Getting Started With MAXserver Access Servers

Getting Started With MAXserver Access Servers
Getting Started
With
MAXserver™ Access Servers
Models 1604, 1608A/B, 1620 and 1640
NBase-Xyplex
295 Foster St.
Littleton, MA 01460
1-800-435-7997 (U.S.)
+978-952-4888 (International)
Email: support@Nbase-Xyplex.com
451-0038D
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without
the prior written consent of NBase-Xyplex. The information in this
document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as
a commitment by NBase-Xyplex. NBase-Xyplex reserves the right to revise
this publication, and to make changes in content from time to time, without
obligation to provide notification of such revision or changes. NBase-Xyplex
assumes no responsibility for errors that may appear in this document.
Copyright © 1997, 2000 by NBase-Xyplex. Printed in USA
Warranty
For Repair or Warranty information, refer to the ReadMe1st file that is
included on the CD shipped with the Software Kit. Should you experience
trouble with this equipment, please contact your NBase-Xyplex customer
support representative in the USA at 978-952-4700.
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CAUTION
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
when the equipment is operated in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, can cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to
try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
·
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
·
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
·
Connect the power cord of the equipment into an outlet on a circuit that
is different from that to which the receiver is connected.
·
Consult the dealer or experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by NBase-Xyplex could
void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
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VCCI
Translation:
This is a Class B product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control
Council for Interference from Information Technology Equipment (VCCI). If
this is used near a radio or television receiver in a domestic environment, it
may cause radio interference. Install and use the equipment according to the
instruction manual.
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v
Table of Contents
About the MAXserver ..................................................................................... 13
Supported Communication Speeds ........................................................................... 15
Software Requirements.............................................................................................. 15
Downloading Software ............................................................................................... 16
Configuration Options................................................................................................ 17
Related Publications................................................................................................... 19
Installation ...................................................................................................... 20
Unpack and Inspect the Unit .................................................................................... 21
Place the Unit on a Flat Surface or Mount on Rack ................................................ 21
Rack Mount Installation (optional) ........................................................................... 22
Insert the Flash Card (if Supplied) ........................................................................... 23
Connecting the Ethernet Interface ........................................................................... 24
Connect the Power Cable ........................................................................................... 26
Front Panel LEDs - MAXserver 1620/1640 .............................................................. 27
Front Panel LEDs - MAXserver 1604/1608B............................................................ 27
Port Status LEDs........................................................................................................ 29
Connect Serial Device Cables .................................................................................... 29
Additional Considerations for an Internet Environment ........................................ 30
Factory Defaults Settings .......................................................................................... 30
Autobauding Feature ................................................................................................. 31
Reinitializing/Powering Off the Unit ........................................................................ 33
Resetting the MAXserver........................................................................................... 33
Connecting Other Devices ......................................................................................... 36
Logging in to the Access Server ................................................................... 37
Telneting into the Access Server Console Port ........................................... 39
Changing the Telnet Remote Port............................................................................. 42
Passwords ...................................................................................................... 42
Login Password........................................................................................................... 43
Privilege Password ..................................................................................................... 43
Lost Passwords ........................................................................................................... 45
Time-Sensitive Passwords ......................................................................................... 45
Prompts........................................................................................................... 46
Login Password Prompt ............................................................................................. 46
Configurable Username and Password Prompts...................................................... 46
Privileges ........................................................................................................ 48
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Flash Cards.....................................................................................................51
Loading the Image File .............................................................................................. 51
Changing the Software Image Filename................................................................... 52
Copying Flash Cards .................................................................................................. 53
Deleting Flash Cards.................................................................................................. 53
Displaying the Flash Card Settings .......................................................................... 53
Updating Images ........................................................................................................ 55
Rebooting........................................................................................................57
INITIALIZE DELAY Command ................................................................................ 57
Cabling Considerations .................................................................................60
Ordering Cables .......................................................................................................... 60
Cabling Types ............................................................................................................. 60
Modem Control/Hardware Flow Control................................................................... 61
Making Your Own RJ-45 Cables................................................................................ 62
RJ-45 Wiring Considerations..................................................................................... 63
Modular Adapters (RJ-45 to DB-25).......................................................................... 64
Using Existing MAXserver 1000-series Cabling....................................................... 64
DEConnect RJ-45 Cables ........................................................................................... 67
Octopus Cables............................................................................................................ 68
Connecting to a Distribution Panel ........................................................................... 70
Pin Assignments ............................................................................................78
10Base-T Connector.................................................................................................... 78
RJ-45 and DB-25 Pins ................................................................................................ 79
Using the Configuration Menu.......................................................................80
Loading Software Image and Parameters................................................................. 81
Displaying Load Status Messages ............................................................................. 81
Loading Protocols........................................................................................................ 82
Accessing the Configuration Menu............................................................................ 83
About the Configuration Menu .................................................................................. 84
Display Configuration ................................................................................................ 84
Displaying Initialization Records .............................................................................. 85
Displaying Miscellaneous Unit Configurations ........................................................ 87
Loading and Dumping Protocols................................................................................ 88
Displaying the Software Load Host........................................................................... 88
Displaying the Parameter Server .............................................................................. 88
Modify Unit Configuration......................................................................................... 90
Creating a Customized Configuration....................................................................... 92
Defining Parameter Loading Methods ...................................................................... 95
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Defining Dumping Methods....................................................................................... 96
Defining IP Addresses................................................................................................ 99
Miscellaneous Unit Configuration .......................................................................... 100
Resetting the Unit’s Load and Dump Protocols to Factory Defaults .................... 102
Initializing Server and Port Parameters ................................................................ 104
Revert to Stored Configuration ............................................................................... 104
Exit Saving Configuration Changes........................................................................ 105
Exit Without Saving Configuration Changes ......................................................... 105
Command Line Interface.............................................................................. 107
Displaying an Initialization Record ........................................................................ 107
Enabling/Disabling Image and Parameter Protocols............................................. 109
Naming Load Files ................................................................................................... 112
Retrieving Image Files from Host ........................................................................... 113
Terminating Image File Loading ............................................................................ 113
Dump Protocols......................................................................................................... 113
Assigning IP Addresses............................................................................................ 114
Resetting Initialization Parameters To Default Values ........................................ 117
Displaying Initialization Parameters...................................................................... 117
Displaying the Software Load Host ........................................................................ 118
Displaying the Parameter Server............................................................................ 118
Protocols.................................................................................................................... 119
Setting Up MaxServer Ports for Out-of-band Management of Console Port
Devices.......................................................................................................... 123
Accessing the Out-of-band Management Console Port ............................ 126
Accessing from an Ethernet-attached Station........................................................ 126
Accessing from a Dumb Terminal Attached to a MaxServer Serial Port ............. 126
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................... 128
Startup/Loading Problems ....................................................................................... 128
Startup Error Codes................................................................................................. 129
Common Error Codes ............................................................................................... 131
Power Up and Re-initialization Problems .............................................................. 132
Network Loading Problems ..................................................................................... 133
Loading Problems..................................................................................................... 134
Load Server Errors................................................................................................... 135
SIMMs Installation ........................................................................................ 142
Recommended SIMMs Manufacturers.................................................................... 142
MAXserver Memory Requirements......................................................................... 144
Installation................................................................................................................ 144
Verifying Memory Installation Using Commands ................................................. 149
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Verifying Memory Installation Using the Configuration Menu ............................ 149
Removing SIMMs...................................................................................................... 152
Removing SIMMs from the MAXserver .................................................................. 153
Technical Specifications.............................................................................. 155
Index
Figures
Figure 1 - Sample SHOW UNIT Display .................................................................. 16
Figure 2 - Sample FocalPoint Configuration ............................................................ 18
Figure 3 - Mounting a MAXserver in Rack ............................................................... 23
Figure 4 - MAXserver 1620/1640, Rear View............................................................ 24
Figure 5 - MAXserver 1604/1608B, Rear View ........................................................ 25
Figure 6 - MAXserver 1620/1640 Front Panel .......................................................... 27
Figure 7 - MAXserver 1604 Front Panel ................................................................... 28
Figure 8 - Serial Device Connector (RJ-45) Signal Assignments ............................ 29
Figure 9 - Monitor Parameter Server Display .......................................................... 34
Figure 10 - RESET Switch Location.......................................................................... 35
Figure 11 - Sample SHOW PORT 0 TELNET CHARACTERISTICS Display ....... 40
Figure 12 - Crossover and Straight-through Wiring Schemes ................................ 64
Figure 13 - Adapter Wiring, MAXserver to DTE ...................................................... 65
Figure 14 - Adapter Wiring, MAXserver to DCE...................................................... 66
Figure 15 - MAXserver DEConnect Cable ................................................................ 68
Figure 16 - Octopus Cable with 50-pin Telco Connector.......................................... 69
Figure 17 - Octopus Cable With 36-pin Female DEConnect Connector ................. 69
Figure 18 - Octopus Cable With 36-pin Male DEConnect connector ...................... 70
Figure 19 - Connecting a MAXserver to DB-25 Distribution Panel ........................ 71
Figure 20 - Modular Cables for Connecting a Modem (6-Wire) ............................... 73
Figure 21 - Modular Cables for Connecting a Modem (7-Wire) ............................... 74
Figure 22 - Modular Cables for RTS/CTS Flow Control (7-Wire) ............................ 75
Figure 23 - Modular Cables for Connecting a Modem (Eight-Wire)........................ 76
Figure 24 - Modular Cables for RTS/CTS Flow Control (Eight-Wire)..................... 77
Figure 25 - Ethernet 15-Pin AUI Connector Assignments ...................................... 78
Figure 26 - 10Base-T Connector Assignments.......................................................... 79
Figure 27 - RJ-45, DB-25 Pins ................................................................................... 79
Figure 28 - Access Server Configuration Menu ........................................................ 84
Figure 29 - Display Unit Configuration Menu.......................................................... 85
Figure 30 - Sample Unit Configuration Display....................................................... 86
Figure 31 - Sample Miscellaneous Configuration Display....................................... 87
Figure 32 - The Modify Unit Configuration Menu ................................................... 91
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Figure 33 - Sample Primary Initialization Record Display ................................... 108
Figure 34 - Primary Initialization Record Display................................................. 118
Figure 35 - Sample Error Code Display .................................................................. 130
Figure 36 - Typical SIMM ........................................................................................ 144
Figure 37 - Removing the Screws Securing the Cover.......................................... 145
Figure 38 - Location of SIMM Sockets .................................................................... 146
Figure 39 - Inserting SIMM into Socket ................................................................. 148
Figure 40 - MAXserver Access server Configuration Menu .................................. 151
Figure 41 - Sample Display Unit Configuration Display....................................... 151
Figure 42 - Sample Miscellaneous Configuration Display..................................... 152
Figure 43 - Removing SIMMs.................................................................................. 154
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
About the MAXserver
The MAXservers are standalone access servers that provide:
Serial Ports – The MAXserver is available in the following configurations:
·
The MAXserver 1620 provides 20 asynchronous serial communication
ports with RJ-45 interfaces.
·
The MAXserver 1640 provides 40 asynchronous serial communication
ports with RJ-45 interfaces. (See Figure 4 for connector signal
assignments.)
·
The MAXserver 1608 provides 8 asynchronous serial communication
ports with RJ-45 interfaces.
·
The MAXserver 1604 provides 4 asynchronous serial communication
ports with RJ-45 interfaces.
Figure 4 and Figure 5 show rear and front views of the MAXserver 1620 and
MAXserver 1640. Figure 6 and Figure 8 show rear and front views of the
MAXserver 1608A and MAXserver 1604.
NOTE:
The front and rear panels of the MAXserver 1608A are
identical to the MAXserver 1620 and 1640 except for the
number of ports available.
Ethernet Interfaces -- A 15-pin standard Ethernet Interface Attachment
Unit Interface (AUI) connector and a 10Base-T Ethernet interface (RJ-45
connector). (See Figure 15 for AUI connector signal assignments.)
TCP/IP and LAT Protocol Support -- The MAXserver provides
concurrent support for the DEC Local Area Transport (LAT®) and TCP/IP
protocols.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Flash Card -- An optional card, from which the unit can load its operating
software.
The MAXserver can also load software from the flash card to other NBaseXyplex access server units on the network for which it has a load image.
Network Software Loading -- If you order a MAXserver without a flash
card, the unit loads its operating software from a network host called a load
server. The load server is typically a UNIXÔ or VAX/VMSÔ system.
However, you can also use a MAXserver Manager card (MAXman) or
another MAXserver. The load server downloads a software image to the
MAXserver over the network whenever the access server is powered on or
re-initialized. The load serverm can support other devices as well.
Expandable Memory – All MAXserver units are shipped with 4 MB of
factory installed memory. The memory can be expanded in 2 MB
increments, up to 8 MB, using SIMM memory modules. SIMMs should be
installed by qualified personnel only. To upgrade your MAXserver, contact
your NBase-Xyplex sales representative or distributor. Installation
instructions are provided later in this Guide.
Concurrent Flow Control and Modem Control Support -- The
MAXserver provides concurrent support for RTS/CTS flow control signals
and modem control; signals on all ports. Adapters are available to support
cabling to MAXserver ports when these signals are used. In most cases, the
MAXserver can also use standard MAXserver 1000-series cabling, if support
for the new signals is not required.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Supported Communication Speeds
MAXserver
Communication Speed
MAXserver 1604
50 - 115.2 Kbps
MAXserver 1608A/B
50 - 115.2 Kbps
MAXserver 1620
50 - 115.2 Kbps
MAXserver 1640
50 bps to 57.6 Kbps
Software Requirements
MAXserver
1608A, 1620, 1640
Release 5.3 or higher
1604 and 1608B
Release 6.0.3 or higher
NOTE:
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Minimum Software Requirements
If you are unsure of the software version you are running,
enter the SHOW UNIT command at the Xyplex prompt to
display the unit’s current software version.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Hardware Type:
Hardware Revision:
Rom Revision:
Software Type:
Software Revision:
Protocol Type:
XPRINTER
86
00.00.00
470000
Access Server Level 4
V6.1
LAT, TELNET, RLOGIN, TN3270, ARAP, SNMP, PPP, IPX,
Daemon(s):
LPD
Enabled Feature(s): APD, HELP, INTERNET SECURITY, IP FILTERING,
IPX FILTERING, ULI, SECURID, MENU, NESTED MENUS,
KERBEROS, RADIUS
APD Message:
AutoProtocolDetect - Begin protocol or enter 4 returns for interactive mode.
Figure 1 - Sample SHOW UNIT Display
Downloading Software
MAXservers are configured at the factory to load software from a flash card,
if one is inserted in the card slot. If a card is not present, the unit requests
software from a network load server, which can be:
·
A MAXserver that is equipped with a flash card
·
A MAXserver Manager (MAXMAN) card or Network 9000 processor
module
·
A VAX/VMS host system, from which the unit can load via DEC
Maintenance Operations Protocol (MOP)
·
A UNIX system running:
- Bootstrap protocol (BOOTP) and Trivial File Transfer Protocol
(TFTP), or
- Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP) and TFTP
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
The load server downloads a software image to the MAXserver, over the
network, whenever the unit is powered on or re-initialized. By default, the
unit requests software from each type of load server, until a server responds
with a software load offer.
If you need to install software on a network load server, refer to the Software
Installation Guide for the type of load server you plan to use.
Configuration Options
There are two Graphical User Interface configuration utilities that you can
use instead of using the Access Server Configuration Menu or the Command
Line interface to configure the MAXserver. These utilities simplify the task
of configuring MAXservers - FocalPoint and ControlPoint.
About FocalPoint
FocalPoint for Access Servers is a Windows-based configuration utility with
a point-and-click graphical interface (GUI) designed to step you through the
process of configuring MAXservers.
FocalPoint guides you through the logical progression of setup choices
complete with default settings and context-sensitive online help.Using
FocalPoint to configure the MAXserver eliminates the need to learn a
complex command line interface.
FocalPoint automatically ships free of charge on the software and
documentation CD with all Network 3000, Route Runners, MAXserver, and
720 Series Access Server modules for the Network 9000. The latest versions
of FocalPoint software are also available from the NBase-Xyplex Web Site.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
To use FocalPoint, simply load the software from the CD that was shipped
with the MAXserver. From FocalPoint, you can select your MAXserver
model and also provide all pertinent information before you can advance to
the next step. FocalPoint will not prompt you for options not available to
your system.
Figure 2 - Sample FocalPoint Configuration
About ControlPoint
The ControlPoint network management application is standards-based,
portable and runs on inductry-leading network management platforms such
as Microsoft Windows 95 and NT, Sun Microsystems (SunNet Manager) and
Hewlett Packard (HP OpenView).
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
ControlPoint is tailored for NBase-Xyplex devices. It provides easy
configuration through a simple point-and-click Graphical User Interface
(GUI). ControlPoint’s Policy Manager reduces the risk of error, simplifies
repetitive tasks, and saves network administrators time. A trend analysis
application provides monitoring and graphing of long-term internetworking
trends. To order ControlPoint, contact your NBase-Xyplex Sales
Representative.
Related Publications
The following publications are useful to persons who install and manage
NBase-Xyplex access servers. The following publications were included on the
CD with your access server software. To obtain hard copies, contact your
NBase-Xyplex sales representative or distributor.
MAXserver Documentation
Document Title
Document Number
Basic Configuration Guide
451-0084
Advanced Configuration Guide
420-0558
Printer Configuration Guide
451-0112
Commands Reference Guide
420-0559
Error Messages Reference Guide
451-0049
Using the Xyplex ULI
451-0062
Using the Xyplex APGEN Utility
451-0065
Software Installation Guides
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UNIX
420-0390
VAX/VMS
420-0391
Xyplex Loader
420-0392
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Installation
This section explains how to install a MAXserver and place it into operation.
The basic installation consists of the following procedures:
1. Unpack the unit, check the contents against the packing list, and inspect
for possible damage during shipping.
2. Mount the unit in a standard 19" rack or place it on a suitable flat
surface (19" x 15").
3. If the unit is equipped with a flash card, insert the into the card slot on
the front of the unit.
NOTE:
NBase-Xyplex recommends that you wear a
grounded wrist strap when you insert the card.
If none is available, ground yourself by placing
one hand on the unit (or another grounded
object), before you insert the flash card, to
prevent static from being discharged into the
unit.
4. If the unit is not equipped with a flash card, verify that Release 5.3 or
greater of Access Server software is installed in the network (Release
6.0.3 or higher if using the MAXserver 1604 or 1608B).
5. If you are installing a unit that is equipped with a flash card, as well as
units that are not, install the unit with the flash card first. That unit
can then serve as a load server for the other units.
6. Connect the Ethernet transceiver cable or 10Base-T network cable to the
unit.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
7. Connect the power cord to rear of the unit, then to an AC power outlet,
and observe the front panel lights.
8. Connect the serial device cables to the unit and to the devices (terminals,
PCs, etc.), and initialize the devices.
The following sections provide more detailed installation instructions.
Unpack and Inspect the Unit
Follow these steps:
1. Carefully unpack the unit shipping carton.
2. Inspect the contents and make sure that you received all parts listed on
the shipping order.
3. Place all packing materials back into the shipping carton and save the
carton. (If you need to return the unit to NBase-Xyplex or your
distributor, you should return it in the original carton.)
4. If the unit has been damaged in shipping or any parts are missing, notify
your NBase-Xyplex representative or distributor immediately.
Place the Unit on a Flat Surface or Mount on Rack
Select a location for the unit that meets the following requirements:
Adequate Space -- A standard 19" rack or a 19" x 15" flat, stable surface
such as a shelf or desktop must be available or use the instructions in
Section 2.3.1 to mount it in a standard 19" rack.
You can locate the unit in a variety of environments, including an office or
computer room, provided the environmental requirements are met.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
To reduce the possibility of dust entering the unit and to allow easy
inspection of the unit's front panel lights, make sure that the MAXserver is
located at an optimum distance (preferably not less than 18 inches/45
centimeters) from the floor.
Environment -- Do not choose a location where the unit will be exposed to
direct sunlight or subjected to vibration. Also, the unit must be installed in
an environment with 20% to 80% humidity, noncondensing, 0° - 40° C (32°113° F).
+
Do not remove the MAXserver unit's "feet."
Do not place an object on the side(s) of the unit
that might block airflow through the unit.
Rack Mount Installation (optional)
Rack mount installation is easier when performed by two persons -- one
person holding the unit while another secures the mounting bolts with a
Phillips-head screwdriver. (Threaded clips and bolts are supplied with the
unit).
Complete these steps:
1. Locate a mounting position on the rack that allows at least one inch of
space above and below the unit.
2. Secure the unit to the mounting rack using the supplied bolts, as shown
in Figure 3. If the rack is not threaded, use the threaded clips supplied
with the server.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Rack
Threaded clips -- optional; use
if the rack is not threaded
Figure 3 - Mounting a MAXserver in Rack
Insert the Flash Card (if Supplied)
If the unit is supplied with a Flash Card, insert the card into the card slot on
the front panel.
+
NBase-Xyplex recommends that you wear a grounded
wrist strap when you insert the flash card. If none is
available, ground yourself by placing one hand on the
unit (or another grounded object), before you insert the
flash card, to prevent static from being discharged into
the unit.
Markings on the flash card indicate which end you insert into the unit. (As
another indication, the end you insert has two rows of small square holes.)
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Connecting the Ethernet Interface
Connect either a 10Base-T or AUI Ethernet network cable to the appropriate
connector on the rear of the MAXserver (See Figure 4 for 20-port and 40-port
models; Figure 5 for 8-port and 4-port models.) Connect only one Ethernet
cable to the unit. When powered up, the unit selects the interface on which
it detects network activity.
MAXserver 1620 Terminal Server
110 - 240 VAC ~
1.0 - 0,5A 50 - 60 Hz
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14 15 16
RJ-45 Serial Port Connectors.
17
ETHERNET
18 19 20
10BASE-T Ethernet
RJ-45 Connector
Standard Ethernet
(AUI) Connector
Link LED
MAXserver 1640 Terminal Server
110 - 240 VAC ~
1.0 - 0,5A 50 - 60 Hz
ETHERNET
RJ-45 Serial Port Connectors.
Top Row: Ports 1 through 20
Bottom Row: Ports 21 through 40.
10BASE-T Ethernet
RJ-45 Connector
Standard Ethernet
(AUI) Connector
Link LED
Figure 4 - MAXserver 1620/1640, Rear View
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Figure 5 - MAXserver 1604/1608B, Rear View
Standard (AUI) Connection -- Plug the male cable connector into the 15pin female AUI socket on the rear of the unit and fasten the slide latch.
(The AUI connector signal assignments are shown in Figure 25.)
10Base-T Connection -- Install the Ethernet cable by plugging it into the
10Base-T connector on the rear of the unit. (The 10Base-T connector signal
assignments are shown in Figure 26.) If you use the 10Base-T connector, the
LINK LED will light when the unit detects that it is connected to a working
Ethernet network.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Connect the Power Cable
You do not need to set the unit for 115V or 230V operation. The power
supply automatically adapts to the input voltage.
A grounded AC power outlet should be located within six feet of the back of
the unit. You can use a UL-approved, 3-prong extension cord if necessary,
provided it has sufficient current and voltage capacity. (The cord must have
sufficient capacity for the input power, and AC power must meet the criteria
listed in).
To connect the power cable, complete these steps:
1. Plug the AC line cord (supplied) into the AC power receptacle on the rear
of the unit. (See Figure 4 for the location of the power receptacle.)
2. Plug the other end of the cord into a grounded 3-prong AC power outlet
(or a UL-approved extension cord with sufficient capacity that is plugged
into a suitable outlet).
3. When you apply power, the unit performs a self test of its circuitry and
then proceeds to load its software. When the unit has finished loading
its software, the RUN light flashes slowly and the LAN light flashes as
Ethernet packets are received. (Figure 6 shows the locations of the
lights on the front panel.)
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Front Panel LEDs - MAXserver 1620/1640
The front panels of the MAXserver 1640 and 1620 access servers are
identical, except for the model designation. If, after several minutes, the
front panel lights do not behave as indicated, refer to the Troubleshooting
section of this guide for instructions.
XYPLEX MAXSERVER 1620
CARD
Memory Card slot
Eject Button
RUN LAN CONSOLE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
TERMINAL SERVER
-- These lights indicate port activity.
Ports 1 - 10
Flashing = activity on associated ports.
ON = port connection established.
OFF = no port connection established.
-- Press once to put the unit in reset state.
Reset switch
Press again to re-initialize the unit.
CONSOLE light -- ON when someone is logged on to the
unit's console port via the network. Flashes if permanent
parameter changes have not yet been stored. (Do not power
off the unit while this light is flashing.)
LAN light -- Flashes when the unit receives Ethernet
packets. Rapid blinking indicates heavy network traffic to the
unit.(OFF when not connected to network, or network is faulty.)
RUN light -- ON when unit is reset; flashes rapidly when
unit executes firmware code; flashes slowly when software
is loaded (RUN state).
CARD light -- ON when Memory card is being accessed.
Do not remove the card or power off the unit while this
light is ON.
Figure 6 - MAXserver 1620/1640 Front Panel
Front Panel LEDs - MAXserver 1604/1608B
The front panels of the MAXserver 1604 and 1608B access servers are
identical, except for the model designation (see Figure 7). If, after several
minutes, the front panel lights do not behave as indicated, refer to the
Troubleshooting section later in this guide.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Ports 1- 4
These lights indicate port activity.
Memory Card Slot
Flashing = Activity associated
with port.
ON = Port connection
established.
OFF = No port connection
established.
CONSOLE light - ON when
someone is logged on to the
unit’s console port via the
network. Flashes if permanent
parameter changes have not yet
been stored
LAN light - Flashes when the
unit receives Ethernet packets.
Rapid blinking indicates heavy
network traffic to the unit. (OFF
when not connected to network
or network is faulty.)
RUN light - ON when unit is
reset. Flashes rapidly when unit
executes firmware code.
Flashes slowly when software is
loaded (RUN state).
CARD light - ON when Memory
card is being accessed. Do not
remove the card or power off
the unit while this light is ON.
Figure 7 - MAXserver 1604 Front Panel
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Port Status LEDs
The port status LEDs are used in several ways. During the initialization
process, the LEDs indicate that self-tests are being performed, and if any
self-test fails, they indicate an error code. After the unit has received a load
image and parameters, the lights indicate when a port is actively being used.
In this case, each light can indicate activity for more than one port. For
example, if LED 1 is lit, this can indicate that there is activity on ports 1, 11,
21, or 31. LED 2 indicates activity on ports 2, 12, 22, etc.
Connect Serial Device Cables
Connect the serial device cables to the 8-pin RJ-45 jacks on the rear of the
unit. The signal assignments of the 8-pin jacks are shown in Figure 8.
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
RNG/CTS (input)
DTR (output)
XMT (output)
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV (input)
DSR/DCD (input) (discussed in Section B.2.2)
RTS (output)
12345678
Figure 8 - Serial Device Connector (RJ-45) Signal Assignments
NOTE:
0038
MAXserver serial ports provide concurrent support for
RTS/CTS flow control and modem control. See the Basic
Configuration Guide for information about setting up flow
and modem control.
29
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
NBase-Xyplex recommends that you label all cables with the name of the
device to which it connects and the number of the port you have assigned to
it. This way, if the cable is removed for any reason, you can reconnect it
easily. If the device cables have not yet been prepared with the correct RJ-45
connectors, see the Cabling Considerations later in this guide.
Additional Considerations for an Internet Environment
If you plan to use the unit in an Internet environment, you must define
addressing and identification characteristics to enable Internet hosts to
recognize the unit as a member of the network. See the IP Addresses section
later in this guide for information about configuring the unit for an Internet
environment.
Factory Defaults Settings
Each MAXserver unit is configured at the factory to use a default set of
initialization parameters that sets all ports to operate with asynchronous
ASCII terminal devices in order to obtain a software image. For most
configurations, the default settings can load without any configuration
changes. If you are not connecting keyboard terminals or PCs running
VT100 terminal emulation software, proceed to “Logging in to the
MAXserver.”
The unit is also configured at the factory to store parameters locally in Nonvolatile storage (NVS) or on a flash card, if one is installed, and remotely at
any properly configured parameter server. The following table lists the
factory default settings.
NOTE:
30
The default settings listed in this table are for Initialization Record
1 only. Initialization Records 2 and 3 are not enabled at the
factory. However, if you enable Records 2 and 3, their default
settings are the same as Record 1.
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Table 1 - Factory Default Settings
Configuration
Factory Default Setting
Initialization Record 1
Enabled
Initialization Record 2
Disabled
Initialization Record 3
Disabled
Parameter file load method
NVS, XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP
Software Image load method*
CARD, XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP,
DTFTP*
Dump File Method
XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP
Software filename for
CARD/XMOP/MOP loading
XPCSRV20
Default unit IP address:
0.0.0.0
Installed memory
4 MB
Loading Status messages
Enabled
Directed TFTP values
0.0.0.0 or N/A
Server login password (#)
ACCESS
Privileged password
SYSTEM
* DTFTP is not enabled at the factory.
Autobauding Feature
MAXserver serial ports are configured to adjust automatically to the
communication speed of a connected terminal.
0038
31
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
NOTE:
Access servers do not autobaud when the port receives 7-bit
characters with EVEN parity from the device until
software loading has completed. You must use 8-bit
characters with parity set to NONE in order to receive load
messages and to enter into the ROM Configuration Menu.
You can only enable AUTOBAUD at a port set to local access and when the
attached device is configured with the following settings:
CHARACTER SIZE
8, (7 if EVEN parity)
PARITY
NONE (EVEN if character size is set to 7)
SPEED
Valid speeds between 50 and 38400. The
supported port speeds are: 50, 75, 110, 134, 150,
300, 600, 1200, 1800, 2000, 2400, 4800, 9600,
14400, 19200, 21600, 26400, 28800, 33600, and
38400 bits per second (baud). The device
connected to the port must be set to one of these
speeds. (Ports cannot autobaud at port speeds
above 38400 bps.
To autobaud the serial port, when your terminal is powered on, keep
pressing RETURN until the unit recognizes the terminal. When you do this,
the serial port adjusts to the communication speed of the terminal. (This
process is called autobauding.)
32
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Reinitializing/Powering Off the Unit
The MAXserver always stores permanent parameters (i.e., those parameters
that you change using the DEFINE or PURGE command) in local storage.
Some of the DEFINE SERVER Commands require that you reboot the
server for the changes to take effect. A complete listing of these server
commands are located in the Define Server section of Commands Reference
Guide. Always reboot the server using the INITIALIZE DELAY command to
prevent corruption of the parameter storage. Commands that require
reinitialization display the following message when you press the RETURN
key:
XYPLEX - 705 - CHANGE LEAVES APPROXIMATELY XXXXXXX BYTES FREE
These commands cannot be modified by a SET command, because the server
must redistribute memory resources for the feature during the boot-up
process.
Before you reinitialize, cycle power, or power off the unit, make sure that the
parameter storage process has completed or the permanent parameters may
be corrupted.
To reinitialize the unit, use the privileged command:
XYPLEX>> INITIALIZE DELAY 0
Issuing this command ensures that parameters have been stored before the
unit reinitializes.
Resetting the MAXserver
Before you power off the unit, use the following command to ensure that the
unit has completed storing parameters:
MONITOR PARAMETER SERVER
0038
33
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
The following screen displays:
Xyplex>> MONITOR PARAMETER SERVER
MX1620 V6.0.4S18 Rom 470000 HW 00.00.00 Lat Protocol V5.2 Uptime: 13 18:11:56
Address:
88-00-87-23-33-6B
Name:
X03346B
Number:
0
21 Dec 1998 10:24:45
Check Timer:
30
Parameter Server Limit:
4
Retransmit Timer:
5
Parameter Servers:
4
Retransmit Limit:
3
Rejected Servers:
39
Bad Parameter Messages:
0
Path:
Last Update Version:
Last Update Date:
Last Update Time:
Name
Local MemCard
Local NVS
102C5
07 Dec 1998
16:12:53
Address
88-00-87-23-33-6B
88-00-87-23-33-6B
Storage State:
Loaded From:
Idle
08-00-87-03-34-6B
X03346B
Version Date
Status
102C5 07 Dec 1998 16:12 Current
102C5 07 Dec 1998 16:12 Current
Reason
Figure 9 - Monitor Parameter Server Display
The storage process is completed when the “Status” column on this display
says “Current” for all parameter servers, and the “Storage State” field says
“Idle.” When these conditions are met, you can turn the unit off.You can
reset the MAXserver to force it to run a self test or to re-initialize the unit.
Before resetting the server, check the port lights to make sure that no
connections are in progress. All connections are terminated when the server
is reset.
To reset the MAXserver, follow these steps:
1. Make a simple "tool" from an ordinary paper clip by bending one end
outward. You need this tool to press the RESET button located behind
the MAXserver front panel.
2. Look for the small hole between the CONSOLE light and the light
labeled '1’ (see Figure 10).
34
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
X
XYPLEX MAXSERVER 1600
CARD
RUN LAN CONSOLE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
TERMINAL SERVER
Reset switch -- Press once to put the unit in reset state.
Press again to re-initialize the unit.
Figure 10 - RESET Switch Location
3. Use the paper clip tool to press the RESET button once. This halts all
MAXserver operations -- the server will no longer send or receive
network data or data from its connected devices. When the MAXserver
enters RESET state, all front panel lights illuminate.
4. Press the RESET button again. The MAXserver begins its self test.
·
If the MAXserver detects an error, the front panel lights illuminate
as described in the Troubleshooting section of this guide. This error
sequence continually repeats until the error is corrected or you
power off the MAXserver. During this time, no data is exchanged
over the Ethernet cable or server ports.
·
If the MAXserver does not detect an error, it will begin loading
software from the flash card or begin requesting a network load (if
no flash card is present). Once loaded, the MAXserver resumes
normal operations.
If your MAXserver does not behave in this manner, see the Troubleshooting
section for advice.
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35
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Connecting Other Devices
If you are connecting a modem, printer, plotter, host computer, or data
switch, refer to the following documentation for instructions, as follows:
Serial Printers, Plotters -- See the Printer Configuration Guide.
Modems, Data Switches – See the Basic Configuration Guide.
Host Ports – See the Basic Configuration Guide.
36
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Logging in to the Access Server
When your terminal is properly connected to the unit, turn its power ON,
then press <RETURN> (or ENTER) a few times -- until the unit recognizes
the terminal. When the unit responds, you see the following message on
your screen:
WELCOME TO THE XYPLEX ACCESS SERVER.
ENTER USERNAME>
Type your name, your initials, or a nickname, then press <RETURN>.
You can type up to 16 characters (numbers or letters). This name is your
identifier during this session. If you choose, you can change this information
each time you make a connection. It will be shown whenever you or any
other person on the network requests information about who is connected to
the unit.
After you enter your username, the unit returns the local command prompt:
XYPLEX>
To allow the system administrator to modify server and port settings, you
must be in privileged mode. To enter privileged mode, use the following
command:
XYPLEX> SET PRIVILEGED
The password prompt displays. Enter the default password “SYSTEM”. The
password is not case-sensitive.
PASSWORD> SYSTEM
Now the following prompt displays, which indicates you are now in
0038
37
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
privileged mode.
XYPLEX>>
See the Commands Reference Guide for the commands that require the user
to be in Privileged mode. The unit is now ready to accept any of the
commands described in the Commands Reference Guide. You can obtain onscreen information about the access server commands by typing HELP and
pressing <RETURN>:
XYPLEX>HELP
38
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Telneting into the Access Server Console Port
Do the following to telnet into the console port on an access server:
NOTE: You should issue both the DEFINE and SET commands
where they are indicated in the following procedure. Issuing
both the DEFINE and SET commands ensures that the
parameter change will take effect without rebooting the unit.
1. Configure the essential IP characteristics on the Access Server as
follows:
a. Configure the IP Address to be assigned to the access server:
define server ip address [ip-address]
set server ip address [ip-address]
b. Disable the Subnet Mask Autoconfigure feature. This disables the
access server’s ability to automatically define the natural subnet
mask based on the IP address assigned to the unit. For example,
the default subnet mask for a Class B network is 255.255.00. The
default setting for Subnet Mask Auto-configure is ENABLED. You
must disable the autoconfigure feature in order for the server to
save any other variable-length subnet mask.
Use the following commands to disable the Subnet Mask
Autoconfigure feature:
define server ip subnet mask autoconfigure disabled
set server ip subnet mask autoconfigure disabled
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39
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
c.
Configure the Subnet Mask for the access server. The subnet mask
must be consistent with the network on which the access server
will reside. Use the following commands:
define server ip subnet mask [ip-address]
set server ip subnet mask [ip-address]
d.
Configure the default first-hop Router/Gateway:
define server ip primary gateway address [ip-address]
set server ip primary gateway address [ip-address]
2. Specify Telnet Port 2000 when connecting remotely:
Be sure to specify telnet remote port# 2000 when trying to connect. If no
port/socket number is specified, then most Telnet applications will use
port 23 by default. Unless the Xyplex's console port has also been
redefined to port 23, then any attempts to Telnet into the server's
console port will be refused.
The current port setting on the access server is displayed in the “Remote
Port” field of the “show port 0 telnet characteristics” screen. Figure 11
shows a “show port 0 telnet characteristics” screen with the “Remote
Port” field set at 2000.
MX1620>> show port 0 telnet characteristics
Port 0:
admin
Abort Output Character:
None
Attention Character:
None
Default Port:
23
Echo Mode:
Character
Erase Keystroke Character:
None
Erase Line Character:
None
Interrupt Character:
None
TerminalType:
None
Tn3270 TranslationTable:
None
Local Port:
4000
05 Jan 2000
19:33:48
Newline:
CR/NULL
Newline Filtering:
None
Query Character:
None
Remote Port:
2000
Synchronize Character:
None
Transmit:
BuffTime 80
Binary Session Mode:
PASTHRU
Tn3270 Device:
None
Tn3270 Printer Port:
Any
Tn3270 Default Port:
23
Enabled Characteristics:
Figure 11 - Sample SHOW PORT 0 TELNET CHARACTERISTICS Display
40
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
If you are trying to telnet from one NBase-Xyplex device into another
NBase-Xyplex access server’s console port, the command you will use is:
telnet x.x.x.x:2000
where “x.x.x.x” represents the IP address of the destination access
server. For example, enter telnet 140.179.41.59:2000 to reach the
console port of the server having an IP address of 140.179.41.59.
NOTE: Port# 2000 must be specified when trying to remotely connect
to the access server. If no port/socket number is specified, then
most Telnet applications will use port 23 by default. Unless the
access server’s console port has also been redefined to port 23,
any attempts to Telnet into the server's console port will be
refused.
3. When you are connected to the access server, press the Enter key one
more time to display the login password prompt (#).
4. Type the default login password “access” at the # prompt, and press the
Enter key.
NOTE: The password is not echoed as you type.
5. If you entered the password correctly, the Enter username> prompt
will be displayed.
6. Enter any name at the Enter username> prompt, just as if you were
connected locally to one of the serial ports.
The Xyplex> prompt is now displayed.
0038
41
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Changing the Telnet Remote Port
While you are logged into a port in privileged mode, you can change the
telnet remote port on port 0 from 2000 to 23. Use the following commands:
define port 0 telnet remote 23
logout port 0
Now you can telnet to the IP without a socket number.
Passwords
The following passwords are the defaults the first time you use the
MAXserver.
·
To log on to the server at the # prompt, the default login password is
ACCESS.
·
To set privileged mode at the Xyplex> prompt, the default privilege
password is SYSTEM.
These passwords prevent persons who do not know them from accessing the
server. Change the default passwords to other values as part of your basic
server setup.
IMPORTANT
If you change the default password, make sure that the new
password is written down in a safe location. If you forget
the password, the server will need to be reset to factory
default settings.
42
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Login Password
When you enable the Login Password feature on a server port, a person
attempting to log on to that port must enter a password in order to gain
access. A single password is used at all ports where the feature is enabled.
The login password feature is optional. The server does not prompt for it
unless you enable it on a port.
Use the following command to enable the Login Password feature. The
feature is disabled by default.
DEFINE PORT
[port-list] PASSWORD ENABLED
Then define a password. The default login password is ACCESS. The
password can be between 1 and 16 characters. Enclose the password string
in quotes.
DEFINE/SET SERVER LOGIN PASSWORD "password"
Examples
Xyplex>> DEFINE PORT 1-8 PASSWORD ENABLED
Xyplex>> DEFINE SERVER LOGIN PASSWORD "login123"
Privilege Password
You must enter the privilege password to set a port to privileged mode. The
default password is SYSTEM. You can specify the privilege status of a port
where commands are issued. More than one port on an access server can be
privileged. Any user who knows the privileged password can use the SET
PRIVILEGED command.
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43
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
NBase-Xyplex recommends that you change the default password to restrict
access to the commands that:
·
Change the server’s settings
·
Affect other users’ ports
·
Affect access to destinations on the network
You might want to change the privilege password periodically, to limit the
number of users who can set privileged mode.
Use the following command to define the privilege password:
DEFINE SERVER PRIVILEGE PASSWORD "password"
The password you define with this command is what users must type in
order to use privileged server commands. The password can be between 1
and 16 characters. Enclose the password string in quotes. The default
password is SYSTEM. There can be only one privileged password per
server.
If you do not type the password on the command line, the system will
prompt you for a password. In this case, do not enclose the password in
quotation mark characters.
Example
Xyplex>> DEFINE SERVER PRIVILEGE PASSWORD "manager"
44
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Lost Passwords
NBase-Xyplex access servers are extremely secure. If you should lose your
password, reset the unit back to factory defaults and reconfigure as new.
New passwords should be properly maintained by the system administrator.
Time-Sensitive Passwords
With the time-sensitive password scheme, the user carries a security device
the size of a credit card. The device displays a periodically changing number
in an LCD display. When the user dials in and gives his or her user name,
the access server prompts for a password. The user enters the number
currently showing on the security card. To check the password, the access
server queries a local security server that is running the same algorithm as
the security card. If the passwords match, the user may then use the
network.
NBase-Xyplex remote access products support both dialback security and
time-sensitive passwords. Time-sensitive password protection is provided
using Security Dynamics' SecurID system.
See the Security Features section of the Advanced Congifuration Guide for
detailed information about changing the security default passwords.
0038
45
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Prompts
The local command mode prompt changes to indicate that the port is a
privileged port (unless the command is issued from a console port). For
example, the default local command mode prompt for a non-privileged port
is Xyplex>. The default local command mode prompt for a privileged port is
Xyplex>>.
Login Password Prompt
The Login Password prompt appears when a user attempts to log on to a
port where the Login Password feature is enabled. The default prompt is #
Use the following command to change the prompt:
DEFINE/SET SERVER LOGIN PROMPT “prompt-string”
Example
DEFINE SERVER LOGIN PROMPT “Login:”
Configurable Username and Password Prompts
You can define user name and password prompts for any port. To do this,
use the following command syntax:
DEFINE PORT [port-list] USERNAME PROMPT "string"
DEFINE PORT [port-list] PASSWORD PROMPT "string"
The default username/password prompt length is 26 characters. Enlcose the
prompt text in quotes.
46
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
The default values are, "Enter username>" and "Enter user
password>."
If the server booted from an existing parameter file, the username prompt is,
"Enter username>."
For the password prompt, the default value is "Enter user password>."
However, if SecurID is enabled on the port, the default password prompt is
"Enter PASSCODE:."
Use the SHOW PORT ALTERNATE CHARACTERISTICS command to
display the current prompt settings.
Xyplex>> SHOW PORT ALTERNATE CHARACTERISTICS
Port 4:
aa
17 Nov 1998
Resolve Service:
Any_Lat
Idle Timeout:
0
SLIP Address:
0.0.0.0
Remote SLIP Addr: 140.179.245.148
TCP Window Size:
256
DCD Timeout:
2000
Stop Bits:
1
TCP Keepalive Timer:
0
Nested Menu:
Disabled
Command Size:
80
Rlogin Transparent Mode: Disabled
Xon Send Timer:
0
Slip Autosend:
Disabled
APD Prompt:
Enabled
Username Prompt:
Password Prompt:
0038
18:50:08
DTR wait:
Disabled
Typeahead Size:
128
SLIP Mask:
255.255.255.255
Default Session Mode:
Interactive
Prompt:
MX1620
Dialback Timeout:
20
Script Login:
Disabled
Username Filtering:
None
Nested Menu Top Level:
0
Clear Security Entries:
Disabled
Login Duration:
0
TCP Outbound Address:
0.0.0.0
Radius Accounting:
Disabled
Enter username>
Enter user password>
47
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Privileges
Privilege levels determine which commands users can enter at server ports.
The server supports three privilege levels, described in Table 2. The default
privilege level for all ports is Nonprivileged.
Table 2 - Privilege Levels
Privilege Level
Description
Privilege
A user in privileged mode can issue all commands,
including those that change and monitor server and port
settings, and those that reboot and shut down the server.
(Many of the commands in this manual are only accepted
in privileged mode.) To set privileged mode, you must
enter the privilege password.
Nonprivilege
A user in nonprivileged mode cannot issue commands that
change and monitor the settings of the server or other
ports, or commands that reboot and shut down
the server.
Security
Secure ports accept certain nonprivileged commands,
including commands that establish sessions on the
network and display and change port settings.
Privileged Ports
A user at a nonprivileged port can set the port to privileged mode through
this command:
Xyplex> SET PRIVILEGE
Type the privileged password (password is not echoed by the terminal). The
default password is "ACCESS". The access server will then display the
privileged local command prompt.
Xyplex>>
48
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
The port will have privileged status. This means that the user at the port
can set or change operational and permanent parameters for the server, and
any or all ports, sessions, or services. When the port is logged out, it will
automatically return to a non-privileged status for the next user.
Nonprivileged Ports
To restore nonprivileged mode, issue this command:
Xyplex>> SET NOPRIVILEGE
The port will return to non-privileged status. This means that the user will
only be able to change parameters for the current port or session. This is the
default privilege level when connecting to a port.
Secure Ports
The Secure Privilege level might be appropriate for many ports. If you want
to limit the use of a port to commands that users need for normal daily work,
consider making the port secure by default. The Commands Reference Guide
describes commands that are available at secure ports only. Secure ports
accept commands that:
·
Establish sessions
·
Display information about the port and network destinations
·
Change some port settings
You can change the following port settings while in Secure mode:
0038
·
Session switching characters
·
Multisessions feature
·
TN3270 feature
49
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Secure ports do not accept commands that affect:
·
Server settings
·
Other user's ports
·
The accessibility of network destinations
Use the following command to change the privilege level to Secure. Unless
you set the default privilege level of a port to Secure through the following
command, a port has the Nonprivileged security level:
DEFINE/SET PORT[port-list]SECURITY ENABLED
50
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Flash Cards
This section describes how to use flash cards. Flash cards are
readable/writeable and can be updated to a newer software version. See the
Software Installation Guide for Xyplex Loaders for instructions. The
commands used to update flash cards are located in the Commands
Reference Guide.
You can perform the following tasks with the image file contained on the
flash card:
·
Copy the file to another card
·
Delete the files
·
Display the current status
·
Format the card
·
Load the image file
·
Terminate file updates
Loading the Image File
The DEFINE SERVER LOAD SOFTWARE command specifies the
CARD/XMOP/MOP filename that contains the software load image. You
specify this filename if CARD, XMOP, or MOP is enabled as a load protocol
for the software load image, and the load image name is different from the
default. The default software load image name for a MAXserver is
XPCSRV20. The CARD/XMOP/MOP load image filename appears in the
Server Loaddump Characteristics display shown in Figure 27.
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51
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Use the following command to load the image file:
DEFINE SERVER LOAD [PRIMARY] SOFTWARE “FILENAME”
[SECONDARY]
[TERTIARY]
Example
This example specifies XPCSRV20 as the filename for the secondary
initialization record.
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD SECONDARY SOFTWARE XPCSRV20
Changing the Software Image Filename
The software load image filename appears in the Software field on the
Loaddump characteristics display (see Figure 33). The default filename for
all MAXservers is XPCSRV20. The filenames apply to primary, secondary,
and tertiary initialization records.
Use the following command to specify a name for the software load image
file:
DEFINE SERVER LOAD [RECORD |ALL] SOFTWARE FILENAME
record
The primary, secondary, or tertiary initialization
record.
filename
The software load image filename.
Example
This example specifies the software load image filename for the
primary initialization record:
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY SOFTWARE XPCSRV20
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Copying Flash Cards
Use this command on units that have flash cards. You can copy the entire
contents of one card to another with this command.
XYPLES>> SET SERVER CARDCOPY
Deleting Flash Cards
Use this command on units that have flash cards. You can delete the entire
contents of a flash card.
XYPLEX>> SET SERVER CARDCOPY ERASE
CAUTION
DO NOT USE THIS COMMAND UNLESS YOU ARE ABSOLUTLEY
SURE THAT YOU WANT ALL CONTENTS DELETED.
Displaying the Flash Card Settings
Use this command to display the card’s current settings.
XYPLEX>> SHOW CARD STATUS
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53
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Xyplex > show card status
TS/720 V6.1 Rom 4C0000 HW 00.02.00 Lat Protocol V5.2 Uptime 0 10:25:35
Address:08-00-87-02-58-64
Name:X025864
Ethernet:A
Number:
0
04
Dec 1998
12:44:11
Card Status:
Card Type:
Device Type:
Card State:
Formatted / Write Enabled
Xyplex / FLASH2 / 2097152 bytes
Intel / 65536 bytes
Idle
Get File Host:
Get File Name:
Get File Area:
Get File Current State:
Get File Previous Status:
Idle
None
Parameter Area Updates:
25
Xyplex>
Field
Description
Card Status:
Formatted and write enabled.
Card Type:
Manufacturer - can be anyof the following:
-
Fujitsu
-
Micron
-
Mitsubishi NEC
-
NBase-Xyplex
-
Samsung
-
Toshiba
Flash = SERIES 1, Flash2 = SERIES 2
Size of Flash card
54
Card State:
Idle
Device Type:
Manufacturing and size of ROM chips on the Flash
card.
Get File Host:
Where you get file from.
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Get File Name:
Name of file.
Get File Area:
Area of flash card to put file.
Get File Current
State:
What the card is currently doing.
Get File Previous
State:
Did previous GET FILE succeed.
Parameter Area
Updates:
How many times the PARAM Area of the Flash card
was updated since the server was rebooted.
Updating Images
You must re-initialize the unit after updating the
card, if you want to use the new software version
immediately.
Use the following command to initiate and terminate flash card load image
updates.
SET SERVER GET CARD [LOADFILE] [“FILE-NAME”] IP ADDRESS [IP-ADDRESS] AREA [AREA-NUMBER]
ETHERNET ADDRESS [ETHER-ADDRESS] AREA [AREA-NUMBER]
[STOP]
Where
Means
LOADFILE
Loads the image file.
"file-name”
The image’s file name. Enclose the name in
quotes.
0038
IP ADDRESS
Location of stored file to GET.
STOP
Terminates the file loading process.
ETHERNET ADDRESS
Location of the stored file to GET
55
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
AREA
The area on the card where the image file is
located.
Depending on the file’s location, include either the IP address or Ethernet
address where the file is located.
NOTE: There is no Define command for this option.
Examples
SET SERVER GET CARD LOADFILE “xpcsrv20.sys” IP ADDRESS
140.179.192.110
SET SERVER GET CARD STOP
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Rebooting
Use the INITIALIZE SERVER command to reboot the access server, or to
cancel a previous INITIALIZE SERVER command. Using the INITIALIZE
command, the access server returns to a state which is exactly the same as if
you powered up the server (i.e., all settings are restored to the values
specified in the permanent database. Values specified using SET commands
are reset to the values in the permanent database, users are logged out, and
the server image is reloaded).
INITIALIZE DELAY Command
You can specify a delay period before the access server reboots. When you
issue the INITIALIZE command without specifying a delay period, the
access server broadcasts a warning to all ports notifying any users who are
logged on (the default is 1 minute). If you specify a delay time which is
between 2 and 29 minutes, the server will broadcast a warning immediately,
and then every minute for each of the last 5 minutes, until re-initialization.
If you specify a delay of 30 minutes or greater, the access server will
broadcast a message immediately, once every 30 minutes prior to reinitialization, and then once every minute for the last 5 minutes. These
messages are broadcast regardless of the BROADCAST setting. Broadcast
messages are only displayed at ports that have BROADCAST enabled.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
If you specify INITIALIZE DELAY 0,the server will reboot immediately
unless there are unsaved parameters, in which case you will receive the
"Warning Configuration Not Saved" error message (message 198). If you
specify INITIALIZE DELAY n with a delay value other than 0, and a user
changes a permanent parameter (i.e., uses a Define command) before n
minutes expire, the initialization is delayed until the parameters are saved.
If the parameter server cannot save the parameters, the user who entered
the Define command will receive the 198 error message, and the server will
not reboot.
Use the following command to reboot the server:
INITIALIZE SERVER DELAY [delay-time] [OVERRIDE]
or
INITIALIZE DELAY [delay-time]
Where
Means
SERVER
An optional keyword.
DELAY
Re-initialization to occur after a specified period of
time.
delay-time
How long the server will wait until the re-initialization
occurs. Valid values are 0 to 32767 minutes. The
default value is 1 minute.
OVERRIDE
The server will perform the initialization even if there
are unsaved parameters. If you do specify
"OVERRIDE" and parameters have only been partially
updated, the parameter file can become corrupted.
CANCEL
58
Cancel a previously issued INITIALIZE command.
0038
Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Examples
INITIALIZE DELAY 1
NITIALIZE SERVER DELAY 5
INITIALIZE SERVER DELAY 5 OVERRIDE
INITIALIZE CANCEL
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Cabling Considerations
NBase-Xyplex offers a family of products that support access serving
features. Each product can be connected to a variety of modems or other
devices through one of three wiring schemes (with 6, 7, or 8 wires) which
support different modem control and hardware flow control options. A
fourth wiring scheme, which is available on some products, uses 3 wires and
is not suitable for modem-based applications.
Standard cabling items available from NBase-Xyplex allow you to connect to
any serial device that uses a male or female DB-25 connector. All you need
is the appropriate modular cable (crossover cable for connecting to a DTE
device, straight-through cable for connecting to a DCE device), and the
correct modular adapter (male or female DB-25 connector), which is
essentially an RJ-45-to-DB25 adapter.
Ordering Cables
NBase-Xyplex also supplies DEConnect-compatible crossover cables and
modular adapters for use with all MAXserver units. To order cables,
adapters or other cabling accessories from NBase-Xyplex, contact your Sales
representative or distributor.
Cabling Types
Table 3 lists the cabling types and modem/flow control supported for each.
Table 3 - Cabling Types and Flow Control
Cabling
Type
6-wire
Modem
Control
Hardware
Flow
Control
X
NO
Products
MX-TSERV-J8, MX-TSRVM-J8,
and MX2120 Access Server cards.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
7-wire
X
NO
MAXserver 1100,1120,1500,1520,
1800, and 1820 Access Servers.
8-wire
X
X
MAXserver 800, 1600,1604, 1608,
1620, 1640 Access Servers.
Network 9000 Access Server 720
RJ-45 I/O Modules (Model 723).
See the Modems section of the Basic Configuration Guide for information
about modem control and setting up modems.
Modem Control/Hardware Flow Control
MAXserver serial ports can be set up to support RTS/CTS flow control. The
Basic Configuration Guide describes flow control options and explains how
to set up flow control at a port. The adapters shown in Figure 13 and 13
support RTS/CTS flow control. MAXserver serial ports can also be set up to
support modem control. The Basic Configuration Guide describes modem
control options and explains how to set up modem control at a port. The
adapter shown supports modem control, by supporting the RING signal.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
To use modem control or hardware flow control, you need an input control
signal and an output control signal for each. This is important to consider
when you decide which NBase-Xyplex unit to use for a particular
application, since different NBase-Xyplex units support different wiring
schemes, and some units might not have enough signals for the desired
application.
NBase-Xyplex cabling and software can be configured to use various
combinations of modem control, and hardware flow control. There are two
types of hardware flow control: DCD/DSR and RTS/CTS. DCD/DSR flow
control (referred to here as "standard" hardware flow control) is the type
that one would typically use with lower speed modems. RTS/CTS is used
with high speed modems (typically, these modems support CCITT V.42
operation). Only one type of hardware flow control can be used at a given
port. Modem control and DCD/DSR hardware flow control are mutually
exclusive (i.e., only one of these can be enabled at a given port). On 8-wire
interfaces, modem control can be used concurrently with RTS/CTS hardware
flow control.
NOTE:
You would use a "null-modem" cable when making a direct
connection between the serial ports of two access servers
(i.e., no modems involved) or other DTE device. For that
application, use a DTE-to-DTE cable, as described in the
hardware documentation supplied with your unit.
Making Your Own RJ-45 Cables
If you make your own cables, you should be very careful when using the
crimping tool. Make sure that the RJ-45 connector is fully inserted into the
die-set cavity of the crimping tool, and that the wire is fully inserted into the
RJ-45 connector, before crimping. The die set might be fragile, and could
break if the RJ-45 connector is not properly seated before you squeeze the
handle.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Also, NBase-Xyplex recommends that you use different colored wires for
straight-through and crossover cables, in order to keep track of the cable
type. For example, NBase-Xyplex recommends silver wire for making
crossover cables and black wire for making straight-through cables.
RJ-45 Wiring Considerations
You should give special consideration to the wiring scheme when connecting
a device such as a terminal to a MAXserver serial port. The MAXserver is
considered a DTE device. If you want to connect to another DTE device such
as a terminal that is also DTE, you will need a crossover wiring scheme
somewhere in the cabling. (Communication between DTE-to-DTE devices
requires a crossover.) When a DCE device is connected to a MAXserver
serial port, straight-through wiring is required.
To make a modular cable with a crossover, you need only crimp the RJ-45
connector in the same direction at both ends. This crosses all wires in the
cable. To make a modular straight-through cable, you need only crimp the
RJ-45 connector in opposite directions at both ends. Figure 12 shows the
crossover and straight-through wiring schemes.
The crossover connects the MAXserver transmit data (XMT) line to the
receive data (RCV) line of the user DTE device. Similarly, the MAXserver
receive data (RCV) line crosses over to the transmit data (XMT) line of the
user DTE device. The other signals are crossed over in a similar manner
(see Figure 12).
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
RJ-45
Connectors
Crossover Cable
RJ-45
Connectors
Straight Through Cable
Figure 12 - Crossover and Straight-through Wiring Schemes
Modular Adapters (RJ-45 to DB-25)
You can obtain adapters with male and female DB-25 connectors from
NBase-Xyplex. These adapters direct signals from the RJ-45 connector on
the cable to the correct pin on the DB-25 connector. Figure 13 and Figure 14
show how devices are cabled when you use these adapters.
Using Existing MAXserver 1000-series Cabling
The adapters shown in Figure 13 and are designed for use with all
MAXserver units. If you have existing MAXserver 1000-series cabling at
your site, the cabling can be used to connect MAXserver ports to DTE
devices -- provided you do not need to turn on RTS/CTS flow control at the
ports. If you plan to connect the unit to a DCE device, you should use one of
the adapters shown in Figure 14.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
MAXserver
Connector
Modular Adaptor
DTE Cable
Crossover Cable
Female
Male
Male
Female
RJ-45
RJ-45
RJ-45
RJ-45
Female
To DTE
DB-25
MAXserver
Connector
CTS/RING
DTR
XMT
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV
DSR *
RTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Male RJ-45
Connector
Male RJ-45
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Female RJ-45
Connector
Female DB-25
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DTE Device
Pin Signal
5
20
2
7
CTS
DTR
XMT
GND
3
8
6
4
RCV
DCD
DSR
RTS
Crossover Cable
* (See Note, Page 5.)
Adaptor Wiring - MX-350-0181
(Female RJ-45 to female DB-25)
Figure 13 - Adapter Wiring, MAXserver to DTE
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
MAXserver
Connector
Modular Adaptor
Modem Cable
Straight Through Cable
Female
RJ-45
Male
RJ-45
Male
RJ-45
Female
RJ-45
Male
DB-25
To Modem
(a) Supports RING:
MAXserver
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
CTS/RING
DTR
XMT
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV
DCD *
RTS
Male RJ-45
Connector
Male RJ-45
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Female RJ-45
Connector
Male DB-25
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DCE Device
Pin Signal
22
20
2
7
RING
DTR
XMT
GND
3
8
4
5
RCV
DCD
RTS
CTS
Straight Through Cable
Adaptor Wiring - MX-350-0179
(Female RJ-45 to male DB-25)
(b) Supports RTS/CTS:
MAXserver
Connector
CTS/RING
DTR
XMT
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV
DCD *
RTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Male RJ-45
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Male RJ-45
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Female RJ-45
Connector
Male DB-25 DCE Device
Connector Pin Signal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
5
20
2
7
CTS
DTR
XMT
GND
3
8
4
RCV
DCD
RTS
Straight Through Cable
Adaptor Wiring - MX-350-0180
(Female RJ-45 to male DB-25)
Figure 14 - Adapter Wiring, MAXserver to DCE
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
NOTES: In order to expand the functionality of the serial interface,
the MAXserver modular cabling allows you to connect
different signals to pin 7 of the MAXserver. (This pin is an
input to the MAXserver.) When a DCE device is connected
to a MAXserver serial port, the device's DCD output is
connected to pin 7. In this case, the signal at pin 7 is
referred to as DCD.
When a DTE device is connected to a MAXserver serial port,
the device's DTR output is connected to pin 7 of the
MAXserver. In this case, the signal at pin 7 is referred to as
DSR. (This cabling scheme also provides DECconnect
compatibility, since DECconnect does not support the DCD
signal.)
DEConnect RJ-45 Cables
DEConnect cables no longer available.
Figure 15 shows the DEConnect-compatible cables available from NBaseXyplex and shows how the cables are wired. The Male RJ-45 connector is
attached to the server. The MMJ connector attaches to the DEConnectcompatible device (DTE). The cable is a crossover cable that uses the six
inner pins of the server port and makes the signals available at the MMJ
connector. The cable is constructed using standard six-wire cable.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
DEConnect Crossover Cable
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Male RJ-45
Connector
Male MMJ
Connectors
RING/CTS
DTR
XMT
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV
DSR/DCD
RTS
6
5
4
3
2
1
DSR
RCV
RCVGND
XMTGND
XMT
DTR
Figure 15 - MAXserver DEConnect Cable
NOTE: If you have existing DEConnect cables that you want to use
with the MAXserver, the one-foot straight through cable
and the RJ-45 to MMJ adapter or modular adapter allow
you to use these cables without making any changes. You
can also use the male RJ-45 to female MMJ adapter.
Octopus Cables
An octopus cable fans out a single 50-pin male or female Telco connector, or
a 36-pin male or female Telco DEConnect connector, to eight male RJ-45
connectors. These cables enable you to connect a MAXserver's serial ports to
existing wiring in your facility. For example, you can use octopus cables to
connect the MAXserver's serial ports to a punch down block.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Figure 16 shows an octopus cable with a 50-pin Telco connector:
6'
Eight male RJ-45
connectors
50-pin Telco connector
(male or female)
Figure 16 - Octopus Cable with 50-pin Telco Connector
Figure 17 shows an octopus cable with a 36-pin female Telco DEConnect
connector. Figure 18 shows an octopus cable with a 36-pin male Telco
DEConnect connector.
6'
36-pin female Telco
DEConnectconnector
Eight male RJ-45
connectors
Figure 17 - Octopus Cable With 36-pin Female DEConnect Connector
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
6'
36-pin male Telco
DEConnect connector
Eight male RJ-45
connectors
Figure 18 - Octopus Cable With 36-pin Male DEConnect connector
Connecting to a Distribution Panel
By using two types of octopus cable, you can connect MAXserver serial ports
to a distribution panel that has DB-25 connectors. This enables you to adapt
modular cabling to NBase-Xyplex TSERV-style cabling. NBase-Xyplex offers
octopus cables that fan out a 50-pin Telco connector to 8 male or female DB25 connectors. These cables are available from NBase-Xyplex in 3', 10', and
50' lengths. You can connect the unit to the distribution panel via the two
octopus cables as shown in Figure 19. (You might need an extension cable to
connect the two cables.)
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Octopus cable: 8 DB-25
(male or female) to 50-pin
male Telco
MAXserver
1620/1640
Octopus cable: 8 RJ-45
to 50-pin female Telco
Distribution panel
Figure 19 - Connecting a MAXserver to DB-25 Distribution Panel
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
NBase-Xyplex 6-Wire Cabling
This cabling scheme provides XMT, RCV, DCD, DTR, RING, and ground
wires. Using this cabling scheme you can use either modem control or
hardware (DCD/DTR) flow control, but not both, since there are only three
control signals. This scheme is useful for applications which have simple
modem signalling requirements, such as:
·
Terminal emulation and file transfer applications (Kermit, Xmodem,
Microphone, etc).
·
Applications such as SLIP and PPP using low speed modems.
Figure 20 depicts the wiring that you would use to connect the serial port of
a NBase-Xyplex unit to a modem or other DCE device. For simplicity,
modular cables are shown in the figure; but there are other wiring options
available with this cabling scheme. (These are covered in more detail in the
hardware documentation supplied with your unit.) You can purchase
modular cables and adapters shown in the figure from NBase-Xyplex, or
make your own cables based on the wiring diagram.
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Modular Adaptor
Straight Through Cable
Communication
To Modem
Server Connector
Female RJ-12
Connector
Male RJ-12
Male RJ-12
Female RJ-12
Connector
Connector
Connector
1
2
1
2
DCD 3
RCV 4
GND 5
3
4
5
6
6
DTR
XMT
RING
Male DB-25
Connector
Modem connector
Pin Signal
1
2
20 •DTR
2 XMT
4
5
3
4
5
8
3
6
6
1
2
3
Straight Through Cable
DCD
RCV
7 GND
22 RING
4 RTS
5
CTS
Adaptor Wiring - MX-350-0157
(Female RJ-12 to male DB-25)
Figure 20 - Modular Cables for Connecting a Modem (6-Wire)
When using this cabling scheme, serial ports observe the DCD modem
control signal rather than the DSR modem control signal for modem control,
as well as DSRLOGOUT, SIGNAL CHECK, and hardware flow control
applications.
NBase-Xyplex 7-Wire Cabling
This cabling scheme provides XMT, RCV, DCD/DSR, DTR, RING, and
separate transmit and receive ground wires. This cabling is provided
through RJ-45 connectors (pin 8 of the connector is not used). Using this
cabling scheme you can use either modem control or hardware flow control,
but not both, since there are only 3 control signals.
This scheme is useful with the following applications:
·
0038
Terminal emulation and file transfer applications, such as Kermit,
Xmodem, Microphone, etc.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
·
Applications such as SLIP and PPP using low speed modems
·
Applications such as SLIP and PPP using high speed modems
Applications using CCITT V.42-compliant modems, or other devices
operating at high port speeds.
Figure 21 illustrates a wiring diagram that shows the needed cabling
to connect an access server serial port to a modem for most standard
applications (i.e., those which do not require RTS/CTS hardware flow
control). Figure 22 shows the wiring for applications which require
RTS/CTS flow control. You can purchase modular cables and
adapters shown in the figure from NBase-Xyplex, or make your own
cables based on the wiring diagram.
Standard Modem Connection
Communication
Server Connector
Female RJ-45
Connector
RING
DTR
XMT
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV
DCD
Not Used
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Modular Adaptor
Straight Through Cable
To Modem
Male RJ-45
Connector
Male RJ-45
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Female RJ-45
Connector
Male DB-25
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Straight Through Cable
Modem connector
Pin Signal
22
20
2
7
RING
•DTR
XMT
GND
3
8
6
4
5
RCV
DCD
DSR
RTS
CTS
Adaptor Wiring - MX-350-0187
(Female RJ-45 to male DB-25)
Figure 21 - Modular Cables for Connecting a Modem (7-Wire)
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RTS/CTS Modem Connection
Modular Adaptor
Straight Through Cable
Communication
Server Connector
Female RJ-45
Connector
To Modem
Male RJ-45
Connector
Male RJ-45
Connector
Female RJ-45
Connector
RING 1
DTR 2
XMT 3
XMTGND 4
RCVGND 5
RCV 6
DCD 7
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
4
5
6
7
8
8
8
4
5
6
7
8
Not Used
Male DB-25 Modem connector
Connector Pin Signal
22
4
2
RING
RTS
XMT
7
3
5
20
6
GND
8
Straight Through Cable
RCV
CTS
DTR
DSR
DCD
Adaptor Wiring - MX-320-0211
(Flow Control)
Figure 22 - Modular Cables for RTS/CTS Flow Control (7-Wire)
NBase-Xyplex 8-Wire Cabling
This cabling scheme provides XMT, RCV, DCD/DSR, DTR, RTS, CTS/RNG,
and separate transmit and receive ground wires. This cabling is provided
through RJ-45 connectors. Using this cabling scheme you can concurrently
use modem control and RTS/CTS hardware flow control, since there are
four control signals. This scheme is useful with relatively high speed
devices, complex modem control applications.
In Figures 22 and 23, one signal is referred to as CTS/RING. The CTS/RING
signal designation refers to the signal observed at pin 1 of each serial port.
Pin 1 is multiplexed to these signals. Depending on the software
configuration, you can use this pin as either CTS or RING, but not both at
the same time.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
This scheme is useful with the following applications:
·
Terminal emulation and file transfer applications, such as Kermit,
Xmodem, Microphone, etc.
·
Applications such as SLIP and PPP using low speed modems.
·
Applications such as SLIP and PPP using high speed modems.
·
Applications using CCITT V.42-compliant modems, or other devices
operating at high port speeds.
·
AppleTalk Remote Access (ARAP) applications
Standard Modem Connection
Straight Through Cable
Communication
Server Connector
Female RJ-45
Connector
CTS/RING
DTR
XMT
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV
DCD
RTS
Modular Adaptor
To Modem
Male RJ-45
Connector
Male RJ-45
Connector
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
4
5
6
7
8
4
5
6
7
8
Female RJ-45
Connector
Modemconnector
Male DB-25
Connector Pin Signal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
22
20
2
7
RING
DTR
XMT
GND
3
8
4
5
RCV
DCD
RTS
CTS
Straight Through Cable
Adaptor Wiring - MX-350-0179
(Female RJ-45 to male DB-25)
Figure 23 - Modular Cables for Connecting a Modem (Eight-Wire)
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RTS/CTS Modem Connection
Straight Through Cable
Communication
Server Connector
Female RJ-45
Connector
CTS/RING
DTR
XMT
XMTGND
RCVGND
RCV
DCD
RTS
Modular Adaptor
To Modem
Male RJ-45
Connector
Male RJ-45
Connector
Female RJ-45
Connector
Modemconnector
Male DB-25
Connector Pin Signal
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
5
20
2
4
5
6
7
8
4
5
6
7
8
4
5
6
7
8
4
5
6
7
8
7
CTS
DTR
XMT
GND
3
8
4
RCV
DCD
RTS
Straight Through Cable
Adaptor Wiring - MX-350-0180
(Female RJ-45 to male DB-25)
Figure 24 - Modular Cables for RTS/CTS Flow Control (Eight-Wire)
NBase-Xyplex 3-Wire Cabling
This cabling scheme provides XMT, RCV, and ground wires. This cabling
scheme is used with NBase-Xyplex MX-TSERV-J16 and MX-TSRVL-J16
ACCESS SERVER cards. This wiring scheme can only be used for
applications which do not require modem control signalling.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Pin Assignments
Ethernet Transceiver Cable
Figure 25 shows the standard 15-pin AUI connector signal assignments.
8
1
15
9
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Chassis Ground
Collision +
Transmit +
Chassis Ground
Receive +
Power Return
Not Used
Not Used
Collision Transmit Chassis Ground
Receive Power (+12Vdc)
Chassis Ground
Not Used
Figure 25 - Ethernet 15-Pin AUI Connector Assignments
10Base-T Connector
Figure 12 shows the standard 10Base-T (RJ-45 jack) connector signal
assignments.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
12345678
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
6
TD+
TDRD+
RD-
Figure 26 - 10Base-T Connector Assignments
RJ-45 and DB-25 Pins
Figure 27 shows RJ-45 and DB-25 pin assignments.
1
14
13
25
12345678
87654321
RJ-45 Jack
(Female)
13
RJ-45 Plug
(Male)
25
DB-25
(Female)
1
DB-25
(Male)
Figure 27 - RJ-45, DB-25 Pins
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Using the Configuration Menu
This section explains each parameter in an intialization record and how to
change the configuration parameters for the access server using the
Configuration Menu, or you can enter the appropriate command at the
Xyplex prompt instead of using the menus. Most of the time, the default
values in initialization records load software automatically, so often you do
not have to change them.
Each access server provides Initialization Configuration software that you
use to:
·
View current settings of initialization parameters and change the
settings when necessary.
·
Change the protocol used to load parameters.
·
Change the protocol used to receive a software load image, or change the
name of the load image that it requests.
·
Change the protocol used to transmit dump files.
·
Instruct the operating software, once loaded, to initialize server and port
parameters.
·
Configure multiple initialization (load/dump) configurations.
·
Change the unit’s memory settings whenever you add or remove memory
(SIMMs).
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·
Reset the parameter initialization records to default factory settings.
·
Rename the software image load file.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
Loading Software Image and Parameters
When you initialize an access server, it obtains the software load image and
parameter file using the information in an initialization record. The NVS for
the access server maintains three initialization records. The access server
first attempts to load software using the information in the primary
initialization record, if it is enabled. If it cannot load successfully, it
attempts to load using the information in the secondary initialization record,
if it is enabled. Finally, if it cannot load successfully using the secondary
initialization record, it attempts to use the information in the tertiary
initialization recordif it is enabled. If all three attempts fail, the access
server begins this sequence again with the primary initialization record.
You can load the initialization parameters from any of the following
locations:
·
From a flash card installed in the unit’s flash card slot that contains the
appropriate load image.
·
From a host system that has the access server software installed, if a
card is not present or the appropriate image is not on the card.
·
A MAXserver unit or a Network 9000 module that has a flash card with
the appropriate load image.
Displaying Load Status Messages
You might want to disable this feature during the software loading process if
a device such as a bar code reader, which cannot interpret status messages,
is connected to a serial port.
Use the LIST SERVER LOADDUMP CHARACTERISTICS command to
display the current status of the status message.
Use the following command to enable or disable the loading of status
messages.
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DEFINE SERVER LOAD STATUS MESSAGE [ENABLED]
[DISABLED]
Where
Means
ENABLED
Status messages display during the loading process. This
is the default.
DISABLED
Status messages will not display during the loading
process.
Example
DEFINE SERVER LOAD STATUS MESSAGE DISABLED
Loading Protocols
The default protocols are tried in the following order: Flash Card,, Directed
TFTP, XMOP, BOOTP/TFTP, MOP, and RARP/TFTP. The protocols are:
·
Flash Card - For MAXservers, use FlashCard (card) to load image only.
·
Use XMOP for loading from a NBase-Xyplex load server.
·
Use MOP for loading from a VAX/VMS host.
·
Use BOOTP, RARP, and DTFTP (Directed Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
for loading from a UNIX host. Typically, you only need to use DTFTP
when loading across a router or when the load host does not support
BOOTP or RARP.
You can change the default value for many prompts. The first time you run
the Configuration Menu, the default value shown is the factory default
value. After you exit from the Configuration Menu, having saved changes,
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the default value shown for a prompt is the currently stored value, not the
factory default value.
NOTE:
NBase-Xyplex Access Servers cannot load from a
DEC Info Server or any other device that does not
support loading via DEC MOP V3 using all 5
parameters (Including the fifth parameter, which is
the Host date/time stamp) for "Parameter Load with
Transfer Address" using MOP.
Accessing the Configuration Menu
To access the Configuration menu, follow these steps:
1. Using a straightened paper clip, press the RESET switch once to enter
reset mode. (Figure 4 shows the location of the switch.) All lights on the
front panel should illuminate.
2. Press the RESET switch again, and hold the switch in. With the switch
held in, observe the port lights. The port lights should first go off then
light in sequence from left to right. Then all lights will go off in
sequence from left to right. Then port lights 9 and 10 will go on (for
MAXserver 1620/1640; ports lights 7 and 8 for the MAXserver 1608A,
1608B, and 1604). When this sequence has completed, you can release
the RESET switch. Next, the unit performs the standard self-test
diagnostics, as shown by lights 8 through 1 being turned on in sequence.
(The self test requires about 20 seconds to complete.)
3. When the RUN light flashes rapidly (indicating that the self test has
completed), autobaud any serial port by pressing RETURN a few times
at a terminal connected to the port. Once the serial port has selected a
port speed, it generates a message that is similar to the following:
CONFIGURATION IN PROGRESS. PLEASE WAIT.
4. Type the password "ACCESS" (note that there is no prompt) and press
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
RETURN. The unit displays the menu shown in Figure 28.
Welcome to the Configuration Menu.
Access server Configuration Menu
1.
2.
3.
4.
S.
X.
Display unit configuration
Modify unit configuration
Initialize server and port parameters
Revert to stored configuration
Exit saving configuration changes
Exit without saving configuration changes
Enter menu selection [X]:
Figure 28 - Access Server Configuration Menu
About the Configuration Menu
At the "Enter menu selection" prompt of the Access Server Configuration
Menu, type the number corresponding to the configuration action you want
to perform, then press RETURN. (The default choice is X -- exit without
saving configuration changes.) The sections that follow describe each option
in detail.
After you exit from the Configuration Menu, the unit loads software and
parameters.
For each prompt shown in the Configuration Menu, the default choice is
shown in square brackets, [ ]. For example, [A] indicates that "A" is the
default choice for a prompt. Press RETURN to select the default choice.
Display Configuration
The Display Configuration option lets you view a list of the current
configuration values and the new values that will be used after you exit from
the menu and save the changes.
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To Display the Unit Configuration Menu, complete the following steps:
1. Type 1 at the "Enter menu selection" prompt on the Access server
Configuration Menu and press Return. The unit displays the Display
Unit Configuration Menu, as shown in Figure 29.
Display Unit Configuration Menu
1.
2.
3.
M.
X.
Initialization record #1 (Enabled)
Initialization record #2 (Disabled)
Initialization record #3 (Disabled)
Miscellaneous unit configuration
Exit to main menu
Enter menu selection [X]:
Figure 29 - Display Unit Configuration Menu
Displaying Initialization Records
When you initialize a MAXserver Series access server, it obtains the
software load imageand parameter file using the information in an
initialization record. The for the access server maintains three initialization
records. The access server first attempts to load software using the
information in the primary initialization recordif it is enabled. If it cannot
load successfully, it attempts to load using the information in the secondary
initialization record, if it is enabled. If this fails, it attempts to use the
information in the tertiary initialization recordif it is enabled. If all three
attempts fail, the access server begins this sequence again with the primary
initialization record.
You can create up to three unique "initialization configurations" (also called
initialization records), numbered 1 (primary), 2 (secondary), and 3 (tertiary).
(In this case, initialization refers to loading both image and parameters.)
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If for any reason there are no service offers for loading and/or dumping made
as a result of the first (primary) initialization configuration, the unit will try
the secondary initialization configuration. If there are no service offers from
that configuration, the unit will try the third (tertiary) initialization
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
configuration. If there are still no service offers, the unit will wait and then
try again, beginning with the primary configuration. Only the primary
default initialization configuration is enabled at the factory.
To display the settings for an initialization record, complete the following
steps:
1.
Type 1, 2, or 3 at the Display Unit Configuration Menu. The menu
displays a list of currently stored configuration values and the new
configuration values for the specified initialization configuration as
shown in Figure 30.
Stored Configuration
New Configuration
Status:
Enabled
Enabled
Image load method:
RARP
Parameter load method:
RARP
Dump method:
CARD/XMOP/MOP filename:
Default unit IP addr:
DTFTP host IP addr:
DTFTP gateway IP addr:
DTFTP filename:
CARD XMOP MOP BOOTP RARP
CARD XMOP MOP BOOTP
NVS XMOP MOP BOOTP RARP
NVS XMOP MOP BOOTP
XMOP MOP BOOTP RARP
XPCSRV20
0.0.0.0
N/A
N/A
N/A
XMOP MOP BOOTP RARP
XPCSRV20
0.0.0.0
N/A
N/A
N/A
(Type any key to continue)
Figure 30 - Sample Unit Configuration Display
Figure 30 shows how this display might appear for an enabled initialization
configuration (the values shown here are those of the factory default
initialization configuration).
2. Press any key to return to the Display Unit Configuration Menu.
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Displaying Miscellaneous Unit Configurations
The Miscellaneous Unit Configuration option lets you view the current and
new configuration information for the following configuration values:
·
Whether the unit is configured to load status messages
·
The amount of memory configured
·
The amount of memory found by the unit
To display miscellaneous configuration settings, complete the following
steps:
1. Type M at the "Enter menu selection" prompt on the Display Unit
Configuration Menu and press Return. The unit displays a screen
containing information similar to Figure 31.
Stored Configuration
Load status messages:
Memory installed:
(Found 2 Megabytes)
Enabled
2 Megabytes
New Configuration
Enabled
4 Megabytes
(Type any key to continue)
Figure 31 - Sample Miscellaneous Configuration Display
2. Press any key to return to the Display Unit Configuration Menu.
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Loading and Dumping Protocols
Each initialization record has several loading and dumping protocols
enabled by default if the access server attempts to obtain software and
parameters from the network.The enabled protocols determine where the
access server obtains the files. Table 4 lists the enabled protocols.
Table 4 - Enabled Protocols
Enabled Protocol
Files Obtained From Host/Loader
XMOP
Xyplex loader
MOP
VAX/VMS host
RARP, BOOTP, DTFTP
UNIX host
Displaying the Software Load Host
Use the SHOW/MONITOR SERVER STATUS command to display the name
and location of the software load host if the access server obtained the
software load image from the network.
Displaying the Parameter Server
Use the SHOW/LIST/ MONITOR PARAMETER SERVER command to
display the name and location of the parameter server.
By default, all available dump protocols and parameter file protocols are
enabled, and all available software load image protocols are enabled except
DTFTP. Table 5 lists the available protocols for each process.
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Table 5 - Default Protocols
Software Load Image
CARD (default)
XMOP
MOP
BOOTP
RARP
DTFTP*
Parameter File
NVS (default)
XMOP
MOP
BOOTP
RARP
Dump file
XMOP
MOP
BOOTP
RARP
*Not enabled by default.
The access server first attempts to load software from the flash card using
the CARD protocol, because this is the default. If a card is not present, it
searches for the load image using protocols in the order in which they appear
on the screen: XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP, and DTFTP, if it is enabled.
When the access server attempts to send information to a dump server, it
first attempts to use XMOP, then MOP, BOOTP, and RARP.
Directed Trivial File Transfer Protocol (DTFTP)
The DTFTP (Directed Trivial File Transfer Protocol) information display on
the screen only when DTFTP is listed as an Image load method. (Typically,
you only need to use this when loading across a router or when the load host
does not support BOOTP or RARP.) Similarly, the CARD/XMOP/ MOP load
filename is present when CARD, XMOP, or MOP is listed as an Image load
method.
Using the CARD, NVS, XMOP and MOP Protocols
The access server uses the CARD, NVS, XMOP, and MOP protocols to search
for a software load image or parameter file on a particular location
determined by the protocol.
NOTE:
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The CARD and NVS protocols do not apply to dump files,
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
because NBase-Xyplex flash cards do not function as dump
servers due to size limitation. The NVS protocol is also not
applicable to load image files.
The XMOP and MOP Protocols
The XMOP and MOP protocols look for a software load image file, a
parameter file, or a dump server. The access server first attempts to use
XMOP and then MOP. The XMOP and MOP protocols can send diagnostic
information to a dump server.
The Xyplex Maintenance Operations Protocol (XMOP) looks for the files on a
Xyplex loader on the network. See the Software Installation Guide for
Xyplex Loader Kits for more information about how to use XMOP.
The Digital Equipment Corporation Maintenance Operations Protocol (MOP)
looks for software load image and the parameter file on a Digital Equipment
Corporation host running the MOP protocol. The access server can also use
MOP to send information to a dump server. See the Software Installation
Guide for VMS Kits for information about how to configure a MOP host.
Modify Unit Configuration
The Modify Unit Configuration option is where you can:
90
·
Change how the unit loads its software
·
Change the name of the load image that it requests, if any
·
Change how the unit requests parameter service and dumps memory
·
Specify the total configured memory
·
Enable/disable load status messages
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
To modify the access server configuration, complete the following steps:
1. Type 2 at the "Enter menu selection" prompt of the Access server
Configuration Menu. The unit displays the Modify Unit Configuration
Menu, as shown Figure 32.
Modify Unit Configuration Menu
1.
2.
3.
M.
D.
X.
Initialization record #1 (Enabled)
Initialization record #2 (Disabled)
Initialization record #3 (Disabled)
Miscellaneous unit configuration
Set unit configuration to defaults
Exit to main menu
Enter menu selection [X]:
Figure 32 - The Modify Unit Configuration Menu
2. If you select either 1, 2, or 3 the unit prompts you for a response. The
record number displayed depends on which initialization configuration
(1,2,or 3) you choose to modify):
SET INITIALIZATION RECORD #1 TO DEFAULTS (Y,N) [N]?
SET INITIALIZATION RECORD #2 TO DEFAULTS (Y,N) [N]?
SET INITIALIZATION RECORD #3 TO DEFAULTS (Y,N) [N]?
If you type ‘Y’ - The unit returns all configuration options to their
factory default values. See Table 1 for the factory default settings.
If you type N - The unit displays one of the following prompts (depending
on which initialization record you choose to modify):
ENABLE INITIALIZATION RECORD #1 (Y,N) [Y]?
ENABLE INITIALIZATION RECORD #2 (Y,N) [Y]?
ENABLE INITIALIZATION RECORD #3 (Y,N) [Y]?
3. Valid answers to this prompt are Y (Yes) and N (No).
‘Y’ - Enables the specified initialization configuration. Press any key to
return to the Modify Unit Configuration Menu.
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‘N’ - Disables the specified initialization configuration and lets you
create your own configuration. See “Creating a Customized
Configuration” to continue.
Creating a Customized Configuration
This section explains how to create a custom configuration for the
MAXserver access server. You can customize the following values for up to
three initialization records:
·
Enable all image loading types or only specific methods (e.g., CARD,
DTFTP, RARP)
·
Enable all parameter loading methods or only specific parameter loading
methods (e.g., NVS, XMOP, MOP)
·
Enable all dumping methods or only specific dumping methods (e.g.,
XMOP, TFTP, BOOTP)
·
Define a load file name (if you selected Card, XMOP or MOP loading
methods)
·
Define IP addresses for the unit, host and gateway (if you selected TFTP
as the loading method)
Defining the Image Loading Method
You can change the method the MAXserver uses to load its software. For
example, you can configure the unit to load exclusively from a specific type
of load server or from the flash card only. Use the Access server
Configuration menu to change the software loading method. Alternatively,
you can use DEFINE SERVER commands to change the software loading
method. (See Command Line Interface section of this guide for a description
of the commands you can use at the Xyplex> prompt to display, monitor and
define the unit’s configuration.
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The following table lists the factory-default protocol settings:
Table 6 - Default Protocols
Software Load Image
Parameter File
Dump file
CARD
XMOP
MOP
BOOTP
RARP
DTFTP*
NVS
XMOP
MOP
BOOTP
RARP
XMOP
MOP
BOOTP
RARP
*Not enabled by default.
Software Load Images
The following load image protocols are enabled at the factory.
·
CARD indicates the flash card
·
XMOP indicates another Xyplex loader
·
MOP indicates a VAX/VMS host
·
RARP, BOOTP and DTFTP indicate UNIX hosts.
Each initialization record has several loading and dumping protocols
enabled by default if the access server attempts to obtain software and
parameters from the network.
Enabling/Disabling Image Loading Protocols
The unit displays the following prompt:
Enable ALL methods for image loading (Y,N) [N]?
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The following table lists the six methods available for loading images.
Table 7 - Image Loading Methods
Loads softare from¼
Method
C
Flash card.
D
TFTP.
X
Xyplex MAXserver Manager or from another unit that has
a flash card and the proper load image.
M
DEC MOP loader protocol.
B
BOOTP host
R
RARP.
‘Y’ - All software loading methods will be used. Proceed to the next section
to continue the configuration
‘N ‘ - You are selecting specific method(s). The configuration menu prompts:
Toggle (CARD,DTFTP,XMOP,MOP,BOOTP,RARP) image load methods
[C,D,X,M,B,R]:
NOTE:
Host setup activity is required for MOP, BOOTP, and RARP
protocols.
1. Select specific protocol(s) by removing letters from or adding letters to
the brackets. To remove a letter, type the letter and press RETURN.
The prompt reappears; however, the letter you typed does not appear
within the brackets. To add a letter to those within the brackets, type
the letter and press RETURN. The prompt reappears and the letter you
typed is included within the brackets.
2. Press RETURN again, the unit prompts you to enable parameter loading
methods. Proceed to the next section to continue.
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Defining Parameter Loading Methods
This section describes how to specify the unit’s parameter loading methods.
All MAXserver units are configured at the factory to store configuration data
(parameters) locally in Non-volatile storage (NVS). Alternatively, you can
use DEFINE SERVER commands to change the parameter loading method.
See the Commands Reference Guide for a complete listing of DEFINE
SERVER commands.
As an option, you can configure the unit to load parameters from a network
host, called a parameter server, using the Access server Configuration
Menu.
Once you have selected the image loading methods and pressed Return, the
unit displays the following prompt:
Enable ALL methods for parameter loading (Y,N) [Y]?
‘Y’ - All methods are selected.
‘N’ - You can select specific method(s). The configuration menu prompts:
Toggle (NVS,XMOP,MOP,BOOTP,RARP)parameter load methods
[N,X,M,B,R]:
The valid methods are listed in the following table. You can select up to four
loading methods.
Table 8 - Parameter Loading Methods
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Value
Stores and Loads Parameters
N
From Non-volatile storage (NVS) located within
the unit.
X
At a MAXserver Manager or or from another
unit that has a flash card and the proper load
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
image.
M
B (Bootstrap Protocol)
R (RARP
From the MOP -DEC Maintenance Operations
Protocol (DEC MOP) loader protocol.
At a BOOTP/TFTP host.
From Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
(RARP/TFTP).
1. Select specific protocol(s) by removing letters from or adding letters to
the brackets. To remove a letter, type the letter and press RETURN.
The prompt reappears, however, the letter you typed does not appear
within the brackets. To add a letter to those within the brackets, type
the letter and press RETURN. The prompt reappears and the letter you
typed is included within the brackets.
2. When the letters within the brackets represent all the protocols you
want to use, press RETURN. The unit then redisplays the prompt
showing the protocols you specified. Press RETURN again. The unit
prompts you to define dumping methods. Proceed to the next section to
continue the configuration.
Defining Dumping Methods
This section describes how to define the unit’s dumping methods.. Once you
have selected the parameter loading methods and pressed RETURN, the
unit displays the following prompt:
Enable ALL methods for dumping (Y,N) [Y]?
1. Type Y to select all methods, or type N to select specific method(s). The
valid methods are listed in Table 9. You can select up to four dumping
methods.
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Table 9 - Dumping Methods
Value
Description
X
Dumps its memory contents to a MAXserver
Manager when a crash occurs (you cannot
enable dumping to a flash card).
M
Dumps memory contents via the DEC MOP
loader protocol.
B
Dumps memory contents at a BOOTP host.
R
Dumps memory contents via RARP.
2. If you choose to use a specific method(s), the configuration menu
prompts:
TOGGLE (XMOP,MOP,BOOTP,RARP)DUMP LOAD METHODS [X,M,B,R]:
3. Select specific methods(s) by removing letters from or adding letters to
the brackets. To remove a letter, type the letter and press RETURN.
The prompt reappears, however, the letter you typed does not appear
within the brackets. To add a letter to those within the brackets, type
the letter and press RETURN. The prompt reappears and the letter you
typed is included within the brackets.
4. When the letters within the brackets represent all the protocols you
want to use, press RETURN.
5. If you selected the CARD, XMOP, or MOP loading method(s), proceed to
“Defining the CARD/XMOP/MOP Image Filename” to continue the
configuration. If you selected BOOTP, TFTP or RARP as your loading
method, proceed to “Defining IP Addresses” to continue the
configuration.
Defining The CARD/XMOP/MOP Image Filename
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This section describes how to define the image filename if you selected
CARD, XMOP or MOP as the loading method. Once you have selected the
dumping methods and pressed RETURN, the unit displays the following
prompt (if you selected CARD, XMOP or MOP as the unit’s loading method).
CARD/XMOP/MOP IMAGE FILENAME (16 CHARACTERS MAX)
[XPCSRV20]:
1. Enter a file name or a numerical value. The valid responses are as
follows:
Valid filenames
Valid filenames consist of up to 16 characters, which can be letters and
numbers, the underscore character (_), the hyphen character (-), and the
period (.) character. The default load file name is XPCSRV20. (The actual
name of the load file is XPCSRV20.SYS.)
Numerical Values
In place of a filename, you can specify a numerical value. A numerical value
specifies to a Xyplex loader (another unit which has a flash card and the
proper load image, or a MAXserver Manager card) that it should determine
the appropriate load file based on:
·
The requesting unit's hardware type, or
·
A node entry in the client database of a Xyplex loader.
You can also use numerical values to specify that a MOP (Maintenance
Operations Protocol) loader is to determine the appropriate load file based
on information contained in the NCP (Network Control Program) database.
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Valid numerical values consist of the pound-sign character (#) and a number
in the range of 0 through 128. Xyplex load servers respond to the numbers 1
through 5. The following table describes these values.
Table 10 - Image File Naming Conventions
Numerical Value
1
2 through 4
5
6 through 128
Description
Allows you to specify a load file name via the NCP
commands at a VAX/VMS load server, or via client
entries on a Xyplex loader. This is the default.
Reserved for use by NBase-Xyplex
Requires a load server to ignore the load request -unless the load server's client database contains a
node entry for the requesting access server. (The
numerical value 5 is useful when you want to require
that a specific load server be used to load the unit.)
Undefined.
2. Enter a valid filename and press RETURN. The unit returns you to the
Access server Configuration Menu. This completes the configuration of
the access server.
3. If you enabled all image loading protocols or specified TFTP as the
loading protocol, proceed to “Defining IP Addresses.”
Defining IP Addresses
If you enabled all image loading protocols or specified DTFTP as the loading
protocol, you must supply a non-zero Internet address for the unit, load host
and gateway (if the load host is not on the same network as the unit.
If Directed TFTP is enabled, the following prompt appears:
ENTER UNIT IP ADDRESS [0.0.0.0]:
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1. Enter the access server’s IP address, or press RETURN to accept the
default address, 0.0.0.0. You must supply a non-zero IP address if you
have specified all image loading protocols or DTFTP as an image loading
method.
2. Enter the load host’s IP address, or press RETURN to accept the default
address, 0.0.0.0. You must supply a non-zero IP address if you have
specified all image loading protocols or DTFTP as an image loading
method.
ENTER HOST IP ADDRESS [0.0.0.0]:
3. If the load host is not on the same network as the unit, enter the
Internet address of a gateway.
ENTER GATEWAY IP ADDRESS [0.0.0.0]:
4. Enter the name of the file to load (max. 64 characters).
ENTER TFTP LOAD FILENAME []:
5. After you have specified a filename and pressed the RETURN key, the
menu prompts:
(TYPE ANY KEY TO CONTINUE)
6. Press any key to return to the Modify Unit Configuration Menu
Miscellaneous Unit Configuration
The Modify Unit Configuration Menu, is where you can change the following
unit settings:
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·
Enable/Disable Status Message display.
·
Configure the amount of memory installed in the unit.
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Enabling/Disabling Status Message Display
To enable or disable loading status messages, complete the following steps:
1. Type M at the Enter Menu Selection prompt on the Access server
Configuration menu and press RETURN. The unit prompts:
DISPLAY LOAD STATUS MESSAGES (Y,N) [Y]:
2. To disable load status messages, enter ‘N’. Otherwise, leave the default
(Y) intact.
NOTE: You might want to prevent the unit from generating
status messages during the software loading process,
if a device such as a bar code reader, which cannot
interpret status messages, is connected to a serial
port.
Memory Configuration
To configure the amount of memory in the MAXserver, complete the
following steps after enabling/disabling load status messages. The
configuration menu prompts:
TOTAL INSTALLED MEMORY IN MEGABYTES (4,6,8) [4]:
The prompt indicates the amount of installed memory for which the unit has
been configured. If you remove memory, you must change this value.
(Preferably, you should change this value before you remove the memory.)
Also, if you have enabled more software features than the unit can support
with the reduced memory, you will not be able to re-initialize the unit after
you remove the SIMMs. If this happens, you must re-install the SIMMs and
configure the TCP/IP-LAT software image for fewer features.
SIMMs should only be installed or removed by qualified personnel. See the
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instructions later in this guide to install and remove SIMM modules.
The unit automatically detects added memory. Therefore, you do not need to
increase the "installed memory" value when you install additional memory.
If you want to increase the value, install the additional memory first. If you
do, the unit will generate the following warning message:
WARNING: AFTER SAVING THE NEW CONFIGURATION, YOU MUST
TURN THE UNIT OFF AND INSTALL THE ADDITIONAL MEMORY
SPECIFIED (X MB).
(TYPE ANY KEY TO CONTINUE)
NOTE:
This message displays only while you are using the
Configuration menu.
Also, the MAXserver front panel lights will flash an error code the next time
the unit is initialized, if you have not yet installed the memory.
2. Press any key. The unit returns you to the Modify Unit Configuration
Menu.
Resetting the Unit’s Load and Dump Protocols to Factory Defaults
The “Set Unit Configuration to Defaults” menu option lets you reinitialize all
of the unit’s initialization records to the factory default settings. See Table 5
for the factory default settings.
NOTE:
102
This option will not reset the server and port parameters to
default values. (See “Initializing Server and Port
Parameters” for information on resetting the the server and
port parameters to default values.)
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To choose this option, complete the following steps:
1. Enter ROM configuration mode. At the # prompt, enter the word
access.
The Terminal Server Configuration Menu is displayed.
2. Choose Option 2 (“Modify Unit Configuration”) from the Terminal Server
Configuration Menu.
3. Type D at the Enter menu selection prompt on the Modify Unit
Configuration Menu and press RETURN. The unit displays the following
prompt:
INITIALIZE ALL CONFIGURATION DATA FOR THIS UNIT TO
DEFAULTS (Y,N) [N]?
‘Y’ -- All initialization records and miscellaneous settings (including
status messages enabled and installed memory of 4MB) will be returned
to their factory default settings. If the factory default settings have not
been changed, the following message displays:
CONFIGURATION IS ALREADY SET TO DEFAULTS
‘ N’ -- The settings will not be returned to their factory default settings.
4. After you have answered Y or N, the unit prompts:
(Type any key to continue)
5. Press any key to return to the Modify Unit Configuration Menu.
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Initializing Server and Port Parameters
The Initialize Server and Port Parameters option instructs the operating
software, once loaded, to use factory default values for all server and port
parameters. All current server and port parameters will be lost when you
exit from the menu (using Option S "Exit saving configuration changes").
1. To select this option, type 3 at the "Enter menu selection" prompt of the
Access Server Configuration Menu (Figure C-1). The server prompts:
WHEN THE SOFTWARE HAS BEEN LOADED, SHOULD
DEFAULT SERVER AND PORT PARAMETERS BE USED (Y,N) [N]?
2. Type Y to use the defaults or N to keep the configuration you created,
then press RETURN. The unit returns you to the Configuration menu.
The parameter initialization takes effect after you exit from the
Configuration menu and the unit loads its image. Changes you have
made through the Access Server Configuration menu take place only
after you exit from the menu, having chosen Option S (“exit saving
configuration changes”).
Revert to Stored Configuration
The Revert to Stored Configuration option lets you cancel any changes you
have made without exiting from the menu. The unit reverts to the
configuration values that were last saved. Typically, you would select this
option if you had changed some settings, and then decided to undo the
changes and begin again.
1. To select this option, type 4 at the "Enter menu selection" prompt of the
Access server Configuration Menu (Figure 28). The configuration menu
prompts:
REVERT TO THE STORED CONFIGURATION (Y,N) [N]? Y
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2. Type N and press RETURN to return to the Configuration menu, or type
Y and press RETURN. The unit displays the following message:
CONFIGURATION RESET TO STORED VALUES.
(TYPE ANY KEY TO CONTINUE)
3. Press any key. The unit returns you to the Access server Configuration
menu (Figure 28). You can then exit from the Configuration menu using
Option S or X.
Exit Saving Configuration Changes
The Exit Saving Configuration Changes option lets you exit from the
Configuration menu and store the changes that you have made.
To select this option, complete the following steps:
1. Type S at the "Enter menu selection" prompt of the Access server
Configuration Menu (Figure 28). If you have made any changes, the
configuration menu prompts:
SAVE CHANGES AND EXIT (Y,N) [Y]?
If the unit is configured to store parameters locally, you see this
message:
UPDATING CONFIGURATION DATA;
PLEASE WAIT...
If you have not made any changes, the following message displays:
NO CHANGES MADE.
EXIT CONFIGURATION MENU (Y,N) [Y]?
2. To exit from the Configuration menu, press RETURN. If you do not want
to exit from the menu, type 'N' and press RETURN. The Configuration
menu appears.
Exit Without Saving Configuration Changes
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The Exit Without Saving Configuration Changes option on the Configuration
menu lets you exit without saving the configuration changes that you have
made (i.e., use the configuration that was last saved).
1. To select this option, type X at the "Enter menu selection" prompt. If you
have made changes, the configuration menu prompts:
Exit without saving changes (Y/N) [N]?
2. To exit the Configuration menu, type Y and press RETURN. If youdo not
want to exit from the menu, type N and press RETURN to redisplay the
Configuration menu.
If you have not made any changes, the configuration menu displays:
NO CHANGES MADE. EXIT CONFIGURATION MENU (Y,N) [Y]?
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Command Line Interface
This section describes the commands you can use to configure the
MAXserver from the command line:
·
Viewing Initialization Parameters
·
Changing the name of the software image file
·
Assigning IP addresses to the network host, access server, gateway, and
the network host where the image file resides
·
Changing the Status of an Initialization Record
·
Enabling and Disabling Protocols
·
Resetting Parameters in Initialization Records to Default Values
See the Commands Reference Guide for a complete listing of all commands.
Displaying an Initialization Record
Use the following command to display an initialization record:
LIST SERVER LOADDUMP [primary] CHARACTERISTICS
[secondary]
[tertiary]
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Figure 33 shows a sample display.
Primary Record:
Internet Load Address
Internet Load Host
Internet Load Gateway
Internet Load File
Software:
Image Load Protocols Enabled:
Dump Protocols Enabled:
Parameter Protocols Enabled:
Enabled
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
None
XPCSRV20
Card, XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP
XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP
NVS, XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP
Figure 33 - Sample Primary Initialization Record Display
108
Field
Means
Primary Record
The status of the initialization record. This example
shows the primary record enabled, but an initialization
record can be enabled or disabled.
Internet Load
Address
The IP address of the host where the access server
receives its software load image through DTFTP.
Internet Load
Gateway
The IP address of a gateway, if the access server
requires a gateway to reach the Internet load host
through DTFTP.
Internet Load File
The name and path of the software load image on the
Internet host, that the access server loads through
DTFTP.
Software
The CARD/XMOP/MOP software load image file name.
Image Load
Protocols Enabled
The protocols that the initialization record can use to
obtain the software load image.
Dump Protocols
Enabled
The protocols that the initialization record can use to
transmit a memory dump file.
Parameter Protocols
Enabled
The protocols that the initialization record can use to
obtain the parameter file.
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Enabling/Disabling Image and Parameter Protocols
Use the following command to enable or disable software load image
protocols and operational parameter protocols:
Use this command to specify one or all load protocols to use when the access
server searches for a software load image file or a parameter file. You
specify whether the protocol applies to the software load image or the
parameter file in the command line.
By default, a MAXserver attempts to obtain the software load image using
the CARD protocol and the parameter file using the NVS protocol. If a card
is not present, or the NVS protocol is disabled, the access server attempts to
obtain these files using other protocols in this order: DTFTP, XMOP, MOP,
BOOTP, RARP. All of these protocols except DTFTP are enabled by default.
If you use the keyword ALL to enable all protocols, you also enable DTFTP.
You cannot use DTFTP to load the parameter file except on the Network
9000 Access Server 720 which doesn’t have NVS. If you do enable DTFTP,
specify the following IP addresses:
·
The load host
·
The access server
·
The gateway router to the load host, if necessary
Use the DEFINE SERVER LOAD IP commands to specify this information.
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Syntax
DEFINE SERVER LOAD[record][usage]PROTOCOL[protocol-name][ENABLED]
[DISABLED]
Where
Means
record
Use one or more of the following initialization
records:
PRIMARY
SECONDARY
TERTIARY
ALL
The PRIMARY initialization record is the default.
usage
Use one of the following keywords, which indicate
whether you are specifying a protocol for a software
load image or a parameter file:
IMAGE
PARAMETERS
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protocol
Specify one of the following keywords which
represent different protocols:
Protocol
Means
NVS
NonVolatile Storage protocol for the
parameter file
CARD
Local memory card protocol for the load
image
XMOP
Xyplex MOP Protocol
MOP
Digital Equipment Corporation
Maintenance Operations Protocol
BOOTP
Bootstrap protocol
RARP
UNIX Reverse Address Resolution
Protocol
DTFTP
UNIX Directed Trivial File Transfer
Protocol (software load image only)
ALL
All protocols (you cannot disable all load
protocols)
For loading parameters on older
MAXserver units use either NVS or
remote protocols, but not both types.
Note: Xyplex Access Servers cannot load from a
DEC Info Server or any other device that does not
support loading via DEC MOP V3 using all 5
parameters (Including the fifth parameter, which is
the Host date/time stamp) for "Parameter Load with
Transfer Address" using MOP.
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ENABLED
Enable the protocol in the initialization records you
specify. You can enable only one protocol in the
command line, unless you use the keyword ALL to
enable all protocols.
DISABLED
Disable the protocol in the initialization records you
specify. You cannot use the keyword ALL to disable
all load protocols.
Examples
DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY IMAGE PROTOCOL DTFTP ENABLED
DEFINE SERVER LOAD SECONDARY PARAMETERS PROTOCOL RARP DISABLED
Naming Load Files
Use this command to specify the name of the file that will be requested upon
a boot up when loading from a TFTP server. Use the LIST SERVER
LOADDUMP CHARACTERISTICS command to display the current file
name.
DEFINE SERVER IP LOAD FILE “message-string”
or
DEFINE SERVER IP FILE “message-string”
“message-string” Specify a filename of up to 64 characters. Use the
quotation marks “ “ before and after the file name. The
default is an empty field.
Example
DEFINE IP LOAD FILE “filename.sys”
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Retrieving Image Files from Host
Use this command to retrieve a load image from a host on the LAN to a flash
card in an access server, either through TFTP or XMOP (use XMOP to get
the image from another NBase-Xyplex unit).
GET CARD LOAD FILE [image-name] ADDRESS [ip-address]
AREA [area-number]
[ether-address] AREA[area-number]
"image-name" The name of the updated image file
ip-address
The IP address where the image file is located
ether-address
The Ethernet address where the image file is located.
area-number
The area on the flash card where you want to store the file.
Example
GET CARD LOAD FILE "xpcsrv20.sys" 140.179.255.110
AREA 2
Terminating Image File Loading
Use this command to terminate the image loading update that was initiated
with the GET CARD LOAD FILE command.
XYPLEX>> GET CARD STOP
Dump Protocols
Use the following command to enable or disable dump protocols:
DEFINE SERVER DUMP [RECORD] PROTOCOL PROTOCOL|ALL
ENABLED|DISABLED
The [record ] variable specifies the primary, secondary, or tertiary
initialization record.
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Example
The following command shows how to disable RARP as a dump protocol in
the primary initialization record:
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER DUMP PRIMARY PROTOCOL RARP DISABLED
Assigning IP Addresses
You need to configure the following IP addresses to establish Internet access
for MAXservers.
·
The IP address for the host on the network where the software load
image file resides.
·
The IP address for the access server.
·
The IP address of a gateway on the network that the access server uses
to gain access to the Internet load host ( if your network configuration
includes a gateway).
·
The IP address of the host on the network where the image file resides.
Internet Load Host
The Internet load host specifies the IP address of the host on the network
where the software load image file resides. The default is 0.0.0.0.
Use the following command to define the Internet access server. This
address is used by the Internet load host during DTFTP loading. The
default is 0.0.0.0.
DEFINE SERVER LOAD [record|ALL] IP [LOAD] HOST ip-address
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Example
The following example shows the command that specifies an IP address for
an Internet load host in the primary initialization record:
DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY IP HOST 140.179.119.3
Access Server IP Address
The Internet load address specifies the Internet address for the access
server. The Internet load host on the network uses this address during
DTFTP loading. The default is 0.0.0.0.
Use the following command to define the the access server IP address:
DEFINE SERVER LOAD [record|ALL]IP[LOAD]GATEWAY[ip-address]
Example
The following command example specifies the Internet address for the
primary initialization record:
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY INTERNET ADDRESS
140.180.118.2
Internet Load File
The Internet Load File field specifies the pathname and filename of the
software load image on the Internet Load Host. The access server searches
for this filename when it uses the DTFTP protocol to obtain the software
load image during initialization. Use the following command to specify the
Internet Load File:
DEFINE SERVER LOAD [record] IP [LOAD] FILE "/pathname/filename"
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Example
The following example specifies the Internet Load File in the primary
initialization record:
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY INTERNET FILE
"/USR/XYPLEX/IMAGES/XPCSRV20.SYS"
Internet Load Gateway
The Internet load gateway specifies the IP address of a gateway on the
network which the access server uses to gain access to the Internet load
host. The default is 0.0.0.0.
NOTE:
Not all network configurations include a gateway, so you
may not need to specify this address, even if the access
server uses DTFTP to obtain the software load image.
Example
The following is an example of a command which specifies the address of an
Internet load gateway in the primary initialization record:
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY IP GATEWAY
140.179.111.5
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Resetting Initialization Parameters To Default Values
If you want to reset the values of parameters in one or more initialization
records after you have changed them, you can do so with one command,
rather than resetting each value individually. Initialization parameters
include the status of the initialization record, the protocols, the
CARD/XMOP/MOP load image filename, and the Internet settings for
DTFTP loading. You can change this information through the initialization
configuration menu, with the commands in this section, and through SNMP.
Use the following command to reset the initialization parameters to the
defaults:
DEFINE SERVER LOADDUMP [RECORD|ALL] DEFAULT
The [record ] variable specifies the primary, secondary, or tertiary
initialization record. If the initialization record you specify is disabled by
default, using this command also disabled the initialization record.
Example
The following command example resets the secondary initialization record:
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOADDUMP SECONDARY DEFAULT
The secondary initialization record on a access server is disabled by default,
so this command resets parameters to default values and disables the
initialization record.
Displaying Initialization Parameters
The LIST/MONITOR SERVER LOADDUMP CHARACTERISTICS
command displays the initialization parameters in the initialization records
you specify.
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Use the following command to display the current parameters:
LIST|MONITOR SERVER LOADDUMP [RECORD|ALL]
CHARACTERISTICS
Example
This sample display shows the primary initialization record.
XYPLEX> LIST SERVER LOADDUMP PRIMARY CHARACTERISTICS
Primary Record:
Internet Load Address
Enabled
140.179.80.133
Internet Load Host
Internet Load Gateway
Internet Load File
140.179.119.3
0.0.0.0
/usr/xyplex/images/xpcsrv20.sys
Software:
XPCSRV20
Image Load Protocols Enabled: Card, XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP, DTFTP
Dump Protocols Enabled:
XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP
Parameter Protocols Enabled: NVS, XMOP, MOP, BOOTP, RARP
Figure 34 - Primary Initialization Record Display
Displaying the Software Load Host
Use the following command to display the name and location of the software
load host, if the access server obtained the software load image from the
network.
SHOW/MONITOR SERVER STATUS
Displaying the Parameter Server
Use the following command to display the name and location of the
parameter server:
SHOW/LIST/MONITOR PARAMETER
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By default, all available dump protocols and parameter file protocols are
enabled, and all available software load image protocols are enabled except
DTFTP.
The access server attempts to load software using the CARD protocol first,
because this is the default. If a card is not present, it searches for the load
image using protocols in the order they appear on the screen: XMOP, MOP,
BOOTP, RARP, and DTFTP, if it is enabled. When the access server
attempts to send information to a dump server, it first attempts to use
XMOP, then MOP, BOOTP, and RARP.
Protocols
This section describes the dump protocols that you can enable or disable to
send information.
Enabling/Disabling Dump Protocols
The DEFINE SERVER DUMP PROTOCOL command enables or disables
one or all dump protocols. The access server uses a dump protocol to send
information to a dump server.
Use the following command to enable BOOTP as a dump protocol for the
primary record.
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER DUMP PROTOCOL BOOTP ENABLED
Use the following command to disable MOP as a dump protocol for the
secondary record.
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER DUMP SECONDARY PROTOCOL MOP DISABLED
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Enabling/Disabling Loading Protocols
The DEFINE SERVER LOAD PROTOCOL command specifies one or all
load protocols to use when the access server searches for a software load
image file or a parameter file. You specify whether the protocol applies to
the software load image or the parameter file in the command line.
By default, a MAXserver uses the CARD protocol to obtain the software load
image and the NVS protocol to obtain the parameter file. If a flash card is
not present, or the NVS protocol is disabled, the access server will try to
obtain these files using other protocols in the following order: XMOP, MOP,
BOOTP, RARP, DTFTP. All of these protocols except DTFTP are enabled by
default. If you use the keyword ALL to enable all protocols, you also enable
DTFTP.
You cannot use DTFTP to load the parameter file. If you do enable DTFTP,
you must specify the Internet address of the load host, the Internet address
of the access server, and the Internet address of the gateway to the load
host, if necessary. Use the DEFINE SERVER LOAD INTERNET commands
specify this information.
Use the following command to load the parameter file:
DEFINE SERVER LOAD [RECORD|ALL] USAGE PROTOCOL PROTOCOL
| ALL [ENABLED | DISABLED]
Examples
This example enables DTFTP as a protocol to use for the software load
image in the primary initialization record. (Enabling this protocol requires
that you specify DTFTP information with the DEFINE SERVER LOAD
INTERNET commands.)
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY IMAGE PROTOCOL DTFTP ENABLED
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This example enables MOP as the protocol to use when loading the
parameter file from the primary initialization record.
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD PRIMARY PARAMETERS PROTOCOL MOP
ENABLED
This example disables the RARP protocol for use when loading the
parameter file from the secondary initialization record.
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOAD SECONDARY PARAMETERS PROTOCOL
RARP DISABLED
Enabling/Disabling an Initialization Record
Use the following command to enable/disable an initialization record:
DEFINE SERVER LOADDUMP [record|ALL] DISABLED | ENABLED
Only the primary initialization record is enabled by default. You must
enable the other initialization records if you want the access server to use
them.
All initialization records have default values for the loading and dumping
protocols, and the CARD/XMOP/MOP load image filename, whether they are
enabled or disabled by default.
You cannot disable all three initialization records. If the primary and
secondary initialization records are disabled, for example, you cannot disable
the tertiary initialization record. If you attempt to do so, the command
processor generates an error message.
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Examples
This command disables the primary initialization record. With this record
disabled, the access server first attempts to load or dump using information
in the secondary initialization record.
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOADDUMP PRIMARY DISABLED
This command enables all initialization records.
XYPLEX>> DEFINE SERVER LOADDUMP ALL ENABLED
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Setting Up MaxServer Ports for Out-of-band
Management of Console Port Devices
This section describes how to set up MaxServer ports for out-of-band
management of console port devices.
NOTE:
The commands described in this section can only be
executed in Privileged mode.
Use the following procedure:
1. Enter the following commands to set up the server IP address and
primary gateway address for the MaxServer:
DEFINE/SET SERVER IP ADDRESS <internet-address>
DEFINE/SET SERVER IP PRIMARY GATEWAY ADDRESS <internet-address>
2. Enter the following commands to disable subnet mask autoconfigure and
set up the subnet mask on the MaxServer:
DEFINE/SET SERVER IP SUBNET MASK AUTOCONFIGURE DISABLED
DEFINE/SET SERVER IP SUBNET MASK <ip-address-mask>
3. Enter the following command to set up the destination port as remote
access:
DEFINE/SET PORT <port-number> ACCESS REMOTE
4. Enter the following commands to disable autobaud and reset the baud
rate at the destination port:
DEFINE/SET PORT <port-number> AUTOBAUD DISABLED
DEFINE/SET PORT <port-number> SPEED <port-speed>
The port speed setting must match the port speed setting on the
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attached console port device.
5. Set up the flow control for the destination port:
DEFINE/SET PORT <port-number> FLOW CONTROL <flow-control-setting>
The flow control setting must match the flow control setting on the
attached console port device.
6. Enter the following command to specify the number of bits per character
for data characters that are transmitted and received over the
destination port:
DEFINE/SET PORT <port-number> CHARACTER SIZE <character-size>
The character size setting must match the character size setting on the
attached console port device.
7. Enter the following command to specify the number of stop bits to be
used on the destination port:
DEFINE/SET PORT <port-number> STOP BITS <bit-value>
The stop bits setting must match the stop bits setting on the attached
console port device.
8. Enter the following command to specify the parity for the destination
port:
DEFINE/SET PORT <port-number> PARITY <parity-setting>
The parity setting must match the parity setting on the attached
console port device.
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After you have completed this procedure, you are ready to access the out-ofband management console port. Refer to the following section, “Accessing
the Out-of-band Management Console Port”, for more information on
accessing the out-of-band management console port.
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Accessing the Out-of-band Management Console
Port
There are two methods for accessing the out-of-band management console
port. This sections describes both methods.
Accessing from an Ethernet-attached Station
Use the following command to access the out-of-band management console
port from an Ethernet-attached station:
telnet 192.168.5.1:<logical-port-number>
NOTE:
In the above command, logical-port-number is the logical
port number of the out-of-band management console port.
To determine the logical port number, multiple the physical
port number by 100 and add 2,000. For example, the logical
port number for physical port number 1 is 2100.
Accessing from a Dumb Terminal Attached to a MaxServer Serial
Port
Use the following procedure to access the out-of-band management console
port from a dumb terminal attached to a MaxServer serial port:
1. Hit the return key several times to autobaud the port and get a Xyplex
username prompt.
2. Type any key at the Username prompt.
3. Login to Priviliged Mode via the SET PRIV command.
4. Enter a password of SYSTEM.
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5. Enter the following command:
TELNET 192.168.5.1: <logical-port-number>
In the above command, logical-port-number is the logical port number of
the out-of-band management console port. To determine the logical port
number, multiple the physical port number by 100 and add 2,000. For
example, the logical port number for physical port number 1 is 2100.
This command sequence will then connect you to the console of the out-ofband device that's connected to the destination port.
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Troubleshooting
Refer to this section if you experience a problem with your MAXserver. This
section describes:
·
How to troubleshoot startup and loading problems
·
What to do if the LAN light on the front panel goes out
·
How to reset the MAXserver
Startup/Loading Problems
Refer to this section if you have powered up the MAXserver or re-initialized
the unit and the front panel lights do not behave as follows after several
minutes:
·
RUN light flashes slowly
·
LAN light flashes as Ethernet packets are received
Normally, the light pattern appears as follows when you power up the
MAXserver, or re-initialize the unit:
9. All lights ON for approximately one second. (The MAXserver is testing
the lights.)
10. Each port light goes ON in order – left most to right most. (The
MAXserver is running a self test.)
11. The RUN light flashes rapidly. (The self test has completed.)
12. The LAN light goes ON. (The MAXserver is starting the software
loading process.)
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13. The CARD light goes ON for approximately 15 seconds if the unit is
loading from a flash card. (The MAXserver is accessing the flash card.
Do not remove the card while the CARD light is ON.)
14. The RUN light flashes rapidly and the LAN light flashes as Ethernet
packets are received. (The MAXserver is loading, or trying to load,
software.)
15. When loading from a flash card, or when using another MAXserver as a
load server, Port lights 8 - 1 go ON, sequentially. Then, lights 8 - 1 go
OFF. (The MAXserver has finished loading the software image, and is
decompressing it.)
16. When the MAXserver has finished loading its software, the RUN light
flashes slowly and the LAN light flashes as Ethernet packets are
received.
Startup Error Codes
If front panel lights do not behave as described in the previous section when
you power up or initialize the MAXserver, the unit might be displaying an
error code. A special pattern of diagnostic codes indicates that a hardware or
software error has occurred. Figure 35 shows how the diagnostic code;
appears on the MAXserver front panel lights.
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Only Port LEDs 1 through 8 are used to display self-test error codes.
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Self-test failure
occurs. LEDs
flash 10 times,
very quickly.
First Error Code
1 2
3
4
5
6
User records
error code 78
7 8
LEDs flash
sequentially
Second Error Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Sequence
repeats
continuously
User records
error code 24678
0 = Off
1 = On
Figure 35 - Sample Error Code Display
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Write down the numbers of the error code (the lights that are ON) and
contact your NBase-Xyplex Customer Support representative. (In the U.S.,
call 1-800-435-7997. For International calls, the number is 978-952-4888).
Your representative will provide further instructions on how to handle the
condition.
Common Error Codes
First Error Code:
3, 4, 6, 7
Second Error Code:
3
Problem: The MAXserver has been configured for more memory than is
actually installed.
Solution: Either configure the MAXserver for less installed memory, using
the Access server Configuration menu, or install additional SIMM memory.
(The SIMM memory installation should only be performed by qualified
personnel.) Use the Modify Unit Configuration option to specify the amount
of installed memory. The Configuration menu is described in Chapter 4.
First Error Code:
3, 4, 8
Second Error Code:
2, 8
or
First Error Code:
3, 4, 6, 7
Second Error Code:
3, 6
Problem: Reinitialize the unit.
Solution: Select the Modify Unit Configuration option from the
Configuration menu (see Figure 28) to access and modify configuration
parameters, or you can reinitialize the unit from Command Line Interface
with the following command:
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XYPLEX>>INITIALIZE DELAY 0
Power Up and Re-initialization Problems
The following list describes the problems you might encounter when you
power up or re-initialize a MAXserver. The list includes descriptions of
correct operations and possible solutions.
CARD light does not go ON
Problem: You are trying to load from a Memory card and the CARD light
does not go ON.
Correct Operation: The CARD light should illuminate for approximately
15 seconds when the MAXserver loads software from a flash card.
Possible solutions: If the CARD light does not go ON, make sure that the
card is inserted properly. Also, make sure that the MAXserver is configured
to load from the Memory card. Use the Configuration menu in Figure 27 to
verify. By default, a MAXserver is configured to load from the flash card,
however, someone might have changed this setting.
CARD light goes ON then OFF quickly
Problem: If the CARD light goes ON and then OFF quickly, make sure that
the flash card has been initialized.
Solution: You can initialize a flash card while it is inserted in the unit by
issuing the FORMAT CARD command. Alternatively, if you have a PC with
a flash card drive, you can check whether the SYSTEM directory is present
on the card. The directory should contain the software image. The filename
must be xpcsrv20.sys. Also, the loader file mcffs1.sys must reside in the
same directory as xpcsrv20.sys, and must appear before xpcsrv20.sys.
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Use the following command to display the contents of the SYSTEM
directory:
SHOW SYSTEM PARAMETERS
Network Loading Problems
Problem: The MAXserver does not appear to load from the network, or is
slow to load from the network.
Correct Operation: The load server downloads a software image and
(optionally) parameters to the MAXserver, over the network, whenever the
unit is powered on or re-initialized.
After the software and (optionally) parameters have been downloaded from
the load server, the RUN light should blink once every second. Then, if you
type several <RETURN>s at a terminal connected to any serial port, the
following message should appear:
WELCOME TO THE XYPLEX ACCESS SERVER.
ENTER USERNAME>_
Possible Solutions: The MAXserver generates several messages during
the load process, which can help you resolve loading problems. To see the
messages, press <RETURN> several times at a terminal connected to a
MAXserver serial port, when the unit begins the loading process. (When you
do this, the serial port adjusts to the communication speed of the terminal.
This process is called autobauding.) The port light should go ON when you
press <RETURN>.
If you type <CTRL><T> now, the unit will display the load server offer table
when it receives load offers. (Only one <CTRL><T> is required.)
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Loading Problems
Refer to the following message descriptions for assistance in correcting
loading problems. Note that each <RETURN> generates a single message.
You must press <RETURN> every 5 - 10 seconds to receive updated
messages. Also, if the load process takes place very quickly, you might miss
some of the messages.
Problem: Not Connected to the Network
If the MAXserver is not connected to the network, you see one of the
following messages when you press <RETURN>:
AUTOMATIC NETWORK SELECTION: SEARCHING FOR FUNCTIONAL
NETWORK.
SEARCHING FOR FUNCTIONAL STANDARD ETHERNET NETWORK.
SEARCHING FOR FUNCTIONAL 10BASE-T ETHERNET NETWORK.
Problem: No response to a load request
Normal Process: A message similar to the following one is displayed while
the server is waiting for a response to the load request.
REQUESTING NETWORK LOAD SERVICE
If this message displays for more than 20 seconds after you type several
<RETURN>s, either the MAXserver is not configured on a load server, or it
cannot communicate with a load server.
If this message does not appear after you type several <RETURN>s, the
MAXserver unit could be at fault. Call NBase-Xyplex Customer Support. (In
the U.S., call 1-800-435-7997. For International calls, the number is 978952-4888).
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Solution: Check that the MAXserver is in the RUN state and that the
Ethernet transceiver cable or 10BASE-T network cable is properly installed.
Load Server Errors
A message similar to the following one is displayed if the MAXserver has
received a load offer from a load server:
EVALUATING SERVICE OFFERS
If you typed a <CTRL><T> after "autobauding" your terminal, messages
similar to the following display when the unit has stopped accepting load
offers:
Received load service offers:
Host Address
xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx
protocol
0809
merit
9C000037
filename
XPCSRV20
Up to ten load server addresses are displayed (typically, just one). The
MAXserver unit selects the load server with the highest merit value.
When the MAXserver chooses a load server, a message similar to this one
appears:
Access server, Type 86, Rev x.xx.x
Ethernet address 08-00-87-xx-xx-xx, port x
Currently using initialization record 1
Loading file xpcsrv20
from server xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx, message 1487
Memory Card; Not Installed
Error: Message count stays at zero while you type <RETURN>
continuously.
Problem: The load server was configured to load the MAXserver unit, but
encountered a problem with the load file or directory.
Possible Solutions: Check the filename and directory at the load server.
Additionally, in some newer VAX/VMSinstallations, the logical name
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"MOM$LOADmight not be defined properly. (Refer to the Software
Installation Guide for VMS load hosts for more information.)
File Loading Errors
PROBLEM: ERROR: SERVER XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX; FILE ERROR:
NOT A LOAD FILE.
This message type appears if the load server attempted to load a file image
that is incompatible with the MAXserver. (The load file did not have a
MAXserver ASCII identification string header.) This can happen if, for
example, the file is a DECserver 200 load file.
Normal Process: After the MAXserver loads a file, it checks the contents
of the file for proper identification and size.
Error: Server xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx; File error: corrupted data.
Problem: The load server attempted to load a file that is compatible with
the MAXserver, but the file has been corrupted.
Solution: Correct this problem by installing a new file in the load server.
Refer to the Software Installation Guide for instructions.
Error: Error Server xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx; File error: not executable.
Problem: No 680xx CPU identifier appears in the file header. This is a
NBase-Xyplex file, but it cannot be executed by the server.
Solution: Resolve this problem by installing the proper file in the load
server. See the Software Installation Guide for instructions.
Error: Server xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx; Timed out, will retry.
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Problem: The MAXserver gave up waiting for the load server to send a load
file image. When this happens, the server restarts the load request process.
If the message count was not zero, and the "timed out" message was
displayed, it is possible that your network experienced communication
problems.
NOTE: If there is no progress of the message count
number beyond zero, a load server problem
exists. A network problem probably exists if
the message count remains stuck at a
number other than zero.
Dump Server Errors
If a failure occurs during the load process, the server will abort the load
process and send a small dump file (approximately 60 bytes) to a server that
is configured to accept a dump file. The dump file can be analyzed by
NBase-Xyplex to assist you in resolving the fault. Call NBase-Xyplex
Customer Support for assistance.
Error: Dump service requested, but no dump file can be created
Normal Process: The MAXserver uses the same algorithm for the dump
server as for selecting the load server. Normally, messages similar to these
appear:
Access server, Type 86, Rev x.xx.x
Ethernet address 08-00-87-xx-xx-xx, port x
Requesting dump service
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This type of message displays while the MAXserver waits for a response to
its dump request. If this message displays for more than 30 seconds after
you type several <RETURN>s, the MAXserver is not configured on a dump
server, or the MAXserver cannot communicate to a dump server. Refer to
the Software Installation Guide for instructions on specifying the proper
dump configuration.
A message similar to the following one is displayed if the MAXserver
received a dump offer from a server.
Access server, Type 86, Rev x.xx.x
Ethernet address 08-00-87-xx-xx-xx, port x
Evaluating dump service offers
If you typed a <CTRL><T> after a port speed had been selected, messages
similar to these will appear when the unit has stopped accepting dump
service offers:
Received dump service offers
Host Address
protocol
xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx
0809
merit
9C000037
filename
The MAXserver selects the dump server with the highest merit value. If two
or more dump servers have the same merit value, the MAXserver will select
the first dump server listed.
ACCESS SERVER, TYPE 86, REV X.XX.X
ETHERNET ADDRESS 08-00-87-XX-XX-XX, PORT X
CURRENTLY USING INITIALIZATION RECORD 1
MAINTENANCE DUMP TO SERVER 08-00-2B-05-8B-78,MESSAGE
1487
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If a failure occurs during the dump process, the MAXserver will abort the
dump and attempt to dump to the next dump server, until the dump server
list is exhausted. After the dump process completes, the MAXserver selects
the load server with the next highest merit value on the load offer list. If the
load list is exhausted, the MAXserver will restart the loading process.
Parameter Loading Problems
If the MAXserver is configured to load parameters from the network (rather
than local Non-volatile storage- NVS), the unit requests a parameter file
from the parameter server. If a parameter file is not sent from the server,
the MAXserver will wait indefinitely for the parameter file.
The following message types can be generated during the parameter file load
sequence. The process is similar to the load process:
REQUESTING PARAMETER LOAD SERVICE
This message (or a similar message) displays while the MAXserver waits for
a response to the parameter load request. If this message displays for more
than 5 seconds after you type several <RETURN>s, the MAXserver is not
configured on a load server for parameter load service.
ACCESS SERVER, TYPE 86, REV X.XX.X
ETHERNET ADDRESS 08-00-87-XX-XX-XX, PORT X
CURRENTLY USING INITIALIZATION RECORD 1
LOADING PARAMETERS FROM SERVER
XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX, MESSAGE 1487
MEMORY CARD; NOT INSTALLED
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Link L1 refers to the Ethernet transceiver cable or 10BASE-T network cable;
that is, the server is loading parameters via the LAN. If the message count
remains at zero after you type several <RETURN>s, the load server is
properly configured, but does not have a defined parameter file.
Loading from the Network
Problem: While loading from the network, no messages appear after you
type several <RETURN>s. (Note that when the MAXserver is loading from
a flash card, you do not see any messages, and cannot access the access
server.)
Correct Operation: The port normally autobauds to the correct baud rate
when you press several <RETURN>s. Once a port speed has been selected,
the port light illuminates. In the first 20 seconds after power up, the server
runs the self tests and does not respond to the <RETURN>s. Shortly after
power up, however, the port displays a message in response to a
<RETURN>.
Possible Solutions: Determine whether the port is receiving characters
properly. Type several <RETURN>s and make sure the PORT light is ON
steadily. This indicates that the MAXserver has received characters and
selected a communication speed.
If the port is receiving characters, the MAXserver might have autobauded to
the wrong speed. Press the <BREAK> key to re-initialize the autobaud
sequence, then type several <RETURN>s.
If the port is not receiving characters, a cable or device problem exists. Try
changing the type of cable used (e.g., change from straight-through to
crossover). Note that a MAXserver-to-DTE device configuration requires a
crossover cable connection. Refer to Appendix B for cable descriptions and
order codes.
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If the LAN Light Is Out
Correct Operation: When the LAN light on the MAXserver front panel is
ON, the server is communicating with the network.
Solution: If you are unable to communicate with the network and the LAN
light is not ON, check the following.
·
Make sure that the Ethernet transceiver cable or 10BASE-T network
cable is securely connected to the back of the MAXserver.
·
There may be a problem with the network itself. Check whether any
other devices connected to the network are experiencing communications
problems.
·
Check whether a diagnostic code is being displayed on the front panel
lights (indicating a hardware or software error).
If none of these checks indicate a problem and the LAN light is still not ON,
contact your NBase-Xyplex Customer Support representative for assistance.
(In the U.S., call NBase-Xyplex Customer Support at 1-800-435-7997. For
International calls, the number is 987-952-4888).
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SIMMs Installation
This section explain how to install and remove MAXserver Single Inline
Memory Modules (SIMMs).
ATTENTION
Only qualified personnel should install or remove MAXserver SIMMs.
Unplug the MAXserver before you begin the installation. There is
danger of Electrical Shock if you fail to do so.
SIMMs are extremely sensitive to static electricity. Static from your
clothes or work environment can destroy SIMMs, or diminish their
reliability.
Handle SIMMs by their edges only, and use standard staticpreventive procedures. Preferably, the installation should be done
with an anti-static wrist band, on a grounded work surface.
Recommended SIMMs Manufacturers
The MAXserver accepts 30-pin 70 ns. (or faster) 1M x 8 SIMMs with tin
contacts. (Do not use SIMMs with gold contacts.). The order code for a 2MB
SIMM memory upgrade kit is MX-500-5744. Contact your NBase-Xyplex
sales representative to order this kit.
Problem: Determining what type of SIMMs can be used to upgrade a 1600,
1620 or 1640.
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Solution: The requirements for SIMMs are as follows:
For a 1620/1640:
·
30 pins, 70 ns or faster, 1M x 8 SIMMs with tin contacts (NOT GOLD).
They must be configured to make either 2, 4, 6 or 8 Megabytes of
memory.
·
Manufacturer's Part No.ToshibaTHM81070AS-70
For a 1600:
·
·
30 pins, 80 ns or faster, 1M x 8 SIMMs with tin contacts (NOT GOLD).
Manufacturer's Part No.
-
NEC MC-421000A8B-80OKIMSC2313A-80YS8
-
Toshiba THM81000AS-80
-
Samsung KMM581000A-8
-
Micron MT8D18M-8
-
Mitsubishi MH1M08B0J-8
-
Fujitsu MB85230A-80PS
NBase-Xyplex offers SIMM Upgrade kits for all MAXserver units. Contact
your NBase-Xyplex sales representative for ordering information.
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MAXserver Memory Requirements
Each SIMM provides 1 Megabyte of memory. SIMMs must be installed or
removed in pairs; you can install either two, four, or six SIMMs (i.e., 2, 4, or
6 Megabytes of memory). This means that the MAXserver can be configured
with a total of 4, 6, or 8 Megabytes of memory. Figure 36 shows a typical
SIMM. (The SIMMs you are installing might have a different number of
memory chips.)
NOTE:
All MAXserver are delivered from the factory with a
minimum of 4MB installed.
Memory chips
1
30
Pin contacts
Figure 36 - Typical SIMM
Installation
+
Unplug the MAXserver before you begin the installation.
There is danger of Electrical Shock if you fail to do so.
To install the SIMMs, follow these steps:
1. Unplug the MAXserver if you have not already done so. It is not
necessary to remove the serial cables and Ethernet cable. If the
MAXserver is mounted in a rack, remove it from the rack.
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2. Set the MAXserver on a grounded workbench or other flat, stable
surface.
3. Attach an anti-static strap to your wrist, and connect the strap to a well
grounded object. If a well grounded object is not available, connect the
strap to the MAXserver chassis after you remove the cover.
4. Remove the four screws that secure the cover on the MAXserver, using a
Phillips-head screwdriver (see Figure 37). Put the screws in a safe place.
Then, lift and remove the cover.
Figure 37 - Removing the Screws Securing the Cover
+
Do not touch the Power Supply. Components might still be charged to
dangerous voltages.
5. Locate the SIMM sockets inside the MAXserver (see Figure 38).
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
(REAR)
Power Supply
Memory
Card Slot
Retainers
6
5
4
3
SIMM Sockets
2
1
Figure 38 - Location of SIMM Sockets
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6. Install two SIMMs at a time, and install them into the sockets in the
following order: 1 and 2, then 3 and 4, then 5 and 6. (It is easier to
install each pair of SIMMs by installing the SIMM in the odd-numbered
sockets first.)
7. Hold the SIMM by its edges, with the memory chips facing the front of
the MAXserver, then insert the SIMM into the slot. Angle the top of the
SIMM (about 30°) toward the rear of the MAXserver (see Figure 39).
8. Place your thumbs on opposite corners of the SIMM and press down.
9. Press forward (toward the rear of the MAXserver) until you feel the
SIMM snap into place.
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
1. Insert SIMM at 30° angle. Press down.
(Rea
r of u
nit)
2. Press forward, until
SIMM snaps into place.
Figure 39 - Inserting SIMM into Socket
10. Make sure that the SIMMs are secure within the retainers.
11. Replace the MAXserver cover, and secure it with the four screws you had
removed.
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12. Return the unit to the rack or flat surface from which you removed it,
and plug it back in.
13. When you apply power, the MAXserver performs a self test of its
circuitry and then proceeds to load its software. When the unit has
finished loading its software, the RUN light flashes slowly and the LAN
light flashes as Ethernet packets are received.
If, after several minutes, the front panel lights do not behave as indicated,
refer to the Troubleshooting section.
No other actions are required. The MAXserver automatically detects, tests,
and records the presence of the additional memory. However, if you want to
verify that the MAXserver has detected the additional memory, proceed to
the next section.
Verifying Memory Installation Using Commands
You can verify that the MAXserver has detected the additional memory. To
do so, follow these steps:
1. Connect a terminal to any MAXserver serial port.
2. Press <RETURN> several times to "autobaud" the serial port to the
terminal's speed.
3. Enter a username when prompted.
4. Use the following command to generate a display that indicates the
amount of memory the MAXserver detects. (Look for the "Installed
Memory" field in the upper left portion of the display.)
At the Xyplex prompt, type:
SHOW SERVER ALTERNATE STATUS
Verifying Memory Installation Using the Configuration Menu
You also can use the MAXserver Access server Configuration menu to verify
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the memory installation by following these steps:
1. Using a straightened paper clip, press the MAXserver RESET switch
once to enter reset mode. All lights on the front panel should illuminate.
2. Press the RESET switch again, and hold the switch in. With the switch
held in, observe the port lights. The lights for Ports 9 and 10 should
illuminate on the MAXserver 1620 and 1640 (ports 7 and 8 on the
MAXserver 1604 and 1608 A/B). The port lights should then flash in
sequence from 1 to 10 (1 to 8 for MAXserver 1604 and 1608A/B) and then
back to 1 again. Port lights 8, 9 and 10 then illuminate (port lights 7 and
8 on the MAXserver 1604 and 1608A/B). When this sequence has
completed, release the RESET switch. The MAXserver performs the
standard self-test diagnostics. (The self test requires about 20 seconds to
complete.)
3. When the RUN light flashes rapidly (indicating that the self test has
completed), autobaud any serial port by pressing RETURN a few times
at a terminal connected to the port. Once the MAXserver has selected a
port speed, it generates the following message:
ACCESS SERVER, TYPE 90, REV X
ETHERNET ADDRESS 00-DD-01-00-46-DD, PORT 1
CONFIGURATION IN PROGRESS. PLEASE WAIT.
4. Type the password "ACCESS" (note that there is no prompt) and press
<RETURN>. The unit displays the menu shown in Figure 40:
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Welcome to the Configuration Menu.
Access server Configuration Menu
1.
2.
3.
4.
S.
X.
Display unit configuration
Modify unit configuration
Initialize server and port parameters
Revert to stored configuration
Exit saving configuration changes
Exit without saving configuration changes
Enter menu selection [X]:
Figure 40 - MAXserver Access server Configuration Menu
5. Type '1' and press <RETURN>. The unit displays a menu similar to
Figure 41.
Display Unit Configuration Menu
1.
2.
3.
M.
D.
X.
Initialization record #1 (Enabled)
Initialization record #2 (Disabled)
Initialization record #3 (Disabled)
Miscellaneous unit configuration
Set unit configuration to defaults.
Exit to main menu
Enter menu selection [X]:
Figure 41 - Sample Display Unit Configuration Display
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6. Type 'M' and press <RETURN>. The unit displays a screen similar to
Figure 42.
Stored Configuration
Load status messages:
Memory installed:
(Found 4 Megabytes)
Enabled
4 Megabytes
New Configuration
Enabled
4 Megabytes
(Type any key to continue)
Figure 42 - Sample Miscellaneous Configuration Display
The display indicates the amount of installed memory detected by the
MAXserver. If you have installed more memory than the display indicates,
try re-installing the SIMMs.
To exit the Miscellaneous Configuration display, press any key. The Display
Unit Configuration menu appears. Type 'X' at the "Enter menu selection"
prompt. This returns you to the main menu. Enter 'X' at the "Enter menu
selection" prompt. The MAXserver then proceeds to load its software.
Removing SIMMs
+
Before you remove SIMMs, you must configure the MAXserver
for less memory, using the Access server Configuration Menu.
If you fail to do so, the front panel lights will display an error
code the next time you try to initialize the unit.
Also, if you have enabled more software features than the
MAXserver can support with reduced memory, you will not be
able to reinitialize the unit after you remove the SIMMs. To
prevent this, configure the software for fewer features prior to
removing the SIMMs.
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To remove memory from the MAXserver, complete the following steps:
1. Select Option 2 from the Configuration Menu and press <RETURN>.
The unit displays the Modify Unit Configuration Menu.
2. Select option M and press <RETURN>. The MAXserver displays a series
of prompts. Press <RETURN> at each prompt, until you see the
following message:
Total installed memory in megabytes (2,4,6,8) [4]:
The number in the square brackets [ ] indicates the amount of installed
memory for which the MAXserver has been configured.
3. When you see the prompt, enter the amount of memory the MAXserver
will have after you remove the SIMMs, and press <RETURN>.
4. Type 'M' and exit to the main menu. The unit displays the Configuration
menu. Enter 'S' at the "Enter menu selection" prompt to save changes
and exit. The MAXserver prompts:
SAVE CHANGES AND EXIT (Y,N) [Y]?
5. Type 'Y' and press <RETURN>. When the MAXserver has saved the
changes, you see this prompt:
CHANGES MADE.
EXIT CONFIGURATION MENU (Y,N) [Y]?
6. Type 'Y' and press <RETURN>.
7. After you have configured the MAXserver for less memory, proceed to
the following section to physically remove the SIMMs.
Removing SIMMs from the MAXserver
You must remove either two or four SIMMs. If you want to remove two
SIMMs and four are installed, remove the SIMMs from sockets 3 and 4.
1. Follow steps 1 through 5 under “Installation” in this section.
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2. To remove the SIMMs from the sockets, pull the retainers that hold the
SIMM outward (see Figure 43).
Pull retainers outward.
1
30
Figure 43 - Removing SIMMs
3. Pull the SIMM toward you, then up. (Basically, you reverse the steps
shown in Figure 37.)
4. Replace the MAXserver cover, and secure it with the four screws you
removed previously.
5. Return the unit to the rack or flat surface from which you removed it,
and plug it back in.
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Technical Specifications
Item
Terminal Signals
Terminal Cabling
Description
Transmit Data, Receive Data, Transmit Ground,
Receive Ground, Data Set Ready/Data Carrier
Detect (DSR/DCD), Data Terminal Ready (DTR),
Ring/Clear-to-Send (RNG/CTS), and Ready-toSend (RTS). Supports concurrent modem control.
Modular RJ-45
Cable Lengths - 1620 Serial Speed
>9.6 kbps
19.2 kbps or less
38.4 kbps
57.6 kbps
115.2 kbps
Cable Lengths - 1640 Serial Speed
900 meters(3000 feet)
305 meters (1000 feet)
152 meters (500 feet)
60 meters (200 feet)
30 meters (100 feet)
Maximum Length
>9.6 kbps
19.2 kbps or less
38.4 kbps
57.6 kbps
Serial Speed
900m (3000 feet)
305 meters (1000 feet)
152 meters (500 feet)
60 meters (200 feet)
Maximum Length
Cable Lengths 1604/1608B
Flash Card Interface
Serial Line Speed
Number of Serial
Ports
0038
Maximum Length
>9.6 kbps
3000 ft/900m
19.2 kbps
1000ft/300m
38.4 kbps
500ft/150m
57.6 kbps
200ft/60 m
115.2 kbps
100ft/30m
Accepts industry standard JEIDA/PCMCIA cards.
MAXserver 1604/1608/1620 - 50 to 115.2 Kbps
MAXserver 1640 - 50 bps to 56.7 Kbps
MAXserver 1604 - 4 ports
MAXserver 1608A/B - 8 ports
MAXserver 1620 - 20 ports
MAXserver 1640 - 40 ports
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Getting Started with MAXserver Access Servers
LEDs
RUN, LAN, Flash Card Status, Console, Port
status and Diagnostic LEDs 1-10 (1620/1640)
LEDs 1-8 (1608B/1604)
Controls
Run/Reset push button switch
Dimensions
Height
Depth
Width
Weight
1640 and 1620
1608B and 1604
4.45 cm. (1.75 in.)
4.1 cm (1.62 in)
30.48 cm. (12 in.)
19.5 cm (7.7 in)
48.26 cm. (19 in.)
23.3 cm (9.9 in)
1640 and 1620
1608B and
1604
3.64 kg. (8 lbs.)
1.7 kg (3.8 lbs.
With ext. power supply)
4 MB DRAM, expandable to 8 MB with SIMM
memory modules.
Memory
Environment
10% to 90% humidity, noncondensing
Operating Temperature: 32° - 113° F (0 - 45°C)
Storage Temperature: -4 to 140° F ( -20 to 60°C)
Input Voltage
110 - 240 VAC 50 - 60 Hz (All MAXservers)
Power Requirements
1640
1620
1608B/1604
156
42W, 145Btu/hr 0.35 A at 110V (typ), 0.19A at
220V (typ)
32W, 110Btu/hr 0.27 A at 110V (typ), 0.15A at
220V (typ)
25W, 110Btu/hr 0.7A at 120V (typ), 0.3A at 220V
(typ)
Minimum Software
Requirements
Access Server Software, V5.3 or later for
MAXserver 1608A, 1620 and 1640. V6.0.3 or later
for MAXserver 1604 and 1608B.
Ethernet Interface
Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 Connection -- 10BASE-T or
AUI Transceiver
0038
Index
BOOTP
#
enabling as a dump protocol, 119
10Base-T connector, 25
bootstrap protocol (BOOTP), 16
10Base-T connectors, 79
broadcasts
10Base-T network cable, 20
for delays, 57
10BASE-T network cable, 141
A
C
cables, 21
AC line cords, 26
checking connections, 140
AC power outlets, 26
connecting to RJ-45 jacks, 29
AC power receptacle, 26
DEConnect compatible, 68
adapter wiring, 65
Etherner transceiver, 78
adapters, 64
labeling for identification, 30
ARAP cabling, 74
lengths, 155
areas
making your own, 62
modem connections, 73, 74, 76
flash cards, 113
Attachment Unit Interface (AUI), 13
octopus, 68
AUI connector, 25
problems with, 135
autobaud
RTS/CTS flow control, 75
port settings, 32
cabling, 64, 155
autobaud, 83, 150
"octopus", 69
autobauding, 133, 140
DECconnect, 68
autobauding feature, 31
signals, 67
cabling schemes
B
baud rates, 15
port settings, 32
0038
XMT, RCV, DCD/DSR, DTR,
RING,, 73
cabling types, 60
CARD protocol, 120
157
Index (continued)
communication speeds, 15
DEConnect cabling, 68
communication speeds. See also baud
DEConnect connector, 69, 70
DECserver 200 load file, 136
rates., 140
default prompt settings, 46
configuration
current unit settings, 85
default settings, 30
customizing, 92
defaults
reverting to last saved values, 104
gateway IP address, 116
using ControlPoint, 18
image protocols, 93
using FocalPoint, 17
IP addresses, 114
configuration data, 95
IP load hosts, 115
configuration menu, 83, 84
protocols, 89
connectors
resetting parameters, 117
10Base-T, 25
resetting the unit, 102
AUI, 25
use for servers and ports, 104
ControlPoint configuration, 18
delay rebooting, 57
copying flash cards, 53
diagnostic codes, 141
corrupted data
Directed Trivial File Transfer
troubleshooting, 136
corrupted load file, 136
Protocol, 82
Directed Trivial File Transfer
Protocol. See DTFTP., 89
CPU identifiers, 136
display port 0 telnet characteristics,
crimping tools, 62
40
crossover cable, 67
crossover cables, 60, 140
display unit settings, 16
distribution panels, 70
D
damage during shipping, 20
DB-25 connectors, 64, 70
downloads, 17
DTE devices
connecting to MAXservers, 67
DB-25 distribution panels, 71
DTE wiring, 65
DB-25 pin assignments, 67
DTFTP, 88, 89
DCD/DSR flow control, 62
enabling, 120
DCE wiring, 79
158
0038
Index (continued)
naming conventions, 98
dump files
problems with, 138, 139
TFTP loading, 100
dump protocols, 88, 108, 113
flash cards, 51
enablind/disabling, 119
areas, 113
dump requests, 138
copying contents to another card, 53
dump servers, 137
current settings, 53, 54
dumping methods, 96, 97
deleting contents, 53
loading images, 55
E
loading the image file, 51
environment, 156
retrieving load images, 113
environmental requirements, 21
terminating updates, 113
erasing flash cards, 53
error codes, 129, 130, 131, 141
Flash memory cards
installing, 23
error messages, 58
flow control, 61
errors
FocalPoint configuration utility, 17
front panel lights, 22
load servers, 135
Ethernet 15-pin AUI connectors, 78
G
Ethernet addresses
image file locations, 113
gateway IP addresses, 108
image files, 55
gateways, 100
Ethernet connections, 156
H
Ethernet transceiver cable, 20, 141
extension cables, 70
hardware flow control, 62
extension cords, 26
Help command, 38
F
host IP addresses, 108
I
file names
changing, 52
image filenames
load files, 99
defining, 97
filenames
load files, 112
0038
image files
loading, 55
159
Index (continued)
image load methods, 89
image loading
terminating, 113
network hosts, 114
IP Addresses
for internet access, 30
image loading methods, 92, 94
IP load address, 115
INIT DELAY command, 33, 57, 58
IP load file, 115
initialization records, 81
IP load hosts, 114
initialization records
L
creating, 85
current settings, 86
LAN LEDs, 141
displaying, 108
LEDs, 27, 28, 29, 35, 156
ENABLING/DISABLING, 91
error code displays, 131
RESETTING, 91
error codes, 129
INITIALIZE DELAY command, 33
errors, 132
initialize server and port parameters,
out-of-band management, 123
104
input voltage, 26
self-test mode, 83
troubleshooting, 128, 129
installation, 20
load file names, 98
installed memory display, 149
load files, 112
internet access
IP addresses, 30
IP ADDRESES
GATEWAYS, 100
IP addresses
current settings, 108
filenames, 112
problems with, 136
load images
defaults, 93
configuring, 114
location of, 88
default settings, 31
retrieving from hosts, 113
defining, 99, 115
load offer list, 139
gateways, 108, 116
load offers, 133
host address, 108
load protocols
HOSTS, 100
enabling/disabling, 120
image file locations, 113
load server addresses, 135
image files, 55
load server errors, 135
load servers, 134, 135, 136, 137
160
0038
Index (continued)
modify unit configuration, 91
description of, 20
load servesr, 133
modular adapter, 68
loading
MONITOR PARAMETER SERVER
command, 34
problems with, 134
loading image files, 55, 56
loading parameters, 139
MOP (Maintenance Operations
Protocol), 98
loading protocols, 82
MOP loading, 90
loading the image files, 52
MOP protocol, 16
login passwords, 43
N
M
NCP (Network Control Program), 98
Maintenance Operations, 16
NCP commands, 99
MAXserver 1604, 28
network
MAXserver 1604/1608B, 27
MAXserver 1608, 25
MAXserver 1620/1640, 24, 27
memory, 156
problems with, 134
network hosts
displaying name of, 118
network loading, 95
check setting, 132
network problems, 141
display current settings, 149
networks
reducing, 101
retrieving load images, 113
memory cards, 20
Non-volatile storage (NVS), 95
memory dumps, 90
NVS protocol, 90
memory errors, 131
O
memory loading problems, 132
memory requirements, 144
octopus cables, 68, 70
message counts, 135, 140
P
problems with, 137
MMJ connector, 67
modem connections, 76
modems, 36, 77
cabling schemes, 73
port settings, 61
0038
parameter servers
current status, 34
parameter files
loading problems, 139
161
Index (continued)
parameter load requests, 139
privileged mode, 38
parameter loading methods, 95
privileged password, 43
parameter server, 139
privileges, 37, 49
parameter servers
loading from a network host, 95
names and locations, 119
names and locations, 88
parameter service, 90
parameter storage, 33
parameters
display current settings, 133
passwords
description of, 48
restoring, 48
prompts
changing defaults, 46
display current settings, 47
protocols
default settings, 82
protocols
default settings, 93
default for configuration, 83
default settings, 16
default for privileged users, 48
dump files, 108
default settings, 31
enabling/disabling, 109
defaults, 37, 42
factory settings, 88
forgotten or lost, 45
for image loading, 111
logins, 43
for initialization records, 109
privileged users, 43, 44
for loading, 108
security cards, 45
MOP, 90
server default, 44
NVS, 90
pin assignments
DB-25, 67, 79
Ethernet 15-pin AUI, 78
parameter files, 108
XMOP, 90
punch down block, 68
RJ-45, 67, 79
R
pins assignments
RJ-45 jacks, 29
rack mount installations, 22
plotters, 36
rebooting the server, 33, 57
port lights, 34
records
power cords, 21
displaying, 107
power off the unit, 33
reinitialize the unit, 33
printers, 36
reinitializing the server, 57
162
0038
Index (continued)
reset initialization records, 91
software filenames, 108
RESET switch, 34, 35, 83, 150
software loading, 133
resetting parameters, 102, 117
software requirements, 15
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
speeds, 155
cable lengths, 155
(RARP), 16
reverse octopus cable, 70
startup and loading problems, 128
RJ-45 connectors, 63, 68
status messages, 81
RJ-45 jacks, 29
status messages, 100, 101
RJ-45 pin assignments, 79
stopping image loading, 113
RJ-45 pinouts, 29
T
RJ-45 to female MMJ adapter, 68
RJ-45 wiring, 63
technical specifications, 155
RTS/CTS flow control, 62, 74
Telco connector, 68
S
terminal emulation software, 30
TFTP, 16
secure ports, 49
time out messages, 137
self test mode, 83
troubleshooting, 128
self tests, 26, 34, 35, 140, 149
U
server settings
copying flash cards, 53
UNIX system, 16
deleting flash cards, 53
USERNAMES, 37
flash card updates, 55
V
initialization records, 109
IP load files, 112
rebooting, 57
status message display, 81
signals, 155
SIMM installation, 142, 149
VAX/VMS host system, 16
VAX/VMS installations
problems with, 135
voltage, 156
SIMMs
W
removing, 152, 153, 154
Single Inline Memory Modules
(SIMMs), 142
0038
wiring
modems, 76
163
Index (continued)
X
XMT, RCV, DCD, DTR, RING, 72
wiring schemes, 60
crossover cables, 64
for RJ-45, 63
straight-through cables, 64
XMOP loading, 90
XMOP,, 89
XPCSRV20 images, 52
wrist straps, 20
164
0038
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