KTI Networks | Nway switch 10/100 Base tx 24 port | User`s guide | KTI Networks Nway switch 10/100 Base tx 24 port

KTI Networks Nway switch 10/100 Base tx 24 port
24-Port 10/100Mbps
Ethernet Switch
User’s Guide
FCC Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
regulations for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with this user’s guide, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will
be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this product
may cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required
to take adequate measures.
VCCI Warning
This is a product of VCCI Class A Compliance
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UL Warning
a) Elevated Operating Ambient Temperature-If installed in a closed or
multi-unit rack assembly, the operating ambient temperature of the
rack environment may be greater than room ambient. Therefore,
consideration should be given to installing the equipment in an
environment compatible with the manufacturer's maximum rated
ambient temperature (Tmra).
b) Reduced Air Flow- Installation of the equipment in a rack should
be such that the amount of air flow required for safe operation of the
equipment is not compromised.
c) Mechanical Loading-Mounting of the equipment in the rack should
be such that a hazardous condition is not achieved due to uneven
mechanical loading.
d) Circuit Overloading- Consideration should be given to the
connection of the equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that
overloading of circuits might have on over current protection and
supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate
ratings should be used when addressing this concern.
e) Reliable Earthing-Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment
should be maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply
connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit (e.g.,
use of power strips).
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TABLE
OF
C ONTENTS
About This Guide..............................................1
PURPOSE..........................................................................1
TERMS /USAGE .................................................................1
OVERVIEW OF THIS USER’S GUIDE...................................1
Introduction.......................................................2
FAST ETHERNET T ECHNOLOGY .......................................2
SWITCHING TECHNOLOGY...............................................2
FEATURES ........................................................................4
Unpacking and Installation.................................7
UNPACKING .....................................................................7
INSTALLATION .................................................................7
RACK MOUNTING ............................................................8
Identifying External Components.......................9
FRONT PANEL ..................................................................9
REAR P ANEL ..................................................................10
Technical Specification.................................... 11
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A BOUT T HIS G UIDE
Congratulations on your purchase of the 24-port 10/100Mbps
Auto-negotiation Fast Ethernet Switch. This device integrates
100Mbps Fast Ethernet and 10Mbps Ethernet network capabilities in a
highly flexible package.
Purpose
This guide discusses how to install your 24-port 10/100Mbps Fast
Ethernet Switch.
Terms/Usage
In this guide, the term “Switch” (first letter upper case) refers to your
24-port 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet Switch, and ”switch” (first letter
lower case) refers to other Ethernet switches.
Overview of this User’s Guide
Introduction. Describes the Switch and its features.
Unpacking and Installation. Helps you get started with the basic
installation of the Switch.
Identifying External Components. Describes the front panel, rear
panel and LED indicators of the Switch.
Technical Specifications. Lists the technical (general, physical and
environmental, and performance) specifications of the Switch.
1
I NTRODUCTION
This chapter describes the features of the Switch and some
background information about Ethernet/Fast Ethernet switching
technology.
Fast Ethernet Technology
The growing importance of LANs and the increasing complexity of
desktop computing applications are fueling the need for high
performance networks. A number of high-speed LAN technologies
have been proposed to provide greater bandwidth and improve
client/server response times.
Among them, 100BASE-T (Fast
Ethernet) provides a non-disruptive, smooth evolution from the
current 10BASE-T technology. The non-disruptive and smooth
evolution nature, and the dominating potential market base, virtually
guarantee cost effective and high performance Fast Ethernet solutions
in the years to come.
100Mbps Fast Ethernet is a new standard specified by the
IEEE 802.3 LAN committee. It is an extension of the
10Mbps Ethernet standard with the ability to transmit and
receive data at 100Mbps, while maintaining the CSMA/CD
Ethernet protocol. Since the 100Mbps Fast Ethernet is
compatible with all other 10Mbps Ethernet environments, it
provides a straightforward upgrade and takes advantage of
the existing investment in hardware, software, and personnel
training.
Switching Technology
Another approach to pushing beyond the limits of Ethernet technology
is the development of switching technology. A switch bridge Ethernet
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packets at the MAC address level of the Ethernet protocol transmitting
among connected Ethernet or Fast Ethernet LAN segments.
Switching is a cost-effective way of increasing the total network
capacity available to users on a local area network. A switch
increases capacity and decreases network loading by dividing a local
area network into different segments, which don’t compete with each
other for network transmission capacity.
The switch acts as a high-speed selective bridge between the
individual segments. The switch, without interfering with any other
segments, automatically forwards traffic that needs to go from one
segment to another. By doing this the total network capacity is
multiplied, while still maintaining the same network cabling and
adapter cards.
For Fast Ethernet networks, a switch is an effective way of eliminating
problems of chaining hubs beyond the “two-repeater limit.” A switch
can be used to split parts of the network into different collision
domains, making it possible to expand your Fast Ethernet network
beyond the 205-meter network diameter limit for 100BASE-TX
networks. Switches supporting both traditional 10Mbps Ethernet and
100Mbps Fast Ethernet are also ideal for bridging between the
existing 10Mbps networks and the new 100Mbps networks.
Switching LAN technology is a marked improvement over the
previous generation of network bridges, which were characterized by
higher latencies. Routers have also been used to segment local area
networks, but the cost of a router, the setup and maintenance required
make routers relatively impractical. Today switches are an ideal
solution to most kinds of local area network congestion problems.
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Features
The Switch were designed for easy installation and high performance
in an environment where traffic on the network and the number of
user increase continuously.
The Switch with its rack size is specifically designed for middle to
large workgroups. The Switch provides immediate access to a rapidly
growing network through a wide range of user-reliable functions.
The Switch is ideal for deployment with multiple high-speed servers
for shared bandwidth 10Mbps or 100Mbps workgroups. With the
highest bandwidth 200Mbps (100Mbps full-duplex mode), any port
can provide workstations with a congestion-free data pipe for
simultaneous access to the server.
The Switch is expandable by cascading two or more switches together.
As all ports support 200Mbps, the Switch can be cascaded from any
port and to any number of switches.
The Switch is a perfect choice for site planning to upgrade to Fast
Ethernet in the future. Ethernet workgroups can connect to the
Switch now, and change adapters and hubs anytime later without
needing to change the Switch or reconfigure the network.
The Switch combine dynamic memory allocation with
store-and-forward switching to ensure that the buffer is effectively
allocated for each port, while controlling the data flow between the
transmit and receive nodes to guarantee against all possible packet
loss.
The Switch is an unmanaged 10/100 Fast Ethernet Switch that offers
solutions in accelerating small Ethernet workgroup bandwidth. Other
key features are:
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24-port 10/100BASE Ethernet Switch with RJ-45
connectors
Support Auto-negotiation for speed and duplex modes
for each port
Supports Auto-MDI/MDI-X for each port
Wire speed reception and transmission
Store -and-Forward switching method
Integrated address Look-Up Engine, supports 8K
absolute MAC addresses
Supports 2.5Mbits RAM for data buffering
Front-panel diagnostic LEDs
IEEE 802.3x flow control for full-duplex
Back pressure flow control for half-duplex
Standard 19” Rack-mountable size
5
U NPACKING
AND I NSTALLATION
This chapter provides unpacking and setup information for the Switch.
Unpacking
Open the shipping cartons of the Switch and carefully unpacks its
contents. The carton should contain the following items:
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One the 24-port 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet Switch
One AC power cord, suitable for your area’s electrical
power connections
Four rubber feet to be used for shock cushioning
Screws and two mounting brackets
This User’s Guide
If any item is found missing or damaged, please contact your local
reseller for replacement.
Installation
The site where you install the Switch stack may greatly affect its
performance. When installing, consider the following pointers:
Install the Switch in a fairly cool and dry place. See Specifications
for the acceptable temperature and humidity operating ranges.
Install the Switch in a site free from strong electromagnetic field
generators (such as motors), vibration, dust, and direct exposure to
sunlight.
Leave at least 10cm of space at the front and rear of the hub for
ventilation.
Install the Switch on a sturdy, level surface that can support its weight,
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or in an EIA standard-size equipment rack. For information on rack
installation, see the next section, Rack Mounting.
When installing the Switch on a level surface, attach the rubber feet to
the bottom of each device. The rubber feet cushion the hub and
protect the hub case from scratching.
Rack Mounting
The switch can be mounted in an EIA standard-size, 19-inch rack,
which can be placed in a wiring closet with other equipment. Attach
the mounting brackets at the switch’s front panel (one on each side),
and secure them with the provided screws.
Then, use screws provided with the equipment rack to mount each
switch in the rack.
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I DENTIFYING E XTERNAL C OMPONENTS
This section identifies all the major external components of the
switch.
Front Panel
The figure below shows the front panels of the switch.
24-port 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet Switch
LED Indicator Panel
Refer to the next chapter for detailed information about each of the
switch’s LED indicators.
u Power (PWR)
This indicator lights green when the switch is receiving power ,
otherwise, it is off.
u Link / Activity ( green )
This indicator light green when the port is connected to a Fast
Ethernet or Ethernet station, if the indicator blinking green will be
transmission or received data.
u 100Mbps ( green )
This LED indicator light green when the port is connected to a
100Mbps Fast Ethernet station. Otherwise, the LED is off when the
port is connected to 10Mbps Ethernet station.
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Twisted-Pair Ports
These ports supports automatic MDI/MDIX crossover detection
function gives true ‘plug and play’ capability without the need of
confusing crossover cables or crossover ports.
With the Auto-MDI function, you just need to plug-in the network
cable to the hub directly and no need to care if the end node is NIC
(Network Interface Card) or switches and hubs.
Rear Panel
AC Power Connector
This is a three-pronged connector that supports the power cord. Plug
in the female connector of the provided power cord into this connector,
and the male into a power outlet. Supported input voltages range from
100-240 AC at 50-60Hz.
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T ECHNICAL S PECIFICATION
General
Standards
IEEE 802.3 10BASE -T Ethernet
IEEE 802.3u 100BASE -TX Fast Ethernet
Protocol
CSMA/CD
Data Transfer Rate
Ethernet: 10Mbps (half duplex), 20Mbps (full-duplex)
Fast Ethernet: 100Mb ps (half duplex), 200Mbps (full- duplex)
Topology
Star
Network Cables
10BASET: 2 -pair UTP Cat. 3,4,5, EIA/TIA- 568 100-ohm STP
100BASE -TX: 2-pair UTP Cat. 5, EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm STP
Number of Ports
24 x 10/100Mbps Auto-MDI ports
Physical and Environmental
AC inputs
100 to 240 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz internal universal power supply
Power Consumption
6.4 watts. (max.)
Temperature
Operating: 0 ° ~ 40° C, Storage: -10° ~ 70° C
Humidity
Operating: 10% ~ 90%, Storage: 5% ~ 90%
Dimensions
440 x 140 x 44 mm (W x H x D)
EMI:
FCC Class A, CE Mark Class A, VCCI Class A
Safety
CUL, CB
Performance
Transmits Method:
Store-and-forward
RAM Buffer:
2.5Mbits per device
Filtering Address
Table:
8K entries per device
Packet Filtering /
Forwarding Rate:
10Mbps Ethernet: 14,880/pps
100Mbps Fast Ethernet: 148,800/pps
MAC Address
Learning:
Automatic update
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