ps/px/pc series - Midwest Engineering

ps/px/pc series - Midwest Engineering
PS/PX/PC SERIES
POWER STATION
User Guide
Parker Automation – CTC
50 W. TechneCenter Drive, Milford, Ohio 45150
Phone: 513-831-2340
Technical Support: 513-248-1714
A3-06275-103
Copyright and Trademark Notice
Copyright © 2004 by Parker Automation - CTC. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, in any form or by any means, mechanical,
photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written consent of Parker Automation - CTC.
While every precaution has been taken in preparing this manual, Parker Automation - CTC and the author
assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from
the use of the information contained herein. All product and company names are trademarks of their
respective companies and licenses.
Product Warranty Information
Parker Automation - CTC provides top quality products through rigid testing and the highest quality control
standards. However, should a problem occur with your hardware or with the software protection key, our
standard product warranty covers these items for 15 months from the date of shipment. Exceptions appear
below:
•
Backlight bulbs have a 90-day warranty.
•
Third-party products, such as bus cards, carry the manufacturer’s specified warranty.
•
For all displays, image retention (burn-in) is not covered by warranty.
•
Software revisions that occur within 60 days after purchase are available, under warranty,
upon request. Please review the software License Agreement for additional software warranty
information.
If you have any questions about your application or need technical assistance, please check the Support page
on the CTC website www.ctcusa.com or call Technical Support at 513-248-1714, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.,
Eastern Time. You may call this same number after hours for emergency assistance. See Customer Support
Services on page 5 for more information about our support products and services.
Product Usage Notice
The SOFTWARE and/or HARDWARE comprised as a PowerStation is not designed, manufactured, or
intended for use or resale as online control equipment in hazardous environments requiring fail-safe
performance, such as in the operation of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or communication systems, air
traffic control, direct life support machines, or weapons systems, in which the failure of this technology could
lead directly to death, personal injury, or severe physical or environmental damage.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Overview and Support Services .....................................................................7
What’s in this User Guide? ................................................................................................8
Documentation Standards .................................................................................................9
Text Conventions......................................................................................................................................... 9
ISO Symbols................................................................................................................................................ 9
Customer Support Services...............................................................................................9
Technical Support...................................................................................................................................... 10
Training and New Business Development ................................................................................................ 10
Documentation ................................................................................................................11
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation ..........................................12
Hardware Overview .........................................................................................................13
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation Custom Model Numbers ........................................................................ 13
Software Overview ..........................................................................................................15
CPU Card .................................................................................................................................................. 17
BIOS................................................................................................................................19
Displays ...........................................................................................................................21
Display with Function Keypad ................................................................................................................... 21
Drives ..............................................................................................................................22
Compact Flash Slots ................................................................................................................................. 22
Hard Drive.................................................................................................................................................. 24
CD-ROM or CD-R/W Drive........................................................................................................................ 24
Floppy Drive .............................................................................................................................................. 24
Drive Functions.......................................................................................................................................... 25
Ports ................................................................................................................................26
Serial Ports ................................................................................................................................................ 27
Parallel Port ............................................................................................................................................... 29
PS/2 Ports.................................................................................................................................................. 30
Ethernet Port ............................................................................................................................................. 30
Video Port .................................................................................................................................................. 30
USB Ports .................................................................................................................................................. 31
Power Supply ..................................................................................................................31
Battery ....................................................................................................................................................... 31
Fuse........................................................................................................................................................... 32
System Peripheral Devices .............................................................................................32
Watchdog Timer ........................................................................................................................................ 32
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
3
PowerSmart ...............................................................................................................................................32
Expansion Slots .............................................................................................................. 34
I/O Addresses and IRQs ................................................................................................. 35
I/O Addresses ............................................................................................................................................35
IRQs ...........................................................................................................................................................36
Memory........................................................................................................................... 36
Memory Modules........................................................................................................................................36
Memory Map ..............................................................................................................................................37
Memory Guidelines ....................................................................................................................................37
Chapter 3: Installation...................................................................................................... 39
Selecting a Location........................................................................................................ 40
Class I, Division 2 Guidelines ....................................................................................................................40
Environmental Guidelines ..........................................................................................................................40
Electrical Guidelines...................................................................................................................................40
Temperature Guidelines ............................................................................................................................41
Enclosure Guidelines .................................................................................................................................41
Accessing Ports, Drives, and Other Controls ............................................................................................41
Mounting the System ...................................................................................................... 42
Mounting the PowerStation with Function Keypad ....................................................................................42
Mounting the other PS/PX/PC models.......................................................................................................42
Mounting the RS/RX/RC models ...............................................................................................................44
Connecting the RS/RX/RC Unit to a Monitor .............................................................................................45
Starting the System......................................................................................................... 46
Starting in Windows 98, 2000, or XP Pro...................................................................................................46
Starting in Windows NT or Embedded NT .................................................................................................46
Starting in Multiboot Systems ....................................................................................................................46
Starting in MS-DOS....................................................................................................................................47
Chapter 4: Maintenance................................................................................................... 49
BIOS Setup..................................................................................................................... 50
Configuring the Touchscreen and Serial Ports ..........................................................................................51
Resetting Disk Boot Priority .......................................................................................................................54
Loading Default BIOS Settings ..................................................................................................................56
Removing the CTC Splash Screen ............................................................................................................56
Reinstalling Software ...................................................................................................... 57
Reinstalling Software on Systems Running Windows ...............................................................................58
Reinstalling PowerStation Software on Systems Running MS-DOS.........................................................68
4
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Restoring a Compact FlashCard .....................................................................................71
Maintaining the Display on a PS/PX/PC ..........................................................................72
Cleaning the Display Screen ..................................................................................................................... 72
Reconfiguring the Touchscreen Driver...................................................................................................... 72
Recalibrating the Touchscreen.................................................................................................................. 74
Performing Internal Maintenance.....................................................................................76
Replacing Components ............................................................................................................................. 76
Observing ESD Precautions...................................................................................................................... 77
Opening and Closing the System .............................................................................................................. 78
Adding Expansion Cards ........................................................................................................................... 83
Changing Jumper Settings ........................................................................................................................ 85
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting.............................................................................................93
Troubleshooting Instructions............................................................................................94
Problems When Starting..................................................................................................95
Problems Signaled by PowerSmart .................................................................................97
Problems with Displays ...................................................................................................99
Problems with Touchscreens...........................................................................................99
Problems with Peripheral Devices .................................................................................100
Appendix A: Specifications ...........................................................................................103
Physical Specifications ..................................................................................................104
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation Specifications ....................................................................................... 104
Recommended SDRAM Manufacturers ........................................................................106
Operating Systems Supported.......................................................................................106
Display Specifications....................................................................................................107
Environmental Specifications.........................................................................................108
Electrical Specifications.................................................................................................109
Testing Specifications....................................................................................................109
Faceplate Chemical Resistance ....................................................................................110
Agency Approvals..........................................................................................................111
Index ................................................................................................................................112
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
5
6
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
C HAPTER 1: O VERVIEW AND
S UPPORT S ERVICES
This chapter explains what is in this User Guide. It also describes the documentation
standards used in the Guide and important customer support services.
Chapter Contents
What’s in this User Guide?
8
Documentation Standards
9
Customer Support Services
9
Documentation
11
Chapter 1: Overview and Support Services
What’s in this User Guide?
This Guide describes the following Parker Automation – CTC workstations and industrial PCs
belonging to the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation. Unless otherwise indicated, the information in this
Guide applies to all of the computers listed below.
PowerStations
Industrial PCs
PS (Interact)
PX (InteractX)
PC
RS* (Interact)
RX* (InteractX)
RC*
* = No display
The purpose of this Guide is to help you set up and use your PowerStation model PS, PX, PC, RS,
RX, or RC. It describes your system and explains how to install your system, how to maintain it in
good condition, and how to solve common operating problems.
In the Guide, you will find the following chapters:
Chapter
8
Title
Contents
Pg
1
Overview and
Support Services
Overview of this Guide’s contents, and CTC customer support
services.
7
2
Introducing the
PS/PX/PC Series
System functions and features, including cabling, pinout, and
addressing information.
12
3
Installation
How to mount your system in an enclosure or on a panel and start it
up.
39
4
Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
How to maintain the system.
49
5
Troubleshooting
How to solve operational problems.
93
Appendix A
Specifications
Tables showing system specifications.
103
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 1: Overview and Support Services
Documentation Standards
This Guide uses the following standards.
Text Conventions
Style
Type of Text
Bold
Names of buttons, tabs, menus, menu items, commands, files, keyboard
keys, dialog boxes, and other important terms.
Bold Italics
Titles of User Guides, chapters, or sections, and linked cross-references.
Courier font
Text to be entered from a keyboard.
►
Indicates multiple steps in selecting a particular menu command. For
example, “In the Windows task bar, click Start ► Settings ► Control
Panel. “
+
Indicates two or more keyboard keys that must be pressed simultaneously.
For example, Ctrl+Alt+Delete.
Note
Alternative approaches or issues.
Important
Information that will save time and minimize problems.
Warning
Information that will prevent equipment damage or personal injury.
ISO Symbols
Symbol
Meaning
International Standards Organization (ISO) symbol for Caution (ISO 3864 No. B.3.1). Denotes
activity that could affect operation of the computer if instructions are not followed.
ISO symbol for Caution—risk of electrical shock (ISO 3864 No B.3.6). Denotes activity that could
cause personal injury from electrical shock or damage to equipment if instructions are not
followed.
Customer Support Services
We welcome your thoughts and suggestions on our products and services. You can contact us by
telephone, email, or fax. You can also visit Parker Automation - CTC on the World Wide Web to
learn the latest about our hardware, software, and customer support services.
Customer Support
Telephone
513-831-2340
Technical Support
513-248-1714
Fax
513-831-5042
E-mail
sales@ctcusa.com
support@ctcusa.com
DocComments@ctcusa.com
World Wide Web
www.ctcusa.com
We recognize that every customer and every application have different support needs, so we offer
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
9
Chapter 1: Overview and Support Services
four types of customer support services:
•
Technical Support
•
Training and New Business Development
•
Application Engineering Services
•
Documentation
Technical Support
The Technical Support department welcomes your questions as you develop or run your applications.
We offer complimentary support for any customer, whether you are an end-user, original equipment
manufacturer (OEM), system integrator, or distributor.
If you have a question about your system, be sure to first:
•
Check any release notes shipped with the system.
•
Consult the documentation and other printed materials shipped with your system.
•
Review Chapter 4: Maintenance and Chapter 5: Troubleshooting in this Guide.
If you cannot find a solution using one of the preceding sources:
•
Call your CTC products distributor for support.
•
View the Technical Support web page at www.ctcusa.com which contains answers to
Frequently Asked Questions, application notes, product user guides, and software downloads
that may be helpful.
•
Call CTC Technical Support at 513-248-1714, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Eastern Time.
You can call CTC Technical Support after hours for emergency assistance.
Training and New Business Development
Our Training and New Business Development department provides service in two areas: training and
consulting.
Training
We offer training on all of our products either at CTC Parker, in our state-of-the-art training center, or
at your site. You can learn how to:
•
Write custom interfaces
•
Develop specialized applications
•
Implement your complete operator interface application
To contact the Training Coordinator:
Training
10
Telephone
1-800-233-3329
E-mail
training@ctcusa.com
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 1: Overview and Support Services
Application Engineering Services
We offer consulting services through our Application Engineering Services group. Our Application
Engineering group can build your application from the ground up:
•
Write custom communications drivers
•
Design special modules to perform functions unique to your application
Our specialists are flexible, so they can create a project development schedule that meets your needs.
You can contact Application Engineering Services in one of the following ways:
Application Engineering
Telephone
1-800-233-3329
E-mail
appenq@ctcusa.com
Documentation
You can download CTC product documentation from our Web site at www.ctcusa.com at the
Support weblink under Product Manuals.
We also welcome your comments on this User Guide or any of our other documentation. Please
email your comments to: DocComments@ctcusa.com
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
11
C HAPTER 2: I NTRODUCING
PS/PX/PC S ERIES
P OWER S TATION
THE
This chapter describes the features of the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation including the
display options, drives, and ports that link the system with other devices. It also describes
system peripheral devices and the systems’ expansion slots, I/O addresses, and memory.
Chapter Contents
Hardware Overview
13
Software Overview
15
CPU Card
17
BIOS
19
Displays
21
Drives
22
Ports
26
Power Supply
31
System Peripheral Devices
32
Expansion Slots
34
I/O Addresses and IRQs
35
Memory
36
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Hardware Overview
The PowerStation includes models PS/PX/PC that come with a display and models RS/RX/RC that
are remote systems.
Note
For complete specifications on all systems, see Appendix A: Specifications on page 103.
The PS Series PowerStation workstations share the following features:
•
External and Internal Compact Flash (CF) slots
•
Optional hard drive, CD-ROM, CD-R/W drive, and floppy disk drives
•
Three external serial ports - COM1, COM2, COM4 (also known as COM A, COM B, and
COM C)
•
Parallel port
•
Ethernet port
•
Video port
•
Two USB ports
•
ISA/PCI Expansion (for certain models)
•
Watchdog timer
•
PowerSmart system monitor
There are differences among the systems in the following features:
•
Touchscreen (remote systems do not have one)
•
Sizes and types of displays used
•
Types and quantity of expansion slots provided
Note
For additional information about these systems and their displays, see the following:
Display Specifications on page 107, and Physical Specifications on page 104.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation Custom Model Numbers
The model numbers for the PowerStation follows the format YYXX-Zd#-abc-efg.
For the first 5 digits of the PowerStation model numbers (YYXX-Zd#), refer to the following tables.
For the last 6 digits of the PowerStation model numbers (abc-efg), Distributors may refer to their
price guide.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
13
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
YY indicates the format of the model.
PS Series PowerStation Format
YYXX-Zd#
PowerStation (with Interact)
PS
PowerStation (with InteractX)
PX
Industrial PC
PC
Remote PowerStation (with Interact)
RS
Remote PowerStation (with InteractX)
RX
Remote Industrial PC
RC
XX indicates the display size.
Screen Sizes
YYXX-Zd#
No display
P_00
10 inch
P_10
10 inch with Function Keypad
and Touchscreen
P_51
10 inch with Function Keypad
and no Touchscreen
P_50
12 inch
P_12
15 inch
P_15
18 inch
P_18
Note
Displays are available for the PS, PX, and PC workstation models only, not for the
Remote workstations.
-Z indicates whether the workstation operates with PC/104 cards or ISA/PCI cards.
Cards
YYXX-Zd#
PC/104
YYXX-2
ISA/PCI (3/4 length)
YYXX-3
YYXX-4
ISA/PCI (full length)
YYXX-5
YYXX-6
d indicates the display type.
Display Type
14
YYXX-Zd#
Monochrome
M
TFT
T
Bright TFT
H
TFT SVGA
S
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
# indicates the processor type.
Processor Type
YYXX-Zd#
Pentium MMX 266MHz
2
Celeron 566MHz
4
Pentium III 1.0GHz
6
Following are the side views of some different models:
PS15-3
PS51-2
PS12-2
Software Overview
Each PowerStation is pre-loaded with the software you have purchased. Backup copies of all installed
software are provided on CDs and floppy disks in case you need to reinstall any of it.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
15
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
The following table shows the software you will receive with your system. Descriptions of the
software follow the table.
CD/Disk Name and Part Number
PS/RS/RX
DOS
PC/PX/RC
Windows
Windows
98
2000
NT
98
2000
NT
*E-NT
XP
Pro
X
X
X
X
X
PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers,
and Utilities CD DCD-1000
X
X
X
X
MachineShop CD S3-72931
X
X
X
X
MS-DOS 6.22 and Utilities
Installation Disk KA-72953
X
X
X
Windows 98 OEM Packet B4-05916
Windows 2000 OEM Packet B405990
X
X
X
X
Win NT 4.0 Emergency Recovery
Disk KA-72668
X
X
Windows NT 4.0 OEM Packet B405092
X
X
Embedded NT Emergency
Recovery Disk KA-83441
X
Windows XP OEM Packet
X
*E-NT stands for Embedded NT
PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD: Contains system files, utilities, and most
drivers for the PCs as well as the manual and engineering dimensional drawings.
MachineShop CD: Contains the complete installation of MachineShop Suite and Interact. Comes
with an Installation Booklet.
MS-DOS 6.22 and Utilities Installation Disk: Contains the MS-DOS operating system and utilities.
Windows 98 OEM Packet: Contains the Windows 98 installation CD and other Microsoft materials.
Windows 2000 OEM Packet: Contains the Windows 2000 installation CD and other Microsoft
materials.
Win NT 4.0 Emergency Recovery Disk: Contains files to start Windows NT 4.0 if the operating
system is damaged. Shipped only with PCs running Windows NT 4.0.
Windows NT 4.0 OEM Packet: Contains the Windows NT 4.0 installation CD and other Microsoft
materials.
Win Embedded NT 4.0 Emergency Recovery Disk: Contains files to start Windows Embedded NT
4.0 if the operating system is damaged. Shipped only with PCs running Windows Embedded NT 4.0.
Windows XP OEM Packet: Contains the Windows XP installation CD and other Microsoft
materials.
16
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
CPU Card
The PowerStation CPU uses a custom, small format form-factor.
The CPU card has the following characteristics:
Feature
Description
Size (H x W)
8.0” (203.2mm) x 10.65” (270.5mm)
Processor
Intel Pentium MMX 266MHz
Intel Celeron 566MHz
Intel Pentium III 1GHz
Bus interfaces
• ISA bus: 16-bit, 8MHz
• PCI bus: 32-bit, 33MHz
Configurable jumpers
(for jumper locations,
see page 86 or 89)
• COM2(B)
• Ethernet port
• CF master/slave (jumpers for internal and external CF)
• CMOS jumper
Connectors and Drives
• External Video connector
• Floppy Drive connector
• Internal CF
• External CF
• Hard Drive option
• CD-ROM or CD-R/W Drive option
• USB port
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
17
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
The following illustration shows the 266MHz CPU card and its important features:
18
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
The following illustration shows the 566MHz and 1GHz CPU card and its important features:
Note
To see the locations of the workstation’s configurable jumpers, see Jumper locations on
page 85.
BIOS
The PowerStation uses a Phoenix Basic Input Output System (BIOS), with 256K FLASH memory.
The system BIOS performs two functions:
•
It performs initialization tasks (testing and configuration of the system’s standard
components—e.g., video, system board RAM, floppy and fixed disks, serial and parallel
ports, and other I/O devices) during its Power-on Self Test (POST).
•
It provides application programs with a hardware-dependent software interface to system
devices.
Standard BIOS features include the following:
•
FLASH/EPROM-based setup utility
•
POST
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
19
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
•
Password protection
•
System plug and play support
•
Advanced power management
In addition, the system BIOS provides the following features:
•
A Load Setup Defaults feature is provided so that you can re-establish the BIOS default
settings if necessary.
•
The “Sticky IDE” feature allows the BIOS to remember any IDE hardware that has ever been
installed on the system, even if the hardware is currently not present.
•
You can select I/O resources for the serial ports, touchscreen, and parallel port through menus
in the BIOS CMOS setup.
•
The video BIOS supports Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) video modes.
•
Jumpers select video BIOS support for each supported flat panel display, as well as for a
CRT-only mode. These jumpers connect to I/O pins on the video controller, and the BIOS
reads these connections at startup.
•
When configured for flat panel displays, the BIOS provides analog video support
simultaneously. When configured for CRT-only, the BIOS supports an analog multi-scan
monitor.
The BIOS supports the following flat panel types.
Flat Panels Supported
1280 x 1024 color TFT
1024 x 768 color TFT
800 x 600 color TFT
640 x 480 color TFT
640 x 480 monochrome STN
•
Note
•
Note
20
You can control flat panel brightness through menus in the BIOS CMOS setup.
This does not include the standard TFT display.
The BIOS supports a startup “splash screen” that displays the CTC Parker logo. You can
enable or disable this screen through a menu selection in the CMOS setup.
For additional information about the system BIOS, see Physical Specifications on page
104.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Displays
The PS/PX/PC models support the displays shown in the following table:
PowerStation/PC
Size
Resolution
Color
Type
PS/PX
9.4”
VGA
Mono
STN
10.4"
VGA
Color
TFT
10.4”
VGA
Bright
Color
TFT
12.1"
SVGA
Color
TFT
15.1"
XGA
Color
TFT
10.4"
VGA
Color
TFT
10.4"
SVGA
Color
TFT
12.1"
SVGA
Color
TFT
15.1"
XGA
Color
TFT
18.1”
SXGA
Color
TFT
PC
Note
PowerStations with 12.1" and 15.1" displays have a special card installed that enables
them to display Interact screens at 640 x 480 VGA resolution.
For additional display information, see also Display Specifications on page 107.
Display with Function Keypad
The PowerStation models PS50/PC50 and PS51/PC51 include a display with a function keypad.
The function keypad includes 40 function keys: F1 through F20 and (using the Shift key) F21
through F40. It also includes a programmable Select key. This section of the manual describes how to
operate units equipped with function keys.
•
Function Keys—allow you to send instructions to a software program. These instructions
depend upon the software package you are using. For example, if you are using CTC Parker’s
Interact or InteractX software, you can assign a function key to each input tool on a panel.
•
Cursor Keys—move the cursor around the screen. In Interact and InteractX, you can use the
cursor keys to select options from menus.
•
Numeric Keypad—contains keys for entering numeric data into the PowerStation.
•
Shift Key—when active, allows you to access function keys F21 through F40. This key is set
to Momentary control by default. Momentary control provides access to F21 through F40
function keys whenever you press and hold the Shift key. When you release the Shift key,
you automatically regain access to the F1 through F20 keys.
If you purchased Interact (not available with InteractX) with your PowerStation, you can also
choose Shift Lock mode or Shift Lock Release mode.
•
Select Key—generates a key scan code that is like pressing the right Shift key on a
keyboard.
If you purchased Interact or InteractX with your PowerStation, you can change the operation
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
21
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
of this key to emulate any key.
Note
Special Note for PS50/PC50 Users: The Select key on the PowerStation has been preset
to imitate the right Shift key. The shift mode of the unit is set for “momentary shift,”
which means that you must hold down the Shift key while you press another key.
Drives
The PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation is equipped with a variety of storage and read/write devices:
•
External Compact Flash (CF) slot
•
Internal Compact Flash slot
•
Hard disk drive (optional)
•
CD-ROM or CD-R/W drive (optional)
•
External 3.5" floppy disk drive (optional)
These drives are described in this section.
Compact Flash Slots
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has two Compact Flash slots to accommodate CF cards. Both slots
support Type 1 or Type 2 CF cards.
The internal CF is located in the upper left corner of the CPU card (see the CPU card illustration on
page 18). The internal CF is the primary master drive when no hard drive is installed and a primary
slave drive when a hard drive is installed. For additional information on master/slave settings, see the
Internal CF master/slave status on page 87 (266MHz CPU boards) or page 90 (566MHz/1GHz CPU
boards).
The external CF is located at the left side of the unit, as shown in the following illustration. The
external CF is the secondary master drive when no CD-ROM drive is installed. It is a secondary slave
drive when a CD-ROM drive is installed. For additional information on master/slave settings, see the
External CF master/slave status on page 88 (266MHz CPU boards) or page 91 (566MHz/1GHz CPU
boards).
Note
CF cards are optional with the PC and the RC\RX models.
The following illustration shows the location of the CF Slot and CD-ROM or CD-R/W Drive on a
PSXX-2.
22
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
CD-ROM drive
External CF
Using CF cards
A CF card is like a removable hard drive and provides non-volatile storage memory. A CF card is
often used as a supplement to, or a replacement for, a hard drive because a CF card is well suited to
environments in which the unit may be vibrated or shaken.
Note
You also can use a hard drive with no CF at all.
You can use a CF card as the startup drive or as a secondary IDE drive.
You can reformat a CF card or update the files on it. See Restoring a Compact FlashCard on page 71
for complete instructions.
Important Formatting flashcard in Windows NT and 2000 overwrites the systems files that make the
flashcard bootable.
Uses for the CF card are as follows:
Internal CF
External CF
Operating system
Operating system
Development and runtime software
Programs
May use with hard drive
May use with hard drive
Projects and applications
If you purchased a CF card, we recommend that you purchase at least one additional card to serve as
a backup. You may wish to have several cards on hand to store different projects. To purchase
additional CF cards, call your local distributor.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
23
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Removing and replacing CF cards
To remove and replace an external CF card, complete the following steps:
1. Shut down the Operating System.
2. Turn off the system.
Always make sure that the system is turned off when inserting or removing a CF
card.
Warning
3. Press the eject button next to the external CF slot, and remove the card by sliding it out of its slot
toward you.
4. Reinstall the CF card by carefully inserting it into its slot and pushing it into the slot until the card
is securely seated (the eject button should pop out).
When inserting a CF card, align the arrow on the card with the arrow that
appears over the CF slot.
Important
Hard Drive
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has an optional internal hard disk drive for storing system software,
projects, and applications.
CD-ROM or CD-R/W Drive
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has an optional CD-ROM or CD-R/W drive, located on the left side
of the unit (see the illustration on page 23). The CD-ROM drive can be used to read files or load and
run software. In addition, the CD-R/W drive can be used to log or record data.
Floppy Drive
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has an external, 3.5", 1.44MB floppy drive connector. You can
connect an optional external 3.5", 1.44MB floppy drive to this connecter, and the drive can be
mounted on a panel or desktop, or fastened to the back of the unit.
Floppy Drive Connector
You can purchase a floppy drive cable from CTC Parker Automation. If you need to make a cable to
connect the floppy drive to the PowerStation PS, the pinout information for the floppy drive
connector is shown in the following table.
24
Pin #
Signal Name
Pin #
Signal Name
1
+5VDC
14
WRDATA#
2
INDX#
15
GND
3
+5VDC
16
WGATE#
4
REDWC#
17
GND
5
+5VDC
18
TRKO#
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Pin #
Signal Name
Pin #
Signal Name
6
MOTEA#
19
GND
7
GND
20
WPT#
8
DRUSA#
21
GND
9
GND
22
RDDATA#
10
DIR#
23
GND
11
GND
24
SIDE1#
12
STEP#
25
GND
13
GND
26
DSKCHG#
Drive Functions
The following table summarizes functions of the drives on the PS/PX Series PowerStation.
Note
Letters used to define the drives (A, C, D, etc.) will depend upon which drives are
installed on your system.
Drive Type
Size
Use
Internal Compact
Flash (CF) card
16, 32,
128, 256,
or 512MB
Primary master drive when no hard drive is installed; primary slave
drive when a hard drive is installed. May store the operating system,
and development and runtime software. Download files to this drive
only if its size is sufficient.
External Compact
Flash (CF) card
16, 32,
128, 256,
or 512MB
Secondary master drive when no CD-ROM drive is installed.
Secondary slave drive when a CD-ROM drive is installed. May store
projects and applications. Download files to this drive only if its size is
sufficient.
3.5" Floppy drive
(optional, external)
1.44MB
May be used to install software or save files. Use it to download
projects to the unit and back up files.
Hard drive (optional)
10GB or
higher.
Primary master drive when installed. Stores the operating system,
development and runtime software, projects, and applications.
CD-ROM or CD-R/W
drive (optional)
Note
Secondary master drive when installed. May be used to install
operating systems or other software.
The internal and external Compact Flash and the CD-ROM drive are configured as
masters or slaves with jumpers. See page 87 through 91 for instructions about how to set
the jumpers properly.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
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Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Ports
Important To be compliant with CE EMC emission requirements under EN55011, all video, serial,
and parallel port communication cables must be 100% braided shielded cable.
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has the following ports:
•
Three 16C550-compatible external serial ports
•
One standard parallel port, supports Standard Parallel Port (SPP), Enhanced Parallel Port
(EPP), and Enhanced Capability Port (ECP) standards
•
Two PS/2 ports (one each for mouse and keyboard).
•
One 10/100 Base-T Ethernet port
•
One analog video port
•
Two USB ports.
The following illustrations show the location of these ports; the sections that follow explain the ports’
uses and give pinout information.
Note
The following illustrate a PXXX-2 model. However, the ports are located in the same
location on all models.
Ports: Side View
COM1 or A
(serial)
Parallel port
COM2 or B (serial)
USB port(s)
Ethernet port
PS/2 port(s)
Note
26
On a PowerStation with the function keypad (PX50, PX51), the
keyboard connector is located on the back of the unit.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Ports: Back View
Keyboard Port (PX50,
PX51 only)
COM4 or C (serial)
Power
Grounding Stud
Video port
Floppy connector
Serial Ports
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has three external serial ports:
•
These ports are identified as COM1(A), COM2(B), and COM4(C).
•
COM1(A) and COM2(B) are located on the left side of the unit; COM4(C) is located at the
back of the unit.
•
All three ports use standard, 9-pin, Male, D-sub connectors.
Communication standards for these ports are shown in the following table.
Port
Communication Protocol
COM1(A)
COM4(C)
RS-232
COM2(B)
Default protocol (as shipped) is RS-485
Configurable for RS-232, RS-422, and RS-485
Note
The system’s touchscreen connector, located on the CPU card, is an internal serial
controller designated as COM3.
When configuring COM2(B) for connection with a programmable logic controller (PLC), the
communication standard you select for COM2(B) depends upon the distance between the system and
the controller, as well as the communication standards that the controller supports:
•
If you are using RS-232 communications, the length of the serial cable should not exceed 50
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
27
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
feet (15 meters).
•
RS-422 and RS-485 communications offer greater noise immunity than RS-232 and increase
the maximum cable length to 4,000 feet (1,200 meters).
•
RS-422 communications are full-duplex (can send and receive simultaneously).
•
RS-485 communications are half-duplex (can only send or receive at one time).
•
For information on the specific connections required for Interact, InteractX, or MachineLogic
drivers, look in the Help file associated with the driver.
For instructions on how to reconfigure COM2(B) for the RS-232, RS-422, or RS-485 protocol, see
COM2 communication protocol on page 87 (266MHz CPU boards) or page 90 (566MHz/1GHz CPU
boards).
COM1(A), 2(B), and 4(C) pinouts
If you need to make a cable for communicating with COM1(A), COM2(B), or COM4(C), the pinout
and signal information for these ports is shown below.
Note
Pin #
Remember, COM2(B) is configurable for RS-232, RS-422, and RS-485; its default
setting is RS-485.
RS-232
(COM1(A), 3 default)
RS-422
RS-485
(COM2(B) default)
1
DCD, data carrier detect
TX-, transmitted data -
TX-, transmitted data -
2
RX, received data
TX+, transmitted data +
TX+, transmitted data +
3
TX, transmitted data
RX+, received data +
RX+, received data +
4
DTR, data terminal ready
RX-, received data -
RX-, received data -
5
GND, signal ground
GND, signal ground
GND, signal ground
6
DSR, data set ready
DSR, data set ready
DSR, data set ready
7
RTS, request to send
RTS, request to send
RTS, request to send
8
CTS, clear to send
CTS, clear to send
CTS, clear to send
9
RI, ring indicator
RI, ring indicator
RI, ring indicator
The following illustration shows the cable diagrams for the RS-232, RS-422, and RS-485 protocols.
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PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Connecting to a PC
If you want to transfer files via serial connection from another PC to a PS Series PowerStation model,
connect a serial cable with a null modem between available serial ports on each system. If you need to
construct your own cables, refer to the following diagrams.
Important
Be careful not to connect any wires to unused connector pins.
Parallel Port
All workstation models in the PS/PX Series have one parallel port, located on the left side of the unit
(see the illustration on page 26).
Pinout data for the parallel port is shown below.
Pin #
Signal Name
Pin #
Signal Name
1
STB (- Strobe)
10
ACK (- Acknowledge
2
PD0 (+ Data Bit 0)
11
BUSY (+ Busy)
3
PD1 (+ Data Bit1)
12
PE (+ Paper End
4
PD2 (+ Data Bit 2)
13
SLCT (+ Select)
5
PD3 (+ Data Bit 3)
14
AFD (- Auto Feed)
6
PD4 (+ Data Bit 4)
15
ERR (- Error)
7
PD5 (+ Data Bit 5)
16
INIT (- Initialize Printer)
8
PD6 (+ Data Bit 6)
17
SLIN (- Select Input)
9
PD7 (+ Data Bit 7
18-25
GND (Ground)
The PS/PX Series PowerStation can interface with any parallel printer designed for use with PCs.
Connect a printer to the parallel port, using a standard PC parallel cable.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
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Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
PS/2 Ports
All PS/PX Series PowerStations have two PS/2 ports—one to connect a keyboard to the system and
the other to connect a mouse. On most PS/PX Series models, the PS/2 ports are located at the left side
of the unit (see the illustration on page 26).
Note
The PowerStations with Function Keypad models (PX50, PX51) have one PS/2 port for
the mouse at the left side of the unit and one PS/2 port for the keyboard at the back of the
faceplate.
Pinout data for PS/2 ports is shown below.
Pin
Signal Name
Pin
Signal Name
1
Data
4
+5V (Fused)
2
NC
5
Clock
3
GND
6
NC
Ethernet Port
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has an Ethernet RJ-45 port that allows you to connect the unit to a
local area network (LAN) (see the illustration on page 26).
This port uses an Intel 82559 10/100 Mbps PCI Fast Ethernet controller with an integrated IEEE
802.3 10Base-T and 100Base-TX interface.
Pinout data for this port is shown below.
Pin#
Signal
Pin#
Signal
1
TX+
5
75 Ohm Terminator
2
TX-
6
RX-
3
RX+
7
75 Ohm Terminator
4
75 Ohm Terminator
8
75 Ohm Terminator
Video Port
A dedicated video port is located at the back of the units that have the standard CPU board (see the
illustration on page 27).
The video port has 2MB (4MB on 566MHz and 1GHz CPU boards) of embedded video memory,
arranged in a 64-bit configuration.
The system’s video output supports monochrome and high-resolution color displays.
Note
For complete display specifications, see Display Specifications on page 107.
Pinout data for the video port is shown below.
30
Pin
Signal Name
Pin
Signal Name
1
ROUT
10
GND
2
GOUT
11
NC
3
BOUT
12
DDC data
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Pin
Signal Name
Pin
Signal Name
4
NC
13
H_SYNHC
5-8
GND
14
V_SYNC
9
+5v (FUSED)
15
DDC Clock
USB Ports
Two external USB ports are located at the left side of the unit with the standard CPU board (see the
illustration on page 26).
•
Each port can support one peripheral device.
•
If you want to connect more than two USB devices, connect an external hub to either port in
order to ensure that all devices receive an adequate signal.
•
Self-identifying peripherals can be plugged in while the system is running.
•
The system has automatic mapping of function to driver and configuration. Pinout data for
the two USB ports is shown in the following table.
Pin #
Signal Name
1
Vcc
2
-Data
3
+Data
4
GND
Power Supply
The PS/PX Series PowerStation is powered by 24VDC @ 5.00A(maximum). The input voltage range
is 18VDC-28VDC. All system voltages, such as +/-5V, +/-12V, 3.3V, and CPU voltages are
generated on the CPU card from the 24VDC input voltage.
The power supply is designed to protect against:
•
Misapplication of 120VAC to the DC input connector
•
Damage caused by reverse polarity DC input connections
In either case, the extent of damage to the electronics would be limited to blowing the input fuse.
For information about the fuse, see Fuse below. For more information about the PS/PX Series
PowerStation power supply, see Testing Specifications on page 109.
Battery
The PS/PX Series PowerStation uses a 3.0V, socket battery for real-time clock backup and CMOS
storage. The battery is located on the CPU card (see the illustration on page 18 or 19) and is
replaceable with a standard CR2032 battery.
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Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Caution
For units with replaceable Lithium batteries:
•
There is danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced.
•
Replace the battery only with the same type of battery or an equivalent
type recommended by the manufacturer.
•
Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Fuse
The PS/PX Series PowerStation has an 8A (5A on 266MHz CPU card) fuse located on the CPU card
(see the illustration on page 18 or 19). The fuse is a 250VAC Littelfuse, part #216 008 (part #216
3.15 on 266MHz CPU card). It is field replaceable by the same model fuse or its equivalent.
Important All fuses are intended for replacement by qualified service personnel only.
System Peripheral Devices
System peripheral devices in the PS/PX Series PowerStation include the watchdog timer and the
PowerSmart system monitor.
Watchdog Timer
The PS/PX Series PowerStation’s CPU card supports a watchdog timer. If the processor does not read
or write to the timer register within 1.6 seconds, the timer will reset the computer.
The watchdog timer is configurable within CTC’s Interact and InteractX software. If you are a user of
one of these products and want to learn how to configure the watchdog timer, open the online help,
and search on watchdog timer.
PowerSmart
The PS/PX Series PowerStation comes with a PowerSmart system monitor that continuously
monitors the following on a system:
•
Five internal power supply voltages
•
Internal temperature
•
Total hours that the system has been in operation
•
Communication errors in system monitoring devices
•
System and CPU cooling fans, if installed
Note
The Internal Temperatures window displays temperature data for the last 24 hours. To see
more precise readings for temperature and time, use a mouse to move the small, white
zoom arrows in the window.
On systems running Windows 98, 2000, NT 4.0, Embedded NT 4.0, or XP Pro PowerSmart appears
as a graphical display, shown in the following illustration. Activate this display by clicking the
PowerSmart icon on the Windows desktop
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On systems running MS-DOS, you can access a text-based version of this display by typing
Pwrsmrt.exe at the DOS prompt and then pressing ENTER.
Under Windows or MS-DOS, PowerSmart continually monitors the system regardless of whether the
displays are shown.
If any system parameters are out-of-limit:
•
The PowerSmart display will change color, and the gauges will show the error condition.
•
If the display has been minimized, the PowerSmart button on the Windows taskbar will flash
continually. Click on the button to show the display.
If communication errors occur in system monitoring devices:
•
The Comms Status light (left of center in the display) will change from green to red.
•
A dialog box will appear describing the problem. See Problems Signaled by PowerSmart on
page 97 for suggestions about how to respond to error conditions.
To perform its functions, PowerSmart uses the I2C devices shown below. All devices are connected
on a two-wire SMBus.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
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Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
PowerSmart I2C
Device
Location
(266MHz
board)
Location
(566MHz/1GHz
board)
Function
MicroController
(87LPC764)
CPU card U38
CPU card U23
Programs and monitors all other peripheral devices
on the bus. Determines the presence of error
conditions. Logs error counts, temperature
extremes, and hours of operation. Communicates
error and status information to the SMBus host
interface.
Peripheral
monitor (DS1780)
CPU card U41
CPU card U37
Monitors power supply voltages and temperature.
EEPROM
(24C02)
CPU card U39
CPU card U21
Stores error counts, temperature extremes,
operation hours, and system configuration
information.
Expansion Slots
The maximum depth for all expansion slots is 11”.
Both the PSXX-3, -4, -5, and PSXX-6 models use a riser card that attaches to the standard CPU card
(for the riser card socket location, see the illustration on page 18 or 19). Hold down brackets are
available for the ISA and PCI cards to prevent the expansion cards from moving in environments
where vibration occurs.
Expansion options are shown in the following table:
Model
34
Expansion Slots
PS/PX/PC/RS/RX/RCXX-2
Up to three PC/104 cards are supported
PS/PX/PC/RS/RX/RCXX-3
ISA majority (3/4 length slots)
Three 16-bit ISA or
Two 16-bit ISA and one PCI
plus
One PC/104
PS/PX/PC/RS/RX/RCXX-4
PCI majority (3/4 length slots)
Three 32-bit PCI or
PS/PX/PC/RS/RX/RCXX-5
ISA majority (full length slots)
Three 16-bit ISA or
PS/PX/PC/RS/RX/RCXX-6
PCI majority (full length slots)
Three 32-bit PCI or
Two 32-bit PCI and one 16-bit ISA
plus
One PC/104
Two 32-bit PCI and one 16-bit ISA
plus
One PC/104
Two 16-bit ISA and one PCI
plus
One PC/104
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
I/O Addresses and IRQs
This section describes the I/O addresses and IRQs used by the PS/PX Series PowerStation.
I/O Addresses
The following table shows the I/O addresses used by the PS/PX Series PowerStation. Make sure that
any adapter cards you install do not conflict with these addresses.
Address
Function
0000-000F
DMA controller 1
0020-0021
Interrupt controller 1
0040-0043
Counter timer 1
0048-004B
Counter timer 2
0060/0062
Keyboard, NMI, speaker
0061/0063
Watchdog timer
0070-0071
Real time clock/NMI mask
0080-008F
DMA page register, POST checkpoint
00A0-00A1
Interrupt Controller 2
00C0-00DE
DMA Controller 2
00F0-00FF
Numeric co-processor
0170-0177
Secondary IDE channel
01F0-01F7
Primary IDE channel
0278-02FF
Parallel port 2 (CTC software security key)
02E8-02EF
Serial port 4 or C (default)
02F8-02FF
Serial port 2 or B(default)
0376
Secondary IDE port
0377
Floppy channel 2 command
0377 bit 7
Floppy disk change, channel 2
0377 bit 0:6
Secondary IDE channel status port
0378-037F
Parallel port 1 (default)
03BC-03BF
Parallel port 3 (opt)
03E8-03EF
Serial port 3 or TS (default)
03F0-03F5
Floppy channel
03F6-03F7
Primary IDE and floppy
03F8-03FF
Serial port 1 or A (default)
04D0-04D1
Edge/level interrupts
0CF8-0CFF
PCI configuration
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
35
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
IRQs
The PS/PX Series PowerStation configures IRQs as shown below.
IRQ
Default
NMI
Parity/System errors
0
System timer
1
Keyboard
2
Cascade for IRQ 8-15
3
COM2(B)
4
COM1(A)
5
Reserved for user
6
Floppy controller
7
Parallel port 1
8
Real-time clock
9
COM4(C)
10
Reserved for user
11
Touch screen
12
Reserved/PS/2
mouse
13
Co-processor
14
Primary IDE
15
Reserved
Option
Available
COM3
Secondary
IDE
If you choose to change IRQ settings, keep the following in mind:
•
Any IRQ designated as “Reserved for user” can be taken by the PCI Ethernet adapter, which is a
plug and play device.
•
To see which IRQ the Ethernet adapter is using in systems running under Windows,
Click the System icon on the Windows Control Panel (or Right-click the My Computer
Icon and select Properties)
Then select the Hardware Tab and select Device Manager ►Network Adapters
Right-click the individual network adapter(s) and check the Properties to find the IRQ
settings.
Memory
This section describes the SDRAM available in the PS/PX Series PowerStation, the way in which the
PowerStation allocates memory, and memory guidelines for Interact and InteractX software users.
Memory Modules
The PS/PX Series PowerStation comes with 64MB (32MB on 266MHz CPU cards) of SDRAM
soldered onto the CPU card in four 16MB (8MB on 266MHz CPU cards) chips. In addition, a single
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Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
socket on the CPU card can accommodate up to 256MB of SDRAM. Maximum total memory
supported by the CPU card is 320MB (256MB on 266MHz CPU cards).
Note
A minimum of 128MB of memory is recommended for systems running Windows 2000.
For additional information about the PS/PX Series PowerStation’ memory, see Physical
Specifications on page 104.
If you need to replace memory modules, see the table of Recommended SDRAM
Manufacturers on page 106.
Memory Map
The following table shows how the PS/PX Series PowerStation allocates conventional and extended
memory. Available address references are listed next to each device.
Function
Address Range
(decimal)
Address Range
(hex)
Size
Extended memory
1024K-524288K
100000-20000000
511MB
Boot block
1008K-1024K
FC000-FFFFF
16KB
ESCD (plug and play
configuration area)
1000K-1008K
FA000-FBFF
8KB
Phoenix system BIOS
896K-1000K
E0000-F9FF
104KB
Available upper
memory (open to ISA
and PCI buses)
800K-896K
C8000-DFFFF
96KB
Video memory and
BIOS
640K-800K
A0000-C7FFF
160KB
Conventional memory
0K-640K
00000-9FFFF
640KB
Memory Guidelines
If using InteractX software, refer to your InteractX Getting Started Guide for information on
Development and Runtime System Requirements.
If you are using Interact or MachineLogic software, follow the memory guidelines listed in the table
below. If you are not using Interact or MachineLogic, you can skip this section.
Memory Type
System SDRAM
Runtime
32MB min. of system
memory
Compact Flash
(contains both
Internal and external
CF)
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Development
32MB of system memory required
8MB external Compact Flash can
store APM, AMM, GMM, and PTM,
plus four additional runtime modules,
two drivers, and approximately thirty
screens. Extra modules require
greater storage capacity (four
modules/MB). Up to 1MB is needed
to store MachineLogic applications.
Log data to the CF only if its size is
sufficient or if you are using the CF in
conjunction with a hard drive.
37
Chapter 2: Introducing the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation
Memory Type
38
Runtime
Development
Hard drive (optional)
Can store applications
and logged data.
Can store any application. 50MB is
needed for the MachineShop
development suite (toolbar, Interact,
and MachineLogic). 10MB is needed
for the toolbar alone.
Floppy drive
(optional, external)
Can be used to store
logged data.
Can store most applications.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
C HAPTER 3: I NSTALLATION
This chapter provides guidelines for selecting an appropriate location for the PS/PX/PC
Series PowerStation. It also gives instructions for mounting the system in an enclosure (or on
a panel if you have an RS/RX/RC system) and starting the system.
Chapter Contents
Selecting a Location
40
Mounting the System
42
Starting the System
46
Chapter 3: Installation
Selecting a Location
The first step in installing your model is to select an appropriate location. This is the most important
aspect of installation because the location you select will affect the system’s performance, ease-ofuse, and life expectancy. This section provides guidelines to follow when selecting a location.
Class I, Division 2 Guidelines
If you purchased a Class I, Division 2-compliant computer, always follow these guidelines in order to
maintain a safe operating environment:
•
•
The computer is suitable for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, and D hazardous
locations only.
Warning
Explosion Hazard—Do not disconnect equipment or replace or insert cards
unless power has been switched off, or the area is known to be non-hazardous.
Warning
Explosion Hazard—Substitution of components may impair suitability for
Class 1, Division 2.
If you are using AC power and mounted a CTC Parker AC adapter on your computer, make
sure that the power cord is secured to the computer using the supplied L-bracket.
Environmental Guidelines
The environment is the area where the system will be located.
Caution
In general, select a place that limits the system’s exposure to adverse
conditions, such as dust, oil, moisture, and corrosive vapors.
Faceplate considerations
The faceplate is designed for a Type 4/4X environment. The system’s faceplate is resistant to a
variety of chemicals. See Faceplate Chemical Resistance on page 110 for a complete list.
Important The system is only rated for NEMA 4 when it is installed in a UL listed NEMA 4X
enclosure
Electrical Guidelines
Important Use the PowerStation ground stud to connect the unit to a suitable ground reference, such
as earth ground or building steel. This ensures the unit is in compliance with immunity
and emissions requirements necessary for proper operation.
To minimize unwanted electrical interference, select a location away from machinery that produces
intense electrical noise (arc welders, for example).
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PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Chapter 3: Installation
If you cannot avoid electrical noise, isolate input power to the system, and separate all data
communication cables from power lines.
Important In order to comply with UL 508 and 1604 requirements, use copper wire with 60C or
60/75C insulation and a tightening torque of 7.0 lb./in. (0.79 N-m) when connecting field
terminal wiring to the system.
To comply with UL 60950 requirements for permanently connected equipment, a readily
accessible disconnect device shall be incorporated in the building installation wiring.
The PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation accepts DC input only. To apply AC power, you must use an AC
adapter.
Note
You can purchase an AC adapter from your local distributor.
Make sure that your power source is completely compatible with the system before starting up. See
page 109 for a list of the system’s Electrical Specifications)
Temperature Guidelines
You should safely operate the system within the temperature range specified in the Environmental
Specifications on page 108.
Warning
If the system is operating inside an enclosure at temperatures above its rated ambient
temperature, you must cool the enclosure.
Enclosure Guidelines
Select an enclosure that is large enough to allow free airflow in and around the system.
Refer to your PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD for dimensional drawings that list
the measurements you will need to mount your system. These include the unit’s height, width, and
depth; and location measurements for drives, ports, and controls.
•
Allow a minimum of 2 inches around the unit for airflow.
•
If you have a CD-ROM or CD-R/W drive, allow at least 3.5” between the enclosure and the
left side of the unit so that the drive tray can open.
See Accessing Ports, Drives, and Other Controls below for additional guidelines.
Make sure that the surface where the unit will meet the front panel of the enclosure is flat in order to
ensure a NEMA seal.
Accessing Ports, Drives, and Other Controls
As shown in the illustration on page 26 or 27, two of the serial ports, the printer port, the USB ports,
PS/2 mouse and keyboard ports, Ethernet port, external CF slot, and CD-ROM (CD-R/W) drive are
located on the left side of the unit in all models in the PS/PX Series PowerStation. At the back of the
unit are the floppy drive connector, an additional serial port, the video connector, and power
connector. Be sure to design your enclosure with these locations in mind.
Important If you have a CD-ROM (CD-R/W) drive, be sure to allow at least 3.5" between the
enclosure and the left side of the unit so that the drive tray can open.
Refer to your PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD for dimensional drawings that list
location measurements of your system’s drives, ports, and controls. Use these dimensions to
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
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Chapter 3: Installation
customize the mounting of your unit.
Mounting the System
Mounting procedures for the PowerStation with Function Keypad (PX50, PX51) is different from the
mounting procedures for the rest of the PS/PX/PC series. The mounting procedures for the
RS/RX/RC series are also different. Follow the procedure for your system, described below.
Mounting the PowerStation with Function Keypad
The PowerStation with Function Keypad (PX50, PX51) comes with a template designed to simplify
the task of creating the cutout. Be sure to follow the drill hole and cutout dimensions precisely so that
the PowerStation will seal properly in its enclosure.
To create a cutout for the PowerStation, complete the following steps:
1. Attach the template securely to the mounting surface.
2. Cut out the shaded area of the template referred to as the “Panel Cutout Area.” To maintain the
flatness of the mounting surface, CTC Parker recommends that you cut out the Panel Cutout Area
rather than punch it out.
3. Drill the appropriate number of 0.23-inch diameter mounting holes as seen on the template. Once
again, be careful to protect the flatness of the surface.
4. Debur the edges of the cutout area and the drill holes.
5. Ensure that the mounting surface has remained flat and that the panel surface is clean and free of
foreign materials.
6. Refer to your PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD for dimensional drawings that
indicate the depth and port dimensions of your PowerStation. Use these dimensions to customize the
mounting of your unit.
Once you have prepared the location for the PowerStation, you can install the unit. For your
convenience, CTC Parker includes all the necessary mounting hardware with the unit.
To mount the unit, complete the following steps:
1. Gently insert the PowerStation into the cutout.
2. Install a nut on each of the protruding studs on the back of the PowerStation’s bezel, and tighten
each nut to a torque of 17 inch/pounds.
Important The unit must fit flush in the enclosure. Tighten the nuts in a crosswise sequence to
ensure a good seal and prevent damage to the unit.
Mounting the other PS/PX/PC models
To mount the other PS/PX/PC models, complete the following steps:
Note
42
Necessary mounting clamps and screws are shipped with your system.
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Chapter 3: Installation
1. Cut a space in which to mount the unit.
The cutout dimensions will depend upon the size of your system’s display and are shown in the
following table and can be found on PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD.
Monitor
Size
Cutout Height
Cutout Width
10.4"
9.86” (250.44mm)
12.60”(320.04mm)
12.1"
11.25"
(285.75mm)
14.15"
(359.41mm)
15.1"
12.40"
(314.96mm)
15.90"
(403.86mm)
18.1”
14.26"
(362.21mm)
17.06"
(433.32mm)
2. Debur the cutout area.
3. Make sure that both sides of the panel mounting surface are clean and flat.
4. Slide the unit into the cutout from the front.
5. Attach the mounting clamps to the back of the unit, as shown in the following illustration.
Note
The following image is an illustration of a PXXX-2 model. However, the mounting clips
are located in the same place on all models.
Mounting clamps
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Chapter 3: Installation
•
If you have a system with a 9.5” or 10.4” display, attach 6 mounting clamps, with their
screws, to the back of the unit in the spaces provided. You will place 2 clamps at the top and
bottom of the unit and 1 on each side, as shown above.
•
If you have a system with a 12.1” or 15.1” display, attach 8 mounting clamps, with their
screws, to the back of the unit in the spaces provided. You will place 2 clamps at the top and
bottom of the unit and 2 on each side.
•
If you have a system with a 18.1” display, attach 12 mounting clamps, with their screws, to
the back of the unit in the spaces provided. You will place 3 clamps at the top and bottom of
the unit and 3 on each side. You must slide the feet of the mounting clip into the slot, then
slide the clip over to properly mount the unit.
Note
There are two styles of clamps used to secure the unit to your enclosure. Both styles are
illustrated in the figure below. The clamp shown at the top of the figure is used on units
with an 18” display while all other units use the clamp shown at the bottom of the figure.
The prongs at the bottom of each clamp should hook into the slots in each space. The end
of each screw should point toward the front of the enclosure.
6. Tighten each screw against the front of the enclosure to a torque of 8 lb./in.
Mounting the RS/RX/RC models
To mount the system, complete the following steps:
Note
Mounting screws are shipped with your system.
1. Drill four mounting holes in the panel where you will mount the system.
Measurements for the mounting holes are shown on your PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and
Utilities CD.
2. Make sure that the panel mounting surface is clean and flat.
3. Screw the mounting screws into the holes that you drilled, but do not tighten the screws all the way
down.
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4. Mount the system by placing the large openings in the mounting slots in the front cover over the
screws in the mounting panel, as shown in the illustration below. Slide the unit downward so that the
narrow ends of the mounting slots fit underneath the screw-heads.
The unit should fit snugly on the mounting screws. If the unit fits too loosely, remove it, tighten the
mounting screws, and remount the unit.
Mounting screws
Connecting the RS/RX/RC Unit to a Monitor
Once you have installed the RS/RX/RC unit, you are ready to connect it to a monitor. This section
explains how to connect the system either to CTC’s PowerStation RS Monitor or to another monitor.
Connecting to a PowerStation RS Monitor
To connect the RS/RX/RC to the PowerStation RS Monitor, connect the following cables:
Note
A 15-pin video cable is shipped with the RS Monitor.
1. Connect a 15-pin video cable between the monitor’s Analog Video Input port and the video port at
the back of the computer.
Note
A 9-pin touchscreen cable is shipped with the RS Monitor.
2. If you have a touchscreen monitor, follow the steps in BIOS Setup on page 50.
3. Connect a 9-pin touch-screen cable to the 9-pin serial port on the RS Monitor and COM3 at the
back of the computer.
Connecting to other monitors
To connect the RS/RX/RC to a non-PowerStation RS Monitor, connect a 15-pin video cable between
the video port at the back of the computer and the monitor’s video port.
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Chapter 3: Installation
Starting the System
Once your system has been mounted, you are ready to start it up. This procedure is described in the
following paragraphs.
Before connecting power to the unit, make sure that you have read and understood the Electrial
Specifications on page 109 and Testing Specifications on page 109. Also, make sure that you follow
the guidelines listed below:
•
For permanently connected equipment, a readily accessible disconnect device must be
incorporated into the fixed wiring.
•
For pluggable equipment, the socket-outlet must be installed near the equipment and should
be easily accessible.
Important
Proper installation of the system in European Union countries requires
the use of a harmonized power cord (the power cord must be identified
with the <HAR> symbol). Make sure that the system is connected to the
main supply with a harmonized power cord.
1. Connect the power cord to a voltage source.
Voltage input to the system should be within the range specified in Electrical Specifications on page
109.
2. Connect the power cord to the system.
3. Turn the system on.
The following are guidelines for starting under Windows 98, 2000, XP Pro, NT, or Embedded NT;
under a multiboot system; or under MS-DOS.
Starting in Windows 98, 2000, or XP Pro
If you are running Windows 98, 2000, XP Pro Windows will automatically load at startup.
Starting in Windows NT or Embedded NT
To load Windows NT, or Embedded NT at startup, complete the following steps:
Important You must have a keyboard connected to the system in order to load Windows NT or
Embedded NT.
1. Start the system, and press Crtl+Alt+Delete.
2. When the Logon Information window prompts you for the Administrator’s password, press
ENTER, or click OK (the password is blank by default).
3. Click Close in the Help window if you do not want Help when you first enter Windows NT or
Embedded NT.
Starting in Multiboot Systems
When starting in a multiboot system, you will be shown a menu, in which you will have the option of
booting into Windows NT or MS-DOS.
•
46
The PowerStation PS models are set to default to Windows NT.
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Chapter 3: Installation
•
You may change the default so that when the system starts, it defaults to MS-DOS.
You may wish to do this so that operators do not have to change the default selection every time
the system starts.
To set MS-DOS as the default operating system, complete the following steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, click Start ►Settings ►Control Panel.
2. The Control Panel window will open.
3. In the Control Panel window, click System.
4. The System Properties dialog box will open.
5. In the System Properties dialog box, click the Startup/Shutdown tab.
6. Select MS-DOS from the Startup drop-down list.
7. From the Show List For spin box, select the number of seconds the menu is displayed upon
startup.
8. Click OK.
The next time the system starts, the operating system will default to MS-DOS.
Starting in MS-DOS
If you are running a PowerStation PS model under MS-DOS, the MachineShop Shell will
automatically be loaded at startup.
You are now ready to begin using your system.
•
If you are using Interact or MachineLogic software, refer to the Interact Getting Started
Guide or the MachineLogic Getting Started Guide for help in developing your projects.
•
Refer to the MachineShop Getting Started Guide for information about how to download
projects.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
47
C HAPTER 4: M AINTENANCE
Occasionally, you may need to perform routine maintenance on some system components.
This chapter provides instructions for maintenance, as well as steps for solving problems that
may occur in operation.
Chapter Contents
BIOS Setup
50
Reinstalling Software
57
Restoring a Compact FlashCard
71
Maintaining the Display on a PS/PX/PC
72
Performing Internal Maintenance
76
Chapter 4: Maintenance
BIOS Setup
This section describes various BIOS settings you may modify if necessary. The BIOS version
residing on the 266MHz CPU card is slightly different than the BIOS version residing on the
566MHz and 1GHz CPU cards. Screen captures of both utilities are shown below. Read the following
steps carefully to ensure you are following the steps applicable to your specific BIOS.
If you want to reset any of the BIOS settings, shut down the system, connect a Keyboard to your
PowerStation, and press the F2 key while the system is starting up to display the BIOS setup window
shown below.
266MHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
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566MHz/1GHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
You can use the BIOS utility to perform the following functions on your PowerStation:
•
Configure the touchscreen and serial ports
•
Reset the disk boot priority (CompactFlash, Hard Drive, or Floppy)
•
Adjust the display brightness
•
Load the default BIOS settings
•
Remove the CTC splash screen
Configuring the Touchscreen and Serial Ports
To configure the serial ports, complete the following steps:
1. Start the system, and while the system is starting up, press the F2 key on your keyboard.
2. The PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility screen will appear.
3. Select the Advanced tab to display the following BIOS screen.
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266MHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
566MHz/1GHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
4. Scroll down to I/O Device Configuration.
5. Press ENTER.
A list of Serial Ports is displayed, as shown on the following page.
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266MHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
566MHz/1GHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
These are the default settings. Note that the touchscreen is assigned to COM3 (3E8), and that Serial
Port C, located at the back of the unit, is assigned to COM4(C) (2E8).
Note
The default setting for the touchscreen is enabled. The RS/RX/RC touchscreen setting is
manually set to disabled at the factory before it is shipped.
6. To configure all serial ports to the factory defaults, select F9.
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Chapter 4: Maintenance
Resetting Disk Boot Priority
To reset the disk boot priority, complete the following steps:
1. Start the system, and while the system is starting up, press the F2 key on your keyboard.
2. The PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility screen will appear.
3. Select the Boot tab if it is not displayed.
The following list is an example of the boot order list.
266MHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
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566MHz/1GHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
The system will try to boot from the first item on the list. If the system cannot boot from the first
item, it tries to boot from the second item, and so forth down the list until it can boot. In the
example above, the PS PowerStation will try to boot from the SanDisk, then the Hard Drive, then
the CD-ROM (or CD-R/W if installed), and finally the network.
Note
The list may include IDE hardware that is not currently installed on the system, but was
installed at one time. This feature is called the “Sticky IDE” feature. If your boot order
list includes “!Secondary Master” or “!Secondary Slave,” it is a function of the “Sticky
IDE” feature. Using this feature, the BIOS can recognize when a CompactFlash is in the
unit. This enables the unit to boot from the CompactFlash when the CompactFlash is in
the unit, and from the Hard Drive when the CompactFlash has been removed.
4. Decide in which order you want the boot list. Press the + or – sign on the keyboard to move the
selected device up or down in the boot order priority list.
Note
The devices which have a + sign next to them contain sub-items. The ENTER key
expands or collapses the sub-list.
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Loading Default BIOS Settings
To reload the default BIOS settings, complete the following steps:
1. Start the system, and while the system is starting up, press the F2 key on your keyboard.
2. The PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility screen will appear.
3. In the Exit menu, select the Load Setup Defaults option.
4. In the Advanced menu, change the Reset Configuration Data to Yes.
5. When the system restarts, this setting will automatically switch back to No.
6. Save these settings, and exit the setup program.
7. Restart the system.
When the system restarts, the default BIOS settings will be re-established.
Removing the CTC Splash Screen
1. Start the system, and while the system is starting up, press the F2 key on your keyboard.
The PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility screen will appear.
2. From the Main tab of the BIOS, scroll down to Boot-time Diagnostic Screen or Splash Screen
(566MHz/1GHz boards) as shown below.
266MHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
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566MHz/1GHz CPU Card BIOS Setup Utility
3. Press the + key to toggle the Boot-time Diagnostic Screen setting to [Enabled] or toggle the
Splash Screen setting to [Enabled].
Reinstalling Software
The PS/PX/RS/RX models come pre-loaded with the operating system and all of the other software
that you purchased. This software may be installed on your system’s hard drive if you have purchased
one, or on the system’s internal or external Compact Flash cards. (See Drive Functions on page 25 for
information about how a hard drive and CF cards work in your system.)
Backup copies of your software are provided on the CDs and floppy disks shipped with your system.
If any of the software on your system becomes lost or corrupted, you can reinstall it from these
distribution disks.
This discussion of reinstalling software is organized into several parts:
•
Reinstalling Software on Systems Running Windows
Repairing Windows from the Emergency Recovery Disk
Reinstalling the video driver
Reinstalling the touchscreen driver
Reinstalling the network driver
Reinstalling PowerSmart
Reinstalling MachineShop
Reinstalling InteractX Utilities
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•
Reinstalling Software on Systems Running MS-DOS
Reinstalling drivers and PowerStation Utilities
Reinstalling the touchscreen driver
Reinstalling the MachineShop Shell
Reinstalling Software on Systems Running Windows
This section explains how to reinstall necessary software on systems running Windows 98, NT 4.0,
Embedded NT 4.0, 2000, or XP Pro. If you do not have a system that runs Windows, you may skip
this section.
Important To reinstall the software described in this section, you must have a CD-ROM (or CDR/W) drive installed on your system.
To reinstall software on systems running Windows, you will need the following CDs/disks:
•
Windows 98, NT 4.0, Embedded NT 4.0, 2000, or XP Pro OEM Packet
•
PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD
Note
If you need additional help reinstalling any of the software described in this section,
consult the PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD, check the Support page
on the CTC website www.ctcusa.com, or call our Technical Support department at 513248-1714.
Repairing Window s from the Emergency Recover y Disk
If the operating system becomes damaged, you have the option of repairing the system in one of two
ways: you can perform a clean install from the CD and reinstall all of your software, or you can repair
the system using the Emergency Recovery Disk.
Repairing the operating system from the Emergency Recovery Disk allows you to reinstall basic
operating system components that are damaged while leaving the registry intact. This means you will
not have to reinstall the software or adjust the settings on your unit. The Emergency Recovery Disk
also allows you to customize the installation and specify which components you need reinstalled such
as a CD ROM driver.
To repair windows, you will need the following:
To Install . . .
You will need . . .
Windows 98
Windows 98 OEM Packet
Windows 98 Boot Disk (included with the OEM
Packet)
Windows 2000
Windows 2000 OEM Packet
Windows NT 4.0
Win NT 4.0 Emergency Recovery Disk
Windows
Embedded NT 4.0
Win Embedded NT 4.0 Emergency Recovery Disk
Windows XP Pro
Windows XP OEM Packet
1. Insert the CD for your operating system into the CD-ROM drive.
2. Boot your computer from the CD-ROM drive.
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3. Follow the directions to either repair or reinstall your operating system.
You should first attempt to repair your operating system first. If you still do not have the functionality
desired then perform the steps above except reinstall the operating system from scratch.
After reinstalling the operating system, you have to reinstall the video, touchscreen, network, and
PowerSmart drivers.
Reinstalling the video driver
Note
Applicable to 266MHz CPU boards: Under Windows 2000 and XP Pro the video driver
is incorporated into the operating system. So if you’ve installed the operating system,
you’ve already installed the video driver.
These procedures are slightly different based on the type of CPU board installed in your unit. Follow
the procedure for your specific board.
Reinstall the Video Dri ver for Window s 98 (266MHz CPU Board)
To reinstall the video driver under Windows 98, complete the following steps:
1. Start the system, and insert the PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD into the
system’s CD-ROM drive.
2. Select the Hardware Drivers and Utilities button.
3. Select the Windows Video Drivers button.
4. Select the 266MHz Processor button and choose your driver from this screen.
5. Follow the wizard instructions and your driver will be installed.
When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstall the Video Dri ver for Window s NT/Embedded NT ( 266MHz CPU
Boar d)
To reinstall the video driver under Windows NT 4.0, complete the following steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, click Start ► Settings ► Control Panel.
2. Click Display.
3. Click the Settings tab.
4. Click Display Type.
5. Click Change in Adapter Type.
6. Insert the PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD into the system’s CD-ROM drive.
7. Click Have Disk.
8. Under “Copy manufacturer’s files from,” type D:\Drivers\Video\266MHz Max.
Processor\WINNT40.
9. Select the oemsetup.inf file then click OK.
Note
In this example, D represents the letter of your CD-ROM drive. If your system has
assigned a different letter to the CD-ROM drive, type the appropriate letter.
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10. Select Chips Video Accelerator from the Display list, and then click OK.
A warning about third-party drivers will appear.
11. Click Yes to complete the installation.
12. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstall the Video Dri ver for Window s 98, 2000, or XP Pr o (566MHz –
1GHz CPU Board)
To reinstall the video driver under Windows 98, 2000, or XP Pro complete the following steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, click Start ► Settings ► Control Panel.
2. Click Display.
3. Click the Settings tab.
4. Click the Advanced button.
5. Click the Adaptor button.
6. Click the Change button.
7. Click Next.
8. Select “Display a list of all drivers…”
9. Insert the PS/PX/PC Drivers and Utilities CD into the system’s CD-ROM drive.
10. Click Have Disk.
11. For Windows 98 systems, browse to D:\Drivers\Video\300MHz 1GHz
Processor\WIN98.
12. For Windows 98 systems, select the chips98.inf file then click OK.
13. For Windows 2000 and XP Pro systems, browse to D:\Drivers\Video\300MHz 1GHz
Processor\WIN2K (or WINXP).
14. For Windows 2000 and XP Pro systems, select the chips2K.inf (or chipsxp.inf) file then click
OK.
Note
In this example, D represents the letter of your CD-ROM drive. If your system has
assigned a different letter to the CD-ROM drive, type the appropriate letter.
15. Select Chips and Tech. 69030 AGP/PCI from the Display list, and then click OK.
16. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstall the Video Dri ver for Window s NT/Embedded NT ( 566MHz –
1GHz CPU Board)
To reinstall the video driver under Windows NT 4.0, complete the following steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, click Start ► Settings ► Control Panel.
2. Click Display.
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3. Click the Settings tab.
4. Click Display Type.
5. Click Change in Adapter Type.
6. Insert the PS/PX/PC Drivers and Utilities CD into the system’s CD-ROM drive.
7. Click Have Disk.
8. Under “Copy manufacturer’s files from,” type D:\Drivers\Video\300MHz 1GHz
Processor\WINNT40.
9. Select the oemsetup.inf file then click OK.
Note
In this example, D represents the letter of your CD-ROM drive. If your system has
assigned a different letter to the CD-ROM drive, type the appropriate letter.
10. Select Chips Video Accelerator from the Display list, and then click OK.
A warning about third-party drivers will appear.
11. Click Yes to complete the installation.
12. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstalling the touchscreen driver
The touchscreen driver in the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation is the Touchbase Universal Pointing
Device Driver (UPDD). Use the following instructions to install the driver under Windows 98, 2000,
NT 4.0, Embedded NT 4.0, or XP Pro. If you have an RS/RX system, you may skip this section.
Reinstalling the touchscr een dri ver under Window s 98, NT, or
Embedded NT
To reinstall the touchscreen driver under Windows 98, NT, or Embedded NT you will make note of
the touchscreen IRQ and address values, you will install the driver, and then you will verify the
settings.
Identifying the IRQ and address values
Note
If you have not changed the IRQ and address settings from the default, skip to the next
section, Installing the driver.
1. Start the system, and while the system is starting up, press the F2 key on your keyboard.
2. The PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility screen will appear.
3. Select the Advanced tab.
4. Scroll down to I/O Device Configuration.
5. Press ENTER.
A list of Serial Ports is displayed. See the following table.
Serial Ports
Address
IRQ
A
3F8
4
B
2F8
3
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C
2E8
9
Touchscreen
3E8
11
6. Make a note of the touchscreen address and IRQ settings. You will need these to verify the settings
after you install the driver.
Note
The default setting for the I/O Port is 3E8 and the IRQ is 11.
Installing the driver
To install the touchscreen driver under Windows 98, NT, or Embedded NT, complete the following
steps:
1. Insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation, Utilities, and Drivers CD into your CD-ROM
drive.
2. Select the Hardware Drivers and Utilities button from the main menu.
3. Follow the instructions to select the correct touchscreen driver for this operating system.
4. Follow the installation wizard to install the driver.
5. After installation is complete, restart the computer.
Note
You must restart the computer for your installation to take effect.
Verifying the settings
Important To verify the touchscreen settings, you must know the touchscreen IRQ and address
settings. If you are not sure what these settings are, complete steps 1-6 under Identifying
the IRQ and address values on page 61.
To verify that the system recognizes the correct IRQ and I/O Port Address settings, complete the
following:
1. Select Start-Programs-UPDD-Settings.
The Pointer Device Properties window will appear.
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2. Select the Hardware tab.
3. Compare the Address and IRQ settings with the jumper settings that you noted in step 5 of the
section Identifying the IRQ and address values on page 61.
4. Complete one of the following:
Settings
Action
If the settings match
Continue with step 5.
If the settings do not match
1. Press the Advanced button.
2. Change the Address and IRQ settings to match the settings of the
previous section.
3. Press Apply.
4. Press OK.
5. Calibrate the touchscreen if necessary. For instructions, see Recalibrating the Touchscreen on page
74.
Reinstalling the touchscr een dri ver under Window s 2000 or XP Pr o
To install the touchscreen driver under Windows 2000 or XP Pro, you will identify the driver COM
port or install a new COM port (first time installation), install the driver, and then configure the driver
settings.
Identifying the driver COM port
How you identify the driver COM port will depend upon whether you are replacing an existing
installation of the driver (e.g., a corrupted driver) or installing the driver on a computer for the first
time (e.g., under a new operating system).
If you are reinstalling the driver to replace an existing installation, you must determine the present
driver COM port, using the Windows Device Manager.
If you are installing the driver for the first time, you must install a new driver COM port, using the
Add New Hardware Wizard.
To identify the present touchscreen driver COM port, complete the following steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, select Start ► Settings.
2. On the Settings submenu, select Control Panel.
3. In Control Panel, select the System icon.
4. In the System Properties dialog box, select the Hardware tab.
5. On the Hardware tab, select the Device Manager button.
6. On the Device Manager menu, open the Ports directory.
7. Double-click on a port.
Note
The most likely choice is the third port in the list.
The port’s Properties sheet will appear.
8. Select the Resources tab, and look in the Resource settings group box to determine if the port uses
3E8 and IRQ 11.
This will be the touchscreen driver COM port.
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9. Check each port until you find the touchscreen driver COM port; then make a note of this port to
use when you install the touchscreen driver.
Reinstalling the touchscreen driver
To install the touchscreen driver, complete the following steps:
Important To install the touchscreen driver, you must know the driver COM port number. If you are
not sure what this number is, complete steps 1-9 under Identifying the COM port on page
63.
1. Insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation, Utilities, and Drivers CD into your CD-ROM
drive.
2. Select the Hardware Drivers and Utilities button from the main menu.
3. Follow the instructions to select the correct touchscreen driver for this operating system.
4. Follow the installation wizard to install the driver.
5. After installation is complete, restart the computer.
6. Run the Universal Pointing Device Driver.
7. Choose the COM port that matches the hardware settings from the table below.
Address
COM Port
3F8
1(A)
2F8
2(B)
3E8
3 (TS)
2E8
4(C)
8. Press Finish after the installation is complete.
9. Restart the computer.
10. Calibrate the touchscreen if necessary. For instructions, see Recalibrating the Touchscreen on
page 74.
Note
Once the touchscreen driver is installed, you can create a UPDD “clone” file that you can
copy to your Touch directory and use if you need to reinstall the driver under Windows
2000 or XP Pro. The clone file greatly simplifies the installation procedure. See the
UPDD online Help for instructions on how to create and use this clone file. If your
touchscreen is on the default address 3E8, IRQ 11, then a clone file already exists for
these settings on the Documentation, Drivers, and Utility CD.
Reinstalling the netw ork driver
Note
Applicable to 266MHz CPU boards: Under Windows 2000 and XP Pro, the network
driver loads automatically when Windows is installed.
These procedures are slightly different based on the type of CPU board installed in your unit. Follow
the procedure for your specific board.
Reinstall netw ork driver under Window s 98 (266M Hz CPU Boar d)
To reinstall the network driver under Windows 98, complete the following steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, click Start ► Settings ► Control Panel.
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The Control Panel will appear.
2. Click System.
3. Click the Device Manager tab.
4. Click the + sign next to Network adapters.
A list of installed network drivers will appear.
5. Select the Intel 8255X-BaseD PCI Ethernet Adapter (10/100).
Note
This driver should have an exclamation point (!) next to it.
6. Click Remove, and follow the prompts on screen to uninstall the driver.
7. Restart the system.
The New Hardware Found dialog box will appear. It will identify the network adapter as a PCI
Ethernet Controller.
8. Click Cancel and let Windows continue to boot.
9. Insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation, Utilities, and Drivers CD into your CD-ROM
drive.
10. Select the Hardware Drivers and Utilities button from the main menu.
11. Follow the instructions to select the correct network driver for this operating system.
12. Follow the installation wizard to install the driver.
13. In the Update Device Driver Wizard, click Next.
The wizard will list the driver it has found as Intel (R) PRO/100+ PCI Adapter.
14. Click Finish.
15. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstall the netw ork dri ver under Window s NT or Embedded NT
(266MHz CPU Board)
To reinstall the network driver under Windows NT 4.0 or Embedded NT 4.0, complete the following
steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, click Start ► Settings ► Control Panel.
2. Click Network.
3. Click the Adapter tab.
4. On the Adapter tab, click Add.
The Select Network Adapters dialog box will appear with a list of installed network drivers.
5. Do not select a driver from this list. Instead, insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation,
Drivers, and Utilities CD into the system’s CD-ROM drive.
Important
You must load the Ethernet driver provided by CTC Parker. Using any
of the drivers provided by Windows will cause a General Protection
Fault; all programs will fail to respond.
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6. Select the Explore CD button from the main menu.
7. Under the following directory, read the README CTC.TXT file for instructions to select the
correct network driver for this operating system:
\\Drivers\Pro 100 Ethernet
8. Follow the installation wizard to install the driver.
9. Return to the Select Network Adapters dialog within Windows and click Have Disk.
The Install from Disk dialog box will appear.
10. Select the appropriate driver for your system configuration as indicated in the README
CTC.TXT file that you reviewed in step 7.
11. Follow the prompts to complete the installation.
12. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstall the netw ork dri ver under Window s 98, 2000, or XP Pro (566MHz
– 1GHz CPU Board)
To reinstall the video driver under Windows 98, 2000, or XP Pro complete the following steps:
1. Start the system, and insert the PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD into the
system’s CD-ROM drive.
2. Select the Pro 100 Ethernet Install Guide button.
3. Click the Choosing the Correct Driver button.
4. Follow the instructions listed in the text file and your driver will be installed.
5. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstall the netw ork dri ver under Window s NT or Embedded NT
(566MHz – 1G Hz CPU Board)
To reinstall the network driver under Windows NT 4.0 or Embedded NT 4.0, complete the following
steps:
1. On the Windows taskbar, click Start ► Settings ► Control Panel.
2. Click Network.
3. Click the Adapter tab.
4. On the Adapter tab, click Add.
The Select Network Adapters dialog box will appear with a list of installed network drivers.
5. Do not select a driver from this list. Instead, insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation,
Utilities, and Drivers CD into the system’s CD-ROM drive.
Important
66
You must load the Ethernet driver provided by CTC Parker. Using any
of the drivers provided by Windows will cause a General Protection
Fault; all programs will fail to respond.
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6. Select the Explore CD button from the main menu.
7. Under the following directory, read the README CTC.TXT file for instructions to select the
correct network driver for this operating system:
\\Drivers\Pro 100 Ethernet
8. Follow the installation wizard to install the driver.
9. Return to the Select Network Adapters dialog within Windows and click Have Disk.
The Install from Disk dialog box will appear.
10. Select the appropriate driver for your system configuration as indicated in the README
CTC.TXT file that you reviewed in step 7.
11. Follow the prompts to complete the installation.
12. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstalling Pow erSmart
Use the following instructions to reinstall the PowerSmart system monitor utility under MS-DOS,
Windows 98, 2000, XP Pro NT 4.0, or Embedded NT 4.0.
To reinstall PowerSmart, complete the following steps:
1. Start the system, and insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation, Utilities, and Drivers CD
into your CD-ROM drive.
2. Select the Hardware Drivers and Utilities button from the main menu.
3. Click the PowerSmart Utility button.
4. Select the correct utility for this operating system. If installing on an MS-DOS system be sure to
select the README First for DOS button for important information.
5. When installation is complete, restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
Reinstalling MachineShop
Use the following instructions to reinstall the MachineShop development suite or any of its
components on one of the PowerStation PS models. If you do not have a PowerStation, you can skip
this section.
1. Start the system, and insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation, Utilities, and Drivers CD
into your CD-ROM drive.
2. Select the Bundled HMI Software Utilities button from the main menu.
3. Select the Interact Utilities button from the sub-menu.
4. Select the MachineShop Toolbar Installer button from the sub-menu.
The Setup Welcome dialog box will appear.
5. If you have previously installed MachineShop, a special Setup Welcome dialog box will appear
allowing you to modify, repair, or remove the installation. If you select Modify, and click Next, the
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Select Operation dialog box will appear.
6. Click MachineShop Suite, and follow the installation wizard to install MachineShop.
Note
You may choose to install Adobe Acrobat as part of your suite installation. If, after
Acrobat installs, you are prompted to restart your computer, select No, and then click
Finish to allow your system to complete the MachineShop Suite installation.
Reinstalling InteractX Utilities
Use the following instructions to reinstall Parker MachineShop Suite or InteractX Runtime only
software.
1. Start the system, and insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation, Utilities, and Drivers CD
into your CD-ROM drive.
2. Select the Bundled HMI Software Utilities button from the main menu.
3. Select the InteractX HMI Utilities button from the sub-menu.
4. Select the button that represents the software you wish to install from the sub-menu.
When installation is complete, restart the system.
Reinstalling PowerStation Software on Systems Running
MS-DOS
This section explains how to reinstall the MachineShop Shell, and essential drivers and PowerStation
utilities on your system. The procedures described below must be completed under MS-DOS. If you
are running Windows 98 or NT on your system, restart the system in MS-DOS mode.
To reinstall software on systems running MS-DOS, you will need the following CDs/disks:
•
MS-DOS 6.22 and Utilities Installation Disk
•
PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD
•
MachineShop CD
To reinstall the software described in this section, you must have an external floppy disk drive
connected to your PowerStation.
Note
If you need additional help reinstalling any of the software described in this section,
consult the PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD, check the Support page
on the CTC website www.ctcusa.com, or call our Technical Support department at 513248-1714.
Reinstalling drivers and Pow erStation utilities
The PowerStation drivers and utilities are stored on the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation,
Drivers, and Utilities CD.
To reinstall all necessary drivers and utilities, such as the touchscreen, video, and network drivers, in
the PS Series PowerStation, complete the following steps:
1. Insert the MachineShop CD into a CD-ROM drive.
2. Follow the instructions to create a PowerStation Start disk on a floppy disk.
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3. Insert the created PowerStation Start Disk into the system’s floppy drive.
4. If necessary, change to the root directory of drive A by typing A:
5. Press Enter to execute this command.
6. At the DOS prompt, type Install A: C:
Note
In this example, C represents the drive letter of the device on which you want to install
the PowerStation Utilities—either a hard drive or CF card. If you are using both a hard
drive and a CF card in your system, type the appropriate drive letter.
7. Press Enter to execute this command.
8. Follow the instructions to install the files.
The system will copy the necessary PowerStation files from the Start Disk and unzip them.
At the end of the installation, you will be asked if you would like the factory-default Autoexec.bat
and Config.sys files to be copied to the root directory of drive C.
If you answer Yes, the existing Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files will be renamed as Autoexec.old
and Config.old.
If you answer No, the factory-default files will be copied as Autoexec.ctc and Config.ctc in the CTC
directory of drive C.
9. We recommend that you type Y for Yes.
10. After the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files have been copied onto your system, press any key to
continue.
The PowerStation utilities installation is complete.
You will be asked if you want to recalibrate the touchscreen.
11. If you have a system with touchscreen, type Y for Yes, and recalibrate the touchscreen (see
Recalibrating the Touchscreen on page 74 for instructions). If you do not have a touchscreen, type N
for No.
At this point, you will be prompted to install the MachineShop Shell. If you have to do this refer to
the steps below for instructions.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
For touchscreen units: The following files will be placed in the \TOUCH directory on your hard
drive.
Directory
\TOUCH
File
TBDriver
TBDDemo
TBCal
TBDiag
TBMouse
Note
•
When the touchscreen software is installed, the configuration parameters will be set
according to your desired configuration. You should not need to change them.
To change the address or IRQs from the touch directory, type the following line to get the
command options:
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C:\TOUCH>tbdriver /?
Note
Include a space between the driver and the backslash.
Reinstalling the MachineShop Shell
To reinstall the MachineShop Shell, complete the following steps:
1. Insert the MachineShop Shell Installation Disk into the system’s external floppy disk drive.
Note
The MachineShop Shell Installation Disk is part of the Runtime Workstation Disk Set,
which you can create from the MachineShop CD. See the MachineShop Installation
Booklet for instructions on how to create this disk.
2. If necessary, change to the root directory of drive A by typing A:.
3. Press Enter to execute this command.
4. At the DOS prompt, type Install A: C:
Note
In this example, C represents the drive letter of the device on which you want to install
the MachineShop Shell—either a hard drive or CF card. If you are using both a hard
drive and a CF card in your system, type the appropriate drive letter.
5. Press Enter to execute this command.
You will be asked if you want to continue with the installation.
6. Type Y for Yes in order to continue.
The system will copy the MachineShop Shell files onto the system’s hard drive or CF card. It will
copy Shell files into the CTC directory.
Note
The touchscreen drivers are copied into the Touch\Dox directory, and network drivers are
copied into the Net directory.
7. Restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your installation to take effect.
The system will display the MachineShop Shell.
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Restoring a Compact FlashCard
Note
If you do not have a PowerStation that runs on a CF card, you can skip this section.
If you use a Compact Flash (CF) card as the startup drive in a PowerStation, you may need to create a
bootable CF card for the system from a blank or used card. This procedure will fix a DOS Shell
Compact Flash and allow you to do the following:
•
Replace deleted or corrupted files on a CF card
•
Prepare a new card for use
You can easily reformat a Compact Flash card by using CTC’s FlashBack utility, which restores the
MS-DOS operating system and PowerStation operating files to a CF card in one, simple operation. To
do this, you will open FlashBack on the PS/PX/PC Documentation, Drivers, and Utilities CD shipped
with your system and use the instructions in the FlashBack online help to reformat the CF card.
Important
The following steps should be completed on a personal desktop computer with a
SanDisk ImageMate or a laptop with a PCMCIA-to-Compact Flash adaptor. To
follow this procedure, you must have a CD-ROM drive installed on your personal
computer or laptop.
Warning
During a disk transfer procedure, do not remove flashcard before issuing a Stop
or shutting down the OS. Otherwise, the last part of the data will not be
transferred to the Flashcard.
To reformat a CF card for a model in the PS/PX Series PowerStation, complete the following steps:
1. Start the system, and insert the PS/PX/PC PowerStation Documentation, Utilities, and Drivers CD
into your CD-ROM drive of a personal desktop computer or laptop.
2. Select the Bundled HMI Software Utilities button from the main menu.
3. Select the Interact Utilities button from the sub-menu.
4. Select the FlashBack Utility button and follow the instructions.
The FlashBack Utility dialog box will appear.
5. Click the Help button to find complete, online instructions for using the FlashBack utility.
Note
Make sure that you are using at least revision 104 of the FlashBack utility, which allows
the formatting of the CF card even if the boot sector of the CF card is unreadable to DOS.
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Maintaining the Display on a PS/PX/PC
Note
If you have an RS/RX/RC system (without display), you may skip this section.
This section contains instructions for the following:
•
Cleaning the display screen
•
Reconfiguring the touchscreen driver
•
Recalibrating the touchscreen
Cleaning the Display Screen
•
If you wish to clean the display screen, do so using warm, soapy water and a cloth.
•
You also may use any non-abrasive cleaner.
•
Do not use any harsh material or powder, such as steel wool or abrasive cleansers.
•
See Faceplate Chemical Resistance on page 110 for a list of substances the screen can resist
with no visible effect.
Important
PowerStation users: Do not clean the unit while Interact or InteractX is in Run
mode. Clean the unit only when power is off to keep from inadvertently
activating a device (button, slide, etc.).
If you have a touchscreen monitor, the touchscreen surface is sensitive to scraping, sharp blows, or
punctures. Therefore, keep screwdrivers or other sharp objects away from the surface.
Reconfiguring the Touchscreen Driver
Your system will be shipped with one of the following touchscreen drivers installed and configured.
The touchscreen driver installed will depend upon your computer’s operating system:
Operating System
Driver
DOS
TouchBase Driver
Windows
Universal Pointing Device Driver (UPDD)
You may have to reconfigure the touchscreen driver if it becomes corrupted, if you reinstall it, or if
you wish to change the touchscreen jumper settings in your computer.
This section explains how to reconfigure the touchscreen driver under Windows 98, 2000, XP Pro,
NT 4.0, or Embedded NT 4.0, and under MS-DOS (PowerStations only).
Reconfiguring under Window s
To configure the touchscreen driver under Windows 98, 2000, NT 4.0 or Embedded NT 4.0, complete
the following steps:
1. Select Start-Programs-UPDD-Settings.
The Pointer Device Properties window will appear.
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2. Select the Hardware tab.
The Hardware dialog box will appear as shown below.
The following table displays the default settings for the touchscreen.
Touchscreen Default Settings
Port
COM3
Interrupt IRQ
11
Address
3E8
3. Click OK when you are finished.
4. Click OK.
5. If the changes have no effect, restart the system.
Reconfiguring under MS-DOS (PS and RS models only)
To configure the touchscreen driver on a system with MS-DOS, complete the following steps:
1. Start the system.
The DOS C:\ prompt will appear.
Note
If the system boots to MachineShop Shell, exit the Shell.
2. At the C:\ prompt, type Edit Autoexec.bat.
The text of the Autoexec.bat file will appear.
3. Select one of the following:
•
If you wish to re-establish the factory default settings for your touchscreen address and IRQ,
make sure that the lines near the beginning of the Autoexec.bat file read as follows:
SET TOUCH_ADDR=3E8
SET TOUCH_IRQ=11
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•
If you intend to change the touchscreen settings, change the preceding lines to reflect the new
touchscreen address and IRQ.
4. Restart the system.
Note
You must restart the system for your changes to take effect.
Recalibrating the Touchscreen
Your system’s touchscreen will be calibrated at the factory. However, you may need to calibrate the
touchscreen when you use the system for the first time or whenever the cursor location and the place
on the screen where the user touches do not match.
If you are running Windows, you can calibrate the touchscreen under Windows 98, 2000, NT 4.0, or
Embedded NT 4.0.
If you are running a PowerStation under MS-DOS, you can calibrate the touchscreen under DOS
from the MachineShop Shell.
Recalibrating under Window s
To recalibrate the touchscreen under Windows 98, 2000, NT 4.0, or Embedded NT 4.0, complete the
following steps:
1. Select Start-Programs-UPDD-Calibrate.
The following following display will appear:
x
x
x
x
x
2. Place your finger on the x in the upper left corner of the screen.
The x will automatically advance to the next corner when you touch it.
3. Touch the x in each of the three subsequent corners.
After the calibration is complete, the UPDD calibrate program will automatically close, and return
you to the Windows desktop.
Important If the touchscreen still does not appear calibrated, and the cursor moves vertically when
your finger moves horizontally on the screen or vice versa, the touchscreen cable may not
be connected to the motherboard properly. Call a CTC customer service representative.
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Recalibrating under MS-DOS (PS and PC models onl y)
To recalibrate the touchscreen under MS-DOS (from the MachineShop Shell), complete the following
steps:
Note
This procedure requires a keyboard.
1. On the MachineShop Shell main menu, press the SETTINGS button.
The Settings submenu will appear.
2. Press the POWER STATION button.
The PowerStation Settings submenu will appear.
3. On the PowerStation Settings submenu, press the Calibrate Touchscrn button.
You will be prompted that a keyboard is needed to calibrate the touchscreen. Then you will be asked
if you want to continue.
4. Connect a keyboard to the system, if none is connected.
5. When you have connected a keyboard, press the Yes button to continue the calibration.
The Touchscreen Calibration screen will appear.
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6. Press any key on the keyboard when you are ready to begin calibration.
The Touchscreen Driver Configuration screen will appear.
7. Type H for Hard Calibration.
8. Press Esc or X to exit the calibration utility.
Important
After calibrating the touchscreen, enter Interact in Program Mode.
Verify that the cursor appears on the screen where you touch. If it
does not, recalibrate the touchscreen. The calibration must be
accurate to avoid activating a button unintentionally during Run
mode.
Performing Internal Maintenance
This section includes important information about performing internal maintenance on the PS/PX/PC
PowerStation, including:
•
Replacing field-replaceable components
•
Observing electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions
•
Opening and closing the system
•
Adding expansion cards
•
Changing jumper settings
Replacing Components
The following components are field-replaceable.
76
•
Backlight bulbs
•
Battery
•
CD-ROM or CD-R/W drive
•
Floppy disk drive
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•
Fuse
•
Hard disk drive
•
SDRAM modules
•
Touchscreen
Instructions for replacing these components can be found on the CTC website www.ctcusa.com at the
Support web link “Product Manuals”.
We recommend that you order replacement components and installation kits from CTC Parker at 513831-2340.
Replacement components purchased from CTC are designed and tested to work effectively in your
system.
Complete installation instructions are included with each item.
Note
If you wish to purchase replacement components from another source, check the table of
Recommended SDRAM Manufacturers which appears on page 106.
Observing ESD Precautions
Modern integrated electronic devices, especially circuit cards and memory chips, are extremely
sensitive to electrostatic discharges (ESD) and fields. Before you open the system, be sure to follow
these simple precautions to protect you and the unit from harm resulting from ESD:
Electrostatic
Discharge
Warning
•
Always disconnect the power from the PowerStation before opening or
disassembling the unit. Do not touch any components on the CPU card
or other cards while the PowerStation is on.
•
Disconnect power before making any hardware configuration changes.
The sudden rush of power as you connect a jumper or install a card may
damage sensitive electronic components.
•
Only handle internal components in an ESD-safe location, using
appropriate grounding methods.
•
Wear a grounding wrist strap for continuous protection.
•
Always ground yourself to remove any static charge before you touch
the CPU card.
•
Do not to touch the chip connectors.
•
Keep any card or SDRAM module in its anti-static packaging when it is
not installed in the PowerStation. Place it on a static dissipative mat
when you are working on it.
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Opening and Closing the System
In order to perform internal maintenance on the PowerStations, you will have to access the inside of
the workstation. The PowerStations have two main parts: the backshell and the faceplate. The
faceplate assembly on the PS/PX/PC models includes the bezel.
Backshell
Faceplate
Bezel
Opening the s ystem
Warning
For safety reasons, the PowerStation should be opened only by qualified
service personnel.
Access the CPU board
To open the backshell and access the CPU board, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the system.
2. Disconnect the system from the power source.
3. Disconnect all cables attached to the system.
4. Remove the screws from the backplate of the unit (see the illustration below) and set aside.
Note
78
The unit illustrated below is a PS15-2. However, the 4 corner screws are located in the
same place for all units within the PS/PX/PC PowerStation series regardless of the model
number. The PXXX-3/-5 (ISA majority backplate expansion) and PXXX-4/-6 (PCI
majority backplate expansion) have an additional fifth screw, indicated in the following
illustration by the dashed arrow.
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5. If you own a unit with ISA or PCI cards, you will need to remove the bracket that holds the cards
in place.
The backplate is removed and the CPU board is accessible.
Access the hard drive and CD drive area
The area where the hard drive and CD-ROM drive are installed is behind the CPU board. To access
this area, separate the backshell from the faceplate by completing the following steps:
1. Complete the steps under Access the CPU Board on the previous page, then continue.
For location of each of the cable connectors on the CPU board, see page 18 or 19.
2. Detach the flat panel display cable from the CPU board connector, if the unit is attached to a
display. Otherwise, skip to step 5.
3. Detach the function keypad cable, if the unit is attached to a faceplate with a function keypad.
4. Detach the touchscreen cable, if the unit is attached to a display.
5. Detach the CD-ROM drive cable from the CPU board connector, if the unit has a CD-ROM drive.
6. Detach the hard drive cable from the CPU board connector, if the unit has a hard drive.
7. Remove the 6 screws (2 on each of three sides) attaching the backshell to the faceplate and set the
screws aside.
Note
The screws are located in the same place for all units within the PS/PX/PC Series
PowerStation regardless of the model number - see the white arrows in the illustration
below.
8. Lift the backshell to one side and slide the cables through the slot.
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9. Set the backshell aside.
The backshell is removed. The Hard drive/CD-ROM drive area of the backshell is now accessible, as
is the faceplate.
Access the display on the PX50 and PX51
To access the display, complete the following steps:
1. Remove the four corner screws (two on each side) on the transition plate that connect the backshell
to the faceplate.
2. Stand the backshell on its side, being aware not to overstretch the cables.
3. For continued work on the display, detach the flat panel cable, the touchscreen cable, and the
function keypad cable.
Access the display on the PX10 models
1. Remove the backplate, see Access the CPU Board on page 78.
2. Detach the flat panel cable.
3. Detach the touchscreen cable.
4. Remove the six screws on the two sides and bottom of the backshell, then remove the backshell
and set aside.
5. Remove the 12 screws on the sides of the unit that attach the faceplate to the bezel.
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6. Tilt the faceplate to one side and slide the cable through the slot on the faceplate.
Note
Be careful not to disconnect the touchscreen cable from the touchscreen pig tail.
7. Set the faceplate aside.
Access the display on PX12, and PX15 models
1. Remove the backplate, see Access the CPU Board on page 78.
2. Detach the flat panel cable.
3. Detach the touchscreen cable.
4. Remove the two screws on the transition plate that connect the backshell to the faceplate assembly.
5. Remove the L-shaped bracket from the hinge.
6. Detach the transition plate and backshell from the hinge by sliding it toward or away from you
depending on the position of the unit.
7. Remove the three screws attaching the faceplate to the bezel.
Closing the s ystem after accessing the displa y
Reassemble the PX50 and PX51
To reassemble after accessing the display, complete the following steps:
1. Reattach the flat panel cable, the touchscreen cable, and the function keypad cable.
2. Place the backshell on the faceplate, being careful not to crimp any cables.
3. Replace the four corner screws on the transition plate that connect the backshell to the faceplate.
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Reassemble the PX10 models
To reassemble after accessing the display, complete the following steps:
1. Slide the cables back through the slots on the faceplate.
2. Place the faceplate on the bezel and reinstall the 12 screws.
3. Place the backshell on the faceplate and reinstall the six screws.
4. Reattach the flat panel cable, and the touchscreen cable to the CPU board.
5. Complete the steps for installing the backplate listed below.
Reassemble PX12, and PX15 models
To reassemble after accessing the display, complete the following steps:
1. Place the faceplate on the bezel by sliding the tabs of the bezel into the slots on the faceplate.
2. Replace the three screws attaching the faceplate to the bezel.
3. Connect the hinges on the adapter plate to the hinges on the faceplate sliding them into place (the
backshell should already be attached to the adaptor plate).
4. Reattach the L-shaped bracket on the hinge.
5. Secure the transition plate and backshell to the faceplate using the two screws previously removed.
6. Attach the flat panel cable, and the touchscreen cable to the CPU board.
7. Complete the steps for installing the backplate below.
Closing the s ystem after accessing the drive area
Install the backshell
To install the backshell, complete the following steps:
1. Position the backshell onto the faceplate, making sure the 6 screw tabs on the faceplate are
positioned inside the backshell.
2. Attach the backshell using the six screws previously removed from the unit.
3. If using a display, attach the flat panel cable and the touchscreen cable to the board.
4. If using a faceplate with the function keypad, attach the function keypad cable to the board.
5. Continue with the steps below for installing the backplate.
Install the backplate
To install the backplate on the unit, complete the following steps:
1. If you own a unit that uses ISA or PCI cards, you will need to install the bracket that holds the
cards in place.
2. Place the backplate onto the unit.
3. Secure the backplate using the four or five screws removed when disassembling the unit.
The backplate is installed.
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Adding Expansion Cards
The maximum depth for all expansion slots is 11”.
The PXXX-2/RXXX-2 will support up to three PC/104 expansion cards.
The PXXX-3(-5)/RXXX-3(-5) will support any of the following options:
•
Three ISA cards
•
Two ISA cards and one PCI card
The PXXX-4(-6)/RXXX-4(-6) will support any of the following options:
•
Three PCI cards
•
Two PCI cards and one ISA card
Note
The PC/104 connector and the ISA or PCI riser card will support either 5V or universaltype expansion cards. They will not support 3.3V cards. As with most ISA bus computer
port addresses, 300 through 31F are available for expansion cards. See I/O Addresses and
IRQs on page 35 for a list of the addresses and IRQs used by the PS/PX/PC Series
PowerStation. Make sure that any cards you install do not conflict with these IRQs or
addresses.
Adapter cards supported by Interact
If you have a PowerStation (PS or RS), the following table lists PLC expansion cards that can be used
with Interact software and the address range for each card.
Do not put all cards at the same address.
In all cases, use the highest address location possible. This will provide contiguous memory for
applications.
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Driver Name
Address Range
Memory Boundary
Allen-Bradley Remote I/O
(ABREMIO)
C800 - DFFF
32K
Resides on 32K boundaries
CTC Parker Automation
MachineLogic Control Adapter
(MLCA)
OR
MachineLogic Slot Card
(MLSC)
C800 - DFFF
4, 8, 16, or
32K
Dependent upon “Space
Required”
D000 is typical for
PowerStations
(can reside
anywhere in UMB)
16K
Resides on 16K boundaries
DCSNET PC Link Module
(DCSNET)
A000 - FC00
16K
Resides on 16K boundaries
16K
Resides on 16K boundaries
Device Net (DVNT)
84
Space
Required
GE Fanuc Genius I/O (GENIUS)
C800 - E000
16K
Resides on 16K boundaries
Giddings & Lewis (GLP9)
C000 - E180
2K
Resides on 2K boundaries
Mitsubishi A7BDE (MITS) MELSECNET and A3N
C800 - DFFF
16K
Resides on 16K boundaries
Mitsubishi A7BDE (MITS) - RS4
C800 - DFFF
8K
Resides on 8K boundaries
Modicon ModBus Plus (MBPL)
C800 - DFFF
2K
Resides on 2K boundaries
OMRON SYSMAC Link (SLNK)
C000 - D800
2K
Resides on 2K boundaries
Opto 22 (MIST)
C000 - E180
2K
Resides on 2K boundaries
Reliance R-NET PC Link
Module (RLNT)
C800 - DFFF
16K
Resides on 16K boundaries
Siemens TIWAY (TIWAY)
C000 - E000
4K
Resides on 4K boundaries
Square D SY/MAX Module
(SDSL)
CA00 - D300
4K
Resides on 4K boundaries
Sutherland-Schultz SD Adapter
(SSSD)
C800 - DFFF
32K
Resides on 32K boundaries
Texas Instruments Remote I/O
(TIRIO)
C800 - DFFF
1K
Resides on 1K boundaries
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Plug and Pla y configuration
If you add an expansion card that is not configured for plug and play (a “legacy”card), you must
configure your system in order to avoid resource conflicts:
To reconfigure your system for a legacy expansion card, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on the PowerStation, and before the system boots, press the F2 key on your keyboard.
The CMOS Setup Utility screen will appear.
2. Using the right arrow key, tab to the Advanced menu.
3. Arrow down to PCI Configuration and press Enter.
The PCI Configuration screen will appear.
4. Use the Down Arrow key to scroll to PCI/PNP ISA IRQ Resource Exclusion.
5. Press ENTER.
A list of IRQs will be displayed.
6. Highlight the IRQ of the ISA card and change its setting to [Reserved].
7. Press Esc until the Save to CMOS and Exit prompt appears.
8. Select Y, and then press ENTER.
Your settings will be saved to CMOS, and you will exit the CMOS Setup Utility.
Changing Jumper Settings
Like other PCs, the PowerStation PS uses jumpers to control some system functions. This section
explains how to change jumper settings in order to:
•
Enable or disable the Ethernet port
•
Change the communication protocol for COM2(B)
•
Change the master/slave status of the system’s CF drives
•
Clear the system’s CMOS settings
Important
Other jumpers have been factory set for optimal system performance
and should not be changed.
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Jumper locations – 266MHz CPU Card
Locations of the PowerStation’s configurable jumpers are shown in the illustration(s) below.
To change jumper settings, first open the backplate (see Opening the system on page 78 for
instructions). Then follow the procedures outlined in this section. Jumpers set to “on” and “off”
should look like those shown below.
ON
Note
OFF
“Off” jumpers can be completely removed or placed as in the illustration above.
Ethernet port - 266MHz CPU Card
The ENET jumper controls the Ethernet port (see the configurable jumpers illustration above for this
jumper’s location). The default setting, with the Ethernet port enabled, is shown below.
Enabled (default)
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To disable the Ethernet port, set the jumper as shown below.
Disabled
COM2(B) communication protocol - 266MHz CPU Card
Jumpers that set the communication protocol for COM2(B) are shown in the configurable jumpers
illustration on the previous page. The default protocol for COM2(B) is RS-485. Jumper settings for
this protocol are shown in the following illustration.
RS-485
If you want the protocol to be RS-422, set the jumpers as shown below.
RS-422
If you want the protocol to be RS-232, set the jumpers as shown in the illustration on the following
page.
RS-232
Note See also Serial Ports on page 27. For pinout information on all three serial ports, see
COM1(A), 2(B), and 4(C) pinouts on page 26.
Internal CF master/slave status - 266MHz CPU Card
Jumpers E7 and E8 determine whether the internal CF card operates as a master or slave drive. The
location of these jumpers is shown on page 86.
Note
The internal Compact Flash will compete with the hard drive as master or slave. You will
need to set a designation.
When the internal CF is the master drive, the jumper is “On,” as shown in the following illustration.
Master
When the internal CF is a slave, the jumpers should be “Off,” as shown below.
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Slave
External CF master/slave status - 266MHz CPU Card
Jumpers E70 and E71 determine whether the external CF card operates as a master or slave drive.
The location of these jumpers is shown in the illustration on page 86.
Note
The external Compact Flash will compete with the CD ROM drive as master or slave.
You will need to set a designation.
When the external CF is the master drive, the jumpers are “On,” as shown below.
Master
When the external CF is a slave, the jumpers should be “Off,” as shown below.
Slave
CMOS settings - 266MHz CPU Card
Jumpers E52, E53, and E54 enable you to clear the computer’s CMOS settings. The location of these
jumpers is shown in the illustration on page 86. The default setting for these jumpers is shown below.
Default
To clear the CMOS settings, complete the following steps:
1. Set the jumpers as shown below.
2. Wait a few seconds.
3. Reset the jumpers to the default settings.
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Jumper locations – 566MHz/1GHz CPU Card
Locations of the PowerStation’s configurable jumpers are shown in the illustration(s) below.
To change jumper settings, first open the backplate (see Opening the system on page 78 for
instructions). Then follow the procedures outlined in this section. Jumpers set to “on” and “off”
should look like those shown below.
ON
Note
OFF
“Off” jumpers can be completely removed or placed as in the illustration above.
Ethernet port - 566MHz/1GHz CPU Card
The ENET jumper controls the Ethernet port (see the configurable jumpers illustration above for this
jumper’s location). The default setting, with the Ethernet port enabled, is shown below.
Enabled (default)
To disable the Ethernet port, set the jumper as shown below.
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Disabled
COM2(B) communication protocol - 566MHz/1GHz CPU Card
Jumpers that set the communication protocol for COM2 are shown in the configurable jumpers
illustration on the previous page. The default protocol for COM2 is RS-485. Jumper settings for this
protocol are shown in the following illustration.
RS-485
If you want the protocol to be RS-422, set the jumpers as shown below.
RS-422
If you want the protocol to be RS-232, set the jumpers as shown below.
RS-232
Note See also Serial Ports on page 27. For pinout information on all three serial ports, see
COM1(A), 2(B), and 4(C) pinouts on page 26.
Internal CF master/slave status - 566MHz/1GHz CPU Card
Jumpers E4 and E5 determine whether the internal CF card operates as a master or slave drive. The
location of these jumpers is shown on page 86.
Note
The internal Compact Flash will compete with the hard drive as master or slave. You will
need to set a designation.
When the internal CF is the master drive, the jumper is “On,” as shown in the following illustration.
Master
When the internal CF is a slave, the jumpers should be “Off,” as shown below.
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Slave
External CF master/slave status - 566MHz/1GHz CPU Card
Jumpers E44 and E45 determine whether the external CF card operates as a master or slave drive.
The location of these jumpers is shown in the illustration on page 86.
Note
The external Compact Flash will compete with the CD ROM drive as master or slave.
You will need to set a designation.
When the external CF is the master drive, the jumpers are “On,” as shown below.
Master
When the external CF is a slave, the jumpers should be “Off,” as shown below.
Slave
CMOS settings - 566MHz/1GHz CPU Card
Jumpers E1, E2, and E3 enable you to clear the computer’s CMOS settings. The location of these
jumpers is shown in the illustration on page 86. The default setting for these jumpers is shown below.
Default
To clear the CMOS settings, complete the following steps:
1. Set the jumpers as shown below.
2. Wait a few seconds.
3. Reset the jumpers to the default settings.
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C HAPTER 5: T ROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter provides basic troubleshooting steps to help you identify and correct problems
that you may have with your PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation. Each problem is described,
followed by one or more possible solutions.
Chapter Contents
Troubleshooting Instructions
94
Problems When Starting
95
Problems Signaled by PowerSmart
97
Problems with Displays
99
Problems with Touchscreens
99
Problems with Peripheral Devices
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Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Instructions
This chapter provides basic troubleshooting steps to help you identify and correct problems that you
may have with your PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation. Each problem is described, followed by one or
more possible solutions. Begin with the first solution, and continue until you have solved the problem
or exhausted the possible solutions.
If you cannot solve the problem yourself, or if you have a problem that is not documented here,
contact your CTC Parker distributor, check the Support page on the CTC website www.ctcusa.com,
or call our Technical Support department at 513-248-1714.
Use the following table to find discussions of specific problems.
Problem
Page
Problems When Starting
System does not start; the display is blank.
95
The RAM test fails, or the total memory installed does not match the total contiguous RAM listed in the
display following the RAM test.
95
The system locks up while starting and will not restart (PS/PX/PC only).
96
The DOS prompt is displayed instead of the MachineShop Shell main menu (PS/RS only).
96
Autoexec.bat and Config.sys problems (PS/RS only).
97
Problems Signaled by PowerSmart
An error condition exists for a power supply voltage.
97
An error condition exists for a temperature.
98
An error exists for a fan.
98
PowerSmart display shows a COMM ERROR.
98
Problems with Displays
The top or bottom half of the screen looks dark.
99
After startup, the touchscreen is blank.
99
Problems with Touchscreens
After startup, the touchscreen does not work properly, or touchscreen calibration is incorrect.
99
After calibrating the touchscreen, it either does not work or does not follow your finger.
100
Problems with Peripheral Devices
94
A PS/2 mouse does not work.
100
A keyboard does not work.
100
The function keypad does not work
101
The Ethernet port does not work.
101
A driver does not work with the installed adapter card.
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Problems When Starting
Some of the most common problems that users encounter with PC’s occur when they start their
systems. This section discusses problems that may occur during startup.
System does not start; the display is blank
1. Turn off the system.
2. Make sure that the power cord is firmly plugged into both the system and the power source.
3. Restart the system.
If the display does not come on, continue with step 4.
4. Turn off the system.
5. Disconnect the system from the power source.
6. Open the backplate, following the procedure in Opening the system on page 78.
7. Make sure that the video cable is firmly connected.
8. Make sure that the SDRAM modules are firmly seated in their sockets and that the socket latches
are fully engaged.
9. Make sure that all cards are firmly seated.
10. Close the system, following the procedure in Closing the system on page 81.
11. Reconnect the system to the power source.
12. Restart the system.
The RAM test fails, or the total memory installed does not match the total contiguous
RAM listed in the display following the RAM test
Note
The CPU board contains 32M (64M on 566MHz and 1GHz CPU cards) of memory. You
must add the same amount of memory to the SDRAM stick.
1. Turn off the system.
2. Disconnect the system from the power source.
3. Open the backplate, following the procedure in Opening the system on page 78.
4. Re-seat the SDRAM module on the CPU card.
Make sure that the module is firmly seated in its socket and that the socket latches are fully engaged.
5. Close the system, following the procedure in Closing the system on page 81.
6. Reconnect the system to the power source.
7. Restart the system.
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The system locks up while starting and will not restart (PS/RS only).
1. Turn off the system.
2. Connect a keyboard to the system.
3. Restart in MS-DOS mode.
4. When the message Starting MS-DOS appears, press the F8 key.
This will cause the system to step through the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files line-by-line.
Note
If the Starting MS-DOS message does not appear, go to step 7.
Note
Use the DOS copy command to overwrite the corrupted file.
5. Step through the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files until you find the cause of the lockup.
6. Restart the system to see if the problem has been solved.
7. If the system locks up before the Starting MS-DOS message appears, restart the unit, and press the
F2 key to enter the BIOS setup program.
8. In the Exit menu, select the Load Setup Defaults option.
9. Selecting this option will restore the BIOS settings to their factory default configuration.
10. In the Advanced menu, change the Reset Configuration Data to Yes.
11. When the system restarts, this setting will automatically switch back to No.
12. Save these settings, and exit the setup program.
13. Restart the system.
The DOS prompt is displayed instead of the MachineShop Shell main menu (PS/RS
only).
1. Restart the system.
2. If the problem persists, turn off the system.
3. Connect a keyboard to the unit.
4. Restart the system.
5. When the message Starting MS-DOS appears, press the F8 key.
This will cause the system to step through the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files line-by-line.
6. The Autoexec.bat file may have been corrupted or modified.
Note
Use the DOS copy command to overwrite the corrupted file.
7. Verify that the following lines (which load the MachineShop Shell) appear at the end of the
Autoexec.bat file and do not have the word REM in front of them:
CD \CTC
PSU
8. Restart the system.
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Autoexec.bat and Config.sys problems (PS/RS only)
In the PS/RS workstations, some startup problems might be caused by a corrupted or modified
Autoexec.bat or Config.sys file. Backup copies of these files (Autoexec.ctc and Config.ctc) are
included on the hard drive in the directory \ctc\ shipped with your system.
If you suspect a problem with the Autoexec.bat or Config.sys file, use the DOS copy command to
create a backup copy of your current file. Then overwrite the suspect file with the backup. The
backup files are located in the \ctc\ directory. For example, if the Autoexec.bat file is suspect, type the
following commands at the DOS prompt:
copy autoexec.bat autoexec.old
copy \ctc\autoexec.ctc autoexec.bat
For further information, check the Support page on CTC’s website at www.ctcusa.com.
Problems Signaled by PowerSmart
The PS/PX Series PowerStation comes with the exclusive PowerSmart system monitor that keeps
track of the unit’s power supply output voltage, internal temperature, cooling fan speeds, and hours of
operation. It also signals communication errors by any of PowerSmart’s monitoring devices. See
PowerSmart on page 32 for information about how the PowerSmart utility works.
The following table shows the values monitored by PowerSmart.
Parameter
Nominal Value
Minimum Value
Maximum Value
Internal temperature
N/A
N/A
65ºC
Cooling fan speeds
4800 – 5800 RPM
3000 RPM
N/A
3.3V power supply
3.3 VDC
3.0 VDC
3.6 VDC
5V power supply
5.0 VDC
4.75 VDC
5.5 VDC
12V power supply
12.0 VDC
11.5 VDC
12.5 VDC
-5V power supply
-5.0 VDC
-5.5 VDC
-4.75 VDC
-12V power supply
-12.0 VDC
-12.5 VDC
-11.5 VDC
If any of the system’s voltage, fan speed, or temperature parameters is out-of-limit, the PowerSmart
display will change color, and the gauges will show the error condition.
If the display has been minimized, the PowerSmart button on the Windows taskbar will flash
continually.
Click the button to show the display.
The remainder of this section explains how to respond if PowerSmart indicates that any parameters
are out of limit.
An error condition exists for a power supply voltage
If the power supply shows low voltage, make sure that any expansion cards installed do not exceed
the recommended power supply load limit (see Electrical Specifications on page 109 for this
parameter).
Use a voltmeter to measure the power supply.
If the voltmeter confirms the error, contact our Technical Support department at 513-248-1714 about
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replacing the power supply.
An error condition exists for a temperature
1. Make sure that any expansion cards installed do not exceed the recommended power supply load
limit (see Electrical Specifications on page 109 for this parameter).
2. Make sure that the maximum rated ambient temperature for the system has not been exceeded (see
Electrical Specifications on page 109 for this parameter).
An error exists for a fan
1. Make sure there is no foreign matter obstructing the fan blades.
2. Make sure the fan power harness has not come loose or is frayed.
The PowerSmart display shows a COMM ERROR
When a communications error occurs in a monitoring device, the Comms Status light in the
PowerSmart display will change from green to red, and a dialog box, like the one below, will appear
describing the error. Information provided by the device will not display.
If the microcontroller fails, no information will display on any gauge because the microcontroller
decides what information to display.
Note
If the Comms Status light is red, but no dialog box appears, click on the light to see the
COMM ERROR.
1. Check for loose or shorted pins on the PowerSmart peripheral device showing the error.
The devices and their locations are shown below. See PowerSmart on page 34 for a description of the
devices’ functions.
Device
Location
(266MHz
board)
Location
(566MHz/1GHz
board)
Microcontroller (87LPC764)
CPU card U38
CPU card U23
Peripheral monitor (DS1780)
CPU card U41
CPU card U37
EEPROM (24C02)
CPU card U39
CPU card U21
2. Contact our Technical Support department at 513-248-1714 about replacing the device showing the
error.
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Problems with Displays
The top or bottom half of the screen looks dark
One of the backlight bulbs may be burned out. Replace both backlight bulbs.
Contact your CTC Parker distributor or CTC Customer Support to order a Backlight Bulb
Replacement Kit.
After startup, the display is blank
This problem could occur if the connection to the power or video cable is interrupted. Complete the
following steps to check the power. If the problem still exists, follow the procedure for checking the
video cable.
Che c k t he pow e r
1. Turn off the system.
2. Make sure the power cord is firmly plugged into both the system and the power source.
3. Restart the system.
Che c k t he v id eo c ab l e
1. Turn off the system.
2. Disconnect the system from the power source.
3. Open the backplate. See Opening the system on page 78 for instructions.
4. Make sure that the video cable is firmly connected.
5. Close the system. See Closing the system on page 81 for instructions.
6. Reconnect the system to the power source.
7. Restart the system.
Problems with Touchscreens
This section discusses problems that may occur in systems that have a touchscreen display. If you do
not have a touchscreen, skip this section.
After startup, the touchscreen does not work properly, the touchscreen does not
load, or touchscreen calibration is incorrect
•
You may need to reconfigure or recalibrate the touchscreen.
See Reconfiguring the Touchscreen Driver on page 72 and Recalibrating the Touchscreen on
page 74 for instructions.
•
Restart the system.
PS/PC only
1. If the problem persists, turn off the system.
2. Connect a keyboard to the unit.
3. Restart in MS-DOS mode.
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4. When the message Starting MS-DOS appears, press the F8 key.
5. This will cause the system to step through the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files line-by-line.
6. Verify that the following lines appear in the Autoexec.bat file before the lines that load the
touchscreen driver:
IF EXIST C:\CTC\MOUSE.INI DEL C:\CTC\
MOUSE.INI
LH C:\CTC\MOUSE
7. Verify that the touchscreen drivers are being loaded.
Look in the Autoexec.bat file for the following lines:
SET TOUCH_PATH=C:\TOUCH
CALL %TOUCH_PATH%\TCHINIT.BAT
Note
Use the DOS copy command to overwrite a corrupted Autoexec.bat file.
8. If you have changed the BIOS settings for your touchscreen address or IRQ, locate the following
lines near the beginning of the Autoexec.bat file, and change them to reflect your new settings:
SET TOUCH_ADDR=3E8
SET TOUCH_IRQ=11
After calibrating the touchscreen, it either does not work or does not follow your
finger
1. Open the unit following the procedure on page 78.
2. Make sure that the touchscreen cable is properly connected.
3. Close the unit following the procedure on page 81.
4. If the touchscreen cable is damaged, replace the touchscreen cable.
Contact our Technical Support department at 513-248-1714 to order a new touchscreen cable.
Problems with Peripheral Devices
This section discusses problems that may occur after startup.
A PS/2 mouse does not work
1. Make sure that you are using a Microsoft PS/2 mouse.
Some PS/2 mice that claim to be Microsoft-compatible will not work correctly with the PS/PC. Do
not use a serial mouse with a serial-to-PS/2 port adapter.
2. Make sure that your mouse is plugged into the PS/2 mouse port.
3. Try using a new PS/2 mouse.
A keyboard does not work
1. Make sure the keyboard is an AT-compatible keyboard, not an XT keyboard.
2. Make sure that your keyboard is plugged into the PS/2 keyboard port.
Note
100
If you have a PX50 or PX51, then the keyboard will be plugged into the faceplate.
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3. Try using a new keyboard.
The function keypad does not work
Open the PowerStation, see page 78, and check the following:
1. The function keypad cable is plugged in to the function keypad cable socket.
2. The cables have not been crimped.
The Ethernet port does not work
1. Make sure that the Ethernet cable is securely plugged into the Ethernet port.
PS/PX/PC only
2. If the problem persists, turn off the system.
3. Connect a keyboard to the unit.
4. Restart in MS-DOS mode.
5. When the message Starting MS-DOS appears, press the F8 key.
This will cause the system to step through the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files line-by-line.
6. Make sure that the networking software is being loaded.
Specifically, verify that the following lines appear in the Autoexec.bat file and do not have the word
REM in front of them:
CD \NET
CALL C:\NET\NET.BAT
A driver does not work with the installed adapter card
•
Make sure that there are no interrupt or memory conflicts with other adapter cards.
See Adding Expansion Cards on page 83 for a list of I/O addresses available to expansion
cards. See I/O Addresses and IRQs on page 35 for the addresses and IRQs used by the
system.
PS/PC only
•
Make sure that the adapter card is supported by the PS/PC.
See Adding Expansion Cards on page 83 for a list of adapter cards that the PS Series
PowerStation will support and their memory locations.
Note
For additional information about adapter cards supplied by CTC Parker, see the Windows
help file for your Interact device driver(s) or your I/O driver help file(s). These help files
will be accessible from the MachineShop toolbar.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
101
A PPENDIX A: S PECIFICATIONS
This appendix lists specifications for all models in the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation unless
otherwise indicated.
Contents
Physical Specifications
104
Recommended SDRAM Manufacturers
106
Operating Systems Supported
106
Display Specifications
107
Environmental Specifications
108
Electrical Specifications
109
Testing Specifications
109
Faceplate Chemical Resistance
110
Agency Approvals
111
5
Appendix A: Specifications
Physical Specifications
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation Specifications
Category
Specifications for Standard Line
Dimensions
(H x W x D)
See dimensional drawings for each model
Weight
• PS10-2:
13.9 lbs.
• PS10-3, -4:
15.5 lbs.
• PS12-2:
21.0 lbs.
• PS12-3, -4:
22.6 lbs.
• PS15-2:
24.4 lbs
• PS15-3, -4:
26.0 lbs
• PS18-2:
28.46 lbs
• PS18-3, -4:
30.54 lbs
• Floppy Drive:
2.0 lbs.
Processor
Intel Pentium MMX 266MHz, 66MHz host bus frequency
Intel Celeron  566MHz, 66MHz host bus frequency
Intel Pentium III 1.0GHz, 100MHz host bus frequency
Memory
32MB SDRAM (4 chips) is soldered on the 266MHz CPU card.
64MB SDRAM (4 chips) is soldered on the 566MHz and CPU card.
In addition, one DIMM socket supports up to 256MB of SDRAM.
Note:
A minimum of 128MB SDRAM is recommended for systems running Windows 2000. If
you need to replace SDRAM, see Recommended SDRAM Manufacturers on page
106.
Cache
512K level-two cache
Storage
• Two on-board Compact Flash (CF) slots. External CF slot has CF card ejector
• 10GB or higher hard drive (optional)
• CD-ROM drive (optional)
• CD-R/W drive (optional)
• 1.44MB high-density floppy drive (optional, external)
Peripheral
interfaces
• Three 16550 serial ports
◦ Two 9-pin serial RS-232 ports
◦ One 9-pin RS-232/422/485 configurable port
• One internal for the touchscreen controller
• One 25-pin bi-directional parallel port, supports SPP, EPP, and ECP
• Two PS/2 ports
◦ Keyboard
◦ Mouse
• Two USB ports
Note: DOS and Windows NT 4.0 do not support USB ports
• One RJ45 Ethernet port, 10Base-T/100Base-TX (See “Ethernet Controller” below)
104
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Appendix A: Specifications
Category
Specifications for Standard Line
• Video port (see “Video” in this table, below”)
• Integrated, dual-channel EIDE interface
• Support for up to four IDE devices
• PIO Mode 4 transfers at up to 16MB/sec
• Support for Ultra DMA/33 synchronous DMA mode transfers at up to 33MB/sec
• Bus master mode with an 8 x 32-bit buffer for bus master PCI IDE burst transfers
• On-board resistive touchscreen controller
Ethernet
Controller
• Intel 82559 PCI 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Interface Ethernet controller
Video
• Intel, CHIPS 69000 HiQVideo Accelerator (266MHz CPU board)
• RJ45 interface
◦ Integrated IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX compatible PHY
◦ System Management Bus (SMB) support for advanced management
support
◦ PCI power management specifications compliance
◦ Full duplex support at both 10 and 100 Mbps operation
◦ IEEE 802.3u auto-negotiation support
◦ 3K Transmit FIFO and 3K Receive FIFO
◦ Back-to-back transmission support with minimum interframe spacing
◦ IEEE 802.3x 100BASE-TX Flow Control support\
• Intel, CHIPS 69030 HiQVideo Accelerator (566MHz – 1GHz CPU board)
• 2MB (266MHz CPU board) or 4MB (566MHz – 1GHz CPU board) of high-speed
SDRAM on chip-frame buffer
• Analog video is supported via an industry-standard SVGA 15-pin Sub-D connector
located on the rear panel
Touchscreen
• A serial touchscreen controller is used to interface to the Touchscreen
• The touchscreen is connected to the ISA bus through the 16C552 UART,
designated as COM3
• I/O resources for the touchscreen are BIOS
• The IRQ choices are IRQ3, IRQ4, IRQ9, IRQ11
Expansion
slots
• PC/104 expansion up to three cards
• ISA PCI riser card connector for expansion up to three ISA or three PCI with three
PCI masters
• ISA bus—16-bit, supports the IEEE ISA standard, up to 8.333MHz
• PCI bus (rev. 2.2)—supports the 33MHz 32-bit, PCI bus architecture
BIOS
Phoenix BIOS is located in the 256K boot-block FLASH EPROM. Standard features
include:
◦ FLASH/EPROM-based setup utility
◦ Power-On Self-Test (POST)
◦ Password protection
◦ Advanced Power Management
◦ System plug and play support
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
105
Appendix A: Specifications
Category
Additional
Features
Specifications for Standard Line
• Real-time clock with battery backup
• APC (Advanced Power Supply) control
• Integrated 24VDC-input power supply
• CTC Parker’s software security key socket
• CTC Parker’s PowerSmart hardware support
• “Sticky IDE” feature
• Beeper
• Watchdog Timer
◦ Includes a software-enabled/disabled watchdog timer
◦ Generates a system reset when triggered
◦ Timeout interval ranges from 1 to 62 seconds
◦ Can be set by writing an I/O port address
Recommended SDRAM Manufacturers
Available Sizes
Manufacturer
Product Number
256MB
Hyundai
HYM71V653201
256MB
Toshiba
THMY6432G1EG-80
128MB
Hyundai
HYM7V651601BTRG-10S
128MB
Micron
MT8LSDT1664AB-10EB1
128MB
SEC
KMM374S1623BT-GLQ
64MB
Hyundai
HYM7V65801BTRG-10S
64MB
Micron
MT4LSDT864AG-10EB1
64MB
Toshiba
THMY6480F1BEG-80
32MB
Hyundai
HYM7V65401BTRG-10S
32MB
Micron
MT4LSDT464AG-10EC6
32MB
SEC
KMM374S403CT-GL
32MB
SEC
KMM374S823BT-GLQ
Operating Systems Supported
The PS/PC/RS/RC supports the operating systems listed
below
MS-DOS 6.xx
Windows 98
Windows 2000
Windows NT 4.0
Windows Embedded NT 4.0
Windows XP Pro
106
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Appendix A: Specifications
Display Specifications
Displa y Options
The PS/PX/PC comes with the display options shown in the following table. Each display can be
ordered with or without a touchscreen, and each can show up to 262,144 colors.
PowerStation/PC
PS10, PC10
Display
Size
Resolution
Color
Type
*9.4"
VGA (640 x 480)
Mono
LCD
10.4"
VGA (640 x 480)
Color
TFT
10.4”
VGA (640 x 480)
Bright Color
TFT
PS12, PC12
12.1"
SVGA (800 x 600)
Color
TFT
PS15, PC15
15.1"
XGA (1024 x 768)
Color
TFT
PS18, PC18
18.1”
SXGA (1280 x 1024)
Color
TFT
RS, RC
No display
*Available with the PS10 model only
Note
PSs and PCs with 12.1" and 15.1" displays have a special card installed that enables them
to display Interact screens at 640 x 480 VGA resolution.
Brightness, and Backlight Lifetime
Category
Brightness
Backlight lifetime
Display Type
Specifications
9.5” Mono
110 nits
10.4” TFT Color
200 nits
10.4” Bright TFT Color
350 nits
12.1" TFT Color
300 nits
15.1” TFT Color
200 nits
18.1” TFT Color
235 nits
9.5” Mono
10,000 hours
10.4” TFT Color
50,000 hours
10.4” Bright TFT Color
50,000 hours
12.1" TFT Color
50,000 hours
15.1" TFT Color
50,000 hours
18.1” TFT Color
50,000 hours
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
107
Appendix A: Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Category
Specifications
Operating temperature
41º to 122º F (5º to 50º C) ambient air temperature
Storage temperature
-4ºF to 158ºF(-20º to 70º C)
Relative humidity
5% to 95% non-condensing
Altitude
-200ft. to 10,000ft. (-60.96m to 3,048m)
Shock rating
10g, 11ms operating
30g, 11ms non-operating
Vibration rating
0.5g rms from 10 to 500Hz operating (hard drive)
1.0g rms from 10 to 500Hz non-operating
With CD-ROM or CD-R/W drive, 0.2g rms
With Compact Flash card, 1g rms from 10 to 500Hz operating
Faceplate designed for
Type 4/4X environment
Note
The unit is only rated for a 4/4X environment if it is mounted in
an enclosure that is rated NEMA 4/4X.
Limit the system’s exposure to adverse conditions, such as dust,
oil, moisture, and corrosive vapors in order to minimize
maintenance and repair costs.
Important
108
Remember that the temperature within a protective enclosure is
generally higher than the external temperature. Thus, if the system
is operating inside an enclosure, at temperature levels above its
rated ambient temperature, you must cool the enclosure.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Appendix A: Specifications
Electrical Specifications
The PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation accepts DC input only. To apply AC power, you must use an AC
adapter.
Note
You can purchase an AC adapter from CTC Parker Automation at 513-831-2340.
Electrical specifications for the system are listed in the table below.
Category
Unit Specifications
24VDC nominal @ 4.5A
Input voltage
24VDC surge @ 12A for 10mS (worst case)
Input voltage range: 18VDC-28VDC
250VAC Littlefuse, part #216 3.15, field-replaceable (266MHz
CPU board)
Fuse type
250VAC Littlefuse, part #216 008, field-replaceable (566MHz 1GHz CPU board)
5A max. overcurrent protection (266MHz CPU board)
8A max. overcurrent protection (566MHz or 1GHz CPU board)
Expansion
slots
Voltage and total current available for expansion cards are as follows:
3.3VDC @ 1A
5VDC @ 1.5A
12VDC @ 0.5A
-5VDC @ 0.075A
-12VDC @ 0.15A
Important
The system’s power supply automatically detects the input voltage
level and adjusts accordingly. However, always use reliable
sources of power, and isolate all communication cables from
power lines to enhance noise immunity.
Testing Specifications
Testing Criteria
Classification
Showering arc
NEMA showering arc
Surge withstanding capacitance
EN61000-4-5
ESD requirements
EN61000-4-2
Operating temperature
IEC 68-2-1
Electrical fast transient
EN61000-4-4
European Harmonized EAC Standards
EN50082-2, EN55011
Operating vibration
IEC 68-2-6
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
109
Appendix A: Specifications
Testing Criteria
Classification
Mechanical shock
IEC 68-2-27
Random vibration
MIL-STD-810D
Faceplate Chemical Resistance
The system’s faceplate can resist the chemicals listed below, with no visible effect.
Acetone
Sulfuric Acid 10%
Motor oil
MEK
Hydrochloric Acid 10%
Gasoline
Toluene
Acetic Acid 10%
Machine oil
Methylene Chloride
Phosphoric Acid
Salad oil
Isopropyl Alcohol
Sodium Hydroxide 10%
Silicone
Xylene
Carbon Tetrachloride
Silicone grease G31
Hexane
Potassium Hydroxide
Kerosene
Butyl Cellosolve
Ammonia water 10%
Gas oil
Cyclohexanone
Sodium Chloride 26%
Silicone oil
Trichloroethylene
Zinc Chloride 81%
Engine oil
Ethanol
Cottonseed oil
Cleanser
Methanol
Glycerin
Nitric Acid 10%
Grease
All system surfaces exposed outside of an enclosure are resistive to the following chemicals:
•
Commercial glass cleaners
•
Ammonia (10% dilute solution)
•
Motor oil
•
Hydraulic fluid
•
Diesel fuel
•
Gasoline (leaded, unleaded)
•
Silicone-based lubricant
•
Alcohol (ethyl, methyl)
•
Automatic transmission fluid
Important
110
Sustained exposure to brake fluid or Gunk® brand degreaser can
cause damage to monitor materials.
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
Appendix A: Specifications
Agency Approvals
All models in the PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation are available with the following combinations of
agency approvals:
Agency Approvals
UL
CUL
UL
CUL
CE
UL
CUL
Class 1 Div 2
UL
CUL
CE
Class 1 Div 2
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
111
I NDEX
A
Adapter cards, .............................................. 83
Adding Expansion Cards, ........................... 83
Agency Approvals, ................................... 111
Application Engineering Services, .............. 11
Autoexec.bat File
Backup copy, ................................................. 97
Step through,.................................................. 96
Troubleshoot, ................................................. 97
B
Backlight bulbs, .......................................... 76
Battery, ........................................................ 31
Field Replaceable, .......................................... 76
Lithium, ......................................................... 31
BIOS, .......................................................... 19
Displays Supported, ....................................... 20
Features
Standard Model, ................................. 19, 105
Memory Map, ................................................ 37
Settings, ......................................................... 50
Default, ...................................................... 56
Bus interfaces, ............................................. 17
C
CD-ROM, .................................................... 24
Access, ........................................................... 41
Field Replaceable, .......................................... 76
Location, ........................................................ 22
Specifications, .............................................. 104
Use, ................................................................ 25
Vibration Rating, ......................................... 108
Class I, Division 2 Guidelines, ................... 40
Cleaning the Display Screen, ...................... 72
Closing the System, .................................... 81
CMOS settings, ..................................... 88, 91
COM1, ............................................ 27, 28, 36
COM2, .................... 17, 27, 28, 36, 85, 87, 90
COM3, ...................................... 27, 28, 36, 45
Compact Flash, ................................... 22, 104
Environmental Specifications, ..................... 108
Location, ........................................................ 22
Master/Slave, ............................... 87, 88, 90, 91
Jumpers, ..................................................... 85
Memory, ......................................................... 37
Reformat, ....................................................... 71
Remove, ......................................................... 24
Replace, ......................................................... 24
Use, ................................................................ 25
112
Using, .............................................................23
Config.sys File
Backup copy, ..................................................97
Step through, ..................................................96
Troubleshoot, .................................................97
Configurable jumpers, ................................. 17
Configuring Serial Ports, ............................ 51
Connecting the RS/RC Unit to a Monitor, .. 45
Copyright, ..................................................... 2
CPU, .......................................... 27, 34, 36, 98
Battery, ...........................................................31
CF Location, ...................................................22
Characteristics, ...............................................17
Diagram, ...................................................18, 19
Jumpers, ................................................86, 89
Features, .........................................................13
Fuse, ...............................................................32
Voltage, ..........................................................31
Watchdog Timer, ............................................32
Customer Support, ........................................ 9
Consulting Services, .......................................11
Product Support Program, ..............................11
Training, .........................................................10
D
Displays, ...................................................... 21
BIOS Support, ................................................20
Function Keypad, ...........................................21
Problems, ..................................................94, 99
Specifications, ..............................................107
Video Port, .....................................................30
Drive Functions, .......................................... 25
Drives, ......................................................... 22
Access, ...........................................................41
CD-ROM, .......................................................24
CF, ..................................................................22
Floppy, ...........................................................24
Hard Drive, .....................................................24
E
Electrical Guidelines, .................................. 40
Electrical Specifications, ........................... 109
Enclosure Guidelines, ................................. 41
Environmental Guidelines, ......................... 40
Environmental Specifications, .................. 108
EPROM, ........................................ 19, 98, 105
ESD Precautions, ........................................ 77
Ethernet
Controller, ....................................................105
PS Series PowerStation User Guide
Ethernet Port, .................................. 26, 27, 30
Jumpers, ..............................................85, 86, 89
Pinout Data, ....................................................30
Specifications, ..............................................104
Troubleshoot, ................................................101
Expansion Slots, .................................. 34, 105
Max. Depth, ....................................................34
Specifications, ..............................................109
F
Faceplate, .................................................... 40
Chemical Resistance, ...................................110
FLASH memory, ......................................... 19
Floppy Drive, .............................................. 24
Field Replaceable, ..........................................76
Use, .................................................................25
Function Keypad, ........................................ 21
Operation, .......................................................21
Fuse, .................................................... 32, 109
Field Replaceable, ..........................................77
H
Hard Drive
Field Replaceable, ..........................................77
Use, .................................................................25
I
I/O addresses, ...................................... 35, 101
Industrial PC Drivers and Utilities CD, 16, 58,
68
Interact, ....................................................... 21
Internal Temperatures
PowerSmart, ...................................................32
IRQ
Change, ...........................................................36
Choices, ........................................................105
Recognition, ...................................................62
Table, ..............................................................36
Touchscreen, ....................................73, 85, 100
ISO Symbols, ................................................ 9
J
Jumpers
Change Settings, .............................................85
Diagram, ...................................................86, 89
M
Memory, .................................. 36, 37, 84, 104
Modules, ...................................................... 36
Mounting the System, ................................. 42
MS-DOS, .. 16, 46, 47, 68, 69, 72, 75, 96, 106
PowerSmart, ...................................................33
Reconfigure Touchscreen, ..............................73
Restore on CF, ................................................71
Touchscreen, ..................................................74
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
MS-DOS 6.22 and Utilities Installation Disk,
16
Multiboot Systems, ..................................... 46
N
Null Modem, ............................................... 28
O
Opening and Closing the System, ............... 78
P
Parallel Port, ................ 20, 26, 29, 35, 36, 104
Pinout Data, ................................................... 29
Printer, ........................................................... 29
Peripheral Devices, ............................. 32, 100
Physical Specifications
Standard Model, ........................................... 104
Pinout Data
Ethernet Port, ................................................. 30
Parallel Port, .................................................. 29
PS/2 Ports, ..................................................... 30
USB Ports, ..................................................... 31
Video Port, ..................................................... 30
Power Supply, ..................................... 31, 106
PowerSmart, ..... 32, 33, 34, 59, 67, 94, 97, 98,
106
Screenshot, ..................................................... 32
Problems when starting, ........................ 94, 95
Problems with peripheral devices, .............. 94
Processor, .................................................... 17
Standard, ...................................................... 104
PS/2 Ports, ..................................... 26, 29, 104
R
RAM, .................................................... 19, 94
Recalibrating the Touchscreen, ................... 74
Reconfiguring the Touchscreen Driver, ...... 72
Reconfiguring under Windows, .................. 72
Reinstalling drivers, .................................... 68
Reinstalling MachineShop, ......................... 67
Reinstalling the MachineShop Shell, .......... 70
Replacement components, .......................... 77
Replacing Components, .............................. 76
Resetting Disk Boot Priority, ...................... 54
Reverse Polarity Damage, ........................... 31
RS-232, ............................. 27, 28, 87, 90, 104
RS-422, ..................................... 27, 28, 87, 90
RS-485, ..................................... 27, 28, 87, 90
Runtime, ...................................................... 37
S
SDRAM, ............................... 36, 37, 105, 106
Field Replaceable, .......................................... 77
minimum recommended, ............................. 104
113
Selecting a Location, ................................... 40
serial ports, .......................... 20, 51, 53, 87, 90
Serial Ports, ....................... 26, 27, 28, 52, 104
Standard Model
BIOS, ........................................................... 105
Standards
Documentation, ................................................ 9
ISO Symbols, ................................................... 9
System Parameters, ..................................... 33
T
Technical Support, ...................................... 10
E-mail, ............................................................. 9
Fax, .................................................................. 9
Phone Number, ................................................ 9
Web, ................................................................. 9
Temperature Guidelines, ............................. 41
Testing Specifications, .............................. 109
Touchscreen, ..................... 72, 75, 76, 77, 105
114
Default Settings, .............................................73
Recalibrate, .....................................................74
Training, ...................................................... 10
Troubleshooting, ................................... 10, 94
U
USB Ports, ..................................... 26, 31, 104
V
Video Port, .......................................... 30, 104
W
Warranty, ...................................................... 2
Watchdog Timer, .......................... 32, 35, 106
Weight, ...................................................... 104
Win NT 4.0 Emergency Recovery Disk, ... 16,
58
Windows 2000, ........... 37, 58, 59, 63, 64, 106
Windows 98, ..................... 58, 59, 60, 66, 106
Windows NT, ........ 46, 58, 59, 60, 65, 66, 106
PS/PX/PC Series PowerStation User Guide
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