OWNERS MANUAL - Wood Stoves Turkey

OWNERS MANUAL - Wood Stoves Turkey
For the warmest of welcomes
A comprehensive guide to the installation, assembly, operation
and maintenance for all Villager woodburning stoves
and all Villager Multi-Fuel Stoves
Thank you for buying a Villager
Since 1979 we have specialised in the design
and manufacture of high performance stoves,
and over the years have built an enviable
reputation for the quality, reliability and fuel
efficiency of our products. This has been
achieved through combining the latest
manufacturing technology with traditional
engineering skills and craftsmanship.
Please read through this booklet
carefully before you start
We have tried to make these instructions as
straightforward and comprehensive as possible.
If you are unsure on any aspect of the
installation or operation please seek expert
advice from your qualified heating engineer,
your Villager dealer, or by calling out technical
helpline on 0844 8475107
Even if you have had your stove professionally
installed we recommend that you read all the
sections to familiarise yourself with every
aspect of the stoves installation and operation.
Correctly installed and operated, your Villager
stove will give years of faithful service and
always provide “The Warmest of welcomes”
Please keep this manual for future
Important information
Please read this section before the
installation is started
Pages 3, 4 & 5
Stove installation
Pages 6, to 9
Lighting and maintenance
Please read this section before you light
the stove. It includes information on
safety and maintenance.
Pages 10, to 12
Operating the Stove
Pages 13, to 16
The last word
Pages 17
Villager Fireguard Guarantee
Pages 17
Useful numbers to record
Pages 17
Important Information
where the flue passes though the roof. Special
fittings are available from ships chandlers and
caravan dealers for roof penetration
Please read section carefully before the
installation is started
Under the Health & Safety at Work act 1974 all
installation work must be carried out in such a way
as to ensure that there is not danger to the installer
or to others
The stove and the flue pipe must be securely
fixed in position.
Ventilation must be provided with fixed
permanently open vents
Particular attention should be given to the possibility
of disturbing asbestos in existing installations.
Asbestos should only be removed by a registered
Attention should be given to caustic nature of fire
cement it is advised that protection gloves are worn,
and any fire cement that comes into contact with
skin is washed off thoroughly with water without
delay. Care should be taken not to get fire cement
on the body of the stove.
Store flammable liquids, gas bottles, aerosols
materials, etc, well away from the stove
The stove should never be alight when the
boat /caravan is in motion - the stove must be
cool or cold, with doors securely shut.
The stove should be installed in accordance with:
BS8303: Code of Practice for the installation of
domestic heating and cooking
appliances burning solid mineral fuels
BS6461: Installation of chimneys and flues for
domestic appliances burning solid
fuels including wood and peat
All solid fuel and woodburning stoves must be
installed by a competent person, in compliance with
all National and local Building Regulations and
codes of practice, including European standards
where appropriate. HETAS® maintains a list of
registered solid fuel installers we will be pleased to
supply details if necessary. Many Villager dealers
have their own installers or should be able to
recommend a suitable installer.
An extractor fan must not be fitted in the same room
as the stove as it can stop the chimney from
drawing correctly.
A useful insulating material for such
installations is ceramic fibre board, which can be
sandwiched between a fireproof facing board and the
combustible material - but note that it is not suitable
for use in damp or wet situations. This material is
available in various thicknesses - and has excellent
thermal insulation properties.
The Chimney
The chimney used should be in accordance with:
BS 6461: Installation of chimneys and flues for
domestic appliances burning solid fuel,
including wood and peat. This type of
chimney is often referred to as Class 1.
The chimney should not be less than 4 metres (13ft)
in length, measured vertically from the top of the
stove to the chimney and should terminate at least 1
metre above roof level
Do not include any horizontal runs in rear flue
entry connection to the vertical length of chimney
The chimney and any flue must be at least the
diameter specified for the stove model i.e. 152mm(6”)
for all stoves except the Series 2 and Chelsea Solo/
Duo stoves, which have a flue size of 127mm (5”)
If you are installing a stove in a boat, caravan or
mobile home or other mobile structure, it is very
important to realise the potential fire risks present in
such installations.
Prior to installation, the chimney must be swept and
examined for soundness and suitability. Chimneys
with large cross sectional area may not be suitable
unless an insulated solid fuel liner is fitted. Any faults
must be rectified prior to stove installation. If in doubt
seek expert advice from your Villager dealer/installer.
Prefabricated block chimneys or twin walled stainless
steel flues , manufactured to BS4543 can be used,
but must be installed in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and building regulations.
Your Villager stove is not suitable for connection to a
shared chimney, it will not draw properly.
The stove must not be modified in any way
without our express permission, any
unauthorised modification will invalidate the
The stove must stand on a non combustible
hearth which is suitably insulated from any
combustible materials
The stove must be suitably insulated from
materials around and above the stove.
The stove pipe must be suitably insulated
Flue Damper
We can supply a flue damper kit as an optional extra
to the appliance, which will give additional control
over the flue draught and therefore the burn rate of
the appliance. A damper be beneficial in installations
Where a high flue draught is present and in cases
Slow burning for log periods is envisaged. The
damper kits are available for both 125mm(5”) and
150mm(6”) diameter flues.
It should be noted that in some cases of high flue
draught– it may be necessary to employ additional
means of reducing the flue draught to allow the
stove to burn slowly. Other means such as a
restrictive chimney cowl, or a flue draught stabiliser
may be required in these cases.
Flue connections.
The stove must be connected to the chimney using
the specified size flue pipe for the stove, i.e. 152mm
(6”) for all stoves except the Series 2 and Chelsea
Solo/Duo stoves, which have a flue size of 127mm
(5”). The pipe should be suitably sealed to the stove
and chimney, using flexible non combustible rope
and fire cement.
Fig. 1
Fig. 3
Fig. 2
Fig. 4
When the flue pipe extends into the chimney, voids
must be filled and flaunched, i.e. Sloped inwards
towards the top, to ensure all deposits can be cleared
when the chimney is swept. Access for cleaning the
flue should be provided. This can be achieved with a
cleaning door in the flue pipe, or by a soot door
installed into the chimney that allows easy access to
the flue pipe. A flue should not have more than two
45º bends, except for rear flue applications where a
90º bend may be used. The horizontal run from the
back outlet should not exceed 150mm. Typical
installations are shown in Figs 1 to 4.
Specification for the hearth and the stove
Please refer to the table below for a guideline weight
of each appliance, it is essential that the stove is only
installed on a floor with adequate load bearing
capacity to support the combined weight of the
hearth and stove. If there is any doubt consult an
expert, as it may be necessary to incorporate a load
bearing plate to suitably reinforce the floor and
provide sufficient support
Stove Type
Weight Kg
AH Woodburner
AL Woodburner
A Flat Woodburner
BH Woodburner
BL Woodburner
Flatmate Woodburner
Kitchener Woodburner
Berkley Flat Woodburner
Berkley Low Woodburner
C Flat Woodburner
C Low Woodburner
Chelsea Solo/Duo
Chelsea Solo/Duo with Low Canopy
Chelsea Solo/Duo with High Canopy
Bayswater Flat Multifuel
Bayswater Low Multifuel
Bayswater High Multifuel
Elite Flat Multifuel
Elite Low Multifuel
Elite High Multifuel
The stove should be installed on a solid non combustible hearth, at least 125mm thick, this depth
may include the thickness of any solid noncombustible floor under the hearth. The hearth
should extend 300mm in front of the stove, and
150mm on either side and to the rear. The width of
the hearth can be less provided it extends to suitable
heat resistance or non combustible walls.
A stove with bolt holes in front feet or with angle
brackets bolted to the integral feet should be fixed to
the hearth using suitable bolts (not supplied)
Fire recesses must be constructed from non combustible material. The minimum clearance
between the stove and the recess wall should be
Note: when installing multi-fuel stoves, which have a
riddle mechanism, remember that clearance will be
required on the right hand side of the stove (if the
stove is recessed) in order to operate the riddling
The clearance around the stove to any noncombustible materials should be 75mm either side,
150mm above and 25mm from the rear wall. These
are the ideal recommended measurements,
however if in doubt of the integrity of any of the
surfaces (i.e. Marble, tiles, etc) clad with heat
resistant materials.
The clearance from the flue pipe to any wooden
beam, such as may be found in an inglenook must
be at least 3 times the flue diameter, i.e. If the flue
diameter is 152mm (6”) then the clearance must be
at least 456mm (18”) unless the wood is shielded
with non combustible materials
Minimum clearance to
combustible materials
Stove Type
Nominal heat output rating
BS EN 13240:2001
The following space heating outputs were
determined during the CE type approval testing for
each stove, measured with a flue draught of
12 Pascals. The actual heat output that will be
achieved in each individual installation will vary
according to following variable conditions:
Flue draught present in the chimney
Control settings
Flue load
Calorific value of the fuel being used
A Range Wood burner
B Range/Flatmate/Kitchener
C Range Wood burner
Berkley Range
Chelsea Solo/Duo
Bayswater Range
Elite Range
A Range = 14.5kW
B Range/ Flatmate/Kitchener = 8kW
Berkley Range = 6kW
C Range = 5kW
Chelsea Solo/Duo = Wood / Solid Fuel 5kW
Bayswater Range = Wood 6kW / Solid Fuel 7kW
Elite Range = Wood 9kW / Solid Fuel 8.7kW
Additional Stove Information
No purpose provided ventilation is required for
stoves rated 5kw or less. For each kw above 5kW,
550mm² of fixed ventilation is required - eg. a stove
rated at 8kW will require 3 x 550mm² = 1650mm²
of fixed ventilation.
The vent should ideally be sited close to the stove
to prevent draughts.
Where there is more than one appliance installed in
the same room, the ventilation requirement for each
individual appliance must be added together to give
the total ventilationrequirement for the room.
i.e. If one appliance reqires 550mm² and another
requires 1650mm², a total of 2200mm² of ventilation
must be supplied.
The ventilation may be privided by one or more
vents, care must be taken when siting bthe vents to
avoid draughts and also to prevent accidental
blockage to the air supply.
The fitting of an extractor fan in the same room as
the appliance is not permitted. An extractor fan
installed in an adjacent room may adversely affect
the chimney operation and is not advised.
If you are in any doubt about the ventilation
requirements consult a HETAS® approved solid
fuel engineer
Flue Gas
Temp ºC
Flue gas
Flow g/s
A Range
B Range / Flatmate / Kitchener
Berkley Range
C Range
Chelsea Solo / Duo (Wood)
Chelsea Solo / Duo (Solid Fuel)
Bayswater Range (Wood)
Bayswater Range (Solid Fuel)
Elite Range (Wood)
Elite Range (Solid Fuel)
Stove Type
Stove Installation
Information applicable to all stoves
Woodburning stove
Page 6 & 7
Multi-fuel stoves
Page 8
Fitting the baffle plate
Page 8 & 9
Fitting the log retainer
Page 9
Final adjustment &
Page 9
Having decided on the flue exit position, i.e. top or
rear, the flue collar and the hotplate / blanking plate/s
can be fitted in position.
Apply a layer of fire cement all around the flanges of
the collar and the hotplate / blanking plate/s.
Locate the collar, turn anti-clockwise into the desired
position and allow the fire cement to set, locking the
collar in place.
NOTE: The Wood burning „A‟ Flat must only be flued
from the centre aperture.
Flue connection
Information applicable to all stoves
Unpacking the stove
Take care in unpacking the stove from the
cardboard box and wooden pallet to avoid any
staples that may protrude from the wood. We
suggest you open out the bow to use as a base, this
will avoid possible damage to the floor. Please don't
let children play with the polythene wrapper.
The only tool you should need for assembly is a
13mm spanner, although it may be helpful to have a
light hammer to hand as you will see later.
Stove Assembly
The stove can now be placed in position and the flue
connected to the chimney. All the flue joints must be
sealed with fire cement to form a good seal.
Installing the internal fittings
The fitting of all internal components, including the
brick layout, is shown in the detailed assembly
instructions given for each model. Please note that
the bricks themselves are not numbered - the
numbering shown in each diagram is simply to
indicate the right order for fitting them in position.
The bricks are fitted loose, do not cement them in
position, any small gaps should be allowed to fill with
ash when the stove is used.
All stoves with bolt on legs
Fasten the door/s shut and carefully lay the stove on
its back. The larger stoves are heavy - get some
help if necessary. Gently open the door/s and rest
them back against the hinges. Do not let the door/s
fall back as this could damage both the door/s and
hinges. Fit a leg to each corner by passing the bolt
(provided) down though the stove base and locate it
in the slot cut in each leg. Fasten with the washer
and nut (also provided) using a 13mm spanner.
Carefully close and refasten the door/s and stand
the stove upright.
Woodburning Stoves
Stove Components
‘A’ range, ‘B’ Range, Flatmate, Kitchener,
Typical components
Remove all the contents of the stove, included the
bricks, unpack everything and lay it all out.
Boiler cut-outs
On the rear of the stove there will be 2 or in some
cases 3 part cut holes to enable boiler installation.
If the stove is to be used as a room heater without a
boiler, rub some fire cement into the pre-cut slots on
both sides of the stove to seal them effectively
Fitting the flue collar
PLEASE NOTE: No stoves are supplied with a flue
damper as standard but one can be purchased from
you Villager dealer. To fit a damper, 2 holes need to
be drilled in our existing flue collar, but for the
Chelsea range this needs to be fitted into the flue
Berkley range only
Assembly Instructions for ‘AH’, ‘AL’ and
‘A’ Flat models
„A‟ model stove brick layout
There are 19 bricks to be installed in these models,
17 bricks (4.5” x 9”) and 2 bricks (4” x 6”). Please
place them in the numbered sequence shown in the
illustration. No.s 1 & 2 are placed vertically against the
sides of the stove. No.s 3,4,5,6 & 7 go on the stove
floor pushed to the back with No.s 8 & 10 (4” & 6”) at
front, one at each end with No. 9 in the middle.
Nos. 11 & 12 are placed horizontally on the floor and
13 & 14 are placed on top of them. Finally place the
back bricks Nos. 15 & 16 one at either side. They lock
Nos. 11 & 14 in place. Fill the remaining gap with
3 bricks Nos. 17,18 & 19.
All the back wall bricks can either stand on the stove
floor or on top of the back wall bricks, which ever you
Assembly Instructions for ‘BH’, ‘BL’
Flatmate, Kitchener & Berkley models
There are 12 bricks (4.5” x 9”) to be installed. In all
these models, Nos. 1 & 3 are placed against the stove
sides and slid forwards to be held behind the retaining
lugs. Nos. 5 & 6 are placed next to them also standing
on the floor. The remaining bricks will hold each other
„BH‟ & „BL‟ model stove brick layout
Flatmate brick layout
In the „BH‟ & „BL‟ all the
stove floor bricks, Nos.
2, 7, 8 & 4 are pushed to
the back, with the back
wall bricks Nos. 9, 10,
11, & 12 sitting on top of
In the FLATEMATE Floor bricks Nos.2 & 4
should be pushed to the
back of the stove floor
so that Nos.9 & 12 rest
on top of them, while
Nos. 7 & 8 are pulled to
the front so that Nos.
10 & 11 sit on the stove
floor behind them. The reason for this is so the lugs on
either the flue collar or hotplate (whichever you are
fitting to the rear of the stove) are correctly aligned
when this aspect of the assembly is completed.
In the KITCHENER - All the floor bricks, Nos. 2, 4, 7
& 8 should be placed to the front of the stove so
that the back wall bricks, Nos. 9, 10, 11 & 12 can be
positioned and lifted up behind the retaining
brackets. Now slide the floor bricks to the back of
the stove under the back wall bricks which are now
held securely in
place. You may need
someone to hold the
bricks in place while
you complete the
assembly. When
finished ensure
retaining brackets
Kitchener brick layout
are tightened.
In the BERKLEY there are 12 bricks to be installed.
Nos. 1 & 2 are placed horizontally under the grate
support brackets. Please ensure these bricks are
pushed firmly to the back of the stove. Place Nos. 3
& 4 horizontally on top of the grate support
brackets, making sure they are pushed firmly to the
back of the stove. Nos. 9, 10, 11 &12 are placed
vertically at the back,
sitting on the floor of
The stove Nos. 5, 6, 7
& 8 are placed on the
Floor of the stove
pushed firmly to the
Berkley brick layout
Assembly Instructions for ‘C’ wood
burning models
There are 10 bricks (4.5” x
9”) to be installed. Nos. 1
& 2 are placed against the
stove sides, standing on
the floor and slid forwards
to be behind the retaining
lugs. Nos. 6 & 7 are placed
next to them also standing
„C‟ Wood burner brick layout
on the floor. Nos. 3, 4 & 5
are placed on the stove
floor and pushed to the back, so that Nos. 8, 9 & 10
rest on top of them.
Assembling and Installing the grate for
the Berkley
The grate rests on the
grate support brackets,
make sure the curved
edge faces the front
with the lugs pointing
Woodburning Stoves
Stove Components
Bayswater, Chelsea, Duo/Solo & Elite
the rocker arm is swung into its highest position.
Lower the grate on to the grate bar supports, making
sure all the riddle bars engage with the rocker arm.
This is most important as the riddle will not otherwise
work. To fit the ash pan slid under the grate
Brick Assembly Instructions For
Bayswater, Chelsea Duo/Solo & Elite
In the Bayswater there are 4 bricks to be installed.
Nos. 1 & 2 (4.5” x 9”) are placed horizontally on top
of the grate, one against each side wall. Nos. 3 & 4
(6” x 9”) are placed horizontally at the back of the
stove on top of the grate. Fit these after the grate is in
Bayswater brick layout
Typical Components
These models are supplied with the grate, riddle
mechanism and bricks already in place. Do not
remove them when unpacking the remaining
NOTE 1: Although the grate and bricks are already in
place, we have included assembly instructions so
they can be replaced correctly, should you ever need
to remove any of these components for maintenance
NOTE 2: The leg height adjusting kit should only be
used to balance the stove if the
surface of the hearth is slightly
uneven. Attach one bracket to the
inside of each rear leg of the stove as
shown in the drawing, with the nut on
the inside, and adjust the height until
all four legs sit squarely on the
hearth, the holes in the front of the
Leg height
bracket should be used to bolt the
stove to the hearth.
In the Chelsea Duo/Solo there are 5 bricks to be
installed Nos. 1 & 2 placed horizontally along each
sidewall of the stove after the grate is in place. Nos.
3, 4, & 5 are placed vertically along the back wall
behind the grate and resting on the stove floor.
Chelsea Duo/Solo brick layout
In the Elite there are 5 bricks to be installed. Nos. 1 &
2 (4.5” x 9”) are to be placed first on top of the grate.
Then Nos. 3, 4, & 5 (6” x 9”) go along to the back,
again on top of the grate, making sure the centre
brick is horizontal and the 2 outside bricks are
Assembling and Installing the grate for
the Bayswater, Chelsea Duo/Solo & Elite
Place the grate casting on the floor in front of the
stove, not inside the stove at this stage, with the
cut-outs or overhang
to the rear. Fit the
riddle bars into the
grate casting with the
longer, plain end first,
then move them back
so they are positioned
centrally in the grate.
Now place the grate
assembly into the
stove - making sure
not to disturb the
riddle bars, and that
Elite brick layout
Fitting the Baffle Plate
There are two baffle plate
retaining lugs on each side of
the stove, and one in the middle
The baffle plate should be slid
into position under the flue
outlet, not under the hotplate.
Note: If the flue does not draw as well as you would
like, the baffle plate can be removed.
All Other Models
The steel baffle plate has angle iron welded to one
edge, or a preformed bend. This sits on the rear
bricks, allowing the baffle to lay forward at an angle
of approximately 45º. The top of the baffle rest
against either a central single lug. Welded inside the
top front of the stove, or behind 2 lugs welded one
each side of the top of the stove.
Check components and seals
Make sure all components are
correctly in place, the flue is
secure and all joints are sealed
Check for smoke and/or
Light the stove (see Section 4,
Lighting Procedures - page 13)
And check all joints and seals to
ensure that smoke and fumes are being vented into
the atmosphere through the chimney.
To the installer if they are not the user
Fitting the Log Retainer
All models (except Berkley)
On each side of the stove are guide lugs. Hold the
log retainer vertically above these lugs - pattern side
towards you - and slide it down into the slot between
the lugs and the stove, so that it sits on the base of
the door opening. In wood burning stoves with a
multi-fuel grate conversion, the log retainer is fitted
on top of the grate, where it is retained behind the
lugs cast on the grate.
The log retainer is fitted on top of the grate,
where it is retained behind the lugs cast on
the grate
Final adjustment and commissioning
Check all the slider controls and the
door latch
Make sure they all operate as they should, if
necessary adjust the slider knobs so the sliders
move easily without being too loose. Make sure the
door latch gives a good seal by turning the latch
clockwise to slacken, and anti-clockwise to tighten.
Lock the latch in position with the locknut.
On completion of the installation and commissioning,
explain the installation of the stove and make sure the
user fully understand its operation and their
responsibility for its safe use. Hand over this manual
and the stove operating tool supplied
Important information on use, safety & maintenance
Lighting the stove for the first time
Chimney fires
Important safety information
Do not attempt to relight the fire until the cause
of the fume emission has been identified and
corrected. If in doubt always seek expert
Stove maintenance
Chimney Fires
For your own safety, and in order to obtain the best
performance and economy from your stove, please
read the information in this section before you light
the stove for the first time.
To help you enjoy the full benefits of your Villager
stove for many years to come, we strongly
recommend that you satisfy yourself that all
requirements set out in SECTION 1 have been
completed. Also all installation procedures in
SECTION 2, if appropriate have been properly
completed. Even if you have had the stove professionally installed please do take the time to read
through all relevant sections prior to using the stove
for the first time.
Allow the paint to cure
When the stove is lit for the first time, the paint will
start to cure. During this process the paint surface
may smoke briefly, and a smell given off for an hour
or so. The vapour is harmless and should not be
confused with fume emission, which is dealt with in
the next paragraph, however, it is advisable to keep
the area well ventilated and not use the room until
the vapour disperses, normally only a short time.
Avoid running the stove flat out for the first few days,
to enable the paint to cure fully.
In the unlikely event of fume emission
Properly installed, operated and maintained, this
stove will not emit fumes into the room. Occasionally
Fumes from de-ashing and re-fueling may occur, but
ensuring that the flue damper (where fitted) is fully
open before opening the door/s and opening the
door/s slowly, will minimise this. Persistent fume
emission is potentially dangerous and must not be
tolerated. If fume emission does persist, the
following immediate action must be taken. This also
applies should adverse weather conditions contrive
to produce a downdraught.
Open the room‟s doors and windows to
Let the fire go out or, only if absolutely
necessary eject and safely dispose of the fuel
from the stove using great caution.
When fumes have dispersed and the stove is
cold, check for flue or chimney blockage and
clean if required.
A chimney fire is potentially a risk with any solid fuel
or wood burning appliance. This risk can be avoided
by taking sensible precautions. Chimney fires start as
the result of a build up of deposits in the flue ways,
which then catch fire - often as the result of running
the stove harder than normal. The most important
precaution is to have the chimney swept regularly to
remove the deposits, but also important is the type of
fuel and the way it is burned.
You should avoid resinous timber and unseasoned
wood wherever possible and avoid running the stove
regularly for long periods just „ticking over‟, all of
which tend to cause excessive deposits to form in the
chimney and flue ways.
NEVER run the stove with the ash pit door open
except when the ash pan is being emptied and
always close the it again immediately afterwards.
If the ash pit door is left open excess airflow can allow
the stove to burn dangerously out of control, which
could damage both the stove and the chimney.
Should you have a chimney fire, always call the Fire
Brigade immediately. In minor cases you may be able
to control it by shutting the stove doors and all the air
controls to reduce the oxygen level in the flue and
smother the burning. In serious cases the chimney will
need damping down.
It is essential to have the chimney inspected following
a chimney fire, before attempting further use, as the
chimney and liner (if fitted) may well have been
Important Safety Information
Never touch the stove with your bare
hands when it is hot
All surfaces of the stove, including the door knobs
and air controls, will get very hot when the stove is in
use - always use the stove operating tool provided,
or at the very least wear stout oven gloves.
 Do not place combustible materials in close
proximity to the lit stove.
 Never use aerosol spray near the stove when it is
 Do not attempt to burn any liquid fuel in the stove
 Never fit an extraction fan in the same room as
the stove, it can stop the chimney from drawing
 It is essential that the fire has an adequate air
supply for combustion and ventilation. Ventilation
apertures fitted in walls are provided for this
purpose and must not be restricted (e.g. blocked
up or wall papered over).
The Importance of regular maintenance
Where the chimney is believed to have previously
served an open fire installation, it is possible that the
higher flue gas temperature from a closed appliance
may loosen deposits, previously firmly adhered, with
the consequent risk of flue blockage. It is therefore
recommended that the chimney be swept a second
time within a month of regular use after installation.
Regular sweeping of the chimney and connecting
flue pipe is essential for safe operation of your stove.
Sweep at least once a year if burning smokeless
fuels, and twice a year if you are burning wood.
It is highly recommended that you have an annual
inspection carried out by a competent person to ensure:1.
Room ventilation is maintained
The body of the stove, door seals, flue
connections and the chimney are all sound.
All mechanical components - e.g. Baffle plate,
grate, firebricks, firedoor/s, glass and the air
flow controls are sound.
Protecting the vulnerable
Baffle plate cleaning
For your personal protection, particularly where the
elderly or infirm, children and pets are concerned, a
stove fireguard conforming to BS 6539 should be
used to prevent them coming into contact with the
hot stove.
It is essential that the baffle plate is checked once a
month and cleaned of any accumulated deposits.
Cleaning the baffle plate must be carried out when
the stove is cold, never attempt it when the stove is
When to use a spark guard
For most models, pull the baffle plate forward off the
rear fire bricks, and lower it carefully into the stove.
Use a brush to sweep of any deposits. Re-position
the baffle plate taking care that none of the bricks
have fallen over during the cleaning operation. Some
models have a baffle plate which slides in position,
these can be cleaned by sliding them out and
brushing off any deposits. See pages 8 & 9.
When a stove is left burning and unattended with the
doors open, a spark guard conforming to BS 6539
should be used. The Villager spark guard, available
from your dealer, meets this requirement.
Use in Boats, Mobile Homes, etc
Used with common sense and care, stoves are
perfectly safe to use in these installations, but it is
important to be aware that the close proximity of
combustible materials represents a potential fire risk.
Care must be taken when refuelling and de-ashing to
prevent stray sparks, never store hot ashes inside.
The stove can be used with the door/s open, but a
suitable spark guard must be used. For complete
safety the stove should never be left unattended with
the door/s open.
General use
These stoves are primarily designed to be run with
the door/s closed to give the most economical and
efficient use of the fuel. The stove can be run with
the door/s open to give a boost to the radiant heat
output on a temporary basis. We do not recommend
running the stove with door/s open for long periods
as there is an increased risk of a chimney fire due to
much higher chimney temperatures. In extreme
cases damage to the stove may occur due to
localised overheating, which would not normally take
Chimney cleaning
Your installer must provide access to the chimney
and connecting flue pipe for cleaning, as the design
of some models precludes sweeping through the
stove. It is the user‟s responsibility to ensure that
these cleaning door/s are always accessible.
Glass cleaning
Provided the stove is being properly used, the glass
in those stoves fitted with the „Airwash System‟ will
remain clean. In all other models, under normal use
with moderate burn rates the glass should remain
reasonably clean.
If the stove is burnt at a low rate for extended
periods, or with damp or poor quality fuel, the door
glass may become dirty. If this happens, running the
stove at a high rate for a while will often clean the
glass. If necessary, the glass can be cleaned with a
suitable glass cleaner available from your stove
supplier. A word of caution: some glass cleaners can
damage the door seals.
If you are burning wood only, try dipping a damp
cloth into a little of the fine ash powder, this
produces a good soft scourer. Light rubbing should
Then give you clean glass. Do not try this with solid
fuel ash as this will scratch the glass.
Stove Cleaning
The stove surfaces are finished with a high
temperature resistance paint which is best cleaned
by brushing down with a clean soft brush. Do not
use any scouring pastes or creams, they will mark
the surface.
Once the nuts are undone “unscrew” the glass clips
and lift out the broken glass. Clean off the remnants
of the old gasket. Carefully position the new gasket
in the door rebate, and then place the new glass
centrally in the aperture. Push the glass clips down
onto the studs and refit the nuts. The nuts must only
be finger tight, so the glass is only gripped lightly
and evenly. Nuts that are to tight can be the cause
of glass breakage. Carefully refit the door/s back
onto its hinges.
Adjusting the door latch
Avoid the use of dusters as the surface of the stove
will pick up fibres which can be frustratingly difficult
to remove !
After a while the door seals will bed in and door will
not seal as tightly as it should. To maintain a perfect
seal adjust the door latch as follows:-
If at any time the paint should need retouching, you
can obtain a tin or an aerosol through your supplier.
Do not wash the stove or let water remain on any
surface when it is cold as this may cause rusting.
Try not to touch the stove even when it is cold as
natural oils in the skin can leave finger prints.
Loosen the lock nut and adjust the latch by
approximately 1/8 th of a turn at a time until the latch
holds the door tightly closed. Retighten the lock nut.
Glass and gasket replacement
Glass replacement
Single door
Twin door
In the unlikely event of the glass breaking it can be
easily replaced with the correct size. You will also
need to replace the gasket. Both are available from
your Villager dealer or direct from our factory. When
the fire is cold lift each door up off their hinges and
lay them face down on a sheet of cardboard or
similar, do not use paper as this is too thin and the
weight of the door may mark the surface below.
We suggest that you give the glass retaining nuts a
good soaking with easing oil before you attempt to
remove them, particularly if the stove has been in
use for some time. Do not force the nuts, if they are
still tight apply a little more easing oil and give it
time to work into the thread. Try again and gently
ease the nuts by alternately moving them a little
each way until they undo. Excessive force may
break the stud off the door, which will then require
Re-welding in position. In this event return the
door/s (without glass) to the Villager factory for
All our wood burning stoves, except the Berkley and
„C‟ Wood, have an „airwash‟ plate held in place by
the glass retaining nuts at the top of the door, this
should be refitted in the same position when
Door seals
Every few months check the door seals for fraying
etc. and replace them when necessary. It is good
practice to replace the door seals approximately
every two years, so an effective seal is maintained
when the door/s are closed. Seals and the
appropriate adhesive are available from your
Villager dealer, or direct from our factory together
with fitting instructions.
Operating the Stove
The Controls and their function
Air controls
Primary air controls:
The efficient use of fuel
These are kept fully open when lighting the stove, to
boost combustion when adding fresh fuel, or to
increase the burn rate of the fire bed.
What to burn and what to avoid
Secondary air controls:
Lighting procedures
The Controls and their function
Stove operating tool
This is a multi purpose tool which operates all the
stove controls as shown.
These allow extra air, which is preheated, into the
upper part of the combustion chamber giving a hotter
burn. This preheated air is directed down over the
glass, which will tend to burn any deposits off the
glass and allow a clear view of the fire. The use of
these controls makes the most of the fuel and will give
cleaner emissions.
Air controls for ‘A’ & ‘B’ range wood burning stoves.
Door vent control
This end fits over the vent
control for easy operation.
Ash pan removal
Use this end to fit into the
ash pan.
Flue damper control
Use this end to open &
close the flue damper.
Door opening
These prongs locate in the
grooves in the side of the
door knob.
Riddle bar rocker arm
For multi fuel stoves only
that are fitted with the
riddling grate. This slot fits
over the rocker arm at the
side of the stove.
Diagram A
Air controls for ‘C’ range wood - burning
Diagram B
All these appliance are classed as „Intermittent
burning‟ and will need refuelling at regular intervals
to maintain the nominal heat output, typically every
hour when burning wood or every 2-3 hours when
solid fuel is burned.
Air controls for Berkley Stove
If you are burning solid fuel, the primary vents, in
conjunction with the secondary vents, should be
adjusted to give the desired burn rate
The flue damper (where fitted) should be closed
gradually to control the overall burn rate within the
firebox, but not closed down to the point where
smoke comes back through any of the vents.
When a satisfactory room temperature has been
reached, adjust the burn rate using the secondary
vents at the top of the stove, including the sliders on
each side, where fitted.
Diagram C
Air controls for Bayswater, Elite and
Chelsea Duo/Solo multi-fuel stoves,
including the air vent and riddle bar
When refuelling is necessary, it is good practice to
open the flue damper (where fitted) and the other
controls for several minutes before opening the
door/s. This will prevent smoke coming back into
The room when the new fuel is added
Lighting the fire or refuelling with damp wood may
cause a haze to form over the glass. This will burn
off as the heat is generated.
The efficient use of fuel
With all fuel types, you should avoid burning wet
fuel, as a considerable amount of potential heat will
be wasted simply „boiling off‟ the moisture present,
for this reason we would always recommended
keeping the fuel under cover wherever possible.
The CE and HETAS® approvals that all these
stoves have, are based on using only the fuels listed
under „ RECOMENDED FUELS‟ on pages 15 & 16
Diagram D
Lighting Procedures
Use paper or firelighters and small pieces of wood to
create a bed of kindling, add just enough fuel to get
the fire properly alight, for about half an hour. Ensure
the flue damper is fully open (handle in line with flue
pipe). Fully open all air vent controls to create the
maximum draught and air circulation to stimulate the
During lighting and subsequent running of the stove
never leave the ash pit door open.
Light the kindling and shut the door/s. When all the
initial fuel load is burning well, more fuel can be
added. If you are burning wood, shut down the
primary air vents as soon as the fire roars away
excessively, and use the secondary vents to
Control the burn rate.
Burning wood in both wood burning and
multi-fuel stoves
Woodburning stoves:
The most economical method of burning wood is on
a bed of ash. All our woodburners are designed to
allow a layer of ash to build up. For best results the
ash should be kept at a depth of around 25mm,
periodically remove any excess ash.
This may be done while the stove is alight by raking
the glowing embers to one side while the ash is
removed. Please wear stout oven gloves and take
the greatest of care.
If you wish to increase the firebox capacity in the
Berkley stoves, remove the log retainer and grate,
and burn the fuel on the bricks on the base of the
Note: You must always keep the ashpit door
closed in this case
Multi-fuel stoves:
Wood may be burned in a multi-fuel stove on an
occasional basis, or mixed with solid fuel very
satisfactorily, but it will tend to burn relatively quickly.
Log sizes:
As a general guide, logs of up to the following
lengths are easily loaded and accommodated in
each stove as follows:C Range & Chelsea Dou/Solo = 300mm
All other stoves = 400mm
We would recommend that logs of greater than
150mm diameter are split to aid loading the stove
Burning solid fuel in both wood burning
and multi-fuel
Woodburning stoves (except ‘C’ range)
Solid fuel may be used in a wood burning stove
mixed with wood for extra heat output when
required, but if you intend to burn solid fuel on a full
time basis, it would be better to consider buying a
grate conversion kit, because solid fuel requires an
under draught to burn really efficiently.
Multi-fuel stove:
All our multi-fuel stoves are ideally suited to burning
many types of solid fuel, please see the list of
recommended fuels on page 15 & 16
To allow a good flow of primary air under the grate
for efficient burning, the ash should be removed
All models have a riddle bar fitted for convenience.
Ash removal
For all stoves with a grate bar, the ash should be
removed daily by emptying the ash pan. Remember
that hot ash must not be put in anything other than a
metal container.
Ash must not be allowed to build up to touch the
grate, as this will cause overheating of the grate and
shorten its life.
All models:
Fully open the flue damper, where fitted, prior to
removing the ash. This will help clear any smoke and
dust disturbed as you remove the ash pan. We
recommend you wear stout oven gloves and take
care if the ash is still hot.
For all wood burning models with a grate fitted, open
the door/s and poke the fuel to cause the ash top fall
through the grate, lift out the ash pan using the
operating tool, empty and replace it under the grate.
For all multi-fuel models with a riddle grate, keep the
doors shut fit the operating tool onto the square end
of the rocker arm and move the handle up & down
several times to allow the ash to fall through the
grate. Open the ash pit door with the operating tool
or stout oven gloves, and lift out the ash pan and
empty, replace it and firmly shut the ash pit door
For added convenience and to reduce the dust, an
ash carrier (available from you Villager dealer) will
help in safe transport and disposal of ash.
Recommendations for longer term
There are two main factors which govern the
success of burning the stoves slowly over long
periods. These are the fuel used and the pull of the
flue. A certain degree of experimentation with the
control settings will be required to achieve the best
results from your particular installation.
When burning wood, aim to have a bed of ash
around 12-25mm in the stove. Pack a full load of
wood tightly together and set the primary air vents
slightly open, keeping any secondary air vents shut.
Adjust the damper control (where fitted) to 1/2 shut.
Depending on the burn rate achieved you may need
to alter these settings. If the fuel burns away too
quickly close the air vents more, or conversely if the
fire goes out, open them a little more.
When burning solid fuel, de-ash the grate and empty
the ash pan, then top up the fuel in the firebox to just
below the top of the bricks. Shut the secondary vents
and open the primary air vents slightly and 1/2 close
the damper (where fitted). As with wood burning you
made need to adjust the control settings to give the
desired results.
With both fuel types, when you want to revert to
normal burning again, open the damper fully and
open all air vents 1/2 way, then add a small amount
of fuel initially to re-establish a good burn rate.
When burning well, load fully and operate the stove
at the desired rate.
Do remember that wet fuel of any type, or poorly
seasoned wood will greatly reduce the chances of
long term burning being successful.
What to burn and what to avoid
Recommended fuels
Important note:
CE & HETAS® approval for Villager stoves listed is
dependant on certain fuels being used. Of those
covered by the approval we recommend you use
only the following types for best results in our stoves:
Manufactured smokeless fuels
Phurnacite, Phurnacite nuts, Ancit, Taybright,
Sunbright Doubles, Fireglo, Econotherm, Newflame,
Maxbright, Supercite. Homefire and Homefire Ovals
are also suited to many multi-fuel stoves.
Hardwoods (oak, ash, beech or any combination of
these) properly seasoned and dried to a moisture
content of between 12% & 20% by weight is
HETAS® approval does not cover the use of other
fuels either alone or mixed with the fuels listed
above, nor does it cover instructions for the use of
Other fuels, however we suggest that good results
can also be achieved burning the fuel listed below.
Burning will not invalidate your „Villager Fireguard
Other suitable fuels
Most types burn well provided they are properly
seasoned with a moisture content below 20%
It is bad practice to burn recently felled timber or
wood that is wet. The heat output will be poor and it
will cause excessive tar deposits to form in the
Only to be used in turf or brick form, with low moisture content.
Household waste paper will burn successfully, but
only if it is dry and fairly tightly packed. If loosely
packed it will disappear up the chimney and may
cause damage.
Solid fuel
There are plenty on the market to choose from, and
if you are intending to use one from the HETAS®
approved list, we suggest you experiment to find
which one suits you best. However there are some
fuel types we suggest you avoid, See following
Fuels we suggest are best avoided
Petroleum based
Petroleum based fuels and industrial fuels should be
avoided, i.e. Petrocoke etc., as they will damage the
grate. Please also note, that whilst ordinary
household coal may be burned, it will tend to
excessively blacken the door glass and give increased levels of chimney deposits. We suggest that
you avoid burning anthracite where possible as while
it burns well it tends to burn very hot which will cause
the grate to fail prematurely.
What not to burn
Never attempt to burn general household refuse
This may contain materials that could give off toxic
fumes, or worst still, explode. Do not attempt to burn
liquid fuels in your stove.
Never burn plastics
Sources of advice on fuels
The above list of approved fuels offers plenty of
choice, but if you would like more information your
Villager dealer, local fuel merchant or SFA
(Solid Fuel Association, see page 17) will be pleased
to help.
Shutting down the stove for extended
To prevent condensation and possible corrosion
when the stove is not going to be used for some
time, e.g. During the summer months, always clean
out any ash residue or un-burnt fuel from the fire box
and ash pit areas. Leave the doors slightly ajar and
all air controls fully open to enable a good circulation
of air through and around the stove, this will also
prolong the life of your door ropes.
The Last Word
We appreciate that we have given you a great deal to read,
but we hope all the information and specification detail has
been clear and helpful and that you are now able to enjoy
the full benefit of your stove.
However, if you have any queries or doubts or would like
further advice, please do not hesitate to speak to your
Villager dealer or call us. Any suggestions for
improvements are most welcome.
Villager Guarantee
Providing your stove has been properly installation a
HETAS® registered engineer and is operated in
accordance with these instructions, your villager stove is
guaranteed for three years against manufacturing and
material faults.
The guarantee does not cover the actual assembly,
installation and use of your stove as all these are
operations outside of our control.
The fully detailed guarantee is included at the back of the
booklet. In the unlikely event of a problem developing with
your Villager stove, please contact the dealer from whom
you purchased the stove.
Please keep this manual for future reference.
Useful contact numbers
Tel: 0845 634 5626
Villager Dealer
Solid Fuel Association
Tel: 0845 601 4406
The National Association of
Chimney Sweeps
Tel: 01785 811732
Fuel Supplier
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