Poseidon WCFX-V Series - Dunham-Bush

Poseidon WCFX-V Series - Dunham-Bush
INTRODUCTION
The Dunham-Bush POSEIDON series WCFX-V Variable Speed Water Cooled Rotary Screw
Flooded Chillers are available from 133 to 747 TR [467 to 2627 kW]. These units are supplied
with rotary screw compressors that are backed by more than 45 years of experience. The
WCFX-V series are Dunham-Bush premium chillers for commercial and industrial applications
where installers, consultants and building owners require maximum quality and optimal
performances especially at part load. The WCFX-V series are AHRI certified.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Nomenclature ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Components ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3
General Characteristics ........................................................................................................................................................................ 3
Unit Features ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5
Options And Accessories ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Operating Benefits .............................................................................................................................................................................. 8
Physical Specifications ....................................................................................................................................................................... 10
Sound Pressure Data ......................................................................................................................................................................... 11
Electrical Data .................................................................................................................................................................................... 11
Dimensional Data .............................................................................................................................................................................. 12
Floor Loading Diagram ....................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Typical Wiring Schematic ................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Application Data ................................................................................................................................................................................. 17
Guide Specifications ......................................................................................................................................................................... 19
NOMENCLATURE
WC F X 19 S R V E AU EAR 5BR Q
Water Cooled Chiller
Blank - Standard
Q - Special
Flooded Evaporator
Condenser Code
Screw Compressor
Evaporator Code
Model
R134a
Electrical Code
AT - 380V/3ph/50Hz
AU - 400V/3ph/50Hz
CB - 380V/3ph/60Hz
AR - 460V/3ph/60Hz
AS - 575V/3ph/60Hz
Variable Frequency
Compressor
Blank - No Economizer
E - Economizer
S - Single Compressor
T - Two Compressors
-2-
COMPONENTS
Economizer to enhance performance
VFD for optimized and improved part
load performance
Compact, quiet MSC compressor
Controller for precise
and reliable control
Bolted construction
for easy knockdown
Heat exchangers
with cleanable
copper tubes
and removable
water heads for
easy
serviceability
Vessels designed in accordance
with ASME code
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
GENERAL
Computer Performance Ratings
D 20 models from 133 to 747 TR [467 to 2627 kW]
D Built-in with Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) for
compressor, no starter is required
Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chillers are available from 133
to 747 TR [467 to 2627 kW]. The vast number of
combinations of heat exchangers, compressors and
motors make it impractical to publish tabular ratings for
each combination. A chiller may be custom matched to
certain building requirements by your Dunham-Bush
Sales Representatives utilizing the WCFX-V Computer
Selection Program. Data which can be provided to you
will include:
D Chiller Capacity
D kW Input
D Evaporator and Condenser Fluid Temperature
D Evaporator and Condenser Pressure Drop
D Evaporator and Condenser Tube Water Velocities
D Electrical Data
D Part-Load Performance
D Direct-drive, twin screws compressors driven by
VFD offers superior part load energy efficiency
D Models with twin compressors provide unparallel
redundancy and reliability, with enhanced superior
part load energy efficiency
D Great improvement on Integrated Part Load Value
(IPLV), which rated in accordance with AHRI
Standards 550/590-2011
D Substantially reduced operating sound level,
especially at part-load operation; sound level can be
reduced up to 12 dB(A) for twin compressors
models at part load operation
D Units are ETL listed for North America and Canada
regions
Contact our local Dunham-Bush Sales Representative
to discuss what Custom Solutions Dunham-Bush can
offer to solve your chiller selection questions.
-3-
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
D Condenser design capable for full pump down
operation
Compressors
2ND OIL SEPARATOR
Variable Speed Drive (VSD)
DISCHARGE
D Regulates motor speed to matched with capacity
demand
D Offers faster response on load changed, and
precise capacity control
D Soft start the compressor to minimized compressor
inrush current to virtually, zero inrush current
D Built-in harmonic filter
D Built-in Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) filter
D Maintain displacement power factor at minimum
0.95 at all operating conditions
OIL DEFLECTOR CAP
1ST OIL SEPARATOR
MOTOR
MALE (DRIVE)
ROTOR
SUCTION
Electronic Expansion Valve (EEV)
SUCTION CHECK
VALVE
D EEV is used for precise control of liquid refrigerant
flow into the evaporator
D Refrigerant liquid level in evaporator is controlled at
precise level for optimum performance
D EEV with variable speed compressors offer unit
operation at most outstanding part-load energy
efficiency. This benefits owners by reducing the unit
annual operating and lifecycle costs
REPLACEABLE
SUCTION FILTER
D New generation of Dunham-Bush MSC Vertical
Screw Compressors with Unique Patented Screw
compressor technology, offers further improved
reliability and stability, with lower sound level
D Optimized oil management with up to 2 integral oil
separators. Multi-layered mesh element effectively
separates oil from the gas stream
D No external oil pump required
D Vertical screw design with unparallel reliability on
compressor lubrication; rotor bearings are
submerged in oil that guarantees rotor lubrication
whenever the compressor is in operation
D Patented screw profile design which is specially
made for R134a application, to assure operation at
highest efficiencies
D Optimized volume ratio, VI port position and
geometry for best efficiency
D Hermetic design eliminates casing leakage, with no
requirement for internal parts service, no periodic
compressor tear down and overhaul
D Suction and discharge service valves are provided
for the ease of servicing
Economizer
D The economizer circuit consists of plate type heat
exchanger, expansion valve and solenoid valve
D Refrigerant is sub-cooled at economizer before
entering the evaporator; the flash refrigerant from
economizer is fed into compressor at intermediate
pressure
D The economizer increased cooling capacity by
means of the sub-cooling circuit
D Cooling capacity is increased significantly with
marginal increases in kW-input, thus, unit EER is
improved
Control Panel
D Electrical enclosure fabricated by heavy gauge
sheet steel with powder coated baked finishing
D Single point power connection for all models
D Circuit breaker for each compressor motor
D VFD for compressor motor
D Solid state motor protector module for compressors
D Step down transformer for control circuit
D Main power supply monitoring module. Protection
on under or over voltage, phase reversal, phase
losses and imbalance
D Unit mounted Remote/Off/Local (R/O/L) selector
switch, an operation and servicing friendly feature
D Vision 2020i – the state-of-art Dunham-Bush
proactive advanced controller monitors the unit
operation and maintains optimal operation of the
unit. Vision 2020i is an intelligent controller that able
to operate the unit with optimum efficiency at offdesign conditions. Vision 2020i adapts to any
abnormal operating conditions and will execute
preventive controls and actions for safety
protections
Evaporator / Condenser
D Shell-and-tube type heat exchanger
D Flooded type evaporator
D 2-pass arrangement. 1-pass or 3-pass arrangement
available as option
D Integral finned copper tubes to maximized heat
transfer area
D Cleanable copper tubes for easy serviceability
D Removable water heads for service
D Victaulic Groove Water connection comply to
ANSI/AWWA C-606
D Evaporator comes with 1” [25mm] thick closed cell
insulation
D Standard relief valve(s) – 3/4” [19mm] FPT
D Pressure test up to 220psig for refrigerant side, and
195psig for water side
-4-
UNIT FEATURES
D
D
D
D
D
VISION 2020i CONTROLLER
D
D
D
D
D
D
Condenser pressure
Compressor discharge temperature and superheat
Current drawn by each compressor
Compressor operating frequency
Compressor capacity (percentage of FLA, Full Load
Amps)
Run hours of each compressor
Number of starts of each compressor
Electronic Expansion Valve (EEV) Opening
Percentage
Compressors motor status
Oil Level Status, Water Flow Switch Status, Remote
Start/Stop Command Status
Trend graph of leaving chilled water temperature
Capacity Control
Vision 2020i, an advance programmable electronic
controller designed specifically for the applications and
precise control of Dunham-Bush Variable Speed Rotary
Screw compressor chillers, WCFX-V.
The controller is provided with a set of terminals that
connected to various devices such as temperature
sensors, pressure and current transducers, solenoid
valves, control relays and etc. Three sizes of controller
boards are provided to handle different number of input
and output requirements: DB3-S small board, DB3-M
medium board and DB3-L large board.
The unit algorithm program and operating parameters
are stored in FLASH-MEMORY that does not require a
back-up battery. The program can be loaded through
PC or programming key.
Vision 2020i controller is equipped with a user friendly
DBG5 graphical touch screen color display panel.
DBG5 display terminal has dedicated touch keys that
provides easy access to the unit operating conditions,
control set points, trend graphs and alarm histories.
Each unit’s controller can be configured and connected
to the local DBLAN network that allows multiple units
sequencing control without additional hardware. The
DBLAN is local area network made up of several
chillers’ controller.
Leaving chilled water temperature control is
accomplished by entering the water temperature
setpoint and placing the controller in automatic control.
WCFX-V chillers visualized precise capacity control
thanks to the VFD controlled, direct driven compressor.
Vision 2020i monitors all control functions and
regulates compressor motor speed to match closely to
the actual building load requirement. This will put the
chiller operation at optimum efficiency at all time, and
thus, maximized the energy saving of the chiller plant
operation.
The compressor ramp (loading) cycle is programmable
and may be set for specific building requirements.
Remote adjustment of the leaving chilled water setpoint
is accomplished either through High Level Interfacing
(HLI) via BMS communication, or Low Level Interfacing
(LLI) via an external hardwired, 4 to 20mA chilled water
reset control signal. Remote reset of compressor
current limiting function can be accomplished in a
similar fashion
System Control
The unit may be started or stopped manually, or
through the use of an external signal from a Building
Automation System. In addition, the controller may be
programmed with seven-day operating cycle or other
Dunham-Bush control packages may start and stop the
system through inter-connecting wiring.
Display and User Terminal
Vision 2020i controller is designed to work with the
DBG5 terminal display, a 7” TFT, 65k colors, LED
backlight touch screen graphical display panel. DBG5
terminal display allows carrying out all program
operations. The user terminal allows displaying the unit
working conditions, compressor run times, alarm history
and modifying the parameters. The display also has an
automatically self-test of the controller on system startup. Multiple messages will be displayed by
automatically scrolling from each message to the next.
All of these messages are spelled out in English
language on the display terminal.
Touch keys on DBG5 graphical display panel allow
user to access information and settings, based on
security level of the password. For more detail
operation of the Display Terminal, please refer to the
Unit Operation Manual.
Easily accessible measurements include:
D Leaving chilled water temperature
D Rate of Change for leaving chilled water
temperature
D Evaporator pressure
System Protection
The following system protection controls will
automatically act to insure system reliability:
D Low evaporator pressure
D High condenser pressure
D Freeze protection
D Low suction discharge pressure differential
D Low compressor oil level
D Compressor run error
D Power loss
D Chilled water flow loss
D Sensor error
D Compressor over current
D Compressor Anti-recycle
D VFD fault
The controller can retains up to 99 alarm histories
complete with time of failure together with data
stamping on critical sensor readings in an alarm
condition. This tool will aid service technicians in
troubleshooting tasks enabling downtime and nuisance
trip-outs to be minimized.
-5-
UNIT FEATURES
chilled water pumps, condenser water pumps, cooling
towers, variable frequency drives (VFD), motorized
valves, bypass modulating valves, and etc. Field
devices such as flow meters, BTU meters, digital power
meters, sensors & transducers can be interfaced with
CPM via HLI or LLI. CPM controls chillers, pumps and
cooling towers sequencing, as well as lead-lag, dutystandby and alarm changeover operations.
NetVisorPRO – Monitoring software of CPM system
which allows system monitoring, historical trending, and
alarm logging to be carry out at a PC terminal.
Graphical animations on system operation, temperature
and flow rate trend graphs, historical data and alarm
history logs, settings changes are all available with
NetVisorPRO.
Chiller plantroom control and automation by DunhamBush CPM provides the owners with a chiller system in
stable operation, optimized performance and energy
efficiency.
Remote Monitoring & Control (Option)
Dunham-Bush, the leader of HVAC solution provider
understands the arising focus on chiller plant
performance and optimization. Several solutions as
below are offered to the building owner to achieved
optimized chiller plantroom controls, operation and
performance.
DB-LAN Master Slave Sequencing Control
(MSS)
In a chiller system with multiple Dunham-Bush chillers,
Vision 2020i controller of each chiller can be connected
to the DB-LAN network via a communication bus
without additional controller, to enable Master-Slave
Sequencing Control of this chiller system. MSS will
stage in/out chiller in operation to match building
required cooling capacity. Chiller Lead-lag, dutystandby and alarm changeover controls are come with
MSS, as well as the chilled water pumps control. Each
MSS DB-LAN network can be connected up to 8
numbers of chillers.
Building Management System (BMS)
Communication
Vision 2020i is able to communicate to BMS through
the add-on communication card via various common
protocols as:
‐ Modbus RTU RS485, ModBus TCPIP
‐ BACnet over IP, MS/TP, or PTP
‐ LONworks FTT 10
Dunham-Bush Chiller Plant Manager (CPM)
DB Chiller Plant Manager (CPM) is a trustworthy and
headache-free solution for building owners and users
on chiller plant control and automation system. CPM’s
advanced controllers monitor and control equipments in
chiller plant such as chillers, primary and secondary
OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
D Compressor Acoustic Jacket –Compressor
acoustic jacket is added to further reduce sound
level
D Dual Mode Operation – The unit with dual mode
operation can deliver chilled fluid temperature down
to 18oF [-7.8oC] during ice making mode. Units with
Dual Mode Operation is used for Ice Thermal
Storage System
D Low Temp. Operation – The unit with Low Temp.
Operation can deliver chilled fluid temperature down
to 18 oF [-7.8 oC] for process cooling application.
D ASME / PED / CRN / JKKP Compliance –
Evaporator, condenser and desuperheater with
ASME / PED / CRN / JKKP approval is available on
request
D CE Compliance – Unit with CE compliance is
available on request
D 1-pass Evaporator and Condenser – 1-pass
evaporator or condenser is suitable for applications
with low temperature different (delta T) or high fluid
flow, where the evaporators or condensers are
piped in series
D 3-pass Evaporator and Condenser – 3-pass
evaporator or condenser is suitable for applications
with high delta T and low fluid flow
D Evaporator and Condenser Flanged Connection
– Flanged connection is available on request
D Marine Water Box – Marine water box for
condenser, for ease of condenser tube cleaning
without interfere with field water piping
D 250 psig Evaporator and Condenser – Evaporator
and condenser vessels with 250 psig working
pressure at water side is available to suite site
installation
D Double Thick Insulation – Evaporator with double
thick 2” [50mm] closed cell insulation, for extra
resistance to condensation
D Heat Recovery – Heat recovery cycle that reclaims
‘waste’ heat from refrigerant system to produce hot
water up to 140°F [60°C]. Two methods of heat
recovery
are
available:
shell-and-tube
desuperheater or double-bundle condenser
D Condenser Insulation – 1” thick closed cell
insulation is provided to discharge piping and
double-bundle condenser of heat recovery unit.
D Hotgas Bypass – To maintain unit operation below
minimum unloaded capacity
D Flanged Semi-hermetic Compressor – Semi
hermetic compressor is available on request
Electrical & Controls
D Unit Mounted Main Disconnect Switch – Nonfused disconnect switch with external lockable
handle is furnished to isolate unit main incoming
power supply for servicing
D Harmonic Filter – Additional harmonic filter is
added to meet IEEE 519 requirements, which to
reduce harmonic distortion to less than 5% of total
harmonic distortion (THD)
D Ground Fault Interrupt (GFI) – Provides
equipment with ground fault protection
D Ammeter / Voltmeter – Analog ammeter and
voltmeter with 3 phase selector switch for indication;
located on the control panel
-6-
OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
D Refrigerant Leak Detector – A refrigerant
detection sensor module is connected to Vision
2020i to monitor refrigerant concentration around
the unit. Alarm is triggered and unit is shut down
when the refrigerant concentration has exceeded
the preset safety limit
D Chilled Water Reset / Demand Limiting – Low
level interfacing with Building Automation System
(BAS). Chilled Water Reset allows controlled
temperature setpoint to be reset by a 4-20mA signal
from BAS; while Demand Limiting will limit the
maximum current drawn by the compressors by 420mA signal from BAS.
D Chilled Water Pump Control – Primary chilled
water pump is controlled by chiller’s Vision 2020i
controller for enhanced safety operation
D Condenser Water Pump Control – Condenser
water pump is controlled by chiller for enhanced
stable operation
D Condenser Water Modulating Valve Control – A
0-10Vdc control signal is output from Vision 2020i
controller to regulates the condenser water
modulating valve (field supplied) to bypass portion
of condenser water, to allow chiller operation at
lower ambient temperature
D Cooling Tower Fan Staging Control – Cooling
tower fans staging are controlled by chiller’s Vision
2020i controller based on operating condenser
pressure. This provides energy saving on cooling
tower operation, while maintaining chiller operation
at optimum performance
D Complete Temperature Monitoring – Entering
evaporator water temperature sensor, leaving and
entering condenser water temperature sensors can
be included for complete temperature monitoring of
the unit
D IP54 Control Panel – IP54 rated control panel can
be supplied for harsh working environment
D System Voltage Readout – Voltage of power
supply is displayed and logged at Vision 2020i
controller
D GFCI Convenience Outlet (US Region Only) –
115Vac convenience outlet with female receptacle
D BMS
Communication
–
Various
add-on
communication cards provide BMS communication
via common protocols: Modbus RTU RS485 /
TCPIP, LONworks FTT10, BACnet over IP / MSTP /
PTP
lower housings. Suitable for more critical application
as compared to rubber-in-shear isolator.
D DB-LAN Master Slave Sequencing Control (MSS)
– Pre-programmed at factory; field supplied and
installed inter-connection wiring between chillers to
provide communication bus among chillers’
controllers to enable Master-Slave Sequencing
Control
D Chiller Plant Manager (CPM) – Factory supplied
control panel; field supplied and installed
interconnection wiring and field devices; for
complete chiller plant room automation
DB DIRECTOR (For US Region Only)
DB-Director control system is offered to US region as
an option to Vision 2020i control system.
DB-Director is a rugged microprocessor based
controller designed for the the HVAC/R applications.
DB-Director provides flexibility with setpoints and
control options that can be selected prior to
commissioning a system or when the unit is live and
functioning. Displays, alarms and other interfaces are
accomplished in a clear and simple language that
informs the user as to the status of the controller.
DB-Director is equipped with 128 x 64 pixels
monochrome graphics LCD display with 2.8" diagonal
viewing area, and 9 dedicated keys that enable user to
access information, base on security level of the
password. The user terminal is allows displaying and
easy access to the unit working conditions, compressor
run times, alarm histories and modify the parameters.
Multiple messages will be displayed by automatically
scrolling from each message to the next. All of these
messages are spelled out in English language on the
display terminal.
The display also has an automatically self-test of the
controller on system start-up. For more detail operation
of the DB-Director keypad, please refer to the Unit
operation Manual.
Factory Supplied, Field Installed
Accessories
D Water Flow Switch – Flow switch to be installed at
evaporator and condenser outlet piping as safety
interlock to evaporator and condenser water flow
status. Three options are available: Weather tight
flow switch with CE mark; NEMA 3R, and NEMA 4
rated flow switch
D Rubber-In-Shear Isolators – Designed for ease of
installation. These one-piece molded rubber
isolators are applicable for most installations.
D Spring Isolators – These housed spring
assemblies have a neoprene friction pad at the
bottom to prevent the passage of noise, and a
spring locking levering bolt at the top. Neoprene
inserts prevent contact between the steel upper and
Remote Monitoring For DB-Director
DB-Director is equipped with RS485 and Ethernet
communication ports as standard. This user friendly
design allows Building Management System (BMS) to
interface directly with the chiller via either of Modbus
RTU, Modbus IP, or BACnet IP communication
protocol.
LONworks or BACnet MSTP communication protocol
can be established with installation of external adapter.
-7-
OPERATING BENEFITS
EFFICIENCY & RELIABILITY
D Dramatic payback in reduced maintenance and
overhaul costs both in down time and in labor
expenditures
Compressor Experience
D Ease of troubleshooting through controller retention
D More than 45 years of rotary screw experience and
dedicated
technological
Compressors are CE listed
of monitored functions
advancements.
D Evaporators and condensers are designed with
removable water heads which can be removed
easily without dismantling the chilled water piping
connections, for inspection and for mechanical
tubes cleaning with brushes or auto-brush. This will
enable low tube fouling factor in the evaporator and
condenser to be assured, thus maintaining system
efficiency
D Designed for high reliability with only two rotating
parts. No gears to fail
D Insured continuous oil flow to each compressor
through integral high efficiency oil separation for
each compressor
D Chillers use multiple rotary screw compressors for
fail-safe reliability and redundancy
Factory Testing
D Each chiller undergoes the factory testing prior to
Refrigerant Compatibility
unit shipment. This assures consistencies of
workmanship at highest quality
D Designed to operate with environmentally safe and
economically smart HFC-134a
efficiency and reliability
with
proven
D Thus, all units shipped are completely factory
tested; charged and adjusted according to the
design parameters, for ease of installation and
minimal field start-up adjustments
D Consult factory for use with new HFC refrigerants
Energy Efficiency
Control Flexibility
D VFD driven compressor provides superior efficiency
and sound level at part load
D Controller-based with DDC (direct digital control)
D Designed to provide the greatest amount of cooling
features precise touch keys control over every
aspect of operation with built-in control philosophy
that allow extra energy savings on start-up and
throughout the life of your equipment
for the least kilowatt input over the entire operating
range of your building
D Delivers outstanding efficiency and total energy
savings through the utilization of Variable speed
compressor, economizer and controller controlled
staging, producing greater capacity with fewer
compressors
D Insured uniform compressor loading and optimal
D Maximized performance through computer matched
D Lower energy costs resulting from automatic load
components and multiple compressors on a single
refrigerant circuit
monitoring and increased accuracy and efficiency in
compressor staging
energy efficiency through controller controls which
utilize pressure transducers to measure evaporator
and condenser pressure
D High efficiency oil recovery system guarantees
D Various
communication options
monitoring of the unit operation
removal of oil carried over in the refrigerant and
maintains the heat exchangers at their maximum
efficiency at both full and part load operation
for
remote
D Proactive control by controller that anticipates
problems and takes corrective action before they
occur. Controls will unload compressor(s) if
condenser or evaporator pressure approach limits.
This will enable unit to stay on the line while
warning operator of potential problems
Installation And Maintenance Ease
D Side-by-side
evaporator/condenser plus snug
arrangement of rotary screw compressors result in
an extremely compact work envelope
D Stable and efficient operation with precise chilled
water
temperature
control.
Chilled
water
temperature is controlled at ±0.8 oF [0.5 oC] range
for your comfort cooling, with best energy saving
D Units feature optional split design to allow easy fit
through any standard commercial doorway
-8-
OPERATING BENEFITS
levels where it is then distributed evenly into the
evaporator.
REFRIGERATION CYCLE
Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chillers are designed for
efficiency and reliability. The rotary screw compressor
is a positive displacement, variable capacity
compressor that will allow operation over a wide variety
of conditions.
This delivers outstanding efficiency and total energy
savings through the utilization of economizer cycle. Unit
EER is improved with economizer cycle.
Even at high condenser pressure and low capacity, a
difficult condition for centrifugal compressors, the rotary
screw performs easily. It is impossible for this positive
displacement compressor to surge.
PART LOAD PERFORMANCE
Through the use of economizer and multiple
compressors, Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chillers, some of
the best part-load performance characteristics in the
industry when measured in accordance with AHRI
Standard 550/590-2011.
The refrigerant management system is shown in the
refrigerant cycle diagram below.
In most cases, actual building system loads are
significantly less than full load design conditions,
therefore chillers operate at part load most of the time.
Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chillers combine the efficient
operation of Variable Frequency Drive (VFD), multiple
rotary screw compressors with economizer and
controller control to yield the best total energy efficiency
and significant operating savings under any load.
When specifying air conditioning equipment, it is
important to consider the system load characteristics
for the building application. In a typical city, the air
conditioning load will vary according to changes in the
ambient temperature. Weather data compiled over
many years will predict the number of hours that
equipment will operate at various load percentages.
The Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI)
has established a system, in AHRI Standard 550/5902011, for measuring total chiller performance over full
and part-load conditions. It defines the Integrated PartLoad Value (IPLV) as an excellent method of
comparing diverse types of equipment on an equal
basis. The IPLV is a single number estimate of a
chiller's power use weighted for the number of hours
the unit might spend at each part-load point. IPLV's are
based on AHRI Standard Rating Conditions.
Liquid refrigerant enters the flooded evaporator
uniformly where it absorbs heat from water flowing
through the evaporator tubes, and vaporized. The
vaporized refrigerant is drawn into the compressor
suction port where the positive displacement
compression begins.
This partially compressed refrigerant gaseous is then
mixed with additional flash refrigerant from the
economizer in the compression camber. The
compressed gaseous refrigerant is now discharged into
the integral oil separator, to separate lubrication oil from
the gaseous refrigerant, and recovers lubrication oil
back to the oil sump.
The formula for calculating an IPLV is:
1
IPLV =
The fully compressed and superheated refrigerant is
discharged into the condenser, where water in the
condenser tubes cools and condenses the refrigerant.
Liquid refrigerant leaves the condenser is further subcooled by the economizer.
0.01 + 0.42 + 0.45 + 0.12
A
B
C
D
where: A= kW/ton at 100% load point
B= kW/ton at 75% load point
C= kW/ton at 50% load point
D= kW/ton at 25% load point
The gaseous refrigerant is drawn out from the
economizer and is injected into compressor through the
vapor injection port. The remaining liquid refrigerant
shall passes through the Electronic Expansion Valve
(EEV) which reduces refrigerant pressure to evaporator
-9-
PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Model WCFX-V
Nominal Capacity
Nominal Power Input
Energy efficiency
19S
20S
23S
24S
27S
30S
36S
38T
40T
41S
TR
[kW]
kW
132.8
[467.1]
79.6
163.9
[576.4]
97.1
186.3
[655.2]
107.9
201.7
[709.4]
118.9
220.4
[775.1]
127.5
248.5
[874.0]
147.4
292.2
[1027.7]
168.0
270.3
[950.6]
155.7
329.9
[1160.3]
191.5
332.1
[1168.0]
190.2
kW/TR
0.599
0.592
0.579
0.590
0.579
0.593
0.575
0.576
0.581
0.573
COP
5.87
5.94
6.07
5.96
6.07
5.93
6.12
6.11
6.05
6.14
20%
20%
20%
20%
20%
20%
20%
10%
10%
20%
1230(1)
2233(1)
1220(2)
1222(2)
2236 (1)
Min. % Unit Capacity
Power Supply
V/PH/Hz
380-415/3/50 or 460/3/60
Compressor
Model (Qty)
1220(1)
1222(1)
1222(1)
1227(1)
1227(1)
Evaporator
Model
Water Connection
Inch
Design Press. Water Side
psig [kPa]
Flowrate
USgpm [m3/h]
Pressure Drop
ft wg [kPa]
FAR
EAR
JAR
JBR
6DR
6ER
7CR
6CR
8BR
7BR
8
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
10
10
150[1034]
316.9[71.9]
4.2[12.4]
391.1[88.8] 444.4[100.9] 481.2[109.2] 525.8[119.4] 592.8[134.6] 697.1[158.2] 644.8[146.4] 787.1[178.7] 792.3[179.9]
9.2[27.6]
9.5[28.3]
9.7[29.0]
8.3[24.8]
9.5[28.3]
9.9[29.6]
10.8[32.4]
9.9[29.6]
10.1[30.3]
Condenser
Model
Water Connection
Inch
Design Press. Water Side
psig [kPa]
Flow Rate
USgpm [m3/h]
Pressure Drop
ft wg [kPa]
Unit Length
Inch [mm]
Unit Width
Unit Height
Inch [mm]
Inch [mm]
Unit Shipping Weight lbs [kg]
Unit Operating Weight lbs [kg]
R134a Charge (Approx)lbs [kg]
Model WCFX-V
Nominal Capacity
Nominal Power Input
Energy efficiency
5BR
5BR
5CR
6CR
1KR
RAR
K5R
M3R
M1R
6
6
6
6
6
8
8
8
10
10
150[1034]
373.5[84.8] 460.2[104.5] 521.4[118.4] 565.9[128.5] 616.6[140.0] 697.7[158.4] 816.9[185.4] 755.8[171.6] 923.6[209.7] 927.9[210.6]
6.9[20.7]
132 3/16
[3358]
70 [1778]
76 [1930]
8576
[3890]
9370
[4250]
419 [190]
9.5[28.3]
164 3/16
[4171]
70 [1778]
76 [1930]
10496
[4761]
11173
[5068]
529 [240]
11.5[34.5]
10.1[30.3]
10.8[32.4]
10.4[31.0]
11.1[33.1]
13.4[40.0]
12.5[37.2]
10.6[31.7]
164 3/16
[4171]
70 [1778]
76 [1930]
10915
[4951]
11632
[5276]
558 [253]
General
164 3/16
[4171]
70 [1778]
76 [1930]
11325
[5137]
12119
[5497]
584 [265]
164 3/16
[4171]
70 [1778]
78 [1980]
11962
[5426]
12833
[5821]
705 [320]
164 3/16
[4171]
70 [1778]
80 [2031]
13087
[5936]
14065
[6380]
750 [340]
174 3/16
[4425]
70 [1778]
96 [2438]
15205
[6897]
16473
[7472]
981 [445]
196 12/16
[4997]
75 [1905]
86 [2185]
14103
[6397]
15393
[6982]
882 [400]
196 12/16
[4997]
80 [2032]
88 [2235]
17414
[7899]
18673
[8470]
1014 [460]
174 3/16
[4425]
70 [1778]
97 [2464]
16180
[7339]
17633
[7998]
1102 [500]
46S
46T
50T
54T
57T
60T
73T
75T
81T
87T
90T
375.8
[1321.7]
212.2
375.1
[1319.2]
213.4
409.4
[1439.9]
232.7
444.2
[1562.3]
252.5
474.1
[1667.4]
270.7
503.7
[1771.5]
288.8
582.1
[2047.2]
337.8
621.8
[2186.9]
359.7
665.0
[2338.8]
381.3
707.0
[2486.5]
399.3
747.0
[2627.2]
430.2
kW/TR
0.565
0.569
0.568
0.568
0.571
0.573
0.580
0.578
0.573
0.565
0.576
COP
6.23
6.18
6.19
6.19
6.16
6.13
6.06
6.08
6.13
6.23
6.11
20%
10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
TR
[kW]
kW
Min. % Unit Capacity
Power Supply
D2R
V/PH/Hz
Model (Qty)
380-415/3/50 or 460/3/60
2246 (1)
1222 (2)
1222 (1)
1227 (1)
Compressor
1227 (1)
1227 (2)
1230 (1)
1230 (2)
2233 (2)
2233 (1)
2236 (1)
2236 (2)
2236(1)
2246(1)
2246 (2)
Evaporator
Model
Water Connection
Inch
Design Press. Water Side
psig [kPa]
Flow rate
Pressure Drop
USgpm [m3/h]
ft wg [kPa]
8DR
8DR
KBR
YAR
YBR
YCR
MAR
MBR
NAR
PAR
PAR
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
12
1201.6
[272.8]
11.5[34.5]
1388.7
[315.5]
12.2[36.5]
1483.5
[336.7]
12.5[37.2]
1586.6
[360.2]
11.3[33.8]
1686.8
[382.9]
13.4[40.0]
1782.1
[404.5]
15.0[44.8]
150[1034]
896.5
[203.5]
13.4[40.0]
894.8
[203.1]
11.1[33.1]
976.7
[221.7]
10.8[32.4]
1059.8
[242.8]
10.8[32.4]
1131.1
[256.8]
11.3[33.8]
M5R
M5R
T5R
YAR
YBR
YCR
JAR
JBR
KAR
7CR
8AR
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
12
Condenser
Model
Water Connection
Inch
Design Press. Water Side
psig [kPa]
Flow Rate
USgpm [m3/h]
Pressure Drop
ft wg [kPa]
Unit Length
Inch [mm]
Unit Width
Inch [mm]
Unit Height
Inch [mm]
150[1034]
1047.9
[237.9]
11.8[35.2]
1047.1
[237.7]
10.6[31.7]
1142.7
[259.4]
11.3[33.8]
1240.0
[281.5]
10.8[32.4]
1324.2
[300.6]
11.3[33.8]
1407.6
[319.5]
11.5[34.5]
1629.5
[369.9]
13.1[39.3]
1740.0
[395.0]
12.0[35.9]
1858.6
[421.9]
11.1[33.1]
1971.7
[447.6]
13.4[40.0]
2088.8
[474.2]
13.8[41.4]
174 3/16
[4425]
75 [1905]
196 12/16
[4997]
80 [2032]
196 12/16
[4997]
80 [2032]
General
196 12/16 196 12/16
[4997]
[4997]
80 [2032]
80 [2032]
196 12/16
[4997]
80 [2032]
206 12/16
[5251]
88 [2235]
206 12/16
[5251]
88 [2235]
206 12/16
[5251]
88 [2235]
213 12/16
[5429]
90 [2286]
213 12/16
[5429]
90 [2286]
100 [2540] 88 [2235]
92 [2337]
97 [2464]
97 [2464]
97 [2464] 100 [2540] 100 [2540] 100 [2540] 108 [2740] 112 [2840]
17505
18210
19928
21645
22476
23091
26819
27597
29952
29729
32915
[7940]
[8260]
[9039]
[9818]
[10195]
[10474]
[12165]
[12518]
[13586]
[13485]
[14930]
19255
19864
21689
23587
24509
25230
29145
30111
32774
33687
36207
Unit Operating Weight lbs [kg]
[8734]
[9010]
[9838]
[10699]
[11117]
[11444]
[13220]
[13658]
[14866]
[15280]
[16423]
R134a Charge (Approx)lbs [kg] 1113 [505] 1113 [505] 1312 [595] 1356 [615] 1422 [645] 1477 [670] 1455 [660] 1543 [700] 1808 [820] 2701 [1225] 2701 [1225]
Unit Shipping Weight lbs [kg]
Notes: 1. The units are rated in accordance with AHRI Standard 550/590. The above data are rated on Superior models with following conditions:
Inlet/Outlet Chilled Water Temperature 54/44°F; Inlet/Outlet Cooling Water Temperature 85/95°F; evaporator fouling factor 0.0001hr.ft2.°F/Btu;
condenser fouling factor 0.00025 hr.ft2.°F/Btu; 2-pass evaporator and condenser.
2. To consult nearest Dunham-Bush sales office for computer selections other than above operating conditions.
- 10 -
SOUND PRESSURE DATA
Octave Band (Hz)
Octave Band (Hz)
Model
WCFX-V
63
125
250
500
1000
2000
4000
8000
Total
dB (A)
Model
WCFX-V
63
125
250
500
1000
2000
4000
8000
Total
dB (A)
19S
20S
23S
24S
27S
30S
36S
38T
40T
41S
46S
68
68
68
69
69
70
70
71
70
70
73
57
57
57
59
59
61
61
60
59
61
64
63
63
63
64
64
65
65
66
65
65
68
68
68
68
68
68
69
69
71
70
69
72
75
75
75
76
76
78
78
78
77
78
81
72
72
72
73
73
75
75
75
74
75
78
72
72
72
74
74
74
74
75
74
74
77
54
54
54
56
56
59
59
57
56
59
62
79
79
79
80
80
81
81
82
81
81
85
46T
50T
54T
57T
60T
73T
75T
81T
87T
90T
70
71
71
71
72
72
72
72
74
75
59
60
61
62
63
63
63
63
65
66
65
66
66
66
67
67
67
67
69
70
70
70
70
70
71
71
71
71
73
74
77
78
78
79
80
80
80
80
82
83
74
75
75
76
77
77
77
77
79
80
74
75
76
76
76
76
76
76
78
79
56
57
58
60
61
61
61
61
63
64
81
82
82
83
83
83
83
83
86
87
Note: Sound Pressure Level dB(A) @ 3.3ft [1m] (free field) ± 2dBA.
ELECTRICAL DATA
50Hz
Power Supply
Model
WCFX-V
Compressor
Model
19S
20S
23S
24S
27S
30S
36S
38T
40T
41S
46S
46T
1220 (1)
1222 (1)
1222 (1)
1227 (1)
1227 (1)
1230 (1)
2233 (1)
1220 (2)
1222 (2)
2236 (1)
2246 (1)
1222 (2)
1222 (1)
1227 (1)
1227(2)
1227 (1)
1230 (1)
1230 (2)
2233 (2)
2233 (1)
2236 (1)
2236 (2)
2236 (1)
2246 (1)
2246 (2)
50T
54T
57T
60T
73T
75T
81T
87T
90T
380Vac ± 10% -3Ph-50Hz
Unit
400Vac ± 10% -3Ph-50Hz
Compressor
Unit
Compressor
RLA
MCA
MFS
RLA
LRA
RLA
MCA
MFS
RLA
LRA
129
157
174
192
206
238
272
252
310
307
343
344
161
196
218
240
258
298
340
284
349
384
429
387
250
350
350
400
450
500
600
400
500
630
700
500
129
157
174
192
206
238
272
126
155
307
343
172
172
204
204
205
233
233
273
271
310
308
299
347
348
733
929
929
1140
1140
1320
1477
733
929
1762
2111
929
929
1140
1140
1140
1320
1320
1477
1477
1762
1762
1762
2111
2111
122
149
166
183
196
226
258
240
294
292
326
328
153
186
208
229
245
283
323
270
331
365
408
369
250
320
350
400
400
500
500
350
450
630
700
500
500
122
149
166
183
196
226
258
120
147
292
326
164
163
194
194
194
221
222
259
258
294
293
284
329
330
696
883
883
1083
1083
1254
1403
696
883
1674
2005
883
883
1083
1083
1083
1254
1254
1403
1403
1674
1674
1674
2005
2005
376
427
630
408
459
630
438
496
700
466
546
524
614
700
800
581
659
800
616
693
1000
646
732
1000
696
783
1000
357
406
388
437
630
415
470
630
444
518
500
583
700
800
800
552
626
586
659
800
613
695
1000
660
743
1000
60Hz
Power Supply
Model
WCFX-V
Compressor
Model
19S
20S
23S
24S
27S
30S
36S
38T
40T
41S
46S
46T
1220 (1)
1222 (1)
1222 (1)
1227 (1)
1227 (1)
1230 (1)
2233 (1)
1220 (2)
1222 (2)
2236 (1)
2246 (1)
1222 (2)
1222 (1)
1227 (1)
1227(2)
1227 (1)
1230 (1)
1230 (2)
2233 (2)
2233 (1)
2236 (1)
2236 (2)
2236 (1)
2246 (1)
2246 (2)
50T
54T
57T
60T
73T
75T
81T
87T
90T
Note: RLA – Rated Load Amps
460Vac ± 10% -3Ph-60Hz
Unit
575Vac ± 10% -3Ph-60Hz
Compressor
Unit
Compressor
RLA
MCA
MFS
RLA
LRA
RLA
MCA
MFS
RLA
LRA
106
130
144
159
170
197
224
208
256
254
283
284
133
163
180
199
213
246
280
234
288
318
354
320
225
250
320
350
350
400
500
320
400
500
630
450
106
130
144
159
170
197
224
104
128
254
283
142
142
169
169
169
192
193
226
224
256
255
247
287
287
608
771
771
946
946
1096
1226
608
771
1462
1752
771
771
946
946
946
1096
1096
1226
1226
1462
1462
1462
1752
1752
85
104
115
127
136
157
179
166
204
203
227
228
106
130
144
159
170
196
224
187
230
254
284
257
175
225
250
250
300
350
400
250
320
400
500
350
400
85
104
115
127
136
157
179
83
102
203
227
114
114
135
135
135
154
154
180
179
205
204
197
229
230
484
613
613
752
752
871
975
484
613
1163
1393
613
613
752
752
752
871
871
975
975
1163
1163
1163
1393
1393
311
353
500
338
380
500
361
409
600
386
452
434
509
600
700
480
544
800
510
574
800
534
605
800
574
646
800
MCA – Minimum Circuit Amps
249
283
270
304
400
289
328
450
308
360
347
405
500
500
630
384
435
408
459
630
426
484
700
460
518
700
MFS – Maximum Fuse Size
- 11 -
LRA – Locked Rotor Amps
Notes :
46S
41S
36S
30S
27S
24S
23S
20S
19S
Model
WCFX-V
C
33 3/16
[843]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
B
33 3/16
[843]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
A
15
[381]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
E
17 8/16
[445]
25
[635]
25
[635]
25
[635]
25
[635]
25
[635]
30 11/16
[780]
30 11/16
[780]
30 11/16
[780]
D
33 3/16
[843]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
40 11/16
[1033]
50 11/16
[1287]
50 11/16
[1287]
50 11/16
[1287]
F
37 13/16
[960]
58 8/16
[1486]
58 8/16
[1486]
58 8/16
[1486]
58 8/16
[1486]
58 8/16
[1486]
60
[1524]
60
[1524]
60
[1524]
G
51 3/16
[1300]
53 8/16
[1359]
53 8/16
[1359]
53 8/16
[1359]
53 8/16
[1359]
53 8/16
[1359]
60
[1524]
60
[1524]
60
[1524]
76
[1930]
76
[1930]
76
[1930]
76
[1930]
78
[1980]
80
[2032]
96
[2438]
97
[2464]
100
[2540]
HEIGHT
I
1 2/16
[29]
1 2/16
[28]
1 2/16
[28]
1 2/16
[28]
1 2/16
[28]
1 2/16
[28]
1 2/16
[28]
1 2/16
[28]
1 2/16
[28]
J
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
1 6/16
[35]
K
20 14/16
[530]
20 14/16
[530]
20 14/16
[530]
20 14/16
[530]
20 14/16
[530]
21 2/16
[536]
21 2/16
[536]
21 2/16
[536]
21 2/16
[536]
132 3/16
[3358]
164 3/16
[4171]
164 3/16
[4171]
164 3/16
[4171]
164 3/16
[4171]
164 3/16
[4171]
174 3/16
[4425]
174 3/16
[4425]
174 3/16
[4425]
LENGTH
M
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
11/16
[17]
N
2 8/16
[64]
1 4/16
[32]
2 8/16
[64]
2 8/16
[64]
3 8/16
[89]
2 2/16
[54]
2
[51]
1
[25]
2
[51]
O
6 14/16
[175]
5 10/16
[143]
6 14/16
[175]
6 14/16
[175]
6 14/16
[175]
6 14/16
[175]
8 2/16
[207]
7 6/16
[187]
8 2/16
[206]
P
15 14/16
[403]
15 14/16
[403]
15 14/16
[403]
15 14/16
[403]
15 14/16
[403]
15 14/16
[403]
15 14/16
[403]
15 14/16
[403]
20
[508]
Q
21 5/16
[541]
20 5/16
[516]
21 5/16
[542]
21 5/16
[542]
22 5/16
[567]
22 5/16
[567]
24 5/16
[618]
24 5/16
[618]
26 5/16
[668]
R
29 12/16
[756]
28 9/16
[725]
29 12/16
[756]
29 12/16
[756]
30 13/16
[782]
31 12/16
[807]
35 4/16
[895]
36 4/16
[921]
37 5/16
[947]
S
5 10/16
[143]
5 10/16
[143]
5 10/16
[143]
5 10/16
[143]
5 10/16
[143]
6 2/16
[155]
6 14/16
[175]
6 14/16
[175]
6 14/16
[175]
70
[1778]
70
[1778]
70
[1778]
70
[1778]
70
[1778]
70
[1778]
70
[1778]
70
[1778]
75
[1905]
WIDTH
8"
8"
10"
10"
8"
10"
10"
8"
6"
8"
8"
6"
6"
6"
6"
8"
8"
Z (Ø)
6"
Y (Ø)
DIMENSIONAL DATA
WCFX-V 19S, 20S, 23S, 24S, 27S, 30S, 36S, 41S, 46S
1.) All dimensions are in inches[mm].
2.) Above drawing is for Superior model. Consult factory for Standard and Premium model dimension.
- 12 -
Notes :
B
60
[1524]
60
[1524]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
A
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
38T
40T
46T
50T
54T
57T
60T
Model
WCFX-V
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
60
[1524]
60
[1524]
C
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
55
[1397]
45
[1143]
45
[1143]
D
26
[660]
26
[660]
26
[660]
26
[660]
26
[660]
24
[610]
24
[610]
E
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
68 8/16
[1740]
68 8/16
[1740]
F
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
64 8/16
[1638]
78 8/16
[1994]
78 8/16
[1994]
G
97
[2464]
97
[2464]
97
[2464]
92
[2337]
88
[2235]
88
[2235]
86
[2185]
HEIGHT
21 2/16
[537]
21 2/16
[537]
K
14/16
[22]
1 14/16 18 14/16
[48]
[480]
1 14/16 18 14/16
[48]
[480]
1 14/16 18 14/16
[48]
[480]
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
1 14/16 18 14/16
[48]
[480]
1 14/16 18 14/16
[48]
[480]
1 14/16
[48]
1 14/16
[48]
J
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
I
196 12/16
[4997]
196 12/16
[4997]
196 12/16
[4997]
196 12/16
[4997]
196 12/16
[4997]
196 12/16
[4997]
196 12/16
[4997]
LENGTH
3 14/16
[99]
3 14/16
[99]
1 8/16
[38]
3 14/16
[99]
3
[76]
2
[51]
2
[51]
2 2/16
[54]
N
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
M
P
8 14/16
[225]
8 14/16
[225]
8 14/16
[225]
8 2/16
[206]
8 2/16
[207]
8 2/16
[206]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
20
[508]
6 14/16 17 8/16
[175]
[445]
O
28 5/16
[719]
28 5/16
[719]
28 5/16
[719]
27 5/16
[694]
26 5/16
[669]
26 5/16
[668]
24 5/16
[618]
Q
39 11/16
[1008]
39 11/16
[1008]
39 11/16
[1008]
36 12/16
[934]
35 13/16
[909]
35 12/16
[908]
31 12/16
[807]
R
7 6/16
[187]
7 6/16
[187]
7 6/16
[187]
6 14/16
[175]
6 14/16
[175]
6 14/16
[175]
6 2/16
[155]
S
80
[2032]
80
[2032]
80
[2032]
80
[2032]
80
[2032]
80
[2032]
75
[1905]
WIDTH
10"
10"
10"
10"
10"
10"
8"
Y (Ø)
10"
10"
10"
10"
10"
10"
8"
Z (Ø)
DIMENSIONAL DATA
WCFX-V 38T, 40T, 46T, 50T, 54T, 57T, 60T
1.) All dimensions are in inches[mm].
2.) Above drawing is for Superior model. Consult factory for Standard and Premium model dimension.
- 13 -
Notes :
B
53 11/16
[1363]
53 11/16
[1363]
53 11/16
[1363]
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
A
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
15
[381]
Model
WCFX-V
73T
75T
81T
87T
90T
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
C
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
60 11/16
[1541]
D
74
[1880]
74
[1880]
74
[1880]
F
25
90 3/16
[635] [2290]
25
90 3/16
[635] [2290]
25
[635]
25
[635]
25
[635]
E
71 14/16
[1826]
71 14/16
[1826]
81
[2057]
81
[2057]
81
[2057]
G
112
[2840]
108
[2740]
100
[2540]
100
[2540]
100
[2540]
HEIGHT
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
14/16
[22]
I
1 14/16
[48]
1 14/16
[48]
1 14/16
[48]
1 14/16
[48]
1 14/16
[48]
J
20 1/16
[509]
20 1/16
[509]
20 10/16
[524]
20 10/16
[524]
20 10/16
[524]
K
213 12/16
[5429]
213 12/16
[5429]
206 12/16
[5251]
206 12/16
[5251]
206 12/16
[5251]
LENGTH
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
1 8/16
[38]
M
O
3 6/16
[86]
5 4/16
[133]
3 4/16
[83]
3 4/16
[83]
10 3/16
[259]
10 3/16
[259]
10 3/16
[258]
10 3/16
[258]
3 12/16 10 3/16
[95]
[258]
N
25 8/16
[648]
25 8/16
[648]
24 8/16
[622]
24 8/16
[622]
24 8/16
[622]
P
32 5/16
[821]
32 5/16
[821]
30
[762]
29 5/16
[745]
29 5/16
[745]
Q
46
[1168]
44 8/16
[1131]
44
[1118]
40 13/16
[1037]
40 13/16
[1037]
R
9 12/16
[248]
9 12/16
[248]
8 2/16
[207]
8
[203]
8
[203]
S
90
[2286]
90
[2286]
95
[2413]
88
[2235]
88
[2235]
WIDTH
12"
12"
12"
12"
12"
Y (Ø)
12"
12"
12"
12"
12"
Z (Ø)
DIMENSIONAL DATA
WCFX-V 73T, 75T, 81T, 87T, 90T
1.) All dimensions are in inches[mm].
2.) Above drawing is for Superior model. Consult factory for Standard and Premium model dimension.
- 14 -
FLOOR LOADING DIAGRAM
WCFX-V 19S, 20S, 23S, 24S, 27S, 30S, 36S, 41S, 46S
38T, 40T, 46T, 50T, 54T, 57T, 60T, 73T, 75T, 81T, 87T, 90T
POINT LOAD DATA
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
Operating Weight
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
Lbs [kg]
19S
1131 [513]
1545 [701]
1034 [469]
1420 [644]
935 [424]
1296 [588]
838 [380]
1171 [531]
9370 [4250]
20S
1292 [586]
1934 [877]
1173 [532]
1764 [800]
1054 [478]
1595 [724]
935 [424]
1426 [647]
11173 [5068]
23S
1329 [603]
2023 [918]
1210 [549]
1846 [837]
1090 [494]
1670 [757]
970 [440]
1493 [677]
11631 [5276]
24S
1411 [640]
2106 [955]
1273 [578]
1918 [870]
1136 [515]
1731 [785]
999 [453]
1544 [700]
12118 [5497]
27S
1468 [666]
2247 [1019]
1329 [603]
2049 [929]
1190 [540]
1850 [839]
1050 [476]
1651 [749]
12833 [5821]
30S
1621 [735]
2456 [1114]
1463 [664]
2238 [1015]
1305 [592]
2020 [916]
1147 [520]
1802 [817]
14052 [6374]
36S
1709 [775]
2838 [1287]
1608 [729]
2653 [1203]
1507 [684]
2468 [1120]
1406 [638]
2283 [1036]
16473 [7472]
38T
1936 [878]
2357 [1069]
1793 [813]
2202 [999]
1651 [749]
2048 [929]
1510 [685]
1896 [860]
15393 [6982]
40T
2348 [1065]
2859 [1297]
2176 [987]
2672 [1212]
2004 [909]
2485 [1127]
1832 [831]
2297 [1042]
18673 [8470]
41S
1813 [822]
3055 [1386]
1705 [773]
2856 [1296]
1597 [725]
2658 [1205]
1489 [676]
2459 [1115]
17633 [7998]
Model
WCFX-V
46S
2026 [919]
2980 [1352]
1954 [886]
2924 [1326]
1883 [854]
2867 [1300]
1811 [821]
2811 [1275]
19255 [8734]
46T
2337 [1060]
3057 [1387]
2233 [1013]
2875 [1304]
2129 [966]
2694 [1222]
2025 [919]
2512 [1140]
19863 [9010]
50T
2521 [1144]
3385 [1536]
2403 [1090]
3181 [1443]
2285 [1036]
2976 [1350]
2166 [983]
2771 [1257]
21688 [9838]
54T
2696 [1223]
3713 [1684]
2579 [1170]
3489 [1583]
2461 [1116]
3265 [1481]
2343 [1063]
3041 [1380]
23588 [10699]
57T
2811 [1275]
3809 [1728]
2698 [1224]
3590 [1628]
2585 [1173]
3371 [1529]
2472 [1121]
3151 [1430]
24486 [11107]
60T
2888 [1310]
3897 [1768]
2786 [1264]
3677 [1668]
2684 [1218]
3456 [1568]
2582 [1171]
3236 [1468]
25208 [11434]
73T
3733 [1694]
4850 [2200]
3255 [1476]
4464 [2025]
2777 [1259]
4077 [1849]
2298 [1042]
3690 [1674]
29144 [13220]
75T
3840 [1742]
5012 [2274]
3354 [1521]
4615 [2094]
2868 [1301]
4219 [1914]
2382 [1080]
3822 [1734]
30111 [13658]
81T
4082 [1852]
5504 [2497]
3582 [1625]
5076 [2302]
3082 [1398]
4647 [2108]
2582 [1171]
4218 [1913]
32773 [14866]
87T
2870 [1302]
2294 [1041]
3281 [1488]
4055 [1839]
3691 [1674]
5817 [2639]
4101 [1860]
7578 [3437]
33687 [15280]
90T
2620 [1188]
2100 [953]
3260 [1479]
4348 [1972]
3900 [1769]
6595 [2991]
4541 [2060]
8842 [4011]
36206 [16423]
Notes: 1.) Refer to dimensional drawings for location of mounting points.
2.) Unit must be lowered onto mounting springs in a level fashion or spring damage may occur.
3.) Above point load data is for Superior model. Consult factory for Standard and Premium model.
- 15 -
TYPICAL WIRING SCHEMATIC
Two Compressors Unit (Vision 2020i)
- 16 -
APPLICATION DATA
EVAPORATOR FLUID CIRCUIT
GLYCOL FREEZE PROTECTION
The evaporator fluid circuit requires a minimum system
fluid volume of 3 US gallons per Ton [3.3 liters/ cooling
kW] for stable operation. The minimum system fluid
volume may increasing up to 10 US gallons per Ton [11
liters/ cooling kW] for process cooling, low load
applications with small temperature range and/or vastly
fluctuating load conditions.
If the chiller or fluid piping may be exposed to
temperatures below freezing, glycol protection is
recommended if the water is not drained. The
recommended protection is 10°F [5.6°C] below the
minimum ambient temperature in the equipment room
and around piping. Use only glycol solutions approved
for heat exchanger duty. DO NOT use automotive antifreezing.
If the equipment is being used for applications below
38°F [3.3°C], glycol should be used to prevent freeze
damage. The freeze protection level should be 15°F
[8.3°C] lower than the leaving brine temperature.
Table 1 and 2 are to be used to calculate performance
and power input with the addition of glycol.
Variable Evaporator Flow
Dunham-Bush chillers are capable for variable
evaporator flow system. The chiller may operate to
maintain constant leaving fluid temperature with
evaporator flow rate changes, with below conditions
fulfilled.
D Evaporator fluid flow rate is within minimum and
maximum flow rate of the unit at all time during the
operation
D Rate of flow changed shall not exceeded 10% per
minute
Failure to comply with the above conditions will cause
problem to the chiller operation and may cause the
chiller to shutdown.
Table 1 : Ethylene Glycol
Operating Limits - Leaving Evaporator
Fluid Temperature
Leaving Fluid Temperature
Minimum
Maximum
Standard
40 oF [4.5 oC]
55 oF [12.8 oC]
Dual Mode /
Low Temp. Operation
18 oF [-7.8 oC]
55 oF [12.8 oC]
hr.ft².°F/BTU
m².°C/kW
Capacity
Correction
Factor
0.00010
0.00025
0.00050
0.00075
0.00100
0.018
0.044
0.088
0.132
0.176
1.000
0.995
0.985
0.975
0.964
kW-input
Correction
Factor
1.000
0.998
0.995
0.991
0.987
m².°C/kW
Capacity
Correction
Factor
kW-input
Correction
Factor
0.00025
0.00050
0.00075
0.00100
0.044
0.088
0.132
0.176
1.000
0.998
0.996
0.995
1.000
1.007
1.010
1.014
Fouling Factor
C1
Capacity
Factor
K1
kW-input
Factor
G1
Flow
Factor
P1
P.D.
Factor
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
26.2
22.4
17.8
12.6
6.7
0.0
-10.0
-17.5
-28.9
-3.2
-5.3
-7.9
-10.8
-14.1
-17.8
-23.3
-27.5
-33.8
0.995
0.991
0.988
0.984
0.981
0.977
0.973
0.968
0.964
0.998
0.997
0.996
0.995
0.994
0.992
0.991
0.990
0.989
1.019
1.030
1.044
1.060
1.077
1.097
1.116
1.138
1.161
1.050
1.083
1.121
1.170
1.219
1.275
1.331
1.398
1.466
% P. G.
By
Weight
°F
°C
C2
Capacity
Factor
K2
kW-input
Factor
G2
Flow
Factor
P2
P.D.
Factor
10
15
20
25
30
26.1
22.8
19.1
14.5
8.9
-3.3
-5.1
-7.2
-9.7
-12.8
0.988
0.984
0.978
0.970
0.962
0.994
0.992
0.990
0.988
0.986
1.005
1.008
1.010
1.015
1.021
1.019
1.031
1.051
1.081
1.120
Freeze Point
HEAT RECOVERY
The unit shall works with constant condenser flow,
variable condenser flow is not recommended. Variable
condenser flow will keep condenser pressure high at
the chiller, and thus, decreases chiller’s efficiency and
increase power consumption of the system. In addition,
variable condenser flow increases rate of fouling of
condenser, which will de-rating chiller performance and
increases unit maintenance cost.
The unit can be operated with condenser inlet water
temperature above 55°F up to 105°F. If the unit is
required to operates with condenser inlet water
temperature lower than 55°F, a bypass control at
condenser water loop is recommended to maintain
condenser inlet water temperature is always higher
than 55°F.
hr.ft².°F/BTU
°C
Freeze Point
Note: P.D. – Pressure drop vessels across
CONDENSER FLUID CIRCUIT
Performance Correction - Condenser
Fouling Factor
°F
Table 2 : Propylene Glycol
Performance Correction- Evaporator
Fouling Factor
Fouling Factor
% E. G.
By
Weight
The Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chiller can significantly
reduce building operating costs when the heat recovery
option is selected. Any building which requires
simultaneous heating and cooling may be an excellent
candidate for this system.
Hotter Hot Water
Most centrifugal water chillers are limited in producing
leaving condenser water temperatures to 105°F[40°C]
or below. Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chillers are able to
provide leaving hot water temperatures up 140°F[60°C]
allowing for the installation of smaller heating coils at a
lower first cost than systems utilizing centrifugal water
chillers. The warmer supply air temperatures available
will also improve tenant comfort.
Lower Energy Consumption
The efficient unloading characteristics of the DunhamBush WCFX-V Chiller compressor make it ideal for heat
recovery duty. Heat recovery chillers must be selected
to operate at many operating conditions, not just full
load heating and full load cooling duties. Heat recovery
chillers spend the majority of their time at lower loads,
conditions at which centrifugal chillers must often be
operating with energy inefficient hot gas bypass.
- 17 -
APPLICATION DATA
Greater Design Flexibility
The heat recovery Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chiller, on
the other hand, utilizes Variable Frequency Driven
(VFD), positive displacement compressor which will not
surge. This chiller is capable of unloading its
compressors to their minimum capacity at all head
conditions, both cooling and heat recovery, for greater
design flexibility.
In order to maximize the user’s flexibility on design and
operation, Dunham-Bush chillers offer two heat
recovery designs.
Desuperheater: A shell-and-tube desuperheater is
installed at chiller to reclaim “waste” heat from
superheated refrigerant produced by the vapor
compression cycle.
Double-Bundle
Condenser:
Double-bundle
condenser with two sets of water connectors allow
connections to hot water loop and cooling tower water
loop simultaneously. Double-Bundle condenser is rated
at 300 psig [20.7Bar] working pressure on refrigerant
side, and is pressure test up to 330 psig [22.8 Bar] in
the factory. This design reclaims “waste” heats
generated by vapor compression cycle, and full heat
reclaim can be done with this design. Condenser
thermal insulation is can be included to provide heat
insulation on double-bundle condenser and discharge
piping. The 1” thick closed cell insulation will reduce
heat losses during heat recovery operation, and
prevent unpleasant human contact with hot surface.
To further improve the operational flexibility, for units
with full heat recovery design, priority on controlled
temperature can be selected through a digital input
signal. When “Heating Mode” contact is closed,
controlled temperature will switch from leaving
evaporator water temperature to leaving condenser
water temperature; thus, the unit is now operated as a
heat pump. This control function is available when
Condenser Water Pump Control & Complete
Temperature Monitoring options are included together
with double-bundle condenser option.
CONDENSER PRESSURE
CONTROL
Cooling tower control is increasingly becoming an
overlooked subject, and it causes problems. The
following is a general recommendation that is
applicable to all standard packaged chillers.
Most chiller manufacturers recommend that condenser
water be controlled so that its temperature never goes
below 55°F [12.8°C] (even when the machine is off)
and that its rate of change is not rapid. Rapid can be
defined as not exceeding 2°F [1.1°C] per minute. This
is necessary because a chiller operates in a dynamic
environment and is designed to maintain a precise
leaving chilled water temperature under varying
entering chilled water conditions. The additional
dynamic of rapidly varying condenser water
temperature subjects the machine to fluctuating
pressure on differentials across the evaporator and
condenser. This varies the refrigerant flow and,
therefore, the capacity. If this occurs faster than the
machine can accommodate it, the condenser pressure
or evaporator pressure will soon exceed their safety
setpoints and the machine will shut down.
The necessary control can sometimes be attained via
fan cycling if the tower is rated at the same capacity as
the chiller’s heat rejection. On multiple chiller jobs, a
single tower is oversized relative to the chiller. On other
jobs the tower/chiller might be oversized to the design
load and the chiller and tower frequently cycle under
light load. Under these conditions, fan cycling might
result in very rapid temperature swings, which creates a
dynamic situation to condenser, that potentially cause
unstable operation. Thus, in this case, either variable
speed fans or modulating valve control should be used
to regain control of the condenser water. Either type of
control provides precise modulating control of the
condenser water rather than on-off step control. The
control can be initiated either by a condenser water
temperature sensor/controller or, even better, by direct
control from the chiller's controller based upon the
chiller's condenser pressure.
It is further recommended that the condenser water
pump be cycled by the chiller. This is to eliminate
potentially very cold water from going through the
condenser while the chiller is shut down. At the same
time it is probable that relatively warmer chilled water is
in the evaporator (an inversion). Refrigerant tends to
migrate if there is a difference in pressures within the
components of the chiller. It will seek the lowest
pressure area of the packaged chiller which, in this
case, would be the condenser. Starting of a chiller
where the refrigerant has migrated to the condenser is
not desirable. The presence of highly subcooled liquid
refrigerant in the condenser will cause low suction
pressures and possibly liquid slugging of the
compressor. If the condenser water pump is off until
prior to the chiller starts, the water in the condenser is
at the chiller room ambient, which is usually much
closer to the evaporator water temperature.
Further to condenser pump control, a 0-10 Vdc analog
signal can be output from the chiller’s controller to
bypass some of the condenser water flow to maintain
chiller’s condenser pressure. Cooling tower fans control
is also available to achieve better system efficiency.
Thus, even though there has been a trend toward fan
cycling control of cooling towers, it is not a device that
is suitable to every installation. We recommend that the
designer carefully evaluate the system to determine if a
more precise method of control is indicated. If there is
any doubt, the more precise control is required.
Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chillers have as standard a
control feature called EPCAS (Evaporator Pressure
Control at Start) which will allow for an inverted start.
This occurs when the chilled water loop in a building is
at a higher temperature than the condenser/tower loop.
This occurs in many buildings after a weekend shut
down. The chilled water loop can be as high as 90°F
and the condenser/tower loop as low as 60°F. With the
EPCAS feature, the valve feeding the evaporator will
be throttled to create a pressure differential to help load
the compressor.
- 18 -
APPLICATION DATA
ICE THERMAL STORAGE
SYSTEM (ITES)
Energy Cost: ITES, by operating chillers at night, will
The globe is progressively marching towards a serious
electric energy crisis. The HVAC/R industry is shifting
to operate with more efficient machines, as well as
alternate system designs and solutions. Dunham-Bush,
as a leader of HVAC/R solutions provider, we provide
packaged solution for ITES, which include, equipments
selections, chillers, Ice Cels and CPM for ITES system
controls.
Rebates: ITES usually qualifies for rebates offered by
electric utilities or governments for equipment that shift
peak loads to off-peak hours
fully utilize incentive on electricity night tariff, which is
much lower compare to day tariff
Dunham-Bush WCFX-V Chillers, with positive
displacement rotary screw compressor can easily cool
low temperature glycol down to 20°F [-6.7 oC] to charge
the ice storage tanks. The same chiller can also
o
produce warmer supply fluid temperature, 40 to 45 F
o
[4.4 to 7.2 C], for those building systems designed for
only peak shaving.
Dunham-Bush is the only HVAC/R manufacturer who
can provide complete ITES packaged solution, with
own products for chillers, ice storage tanks and plant
room control system, with following benefits.
Colder Air Temperature: ITES can produce chilled
liquid at supply temperature of 38°F [3.3°C] or even
lower without scarifying system’s efficiencies. This
realizes energy saving on chilled water pumping
system, AHUs and FCUs. Colder supply air distribution
lowers room humidity, and thus, comfort cooling can be
achieved with higher room temperature. This reduce air
conditioning load required, and therefore, reduces the
installation cost and system operating cost.
Standby Cooling Capacity: Energy stored in ITES
can be utilized to cater peak or unexpected loads which
exceeded total cooling capacity available from the
installed chillers. This is savior to the regions which
having difficulties on power generation plants
expansion, where with ITES, will significantly reduced
total demand of the buildings.
Demand Charge: ITES allows some of the peak
demand to be shifted to low-demand nighttime periods,
thus reducing demand charges for the entire year.
GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
SCOPE
Supply and commissioning of complete factory
assembled water cooled rotary screw chiller(s). The
rotary screw chiller(s) shall contain rotary screw
compressor(s), evaporator, condenser, interconnecting
refrigerant piping, electronic expansion valve, control
panel, Variable Frequency Drive (s), chilled liquid
connections, condenser water connections. The control
panel shall be fully wired by the manufacturer
connecting & interlocking, controller, Variable
Frequency Drive, electrical protection devices with
electrical power and control connections. Packaged
chiller shall be factory assembled, charged with a full
operating refrigerant and oil charge and tested. The
refrigerant type shall be R134a, and shall not have
phasing out schedule.
Capacity of each chiller shall be not less than
_________________ refrigerant tons (kW output)
cooling at _____________ USGPM (liters/min.) of
water from __________ °F[°C] to _________ °F[°C].
Power input requirements for the unit(s), incorporating
all appurtenances necessary for unit operation,
including but not limited to the control accessories and
pumps, if required, shall not exceed ___________kW
input at design conditions. The unit shall be able to
unload to _______% of cooling (refrigeration) capacity
when operating with leaving chilled water and entering
condenser water at design temperatures. The unit shall
be capable of continuous operation at this point, with
stable compressor operation, without the use of hot gas
bypass.
Heat transfer surfaces shall be selected to reflect the
incorporation of a fouling factor of 0.00025
hr.sq.ft.°F/btu [0.000044 m².°C/W] for the water
condenser and 0.0001 hr.sq.ft.°F/Btu [0.0000176
m².°C/W] for evaporator. Water pressure drop at design
conditions shall not exceed ___________ feet of water
through the condenser, and ____________ feet of
water through the evaporator.
QUALITY ASSURANCE
D Chiller performance shall be certified by AHRI as
per AHRI 550/590 standard latest edition
D [Optional] ASHRAE Standard 15 safety code for
mechanical refrigeration
D ASME standard B31.5 for Refrigerant piping
D Vessels shall be fabricated and pressure tested in
compliance with ASME Boiler and Pressure vessel
code, Section VIII, Division 1 “Unfired Pressure
Vessels”
D [Optional] JKKP code for vessels required in
Malaysia
D [Optional] PED certification required in Europe
market place
- 19 -
GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
D [Optional] CRN certification required in Canada
D
D
D
D
region
Manufacturer shall have experience of minimum 10
years in manufacturing water cooled screw chillers
in their facility
Unit shall be manufactured in ISO 9001 registered
manufacturing facility
Factory run test: Chiller shall be pressure tested,
evacuated and fully charged with refrigerant and oil.
The chiller shall be run tested with water flowing
through the vessels
Manufacturer shall have a service organization with
trained service personal
OPERATING REQUIREMENT
The unit shall be capable of starting up with entering
fluid temperature to the cooler at 95°F.
Unit shall be able to operate with 3-phase 50Hz/60Hz
with unit rated voltage +/- 10%. Control Voltage shall be
115V/1ph/50Hz or 115V/1ph/60Hz.
COMPRESSOR AND MOTOR
The packaged chiller shall be furnished with singlestage hermetic direct connected positive displacement
rotary screw compressor(s) as required, driven by a
3500 RPM-60Hz 2 poles motor. Each compressor shall
include integral oil separation system, oil sump and oil
filter. The oil differential pressure shall be controlled
during operation to maintain proper oil lubrication
throughout the lubrication system. An electric oil heater
shall be supplied with each compressor to maintain oil
temperature during shutdown period. The heater shall
be energized when the chiller is switched off. Each
compressor shall have a sight glass, suction check
valve, suction filter, suction service valve, a discharge
check valve (for multiple compressor chillers) and a
discharge service valve (Provide isolation valves on all
connections to compressor to allow condenser to be
used as a pump down receiver). Compressor capacity
control shall be obtained by Variable Frequency Driven
motor in combination with slide valve at low load within
each compressor. The bearing shall be heavy duty,
anti-friction tapered roller type, anti-reverse, and shall
be able to carry both radial and thrust loads.
The compressor motor shall be hermetic refrigerant gas
cooled, 2 pole, squirrel cage induction type with class H
insulation. Motor winding shall have thermistors
embedded in the motor windings to protect motor from
over heating. The thermistors shall be wired to the solid
state motor protection module.
EVAPORATOR
Evaporator vessel shall be cleanable shell and tube,
flooded type. Shell shall be fabricated from rolled
carbon steel sheet with fusion welded seams or carbon
steel standard pipes. End plates shall be of carbon
steel with precision drilling, reamed in order to
accommodate tubes. Intermediate tube support shall
be in place to provide required tube support between
tube sheets. Tubes shall be of copper, seamless, high
efficient, internally enhanced and externally finned,
mechanically expanded into fixed steel tube sheets.
Tube dia shall be ¾ inch and thickness shall be 0.025
inch. The flooded evaporator shall have a built in
distributor for feeding refrigerant evenly under the tube
bundle to produce a uniform boiling action and baffle
plates shall be provided to ensure vapor separation.
Water box shall be removable for tube cleaning, shall
have stub out water connections with victaulic grooves
in compliance to ANSI / AWWAC-606. They are to be
available in one, two or three pass design as required
on the drawings. Vent and drain plugs are to be
provided in water box. The shell side of the evaporator
shall have pressure relief valve with provision for
refrigerant venting. Evaporators refrigerant side shall
be designed, constructed in accordance with the ASME
Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels. Evaporator shell
side shall undergo pneumatic pressure test at 220psi,
shall be designed for working pressure up to 200psi.
Tube side shall undergo hydrostatic pressure test at
195psi, shall be designed for 150psi working pressure.
The flooded evaporator shall have and efficient and
reliable oil recovery system. The oil recovery system
will ensure the evaporator is operating at peak
efficiency at all times and provide optimal energy
efficiency during extended periods of part load. Units
without such oil recovery systems will not be
acceptable.
All low temperature surfaces shall be factory insulated
with 25mm think Polyethylene resin having K factor of
0.26 btu-in / hr - ft² - °F.
CONDENSER
Condenser vessel shall be cleanable shell and tube.
Shell shall be fabricated from rolled carbon steel sheet
with fusion welded seams or carbon steel standard
pipes. End plates shall be of carbon steel with precision
drilling, reamed in order to accommodate tubes.
Intermediate tube support shall be in place to provide
required tube support between tube sheets. Tubes
shall be of copper, seamless, high efficient, internally
enhanced and externally finned, mechanically
expanded into fixed steel tube sheets. Tube dia shall
be ¾ inch and thickness shall be 0.025 inch. Water box
shall be removable for tube cleaning, shall have
stubout water connections with Victaulic grooves in
compliance to ANSI / AWWA C-606. They are to be
available in one, two or three pass design as required
on the drawings. Vent and drain plugs are to be
provided in water box. The shell side of the condenser
shall have pressure relief valve with provision for
refrigerant venting. Condenser refrigerant side shall be
designed, constructed in accordance with the ASME
Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels. Condenser shell
side shall undergo pneumatic pressure test at 220psi,
shall be designed for working pressure upto 200psi.
Tube side shall undergo hydrostatic pressure test at
195psi, shall be designed for 150psi working pressure.
The condenser shall be sized for full pump down
capacity.
- 20 -
GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT
D Under/over voltage phase reversal and imbalance
The refrigerant circuit shall include suction and
discharge service valves (which facilitate compressor
isolation), oil filter, replaceable filter drier on oil return
line, sight glass on liquid line, economizer, pressure
relief valves on the cooler and condenser, liquid line
angle valve for refrigerant charging. The packaged
chiller shall be furnished with an electronic expansion
valve for precise modulation of refrigerant flow control
and improve efficiency by optimizing suction and
discharge superheat while protecting compressor. In
addition, the refrigerant control system shall monitor the
liquid refrigerant level in the flooded evaporator and
restrict refrigerant flow entering the evaporator upon a
rise in the refrigerant level, protecting the compressor
from slugging liquid refrigerant. Fixed orifice control
systems will not be acceptable. (Option Hot gas bypass
shall be factory installed for operation down to
approximately 10% of full load.)
D [Optional] Ground fault interrupter
OIL MANAGEMENT
The chiller package shall ensure proper lubrication
during the operation in order to have prolonged
compressor life as well as maintaining system
efficiency. An efficient Pressure differential lubrication
system shall be provided with oil filter, oil separator,
sight glass, oil sump and oil sump heater. The oil
heater shall be energized during the chiller switched off
to prevent oil from dilution. Oil pump is not acceptable.
ELECTRICAL AND CONTROL PANEL
The electrical switch gears, controller, control sensors
and relays shall be housed in NEMA-1 panel. The
panel casing shall be of galvanized steel with powder
coating for corrosion resistance. The panel shall be
divided into two separate compartments or shall have
two separate panels to house power and control
devices separately.
ELECTRICAL POWER PANEL
The chiller manufacturer shall provide a Variable
Frequency Drive (VFD) for each compressor motor
which also minimize the starting current in addition to
capacity modulation function. The VFD shall be factory
mounted, wired to the motor and controller. The VFD
shall be able to provide adequate starting torque and
the required acceleration for the compressor during
starting.
NEMA-1 electrical panel compartment shall include:
D Main incoming power terminal block suitable to
receive single entry of three phase 3-wire power
supply with specified voltage
D Circuit breakers for each compressor
D Solid state compressor motor over current
protection for each phase shall be inherent feature
of Variable Frequency Drive
D Solid state compressor motor overheat protection
module
relay
The Variable Frequency Drive and circuit breakers shall
be wired securely to the main incoming terminal block.
Over heating protection modules, over/under voltage
phase relay shall be interlocked with the compressor in
order to provide adequate protection to the compressor
motor.
CONTROL PANEL
The packaged chiller shall be equipped with stand
along proactive advance controller which shall be able
to adapt to abnormal operation conditions. The unit
algorithm program and operating parameters shall be
stored in flash-memory. Battery back-up is not
acceptable. 115V Power supply to the controller shall
be provided by a control transformer provided with the
panel. External power source to the controller is not
acceptable. The controller shall be equipped with a
user friendly terminal with color touch screen LED back
lit graphical display and dedicated touch keys that
provides easy access to the unit operating parameters,
control set points and alarm history. There shall be
dedicated physical buttons and touch keys enable user
to access information, based on security level of
password. There shall be min three level of password
for operator, service personnel and for the
manufacturer for critical settings in order to protect the
chiller controller from unauthorized access.
The controller board shall be provided with a set of
terminals that connected to various devices such as
temperature sensors, pressure transducers, current
transducers, solenoid valves, VFDs, electronic
expansion valve controls relays. The controller should
be able to configured and connected multiple unit that
allow sequencing control without additional hardware.
The controller shall be able to carry out all program
operations, It shall be able to display unit operating
parameters, compressor information, alarm history and
shall able to modify the parameters.
The controller shall be able to carry out its own
diagnostic test on the controller and the connected
devices. The alarm messages shall be displayed
automatically on faulty devices.
All messages shall be displayed in English language.
Shall be displayed either in Imperial or SI units.
Leaving chilled water temperature control shall be
accomplished by entering the water temperature set
point with accuracy to 0.8°F and placing the controller
automatic control mode. The controller shall monitor all
control functions and modulate the VFD (and slide
valve in required) to the calibrated position. The
compressor loading cycle shall be programmable and
shall be adjusted to the building load requirement. The
loading adjustable range shall be from 0.1% to 0.4%
per increment to prevent excessive demand hike at
start up.
- 21 -
GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
The controller shall continuously monitor evaporator
leaving water temperature, rate of change of chilled
water leaving temperature, evaporator and condenser
pressure, compressor amp draw, and discharge
refrigerant temp.
The controller shall be complete with all hardware and
software necessary to enable remote monitoring of all
data through the addition of an optional web card if
accessing the controller via web or network cards if
linking chiller to the Building Management Systems.
The controller shall be completed with a RS485 long
distance differential communications port, the remote
connection shall be established by a twisted pair of
wire. The controller shall also accept a remote start and
stop signal, 0 to 5VDC [Optional], chilled water
temperature reset signal and 0 to 5VDC compressor
current limit reset signal [Optional].
The electrical control panel shall be wired to permit fully
automatic operation during - initial start-up, normal
operation, and shutdown conditions. The control
system shall contain the following control, displays and
safety devices:
MANUAL CONTROLS
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Auto/Local/Remote switch
Control circuit stop and start switches
Compressor enable switch
Compressor over current
Compressor anti-recycle
Programmable with Seven day operation cycle
[Optional] chilled liquid and condenser water pump
on/off control
D [Optional] dual mode operation to produce Ice at
21°F-26°F for Ice thermal energy systems
AUTOMATIC CONTROLS
D
D
D
D
Variable Frequency Drive
Start delay timer
Anti-recycle timer
Oil sump heater interlock relays
REFRIGERANT FLOW CONTROLS
D Refrigerant
flow control shall be carried out
electronically by a precision electronic expansion
valve
D Liquid refrigerant level sensor for evaporator
D Compressor VFDs and load and unload solenoid
valves
INDICATING LIGHTS
D Compressor Motor high temperature
D Compressor motor overload
D System common alarm
The control system shall be provided with an antirecycle device. The control shall limit compressor
starting to a minimum of 15 minutes between starts.
SYSTEM OPERATION INFORMATION
The chiller display shall provide following operating
information
D Leaving chilled water temperature
D Leaving chilled water temperature derivative
D Evaporator pressure
D Condenser pressure
D Compressor amps draw for each compressor
D Operating supply Voltage [Optional]
D Compressor elapsed run time of each compressor
D Compressor start status
D Oil level sensor status
D Water temperature re-set value
D Water flow switch status
D External start/stop command status
D Trend graph for leaving chilled water temp
D Percentage of compressor capacity
D Electronic expansion valve percentage of opening
SAFETY PROTECTIONS
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Short circuit protection
Compressor motor over load protection (3 phase)
Compressor motor overheat protection
High discharge temperature protection
Under voltage phase failure relay
Low oil level protection via optical sensor
High condenser pressure
Low evaporator pressure
Freeze protection (low chilled liquid leaving
temperature)
D Chilled water flow loss
D Low differential pressure
D Compressor run error
D Power loss
D Sensor error
D Refrigerant loss
D Reverse rotation
Controller shall be able to retain up to 99 alarm
conditions complete with time of failure and all critical
sensor readings. This aids service technicians in their
trouble shooting task enabling downtime and nuisance
trip-outs to be minimized.
UNIT MOUNTED VARIABLE FREQUENCY
DRIVE (VFD)
Each compressor shall have separate VFD for capacity
modulation and shall be operating in tandem with the
chiller main controller.
Drive shall meets the EMC product standard EN 618003.
The VFD enclosure shall be IP54/ NEMA12 suitable for
indoor use. The drive shall be able to operate with
maximum output at 50°C ambient temp and humidity
rage from 5% to 95%.
The Motor and power cables shall be mounted securely
through glands in the base plate.
- 22 -
GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
EMC filters, harmonics suppression and brake modules
shall be integrated into the enclosure.
EXECUTION
VFD shall be able to deliver 110% torque for 60
seconds during normal operation.
INSTALLATION
Supply voltage shall be 380 – 480 V with +/- 10%
operating range.
Ramp time adjustable range shall be 1 – 3600 sec.
Maximum output frequency at frequency output shall be
from 0 to 32 kHz.
VFD shall have numerical display which shall indicate
power input, frequency, motor current and running
hour.
Temperature monitoring of the heat-sink ensures that
the frequency converter trips if the temperature reaches
95°C ± 5°C.
VFD shall have inbuilt protection mode which
automatically reduce the frequency and the modulation
process adjusted when it detects critical status such as
over current or over voltage etc.
VFD shall have inbuilt Electronic thermal motor
protection against overload.
The frequency converter shall be protected against
short-circuits on motor terminals U, V, W.
Chiller shall be installed strictly according to
manufacturer’s recommendations as stipulated in the
installation manual, drawings and tender documents.
Care should be taken to provide necessary service
clearance as required in the manufacturer’s drawing.
Install the strainers at the inlet to the evaporator to
prevent debris or other particles entering to the
evaporator during piping work and initial flushing the
system. Required coordination to be done with the
electrical contractor and the control contractors to
ensure electrical supply and required communications
links are established.
START-UP/COMMISSIONING
Chiller shall be commissioned by a service
representative from manufacturer or by their local
representative. The service personnel shall be trained
and authorized by the manufacturer for start up of the
supplied units. The start-up shall include briefing
operators on chiller operations and maintenance.
It shall also Protection against mains phase loss.
DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING
Unit shall be delivered to job site fully assembled with
all interconnecting refrigerant piping and internal wiring
ready for field installation and charged with refrigerant
and oil by manufacturer. When delivered, machine shall
be stored indoors, away from construction dirt, dust ,
moisture or any other hazardous material that would
harm the chillers. Inspect under shipping tarps, bags, or
crates to be sure there is no water collected during
transit. Protective shipping covers shall be kept with the
unit until machine is ready for installation.
WARRANTY
Chiller manufacturer’s warranty shall cover for 12
months from the date of start-up or 18 months from the
date of shipment whichever is first. The start-up shall
be carried out by an authorized service personnel and
the warranty is limited to part replacement excluding
labor and consumables such as refrigerant, oil & filter
driers etc.
- 23 -
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