Kaye Validator®
GE
Sensing & Inspection Technologies
Kaye Validator
®
Guide to thermal validation
and temperature calibration
g
1
The Kaye Validator is a stand-alone thermal validation
system that simplifies the entire validation process by
reducing set-up time, minimizing sensor handling, and
presenting critical study data in easily customized report
formats. The Validator software now incorporates the
latest technology for faster data collection, improved data
management and more flexible reporting and analysis to
save you significant time.
This advanced system is specifically designed to conform
with 21 CFR Part 11 and meet international and European
norms for validation of pharmaceutical, biotechnology and
medical device manufacturing plants.
The Validator also provides precise temperature and
pressure measurement capabilities for saturated steam
environments.
Kaye Validator
Benchmark thermal validation system
Displays online data
and calculations,
set-up parameters
and sensor offsets.
IDs and passwords
are required to start
and stop a process,
check configuration
or calibrate sensors.
Soft keys and
menus provide
versatile operation.
View data, calculations
and messages with
scroll keys.
Connects to your PC
Three connections (RJ11) for a Kaye
Temperature Reference and up to two traceable
Temperature Standards
Connection for a parallel printer for
online printout of raw data
USB drive allows data storage and setup transfer
Contact output for signalling a PLC or other device
USB com port
Universal power (90-240 VAC, 50/60Hz)
2
Regulatory Compliance
Electronic Records, Secure Audit Trail,
and Electronic Signature
The Kaye Validator is specifically designed to enable
compliance with FDA 21 CFR Part 11. All recorded data,
including calibration offsets, set-up parameters, and
administrative tasks are saved in secure, encrypted,
tamper-proof electronic records in a format accessible only
through the system software.
In addition to passwords now being centrally managed in a
network-installed version, users can explicitly set
permissions for each user.
With the network capability, audit trails have been
improved to allow centralized management, searching and
printing of department-wide audit trails from any
connected PC. The sort and find utilities allow system
administrators to perform thorough audits of their validator
users; for example, a list of all failed login attempts within a
specified time period across all networked computers.
There is notification to the user and logged entries in the
audit trail if files are tampered with or deleted from within
Windows Explorer™.
User Account Creation
Three levels of authorization protect access to the
system— assigning users, making changes to tests, or
running tests.
Login Window
Each person has a unique signature, as defined by a user
ID and password. This signature is required for any action
that can affect data—at the Validator or PC—whether you
are in Set-up, calibration or qualification mode.
3
Real-Time Process Monitoring
Monitor and Control Qualification Studies with
the Instrument or the PC
The Kaye Validator can show you the entire qualification
process in real time—whether you run a study using only
the Validator or in conjunction with a PC.
As a stand-alone instrument, the Validator provides
operator flexibility with a menu-driven display and soft
keys. Scrolling through data, calculations, and messages,
you can view real time or historical data. File settings such
as sensor information, calculation definitions, instrument
and SIM status, and summary header information are
available as well.
Define Conditions for Automatic Start and Stop
Now you have more control over starting and stopping
your test. You can start qualification and exposure
automatically based on any calculation, input, or time of
day. You can stop the process using the same criteria plus
elapsed time. Start and stop can also be controlled
manually.
Faster Data Storage Rate and More Choices
You can collect data as fast as one input per second, or at
intervals of 2, 3, 5, 10, 20, 30, and 60 seconds or minutes, or
1, 3, 6, or 12 hours. You can also set the rate for online
printing with a printer connected to the Kaye Validator.
Plug–In Modules Protect
Thermocouples and Simplify
Study Set-Up
A Better Way to Handle Sensors
Three Sensor Input Modules (SIMs), accommodating up to 12
sensors each, including 4/20 mA inputs, can plug into the
Kaye Validator. Each SIM accepts any combination of
thermocouple, voltage or current inputs such as humidity
and pressure transducers. There are no fixed sensor
locations—wire any sensor to any terminal. SIMs have
built-in memory that store calibration offsets. This means
you can store calibrated sensors that are ready to use when
you need them.
The SIM contains connections for wiring sensors and a
precision reference RTD to measure thermocouple junctions.
During sensor calibration, a memory circuit stores the
correction value for each sensor. This feature can save you
time preparing for the next study. It also ensures that
instrument accuracy is maintained.
A secure path for wiring sensors is provided for strain relief
and organization of your probes. The wired SIM shows 10
thermocouples and one pressure sensor (a shunt resistor is
used by the Kaye Validator for converting current to
voltage). You can order SIMs pre-wired with thermocouple
probes, labeled numerically.
The wired SIM is ready to use for either a new calibration or,
if calibrated, for use in a qualification run. Plug-in SIMs let
you handle up to 12 sensors at one time. A shock-resistant
enclosure provides a uniform environment for your
thermocouple junctions. Labels on top and sides let you
write information such as calibration date or serial number
of the Kaye Validator. Built-in memory retains calibration
offsets. A 4/20 mA specific SIM is available for use with
current loop transducers such as pressure, moisture,
humidity, or CO2.
Network Support
The software provides features to satisfy the needs of
growing Validation departments in managing their Kaye
validation systems.
All critical data to a validation, including passwords, audit
trails, qualification, and calibration records can be
automatically stored at a network location defined at
software installation time by a system administrator.
At software installation, the system administrators can
choose to enable network install and can predefine
settings for all their users, such as password database
location, data file locations, and other site options. The user
will then install the software from the network and it will be
automatically configured as per the system administrator’s
selections.
Synchronization is also supported. The user can run the
validation system disconnected from the network and at
the next opportunity the software will automatically update
the network files and database with any changes from the
disconnected session.
System Administration Site Options
Security policies and site options can now be selected and
forced on global network basis.
4
Test Set-Up
Study Set-Up is Intuitive and Versatile
The Kaye Validator was designed to help you get the
data you want from a validation study quickly and easily.
It starts with the Validator software that allows you to
set up and customize sensor calibration, qualification, and
report generation.
The software lets you separate inputs by group with unique
calculations and reports. The use of groups lets you organize
how information is displayed and reported. For example, you
can generate separate reports for distribution and
penetration sensors or qualify multiple chambers at the
same time.
1
Another view lets you easily define group test parameters
including sensor assignments, calculations, comments and
the event to be monitored.
1
2
3
2
3
Interval Calculation screen
Clicking on Statistical Calculations
allows you to select only those you
want to view during the study. Add
more calculations when you’re ready
to generate the final report.
Set up or modify lethality calculations
by defining base temperature, Z, and
D values. Select conditions when you
want to calculate lethality.
Within each group, the Kaye Validator
can report intervals for each sensor
and the group. You establish the
conditions upon which the group
intervals start and end.
You can customize reports right down to header
information and user comments for each group. In
addition, you can enter summary comments that relate to
the entire study.
The Kaye Validator software provides flexibility in other
ways. You can define sensors individually—creating your
own labels and detailed descriptions, or applying an
individual sensor definition to a range of sensors.
Featuring interval calculations and monitored events, the
Kaye Validator provides more information about your
study. You can calculate maximum, minimum and average
for each sensor during the interval.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
SIM 2
Inctmp 11
Inctmp 12
Inctmp 13
Inctmp 14
Inctmp 15
Humidity
Lethality Calculations screen
SIM 1
Inctmp 01
Inctmp 02
Inctmp 03
Inctmp 04
Inctmp 05
Humidity
Inctmp 06
Inctmp 07
Inctmp 08
Inctmp 09
Inctmp 10
Humidity
Statistical Calculations screen
1 2 3 4 5 6
CALCULATIONS
FOR INCUBATOR 1
CALCULATIONS
FOR INCUBATOR 2
CALCULATIONS
FOR INCUBATOR 3
group max
group min
interval max
interval min
humidity
group max
group min
interval max
interval min
humidity
group max
group min
interval max
interval min
humidity
REPORT
FOR INCUBATOR 1
REPORT
FOR INCUBATOR 2
REPORT
FOR INCUBATOR 3
Users can add unlimited cycles, separating qualification
data into separate process phases, and up to 25 groups,
with their own calculations and graphs during reporting,
often eliminating the need for post-processing in Excel®.
5
Post Qualification Reporting
Validator users can for the first time gain access to the
flexible and user-friendly Kaye ValProbe reporting system.
In addition to preserving the existing Validator group and
event structure, users can now add unlimited cycles and up
to 25 groups during the reporting phase.
The set-up screen shows all defined sensors in the set-up.
Clicking the Groups tab lets you select the sensors you want
to include in a particular group.
Cycles are like events—the qualification data is separated
into distinct phases and summary reports can be
generated for each cycle.
You can define each sensor individually, including a
detailed description, or a range of sensors at the same
time.
Reports
The Kaye reporting Software includes an intuitive, yet
powerful reporting utility for generating Set-Up, Calibration,
Qualification and Calibration Verification reports to
document validation study results. Reports are generated
from secure data files that can only be read by the system
software. Upon study completion, process cycles to be
analyzed are defined using the intuitive system graphic
feature.
Features:
• Load set-ups, store study data and upgrade firmware via
USB or Floppy
• Common reporting software for Validator®, ValProbe®
and RF ValProbe® gives added flexibility and convenience
in merging data files from multible Kaye devices.
• Powerful graphing tool during reporting with report
wizard shows all sensors and samples through a
complete study.
• Report wizard allows to selsct lethality calculation also
during reporting. Lethality parameters can be changed.
6
Cycle Headers
The user can generate regulatory-accepted reports
including detailed and summary reports by group and cycle
(interval data). Graph reports have been improved, allowing
more inputs and better access to graph properties such as
colors and data limit lines.
Report templates are automatically created, allowing the
user to reprint an exact copy of the report at a later date,
or save to a template for use in subsequent validation
studies—a significant time savings for system operators.
Merged Reporting
Users have the ability to combine or merge reports from
several Validators or ValProbes, providing the validations
were run concurrently. A typical example would be during a
freeze dryer validation where two Validators are needed, or
if a ValProbe pressure logger is used alongside Validator
temperatures.
For qualification reporting, the software provides more
capability to analyze your study. Using various
selections—calculations, intervals, events, conditions,
elapsed time, specific groups—you can answer questions
about your study that could only be done previously in an
exported spreadsheet application.
Print Options
If you need to perform additional analysis, simply open your
validation file in another application. The original data is
not modified.
Footer Options and User Comments
SOPs require a sign off on validation reports. But SOPs vary
on the number of signatures and the pages. The Kaye
Validator lets you make these selections, as well as where
you want user-entered notes. With the report generator
you can print the information and data from an entire
study, or a smaller report from one of your defined groups.
Validator - Qualification Summary Report
Study Name:
Let calcs Min>120˚C 2sec storage
Printed on 11-Jul-2008 14:51:56 by GE Supervisor
SOP/Protocol #:
Letalitä tA
Temperature Data(C)
Logger S/N
101A-T01
102A-T02
103A-T03
104A-T04
105A-T05
106A-T06
107A-T07
108A-T08
109A-T09
110A-T10
111A-T11
112A-T12
201A-T13
202A-T14
203A-T15
204A-T16
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
(C)
Heating Up
Min
51,13
51,06
51,70
51,28
50,95
51,46
51,26
51,71
51,10
51,76
51,66
52,04
51,18
51,87
51,94
51,33
Max
119,95
120,03
120,35
120,01
119,99
120,40
120,10
120,55
120,09
120,53
120,37
120,70
119,95
120,62
120,41
120,13
Avg
91,66
91,78
92,43
91,91
91,54
92,40
91,94
92,64
91,76
92,63
92,35
92,96
91,72
93,05
92,71
92,09
Exposure
Cycle
ALeth
0,03
0,05
0,11
0,05
0,03
0,11
0,05
0,14
0,05
0,14
0,11
0,17
0,03
0,17
0,11
0,05
Min
120,11
120,18
120,50
120,16
120,15
120,55
120,25
120,63
120,25
120,65
120,51
120,26
120,10
120,46
120,32
120,28
Max
123,44
123,41
123,47
123,29
123,50
123,53
123,42
123,58
123,52
123,58
123,49
123,54
123,31
123,48
123,38
123,34
Avg
122,91
122,89
122,97
122,78
122,98
123,03
122,91
123,08
123,00
123,08
122,98
123,03
122,80
122,97
122,88
122,84
Cooling Down
Cycle
ALeth
8,91
8,86
9,00
8,63
9,04
9,14
8,90
9,25
9,10
9,23
9,03
9,11
8,67
9,00
8,83
8,75
Min
68,27
67,79
66,85
67,60
68,52
66,97
67,72
66,77
68,15
66,65
67,25
66,06
67,99
65,60
66,34
67,29
Max
120,83
120,75
120,38
120,49
120,98
120,51
120,63
120,34
120,87
120,35
120,33
119,95
120,55
120,15
120,01
120,49
Avg
96,92
96,56
95,70
96,27
97,13
95,78
96,41
95,52
96,82
95,51
95,88
94,85
96,53
94,72
95,09
96,03
Totals
Cycle
ALeth
0,06
0,06
0,03
0,03
0,09
0,03
0,06
0,02
0,08
0,03
0,03
0,00
0,03
0,00
0,00
0,03
Total
ALeth
9,00
8,97
9,14
8,71
9,16
9,28
9,01
9,41
9,23
9,40
9,17
9,28
8,73
9,17
8,94
8,83
Temperature Summary Data(C)
Heating Up
10-Jul-2008 15:36:22
Cycle Start
0:07:26
Cycle Duration
Min of Min
50,95
S/N
105A-T05
10-Jul-2008 15:36:22
Time
112A-T12
Max of Max
120,70
S/N
10-Jul-2008 15:43:46
Time
Max Range
69,75
Max Spread/Time
2,40 Time
15:37:38
Min ALeth
0,03
S/N
101A-T01
Max ALeth
0,17
S/N
112A-T12
Avg of Avg
92,22
Performed by:_____________________________________________
Reviewed by:_____________________________________________
Summary report
Exposure
Cooling Down
10-Jul-2008 15:43:48
10-Jul-2008 15:49:36
0:05:48
0:03:24
120,10
S/N
201A-T13
65,60
S/N
202A-T14
10-Jul-2008 15:43:48
10-Jul-2008 15:53:00
123,58
S/N
108A-T08
120,98
S/N
105A-T05
10-Jul-2008 15:45:26
10-Jul-2008 15:49:36
3,48
55,38
0,98 Time
15:49:34
3,11 Time
15:52:06
8,63
S/N
104A-T04
0,00
S/N
112A-T12
9,25
S/N
108A-T08
0,09
S/N
105A-T05
122,95
95,98
Date: ____________
Totals
Study Start
10-Jul-2008 15:36:22
Study End
10-Jul-2008 15:53:00
Duration
0:16:38
8,71
104A-T04
Max ALeth
9,41
S/N
108A-T08
Study Min
50,95
S/N
105A-T05
Study Max
123,58
S/N
108A-T08
Min ALeth
S/N
Date: ____________
7
Graphing
A powerful graphing utility within the system software
greatly simplifies process analysis and reporting. Sliding
vertical axes enable the operator to flag and define
process transition points, eliminating unnecessary
reporting and streamlining the review process. The graph
utility features increased flexibility for graph customization,
including specifying X and Y axis ranges, background
colors, line styles and labeled limit lines.
Set the criteria for a sensor calibration—low, high and check
point for the actual calibration and the points to verify
calibration after a study.
Kaye Validator powerful graphing utility
Sensor Calibration
You save time and eliminate manual methods, of sensor
calibration, which results in better accuracy. By automating
sensor calibration, the system reduces training requirements for your department, and makes the operation
available to the non-metrologist.
Select only the sensors you want to calibrate. Defining a
calibration set lets you calibrate any number of sensors
among all those wired to the system.
8
The PC shows the entire calibration process on one screen.
Data fields change color to show the progress of stability and
deviation for each sensor. A status screen (above, right) lists
each step and indicates where the system is in the process.
Fully Automated Sensor Calibration
Sensor calibration is one of the most difficult and time
consuming tasks associated with validation. The SOPs
in most companies require sensor calibration before the
validation study and a check afterwards to ensure the
integrity and accuracy of collected data.
One Set-Up Screen to Automate Sensor Calibration
You define the set-point criteria of each sensor for
calibration. Calibration can be a three-point procedure,
including a two-point sensor correction and a third
checkpoint.
One screen lets you specify the required calibration points
(low, high, and checkpoint); select the stability criteria that
thermocouples need to meet before they are calibrated;
and specify the deviation criteria to ensure that
out-of-range sensors are not used.
View real time readings, their location and stability during
stand-alone calibration. The display then changes the
stability column to deviation and shows the user when
each sensor meets criteria.
You can control and monitor a calibration from the
Validator or the PC. For example, if an uncalibrated
thermocouple fails if the difference between the traceable
standard and the thermocouple is greater than 1.0°C. A
tighter criteria of 0.5°C is used for calculating the deviation
of calibrated sensors.
Checkpoint Calibration
Verifying sensor calibration, typically at the point of use,
ensures all temperature measurements are within the
deviation criteria.
Post Calibration Verification
After any number of qualification runs, the Kaye Validator
can verify that sensor readings have not changed from
their original calibration. You can define verification to
be any combination of the three points used in calibration.
A software check that all sensors are reading within the
calibration criteria ensures that sensors have not been
damaged during qualification and data is consistent.
Use the display to view the results of a sensor calibration
including offsets stored in SIMs and read by the Kaye Validator.
Calibration verification using additional points can be
automatically triggered from the PC software without
changing or downloading a new setup. The calibration
verification report will then combine the multiple
verifications into a single report.
9
Fast/Accurate References
High Accuracy Referencing
One temperature reference covers the temperature range
for the high and low calibration point used for a typical
validation study. Choose the model that best fits your need
from the chart below.
GE’s temperature calibration equipment is designed
specifically to maximize overall system accuracy.
Calibration equipment includes temperature references
with superior uniformity for sensors, traceable intelligent
RTD standards, and validation software to communicate
with the hardware.
Temperature dry wells employ unique inserts that
minimize cooling of the thermocouple tips due to stem
conduction. Without proper inserts, transfer uncertainty in
excess of 0.5°C can occur with 22 gage, type T
thermocouples. GE units provide an uncertainty of 0.1°C.
Intelligent RTD Standard
The IRTD Temperature Standard (IRTD-400) is a
NIST-traceable instrument that is calibrated over the range
of -195 to 420°C. It is accurate to ±0.025°C over the entire
operating range.
The IRTD-400 is a completely self-contained measurement
system, containing the electronics for calibration and
temperature conversion.
Communicating directly with the Validator software, the
IRTD-400 eliminates the potential for human error, assuring
accurate and traceable measurements.
2 wells for Temperature Standards,
6.7 mm (0.265 in)
Calibrating over a more limited range will also increase
accuracy. Since regulations require calibration for the
temperature range of a process, an autoclave, for example,
can be calibrated from 90 to 125°C. This method reduces
the error from thermocouple characteristics to less than
0.05°C—a two-fold improvement over a calibration at 0°C
and 125°C.
The temperature bath, CTR-80, provides very fast
response (90 minutes from ambient to -80°C) and quiet
operation. Rugged casters allow this unit to be moved with
little effort. A specially designed cover supports two IRTD
standards and all thermocouples from the Kaye Validator.
2 wells for Temperature Standards
Calibration Wells,
9 mm (0.354 in)
without inserts
HTR-400 temperature
block with 10 wells
LTR -25/140
temperature block
with 8 wells
CTR-80 temperature bath with 3 wells for 12
thermocouples from each SIM. Adjustable slides
cover the unused holes and clamp wires in place.
Temperature Reference Selection
HTR 400 Dry Well
50 to 400°C
LTR-140 Dry Well
-40 to 140°C and -25 to 140°C
CTR-80 Bath
-80 to 100°C and -40 to 150°C
Uniformity
±0.05°C
±0.05°C
±0.03°C
Application
Autoclaves, dry heat ovens,
sterilization tunnels
Freezers, cold rooms,
incubators, autoclaves
Freezers, cold rooms,
incubators, autoclave
Range
10
Kaye Validator®
Pressure Transducer
In order to meet the stringent requirements of EN554 and
ISO-17665, it is a requirement that saturated conditions
are also validated along with temperature.
An easy to use, accurate and reliable pressure transducer
is available for the Kaye Validator® System.
Features
• Designed for the harsh environment applications such as
steam sterilizers and SIP systems
• High performance pressure transducer, specified at full
temperature range of autoclave
• Can be directly connected to 1.5 in triclover flange
• Full ISO-17025 traceable calibration over pressure and
temperature range
• East of Use – wires directly to Kaye Validator® with no
additional wiring or power supplies required.
Specifications
Type
Absolute Pressure Transducer
Range
0 bar to 4 bar (59 psia) Absolute
Sensitivity
1V to 5V
Non-linearity & hysteresis
±0.2% combined
Temp. compensated range
110°C – 140°C
Accuracy
10mbar (0.147 psi) at 110°C – 140°C
Calibration
Pressure calibration performed at 23°C and 121°C
Software Support
The Kaye Validator® Report Wizard provides EN554,
HTM2010 and IS-17665 complaint reports.
The user can create:
Stainless Steel Feedthru
Fitting
Feedthru Fitting allows up to 18 thermocouples of any
diameter to be introduced into pressure vessels such as
steam or gas sterilizers, dry heat ovens and lyophilizers.
Made of stainless steel with silicon rubber sealing gaskets,
these TÜV –certified Feedthru is designed with no wiredamaging threads or sharp edges and is easily installed
using standard 1.5 in (38.1mm) tri-clamp and gasket
fittings
• Saturated Pressure and Temperature Graph Reports
utilizing temperature and pressure actual data along
side calculate saturated readings
• Automatic equilibration pass/fail determination
• Automatic Tb, Tb+3 limit determination based on
temperature versus saturate temperature, or pressure
versus saturated pressure
11
System Documentation
Quality Control Documents
GE’s quality policy, the ISO 9001 implementation and
certificate, and document control standard operating
procedures (SOPs)
Development Procedures
Design control and project management SOPs, and
functional specifications
Quality Assurance Procedures
Test plan and test case procedures
Release Documents
Quality assurance certification and product release notices
Quality Assurance Test Documentation
Quality assurance test plan and test cases
IQ/OQ Protocol
The Installation Qualification/Operational Qualification
Protocol defines a set of procedures to ensure that the
Kaye Validator system is properly installed and operated
according to GE recommendations, and is adequately
documented and controlled according to cGMP
requirements. The documents are provided in hard copy
and on CD, allowing users to modify the documentation to
suit specific organizational requirements.
12
The IQ/OQ Protocol includes the following:
• Installation Qualification document
• Operational Qualification document
• Standard Operating Procedures document
• Set-up programs
Validation Reference
The Kaye Validator system is supported with
documentation that verifies a fully validated system,
including software, hardware and firmware. The Validation
Reference Binder provides a comprehensive overview of
the GE Quality Policy, description of ISO 9001
implementation and support procedures, and standards for
the development, testing, and maintenance of hardware
and software. Quality Control documents, Development
procedures, Quality Assurance procedures, Release
documents, and Quality Assurance test documentation are
all included.
The Validation Reference is a serialized document,
ensuring that registered users automatically receive
notification and updates to keep documentation current.
The result is a summary of information you would obtain
by conducting an audit at GE’s facility—complete, well
organized, neatly packaged, and immediately accessible.
System Specifications
Voltage Input Accuracy
30 days: ±(0.003% of reading + 2 counts + 4
microvolts)
1 year: ±(0.006% of reading + 2 counts + 4
microvolts)
When you use specifications to compare equipment, be
sure to establish an error budget that accounts for all
possible measurement uncertainty. Sensor calibration is an
integral part of validation, and total system accuracy
should include potential error from the recorder, as well as
the temperature reference and traceable standard.
Sensitivity
0.5 microvolts/count on most sensitive range
Voltage Temp. Coef.
±(0.1 microvolts + 0.001% reading)/°C
Compensator Temp. Coef.
±0.01°C per °C
Input Ranges
-6 to 30mV, -60 to 300mV, -2 to 10V
Since all component errors are additive to the total system,
every potential error is significant. A summary of the error
budget for a GE validation system after sensor calibration
with type T thermocouples, used at steam and dry heat, is
listed below. These specifications are guaranteed under
worst case conditions. Under typical operating conditions,
you can expect significantly better accuracy.
Environmental
Temperature: 0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F)
Relative humidity: 95% non-condensing
Total System Specifications
Kaye Validator (resolution and short term stability)
0.017°C
k=1
IRTD Temperature Standard
0.01°C
k=1
Temperature Reference
0.051°C
k=1
Input Terminal Temperature 0.1°C
Non-uniformity
Power
90 to 250 VAC, 50/60 Hz
Fuse Rating
2A Slo Blo
Size
191 H x 343 W x 343 mm D (404 mm with SIM)
7.5 in H x 13.5 in W x 13.5 in D (15.9 in with SIM)
Weight
9 kg (20 lbs)
Temperature Measurement Standard (IRTD)
Specifications
IRTD-400
Temperature Range
Total System Uncertainty
0.078°C
k=1
Accuracy Over Range 0.025°C
Resolution
Up to 36
Thermocouples
Type T, J, K: 0.1°C or F resolution; T limited
range 0.01°C resolution
Scanning Speed
8 or 12 inputs/sec at 50/60 Hz
Internal Memory
2 Mb for data collection
Internal Battery
NiCad; 30 minutes of battery backup
Input Impedance
10KΩ. Source greater than 10KΩ produces
open circuit indication
Common Mode
Rejection
160 db (8 inputs/sec) @ line frequency
145 db (12 inputs/sec) @ line frequency
140 db @ DC
Max. Common
Mode Voltage
100V pk ch-to-ch
350V pk ch-to ch to frame ground
Normal Mode
Rejection
82 db @ 60 Hz (8 inputs/sec)
69 db @ 60 Hz (12 inputs/sec)
Voltage Input
0 to 10 VDC
Resolution
1:72,000
0.001°C
Sensor Element
100 Ω platinum sensor
Sheath Material
Inconel 600
Immersion Depth
102 mm (4 in)
Calibration2
Traceable to NIST; recommended calibration period
is one year.
Power to Probe
Unregulated DC, 10 to 25V; first probe: 850 mW at
15V; each additional probe: 550 mW
Power Supply3
Adapter: 110 VAC US-style, or 220 VAC
VDE-approved
Measurement Rate
30 readings per second
Software
IRTDWin™ software for offline use to compare IRTD
probes
Environmental
Ambient temperature range: 0 to 60°C (32 to 140°F);
humidity 0 to 95% non-condensing
Dimensions
Overall length: 603 mm (23.75 in); grip: 89 mm x 32 mm
(3.5 in x 1.25 in) sensor sheath: 457 mm x 6.35 mm
(18 in x 0.25 in)
Kaye Validator Specifications
Analog Input
-195 to 420°C
1
Notes: 1. Accurate for one year, from 0 to 60°C ambient. Includes calibration
certificate with traceability to NIST.
2. GE provides a recertification service for calibrating the Temperature
Standard.
3. Power supply is not required for use with the Kaye Validator
system.
13
Cryo Temperature Bath Specifications
CTR -80
CTR -40
Temperature Range
-40 to 150°C
Temperature Range
-80 to 100°C
Temperature Stability
±0.005°C to -40°C (ethanol)
±0.005°C to 25°C (eau)
±0.007°C to 150°C (huile 5012)
Temperature Stability
±0.03°C
Temperature Uniformity
±0.03°C
Bath Volume
1 US gallon ethanol or Halocarbon 0.8 oil
(-90 to 70°C) (order ethanol locally,
order oil from GE)
Temperature Uniformity
±0.01°C
Bath Volume
9 liters
Immersion Depth
234 mm (9.25 in)
Immersion Depth
203 mm (8 in) max.
Access Area
94 mm x 172 mm (3.7 in x 6.8 in)
Access Area
108 mm2 (18 sq in), cover removed
Depth
234 mm (9.25 in)
Depth
457 mm (18 in)
Heater Power
700 watts
Heater Power
500 watts
Cooling Rate 25 to -40°C
110 minutes, typical with ethanol
Cooling Rate 25 to -80°C
90 minutes, typical with ethanol
Resolution
0.01°C
Resolution
0.01°C
Setting Repeatability
±0.01°C
Setting Repeatability
±0.01°C
Temperature Controller
24-bit digital
Temperature Controller
24-bit digital
Display
LED w/0.01 (Cº or Fº) display resolution
Display
LED w/0.01 (Cº or Fº) display resolution
Communications
RS-232
Ramp Rate Control
0.1°C per minute to capacity of bath
Over temperature limits, user settable;
low voltage cutout; automatic
refrigeration turn-off at 55°C
Communications
RS-232 (for use with thermal validation)
Safety
Over temperature limits, user settable;
low voltage cutout; automatic
refrigeration turn-off at 30°C
Refrigeration
Cascade using two-1/4 HP compressors;
refrigerant first stage: R507;
second stage: R508B
Drain
Yes
Safety
Refrigeration
R-507 single stage
Drain
Yes
Controls
Power switch; setpoint and function buttons
Power
115VAC 60Hz, 16A or 230VAC 50Hz,
8A 1700 watts
Controls
Power switch; setpoint and function buttons
Power
115 VAC 60Hz, 16 A; or 230 VAC 50Hz, 8 A
On Cart: 819 mm H x 305 mm W x 622 mm D
(32.25 in x 12 in x 24.5 in)
Dimensions
762 mm H x 305 mm W x 610 mm D
(30 in x 12 in x 24 in)
Weight
32 kg (78 lbs)
Weight
57 kg (125 lbs) on casters
Certificate
Conformance certificate provided with unit.
Certificate
Conformance certificate provided with unit
Dimensions
14
Off Cart: 584 mm H x 305 mm W x 622 mm D
(23 in x 12 in x 24.5 in)
HTR 400
LTR –25/140
LTR –40/140
Temperature Range
25°C above ambient to 400°C
–25°C to 140°C
–40°C to 140°C
Ambient Operating Range
5°C to 50°C
5°C to 50°C
5°C to 50°C
Set-Point Accuracy
0.2°C to 300°C
0.3°C to 400°C
0.2°C
0.2°C
Temperature Stability
0.02°C to 300°C
0.05°C to 400°C
0.02°C
0.02°C
Transfer Calibration Accuracy*
50°C to 150°C: ±0.1°C
–25°C to 80°C: ±0.1°C
–40°C to –25°C: ±0.15°C
IRTD Standard to Thermocouples 50°C to 250°C: ±0.2°C
250°C to 350°C: ±0.3°C
350°C to 400°C: ±0.4°C
80°C to 130°C: ±0.15°C
130°C to 140°C: ±0.18°C
–25°C to 80°C: ±0.1°C
80°C to 130°C: ±0.15°C
130°C to 140°C: ±0.18°C
Typical Heat-Up Time
Ambient to 90°C: 5 minutes
90°C to 125°C: 3 minutes
350°C: 25 minutes
Ambient to 80°C: 6 minutes
Ambient to 140°C: 14 minutes
Ambient to 80°C: 6 minutes
Ambient to 140°C: 14 minutes
Well Configuration
Reference wells (2): 6.7 mm diameter x
x 127 mm deep
Calibration wells (8): 9 mm diameter x
155 mm) deep
Reference wells (2): 6.7 mm diameter x
155 mm deep
Calibration wells (6): 9 mm diameter x
155 mm) deep
Reference wells (2): 6.7 mm diameter x
155 mm deep
Calibration wells (6): 9 mm diameter x
155 mm) deep
Display
LED w/0.01°C resolution
LED w/0.01°C resolution
LED w/0.01°C resolution
Computer Interface
RS232
RS232
RS232
Dimensions
343 mm x 198 mmx 317.5 mm
343 mm x 198 mmx 317.5 mm
343 mm x 198 mmx 317.5 mm
Weight
8.2 kg
13.6 kg
13.6 kg
Power
115 VAC 60 Hz, 6 A or 230 VAC
50 Hz, 3 A 700 watts
115 VAC 60 Hz, 3 A or 230 VAC
50 Hz, 1.5 A 350 watts
115 VAC 60 Hz, 3 Aor 230 VAC
50 Hz, 1.5 A 350 watts
Fault Protection
Sensor burnout protection, over
temperature thermal cutout,
electrical fuse
Sensor burnout protection, over
temperature thermal cutout
electrical fuse
Sensor burnout protection, over
temperature thermal cutout
electrical fuse
* Transfer calibration accuracy is the difference between the thermocouple tip and the sensor of the IRTD temperature standard. This accuracy includes well to well
uniformity.
15
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BR-146A
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