BiPAC 7800GZ(L)
BiPAC 7800GZ(L)
3G/ wireless-G ADSL2+ (VPN) Firewall
Router
User Manual
Version released: 1.05
Last revised date: 09-15-2010
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction ............................................................................................ 1
Introduction to your Router ................................................................................. 1
3G Mobility and Always-On Connection .........................................................................................1
Secure VPN Connections (BiPAC 7800GZ only).........................................................................1
Smooth, Responsive Net Connection.............................................................................................1
Wireless Mobility and Double-layer Protection...............................................................................2
Features ............................................................................................................. 3
ADSL Compliance...............................................................................................................................3
3G/HSPA...............................................................................................................................................3
Network Protocols and Features ......................................................................................................4
Virtual Private Network (VPN) (BiPAC 7800GZ only) ..................................................................4
Firewall....................................................................................................................................................4
Quality of Service Control ...................................................................................................................4
IPTV Applications.................................................................................................................................5
ATM and PPP Protocols....................................................................................................................5
Wireless LAN........................................................................................................................................5
Management.........................................................................................................................................6
Hardware Specifications..................................................................................... 6
Physical Interface .................................................................................................................................6
Chapter 2: Installing the Router ............................................................................... 7
Package Contents .............................................................................................. 7
Important note for using this router..................................................................... 8
Device Description.............................................................................................. 9
The Front LEDs....................................................................................................................................9
The Rear Ports ..................................................................................................................................10
Cabling ............................................................................................................. 11
Chapter 3: Basic Installation .................................................................................. 12
Connecting Your Router ................................................................................... 13
Network Configuration ...................................................................................... 15
Configuring PC in windows 7..........................................................................................................15
Configuring PC in Windows Vista .................................................................................................17
Configuring PC in Windows XP.....................................................................................................19
Configuring PC in Windows 2000 .................................................................................................20
Configuring PC in Windows 95/98/Me.........................................................................................21
Configuring PC in Windows NT4.0...............................................................................................22
Factory Default Settings ................................................................................... 23
Information from your ISP................................................................................. 25
Chapter 4: Configuration........................................................................................ 26
Easy Sign-On (EZSO) ...................................................................................... 26
Configuration via Web Interface ....................................................................... 29
Quick Start........................................................................................................ 30
Basic Configuration Mode ................................................................................ 47
Status...................................................................................................................................................47
WAN – Main Port (ADSL)...............................................................................................................48
PPPoE Connection (ADSL) ................................................................... 48
PPPoA Connection (ADSL) ................................................................... 49
MPoA Connection (ADSL) ..................................................................... 50
IPoA Connections (ADSL) ..................................................................... 51
Pure Bridge Connections (ADSL) .......................................................... 52
WAN – Main Port (EWAN) .............................................................................................................53
PPPoE (EWAN) ..................................................................................... 53
Obtain IP Address Automatically (EWAN).............................................. 54
Fixed IP Address (EWAN)...................................................................... 54
Pure Bridge (EWAN).............................................................................. 55
WAN – Main Port (3G).....................................................................................................................55
WLAN..................................................................................................................................................57
Advanced Configuration Mode ......................................................................... 61
Status...................................................................................................................................................61
ADSL Status .......................................................................................... 62
WAN Statistics ....................................................................................... 63
3G Status............................................................................................... 64
ARP Table .............................................................................................. 65
DHCP Table ........................................................................................... 66
System Log............................................................................................ 67
Firewall Log ........................................................................................... 68
UPnP Portmap....................................................................................... 68
IPSec Status .......................................................................................... 69
VRRP Status.......................................................................................... 69
Configuration......................................................................................................................................70
LAN - Local Area Network ..................................................................... 71
WAN - Wide Area Network..................................................................... 94
System..................................................................................................112
Firewall ................................................................................................ 120
VPN ..................................................................................................... 130
QoS - Quality of Service ...................................................................... 134
Virtual Server ....................................................................................... 138
Wake on LAN....................................................................................... 143
Certificate............................................................................................. 144
Time Schedule..................................................................................... 147
Advanced............................................................................................. 148
Save Configuration to Flash ........................................................................... 165
Restart............................................................................................................ 166
Logout.................................................................................................................. 167
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting.................................................................................. 168
Appendix: Product Support & Contact ................................................................. 170
Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction to your Router
The BiPAC 7800GZ(L), a Dual-WAN 3G / ADSL2+ firewall router integrated with the 802.11g Wireless Access Point and 4-port switch is a cutting-edge networking product for SOHO and office
users. Uniquely, the router offers users more flexibility to directly insert a 3G / HSPA SIM card into
its built-in SIM slot instead of requiring external USB modems. This design will avoid compatibility
issues of many different 3G USB modems. With the increasing popularity of the 3G standard,
communication via the BiPAC 7800GZ(L) is becoming more convenient and widely available enabling users to use a 3G / UMTS HSDPA / HSUPA or GSM GPRS / EDGE Internet connection,
making downstream rates of up to 7.2Mbps possible. Users can watch movies, download music on
the road or access e-mail wherever a 3G connection is available. Additionally, the integrated IPSec
VPN function allows you to encrypt connections of up to 4 VPN tunnels to securely transmit data
over the Internet (BiPAC 7800GZ only). The support for auto fail-over means that users will be
assured of a constant Internet connection - in the event that the ADSL line fails, the BiPAC
7800GZ(L) will connect via the embedded 3G card to deliver uninterrupted connectivity.
3G Mobility and Always-On Connection
The BiPAC 7800GZ(L) router allows you to insert a 3G / HSPA USIM card to its built-in SIM slot,
enabling you to use a 3G / HSPA, UMTS, EDGE, GPRS, or GSM Internet connection, which
makes downstream rates of up to 7.2Mbps*4 possible. With the increasing popularity of the 3G
standard, communication via the BiPAC 7800GZ(L) is becoming more convenient and widely
available - allowing you to watch movies, download music on the road, or access e-mail no matter
where you are. You can even share your Internet connection with others, no matter if you're in a
meeting, or speeding across the country on a train. The auto fail-over feature ensures maximum
connectivity and minimum interruption by quickly and smoothly connecting to a 3G network in the
event that your ADSL line fails. The 7800GZ(L) will then automatically reconnect to the ADSL
connection when it's restored, reducing connection costs. These features are perfect for office
situations where constant connection is paramount.
Secure VPN Connections (BiPAC 7800GZ only)
The BiPAC 7800GZ supports embedded IPSec VPN (Virtual Private Network) protocols, allowing
users to establish encrypted private connections of up to 4 simultaneous tunnels over the Internet.
So that you can access your corporate intranet and transmit sensitive data between branch offices
and remote sites anytime; even when you are on the road, thus enhancing productivity
Smooth, Responsive Net Connection
Quality of Service (QoS) gives user full control over outgoing data traffic. Priority can be assigned
by the router to ensure that important transmissions like gaming packets, VoIP calls or IPTV /
streaming content passes through the router at lightning speed, even when there is heavy Internet
traffic. The speed of different types of outgoing data passing through the router is also controlled to
ensure that users do not saturate bandwidth with their browsing activities.
1
Wireless Mobility and Double-layer Protection
An integrated 802.11g Wireless Access Point offers quick yet easy access with data encryption
for added security. Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK) and Wired Equivalent
Privacy (WEP) support ensures high-level data protection and WLAN access control. In addition,
rich firewall security features such as SPI, DoS attack prevention and URL content filtering are
integrated to provide unparalleled protection for Internet access. The router also supports the WiFi Protected Setup (WPS) standard, allowing users to establish a secure wireless network by
simply pushing a button. If your network requires wider coverage, the built-in Wireless Distribution
System (WDS) repeater function allows you to expand your wireless network without the need for
any external wires or cables.
2
Features
• Dual WAN approach - ADSL2+, 3G or Ethernet WAN for broadband connectivity.
• 3G/ HSPA embedded with a built-in SIM card slot
• Integrated 4-port Ethernet switch, one port can be configured as a WAN interface
• 4 IPSec VPN tunnels supported (BiPAC 7800GZ only)
• 4 GRE VPN tunnels supported (BiPAC 7800GZ only)
• Secure VPN with powerful DES / 3DES / AES (BiPAC 7800GZ only)
• High-speed Internet access via ADSL2 / 2+; backward compatible with ADSL
• Supports 802.11g wireless access point with WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK
• WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) for easy setup
• Quality of Service control for traffic prioritization and bandwidth management
• SOHO firewall security with DoS prevention and Packet Filtering
• Supports IPTV application*2
ADSL Compliance
• Compliant with ADSL Standard
• Full-rate ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
• G.dmt (ITU G.992.1)
• G.lite (ITU G.992.2)
• G.hs (ITU G.994.1)
• ADSL over ISDN / U-R2
• Compliant with ADSL2 Standard*1
• G.dmt.bis (ITU G.992.3)
• ADSL2 Annex M (ITU G.992.3 Annex M) (BiPAC 7800GZA only)
• Compliant with ADSL2+ Standard*1
• G.dmt.bis plus (ITU G.992.5)
• ADSL2+ Annex M (ITU G.992.5 Annex M) (BiPAC 7800GZA only)
3G/HSPA*4
• Supports third generation (3G/ 3.5G/ 3.75G) digital cellular standards
• Peak downlink speeds up to 7.2Mbps and peak uplink speeds up to 2.0Mbps
• Web-based GUI for 3G configuration and management
3
Network Protocols and Features
• NAT, static routing and RIP-1 / 2
• Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) Compliant
• Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS)
• Virtual Server and DMZ
• SNTP, DNS relay and IGMP Proxy
• IGMP snooping for video service
• Management based-on IP protocol, port number and address
• SMTP client with SSL/TLS
Virtual Private Network (VPN) (BiPAC 7800GZ only)
• 4 IPSec VPN Tunnels
• 4 GRE VPN Tunnels
• IKE key management
• DES, 3DES and AES encryption for IPSec.
• IPSec pass-through
Firewall
• Built-in NAT Firewall
• Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
• Prevents DoS attacks including Land Attack, Ping of Death, etc.
• Remote access control for web base access
• Packet Filtering - port, source IP address, destination IP address, MAC address
• URL Content Filtering - string or domain name detection in URL string
• MAC Filtering
• Password protection for system management
• VPN pass-through
Quality of Service Control
• Supports the DiffServ approach
• Traffic prioritization and bandwidth management based-on IP protocol, port number
and address
4
IPTV Applications*2
• IGMP Snooping
• Virtual LAN (VLAN)
• Quality of Service (QoS)
• IGMP Snooping & IGMP Proxy
ATM and PPP Protocols
• ATM Adaptation Layer Type 5 (AAL5)
• Multiple Protocol over AAL5 (RFC 2684, formerly RFC 1483)
• Bridged or routed Ethernet encapsulation
• VC and LLC based multiplexing
• PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
• PPP over ATM (RFC 2364)
• Classical IP over ATM (RFC 1577)
• MAC Encapsulated Routing (RFC 1483 MER)
• OAM F4 / F5
Wireless LAN
• Compliant with IEEE 802.11g and 802.11b standards
• 2.4 GHz - 2.484 GHz frequency range
• Up to 54Mbps wireless operation rate
• Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) for easy setup
• 64 / 128 bits WEP supported for encryption
• Wireless Security with WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK supported
• WDS repeater function support
• 802.1x radius supported
• WLAN on/off time schedule control
5
Management
• Easy Sign-On (EZSO) and Auto-scan ADSL settings
• Web-based GUI for remote and local management
• Firmware upgrades and configuration data upload and download via web-based GUI
• Embedded Telnet server and SSH for remote and local management
• Available Syslog
• Mail Alert for WAN IP Changed, Failover indication
• Wake on LAN
• High availability (device redundancy)
• Supports DHCP server / client / relay
• TR-069*3 supports remote management
• SNMP v1/v2/v3 *3 supports remote and local management
Hardware Specifications
Physical Interface
• 3G wireless: 2pcs. x 3G antennae
• Power jack
• Power switch
• Factory default reset button
• WPS push button
• SIM slot: (for the SIM card from Telco / ISP)
• Ethernet: 4-port 10 / 100Mbps auto-crossover (MDI / MDI-X) Switch
• EWAN: Ethernet port #4 can be configured as a WAN interface for connecting to
ADSL / Cable / VDSL / Fiber modem device
• DSL: ADSL port
• WLAN: 1pce x 2dBi detachable antenna
6
Chapter 2: Installing the Router
Package Contents
•3G/ Wireless-G ADSL2+ (VPN) Firewall Router
• CD containing the online manual
• RJ-11 ADSL/Telephone cable
• Ethernet (RJ-45) cable
• One 2dBi Wireless detachable antenna
• Two 3G antennas
• Power adapter
• Quick Start Guide
• Splitter / Micro-filter (Optional)
7
Important note for using this router
8
Device Description
The Front LEDs
LED
Meaning
Lit red when WAN port fails to get IP address.
1
Internet
Lit green when WAN port gets IP address successfully.
Lit off when the device is in bridge mode or when ADSL connection
is absent.
2
DSL
Lit green when the device is successfully connected to an ADSL
DSLAM. (“line sync”)
Lit green when 3G service is ready.
3
3G
Blinking orange slowly when 3G signal is weak; blinking orange fast
when 3G signal is middle; lit up orange steady when 3G signal is
strong.
Lit off when there is no 3G signal.
Lit green when a wireless connection is established.
Flash orange when WPS configuration is in progress. However, if
WPS fails the LED will only lit for 1 min before goes off.
Blinking when data is transmitted/received.
4
Wireless / WPS
5
Ethernet port
Lit green when successfully connected to an Ethernet device.
1X - 4X
Blinking when data is transmitted/received.
(RJ-45 connector)
When the device is booting, the green light will lit while the red light
will flash.
6
Power
When the system is ready, it will lit green.
Lit red when the device fails to boot or when the device is in
emergency mode.
9
The Rear Ports
Port
Meaning
1
Power
Connect it with the supplied power adapter.
2
Power Switch
Power ON/OFF switch.
3
Reset
Press for more than 5 seconds to restore the device to its default
mode.
WPS
Push WPS button to trigger Wi-Fi Protected Setup function.
For WPS configuration, please refer to the WPS section of User
Manual.
4
Insert a SIM card into this slot.
5
USIM
6
Ethernet
7
DSL
Ethernet port 4 can be used for EWAN
Connect the supplied RJ-11 cable to this port when connecting to the
ADSL/telephone network
8
Wireless Antenna
Connect the detachable antenna for wireless connection.
9
3G Antenna
Connect the detachable antennas to these two ports for 3G
connection.
Warning: Before inserting or removing the SIM card, you must
disconnect the router from the power adapter.
Connect your computer to a LAN port using the included Ethernet
cable (with RJ-45 cable)
10
Cabling
One of the most common causes of problem is bad cabling or ADSL line(s). Make sure that all
connected devices are turned on. On the front panel of your router is a bank of LEDs. Verify that the
LAN Link and ADSL line LEDs are lit. If they are not, verify if you are using the proper cables. If the
error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case you should contact technical
support.
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your router (e.g. telephones,
fax machines, analogue modems) have a line filter connected between them and the wall socket
(unless you are using a Central Splitter or Central Filter installed by a qualified and licensed
electrician), and ensure that all line filters are correctly installed and the right way around. Missing
line filters or line filters installed the wrong way around can cause problems with your ADSL
connection, including causing frequent disconnections. If you have a back-to-base alarm system
you should contact your security provider for a technician to make any necessary changes.
11
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
The router can be configured through your web browser. A web browser is included as a standard
application in the following operating systems: Linux, Mac OS, Windows 98/NT/2000/XP/Me/Vista,
etc. The product provides an easy and user-friendly interface for configuration.
Please check your PC network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network
adapter must be installed. If not, please refer to your Windows-related or other operating system
manuals.
There are ways to connect the router, either through an external repeater hub or connect directly
to your PCs. However, make sure that your PCs have an Ethernet interface installed properly prior
to connecting the router device. You ought to configure your PCs to obtain an IP address through
a DHCP server or a fixed IP address that must be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP
address of the router is 192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached PC
must be in the same subnet, and have an IP address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253).
The best and easiest way is to configure the PC to get an IP address automatically from the router
using DHCP. If you encounter any problem accessing the router web interface it is advisable to
uninstall your firewall program on your PCs, as they can cause problems accessing the IP address
of the router. Users should make their own decisions on what is best to protect their network.
Please follow the following steps to configure your PC network environment.
12
Connecting Your Router
BiPAC 7800GZ(L) offers three modes to connect to the internet. Besides using ADSL, users can
set EWAN (Ethernet port # 4) or 3G for internet connection. BiPAC 7800GZ(L) also allows Dual
WAN connection: ADSL fail-over to 3G, EWAN fail-over to 3G, ADSL fail-over to EWAN, and
counter likewise.
ADSL fail-over to 3G
Broadband (EWAN) fail-over to 3G
13
ADSL fail-over to EWAN
14
Network Configuration
Configuring PC in windows 7
1. Go to Start. Click on Control Panel.
Then click on Network and Internet.
2. When the Network and Sharing
Center window pops up, select and click
on Change adapter settings on the left
window panel.
3. Select the Local Area Connection,
and right click the icon to select
Properties.
15
4. Select Internet Protocol Version 4
(TCP/IPv4) then click Properties.
5. In the TCP/IPv4 properties window,
select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and Obtain DNS Server
address automatically radio buttons.
Then click OK to exit the setting.
6. Click OK again in the Local Area
Connection Properties window to
apply the new configuration.
16
Configuring PC in Windows Vista
1. Go to Start. Click on Network.
2. Then click on Network and Sharing
Center at the top bar.
3. When the Network and Sharing
Center window pops up, select and
click
on
Manage
network
connections on the left window
column.
4. Select the Local Area Connection,
and right click the icon to select
Properties.
17
5. Select Internet Protocol Version 4
(TCP/IPv4) then click Properties.
6. In the TCP/IPv4 properties window,
select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and Obtain DNS
Server address automatically radio
buttons. Then click OK to exit the
setting.
7. Click OK again in the Local Area
Connection Properties window to
apply the new configuration.
18
Configuring PC in Windows XP
1. Go to Start > Control Panel (in Classic
View). In the Control Panel, double-click
on Network Connections
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status
window, click Properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio
buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
19
Configuring PC in Windows 2000
1. Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3.
In the Local Area Connection Status
window click Properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio
buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
20
Configuring PC in Windows 95/98/Me
1. Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and choose the Configuration
tab.
2. Select TCP/IP > NE2000 Compatible,
or the name of your Network Interface
Card (NIC) in your PC.
3. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically radio button.
4. Then select the DNS Configuration tab.
5. Select the Disable DNS radio button
and click OK to finish the configuration.
21
Configuring PC in Windows NT4.0
1. Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network and choose the Protocols tab.
2.
Select TCP/IP
Properties.
Protocol
and
click
3. Select the Obtain an IP address from
a DHCP server radio button and click
OK.
22
Factory Default Settings
Before configuring your router, you need to know the following default settings.
Web Interface (Username and Password)
Three user levels are provided by this router, thus Administrator, Basic and Advanced
respectively. You can turn to User Management to change the corresponding passwords and
understand more.
Administrator
Username: admin
Password: admin
Basic
Username: user
Password: user
Advanced (for remote login)
Username: support
Password: support
The default username and password are “admin” and “admin” respectively.
Device LAN IP settings
IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
ISP setting in WAN site
PPPoE
DHCP server
DHCP server is enabled.
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.100
IP pool counts: 100
23
LAN and WAN Port Addresses
The parameters of LAN and WAN ports are pre-set in the factory. The default values are shown in
the table.
IP address
Subnet Mask
DHCP server function
IP addresses for
distribution to PCs
LAN Port
192.168.1.254
255.255.255.0
Enabled
100 IP addresses continuing
from 192.168.1.100 through
192.168.1.199
24
WAN Port
The PPPoE function is
enabled to automatically get
the WAN port configuration
from the ISP.
Information from your ISP
Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service Provider) to find
out what kind of service is provided such as DHCP (Obtain an IP Address Automatically, Static IP
(Fixed IP Address) or PPPoE.
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
PPPoE(RFC2516)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service
Name, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be
automatically assigned by your ISP when you connect or be set manually).
PPPoA(RFC2364)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password and Domain
Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned by your
ISP when you connect or be set manually).
MPoA(RFC1483/
RFC2684)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).
IPoA(RFC1577)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).
Pure Bridge
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing to use Bridged Mode.
25
Chapter 4: Configuration
To easily configure this device for internet access, you must have IE 5.0 / Netscape 4.5 or above
installed on your computer. There are basically 2 ways to configure your router before you are able
to connect to the internet: Easy Sign-On & Web Interface. Configuration of each method will be
discussed in detail in the following sections.
Easy Sign-On (EZSO)
This special feature makes it easier for you to configure your router so that you can connect to the
internet in a matter of seconds without having to logon to the router GUI for any detail configuration.
This configuration method is usually auto initiated if user is to connect to the internet via Billion's
router for the first time.
After setting up the router with all the appropriate cables plugged-in, open up your IE browser, the
EZSO WEB GUI will automatically pop up and request that you enter some basic information that
you have obtained from your ISP. By following the instructions given carefully and through the
information you provide, the router will be configured in no time and you will find yourself surfing
the internet sooner than you realize.
Follow the Easy Sign-On configuration wizard to complete the basic network configuration.
1. Connect your router with all the appropriate cables. Then, load your IE / Netscape browser.
2. When the EZSO configuration wizard pops up, select the connect mode which you want to
set up and then click continue. (There are three modes that you may select: “EWAN” “ADSL”
and another is “3G”.)
3. Choose “Auto” or “Manually” to scan ADSL information.
26
4. The window will then display the Protocol information obtained from the scan result before
redirect you to the next configuration page.
5. Please enter all the information in the blanks provided and then click continue.
6. The device will reboot and then load the new configuration.
27
7. If all information provided is valid and the device successfully connects to WAN, a dialog box will
appear to signify the completion of the WAN port setup. At this point you can either click Done
to finish the EZSO configuration or you can click Next to wireless to proceed to the wireless
configuration if you have.
8. Select Enable and enter the necessary information in the blanks provided for the Wireless LAN
setting if you would like to use this feature and then click Continue.
9. The system will save your new configuration and complete the setup.
10. Congratulations! You’ve completed the setup and are now ready to surf the Internet.
11. You can test the connection by clicking on the URL link provided. If the setup is successful you
will be redirected to website.
28
Configuration via Web Interface
Open your web browser; enter the IP address of your router, which by default is 192.168.1.254, and
click “Go”, a login window prompt will appear. The default username and password are “admin” and
“admin” respectively.
Congratulations! You are now successfully logon to the Firewall Router!
If the authentication succeeds, the homepage Status will appear on the screen.
29
Quick Start
Whether on the Basic or Advanced Configuration Mode, click Quick Start link to WAN Port setup
pages.
Step 1: Select WAN port connect mode from the connect mode drop down menu. There are three
types of connect mode to choose from: EWAN, 3G or ADSL.
Step 2: After selecting the connect mode, press Continue to move on to the next configuring page.
There are 5 types of phone service standards available for 3G connect mode while there are 5
types of connection protocols available under ADSL connect mode, 3 types of connection protocols
available for EWAN connect mode. Each type of connection mode is described in the
following sections of 3G Connect mode, ADSL Connect mode and EWAN Connect mode.
Step 3: After finishing configuring the WAN port connection, click Continue to proceed. The system
will upload and apply the new WAN port configuration to the device.
30
Note: If the WAN line is not ready, a page will display as below and your new configuration
can not be saved.
Step 4: After the configuration is successful, click Next to Wireless button and you may proceed to
configure the Wireless setting. There are 4 types of security mode: WPA, WPA2, WPA/WPA2 PreShared Key and WEP. Please refer to the Wireless Setting Mode section for detail description of
each security mode.
Step 5: After finishing configuring the WLAN setting, press Continue to finish the Quick Start.
31
3G Connect Mode
Connect Mode: You can choose either “ADSL” “EWAN” or “3G” mode.
TEL No.: The dial string to make a GPRS / 3G user internetworking call.
Username: The username provided by your service provider.
APN: An APN is similar to a URL on the WWW, it is what the unit makes a GPRS / UMTS call.
Click Continue to go on to next step.
Mode: There are 5 options of phone service standards: GSM only, UTMS only, GPRS/EDGE first,
UMTS first, and Automatic. If you are uncertain what services are available to you, and then
please select Automatic.
APN: An APN is similar to a URL on the WWW, it is what the unit makes a GPRS / UMTS call. The
service provider is able to attach anything to an APN to create a data connection, requirements for
APNs varies between different service providers. Most service providers have an internet portal
which they use to connect to a DHCP Server, thus giving you access to the internet i.e. Some 3G
32
operators use the APN ‘internet’ for their portal. The default value is “internet”.
Username/Password: Enter the username and password provided by your ISP.
Authentication Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use PAP, CHAP
or MSCHAP.
PIN: PIN stands for Personal Identification Number. A PIN code is a numeric value used in certain
systems as a password to gain access, and authenticate. In mobile phones a PIN code locks the
SIM card until you enter the correct code. If you enter the PIN code incorrectly into the phone 3
times in a row, then the SIM card will be blocked and you will require a PUK code from your network/
service provider.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
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ADSL Connect Mode
Connect Mode: You can choose either “ADSL” “EWAN” or “3G” mode.
Protocol: The current ATM protocol in the device.
VPI/VCI: The current value of VPI/VCI in the device.
Username: To show current authentication username.
IP Address: To show current value of IP address in the device.
For ADSL connect mode there are 5 types of connection protocols: PPPoE, PPPoA, IPoA, MPoA
and Pure Bridge.
34
PPPoE Connection
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you
the necessary information. Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
Authentication method: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address as 0.0.0.0 to enable the device to
automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
35
PPPoA Connection
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
Authentication method: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address as 0.0.0.0 to enable the device to
automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
36
MPoA Connection
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
IP Address: IPOA WAN IP address can only set fixed IP address.
Netmask: User can change it to others such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
37
IPoA Connection
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. If the IP is set to 0.0.0.0 (auto IP detect), both Netmask and
gateway may be left blank.
Netmask: User can change it to others such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
38
Pure Bridge Connection
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
39
EWAN Connect Mode
PPPoE Connection
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive). This is in the format of “username@ispname” instead of simply
“username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you
the necessary information. Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters.
Authentication method: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address as 0.0.0.0 to enable the device to
automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
40
Obtain an IP Address Automatically
Select this protocol enables the device to automatically retrieve IP address.
Fixed IP Address Connection
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address as 0.0.0.0 to enable the device to
automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Netmask: The default is 0.0.0.0. User can change it to other such as 255.255.255.0. Type the
subnet mask assigned to you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: You must specify a gateway IP address (supplied by your ISP).
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
41
Pure Bridge
Wireless Setting Mode
There are 4 types of wireless security modes: WPA Pre-Shared Key, WPA2 Pre-Shared Key,
WPA/WPA2 Pre-Shared Key and WEP.
42
WPA or WPA2 Pre-Shared Key
Here take WPA for example.
WLAN Service: Default setting is Enable. If you want to use wireless, you can select Enable.
ESSID: The ESSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) used to distinguish one
from another. For security propose, change to a unique ID name which is already built into the
router wireless interface. It is case sensitive and must not exceed 32 characters. Make sure your
wireless clients have exactly the ESSID as the device in order to connect to your network.
Channel ID: Select the channel ID that you would like to use.
Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP to protect wireless network. The
default mode of wireless security is Disable.
RADIUS/802.1x: Select Whether to enable or disable the RADIUS Service.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and
key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
If you want to enable the RADIUS service, check Enable and then do the following settings.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here. Default value
is 1812.
RADIUS Shared Secret: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
43
WPA/WPA2 Pre-Shared Key
WPA and WPA2 pre-shared keys are an authentication mechanism in which users provides some
form of credentials to verify that they should be allowed access to a network. This requires a single
password entered into each WLAN node (Access Points, Wireless Routers, client adapters,
bridges). As long as the passwords match, a client will be granted access to a WLAN.
WLAN Service: Default setting is Enable. If you want to use wireless, you can select Enable.
ESSID: The ESSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) used to distinguish one
from another. For security propose, change to a unique ID name which is already built into the
router wireless interface. It is case sensitive and must not exceed 32 characters. Make sure your
wireless clients have exactly the ESSID as the device in order to connect to your network.
Channel ID: Select the channel ID that you would like to use.
Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP to protect wireless network. The
default mode of wireless security is Disable.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and
key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
44
WEP
WLAN Service: Default setting is set to Enable. If you want to use wireless, you can select Enable.
ESSID: The ESSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) used to distinguish one
from another. For security propose, change to a unique ID name which is already built into the
router wireless interface. It is case sensitive and must not exceed 32 characters. Make sure your
wireless clients have exactly the ESSID as the device in order to connect to your network.
Channel ID: Select the channel ID that you would like to use.
Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP to protect wireless network. The
default mode of wireless security is Disable.
RADIUS/802.1x: Choose this box enable RADIUS/802.1x authentication protocol for boosting up
WLAN Security.
Default Used WEP Key: Select the encryption key ID; please refer to Key (1~4) below.
Key (1-4): Enter the key to encrypt wireless data. To allow encrypted data transmission, the WEP
Encryption Key values on all wireless stations must be the same as the router. There are four keys
for your selection. The input format can either be HEX style or ASCII format, 10 and 26 HEX codes
or 5 and 13 ASCII codes are required for WEP64 and WEP128 respectively.
45
If you want to enable the RADIUS service, check Enable and then do the following settings.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here. Default value
is 1812.
RADIUS Shared Secret: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
46
Basic Configuration Mode
Status
Device Information
Model Name: Provide a name for the router for identification purposes.
System Up-Time: Record system up-time.
Hardware Version: Hardware version.
Software Version: Firmware version.
Port Status
Port Status: User can look up to see if they are connected to Ethernet, ADSL, 3G, EWAN and
Wireless.
WAN
Port: Name of the WAN connection.
Protocol VPI/VCI: Virtual Path Identifier and Virtual Channel Identifier.
Operation: Current status in WAN interface.
Connection: Current connection status.
IP Address: WAN port IP address.
Netmask: WAN port IP subnet mask.
Gateway: IP address of the default gateway.
Primary DNS: IP address of the primary DNS server.
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WAN – Main Port (ADSL)
A WAN (Wide Area Network) is an outside connection to another network or the Internet.
PPPoE Connection (ADSL)
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) provides access control in a manner similar to dial-up services using
PPP.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you
the necessary information. Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
IP Address: Enter your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address empty or enter 0.0.0.0 to enable
the device to automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
48
PPPoA Connection (ADSL)
PPPoA stands for Point to Point Protocol over ATM Adaptation Layer 5 (AAL5). It provides access
control and billing functionality in a manner similar to dial-up services using PPP.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
IP Address: Enter your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address empty or enter 0.0.0.0 to enable
the device to automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
49
MPoA Connection (ADSL)
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
IP Address: Enter your WAN IP address. If the IP is set to 0.0.0.0 (auto IP detect), both Netmask
and gateway may be left blank.
Netmask: User can change it to others such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
50
IPoA Connections (ADSL)
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
IP Address: Enter your fixed IP address.
Netmask: User can change it to others such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
51
Pure Bridge Connections (ADSL)
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
52
WAN – Main Port (EWAN)
Besides using ADSL to get connected to the Internet, Ethernet port 4 of BiPAC 7800GZ(L) can be
used as an alternative to connect to Cable Modems, VDSL and fiber optic lines. This alternative not
only provides faster connection to the Internet, it also provides users with more flexibility to get
online.
PPPoE (EWAN)
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you
the necessary information. Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
IP Address: Enter your fixed IP address.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
53
Obtain IP Address Automatically (EWAN)
Select this protocol enables the device to automatically retrieve IP address.
Main Port: Choose EWAN as the main port.
Click Apply to confirm the change.
Fixed IP Address (EWAN)
IP Address: Enter your fixed IP address.
Netmask: User can change it to others such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
54
Pure Bridge (EWAN)
Main Port: Select EWAN as the profile port.
WAN – Main Port (3G)
The setup of 3G is simplified by the web browser-based configuration. It is easy for you to access
to the Internet wherever a 3G connection is available.
Mode: There are 5 options of phone service standards: GSM only, UTMS only, GPRS/EDGE first,
UMTS first, and Automatic. If you are uncertain what services are available to you, and then
please select Automatic.
APN: An APN is similar to a URL on the WWW, it is what the unit makes a GPRS / UMTS call. The
service provider is able to attach anything to an APN to create a data connection, requirements for
APNs varies between different service providers. Most service providers have an internet portal
which they use to connect to a DHCP Server, thus giving you access to the internet i.e. Some 3G
operators use the APN ‘internet’ for their portal. The default value is “internet”.
Username/Password: Enter the username and password provided by your ISP.
Authentication Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use PAP, CHAP
or MSCHAP.
PIN: PIN stands for Personal Identification Number. A PIN code is a numeric value used in certain
systems as a password to gain access, and authenticate. In mobile phones a PIN code locks the
55
SIM card until you enter the correct code. If you enter the PIN code incorrectly into the phone 3
times in a row, then the SIM card will be blocked and you will require a PUK code from your network/
service provider.
Obtain DNS Automatically: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for
domain name and IP addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name.
Check the checkbox to enable this function.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: Enter the primary and secondary DNS.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
56
WLAN
Wireless Parameters
WLAN Service: Default setting is set to Enable. If you do not have any wireless, select Disable.
ESSID: The ESSID is a unique name of a wireless access point (AP) used to distinguish one from
another. For security purpose, change the default wlan-ap to a unique ID name that is already
built into the router wireless interface. Make sure your wireless clients have exactly the ESSID as
the device in order to connect to your network.
Note: It is case sensitive and must not exceed 32 characters.
Hide ESSID: It is used to broadcast its ESSID on the network so that when a wireless client
searches for a network, the router can be discovered and recognized. Default setting is Disable.
Enable: When enabled, you do not broadcast your ESSID. Therefore, no one will be able to
locate the Access Point (AP) of your router.
Disable: When disabled, you allow anybody with a wireless client to be able to locate the
Access Point (AP) of your router.
Regulation Domain: There are seven Regulation Domains for you to choose from, including
North America (N.America), Europe, France, etc. The Channel ID will be different based on this
setting.
Channel ID: Select the wireless connection channel ID that you would like to use.
Note: Wireless performance may degrade if the selected channel ID is already being occupied
by other AP(s).
Security Parameters
Security Mode: You can disable or enable the function with WPA or WEP to protect the wireless
network. The default mode of wireless security is Disable.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
57
Security Mode
WPA or WPA2 Pre-Shared Key
Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP for protecting wireless network.
RADIUS/802.1x: Select Whether to enable or disable the RADIUS Service.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and
key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
Group Key Renewal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). Default value is 3600 seconds.
If you want to enable the RADIUS service, check Enable and then do the following settings.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here. Default value
is 1812.
RADIUS Shared Secret: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
WPA/WPA2 Pre-Shared Key
Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP for protecting wireless network.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and
key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
Group Key Renewal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). Default value is 3600 seconds.
58
WEP
Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP for protecting wireless network.
RADIUS/802.1x: Choose this box enable RADIUS/802.1x authentication protocol for boosting up
WLAN Security.
WEP Authentication: To prevent unauthorized wireless stations from accessing data transmitted
over the network, the router offers secure data encryption, known as WEP. If you require high
security for transmissions, there are 3 options to select from: Open System, Share Key and Both.
Default Used WEP Key: Select the encryption key ID; please refer to Key (1~4) below.
Passphrase: This is used to generate WEP keys automatically based upon the input string and a
pre-defined algorithm in WEP64 or WEP128.
Key (1-4): Enter the key to encrypt wireless data. To allow encrypted data transmission, the WEP
Encryption Key values on all wireless stations must be the same as the router. There are four keys
for your selection. The input format is in HEX or ASCII style, 5 and 13 ASCII codes are required for
WEP64 and WEP128 or 10 and 26 HEX codes are required for WEP64 and WEP128 respectively.
59
If you want to enable the RADIUS service, check Enable and then do the following settings.
WEP Authentication: If you enable RADIUS/802.1x, then the default WEP Authentication is
Open System.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here. Default
value is 1812.
RADIUS Shared Secret: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
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Advanced Configuration Mode
Status
Device Information
Model Name: Displays the model name.
Host Name: Provide a name for the router for identification purposes. Host Name lets
you change the router name.
System Up-Time: Records system up-time.
Current time: Set the current time. See the Time Zone section for more information.
Hardware Version: Device version.
Software Version: Firmware version.
MAC Address: The LAN MAC address.
Physical Port Status
Port Status: User can look up to see if they are connected to Ethernet, WAN and
Wireless.
WAN
Port: Name of the WAN connection.
Protocol VPI/VCI: Virtual Path Identifier and Virtual Channel Identifier
Operation: The current status in WAN interface.
Connection: The current connection status.
IP Address: WAN port IP address.
Netmask: WAN port IP subnet mask.
Gateway: The IP address of the default gateway.
Primary DNS: The IP address of the primary DNS server.
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ADSL Status
DSP Firmware Version: DSP code version.
DMT Status: Current DMT Status.
Operational Mode: Displays the ADSL state when the connect mode is set to AUTO. Click
Operational Mode link to go to the ADSL Mode configuration page. Click Operational Mode to go to
ADSL Mode configuration page to configure ADSL mode.
Upstream: Upstream rate.
Downstream: Downstream rate.
SNR Margin (Upstream): This shows the SNR margin for upstream rate.
SNR Margin (Downstream): This shows the SNR margin for downstream rate.
Line Attenuation (Upstream): This is attenuation of signal in upstream.
Line Attenuation (Downstream): This is attenuation of signal in downstream.
Refresh: Click Refresh button to reset the statistics value of Upstream/Downstream rate.
62
WAN Statistics
Interface: the name of the WAN Connection
Protocol: the protocol the WAN Connection adopt
VPI/VCI: Virtual Path Identifier and Virtual Channel Identifier of the WAN Connection, it is provided
by ISP.
Received: Include received Bytes, Pkts, Errs and Drops.
Transmitted: Include transmitted Bytes, Pkts, Errs and Drops.
Refresh: Click Refresh button to reset the statistics value of Received / Transmitted.
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3G Status
Status: The current status of the 3G card. Click Status to go to 3G configuration page.
Signal Strength: The signal strength bar indicates current 3G signal strength.
Network Name: The network name that the device is connected to.
Network Mode: The current operation mode in 3G card, it depends on service provider and card’s
limitation. It may be UMTS(3G), GPRS, EDGE, or GSM .
Card Name: The name of the 3G card.
Card Firmware: The current firmware for the 3G card.
Current TX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of transmission, count for this call.
Current RX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of receive, count for this call.
Total TX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of transmission, count from system ready.
Total RX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of receive, count from system ready.
Total Connection Time: The statistics of the connection time since system is ready.
Amount used: the amount that have been used in 3G
Billing period: the remaining days before the billing terminated day.
Clear: Click Clear button to reset the statistics value of Total TX/RX.
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ARP Table
This table stores mapping information that the device uses to find the Layer 2 Media Access
Control (MAC) address that corresponds to the Layer 3 IP address of the device via the Address
Resolution Protocol (ARP) feature.
IP Address: Shows the IP Address of the device that the MAC address maps to.
MAC Address: Shows the MAC address that is corresponded to the IP address of the device it is
mapped to.
Interface: Shows the interface name (on the router) that this IP address connects to.
Static ARP: Shows the status of static ARP.
65
DHCP Table
The DHCP Table lists the DHCP lease information for all IP addresses assigned by the DHCP
server in the device.
IP Address: The IP address which is assigned to the host with this MAC address.
MAC Address: The MAC Address of internal dhcp client host.
Client Host Name: The Host Name of internal dhcp client.
Register Information: Shows the information provided during registration.
66
System Log
Display system logs accumulated up to the present time. You can trace its historical information
with this function.
Refresh: Click to update the system log.
Clear: Click to clear the current log from the screen.
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Firewall Log
Firewall Log display log information of any unexpected action with your firewall settings. This page
displays the router’s Firewall Log entries. The log shows log entries when you have enabled
Intrusion Detection or Block WAN PING in the Configuration – Firewall section of the interface.
Please see the Firewall section of this manual for more details on how to enable Firewall logging.
Refresh: Click to update the firewall log.
Clear: Click to clear the current log from the screen.
UPnP Portmap
The UPnP Portmap table displays the IP address of each UPnP device that is accessing the router.
It also shows the ports (Internal and External) that device has opened.
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IPSec Status
The IPSec Table provides administrators with detailed information regarding the configured IPSec
VPN Connections.
Name: The name you assigned to the particular VPN entry.
Active: Whether the VPN Connection is currently Active.
Local Subnet: The local IP Address or Subnet used.
Remote Subnet: The Subnet of the remote site.
Remote Gateway: The Remote Gateway IP address.
SA: The Security Association for this VPN entry.
VRRP Status
The VRRP Status displays information of current status and current master of VRRP.
Current Status: Show VRRP current status, Master or Backup.
Current Master: Show the IP address of current master.
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Configuration
When you click this item, the column will expand to display the sub-items that will allow you to further
configure your router.
LAN, WAN, System, Firewall, VPN, QoS, Virtual Server, Wake on LAN, Certificate, Time
Schedule and Advanced.
The function of each configuration sub-item is described in the following sections.
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LAN - Local Area Network
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system network where many computers
are connected. This type of network is area defined and is usually limited to a confined region
within a building or just within the same storey of a building.
There are 6 items within the LAN section: Ethernet, IP Alias, Wireless, Wireless Security, WPS,
DHCP Server and VRRP.
Ethernet
The router supports more than one Ethernet IP addresses in the LAN that supports multiple internet
access at the same time. Users usually only have one subnet in their LAN. The default IP address
for the router is 192.168.1.254.
IP Address: The default IP on this router.
Netmask: The default subnet mask on this router.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2 and RIP v1+v2. Check to enable RIP function.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
IP Alias
This function allows the addition an IP alias to the network interface. It further allows user the
flexibility to assign a specific function to use this IP.
IP Address: Enter the IP address to be added to the network.
Netmask: Specify a subnet mask for the IP to be added.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Wireless
Parameters
WLAN Service: Default setting is set to Enable. If you do not have any wireless, select Disable.
Time Schedule: A self defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy.
Here we provide two groups of Time Schedule setting. You can flexibly set the time you want the
wireless connection works.
If you select Always On in group1, then the group2 is disabled.
While if you select any other item from the group1 drop-down menu, the group2 will be activated.
Select the timeslot you want, then the wireless will work according to the time of the two time
schedule settings. That is to say you can flexibly set the time the wireless works.
For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section.
Mode: The default setting is 802.11b+g. From the drop-down manual, you can select 802.11b if
you have only 11b card. If you have only 11g card, select 802.11g.
ESSID: The ESSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) used to distinguish one
from another. For security propose, change to a unique ID name which is already built into the
router wireless interface. It is case sensitive and must not exceed 32 characters. Make sure your
wireless clients have exactly the ESSID as the device in order to connect to your network.
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Hide ESSID: This function enables the router to become invisible on the network. Thus, any clients
using the wireless setting to search for available or specific router on the network will not be able to
discover the router whose Hide ESSID function is set to enabled. The default setting is disabled.
Enable: When enabled, you do not broadcast your ESSID. Therefore, no one will be able to
locate the Access Point (AP) of your router.
Disable: When disabled, you allow anybody with a wireless client to be able to locate the
Access Point (AP) of your router.
Regulation Domain: There are seven Regulation Domains for you to choose from, including North
America (N.America), Europe, France, etc. The Channel ID will be different based on this setting.
Channel ID: Select the wireless connection channel ID that you would like to use.
Note: Wireless performance may degrade if the selected channel ID is already being occupied
by other AP(s).
TX PowerLevel: It is a function that enhances the wireless transmitting signal strength. User may
adjust this power level from minimum 0 up to maximum 100.
Note: The Power Level maybe different in each access network user premise environment,
choose the most suitable level for your network.
AP MAC Address: It is a unique hardware address of the Access Point.
AP Firmware Version: The Access Point firmware version.
WPS Service: Select Enable if you would like to activate WPS service.
WPS State: This column allows you to set the status of the device wireless setting whether it
has been configured or unconfigured. For WPS configuration please refer to the section on Wi-Fi
Network Setup for detail.
WMM: This feature is used to control the prioritization of traffic according to 4 Access categories:
Voice, Video, Best Effort and Background. Default is set to disable.
Enable: Click to activate WMM feature.
Disable: Click to deactivate WMM feature.
Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
It is a wireless access point mode that enables wireless link and communication with other access
points. It is easy to install simply by defining the peer’s MAC address of the connected AP. WDS
takes advantages of the cost saving and flexibility which no extra wireless client device is required to
bridge between two access points and extending an existing wired or wireless infrastructure network
to create a larger network. It can connect up to 4 wireless APs for extending cover range at the same
time.
In addition, WDS also enhances its link connection security mode. Key encryption and channel must
be the same for both access points.
WDS Service: The default setting is disabled. Check Enable radio button to activate this function.
1. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the associated AP’s MAC Address. It is important that your
peer’s AP must include your MAC address in order to acknowledge and communicate with each
other.
2. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the second associated AP’s MAC Address.
3. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the third associated AP’s MAC Address.
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4. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the fourth associated AP’s MAC Address.
Note: For MAC Address, the format can be: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx or xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
You can click Security settings link next to Cancel button to go to Wireless Security screen (see
Wireless Security section).
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Wireless Security
You can disable or enable wireless security function using WPA or WEP for protecting wireless
network. The default mode of wireless security is disabled.
WPA or WPA2 Pre-Shared Key
Here take WPA for example.
Security Mode: You can choose the type of security mode you want to apply from the drop-down
menu.
RADIUS/802.1x: Select Whether to enable or disable the RADIUS Service.
WPA Algorithms: There are two Algorithms, AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) and TKIP
(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) which help to protect the wireless communication. The Default
algorithm is AES.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and
key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
Group Key Renewal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). Default value is 3600 seconds.
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If you want to enable the RADIUS service, check Enable and then do the following settings.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here. Default value
is 1812.
RADIUS Shared Secret: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
WPA / WPA2 Pre-Shared Key
Security Mode: You can choose the type of security mode you want to apply from the drop-down
menu.
WPA Algorithms: There are two Algorithms, AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) and TKIP
(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) which help to protect the wireless communication. The Default
algorithm is AES.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and
key size should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
Group Key Renewal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically
between wireless client and Access Point (AP). Default value is 3600 seconds.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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WEP
Security Mode: Choose the type of security mode WEP from the drop-down menu.
RADIUS/802.1x: Choose this box enable RADIUS/802.1x authentication protocol for boosting up
WLAN Security.
WEP Authentication: To prevent unauthorized wireless stations from accessing data transmitted
over the network, the router offers secure data encryption, known as WEP. There are 3 options to
select from: Open System, Shared Key or Both.
Default Used WEP Key: Select the encryption key ID; please refer to Key (1~4) below.
Passphrase: This is used to generate WEP keys automatically based upon the input string and a
pre-defined algorithm in WEP64 or WEP128.
Key (1-4): Enter the key to encrypt wireless data. To allow encrypted data transmission, the WEP
Encryption Key values on all wireless stations must be the same as the router. There are four keys
for your selection. The input format is in HEX or ASCII style, 5 and 13 ASCII codes are required for
WEP64 and WEP128 or 10 and 26 HEX codes are required for WEP64 and WEP128 respectively.
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If you want to enable the RADIUS service, check Enable and then do the following settings.
WEP Authentication: If you enable RADIUS/802.1x, then the default WEP Authentication is
Open System.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the IP address of RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the port number of RADIUS authentication server here. Default value
is 1812.
RADIUS Shared Secret: Enter the password of RADIUS authentication server.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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WPS
WPS (WiFi Protected Setup) feature is a standard protocol created by Wi-Fi Alliance. This feature
greatly simplifies the steps needed to create a Wi-Fi network for a residential or an office setting.
WPS supports 2 types of configuration methods which are commonly known among consumers:
PIN Method & PBC Method.
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Wi-Fi Network Setup
PIN Method: Configure AP as Registrar
1. Jot down the client’s Pin (eg. 16837546).
2. Enter the Enrollee’s PIN number and then press Start.
3. Launch the wireless client’s WPS utility (eg. Ralink Utility). Set the Config Mode as Enrollee,
press the WPS button on the top bar, select the AP (eg. wlan-ap) from the WPS AP List column.
Then press the PIN button located on the middle left of the page to run the scan.
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4. The client’s SSID and security setting will now be configured to match the SSID and security
setting of the registrar.
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PIN Method: Configure AP as Enrollee
1. In the WPS configuration page, change the Role to Enrollee. Then press Start.
2. Jot down the WPS PIN (eg. 25879810).
3. Launch the wireless client’s WPS utility (eg. Ralink Utility). Set the Config Mode as Registrar.
Enter the PIN number in the PIN Code column then choose the correct AP (eg. wlan-ap) from
the WPS AP List section before pressing the PIN button to run the scan.
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4. The router’s (AP’s) SSID and security setting will now be configured to match the SSID and
security setting of the registrar.
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5. Now to make sure that the setup is correctly done, cross check to see if the SSID and the security
setting of the registrar setting match with the parameters found on both Wireless Configuration
and Wireless Security Configuration page.
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The parameters on both Wireless Configuration and Wireless Security Configuration page are as
follows:
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PBC Method:
1. Press the PBC button of the AP.
2. Launch the wireless client’s WPS Utility (eg. Ralink Utility). Set the Config Mode as Enrollee.
Then press the WPS button and choose the correct AP (eg. wlan-ap) from the WPS AP List
section before pressing the PBC button to run the scan.
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3. When the PBC button is pushed, a wireless communication will be established between your
router and the PC. The client’s SSID and security setting will now be configured to match the SSID
and security setting of the router.
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Wi-Fi Network Setup with Windows Vista WCN:
1. Jot down the AP PIN from the Web (eg. 25879810).
2. Access the Wireless configuration of the web GUI. Set the WPS State to Unconfigured then
click Apply.
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3. In your Vista operating system, access the Control Panel page, then select Network and Internet
> View Network Computers and Devices. Double click on the BiPAC 7800GZ(L) icon and enter
the AP PIN in the column provided then press Next.
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4. Enter the AP SSID then click Next.
5. Enter the Passphrase then click Next.
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6. When you have come to this step, you will have completed the Wi-Fi network setup using
the built-in WCN feature in Windows Vista.
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DHCP Server
DHCP allows networked devices to obtain information on the parameter of IP, Netmask, Gateway
as well as DNS through the Ethernet Address of the device.
To configure the router’s DHCP Server, select DHCP Server from the DHCP Server Mode dropdown menu. You can then configure parameters of the DHCP Server including the domain, IP pool
(starting IP address and ending IP address to be allocated to PCs on your network), lease time
for each assigned IP address (the period of time the IP address assigned will be valid), DNS IP
address and the gateway IP address. These details are sent to the DHCP client (i.e. your PC) when
it requests an IP address from the DHCP server. If you check “Use Router as a DNS Server”, the
ADSL Router will perform the domain name lookup, find the IP address from the outside network
automatically and forward it back to the requesting PC in the LAN (your Local Area Network). Click
Apply to enable this function.
If you select DHCP Relay from the DHCP Server Mode drop-down menu, you must enter the IP
address of the DHCP server that assigns an IP address to the DHCP client in the LAN. Use this
function only if advised to do so by your network administrator or ISP. Click Apply to enable this
function.
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VRRP
VRRP is designed to eliminate the single point of failure inherent in the static default routed
environment. VRRP specifies an election protocol that dynamically assigns responsibility for a
virtual router to one of the VRRP routers on a LAN. The VRRP router controlling the IP address
associated with a virtual router is called the Master, and forwards packets sent to these IP
addresses. The election process provides dynamic fail-over in the forwarding responsibility should
the Master become unavailable. Any of the virtual router's IP addresses on a LAN can then be
used as the default first hop router by end-hosts. The advantage gained from using VRRP is a
higher availability default path without requiring configuration of dynamic routing or router
discovery protocols on every end-host.
VRRP: The default setting is Disable. Check Enable radio button to activate this function.
VRID: A master or backup router running the VRRP protocol may participate in one VRID instance.
Priority: Specifies the sending VRRP router's priority for the virtual router. Higher values equal
higher priority. The priority value for the VRRP router that owns the IP address associated with the
virtual router MUST be 255. VRRP routers backing up a virtual router MUST use priority values
between 1 and 254. The default priority value for VRRP routers backing up a virtual router is 100.
The priority value zero (0) has special meaning indicating that the current Master has stopped
participating in VRRP. This is used to trigger Backup routers to quickly transition to Master without
having to wait for the current Master to timeout.
Preempt Mode: When preempt mode is enabled, a backup router always takes over the
responsibility of the master router. When disabled, the lower priority backup is left in the master
state.
VRIP: One IP address that is associated with the virtual router.
Advertisement period: Indicates the time interval in seconds between advertisements. The
default value is 1 second.
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WAN - Wide Area Network
A WAN (Wide Area Network) is a computer network that covers a broad geographical area (e.g.
Internet) that is used to connect LAN and other types of network systems. There are 4 items within
the WAN section: WAN Interface, WAN Profile, Mobile Networks and ADSL Mode.
WAN Interface (ADSL)
Main Port: Select the main port from the drop-down menu.
Click Apply to confirm the change.
WAN Interface (3G)
Main Port: Select the main port from the drop-down menu.
Click Apply to confirm the change.
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WAN Interface (EWAN)
Main Port: Select the main port from the drop-down menu.
Click Apply to confirm the change.
WAN Interface (Dual WAN)
Main Port: Select the main port from the drop-down menu.
WAN1: Choose ADSL EWAN or 3G for WAN1. Click the link to go to WAN Profile page to configure
its parameters.
WAN2: Choose ADSL EWAN or 3G for WAN2. Click the link to go to WAN Profile page to
configure its parameters.
Keep Backup Interface Connected: Select Enable this function, the backup port WAN2 will be
connected all the time.
Connectivity Decision: Enter the value for the times when probing failed to switch backup port.
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Failover Probe Cycle: Set the time duration for the Failover Probe Cycle to determine when the
router will switch to the backup connection (backup port) once the main connection (main port)
fails.
Failback Probe Cycle: Set the time duration for the Failback Probe Cycle to determine when the
router will switch back to the main connection (main port) from the backup connection (backup port)
once the main connection communicates again.
Note: The time values entered in Failover Probe Cycle and Failback Probe Cycle fields are
set for each probe cycle and decided by Probe Cycle duration multiplied by Connection
Decision value (e.g. 60 seconds are multiplied by 12 seconds and 5 consecutive fails).
Detect Rule (either one):
1. Physical Port Error
2. Ping Fail
• No Ping: It will not send any ping packet to determine the connection. It means to disable
the ping fail detection.
• Ping Gateway: It will send ping packet to gateway and wait response from gateway in every
“Probe Cycle”.
• Ping Host: It will send ping packet to specific host and wait response in every “Probe Cycle”.
The host must be an IP address.
Click Apply to confirm the change.
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WAN Profile (ADSL)
PPPoE (ADSL)
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) provides access control in a manner similar to dial-up services using
PPP.
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you
the necessary information. Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address as 0.0.0.0 to enable the device to
automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address of a specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
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Primary DNS / Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers
are passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the Netmask.
Connection: Click on Always on to establish a PPPoE session during start up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP. You may uncheck
the item to disable this function.
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line
for a predetermined period of time.
MTU: Control the maximum Ethernet packet size your PC will send.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service Providers. You must fill the MAC address
specified by your service provider when this information is required. The default setting is set to
disable.
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PPPoA (ADSL)
PPPoA stands for Point to Point Protocol over ATM Adaptation Layer 5 (AAL5). It provides access
control and billing functions in a manner similar to dial-up services using PPP.
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address as 0.0.0.0 to enable the device to
automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address of a specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS / Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers
are passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the Netmask.
Connection: Click on Always on to establish a PPPoE session during start up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP. You may uncheck
the item to disable this function.
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Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line
for a predetermined period of time.
MTU: Control the maximum Ethernet packet size your PC will send.
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MPoA (ADSL)
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single ISP account by sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service Providers. You must fill the MAC address
specified by your service provider when this information is required. The default setting is set to
disable.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. If the IP is set to 0.0.0.0 (auto IP detect), both Netmask
and gateway can be left blank.
Netmask: User can change it to other such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given)
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address of a specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS / Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers
are passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the Netmask.
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IPoA (ADSL)
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single ISP account by sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled.
IP Address: Enter your fixed IP address.
Netmask: User can change it to other such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS Automatically: Select this check box to activate DNS.
Primary DNS / Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers
are passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the Netmask.
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Pure Bridge (ADSL)
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Encap. method: Select the encapsulation format. Select the one provided by your ISP.
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WAN Profile – Main Port (3G)
Usage Allowance: to control 3G flow, click it to further configure about 3G flow, refer to the
following 3G Usage Allowance for more information.
Mode: There are 5 options of phone service standards: GSM only, UTMS only, GPRS/EDGE first,
UMTS first, and Automatic. If you are uncertain what services are available to you, then please
select Automatic.
TEL No.: The dial string to make a GPRS / 3G user internetworking call. It may provide by your
mobile service provider.
APN: An APN is similar to a URL on the WWW, it is what the unit makes a GPRS / UMTS call. The
service provider is able to attach anything to an APN to create a data connection, requirements for
APNs varies between different service providers. Most service providers have an internet portal
which they use to connect to a DHCP Server, thus giving you access to the internet i.e. some 3G
operators use the APN ‘internet’ for their portal. The default value is “internet”.
Username/Password: Enter the username and password provided by your service provider. The
username and password are case sensitive.
Authentication Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your service provider on whether to use
PAP, CHAP or MSCHAP.
PIN: PIN stands for Personal Identification Number. A PIN code is a numeric value used in certain
systems as a password to gain access, and authenticate. In mobile phones a PIN code locks the
SIM card until you enter the correct code. If you enter the PIN code incorrectly into the phone 3
times in a row, then the SIM card will be blocked and you will require a PUK code from your network/
service provider.
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Connection:
Always On: The router will make UMTS/GPRS call when starting up. Click on Always On, the
Keep Alive field will display.
Keep Alive: Check Enable to allow the router automatically reconnects the connection when
ISP disconnects it.
Connect on Demand: If you want to make UMTS/GPRS call only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access
the Internet). In this mode, you must set Idle Timeout value at same time. Click on Connect on
Demand, the Idle Timeout field will display.
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on
the line for a predetermined period of time. The idle timeout value is not allowed to be set
under 10 seconds. Default is 600 seconds.
NAT: Check to enable the NAT function.
Obtain DNS Automatically: Select this check box to activate DNS automatically.
Primary DNS/ Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are
passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the Netmask.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific
headers) that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
Note: If you don’t know how to set these parameters, please keep them untouched.
3G Usage Allowance
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Mode: include Volume-based and Time-based control.
Volume-based include “only Download”, ”only Upload” and “Download and Upload” to limit the flow.
Time-based control the flow by providing specific hours per month.
The billing period begins on: the beginning day of billing each month.
Over usage allowance action: what to do when the flow is over usage allowance, the available
methods are “E-mail Alert”, ”Email Alert and Disconnect” and “Disconnect”.
E-mail alert at percentage of bandwidth: When the used bandwidth exceeds the set proportion,
the system will send email to alert.
Save the statistics to ROM: to save the statistics to ROM system.
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WAN Profile (EWAN)
PPPoE (EWAN)
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 256 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 32 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you
the necessary information. Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. Leave the IP address as 0.0.0.0 to enable the device to
automatically obtain an IP address from your ISP.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Please consult your ISP on whether to use Chap, Pap or
MSCHAP.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address of a specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS / Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers
are passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the netmask.
Connection: Click on Always on to establish a PPPoE session during start up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP. You may uncheck
the item to disable this function.
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line
for a predetermined period of time.
MTU: Control the maximum Ethernet packet size your PC will send.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service Providers. You must fill the MAC address
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specified by your service provider when this information is required. The default setting is set to
disable.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Obtain an IP Address Automatically (EWAN)
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service Providers. You must fill the MAC address
specified by your service provider when this information is required. The default setting is set to
disable.
Obtain DNS: Select this check box to activate DNS.
Primary DNS/ Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are
passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the Netmask.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Fixed IP Address (EWAN)
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet
through a single IP account by sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have their own
public IP addresses to access the Internet, NAT function can be disabled.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service Providers. You must fill the MAC address
specified by your service provider when this information is required. The default setting is set to
disable.
IP Address: Enter your fixed IP address.
Netmask: User can change it to others such as 255.255.255.128. Type the Netmask assigned to
you by your ISP (if given)
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway.
Obtain DNS: Select this check box to activate DNS.
Primary DNS/ Secondary DNS: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are
passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the Netmask.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Pure Bridge (EWAN)
Profile Port: Select EWAN as the profile port.
Protocol: Select Pure Bridge.
Mobile Networks
Select Network: Select the appropriate mobile network from the drop-down menu. Default is Auto.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
ADSL Mode
ADSL Mode: There are 2 modes: Annex L and Annex M that you can select for this connection.
Modulator: There are 5 modes: ADSL2, ADSL2+, G.Lite, T1.413 and G.Dmt that you can select
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for this connection.
SRA: select whether to enable SRA feature. SRA, short for Seamless Rate Adaptation, is a
technology used to adapt the rate seamlessly without any influence to the working system, to
assure of the quality of the ADSL system.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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System
There are 5 items within the System section: Time Zone, Firmware Upgrade, Backup/Restore,
Restart, User Management, Mail Alert, Syslog and Diagnostics Tools.
Time Zone
The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple Network Time
Protocol (SNTP) to get the most current time from an SNTP server outside your network. Choose
your local time zone from the drop down menu. To apply the selected local time zone, click Enable
and click the Apply button. After a successful connection to the Internet, the router will retrieve the
correct local time from the SNTP server you have specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP server
other than those in the drop-down list, simply enter its IP address in their appropriate blanks
provided as shown above. Your ISP may also provide an SNTP server for you to use.
Daylight Saving is also known as Summer Time Period. Many places in the world adapt it during
summer time to move one hour of daylight from morning to the evening in local standard time.
Check Enable box to set your local time.
Resync Period (in minutes) is the periodic interval the router will wait before it re-synchronizes the
router’s time with that of the specified SNTP server. In order to avoid unnecessarily increasing the
load on your specified SNTP server you should keep the poll interval as high as possible - at the
absolute minimum every few hours or even days.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Firmware Upgrade
Your router’s firmware is the software that enables it to operate and provides all its functionality.
Think of your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the software that runs in your
router. Thus, by upgrading the newly improved version of the firmware allows you the advantage to
use newly integrated features.
Factory Default Settings: If select this setting, the device will reboot to restore the parameters of
all its applications to its default values.
Current Settings: If select this setting, the device will reboot and retain the customized settings of
all applications.
Click on Browse to select the new firmware image file you have downloaded to your PC. Once the
correct file is selected, click Upgrade to update the firmware to your router.
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Backup / Restore
These functions allow you to save a backup of the current configuration of your router to a defined
location on your PC, or to restore a previously saved configuration. This is useful if you wish to
experiment with different settings, knowing that you have a backup in hand in case any mistakes
occur. It is advisable that you backup your router configuration before making any changes to your
router configuration.
BackupConfiguration
Press Backup Settings to select where on your local PC you want to store your setting file. You
may also want to change the name of the file when saving if you wish to keep multiple backups.
RestoreConfiguration
Press Browse to select a file from your PC to restore. You should only restore your router setting
that has been generated by the Backup function which is created with the current version of the
router firmware. Settings files saved to your PC should not be manually edited in any way.
Select the settings files you wish to use, and press Restore to load the setting into the router. Click
Restore to begin restoring the configuration and wait for the router to restart before performing any
actions.
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Restart
There are 2 options for you to choose from before restarting the 7800GZ(L) device. You can either
choose to restart your device to restore it to the Factory Default Settings or to restart the device
with your current settings applied. Restarting your device to Factory Default Setting will be useful
especially after you have accidentally changed your settings that may result in undesirable
outcome.
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a firmware
upgrade or if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default Settings to reset to
factory default settings.
Click Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router (and restore your last saved
configuration).
After selecting the type of setting you want the device to restart with, click the Restart button to
initiate the process. After restarting, please wait several minutes to let the selected setting applied
to the system.
You may also reset your router to factory settings by holding the small Reset pinhole button more
than 1 second on the back of your router.
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User Management
In order to prevent unauthorized access to your router configuration interface, it requires all users
to login with a username and password. Three user levels are provided here. Each user level
there’s a default provided password. You must access the router with the appropriate username
and password. Here the corresponding passwords are allowed to change. To change your
password, simply enter the old password in the Old Password blank. Then enter your new
password in the New Password and Confirm Password blanks provided. When this is done, press
Apply to save changes.
Level: select which level you want to change password to. There are three default levels.
L
Administrator: the root user, corresponding default username and password are admin and
admin respectively.
L
Advanced: username for the remote user to login, corresponding default username and
password are support and support respectively.
L
Basic: username for the general user, corresponding default username password are user
and user respectivley.
User: display the usename.
Password (Old): Enter the old password.
Password (New): Enter the new password.
Password (Confirm): Enter again the new password to confirm.
Login Mode: choose to login to which Web GUI configuration page, Basic or Advanced. Basic will
lead you to Basic configuration page, Advanced will lead you to Advanced configuration page.
Click Apply to apply your new settings.
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Mail Alert
Mail alert is designed to keep system administrator or other relevant personnel alerted of any
unexpected events that might have occurred to the network computers or server for monitoring
efficiency. With this alert system, appropriate solutions may be tackled to fix problems that may
have arisen so that the server can be properly maintained
Main Port: Choose the main port to be configured.
Apply all the settings to: Apply the settings for the current port to the other two ports.
SMTP Server: Enter the SMTP server that you would like to use for sending emails.
Username: Enter the username of your email account to be used by the SMTP server.
Password: Enter the password of your email account.
Sender’s Email: Enter your email address.
SSL: Enable the option and input your port number if your email is encrypted by SSL.
Recipient’s Email (Failover / Failback): Enter the email address that will receive the alert
message once a computer / network server failover occurs.
Recipient’s Email (WAN IP Change Alert): Enter the email address that will receive the alert
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message once a WAN IP change has been detected.
Recipient’s Email (3G Usage Allowance): Enter the email address that will receive the alert
message once the 3G over Usage Allowance occurs.
Alert Mail Time (intrusion Detection): the interval for sending alert mail.
Recipient’s Email (intrusion Detection): Enter the email address that will receive the alert
message once the intrusion is detected.
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Syslog
Remote Server: Specify the server that is used to save the device's syslog.
Server IP Address: The IP address of remote server.
Server UDP Port: The UDP Port of remote server.
Diagnostics Tools
Destination IP / Domain Name: Input the IP or domain name to be tested.
Trace IP: Input IP to be traced.
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Firewall
Listed are the items under the Firewall section: Packet Filter, Ethernet MAC Filter, Wireless MAC
Filter, Intrusion Detection, Block WAN PING and URL Filter.
Packet Filter
Packet filtering enables you to configure your router to block specific internal / external users (IP
address) from Internet access, or disable specific service requests (Port number) to / from the
Internet. This configuration program allows you to set up different filter rules for different users
based on their IP addresses or their network Port number. The relationship among all filters is “or”
operation, which means that the router checks these different filter rules one by one, starting from
the first rule. As long as one of the rules is satisfied, the specified action will be taken.
Rule Name: User defined description for entry identification. The maximum name length is 32
characters, and then can choose an application that they want from the listbox.
Internal IP Address / External IP Address: This is the Address-Filter used to allow or block traffic
to/rom particular IP address(es). Input the range you want to filter out. If you leave these four fields
empty or enter 0.0.0.0, it means any IP address.
Protocol: Specify the packet type (TCP, UDP, TCP/UDP,RAW, Any) that the rule applies to. Select
TCP if you wish to search for the connection-based application service on the remote server using
the port number. Or select UDP if you want to search for the connectionless application service on
the remote server using the port number. Only when RAW is selected, then you can type the
protocol number to identify the protocol that you want the filter applies to. When Any is selected, it
means the filter will applies to any protocol.
Protocol Number: when RAW is selected in Protocol field, then type the specific protocol number
here.
Action: If a packet matches this filter rule, forward (allows the packets to pass) or drop (disallow
the packets to pass) this packet.
Internal Port: This Port or Port Range defines the ports allowed to be used by the Remote/WAN to
connect to the application. Default is set from range 1 ~ 65535. It is recommended that this option
be configured by an advanced user.
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External Port: This is the Port or Port Range that defines the application.
Direction: Determine whether the rule is for outgoing packets or for incoming packets.
Time Schedule: A self defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section.
Log: Select Enable for this option if you will like to capture the logs for this Packet filter policy.
Add: Click this button to add a new packet filter rule and the added rule will appear at the bottom
table.
Edit: Check Edit next to the item you wish to edit, and then change parameters as desired.
Complete it by press “Edit/Delete”.
Delete: Check Delete next to the item you wish to delete, and press “Edit/Delete” to remove this
rule.
Reorder: Be aware that packet filtering parameters appear in priority order i.e. the first one takes
precedence over all other rules. There is a sort function next to the Rule Name column, you can
move the rule to higher or lower priority by clicking the Order arrow, and press “Reorder” to save
the new priority.
L Creating a rule
Select or type a rule name, set other parameters as needed, then press Add. (two examples as
follows)
FTP:
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Allowing_Any (allowing any incoming packets to be forwarded in):
L
Editing and Deleting
Editing: Press the Edit radio button beside the item, and change the parameters, then press
Edit/Delete to confirm.
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Deleting: Check the checkbox, press Edit/Delete, then the item will be removed.
L Reorder
When there are more than one Filter rule, you can reorder them to the priority you want. The former
is prior to the latter one.
Click or
to change the priority of the filter, then press Reorder to confirm.
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Ethernet MAC Filter
A MAC (Media Access Control) address is the unique network hardware identifier for each PC on
your network’s interface (i.e. its Network Interface Card or Ethernet card). Using your router’s MAC
Address Filter function, you can configure the network to block specific machines from accessing
your LAN.
There are no pre-defined MAC address filter rules, you can add the filter rules to you’re your
requirements.
The format of MAC address could be: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx or xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx.
Filter Action
Action: Select an action for MAC Filter. This feature is disabled by default. Check Allow or Block to
activate the filter.
Parameters
MAC Address: Enter the Ethernet MAC addresses you wish to have the filter rule applied.
Time Schedule: A self defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section.
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Wireless MAC Filter
A MAC (Media Access Control) address is the unique network hardware identifier for each PC on
your network’s interface (i.e. its Network Interface Card or Ethernet card). Using your router’s MAC
Address Filter function, you can configure the network to block specific machines from accessing
your LAN.
There are no pre-defined MAC address filter rules, you can add the filter rules to you’re your
requirements.
The format of MAC address could be: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx or xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx.
Filter Action
Action: Select an action for MAC Filter. This feature is disabled by default. Check Allow or Block
to activate the filter.
Parameters
MAC Address: Enter the wireless MAC addresses you wish to have the filter rule applies.
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Intrusion Detection
The router Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is used to detect hacker’s attack and intrusion attempts
from the Internet. If the IDS function of the firewall is enabled, inbound packets are filtered and
blocked depending on whether they are detected as possible hacker attacks, intrusion attempts or
other connections that the router determines to be suspicious.
Max TCP Open Handshaking Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether a SYN Flood
attempt is occurring or not. Default value is 100 TCP SYN per seconds.
Max PING Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether an ICMP Echo Storm is occurring or
not. Default value is 15 ICMP Echo Requests (PING) per second.
Max ICMP Count: This is a threshold to decide whether an ICMP flood is occurring or not. Default
value is 100 ICMP packets per seconds except ICMP Echo Requests (PING).
Log: Select Enable for this option if you will like to capture the logs for this Packet filter policy.
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Block WAN Ping
This feature is to be enabled when you want the public WAN IP address on your router not to
respond to any ping command.
This feature is disabled by default. To activate the Block WAN PING feature, check the Enable box
then click the Apply button.
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URL Filter
The URL Filter is a powerful tool that can be used to limit access to certain URLs on the Internet.
You can block web sites based on keywords or even block out an entire domain. Certain web
features can also be blocked to grant added security to your network.
Keywords Filtering: Allow blocking against specific keywords within a particular URL rather than
having to specify a complete URL (e.g. to block any image called “advertisement.gif”). When
enabled, your specified keywords list will be checked to see if any keywords are present in URLs
accessed to determine if the connection attempt should be blocked. Please note that the URL filter
blocks web browser (HTTP) connection attempts using port 80 only.
Domains Filtering: This function checks the whole URL address but not the IP address against
your list of domains to block or allow. If it is matched, the URL request will either be sent (Trusted)
or dropped (Forbidden).
Restrict URL Features: Click Block Java Applet to filter web access with Java Applet
components. Click Block ActiveX to filter web access with ActiveX components. Click Block
Cookie to filter web access with Cookie components. Click Block Proxy to filter web proxy access.
Exception List: You can input a list of IP addresses as the exception list for URL filtering.
Time Schedule: A self defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section.
Log: Select Enable for this option if you will like to capture the logs for this URL filter policy.
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Keywords filtering
Click the checkbox to enable this feature. To edit the list of filtered keywords, click Details.
Enter a keyword to be filtered and click Apply. Your new keyword will be added to the filtered
keyword listing.
Domains Filtering
Click the top checkbox to enable this feature. To edit the list of filtered domains, click Details.
Enter a domain and select whether this domain is trusted or forbidden with the pull-down menu.
Next, click Apply. Your new domain will be added to either the Trusted Domain or Forbidden
Domain listing, depending on which you selected previously.
Except IP Address
You may also designate which IP addresses are to be excluded from these filters by adding them
to the Exception List. To do so, click Details.
Enter the except IP address. Click Add to save your changes. The IP address will be entered into
the Exception List, and excluded from the URL filtering rules in effect.
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VPN
Virtual Private Networks is ways to establish secured communication tunnels to an organization’s
network via the Internet. Your router supports the following: IPSec, GRE.
IPSec
Name: A given name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Local Network: Set the IP address or subnet of the local network.
Single Address: The IP address of the local host.
Subnet: The subnet of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.0 with Netmask
255.255.255.0 specifies one class C subnet starting from 192.168.1.1 (i.e.
192.168.1.1 through to 192.168.1.254).
Remote Secure Gateway: The IP address of the remote VPN device that is connected and
establishes a VPN tunnel.
Anonymous: Enable any IP to connect in
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Remote Network: Set the IP address or subnet of the remote network.
Single Address: The IP address of the remote host.
Subnet: The subnet of the remote network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.0 with Netmask
255.255.255.0 specifies one class C subnet starting from 192.168.1.1 (i.e.
192.168.1.1 through to 192.168.1.254).
Key Exchange Method: Displays key exchange method.
Pre-Shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128
characters. Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security
policy and authenticated keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec
traffic can be passed, each router must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done
by manually entering the pre-shared key into both sides (router or hosts).
Local ID Type and Remote ID Type: when the mode of phase 1 is aggressive, local and
Remote ports can be identified by other IDs.
ID content: Enter ID content the name you want to identify when the Local and Remote Type are
Domain Name; Enter ID content the email address you want to identify when the Local and
Remote type are Email; Enter ID content IPv4 address you want to identify when the Local and
Remote Type are IPv4 address.
Phase 1
Mode: Select IKE mode from the drop-down menu: Main or Aggressive. This IKE provides
secured key generation and key management.
Encryption Algorithm: Select the encryption algorithm from the drop-down menu. There are
several options: DES, 3DES and AES (128, 192 and 256). 3DES and AES are more powerful
but increase latency.
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an
encryption method.
AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits
as encryption method.
Integrity Algorithm: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is
not tampered with in transmit. There are 2 options: Message Digest 5 (MD5) and Secure Hash
Algorithm (SHA1). SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5. However, it is slower.
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
DH Group: It is a public-key cryptography protocol that allows two parties to establish a shared
secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the Internet). There are 8 modes.
MODP stands for Modular Exponentiation Groups.
SA Lifetime: Specify the number of minutes that a Security Association (SA) will stay active
before new encryption and authentication key will be exchanged. Enter a value to issue an initial
connection request for a new VPN tunnel. Default is 3600 seconds. A short SA time increases
security by forcing the two parties to update the keys. However, every time when the VPN
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tunnel re-negotiates, access through the tunnel will be temporarily disconnected.
Phase 2
Encryption Algorithm: Select the encryption algorithm from the drop-down menu. There are
several options: DES, 3DES and AES (128, 192 and 256). 3DES and AES are more powerful
but increase latency.
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an
encryption method.
AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits
as encryption method.
Integrity Algorithm: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is
not tampered with in transmit. There are 2 options: Message Digest 5 (MD5) and Secure Hash
Algorithm (SHA1). SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5. However, it is slower.
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
DH Group: It is a public-key cryptography protocol that allows two parties to establish a shared
secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the Internet). There are 8 modes.
MODP stands for Modular Exponentiation Groups.
IPSec Lifetime: Specify the number of minutes that IPSec will stay active before new
encryption and authentication key will be exchanged. Enter a value to negotiate and establish
secure authentication. Default is 3600 seconds. A short time increases security by forcing the
two parties to update the keys. However, every time when the VPN tunnel re- negotiates,
access through the tunnel will be temporarily disconnected.
DPD Setting
DPD Function: Check Enable to enable the function.
Detection Interval: The period cycle for dead peer detection. The interval can be 180~86400
seconds.
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the IPSec connection after trying several consecutive times.
Add: Click this button to add a new IPSec entry and the added entry will appear at the bottom
table.
Edit: Check Edit next to the item you wish to edit, and then change parameters as desired.
Complete it by press “Edit/Delete”.
Delete: Check Delete next to the item you wish to delete, and press “Edit/Delete” to remove this
entry.
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GRE
Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) is a tunneling protocol that can encapsulate a wide variety
of network layer protocol packet types inside IP tunnels, creating a virtual point-to-point link to
various brands of routers at remote points over an Internet Protocol (IP) internetwork.
Name: A given name for the connection.
WAN Port: You can choose Default, ADSL, 3G or EWAN.
Remote Gateway IP: The IP address of the remote VPN device that is connected and establishes
a VPN tunnel.
Remote Network: Set the IP address or subnet of the remote network.
IP Address: Enter the IP address of the remote network.
Netmask: Enter the netmask of the remote network.
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QoS - Quality of Service
QoS helps you to control the data upload traffic of each application from LAN (Ethernet and/or
Wireless) to WAN (Internet). It facilitates you the features to control the quality and speed of
throughput for each application when the system is running with full upstream load.
After clicking the QoS item, you can Add/Edit/Delete a QoS policy. This page will show the brief
information for policies you have added or edited. This page will also display the total available
(Non-assigned) bandwidth, in percentage, can be assigned.
Application: Assign a name that identifies the new QoS application rule.
Direction: Shows the direction mode of the QoS application.
Protocol: Select the supported protocol from the drop down list.
DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS byte.
DSCP Marking allows users to classify the traffic of the application to be executed according to the
DSCP value.
Rate Type: You can choose Limited or Guaranteed.
Ratio: The rate percent in contrast to that on WAN interface
Priority: The priority given to each policy/application. Its default setting is set to High. You may
adjust this setting to fit your policy / application.
Internal IP Address / External IP Address: This is used to classify the traffic of a specific range of
internal/external IP address(es). Input the range you want to classify. If only the first IP block is
filled, only that IP will be classified. If you leave these four fields empty, it means any classify IP
address.
Internal Port: This is the Port Range that defines the ports allowed by the Remote/WAN to
connect to the application. Default is set from range 1 ~ 65535. It is recommended that only
advance user is to configure this feature.
External Port: This is the Port Range that defines the port of the application.
Time Schedule: A self defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your QoS policy.
For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section.
Note: Make sure that the router(s) in the network backbone are capable to execute and check
the DSCP throughout the QoS network.
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Example 1: Optimize Your Home Network with QoS
If you are actively engaged in using P2P and are afraid of slowing down internet access throughput
of other users within your network, you can thus use QoS function to set different priorities for the
different applications that members of your network will be using to avoid bandwidth traffic from
getting overloaded.
Therefore, in order to assign the priority status of each application, we must first create a new QoS
rule for each application.
The figures below show the different settings for assigning a High Priority status to Web Browsing,
Email send & receive.
For Web Browsing
For Mail Sending
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For Mail Receiving
QoS Rules created
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Example 2: Optimize Your Home Network with QoS
If you are running a lot of standard applications you can just create a QoS rule that has its port
range set from 1 ~ 1024 and its priority set to High. This port range is defined in RFC and so it can
be used by all standard applications like FTP, Telnet, and HTTPS etc.
Example 3: Optimize Your Home Network with QoS
If you are only using a specific PC for the P2P application, you can create a rule that has a low
priority. In this way, P2P application will not congest the data transmission rate when there are
other applications present.
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Virtual Server
Virtual Server allows you to direct incoming traffic from WAN side (identified by Protocol and
External port) to the Internal server with private IP address on the LAN side. The Internal port is
required only if the external port needs to be converted to a different port number used by the
server on the LAN side.
The device can be configured as a virtual server so that remote users accessing services such as
Web or FTP services via the public (WAN) IP address can be automatically redirected to local
servers in the LAN network. Depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the
device redirects the external service request to the appropriate server within the LAN network.
In TCP and UDP networks a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which application program
(usually a server) incoming connections should be delivered to. Some ports have numbers that are
pre-assigned to them by the IANA (the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), and these are
referred to as “well-known ports”. Servers follow the well-known port assignments so clients can
locate them.
If you wish to run a server on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e. from other
machines on the Internet that are outside your local network), or any application that can accept
incoming connections (e.g. Peer-to-peer/P2P software such as instant messaging applications and
P2P file-sharing applications) and are using NAT (Network Address Translation), then you need to
configure your router to forward these incoming connection attempts using specific ports to the PC
on your network running the application. You also need to use port forwarding if you wish to host
an online game server.
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Example: List of some well-known and registered port numbers.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of
unique parameter values for Internet protocols. Port numbers range from 1 to 65535, but only ports
numbers 1 to 1023 are reserved for privileged services and are designated as “well-known ports”
(Please refer to Table below). The registered ports are numbered from 1024 through 49151. The
remaining ports, referred to as dynamic or private ports, are numbered from 49152 through 65535.
Examples of well-known and registered port numbers are shown below, for further information,
please see IANA’s website at: http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers.
For help on determining which private port numbers are used by common applications on this list,
please see the FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) at http://www.billion.com.
Well-known and Registered Ports
Port Number
20
21
22
23
25
53
69
80
110
119
123
Protocol
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP
UDP
Description
FTP Data
FTP Control
SSH Remote Login Protocol
TElnet
SMTP (simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
DNS (Domain Name Server)
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
World Wide Web HTTP
POP3 (Post Office Protocol version 3)
NEWS (Network News Transfer Protocol)
NTP (Network Time Protocol)
161
443
1503
1720
4000
7070
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP
UDP
SNMP
HTTPS
T.120
H.323
ICQ
Real Audio
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Port Mapping
Application: Select the service you wish to configure.
Protocol: A protocol is automatically applied when an Application is selected from the listbox or
you may select a protocol type which you want.
External Port & Internal Port: Enter the public port number & range you wish to configure.
Internal IP Address: Enter the IP address of a specific internal server to which requests from the
specified port is forwarded.
Add: Click to add a new virtual server rule. Click again and the next figure appears.
Edit: Check the Edit radio button to display the parameter of the selected application, then after
changing the parameters click the "Edit/Delete" button to apply the changes.
Delete: To remove a port mapping application, check the Delete box of the selected application
then click the "Edit/Delete" button.
Time Schedule: A self defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your port
mapping. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section.
Since NAT acts as a “natural” Internet firewall, your router protects your network from accessed by
outside users, as all incoming connection attempts point to your router unless you specifically
create Virtual Server entries to forward those ports to a PC on your network. When your router
needs to allow outside users to access internal servers, e.g. a web server, FTP server, Email
server or game server, the router can act as a “virtual server”. You can set up a local server with a
specific port number for the service to use, e.g. web/HTTP (port 80), FTP (port 21), Telnet (port23),
SMTP (port 25), or POP3 (port 110). When an incoming access request the router for a specified
port is received, it is forwarded to the corresponding internal server.
For example, if you set the port number 80 (Web/HTTP) to be mapped to the IP
Address192.168.1.2, then all incoming HTTP requests from outside users are forwarded to the
local server(PC) with the IP address of 192.168.1.2. If the port is not listed as a predefined
application, you need to add it manually.
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In addition to specifying the port number used, you also need to specify the protocol used. The
protocol is determined by a particular application. Most applications use TCP or UDP, however you
may also specify other protocols using the drop-down Protocol menu. Setting the protocol to “all”
causes all incoming connection attempts using all protocols on all port numbers to be forwarded to
the specified IP address.
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DMZ
The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular internal IP
address as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets that do not use a port number which is already
used by any other Virtual Server entries will first be checked by the Firewall and NAT algorithms
before it is passed to the DMZ host. When this is done, press Apply to save the changes.
ALG
The ALG Controls enable or disable protocols over application layer.
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Wake on LAN
This feature provides greater flexibility for users to turn on / boot the computer of the network from a
remotely site.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address of the target computer or you can select the MAC address
directly from the Select drop down menu on the right.
: You can select the MAC from this list.
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Certificate
This feature is used for TR069 ACS Server authentication of the device used certificate, if
necessary. If the imported certificate doesn't match the authorized certificate of the ACS Server, the
device will have no access to the server.
Trusted CA
Certificate Name: the certificate identification name.
Subject: the certificate subject.
Type: the certificate type information. "ca", indicates that the certificate is a CA-signed certificate.
"self", indicates that the certificate is a certificate owner signed one.
"x.509", indicates the certificate is the one created and signed according to the definition of PublicKey System suggested by x.509.
Action:
View: view the certificate.
Remove: remove the certificate.
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Click Import Certificate button to import your certificate.
Enter the certificate name and insert the certificate.
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Click Apply to confirm your settings.
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Time Schedule
The Time Schedule supports up to 16 time slots which helps you to manage your Internet connection.
In each time profile, you may schedule specific day(s) i.e. Monday through Sunday to restrict or allow
the use of the Internet by users or applications.
Time Schedule correlates closely with router time. Since router does not have a real time clock on
board, it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP
server. Refer to Time Zone for details. Your router time should correspond with your local time. If
the time is not set correctly, your Time Schedule will not function properly.
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Advanced
Configuration options within the Advanced section are for users who wish to take advantage of the
more advanced features of the router. Users who do not understand the features should not
attempt to reconfigure their router, unless advised to do so by support staff.
Here are the items within the Advanced section: Static Route, Static ARP, Dynamic DNS, VLAN,
Device Management, IGMP, TR-069 client and Remote Access.
Static Route
With static route feature, you are equipped with the capability to control the routing of the all the
traffic across your network. With each routing rule created, you can specifically assign the
destination where the traffic will be routed to.
Destination: Enter the destination IP where the traffic is to be forwarded.
Netmask: Enter the Netmask of the destination.
Gateway: Enter the gateway address for the traffic.
Interface: Select an appropriate interface for the new routing rule from the drop down menu.
Click Add to confirm the settings.
Edit: Check the Edit radio button to display the parameter of the selected application, then after
changing the parameters click the "Edit/Delete" button to apply the changes.
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Delete: To remove a static route entry, check the Delete box of the selected entry then click the
"Edit/Delete" button.
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Static ARP
This feature allows you to map the layer-2 MAC (Media Access Control) address that corresponds
to the layer-3 IP address of the device.
IP Address: Enter the IP of the device that the corresponding MAC address will be mapped to.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address that corresponds to the IP address of the device.
Click Add to confirm the settings.
Edit: Check the Edit radio button to display the parameter of the selected application, then after
changing the parameters click the "Edit/Delete" button to apply the changes.
Delete: To remove a static ARP entry, check the Delete box of the selected entry then click the
"Edit/Delete" button.
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Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS function lets you alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname, so if your
ISP does not assign you a static IP address you can still use a domain name. This is especially
useful when hosting servers via your ADSL connection, so that anyone wishing to connect to you
may use your domain name, rather than the dynamic IP address which is assigned to you by ISP.
You need to first register and establish an account with the Dynamic DNS provider using their
website, for example http://www.dyndns.org/.
Dynamic DNS: Default is disabled. Check Enable to enable the Dynamic DNS function and the
following fields will be activated and required.
Dynamic DNS Server: Select the DDNS service you have registered an account with.
Wildcard: When enabled, you allow the system to lookup on domain names that do not exist to
have MX records synthesized for them.
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Domain Name, Username and Password: Enter your registered domain name and your
username and password for this service.
Period: Enter the length of the period in the blank; you can set the period unit in day, hour or
minute.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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VLAN
VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) is a group of devices on different physical LAN segments that
can communicate with each other as if they were all on the same physical LAN segment.
Type: Select the VLAN type from the drop-down menu. There are two options: Tag Based and
Disable.
Then enter the parameters in the fields of the table.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Example: IPTV Service Setting
Go to Advanced mode > Configuration > WAN > WAN Profile. Add a new WAN profile using the
Pure Bridge protocol. Information should be provided by your local service provider.
Note: Description name should not contain any space.
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Then go to Advanced mode > Configuration > Advanced > VLAN. Then configure a port that will
use the IPTV application. The example below is a setting that illustrates that only Ethernet port #4
can connect to STB and use IPTV.
Note: The VLAN setting illustrated bridges both WAN Profile and the Ethernet Port 4 so that
the Ethernet port can connect to STB and get the IP directly from the IPTV Service Network.
Thus, Ethernet port 4 can no longer be used for internet access and WEB management.
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Device Management
The Device Management advanced configuration settings allow you to control your router’s
security options and device monitoring features.
Device Host Name
Host Name: Assign it a name.
HTTP Port: The default HTTP port number is 80, you can change it to another one.
(The Host Name cannot be used with one word only. There are two words should be
connected with a ‘.’ at least.
Example:
Host Name: homegateway ==> Incorrect
Host Name: home.gateway or my.home.gateway ==> Correct)
Expire to auto-logout: Specify a duration for the system to log the user out of the configuration
session automatically.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along with the
feature to control data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users running
NAT routers through UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems. By letting the application
control the required settings and removing the need for the user to control the advanced configuration
of their device will make tasks such as port forwarding become easier.
Both user’s Operating System and its relevant applications must support UPnP in addition to the
router. Windows XP and Windows Me have a native built-in support for UPnP (when the component
is installed). Windows 98 users may have to install the Internet Connection Sharing client from
Windows XP in order to support UpnP feature. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
Disable: Check to inactivate the router’s UPnP functionality.
Enable: Check to activate the router’s UPnP functionality.
UPnP Port: Default setting is 2800. It is highly recommended for users to use this port value.
If this value conflicts with other ports that have been used, you are allowed to change the port
number.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Installing UPnP in Windows Example
Follow the steps below to install the UPnP in Windows Me.
Step 1: Click Start and Control Panel. Double-click Add/Remove Programs.
Step 2: Click on the Windows Setup tab and select Communication in the Components selection
box. Click Details.
Step 3: In the Communications window, select the Universal Plug and Play check box in the
Components selection box.
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Step 4: Click OK to go back to the Add/Remove Programs Properties window. Click Next.
Step 5: Restart the computer when prompted.
Follow the steps below to install the UPnP in Windows XP.
Step 1: Click Start and Control Panel.
Step 2: Double-click Network Connections.
Step 3: In the Network Connections window, click Advanced in the main menu and select Optional
Networking Components ….
Step 4: When the Windows Optional Networking Components Wizard window appears, select
Networking Service in the Components selection box and click Details.
Step 5: In the Networking Services window, select the Universal Plug and Play check box.
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Step 6: Click OK to go back to the Windows Optional Networking Component Wizard window and
click Next.
Auto-discover Your UPnP-enabled Network Device
Step 1: Click start and Control Panel. Double-click Network Connections. An icon displays under
Internet Gateway.
Step 2: Right-click the icon and select Properties.
Step 3: In the Internet Connection Properties window, click Settings to see the port mappings that
were automatically created.
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Step 4: You may edit or delete the port mappings or click Add to manually add port mappings.
Step 5: Select Show icon in notification area when connected option and click OK. An icon
displays in the system tray.
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Step 6: Double-click on the icon to display your current Internet connection status.
Web Configurator Easy Access
With UPnP, you can access web-based configuration for the BiPAC 7800GZ(L) without first
finding out the IP address of the router. This helps if you do not know the router’s IP address.
Follow the steps below to access web configuration.
Step 1: Click Start and then Control Panel.
Step 2: Double-click Network Connections.
Step 3: Select My Network Places under Other Places.
Step 4: An icon describing each UPnP-enabled device shows under Local Network.
Step 5: Right-click on the icon of your BiPAC 7800GZ(L) and select Invoke. The web
configuration login screen displays.
Step 6: Right-click on the icon of your BiPAC 7800GZ(L) and select Properties. A properties
window displays basic information about the BiPAC 7800GZ(L).
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IGMP
IGMP, known as Internet Group Management Protocol, is used to manage hosts from multicast
group.
IGMP Proxy: IGMP proxy enables the system to issue IGMP host messages on behalf of the
hosts that the system has discovered through standard IGMP interfaces. The system acts as a
proxy for its hosts. Default is set to Disable.
IGMP Snooping: Allows a layer 2 switch to manage the transmission of any incoming IGMP
multicast packet groups between the host and the router. Default is set to Disable.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
Example:
When IGMP snooping is enabled, the feature will analyze all incoming IGMP packets between the
hosts that are connected to the switch and the multicast routers in the network. When the layer 2
switch receives an IGMP report from a host requesting for a given multicast group, the switch will
add the host's port number to the multicast list for that multicast group to be forwarded to. And,
when the layer 2 switch has detected that an IGMP has left, it will remove the host's port from the
table entry.
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TR-069 Client
Please contact your ISP for the information of TR069.
Inform: You may enable or disable the periodic inform feature.
Inform Interval: Enter the length of the periodic inform interval (unit: seconds).
ACS URL: Enter the ACS URL address.
ACS Username: Enter the ACS server login name.
ACS Password: Enter the ACS server login password.
Connection Request Authentication: Check to enable connection request authentication
feature.
Connection Request Username: Enter the username for ACS server to make connection
request.
Connection Request Password: Enter the password for ACS server to make connection request.
GetRPCMethods: Detect the types of methods that ACS supports and is in communication with.
Click Apply to confirm the settings.
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Remote Access
Remote Access Control: Select Enable to allow management access from remote side (mostly
from internet).
"Allowed Access IP Address Range" was used to restrict which IP address could login to access
system web GUI.
Valid: means to enable the IP address Range limitation.
IP Address Range: specify the IP address Range.
Click Apply to confirm Remote Access Control setting.
Click Add to add an IP Range to allow remote access.
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Save Configuration to Flash
After changing the router’s configuration settings, you must save all of the configuration
parameters to FLASH to avoid losing them after turning off or resetting your router. Click “Save
Config“ and click “Apply” to write your new configuration to FLASH.
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Restart
Click “Restart” with option Current Settings to reboot your router (and restore your last saved
configuration).
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a firmware
upgrade or if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default Settings to reset to
factory default settings.
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Logout
To exit the router web interface, choose Logout. Please save your configuration setting before
logging out of the system.
Be aware that the router configuration interface can only be accessed by one PC at a time.
Therefore when a PC has logged into the system interface, the other users cannot access the
system interface until the current user has logged out of the system. If the previous user forgets to
logout, the second PC can only access the router web interface after a user-defined auto logout
period which is by default 3 minutes. You can however modify the value of the auto logout period
using the Advanced > Device Management section of the router web interface. Please see the
Advanced section of this manual for more information.
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Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
If your router is not functioning properly, please refer to the suggested solutions provided in this
chapter. If your problems persist or the suggested solutions do not meet your needs, please kindly
contact your service provider or Billion for support.
Problems with the router
Problem
Suggested Action
Check the connection between the router and the
adapter. If the problem persists, most likely it is due
to the malfunction of your hardware. Please contact
your service provider or Billion for technical support.
You have forgotten your login username Try the default username "admin" and password
or password
"admin". If this fails, you can restore your router to
its factory settings by holding the Reset button on
the back of your router more than 6 seconds.
None of the LEDs lit when the router is
turned on
Problems with WAN interface
Problem
Suggested Action
Frequent loss of ADSL linesync
(disconnections)
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same
telephone line as your router (e.g. telephones, fax
machines, analogue modems) have a line filter
connected between them and the wall socket (unless
you are using a Central Splitter or Central Filter
installed by a qualified and licensed electrician), and
ensure that all line filters are correctly installed and the
right way around. Missing line filters or line filters
installed the wrong way around can cause problems
with your ADSL connection, including causing frequent
disconnections. If you have a back-to-base alarm
system you should contact your security provider for a
technician to make any necessary changes.
Either 3G or wireless performance is
limited
Make sure you install the right antennae on the right
jacks as mentioned in the package contents, hardware
overview and hardware installation. If it remains occur,
please refer to User manual or consult your service
provider.
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Problem with LAN interface
Problem
Cannot PING any PC on LAN
Suggested Action
Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel.
The LED should be on for the port that has a PC
connected. If it does not lit, check to see if the cable
between your router and the PC is properly
connected. Make sure you have first uninstalled
your firewall program before troubleshooting.
Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are
consistent for both the router and the workstations.
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Appendix: Product Support & Contact
If you come across any problems please contact the dealer from where you purchased your
product.
Contact Billion
Worldwide:
http://www.billion.com
MAC OS is a registered Trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Windows 7/98, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows Me, Windows XP and Windows Vista are registered
Trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
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