Model MFJ-989D

Model MFJ-989D

Model MFJ-989D

INSTRUCTION MANUAL

CAUTION: Read All Instructions Before Operating Equipment

VERSION 2A

MFJ ENTERPRISES, INC.

300 Industrial Park Road

Starkville, MS 39759 USA

Tel: 662-323-5869 Fax: 662-323-6551

MFJ-989D VersaTuner V Instruction Manual

DISCLAIMER

Information in this manual is designed for user purposes only and is not intended to supersede information contained in customer regulations, technical manuals/documents, positional handbooks, or other official publications. The copy of this manual provided to the customer will not be updated to reflect current data.

Customers using this manual should report errors or omissions, recommendations for improvements, or other comments to MFJ Enterprises, 300 Industrial Park Road, Starkville, MS 39759. Phone: (662) 323-

5869; FAX: (662) 323-6551. Business hours: M-F 8-4:30 CST.

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

Introduction

Instruction Manual

Thank you for selecting the MFJ-989D. Over the years, the MFJ-989 has earned an impressive reputation as the world's most popular legal-limit tuner. Now, the "D" model features a number of important upgrades that make it even better. Because of these improvements, you'll enjoy higher efficiency, greater operating convenience, true peak-reading power measurements, extended frequency coverage, plus many more refinements in both design and appearance. Even the cabinet is new, with a nearly indestructible multi-color Lexan front panel and an interior layout that improves component Q and reduces losses. Top to bottom, the Versa Tuner-V has evolved into a truly superior piece of equipment built to deliver years of faithful service.

Circuit Overview

The MFJ-989D Versa-Tuner V incorporates five highly useful stand-alone station accessories into a single package. The block diagram below shows how these five building blocks are organized:

Transmitter

1. SWR/

Wattmeter

2. Antenna

Selector

Jumper

Wire

Coax-1

Coax-2

5.

Balun

Bal.

Line

3. Load

4.

T-Network

1.) SWR / Wattmeter: Dual-range (300W/3kW) power meter features precision cross-needle movements with LED illumination, a compensated directional coupler, and dual detectors for measuring average and instantaneous-peak power. Circuit is identical to our MFJ-815C TrueActive (TM) standalone meter.

2.) Antenna Selector Switch: Heavy-duty ceramic switch with silver-plated contacts and six positions for routing a variety of loads to your transmitter or amplifier.

3.) Dummy Load: Precision non-inductive 50-Ohm load resistor, convection cooled and rated for 300

Watts dissipation (same as the MFJ-260C Dummy Load).

4.) Legal-Limit Tuner: MFJ's proven T-network features 500-pF wide-spaced air-variable capacitors plus our unique 24-uH AirCore (TM) rotary inductor for continuous coverage of the HF spectrum.

These rugged components allow you to match virtually any antenna load you're likely to encounter.

5.) 1:1 Balun: Features two massive 2.4-inch ferrite cores wound with high-voltage polyethylene wire and terminated to rugged ceramic feed-through posts on the back panel. MFJ's top-of-the-line highpower Guanella current-style balun.

Before attempting to use your MFJ-989D for the first time, we urge you to read through the entire manual. Doing so will help you gain familiarity with all of the MFJ-989D's many functions and features.

You'll also find useful technical information applying to all tuners and solutions for difficult-to-match antennas.

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

MFJ-989D Specifications

Instruction Manual

Power Rating: 1500-Watts, SSB/CW

Matching Range: 6.5-3200 Ohms at 1500 Watts input

Configuration:

Meter Range:

T-Network with rotary inductor

300 and 3-kW forward, 60 and 600-W reflected

Meter Detection: Averaged and instantaneous-peak, active-circuit detection

Dummy Load: 50-Ohms non-inductive, 300-W, convection cooled

Antenna Selector: 6-position multi-section heavy-duty ceramic

Balun: Guanella-style 1:1 current, dual-core 2.4-inch toroid form

External Power

Dimensions:

Weight:

12-vdc, 2.1mm rear-panel jack or internal 9-Volt battery (see text).

12-7/8" W x 6" High x 11-5/8" D (32.7 x 15.2 x 29.5 cm)

9 pounds (4.08 kG)

Power Requirement

The upgraded MFJ-989D requires a power source to run its SWR/Wattmeter circuitry. Power may come from one of two sources:

1.) 9-Volt Battery: To install a 9-volt battery, access the internal holder and snap clip by removing the

12 cabinet screws and lifting off the tuner cover. The holder is mounted on the upper right corner of the front panel. We strongly recommend installing a battery, even if you intend to use an external power

source. Doing so provides backup voltage to operate the meter and also prevents the battery snap clip from floating loose inside the cabinet where it could contact high RF potentials. If you elect to omit the battery, make sure the snap clip is anchored solidly to the battery holder where it was wedged for shipping.

To extend battery life, the tuner has built-in RF-sensing that applies power to the meter electronics only when a transmit signal is applied. After a short period of transmitter inactivity, power is removed automatically.

Important Note: The 9-V battery powers only the meter electronics. It does not power the meter LEDs.

You must supply external DC to illuminate the SWR meter.

2.) 12-VDC External Power: The Meter Lamp power jack is located above the Transmitter connector on the rear panel. Apply power from any filtered dc wall adapter (MFJ-1312D or equivalent), or use your station's 13.8-Vdc supply. A cord fitted with a 2.1-mm plug is supplied with the tuner for this purpose. If you make your own supply cord, connect +12 volts to the center pin and ground the outer

sleeve, as shown below:

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V Instruction Manual

+

-

+ 2.1 mm

-

Important Note: You don't need to disconnect the battery when using external dc power. It is protected from back-feed and won't be damaged by the other source.

Important Warning: Never connect an ac-voltage or positive-ground source to the Meter Lamp jack or permanent damage may result!

Front Panel Layout

5 6

0

TRANSMITTER

1

2

10

4

Coax-1

ANTENNA

SELECTOR

Coax-2

Dummy

Load

0

Wire/Bal

Line

Coax-2 Direct

Coax-1 Direct

ANTENNA

10

RANGE POWER LAMP

Hi PK

On

Low

Avg

Off

7

8

9

MFJ VersaTuner V

3

INDUCTANCE

0 5 0

MFJ-989D

1.) Transmitter Tuning Capacitor: Series capacitor on the Transmitter side of the T-network.

Maximum capacity at 0 knob setting and minimum capacity at 10.*

2. Antenna Tuning Capacitor: Series capacitor on the Antenna side of the T-network. Maximum capacity at 0 and minimum capacity at 10.*

3. Rotary Inductor: Continuously adjustable shunt Inductor with maximum inductance at 000 and minimum inductance at 090.*

4. Antenna Selector: Routes signals inside the tuner and selects Antenna.

5. Forward Power Scale: Displays Forward Power (300-W or 3-kW scale).

6. Reflected Power Scale: Displays Reflected Power (60-Watt or 600-Watt scale).

7. Range HI/LO: Selects the metering circuit power range (x1, x10).

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

8. Power PK/AVG: Selects the meter detection (Peak or Average).**

Instruction Manual

9. Lamp On/Off: Turns meter's LED lighting on or off.**

NOTE* The control scales track frequency rather than component value. Tuned circuits typically require progressively lower values of L and C as frequency increases.

NOTE** External 12-volt source is required for LED lighting.

Rear Panel Layout

BAL LINE

6

WIRE

7

GND

5

Install Jumper For

Balanced Line

Operation

<

COAX-1

COAX-2

3

4

METER LAMP

1

12V DC

TRANSMITTER

2

1. Meter Lamp: 2.1-mm coaxial power jack accepts 12 vdc to operate the LED meter lamps and the metering circuit (see text)

2. Transmitter: Accepts PL-259, connects transceiver or amplifier to tuner.

3. Coax-1: Accepts PL-259, connects antenna #1 to tuner routing switch.

4. Coax-2: Accepts PL-259, connects antenna #2 to tuner routing switch.

5. GND: Chassis ground, connects tuner to station's ground system.

6. Bal Line: Antenna side of the 1:1 balun, accepts balanced feedlines.

7. Wire: terminal post (Wire) accepts single-wire antennas. To feed balanced antennas through the balun, the Wire terminal is connected to the terminal post below with a jumper (see text).

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

Installing the MFJ-989D

T he block diagram below shows a typical tuner installation.

Ant #3

Balanced

Feed

Wire

Gnd

Tuner

Jumper

Coax-1

Coax-2

Meter

Lamp

Transmitter

Line

Gnd

Radio

Instruction Manual

Station

Ground

Ant #1 Ant #2

+12 vdc

Here are some important installation guidelines:

1.) Tuner Location: Position the tuner for convenient access to all front panel controls. However, make sure you cannot make accidental contact with RF-energized open-wire lines or longwire lead-ins connected to the rear panel (serious RF burns could result). Also, never operate the tuner with the cover

removed!

2.) Transmitter Patch Cable: Use a short direct connection between your transmitter and the tuner. The cable should be good-quality 50-Ohm stock that is rated for the full amount of power you intend to run.

Also, never install a balun between the tuner and transmitter or string ferrite beads on the cable!

3.) Tuner Grounding: Connect the tuner chassis directly to your station's ground system. Don't rely on the patch cable to ground the tuner to your radio or amplifier.

4.) Lightning Protection: Make provisions to disconnect all antennas from your station in the event of violent weather. Lightning arrestors may reduce damage from nearby strikes, but only disconnection can reduce the odds of damage from a direct hit.

Important Warnings: Never install the tuner where you could come in contact with exposed open

wire lines connected to the rear panel. Also, never operate with the tuner cover removed. Finally, always disconnect all antennas at the first sign of electrical storm activity!

As previously noted, the MFJ-989D incorporates five very useful station accessories into a single package. Here are operating instructions for each one, beginning with the power meter and SWR bridge.

SWR/Wattmeter

The SWR bridge is configured at the Transmitter (or input) side of the tuner and it is always in-line with the transmitter, regardless of the Antenna Selector setting. To measure forward and reflected power:

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

[ ] Select a forward Power range (LO for 300-W or HI for 3-kW).

[ ] Select PK for peak-power readings or AVG for average-power readings.

[ ] View the Forward scale to read incident power.

Instruction Manual

[ ] View the Reflected scale to read reverse power.

[ ] For SWR, find the red curve closest to where the two meter pointers intersect. The red SWR curves provide a reliable estimate of SWR without the inconvenience of adjusting a sensitivity control to calibrate the meter. Each red line on the meter is marked with a SWR value.

1.) Power Readings: For continuous carrier (CW or FM) modes, Peak and Average power readings should measure virtually the same. For SSB voice, Peak readings may measure 3 to 5 times higher than the Average power, depending on speech characteristics and the amount of speech processing being used. Two-tone-test Peak readings should measure twice the Average power readings. Readings taken along the upper two-thirds of the meter scale are typically more accurate than those made along the lower third.

2.) Measuring Power with SWR: When measuring transmitter power into a mismatched load indicating reflected power, remember to subtract the Reflected Power reading from the Forward Power reading: (Po = FP - RP).

3.) Precision SWR Readings: To obtain precise SWR data using the split meters, write down the

Forward and Reflected power measurements (in Watts) and plug them into the formula shown below:

SWR =

1 + Pr

Pf

1 - Pr

Pf

Antenna Selector

Pr = Reflected Power

Pf = Forward Power

The Antenna Selector is a heavy-duty six-position RF switch that routes the tuner's Transmitter input line as described below:

Coax-1 Direct: Transmit line passes directly to Coax-1 output.

Coax-2 Direct: Transmit line passes directly to Coax-2 output.

Dummy Load: Transmit line passes directly to the internal 50-Ohm load.

Coax-1: Transmit line goes through the T-network to Coax-1 output.

Coax-2: Transmit line goes through the T-network to Coax-2 output.

Wire/Bal. Line: Transmit line goes through the T-network to the Wire terminal post.

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

Instruction Manual

Always check the position of the Antenna Selector before applying RF power! If you fail to do so, you may accidentally dump 1500 Watts into the 300-Watt dummy load with catastrophic results or find yourself trying to adjust the tuner's controls while the network is bypassed! Also, never rotate the

Antenna Selector when RF power is being applied! "Hot switching" will cause severe arcing and burning of the switch contacts -- and the sudden load interruption could damage your transmitter.

Important Warning: When operating your tuner, always check the position of the Antenna Selector before applying RF power. Also, never change the Antenna Selector when RF power is applied!

Dummy Load

The tuner's internal dummy load features a precision non-inductive power resistor that maintains low

SWR across the entire HF spectrum. The load performs two important functions:

1.) Normalizing Transmitters To 50-Ohms: Use the load to pre-tune older transceivers or vintage transmitters with tube-type PA amplifiers to normalize them for 50-Ohm output prior to routing through the T-network.

2.) Accurately Measuring Transmitter Power: Use the load to check any radio running 300 Watts or less for true peak-power power or average power output through the tuner's precision wattmeter.

The Dummy Load resistor is convection cooled through the bottom of the cabinet and is rated to safely dissipate 300-Watts of applied RF for up to 30-seconds at a time. The minimum cool-down period between power applications is specified at 2-minutes. Longer tune-up durations are possible at lower power levels, but the continuous-duty power rating of the resistor is 25 Watts, so you must adjust the key-down time accordingly.

Never apply power levels exceeding 300-Watts for even short durations. Doing so could permanently alter the resistor's value or catastrophically destroy it. Heat damage to other tuner components could result, as well!

Important Warning: Never tune a high-power linear amplifier into the MFJ-989D Dummy Load or permanent damage will result!

1:1 Balun

A built-in Guanella-style current balun is used to transition from the tuner's unbalanced Wire terminal to the Bal. Line output. The balun is wound on two massive 2.4-inch toroid cores with heavy polyethylenedielectric wire to ensure a high breakdown voltage for handling difficult high-impedance loads.

Windings are terminated to ceramic terminal posts mounted on the back panel, with a fourth lead permanently grounded to the chassis (see diagram next page):

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V Instruction Manual

Bal. Line

Balun

Wire

Install

<

Jumper Wire

To place the balun in line and energize the Bal. Line terminals, connect a Jumper from the unbalanced

Wire terminal post to the terminal post directly below it. The jumper-wire path is labeled on back panel for reference. Note that the T-network is always in line when the Antenna Selector is switched to the

Wire/Bal. Line position.

T-Network

1

.) The Network Configuration: The T-network gets its name from the distinctive shape of the components making it up (shown below):

Transmitter Antenna

>

Inductor

This network configuration is especially practical for amateur-radio tuners because it can match an unusually wide range of loads into 50-Ohm equipment. The T-configuration using two series capacitors and a shunt inductor belongs to the high-pass filter family and, as such, it does little to suppress transmitter harmonics. However, modern transceivers and amplifiers must meet stringent harmonic suppression requirements on their own to satisfy FCC requirements, so there's little need for highfrequency suppression in the tuner.

2.) The C-high L-low Rule: With three tunable elements(C-L-C), the T-Network is able to provide a low-SWR match into a 50-Ohms system using many different component value combinations. As a rule of thumb, we always look for a combination using the largest amount of capacitance (lower knob settings) in combination with the smallest amount of inductance (higher counter setting). This ratio ensures the lowest loss and greatest power handling capability -- with less chance of arcing over. When tuning, it may help to recall the phrase: "See (C) high and look (L) low".

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V Instruction Manual

3.) Mechanical Considerations: When setting up, always confirm the Antenna Selector is on the correct setting and firmly latched in place before applying power. Also, when tuning the rotary inductor, note that its range spans from 000 to approximately 090 on the counter dial. Crank slowly as you approach the end settings to avoid slamming the inductor roller into the stops.

4.) Applying Power During Adjustment: If you normally run a high-power amplifier (greater than 100-

W), leave it out-of-line and tune the antenna for a 1:1 match using only your station transceiver (or an

antenna analyzer).

5.) Tube-Type Output Stages: Always pre-tune transceivers or vintage transmitters with a tube-type PA into a 50-Ohm load prior to routing them through the T-network. Then, leave them set where they are

(normalized to 50-Ohms) and let the tuner do the matching!

Important Warning: Never apply high power to the MFJ-989D before it has been fully adjusted for minimum SWR. Always tune unknown antenna loads using the least amount of power needed to obtain a useful SWR reading (25 Watts or less).

6.) Antenna Analyzers: As an alternative to using a transceiver, you may also use an antenna analyzer to tune an unknown load. Connect the analyzer to the tuner's Transmitter connector, set if for the desired frequency, and refer to its SWR display as you adjust the tuner's controls. Using an analyzer eliminates

QRM to other stations while you are experimenting to find the best L/C settings.

Step-By-Step Tuning Procedure

Important Warning: Never apply high power during the antenna tuning procedure!

[ ] Switch the Antenna Selector to the desired antenna.

[ ] Set the SWR Meter's Range switch to AVG and set the Power switch to LO.

[ ] Set the Antenna and Transmitter capacitors to the appropriate value shown below:

160 M:

80 M:

75 M:

40 M:

0

1

2

3

20 M: 4

17 M: 6

15 M: 7

12 M: 8

30 M: 3-1/2 10 M: 8-1/2

[ ] Preset Inductor to the highest number (090) (least amount of inductance).

[ ] Apply low power (25-Watts or less)

[ ] Rotate the Inductor knob counter-clockwise to add progressively more inductance.

[ ] Watching SWR, adjust Inductor for lowest reflected and highest forward Power.

To bring Reflected Power readings lower, continue tuning using the following procedure:

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

[ ] Readjust Antenna, Inductor, and Transmitter (in that order) for lowest SWR.

Instruction Manual

[ ] Repeat as needed, until Reflected Power falls as close to zero as you can get it.

If you weren't able to achieve zero Reflected Power (1:1 SWR), try turning the Inductor counterclockwise to a lower number (adding slightly more inductance). Then, repeat the prescribed tuning sequence (Antenna > Inductor > Transmitter). Try to find the lowest front panel capacitor settings that will allow you to obtain minimum SWR.

The chart below shows sample control settings for a MFJ-989D recorded in our lab using 50-Ohm unbalanced and 600-Ohm balanced loads. Your optimum settings will vary somewhat, depending on the characteristics of your particular antenna.

Frequency

(MHz)

Transmitter Inductor Counter Antenna

Load (

Ω)

1.8 0.5 41 0.5

1.8 0 11 0 600

2.0 0.5 48 0.5

2.0 1 21 0 600

3.5 .5 70 2

3.5 5 49 0 600

3.75 1 70 2.5

3.75 5.5 50 0 600

4.0 2 72 3

4.0 6 52 3 600

7.15 0.5 80 3.5

7.15 7.5 69 0 600

10.1 0 79 4.5

10.1 8 75 0 600

14.2 3.5 73 5.5

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

Frequency

(MHz)

Transmitter Inductor Counter Antenna

Instruction Manual

Load (

Ω)

14.2 9 80 0

18.1 7 87 8 50

18.1 10 83 0

21.2 8 88 8.5 50

21.2 9 85 0

24.9 8 89 9 50

24.9 10 86.5 4

28.5 8.5 90 9 50

28.5 10 88.5 5

Once you've reduced SWR to a minimum, go ahead and advance transmitter power to 100 Watts. The added power should increase the Reflected Power meter-scale deflection enough for a touch-up of the

Antenna and Transmitter controls. With the tuner properly adjusted, it is now safe to bring your amplifier on line.

[ ] Set the meter's Range switch to Hi (3-kW).

[ ] Set your amplifier's Band Switch, Tune, and Load controls to the desired frequency.

[ ] Apply power, peaking the amplifier's Tune and Load controls for maximum output.

Follow the amplifier manufacturer's prescribed tuning procedure, paying attention to grid or screen current. Once you've optimized tuner settings and peaked the amplifier for maximum output, don't reset the tuner controls. If arcing or component heating occur because of an extreme load condition, reduce transmitter power and explore taking corrective action for your antenna system.

A Word About BIG Amplifiers

Many linear amplifiers are capable of exceeding the 1500-Watt legal power limit -- some delivering

2800 Watts or more! These BIG amplifiers should always be tuned up for their maximum rated output.

However, don't tune them it through the MFJ-989D, or permanent damage to the routing switch and other internal components may result!

If it becomes necessary use your MFJ-989D in conjunction with a BIG amplifier, always pre-tune the

amplifier for maximum output into an external 50-Ohm dummy load that is completely isolated from the

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V Instruction Manual

MFJ-989D! Then, reduce exciter power to bring output well below 1500-Watts before connecting to your tuner. After it is connected, you can readjust the exciter while monitoring amplifier's power on the tuner's wattmeter. When running SSB, be sure to use the SWR / Wattmeter's PK (peak power) setting for a true readings on voice peaks!

Never tune up a BIG amplifier using low drive as a strategy to limit its output power (except as an early step in the manufacturer's tune-up procedure to reduce component stress). To maintain linearity and proper loading, these amplifiers should always be tuned to full power following the manual's complete tuning procedure. Then, and only then, is it acceptable to reduce drive to drop output power. And, even this strategy may not be foolproof! Most transceivers use ALC voltage to control drive level, and some radios suffer from severe ALC overshoot. ALC overshoot occurs when the radio's ALC circuit responds to sudden amplitude changes too slowly, allowing high-power transients to slip past. If strong enough, these momentary spikes may cause a flashover in the tuner! The best policy is always to match the power rating of your tuner to the power rating of your amplifier.

Tuner Operating Notes

1.) Tuning Range: The MFJ-989D uses component values carefully chosen to provide the widest possible tuning range. However, there are limits! If an extreme load condition requires more or less capacitance than the network components can provide, SWR may not be reduced to 1:1. Normally, this isn't a problem, but if the residual SWR is higher than the radio's SWR detection circuitry can handle

(typically 2:1), you may need to change the length of the antenna radiator or its feedline in order to bring the load impedance back within the tuner's range. Extreme load conditions may also lead to arcing or component heating in the tuner, so they should always be corrected!

2.) Tuner Settings: The "C-high L-low" rule of thumb always applies. Look for the lowest knob settings for the Transmitter and Antenna controls -- along with the highest Inductor counter setting -- when minimizing SWR.

3.) Inductance-Counter Reset: If stressed, the Inductor counter could slip out of calibration. To correct the problem, first turn Inductor fully counter-clockwise until the inductor roller hits the stop. Then, using a stiff piece of buss wire, a small screw driver, or a pencil, push the reset button which is accessed through a hole located to the right of the counter window. This action resets the counter to 000.

4.) Logging: It pays to log all three tuner settings along with the frequency and antenna in use for each operating setup you make. Use the blank logging chart provided at the rear of the manual and make a copy. Not only does logging reduce future set up time to a minimum, it also notifies you immediately if something has changed out at the antenna site! Commercial stations keep tuner logs, and with good reason!

Warnings

Here's a recap of some important warnings to keep in mind when operating your tuner:

1.) Install so RF-energized terminals and wires are not exposed.

2.) Never operate the tuner with the cover removed!

3.) Never change the Antenna Selector setting while transmitting.

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

4.) Disconnect all antennas from your building during lightning storms.

5.) Always tune antennas with low power (25 Watts or less for initial adjustments).

6.) Confirm tuner is adjusted for minimum SWR before applying high power.

7.) Never exceed the 1500-Watt legal power limit through your tuner!

Instruction Manual

In Case Of Difficulty

1.) Tuner Fails To Reduce SWR: Double-check all connections and repeat the tuning procedure again.

2.) Tuner Arcs: If arcing occurs at rated power levels, double-check all connections and repeat the tuning procedure. Confirm you are using the least inductance (highest number) and the most

capacitance (lowest number) possible to match the load. If tuner still arcs (especially on 160 Meters), reduce power and check your antenna system for extreme load conditions.

3.) RFI Problems: Keep radiating wires such as those feeding classic Windoms, long-wires, Ts, or inverted-Ls away from other wiring. To further reduce RFI, run the wire parallel and reasonably close to the station's ground line. Also, use heavily insulated wire wherever possible to prevent arcing!

4.) RF-Grounding: A good RF ground is essential, especially when using a single-wire feed, because the tuner needs a counterpoise to help it force current into the radiating line. Lacking a good ground, RF has a habit of finding its way into power lines (RFI), audio circuits (RF feedback), and you (RF burns).

Don't rely on water pipes, short copper rods, or "dc" grounds for a antenna counterpoise. RF grounds work better when spread out over a large area with multiple connections to the equipment ground point.

A RF-radial system or multi-wire counterpoise is ideal because it provides a large low resistance mat to reinforce the antenna. If installing a good RF ground isn't possible, it's best to avoid using unbalanced monopole designs that depend on ground reinforcement. Regardless of antenna type, always use whatever resource is available (ground rods, pipes, etc) as a safety ground for both you and your equipment.

5.) Skin Effect: RF and lightning travel on the surface of conductors. Braided or woven conductors have relatively high surface resistance to lightning and RF, so ground leads should always have a smooth metallic high-conductivity outer layer with as much surface area as possible.

Important Warning: For operator safety, always install a good earth ground and connect it directly to the case of the MFJ-989D. A terminal post marked GND is provided on the back panel for a secure connection.

Antenna System Hints

1.) Location: End-fed long-wires should measure at least one quarter-wavelength at their operating frequency. Horizontal dipoles should span at least a half-wavelength and be installed as high and in the clear as possible. Good RF ground systems become especially important when using longwires or other

Marconi-style antennas.

2.) The High-Impedance Problem: Most matching problems involve high-Z loads appearing at the tuner end of the feedline. If you feed a low-impedance antenna with an odd quarter-wavelength of line, the load will invert to a high impedance at the far end. And, if you feed a high-impedance antenna with an

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V Instruction Manual

even half-wave length of line, the load will be repeated at the far end. Either condition can turn a perfectly good radiator into something difficult or impossible to tune. Extreme High-Z loads are "the enemy" because they produce RF-potentials topping several thousand volts to invite insulation breakdown, arcing, and RF heating.

3.) Correcting Problems: The following strategies will help you to prevent most matching problems:

[ ] Never center feed a doublet style multi-band antenna with high-impedance feedline measuring near an odd-multiple of a quarter wave.

[ ] Never center feed a full-wave antenna with any feedline measuring near an even multiple of a halfwave.

[ ] If the tuner doesn't match one particular band on your multi-band array, try adding or subtracting

1/8-wave of feedline (as measured on the dysfunctional band).

[ ] Never try to load a G5RV or a center-fed dipole on any band below its half-wave design frequency.

[ ] To operate a 80 meter dipole on 160 meters, it's best to short the feed conductors at the tuner and load it as a long-wire or "T" against the station ground. When fed conventionally, this antenna will be extremely reactive with only a few ohms of feed-point resistance. In other words, it will be nearly impossible to match.

[ ] When feeding any dipole with high-impedance line, use the approximate lengths shown in the table below. Note that the worst possible lengths are also shown:

160-meter dipole: 35-60, 170-195, 210-235 feet

80-meter dipole: 34-40, 90-102, 160-172 feet

[Avoid 130, 260 ft]

[Avoid 66, 135, 190 ft]

40-meter dipole: 42-52, 73-83, 112-123, 145-155 feet [Avoid 32, 64, 96, 128 ft]

*Some slight trimming or adding of length may be necessary to accommodate the higher bands.

Factory Technical Assistance

If you have any problem with your MFJ-989D, first check the appropriate section of this manual. If the manual does not reference the problem or succeed in solving it, call (a.) MFJ Technical Service at 662-

323-0549 or (b.) the MFJ Factory at 662-323-5869. For best service, have the unit, its manual, and a full description of your station setup handy so you can answer any questions the technician may ask.

You may also send questions by mail to MFJ Enterprises, INC., 300 Industrial Park Road, Starkville,

MS 39759; by Facsimile (FAX) to 662-323-6551; or by email to [email protected] Send a complete description of your problem, an explanation of exactly how you are using your tuner, and a complete description of your station.

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MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

Tuner Log

Instruction Manual

Use the chart below to log tuner settings for your station. You may want to copy this chart and post it by your tuner.

Frequency Transmitter

1.8

1.8

2.0

2.0

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.75

3.75

3.75

4.0

4.0

4.0

7.15

7.15

10.1

10.1

14.2

18.1

18.1

21.2

21.2

24.9

28.5

Inductor Antenna

17

MFJ-989D VersaTuner V

NOTES:

18

Instruction Manual

MFJ-989D VersaTuner V Instruction Manual

FULL 12 MONTH WARRANTY

MFJ Enterprises, Inc. warrants to the original owner of this product, if manufactured by MFJ

Enterprises, Inc. and purchased from an authorized dealer or directly from MFJ Enterprises, Inc. to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of 12 months from date of purchase provided the following terms of this warranty are satisfied.

1. The purchaser must retain the dated proof-of-purchase (bill of sale, canceled check, credit card or money order receipt, etc.) describing the product to establish the validity of the warranty claim and submit the original of machine reproduction or such proof of purchase to MFJ Enterprises,

Inc. at the time of warranty service. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. shall have the discretion to deny warranty without dated proof-of-purchase. Any evidence of alteration, erasure, or forgery shall be cause to void any and all warranty terms immediately.

2. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. agrees to repair or replace at MFJ's option without charge to the original owner any defective product under warrantee provided the product is returned postage prepaid to

MFJ Enterprises, Inc. with a personal check, cashiers check, or money order for $7.00 covering postage and handling.

3. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. will supply replacement parts free of charge for any MFJ product under warranty upon request. A dated proof of purchase and a $5.00 personal check, cashiers check, or money order must be provided to cover postage and handling. warranty NOT void for owners who attempt to repair defective units. Technical consultation is available by calling (601) 323-5869.

5. This warranty does not apply to kits sold by or manufactured by MFJ Enterprises, Inc.

6. Wired and tested PC board products are covered by this warranty provided only the wired and

tested PC board product is returned. Wired and tested PC boards installed in the owner's cabinet or connected to switches, jacks, or cables, etc. sent to MFJ Enterprises, Inc. will be returned at the owner's expense unrepaired.

7. Under no circumstances is MFJ Enterprises, Inc. liable for consequential damages to person or property by the use of any MFJ products.

8. Out-of-Warranty Service: MFJ Enterprises, Inc. will repair any out-of-warranty product provided the unit is shipped prepaid. All repaired units will be shipped COD to the owner.

Repair charges will be added to the COD fee unless other arrangements are made.

9. This warranty is given in lieu of any other warranty expressed or implied.

10. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. reserves the right to make changes or improvements in design or manufacture without incurring any obligation to install such changes upon any of the products previously manufactured.

11. All MFJ products to be serviced in-warranty or out-of-warranty should be addressed to MFJ

Enterprises, Inc., 300 Industrial Park Road, Starkville, Mississippi 39759, USA and must be accompanied by a letter describing the problem in detail along with a copy of your dated proofof-purchase.

12. This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.

19

300 Industrial Park Road

Starkville, MS 39759

MFJ-989D Manual

Version 2A

Printed In U.S.A.

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