iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference

iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
Printing Services
iGen4 Job Preparation
Quick Reference
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Contents
Introduction to our Quick Reference........................................................ ii
Setup... before you begin......................................................................... 1
Color consistency.......................................................................... 1
Soft proofing.................................................................................. 2
Paper size...................................................................................... 2
Paper guidelines............................................................................ 3
Image size and bleeds................................................................... 3
Color gamut advantages................................................................ 3
Gray balance................................................................................. 3
Create... begin your design...................................................................... 4
Text............................................................................................... 4
Graphics....................................................................................... 4
Spot colors (PANTONE®).............................................................. 4
Best black...................................................................................... 5
Tint uniformity............................................................................... 5
Gradients...................................................................................... 5
Images........................................................................................... 6
Total ink and dot gain.................................................................... 6
Variable data................................................................................. 6
Print... preparing your output................................................................... 7
Trapping........................................................................................ 7
Preflight checklist...are you ready?................................................. 7
Collect for output packaging......................................................... 7
File formats for printing................................................................. 7
Print settings.................................................................................. 8
PDF files........................................................................................ 8
Imposition..................................................................................... 8
Finishing....................................................................................... 8
Acrobat Distiller Job Options................................................................... 9
iGen4-Optimized Settings............................................................. 9
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iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
Introduction to our Quick Reference
Every production method has unique characteristics, and designers often make minor design
adjustments to take advantage of unique capabilities of a particular process to produce an
even more pleasing, desirable, and saleable document.
This section is intended as a quick reference tool for the graphic designer and prepress
operator as they begin the process of designing and preparing documents for print to the
Xerox iGen4.
While the following provides recommendations and overall best design practices that could
be applied to most digital production printing systems, some information applies only to the
iGen4. Text that pertains specifically to the iGen4 is highlighted in blue.
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Setup... before you begin
Before you start your design, follow the recommendations below regarding prepress topics
such as calibrating your monitor and determining the paper stock to use. These tips will help
you design a document with the print results you want.
Color consistency
To achieve greater predictability and consistency in the appearance of the printed output:
• Apply the Adobe color settings as shown in the figures below. The settings in Figure 1-1.
apply to all of your Adobe applications. The picture represents Adobe Creative Suite 5;
other versions may appear slightly different. Figure 1-2. applies to Macromedia Freehand.
The settings shown are for Freehand MX; other versions may appear slightly different.
Figure 1-3. applies to QuarkXPress for RGB and CMYK. The settings show QuarkXPress
6.5; other versions may appear slightly different.
• Since color management is always enabled, select the most common source space for
both RGB and CMYK.
Figure 1-1. Recommended color settings for
Adobe applications
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iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
Figure 1-2. Recommended color
settings for Freehand
Figure 1-3. Recommended color settings for QuarkXPress RGB on the left, CMYK on the right
Soft proofing
• If a standard CMYK space such as SWOP is the intended destination color space, you can
display an on-screen preview of how your document’s colors will look when printed from
your desktop application.
• Be sure to calibrate and characterize your monitor monthly for best results.
Paper size
• A list of supported media can be obtained from Printing Services or from our web site.
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• Printable sheets range in size from 7.0 in. x 7.0 in. (177.8 mm by 177.8 mm) to 14.33 in.
x 20.5 in. (364 mm x 520.7 mm) and the acceptable weight range is 16 lb. bond to 130
lb. cover (60 gsm bond to 350 gsm).
Paper guidelines
• Specify brighter papers to produce images with higher contrast.
• True white papers print with the most natural looking skin tones.
• Smooth or coated papers produce sharp images and increase the appearance of
glossiness.
• The best image quality is achieved with premium non-recycled papers.
• Design folds so that they run in the same direction as the paper grain.
• Use minimal ink coverage at the fold as cracking may occur with heavy ink coverage.
Image size and bleeds
• Do not design jobs to be printed to the edge of the sheet. Maintain a minimum 0.125 in.
(3 mm) blank border around the edge of the paper.
• For bleeds use the traditional 0.125 in. (3 mm) and trim to the desired finish size.
Color gamut advantages
The Xerox iGen4 can produce many colors that are outside the gamut of traditional SWOP
offset systems such as vivid blues, deep and bright purples and brilliant magenta.
Gray balance
Gray balance is dependant upon selections made at the printer. If you are creating gray colors
with RGB or CMYK combinations, consult Printing Services for the appropriate values needed
to achieve good neutrals.
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iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
Create... begin your design
Use the following tips to make the best design selections for both text and graphics when
printing to the iGen4.
Text
• Include all fonts in the file.
• Supported font types include PostScript Type 0, 1, 3, Open Type, True Type 42, Multiple
Master, Kanji and more.
• Select fonts from the Font menu and not from the Style menu (bold, italic, etc.).
• Preserve text as a font; do not rasterize text in the application.
• Create solid black with 100% K only for the most dense black.
• For solid text, the type size should be a minimum of 2 point. For reverse type, the type
size should be 3 point or higher.
• For tinted text, the type size should be a minimum of 4 point. For reverse type, the type
size should be 6 point or higher.
• When using Kanji fonts in both positive and reverse/negative text, select a font size of 8
point or larger for best results.
• With smaller text, sans serif fonts are recommended.
• Text containing at least one ink of 100% C or M or K presents the best appearance with
solid, rich colors.
• RGB solid text, such as 100% red, may reproduce as a tint. Define solid color text in
CMYK if possible.
Graphics
• Save graphics in EPS format for placement into page layout applications.
• Embed all fonts into graphic EPS vector art files.
• Colors for fine rules or small graphics, such as bullets and icons, print best when at least
one color separation (except yellow) is set to a solid or near solid color (e.g., 90-100%).
Spot colors (PANTONE®)
• Select PANTONE® colors by choosing them from the PANTONE spot color library. They
should be designated as spot colors and not as CMYK recipes.
• Do not change the name of PANTONE® colors (for example, Pantone 106C to Sunshine
Yellow or to Pantone 106C copy).
• When PANTONE® colors are desired, refer to a printed press sample provided by Printing
Services.
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• We can supply CMYK values for PANTONE® colors if you need to match colors in
images.
Best black
• The Xerox iGen4 produces the most dense black with 100% K (black) only. Additional
amounts of C or M or Y or CMY at 100% K will generally lighten blacks.
• When printing black on uncoated substrates, add a small amount of C, M or Y to improve
uniformity and minimize paper texture. It will, however, produce a black slightly less
dense than just 100% K only.
• Gray text, graphics, and gradients will be best produced if they are created with K only in
a CMYK working space. Transparencies Files containing transparencies are flattened when
printed to PostScript.
• In the page layout or design application, set the transparency raster/vector control to the
highest setting to prevent objects from being rasterized.
• Use an overprint preview or flattener preview to determine how the objects will look
when flattened.
Tint uniformity
• Digital printing systems may show slight variations in color within large areas of middensity tints. Color variation may also be emphasized with coated paper due to the
smoothness of the paper.
• Add a texture or noise to large area mid-density tints to improve color uniformity and
appearance, if needed.
• Design with smaller areas when using tints and/or design with colors that are less than
40% or greater than 70% in value.
Gradients
• Use PostScript Level 3 format.
• Use a color change of 100% of at least one color separation for gradients 7.5 inches (19.5
cm) in length and a change of 50% for gradients 3.25 inches in length.
• Sometimes adding noise or a gaussian blur can improve a gradient in Photoshop.
• Saturated colors generally produce the smoothest blends, however, avoid creating
gradients that blend from a very dark color to white.
• For gradients blending to white, set the same color to a 0% tint . Do not use white.
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iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
Images
• All images should be at their final resolution size of 300 dpi and placed in the page layout
at 100%.
• Images can be in RGB, CMYK or grayscale color spaces.
• Embed the correct ICC source color space profile with each image saved.
• Save images in EPS or TIFF format. Use an EPS format to preserve colors that may
otherwise be converted by an application such as Microsoft PowerPoint or Quark.
• Do not use JPEG or LZW compression.
• If sampling is required (although discouraged), bicubic should be used.
Total ink and dot gain
• The Xerox iGen4 is designed to expect a total ink limit of 325% and the traditional
commercial print amount of dot gain.
• No special considerations are necessary.
Variable data
Designs specifically created for variable printing require special considerations. Please
consult with Printing Services before you begin your design.
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Print... preparing your output
Use the following tips when preparing for output to the iGen4.
Trapping
• For best results, trapping should be applied at the printer and not in the application.
• Avoid instances where trapping to gradients is required (the change in color may not
reproduce well).
Preflight checklist...are you ready?
• Ensure that all graphics and images are in their final size, 100% at 300 dpi.
• Rotate, scale and edit images and graphics prior to placing them in page layout
applications.
• Deliver all source files to Printing Services: fonts, graphics, images and layout documents
(even for PostScript or PDF files when possible).
• Image file formats should be EPS or TIFF (not JPEG or TIFF with LZW compression).
• All spot colors should be designated as spot colors and not as CMYK recipes.
• Spell check your document.
• Remove all locally stylized fonts and mixed font types.
• Remove any trapping (allow the printer to do this).
• All bleeds should be set to 0.125 inches.
• Prepare a mock-up to give Printing Services as a finished example whenever possible.
Collect for output packaging
Use the Collect for Output or Package feature in the page layout application to gather all
fonts, graphics and images used in the job. This will ensure all elements are delivered to
Printing Services.
File formats for printing
The Xerox iGen4 accepts a variety of file formats for printing including PostScript 1, 2, 3,
PDF/Acrobat, Xerox VIPP and more.
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iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
Print settings
If you send PostScript or PDF files to Printing Services (as opposed to supplying the original
source files), use the following print settings in your page layout application:
• Use either the iGen4 PPD or Acrobat Distiller PPD for the Printer Description setting.
• Print a composite file (not separations).
• Be sure the paper size in the Page Setup is the same as in the Print dialog box.
• Set bleeds to 0.125 inches, if applicable.
• Do not apply color management when printing.
• Send all data (both graphics and images) in binary format, when possible.
• Images should be full resolution. Do not use sampling.
• Always download all fonts.
• Always use PostScript Level 3.
• Set the Transparency setting to the highest setting.
PDF files
• Create all PDF files using Acrobat Distiller.
• Do not use Export/Save As features in the applications, PDF Writer/Maker, or the Mac OS
X Save As PDF feature.
• Create PostScript from the source application using either the Xerox iGen4 PPD (available
from the Printing Services web page) or the Distiller PPD. Be sure to include all fonts.
• Download the iGen4 Job Options settings file for Distiller from our web page for best
results.
• Avoid compression where possible and use the Smooth Shading feature in Acrobat
Distiller.
Imposition
• Basic imposition can be performed by the RIP of the iGen4. We can work with you on the
proper set-up for multi-up jobs.
• If you plan to use binding, leave ample room for the gutter.
• Do not put bleeds on inside edges of pages to be imposed, facing pages in a book for
example.
Finishing
• How the final design is finished is up to you. Virtually any finishing option that would be
available for a commercial print job is a possibility.
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Acrobat Distiller Job Options
Use the following settings in Acrobat Distiller when preparing files intended for output on the
iGen4.
iGen4-Optimized Settings
The Distiller settings below are optimized for the color management and resolution
requirements of the iGen4. All fonts are embedded. These images were taken from Acrobat
Distiller 8; other versions may differ.
General settings.
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iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
Images should be downsampled to 300 (color & grayscale)
or 1200 dpi (mono) and uncompressed.
Low image resolution should not abort the PDF creation, but
should warn the user.
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All fonts used in the document should be embedded. No
fonts should be in the “always” and “never” embed lists.
Acrobat should not change the colors in the original file
when producing a PDF.
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iGen4 Job Preparation Quick Reference
These settings improve object fidelity, as well as preserving
spot colors.
Conformance to a specific PDF standard is unnecessary for
PDFs for iGen output.
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Printing Services
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