Mamiya Sekor 1000 DTL Series Owners Operating Manual

Mamiya Sekor 1000 DTL Series Owners Operating Manual
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mamiya/~ekor
lOOODTL Series I
,
.,
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Description
of Reference
Points ..
3
Section
1. Specifications.
5
Section
2. Insert the Silver Oxide Battery
7
Sectioll
3.
Film Loading
Section
4.
Setting the Film Speed
11
Section
5.
SelectinG
tile 'Shutter
12
Section
6.
Foclising
and Viewing
Section
7. Sottirlg the Exposure
14
Section
8.
Depth of Field
17
Section
9.
The Automatic
Section
1O.
Section
11.
8
Speed.
Lens
13
19
Changing tile Lenses
20
Holding the C~mera
21
Section 12.
Self Timer.
22
Section
13.
Flash Photography
22
Section
14.
Rewinding the Film
23
Section 15.
Helpful Hints
24
S8ction
16.
Troubleshooting
Section
17.
Meter Cut Off Points
Your Camera
25
27
2
<
Description of Reference Points for the momiya/sekor
1
Seli-Timer
2.
Self-Timflr Cocking Lever
Activating
Button
3. N(}ck Strap Eyelet
4 Automatic Reset Exposure Coullter
5.
Meter'
6.
Shutter Release Button with Thread·
Off'
Locking Buttoll
ed CJble RcdeaseReceptacle
7.
Single
Stroke
Rapid Film Advance
Lever
8.
Shutter
Specd
Dial
and
ASA/OIN
Window
9
Film Plane Reference Point
10.
Penta·Prism Housing
11.
FP & X Flash Tflrminals
12.
Rewind Knob with Rewind Cr~nk
13.
Film Compartment Door Slide
14
Focusing I~ing
15.
Depth of Field Scale
16
Aperture Rillg
17.
Spot/Average Meter System Selector
S'Nitch
3
----_
.. _-------------
I 1000 DTL Camera
18.
Film Chamber
19.
Battery Compartment
20.
Tripod Socket
2l
flutomatic/Manual
22.
Viewfinder Eyepiece
Cover
Selector Lever
23.
Rewind Release Button
24,
Film Advance Sprockets
25.
Film Tak,)-Up Spool
26.
Film Pressure
27.
Hinged Film Compartmenl
28.
Film Cartridge Pressure Plate
l
C!]}
Plate
Door
1
SPECIFICATIONS:
CAMERA
TYPE
35111m
mamiya/sekor 1000
Single
Lens
systems-olle
FILP;1 SIZE Ar~D CAPACITY
STANDARD
LENSES
35mm
fur
tilm
Reilex
spot
[perforated)
55mm filA
'.',itil
re2,dings,
tWD
separate
one for
DTL Camera
behind-tile-Iells
a'ieraging
type
meterillf;
readings
in 20 or 36 <?x;;csuro standard
cartridges.
manliyo/sekor.
7 elements in 5 groups.
Angle of acceptance'
mamiya/<;ekor_
6 olGrncnts in 4 groups.
f',nglo of acceptance.
43 degrees_
55mm fll.S
!jJ rJegrees
I_ENS MOUNT.
Praktica-mamiyo/sekor,
I_ENS A.CCESSORY SIZE
55mm fil.4 Lells
Accepts
55mm tll(eaded
filters
alld otllet
lells accessories,
55rrirTi f/l.g
UlrIS
Accepts
52mm Hlu"aded
filters
and other
lens accessories,
Fucal
type
SHUTTER.
EXPOSURE
CONTROL
plane
time
8xposures.
Two
separ"te
back
of the
of
mounts
rnea~urp-
light
filters
posure
5
SENSITIVITY,
Patent
body
with
of
other
"llows
CdS
on0-
and
lo
automatic
ad\i~nce
lever
thrOlJgh
DIN
SpotjA'/Hage
15
L,
with
s'Nitches
Metering
r,on·automatic
leres attachments_
on each
speed'"
System.
dnd
diOl-
Praktica'lllumiya/sekor
metering
Sj'stern
systems
lenses,
Spot/A".,r3ging
,hi
Metering
side
system 1_
iaveraging
on ~Ild
also aCClJrately
bellows.
extensiore
seiector
the spo: or cl',-'erdging sy~tHn
lJse or either
jOr
on the
po~itioned
located
c~rnerd shutter
lenses
lenses
cell
cell
hOlJsing
calclJl~tion.
on mamiya/sekor
mder
olle
penta-prism
automatic
'B'
2nd
self-timer_
systeml,
in the
all
transmitted
and
AS/>, 25 to 3200
pending
delay
are cross-eollpled
of
Film
diaphragm
on camerd
NOTE.
systems
~ctLJates
tlJbe~,
Ispot
eyepiece,
mechanism
universal
mirror
1 to 1/1000 of a second
from
variable
m(>tering systems
thl'! viewfinder
phragm
speeds
Built·in
reflex
Both !Tl8l8ring
FILM
witll
42nlln lIni'Jersal threaded mOllnt
switch
or
ex-
f
With
Spot and Average
t
Metering
System
VIEWFINDER
Penta·Prism type with micro diaprism center spot on Fresnel lens for rapid
iocusing.
Brackets visible in finder indicate location of spot meter reading
area (6% of riGldl
Poi ntH and'S'
and "A ,. symbols vi~ible in finder
indicate whether the spot or the averaging metering system is being used.
Exposure needle and reference points indicate necessary exposure adjust·
ments.
FLASH SYNCHRONIZATION:
With
With
','lith
With
Focal Plane bulbs
Class" M" bulbs:
Class" F" bulbs
Electronic fla5h
1 to 1/1000 s~cond.
1 to 1/30 second.
1 to 1/30 se'cond
1 to ]/60 second.
The mamiyo/sekor
1000 DTL has two 5eparate sets of flash contacts,
marked . FP" and" X'
Proper selection of terminals allow corre~t synchro·
nization for all types of flash exposures.
REFLEX MIRROR:
Instant
FILM ADVANCE
Ratcllet type film advance lever transports film, cocks shutter and advances
exposure counter in a 5ingle stroke (160°1 or by a nurnbsr of shorter
strokes.
EXPOSURE COUNTER
Progressive type, from" S" (start) to 36. Counter automatic311y resets to
"S;' when film comp2Jrtment door is opened
DIMENSIONS
Width'
Height
Thickness
5.8 nches 1148 mml
3.7 nclles ( 95 mml
2
nches ( 51 mm) without
Body onl,"
1 lb. 9·1/2
\VEIGHT:
Return Type.
lens,
ounces 1725 grams 1
6
2
INSERT THE SILVER OXIDE BATTERY:
The Silver Oxide battery
designed
5ekor
to operate
1000
supplied 'i/ith the camera is especially
the two metering
OTL camera
beluw C<ln be used.
Install
systems
No substitutes.
of the momiya/
other than those listed
as follo\',5
TO OPEN THE BJI,TTERY COMPARTMENT,
place the tip of your
thumb or forefinger on the knurled surf~ce or the compartment
figure
Ai
cover [19),
and lwisi
been disengaged.
the
operatiorl,
counlerclocbvise
until
If the C()\ier is too tight,
but
rermwe
the
coin after
complete the remO'Jar of the CDver using
i111threeds have
Lise Ol coin to
a quarter
only your
start
turn and
thumb
or
forefinger
l
J
8
Insert
the
battery
negati'ie
R"'place cover ci.lrefully
pp.rly engaeecJ
Again
timp. using a clodwise
(-)
side clown [refer te, Figure AI.
making sure that the threacis
use only
twist
your thumb
are pro
or forefinger,
until the cover is tight.
tllis
DO NOT
tight.en cover with a coin.
Thp. battery
will I~st for approximately
usP..To replace, USGthe following
S-76E
7
a 'y'8M,
depenciing upon
Silver Oxide battery.
Eveready
3
CAUTION!
When the camera is not in
USfl,
or wilen
ch1lnging
lenses, always i.OCK the meV3r in the OFF
position.
To do tilis, depress the button (5) on top
of the film ild'i2lnce lever
This Cill)SeS the film ad..
vance lever to retract inward toward the camera body
and preve,nts accirllmtal switching"
If the meter is "on"
matic
0.11"
of the meter.
during the changing of an auto·
lens, serious damage may result.
A,so, when
the carne'ra is in its Eveready C2SE!,,he meter sllOuld
be lock,ed "off"
to prevellt
battery,
Tt't<lmeter"
matically
pops up again
FILM LOADING
accidel1tai dra;n
OFF LOCKING BUTTON"
DO NOT LOAf) IN BRIGHT LIGHT.
Open
of
film computment
camera
pulling
door
!27)
ire fer to Figure B) by
upward
011
the slide lock
!13).
on the
euto-
into the unlockflt"l position
. when the film advance lever ,is puil.,rJ iJwa'y from thecamera body.
8
Figure E
Pull up the rewirrd krrob 112) as
in Figure C,
into
return
film
Place film cartridge
chamber
rewind knob
position_
\0
[18),
and
its former
Draw out
the film
to Figure OJ
leader (refer
and insert the enrJ
of the film into one of U19 slots
on the
take-up
spool
(25),
If
no slot is in the correct positi:)n
lor
insertion
of
the
film,
the
lake-up spool may be rotated by
hand until the slot i~accessible,
9
NOTE
The
under the
iilm
must
pass
tak8-Up spool wtlen
advanced [refer to Figure
E:
ReIer now to the exposure counter
14:,v'iindQw
should appear opposite the triangular
counter window,
Depress the shutter
take
the slack
release button f6i
',;hen the film
Repeat tllis
Advance the
advance
film
with
the
lever Irefer to Figur2 FJ
while noting (he reverse
of
film
the take-up spool.
rotation
Make slI'e
that the sprockets are engaged as
the
rilrn PElSSC';ovc;r tl18m, and
lhEll one complete
wind of
is around the take up spool.
film
compartmE'llt
sure that
door,
triangular
NOTE
the fill"'fl_
is 3IJtomaticaily <":o[ked
advance lever is moved to
actiot1 until
index mark
th~ fiGure
'1
in the ,'xposure
Cal"'flNa IS IlOWready for h~irlg
Iy mtate
out of
and 2dvance the film
the film advance le'ver 3S far as it will go ill
the direction of the arr0\N. The "hutter
Figure F
S
Next, Gentry turn rewind knob in the direction
of the arrow just erlOugll to
again by rotating
The letter"
index mark in the exc>o5ure
the first
its farthest
point.
llPP(~<HS
opposit8 Ihe
<":Olln\8r window
The
picture
As the film is ad'van~e.j. the rewind kncb will periodical·
in a backward direction
IS being transported
correctly
This ;rldi(;ates that
the film
in the camera
film
Close
rn'lking
it is locked,
10
4
SETTING THE FILM SPEED:
Lift the outer rinG of Hw sl,utLer speed cJiJI {81 {refcr to Figure
Gj, dna rotate it in either direction
until the ASA number of the
film you are using appears opposite the reference line between
the leller
using
"S"
film
and the ASP.,window (refer to Figure
Wllich
opposite the lin", wilieh is locclled oel'.veen the
and"
60" for the shutter
H the ASA setting
located
be\weerl
ASP.,
25 .
3;'
DIN
11
15 .
16
is
100
nl.Jlncr~ls "30
You will note thr,t
speed
and the DIN selting
in Fif,ure
i;; 21
Dots
film speeds.
H
• 50 64
•
100 .
80
'0
. 18
"
V,hen
ASA and DIN numbers Uri the fitrn speed dial
represent the following
~'re
HI
is rOlled by DIN speeds, ~et th", DIN number
.
. 200 .
. 400 .
• 800
1600
3200
500 550
~OOO 1250
2000 2500
2"0 320
125
160
"
23
24
21
"
77
27
2"
26
30
77
)<)
33
"
32
:14
,5
36
S
SELECTING THE SHUTTER SPEED:
The 12 numbers 011 the outer face of the shutter speed dial
are speed sE'ttings, and represent fractions of a second. For
example. ['efer to Figure I), the number 125 on lhe tii,,1 (opposite
the engraved reference mark) rep,·esenls 1/125 of a second.
Hence, the higller the Ilumber the f~ster the shutter travels
during an exposure.
When hand holding the camera tor taking 8 picture, always USA
a shutter speed of 1/60 or faster if possible (see instructions
for using the exposure meter). For speeds slower lhar) 1/60
secund, the u~e of a tripod or other ~IJPpnrt is recolllillellded.
WiHI the shutter speed dial ofo'tat "B ,. the shutter Ivill remaill
open as long as the release button is depressed When I he
button is released, the shutter closes. For expOSl!res utilizill8"
the" B ,. settillg, the use of OJ cable rel~ase is recommend8d
In the c""se of 10llg exposures, a locking cable release will allow
exposures of any duration. The cable release is attached to the
camera through the threaded receptacle 011 the top of the
shutter release button.
Shutt"r speeds m<lY be changed before or after til", film h'J~
been advanced and tn8 shutter cocked. The slHltter speed dial
mClY be rotated in either direction when settillg the desir8d
speed. Howev8r, as illdicated by Figure J. tho dial Cililnot be
rotated past the 1000 positioll or the B position
I~OTE Whell s;olecling a new shutter speed, ne,'er pull up on
the dial for th8 lilm speed settings (ASA/OIN) will be altered
12
6
FOCUSING AND VIEWING:
The
mumiya/sekor
tint
means
1000
you 'iib'/
OTL
is
suljen
the
d
Singl"
through
Lens
Retiex.
the fJking
This
lens.
Since
is tr<lllsmilL·e;d to tilio 8Y" c<, io til," film pmallax
i,; climilliltcr!
Tk
sLlbj(;ct is rcgistucci
011 ,11" lilnl eXactly ,I';
it is se0n :;y thE; photograpile'
the :;arne im~g(;
Focusing
the
(ReiAr
micro
small
to Figure
diaprism
rOLllld area
in the
the Jirrer-ence betvieen
By rotating
diaprism
with
irregular
glass
any
a'e2
case
pears
oClposite
infra
the
lens
\';ill
Illey
film.
index
lhi~
film
For
hillsides.
the
entire
be utilized
it·.vill
is
infr,l-rcd
when
li81,t
ior
wl-lieh
EP-
film.
Then
appe2rs
R0l~l~
the
small r,~d Illar~,
infra·red
beciw5e
III
image
as 2bo'!e.
on the lens b~rr,,1
fccu,ed
ground
on the
number
the
subjects
iocusing.
the
be shacp
by the
Il(X8S',Jry
of ordinary
for
foc'JS Ul~ image
mark
happens.
lile
Illi,-, r'~'mb(3r is cppe,sitfO the
This
th2t
1...."h"'l1
m2teria!si
first
be eorr,~~tly
-::miv to
ilphind
wooded
finder,
by
is the
finder
eye and
as repreS2med
until
di5tane~,
slighJ!y
red
fooloige
and the
:l41
idra-red
in the
distance
at lha;:
sensitive
like
easier
This
and'
Ji~"ppe"r,
the
maie
','iewfinder
','ihd", exaggHates
Gut of fccus" image.
on the len3 barrel, th~ ;nicro
of the
·"iewlinder
(excfOµt with
focus in;:; ring
13
the
to be shJrp
the
\0
OTL is
in the
in focus'
ring
fe·r both
outlines,
of
\t"-hen using
note
center
m~de
1000
grid
the"
(tIe focusing
ca,-, be
is ill focus
image
K) the
focusing
infra
pilotography
red
rilm
is
relYS, _._-thiel'f()~,,~em d pi,,,,,,,
light
r""s
l
J
7
"
SETTING THE EXPOSURE
There are t"vo ways of de,ermining
morniya/sekor
l
1000 DTL
Average syst8rn
will
correct
exposure
with
the
Wh;cther you us," Ule Spot or the
dcpr:mu llpon
tile l::,'pe 01 picture you are
taking.
In either case, before taking the reading, set the Automatic/Manual selactor le'ver (211 on the lens barrel to the letter
"A"
that
so
111'2<'lutornJtic di~phrdgrll
ledure
01 the lens is
acti'.'ated.
"SPOT"
Reading:
The" Spct" method of exposure calculation is especially valuable ,-"hen the most important uea of the picture is either much
light'Cr or Illuch
darkr
thf\n
the
generdl
picture
crea, or In
!all~iscapes, ','ihere sky light wo"ld register a rnuch higher reading
thall trees or buildings 21 ground level. Sud a situation would
caUS2 under exposure if the subject wer~ to b(, measured 'NiU,
" co,wentional,
Fi'gure L
"Spot"
,)v8roging rfldel frorn the C31ller,1 position
madir'g
i:; al:;o uselul
tor
subjecb
under insutticient
IjgtlLirlg 5~ch as indoo, 5hots or night scenes, bec<luse the
posure meter
Jening a'Jerage
T~'~b-;:ain
J
needle reacts laster
ex-
Urlder these cGnditions than
reJding
spot
reading, set tile shutter
3( the speed
at whicll
you 'Nish t() take the photograph
MO\.'fl the Spo\jAverdge
seI"nor
switcll 1171 toward the IRtter ' S' as ler dS it '"ii:1 g0
iR0hr to Figure LL
14
Looking through the viewiinder you will notice that the small pointer at the bottom oi the field is now
on the letter"
S" bptl'.'ef'rl til" rn,,1er ar"~ brilck"ts
These brackE'~s(Jutli",,, Ihe ;,rh' of ~,ensilivity, ~bout
6% of
the total picture you are viewing. Focus the lens so that the subject area is critically sharp.
Then aim the camera so that the bracketed area falls upon tl18 musl important part of the picture you
are about to take (Refer to FigurA M) Make sure that the brackets do not include any part of the picture
that
is either lighter or darker than the sectioil you are reading (Reier to Figure NJ
Correct
Use of
Incorreci
Figure N
15
Use of
Spot t\1eter
Spa I Meter
~
Press the film
advance lever Irefer
to
FiglJre 0) toward tile
camera body as tar as it ,....ill go. INOTE
If
the film
advance
le'"er is in the meter Off·Lod; positioll, move lover ilway from
body until locking button {51 ~naps up,) While pressing the lilm
advance lever toward the camera body as far as it will go, rotate
the aperture ring (16) (located
011
the lens) until tho, needle at
the right of the finder is centered
betwflfln the apell ellds of
the reversed letter" C" (refer to Figure PI ThE:expoc;uro is now
set, with the selected area of the picture being correctly exposed
You may nO'N release the
make final composition
pressure on the
advance lever and
changes before tripping
ExrJ'",c
Met~'
" AVERAGE"
When the
Needle
Reading:
scene to
equal illli;ortance,
_,_
(iU~ ,
"
.,
"
~
I-A~,
I.
" A.
, ,,'''_'',
-(O,,~C'
W
is made up of areas of
r()sult in tile
reversed
I,d ,cclOi
in the lower section of tite> V'icwfilldel' now
the
Spot
Meter
br?r.kelfHi
as above, by roldting
film
advance lever.
reading, the picture
red b, Sp(')1 "1"1
E'Jnp"
"C'
pressing the
M~c'u
i".,.00",,,oJ
The rointer
moves outside
area to
the
leiter
"A ", indicating that the whole picture is being m221S11red
by the
meter, Feclis on the subj,,[~t area C~nter the rlgedle en the
EXfo""e
,,~·e'01
be photographed
an ovsrall. J'Ierr'gG re,,,Jing ,....ill
oest picture, To accomplish til is, set the d0Sired shutter speed.
and push the Spot/twerage selector switch toward the letter
'
Spol;A'"JGSc
..
Figure r
~
Figure a
the shutter.
'"
should
the
aperturf!
Whl"n taking
all
ring
while
'A'verngr:"
be composl"d bp.fore the exposur~
is adjusted
'6
Exposure
Setting
When Using
Non-Automatic
lenses
and Close-Up
Accessories:
When usillg pre·set lense~, non automatic exterls'on tube~, bellow';, miuw;r:orws, r:r otnsr closeup acces·
sories, the lens diaphragnl must be manuelly operated until the cocred expo~ure oettifl15 is determined.
The 1000 OTL meter requires rio ~peci,,1 calculations 6.. cJI'lPen<o.ationste re2d correctly thrOUGh extell
sion tubes, bellmv~ or oJ,her ~ttachmeflt5,
Tile meter reading must be obtained after final focus. since
exposure is influenceli by di~l"ncc bctv..'een tile len", and the lilm
Activi"ting the nwter and ",ettine
the 8xposure is accomplished as refsrencea abO'.'e
NOTE: You may reverse the above ;;rocedur~ il yuu ',",-ishtv teke d rJictur~ ill d pwticul~' dperLure 101
Clny re~son
III this case, in"teMI of choosing th~ shutter speed first, select the lens opelling desired
beiore taking the rearling
Then, center the "iOel!l~ in ltl(,' reversecJ "C'
by r'-Heling til", shutter spee>d
dial.
8
DEPTH OF FIELD:
V-ihen a cam8r" lens is focused to' £ive a sharp illlage
behind, as well as sonle objects ;Iightly
of a particula(
subject,
some uC1jects sli£htly
2head of the subject focused on '.'iiil appeal to be shar'p
distance betwe~11the nean,st and iortilest
objects
The
vihich are ill fOClI". is called Depth of Field
Deptil of Field changes eacll time tile fecusing distance changes, becominG greater as the lens is focused
on points
fa,'ther
Other filctors
from
ttle C3mera p8sitiol1. while ci2cre;'"il,g as
the point of foclis becomes clese'.
influencil1g depth of field are the focal length of the lens and the diaphragm opel1ing at
whiCh the ricture
is taken.
Th" ~hnrte.r the foe;;1 I"ngfh ~nd/0r the smaller tllP I"ns rliarhragm openil1g.
the greater the clerJtll 01 field fOI' ~ny gi'1("n locusing Jist"rrce, ilnd 'vice
17
verS2
Proper use of depth of field c~n enable the photographer to utilize the prirrciples of "selective focus,"
which otten mean, the difference between ordinary snapshots and pictures of quality. For example,
the proper selection 01 a "sharp"
zone of focus can eliminate an un'Nanted object in the background.
The same could be true for foreground objects
When you wish to view the depth of field before taking a picture '",ith th~ 1000 DTL, set the lens dia"
phragm on 'automatic'
Focus with the micro diaprism as explained befol'e, Then press the film
adv3nce lever as il taking a meter reading
This causes the lens diJphragm to close Ie, g stopped down),
II you have already t~ken the meter reading, the lens i5 now at the diaphragm openine at which the
picture will be taken
The depth of field no'!,: appears in the finder exactly as it will be in the finished picture. By changing
tile focus while the lellS diaphragm is stopped down, you call select the area of sharpness ill your picture.
When using non·automatic or pre-set lenses, the diaphragm must be closed Inallually, but the same
result-; can be achieved.
You may also determine de,cth of field by checking the scale {l51 on the lens barrel IRefer to Figure OJ.
Numhers representinG lells apertures iJPpe~,·Cit the near and far limits of depth for any given focus
distance and lens opening.
·For example, if the standard lens is focused at 30 ft., one of the
lines representing till
appears at the 15 It. mark, The other
lin!'! {again representing f/IIJ
is at the infinity symbol. I,Vhatthis
meafl~ is Lh~l if a picture is taken with the lens focused at
30 ft., and (r.e di2phragm is set at 1/1 1, all objects ill the picture
between 15 ft. and infinity will be in focus. This method is
extremely valuable when the lens diaphraelll is stopped dOWel
too far tu aliow enough light for the picture to be viewed through
the viewfinder and depth of field set vislJ;,lly
9
THE AUTOMATIC LENS
The sLanriMd lens on the momiya/sekor
1000 DTL is ec,uipped
.'iith a tully
automatic
diaphragnl
This meilrlS that you may
view a scene Ivilh :;11li!',h! passing through <'lwide OP811lens,
but actu311y take the picture through a stopped <irWln aperture
as itldicilted
in crder
by th~ "'lOter.
for the automatic
featur",s of the lens to operate. set
the Automatic/Manual
selector lever {21i on the lens barrAl on
"A'
!Reier to Figu"f' RI YellJ I'.'ill notieR tllat after takillg
a
meter
readinB in the normal mallllPr, releasing Ow prossure on
the film advance le',·er causes the lells diaphragm to open up to
its 'Nides! aperture.
However when rou pr"5s th~ shutt",r r(CiBilse
bl!tton to t3ke a picture, the lens automatically
stops dow'l) Clgairl
to the ap~rture indiccted by the meter, The diaphragm remains
stopped
be mlfie,
Figure R
down only for til2 installt
it takes for the exposure to
Jnd r"'opens itself immediately,
so tllat
tile
eye has
almost llO scnsali:)n of t'iJving broron'blClckfOoout,"
The automatic
feature of your lens does not work when used on
non-automatic
bellows or on pxtensinn tubes
In order to
read
tile rneter if! this case, proceed 8S explained ill the earlier sec·
tion on S'~tting the Exposure
19
1
10
CHANGING THE LENSES:
CAUTION!
PLEASE
ATTEMPTING
To
remove
the
meter
sellxtor
READ THIS
TO REMOVE
an automatic
'OFF"
SECTION
OR INSTALL
CAREFULLY
lens from your camera, first
locking
button.
Set
the
le'''er on the lens to " A ". ,Support the camera IRefer to
upward.
To mount
barrel
a lens on the camera,
counterclockwise
the in"ter is in the"
completely,
matler.
until all
reverse Hie above procedure,
turning the lens barrel clockwise until it stops.
arB properly
ing a IAns
lens pro-
With a firm grip on tile carnera body. use the
riel1t lland to turll the lens
threads
hav~ been disengaged.
Figure S
depres5
Automatic/Marrual
Figur", S) body in the palm of the left hand with tile
jecting
BEFORE
A LENS.
Always be sure
OFF" locking position, and that the threads
engaged
No resistance should be felt when mountIf excessive pressure is necessary. remove the lens
ilnd
inspect
the threads
for
dirt
or other- foreign
If slight resj~tOlnce is met when removing a lens. grasp the lens
bmrel as close to
cidental damage.
th", camera
Do not tOllch thA reflex mirror
particl€s
brush.
may
body OlSpossibl", to avoid ac·
<trier remuving
be remDved with
the
lens.
Dust
a blower or a soft camel hair
20
11
HOLDING THE CAMERA:
SUpport the camera (Refer to Figure T) on the palm of the left
hand with the thumb and forefingAr CLJrl?r!lightly but securely
"round the bottom and sides 01 the focusil1t; rille.
PlacA
the palm of the right hand against the end of the cwncra
budy.
The right forefinger
automatically
rests near the release
button, and the thumb is 011the film advance lever, Bring the
camer~ up to eye level, and rest it ag~inst the forehead with
the viewillE eye close "nough
plete
subject
camera
area.
to the viewfinder
The forehead
Tile left elbow should
to see tho COIll-
is now helping 10 steady thO'
be held as close to the body as
possible.
You may compose the
and the viewfinder
picture
either.'ertically
shows the exact format
a genera: rule, the camera should
slower than
Figure T
portant
of a second.
using
lenses
of
01' horizontally
the
picture.
As
not be held at shutter speeds
This
becomes
longer tllan
particularly
im·
normal focal length
where it may be necessary to use ever> faster speeds to eli
minate hand movement.
At speeds si'ower than 1/60, use a
tripod
The
or other support
release
picture.
21
1/60
when
of
button
to eliminate
should
camera
be gently
Never use a plunging
movement.
squeezed
or pushing
motion.
when taking
a
12
SELF TIMER:
The seli timer (2) provides a method or taking delayed action
pictures, thus allowing a photographer to be in his own pictur8S.
Wilen HIE' self limer lever is rotated clockwise (refer to Figure U).
it full tra'vel of approximately 180 degrees, a dRlay of ten seconds
is pr0\/ided b(',on" tho ~hutt",r posit'ion is released.
Shorter
inter'ials
may be accomplished
by rot"ting
the lever lor shorter
di5tanr.es
anywilere bdween
90 and 180 degrees
The s,,11 timer activating
bUlton (1) is iocated behind the lever, and is visible only when the
timer
is set for use.
Since the self timer operates independently of the shutter release
buttOIl, thA ClmElra may be operated in the usual way, ",','ith the
release button, even when the self timer hi']; been set
NOTE
If the self timer lever is not rotated to at lea5t 90 degrees,
timer will Ilot function propp-rly
13
FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY:
The flash terminais, marked FP and X ,:111 (Refer to Figure VI
a!lo'.'.'s for a choice ~lf fl2Stl synchronizatiDns
The ",election of a
terminal depends upon tile type of Ilasll lIssd, as well as shutter
speed The tollowing table shows the correct combin2tions to be
used in 1i~I-ious flash situclliorb.
These combincltiOrlS must be
rigidly followed to insure correct synchronizatioll.
22
Flash Synchronization Chart
Shaded are"s indicate the shutter
spe8ds at which listed bulbs are to
be user!, with the cord attach~d 8L
the indicdlC'd correct terminal posi·
tion
FLASH
TERMINAL
I
SHUTTER
1 I- ~OO
1,1 25010112560
",Ie'
1000
FP
SPEEDS
fl /51- H-~~i=r
1
3
1
FP ¢Ias'j _.:.
...~ __
M Class
EJ';ct~';~,T~""Ffil.':>h
~.".;",-
M Class
X
FP Chs~·r;
14
Class
,
REWINDING THE FILM:
When you have finished taking all the pictures ill a cartridge, eitiler
20 or 35, you must rewind the tilm
back into the cartridge.
To do this, push ill tile rewind release button 1231 located on the bottom ot the CHrI1era body. IButton
will remain inset without pressure until film ad'/e.nce lever is 2dvanced a complete stroke.) V/ind the
rewind crallk (12) in the direction of the arrow until you feel the tension ill the film lessen. This indicates the.t HIP film has left the take-up spool. If for any reCison YOLI
not sure that the film has
been totally rewourld back into the cartridge, continue to hold tension on the r€'vvind crank and Cit
H10 same tim2 ~dvance the film advance lever a full stroke,
Trip Hie sfllJttp.r ,)nd advance again. Repeat
this at least 3 times, If you do llOt feel a tc:nsion or pulling on the reviind crank wl,en advallcing the
film advance lever, film has been completely rewound, Open the bJck of the call1e,'a anrl remove the
"m"
cartridge.
AVOID
23
DIRECT
LIGHT
WHEN
UNLOADING
THE CAMERA.
15
HELPFUL HINTS:
STORAGE
When
This
the
camera
is not
relieves
tension
store
ill areas
Never
Protect
against
expose
Hie
Avoid
aredS wt""rc
be used, for
spring,
where
carn'JrH
an extended
Lock
temperatures
rlloisture
CXCbS
Never
to
on the
to
exposure
the
100
exceed
by Llsing
lengtll
exposure
siliccl
gel
direct
sunlight
for
to salt
".'ater
or salt
or time,
meter"
exterlded
air
Remove
F_ or go belew
degrees
or oUler
With the Shutter
store
Off,
the
Uncocked_
battery
freezing
132 degrees
Fl,
uesicc<lilt.
periuds
of time.
occur5,
CARE AND CLEANING
Always
a blower
lise
lo~ding
film
into
or cdnwl
Clean
lens
wilh
notice
that
it nRRds it
Npver
rub
lens
tlair
brush
to
clear
film
chamber
and
area
arolJnd
takR-lJp
spool
before
camera
lens
tissue
and
Avoid
'..,ith tissue
regular
rubbing
alone
the
Always
lens cleaning
liquid
5L1rface of
UII,' lens
use
a
lens cleaning
orlly,
Do not
if there
liquid
clearl
is any
lells
laose
NC'~'H touch
at
all unless
grit
or
dirt
the
lens
with
kind
that
cannot
you
present
your
b<Jre fingers
Never
rub
rel110ved
abl,",
l)irt
the
surface
by blower
on lhe
of the
or camel
mirror
can
reflex
hair
Ila've
rnirror.
bruSh,
leal/e
no ejj"ct
If there
them
on tile
~re
foreign
alone
until
particles
a i~('.tory
of
allY
approvRd
S8(vic<?man
be
is avail-
pioture.
24
16
TROUBLESHOOTING YOUR CAMERA:
The proper operation of
strict
atterltion
malfunction
fl
precision instruillent
to the correct
simply
rnanipulJtion
like th8 mamiya/sekor
01 controls
1000 DTL camera reql1ires
In many cases, the camera may appear to
because some small detail was overlooked.
or not operated in the proper sequence.
Before you decide the camera is broken, there are some things you can look for if you should experience
allY type of camera hilure.
A few of tile problems and their probable causes are listed below.
Problem:
NOT ENOUGH LIGHT IN VIEWFINDER
Possible cause:
Diaphragm
closed.
Lells Automatic/Manual'
Correct this by Illo'/ing lever to "A'
selector
Problem.
EXPOSURE METER NEEDLE Will
Possible cause
ImIJrOf.!~rshutter speed for film and light conditions_
needle moves.
to see that terminals
Problem
NOT MOVE TO TAKE READING_
Or, be sure there is
of battery (silver oxidfli
lever set on "M" instead of "A"
setting_
il
Try cllanf,ing shutter speeds until
battery in the ~amera.
U~e only specified type
Or silv"r oxirie b<lltHY may ha've been inserted wrong.
are ill the p()sitions inriicJled
Check
in the instructions.
FIUl,1 COMPLETEI.,Y BLANK WHEN PROCESSED, INDICATING
NO EXPOSURE HAS BEEN
MADE.
Possible cause.
Improper loading
Review the sectiorl
Ofl
film IOilc!ing dnc! b,~sure you are loading the
camera correctly, with the film being securely attached fo' the take-up ~0ool
illg in the CORRECT DIRECTION, that is, UNDEI? the take-up spo()1
gone through came,'a
25
at all
dlld
willd·
Film may not h2ve
Prcblem
SELF TIMER DOES NOT OPER,';TE SHUTTER.
Possible caus;;'
Timer not rot2ted
full 90 degrees.
Timer must be rolMed
to some point belween 90
and 180 ciegrees.
FLASH PICTURES
Problern
Possible uluse
EITHER BLANK OR ONLY PARTl.A.LLYEXPOSED
Improper shutter
sp;;ed for the type of bulb usej,
Or improper cord recepl;)ck
Syncllronization
IIsed for the type 01 bulh or shuttAr SPflAd
LENS VERY HARD TO REMOVE
Problem
ChAd
Fla51l
t8bles UlrAfully
FF;OM C"MERA
STOP IMMEDIA TEL Y t
Pre"~lIre 0;1 Film Aelv2nce Iwoer causing automatic
0g,linst pi,l on back ot lells
to be 5ur"
that the nleter i~ turned"
OFF,"
Problem
SHUTTER WILL I\lOT RELEASE
Possible cause'
Film Adv~,lCA If"Jflr not advanced f2.f enoug~,.
the shutter
However
you t() a~cornplish
If any pr()blem listeel above callnot
ccmera
il
actuating
plate to press
TO l.ENS
Chec~
DO NOT USE FORCE
A full
stroh,
is ne,:e~5,lr'i
fa.
cocking
in~~,(porated ,vithin the adv'ance mechanism will allo'.'l
'.'lind in J series Gf short strokes
be solved ill ihe mann2r suggested, do !l0!. attempt
T,~~? it, 8r SAnd it. insteilrJ, to
be agGravail'd
3 .atcilet
lull
diapbragm
THIS C,A,N C"USE SERIOUS DAMAGE
you:, nellre"t
service station.
to
repair
your
/...minor problell', could pO'is,bl,!
by" l<Jmpcring
·26
17
The
METER
mamiya/sekor
meterinG
1000
syslerYl
5pe'''(1 and
ASA
DTL
21 ",crying
points
di~conn"ct8d
2nd
symbol
to
Ireier
CUT
Figure
incorporates
ASA/shutter
is reaclv,d,
in turn
','II
OFF POINTS:
the
both
needl,,,
ChBngir~g
automatic
s[Jeed
metering
illlnle~riately
the shutter
diS8ngager-:1ent
settings.
systems
move"
speed
When
{spot
or
cut
a certain
system
upward
the
will
systenl,
IF
___
"1
-----"L~J~
I
figure
W
points
and averaging
"hove
01 {,SA setting
ofi
combination
pillS
re-er;gage
ior
the
of shutier
system)
t+1
are
referAnr.R
Ih .. rr,pterirlg
I
I
I
I
I
./
~
I
I
~
_
t
28
i
SpptiP.",",e
Melet
System Selector 5'tJitcll
J
S,lver Oxkle BJlkrv
l
"II
j
I
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