ARC 500 Operating Manual - Stud Welding Products, Inc.

ARC 500 Operating Manual - Stud Welding Products, Inc.
ARC 500
Power Unit
North America
93-16-0401A
2010
Operating Manual
Customer Service in Germany:
HBS Bolzenschweiss-Systeme GmbH & Co. KG
Felix-Wankel-Strasse 18
85221 Dachau / Germany
Phone
Fax
E-mail
Web
+49 (0) 8131 511-0
+49 (0) 8131 511-100
post@hbs-info.com
www.hbs-info.com
ARC 500 Operating Manual, Issue 03/2008 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A
Translation of the Operating Manual
Copyright:
The information contained herein may not be copied, reproduced, adapted,
merged, translated or used without the prior written consent of the copyright
owner.
Adaptations, errors and technical modifications reserved without prior notice.
© HBS Bolzenschweiss-Systeme GmbH & Co. KG
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Dear customer,
Thank you very much for purchasing a power unit from HBS BolzenschweissSysteme.
We from HBS wish you always successful working with this stud welding unit.
We ask you to observe the following points:
– Store the operating manual in a way that it can always be accessed by the
operator.
– Let the operator sign before starting up that he has read and completely understood the operating manual.
– This operating manual applies only to this stud welding unit.
– Protect the stud welding unit from unauthorized use.
– The stud welding unit must only be operated by trained personnel.
– Let an electrician check whether the wall sockets where you want to connect the
related stud welding unit, are properly fused and grounded.
– Inform our customer service in case of malfunction.
– In case of accident, inform a physician and the responsible official body.
THREAT TO LIFE!
Persons fitted with a pace maker must not operate the stud
welding machine.
MAGNETIC FIELDS!
During stud welding, strong electro-magnetic fields are
generated. Do not weld in the vicinity of the electrical
equipment which could be affected.
Safety instructions are a delicate subject. Anybody who handles a stud welding
unit, whether it is the welding gun or the power unit, should be familiar with them,
because improper use of stud welding units can be dangerous to life.
For your own sake you should know the safety instructions for operating your HBS
stud welding units inside out.
In addition to the protection of your health and the capital value of the enterprise, the
safety instructions are intended to clarify any responsibilities, which arise from
ownership and operation of the equipment.
This chapter of the operating manual offers you clear and easy to understand information
for the safe operation of your HBS stud welding unit.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
iii
Your power unit may differ in some details from the captions in this manual. This has
no effect on the operation of the welding machine.
Should you have questions about this manual or in case you want to order some more
copies, please provide the order number listed in the foot line.
Important reminder:
Data and information herein were collected with greatest care. Although we did our very
best to correctly update any information up to the time of delivery, there is no guarantee
in respect of errors.
If you should detect errors or mistakes right in this manual, please contact us:
HBS Bolzenschweiss-Systeme GmbH & Co. KG
Felix-Wankel-Strasse 18
85221 Dachau / Germany
A feedback blank is provided in the appendix.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1
General ............................................................................................. 7
1.1
Guide to this Operating Manual .................................................................... 8
1.2
Safety Symbols ............................................................................................ 9
1.3
General Safety Instructions ........................................................................ 10
1.4
Intended Use .............................................................................................. 10
1.5
Transportation, Packaging, Storage ........................................................... 11
1.6
Accompanying Documents ........................................................................ 11
1.7
Markings ..................................................................................................... 12
2
Delivery ........................................................................................... 13
3
Starting-up ..................................................................................... 14
3.1
Requirements of Workplace ...................................................................... 14
3.2
Connecting the Power Unit to the Primary Power Supply .......................... 15
3.3
Connecting the Welding Gun to the Power Unit ......................................... 16
3.4
Ground Connection .................................................................................... 17
3.5
Change Working Place .............................................................................. 17
4
Function ......................................................................................... 18
4.1
Components of the Power Unit .................................................................. 18
4.1.1
4.1.2
Power Unit ............................................................................................................. 18
Control Unit ............................................................................................................ 18
4.2
Keyboard and Display ................................................................................ 19
5
Stud Welding Procedure ............................................................... 20
5.1
Safety Instructions ...................................................................................... 20
5.2
Functional Principle of Stud Welding .......................................................... 23
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
Drawn-Arc Stud Welding with Ceramic Ferrule ....................................................... 25
Drawn-Arc Stud Welding with Shielding Gas .......................................................... 25
Short-Cycle Drawn-Arc Stud Welding with Shielding Gas ....................................... 26
Drawn-Arc Capacitor-Discharge Stud Welding ........................................................ 27
5.3
Welding Preparation ................................................................................... 27
5.4
High-strength Welds ................................................................................... 27
5.5
Determination of Welding Parameters ....................................................... 27
5.6
Switching on the Power Unit ...................................................................... 29
5.6.1
Adjusting the Welding Time ................................................................................... 30
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
v
Table of Contents
5.7
Welding Procedure .................................................................................... 30
5.8
Checking the Quality of the Weld ............................................................... 31
5.8.1
5.8.2
5.8.3
Visual Inspection ................................................................................................... 32
Bending Test .......................................................................................................... 33
Arc Blow Effect ...................................................................................................... 35
5.9
Malfunctions and Corrective Actions .......................................................... 36
5.10
Welding Elements ...................................................................................... 37
6
Switching off the Power Unit ........................................................ 40
6.1
Temporary Switching off ............................................................................. 40
6.2
Disposal ..................................................................................................... 40
7
Care and Maintenance .................................................................. 41
7.1
Safety Instructions ...................................................................................... 41
7.2
Regular Maintenance Operations ............................................................... 41
7.3
Tools to be Used ......................................................................................... 41
7.4
Open the Power Unit .................................................................................. 42
8
Appendix ........................................................................................ 43
8.1
Technical Data ............................................................................................ 43
8.2
Spare Parts ................................................................................................ 44
8.3
Electrical Circuit Diagram .......................................................................... 57
8.4
Environmentally Admissible Disposal ......................................................... 58
Glossary ......................................................................................... 59
Regulations and Standards .......................................................... 60
Further Instructions ....................................................................... 62
Guarantee Clauses ........................................................................ 63
Confirmation .................................................................................. 64
Feedback ........................................................................................ 65
Service & Support ......................................................................... 66
Index ............................................................................................... 67
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
1 General
1
General
Persons addressed by this operating manual
This operating manual is written for operators, personnel of the end user, and authorized
service technicians. It provides you with all necessary information to operate the power
unit.
Required user qualification
The power unit must only be operated by qualified personnel.
‹ Let the power unit only be operated by persons who
– are qualified through a suitable training according to the current standards (see
appendix),
– are properly instructed,
– are physically and intellectually suitable,
– can be expected to reliably fulfill the requested job.
What else must the owner observe?
Make sure that this operating manual is always in reach of the stud welding unit.
Read the entire manual before operating the power unit.
Strictly observe the safety instructions.
Before starting up the power unit, let the operator sign the confirmation that he/
she has read and fully understood the operating manual (see appendix).
‹ Do not commence stud welding until you have understood all operating
processes.
‹ Contact us if there are any doubts on certain operating procedures.
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹ Protect the power unit against unauthorized use.
‹ Inform our service in case of malfunction.
Based on this operating manual, a company specific work order, as well as a company
specific maintenance instruction must be drawn up. The company specific work order
must consider the special user conditions in your company.
Make sure that operators of the welder are provided with and wear personal protective
equipment, e.g. protective goggles, gloves, shoes, ear protection etc.
Owners and operators make sure that the power unit is only used as directed.
‹ During any activity such as transportation, set-up, (re-)assembly, production,
maintenance etc. observe the information given in this operating manual.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
7
1 General
1.1 Guide to this Operating Manual
1.1
Guide to this Operating Manual
This operating manual provides you with the following information
"Delivery"
in Chapter 2
"Starting-up"
in Chapter 3
"Functional Principle"
in Chapter 4
"Stud Welding Process"
in Chapter 5
"Switching off the Power Unit"
in Chapter 6
"Care and Maintenance"
in Chapter 7
Technical Data and much more
in Appendix
THREAT TO LIFE and risk of serious health and material damage in
case of improper use of the power unit. Observe all notes in this
operating manual.
Note for qualified operators (see chapter 1).
All instructions contained in this manual must also be observed
by qualified operators.
The welding process and the sequence of procedures to carry
out a weld are described in chapter 5.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
1 General
1.2 Safety Symbols
1.2
Safety Symbols
Symbols and markings used in this operating manual mean:
Threat to life or risk of personal injury
Risk of material damage
Ban for persons fitted with a pace maker
Warning of dangerous electrical voltage
Warning of electromagnetic fields
Wear protective clothes
Wear protective goggles
Wear ear protection
Additional tips for operation and service safety
‹
Prompt
–
List
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
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1 General
1.3 General Safety Instructions
1.3
General Safety Instructions
Improper operation of the power unit is LIFE-THREATENING!
Threat to life
– by electric shock and arc
– by toxic vapors and airborne particles
– by red-hot metal spatters (fire risk)
– by blow-up of explosive gases and materials
– by strong magnetic fields for persons fitted with a pace maker
In addition, through improper use damage to the stud welding unit
and to material can be caused. For details, see chapters 1, 3 and 5.
1.4
Intended Use
Warning: Unauthorized interference with the stud welding unit
as well as unauthorized alteration of the stud welding unit are
prohibited and result in complete cancellation of any guarantee
and liability claims against HBS.
Operation of the power unit is only allowed with HBS welding
guns, this clause is also part of ”use as directed”.
The power unit is intended to weld welding elements according to actual standards (see
chapter 5 and appendix). Any other use is regarded as not used as directed. The
manufacturer is not liable for damages resulting from the stud welding unit not used as
directed. Any risk is carried by the user.
The power unit is designed according to specific standards and accident prevention
regulations. Basics are European Union guidelines and in Germany valid standards.
Please note that in your country additional standards and safety conditions (especially
rules for accident prevention) may differ from the standards mentioned in this operating
manual. The power unit was manufactured to the latest developments in technology and
is regarded as safe to operate (place of operation see section 8.1).
The welding guns A 12, A 16, AI 06 and CA 08 can be connected to the HBS power unit
ARC 500. For details please contact the HBS customer service (address see page ii).
‹ Check in any case the operating manual of the HBS welding gun whether this
power unit can be used.
Observing the operating manual of the used welding gun is also part of the ”use as
directed”.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
1 General
1.5 Transportation, Packaging, Storage
1.5
Transportation, Packaging, Storage
HBS delivers products in a specific transport package.
‹ Save the undamaged packing. Ship and transport the device only in its original
packing.
Right before delivery, the power unit is once again checked for proper functioning and
a control mark is attached. When receiving the delivery, check everything for damages
and completeness. If damages occurred during transportation or components are
missing, inform the manufacturer or the haulier immediately (see page ii).
Proper functioning of the power unit can only be checked before starting-up by visual
inspection (visible damage).
The following items are to be observed if the power unit is not to be put into operation
immediately after delivery.
– The power unit must be stored in a secure place
– The power unit must be protected against humidity, dust, metallic dirt.
– Storage temperature: -5 °C to +50 °C
– Relative humidity:
0% to 50% at +40 °C
0% to 90% at +20 °C
‹ If you resell the power unit, please provide us with the name and postal address
of the new owner so that we can advise them of any changes to the operating
manual.
1.6
Accompanying Documents
In addition to this operating manual, you must observe the operating manual of the
welding gun as well as applicable accident prevention and safety instructions.
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1 General
1.7 Markings
1.7
Markings
There are various markings and safety symbols attached to your power unit (see
section 8.1).
‹ Make sure that all markings remain clearly visible.
Type plate
The type plate contains the following data:
Manufacturer
Type
Order No./Serial No.
Primary voltage
Fuse
Power consumption
Cooling class
Protection class
Date
Safety symbols
Replace illegible or damaged markings
Before opening machine disconnect mains
Observe operating manual
Warning of dangerous electrical voltage
‹ Secure the following safety symbols in the area of welding place:
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
2 Delivery
2
Delivery
The basic equipment of your power unit contains the following components:
No. of pieces
Part
Type
Order No.
1
Power unit
ARC 500
93-16-0401A
1
Operating manual
ARC 500
BA 93-16-0401A
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
13
3 Starting-up
3.1 Requirements of Workplace
3
Starting-up
In this chapter you learn what to observe during setting-up and starting-up of the power
unit.
3.1
Requirements of Workplace
Vapors and airborne particles may occur during stud welding
operations. Especially with surface treated materials, toxic
vapors may be produced.
‹ Ensure that a fume extraction is available and that the room is adequately
ventilated according to accident prevention regulations.
‹ If possible, do not weld in rooms which are lower than 3 meters.
‹ Special regulations apply for confined rooms, according to accident prevention
regulations of the official bodies (see appendix).
‹ Weld only in adequate distance from combustible articles or liquids.
‹ Before you start welding, remove any combustible articles or liquids in vicinity of
the workplace.
‹ Make sure that a fire extinguisher is within reach.
‹ Never weld in rooms exposed to risk of explosion.
‹ Do not set-up the product in the vicinity of any apparatus or equipment which is
sensitive to welding spatters.
‹ Do not set-up the product in the vicinity of any apparatus or equipment which is
sensitive to magnetic fields.
‹ Set-up the power unit:
–
–
–
–
on a stable, clean, and level surface
so that no-one is influenced or injured by welding spatters
so that all cables and primary lines are protected from being damaged
so that nobody will trip or fall over the cables or connection lines.
‹ Ensure that air is able to circulate freely through the housing.
If heat is built-up inside the housing caused by bad air circulation, the stud welding unit will be seriously damaged.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
3 Starting-up
3.2 Connecting the Power Unit to the Primary Power Supply
‹ Secure the following safety symbols in the area of welding place:
THREAT TO LIFE to persons fitted with a pace maker
Strong electro-magnetic fields occur in the vicinity of the stud welding
unit during welding. Such fields may affect the proper function of a
pace maker. Thus persons equipped with a pace maker must not
operate the stud welding unit and must not stay in its vicinity during
welding.
During the actual welding process, you must expect red-hot welding
spatters, possibly liquid spatters, a flash, and a loud bang > 90 dB (A).
Alert any colleagues who are occupied in the vicinity of the welder.
Wear your personal protective equipment according to actual
standards (see appendix).
3.2
Connecting the Power Unit to the Primary Power Supply
‹ Compare the primary voltage specified on the type plate with the voltage provided
by your primary power supply. The type plate is located on the backside of the
power unit.
Never connect the welder to a power supply with a voltage
different from the voltage indicated on the type plate.
‹ Check the current consumption specified on the type plate with the fuse rating of
your primary power supply.
‹ Have an electrician check whether the outlet to which you want to connect the
power unit is correctly grounded.
‹ Switch off the power unit.
‹ Insert the primary plug into the checked outlet.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
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3 Starting-up
3.3 Connecting the Welding Gun to the Power Unit
3.3
Connecting the Welding Gun to the Power Unit
Switch off the power unit. In this way, you avoid any risk of
electrical shock.
‹ Plug the welding cable of the welding gun into the socket of the power unit.
‹ Press-in the plug and twist firmly clockwise.
The connection is not secured against working itself loose!
Check the plug connections regularly to ensure that they are
properly locked. In case of loose connection, heat may build up
in the plug and may destroy the entire plug connection.
‹ Plug the control cable in the connector of the power unit.
‹ Twist the retaining nut of the control cable connector clockwise to secure the
connection.
The welding gun cables must not be coiled during welding.
Coiled cables work as a coil and may negatively affect the
welding result. Before welding, lay out the cables lengthwise.
‹ Fix the cables. Strong magnetic fields occur during welding which may cause a
movement of the cables. This may cause a slackness of the connections.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
3 Starting-up
3.4 Ground Connection
3.4
Ground Connection
‹ Plug the ground cable in the connector of the power unit.
‹ Press in the plug and twist firmly clockwise.
The connection is not secured against working itself loose!
Check the plug connections regularly to ensure that they are
properly locked. In case of loose connection, heat may build up
in the plug and may destroy the entire plug connection.
‹ Remove any rust, paint, or contaminants from the work piece in the areas where
you intend to connect the ground cables.
‹ Connect the ground clamps to the work piece as securely as possible.
Take care to ensure good contact and symmetrical connection.
The welding location must lie directly between the two ground
clamps.
3.5
Change Working Place
Switch off the power unit. In this way, you avoid any risk of
electrical shock.
‹ When you move your workplace, disconnect the welding gun and the ground
cables from the power unit. Proceed in reversed sequence as described in
sections 3.2, 3.3 and 3.4.
‹ After changing the workplace, check the welding gun and the ground cables for
possible damage or missing components.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
17
4 Function
4.1 Components of the Power Unit
4
Function
In this chapter you learn more about the design of the power unit and how to
use the various setting options.
4.1
Components of the Power Unit
4.1.1
Power Unit
The power unit consists of the main assemblies
1 -
Solid-State-Relais
2
-
Transformer
3 -
Rectifier
4
-
Control unit
Mains alternating current is transformed in the transformer (2) and converted in the
rectifier (3).
4.1.2
Control Unit
The control unit synchronizes the mechanical sequence (lifting the welding element)
with the electronic control (ignition of pilot arc, ignition of main arc, sequence of welding
time). The welding time is stepless adjustable.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
4 Function
4.2 Keyboard and Display
4.2
Keyboard and Display
Stand-by display green
Stand-by display red
=
=
Ready for welding
Locked
How to use displays and keys is described in section 5.6.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
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5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.1 Safety Instructions
5
Stud Welding Procedure
This chapter contains the basics of stud welding, how you must actually proceed, and
what must be observed. You learn to select correct welding parameters and which
welding elements can be used.
5.1
Safety Instructions
Improper operation of the power unit is LIFE-THREATENING!
Threat to life
– by electric shock and arc
– by toxic vapors and airborne particles
– by red-hot metal spatters (fire risk)
– by blow-up of explosive gases and materials
– during welding of hollow parts
– by strong magnetic fields to persons fitted with a pace maker
THREAT TO LIFE by electrical shock and arc
During the actual stud welding process, do not touch the welding
elements, chuck, or retaining nut nor any electrically conductive parts
in their vicinity. These are all electrically life.
Step onto an insulating mat, if you have to weld under the following
conditions:
– in confined rooms with electrically conductive walls
– under confined conditions between or on electrically conductive
parts
– with restricted freedom of movement on electrically conductive
parts
– in wet or hot areas
When operating the stud welding unit, you must not wear any metallic
jewellery incl. wrist watches, especially on hands. Remove any
electrically conductive or electro-magnetically sensitive parts from
your body before you start welding. In this way, you avoid the risk of
damage by electric shock or influence of electromagnetic fields.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.1 Safety Instructions
THREAT TO LIFE by toxic vapors and airborne particles
Toxic vapors and airborne particles may occur during stud welding
operations, especially with surface treated materials.
Ensure that a fume extraction is available that the room is adequately
ventilated according to accident prevention regulations.
If possible, do not weld in rooms which are lower than 3 meters.
Special regulations apply for confined rooms according to accident
prevention regulations of the official bodies of your country (see
appendix).
THREAT TO LIFE by red-hot metal spatters (fire risk)
Make sure that a fire extinguisher is within reach.
Do not wear clothes, which are contaminated with combustible
materials like oil, grease, kerosene etc. during welding.
Always wear your personal protective equipment such as:
– protective gloves to current standards (see appendix),
– safety goggles with a window providing protection class 2 to
current standards (see appendix),
– non-combustible clothes
– ear protection to current standards (see appendix),
– a protective apron over your clothes,
– a protective headgear when welding overhead.
Before starting to weld, remove all combustible articles and liquids in
vicinity of the workplace.
Weld only in sufficient distance from combustible articles or liquids.
choose a safety distance where there is no risk to injury from welding
spatters!
THREAT TO LIFE by blow-up of explosive gases and materials
Never weld in rooms exposed to danger by explosion.
Special know-how is required when welding hollow parts which
– are combustible or support combustion,
– can emit toxic gases, vapors, or airborne particles,
– can explode.
Never execute such operations, if you do not have such special knowhow.
Observe the regulations for accident prevention and standards
which apply to the use of your stud welding unit (see appendix).
The official Professional Association of your country will
provide you with further information.
Please note that in your country additional standards and safety
conditions (especially rules for accident prevention) may differ
from the standards mentioned in this operating manual.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
21
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.1 Safety Instructions
THREAT TO LIFE to persons fitted with a pace maker
Strong electro-magnetic fields occur in the vicinity of the stud welding
unit during welding. Such fields may affect the proper function of a
pace maker. Thus persons equipped with a pace maker must not
operate the stud welding unit and must not stay in its vicinity during
welding.
During the actual welding process, you must expect red-hot welding
spatters, possibly liquid spatters, a flash, and a loud bang > 90 dB (A).
Alert any colleagues who are occupied in the vicinity of the welder.
Wear your personal protective equipment according to actual
standards (see appendix).
MAGNETIC FIELDS!
During stud welding, strong magnetic fields are present. Do not
weld in the vicinity of electrical systems and machines which
could be affected.
Warning: Unauthorized interference with the stud welding unit
as well as unauthorized alteration of the stud welding unit are
prohibited and result in complete cancellation of any guarantee
and liability claims against HBS.
‹ In case of any accidents whatsoever, advise a physician, your supervisor, and
the official bodies immediately.
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ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.2 Functional Principle of Stud Welding
5.2
Functional Principle of Stud Welding
The face of a stud-shaped welding element and the opposite surface of the work piece
are molten by an arc. Stud welding is suitable for the welding of joining elements across
the entire cross-section, mainly using pin-shaped metallic welding elements with
metallic work pieces.
The various processes of arc stud welding are distinguished by:
– The method of weld pool protection (shielding gas - SG, ceramic ferrule - CF or no
protection - NP)
– The length of welding time (standard ARC or short-cycle drawn-arc stud welding - SC)
– The energy source (welding rectifier supplied by mains, inverter, capacitor battery)
Variations for drawn-arc ignition are described in current standards and regulations (see
appendix).
Drawn-Arc Stud Welding
The HBS stud welding unit operates by process of ‘arc stud welding with drawn-arc
ignition’ according to the current standards (see appendix). The standards assign this
method of joining pin-shaped elements with plane work pieces to the so called ‘Arc
Pressure Welding’ (code BH).
Joining is carried out in plastic or liquefied condition of the welding zone. The process
can be carried out mechanically or automatically, depending on the used welding guns/
welding heads.
Generally, the positive pole of the power unit is connected to the work piece. The welding
element is manually or automatically inserted into the chuck of the welding gun or of the
welding head. Then it is placed onto the work piece - possibly equipped with a ceramic
ferrule (see position 1). When the button of the welding gun is triggered, the automated
welding process starts, which works as follows:
Pre-flow of shielding gas depending on set pre-flow time (only with shielding gas for weld
pool protection).
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
23
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.2 Functional Principle of Stud Welding
– At the beginning of the welding process, the welding element (stud) in the welding
gun is lifted clear off the work piece by a lifting device (solenoid). An initial switched
current triggers a pilot arc of a low current power (see position 2). Then the main arc
ignites between the face area of the welding element and the work piece.
– The main arc burns at the set current during the welding time preselected at the
power unit. The selected welding energy must match the requirements of the
selected welding element. The energy of the arc melts the face of the welding element
and the work piece (see position 3).
– At the end of the preset welding time, the stud is mechanically moved to the work
piece. On plunging into the weld pool, the two weld zones join and solidify. The
contact of stud and work piece extinguishes the arc in a short-circuit and the main
current is switched off.
– The weld zone solidifies and cools down. The welding element is now welded to the
work piece over its entire cross-section of the welding element (see position 4). As
soon as the weld metal is cooled down, the welding gun can be carefully withdrawn
from the welding element. When using shielding gas, the shielding gas flow is
switched off with the withdrawal of the welding gun. If a ceramic ferrule is used, it can
be removed by light hammer blows.
The welding range of drawn-arc stud welding is about 3 to 25 mm diameter when using
mild steel/stainless steel. Welding elements with rectangular cross-section should not
exceed a ratio length : width of about 5 : 1. All technical information and adjustment
values are based on the use of welding elements which correspond with current
standards (see appendix).
Variations on Drawn-Arc Stud Welding
Item
Drawn-arc stud welding with
ceramic ferrule/ring
Drawn-arc stud welding with Short-cycle stud welding Capacitor-discharge stud
shielding gas
with shielding gas
welding with drawn-arc
Diameter
welding element d
[metric mm (imperial)]
3 - 25
(#4 or 12 gage to 1")
3 - 12 (16)
(#4 or 12 gage to 1/2" (5/8")
3 - 12
(#4 or 12 gage to 1/2")
2-8
(14 gage to 5/16")
Max. current I [A]
Welding time t [ms]
Energy source
3000
50 - 2000
Welding rectifier
Welding transformer
Ceramic ferrule CF
2500
50 - 2000
Welding rectifier
Welding transformer
Shielding gas SG
1500
5 - 100
Welding rectifier
5000
3 - 10
Capacitor
Weld pool protection
Material welding
element
Workpiece surface
Min. thickness of
workpiece
Adjustable parameters
24
Shielding gas SG
No protection NP
S 235
S 235
S 235
CrNi steel
CrNi steel
CrNi steel
Aluminum (up to 12 mm/0,47") Aluminum (up to 12 mm/0,47") Brass (with shielding gas)
No protection NP
Metallic bright
(rolling skin, rust film)
¼d
min. 1 mm (0,04")
Welding current
I [A] = 80 x d
(up to 16 mm/0,63")
Welding time
t [ms] = 20 x d
(up to 12 mm/0,47")
Lift
(arc length)
Plunging depth
Metallic bright,
galvanized, light oiled
1/8 d
min. 0,6 mm (0,02")
Welding current
I [A] = 100 x d
(up to 12 mm/0,47")
Welding time
Metallic bright,
galvanized, light oiled
1/10 d
min. 0,6 mm (0,02")
Charging voltage
Lift
(arc length)
Plunging depth
Spring pressure
(plunging speed)
Plunging depth
Metallic bright
(rolling skin, rust film)
1/8 d
min. 1 mm (0,04")
Welding current
I [A] = 80 x d
(up to 16 mm/0,63")
Welding time
t [ms] = 20 x d
(up to 12 mm/0,47")
Lift
(arc length)
Plunging depth
S 235
CrNi steel
Aluminum, brass, copper
Ignition point / lift
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.2 Functional Principle of Stud Welding
5.2.1
Drawn-Arc Stud Welding with Ceramic Ferrule
Drawn-arc stud welding with ceramic ferrule is used with welding elements of 3 to 25 mm
diameter (preferably above 12 mm diameter) and with welding times of 50 to 2000 ms.
It is generally suitable for all welding positions. When stud welding with ceramic ferrule,
the welding position is PA (vertical). The major part of all applications applies to this
procedure.
The ceramic ferrule (CF)
– prevents atmosphere from getting to the weld pool by a formation of metal vapor in
the arc chamber
– stabilizes and concentrates the arc, thus decreasing the arc blow effect
– forms the melt under pressure to a weld collar and supports the weld pool on a vertical
wall and overhead
– protects the welder from arc radiation and welding spatters.
Normally, the ceramic ferrule is used for only one weld and is removed after solidification
of the weld pool.
Standard welding elements and ceramic ferrules are described in several standards (see
appendix). When using concrete anchors or shear connectors the front area can be
plane constructed with a small pressed-in aluminum ball.
Studs with cone-shaped front area and aluminum ball
ceramic ferrule.
5.2.2
are preferably used with
Drawn-Arc Stud Welding with Shielding Gas
Drawn-arc stud welding with shielding gas is used with welding elements for a diameter
range of 3 to 12 (16) mm and with welding times from 50 to 2000 ms. Principally, it is
suitable for all welding positions, however, it is preferably used in vertical position PA.
With stud welding with shielding gas, the weld area is protected by shielding gas. The
shielding gas, which is fed from outside through a gas control and an additional device,
displaces the ambient atmosphere from the welding area and reduces considerably pore
formation.
With steel and CrNi steel, the gas mixture 82% Ar and 18% CO2
(DIN EN ISO 14175 – M21) is mainly used.
With aluminum, pure argon Ar 99,99 (DIN EN ISO 14175 – I1) or
Ar-He mixtures (DIN EN ISO 14175 – I3) are used.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
25
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.2 Functional Principle of Stud Welding
The shielding gas influences
– the arc and the melting behavior of welding element and work piece,
– the development of the weld collar and the penetration shape via the surface tension.
With stud welding with shielding gas, the shape of the weld collar is not reproducible,
as the shielding gas has no forming effects on the melt – different from a ceramic ferrule.
And so an additional ceramic ferrule may be used in special cases.
The standard welding elements and ceramic ferrules for drawn-arc stud welding are
described in several standards (see appendix). Welding elements with cone-shaped
front area and without an aluminum ball are preferably used.
Studs with cone-shaped front area
preferably used under shielding gas.
With shielding gas, you should only weld in position PA (vertical) because due to gravity, the shielding gas cannot prevent
flow of the molten metal.
5.2.3
Short-Cycle Drawn-Arc Stud Welding with Shielding Gas
Short-cycle drawn-arc welding with shielding gas is used for welding elements within a
diameter range of 3 to 12 mm (nominal diameter without flange) and welding times
between 5 and 100 ms.
Due to the short welding times, the energy input and the weld pool are so small that also
welding elements up to 12 mm diameter can be welded on thin work pieces.
Normally, welding elements with flange (according to current standards, see appendix)
are used, which forms a larger welding area compared with the shaft diameter. In this
way, higher tensional forces than in the stud shaft can be transmitted in spite of some
pores in the weld zone. To minimize pore formation, the use of shielding gas for stud
diameters upwards of 8 mm is recommended.
26
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.3 Welding Preparation
5.2.4
Drawn-Arc Capacitor-Discharge Stud Welding
With drawn-arc capacitor-discharge stud welding, the welding energy is taken from a
capacitor. As a result, welding currents are very high and welding times (< 10 ms) very
short. Normally, a weld pool protection is not required. The process is mainly used for
welding elements in a diameter range of up to 8 mm.
5.3
Welding Preparation
‹ Read the safety instructions in chapters 1, 3 and 5.
‹ Observe the workplace requirements (chapter 3, ”Starting-up").
‹ Check all cables and connections for proper condition.
‹ Replace immediately defective cables and cable connections to avoid electrical
shocks.
‹ Check the chuck for proper seat (see operating manual of according welding
gun).
‹ Before welding, make sure that the bellows are checked for damage and proper
seat.
5.4
High-strength Welds
‹ The following must be removed both from the weld zone and the ground clamp
connection areas:
– paint, oil and any other impurities,
– rust,
– non-conductive coatings from surface treated work pieces.
‹ Weld to smooth and flat surfaces only.
For welding to pipes or punched plates consult our responsible
application manager (address of customer service see page ii).
5.5
Determination of Welding Parameters
The adjustment of welding parameters on the power unit (e.g. welding time) or on the
welding gun (e.g. lift) depends amongst others on
– material of the welding element
– diameter of the welding element
– material of the work piece
The guidelines should be verified by test welding on the actual material and be changed
if necessary. For an assessment of welding results, see sections 5.8 and 5.9.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
27
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.5 Determination of Welding Parameters
Determination of welding time
Data given in the following table are only guidelines. They must
be verified by trial welds on the actual material according to
actual standards and DVS guidelines (see appendix). Before
you use another lot of welding elements, carry out some trial
welds to verify the parameter setting.
Setting of power unit
Designation RD
(MR)
(metric) (imperial)
M3
1/8"
M4
5/32"
M5
3/16"
M6
1/4"
M8
5/16"
M10
3/8"
Designation DD
(MD)
(metric) (imperial)
M3
1/8"
M4
5/32"
M5
3/16"
M6
1/4"
M8
5/16"
M10
3/8"
Eff. Diameter
(mm/inches)
Welding
time (ms)
not standardized
not standardized
not standardized
4,7/0.19
6,2/0.24
7,9/0.31
65
110
180
Eff. Diameter
(mm/inches)
Welding
time (ms)
not standardized
not standardized
not standardized
5,35/0.21
7,19/0.28
9,03/0.35
80
150
1)
Designation UD / Pins
Eff. Diameter
Welding
time (ms)
(metric) (imperial) (metric/mm) (imperial)
3
#4 or 12 gage
3
#4 or 12 gage
4
#8
4
#8
5
#10 or 3/16
5
#10 or 3/16
6
1/4"
6
1/4"
8
5/16"
8
5/16"
10
7/16"
10
7/16"
Designation FD
(metric)
M3
M4
M5
M6
M8
M10
(imperial)
1/8"
5/32"
3/16"
1/4"
5/16"
3/8"
Eff. Diameter
25
45
70
110
180
1)
Welding
time (ms)
(metric/mm) (imperial)
4
#8
5
#10 or 3/16
6
1/4"
7
0.27"
9
0.35"
11
0.43"
50
70
100
140
1)
1)
Setting of welding gun
Preferably under shielding gas
Welding element with
conical face
Eff. diameter
(metric/mm)
(imperial)
3
#4 or 12 gage
4
#8
5
#10 or 3/16
6
1/4"
8
5/16"
10
7/16"
12
1/2"
1)
Preferably with ceramic ferrule
Welding element with
plane face
Plunging depth
Lift
Plunging depth
Lift
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
2,5
2,5
2,5
2,5
2,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
2,0
1)
1)
1)
1)
1)
1)
1)
1)
power unit with higher capacity required
Further notes on
– welding elements
– prestress at installation (tie load) and torque
– material combinations
see appendix and operating manual of the according welding
gun.
28
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.6 Switching on the Power Unit
5.6
Switching on the Power Unit
Improper operation of the stud welding unit is
LIFE-THREATENING!
First read the safety instructions in chapters 1, 3 and 5.
‹ Insert the primary plug of the power unit into an appropriate socket.
‹ Switch on the power unit with the mains switch.
The digital display shows the adjusted charging voltage.
There is a luminous indication (LED) to the left of the display:
Green –
on, power unit is ready for welding
Red
on, power unit is locked
•
after welding, until there is electrical contact with the
work piece
•
if the power unit is overheated (the display shows 8 ... 2).
After a short cooling period, the work can continue.
–
Green –
lights if the solenoid of the welding gun is controlled
Green –
lights if the welding gun button is triggered
Green –
lights if there is electrical contact between welding element
and work piece.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
29
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.7 Welding Procedure
5.6.1
Adjusting the Welding Time
‹ Refer to the table in section 5.5 for the required welding time matching your
welding job.
‹ Set the welding time (digital display) with the arrow keys
(⇑ higher – ⇓ lower) on the display.
5.7
Welding Procedure
Improper operation of the stud welding unit is
LIFE-THREATENING! The stud welding unit must only be
operated by qualified personnel (see chapter 1).
Observe the safety instructions in chapters 1, 3 and 5.
‹ Prepare the stud welding unit, the ground connection, and the work piece
according to the instructions given in the operating manual.
Chapter 5 contains guideline for welding parameters. The data
given are only guidelines. They must be verified by trial welds
on the actual work piece according to actual standards and DVS
regulations (see appendix).
During the actual welding process, you must expect red-hot welding
spatters, possibly liquid spatters, a flash, and a loud bang may occur
> 90dB (A). Inform any collegues who are occupied in the vicinity of
the welder about the bang.
Wear always your personal protective equipment according to actual
standards (see appendix).
‹ Insert the welding element into the chuck.
As soon as the power unit is ready for the welding process,
‹ place the welding gun vertically against the work piece,
‹ push the welding gun firmly with both hands onto the work piece until the welding
gun support (distance device) is evenly seated on the work piece,
‹ hold the welding gun firmly, still, and straight,
‹ take care that you do not touch any metallic part of the welding gun,
‹ press the trigger button of the welding gun.
This initiates the welding process.
30
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.8 Checking the Quality of the Weld
The welding process can only be initiated, if the current circuit
is closed, i.e. the welding element is in electrical contact with
the base material.
After the welding process has been completed, withdraw the
welding gun straight back from the welding element. If you
remove the welding gun at an angle, the chuck will be stretched, this reduces its life expectancy.
You can now insert a new welding element in the chuck and repeat the welding process
as described above.
5.8
Checking the Quality of the Weld
You can check the quality of the weld by means of a visual inspection and a bending
test.
See also actual standards in the appendix “Arc stud welding of
metallic materials“, in section irregularities and corrective
actions.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
31
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.8 Checking the Quality of the Weld
5.8.1
Visual Inspection
A visual inspection must be carried out with each welding element.
Shape, size, evenness, and color of the weld collar are assessed during a visual
inspection. The length of a welded element should be 2 - 3 mm shorter than before
welding.
32
Contraction of w eld collar
- Plunging depth or lift too low
- Increase plunging depth, check lift and
centering of the ceramic ring
w elding element too long
- Welding energy too high
- Decrease current and/or time
- Ceramic ring not centered correctly
- Check centering
Weakly developed, uneven w eld collar w ith
mat surf ace
- Welding energy too low
- Increase current and/or time
Welding element too long
- Ceramic ring is humid
- Rebake ceramic rings in a furnace
Single-sided w eld collar
- Arc blow effect
- See arc blow effect
Undercut
- Ceramic ring not centered correctly
- Check centering
Weld collar low , shiny surface w ith many
spatters
- Welding energy too high
- Decrease current and/or time
Welding element too short
- Plunging speed too high
- Adjust plunging depth and/or damping factor
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.8 Checking the Quality of the Weld
5.8.2
Bending Test
You can purchase from HBS a bending device with inserts for various diameters of the
welding elements.
The bending test serves as an easy work sample and as a check for the selected welding
parameters. The welded joint is stressed by bending in a non-defined way.
‹ Bend the welding element with the bending device once by 60°.
Carry out the test in different directions.
The bending test is passed if a crack or a fracture of the welded zone does not occur.
‹ Please note the instructions on fault recognition and corrective actions in
chapter 5.
You don’t need to test all studs. It is sufficient to carry out stud
tests at random.
If the strength of the joint is inadequate, then:
‹ check the setting of the stud welding unit
‹ check whether the surface of welding element and base material are clean and
electrically conductive (must be free from scale, oil, paint, oxide layers)
‹ grind off hardened work piece surfaces (e.g. roll hardening).
‹ Check the piston of the welding gun for ease of movement.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
33
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.8 Checking the Quality of the Weld
Bending Test
34
Type of fracture
Base material buckling
Possible cause
- Correct parameters
Corrective actions
- none
Fracture in welding element
above weld collar
- Correct parameters
- none
Fracture in the weld metal
Many pores
- Welding energy too low
- Plunging speed too low
- Unsuitable stud/base
material combination
- Increase welding energy
- Increase plunging speed
- Replace welding element or
workpiece
Fracture in the weld metal
Shiny fracture
surface
- Welding time too short
- Increase welding time
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.8 Checking the Quality of the Weld
5.8.3
Arc Blow Effect
A so called arc blow effect can occur with unproportionally distributed ground connections in relation to the base material mass, varying material distribution, or welding at
the edge of a work piece. This is an undesired deflection of the arc. It causes a singlesided melting of the stud material, increased pore formation, and undercuts in the
welding area.
The arc blow effect is proportional to the current and can be influenced by symmetric
installation of the ground clamps, by fitting of compensation masses, or by rotating the
welding gun around its vertical axis (applies for welding guns with external welding
cable).
Arc blow effects and some corrective actions
(according to standards, see appendix)
Cause
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Corre ctive action
35
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.9 Malfunctions and Corrective Actions
5.9
Malfunctions and Corrective Actions
Malfunction
Possible cause
Fault finding
Corrective action
Carried out by
Primary sw itch does
not rest in position 1
Primary sw itch
defective
Check primary sw itch *)
Replace primary sw itch *)
Qualified personnel
Replace fuse F4 1 AF *)
Qualified personnel
Check voltage supply of primary
Fuse F4 1 AF for
primary sw itch
sw itch *)
defective
Primary cable defective Check primary cable for breaks *)
Replace primary cable *)
Qualified personnel
No LED display at the Fuse F5 1 AF defective Check fuse F5 1 AF *)
front
Replace fuse F5 1 AF *)
Qualified personnel
No K-display
No
display
No ground connection
Check ground connection on
w orkpiece
Tighten ground connection
properly
Qualified personnel
Welding gun not
connected
Check w elding gun connection
Connect w elding gun properly
Instructed personnel
Check material surface
Transition resistance
(betw een w elding
element and w orkpiece)
too high
Clean or grind material surface
Instructed personnel
Ground cable broken
Check ground cable *)
Replace ground cable *)
Qualified personnel
Welding gun cable
broken
Defective connecting
line of w elding gun
Check w elding gun cable *)
Replace w elding gun cable *)
Qualified personnel
Check function of connecting line *) Replace connecting line *)
Qualified personnel
Welding gun trigger
button defective
Check control cable for electrical
flow w ith triggered start button *)
Replace w elding gun trigger
button *)
Qualified personnel
Control cable broken
Check control cable for electrical
flow *)
Pow er unit resets automatically
Replace control cable *)
Qualified personnel
Continuously red
Welding sequence too
display: Display 8...2 fast
Gun does not lift, in
spite of
and
No lift adjusted
Check settings of w elding gun
Modify set parameters
Instructed personnel
Short circuit of solenoid Check resistance value of control
circuit of the w elding
cable (18 Ω to 22 Ω) betw een Pin
gun
1 and Pin 2 *)
Replace control cable plug,
control cable, solenoid *)
Qualified personnel
Solenoid defective
Replace solenoid *)
Qualified personnel
Replace fuse F3 4 AF *)
Qualified personnel
Check solenoid (18 Ω to
22 Ω) *)
Fuse F3 4 AF defective Check fuse F3 4 AF *)
Lifting impossible
Let sw itched on pow er unit cool Instructed personnel
dow n, pow er unit resets
automatically
Solenoid circuit
interrupted
Check resistance value at control Replace solenoid or control line *) Qualified personnel
cable plug (18 Ω to 22 Ω) betw een
Pin 1 and Pin 2 *)
Actions marked with *) must only be carried out by qualified
electricians!
If none of the actions is successful, please contact our service
department.
36
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.10 Welding Elements
5.10
Welding Elements
The stud welding unit must be suitable for welding the welding elements to be used.
Observe the instructions in the operating manuals.
Welding elements are mainly manufactured with the cold formed process.
We recommend the following standard welding elements (see appendix).
Use only welding elements of the same lot. Take particular care
not to mix-up different lots. Slightest variations in geometry of
the welding elements, especially of the ignition tip, require
modified settings of the welding process.
Threaded stud RD (MR)
Diameter
Length
Ceramic
Chuck
Shielding gas *)
M6
15-40 mm
83-50-006
83-51-006
M8
15-50 mm
83-50-008
83-51-008
M10
20-55 mm
83-50-010
83-51-010
M12
25-60 mm
83-50-012
83-51-012
M16
30-65 mm
83-50-016
83-51-016
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
Threaded stud DD (MD)
Diameter
Length
Ceramic
Chuck
Shielding gas *)
M6
15-30 mm
83-50-006
83-51-006
M8
15-50 mm
83-50-008
83-51-008
M10
20-55 mm
83-50-010
83-51-010
M12
25-60 mm
83-50-012
83-51-012
M16
30-65 mm
83-50-016
---
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
Threaded stud PD (MP)
Diameter
Length
Ceramic
Chuck
Shielding gas *)
M6
15-40 mm
83-50-006
83-51-006
M8
20-50 mm
83-50-008
83-51-008
M10
20-160 mm
83-50-010
83-51-010
M12
25-160 mm
83-50-012
83-51-012
M16
30-160 mm
83-50-016
---
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
*
Please use only
welding elements without aluminum ball.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
37
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.10 Welding Elements
Pin UD (S)
Diameter
Length
Ceramic
Chuck
Shielding gas *)
6
20-50 mm
83-50-006
83-51-006
8
20-50 mm
83-50-008
83-51-008
10
20-80 mm
83-50-010
83-51-010
12
20-80 mm
83-50-012
83-51-012
16
25-80 mm
83-50-016
---
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
Pin with internal thread MI (ID) Diameter
Length
Ceramic
Chuck
Shielding gas *)
M10
20-50 mm
83-50-010
83-51-010
M12
20-50 mm
83-50-012
83-51-012
M16
20-50 mm
83-50-016
---
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
Head stud SD
Diameter
Length
Chuck ceramic
1/4" (6)
50-100 mm
83-53-006
3/8" (10)
50-175 mm
83-53-010
1/2" (13)
50-175 mm
83-53-012
5/8" (16)
50-175 mm
83-53-019
3/4" (19)
50-175 mm
83-53-019
7/8" (22)
75-200 mm
83-53-022
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
Ceramic ferrule RF
for threaded stud RD
Diameter
Ceramic ferrule support
6
80-31-095
8
80-31-120
10
80-31-150
12
80-31-170
16
80-31-205
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
*
38
Please use only
welding elements without aluminum ball.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
5 Stud Welding Procedure
5.10 Welding Elements
- Ceramic ferrule PF for threaded stud PD Diameter
- Ceramic ferrrule UF for pins UD, MI
Ceramic ferrule support
6
80-31-095
8
80-31-120
10
80-31-150
12
80-31-205
16
80-30-116
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
Ceramic ferrule UF for head stud SD Diameter
Ceramic ferrule support
1/4"
80-30-206
3/8"
80-30-210
1/2"
80-30-213
5/8"
80-30-219
3/4"
80-30-219
7/8"
80-30-222
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
Threaded stud FD
with flange
Diameter
Length
Chuck
M3
on request
82-50-003
M4
on request
82-50-004
M5
on request
82-50-005
M6
on request
82-50-006
M8
on request
82-50-008
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301
X-mas tree stud
Diameter
Length
Chuck
5
on request
82-50-005
6
on request
82-50-006
Materials: S235 / St37.3k (4.8) / 1.4301, 1.4303
We look forward to consult you with view to special welding elements and other special
materials.
HBS Bolzenschweiss-Systeme GmbH & Co. KG
Felix-Wankel-Strasse 18
85221 Dachau / Germany
Phone +49 (0) 8131 511-0
Fax
+49 (0) 8131 511-100
E-mail post@hbs-info.com
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
39
6 Switching off the Power Unit
6.1 Temporary Switching off
6
Switching off the Power Unit
This chapter describes what you should observe when you switch off the power unit
temporarily or completely.
6.1
Temporary Switching off
‹ Switch off the power unit.
‹ Unplug the control cable and the welding cable from the power unit.
‹ Protect the power unit against ingress of fluids and foreign bodies.
6.2
Disposal
If you shut down the installation, you can return the complete power unit to HBS (for
address see page ii).
We will take care of environmentally correct material separation and disposal.
40
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
7 Care and Maintenance
7.1 Safety Instructions
7
Care and Maintenance
7.1
Safety Instructions
Let maintenance and repair operations be carried out only by
qualified personnel or by your competent service technician.
Before starting any repair or maintenance operation, always switch
the power unit off and disconnect the primary plug.
Do not wear a wrist watch or any electrically conductive jewellery.
7.2
Regular Maintenance Operations
Clean the inner components of the power unit periodically of
dust. Use a dry washcloth or a brush. To open the power unit,
proceed as described in sections 7.1, 7.3 and 7.4.
‹ Clean the surface of the power unit with a humid washcloth and a detergent.
Do not use any solvent containing cleaning agents. Solvent
containing cleaning agents may damage the surface of the
power unit.
7.3
Tools to be Used
– Cross-slotted screwdriver, size 2
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
41
7 Care and Maintenance
7.4 Open the Power Unit
7.4
Open the Power Unit
Open the power unit only if you are sufficiently qualified in
repairing electrical equipment.
‹ Remove the 10 screws of the casing (5 at each side).
‹ Carefully remove the cover and disconnect the ground cable on the inside of the
cover.
‹ Now pull off the cover.
‹ Re-assemble the power unit in reverse sequence.
Make sure that no cables are jammed or sheared during
assembly.
42
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.1 Technical Data
8
Appendix
In the appendix, there is information of interest regarding technical data, spare part lists,
accessories, standards, etc.
8.1
Technical Data
Power Unit ARC 500
for ARC stud welding according to current standards
Welding range
M3 to MR10, dia. 2 to 8 mm
(#4 to 7/16", dia. 14 ga to 5/16")
Welding material
Mild steel, stainless steel
Welding rate
5 to 15 studs/min (depending on
application and stud dia.)
Welding current
580 A
Welding time
5 to 350 msec
Primary power
230/460 V, 3 phases, 50/60 Hz, 50/35 AT
(alternative input voltages available)
Power source
Transformer/Rectifier
Cooling type
F (temperature controlled cooling fan)
Protection class
IP 23 (also permits operation outdoors)
Operational and storage conditions
According to current standards
Dimensions L x W x H
470 x 230 x 220 mm (18.5” x 9.1” x 8.7”)
without handle
Weight
31 kg (68 lbs)
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
43
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
8.2
Spare Parts
Spare part list power unit type ARC 500 (93-16-0401A)
When ordering spare parts, please indicate order number and type of power unit.
44
Pos.
Quantity
Order No.
Description
2
5
7
8
10
11
1
1
11
1
80-90-184
88-11-556
88-10-546
80-90-158
88-11-259A
Tooth lock washer A4
Bottom unit complete
Cover plate
Screw M4 x 6 black
Rear wall complete
11
12
13
14
15
2
2
2
2
1
80-90-149
80-90-150
80-90-167
80-10-249
88-11-557
Screw M8 x 20
Washer 8 mm
Cupal washer M8
Flat connection
Support unit complete
16
17
20
21
22
2
2
1
3
2
80-90-140
80-90-141
88-11-268A
80-10-159
80-10-115
Spring washer 8 mm
Nut M8
Front plate complete
Cap
Cap
25
26
27
28
29
1
5
2
5
2
80-10-857
80-90-199
80-90-202
80-90-128
80-90-225
Handle A=300
Screw M5 x 12
Washer 5 mm
Spring washer 5 mm
Head nut M5
30
31
35
40
65
1
10
1
1
1
88-11-272
80-90-280
80-11-625
80-11-623
80-11-359
Cover
Screw M4 x 10 black
Label mat black
Label mat white
Conductor mark ground cable 1,60
1
80-70-291C
Cable harness
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Power unit ARC 500 (93-16-0401A)
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
45
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Front plate complete ARC 500 (88-11-268A)
Pos.
Quantity
Order No.
Description
5
10
11
12
25
1
1
2
6
2
88-11-269
88-11-270
80-90-121
80-90-153
80-50-035
Front plate
Board support
Spring washer 4 mm
Nut M4
Mounting sleeve
29
30
34
35
40
2
1
4
1
2
80-90-137
80-30-195
80-90-179
80-50-480
88-11-283
Screw M3 x 8
Control cable sleeve
Screw M4 x 12
Primary switch
Distance sleeve 6,5 x 9
45
1
80-80-497
50
55
60
65
2
1
2
1
80-11-023
80-80-490
80-10-149
88-10-930A
P.C. board ARC processor
(observe program version!) *
Distance stud
Electronic board ARC supply
Distance stud
Front film
67
68
70
75
80
4
2
1
1
2
80-10-576
80-56-215
80-70-278
80-70-279
80-11-111
Flat connection
Capacitor
Connection cable
Connection cable
Cage nut M4
85
90
1
1
80-11-754
80-11-359
HBS-Logo small
Conductor mark ground cable 1,60
* see sticker “Controller”
46
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Front plate complete ARC 500 (88-11-268A)
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
47
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Support unit complete ARC 500 (88-11-557)
48
Pos.
Quantity
Order No.
Description
2
3
4
5
6
3
3
6
1
6
80-90-320
80-90-197
80-90-146
88-12-833
80-90-198
Screw M6 x 20
Tooth lock washer A6
Nut M6
Angled support plate
Washer 6 mm
7
8
9
10
12
7
2
1
1
10
80-90-147
80-11-670
80-11-669
88-11-266
80-90-121
Spring washer 6 mm
Cable mounting
Wire protecting sleeve
Angle plate
Spring washer 4 mm
13
25
35
40
45
6
1
2
1
1
80-90-164
80-30-262
80-10-785
80-11-643
80-50-927
Washer 4 mm
Clamping jaw complete
Adhesive clip
Cable mounting pluggable
Mains filter
46
50
51
52
53
14
1
6
12
6
80-90-191
88-11-263
80-90-199
80-90-128
80-90-202
Screw M4 x 8
Mounting plate
Screw M5 x 12
Spring washer 5 mm
Washer 5 mm
54
55
57
58
60
6
3
2
6
1
80-90-181
80-55-329
80-10-050
80-90-163
88-11-265
Cupal washer M5
Diodes-Diodes module
Flat connection
Screw M6 x 16
Conductor rail plus
62
63
65
70
75
4
2
1
1
1
80-90-203
80-11-642
88-11-264
80-40-384
80-40-383
Screw M6 x 12
Distance stud M6
Conductor rail minus
Clamping plate
Cupal plate
80
84
85
90
95
1
4
1
1
1
80-55-076
80-90-168
80-10-177
80-56-041
80-57-332
Thyristor
Screw M5 x 35
Clamping device
Capacitor
Resistor L
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
97
98
100
105
110
2
2
1
1
2
80-90-202
80-90-127
88-11-559
80-80-491C
80-55-021
Washer 5 mm
Screw M5 x 8
Transformer 230/460 V
P.C. board ARC transformer
Solid State Relay
112
115
120
2
1
3
80-55-116
80-70-344
80-11-359
Varistor
Varistor
Conductor mark ground cable 1,60
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
49
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Rear wall complete ARC 500 (88-11-259A)
50
Pos.
Quantity
Order No.
Description
5
10
15
30
31
1
1
1
1
4
88-16-456
80-10-0960
80-11-567
80-50-049
80-90-108
Rear wall
ZEVB-Screwing
Lock nut
Fan
Screw M4 x 12
32
33
35
4
1
1
80-90-121
80-90-184
80-11-359
Spring washer 4 mm
Tooth lock washer A4
Conductor mark ground cable 1,60
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Bottom unit complete ARC 500 (88-11-556)
Pos.
Quantity
Order No.
Description
3
5
10
11
12
6
1
4
4
4
80-11-437
88-11-256
80-10-203
80-90-173
80-90-164
Cage nut M4
Bottom plate
Casing leg
Screw M4 x 10
Washer 4 mm
15
16
17
18
20
1
2
2
2
1
88-11-258
80-90-152
80-90-128
80-90-202
80-57-041
Resistor support
Screw M5 x 10
Spring washer 5 mm
Washer 5 mm
Resistor
25
26
27
28
30
1
4
4
4
1
88-11-558
80-90-163
80-90-147
80-90-198
88-11-257
Transformer
Screw M6 x 16
Spring washer 6 mm
Washer 6 mm
U-plate
31
32
50
4
4
1
80-90-110
80-90-121
80-11-359
Screw M4 x 8
Spring washer 4 mm
Conductor mark ground cable 1,60
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
51
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Changing the electronic board
Changing the electronic board may only be carried out by
sufficiently qualified personnel or by your service technician.
Before starting any repair or maintenance operation, always switch
the power unit off and disconnect the primary plug.
Do not wear a wrist watch or any electrically conductive jewellery.
To change the electronic board, proceed as described in
section 7.1 (Safety Instructions), 7.3 (Tools to be Used) and 7.4
(Open the Power Unit).
Replacement of the electronic board 80-80-490
‹ Loosen the plugs X1, X2, X3, X4, and SV2.
52
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
‹ Remove the two spacers.
‹
Replace the electronic board. For re-assembly, proceed in reversed sequence.
Replacement of the electronic board 80-80-497
‹ See changing the electronic board 80-80-490. In addition, you must remove the
two spacers.
‹ Replace the electronic board 80-80-497.
Please observe the program version!
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
53
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Main board (80-80-497)
Please observe the program version!
54
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Reconnecting the mains voltage of the welding transformer
The connections are on the welding transformer.
Setting the stud welding unit to various primary voltages
Using a power unit set to an incorrect primary voltage will
damage the power unit.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
55
8 Appendix
8.2 Spare Parts
Transformer board (80-80-491C)
Jumper position on PC-board
Setting the stud welding unit to the correct primary voltage:
Insert jumper (see center of picture) to the corresponding phase
(230 V, 420 V, 460 V or 575 V)
Using a power unit set to an incorrect primary voltage will
damage the power unit.
56
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
8 Appendix
8.3 Electrical Circuit Diagram
8.3
Electrical Circuit Diagram
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
57
8 Appendix
8.4 Environmentally Admissible Disposal
8.4
Environmentally Admissible Disposal
‹ After repair of the power unit, dispose replaced parts in an environmentally
admissible way.
Used materials:
58
-
Steel
-
Nonferrous metals (brass, copper)
-
Plastics
-
Aluminum
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Glossary
Glossary
Arc:
Electrical discharge at its own between two electrodes
under sufficiently high current. Whitish light is emitted.
The arc generates very high temperatures.
Automatic welding head:
Device to weld welding elements
Capacitor:
A component which serves as storage of electrical
charge
Power unit:
Device to provide electrical energy for stud welding
Rectifier:
Electric component transforming alternating current
into direct current
Stud feeder:
Device for the automatic stud feeding of welding elements
Stud welding unit:
Power unit inclusive welding gun
Thyristor:
Electronic component, contactless switch, which will
let the current only pass through if a control pulse is
given to the gate (additional electrode)
Welding element:
A component, like a stud, bolt, pin, which is welded to
the work piece
Welding gun:
Device to weld welding elements
Welding parameters:
Various settings on the gun as well as on the power
unit. For example: duration and strength of current
during welding process, charging voltage, spring force
of the welding gun.
Work piece:
A component, like a sheet, tube, etc. to which the
welding element is fastened
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
59
Regulations and Standards
Regulations and Standards
The regulations and standards are recommendations and don`t purport to be
completely.
Standards, regulations
Description
Stud welding (fundamentals)
DIN EN ISO 13918
Welding - Studs and ceramic ferrules for arc
stud welding
DIN EN ISO 14555
Welding - Arc stud welding of metallic materials
DIN EN 1418
Welding personnel - Approval testing of welding
operators for fusion welding and resistance weld
setters for fully mechanized and automatic
welding of metallic materials
DVS 0901
Stud welding method for metals - General
DVS 0902
Drawn-arc stud welding
DVS 0903
Capacitor-discharge stud welding with tip
ignition
DVS 0904
Instructions for practice - Arc stud welding
DVS 2927
Resistor projection welding and Arc welding of
one-sided thick plastics coated thin metal
sheets
Stud welding (general)
60
DIN EN ISO 4063
Welding and allied processes - Nomenclature of
processes and reference numbers
DIN ISO 857-1
Welding and allied processes - Vocabulary Part 1: Metal welding processes
DIN EN ISO 14175
Welding consumables - Gases and gas
mixtures for fusion welding and allied processes
DIN EN 764-1
Pressure equipment - Part 1: Terminology Pressure, temperature, volume, nominal size
DIN EN ISO 6947
Welds - Working positions - Definitions of
angles of slope and rotation
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Regulations and Standards
Machine safety
2006/95/EC
Electrical equipment designed for use within
certain voltage limits
2004/108/EC
EMC-Guidelines
2006/42/EC
Machine guideline
DIN EN 60204-1
Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of
machines - Part 1: General requirements
DIN EN 60529
Degrees of protection provided by enclosures
(IP code)
DIN EN 60974-1
Arc welding equipment - Part 1:
Welding power sources
DIN EN 60974-10
Arc welding equipment - Part 10:
Electromagnetic compatiblity (EMC)
requirements
Personal safety and accident prevention
DIN EN ISO 20345
Personal protective equipment Safety footwear
DIN EN 12477
Protective gloves for welders
DIN EN 166
Personal eye-protection - Specifications
DIN EN 352-1
Hearing protectors - General requirements Part 1: Ear-Muffs
BGV A1
Accident-prevention regulation „Principles of
prevention“
BGV A3
Accident-prevention regulation „Electrical
equipment and operating material“
BGV A8
Accident-prevention regulation „Health and
safety signs at work“
BGV B11
Safety rules “EMC”
BGV D1
Safety rules - welding, cutting and similar
processes
Please note that in your country additional standards and safety
conditions (especially rules for accident prevention) may differ
from the standards mentioned in this operating manual.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
61
Further Instructions
Further Instructions
Welding elements, abbreviations, materials, standards, mechanical
properties to actual standards
Abbreviations f or
studs (ceramic
ferrules)
Stud types
Stud
w elding
w ith
draw n arc
(DS)
Draw n arc
w elding
w ith
ceramic f errule
(CF)
or shielding gas
(SG)
Threaded stud
Threaded stud
w ith reduced
shaf t
Norm
Mild steel (4.81))
ISO 898-1
see ISO 898-1
1.4301/03
(A2-50)
EN ISO
3506-1
see ISO 3506-1
RD (RF)
Pin
UD (UF)
Pin w ith
internal thread
ID (UF)
Head stud
Short cycle
w elding
w ith
draw n arc
PD (PF)
Mechanical
characteristics
Material
SD (UF)
Threaded stud
w ith flange
PS
Pin
w ith flange
US
Pin w ith internal
thread and
flange
IS
Rm ≥ 400 N/mm2
ISO/TR 15608 ReH ≥ 235 N/mm2
A5 ≥ 15%
Mild steel
(S235J2G3
+ C450)
Rm ≥ 500 - 780 N/mm2
Rp0,2 ≥ 350 N/mm2
A5 ≥ 25%
1.4301/03
(A2-50)
EN 10088-1
Mild steel (4.81))
copper plated
ISO 898-1
see ISO 898-1
1.4301/03
(A2-50)
EN ISO
3506-1
see ISO 3506-1
Further materials on request
1)
weldable
Prestress at installation (tie load) and torque
Threaded stud
M6
M8
M 10
M 12
M 16
Steel (4.81))
µ = 0,18
Rp0,2 = 340 N/mm2
Prestress at
installation
(kN)
4,3
8,0
13,0
19,0
35,0
Torque
(Nm)
6,1
15,0
30,0
53,0
135,0
1.4301/03 (A2-50)
µ = 0,18
Rp0,2 = 210 N/mm2
Prestress at
installation
(kN)
2,7
4,9
7,8
12,0
22,0
Torque
(Nm)
3,8
9,5
19,0
33,0
82,0
AlMg3 (F23)
µ = 0,18
Rp0,2 = 170 N/mm2
Prestress at
installation
(kN)
2,2
4,0
Torque
(Nm)
3,1
7,5
CuZn37 (Ms63)
µ = 0,18
Rp0,2 = 250 N/mm2
Prestress at
installation
(kN)
3,2
6,0
Torque
(Nm)
4,5
11,0
1)
Values correspond with actual standards
weldable
All given values are leads for minimum tensile strength and minimum torque of a weld without permanent deformation
of parts to be joined. Parts to be joined must have sufficient wall thickness. Values apply for cold rolled threaded studs
with standard thread without surface protection and without thread lubrication. Throughout the entire stud length, at
least the stressed cross section must be present. Values apply for indicated yield strengths.
Material combinations
according to the actual standards (select stud material in a way that material of the
same kind is welded).
Base material
Stud material
ISO/TR 15608
Groups
1 and 2.1
a
Steel (S235) 4.81) 16Mo3
b/a
1.4301/03, 1.4401/04, 1.4541,1.4571
EN AW-AlMg3/EN AW-5754
-EN AW-AlMg5/EN AW-5019
Exemplification of w elding suitability
-- non w eldable
a w ell suited for any application, e.g. pow er transmission
b suitable, limitations w ith pow er transmission
ISO/TR 15608
Groups
2.2, 3 to 6
b
ISO/TR 15608
Groups
8 and 10
b
b
a
--
--
--
b
Weldability tests of other material combinations upon request.
62
ISO/TR 15608
Groups
21 and 22
--
1)
weldable
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Guarantee Clauses
Guarantee Clauses
Please refer to the current “General Terms and Conditions” for the guarantee clauses.
We are not liable for malfunctions which are caused by
– normal wear,
– improper use,
– non-observing the operating manual,
– transport damages.
Any guarantee claim will be cancelled if repair operations are carried out by unauthorized
persons.
Warning: Unauthorized interference with the stud welding unit
as well as unauthorized alteration of the stud welding unit are
prohibited and result in complete cancellation of any guarantee
and liability claims against HBS.
Please fill in the serial number:
Serial number automatic welding head: .................................................
Serial number power unit:
.................................................
Serial number welding gun:
.................................................
Serial number stud feeder:
.................................................
Please indicate the serial numbers in case of enquiries or when ordering spare parts.
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
63
Confirmation
Confirmation
Herewith I confirm that I have read and understand the present operating manual
completely.
Date
64
Name
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
________________
___________________________________
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Feedback
Feedback
HBS Bolzenschweiss-Systeme
Sender:
GmbH & Co. KG
__________________________
Felix-Wankel-Strasse 18
__________________________
85221 Dachau / Germany
__________________________
Postfach 13 46
__________________________
85203 Dachau / Germany
__________________________
Product description
__________________________
Serial number
__________________________
My opinion/criticism/complaints/indication of malfunction:
Date and signature ___________________________________________
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
65
Service & Support
Service & Support
66
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Index
Index
A
E
accident prevention ........................ 10, 21
accident prevention regulations ............ 14
accidents ............................................ 22
accompanying documents ....................11
airborne particles ................................. 14
arc ....................................................... 59
arc blow effect ..................................... 35
arrow keys ........................................... 30
articles, combustible ........................... 14
automatic welding head ....................... 59
ear protection ................................. 7, 21
electrical circuit diagram ...................... 57
electrical shock, risk of ....................... 16
electrical voltage ............................. 9, 12
electromagnetic fields ............................ 9
electronic board ................................... 52
entire plug connection, destroying ....... 16
B
bang ....................................... 15, 22, 30
bending device with inserts .................. 33
bending test ........................................ 33
blow-up ................................................ 21
C
capacitor ............................................. 59
care and maintenance ........................... 8
ceramic ferrule/ring .............................. 25
cold formed process ............................ 37
company specific
maintenance instruction ................. 7
company specific work order ................. 7
components of the power unit .............. 18
confirmation ......................................... 64
confirmation, operator sign .................... 7
control cable connector ....................... 16
cooling fan ........................................... 43
corrective actions ................................ 33
cover ................................................... 42
cross-slotted screwdriver ..................... 41
F
fault recognition ................................... 33
feedback ............................................. 65
fire extinguisher ............................. 14, 21
fire risk ................................................ 21
flash ....................................... 15, 22, 30
fluids, ingress of .................................. 40
foreign bodies, ingress of ..................... 40
fume extraction .................................... 21
function ............................................... 18
functional principle ................................. 8
further instructions ............................... 62
fuse rating ........................................... 15
G
general .................................................. 7
general safety instructions ................... 10
glossary .............................................. 59
gloves .................................................... 7
ground cable ........................................ 17
ground clamps ..................................... 17
ground connection ......................... 17, 42
guarantee claims .................... 10, 22, 63
guarantee clauses ............................... 63
guide ..................................................... 8
D
H
defective cables ................................... 27
delivery ........................................... 8, 13
display ................................................ 19
disposal ............................................... 40
disposal, environmentally admissible ... 58
distance device .................................... 30
drawn-arc stud welding, variations ....... 24
DVS regulations .................................. 30
headgear, protective ............................. 21
heat built-up ........................................ 14
high-strength welds ............................. 27
hollow parts, welding on ...................... 21
I
intended use
........................................ 10
K
keyboard
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
............................................. 19
67
Index
liability, any ............................ 10, 22, 63
liquid spatters ...................................... 30
liquids, combustible ............................. 14
locked ................................................. 19
lot ........................................................ 37
protective apron ................................... 21
protective equipment ...................... 15, 22
protective equipment, personal .............. 7
protective gloves .................................. 21
protective goggles .................................. 7
punched plates .................................... 27
punched plates, welding to .................. 27
M
R
magnetic fields .............................. 14, 22
mains switch ....................................... 29
maintenance ................................... 7, 41
maintenance instruction ........................ 7
maintenance instruction
for your company ........................... 7
malfunction ............................................ 7
malfunctions and corrective actions ..... 36
markings ............................................. 12
material combinations ................... 28, 62
material of the welding element ........... 27
material of the work piece .................... 27
material separation,
environmentally correct ................. 40
metal spatters ..................................... 21
ready for welding ................................. 19
rectifier .......................................... 18, 59
recycling ............................................. 58
regulations ........................................... 60
regulations and standards ................... 60
repair ................................................... 58
requirements of workplace ................... 14
risk of material damage ......................... 9
room adequately ventilated ............ 14, 21
rooms exposed to risk of explosion ..... 14
L
N
non-combustible clothes
...................... 21
O
operating manual ............................ 7, 13
operating manual, storage of ................. 7
operation, improper .............................. 30
operators ............................................... 7
order number ................................. 13, 44
ordering spare parts ............................. 63
P
pace maker .............................. 9, 15, 22
personal injury ....................................... 9
personnel, properly instructed, qualified ... 7
personnel, qualified ................................ 7
pipes, welding to ................................. 27
place of operation ................................ 10
power unit ......................................18, 59
prestress at installation .................28, 62
primary power supply .......................... 15
production ............................................. 7
program version ...................... 46, 53, 54
68
S
safety goggles ..................................... 21
safety instructions .................... 7, 20, 41
safety symbols ...................................... 9
serial number ...................................... 63
service ................................................... 7
service & support ................................. 66
service technician .................................. 7
set-up .................................................... 7
shoes .................................................... 7
solid-state-relais .................................. 18
spare part list ...................................... 44
spare parts, ordering of .................. 44, 63
special welding elements ..................... 39
stand-by display .................................. 19
standards ............................................ 60
standards, actual ........................... 10, 30
starting-up ...................................... 8, 14
stud feeder .......................................... 59
stud welding, functional principle ......... 23
stud welding procedure ........................ 20
stud welding process ............................. 8
stud welding unit ................................. 59
surface of welding element .................. 33
surface, work piece ............................. 33
switching off, temporary ....................... 40
switching off the power unit ............. 8, 40
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
Index
T
technical data ................................. 8, 43
test welding ......................................... 27
threat to life ........................................... 8
thyristor ............................................... 59
torque ............................................ 28, 62
training according to current standards .... 7
transformer .......................................... 18
transformer board ................................ 56
transportation ........................................ 7
transportation, packaging, storage ........11
type plate ...................................... 12, 15
U
unauthorized use ................................... 7
user qualification, required ..................... 7
V
vapors, toxic ........................................ 14
visual inspection .................................. 32
W
weld, checking the quality of the .......... 31
welding elements ............. 10, 28, 37, 59
welding elements, lot of ....................... 28
welding gun ................................... 10, 59
welding gun cables .............................. 16
welding gun support (distance device) .. 30
welding parameters ....................... 30, 59
welding parameters, determination ...... 27
welding preparation .............................. 27
welding procedure ................................ 30
welding process .................................... 8
welding spatters .................................. 30
work piece ........................................... 59
working place, change of ..................... 17
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
69
70
ARC 500 Order No. BA 93-16-0401A Issue 01.03.08
HBS Bolzenschweiss-Systeme GmbH & Co. KG • Felix-Wankel-Strasse 18 • 85221 Dachau / Germany
Phone +49 (0) 8131 511-0 • Fax +49 (0) 8131 511-100 • E-mail post@hbs-info.com
www.hbs-info.com
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