Fluke Corporation Fluke 116 HVAC Multimeter Manual

Fluke Corporation Fluke 116 HVAC Multimeter Manual
®
116
True-rms Multimeter
Users Manual
PN 2538688
July 2006, Rev. 1, 2/07
© 2006, 2007 Fluke Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in China
All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.
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LIMITED WARRANTY AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
This Fluke product will be free from defects in material and workmanship for three
years from the date of purchase. This warranty does not cover fuses, disposable batteries, or damage from accident, neglect, misuse, alteration, contamination, or abnormal conditions of operation or handling. Resellers are not authorized to extend any
other warranty on Fluke’s behalf. To obtain service during the warranty period, contact
your nearest Fluke authorized service center to obtain return authorization information,
then send the product to that Service Center with a description of the problem.
THIS WARRANTY IS YOUR ONLY REMEDY. NO OTHER WARRANTIES, SUCH AS
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. FLUKE
IS NOT LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES, ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE OR THEORY. Since
some states or countries do not allow the exclusion or limitation of an implied warranty
or of incidental or consequential damages, this limitation of liability may not apply to
you.
Fluke Corporation
P.O. Box 9090
Everett, WA 98206-9090
U.S.A.
Fluke Europe B.V.
P.O. Box 1186
5602 BD Eindhoven
The Netherlands
11/99
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Introduction
The Fluke Model 116, is a battery-powered, true-rms
multimeter (hereafter "the Meter") with a 6000-count
display and a bar graph.
Contacting Fluke
To contact Fluke, call:
This meter meets CAT III IEC 61010-1 2nd Edition
standards. The IEC 61010-1 2nd Edition safety standard
defines four measurement categories (CAT I to IV)
based on the magnitude of danger from transient
impulses. CAT III meters are designed to protect
against transients in fixed-equipment installations at the
distribution level.
USA: 1-888-99-FLUKE (1-888-993-5853)
Canada: 1-800-36-FLUKE (1-800-363-5853)
Europe: +31 402-675-200
Japan: +81-3-3434-0181
Singapore +65-738-5655
Anywhere in the world: +1-425-446-5500
Visit Fluke's web site at www.fluke.com.
Register your Meter at register.fluke.com.
Unsafe Voltage
To alert you to the presence of a potentially
hazardous voltage, the Y symbol is displayed when
the Meter measures a voltage ≥30 V or a voltage
overload (OL) condition. When making frequency
measurements >1 kHz, the Y symbol is unspecified.
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Safety Information
A "XWWarning" statement identifies hazardous conditions and actions that could cause bodily harm or death.
A "WCaution" statement identifies conditions and actions that could damage the Meter or the equipment under test.
To avoid possible electric shock or personal injury, follow these guidelines:
•
Use the Meter only as specified in this manual or the protection provided by the Meter might
be impaired.
•
Do not use the Meter or test leads if they appear damaged, or if the Meter is not operating
properly.
•
Always use proper terminals, switch position, and range for measurements.
•
Verify the Meter's operation by measuring a known voltage. If in doubt, have the Meter
serviced.
•
Do not apply more than the rated voltage, as marked on Meter, between terminals or
between any terminal and earth ground.
•
Use caution with voltages above 30 V ac rms, 42 V ac peak, or 60 V dc. These voltages pose
a shock hazard.
•
Disconnect circuit power and discharge all high-voltage capacitors before testing
resistance, continuity, diodes, or capacitance.
•
Do not use the Meter around explosive gas or vapor.
•
When using test leads or probes, keep your fingers behind the finger guards.
•
Only use test leads that have the same voltage, category, and amperage ratings as the meter
and that have been approved by a safety agency.
•
Remove test leads from Meter before opening the battery door or Meter case.
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Safety Information
•
•
•
•
•
•
Comply with local and national safety requirements when working in hazardous locations.
Use proper protective equipment, as required by local or national authorities when working
in hazardous areas.
Avoid working alone.
Use only the replacement fuse specified or the protection may be impaired.
Check the test leads for continuity before use. Do not use if the readings are high or noisy.
Do not use the Auto Volts function to measure voltages in circuits that could be damaged by
this function’s low input impedance (≈3 kΩ).
Symbols
B
F
X
J
~
AC (Alternating Current)
N
Battery (Low battery when shown on display.)
DC (Direct Current)
T
Double Insulated
Hazardous voltage
W
Important Information; Refer to manual
AC and DC
Earth ground
D
Do not dispose of this product as unsorted municipal waste. Contact Fluke or a qualified recycler for
disposal.
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Display
7
6
5
4
3
8
9
2
1
10
14
13
15
12
11
16
eeo02f.eps
No.
A
B
C
D
Symbol
s
R
O
E
K
Y
Meaning
The Meter function is set to Continuity.
The Meter function is set to Diode Test
Input is a negative value.
X Unsafe voltage. Measured input voltage ≥ 30 V, or voltage overload condition
(OL).
Display hold enabled. Display freezes present reading.
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Display
No.
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Symbol
M
VWX
LoZ
nµ°F°C mVµA
MkΩ kHz
DC AC
N
610000 mV
(Bar graph)
Auto Volts
Auto
Manual
+
0L
0PEn
Meaning
MIN MAX AVG mode enabled.
Maximum, minimum, average or present reading displayed
The Meter is measuring voltage or capacitiance with a low input impedance.
Measurement units.
Direct current or alternating current
Battery low warning.
Indicates the Meter’s range selection.
Analog display.
The Meter is in the Auto Volts function.
Auto ranging. The Meter selects the range for best resolution.
Manual ranging. User sets the Meter’s range.
Bar graph polarity
W The input is too large for the selected range.
Thermocouple missing or defective when Temperature function is selected.
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Terminals
COM
+
2
1
edy01f.eps
No.
A
B
Description
Common (return) terminal for all measurements.
Input terminal for measuring voltage, continuity, resistance, capacitance, frequency, temperature,
microamps and testing diodes..
bAtt
CAL Err
EEPr Err
F11Err
Error Messages
Battery must be replaced before the Meter will operate.
Calibration required. Meter calibration is required before the Meter will operate.
Internal error. The Meter must be repaired before it will operate.
Internal error. The Meter must be repaired before it will operate.
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Rotary Switch Positions
Rotary Switch Positions
Switch Position
x
e
Hz (button)
D
l
Ω
s
y
R
S
$
Measurement Function
Automatically selects ac or dc volts based on the sensed input with a low impedance
input.
AC voltage from 0.06 to 600 V.
Frequency from 5 Hz to 50 kHz.
DC voltage from 0.001 V to 600 V.
AC voltage from 6.0 to 600 mV, dc-coupled.
DC voltage from 0.1 to 600 mV.
Ohms from 0.1 Ω to 40 MΩ.
Continuity beeper turns on at <20 Ω and turns off at >250 Ω.
Temperature from -40 °C to 400 °C (-40 °F to 752 °F) with K-type thermocouple
Diode Test. Displays OL above 2.0 V.
Farads from 1 nF to 9999 μF.
DC current from 0.1 to 600 μA. AC current from 6.0 to 600 μA. DC-coupled.
Note: All ac functions and Auto-V LoZ are true-rms. AC voltage is ac-coupled. Auto-V LoZ, AC mV and AC μA
are dc coupled.
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Battery Saver ("Sleep Mode")
The Meter automatically enters "Sleep mode" and blanks
the display if there is no function change, range change or
button press for 20 minutes. Pressing any button or
turning the rotary switch awakens the Meter. To disable the
Sleep mode, hold down the g button while turning the
Meter on. The Sleep mode is always disabled in the MIN
MAX AVG mode.
Display HOLD
MIN MAX AVG Recording Mode
The MIN MAX AVG recording mode captures the minimum
and maximum input values (ignoring overloads), and
calculates a running average of all readings. When a new
high or low is detected, the Meter beeps.
• Put the Meter in the desired measurement function and
range.
• Press p to enter MIN MAX AVG mode.
• Mand MAX are displayed and the highest
reading detected since entering MIN MAX AVG is
displayed.
• Press p to step through the low (MIN), average
(AVG), and present readings.
• To pause MIN MAX AVG recording without erasing
stored values, press f. K is displayed.
• To resume MIN MAX AVG recording, press fagain.
• To exit and erase stored readings, press p for at
least one second or turn the rotary switch.
1. Press fto activate Display HOLD. (K is
displayed.)
XWWarning
To avoid electric shock, when Display
HOLD is activated, be aware that the
display will not change when you
apply a different voltage.
In the Display HOLD mode, the Meter freezes the display.
2. To exit and return to normal operation, press f or
turn the rotary switch.
Backlight
Press Q to toggle the backlight on and off. The backlight
automatically turns off after 40 seconds. To disable
backlight auto-off, hold down Q while turning the Meter
on.
Manual and Autoranging
The Meter has both Manual and Autorange modes.
• In the Autorange mode, the Meter selects the range with
the best resolution.
• In the Manual Range mode, you override Autorange and
select the range yourself.
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Power-Up Options
When you turn the Meter on, it defaults to Autorange and
Auto is displayed.
1. To enter the Manual Range mode, press q.
Manual is displayed.
2. In the Manual Range mode, press qto increment the
range. After the highest range, the Meter wraps to the
lowest range.
Note
You cannot manually change the range in the
MIN MAX AVG or Display HOLD modes.
Power-Up Options are canceled when you turn the Meter
off and when sleep mode is activated.
Button
f
p
q
If you press qwhile in MIN MAX AVG or
Display Hold, the Meter beeps twice, indicating
an invalid operation, and the range does not
change.
g
Q
3. To exit Manual Range, press q for at least 1 second
or turn the rotary switch. The Meter returns to
Autorange and Auto is displayed.
Power-Up Options
To select a Power-Up Option, hold down the button
indicated in the following table while turning the Meter on.
Power-Up Options
Turns on all display segments.
Disables beeper. bEEP is displayed when
enabled.
Enables low impedance capacitance
measurements. LCAP is displayed when
enabled. See page 14.
Disables automatic power-down ("Sleep
mode"). PoFF is displayed when enabled.
Disables auto backlight off. LoFF is
displayed when enabled.
Making Basic Measurements
The figures on the following pages show how to make
basic measurements.
When connecting the test leads to the circuit or device,
connect the common (COM) test lead before connecting
the live lead; when removing the test leads, remove the live
lead before removing the common test lead.
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Testing for Continuity
Measuring Resistance
eeo06f.eps
XWWarning
eeo04f.eps
Note
The continuity function works best as a fast,
convenient method to check for opens and
shorts. For maximum accuracy in making
resistance measurements, use the Meter’s
resistance (e) function.
To avoid electric shock, injury, or
damage to the Meter, disconnect
circuit power and discharge all highvoltage capacitors before testing
resistance, continuity, diodes, or
capacitance.
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Making Basic Measurements
Measuring AC and DC Voltage
Volts AC
Measuring AC and DC Millivolts
Volts DC
Millivolts AC
V
Millivolts DC
DC
edy18f.eps
eeo03f.eps
Using Auto Volts Selection
With the function switch in the x position, the Meter
automatically selects a dc or ac voltage measurement
based on the input applied between the + and COM jacks.
With the function switch in the l position, the Meter
measures ac plus dc millivolts. Press g to switch the
Meter to dc millivolts.
This function also sets the Meter’s input impedance to
approximately 3 kΩ to reduce the possibility of false
readings due to ghost voltages.
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Measuring AC and DC Current
WWarning
To avoid personal injury or damage to the
Meter:
•
•
Never attempt to make an in-circuit
current measurement when the opencircuit potential to earth is > 600 V.
Use the proper switch position and range
for your measurement.
Flame
sensor
probe
Control
Module
eeo08f.eps
To measure flame rectification circuits:
1. Turn the function switch to $.
2. Connect the Meter between the flame sensor probe and
the control module.
3. Turn heating unit on and record μA measurement.
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Making Basic Measurements
Measuring Capacitance
Measuring Temperature
RANGE
80BK Type K
Thermocouple
Probe
Vent
or
Pipe
eeo10f.eps
XW Warning
eeo05f.eps
To avoid risk of electric shock, do NOT
connect 80BK to live circuits.
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The Meter measures the frequency of a signal by counting
the number of times the signal crosses a trigger level each
second. The trigger level is 0 V for all ranges.
Measuring Frequency
XWWarning
To avoid electrical shock, disregard
the bar graph for frequencies >1 kHz.
If the frequency of the measured
signal is >1 kHz, the bar graph and Z
are unspecified.
1. Press g to turn the frequency measurement
function on and off. Frequency works with ac volts only.
2. In frequency, the bar graph and range annunciator
indicate the AC voltage present.
3. Select progressively lower ranges using manual ranging
for a stable reading.
AC Voltage Frequency
Making Low Impedance Capacitance
Measurements
For making capacitance measurements on cables with
ghost voltage, hold qwhile turning on the Meter to
switch the Meter into LoZ, (low input impedance)
Capacitance mode. In this mode, capacitance
measurements will have a lower accuracy and lower
dynamic range. This setting is not saved when the Meter is
turned off or goes into sleep mode.
Hz
Hz
V
edy09f.eps
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Making Low Impedance Capacitance Measurements
Measuring Current above 600 μA
Testing Diodes
Good Diode
The millivolt and voltage function of the Meter can be used
with an optional mV/A output Current Probe to measure
currents that exceed the rating of the Meter. Make sure the
Meter has the correct function, AC or DC, selected for your
current probe. Refer to a Fluke catalog or contact your
local Fluke representative for compatible current clamps.
Good Diode
Single
Beep
Forward Bias
Bad Diode
Open
Reverse Bias
Bad Diode
and
Shorted
eeo07f.eps
eeo14f.eps
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Using the Bargraph
The bar graph is like the needle on an analog meter. It has
an overload indicator (>) to the right and a polarity
indicator (+) to the left.
Maintenance
Maintenance of the Meter consists of replacing the battery
and cleaning the case.
Because the bar graph updates much faster than the digital
display, the bar graph is useful for making peak and null
adjustments.
Replacing the Battery
The bar graph is disabled when measuring capacitance and
temperature. In frequency, the bar graph and range
annunciator indicates the underlying voltage up to 1 kHz.
The number of segments indicates the measured value and
is relative to the full-scale value of the selected range.
In the 60 V range, for example (see below), the major
divisions on the scale represent 0, 15, 30, 45, and 60 V. An
input of −30 V turns on the negative sign and the segments
up to the middle of the scale.
eeo11f.eps
aej11f.eps
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Cleaning
XWWarning
The battery fits inside the battery door, which is then
inserted into the case, bottom edge first, until it is fully
seated. Do not attempt to install the battery directly into the
case.
To avoid shock, injury, or damage to
the Meter, remove test leads from the
Meter before opening the case or
battery door.
To remove the battery door for battery replacement:
5. Install and tighten battery door screw.
1. Remove the test leads from the Meter.
2. Remove the battery door screw.
3. Use the finger recess to lift the door slightly.
4. Lift the door straight up to separate it from the case.
Cleaning
Wipe the case with a damp cloth and mild detergent. Do
not use abrasives, isopropyl alcohol, or solvents to clean
the case top or lens/window. Dirt or moisture in the
terminals can affect readings.
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General Specifications
Accuracy is specified for 1 year after calibration, at operating temperatures of 18 °C to 28 °C, with
relative humidity at 0 % to 90 %.
Extended specifications are available at www.Fluke.com.
Maximum voltage between any
terminal and earth ground.......................... 600 V
Surge Protection ......................................... 6 kV peak per IEC 61010-1600V CAT III,
Pollution Degree 2
Display ......................................................... Digital: 6,000 counts, updates 4/sec
...................................................................... Bar Graph: 33 segments, updates 32/sec
Temperature ................................................ Operating: -10 °C to + 50 °C
Storage: -40 °C to + 60 °C
Temperature Coefficient ............................. 0.1 x (specified accuracy)/°C (<18 °C or >28 °C)
Operating Altitude....................................... 2,000 meters
Battery .......................................................... 9 Volt Alkaline, NEDA 1604A / IEC 6LR61
Battery Life .................................................. Alkaline: 400 hours typical, without backlight
Safety Compliances .................................... Complies with ANSI/ISA 82.02.01 (61010-1) 2004,
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No 61010-1-04, UL 6101B (2003) and
nd
IEC/EN 61010-1 2 Edition for measurement Category III,
600 V, Pollution Degree 2, EMC EN61326-1
Certifications ............................................... UL, P, CSA, TÜV, ; (N10140), VDE
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General Specifications
IP Rating (dust and water protection) ............ IP42
Table 1. Accuracy Specifications
Function
Range
Accuracy
± ([% of Reading] + [Counts])
Resolution
DC millivolts
600.0 mV
0.1 mV
0.5 % + 2
DC Volts
6.000 V
60.00 V
600.0 V
0.001 V
0.01 V
0.1 V
0.5 % + 2
DC, 45 to 500 Hz
[1]
Auto-V LoZ True-rms 600.0 V
0.1 V
500 Hz to 1 kHz
2.0 % + 3
4.0 % + 3
45 to 500 Hz
500 Hz to 1 kHz
[1]
AC millivolts Truerms
[1]
AC Volts True-rms
600.0 mV
0.1 mV
1.0 % + 3
2.0 % + 3
6.000 V
60.00 V
600.0 V
0.001 V
0.01 V
0.1 V
1.0 % + 3
2.0 % + 3
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Table 1 Accuracy Specifications (cont.)
Function
Range
Accuracy
± ([% of Reading] + [Counts])
Resolution
Beeper on < 20 Ω, off > 250 Ω;
detects opens or shorts of
500 μs or longer.
Continuity
600 Ω
1Ω
Ohms
600.0 Ω
6.000 kΩ
60.00 kΩ
600.0 kΩ
6.000 MΩ
40.00 MΩ
0.1 Ω
0.001 kΩ
0.01 kΩ
0.1 kΩ
0.001 MΩ
0.01 MΩ
0.9 % + 2
0.9 % + 1
0.9 % + 1
0.9 % + 1
0.9 % + 1
5%+2
Diode test
2.000 V
0.001 V
0.9 % + 2
Capacitance
1000 nF
10.00 μF
100.0 μF
9999 μF
1 nF
0.01 μF
0.1 μF
1 μF
1.9 % + 2
1.9 % + 2
1.9 % + 2
100 μF - 1000 μF: 1.9 % + 2
> 1000 μF: 5 % + 20
Lo-Z Capacitance
Temperature (Type K
Thermocouple)
1 nF to 500 μF
10% + 2 typical
-40 ºC to 400 ºC
0.1 ºC
1 % + 10[2]
-40 ºF to 752 ºF
0.2 ºF
1 % + 18[2]
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General Specifications
Table 1 Accuracy Specifications (cont.)
Function
Range
AC μAmps True-rms[1]
(45 Hz to 1 kHz)
Resolution
600.0 μA
Accuracy
± ([% of Reading] + [Counts])
0.1 μA
1.5 % + 3
(2.5 % + 3 >500 Hz)
DC μAmps
600.0 μA
0.1 μA
1.0 % + 2
Hz (V input)[3]
99.99 Hz
999.9 Hz
9.999 kHz
50.00 kHz
0.01 Hz
0.1 Hz
0.001 kHz
0.01 kHz
0.1 % + 2
Notes:
[1] All AC ranges except Auto-V LoZ are specified from 1 % to 100% of range. Auto-V LoZ is specified from 0 V.
Because inputs below 1 % of range are not specified, it is normal for this and other true-rms meters to display nonzero readings when the test leads are disconnected from a circuit or are shorted together. For volts and μA, crest
factor of ≤3 at 4000 counts, decreasing linearly to 1.5 at full scale. AC volts is ac-coupled. Auto-V LoZ, AC mV, and
AC μA are dc-coupled.
[2] Temperature uncertainty (accuracy) does not include the error of the thermocouple probe.
[3] Frequency is ac coupled and specified from 5 Hz to 50 kHz.
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Table 2. Input Characteristics
Function
Volts AC
Volts DC
Auto-V LoZ
Ohms
Diode Test
Input Impedance
(Nominal)
Common Mode Rejection Ratio
(1 kΩ Unbalanced)
>5 MΩ <100 pF
>10 MΩ <100 pF
>60 dB at dc, 50 or 60 Hz
>100 dB at dc, 50 or 60 Hz
~3 kΩ <500 pF
>60 dB at dc, 50 or 60 Hz
Open Circuit Test Voltage
Full Scale Voltage
<2.7 V dc
<2.7 V dc
To 6.0 MΩ
40 MΩ
<0.7 V dc
<0.9 V dc
2.000 V dc
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Normal Mode
Rejection
>60 dB at 50 or 60
Hz
Short Circuit
Current
<350 μA
<1.2 mA
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