EnGenius ECB9500
11N Wireless Gigabit
Multi-Function Client Bridge
User’s Manual
Version: 1.0
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
Table of Contents
1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 5
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
2
UNDERSTANDING THE HARDWARE ................................................................................................. 9
2.1
2.2
3
FEATURES AND BENEFITS ...........................................................................................................5
PACKAGE CONTENTS .................................................................................................................6
SAFETY GUIDELINES ..................................................................................................................7
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................7
APPLICATIONS ...........................................................................................................................7
NETWORK CONFIGURATION.........................................................................................................8
HARDWARE INSTALLATION ...........................................................................................................9
IP ADDRESS CONFIGURATION .....................................................................................................9
WEB CONFIGURATION ......................................................................................................................11
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.2.5.1
3.2.5.2
3.2.5.2.1
3.2.5.2.2
3.2.5.2.3
3.2.5.2.4
3.2.5.2.4.1
3.2.5.2.4.2
3.2.5.2.4.3
3.2.5.2.4.4
3.2.5.2.5
3.2.5.2.6
3.2.5.2.7
3.2.5.2.8
3.2.5.3
3.2.5.3.1
3.2.5.3.2
3.2.5.3.3
3.2.5.3.3.1
3.2.5.3.3.2
3.2.5.3.3.3
3.2.5.3.3.4
3.2.5.3.4
3.2.5.3.5
3.2.5.3.6
3.2.5.4
3.2.5.4.1
3.2.5.4.2
3.2.5.4.3
3.2.5.4.4
3.2.5.4.4.1
3.2.5.4.4.2
3.2.5.4.4.3
3.2.5.4.4.4
3.2.5.4.5
3.2.5.4.6
3.2.5.5
LOGGING IN............................................................................................................................. 11
SYSTEM ..................................................................................................................................12
STATUS ...................................................................................................................................13
SCHEDULE ..............................................................................................................................13
EVENT LOG .............................................................................................................................14
STATISTICS..............................................................................................................................15
WIRELESS OPERATING MODES..................................................................................................16
SWITCHING BETWEEN OPERATING MODES ..................................................................................16
ACCESS POINT OPERATING MODE ............................................................................................17
STATUS ...................................................................................................................................17
BASIC .....................................................................................................................................17
ADVANCED ..............................................................................................................................19
WIRELESS SECURITY MODE......................................................................................................20
SECURITY DISABLED ................................................................................................................20
WEP (WIRED EQUIVALENT PRIVACY).........................................................................................21
WPA (WI-FI PROTECTED ACCESS) / PRE-SHARED KEY ...............................................................22
WPA RADIUS (802.1X) ..........................................................................................................23
WPS (WI-FI PROTECTED SETUP) .............................................................................................24
CLIENT LIST ............................................................................................................................26
VLAN ....................................................................................................................................26
WMM (WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA)................................................................................................26
CLIENT BRIDGE OPERATING MODE............................................................................................28
STATUS ...................................................................................................................................28
BASIC .....................................................................................................................................28
WIRELESS SECURITY MODE......................................................................................................30
SECURITY DISABLED ................................................................................................................30
WEP (WIRED EQUIVALENT PRIVACY).........................................................................................30
WPA (WI-FI PROTECTED ACCESS) / PRE-SHARED KEY ...............................................................32
WPA RADIUS (802.1X) ..........................................................................................................33
AP PROFILE ............................................................................................................................34
CLIENT LIST ............................................................................................................................35
WMM (WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA)................................................................................................35
WDS OPERATING MODE ..........................................................................................................37
STATUS ...................................................................................................................................37
BASIC .....................................................................................................................................37
ADVANCED ..............................................................................................................................39
WIRELESS SECURITY MODE......................................................................................................40
SECURITY DISABLED ................................................................................................................40
WEP (WIRED EQUIVALENT PRIVACY).........................................................................................41
WPA (WI-FI PROTECTED ACCESS) / PRE-SHARED KEY ...............................................................42
WPA RADIUS (802.1X) ..........................................................................................................43
CLIENT LIST ............................................................................................................................44
WMM (WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA)................................................................................................45
REPEATER OPERATING MODE ...................................................................................................45
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Table of Contents
3.2.5.5.1
3.2.5.5.2
3.2.5.5.3
3.2.5.5.4
3.2.5.5.4.1
3.2.5.5.4.2
3.2.5.5.4.3
3.2.5.5.4.4
3.2.5.5.5
3.2.5.5.6
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.3.1
3.3.3.2
3.3.3.3
3.3.3.4
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.5.4
STATUS ...................................................................................................................................46
BASIC .....................................................................................................................................46
ADVANCED ..............................................................................................................................47
WIRELESS SECURITY MODE......................................................................................................49
SECURITY DISABLED ................................................................................................................49
WEP (WIRED EQUIVALENT PRIVACY).........................................................................................49
WPA (WI-FI PROTECTED ACCESS) / PRE-SHARED KEY ...............................................................51
WPA RADIUS (802.1X) ..........................................................................................................52
CLIENT LIST ............................................................................................................................53
WMM (WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA)................................................................................................53
NETWORK ...............................................................................................................................54
STATUS ...................................................................................................................................54
LAN / DHCP CLIENT, SERVER ..................................................................................................55
WAN (BRIDGE/ROUTER) ..........................................................................................................56
WAN – STATIC IP ADDRESS ......................................................................................................56
WAN – DYNAMIC IP ADDRESS...................................................................................................57
WAN – PPPOE ......................................................................................................................58
WAN – PPTP.........................................................................................................................59
MANAGEMENT .........................................................................................................................60
ADMIN ....................................................................................................................................60
SNMP ...................................................................................................................................61
FIRMWARE UPGRADE ...............................................................................................................61
RESTORE TO FACTORY DEFAULT ...............................................................................................62
BACKUP SETTINGS ...................................................................................................................63
RESTORE SETTINGS .................................................................................................................63
TOOLS ....................................................................................................................................64
TIME ZONE ..............................................................................................................................64
POWER SAVING .......................................................................................................................65
DIAGNOSIS ..............................................................................................................................65
RESET ....................................................................................................................................65
APPENDIX A – SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................................................66
HARDWARE SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................................66
RADIO SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................................66
SOFTWARE FEATURES ..................................................................................................................................67
MANAGEMENT .............................................................................................................................................68
ENVIRONMENT & PHYSICAL ...........................................................................................................................68
APPENDIX B – FCC INTERFERENCE STATEMENT...................................................................................69
INDEX ............................................................................................................................................................70
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Revision History
Version
Date
Notes
1.0
July 12, 2008
Initial Version
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1 Introduction
The Multi-function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge is an 802.11n-draft compliant device
that delivers up to 6x faster speeds than 802.11g while staying backward compatible with
802.11g and 802.11b devices.
The Wireless Client Bridge, Access Point, and Repeater/WDS built into the device uses
advanced MIMO (Multi-Input, Multi-Output) technology to transmit multiple steams of
data in a single wireless channel. The robust signal travels farther, maintaining wireless
connections up to 3 times further than standard 802.11g, eliminates dead spots and
extends network range.
To protect the data and privacy, the device can encode all wireless transmissions with
64/128-bit encryption as well as serves as your network's DHCP Server, In addition, the
device also provides easy configuration through the web-browser.
The incredible speed and QoS function of 802.11n (draft2.0) makes it ideal for mediacentric applications like streaming video, gaming, and VoIP telephony. It is designed to
run multiple media-intense data streams through the network at the same time, with no
degradation in performance.
This chapter describes the features & benefits, package contents, applications, and
network configuration.
1.1 Features and Benefits
Features
Benefits
High Speed Data Rate Up to
Capable of handling heavy data payloads such as
300Mbps
MPEG video streaming
IEEE 802.11n draft Compliant
and backward compatible with
802.11b/g
Fully interoperable with IEEE 802.11b/g/n devices
IEEE 802.11b/g Compliant
Fully Interoperable with IEEE 802.11b/IEEE802.11g
compliant devices
Multi-Function
Users can use different mode in various environment
Point-to-point, Point-to-
Let users transfer data between two buildings or
multipoint Wireless Connectivity
multiple buildings
WDS (Wireless Distributed
Make wireless AP and Bridge mode simultaneously
System)
as a wireless repeater
Universal Repeater
The easiest way to expand your wireless network's
coverage
Support Multi-SSID function (4
Multiple SSIDs serve as multiple APs which allow
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SSID) in AP mode
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administrator to assign different policies for specific
user groups.
WPA2/WPA/ IEEE 802.1x
Powerful data security
support
802.1x Supplicant support (CB
More powerful data security in Client Bridge mode
mode)
MAC address filtering in AP
Ensures secure network connection
mode
User isolation support (AP
Protect the private network between client users.
mode)
PPPoE function support (CR
Easy to access internet via ISP service
mode)
authentication
Power-over-Ethernet
Flexible Access Point locations and cost savings
(IEEE802.3af)
Keep personal setting
Keep the latest setting when firmware upgrade
Support RSSI indicator bar (CB
Users can select the best signal to connect with AP
mode)
easily
SNMP Remote Configuration
Help administrators to remotely configure or manage
Management
the Access Point easily.
QoS (WMM) support
Allow administrators to control connection bandwidth
and quality based on various rules.
1.2 Package Contents
Open the package carefully, and make sure that none of the items listed below are
missing. Do not discard the packing materials, in case of return; the unit must be shipped
in its original package.
h
h
h
h
h
One Wireless N Multi-function Client Bridge
One 12V/1.25A 90V~240V Power Adapter
Three 2dBi 2.4GHz Dipole Antennas
One CD-ROM with User’s Manual
One Quick Guide
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1.3 Safety Guidelines
In order to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock and injury, please adhere to the following
safety guidelines.
h
h
h
h
h
h
h
h
Carefully follow the instructions in this manual; also follow all instruction labels
on this device.
Except for the power adapter supplied, this device should not be connected to
any other adapters.
Do not spill liquid of any kind on this device.
Do not place the unit on an unstable stand or table. This unit may drop and
become damaged.
Do not expose this unit to direct sunlight.
Do not place any hot devices close to this unit, as they may degrade or cause
damage to the unit.
Do not place any heavy objects on top of this unit.
Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a soft dry cloth for cleaning.
1.4 System Requirements
The following are the minimum system requirements in order configure the device.
h PC/AT compatible computer with a Ethernet interface.
h Operating system that supports HTTP web-browser
1.5 Applications
The wireless LAN products are easy to install and highly efficient. The following list
describes some of the many applications made possible through the power and flexibility
of wireless LANs:
a) Difficult-to-wire environments
There are many situations where wires cannot be laid easily. Historic
buildings, older buildings, open areas and across busy streets make the
installation of LANs either impossible or very expensive.
b) Temporary workgroups
Consider situations in parks, athletic arenas, exhibition centers, disasterrecovery, temporary offices and construction sites where one wants a
temporary WLAN established and removed.
c) The ability to access real-time information
Doctors/nurses, point-of-sale employees, and warehouse workers can
access real-time information while dealing with patients, serving customers
and processing information.
d) Frequently changed environments
Show rooms, meeting rooms, retail stores, and manufacturing sites where
frequently rearrange the workplace.
e) Small Office and Home Office (SOHO) networks
SOHO users need a cost-effective, easy and quick installation of a small
network.
f) Wireless extensions to Ethernet networks
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Network managers in dynamic environments can minimize the overhead
caused by moves, extensions to networks, and other changes with wireless
LANs.
g) Wired LAN backup
Network managers implement wireless LANs to provide backup for missioncritical applications running on wired networks.
h) Training/Educational facilities
Training sites at corporations and students at universities use wireless
connectivity to ease access to information, information exchanges, and
learning.
1.6 Network Configuration
To better understand how the wireless LAN products work together to create a
wireless network, it might be helpful to depict a few of the possible wireless LAN PC
card network configurations. The wireless LAN products can be configured as:
a) Ad-hoc (or peer-to-peer) for departmental or SOHO LANs.
b) Infrastructure for enterprise LANs.
a) Ad-hoc (peer-to-peer) Mode
This is the simplest network
configuration
with
several
computers equipped with the PC
Cards that form a wireless
network whenever they are
within range of one another. In
ad-hoc mode, each client is
peer-to-peer, would only have
access to the resources of the
other client and does not require
an access point. This is the
easiest and least expensive way
for the SOHO to set up a
wireless network. The image
depicts a network in ad-hoc mode.
b) Infrastructure Mode
The infrastructure mode requires the
use of an access point (AP). In this
mode, all wireless communication
between two computers has to be
via the AP. It doesn’t matter if the
AP is stand-alone or wired to an
Ethernet network. If used in standalone, the AP can extend the range
of independent wireless LANs by
acting as a repeater, which effectively doubles the distance between
wireless stations. The image below depicts a network in infrastructure
mode.
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2 Understanding the Hardware
2.1 Hardware Installation
1. Place the unit in an appropriate location after conducting a site survey.
2. Plug one end of the Ethernet cable into the LAN port of the device and another end
into your PC/Notebook.
3. Plug one end of another Ethernet cable to WAN port of the device and the other end
into you cable/DSL modem (Internet)
4. Insert the DC-inlet of the power adapter into the port labeled “DC-IN” and the other
end into the power socket on the wall.
This diagram depicts the hardware configuration
PC, Cable/DSL
Modem
Ethernet
Client Bridge/AP
AC/DC cable
Power Outlet
2.2 IP Address Configuration
This device can be configured as a Bridge/Router or Access Point. The default IP
address of the device is 192.168.0.1 In order to log into this device, you must first
configure the TCP/IP settings of your PC/Notebook.
1. In the control panel, double click Network Connections and then double click on the
connection of your Network Interface Card (NIC). You will then see the following
screen.
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2. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click on the Properties button. This will
allow you to configure the TCP/IP settings of your PC/Notebook.
3. Select Use the following IP Address radio button and then enter the IP address
and subnet mask. You may follow the example below. Please Ensure that the IP
address and subnet mask are on the same subnet as the device.
For Example:
Device IP address: 192.168.0.1(this is confusing; remove it)
PC IP address: 192.168.0.10
PC subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
4. Click on the OK button to close this window, and once again to close LAN properties
window.
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3 Web Configuration
3.1 Logging In
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
To configure the device through the web-browser, enter the IP address of the Bridge
(default: 192.168.0.1) into the address bar of the web-browser and press Enter.
Make sure that the device and your computers are configured on the same subnet.
Refer to Chapter 2 in order to configure the IP address of your computer.
After connecting to the IP address, the web-browser will display the login page.
Enter admin for both the user name and password.
After logging in you will see the graphical user interface (GUI) of the device. The
navigation drop-down menu on left is divided into five main sections:
System: This menu includes the status, schedule, event log, and monitor.
Wireless: This menu includes status, basic, advanced, security, WPS, Client list,
VLAN, and WMM. Through this section, you can also change the device operating
mode, such as Access Point, Client Bridge, WDS, or repeater.
Network: This menu includes status, LAN, and WAN. .
Management: This menu includes the admin setup, SNMP, firmware upgrade, and
save/restore backup.
Tools: Displays the time zone, power saving, diagnostics, and device reset.
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3.2 System
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Click on the System link on the navigation dropdown menu. You will then see four options: Status,
Schedule, Event Log, and Monitor. Each option is
described in detail below.
I
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3.2.1 Status
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Click on the Status link under the System drop-down menu. The status page
displays a summary of current system settings. Information such as operating mode,
system up time, firmware version, serial number, kernel version and application
version are displayed in the ‘System’ section. LAN IP address, subnet mask, and
MAC address are displayed in the ‘LAN’ section. In the ‘WLAN’ section, the
frequency, channel is displayed. Since this device supports multiple-SSIDs, the
details of each SSID, such as ESSID and its security settings are displayed in the
‘SSID_#’ section.
3.2.2 Schedule
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Click on the Schedule link in the navigation menu. Prior to setting schedule, time
zone must be set in the Tools menu. Schedules can be created to specify the
occasions to enforce the rules.
For example, if you want enable power saving on Mon-Fri from 3pm to 8pm, you
could create a schedule selecting Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, and Fri and enter a Start
Time of 3pm and End Time of 8pm.
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Click on the Add button to add a new schedule. .
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Schedule Description: Specify a name for the schedule.
Service: Select a service.
Days: Select the days at which you would like the schedule to be effective.
Time of Day: Place a check in the All Day box if you would like the schedule to be
active for 24 hours. If you do not use the 24 hours option, you may specify a start
time and end time.
Click on the Apply button to add this schedule into the list.
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3.2.3 Event Log
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Click on the Event Log link on the navigation menu. The device automatically
records important events in its internal memory. Order records will be over-written by
the latest ones when it is out of internal memory.
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Save: Click on the Save button to save the log into a text file on your computer.
Clear: Click on the Clear button to clear the log on the screen.
Refresh: Click on the Refresh button to refresh the log.
3.2.4 Statistics
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Click on the Statistics link in the navigation drop-down menu. This page displays the
transmitted and received packet statistics of the wired (LAN & WAN) and wireless
interface. You may change the auto-refresh time by selecting the number of seconds
from the drop-down list.
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3.2.5 Wireless Operating Modes
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Click on the Wireless link on the navigation drop-down menu. In this section you
may select the operating mode of the device. Options available are: Access Point,
Client Bridge, WDS, or Repeater. Each operating mode is described in detail below.
3.2.5.1
Switching between Operating Modes
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Each of the operating modes offers different features. In order to switch the operating
mode, select it from the drop down list.
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A dialog box will appear to notify you that the system will restart in order for the
change to take effect. Click on the OK button to continue.
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Please wait while the device counts down and restarts into the new operating mode.
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Each of the operating modes is described in detail in this chapter. Refer to the
following sections for each operating mode:
o
o
o
o
3.2.5.2 Access Point Operating Mode
3.2.5.3 Client Bridge Operating Mode
3.2.5.4 WDS Bridge Operating Mode
3.2.5.5 Repeater Operating Mode
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Access Point Operating Mode
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In order to configure the device as an Access
Point, select Access Point from the Operating
Mode drop-down list.
A dialog box will appear to notify you that the
system will restart in order for the change to take
effect. Click on the OK button to continue.
Please wait while the device counts down and
restarts into the new operating mode.
Once the device has restarted into Access Point
mode, you will see a new drop-down menu with
eight options which are: Status, Basic, Advanced,
Security, WPS, Client List, VLAN, and WMM.
Each of the options is described in detail below.
3.2.5.2.1 Status
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Click on the Status link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address)
3.2.5.2.2 Basic
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Click on the Basic link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address).
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•
Radio: Choose to Enable or Disable the wireless radio.
•
Band: Select the IEEE 802.11 mode from the drop-down list. For example, if you are
sure that the wireless network will be using only IEEE 802.11g clients, then it is
recommended to select 802.11g only instead of 2.4 GHz B+G which will reduce the
performance of the wireless network. You may also select 802.11B+G+N. If all of the
wireless devices you want to connect with this router can connect in the same
transmission mode, you can improve performance slightly by choosing the
appropriate "Only" mode. If you have some devices that use a different transmission
mode, choose the appropriate "Mixed" mode.
•
Mode: This drop-down list is fixed to AP as this is the Access Point operating mode.
•
ESSID#: This device allows up for four SSIDs, select the SSID# that you would like to
configure from the drop-down list.
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ESSID: The SSID is a unique named shared amongst all the points of the wireless
network. The SSID must be identical on all points of the wireless network and cannot
exceed 32 characters.
Auto Channel: The device can automatically select the clearest channel in the
environment. If auto channel is disabled, then you must select a channel from the
drop-down list.
Channel: Select a channel from the drop-down list. The channels available are
based on the country’s regulation. A wireless network uses specific channels in the
wireless spectrum to handle communication between clients. Some channels in your
area may have interference from other electronic devices. Choose the clearest
channel to help optimize the performance and coverage of your wireless network.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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3.2.5.2.3 Advanced
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Click on Advanced link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page allows you
to configure the fragmentation threshold, RTS threshold, beacon period, transmit
power, DTIM interval, etc.
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Fragment Threshold: Packets over the specified size will be fragmented in order to
improve performance on noisy networks. Specify a value between 256 and 65535.
The default value is 2346.
RTS Threshold: Packets over the specified size will use the RTS/CTS mechanism to
maintain performance in noisy networks and preventing hidden nodes from
degrading the performance. Specify a value between 1 and 65535. The default value
is 2346.
Beacon Period: Beacons are packets sent by a wireless Access Point to
synchronize wireless devices. Specify a Beacon Period value between 20 and 1000.
The default value is set to 100 milliseconds.
DITM Interval: A DTIM is a countdown informing clients of the next window for
listening to broadcast and multicast messages. When the wireless Access Point has
buffered broadcast or multicast messages for associated clients, it sends the next
DTIM with a DTIM Interval value. Wireless clients detect the beacons and awaken to
receive the broadcast and multicast messages. The default value is 1. Valid settings
are between 1 and 255.
Data Rate: You may select a data rate from the drop-down list, however, it is
recommended to select auto. This is also known as auto-fallback.
N Data Rate: You may select a data rate for 802.11n from the drop-down list,
however, it is recommended to select auto. This is also known as auto-fallback.
Channel Bandwidth: You may select a channel bandwidth in order to improve the
efficiency of the network, however, it is recommended to select Auto 20/40MHz. This
is also known as auto-fallback.
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Preamble Type: Select a short or long preamble. For optimum performance it is
recommended to also configure the client device as the same preamble type.
CTS Protection: CTS (Clear to Send) can be always enabled, auto, or disabled. By
enabled CTS, the Access Point and clients will wait for a ‘clear’ signal before
transmitting. It is recommended to select auto.
Tx Power: You may control the transmit output power of the device by selecting a
value from the drop-down list. This feature can be helpful in restricting the coverage
area of the wireless network.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.2.4 Wireless Security Mode
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Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu. To protect your
privacy this mode supports several types of wireless security: WEP WPA, WPA2,
and 802.1x RADIUS. WEP is the original wireless encryption standard. WPA
provides a higher level of security. The following section describes the security
configuration in detail.
3.2.5.2.4.1
Security Disabled
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Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
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ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcasted of your signal coverage. If encryption is set to NONE, users will be able to
access the AP without authentication. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select Disable from the drop-down list.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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3.2.5.2.4.2
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Version 1.0
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WEP is an acronym for Wired Equivalent Privacy, and is a security protocol that
provides the same level of security for wireless networks as for a wired network.
WEP is less secure as compares to WPA encryption. To gain access to a WEP
network, you must know the key. The key is a string of characters that you use for
password. When using WEP, you must determine the level of encryption.
The type of encryption determines the key length. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember. The ASCII string is converted to
HEX for use over the network. Four keys can be defined so that you can change
keys easily. A default key is automatically generated when WEP is enabled.
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Encryption: Select WEP from the drop-down list.
Authentication Type: Select Open, or Shared Key. Authentication method from the
drop-down list. An open system allows any client to authenticate as long as it
conforms to any MAC address filter policies that may have been set. All
authentication packets are transmitted without encryption. Shared Key sends an
unencrypted challenge text string to any device attempting to communicate with the
AP. The device requesting authentication encrypts the challenge text and sends it
back to the access point. If the challenge text is encrypted correctly, the access point
allows the requesting device to authenticate. It is recommended to select Auto if you
are not sure which authentication type is used.
Key Length: Select a 64-bit or 128-bit WEP key length from the drop-down list.
Key Type: Select a key type from the drop-down list. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember.
WEP Key 1-4: You may enter four different WEP keys.
Enable 802.1x Authentication: Place a check in this box if you would like to use
RADIUS authentication. This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate
wireless clients. Wireless clients should have established the necessary credentials
before attempting to authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it
may be necessary to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to
authenticate users. You will then be required to specify the RADIUS Server’s IP
address, port, and password.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.2.4.3
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Version 1.0
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) / Pre-shared
Key
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) is designed to improve upon the security features of
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to work with existing
Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides improved data
encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which scrambles the keys
using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking feature which makes
sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
Pre-shared Key Type:: Select Passphrase from the drop-down list.
Pre-Shared Key: The key is entered as a pass-phrase of up to 63 alphanumeric
characters in ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) format at
both ends of the wireless connection. It cannot be shorter than eight characters,
although for proper security it needs to be of ample length and should not be a
commonly known phrase. This phrase is used to generate session keys that are
unique for each wireless client.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.2.4.4
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Version 1.0
WPA RADIUS (802.1x)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA encryption. WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) was designed to improve upon the
security features of WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to
work with existing Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides
improved data encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which
scrambles the keys using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking
feature which makes sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate wireless clients. Wireless
clients should have established the necessary credentials before attempting to
authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it may be necessary
to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to authenticate users.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Specify the IP address of the RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Port: Specify the port number of the RADIUS server, the default
port is 1812.
RADIUS Server Password: Specify the pass-phrase that is matched on the RADIUS
Server.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.2.5 WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup)
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Click on the WPS link under the Wireless drop-down menu
WPS requires you to enter a PIN for the device press the configuration button on the
device. If the device supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup and has a configuration button,
you can add it to the network by pressing the configuration button on the device
There are several ways to add a wireless device to your network. Access to the
wireless network is controlled by a registrar. A registrar only allows devices onto the
wireless network if you have entered the PIN, or pressed a special Wi-Fi Protected
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Version 1.0
Setup button on the device. The device acts as a registrar for the network, although
other devices may act as a registrar as well.
Wi-Fi Protected Setup is a feature that locks the wireless security settings and
prevents the settings from being changed by any new external registrar using its PIN.
Devices can still be added to the wireless network using Wi-Fi Protected Setup.
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WPS: Place a check in this box to enable this feature.
WPS Current Status: Displays the current status of the WPS configuration.
Self Pin Code: Displays the current PIN.
SSID: Displays the current SSID.
Authentication Mode: Displays the current authentication mode.
Passphrase Key: Displays the current passphrase.
Interface: Displays the current interface.
WPS Via Push Button: Click on the Start to Process button if you would like to
enable WPS through the Push Button instead of the PIN. After pressing this button
you will be required to press the WPS on the client device within two minutes. Click
on the OK button in the dialog box.
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WPS via PIN: Specify a PIN, which unique number that can be used to add the
router to an existing network or to create a new network. Then click on the Start to
Process button.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.2.5.2.6 Client List
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Click on the Client List link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page displays
the list of Clients that are associated to the Access Point.
The MAC address and signal strength for each client is displayed. Click on the
Refresh button to refresh the client list
3.2.5.2.7 VLAN
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Click on the VLAN link under the Wireless drop-down menu. A VLAN (Virtual LAN)
is a group of hosts with a common set of requirements that communicate as if they
were attached to the same wire, regardless of their physical location.
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Virtual LAN: Choose to Enable or Disable the VLAN features.
SSID1 Tag: Specify the VLAN tag.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.2.8 WMM (Wireless Multimedia)
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Click on the WMM link under the Wireless drop-down menu. WMM is Quality of
Service (QoS) for wireless and ensures that voice and video applications get priority
in order to run smoothly.
Specify the priority and then click on the Apply button.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
27
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.2.5.3
Version 1.0
Client Bridge Operating Mode
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In order to configure the device as an Access
Point, select Client Bridge from the Operating
Mode drop-down list.
A dialog box will appear to notify you that the
system will restart in order for the change to take
effect. Click on the OK button to continue.
Please wait while the device counts down and
restarts into the new operating mode.
Once the device has restarted into Client Bridge
mode, you will see a new drop-down menu with
six options which are: Status, Basic, Security, AP
Profile, and WMM. Each of the options is
described in detail below.
3.2.5.3.1 Status
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Click on the Status link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address)
3.2.5.3.2 Basic
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Click on the Basic link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address).
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
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Radio: Choose to Enable or Disable the wireless radio.
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Mode: This drop-down list is fixed to Client as this is the Client Bridge operating mode.
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Band: Select the IEEE 802.11 mode from the drop-down list. For example, if you are
sure that the wireless network will be using only IEEE 802.11g clients, then it is
recommended to select 802.11g only instead of 2.4 GHz B+G which will reduce the
performance of the wireless network. You may also select 802.11B+G+N. If all of the
wireless devices you want to connect with this router can connect in the same
transmission mode, you can improve performance slightly by choosing the
appropriate "Only" mode. If you have some devices that use a different transmission
mode, choose the appropriate "Mixed" mode.
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Site Survey: Click on the Site Survey button to view a list of Access Points in the area. The
Site Survey page displays information about devices within the 802.11b/g/n frequency.
Information such as channel, SSID, BSSID, encryption, authentication, signal strength, and
operating mode are displayed. Select the desired device and then click on the Add to AP
Profile button.
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SSID: The SSID is a unique named shared amongst all the points of the wireless
network. The SSID must be identical on all points of the wireless network and cannot
exceed 32 characters.
Status: Displays the current status of the device.
Channel: The channels available are based on the country’s regulation. A wireless
network uses specific channels in the wireless spectrum to handle communication
between clients. Some channels in your area may have interference from other
electronic devices.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.2.5.3.3 Wireless Security Mode
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Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu. To protect your
privacy this mode supports several types of wireless security: WEP WPA, WPA2,
and 802.1x RADIUS. WEP is the original wireless encryption standard. WPA
provides a higher level of security. The following section describes the security
configuration in detail.
3.2.5.3.3.1
Security Disabled
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Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
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ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select Disable from the drop-down list.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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3.2.5.3.3.2
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WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WEP is an acronym for Wired Equivalent Privacy, and is a security protocol that
provides the same level of security for wireless networks as for a wired network.
WEP is less secure as compares to WPA encryption. To gain access to a WEP
network, you must know the key. The key is a string of characters that you use for
password. When using WEP, you must determine the level of encryption.
The type of encryption determines the key length. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember. The ASCII string is converted to
30
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
HEX for use over the network. Four keys can be defined so that you can change
keys easily. A default key is automatically generated when WEP is enabled.
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ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WEP from the drop-down list.
Authentication Type: Select Open, or Shared Key. Authentication method from the
drop-down list. An open system allows any client to authenticate as long as it
conforms to any MAC address filter policies that may have been set. All
authentication packets are transmitted without encryption. Shared Key sends an
unencrypted challenge text string to any device attempting to communicate with the
AP. The device requesting authentication encrypts the challenge text and sends it
back to the access point. If the challenge text is encrypted correctly, the access point
allows the requesting device to authenticate. It is recommended to select Auto if you
are not sure which authentication type is used.
Key Length: Select a 64-bit or 128-bit WEP key length from the drop-down list.
Key Type: Select a key type from the drop-down list. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Version 1.0
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember.
WEP Key 1-4: You may enter four different WEP keys.
Enable 802.1x Authentication: Place a check in this box if you would like to use
RADIUS authentication. This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate
wireless clients. Wireless clients should have established the necessary credentials
before attempting to authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it
may be necessary to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to
authenticate users. You will then be required to specify the RADIUS Server’s IP
address, port, and password.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.3.3.3
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) / Pre-shared
Key
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Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) is designed to improve upon the security features of
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to work with existing
Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides improved data
encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which scrambles the keys
using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking feature which makes
sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
ƒ
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
Pre-shared Key Type:: Select Passphrase from the drop-down list.
Pre-Shared Key: The key is entered as a pass-phrase of up to 63 alphanumeric
characters in ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) format at
both ends of the wireless connection. It cannot be shorter than eight characters,
although for proper security it needs to be of ample length and should not be a
commonly known phrase. This phrase is used to generate session keys that are
unique for each wireless client.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.3.3.4
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Version 1.0
WPA RADIUS (802.1x)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA encryption. WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) was designed to improve upon the
security features of WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to
work with existing Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides
improved data encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which
scrambles the keys using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking
feature which makes sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate wireless clients. Wireless
clients should have established the necessary credentials before attempting to
authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it may be necessary
to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to authenticate users.
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Specify the IP address of the RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Port: Specify the port number of the RADIUS server, the default
port is 1812.
RADIUS Server Password: Specify the pass-phrase that is matched on the RADIUS
Server.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.3.4 AP Profile
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Click on the AP Profile link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
This page allows you to configure the profile of the Client Bridge exactly the same as
the Access Point.
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SSID: The SSID is a unique named shared amongst all the points of the wireless
network. The SSID must be identical on all points of the wireless network and cannot
exceed 32 characters.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Version 1.0
Pre-shared Key Type:: Select Passphrase from the drop-down list.
Pre-Shared Key: The key is entered as a pass-phrase of up to 63 alphanumeric
characters in ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) format at
both ends of the wireless connection. It cannot be shorter than eight characters,
although for proper security it needs to be of ample length and should not be a
commonly known phrase. This phrase is used to generate session keys that are
unique for each wireless client.
Click on the Save button to save the changes.
3.2.5.3.5 Client List
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Click on the Client List link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page displays
the list of Clients that are associated to the Client Bridge.
The MAC address and signal strength for each client is displayed. Click on the
Refresh button to refresh the client list
3.2.5.3.6 WMM (Wireless Multimedia)
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Click on the WMM link under the Wireless drop-down menu. WMM is Quality of
Service (QoS) for wireless and ensures that voice and video applications get priority
in order to run smoothly.
Specify the priority and then click on the Apply button.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
36
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.2.5.4
Version 1.0
WDS Operating Mode
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In order to configure the device as an Access
Point, select WDS from the Operating Mode dropdown list.
A dialog box will appear to notify you that the
system will restart in order for the change to take
effect. Click on the OK button to continue.
Please wait while the device counts down and
restarts into the new operating mode.
Once the device has restarted into WDS mode,
you will see a new drop-down menu with six
options which are: Status, Basic, Advanced,
Security, Client List, and WMM. Each of the
options is described in detail below.
3.2.5.4.1 Status
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Click on the Status link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address)
3.2.5.4.2 Basic
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Click on the Basic link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address).
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
•
Radio: Choose to Enable or Disable the wireless radio.
•
Mode: This drop-down list is fixed to WDS as this is the Wireless Distribution operating mode.
•
Band: Select the IEEE 802.11 mode from the drop-down list. For example, if you are
sure that the wireless network will be using only IEEE 802.11g clients, then it is
recommended to select 802.11g only instead of 2.4 GHz B+G which will reduce the
performance of the wireless network. You may also select 802.11B+G+N. If all of the
wireless devices you want to connect with this router can connect in the same
transmission mode, you can improve performance slightly by choosing the
appropriate "Only" mode. If you have some devices that use a different transmission
mode, choose the appropriate "Mixed" mode.
•
ESSID#: This device allows up for four SSIDs, select the SSID# that you would like to
configure from the drop-down list.
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MAC Address #: Specify the MAC address (BSSID) of up to four devices within the
WDS.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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38
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.2.5.4.3 Advanced
ƒ
Click on Advanced link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page allows you
to configure the fragmentation threshold, RTS threshold, beacon period, transmit
power, DTIM interval, etc.
ƒ
Fragment Threshold: Packets over the specified size will be fragmented in order to
improve performance on noisy networks. Specify a value between 256 and 65535.
The default value is 2346.
RTS Threshold: Packets over the specified size will use the RTS/CTS mechanism to
maintain performance in noisy networks and preventing hidden nodes from
degrading the performance. Specify a value between 1 and 65535. The default value
is 2346.
Beacon Period: Beacons are packets sent by a wireless Access Point to
synchronize wireless devices. Specify a Beacon Period value between 20 and 1000.
The default value is set to 100 milliseconds.
DITM Interval: A DTIM is a countdown informing clients of the next window for
listening to broadcast and multicast messages. When the wireless Access Point has
buffered broadcast or multicast messages for associated clients, it sends the next
DTIM with a DTIM Interval value. Wireless clients detect the beacons and awaken to
receive the broadcast and multicast messages. The default value is 1. Valid settings
are between 1 and 255.
Data Rate: You may select a data rate from the drop-down list, however, it is
recommended to select auto. This is also known as auto-fallback.
N Data Rate: You may select a data rate for 802.11n from the drop-down list,
however, it is recommended to select auto. This is also known as auto-fallback.
Channel Bandwidth: You may select a channel bandwidth in order to improve the
efficiency of the network, however, it is recommended to select Auto 20/40MHz. This
is also known as auto-fallback.
Preamble Type: Select a short or long preamble. For optimum performance it is
recommended to also configure the client device as the same preamble type.
ƒ
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39
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Version 1.0
CTS Protection: CTS (Clear to Send) can be always enabled, auto, or disabled. By
enabled CTS, the Access Point and clients will will wait for a ‘clear’ signal before
transmitting. It is recommended to select auto.
Tx Power: You may control the transmit output power of the device by selecting a
value from the drop-down list. This feature can be helpful in restricting the coverage
area of the wireless network.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.4.4 Wireless Security Mode
ƒ
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu. To protect your
privacy this mode supports several types of wireless security: WEP WPA, WPA2,
and 802.1x RADIUS. WEP is the original wireless encryption standard. WPA
provides a higher level of security. The following section describes the security
configuration in detail.
3.2.5.4.4.1
Security Disabled
ƒ
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
ƒ
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select Disable from the drop-down list.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
ƒ
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40
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.2.5.4.4.2
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ƒ
ƒ
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ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Version 1.0
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WEP is an acronym for Wired Equivalent Privacy, and is a security protocol that
provides the same level of security for wireless networks as for a wired network.
WEP is less secure as compares to WPA encryption. To gain access to a WEP
network, you must know the key. The key is a string of characters that you use for
password. When using WEP, you must determine the level of encryption.
The type of encryption determines the key length. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember. The ASCII string is converted to
HEX for use over the network. Four keys can be defined so that you can change
keys easily. A default key is automatically generated when WEP is enabled.
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
41
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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ƒ
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Encryption: Select WEP from the drop-down list.
Authentication Type: Select Open, or Shared Key. Authentication method from the
drop-down list. An open system allows any client to authenticate as long as it
conforms to any MAC address filter policies that may have been set. All
authentication packets are transmitted without encryption. Shared Key sends an
unencrypted challenge text string to any device attempting to communicate with the
AP. The device requesting authentication encrypts the challenge text and sends it
back to the access point. If the challenge text is encrypted correctly, the access point
allows the requesting device to authenticate. It is recommended to select Auto if you
are not sure which authentication type is used.
Key Length: Select a 64-bit or 128-bit WEP key length from the drop-down list.
Key Type: Select a key type from the drop-down list. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember.
WEP Key 1-4: You may enter four different WEP keys.
Enable 802.1x Authentication: Place a check in this box if you would like to use
RADIUS authentication. This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate
wireless clients. Wireless clients should have established the necessary credentials
before attempting to authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it
may be necessary to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to
authenticate users. You will then be required to specify the RADIUS Server’s IP
address, port, and password.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.4.4.3
ƒ
ƒ
Version 1.0
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) / Pre-shared
Key
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) is designed to improve upon the security features of
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to work with existing
Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides improved data
encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which scrambles the keys
using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking feature which makes
sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
42
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
Pre-shared Key Type:: Select Passphrase from the drop-down list.
Pre-Shared Key: The key is entered as a pass-phrase of up to 63 alphanumeric
characters in ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) format at
both ends of the wireless connection. It cannot be shorter than eight characters,
although for proper security it needs to be of ample length and should not be a
commonly known phrase. This phrase is used to generate session keys that are
unique for each wireless client.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.4.4.4
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Version 1.0
WPA RADIUS (802.1x)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA encryption. WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) was designed to improve upon the
security features of WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to
work with existing Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides
improved data encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which
scrambles the keys using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking
feature which makes sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate wireless clients. Wireless
clients should have established the necessary credentials before attempting to
authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it may be necessary
to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to authenticate users.
43
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Version 1.0
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Specify the IP address of the RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Port: Specify the port number of the RADIUS server, the default
port is 1812.
RADIUS Server Password: Specify the pass-phrase that is matched on the RADIUS
Server.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.4.5 Client List
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the Client List link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page displays
the list of Clients that are associated to the device.
The MAC address and signal strength for each client is displayed. Click on the
Refresh button to refresh the client list
44
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.2.5.4.6 WMM (Wireless Multimedia)
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the WMM link under the Wireless drop-down menu. WMM is Quality of
Service (QoS) for wireless and ensures that voice and video applications get priority
in order to run smoothly.
Specify the priority and then click on the Apply button.
3.2.5.5
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Repeater Operating Mode
In order to configure the device as an Access Point, select Repeater from the
Operating Mode drop-down list.
A dialog box will appear to notify you that the system will restart in order for the
change to take effect. Click on the OK button to continue.
Please wait while the device counts down and restarts into the new operating mode.
45
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
ƒ
Version 1.0
Once the device has restarted into Repeater mode, you will see a new drop-down
menu with six options which are: Status, Basic, Advanced, Security, Client List, and
WMM. Each of the options is described in detail below.
3.2.5.5.1 Status
ƒ
Click on the Status link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address)
3.2.5.5.2 Basic
ƒ
Click on the Basic link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page will display
the current wireless settings such as SSID, Channel, Security and BSSID (MAC
address).
•
Radio: Choose to Enable or Disable the wireless radio.
•
Mode: This drop-down list is fixed to WDS as this is the Wireless Distribution operating mode.
46
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
•
Band: Select the IEEE 802.11 mode from the drop-down list. For example, if you are
sure that the wireless network will be using only IEEE 802.11g clients, then it is
recommended to select 802.11g only instead of 2.4 GHz B+G which will reduce the
performance of the wireless network. You may also select 802.11B+G+N. If all of the
wireless devices you want to connect with this router can connect in the same
transmission mode, you can improve performance slightly by choosing the
appropriate "Only" mode. If you have some devices that use a different transmission
mode, choose the appropriate "Mixed" mode.
•
ESSID#: This device allows up for four SSIDs, select the SSID# that you would like to
configure from the drop-down list.
ƒ
MAC Address #: Specify the MAC address (BSSID) of up to four devices within the
WDS.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
ƒ
3.2.5.5.3 Advanced
ƒ
Click on Advanced link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page allows you
to configure the fragmentation threshold, RTS threshold, beacon period, transmit
power, DTIM interval, etc.
47
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
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ƒ
Version 1.0
Fragment Threshold: Packets over the specified size will be fragmented in order to
improve performance on noisy networks. Specify a value between 256 and 65535.
The default value is 2346.
RTS Threshold: Packets over the specified size will use the RTS/CTS mechanism to
maintain performance in noisy networks and preventing hidden nodes from
degrading the performance. Specify a value between 1 and 65535. The default value
is 2346.
Beacon Period: Beacons are packets sent by a wireless Access Point to
synchronize wireless devices. Specify a Beacon Period value between 20 and 1000.
The default value is set to 100 milliseconds.
DITM Interval: A DTIM is a countdown informing clients of the next window for
listening to broadcast and multicast messages. When the wireless Access Point has
buffered broadcast or multicast messages for associated clients, it sends the next
DTIM with a DTIM Interval value. Wireless clients detect the beacons and awaken to
receive the broadcast and multicast messages. The default value is 1. Valid settings
are between 1 and 255.
Data Rate: You may select a data rate from the drop-down list, however, it is
recommended to select auto. This is also known as auto-fallback.
N Data Rate: You may select a data rate for 802.11n from the drop-down list,
however, it is recommended to select auto. This is also known as auto-fallback.
Channel Bandwidth: You may select a channel bandwidth in order to improve the
efficiency of the network, however, it is recommended to select Auto 20/40MHz. This
is also known as auto-fallback.
Preamble Type: Select a short or long preamble. For optimum performance it is
recommended to also configure the client device as the same preamble type.
CTS Protection: CTS (Clear to Send) can be always enabled, auto, or disabled. By
enabled CTS, the Access Point and clients will will wait for a ‘clear’ signal before
transmitting. It is recommended to select auto.
Tx Power: You may control the transmit output power of the device by selecting a
value from the drop-down list. This feature can be helpful in restricting the coverage
area of the wireless network.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
48
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.2.5.5.4 Wireless Security Mode
ƒ
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu. To protect your
privacy this mode supports several types of wireless security: WEP WPA, WPA2,
and 802.1x RADIUS. WEP is the original wireless encryption standard. WPA
provides a higher level of security. The following section describes the security
configuration in detail.
3.2.5.5.4.1
Security Disabled
ƒ
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
ƒ
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select Disable from the drop-down list.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
3.2.5.5.4.2
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WEP is an acronym for Wired Equivalent Privacy, and is a security protocol that
provides the same level of security for wireless networks as for a wired network.
WEP is less secure as compares to WPA. To gain access to a WEP network, you
must know the key. The key is a string of characters that you use for password.
When using WEP, you must determine the level of encryption.
The type of encryption determines the key length. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember. The ASCII string is converted to
HEX for use over the network. Four keys can be defined so that you can change
keys easily. A default key is automatically generated when WEP is enabled.
49
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Version 1.0
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WEP from the drop-down list.
Authentication Type: Select Open, or Shared Key. Authentication method from the
drop-down list. An open system allows any client to authenticate as long as it
conforms to any MAC address filter policies that may have been set. All
authentication packets are transmitted without encryption. Shared Key sends an
unencrypted challenge text string to any device attempting to communicate with the
AP. The device requesting authentication encrypts the challenge text and sends it
back to the access point. If the challenge text is encrypted correctly, the access point
allows the requesting device to authenticate. It is recommended to select Auto if you
are not sure which authentication type is used.
Key Length: Select a 64-bit or 128-bit WEP key length from the drop-down list.
Key Type: Select a key type from the drop-down list. 128-bit encryption requires a
longer key than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX
(hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American Standard Code for
50
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Version 1.0
Information Interchange - alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided
so you can enter a string that is easier to remember.
WEP Key 1-4: You may enter four different WEP keys.
Enable 802.1x Authentication: Place a check in this box if you would like to use
RADIUS authentication. This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate
wireless clients. Wireless clients should have established the necessary credentials
before attempting to authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it
may be necessary to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to
authenticate users. You will then be required to specify the RADIUS Server’s IP
address, port, and password.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.5.4.3
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) / Pre-shared
Key
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) is designed to improve upon the security features of
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to work with existing
Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides improved data
encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which scrambles the keys
using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking feature which makes
sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
ƒ
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
51
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
Pre-shared Key Type: Select Passphrase from the drop-down list.
Pre-Shared Key: The key is entered as a pass-phrase of up to 63 alphanumeric
characters in ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) format at
both ends of the wireless connection. It cannot be shorter than eight characters,
although for proper security it needs to be of ample length and should not be a
commonly known phrase. This phrase is used to generate session keys that are
unique for each wireless client.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.5.4.4
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Version 1.0
WPA RADIUS (802.1x)
Click on the Security link under the Wireless drop-down menu.
WPA encryption. WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) was designed to improve upon the
security features of WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). The technology is designed to
work with existing Wi-Fi products that have been enabled with WEP. WPA provides
improved data encryption through the Temporal Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which
scrambles the keys using a hashing algorithm and by adding an integrity checking
feature which makes sure that keys haven’t been tampered with.
This option works with a RADIUS Server to authenticate wireless clients. Wireless
clients should have established the necessary credentials before attempting to
authenticate to the Server through this Gateway. Furthermore, it may be necessary
to configure the RADIUS Server to allow this Gateway to authenticate users.
ESSID Selection: As this device supports multiple SSIDs, it is possible to configure
a different security mode for each SSID (profile). Select an SSID from the drop-down
list.
Broadcast SSID: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. This is the SSID
broadcast feature. When this option is set to Enable, your wireless network name is
52
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Version 1.0
broadcast to anyone within the range of your signal. If you're not using encryption then
they could connect to your network. When this is disabled, you must enter the
Wireless Network Name (SSID) on the client manually to connect to the network.
WMM: Choose to Enable or Disable WMM. This is the Quality of Service (QoS)
feature for prioritizing voice and video applications. This option can be further
configured in WMM under the Wireless drop-down menu.
Encryption: Select WPA pre-shared key from the drop-down list.
WPA Mode: Select the Auto WPA / WPA2 from the drop-down list.
WPA Type: Select TKIP, AES, or WPA2 Mixed. The encryption algorithm used to
secure the data communication. TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides
per-packet key generation and is based on WEP. AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is a very secure block based encryption. Note that, if the bridge uses the
AES option, the bridge can associate with the access point only if the access point is
also set to use only AES.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Specify the IP address of the RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Port: Specify the port number of the RADIUS server, the default
port is 1812.
RADIUS Server Password: Specify the pass-phrase that is matched on the RADIUS
Server.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.2.5.5.5 Client List
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the Client List link under the Wireless drop-down menu. This page displays
the list of Clients that are associated to the device.
The MAC address and signal strength for each client is displayed. Click on the
Refresh button to refresh the client list
3.2.5.5.6 WMM (Wireless Multimedia)
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the WMM link under the Wireless drop-down menu. WMM is Quality of
Service (QoS) for wireless and ensures that voice and video applications get priority
in order to run smoothly.
Specify the priority and then click on the Apply button.
53
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.3 Network
ƒ
3.3.1
ƒ
Click on the Network link on the navigation dropdown menu. You will then see three options: Status,
LAN, and WAN. Each option is described in detail
below.
Status
Click on the Status link on the Network navigation drop-down menu. This page will
display the current LAN settings such as IP address, subnet mask, and MAC address.
54
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.3.2
Version 1.0
LAN / DHCP Client, Server
ƒ
Click on the LAN link on the Network navigation drop-down menu. This page will
allow you to configure the device as a static or dynamic IP address, along with DHCP
server settings.
ƒ
Bridge Type: Select Static IP or Dynamic IP from the drop-down list. If you select
Static IP, you will be required to specify an IP address and subnet mask. If Dynamic
IP is selected, then the IP address is received automatically from the external DHCP
server.
IP Address: Specify an IP address.
IP Subnet Mask: Specify a subnet mask for the IP address.
802.1d Spanning Tree: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. Enabling
spanning tree will avoid redundant data loops.
DHCP Server: Select Enable or Disable from the drop-down list. If this is enabled,
you will be required to specify the lease time, start and end IP address range, and
domain name. If DHCP server is disabled, then all the clients connected to this
device will need to acquire an IP address from the DHCP server behind this device.
Lease Time: Select a lease time from the drop-down list.
Start IP: Specify the starting IP address for the DHCP server to assign IP addresses.
End IP: Specify the last IP address for the DHCP server to end assigning IP
addresses.
Domain Name: Specify a domain name.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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3.3.3 WAN (Bridge/Router)
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the WAN link on the Network navigation drop-down menu. This device can
be configured at a Router or a Bridge. Select Enable (Router) mode if the WAN port
is connected to the Internet. Select Disable (Bridge) if the device is connected to a
local network downstream from another router.
The device supports the following WAN connections:
o Static IP address
o Dynamic IP address
o PPPoE
o PPTP
3.3.3.1
WAN – Static IP address
ƒ
The WAN interface can be configured as Static IP address. In this type of connection,
your ISP provides you with a dedicated IP address (which does not change as
DHCP).
ƒ
ƒ
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Login Method: Select the Static IP Address from the drop-down list.
IP Address: Specify the IP address for this device, which is assigned by your ISP.
Subnet Mask: Specify the subnet mask for this IP address, which is assigned by
your ISP.
Default Gateway: Specify the IP address of the default gateway, which is assigned
by your ISP.
Primary / Secondary DNS Address: Specify the primary and secondary IP address,
which is assigned by your ISP.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.3.3.2
Version 1.0
WAN – Dynamic IP address
ƒ
The WAN interface can be configured as a DHCP Client in which the ISP provides
the IP address to the device. This is also known as Dynamic IP.
ƒ
ƒ
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Login Method: Select the Dynamic IP Address from the drop-down list.
Host Name: Specify a host name to define your system or connection.
MAC Address: If you need to change the MAC address of the router’s WAN
interface, either type in an alternate MAC address (for example, the MAC address of
the router initially connected to the ISP) or click on the Clone MAC button.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.3.3.3
Version 1.0
WAN – PPPoE
ƒ
The WAN interface can be configured as PPPoE. This type of connection is usually
used for a DSL service and requires a username and password to connect.
ƒ
ƒ
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Login Method: Select PPPoE from the drop-down list.
Login: Specify the user name which is provided by your ISP.
Password: Specify the password which is provided by your ISP, and then verify it
once again in the next field.
Service Name: Specify the name of the ISP.
MTU: The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) is a parameter that determines the
largest packet size (in bytes) that the router will send to the WAN. If LAN devices
send larger packets, the router will break them into smaller packets. Ideally, you
should set this to match the MTU of the connection to your ISP. Typical values are
1500 bytes for an Ethernet connection and 1492 bytes for a PPPoE connection. If the
router's MTU is set too high, packets will be fragmented downstream. If the router's
MTU is set too low, the router will fragment packets unnecessarily and in extreme
cases may be unable to establish some connections. In either case, network
performance can suffer.
Type: Select a reconnection time: Keep Connection (A connection to the Internet is
always maintained), Automatic Connection (A connection to the Internet is made
as needed), Manual Connection: You have to open up the Web-based
management interface and click the Connect button manually any time that you wish
to connect to the Internet.
Idle Time: Specify the maximum idle time before the device dimes out. If Keep
Connection is selected as the connection type, then this field is not required.
MAC Address: If you need to change the MAC address of the router’s WAN-side
Ethernet interface, either type in an alternate MAC address (for example, the MAC
address of the router initially connected to the ISP) or click on Clone Your PCs MAC
Address.(This is not on the page)
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.3.3.4
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Version 1.0
WAN – PPTP
The WAN interface can be configured as PPTP. PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling
Protocol) uses a virtual private network to connect to your ISP. This method of
connection is primarily used in Europe. This method of connection requires you to
enter a username and password (provided by your ISP) to gain access to the Internet.
The supported authentication protocols are PAP and CHAP.
Select the PPTP from the My Internet Connection drop-down list.
WAN Interface Type: PPTP can be used with a dynamic or static IP address. If you
select the Dynamic IP radio button, then the IIP address in the next field is not
required. However, if you select the Static IP radio button, then the IP address in the
next field is required.
Host Name: Specify a host name to define your system or connection.
MAC Address: If you need to change the MAC address of the router’s WAN
interface, either type in an alternate MAC address (for example, the MAC address of
the router initially connected to the ISP) or click on the Clone MAC button.
Login: Specify the user name which is provided by your ISP.
Password: Specify the password which is provided by your ISP, and then verify it
once again in the next field.
Server IP Address:: Specify the IP address of the ISP.
Connection ID: Specify a connection ID if your ISP has provided you with one.
MTU: The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) is a parameter that determines the
largest packet size (in bytes) that the router will send to the WAN. If LAN devices
send larger packets, the router will break them into smaller packets. Ideally, you
should set this to match the MTU of the connection to your ISP. If the router's MTU is
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Version 1.0
set too high, packets will be fragmented downstream. If the router's MTU is set too
low, the router will fragment packets unnecessarily and in extreme cases may be
unable to establish some connections. In either case, network performance can
suffer.
Type: Select a reconnection time: Keep Connection (A connection to the Internet is
always maintained), Automatic Connection (A connection to the Internet is made
as needed), Manual Connection: You have to open up the Web-based
management interface and click the Connect button manually any time that you wish
to connect to the Internet.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.4 Management
ƒ
3.4.1
Click on the Management link on the navigation
drop-down menu. You will then see four options:
Admin, SNMP, Firmware, and Configure. Each
option is described in detail below.
Admin
ƒ
Click on the Admin link on the Management navigation drop-down menu. This page
allows you to configure a new password to login to the device. It is recommended to
change the default password for security reasons.
ƒ
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Old Password: Specify the old password of the device.
New Password: Specify a new password.
Repeat New Password: Re-type the new password.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
3.4.2
Version 1.0
SNMP
ƒ
Click on the SNMP link on the Management navigation drop-down menu. This option
allows you to assign the contact details, location, community name and trap settings
for SNMP. This is a networking management protocol used to monitor networkattached devices. SNMP allows messages (called protocol data units) to be sent to
various parts of a network. Upon receiving these messages, SNMP-compatible
devices (called agents) return data stored in their Management Information Bases. .
ƒ
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SNMP Active: Choose to enable or disable the SNMP feature.
SNMP Version: You may select a specific version or select All from the drop-down
list.
Read Community Name: Specify the password for access the SNMP community for
read only access.
Set Community Name: Specify the password for access to the SNMP community
with read/write access.
System Location: Specify the location of the device.
System Contact: Specify the contact details of the device.
Send SNMP Trap: Specify the IP address of the computer that will receive the
SNMP traps.
Trap Active: Choose to enable or disable the SNMP trapping feature. .
Trap Manager IP: Specify the password for the SNMP trap community.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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3.4.3 Firmware Upgrade
ƒ
Click on the Firmware link in the navigation menu. This page allows you to upgrade
the firmware of the device in order to improve the functionality and performance.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Version 1.0
Ensure that you have downloaded the appropriate firmware from the vendor’s
website. Connect the device to your PC using an Ethernet cable, as the firmware
cannot be upgraded using the wireless interface.
Click on the Browse button to select the firmware and then click on the Apply button.
3.4.4 Restore to Factory Default
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the Configure link in the navigation menu
Click on the Reset button to reset the device to the factory default settings.
ƒ
Once the dialog box appears, click on the OK button to confirm the action.
Note: The current settings will be lost.
ƒ Click on the OK button to continue. You will then see the Rebooting page.
ƒ Please wait while the system is rebooting.
Note: Do no un-plug the device during this process as this may cause permanent
damage.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.4.5 Backup Settings
ƒ
ƒ
Click on the Configure link in the navigation menu
Click on the Save button to backup the current settings on the local disk.
3.4.6 Restore Settings
ƒ
Click on the Configure link in the navigation menu
ƒ
Click on the Browse button to select the file that has been backed up and then click
on the Upload button.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.5 Tools
ƒ
3.5.1
Click on the Tools link on the navigation dropdown menu. You will then see four options: Time
zone, power saving, diagnosis, and reset. Each
option is described in detail below.
Time Zone
ƒ
Click on the Time Zone link in the navigation menu. This feature allows you to
configure, update, and maintain the correct time on the device’s internal system clock
as well as configure the time zone. The date and time of the device can be
configured manually or by synchronizing with a time server.
Note: If the device losses power for any reason, it will not be able to keep its clock
running, and will not display the correct time once the device has been restarted.
Therefore, you must re-enter the correct date and time.
ƒ
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Time Zone: Select your time zone from the drop-down list.
NTP Time Server: Specify the NTP server’s IP address to synchronize the device’s
clock to a Network Time Server over the Internet.
Daylight Saving: Place a check in this box to enable daylight savings time. And
select the date/time from the drop-down list.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
3.5.2 Power Saving
ƒ
Click on the Power Saving link in the navigation menu. This page allows you to
enable power saving on the wired and wireless interface.
ƒ
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WLAN: Choose to Enable or Disable the wireless LAN power saving model.
Ethernet: Choose to Enable or Disable the Ethernet (wired) power saving mode.
Click on the Apply button to save the changes.
3.5.3 Diagnosis
ƒ
Click on the Diagnosis link in the navigation menu. This page allows to Ping a
device to check if it is active.
ƒ
Address to Ping: Specify the IP address to ping and then click on the Start button.
The result will then display in the field below.
3.5.4 Reset
ƒ
Click on the Reset link in the navigation menu. This page allows resetting the device
with its current settings. Click on the Apply button to reset the device.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
Appendix A – Specifications
Hardware Summary
Physical Interface
LAN: One 10/100/1000Mbps
Reset Button
Power Jack
WPS push button (Wi-Fi Protected Setup)
LEDs Status
Power/ Status
LAN (10/100/1000Mbps)
WLAN (Wireless Connection)
Power
Requirements
Power Supply: 90 to 240 VDC ± 10%, 50/60 Hz (depends on
different countries)
Active Ethernet (Power over Ethernet, IEEE802.3af)- 48
VDC/0.375A
Device: 12V/1A
Regulation
Certifications
FCC Part 15/UL, ETSI 300/328/CE
Radio Specifications
Frequency Band
2.400~2.484 GHz
Media Access Protocol
Carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance
(CSMA/CA)
z OFDM: BPSK, QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM
z DBPSK, DQPSK, CCK
Modulation Technology
Operating Channels
11 for North America, 14 for Japan, 13 for Europe
Receive Sensitivity
(Typical)
z IEEE802.11n
MCS8 @ -91dBm
MCS15 @ -74dBm
z IEEE802.11g (3RX)
[email protected] -92dBm
[email protected] -75dBm
z IEEE802.11b (1RX)
[email protected] -93dBm
[email protected] -91dBm
z IEEE802.11n/g
[email protected]~9 Mbps / MCS9
[email protected]~18 Mbps / MCS11
[email protected]~36 Mbps / MCS13
[email protected]~54 Mbps / MCS15
z IEEE802.11b
[email protected], 11Mbps
Omni-directional external antenna
TNC type; Peak Gain = 5 dBi
Available transmit power
Antenna *3
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
Software Features
Topology
Infrastructure/Ad-Hoc
Operation Mode
Client Bridge/Access Point/Repeater/WDS/PtP
LAN
VPN
Wireless
Security
QoS
• DHCP Server
• DHCP Client
VPN pass-through (PPTP, L2TP, IPSEC)
• Wireless Mode – 11b / 11g / 11n / Disable
• Channel Selection (Setting varies by Country)
• Transmission Rate
¾
11 b/g: 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 11, 9, 6, 5.5, 2, 1 in
Mbps
¾
11n:
MCS Index
Guard Interval 800ns
Guard Interval 400ns
20MHz(Mbps) 40MHz(Mbps) 20MHz(Mbps 40MHz(Mbps
)
)
0
6.5
13.5
7.2
15
1
13
27
14.4
30
2
19.5
40.5
21.7
45
3
26
54
28.9
60
4
39
81
43.3
90
5
52
108
57.8
120
6
58.5
121.5
65
135
7
65
135
72.2
157.5
8
13
27
14.4
30
9
26
54
28.9
60
10
39
81
43.3
90
11
52
108
57.8
120
12
78
162
86.7
180
13
104
216
115.6
240
14
117
243
130
270
15
130
270
144.4
300
• Distance Control (Ack timeout)
• Signal Strength
• Bandwidth Selection- 40/20/10/5MHz
• RSSI indicator bar (CB mode)
• WEP Encryption-64/128 bit
• WPA Personal (WPA-PSK using TKIP or AES)
• WPA Enterprise (WPA-EAP using TKIP)
• 802.1x Authenticator
• 802.1x Supplicant- TTLS (Client Bridge mode)
• Hide SSID in beacons
• Multiple SSID with 802.1q VLAN tagging (up to 4 SSIDs)(AP
mode)
• MAC Filter(AP mode)
• L2 isolation(AP mode)
• Wireless STA (Client) connected list
• WMM
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
Management
Configuration
Web-based configuration (HTTP)/Telnet
Firmware Upgrade
Upgrade firmware via web-browser
Keep latest setting when f/w update
Administrator Setting
Administrator password change
Reset Setting
Reboot
Reset to Factory Default
System monitoring
Status, Statistics and Event Log
SNMP
V1, V2c
MIB
MIB I, MIB II (RFC1213) and Private MIB
Bandwidth Measurement
Port / IP
Backup & Restore
Settings through Web
Environment & Physical
Temperature Range
Operating: 0°C to 45°C (32°F to 113°F)
Storage: -20°C to 70°C (-4°F to 158°F)
Humidity (non-condensing)
5%~95% typical
Dimensions
125mm (L) x 108mm (W) x 31mm (H)
Weight
350g
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Version 1.0
Appendix B – FCC Interference Statement
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates uses and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
z
z
z
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment.
This device complies with FCC RF Exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment, under 47
CFR 2.1093 paragraph (d)(2).
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
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Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
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Index
8
802.1x, 2, 3, 6, 20, 22, 23, 30, 32, 33, 40, 42,
43, 49, 51, 52, 68
A
Access Point Operating Mode, 17
admin, 11
Advanced, 2, 3, 17, 19, 23, 24, 33, 34, 35,
37, 39, 43, 44, 46, 48, 52, 53
Applications, 7
ASCII, 21, 22, 23, 30, 32, 33, 35, 41, 42, 43,
50, 51, 52
B
Backup Settings, 3, 64
Band, 18, 29, 38, 47, 67
Beacon Period, 19, 39, 48
Broadcast SSID, 20, 21, 23, 24, 30, 31, 32,
34, 40, 41, 43, 44, 49, 50, 51, 53
HEX, 21, 22, 30, 32, 41, 42, 50, 51
I
Introduction, 5
IP Address Configuration, 9
K
Key Length, 22, 31, 42, 51
Key Type, 22, 23, 32, 33, 35, 42, 43, 51, 52
L
LAN / DHCP Client, Server, 3, 55
Logging In, 11
M
Management, 3, 6, 11, 61, 62, 69
N
C
Channel, 17, 18, 19, 28, 29, 37, 39, 46, 47,
48, 68
Client Bridge Operating Mode, 2, 16, 28
Client List, 2, 3, 17, 26, 35, 37, 45, 46, 54
Community, 62
CTS Protection, 20, 40, 48
D
Data Rate, 5, 19, 39, 48
DHCP, 3, 5, 55, 56, 57, 58, 68
Diagnosis, 3, 66
DITM Interval, 19, 39, 48
DNS Address, 57
Dynamic IP Address, 58
Network Configuration, 8
P
Package Contents, 6
Power Saving, 3, 66
PPPoE, 3, 6, 56, 59
PPTP, 3, 56, 60, 68
Preamble Type, 20, 39, 48
R
Repeater Operating Mode, 3, 16, 46
Reset, 3, 63, 66, 67, 69
Restore to Factory Default, 3, 63
Router, 56
RTS Threshold, 19, 39, 48
E
Encryption, 20, 22, 23, 24, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35,
40, 42, 43, 44, 49, 50, 52, 53, 68
ESSID, 13, 18, 20, 21, 23, 24, 30, 31, 32, 34,
38, 40, 41, 43, 44, 47, 49, 50, 51, 53
Event Log, 2, 12, 14, 69
F
FCC, 3, 67, 70
Features and Benefits, 5
Firmware Upgrade, 3, 62, 69
Fragment Threshold, 19, 39, 48
S
Safety Guidelines, 7
Schedule, 2, 12, 13, 14
Security Disabled, 2, 3, 20, 30, 40, 49
SNMP, 3, 6, 11, 61, 62, 69
Spanning Tree, 56
Specifications, 67
Statistics, 2, 15, 69
Status, 2, 3, 12, 13, 17, 25, 28, 29, 37, 46,
55, 67, 69
Switching between Operating Modes, 2, 16
System, 12
System Requirements, 7
H
T
Hardware Installation, 9
Time Zone, 3, 65
70
Multi-Function Gigabit Wireless-N Client Bridge
Tools, 3, 11, 13, 65
Trap, 62
Tx Power, 20, 40, 49
V
VLAN, 2, 11, 17, 26, 68
W
WAN, 3, 9, 11, 15, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60
WDS Operating Mode, 2, 37
Version 1.0
Web Configuration, 11
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), 2, 3, 21, 22,
23, 30, 32, 33, 41, 42, 43, 49, 51, 52
Wireless Operating Modes, 2, 16
Wireless Security Mode, 2, 3, 20, 30, 40, 49
WMM, 2, 3, 6, 11, 17, 20, 22, 23, 24, 26, 28,
30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 37, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45,
46, 49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 68
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) / Pre-shared
Key, 2, 3, 22, 32, 42, 51
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup), 2, 25
71
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