant current (CC) method. The
charge current varies according to the battery capacity
and performance. The final voltage of charge process is
also very important; it should be precisely matched with
the charade voltage of the battery. They are 4.2V for
LiPo, 4.1V for Lilo, and 3.6V for LiFe. The charge current
and nominal voltage as for cell count set on the charge
program must always be correct for the battery to be
charged.
When you are willing to alter the parameter value in the
program, press Start/Enter key to make it blink then
change the value with INC or DEC key. The value will
be stored by pressing Start/Enter key once.
Charging Lithium battery
The left side of the first line shows the type of battery
you select at the users setting. The value on the left side
of second line sets a charge current and the value on the
right side of second line sets the voltage of the battery
15
LiPo
2.0A
-
+
DEC INC
Batt type
Stop
CHARGE
11.1V(3S)
Display
-
+
DEC INC
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
pack.
After setting the current
and voltage press Start/
Enter key for more than 3
seconds to start the process.
(Charge current: 0.1—
5.0A, Voltage: 1—6 series)
This shows the number of cells you set up and the
processor detects. “R:” shows the number of cells
found by the charger and “S:” is the number of cells
selected by you at the previous screen. If both numbers
are identical you can start
charging by press Start/
R:3 SER S:3SER
Enter button. If not, press
CONFIRM(ENTER)
Batt type/Stop button
Display
to go back to previous
Start
screen. Then carefully
Enter
check the number of cells of
the battery pack to charge
again.
Li3S 2.0A 12.59V
CHG 022:43 00682
The screen shows the
Display
present situation during
number charging
battery charged charge process. To stop
of
time
voltage capacity
cells
charging press Batt
charge
current
type/Stop key once.
Charging Lithium battery at balance mode
This is for balancing the voltages of Lithium batteries
16
of the battery pack to be charged. To do this, the battery
pack being charged should have the individual cell
connector. And connect it to the individual port at the
right side of charger with a suitable connection cable
that fits with your battery pack. And also, you need to
connect the battery output plug to the output of charger.
In this mode, the charging process will be different
from ordinary charging mode. The internal processor of
the charger will monitor the voltages of each cell of the
battery pack and controls the charging current that is
feeding to each cell to normalize the voltage.
The value on the left side
of second line sets a charge
current and the value on
Display
the right side of second
- +
- +
DEC INC
DEC INC
line sets the voltage of the
Batt type
Start
'>3 seconds' battery pack.
Stop
Enter
After setting the current
and voltage press Start/
Enter key for more than 3 seconds to start the process.
LiPoBALANCE
2.0A
11.1V(3S)
This shows the number
of cells you set up and the
processor detects. “R:”
Display
shows the number of cells
Start
found by the charger and
Enter
“S:” is the number of cells
selected by you at the
previous screen. If both numbers are identical you can
start charging by press Start/Enter button. If not,
R:3 SER S:3SER
CONFIRM(ENTER)
17
press Batt type/Stop button to go back to previous
screen. Then carefully check the number of cells of the
battery pack to charge again.
Li3S 2.0A 12.59V
CHG 022:43 00682
Display
number charging
of
time
cells
battery charged
voltage capacity
charge
current
The screen shows the
present situation during
charge process. To stop
charging press Batt
type/Stop key once.
“FAST” charging Lithium battery
The charging current is getting smaller as the process
goes to the near end term of Lithium battery charging.
To finish charging process earlier, this program eliminate
certain term of CV process. Actually, the charging
current will goes to 1/5 from the initial value to end
the process while the normal charging goes to 1/10
during CV term. The charging capacity may be a bit
smaller than normal charging but the process time will
be reduced.
LiPoFAST CHG
2.0A
11.1V(3S)
-
+
DEC INC
Batt type
Stop
Display
-
+
DEC INC
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
Yo u c a n s e t u p t h e
charging current and the
voltage of the battery
pack being charged.
As you press Star t/
Enter button the voltage
18
confirmation will be displayed. And then, if you confirm
the voltage and current, press Start/Enter button
again to start charging.
Li3S 2.0A 12.59V
FAS 022:43 00682
This shows the present
state of “FAST” charging.
To stop charging arbitrary,
press Batt type/Stop
key once.
Display
number
of
cells
elapsed
time
supplied Current
capacity voltage of
battery
charge
current
“STORAGE” control Lithium battery
This is for charging or discharging Lithium battery
not to be used for the time being. The program will
determine to charge or discharge the battery to the
certain voltage depending on the voltage of the battery
at its initial stage. They are different from the type of the
battery, 3.75V for Lilo, 3.85V for LiPo and 3.3V for LiFe
per cell. If the voltage of battery at its initial stage is over
the voltage level to storage, the program will start to
discharge.
LiPoSTORAGE
2.0A
11.1V(3S)
-
+
DEC INC
Batt type
Stop
Display
-
+
DEC INC
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
You can set up the current
and the voltage of the
battery pack to be charged.
The current will be used
for charge or discharge
the battery to reach the
“storage” level of voltage.
19
The screen shows the
present situation during
charge process. To stop
charging press Batt
type/Stop key once.
Li3S 2.0A 12.59V
STO 022:43 00682
Display
number
of
cells
elapsed
time
supplied Current
capacity voltage of
battery
charge
current
Discharging Lithium battery
The value of discharge current on the left side of screen
may not exceed 1C for a maximum safety and the final
voltage on the right should
LiPoDISCHARGE
not be under the voltage
1.0A
11.1V(3S)
level that is recommended
Display
by the battery manufacturer
- +
- +
to avoid deep discharging.
DEC INC
DEC INC
To start to discharge press
Batt type
Start
'>3 seconds'
Stop
Enter
Start/Enter key for more
than 3 seconds.
Li3S 0.4A 12.59V
DSC 022:43 00682
Display
number
of
cells
elapsed
time
discharged
capacity
discharge
current
battery
voltage
20
This shows the present
state of discharge. To stop
discharging press Batt
type/Stop key once.
Voltage balancing and monitoring
during the discharge
The processor monitors the voltage of individual cells
during “storage-mode” and “discharge” of Lithium battery
pack. It tries to normalize the voltages to be equal. For
this feature, the individual plug of the battery pack should
be connected to the individual port of the charger.
If the voltage of any one or more cells varies abnormally
during the procedure, it terminates the process forcibly
with the error message. If this happens, the battery
pack contains the bad cell, or the bad connection of the
cable or plug. You can easily know which one cell is
bad by pressing INC button at time of showing the error
message.
The processor found that
BATTERY VOL ERR
the voltage of one of the cell
CELL LOW VOL
in the Lithium battery pack
Display
is too low.
INC
4.14
2.18
4.16
0.00
4.09
0.00
Display
In this case, the 4th cell is
bad. If there happens the
connection-break of the
cable or plug, the voltage
value may show zero.
NiMH/NiCd battery program
These programs are for charging or discharging NiMH
(Nickel-Metal-Hydride) or NiCd (Nickel-Cadmium) battery
commonly used for R/C models applications. To alter
21
the value at the display, press Start/Enter key to
make it blink then change the value using INC or DEC
key. The value will be stored by pressing Start/Enter
key once.
To start the process, press Start/Enter button for
more than 3 seconds.
Charging NiCd/NiMH battery
This program simply charges the battery using the
current you set. In “Aut” mode, you need to set the
upper limit of charge current to avoid from higher
feeding current that may damage the battery. Because
some batteries of low impedance and small capacity
can lead to the higher charge current by the processor
at automatic charge mode. But in “Man” mode, it will
charge the battery with the
NiMH CHARGE Aut
charge current you set at
CUR LIMIT
5.0A
the display. Each mode can
Display
be switched by pressing
- +
INC and DEC button
DEC INC
simultaneously when the
Batt type
Start
'>3 seconds'
Stop
Enter
current field is blinking.
NiMH 2.0A 7.42V
CHG 022:45 00890
Display
battery
type
elapsed
time
battery
voltage
charge
current
charged
capacity
The screen displays the
current state of charging.
To stop the process, press
Batt type/Stop key
once.
The audible sound indicates
you the end of process.
22
Discharging NiCd/NiMH battery
Set discharge current on the left and final voltage on
the right. The discharge
current ranges from 0.1 to
NiMH DISCHARGE
1.0A and the final voltage
1.0A
11.5V
ranges from 0.1 to 25.0V.
Display
- +
- +
To start the process, press
DEC INC
DEC INC
Star t/Enter key for
Batt type
Start
'>3 seconds' more than 3 seconds.
Stop
Enter
NiMH 1.0A 7.42V
DSC 022:45 00890
Display
battery elapsed
time
type
battery discharged
voltage capacity
discharge
current
Start/Enter button again.
The screen displays
the current state of
discharge. You can alter
the discharge current by
pressing Start/Enter key
during the process. Once
you change the current
value, store it by pressing
To stop discharging press Batt type Stop key
once. The audible sound indicates you at the end of
process.
Charge-to-discharge & discharge-tocharge cycle NiMH/NiCd battery
Set the sequence on the left and the number of cycle
on the right. You can use this function for balancing,
refreshing and break-in the battery. To avoid rising
temperature of the battery, there will a brief cool-off
period that already fixed at “User setting” after each
23
NiMH CYCLE
DCHG>CHG
-
3
Display
+
-
DEC INC
charge and discharge
process. The cycling number
ranges from 1 to 5.
+
DEC INC
Batt type
Stop
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
To stop the process, press
NiMH 1.0A 7.42V
D>C 022:45 00890
Display
battery elapsed
time
type
battery discharged
voltage or charged
capacity
discharge
or charge
current
Batt type/Stop key once.
Yo u c a n c h a n g e t h e
discharge or charge current
by pressing Start/Enter
key once during the
process. The audible sound
indicates you the end of
process.
At the end of the process,
you can see charged or
discharged electric capacities
of the battery at each cyclic
Display
process.
By pressing INC or DEC button, the screen shows
the result of each cycle in order.
DCHG 1 1314mAh
CHG 1 1430mAh
Pb (lead-sulphuric acid) battery program
This is programmed for charging Pb (lead-acid) battery
with nominal voltage from 2 to 20V. Pb batteries are
totally different from NiCd or NiMH batteries. They
can only deliver relatively lower current compare to
their capacity, and similar restrictions definitely apply
24
to charge. So the optimal charge current will be 1/10
of the capacity. Pb batteries must not be charged
rapidly. Always follow the instruction is supplied by the
manufacturer of battery.
When you are willing to alter the parameter value in
the program, press Start/Enter key to make it blink
then change the value with INC or DEC key. The value
will be stored by pressing Start/Enter key once.
Charging Pb battery
Set up the charge current on the left and the nominal
voltage of the battery on the right. The charge current
ranges from 0.1 to 5.0A
Pb CHARGE
and the voltage should be
4.0A
12.0V(6P)
matched with the battery
Display
being charged.
- +
- +
Start the charge process
DEC INC
DEC INC
by
pressing Start/Enter
Batt type
Start
'>3 seconds'
Stop
Enter
key for more than 3
seconds.
Pb-6 4.0A 12.59V
CHG 022:43 00682
Display
battery elapsed
time
type
battery
voltage
charge
current
charged
capacity
The screen displays the
state of charging process.
To stop charging forcibly,
press Batt type/Stop
key once.
The audible sound
indicates you at the end of
process.
25
Discharging Pb battery
Pb DISCHARGE
1.0A
12.0V(6P)
-
+
DEC INC
Batt type
Stop
Display
-
+
DEC INC
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
Set discharge current
on the left and final
voltage on the right. The
discharge current ranges
from 0.1 to 1.0A.
To start the process,
press Start/Enter key
for more than 3 seconds.
The screen displays
the current state of
discharge. You can alter
Display
the discharge current by
battery elapsed battery
discharged pressing Start/Enter
time
type
voltage capacity
key during the process.
discharge
O n c e y o u c h a n g e t he
current
current value, store it by
pressing Start/Enter button again.
To stop discharging press Batt type/Stop key
once. The audible sound indicates you at the end of
process.
Pb-6 0.4A 12.59V
DSC 022:43 00682
Save Data program
It has a data storage and load program for your
convenience. This feature can store up to 5 battery data
by number that represent the individual specification
of batteries you are using. They can be called back for
the process of charging or discharging without setting
up the program again. To set up the parameter value in
26
the program, press Start/Enter key to make it blink then
change the value with INC or DEC key.
PROGRAM SELECT
SAVE DATA
Display
Start
Enter
SAVE [01] NiMH
14.4V
3000mAh
Display
voltage
data
number
Batt type
Stop
type of
battery
capacity
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
The parameter value
setting up in this screen
d o s e n o t a ff e c t c h a r g e
or discharge process.
They only represent the
specification of the battery.
The following screens will
automatically be displayed
exactly matched with the
battery type you set up.
The example shows the
battery pack of NiMH, 12
cells and 3000mAh of
capacity.
Set up the charge current
for manual charge mode,
or the current limit for
Display
automatic charge mode.
- +
DEC INC
DEC INC
Each mode can be switched
by pressing INC and
DEC button at the same time when the current field is
blinking.
NiMH CHARGE At*
CUR LIMIT 5.0A
27
NiMH DISCHARGE *
1.0A 11.0V
-
Display
+
DEC INC
-
DEC INC
Setting up the sequence
of charge and discharge,
and the cycling number.
*
3
Display
+
DEC INC
+
DEC INC
NiMH CYCLE
DCHG>CHG
-
Setting up discharge
current and final voltage.
-
+
DEC INC
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
Save . . .
Saving the data.
Display
Load Data program
This program calls back the data that was stored at
“Save Data” program.
To load the data, press Start/Enter key once to
blink the data number field and select the number using
INC or DEC key then press Start/Enter key for
more than 3 seconds.
PROGRAM SELECT
LOAD DATA
Display
Start
Enter
28
LOAD [01] NiMH
14.4V
3000mAh
Display
Start
'>3 seconds'
Enter
Select the data number to
be called back.
The data matched with the
number will be displayed at
this time.
Load . . .
Loading the data.
Display
Va r i o u s i n f o r m a t i o n d u r i n g t h e
process
You can inquire various information on LCD screen
during charging or discharging process. When you press
DEC button the charger shows the establishment of
user settings. And also you can monitor the voltage of
individual cell by pressing INC button when the individual
connection cable is linked to the Lithium battery being
processed.
End Voltage
12.6(3S)
Display
The final voltage will
be reached at the end of
process.
DEC
29
Capacity Cut-Off
ON 5000mAh
Display
DEC
Safety Timer
ON
200min
Display
DEC
USB/Temp Select
USB
Enabled
The 3-pin port is assigned
as an USB port.
Display
DEC
Ext.Temp
26C
Display
DEC
IN Power Voltage
12.56V
Display
The external temperature
only will be displayed when
using the thermal probe.
The present voltage of
input power.
DEC
4.14
0.00
4.16
0.00
4.09
0.00
Display
Using the individual
connection cable to the
battery, you can check the
30
individual voltages of each cell in the battery pack. When
connect the cable to the port on the right side of the
charger the program shows the voltage of each cells for
maximum 6 cells in sequence. To utilize this feature, the
battery pack must have output connector that linked to
each cells.
Warning and error messages
It incorporates various functions of protective and
monitoring system to verify functions and the state of its
electronics. In any case of occurring error, the screen
displays the cause of error that is self-explanatory with
audible sound.
REVERSE POLARITY
Display
The output is connected
to a battery with incorrect
polarity.
This will be displayed
in case of detecting
an interruption of the
Display
connection between battery
and output or voluntarily disconnecting the charge lead
during the operation of charge or discharge on output.
CONNECTION BREAK
SHORT ERR
Display
There was a short-circuit
at OUTPUT. Please check
the charging leads.
31
INPUT VOL ERR
The voltage of input power
lowers the limit.
Display
VOL SELECT ERR
Display
BREAK DOWN
Display
BATTERY CHECK
LOW VOLTAGE
Display
BATTERY CHECK
HIGH VOLTAGE
Display
BATTERY VOLTAGE
CELL LOW VOL
Display
The voltage of Lithium
battery pack was selected
incorrectly. Verify the voltage
of battery pack carefully.
There happens malfunction
at the charger circuit by any
reason.
The processor detects the
voltage is lower than you set
at Lithium program. Please
check the cell count of the
cell one by one.
The processor detects
the voltage is higher than
you set at Lithium program.
Please check the cell count
of the cell one by one.
The voltage of one of the
cell in the Lithium battery
pack is too low. Please
check the voltage of the cell
one by one.
32
BATTERY VOLTAGE
CELL HIGH VOL
Display
BATTERY VOL ERR
CELL CONNECT
Display
TEMP OVER ERR
Display
CONTROL FAILURE
Display
The voltage of one of the
cell in the Lithium battery
pack is too high. Please
check the voltage of the cell
one by one.
There are bad connection
at the individual connector.
Please check the connector
and cables carefully.
The internal temperature
of the unit goes too high.
Cool down the unit.
The processor can not
continue to control the
feeding current by any
reason. The unit needs to
be repaired.
Glossary of terms
Amps(A): The unit of measure for charge or discharge
electric current. The program of the charger will show
most of the current in amps(A) at its LCD screen.
Milli-amps(mA) : The electric current, being amps(A)
multiplied by 1000 and noted as “mA”. So 2.0A is the
same as 2000mA (2.0*1000). Or, to convert mA to amps,
divide the mA number by 1000. So 200mA is the same
as 0.2A. If a current value is below 1.0A, the LCD screen
33
of the charger will still show the current in amps, not milliamps. For example, a current of 600mA will be displayed
as 0.6A, and a current of 100mA will actually be shown
as 0.1A.
Capacity, milli-amp hours (mAh), and amp-hours (Ah):
Charge energy stored by a battery is called capacity,
which is defined as how much current a battery can
supply constantly over one hour of time. Most hobby
batteries are rated for capacity in “mAh” or milliamp
hours. A 650mAh battery can deliver 650mA of current
for one hour (650mA*1hr=650mAh). The batteries of
very large capacity, such as lead-acid(Pb) batteries,
are usually rated in “Ah” or amp-hours. A “12V 60Ah”
car battery can deliver 60 amps of current for one hour
(60Ax*1hr=60Ah).
Nominal voltage(V) : The nominal voltage of the battery
pack can be determined as follows :
-NiCd or NiMH: multiply the total number of cells in the
pack by 1.2. A 8-cell pack will have a nominal voltage of
9.6 volts (8*1.2).
-LiPo: multiply the total number of cells in the pack
by 3.6. A 3-cell Lilo wired in series will have a nominal
voltage of 11.1 volts (3*3.7).
-Lilo: multiply the total number of cells in the pack
by 3.6. A 2-cell Lilo wired in series will have a nominal
voltage of 11.1 volts (3*3.6).
-LiFe: multiply the total number of cells in the pack
by 3.3. A 4-cell Lilo wired in series will have a nominal
voltage of 11.1 volts (4*3.3).
If the nominal voltage of the battery is not printed on
the battery’s label, consult your battery manufacturer or
34
supplier. Do not guess the rated voltage of battery.
“C”-rating: Capacity is also referred to as the “C”
rating. Some battery suppliers recommend charge and
discharge currents based on the battery “C” rating. A
battery’s “1C” current is the same number as the battery’
s rated capacity number, but noted in mA or amps.
A 600mAh battery has a 1C current value of 600mA,
and a 3C current value of (3*600mA) 1800mA or 1.8A.
The 1C current value for a 3200mAh battery would be
3200mA(3.2A).
Maximum circuit power chart
For the voltage of battery is more than 10V, the actual
amount of charge current delivered to the battery might
automatically be limited so not to exceed the charger’s
maximum rated charging power of 50 watts. And also, for
the battery having more than 5V, the discharge current
delivered to the battery might be limited by the maximum
rated discharge power of 5 watts. The actual feeding
current will be as follow;
35
Maximum charge/discharge current at 12V DC input
NiCd/NiMH
LiPo
Lilon
LiFe
No.of cells Nominal voltage (V) Charge current (A) Discharge currenta (A)
1
1.2
5.0
1.0
2
2.4
5.0
1.0
3
3.6
5.0
1.0
4
4.8
5.0
1.0
5
6.0
5.0
0.8
6
7.2
5.0
0.7
7
8.4
5.0
0.6
8
9.6
5.0
0.5
9
10.8
4.6
0.5
10
12.0
4.2
0.4
11
13.2
3.8
0.4
12
14.4
3.5
0.3
13
15.6
3.2
0.3
14
16.8
3.0
0.3
15
18.0
2.8
0.3
1S
3.7
5.0
1.0
2S
7.4
5.0
0.7
3S
11.1
4.5
0.5
4S
14.8
3.4
0.3
5S
18.5
2.7
0.3
6S
22.2
2.3
0.2
1S
3.6
5.0
1.0
2S
7.2
5.0
0.7
3S
10.8
4.6
0.5
4S
14.4
3.5
0.3
5S
18.0
2.8
0.3
6S
21.6
2.3
0.2
1S
3.3
5.0
1.0
2S
6.6
5.0
0.8
3S
9.9
5.0
0.5
4S
13.2
3.8
0.4
5S
16.5
3.0
0.3
6S
19.8
2.5
0.3
36
!
Individual cell connection diagram(pinassignment of 7-pin)
37
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising