Emtec EKCOWI200

Emtec EKCOWI200
COPYRIGHT
Copyright 2007/2008 by this company. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system,
or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the
prior written permission of this company.
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied,
with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties,
merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this
manual is sold or licensed "as is". Should the programs prove defective following
their purchase, the buyer (and not this company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes
the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential
damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further, this company reserves
the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in the
contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or
registered trademarks of their respective holders.
Federal Communication Commission
Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.
The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20cm (8
inches) during normal operation.
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC OF
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL of March 9, 1999 on radio
equipment and telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition of
their conformity (R&TTE)
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC
(Telecommunications Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment) As
of April 8, 2000.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install
and use it. However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock
and static electricity when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this and
of the computer manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the
safe use of the equipment.
EU Countries Intended for Use
The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states:
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
EU Countries Not intended for use
None.
CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................1
1.1 Features.............................................................................................................................1
1.2 Specifications....................................................................................................................1
1.3 Package Contents..............................................................................................................2
2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE ..............................................................3
3 SETUP WIZARD........................................................................................10
4 CONFIGURATION UTILITY ................................................................14
3.1 Utility Overview.............................................................................................................15
3.2 Available Network...........................................................................................................17
3.3 General............................................................................................................................18
3.4 Profile..............................................................................................................................20
3.4.1 Configure the Profile...................................................................................................................21
3.5 Advanced.........................................................................................................................25
3.6 Status...............................................................................................................................28
3.7 Statistics..........................................................................................................................29
3.8 Wi-Fi Protected Setup.....................................................................................................30
3.9 Software AP....................................................................................................................31
3.8.1 AP Properties Setting..................................................................................................................32
3.8.2 AP Advanced.................................................................................................................................33
3.8.3 AP Statistics..................................................................................................................................34
3.8.4 ICS..................................................................................................................................................35
5 TROUBLESHOOTING.............................................................................36
1 Introduction
Thank you for purchasing EMTEC 802.11g Wireless LAN USB Adapter. This adapter complies with
IEEE 802.11g standard, which supports up to 54Mbps high-speed wireless network connections. It can
also work with IEEE 802.11b devices. When the adapter connects to 11b devices, the link speed will
be up to 11Mbps.
For WLAN security issues, this adapter supports 64/128-bit WEP data encryption that protects your
wireless network from eavesdropping. It also supports WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) feature
technology. Client users are required to authorize before accessing to APs or AP Routers, and the
data transmitted in the network is encrypted/decrypted by a dynamically changed secret key.
Furthermore, this adapter supports WPA2 function, WPA2 provides a stronger encryption mechanism
through AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), which is a requirement for some corporate and
government users.
The power consumption of the adapter is also very low. Furthermore, this adapter provides several
levels of power saving modes allowing user customizes the way of saving the power from his/her
portable or handheld devices.
This adapter is cost-effective, together with the versatile features; it is the best solution for you to build
your wireless network.
1.1 Features
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Works with both IEEE 802.11b and IEEE 802.11g products.
High-speed transfer data rate - up to 54Mbps.
High throughput supports multi-media data bandwidth requirement.
Supports 64/128-bit WEP Data Encryption, WPA/WPA2 (TKIP with IEEE 802.1x) and AES.
Automatic fallback increases data security and reliability.
Supports the most popular operating system: Windows 98SE/Me/2000/XP/Vista.
Supports USB 2.0 interface.
1.2 Specifications
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Standard: IEEE 802.11b/g
Interface: USB 2.0 Type A
Frequency Band: 2.4000 ~ 2.4835GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical Band)
Modulation: OFDM with BPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM (11g)
BPSK, QPSK, CCK (11b)
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Data Rate: 54/48/36/24/18/12/11/9/6/5.5/2/1Mbps auto fallback
Security: 64/128-bit WEP Data Encryption, WPA/WPA2 (TKIP with IEEE 802.1x) and AES
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Antenna: Printed Antenna
Drivers: Windows 98SE/Me/2000/XP/Vista
LEDs: Link/Activity
Transmit Power: 11g: 14±1dBm, 11b: 17±1dBm
Dimension: 9(H) x 27(W) x 87(D) mm
Temperature: 32~131°F (0 ~55°C)
Humidity: Max. 95% (NonCondensing)
Certification: FCC, CE
1.3 Package Contents
Before you begin the installation, please check the items of your package. The package should include
the following items:
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One USB Adapter
One CD (Driver/Utility/User’s Manual)
One User Manual
If any of the above items is missing, contact your supplier as soon as possible.
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2 Installation Procedure
Before you proceed with the installation, please notice following descriptions.
Note 1: The following installation was operated under Windows Vista. (Procedures are similar
for Windows 98SE/Me/2000/XP.)
Note 2: If you have installed the Wireless Adapter driver & utility before, please uninstall the
old version first.
I. Install the Driver and Utility
A. Insert the Installation CD to your CD-ROM Drive. Execute the “Setup.exe” program.
B. Select the Setup Language and click “Next” to proceed.
C. Click “Next” to start installing driver and utility.
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D. Click “Install” to start the installation.
E. The system starts to install the driver and utility.
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F. Click “Finish” to complete the software installation.
G. Please plug the USB adapter into the USB port of the computer.
H. The system will auto detect the USB adapter and complete the drivers installation for the adapter
automatically.
I.
You are now able to use the USB adapter.
II. Connect to Wireless Access Point
A. To start configuring the adapter, double click the icon in the system tray.
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B. The utility of the adapter is displayed. Click “Available Network” and double-click on the wireless
access point you want to connect to.
C. Input the security setting if the Access Point has enabled the security and click “OK” to start
network connection.
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* Use Windows Zero Configuration on Windows Vista:
For Windows Vista user, you can use Windows Zero Configuration to connect to wireless access point.
A. Click ‘Start’ button, then click ‘Control Panel. Click ‘Network and Internet’ in Control Panel.
B. Click ‘Connect to a network’ under ‘Network and Sharing Center’.
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C. Click the access point you want to use if it’s shown, then click ‘Connect’.
D. If it’s an unnamed access point (i.e. the SSID of this wireless access point is hidden), you’ll be
prompted input it’s name, and the name must be identical to the SSID setting of the wireless
access point you’re connecting to. Click ‘Next’.
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E. If the access point is protected by encryption method, you have to input its security or passphrase
here. It must match the encryption setting on the access point. Click ‘Connect’.
F. If you can see this image, the connection between your computer and wireless access point is
successfully established. Click ‘Close’ to start network connection.
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3 Setup Wizard
The utility supports a quick setup wizard for you to connect to the wireless network simply. Please
follow the step below to run the setup wizard.
A. From the menu in the utility, select “Set Wizard”.
B. Select “Station (Infrastructure)” if you want to connect to the wireless network through access point
or select “Station (ad hoc)” to connect to a peer-to-peer network. Click “Next”.
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C. The site survey results will show up. Please select the one you’d like to connect to and click the
“Next” button.
D. In the Wireless network properties dialog, please fill in the security settings for this wireless network
you’d like to connect to and click “OK”.
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E. Please specify the IP settings for this wireless network or select to obtain the IP Address from the
wireless access point directly. It is recommended to select “Obtain an IP address automatically” and
“Obtain DNS server address automatically”. Please be sure that the IP Address of the adapter is in
the same network segment with the wireless access point and click the “Finish” button.
For example: Assume that the wireless access point’s IP Address is 192.168.2.1 and the subnet
mask is 255.255.255.0. Your computer can be configured to obtain IP Address automatically through
the DHCP Server of the access point or a fixed IP Address in order to be in the same subnet as the
router. The available IP Address for your computer will be 192.168.2.2 to 192.168.2.254 and the
subnet mask is 255.255.255.0.
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F. Now you can connect to the wireless network successfully.
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4 Configuration Utility
The Configuration Utility is a powerful application that helps you configure the Wireless LAN USB
Adapter and monitor the link status and the statistics during the communication process.
The Configuration Utility appears as an icon on the system tray and desktop of Windows. You can
open it by double-click on the icon.
In the Desktop
In the System Tray
Right click the icon in the system tray there are some items for you to operate the configuration utility.

Open Config Utility
Select “Open Config Utility” to open the configuration utility.
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Setup Wizard
Select “SetupWizard” to open the setup wizard.
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About
Select “About” to show the utility information.
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Hide
Select “Hide” to hide the utility in the system tray.
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Quit
Select “Quit” to close the utility.
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3.1 Utility Overview
There are several parts in the utility screen. Please refer to the following table for the description.
A
E
B
C
D
Parameter
A
B
C
Description
Refresh – Refresh adapter list in the “B“ block.
SetWizard – Open the setup wizard for quick start the wireless
connection.
Mode – There are two modes: Station and Access Point. If
“Station“ is selected, the adapter works as a wireless adapter. If
“Access Point“ is selected, the adapter will works as a wireless
AP.
View – Enable “Status Bar“ and the “D“ block in the utility will
display the current status of the utility.
About – To check the version of the utility, select this item.
This is a list for you to configure several adapters in your PC from
the utility.
Show Tray Icon – To show the icon in the system tray, select the
item.
Radio Off – This function is for you to turn off or turn on the radio
of the adapter. If the radio is turned off, the adapter will not work.
Disable Adapter – This function is for you to disable or enable
the adapter.
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Parameter
Description
D
It is the status bar that displays the current status of the utility. To
close it, please disable the “Status Bar“ in the “View“ item.
E
There are several tabs in the block for you to setup the function of
the adapter. Please refer to the description in the following
sections.
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3.2 Available Network
When you open the Configuration Utility, the system will scan all the channels to find all the access
points/stations within the accessible range of your adapter and automatically connect to the wireless
network with the highest signal strength. From the “Available Network” tab, all the networks nearby will
be listed. You can change the connection to another network.
Parameter
Description
Available Network(s)
This list shows all information of the available wireless networks
within the range of your adapter. The information includes SSID,
Channel, Encryption, Network Authentication, Signal and etc. If
you want to connect to any network on the list, double-click the
selected network.
Refresh
Click “Refresh“ to update the available networks list. It is
recommended that refresh the list while you have changed the
connection network.
Add to Profile
A profile stores the setting of a network, so that you can connect
to the network quickly. To add the selected network to a profile,
click this button.
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3.3 General
To check the connection status of the adapter, select “General“. This screen shows the information of
Link Speed, Network Type, Encryption Method, SSID, Signal Strength, Link Quality and Network
Address of the adapter.
Parameter
Description
Status
It will show the connection status of the adapter.
Speed
It shows the current speed
Type
Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence of
an 802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the
Access Point or Router.
IBSS – Select this mode if you want to connect to another
wireless stations in the Wireless LAN network without through an
Access Point or Router.
Encryption
It displays the encryption setting of the current connection
including None, WEP, TKIP or AES.
SSID
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique
name identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional
merging of two co-located WLANs.
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Parameter
Description
Signal Strength
It indicates the wireless signal strength.
Link Quality
It indicates the wireless link quality.
Network Address
It shows the MAC, IP address and other information of the
adapter.
Renew IP
Click this button to renew the network address settings of the
adapter.
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3.4 Profile
The “Profiles List” is for you to manage the networks you connect to frequently. You are able to
Add/Remove/Edit/Duplicate/Set Default to manage a profile.
Parameter
Description
Available Profile(s)
This list shows the preferred networks for the wireless
connection. You can add, remove, edit, duplicate the preferred
networks or set one of the networks as the default connection.
Add/ Remove/ Edit Button
Click these buttons to add/ delete/ edit the selected profiles.
Duplicate
If you like to build up the new profile with the same settings as the
current profile, then you can select this feature.
Set Default
To designate a profile as the default network for the connection
from the available profiles list, click the button.
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3.4.1 Configure the Profile
Parameter
Description
This is a computer-to-computer
There are two kinds of network type described as follows.
(ad hoc) network; wireless access Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence of
points are not used.
an 802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the
Access Point or Router.
Ad Hoc – Connect to another wireless adapter in the Wireless
LAN network without through an Access Point or Router.
If this item is selected, the adapter will work in Ad Hoc mode.
Profile Name
Define a recognizable profile name for you to identify the different
networks.
Network Name (SSID)
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique
name identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional
merging of two co-located WLANs.
You may specify a SSID for the adapter and then only the device
with the same SSID can interconnect to the adapter.
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Parameter
Description
Channel
This setting is only available for Ad Hoc mode. Select the number
of the radio channel used for the networking. The channel setting
should be the same with the network you are connecting to.
Network Authentication
This setting has to be consistent with the wireless networks that
the adapter intends to connect. Note that in Windows Vista, the
adapter only supports Open System, Shared Key, WPA-PSK and
WPA2-PSK security methods.
Open System – No authentication is needed among the wireless
network.
Shared Key – Only wireless stations using a shared key (WEP
Key identified) are allowed to connecting each other.
WPA-PSK – It is a special mode designed for home and small
business users who do not have access to network authentication
servers. In this mode, known as Pre-Shared Key, the user
manually enters the starting password in their access point or
gateway, as well as in each wireless stations in the network.
WPA-PSK takes over automatically from that point, keeping
unauthorized users that don’t have the matching password from
joining the network, while encrypting the data traveling between
authorized devices.
WPA2-PSK – WPA2-PSK is also for home and small business.
The difference between WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK is that WPA2PSK provides data encryption via the AES. In contrast, WPA-PSK
uses Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP).
WPA 802.1X – WPA provides a scheme of mutual authentication
using either IEEE 802.1x/Extensible Authentication Protocol
(EAP) authentication or pre-shared key (PSK) technology. It
provides a high level of assurance to enterprises, small
businesses and home users that data will remain protected and
that only authorized users may access their networks. For
enterprises that have already deployed IEEE 802.1x
authentication, WPA offers the advantage of leveraging existing
authentication databases and infrastructure.
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WPA2 802.1X – Like WPA, WPA2 supports IEEE 802.1x/EAP
authentication or PSK technology. It also includes a new
advanced encryption mechanism using the Advanced Encryption
Standard (AES). AES is required to the corporate user or
government users. The difference between WPA and WPA2 is
that
WPA2 provides data encryption via the AES. In contrast, WPA
uses Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP).
WEP 802.1X – It’s a special mode for using IEEE 802.1x/EAP
technology for authentication and WEP keys for data encryption.
Data Encryption
Disabled – Disable the WEP Data Encryption.
WEP – Enable the WEP Data Encryption. When the item is
selected, you have to continue setting the WEP Encryption keys.
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the
temporal key every 10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of
message transmitted over a network.) This insures much greater
security than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest degree of
security and authenticity for digital information and it is the most
advanced solution defined by IEEE 802.11i for the security in the
wireless network.
Note: All devices in the network should use the same encryption
method to ensure the communication.
ASCII
WEP Key can be ASCII format. Alphanumeric values or signs are
allowed to be the WEP key. It is more recognizable for user.
Passphrase
It is a text string with a maximum of 32 alphanumeric characters,
for example: “Test“. The WEP Key is based upon the Passphrase
determined by you. This passphrase may not work with other
vendors’ products due to possible incompatibility with other
vendors’ passphrase generators. You must use the same
passphrase or WEP key settings for all wireless computers within
the network.
Key Index (advanced)
Select one of the four keys to be the data encryption key.
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Parameter
Description
Network Key
The keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless
network. Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit – Input 10-digit Hex values as the encryption keys. For
example: “0123456aef“.
128-bit – Input 26-digit Hex values as the encryption keys. For
example: “01234567890123456789abcdef“.
Confirm Network Key
Enter the same network key to confirm.
EAP Type
GTC – GTC is an authentication protocol which allows the
exchange of clear text authentication credentials across the
network.
TLS – TLS is the most secure of the EAP protocols but not easy
to use. It requires that digital certificates be exchanged in the
authentication phase. The server presents a certificate to the
client. After validating the server’s certificate, the client presents a
client certificate to the server for validation.
LEAP – LEAP is a pre-EAP, Cisco-proprietary protocol, with many
of the features of EAP protocols. Cisco controls the ability of other
vendors to implement this protocol, so it should be selected for
use only when limited vendor choice for client, access-point, and
server products is not a concern. When you have set up LEAP
authentication, you have to enter the user name and password of
your computer.
PEAP & TTLS – PEAP and TTLS are similar and easier than TLS
in that they specify a stand-alone authentication protocol be used
within an encrypted tunnel. TTLS supports any protocol within its
tunnel, including CHAP, MSCHAP, MSCHAPv2 and PAP. PEAP
specifies that an EAP-compliant authentication protocol must be
used; this adaptor supports MD5, TLS, GTC (Generic Token
Card) and MSCHAPv2. The client certificate is optional required
for the authentication.
Tunnel
Includes MD5, GTC, TLS, CHAP, MSCHAP, MSCHAP-v2 and
PAP.
Username
The certificate username in the RADIUS server.
Identity
User’s identity in the RADIUS server.
Password
User’s password in the RADIUS server.
Certificate
The certificate for RADIUS server for certification.
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3.5 Advanced
The “Advanced” option enables you to configure more advanced settings, for example: Power Save,
Turbo Mode, Wireless Mode and etc.
Parameter
Description
Power Save
None – The adapter will always set in active mode.
Min – Enable the adapter in the power saving mode when it is
idle, but some components of the adapter are still alive. In this
mode, the power consumption is larger than “Max“ mode.
Max – Enable the adapter in the power saving mode when it is
idle.
Turbo Mode
Off – Turn off the turbo mode.
On – Turn on the turbo mode.
Auto – The adapter will detect the AP is RTL8186-based AP or
not to transmit data in turbo mode automatically.
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Parameter
Description
Wireless Mode
802.11 b – This adapter can be compatible with both 802.11g and
802.11b wireless stations. If there are only 802.11b wireless
stations in the network, you can set the adapter to this mode.
802.11 g/b – If you have a mix of 802.11b and 802.11g wireless
stations in your network, it is recommended to setting the adapter
to this mode.
Preamble Mode
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for
communication among the wireless stations. There are three
mode including Long, Short and Auto. High network traffic areas
should use the shorter preamble type. If “Auto“ mode is selected,
the adapter will auto switch the preamble mode depending on the
wireless stations that the adapter is connecting to.
Note that the parameter is only active in the Ad Hoc operation
mode.
Channel Plan
The available channel differs from different countries. For
example: USA (FCC) is channel 1-11, Europe (ETSI) is channel
1-13. The channel of the adapter has been set depends on the
country you are located. If you are in different country, you could
change the channel from the pull-down list.
PSP XLink Mode
Enable this function to support PSP XLink.
WMM Parameter
QoS Enable – Enable this function to support WMM.
Power Save (APSD) Enable – Enable this function to support
WMM Power Save.
Fragment Threshold
The value defines the maximum size of packets; any packet size
larger than the value will be fragmented. If you have decreased
this value and experience high packet error rates, you can
increase it again, but it will likely decrease overall network
performance. Select a setting within a range of 256 to 2432 bytes.
Minor change is recommended.
RTS Threshold
Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To Send). For
packets smaller than this threshold, an RTS is not sent and the
packet is transmitted directly to the wireless network. Select a
setting within a range of 0 to 2432 bytes. Minor change is
recommended.
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Parameter
Description
Set Defaults
Let the setting values return to default.
Apply
Confirm the settings in the “Advanced“.
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3.6 Status
This screen shows the information of manufacturer, driver version, settings of the wireless network the
adapter is connecting to, linking time and link status. If you don’t ensure the status of the adapter and
the network you are connecting, please go to the screen for more details.
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3.7 Statistics
You can get the real time information about the packet transmission and receiving status during
wireless communication from the screen. If you want to recount the statistics value, please click
“Reset“.
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3.8 Wi-Fi Protected Setup
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the latest wireless network technology which makes wireless network
setup become very simple. If you have WPS-enabled wireless access point, and you want to establish
a secure connection to it, you don’t have to configure the wireless access point and setup data
encryption. All you have to do is go to the WPS setup page of this wireless card, click a button, and
then press a specific button on the wireless access point you wish to establish a secure connection.
Parameter
Description
PIN
The PIN number of your wireless network card is an eight-digit
number located at the upper position of the utility. Remember it,
and input the number to your wireless access point as the WPS
PIN code (Please refer to the user manual of your wireless
access point for instructions about how to do this).
Then click ‘PIN’ button and wait for few seconds to one minute. If
a wireless access point with correct PIN code is found, you’ll be
connected to that access point. Please note that you may have to
click ‘PIN’ for few more times to try again. If you still can not
connect to access point by this way, please make sure the PIN
code you provided to access point is correct.
PBC
Click ‘PBC’ button in the utility and then start PBC pairing
procedure at access point side (please refer to the instruction
given by your access point’s manufacturer). Please be patient
(This may require several seconds to one minute to complete).
Sometime WPS may fail, and you can click ‘PBC’ button few
more times to try again.
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3.9 Software AP
This adapter can run as a wireless AP. Please pull down the “Mode” menu and select “Access Point”.
The relative configurations of the AP including channel, SSID, WEP encryption and so on are
described as follows.
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Parameter
Description
SSID
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique
name identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional
merging of two co-located WLANs.
The default SSID of the AP is Full Computer Name + “_AP“.
Wireless adapters connect to the AP should set up the same
SSID as the AP.
BSSID
Display the MAC address of the adapter.
Associate Table
All the wireless adapters connected to the software AP will be
displayed in the list.
Config
Click “Config“ for setting more configuration of the AP.
3.8.1 AP Properties Setting
Please refer to Section 3.4.1 for the setting of the parameters for AP. Note that Ad Hoc mode is not
enabled for AP.
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3.8.2 AP Advanced
Parameter
Description
Beacon Interval
Beacon Interval that specifies the duration between beacon
packets (milliseconds). The range for the beacon period is
between 20-1000 milliseconds with a typical value of 100.
DTIM Period
Determines the interval the Access Point will send its broadcast
traffic. Default value is 3 beacons.
Preamble Mode
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for
communication among the wireless network. There are two mode
including Long and Short. High network traffic areas should use
the shorter preamble type.
WMM Parameter
QoS Enable – Enable this function to support WMM function.
Power Save (APSD) Enable – Enable this function to support
WMM Power Save.
Set Defaults
Set the setting values return to defaults.
Apply
Confirm the settings in the “Advanced“.
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3.8.3 AP Statistics
You can get the real time information about the packet transmission and receiving status during
wireless communication from the screen. If you want to recount the statistics value, please click
“Reset“.
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3.8.4 ICS
If you want to connect to the internet through this SoftAP, you will need to make a bridge between our
SoftAP and your internet connect. Select the internet connection in your SoftAP host machine and
press the “Apply” button.
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5 Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems usually encountered during the installation and operation
of the adapter.
1. What is the IEEE 802.11g standard?
802.11g is the new IEEE standard for high-speed wireless LAN communications that provides
for up to 54 Mbps data rate in the 2.4 GHz band. 802.11g is quickly becoming the next
mainstream wireless LAN technology for the home, office and public networks.
802.11g defines the use of the same OFDM modulation technique specified in IEEE 802.11a for
the 5 GHz frequency band and applies it in the same 2.4 GHz frequency band as IEEE 802.11b.
The 802.11g standard requires backward compatibility with 802.11b.
The standard specifically calls for:
A. A new physical layer for the 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) in the 2.4 GHz frequency
band, known as the extended rate PHY (ERP). The ERP adds OFDM as a mandatory new
coding scheme for 6, 12 and 24 Mbps (mandatory speeds), and 18, 36, 48 and 54 Mbps
(optional speeds). The ERP includes the modulation schemes found in 802.11b including
CCK for 11 and 5.5 Mbps and Barker code modulation for 2 and 1 Mbps.
B. A protection mechanism called RTS/CTS that governs how 802.11g devices and 802.11b
devices interoperate.
2. What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?
The IEEE 802.11b Wireless LAN standard subcommittee, which formulates the standard for the
industry. The objective is to enable wireless LAN hardware from different manufactures to
communicate.
3. What does IEEE 802.11 feature support?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11 functions:
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CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge Protocol
Multi-Channel Roaming
Automatic Rate Selection
RTS/CTS Feature
Fragmentation
Power Management
4. What is Ad-hoc?
An Ad-hoc integrated wireless LAN is a group of computers, each has a Wireless LAN adapter,
Connected as an independent wireless LAN. Ad hoc wireless LAN is applicable at a
departmental scale for a branch or SOHO operation.
5. What is Infrastructure?
An integrated wireless and wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure configuration.
Infrastructure is applicable to enterprise scale for wireless access to central database, or
wireless application for mobile workers.
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6. What is BSS ID?
A specific Ad hoc LAN is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). Computers in a BSS must be
configured with the same BSS ID.
7. What is WEP?
WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a 40 bit shared key
algorithm, as described in the IEEE 802 .11 standard.
8. What is TKIP?
TKIP is a quick-fix method to quickly overcome the inherent weaknesses in WEP security,
especially the reuse of encryption keys. TKIP is involved in the IEEE 802.11i WLAN security
standard, and the specification might be officially released by early 2003.
9. What is AES?
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), a chip-based security, has been developed to ensure the
highest degree of security and authenticity for digital information, wherever and however
communicated or stored, while making more efficient use of hardware and/or software than
previous encryption standards. It is also included in IEEE 802.11i standard. Compare with AES,
TKIP is a temporary protocol for replacing WEP security until manufacturers implement AES at
the hardware level.
10. Can Wireless products support printer sharing?
Wireless products perform the same function as LAN products. Therefore, Wireless products
can work with Netware, Windows 2000, or other LAN operating systems to support printer or file
sharing.
11. Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with Direct Sequence
Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent security feature of scrambling. On the software
side, WLAN series offer the encryption function (WEP) to enhance security and Access Control.
Users can set it up depending upon their needs.
12. What is DSSS?What is FHSS?And what are their differences?
Frequency-hopping spread-spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that changes
frequency in a pattern that is known to both transmitter and receiver. Properly synchronized, the
net effect is to maintain a single logical channel. To an unintended receiver, FHSS appears to
be short-duration impulse noise. Direct-sequence spread-spectrum (DSSS) generates a
redundant bit pattern for each bit to be transmitted. This bit pattern is called a chip (or chipping
code). The longer the chip is, the greater the probability that the original data can be recovered.
Even if one or more bits in the chip are damaged during transmission, statistical techniques
embedded in the radio can recover the original data without-the need for retransmission. To an
unintended receiver, DSSS appears as low power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by
most narrowband receivers.
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13. What is Spread Spectrum?
Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique developed by the military
for use in reliable, secure, mission-critical communication systems. It is designed to trade off
bandwidth efficiency for reliability, integrity, and security. In other words, more bandwidth is
consumed than in the case of narrowband transmission, but the trade off produces a signal that
is, in effect, louder and thus easier to detect, provided that the receiver knows the parameters of
the spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a receiver is not tuned to the right frequency, a
spread –spectrum signal looks like background noise. There are two main alternatives, Direct
Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) and Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS).
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