wResidential Chlorinator - Saline Generating Systems
OWNER’S MANUAL
wave 20
wave 40
MODELS
20,000 Gallon System
40,000 Gallon System
wave
Residential Chlorinator
By Saline Generating Systems
Wave Residential Warranty
This limited warranty is applicable to all “WAVE SYSTEMS” manufactured by SALINE GENERATING SYSTEMS, “WAVE” Saltwater Chlorination systems
installed for residential use. For purposes hereof, the term “residential use” shall be deemed to mean use of the Unit within any pool installed for
personal use at a single family home. USE OF WAVE SYSTEMS IN AN APPLICATION DEEMED COMMERCIAL WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
This limited warranty is subject to the following terms, conditions and exclusions:
1.
This limited warranty shall only apply to the owner of the residence within which the Unit has been installed, including any
successor owner of such residence (referred to herein as the “Customer”), and is not transferable to any other assignee, transferee or other
recipient of the Unit.
2.
For any Unit installed for residential use, Saline Generating Systems (hereinafter referred to as “SGS”), warrants all “WAVE” parts (with
the exception of the O-ring, The Control Center plastic cover, labels, cell cap, and cell housing, which are normal replacement items and
excluded from this warranty) to be free from manufacturing defects in materials and workmanship for a period of five years from date of
purchase from SGS or an authorized SGS “WAVE” dealer, subject to the Customer’s satisfaction of its contribution obligation set forth in Paragraph
3, below (which applies only after the second full year of the five-year warranty period). All warranty claims are subject to the Customer's
compliance with all applicable requirements set forth in this limited warranty, including the Customer's obligation to ship the unit (with shipping
charges prepaid) to SGS (as described in Paragraph 9, below).
In the first two years of the five-year prorated warranty period, SGS will repair or replace any “Wave” parts in the Unit that are confirmed to have
been defective at no cost to the Customer. In years three, four and five of the warranty period, SGS will repair or replace any “Wave” parts in
the Unit that are confirmed to have been defective, provided the Customer shall be required to pay a portion, equal to the Applicable
Percentage (as determined below for each applicable year) of the Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) for the defective part being
repaired or replaced, as a condition precedent to SGS’ obligation to repair or replace such defective part. The Applicable Percentage shall be
determined as follows:
Third Year of Five year Warranty Period:
Sixty Percent (60%) of MSRP
Fourth Year of Five-Year Warranty Period:
Sixty Percent (60%) of MSRP
Fifth Year of Five-Year Warranty Period: Sixty Percent (60%) of MSRP
3.
This limited warranty is solely for the replacement of defective parts as hereafter provided. SGS reserves the right to replace
defective parts with new or refurbished parts at its sole discretion. All warranty replacement parts furnished by SGS will carry a warranty against
manufacturing defects for the greater of: (i) one year from the date of installation, or (ii) the balance of the original five-year warranty period on
the part replaced. Failed “Wave” parts must be returned to SGS for examination and replacement at purchaser’s sole cost and expense, to
determine whether failure is due to manufacturer defect or other cause.
4.
This limited warranty is applicable only if the unit is installed, operated and maintained in accordance with the procedures
outlined in the “WAVE” Owner’s Manual. Failure to do so will void this limited warranty.
5.
Pool water must be tested regularly in order to properly maintain its chemical balance, which is critical to proper operation of the
unit. Problems or equipment failures resulting from the failure to maintain pool water chemistry in accordance with guidelines set forth in the
Owner’s Manual will void the warranty. Customer releases SGS and holds SGS harmless from any and all claims attributable in whole or in part to
their failure to comply with the foregoing guidelines concerning maintenance of pool chemistry.
6.
Without limiting the generality of any of the waivers contained within this limited warranty, this limited warranty applies only to
equipment failures due to manufacturing defects and explicitly does not apply to any injury, loss, damage, defect, or malfunction of the unit or
failure to function caused by, or attributable to, among other things, any of the following: low salinity, copper chemical damage, improper
handling, improper storage, abuse, unauthorized or improper installation, unsuitable application of the unit, lack of reasonable and necessary
maintenance, winter freezing, operation not in accordance with the “WAVE” Owner’s Manual, failure to follow all safety instructions or
precautions, improper valve locations, excessive pressure, repairs made or attempted by anybody other than SGS or one of its authorized
representatives, or Acts of God. The determination of the cause of any failure shall be made solely by SGS.
7.
This limited warranty shall be void if Customer modifies the Unit in any respect including, but not limited to the use of parts other
than genuine Wave parts.
8.
SGS / Wave’ representative will repair or replace, at its option, a Unit or part proved to be defective within the warranty periods and
under the conditions of this limited warranty. This limited warranty is void if the Control Center has been tampered with (there are no user
serviceable parts inside). The Customer must arrange prepaid shipping for servicing of the warranted items or under Wave SGS’ instruction after
proper authorization (call 1-866-972-SALT). No packages will be accepted without a SGS / Wave issued Returned Merchandise Authorization
(RMA).
9.
SGS is not responsible for (i) the removal of the Unit, (ii) damages due to such removal, (iii) any other expenses incurred in
transporting the Unit (or parts of the Unit) to or from an authorized SGS service center, nor (iv) the reinstallation of the repaired or replacement
Unit or parts at Customer’s location. All such costs shall be the sole responsibility of the Customer.
10.
In no event shall SGS be liable for incidental or consequential damages of any nature or kind from damages to persons or
property, including any damage resulting from the use of the “WAVE” system with a substandard or improperly installed pool circulation system.
11.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND ALL SUCH OTHER WARRANTIES ARE DISCLAIMED EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT OF ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
IMPOSED BY STATE CONSUMER LAW WHICH MAY NOT BE WIAVED UNDER THE TERMS OF AN EXPRESS LIMITED WARRANTY. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT
PERMITTED BY LAW, ANY SUCH IMPLIED WARRANTY IMPOSED BY STATE CONSUMER LAW SHALL BE LIMITED IN DURATION TO ONE (1) YEAR FROM DATE OF
PURCHASE.
12.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, prohibit the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages, or impose limitations on the scope of implied or express warranties (and the waivers therein) that may be inconsistent
with the express limitations set forth in this warranty. In such states, the above limitations may not apply to you, or their application to you may
be limited. This limited warranty shall be enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by applicable federal, state and local law. This limited
warranty is valid only in the United States of America and Canada, and does not apply to SGS WAVE systems sold or installed in any other
country.
2
Table of Contents
Wave Series Residential Warranty
2
Table of Contents
3
Safety Instructions and Precautions
4
System Sizing
6
How the Wave Chlorinator Works
7
Water Preperations and Tips on Water Chemistry
7
Salt: When and How to Add It
9
Salt Convertion Table
10
Chlorinator Installation
11
Installation Preperation
12
Installation Procedures
13
Start-up Procedures
14
System Operation
15
System Maintenance
17
Troubleshooting
19
Complete Parts List
22
3
Safety Instructions & Precautions
Congratulations on your purchase of a Wave Saltwater Chlorinator. You have made a
wise decision and will benefit from your chlorinator for many years to come. Please
take a moment to read through the entire manual before installing your new unit.
Your chlorinator must be installed and operated as specified.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. READ AND FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS.
2. WARNING – To reduce the risk of injury, do not permit children to use this product unless they are closely supervised at all
times.
3. WARNING – Risk of Electric Shock. Connect only to a grounding type receptacle protected by a ground-fault circuit-interrupter
(GFCI). Contact a qualified electrician if you cannot verify the
receptacle is protected by a GFCI
4. Do not bury cord. Locate cord to minimize abuse from lawn
mowers, hedge trimmers, and other equipment.
5. WARNING – To reduce the risk of electric shock, replace damaged cord immediately.
6. WARNING – To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not use extension cord to connect unit to electric supply; provide a properly
located outlet.
7. [For swimming pool pumps with or without a maximum 3-foot
(0.91-m) cord] CAUTION – This [chlorinator] is for use with permanently installed pools and may also be used with hot tubs and
spas if so marked. Do not use with storable pools. A permanently-installed pool is constructed in or on the ground or in a building
such that it cannot be readily disassembled for storage and reassembled to its original integrity.
8. CAUTION- This product can form hazardous gas if not installed
or operated correctly.
4
Safety Instructions & Precautions
Continued
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
ELECTRICAL HAZARD
• All Wave systems are shipped from the factory wired for 220 Volts.
• To reduce risk of electrical shock make sure all power to pool equipment area is off prior
to any installation or removal of Wave System components.
• Immediately replace damaged Control Center cord.
• Do not bury cord. Locate cord to minimize abuse from lawn mowers, hedge trimmers
and other equipment.
• Severe shock or injury will likely occur as a result of drill or drill cord coming in contact
with water. Never allow electric drill or cord to come in contact with water. Only plug
drill into a Class A (5 Millampere Trip) protected Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
(GFCI) in accordance with the National Electrical Code Section 680 (USA ONLY). Please
see your drill owner’s manual for further safety precautions.
• Install the Control Center at least 10 feet from the inside walls of a pool to prevent any
possibility of the unit coming in contact with water.
• The Wave Chlorinator has been designed with an internal electronic flow sensing tab.
This device automatically switches the power to the electrolytic cell “OFF” when the water
through the cell stops. To prevent cell damage and/or personal injury, do not in any way
interfere with this system which has been designed for your protection.
CHEMICAL USE HAZARD
• To avoid personal injury when working with pool chemicals, always wear rubber gloves
and eye protection, and work in a well-ventilated area. Use caution when choosing a
location to open and use chemicals as they may damage any surface to which they come
in contact.
• The addition of certain chemicals can reduce the effectiveness of chlorine. Always make
sure that proper residual chlorine levels are maintained to avoid personal injury.
• This product produces chlorine. Individuals with any type of chlorine sensitivity should
take the appropriate precautions to avoid injury or illness.
Important Notice: Attention Installer: This manual contains important information
about the installation, operation and safe use of this product. Before installing this
product, read and follow all warning notices and instructions which are included. This
information should be given to the owner and/or operator of this equipment.
WARNING: IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS PERTAINING TO RISK OF
FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO PERSONS. READ AND FOLLOW ALL
INSTRUCTIONS. Failure to follow safety warnings and instructions can result in severe
injury, death, or property damage. Call 1-866-972-7258 or go to www.sgshclorinators.
com for additional free copies of these instructions.
5
System Sizing
Wave 15
Produces up to .78 pounds of Free Chlorine per day to
maintain residential pools up to 20,000 gallons*.
Wave 30
Produces up to 1.35 pounds of Free Chlorine per day
to maintain residential pools up to 40,000 gallons*.
* Correct sizing of a chlorine generator is subject to the specifications
of each body of water, and should be carefully evaluated for best results.
Where heightened chlorine demand exists due to warmer climates, humidity, high bather load, water features and other environmental factors, the
maximum pool size should be reduced by at least 30%.
6
How the Wave Chlorinator Works
Common salt (sodium chloride) is made up of two elements, sodium and chloride.
When the Wave is installed, a measured quantity of salt is dissolved in the pool water
to create a mild saline solution. As part of the daily filtration cycle, the pool water
is passed through the Wave electrolytic cell to produce chlorine, which is instantly
dissolved into the water. The chlorine generator also produces ozone and hydrogen in
the cell as by-products.
In simple, non-technical terms, the chlorine instantly starts to destroy bacteria, viruses and algae, after doing this it reverts back into dissolved salt. This cycle continues
as new chlorine is produced from the salt water in the electrolytic cell, sanitizing the
pool and changing once more back into dissolved salt. Every day, when the Wave system and the filtration system are switched on, dust and debris are trapped by the filter
and the Wave sanitizes the water to make it safe and sparkling clean.
Water Preparation & Tips on Water Chemistry
Pool water that is not maintained properly will cause damage to the electrolytic cell
and possibly void the warranty of the cell. Properly balancing pool water chemistry is
the most important aspect of maintaining a swimming pool. Pool water must be tested regularly in order to properly maintain its chemical balance. In accordance with
The Association of Pool and Spas Professionals (APSP) standards, we recommend the
following water balance conditions be maintained on an ongoing basis to protect the
pool finish and equipment, and ensure a pleasing appearance of the water. The Wave
system is warranted to operate properly only if these conditions are met.
Free Chlorine
1.0 - 3.0 PPM
Chlorine levels above 3.0 may cause corrosion
of pool metals
pH
7.2 - 7.6
High pH reduces sanitizer efficiency
Total Alkalinity
80 - 100 PPM
The harder the water, the lower TA should be
Cyanuric Acid (CYA)
20 - 30 PPM
Chlorine Stabalizer
Minimizes destruction of chlorine residual
by sunligh
Calcium Hardness
200 - 400 PPM Excess Calcium may require you to drain your
pool and add water
Metals, Phosphates & NitratesNone
Salt Residual
Depletes chlorine in your pool
3,000 - 4,000 PPM
7
Water Preparation & Tips on Water Chemistry
Continued
How to adjust pH
A pH range of 7.2 – 7.6 is ideal for maximum comfort and minimum chlorine demand. Always adjust
total alkalinity before adjusting pH. Low pH (acidic water) leads to stinging eyes and corrosion of open
metal fittings. If the pH is below 7.0 AND the Total Alkalinity is below 80 ppm, use Soda Ash to adjust.
First, test for metals. Consult your pool professional regarding which chemical is best for your situation and the proper amount to use. Check the pH after 4 hours of circulation, adjusting as necessary to
achieve the proper range.
High pH (alkaline water) leads to clouding of the water and reduces the effectiveness and amount of
active chlorine. This means algae and germs can grow. Lower the pH by adding muriatic acid to the pool
water. The acid demand indicated by your 4-in-1 test kit will show the amount of acid to use. If your pH
remains inconsistent, check your total alkalinity.
Total alkalinity affects pH
Total Alkalinity (TA) is the measure of bicarbonates, carbonates, hydroxides and other alkaline substances found in pool water. Alkalinity is defined as the ability of the water to resist changes in pH; also
known as the buffering capacity of the water, Alkalinity keeps the pH from “bouncing” all over the place.
TA is often confused with pH, which it affects. If TA is too low, the pH will be difficult to maintain and
may cause staining of pool surfaces. Total alkalinity should be in the range of 80 – 100 PPM.
To raise total alkalinity, it is necessary to add pH buffer (sodium bicarbonate) at the rate shown in the
manufacturer’s instructions to reach the 80 – 100 PPM range. 1.5 lbs. of sodium bicarbonate raises
10,000 gallons of pool water by 10 PPM.
To lower the total alkalinity, use muriatic acid. The acid demand chart in your 4-in-1 test kit will indicate
the necessary amount to add. Adjust as needed until the reading (taken at least 24 hours later) is in the
80 – 100 PPM range. When TA is correct, you may need to adjust pH. Low TA levels (below 80 PPM)
will cause pool water to become acidic. Corrosion of the electrolytic cell caused by low TA levels will not
be covered under the three year limited warranty.
Use Chlorine Stabilizer to Protect Chlorine Residual
Chlorine stabilizer, also known as conditioner, acts as a sun-screen for chlorine on outdoor pools and
minimizes it from being destroyed too quickly by the Sun’s ultra-violet rays; it helps the chlorine last
longer and reduces consumption. Chlorine stabilizer should be added according the manufacturer’s
instructions to achieve a level of 20-30 PPM, depending on the geographical climate. It is crucial to stay
within this range, as high conditioner levels can lead to algae growth and other problems. The only way
to reduce the concentration of conditioner is to (partially) drain the pool water and then refill the pool to
bring the level to the recommended 20-30 PPM.
Salt Requirements
The Wave is engineered to operate in a broad salt range with a minimum of 3,000 PPM; a salt residual of
3,000 to 4,000 PPM is recommended at all times for peak efficiency and best results. The Wave can also
handle special application salt levels of up to 35,000 PPM without any adverse effects to the unit. NOTE:
HIGH salt level above 8,000 PPM may cause corrosion problems with metallic fixtures, light rings, ladders and handrails.
We recommend the use of a pool salt, which can be purchased at pool stores and most hardware outlets.
Granular salt, table salt, solar salt or water conditioner pellets can also be used but will have different
dissolve rates; the salt you use should contain a minimum purity of 99% Sodium Chloride. Do not use
salt that contains iodine or anti-caking agents like YPS, which can cause some discoloration of fittings
and pool surface finishes. NOTE: Do not use rock salt due to its high levels of impurities.
8
Salt: When & How to Add It
AT START UP -- Determine the salinity level of the water before adding any salt with a salinity test
meter, salt test strips or through a water testing facility. You should be aware that previous use of sodium
hypochlorite (liquid chlorine) creates residual salt within the pool. Salt should then be added to the pool
(see below for How To Add Salt) to bring the salinity level to the optimal range of 3,000 to 4,000 PPM -table 1 on page 11 is a reference chart for the amount of salt needed to get to the recommended level.
SYSTEM MAINTENANCE – Salinity level should be checked monthly. The salt level should never be allowed to fall below 3,000 PPM, as this will cause damage to the electrolytic cell. Salinity level is lowered
through dilution (adding fresh water or rainfall), water splashed out of the pool and/or backwashing the
filter. Salt is not lost through evaporation. If the salinity level drops below the recommended salinity
range, use Table 1 on Page 11 to determine the amount of salt that has to be added to obtain the proper
salinity level.
NOTE: The Wave chlorinator will automatically go into service mode (light #3 will illuminate, as shown
on illustration 5 on page 17) when one of the following conditions exist: cold water (under 600), low
salt (under 2,000 PPM) and a dirty cell (see illustration 5 on page 17 and Troubleshooting section for
instructions on what to do when the system goes into service mode).
We recommend using pool salt, which can be purchased at pool and hardware stores. Avoid using salt
with iodine or anti-caking agents like YPS, which can cause some discoloration of fittings and pool surface finishes. Note: Do not use Rock Salt due to its high levels of impurities. Add enough salt to obtain
the proper concentration, per the reference chart on page 11.
CAUTION: Do not operate the Wave with newly poured pool plaster. Check with the pool builder or
remodeler for specifics on their products before you operate the Wave chlorinator.
IMPORTANT: Other pool equipment may be damaged if the salt level is kept above 8,000 PPM. Refer
to the pool equipment manufacturer’s operation manual for product specifications and warranty exclusions.
How to Add Salt to the Pool
1. Determine salt level as discussed above. Use Table 1 (on the next page) to calculate the amount
of salt needed.
2. Power on the pump to circulate the pool water.
3. Slowly pour in the salt around the outer perimeter of the pool for quick and even distribution. To
avoid clogging the filter or damaging the Control Center and pump, do not add salt through the
skimmer or surge tank.
4. Brush the pool bottom to distribute the salt evenly and allow water to circulate for 24 hours to
dissolve completely. After 24 hours, confirm salt level reading.
5. Power on the Wave system and set output percentage to desired Sanitizer Output level (see Basic
Operation Section on page 18)
9
Salt Conversion Table
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
34000
1113
1076
1020
964
907
850
793
737
680
523
567
510
453
397
340
283
227
170
113
57
ok
Table 1 Approximate Pounds of Salt required for 4,000 PPM in Pool
Pool Size (Gallons)
8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 22000 24000 26000 28000 30000 32000
266 334
400
466
533
600
637
733
800
867
933 1000 1067
253 315
380
443
507
570
633
697
760
823
887
950 1013
240 300
360
420
480
540
600
660
720
780
840
900
960
227 283
340
397
453
510
567
623
680
737
793
850
907
213 266
320
374
427
480
533
587
640
693
747
800
853
200 250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
185 232
280
328
373
420
467
513
560
607
653
700
747
171 215
260
305
347
390
433
477
520
563
607
650
693
160 198
240
282
320
360
400
440
480
520
560
600
640
147 182
220
258
293
330
367
403
440
477
513
550
587
133 166
200
234
267
300
333
367
400
433
467
500
533
120 150
180
210
240
270
300
330
360
390
420
450
480
107 132
160
188
213
240
267
293
320
347
373
400
427
93
116
140
164
187
210
233
257
280
303
327
350
373
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
80
100
67
84
100
116
133
150
167
183
200
217
233
250
267
53
68
80
93
107
120
133
147
160
173
187
200
213
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
27
33
40
46
53
60
66
73
80
86
93
100
106
13
16
20
23
26
30
33
36
40
43
47
50
53
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
36000
1200
1140
1080
1020
960
900
840
780
720
660
600
540
480
420
360
300
240
180
120
60
ok
38000
1267
1203
1140
1077
1013
950
887
823
760
697
633
570
507
443
380
317
253
190
127
63
ok
40000
1335
1267
1200
1135
1067
1000
933
867
800
733
667
600
533
466
400
333
266
200
133
67
ok
10
Chlorinator Installation
The Wave Chlorinator must be installed by a qualified pool professional or certified electrician. If you
have any questions or need assistance in finding a qualified installer, please contact our tech support
hotline at 1-866-972-SALT (7258) or (480) 385-3052, Monday through Friday, from 7:00 AM to 3:00 PM
Arizona time, or via E-Mail at: services@sgschlorinators.com.
Your Wave Chlorinator includes the following:
1 Control Center
1 Cell Housing
1 O-Ring
1 Jumper Wire
1 Electrolytic Cell with cord, and Cap
1 Mounting Bracket
1 Cleaning Stick –Acid Replacement Device
1 Owner’s Manual
1 Wiring Conversion Literature (LOCATED ON BOX)
The following tools will be required to install the Wave system:
-Screwdriver
-Level
-
Hacksaw / or PVC cutter
-
Wire Stripping Tool
-
Electric Drill
-
8AWG Copper Bonding Wire
INSTALLING THE CONTROL CENTER WARNING! When using electrical products, basic precautions should always be followed: be sure to read and follow safety instructions on pages 4 though 6.
DANGER: Risk of electric shock, which can result in serious injury or death. Before attempting installation or service, make sure that all power to the circuit supplying power to the system is disconnected /
turned off at the circuit breaker. Connect only to a circuit protected by a ground fault circuit-interrupter
(GFCI).
11
Installation Preparation
The Wave system cell MUST be installed horizontally, with the ports down, as the last piece of pool
equipment in line, on the return to the pool, after the heater. (See illustration 1 on next page) The design
of the cell forms a natural gas trap. Even though the Wave system has an internal flow sensor, this installation provides a secondary safety feature to prevent gas build-up within the system. Note: The inlet is
labeled on the cell housing with an arrow pointing up. The cell housing should be located 6 inches above
the height of plumbing: in the event there is no heater, the cell should be located above the height of the
filter inlet and outlets. Any standard PVC cement may be used. Always use PVC cleaner to prep all glue
joints. Allow adequate drying time before turning on the pump. All of the fittings are 2 inch PVC, and if
necessary can be reduced to 1½ inch PVC. The cell has a 10 foot power cord, and cannot be modified; use
precaution to place the cell housing within reach of the Wave Control Center.
The Wave Control Center is shipped wired for 220V. The control center can be converted to 120V in
the field by a pool professional or certified electrician; a wiring diagram for making the conversion in
included with each Wave system. Questions on this process should be directed to SGS tech support at
1-866-972-7258; operating hours for speaking to a technician at the factory are 7:00 AM to 3:00 PM
Arizona time, Monday through Friday.
The Wave system is designed to power on ONLY when the primary pump is operating and should be
wired to the load side of the time clock. It must be grounded with an 8AWG bonding wire from the lug
(see illustration #2 on page 15 ) on the bottom of the Control Center to a grounding rod (this is necessary to protect the integrity of the electronic systems). Note: Wave systems are not recommended to be
installed on pools using a stainless steel liner or stainless steel plumbing.
12
Installation Procedures
Electrolytic Cell
1. Locate pool return line after the heater or filter as shown in illustration # 1 above. This is the preferred
location for the cell housing, but must be located above the highest point of plumbing.
2. Determine height necessary to bring cell above both the heater and the filter inlets and outlets.
3. Cut and glue the risers from the main plumbing into place. Install the cell housing to the top of the
risers, making sure the cell housing is installed level.
4. Install the O-ring into the receiving channel inside the cell housing, and then slide the cell into the
cell housing making sure the key way on the black plastic base aligns with the matching key in the cell
housing (with the water sensor tab in the 12:00 position).
5. Put the main cap into place and hand tighten only; be sure not to strip the threads.
Illustration 2
Wave Control Center -- The Control Center can be mounted on a wall or posts.
1. Using the end of the cell cord as a guide, locate a suitable location for the mounting of the Control
Center. The Control Center must be mounted on a noncombustible surface.
2. The wall mounting bracket should be fastened to the wall at a height comfortable for operation. Screws
or anchors are not included. Make sure that the bracket is fastened directly onto concrete with the
proper anchoring device or into a stud in a noncombustible wall surface. Mount the bracket by
installing the one screw, and then leveling the bracket, and installing the other screw, making sure that
the mounting bracket is level and horizontal.
3. If mounting the Control Center on a post, it must be centered on a flat panel of waterproof and non
combustible material at least 10” x 20”. Do not enclose the Control Center in any box.
4. The Wave Control Center has two mounting bolts installed at the top back of the unit: simply place
the head of the pins in the keyhole slots on the wall bracket, and allow the unit to hang freely. Your
Wave Control Center is now mounted.
5. Connect 8AWG bonding wire (not included) between the grounding rod and the grounding lug
(located to the left of power cord in illustration 2 above) on the bottom of the Control Center. The
warranty will be voided if the bonding is not correctly done.
13
Installation Procedures
Continued
Connecting the cell cord to the Control Center
Align the three pins of the cell cord plug with the socket on the Control Center bottom (Part A in illustration 2 shown above) and insert the connector until it clicks in place. There are clips located on either
side of the plug on the Control Center -- make sure they are locked into the cell half of the plug.
Resettable Circuit breaker
A six amp resettable circuit breaker is located on the bottom right of the control panel (Illustration #2 on
page 15). In the event that the circuit breaker trips, push on the rubber cover and you will feel it click as
it resets.
Special Situations
Flooded Plumbing Installation -- This exists when the water level of the pool is above the height of the
pool equipment. Some pool systems may have valves that will isolate the equipment. If not, one ball
valve should be installed on the inlet side of the cell and a one-way check valve should be installed on
the outlet side of the cell. This will eliminate the possibility of having a gas build-up (which could cause
possible cell damage) and allow the cell to be removed for cleaning when necessary.
Start-up Procedures
1. Balance your water chemistry according to the Water Chemistry Parameters shown on page 8. Add
the proper amount of salt and circulate 24 hours before starting the Wave Chlorinator.
2. Start system at the 75% sanitizer output level and operate normally. For the first two weeks, test the
water every 2-3 days for proper chlorine residual levels. Raise or lower the sanitizer output by pressing
the output control arrows as needed (see operation instructions on next page), according to your test
results.
3. If sanitizer output percentage setting is 100%, and chlorine residuals are still below the 1-3 PPM range,
increase the output to BOOST, the system will run in this mode for 72 hours, and automatically
return the system to 100% after the 72 hours has expired. The rule of thumb for daily run time of the
Wave system is 1 hour of operation for every 10 degrees of ambient temperature (i.e. 90 degrees would
equal 9 hours of run time).
4. Once your Sanitizer output percentage setting has been established, you should only need to adjust the
output level because of higher chlorine needs than normal, like increased bather usage or heavy
rainfall (that can accelerate consumption of chlorine.
14
System Operation
Easy Operation
The Wave chlorinator is designed to make sanitizing your pool very easy with minimal maintenance. The
Wave system will reduce the need to add chlorine and decrease spikes in your chlorine readings, giving
you the ability to relax and enjoy crystal clear pool water. The system begins to operate at its full potential
immediately. The reversing polarity feature aids in increasing the life of the electrolytic cell and minimizing the maintenance of calcium bridging between the cell blades. The SGS clear cell housing makes the
monitoring of chlorine production and scale build up easy and visually accessible.
Control Center Functions
1
2
3
4
5
6
Sanitizer Output Lights shows level of chlorine output as a percentage of system capacity
Polarity + /- indicates direction of current; reverses every 6 hrs. of operation automatically
Systems Operations Status solid light indicates the system is operating correctly
Systems Operations Service if lit indicates a system warning; see Troubleshooting section
Output Control Up or Down press once to increase or decrease system output to next or previous level
On / Off Switch controls main power to system
Illustration 5
1
5
3 4
2
on
6
15
off
System Operation
Continued
Basic Operation
Engage Power switch (#6 on Illustration 5 shown above) by pressing to “On” position. As the system
boots up, the lights will flash for about ten seconds. The System Status light (#3) will then remain solid;
the Sanitizer Output lights (# 1) will display the selected chlorine output level. One of the Polarity lights
(# 2) will also illuminate, indicating the direction of current. Every six hours of system operation the
polarity will change automatically, which prolongs the life of the cell and minimizes build up between the
cell blades. If the power is interrupted (either by the pump turning off or by putting the Power switch into
the off position), the system will automatically reset to the setting when last powered on.
Once the system is in normal operation mode, you can adjust output by pressing button #5 (Up) to
increase or #5 (Down) to decrease output one increment. Each adjustment will be accompanied by
illumination of the light above the arrow, which indicates activation of the control system; you will then
see the associated change in the Sanitizer Output level. TIP: Check chlorine level on a regular basis
and adjust output of the Wave chlorinator accordingly. Make sure that all pool chemicals are within
balance.
Provided the Wave chlorinator is sized properly, the unit will supply a sufficient amount of chlorine to
sanitize pool water on a daily basis. If operated 24 hours a day in BOOST, more chlorine would be generated than would be needed by most pools (1-3 PPM). The BOOST MODE (with the red BOOST light
illuminated) will automatically operate for 72 hours of run time, and then reduce to the 100% level. The
BOOST MODE should be used to offset “out of the ordinary” conditions: unusual weather or extremely high bather load. Unlike other chlorinators, the “Wave” is able to produce chlorine at all settings on
the Sanitizer Output scale for its entire run time. Adjusting the Output control from 75% down to 50%
means that your unit is producing 50% of its capacity, for the entire run of the system. This has a positive
impact on cell longevity, as well as the amount of chlorine being produced by your system.
CAUTION: Before operating the Wave Chlorinator for the first time, refer to “Safety Instructions &
Precautions” (pages 4-6) and “Pool Water Preparation” (page 8-11). Do not run the system until it is
certain that salt has been dissolved in the pool. Operating without adequate salt will result in damage to
the electrolytic cell and will void your warranty.
The Association of Pool and Spa Professionals (APSP) recommends that all water in a residential pool
pass through the filtration system at least once every 12 hours (referred to as pool water turnover). As
discussed in “Startup Procedures” (page 16), the general rule of thumb for the “Wave” Chlorinator is to
operate the system 1 hour for every 10oF ambient air temperature. It may take a few days to achieve the
correct amount of pool pump operating time (run time). Results depend on many variables and can vary
from one pool installation to the next, so this should be discussed with either the pool builder or your
pool professional.
The key points are:
• Operate the pool pump at least 1 hour for every 10 degrees of ambient air temperature.
• Be sure to follow the guide line set forth by The Association of Pool and Spas Professionals for water
chemistry
• The pool pump timer can reduce energy consumption; make sure to consult your local electrical
company for off peak operating times and program your timer within their guide lines
16
System Operation
Continued
Cold weather operation: in cold water conditions (below 60oF), sanitizer demand is reduced significantly. The Wave chlorinator will reduce its rate of production with water temperatures of 59 degrees
Fahrenheit and below depending on the condition of the pool water chemistry. If the water temperature
drops too low for the electrolytic cell to produce chlorine, the service light on the control center will light
up and the cell will stop producing. This occurrence is due to the water not being conductive enough for
the electrolytic process to take place. For colder climate regions with sustained low or freezing temperatures, it is recommended that your pool equipment be properly drained and winterized by a qualified
pool professional.
System Maintenance
Cell Maintenance -- How and When to Clean Your Cell
Although the Wave is a low maintenance reversing polarity system, occasional manual cleaning of the
low maintenance Electrolytic cell will be required to remove scale and calcium build up. How often this
cleaning is needed depends on the chemistry of the pool water, including the hardness of the water and
how you balance your pool water chemistry, among other things. Although cleaning once every one
to three months is fairly normal, periodic inspections of the Electrolytic cell through the clear housing
(while the system is operating) is the best way to determine if the cell needs cleaning.
When to clean the cell is easily determined by a simple visual inspection of the cell while the Wave system is operating. Carefully looking through the cell housing, check for buildup (which is easily seen) on
the electrodes and the legs that attach the electrodes to the cell base (illustration 4 on page 20). If there is
no buildup, there is no need to clean the cell. If there is buildup, ALWAYS TURN OFF THE PUMP PRIOR TO CLEANING THE CELL. THE PUMP AND FILTER SYSTEM IS OPERATED UNDER PRESSURE, AND THE PRESSURE MUST BE RELIEVED BEFORE YOU WILL BE ABLE TO REMOVE THE
CELL FROM THE CELL HOUSING.
HOW TO CLEAN THE CELL
1. Remove the cell cap (the large black cap at the end of the clear cell housing) by turning it counter
clock-wise.
2. Gently pull the cell electrodes out of the housing, being careful not to damage the O-Ring.
3. Once the cell is removed from the housing, slide the cleaning stick (the WAVE Cleaning Device)
between the blades to remove any calcium buildup (see Illustration 3 on page 20). Make sure to clean
the legs of the electrodes as well (see illustration 4 on page 20). NOTE: THERE IS NO NEED TO
USE ACID FOR THIS PROCESS AS IT REDUCES THE LIFE OF THE ELECTRODES.
4. Take the O-Ring out of the cell housing, and remove material or debris from it. Once you have cleaned
the O-Ring, use a towel or Q-TIP to wipe out the channel in the cell housing that the O-Ring seats
into.
5. Return the O-Ring to its channel in the cell housing (DO NOT USE LUBRICANT).
6. Install the electrodes into the cell housing, making sure not to disturb the O-Ring. Seat the tab on the
top of the cell base into the indentation on the cell housing. If this is done correctly, the sensor located
at the electrode base will be facing up in the 12:00 position.
7. Return the black cap to the cell housing and hand tighten in the clockwise direction. Be careful not to
over tighten.
8. Re-start your pump; any loosened calcium will probably be brushed off with the water flow.
17
System Maintenance
Continued
Maintenance Parameters
Weekly Service
Chlorine Test: Test pool water chlorine level with a reliable test kit. Maintain ideal range by adjusting
Wave Sanitizer Output level (see Basic Operation on page 18). Note: Chlorine residual above 5.0 PPM
may cause corrosion of pool metals and possible damage to associated pool equipment. It is recommended that chlorine test samples be taken from two places, one at the pool return line, the other well
away from the pool return line. Compare the samples. A higher level of chlorine should be found at the
pool return line, which confirms that the “Wave” system is producing chlorine.
pH Level Test: Test the pH level of your pool with a test kit. If necessary, adjust according to your pool
professional’s recommendations. A pH level of 7.2 - 7.6 is recommended. Note: Never use dry acid to
adjust pH in arid geographic areas with excessive evaporation and minimal dilution of pool water with
fresh water. A build-up of byproducts can damage the electrolytic cell.
Monthly Service
To ensure that the correct chemical balance is maintained in your pool, it is important to perform the
following recommended pool water test every month. Take a water sample from your pool to a local
pool store or your pool professional for testing.
1. Salt Level Test: Make sure salt level is within acceptable range (3,000-4,000 PPM). If salt level is low,
see table 1 on page 11 for the amount of salt to add
2. Total Alkalinity Test: Adjust according to your pool professional’s recommendations. 80-100 PPM
APSP Standard
3. Stabilizer (Cyanuric Acid): Maintain ideal range of 20-30 PPM. Follow your pool professional’s
recommendations.
4. Calcium Hardness: If necessary, adjust according to your pool professional’s recommendations. APSP
standard of 200-400 PPM is recommended.
5. Metals Test: It is recommended that the pool water be tested periodically for the presence of metals
such as copper, iron, and manganese. These metals should not be present in the pool water. If those
metals are present, contact your pool professional immediately.
18
System Maintenance
Continued
CHLORINE: During peak sanitizer demand (heavy rain, high bather usage, and/or high heat) it may
be necessary to increase the sanitizer level by increasing your sanitizer output setting and/or pump
runtime. Conversely, with low sanitizer demand, you can decrease the output level to a lower setting. For
extremely heavy sanitizer demand or to increase your sanitizer levels, you can run the system at 100% or
supplement with a Potassium Monopersulfate based shock. CAUTION: Excessive chlorine levels can
cause premature cell failure and corrosion damage to other metallic pool equipment. Avoid over saturation of chlorine levels.
pH: When your pH falls below the accepted range, your sanitizer is used up very quickly and can be
damaging to your equipment. For pH levels higher than the accepted range, your sanitizer becomes
much less effective and will work harder to keep your pool sanitized.
CALCIUM HARDNESS AND TOTAL ALKALINITY: The Wave provides 100% pure sodium hypochlorite and does not affect the calcium hardness or total alkalinity levels. Maintain and balance only as
needed.
CYANURIC ACID (STABILIZER/CONDITIONER): This chemical (CYA or Cyanuric Acid) allows
your chlorine residual to last longer by protecting it from the UV degradation of the sun. With low or no
CYA it is possible for the chlorine being produced to be used up as fast as it enters the pool. High CYA
levels will also negatively impact maintaining the chlorine residual in your pool. Check and maintain
your CYA at the same time as your salt level, as these tend to deplete at the same rate (if you have to add
CYA, contact your pool professional for correct amount). NOTE: For indoor pools, it is not necessary to
add stabilizer.
SALT RESIDUAL: The Wave Series works most efficiently with salt levels between 3, 000 – 4,000 PPM.
In a low salt condition, the Status light will begin blinking and the service light will also come on solid
(see illustration #5 on page 17). REFER TO TROUBLESHOOTING BELOW.
19
Troubleshooting
Low or no chlorine residual in pool
Low stabilizer (Cyanuric acid level in Add stabilizer to maintain 20-30 PPM
pool water)
per pool professional’s
recommendations
Insufficient run time
Increase the daily run time. Recommend 1 hour of run time per 10
degrees ambient temp.
Chlorine Output percentage set too
low
Increase the Sanitizer Output level (see
page 15)
Recent increases in weather tempera- Increase the Sanitizer Output level (see
ture without increasing the Sanitizer page 15)
Output of the system
Temporary loss of chlorine due to
heavy rain, leaves, fertilizer or heavy
bather load, recent party, or pets using
pool. Loss of salt due to rain or added
water
Set Sanitizer Output to BOOST (Super
Chlorinate) for 72 hours. Recheck - if
still too low, super chlorinate with outside source. (Take pool water sample
to pool professional) add salt.
Low or no chlorine
Low salt level (less than 3,000 PPM). Increase salt level by adding salt acSystem Status light is flashing / service cording to chart on page 10
light is yellow / solid
High Phosphates / Metals
High nitrate level. Metals present in
pool water
Contact Pool Professional
Phosphates in pool water
Use phosphate remover as instructed
or contact Pool Professional
New pool water, or not shocked prop- Super-Chlorinate pool with outside
source.
erly upon startup
Clogged or dirty cell
Status light is flashing and service light Pool water needs salt
is on
Remove cell from housing to clean (see
“Cell Maintenance,” page 16)
Test salt level of water. Add salt (page
10) if necessary
Cell is clogged or dirty
Check and clean cell (pp 16-17)
Water temperature is low
Check water temp (if below 60 degrees,
turn system off)
Insufficient water flow
Make sure pump is running. Check
and correct all valve alignments
Insufficient water flow - dirty filter
Sensor tab (top of cell) issues
Follow filter cleaning procedures.
Clean ff any calcium on sensor tab.
Make sure there is not an air bubble at
point of sensor tab in cell housing - if
there is, contact your Pool Professional
or our tech hotline: (866) 972-SALT
20
Troubleshooting
Continued
Unable to increase chlorine
production
Cell is plugged with debris, cold water, Check cell and clean, check salt level,
low salt level
check water temperature
System status light solid
Problem with power to Control Center Check to make sure On/Off Switch
is on.
Make sure pump is on.
Check Circuit Breaker (Part C on
Illustration 2, page 13) on bottom of
Control Center; if tripped, press rubber
cover to reset
Status light is flashing or service light No AC power to Control Center
is on while operating on low output
percentage
Verify time clock is providing 200VAC
to Control Center when active (TO BE
DONE BY CErTIFIED POOL PROFESSIONAL, OR ELECTRICIAN)
The system will not turn on
No Solution, everything is fine. Enjoy
your pool.
System is operating normally
Low salt level, dirty cell, damaged cell Set the output to BOOST and then
blade coatings
hold down the upward arrow button
until the polarity lights begin to flash
back and forth. Check to see if status
light has stopped flashing or the service
light has turned off.
Incorrect or no voltage coming from
the power source
Have an experienced pool professional or an electrician confirm that the
foltage is existent and correct.
Circuit breaker may be tripped
Check the circuit breaker located on
the control center box and reset the
breaker as it has been tripped.
Circuit boards may be damaged
Call manufacturer to troubleshoot the
system with a technician.
The cell housing is leaking from the
O-Ring may be improperly seated.
cap (Bottom of cell cap or through the
cord hole)
Water is leaking from the cell plug
Confirm that the O-Ring has not been
lubricated. Clean the O-Ring slot
of any dirt or debris. Fully seat the
O-Ring into the slt before inserting the
cell back into the housing.
Cell cap may be cross threaded
Unscrew cap and confirm that the
cap screws onto the housing without
resistance.
Water is traveling through a crack in
the cell base and up the cell cord
Call manufacturer and troubleshoot
the system with a technician.
The titanium legs that hold up the cell The legs have been eaten away due to
blades have broken apart from the
corrosive water
blades
The weld that held the legs and blades
together has failed
21
Call manufacturer and troubleshoot
the systemw ith a technician.
Call Manufacturer to troubleshoot the
system with a technician.
Parts List
2
1
4
3
8
5
7
10
11
9
14
12
13
15
17
16
22
6
Troubleshooting
Continued
1
PC113-O-Q
Transformer
1
2
PC120-D2-4-7
Secondary Terminal Block
1
3
PC133-D1-10
Primary Terminal Blcok
1
4
PC112-D1-1-11
PC Board Complete Assembly
1
5
UP101-E2-1-6
Plug Assembly
6
6
PC131-D1-7
Grounding Lug
1
7
PC130-D1-10
Strain Relief
1
8
PC114-D2-10
Circuit Breaker
1
9
PC104-C3-2
Control Center Cover
1
10
PC123-D0201
Control Center Label
1
11
PC105-C3-5
On/Off Switch
1
12
CE107-C3-6
O-Ring
1
13
CE112-UVRSP
Cell Housing
1
14
PKG101-D0322/24
Magic Wand
1
15
CE120-UWKSD
Cell Cap
1
16
CE11-C1-1-11
Cell Clips
4
17
BRZ320540/760
Cell Assembly
1
23
Notes
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24
Notes
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25
Notes
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26
WAVE
Record the following information & keep for our records
Installer: ____________________________________
Purchased From: ______________________________
Installation Date: ____________ Serial #: ___________
Model Number: _________ Pool Gallonage: ________
Factory Direct Customer Assistance
Tech Support Hotline: (866) 972-SALT (7258) or (480) 385-3052
Fax: (480) 557-0099
E-Mail to: services@sgschlorinators.com
Register your warranty online: http://sgschlorinators.com/warranty.html
Visit us on the internet: www.sgschlorinators.com
Manufactured by Saline Generating Systems LLC
1436 W. 12th Place Tempe, Arizona 85281
27
wave
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