TURNIGY Manual for Brushless Speed Controller

TURNIGY Manual for Brushless Speed Controller
121109.1
TURNIGY Manual for Brushless Speed Controller
This manual is ONLY suitable for SENTILON-80A-HV and SENTILON-100A-HV Electronic Speed Controller!
Thanks for purchasing our Electronic Speed Controller (ESC). High power system for RC model can be very dangerous, so we
strongly suggest you read this manual carefully. In that we have no control over the correct use, installation, application, or
maintenance of our products, no liability shall be assumed nor accepted for any damages, losses or costs resulting from the
use of the product. Any claims arising from the operating, failure or malfunctioning etc. will be denied. We assume no liability
for personal injury, property damage or consequential damages resulting from our product or our workmanship. As far as is
legally permitted, the obligation to compensation is limited to the invoice amount of the affected product.
【Features】
1. Use extreme low resistance PCB to make the whole ESC with super current endurance capability.
2. Military standard capacitors with extreme low resistance increase the ability for preventing unwanted RF Noise/ Interference.
3. Protection features: Low-voltage cutoff protection / over-heat protection / throttle signal lost protection.
4. 3 start modes: Normal / Soft / Super-Soft, compatible with fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter models.
5. Throttle range can be configured, fully compatible with all market available transmitters.
6. Smooth and accurate speed control, excellent throttle linearity.
7. Maximum speed: 210000 RPM (2 poles motor), 70000 RPM (6 poles motor), 35000 RPM (12 poles motor).
8. Pocket- sized program card can be purchased separately for extremely easy programming of the ESC at the field.
【Specification】
Class
Model
Cont.
Current
Burst Current
(>10s)
BEC
Mode
BEC
Output
Battery Cell
Li-Po
NiMH/NiCd
User
Programmable
Weight
Size
L*W*H
80A
Sentilon-80-HV
80A
100A
N/A
N/A
5-10
15-30
Available
125g
78*55*18
100A
Sentilon-100-HV
100A
120A
N/A
N/A
5-12
15-36
Available
112g
78*55*15
【Wiring Diagram】
Note: There are 2 control wires on the HV controller. The longer one is close to the positive battery wire, which is connected with the
receiver, and the shorter one is close to the negative battery wire, which can be connected with the program card to set the
programmable parameters of the controller.
【Anti-Spark Circuit】
There is a pair of bullet connectors and a thin red wire attached with the positive input wire (red color, thick) of the ESC. They are used to
eliminate sparks when the battery pack is connecting with the ESC. Please use it in the following sequence:
1.
Disconnect the bullet connectors on the positive input wire (red color, thick) of the ESC.
2.
Connect battery wires to the ESC.
3.
Connect the bullet connectors on the positive input wire (red color, thick) of the ESC as soon as you hear the special tone “♪123”.
【Feature Explanation】
1. Brake:Brake Enabled / Brake Disabled, default is Brake Disabled
2. Battery Type:Li-xx(Li-ion or Li-po) / Ni-xx(NiMh or Nicd),default is Li-xx.
3. Low Voltage Protection Mode(Cutoff Mode):Soft Cutoff (Gradually reduces the output power) or Hard Cutoff (Immediately stops
the output power), default is Soft Cutoff.
4. Low Voltage Protection Threshold(Cutoff Threshold):Low / Medium / High, default is Medium.

For Li-xx battery,the number of battery cells are calculated automatically,low / medium / high cutoff voltage for each cell are:
2.6V/2.85V/3.1V. For example: 10 cells Lipo, when medium cutoff voltage is set, the cutoff voltage is: 2.85*10=28.5V.

For Ni-xx battery, low / medium / high cutoff voltages are 0%/45%/60% of the startup voltage (i.e. the initial voltage of battery
pack), 0% means the low voltage protection function is disabled. For example:20 cells NiMH battery, fully charged voltage is
1.44*20=28.8V, when “Medium” value is set, the cutoff voltage is: 28.8*45%=12.96V。
5. Start Mode:Normal /Soft /Super-soft, default is Normal startup.
Normal is suitable for fixed-wing aircraft. Soft and Super-soft are suitable for helicopters. The initial speed of Soft and Super-soft
mode is very slow, it will take 3 seconds (Soft startup) or 6 seconds (Super-soft startup) from startup to full speed. But if the motor is
running, then the throttle is closed (throttle stick is moved to bottom) and opened again (throttle stick is moved upwards) within 3
seconds, the restart will be temporarily changed to normal mode to get rid of the chances of crash caused by slow throttle response
in aerobatic fly.
6. Timing:Low / Medium / High, default is Low.
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121109.1
TURNIGY Manual for Brushless Speed Controller
In normal cases, Low or Medium timing can be suitable for most motors. In order to get higher speed, try the High timing value.
Note: After you changing the timing setting, please test your RC model on ground firstly!
【Begin To Use The New ESC】
Before using your new ESC, please check all the connections to make sure that they are reliable, and then start up the ESC in the
following sequence:
1.
Move the throttle stick to bottom, and then switch on the transmitter.
2.
Connect the receiver battery pack (4-6V) to the receiver, and then connect the main power battery pack to ESC, the ESC begins
the self-test process, and the motor will emit several “beep” tones to represent the number of lithium battery cells. After 2 seconds a
long “beep------”tone will be emitted, which means the self-test is OK, and now the RC model is ready to go flying.

If nothing is happened, please check your battery packs and all the connections;

If a special tone “
” is emitted after 2 beep tones (beep-beep-), means the ESC has entered the program mode, i.e. the
throttle channel of your transmitter is reversed, please set it correctly on the transmitter;

If a very rapid “beep-beep-, beep-beep-” tone is emitted (The time interval of each “beep-beep-” tone is 1 second), means the
input voltage is too low or too high, please check your battery’s voltage.
3.
VERY IMPORTANT! Because different transmitter has different throttle range, you need to use the “Throttle Range Setting
Function” to calibrate the throttle range. Please read the instructions on page 2------“Throttle Range Setting”.
【Alert Tone】
1. Input voltage abnormal alert tone: The ESC begins to check the voltage of battery pack when it is power on, if the voltage is not in
the acceptable range, such an alert tone will be emitted: “beep-beep-, beep-beep-, beep-beep-” (Every “beep-beep-” has a time
interval about 1 second)
2. Throttle signal abnormal alert tone: When the ESC can’t detect the normal throttle signal, such an alert tone will be emitted: “beep-,
beep-, beep-”. (Every “beep-” has a time interval about 2 seconds)
3. Throttle stick is not at its bottom position alert tone: When the throttle stick is not in the bottom (lowest) position, a very rapid alert
tone will be emitted: “beep-, beep-, beep-”. (Every “beep-” has a time interval about 0.25 second.)
【Protection Function】
1. Start up protection: If the motor failed to start up in 2 seconds while the throttle stick is being moved up, the ESC will cut off the
output power. In this case, the throttle stick MUST be moved to bottom again to restart the motor. (Such a situation happens in the
following cases: The connection between ESC and motor is not reliable, propeller is blocked, gearbox is damaged, etc.)
2. Over-heat protection: When the temperature of ESC is higher than a factory-preset value, the ESC will reduce the output power.
3. Throttle signal lost protection: The ESC will reduce the output power if the throttle signal is lost for 1 second, further lost for totally 2
seconds will cause its output to be completely cut off.
【Normal Startup Procedure】
Switch on the
transmitter, and
then move the
throttle stick to
bottom position
Connect the battery
pack to ESC, a special
tone like “ 123” will
be emitted, means the
power supply is OK
Several “beep-” tones will
be emitted to represent
the number of lithium
battery cells
When self-test is
finished,
a
long
“beep—” tone will
be emitted
Ready to go
flying now
Please note that we use a special way to represent the number of lithium battery cells: 1 long “beep—” = 5 short “beep-”.
For example, 2 long “beep—” plus 2 short “beep-” (Beep—Beep—BB) means a 12 cells lithium battery pack, 1 long “beep—” plus 1
short “beep-” (Beep—B) means a 6 cells lithium battery pack.
【Throttle Range Setting】 Throttle range should be reset when a new transmitter is being used
Switch on the
transmitter,
and move the
throttle stick
to top position
Connect
the
battery pack to
the ESC, and
then wait for
about 2 seconds
【Trouble Shooting】
Trouble
After power on, motor can’t work, no
sound is emitted
After power on, motor can’t work, such
an alert tone is emitted:
“beep-beep-, beep-beep-,beep-beep-”
(Every “beep-beep-” has a time interval
about 1 second)
After power on, motor can’t work, such
an alert tone is emitted:
“beep-, beep-, beep- ”(Every “beep-” has
a time interval about 2 seconds)
After power on, motor can’t work, such a
alert tone is emitted:
“beep-, beep-, beep-” (Every “beep-” has
a time interval about 0.25 second)
“Beep-beep-” tone will
be emitted, means the
highest point of the
throttle range has been
correctly confirmed
Move the throttle stick to the
bottom position, and then
several “beep-” tones will be
emitted to represent the
number of Lipo battery cells
A long “Beep-” tone will be
emitted, means the lowest
point of the throttle range
has
been
correctly
confirmed.
Possible Reason
The connection between battery
pack and ESC is not OK
Input voltage is abnormal, too high
or too low
Action
Check the power connection.
Replace the connector.
Check the voltage of battery pack
Throttle signal is abnormal
Check the receiver and transmitter
Check the cable of throttle channel
Throttle stick is not in its bottom
position (Lowest position).
Move the throttle stick to bottom
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121109.1
TURNIGY Manual for Brushless Speed Controller
After power on, motor can’t work, a
special tone “
” is emitted after 2
beep tone (beep-beep-)
The motor runs in opposite direction
The motor stop running while in working
state
The direction of throttle channel is
reversed, so the ESC has entered
the program mode
The connection between ESC and
the motor need to be changed.
Throttle signal is lost
ESC has entered Low Voltage
Protection mode
Some Connections are not reliable
Set the direction of throttle channel correctly
Swap any two wire connections between ESC and
motor
Check the receiver and transmitter
Check the cable of throttle channel
Land RC model as soon as possible, and then
replace the battery pack
Check all the connections: battery pack connection,
throttle signal cable, motor connections, etc.
【 Program The ESC With Transmitter (4 Steps)】
2. Select programmable items
1.
Enter program mode
After entering program mode, you can hear 9 tones in a loop in the
2.
Select programmable items
3.
Set item value (Programmable value)
4.
Exit program mode
following sequence. If you move the throttle stick to bottom within 3
seconds after one kind of tones, then this item will be selected.
1. Enter program mode
1)
Switch on transmitter, move throttle stick to top
position, connect the battery pack to ESC
2)
Wait for 2 seconds, the motor will emit special
tone like “beep-beep-”
3)
Wait for another 5 seconds, special tone like
“
” will be emitted, which means
program mode is entered
1.
“beep”
Brake
(1 short tone)
2.
“beep-beep-”
Battery type
(2 short tone)
3.
“beep-beep-beep-”
Cutoff mode
(3 short tone)
4.
“beep-beep-beep-beep-”
Cutoff threshold
(4 short tone)
5.
“beep—”
Startup mode
(1 long tone)
6.
“beep—beep-”
Timing
7.
“beep—beep-beep-”
Lipo battery cells (1 long 2 short)
8.
“beep—beep-beep-beep-” Set all to default
(1 long 3 short)
9.
“beep—beep—”
(2 long tones)
(1 long 1 short)
Exit
Remark: 1 long “beep—” = 5 short “beep-”
3. Set item value
4. Exit program mode
You will hear tones in loop. Set the value matching to a tone by moving throttle stick to top when
There are 2 ways to exit
you hear the tone , then a special tone “
program mode.
” emits which means the value is set and saved.
(Keeping the stick at top, you will go back to step 2 and you can select other items; Moving the
1.
special tone “
stick to bottom within 2 seconds, you will exit the programming mode directly)
Tones
beep-
beep-beep-
Items
1 short tone
2 short tones
Brake
Off
On
Battery type
Li-ion / Li-Po
NiMH / NiCd
Cutoff mode
Soft Cutoff
Hard Cutoff
Low
Medium
High
Normal
Soft
Super soft
Low
Medium
High
Cutoff threshold
Startup mode
Timing
Li-Po cells number
”,
move throttle stick to
beep-beep-beep beep-beep-beep...
3 short tones
In the step 3, after
the bottom within 2
N short tones
seconds.
2.
In step 2, after tone
“ beep—beep— ”
(Item
#9),
move
throttle stick to the
bottom
within
3
seconds.
N beep tones represent N cells Lipo battery (N ≤ 4 means “Auto Detect”)
Note:
1.
It very important to set the Li-Po battery cells number correctly, otherwise the ESC will mistakenly calculate the cut off voltage.
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121109.1
TURNIGY Manual for Brushless Speed Controller
2.
In “Li-Po cells number” setting process, 1 long “beep—” = 5 short “beep-”. For example, 2 long “beep—” plus 2 short “beep-” means
a 12 cells lithium battery pack, 1 long “beep—” plus 1 short “beep-” means a 6 cells lithium battery pack.
3.
If you are using lithium battery pack, we strongly suggest setting the “Li-Po cells number” manually. The voltage of a full charged
lithium battery pack is greatly different from that of a discharged battery pack, the more cells a battery pack have, the more difficult
for the ESC to automatically detect the cells number accurately.
【How To Use A Program Card】
When you are using a program card to set the programmable values of SENTILON-80A-HV or SENTILON-100A-HV ESC, please check
the version of the program card. If there isn’t a 3 pin socket marketed with “BATT” on the right conner, it means it is an old version
program card, so a “Y” cable is necessary for powering the program card. If If there is a 3 pin socket marketed with “BATT”, it means it is
a new version program card, so the “Y” cable is unnecessary. For detail information, please refer to the user manual of the program card.
The following picture shows the connections of a new version program card and the HV controller.
When using a program card to program the SENTILON series HV ESC, the “Music/Li-Po cell” item now means the lithium battery cells
number. (● = LED is lighting)
LED
Li-Poly Cells Number
D
C
B
A
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
LED
Li-Poly Cells Number
D
C
B
A
Auto detect
●
○
○
○
9 CELLS (33.3V)
●
Auto detect
●
○
○
●
10 CELLS (37.0V)
●
○
Auto detect
●
○
●
○
11 CELLS (40.7V)
○
●
●
Auto detect
●
○
●
●
12 CELLS (44.4V)
○
●
○
○
5 CELLS (18.5V)
●
●
○
○
Auto detect
○
●
○
●
6 CELLS (22.2V)
●
●
○
●
Auto detect
○
●
●
○
7 CELLS (25.9V)
●
●
●
○
Auto detect
○
●
●
●
8 CELLS (29.6V)
●
●
●
●
Auto detect
【Program Example】
In the following example, we set the startup mode to “super-soft”, i.e. value #3 in program item #5
1. Enter Program Mode
Switch on transmitter, move throttle stick to top, connect battery packs to receiver and ESC, wait for 2 seconds, “beep-beep” tone will
be emitted. Then wait another 5 seconds, special tone like “
” will be emitted, means program mode is entered.
2. Select Programmable Items
Now you’ll hear 9 tones in loop. When a long “beep—” tone is emitted, move throttle stick to bottom to enter the “Startup Mode” item.
3. Set Item Value (Programmable Value)
“Beep-”, wait for 3 seconds; “Beep-beep-”, wait for another 3 seconds; then you’ll hear “beep-beep-beep”, move throttle stick to top,
then a special tone “
” is emitted, now you have successfully set the “Startup Mode” item to the value of “Super-soft Startup”
4. Exit Program Mode
After the special tone “
”, move throttle stick to bottom within 2 seconds.
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