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Fallingwater®
Fallingwater
®
Mill Run, Pennsylvania
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Building Instructions
Architectural Drawings
The History of Fallingwater
Fallingwater
2
Courtesy of Western Pennsylvania Conservancy
Contents
Frank Lloyd Wright ...........................................................................................5
History of Fallingwater®................................................................................ 6
Facts from the Project ...................................................................................8
The Architect’s Thoughts about the Building ................................ 9
Building Instructions ......................................................................................11
A Word from the Artist ..............................................................................104
LEGO® Architecture: Bringing two worlds together ..............105
References ....................................................................................................... 107
3
© F.L. Wright Fdn.
4
Frank Lloyd Wright
Photo: OBMA. ® F.L. Wright Fdn.
Frank Lloyd Wright, 1867–1959, is recognized worldwide as one of
the greatest architects of the 20th century. His work heralded a
new approach to architecture using innovations in design and
engineering made possible by newly developed technology and
materials.
No other American architect’s work endures, or remains as
compelling, as that of Frank Lloyd Wright. His was a unique style
rooted in nature, that he called “organic architecture,” emphasizing
the harmonious relationship between a building and its
landscape. It changed how we came to view our buildings, towns,
and the land around us.
© F.L. Wright Fdn.
5
History of Fallingwater
®
“He had the design totally in his head, as always, and
as he recommended to the apprentices, if no whole
idea, no architecture.” John Lautner, letter of June 20,
1974. Lautner was an apprentice from 1933 to 1939.
“Mr. Wright was not at all disturbed by the fact that not
one line had been drawn. As was normal, he asked
me to bring him the topographical map of Bear Run
to his draughting table in the sloping-roofed studio
at Taliesin, a rustic but wondrous room in itself...
I stood by, on his right side, keeping his colored
pencils sharpened. Every line he drew, vertically and
especially horizontally, I watched with complete
fascination... Mr. Kaufmann arrived and Mr. Wright
greeted him in his wondrously warm manner. In the
studio, Mr. Wright explained the sketches to his client.
Mr. Kaufmann, a very intelligent but practical
gentleman, merely said... ‘I thought you would place
the house near the waterfall, not over it.’ Mr. Wright
said quietly, ‘E.J. I want you to live with the waterfall,
not just to look at it, but for it to become an integral
part of your lives.’ And it did just that.” Bob Mosher,
Letter of Jan. 20, 1974.
“In 1963, Edgar Kaufmann Jr. gave his home, Fallingwater,
to the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy with the
intent that it be open to the public for tours. His gift
constitutes one of the most magnanimous acts in the
annals of architectural and fine art history. This one
building, undoubtedly the most famous private
residence built in a free, democratic society, has been
widely published the world over since its completion
in 1939, and its influence continues to this day.[1]”
balconies above it, emphasizes this element of
projecting forms merging building and landscape.
In most architecture of the world, balconies are smaller
features of a larger, more stable mass. At Fallingwater,
the entire house is composed of these projections
from and above the rock ledges.
The rooms themselves, with their adjacent outdoor
terraces, are all a part of broad-sweeping balconies
reaching out to the branches of the surrounding
trees, and over the stream and waterfalls below.[2]”
“Fallingwater is a country home, and in the annals of
so-called country homes it differs from any other
ever built up to that time... Fallingwater achieves
something that no country home successfully had
before: it emphasizes, in every place and at every
turn, the wonder and beauty of nature in this
woodland setting.[3]”
“Fallingwater is that rare work which is composed of
such delicate balacing of forces and counterforces,
transformed into spaces thrusting horizontally,
vertically and diagonally, that the whole achieves the
serenity which marks all great works of art.[4]”
“The famous view of the house, taken from downstream
looking up to the water cascades and under the
© F.L. Wright Fdn.
6
© F.L. Wright Fdn.
Left: Elevation and Floor Plan
Above: Scaffolding
7
Facts from the Project
Architect: ...............................................................Frank Lloyd Wright
Classification: ........................................................... Vacation Home
Year: ................................................................................................................ 1935
Construction Type: ........... Reinforced Poured Concrete
with Limestone Fascia
Square Feet: .....................................................2,885 sq. ft. interior
Original Cost: ............................................................................ $ 155,000
Top right: Scaffolding
Bottom left: Construction workers
Bottom right: Construction
8
The Architect’s Thoughts about the Building
“The rock-ledges of a stone-quarry are a story and a
longing to me. There is suggestion in the strata and
character in the formations.
I like to sit and feel it, as it is. Often I have thought,
were great monumental buildings ever given me to
build, I would go to the Grand Canyon of Arizona to
ponder them… For in the stony bone-work of the
Earth, the principles that shaped stone as it lies, or as
it rises and remains to be sculptured by winds and
tide – there sleep forms and styles enough for all the
ages for all of Man.[5]”
“The visit to the waterfall in the woods stays with me
and a domicile has taken vague shape in my mind to
the music of the stream. When contours come you
will see it. Meantime, to you my affection. [6]”
“This structure might serve to indicate that the sense
of shelter…has no limitations as to form except the
materials used and the methods by which they are
employed for what purpose.[7]”
“Looking back years later at what he had created
there, in this enchanted glen, Wright said, ‘Fallingwater
is a great blessing – one of the great blessings to be
experienced here on earth. I think that nothing
yet ever equaled the coordination, sympathetic
expression of the great principle of repose, where
forest and stream and rock and all the elements of
structure are combined so quietly that really you
listen not to any noise whatsoever, although the music
of the stream is there. But you listen to Fallingwater
the way you listen to the quiet of the country.’[8]”
© Hedrich-Blessing
Above: Desk and view
Left: Living Room
© Yukio Futagawa
9
Side elevation
Front elevation
Adam Reed Tucker
Architectural LEGO Artist
Planview
Building Instructions
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“Bring out the nature of the materials, let
their nature intimately into your scheme
... Reveal the nature of the wood, plaster,
brick or stone in your designs, they are
all by nature friendly and beautiful.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1908
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“By organic architecture I mean an
architecture that develops from within
outward in harmony with the conditions
of its being, as distinguished from one
that is applied from without.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1914
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“Architecture is the triumph
of Human imagination over
materials, methods, and men
to put man into possession
of his own Earth.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1930
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“Architecture is the scientific
art of making structure express
ideas.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1930
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“Stone is inflorescent: stone is the mass
residue of intense heat. Stone is therefore
the simplest mass material. As human
hands directed by the imagination begin
upon it, it becomes a shapely block.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1937
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“Architecture is that great living creative spirit
which from generation to generation, from age
to age, proceeds, persists, creates, according
to the nature of man, and his circumstances as
they both change. That really is architecture.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1939
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“I had an idea that the horizontal planes
in buildings, those planes parallel to the
earth, identify themselves with the ground
– make the building belong to the ground.
I began putting this idea to work.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1943
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“In architecture, expressive changes of
surface, emphasis of line & especially
textures of material or imaginative
pattern, may go to make facts more
eloquent – forms more significant.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1943
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“Organic architecture takes this
thought from within the nature of the
thing. It is a profound nature study.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1952
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“Rhythm in a building is largely a question of the
third dimension or the depth of the building. A thing
is out of place when it is not in rhythm. And what
is rhythm in a building? In music you listen to it, in
painting you look at it, in a building you live with it.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1952
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“I began to see a building
primarily not as cave but as
broad shelter in the open,
related to vista; vista without
vista within.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1954
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“A great architecture, a great
building, must have a great concept. It must be born according
to the depths of the human
mind and nature.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1955
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“The cantilever is essentially steel at its
most economical level of use. Construction
lightened by means of cantilevered steel in
tension, makes continuity a most valuable
characteristic of architectural enlightenment.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1957
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“Organic architecture sees the third dimension
never as weight or mere thickness but always
as depth. Depth an element of space; the third
(or thickness) dimension transformed to a
space dimension.”
– Frank Lloyd Wright, 1957
A Word from the Artist
As an Architectural Artist my desire is to capture the
essence of a particular architectural landmark into its
pure sculptural form. I first and foremost do not view
my models as literal replicas, but rather my own artistic
interpretations through the use of LEGO® bricks as a
medium. The LEGO brick is not initially thought of as
a material typically used in creating art or used as an
artist’s medium. I quickly discovered the LEGO brick
was lending itself as naturally to my applications as
paint to a painter or metal to a blacksmith. As I explore
how to capture these buildings with the basic shapes
of the bricks and plates, I find the possibilities and
challenges they offer almost magical.
21005 Fallingwater
This model underwent a total of 14 design concepts
as it delicately incorporates a unique “pull-apart”
interactive feature. Unlike the first 5 models in the LEGO
Architecture series which are static by design, I wanted
to explore the use of the LEGO Brick even further by
expressing the dynamic nature of Fallingwater; with
this in mind I was able to have sections of the model
slide out. The design challenge was in figuring out how
to cleverly disguise, in an almost puzzle-like design
where the model comes apart without distorting one of
Mr. Wright’s most recognizable achievements. Another
design concern was how to carefully balance the
playful nature of the river, waterfall, woods, and bridge
that embrace and define Fallingwater. These subtle
details give Fallingwater context, without which it would
not be possible to truly illustrate its beautiful, sensitive
and thoughtful design.
Adam Reed Tucker
Architectural LEGO Artist
104
LEGO Architecture: Bringing two worlds together
®
The LEGO Group and Adam Reed Tucker are excited to
bring you LEGO Architecture, a new line of LEGO building
sets that celebrates world-renowned architects, who
continue to inspire the builders of tomorrow. Whether
young and eager to learn or simply young at heart
and intrigued by these modern day marvels, we hope
the Architecture series inspires builders of all ages by
celebrating the past, present and future of architecture
through the LEGO brick. Through incredible products
and exciting events, the Architecture series promotes
awareness of the fascinating worlds of architecture,
engineering and construction.
Visit www.LEGO.com/architecture or
www.Brickstructures.com for more information
The launch of the LEGO Architecture series begins
with a celebration of Frank Lloyd Wright, and one of
the most famous buildings in the world, the Solomon R.
Guggenheim Museum in New York City.
We hope to inspire future architects around the world with
the LEGO brick as a medium. Enjoy this experience!
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The Architects Thoughts about the Building
[5] Frank Lloyd Wright “In the Cause of Architecture: The Meaning of
Materials – Stone.”
Architectural Record, 63 (Apr. 1928), pp. 350, 356.
[6] Frank Lloyd Wright, “In the Cause of Architecture: The Meaning of
Materials – Stone.”
Architectural Record, 63 (Apr. 1928), pp. 350, 356.
[7] Frank Lloyd Wright, “Architectural Forum.” 1938
[8] Frank Lloyd Wright, 1955 FLLW Tape Transcript No. 129, part 2, p. 11
Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, “Frank Lloyd Wright - Fallingwater.” 2003, Pg. 20.
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The History of Fallingwater
[1] Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, “Frank Lloyd Wright - Fallingwater,” 2003, Pg. 6
[2] Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, “Frank Lloyd Wright - Fallingwater,” 2003, Pg. 10
[3] Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, “Frank Lloyd Wright - Fallingwater,” 2003, Pg. 20
[4] Paul M. Rudolph, 1970, “Global Architecture – Frank Lloyd Wright
Kaufmann House, “Fallingwater,” Opening Paragraph.
For further information please visit:
www.franklloydwright.org
The publicity rights to the name and likeness
of Frank Lloyd Wright belong to the Frank
Lloyd Wright Foundation, Taliesin West,
Scottsdale, Arizona. Frank Lloyd Wright, the
Frank Lloyd Wright signature, the Frank Lloyd
Wright Collection logo, and the authorized
product logo (rectangular logo box) are
registered trademarks of the Frank Lloyd
Wright Foundation. The drawings and designs
of Frank Lloyd Wright are © copyright the
Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.
Customer Service
Kundenservice
Service Consommateurs
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www.lego.com/service or dial
00800 5346 5555 :
1-800-422-5346 :
107
This product is authorized by the
Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation,
Taliesin West, Scottsdale, Arizona.
108 and the LEGO logo are trademarks of the LEGO Group. ©2011 The LEGO Group. 4644799
LEGO
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