ABLE Systems Limited
ABLE Systems Limited
DENTON DRIVE, NORTHWICH, CHESHIRE, CW9 7TU, ENGLAND
Tel: +44 (0)1606 48621
Fax:+44 (0)1606 44903
e-mail: contact@able-systems.com
Website: www.able-systems.com
USER GUIDE
to the
Ap1300
Thermal Printer
Revision:
Filename:
Date:
“1.1”
“ap1300usg11.doc”
“23 Nov. 2005”
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
5
5.1
5.2
6
7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
10
11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
Table Of Contents ........................................................................................................................ 2
Introduction................................................................................................................................... 3
Notes on Printer Firmware Revisions (Including Flash) ........................................................... 3
Copyright Notice And Disclaimer.............................................................................................. 3
Documentation Revision History ..............................................................................................3
Ordering Part Codes, Options and Accessories....................................................................... 4
Modes Of Operation ..................................................................................................................... 5
Idle Mode .................................................................................................................................. 5
Sleep Mode............................................................................................................................... 5
Spool Mode............................................................................................................................... 5
Battery Packs ............................................................................................................................... 6
Overview of Battery Operation ................................................................................................. 6
Fitting and Connecting the Battery Pack .................................................................................. 6
Charging the Battery................................................................................................................. 6
Battery Pack Handling Precautions .......................................................................................... 7
Battery Pack Capacity .............................................................................................................. 7
Primary Cell Cradle .................................................................................................................. 7
Alternative Power Arrangements..............................................................................................7
Paper............................................................................................................................................ 8
Loading Paper .......................................................................................................................... 8
Paper Out and Head Up Sensors............................................................................................. 8
Led Indications ............................................................................................................................. 9
Printer Operation and Programming .......................................................................................... 10
Data Buffer.............................................................................................................................. 10
Spool Mode............................................................................................................................. 10
Character Printing and Fonts.................................................................................................. 10
Graphics Printing and Other Programming Modes ................................................................ 10
Interface Details ......................................................................................................................... 11
RS-232 Serial Interface (Applies to Ap1300, Ap1300-IR and Ap1300-BT)............................ 11
IrDA Interface (Applies to Ap1300-IR only) ............................................................................ 11
Bluetooth Interface (Applies to Ap1300-BT only) ................................................................... 11
Connections and EMC Precautions ........................................................................................... 12
Connector Details ................................................................................................................... 12
Connector Pinouts .................................................................................................................. 12
Battery Charger Details .......................................................................................................... 12
Combined Data/Charger Adaptor Cable ................................................................................ 13
EMC Statement ...................................................................................................................... 13
EMC Caution .......................................................................................................................... 13
Wall and Belt Mounting Instructions........................................................................................... 14
Getting Started ........................................................................................................................... 15
Connecting to a PC – A Checklist .......................................................................................... 15
Windows™ Printer Drivers ..................................................................................................... 16
Your Application Program....................................................................................................... 16
On-Line Information ................................................................................................................ 16
If All Else Fails... ..................................................................................................................... 16
Ap1300 User Guide Page 2 of 16
2
INTRODUCTION
This document is a User Guide, written for the person connecting and using the Able Systems
Ap1300 thermal printer. Please read this Guide carefully before making any connection.
A separate Programmer Guide provides details of the control codes, and describes the internal
operation of this product.
2.1
NOTES ON PRINTER FIRMWARE REVISIONS (INCLUDING FLASH)
Able Systems reserves the right to modify and improve the firmware in its printer products at any time.
Whilst every effort is made to ensure backward compatibility, no guarantee in this respect is given or
implied.
The Ap1300 includes a flash-reprogramable microcontroller. This allows firmware upgrades under
customer control. Refer to the factory for more information.
2.2
COPYRIGHT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER
Copyright subsists in all Able Systems intellectual property, including controller firmware (embedded
software) and circuit diagrams, pin connection lists and application data. No warranty in respect of
patent rights of Able Systems Limited or of third parties is given. Unauthorised reproduction or
amendment of controller firmware may result in prosecution.
Design Registration of the Ap1300 printer has been applied for.
Fujitsu is a registered mark of its owner Fujitsu Limited. References to this or other owners' marks in
this document are for illustrative purposes only.
Able Systems do not assume responsibility for interchangeable functionality of other parties'
command sets.
2.3
DOCUMENTATION REVISION HISTORY
Title (and Revision Number)
User Guide to the Ap1300 Rev 1.0
User Guide to the Ap1300 Rev 1.1
Issue Date
11 Mar 2004
23 Nov 2005
Comments
This document is the original release
Product code prefixes removed throughout.
Note added regarding prohibited printing during fast
charge in Section 4.3
Minor changes to Section 8.2
Added to Ap1300-BT information in Section 8.3
Added reference to PDA’s in Section 11.2
Ap1300 User Guide Page 3 of 16
2.4
ORDERING PART CODES, OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
The following table details full Able Systems part codes for products related to the Ap1300 printer:
Printers
Evaluation
Kits
ASL Product Code
AP1300
AP1300-IR
AP1300-BT
Description
Standard RS-232 printer (includes 1800mAH NiMH Battery Pack)
As standard printer, with additional IrDA interface
As standard printer, with additional Bluetooth interface
Ap1300-KIT1
Complete kit suitable for evaluation of AP1300 printer
Ap1300-IR-KIT1
Complete kit suitable for evaluation of AP1300-IR printer
Ap1300-BT-KIT1
Complete kit suitable for evaluation of AP1300-BT printer
Each kit contains the following items:
Ap1300 Printer (Standard, IrDA or Bluetooth version, including battery pack)
'Universal' input trickle charger
D-9 data cable for PC
2 standard paper rolls
Wall / Belt Mounting bracket and fixing kit
Primary Cell Cradle
Quick-start guide
N.B. Alternative items may be substituted if stock is unavailable.
Paper
A05836TPR1
Thermal Paper Roll (36 mm dia, 14.5 m long approx)
Power
Packs
Chargers
AP1300BP-01
Battery Pack (1800 mAH NiMH)
BC1300
BC1300B
BC1300FC
'Universal' input trickle charger (UK/Euro/USA)
UK plug style trickle charger
'Universal' input fast charger and vehicle charger (UK/Euro/USA/Aus)
Cables and
Adaptors
AP1300-D9
AP1300BR-01
AP1300-PCC
Data cable with D-9 for direct PC connection
Combined wall-mounting bracket and Belt-clip
Primary Cell Cradle (Fits 4 x AAA primary non-rechargable cells)
Support
Utilities
AP800FEU
Setup Utility
Flash Upgrade Utility
Windows Drivers
Font Editor Utility software for PC
}
} Available from the factory on request.
}
N.B. The list of options and accessories available is likely to change over time. Please check our
web site ( http://www.able-systems.com ) for the most up-to-date information.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 4 of 16
3
MODES OF OPERATION
The Ap1300 has three operating modes, when not actually printing:
y "Idle Mode": ready to accept data, but no data are in the buffer awaiting printing, and the
printer motor is not running;
y “Sleep Mode": effectively switched off;
y "Spool Mode": active, but storing data for later printing.
Modes are indicated by different colour combinations on the front-panel LED (see section 6).
No light is emitted in sleep mode.
No hardware power switch is fitted, as power control is either automatic or by command from the host
computer. To save power, the printer enters sleep mode after a period of inactivity. It can also be
programmed to stay idle indefinitely or to go to sleep on command.
3.1
IDLE MODE
In idle mode, the printer is ready to receive data, which will be printed as soon as complete lines or
graphics patterns are decoded. It responds to the paper feed button in the normal way, and can also
produce a demonstration print (see below). Power consumption is such that a fully-charged battery
pack would last up to 10 hours, but the printer will normally switch from idle mode into sleep mode
when there is no activity, extending battery life.
3.2
SLEEP MODE
The printer enters sleep mode after a period of inactivity. This period is factory-set to 30 seconds
(except the Ap1300-BT which is factory-set to 4 minutes), but is programmable from the host.
In sleep mode, power consumption is negligible, but data stored in the buffer are lost. Special
routines allow for data to be printed out automatically before going to sleep. User programmable
settings such as Baud rate and operational preferences are, however, retained during sleep mode or
battery replacement. The system designer can maximise battery life by arranging that the printer is
generally in sleep mode, except when printing.
The printer enters sleep mode as follows:
y by command from the host;
y at the end of the (programmable) period of inactivity (This period is extended in spool mode);
y the battery voltage falls below a pre-set lower limit.
But, the Ap1300 will never enter sleep mode when:
y a charger is connected;
y data is being received;
y the RS-232 "Wake-up" control line is 'active';
y an IrDA connection is present ("Ap1300-IR" only).
The printer is woken up from sleep mode as follows:
y by pressing the paper feed button;
y by connecting the external battery charger;
y by an RS-232 data stream from the host: a certain period of logical '0' bits is required,
typically a string of 50 NUL characters at 9,600 Baud. These data will be lost. There is a
delay of up to 100 ms before the serial output lines are established and the printer is
ready to accept data;
y by the RS-232 "Wake-up" control line becoming 'active';
y by Infra-Red activity ( "Ap1300-IR" only).
3.3
SPOOL MODE
In spool mode, data is received and stored, but not printed. This is useful when printing needs to be
suppressed during data transfer (for example in mobile radio systems); or when the printer is unable
to print because the paper has run out or the lid is open.
The Ap1300 will automatically enter spool mode when the paper is out, when the head is up, or if
some other error condition occurs, or alternatively by command from the host. Spool mode may be
cleared by host command, automatically when the condition is cleared, or by "double-clicking" the
feed button. Power consumption in spool mode is similar to that in idle mode.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 5 of 16
4
4.1
BATTERY PACKS
OVERVIEW OF BATTERY OPERATION
The Ap1300 is normally supplied with a standard 1.8Ah NiMH battery pack. The primary power for
the printer comes from the battery pack.
The printer can operate with or without a charger connected. If required, the charger can be operated
continuously to keep the battery fully charged, although a high printing duty cycle may reduce the
charge in the battery. Operation from the charger alone is not possible: a battery pack must always
be fitted.
N.B. For safety the battery pack is shipped fitted into the battery compartment, but discharged
and disconnected.
Before use, the battery must be connected (see below) and then fully charged.
4.2
FITTING AND CONNECTING THE BATTERY PACK
The procedure for connecting the battery pack is as follows:
1. Remove the screw from the battery compartment door (if fitted),
2. Push down, and slide back the battery compartment door,
3. Fit the battery pack connector taking care to insert it correctly,
4. Fit the battery pack ensuring wires are correctly routed and not trapped.
4.3
CHARGING THE BATTERY
Plug the battery charger into a suitable mains outlet socket and insert the jack plug into the power
connector at the rear of the printer. The LED will flash orange to show that the printer is on charge.
There is also the option of charging the printer via the jack socket in the D9 data connector.
N.B. Please note that while the printer may be used as normal when trickle charging, printing
is disabled during a fast charge cycle.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 6 of 16
4.4
BATTERY PACK HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
WARNING! Battery Handling Precautions
The battery pack is fitted with an internal safety fuse, but the user must take care to avoid
short-circuiting the contacts by preventing them from touching any metallic object. For
example, the battery pack should never be carried loose in a pocket where it could rub against coins,
keys or other metallic objects.
Short-circuiting the contacts of the battery pack will cause a heavy current to flow, which may lead to
excessive heating of the battery pack or any metallic objects connected to it. This could cause burns,
or start a fire.
WARNING! Do Not Try To Open The Battery Pack
The standard battery pack contains five Nickel-Metal-Hydride Cells. Exposing the cells
increases the risk of leakage or short-circuiting.
CAUTION: It is strongly recommended that the external charger is disconnected whenever the
battery pack is removed or replaced.
Please observe local standards for the handling, transport and disposal of Nickel-Metal-Hydride Cells.
4.5
BATTERY PACK CAPACITY
The Ap1300 is supplied with a 1.8Ah NiMH battery pack. This battery pack should be recharged while
installed in the printer. This takes about 15 hours with the Trickle Charger, or about 3 hours with the
Fast Charger. The capacity of the battery pack when fully charged will normally be sufficient to print
normal text along about four full rolls of paper. However, the amount of printing which can be
achieved depends greatly on the printing density, idle time and other factors such as the ambient
temperature and the history of the battery pack.
With the printer awake but idle, a fully charged battery would last for up to 10 hours, but the built-in
sleep mode shuts down the printer completely, reducing energy consumption to a negligible rate.
In the event of the battery becoming exhausted, the printer will automatically protect its own control
circuitry by entering sleep mode if the instantaneous battery voltage drops below a threshold (e.g.
during a particularly heavy section of print). In this case data stored in the buffer is lost.
The battery pack should be capable of up to 500 complete charge and discharge cycles, though this
may be reduced in very repetitive applications. If a particular battery pack appears not to be holding
charge as well as expected, it may be worn out and should be replaced by a new one. Please consult
the factory for further details and recommended battery treatment.
During battery charging, especially fast charging, the printer may become quite warm. This can
crease the paper within the mechanism. The system designer may wish to feed out some paper
before printing begins, either controlled from the host, or by the user pressing the paper feed button.
4.6
PRIMARY CELL CRADLE
Also available, as an accessory, is a battery cradle suitable for 4 x AAA primary (non-rechargable)
cells. If the standard rechargable NiMH battery pack becomes discharged and there is no time, or no
available mains charger, to recharge it, then the AAA battery cradle may be used to power the printer
for short periods.
N.B. The cradle is suitable for four AAA 1.5V primary (non-rechargable) cells only.
4.7
ALTERNATIVE POWER ARRANGEMENTS
Alternative arrangements, such as direct power from a vehicle 12V or 24V starter battery, or direct
power from a high capacity voltage source, will be made available in due course. Please contact the
factory if your application requires such power arrangements.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 7 of 16
5
PAPER
Pressing the paper feed button when the printer is idle advances paper at typically 50 mm per
second, depending on the battery voltage. However, the feed button has several additional functions:
A single press and release of the button:
y in idle or spool mode, advances paper (in steps of 1/16 mm);
y in sleep mode, wakes up the printer into idle mode;
"Double-clicking" the button: (i.e. pressing and releasing twice in quick succession just like a PC mouse)
y in idle mode, prints a demo/test message including the firmware version, encoded
calibration data, and the full character set;
y in spool mode, or having been out of paper, prints any stored data and enters idle mode.
Some of the functions of the paper feed button can be invoked or disabled under control of the host.
5.1
LOADING PAPER
Paper rolls must be 57.5 ± 0.5 mm wide, 36 mm maximum diameter, and have the thermally sensitive
coating on the outside. The printer can accept rolls which are coreless or wound on a core.
Suitable rolls are available as ASL Product Code:
A05836TPR1 Thermal Paper Roll (36 mm dia, 14.5 m long approx)
The procedure for loading paper is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Slide the Lid Release Button forwards until the Lid springs open.
Unwind a small amount of paper from the roll and Insert the Paper Roll into the Printer.
Close the Lid down, and the paper is loaded.
After loading, check that the paper advances properly, and tear off any excess by pulling the paper
sharply towards you across the serrated tear bar. In the event of a jam or other paper loading
problem, release the lid and straighten the paper before closing again.
5.2
PAPER OUT AND HEAD UP SENSORS
A reflective optical Paper Out sensor within the mechanism detects an out-of-paper condition, and/or
senses black marks to register with pre-printed forms. A mechanical Head Up sensor detects when
the lid is open.
By default, the printer enters Spool mode automatically if either sensor becomes active. Spool mode
is automatically exited, and any stored data printed, when new paper is loaded and the lid closed.
This behaviour may be modified. Please refer to the Programmers’ Guide for details of how to
configure these functions.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 8 of 16
6
LED INDICATIONS
The LED indicator at the front of the Ap1300 has a number of colour combinations, which repeat in up
to a 4-phase pattern to provide status information (see table below).
In summary, if the LED is constant green it indicates that the printer is operating normally from its
battery pack. Flashing on and off indicates that Spool mode is active and no printing can take place.
Orange advises the battery is being charged. Red warns of a low battery or other problem.
No light indicates that the unit is in sleep mode, has a flat battery, or the battery is not connected.
LED Pattern Table
Pattern
Constant Green
Fast Flashing Green
Long Green - Short Red
Short Green - Short Red
Short Green - Long Orange
Long Orange Flashing
Fast Flashing Orange
Fast Flashing Red
No light
Battery
Running
Running
Battery Low
Battery Low
Trickle Charging
Trickle Charging
Fast Charging
Error Condition
Flat, or in sleep mode
Buffer Mode
Normal
Spool *
Normal
Spool *
Normal
Spool *
Spool (Printing prohibited)
Spool (Printing prohibited)
* (Spool may have resulted from Paper Out or Head Up conditions)
Although this table may seem complicated, few applications will produce many of the combinations.
Other LED Patterns
Other LED patterns may be programmed into the Ap1300 on request or by the system designer.
Please refer to the Programmers’ Guide for details of how to configure these functions.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 9 of 16
7
PRINTER OPERATION AND PROGRAMMING
The Ap1300 utilises a Fujitsu FTP-628MCL103 printer mechanism, with a fixed (parallel) print head
with 384 horizontally-arranged thermal elements. The paper is advanced by a stepper motor, and
printing takes place in a single dot row for each step of the paper. Each printed dot is approximately
1/8 mm square. The printing speed and dot density are controlled according to the battery voltage
and the head temperature.
Various printing modes, including graphics, are invoked by 'Escape' sequences. Control codes and
status report protocols are described in detail in the Programmers' Guide, available separately.
7.1
DATA BUFFER
The Ap1300 has a nominal 20k byte buffer to optimise throughput: this enables data to be received
into the buffer while previous lines are being printed. Printing will be initiated on receipt of a valid
logical line of data or a complete graphics pattern.
The buffer may be cleared by data command or by a hardware reset. A partially full line will be
printed on receipt of an appropriate control code, or after a programmable timeout delay.
7.2
SPOOL MODE
Spool mode is can be entered by:
y a command from the host;
y Paper Out condition or Head Up condition being sensed;
y fast charging detected;
y an error condition (e.g. head over temperature, battery over voltage, etc).
In spool mode, the buffered data are stored without being printed until the mode is exited by:
y a command from the host;
y the 'causing condition' (e.g. Paper Out or Head Up) being cleared;
y the paper feed button being double-clicked.
7.3
CHARACTER PRINTING AND FONTS
The default 32-column character set is formed from a 24x10 dot matrix, and is based on the industry
standard IBM® character set Code Page 437. This character set has been modified to include the
Euro symbol (‘€’) at position 80H (128 Decimal), in place of the usual capital C with cedilla (‘Ç’).
Various combinations of single or double width, single or double height, inverted, underlined, and
other attributes may be mixed within a line.
Customised fonts may be created using the Able Systems Font Editor Utility, and downloaded to the
Ap1300. Only a single custom font may be loaded in the printer at one time.
7.4
GRAPHICS PRINTING AND OTHER PROGRAMMING MODES
Various dot-addressable graphics modes are supported, at up to 384 dots per line. The Windows
driver operates in the graphics mode. Refer to the Programmer’s Guide for full details of this and other
advanced programming modes.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 10 of 16
8
INTERFACE DETAILS
8.1
RS-232 SERIAL INTERFACE (APPLIES TO AP1300, AP1300-IR AND AP1300-BT)
All models of Ap1300 printer have an industry standard RS-232 interface. The default parameters are
9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and no parity. Other baud rates can be programmed by control
codes, or by using a setup utility available from the factory.
Serial data is expected in standard RS-232C format with -12V meaning 'mark' or '1' and +12V a
logical '0', with reference to the common ground. The serial data output line, TxD, transmits
XON/XOFF and status information to the host at the same Baud rate and in the same format as the
serial data input. The hardware busy line is true (nominal -12V) when busy. Both serial output lines
will relax to approximately 0V when the Ap1300 is in sleep mode, and the user must allow a short
period after awakening before relying on the values of these signals.
Some host equipment use a constant space condition (+12V) to indicate a reset condition or wait
state. Some battery powered host equipment present the same output signal when they go to sleep.
The Ap1300 can be set to ignore this condition as detailed in the Programmer’s Guide, but even then
this type of host behaviour may result in one or more spurious characters being received and printed
by the Ap1300, or the Ap1300 may be prevented from going to sleep.
8.2
IrDA INTERFACE (APPLIES TO AP1300-IR ONLY)
The Ap1300-IR features an Infra-Red window on the front of the body. It includes special hardware
which wakes the printer when any Infra-Red activity is detected. In order to reduce the occurence of
'false triggers', the sensitivity of this wake-up sensor is reduced. It may be necessary to bring the host
IrDA device fairly close to the Ap1300-IR before it will wake up.
Once awake, the printer will respond to communications from an IrDA compliant primary device. The
printer supports 'point-to-point' applications (i.e. one primary device and one secondary device). It
operates only as a secondary device, and cannot initiate a link between devices.
Once a link is established then the printer shows a red LED through the IR window on the front. The
link will continue as long as the devices are maintained in line-of-sight and within operating range.
While a link is maintained, data may be exchanged freely between the two devices.
The protocols supported by the Ap1300-IR are as follows: IrPHY V1.0, IrLAP, IrLMP, IAS, TinyTP and
IrCOMM 9-wire. Please contact the factory if further details or alternative protocols are required.
8.3
BLUETOOTH INTERFACE (APPLIES TO AP1300-BT ONLY)
The Ap1300-BT includes a class 2 implementation of the Panasonic PAN1440 module, which is
bluetooth 1.1 compliant, and is certified to EN 300 328. The protocols and profiles supported are as
follows: LM, L2CAP, RFCOMM, SDP, TCS, SPP (Serial Port Profile). Please contact the factory if
further details or alternative profiles are required.
The detail of how to establish a bluetooth link and transfer data will vary greatly depending on the
primary host device. However, the process will generally involve the following stages:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
Discovery of bluetooth devices;
Discovery of the printer’s services;
Selection of the Serial Port Profile;
It may be necessary to Pair with the printer;
Connecting to the printer.
N.B. The PIN for making a secure connection to the Ap1300-BT is pre-set to “1234”.
Usually the bluetooth link is maintained for as long as the devices are within operating range. While
the link is active, data may be exchanged freely between the two devices. Occasionally the link may
be lost, in which case the user should re-initiate the link from the primary host as described above.
There is no facility to wake the printer over the bluetooth link (If such a facility is required, please
contact the factory). The printer must be awake before a bluetooth link may be established and any
data can be transferred to it via the bluetooth interface. Because of this the default Sleep Period for
the Ap1300-BT is extended to 4 minutes.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 11 of 16
9
9.1
CONNECTIONS AND EMC PRECAUTIONS
CONNECTOR DETAILS
The Ap1300 has two user connectors shown below:
Pin 1
Charger Input Jack Socket
9.2
RJ12 Combined Data Socket
CONNECTOR PINOUTS
Charger Input Jack Socket Detail
Pin
Inner
Outer
Dimension (mm)
Inside Ø 2.5
Outside Ø 5.5
Function
Positive / Charger Input
Negative / 0V Common
The maximum insertion length is 12 mm.
RJ12 Combined Data Socket Detail
RJ12 Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
9.3
Input / Output
(Ap1300)
i/p
i/p
i/p
o/p
o/p
---
Ap1300 Function
Optional Charger Input
Wake-up Input
RS-232 Rx data
RS-232 Tx data
RS-232 Busy
0V Common (RS-232 signal return and Charger return)
BATTERY CHARGER DETAILS
The Ap1300 monitors charge current into the printer, but does not regulate it in anyway. In order to
fully and safely charge the batteries a suitable current-regulated charger must be connected. This
may be a simple current source for trickle charging, or a more complex intelligent fast charger with
automatic fast charge termination.
The following mains powered battery chargers are available:
y UK trickle charger
(ASL Product Code BC1300B
y 'Universal' trickle charger
(ASL Product Code BC1300
y 'Universal' intelligent fast charger
(ASL Product Code BC1300FC
)
)
)
(Note: The 'Universal' intelligent fast charger also features a nominal 12-32Vdc input with a cigar lighter plug for vehicle use)
Alternatively, the user may make their own charger arrangements. The recommended battery trickle
charge supply current is 250mA +/- 25mA, at between 6V and 8V. An external charger supply must
have an output current which remains within this range between these voltage extremes.
N.B. This connection is for a current-regulated battery charger only. Do not connect a
standard voltage power supply. Serious damage may result from inappropriate connections.
(Please contact the factory if you are unsure about this).
Ap1300 User Guide Page 12 of 16
9.4
COMBINED DATA/CHARGER ADAPTOR CABLE
A data cable suitable for connecting the Ap1300 to a standard PC is available (ASL Product Code
AP1300-D9). This cable features an integrated charger jack socket in the housing of the D-9 plug.
For trickle charging, the charger may optionally be connected directly into the Ap1300 charger Jack
Socket, or indirectly into the Jack Socket in the data cable, thus giving the maximum system wiring
flexibility. It is recommended to use the internal socket when fast charging. The details for the
charger jack socket in the D-9 plug are the same as for the internal socket in the printer.
The connections to a standard PC COM port are as follows:
D-9 Pin
3
2
4
6&8
5
Name
TxD
RxD
DTR
CTS & DSR
SGND
Function (refers to PC)
Serial Data Output
Serial Data Input
Handshaking Output
Busy Input
Signal Common 0V
Ap1300 Pin
3
4
2
5
6
The wake-up input (pin 2 of the RJ-12) can be driven by a normal RS-232 handshaking output and
activates the printer when a positive voltage ('space' condition) is asserted. Connecting it to the PC
DTR signal wakes the printer when the COM port is 'opened'. It may alternatively be tied to a positive
voltage in the range +3V -> +12V to keep the printer awake permanently. In this case, the printer will
'attempt' to go to sleep if the normal inactivity time-out elapses, but will merely reset and then re-start.
This behaviour may be avoided by switching off the sleep period timeout.
9.5
EMC STATEMENT
The Ap1300 is fully EMC (Electro-Magnetic Compatibility) compliant and is CE marked accordingly. A
Declaration of Conformity, in accordance with the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC (and as amended) is
available from Able Systems on request.
9.6
EMC Caution
System EMC compliance remains the responsibility of the system designer. It is recommended that
screened cables are used; earthing arrangements will depend on the application. Further advice is
available from Able Systems on request.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 13 of 16
10 WALL AND BELT MOUNTING INSTRUCTIONS
A combined bracket/clip suitable for fixing the Ap1300 to a wall or belt is available (ASL Product Code
AP1300BR-01). The bracket is included in the evaluation kits, and is supplied complete with wall
plugs and screws.
The bracket snaps into the bottom of the printer, and when used to clip to a belt, it may be secured by
using the supplied extended screw. Prior to use, two small 'break-outs' must be removed from the
battery cover of the Ap1300 as shown below:
Remove the two 'break-outs'
using a small screwdriver.
When fitting to a belt, the bracket should be slotted onto the printer first, and then the entire assembly
clipped over the belt as shown:
The securing screw may be fitted if required.
When fitting to a wall, the bracket must be located on the wall using screws and wall plugs as shown.
The printer may then be clipped into place and removed as required.
Use a finger or small screwdriver
to release the clip and then
gently lift the printer to remove
from the wall bracket.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 14 of 16
11 GETTING STARTED
You may find that you can connect up the printer to your Personal Computer (PC), and everything
works perfectly first time. However, there are many variables, and the following guide may help if you
find you need some assistance. These are only suggestions, and may not work with all PC’s.
11.1 CONNECTING TO A PC – A CHECKLIST
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First, you need to GET THE PRINTER GOING
Make sure that the battery pack is fitted and connected. Remember that operation from the charger
alone is not possible: a battery pack must always be fitted. Also remember that battery packs are
normally supplied disconnected and discharged. They should be connected and then fully
charged before use (e.g trickle charged for at least 15 hours).
Wake the printer up by pressing the paper feed button once and releasing it. The LED indicator
should light; if it does not, the battery may be flat (or not fitted correctly): connect up the charger, and
the light will come on. Other LED colours are discussed in Section 6, for example when the printer is
out of paper.
When the printer is awake, load paper and then press the feed button to check that paper feeds.
Press the paper feed button again twice in quick succession (like double-clicking a PC mouse) and
the printer should print a self-test message. This will show that the printer is operational, and also
reports the way in which the printer’s serial data interface is configured.
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Next, you need to make some HARDWARE CONNECTIONS
The back panel of a PC typically includes several D-type (keystone-shaped) connectors. One of
these is usually:
D-9 Plug (male):
COM1: Serial port for mouse, modem, serial printer, etc
You can use any available serial port for the Ap1300. COM1: is assumed in what follows, as most
likely to be available.
You will need a suitable cable. Use either a standard cable from Able Systems (see Section ‘9.4
Combined Data/Charger Adaptor Cable‘), or make up your own using the information in the same
section.
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Now you will need to SET UP YOUR COMPUTER’S SERIAL PORT to match the printer (it is also
possible to change the printer’s settings, but not until you have established communication with
the computer).
Your proposed application program may have a way of doing this, or you can get to the DOS prompt
[eg C:\>] and type the following command line (assuming you have connected the printer to COM1:):
MODE COM1:9600,N,8,2 [RETURN]
This will set up the port (COM1:) to 9600 baud, No parity, 8 data bits, and 2 stop bits which is the
default setting for the Ap1300.
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Now, SEND SOME DATA TO THE PRINTER from your computer. An easy way to do this from
the DOS prompt is to type:
DIR >COM1: [RETURN]
This should send a directory listing to the printer. The lines will probably overflow, but it will at least
show that the communication between the computer and the printer is working.
You can also send data from QBASIC:
OPEN “COM1:9600,N,8,2” FOR RANDOM AS #1
PRINT#1, “Hello”
Alternatively, in Windows, use the TERMINAL program to send some text to the printer.
Or, you can use the special Able Systems set-up software AP8612.EXE which we can supply on a
floppy disc, or by e-mail on request: this will allow the printer settings to be changed and includes
some diagnostic routines.
Ap1300 User Guide Page 15 of 16
11.2 WINDOWS™ PRINTER DRIVERS
A Windows driver specifically written for the Ap1300 is available from Able Systems, and can be
requested by email via our World Wide Web site (see below). It may be necessary to adjust some
settings in your Application to produce the desired result.
It is important to recognise that other Windows printer drivers, even for ESCPOS compatible printers,
may not work with the Ap1300, as they format everything as dot graphics patterns, in a way which is
unique to each kind of printer. The Windows “Generic Text Only” printer driver should, however, work
in a limited manner.
Various applications and Tool Kits which fully support the Ap1300, Ap1300-IR and Ap1300-BT are
available for PDA’s and other Pocket PC platforms from www.fieldsoftware.com.
11.3 YOUR APPLICATION PROGRAM
Once communications between your computer and the printer have been established, you can try
driving the printer from your application program. As referred to in the Programmers Guide, the
Ap1300 has a control code set based on the EPSON ESCPOS protocol. Many of the commands are
as closely compatible as they can be, given the mechanical differences between printers, but if the
application program was originally written for another printer, it may need to be modified.
11.4 ON-LINE INFORMATION
Able Systems maintains a site on the World Wide Web. This includes application data updates,
product announcements, and e-mail facilities for customer support.
The Windows Driver can be requested from this site: please note that this is a third-party product, and
Able Systems do not accept responsibility for the installation or use of this program. Further details
are given on the web site.
The URL of our web site is:
Our e-mail address is:
http://www.able-systems.com
contact@able-systems.com
11.5 IF ALL ELSE FAILS...
You are always welcome to contact Able Systems or your local supplier for specific assistance.
We would also appreciate reports of any errors in our documentation, or suggested improvements.
Copyright © Able Systems Limited 2005. All Rights Reserved
Ap1300 User Guide Page 16 of 16
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