Instruction Manual PU/PI and PS10 Differential Pressure Transducers

Instruction Manual PU/PI and PS10 Differential Pressure Transducers
Instruction Manual
PU/PI and PS10
Differential Pressure
Transducers
halstrup-walcher GmbH
Stegener Straße 10
D-79199 Kirchzarten
Germany
Phone: +49 (0) 76 61/39 63–0
Fax:
+49 (0) 76 61/39 63–99
E-Mail: info@halstrup-walcher.com
Internet: www.halstrup-walcher.com
Document 7100.001784 Version 4.0 09/2005
PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
Table of Contents
1 Safety precautions ................................................................................................................ 4
1.1 Appropriate use................................................................................................................ 4
1.2 Shipping, assembly, electrical connections and start-up ................................................. 4
1.3 Troubleshooting, maintenance, repairs, disposal ............................................................ 4
1.4 Symbols ........................................................................................................................... 5
2 Instrument description ........................................................................................................... 6
3 Start-up ................................................................................................................................. 6
3.1 Features........................................................................................................................... 6
3.2 Supply voltage connections in the instrument:................................................................. 7
3.3 Analog output connections in the instrument ................................................................... 7
4 Calibrating the zero point ...................................................................................................... 8
5 Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................... 9
6 Technical data..................................................................................................................... 10
7 Dimension drawings............................................................................................................ 12
2
PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
Purpose of instruction manual
This instruction manual describes the features of the PU/PI and PS10 differential
pressure transducers and provides guidelines for their use.
Improper use of this instrument or failure to follow these instructions may cause injury
or equipment damage. Every person who uses the device must therefore read the
manual and understand the possible risks. The instruction manual, and in particular
the safety precautions contained therein, must be followed carefully. Contact the
manufacturer if you do not understand any part of this instruction manual.
Handle this manual with care:
• It must be readily available throughout the lifecycle of the instrument.
• It must be provided to any individuals who assume responsibility for operating the
instrument at a later date.
• It must include any supplementary materials provided by the manufacturer.
The manufacturer reserves the right to continue developing this instrument model
without documenting such development in each individual case. The manufacturer
will be happy to determine whether this manual is up-to-date.
Conformity
This instrument corresponds to the state of the art and meets all legal requirements
set forth in EC directives as evidenced by the CE label.
© 2005
The manufacturer owns the copyright to this instruction manual. This manual contains
data, instructions and drawings pertaining to the features and usage of this
instrument; copying this manual in part or in full or distributing it to third parties is
prohibited.
3
PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
1
Safety precautions
1.1 Appropriate use
In addition to differential pressure data, the PU/PI and PS10 differential pressure
transducers also record positive and negative overpressures.
Always observe the operating requirements—particularly the permissible supply
voltage—indicated on the rating plate and in the "Technical data” section of this
manual.
The instrument may only be handled as indicated in this manual. Modifications to the
instrument are prohibited. The manufacturer is not liable for damages caused by
improper use or failure to follow these instructions. Violations of this type render all
warranty claims null and void.
1.2 Shipping, assembly, electrical connections and start-up
Do not close the pressure inputs when shipping, as changes in barometric pressure
could damage instruments with low measuring ranges.
Only technical personnel who are appropriately trained and authorized by the
operator of the facility may assemble the instrument and set up its electrical
connections.
The instrument may only be operated by appropriately trained individuals who have
been authorized by the operator of the facility.
Pressurized air or breath is not to be used for performance tests, as this could
damage instruments with low measurement ranges.
Measurement errors may occur if the instrument is not kept protected from sunlight.
Specific safety precautions are given in individual sections of this manual.
1.3 Troubleshooting, maintenance, repairs, disposal
The individual responsible for the electrical connections must be notified immediately
if the instrument is damaged or if errors occur that cannot be corrected as indicated in
section 5.
This individual must take the instrument out of service until the error has been
corrected and ensure that it cannot be used unintentionally.
Always unplug the power cord before opening the instrument!
This instrument requires no maintenance.
Only the manufacturer may perform repairs that require the housing to be opened.
4
PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
The electronic components of the instrument contain environmentally hazardous
materials and materials that can be reused. For this reason the instrument must be
recycled in accordance with the environmental guidelines of the jurisdiction in
question once it has been taken permanently out of service.
1.4 Symbols
The symbols given below are used throughout this manual to indicate instances when
improper operation could result in the following hazards:
WARNING! This warns you of a potential hazard that could lead to bodily injury up
to and including death if the corresponding instructions are not followed.
WARNING: This warns you of a potential hazard that could lead to significant
property damage if corresponding instructions are not followed.
INFORMATION This indicates that the corresponding information is important for
operating the instrument properly.
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PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
2
Instrument description
The PU/PI and PS10 pressure transducers are pneumatic, electronic sensors for
measuring overpressures, vacuum pressures and differential pressures. Typical
applications include, for instance, pressure measurements in air-conditioning and
ventilation ducts. At the heart of the transducer is a pressure measurement capsule
with a beryllium bronze membrane spring, which is displaced by the pressure
difference between the two chambers of the measurement capsule. Inductive
displacement transducers measure membrane deflection without contacting the
membrane. The instrument has no frictional parts or parts subject to mechanical wear.
3
3.1
Start-up
Features
Although the PU/PI and PS 10 pressure transducers are highly robust, they are
nevertheless precision instruments and should be handled with care. Avoid mounting
the instruments in the direct vicinity of any sources of radiation or heat, such as
heaters, as this could result in measurement errors. Ideally, the instrument should be
mounted vertically on a wall not subject to vibration. Pressure (+) and vacuum (-)
ports should be pointing down in order to prevent any condensation from entering the
measurement cell.
When connecting pressure to the transducer, use the following table to ensure that
the sign of the pressure (+ or -) is correct.
Type of pressure
Connect pressure to
Example
overpressure
+ input port
0...1 kPa
vacuum
- input port
0...- 500 Pa
differential pressure
higher pressure at + port
lower pressure at - port
0…125 Pa, e.g. via a differential
pressure transducer (such as a
measuring orifice)
symmetrical pressure ranges
+ input port
± 200 Pa
asymmetrical pressure
ranges
input port corresponding to
the high end of the pressure
range
-300 Pa...+ 1 kPa
(pressure should be connected to
the + input port)
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PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
3.2
Supply voltage connections in the instrument:
Configuration depends upon which of two following types of circuit board is used: (not all
components are shown)
type 1 with a 120 x 80 mm housing; type 2 with an 82 x 88 mm housing
Type 1:
Type 2:
P0
P0
Terminal
Supply voltage
Terminal
Supply voltage
11
24/115/230 V~ 50/60 Hz
1
No AC possible
13
24/115/230 V~ 50/60 Hz
2
11
+20.5 V...28.5 VDC
1
+20.5 V...28.5 VDC
13
ground (GND)
2
ground (GND)
Observe the required supply voltage (see rating plate) as well as the connection
diagram located on the housing cover / circuit board mount.
3.3
Analog output connections in the instrument
Type 1:
Type 2:
Terminal
Output signal
Terminal
Output signal
1
ground (GND)
3
ground (GND)
2
0...10 V / 0/4...20 mA
4
0...10 V / 0/4...20 mA
± 5 V / ± 10 V
± 5 V / ± 10 V
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PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
The transducer outputs are protected from short circuits. Instruments supplied with
direct current are also protected from reverse polarity
4
Calibrating the zero point
Please remember that it takes roughly 30 to 60 minutes for the pressure
transducer to warm up after it is switched on. The output signal may not
remain stable during this period.
The wiring of the current outputmakes it impossible to enter a negative current.
As a result, operators cannot turn the zero-point potentiometer beyond the
0.0 mA mark when calibrating the zero point. Were this not the case, the
negative component, which cannot be displayed, would interfere with the
output signal.
After the pressure transducer has warmed up, the operator may calibrate the zero
point using the P0 trimmer (see figures 1 and 2). The following table may be used to
look up the value to which the analog output must be set when the ports are open;
this value is dependent upon both the measurement range and the output signal.
0...10 V
0...20 mA
4...20 mA
±5V
± 10 V
0...nominal pressure
0.00 V
0.00 mA
4.00 mA
- 5.00 V
- 10.00 V
± nominal pressure
5.00 V
10.00 mA
12.00 mA
0.00 V
asymmetrical measurement
range
the output signal corresponding to the average of both
measurement range limiting values
Output signal
Measurement range
8
0.00 V
PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
5
Troubleshooting
Error Description
Potential Cause
Corrective Action
no output signal
• supply voltage is not
connected
• connect correct supply voltage
• incorrect supply voltage
• connect the correct supply voltage
(see rating plate).
type 1 circuit board:
• defective fuse
• replace the SI1 fuse (Wickmann model
TR5 200 mAT)
• defective input protection diode • replace D7 (model ZPY33)
only for DC power:
• defective reverse polarity
protection diode
• replace D1 diode (model 1N4005)
type 2 circuit board:
• defective reverse polarity
protection diode
• replace D1 diode (model 1N4005)
• defective input protection diode • replace D2 (model ZPY33)
output signal is
constant, despite
change in pressure
• defective output protection
diode
type 1 circuit board:
• replace D5 / D4 (model ZPY18)
type 2 circuit board:
• replace D4 / D3 (model ZPY18)
output signal incorrect
• pressure ports reversed
• connect pressure as outlined in
section 3. “Mounting”
• defective output protection
diode
type 1 circuit board:
• replace D5 / D4 (model ZPY18)
type 2 circuit board:
• replace D4 / D3 (model ZPY18)
(only for 0...20 mA)
• defective pressure
measurement cell
• Send the instrument to the
manufacturer for repair
for current output:
• output loadtoo high
• observe maximum output load of 500Ω
for voltage output:
• load resistance too low
• current output calibrated
incorrectly
zero point cannot be
adjusted using P0
defective pressure measurement
cell
9
• observe minimum load resistance
(either 2 kΩ, 5 kΩ or 10 kΩ, depending
on output; see section 6 “Technical
Data”
• follow instructions on calibrating the
zero point at a current output of
0…20mA
Send the instrument to the
manufacturer for repair
PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
6
Technical data
Measurement data
measurement ranges
overload capacity
hysteresis
warm-up period
time required for adjustment
deviation from characteristic curve
(setting limiting value)
0...50 Pa to 0...100 kPa or
±50 Pa to ±100 kPa
(others available upon request)
10 x the final value of the measurement range
(for measurement ranges ≤ 20 kPa)
2 x the final value of the measurement range
(for measurement ranges > 20 kPa)
0.1 %
approx. 30 min.
approx. 20 ms (up to 5 s available upon request)
1 % for PU/PI model
0.5 % only for meas. ranges ≥250 Pa (optional)
0.2 % only for meas. ranges ≥250 Pa (optional)
2% for PS 10 model (others available upon request)
temperature-dependent drift in zero
point
0.04%/ K (in the +10°C...+50 °C range) for PU / PI model
temperature-dependent drift in
measurement range
0.04%/ K (in the +10°C...+50 °C range) for PU / PI model
dead volume
approx. 2000 mm3 (for measurement ranges ≥ 250 Pa)
approx. 9000 mm3 (for measurement ranges < 250 Pa)
control volume
max. system pressure
Ambient conditions
medium
nominal temperature
operating temperature
storage temperature
relative humidity
EMC standards
conformity
max. 200mm³
100 kPa
0.1%/ K (in the +10°C...+50 °C range) for PS 10 model
0.1%/ K (in the +10°C...+50 °C range) for PS 10 model
air, all non-aggressive gases
+10° C to +50° C
0° C to +60° C
-10° C to +70° C
0…80 %
EN 6100-6-3:2001 and EN 61000-6-2:2001; CSA
declaration of conformity available upon request
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PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
Electrical data
power consumption
supply voltage
max. 1.2 W
24 VDC +20% / -15%
(filtered, permissible peak-to-valley ratio = 1000 mV)
230VAC, 115VAC, 24VAC +6 % / -15 %, 50/60 Hz
(optional)
minimum load resistance RL
maximum output load RB
display
output signal
Physical data
pressure port
electrical connections
mounting orientation
dimensions (w x h x d)
protection class
weight
options
RL ≥ 2 kΩ for an output voltage of 0...10 V
RL ≥ 5 kΩ for an output voltage of ±5 V
RL ≥ 10 kΩ for an output voltage of ±10 V
for models PU and PS10 with output voltage
maximum effect of load resistance = 0.3%
RB = 500 Ω
for models PI and PS 10 with current output
output load dependence: < 0.3 %
3½ or 4½-place LCD, character height = 13 mm
(optional)
0 to 10 V, 0 to 20 mA or 4 to 20 mA; ±5 V and ±10 V are
also possible
Ø 6.5 mm for NW5 tubing
(interior tubing diameter = 5 mm)
screw terminals for cables up to 2.5 mm2
vertical
(when placing your order, please indicate if a horizontal
orientation is required)
80 x 120 x 73 mm
120 x 122 x 75 mm (for LCD option)
for type 1
80 x 82 x 66 mm
for type 2
IP54
between 300 g and 700 g, depending on design
• 3½-place LCD
• 4½-place LCD
• linearity protocol
• DKD calibration certificate
• cable gland: PG9 or PG11 threaded connections
• output signal attenuation up to 5 s
• silicon-free materials for parts in contact with medium
Appendix A: Parts in contact with measurement medium
• Beryllium bronze CuBe2
• Mu metal (nickel alloy)
• Brass CuZn39Pb3
• Aluminum AlCuMgPb / AlMg3
• Silicon (tubing) optional: Viton
• Crastin (PTBP)
• Araldite CY236 / HY988
• Loctite 242e
• Carbonyl iron
• KEL (FPM: fluorinated rubber)
• Vepuran Vu 4457/51
• UHU-Plus endfest 300 binder
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PU/PI and PS10 Instruction Manual
7
Dimension drawings
PU/PI/PS10 (standard)
151
135
73
7
80
120
25
4.5
33
20
34
PU/PI/PS10 with LCD
122
Ø4.5
111
75
25
120
90.5
Option LCD
22
20
17
7100001784D_PUPI_eng.doc 12.09.2005 Su/Ze
12
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