User Guide

User Guide
User Guide:
PFM 5000 Measuring Instrument - Standard Version
VUE2E102
© Danfoss VUE2E102
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Contents
PFM 5000 main features.............................................................................................................................................................................5
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................................................5
PFM 5000 Standard components................................................................................................................................................................7
Switching on and off...................................................................................................................................................................................8
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................................................8
Getting started ............................................................................................................................................................................................9
Installation of PFM 5000 application.......................................................................................................................................................10
Delivery with Smartphone.........................................................................................................................................................................12
Bluetooth settings......................................................................................................................................................................................13
Run PFM 5000 application.......................................................................................................................................................................15
PFM 5000 application settings..................................................................................................................................................................16
Start of measuring.....................................................................................................................................................................................17
Sensor zero setting.....................................................................................................................................................................................20
Data recording...........................................................................................................................................................................................21
Data recording...........................................................................................................................................................................................22
(continued).................................................................................................................................................................................................22
Data recording...........................................................................................................................................................................................23
(continued).................................................................................................................................................................................................23
Calculation of valve presetting for a required flow in one branch............................................................................................................23
Calculation of valve presetting for a required flow in one branch (continued)........................................................................................24
Calculation of pressure loss on the valve for required flow......................................................................................................................25
Working with projects...............................................................................................................................................................................26
Starting with projects.................................................................................................................................................................................27
Creating new project ................................................................................................................................................................................28
Creating new project ................................................................................................................................................................................29
Creating new project ................................................................................................................................................................................30
Preparing for project balancing - measuring.............................................................................................................................................31
Preparing for project balancing - measuring.............................................................................................................................................32
Balancing of basic project ........................................................................................................................................................................33
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Balancing calculation of a project with central pressure input - procedure..............................................................................................36
Replacement of sintered filters..................................................................................................................................................................37
Technical specifications............................................................................................................................................................................38
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PFM 5000 main
features
• Separated main pressure unit and computing unit
Introduction
PFM 5000 Standard has been designed to create hydraulic
balance in heating and cooling systems.It enables measur-
PFM 5000 Standard has the advantage of high class digital
technology, which enables it to compensate for inaccuracies,
ing of pressure flow and temperatures in a system. Using
differences in pressure, PFM 5000 is capable of turning
normally associated with pressure measurements, such as
temperature dependency and non-linearity.In order to in-
these two pressures on both sides of a valve into flow.Flow
through individual branches of the system can be meas-
crease the accuracy of low pressure measuring and to enable
pressure connection deaeration, the main pressure unit is de-
ured, creating perfect balance in the whole system.
PFM 5000 Standard has a number of key features, that
signed with incoming by-pass couplers for hydraulic zero setting.
makes it easy to use.
PFM 5000 Standard consists of two separate units: a main
This forms the basis for the accuracy of measurements.
The PFM 5000 Standard can be supplemented with an ex-
pressure unit for measuring pressure, flow and temperature, and a computing unit for displaying results and data
ternal thermometer connected via a coaxial connector.The
temperature of the working medium can easily be measured
analysis.
The main pressure unit is extremely robust, with a sturdy
frame and sound cover.Inside the pressure unit is a
differential pressure meter with an integrated true
differential pressure sensor for accurate digital data
processing.
by inserting the thermometer into the measuring nipples of
the valve, were you normally insert 3 mm measuring needles.
Specifications for other valve manufacturers than Danfoss are
pre-programmed in the memory of the PFM 5000 Standard.
based on Smart Phone with Android OS connected by
Bluetooth
• Multisource version includes Converter Unit which
converts Bluetooth to wireless communication in ISM band
• Possible connection up to 10 pressure units
• Accurate pressure measuring with true differential
pressure sensor and 24 bit ADC
• Hydraulic by-pass for exact small differential pressure
measuring
The flow meter automatically corrects the flow for different
types of mediums being measured, such as antifreeze additives in cooling systems.
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• External PT-100 thermometer
• Working with projects
• Programmable autonomous recording mode
• Main unit powered by rechargeable Li-Ion battery
The autonomous measuring mode of PFM 5000 Standard
allows independent data recording based on a preprogrammed period.The acquired data are initially saved in
5
PFM 5000 Standard can calculate complicated multi-branch
heating systems by simulating the hydraulic system with
balancing calculations based on two measuring in each
branch.
During balancing calculations, the PFM 5000 Standard
utilises a sophisticated method for calculating hydraulic
resistances within the system. As a result, the PFM 5000
Standard comes up with a proposal with the lowest energy
loss.This function dramatically decreases the time required
for balancing.
6
© Danfoss
VUE2E102
the main pressure unit and can subsequently be analysed in
computing unit .
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PFM 5000
Standard
components
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© Danfoss
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7
Switching on
and off
1. Press ON/OFF button to switch on PFM 5000
Standard.
The sensor switches off automatically 60 minutes
after the end of communication with PDA.
Introduction
8
.
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Getting started
1. Smartphone has touch-sensitive display and usually
three basic buttons:
2. Insert SIM card to your Smartphone. Unlock SIM card by
standard procedure for mobile phones.
Home – it serves for return to Smartphone main window.
Make sure that you have arranged internet services to your
SIM card due to downloading about 50 MB of data during
Smartphone activation. Next amount of data will be
charged during PFM5000 application download.
Back – it returns the current window of a back. While
application is running, you can return up to the phone main
window and application stops.
Menu – phone or application menu.
3. Create Google Account.
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4.
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Fill requested fields.
9
Getting started
(continued)
Installation of
PFM 5000
application
10
5. You have created Google
account after some standard
steps.
1. Enter Market
2. Search for PFM 5000
application.
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Installation of
PFM 5000
application
3. Choose PFM 5000 ST.
4. Click Download.
(continued)
5. Continue Accept &
download
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6. Continue Open.
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11
Installation of
PFM 5000
application
7. PFM 5000ST main menu.
8. Return to Smartphone
Main Window by Back button
Delivery with
Smartphone
PFM 5000 application is installed on the Smartphone. You
need only insert SIM card to phone and setup call and
internet services.
It is necessary to create Google account if you want
download upgrades of PFM5000 application.
(continued)
12
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Bluetooth
settings
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1. Enter Phone setup by
Settings Button
2. Enter Wireless &
networks.
3. Switch On Bluetooth and
enter Bluetooth settings.
4. Continue by Scan for
devices.
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13
Bluetooth
settings
5. Choose PFM5000 pair with
this device.
6. Enter password: xxxx serial number of sensor.
(continued)
7. Return to Smartphone
Main window by Home.
14
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Run PFM 5000
application
1. Enter Aplications window.
Tap and hold PFM5000 icon.
PFM5000 application makes
link on Smartphone Main
window.
2. Tap the PFM 5000
Standard application from
Main window.
3. PFM5000 application is
running.
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15
PFM 5000
application
settings
1. Enter Settings from
PFM 5000 main menu.
2. Choose all items by your
request – Pressure Units.
3. Flow Units.
16
4. Temperature units.
Return back to PFM 5000
main menu.
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Start of
measuring
1. Enter Measure.
2. You need permit Bluetooth
module if you have Bluetooth
module switched off.
3. Select your PFM 5000 ST
pressure unit.
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4. Measuring Main Window.
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17
Start of
measuring
(continued)
18
5. Set your measuring to real
situation by Settings phone
button.
6. Select valve:
Select Manufacturer from list
box. Then select valve type
and click Ok.
7. Change valve preseting.
8. Change medium.
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Start of
measuring
(continued)
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9. Medium temperature:
Because the properties of the medium and thus the
measured flow rate for non-freezing mediums dependent on
temperature, PFM 5000 must know media temperature.
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You can either enter
temperature manually or
measure it by PFM 5000
temperature probe.
19
Sensor zero
setting
1. Should you want to
measure small
differential pressures
of less than 500Pa,
the PFM 5000 sensor
should be set to zero.
2. Zero setting is achieved
by clicking on Sensor zero
setting button.
measuring position
z ero setting position
4. Turn zero valve back to
vertical position and
confirm by clicking OK.
3. Connect sensor to the
system, turn zero valve to
horizontal position and
continue by clicking OK.
20
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Data recording
2. Click on Menu, New
button.
1. Select Records in the main
menu.
3. Select recording units.
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4. Select place, name,
period and number or
records.
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21
Data recording
(continued)
5. Click OK. The setting will be transmitted to the PFM 5000
Standard sensor and recording will begin. The recording
status will be indicated by PFM 5000 Standard LED.
8. Enter name of file for
the read data. File is saved
to save onto Memory card
/PFM5000/Records folder.
7. Data recorded into the
sensor can be accessed by
clicking on Read button.
Clicking on Save button will
save data.
22
6. Clicking on New or Read
button during recording
will pop up a message.
Only answer this at the
end of the recording
period.
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Data recording
(continued)
Calculation of
valve
presetting for
a required flow
in one branch
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9. Saved data can be
accessed by clicking on Open
button.
1. Click on Calculations
button in the main menu.
2. Select valve and enter
the current presetting in
the branch. Click on
Calculate presetting
button.
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23
Calculation of
valve presetting
for a required
flow in one
branch
3. Enter the required flow for
the branch.
4. Measure the current
flow through the branch.
5. Close valve and measure
the available pressure in the
branch.
6. Presetting for the
required flow will appear in
the Results window.
Presetting out of range
message will appear if it is
not possible to achieve the
required flow.
(continued)
24
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Calculation of
pressure loss
on the valve
for required
flow
1. Click on Calculations
button in the main menu.
2. Select valve and enter
the current presetting in
the branch. Click on
Calculate pressure loss
button.
4. Answer will appear in
the Results window.
3. Enter the required flow for
the branch.
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25
Working with
projects
PFM 5000 Standard includes a built-in module for project
balancing calculations comprised of one horizontal and a
maximum of 100 vertical branches. The calculation assumes
that the pressure input of
the project is constant and that the project is devoid of
negative feedback hydraulic elements (for instance
differential pressure regulators within branches or
thermostatic valves).
Basic Project Schematic
26
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Starting with
projects
2. The last project to
be opened in the Project
window.
1. Select Projects in the main
menu.
Manual entry Icon
Measure Icon
Creating new
project
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2. Enter name of the new
project.
1. Press Options button and
New. Projects are stored in
Memory card/PFM5000
/Projects folder for safety in
case of system failure.
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27
Creating new
project
(continued)
3. Check Common valve box
or uncheck if it is not present
in the project.
4. Select Common valve
manufacturer and type in
checked state. Fill Initial
presetting of the common
valve.
6. Select the Branch tab.
Click on Settings, Add
branch button.
5. You can measure Input
pressure using the Measure
icon in its line.
The calculated Common
valve presetting can be
viewed in the Presetting
Window at the end of project
balancing.
28
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Creating new
project
(continued)
8. Example: Similarly to the
Input pressure, it will be
possible to measure the
Initial flow and Close
pressure.
7. Fill in the Branch name,
Valve, Requested flow and
the Initial presetting. The
other fields will be filled
automatically during branch
measuring or after the
balancing calculation.
10. The correct order of
branches in the project can
be set by moving selected
up or down in the project
structure.
9. Add the rest of the
branches included in the
project following the above
instructions. Note that the
order of branches in the
project must correspond to
the distance of each branch
from the input pressure
source.
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29
Creating new
project
11. Save the project.
Preparing for
project
balancing –
measuring
1. Prior to measuring, the Initial presetting has to be set on
all balancing valves within the project including the common
valve. When re-balancing an existing or newly designed
project, it is most effective to enter the actual presetting of
balancing valves within.
(continued)
30
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2. Connect PFM 5000
Standard sensor to the
Project input pressure.
Open the Project.
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Preparing for
project balancing
- measuring
3. Measuring of project input
pressure.
4. Connect PFM 5000
Standard sensor to the
balancing valve at any
branch and select the
appropriate branch in the
Branch tab. It is necessary
to measure both the Flow
through the valve with
Initial presetting of the
balancing valve and the
Available pressure in the
branch with the balancing
valve being closed. The
value measured will be
automatically filled in the
corresponding field.
5. Measuring of disposal
pressure. Close the balancing
valve in the branch prior to
measuring the available
pressure in the branch. The
value measured will again be
saved along with branch
data.
6. Measuring of initial flow
in branch. PFM 5000
Standard will automatically
choose the correct valve
and presetting according
to the branch selected.
The Initial flow measured
will be saved along with
the rest of the branch
data.
(continued)
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31
Preparing for
project balancing
- measuring
7. The project is ready for balancing after the Initial flow
and Available pressure for each branch of the project has
been measured.
(continued)
Balancing of
basic project
32
2. Select Basic project
balancing.
1. Return to the Project tab
and click on the Smartphone
Settings/Balancing project
button.
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Balancing of
basic project
(continued)
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3. In order to minimize power losses in the project, PFM
5000 Standard starts balancing with a 3kPa pressure drop
on the balancing valve in the last branch. Next, the nonbalanced branches are optimized. If for any branch a higher
pressure drop is required on the balancing valve, the
computing will be restarted with an increased pressure drop
in the last branch. The balancing stops when the minimum
number of branches is not balanced.
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4. The result of balancing
appears in the State field in
the Start Balancing
window.
33
Project with
Central
Pressure
Input
34
We often come across systems with a central pressure input
with a distribution of the medium to either side of the input.
It is possible to balance such project by virtually dividing it
into two separate projects with
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unidirectional branch distribution. The two projects are
measured and balanced individually and subsequently
drawn together using the Bind Projects command as
follows.
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Balancing
calculation of
a project
with central
pressure
input procedure
1. Create two projects - Left Side and Right Side as
depicted above.
2. Close the Right Side project by a stop valve.
3. Measure the Left Side project.
6. Return to the Project
tab and open one side of
the middle powered project
– for instance BELORUSKA
L. Click on the Smartphone
Settings/Balancing project
button.
4. Close the Left Side project by a stop valve.
5. Open and measure the Right Side project.
7. Click on Middle power
project balancing button.
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8. Open the second side of
the middle powered project
– Beloruska R.
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35
Balancing
calculation of a
project with
central pressure
input procedure
(continued)
Measuring
actual flow
36
9. PFM 5000 Standard will
balance the two projects
separately. Next, it will
rebalance the side of the
project that requires higher
pressure after the common
valve. Finally, it will correct
the KV of the common valve
for both of the projects.
1. Click on Branch tab and
select branch to measure.
Click on Measure icon at Real
flow line.
© Danfoss
2. The flow value
measured will be entered
under the “Real flow”
parameter of the selected
branch.
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Replacement
of sintered
filters
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When PFM 5000 Standard starts reacting slowly to changes in pressure or
when after powering up the pressure displayed exceeds 5 kPa, it is
necessary to change sintered filters as shown in the picture below. If there
is no improvement, please return to the manufacturer for servicing.
© Danfoss
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37
Technical
specifications
38
Main pressure unit
Pressure range................... 0-1000 kPa ~ 0-10 bar
0-2000 kPa ~ 0-20 bar
Max. static pressure....... 10 or 20 bar
Max. over pressure 1200 kPa ~ 12 bar
2200 kPa ~ 22 bar
Reliability, linearity and hysteresis error...... 0.15 % of range
Temperature error....... 0.25 % of range
Static pressure effect.......... ± 200 Pa
Medium temperature - 5 to 90° C (at end of connection tubes)
Ambient temperature...... - 5 to 50° C
Storage temperature................ -10 to 70° C
Temperature probe........ Pt 100 digital
Temperature measuring range.... -20 to 120° C
Temperature measuring error..................... ± 1° C
Power Li lon battery 3.6 V 950 mAh (for Nokia 6230 mobile phone)
Operating time Max. 120 hours
Charging time.................. 7 hours
Interface, Standard ..........Bluetooth
Interface, Multisource RF wireless 868 MHz
Communication speed, Multisource..... 9600 bps
RF transmitter power, Multisource 25 mW
Radio range (open air), Multisource Up to 30 m
Wireless routers, Multisource...... 868 MHz, 500 mW
Number of routers, Multisource... max. 3
Radio range with 3 routers (open air), Multisource....... 300 m
Number of records Max. 3500
Dimensions (w x h x d)............. 77 x 19 x 25 mm
Weight...................................... 620 g
Cover....................................... IP 65
Calibration validity............ 12 months
© Danfoss
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Computing unit
Menu languages .................................11
Number of projects . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .20
Number of branches . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .60
PC interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .USB
Recommended computing unit:
Smartphone with display resolution 320x480 and
above for instance:
Samsung Galaxy Ace
Samsung Galaxy Ace Plus
Samsung Galaxy Xcover S5690
LG Optimus Black P970
Supported OS Android 2.1 and above
Wireless module . . . . . .Coronis Waveport 868 MHz
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