Page 1 HP 8656/57 Series Economical Synthesized Signal

Page 1 HP 8656/57 Series Economical Synthesized Signal
 KB Pacino
HP 8656/57 Series
Economical Synthesized
Signal Generators
Analog and Digital Modulation
Technical Data
HP 8656/57 Series
Synthesized Signal
Generators
The HP 8656/57 series is
designed to meet the testing
needs of the communication
industry. Test AM, FM, and
Ш pulsed receivers as well as
+ components. Use it in R&D,
manufacturing, and support.
in the family, all offering
exceptional analog modulation,
good spectral purity, and superb
output level performance.
HP 8657D
The HP 8657D adds 7/4 DQPSK
modulation. Test radios
designed for the North
American Digital Cellular Radio
System and Japanese Digital
Cellular System.
HP 8656B, 8657A/B,
8657D, 8657A/B Opt 022
HP 8657A/B Option 022
For European digital
communication systems, the
HP 8657A/B Option 022
generates 0.3 Gaussian
Minimum Shift Keying (0.3
GMSK). Test receivers designed
for the GSM Pan-European
Digital Cellular Radio System —
and the PCN European
Personal Communications
Network.
e Choice is Yours
т o HP 8656B
* 100 kHz to 990 MHz
* АМ & FM
* 25 watts RPP
Lowest cost of family
In-channel performance
ls sima | м * 100 kHz to 1040 MHz
* АМ & FM
* Low S5P phase noise
* Electronic attenuator for ATE
* Levels to -143.5 dBm
* 50 watts RPP
* In-channel and out-of-channel
performance
HP 8657B
* 100 kHz to 2060 MHz
* AM, FM, & pulse (option)
* Low SSB Phase Noise
* Levels to -143.5 dBm
* 50 watts RPP
* 1 Hz Frequency resolution
* In-channel and out-of-channel
performance
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* 100 kHz to 1030 MHz AM & FM
* 1/4 DQPSK for NADC and JDC
10 to 129.9 MHz
810 to 955 MHz
1420 to 1540 MHz data inverted
* Pulse modulation
* <4% error vector magnitude
HP 8657A Option 022
* 100 kHz to 1040 MHz AM & FM
* 0.3 GMSK for GSM
520 to 1040 MHz
10 to 130 MHz data inverted
* <3* rms phase error
HP 8657B Option 022
« 100 kHz to 2060 MHz AM & FM
* 0.3 GMSK for GSM and PCN
520 to 2060 MHz
10 to 130 MHz data inverted
» Optional pulse modulation
* <3.5° rms phase error
* Baseband 1/Q outputs
HP 86568
specifications
SPECIFICATIONS describe the instruments warranted
performance and apply after a 30 minute warm-up. All
SPECIFICATIONS are valid over the signal generator’s entire
Operating/Environmental Range unless otherwise noted.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS (shown in italics) are
intended to provide additional information useful in applying
the instrument by giving typical (expected), but not warranted
performance,
FREQUENCY
Range (8-digit LED display): 100 kHz to 990 MHz.
Resolution: 10 Hz.
Switching Speed (to be within 100 Hz of carrier
frequency}; <35 ms. (25ms typical at 25°C)
Accuracy and Stability: Same as timebase used.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
\ Frequency Underrange: 10 kHz with uncalibrated
output.
Phase Offset: Output phase is adjustable via HP-IB,
or from the front panel in 1 degree increments.
Timebase Characteristics:
Standard Option 001
Aging Rate 12 ppm / year | 1.5x 105 / day
(after 10 days warm-up)
1,0 х 107 parts / day
fafter 180 days warm-up)
Temperature +10 ppm 7x10
(0-56°C)
Line Voltage 2x 10% (+5%, ~10%)
Frequency 50 MHz 10 MHZ
Timebase Available at a level of > 0.15 Y into
Reference 50 Q (Quiput of 10, 5, or 1 MHz 15
Signal selectable via internal jumper). If the
(Rear Panel} Option 001 or another external
reference Is used, only that reference
frequency is available as an output.
External Accepts any 10, 5, or 1 MHz {+ 0.002%)
Reference frequency standard at a level > 0.15 Y —.
Input Into DO 52
(Rear Panel)
SPECTRAL PURITY
Spurious Signals (< +7 dBm output levels):
Harmonic: < -30 dBe
Sub-harmonic: None.
Non-Harmonic: < —60 dBc (> 5 kHz from carrier in
CW mode)
Residual FM (in CW mode):
Frequency Post Detection BW (rms detector)
Range 300 Hz to 3 kHz 50 Hz to
15 kHz
0.1 - 123.5 MHz < 7 Hz {typ <2 Hz) < 15 Hz
123.5 - 247 MHz | < 2 Hz (typ <0.5 Hz) < 4 Hz
247 - 494 MHz < 4 Hz {typ <1 Hz} < 8 Hz
494 - 990 MHz < 7 Hz (typ <1 Hz} < 15 Hz
Residual AM (50 Hz to 15 kHz post-detection
noise bandwidth, in CW mode): < 0.02% AM SSB
Phase Noise (in CW Mode):
Carrier SSB ¢-Noise
Frequency 20 kHz offset
0.1 to123.5 MHz < —114 dBe/Hz
123.5 to 247 MHz < —126 dBe/Hz
24710 494 МН: < -120 dBe/Hz
494 to 990 MHz <-114 dBe/Hz
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Typical SSB Phase Noise at 500 MHz
HF 265668 FSH PHASE MCISE AT 538 MHZ
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OUTPUT
Level Range (3 1/2-digit LED display): +13 dBm to
-127 dBm into 50Q.
Resolution: 0.1 dB.
Absolute Level Accuracy:"P=*
< +1.0 dB (123.5 to 990 MHz, +7 to -124 dBm},
< +1.5 dB (0.1 to 123.5 MHz, and <-124 dBm
or > +7 dBm at 0.1 to 990 MHz.
Level Flatness (100 kHz to 9950 MHz}: < 1.0 dB,
output level setting of 0 dBm.
SWR : < 2.0 for levels >-5 dBm.
< 1.5 for levels £-5 dBm.
Reverse-Power Protection: Protects the signal
generator from applications of up to 25 watts of
RF power (from a 500 source) to 990 MHz into
generator output; DC voltage cannot exceed 25 Y.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Impedance: 50 2 Nominal.
Typical Output Level Overrange:
FREQUENCY MODULATION
Maximum FM Peak Deviation (Af ):*?#
Center
Frequency
0.1 to123.5 MHz | 99 kHz or 4000 x rate (Hz)
123.5 to 247 MHz| 50 kHz or 1000 x rate (Hz)
247 to 494 MHz | 99 kHz or 2000 x rate {Hz}
494 to 990 MHz | 99 kHz or 4000 x rate (Hz)
Maximum Peak Deviation
AC Mode (the lesser of) | DC Mode
99 kHz
50 kHz
99 kHz
99 kHz
FM not specified for f, - (Af |} <100 kHz
Resolution: 100 Hz for deviations less than 10 kHz;
1 kHz for deviations > 10 kHz.
FM Rate,
Internal: 400 Hz and 1 kHz, 3%.
External: de/5 kHz, to 100 kHz,3 dB bandwidth
de/20 Hz to 50 kHz, 1 dB bandwidth
Typical Maximum Output Power YS Frequency
(Outpul Set io +17 dBm}
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AMPLITUDE MODULATION
AM Depth(2-digit LED display):*s%
0 to 99%, levels of < +7 dBm
0 to 30%, levels to < +10 dBm
Resolution: 1%.
AM Rate,
Internal; 400 Hz and 1 kHz, + 3%.
External: 20 Hz to 40 kHz (1 dB bandwidth,
AC coupled}
AM Distortion (internal rates):
0 to 30 % AM < 1.5%.
31 to 70 % AM < 3.0%.
71 to 90 % AM < 4.0% .
Indicator Accuracy (for depths < 90%, and
internal rates and levels < +7 dBm)*?":
< + (2% 34% of setting).
Incidental Phase Modulation (at 30% AM depth,
internal rates): < 0.3 radians peak.
Center Frequency Accuracy in de Mode:
Carrier Center Frequency
Frequency Accuracy
0.1 to 1235 MHz + 500 Hz
123.5 to 247 MHz +125 Hz
247 to 454 MHz + 250 Hz
494 to 990 MHz + 500 Hz
Center Frequency Stability in dec Mode:
<10 Hz per hour drift (typ < 3 Hz per hour).
FM Distortion (at internal rates and > 3 kHz peak
deviations):*
< 0.5% THD plus noise
Indicator Accuracy (internal rates):
< +5% of setting.
Incidental AM (peak deviations <20 kHz, inter-
nal rates): < 0.1% ( f. > 500 kHz)
< 1% ( f= 200 to 5300 kHz)
< 5% (Е < 200 kHz)
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
External Sensitivity: 1 volt peak for indicated
accuracy for ac signals or 1 volt de when in de-FM
mode.
External Modulation Input: Front panel BNC,
6007 de-coupled; front panel annunciators
indicate application of 1 Y peak signal + 5%.
Modulating Signal Qutput: Internal modulating
signal is provided at the front panel BNC connector
at nominally 1 volt peak into a 600 £2 resistive
foad.
Simultaneous Modulation:
Internal! External: AM/FM, FM/AM, AM/AM,
FM/FM,
Internal/Internal. External / External: AM/FM.
HP 8656B
specifications
REMOTE PROGRAMMING
Interface: HP-IB (Hewlett-Packard's implementation
of IEEE Standard 488 (and the identical ANSI
Standard MC1.1).
Interface Functions Implemented: SHO, AH, TG,
L2, SRO, RL1, PPO, DC1, DTO, CO, El.
Functions Controlled: All functions controlled from
=
the front panel with the exception of DISPLAY,
DISPLAY in conjunction with SEQ, display
Amplitude Offset, Backspace, COARSE TUNE,
FINE TUNE, and display HP-IB ADRS are
programmable with the same accuracy and
resolution as in local operation.
GENERAL
Operating Temperature Range: 0 to +55°C,
Storage Temperature Range: —40 to +71°C.
Leakage: Conducted and radiated interference is
within the requirements of RE02 of MIL STD
461B and FTZ 1115. Furthermore, RF leakage of
less than 1.0 pV is induced in a two-turn loop, 2.5
cm in diameter, held 2.5 em away from the front
surface.
Save/Recall/Sequence Storage Registers:
100 non-volatile registers are available to save
front panel settings.
Power Requirements: 100 or 120 or 220 or 240 volts
(+5%, -10%) from 48 to 440 Hz; 125 YA maximum.
Weight: Net 18.1 kg (40 1b); shipping 23.6 kg (52 Ib).
Dimensions: 1 33H x 425W x 520D mm
(56.25 x 16.75 x 20.5 inches.)
HP System IT module size: 5 1/4H x 1MW x17 D.
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Absolute level accuracy includes allowances for detector linearity, temperature, flatness, attenuator accuracy and measurement
uncertainty.
AM depth is further limited by Indicator Accuracy specification.
FM depth is further limited by Indicator Accuracy specifications.
FM distortion only applies for deviations up to 25 kHz for 123.5 < { «247 MHz, and 50 kHz for 247 < Г. «494 MHz. Typical
total FM distortion (harmonic and non-harmonic) is less than 1.5% for all specified deviations and external rates from de to
100 kHz.
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HP 8657A
specifications
SPECIFICATIONS describe the instruments warranted
performance and apply after a 30 minute warm-up. All
SPECIFICATIONS are valid over the signal generator's entire
Operating/Environmental Range unless otherwise noted.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS (shown in italics) are
intended to provide additional information useful in applying
the instrument by giving typical (expected), but not warranted
performance.
FREQUENCY
Range (8-digit LED display): 100 kHz to 1040 MHz.
Resolution: 10 Hz.
Display Resolution:
10 Hz for frequencies < 1000 MHz
100 Hz for frequencies = 1000 MHz
Switching Speed (to be within 100 Hz of carrier
frequency): <35 ms. (30 ms typical at 25°C)
Accuracy and Stability: Same as time base used.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Frequency Underrange: To 10 kHz with
uncalibrated output and modulation.
Phase Offset: Output signal phase is adjustable in 1
degree nominal increments.
Timebase Characteristics:
Non-Harmonic (CW mode):
Frequency Offset from Carrier
Range
5kHz to 2MHz | > 2 MHz
9.1 - 130 МНЕ <-60 4Вс <-60 dBc
130 - 260 MHz <-72 dBe <-60 dBe
260 - 520 MHz <-66 dBc <-60 dBe
520 - 1040 MHz <—60 dBc <-60 аВс
Residual FM (in CW mode);
Frequency Post Detection BW (rms detector)
Range 50 Bz to
300 Hz to 3kHz 15 kHz
0.1 - 130 MHz <4 Hz (typ « 2 Hz} < 6 Hz
130 - 260 MHz < 1 Hz ftyp < 0.5 Hz) < 1.5 Hz
260 - 520 MHz < 2 Hz (typ < 1 Hz) < 3 Hz
520 - 1040 MHz < 4 Hz (typ < 1 Hz) < 6 Hz
Residual AM (50 Hz to 15 kHz post-detection
noise bandwidth, in CW mode): <0.04% AM,
SSB Phase Noise (in CW Mode):
Carrier SSB ¢-Noise
Frequency 20 kHz offset
0.1 to 130 MHz < -124 dBe/Hz
130 to 260 MHz < —136 dBe/Hz
260 to 520 MHz < 130 dBe'Hz
520 to 1040 MHz < —124 dBe'Hz
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Typical SSB Phase Noise at 500 MHz
Standard Option 001
Aging Rate +2 ppm {year | 1.5 x 10% parts | day
(after 10 davs warm-up)
1.0x 10% parts [day
(after 180 days warm-up)
Temperature +10 ppm 7 x10°
(0-55"C)
Line Voltage — 2x 107° (+5%, -10%)
Frequency 50 MHz 10 MHz
Timebase Available at a level of 0.15 V into
Reference 50 Q (Output of 10, 5, or 1 MHz is
Signal selectable via internal jumper). If
{Rear Panel) external reference is used, output will
be the same frequency.
External Accepts any 10, &, or 1 MHz (+0.002%)
Reference frequency standard at a level
Input >0.15 Y into 50 2.
(Rear Panel)
SPECTRAL PURITY
Spurious Signals (£+7 dBm output levels):
Harmonic: <- 30 dBc.
Sub-harmonic: None.
Typical HP 8657A $58 Phaze-FHoiza at So MHZ
168
= 178
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HP 8657A
specifications
OUTPUT
Level Range (3 1/2-digit LED display): +13 dBm to
-143.5 dBm into 50Q, +10 dBm to -143.5 dBm
for frequencies from 100 kHz to 1 MHz.
Resolution: 0.1 dB.
Absolute Level Accuracy:"re
< +1.0 dB (+7 to -127 dBm),
< 11.5 dB ( >+7 dBm).
Level Flatness (100 kHz to 1040 MHz): +0.5 dB,
output level setting of 0 dBm.
SWR. (f_>400 kHz): <1.5 for levels <— 3.5 dBm.
<2.0 for levels <+13 dBm.
Reverse-Power Protection: Protects the signal
generator from applications of up to 50 watts of
RF power (from a 500 source) to 1040 MHz into
generator output; DC voltage cannot exceed 50 V,
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Impedance: 50 2 Nominal.
Absolute level Accuracy:
< +1.5 dB, output levels <— 127 dBm.
< + 0.5dB, 25°C 10°C, +7 to -127 dBm.
Typical Output Level QOverrage:
FREQUENCY MODULATION
Maximum FM Peak Deviation (2-digit LED
display):
Typical Maximum Qutput Power YS Freguency
Seto +17
Maximum Specified Owipul Power
Outpui Power {dBm}
=
0 250 400 Lor 200 1600
Carrler Frequency (MHz)
AMPLITUDE MODULATION
- AM Depth (2-digit LED display)"
0 to 99%, level < +7 dBm, f = 400 kHz,*re*
0 to 30%, level < +10 dBm, f > 400 kHz."
Resolution: 1%.
AM Rate,
Internal: 400 Hz and 1 kHz, + 2%.
External: 20 Hz to 40 kHz
(1 dB bandwidth, AC coupled)
AM Distortion (internal rates, level < +7 dBm):
0 to 30 % AM < 1.5% THD plus noise.
31 to 70 % AM < 3.0% THD plus noise.
71 to 90 % AM < 4.0% THD plus noise.
Indicator Accuracy (for depths < 90% and
internal rates and levels < +7 dBm):
< +(2% +6% of setting).
Incidental Phase Modulation (at 30% AM depth,
internal rates): < 0.3 radians peak.
Center Maximum Peak Deviation
Frequency AC Mode (the lesser of) DCMode
0.1to 130 MHz | 99 kHz or 4000 xrate (Hz) | 99 kHz
130 to 260 MHz | 50 kHz or 1000 x rate (Hz) | 50 kHz
260 to 520 MHz | 99 kHz or 2000 x rate (Hz) | 99 kHz
520 to 1040 MHz | 99 kHz or 4000 x rate (Hz) | 99 kHz
FM not specified for f — (Af |) <100 kHz
Resolution: 100 Hz for deviations less than 10 kHz;
1 kHz for deviations = 10 kHz.
FM Rate,
Internal: 400 Hz and 1 kHz, +2%.
External:
de/5 Hz to 100 kHz, 3 dB bandwidth
de20 Hz to 50 kHz, 1 dB bandwidth
Center Frequency Accuracy in dc Mode:
Carrier Center Frequency
Frequency Accuracy
0.1 to150 MHz + 500 Hz
130 to 260 MHz +125 Hz
260 to 520 MHz + 250 Hz
520 to 1040 MHz + 500 Hz
Center Frequency Stability in de Mode: <10 Hz
per hour drift (typ <3 Hz per Hour).
FM Distortion (at internal rates and > 3 kHz peak
deviations):'*? <0.5% THD plus noise.
Indicator Accuracy (internal rates):
< +5% of setting.
Incidental AM (peak deviations <20 kHz,
internal rates and f_ > 500 kHz): <0.1% AM
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
External Sensitivity: 1 volt peak for indicated
accuracy (1 voit de when in de-FM mode).
External Modulation Input: Front panel BNC,
600 © de-coupled; front panel annunciators
indicate application of 1 V peak signal + 5%.
Modulating Signal Output: Internal modulating
signal is provided at the front panel BNC connector
at nominally 1 velt peak into a 600 Q resistive
load.
Simultaneous Modulation:
Internal | External: AM/FM, FMAM, AMI AM,
FM FM
Internal / Internal, External { External: AM/FM.
REMOTE PROGRAMMING
Interface: HP-IB (Hewlett-Packard's implementation
of IEEE Standard 488).
Interface Functions Implemented: SHO, AHI, TO,
L2, SRO, RL1, PPO, DC1, DTO, CO, El.
En EE Sa at
Ч а se LE à
uncertainty.
GENERAL
Operating Temperature Range: 0 to +55°C.
Storage Temperature Range: -40 to +71°C.
Leakage: Conducted and radiated interference is
within the requirements of RE02 of MIL STD
461 В and FTZ 1046. Furthermore, RF leakage of
less than 1.0 pV is induced in a two-turn loop, 2.5
em in diameter, held 2,5 cm away from the front
surface.
SaveRecall/Sequence Storage Registers:
100 non-volatile registers are available to save
front panel settings.
Power Requirements: 100 or 120 or 220 or 240 volts
(+5%, 10%) from 48 to 440 Hz; 175 VA maximum.
Weight: Net 18.2 kg (40 Ib); shipping 23.6 kg (52 1b).
Dimensions: 133H x 425W x 520D mm
(5.25 x 16.75 x 20.5 inches.)
HP System II module size: 5 1/4H x IMW x 17 D.
Absolute level accuracy includes allowances for detector linearity, temperature, flatness, attenuator accuracy and measurement
2 AM depth and FM deviation are further limited by Indicator Accuracy specifications.
3 For f < 400 kHz, AM depths of 0 to 30%, levels < +7 dBm.
FM distortion only specified for deviations up to 25 kHz for 130 < f <260 MHz, and for 260 < f <520 MHz. Typical total FMdist
(harmonic and non-harmonic) is less than 1.5% for all deviations and rates from dc to 100 kHz.
HP 8657B
specifications
SPECIFICATIONS describe the instruments warranted
performance and apply after a 30 minute warm-up. All
SPECIFICATIONS are valid over the signal generator's entire
Operating/Environmental Range unless otherwise noted.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS (shown in italics) are
intended to provide additional information useful in applying
the instrument by giving typical (expected), but not warranted
performance.
FREQUENCY
Range (10-digit LED display):
100 kHz to 2060 MHz.
Resolution: 1 Hz.
Switching Speed (to be within 1 dB of level and
within 100 Hz of carrier frequency):
«35 ms.” P82 (30 ms typical at 25°C)
Accuracy and Stability: Same as timebase used.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Frequency Underrange: To 10 kHz with
uncalibrated output and modulation.
Phase Offset: Output signal phase is adjustable in 1
degree increments.
Timebase Characteristics:
Standard Option 001
Aging Rate +2 ppm fyear | 1.0 x 107 [day after 45
days
Temperature +10 ppm 7 x10
(0-55 C)
Line Voltage — 2х 103(+5%,-10%)
Frequency 50 MHz 10 MHz
Timebase Available at a level of >0.15 Y — into
Reference 50 (Output of 10, 5, or I MHz is
Signal selectable vig internal jumper). If an
{Rear Panel) external reference is used, output will
be the same frequency.
External Accepts any 10, 5, or | MHz (£0.002%)
Reference frequency standard at a level >0.16 Y.
Input info 50 £2
(Rear Panel)
SPECTRAL PURITY
Spurious Signals (<+7 dBm output levels)! pe?
Type of Spurious Frequency (MHz)
0.1-1030 1030-1800 | 1800-2060
Harmonic <- 30 dBe | <-25dBce | <-25 dBe
Sub-harmonic | None | «— 40 а4Все | «— 365 dBe |
Nonharmonic Spurious:
Carrier Offset
Carrier Frequency | >5 kHz (Typical) >2 MHz
0.1 to 150 <- 63 dEc <— 60 dBc
130 to 260 <- 75 dBe <— 60 dBc
260 to 520 <- 66 dBe «— 60 dBc
520 to 1030 <~ 63 dBc <— 60 dBe
1030 to 2060 <- 57 dBe <— 54 dBe
Residual FM in Hz rms (in CW mode):
Post Frequency Range (MHz)
Detection
Bandwidth {1- 130- 260- 520- 1040-
130 260 520 1040 2060
0.3 - 3 kHz <4 Hz | «1 Hz <2Hz |<3 Hz <6 Hz
0.05 - 15 kHz <6 Hz | <1.5 Hz | <3 Hz |<4H:z «8 Hz
Typical Residual FM:
0.3 - 3 kHz 2 Hz |<0.5 Hz | <0,5 Hz |<1 Hz <2 Hz
0.3 - 3 kHz (CCITTH <1.25 Hd <0 25 Hz| <0.25 Hz|<0.5 Hz | <1.û0 Hz
0.05 - 15 kHz <3 Hz |<1 Hz <1 Hz f<1.5 Hz | <3 Hz
Residual AM (50 Hz to 15 kHz post-detection
noise bandwidth, in CW mode): <0.04% AM.
SSB Phase Noise (in CW Mode):
Carrier SSB ¢-Noise Typical
Frequency 20 kHz offset | 20 kHz offset
0.1 to 130 MHz «—124 dBe/Hz | <- 130 dBc/ Hz
130 to 260 MHz <—136 dBe/Hz | <- 140 dBc/ Hz
260 to 520 MHz <—130 dBe/Hz | <- 136 dBc / Hz
520 to 1040 MHz <—124 dBe/Hz | <- 130 dBc/ Hz
1040 to 2060 MHz <—118dBe/Hz | <— 123 dBc/ Hz
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Typical SSB Phase Noise at 500 MHz
355 Phase Hole of HP 86578 Carder Frequency: 500 MHz
1 10 100 1K 10K 100€ 1M 104 40M
UP) [BCE] ve [Hz]
OUTPUT
Level Range (3 1/2-digit LED display): +13 dBm
to —143.5 dBm into 50€..>rel:
Resolution: 0.1 dB.
Absolute Level Accuracy:""*
…< +1.0 dB (+3.5 to —127 dBm),
< +1.5 dB (level >+3.5 dBm).
Level Flatness (100 kHz to 2060 MHz):
+0.5 dB, output level setting of 0 dBm.
Reverse-Power Protection: Protects the signal
generator from applications of up to 50 watts of
RF power (from a 50Q source) to 2060 MHz into
generator output; DC voltage cannot exceed 25 V.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Attenuator Repeatability: 0.01 dB
Impedance: 50 © Nominal.
Absolute level Accuracy: 1.5 dB, output levels
< -127 dBm.
SWR: <1.5 for levels <= 6.5 dBm.
<2.0 for levels <+13 dBm.
Typical Output Level Overrange:
Typical Maximum Ouiput Power VS Frequency
{Output Set to +17 dem)
18
т
16
15
14
12
12 Specified Output Power
Cuipul Power (Em)
=D. MO
0 200 400 0 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 7000
Carrier Frequency (Melz)
AMPLITUDE MODULATION
AM Depth (f_ >400 kHz): +>
0 to 100%, level < +7 dBm.
0 to 30%, level < +10 dBm.
Resolution: 1%.
AM Rate,
Internal: 400 Hz and 1 kHz, + 2%.
External: 20 Hz to 40 kHz (1 dB bandwidth)
20 Hz to 100 kHz (3 dB bandwidth) Typical.
AM Distortion (at 400 Hz and 1 kHz rates, levels
< +7 dBm):
AM Depth £ <1030 f >1080
0 to 30 % AM 1.5% 4%
31 to 70 % AM 3.0% 4%
71 to 90 % AM 4.0% 7%
Indicator Accuracy (for depths < 90%, 400 Hz
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Incidental Phase Modulation (at 30% AM depth,
internal rates): < 0.3 radians peak.
FREQUENCY MODULATION
Maximum FM Peak Deviation:
Center Maximum Peak Deviation
Frequency AC Mode
{the lesser of) DCModes
0.1 to130 MHz 300 kHz or 4000 x rate (Hz} | 200 kHz
130 to 260 MHz | 50 kHz or 1000 x rate (Hz) 50 kHz
260 to 520 MHz |100 kHz or 2000 x rate (Hz) | 100 kHz
520 to 1040 MHz | 200 kHz or 4000 x rate (Hz) | 200 kHz
1040 to 2060 MHz | 400 kHz or 5000 x rate (Hz) | 400 kHz
FM not specified when peak deviation is > (f —100 KHz)
FM Setting Resolution:
FM Carrier Frequency
Deviation | f <1040 MHz | f >1040 MHz
< 20 kHz 100 Hz 200 Hz
> 20kHz 200 Hz 400 Hz
FM Rate,
Internal: 400 Hz and 1 kHz, +2%.
External: (referenced to 1 kHz)
de'5 Hz to 100 kHz, 3 dB bandwidth.
de20 Hz to 50 kHz, 1 dB bandwidth.
Center Frequeney Accuracy in de Mode:
Carrier Center Frequency
Frequency Accuracy
0.1 to 130 MHz + 500 Hz
130 to 260 MHz +125 Hz
260 to 520 MHz + 250 Hz
520 to 1040 MHz + 500 Hz
1040 to 2060 MHz + 1000 Hz
Center Frequency Stability in de Mode:
<10 Hz per hour drift (typ <3 Hz per hour).
FM Distortion (at 400 Hz and 1 kHz rates):
<0.5% THD plus noise at deviations shown in the
following table.
Center Deviation
Frequeney
0.1 to 130 MHz 3 t0 100 kHz
130 to 260 MHz 3 to 25 kHz
260 to 520 MHz 3 to 50 kHz
520 to 1040 MHz 3 to 100 kHz
1040 to 2060 MHz 6 to 200 kHz
HP 8657B
specifications
Indicator Accuracy (400 Hz and 1 kHz rates):
< 5% of setting
Incidental AM (peak dev. <20 kHz, 400 Hz and
1 kHz rates). <0.5% АМ Tf > 1030 MHz
< 0.1% AM, f >500 kHz.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
FM Distortion: Worst case distortion at all specified
deviations, rates, and carrier frequencies Is 1.5%.
External Sensitivity:
I volt peak for indicated accuracy
(1 volt de when In de-FM mode).
External Modulation Input:
Front panel BNC, 600 2 dc-coupled; front panel
annunciators indicate 1 Y peak signal + 5%,
Modulating Signal Output: Internal modulating
signal is provided at the front panel BNC connector
af nominally 1 volt peak into a 600 {2 resistive
load.
Simultaneous Modulation:
Internal { External: AM/FM, FM/AM, AM AM,
FMI FM, AM! FM Pulse, 7
Internal Internal, External [ External: AM | FM
PULSE MODULATION:=#
ON/OFF Ratio: >70dB,{ >130 MHz.
>95 dB, f. = 1030 MHz.
< 35 nanoseconds, f 2 130 MHz
< 50 nanoseconds, f. > 1030 MHz
HP 8657B OPTION H60
If what you need is pulse modulation to 1 GHz
and dont want to pay for 2 GHz coverage the
HP 8657B Option H60 provides pulse modulation
standard and frequency coverage from 100 kHz to
1040 MHz. All specifications are the same as the
HP 86578 with Option 003, up to 1040 MHz.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS:
Typical Rise/Fall Time: 10 ns, f <1030 MHz;
18 ns, f > 1030 MHz.
Maximum Repetition Rate: DC - 30 MHz.
Rise/Fall Time:
Level Accuracy: + 1.0dB absolute level accuracy in
Pulse Mode.
Duty Cyele: 0 - 100%. (limited by rise/fall time)
Pulse Modulation Input: BNC, high impedance
(internally selectable to 50 ohms), can be
driven directly by TTL.
Maximum Input Level: + 15 Y.
Nominal Input Threshold: 1.6 У.
Video Feedthrough: <15%.
Pulse Time Delay:*Ps!*
Off to On: 47 nanoseconds
On to Off: 34 nanoseconds
REMOTE PROGRAMMING
Interface: HP-IB (Hewlett-Packard's implementation
of IEEE Standard 488).
Interface Functions Implemented: SHO, AHI, TO,
L2, SRO, RL1, PPO, DC1, DTO, CO, El,
GENERAL
Operating Temperature Range: 0 to +55°C.
Storage Temperature Range: -40 to +71°C.
Leakage: Conducted and radiated interference is
within the requirements of CE03 (except
broadband conducted below 70 kHz) and RE02 of
MIL STD 461B, and FTZ 1115. Furthermore, RF
leakage of less than 1.0 pV is induced in a two-
turn loop, 2.5 cm in diameter, held 2.5 cm away
from the front surface. (Typical leakage is
<0.05 pV for levels «-40 dBm.)
Save/Recall/Sequence Storage Registers:
100 non-volatile registers are available to save
front panel settings.
Rear Panel SEQ Input Level: TTL low to recall next
storage register contents.
Power Requirements: 100 or 120 or 220 or 240 volts
{£10%) from 48 to 440 Hz; 200 VA maximum.
Weight: Net 20.5 kg (45 1b); shipping 26.0 kg (57 1b).
Dimensions: 133H x 425W x 574D mm
(5.25 x 16.75 x 22.6 inches.)
HP System II module size: 5 1/4H x 1MWx17D.
! Spurious specifications apply for output levels <+4 dBm and £ <1030 MHz when pulse modulation is installed.
? Maximum output power is +10 d8m with pulse modulation installed at £ <1030 MHz.
* Absolute level accuracy includes allowances for detector linearity, temperature, flatness, attenuator accuracy and measurement
uncertainty.
* When pulse modulation is installed, maximum specified output level in AM is reduced by 3 dB when f <1030 MHz.
5 Pulse modulation specifications apply for carriers >130 MHz and levels <+7 dBm (frequency switching speed typically increases
by 30 ms with pulse modulation on). Additionally, AM is unspecified with pulse modulation turned on at f, 21030 MHz.
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HP 8657D
specifications
SPECIFICATIONS describe the instruments warranted
performance and apply after a 30 minute warm-up. All
SPECIFICATIONS are valid over the signal generator’s entire
Operating/Environmental Range unless otherwise noted.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS (shown in italics) are
intended to provide additional information useful in applying
the instrument by giving typical (expected), but not warranted
performance.
Analog Modulation Mode
All specifications for the HP 8657D in analog mode are
identical to those of the HP 8657B Signal Generator
for frequencies from 100 kHz to 1030 MHz (overrange
- to 1040 MHz). Please refer to the HP 8657B
“ specifications for complete HP 8657D analog mode
specifications.
7/4 DQPSK Digital Modulation Mode
FREQUENCY
Range (10-digit LED display):
10 MHz to 129.9 MHz.
810 MHz to 965 MHz.
1420 MHz to 1540 MHz data inverted.
Resolution: 1 Hz,
Switching Speed (to be within 100 Hz of final
frequency): <35 ms. (does not apply when switching
between frequency ranges listed above)
Accuracy and Stability: Same as timebase used.
SPECTRAL PURITY
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Harmonics: Typically <-30 dBc.
Nonharmonic Spurious: Typically <-50 dBe.
Residual FM (no data clock):
Typically <6 Hz rms in a 300 Hz to 3 kHz BW.
SSB Phase Noise (no data clock):
Typically <-105 dBc/Hz at a 20 kHz offset.
OUTPUT
Level Range: —143.5 dBm minimum in all ranges.
+3 dBm maximum; 1420 to 1540 MHz
and 10 to 129.9 MHz.
+7 dBm maximum; 810 to 965 MHz.
Resolution: 0.1 dB.
Level Accuracy: +1.0 4В (-127 dBm to +3 dBm).
1/4 DQPSK MODULATION
Modulation Format: n/4 DQPSK.
Data Rate,
Symbol Clock: 20 kHz to 25 kHz.
Bit Clock: 40 kHz to 50 kHz.
Pre-modulation Filter: Square-root raised cosine.
Filter Shape Factor: a= 0.35 or a= 0.50.
Error Vector Magnitude (+15 to +35° C):
<4©; 10 to 129.9 MHz and 1420 to 1540
MHz, level <+3 dBm.
<3.5%; 810 MHz to 965 MHz, level <+7 dBm.
UQ Origin Offset (+15 to +35” C):
-35 dB (RF output only).
Inputs: Serial data and clock (bit or symbol).
Outputs: Baseband n/4 D@PSK I and Q signals.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Input Levels: Nominally TTL.
Input Impedance: Nominally I! k£à
Output Levels,
Symbol Clock: Nominally TTL level.
N x Symbol Clock: Nominally TTL level.
128 x Symbol Clock: Nominally TTL level.
Baseband 7/4 DQPSK I and Q Output Level:
Typically 0.35 volts into a 50 £2 load.
Simultaneous Modulation: 1/4 DQPSE and pulse
(AM and FM are not available in
x/4 DOPSEK modulation mode).
PULSE MODULATION
(standard on HP 8657D, pulse modulation is available in either
the analog or n/4 DQPSK modulation mode.)
On/Off Ratio (n/d DQPSK mode):
>70 dB; f. < 1030 MHz.
>50 dB; 1420 MHz < © < 1540 MHz
Rise/Fall Time (10% to 90%):
35 ns, typically 10 ns.
GENERAL
Remote Operation: HP-IB. All functions but the
line switch, sequence control, digital modulation
polarity, and digital filter shape factor are
remotely programmable.
Operating Temperature Range: 0 to +55°C.
Storage Temperature Range: —40 to 71°C.
Power Requirements: HP 8657D: 100 or 120 or 200
or 240 volts (+10%) from 48 to 440 Hz; 200 VA
maximum. x /4 DQPSK modulator: 90 to 264 volts
from 48 to 66 Hz; 75 YA maximum.
Weight: Net 26.4 kg (58 1b); shipping 37.3 kg (82 1bi.
Dimensions: 223H x 425W x 575 mm
(8.75 x 16.8 x 22.6 inches).
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HP 8657A/B Option 022
specifications
SPECIFICATIONS describe the instruments warranted
performance and apply after a 30 minute warm-up. All
SPECIFICATIONS are valid over the signal generators entire
Operating/Environmental Range unless otherwise noted
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS (shown in italics! are
intended to provide additional information useful in applying
the instrument by giving typical (expected), but not warranted
performance.
Analog Modulation Mode
When the 0.3 GMSK modulator is turned off or a
clock signal is absent, these instruments perform
as standard HP 8657As or HP 8657Bs. Please
refer to the HP 8657A or HP 8657B specifications
for complete analog mode performance.
0.3 GMSK Digital Modulation Mode
FREQUENCY
Range:
Data Normal:
HP 8657A: 520 MHz to 1040 MHz,
НР 8657B: 520 MHz to 2060 MHz.
Data Inverted: 10 MHz to 130 MHz.
SPECTRAL PURITY
Harmonics: <-30 dBc.
<-25 dBc; fc > 1030 MHz (HP 8657B only).
Nonharmonic Spurious (>150 kHz offsets):
<—50 dBe.
Noise Floor: <-100 dBc.
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0.3 GMSK MODULATION
Modulation Format: 0.3 GMSK
Pre-modulation Filter: Gaussian LFF
Bandwidth x Data Rate (BT): 0.3
Data Rate: 270.833 kHz (+1 kHz).
Modulation Phase Error
890 to 950 MHz and 10 to 130 MHz:
3° rms, typically I°,
8° peak, typically 5°.
1030 to 2060 MHz (HP 8657B only):
3.5” rms, typically 1.5%.
9° peak, typically 6°,
Frequency Error: 10 Hz; fe «1030,
20 Hz; fe > 1030 MHz (HP 8657B only).
Inputs: Serial data and clock.
Outputs (HP 8657B only): Baseband 0.3 GMSK
I and Q signals.
SUPPLEMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
Inputs;
Data: TTL high represents a “I”.
Clock: Data accepted on rising edge.
Input Levels: Nominally TTL.
Input Impedance: Nominally 1 kG
Time to output modulation after clock input:
25 microseconds.
Time to cease modulation after clock
discontinued: 35 microseconds.
Baseband 0.3 GMSK I and Q Output Level:
Typically 5 volts into a 5082 load.
Simultaneous Modulation: AM/FM /pulse/0.3
GMSK.
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Remote Operation: HP-IB. All functions but the
line switch, sequence control, >1040 MHz
0.3 GMSK modulator switch (HP 8657B Option
022 only), and modulation data polarity are
remotely programmable,
Operating Temperature Range: +15 to +35°С.
Storage Temperature Range: -40 to +71°C.
Power Requirements (0.3 GMSK modulator only):
90 to 264 volts from 48 to 66 Hz; 75 VA maximum.
Weight (0.3 GMSK modulator only): Net 4 kg
(9 1b); shipping 9 kg (20 1b).
Dimensions (0.3 GMSK modulator only): 44H X
425W X 422D mm (1.75 X 16.75 X 17 inches).
HP 8657E Option 022
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HP 8656B, 57A/B/D
specification
ORDERING INFORMATION
Option HP 8656B HP 8657A HP 86578 HP 8657D
Standard Instrument X X X X
001 High Stability Timebase X X X X
002 Rear Panel Input/Outputs (N/A with X X X N/A
Option 022)
003 Pulse Modulation N/A N/A X Standard
022 0.3 GMSK Modulation {Includes N/A X X N/A
Option 909, N/A with Option 002)
907 Front Handle Kit X X X Standard
908 Rack Flange Kit X X X N/A
909 Rack Flange Kit w/Handles X X X N/A
913 HP 8657D Rack Flange Kit N/A N/A N/A X
910 Provides an additional X X X X
Operation/Calibration Manual and
two Service Manuals
915 Add Service Manual X X X X
H60 HP 86578 upper frequency to N/A N/A X N/A
1040 MHz, pulse standard
+W30 3-year Repair service X X X X
+W32 3-year Calibration service X X X X
N/A means NOT Available
X means Available
ACCESSORIES
Retrofit Kits:
To order standard options after shipment, order the following HP part numbers or special option numbers: (Note:
These retrofit kits should only be installed by trained service professionals. }
Option HP 86568 HP 8657A HP 8657B HP 8657D
001 08656-60195 08656-60195 08657-61054 08657-61054
002' Option K16 08657-61037 08657-61055 N/A
003* N/A N/A Option Go3* N/A
022° N/A N/A? N/A? N/A
'Not available for HP 8657A/B Option 022 or HP 86570.
“Pulse modulation is factory installable only.
*Option 022 must be purchased at time of order and cannot be retrofitted,
Manuals
Description HP 8656B HP 8657A HP 8657B HP 8657D
Operation/Calibration Manual
08657-90115
08657-90115
08657-90115
08657-80107
Service Manual 08656-90205 08657-90004 08657-90007 08657-90131
Option 022 Op/Cal Supplement N/A 08657-90062 Contact HP N/A
Option 022 Service Supplement N/A 08657-90064 Contact HP N/A
Transit Cases
Description HP 86568 HP 8657A HP 86578 HP 8657D
Transit Case (mainframe only) 9211-2655 9211-2655* 9211-2661* 9211-2661*
Transit Case tor digital modulator N/A 9211-2648* 9211-2648* 9211-2654"
‘For instruments fitted with a digital modulator (HP 86570 or HP 8657A/B with Option 022), the digital modulator
must be removed and shipped in a separate transit case to avoid instrument damage. The HP 8657A/B Option
022 0.3 GMSK modulator is a non-standard size, but may be shipped in a larger transit case (9211-2648) with
additional padding.
Handles and Rack Mount Accessories
previously supplied handles
Description HP 8656B, HP 8657A, HP 8657B (except HP 8657D
Option 022 instruments - Contact HP)
Front Handle Kit 5062-3989 5062-3991
Rack Mount Flange Kit 5062-3977 5062-3979
Rack Flange Kit with Handles 5062-3983 5062-3985
Rack Flange Kit for instruments with 5062-4071 5062-4073
Rack Slide Kit (not available for HP 86574/B Option 022), 1494-0060.
Slide Adapter Bracket (converts standard rack slides for non-HP rack enclosures), 1494-0061,
Accessories
HP 8347A RF Amplifier, 100 kHz to 3 GHz, leveled +2 to +20 dBm, »25 dB gain.
HP 11721A Frequency Doubler, 50 to 1300 MHz input, <15 dBm conversion loss at +13 dBm.
HP 11697A 50-750 Adapter with type N connectors, dc to 1300 MHz.
Г HEWLETT
PACKARD
HP sales office listed in your telephone
directory or an HP regional office listed
below for the location of your nearest
sales office.
United States:
Hewlett-Packard Company
4 Choke Cherry Road
Rockville, MD 20850
{301 } 670 4300
Hewlett-Packard Company
5201 Tollview Drive
Rolling Meadows, IL 60008
(708) 255 9800
Hewlett-Packard Company
5161 Lankershim Blvd,
No. Hollywood, CA 91601
(818) 505 5600
Hewlett-Packard Company
2015 South Park Place
Atlanta, GA 30339
(404) 955 1500
Canada:
Hewlett-Packard Ltd.
6877 Goreway Drive
Mississauga, Ontario LAV1M8
(4161678 9430
European Headquarters:
Hewlett-Packard S.A.
150, Route du Nant d'Avril
1217 Meyrin 2
Geneva -- Switzerland
41/22 7808111
Japan:
Yokogawa-Hewlett-Packard Ltd.
15-7, Nishi Shinjuku 4 Chome
Shinjuku-ku
Tokyo 160, Japan
(03)5371 1315
Latin America;
Hewlett-Packard
Latin American Region Headquarters
Monte Pelvoux No. 111
Lomas de Chapultepec
11000 Mexico, D.F. Mexico
(525) 202 0155
Australia/New Zealand:
Hewlett-Packard Australia Ltd.
31-41 Joseph Street
Blackburn, Victoria 3130
Australia
(03) 895 2895
Far East:
Hewlett-Packard Asia Ltd.
22/F Bond Centre,
West Tower
59 Queensway
Central, Hong Kong
(852) 848 7777
In Europe, please call your local
HP sales office or representative:
Austria: (0222) 2500-0
Central Europe, USSR,
and Yugoslavia:
Vienna - Austria
(0222) 2500-0
Belgium and Luxembourg:
(02) 761 31 11
Denmark: (42) 81 66 40
Finland: (90) 88 721
France: (1) 69 82 60 60
Germany: (061721150
Greece: (01 +68 28 811
Iceland: (91) 671000
Ireland: (01) 88 33 99
Israel:
Computation and Measurement
Systems (CMS) Ltd.
(03) 5380 333
Italy: (02) 95 300 134
Netherlands: (020) 547 6669
Norway: (02)87 97 00
Portugal: {11} 301 73 30
Spain: 900123123
Sweden: (08) 750 20 00
Switzerland:
(057) 31 21 11 (Headoffice)
(022) 780 41 11 (Suisse Romande)
(046) 05 15 05 (Customer Information
Center}
South Africa:
HiPerformance Systems
{011)802 5111
Turkey: 175 29 70
U.E.: (0344) 369 569
Europe/Africa/Middle East:
Hewlett-Packard 5.4.
Marcom Operations Europe
P.O. Box 529
1180 AM Amstelveen
The Netherlands
Copyright © 1991
Hewlett-Packard Company
Data subject to change
Printed in U.S.A 6/91
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