Endress+Hauser InDesign CS2 Template

Endress+Hauser InDesign CS2 Template
Temperature measurement
Thermometers and transmitters
for the process industry
Thermometer product overview
Endress+Hauser offers a complete assortment of compact thermometers, modular thermometers, thermowells, measurement inserts and
accessories for all types of industries.
Product group
Compact thermometers
and temperature switches
Modular thermometers
Thermometers with
hygienic process connection
Modular thermometers consisting of:
terminal head,
thermowell,
measurement insert
Compact thermometers,
modular thermometers
with hygienic process connections
Universal,
Chemical,
Power
Food & pharmaceutical
Model
Description
Cable sensors,
compact thermometers,
temperature switches
Simple design without thermowell
Application /
Branches
2
Universal,
Power
Approvals
ATEX Ex i
ATEX Ex i,
CSA
ATEX Ex i,
EHEDG
3A
FDA
ASME BPE
Measurement
range
RTD:
-50 °C...+400 °C (-60 °F...+750 °F)
TC:
-40 °C...+800 °C (-40 °F...+1470 °F)
RTD:
-200 °C...+600 °C (-330 °F...+1100 °F)
TC:
-40 °C...+800 °C (-40 °F...+1470 °F)
RTD:
-50 °C...+400 °C (-60 °F...+750 °F)
Process
connection
Insertion,
compression fitting,
thread
Insertion,
compression fittings,
thread,
flange,
welded connection
Hygienic process connections,
welded connections
For detailed
information see
pages...
12 and 13
14 and 15
16 and 17
Thermometers for XP / EEx d applications
Thermometers for high temperature applications
Temperature solutions
Pressure tight thermometers for Ex d applications
Thermometers with ceramic thermowell and platinum
measurement insert for high temperature applications
Tube skin thermometers for surface
temperature measurement,
Multipoint thermometers,
application specific solutions
Oil & Gas
Power,
Primary industry,
Metal preparation,
Flue gas
Oil & Gas,
Power,
Chemical
ATEX Ex i, Ex d;
FM / CSA: IS, XP
-
PED, CRN;
ATEX Ex d;
FM / CSA: XP
RTD:
-200 °C...+600 °C (-330 °F...+1100 °F)
TC:
-40 °C...+800 °C (-40 °F...+1470 °F)
TC:
0 °C...+1800 °C (32 °F...+3270 °F)
RTD:
-200 °C...+600 °C (-330 °F...+1100 °F)
TC:
-40 °C...+1100 °C (-40 °F...+2010 °F)
Thread,
flange,
welded connections
Flange,
gas tight glands
Customer specific solutions
18 and 19
20 and 21
22 and 23
ATEX
3
Basic principles of temperature measurement
Temperature is the most frequently measured parameter in the process industry.
In electrical, contact thermometers two measurement principles have asserted themselves as a standard:
RTD - Resistance sensors
TC - Thermocouples
In RTD resistance sensors the electrical resistance changes with a
change in temperature. They are suitable for the measurement of
temperatures between -200 °C and approx. 800 °C and stand out
due to high measurement accuracy and long-term stability. The
resistance sensor element most frequently used is a Pt100.
It is about a temperature-sensitive measuring resistance made of
platinum with a resistance value of 100 Ω at 0 °C. The temperature coefficient is fixed with α = 0.003851 °C-1.
Pt100 sensors are manufactured in different formats:
• Wire wound ceramic sensors: In a ceramic tube there is a
double coil with capillary ultra-pure platinum wire. This tube
is sealed at the top and bottom by a ceramic protective coating.
These sensors ensure good long-term stability of their resistance/ temperature characteristic in the temperature range of up
to 600 °C.
• Thin-layer sensors: In a vacuum a very thin platinum coating of about 1 µm is sputtered onto a ceramic plate and is then
photo-lithographically structured. The emerging platinum
conductors form the sensor resistance. The advantages over the
wire-wound versions are the smaller dimensions and the better
vibration resistance. Thin-layer sensors are used for temperature
measurements in temperature ranges of up to 400 °C.
A thermocouple is a component made of two different metals
connected with each other at one end. An electrical potential
(thermoelectric force) is caused due to the Seebeck effect at the
open end if the connection and the free ends are exposed to different temperatures. With the help of the so-called thermocouples
reference tables (see IEC 584) the temperature at the connection
(measuring junction) can be concluded.
Thermocouples are suitable for temperature measurement in the
range of 0 °C to +1800 °C. They stand out due to the fast response
time and high vibration resistance.
RTD thin-layer sensor, 4-wire
with MgO insulation
As a standard, Endress+Hauser RTD resistance sensors fulfill the
IEC 60751 accuracy class A.
Measurement inserts
Measurement inserts consist of a SS316L stainless steel or
INCONEL® 600 tube inside which the internal leads (RTD) or
thermal leads (TC) are placed and insulated from each other by
magnesium oxide (MgO) powder.
The sensor is at the tip of the measurement insert. The electrical
contact at the top end of the measurement insert is made, in the
simplest case, by the use of flying leads, a terminal block or a head
transmitter. Measurement inserts are available with a single sensor or, for redundant measurement, with two sensors.
In order to guarantee thermal contact to the process the measurement inserts are pushed onto the base of the thermowell by means
of two springs on the fixing screws or one spring on the collar
(U.S. style: ‘spring loaded’).
4
Measurement insert:
Flying leads, US style
‘spring loaded’, ceramic
block and head
transmitter
TC sensor, grounded and ungrounded with MgO insulation
Construction of a thermometer
The mechanical construction of a thermometer used in process plants is the same for resistance thermometers and thermocouples and
consists of the following components:
• Measurement insert with ceramic terminal block or head transmitter
• Thermowell
• Process connection
• Neck/Extension
• Terminal head with cable glands
Metric-style
Typical construction
US-style
Terminal head
The terminal head is fitted to the thermowell
or the neck of the thermometer.
Benefit:
• Protection and installation for terminal block
or transmitter.
• Cable entry and wiring.
Neck / Extension
The neck is the connection between terminal
head and process connection / thermowell.
Benefit:
• Protection of the head transmitter from overheating.
• Guarantees access to the terminal head in the
case of pipe insulation.
Process connection
The process connection is the connection
between the process and the thermometer.
Normally used are:
• Threads
• Flanges
• Weld-in connections
Thermowell
The thermowell is the process wetted
component of the thermometer.
Benefits:
• Increases the life cycle of the measurement
insert through protection against process
influence.
• Possible measurement insert exchange under
process conditions.
5
Thermowells
The thermowell is the process wetted part of the thermometer. Basically, thermowells are divided into thermowells constructed from
welded tubes and thermowells made of drilled barstock material.
Thermowell construction
In many cases thermometers cannot be placed directly into the
medium but need protection from rough process conditions.
Furthermore the thermowell makes sure that an exchange of the
measurement insert is possible without interrupting the process.
Correct construction and design of a thermowell requires exact
calculations. The load capacity of thermowells in individual processes is calculated at Endress+Hauser according to the Dittrich /
Kohler method which represents the basis of the DIN 43772. The
calculation can alternatively be carried out according to ASME /
ANSI PTC 19.3, i.e. the Murdock method.
Computer simulation showing the loading of a thermowell in process
Fabricated thermowells
Model
TA414
TW10
TW11
TW12
TW13
TW45
TW251
TW535
TW540
Compression
fitting
Ø 9.0 mm
G 1/2”,
1/2“ NPT
1/2“ NPT,
3/4” NPT
Design
Thermometer
connection
Matched
adapter for
TST414
M 24 x 1.5, 1/2“ NPT
Process
connection
G 1/2“
Neck /
extension
Without
To DIN 43772
Material
1.4571
Suitable for
Order number
for detailed
technical
information
6
G 1/4“, G 1/2”, G 3/4”, G 1”,
1/2“ NPT, 3/4” NPT
Without,
TA50 with
Ø 9.0 mm or
11 mm
Flange to
EN 1092-1 or
ASME
Flange to
ISO 2852,
DIN 11851,
DIN 11864,
Varivent,
Ingold, SMS,
metallic seal,
Liquiphant
G 1/2”,
G 3/4”,
1/2“ NPT,
weld-in
adapter
25 x 30 mm,
cylindrical or
spherical
G 1/2”,
G 3/4”,
1/2“ NPT,
3/4” NPT
Flange to
EN 1092 or
ASME;
1/2“ NPT,
3/4” NPT,
1” NPT
Double nipple
Without
To DIN 43772
40 to
400 mm
Without
50 to
500 mm
100 to
300 mm
1.4435,
1.4571,
2.4819,
2.4816
1.4435,
1.4571
1.4435,
1.4571,
2.4816
1.4435,
1.4571,
2.4819,
2.4816
1.4435
1.4401,
1.4749
Only TST414
Replacement
thermowell
for TR10,
TC10 and
TST90
Replacement
thermowell
for TR11
Replacement
thermowell
for TR12 and
TC12
Replacement
thermowell
for TR13 and
TC13
Replacement
thermowell
for TR45
Thermowell
for TST410,
TEC410,
TST310 or
TSC310
TR88, TC88,
TR24, TR25
TR88,
TMT162R,
TC88,
TMT162C
TI228T/02
TI261T/02
TI262T/02
TI263T/02
TI264T/02
TI252T/02
TI245T/02
TI250T/02
TI166T/02
1.4435
Barstock thermowells
Model
TA541
TW15
TW47
TA550
Thermometer
connection
1/2” NPT
male
M 24 x 1.5,
1/2” NPT,
male
G 3/8” male
Process
connection
Flange to
EN 1092
or ASME,
Thread
3/4” NPT,
1” NPT
Flange to
EN 1092 or
ASME, or
weld-in
Spherical or
cylinder for
weld-in
80 to
300 mm
40 to
400 mm
Without
1.4401
1.4435,
1.4571,
2.4819,
2.4816
1.4435
-
TR15 / TC15
Replacement
thermowell
for TR47
Replacement
thermowell
for TR12 and
TC12
TI188T/02
TI265T/02
TI253T/02
TI153T/02
TA565
TA566
TA555
TA556
TA557
TA560
TA562
3/4” NPT
1/2” NPT
1/2“ NPT
1/2“ NPT,
1/2” BSP
Thread
3/4” NPT
Thread
3/4” NPT,
1/2” NPT,
G1/2”
Design
Neck /
extension
Material
Suitable for
Order number
for detailed
technical
information
1/2” NPT
Flange to
ASME, thread
3/4” NPT
Flange to
ASME, thread
1” NPT
Flange to ASME,
thread 1” NPT
50 to 300 mm
45 to 300 mm
1.4401, 1.4435, 1.4571
TR88 / TC88, TMT162R / TMT162C, TR62 / TC62, TR65 / TC 65, TST90
TI154T/02
TI155T/02
TI156T/02
TA575
TA576
TI59T/02
TI230T/02
Barstock thermowells
Model
TA570
TA571
TA572
Design
Thermometer
connection
Process
connection
Neck/
extension
1/2” NPT
1/2” NPT, 1/2” BSP
1” NPT
Weld-in
30 to 300 mm
30 to 400 m
Flange to EN 1092 or ASME
50 to
300 mm
50 to
400 mm
1.4401, 1.4435, 1.4571
Material
TR88 / TC88, TMT162R / TMT162C, TR62 / TC62, TR65 / TC 65, TST90
Suitable for
Order number
for detailed
technical
information
1/2” NPT
TI160T/02
TI177T/02
TI161T/02
TI178T/02
TI179T/02
TI162T/02
TI163T/02
7
Process connections
The process connection is the connection between the process and the thermometer.
The following process connections are those most commonly used in the process industries:
Thread:
The most commonly used thread types are
NPT-, G- and M-threads:
• The ANSI B 1.20.1 NPT thread is a
U.S. thread norm for self-sealing pipe
threads. Sealing is achieved through
conical threads.
• G threads are cylindrical pipe threads
and seal using the sealing area above the
thread.
• M threads are metric threads which are
used at low process pressures. M threads
are frequently used on thermometers
that are to be screwed into already existing thermowells on site.
8
Compression fitting:
The thermometer is put into a sleeve in
the compression fitting and then clamped
using either a reusable compression ring or
destroyed olive. The compression fitting is
either screwed or welded into the process.
Flange:
Flanges are subject to the DIN or ANSI /
ASME standards. They are classified
according to material, diameter, hole pitch
and pressure rating.
To fulfill the strongly varying process
conditions a variety of sealing geometries
are available.
Hygienic process connections
Seals in hygienic process connections must be replaced at fixed intervals. Fast and simple exchange of the complete thermometer as well
as simple cleaning in the process have led to special hygienic process connections for the food & pharmaceutical industry.
Connection
Clamp to
ISO 2852
DIN
11851
DIN
11864
SMS
Weld-in
adapter
Screw-in
adapter
Varivent
Ingold
Metallic sealing connection
DN 8 / 18
DN 12 / 21.3
DN 25 / 38
DN 40 / 51
Tri-Clamp
½” / ¾”
DN 25
DN 32
DN 40
DN 50
DN 25
DN 40
DN 25
Cylindrical or
spheric cylinder
30 x 40 mm
G 1”, as for
Liquiphant M
DN 32 / 125,
D = 68 mm
DN 25, D = 50 mm
DN 10 / 15,
D = 31 mm
25 x 50 mm
G ½”
Design
Size
Metric-style: TR44, TR45, TMR35, TTR35
US-style: TSM470F / TSM470P, TH17, TH18
Available for
Terminal heads
The terminal heads, in which the terminal block or transmitter is installed, differ in shape and material depending on the application.
Materials used are: Plastic, varnished aluminum or stainless steel. All terminal heads have an internal form according to DIN 43729
(form B) as well as a thermometer connection of M24x1.5. The M20x1.5 cable glands supplied with the terminal heads are suitable for
cables with a diameter of 5 to 9 mm.
TA30A
IP
TA20B
66/67
Form B Standard (also with display)
TA20J
IP
Form BUK
IP
66/67
TA30D
65
IP
Form BUZH
TA20R
IP
TA20W
66
IP
66
Form BUS
TA21E
66/67
(also with display)
IP
TA30H
65
IP
66/67
(also with display)
TA30 - new terminal heads giving maximum comfort
• With high or low hinged cover.
• Simple connection cable feed by means
of a spiral cable guide well.
• With screw-on cover in explosion proof
• Easy access to mounting platform for
version (XP).
head transmitter or terminal block
• Cover with display window for process
installation.
value and diagnostic messaging display.
• Simple identification due to explicit
• Internal and external grounding screws.
nameplate positioning.
Terminal head with display,
hinged cover and display window
9
Transmitters
The task of transmitters is the transformation of the sensor signal into a stable and standardized signal. In the past, transmitters were
built using analog technology. In the meantime digital technology has gained acceptance, however, because it offers better measurement
accuracy at simultaneously higher flexibility.
Transmitters are typically offered in three distinctive types of
housing:
• As DIN rail mounted devices suitable for panel installation.
• As head transmitters for direct installation in thermometer
terminal heads.
• As field transmitters for direct connection in the process
areas.
Transmitters are configurable and support both numerous resistance sensor types and thermocouples. In order to obtain the
highest measurement precision, linearization characteristics for
every type of sensor are stored in the transmitter.
In addition, the measurement accuracy in modern transmitters can be improved by use of a specific ‘sensor-transmittermatching’ software. The complete measuring chain consisting
of transmitter and sensor is then matched with each other.
On the one hand, the standardized output signal in the process
measurement is a 4...20 mA signal, but also the internationally standardized field buses, such as HART®, PROFIBUS®
and FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus are used. The HART® protocol
serves mainly for a more convenient operation in combination with the 4...20 mA analog measured signal. PROFIBUS®
and FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus, however, transfer the real
measured value digitally and therefore offer cost savings by
simplifying the wiring.
Device configuration
PCP
Online configuration with SETUP connector, socket and
ReadWin® 2000 operating software.
10
The plug-on display TID10 can be used
in connection with a TMT84 or TMT85
head transmitter. Simply plug it onto the
head transmitter and the display will be
switched-on.
It displays information regarding the
actual measured value, the measurement
point identification and events of fault in
the measurement chain. DIP-switches
can be found on the rear of the display.
This enables the hardware set-up such
as the PROFIBUS® device address.
HART®
HART® signal for on-site or centralized device set-up using a
hand-held terminal or PC. Operation, visualization and maintenance at the PC using FieldCare, AMS, PDM or ReadWin® 2000
software.
iTEMP®, temperature transmitters
Field transmitters
Head and DIN rail transmitters
Type
Model
TMT180
TMT181
TMT121/111
TMT182
TMT122/112
TMT84
TMT85
TMT162
TMT142
TMT125
PC-interface,
universal
HART® interface, SIL2,
universal
PROFIBUS® PA,
2-channel,
back-up, drift,
universal
FOUNDATION™
Fieldbus,
2-channel,
back-up, drift,
universal
Safe, illuminated display,
2-chamber device, 2-channel,
back-up, drift, (SIL2, NE89 for
HART®), universal
Safe, illuminated display,
rotatable,
universal
For up to 8 input channels,
universal
Design
DIN rail
Special
features
Economical,
no galvanic
isolation
Pt50/100
Cu50/100
RTD input
GOST:
Pt50/100
Cu50/100
Pt50/100/
500/1000
Ni100/500/
1000
Cu50/100
GOST:
Pt50/100
Cu50/100
Polynom RTD
Pt50/100/ 200/500/1000
Ni100/120/1000
Cu10/50/100
Pt100
GOST: Pt50/100,
Cu50/100 (not for TMT142)
Polynom RTD
Callendar/Van Dusen
Pt100/500/
1000
Ni100/500/
1000
Polynom RTD
Pt50/100/
200/500/
1000
Ni100/120/
200
Cu10
TC input
-
B, C, D, R, S, E, J, K, L, N, T, U
B, E, J, K, N,
R, S, T
Ω input
-
10 to 2000 Ω
0 to 5200 Ω
mV input
-
Accuracy
(Pt100)
≤0.1 K / 0.08 %
(as option)
≤0.2 K
≤0.1 K
digital: ≤0.1 K
analog: 0.02% of the set span
≤0.2 K (≤0.15 K)
≤0.2 K
Approvals
FM/CSA: NI,
GL ship building approval,
UL to 3111-1
ATEX: Ex ia,
FM/CSA: IS,
UL to 3111-1,
Dust-Ex Zone 22,
GL ship building approval,
GOST, NEPSI
ATEX: Ex ia,
FM/CSA: IS,
Dust-Ex
Zone 22
ATEX: Ex ia, Ex d,
FM/CSA: IS, XP, DIP,
Dust-Ex Zone 21,
GL ship building approval,
GOST (for HART®), NEPSI,
IEC Ex
ATEX: Ex ia
Ex d,
FM/CSA:
IS, XP, DIP,
NEPSI,
IEC Ex
ATEX: Ex ia,
Ex nA,
FM: IS NI,
NEPSI,
IEC Ex
TI086R/09
TI107R/09
TI131R/09
Order number
for technical
documentation
TI088R/09
-10 to 100 mV
TI070R/09
TI087R/09
TI135R/09
-10 to 75 mV
TI078R/09
TI090R/09
TI114R/09
-20 to 100 mV
TI138R/09
TI134R/09
-100 to 150 mV
Fieldbus
Temperature transmitter for PROFIBUS® PA and FOUNDATION™
Fieldbus enables data exchange and operation using standardized
fieldbus protocols.
Endress+Hauser is one of the pioneers in fieldbus technology and
plays a worldwide leading role in the application of the HART®,
PROFIBUS® DP / PA and FOUNDATION™ fieldbus technology.
• Accredited PROFIBUS® competence center
• Engineering of field bus networks
• System integration checks
• Training courses, seminars
• Customer service
• Endress+Hauser’s own fieldbus laboratory
11
Compact thermometers
Simple, fast and economical
Cost efficiency and optimal use of space indicate modern process measuring technology. Particularly OEM
applications require fast delivery times, reliable operation as well as simple assembly and calibration of the
measurement technology used.
The compact families completely fulfill these requirements. They are easily commissioned, measure reliably, and
when required convert into standard signals and alert at alarm limit violation.
• Precise primary sensors, long-term stable electronics.
• Robust construction in stainless steel, compatible connection technology.
• Versatile process adapters, flexible sensor lengths.
• Simplest assembly as well as on-site and PC parameter set-up.
• Patented sensor concept.
Output signals
Direct access to the primary signal using highgrade cables in 3- or 4-wire connection or
4…20 mA access at the standard connection
socket – all selectable.
The electronics
The dimensions of the freely programmable measurement PCB in the Easytemp TMR31 are only
40 x 18 mm.
The Thermophant TTR31 can be set up using push
buttons and switches in the case of an alarm limit
violation.
The process connections
Stainless steel compression fittings, inch and metric threads ensure complete compatibility.
Hygienic process adapters and thermowells
fulfill the EHEDG-, 3A- and FDA requirements.
The sensors
Insulated or grounded thermocouples as well
as vibration-proof integrated thin-layer Pt100
guarantee the highest operational security at the
fastest response times.
12
Compact thermometers and switches
Product group
Model
Metric-style
US-style
TST310
TSC310
TMR31
TTR31
TH12
TH52
TH56
TSM470G
Compact RTD
resistance thermometer with
non-detachable
cable for plug-in
or screw-in
connection.
Compact TC
thermometer
with nondetachable cable
for plug-in or
screw-in
connection.
Compact
thermometer
with integrated
transmitter.
Short immersion
length, very fast
response times
Temperature
switch with 1 /
2 PNP switching outputs,
4...20 mA.
Compact RTD
resistance thermometer with
non-detachable
cable for plug-in
or screw-in
connection.
Compact TC
thermometer
with nondetachable cable
for plug-in or
screw-in
connection.
Compact TC
thermometer
with non-detachable plug
for plug-in or
screw-in connection.
Compact
thermometer
with integrated
transmitter,
4...20 mA
output.
UL to 3111-1,
GL ship building approval
UL 61010B-1
and CSA C22.2
No. 1010.1-92
Design
Special
features
ATEX Ex i
Approvals
Principle
Measurement
range
RTD
TC
-50 °C...+200 °C
Type J:
-40 °C...+750 °C
Type K:
-40 °C...+800 °C
RTD
-50 °C...
+200 °C
Order number
for technical
information
RTD
UL to 3111-1,
CSA GP
TC
-50 °C...
+150 °C
RTD
-58 °F ..+392 °F (-50 °C...+200 °C)
≤ 100 bar (dependent on process connection)
Process
pressure
Material
-
1.4404
1.4404,
2.4816
TI085T/02
TI255T/02
1.4404
TI123R/09
SS316L
Ra: 32 µ-inch electro-polished
TI105R/09
TI108R/24
TI111R/24
SS316L
TI101R/24
Monitoring of a supply pipework using compact thermometers and temperature switches
13
Modular thermometers for
general applications
Endress+Hauser offers a broad portfolio of temperature measurement technology for comprehensive solutions for almost all branches of
industry. The measurement principles used are RTD resistance sensors and thermocouples in the product series Omnigrad M TR1x and
Omnigrad M TC1x as well as the TH series in ANSI execution. Important points for the inclusion of the measurement point into the
process are the protection of the thermometers through thermowells and the process connection.
These thermometers are mainly used in the chemical industry, but they also find their use in other peripheral areas of the process
industry.
Product group
Model
Metric-style
TR10
TR11
TR12
TR13
TR15
TR88
TC10
TC12
TC13
Design
Thermowell
armature
• Thermowell
• Thread
• With neck
• Thermowell
• Thread
• Without neck
• Thermowell
• Compression
fitting
• Thermowell
• Flange
• With neck
• Weld-in
thermowell
• Flange
• With neck
• Thermowell
• Flange
• With neck
•
•
•
TC:
Type J, Type K
0 °C...+800 °C
ATEX I GD EEx ia
ATEX 1/2 GD EEx ia
Exapprovals
Thread
Process
connection
Compression
fitting
Flange to DIN
and ANSI
Fabricated thermowell out of tubing with welded tip
Flange to DIN
and ANSI or
for welding
Threaded connection to existing thermowell
Drilled
barstock
thermowell
1.4435, 1.4571, 2.4819, 2.4816
Thermowell
material
14
• Thermowell
• Compression
fitting
RTD:
-200...+600 °C
Sensor
measurement
range
Order
number for
technical
information
• Thermowell
• Thread
• With neck
MgO-sheathing, exchangeable;
diameter 6.0 mm
Measurement
insert
Thermowell
• Without
thermowell
• Thread
• With neck
TI256T/02
TI257T/02
TI258T/02
TI259T/02
TI260T/02
Flange to DIN
and ANSI
F
a
-
Fabricated thermowell out of tubing with welded tip
D
-
1.4435, 1.4571, 2.4819, 2.4816
TI271T/02
Thread
TI274T/02
Compression
fitting
TI275T/02
TI276T/02
US-style
TC15
• Weld-in
thermowell
• Flange
• With neck
TC88
• Without
thermowell
• Thread
• With neck
TH11
• Without
thermowell
• With nipple
TH13
• Thermowell
• With nipple
TH14
• Thermowell
• With nipple
• Flange
TH15
• Without
thermowell
• With nipple
TH51
• Without
thermowell
• With nipple
TH53
• Thermowell
• With nipple
TH54
• Thermowell
• With nipple
• Flange
TH55
• Without
thermowell
• With nipple
MgO-sheating, exchangeable;
diameter 6.0 mm
RTD:
-328 °F...+1112 °F
(-200 °C...+600 °C)
Flange to DIN
and ANSI or for
welding
Threaded connection to existing thermowell
Thread or
compression
fitting, fixed or
removable
Drilled barstock
thermowell
-
-
-
-
TI279T/02
TI108R/24
TI277T/02
TC:
Type J, Type K, Type E, Type N, Type T
-330 °F...+1600 °F (-200 °C...+870 °C)
CSA (IS, NI)
Thread or for
welding
Flange to ANSI
-
CSA (IS, NI)
Threaded connection to existing thermowell
Thread or
compression
fitting, fixed or
removable
Drilled barstock thermowell
-
-
Drilled barstock thermowell
-
SS316 or INCONEL® 600
-
-
SS316L, INCONEL® 600,
Hastelloy ® C276, Titanium, Monel®
-
TI110R/24
TI111R/24
Thread or for
welding
Flange to ANSI
Threaded connection to existing thermowell
TI112R/24
15
Temperature measurement in
the food & pharmaceutical branch
Typical processes in the food & pharmaceutical industry demand special functions such as fast response times and high
accuracy of temperature measurement. The process temperatures in food processes are in the range of -40 °C and 250 °C
and between -50 °C and 400 °C in pharmaceutical processes.
Allowable process pressures are dependent on the particular process connection and can be anywhere between atmosphere
and 100 bar.
Furthermore an important prerequisite is a hygienic design capable of cleaning in process (CIP) and
sterilization in process (SIP).
Requirements at a glance
Metric-style
US-style
Terminal head
Metric-style: Stainless steel housing, hygienic
and easy to clean.
US-style: Plastic housing (FDA conformity)
with screw cap or field transmitter in stainless
steel housing, hygienic.
Optional with measured value display.
Neck
Fixed neck with diameters
11.0 mm or 15.0 mm.
Process connection
Clamp ISO 2852, DIN 11851,
APV-Inline, Varivent, Ingold,
Conical metal-metal,
Inline weld-in systems,
Weld-in adapter and compression fitting.
Process wetted parts / thermowell
Material: SS316L/1.4435,
Surface roughness <0.4 µm,
Fabricated or barstock thermowell.
16
Food & pharmaceutical product basket
Product group
Metric-style
Model
US-style
TMR35
TTR35
TR44
TR45
TR47
TR48
TSM470F
TSM470P
TH17
TH18
Compact
thermometer
Temperature
switch
Thermometer, nonexchangeable
measurement
insert
Thermometer,
exchangeable
measurement
insert
Thermometer,
with weld-in
thermowell,
exchangeable
measurement
insert
Thermometer,
for welding,
exchangeable
measurement
insert
Compact
thermometer
TSM470F for
food
TSM470P for
pharma.
Thermometer
with terminal
head for use
in food applications
Thermometer
with terminal
head for use
in pharma
applications
-
-
-
EEx i
EEx i
-
-
-
-
Design
Special
features
Ex-approvals
RTD
Principle
RTD
-50 °C...+150 °C
Range
≤ 100 bar
Process
pressure
(dependent
on process
connection)
-50 °C...+200 °C
RTD
-50 °C...+400 °C
≤ 50 bar
≤ 170 bar
-50 °C...+200 °C
-58 °F...+392 °F (-50 °C...+200 °C)
≤ 140 bar
≤ 100 bar
Material
1.4404
Ra<0,4 µm; electro-polished
Response
time
t90: 1.5 s
t90: 13 s
t90: 11 s
t90: 10 s
Clamp, DIN 11851
Clamp: Mini-Clamp DIN 11851
Liquiphant M, Ingold, Varivent
aseptic DIN 11864;
Metal-Metal
Weld-in
connection
Compression
fitting
Process
connection
Output
signal
Order
number for
technical
information
Pt100 4-wire,
4...20 mA
1 / 2 PNP,
4...20 mA
TI123R/09
TI105R/09
1.4435
Ra<0,4 µm; electro-polished
SS316L
Ra: 32 µ-inch;
electro-polished
Pt100 3/4-wire, 4...20 mA,
HART®, PROFIBUS® PA, FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus
TI244T/02
TI247T/02
t63: 2 s
SS316L
Ra: 20 µ-inch;
electro-polished
t63: 3 s
t63: 2 s
Clamp
Pt100 4-wire,
4...20 mA
Pt100 3/4-wire 4...20 mA,
HART®, PROFIBUS® PA,
FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus
TI101R/24
TI109R/24
Approvals / certificates / tests
3A:
All thermometers fulfill the 3A Hygiene Standards for sensors, connections and fittings, No. 74-03.
EHEDG:
TR44 and TR45 have a number of EHEDG approvals.
FDA:
The materials used fulfill the FDA requirements.
ASME BPE 2002:
The TH18 fulfills the requirements in the ASME-BPE Standard 2002 for Bioprocessing Equipment.
EN 10204-3.1:
A certificate to EN 10204-3.1 for materials and surface roughness is available for all devices.
17
Temperature measurement in Oil & Gas
The Oil & Gas industry is divided into the areas, “Up-stream – exploration and support”, “Mid-stream – transportation” and “Downstream – processing”. Different, very high requirements are made in these areas on the measurement technology used.
Requirements at a glance
With display
Without display
Terminal head / communication
Field transmitter with display
in 316L stainless steel for off-shore application.
Terminal head with screw cap.
PC-programmable, with HART® protocol,
PROFIBUS® PA or FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus.
Neck / extension
Coupling piece with integrated flame path barrier,
Nipple-Union-Nipple (NUN).
Process connection
Flange to ASME/ANSI,
“Full penetration welding”,
“Greylock” connections,
Weld-in connection.
Process wetted parts / thermowell
Process wetted parts in stainless steel:
316L / 1.4404,
316Ti / 1.4571
or Hastelloy C 276 / 2.4819;
Barstock material for highest process pressures.
18
Oil & Gas product basket
Model
TR61 /
TC61
TR62 /
TC62
TR63 /
TC63
TR65 /
TC65
TR66 /
TC66
TMT162R /
TMT162C
TMT142R /
TMT142C
T13 / T53
T14 / T54
T15 / T55
Thermometer with
fabricated
thermowell
Thermometer for
screwing
into an
existing
thermowell
Thermometer with
fabricated
thermowell
Thermometer
without
thermowell
with direct
medium
contact
Thermometer with
barstock
thermowell
Thermometer with
either
fabricated
or barstock
thermowell, with
TMT162
in a dual
chamber
housing
Thermometer with
either
fabricated
or barstock
thermowell, with
TMT142
in a single
chamber
housing
Thermometer with
stepped
thermowell
and spring
loaded measurement
insert
Thermometer with
flanged
thermowell
and spring
loaded measurement
insert
Thermometer for
screwing
into an
existing
thermowell
Design
Special
features
Approvals
ATEX Ex d, ATEX Ex ia
FM / CSA XP Class 1, Div. 1
Measurement
principle
RTD,
TC: Type J or K
RTD,
TC: Type J, Type K, Type E, Type N, Type T
RTD: -330 °F...+1110 °F (-200 °C...+600 °C)
TC: 32 °F...+1470 °F (0 °C...+800 °C)
RTD: -58 °F...+392 °F (-50 °C...+200 °C)
TC: -330 °F...+1600 °F (-200 °C...+870 °C)
Measurement range
Process
pressure
(dependent
on process
connection)
100 bar
Dependent
on thermowell
80 bar
100 bar
Wetted parts
material
1.4404 /
SS316L;
1.4571 /
SS316Ti;
2.4819 /
Hastelloy®
C276
Dependent
on thermowell
1.4404 /
SS316L;
1.4749 /
SS446;
2.4816 /
INCONEL® 600
1.4404 /
SS316L
1.4404 / SS316L;
1.4749 / SS446;
2.4819 / Hastelloy® C276;
Monel®;
2.4816 / INCONEL® 600
Thread,
compression fitting,
Flange
Thread
Thread,
compression fitting,
Flange
Thread,
compression
fitting
Thread, Flange
Process
connection
480 bar
4...20 mA, HART®,
PROFIBUS® PA, FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus
Output
signal
Order
number for
technical
information
480 bar
TR61:
TI280T/02
TC61:
TI285T/02
TR62:
TI281T/02
TC62:
TI286T/02
TR63:
TI282T/02
TC63:
TI287T/02
TR65:
TI283T/02
TC65:
TI288T/02
TR66:
TI284T/02
TC66:
TI289T/02
TMT162R:
TI266T/02
TMT162C:
TI267T/02
480 bar
Dependent on thermowell
1.4404 / SS316L;
2.4816 / INCONEL® 600;
2.4819 / Hastelloy® C276;
Titanium; Monel®
Thread,
welded connection
Flange
Dependent
on thermowell
Thread
4...20 mA,
HART®
4...20 mA, HART®, PROFIBUS® PA,
FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus
TMT142R:
TI128R/09
TMT142C:
TI129R/09
T13, T14, T15: TI126R/24
T53, T54, T55: TI127R/24
Approvals / certificates / tests
NACE (MR0175):
Suitability test of materials for acid gas surroundings by approval test EN 10204 3.1 listed in the
NACE standard MR0175.
Dye penetrant testing:
Dye penetrant testing to the ASME V and ASME VIII guidelines.
X-ray test certificate:
X-ray test certificate for thermowell welding seams in accordance with ASME V – ASME VIII.
Thermowell calculation:
Thermowell calculation according to ASME PTC 19.3 using customer specific pressure,
temperature and flow rate values.
Helium leakage test:
Sealing tightness test.
Pressure test:
Thermowell internal and external pressure test according to PED (Pressure Equipment Directive) in
Europe or CRN (Canadian Registration Number) in North- and Central America.
19
High temperature applications
In glass smelters, flue gas applications and in the brick and ceramics industries temperatures up to 1700 °C can occur. This requires
special thermometers with ceramic thermowells and thermocouples made from special metals, such as platinum and rhodium.
The ceramic thermowell external and sandwich coatings act as diffusion barriers. They serve as protection of the measurement point
from mechanical and chemical damages in the process, e.g. from abrasive gases. The ceramic thermowell inner sheath is the ceramic
capillary. It has the purpose of feeding and insulating the thermo wires. A higher number of ceramic protection coatings increases the
life time of the measurement point.
Important influences are:
• Ceramic thermowell material and
temperature limit values.
• Temperature shocks in the process.
• Gases and vapors.
• Reducing and neutral atmospheres.
High temperature measurement
in a lime furnace - with remote
mounted head transmitter
Requirement at a glance
Terminal head
Form A terminal head
Process connection
Gas tight compression fitting,
adjustable flange
or flat face flange according to DIN 43734
Process wetted parts / thermowell
Ceramic thermowell - external and dividing
coating as diffusion barrier,
Ceramic thermowell - internal coating as thermo
wire feeder and insulation
Sensor / measurement insert
Thermocouples type J, K (TAF11, TAF12) or
type B, S, R (TAF16) for application at high
temperatures, with ceramic or mineral coating
The diameter of the thermo wires for thermometers in the TAF series must be defined for high temperatures. The higher the process
temperature is, the larger the thermo wire diameter has to be chosen.
20
Product overview TAF1x
high temperature thermometers
Model
TAF11
TAF12S
TAF12D
TAF12T
TAF16
Temperature measurement in glass or ceramic
furnaces. With ceramic
thermowell external
coating
Temperature measurement in glass or ceramic
furnaces. With ceramic
thermowell external
coating
Temperature measurement in glass or ceramic
furnaces. With double
ceramic thermowell-internal coating and simple
external coating
Temperature measurement in glass or ceramic
furnaces. With ceramic
thermowell-internal coating, dividing coating and
external coating
Temperature measurement
in brick and metal production industries. With metal
thermowell and ceramic
thermowell
internal coating
Design
Special
features
1x or 2x TC
Measurement
principle
Measurement
range
Type K: -40 °C...+1260 °C
Type J: -40 °C...+760 °C
Max. immersion length /
coating diameter
1200 mm
1200 mm
1200 mm
1200 mm
1200 mm
14 mm
17 mm
24 mm
9 mm
14 mm
15 mm
24 mm
26 mm
14 mm
17 mm
21.3 mm
26.7 mm
Material:
External coating
Ceramic C610
Ceramic C530, C610, C799
Ceramic C530, C610, C799
Ceramic C530, C610, C799
1.4841, 1.4401, 1.4749,
2.4816
Dividing coating
-
-
Ceramic C610, C799
Ceramic C610, C799
-
Internal coating
-
-
-
Ceramic C610, C799
Process
connection
Order number
for technical
information
Type S: 0 °C...+1480 °C
Type R: 0 °C...+1480 °C
Type B: +600 °C...+1700 °C
Adjustable flange
Type K: -40 °C...+1260 °C
Type J: -40 °C...+760 °C
Ceramic C610
Adjustable flange,
gas tight compression
fitting,
flat faced flange to
DIN 43734
TI251T/02
Ceramic materials
C530
Ceramic type C530 according to DIN VDE0335 (Al2O3 content approx. 73-75 %) is the most economic porous ceramic material.
It is mainly used as an external thermowell because the material has a very good resistance against temperature shocks.
Temperature limit value: 1400 °C.
C610
Ceramic type C610 according to DIN VDE0335 (Al2O3 content approx. 60%, alkali content 3%) is the most economic non-porous ceramic
material. It is used for internal and external thermowells as well as for insulators because the material is very resistant to fluorine hydrogen acid, temperature shocks and mechanical influences.
Temperature limit value: 1500 °C.
C799
Ceramic type C799 according to DIN VDE0335 (Al2O3 content approx. 99.7%) is the best material that can be used for internal and
external thermowells as well as for insulators. The material is resistant to fluorine hydrogen acidic gases and alkaline vapors, oxidizing,
reducing and neutral atmospheres as well as to temperature changes. The material shows the highest purity and a lower porosity (gas
density) compared with all other ceramic types.
Temperature limit value: 1800 °C.
21
Temperature Solutions
Temperature Solutions comprise custom-designed equipment which is conceived for special applications. Examples are measurement
points for multi-point sensors, tube skin (surface measurement) sensors, thermocouples and thermowells.
The combination of process conditions which bring about high temperatures as well as high flow velocities in aggressive and corrosive
media requires special design and engineering of custom-made thermowells and sensors. With these components temperature measurement can be handled in applications such as hydro desulfurization, hydro crackers, reactors, storage tanks, process containers and boilers
with the required reliability and precision.
Temperature measurement in process reactors
In catalyst bed reactors temperature measurement must be carried out three dimensionally at a number of predefined points. The different installation conditions caused by throttles and nozzles require a specific application knowledge and engineering experience to
guarantee the safety of the system.
Special process connections from Endress+Hauser have proven their functional safety in such reactor applications world wide.
Process reactor showing the different process
connections
Process connection with better
performance
The safety chamber is the heart of the
system. It is simultaneously process connection, second safety barrier and interface
for service activities and maintenance.
Safety chamber
22
Maintenance of an installed
safety chamber
The advantages of the safety chamber are:
• Defective thermocouples can be replaced
without switching off the process.
• The process can be contained in the
case of thermowells break (PED certified
chamber).
• Up to 15 thermocouples can be installed
through one reactor connection.
Multi-point thermocouples
Multi-point thermocouples are custom-made for applications in high pressure
process reactors.
In these applications a temperature profile for control of the process in the reactor
is measured and recorded. The challenge is to use as little space as possible for the
measurement points and to obtain a response time of only a few seconds. With
up-to-date manufacturing and sensor technology, up to 15 measurement points
can be built in a pipe with external diameter of 6 mm. Each of these measurement
points is able to obtain a fastest response time of 3 seconds.
Measurement point positioning in
a process reactor (top view)
Multi-point connection flange
Installation of a multi-point thermocouple
Tube-skin thermocouples
Tube skin thermocouples are designed
and made-to-measure for individual applications and the furnace construction.
Here the Endress+Hauser Hastelloy X pad
thermocouple assembly has set standards
in the industry and is today one of the
most used tube skins (surface mounted
sensors). For very rough environments
Endress+Hauser can on request supply heat
protection and insulation shields as well as
glass fiber tubes for certain applications.
Approvals and certificates
High standards at the engineering, design stages and different tests during the production as well as final tests and controls counteract
an early wear and tear failure of the equipment.
Qualified electric arc welding
DNV-Type tested high pressure
thermowell
Safety chamber with PED certificate
(97/23/EC)
23
Test center
Extensive measurement and test equipment are available for safeguarding the quality and continuous optimization of the thermometer,
thermowell and transmitters.
Here, for example, the quality of welding and soldered connections are visually
tested with micro- and endoscope and by
X-ray examination.
Using dye penetration tests, ultrasound
test, helium leakage test, pressure
endurance test, insulation and vibration
checks as well as various, non-destructive
material tests the quality of materials and
processing is proven.
Positive material identification (PMI) and optical quality control
Performance test at 900 °C in a furnace and hydrostatic pressure test
The response time of measurement insert with and without thermowell is measured and tested in a water velocity test installation according to VDI / VDE 3522
or IEC EN 60751.
Wire spiral of a wire wound sensor
with approx. 20 µm wire diameter
Smallest details up to 1 µm in thermometers can be recognized with precise
X-ray equipment without having to open it
or to destroy it.
Checking the sensor response time in a water velocity test unit
24
Calibration and approvals
SIT-EA accredited calibration laboratory
Water triple cell
With their know-how and excellent equipment (high stable temperature baths and furnaces, fixed point cells, precision thermometers) the accredited calibration laboratories realize calibration
of thermometers to the lowest possible measurement uncertainty
and traceable to national standards and the ITS90 international
temperature scale:
• Fixed point calibration in the water triple point cell and at the
ice point (measurement uncertainty < 5 mK).
• Comparison calibration of resistance thermometers and thermocouples with precision thermometers from -80 °C…+400 °C in
very homogenous and stable calibration baths (measurement uncertainty 20…100 mK) and up to 1100 °C in calibration furnaces
with a measurement uncertainty of ≤ 500 mK.
• High precision resistance measurement (1 ppm accuracy) and
thermo voltage measurement (sub-µV accuracy).
• Sensor-transmitter-matching for additional reduction of the
thermometer measurement uncertainty.
ITS90 calibrated, SPRT (Standard Platinum Resistance Thermometer) reference thermometer
Ice bath zero point calibration
Certificates issued:
• Detailed works or SIT- / DKD calibration
certificates with measurement results,
calibrating uncertainties to GUM or
DIN V ENV 13005 and identification
curve approximations like Calendar/
Van Dusen coefficients.
• Testimonials in accordance with
paragraph 3.1 EN 10204 regarding
material compositions (if necessary with
smelt composition) and surface roughness.
25
Planning, commissioning and maintenance tools
Temperature measurement technology is the oldest measuring principle with an correspondingly long history. Over the years more
than 50 important standards to be observed by process industries have established themselves worldwide. Through these standards the
individual components of a temperature measurement point such as the measurement insert, thermowell, terminal head, transmitter etc.
are easily defined. With modern software tools it is possible today to manage the complexity and easily design the suitable thermometer
for the right application.
Configuration
Selection
Applicator selection
During the planning of measurement points the course is set
right at the beginning, in the basic engineering phase. An
optimally designed thermometer has many advantages:
• Reliable and accurate measured value.
• Low risk of later device failures.
• Constant process quality.
For years the Applicator Selection has been one of the most
proven assistance programs in the choice and lay-out of gages.
Long-standing industry specific experience and expert specialized knowledge are in the applicator. Measurement points can
be fast and simply designed without great technical knowledge and without extensive research work.
For the choice of the suitable thermometer the most important
parameters such as medium, pressure and temperature are requested in the Applicator Selection. With these details the tool
makes an initial suggestion which can then be filtered further.
The suggested device type technical data can be compared in
a table. On the other hand the result is a thermometer type
which meets all requirements but is also not technically over
dimensioned.
The efficient choice of a suitable thermometer saves
engineering time and cost.
Further information can be found under:
www.products.endress.com/applicator
26
Configurator+Temperature
When configuring a measurement point numerous standards
and guidelines must be taken into account. This software supports the necessary detailed engineering:
• Avoids time consuming catalog research.
• Delivers the correct order code.
• Increases the engineering productivity.
The Configurator+Temperature is a software which graphically
supports the configuration of the selected thermometer type.
The selected thermometer is put together in detail step by step.
This starts with the geometry of the sensor tip, the process
connection, the neck and ends with the choice of the terminal
head and transmitter. Every step is supported in detail by illustrations and a knowledge database.
Not only all worldwide standards are deposited in the knowledge database for temperature measurement technology but
also background information about the process industries,
such as explosion protection and hygienic processes. The
Configurator+Temperature therefore leads to an ordering structure
and increases the quality of the detail engineering.
Set-up
Production
Common Equipment Record
When ordering a thermometer the result of the engineering
is submitted to Endress+Hauser in form of an order structure.
The associated data is not lost but is saved electronically as a
birth certificate at the production of the thermometer. This
database is called the “Common Equipment Record” and in
turn is available to the customer for the complete life cycle of
the thermometer. This function is part of the Web supported
Asset Management (W@M) software from Endress+Hauser.
The customer can load all data to the device from the Internet
and therefore optimize his own asset management. This is
becoming more and more important in the process industries
because, by optimizing supplies, considerable cost savings can
be made in the life cycle of a production plant.
Therefore, in addition to the order details, the thermometer
serial number and, if required, a measurement point identifier
(TAG), calibration details and test certificates can be placed
into the ‘Common Equipment Record’. Since the customer can
access all this data during operation:
• Access to information on the measurement point is easy.
• Spare parts are quickly found during the operation phase.
• Down time is minimized.
Fieldcare
For the operation and maintenance of field devices completely
new prospects open up for the use of globally standardized
‘Field Device Technology’ (FDT).
With the assistance of ‘Device Type Managers’ (DTM):
• all commonly used field devices,
• independent from manufacturer,
• can be set up using an operating software.
The software Fieldcare is used for these worldwide FDT /
DTM standards and therefore simplifies the parameter setting
of thermometers and other field devices.
Basis functions of Fieldcare are:
• Maintenance of the connection to the field devices
(point to point or per fieldbus systems).
• Easily read display of all device parameters.
• Configuration of measurement devices (on-line and off-line).
• Documentation of configuration and measurement point
data (also in PDF format).
• Archiving and storage of device data as files
(up-/download).
• Device status display for fast fault diagnosis.
Furthermore Fieldcare offers extended functions which
support the asset management of the customer. There is an
automatic interface to W@M and the birth certificate of the
field device. All data from the engineering phase is therefore
passed on electronically via ‘Common Equipment Record’ up
to the device commissioning. This not only saves time but also
avoids faults caused by mix-up.
27
Global partner - local presence
Endress+Hauser –
worldwide
Further information see:
www.endress.com/worldwide
Further documentation and order code
for detailed information on thermometers, transmitters and thermowells see last lines of the tables inside.
• Competence in Temperature
CP002R/09/en
• Calibration of Thermometers
CP004R/09/en
• Engineered Temperature
for the petrochemical industry
CP003R/09/en
• System components
FA016K/16/en
• Tailor-made field instrumentation
Measurement and control in the process
industries
FI001Z/00/en
• W@M
Web enabled Asset Management
supporting your business
CP001Z/00/
CP001Z/00/en
12.06/I.I.
Instruments International
Endress+Hauser
Instruments International AG
Kaegenstrasse 2
4153 Reinach
Switzerland
Tel. +41 61 715 81 00
Fax +41 61 715 25 00
http://www.endress.com
info@ii.endress.com
FA006T/09/en/03.09
51007834
KKW/INDD CS2
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