Owner`s Manual - Manzanita Micro

Owner`s Manual - Manzanita Micro
PFC-20
PFC-30
&
PFC-40
Series Chargers
Owner’s Manual
Rev 1.4
©2010 Manzanita Micro LLC
The information date is: 08/24/2010
CONTENTS
GENERAL OVERVIEW……………………………………………………… 3
KEY FEATURES LIST………………………………………………………. 4
DIMENSIONS AND SPECIFICATIONS…………………………………… 5
CHARGER OPERATION……………………………………………………. 6
- Photo of Charger Face With Callouts…………………………………. 6
- Volts Trim ~ Adjusting the Peak Charging Voltage Limit………….. 7-8
- Reg Bus Port ~ Basic Info……………………………………………….. 9
- Descriptions of Panel LED Indicators………………………………… 9-10
- Dip Switches……………………………………………………………….. 11
WIRING YOUR MANZANITA MICRO CHARGER……………………….. 11
- Connecting the Charger to the Battery Pack………………………… 12-13
- Connecting the Charger to the Wall…………………………………… 13
- PFC20 Wiring………………………………………………………………. 14
- PFC30 Wiring………………………………………………………………. 14
- PFC40 Wiring………………………………………………………………. 15
- Running Your PFC Charger on DC instead of AC…………………... 15
- 120V Standard Adapter Drawing for PFC20 & PFC30………………. 16
- 120V Standard Adapter Drawing for PFC40………………………….. 17
- Reg Bus Wiring & Pin-out Info………………………………………….. 18
- New 8A Control Board Additional Features…………………………...21-22
2
PFC-20/30/40 SERIES
BATTERY CHARGER
MANUAL
rev 1.4
General Overview
The Manzanita Micro PFC chargers are a unique group of powerful, efficient battery
chargers. The chargers will operate on any voltage from 100 up to 240 volts AC.
The chargers can be set to run automatically when plugged in, yet they also have far
more user adjustable functions than other electric vehicle chargers. Every model is
user adjustable to charge batteries from 12 to 450 Volts DC. All the chargers are
power factor corrected and are available with enhanced options such as an AC input
current display. With so much flexibility and models from 20 to 75amps, your PFC
charger may be the last charger you ever need to buy.
Speed and Efficiency
The essential ingredient for fast recharge times is to deliver high power to the
battery. The key to polite opportunity charging is to be able to share outlets with
other equipment and make efficient use of limited current. The Manzanita Micro
PFC line of chargers has an adjustable current throttle knob to allow the chargers to
be turned down to operate on very limited power sources. Efficiency and power
factor are both better than 0.9.
What does the PFC mean?
In the Manzanita Micro chargers PFC stands for Power Factor Corrected. This
means that current and voltage are drawn in unity, (ie: current is drawn with unity to
the incoming line voltage).
3
PFC-20/30/40 SERIES
CHARGER FEATURES
•
Power Factor Corrected
•
Every charger easily runs on 110/120V and 220/240V
•
Easy ‘Amps’ adjustment knob allows users to quick-tune the charger to pull
maximum amps from the incoming power source
•
User adjustable peak charge voltage allows users to adapt charger to any
battery voltage from 12 to 450 volts
•
Up to 9,600 watts of power from a unit that weighs less than 20 lbs (9kg) and
is about the size of a shoe box
•
Reg bus port for easy integration with Manzanita Micro BMS (also compatible
with other Battery Management Systems)
•
Self regulating thermal protection
•
Active variable speed fan cooling
•
Water cooling option
•
Input line current meter option
•
Adjustable absorption phase (end of charge) timer function
•
Ability to enable auto restart mode
•
Ability to enable timed charging mode
•
Standard PFC-20 and PFC40HM (PHEV) models can run on both AC or DC
voltage (* Buck enhanced models can also run on DC if modified)
•
Now with a latched timer mode
•
Float charge option possible with new 8A control board
4
Dimensions and Specifications
The PFC-20, PFC-30 and PFC-40 series chargers weigh in at approximately
18 pounds (8.2 kg)
The maximum outermost dimensions including foot flanges and protrusions are
approximately:
14” L x 10.5” W x 5.75” H (358mm x 264mm x 145mm)
Input Voltage Range : 100 to 240VAC 40-80Hz computer grade pure sine wave
Output Voltage Range : 12 to 450VDC ( +/- 1 volt )
Operating Temp Range : -20° F to +120° F ( -28.8° C to +48.8° C )
Power Consumption : Up to 9.6kW ~ PFC40 / 7.2kW ~ PFC30 / 4.8kW ~ PFC20
The 20, 30 or 40 nomenclature is indicative of how many amps that charger is rated
to draw from the AC line. Unlike some other chargers, this is the rated continuous
load and all units are thoroughly tested to their rated limits before leaving Manzanita
Micro. An optional panel mount current meter is available which displays the amount
of current (amps) that the charger is drawing off the AC line. This allows the user to
tune the charger precisely for the maximum allowable amps for the outlet they are
plugged into.
5
Charger Operation
figure 02. Charger Layout (see final section for new 8A layout)
Turning the Charger On and Off
There is an ON/OFF Breaker to the right of the cooling fan (or coolant fittings on
liquid cooled models). This breaker is the main switch to turn the charger on or off. If
ever there is a concern while charging first shut off this breaker switch.
NOTICE! DO NOT unplug the gray SB-50 Anderson connectors (DC line) from
your charger while it is charging! If the battery pack is disconnected while the
charger is putting out power the charger can be damaged. Failure to heed these
warnings may result in significant internal damage to the charger which is not
covered under your warranty!
6
User Control Panel
The user interface panel is the long blue panel with yellow text near the top of the
PFC charger. The main things most users need to be concerned with are the LED
indicators, the VOLTS TRIM and the adjustable AMPS knob. Below are
explanations of each feature in order from left to right. Refer to figure 02 or the 8A
Control Board section (figure 11) for specific locations.
“VOLTS TRIM”
This controls the peak DC voltage ceiling that the charger will allow the batteries to
reach before limiting the current. Unless specified otherwise, the voltage limit is
specifically calibrated and set by Manzanita Micro to 191 Volts (for a 156V nominal
pack.) In the event that adjustment is desired, please follow the instructions below.
Starting in 2010, a special insulated screw driver for adjusting the volts trim is
shipped with each new Manzanita PFC charger.
NOTICE! Always use an appropriately sized insulated screw driver when adjusting
the voltage trim potentiometer. Suitable drivers are available for purchase from
Manzanita Micro or other electronics components manufacturers. (Mouser part #:
594-8T000, Vishay/Spectrol Adjust Tool, www.mouser.com)
figure 03. Adjustment Tool # 008T000
NOTE: If the battery pack is not heated for any reason such as outdoors in a cold
climate, the peak charging voltage threshold will likely need to be raised in order to
assure a complete charge. This is especially true for lead acid batteries. Many users
turn the volts trim to the absolute maximum safe level for the batteries during the
winter and then back down to normal during the summer months. Always consult
your battery manufacturer for information on the peak “fully charged” voltage
specifications and how they change based on temperature.
NOTE: The peak voltage regulation set point on a Manzanita Micro charger is
accurate to within 5 volts or less. Follow the “Volts Trim Calibration” instructions on
the next page and make the initial adjustment with the amps knob completely down
so that no current is flowing. Gradually turn up the amps knob and nudge the volts
trim potentiometer up accordingly. Use caution on the first charge cycle and make
sure to check that the point at which the charger volts trim limit is reached is really
the correct voltage for your specific batteries.
7
VOLTS TRIM CALIBRATION:
Final tuning is best accomplished when the battery pack is fully charged. The lower
the state of charge, the more the user will need to monitor and adjust the unit during
the first charge cycle.
1.
Turn the amps knob all the way down (full counterclockwise).
2.
Make sure the charger is plugged into the battery pack and that there are no open breakers or
open fuses in the DC battery circuit.
3.
With the charger’s AC breaker switch in the OFF position, plug the charger into the AC power
outlet.
4.
Now turn ON the charger’s AC breaker switch. The fans should come on.
5.
Using an appropriate insulated screw driver, stick it into the VOLTS TRIM access hole (see
figure 04) and turn the internal adjustment potentiometer until you find the threshold where the
yellow LIMITS LED changes state. If the yellow LED is off, turn the trim pot counterclockwise
to get it to turn on. If the yellow LED is on, turn the trim pot clockwise to get it to go off. Once
you find the threshold where the LED changes states, the cutoff voltage is set to the actual
battery voltage and the charger will not charge the pack above this voltage. Therefore, when
you are ready to charge you will need to turn the trim pot clockwise to raise this voltage
ceiling. Turn the AMPS knob up until you can put the amount of amps you want into the
battery pack while not letting the batteries go over their peak voltage limit according to the
battery manufacturer’s data.
While charging, when the battery pack voltage hits the peak limit the yellow LIMITS
LED will come on along with the flashing blue TIMER LED.
figure 04. VOLTS TRIM Adjustment
8
“REG BUS”
This is the 6 pin RJ jack where the BMS communication line plugs into the charger.
This port allows the individual battery regulators to communicate with the charger.
For more information on the specific reg bus pins refer to the “Reg Bus Wiring”
section later in this manual.
NOTICE! If your vehicle is equipped with a Battery Management System, ensure
that the reg bus data cable is fully plugged into the charger whenever the vehicle is
charging. The communication data cables are hooked to the regulators in a daisy
chain fashion. Make sure that each of the smaller data cables are all plugged in
where they should be before charging. If there is an unplugged portion of the reg
bus, the charger cannot communicate with the regs and this could lead to a
potentially damaging situation if there is an un-matched battery cell in the
pack! The RJ connectors are similar to phone cord connectors and they are
designed to snap into place and stay connected. If a cable is disconnected insure
that it is fully reconnected. An audible *click* should be heard when the RJ plug is
fully inserted and it should not be able to be pulled out without first pinching the
small plastic tab underneath the plug. For more information on reg bus cables refer
to the “Reg Bus Wiring” section later in this manual.
“POWER” - Green LED
The bright green POWER LED indicates when the charger is on. Input power is
being supplied to the unit and the main breaker is in the ON position.
“WARN” - Red LED
The red WARN LED should blink briefly when the charger is first powered up and
then remain off for the duration of the charge. If this indicator stays on, turn down
the AMPS knob immediately, turn off the charger’s breaker switch and consult
Manzanita Micro or a qualified service technician. This LED could indicate an over
voltage or over temperature condition. It could also be indicative of an open circuit
condition in the pack. Turn down the AMPS knob and check to make sure there is
no open circuit condition in the battery pack. Check the gray SB-50 Anderson
connector to insure that it is tightly connected and look for other disconnected
battery cables. If the charger will not work and the circuit is complete, contact
Manzanita Micro.
NOTICE! DO NOT let the charger try to put current into the battery pack if there is
an open circuit condition in the circuit. Never unplug the gray SB-50 Anderson
connectors (DC line) from your charger while it is charging! If the battery pack is
disconnected while the charger is putting out power the charger can be damaged.
Failure to heed these warnings may result in significant internal damage to the
charger which is not covered under your warranty!
“AMPS” Knob
The AMPS knob allows the user to adjust how much current the charger will move.
If the vehicle is always plugged in to the same circuit this shouldn’t need any
adjusting but if the user were to have it set at 35 amps and then plug into a 15 amp
9
110V outlet it will quickly open a circuit breaker or fuse on the AC line. The vehicle
operator may wish to adjust this knob when the charger is plugged in to a public
outlet especially if there is no easy access to the electrical panel for that circuit.
Additionally, the user might need to turn down the charger if there are other loads on
the branch circuit (example: A stereo and a computer are running on the same 15
amp circuit). If using a charger equipped with the panel mount meter, the user can
check the digital current meter on the front of the PFC unit and see exactly how
many amps the charger is drawing off of the AC line.
“LIMITS” - Yellow LED
The yellow LIMITS LED indicates that the charger has reached its peak voltage limit.
This should happen only at the end of the charge cycle when all the batteries are
fully charged. The LIMITS indicator should be accompanied by the blinking blue
TIMER LED which indicates that the charger is in current cutback mode and the
timer is counting down to the end of charge.
If the yellow LIMITS LED is blinking, then it is indicating that there is an over
temperature condition and the charger is in thermal cutback mode.
NOTE: When using regulators, the blue TIMER LED will often come on before the
LIMITS LED because the battery regulators let the charger know when the batteries
are getting full before the voltage limit is reached. If the LIMITS light is coming on
frequently or before most of the regs are blinking, this could be indicative of a few
batteries whose voltages are getting too high. It could also mean that someone has
improperly adjusted the VOLTS TRIM. Consult your battery regulator user’s manual
or recalibrate the VOLTS TRIM setting on the charger.
“TIMER” - Blue LED
The blue TIMER LED indicates that the charge is complete or near completion. If it
is flashing it means that charging is almost finished and the charger is backing off
the current and counting down the timeout timer. When the blue LED is steady, it
means that the timeout timer has ended and the charger has finished charging the
pack. At this point the charger should be putting out no power and drawing less than
an amp off the input line.
“TIMER ADJ”
This stands for timer adjustment. This is a small 16 position rotary switch which
allows the user to adjust the amount of time that the charger takes in constant
voltage mode, while cutting back current at the end of a charge cycle before it shuts
off completely.
If the switch is at ‘0’ then the timer will time out instantly - do not use this setting. (‘0’
is the 3-o-clock position when viewed from the front). If the switch is at ‘1’ it will go
for 15 minutes before completely cutting back power. Each additional tick after ‘1’
adds 10 more minutes to the charge cutback time. Turning the switch clockwise all
the way around to the 2:30 position will give the maximum amount of time.
To reset the timer after it has started turn off the power to the charger and then turn
the power on again.
10
“DIP SWITCHES”
The red and white dip switch module is on the upper right end of the charger. This is
a bank of 8 switches and they are numbered starting with #1 on the far right.
NOTICE! Adjusting these switches can cause the charger to perform in an
undesirable manner. Please be sure you understand these switch features before
changing them.
Dip Switch Guide:
1.
Engages timer at peak voltage limit set point. This switch should be ON.
2.
Starts timer as soon as the charger is turned on. This can be used for
timed charging. This switch should be OFF.
3.
Starts timer when the reg bus commands. This switch should be ON.
4.
Reg bus latch disable. As soon as a reg trips it will start the timer and the
charger will back down until timeout. This should be ON.
5.
Low battery detection on specially equipped chargers. This switch should
be OFF.
6.
AGM battery equalization. When using Mk2 series battery regulators, this
will allow the batteries to climb to a slightly higher voltage for equalization
at the end of charge. It also commands the yellow LEDs on each reg to
turn on. This switch should be OFF.
7.
As soon as the high voltage limit is set the charger goes off. This should
be OFF.
8.
Auto restart function. This allows the charger to restart charging when the
battery pack reaches a certain set low voltage point. This switch should be
OFF unless using the auto restart feature.
NOTE: Dip switch #6 can be useful if you have battery regulators because you can
momentarily switch it on and the yellow lights on all the regs should come on. If any
don’t, you can use this feature to narrow down which reg(s) are not communicating
with the charger. This feature does not work with the LT-5 Lithium regulators.
NOTE: In mid 2010, a new 4 pin RJ receptacle was added to the front of the charger
allowing for various preset voltage and current levels. For more information please
refer to the 8A Control Board section at the end of this manual.
Wiring your Manzanita Micro Charger
Your PFC-20, 30 or 40 charger has two main power cables coming out of the front
of the case. The top cable is for the incoming power (usually AC from a wall outlet)
and the lower cable is the charger’s DC output.
11
Connecting the Charger to the Battery Pack
Looking at the front of the charger, you will see that the lower DC output cable has a
gray SB-50 Anderson connector on it. This SB-50 is quite common on EV battery
chargers and we recommend that you leave this plug on the cord. The SB-50
connector has clearly marked positive and negative sides. Measure the distance
from your most positive battery terminal to your PFC charger’s SB-50 connector. Cut
a #6 AWG or thicker cable to the appropriate length and solder or crimp the
appropriate size SB-50 pin onto one end of the cable. It is recommended that you
use bright orange cable with a good insulation and voltage rating in excess of your
fully charged pack voltage. (Bright orange Carol brand Super Vu-Tron welding cable
is an excellent solution.) Place red heat shrink or red electrical tape around the
cable near each end to clearly designate it as the positive cable and then using a
matching gray SB-50 connector, push the SB-50 pin end of the positive cable into
the positive side of the SB-50 until it clicks and locks in place.
Measure the distance from your most negative battery terminal to your PFC
charger’s SB-50 connector. Cut a #6 AWG or thicker cable to the appropriate length
and solder or crimp the appropriate size SB-50 pin onto one end of this cable. Place
black heat shrink or black electrical tape around the cable near each end to clearly
designate it as the negative cable and then push the SB-50 pin end of this negative
cable into the negative side of the SB-50 until it clicks and locks in place.
figure 05
12
Now you should have a gray SB-50 connector with a positive and negative wire
coming out. (See figure 05) Use the appropriate lug or connector for your battery
terminal and connect it onto the other end of each cable. Connect the positive cable
to the most positive terminal of the battery pack. Connect the negative cable to the
most negative terminal of the battery pack.
Double check that the polarity is correct and then plug the battery pack SB-50 into
the DC output SB-50 coming from the PFC charger (see figure 06). Now the charger
is connected to the pack and you are ready to hook up the charger’s input power.
figure 06
Connecting the Charger to the Wall
Looking at the front of the charger you will see that the top cable is labeled AC and it
is the incoming power for the charger. A great feature of the Manzanita Micro PFC
line of chargers is that they are capable of operating easily off 110,120, 208, 220,
230 or 240 volts of single phase AC power. In fact they can even be run off DC (this
is done in the Manzanita Plug-in Prius kits) but most users are plugging them into an
AC wall outlet of some sort.
NOTE: Standard PFC-30, PFC-40 and other buck enhanced chargers must be
modified to run off DC. For more information on running your charger from a DC
input power source see the “Running Your PFC Charger on DC instead of AC”
section later in this manual.
13
Ohm’s law states that Volts x Amps = Watts of power and there are a certain
number of “Watt Hours” stored in your battery pack and available to power your
electric vehicle. Based on the VxA=Watts equation it is easy to see that more volts
or amps (or both) equates to more total watts which means more electrical power
moving, and thus faster charging.
Your Manzanita Micro PFC charger can be powered by any input voltage within the
100-240V range and there is no voltage adjustment or switches to move when
changing between outlets of different voltages. The only thing which may need
adjustment on the charger is the big “Amps” knob on the front. Turn this knob up or
down depending on the amperage available from the outlet. With the “Amps” knob
in the most clockwise position a PFC-20 can draw up to 20 amps, a PFC-30 up to
30A and a PFC-40 up to 40A.
EXAMPLE: A PFC-40 plugged into a standard 120V outlet at 15 amps would be
able to draw about 1,800 watts (120x15 = 1,800). The same PFC-40 plugged into a
240V outlet at 50 amps could draw up to 40A so that would be about 9,600 watts,
meaning a charge time that is over 5 times faster than in the 120V scenario.
PFC-20 Wiring
The PFC-20 is shipped with no connector on the AC input cable. To attach the PFC20’s input cable to a common 110/120V three prong 5-15 or 5-20 plug run the green
(GND) wire to the ground prong, the white (neutral) wire to the silver screw terminal
of one of the straight prongs and the black (line) wire to the brass screw terminal of
the other straight prong. If you want to connect your PFC-20’s input cable to a
220/240V three prong plug like a NEMA 10-30, run the green wire to the ground
prong and then the white and black wires to either of the two hot prongs. You do not
need a neutral wire so if you were to put another 220V plug on (such as a NEMA 1430) you would simply connect the ground and both hot lines and disregard the
neutral prong. (See figure 07.)
PFC-30 Wiring
The PFC-30 is shipped with a NEMA 14-30 on the AC input cable. Please leave this
attached and make adapter cords if you intend to change what it plugs in to. To
attach the PFC-30’s input cable to a common 110/120V three prong 5-15 or 5-20
plug purchase a 14-30 receptacle and make an adapter exactly as shown in figure
07. If you wish to make an adapter cord to connect your PFC-30’s input cable to a
220/240V three prong plug (like a NEMA 10-30, 10-40 or 6-50), use a 14-30
receptacle and simply disregard the angled neutral prong. Run the green wire to the
ground prong and then the white and black wires to either of the two hot prongs.
Since there is no neutral in the older 3 prong 220/240V plugs simply disregard the
fact that your PFC charger has a 4 prong plug on it. (See figure 07.)
14
PFC-40 Wiring
The PFC-40 is shipped with a NEMA 14-50 on the AC input cable. Please leave this
attached and make adapter cords if you intend to change what it plugs in to. The 1450 outlet is very common at RV parks, electric ovens and some public charging
stations.
To attach the PFC-40’s input cable to a common 110/120V three prong 5-15 or 5-20
plug purchase a 14-50 receptacle and make an adapter exactly as shown in figure
08. If you wish to make an adapter cord to connect your PFC-40’s input cable to a
220/240V three prong plug (like a NEMA 10-30, 10-40 or 6-50), use a 14-50
receptacle and simply disregard the middle straight neutral prong. Run the green
wire to the ground prong and then the white and black wires to either of the two hot
prongs. Since there is no neutral in the older 3 prong 220/240V plugs simply
disregard the fact that your PFC charger has a 4 prong plug on it.
Note: Any Manzanita Micro PFC-20, 30 or 40 charger can be plugged into a NEMA
14-50 outlet. The 50 amp rating is just what the outlet is capable of and the charger
will only draw as much as it is designed to use. (See figure 08.)
Running Your PFC Charger on DC instead of AC
You may have heard that Manzanita Micro chargers can run from both AC and DC
power. This is true under the right circumstances; in fact the PFC40HM is designed
to run on both AC and DC in the Pi Prius conversion kits.
NOTICE! The Manzanita Micro chargers were primarily designed to run from an AC
power source. If you are planning to run one on DC power and it is damaged, repair
work will likely NOT BE COVERED UNDER WARRANTY! It should be noted that
the primary on/off circuit breaker on the charger is only AC rated. For this
reason, we recommend installing an appropriate DC rated breaker or fuse on
the input side when powering any Manzanita charger with DC.
There are three Manzanita Micro PFC charger models which can be run off DC
power without having to make any internal adjustments to the unit. These unique
models are the standard PFC-20, the PFC-40HM and the standard PFC-50 (none of
them have buck enhancement).
If you are running a charger on DC power, it is advisable to keep the input voltage
between 100 and 390VDC. The lowest voltage that will get the charger to turn on is
about 60VDC. The absolute highest acceptable DC input voltage is 400V. NEVER
EVER EXCEED THE 400VDC MAXIMUM INPUT VOLTAGE!!
NOTE: The buck enhanced chargers including the standard PFC-30 and PFC-40
and the PFC-50B and PFC-75 chargers can be modified to run on DC by
disconnecting the buck sensor unit and adding a jumper over two pins on the main
power board. Contact Manzanita Micro for more information if you if you are really
determined to run a buck enhanced charger from a DC power source.
15
figure 07. PFC-20/30 Adapter Wiring
16
figure 08. PFC-40 Adapter Wiring
17
Reg Bus Wiring
The Reg Bus Interface:
The REG BUS communicates to the charger when any BMS regulators are
regulating and also if any regs are too hot. The charger uses this information to
determine when to turn down the charge current and when to turn off the charger.
The interface contains six wires connected with their respective pins as follows:
1. WHITE : Power supply (+5 volt DC)
2. BLACK : Reg over voltage condition (reg ON or reg hot) +5V will activate this
line and tell the charger to stop charging
3. RED : Under voltage condition – 0V on this line means under voltage active
4. GREEN : Power supply return (GND) – Refers to charger’s Batt Neg line
CAUTION: The GND return is NOT isolated on older charger models!
5. YELLOW : Rudman bus negative
6. BLUE : Rudman bus positive
Note: On the PFC Chargers the RJ plug is upside down so the pin count reads from
right to left as if backwards. Refer to figure 11 for a visual view. Also, when viewed
from the bottom of the printed circuit board, pin #1 is the square pin.
The optic components keep the local Batt POS and Batt NEG (battery or cell being
monitored) isolated from the charger’s Batt POS and Batt NEG. The +5 and GND
are powered from a 500 mA current limited power supply. All measurements are
made relative to the GND wire. It is important to verify all six of the wires are
continuous throughout the system and pin-to-pin.
NOTICE! On older models the Ground (GND) on the reg bus is also battery
negative on a PFC charger!
The primary functions of the REG BUS are:
1. Supply power to the charger side of regs.
2. Support analog data exchange from regs to charger and analog control of
charger by the regulators (or other BMS).
3. Support digital data transfer and control of regs via the Rudman Bus (modified
EVILbus).
Optimally, the charger will run full current until the first regulator gets hot, then cut
back to save that regulator and then watch for the last one to come up to
temperature to indicate that all the batteries are fully charged. With new sets of
batteries, it can take several hours for the pack to go from the first one to top off
until the last one tops off. As the batteries age and become synchronized, the time
is reduced to less than an hour. At the end of pack life, the time gets longer if the
batteries failure mode is self-discharge.
18
How hot to run the regulators during the final absorption phase of charging is a
function of the ambient temperature and how fast the vehicle needs to get back into
service. Higher heatsink temperatures will make the absorption phase take less time
but is more risky to the regulators. When the upper thermal threshold on a regulator
has been reached, the reg will pull the hot reg line to +5 volts. This will tell the
charger to stop charging until the temperature of the heat sink drops below the
thermal limit. Adding airflow across the regulators will dramatically help cooling the
regs and speed up charge equalization by allowing more dissipation.
NOTICE! Manzanita Micro strongly advises air cooling of the battery regulators for
maximum dissipation capability and longevity of the reg. For more information on
regulator cooling see the appropriate Manzanita Micro regulator manual for your
system.
Reg Bus Cable Construction;
The 6-wire RJ cable which is used to connect the regulators is a common data
transfer cable and is available at most any electronics store. The 6-pin connector
plugs are usually clear and it is easy to crimp them using an appropriate crimping
tool with a 6-pin die. These are also readily available.
NOTICE! RJ cable is quite rugged but take care not to cut or sharply bend (and/or
fatigue) the cable in order to avoid errors from broken internal wires. Additionally,
follow the proper cable construction techniques listed below and make sure that all
the wires are installed in the correct orientation. (See figure 09.)
Proper Reg bus cable construction is not difficult but it requires keen attention to
detail on the part of the person installing the plug ends onto the RJ cable. The
following steps tell how to correctly make a reg bus cable suitable for use with any 6Pin Manzanita Micro product.
Step 1:
Cut the RJ cable to the desired length. It is advisable to err on the long
side because each of the cable’s ends will be pushed to the back of their respective
RJ receptacles.
Step 2:
Strip about a quarter inch of the thick “flat” outer jacket off of each end
of the cable in order to expose the 6 colored wires inside. Most RJ crimping tools will
have a special wire stripping section with a guide which will allow you to quickly strip
the correct length of cable jacket off.
Step 3:
Hold the flat RJ cable in front of you in your left hand with one end
pointing towards you and one away from you.
Step 4:
Looking down at the cable in your hand make sure that the end facing
away from your body has the blue wire to the right side.
Step 5:
Now take an un-crimped plug-end in your right hand and with the tang
oriented on the bottom side, slide the outward facing end of the flat RJ cable into the
slot in the un-crimped plug. Make sure it is not crooked and push it all the way into
the un-crimped plug. (see figure 09.)
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figure 09. Correct RJ Cable Orientation
Step 6:
Double check that the blue wire is to the right side with the tang
down and then take the RJ crimping tool in your right hand. With your left hand push
the cable with un-crimped plug into the 6-pin die on the crimping tool.
Step 7:
While using your left hand to make sure that the RJ cable is firmly held
all the way into the connector, squeeze the crimping tool all the way with your right
hand to complete the crimp.
If you have a clear plug-end, you can look in and make sure that each of the 6 metal
pins sank all the way down into their respective wires. Give the connector a slight
tug to make sure that it is adequately fastened and now you have created a proper
reg bus RJ cable end.
Follow the same steps on the other end of the cable and you are done. NOTE!
When crimping the second end of the cable, notice that you’ll have to flip it over in
order to again orient the blue wire to the right when the connector tang is
facing down. (see figure 10. )
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figure 10. Side View of Proper RJ Cable
New 8A Control Board Additional Features
Manzanita Micro improved the original charger control interface board and began
integration into production models in mid 2010. If your charger is equipped with the
new control board it will be evident by the new front faceplate which has an extra 4
pin RJ port in between the ‘POWER’ and ‘WARN’ indicators.
Behind the blue face plate panel there are now 3 additional potentiometers which
can be adjusted to allow for two extra peak voltage settings and one extra amperage
setting. Old chargers only had the one “VOLTS TRIM” potentiometer which adjusts
the main default peak charging voltage channel “A”. The functions can be controlled
as follows:
1. Pin 1 is for voltage channel “B”. If +12 volts is applied to pin 1 using pin 4 as the
ground, then the charger will accept the peak voltage setting of the RV7 pot.
2. Pin 2 is for voltage channel “C”. If +12 volts is applied to pin 2 using pin 4 as the
ground, then the charger will accept the peak voltage setting of the RV8 pot.
3. Pin 3 is for the optional amperage channel. If +12 volts is applied to pin 3 using
pin 4 as the ground, then the charger’s main “AMPS” knob will be overridden and
amperage setting of the RV9 pot will be substituted.
4. Pin 4 is the ground return line.
NOTE: If an attempt is made to activate more than one of the voltage channels at
the same time, the pin that was first activated will be the only channel that is active.
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NOTE: Because the 4 pin RJ port is mounted to the bottom of the control board the
pin count reads from right to left as if backwards (see figure 11).
figure 11. New 8A Control Board Exposed View
VR1
RV4
J2
VR6
RV7
RV8
J6
REG BUS ADJUSTMENT THRESHOLD
MAIN VOLTS TRIM CHANNEL A (PEAK CHARGING VOLTAGE)
ORIGINAL REG BUS PORT FOR MANZANITA MICRO BMS
AUTO RESTART THRESHOLD
OPTIONAL VOLTS TRIM CHANNEL B
OPTIONAL VOLTS TRIM CHANNEL C
REMOTE CONTROL PORT FOR OPTIONAL POTENTIOMETERS
PIN 1 : VOLTS TRIM B (+12V to activate)
PIN 2 : VOLTS TRIM C (+12V to activate)
PIN 3 : OPTIONAL AMPS ADJUSTMENT (+12V to activate)
PIN 4 : GROUND / RETURN LINE
VR3 MAIN AMPS ADJUSTMENT POTENTIOMETER
RV9 OPTIONAL AMPS ADJUSTMENT POTENTIOMETER
NOTE: A four pin RJ plug must be used instead of the regular six pin that is used for
the reg bus. The four pin wiring is fairly easy to find as it is used in telephone cord
applications. If using pre-made cords carefully observe the wiring colors to make
sure that the cable is pin-to-pin where the wires are always oriented in the same way
in both cable ends just like the six pin reg bus instructions.
For more information visit: www.manzanitamicro.com
Or for technical questions or other inquiries:
Manzanita Micro
Rich Rudman
PO Box 1774
Kingston, WA 98346
Phone: 360-297-1660
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