BIRD 43 Datasheet - Test Equipment Solutions Ltd

BIRD 43 Datasheet - Test Equipment Solutions Ltd
Test Equipment Solutions Datasheet
Test Equipment Solutions Ltd specialise in the second user sale, rental and distribution of
quality test & measurement (T&M) equipment. We stock all major equipment types such as
spectrum analyzers, signal generators, oscilloscopes, power meters, logic analysers etc from
all the major suppliers such as Agilent, Tektronix, Anritsu and Rohde & Schwarz.
We are focused at the professional end of the marketplace, primarily working with customers
for whom high performance, quality and service are key, whilst realising the cost savings that
second user equipment offers. As such, we fully test & refurbish equipment in our in-house,
traceable Lab. Items are supplied with manuals, accessories and typically a full no-quibble 2
year warranty. Our staff have extensive backgrounds in T&M, totalling over 150 years of
combined experience, which enables us to deliver industry-leading service and support. We
endeavour to be customer focused in every way right down to the detail, such as offering free
delivery on sales, covering the cost of warranty returns BOTH ways (plus supplying a loan
unit, if available) and supplying a free business tool with every order.
As well as the headline benefit of cost saving, second user offers shorter lead times, higher
reliability and multivendor solutions. Rental, of course, is ideal for shorter term needs and
offers fast delivery, flexibility, try-before-you-buy, zero capital expenditure, lower risk and off
balance sheet accounting. Both second user and rental improve the key business measure of
Return On Capital Employed.
We are based near Heathrow Airport in the UK from where we supply test equipment
worldwide. Our facility incorporates Sales, Support, Admin, Logistics and our own in-house
Lab.
All products supplied by Test Equipment Solutions include:
- No-quibble parts & labour warranty (we provide transport for UK mainland addresses).
- Free loan equipment during warranty repair, if available.
- Full electrical, mechanical and safety refurbishment in our in-house Lab.
- Certificate of Conformance (calibration available on request).
- Manuals and accessories required for normal operation.
- Free insured delivery to your UK mainland address (sales).
- Support from our team of seasoned Test & Measurement engineers.
- ISO9001 quality assurance.
Test equipment Solutions Ltd
Unit 8 Elder Way
Waterside Drive
Langley
Berkshire
SL3 6EP
T: +44 (0)1753 596000
F: +44 (0)1753 596001
Email: info@TestEquipmentHQ.com
Web: www.TestEquipmentHQ.com
RF Directional
Thruline® Wattmeter
Model 43
Also Covers Models 4431, 43P
And Series 4300 and 4520
©Copyright 2013 by Bird Electronic Corporation
Instruction Book Part Number 920-43 Rev. L
Thruline® and Termaline® are registered trademarks
of Bird Electronic Corporation
Safety Precautions
The following are general safety precautions that are not necessarily related to
any specific part or procedure, and do not necessarily appear elsewhere in this
publication. These precautions must be thoroughly understood and apply to all
phases of operation and maintenance.
WARNING
Keep Away From Live Circuits
Operating Personnel must at all times observe general safety precautions. Do
not replace components or make adjustments to the inside of the test
equipment with the high voltage supply turned on. To avoid casualties, always
remove power.
WARNING
Shock Hazard
Do not attempt to remove the RF transmission line while RF power is present.
WARNING
Do Not Service Or Adjust Alone
Under no circumstances should any person reach into an enclosure for the
purpose of service or adjustment of equipment except in the presence of
someone who is capable of rendering aid.
WARNING
Safety Earth Ground
An uniterruptible earth safety ground must be supplied from the main power
source to test instruments. Grounding one conductor of a two conductor
power cable is not sufficient protection. Serious injury or death can occur if
this grounding is not properly supplied.
WARNING
Resuscitation
Personnel working with or near high voltages should be familiar with modern
methods of resuscitation.
WARNING
Remove Power
Observe general safety precautions. Do not open the instrument with the
power on.
i
Safety Symbols
WARNING
Warning notes call attention to a procedure, which if not correctly
performed, could result in personal injury.
CAUTION
Caution notes call attention to a procedure, which if not correctly performed,
could result in damage to the instrument.
The caution symbol appears on the equipment indicating there is
important information in the instruction manual regarding that particular area.
Note: Calls attention to supplemental information.
Warning Statements
The following safety warnings appear in the text where there is danger to operating and maintenance personnel, and are repeated here for emphasis.
WARNING
Leaking RF energy is a potential health hazard. Never attempt to connect or
disconnect equipment from the transmission line while RF power is being applied.
Severe burns, electrical shock, or death can occur.
On page 11.
WARNING
When working with RF powers of 200 watts or more, the potential of the
center conductor of the line section will be over 100 volts. Do not touch the
center conductor while RF power is on.
On page 13.
Caution Statements
The following equipment cautions appear in the text and are repeated here for
emphasis.
CAUTION
For low reflection measurements, do not rotate the reflected power element
to read forward power. Damage to the element or wattmeter could result.
On page 7.
ii
CAUTION
Handle elements with care. Calibration could be disturbed if they are
dropped.
On page 11.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to remove the RF center conductor. This will damage the line
section.
On page 20.
iii
Safety Statements
USAGE
ANY USE OF THIS INSTRUMENT IN A MANNER NOT
SPECIFIED BY THE MANUFACTURER MAY IMPAIR THE
INSTRUMENT’S SAFETY PROTECTION.
USO
EL USO DE ESTE INSTRUMENTO DE MANERA NO
ESPECIFICADA POR EL FABRICANTE, PUEDE ANULAR LA
PROTECCIÓN DE SEGURIDAD DEL INSTRUMENTO.
BENUTZUNG
WIRD DAS GERÄT AUF ANDERE WEISE VERWENDET ALS VOM
HERSTELLER BESCHRIEBEN, KANN DIE GERÄTESICHERHEIT
BEEINTRÄCHTIGT WERDEN.
UTILISATION
TOUTE UTILISATION DE CET INSTRUMENT QUI N’EST PAS
EXPLICITEMENT PRÉVUE PAR LE FABRICANT PEUT
ENDOMMAGER LE DISPOSITIF DE PROTECTION DE
L’INSTRUMENT.
IMPIEGO
QUALORA QUESTO STRUMENTO VENISSE UTILIZZATO IN
MODO DIVERSO DA COME SPECIFICATO DAL PRODUTTORE
LA PROZIONE DI SICUREZZA POTREBBE VENIRNE
COMPROMESSA.
SERVICE
SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS ARE FOR USE BY SERVICE TRAINED PERSONNEL ONLY. TO AVOID DANGEROUS
ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT PERFORM ANY SERVICING
UNLESS QUALIFIED TO DO SO.
SERVICIO
LAS INSTRUCCIONES DE SERVICIO SON PARA USO EXCLUSIVO
DEL PERSONAL DE SERVICIO CAPACITADO. PARA EVITAR EL
PELIGRO DE DESCARGAS ELÉCTRICAS, NO REALICE NINGÚN
SERVICIO A MENOS QUE ESTÉ CAPACITADO PARA HACERIO.
iv
WARTUNG
ANWEISUNGEN FÜR DIE WARTUNG DES GERÄTES GELTEN
NUR FÜR GESCHULTES FACHPERSONAL. ZUR VERMEIDUNG
GEFÄHRLICHE, ELEKTRISCHE SCHOCKS, SIND
WARTUNGSARBEITEN AUSSCHLIEßLICH VON
QUALIFIZIERTEM SERVICEPERSONAL DURCHZUFÜHREN.
ENTRENTIEN
L’EMPLOI DES INSTRUCTIONS D’ENTRETIEN DOIT ÊTRE
RÉSERVÉ AU PERSONNEL FORMÉ AUX OPÉRATIONS
D’ENTRETIEN. POUR PRÉVENIR UN CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE
DANGEREUX, NE PAS EFFECTUER D’ENTRETIEN SI L’ON N’A
PAS ÉTÉ QUALIFIÉ POUR CE FAIRE.
ASSISTENZA TECNICA
LE ISTRUZIONI RELATIVE ALL’ASSISTENZA SONO PREVISTE
ESCLUSIVAMENTE PER IL PERSONALE OPPORTUNAMENTE
ADDESTRATO. PER EVITARE PERICOLOSE SCOSSE
ELETTRICHE NON EFFETTUARRE ALCUNA RIPARAZIONE A
MENO CHE QUALIFICATI A FARLA.
v
RF VOLTAGE MAY BE PRESENT IN RF ELEMENT SOCKET - KEEP
ELEMENT IN SOCKET DURING OPERATION.
DE LA TENSION H.F. PEAT ÊTRE PRÉSENTE DANS LA PRISE DE
L'ÉLÉMENT H.F. - CONSERVER L'ÉLÉMENT DANS LA PRISE LORS
DE L'EMPLOI.
HF-SPANNUNG KANN IN DER HF-ELEMENT-BUCHSE ANSTEHEN ELEMENT WÄHREND DES BETRIEBS EINGESTÖPSELT LASSEN.
PUEDE HABER VOLTAJE RF EN EL ENCHUFE DEL ELEMENTO RF MANTENGA EL ELEMENTO EN EL ENCHUFE DURANTE LA
OPERACION.
IL PORTAELEMENTO RF PUÒ PRESENTARE VOLTAGGIO RF TENERE L'ELEMENTO NELLA PRESA DURANTE IL
FUNZIONAMENTO.
vi
About This Manual
This manual covers the operating and maintenance instructions for the following models:
43
43P
4301
4521
4522
4526
4305A
4431
4527
Changes to this Manual
We have made every effort to ensure this manual is accurate. If you discover
any errors, or if you have suggestions for improving this manual, please send
your comments to our Solon, Ohio factory. This manual may be periodically
updated. When inquiring about updates to this manual refer to the part number
and revision on the title page.
Literature Contents
Chapter Layout
Introduction — Describes the features of the 43 Wattmeter, lists equipment
supplied and optional equipment, and provides power-up instructions.
Theory of Operation — Describes how the 43 Wattmeter works and
Installation — Describes how to set up and prepare the 43 Wattmeter for use.
Operation - All instructions necessary to operate the equipment appears in
this chapter.
Maintenance — Lists routine maintenance tasks as well as troubleshooting
for common problems.
Model Differences — Describes how each individual models vary from each
other.
Specifcations — Specifications and parts information are included in this
chapter.
vii
viii
Table of Contents
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Safety Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Warning Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Caution Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Safety Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Changes to this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Chapter Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Purpose and Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Performance Characteristics and Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chapter 1 Theory of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Travelling Wave Viewpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Coupling Circuit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Load Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Standing Wave vs. Travelling Wave Viewpoint (r vs. f) ................5
Low Reflection Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Transmitter Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Component Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Measuring Insertion Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Frequency Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Impedance Mismatch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Chapter 2 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Replacing Quick-Change Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Chapter 3 Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Normal Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Load Matching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1
Chapter 4 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Troublehshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zero Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 43 Replacement Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 43 Replacement Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Available “QC” Type Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
20
20
21
21
22
23
23
25
Chapter 5 Model Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Bird 43P Peak Wattmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peak Detector Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rectangular Pulses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peak Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 4301 Thruline Wattmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 4305A Thruline Wattmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 4305A Replacement Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 4431 Thruline Wattmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 4431 Replacement Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 4520 Series Thruline Wattmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bird 4520 Series Replacement Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
27
27
27
28
28
29
29
30
31
31
32
33
33
33
34
Chapter 6 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
2
Chapter 1
Introduction
Purpose and Function
The 43 is an insertion-type RF wattmeter, designed to measure RF power and
load match in 50 ohm coaxial transmission lines. It is intended for use with CW,
AM, FM, and TV modulation, but not pulse modulation. When used in 50 ohm
applications, the 43 has a maximum VSWR of 1.05 for frequencies up to 1000
MHz. The meter provides direct readings in watts with an expanded scale for
easy reading. The scale is graduated for 25, 50, and 100 full scale. Elements are
available in a variety of power and frequency ranges (see the Bird Electronic
Corporation Catalog for details).
This manual covers the operation of the Bird 43 Thruline Wattmeter and its
descendants. Two models have RF sampler ports, while the Bird 43P can measure peak power. The Bird 4520 series comes ready for panel mounting. Differences are discussed in Chapter 6, on page 27. Except where indicated,
instructions and specifications for the 43 apply to other models also.
Performance Characteristics and Capabilities
The Bird 43 is portable, with an attached carrying strap. It has an aluminum
housing and an easily removed back cover, with bumpers on the base and
back that allow the meter to stand or lie flat. For additional protection, the
microammeter is specially shock mounted. A slotted screw on the lower front
face of the meter is used to zero the pointer. Below the meter face, the RF line
section protrudes slightly from the wattmeter housing with the element socket
in the center.
The RF line section is precision machined to provide the best possible impedance
match to the transmission line under test. A formed phosphor-bronze spring finger
protrudes into the element socket to make contact with the element.
At each end of the line section are Bird Quick-Change RF connectors that may be
interchanged with any other Bird “QC” connector. The wattmeter housing does
not interfere with connector changes.
To make measurements, a Bird Plug-In Element is inserted into the line section
socket and rotated against one of the stops. A small catch in the corner of the
socket face presses on the shoulder of the element to keep it in proper alignment. This assures good contact between the spring finger and the element
contact and between the lower edge of the element and the line section body
(see Figure 1).
1
Figure 1
Securing an element
Contacts on opposite sides of the element connect with the spring finger when
the element is in the forward or reverse position. This occurs when the stop pin
on the element is against either stop and the catch is in place.
Figure 2
2
Bird 43 Thruline Wattmeter Outline Drawing
Chapter 2
Theory of Operation
Travelling Wave Viewpoint
The easiest way to visualize Thruline operation is from a travelling wave viewpoint. In transmission lines the voltages, currents, standing waves, etc., on any
uniform line section result from the interaction of two travelling waves:
•
Forward Wave (and its power) travels from the source to the load. It
has RF voltage Ef and current If in phase, with Ef / If = Zo.
•
Reflected Wave (and its power) originates by reflection at the load and
travels from the load back to the source. It has an RF voltage Er and
current Ir in phase, with Er / Ir = Zo.
Formulas
Each wave is mathematically simple and has a constant power:
Forward
2
2
2
2
W f = WattsForward = E f ⁄Z o = I f Z o = E f L f
Reflected
W r = WattsReflected = E r ⁄Z o = I r Z o = E r L r
Note: Zo is the characteristic impedance of a uniform line section. For
useful lines it is usually a pure resistance of 50 ohms. The RF circuit of
the Bird 43 is a length of uniform air line with Zo = 50 ohms.
Coupling Circuit
The coupling circuit that samples the travelling waves is in the Bird Plug-In Element. The element circuitry and its relationship to the rest of the Bird 43 are
illustrated in Figure 3.
3
Figure 3
Thruline Wattmeter Schematic
Current is produced in the coupling circuit by the travelling waves in the line
section. Both inductive and capacitive coupling contribute to this. The inductive current flows in the direction of the travelling wave. The capacitive current is independent of the direction of the travelling wave. Therefore, the
inductive current produced by one of the travelling waves will add in phase
with the corresponding capacitive current, while that produced by the wave
travelling in the opposite direction will subtract. The additive or “arrow”
direction is assigned to the forward wave.
The electrical characteristics of the element are carefully adjusted so that, for the
reverse travelling wave, the inductive current will completely cancel the capacitive current. The result is directivity greater than 25 dB. Thus, the element is sensitive at either of its settings, but to only one of the two travelling waves. Thruline
Wattmeter measurements are also independent of position along the transmission line.
Like similar diode devices, the Bird 43 indicates the carrier component of amplitude modulation, with very little response to side band components added by
modulation.
Load Power
For loads with a VSWR of 1.2 or less, the power dissipated in a load (Wl) is
equivalent (with less than one percent error) to the forward power (Wf).
When appreciable power is reflected, as with an antenna, it is necessary to
use the exact load power which is given by:
W 1 = WattsIntoLoad = W f – W r
Good load resistors, such as Bird Termaline loads, will give negligible reflected
power.
4
Standing Wave vs. Travelling Wave Viewpoint (r vs. f)
As mentioned previously, the Thruline Wattmeter reacts to forward and reverse
travelling waves to measure power in a transmission line. The standing wave
viewpoint, also widely used, is highly developed both in theory and in practice.
This viewpoint can be traced to the early use of slotted transmission lines.
The slotted line measures the standing wave ratio by mechanically positioning a
voltage detector at peaks and nulls along a length of line section. Its drawbacks
are that it is usually too long, too expensive for good accuracy, not portable, and
too slow. These problems grow rapidly as the measurement frequency drops
below 1000 MHz. The Thruline Wattmeter by comparison is fast, convenient,
and accurate. It provides the same information as a slotted line with the exception of the phase angle of the reflection coefficient (distance, load to minimum).
The simple relationships:
+ fr = 1--------------1– f
and
r– 1
f = -----------r+1
2
Note: Where r = VSWR and f = Wr / Wf
These can be used to convert between the standing wave ratio (r)and the
reflected/forward power ratio (f), which can be directly read from the Thruline Wattmeter. The relationship between r and f is graphed in Figure 4 and
Figure 5.
Note: Attenuation, measured in dB, can be derived from the power
ratio by the equation Ndb = 10 log f.
VSWR scales and their attendant controls for setting the reference point have
been intentionally omitted from the Bird 43. Experience using the Thruline
Wattmeter for transmitter tune-up, antenna matching, etc. will show that the
power ratio measurement is as useful in practice as the standing wave ratio.
A trial is suggested – forget about VSWR for a few days and think in terms of
f = Wr / Wf. The two meter readings, Wr and Wf, give a useful, approximate
picture of the results without bothering to calculate the power ratio exactly.
Consider that, for an antenna matching problem, the main objective usually is
to minimize Wr. Anything done experimentally to this end will be seen when
the element is turned to the reflected power position.
5
Figure 4
6
Percent Reflected Power vs. VSWR (1.0 – 1.3)
Figure 5
Percent Reflected Power vs. VSWR (1.0 – 8.0)
Low Reflection Measurements
f = 10% (r = 2) is the typical limit of antenna match. Further effort is frequently
not worthwhile because below this level reflected power is hard to measure,
and Wl can not be significantly increased. TV and VHF transmitters are examples
of systems requiring lower reflected power but for reasons other than maximizing power transmission.
CAUTION
For low reflection measurements, do not rotate the reflected power element
to read forward power. Damage to the element or wattmeter could result
7
When the same element is used to measure both forward and reflected power,
meaningful readings are possible down to about f = 5% (r = 1.5). For accurate
measurement of very low levels of reflected power, i.e. f = 0.6% (r = 1.17), use
a second element rated at one tenth of the full scale power of the forward element. This method should not be used with element ranges differing by more
than 10:1.
Example - Consider an 80 watt transmitter and a Bird 43
with 100 and 10 watt elements. Measure Wf with the 100 W
element. Measure Wr using the 10 W element (with the
arrow pointing towards the transmitter). Wr can be measured down to at least 0.5 W, so that f = 0.5 / 80 or about
0.6%, corresponding to r = 1.17.
Transmitter Monitoring
The Thruline Wattmeter can be used for the continuous monitoring of transmitter output or reflected power, for instance in checking intermittent antenna or
line faults.
Component Testing
The Bird 43 is very helpful in component testing, and may be employed in several ways:
•
•
VSWR or f may be measured by placing the component under test
between the wattmeter and a good load resistor.
Attenuation (power lost by heat in a line) as well as VSWR may be measured by inserting the unknown line between two Thruline wattmeters, or
between a Thruline wattmeter and a Termaline absorption wattmeter.
Note: Very small attenuations require allowance for normal instrument errors. To correct for this without any calculations, simply connect the wattmeters directly, with no line between them, and adjust
their zero settings until they are both zeroed.
•
8
Line loss using open circuit calibration: The high directivity of elements
can be exploited in line loss measurements, because of the equality of
forward and reflected power with the load connector open or short circuited. In this state the forward and reflected waves have equal power,
so that f = 100% and r = ¥ . Open circuit testing is preferred to short
circuit, because a high quality open circuit is easier to create than a
high quality short.
Measuring Insertion Loss
1.
2.
3.
Check forward and reverse power equality with a high quality open circuit,
Connect an open-circuited, unknown line to the wattmeter.
Measure the line twice (once down and once back).
Note: The measured f is the attenuation for two passes along the line.
4.
Compare the attenuation with published data for line type and length
(remember to halve Ndb or double the line length to account for the measurement technique).
Note: This measurement should be supplemented by either time
domain reflectometry or DC continuity and leakage checks, since the
attenuation measurement alone cannot account for faults such as
open or short circuits partway down the line.
Note: Tery small attenuations require allowance for normal instrument errors. Make sure to note exact readings, or their difference,
on the initial equality check, and correct for this.
Frequency Response
Bird Plug-In Elements have a flat frequency response over their specified operating range. A sample set of curves is shown in Figure 6. Notice that for the low
power element, the rolloff outside its frequency band is more pronounced than
for the high power elements.
Example - At 40 MHz the 10C element will have a loss of 4
dB, giving a reading of about 40% of the true value For the
100C, the loss will only be about 1 dB, for a reading at 80%
of the true value, and the 500C should be within the normal 5% of full scale tolerance.
Figure 6
Representative Frequency Response
9
These curves are typical for all element types (H, A, B, C, D, ...) at their respective frequencies. Since a C type element has a frequency range of 100 - 250
MHz, response curves for other element types can be approximated by replacing the 100 and 250 MHz points on the chart with the extremes of the element’s
frequency range, and recalc-ulating the other frequency points accordingly.
Example - For a B element (range 50 - 125 MHz) simply
divide all frequencies by two. For an E element (range 400 1000 MHz) multiply all frequencies by four.
Harmonics or subharmonics that lie outside of the frequency range of the element may exist in the circuit under test. A rough approximation of the element’s response to harmonics can be made with these curves. Using an element
for measurements outside of its frequency range is not recommended. The
response curves presented are only typical, and not guaranteed.
Impedance Mismatch
There may be cases where it is necessary to use the Bird 43 with a non-50 ohm
transmission line. If the reflected power is less than 10% and the frequency is
below 200 MHz, the resulting mismatch will not be too serious. At higher test
frequencies and/or higher reflected power levels, the load impedance will
change when the wattmeter is removed from the circuit.
When the line and load impedances are known, the system’s VSWR equals the
ratio of the two. Always divide the larger impedance by the smaller, since VSWR
must always be greater than 1.
Example - Consider using a Bird 43 to tune a 70 ohm line.
If the load impedance is also 70 ohms, the wattmeter will
measure a VSWR of 70/50 = 1.4. However, if the wattmeter
is removed, the VSWR will actually be 1.0. Similarly, if the
load impedance is 35.7 ohms, the VSWR will be 50/35.7 =
1.4 with the wattmeter and 70/35.7 = 2.0 without it.
Caution must therefore be used, since both good and bad matches can have the
same measured VSWR. In this case, the correct impedance can be determined
by slightly changing the load impedance. When the load impedance is near 70
ohms, the Bird 43 will read increasing VSWR as the load impedance is increased.
Note: When working with non-50 ohm lines, it is especially important to calculate the load power by subtracting the reflected power
from the forward power.
10
Chapter 3
Installation
When transporting the Bird 43, insert the original dust plug, or an element with
the arrow pointing upward, in the element socket and secure with the catch.
This will shunt the meter circuit and protect the meter by dampening needle
action during handling and shipping. Also, secure spare elements in their sockets with the pivoting knob; just insert the element and twist the knob one-quarter turn.
CAUTION
Handle elements with care. Calibration could be disturbed if they are
dropped.
Connections
WARNING
Leaking RF energy is a potential health hazard. Never attempt to connect or
disconnect equipment from the transmission line while RF power is being
applied. Severe burns, electrical shock, or death can occur.
Insert the Bird 43 in coaxial transmission lines of 50 ohms nominal impedance.
The RF source can be connected to either side of the wattmeter without affecting readings.
If non-50 ohm cables are used, a mismatch will occur causing inaccuracies in
readings. However, if a mismatch cannot be avoided, refer to "Impedance Mismatch" on page 10 for instructions.
It is strongly advised that this condition be avoided.
The Bird 43 is normally supplied with Quick-Change Female N type connectors.
Other Bird “QC” connectors are available, refer to the Replacement Parts List in
the Maintenance Chapter.
Replacing Quick-Change Connectors
1.
2.
3.
Remove the 8-32 screw at each corner of the connector
Pull it straight outward.
Install the new connector by reversing Steps 1 and 2.
11
12
Chapter 4
Operating Instructions
WARNING
When working with RF powers of 200 watts or more, the potential of the
center conductor of the line section will exceed 100 volts. Do not touch the
center conductor while RF power is on.
The Bird 43 uses plug-in elements to make measurements. The element’s frequency range and maximum power are listed on its label. The transmitter test
frequency should be within the band of the element used. See "Frequency
Response" on page 9 for information on using the elements outside of their
specified frequency range.
The arrow on the element indicates directional sensitivity; i.e., the direction of
power flow that the meter will read. Rotate the element to select forward or
reverse power measurement.
Combining the Thruline Wattmeter with a Bird Termaline Load Resistor creates an
accurate absorption wattmeter. With this combination, readings only need to be
taken in the forward direction because the reflected power will be negligible.
Normal Operation
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insert the appropriate element in the line section socket.
Turn the element so that the arrow points towards the load to measure forward power and towards the source for reflected power.
Turn on the RF source.
Read the power using the scale whose full-scale marking matches the element’s maximum power.
13
Figure 7
Element Direction
When readings are being made with the wattmeter connected to an auxiliary RF
line section, do not put an element in the unused line section. Otherwise, the DC
circuit will be unbalanced or shorted, causing inaccurate or zero power readings.
For convenience, a set of VSWR conversion nomographs is included in this manual. With these charts, VSWR may be determined from the forward and
reflected power readings. Find the intersection of the forward and reflected
power measurements. The slanted line passing closest to this point indicates
the VSWR.
14
Figure 8
VSWR Conversion Graph (Reflected Power 0.2 – 20.0)
15
Figure 9
16
VSWR Conversion Graph (Reflected Power 0.01 – 1.00)
Load Matching
When a Bird 43 is used to tune a load to a transmitter and a good match is
obtained, removing the unit will not change the match quality. A good 50 ohm
load can terminate a 50 ohm transmission line of any length without altering
conditions at the transmitter. The 43 is just an extra length of 50 ohm line in
series with the measurement.
When the load is not well matched (an antenna with a VSWR of 1.5 or 2.0) the
line length between the load and the transmitter will transform the load impedance as seen at the transmitter. Removing the wattmeter shortens the total line
length by four inches plus two connectors. This is still not significant at low frequencies where five inches is a small fraction of a wavelength, but at higher frequencies the frequency or power output of the transmitter may be affected.
Transmission line theory shows that if the line length changes by exactly 1⁄2
wavelength, the impedance is unchanged. To have identical match with the
wattmeter in or out of the circuit, insert or remove 1⁄2 wavelength of line (including the unit). To do this, use a length of cable which, when added to the unit,
equals a 1⁄2 wavelength at the frequency of interest. If multiple frequencies are
needed, a separate cable length is required for each. See Figure 10 for sample
cable lengths.
Note: Cable length is measured from end to end of the connector’s
outer conductor, except for UHF or mini-UHF plugs where the length is
measured from tip to tip of the center pins.
Note: Dimensions shown are for solid polyethylene cable like
RG-58C/U or RG-8/U, which have a velocity of propagation 66% of
that of air. If RG-58 or RG-8 type cables containing foam poly-ethylene
(velocity of propagation of 79%) are used, the dimensions in the graph
must be multiplied by the ratio of the relative velocities; 79% ÷ 66% =
1.2 in this case.
17
Figure 10
18
Cable Length / Wavelength Matching
Chapter 5
Maintenance
The rugged and simple design of the Bird 43 means that it requires minimal routine maintenance.
Troublehshooting
The following table contains troubleshooting information for problems that can
occur during normal operation. Find the problem on the table, review possible
causes, and perform the corrective action listed.
This manual does not list all malfunctions that may occur, or all corrective
actions. If a malfunction is not listed or not corrected by the listed actions, contact the nearest Bird Service Center for assistance.
Problem
No meter reading
Intermittent or
inconsistent meter
reading
High VSWR or
reflected power
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
No RF power
Check RF source
“Arrow” on element
pointing wrong way
Rotate element
DC contact bent
Adjust contact (page 20)
Open or short circuit
in meter
Replace defective cable
(RG-58/U)
Meter burned out or
damaged
Return wattmeter for
service
Dirty DC contact on
element
Clean contact (page 20)
Faulty transmission
line or antenna
Inspect line
Sticky or defective
meter
Return wattmeter for
service
Foreign material in
line section or in RF
connector
Clean connectors
(page 20)
Open or shorted
transmission line
Inspect line
Bad load or poor
connectors
Inspect load, antenna,
and connectors
19
Cleaning
It is important to keep the following surfaces clean:
•
•
•
Socket bore
DC contacts on the element
Teflon insulators
If any of the contacts or line connectors are dirty, clean them with a cotton
swab dipped in commercial contact cleaner or isopropyl alcohol.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to remove the RF center conductor. This will damage the line
section.
If the RF line section seems dirty, do not loosen any connections. Clean accessible
components as described above and use dry, clean air to blow out the interior.
The outside of the meter housing can be cleaned with a soft cloth dampened
with a mild detergent solution. Do not wipe the meter glass with a dry cloth, or
a static charge could develop that would cause an erroneous meter indication.
Contact Adjustment
When cleaning the socket bore, do not disturb the spring finger of the DC contact. If necessary, the contact can be adjusted manually. The button must be out
far enough to maintain good contact, but not so far as to interfere with easy
entry of the element body. To remove the DC jack and spring finger:
1. Unscrew both 4-40 fillister head screws holding the jack assembly against
the side of the RF line section.
2. Retract the assembly.
Note: Be careful not to lose the small teflon bead that straddles the
base of the spring and nests in a counterbore on the side of the line
section.
3.
Replace the assembly.
Note: Make sure that the bead is properly inserted) and the two
screws.
20
Zero Adjust
The meter’s zero setting should be checked when no RF power is present. When
no power is applied the pointer should rest exactly on zero. If adjustment is
required, turn the adjustment screw until the pointer is set at zero (see
Figure 11).
Figure 11
Zero Adjust
Storage
When storing the meter, keep an element or dust plug in the element socket to
prevent the intrusion of dust and to prevent damage to the meter movement.
When using an element, use the highest power element available. Turn it so
that the “arrow” points up (midway between the FWD and RFL positions). This
protects the meter and will not expose the element diode to dangerous potentials should the line section be energized.
21
Customer Service
Any maintenance or service procedure beyond the scope of those in this chapter should be referred to a qualified service center.
If the unit needs to be returned for any reason, request an RMA through the
Bird Technologies website. All instruments returned must be shipped prepaid
and to the attention of the RMA number.
Bird Service Center
30303 Aurora Road
Cleveland (Solon), Ohio 44139-2794
Fax: (440) 248-5426
E-mail: bsc@bird-technologies.com
For the location of the Sales Office nearest you, visit our Web site at:
http://www.bird-technologies.com
22
Bird 43 Replacement Parts List
Note: See “Customer Replacement Parts” on page 32
Description
Qty.
Part Number
Housing Assembly
1
4210-018
Cover Assembly
1
4210-005-1
Line Section Assembly
1
4230-018-1
Carrying Strap
1
8580A003
Dust Plug, Aluminum
1
3610-031
Microammeter
1
2080-002
Turnbutton
2
4300-015
Spring Washer
2
5-1144-1
Rubber Stem Bumper
8
5-1388
Pushnut
2
5-1076-1
Replacement Meter Kit
1
8-000
RF Connectors
2
See list on next page
Bird 43 Replacement Parts List
Customer Replacement Part
RPK43-1 - Housing Kit
RPK43-2 - Rear Cover Kit
RPK43-3 - Line Section Kit
RPK43-4 - Meter Kit
Consists of
4210-018
923-RPK43-1
4210-005-1
923-RPK43-2
4230-018-1
923-RPK43-3
8-000
4220-087
923-RPK43-4
Description
Housing
Instruction Sheet
Cover
Instruction Sheet
Line Section
Instruction Sheet
Replacement Meter
Shock Mount
Instruction Sheet
23
Customer Replacement Part
RPK43-5 - External Hardware Kit
Consists of
1118-0614-00
1120-0820-00
1136-0813-00
5-1388
5-1763
8240-054
8580A003
923-RPK43-5
24
Description
#8-32x3/8 Phillips
Flathead Machine
Screw
#10-32x1/2 Phillips
Oval Screw
#10-32x1/2 Phillips
Pan Screw
Rubber Bumper Stem
Gray Rubber Bumper
Foot
Strap Spacer Screw
Plastic Handle
Instruction Sheet
Available “QC” Type Connectors
Connector
Part Number
Connector
Part Number
BNC-Female
4240-125
Open Term.
# 10-32 Nut
4240-363
BNC-Male
4240-132
SC-Female
4240-090
C-Female
4240-100
SMA-Female
4240-336
C-Male
4240-110
SMA-Male
4240-334
HN-Female
4240-268
TNC-Female
4240-156
HN-Male
4240-278
TNC-Male
4240-160
LC-Female
4240-031
UHF-Female
4240-050
LC-Male
4240-025
UHF-Male
4240-179
LT-Female
4240-018
7/16” IEC (Jack)
Type 169-4
4240-344
LT-Male
4240-012
7/16” IEC (Plug)
Type 169-4
4240-080
Mini UHF-Female
4240-346
7/8” EIA
4240-002
N-Female
4240-062
1-5/8” EIA Fixed
4240-096
N-Male
4240-063
1-5/8” EIA Swivel
4240-208
25
26
Chapter 6
Model Differences
Bird 43P Peak Wattmeter
The Bird 43P Thruline Wattmeter is the same as the Bird 43, with the added
capability of measuring peak power in AM, SSB, and some pulse applications. A
conversion kit (P/N 4300-400) is available to give peak reading capability to any
standard Bird 43. This kit comes with all necessary parts and easy to follow
instructions for simple and quick conversion.
Special elements are not required. However, the element power rating must
match the peak power to be measured.
Example - If 1000 watt peaks are expected, use a 1000
watt element.
Operation
There is a push button on/off switch on the right side of the meter.
•
•
To read peak power, push the switch in. The red LED will light.
To read CW power, push the switch again. The LED will turn off.
Peak Detector Response
Since the peak detector’s response time is about one second, a short delay may
be noticed before the meter reading stabilizes. This will also be noticed when
the transmitter is turned off. In voice modulated systems, the meter reading
may fluctuate by 2–3 minor scale divisions as the peak detector attempts to follow the power variations.
Rectangular Pulses
When measuring rectangular pulse power, note the following signal requirements:
•
•
•
Duty Cycle: 2%, minimum
Rep. Rate: 100 pps, minimum
Pulse Width: 200 µs, minimum
27
Peak Calibration
If recalibration is required, refer to figure 15 and these instructions:
1. Unscrew the four 8-32 flat head screws securing the back cover.
2. Grasp the back cover by the side tabs behind the line connectors and pull
straight back to remove it.
3. Insert the Bird 43P between a reliable CW signal source and a 50 ohm load.
4. Insert an element with the appropriate power and frequency range into the
Bird 43P. Turn it to read forward power.
5. Set the wattmeter to CW mode (LED off).
6. Turn on the signal source and adjust the source power to give a stable reading in the upper half of the wattmeter’s scale.
7. Switch the wattmeter to PEAK mode (LED on).
8. Adjust the potentiometer (R9) until the PEAK reading is the same as the CW
reading.
9. Replace the back cover.
Maintenance
Maintenance of the Bird 43P is the same as for the Bird 43 except for battery
replacement. Battery life should typically be 48 hours.
If the unit does not function properly in peak mode or if calibration cannot be
achieved, the batteries may be low. Replace with two new 9 V alkaline or lithium batteries. The batteries fit very tightly in their retaining clips and may have
to be pried out one at a time.
Figure 12
Model 43P
U1
+
+
-
+
28
Bird 4301 Thruline Wattmeter
The Bird 4301 Thruline Wattmeter is the same as the Bird 43 except for the following physical differences:
The auxiliary DC connector on the Model 4301 can be used to connect to an
accessory line section. Make the connection with a standard RG-58/U cable.
Bird 4305A Thruline Wattmeter
The Bird 4305A Thruline Wattmeter is the same as the Bird 43 except for the following physical differences:
•
•
•
•
The Bird 4305A’s dimensions are 4-5/16”L x 4”W x 6-7/8”H (110 x 102 x
175 mm), including element and bumper feet.
The Bird 4305A’s weight is 3.25 lb. (1.5 kg), including the element.
The Bird 4305A does not have holders for spare elements.
The Bird 4305A line section has higher operating power capability and
is 1-5/8” in diameter, instead of 15/16” as in the Bird 43.
Theory, maintenance, and all instructions for the Bird 43 also apply to the Bird
4305A.
29
Bird 4305A Replacement Parts List
Customer Replacement Part
RPK4305-1 - Housing Kit
RPK4305-2 - Rear Cover Kit
RPK4305-3 - Line Section Kit
RPK4305-4 - Meter Kit
RPK4305-5- External Hardware
Kit
Consists of
4305A003
RPK4305-5
923-RPK4305-1
4305A002
1118-0419-00
923-RPK4305-2
4305-005
923-RPK4305-3
2150A015-1
4220-097-22
923-RPK4305-4
1116-0400-00
1120-0819-00
4285-002-4
923-RPK4305-5
30
Description
Housing, Meter
Assembly
External Hardware Kit
Instruction Sheet
Cover Assembly
#8-32x1/4 Phillips Screw
Instruction Sheet
Line Section Assembly
Instruction Sheet
Meter 25/50/100W
Cable, Coax/Assy 48 in
Instruction Sheet
#6-32X1/4 Pan Screws
#10-32x1/2 Phillips
Screws
Clamp Spacer
Instruction Sheet
Bird 4431 Thruline Wattmeter
The Bird 4431 RF Sampling Wattmeter is the same as the Bird 43 Thruline Wattmeter except for an RF signal sampler probe.
The RF sampler provides a low power sample of the signal being transmitted
through the wattmeter’s linesection. This signal is available at the female BNC
connector labeled “RF SAMPLE”, on the right side of the housing. The signal
level can be set with the control knob on the front of the meter. The table below
lists approximate attenuation levels, and notes maximum suggested adjustment. The sampler output may be fed to any suitable RF signal monitoring
device; e.g. a frequency counter, spectrum analyzer, or oscilloscope. All other
operation instructions are the same as for the Bird 43.
Sampler at max
(Fully clockwise)
Turned counterclockwise 4 full
turns from max*
Turned counterclockwise 7 full
turns from max*
Freq.
(MHz)
Freq.
(MHz)
Freq.
(MHz)
Atten.
(dB)
Atten.
(dB)
Atten.
(dB)
2
69
300
38
800
36
10
57
400
34
900
35.5
25
46
500
30
1000
35
50
42
600
29.5
75
39
700
29
100
36
800
28.5
200
31
900
28
*
Approximate
attenuation
Maintenance
Do not make repairs to the probe assembly. If the sampler malfunctions, we recommend returning the unit to the Bird Service Center for repair. To replace the
probe assembly, follow these instructions:
1.
2.
3.
Access the probe by unscrewing the four 8-32 flat head screws that secure
the back cover.
Grasp the back cover by the side tabs behind the line connectors and pull
straight backward to remove it.
Remove the small coupling control knob on the front of the wattmeter with
a 1/16 hex socket wrench.
31
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remove the two 8-32 x 1/4” screws fastening the guide and plate assembly
to the back of the line section.
Put the control knob back on the shaft, then turn it counterclock-wise until
the collar is free of the shaft.
Remove the control knob.
Pull the probe plate straight out of the pin and guide bushing.
Unscrew the 5/8 hex nut on the BNC connector and pull the sampler connector into the case. The probe plate assembly, P/N 4431-003, is now
released and may be replaced.
Note: The sampler cable (RG-58/U) center conductor is soldered to
the probe’s rear stub. The cable is secured to the side sleeve of the
probe with the same screw used in the dc connector plug assembly,
P/N 7500-076. It may be removed by unscrewing the 3/8 hex screw,
unsoldering the lead tip and pulling out the cable. The probe assembly is formed into the socket and is not replaceable.
9.
Replace by carefully reversing the above procedure.
Note: When inserting the control bushing, be sure the alignment pin
is properly positioned.
Bird 4431 Replacement Parts List
Customer Replacement Parts
Customer Replacement Part
RPK4431-1 - Housing Kit
RPK4431-2 - Guide Plate, Line
Section Kit
RPK4431-3 - Meter Kit
RPK43-4 - Meter Kit
32
Consists of
Description
4431-033
RPK4431-4
4431-002
4431-007
4431-003
923-RPK4431-2
4230-018
923-RPK43-3
2080-002
5-1066
4220-097-1
4220-087
4410A261
923-RPK4431-3
Housing
Instruction Sheet
Plate, Guide, Assembly
Line Section Assembly
Plate, Movable Assembly
Instruction Sheet
Line Section
Instruction Sheet
Meter Assembly
Strip, Shock
12 in Coax Cable
Mount, Shock Assembly
Pad, Neoprene Shock
Instruction Sheet
Customer Replacement Part
RPK4431-4 - External Hardware
Kit
Consists of
Description
8580A003
5-1388
5-1763
1120-0820-00
1118-0614-00
1138-0813-00
4431-035
8240-054
5-1193
923-RPK4431-4
Handle, Plastic
Bumper, Stem Rubber
Bumper Ft, Gray Rubber
#10-32x1/2 Phil Screws
#8-32x3/8 Phil Screws
#10-32x1/2 Phil Screws
Label, RF Sample
Spacer, Strap, Screw
Knob, Knurled BLK
Instruction Sheet
Service Only Replacement Parts
Replacement Part
RP3610-031
RP2080-002
RP4300-015
RP5-1388
Consists of
3610-031 (5 per)
2080-002
4300-015
5-1388
Description
Aluminum Dust Plug
25/50/100W Mater
Molded Turnbutton
Rubber Bumper Stem
Bird 4520 Series Thruline Wattmeters
The Bird 4520 RF Thruline Wattmeters (models 4521, 4522, 4526, 4527) are the
same as the Bird 43, except that they are panel mounted for rack installation. In
addition, the Bird 4527 has a RF sampler. These units are intended for fixed
installation, generally in rack mounts requiring 19” panels.
Installation
1.
Choose a location allowing easy reading and operation of the unit and
where the cables used will be short and without sharp bends.
Note: Avoid the use of angles and adapters.
2.
3.
Make sure all connectors are tightened securely.
Use four 12-24 screws to fasten the wattmeter panel to the rack.
Operation
The RF sampler on the Bird 4527 provides a low power sample of main RF signal.
This signal is available at the female BNC connector labeled “RF SAMPLE”. The
sampler output may be fed to any RF signal suitable monitoring device; e.g. a
frequency counter, spectrum analyzer, or oscilloscope.
33
Bird 4520 Series Replacement Parts List
The mounting panel entry lists the panel styles for each model. Only parts which
are not used on the Bird 43 are listed here.
4521 Replacement Parts
Customer Replacement Part
RPK4521-1 - Line Section Kit
RPK4521-2 - Meter Kit
RPK4521-3 - Front Panel Kit
RPK4521-4 - External Hardware
Kit
Consists of
Description
4230-018
923-RPK4521-1
2080-002
4220-097-5
4285-002-2
923-RPK4521-4
Line Section Assembly
Instruction Sheet
Meter 25/50-100W
Cable, Coax/Assembly
16 in
Instruction Sheet
Panel, Blank
Instruction Sheet
#6-32x1/2 Round MS
Screw
#6 Split Lock Washer
#6-32 Hex Nut SS
#10-32x1/2 Phillips
Screws
Label, Safety Symbol
#8-32x3/8 Phillips
Screws
Spacer
Instruction Sheet
Consists of
Description
4522-002-7
4304-026
923-RPK4522-1
2080-002
5A2177
5A2154
4522-013
923-RPK4521-2
Line Section Assembly
Label, Mylar
Instruction Sheet
Meter 25/50-100W
Facenut, Beveled
Switch, Toggle
Cable, Assembly
Instruction Sheet
923-RPK4521-2
4521-002
923-RPK4521-3
1116-0801-25
1132-0201-00
1131-0200-00
1120-0820-00
5A2315-2
1118-0614-00
4522 Replacement Parts
Customer Replacement Part
RPK4522-1 - Line Section Kit
RPK4522-2 - Meter Kit
34
Customer Replacement Part
RPK4522-3- External Hardware
Kit
Consists of
1116-0801-25
1132-0201-00
1131-0200-00
1120-0820-00
1132-0406-00
5A2315-2
1131-0400-00
5A2290-2
5A2290-1
923-RPK4522-3
4522-006
5A2290-2
5A2290-1
923-RPK4522-4
RPK4522-4 - Front Panel Kit
Description
#6-32x1/2 Round MS
Screw
#6 Split Lock Washer
#6-32 Hex Nut SS
#10-32x1/2 Phillips
Screws
#10 External Lock
Washer
Label, Safety Symbol
#10-32 Hex Nut SS
Label, RFL
Label, FWD
Instruction Sheet
Panel, Mounting
Label, RFL
Label, FWD
Instruction Sheet
4526/27 Replacement Parts
Customer Replacement Part
RPK2080-002
Consists of
2080-002
Description
Meter 25/50-100W
Service Only Replacement Parts
Replacement Part
Consists of
4526-004
4527-005
4527-002
4526-004
4527-005
4527-002
4430-002
4430-002
Description
Panel
Panel
Line Section
Assembly
RF Cable Assembly
(4527 only)
35
36
Chapter 7
Specifications
These specifications include data covering the Bird 43, 43P, 4305A, 4431, 4521, 4522,
4526, and 4527. Specifications for models not listed are identical to the Bird 43.
Impedance, Nominal
50 ohm
VSWR, Max.
All models except 4431
4431
1.05:1
1.07:1 (when coupling is less than 30 dB)
Connectors
Primary Line
RF Sampling (on applicable models)
Bird “QC” (N Female normally supplied)
Female BNC
Power and Frequency Range (element dependent)
43,43P,4521/22/26
100 mW – 10 kW
0.45 – 2700 MHz
25 kW max, 0.45 – 2.5 MHz
10 kW max, 2 – 30 MHz
5000 W max, 2 – 30 MHz
1000 W max, 30 – 1000 MHz
1000 W max, 2 – 200 MHz
500 W max, 200 – 512 MHz
4305
4431*
4527
RF Coupling
4527 (approximate)
–53 dB, 512 – 10 MHz
–70 dB, 10 – 2 MHz
15 – 70 dB
4431 (adjustable)
Insertion Loss (4431 only)*
2 – 512 MHz
512 – 1000 MHz
0.1 dB max
0.1 dB max
Accuracy
CW (all models)
Peak Power (43P only)
Power Requirement (43P only)
Battery Life (43P only)
± 5% of full scale
± 8% of full scale
Two 9V alkaline batteries (NEDA 1604)
48 hours typical
Dimensions, Nominal
43, 43P
4305A
4431
4521/22/26/27
3-5/8”L x 4”W x 6-7/8”H
(92 x 102 x 175 mm)
4-1/4”L x 3-7/8”W x 6-7/8”H
(108 x 99 x 175 mm)
3-7/8”L x 4”W x 6-7/8”H
(99 x 102 x 175 mm)
19”W x 5-1/4”H x 1-3/4”D
(483 x 134 x 45 mm)
37
Approximate Weight with N-Connectors
4521/22/26/27
43, 43P, 4431
4305A
Operating Position
Finish
3 lb. (1.36 kg)
4 lb. (1.8 kg)
3.43 lb. (1.6 kg)
Any
Grey Powder Coat
*.
Applicable only for maximum coupling less than 30 dB. This requires a minimum
decoupling of four full turns counterclockwise above 200 MHz, and seven full turns
above 800 MHz
38
Limited Warranty
All products manufactured by Seller are warranted to be free from
defects in material and workmanship for a period of one (1) year,
unless otherwise specified, from date of shipment and to conform to
applicable specifications, drawings, blueprints and/or samples. Seller’s
sole obligation under these warranties shall be to issue credit, repair
or replace any item or part thereof which is proved to be other than as
warranted; no allowance shall be made for any labor charges of Buyer
for replacement of parts, adjustment or repairs, or any other work,
unless such charges are authorized in advance by Seller.
If Seller’s products are claimed to be defective in material or workmanship or not to conform to specifications, drawings, blueprints and/
or samples, Seller shall, upon prompt notice thereof, either examine
the products where they are located or issue shipping instructions for
return to Seller (transportation charges prepaid by Buyer). In the
event any of our products are proved to be other than as warranted,
transportation costs (cheapest way) to and from Seller’s plant, will be
borne by Seller and reimbursement or credit will be made for amounts
so expended by Buyer. Every such claim for breach of these warranties
shall be deemed to be waived by Buyer unless made in writing within
ten (10) days from the date of discovery of the defect.
39
The above warranties shall not extend to any products or parts thereof
which have been subjected to any misuse or neglect, damaged by accident, rendered defective by reason of improper installation or by the
performance of repairs or alterations outside of our plant, and shall
not apply to any goods or parts thereof furnished by Buyer or acquired
from others at Buyer’s request and/or to Buyer’s specifications. Routine (regularly required) calibration is not covered under this limited
warranty. In addition, Seller’s warranties do not extend to the failure
of tubes, transistors, fuses and batteries, or to other equipment and
parts manufactured by others except to the extent of the original manufacturer’s warranty to Seller.
The obligations under the foregoing warranties are limited to the precise terms thereof. These warranties provide exclusive remedies,
expressly in lieu of all other remedies including claims for special or
consequential damages. SELLER NEITHER MAKES NOR
ASSUMES ANY OTHER WARRANTY WHATSOEVER, WHETHER
EXPRESS, STATUTORY, OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, AND NO PERSON
IS AUTHORIZED TO ASSUME FOR SELLER ANY OBLIGATION
OR LIABILITY NOT STRICTLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
FOREGOING.
40
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