Uponor Professional Plumbing Installation Guide

Uponor Professional Plumbing Installation Guide
PLUMBING SYSTEMS
HOT AND COLD POTABLE
WATER SYSTEMS
INSTALLATION GUIDE
Uponor Professional Plumbing
Installation Guide
Hot and Cold Potable Water Systems
Uponor Professional Plumbing Installation Guide
Published by Uponor, Inc.
5925 148th Street West
Apple Valley, MN 55124 USA
(800) 321- 4739
www.uponor-usa.com
© 2007 Uponor, Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Eighth Edition, October 2007
First Printing 1993
Printed in the United States of America
www.uponor-usa.com
This installation guide is published for building officials, plumbing
professionals and contractors interested in Uponor professional plumbing
systems. This manual describes general installation recommendations that
use Wirsbo AQUAPEX® tubing or Wirsbo AQUAPEX® plus tubing products.
Local code requirements should be followed.
Note: The Uponor plumbing system can include Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing
or Wirsbo AQUAPEX plus tubing. For readability, this document
will refer to both Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing and Wirsbo AQUAPEX
plus tubing as Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing when information applies
to both.
Uponor has used reasonable efforts in collecting, preparing and providing
quality information and material in this manual. However, system
enhancements may result in modification of features or specifications
without notice. For the most current technical information, go to the
Uponor website at www.uponor-usa.com.
Uponor is not liable for installation practices that deviate from this
manual or are not acceptable practices within the mechanical trades.
Refer to the Uponor Residential Fire Safety System Installation Guide to
install Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing in Uponor’s fire sprinkler system.
Please direct any questions regarding the suitability of an application or
a specific design to your local Uponor representative. For the name of
your local representative, please call toll free (800) 321-4739.
Wirsbo AQUAPEX® tubing is a registered trademark of Uponor, Inc. D’MAND® and Structured
Plumbing® are federally registered trademarks or trademarks of Advanced Conservation
Technology, Inc.
Professional Plumbing Installation Guide
i
Table of Contents
Section 1 — The Uponor Plumbing System
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Listings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Tubing Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Fire-resistant Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Firestop Listings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Section 2 — Installation Options and Applications
Structured Plumbing® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Remote Manifolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Home-run (Parallel Piping) Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Modified Home-run Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Run-and-branch Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Recirculation Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Uponor Residential Fire Safety Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Combined Potable Water and Hydronic Heating Systems . . . . . . . . 13
Hydronic Heating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Section 3 — Working with Wirsbo AQUAPEX® Tubing
Storing and Handling PEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Uncoiling PEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Bending PEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Reforming Kinked Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Thawing Frozen Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Handling Guidelines for PEX Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Section 4 — ProPEX® Fitting System
Making ProPEX Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Important Tips for a Proper ProPEX Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Making 3⁄8" ProPEX Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Important Tips for a Proper 3⁄8" ProPEX Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Disconnecting a ProPEX Brass Fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Troubleshooting ProPEX Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Cold-weather Expansions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Proper Expander Head and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Tool Depot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Handling Guidelines for EP Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
ii
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 5 — APR Fitting System
Making APR Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Section 6 — Water Service Phase
Handling and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Trench Bottom Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Good Soil Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Poor Soil Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Joining Methods and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Tubing Embedment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Water System Disinfection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Section 7 — Ground and Top-out Stage of Installation
Parts Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Installing Wirsbo AQUAPEX® Tubing During Ground Work . . . . . . . . . 35
Installing Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing in Frame Construction . . . . . . . . . 36
Tubing Runs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Recessed Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Tubing Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Manifold Placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Common Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Bend Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Drop Ear Bend Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Drop Ear Elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Metal Straight-through Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Steel-plate Protectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Water Hammer Arrestors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Shower Valve Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
ProPEX Copper Tub Ells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
ProPEX Copper Stub Ells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Hose Bibs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Pressure Testing the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Washing Machine Outlet Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Water Supply Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Ice Maker Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Optional Ice Maker Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Professional Plumbing Installation Guide
iii
Section 8 — Final Stage of Installation
Straight and Angle Stop Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Compression Stop Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Wirsbo AQUAPEX Risers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Lav Risers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Closet Risers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Section 9 — D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
System Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Installation Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Model Sizing and Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
D’MAND System Model 100 Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
D’MAND System Model 200 Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Installing the D'MAND Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Activation Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Choosing an Activation Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Wiring the Activation Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Installing the Motion Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Installing the Activation Button in a Cabinet Rail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Installing the Activation Button in Other Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Structured Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Two-loop System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
System Start-up, Testing and Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Start-up and Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Section 10 — Manifold Installation
Manifold Placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Engineered Plastic (EP) Manifold
(formerly AQUACENTER™) Placement Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
EP and Copper Manifolds Placement Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
EP Valved Manifolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Tools Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Materials Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Assembling the EP Valved Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Mounting the EP Valved Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Using the Drill Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Connecting Wirsbo AQUAPEX to the EP Valved Manifold . . . . . . . . 68
Filling and Testing the EP Valved Manifold System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
System Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Filling the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
EP Valve Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Handling Guidelines for EP Valved Manifolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
iv
www.uponor-usa.com
EP Valveless Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
EP Flow-through Valveless Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
ProPEX EP Multi-port Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
EP Branch Multi-port Tee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
EP Flow-through Multi-port Tee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Handling Guidelines for EP Multi-port Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
ProPEX Copper Manifolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
ProPEX 1" Copper Branch Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
ProPEX 1" Copper Branch Manifold with 3⁄4" ProPEX Inlet . . . . . . . 74
ProPEX 1" Copper Flow-through Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
ProPEX 1" Copper Valved Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
APR Copper Manifolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
APR 1" Copper Branch Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
APR 1" Copper Valved Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Blank Copper Manifold Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
2" Valveless Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
11⁄2" Valveless Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
1" Copper Valveless Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Section 11 — Plumbing Inspector’s Checklist
Tubing and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
EP Valved Manifolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Tubing Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Joints and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
ProPEX Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
APR Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Tubing Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
General Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Pressure Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Professional Plumbing Installation Guide
v
vi
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 1
The Uponor Plumbing System
The Uponor plumbing system consists of Wirsbo AQUAPEX® tubing,
Uponor fittings, manifolds and additional components.
PEX is an acronym for crosslinked polyethylene. The PE refers to the
raw material used to make PEX (polyethylene), and the X refers to
crosslinking the polyethylene across its molecular chains. The molecular
chains are linked into a three-dimensional network that makes PEX
remarkably durable within a wide range of temperatures and pressures.
Uponor manufactures PEX tubing using the Engel method, a hot
crosslinking process. The actual crosslinking takes place during the
extrusion process when the base polyethylene is above its crystal-melting
temperatures. Classified within the industry as PEX-a tubing, Engel-method
PEX is superior to other types of PEX, resulting in consistent, uniform
and evenly crosslinked PEX — with no weak links within its molecular
chains. Wirsbo AQUAPEX also demonstrates a great resistance to
chemical-dissolving agents. This unique structure is stable and inert, and is
unaffected by chemicals commonly found in plumbing and heating systems.
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing has been used in plumbing systems around the
world for more than 30 years — longer than any other flexible plumbing
system on the market.
Applications
Uses for Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing include:
• Potable hot and cold water distribution
• Water service
• Hydronic radiant floor, radiant ceiling, baseboard and
radiator connections
• Snow and ice melting systems
• Turf conditioning systems
• Fire protection systems
• Permafrost systems
Section 1 – The Uponor Plumbing System
1
Ratings, Standards, Listings and Codes
Our extensive listings and history of system testing means that Wirsbo
AQUAPEX can be installed in many types of residential and commercial
structures, including, but not limited to:
• Homes
• Townhomes
• Schools
• Daycare Centers
• Theatres
• Churches
• Nursing Homes
• Hotels
• Restaurants
• Gymnasiums
• Hospitals
• Apartments
Ratings
Wirsbo AQUAPEX has Standard Grade Hydrostatic Stress and Pressure
Ratings in accordance with all four temperatures and pressures listed in
Table 1 of ASTM F876. AQUAPEX tubing is tested in accordance with
Plastic Pipe Institute (PPI) TR-3 and listed in PPI TR-4. The Standard
Grade hydrostatic ratings are:
• 200°F at 80 psi
• 180°F at 100 psi
• 73.4°F at 160 psi
The Hydrostatic Stress Board of PPI issues these pressure and
temperature ratings.
Wirsbo AQUAPEX has an additional rating of 120°F at 130 psi in
accordance with UL1821 for 1⁄2-inch tubing.
Standards
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing; ProPEX advanced engineered plastic (EP)
fittings; ProPEX and APR brass fittings; and copper and EP manifolds are
manufactured to the following standards.
• ASTM F876 “Standard Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene
(PEX) Tubing”1
• ASTM F877 “Standard Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene
(PEX) Plastic Hot- and Cold-Water Distribution Systems”
• ASTM F2023 “Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Oxidative
Resistance of Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing and Systems to
Hot Chlorinated Water”
• ASTM F1960 “Standard Specification for Cold Expansion Fittings
with PEX Reinforcing Rings for Use with Crosslinked Polyethylene
(PEX) Tubing”
• ASTM F2080 “Standard Specification for Cold-Expansion Fittings with
Metal Compression Sleeves for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe”
2
www.uponor-usa.com
• ANSI/NSF Standard 14 “Plastics Piping System Components and
Related Materials”
• ANSI/NSF Standard 61 “Drinking Water System Components —
Health Effects”
• UL 1821 Thermoplastics Sprinkler Pipe & Fittings for Fire Protection
Service ( 1⁄2" Wirsbo AQUAPEX only)
• The Canadian Standards Association Standard CAN/CSA B 137.5M,
“Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing Systems For Pressure Applications”
1
Compliance with ASTM F876 includes testing in accordance with ASTM 2023 “Test Method
for Evaluating the Oxidative Resistance of Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing and
Systems to Hot Chlorinated Water”
Listings
Wirsbo AQUAPEX is listed with the following agencies.
• ANSI/NSF 14 and 61 Certified
• Council of America Building Officials (CABO) One and Two Family
Dwelling Code
• Heating Application Baseboard
• ICC ESR-1099
• UPC Listing — Files 3558, 3946, 3960
• U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
Material Release Number 1269
• Crosslinked Polyethylene Sprinkler and Fittings VIXR.EX5219
Codes
Wirsbo AQUAPEX listed to F876 and F877 is approved in the following
model codes.
• International Plumbing Code (IPC)
• Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC)
• National Standard Plumbing Code (NSPC)
Wirsbo AQUAPEX is listed in the following model codes for water service.
• IPC
• UPC
• NSPC
Check with your local Uponor representative for code compliance in
your area.
Section 1 – The Uponor Plumbing System
3
Tubing Identification
The labeling (print line) on Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing provides several identifications. For example, 1⁄2" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing reads as follows:
WIRSBO AQUAPEX® PEX 1006 1⁄2 IN SDR9/ B137.5 POTABLE /
130PSI 120°F UL1821/ULC-ORD C199P1 ( ASTM F876/F877/F2023)
(ASTM F1960/F2080)
/ICC ESR-1099/ ICBO ES ER4407/ HUD
MR1269b (WHI-LISTED CAN/US FS25/SD50)/160PSI 73.4°F/100PSI
180°F/80PSI 200°F WIRSBO-PEX-a TUBING UN049501272 xxxxxx3
Print Stream on Tubing
Explanation
WIRSBO AQUAPEX®
PEX 1006
⁄2 IN
SDR9
B137.5 POTABLE
1
130PSI 120º UL 1821
ULC-ORD C199P
ASTM F876/F877/F2023
ASTM F1960/F2080
ICC ESR-1099
ICBO ES ER4407
HUD MR1269b
WHI-LISTED CAN/US FS25/SD50
160PSI 73.4ºF/100PSI
180ºF/80PSI 200ºF
WIRSBO-PEX-a TUBING
UN04950127
xxxxxx
Brand Name
ASTM F2023 testing I/A/W
ASTM F876
Tubing Size (example: 1⁄2 inch)
Standard Dimensional Ratio of 9
Potable Water Listing by CSA
Rating I/A/W UL 1821 (1⁄2", 3⁄4" &
1" only)
Canadian Rating I/A/W UL 1821
and C199P
Tubing Standards listed by NSF
Fitting Standards listed by NSF
IAPMO Reports 3558, 3946, 3960
ICC Evaluation Services
Report 1099
ICBO Evaluation Services
Report ER4407
HUD Material Release
Report 1269b
Warnock Hersey listing for 25/50
Plenum Rating
Hydrostatic Ratings from PPI per
ASTM F876
Type of Crosslinking (PEX-a)
Manufacturing Code to audit
material source
Footage marker in increments
of three feet
1
For 1⁄2 -inch tubing only
USA, Material Type, Extruder No., Year, Month, Day
3
Footage marking in increments of three
2
4
www.uponor-usa.com
Fire-resistant Construction Standards
National building codes, such as the IBC and UBC, require that products
used in construction meet specific standards. Uponor PEX has achieved the
following fire-resistant construction ratings when tested in accordance with
the applicable standards.
• ANSI/UL 263 (ASTM E119, NFPA No. 251) “Standard for Safety for Fire
Tests of Building Construction and Materials”
– UL Design No. L557 rating applies to 1⁄2", 3⁄4", 1", 11⁄4", 11⁄2", and 2"
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing, fittings and manifolds installed in one-hour
wood frame floor and ceiling assemblies.
– UL Design No. K913 rating applies to 1⁄2", 3⁄4", 1", 11⁄4", 11⁄2", and 2"
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing, fittings and manifolds installed in oneand two-hour concrete floor/ceiling unrestrained (and restrained)
assemblies.
– UL Design No. V444 rating applies to 1⁄2", 3⁄4", 1", 11⁄4", 11⁄2", and 2"
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing, fittings and manifolds installed in one-hour
steel stud/gypsum wallboard wall assemblies.
– UL Design No. U372 rating applies to 1⁄2", 3⁄4", 1", 11⁄4", 11⁄2", and 2"
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing, fittings and manifolds installed in one-hour
wood stud/gypsum.
• ASTM E84, “Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of
Building Materials”
– Certification of flame spread/smoke development rating of 25/50 in
accordance with ASTM E84 for 3⁄8" through 2" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing.
Note: Uponor’s 3⁄4" through 2" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing meets the
ASTM E84 requirements if covered with 1⁄2" fiberglass insulation.
The tubing runs may be 0" apart for a maximum of three adjacent
pipes with an additional 18" spacing to the next pipe runs. There
shall be no exposed tubing.
Note: The listing to ASTM E84 requires that tubing runs are located at
least 18 inches apart for 3⁄8" through 3⁄4" tubing without insulation.
Section 1 – The Uponor Plumbing System
5
Firestop Listings
Numerous firestop manufacturers have tested their products with PEX
tubing. These tests establish the installation procedures for installing the
firestop around the PEX tubing at the penetration. These test assemblies
are divided into sections based on the type of penetration (e.g., wall, floor
and ceiling, etc.).
Not all caulks are approved for all penetrations. Ensure the penetration
is sealed in accordance with the appropriate test assembly using that
manufacturer's recommended type of firestop material. Larger penetrations
may not use a caulk type of firestop, but rather a wrap or collar assembly
may be required. Refer to the respective firestop manufacturer for more
information pertaining to the appropriate application of their products.
6
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 2
Installation Options
and Applications
This section outlines the five installation options for Wirsbo
AQUAPEX tubing.
1. Structured Plumbing®
Remote Manifolds with On-demand or Timed Recirculation
Installation Considerations
• Manifolds are located near fixture groups.
• The short drop length (from supply line to fixtures) minimizes the amount
of water that needs to be purged for hot water to flow from a fixture.
• An extension of the hot-water supply line becomes a return line to allow
recirculation of hot water.
• On-demand recirculation provides significant water and
energy savings.
• This method takes advantage of the benefits derived from the flexibility
of PEX tubing.
• This installation method features a significant reduction in the number of
individual connections (compared to run-and-branch).
Section 2 – Installation Options and Applications
7
2. Remote Manifolds
Installation Considerations
• Branch manifolds are located near fixture groupings.
• This method takes advantage of the flexibility of PEX tubing.
• This installation method features a significant reduction in the
number of individual connections (compared to run-and-branch).
8
www.uponor-usa.com
3. Home-run (Parallel Piping) Installation
Installation Considerations
• Centralized manifold(s) distribute water to points-of-use.
• Manifolds may be valved or valveless and located near a hot-water source
and cold-water incoming supply.
• If valved manifolds are used, water supply to fixtures may be
controlled at the manifold (check local codes).
• This installation method features dedicated supply lines from manifold
to each individual fixture.
• This method minimizes the number of connection points (fittings)
in overall system.
• This method may generally require more tubing (total length) than in
other configurations.
• High tubing density at some points requires space planning.
• This method can result in reduced waiting time for hot water at
fixtures if dedicated supply lines are shortened. Uponor recommends
less than 50 feet.
Section 2 – Installation Options and Applications
9
4. Modified Home-run Installation
Installation Considerations
• This method is similar to home run, but uses several flow-through
sub-manifolds instead of centralized manifolds.
• Sub-manifolds may be either valved or valveless. Valveless sub-manifolds
can be installed behind a wall or in an inaccessible location.
• This method typically uses less tubing (total length) than a
home-run system.
• This method features lower tubing density (at some points) than the
home-run method.
• This method may provide faster hot-water delivery to individual fixtures
compared to some other configurations.
10
www.uponor-usa.com
5. Run-and-branch Installation
Installation Considerations
• This is the same method as used for configuring rigid plumbing systems
(copper or CPVC).
• A directional fitting (e.g., tee or ell) is used each time as necessary
to change the direction of a tubing run.
• This method requires more fittings than most other configurations.
• The flexibility of PEX is not used to its best advantage.
• Hot-water delivery may be slow due to the large volume of water
in the system.
Section 2 – Installation Options and Applications
11
Applications
Recirculation Systems
Based on our extensive history of use and testing, Uponor provides the
following guidelines for using Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing and corresponding
fitting systems in recirculating systems.
1. Uponor highly recommends using the Uponor D’MAND® Hot Water
Delivery system for optimized system performance. The D’MAND system
delivers hot water only when called for by the end user, providing fast
hot water delivery while maximizing water and energy savings. Wirsbo
AQUAPEX is ideally suited for systems operating up to 140ºF.
2. Wirsbo AQUAPEX may be used in timed recirculation systems operating
at temperatures not exceeding 14 0ºF.
3. Wirsbo AQUAPEX may be used in continuous recirculation systems
operating at temperatures not exceeding 140ºF.
Note: Uponor does not promote the use of continuous recirculation
due to excessive energy waste.
4. The tubing is marked with the following designation as required by the
most recent edition of ASTM F876: PEX 1006. The first digit indicates
chlorine-resistance testing. 1 = Compliance with ASTM F876 chlorineresistance testing. 0 = no chlorine resistance or not tested.
5. Do not exceed the published temperature and pressure ratings of
the tubing.
6. Using recirculation systems may increase the risk of scalding. Thus,
Uponor recommends limiting the delivered water temperature to 120 ºF
in all cases.
Uponor Residential Fire Safety Systems
The Uponor Residential Fire Safety System was developed by Uponor as a
residential fire protection system that is installed in combination
with the cold side of the domestic potable water system. Only licensed
contractors trained by Uponor can install this system. Contact your local
Uponor representative for more information concerning training and
project support for the Uponor Residential Fire Safety System.
12
www.uponor-usa.com
Combined Potable Water and Hydronic Heating Systems
Wirsbo AQUAPEX is used in combined potable water and hydronic heating
systems only where allowed by code. Depending on the heating control
strategy employed, these systems typically do not exceed 140 ºF. Should
the system water temperature exceed 14 0 ºF, the installing contractor is
responsible for providing anti-scald devices to protect the inhabitants. In
addition, the installer must ensure, and is responsible for, providing weekly
off-season (summer) circulation through the heating portion of the system
to prevent water stagnation.
Refer to your local plumbing and heating code official as to whether these
combined systems are allowed in your area. If allowed within your area,
ensure a proper heat loss and design is completed that considers the loss
of heat energy between the two systems and the resulting impact on
either system’s performance.
Hydronic Heating Systems
Wirsbo AQUAPEX can be used in closed-loop hydronic heating systems
operating at sustained temperatures up to 180°F, provided any issues
concerning oxygen diffusion are properly addressed. Corrodible or ferrous
components may not be used in a system designed with Wirsbo AQUAPEX
unless these components are isolated from the tubing.
Please see the Uponor Complete Design Assistance Manual (CDAM) for
information about using Wirsbo AQUAPEX in hydronic radiant heating
systems. Refer to the Uponor Snow and Ice Melting Design Manual for
information about using Wirsbo AQUAPEX for snow-melting applications.
Section 2 – Installation Options and Applications
13
14
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 3
Working with
Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing
Storing and Handling PEX
Caution:
• Do not store PEX tubing outdoors.
• Keep PEX tubing in the original packaging until time
of installation.
• Ensure that exposure to sunlight during installation does
not exceed the maximum recommended UV exposure time
of 30 days.
Uncoiling PEX
We recommend the Uponor Select Uncoiler (E6062000), Uponor Compact
Select Uncoiler (E6063000) or Uponor Tube Uncoiler (E6061000) to
facilitate convenient uncoiling of PEX tubing. If one is not available,
construct a suitable uncoiler.
Bending PEX
The minimum bend radius of Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing is six times the
outside diameter.
Bend supports are available for 3⁄8", 1⁄2", 3⁄4" and 1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX
tubing to facilitate 90-degree rigid bends.
Reforming Kinked Tubing
If the tubing is kinked and hinders flow, repairs can be made easily.
1. Make sure the system is not pressurized.
2. Straighten the kinked portion of the tubing.
3. Heat the kinked area to approximately 265°F with an electric heat gun
(approximately 450 watts of power). Apply the heat evenly until the
tubing returns to its original size and shape. Do not use an open flame.
4. Let the repaired Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing cool undisturbed to room
temperature. When the tubing returns to its opaque appearance, the
repair is complete.
Caution: Do not allow the temperature of the tubing surface
to exceed 338°F. Do not apply direct flame to Wirsbo
AQUAPEX tubing.
Section 3 – Working with Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing
15
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing repaired according to these recommendations
will return to its original shape and strength. If Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing
is sliced, punctured or otherwise damaged beyond the capacity of the
crosslinked memory, it is necessary to install a coupling. Crosslinked
polyethylene cannot be welded or repaired with adhesives.
Note: You may temporarily affix adhesive tape to PEX tubing or EP fittings
during installation. However, to protect the integrity of the system,
the tape should not be permanent. Remove the tape and residual
adhesive after completing the installation.
Thawing Frozen Tubing
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing has the ability to withstand extreme freeze-thaw
cycles better than other tubing or pipe. The crosslinked structure of the
tubing allows it to expand and absorb much of the expansion energy from
the freezing process. No tubing product is freeze-proof, but Wirsbo
AQUAPEX tubing is extremely resistant to freeze damage.
If freezing occurs, the contractor should advise the end user to correct
the lack of insulation or heat to eliminate the problem from reoccurring.
Should the PEX tubing experience an ice blockage, use the following
methods to thaw the tubing.
1. Pour hot water over the affected area of the tubing.
2. Wrap hot towels around the affected area of the tubing.
3. Place a small portable heating device in the area to heat the space and
thaw the ice blockage from the tubing.
4. Slowly heat the affected area of the tubing with a heat gun. Rub your
hand over the area while heating the tubing to ensure the tubing does
not get too hot.
5. Use a commercial system that pumps hot water to the ice blockage and
returns the cooled water to be reheated.
16
www.uponor-usa.com
Handling Guidelines for PEX Tubing
Although not comprehensive, the following highlights the most common
guidelines to use when handling Uponor PEX tubing:
• Install Uponor systems according to the manufacturer's installation
instructions. Failure to follow the instructions and installation guidelines
can result in the failure of Uponor systems.
• Do not use Uponor PEX where temperatures and pressures
exceed ratings.
• Do not use or store Uponor PEX where it will be exposed to direct
sunlight for more than 30 days.
• Do not weld, glue or use adhesives or adhesive tape with Uponor PEX.1
• Do not apply open flame to Uponor PEX.
• Do not install Uponor PEX within 6 inches of any gas appliance vents,
with the exception of double-wall B-vents, which have a minimum
clearance of 1 inch.
• Do not install Uponor PEX within 12 inches of any recessed light fixtures,
unless the PEX line is protected with suitable insulation.
• Do not solder within 18 inches of any Uponor PEX tubing in the
same water line. Make all sweat connections prior to making the
fitting connection.
• Do not use Uponor PEX to convey natural gas.
• Do not install Uponor PEX between the tub/shower valve and tub spout.
• Do not use Uponor PEX for an electrical ground.
• Do not spray on or allow organic chemicals, pesticides, strong acids or
strong bases to come into contact with Uponor PEX.
• Do not use petroleum or solvent-based paints on Uponor PEX.
• Use only approved and appropriate firestop materials with Uponor PEX.
• Do not allow rodents, insects or other pests to come into contact with
Uponor PEX tubing.
• Do not subject Uponor PEX to impact.
• During remodeling or ceiling repair, implement appropriate precautions to
protect the tubing from damage.
• Uponor PEX and fittings are intended for use in systems outlined on page 1.
1
You may temporarily affix adhesive tape to PEX tubing during installation. However, to protect
the integrity of the system, the tape should not be permanent. Remove the tape and residual
adhesive after completing the installation.
Section 3 – Working with Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing
17
18
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 4
ProPEX ® Fitting System
Uponor ProPEX® fittings, manufactured to ASTM F1960, are designed
for use with Wirsbo AQUAPEX ASTM F876 and F877 tubing. Make
connections by sliding a ProPEX Ring over the PEX tubing and expanding
them simultaneously. The expanded tubing and ProPEX Ring then slide over
the fitting. The connection is made as the PEX tubing shrinks over the fitting
because of the unique shape memory of Wirsbo AQUAPEX.
Uponor offers ProPEX fittings made from EP or brass. Both are
NSF-61 certified.
Making ProPEX Connections
Make strong, reliable connections using one of Uponor’s expander tools
(battery, air or hand). The steps are virtually the same for all three tools —
with a slight variation in step 3.
1. Square-cut the PEX tubing
perpendicular to the length of the
tubing. Remove all excess material
or burrs that might affect the
fitting connection.
2. Slide the ProPEX Ring over the
end of the tubing. Extend the
end of the ring over the end of
the tubing no more than 1⁄16 inch
(1mm).
1
2
3. When using the ProPEX Hand
Expander Tool, brace the free
handle of the tool against your
hip, or place one hand on each
handle. Fully separate the handles
3
and slide the expander head into
the tubing until it stops. Full
expansions are necessary to make
a proper connection. Bring the
handles together to expand.
Separate the handles, remove the
head from the tubing and rotate it
one-eighth turn. Slide the tool head into the tubing
in the newly rotated position and expand again.
Section 4 – ProPEX Fitting System
19
4. When using the ProPEX Air or
Battery Expander tools, slide the
expander head into the tubing
until it stops. Full expansions
are necessary to make a proper
connection. Press the trigger
to expand.
5. Release the trigger, remove the
head from the tubing and rotate
it 1⁄8 turn after each expansion.
Slide the tool head into the tubing
in the newly rotated position and
expand again.
Important:
Rotate the tool one-eighth
turn in either direction
after each expansion to
provide smooth and
even expansion of the
tubing. If the head is
not repositioned after
each expansion, the
segments on the tool
head may cause deep
grooves in the tubing.
These grooves can result
in potential leak paths.
4
5
Expansion without proper rotation
Note: It is not necessary to rotate
the tool in only one direction.
Alternating the turning
Expansion with proper rotation
direction will ease expansion
in confined spaces. The photos above
show enlarged views inside expanded tubing.
6. Repeat the expansion process
until the tubing and ring are
snug against the shoulder on the
expander head. See Table 4-1
for the recommended number of
expansions for each tubing size.
20
6
www.uponor-usa.com
Tubing
Ring
Size
Marking
⁄8"
1
⁄2"
3
⁄4"
1"
11⁄4"
11⁄2"
2"
3
⁄8"
1
⁄2"
3
⁄4"
1"
11⁄4"
11⁄2"
2"
3
Head Marking
Manual
⁄8"
1
⁄2"
3
⁄4"
1"
—
—
—
3
Number of Expansions
Air Exp
Battery Exp
Manual
Air Exp
Battery Exp
⁄8"
1
⁄2"
3
⁄4"
1"
—
—
—
—
1
⁄2"
3
⁄4"H
1"H
11⁄4"H
11⁄2"H
2"H
4-5
3-4
7-9
12-14
—
—
—
4-5
3-4
7-9
12-14
—
—
—
6-7
3-4
6-7H
6-7H
6-7H
6-7H
4-5H
3
Table 4-1
Note: H referenced in the table above refers to the H-series expander heads.
7. Immediately remove the ProPEX expander tool. As you slide the
tubing over the fitting, you should feel some resistance. If the tubing
reaches the shoulder of the fitting
without any resistance, the tubing 7
may be over-expanded and may
require additional time to fully
shrink over the fitting. The tubing
and ProPEX Ring should seat
against the shoulder of the
fitting for a proper connection.
Important Tips for a
Proper ProPEX Connection
• If the fitting does not slide into
the tubing all the way to the stop,
immediately remove it from the
tubing and expand the tubing
one final time.
Note: To avoid over-expanding the tubing, do not hold the tubing in
the expanded position.
• The number of expansions in Table 4 -1 is the recommended number
of expansions. Experience, technique and weather conditions influence
the actual number of expansions. Fewer expansions may be necessary
under certain conditions. The correct number of expansions is the
amount necessary for the tubing and the shoulder of the fitting to fit
snugly together.
• Good connections result when the ProPEX Ring rests snugly against
the stop of the ProPEX fitting shoulder. If there is more than 1⁄16 inch
between the ring and the shoulder of the fitting, square-cut the tubing
2 inches away from the fitting, and make another connection using a
new ProPEX Ring.
Section 4 – ProPEX Fitting System
21
Making 3⁄8" ProPEX Connections
The 3⁄8" ProPEX Ring is smaller and thicker than the ProPEX Rings used
for other tubing sizes. The 3⁄8" ProPEX Ring must be expanded once on
each side to properly fit over the tubing. Expansion of the ProPEX Ring
is only necessary for 3⁄8" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing.
1. Square-cut the 3⁄8" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing perpendicular to the length
of the tubing.
2. Expand each side of the 3⁄8" ProPEX Ring with the ProPEX Expander
Tool once.
3. Slide the expanded 3⁄8" ProPEX Ring over the end of the tubing.
Extend the end of the ring over the end of the tubing no more
than 1⁄16 inch (1mm).
Once the 3⁄8" ProPEX Ring is properly expanded and on the tubing, refer to
steps 3 through 5 on pages 19 and 20 for further instruction.
Important Tips for a Proper 3⁄8" ProPEX Connection
• When the temperature is above 40°F, ProPEX connections to 3⁄8" Wirsbo
AQUAPEX tubing require four to five expansions. When the temperature
is below 40°F, only four expansions are necessary.
• The thicker ProPEX Ring used for 3⁄8" ProPEX connections shrinks over
the fitting faster than other size rings.
Disconnecting a ProPEX Brass Fitting
ProPEX Brass Fittings are manufactured connections and can be concealed
in walls, ceilings and floors.
However, when necessary, ProPEX Brass Fittings can be disconnected (APR
and EP fittings cannot be reclaimed or reused). To disconnect a ProPEX
Brass Fitting:
1. Make sure the system is not pressurized.
2. Use a heat gun to heat one side of the ProPEX Ring. When the ring is
clear, use a utility knife to carefully cut through the ring. Take care to cut
only the ring and not the tubing. This will protect the fitting from being
gouged by the knife. Remove the ProPEX Ring from the tubing with
pliers or another tool to avoid touching the hot ring.
Note: Do not gouge the fitting when cutting the ProPEX Ring. Nicks
and gouges in the fitting may result in leaks. If nicked, discard
the fitting.
3. Remove the ProPEX Ring and apply heat directly around the fitting and
tubing connection. Gently work the tubing back and forth while pulling
slightly away from the fitting until the tubing separates from the fitting.
22
www.uponor-usa.com
4. After removing the tubing from the fitting, square-cut the tubing
2 inches (minimum) from the end of the tubing.
5. Use a new ProPEX Ring and follow the steps to make a new ProPEX
connection (see page 19). Allow the fitting to cool before attempting
to make another connection.
Troubleshooting ProPEX Connections
Trouble-free ProPEX installations begin with a ProPEX Expander Tool that
is maintained in proper working condition. If the tool or segment fingers
are damaged, it is very difficult to make a proper connection. The following
troubleshooting suggestions are designed to assist with problems in
the field.
For Fittings That will not Seal:
• Make sure the expander head is securely screwed onto the tool
(hand-tightened).
• Make sure the segment fingers are not bent. If the head does not
completely close when the battery tool’s drive unit is fully retracted or
the handles of the manual tool are open, replace the head.
• Examine the tool for excess grease on the segment fingers. Remove
excess grease prior to making ProPEX connections.
• Examine the fitting for any damage. Nicks and gouges on the fitting will
cause the fitting to leak.
• Make sure the internal driver cone is not damaged or bent.
• Make sure the last expansion is not held in the expanded position before
the fitting is inserted. The longer the tubing and ProPEX Ring are held in
the expanded position, the greater the chance for a leak.
• Be sure to rotate the tool one-eighth turn after each expansion.
If Expansion is Difficult:
• Make sure the internal cone is properly greased.
If the Expansion Head Slips out of the Tubing When
Making Expansions:
• Ensure the tubing and ProPEX Ring are dry.
• Make sure that grease is not getting into the tubing.
• Examine the segment fingers to make sure that none are bent.
Section 4 – ProPEX Fitting System
23
If the ProPEX Ring Slides Down the Tubing During Expansion:
• Ensure your hands are clean while handling the tubing. Any sweat or oils
on your hands can act as a lubricant. Due to the smoothness of PEX, any
form of lubricant can cause the ProPEX Ring to slide across the tubing
during expansion.
• If you anticipate the ring may possibly slide down, position the ProPEX
Ring slightly farther over the end of the tubing and make the first
couple of expansions slowly. Once the ring and the tubing begin to
expand together, you can continue with the normal number and type
of expansions.
• Place your thumb against the ProPEX Ring to help support it and feel for
any movement. If caught early, slide the ring up the tubing and expand
as described in the previous bullet point.
If More Than the Recommended Number of Expansions are Needed
to Make a Connection:
• Make sure that the head is hand-tightened to the expander tool.
• Examine the segment fingers to make sure that none are bent.
• Be sure to completely cycle the tool on each expansion, (e.g., close
the manual tool handle or release the battery expander tool trigger).
Cold-weather Expansions
• Temperatures affect the time required for the tubing and ring to
shrink onto the fitting. The colder the temperature, the slower the
contraction time.
• Warming ProPEX fittings and ProPEX Rings reduces contraction time. Put
fittings and rings in your pockets prior to installation to keep them warm.
• Make ProPEX connections at temperatures above 5°F (-15°C).
• Fewer expansions are necessary in temperatures below 40ºF.
Proper Expander Tool and Head Maintenance
The ProPEX expander tools are sturdy, but must be handled with care to
prevent possible damage to the cone and the expander heads.
• Remove and clean the segment fingers as needed.
• Remove the segments from the attachment ring by pushing the segment
finger down toward the opening in the ring. Once the first segment is
removed, the rest follow easily.
24
www.uponor-usa.com
• Place the segments on a flat surface with the ridges facing up. The
fingers should lay flat without any curve in the middle. If the segments
are bent, replace the head immediately.
• To reassemble, replace the segment fingers one at a time to the
attachment ring by sliding the grooved portion of the segment fingers
over the spring in the attachment ring. The narrow end of the segment
fingers point away from the solid side of the attachment ring. Hold these
segment fingers in place with your thumb as the remaining segment
fingers are inserted.
• Once the expander head is cleaned and reassembled, use a lint-free
cloth to apply a light coat of lubricant to the cone prior to making any
ProPEX connections.
• Apply the lubricant daily if used regularly.
• Keep all other parts of the tool free from lubricant.
• The Hand Expander Tool handles will open and close smoothly if the tool
is properly lubricated.
• Failure to properly lubricate the tool may result in improper connections.
Caution: Excessive lubrication may result in improper connections. Only use a small amount of lubrication to keep the tool
working properly.
• Once a month, soak the heads in degreasing agent to remove any grease
from between the segments. Clean the cone using a clean, dry cloth.
• Store the tool and expander heads in the case. Store the tool with an
expansion head in place to protect the cone.
• Store the tool in a dry location to prevent rust.
Tool Depot
Uponor offers the Tool Depot as a convenient way to repair or replace
tools quickly and easily. For more information, contact Uponor Technical
Services toll free at (800) 321- 4739, or go to www.uponor-usa.com and
click on Online Services. For access to the Tool Depot, please use tool for
your username, and depot for the password. First-time users must
complete a registration form. Contractors with existing accounts do not
need to re-register.
Section 4 – ProPEX Fitting System
25
Handling Guidelines for EP Fittings
Although not comprehensive, the following highlights the most
common guidelines to use when handling EP fittings:
• Do not solder within 18 inches of any EP fittings in the same water line.
Sweat connections must be made prior to making the ProPEX connection.
• Do not subject EP fittings to impact.
• Do not use adhesives or adhesive tape with EP fittings.1
• Do not expose EP fittings to open flame.
• Do not allow solder, flux, pipe dope, solvents or urethane foams
to come in contact with EP fittings as immediate damage may result.
• Never pull or drag tubing by the installed EP fittings.
• Do not expose EP fittings to excessive bending loads (greater than
100 lbs.).
• Do not use EP fittings where temperatures and pressures exceed ratings.
• Do not spray on or allow organic chemicals, strong acids or strong
bases to come into contact with EP fittings.
• Do not use petroleum or solvent-based paints on EP fittings.
• Do not allow rodents, insects or other pests to come into contact
with EP fittings.
1
26
You may temporarily affix adhesive tape to EP fittings during installation. However, to protect
the integrity of the system, the tape should not be permanent. Remove the tape and residual
adhesive after completing the installation.
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 5
APR Fitting System
The Uponor APR fitting system complements our ProPEX fitting technology,
and is designed to provide an optional method for connecting Wirsbo
AQUAPEX.
APR fittings use an expander tool to expand the tubing enough to insert a
brass fitting, and a ratchet tool to slide a brass sleeve over the tubing and
the fitting.
Note: The APR tools and expander heads are not interchangeable with the
ProPEX tools and expander heads.
Making APR Connections
Follow the steps below to make a proper APR connection.
1. Prepare the APR Blunt Expander
Tool. Before placing the expander
head on the tool, ensure the APR
Blunt Expander Tool cone is clean.
Apply a very thin film of graphite
grease on the cone, if needed.
Hold the tool by its swing handle
and thread the expander head
onto the tool.
2. Select and prepare the proper
APR Ratchet Tool, red (1⁄2 - and
3
⁄4 -inch) or black (all sizes). To
change jaws on the APR Ratchet
Tool, open the handles slightly to
relieve pressure against the jaws.
Push the retaining pin back and
pull the head of the pin away
from the tool.
1
2
Retaining Pin
3
3. Pull the jaw from the tool. Repeat
the procedure for the other jaw.
To install a new jaw set, reverse
the removal sequence. Each jaw
set is labeled with the respective
PEX tubing size.
Section 5 – APR Fitting System
27
4. Install the jaws so they form a
V shape.
4
5. Push the release pin down on the
handle to reset the tool handles
for storage. The reset pin should
face down when stored in
the case.
6. Cut the PEX tubing. Make a clean
perpendicular cut on the tubing
using only an appropriate PEX
tubing cutter. Do not use knives,
hacksaws or other means of
cutting the tubing. Ensure the
cut end of the tubing is free of
burrs or jagged ends.
7. Install the appropriate size brass
sleeve onto the tubing. Ensure
the flush end of the sleeve with
the fitting marking (e.g., size,
designation, etc.) is placed onto
the tubing first. The 30-degree
beveled end of the sleeve must
face the cut end of the tubing.
Slide the sleeve far enough down
the tubing so it does not interfere
with the expansion.
8. Expand the tubing twice. Ensure
the proper expander head is
installed on the tool prior to
expanding. Hold the APR Blunt
Expander Tool by its swing handle
and insert the nose of the
expander head into the PEX
tubing until the tubing is
against the shoulder of the
expander head.
28
5
6
7
8
www.uponor-usa.com
9. While keeping slight pressure
against the tubing and tool, bring
the handles together for the first
expansion. Next, fully open the
handle and rotate either the tool
or the tubing one-eighth turn
and complete the second and
final expansion.
Note: Do not use the ProPEX
Expander Tool for
APR fittings.
10. Quickly remove the APR Blunt
Expander Tool and insert the
appropriate fitting into the
tubing. Slide the brass sleeve
toward the fitting.
9
10
First Barb
11
Note: The tubing should stop
before the first barb
located next to the fitting
shoulder, but not past it.
11. Align the PEX tubing, brass
sleeve and APR fitting onto
the APR Ratchet Tool. Once in
place, ratchet the tool to slide
the brass sleeve over the tubing
and fitting. Stop ratcheting the
tool once the brass sleeve is
snug against the shoulder of
the fitting.
12
12. Visually inspect the fitting. Remove the APR Ratchet Tool from the
fitting assembly and ensure the fitting is secure and complete. The
maximum gap between the brass sleeve and the shoulder of the fitting
should not exceed 1⁄32 inch.
Note: You cannot reuse or reclaim an APR fitting.
13. Close the fitting. The minimum distance between two fittings in line
is 6 inches from the shoulder of one fitting to the shoulder of the
other fitting. This distance will ensure room for making the second
fitting without damaging the tools or experiencing difficulty with the
brass sleeve.
Section 5 – APR Fitting System
29
30
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 6
Water Service Phase
Handling and Repairs
Although Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing is highly resistant to kinking and abrasion,
it is important to take care while handling and installing the tubing to prevent
damage and possible failure. If damage occurs during installation, the area
should be cut out and repaired before backfilling.
To reform kinked tubing see Section 3. If damaged beyond the tubing’s
thermal memory capacity, use a ProPEX Repair Coupling. Do not reuse or
reclaim APR or EP fittings.
Trench Bottom Preparation
To achieve a satisfactory installation, it is essential that the supporting soil
provides a stable and continuous support for the tubing.
Good Soil Conditions — If the trench is cut smoothly, install the tubing
directly on the prepared bottom. The bottom must be flat with no hollows,
lumps or rocks.
Minimum 24" for
Vehicular Traffic
AQUAPEX Tubing
Excavation
Level
Desired Tubing
Elevation
Poor Soil Conditions — In rocky, clay, muddy or other poor soil
conditions, it may be necessary to prepare the trench bottom using
granular material of such size and grading to provide a stable base.
See your local code for additional requirements.
Minimum 24" for
Vehicular Traffic
AQUAPEX Tubing
Fill Level
Excavation
Level
Desired Tubing
Elevation
Section 6 – Water Ser vice Phase
31
Installation
Install Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing underground in a manner that ensures
external loads will not subsequently cause a decrease in the vertical
dimension of the cross section of the tubing that exceeds 5% of the
outside diameter. Install Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing in a snaking pattern
with sufficient slack in the line to provide an allowance for contraction
of the line due to temperature change prior to backfilling. The linear
expansion rate for Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing is approximately 1.1 inch per
10°F temperature change for every 100 feet of tubing.
Note: Do not use blocking to support the tubing or change the tubing
grade. Do not install potable water service tubing in, under or above
cesspools, septic tanks, septic tank drainage fields or pits.
Joining Methods and Fittings
Use ProPEX, APR or approved compression fittings to connect tubing to
itself or to the corporation and curb stops. Check with Uponor or the fitting
manufacturer for application suitability and proper usage instructions.
For applications requiring direct burial, Uponor offers DZR brass ProPEX or
APR fittings for Uponor large-dimension Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing. DZR
brass is a low-lead material that is resistant to aggressive soil and water and
meets the requirements of NSF 61.
Note: Water service fittings designed for SDR-9 tubing, such as Mueller
110 and Philmac #2 (3⁄4-inch) and #3 (1-inch) fittings, are approved
for Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing in cold-water service applications. Other
fittings designed for SDR-9 tubing may also be used. A polyethylene
stiffener is required for use with these fittings. Please contact the
fitting manufacturer for temperature and pressure ratings.
32
www.uponor-usa.com
Tubing Embedment
Proper soil selection, placement and compaction are essential in the area
around the tubing. Backfill the tubing with sand or gravel of 3⁄4-inch
maximum particle size.
Compact the initial backfill around the tubing to provide adequate tubing
support and prevent settlement. It is particularly important to adequately
compact the soil around the tap connection. It is recommended to pressurize
the tubing prior to backfilling to reveal any damage. In heavy vehicular
traffic areas, compact backfill to 90% of maximum soil density.
Do not use highly plastic clays, silts, organic materials or sharp or large
rocks as backfill in the immediate vicinity of the tubing. Compact the
backfill from the subgrade to a level per local code that will cover the
tubing 4 to 6 inches to provide protection around the tubing and
prevent settlement that puts stress on the fittings and the tubing.
For additional information about proper embedment practices, refer
to ASTM D2774, Standard Recommended Practice for Underground
Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping, or AWWA report TR31,
Underground Installation of Polyolefin Piping.
Water System Disinfection
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing meets the requirements of the following standard:
• ANSI/AWWA Standard C904-06 “Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) 1⁄2 inch
(12mm) through 3 inches (76mm) for Water Service”
Please refer to the ANSI/AWWA Standard for information regarding the
selection, use and proper application of PEX tubing in water service.
Section 6 – Water Ser vice Phase
33
34
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 7
Ground and Top-out Stage
of Installation
After installing the service water line into the building, the next area to
focus on is the ground work under and in the soon-to-be-poured concrete.
The level of activity during the ground-work stage varies throughout the
country. Areas doing primarily slab-on-grade construction may put the
bulk of the tubing in the slab, below the slab or run it overhead in the
attic. Traditional homes with basements will run the majority of tubing
within the building framework.
Parts Inspection
Prior to starting a project, ensure all required material for that day is
onsite to eliminate work delays. Contractors should be trained to evaluate
component suitability for installation. Check for material defects, incomplete
parts or shipping damage. Also check to see the correct amount and type
of PEX tubing is onsite to start the project.
Installing Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing During Ground Work
• Secure tubing using Uponor wire ties at the intervals necessary to keep
the tubing from floating up during the pour.
• Use continuous lengths of Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing (no splices) when
installing tubing within or under concrete slabs.
• When bending, entering or exiting the slab, Uponor recommends
using 90-degree bend supports or PVC elbows or sleeves to reduce
the possibility of kinking the tubing during the pour or subsequent
construction. Supports also ensure proper tubing placement
when exiting the slab.
Wirsbo AQUAPEX
Tubing
90-degree PVC Elbow
Slab
Uponor Wire Ties
90-degree
Bend Support
Wire Mesh
or Rebar
Base Material
Figure 8-1: Proper Installation of Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing
Section 7 – Ground and Top-out Stage of Installation
35
• When exiting a slab, a bend support is not required for abrasion protection.
• Maintain pressure on tubing installed in slab during the pour to facilitate
leak detection.
• If you anticipate tubing will be exposed to sunlight for more than 30 days,
sleeve it to protect against damage.
• At the entry and exit points of the slab, cover the end of the tubing
with a suitable black poly sleeve to prevent dirt and debris from entering
the system.
• Only EP or dezincification resistant (DZR) brass fittings are approved for
direct burial in soil. EP fittings can be embedded directly into concrete.
DZR brass fittings should be wrapped if embedded in concrete.
• If the tubing runs through an expansion joint, protect with a sleeve or
dip below the joint. See Figures 8-2 and 8-3.
Figure 8-2:
Sleeve Protection
Figure 8-3:
Dip Below Joint
Caution: Uponor recommends using a ProPEX EP coupling to
repair tubing that is damaged while pouring concrete. If using a
brass ProPEX or APR coupling, wrap the coupling with a protective cover and make a note of the repair location in the concrete
floor.
Installing Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing in Frame
Construction
Tubing Runs
• Leave extra tubing at the beginning and end of runs to simplify the
connection to manifolds and fittings. Immediate connection to the
manifold simplifies installation.
• Ensure runs are as direct as possible between the manifold and the
fixture it supplies.
• Insulate hot-water tubing runs where code requires or as necessary.
36
www.uponor-usa.com
• Consult local building codes for information on where and how to drill
through load-bearing construction.
• In residential or non-return plenum applications, you may bundle tubing
runs together unless prohibited by local code.
Caution: When installing in attics, install the tubing below the
insulation.
Recessed Lighting
There are two types of recessed lights: Type I.C. (Insulated Ceiling),
which allows direct contact with thermal insulation, and Type Non-I.C.
(Non-insulated Ceiling), which requires a 3-inch minimal clearance with
thermal insulation.
• If there is not enough room in the joist cavity to meet the 12-inch
restriction stated by Uponor, then insulation is required.
• The insulation must be rated to withstand the temperatures generated by
the fixture.
• All tubing that is within 12 inches of the recessed light must be insulated
with closed-cell polyethylene, polyolefin or other suitable pipe insulation
for 12 inches on either side of the light.
• Insulation is required anytime a UV light source is used; tubing must be
protected from direct UV exposure.
Tubing Supports
• Uponor recommends using plastic tubing supports or metal tubing
supports designed for use with plastic tubing.
• Do not use supports that will damage the tubing. Inspect metal supports
for sharp edges.
• The linear expansion rate for Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing is approximately
1.1 inches per 10°F temperature change for every 100 feet of tubing.
• When installing tubing runs, allow 1⁄8- to 3⁄16 -inch longitudinal clearance
per foot of run to accommodate thermal expansion. Do not allow
tubing to dip excessively between supports. Do not pull tubing tight
during installation.
• Do not rigidly anchor Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing with supports to allow
tubing to expand and contract.
• Allow adequate clearance between PEX tubing and the structure
(bored holes or sleeves) to allow tubing to move freely due to thermal
expansion and contraction.
Section 7 – Ground and Top-out Stage of Installation
37
• Along horizontal runs, install supports every 32 inches for 3⁄8", 1⁄2", 3⁄4" and
1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing. If horizontal runs are continuously supported (truss-to-truss), place tubing supports at 6-foot intervals.
Metal Bend Support
3
⁄4" and 1" Tubing
Plastic Bend Support
and Tube Talon
3
⁄8" and 1⁄2" Tubing
• Along vertical runs, install supports and a mid-story guide every
4 to 5 feet at each floor.
Tubing Supports
• Bends within 6 inches of a
connection require a Tube
Talon or Bend Support
(for 3⁄8" and 1⁄2" Wirsbo
AQUAPEX tubing). For 3⁄4" and
1" tubing, support is required
for bends within 10 inches
of a ProPEX connection.
Manifold Placement
• Refer to Section 10 for information concerning manifold placement
and installation procedures.
38
www.uponor-usa.com
Common Components
Bend Supports
• Use Bend Supports to hold the tubing in a 90-degree bend.
Bend Supports are commonly used when exiting the slab to
control the tubing’s direction above the slab.
• Bend Supports are available in metal and plastic for 3⁄8", 1⁄2" and 3⁄4" PEX.
• Use PVC conduits for 3⁄8" to 1" PEX. The PVC conduits are used primarily
when exiting the slab with only a couple feet of tubing left to install.
• The PVC conduits sleeve over the PEX tubing. The metal and plastic
bend supports can snap onto the tubing anywhere along the tubing.
Drop Ear Bend Supports
• Drop Ear Bend Supports provide a
rigid, connection-free, 90-degree
exit from a standard 2" x 4" or
larger, stud wall or floor.
• Nail the flange to the front edge of
the stud for support. A horizontal
brace is required to position the
Drop Ear Bend Support between
two studs.
• Drop Ear Bend Supports are available in
metal and plastic for 3⁄8" and 1⁄2" PEX.
• Use a standard 5⁄8" outside diameter
(O.D.) stop to provide a shut-off at the
fixture. ProPEX stops are also available
from Uponor.
Note: Drawing shows use of an optional
chrome sleeve. The sleeve provides
a protected, finished appearance.
Drop Ear Elbows
• Uponor Drop Ear Elbows provide a rigid
90-degree bend and the ability to secure
3
⁄8" or 1⁄2" Wirsbo AQUAPEX where it exits
a stud wall or connects to a showerhead.
Metal Straight-through Supports
• Uponor Straight-through Supports provide rigid
straight-through support and the ability to secure
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing as it exits a wood floor.
Section 7 – Ground and Top-out Stage of Installation
39
Steel-plate Protectors
• Steel-plate Protectors protect installed
tubing from possible damage. If tubing
is in danger of being pierced by drywall,
paneling, trim screws or nails, etc.
during or after construction, safeguard
with suitable Steel-plate Protectors.
• If Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing passes
through hollow masonry walls or metal
studs, always protect with suitable
sleeves or grommets.
Water Hammer Arrestors
• Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing withstands repeated pressure surges well
beyond its rated pressure capacity.
• Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing dampens sound eight times more than
metallic pipe.
• Water hammer arrestors are only advisable if local code requires them.
Shower Valve Connections
40
www.uponor-usa.com
ProPEX Copper Tub Ells
• ProPEX Copper Tub Ell provides a 90-degree
transition from tub and shower valve to Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing.
Caution: Do not use Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing to connect
the tub and shower valve to the tub downspout.
ProPEX Copper Stub Ells
• Uponor Copper Stub Ell provides
a 90-degree transition from Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing to copper.
• You may use a ProPEX Copper Stub Ell at the fixture to
exit from the wall instead of a Drop Ear Bend Support.
Hose Bibs
• Connect Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing to a standard hose bib using a ProPEX
or APR Threaded or Sweat Adapter.
• Rigidly anchor the hose bib behind the wall to prevent it from
loosening due to heavy use.
Standard Hose Bibs
Pressure Testing the System
• Pressure-test the system to the system working pressure (40 to 60 psi)
at the current ambient temperature. Pressure testing should not exceed
100 psi. Slight fluctuations of pressure are normal due to ambient
temperature changes.
• Open the valves on the EP Valved Manifold prior to pressure testing.
Ensure the valves remain open until the pressure test is complete.
Section 7 – Ground and Top-out Stage of Installation
41
Washing Machine Outlet Boxes
• Use the appropriate Uponor
Washing Machine Outlet Box
to transition Wirsbo AQUAPEX
tubing to washing machine valves.
• Connect Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing
to the valves using a 1⁄2" ProPEX
or APR connection.
Water Supply Boxes
• Use the appropriate Uponor Water Supply
Outlet Box to transition Wirsbo AQUAPEX
tubing to the fixture.
• Connect Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing using a 1⁄2"
ProPEX or APR connection.
Ice Maker Boxes
• Use the appropriate Uponor Ice Maker Outlet
Box or In-line Ice Maker Tee to supply an
ice maker.
• Connect Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing using a 1⁄2"
ProPEX or APR connection.
Optional Ice Maker Fittings
• Use the ProPEX In-line Ice Maker
Tee (Q4455050) to supply an
ice maker.
Q4455050
• Connect Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing
using the appropriate 1⁄2"
ProPEX connection.
42
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 8
Final Stage of Installation
During the final stage of installation the finishing items are installed in the
structure. Lavs, tubs and water closets are set and connected. This section
discusses the supporting components installed during this stage.
Straight and Angle Stop Valves
ProPEX and APR Straight and Angle Stop Valves
allow Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing to
connect to stops with ProPEX
and APR connections. Please
refer to Section 4 to review
ProPEX connections and
Section 5 to review APR
connections.
Compression Stop Valves (Straight and Angle)
Because Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing has the same outside diameter as
standard copper pipe, you can use standard Compression Straight and
Angle Stop Valves with Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing. An insert stiffener is
required. The insert is included with the stop valves, or it may be
purchased separately.
1. Square-cut the tubing perpendicular to the length of the tubing.
2. Place the nut and then the compression ring over the end of the tubing.
3. Use the brass compression ring included with the stop valve.
4. Install the insert into the tubing end. Be sure the insert is completely
seated against the end of the tubing.
5. Wrap threads with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tape.
6. Slowly tighten the compression nut to the opposing thread.
Note: Re-tighten all compression fittings after initial installation.
Wait 30 minutes to allow the tubing to relax, and then
re-tighten each fitting.
Section 8 – Final Stage of Installation
43
Wirsbo AQUAPEX Risers
Install Wirsbo AQUAPEX 3⁄8" O.D.
Risers with acetal resin engineering
plastic rings included with the risers.
The risers are available in the
following sizes:
• 12" Lav
• 12" Closet
• 20" Lav
• 20" Closet
• 30" Lav
• 36" Lav
Lav Risers
• Wirsbo AQUAPEX Lav Risers are sold with an acetal resin engineering
plastic ring. Metal washers are sold separately.
• The metal washer assures that the riser is compatible with compression
nuts with various hole sizes.
• If the acetal resin engineering plastic ring is used, do not use an insert. If
a metal ring is substituted, a 1⁄4-inch insert is required.
• Wirsbo AQUAPEX Lav Risers are listed to NSF 14 and 61.
Note: Uponor recommends 1⁄4-inch Wirsbo AQUAPEX Riser Washers in
hot-water applications.
Closet Risers
• Closet Risers are compatible with off-the-shelf compression nuts.
• Closet Risers are sold with an acetal resin engineering plastic ring.
• Closet Risers are not sold with the metal washer. Do not use the metal
washer to connect to closets.
• If the acetal resin engineering plastic ring is used, do not use an insert.
If a metal ring is substituted, a 1⁄4-inch insert is required.
Note: Do not heat Wirsbo AQUAPEX Risers to remove kinks. Do not install
kinked or damaged risers.
44
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 9
D’MAND® Hot Water
Delivery System
Uponor offers the D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System to provide fast hot
water delivery, resulting in energy and water savings for today’s new homes.
With the D’MAND system, hot water is delivered within seconds after
turning on the faucet. The system uses a pump, which is activated by a
motion sensor or pushing a button. Once the pump is activated, hot water
reaches the faucet in just seconds. That means very little water is wasted
down the drain while the homeowner waits for the water to warm up.
The D’MAND system uses a Structured Plumbing layout for quick and
easy installation during new home construction. See page 59 for more
information about Structured Plumbing.
System Components
The D’MAND system consists of a pump and an activation device.
Model 100 Pump (Q6700070)
Model 200 Pump (Q6700002)
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
Activation Button (Q6700101)
Motion Sensor
(Q6700102)
45
Installation Considerations
Prior to installing the D’MAND Hot Water Delivery System, consider
the following:
• The D’MAND system requires a minimum 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing
dedicated return line. The return line is connected only through those
manifolds supplying fixtures supported by the D’MAND system then
routed back to the water heater. This return line allows the cool water in
the supply line and manifolds to be quickly replaced by hot water from
the water heater.
• The most effective hot-water delivery system should employ Structured
Plumbing®. That is, the layout design of the plumbing system should
effectively take advantage of the benefits of recirculation. See Structured
Plumbing on page 59 for more information.
• In Uponor plumbing systems, the D’MAND pump is located on the return
line near its terminus where it intersects the cold-water supply line to the
water heater. A tee fitting on the cold-water supply line into the water
heater connects the return line from the D’MAND system.
• Mount the D’MAND pump on the wall at a stud, or securely affix to
another supporting structure near the water heater.
• The D’MAND pump has an integral temperature sensor that senses a rise
in the recirculating line’s water temperature. Once the temperature sensor
reaches a pre-set temperature rise, it will deactivate the pump.
• The D’MAND pump incorporates an integral check valve, thus eliminating
the need for a separate valve.
• The D’MAND system uses activation devices that are connected to the
pump with low-voltage wiring.
Important: Install the wiring before the wall cavities are closed.
• Low-voltage wire, required to connect the pump to the activation device,
is not provided with the D’MAND system. The installer must provide
the wiring.
• Choose the type of activation device (button or motion sensor) that is
best suited for the requirements for hot water in the location where the
activation device will be installed. See Activation Devices on page 55 for
more information.
• The D’MAND pump requires an electrical connection. The pump is
equipped with a 6-foot grounded plug (110 volt). Thus, a grounded
receptacle is needed within 6 feet of the pump.
46
www.uponor-usa.com
Warning: A properly sized expansion tank is required when
installing the D’MAND pump in an Uponor plumbing system that
uses a pressure-reducing valve with backflow prevention.
Model Sizing and Selection
Prior to installation, select the proper pump model. Uponor offers two
pumps in the D’MAND Hot Water Delivery System: Model 100 (Q6700070)
and Model 200 (Q6700002).
The Model 100 Pump is more appropriate for systems in which the total
tubing distance from the hot-water supply to the farthest fixture is less
than 100 feet. The Model 200 Pump is more appropriate for systems in
which the total tubing distance from the hot-water supply to the farthest
fixture is more than 100 feet. However, it can be used for distances less
than 100 feet, if desired.
The D’MAND system works by purging ambient-temperature water
from the hot-water loop so that it may be filled by hot water from your
water heater.
Note: The return line between the last fixture and the D’MAND inlet
must be 3⁄4" or larger Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing. Using a smaller
return line may increase the time necessary for hot water to reach
the desired fixture.
D’MAND System Model 100 Pump
The Model 100 Pump is equipped with 1⁄2-inch NPT male threads for
connection purposes. Although the Uponor Model 100 pump is very
reliable and should not require maintenance, the installer may install
isolation flanges or valves on either side of the pump. This allows easy
removal of the pump in the event it needs servicing in the future.
D’MAND System Model 200 Pump
The Uponor Model 200 Pump is equipped with standard connection
flanges with 3⁄4-inch female NPT threaded connectors on the removable
half of each flange. For isolation purposes, the threaded connectors feature
integral ball valves, which may rotate (i.e., open and close) with either an
Allen wrench, a wide-blade screwdriver or the handle on the isolation
ball valve.
Note: During normal operation, ensure the ball valves are in the
full-open configuration.
Thread ProPEX® Male Adapters (3⁄4-inch male NPT by 3⁄4-inch ProPEX) into
the female inlets on the flanges so that Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing may be
connected to the adapters.
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
47
Installing the D’MAND Pump
The D’MAND pump operates at 110 volts and is supplied with a 6-foot
power cord terminated with a grounded three-prong plug. It is necessary to
locate a grounded 110-volt, 60 Hz AC electrical outlet less than 6 feet from
the pump. See Figure 9-1.
Securely mount the pump to a
wood stud or other sturdy
supporting structure. Screw
holes are pre-machined into the
mounting bracket to facilitate
mounting. See Figure 9-2.
For best configuration of the
plumbing system, mount the
pump above the water heater.
Note the arrow cast into the side
of the pump housing as shown in
Figure 9-3. Water must flow
through the pump in the direction
as the arrow indicates. Therefore,
the return line coming from the last
plumbing fixture should connect at
the top (inlet) of the pump, and the
line from the pump to the water
heater should connect to the
bottom (outlet) of the pump.
Always mount the pump so that
the cartridge housing is horizontal.
Do not mount the pump so that
the cartridge housing is vertical.
Additionally, do not mount the
control box below the cartridge
housing. See Figure 9-4.
For a convenient and professional
installation, mount a wiring box
within 12 to 24 inches of the pump
to use as a junction box.
See Figure 9-4.
Figure 9-1: Grounded 110-volt, 60 Hz AC
Electrical Outlet
48
www.uponor-usa.com
Figure 9-2: Secure with screws.
Mount the pump so the
cartridge housing is horizontal.
Figure 9-3
Wiring and Junction Box
Figure 9-4
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
49
During installation when running the low-voltage wires for the activation
devices, leave sufficient wire at the junction box so the connections can
be made outside the junction box. Connect the pump control wires and
the activation devices wires at the junction box. See Figure 9-6. Coil the
completed connections into the junction box and attach a solid cover plate
over the junction box.
Using appropriate fittings, connect the return line from the system to the
inlet side of the pump. See Figure 9-7.
Return
Line
Inlet
Outlet
Figure 9-6
Figure 9-7
50
www.uponor-usa.com
From the outlet side of the pump (the bottom in this example), extend the
return line back to the cold-water inlet to the water heater. Tee the return
line into the cold-water supply line. See Figure 9-8.
Note: In all cases, consult the water-heater installation instructions to
determine if the water heater manufacturer has any special instructions regarding the attachment of return lines.
The D’MAND pump features an internal check valve that prevents reverse
flow through the pump; therefore, no additional check valves are required.
Tee
Return
Line
D’MAND
Pump
Figure 9-8
To maximize the efficiency of the
system, insulate the hot-water supply
line from the water heater to
the point where the last fixture on
the loop is supplied.
See Figure 9-9.
Insulation
on Hot Water
Supply Line
Hot
Cold
Figure 9-9
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
51
Activation Devices
An activation device turns on the D’MAND
pump. There are two types of activation devices
available with the D’MAND system:
• Activation Button (See Figure 9-10.)
• Motion Sensor (See Figure 9-11.)
Any D’MAND system can use either device
or a combination of both devices based on the
customer’s requirements.
Choosing an Activation Device
Prior to wiring the activation devices, determine
which activation device to use at each faucet
where rapid delivery of hot water is desired.
Some considerations are outlined below:
Figure 9-10: Activation Button
• Activation buttons are best located near
faucets where the majority of users are aware
that the D’MAND system is installed. That's
because they will know that they will need to
push the button to receive hot water quickly.
• An activation button is also a good choice
when a user may not necessarily want
hot water each time the faucet is used
(e.g., a kitchen sink).
Figure 9-11: Motion Sensor
• Use motion sensors in locations where many of the users may not
know that the D’MAND system is installed, such as a guest bathroom
or a powder room.
• Using motion sensors in high-traffic areas, like the kitchen, is not an ideal
location, because the motion sensor will detect movement, and hot water
may not always be required. A button is more appropriate for the kitchen.
• A motion sensor is a good choice when hot water is usually required each
time someone approaches the faucet (e.g., master bathroom).
• Mount the motion sensor so that it does not detect movement outside
the area where the faucet is located.
Note: The D’MAND system has an internal temperature sensor and control
logic to ensure the pump cannot be activated repeatedly or when
hot water is already in the system.
52
www.uponor-usa.com
Wiring the Activation Device
The activation button requires a two-wire thermostat wire (18-gauge) in
order to connect to the junction box at the pump location. The Motion
Sensor requires a three-wire thermostat wire (18-gauge) in order to
connect to the junction box at the pump location.
Note: It is common practice to increase the number of low-voltage wires
within the bundle to provide redundancy should one of the wires
break or short out. Should a failure take place, simply identify the
broken wire and change the connections to the spare wire in the
bundle. If two-wire, low-voltage wiring is required for the operation,
consider installing three-wire instead. Three-wire, low-voltage
operations will usually employ five-wire.
From the control box on the D’MAND pump, there are two low-voltage
wire bundles. See Figure 9-12. The two-wire bundle is used to connect
to the activation button. The three-wire bundle is used to connect to the
motion sensor. Both bundles are labeled respectively. These bundles are
connected to their corresponding activation device and wired in the
junction box at the pump location.
It is possible to install more than one activation button or motion sensor
in a system. To do so, wire the devices in parallel, not in series. The
schematics on page 54 show direct parallel wiring for the two different
devices. (See Figures 9-13 and 9-14.)
At the junction box near the pump location, wire all the activation buttons
into the two-wire lead from the pump control box and all the motion
sensors into the three-wire lead from the pump control box.
Install the low-voltage wiring for the
activation devices after the rough-in,
but before the wall cavities are closed
with drywall. Leave some excess wire
where the activation device will be
installed so that insufficient wire
length does not limit where the
device is positioned and mounted.
Figure 9-12
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
53
Black Wire
Connection
Red Wire
Connection
Red Wire
Black Wire
To Control
Box on Pump
Activation Button
Black
Wire
Red Wire
Red Wire
Black Wire
Junction Box
Figure 9-13
Junction Box
Green Wire
Connection
Black Wire
Connection
White Wire
Connection
Junction Box
Green Wire
Connection
Black Wire
Connection
White Wire
Connection
Junction Box
Green Wire
Connection
To Control
Box on Pump
Black Wire
Connection
Motion Sensor
White Wire
Connection
Figure 9-14
54
www.uponor-usa.com
Installing the Motion Sensor
Mount a wiring box in the wall
cavity where the motion sensor will
be mounted. Run low-voltage wire
(three conductor) from the junction
box (see Figure 9-14) to the sensor
wiring box. Cut the low-voltage wire
so that there is about 10 inches of
excess. Coil the excess wire in the
box to protect it while drywall
is installed.
Figure 9-15
Install drywall (or other wall
material) and make a cut-out
to expose the box and low-voltage
wiring. See Figure 9-15.
On the back of the motion sensor,
affix two pieces of hook-and-loop
tape (with pressure-sensitive
adhesive backing). Position the
pieces so that the pigtail protrudes
from the space between the pieces
approximately midpoint of the sensor. Leave the backing on the
exposed side of the tape. See
Figure 9-16.
Slide a wall plate with a standard
5
⁄8-inch circular opening over the
pigtail. The finished side of the
plate should face the back of the
motion sensor. See Figure 9-17.
Figure 9-16
Figure 9-17
Using wire nuts or other suitable
connectors, attach the pigtails from
the sensor to the low-voltage wire
that was terminated at the electrical
box. Maintain proper polarity by
connecting like-colored conductors
to one another. See Figure 9-18.
Figure 9-18
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
55
Push the connected section of the
wires into the box and attach the
wall plate. Remove the backing
from the hook-and-loop tape. Push
the remaining wire through the wall
plate opening into the box. See
Figure 9-19.
Affix the motion sensor to the
wall plate by pressing the exposed
adhesive on the hook-and-loop tape
onto the plate. Position the sensor
so that it is centered on the plate.
Figure 9-19
Note: If the motion sensor is
mounted above head-height
(as recommended), affix the motion
sensor to the wall plate so that the lens
is on the bottom. See Figure 9-20.
Lens
Figure 9-20
56
www.uponor-usa.com
Installing the Activation Button
in a Cabinet Rail
In most installations, the activation
button is installed in a cabinet rail
just below the countertop overhang.
See Figure 9-21.
For this type of installation, install a
sufficient length of two-conductor,
low-voltage wiring to allow the end
of the wire to extend several inches
beyond the front of the cabinet.
Drill a 5⁄8-inch hole in the rail where
the button will be mounted. Pull the
excess wire through the drilled hole
and attach the wires to the screw
terminals on the back of the button.
See Figure 9-22.
Push the wire back through the
drill hole, and press the button
into place. See Figure 9-23. If
necessary, the tension tabs on the
outside edge of the button may be
adjusted to assure that the button
mounts securely in the drilled hole.
Activation Button Installed Below
Countertop Overhang
Figure 9-21
Figure 9-22
Figure 9-23
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
57
Installing the Activation Button
in Other Locations
If installing the activation button where it is
not convenient to mount in a cabinet rail (e.g.,
a pedestal sink), Uponor recommends mounting
the button in a wall plate. See Figure 9-24.
The plate should have a 5⁄8-inch hole that is
attached to a wiring box (previously mounted
in the wall cavity).
Note: The activation button has a spring-tension
ring around its outside edge that holds the
button in place after it is pushed into the
5
⁄8-inch hole.
Figure 9-24
Lace the low-voltage wire through
the hole in the plate. See Figure
9-25. Next attach the wires to the
screw terminals on the button. Then
push the button into the hole. Coil
the excess wire in the wiring box, and
attach the plate to the wiring box.
Figure 9-25
58
www.uponor-usa.com
Structured Plumbing®
Structured Plumbing® is essentially the system layout. When employing
D’MAND hot-water delivery, a Structured Plumbing layout incorporates
a loop of tubing that starts at the hot water supply line (i.e., the line that
moves hot water away from the heater) and returns to the heater where
it tees into the main line, supplying cold water to the heater. Within
practical considerations, that loop should supply all the hot-water fixtures
in the building.
For an effective system, make sure the individual lengths of tubing or drops
that branch off the main loop to supply hot water to the individual fixtures
are as short as possible. To accomplish this, route the main supply line, or
loop, as close as possible to each fixture or fixture group. Routing the loop
close to the fixtures minimizes water waste as well as the waiting time for
hot water. Ideally, the length of an individual drop should not exceed
6 feet. However, in some layouts, especially where fixtures in a group are
supplied with drops attached to a common manifold, some drops may
need to be longer than others. In those instances where drops of varying
lengths originate from a common manifold, situate the manifold so that
the shortest drop is designated for that fixture with the highest flow rate
(e.g., shower). This also minimizes wasted water while waiting for the water
to heat up. See Figure 9-26.
Cold-water
Service Supply
Retu
be 3⁄ rn Tubin
4"
Min g Mus
imum
t
Figure 9-26: Structured Plumbing — Remote Manifolds with D’MAND or Timed Recirculation
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
59
Two-loop System
Depending on the layout of a building, it may be more practical and cost
effective to supply fixtures with more than one loop. In such a case, install
a D’MAND pump in each loop. Each pump must have its own segregated
activation devices. However, the tubing attached to the outlets of the
individual pumps may merge into a single return line before it is teed
into the cold water supply line. See Figure 9-27, which illustrates a
hot-water system.
Return Tubing Must
be 3⁄4" Minimum
Figure 9-27: Remote manifolds provide a significant reduction in the number
of individual connections.
60
www.uponor-usa.com
System Start-up, Testing
and Troubleshooting
Start-up and Testing
Once the system is fully installed, turn the water
supply on and plug in the system.
Note: The pump will automatically turn on when
it is initially plugged in without activating
the D’MAND button.
The D’MAND system will continue to operate
until the sensor signals that hot water has
arrived. Then it will automatically shut off.
D’MAND Activation Button
To test the system again, wait until the return
line cools down (approximately 20 minutes).
You can test the system by pushing the button
or moving in front of a motion sensor.
To test the temperature sensor independently,
place a hot towel over the sensor located on the
pump housing. The unit should shut off immediately. When the hot towel is removed, the system
can be operated by one of the activation devices.
Section 9 – D’MAND® Hot Water Delivery System
D’MAND Motion Sensor
61
Troubleshooting the D’MAND System
To diagnose common problems, refer to Table 9-28.
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
The pump does
not run when the
activation button
is pressed.
A. No power at electrical outlet
A. and B. Plug the
controller into a hot
outlet.
B. The controller is plugged into
an electrical outlet controlled
by a wall switch (such as the
outlet under many kitchen
sinks that controls the
garbage disposal).
C. The power cord is not secured
to the pump and valve.
D. The wire to the activation
button is not connected well.
The water is
not hot enough.
Water is not
hot enough
when pump
shuts down.
C. and D. Shut off power,
and then make sure wires
have good
contact.
E. The temperature setting is
already sensing hot water, so
the pump is not activating.
E. Call Uponor at
(800) 321- 4739 to reset
sensitivity setting.
A. Pump or valve was installed
with water flow going in the
wrong direction.
A. Check the arrows on
the housing of the valve
and pump to make sure
they point in the
correct direction.
B. Something is blocking the
flow of water in the tubing.
B. Check the piping for
obstruction.
A. The temperature sensitivity
setting now in place is too
low, and the pump is turning
itself off too soon.
A. Call Uponor at
(800) 321- 4739.
Table 9-28: Troubleshooting the D’MAND System
62
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 10
Manifold Installation
Uponor offers a full line of manifolds for all plumbing applications. The
Engineered Plastic (EP) family of valved and valveless manifolds is made
from advanced engineered plastic materials, which is suitable for hot and
cold-water distribution systems. That same durable material is also used in
Uponor’s EP Branch and Flow-through Multi-port Tees. Complementing
the EP manifolds are Uponor Copper Manifolds — branch, flow-through,
valved and valveless.
This section discusses the installation of all Uponor manifolds used with
Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing. The EP Valved Manifolds have very detailed
assembly, placement, mounting and testing instructions due to their
versatility of installation.
Assembly/Mounting Bracket
Four-port Manifold
⁄4" ProPEX Inlet
3
Valve Clip (red)
1" ProPEX Inlet
Three-port Manifold
Stop Coupling
End
Valve Clip (blue) Cap
Flow-through Coupling
Manifold Placement
Review the installation options shown in Section 2 to determine the best
method for the building construction. With the exception of EP Manifolds
and the ProPEX and APR Valved Manifolds, most manifolds are located
near their intended use. In a smaller structure, a basic home-run method
works best because the point-of-use fixtures are within 12 to 15 feet of
the utility room. Larger structures are likely to incorporate the combination
method with remote manifolds.
Before installing any Uponor manifolds, review the following guidelines and
local plumbing and building codes.
EP Manifold Placement Guidelines
• Install the EP Valved Manifold in a fully accessible location. The opening
should be large enough to allow complete servicing of the manifold
(mounting screws, distribution lines, etc.).
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
63
• When local code allows, mount the EP Valved Manifold in a fire-rated
wall, provided that the access door meets the same rating requirements
as the wall and is installed over the access opening.
• To maximize potential water and energy savings, mount the EP Valved
Manifold as close as is practical to the hot-water source.
• Do not install the EP valved manifold within a continuously recirculating
hot-water plumbing loop. However, the EP Valved Manifold may be
supplied from a recirculating hot-water loop.
• When the home requires more than one unit due to the number of
fixtures or size of the home, consider sub-manifolds and locating a
remote EP manifold near an outlying group of fixtures. Also consider
dividing high-demand fixtures between the units.
EP and Copper Manifolds Placement Guidelines
• ProPEX EP and ProPEX and APR Copper Manifolds do not require
access since the connections are classified as manufactured instead of
mechanical fittings.
• ProPEX and APR Copper Valved Manifolds should have access to adjust
the outlet valves.
EP Valved Manifolds
EP Valved Manifolds are used in home-run installation methods. Place the
fixture stop valve at the manifold location instead of at the point-of-use.
PEX lines run directly to each fixture from the manifold, reducing the
number of required fittings.
Installation
Before you begin, gather appropriate tools and materials.
Tools Required
• Screw gun or electric drill
• ProPEX Expander Tool (Q6295075, Q6301000 or Q6261500)
• ProPEX Expander Tool Heads
• Tubing Cutter (E6081125 or E6081128)
• 3⁄4" and 11⁄4" wood drill bits
Materials Required
• 1" wood screws (for valved manifold mounting)
• 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" plywood (only required when mounting between studs)
• Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing
• EP Valved Manifold Kit (includes Valve-turning Tool and hot/cold labels)
• ProPEX Swivel Adapters (1⁄2" or 3⁄8" for 1⁄2" NPSM-threaded outlets only)
• Tube Uncoiler (recommended)
64
www.uponor-usa.com
Assembling the EP Valved Manifold
The EP Valved Manifold can either be assembledprior to or while it is being mounted.
1. Determine the total number of outlets
required for both the hot and cold manifold
assemblies and the appropriate inlet/end
cap arrangement.
Flow-through
Coupling
Stop
Coupling
2. EP Valved Manifolds are assembled with
Flow-through Couplings (Q2121313) or
Stop Couplings (Q2121251).
3. Insert the coupling into the end of the
manifold until it stops. Attach the next
manifold to the coupling and install the
Assembly/Mounting Bracket (Q2120020).
4. Insert the 3⁄4" ProPEX Inlet (Q2120750)
or 1" ProPEX Inlet (Q2121000) into the
appropriate end of the manifold assembly.
Install the Assembly/Mounting Bracket.
5. Insert the End Cap (Q2121250) into the
other end of the manifold assembly.
Install the Assembly/Mounting Bracket.
6. Ensure that all Assembly/Mounting Brackets
are fully locked, and the release tabs are
located on the front (valve) side of the
manifold.
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
Assembly/Mounting Bracket
3
⁄4 " ProPEX
Inlet
1" ProPEX
Inlet
End Cap
65
7. For hot-water distribution,
install the Red Valve Clips
(Q2120001) prior to the manifold installation. Remove the
Blue Valve Clips (Q2120002) by
Red and Blue Valve Clips
grasping the clip and pulling up
and away from the outlet. Rotating the clip away from the tab on
the valve while pulling may simplify removal.
Note: If insertion of components is difficult, lubricate the o-rings with
a soapy water solution.
Mounting EP Valved Manifold (see photos at right)
1. Always mount manifolds in locations that are easily accessible, and allow
valves to face outward.
2. Ensure the release tab on the Assembly/Mounting Bracket is accessible.
3. Make provisions to support the tubing runs as they exit the EP Valved
Manifold. Any bend within 6 inches of a ProPEX connection to 3⁄8" and
1
⁄2" Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing requires a tube talon, bend support or stud.
For 3⁄4" and 1" tubing, support is required for bends within 10 inches of
a ProPEX connection.
4. Do not overtighten mounting screws. Overtightening may cause the
Assembly/Mounting Brackets to fail.
5. When mounting on a stud, center the Assembly/Mounting Bracket on
the stud to allow the bracket to open sufficiently.
6. When surface-mounting, mount the manifolds with fasteners appropriate for the wall surface. If surface-mounting to sheetrock, brackets
should align with as many studs as practical.
7. Extended driver bits simplify Assembly/Mounting Bracket installation
and allow mounting of the manifold in a fully assembled configuration.
8. To run distribution lines through studs, the drill guide provided may
be helpful.
9. When mounting the EP Valved Manifold above a water heater, install a
minimum of 36 inches of connecting tubing between the water heater
and the EP Valved Manifold due to chance of heat stacking.
10. When mounting the EP Valved Manifold beside a water heater and
connecting it with tubing incorporating a horizontal flow, connect with
at least 18 inches of tubing.
66
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
67
Using the Drill Guide
The drill guide, included with each EP Valved Manifold, is used to mark
locations of distribution holes that are drilled through the studs. The
distribution lines may pass through these holes as they are attached to
the EP Valved Manifold ports. Use one drill guide to mark all studs.
1. Fasten the drill guide template so that the holes are in the center of the stud.
2. Mark the appropriate number of holes on the stud by lancing a pencil
through the crosshairs of the drill guide.
3. Remove the guide and drill holes.
Align Template Here
Align Template Here
Align Template Here
Align Template Here
EP Valved Manifold Four-port Outlet Pattern
Align Template Here
Align Template Here
EP Valved Manifold Three-port Outlet Pattern
Align Template
Here
Caution:
Align
Template
Here
When installing the EP
Valved
Manifold
prior to wallfinishing operations, protect the unit from paint, texture compounds and drywall dust.
Connecting Wirsbo AQUAPEX Tubing to the EP Valved Manifold
1. The manifold is available with 3⁄4" or 1" ProPEX supply connections and
either 1⁄2 -inch threaded outlets (to connect with a ProPEX Swivel
Adapter) or direct ProPEX connections.
2. Please refer to Section 4 for instructions on making a proper
ProPEX connection.
3. If using the Swivel Adapter to thread onto the manifold, start thread and
hand-tighten until snug, plus one-quarter turn. Do not overtighten the
swivel connections. Hand-tighten only; do not use a tool (e.g., wrench).
4. Open all valves after completing each connection.
Note: Valves are one-quarter turn only. Turn valves
counterclockwise to open and clockwise to close.
Do not turn past the valve stop. Use the EP Valved
Manifold Valve-turning Tool (Q2120010) to open
and close valves.
68
EP Valved Manifold
Valve-turning Tool
www.uponor-usa.com
Caution: Turning the valves past the stop will cause the valve
body to blow off under pressure.
Valves Open
Valves Closed
5. Label each valve handle with the hot and cold fixture labels supplied
with the EP Valved Manifold.
6. Cap any unused outlet and turn it to the off position.
7. Attach the manifold supply tubing to the appropriate end using proper
ProPEX connection procedures.
Caution: Do not use thread sealant on the connections. The
carriers present in these compounds can crack the plastic port
connections, resulting in leaks and water damage.
Filling and Testing the EP Valved Manifold System
System Test
Air-pressure testing of an EP Valved Manifold is acceptable and preferred
to hydrostatic testing in areas where cold temperatures could freeze the
system or where water is not available. Uponor recommends that the
installer pressurize the system with compressed air after installing and
capping distribution lines.
Note: EP Valved Manifold valves must be in the open position prior and
during the test, which should use a pressure of not less than the working
system pressure. Test the system for a minimum of 15 minutes. During the
test, system pressure should drop no more than 8 psi in a one-hour period.
Filling the System
• Open all connected port valves before filling the system with water
and pressurizing.
• Use care when opening a port valve to an empty or unpressurized line.
Ensure the fixture to which the line is connected is in the off position.
Open the valve slowly until water starts to flow into the line.
• Valve Cylinders (Q2120050) are replaceable.
Note: Test the system to a minimum of working pressure.
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
69
Warning! Pressures used in testing can blow unmade or incomplete connections apart with tremendous force. This force is many
times greater when air is used as the test media. To reduce the
risk of personal injury, ensure that all connections are completed
before testing. Use only the pressure and time required to determine that the system is leak-free.
System Disinfection
EP manifolds and Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing should be disinfected in
accordance with AWWA C651-86, “Standard for Disinfecting Water Mains,”
or in accordance with the local codes.
Warning! To prevent reduced service life of system components,
disinfection solutions should not stand in the system longer than
24 hours. Flush the system with potable water after disinfection.
Do not allow fluids to freeze in the EP Valved Manifold System.
EP Valve Replacement
Caution: Make sure there is no pressure on the EP Valved
Manifold system prior to repair or replacement of any system
components. All EP Valved Manifolds come with assembled
valves and necessary o-rings. O-rings are required for proper
valve operation.
1. Shut off water to manifold and bleed.
2. Remove the Red or Blue Valve Clip by hand or using a small flat-head
screwdriver.
3. Push the valve down (into the manifold) as far as it will go and turn
clockwise past the indent on the manifold.
4. Use pliers to grip the handle of the valve if removal is difficult.
5. Pull the valve out of the manifold.
6. Place a small amount of soap and water solution on the o-rings on the
replacement valve.
7. Locate the tab on the valve so that it clears the indent on the manifold,
and completely push in the valve.
8. Turn the valve past the indent on the manifold
and pull up until it hits the stop.
9. Slide a Red or Blue Valve Clip with the
appropriate label between the manifold and
the valve until the clip snaps into place.
70
www.uponor-usa.com
Caution: Failure to install the Valve Clip could result in the
valve blowing off when the system is pressurized.
Handling Guidelines for EP Valved Manifolds
Although not comprehensive, the following highlights the most
common guidelines:
• EP Valved Manifold threaded outlets seal with a gasket and do not
require joint compound or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tape.
• Do not overtighten connections by using tools. Tighten swivel nuts
by hand until snug, plus one-quarter to one-half turn.
• Do not subject EP Valved Manifolds to impact.
• Distribution lines should exit the EP Valved Manifold in straight lines
perpendicular to the length of the EP Valved Manifold.
• Supply lines should enter or exit the EP Valved Manifold in a straight
line parallel to the length of the EP Valved Manifold.
• Do not expose EP Valved Manifolds to open flame.
• Do not allow solder, flux, solvents or urethane foams to come into
contact with EP Valved Manifolds, as immediate damage may result.
• Do not assemble or disassemble the EP Valved Manifold while
pressurized. Be sure that the water supply is turned off and that
pressure has been relieved from the system.
• Do not conceal EP Valved Manifolds behind permanent walls, floors
or ceilings.
• Keep Valve-turning Tool in an accessible location near the EP
Valved Manifold.
• Hang or fasten the manifold kit supplied with the EP Valved Manifold
nearby for future reference.
• Always inform the homeowner where the EP Valved Manifold is located
if fixture stops are omitted.
• Do not spray on or allow organic chemicals, strong acids or strong
bases to come into contact with EP Valved Manifolds.
• Do not use petroleum or solvent-based paints on EP Valved Manifolds.
• Do not allow rodents, insects or other pests to come into contact with
EP Valved Manifolds.
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
71
EP Valveless Manifold
The EP Valveless Manifold is available with four,
six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets with 3⁄4-inch inlet. The
EP Valveless Manifold is also available in eight, 10
or 12 outlets with a 1-inch inlet. All outlets have
1
⁄2" ProPEX connections. The EP Valveless
Manifold requires no assembly.
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo
AQUAPEX using 3⁄4" ProPEX Rings (Q4690751,
Q4690752) or 1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using the
1" ProPEX Ring (Q4681000).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (3 inches
minimum) with a ProPEX Plug and ProPEX Ring
to cap unused outlets on the manifold.
EP Flow-through Valveless Manifold
The EP Flow-through Valveless
Manifold is available with four,
six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets and
3
⁄4 - or 1-inch inlet.
The EP Flow-through Valveless Manifold is also available in four and six
outlets with 1-inch inlets. All outlets have 1⁄2" ProPEX connections.
The EP Flow-through Valveless Manifold requires no assembly.
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using 3⁄4" ProPEX
Rings (Q4690751 and Q4690752) or 1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using the 1"
ProPEX Ring (Q4681000).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (3 inches minimum) with a
ProPEX Plug and ProPEX Ring to cap unused outlets.
ProPEX EP Multi-port Tees
EP Branch Multi-port Tee
The assembled EP Branch Multi-port Tee is available in either 3⁄4 - or 1-inch
inlets with 1⁄2-inch ProPEX branch outlets. The four-outlet manifold
features a 3⁄4 -inch inlet with 1⁄2-inch ProPEX outlets.
The six-outlet manifold features
a 1-inch inlet with 1⁄2-inch
ProPEX outlets.
72
www.uponor-usa.com
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using 3⁄4" ProPEX
Rings (Q4690751 and Q4690752) or 1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using the 1"
ProPEX Ring (Q4681000).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (3 inches minimum) with a
ProPEX Plug and ProPEX Ring to cap unused outlets.
EP Flow-through Multi-port Tee
The EP Flow-through Multi-port
Tee features a combination of inlet
configurations with 1⁄2-inch ProPEX
branch outlets. The first configuration is a 3⁄4" ProPEX inlet on either end of
the manifold body. The second configuration consists of 3⁄4- and 1-inch
inlets at the manifold body ends. The last configuration is a 1-inch inlet on
either end of the manifold body.
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using 3⁄4" ProPEX
Rings (Q4690751 and Q4690752) or 1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using the 1"
ProPEX Ring (Q4681000).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (3 inches minimum) with a
ProPEX Plug and ProPEX Ring to cap unused outlets.
Handling Guidelines for EP Multi-port Tees
Although not comprehensive, the following highlights the most
common guidelines:
• Do not subject EP Multi-port Tees to impact.
• Do not expose EP Multi-port Tees to open flame.
• Do not allow solder, flux, pipe dope, solvents or urethane foams to come
into contact with EP Multi-port Tees, as immediate damage may result.
• Do not use EP Multi-port Tees where temperatures and pressures
exceed ratings.
• Do not spray on or allow organic chemicals, strong acids or strong bases
to come into contact with EP Multi-port Tees.
• Do not use petroleum or solvent-based paints on EP Multi-port Tees.
• Do not allow rodents, insects or other pests to come into contact with
EP Multi-port Tees.
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
73
ProPEX Copper Manifolds
ProPEX 1" Copper Branch Manifold
The fully assembled ProPEX
Copper (type L) Branch
Manifold features 1⁄2" ProPEX
brass fittings brazed to the manifold
body. One end of the manifold body
is flared to accept 1-inch fitting adapters.
The other end of the manifold is spun closed. Adequate
space is available on the manifold body to cut the spun end off should
the manifold require augmentation. The manifolds are available with four,
six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets. Do not exceed acceptable flow rates for
1-inch nominal copper.
The manifold inlet transitions to Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing using a ProPEX
fitting adapter.
• 3⁄4" PEX — Use ProPEX Brass Fitting Adapter, 3⁄4" PEX x 1" Copper
(Q4507510).
• 1" PEX — Use ProPEX Brass Fitting Adapter, 1" PEX x 1" Copper
(Q4501010).
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using 3⁄4" ProPEX
Rings (Q4690751 and Q4690752) or 1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using the
1" ProPEX Ring (Q4681000).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (3 inches minimum) with a
ProPEX Plug and ProPEX Ring to cap unused outlets.
ProPEX 1" Copper
Branch Manifold
with 3⁄4" ProPEX
Inlet
The fully assembled ProPEX 1"
Copper (type L) Branch Manifold with 3⁄4" ProPEX inlet has 1⁄2" ProPEX brass
fittings brazed to the manifold outlets. One 3⁄4" ProPEX adapter fitting is
brazed to one end of the manifold. The other end of the manifold is spun
closed. Adequate space is available on the manifold body to cut the spun
end off should the manifold require augmentation. The manifolds are
available with three, four, six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets. Do not exceed
acceptable flow rates for 1-inch nominal copper.
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using 3⁄4" ProPEX
Rings (Q4690751 and Q4690752).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (3 inches minimum) with a
ProPEX Plug and ProPEX Ring to cap unused outlets.
74
www.uponor-usa.com
ProPEX 1" Copper Flow-through Manifold
The fully assembled
ProPEX 1" Copper
(type L) Flow-through
Manifold features 1⁄2" ProPEX
brass fittings brazed to the manifold outlets. A 3⁄4" ProPEX adapter fitting
is brazed to each end of the manifold. The manifolds are available with
four, six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets. Do not exceed acceptable flow rates for
1-inch nominal copper.
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using 3⁄4" ProPEX
Rings (Q4690751 and Q4690752).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (3 inches minimum) with a
ProPEX Plug and ProPEX Ring to cap unused outlets.
ProPEX 1" Copper Valved Manifold
The fully assembled
ProPEX 1" Copper
(type L) Valved
Manifold features 1⁄2"
ProPEX valved outlets.
Valved connections
allow for isolation of individual outlets to fixtures. The manifold is available
with four, six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets.
Both 1-inch ends are copper pipe size and require a copper end cap,
coupling or transition fitting to make the proper connection. Sections can
sweat together to extend the number of valved outlets using a standard
1-inch copper coupling. Do not exceed acceptable flow rates for 1-inch
nominal copper.
APR Copper Manifolds
APR 1" Copper Branch Manifold
The fully assembled APR
Copper (type L) Branch
Manifold features 1⁄2" APR
brass fittings brazed to the
manifold body. One end of the
manifold body is flared to accept 1-inch fitting adapters. The other end of
the manifold is spun closed. Adequate space is available on the manifold
body to cut the spun end off should the manifold require augmentation.
The manifold is available with four, six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets. Do not
exceed acceptable flow rates for 1-inch nominal copper.
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
75
The manifold inlet transitions to Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing using an APR
fitting adapter.
• 3⁄4" PEX — Use APR Brass Fitting Adapter, 3⁄4" PEX x 1" Copper
(K4507510).
• 1" PEX — Use APR Brass Fitting Adapter, 1" PEX x 1" Copper
(K4501010).
• The manifold connects directly to 3⁄4" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using the 3⁄4" APR
Brass Sleeve (K4680750) or 1" Wirsbo AQUAPEX using the 1" APR Brass
Sleeve (K4681000).
• Use a short piece of Wirsbo AQUAPEX (4 inches minimum) with an APR
Brass Plug and Brass Sleeve to cap unused outlets.
APR 1" Copper Valved Manifold
The fully assembled APR 1" Copper
(type L) Valved Manifold features
1
⁄2" APR valved outlets. Valved
connections allow for isolation of
individual outlets. The manifolds are
available with four, six, eight, 10 or 12 outlets.
Both 1-inch ends are copper pipe size and require a copper end cap,
coupling or transition fitting to make the proper connection. Sections can
sweat together to extend the number of valved outlets using a standard
1-inch copper coupling. Do not exceed acceptable flow rates for 1-inch
nominal copper.
Blank Copper Manifold Bodies
2" Valveless Manifold
The 2" Copper (type L) Manifold
with 3⁄4" copper outlets is 60
inches long. The manifold
is available with 24
outlets at 3 inches
on center.
Both ends of the manifold are copper pipe size and require a copper
end cap, coupling or transition fitting to make the proper connection.
Sections can sweat together to extend the number of outlets using a
standard 2-inch copper coupling. This manifold can accept either ProPEX
or APR adapters for the inlets and outlets. Do not exceed acceptable flow
rates for 2-inch nominal copper.
76
www.uponor-usa.com
11⁄2" Valveless Manifold
The 11⁄2" Copper (type L) Manifold with 3⁄4" copper outlets is 60 inches long.
The manifold is available with 24 outlets at 3 inches on center.
Both ends of the manifold are copper pipe size and require a copper end
cap, coupling or transition fitting to make the proper connection. Sections
can sweat together to extend the number of outlets using a standard 11⁄2inch copper coupling. This manifold can accept either ProPEX or APR
adapters for the inlets and outlets. Do not exceed acceptable flow rates
for 11⁄2-inch nominal copper.
1" Copper Valveless Manifold
1" Copper (type L)
Valveless Manifold
features either 1⁄2- or
3
⁄4-inch copper outlets. The
manifold with 1⁄2-inch outlets is
available with two, three and four
outlets. The manifold with 3⁄4-inch outlets is available with two and three
outlets. Both manifold types have outlet spacing of 11⁄2-inches on center.
These manifolds can accept either ProPEX or APR adapters for the inlets
and outlets.
One end of the manifold body is flared to accept 1-inch fitting adapters.
The other manifold end is 1" copper pipe size and requires a copper end
cap, coupling or transition fitting to make the proper connection. Do not
exceed acceptable flow rates for 1-inch nominal copper.
The manifold inlet transitions to Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing using a ProPEX
fitting adapter.
• 3⁄4" PEX — Use ProPEX Brass Fitting Adapter, 3⁄4" PEX x 1" Copper
(Q4507510).
• 1" PEX — Use ProPEX Brass Fitting Adapter, 1" PEX x 1" Copper
(Q4501010).
The manifold inlet transitions to Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing using an APR
fitting adapter.
• 3⁄4" PEX — Use APR Brass Fitting Adapter, 3⁄4" PEX x 1" Copper
(K4507510).
• 1" PEX — Use APR Brass Fitting Adapter, 1" PEX x 1" Copper
(K4501010).
Section 10 – Manifold Installation
77
78
www.uponor-usa.com
Section 11
Plumbing Inspector’s Checklist
This checklist is only intended to serve as a guideline to the local authority.
It is not intended to include all applicable requirements. Please review the
codes and standards guidelines in this Installation Guide as well as local
code for additional guidelines and restrictions. Where any conflict exists
between the information in this Installation Guide and local code, the local
code takes precedence.
Tubing and Fittings
❑ Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing —
ASTM F876, ASTM F877, CSA B137.5, NSF-pw
❑ ProPEX fittings —
Manufactured and listed to ASTM F1960 and CSA B137.5
❑ APR fittings —
Manufactured and listed to ASTM F2080 and CSA B137.5
EP Valved Manifolds
❑ EP Valved Manifolds are NSF Certified to ASTM F1960, NSF-PW.
❑ An EP Valved Manifold system, which has valves on all the outlet ports,
does not require stop valves at the fixtures. However, the code official
may require stop valves at some fixtures.
❑ Provide access to the EP Valved Manifold and its mounting screws, the
port valves, distribution-line connections and supply-line connections.
❑ When the EP Valved Manifold is mounted above the water heater, install
a minimum of 36 inches of connecting tubing between the water heater
and the EP Valved Manifold due to possible heat stacking.
❑ The main service line to the EP Valved Manifold should include a main
shut-off valve.
❑ When the EP Valved Manifold is mounted beside the water heater and is
connected with tubing incorporating a horizontal flow, connect with at
least 18 inches of tubing.
❑ Individual fixture shut-off valves at the manifold should identify the
fixture being supplied.
Section 11 – Plumbing Inspector’s Checklist
79
Tubing Limitations
❑ Do not expose Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing to direct sunlight for more
than 30 days.
❑ Do not install Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing within 6 inches of any gas
appliance vents, with the exception of double-wall B-vents (with a
minimum clearance of 1 inch).
❑ Do not install Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing within 12 inches of recessed
light fixtures, unless the PEX line is protected with suitable insulation.
Joints and Connections
❑ Square-cut all tubing ends and ensure they are free of burrs and debris
before a connection is made.
❑ Ensure fittings and connections comply with the manufacturers’
recommendations.
❑ Make transition joints with manufacturer-approved fittings.
ProPEX Fittings
❑ Fully seat the Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing and ProPEX Ring against the
shoulder of the fitting. The maximum gap should be no more than the
thickness of a credit card.
❑ If an improper connection is made, cut 2 inches from the end of the
tubing and use a new ProPEX Ring.
APR Fittings
❑ The maximum gap between the brass sleeve and the shoulder of the
fitting should not exceed 1⁄32 inch.
❑ If an improper connection is made, cut 2 inches from the end of the
tubing and use a new APR sleeve and fitting.
80
www.uponor-usa.com
Tubing Supports
❑ Use plastic or metal supports designed for use with plastic tubing.
❑ Place horizontal support every 32 inches for 3⁄8", 1⁄2", 3⁄4" and 1" PEX tubing.
❑ Provide vertical support every 4 to 5 feet with a mid-story guide placed
between floors.
❑ Bends within 6 inches of a ProPEX or APR connection to 3⁄8" to 1⁄2" tubing
and within 10 inches of a ProPEX or APR connection to 3⁄4" to 1" tubing
require support.
❑ Allow 1⁄8 to 3⁄16 inches of slack per foot of run on installed Wirsbo
AQUAPEX tubing for expansion and contraction.
❑ Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing should not be rigidly anchored. Anchor the
tubing to allow freedom of movement for expansion and contraction.
General Recommendations
❑ Protect Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing passing through hollow masonry walls
or metal studs with sleeves or grommets.
❑ Protect Wirsbo AQUAPEX tubing from damage (e.g., nail, screw, etc.)
with suitable steel-plate protectors.
❑ The minimum bend radius of PEX is six times the outside diameter.
❑ Only EP or DZR fittings are suitable for burial.
Pressure Testing
❑ Open the valves on the EP Valved Manifold prior to pressure testing.
These valves are to remain open until the pressure test is complete.
❑ Pressure-test the system with air or water to the system working
pressure (40 to 60 psi) at the current ambient temperature. Pressure
testing should not exceed 100 psi. Slight fluctuations of pressure are
normal due to ambient temperature changes.
Caution: If using water to pressure-test the system, purge
all water from the system prior to ambient air temperatures
nearing 32ºF (0ºC). Failing to remove the water from the system
can result in damage to the tubing and associated equipment.
Section 11 – Plumbing Inspector’s Checklist
81
Notes
82
www.uponor-usa.com
ProPlumbingInstallGuide_10_07, Copyright © 2007 Uponor, Printed in the United States
Uponor, Inc.
5925 148th Street West
Apple Valley, MN 55124 USA
Tel: (800) 321-4739
Fax: (952) 891-1409
Web: www.uponor-usa.com
E-mail: learnmore@uponor-usa.com
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising