Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual

Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................................................... 5
CREDITS.................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
COPYRIGHTS.......................................................................................................................................................................... 6
F-16 FIGHTING FALCON HISTORY ........................................................................................................................................ 6
PROGRAM ......................................................................................................................................................................... 6
TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................................................................................... 7
MODELS AND PRODUCTION............................................................................................................................................ 8
FUTURE PLANS.................................................................................................................................................................. 9
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................................................................... 9
FLIGHT SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................................................................. 11
F-16AM FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM (FLCS).................................................................................................................... 11
RELAXED STATIC STABILITY ............................................................................................................................................ 12
SPEEDBRAKES ................................................................................................................................................................. 12
LEADING EDGE FLAPS..................................................................................................................................................... 12
FLIGHT MODELS IN FSX .................................................................................................................................................. 13
VIEWS AND PANEL NAVIGATION....................................................................................................................................... 14
TRACKIR AND MOVING VIEWPOINTS ........................................................................................................................... 14
FSX VIEWS ....................................................................................................................................................................... 15
CONSOLES, PANELS AND CONTROLS................................................................................................................................. 15
MULTI FUNCTION DISPLAYS .......................................................................................................................................... 16
LEFT MFD (RADAR) .................................................................................................................................................... 16
RIGHT MFD (NAVIGATION) ....................................................................................................................................... 17
HEADS UP DISPLAY ......................................................................................................................................................... 18
STANDARD HUD......................................................................................................................................................... 18
INTERCEPT HUD ......................................................................................................................................................... 19
LEFT AUX CONSOLE ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
THREAT WARNING AUXILIARY PANEL...................................................................................................................... 20
CHAFF/ FLARE PANEL ................................................................................................................................................ 20
HELM MOUNT DISPLAY PANEL ................................................................................................................................. 20
ALTERNATE GEAR DOWN CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 20
LANDING GEAR PANEL .............................................................................................................................................. 21
ACES-II EJECTION SEAT CONTROL............................................................................................................................. 21
SPEED BRAKE INDICATOR.......................................................................................................................................... 21
RIGHT AUX CONSOLE ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
EPU FUEL .................................................................................................................................................................... 22
PFD.............................................................................................................................................................................. 22
LIQUID OXYGEN ......................................................................................................................................................... 22
CLOCK ......................................................................................................................................................................... 22
COMPASS ................................................................................................................................................................... 22
FUEL QUANTITY ......................................................................................................................................................... 23
CAUTION PANEL......................................................................................................................................................... 23
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE............................................................................................................................................... 24
LEFT CONSOLE ................................................................................................................................................................ 24
ANTI G PANEL............................................................................................................................................................. 25
AUDIO ......................................................................................................................................................................... 25
ELECTRONIC COUNTER MEASURE PANEL................................................................................................................ 25
EPU.............................................................................................................................................................................. 25
RECORDER PANEL ...................................................................................................................................................... 25
AUX COMS PANEL...................................................................................................................................................... 25
CANOPY CONTROLS................................................................................................................................................... 25
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
ELECTRONIC ............................................................................................................................................................... 26
ENG START PANEL ..................................................................................................................................................... 26
EXT LIGHTS PANEL ..................................................................................................................................................... 26
FLT CONTROL PANEL ................................................................................................................................................. 27
FUEL PANEL ................................................................................................................................................................ 27
MANUAL TRIM PANEL ............................................................................................................................................... 28
TEST PANEL ................................................................................................................................................................ 28
UHF COMS PANEL.................................................................................................................................................... 28
CENTER CONSOLE........................................................................................................................................................... 29
AIRSPEED INDICATOR ................................................................................................................................................ 29
ALTIMETER ................................................................................................................................................................. 29
ANGLE OF ATTACK INDICATOR ................................................................................................................................. 29
ATTITUDE DIRECTION INDICATOR ............................................................................................................................ 29
AOA INDEXER LIGHTS ................................................................................................................................................ 30
AUTO PILOT................................................................................................................................................................ 30
BACKUP ATTITUDE DIRECTION INDICATOR ............................................................................................................. 30
FUEL FLOW INDICATOR ............................................................................................................................................. 30
FUEL QUANTITY PANEL ............................................................................................................................................. 30
HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR....................................................................................................................... 31
INSTRUMENT MODE PANEL...................................................................................................................................... 31
MARKER BEACONS .................................................................................................................................................... 31
MASTER CAUTION ..................................................................................................................................................... 31
MISC ARMAMENT PANEL.......................................................................................................................................... 31
NOSEWHEEL INDEXER LIGHTS .................................................................................................................................. 32
PEDAL ADJUST............................................................................................................................................................ 32
VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR..................................................................................................................................... 32
RIGHT CONSOLE ............................................................................................................................................................. 32
OXYGEN REGULATOR ................................................................................................................................................ 32
DATA TRANSFER UNIT ............................................................................................................................................... 32
ANTI ICE / ANTENNA SELECTOR panel ..................................................................................................................... 33
NUCLEAR CONSENT ................................................................................................................................................... 33
AIR CONDITIONING.................................................................................................................................................... 33
AVIONICS POWER panel............................................................................................................................................ 33
HUD REMOTE CONTROL PANEL................................................................................................................................ 34
LIGHTING panel.......................................................................................................................................................... 35
SENSOR POWER MANAGEMENT PANEL .................................................................................................................. 35
INTEGRATED CONTROL PANEL & DATA ENTRY DISPLAY ............................................................................................. 36
ENTERING DATA......................................................................................................................................................... 36
CAGE FLIGHT PATH MARKER .................................................................................................................................... 36
OVERRIDE BUTTONS.................................................................................................................................................. 37
LIST PAGE ................................................................................................................................................................... 37
HOW TO SHOW ILS BARS ON THE HUD ................................................................................................................... 37
SIDE STICK CONTROLLER, THROTTLE QUADRANT SYSTEM AND ANIMATIONS.............................................................. 38
SIDE STICK CONTROLLER................................................................................................................................................ 38
THROTTLE QUADRANT SYSTEM .................................................................................................................................... 38
JET STARTER DOORS....................................................................................................................................................... 39
RUDDER PEDAL SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................................ 39
ARM RESTS...................................................................................................................................................................... 39
OCTOPUS......................................................................................................................................................................... 40
EJECTION CONTROL SAFETY LEVER............................................................................................................................... 40
CANOPY........................................................................................................................................................................... 40
PILOT VISOR .................................................................................................................................................................... 40
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
LASER PODS .................................................................................................................................................................... 40
CONFIGURATOR .................................................................................................................................................................. 41
MISSIONS............................................................................................................................................................................. 41
IN-FLIGHT REFUELING......................................................................................................................................................... 42
TWEAKING........................................................................................................................................................................... 44
MODEL CONFIGURATION FILES ..................................................................................................................................... 44
DIFFERENT MODELS ....................................................................................................................................................... 47
PAINTKIT.......................................................................................................................................................................... 47
FAQ ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 48
F-16 PROCEDURES / CHECKLIST......................................................................................................................................... 49
Dedicated to Caitlin. Life is short, don’t waste it all on computer games, people are far more important.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
INTRODUCTION
It took a long time to finish this project and during development we met some serious problems. But the F-16 had
to be done. It’s the best known fighter after all. But soon after the project started it grew into a multi headed
monster that was being pulled by many people into many directions, everybody wanted their ideal F -16 and the
project nearly spun out of control because of that. But about halfway through, we made an important decision to
focus PURELY on the flying and on nothing else. So we spend all effort on the aircraft itself and nothing on the
things that are seen for some other aircraft. Things like ground objects when the aircraft has the parking brakes
set. Also we decided not to do any offensive or defensive stuff, FSX is not a military simulator and it will at best be
some nice effects. Not good enough in our mind. So no bombs that fall or missiles that track helpless B747s.
So what you get here is an aircraft, nothing more and nothing less. It is most likely as complex as any aircraft for
FSX has ever been, most certainly it is about 6 times more complex than FS2004 could show. It’s so good that
several parts of this project are now used to train actual F-16 pilots.
CREDITS
Concept
Modeling/Texturing
Liveries
Flight Models
System/Animations
Flaps DLL
MFD’S & HUD
Project Management
Manuals
Manual Corrections
Installer
Mathijs Kok (Aerosoft)
Tim Taylor (Aerosoft) , Stefan Hoffmann (TinyUniverses)
Dag Roger Stangeland, Vincent Van Yperen, Raymond Rotmans
John Cagle
Hubertus Fuest (Aerosoft), Raphael Jakob (Aerosoft), Finn Jacobsen
Hans Hartmann
Scott Printz
Mathijs Kok (Aerosoft)
Mathijs Kok (Aerosoft)
Christoph Beck
Andreas Muegge (Aerosoft)
Above anything else we should credit Finn, Vin, Dag and Raymond, they were of incredible help to this project and
we can honestly say they were the ones who saved it on at least two occasions.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
COPYRIGHTS
The manual, documentation, video images, software, and all the related materials are copyrighted and cannot be
copied, photocopied, translated or reduced to any electronic medium or machine legible form, neither completely
nor in part, without the previous written consent of AEROSOFT. THE SOFTWARE IS FURNISHED «AS IS» AND IT DOES
NOT COME FURNISHED WITH ANY GUARANTEE IMPLICIT OR EXPRESS. THE AUTHOR DECLINES EVERY
RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONTINGENT MALFUNCTIONS, DECELERATION, AND ANY DRAWBACK THAT SHOULD ARISE,
USING THIS SOFTWARE.
Copyright © 2015 AEROSOFT All rights reserved. Windows® and Flight Simulator X are either registered trademarks
or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. All trademarks and brand
names are trademarks or registered trademarks of the respective owners.
Copyrights are serious stuff. If you find any pirated copies of this software please notify us at
Support@aerosoft.com we will make sure reports of copyrights violation are rewarded.
Aerosoft GmbH, Lindberghring 12, D-33142 Büren, Germany, www.aerosoft.com
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN STEAM EDITION AND AEROSOFT EDITION
This Steam edition contains less liveries than the version that is sold at Aerosoft.com and other shops. At
Aerosoft.com we will provide an update pack that includes all the 61 liveries that normally belong to this product.
F-16 FIGHTING FALCON HISTORY
Started as a project to construct a small high manoeuvrable light fighter, and at lower costs than ever before the
Tactical Fighter Requirements Division of Air Force Headquarters funded a study in the early seventies for the
preliminary design and analysis of several configurations for a lightweight fighter.
Amongst other aims they wanted low wing loading and high thrust loading; knowing that this was very difficult
because of the contradistinction: low wing loading means larger wings thus more weight and more drag and high
thrust loading (thus more powerful engines) means higher fuel consumption and thus short range. The Air Force
needed a lower-cost alternative to the F-15 in modernizing and expanding its air force and due to the political and
economic situation at this time (oil crisis!!) the United States needed a low cost fighter for export to replace a large
number of aging aircraft of NATO member countries.
PROGRAM
General Dynamics and Northrop were the finalists out of the ten competitors for the competition in April 1972.
They received about $40 each million to create two prototypes. General Dynamics had the first one (Model 401)
completed in December 1973 in Fort Worth and it was transported to Edwards AFB, California, on January 8 th
1974. Phil Oestricher, the test pilot Of General Dynamics flew the YF-16 on January, 20 1974 for its maiden flight,
continued by its first official flight on February 2 nd. Northrop rolled out the P-600 in April 1974 at Hawthorne,
California and named it YF-17. It made its first flight at Edwards Air Force Base on Mat 9 th. December 1974 the
competition ended and in 1975, on January the 13 th the Secretary of the Air Force John McLucas assigned the YF-
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16 from General Dynamics as the winner: “The airplane with the best performance at the lowest cost.” (Secretary
of Defence James Schlesinger).
TECHNOLOGY
Compared with the YF-17 the YF-16 had a mission radius advantage of 200 nautical miles; a sustained turn rate
advantage of 0.5 degree/second at Mach 1.2 at 30.000 feet, a fifteen second accelerating advantage from Mach
0.9 to Mach 1.2 at 30.000 feet and a ferry range advantage of 350 nautical miles.
The most important piece of the YF-16 is the Electronic Flight Control System. For the first time ever an aircraft was
not flown by cables linking the stick to the flight control surfaces, but the complete system was electronic and used
servos to control the rudder, ailerons etc. These fly-by-wire flight controls allow much more precise control of the
aircraft than the heavy and more complex hydro mechanical flight control system. Not only the flying qualities
improved, but safety as well, because it imposes g limits to keep the pilot from overstressing the airframe and
angle of attack limits to prevent stall and departing. The aircraft will (try to) protect the pilot from dangerous
commands. In this day and age of digital aircrafts (most obviously the Airbus aircraft were designed with this in
mind) it is hard to imagine what a revolution fly-by wire was.
Conventional aircraft require constant downward loads on the horizontal tail to maintain their flight level. The F-16
FCS however is designed with “relaxed static stability”: high speed computers (however, compared to the machine
you run your simulator on they seem incredibly slow) stabilize the aircraft at any desired cruise speed or
manoeuvre condition by making quick, small adjustments to the control surfaces so controlled flight is maintained.
Without the computer the aircraft cannot be flown. Even the best pilot would not be fast enough to react.
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MODELS AND PRODUCTION
In 1975 when the U.S. Air Force started its production, Belgium, The Netherlands Denmark and Norway followed
with their orders a few months later, bringing the initial program to 998 aircraft. Ten years later, 17 air forces in 16
nations had ordered more than 3,000 F-16s. In 1983 the 1000 th aircraft was delivered, the 2,000th in 1988, the
3000th in 1991 and the 4000th in 2000. During its production time the F-16 had of course extensive changes, i.e.
choice of engines, night attack capabilities etc. The MLU (Mid-Life Update) started in 1991, modernizing the
avionics with the latest technologies, cockpit and the latest weapons and added ‘over the horizon’ capability.
Nowadays more than 4,200 F-16’s have been delivered to 19 countries. F-16s are notoriously difficult to divide into
models and variants. ‘Blocks’ and ‘models’ are intertwined into a bewildering list. But here are the most important
variations.















Block 1,Block 5 and Block 10 for USAF and the first European countries.
Block 15 two hardpoints added to the chin of the inlet, larger horizontal tails, wide-angle Head-UpDisplay, system for ‘over the horizon’ weapons.
Block 20 increased maximum weight for 9 g manoeuvres, MLU cockpit, avionics and other provisions
Block 25 First F-16C/D models, increased multi role capacity.
Block 30/32 two new engines: F110-GE-100 and F100-PW-220. computer memory expansion and sealbonded fuselage fuel tanks
Block 40/42 Various modifications/product improvements include the chaff/flare dispenser and the
advanced radar warning receiver.
Block 50/52 Capable of using the Lockheed Martin low-altitude navigation and targeting for night
(LANTIRN) system.
Block 60 larger fuel tanks for greater range, new cockpit displays, an internal sensor suite, a new mis sion
computer and other advanced features including a new agile beam radar.
Block 60/62 Projected development, subject to customer demand. No firm configuration, specifically
designed for the United Arab Emirates.
F-16A Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-200 turbofan, rated at 12,240 lb.s.t. dry, 14,670 lb.s.t. full military, and
23,830 lb.s.t. with afterburning.
Maximum speed: Mach 2.05 at 40,000 feet. Service ceiling 55,000 feet. Maximum range 2400 miles. Initial
climb rate 62,000 feet per minute.
Dimensions: wingspan 32 feet 9 1/2 inches, length 49 feet 3 1/2 inches, height 16 feet 8 1/2 inches, wing
area 300 square feet.
F-16B Standard tandem two-seat version of F-16A; fully operational both cockpits; fuselage length
unaltered; reduced fuel.
F-16C Current production version, capable of all-weather operations and compatible with Beyond Visible
Range (BVR) missiles.
F-16D Standard tandem two-seat version of F-16C.
F-16 Mid-Life Update (MLU) provides the A and B models with new radar, cockpit and computer, which
makes it possible to fly night and day missions and in all weather conditions.
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In its complete development the external model hardly changed at all. Because of the excellent aerodynamic and
structural design of the original F-16, the external lines never needed serious change. The F-16’s growth potential,
however, has been fully utilized. The aircraft has undergone six major block changes incorporating four
generations of core avionics, five engine versions, five radar versions, five electronic warfare suites and two
generations of most other subsystems.
FUTURE PLANS
As there are already unmanned aircraft, the so-called Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles (UCAV), Lockheed Martin is
researching a demonstration type of an unmanned F-16 to prove autonomous vehicle control, up-link command
technologies, and to develop operational requirements. But also there are also studies to modify the F-16 into a
remotely piloted drone: the aircraft could be piloted from the ground.
Another idea, the F16 UCAV has a sixty-foot wingspan and 22,100 pounds of internal fuel capacity. The
configuration could maintain an un-refuelled, eight-hour presence on a nominal combat air patrol mission. A
prototype could be built and flying in less than two years.
The Joint Strike Fighter of Lockheed-Martin and the Eurofighter, built by a consortium from Germany, Italy, Spain
and the UK, is chosen by most NATO countries to take over from the F-16 in the next decade. Many feel these
aircraft will be last manned fighter aircraft. In that whole history the F-16 holds a very special place, since it’s the
only aircraft that has NEVER been beaten when opposing similar numbers. It never lost a head to head combat
situation.
SPECIFICATIONS
Manufacturer:
Wingspan:
Wing Aspect Ratio:
Fuselage Length:
Overall Height:
Tail plane Span:
Wheel Track:
Wheel Base:
Wing Gross Area:
Flaperons (total):
Leading Edge Flaps :
Fin:
Rudder:
Tail Surfaces:
No. Engines:
Engine Manufacturer:
Engine Designation:
Engine Power:
Engine Manufacturer:
Engine Designation:
Engine Power:
Lockheed Martin Tactical Aircraft Systems Fort Worth, Texas
31 feet 0 inches without tip-mounted AAMs 32 feet 9.75 inches with tip-mounted AAMs
3.20 : 1
49 feet 4 inches
16 feet 8.5 inches
18 feet 3.75 inches
7 feet 9 inches
13 feet 1.5 inches
300.0 sq feet
31.32 sq feet
36.72 sq feet
43.10 sq feet
11.65 sq feet
63.70 sq feet (GE Variant)
One
General Electric
F110-GE-100 turbofan
27,600-lbs with afterburning (P&W Variant)
Pratt & Whitney
F100-P-220 turbofan
23,450-lbs with afterburning
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Empty Weight:
18,238-lbs with F100-PW-200 turbofan
19,020-lbs with F110-GE-100 turbofan
Max External Load:
12,000-lbs
Max Comb Takeoff Wght: 23,765-lbs with the F110-GE-100 turbofan
Maximum Takeoff Wght: 27,185-lbs ( F-16C with a F110-GE-100 ) for an air-to-air mission without drop tanks
37,500-lbs ( F-16C Block 30/32 ) with maximum external load
42,300-lbs ( F-16C Block 40/42 ) with maximum external load
Wing Loading:
95.0-lb/sq ft at 28,500-lbs AUW 141.0-lb/sq ft at 42,300-lbs AUW
Thrust/Weight Ratio:
1.1 to 1
Combat Takeoff Weight: 23,765-lbs with the F110-GE-100 turbofan
Maximum Internal Fuel: 6,846-lbs
Maximum External Fuel: 6,760-lbs
Maximum Ordnance:
20,450-lbs for a 5-g manoeuvre
11,950-lbs for a 9-g manoeuvre
Maximum Level Speed: Above Mach 2.0 at 40,000 feet
Service Ceiling:
More than 50,000 feet
Radius of Action:
852-miles on a hi-lo-lo-hi mission with two 2,000-lb bombs,
two Sidewinders, 1,040 US gallons fuel, tanks dropped when empty
392-miles on a hi-lo-lo-hi mission with four 2,000-lb bombs, two Sidewinders,
300 US gallons of external fuel, tanks retained
230-miles on 2 hour 10 min CAP mission with two Sparrows and two Sidewinders,
1,040 US gallons of external fuel
818-miles on a point intercept mission with two Sparrows and two Sidewinders,
1,040 US gallons of external fuel
Ferry Range:
2,417 miles with drop tanks
Symmetrical g-Limits:
+9 with full internal fuel
Maximum Climb Rate:
50,000 feet per minute at sea level
Typical Take-Off Run:
2,500 feet at MTOW
Typical Landing Run:
2,500 feet at normal landing weight
Cannon:
One internal 20-mm M61A1 Vulcan cannon with 511 rounds
AAMs:
Wingtip launch rails for AIM-9L/M/P Sidewinder missiles
Alternatives to Sidewinder are MATRA Magic 2 or Rafael Python 3
Pylons:
Centreline pylon stressed for 2,200-lbs at 5.5-g load; 1,200-lbs at 9-g
Inboard wing pylons stressed to 4,500-lbs at 5.5-g load; 2,500-lbs at 9-g
Centre wing pylons stressed to 3,500-lbs at 5.5-g load; 2,000-lbs at 9-g l
Outboard wing pylons, usually used for additional AIM-9 carriage,
stressed to 700-lbs at 5.5-g load; 450-lbs at 9-g load
Unguided Bombs:
Most unguided weaponry is authorized for carriage, including Mk 82 bombs and
cluster munitions on triple-ejector racks, or Mk 84 bombs carried singly on wing pylons.
Guided Bombs:
AGM-65 Maverick anti-armour missile and Penguin anti-ship missile (Norway).
Pakistani aircraft equipped with ATLIS laser-designator and Paveway LGBs One
internal 20-mm M61A1 Vulcan cannon with 511 rounds
Smart Weapons:
The F-16C/D is basically similar to the F-16A/B, but with greater accent on "smart"
weapons. Block 50/52 aircraft have full AGM-88 HJARM capability, while LANTIRN-equipped aircraft can
autonomously launch GBU-10 and GBU-12 laser-guided bombs.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
FLIGHT SYSTEMS
To fully understand the flying capabilities of the F-16 it is important to understand some of the main systems and
principles that make it the manoeuvrable fighter it is. Translated from RNoAF F-16AM technical training documents
to a very basic technical English by Dag R. Stangeland.
F-16AM FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM (FLCS)
The Flight Control System in the F-16 is a computer controlled system. The main 3 components of this system are
as follows:

Primary FLCS: Controls the aircraft in the PITCH, ROLL and YAW axis via the primary control surfaces.
o
o
o

Flaperon (Roll)
Rudder (Yaw)
Secondary FLCS: The purpose of this system is to increase/optimize lift, aerodynamic braking and enhance
manoeuvrability. To do this the secondary control surfaces are used.
o
o
o

Horizontal stabilizers (Pitch)
Leading Edge Flap (LEF)
Trailing Edge Flap (TEF)
Speed brakes
The Air Data System (ADS):
o
The ADS transmits signals to the FLCS via a pneumatic origin, such as AOA, Airspeed, Altitude,
Mach-number, Temperature and Sideslip.
The pilot induces steering commands to the FLCS via the Side Stick Controller (SSC) and rudder pedals. Then the
signals are generated electrically and sent to the FLCS, where they are processed together with inputs from the air
data system and feedback from gyros and accelometers. Based on these inputs, the final rudder deflection/input is
generated and will determine what position the rudder should be in. The signal from the FLCS out to the
Integrated Servo Actuator (ISA) is electrically driven but the main ISA that moves the rudder/control surface is
hydraulically powered from hyd. system A and B. In addition to SSC and rudder pedals the pilot can give inputs to
the FLCS via Manual Trim Panel (MTP). The MTP can trim the aircraft in all 3 axes. The FLCS is also equipped with
an Autopilot (AP) function that can maintain attitude, altitude and heading based on the pilot’s choice. The
Horizontal Stabilizers moves the aircraft in the pitch axis and assists during roll. They operate symmetrically in
pitch manoeuvring and asymmetric during roll manoeuvring. They can move 25° up and 25° down from streamline.
The Flaperons move the aircraft around the roll axis. They can deflect 23° up to 20° down from streamline position.
When the Landing Gear Handle is set to the down position, both flaperons will automatically go down to 20° and
work as Trailing Edge Flaps. If flaperon is in the TEF mode and you maintain airspeed in excess of 240 kts the down
deflection will decrease gradually from 20° and be fully streamline when reaching 370 kts. TEF mode will then be
unavailable. Rudder pedals send inputs to the aircraft in the yaw axis. The rudder can deflect 30° to each side from
the centre position.
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RELAXED STATIC STABILITY
As opposed to many other aircraft the F-16 is built for an unstable mode, so called Relaxed Static Stability (RSS).
RSS means that aerodynamically the F-16’s point of lift is forward of the aircraft’s Centre of Gravity (CG). This
means that with increased AOA the lift will increase and thereby the AOA will increase and increase lift further. In
the end the aircraft will break or stall. The aircraft will, as a result, not find its stable position in flight. To c ontrol
this, the FLCS is dependent continuous feedback from the gyros and accelometers. With increased airspeed the
point of lift will move aft and at a speed of Mach 1.0 the lift will be at the same point as the CG. Above Mach 1.0
the lift will be behind the CG. This means that the F-16 is aerodynamically stable above Mach 1.0. Advantages with
an unstable aircraft:




Reduced Drag
Increased manoeuvrability
Rapid response from pilot inputs
Smaller control surfaces which means less weight.
SPEEDBRAKES
The speed brake is controlled by the SPD BRK switch on the throttle grip. The switch has 3 positions:



Aft position is spring-loaded to mid position. With the switch in aft pos. the speed brake is opened
gradually.
Mid position. Speed brake will remain in last position used.
Fwd position. Speed brake closes to fully closed position.
The speed brake can deflect to 60° in the fully open position. With Landing Gear Handle Down and Main Landing
Gear Down and Locked the operation of speed brakes will be limited to 43° deflection to prevent it from scraping
the ground during landing. This limit can be overridden by holding the SPB BRK switch in the aft position. If the
switch is released the speed brake will go back to 43° open. When the aircraft has Nose Landing Gear Weight On
Wheel, the speed brake can be fully opened to 60° and again function as a brake. The purpose of speed brakes is as
follows:



Aerodynamic braking of the aircraft
Increase of manoeuvrability
Easier to control landing speed.
LEADING EDGE FLAPS
While most people are familiar with trailing edge flaps (the control surfaces at the rear of the wing that deploy to
increase lift at the expense of additional drag, the F-16 also has Leading Edge Flaps. They increase lift during takeoff and landing and automatically change the curvature of the wing in various flying conditions. This gives better
take off/landing performance, lift-to-drag ratio resulting in better manoeuvrability and a more efficient vertical tail
during high AoA. The LEF is mechanically driven by a Power Drive Unit dependent on steering input from Electronic
Component Assembly (ECA). The input signals to the ECA are calculated from Mach-number, AoA and Altitude,
during flight. The LEF can deflect from 2° to 25° dependent on what the ECA tells it to do. On landing the LEF will
automatically go to 2° UP position when the aircraft has Weight On Wheels and the speed on wheels is 60 kts. The
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LEF is controlled by the LE Flaps switch. This has two positions; AUTO or LOCK. It remains in AUTO during normal
flight. If put in LOCK it will remain in the position it is set, independent on what the ECA says.
FLIGHT MODELS IN FSX
The described systems all have been faithfully reproduced in the FSX version of the F-16 and result in an aircraft
that is easy to fly. Very easy to fly in fact as it tends to go where the nose is pointed. As long as you follow the
checklists and the data note in there you should find no great difficulties in handling the F-16.
There are two aspects though, that have proven difficult to our testers. The first is that landing. Most people who
fly the aircraft for the first time tend to have problems reducing speed enough and crash on landing. Both these
problems can be solved with Aerodynamic Braking. During your approach you keep a high AoA (so your nose is not
pointed where you are going but much higher) and after touchdown you keep the nose up and let the drag slow
you down until you get to 80 knots and you can start to use your wheel brakes.
The second issue the testers found hard to understand how the configuration of the aircraft affects the handling.
The F-16 can carry seriously large loads and most of it is external. So apart from the extra weight you also have to
handle the extra drag. While a fully loaded Cessna still flies very similar to an empty one, the difference between
an F-16 configured for a demo flight and one that is ready for a long range bombing mission is immense.
All the models in this product have separate flight models that are linked to the type of engine, F -16 model and
above all the external stores. The more pods, missiles, tanks or bombs below your aircraft the heavier it is and the
more drag it has. More important, the aircraft performance will be
affected and limited. Depending on the external stores the maximum
G-load the aircraft can handle will differ.
On the Store screens you can see the stores on your aircraft. It also
shows if you are in CAT III or CAT I condition. CAT III has limitations
such as limited turn performance below Mach 0.7 and pitch damping
to counter excessive AoA (18 degrees at CAT III and 25 degrees at
CAT I). On the same screen you will find the max G the aircraft can
handle. Do not be surprised to break things when you exceed this
value. Contrary to general belief the flight systems do not fully
prevent the pilot from exceeding these values! Knowing the aircraft
you fly is vital.
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VIEWS AND PANEL NAVIGATION
The cockpit of the F-16 is rather special as there are very few aircraft that give that much external visibility. The
whole cockpit is very low and when you sit in it you really feel like you are sitting on top of the aircraft. For flight
simmers this brings a new problem as many of the controls are not visible in the default views.
TRACKIR AND MOVING V IEWPOINTS
By far the best solution is to use
a view system like TrackIR that
adds huge realism to this product
by panning your view as you
move your head and even
moving your viewpoint. If you
move your head sideways and
forwards, it allows you to look
UNDER some of our panels.
There is nothing that comes close
to this and we can’t advise this
enough. See below to see a view
that is only possible with one of
these devices.
Now we assume your joystick has
at least a pan option that allows you
to slew your view, but this might still hide some panels behind the throttle or the side stick. To solve this we advise
you to assign some of the buttons on your joystick to moving the viewpoint itself. When you are able to move the
view direction (standard on most joysticks) and the view position (as advised here) you have unlimited freedom.
Shown is the
assignment of a
secondary four-way
switch on the
joystick to the
movement of the
viewpoint. A fifth
switch is assigned to
a reset of the view
because it is very
easy to lose
orientation. The
movement is set to
repeat, the reset is
a single event.
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FSX VIEWS
The third way to navigate the panels is with the built in views of FSX. With the [s] key you select the main category
of view and with the [a] key you select the view inside that category. We assigned several special views to assist
you. The Tower, Runway and Outside views are FSX standard.


Cockpit
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Aircraft
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Cockpit (no obstructions)
Default view (HUD)
Centre Console
Left MFD
Left Aux Console
Left Console
ICP-DED
Right Aux Console
Right Console
Right MFD.
Tail
Nose
Right Wing
Left Wing
Landing Gear
Trail
Belly
CONSOLES, PANELS AND CONTROLS
There are 3 major cockpit layouts used in the F-16 and we included the two most used, the C-model and the MLUmodel. They differ in several panels but for some less important panels we chose to use only one version. It is not
always clear what mouse button to use on what control, so small graphics are added to help with this.
Left and right mouse buttons are used to use the control. Most of the time the left mouse
button will turn the control right and the right mouse button will turn it left
Only left mouse button is used to set the control. Most of the time this is used for simple 2
mode switches
Left mouse button depressed and move the mouse up and down are used for some
controls that have unlimited settings. For example the setting of the rudder pedals to suit
the length of your legs.
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MULTI FUNCTION DISPLAYS
The two large displays on both sides of the centre console are used for navigation and as the radar screen. The
MFDs are activated with the Avionics Power panel on the right console.
LEFT MFD (RADAR)
The left MFD is dedicated to the radar. It will be able to track all the AI aircraft that you see in the simulator. Only
targets in a 60 degree cone in front of the aircraft will be detected and when there are many targets the load on
the systems computer will increase a lot. Radar range can be cycled through 5, 10, 20 (default), 40 and 80 NM. All
targets will show a trail showing the history of the target hits. The active target will show red for 10 seconds and
always will show the attitude in thousands of feet above the radar dot.
Using the click zone on the display allows you to cycle through the targets and selects one as the ‘Locked’ target.
Information on this target will be shown on the display. Target Heading and Speed are shown, just as Aspect Angle
and Overtake Speed.
One of the more complex bits of information on this screen is the Aspect Angle. It has nothing to do with the
position of the target in relation to your heading but only shows the angle between the (extended) tail of the
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target and your position. If the indicated Aspect Angle is zero, you are directly behind the target (but you could be
flying any, even an opposite, heading). It is important in combat as you like to get this angle as small as possible to
avoid being detected and to increase your chances of hitting the target.
RIGHT MFD (NAVIGATION)
The right MFD has three main pages



HSI page - shows a large HSI that is a lot easier to use then the smaller HSI on the centre console.
SMS STORES page - shows the current stores that are underneath the aircraft and the Maximum G-load of
the current configuration. Exceed this load and things could break.
MAP page - Shows a moving map. Please note that display of Traffic is not fully realistic as it also shows
traffic that is outside the normal radar capability. This kind of information however is currently being sent
by other sources to many aircraft so in that aspect it is not fully impossible.
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HEADS UP DISPLAY
By far the most important display for the pilot is the HUD that allows the aircraft to be flown without having to
look at any other instrument. It is displayed on a thick plate of glass directly in front of the pilot. The HUD is
switched on with a control on the ICP (the top left wheel) and the HUD CONTROL panel on the left console where
you can select what is seen. The amount of information can be rather confusing and it is advised to slowly add
more elements as you get more hours in your log book.
STANDARD HUD
The standard HUD is used for normal flight and for initiating an intercept.
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INTERCEPT HUD
When you get closer to a radar locked target it is easier to switch to the intercept HUD. This HUD will show
automatically when a target is locked. To unlock the radar use the click zone in the radar.
When the A-A button in the ICP is pressed a different intercept HUD is shown that makes it easier to close and
track the locked target from shorter distances.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
LEFT AUX CONSOLE
The Left Aux Console holds most controls dealing with the wheels and brakes. The following panel parts do not
have functions on this console;
THREAT WARNING AUXILIARY PANEL
Panel not operational because it has no meaning in FSX.
CHAFF/ FLARE PANEL
Panel not operational because it has no meaning in FSX.
HELM MOUNT DISPLAY PANEL
Panel not operational because it has no meaning in FSX.
ALTERNATE GEAR DOWN CONTROL
Panel not operational.
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LANDING GEAR PANEL
This panel contains more than just the landing gear, but as the landing gear lever is the most obvious
control, it bears this name.
LANDING LIGHTS - Toggles Landing Lights
TAXI LIGHTS - Taxi lights located on the main gear doors
PARKING BRAKES – Toggles parking brake on/off
GEAR LEVER - Toggles gear (will light red when using in FSX + Xpack). Wheel lights will be green when gear
is down and locked
HOOK – Toggles tail hook extension
GEAR LIGHTS - The gear lights show green when down and locked and red when gear is in motion.
EMER STORES JETTISON - inop
GND JETT ENABLE - inop
BRAKES CANH 1 / CHAN 2 - inop
STORES CAT I / CAT III - inop
HORN SILENCER - inop
DN LOCK REL - inop
ACES-II EJECTION SEAT CONTROL
The ACES-II is the standard ejection seat in many US military aircraft. It’s known as a
Zero-Zero ejection seat meaning it can operate from zero altitude and zero airspeed.
Though highly complex in construction the actual use is limited to two controls, the
Firing Control handle (that is inop in our model) and the Ejection Control Safety Lever. When
in vertical position (with the right mouse button) the seat is secured, when in horizontal
position (left mouse button) the seat is operational. In flight the seat is always armed, when
the canopy is opened the seat needs to be secured.
SPEED BRAKE INDICATOR
The speed brake indicator shows a dotted pattern when retracted and a striped pattern when extended
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RIGHT AUX CONSOLE
The Right Aux console holds various instruments. The following panel parts have not been simulated:
EPU FUEL
We found it nearly impossible to simulate this section correctly and decided not to include it.
PFD
The Pilot Fault Display is not incorporated in this model.
LIQUID OXYGEN
The Oxygen Quantity Indicator shows the remaining litres of liquefied oxygen. As there is no system in FSX that
simulates this, the gauge is inop.
CLOCK
Even in a Fly-By-Wire aircraft as the F-16 there is a mechanical wind up clock. It also serves as a stopwatch but
because that’s rather hard to use we decided not to add that to the clock.
COMPASS
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When all your navigation sources fail you can always rely on the compass as it is a standard ‘whiskey’ compass that
does not need any electricity or vacuum source. Of course it has all the problems related to a standard compass,
for example it shows incorrect headings if the aircraft is slowing down or speeding up.
FUEL QUANTITY
The Fuel Quantity gauge shows the fuel remaining in the tanks. What is actually shown depends on the Fuel
Quantity knob on the Centre Console. The total remaining fuel is shown in the digital display.
CAUTION PANEL
The Caution Panel warns the pilot about system problems. When there are no systems in FSX that could trigger
these failures the lights are not used.
FLT CONT SYS
FWD FUEL LOW
AVIONICS
ANTI SKID
ADC
AFT FUEL LOW
AFT NOT ENGAGED
HOOK
LE FLAPS
OVERHEAT
RADAR ALT
NWS FAIL
CADC
EEC
EQUIP HOT
CABIN PRESS
ELEC SYS
BUC
IFF
OXY LOW
INLET ICING
FUEL OIL HOT
NUCLEAR
ENGINE FAULT
SEAT NOT ARMED
STORES CONFIG
PROBE HEAT
Problem in Flight Control Systems
Forward fuel tank too low
Indicates a general fault with the system avionics
Malfunction with the Anti-Skid (ABS)
Failure in pressure sensing/computation SYS or AOA SYS
Aft fuel tank too low
AUTO TF position selected on TF switch
Hook is not up and locked
LE FLAPS switch in LOCK or LED internal malfunction
Engine overheat condition
Malfunction of the radar altimeter
The nose wheel steering system has failed
CADC (Central Air Data Computer) internal malfunction
Engine alternator failed
Avionics equipment cooling air temperature/pressure insufficient
Problem with cabin pressure
Problem with electric bus system
BUC (Backup Fuel Control) selected and engine operating in BUC
Other aircraft will not be able to identify your electronically
Liquid oxygen is too low
Ice on wings or on engine inlet
Fuel or oil too hot
Malfunction in nuclear control circuits (only USA)
A loss of valid Mach data to the engine will degrade engine performance
ACES-II Seat is not armed
Stores configuration and CAT I/III switch are not true
Problem with the probe heat
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE
The Hydraulic Pressure indicators show the pressure in the two hydraulic systems. There are two versions (block
25,30/32 and Block 40/42, 50.52, MLU but the indication is the same. If these gauges show a total lack of pressure
your aircraft will be uncontrollable.
LEFT CONSOLE
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
The left console holds most and communication and electrical controls, all engine start and fuel controls and the
flight control panels. The following panels are not used at all in our simulation of the F-16.
ANTI G PANEL
Panel is non functional
AUDIO
Panel is non functional.
ELECTRONIC COUNTER M EASURE PANEL
Panel is non functional
EPU
The Emergency Power Unit provides hydraulic power to the aircraft for a period of up to 10 minutes. When normal
hydraulic pressure is not resumed in this period the aircraft will be uncontrollable. There is a gauge at the right aux
console showing the remaining Hydrazine fuel. Due to problems we found late in development this panel is non
operational
RECORDER PANEL
Panel is non functional
AUX COMS PANEL
We implemented only the channel setting and linked to the Transponder in FSX. Click with the left mouse to
set the transponder codes. Some important military routine codes:
0001 - High speed uncontrolled flight
4000 - FR Military training
7001 - Sudden climb out of low level military VFR (UK only)
7777 - Military intercept
CANOPY CONTROLS
The canopy is opened with a small switch above the Left Console.
The switch is locked with the “Octopus” that also serves as a
secondary securing latch. To open the canopy move the octopus up and
click the switch beneath it. To close and lock the canopy, click the switch
and lock with the octopus. In flight the Octopus always needs to be
down. On the C models the Canopy Switch is located more to the back,
over the ECU panel. The Canopy Jettison Handle and the Manual Canopy
Control are inop.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
ELECTRONIC
This panel contains the main power switch that determines if the aircraft systems run from any of the
electrical sources: Battery, Main Generator, Standby Generator or Emergency Power Unit. The status lights
show possible problems.
MAIN POWER



MAIN POWER - connects the engine generator to the system bus and battery to the battery bus
BATT - connects the battery to the system bus and battery bus, disconnects generator
OFF - Disconnects generator from aircraft systems
STATUS LIGHTS








FLCS PMG - FLCS not getting power
MAIN GEN - Main generator online or offline
STBY GEN - Standby Generator online or offline
EPU GEN - EPU on but not supplying power to essential busses
EPU PMG - - EPU on but not supplying power to all sections of FLCS
TO FLCS - Flight Control System no or low voltage
FLCD RLY - Flight Control System no or low voltage
FAIL - Aircraft battery failure
CAUTION RESET - inop
ENG START PANEL
The ignition panel is used to start the engine.
ENG CONT - Toggles automatic Ignition
JET FUEL STARTER - Starts the hydraulic engine that starts the engine rotation
AB RESET - inop
MAX POWER - inop
EXT LIGHTS PANEL
All external lights are controlled by this panel.
MASTER - Main power switch for all external lights
ANTI COL - Toggles strobe light (top of vertical tail)
WING/TAIL - Toggles navigation lights (wingtips, tail, and engine inlet)
FUSELAGE - Toggles formation lights (top, bottom)
FLASH/STEADY – inop
AERIAL REFUEL - inop
NORM/BRIGHT - Logo Lights (Formation lights)
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
The formation lights are supported by the logo lights in flight (see below). Please note that FSX has a very nasty
bug with lights that makes it impossible to position them accurately. Lights MOVE in relation to the centre of the
model when your view position moves. This is a limitation that could not be circumvented. Also note that the logo
lights are done as in standard FSX aircraft and are linked to the panel lights. This could not be avoided.
FLT CONTROL PANEL
The F-16 has a semi-automated flaps system that controls
both Leading Edge Flaps (LEF) and Trailing Edge Flaps (TEF).
Under normal conditions it is controlled by the Flight
Computers. It is however possible to manually extend the
Trailing Edge Flaps with the Alternate Flaps switch and to
‘lock’ the Leading Edge Flaps. Locking them simply means
they are not controlled by the system and stay in the
position they were in when the switch was set to LOCK. The
automated flap settings are shown here.
LE FLAPS LOCK - Locks Leading Edge Flaps in current
position
ALT FLAPS EXTEND - Trailing Edge Flaps extend to
20°
FUEL PANEL
The fuel panel holds most (but not all) controls related to fuel tanks and fuel pumps.
MASTER FUEL SWITCH
 MASTER - Opens the fuel shutoff valve
 OFF - Closes the fuel shutoff valve
ENG FEED
 OFF - Shuts down all electrical fuel pumps
 NORM - Activates all electrical fuel pumps (default use)
 AFT - Feeds from aft fuselage and left wing tank only
 FWD - Feeds from forward fuselage and right wing tank only
AIR REFUEL
 OPEN - Opens the refuel door on top of fuselage, opens all inter-tank connections and enables
refuel door lights. See the separate chapter on refuelling at the end of the manual
 CLOSED - Closes refuel door
TANK INERTING - inop
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
MANUAL TRIM PANEL
Although the F-16 is trimmed automatically there are trim controls for all three axes available on the manual
trim panel. In FSX the use of these trim controls will be needed because full support for a fly-by-wire system
is lacking. Control is most efficient when the mouse wheel is used.
ROLL TRIM – will trim either wing up or down
YAW TRIM – will trim the nose left or right
PITCH TRIM – will trim the nose up or down
TRIM/AP DISC - inop
NORMAL - inop
MANUAL TF FLYUP - inop
FLCS RESET - inop
BIT & BIT STATUS LIGHT - inop
TEST PANEL
This panel holds all the switches that are used to test warning lights and other systems. Most are not used in
our model.
MAL/IND will light up all warning lights
All others switches inop
UHF COMS PANEL
The UHF coms panel is used to set the coms radios and to set the ADF receiver.
Main Switch - Toggles receiver on/off
CHAN - Switches between com 1 and com 2
SET BUTTONS - Set the frequency of Com 1 or Com 2
VOL - inop
PRESET Switch - inop
SQUELCH - inop
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
CENTER CONSOLE
The centre console contains all of the most important gauges and controls. The most complex parts (HUD, DED, ICP
and MFD’s) are discussed in separate sections.
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
The airspeed indicator on the Centre Console is a backup of the speed indication on the HUD. It shows airspeeds
between 80 and 800 knots in Indicated Airspeed
ALTIMETER
The altimeter on the Centre Console is a backup of the altimeter on the HUD. The knob is used to set barometric
pressure, the MODE is inop. Normally a setting of 29,93 in.HG is set above 5000 feet
ANGLE OF ATTACK INDICATOR
This indicator shows the actual Angle of Attack. It is more precise than the AOA indexer lights.
ATTITUDE DIRECTION INDICATOR
This gauge shows the pitch and bank of the aircraft and also the ILS needles when an ILS signal is received.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
AOA INDEXER LIGHTS
The Angle Of Attack indexer lights on the left side of the HUD shows the ideal angle of attack for landing. If the
centre light is on it means the AOA is between 11 and 15 degrees, if the top one is on the AOA is too high, if the
bottom one is on it means the AOA is too low. The AOA indexer is only activated when the gear is down and the
aircraft not on the ground. There is a backup AOA indicator on the lower centre panel that is more robust and not
dependent on the more complex parts of the systems.
AUTO PILOT
The auto pilot systems in the F-16 are rather rudimentary with just pitch and roll controls. Please note you will
need to cycle through modes to get to a certain setting sometimes. To disengage the auto pilot from Bank
(Roll mode) or Attitude (Pitch mode) mode, move both switches to OFF.
Then either move the Roll mode switch from OFF to Heading mode and back to OFF, or move the Pitch mode
switch from OFF to Altitude and back to OFF. This is needed due to a limitation of FSX
ROLL



HEADING MODE - Holds heading set in HSI
OFF - Roll mode off
BANK MODE- Holds bank attitude
PITCH



ALTITUDE HOLD - Holds current altitude
OFF - Pitch mode off
ATTITUDE HOLD - Holds current pitch attitude
BACKUP ATTITUDE DIRECTION INDICATOR
As the Attitude Direction indicator is one of the most important gauges there is a backup ADI gauge that uses a
separate system. It does not show the ILS bars.
FUEL FLOW INDICATOR
The Fuel Flow Indicator shows the amount of fuel the engine is using in pounds per hour.
FUEL QUANTITY PANEL
Using the main rotary switch (using left and right mouse clicks) you can see the amount of fuel in the tank.
The EXT FUEL TRANS switch is inop






TEST - shows 6000 lbs in digits and both needles should point to 2,000 lbs
NORM - shows forward/right and aft/left remaining fuel
RSVR - shows the remaining fuel in the forward and aft tanks
INT WING - shows remaining fuel in the internal wing tanks
EXT WING - shows remaining fuel in the external wing tanks
EXT CENTER - shows remaining fuel in the external centre tanks
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR
The HSI indicator functions as in any standard aircraft and indicates your location in regards to radio beacons
that are being received.
INSTRUMENT MODE PANEL
The instrument mode panel holds two controls, but only one is active. The TACAN system is not implemented
at this moment.
MODE




ILS/TCN - navigation data from TACAN-ILS (dummy)
TCN - navigation data from TACAN (dummy)
NAV - navigation data from NAV 1/2
ILS/NAV - navigation data from NAV 1/2
MARKER BEACONS
The Marker beacon light will show when the aircraft is over a beacon. The colour indicates the kind of beacon.
Marker
Outer Marker
Middle Marker
Inner Marker
Short
OM
MM
IM
Distance
4.0 NM
0.6 NM
0.1 NM
Modulation
400 Hz
1.300 Hz
3.000 Hz
Ident
---.-........
Colour
Blue
Yellow
White
MASTER CAUTION
Whenever a caution is detected and a caution light is lit on the caution panel the Master Caution light will be lit pressing the Master caution will acknowledge the caution and the Master Caution light will switch off. Any new (or
remaining) caution condition will re- activate the caution again. Whenever a caution exists on the caution panel,
which has been acknowledged by pressing the Master Caution button, this caution can be "Recalled" by pressing
the Master Caution button again.
MISC ARMAMENT PANEL
Depending on the version this panel allows control of different systems
LASER ARM - Starts animation of laser pod
MASTER ARM - inop
ALT REL - inop
AF HORN - inop
ECM LIGHT - inop
AUTO TF - inop
HUD - inop
DRAG SHUTE - inop
VERTICAL VELOCITY INDICATOR
ADV MODE LIGHT (only Block 40/42, 50/52) - inop
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
NOSEWHEEL INDEXER LIGHTS
The three indexer lights on the right side are used for aerial refuelling and the correct light will be on when the
refuelling door on top of the fuselage is open, the middle light however also indicates that Nose Wheel steering is
available. It will light when the speed is below 60 knots. Over 60 knots nose wheel steering is deactivated.
PEDAL ADJUST
When you right click and drag the mouse the pedals will move backward and forward to suit your length.
VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR
The VVI shows the vertical speed of the aircraft. There are two versions, one with a needle (European) and one
with a vertical moving bar (US). This instrument is a backup of the primary VSI indicator on the HUD.
RIGHT CONSOLE
The following panels are not simulated in this model.
OXYGEN REGULATOR
Though FSX has functions for it we decided not to include this to reduce the complexity. Therefore this panel is not
simulated.
DATA TRANSFER UNIT
Before a flight the pilot will insert a Data Transfer Cartridge into the DATA TRANSFER UNIT. These cartridges hold
the navigation data and all other information the systems need for that flight. There is no function in FSX for this so
the panel is not functional.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
ANTI ICE / ANTENNA S ELECTOR PANEL
When the Engine anti ice switch is set to the ON position seventh-stage bleed air is directed to the fixed inlet guide
vanes and nose cone and the structural inlet electrical heater turns on. The AUTO function is not implemented.
The Antenna Selector switches are not functional.
NUCLEAR CONSENT
The actual use of this panel is a closely guarded secret but we’d just like to warn you NOT to activate this without
written and confirmed order.
AIR CONDITIONING
AIR SOURCE Controls the pressurization of the cockpit and fuel tanks. Use left and right mouse key to
operate.
 OFF - engine bleed air valves closed, no pressurization of any system (neither cockpit, neither
fuel tank)
 NORM - standard setting during flight, will keep cockpit pressurized and regulates temperature
 DUMP - operates cockpit pressure dump valve to make cockpit pressure equal to outside
pressure, is needed to open the cockpit
 RAM - engine bleed valves close, all cooling and pressurization systems off, ram air valve open
allows ram air to ventilate cockpit and avionics.
TEMP - Allows you to set a comfortable temperature.
AVIONICS POWER PANEL
The AVIONICS POWER holds the most important controls for the avionic systems. After you got electrics to
the busses you need to set these switches to activate the main displays.
INS SWITCH
 OFF - Deactivate INS
 CAL -This will initiate, calibrate and automatically switch to NORM after 6 minutes when
lat/lon is feed to DED
 IN FLT ALIGN - This will initiate a 1 minute calibration process
 NORM - Will immediate get lat/lon (default position in flight)
MFD - toggles MFDs on/off
UFC - toggles DED on/off
GPS - toggles internal GPS receiver
ST STA - toggles FSX NAV mode (GPS/NAV)
MMC - dummy
DL - dummy
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
HUD REMOTE CONTROL P ANEL
The HUD remote control panel determines what is shown on the HUD. Note there are two versions of this
panel, depending on the model.
VY VYH / VAH / OFF
 VY/VAH - display vertical velocity, velocity, altitude, heading plus Bank Angle Indicator
 VAH - display velocity, altitude and heading
 OFF - heading, velocity and altitude scales only as digital readouts
ATT / FPM / FPM / OFF
 ATM/FPM - display the Flight Path Marker and the Pitch Ladder
 FPM - display the Flight Path Marker
 OFF - no Flight Path Marker and Pitch Ladder
DED DATA / PFL / OFF
 DED DATA - displays DED data in the HUD
 PFL -displays Pilot Fault List data (only in block 40/42 current, 50/52)
 OFF - does not display DED data or Fault Lists data
CAS / TAS / GND SPD
 CAS - displays Calibrated Airspeed
 TAS - displays True Airspeed
 GND SPD - displays Ground Speed
ALT RADAR / BARO / AUTO
 ALT RADAR - displays radar altitude AGL (altitude above ground)
 BARO - displays altitude above MSN (sea level)
 AUTO - displays BARO above 1500 AGL, ALT RADAR below 1500 AGL
DAY/AUTO BRT/NIGHT
 DAY - full bright
 AUTO BRT - automatic brightness levelling
 NIGHT - sets half brightness
DEPR RET STB / PRI / OFF
Normally used to depress some information on the HUD. We use it to select the source for the steering
information on the HUD



STB - Selects NAV1
PRI - Selects NAV2
OFF - Selects GPS
TEST STEP / ON / OFF - inop
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
LIGHTING PANEL
The switches on this panel control the interior lighting and will activate the dimmed cockpit lights. We
linked all the switches to the same FSX command. There are two versions of this panel, with the MLU
version having additional controls that are all inop.
PRIMARY CONSOLES - toggles internal lights
PRIMARY INST PNL - toggles internal lights
FLOOD CONSOLES- toggles internal lights
FLOOD INST PNL - toggles internal lights
MAL IND LTS - inop
PRIMARY DED - inop
INDV LTG CONT - inop (only in MLU version)
NVIS - inop (only in MLU version)
SENSOR POWER MANAGEM ENT PANEL
The switches on this panel control the power to the fuselage hard points and the Fire Control system s.
These are not operational. This panel also controls the RADAR ALTIMETER using the left and right mouse
buttons. The system should be STANDBY or OFF when ground crew is near the aircraft but ON when you want the
HUD to display your altitude above ground.
RADAR ALT
 ON - activates the radar altimeter systems
 STBY - powers the radar altimeter systems but does not transmit
 OFF - switches the radar altimeter systems off
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
INTEGRATED CONTROL P ANEL & DATA ENTRY DISPLAY
The ICP is the main interface to most systems in the F-16. Many parts of it have no function in FSX or are classified
but we were able to include a lot of the functionality. The DED shows the information selected on the ICP on 5
lines of 25 characters.
ENTERING DATA
When you need to enter data you will first need to select the
correct line using the Cursor Movement switch. The active line
is shown with an * at the beginning and the end. When you
select the correct line enter the new data with the ICP Numeric
Keys and confirm with the ENT key. When you made a mistake
you can clear the whole line with the RCL key. On some screens
(BINGO and WAYPOINTS) the two way switch left of the Cursor
Movement switch can be used.
CAGE FLIGHT PATH MARKER
When this switch is activated the Flight Path Marker and everything attached to it (ILS needles, AoA bracket and
Pitch ladder) is caged. This means there is little or no left or right movement, this stabilized mode makes it easier
to use these HUD elements.
Note: in that mode, the HUD accurately shows climb / dive angle, and AoA. What is NOT accurate now is the flight
path marker with respect to the outside world, especially in azimuth. In other words the absolute link between the
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
flight path marker and the scenery is lost. Deviation between HUD horizon and the visible scenery horizon will be
greatest when AoA, sideslip, and angle of bank are high.
OVERRIDE BUTTONS
When none of the function override buttons are pushed, the DED will show the base screen as shown above. The
function buttons work like radio buttons so only one can be in (active). When you press the button that is in
(active) it will pop out and no function will be selected and the base DED screen will be displayed.






COM 1 - Displays the set COM 1 radio (please note the radio is set using the COMS RADIO panel)
COM 2 - Displays the set COM 2 radio (please note the radio is set using the COMS RADIO panel)
IFF- Displays a dummy IFF display
LIST - Shows a menu to access the options (see below)
A-A - switches the HUD to an AA mode.
A-G- inop
LIST PAGE
The list page is a menu to other options. You select these options with the ICP numeric keys.









1 DEST - Displays the data of the waypoints on your flight plan.
2 BINGO - Sets the bingo fuel level (see below).
The F-16 uses fuel at a very high rate, certainly at afterburner setting and it is very important to maintain
a close eye on your fuel load. To help you with this it is possible to set a ‘bingo’ fuel level. When y ou got
that much fuel left a warning will appear in your HUD. Normally you would set this level to the amount of
fuel needed to fly back to base from the furthest point in your flight plan. This level is set using the
standard ICP procedure (see above)
3 VIP - inop
4 NAV- Displays the NAV menu (see below)
On the navigation page you can set the frequencies for the two navigation radios and the course used by
these systems. Setting the frequencies and courses is done with the standard ICP procedure (see above)
5 MAN - inop
6 INS - Displays the Inertial Navigation System data. To show correct data the Inertial Navigation needs to
be activated when the aircraft is powered up.
8 MODE - inop
9 VRP - inop
MISC - Displays a secondary menu, none of this is used
HOW TO SHOW ILS BARS ON THE HUD
From the base DED page (so without any Override buttons depressed)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press LIST then 4 to select the NAV pages
Select NAV1 Frequency and enter the correct frequency
Select NAV1 Course and enter the correct course
Press LIST to come back to the DED base page
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the 1 (T-ILS) key
Check that the Frequency and CRS is correct on this page too
On Avionics power panel set the switch ST.STA to off
On the Nav mode selector select ILS/NAV (turn fully to the right)
When there is an active ILS transmission the ILS bars will now be active
SIDE STICK CONTROLLER, THROTTLE QUADRANT SYSTEM AND ANIMATION S
There are many special animations that have no real function but increase the realism of the cockpit.
SIDE STICK CONTROLLER
The side stick was one of the major innovations of the F-16. It was located to the side of the
cockpit so the full arm of the pilot could be supported making high G manoeuvres easier to
control. Furthermore the stick was almost fully static. It did not move as other controls in aircraft
did. It senses force applied to it and not movement. We added a tiny bit of animation to give the
user some feedback though. There are no controls on the side stick for the FSX pilot.
THROTTLE QUADRANT SYSTEM
There are several controls that are located on the Throttle Control.
Most are linked to weapons systems are not used in our model.







SPEEDBRAKES - The speed brakes are toggled with the
SPEED BRAKE CONTROL switch or with the spoiler
command of (FSX [/] on a standard keyboard). Speed
brake extension is shown on LEFT AUX panel. The speed
brakes are manual but will move automatically under
certain conditions; when the speed brakes are open when
the gear is extended, they will automatically partially
close (from 60% to 43%) to compensate for the drag of
the gear. When the nose wheel touches down the speed brakes are automatically fully extended.
CUTOFF RELEASE SWITCH - The small lever on the throttle prevents the throttle from being pulled all
the way into the fuel cut-off position inadvertently. When you click this switch the throttle will
advance to idle/starting 12% position. The throttle can now not be moved back until the small switch
is clicked (and your hardware throttle is fully closed). This will close the fuel lines and shut down the
engine.
COMMUNICATION SWITCH – inop
MANUAL RANGE / UNCAGE SWITCH – inop
DOGFIGHT / MISSILE OVERRIDE SWITCH – inop
ANTENNA ELEVATION – inop
CURSUR SWITCH - inop
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
JET STARTER DOORS
On the right side of the fuselage, under the wings are two small doors that open when the engine is started. These
doors allow additional air to stream into the engines.
RUDDER PEDAL SYSTEM
The whole pedal control system can be moved forward and backward
to suit the pilot with the pedal adjust lever. Drag this lever up and
down with the left mouse button. Please note there is NO movement
of the pedals when you control the aircraft on the ground (the pedals are not
used in flight) as it uses the same system as the stick. It measures force
applied to it, not movement. However we added a little movement so there is
some feedback to the user. The brake pedals will animate when the brakes
are applied.
ARM RESTS
Although a simple object, it is very important because it supports the right arm of the pilot under high Gloads. Left clicking moves it towards you, right clicking on the armrest will move it out of the way so you can
see the controls beneath it better. The rear arm moves up and down using the left and right mouse buttons when
clicked on the small lever on the structure that fixes the arm rest to the side. Animating the arm rests makes it
easier to see the panels below them without having to move the view point. The click zones are shown on the
image.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
OCTOPUS
The octopus locks the canopy and in many models hides
the canopy control switch. Always have the canopy down
when you fly. (See the left console section for more detail).
EJECTION CONTROL SAF ETY LEVER
The ejection seat is nothing more than a bomb/rocket that a pilot sits on. It is very important the systems are
locked when the aircraft is not being flown so unwanted deployment is impossible. The moment you are shutting
down the engine you flip this lever up and the system will be safe. The ground crew will always check this before
they reach inside the cockpit.
CANOPY
The canopy can be opened with the default [shift]-[e]-[1] command. It is more realistic to use the canopy
switch. Note the switch is either underneath the octopus or a bit further aft and that the canopy will only
open when the octopus is up.
PILOT VISOR
The Pilot Visor is linked to the default Water Rudder command [shift]-[w].
LASER PODS
Several of the targeting pods have animations that are triggered with the
Laser Arm switch. When switched on the pods will either start a scanning
animation or animate from the stored state to the active state (with the sensors
forward).
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
CONFIGURATOR
There are many controls that you need to set to fully be able to use many of the systems. And most of them
cannot be stored by FSX. So our good friend Finn made a simple to use configurator. When you press [SHIFT]-[2]
you get two images, the left shows the aircraft will all systems down in the hangar, the right one shows the aircraft
ready for take-off. Click the condition you want and all the systems will be set correctly.
MISSIONS
There are two exiting missions included that will test your skills. You will find them in the Aerosoft Flights section in
the Mission section. Both missions are self-explanatory. Just keep
in mind that it is probably a good idea to set Show captioning and
Compass + Pointer on in the Options | Settings | General dialog as
shown in the image here.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
IN-FLIGHT REFUELING
The F-16 is able to refuel in-flight using the fuel connector on top of the fuselage. In contrast to the system where
the receiving aircraft has to do most of the work, this refuelling system is fully controlled by the tanker aircraft
crew and the F-16 just as to be in the right location. As there is no true in-flight refuelling option in FSX we created
a system that allows the user to refuel from ANY airliner type aircraft. Just find one, manoeuvre in to the right
position and open the fuel door. If you stay in position long enough, your internal tanks will fill up. The correct
position is between 170 and 100 feet behind and between 15 and 30 feet below the ‘tanker’. The image shown
gives you a good example of what it should look like.
The three indexer lights right side of the HUD show your refuel status:



RDY - Refuel door open, ready to receive fuel
AR/NWS - Connected and receiving fuel
DISC - Refuel door open, but not connected yet
Please note that due to limitations of FSX refuelling is done in steps of 25% and only the internal tanks will be
filled.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
TWEAKING
We encourage people to alter this product and assist that process in many ways. Feel free to discuss this in our
forum.
MODEL CONFIGURATION FILES
Although it is NOT possible to change the visual model of the aircraft you can change the behavior of the aircraft.
The aircraft.cfg files for each model actually contain the information for ALL
the models and we simply disable the lines that should not be used. Take
the weight and balance section for example. If you look at model shown
on this page you will see that is has a variety of external missiles, tanks
and target pods. In the aircraft.cfg this is shown like this:
[WEIGHT_AND_BALANCE]
max_number_of_stations = 11
station_load.0= 220.0, 13.50, 0.00, 1.60, Pilot
station_load.1= 335.0, 0.00, -16.70, 0.00, AIM-120 AAMRAM
// Station 1
station_load.2= 192.7, 0.00, -13.50, -1.75, AIM-2000 IRIS-T
// Station 2
station_load.3= 461.0, 0.00, -7.50, -2.25, EX-TANK 370
// Station 4
station_load.4= 440.0, 0.00, 1.00, -4.00, AN/AAQ-33 Sniper
// Station 5R
station_load.5= 461.0, 0.00, 7.50, -2.25, EX-TANK 370
// Station 6
station_load.6= 192.7, 0.00, 13.50, -1.75, AIM-2000 IRIS-T
// Station 8
station_load.7= 335.0, 0.00, 16.70, 0.00, AIM-120 AAMRAM
// Station 9
// station_load.X= 335.0, 0.00, -16.70, 0.00, AIM-120 AAMRAM
// Station 1
// station_load.X= 195.0, 0.00, -16.70, 0.00, AIM-9 Sidewinder
// Station 1
// station_load.X= 195.0, 0.00, -16.70, 0.00, SmokeWinder
// Station 1
// station_load.X= 192.7, 0.00, -13.50, -1.75, AIM-2000 IRIS-T
// Station 2
// station_load.X= 335.0, 0.00, -13.50, -1.75, AIM-120 AAMRAM
// Station 2
// station_load.X= 195.0, 0.00, -13.50, -1.75, AIM-9 Sidewinder
// Station 2
// station_load.X= 500.0, 0.00, -13.50, -1.75, GBU-12 Paveway II
// Station 2
// station_load.X= 807.0, 0.00, -10.50, -2.00, AGM-88A HARM
// Station 3
// station_load.X= 611.0, 0.00, -10.50, -2.00, GBU-12 Paveway II
// Station 3
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
// station_load.X= 461.0, 0.00, -7.50, -2.25, EX-TANK 370
// Station 4
// station_load.X= 450.0, 0.00, -2.75, 2.00, Conf. Fuel Tank
// Station 5TL
// station_load.X= 674.0, 0.00, -0.00, -4.00, AN/ALQ-131 ECM Pod
// Station 5
// station_load.X= 635.0, 0.00, -0.00, -4.00, AN/ALQ-184 ECM Pod
// Station 5
// station_load.X= 354.0, 0.00, -0.00, -4.00, EX-TANK 300
// Station 5
// station_load.X= 440.0, 0.00, 0.00, -4.00, AN/AAQ-33 Sniper
// Station 5R
// station_load.X= 450.0, 0.00, 0.00, -4.00, AN/AAQ-28 Litening
// Station 5R
// station_load.X= 100.0, 0.00, 0.00, -4.00, AN/ASQ-213 HTS
// Station 5R
// station_load.X= 450.0, 0.00, 2.75, 2.00, Conf. Fuel Tank
// Station 5TR
// station_load.X= 461.0, 0.00, 7.50, -2.25, EX-TANK 370
// Station 6
// station_load.X= 611.0, 0.00, 10.50, -2.00, GBU-12 Paveway II
// Station 7
// station_load.X= 807.0, 0.00, 10.50, -2.00, AGM-88A HARM
// Station 7
// station_load.X= 611.0, 0.00, 13.50, -1.75, GBU-12 Paveway II
// Station 8
// station_load.X= 123.0, 0.00, 13.50, -1.75, ACMI Pod
// Station 8
// station_load.X= 123.0, 0.00, 13.50, -1.75, FPR Pod
// Station 8
// station_load.X= 195.0, 0.00, 13.50, -1.75, AIM-9 Sidewinder
// Station 8
// station_load.X= 335.0, 0.00, 13.50, -1.75, AIM-120 AAMRAM
// Station 8
// station_load.X= 192.7, 0.00, 13.50, -1.75, AIM-2000 IRIS-T
// Station 8
// station_load.X= 123.0, 0.00, 16.70, 0.00, ACMI Pod
// Station 9
// station_load.X= 123.0, 0.00, 16.70, 0.00, FPR Pod
// Station 9
// station_load.X= 195.0, 0.00, 16.70, 0.00, SmokeWinder
// Station 9
// station_load.X= 195.0, 0.00, 16.70, 0.00, AIM-9 Sidewinder
// Station 9
// station_load.X= 335.0, 0.00, 16.70, 0.00, AIM-120 AAMRAM
// Station 9
All the lines starting with // are not used by FSX but if you’d like to make the aircraft fly as it would with an external
center tank it is easy to take this line:
// station_load.X= 354.0, 0.00, -0.00, -4.00, EX-TANK 300
// Station 5
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
and add it to the active section with the // removed. The stations that can be used are shown here. Note the two
stations ON TOP of the fuselage; they are only for the conformal fuselage tanks.
The same is true for other sections, for example the fuel section looks like this:
[FUEL]
fuel_type
= 2
number_of_tank_selectors = 1
electric_pump
= 1
fuel_dump_rate
= 0.00185
LeftAux
= 0.00, -5.50, 0.00, 82.5, 0.0
// F-16 Left WingTank
RightMain
= 5.00, 0.00, 0.00, 442.5, 0.0
// F-16 Forward Main Tank
LeftMain
= -5.00, 0.00, 0.00, 442.5, 0.0
// F-16 Aft Main Tank
RightAux
= 0.00, 5.50, 0.00, 82.5, 0.0
// F-16 Right Wing Tank
// Center3
= 0.00, 0.00, -3.75, 300.0, 0.0
// Center External Drop Tank
// LeftAux
= 0.00, -7.14, -1.84, 452.5, 0.0
// Left Wing + External Drop Tank
// RightAux
= 0.00, 7.14, -1.84, 452.5, 0.0
// Right Wing + External Drop Tank
// LeftAux
= 0.00, -3.49, 1.46, 307.5, 0.0
// Left Wing + Conformational Fuel Tank
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
// RightAux
= 0.00, 3.49, 1.46, 307.5, 0.0
// Right Wing + Conformational Fuel Tank
Again you see that all possible tanks are included and we just disabled some of the tanks.
FSX has serious problems with lights (as noted in other sections of this manual) and some of these problems are
solved by A2A’s Redux lights. And they are more than a fix as they look really nice and we advise you to use them.
We provided the configuration files for them to make it easy to use them. In every aircraft.cfg you will find the
correct light locations with // in front of that line. Just remove those //s and add //s to the beginning of the original
lights locations. Follow the Redux manual for any additional step needed.
http://www.a2asimulations.com/store/shockwavelights/
DIFFERENT MODELS
Although we feel a generous selection of models is supplied we realize that there are dozens more that are
possible and you would like a model that is not included. Please come to our forum and let us know what you ’d
like to see. We make no promises, but there will be more layouts. We do NOT intend to provide duo versions or
some of the more exotic versions though.
PAINTKIT
A fully documented paint kit is available to registered customers. We have a section on our forum available to
discuss, share and request liveries.
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
FAQ
Q: I want to shoot and bomb stuff.
A: Sorry, very early in the project development we decided to keep this about flying and not about fighting. Not
only because we think FSX should not be seen as a combat sim but also because there are many things that are
technically impossible or would require a lot of additional resources to complete.
Q: The afterburner does not look as I expect it to be.
A: With the release of FSX SP2, FSK ESP and FSX Acceleration things with effects and lights have not become
easier. An afterburner effect that works on all models seems nearly impossible so we decide to go for an
afterburner that does not rely on effects but is modelled. Also keep in mind that on the real aircraft the visual
effect can differ hugely due to environmental light, moisture and temperature levels. These cannot be modelled in
FSX.
Q: The speed brakes extend fully before retracting.
A: This was an issue that cannot be avoided without losing the partial retraction when the gear extends.
Q: The external lights are placed incorrectly.
A: Indeed. FSX has problems keeping lights in position. If you change your viewpoint the light will move as well in
relation to the aircraft. One of the nastiest bugs in FSX but there is nothing that can be done. We tried keeping
them in the aircraft.cfg and we tried adding them to the MDL but it all is the same. The closer to the centre of the
model the worse the problem is so the fuselage lights have most problems. You will also notice how the shine
THROUGH the model (in this case inside the engine air inlet) -- another bug in the effects modelling.
Q: Why are there no things like blocks, generators etc when I apply the parking brakes?
A: For one simple reason: even when not shown they would add code to the MLD files and we decided to use ANY
bit possible on the aircraft itself.
Q: Why am I overstressing the aircraft all the time?
A: Contradictory to what most people think the flight computers do not prevent this. Under ideal (or rather less
ideal) conditions it is possible to pull so much G that even a clean and empty F-16 will break. When you have
stores underneath your aircraft you might be in Cat III conditions and limited to 5.5 G. Exceed that and there is a
good chance you will break parts of the aircraft. When in doubt check the stores screen on the MFD to see what
your maximum G load is.
For an updated FAQ see our forum: http://www.forum.aerosoft.com/index.php?showforum=141
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
F-16 PROCEDURES / CHEC KLIST
COCKPIT INTERIOR CHECK
[ ] PARKING BRAKE
SET
[ ] ALT FLAPS
NORM
[ ] LE FLAPS
AUTO
[ ] TRIM CONTROLS
CENTER
[ ] FUEL MASTER
MASTER (guard down)
[ ] ENG FEED
NORM
[ ] AIR REFUEL
CLOSE
[ ] EXT LIGHTS
AS REQUIRED
[ ] MASTER LIGHT
AS REQUIRED
[ ] LANDING TAXI LIGHT
AS REQUIRED
[ ] HOOK
OFF
[ ] MASTER ARM
OFF
[ ] LASER ARM
OFF
[ ] LANDING TAXI LIGHT
AS REQUIRED
[ ] FUEL QTY SEL
NORM
[ ] SNSR PWR
OFF
[ ] INTERIOR LIGHT
AS REQUIRED
[ ] AIR SOURCE
NORM
[ ] AVIONICS POWER
OFF
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
BEFORE START
[ ] MAIN POWER
BATT
[ ] Verify FLCS RELAY light
OFF
[ ] MAIN POWER SWITCH
MAIN PWR
[ ] Verify FLCS RELAY light
OFF
[ ] Verify TOFLCS light
ON
[ ] Verify ELEC SYS light
ON
[ ] Verify SEC light
ON
[ ] Verify HYD/OIL light
ON
[ ] MASTER CAUTION light
RESET
ENGINE START
[ ] THROTTLE
IDLE (full back)
[ ] JFS
START 1
[ ] Verify RPM
Over 20%
[ ] THROTTLE
TOGGLE IDLE DETENT
[ ] Verify RPM
IDLE
[ ] THROTTLE
BACK TO IDLE
[ ] Verify HYD/OIL light
Check Off
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
AFTER ENGINE START
[ ] INS
NORM
[ ] SENSOR POWER
ALL ON
[ ] AVIONICS POWER
ON
[ ] HUD + HUD MODES
ON and SET
ENGINE CHECK
[ ] Verify FUEL FLOW
500…1500 PPM
[ ] Verify RPM
60%...70%
[ ] Verify FTIT
< 575
[ ] Verify HYD/OIL lights
ALL OFF
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
BEFORE TAXI
[ ] MASTER MODE
NAV
[ ] MASTER ARM
SAFE
[ ] RADAR
OFF
[ ] Verify GEAR
DOWN/LOCKED/GREEN
[ ] LANDING LIGHTS
ON
[ ] EJECTION SEAT
ARM
[ ] CAUTION LIGHTS
ALL OFF
[ ] FLIGHT CONTROLS
CHECK FREE
[ ] CONTACT TOWER
REQUEST TAXI
[ ] NOSEWHEEL STEERING INDEXER light
Check on
TAXI
[ ] LIGHTS
CHECK
[ ] PARKING BRAKE
RELEASE
[ ] SPEEDBRAKE
CHECK CLOSED
[ ] SPEED
20 KTS MAX
[ ] FUEL FLOW
CHECK
[ ] BRAKES
TEST
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
BEFORE TAKE OFF
[ ] AIRPORT ELEVATION
NOTE & CHECK
[ ] HUD
CHECK
[ ] TRIM
CHECK NEUTRAL
[ ] SEAT
CHECK ARMED
[ ] RADAR ALT
ON
TAKE OFF
[ ] POWER
FULL MIL (AB WHEN NEEDED)
[ ] CAUTION / ENGINE
OFF / GREEN
[ ] AIRSPEED 150 KTS
ROTATE
[ ] POSITIVE CLIMB
MAINTAIN 10 DEGREES POSITIVE
[ ] GEAR
IN
[ ] SPEED
> 200 KTS
APPROACH (see illustration)
[ ] RADIO TOWER (20 NM OUT)
CALL INBOUND
[ ] DED / HUD mode
ILS
[ ] MASTER ARM
OFF
[ ] FUEL
CHECK
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
BEFORE LANDING
[ ] RADIO TOWER (5 NM OUT)
GET CLEARANCE
[ ] DED / HUD
CHECK FOR ILS
[ ] LANDING LIGHT
ON
[ ] SPEED
< 250 KTS
[ ] GEAR
DOWN / LOCKED / 3 GREEN
[ ] SPEEDBRAKE
FULLY DEPLOYED
FINAL
[ ] AOA
13° (green)
[ ] SPEED
< 150 KTS
[ ] GEAR
CHECK DOWN
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
AFTER LANDING
[ ] SPEED
DECREASING
[ ] AOA
MAINTAIN AERO BRAKING
[ ] SPEED 80 KTS
ENGAGE BRAKES
[ ] SPEED 30 KTS
VACATE RUNWAY
[ ] DED
ILS MODE OFF
[ ] CAUTION
CHECK ALL OFF
[ ] SPEEDBRAKE
OFF
[ ] RADAR ALT
OFF
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Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
SHUT DOWN
[ ] PARKING BRAKES
SET
[ ] EJECTION SEAT
SAFE
[ ] HUD
OFF
[ ] SENSOR POWER
ALL OFF
[ ] AVIONICS POWER
ALL OFF
[ ] THROTTLE
TOGGLE IDLE DETENT
[ ] FUEL PUMPS
OFF
[ ] RPM
CHECK DECREASING
[ ] MASTER LIGHT
OFF
[ ] AIR SOURCE
OFF
[ ] MASTER FUEL
OFF
[ ] MAIN POWER
OFF
[ ] RAYBAN
ON
[ ] COOL ATTITUDE
ACHIEVED
Page 56 of 57
Aerosoft F-16 Fighting Falcon 1.10 Manual
Page 57 of 57
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