0 im-6842 manual.book

0 im-6842 manual.book
Circularly Polarized FM
Broadcast Antenna
Model 6842
Instruction Manual
Installation, Operation, &
Maintenance
Congratulations!
Thank you for purchasing one of the finest FM broadcast antennas on the
market today. The Shively Labs 6842 is the top-of-the-line in its class for its
simplicity, superior performance and durability.
Your purchase is backed by the best technical support in the industry. Shively
is a leading manufacturer in the broadcast industry, providing an extensive
range of antennas, transmission line and components. Our technical staff has
a wealth of experience in the broadcast industry and is standing by to serve
you in any way.
This manual is intended to give you a good basic understanding of your
antenna: its proper and safe installation, startup, and operation, and troubleshooting and maintenance information to keep it working satisfactorily for
years to come. Please have everyone involved with the antenna read this
manual carefully, and keep it handy for future reference.
Meanwhile, please feel free to contact your sales representative at Shively
Labs at any time if you need information or help. Call or write:
Publication No. im-6842 (160511)
IMPORTANT
Please read this manual in its entirety before beginning
installation of your antenna!
Failure to follow the installation and operation
instructions in this manual could lead to failure of your
equipment and might even void your warranty!
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Preparation ........................................................................ 1
Check the shipment............................................................................... 1
Torque specifications............................................................................. 1
Table 1 Torque specifications .......................................................... 1
Check the parts..................................................................................... 1
Set up the mounting pole. ..................................................................... 1
Select the applicable bay assembly chapter ............................................. 2
Table 2 Bay assembly chapter ......................................................... 2
Figure 1 Tower layout, single-bay antenna ....................................... 3
Figure 2 Tower layout, two-bay antenna .......................................... 4
Figure 3 Tower layout, three-bay antenna........................................ 5
Figure 4 Tower layout, four-, five-, six-, or eight- bay antenna .......... 6
Figure 5 Top mounted installation.................................................... 7
Chapter 2 Bay Assembly (single bay)................................................. 9
Attach the bay arms. ............................................................................. 9
Figure 6 Arm attachment, single-bay ............................................... 9
Attach the feedstrap.............................................................................. 9
Figure 7 Attaching the feedstrap single bay .................................... 10
Chapter 3 Bay Assembly (2 to 8 bays) .............................................13
Attach the bay arms. ........................................................................... 13
Figure 8 Arm attachment .............................................................. 13
Attach the feedstrap............................................................................ 13
Figure 9 Attaching the feedstrap.................................................... 14
Chapter 4 Endseal Radome Installation...........................................17
Install the radome............................................................................... 17
Figure 10 Installing the endseal radome......................................... 17
Chapter 5 Mounting the Antenna Bay(s)..........................................19
Mount the antenna bays. ..................................................................... 19
Figure 11 Bay mounting on pole .................................................... 19
Chapter 6 Connecting the Antenna (single-bay)..............................21
Connect the antenna bay..................................................................... 21
Figure 12 Single bay antenna connection ....................................... 21
Chapter 7 Connecting the Antenna (2-bay) .....................................23
Mount the power divider...................................................................... 23
Connect the antenna cables. ................................................................ 23
Install the optional fine-matching transformer (if applicable) .................. 23
Figure 13 Fine-matching transformers, 1-5/8" & 3-1/8" EIA ............. 24
Figure 14 Bay cable connection ..................................................... 25
Connect the tower transmission line. .................................................... 25
Figure 15 Two-way power divider, mounted and connected............. 26
i
Table of Contents
Chapter 8 Connecting the Antenna (3-bay to 8-bay).......................29
Mount the power divider...................................................................... 29
Install the optional fine-matching transformer (if applicable) .................. 29
Figure 16 Fine-matching transformers, 1-5/8" & 3-1/8" EIA ............. 30
Connect the antenna cables. ................................................................ 30
Figure 17 Bay cable connection ..................................................... 31
Connect the tower transmission line. .................................................... 31
Figure 18 Power divider, mounted and connected........................... 33
Chapter 9 Startup.............................................................................35
Before beginning initial characterization:............................................... 35
Read transmission line VSWR. .............................................................. 35
Read transmission line TDR. ................................................................ 35
Read system VSWR. ............................................................................ 35
Trim impedance. ................................................................................. 36
Figure 19 Impedance-matching transformer ................................... 36
Before beginning checkout: ................................................................. 37
Check out. .......................................................................................... 37
Operate.............................................................................................. 37
Figure 20 Apply the signal............................................................. 38
Chapter 10 Maintenance ..................................................................39
Log .................................................................................................... 39
Inspection .......................................................................................... 39
Paint .................................................................................................. 39
Return policy ...................................................................................... 39
Troubleshooting .................................................................................. 39
Broad spectrum RF noise. .............................................................. 39
High VSWR ................................................................................... 39
Change in coverage....................................................................... 39
Chapter 11 Parts ..............................................................................41
Parts list. ............................................................................................ 41
Table 3 Components, 6842 Bay (per antenna bay) ......................... 41
Table 4 Kit, Endseal Radome (per antenna bay) ............................ 41
Figure 21 Components, 6842 Bay Without Endseal Radome ............ 42
Table 5 Components, Feed System for 2-Bay Antenna (per array) ... 42
Table 6 Components, Feed System for 3- to 8-Bay Antenna (per array)
43
Table 7 Accessories and Optional Items for 2-Bay to 8-Bay Antenna 44
Appendix A Selected Assembly Drawings ........................................45
Figure A-1.
Figure A-2.
Figure A-3.
Figure A-4.
22° Feed Strap with Endseal Radome & Deicer.............. 46
6842 Exploded View with Endseal Radome.................... 47
Bay Arm Stickers ......................................................... 48
Power Divider Mount Detail.......................................... 49
ii
Preparation
1
Check the shipment.
Preparation
As soon as you receive your antenna, BEFORE signing for the shipment:
a. Check to be sure all the material has arrived.
b. Check for evident damage to any of the boxes.
c. If any boxes are missing, or if any are obviously damaged, describe the
problem in a WRITTEN note on the shipping papers BEFORE signing them.
Then call Shively right away, and we’ll do everything we can to correct the
situation.
Important!
Never store the antenna system outdoors, boxed or otherwise. Take
pains to keep the antenna components dry. You will need to purge moisture from the interior of the antenna components if they get wet.
Torque specifications.
NOTE
Use an anti-seize compound to minimize galling on stainless steel
threads.
Table 1. Torque specifications
Hardware size
Check the parts.
Torque (dry)
Torque (lubricated)
1/4-20 stainless
(flange hardware)
n/a
63.9 in-lb
M6 stainless
n/a
8.2 in-lb
3/8-16 stainless
n/a
201 in-lb
1/2-13 galvanized steel
threaded rod (Grade 5)
94 ft-lb
n/a
1/2-13 galvanized steel
bolt (Grade 2)
61 ft-lb
n/a
Check to be sure all the parts shown in Table 3 on page 41, Table 4 on
page 41, Table 5 on page 42, and Table 6 on page 43, as applicable, have
arrived in good condition.
NOTE
Item callouts are consistent across all the illustrations in this technical
sheet.
Set up the mounting
pole.
Remember!
It is YOUR responsibility to ensure that your installation meets all applicable codes and the centerline-of-radiation requirements of your FCC
construction permit.
CAUTION
Before attaching the pole mounts to the tower, scrape away tower paint
to ensure good electrical contact. If you don’t, the antenna may generate unwanted electrical signals, and performance may be degraded.
1
Preparation
a. Set up a outrigged round pole or pipe, 3" to 5-1/4" in diameter, 15" from the
tower face or leg. See Figure 1 through Figure 5, as applicable, for mounting
pole length requirements.
CAUTION
Watch for tower components that might interfere with your installation.
b. Mark the mounting pole at the locations where the antenna bays will be
mounted, in accordance with the installation drawing. The bay spacing is
critical.
Select the applicable
bay assembly chapter
Bay assembly varies a little depending on the number of bays and whether or
not your antenna includes radomes. Select the appropriate bay assembly
chapter:
Table 2. Bay assembly chapter
Your antenna array
Bay assembly chapter
Single bay
Chapter 2
Two - eight bays
Chapter 3
When your bay(s) are assembled, proceed to Chapter 5 to continue the installation process.
2
Preparation
Figure 1. Tower layout, singlebay antenna
Side mounted antenna
3
Preparation
Figure 2. Tower layout, two-bay
antenna
Side mounted antenna
Typical "full wave" spaced system shown.
"Half-wave" spaced antenna bayto-bay spacing is 60" (1.5 m).
4
Preparation
Figure 3. Tower layout, threebay antenna
Side mounted antenna
Typical "full wave" spaced system shown.
"Half-wave" spaced antenna
bay-to-bay spacing is 60" (1.5
m).
5
Preparation
Figure 4. Tower layout, four-,
five-, six-, or eight- bay antenna
Side mounted antenna
Typical full wave spaced system
shown.
Half-waved spaced antenna bayto-bay spacing = 60" (1.5 m).
6
Preparation
Figure 5. Top mounted
installation
7
Bay Assembly (single bay)
2
Attach the bay arms.
Bay Assembly (single bay)
a. Using 1/4-20 x 1-3/4" hardware (Figure 6, 2, 3, and 4), attach the four
antenna arms (5) to the innermost pair of holes on the boom (1) mounting
stubs.
b. Tighten the hardware before continuing.
Figure 6. Arm attachment,
single-bay
Attach the feedstrap.
a. Remove the bolt and washers (Figure 7, 6, 4, and 7) from the center of the
endseal (the white plastic dome on the antenna mast).
b. Using the endseal hardware you removed above, attach the center hole of
the feedstrap (8) to the endseal, but do not tighten it fully yet.
c. Using the 1/4-20 x 1-3/4" hardware (2, 3, and 4), attach the feedstrap ends
to the inside of the antenna arms as shown in Figure 7. Tighten to 7 ft-lb.
NOTE
The feedstrap should cross the antenna mast at an angle of approximately 68°, as shown.
Important!
Do NOT twist the feedstrap with the endseal nut tightened. You may
damage internal components.
d. For antennas without radomes, grasp the flat sections near the center of the
feedstrap, and twist it in a flat plane until the center section rests (the ends
of the feedstrap will twist, as shown in Figure 7 - and it will spring back
somewhat) crossing the antenna mast at a 84° - 90° angle.
9
Bay Assembly (single bay)
Figure 7. Attaching the feedstrap
single bay
NOTE
Only antennas without radomes require this additional twist step.
10
Bay Assembly (single bay)
CAUTION
Tighten the endseal hardware only until the lock washer flattens. Do not
overtighten.
e. Tighten the endseal hardware.
11
Bay Assembly (2 to 8 bays)
3
Attach the bay arms.
Bay Assembly (2 to 8 bays)
a. Using 1/4-20 x 1-3/4" hardware (Figure 8, 2, 3, and 4), attach the four
antenna arms (5) to the outermost pair of holes on the boom (1) mounting
stubs.
b. Tighten the hardware before continuing.
Figure 8. Arm attachment
Attach the feedstrap.
a. Remove the bolt and washers (Figure 9, 6, 4, and 7) from the center of the
endseal (the white plastic dome on the antenna mast).
b. Using the endseal hardware you removed above, attach the center hole of
the feedstrap (8) to the endseal, but do not tighten it fully yet.
c. Using the 1/4-20 x 1-3/4" hardware (2, 3, and 4), attach the feedstrap ends
to the inside of the antenna arms as shown. Tighten to 7 ft-lb.
NOTE
The feedstrap should cross the antenna mast at an angle of approximately 22° from perpendicular, as shown.
Important!
Do NOT twist the feedstrap with the endseal nut tightened. You may
damage internal components.
d. For antennas without radomes, grasp the flat sections near the center of the
feedstrap, and twist it in a flat plane until the center section rests (the ends
of the feedstrap will twist, as shown in Figure 9 - and it will spring back
somewhat) crossing the antenna mast at a 84° - 90° angle.
13
Bay Assembly (2 to 8 bays)
Figure 9. Attaching the feedstrap
NOTE
Only antennas without
radomes require this
additional twist step.
14
Bay Assembly (2 to 8 bays)
CAUTION
Tighten the endseal hardware only until the lock washer flattens. Do not
overtighten.
e. Tighten the endseal hardware.
15
Endseal Radome Installation
4
Install the radome.
Endseal Radome Installation
a. Using 1/4-20 x 2-1/4" hardware (Figure 10, 14 & 15, assemble the radome
support disc halves (16 & 17) around the base and up against the shoulder
of the endseal.
b. Using 1/4-20 x 1" hardware (18, 19 & 15), secure the radome fillers (20) to
the edges of the support disc halves, aligning them with the antenna
feedstrap.
Figure 10. Installing the endseal
radome
17
Endseal Radome Installation
c. Aligning its side slots with the notches in the fillers, slip the radome (21) over
the fillers and onto the support disc. Secure it in place using the 1/4-20 x
3/4" hardware (22, 19 & 15).
d. Seal the gaps around the fillers, using a room-temperature-vulcanizing (RTV)
compound.
18
Mounting the Antenna Bay(s)
5
Mount the antenna
bays.
Mounting the Antenna Bay(s)
WARNING
Whenever a rigger is on the tower in the area of the antenna, shut off
the signal and lock it off so that it cannot be turned on accidentally. RF
emissions at close range are hazardous.
CAUTION
Do not attach the bays together with the RF cable before mounting
them. NEVER try to support the bays from the cable.
a. Using the galvanized 5/8" hardware (Figure 11, 9, 10, and 11), attach the
threaded rods (12) to the boom (1) brackets.
NOTE
Mount antenna bays with feed straps up, clear of all guylines and other
obstructions.
b. Using the galvanized 5/8" hardware, attach the clamp halves (13) to the
threaded rods (12), encircling the mounting pole as shown. Do not tighten
the hardware fully yet.
c. Repeat for the other antenna bay(s) as applicable.
d. Ensure the bays are located on the mounting pole at the locations you
marked.
e. Align the bays to the correct azimuth and vertically with each other, then
tighten the mounting hardware to 37 ft-lb.
NOTE
The Model 6842-1 does not require pressurization or purging. The feed
system up to the bay may be pressurized.
Please proceed to Connecting the Antenna (single-bay) on page 21,
Connecting the Antenna (2-bay) on page 23, or Connecting the Antenna
(3-bay to 8-bay) on page 29 as applicable.
Figure 11. Bay mounting on pole
19
Connecting the Antenna (single-bay)
6
Connect the antenna
bay.
Connecting the Antenna (single-bay)
a. Provide a gas stop between the tower transmission line and the antenna
input if necessary. The antenna bay is not pressurized. The feed system up
to the bay may be pressurized.
CAUTION
All O-rings are made of silicone. Do not lubricate them with silicone
grease, as this will soften the O-ring. Use only a light lubricating coat of
O-Lube (provided) or petroleum jelly; too much may hamper electrical
contact and contaminate the interior of the system.
Be sure the O-ring is properly seated in its groove and not pinched
between the flange contact surfaces.
b. Coat the flange O-ring (Figure 12, 23) lightly with O-Lube, then install it in
the O-ring groove in the flange.
c. Before connecting the cable to the radiator, make sure an inner conductor
connector is in place in the inner conductor of the input flange.
Figure 12. Single bay antenna
connection
21
Connecting the Antenna (single-bay)
d. Using the M6 metric nuts (provided with the bay), connect the tower
transmission cable to the antenna bay input (Figure 12). Be sure the
connection is tight.
e. Loop or drape any excess cable and secure it to the pole, using tie-wraps
(24) or customer-supplied clamps, to prevent wind damage to the cables and
to ensure the weight of the cable is not carried by the antenna input.
NOTE
The Model 6842 bay does not require pressurization or purging.
Installation of your Model 6842 single-bay is now complete. Please proceed to
Startup on page 35.
22
Connecting the Antenna (2-bay)
7
Mount the power
divider.
Connect the antenna
cables.
Connecting the Antenna (2-bay)
a. Using two power divider mount kits (Figure 15, 25), mount the two-way
power divider (26) to the mounting structure, with its outlet ports roughly
halfway along the antenna array. Locate the mounts as close to the ends of
the power divider as you can.
CAUTION
All O-rings are made of silicone. Do not lubricate them with silicone
grease, as this will soften the O-ring. Use only a light lubricating coat of
O-Lube (provided) or petroleum jelly; too much may hamper electrical
contact and contaminate the interior of the system.
Be sure the O-ring is properly seated in its groove and not pinched
between the flange contact surfaces.
a. Coat each O-ring (Figure 14, 23) lightly with O-Lube (supplied with the
antenna), then install it in the O-ring groove in the flange.
b. Before connecting each flange, make sure an inner conductor connector is
in place in the inner conductor of the flange.
CAUTION
Do not overtighten the flange nuts. Overtightening may damage them.
c. Using the 7/8" EIA flange hardware kits (Figure 15, 27), connect the
unlabeled input ends of the antenna bay cables (28) to the power divider
outputs. Tighten flange nuts evenly in accordance with Table 1 on page 1.
CAUTION
Stressing a coax connection after assembly can detune the system.
Therefore, never make a connection and then bend or twist the cable, or
use the flange to force the coax into shape. Form the cable first, then
attach it to the flange.
CAUTION
The minimum bending radius for 1/2" coax is 10" (0.25 m). Do not bend
it too tightly; you may damage it.
d. Using the M6 metric nuts (provided with the bay), connect the output ends
(labeled "Gas Block Termination") of the antenna bay cables to the antenna
bay input flanges.
e. Secure the cables to the mounting pole or tower leg, using tie-wraps (24) or
customer-supplied cable clamps.
Install the optional
fine-matching
transformer (if
applicable)
One of the unique features of Shively Labs antenna systems is the adjustable
impedance-matching transformer (Figure 13, 53 or 54) available with the
antenna. It allows the installer to compensate for changes in the input impedance caused by the installation (tower, conduit, ladder, etc.).
NOTE
The transformer may be oriented in whichever direction you wish (see
Figure 13). Make it easy for yourself to reach for adjustment at startup.
Install the transformer at your antenna array input. This will be at the input
flange of the power divider (26). Transformer mounts are generally similar to
feedline mounts and should be installed in the same manner.
23
Connecting the Antenna (2-bay)
Figure 13. Fine-matching
transformers, 1-5/8" & 3-1/8"
EIA
24
Connecting the Antenna (2-bay)
Figure 14. Bay cable connection
Connect the tower
transmission line.
a. Provide a gas stop between the tower transmission line and the power
divider (or transformer) if necessary. The antennas bays are not pressurized.
The feed system up to the power divider may be pressurized.
b. Using an lightly lubricated O-ring (29) and the 1-5/8" EIA flange hardware
kit (30), attach the tower transmission cable to the power divider (or
transformer) input. Tighten in accordance with Table 1 on page 1.
c. Secure all the cables to the mounting pole or tower leg, using tie-wraps (24)
or customer-supplied cable clamps.
d. Loop or drape any excess cable and tie-wrap it to the pole, to prevent wind
damage to the cables and to ensure the weight of the cable is not carried by
the antenna input.
25
Connecting the Antenna (2-bay)
Figure 15. Two-way power
divider, mounted and connected
26
Connecting the Antenna (2-bay)
NOTE
The Model 6842 antenna does not require pressurization or purging. The
feed system up to the power divider may be pressurized.
Installation of your Model 6842 2-bay is now complete. Please proceed to
Startup on page 35.
27
Connecting the Antenna (3-bay to 8-bay)
8
Mount the power
divider.
Connecting the Antenna (3-bay to 8-bay)
a. Assemble the power divider mounts (Figure 18, 31):
(1) Using 1/2" stainless hardware (32 and 33), attach the threaded rods
(34) to the mount channel (35).
(2) Using 1/2" SS hardware (32, 33, and 36), attach the clamp half (37)
loosely to the threaded rods.
(3) Using 1/2" SS hardware (38, 32, 33, and 36) and the spacer (39), attach
the saddle assembly (40) to the mount base.
(4) Repeat for the other mount assembly.
b. Using the hose clamps (41), attach the mounts to the three-way (42), fourway (43), five-way (44), six-way (45), or eight-way (46) power divider.
Locate the mounts as close to the ends of the power divider as you can.
c. Mount the power divider to the mounting pole, with its outlet ports roughly
halfway along the antenna array. Secure it using the clamp halves (37) to
encircle the mounting pole as shown.
Install the optional
fine-matching
transformer (if
applicable)
One of the unique features of Shively Labs antenna systems is the adjustable
impedance-matching transformer (Figure 16, 53 or 54) optionally available
with the antenna. It allows the installer to compensate for changes in the
input impedance caused by the installation (tower, conduit, ladder, etc.).
NOTE
The transformer may be oriented in whichever direction you wish (see
Figure 16). Make it easy for yourself to reach for adjustment at startup.
Install the transformer at your antenna array input. This will be at the input
flange of the power divider (42, 43, 44, 45, or 46). Transformer mounts are
generally similar to feedline mounts and should be installed in the same manner.
29
Connecting the Antenna (3-bay to 8-bay)
Figure 16. Fine-matching
transformers, 1-5/8" & 3-1/8"
EIA
Connect the antenna
cables.
CAUTION
All O-rings are made of silicone. Do not lubricate them with silicone
grease, as this will soften the O-ring. Use only a light lubricating coat of
O-Lube (provided) or petroleum jelly; too much may hamper electrical
contact and contaminate the interior of the system.
Be sure the O-ring is properly seated in its groove and not pinched
between the flange contact surfaces.
a. Coat each O-ring (47) lightly with O-Lube (supplied with the antenna), then
install it in the O-ring groove in the flange.
b. Before connecting each flange, make sure an inner conductor connector is
in place in the inner conductor of the flange.
CAUTION
Do not overtighten the flange nuts. Overtightening may damage them.
c. Using the 7/8" EIA flange hardware kits (48), connect the unlabeled input
ends of the antenna bay cables (49) to the power divider outputs. Tighten
flange nuts in accordance with Table 1 on page 1.
30
Connecting the Antenna (3-bay to 8-bay)
CAUTION
Stressing a coax connection after assembly can detune the system.
Therefore, never make a connection and then bend or twist the cable, or
use the connector to force the coax into shape. Form the cable first,
then attach it to the connector.
3-1/8" four-way power
divider shown. 5-way,
6-way, 7-way, and 8-way
power dividers are similar.
CAUTION
The minimum single bending radius for HCA78-50J coax is 4" (100 mm)
The repeated bending radius is 10" (250 mm). Do not bend it too tightly;
you may damage it.
d. Using the M6 metric nuts (provided with the bay), connect the output ends
(labeled "Gas Block Termination") of the antenna bay cables to the antenna
bay input flanges.
e. Secure the cables to the mounting pole or tower leg, using tie-wraps (50) or
customer-supplied cable clamps.
Figure 17. Bay cable connection
Connect the tower
transmission line.
a. Provide a gas stop between the tower transmission line and the power
divider (or transformer) if necessary. The antenna bays are not pressurized.
The feed system up to the power divider may be pressurized.
b. Coat the O-ring (51) lightly with O-Lube (supplied with the antenna), then
install it in the O-ring groove in the flange.
c. Using the 3-1/8" EIA flange hardware kit (52), attach the tower transmission
cable to the power divider (or transformer) input. Tighten in accordance with
Table 1 on page 1.
31
d. Secure the cables to the mounting pole or tower leg, using tie-wraps or
customer-supplied cable clamps.
e. Loop or drape any excess cable and tie-wrap it to the pole, to prevent wind
damage to the cables and to ensure the weight of the cable is not carried by
the antenna input.
NOTE
The Model 6842 antenna does not require pressurization or purging. The
feed system up to the power divider may be pressurized.
Installation of your Model 6842 3- to 8-bay is now complete. Please proceed
to Startup on page 35.
Connecting the Antenna (3-bay to 8-bay)
Figure 18. Power divider,
mounted and connected
33
Startup
9
Before beginning initial
characterization:
Startup
We strongly recommend initial characterization as the best way to identify
both initial problems and possible future system damage.
Important
In the days before the hazards of intense RF power were realized, it was
common practice to have a technician climb the tower and adjust the
impedance match using the transmitter as a signal source and reading
the VSWR or return power on the transmitter. This practice MUST NOT
be used, as few transmitters can be operated at a low enough power
level to avoid exposing the rigger to an unsafe RF level. For reference,
see 29 CFR, Section 1910.97, the OSHA standard for exposure to nonionizing radiation.
To test and adjust VSWR safely, use low-power test equipment, such as
a network analyzer. If you don't have access to low-power test equipment, please call Shively Labs before proceeding.
WARNING
Whenever a rigger is on the tower in the area of the antenna, shut off
the transmitter signal and lock and tag it out so that it cannot be turned
on accidentally.
Low-power test equipment should be used to prevent excessive radiation exposure to the person doing the adjusting.
A high transmission line VSWR may indicate damaged transmission line and is
likely to cause problems in the future, including serious damage to your equipment.
Read transmission line
VSWR.
The first step is to characterize the transmission line by itself
a. Briefly disconnect the transmission line from the antenna system input. Seal
the antenna system input to prevent the entry of moisture.
b. Terminate the coax transmission line in an instrument-quality 50-ohm load.
c. Measure and record the voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) across the
operating band. File this information with this manual for future reference.
d. The VSWR of the transmission line should be within the manufacturer's
specifications. If it is, proceed. If not, you should call the manufacturer
before connecting the antenna. Problems must be worked out with the
design engineer on a case-by-case basis.
Read transmission line
TDR.
With the transmission line still terminated in 50 ohms, make a time domain
reflectometer (TDR) plot. Label and file the plot with this manual.
Read system VSWR.
You tested the VSWR of the transmission line alone. Now test the VSWR of the
system as a whole.
a. Remove the load and connect the transmission line to the antenna system
input.
b. Measure VSWR. VSWR at this point should be around 1.3 : 1 or better. If it
is not, check to be sure all the radiators are functioning (below).
35
Startup
c. Record the reading and file it with this manual.
Trim impedance.
If your antenna is equipped with the optional Shively fine-matching transformer, adjust the transformer (Figure 19) as follows:
a. Loosen the hose clamps on the tuning stubs enough to allow the stubs to
move.
b. Grasp one of the tuning stubs and slide it in or out about 1/4 inch or 6
millimeters. It will move stiffly because of O-ring friction.
Figure 19. Impedance-matching
transformer
c. Read the VSWR. If the reading went down, move the control rod again in the
same direction. If the VSWR went up, move the same rod in the opposite
direction. Repeat until no further improvement is seen.
d. Adjust the second and third tuning stubs in the same manner.
NOTE
If you get "lost," return all three tuning stubs to the factory setting (all
the way out) and start over.
e. Return to the first tuning stub, and so forth, until you have the lowest
possible VSWR or return power reading. This is the optimal transformer
setting at this frequency.
f. VSWR for each frequency at this point should be below 1.2 : 1. If it is not,
call Shively Labs to help identify the problem.
36
Startup
g. When you have set the transformer, use a sharp point to scribe the shaft of
each control rod where it leaves the flange collar. Record the settings of the
control rods and file this information with this manual for future reference.
h. Tighten the hose clamps. If the clamps are left loose, vibration may change
the adjustments.
Before beginning
checkout:
Before beginning checkout of the antenna system, be sure the following items
have been done:
• The antenna system has been installed in accordance with this
manual and the installation drawing.
• All radiators are operating and VSWR is within specification.
• The initial characterization data have been recorded.
• The system is gas-tight, purged, and pressurized.
Check out.
Check the system out as follows:
a. Bring up RF power slowly and observe transmitter readings, stability, and
general operation.
b. Run at about half power for at least an hour, reading forward and reflected
power, stability, etc.
c. If the system is stable and seems to be operating properly, bring it up to full
power. Take initial readings, and repeat the readings periodically.
Performance readings should not change, and there should be no evidence of
abnormal heating in the antenna system.
If any problem is found, fix it now. Call Shively Labs if you need help or
advice.
Operate.
Once the antenna has been installed and VSWR has been optimized, simply
apply the transmitter signal. Don’t exceed the rated power of the antenna.
37
Startup
Figure 20. Apply the signal.
38
Maintenance
10
Maintenance
WARNING
Whenever a rigger is on the tower in the area of the antenna, shut off
the signal and lock it off so that it cannot be turned on accidentally. RF
emissions at close range are hazardous.
Log
We recommend that you keep a log of VSWR readings and any other performance notes and maintenance history for your antenna. Such a record can be
invaluable for troubleshooting.
Inspection
Whenever a rigger is on the tower for any reason, it is a good idea to have
him check your antenna for general condition, looseness of connectors and
mounts, and electrical damage.
Paint
The radiator should never be painted; this will affect the VSWR.
Return policy
When returning any material to the factory, be sure to call your salesperson
and obtain an returned materials authorization (RMA) number first. Material
may be refused and sent back to you at your expense if you don’t do this.
Troubleshooting
Broad spectrum RF noise.
This indicates that some component is not in good electrical contact with the
tower. Make sure mounts are tight, that tower paint has been removed from
under the mounts, and that components of other systems are likewise in good
contact with the tower.
High VSWR
This is caused by any factor that changes the impedance match between the
antenna and the transmitter. Look for:
• Defective RF connector. Make sure connectors are in good shape,
and that center pins are not bent over.
• Damage to any antenna components.
• Paint on radiators.
• Ice buildup on radiators.
• Interference from other tower components, especially components
broken by wind or ice.
Change in coverage
This may be caused by the same factors that can cause high VSWR. Look for
VSWR changes as well.
Do recognize, however, that apparent changes in coverage may be due to subjective factors or faults of the receiving equipment. Before doing more than
checking the VSWR, be sure that an actual coverage change has occurred.
39
Parts
11
Parts
Parts list.
NOTE
Item numbers are consistent across all the illustrations in this technical manual, with the exception of the
assembly drawings in Appendix A.
Table 3. Components, 6842 Bay (per antenna bay)
Part Number
Description
Qty.
1. 99718-G504
Boom assembly with arms & mounts
1
2. 01/4-20SS028HM
•
Screw, hex head 1/4-20 x 1-3/4" SS
10
3. 01/4-20MSN
•
Nut, 1/4-20 locking SS
10
4. 01/4SSF
•
Washer, flat 1/4" regular SS
21
5. 99744-G501
•
Arm weldment
4
6. 1/4SSS
Washer, split lock 1/4" SS
1
7. 01/4-20SS016HM
Screw, hex head 1/4-20 x 1" SS
1
8. 99745-01 formed
Feedstrap, formed
1
9. G58NUT
Nut, hex 5/8-11 heavy galvanized
12
10. GR58FW
Washer, flat 5/8 heavy galvanized
12
11. G58LW
Washer, split lock 5/8" galvanized
8
12. G58R-10
Rod, full threaded 5/8-11 galvanized
4
13. DCP
Clamp half, 5.75" bolt spacing
2
Notes
Table 4. Kit, Endseal Radome (per antenna bay)
Part Number
Description
Qty.
14. 01/4-20SS040SC
Screw, socket head 1/4-20 x 2-1/4", SS
2
15. 01/4SSS
Washer, lock 1/4", SS
10
16. 99718-03-01
Disc, radome support half
1
17. 99718-03-02
Disc, radome support half
1
18. 01/4-20SS016HM
Screw, hex head 1/4-20 x 1", SS
4
19. 01/4SSFN
Washer, flat 1/4" narrow, SS
8
20. 99718-04
Filler, radome
2
21. 86708-02
Radome
1
22. 01/4-20SS012HM
Screw, hex head 1/4-20 x 3/4", SS
4
41
Notes
Parts
Figure 21. Components, 6842 Bay Without Endseal Radome
Table 5. Components, Feed System for 2-Bay Antenna (per array)
Part Number
Description
1-bay
Qty.
2-bay
Qty.
1
4
NOTE
Feed system for a two-bay array is shown in Figure 15 on page 26.
23. 9068-215
O-ring for 7/8" EIA flange
24. TY529MX
Tie-wrap
a/r
a/r
25. 98162-G501
Kit, power divider mount (2 clamps each per kit)
n/a
1
26. 158F-078F x 2
Power divider, 2-way, 1-5/8" female EIA to 7/8" male EIA
n/a
1
27. 82912-G507M
Kit, hardware for 7/8" EIA flange (includes three M6 x 25 mm SS
bolts and three M6 SS lock washers)
n/a
2
28. 99715-G5xx
Coax cable section, HCA78-50J, 7/8" gas-block EIA to 7/8" gas-pass
EIA
n/a
2
29. 9068-328
O-ring for 1-5/8" EIA flange
n/a
1
30. 82912-G501
Kit, hardware for 1-5/8" EIA flange (includes four 5-16-18 x 1-1/2"
long bolts & four 5/16" lock washers)
n/a
1
42
Parts
Table 6. Components, Feed System for 3- to 8-Bay Antenna (per array)
Part Number
Description
3-bay
Qty.
4-bay
Qty.
5-bay
Qty.
6-bay
Qty.
8-bay
Qty.
NOTE
Feed system for 3- to 8-bay array is shown in Figure 18 on page 33.
31. 98141-G504
Mount, power divider mount
2
2
2
2
2
32. 01/2-13SS
•
Nut, hex 1/2-13 SS
5
5
5
5
5
33. G12SSF
•
Washer, flat 1/2" SS
6
6
6
6
6
34. G12R-8
•
Rod, threaded, 1/2-13 x 8" galvanized
2
2
2
2
2
35. 98141-03
•
Channel, 6832 power divider
1
1
1
1
1
36. 01/2SSS
•
Washer, lock, 1/2" galvanized
5
5
5
5
5
37. DCP
•
Clamp half, 5.75" bolt spacing
1
1
1
1
1
38. G1205
•
Bolt, hex head 1/2-13 x 5" galvanized
1
1
1
1
1
39. 98359-05
•
Spacer, universal mount, transformer &
transmission line
1
1
1
1
1
40. 98359-G503
•
Saddle assembly, power divider mount
2
2
2
2
2
41. 6114-400
Clamp, hose
4
4
4
4
4
42. 318F-078F x 3
Power divider, 3-way, 
3-1/8" female EIA to 7/8" male EIA
1
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
43. 318F-078F x 4
Power divider, 4-way, 
3-1/8" female EIA to 7/8" male EIA
n/a
1
n/a
n/a
n/a
44. 318F-078F x 5
Power divider, 5-way, 
3-1/8" female EIA to 7/8" male EIA
n/a
n/a
1
n/a
n/a
45. 318F-078F x 6
Power divider, 6-way, 
3-1/8" female EIA to 7/8" male EIA
n/a
n/a
n/a
1
n/a
46. 318F-078F x 8
Power divider, 8-way, 
3-1/8" female EIA to 7/8" male EIA
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
1
47. 9068-215
O-ring for 7/8" EIA flange
6
8
10
12
16
48. 82912-G507M
Kit, hardware for 7/8" EIA flange (includes
three M6 x 25 mm SS bolts and three M6 SS lock
washers)
6
8
10
12
16
49. 99715-G5xx
Coax cable section, HCA78-50J, 7/8" male EIA
to 7/8" female EIA
3
4
5
6
8
50. TY529MX
Tie-wrap
a/r
a/r
a/r
a/r
a/r
51. 9068-340
O-ring for 3-1/8" EIA flange
1
1
1
1
1
52. 82912-G503
Kit, hardware for 3-1/8" EIA flange (includes six
3/8-16 x 1-3/4" bolts & six 3/8" lock washers)
1
1
1
1
1
43
Parts
Table 7. Accessories and Optional Items for 2-Bay to 8-Bay Antenna
Part Number
Description
2-Bay
Qty.
4-Bay
Qty
6-Bay
Qty.
8-Bay
Qty.
53. 99952-G502
Fine matcher, 1-5/8"
1
1
1
1
29. 9068-328
•
1
1
1
1
54. 99952-G501
Fine matcher, 3-1/8"
1
1
1
1
51. 9068-340
•
1
1
1
1
55. Various
Mount assembly, fine matcher
2
2
2
2
O-ring, silicone, 1-5/8" EIA flange
O-ring, silicone, 3-1/8" EIA flange
44
Appendix A
Selected Assembly Drawings

The following are excerpts from selected assembly drawings.
45
Figure A-1. 22° Feed Strap with
Endseal Radome & Deicer
46
Figure A-2. 6842 Exploded View
with Endseal Radome
47
Figure A-3. Bay Arm Stickers
48
Figure A-4. Power Divider Mount
Detail
49
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