KODAK PROFESSIONAL T
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX
Films
October 2007 • F-4016
TECHNICAL DATA / BLACK-AND-WHITE FILM
CONTENTS
—NOTICE—
To reflect our enduring commitment to black-and-white
photography, Kodak moved black-and-white film production to an
even more advanced film-coating facility in early 2002. New
technology applied to these superior, time-tested emulsions
resulted in slightly different processing times for the film family.
But the same great films—those you've known and trusted for
years—will still deliver the same breathtaking results.
The packaging examples below are the best way to determine
which film you have. Refer to the corresponding publication for
development times.
Note: T-MAX 400 Film was improved in October 2007. Some film
characteristics, including processing times, have changed. Refer to
Kodak publication F-4043 for packaging examples.
2002-9/2007 packaging, refer
to this publication (F-4016)
New (10/07) packaging, refer
to Kodak publication F-4043:
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100, 400, and P3200
Films
Features and Benefits ..............................................
2
Sizes Available...........................................................
3
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 and 400 Films
Darkroom Recommendations ...............................
3
Storage and Handling ..............................................
3
Exposure .....................................................................
4
Adjustments for Long/Short Exposures ...
5
Filter Corrections.............................................
5
Manual Processing...................................................
6
Small-Tank Processing ...................................
6
Large-Tank Processing ...................................
7
Tray Processing ................................................
8
Rotary-Tube Processing .................................
8
Final Steps in Tank, Tray, and Rotary-Tube
9
Push Processing...............................................
10
Machine Processing.................................................
12
Contrast Adjustment ...............................................
13
Retouching .................................................................
13
Image Structure ........................................................
13
Curves..........................................................................
14
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX P3200 Film
Darkroom Recommendations ...............................
See page 30 (back cover) for complete information on film
identification.
©Eastman Kodak Company, 2007
19
Storage and Handling ..............................................
19
Exposure .....................................................................
19
Adjustments for Long/Short Exposures ...
20
Filter Corrections.............................................
20
Manual Processing...................................................
20
Small-Tank Processing ...................................
21
Large-Tank Processing ...................................
22
Rotary-Tube Processing .................................
23
Final Steps in Tank, Tray, and Rotary-Tube
24
Machine Processing.................................................
24
Image Structure ........................................................
25
Curves..........................................................................
25
More Information..............................................................
29
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film ⁄ 100TMX is
a continuous-tone panchromatic black-and-white
negative film for general outdoor and indoor photography.
It is especially useful for detailed subjects when you need
maximum image quality. It is also excellent for copying
black-and-white photographs, for making black-and-white
copies from color transparencies, and for
photomicrography. This film features medium speed (ISO
100/21° in most developers), extremely high sharpness,
extremely fine grain, and very high resolving power. It
allows a very high degree of enlargement.
You can also use T-MAX 100 Film to produce
high-quality black-and-white slides from camera-original
exposures, continuous-tone photographs, drawings,
artwork, and radiographs when you process it with the
KODAK T-MAX 100 Direct Positive Film Developing
Outfit. The T-MAX Outfit also lets you use this film to
produce copy negatives from black-and-white or color
negatives, to make duplicate black-and-white slides, or to
make black-and-white slides from color slides.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film ⁄ 400TMY is
a continuous-tone panchromatic black-and-white
negative film especially useful for photographing dimly
lighted subjects or fast action, for extending flash distance
range, and for photographing subjects that require good
depth of field and fast shutter speeds with maximum
image quality for the film speed. It is also useful for
scientific and biomedical work, especially when
fluorescence photography is required. It has high speed
(ISO 400/27° in most developers), very high sharpness,
extremely fine grain, and high resolving power; it allows a
high degree of enlargement.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX P3200
Film ⁄ P3200TMZ is a multi-speed continuous-tone
panchromatic black-and-white negative film that
combines high to ultra-high film speeds with finer grain
than that of other fast black-and-white films. It is especially
useful for very fast action; for dimly lighted scenes where
you can’t use flash; for subjects that require good depth of
field combined with fast shutter speeds; and for
handholding telephoto lenses for fast action or in dim light.
It is an excellent choice for indoor or nighttime sports
events and available-light press photography, as well as
law-enforcement and general surveillance applications
that require exposure indexes of 3200 to 25,000.
FEATURES
BENEFITS
• KODAK T-GRAIN
• Allows films with extremely fine
Emulsion that reshapes
grain to be made faster;
pebble-like crystals into a
high-speed films have finer grain.
tabular form with more
T-MAX Films offer the best of both
surface to catch light
worlds: high speed and fine grain.
• Improved sharpness
• Maintains subject detail in prints
at higher degrees of magnification
than conventional films.
• Expanded exposure
latitude
• Greater “forgiveness” with
overexposure errors; quality prints
from moderately under- or
overexposed negatives.
• Better highlight separation.
• Improved reciprocity at
long and short exposure
times
• Less compensation required than
with conventional films.
• 120-size film coated on a • Improved dimensional stability;
thicker (4.7-mil) base
easier darkroom handling.
than other
black-and-white roll films
• Virtually no difference
• No need to adjust exposure for
between the daylight and
different light sources.
tungsten film speeds
• More responsive to
zone-system
development changes
• Smaller time adjustments needed.
• No increase in processing • No need to segregate
time required for
one-stop-pushed film from
one-stop “push” with
normally exposed film. You can
most developers
mix normal exposures and
one-stop-pushed exposures on
the same roll. (You may want to
use paper one-half grade higher in
contrast to print one-stop-pushed
exposures.)
• Less development-time
increase required for film
pushed by two or more
stops
• Saves processing time.
• Processed in standard
developers, including
KODAK PROFESSIONAL
T-MAX Developer and
KODAK KODAK
PROFESSIONAL T-MAX
RS Developer and
Replenisher
• No need for a special developer.
You can process T-MAX Films
with other black-and-white films.
• T-MAX 100 Film—
excellent for use in copy
applications with normal
exposure and processing
• No need for contrast adjustment
or special processing.
• T-MAX 100 Film—
high-quality
black-and-white slides
with processing in the
KODAK T-MAX 100
Direct Positive Film
Developing Outfit
• Reversal applications with shorter
processing times.
• T-MAX 400 Film—
a versatile film for
all-around use
• Excellent for use under lighting
conditions from bright sunlight to
dim existing light.
• T-MAX P3200 Film—
• Allows photography in situations
speeds ranging from high
where it was previously
to ultra high
impossible.
2
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
SIZES AVAILABLE
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
Catalog numbers and packaging may differ from country to
country. See your dealer who supplies KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products.
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness. Do not develop these films by inspection.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Plate
The KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Plate is a
continuous-tone panchromatic plate that has the same
sensitometric characteristics as KODAK PROFESSIONAL
T-MAX 100 Film / 100TMX. It is especially useful for
photomicrography, electron micrography, and laser
recording, as well as solar and astronomical photography.
It provides maximum image quality for detailed subjects.
You can process this plate in KODAK PROFESSIONAL
T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher, KODAK XTOL
Developer, KODAK HC-110 Developer Replenisher
(Dilution B), or KODAK PROFESSIONAL Developer D-76.
For ordering information, see a dealer who sells KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Note: The afterglow from fluorescent lights may fog these
films. Make sure your darkroom is completely dark before
you handle unprocessed film.
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Store unexposed film at 75°F (24°C), or lower, in the
original sealed package. For protection from heat in areas
with temperatures consistently higher than 75°F (24°C),
you can store the film in a refrigerator. If film has been
refrigerated, allow the package to warm up to room
temperature for 2 to 3 hours before opening it.
Load and unload roll-film cameras in subdued light, and
rewind the film completely before unloading the camera.
Total darkness is required when you remove film from the
magazine or load and unload film holders.
Store exposed film in a cool, dry place, and process it
promptly.
Protect processed film from strong light, and store it in a
cool dry place. For more information, see KODAK
Publication No. E-30, Storage and Care of KODAK Films and
Papers—Before and After Processing.
3
EXPOSURE
Use This Exposure Index
The nominal speed of KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX
100 Film is EI 100. It was determined in a manner published
in ISO standards. Exposing the film at EI 100 should usually
lead to the minimum exposure required to produce
negatives of very high quality (see the following table).
This film has good latitude and responds well to changes in
development time. For consistent results, use the rated
speed or make tests to determine a speed rating that
meets your needs. For information on methods of
determining your best exposure and developer
combination, see KODAK Publication No. F-5, KODAK
Professional Black-and-White Films.
When you use T-MAX 100 Film for reversal
applications, expose it at EI 50. For more information on
reversal processing, see KODAK Publication No. J-87,
KODAK T-MAX 100 Direct Positive Film Developing Outfit.
The nominal speed of KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX
400 Film is EI 400. It was determined in a manner
published in ISO standards. Because of its great latitude,
you can underexpose this film by one stop (at EI 800) and
still obtain high quality with normal development in most
developers. There will be no change in the grain in the final
print, but there will be a slight loss of shadow detail and a
reduction in printing contrast of about one-half paper
grade.
When you need very high speed, you can expose
T-MAX 400 Film at EI 1600 and increase the development
time. With the longer development time, there will be an
increase in contrast and graininess with additional loss of
shadow detail, but negatives will still produce good prints.
You can even expose this film at EI 3200 with a longer
development time. Underexposing by three stops and
using three-stop push-processing produces a further
increase in contrast and graininess, and additional loss of
shadow detail, but the results will be acceptable for some
applications.
The speed numbers for these films are expressed as
Exposure Indexes (EI). Use these exposure indexes with
meters or cameras marked for ISO⁄ASA or ISO⁄DIN speeds
in daylight or artificial light.
The developer you use to process these films affects the
exposure index. Set your camera or meter (marked for
ISO⁄ASA or ISO⁄DIN speeds) at the speed for your
developer given in the table.
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX 100 Film
T-MAX 400 Film
MICRODOL-X
MICRODOL-X (1:3)
50 / 18°
100 / 21°
200 / 24°
320 / 26°
DURAFLO RT
80 / 20°
400 / 27°
Note: The developers and exposure indexes in bold type
are the primary recommendations.
Under most conditions, you’ll obtain highest quality with
normal exposure at the rated exposure index and normal
development. For high-contrast scenes, you’ll obtain
highest quality if you increase exposure by one or two
stops and process the film normally.
If normal development produces negatives that are
consistently too low in contrast, increase the development
time slightly (10 to 15 percent). If negatives are too
contrasty, decrease the development time slightly (10 to
15 percent). See “Adjusting Film Contrast.”
If your negatives are too thin, increase exposure by using
a lower exposure index; if too dense, reduce exposure by
using a higher exposure index.
Pushing Exposure* with KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX
Developer and KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX RS Developer and
Replenisher
KODAK
PROFESSIONAL
Film
1-Stop
Push
2-Stop
Push
3-Stop
Push†
T-MAX 100 Film
EI 200/24°
Normal
Processing
EI 400/27°
2-Stop Push
Processing
EI 800/30°
3-Stop Push
Processing
T-MAX 400 Film
EI 800/30°
Normal
Processing
EI 1600/33°
2-Stop Push
Processing
EI 3200/36°
3-Stop Push
Processing
*
Pushing exposure results in slight losses of quality compared with normal
exposure and normal processing. You can also use other Kodak developers
for pushing these films; however, T-MAX Developer and T-MAX RS
Developer and Replenisher produce higher-quality tone reproduction (better
shadow detail) under these conditions.
For high-contrast scenes, such as spotlighted performers under harsh
lighting, expose and process as indicated in the table. However, when detail
in the deep-shadow areas is important to the scene, increase exposure by 2
stops and process your film normally.
† Pushing exposure and processing by 3 stops increases contrast and
graininess and decreases shadow detail further. Expose and process a test roll
to determine if the results are acceptable for your needs.
Use This Exposure Index
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX
T-MAX 100 Film
T-MAX 400 Film
100 / 21°
400 / 27°
T-MAX RS
100 / 21°
400 / 27°
XTOL
XTOL (1:1)
100 / 21°
100 / 21°
400 / 27°
400 / 27°
D-76
D-76 (1:1)
100 / 21°
100 / 21°
400 / 27°
400 / 27°
HC-110 (B)
100 / 21°
320 / 26°
4
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
At the exposure times in the table below, compensate for
the reciprocity characteristics of these films by increasing
the exposure as shown.
T-MAX 100 Film
If Indicated
Exposure Time Is
(Seconds)
Use This
Lens-Aperture
Adjustment
1/10,000
+1/3 stop
Change
Aperture
1/1,000
None
None
OR
This Adjusted
Exposure Time
(Seconds)
1/100
None
None
1/10
None
None
1
+1/3 stop
Change
Aperture
10
+1/2 stop
15
100
+1 stop
200
T-MAX 400 Film
If Indicated
Exposure Time Is
(Seconds)
Use This
Lens-Aperture
Adjustment
OR
This Adjusted
Exposure Time
(Seconds)
1/10,000
None
None
1/1,000
None
None
1/100
None
None
1/10
None
None
1
+1/3 stop
Change
Aperture
10
+1/2 stop
15
100
+1 1/2 stops
300
Filter Corrections
The filter corrections for T-MAX 100 and T-MAX 400
Films are the same.
Increase exposure by the filter factor or the number of
stops indicated when you use filters. For greatest exposure
accuracy with a through-the-lens meter, take the meter
reading without the filter over the lens, and then increase
your exposure as shown in the table.
Daylight
KODAK WRATTEN Gelatin
Filter
Increase Lens
Aperture By
(f-stops)
OR
Tungsten
Increase Exposure
By (Filter Factor)
Increase Lens
Aperture By
(f-stops)
OR
Increase Exposure
By (Filter Factor)
No. 8 (yellow)
2/3
1.5
1/3
1.2
No. 11 (yellowish green)
1 2/3
3
1 2/3
3
No 12 (deep yellow)
1
2
1/3
1.2
No. 15 (deep yellow)
1
2
2/3
1.5
No. 25 (red)
3
8
2
4
No. 47 (blue)
3
8
4 2/3
25
No. 58 (green)
2 2/3
6
2 2/3
6
Polarizing Filter
1 2/3
2.5
1 1/3
2.5
Note: Filter factors for other Kodak black-and-white films
are different.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
5
PROCESSING
These starting-point recommendations are intended to
produce negatives with a contrast appropriate for printing
with a diffusion enlarger. To print negatives with a
condenser enlarger, you may need to adjust the contrast
by reducing your development time; see “Adjusting Film
Contrast.” Tank development times shorter than 5 minutes
may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
MANUAL PROCESSING
Small-Tank Processing (8- or 16-ounce tank)—Rolls
With small single- or double-reel tanks, drop the loaded
film reel into the developer and attach the top to the tank.
Firmly tap the tank on the top of the work surface to
dislodge any air bubbles. Provide initial agitation of 5 to
7 inversion cycles in 5 seconds, i.e., extend your arm and
vigorously twist your wrist 180 degrees.
Then repeat this agitation procedure at 30-second
intervals for the rest of the development time.
F002_0449AC
Small Tank Processing, (8- or 16-ounce tank)—Rolls
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX (1:4)*
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
NR
71⁄2
7
61 ⁄2
61⁄4
NR
7
61 ⁄2
6 1⁄2
6
—
—
—
—
10
—
—
—
15
5
(1:7) †
—
—
—
—
9 1⁄2
T-MAX (1:9)†
—
—
—
—
131⁄2
—
T-MAX
75°F
(24°C)
NR
8
71⁄2
7
61⁄4
NR
7
6
6
T-MAX RS (1:7)†
—
—
—
—
81⁄2
—
—
—
—
7
T-MAX RS (1:9)†
—
—
—
—
121⁄2
—
—
—
—
13
XTOL
81⁄2
71⁄2
61 ⁄2
6
5
71⁄2
6 1⁄2
53⁄4
5 1 ⁄4
41⁄2‡
XTOL (1:1)†
111⁄2
91 ⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
—
6 1⁄2
135: —
120: —
135: 83⁄4
120: 91⁄4
135: 8
120: 81⁄2
135: 71⁄2
120: 8
135: 7
120: 7
D-76
71⁄2
61 ⁄2
51⁄2
5
41⁄4‡
9
8
7
6 1⁄2
5 1 ⁄2
D-76 (1:1)
11
91 ⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
71⁄2
61⁄4
141⁄2
121⁄2
11
10
9
HC-110 (B)
61⁄2
6
51⁄2
5
4‡
61 ⁄2
6
51⁄2
5
41⁄2‡
MICRODOL-X
131⁄2
111⁄2
101⁄2
91 ⁄2
8
12
101⁄2
9
81⁄2
71⁄2
NR
17
151⁄2
141⁄2
121⁄2
NR
NR
20
181⁄2
16
T-MAX
RS*
MICRODOL-X (1:3)
*
The recommended standard dilution is 1:4.
using more dilute solutions of these developers than indicated in the table. Dilute developers require longer development times; they give slightly
higher film speed and a slight increase in graininess.
‡ Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
† We do not recommend
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
6
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Large-Tank Processing (1/2- to 3 1/2-gallon tank)—
Rolls and Sheets
Agitate continuously for the first 15 to 30 seconds by raising
and lowering the basket, rack, or spindle 1/2 inch. Do not
agitate the basket, rack, or spindle for the remainder of the
first minute. Then agitate once per minute by lifting the
basket, rack, or spindle out of the developer, tilting it
approximately 30 degrees, draining it for 5 to 10 seconds,
and reimmersing it. Alternate the direction of tilting the
basket, rack, or spindle.
Large-Tank Processing, (1/2- to 3 1/2-gallon tank)—Rolls
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
T-MAX
NR
81⁄2
8
71⁄2
7
NR
7
6 1⁄2
61⁄2
6
T-MAX RS
NR
83 ⁄ 4
81⁄4
7 3 ⁄4
7
NR
81⁄2
8
71⁄2
7
135: 73⁄4
120: 73⁄4
135: 7
120: 63⁄4
135: 61⁄2
120: 6 1⁄4
135: 51⁄2
120: 51⁄4
9
8
71⁄2
6 1⁄2
6
5
9
8
XTOL
91 ⁄2
81 ⁄ 4
71⁄4
61⁄2
5 1 ⁄2
135: 9
120: 9 1⁄4
D-76
81⁄4
71⁄4
61 ⁄2
5 3 ⁄4
43⁄4
10
HC-110 (B)
71⁄2
61⁄2
6
5 1 ⁄4
4 1 ⁄2
8
7
6 1⁄2
15
13
113⁄4
103⁄4
83⁄4
13
111⁄2
10
MICRODOL-X
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
Large-Tank Processing, (1/2- to 3 1/2-gallon tank)—Sheets
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
T-MAX RS
NR
83⁄4
81 ⁄ 4
7 3 ⁄4
7
NR
10
8
71⁄2
6
XTOL
91 ⁄2
81⁄4
71⁄4
6 1⁄2
5 1 ⁄2
10
81⁄2
71⁄4
63⁄4
53⁄4
D-76
81⁄4
71⁄4
61 ⁄2
5 3 ⁄4
43⁄4
11
10
9
8
7
HC-110 (B)
71⁄2
61 ⁄2
6
5 1 ⁄4
4 1 ⁄2
10
81⁄2
71⁄2
7
61 ⁄2
Note: Do not use KODAK T-MAX Developer to process sheet films.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
7
Tray Processing—Sheets
Provide continuous agitation; rotate the sheets 90 degrees as
you interleave them. Prewetting sheet film may improve tray
process uniformity.
Tray Processing—Sheets
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX RS
XTOL
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
NR
71⁄4
63 ⁄4
61 ⁄4
5 3 ⁄4
NR
8
8
63⁄4
6
51⁄4
4 1 ⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
6
—
XTOL 1:1
101⁄2
9
D-76
63 ⁄4
HC-110 (B)
61 ⁄ 4
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
7 1 ⁄2
7
6
71⁄4
61⁄4
—
5
101⁄2
91⁄2
—
71⁄4
8
7
5 3 ⁄4
51⁄4
43⁄4
4
91 ⁄2
7
61⁄2
6
5 1 ⁄2
51⁄2
43⁄4
41⁄2
33⁄4
9
7 1 ⁄2
7
61⁄2
6
Note: Do not use KODAK T-MAX Developer to process sheet films.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
Rotary-Tube Processing—Rolls and Sheets
Rotary-Tube Processing—Rolls
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX (1:4) *
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
—
73⁄4
71⁄4
63⁄4
6 1⁄4
61⁄2
61⁄2
6
5 1 ⁄2
10
(1:7)†
—
—
—
—
91 ⁄2
—
—
—
T-MAX (1:9) †
—
—
—
—
131⁄2
—
—
—
11
T-MAX RS*
—
73⁄4
71⁄4
63⁄4
6 1⁄4
61⁄2
6
51⁄2
5 1 ⁄2
T-MAX RS (1:7) †
—
—
—
—
81 ⁄ 2
—
—
—
7 1 ⁄2
T-MAX RS (1:9)†
—
—
—
—
121⁄2
—
—
—
81⁄2
T-MAX
5 1 ⁄2
41⁄2‡
XTOL
83⁄4
71⁄4
61⁄2
5 3 ⁄4
5
135:
120: 51⁄4
135: 5
120: 4 3⁄4‡
135:
120: 41⁄4‡
135: 4‡
120: 33⁄4‡
XTOL (1:1) †
113⁄4
93 ⁄4
83⁄4
73⁄4
6 3⁄4
135: 73⁄4
120: 7
135: 7
120: 6 1⁄2
135: 61⁄2
120: 6
135: 51⁄2
120: 51⁄4
D-76
71⁄2
61 ⁄4
5 3 ⁄4
5 1 ⁄4
41⁄4‡
7
61⁄2
6
5 1 ⁄2
7
53⁄4
5 1 ⁄4
43⁄4‡
4‡
6
5 1 ⁄2
5
5
HC-110 (B)
*
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
The recommended standard dilution is 1:4.
† We do not recommend using more dilute solutions of these developers than indicated in the table. Dilute developers require longer development times; they give slightly
‡
higher film speed and a slight increase in graininess.
Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
Note: Do not use KODAK T-MAX Developer to process sheet films.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
8
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Rotary-Tube Processing—Sheets
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK Developer or
Developer and Replenisher
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
65°F
(18°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
T-MAX RS*
—
73⁄4
71⁄4
63⁄4
61 ⁄4
61⁄2
6
51⁄2
51⁄2
T-MAX RS (1:7) †
—
—
—
—
81⁄2
—
—
—
71⁄2
—
121⁄2
—
—
—
81 ⁄ 2
T-MAX RS
(1:9)†
—
—
—
XTOL
83⁄4
71⁄4
61⁄2
53⁄4
5
61 ⁄ 4
51⁄2
5
4‡
XTOL (1:1) †
113⁄4
93⁄4
9
81⁄2
73⁄4
81 ⁄ 4
71⁄4
63⁄4
53⁄4
D-76
71⁄2
61⁄4
53⁄4
51⁄4
41⁄4‡
7
61 ⁄2
6
51⁄2
7
53⁄4
51⁄4
43⁄4‡
4‡
6
51⁄2
5
5
HC-110 (B)
*
The recommended standard dilution is 1:4.
do not recommend using more dilute solutions of these developers than indicated in the table. Dilute developers require longer development times; they give slightly
higher film speed and a slight increase in graininess.
‡ Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
† We
Note: Do not use KODAK T-MAX Developer to process sheet films.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
FINAL STEPS
Rinse at 65 to 75°F (18 to 24°C) with agitation in KODAK
Indicator Stop Bath or running water for 30 seconds.
Fix at 65 to 75°F (18 to 24°C) for 3 to 5 minutes with
vigorous agitation in KODAK Rapid Fixer. Be sure to agitate
the film frequently during fixing.
Note: To keep fixing times as short as possible, we strongly
recommend using KODAK Rapid Fixer. If you use another
fixer, such as KODAK Fixer or KODAFIX Solution, fix for 5
to 10 minutes or twice the time it takes for the film to clear.
You can check the film for clearing after 3 minutes in
KODAK Rapid Fixer or 5 minutes in KODAK Fixer or
KODAFIX Solution.
Wash for 20 to 30 minutes in running water at 65 to
75°F (18 to 24°C) with a flow rate that provides at least
one complete change of water in 5 minutes. You can wash
long rolls on the processing reel. To save time and
conserve water, use KODAK Hypo Clearing Agent.
Dry film in a dust-free place. To minimize drying marks,
treat the film with KODAK PHOTO-FLO Solution after
washing, or wipe the surface carefully with a KODAK
Photo Chamois or a soft viscose sponge.
Important
Your fixer will be exhausted more rapidly with these films
than with other films. If your negatives show a magenta
(pink) stain after fixing, your fixer may be near exhaustion,
or you may not have used a long enough time. If the stain
is slight, it will not affect image stability, negative contrast,
or printing times. You can remove a slight pink stain with
KODAK Hypo Clearing Agent. However, if the stain is
pronounced and irregular over the film surface, refix the
film in fresh fixer.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
9
PUSH PROCESSING
Push processing allows film to be exposed at higher speeds,
however, push processing will not produce optimum quality.
There will be some loss in shadow detail, an increase in
graininess, and an increase in contrast. The degree of these
effects varies from slight to very significant depending on the
amount of underexposure and push processing. The results are
usually excellent with 1-stop and 2-stop push, and acceptable
with 3-stop push depending on the lighting and the scene contrast.
Small Tank Processing, (8- or 16-ounce tank)—Rolls
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX
T-MAX RS
Development Time in Minutes
EI 200
EI 400
Development Time in Minutes
EI 800
EI 800
EI 1600
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
71⁄2
61⁄4
121⁄4
10
113⁄4
7
8
61⁄4
121⁄4
10
113⁄4
7
75°F
(24°C)
75°F
(24°C)
6
10
8
91 ⁄2
5
10
7
91 ⁄2
71⁄2
5
91⁄2
61⁄2
71⁄4
135:
120: 71⁄4
135: 5
120: 51⁄4
135:
120: 81⁄2
135: 6
120: 6
135: 63⁄4
120: 7
XTOL (1:1)
91⁄2
61⁄2
121⁄4
81⁄4
9
135: 91⁄2
120: 103⁄4
135: 73⁄4
120: 8
135: 103⁄4
120: 121⁄2
135: 81⁄2
120: 91⁄4
135: 91⁄4
120: 101⁄2
D-76
61⁄2
41⁄4*
81 ⁄ 4
5 1 ⁄2
NR
8
5 1 ⁄2
101⁄2
7
NR
6
4*
111⁄2
73⁄4
6
41⁄2*
81⁄2
6
NR
NR
71⁄4
EI 3200
68°F
(20°C)
XTOL
HC-110 (B)
*
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
81⁄2
Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
Large-Tank Processing, (1/2- to 3 1/2-gallon tank)—Rolls
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX RS
XTOL
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
EI 200
Development Time in Minutes
EI 400
EI 800
EI 1600
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
83⁄4
7
—
111⁄4
81⁄2
7
12
9
NR
12
71⁄4
135: 9
120: 81⁄2
135: 6
120: 6
135: 10
120: 10
135: 7
120: 6 3⁄4
135: 111⁄2
120: 111⁄4
135: 8
120: 73⁄4
—
—
—
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
EI 3200
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
10
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Large-Tank Processing, (1/2- to 3 1/2-gallon tank)—Sheets
KODAK Developer
or Developer and
Replenisher
T-MAX RS
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
EI 200
EI 400
EI 800
EI 1600
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
75°F
(24°C)
83⁄4
7
—
111⁄4
10
8
71⁄2
6
9
—
7 1 ⁄4
9 1⁄2
81⁄4
71⁄2
6 1⁄2
73⁄4
XTOL
—
—
Note: Do not use KODAK T-MAX Developer to process sheet films.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
Rotary-Tube Processing—Rolls
KODAK
Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
*
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
Development Time in Minutes
EI 200
EI 400
EI 800
EI 800
EI 1600
EI 3200
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
T-MAX
7 3 ⁄4
61 ⁄4
12 1⁄4
111⁄2
103⁄4
10
113⁄4
61⁄2
51⁄2
81⁄2
7
9
T-MAX RS
7 3 ⁄4
61 ⁄4
12 1⁄4
111⁄2
103⁄4
10
113⁄4
61⁄2
5
10
8
12
XTOL
7 1 ⁄4
5
9 1⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
7 1 ⁄2
6 1⁄2
71⁄4
135: 61⁄2 135: 41⁄2
120: 61⁄4 120: 41⁄4
135: 71⁄2
120: 71⁄4
135: 5
120: 5
135: 53⁄4
120: 53⁄4
XTOL (1:1)
93⁄4
73⁄4
12 1⁄4
—
—
81⁄4
9
135: 83⁄4
120: 81⁄4
135: 61⁄4
120: 6
135: 10
120: 9 3⁄4
135: 71⁄4
120: 7
135: 81⁄2
120: 81⁄4
D-76
61⁄4
41⁄4*
81⁄4
71⁄2
63 ⁄4
51⁄2
—
7
51⁄2
9
7
NR
HC-110 (B)
5 3 ⁄4
4*
111⁄2
101⁄4
91 ⁄4
7 3 ⁄4
5
81⁄2
7
NR
—
6
75°F
(24°C)
75°F
(24°C)
Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
Rotary-Tube Processing—Sheets
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
KODAK
Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
*
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Development Time in Minutes
EI 200
Development Time in Minutes
EI 400
EI 800
EI 800
EI 1600
EI 3200
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
68°F
(20°C)
75°F
(24°C)
75°F
(24°C)
T-MAX RS
73⁄4
6 1⁄4
121⁄4
111⁄2
103⁄4
10
113⁄4
61 ⁄2
51⁄2
10
8
12
XTOL
71⁄4
5
91⁄2
81⁄2
71⁄2
61⁄2
7 1 ⁄4
7
41⁄2
8
51⁄4
6
XTOL (1:1)
9 3⁄4
73⁄4
121⁄4
—
—
81 ⁄ 4
9
9 1⁄4
63 ⁄4
103⁄4
73⁄4
9
D-76
6 1⁄4
41⁄4*
81 ⁄ 4
71⁄2
6 3⁄4
5 1 ⁄2
—
7
51⁄2
9
7
NR
HC-110 (B)
53⁄4
4*
111⁄2
101⁄4
9 1⁄4
73⁄4
—
6
5
81 ⁄ 2
7
NR
Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
NR = Not Recommended
Note: The development times in the table are suggested starting points.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
11
MACHINE PROCESSING
Large Tank Rack-and-Tank Processors
Roller-Transport Processors
The development times for large-tank rack-and-tank
processors are based on a machine speed that transfers
the film every 2 minutes. The times given below are
starting-point recommendations for T-MAX RS Developer
and Replenisher and XTOL Developer. Make tests to
determine if results are acceptable for your needs.
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processors
You can process these films in roller-transport processors,
such as the KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Model 5,
11, or 411, with KODAK DURAFLO RT Developer Starter,
KODAK DURAFLO RT Developer Replenisher, and KODAK
Rapid Fixer.
Processing Steps and Conditions for KODAK VERSAMAT Film
Processors
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 and 400 Films
Step
No. of
Racks
Path Length
Model 11
Models 5
and 411
KODAK
PROFESSIONAL
Film
2
8.5 ft
(2.6 m)
4 ft (1.2 m)
80 ± 0.5°F
(26.5 ± 0.3°C)
Fix
3
12 ft (3.8 m)
6 ft (1.9 m)
80°F (26.5)
nominal
Wash
2
8 ft (2.4 m)
4 ft (1.2 m)
70 to 75°F
(21 to 24°C)
8 ft (2.4 m)
4 ft (1.2 m)
105 to 140°F
(40.5 to 60°C)
The recommended machine speeds for processing
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 and 400 Films are
as follows:
EI
T-MAX 100
100/21°
200/24°
T-MAX 400
400/27°
800/30°
Temperature
Develop
Dry
Large-Tank Rack-and-Tank Processing
KODAK
Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
Time (min)
at 72°F
(22°C)
T-MAX RS
or
XTOL
6 to 8
Replenishment Rates
T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher—Add 45 mL (1.5
ounces) of replenisher solution for each 135-36 or 120 roll
or 8 x 10-inch sheet of film processed. Stir or recirculate
the solution after each addition of replenisher solution.
Note: Do not use T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher to
replenish T-MAX Developer. They are not designed to
work together.
T-MAX 100
Film
T-MAX 400
Film
XTOL Developer—Add 70 mL (2.4 ounces) of replenisher
solution for each 135-36 or 120 roll or 8 x 10-inch sheet of
film processed. Stir or recirculate the solution after each
addition of replenisher solution.
KODAK VERSAMAT Film
Processor, Models 5 and 411
2.5 ft (0.8 m)
per minute
2.6 ft (0.8 m)
per minute
Push Processing: Roller Transport Processors
KODAK VERSAMAT Film
Processor, Model 11
5.3 ft (1.6 m)
per minute
5.5 ft (1.7 m)
per minute
Processor
You may need to use higher dryer temperatures (135 to
140°F [57 to 60°C]) to dry several sheet films processed
in succession. If you are processing only roll films, a lower
temperature will be adequate.
To process pushed T-MAX 100 or 400 Film in a machine
with DURAFLO RT Developer, use a normal machine
process with the machine speed shown in the appropriate
table below.
KODAK Film
EI
Machine Speed
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Models 5 and 411
Processing Conditions for Other Roller-Transport
Processors
Adjust the machine speed so that the development time
for normally exposed film is approximately 97 seconds for
T-MAX 100 Film and 85 seconds for T-MAX 400 Film. The
development time is measured from the time the film
enters the developer to the time it enters the fixer.
Differences in machine design that affect agitation and
crossover times from one tank to the next may require
development-time adjustments.
Replenishment Rates
Developer—Because most film loads will consist of a
variety of film types, use an average replenishment rate of
0.20 mL per square inch of film processed.
Fixer—Use 0.55 mL per square inch.
Note: T-MAX Films require a higher-than-normal fixer
replenishment rate.
12
T-MAX 100
T-MAX 400
200/24°
2.5 ft (0.8 m)/min (normal)
400/27°
1.9 ft (0.6 m)/min
800/30°
2.6 ft (0.8 m)/min (normal)
1600/33°
2.2 ft (0.7 m)/min
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Model 11
T-MAX 100
T-MAX 400
200/24°
5.3 ft (1.6 m)/min (normal)
400/27°
4 ft (1.2 m)/min
800/30°
5.5 ft (1.7 m)/min (normal)
1600/33°
4.5 ft (1.4 m)/min
Other Roller-Transport Processors
EI
Development Time
T-MAX 100
KODAK Film
200/24°
97 seconds (normal)
T-MAX 400
800/30°
85 seconds (normal)
T-MAX 100
400/27°
128 seconds
T-MAX 400
1600/33°
115 seconds
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Push Processing: Large Tank Rack-and-Tank
Processors
The development times for these processors are based on
a machine speed that transfers the film every 2 minutes.
The times given below are starting-point
recommendations. Make tests to determine if results are
acceptable for your needs.
KODAK
PROFESSIONAL
Film
T-MAX 100
200/24°
T-MAX 400
800/30°
T-MAX 100
200/24°
T-MAX 400
800/30°
T-MAX 100
T-MAX 400
T-MAX 100
T-MAX 400
*
EI
400/27°
1600/33°
400/27°
1600/33°
KODAK
Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
Temperature
Time* (min) at
72°F (22°C)
6 to 8
XTOL
6 to 8
XTOL
Development-Time Adjustment Factors
20% Less
Contrast
Normal
Contrast
20% More 40% More
Contrast
Contrast
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Developer and KODAK
PROFESSIONAL T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher
T-MAX RS
T-MAX RS
Note: These tables apply to negatives you will print with a
diffusion enlarger. If you use a condenser enlarger, shift
your selection one column to the left.
0.9 *
1.2
1.4
NR
72°F (22°C)
0.8*
1.1
1.3
1.7
75°F (24°C)
0.7*
1.0
1.2
1.5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Developer D-76 and KODAK
MICRODOL-X Developer
8 to 10
8 to 10
65°F (18°C)
1.0*
1.2
1.4
1.6
68°F (20°C)
0.8*
1.0
1.2
1.4
70°F (21°C)
0.7*
0.9
1.1
1.3
72°F (22°C)
0.7*
0.8
1.0
1.2
75°F (24°C)
0.6 *
0.7
0.9
1.0
KODAK HC-110 Developer Replenisher (Dilution B)
Development time depends on agitation and tank size.
CONTRAST ADJUSTMENT
If you want to increase or decrease film contrast from its
normal value, you can adjust your standard development
time. Your standard development time is the time that
produces normal negative contrast based on your
processing equipment and conditions, agitation, and
processing technique.
The table below provides adjustment factors for several
developers. The factors are based on a developer
temperature of 75°F (24°C) for KODAK T-MAX
Developers and a temperature of 68°F (20°C) for the
others. The “standard” for each developer is indicated by
1.0. To increase or decrease film contrast or to use a
different developer temperature, find the adjustment
factor in the table. Multiply the standard development time
by this factor to find the development time to use for a
different contrast or developer temperature (or both).
For detailed processing instructions for KODAK XTOL
Developer, see KODAK XTOL Developer, KODAK
Publication No. J-109.
68°F (20°C)
65°F (18°C)
0.7*
1.2
1.6
2.1
68°F (20°C)
0.6 *
1.0
1.4
1.8
70°F (21°C)
0.6 *
0.9
1.3
1.6
72°F (22°C)
0.5*
0.8
1.2
1.5
75°F (24°C)
0.4*
0.7
1.0
1.3
KODAK MICRODOL-X Developer (1:3)
75°F (24°C)
*
0.8*
1.0
1.3
1.5
If you select one of these factors, add one stop to your camera exposure.
NR = Not recommended
RETOUCHING
You can retouch KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Film in
120 and sheet sizes by applying liquid dyes to the base or
emulsion side. You can also use retouching pencil on the
base side after applying KODAK Retouching Fluid.
IMAGE STRUCTURE
The data in this section are based on development in
KODAK Developer D-76, at 68°F (20°C).
KODAK
PROFESSIONAL
Film
T-MAX 100
T-MAX 400
Resolving Power*
63 lines/mm
(TOC 1.6:1)
200 lines/mm
(TOC 1000:1)
50 lines/mm
(TOC 1.6:1)
125 lines/mm
(TOC 1000:1)
Diffuse rms
Granularity†
8
11
Determined according to a method similar to the one described in ISO 6328,
Photography—Determination of ISO Resolving Power.
† Read at a net diffuse density of 1.00, using a 48-micrometre aperture, 12X
magnification.
*
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
13
CURVES
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
Modulation Transfer Curves
Modulation Transfer Curves
200
200
100
100
30
70
50
20
30
RESPONSE (%)
RESPONSE (%)
70
50
10
7
5
Exposure: Tungsten
Process: Small Tank
KODAK Developer D-76, 68 F (20 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
3
2
20
10
7
5
3
Tungsten; KODAK PROFESSIONAL Developer
D-76; 20 C (68 F); Small Tank; Diffuse Visual
2
1
1
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
1
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
1
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
F4016B
F002_0542AC
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves*
Spectral Sensitivity Curves*
2.0
2.0
0.3 greater than D-min
0.3 greater than D-min
1.0
LOG SENSITIVITY *
LOG SENSITIVITY *
1.0
0.0
1.0 greater than D-min
Effective Exposure: 1.4 seconds
Process: KODAK Developer D-76,
68 F (20 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
1.0
1.0 greater than D-min
0.0
1.0
Effective Exposure: 1.4 seconds
Process: KODAK Developer D-76, 68 F (20 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
2.0
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
2.0
250
WAVELENGTH (nm)
300
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (ergs/cm ) required
to produce specified density
F002_0547AC
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
WAVELENGTH (nm)
2
2
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (ergs/cm ) required
to produce specified density
F002_0511AC
* The blue sensitivity of KODAK PROFESSIONAL
T-MAX Films is slightly less than that of other Kodak
panchromatic black-and-white films. This enables the
response of these films to be closer to the response of the
human eye. Therefore, blues may be recorded as slightly
darker tones with these films—a more natural rendition.
14
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
Characteristic Curves
3.0
4.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process: KODAK PROFESSIONAL
T-MAX Developer;
Small Tank; 20°C (68°F)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
Exposure: Daylight
Process: KODAK PROFESSIONAL Developer D-76;
Small Tank; 20˚C (68˚F)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
2.0
10 min
7.5 min
6 min
DENSITY
DENSITY
3.0
2.0
1.0
12 min
10 min
7 min
6 min
1.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
1.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
4.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process: KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX RS
Developer and Replenisher;
Large Tank; 20°C (68°F)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
DENSITY
3.0
15 min
13 min
10.5 min
8 min
2.0
1.0
0.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
15
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 100 Film
Contrast Index Curves
0.9
Process: Small Tank, 68˚F (20˚C )
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
CONTRAST INDEX
CONTRAST INDEX
0.9
0.6
D-76
D-76, (1:1)
T-MAX
T-MAX RS
XTOL
XTOL 1:1
HC-110 (B)
0.5
0.4
0.6
D-76
T-MAX RS
XTOL
0.5
HC-110 (B)
0.4
Process: Large Tank 68˚F (20˚C )
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.3
0.3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
4
18
6
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
CONTRAST INDEX
CONTRAST INDEX
0.9
0.6
XTOL
0.5
8
10
12
14
18
0.6
XTOL
0.5
XTOL 1:1
XTOL 1:1
0.4
16
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
0.4
Process: Rotary Tube, 68˚F (20˚C )
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
Process: Tray, 68˚F (20˚C )
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.3
0.3
4
6
8
10
12
14
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
16
18
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this publication represent product tested
under the conditions of exposure and processing specified. They are representative of
production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll of
photographic material. They do not represent standards or specifications that must be
met by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right to change and
improve product characteristics at any time.
16
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Characteristic Curves
4.0
4.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process: Large tank
KODAK T-MAX RS Developer and
Replenisher, 75 F (24 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
Exposure: Daylight
Process: Small tank
KODAK Developer D-76, 68 F (20 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
3.0
3.0
in
m in
12 0 m
1
in
m
in
10
2.0
DENSITY
DENSITY
12
m
in
8
m
in
6m
8 min
2.0
in
6m
1.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
4.0
0.0
1.0
F002_0509AC
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
3.0
2.0
0.0
1.0
F002_0512AC
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
4.0
4.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process:
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Model 5,
KODAK DURAFLO RT Developer Replenisher
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
Exposure: Daylight
Process: Small tank
KODAK T-MAX Developer, 75 F (24 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
3.0
3.0
in
2.0
9
in
m
)/m
DENSITY
DENSITY
11
in
m
in
7
m
.7
2
ft
2.
2.0
(0
in
)/m
m
0.9
t(
3f
in
5m
t
4f
1.0
1.0
m
in
/m
2
(1.
m)
0.0
0.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
0.0
F002_0507AC
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
0.0
F002_0513AC
17
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX 400 Film
Contrast Index Curves
0.9
1.2
T-MAX RS, 75˚F (24˚C)
T-MAX, 75˚F (24˚C)
HC-110 (B), 68˚F (20˚C)
0.8
CONTRAST INDEX
CONTRAST INDEX
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
Process: Small Tank
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
D-76, 68˚F (20˚C)
XTOL, 68˚F (20˚C)
D-76 (1:1), 68˚F (20˚C)
XTOL 1:1,, 68˚F (20˚C)
0.7
0.6
HC-110 (B), 68˚F (20˚C )
D-76, 68˚F (20˚C )
T-MAX RS, 75˚F (24˚C )
XTOL, 68˚F (20˚C )
0.5
0.4
Process: Large Tank
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.3
0.0
4
0
8
12
16
4
20
6
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
CONTRAST INDEX
CONTRAST INDEX
0.9
0.6
XTOL
0.5
8
10
12
14
XTOL
0.5
XTOL 1:1
0.4
Process: Rotary Tube, 68˚F (20˚C )
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
Process: Tray, 68˚F (20˚C )
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.3
0.3
4
6
8
10
12
14
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
18
18
0.6
XTOL 1:1
0.4
16
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
16
18
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX P3200 FILM
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness. Do not develop this film by inspection.
Note: Some darkroom timers will glow (fluoresce) for
some time after you turn off the lights in a darkroom. To
avoid fogging this film, turn the face of timers away from
the area where you handle unprocessed film.
The afterglow from fluorescent lights will also fog this
film. Make sure your darkroom is completely dark before
you handle unprocessed film.
STORAGE AND HANDLING
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX P3200 Film is very
sensitive to environmental radiation; expose and process it
promptly. Request visual inspection of this film at airport
x-ray inspection stations.
Store unexposed film at 75°F (24°C) or lower in the
original sealed package. For protection from heat in areas
with temperatures consistently higher than 75°F (24°C),
you can store the film in a refrigerator. If film has been
refrigerated, allow the package to warm up to room
temperature for 1 to 1 1/2 hours before opening it.
Load and unload your camera in subdued light, and
rewind the film completely before unloading the camera.
Store processed film in a cool, dry place.
These higher speeds allow you to take photographs in
many situations where photography was previously
impossible.
To expose this film at speeds higher than EI 6400, it is
critical that you make tests to determine if the results are
appropriate for your needs. For best results when you
expose the film at these speeds, use XTOL, T-MAX
Developer or T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher.
Note: Contrast and graininess will increase when you use
higher exposure indexes.
To expose film at speed settings that are higher than the
maximum setting on your camera or meter, set the meter
at a lower speed; then reduce the aperture or increase the
shutter speed to compensate.
You can also expose this film at EI 400 and obtain
outstanding shadow detail. See the processing tables.
The speed numbers for this film are expressed as
Exposure Indexes (EI). Use these exposure indexes with
meters or cameras marked for ISO⁄ASA or ISO⁄DIN speeds
in daylight or artificial light.
KODAK Developer or
Developer and Replenisher
T-MAX, T-MAX RS, or XTOL
EXPOSURE
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX P3200 Film is specially
designed to be used as a multi-speed film. The speed you
use depends on your application; make tests to determine
the appropriate speed.
The nominal speed is EI 1000 when the film is processed
in KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Developer or KODAK
PROFESSIONAL T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher, or
EI 800 when it is processed in other Kodak
black-and-white developers. It was determined in a
manner published in ISO standards. For ease in calculating
exposure and for consistency with the commonly used
scale of film-speed numbers, the nominal speed has been
rounded to EI 800.
Because of its great latitude, you can expose this film at
EI 1600 and yield negatives of high quality. There will be no
change in the grain of the final print, but there may be a
slight loss of shadow detail. When you need a higher
speed, you can expose this film at EI 3200 or 6400. At
these speeds, there will be a slight increase in contrast and
graininess with additional loss of shadow detail. (See the
processing tables for adjusted development times.)
Because of the shape of the characteristic curve of the
film, you will obtain better shadow detail and highlight
separation when you expose it at EI 3200 or 6400 than
you can obtain with 400-speed films pushed by 3 stops.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
*
Exposure Index
(EI)
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°*
25,000/45°*
D-76
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
HC-110 (Dilution B)
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
DURAFLO RT
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
Expose and process a test roll to determine if results at these exposure
indexes are acceptable for your needs.
19
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
At the exposure times in the table below, compensate for
the reciprocity characteristics of these films by increasing
the exposure as shown.
If Indicated
Exposure Time Is
(Seconds)
Use This
Lens-Aperture
Adjustment
OR
This Adjusted
Exposure Time
(Seconds)
1/10,000
None
None
1/1,000
None
None
1/100
None
None
1/10
None
None
1
+1/3 stop
Change
Aperture
10
+2/3 stop
15
100
+2 stops
400
Filter Corrections
Increase exposure by the filter factor or the number of
stops indicated when you use filters. For greatest exposure
accuracy with a through-the-lens meter, take the meter
reading without the filter over the lens, and then increase
your exposure as shown in the table.
Daylight
KODAK WRATTEN
Gelatin Filter
Increase Lens
Aperture By
(f-stops)
OR
Tungsten
Increase Exposure
By (Filter Factor)
Increase Lens
Aperture By
(f-stops)
1.5
1/3
OR
Increase Exposure
By (Filter Factor)
No. 8 (yellow)
2/3
1.2
No. 11 (yellowish green)
1 2/3
3
1 2/3
3
No 12 (deep yellow)
2/3
2
1/3
1.2
No. 15 (deep yellow)
2/3
2
2/3
1.5
No. 25 (red)
3
8
2
4
No. 47 (blue)
3
8
4 2/3
25
No. 58 (green)
2 2/3
6
2 2/3
6
Polarizing Filter
1 2/3
2.5
1 1/3
2.5
Note: Filter factors for other black-and-white professional
films are different.
MANUAL PROCESSING
Handle unprocessed film in total darkness. Do not develop
this film by inspection.
With properly exposed film, the starting-point
development times in the tables should produce negative
contrast suitable for printing with a diffusion enlarger. For
printing with a condenser enlarger, you may want to
reduce the development time to produce a lower contrast;
as a starting point, you can use the development time for
the exposure index one stop lower than the exposure index
you used to expose the film (see the processing tables).
For example, if you exposed your film at EI 3200 and will
print the negatives with a condenser enlarger, use the
development time given for EI 1600.
20
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Small-Tank Processing (8- or 16-ounce tank)
With small single- or double-reel tanks, drop the loaded film
reel into the developer and attach the top to the tank. Firmly
tap the tank on the top of the work surface to dislodge any
air bubbles. Provide initial agitation of 5 to 7 inversion cycles
in 5 seconds, i.e., extend your arm and vigorously twist your
wrist 180 degrees.
Then repeat this agitation procedure at 30-second
intervals for the rest or the development time.
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
Development Time in Minutes
Exposed at EI/DIN
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
80°F
(27°C)
85°F
(29°C)
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
81⁄2
91⁄2
101⁄2
12
131⁄2
151⁄2
NR
8
9
10
111⁄2
13
141⁄2
16
71⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
9
101⁄2
12
131⁄2
15
61⁄2
71⁄2
8
91⁄2
11
12
131⁄2
51⁄2
61 ⁄2
7
8
9
10
111⁄2
41⁄2*
51⁄2
6
61 ⁄2
71⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
91 ⁄2
800/30°
800/30°
—
—
—
—
—
—
13
191⁄2
—
—
—
—
T-MAX RS
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
9
101⁄2
12
141⁄2
161⁄2
181⁄2
NR
81⁄2
9 1⁄2
11
13
15
17
NR
71⁄2
9
10
12
131⁄2
151⁄2
17
7
81⁄2
91⁄2
111⁄2
13
141⁄2
161⁄2
61 ⁄2
71⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
10
111⁄2
13
141⁄2
51⁄2
61 ⁄2
7
81 ⁄ 2
10
11
121⁄2
XTOL
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
91⁄2
101⁄2
111⁄2
131⁄2
151⁄4
171⁄4
19
81⁄2
9 1⁄2
101⁄2
121⁄4
14
153⁄4
171⁄2
73⁄4
83 ⁄ 4
91 ⁄2
111⁄4
123⁄4
141⁄4
153⁄4
63⁄4
71⁄2
81⁄4
91⁄2
11
121⁄4
133⁄4
51⁄4
6
61 ⁄2
71⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
9 3⁄4
103⁄4
41⁄4*
41⁄2*
5
6
63 ⁄4
71⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
XTOL (1:1)
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
121⁄2
14
16
181⁄2
201⁄2
221⁄2
25
111⁄2
13
14
16 1⁄2
181⁄2
201⁄2
23
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
10
111⁄2
121⁄2
141⁄2
16
18
20
8
9
10
111⁄2
13
141⁄2
16
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
D-76
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
101⁄2
111⁄2
121⁄2
14
151⁄2
9 1⁄2
101⁄2
111⁄2
13
14
81 ⁄ 2
91 ⁄2
101⁄2
111⁄2
13
71⁄2
81⁄2
9
101⁄2
111⁄2
6
61 ⁄2
71⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
9
5
51⁄2
6
61 ⁄2
71⁄2
HC-110 (Dilution B)
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
71⁄2
81⁄2
91 ⁄4
101⁄2
12
6 1⁄2
71⁄4
8
9
101⁄4
51⁄2
61 ⁄4
63 ⁄4
73⁄4
83 ⁄ 4
5
5 3 ⁄4
61⁄4
7
8
41⁄4*
43⁄4*
51⁄4
6
6 3⁄4
33⁄4*
41⁄4*
41⁄2*
51⁄4
53⁄4
T-MAX
T-MAX (1:7)
T-MAX (1:9)
*
Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
NR = Not recommended
Note: These development times are suggested starting points. Make tests to determine the best development time for your
application.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
21
Large-Tank Processing (1/2- to 3 1/2-gallon tank)
Agitate continuously for the first 15 to 30 seconds by
raising and lowering the basket, rack, or spindle 1/2 inch.
Do not agitate the basket, rack, or spindle for the remainder
of the first minute. Then agitate once per minute by lifting
the basket, rack, or spindle out of the developer, tilting it
approximately 30 degrees, draining it for 5 to 10 seconds,
and reimmersing it. Alternate the direction of tilting the
basket, rack, or spindle.
KODAK
Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
Exposed at
EI
Development Time in Minutes
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
75°F
(22°C) (24°C)
T-MAX RS
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
10
12
131⁄2
161⁄2
NR
NR
91 ⁄2
101⁄2
121⁄2
141⁄2
17
NR
81 ⁄ 2
10
111⁄2
131⁄2
15
171⁄2
8
91⁄2
101⁄2
13
141⁄2
161⁄2
XTOL
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
101⁄2
113⁄4
13
151⁄4
171⁄4
19 1⁄4
211⁄2
91 ⁄2
103⁄4
12
133⁄4
153⁄4
171⁄2
191⁄2
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
71⁄2
81⁄2
91 ⁄4
103⁄4
121⁄4
133⁄4
151⁄4
NR = Not recommended
Note: These development times are suggested starting
points. Make tests to determine the best development
time for your application.
22
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Rotary-Tube Processing
Follow the agitation recommendations for your processor.
KODAK Developer or
Developer and
Replenisher
*
Development Time in Minutes
Exposed at EI/DIN
68°F
(20°C)
70°F
(21°C)
72°F
(22°C)
75°F
(24°C)
80°F
(27°C)
85°F
(29°C)
T-MAX
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
81⁄2
9 1⁄2
101⁄2
12
131⁄2
151⁄2
NR
8
9
10
111⁄2
13
141⁄2
16
71⁄2
81⁄2
9
101⁄2
12
131⁄2
15
61 ⁄2
71⁄2
8
91 ⁄2
11
12
131⁄2
5 1 ⁄2
61⁄2
7
8
9
10
111⁄2
41⁄2*
51⁄2
6
61⁄2
71⁄2
81⁄2
91⁄2
T-MAX RS
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
9
101⁄2
12
141⁄2
161⁄2
181⁄2
NR
81⁄2
91⁄2
11
13
15
17
NR
71⁄2
9
10
12
131⁄2
151⁄2
17
7
81 ⁄ 2
91 ⁄2
111⁄2
13
141⁄2
16 1⁄2
61⁄2
7 1 ⁄2
81⁄2
10
111⁄2
13
14 1⁄2
51⁄2
61⁄2
7
81⁄2
10
11
121⁄2
XTOL
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
9 1⁄2
101⁄2
111⁄2
131⁄2
15 1⁄4
171⁄4
19
81⁄2
91⁄2
101⁄2
121⁄4
14
153⁄4
171⁄2
7 3 ⁄4
83⁄4
91⁄2
111⁄4
12 3⁄4
14 1⁄4
153⁄4
6 3⁄4
71⁄2
81⁄4
91 ⁄2
11
121⁄4
133⁄4
51⁄4
6
61⁄2
7 1 ⁄2
81⁄2
93⁄4
103⁄4
41⁄4*
41⁄2*
5
6
63⁄4
71⁄2
81⁄2
XTOL (1:1)
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
25,000/45°
121⁄2
14
16
181⁄2
201⁄2
221⁄2
25
111⁄2
13
14
161⁄2
181⁄2
201⁄2
23
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
10
111⁄2
121⁄2
141⁄2
16
18
20
8
9
10
111⁄2
13
14 1⁄2
16
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
D-76
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
101⁄2
111⁄2
121⁄2
14
151⁄2
91⁄2
101⁄2
111⁄2
13
14
81⁄2
91⁄2
101⁄2
111⁄2
13
71⁄2
81 ⁄ 2
9
101⁄2
111⁄2
6
61⁄2
7 1 ⁄2
81⁄2
9
5
51⁄2
6
61⁄2
71⁄2
HC-110 (Dilution B)
400/27°
800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
71⁄2
81⁄2
91⁄4
101⁄2
12
61⁄2
71⁄4
8
9
101⁄4
51⁄2
61⁄4
63⁄4
7 3 ⁄4
83⁄4
5
53⁄4
6 1⁄4
7
8
41⁄4*
43⁄4*
51⁄4
6
63⁄4
33⁄4*
41⁄4*
41⁄2*
5 1 ⁄4
5 3 ⁄4
Development times shorter than 5 minutes may produce unsatisfactory uniformity.
NR = Not recommended
Note: These development times are suggested starting points. Make tests to determine the best development time for your
application.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
23
Final Steps
MACHINE PROCESSING
Rinse at 70 to 85°F (21 to 29°C) with agitation in KODAK
Indicator Stop Bath or running water for 30 seconds.
Fix at 70 to 85°F (21 to 29°C) for 3 to 5 minutes with
vigorous agitation in KODAK Rapid Fixer. Be sure to agitate
the film frequently during fixing.
Roller-Transport Processors
Note: To keep fixing times as short as possible, we strongly
recommend using KODAK Rapid Fixer. If you use another
fixer, such as KODAK Fixer or KODAFIX Solution, fix for 5
to 10 minutes or twice the time it takes for the film to clear.
You can check the film for clearing after 3 minutes in
KODAK Rapid Fixer or 5 minutes in KODAK Fixer or
KODAFIX Solution.
Important
Your fixer will be exhausted more rapidly with this film
than with other films. If your negatives show a magenta
(pink) stain after fixing, your fixer may be near exhaustion,
or you may not have used a long enough time. If the stain
is slight, it will not affect image stability, negative contrast,
or printing times. You can remove a slight pink stain with
KODAK Hypo Clearing Agent. However, if the stain is
pronounced and irregular over the film surface, refix the
film in fresh fixer.
Wash for 20 to 30 minutes in running water at 70 to
85°F (21 to 29°C) with a flow rate that provides at least
one complete change of water in 5 minutes. To save time
and conserve water, use KODAK Hypo Clearing Agent.
Dry film in a dust-free place. To minimize drying marks,
treat the film with KODAK PHOTO-FLO Solution after
washing, or wipe the surfaces carefully with a KODAK
Photo Chamois or a soft viscose sponge.
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processors
You can process this film in roller-transport processors,
such as the KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Model 5,
11, or 411, with KODAK DURAFLO RT Developer Starter,
KODAK DURAFLO RT Developer Replenisher, and KODAK
Rapid Fixer.
Processing Steps and Conditions for KODAK VERSAMAT Film
Processors
Path Length
Step
No. of
Racks
Model 11
Models 5 and
411
Develop
2
8.5 ft (2.6 m)
4 ft (1.2 m)
80 ± 0.5°F
(26.5 ± 0.3°C)
Fix
3
12 ft (3.8 m)
6 ft (1.9 m)
80°F (26.5)
nominal
Wash
2
8 ft (2.4 m)
4 ft (1.2 m)
70 to 75°F
(21 to 24°C)
8 ft (2.4 m)
4 ft (1.2 m)
105 to 140°F
(40.5 to 60°C)
Dry
Temperature
The recommended machine speeds for processing
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX P3200 Film are as
follows:
EI
Machine Speed
Development Time
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Models 5 and 411
800/30°
0.7 m (2.2 ft) / min
109 seconds
120 seconds
1600/33°
0.6 m (2.0 ft) / min
3200/36°
0.5 m (1.7 ft) / min
141 seconds
6400/39°
0.5 m (1.5 ft) / min
160 seconds
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Model 11
800/30°
1.4 m (4.5 ft) / min
113 seconds
1600/33°
1.2 m (4.0 ft) / min
128 seconds
3200/36°
1.1 m (3.5 ft) / min
146 seconds
6400/39°
0.9 m (3.0 ft) / min
170 seconds
Processing Conditions for Other Roller-Transport
Processors
Select a starting point from either of the above tables. The
development time is measured from the time the film
enters the developer to the time it enters the fixer.
Differences in machine design that affect agitation and
crossover times from one tank to the next may require
development-time adjustments.
Replenishment Rates
Replenisher—Use an average replenishment rate of 0.20
mL per square inch of film processed.
Fixer—Use 0.55 mL per square inch of film processed.
Note: T-MAX Films require a higher-than-normal fixer
replenishment rate.
24
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
CURVES
Large-Tank Rack-and-Tank Processors
The development times for large-tank rack-and-tank
processors are based on a machine speed that transfers
the film every 2 minutes. The times given below are
starting-point recommendations. Make tests to determine
if results are acceptable for your needs.
Modulation Transfer Curves
200
100
Large-Tank Rack-and-Tank Processing
T-MAX RS
at 72°F (22°C)
XTOL
at 75°F (24°C)
*
EI
Development
Time* in
Minutes
400/27° to 800/30°
1600/33°
3200/36°
6400/39°
12,500/42°
6 to 8
8 to 10
10 to 12
12 to 14
14 to 16
400/27° to 800/30°
1600/33° to 3200/36°
6400/39° to 12,500/42°
6 to 8
8 to 10
10 to 12
30
RESPONSE (%)
KODAK Developer
or KODAK
Developer and
Replenisher
70
50
20
10
7
5
Exposure: Tungsten
Process: Small tank
KODAK Developer D-76, 68 (20 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
3
2
1
1
2
10
20
50
100
200
600
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
Development time depends on agitation and tank size.
F002_0516AC
Replenishment Rates
T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher—Add 45 mL (1.5
ounces) of replenisher solution for each 135-36 roll of film
processed. Stir or recirculate the solution after each
addition of replenisher solution.
Spectral Sensitivity Curves*
Note: Do not use T-MAX RS Developer and Replenisher to
replenish T-MAX Developer. They are not designed to
work together.
3.0
XTOL Developer—Add 70 mL (2.4 ounces) of replenisher
solution for each 135-36 roll of film processed. Stir or
recirculate the solution after each addition of replenisher
solution.
2.0
0.3 greater than D-min
LOG SENSITIVITY *
IMAGE STRUCTURE
3 4 5
1.0 greater than D-min
1.0
0.0
Effective Exposure: 1.4 seconds
Process: KODAK Developer D-76, 68 F (20 C)
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
The data in this section are based on development in
KODAK Developer D-76, at 68°F (20°C).
1.0
Resolving Power*
40 lines/mm
(TOC 1.6:1)
125 lines/mm
(TOC 1000:1)
Diffuse rms Granularity†
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
WAVELENGTH (nm)
2
18
*
Determined according to a method similar to the one described in ISO 6328,
Photography—Determination of ISO Resolving Power.
† Read at a net diffuse density of 1.00, using a 48-micrometre aperture, 12X
magnification.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (ergs/cm ) required
to produce specified density
F002_0523AC
* The blue sensitivity of KODAK PROFESSIONAL
T-MAX Films is slightly less than that of other Kodak
panchromatic black-and-white films. This enables the
response of this film to be closer to the response of the
human eye. Therefore, blues may be recorded as slightly
darker tones with these films—a more natural rendition.
25
Characteristic Curves
4.0
4.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process: KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Developer;
Small Tank; 20°C (68°F)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
3.0
13 min
11 min
9 min
8 min
DENSITY
DENSITY
3.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process: KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX RS
Developer and Replenisher;
Large Tank; 20°C (68°F)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
2.0
1.0
9 min
10 min
12 min
14 min
17 min
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
1.0
4.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
1.0
2.0
0.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
4.0
4.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process: KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Developer;
Rotary-Tube 20°C (68°F)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
Exposure: Daylight
Process:
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Model 5,
KODAK DURAFLO RT Developer Replenisher
3.0
3.0
8 min
10 min
12 min
14 min
2.0
in
/m
DENSITY
DENSITY
3.0
0.
ft (
1.5
2.0
t
6
(0.
.8
t (0
m)
in
/m
m)
f
(1
4 ft
in
)/m
.2 m
1.0
in
/m
2f
2.5
1.0
)
5m
3 ft (0.9 m)/min
0.0
0.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
0.0
1.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
0.0
F002_0522AC
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this publication represent product tested
under the conditions of exposure and processing specified. They are representative of
production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll of
photographic material. They do not represent standards or specifications that must be
met by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right to change and
improve product characteristics at any time.
26
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
Contrast Index Curves
1.1
Process: Small Tank
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
CONTRAST INDEX
CONTRAST INDEX
1.1
0.8
0.7
0.6
HC-110, 68˚F (20˚C)
D-76, 68˚F (20˚C)
T-MAX RS, 75˚F (24˚C)
T-MAX, 75˚F (24˚C)
0.5
0.4
Process: Small Tank; KODAK XTOL Developer
(no diluton)
0.8
0.7
68˚F (20˚C)
70˚F (21˚C)
75˚F (24˚C)
80˚F (27˚C)
85˚F (29˚C)
0.6
0.5
0.4
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.3
0.3
4
8
12
16
20
4
24
8
12
16
20
24
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
1.2
1.1
Process: KODAK DURAFLO RT Developer
Replenisher 27˚C (80˚F);
KODAK VERSAMAT Film Processor, Model 5
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
1.0
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.6
68˚F (20˚C)
70˚F (21˚C)
75˚F (24˚C)
80˚F (27˚C)
0.5
0.4
CONTRAST INDEX
CONTRAST INDEX
0.9
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
Process: Small Tank; KODAK XTOL Developer (1:1)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.0
0.3
4
8
12
16
20
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
24
0
1
2
3
4
5
Machine Speed (ft / min)
27
1.1
Process: Rotary Tube
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
CONTRAST INDEX
CONTRAST INDEX
1.1
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.8
0.7
68˚F (20˚C)
70˚F (21˚C)
75˚F (24˚C)
80˚F (27˚C)
85˚F (29˚C)
0.6
0.5
HC-110, 68˚F (20˚C)
D-76, 68˚F (20˚C)
T-MAX RS, 75˚F (24˚C)
T-MAX, 75˚F (24˚C)
0.5
Process: Rotary Tube; KODAK XTOL Developer
(no diluton)
0.4
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.3
0.3
4
8
12
16
20
4
24
8
12
16
20
24
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
1.1
1.0
CONTRAST INDEX
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
68˚F (20˚C)
70˚F (21˚C)
75˚F (24˚C)
80˚F (27˚C)
0.5
0.4
Process: Rotary Tube; KODAK XTOL Developer (1:1)
Densitometry: Diffuse Visual
0.3
4
8
12
16
20
24
DEVELOPMENT TIME (MINUTES)
28
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
MORE INFORMATION
Kodak has many publications to assist you with
information on Kodak products, equipment, and materials.
The following publications are available from dealers
who sell Kodak products, or you can contact Kodak in your
country for more information.
E-30
Storage and Care of Photographic Materials—Before
and After Processing
ED-1
Processing KODAK Black-and-White Films and
Papers
E103BF
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Black-and-White Films
E103BP
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Black-and-White Papers
E103CF
Chemicals for KODAK PROFESSIONAL
Black-and-White Films
F-2
Pathways to Black and White
G-10
KODAK AZO Paper
G-16
KODABROME II RC Paper
G-21
KODAK POLYCONTRAST III RC Paper
G-23
Toning KODAK Black-and-White Materials
G-24
KODAK POLYMAX Fine-Art Paper
G-26
KODAK POLYMAX II RC Paper
G-27
KODAK PANALURE SELECT RC Paper
G-28
KODAK P-MAX Art RC Paper
J-24
KODAK HC-110 Developer
J-78
KODAK Developer D-76
J-86
KODAK T-MAX Developers
J-87
KODAK T-MAX 100 Direct Positive Film Developing
Outfit
J-109
KODAK XTOL Developer
For the latest version of technical support publications for KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products, visit Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com/go/professional
If you have questions about KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products,
call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Ext. 19, Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for
use with KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films are
available from dealers who supply KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products. You can use other materials,
but you may not obtain similar results.
The following books are available from photo-specialty
dealers who sell Kodak products:
F-5
KODAK Professional Black-and-White Films
R-20
KODAK Black-and-White Darkroom DATAGUIDE
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films • F-4016
29
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films
Familiar films. New processing times. Same great prints.
To reflect our enduring commitment to black-and-white photography, black-and-white film production will take place in an
even more advanced film-coating facility. New technology applied to these superior, time-tested emulsions will result in slightly
different processing times for the film family. But the same great films—those you've known and trusted for years—will still
deliver the same breathtaking results.
Use the packaging examples below to determine which film you have,
then refer to the corresponding publication for development times.
New packaging, refer to this publication (F-4016)
Former packaging, refer to Kodak publication F-32:
Kodak, Kodak Professional, Azo, Dataguide, D-76, Duraflo, Estar, HC-110, Kodabrome,
Kodafix, Microdol-X, P-Max, Panalure, Photo-Flo, Polycontrast, Polymax, T-Grain, T-Max,
Versamat, Wratten, and Xtol are trademarks.
Revised 10-07
Printed in U.S.A.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL T-MAX Films
KODAK Publication No. F-4016
Film & Photofinishing Systems Group
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY • ROCHESTER, NY 14650
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