Peavey GeneralMusic RealPiano Expander Owner's manual

Peavey GeneralMusic RealPiano Expander Owner's manual
GEN
ERA
LM
US
IC
®
OWNER’S MANUAL
English
General safety instructions
Power source
• Be sure that you are using a Generalmusic approved power adaptor to power the instrument
Handling the power cord
• Never touch the power adaptor or its plug with wet hands.
• Never pull on the cord to remove it from the wall socket, always pull the plug.
• Never forcibly bend the power adaptor's cord.
• If the power adaptor or its cord is scarred, cut or broken, or has a bad contact, it will be a potential fire
hazard or source of serious electric shock. NEVER use a damaged power adaptor; replace it immediately
with the correct replacement type.
If water gets into the instrument
• Remove the adaptor from the wall socket at once, and contact the store where the unit was purchased.
• The top surface of your instrument should never be used as a shelf for flower vases and other containers
which hold liquids.
Metal items etc. inside the unit
• Do not allow metal items or other materials to fall inside the unit.
Metal items may result in electric shock or damage
• Be especially careful with regards to this point when children are near the unit. They should be warned
never to try to put anything inside, and never to slide a hand into the unit while you or other persons are
playing.
• If articles do fall inside, remove the power adaptor from the wall socket at once and, if necessary,
contact the store where the unit was purchased.
• As a general precaution, never open the unit and touch or tamper with the internal circuitry.
If the instrument does not seem to be working correctly
• Turn off the power immediately, remove the power adaptor from the mains outlet and contact the store
where the instrument was purchased.
• Discontinue using the unit at once. Failure to do so may result in additional damage or other unexpected
damage or accident.
General user maintenance
• Clean the outer surface of your instrument using a soft, clean, slightly damp cloth and polish with a
soft, dry cloth.
• Never use industrial cleaners, detergents, abrasive cleansers, waxes, solvents or polishes as they may
damage the instrument finish.
• Always turn off the power supply after use and never turn the unit on and off repeatedly in quick
succession as this places an undue load on the electronic components.
Generalmusic on Internet: http://www.generalmusic.com
The information in this publication has been carefully prepared and checked. The manufacturers however decline all liability for eventual
errors. All rights are reserved. This publication may not be copied, photocopied or reproduced in part or in whole without prior written
consent from Generalmusic S.p.A. Generalmusic reserves the right to apply any aesthetic, design or function modifications it considers
necessary to any of its products without prior notice. Generalmusic declines all liability for damage to property or persons resulting from
improper use of the instrument.
Make sure that all internal electronic options are installed by an authorized Generalmusic service technician. Check with an authorized
Generalmusic dealer for information on the closest service centre.
Generalmusic © 1997. All rights reserved.
Table of Contents
Section 1: Instrument Layout
Section 4: Performance Edit
Front panel RealPiano Expander ............................ 4
Rear panel RealPiano Expander ............................ 5
Installation, Power switch, Master
Volume and Headphones, Demo ........... 6
Installation ..................................
Power/Master Volume .................
Phones .........................................
Demo ...........................................
6
7
7
7
Editing your Performance ..................... 22
Screens for layered and split Sounds .... 22
Perf Edit functions ................................ 23
Transposing the Sounds ........................ 23
Assigning pedal functions ..................... 23
Section 5: DSP Edit Functions
DSP Edit functions ................................ 26
Reverb Send Level ..................... 26
Reverb Time .............................. 26
Effect Send Level ....................... 26
Effect Depth .............................. 26
Effect Rate ................................. 26
Brilliance .................................. 26
Pedal connections .................................... 8
A note about pedals
and footswitches ................................... 8
Section 2: Quick Study Guide
Basic Functions ..................................... 10 Section 6: MASTER/MIDI Functions
Simple Operation .................................. 10
MIDI functions ...................................... 28
Storing a Performance ........................... 13
Master functions .................................... 30
Creating a new Performance
To receive a Dump ................................ 31
from scratch ........................................ 14
Section 3: Basic Features
Section 7: Reference section
Technical specifications ........................ 34
Selecting sounds .................................... 16
Technology ............................................ 35
Single mode ........................................... 16
Natural string resonance .......... 35
Mixing sounds together (Layer) ............ 16
Damper physical model ............ 35
Split Mode ............................................. 16
Advanced release technology ... 35
Performances ......................................... 18
Index ...................................................... 37
What is a performance ? ........................ 18
Selecting the Performances ................... 18
Changing the pitch of the instrument .... 19 Appendix
Transpose .................................. 19
MIDI implementation chart ................... ii
Tune ........................................... 19
Special Control Change messages ........ iii
Adding effects ....................................... 20
Sound table .............................................iv
Reverb ....................................... 20
Performance table.................................... v
Effects........................................ 20
Rack mounting instructions ...................vi
RealPiano Expander
Page 1
RealPiano Expander
Page 2
Section 1
Instrument Layout
RealPiano Expander
Page 3
Front and rear panel
Front panel - RealPiano Expander
(8) (9) (10)
SPLIT
(12) (13) (14) (15)(16)
(11)
LAYER
PERF
REALPIANO EXPANDER
MIDI
TRANSPOSE
POWER
M.VOL
< VOLUME >
-
(1) (2) (3)
(1) POWER M/VOL.
(2) TRANSPOSE b & #
(3) PHONES
(4) VOLUME –/+
(5) REVERB
(6) EFFECT
(7) PERF/SOUND
(8) SPLIT
(9) LAYER
EDIT
MODE
PHONES
< REVERB >
-
(4)
< EFFECT >
STORE
DEMO
< PERF/SOUND >
-
-
(5)
DSP MASTER/MIDI
+
(6)
(7)
(17) (18) (19)
Power On/Off button and Master volume control.
Increases or decreases the overall pitch of the instrument in half-step (semitone)
increments.
Jack for stereo headphones.
Raises or lowers the volume of the selected sound.
Use this button to select a reverb type.
Use this button to select an effect type.
These buttons select Sounds or Performances, depending on the current mode selected.
This button activates two tracks divided by a split point. The current Sound is assigned
to the right split while a Bass sound is assigned to the left. Holding the button
pressed allows you to change the Split point by playing a note on the connected
MIDI keyboard.
Activates two layered tracks which play at the same time across the entire range of
the connected MIDI keyboard.
(10) PAGE UP/DOWN
BUTTONS
(11) LCD DISPLAY
(12) MIDI LED
(13) DATA ENTRY –/+
BUTTONS
(14) PERF EDIT
(15) DSP EDIT
(16) MASTER/MIDI
(17) MODE
(18) STORE
(19) DEMO
These buttons step through the various functions in the PERF EDIT, DSP EDIT and
MASTER/MIDI menus.
Liquid Crystal Display.
LED which turns on during MIDI message reception.
Buttons to adjust the value of the currently selected parameter in edit situations.
Allows you to edit a variety of performance parameters. Any changes made here
will be memorized when the performance is saved.
Allows you to edit the DSP parameters. Any changes made here will be memorized
when the performance is saved.
Gains access to the various MIDI functions of the instrument plus some additional
Master features such as "Restore Performances" and "Display Contrast".
Button which toggles between SOUNDS and PERFORMANCE mode.
Allows you to memorize the modifications made to the Performances and to choose
the destination (Bank A-H and location 1-8).
Activates the factory programmed demonstration song of the internal sounds.
RealPiano Expander
Page 4
Back panel - RealPiano Expander
(1)
(1) OUTPUT RIGHT/M
LEFT
(2) DAMPER
(3) PEDAL 1
(4) PEDAL 2
(5) MIDI IN
(6) MIDI THRU
(7) MIDI OUT
(8) COMPUTER JACK
(9) D.C. POWER JACK
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
Stereo outputs to connect the instrument to an amplifier, mixer or recording device.
If you are connecting to mono equipment, (e.g. a guitar amplifier) use only the Right/
Mono jack.
You can connect either a standard footswitch or the special Real Piano Continuous
Damper Pedal, (available from your Generalmusic dealer) to simulate the right pedal
of a piano.
Each socket can accept either a footswitch or a continuous, (volume) type pedal.
The function to assign to each pedal can be selected in the PERF EDIT section.
Allows the sounds of the RealPiano Expander to be played by an external controlling
device e.g. a controller keyboard or a sequencer.
Transmits a copy of the information being received by the MIDI IN. Use MIDI
THRU when connecting a number of different instruments together.
Sends MIDI information from the RealPiano Expander to other MIDI external
equipment.
Allows direct connection of the instrument to an IBM or Macintosh computer by
means of a single serial cable without the need to use a MIDI interface.
Connection for the power supply unit. Use only the unit supplied with your instrument.
RealPiano Expander
Page 5
Installation, Power switch, Master Volume and headphones, Demo
Installation
Connect the power supply: Connect the Generalmusic power supply unit to the 12V. d.c. jack.
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Connect the audio cables: Connect the audio outputs to your amp. system (mixer, powered speakers, etc.)
using audio cables with standard 1/4” jacks. Use RCA jacks to connect to domestic stereo units. For mono
reproduction, connect to the Right/M jack.
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MIDI connection: The RealPiano Expander is a sound generator which must be connected to a MIDI controlling
device, such as a master keyboard, computer, wind controller, etc.). Connect the MIDI OUT port of the
controlling device to the Expander’s MIDI IN port.
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Direct connection to a computer: If your computer is not fitted with a MIDI interface, you can connect
directly to the RealPiano Expander via the COMPUTER port. Use standard serial cables which are specific for
the type of computer being used (Apple Macintosh, IBM or Atari). The RealPiano Expander needs to be set for
this type of connection. (PC1, PC2 or Apple - See page 30 for details).
APPLE MACINTOSH
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RealPiano Expander
Page 6
Power/Master Volume
The Power/M.VOL control has two functions:
a) Power on/off button: Press the button to turn on the instrument. Press again to turn off.
b) Master Volume control: Rotate in a clockwise direction to increase the overall volume and anticlockwise to decrease it.
POWER
M.VOL
Decrease
overall Volume
Power On/Off button
Increase
overall Volume
Overall Volume control knob
Phones
The headphone jack is located on the front panel, next to the Power/M.Vol control. Inserting the headphones
into this jack allows you to play without disturbing others in the same room. Use a mini jack1/4” adapter for
Walkman or MidiDisc headphone sets.
POWER
M.VOL
PHONES
Headphones jack
Demo
This button triggers the playback of a demonstration song permanently memorized in the expander’s ROM
(read only memory).
When it reaches the end, the song loops back to the beginning and repeats continually until stopped. Press the
DEMO button to stop the demo at any time.
DEMO
-DEMOPRO Expander
RealPiano Expander
Page 7
Pedal connections
There are three pedal jacks on the back panel of the RealPiano Expander.
The DAMPER pedal jack can accept any type of generic footswitch to provide a "sustain pedal" effect. This
jack can also accept a special "continuous damper pedal", (available from your Generalmusic dealer), which
more faithfully replicates the action of an acoustic piano's damper pedal. When this continuous type of pedal
is used, the amount of damping will vary according to the position of the pedal.
The other two pedal jacks, PED1 and PED2, can accept either a pedal switch or a continuous type pedal.
These pedals, when connected can be used for a variety of different functions. These functions are detailed in
section 4 of this manual - PERF EDIT, Pedal 1 Function/Pedal 2 Function.
Switch pedal
Continuous pedal
A note about pedals and footswitches
There are four types of pedals which may be connected to the RealPiano Expander;
1. Footswitch - normal polarity, (or "normally open")
2. Footswitch - reverse polarity, (or “normally closed")
3. Continuous volume pedal
4. Generalmusic continuous damper pedal
Whenever one of the above pedal types is connected to either the DAMPER, PED 1 or PED 2 jacks, the
instrument will automatically detect which type of pedal is inserted. This "auto detect" procedure normally
takes about 1-2 seconds. In order for the system to correctly evaluate the pedal type, it is important not to
press or move the pedal until the pedal change screen, (Fig. 1) has disappeared.
PEDAL
Pedal1
CHANGE
inserted
Fig. 1: Pedal “Auto-detect” screen
RealPiano Expander
Page 8
Section 2
Quick Study Guide
For those of you who don’t like to read manuals, or wish to read the manual in
detail later, here is everything you need to get started.
RealPiano Expander
Page 9
Basic Functions
This instrument follows a simple and logical design so you should be able to use and understand many of the
features without exhaustive description. If you need more explanation of a particular feature, you will find a
comprehensive description of each function further on in this manual.
Operating Modes
There are two different ways of using the instrument;
1: SOUNDS mode
2: PERF mode, (“Performance” mode)
MODE
Sound or Perf mode selector
Either mode can be selected by use of the MODE button to the right of the display, under the groups of EDIT
buttons. Pressing the Mode button repeatedly toggles between the two selection modes. When SOUNDS
mode is selected, the display shows the name(s) of the sound(s) and corresponding Program Change number(s).
In PERF mode, the display shows the PERFORMANCE bank and location and the Performance name.
1.Piano1
-Pg 00
PERFORMANCE: A1
GRAND PIANO
PERF mode display
SOUND mode display
Every time the instrument is turned on, it defaults to SOUNDS mode. You can scroll through the sounds by
using the PERF/SOUND –/+ buttons.
< PERF/SOUND >
RealPiano Expander
Page 10
You can control the volume of the selected Sound with the VOLUME –/+ buttons located under the display.
< VOLUME >
You can easily add effects to the selected sound by using the REVERB–/+ and EFFECTS–/+ buttons.
< EFFECT >
< REVERB >
-
-
If you want to mix two sounds together, this can be achieved by simply pressing the LAYER button located to
the left of the display. You may also split the connected keyboard by pressing SPLIT. If you select a sound
while holding the split button, this assigns that sound to the left side of the keyboard. If you press a note on the
connected keyboard while holding the split button, the note you pressed will become the new split point, (it
actually becomes the lowest note of the right or upper section).
NOTE: These functions will only work if your controller keyboard is transmitting on the expander’s
“COMMON CHANNEL”. See page 28 for more details.
SPLIT
LAYER
If you are playing either in Layer or Split mode, you can control the volume of each sound independently by
selecting the sound whose volume you wish to change using the page Up/Down buttons, then using the Volume
–/+ buttons.
If you wish to further edit the sound combination you are making, for example, transpose a sound or change
the effect sends, you can find the necessary functions under the buttons in the EDIT section.
PERF
DSP MASTER/MIDI
EDIT
RealPiano Expander
Page 11
Pressing, for example, PERF will display the first edit page that allows you to change some aspect of the
current sound combination. The data entry –/+ buttons located to the right of the display are used to adjust the
value of whatever is currently displayed. Other screens can be selected by pressing the page Up/Down buttons
located to the left of the display.
REALPIANO EXPANDER
page Up/Down buttons
MIDI
+
data entry +/– buttons
The number of features available in the EDIT section will be different depending on whether you have one
sound or two sounds currently active. When you have two sounds selected, (either layered or split), you will
see several duplicated screens. For example; if you have layered, the first PERF EDIT screen allows you to
transpose Sound 1 with the data entry –/+ buttons. When you page forward to the next screen you can now
transpose Sound 2 in the same way. If you had selected only one sound you would not see this second screen.
After you have spent some time adjusting things like the effect levels, mixing, pedal assignments and other
features contained in the EDIT section, you will have created what is called a PERFORMANCE. In simple
terms, a PERFORMANCE is just the end result of some tweaking and editing where the instrument now
sounds the way you want it to. At this stage your PERFORMANCE can be saved in memory so that you can
instantly recall it the next time you need to use it.
RealPiano Expander
Page 12
Storing a Performance
There are 64 PERFORMANCE memories on-board the RealPiano Expander, arranged in eight banks from A
to H. Each bank contains eight Performances numbered 1 - 8. The PERF/SOUND –/+ button select the
Performances in decreasing or increasing order when the instrument is set to PERF mode. Each Performance
has both an alpha- numeric reference, (e.g. C5 or F2), and an actual text name which is shown in the display.
Although the procedure for saving and naming a Performance is described in detail elsewhere in this manual,
the basic steps are very simple. After creating a performance which you want to store, press the STORE
button.
STORE
Next, if you hold one of the PERF/SOUND –/+ buttons pressed, you can scroll continually through all the
Performances available in memory. Pressing repeatedly selects the Performances one at a time. The – button
selects in reverse order while the + button selects in forward order. Once you have selected a Performance,
press STORE. The display prompts you with the message “Stor Perf? YES”. At this point, you can also
change the name (see the example which follows). Select NO or YES with the data entry –/+ button: YES to
memorize or NO to cancel the operation. Press STORE once again to confirm the store Performance operation.
The new Performance is now memorized to the selected location. You can recall your Performance at any time
by selecting PERF mode and using the PERF/SOUND –/+ buttons.
EXAMPLE: Saving the current sound settings into Performance “E6”
With the instrument in SOUNDS mode and a performance ready to be saved;
1. Press STORE.
2. Hold the PERF/SOUND+ button pressed until the first Performance of bank E is displayed
(WURLYTZ1).
3. Press the PERF/SOUND + button repeatedly and select Performance “E6” (WURLY/
STACK4).
4. At this stage, if desired, you can write a different name for the Performance. Use the data
entry –/+ buttons to select letters and symbols and the page Up/Down buttons to move the
cursor.
5. Press STORE again. The display shows the message “Storing Perf? YES”.
6. Press STORE once again to memorize the Performance. (If you confirm with “NO”
showing, the modifications will not be memorized).
You have now stored this sound setting into Performance E6.
Your RealPiano Expander leaves the factory with pre-programmed Performances to let you hear some of the
possibilities of the instrument. The first of these is a basic piano setting which has been stored in Performance A1.
You can listen to some of the instrument’s powerful capabilities by recalling the combinations stored in A2, A3,
A4 etc. Even if you have erased or overwritten some of these factory performances, they can be fully restored at
any time by turning the power on while holding the PERF EDIT button, or by using the RESTORE PERF
function in the MASTER/MIDI section. This function will erase any Performances you had previously saved.
NOTE: To hear these Performances accurately, your controller keyboard must be transmitting on the
Expander’s “COMMON CHANNEL”. See page 28 for more details.
RealPiano Expander
Page 13
Creating a new Performance from scratch
Lets try a complete step by step example.
The aim is to create a combination of Electric Grand 1 (p02) and Atk Choir (p28). We need the Choir sound to
be about half the volume of the ElGrand. We will add some hall reverb to the sound but we need to have much
more reverb on the AtkChoir than on the ElGrand. When we have finished making this sound combination, we
will store it in Performance B1.
1. Switch the instrument on or, if it is already on, select Sound mode
2. Select the sound ElGrand 1 (p02) with the Perf/Sound+ button.
3. Press LAYER and select sound 2 with the page Down button (sound 2 will be shown selected
by a small arrow).
4. Assign AtkChoir (p28) to sound 2 using the Perf/Sound –/+ buttons.
This mixes the ElGrand 1 sound with the AtkChoir sound.
Now let’s balance the Volumes.
5. Move the arrow to sound 1 with the page Up button and press the Volume + button.
6. The display shows a new page with the current Volume setting (127) - adjust the setting to
“100” with the Volume – button.
7. After a few seconds, the display returns to the previous situation. Now select sound 2
(AtkChoir) with the page Down button and set the volume to “64” with the Volume –
button.
Now let’s add the reverb effect.
8. Use the REVERB +/- buttons to select “HALL”.
9. Press the DSP EDIT button.
10. The display shows the effect send parameter for the reverb effect of sound 1. Set the value
to about 40 or 50 with the data entry –/+ buttons.
11. Now use the page Up button to select the REV SEND parameter for sound 2 (page 1b).
12. Assign a value (e.g. 100) with the data entry –/+ buttons.
This completes the editing.
Let’s now store this sound combination into performance B1.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Press STORE.
Press the Perf/Sound+ button repeatedly to select Performance B1 (Piano/Pad1)
Press STORE again. The display shows the message “Store Perf? YES”.
Press STORE a third time to memorize the modifications to the Performance destination B1.
That’s it. To recall this sound combination at any time, simply switch to PERFORMANCE mode and scroll to
the Performance B1 with the Perf/Sound –/+ buttons.
Note: A quicker and more direct method of selecting the Sounds or Performances is to send appropriate
Program change messages to the Expander from the connected MIDI Controller. See page 28 of this manual
for more information.
RealPiano Expander
Page 14
Section 3
Basic Features
This section will explain how to approach the instrument for the first time in a
simple fashion. It will help you to get quickly acquainted with the most important
features of the instrument.
RealPiano Expander
Page 15
Selecting sounds
Single mode
After turning the instrument on, you can select single sounds by pressing the Perf/Sound –/+ buttons. The
name of the selected Sound appears in the display together with the corresponding Program Change number.
1.Piano1
-Pg 00
< PERF/SOUND >
-
1.Piano2
-Pg 01
Changing the Volume: The Volume of the sound can be controlled with the Volume –/+ buttons.
When you press the Volume buttons, the volume setting appears in the display. Pressing these buttons repeatedly
changes the setting in steps of one unit at a time. Holding these buttons down causes the Volume to scroll at
high speed and stops when you release the button. A few seconds after release, the Volume display disappears
and the screen returns to the Sound view mode.
< VOLUME >
-
1.Piano1
Volume = 127
1
Layer mode
To mix or “layer” two sounds together, simply press the LAYER button. By default, the sound layered to the
first is Piano 2 (p01), but you can change sound 2 as you wish.
NOTE: This function will only work if your controller keyboard must be transmitting on the Expander’s
“COMMON CHANNEL”. See page 28 for more details.
LAYER
1->Piano1 -Pg 00
2. Choir -Pg 12
Although the volume levels of the two sounds can be adjusted separately using the Volume –/+ buttons, there
is a simple method of volume control which can be applied without any editing. When you press LAYER, the
sound that was selected before pressing Layer will have the higher volume setting compared with the second
sound.
Split Mode
This button divides the connected keyboard into separate left and right sections with a different sound on each
side. For an instant, the display shows the sound assigned to the left split and the current Split point setting.
Shortly after, the display returns to the sound mode situation showing two sounds.
NOTE: This function will only work if your controller keyboard must be transmitting on the Expander’s
“COMMON CHANNEL”. See page 28 for more details.
SPLIT
LEFT:A.Bass
SPLIT Point
1
G#2
RealPiano Expander
1->Piano1 -Pg 00
2. A.Bass -Pg 15
Page 16
After pressing SPLIT, any sound you select will affect only the sound on the right side of this split. The small
arrow in the display shows which sound is selected for a sound change.
1->Piano1 -Pg 00
2. A.Bass -Pg 15
Selected sound shown by the arrow
If you want to change the sound on the left side of the split, simply select a sound while holding the SPLIT
button down. Also, while holding down the SPLIT button, you can also press a key on the connected MIDI
keyboard to define a new split point.
An alternative way of assigning a different sound to the left split is as follows: select sound 2 with the page
Down button, so that the arrow points to sound 2. Now, use the Perf/Sound –/+ buttons to assign a different
sound.
1 Piano1 -Pg 00
2->A.Bass -Pg 15
If you use this method of assigning sounds to sound 2, it is also possible to control the sound 2 volume. This
method works for both Split and Layer Modes.
In all the above examples, these volume settings will be memorized when the Performance is saved.
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Performances
What is a performance ?
A Performance is simply a memory location in which a sound or combination of sounds has been stored.
Usually, when you use an instrument like the RealPiano Expander, you will spend some time experimenting
with different single sounds or combinations of sounds, different effects etc., until you really get the instrument
sounding the way you want. At this stage, the instrument allows you to store all of the settings and changes
which you have made into a memory called a PERFORMANCE.
The RealPiano Expander contains 64 programmable Performances. All of these have been programmed at the
factory in order to provide you with various examples of sound combinations. You can also re-program these
Performances to your liking in order to obtain custom sound combinations.
Selecting the Performances
While the procedure for making and storing a performance is covered in the "Quick study guide" section of
this manual, you might be interested in listening to some of those which we have created for you (default
Perfs).
To recall these performances you need to switch from SOUNDS mode to PERF mode using the MODE button.
MODE
PERFORMANCE: A1
GRAND PIANO
Once in PERF mode, you can select the factory performances by either using the PERF/SOUND –/+ buttons
(direct panel selection method), or by transmitting Program Change messages to RealPiano Expander from
the controlling device on the Expander’s Common channel. The 64 performances are stored in 8 banks A - H.
Each bank contains 8 performances 1-8.
To return to SOUNDS mode, press MODE again.
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Changing the pitch of the instrument
Transpose
The TRANSPOSE b/# buttons are located to the left of the page Up/Down buttons.
TRANSPOSE
Pressing either button will adjust the pitch of the instrument in half-step (semitone) increments, up to a maximum
of ± 12 semitones (1 octave). Each press of the Transpose b (flat) button will reduce the pitch of the instrument
by one half step. Each press of the Transpose # (sharp) button will increase the pitch of the instrument by one
half step. In this way it is possible to play a piece in one particular key and transpose the instrument to sound
in a different key.
When you use the Transpose buttons, the amount of transposition is displayed in the screen. For example, if
you were to press the Transpose # button three times, the display would show a transpose value of “3” together
with the note symbol showing the new value (C=D#).
This indicates that each note played would be pitch shifted up by three half steps. If you now play in the key
of C, the instrument would sound in the key of D# (Eb). If you play in F, the instrument would sound in G#
(Ab) and so on....
TRANSPOSE
3
C=D#
The current Transpose setting can be cancelled by pressing both TRANSPOSE buttons together.
This feature is most useful for “octave shifting” one of the sounds being used in layer or split situations. For
one octave up, set the transpose value to +12. For one octave down set the value to -12.
Tune
The TUNE function is in the first page of the MASTER/MIDI section. Press MASTER/MIDI to gain access to
the TUNE function.
MASTER/MIDI
EDIT
TUNE Control
1
440.0 Hz
The TUNE feature allows the entire instrument to be fine tuned to match another instrument or backing track
which may be slightly out of tune. With the TUNE function selected, press the data entry –/+ button to
decrease or increase the pitch.
The TUNE display uses a standard reference for the pitch of concert A = 440Hz. The available range is 427.5
- 452.5 in steps of 0.5 Hz. You can reset the tuning to A=440Hz by pressing both data entry –/+ buttons
together.
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Adding effects
Reverb
Room, Stage, Hall
The RealPiano Expander offers three reverb presets. These can be selected by repeatedly pressing the REVERB
+/– buttons until the reverb required appears in the display. The first position recalled by the button is the “no
effect” display, which cancels the reverb effect. The amount and depth of these effects can be fully edited
using the REVERB SEND and REVERB TIME functions under the DSP EDIT button. Once you enter DSP
Edit, the parameters are selected with the page Up/Down buttons and modified with the data entry +/– buttons.
< REVERB >
-
DSP REVERB
Hall
Effects
Chorus, Tremolo, Phaser
The RealPiano Expander offers three effects presets. These can be selected by repeatedly pressing the EFFECTS
+/– buttons until the desired effect appears in the display. The first position recalled by the button is the “no
effect” display, which cancels the effect The depth and rate of these effects can be fully edited using the
EFFECT DEPTH and EFFECT RATE functions under the DSP EDIT button. Once you enter DSP Edit, the
parameters are selected with the page Up/Down buttons and modified with the data entry +/– buttons.
NOTE: The Tremolo effect has two modes - one for Stereo and another for Mono. If you are not hearing the
Tremolo effect then you may need to switch modes. See “EFFECT RATE” on page 26 for more details.
< EFFECT >
-
DSP EFFECT
Chorus
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Section 4
Performance Edit
When you construct a combination of sounds there are many powerful features
available under the PERF EDIT button which may help you to tailor the sound
combinations to your needs.
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Editing your Performance
The functions available under PERF EDIT are divided into a series of individual numbered screens. Pressing
the PERF EDIT button the first time after powering up, you will see the first screen - “Transpose”. For each
PERF EDIT function, you will see the screen number in the top right corner of the display. You can select the
next or previous screen by using the page Up/Down buttons. When you escape PERF EDIT, the RealPiano
Expander memorizes the last page selected.
Screens for layered and split Sounds
In most cases, each screen contains only one variable parameter which is modified with the data entry –/+
buttons. In some cases you will see duplicated screens. This occurs when two sounds are being used in either
split or layer mode. For example, the Transpose screen will appear twice - first for sound 1 and then again for
sound 2. When this occurs, the second instance of each screen displays the same screen number but with the
addition of a “b”.
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Perf Edit functions
Following is a list of the PERF EDIT screens in numeric order. If you see “(b)” by a screen number it indicates
that there will be two instances of this screen when a split or layer is being used.
Transposing the Sounds
1(b). Transpose
In the top line of the screen you will see the name of the sound currently selected.
1.Piano1
Transpose =
1
0
The pitch of the currently displayed sound can be transposed by simply using either the TRANSPOSE b/#
buttons to the left of the display or the data entry +/– buttons to the right of the display. This function is useful
to apply any kind of transposition in split or layered situations. An octave shift can be achieved by setting the
transpose value to -12, (one octave lower than normal) or +12, (one octave higher than normal). If only one
sound is being used, page 1b will not appear.
Assigning pedal functions
2. Pedal 1 Function
3. Pedal 2 Function
When a foot pedal is connected to the Pedal 1 or Pedal 2 jack, it can perform a number of different functions.
These screens are used to select the function of your choice for each pedal respectively. Each jack can accept
either a switch type pedal or a continuous type (volume) pedal. Whenever a pedal is inserted into one of the
available jacks, the instrument performs an “auto-detect” routine and automatically figures out which type of
pedal has been inserted. Therefore the functions available in these menus will depend upon which type of
pedal has been detected in each jack. The available functions are as follows;
IF A SWITCH TYPE PEDAL HAS BEEN CONNECTED;
OFF
The pedal has no function.
DAMPER
The pedal functions like the “right pedal” of a piano - providing a sustain effect to
the notes being played.
SOSTENUTO
The pedal functions like the centre pedal of a grand piano - sustaining only those
notes which were being held down while the pedal was pressed.
SOFT
The pedal functions like the “left pedal” of a piano - softening the tone of the
instrument
START/STOP
Duplicates the PLAY/STOP button of a sequencer connected to the expander.
PERF +
When the pedal is pressed the next PERFORMANCE is selected.
PERF -
When the pedal is pressed the previous PERFORMANCE is selected.
IF A CONTINUOUS (VOLUME) TYPE PEDAL HAS BEEN CONNECTED;
OFF
The pedal has no function.
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VOLUME
The pedal controls the overall volume of the assigned sound with a range of 0 - 127.
EXPRESSION
The pedal controls the overall volume of the assigned sound but the maximum level
available will be equal to the volume level set for that sound. For example; if piano
and strings are mixed with the strings level set at 75, the expression pedal will sweep
from 0 to 75.
4. Pedal 1 Assign
5. Pedal 2 Assign
6. Damper Assign
Using these functions, you can choose which of the selected sounds the pedals will affect. In each menu you
can assign the pedal to Sound 1, Sound 2 or Sound 1 & 2. For example, if you mixed Piano and Strings and you
wanted the damper pedal to sustain the piano but not to affect the strings, you would set the DAMPER ASSIGN
screen to “Sound 1” using the data entry +/– buttons.
7. Auto Wah-Wah
Auto Wah-Wah is a classic effect from the vintage keyboard era. The effect can be applied to a single sound or
to either of the two sounds in a layer or split. Use the data entry –/+ buttons to assign the effect. The “Auto
Wah-Wah” effect is particularly effective on CLAVI and E. PIANO sounds.
8. Microtuning
This feature allows you to select from a variety of alternative tunings (also called ‘Scales’ or ‘Temperaments’).
The selection available is as follows;
EQUAL
Equal temperament tuning.
PIANO 1
Preferred Stretch tuning method adopted by piano tuners.
PIANO 2
Another popular tuning method favoured by piano tuners.
MEANTONE
Actually, “Meantone C”. A mathematically accurate tuning to optimize the notes of
the C scale.
KIRNBERGER
Popular alternate classical tuning.
TARTINI-VALOTTI
Popular alternate classical tuning.
9. Detune
NOTE: This function is only available when a layered or split sound is being used.
Increasing the DETUNE value with the data entry –/+ buttons will detune sound #1 by the number of cents
displayed. Lower values are useful for creating a natural chorus effect between two sounds. At higher values
a “Honky Tonk” effect can be achieved.
10. Delay Snd 2
NOTE: This function is only available when a layered sound is being used.
This feature allows you to apply a delay to the second sound in a layer. In this way, some useful delay effects
can be achieved without having to use the effects section, (leaving that section free to apply another effect).
Choose the desired value with the data entry –/+ buttons. The value shown represents the number of milliseconds
which will elapse before the second sound is heard.
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Section 5
DSP Edit Functions
The DSP EDIT button allows you to the effects parameters of the two Digital
Effects units: Reverb and Effects.
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DSP Edit functions
1(b). Reverb Send Level
If a reverb effect has been selected, this function can be used to control how much reverb is applied to each
sound being used. It works in the same way as an “Effect Send” control on a mixer board. Use the data entry
–/+ buttons to change the value of the parameter.
When two sounds are being used, either in split or layer mode, screen 1 controls the reverb amount for Sound
1 and screen 1b controls the reverb amount for Sound 2. If only one sound is being used then screen 1b is not
displayed.
2. Reverb Time
If a reverb effect has been selected, this function can be used to control the “reverb time” or the delay amount
for the particular reverb preset. Basically this allows you to make the overall effect larger or smaller than the
factory programmed settings. Use the data entry –/+ buttons to change the value of the parameter.
For example, if you select “HALL” in the reverb section, adjusting the reverb time allows you to create the
effect of a larger hall or a smaller hall according to your preference.
3(b). Effect Send Level
This function works in exactly the same way as Reverb Send. If an effect has been chosen from the EFFECT
group, you can use this function to control how much of the effect is applied to each sound being used. Use the
data entry –/+ buttons to change the value of the parameter.
When two sounds are being used, either in split or layer mode, screen 3 controls the reverb amount for Sound
1 and screen 3b controls the reverb amount for Sound 2. If only one sound is being used then screen 3b is not
displayed.
4. Effect Depth
This function allows you to control the maximum amount of effect available. If you find, for example, that
when you adjust the EFFECT SEND for a particular sound you are still not hearing enough of the effect, you
need increase the overall effect depth in this screen. Use the data entry –/+ buttons to change the value of the
parameter.
5. Effect Rate
This function allows you to adjust the speed at which the selected effect “moves” or modulates. The setting is
a general parameter which affects a single sound as well as split or layered sounds in the same manner. Use the
data entry –/+ buttons to change the value of the parameter.
Note: The Tremolo effect has two different modes for Stereo and Mono situations, allowing you to adapt the
RealPiano Expander to different amplification systems.
When you select this effect and enter the EF. RATE page, the display shows the word “STEREO”; the modulation
speed can be modified with the data entry +/– button within the range 0 … 11. After the value 11, the display
shows “MONO”; at this point you can change the modulation speed (within the range 0 - 11), but the effect
will be optimized for mono systems.
6. Brilliance
In this page you can adjust the brightness of the sounds selected in the Performance. Using the data entry +/–
buttons, you can choose between three different settings:
• Normal: linear response (flat)
• Mellow: Moderate enhancement of the bass frequencies and a slight cut of the high frequencies;
“soft” response (Loudness).
• Sharp: Enhances the high frequencies, useful when you need a sound to “cut through” the mix.
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Section 6
MASTER/MIDI Functions
The MASTER/MIDI button contains the MIDI controls of the instrument plus a
number of important "Master Control Features".
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MIDI functions
1. Tune control
This function allows the entire instrument to be tuned to match another instrument or backing track which may
be slightly out of tune. The tuning display uses a standard reference for the pitch of concert A = 440Hz. The
available range is 427.5 - 452.5.
2. 1. Midi Channel
This allows you to change the “primary MIDI channel” for the instrument. This is both the send and receive
channel for the instrument when only one sound is being used across the entire keyboard.
In LAYER mode, this becomes the MIDI channel of Sound #1 and in SPLIT mode it becomes the MIDI
channel of the right hand or upper sound.
Sound number 1 or 2
1.
MIDI CH
01
2
Page number
MIDI Channel
3. 2. Midi Channel
This allows you to change the “secondary MIDI channel”. This channel is only in effect when more than one
sound is being used - in LAYER or SPLIT modes. The selected channel will be both the send and receive
channel for sound #2 - the second sound of a layer or the left hand or lower sound of a split.
4. MIDI Common Channel
This channel must be used for the correct operation of Layer and Split modes. By setting your controller
keyboard to this channel you can use all three modes - Single, Split and Layer -, without needing to change
any other MIDI settings. If you do not use the Common Channel, the Expander will operate only in normal
“Multi-Timbral” mode where Splits and Layers can be achieved only by mapping the MIDI zones of your
controller keyboard appropriately.
This channel is also used for the sending and receiving of PERFORMANCE messages. A program change
message received on the common channel will not change one of the individual sounds on the expander.
Instead, it will be interpreted as a PERFORMANCE CHANGE message. The messages that travel on the
Common channel override the MIDI channels of the single sounds in order to select them via the Performances.
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5. Midi IN Filters
This function allows you to block the reception of certain MIDI messages which might be unwanted on some
occasions.
For example; if you were playing a midi file from an external sequencer using the ELECTRIC PIANO 2 sound
on the RealPiano Expander, you might find that every time you start playback of the sequence, it switches to
PIANO 1. This happens because the sequence includes a Program Change message at the beginning of the
song. To overcome this problem, you would select the MIDI IN FILTER for “Program” messages. This means
that the instrument would then ignore any Program Change messages that it receives. These messages are said
to have been “filtered out” of the incoming MIDI data stream.
The messages that can be filtered are as follows;
Program
-
Midi program change messages
Volume
-
Midi volume message
All Cont.
-
All midi controller functions, (volume, modulation, pan etc.)
Prog + Vol
-
Program change and volume
Pedals
-
Hold, sustain, sostenuto, soft
Pitch
-
Pitch bend
6. Midi OUT Filters
This function is used to stop the instrument from transmitting certain MIDI messages which might be unwanted
on some occasions.
The messages that can be filtered are as follows;
Program
-
Midi program change messages
Volume
-
Midi volume message
All Cont.
-
All midi controller functions, (volume, modulation, pan etc.)
Prog + Vol
-
Program change and volume
Pedals
-
Hold, sustain, sostenuto, soft
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Master functions
7. Computer
Here you can set the operating mode for the computer serial port on the instrument’s back panel. This port
allows two-way communication between the instrument and a PC without the need for a MIDI interface. A
cable to connect the instrument to your IBM or Macintosh serial port can be obtained from your Generalmusic
dealer.
There are three modes which can be selected from this screen. Select the one which is most compatible with
your type of computer.
1. Apple Macintosh
2. PC Fast
3. PC Slow
-
Any Macintosh computer
80486, Pentium or faster processor
80386 or earlier model
8. Lock MIDI
This feature allows you to “lock” the MIDI settings of the instrument. Normally, the MIDI channels and MIDI
filters are memorized for each performance. This means that, as you recall different performances, the
instrument’s MIDI settings will change according to the way they were set when that performance was stored.
This function allows you to disable these changes, permitting you to select any performance without changing
the current MIDI settings. After you have switched this function on, you may adjust the MIDI settings as you
wish. Any subsequent changes that you make to the MIDI settings will remain in effect until you change them
again or until you turn off the “Lock MIDI” function.
9. Lock Pedals
This feature allows you to “lock” the functions of the three foot pedals. Normally, these pedal functions are
memorized for each performance. This means that, as you recall different performances, the pedal functions
will change according to the way they were set when that performance was stored.
This function allows you to disable these changes, permitting you to select any performance without changing
the pedal settings. After you have switched this function on, you may adjust the pedal settings as you wish.
Any subsequent changes that you make to the pedal settings will remain in effect until you change them again
or until you turn off the “Lock Pedals” function.
10. Display Contrast
Use this function to improve the visibility of the display screen under different lighting conditions. A higher
value will give a stronger contrast.
11. Restore Perfs
This feature allows you to restore all of the factory pre-programmed performances.
NOTE: Doing this will destroy any performances which you have saved into the instrument yourself.
To activate the function, press the data entry + button to show the “All Performances” message on the screen.
Then press the Page up button. Respond to the “Press ^ to restore” prompt by pressing the Page up button once
more.
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12. Midi Dump
Using the MIDI dump feature, you can send all of the information currently held in the instrument’s memory
to an external storage device such as a MIDI sequencer, data filer, librarian etc. Refer to the instructions of
your MIDI software, sequencer or data filer for instructions on how to receive MIDI dumps from other equipment.
Here is the procedure for sending and capturing a MIDI dump;
1. Connect a MIDI cable between the RealPiano Expander MIDI OUT and the storage
device’s MIDI IN.
2. Access the MIDI dump feature from the MASTER/MIDI button and use the data entry -/+
buttons to select “On”.
3. Press the page Up button. The screen should show as below;
Ready for Dump!
Press ^ to start
4. Prepare the storage device to receive a MIDI dump.
5. Respond to the “Ready for dump - press ^ to start” by pressing the page Up button once
more.
You will see the dump progress screen until the dump is complete. The time taken for a MIDI dump depends
on the amount of data being transferred.
To receive a Dump
When you want to send the dumped data back into the RealPiano Expander, it is not necessary to select any
special function. Simply connect a cable between the storage device’s MIDI OUT and the instrument’s MIDI
IN and begin sending the data. The screen of the RealPiano Expander will not change while a dump is being
received. After the dump is completed you will immediately be able to use your performances, etc. which
were transferred during the dump.
13. Numbering
This function allows you to select your preferred program numbering system for programs 0-127 or 1-128, to
adapt the RealPiano expander to the two principal systems used for Program change numbers.
(In some sound modules and keyboards, the first sound is referred to as program #1 and the last sound as #128.
Other systems use the numbering system from #0 - #127).
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RealPiano Expander
Page 32
Section 7
Reference section
RealPiano Expander
Page 33
Technical specifications - RealPiano Expander
Operating modes
Single
Split (programmable),
Layer - max. 2 sounds
Demo
Sound generation
64 oscillators + Dynamic Filter
Polyphony: 64 notes max., 32 notes min.
Sounds
32 sounds
Performances
64 Programmable Performances
Digital Effects Processors
Reverb (Room, Stage, Hall)
Effects (Chorus, Tremolo, Phaser)
Edit
Performance
DSP
Master/MIDI
Connections
Midi In/Out/Thru, Output: Left, Right/M
Programmable pedals: Ped1, Ped2, Damper, Phones,
Computer, 12V dc in.
Display
2 x 16 backlit
Dimensions
Weight
220 x 45 x 245 mm
1,5 Kg
Accessories (supplied)
Accessories (optional)
Power supply unit (12 Volt)
Rack adapter; triple pedal unit.
RealPiano Expander
Page 34
Technology
The RealPiano Expander features three unique applications of sound design technology including “physical
modeling” to simulate the internal characteristics of a piano soundboard.
Natural string resonance
The first physical modeling technology, patented by Generalmusic as “Natural String Resonance”, allows all
of the complex harmonics normally produced by the piano soundboard to be faithfully reproduced. This means
that a note’s individual sound will always be slightly different depending upon which other notes are currently
being held, (and consequently which strings are un-damped and free to resonate in sympathy). If you hold a
low “C” and let the note decay, the strings for that note are still un-damped for as long as the key remains
depressed. If you now strike another “C” higher up the keyboard, (staccato), you will hear the sympathetic
resonance of the low “C” strings in response to the new note played. This natural effect replicates exactly what
happens on a grand piano. If you experiment with different combinations of notes you will hear harmonic
colors particular to each. Because this effect is produced by physical modeling and not by samples or DSP
effects, the result is a musically and technically accurate simulation of a piano’s soundboard and virtually
infinite combinations of harmonics can be produced.
Damper physical model
The second technology, patented by Generalmusic is “Damper Physical Model”. Although it looks like an
ordinary damper footswitch, the special continuous damper pedal for the RealPiano Expander is not a switch
but, instead, a continuous pedal which accurately simulates the effect of the dampers being moved closer to or
further away from the strings of the piano. Because of this, effects such as partial or half damping can be
achieved. The dampers can even be slowly “squeezed” back against the strings. When the damper pedal is
depressed, the damper physical model will simulate the effect of sympathetic resonances being produced by
the un-damped strings. Even if you are using a standard switch type pedal, you can hear the effect of the
Damper Physical Model by comparing the sounds of notes played in the highest octave of the instrument with
and without the damper pedal depressed.
Advanced release technology
The third and final technology applied to the piano sounds in the RealPiano Expander is “Advanced Release
Technology ”, (patent pending). Sample based electronic pianos traditionally use envelope generators to control
what happens when a key is released. This simply allows the sample loop to continue for a set period of time
until it’s amplitude is reduced to zero by the envelope generator. In an acoustic piano, vibrating strings are
silenced by the action of a damper making contact with the string. When this happens, depending on the
velocity with which the key was struck and the length of the string itself, certain frequencies are damped
earlier than others producing a distinctive harmonic “ring” as the different frequencies in the string’s tone
dissipate throughout the piano soundboard. The Key Release Model in the RealPiano Expander simulates
exactly this feature with complete accuracy throughout the note range.
RealPiano Expander
Page 35
RealPiano Expander
Page 36
Index
A
H
Adding effects 20
Advanced Release Technology 35
All Cont 29
Apple Macintosh 30
Auto Wah-Wah 24
Auto-detect 23
Hall 20
I
IBM 30
Index 37
Installation 6
Instrument Layout 3
B
K
Basic Features 15
Basic Functions 10
Brilliance 26
Kirnberger 24
L
C
Changing the pitch of the instrument 19
Changing the Volume 16
Chorus 20
Computer 30
Connect the audio cables 6
Connect the power supply 6
Contents 1
Continuous volume pedal 8, 23
Creating a new Performance 14
D
Damper 23
Damper Assign 24
Damper Physical Model 35
Delay Snd 2 24
Demo 7
Detune 24
Direct connection to a computer 6
Display Contrast 30
DSP Edit Functions 25, 26
Layer 11
Layer mode 16
Lock MIDI 30
Lock Pedals 30
M
Macintosh 30
Master Functions 30
Master/MIDI Functions 27
Meantone 24
Microtuning 24
MIDI Common Channel 28
MIDI Connection 6
Midi Dump 31
MIDI Functions 28
Midi IN Filters 29
Midi OUT Filters. 29
N
Natural String Resonance 35
Numbering 31
E
O
Editing your Performance 22
Effect Depth 20, 26
Effect Rate 20, 26
Effect Send Level 26
Effects 20
Effects –/+ 11, 20
Equal 24
Expression 24
Octave shift 19
Operating Modes 10
P
F
Footswitch 8
Front panel - RealPiano Expander 4
G
Generalmusic Continuous Damper Pedal 8
Page Up/Down buttons 12
PC Fast 30
PC Slow 30
Pedal 1 Assign 24
Pedal 1 Function 23
Pedal 2 Assign 24
Pedal 2 Function 23
Pedal connections 8
Pedals 29
Perf + 23
Perf - 23
Perf Edit 12, 22
Perf Edit functions 23
RealPiano Expander
Page 37
Perf mode 10
Perf/Sound –/+ button 10
Performance Change 28
Performance Edit 21
Performance messages 28
Performances 18
Phaser 20
Phones 7
Physical Modeling Technology 35
Piano 1 24
Piano 2 24
Pitch 19, 29
Pitch shift 19
Polyphony 34
Power/Master Volume 7
Primary MIDI channel 28
Prog + Vol 29
Program 29
Program Change 29
Program messages 29
T
Tartini-Valotti 24
Technical specifications - RealPiano Expander 34
Technology 35
Temperaments 24
To receive a Dump 31
Transpose 19, 23
Transpore b/# 19
Tremolo 20
Tune 19
Tune control 28
V
Volume 24, 29
Volume –/+ buttons 11
W
Wah-Wah 24
What is a Performance ? 18
Q
Quick Study Guide 9
R
Rear panel - RealPiano Expander 5
Reference section 33
Restore Perfs 30
Reverb 20
Reverb Send 20
Reverb Send Level 26
RerverbTime 20, 26
Rerverb –/+ 11, 20
Room 20
S
Scales 24
Screens for layered and split Sounds 22
Secondary MIDI channel 28
Selecting sounds 16
Selecting the Performances 18
Semitones 19
Single mode 16
Soft 23
Sostenuto 23
Sounds mode 10
Split 11
Split Mode 16
Stage 20
Start/Stop 23
Store 13
Storing a Performance 13
Switch type pedal 23
RealPiano Expander
Page 38
Appendix
Appendix
Apéndice
The Appendix contains all information regarding MIDI implementation for REAL
PIANO EXPANDER.
L'Appendix contient des informations relatives aux implémentations MIDI de
REAL PIANO EXPANDER.
El Apéndice contiene información relativa a las implementaciones MIDI para
REAL PIANO EXPANDER.
Generalmusic PRO 1/PRO 2
Page i
MIDI Implementation Chart
MANUFACTURER: GENERALMUSIC s.p.a.
FUNCTION
Basic Default
Channel
Changed
Mode Default
Messages
Altered
Note
Number
True Voice
Velocity
Note ON
Note OFF
After Key's
Touch Ch's
Pitch Bender
Control
Change
Transmitted
0
7
11
64
66
67
Program
Change
True number
System Exclusive
System
Song Position
Song Select
Common
Tune
System
Clock
Real Time
Commands
Aux
Local On/Off
Messages All notes Off
Active Sensing
Reset
NOTES
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Date:07/03/97
Version: 1.00
MODEL: PRO EXP
Recognized
1
1-16
Mode 3
X
********
9-120
********
x
x
x
x
x
Bank select MSB
Remarks
1
1-16
Mode 3
X
X
9-120
9-120
o
o
x
x
o
6
Data Entry
7
Volume
Volume
11
Expression
Expression
12
Effect Control 1
Reverb type
13
Effect Control 2
Effect type
64
Damper pedal
Damper pedal
66
Sostenuto
Sostenuto
67
Soft pedal
Soft pedal
91
Effects 1
(1)
92
Effects 2
(2)
93
Effects 3
(3)
117
( key on )
(4)
118
( key off )
(4)
120
All sound off
121
Reset all controllers
0-31
0-31
(1)
**********
0-31
o
o
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
o
x
x
x
o
o
o
o
x
x
On common MIDI channel is interpreted as reverb depth .
On section
MIDI channel is interpreted as reverb send .
On common MIDI channel is interpreted as effect rate.
On common MIDI channel is interpreted as effect depth.
On section
MIDI channel is interpreted as effect send .
On common
MIDI channel are interpreted as GENERALMUSIC special Control Changes. See
following table.
Cn xx (0≤ ‘xx’ ≤ 31) is recognized on section MIDI channels ‘n’ as program change.
Cn xx (0≤ ‘xx’ ≤ 63) is recognized on common MIDI channel ‘n’ as performance change.
o: Yes x: No
Generalmusic PRO 1/PRO 2
Page ii
GENERALMUSIC Special Control Changes
PRO EXP KEYS selection
Bn 75 00
Bn 75 01
Bn 75 02
Bn 75 03
Bn 75 04
Bn 75 05
Bn 75 06
Bn 75 07
Bn 75 08
Bn 75 09
Bn 75 0A
Bn 75 0B
Bn 75 0C
Bn 75 0D
Bn 75 0E
Bn 75 0F
Bn 75 10
Bn 75 11
Bn 75 12
Bn 75 13
Bn 75 14
Bn 75 15
Push key SPLIT
Push key LAYER
Push key TRANSPOSE b
Push key TRANSPOSE #
Push key D
Push key —
Push key VOLUME Push key VOLUME +
Push key REVERB Push key REVERB +
Push key EFFECT Push key EFFECT +
Push key PERF/SOUND Push key PERF/SOUND +
Push key+
Push key Push key PERF
Push key MODE
Push key DSP
Push key STORE
Push key MASTER/MIDI
Push key DEMO
Bn 76 00
Bn 76 01
Bn 76 02
Bn 76 03
Bn 76 04
Bn 76 05
Bn 76 06
Bn 76 07
Bn 76 08
Bn 76 09
Bn 76 0A
Bn 76 0B
Bn 76 0C
Bn 76 0D
Bn 76 0E
Bn 76 0F
Bn 76 10
Bn 76 11
Bn 76 12
Bn 76 13
Bn 76 14
Bn 76 15
Release key SPLIT
Release key LAYER
Release key TRANSPOSE b
Release key TRANSPOSE #
Release key D
Release key —
Release key VOLUME Release key VOLUME +
Release key REVERB Release key REVERB +
Release key EFFECT Release key EFFECT +
Release key PERF/SOUND Release key PERF/SOUND +
Release key +
Release key Release key PERF
Release key MODE
Release key DSP
Release key STORE
Release key MASTER/MIDI
Release key DEMO
PRO EXP EFFECTS selection
Bn 0C 00
Bn 0C 01
Bn 0C 02
Bn 0C 03
Reverb OFF
Reverb ROOM
Reverb STAGE
Reverb HALL
Bn 0D 00
Bn 0D 01
Bn 0D 02
Bn 0D 03
Generalmusic PRO 1/PRO 2
DSP Effects OFF
DSP Effects CHORUS
DSP Effects TREMOLO
DSP Effects PHASER
Page iii
Sound table
PC
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
Sound
Piano1
Piano2
ElGrand1
Rhodex1
Wurlitz1
DxPiano1
Clavin.1
Vibes
Harpsi1
Organ1
Pipe1
Strings
Choir
MuteSynt
StrBell
A.Bass
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
RockPian
HonkyTnk
ElGrand2
Rhodex2
Wurlitz2
DxPiano2
SynClavi
Marimb
Harpsi2
Organ2
Pipe2
AtkStrin
AtkChoir
SlowSynt
SlowBell
E.Bass
Generalmusic PRO 1/PRO 2
Page iv
Performance table
Performance
GrandP
Shepherd Moods
Scrap Metal
Tone Grit
80’s Ballad
Pop Piano
Early 70’s
Lounge Lizard
Piano/Pad1
Piano/Pad2
Piano/Pad3
îano/Pad4
Piano/Strings1
Piano/Strings2
Piano/Choir1
Piano/Choir2
Electric Grand
Electric/Stack2
Electric/Stack3
Electric/Stack4
Electric/Stack5
Electric/Stack6
Electric/Stack7
Electric/Stack8
Rhodex1
Rhodex2
Rhodex3
Rhodex4
Rhodex5
Thin/Choir
Rhodex/Pad
Super Rhodex
Bank/N.
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
PC
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Sound comb.
Piano1
Piano1, Choir
ElGrand1, Rhodex2
Clavin1, Clavin1
DxPiano, ElGrand1
ElGrand1, StrBell
Rhodex2, Wurlitz1
Piano2, A.Bass
Piano1, MuteSynt
Piano1, StrBell
Piano1, SlowSynt
Piano1, SlowBell
Piano1, Strings
Piano1, AtkStri
Piano1, Choir
Piano1, AtkChoir
ElGrand2
ElGrand1, Clavin1
ElGrand2, Rhodex1
ElGrand2, DxPîano1
ElGrand1, DxPiano2
ElGrand2, Wurlitz1
ElGrand1, SlowBell
ElGrand1, Vibes
Rhodex1
Rhodex1
Rhodex2
Rhodex1
DxPiano1, Rhodex1
Rhodex2, Choir
Rhodex1, MuteSynt
Rhodex1, Rhodex2
Mode
Single
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Split
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Single
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Single
Single
Single
Single
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Performance
Wurlytz1
Wurlytz2
Wurly/Stack1
Wurly/Stack2
Wurly/Stack3
Wurly/Stack4
Wurly/Stack5
Wurly/Stack6
Dx/ThinPiano1
Dx/ThinPiano2
Dx/ThinPiano3
Dx/ThinPiano4
Dx/Layer1
Dx/Layer2
Dx/Layer3
MixedThin
Clavinet
Clavinet/Phase
Clavinet/Stack1
Clavinet/Stack3
Strings
Barock
Chiffer Pad
Warm Pad
BigPad1
BigPad2
BigPad3
Hammond1
Hammond2
Hammond3
Church1
Church21
Generalmusic PRO 1/PRO 2
Page v
Bank/N.
E1
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
G1
G2
G3
G4
G5
G6
G7
G8
H1
H2
H3
H4
H5
H6
H7
H8
PC
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Sound comb.
Wurlitz1
Wurlitz1
Wurlitz1, DxPiano2
Wurlitz1, Rhodex1
Wurlitz1, Rhodex2
Wurlitz2, ElGrand1
Wurlitz2, DxPiano2
Wurlitz1, E.Bass
DxPiano1
DxPiano1, DxPiano1
DxPiano1, DxPiano2
DxPiano2, Rhodex2
DxPiano1, MuteSynt
DxPiano1, Strings
DxPiano1, Choir
DxPiano2, Vibes
Clavin1
Clavin1
Clavin1, Harpsi1
Clavin1, SynClavi
Strings, MuteSynt
Harpsi2, Strings
StrBell, Choir
SlowSynt, Strings
Choir, StrBell
SlowBell, Strings
Pipe1, SlowBell
Organ1
Organ1, Organ2
Organ1, Pipe
Pipe1, ExtBk
Pipe1,Pipe2
Mode
Single
Single
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Single
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Single
Single
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
Single
Layer
Layer
Layer
Layer
RACK ASSEMBLY
Generalmusic PRO 1/PRO 2
Page vi
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this instrument does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the instrument off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
-
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications to this product not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s
authority to operate this product.
Stock Code 271107
Specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
Specifiche soggette a cambiamento senza preavviso.
Les spécifications sont sujettes à modifications sans préavis.
Änderungen -auch ohne Vorankündigung- sind vorbehalten
Specificaties kunnen worden gewijzigd zonder enige
waarschuwing vooraf
Especificaciones sujetas a cambios sin aviso previo.
Specifikationer kan ændres uden forudgående varsel
PRINTED IN ITALY
GENERALMUSIC S.p.A.
Sales Division: I -47048 S.Giovanni in Marignano (RN) - Italy – Via delle Rose, 12 Tel. +39 541 959511 –
fax +39 541 957404 – tlx 550555 GMUSIC I – Internet: http://www.generalmusic.com
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