PDR-2000 10 8 03.pmd

PDR-2000 10 8 03.pmd
PDR-2000
DIGITAL TELEPROTECTION TERMINAL
MAJOR FEATURES
• All Pilot Schemes
• 8 Relay inputs
• 2 Digital Communication Ports
• On board or Remote Programming
• Sequence of events recording
• RS-422, G.703, or Fiber Optic
Communication
• Unit ID
• Packet Forwarding
• Mean Trip Time < 4msec
• 16-Bit Error Detection
• Password Protection
• 12 YEAR WARRANTY
DESCRIPTION
The PDR-2000 is an eight channel digital protective relaying terminal used for high speed tripping in
protective schemes for electric power transmission and generation. The PDR-2000 communicates
using either a serial digital communications link or a fiber optic connection.
The PDR-2000 has two communication ports that allows the unit to simultaneously operate over two
digital communication lines. To increase security, each digital packet includes a Unit identification (ID)
number. Packet Forwarding allows a PDR-2000 to communicate with units that are not directly
connected as in a string or loop configuration. As with all INIVEN products, the PDR-2000 comes with
a 12 Year Warranty.
APPLICATIONS
The PDR-2000 is used for all types of pilot protection schemes that use 56/64 Kbps, G.703 or fiber
optic digital communications.
PROGRAMMABILITY
On-board and remote programming with password protection is standard on each unit. The Keypad
and Display has easy to follow menu driven selections, allowing the user to program all the options and
logic of the unit. A PC may be interfaced with either RS-232 port (remote, DTE and local, DCE), to
program the unit using the PDR-2000 GUI, a Windows® based program.
Figure 1. GUI System Settings Screen
Programmable options include:
• Unit ID number
• Trip Output Logic Schemes
• Trip hold timer
• B Contact keying
• Input Trip debounce timer
• Synchronous clocking inversion
• Ping Test
• Packet Forwarding
• Pre-Trip timer
• Guard before Trip
• Trip latch timer
• Com port activation
• Alarm relay delays
• Two programmable Alarm relays
DISPLAY
The Display module consists of a VFD (vacuum florescent display) and Keypad which serve a variety
of functions on the PDR-2000. This module may be used to program the PDR-2000. The Display
module is also used to initiate Ping tests and manual Trips. In its default mode, the VFD displays the
the status of the eight transmit and receive channels, the time being used by the event recorder, and
the Unit ID number.
The VFD’s brightness in combination with the standard anti-glare screen make it readable in almost
any type of lighting.
F1
F2
F3
F4
1-A
2-B
3-C
4-D
5-E
6-F
7-G
8-H
9
0
Figure 2. Keypad and Display Module
UNIT IDENTIFICATION
Each PDR-2000 should be assigned a unique Unit ID number. The Unit ID is continuously transmitted
as part of every digital packet. This allows only units programmed to receive information, do, and data
with incorrect Unit ID numbers are ignored. This increases security without effecting dependability.
False Trips due to any type of digital crosstalk or channel slippage are eliminated.
PACKET FORWARDING
Because every packet has the Unit ID number of its source, packets may be passed from unit to unit
allowing two units not directly connected to communicate with each other. Each PDR-2000 has two
communication ports so that it may be directly linked to two other units. With the Packet Forwarding
feature turned on, any packet received in one port is re-transmitted through the other port. Information
that can be forwarded include:
• Trip
• Software settings
• Status
• Guard
• Sequence of Events
• Ping test
Any directly or indirectly connected units can share this information. Packet Forwarding is especially
effective for three terminal applications and small loops or strings. This feature can also be used for
redundant communications without the cost of additional equipment.
DIAGNOSTICS AND TESTING
The PDR-2000 has advanced diagnostics using a fully featured event recorder. The event recorder
can hold up to 40,000 events, after which the events are overwritten. Events are timed stamped by the
internal clock which can be updated using an IRIG-B signal from a GPS clock and stored in Flash
memory.
The same Windows® based GUI that is used to program the unit’s settings also accesses events.
The GUI allows the user to download up to 1,000 events and sort the events by event type, date and
time.
The Keypad and Display can also access events by starting with the most recent event and scrolling
back chronologically. The types of events are listed in Figure 3.
GUI EVENT
UNIT DISPLAY EVENT
EVENT DESCRIPTION
Power On
POWER ON
Unit was powered On
Password
PASSWORD
Unit was accessed with password
Wrong Password
WRONG PASSWORD
Wrong password was entered
Trip Output #
otp # val (1/0)
Trip Output On/Off on # (number of output circuit), 1 = On, 0 = Off
Trip Input #
inp # val (1/0)
Trip Input On/Off on # (number of input circuit), 1 = On, 0 = Off
TIME OUT FROM ID #
Time Out ID #
A packet has not been received from a unit whose number is
programmed in receive logic.
TIME OUT OFF ID #
Time Out Off ID #
TIME OUT FROM ID # event has ended, a packet has been received
with the matching Unit ID number.
ALARM ON/OFF
ALARM ON/OFF
Alarm status relay was turned On or Off
Blocked On/Off
BLOCKED ON/OFF
Block status relay was turned On or Off
Loss of communications
channel 1
LOSS COM 1
LOC 1 status relay was turned On
Loss of communications OFF channel 1
LOSS COM 1 OFF
LOC 1 status relay was turned Off
Loss of communications channel 2
LOSS COM 2
LOC 2 status relay was turned On
Loss of communications OFF channel 2
LOSS COM 2 OFF
LOC 2 status relay was turned Off
Bit Error channel 1
BIT ERROR 1
BIT ERR 1 status relay was turned On
Bit Error OFF channel 1
BIT ERROR 1 OFF
BIT ERR 1 status relay was turned Off
Bit Error channel 2
BIT ERROR 2
BIT ERR 2 status relay was turned On
Bit Error OFF channel 2
BIT ERROR 2 OFF
BIT ERR 2 status relay was turned Off
Primary CPU Power out of Range 2.5 V
PRIM 2.5 fail
Primary uP module 2.5 V is out of range
Primary CPU Power out of Range OFF 2.5 V
PRIM 2.5 fail OFF
Primary uP module 2.5 V has returned to within range
Secondary CPU Power out of Range 2.5 V
SEC 2.5 fail
Redundant uP module 2.5 V is out of range
Secondary CPU Power out of Range OFF 2.5 V
SEC 2.5 fail OFF
Redundant uP module 2.5 V has returned to within range
Primary CPU Power out of Range 3.3 V
PRIM 3.3 fail
Primary uP module 3.3 V is out of range
Primary CPU Power out of Range OFF 3.3 V
PRIM 3.3 fail OFF
Primary uP module 3.3 V has returned to within range
Secondary CPU Power out of Range 3.3 V
SEC 3.3 fail
Redundant uP module 3.3 V is out of range
Secondary CPU Power out of Range OFF 3.3 V
SEC 3.3 fail OFF
Redundant uP module 3.3 V has returned to within range
Primary Power fail 5 V
PRIM 5 fail
Primary DC/DC converter has failed
Secondary Power fail 5 V
SEC 5 V fail
Redundant DC/DC converter has failed
Primary Power fail OFF 5 V
PRIM 5 fail OFF
Primary DC/DC converter returned to within 5 V limits
Secondary Power fail OFF 5 V
SEC 5 fail OFF
Redundant DC/DC converter returned to within 5 V limits
Invalid ID
INVALID ID
A Packet was received with a Unit ID number that does not match the
receive logic. Only when Packet Fowarding is Off and Unit ID is On
Cut-out ON/OFF
CUT-OUT ON/OFF
Cut-Out switch changed from the On to Off position
Ping test start
PING TEST SEND
Ping test initiated from keypad
Ping test received
PING TEST REC
Ping test received by remote unit
Ping test failed
PING TEST FAIL
Ping test did not return to initiating unit
Ping test passed
PING TEST DONE
Ping test successfully returned to initiating unit
Ping test returned
PING TEST ANSWER
Ping test transmitted from remote to initiating unit
Figure 3. Events
Packet Forwarding allows the GUI to upload the events of not just the local unit, but any remote unit
communicating in a string or loop. This is also true of a unit’s Settings and Status. Retrieving Settings
with the GUI displays the entire software configuration including the unit’s Firmware version. Uploading
the Status shows exactly the state of the LED’s and Display are at the time of the request. These are
displayed on a graphical representation of the PDR-2000 in Figure 1.
Channel and timing tests may be performed using the Ping test. Initiated as a single end test, it is
directed through a communication port to a selected unit. A pass/fail report and the round trip time of
the test are displayed.
Password protected manual trip commands may be activated on the Keypad and Display. From one
to eight channels may be tripped for a designated period of time.
DIGITAL ELECTRICAL COMMUNICATIONS
Two types of electrical synchronous digital communications are available, a 56/64 Kbps RS-422 through
a RS-449 port, or a 64 Kbps G.703 co-directional serial interface. Two communication ports per
chassis are standard. Two ports allows one unit to communicate over two different channels to two
other units, even in different locations.
Packet size ranges from 40 to 255 bits depending on the type of communication and the message
purpose. All packets contain the transmitting unit’s ID number and a 16 bit CRC (Cyclic Redundancy
Check) for added security. Trip and Guard commands use 40 bit packets and always have priority to
ensure minimum Trip times.
DIGITAL FIBER OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS
The PDR-2000 is available with several optional fiber optic interfaces. The Fiber Optic module can
house up to two transmit and two receive heads. The optional heads are listed in Figure 4.
Laser
Wavelength
(nm)
1550
Single
FC
Laser
1550
Single
ST
LE D
1550
Single
FC
LE D
1550
Single
ST
Laser
1300
Single
FC
Laser
1300
Single
ST
LE D
1300
Single
FC
LE D
1300
Single
ST
LE D
1300
Multimode
FC
LE D
1300
Multimode
ST
LE D
850
Multimode
ST
LE D
850
Multimode
ST
Emitter Type
Fiber Mode
Connector
Figure 4. Fiber Optic Interfaces
For short haul fiber applications meeting ANSI C37.94, an optional 850 nm multimode fiber module
is available.
TRIP TIMES
The PDR-2000 is a high speed digital communications terminal. Trip times average 3 ms. Due to the
size of the PDR-2000 communication packets, times vary. Because of the high security afforded by
the PDR-2000 packet structure, recovery from bit errors and system blocks can be made with a single
packet rather then repetitive packets. For those units equipped with optional 3 amp dry contact Trip
relays add approximately 3 ms to the Trip time, and approximately 1 ms for 30 amp dry contact Trip
relays. In-service Trip times can be determined by using the Ping Test. Channel speed is measured
with back-to-back terminals and does not include delays resulting from equipment or media outside
the PDR-2000.
REDUNDANCY
The PDR-2000 is available with several optional redundant modules to increase the reliability and
flexibility of the unit.
LOGIC: In the event of a failure by the primary Microprocessor module, the redundant module will
operate the PDR-2000. The Status Relay module and the event recorder on the redundant module will
indicate primary module failure. To simplify setup, the primary and redundant Microprocessor modules
are programmed simultaneously. Likewise, the redundant Microprocessor module contains an event
recorder which mirrors the primary’s.
POWER SUPPLY: The PDR-2000 power supply is made up of two modules, both of which can be
redundant. A DC converter module on the rear of the chassis converts the input voltage (24, 48, 125 or
250 VDC) to 5V. The DC/DC module contains a power filter, fuses, over/under voltage protection and
a power fail relay. When the redundant power supply is ordered, a second DC converter module and
a redundant circuits on the DC/DC module are supplied. When operating normally, each power supply
carries half of the load required by the unit. In case either power supply fails, the remaining supply
powers the unit, a relay and LED indicate the failure.
TRIP OUT: The Trip Out module contains eight solid state relays rated for 1A @ 300VDC. A second
redundant Trip Out module can be added to the PDR-2000 to mirror the logic of the primary module’s
outputs. The solid state relays on the primary Trip Out module may be used as redundant outputs of
the optional dry contact Trip out relays.
RELAY I/O
SOLID STATE: The PDR-2000 has eight optically isolated solid state Trip outputs on each Trip Out
module with a maximum of two modules per chassis. Eight optically isolated Trip inputs are located on
the Trip In module.
UNIVERSAL RELAY: The optional Universal Relay module holds four dry contact output relays. Each
relay is rated for 3A @ 150VDC and may be configured as Form A or Form B. The PDR-2000 can hold
up to two Universal Relay modules per chassis.
HEAVY DUTY RELAY: The optional Heavy Duty Relay module holds four Form A or B dry contact
relays. Each is rated for 30A @ 150VDC. The PDR-2000 can hold up to two Heavy Duty Relay
Modules per chassis.
STATUS RELAYS
The Status Relay module contains eight relays: (1-Alarm, 1-Block, 2-LOC (loss of communications), 2
programmable relays, and 2-uP Fail (microprocessor fail). There is one loss of communication for
each of the two Com ports. The second uP fail relay is for the redundant uP module. Alarm, Block and
LOC alarms are programmable for delay. The programmable alarms can be set for the following
events: Bit Error on Com port 1 or 2, Ping Test Fail, Trip Input, Trip Output, Invalid ID, or Timeout ID.
The programmable alarms may be latched for a programmed period of time or for manual reset.
There is a power fail status relay located on the DC/DC module, two when the redundant module is
supplied. The status relays drive external equipment when a change in system status is detected.
WARRANTY
As with all INIVEN products, the PDR-2000 is covered by a 12 year warranty from date of delivery.
PART NUMBER GENERATOR
PDR-2000- 125 - 0 - 00 - A - 1 - 1 - XX
Special
Power Supply Voltage
24 - 24VDC
48 - 48VDC
125 - 125VDC
250 - 250VDC
Redundant
Power Supply Voltage
0 - No PS
24 - 24VDC
48 - 48VDC
125 - 125VDC
250 - 250VDC
Dry Contact Trip
Relay Options
00 - No Optional Relays
01 - 1 Universal Relay Module
02 - 2 Universal Relay Modules
10 - 1 Heavy Duty Relay Module
20 - 2 Heavy Duty Relay Modules
11 - 1 Univ & 1 HD Relay Module
Consult Factory
for Dash Number
Redundant
Logic Module
1 - No Redundant
Logic Module
2 - Redundant
Logic Module
Trip Out Module
1 - 1 Trip Out Module (STD)
2 - 2 Trip Out Modules
Communications Options
A - 56/64Kbps, RS-449
B - 64Kpbs, G.703
SH1 - Short Haul Fiber 1Tx 1Rx
SH2 - Short Haul Fiber 2Tx 2Rx
F X X X - For Other Fiber Optics
S - Laser
D - LED
1 - 1Tx 1Rx
2 - 2Tx 2Rx
5 - 1550nm, sm
3 - 1300nm, sm
1 - 1300nm, mm
8 - 850nm, mm
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL
STANDARD MODULES
PHYSICAL:
Dimension:
Height: 5.25 in. (13.3 cm)
Width: 19 in. (48 cm)
Depth: 12.20 in. (31 cm)
Weight: 20 lb (9.1 kg) max.
MICROPROCESSOR MODULE:
Programmable for:
TX trip hold time, 0-40 ms
B Contact Key time, 0-1200 ms
RX trip hold time, 0-40 ms
Pre-trip timer, 0-40 ms
Guard before Trip, 0-1000 ms
Latching time, 0-500 ms
Status relay delay, 1-30 sec
Prog relay latch, 0-42 sec
Auto Ping/Timeout delay, 0-20 ms
Trip output logic
Unit ID
Packet Forwarding
Synchronous clocking
Com port activation
Event Recorder:
40,000 events before rewriting
Nonvolatile memory
Diagnostics:
Ping Test
Auto Ping Test
Programmable Status relays
Manual Trip generation
Memo:
4KB
Nonvolatile memory
2 per chassis max, 2nd for redundancy
OPERATING TEMPERATURE:
-30°C to +70°C (-22°F to +158°F)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY:
95% maximum @ +42°C (+108°F)
Non-condensing
INTERFACE DIELECTRIC STRENGTH:
All connections including inputs, outputs
and connectors meet the following
specifications:
ANSI C37.90-1989
ANSI C37.90.1-1989
IEC 255-5
IEC 255-22-1
IEC 255-22-2
IEC 255-22-4
EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS:
Screw type terminal blocks, 6-32,
will accept lugged wires from 12 AWG
to 20 AWG.
IRIG-B connector, BNC
RS-232, 9 pin, DTE (rear)
Communication port modules:
RS-449, two 37 pin D-Sub
G.703, two 15 pin D-Sub
Fiber optic, FC or ST, multi or
single mode, 2 TX & 2 RX heads:
850 nm
1300 nm
1550 nm
RFI SUSCEPTIBILITY:
ANSI C37.90.2 (35V / M)
IEC 255-22-3
DISPLAY
4 X 20 Vacuum Florescent Display (VFD)
COM MODULE:
RS-422 (64 Kbps)
Fiber optic, long haul
Fiber optic, short haul (C37.94)
G.703 (56/64 Kbps)
RS-232 MODULE:
IRIG-B modulated signal input
Impedance, 3.7 Kohm
Isolation transformer, 5 KV
Signal levels:
1 = 3 V (+1, -.5 V)
0 = 1 V (+.2, -1 V)
DCE, 9 pin connector
DC CONVERTER MODULE(S):
Input Voltages:
24 VDC, 48 VDC, 125 VDC,
250 VDC
2 per chassis max with Dual DC Module
STATUS RELAY MODULE:
1 Alarm, programmable for delay
1 Block, programmable for delay
2 Loss of Communications,
programmable for delay
2 Bit Error Rate, programmable for delay
2 Microprocessor Fail
Max contact voltage, 300 VDC
Max contact rating, 10 A
Max break rating, 0.5 A @ 125 VDC
TRIP IN MODULE:
8 Trip inputs, optically isolated
Current draw: 10 ma @125 VDC
TRIP OUT MODULE:
8 solid state Trip outputs,
optically isolated
Max voltage, 300 VDC
Contact rating:
1 A, 2 A for 1 min
2 per chassis max
DC MODULE:
Single or Dual (redundant) version
2 input fuses per DC input
1 output fuse per DC input
2 relays, power fail
Module Locations
OPTION MODULES
UNIVERSAL RELAY MODULE:
4 Form A / B relays
Max voltage, 300 VDC
Max contact rating, 10 A
Max break rating, 3 A @ 150 VDC
2 per chassis max
HEAVY DUTY RELAY MODULE:
4 Form A / B relays
Max voltage, 250 VDC
Max contact rating, 30 A
Max break rating, 10 A @ 250 VDC
2 per chassis max
CUT-OUT SWITCH MODULE
Air gap switch for:
All Trip outputs
Trip In module circuit
uP module Trip In shutoff
command
WARRANTY AGREEMENT
We hereby certify that the INIVEN product line carries a warranty
for any part which fails during normal operation or service for 12 years.
A defective part should be returned to the factory after receiving a return
material authorization number (RMA), shipping charges prepaid, for
repair f.o.b. Somerville, New Jersey. In case INIVEN cannot promptly
return the unit to you it will endeavor to provide a loaner until the repair
or replacement is returned to you. Any unauthorized repairs or modifications will void the warranty. In the case of parts not being commercially available, INIVEN reserves the right to replace the unit with a
functionally equivalent unit.
5 Columbia Road, Somerville, NJ 08876
INIVEN
5 Columbia Road
Somerville, NJ 08876
Email: sales@iniven.com
www.iniven.com
Phone: 800-526-3984
Phone: 908-722-3770
Fax: 908-722-5461
10.10.03
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