User Manual - Trannergy Co,Ltd.
User Manual
TRB4000TL/TRB5000TL/TRB6000TL/TRB8000TL/TRB9000TL/ TRB010KTL
Contents
Copyright Declaration ..................................................................................................................................................3
1. Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................4
1.1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................................................4
1.2. How to Use this manual.....................................................................................................................................4
1.3. Applied Designations (Warning, Caution, Note)...............................................................................................4
1.4. Important Safety Information ............................................................................................................................4
1.5. General Safety Rules for Working on Electrical Equipment .............................................................................5
1.6. System Sizing ....................................................................................................................................................6
2. Technical Description of Inverters ...........................................................................................................................7
2.1. Mechanical design .............................................................................................................................................7
2.2. Electrical system design ....................................................................................................................................8
2.3. The illustration of derating and limit the input power .......................................................................................8
3. Operation mode illustration of the inverter ..............................................................................................................9
3.1. Wait mode..........................................................................................................................................................9
3.2. Check mode .......................................................................................................................................................9
3.3. Normal mode .....................................................................................................................................................9
3.4. Fault mode .......................................................................................................................................................10
3.5. Flash mode.......................................................................................................................................................10
3.6. Shut down ........................................................................................................................................................10
4. Installation and startup............................................................................................................................................11
4.1. Installation precaution .....................................................................................................................................11
4.2. Install steps ......................................................................................................................................................11
4.3. Electrical connection .......................................................................................................................................13
4.3.1. Connection to the grid (AC output) ..........................................................................................................13
4.3.2. Connection to PV generator (DC input) ...................................................................................................14
4.4. Test run ............................................................................................................................................................18
5. Human Machine Interface ......................................................................................................................................19
5.1. Control and Display Panel ...............................................................................................................................19
5.2. LED Display ....................................................................................................................................................20
5.3. LCD Display ....................................................................................................................................................21
5.4. Function Keys ..................................................................................................................................................23
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5.4.1. Configure ..................................................................................................................................................23
5.4.2. Energy yield ..............................................................................................................................................26
5.4.3. Inverter state .............................................................................................................................................26
5.4.4. Device Information ...................................................................................................................................26
5.4.5. log Information .........................................................................................................................................27
5.5. Display of Fault ...............................................................................................................................................27
6. Communication and Monitoring.............................................................................................................................28
6.1. Communication Interfaces ...............................................................................................................................28
6.2. Communication ...............................................................................................................................................28
6.2.1. RS-232 Communication for Three inverter type ......................................................................................28
6.2.2. RS-485/422 Communication ....................................................................................................................29
6.2.3. WiFi/GPRS/Ethernet Communication......................................................................................................29
6.2.4. USB Communication ................................................................................................................................29
6.3. Monitoring .......................................................................................................................................................30
7. Maintenance and Repair .........................................................................................................................................30
7.1 Routine maintenance ........................................................................................................................................30
7.2 Notes of maintain or service .............................................................................................................................31
7.3 Safety for maintain or service ...........................................................................................................................31
8. Technical data .........................................................................................................................................................32
9. Warranty .................................................................................................................................................................33
9.1. Standard Warranty Period................................................................................................................................33
9.2. Extension of Warranty .....................................................................................................................................33
9.3. Liability Insurance ...........................................................................................................................................33
9.4. Warranty Claim Procedure ..............................................................................................................................33
9.5. Exclusion of Warranty Claims.........................................................................................................................34
9.6. Service after Warranty Expiration ...................................................................................................................34
10. Contact Information ..............................................................................................................................................35
Appendix A: FAQ (Frequently asked questions) .......................................................................................................36
Appendix B: Abbreviation..........................................................................................................................................37
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Copyright Declaration
The copyright of this manual belongs to Trannergy Co., Ltd.. Any corporation or individual should not
plagiarize, partially copy or fully copy it (including software, etc.), and no reproduction or distribution
of it in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. Trannergy reserves the right of final interpretation.
This manual is subject to change according to user’s or customer’s feedback. Please check latest version
at: http://www.trannergy.com.
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1. Introduction
1.1. Introduction
This manual describes Trannergy solar inverters TRB4000TL/ 5000TL/ 6000TL/ 8000TL/
9000TL/010KTL. These products are among the most technologically advanced and efficient
inverters on the market and are designed to ensure a stable power supply for many years.
The TRB inverters is a transformerless based inverter.
1.2. How to Use this manual
Please read the safety instructions in this manual first. Throughout the manual it is assumed that the
reader is familiar with AC and DC installations and knows the rules and regulations for electrical
equipment and for connecting it to the utility AC grid. It is especially important to be familiar with
the general safety rules for working with electrical equipment.
1.3. Applied Designations (Warning, Caution, Note)
Throughout the manual important information is shown at different levels depending on the
character of the information, as shown here:
Safety information important for human safety. Violation of warnings may result in
injury to persons or death.
Information important for the protection of property. Violation of this type of
information may cause damage and loss of property.
Useful additional information or “Tips and Tricks" on specific subjects.
1.4. Important Safety Information
Read this before installing, operating or maintaining the inverter.
Before installation:
Check for damage to inverter and packaging. If you are in doubt, please contact your
supplier before installing the inverter. Check the voltages of the solar modules and
make sure they are within the limits of the Trannergy inverter specifications before
connecting them to the inverter.
Installation:
Only trained and authorized personnel familiar with local electrical codes may install
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the inverter. For optimum safety, please follow the steps described in this manual.
Keep in mind that the inverter has two voltage carrying sides, the PV input and the
AC grid.
Disconnecting the inverter:
Always disconnect the AC line first! Afterwards disconnect the PV lines. Note that
the inverter can still be charged with very high voltages at hazardous levels even
when it is disconnected from grid/mains and solar modules. Wait at least 5 min.
before proceeding, after having disconnected from grid and PV panels.
operating the inverter:
Before connecting the AC grid to the inverter, make sure that the installation cover is
mounted again. The inverter must not be open during operation.
Maintenance and modification:
Only authorized personnel are allowed to repair or modify the inverter. To ensure
optimum safety for user and environment, only the original spare parts available from
your supplier should be used.
Functional safety parameters:
Unauthorized changes of functional safety parameters may cause injury or accidents
to people or inverter. Additionally it will lead to the cancelling of all inverter
operating approval certificates. The Trannergy inverters in the TRB range are all
designed according to international safety requirements.
If non-original spare parts are used, the compliance with CE guidelines in respect of
electrical safety, EMC and machine safety is not guaranteed.
1.5. General Safety Rules for Working on Electrical Equipment
All persons installing, maintaining or servicing inverters should be trained in and have experience
with the general safety rules to be observed when working on electrical equipment.
Installation and service personnel should also be familiar with local requirements, rules and
regulations as well as safety requirements.
To provide a general guideline for safety precautions, five well-known and widely accepted rules
are repeated below. The list should by no means be considered as exhaustive.
The person performing work on electrical equipment is responsible for the safety of
persons and property!
Disconnecting
Disconnect all cables supplying voltage to the working place before starting any
work. Please note that a lack of voltage is no guarantee that disconnection has been
performed.
Protecting against reconnection
Prevent the system from reconnecting by marking, closing or locking off the work
area. Unintentional reconnection may result in severe accidents.
Checking that system is voltage free
Ascertain conclusively by means of a voltage tester that the system is voltage free.
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Check all terminals to ensure that the system is voltage free (on each individual
conductor).
Covering adjacent voltage-carrying components and preventing persons from
gaining access to them
Cover up all voltage-carrying system components that can harm you while working.
Make sure that danger areas are clearly marked.
1.6. System Sizing
When dimensioning a photovoltaic system, it must be ensured that the open circuit
voltage of the PV string never exceeds the maximum permissible input voltage of
1000V DC. The PV string open circuit voltage during parallel string operation is
910V. Higher voltages may result in permanent damage to the inverter.
The selection of PV string output should be based on the optimum utilization of the invested capital
compared to the expected annual energy yield from the system. This optimization depends on local
weather conditions and should be considered in each individual case.
The inverter incorporates an input power limiting device, which automatically keeps the power at
levels that are safe for the inverter. The limitation depends mainly on internal and ambient
temperatures. The limitation is calculated continuously and always allows the maximum possible
amount of energy to be produced.
Please use the tool supplied by Trannergy when dimensioning a photovoltaic system.
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2. Technical Description of Inverters
2.1. Mechanical design
Figure 2-1 shows the outline dimensions of TRB4000TL/5000TL/6000TL/8000TL/9000TL/010KTL
540
200
470
Figure 2-1 Outline dimensions of TRB4000TL/5000TL/6000TL/8000TL/9000TL/010KTL
The AC output terminal is most length part at the bottom of inverter, so take
care of the AC output terminals, do not make it stand on the ground or other
materials while moving or lifting the inverters otherwise will make terminal
damaged.
DC INPUT TERMINALS COMMUNICATION TERMINALS
DC SWITCH
AC OUTPUT TERMINALS
Figure 2-2 Electrical Terminals of TRB4000TL/5000TL/6000TL/8000TL/9000TL/010KTL
For safety reasons, the use of a DC switch is recommended. Between the
PV modules and the power modules may be mandatory in some
countries.
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2.2. Electrical system design
Figure 2-3 wiring diagram of the whole TRB4000TL/5000TL/6000TL/8000TL/9000TL/010KTL
system.
Please refer to chapter 4 for the detail connecting and install methods.
2.3. The illustration of derating and limit the input power
To avoid inverter to be damaged by over temperature or over current.
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
Not output power when the temperature of power devices is over 85℃ or the ambient
temperature is over 76℃.

Derate the output power linearly when the temperature of power devices is between 81-85℃ or
the ambient temperature is between 70-76℃.
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3. Operation mode illustration of the inverter
Our inverter has five operation modes during the whole work process; they are wait, check, normal,
fault and flash modes. Its detail illustration is shown by Figure 3-1 below.
Figure 3-1 State Machine of Inverter working mode
3.1. Wait mode
When the input power by solar panel is not enough to let the power module work, it is at waiting
mode. The inverter will wait until the input voltage is above 210Vdc and below 910Vdc, it turn to
check mode.
3.2. Check mode
When the inverter is power on, it will check isolation, HCT device, GFCI device, relay, fan, and soft
start automatically in order. This can guarantee the inverter work normally and turn to normal
operation mode.
3.3. Normal mode
When the conditions above are satisfied, inverter will let the BOOST and inverter module work and
turn to normal generating power mode. It will change the solar energy into electrical energy and fed
it into grid based on advanced MPPT technology in order to absorb solar energy in maximum extent
possible. It will also calculate the generated energy per day/per month/per year automatically, save
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the number in EEPROM and the number can be read from the HMI.
3.4. Fault mode
When there are fault during the inverter running, it will stop generating power and turn to fault
mode and display the fault information on LCD. Before do this, it will store the generated power
number into EEPROM automatically. Many not very serious fault will be cleared after 5s
automatically and retry to run. If the serious fault generated, it will stay in the fault mode until the
technical staff to solve the problem.
3.5. Flash mode
Regardless the inverter running in which mode above, when there is the flash command, it will turn
into flash mode and rewrite the firmware in DSP flash.
3.6. Shut down
When the PV input voltage less than 150Vdc, the PV panel can’t provide energy enough, so the
inverter shut down automatically. When next day come, with the irradiance increasing, it will run
again smoothly if there are no fault occurrence.
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4. Installation and startup
4.1. Installation precaution
Warning!
Before installation and maintenance, AC and DC side doesn’t carry electricity,
but if DC side is just disconnected, capacitance still contains electricity, so
please wait for at least 5 minutes to ensure the capacitors completely release the
energy and inverter is not electrified.
Note!
Inverters must be installed by qualified person.
Trannergy assures the product guarantee of the TRB series inverters during five years after your
purchase, if the installation site does not meet the instructions described in this manual, it is out of
warranty. The warranty is limited to the costs of repair and/or replacement of the product by
Trannergy only.
Ventilation is very important to cool the inverter. For outdoors application, the inverter requires at
least 300mm of clearance among the other units and 300mm of the ground or the roof. See Figure
4-1:
300mm
300mm
300mm
300mm
Figure 4-1 Distance required of Inverters
4.2. Install steps
Setp1: Drill six Ø10 holes in the wall according to the dimensions shows in Figure 4-2:
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200
200
6XΦ10,45-50mm,Deep
180
Figure 4-2 Dimensions of drilling holes
Note!
Keep drilling vertical to the wall, and don’t shake when drilling to avoid damage to
the wall. It need repositioning and drilling holes if the hole with much error.
Step2: Put the expansion pipe showing in Figure 4-3 into the hole vertically, use hammer to tap the
pipe into the wall completely.
Figure 4-3 Expansion tube
Step3: Put the mounting panel on the wall and twist the M8x50 screws into the expansion tube to
fix the mounting panel.
Figure 4-4 Install the mounting panel
Setp4: Hung the inverter on to the mounting panel:
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Figure 4-5 Hung the inverter
4.3. Electrical connection
4.3.1. Connection to the grid (AC output)
Attention
Safeguard each inverter with an individual manual AC breaker in order that inverter
can be safely disconnected under load when installation & maintenance
Connection Procedure:
Step1: Switch off the AC breaker secure against being switched back on inadvertently.
Step2: strip the cable as the following figure: (Recommended cable specification:AWG 10 without
crimping terminal; AWG 12 with crimping terminal)
Figure 4-6
Step3: AC female connector includes the following components:
Figure 4-7
Step4: Put the wires through Screw Cap, Adapter Body of the AC female connector:
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Figure 4-8
Step5: Connect the cables according to the following pictures:
PE
N
N
L
1
2
R
T
S
Figure 4-9
Attention!
Please ensure the corresponding relationship between polarities the core cable and
the hole of the terminal is correct.
Step6: Screw these components tightly after connecting the wires:
Figure 4-10
Step7: Connect AC female terminal to AC male terminal on inverter and then screw them together.
4.3.2. Connection to PV generator (DC input)
Attention!
Safeguard each inverter with an individual manual DC breaker in order that inverter
can be safely disconnected under load when installation & maintenance. The breaker
should have certain capacity of over current and over voltage. In addition, before
cutting off the DC end connection. Please cut off the AC end connection at first.
There are two MPPT trackers (A & B route) provided by the TRB4000TL /5000TL /6000TL /8000TL
/9000TL/010KTL and each MPPT tracker provides a pair of DC input interface.
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Attention!
Connectors must not be connected or disconnected under load!
Figure 4-11
Step1: Assembly Instruction for the male side and female side connector:

Strip cable .276 inches (9/32”) - (7mm) and be careful NOT to nick conductors.
Figure 4-12

Amphenol specified strip tool can be used in this step. Adjust the striper stopper and put the
cable in corresponding notch to strip the length of 7mm. See below figures.
Figure 4-13

Insert striped cable into contact barrel and insure all conductor strands are captured in the
contact barrel and the conductors are visible in the contact barrel observation hole. See below
figures.
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Figure 4-14

Crimp contact barrel by using the hex crimping die. See below figures
Figure 4-15

Amphenol specified crimping tool can be used in this step. Put the contact barrel with striped
cable in the corresponding crimping notch and crimp the contact. See below figures.
Figure 4-16

Insert contact cable assembly into back of male and female connector. A “click” should be
heard or felt when the contact cable assembly is seated correctly. See below figures.
Figure 4-17
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
Wrest the cap by using the torque of 2.6~2.9NM.
Figure 4-18
Step2: Mate and separate Helios H4 connector:

After wrest the cap tightly, align the 2 half connectors and mate them together by hand until a
“click” is heard or felt.
Figure 4-19

When the separation of connector is necessary, use the Amphenol specified tool (Ring tool or
wrench tool) to separate. And while using the ring tool or wrench tool, please make sure the
wedge side of the fingers faces the female connector and push the tool down. Then separate the
connector by hand. See below figures.
Figure 4-20
DANGER!
DANGER to life due to potential fire or electric shock.
NEVER connect or disconnect the DC connectors under load.
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4.4. Test run
Before turn on the inverter, please confirm:
a) Three phase five wires (R/S/T/N/PE) cable correctly connected to the inverter AC side through
AC circuit breaker;
b) The DC cable connected correctly to the inverter DC side through DC circuit breaker, please be
attention to the cable connected to the two string correctly and it’s polarity;
c) The unused terminals are covered.
Turn on the inverter:
Step1: Close the DC and AC circuit breaker;
Step2: If the solar panels provide enough energy, the power module will work and the LCD panel
will be lit;
Step3: Then the inverter will turn into self-check mode and the LCD panel will display the
remaining time of connect simultaneously;
Step4: After the inverter turn into normal mode, it feed electrical energy into grid, and LCD panel
will display the generated electrical energy.
As long as the inverter works, it will automatically track the maximum power point to absorb the
maximum energy from solar. When night comes, the irradiance is not strong enough to provide
energy, the inverter will power off automatically. When the next day comes, the input voltage
reaches the start value, it will start again automatically.
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5. Human Machine Interface
5.1. Control and Display Panel
Info provided here mainly includes LED display, LCD display, function keys and display fault etc.
All function including parameter review, setting, and malfunction info etc can be realized at this
interface. It is showing as the follow (Figure 5-1).
H
D
E
F
A
B
C
G
Figure 5-1 Control and Display Panel
Object
Description
A
B
Working normally (Green LED)
Fault (Red LED)
C
Communication (Yellow LED)
D
E
EXIT (Function key)
Down (Function key)
F
G
OK (Function key)
LCD display
H
Up (Function key)
TRB4000TL/5000TL/6000TL/8000TL/9000T/010KTL has 3 LEDs, 1 LCD and 4 function keys:

LEDs
 Green LED: Working normally.
 Yellow LED: Communication.
 Red LED: Fault.

LCD
240×160 MONO LCD.

Function keys
 OK Button: confirm the selection.
 UP Button: move cursor to up selection or increase the values.
 DOWN Button: move cursor to down or decrease the values.
 ESC Button: exit current menu into main menu.
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5.2. LED Display
TRB4000TL/5000TL/6000TL/8000TL/9000T/010KTL are equipped with three LEDs including
“Green”, “Yellow” and “Red” which provide information about various operating status.

Green LED
 The green LED lighting indicates that inverter is active and working normally. Otherwise,
it indicates inverter shuts down or malfunction happens.
 When the grid shows 380V/50Hz and input voltage generated by PV modules is above
200V, the green LED lights up.
 Normally, this LED begins to light up in the morning when the sunshine intensity is enough
and goes out when it gets dark.

Yellow LED
 The yellow LED flashes during inverter communicating with other devices including DLU
and PC etc through RS485 and goes out after the communication finishes.
 The yellow LED keeps on lighting during the software update; otherwise, inverter doesn’t
communicate with other devices, or burn, update the firmware etc.

Red LED
 The red LED indicates that inverter has stopped feeding power into the grid because of
fault, and the exact fault information will display on the LCD at the same time.
 The faults as follows in the table will activate the red LED.
For details, please refer to table as below:
LED
Green
Status
Detailed Message
Normal
TRB inverters is working normally.
Communication state
TRB inverters is communicating with other devices.
Burning software/
The firmware is upgraded.
Yellow
Software upgrade
GFCI Failure
The GFCI detection circuit is abnormal.
AC HCT Failure
The AC output sensor is abnormal.
Consistent Fault:
Different measurements between Master and Slave for DC output current.
DC inj. differs for M-S
Red
Consistent Fault:
Different measurements between Master and Slave for GFCI.
Ground I differs for M-S
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High DC Bus
DC Bus voltage is too High.
Utility Loss
No grid voltage detected.
Ground I Fault
GFCI malfunction.
Over Temperature in
Inverter
Internal temperature of inverter is high.
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PV Over Voltage
PV input voltage surpasses the tolerable maximum value.
Fan Lock
Fan malfunction.
AC Voltage Out of Range
The measured AC voltage is out of tolerable range.
Isolation Fault
Isolation resistance of PV to earth is too low.
DC Injection High
The DC injection to grid is too high.
Consistent Fault
Different measurements between Master and Slave.
Consistent Fault:
Fac differs for M-S
Different measurements between Master and Slave for grid frequency.
Consistent Fault:
Different measurements between Master and Slave for grid voltage.
Vac differs for M-S
AC Relay-Check Fail
AC relay malfunction.
M-S Version Unmatched
Different CPU software version.
Fac Failure:
Fac Out of Range
The master frequency is out of tolerable range.
EEPROM R/W Fail
SPI Failure:
Communication Fails
between M-S
EEPROM reading or writing error.
Communication between microcontrollers fails.
5.3. LCD Display
The LCD display shows parameters of inverters which can be set through function keys. On the top,
it always shows working status and Ethernet status, The left area is for displaying parameter info or
energy wave; On the right, it always shows power, E-today, E-total; At the bottom of LCD display,
time and date will be shown (Figure 5-2 Main Interface 1)
When press “enter” button, it will go into main menu , telling inverter state, energy yield, as well as
device and malfunction info, and parameter setting; (Figure 5-2 Main Interface 2)
A
B
F
C
D
E
Figure 5-2 Main Interface 1
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G
Figure 5-3 Main Interface 2
H
Figure 5-4 Main Interface 3
Object
A
B
C
Description
Working status of inverter and Ethernet
Real-time power of inverter.
Power generated today in kilowatt hours.
D
E
Total power generated since inverter starting up.
Display date & time.
F
Specific parameters, curve display area.
Main menu: generated inverter state, energy yield,
parameter setting, device & malfunction info.
G
H
Pull-down menu under main menu.
Contents of menu:
Function
Content
AC Parameter
Inverter state
DC Parameter
Frequency
E-Week
Energy yield
E-Month
E-Year
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Language and Time
Safety Parameters
Settings
Log
Device Information
Power Management
Clear Data
Ethernet Settings
Error Information
Serial number、safety type、version information
Fault display:
When fault happens, the specific fault information will show in main window on LCD display. At
the same time, the red LED lights up and the green LED goes out. The following figure indicates
that the fault “No Utility” happened.
Figure 5-5 Fault Windows
Now if enter into” log”, fault information of the latest 20 pieces can be reviewed.
5.4. Function Keys
There are four function keys, by which users can choose menus on LCD and realize online
parameter reviewing & setting etc.
5.4.1. Configure
5.4.1.1. Language and Time
In main menu, Move the cursor to “settings” by pressing the “up” or “down” key; Press the “enter”
key, and then you will find a pull-down menu. Please move the cursor to “Date Time” by pressing
the “up” or “down” key, and then press “OK”, you can set information of language, date and time.
Figure 5-6 Language and Time Setting
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Language setting
When the cursor is at the “Language” column, you can choose “Chinese”, “English” or “German”
etc, and then press “enter”, you can confirm “Language” setting.
Date setting
When the cursor is at the “Date”, at first you can set the “Year” by pressing the “up” and “down”
keys. After finishing setting year, please press the “down” key and move to “Month”, press the
“enter” key to confirm setting. set month also by pressing the “up” and “down” keys. Press the
“enter” key to finish “Month” setting ,After that, press the “down” key to “Date”, set date also by
pressing the “up” and “down” keys. Later, press “enter” and you can finish t “Date” setting.
Time setting
When the cursor is at the “Time”, at first you can set “Hour” by pressing the “enter” key and then
pressing the “up” and “down” keys, at last, pressing “enter” key to finish setting; When finishing
setting the hour, please press the “down” key to “Minute”, set minute also by pressing the “enter”
key and then pressing the “up” and “down” keys. at last, pressing “enter” key to finish setting. And
then press the “down” key to “second”, set second also by pressing the “enter” key and then
pressing the “up” and “down” keys , at last, pressing “enter” key to finish setting. Finally, please
press “OK”.
Notes:
After setting the “Language”, “Date” and “Time”, press the “down” key to “ok”,
and then press “enter” to save setting. If pressing “esc” to discard setting.
5.4.1.2. Safety Parameters Setting
pressing the “enter” key, you will find a pull-down menu. Please move the cursor to “Safety
Parameters” menu by pressing the “up” or down” key, and then press “enter” key, you will come to
the interface for “Safe Parameter”. At this interface, you can choose the last or the next parameter,
or increase or decrease the parameters. These parameters contain “Safety”, “Vpv-Start”, “T-start”,
“Vac-Min”, “Vac-Max”, “Fac-Min”, “Fac-Max” and so on.
Notes: This operation step requires password (default value: 1001).
Figure 5-7 Password Input Interface
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Figure 5-8 Safety Parameters Setting
After that, you can choose “ok”, “Default” to confirm parameter change, restore original data . Press
“OK” and exit this interface to enter main menu.
5.4.1.3. Clear Data
when pressing the“enter” key, you will find a pull-down menu. Choose “Clear Data” menu and
press “enter” to get into data clearing state. In this menu, press “OK” to clear all the data in the
memory, and if press “esc” exit this interface.
Figure 5-9 Clear Data Verify Interface
Notes:
1) This operation step requires password (default value: 1001).
2) If this operation is done, all the data in the memory will be cleared, so backup
of all the data before clear is recommended.
5.4.1.4. Power Management Setting
when pressing the“enter” key, you will find a pull-down menu. Choose “Power Management” menu
and press “enter” to get into Power Management state. In this menu, press “OK” to set power limit and
factor type, if choosing “Default”, data set default value.
Figure 5-10 Power Management Interface
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5.4.2. Energy yield
Press the “enter” key, and then you will find a pull-down menu. Please move the cursor to “E-Week”
by pressing the “up” or “down” key, then press “enter”, the relevant information will be shown.
(E-Week is default status)
Figure 5-12 week Energy Wave
Using the same operating procedures, you can check “E- Month”, “E-Year”.
5.4.3. Inverter state
Press the “OK” key, and then you will find a pull-down menu. Please move the cursor to “inverter
state” by pressing the “up” or “down” key, and then press “enter” key, the related information at
AC,DC, frequency and temperature will be shown. If you press “ESC” key, you can exit this
interface.
Figure 5-13 Inverter state Interface
5.4.4. Device Information
Press the “enter” key and you will find main menu. Move the cursor to “Device information” by
pressing the “up” or “down” key, and then press the “enter” key, you will find the information of
“Device Model”, “SN”, “HMI/SW”, “CU/SW” etc. Press the “esc” key exit this interface.
Figure 5-14 Device Information
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User Manual
5.4.5. log Information
Press the “enter” key and you will find main menu. Move the cursor to “Log” by pressing the “up”
or “down” key, and then press the “enter” key, you will find the log fault column, including time
fault happened and fault info. Press the “esc” key exit this interface. “Log fault” contains Error
information of the latest 20 times; if you need more information, please derive from DLU.
Figure 5-15 Error Messages Interface
5.5. Display of Fault
When inverter cannot work normally and faults haven’t been solved, the specific fault information
will show in window on the LCD, showing when the fault happened and the error information. At
the same time, the red LED lights up and the green LED goes out. The following figure indicates
that the fault “No Utility” happened.
Figure 5-16 Fault Windows
Now if you want to view the fault info, you can find “log” under main menu.
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27
6. Communication and Monitoring
6.1. Communication Interfaces
This product has a communication interface RS-232,RS-485/422and WiFi/ GPRS/ Ethernet
(optional). Operating information like output voltage, current, frequency, fault information, etc., can
be delivered to PC or hardware storage devices or other monitoring equipment via communication
interface.
6.2. Communication
When user want to know the information of the power station and manage the entire power system.
We offer below 4 type communications.
6.2.1. RS-232 Communication for Three inverter type
RS-232 is one communication interface. It transmits the data between PC and one TRI series
inverter (Figure 6-1). For communication cable, one end is male connector; the other end is female
connector. The maximum length of the cable for RS-232 is 10 m.
D B -9
R S -2 3 2
R S -2 3 2
CA BLE
Figure 6-1 RS-232 Communication Diagram
PIN1
PIN2
PIN3
PIN4
PIN5
PIN6
PIN7
PIN8
PIN9
NC
TXD
RXD
NC
GND
NC
NC
NC
NC
Notes:
If your computer doesn’t have the DB9 communication interface, you can use
RS232-USB cable to achieve this function.
One inverter can only be communicated with one PC at the same time through RS-232 port. Thus
this method is generally used for three inverter’s communication, for examples, software updating
and serviceman’s testing.
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User Manual
6.2.2. RS-485/422 Communication
RS-485/422 is generally for multi inverters’ communication. It can communicate with and up to 32
inverters could communicate at the same time, but wire length should be ≤ 1200 m. Connect the
system as blow (Figure 6-2), user can easily monitoring the PV power station.
U S B T o R S 4 8 5 /4 2 2
USB
R S 4 8 5 /4 2 2
Figure 6-2 RS-485/422 Communication Diagram
PIN1
PIN2
PIN3
PIN4
PIN5
PIN6
PIN7
PIN8
TXD+_RS-485/422
TXD-_RS-485/422
RXD+_RS-485/422
GND
RXD-_RS-485/422
+7V/DC
Notes:
The wires connection sequence of two ends of a RS-485/422 cable is the same.
2 If customers communicate with inverter via RS-485/422, you can buy USB to
RS-485/422 converters and install pvcs software.
3 TX termination of inverter connect with RX termination of USB to
RS-485/422 converters, RX termination of inverter connect with TX termination
of USB to RS-485/422 converters.
6.2.3. WiFi/GPRS/Ethernet Communication
TRB inverters can be communicated with WiFi/ GPRS/ Ethernet. Trannergy can customize the
required special device from customers to realize wireless communication.
6.2.4. USB Communication
USB interface is specially designed for maintenance engineer to realize burning and updating of
PCU firmware.
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29
6.3. Monitoring
Monitoring system is divided into local monitoring and remote monitoring
1. Local monitoring system
System monitor PVCS should be configured to realize one PC communicates with multi inverters at
the same time. Through PC PVCS could get real time PV plants operating data. Please see
Installation Guide of PVCS for more information.
The connected graph of the monitoring system, in which the multipoint communication of the
inverters can be realized through RS-485/422 interface, is shown below (Figure 6-3). The software
“PVCS” in the PC can handle real-time monitoring of max 32 inverters at the same time.
USB
USB To RS485/422
RS485/422
RS485/422
RS485/422
Figure 6-3 Monitoring Topology Diagram
2. Remote monitoring systems
When users choose WiFi/GPRS/Ethernet communication, User can open a web browser and visit
the portal website: http://log.trannergy.com/ , after register and log in, you can monitor information of
inverter.
At Apple’s and Android’s app store, you can input the key words: Trannergy-log, then you can
download and install the Trannergy-log to your Mobile equipment. After the download and installed,
input your user name and password, then visit your station,(we supply a free demo, for the users
who do not register)choose the power station and enter the main interface, then you the daily
energy etc. will be displayed. Meanwhile, you can view the relevant date to view the curve.
7. Maintenance and Repair
7.1 Routine maintenance
Generally, the inverter needn’t to maintain or calibrate, but you need to ensure the heat sink
uncovered by the dust or dirty things.
In order to prove the inverter’s normal function and long life, you best to clean the inverter and heat
sink regularly and ensure there is enough space for air flow around the heat sink. You can use the
compressed air, soft cloth or brush to clean the surface of inverter and heat sink. Please don’t use
water, corrosive chemicals or strong detergent to clean them.
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User Manual
7.2 Notes of maintain or service
When there are faults occurrences, the inverter can disconnect from grid automatically and send out
fault or warning information. The simple fault approaches refer to appendix A (FAQ) please.
7.3 Safety for maintain or service
Before you handle the fault, you must open the DC and AC circuit breaker first
and prove others can’t close it again without your permission.
The inverter must only be opened by qualified personnel for repair.
The inverter can still be charged with hazardous voltages even when it is
disconnected from the PV modules and the grid. Measure the DC bus voltage,
which must be lower than 48V, before starting work on the electronic system
inside the cabinet.
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31
8. Technical data
TRB4000TL
TRB5000TL
TRB6000TL
TRB8000TL
TRB9000TL
TRB010KTL
Rated AC power
4000 W
5000 W
6000 W
8000 W
9000 W
9600 W
Maximum AC power
4000 VA
5000 VA
6000 VA
8000 VA
9000 VA
10000 VA
4250 W
5250 W
6300 W
8400 W
9450 W
10400 W
1000 Vdc
1000Vdc
1000 Vdc
1000Vdc
1000Vdc
1000Vdc
MPP voltage range / rated
200 - 800 Vdc /
200 - 800 Vdc /
200 - 800 Vdc /
200 - 800 Vdc /
200 - 800 Vdc /
200 - 800 Vdc /
input voltage
240Vdc
300Vdc
350Vdc
460Vdc
520Vdc
580Vdc
Maximum input current
10 Adc / 10Adc
10 Adc / 10Adc
10 Adc /10Adc
10 Adc / 10Adc
10 Adc / 10Adc
10 Adc / 10Adc
Startup voltage
180 Vdc
180 Vdc
180 Vdc
180 Vdc
180 Vdc
180 Vdc
DC Switch
integrated
integrated
integrated
integrated
integrated
integrated
Initial feeding voltage
210 Vdc
210 Vdc
210 Vdc
210 Vdc
210 Vdc
210 Vdc
1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
MODEL
INPUT
Maximum input power
Maximum DC voltage in an
open circuit
Number of inputs
MPPT number
OUTPUT
Operating voltage
Number of grid phases
220Vac / 380 Vac
3
3
Voltage Range
230 Vac/ 400 Vac
3
3
180 - 270 Vac / 310 Vac - 470 Vac
Frequency range
50 Hz, 60Hz / -5 Hz ... +5 Hz
Power factor
Maximum current
or
-0,9 - 0,9 controllable
7 Aac
8.5Aac
10Aac
12.5 Aac
14
Aac
14.6 Aac
<20 mA
<20 mA
<20 mA
<20 mA
<20 mA
<20 mA
< 3%
< 3%
< 3%
< 3%
< 3%
Maximum efficiency
>98.1%
>98.1%
>98.1%
>98.1%
>98.1%
>98.1%
MPPT efficiency
>99.9%
>99.9%
>99.9%
>99.9%
>99.9%
>99.9%
European efficiency
>97,4%
>97,4%
>97,4%
>97,6%
>97,6%
>97,6%
Yes
Yes
Yes
24Kg
24Kg
24Kg
DC current injection (max.)
Current Harmonic
Distorsion(THDi)
< 3%
SYSTEM
Switching plan
Detecting earth leakage
self-commutated, transformerless
Yes
Yes
Yes
Heat dissipation
Convection
MECHANICAL SPEC.
Dimensions in mm
Weight
Protection class
Display
Data interface
Noise emission
Ambient operating temp
Casing
540 x 200 x470
23 Kg
23Kg
23 Kg
IP65
LCD 3.5 Inch
RS232 / RS485 / Ethernet /
WiFi / GPRS
< 35dB
-25 °C - +60 °C (> 45 °C derating)
Aluminium
CERTIFICATIONS
Safety compliance
32
VDE AR-N-4105, VDE 0126-1-1+A1, CE, G83/2, UTE C15-712, MEA, PEA, AS4777, NB/T32004-2013
User Manual
9. Warranty
9.1. Standard Warranty Period
For Trannergy inverters sold to UK, Netherlands, and Ireland, the standard warranty period is 120
months from the date of installation and no more than 126 months (10.5 years) from the date of
shipment from Trannergy Co., Ltd.
For Trannergy inverters sold to other countries, the standard warranty period for Trannergy inverter
is 60 months from the date of installation and no more than 66 months (5.5 years) from the date of
shipment from Trannergy Co., Ltd.
9.2. Extension of Warranty
The purchaser may apply for a warranty extension up to 12 months following the installation date or
24 months from the date of shipment (whichever date comes first) from Trannergy by providing the
serial number of the unit and purchased receipt. Extension warranty can be purchased for extra 5, 10
or 15 years for all inverters. Please refer to the Warranty Extension Order Form for more details.
9.3. Liability Insurance
Trannergy inverters are insured up to a maximum of $3,000,000 by Chubb Insurance Company
Limited.
9.4. Warranty Claim Procedure
Please report defective device with a brief error description and SN code to our service mail or
service hotline for registration.
Alternatively, please contact your specific dealer or installer if your unit is defective or faulty.
To claim the warranty under the warranty terms of Trannergy, you need to supply us with the
following information and documentation regarding the faulty unit: (email to our service mail is
high recommended)
 Fill the warranty card including the following information:
 Product Model No. (e.g. TRB6000TL ) and serial number (e.g. PCL6000N15085020);
 Error message on LCD screen (if available) or any information that would be helpful to
describe the situation;
 Detailed information about the entire system (modules, circuits, etc.);
 Documentation of previous claims/exchanges (if applicable);
 Copy of the invoice and warranty certificate for the inverter;
 Copy of the installation receipt with installation date;
After receiving above information, Trannergy will decide how to precede the service:
 Provide a replacement device of equivalent value according to model and age, and compensate
the labor cost for the replacement , or;
 Perform on site replacement by Trannergy when necessary.
In the case of an exchange, the remainder of the warranty entitlement will be transferred to the
replacement device. In this event, you will not receive a new certificate, as this replacement will be
noted by Trannergy. If the unit needs to be replaced following assessment, Trannergy will send a
User Manual
33
replacement unit immediately. The defective inverter should be sent back to the closest Trannergy
office by packing in its original package if possible or other comparable packaging.
9.5. Exclusion of Warranty Claims
To provide better service to Trannergy’s End Users, all Trannergy authorized Dealers or Distributors
are requested to respond to End Users’ warranty claim. Trannergy will replace any products or parts
of the product during the Warranty Period proved to be defective in design or manufacture. Any
defect caused by the following circumstances will not be covered by the manufacturer’s warranty
(the Dealers or Distributors are responsible and authorized by Trannergy for the following
investigation):
 Product modified, parts replaced or attempt to maintain;
 Changes, or attempted repairs and erasing of series number or seals by non Trannergy
technician;
 Incorrect installation or commissioning;
 Failure to comply with the safety regulations (VDE-A-RN-4105, VDE0126 standards, etc.);
 The Product has been improperly stored (including stored over time) and damaged while being
stored by the Dealer or the end user;
 Transport damage (including scratch caused by movement inside packaging during shipping). A
Claim should be made directly to shipping company/insurance Company as soon as the
container/packaging is unloaded and such damage is identified;
 Failure to follow any/all of the user manual, the installation guide and the maintenance
regulations;
 Improper use or misuse of the device;
 Insufficient ventilation of the device;
 Influence of foreign objects and force majeure (lightning, grid overvoltage, severe weather, fire,
etc.);
 Customers get the Trannergy product under improper transaction such as with legal dispute,
unpaid debt, etc.
 During the warranty period more than 10 years and less than 25 years, the freight and
replacement cost is covered by the customer, no matter how long the warranty is extended.
Trannergy will offer a repaired product after receiving the defect product in those cases.
 Trannergy reserves the right of final interpretation of all the terms.
9.6. Service after Warranty Expiration
For products which are out of warranty, Trannergy charges an on-site service fee, parts, labor cost
and logistic fee to end-user which can be any/all of:
 On-site attendance fee: Cost of travel and time for the technician in attending on-site;
 Parts: Cost of replacement parts (including any shipping/admin fee that may apply);
 Labor: Labor time fee charged for the technician, who is repairing, maintaining, and installing
(hardware or software) and debugging the faulty product;
 Logistic fee: Cost of delivery, tariff and other derived expense when defective products are
sent from user to Trannergy or/and repaired products are sent from Trannergy to user;
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User Manual
10. Contact Information
If you have any further technical questions about our products, please contact us:
Trannergy Co., Ltd
Address: No.188 Weiwu Rd, Shanghai China 201802
Email:
service@trannergy.com
Hotline: +86 400-012-9979
Trannergy UK Ltd
Address: Mezzanine Floor 19,, 19-21 Crawford Street, London, W1H 1PJ
Email:
service@trannergy.com
Hotline:
0845 056 4118
Trannergy Benelux Service Center
Address:
Loosterwegnoord 2J, 2161AP Lisse, The Netherlands
Email:
service@trannergy.com
Hotline:
+31 2 02170801
Trannergy Australia Service Center
Email:
service@trannergy.com
Hotline:
+61 (0)9 2188 2117
Signature:
Date: Mar.1 2015
For further information of Trannergy warranty regulation and reliability, please visit
www.trannergy.com
User Manual
35
Appendix A: FAQ (Frequently asked questions)
Sometimes, the PV system does not work normally; we recommend the following solutions for
average troubleshooting. This can help the technician to understand the problem and take a proper
action.
LCD display
Possible actions
Isolation Fault
1.
2.
Clearable
Fault
Ground Current Fault
1. The ground current is too high.
2. After cutting off the AC side connection, unplug the inputs
from the PV generator and check the peripheral AC system.
3. After the cause is cleared, re-plug the PV panel and AC
connection, and check PV inverter status.
Grid Fault Fac Over
Range Vac Over
Range
1.
Utility Loss
1. Grid is not connected.
2. Check grid connection cables.
3. Check grid usability.
4. If grid is ok and the problem exists still, maybe the fuse in the
inverter is open, please call service.
Over Temperature
1.
PV over Voltage
1.
2.
Wait for 5 minutes, if the grid returns to normal, PV inverter
automatically restarts.
Make sure grid voltage and frequency meet the local
specifications.
The internal temperature of inverter is higher than specified
normal value.
2. Find a way to reduce the ambient temperature.
3. Or move the inverter to a cooler environment.
2.
Permanent
Fault
Check whether the inverter is earthed and test impedance
between PV (+) & (-) and the impedance must exceed 3MΩ;
Check whether the AC-side has contacts with earth.
Check the open PV DC voltage, and see if it is greater than or
too close to 900VDC
If PV DC voltage is less than 900VDC, and the problem still
occurs, please call local service.
Consistent Fault
Disconnect PV (+) or PV(-) from the input, restart the inverter.
Relay-Check Fail
1. Disconnect all PV (+) or PV (-).
2. Wait for a few seconds.
3. After the LCD switches off, reconnect and check again.
4. If the problem remains, please call local service.
DC INJ High
EEPROM R/W Fail
SCI Failure
AC HCT Fault
GFCI Failure
If the PV DC voltage is higher than 200V, while the inverter still doesn’t work, please call the local
service.
During periods of little or no sunlight, the inverter may continuously start up and shut down. This is
due to insufficient power generated and it is normal working state. If sunlight strengthens or energy
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User Manual
increase to support the inverter’s startup, while the problems remain, please call service.
Except the frequent problems as above, if you still have any problems which cannot be solved,
please contact us and we will offer the best services as we can.
Appendix B: Abbreviation
AC
DC
DLU
DSP
EEPROM
EMC
EMI
GFCI
HCT
HMI
LCD
LED
MPPT
PC
PV
PVCS
SCI
User Manual
Alternating Current
Direct Current
Data Logger Unit
Digital Signal Processing
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
Electro Magnetic Compatibility
Electro Magnetic Interference
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
Hall Current Transformer
Human Machine Interface
Liquid Crystal Display
Light Emitting Diode
Maximum Power Point Track
Personal Computer
Photovoltaic
Photovoltaic Control System
Serial Communication Interface
37
P/N: 540-00033-02
Ver: 00
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