2005 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. This manual should be

2005 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. This manual should be
05/12/08 11:25:20 31GET640_001
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the scooter and should remain with
the scooter when it is resold.
This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda
Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match your vehicle.
2005 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
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2006
Honda CHF50/S
Metropolitan
OWNER’S MANUAL
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Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
scooter.
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
Your Honda is designed for on road use
by one rider only.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your scooter and how it works. To
protect your investment, we urge you to
take responsibility for keeping your
scooter well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
Introduction
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
05/12/08 11:25:40 31GET640_004
Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 189 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important production information.
Introduction
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A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this scooter safely is
an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a scooter. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the scooter.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
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A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Scooter Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this scooter correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
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Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Scooter Safety ..................................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your scooter.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 13
The location and function of indicators
and controls on your scooter and
operating instructions for various
controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 29
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your scooter are ready to
ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 43
How to start and stop the engine, and
use the brakes. Also, includes riding
precautions and important information
about riding with cargo.
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Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 65
Why your scooter needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 137
How to store and transport your scooter
and how to be an environmentallyresponsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 145
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 165
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 185
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 194
Table of Contents ............................... 196
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 200
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
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Scooter Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
scooter safely. Please take a few moments
to read these pages. This section also
includes a special message for parents and
information about the location of safety
labels on your scooter.
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Important Message to Parents .................. 5
Accessories & Modifications ................... 9
Safety Labels .......................................... 11
Scooter Safety
1
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Important Safety Information
Your scooter can provide many years of
service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider most important.
2
Scooter Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet. We also recommend
that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots,
gloves, and other protective gear (page
30 ).
Never Carry a Passenger
Your scooter is designed for one person
only. There are no handholds, footrests, or
seat for a second person−so never carry a
passenger. A passenger could interfere
with your ability to move around to
maintain your balance and control of the
scooter.
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Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Because many accidents involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a certified course
approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 32 .
Ride Defensively
The most frequent scooter collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
scooter. Another common situation is a car
moving suddenly into your lane.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your
new scooter (USA only).
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see scooters because
they are not looking for them. To make
yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Scooter Safety
3
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Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
scooter accidents. Never ride beyond your
personal abilities or faster than conditions
warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, and inattention can significantly
reduce your ability to make good
judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Scooter Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your scooter
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your scooter before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 38 ), and
do not modify your scooter (page 10) or
install accessories that would make your
scooter unsafe (page 9 ).
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Important Message to Parents
In certain states, it may be legal for a
young person to operate this scooter. If it
is permissible in your area and you plan to
allow a young person to operate this
scooter, we urge you to read this message.
Your child’s safety is very important to
Honda.
Riding a scooter can be fun. But, as with
riding a bicycle, bad judgment can result
in injury, and we don’t want that to
happen! As a parent, you can help prevent
accidents by making good decisions about
if, when, and how your youngster rides
this scooter.
Riding Readiness
The first decision you’ll need to make is
whether your youngster is ready to ride.
Riding readiness varies widely from one
person to another, and age and size are not
the only factors.
PHYSICAL ABILITY is an important
consideration. For example, riders must be
big enough to hold the scooter up, get on,
and comfortably sit on the seat with both
feet touching the ground. They should also
be able to easily reach and work the brakes,
throttle, and all other controls.
Scooter Safety
5
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Important Message to Parents
ATHLETIC ABILITY is necessary for
riding a scooter. Generally speaking, your
youngster should be good at riding a
bicycle before getting on a scooter. Can
your youngster judge speeds and distances
while riding a bicycle and react with
proper hand and foot actions? Anyone
who does not have good coordination,
balance, and agility is not ready to ride
this scooter.
6
Scooter Safety
MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL
MATURITY are requirements for safe
riding. Does your youngster think through
problems and come to logical solutions?
On a bicycle, does your youngster obey
safe riding rules? Be honest! Young
people who take unnecessary risks, make
bad judgments, and don’t obey rules are
not ready to ride this scooter.
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Important Message to Parents
Instruction and Supervision
If you decide that your youngster is ready
to safely operate this scooter, make sure
both of you carefully read and understand
the owner’s manual before riding. Also be
sure that your youngster has a helmet and
other appropriate riding equipment and
always wears it when operating the
vehicle or sitting on it.
GOOD INSTRUCTION is an important
part of hands-on training. The teacher can
either be you or another responsible adult
who has experience riding. (For help in
finding a qualified instructor, talk with
your Honda dealer.) Even if you’re not the
main teacher, it’s up to you to ensure your
youngster’s safety. Remember, learning to
ride a scooter is a gradual, step-by-step
process. It takes time, patience, and
practice−many hours over a period of
weeks or months.
Scooter Safety
7
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Important Message to Parents
SUPERVISION is another important
obligation of parents. Even after
youngsters have become skilled riders,
they should always ride with adult
supervision. It helps to regularly remind
young riders of basic safety rules and
precautions. And remember, it’s your
responsibility to see that the scooter is
properly maintained and kept in safe
operating condition.
8
Scooter Safety
SAFE AND RESPONSIBLE RIDING
must be an on-going commitment−by
you and your youngster. When you both
put safety first, you can enjoy more peace
of mind, and your youngster can enjoy
more hours of safe riding.
05/12/08 11:27:34 31GET640_018
Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your scooter or using nonHonda accessories can make your scooter
unsafe. Before you consider making any
modifications or adding an accessory, be
sure to read the following information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
genuine Honda accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
scooter. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Scooter Safety
9
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Accessories & Modifications
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the scooter’s electrical
system capacity (page 172 ). A blown
fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine
power (page 158 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
scooter. This scooter was not designed
for these attachments, and their use can
seriously impair your scooter’s handling.
Do not install any fairing or windshield
unless it was designed and tested by
Honda for your scooter. Some fairings
or windshields, even smaller ones, can
cause unstable handling of your scooter.
This is especially true if the fairing or
windshield is poorly designed or
improperly mounted.
10
Scooter Safety
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your scooter
in any way that would change its design or
operation. Such changes could seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, stability,
and braking, making it unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
scooter illegal.
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Safety Labels
Safety labels on your scooter either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious
injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t
remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Scooter Safety
11
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Safety Labels
12
Scooter Safety
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Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
scooter.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ........... 14
Gauges & Indicators ............................... 17
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 20
Start Button ......................................... 22
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 22
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 23
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 23
Horn Button ........................................ 24
Rear Brake Lock................................. 24
Seat Lock ............................................ 26
Center Stand Lock .............................. 27
Instruments & Controls
13
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Operation Component Locations
rear brake lock lever
rear brake lever
front brake lever
throttle grip
headlight
dimmer switch
engine stop switch
start button
turn signal switch
horn button
ignition switch
front hook
14
Instruments & Controls
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Operation Component Locations
center compartment
Instruments & Controls
15
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Operation Component Locations
helmet holder
kickstarter
16
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges & Indicators
The gauges and indicators on your scooter
keep you informed, alert you to possible
problems, and make your riding safer and
more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges and
indicators frequently. Their functions are
described on the following pages.
(1)
(1) speedometer
(2) turn signal indicator
(3) high beam indicator
(4) fuel gauge
(5) coolant temperature indicator
(6) odometer
USA: Odometer reads in miles.
Canada: Odometer reads in kilometers.
(2)
(6)
(5)
(3)
(4)
Instruments & Controls
17
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Gauges & Indicators
Lamp Check
When applicable, the high beam indicator
comes on when you turn the ignition
switch ON and remains on until you select
the low beam.
If this indicator does not come on when it
should, have your Honda dealer check for
a burned-out bulb or other problems.
18
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges & Indicators
1
2
3
4
speedometer
turn signal indicator
(amber)
high beam indicator
(blue)
fuel gauge
5
coolant temperature
indicator (red)
6
odometer
Shows riding speed in miles or kilometers per hour.
Flashes when either turn signal operates.
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
Shows the approximate fuel supply available. At F
(Full), the fuel tank capacity including reserve is:
1.32 US gal (5.0 )
When the gauge needle first points to the red dot,
refill the tank as soon as possible. With the needle
on the red dot there is:
0.32 US gal (1.2 )
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See pages 156 − 157 for
instructions and cautions. When this indicator is lit,
the vehicle speed will be automatically restricted.
Shows the total miles ridden.
Instruments & Controls
19
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Controls & Features
Ignition Switch
The ignition switch is used for starting and
stopping the engine (page 45 ), opening
the seat (page 26 ), and locking the
steering to prevent theft (page 61 ). Insert
the key and turn it to the right for the
SEAT or ON position. Push down on the
key and turn it to the left to the LOCK
(steering lock) position.
To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.
20
Instruments & Controls
Key Position
ON
SEAT
OFF
LOCK
(steering
lock)
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
Seat can be
opened.
No electrical
circuits function.
No electrical
circuits function.
Allows the steering
head to be locked.
05/12/08 11:29:27 31GET640_030
Controls & Features
FRONT
SEAT
ON
OFF
(1)
LOCK
(1) ignition switch
Instruments & Controls
21
05/12/08 11:29:37 31GET640_031
Controls & Features
Start Button
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 46 .
The starter motor will not operate if the
engine stop switch is in the OFF position
when the start button is pushed.
The electric starter will only work when
the brake lever is pulled in.
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
22
Instruments & Controls
05/12/08 11:29:45 31GET640_032
Controls & Features
If your scooter is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine stop switch
OFF, the taillight and license light will
remain on, resulting in battery discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking.
Remember to return the switch to the
center (off) after completing your turn or
lane change.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
Instruments & Controls
HI
LO
23
05/12/08 11:30:04 31GET640_033
Controls & Features
Horn Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
Rear Brake Lock
Be sure the rear brake is applied while
starting and warming up the engine.
The rear brake lock will not function if the
rear brake is not adjusted properly (page
115 ).
To Apply the Brake Lock
Squeeze the rear brake lever ( 1 ) and set
the brake lock lever ( 2 ).
The rear brake lock will not be applied if
the rear brake is not adjusted properly
(page 115 ).
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
〈To apply〉
(1) rear brake lever
24
Instruments & Controls
(2) brake lock lever
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Controls & Features
To Release the Brake Lock
Squeeze the rear brake lever.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(2)
Before riding, make sure that the rear
brake is fully released so there is no drag
on the rear wheel.
(1)
〈To release〉
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
Instruments & Controls
25
05/12/08 11:30:20 31GET640_035
Controls & Features
BELOW HANDLEBAR
Seat Lock
(1)
The seat lock is in the ignition switch on
the right side below the handlebar.
To open the seat, insert the ignition key
( 1 ) and push in the position of SEAT to
unlock.
To lock the seat, lower and push down on
it until it locks. Make sure the seat is
securely closed before riding.
(1) ignition key
26
Instruments & Controls
SEAT
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Controls & Features
UNDER SEAT
Center Stand Lock
Set the stand lock when the scooter is on
its center stand.
LOCK
To Lock the Center Stand
1. Place the scooter on its center stand and
open the seat (page 26).
2. Turn the lock lever (1) to ‘‘LOCK.’’
3. Lower and push down on the seat until
it locks.
UNLOCK
To Unlock the Center Stand
Turning the lock lever from ‘‘LOCK’’ to
‘‘UNLOCK’’ unlocks the center stand.
(1)
(1) lock lever
Instruments & Controls
27
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28
Instruments & Controls
05/12/08 11:30:39 31GET640_038
Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your scooter, and adjustments to make for
your comfort, convenience, or safety. This
section also includes important
information about loading.
If you’re a parent, be sure you also read
the Important Message to Parents on
page 5 .
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 30
Protective Apparel .............................. 30
Rider Training .................................... 32
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride? .......... 34
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 34
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 37
Loading ............................................... 37
Load Limits ........................................ 38
Loading Guidelines ............................ 39
Cargo Compartments.............................. 40
Center Compartment .......................... 40
Front Hook.......................................... 41
Before Riding
29
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Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your scooter for the first
time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
30
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
05/12/08 11:30:59 31GET640_040
Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you always wear a helmet,
eye protection, and other
protective apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
31
05/12/08 11:31:13 31GET640_041
Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your scooter.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other scooters, take time to become
familiar with how this scooter works and
handles. Practice riding the scooter in a
safe area to build your skills. Do not ride
in traffic until you get accustomed to the
scooter’s controls, and feel comfortable
with its size and weight.
32
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a certified
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should
start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information about
the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number: (800) 4469227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
scooter (USA only).
05/12/08 11:31:18 31GET640_042
Are You Ready to Ride?
ALWAYS wear a helmet.
You should also wear a face shield or goggles.
Clothes should be close-fitting.
Wear gloves.
Wear bright or reflective clothing.
Boots should be close-fitting, have low heels and offer ankle
protection.
Before Riding
33
05/12/08 11:31:25 31GET640_043
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your scooter and make sure any problem
you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the scooter:
Tires &
Wheels
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
34
Before Riding
Look at the tires. If a tire
appears low, use an air
pressure gauge to check its
pressure. Also look for
signs of excessive wear
(page 120 ) or damage to
the tires and wheels.
05/12/08 11:31:33 31GET640_044
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
Walk around your scooter
and look for anything that
appears unusual, such as a
leak or loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
If you are carrying cargo, also check the
following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 38 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Before Riding
35
05/12/08 11:31:47 31GET640_045
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
scooter:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the front and rear
brake levers to check that
they operate normally.
Indicators
36
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the gauges and
indicators (page 17 ).
Before Riding
If you haven’t ridden the scooter in over a
week, you should also check other items,
such as the oil level and other fluids. See
Periodic Maintenance (page 72 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
05/12/08 11:31:53 31GET640_046
Load Limits & Guidelines
Your scooter has been designed to carry
you and limited amount of cargo. When
you add cargo, you may feel some
difference during acceleration and braking.
But so long as you keep your scooter wellmaintained, with good tires and brakes,
you can safely carry loads within the
given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, braking,
and stability. Non-Honda accessories,
improper modifications, and poor
maintenance can also reduce your safety
margin.
Loading
How much weight you put on your scooter,
and how you load it, are important to your
safety. Anytime you ride with cargo, you
should be aware of the following
information.
Overloading or carrying a
passenger can cause a crash and
you can be seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
Before Riding
37
05/12/08 11:32:04 31GET640_047
Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
Following are the load limits for your
scooter:
maximum weight capacity:
277 lbs (126 kg)
includes the weight of the rider, all
cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
25 lbs (11.5 kg)
includes following maximum
compartment weights:
front hook:
3 lbs (1.5 kg)
center
compartment:
22 lbs (10 kg)
38
Before Riding
front hook;
weight limit − 3 lbs (1.5 kg)
center compartment;
weight limit − 22 lbs (10 kg)
05/12/08 11:32:11 31GET640_048
Load Limits & Guidelines
Loading Guidelines
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 9 .
Improperly loading your scooter can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your scooter is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds whenever
carrying cargo.
Do not attach cargo to the rear grip.
Before Riding
39
05/12/08 11:32:26 31GET640_049
Cargo Compartments
The center compartment ( 1 ) is designed to
carry up to 22 lbs (10 kg).
The center compartment may become
heated by the engine. Do not store food
and other articles which are flammable or
susceptible to heat damage in this
compartment.
However, regardless of compartment
capacity, be sure you do not exceed the
maximum load and cargo weight limits.
Do not direct water under pressure against
the center compartment as water will be
forced into the compartment.
To Open the Center Compartment
Place the scooter on its center stand and
open the seat (page 26 ).
UNDER SEAT
Center Compartment
(1)
To Close the Center Compartment
Lower and push down on the seat until it
locks.
Make sure the seat is securely closed
before riding.
40
Before Riding
(1) center compartment
05/12/08 11:32:33 31GET640_050
Cargo Compartments
BELOW HANDLEBAR
Front Hook
(1)
The front hook ( 1 ) may be used to hang a
small shopping bag. Do not carry more
than the maximum weight limit.
maximum weight limit:
3 lbs (1.5 kg)
Do not attach a large bag or other item that
can interfere with the movement of your
feet.
(1) front hook
Before Riding
41
05/12/08 11:32:36 31GET640_051
42
Before Riding
05/12/08 11:32:41 31GET640_052
Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle and
brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 175 ).
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 44
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 45
Preparation .......................................... 45
Starting Procedure .............................. 46
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 50
Riding...................................................... 51
Braking ................................................... 58
Parking .................................................... 60
Riding with Cargo .................................. 64
To protect the catalytic converter in your
scooter’s exhaust system, avoid extended
idling and the use of leaded gasoline.
Basic Operation & Riding
43
05/12/08 11:32:53 31GET640_053
Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your scooter for the first
time, please review the Scooter Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on page
29 .
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your scooter.
44
Basic Operation & Riding
05/12/08 11:33:01 31GET640_054
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your scooter’s exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can
collect rapidly in an enclosed area and
cause illness or death.
This scooter has an automatic fuel valve
and choke; there is no manual operation.
Do not use the electric starter for more
than 5 seconds at a time. Release the start
button for approximately 10 seconds
before pressing it again.
Operate the kickstarter or start button for
slightly longer than usual without opening
the throttle if the scooter has been left
standing for a long time or when the fuel
tank has just been refilled.
Preparation
Before starting, turn the center stand lock
lever from LOCK to UNLOCK (page 27 ),
insert the key in the ignition switch, turn
the ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
Basic Operation & Riding
45
05/12/08 11:33:09 31GET640_055
Starting & Stopping the Engine
LEFT HANDLEBAR
Starting Procedure
(2)
1. Place the scooter on its center stand.
2. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever ( 1 ) and setting the
brake lock lever ( 2 ).
(1)
Contact with the spinning rear
wheel can cause you to be hurt.
Set the parking brake when the
scooter is on its center stand.
The electric starter will only work when
the brake lever is pulled in.
46
Basic Operation & Riding
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
05/12/08 11:33:17 31GET640_056
Starting & Stopping the Engine
3. Make sure the engine stop switch is at
RUN.
4. Turn the ignition switch ( 3 ) ON.
5. With the throttle closed, push the start
button ( 4 ). Release the start button as
soon as the engine starts.
BELOW HANDLEBAR
ON
CLOSED
(3)
PUSH
(4)
(3) ignition switch
(4) start button
Basic Operation & Riding
47
05/12/08 11:33:33 31GET640_057
Starting & Stopping the Engine
6. Be sure to keep the throttle ( 5 ) closed
and the rear brake locked while starting
and warming up the engine.
7. Allow the engine to warm up before
riding (see Riding, page 51 ).
To Start the Engine Without Electric Starter
1. Follow steps 1−4.
2. With the throttle closed, operate the
kickstarter with a rapid, continuous
motion.
Do not ‘‘blip’’ (rapidly open and close)
the throttle. This action may cause the
scooter to move forward suddenly.
Allowing the kickstarter to snap back
freely against the pedal stop can damage
the engine case.
Raise the kickstarter pedal after the
kickstarter lever is returned to the stop.
CLOSED
(5)
(5) throttle
48
Basic Operation & Riding
05/12/08 11:33:39 31GET640_058
Starting & Stopping the Engine
If You Cannot Restart a Warm Engine
1. Place the scooter on its center stand,
squeeze the rear brake lever, and set the
rear brake lock (page 24 ).
2. Open the throttle ( 1 ) 1/8 − 1/4 turn
while starting the engine.
1/4
1/8
(1)
(1) throttle
Basic Operation & Riding
49
05/12/08 11:33:47 31GET640_059
Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, turn the ignition switch
OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your scooter is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine stop switch
OFF, the headlight and taillight will
remain on, resulting in battery discharge.
50
Basic Operation & Riding
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
05/12/08 11:33:56 31GET640_060
Riding
1. To prevent unexpected movement,
make sure the throttle is closed and the
rear brake is locked (page 24 ) before
moving the scooter off its center stand.
(1)
2. Stand on the left side of the scooter and
push it forward and off the center stand.
CLOSED
(2)
(3)
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
(3) throttle
Basic Operation & Riding
51
05/12/08 11:34:10 31GET640_061
Riding
3. Mount the scooter from the left side,
keeping at least one foot on the ground
to steady the scooter.
4. To unlock the rear wheel, squeeze the
rear brake lever ( 1 ) until the brake lock
lever (2) releases.
(2)
(1)
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
52
Basic Operation & Riding
05/12/08 11:34:19 31GET640_062
Riding
5. Before starting off, indicate your
direction with the turn signals, and
check for safe traffic conditions. Grasp
the handlebars firmly with both hands.
6. To accelerate, open the throttle ( 3 )
gradually. The scooter will move
forward.
Do not blip (rapidly open and close) the
throttle as the scooter will move forward
suddenly.
7. To decelerate, close the throttle.
CLOSED
OPEN
(3)
(3) throttle
Basic Operation & Riding
53
05/12/08 11:34:25 31GET640_063
Riding
8. To slow the scooter, reduce the throttle
( 3 ) and apply the front and rear brakes
( 4 ) together.
Using only one brake reduces stopping
performance. Excessive brake
application may cause either wheel to
lock, reducing control of the scooter.
CLOSED
(3)
(3) throttle
(4)
(4) front and rear brakes
54
Basic Operation & Riding
05/12/08 11:34:33 31GET640_064
Riding
9. When approaching a corner or turn,
slow the scooter by closing the throttle
( 3 ) fully and applying both the front
( 5 ) and rear ( 6 ) brakes at the same
time.
10. After completing a turn, open the
throttle gradually to accelerate the
scooter.
CLOSED
(3)
(6)
(3) throttle
(5) front brake
(5)
(6) rear brake
Basic Operation & Riding
55
05/12/08 11:34:45 31GET640_065
Riding
11. When descending a steep grade, close
the throttle ( 3 ) fully and apply both the
front ( 5 ) and rear ( 6 ) brakes to slow
the scooter.
Avoid continued use of the brakes,
which may cause the brakes to overheat
and reduce braking efficiency.
CLOSED
(6)
(5)
(3)
(3) throttle
56
(5) front brake
Basic Operation & Riding
(6) rear brake
05/12/08 11:34:49 31GET640_066
Riding
12. When riding in wet or rainy conditions
or loose surfaces, the ability to
maneuver and stop is reduced. For your
safety:
Exercise extreme caution when
braking, accelerating, or turning.
Ride at slower speeds and allow for
extra stopping distance.
Keep the scooter as upright as
possible.
Use extreme caution when riding
over slippery surface such as railroad
tracks, iron plates, manhole covers,
painted lines, etc.
Basic Operation & Riding
57
05/12/08 11:34:55 31GET640_067
Braking
Your scooter is equipped with a Linked
Braking System. Operating the front brake
lever applies the front brake. Operating
the rear brake lever applies the rear brake
and a portion of the front brake. For full
braking effectiveness, use the front and
rear brake levers simultaneously.
As with a conventional scooter braking
system, excessively hard application of the
brake controls may cause wheel lock,
reducing control of the scooter.
As a general rule, the front braking system
provides about 70 percent of total stopping
power.
58
Basic Operation & Riding
To slow or stop, apply the front and rear
brake levers smoothly.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed.
For support, before coming to a complete
stop, put your left foot down first, then
your right foot down.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your scooter. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
05/12/08 11:35:03 31GET640_068
Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your scooter.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 32 ) to retain these skills.
your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade, use
both brakes intermittently. Continuous
brake application can overheat the brakes
and reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your hand on either brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a
false indication to other drivers. It may
also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control. For
Basic Operation & Riding
59
05/12/08 11:35:11 31GET640_069
Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the center stand.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your scooter. Refer to Catalytic
Converter, page 181 .
If you must park on a hill, position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
2. Use the center stand and center stand
lock (page 27 ) to support the scooter
while parked.
To lower the center stand, stand on
the left side of the scooter. Hold the
left handle grip and rear grip. Press
down on the tip of the stand with
60
Basic Operation & Riding
your right foot and, simultaneously,
pull up and back.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the stand
for support.
USE CENTER STAND
05/12/08 11:35:24 31GET640_070
Parking
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the
handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left. Push in on the
ignition key ( 1 ) and turn it to LOCK.
Remove the key.
(To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.)
LOCK STEERING
To lock
(1)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(A)
To unlock
(1) ignition key
(A) push in
(B) turn to LOCK
(C) turn to UNLOCK
Basic Operation & Riding
61
05/12/08 11:35:33 31GET640_071
Parking
4. Use the helmet holder ( 2 ), located on
the left side below the seat, to secure
your helmet with your scooter:
Open the seat (page 26 ).
Hang your helmet on the holder.
Lower the seat to lock.
UNDER SEAT
(2)
To remove a helmet, open the seat
(page 26 ). Remove the helmet from the
helmet holder. Lower and push down on
the seat until it locks. Make sure the
seat is securely closed before riding.
(2) helmet holder
62
Basic Operation & Riding
05/12/08 11:35:41 31GET640_072
Parking
Theft-Prevention Tips
Park your scooter in a locked garage
whenever possible. If a garage isn’t
available, park in a concealed area or in
a well-lit area with enough pedestrian
traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 61 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked scooter to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a scooter to a secure
object.
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your scooter. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your scooter is stolen and recovered.
Basic Operation & Riding
63
05/12/08 11:35:46 31GET640_073
Riding with Cargo
Your scooter is designed for use by one
rider only. Whenever you add cargo, you
must be careful not to exceed the total
load limits for this vehicle (Load Limits,
page 38 ). Make sure your cargo is
properly secured (Loading Guidelines,
page 39 ).
Be aware that carrying heavy cargo can
affect acceleration, braking, and handling.
64
Basic Operation & Riding
05/12/08 11:36:01 31GET640_074
Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your scooter in good shape,
this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 176 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 68
Maintenance Safety ................................ 69
Important Safety Precautions ............. 70
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 72
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 74
Maintenance Record............................... 79
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 158 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
65
05/12/08 11:36:13 31GET640_075
Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations ...... 81
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 84
Maintenance Lid Removal ..................... 85
Plug Maintenance Lid Removal............. 86
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 87
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen................. 90
Coolant.................................................. 100
Air Cleaner ........................................... 104
Crankcase Breather .............................. 106
Engine
Throttle ................................................. 107
Engine Idle Speed................................. 109
Spark Plug............................................. 111
66
Servicing Your Honda
Chassis
Brakes ................................................... 114
Tires ...................................................... 118
Electrical
Battery................................................... 125
Appearance Care .................................. 130
05/12/08 11:36:27 31GET640_076
Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your scooter. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your scooter’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
34
Periodic Maintenance
72
Maintenance Schedule
74
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your scooter
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
An optional tool kit may be available. Check with your Honda dealer’s parts department.
Servicing Your Honda
67
05/12/08 11:36:39 31GET640_077
The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained scooter will also help
to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your scooter before each ride, perform the
periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your scooter overturns or is involved in
a crash, be sure your Honda dealer
inspects all major parts, even if you are
able to make some repairs.
68
Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:36:46 31GET640_078
Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
69
05/12/08 11:36:54 31GET640_079
Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot scooter parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool before
touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
70
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the scooter from falling
over, park it on a firm, level surface,
using the center stand to provide
support.
Be sure the rear brake lock is set before
running the engine while the scooter is
supported by the center stand. This will
prevent the rear wheel from spinning
and avoid the possibility of someone
being injured from contacting the wheel.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
05/12/08 11:36:58 31GET640_080
Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. To ensure the best
quality and reliability, use only new
genuine Honda parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual (page
186 ).
Servicing Your Honda
71
05/12/08 11:37:02 31GET640_081
Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 74 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 34 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your scooter, or as often as once a
week if you ride frequently or for long
distances. It’s a good idea to perform this
maintenance any time you clean your
scooter.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 74 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
72
Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:37:23 31GET640_082
Periodic Maintenance
Tires &
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 118 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 120 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 120 ). Roll your scooter so you can inspect the entire
surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 94 ) and coolant (page 101 ).
Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any
low fluid level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the front and rear brake levers (page 114 ), and
throttle grip.
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
73
05/12/08 11:37:28 31GET640_083
Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your scooter serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your scooter serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
74
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 186 ).
05/12/08 11:37:35 31GET640_084
Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only genuine
Honda parts or their equivalents for repair
or replacement to ensure the best quality
and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 34 )
and owner maintenance (page 76 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 186 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
75
05/12/08 11:37:49 31GET640_085
Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden often at full throttle or in the rain.
4. Replace every 2 years.
Replacement requires mechanical skill.
76
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
05/12/12 10:15:39 31GET640_086
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
NOTE
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
CRANKCASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUG
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL STRAINER
SCREEN
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
2
3
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
7.5
0.6
2.5
5
12
1.0
4
8
I
I
I
I
R
C
C
C
R
EVERY 15,000 mi (24,000 km) I
INITIAL = 600mi (1,000km) or 1 month : R
REGULAR = EVERY 2,500mi (4,000km) or
6 months : R
C
× 1,000 mi
× 1,000 km
I
I
I
Refer to
page
−
−
105
106
111
−
94
I
4
I
I
98
109
101
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 186 ).
Servicing Your Honda
77
05/12/12 10:15:51 31GET640_087
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
NON-EMISSION RELATED
ITEMS
ITEM
*
**
78
NOTE
BRAKE SHOES WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKE LOCK OPERATION
*
HEADLIGHT AIM
*
** CLUTCH SHOES WEAR
SUSPENSION
*
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
*
** WHEELS/TIRES
** STEERING HEAD BEARINGS
× 1,000 mi
× 1,000 km
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
0.6
2.5
5
7.5
1.0
4
8
12
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
117
114
24
−
−
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 186 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:38:26 31GET640_088
Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your scooter is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the scooter
is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the scooter to the new owner. Make sure
whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance,
including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner
operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record
anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600
(1,000)
2,500
(4,000)
5,000
(8,000)
7,500
(12,000)
10,000
(16,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
79
05/12/08 11:38:34 31GET640_089
Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
12,500
(20,000)
15,000
(24,000)
17,500
(28,000)
20,000
(32,000)
22,500
(36,000)
25,000
(40,000)
27,500
(44,000)
30,000
(48,000)
80
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
05/12/08 11:38:39 31GET640_090
Maintenance Component Locations
front brake lever
rear brake lever
throttle grip
Servicing Your Honda
81
05/12/08 11:38:44 31GET640_091
Maintenance Component Locations
coolant reserve tank
battery
fuse box
owner’s manual
engine oil filler cap/dipstick
82
Servicing Your Honda
fuel fill cap
05/12/08 11:38:48 31GET640_092
Maintenance Component Locations
engine idle speed
air cleaner
crankcase
breather tube
spark plug
engine oil drain bolt
Servicing Your Honda
83
05/12/08 11:39:00 31GET640_093
Owner’s Manual Storage
Your scooter provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag ( 1 ) in the center
compartment under the seat.
INSIDE CENTER COMPARTMENT
(1)
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
(1) storage bag
84
Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:39:11 31GET640_094
Maintenance Lid Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
The maintenance lid must be removed to
service the coolant, fuse and battery.
UNDER SEAT
Removal
1. Open the seat (page 26 ).
2. Release the tabs (1), then remove the
maintenance lid (2).
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(1)
(2)
(1) tabs
(2) maintenance lid
Servicing Your Honda
85
05/12/08 11:39:19 31GET640_095
Plug Maintenance Lid Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
The plug maintenance lid must be
removed to service the spark plug and
engine idle speed.
(3)
STEPBOARD
(2)
(3) plug maintenance lid
Removal
1. Pull the tab (1) and open the fuel tank
lid (2).
2. Remove the plug maintenance lid (3).
(1)
(1) tab
86
(2) fuel tank lid
Servicing Your Honda
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
05/12/08 11:39:34 31GET640_096
Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel
because it produces fewer engine deposits
and extends the life of exhaust system
components.
The use of leaded gas will damage the
catalytic converter.
Your engine is designed to use any
gasoline that has a pump octane number of
86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service
stations normally display the pump octane
number. For information on the use of
oxygenated fuels, see page 182 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
87
05/12/08 11:39:44 31GET640_097
Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Fuel Capacity
UNDER STEPBOARD
(2)
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
1.32 US gal (5.0 )
(3)
(4)
(1)
(1) tab
(2) fuel tank lid
(3) ignition key
(4) fuel fill cap
1. Pull the tab ( 1 ) and open the fuel tank
lid ( 2 ).
2. Insert the ignition key ( 3 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 4 ) and turn it clockwise.
88
Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:39:52 31GET640_098
Fuel
3. Remove the fuel fill cap ( 4 ) by turning
it counterclockwise.
4. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 5 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
(5)
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
5. After refueling, install the fuel fill cap
by turning it clockwise.
6. Turn the ignition key counterclockwise
and remove it.
7. Close the fuel tank lid.
(5) filler neck
Servicing Your Honda
89
05/12/08 11:39:58 31GET640_099
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 91 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 77 .
90
Servicing Your Honda
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
05/12/08 11:40:10 31GET640_100
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-40
MA or MB
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without
molybdenum additives), or HP4M
(with molybdenum additives) 4stroke oil (USA & Canada), or
Honda 4-stroke oil (Canada only),
or an equivalent motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
Servicing Your Honda
91
05/12/08 11:40:20 31GET640_101
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Your scooter does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication.
NOT RECOMMENDED
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
92
Servicing Your Honda
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
05/12/08 11:40:27 31GET640_102
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
Servicing Your Honda
93
05/12/08 11:40:37 31GET640_103
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
94
Servicing Your Honda
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick ( 1 )
and wipe it clean.
5. Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it
seats, but don’t screw it in.
05/12/08 11:40:53 31GET640_104
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
6. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and
check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
7. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
8. Check for oil leaks.
Changing Engine Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench, as well as a means for disposing
of the drained fluid (page 143 ). If you do
not have the skills or the tools, see your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
95
05/12/08 11:41:01 31GET640_105
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
drain bolt ( 2 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick ( 1 ), crankcase drain bolt
( 2 ), and sealing washer ( 3 ).
RIGHT SIDE
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) crankcase drain bolt
(3) sealing washer
96
Servicing Your Honda
(3)
05/12/08 11:41:13 31GET640_106
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 143 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Check the condition of the sealing
washer on the engine oil drain bolt.
Replace the washer every other time the
oil is changed.
Install the engine oil drain bolt and
tighten it to the specified torque:
18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)
7. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 91 ),
approximately:
0.6 US qt (0.6 )
8. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
9. Lock the rear wheel (page 24 ).
10. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
11. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
12. Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick
(page 94 ).
13. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Servicing Your Honda
97
05/12/08 11:41:30 31GET640_107
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Engine Oil Strainer Screen
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the oil plug ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick ( 2 ), oil plug ( 1 ), spring
( 3 ) and oil strainer screen ( 4 ).
98
Servicing Your Honda
RIGHT SIDE
CRANKCASE
(2)
(1)
(1) oil plug
(2) oil filler cap/dipstick
(3) spring
(4) oil strainer screen
(3)
(4)
05/12/08 11:41:45 31GET640_108
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 143 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Clean the oil strainer screen.
7. Check the oil strainer screen, sealing
rubber, and oil plug O-ring are in good
condition.
8. Install the oil strainer screen, spring,
and oil plug. Tighten the oil plug to the
specified torque:
14 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
9. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 91 ),
approximately:
0.7 US qt (0.7 )
10. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
11. Lock the rear wheel (page 24 ).
12. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
13. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick
(page 94 ).
14. Make sure there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Servicing Your Honda
99
05/12/08 11:42:00 31GET640_109
Coolant
Your scooter’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
100 Servicing Your Honda
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this scooter. This
coolant solution is recommended for most
operating temperatures and provides good
corrosion protection.
05/12/08 11:42:09 31GET640_110
Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
UNDER SEAT
(2)
(3)
(1)
(1) reserve tank
(2) UPPER level mark
(3) LOWER level mark
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
Servicing Your Honda
101
05/12/08 11:42:18 31GET640_111
Coolant
2. Open the seat (page 26 ).
3. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank ( 1 ). It should be
between the UPPER ( 2 ) and LOWER
( 3 ) level marks.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
4. Remove the maintenance lid (page 85 ).
5. Remove the reserve tank cap ( 4 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
102 Servicing Your Honda
UNDER SEAT
(4)
(5)
(4) reserve tank cap
(5) UPPER level mark
6. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
7. Reinstall the reserve tank cap and
maintenance lid.
8. Lower and push down on the seat until
it locks.
05/12/08 11:42:26 31GET640_112
Coolant
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 186 ).
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment, page
143 .
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
Servicing Your Honda
103
05/12/08 11:42:41 31GET640_113
Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your scooter’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine damage.
104 Servicing Your Honda
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
05/12/08 11:42:52 31GET640_114
Air Cleaner
LEFT SIDE
(3)
Replacement
1. Remove the five tapping screws (1) and
remove the air cleaner housing cover
(2).
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(3) air cleaner
(2)
(1) tapping screws
(2) air cleaner housing cover
(1)
2. Remove the air cleaner ( 3 ).
3. Discard the air cleaner.
4. Install a new air cleaner.
5. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
Servicing Your Honda
105
05/12/08 11:43:00 31GET640_115
Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Draining
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your scooter is ridden in the
rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube plug
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube plug ( 1 ).
2. Remove the plug to drain the deposits in
the tube.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube
plug.
106 Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:43:22 31GET640_116
Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
Adjustment
1. Pull back the rubber dust cover ( 1 ).
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 2 ).
3. Turn the adjuster ( 3 ).
4. Tighten the lock nut. Return the dust
cover to its normal position.
5. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
(1)
(3)
(1) rubber dust cover
(2) lock nut
(2)
(3) adjuster
Servicing Your Honda
107
05/12/08 11:43:28 31GET640_117
Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
108 Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:43:44 31GET640_118
Engine Idle Speed
The best way to assure proper carburetion
is to see your Honda dealer for regularly
scheduled servicing, including carburetor
adjustment.
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(−)
(+)
(2)
(1) rubber plug
(2) throttle stop screw
(+) increase
(−) decrease
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with ten minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
Servicing Your Honda
109
05/12/08 11:43:52 31GET640_119
Engine Idle Speed
2. Place your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
3. Remove the plug maintenance lid (page
86 ).
4. Connect a tachometer to the engine.
5. Open the seat (page 26 ) and remove
the rubber plug ( 1 ).
6. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever and setting the lock
lever (page 24 ).
Start the engine.
7. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 2 ).
Idle speed:
2,000 ± 100 rpm
110 Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:44:05 31GET640_120
Spark Plug
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
for cold
climate
(below 5°C,
41°F)
for
extended
high speed
riding
CR8EH-9 (NGK) or
U24FER9 (DENSO)
CR7EH-9 (NGK) or
U22FER9 (DENSO)
Spark Plug Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
1. Remove the plug maintenance lid (page
86 ).
UNDER STEPBOARD
CR9EH-9 (NGK) or
U27FER9 (DENSO)
(1)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
(1) spark plug cap
Servicing Your Honda
111
05/12/08 11:44:20 31GET640_121
Spark Plug
2. Disconnect the spark plug cap ( 1 ).
Take care to avoid damaging the spark
plug wire when disconnecting the cap.
3. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug base.
Using the spark plug wrench, remove
the spark plug.
4. Discard the spark plug.
5. Check the spark plug gap ( 2 ), using a
wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is
necessary, bend the side electrode (3 )
carefully.
The gap should be:
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
(3)
(2)
(2) spark plug gap
(3) side electrode
6. With the plug washer attached, thread
the spark plug in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
112 Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:44:30 31GET640_122
Spark Plug
7. Tighten the spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it
twice to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK:
1/2 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 1 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
8. Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
9. Reinstall the plug maintenance lid.
Servicing Your Honda
113
05/12/08 11:44:37 31GET640_123
Brakes
Mechanically-activated drum braking
systems on your scooter dissipate the heat
generated by the friction of the brake
shoes on the drum as the wheels are
slowed.
Brake Lever Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
(2)
(1) front brake lever
(2) rear brake lever
114 Servicing Your Honda
(1)
05/12/08 11:44:55 31GET640_124
Brakes
Inspection
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Check freeplay by pulling in slowly on
the front brake lever ( 1 ) and rear brake
lever ( 2 ) until each brake starts to
engage.
Freeplay at the tip of the brake levers
should be:
3/8−13/16 in (10−20 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified
range.
Adjustment
1. First, adjust the freeplay of the front
brake lever.
Turn the brake adjusting nut ( 3 ). Make
sure the cut-out on the adjusting nut is
seated on the brake arm pin ( 4 ).
LEFT FRONT
(3)
(−)
(+)
(4)
(3) adjusting nut (+) increase freeplay
(4) arm pin
(−) decrease freeplay
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
115
05/12/08 11:45:06 31GET640_125
Brakes
2. Next, adjust the freeplay of the rear
brake lever.
Turn the brake adjusting nut ( 5 ). Make
sure the cut-out on the adjusting nut is
seated on the brake arm pin ( 6 ).
LEFT REAR
4. Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust
the freeplay properly, see your Honda
dealer.
(4)(6)
cut-out
correctly
seated
(5)
cut-out
not seated
(−)
(6)
(5) adjusting nut
(6) arm pin
(+)
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
3. Apply the brake, release it, and then
spin the wheel and check that it rotates
freely. Repeat this procedure several
times.
116 Servicing Your Honda
(3)(5)
(3)(5) adjusting nut
(4)(6) arm pin
Other Inspections
Make sure the brake arm, spring, and
fasteners are in good condition.
05/12/08 11:45:18 31GET640_126
Brakes
LEFT REAR
Brake Shoe Wear
(4)
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
The front and rear brakes are equipped
with external brake wear indicators that let
you check brake wear without disassembly.
Application of the brake control causes the
arrow on the brake arm to move toward a
reference mark on the brake panel.
LEFT FRONT
(1)
(2)
(1) arrow
(2) brake arm
(4)
(3)
(3) reference mark
(4) brake panel
(3)
(2)
(1) arrow
(2) brake arm
(3) reference mark
(4) brake panel
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Apply the brake and check the
movement of the arrow ( 1 ) on the
brake arm ( 2 ). Replace the brake shoes
if the arrow aligns with the reference
mark ( 3 ) on the brake panel ( 4 ) upon
full application of the brake. If
replacement is necessary, see your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
117
05/12/08 11:45:32 31GET640_127
Tires
To safely operate your scooter, your tires
must be the proper type and size, in good
condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
118 Servicing Your Honda
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your scooter ride harshly, are more prone
to damage from road hazards, and wear
unevenly.
05/12/08 11:45:39 31GET640_128
Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your scooter has only
been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
18 psi
(125 kPa , 1.25 kgf/cm )
29 psi
(200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the scooter has been
parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
Servicing Your Honda
119
05/12/08 11:45:50 31GET640_129
Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
120 Servicing Your Honda
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
05/12/08 11:46:06 31GET640_130
Tires
Inspect the wear indicator ( 1 ) to check for
insufficient tread depth.
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo, and have the
tire replaced or permanently repaired as
soon as possible. (For more information
on temporary repairs, see If You Have a
Flat Tire, page 152 .)
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
Servicing Your Honda
121
05/12/08 11:46:13 31GET640_131
Tires
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 30 mph
(50 km/h) for the first 24 hours. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
122 Servicing Your Honda
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
The tires that came on your scooter were
designed to match the performance
capabilities of your scooter and provide
the best combination of handling, braking,
durability, and comfort.
05/12/08 11:46:23 31GET640_132
Tires
You should replace the tires with tires of
the same size, load range, and speed rating
as the originals.
Installing improper tires on your
scooter can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
The recommended tires for your scooter
are:
front
90/90-10 50J
IRC MB65
rear
90/90-10 50J
IRC MB65
type
bias-ply, tubeless
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
123
05/12/08 11:46:41 31GET640_133
Tires
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
124 Servicing Your Honda
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this scooter. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this scooter.
The rims are designed for tubeless tires,
and during hard acceleration or braking,
a tube-type tire could slip on the rim
and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.
Do not install a radial tire on this
scooter. Mixing bias-ply and radial tires
can adversely affect handling and
stability.
05/12/08 11:46:49 31GET640_134
Battery
Your scooter has a maintenance-free type
battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your scooter –– or do not
ride frequently, we recommend that you
charge the battery frequently (see Battery
Charging, page 129 ).
If you do not expect to ride your scooter
for at least two weeks, we recommend you
remove the battery –– or at least
disconnect the battery cables (negative
cable first).
If you plan to store your scooter, see
Battery Storage, page 126 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash hands after handling.
Servicing Your Honda
125
05/12/08 11:46:59 31GET640_135
Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
If you plan to store your scooter, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow (trickle)
charging it every 30 days (see Battery
Charging, page 129 ).
126 Servicing Your Honda
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
05/12/08 11:47:15 31GET640_136
Battery
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Open the seat (page 26 ).
3. Remove the maintenance lid (page 85 ).
4. Remove the bolt ( 1 ) that secures the
negative (−) terminal lead ( 2 ).
5. Release the tab ( 3 ), then remove the
fuse box cover ( 4 ).
6. Remove the bolt ( 5 ) that secures the
positive (+) terminal lead ( 6 ).
7. Release the rubber band ( 7 ) securing
the battery ( 8 ).
8. Pull the battery out of the battery box.
The battery is located in the battery box
behind the maintenance lid.
UNDER SEAT
(3)
(2)
(4)
(1)
(1) bolt
(2) negative (−) terminal lead
(3) tab
(4) fuse box cover
Servicing Your Honda
127
05/12/08 11:47:26 31GET640_137
Battery
UNDER SEAT
(7)
(6)
(5)
(8)
(5) bolt
(6) positive (+) terminal lead
(7) rubber band
(8) battery
9. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
128 Servicing Your Honda
10. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
11. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
12. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Installation
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
05/12/08 11:47:34 31GET640_138
Battery
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
(1)
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger
( 1 ) for home charging. These units can be
left connected for long periods without
risking damage to the battery. However,
do not intentionally leave the charger
connected longer than the time period
recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a scooter battery and cause
permanent damage.
(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
Servicing Your Honda
129
05/12/08 11:47:44 31GET640_139
Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your scooter. A clean
scooter is also easier to inspect and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
To clean your scooter, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
130 Servicing Your Honda
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your scooter.
If your scooter is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
scooter in bright sunlight may cause the
finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your scooter regularly to protect
surface finishes.
05/12/08 11:47:58 31GET640_140
Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your scooter. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, and coolant).
Servicing Your Honda
131
05/12/08 11:48:07 31GET640_141
Appearance Care
Washing Your Scooter with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
1. Rinse your scooter thoroughly with cool
water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing scooters or
automobiles.
3. Wash your scooter with a sponge or a
soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
132 Servicing Your Honda
4. After washing, rinse your scooter
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your scooter with a chamois or a
soft towel. Leaving water on the surface
to air dry can cause dulling and water
spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and
scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
05/12/08 11:48:12 31GET640_142
Appearance Care
7. As a precaution, ride your scooter at a
slow speed and apply the brakes several
times. This will help dry the brakes and
restore normal braking performance.
TEST BRAKES
If the inside of the headlight lens appears
clouded immediately after washing, it
should clear after a few minutes of riding.
Servicing Your Honda
133
05/12/08 11:48:18 31GET640_143
Appearance Care
Spray Cleaning Your Scooter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
134 Servicing Your Honda
05/12/08 11:48:35 31GET640_144
Appearance Care
Scooter Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
Servicing Your Honda
135
05/12/08 11:48:42 31GET640_145
Appearance Care
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
After washing your scooter, consider
using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for scooters or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your scooter is chipped or
scratched, your Honda dealer has touch-up
paint to match your scooter’s color. Be
sure to use your scooter’s color code (page
168 ) when you buy touch-up paint.
136 Servicing Your Honda
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
05/12/08 11:48:46 31GET640_146
Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible scooter
owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................. 138
Transporting Your Scooter................... 142
You & the Environment ....................... 143
Tips
137
05/12/08 11:49:04 31GET640_147
Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your scooter and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your scooter
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage
Guide, available from your Honda dealer
(USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your scooter in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
138 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
This procedure requires a means for
draining and disposing of drained fuel
(page 143 ).
1. Change the engine oil (page 95 ) and
clean the oil strainer screen (page 98 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution (page
100 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
05/12/08 11:49:12 31GET640_148
Storing Your Honda
4. Drain the carburetor into an approved
gasoline container and dispose of it in
an approved manner (page 143 ).
If storage will last longer than one
month, carburetor draining is important,
to assure proper performance after
storage.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
5. To prevent rusting in the cylinder,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug cap from the
spark plug. Using tape or string,
secure the cap to any convenient
plastic body part so that it is
positioned away from the spark plug.
Remove the spark plug from the
engine and store it in a safe place. Do
not connect the spark plug to the
spark plug cap.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into the cylinder and
cover the spark plug hole with a piece
of cloth.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
(cont’d)
Tips
139
05/12/08 11:49:22 31GET640_149
Storing Your Honda
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plug and spark
plug cap.
6. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page
129 ) once a month.
7. Wash and dry your scooter. Wax all
painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.
8. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 119 ).
140 Tips
9. Store your scooter in an unheated area,
free of dampness, away from sunlight,
with a minimum of daily temperature
variation.
10. Place your scooter on blocks to lift both
tires off the floor.
11. Cover your scooter with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
05/12/08 11:49:30 31GET640_150
Storing Your Honda
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
1. Uncover and clean your scooter.
2. If your scooter has been stored for more
than four months –– change the engine
oil (page 95 ).
3. If your scooter has been stored for more
than two months –– ask your Honda
dealer to drain and replace the fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 129 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 34 ),
then test-ride your scooter at low speeds.
Tips
141
05/12/08 11:49:42 31GET640_151
Transporting Your Scooter
If your scooter needs to be transported, it
should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For
information about 24-hour emergency
assistance, see page 193 (USA only). Do
not tow your scooter, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the scooter, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
142 Tips
05/12/08 11:49:49 31GET640_152
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a scooter can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally-responsible scooter
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your scooter. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
Tips
143
05/12/08 11:49:51 31GET640_153
144 Tips
05/12/08 11:49:57 31GET640_154
Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your scooter
while you’re riding. It tells you how to
evaluate each problem and what actions
you can take to try to resume riding. If the
problem cannot be safely solved, this
section also gives instructions on the
proper way to have your scooter
transported.
General Guidelines ............................... 146
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 147
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 152
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 156
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 158
If You Crash ......................................... 162
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 163
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ........ 164
For information about transporting your
scooter, see page 142 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
145
05/12/08 11:50:15 31GET640_155
Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road. However,
since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider
subscribing to an emergency roadside
service plan. (USA only: For information
about the Honda Rider’s Club of America,
see page 193 .)
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, proper tools, and any other items
(such as tire repair supplies and additional
tools) that might help you solve a problem
on your own.
146 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your scooter is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
05/12/08 11:50:21 31GET640_156
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your scooter won’t start, listen as you
press the start button. If you don’t hear the
starter motor turning, refer to the Starter
motor doesn’t operate symptom. If you
can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
147
05/12/08 11:50:32 31GET640_157
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
ignition switch OFF
Turn the ignition switch ON.
engine stop switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page
158 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
dead battery
Charge the battery (page 129 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
148 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/12/08 11:50:49 31GET640_158
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
out of fuel
Fill the fuel tank.
loose or unconnected spark
Install the spark plug cap securely. If the engine
plug cap
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
loose battery cables
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
weak battery
Charge the battery (page 129 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
149
05/12/08 11:50:59 31GET640_159
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
Check engine idle adjustment (page 109 ). If the
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
overheating
Check the coolant temperature indicator. Refer to
If Y our Engine Overheats, page 156 .
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
150 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/12/08 11:51:09 31GET640_160
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust
See your Honda dealer.
(rich fuel mixture)
detonates or pings under
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
load
gasoline (page 87 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
See your Honda dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
pre-ignition (runs on after
See your Honda dealer.
ignition switched OFF)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
151
05/12/08 11:51:16 31GET640_161
If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
center stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Scooter Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your scooter
transported to a Honda dealer or other
152 Taking Care of the Unexpected
qualified service facility. (USA only: For
information about 24-hour emergency
roadside assistance, see page 193 .) Even
with a simple puncture, this may be the
safest and least troublesome solution. For
transporting instructions, see page 142 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
05/12/08 11:51:31 31GET640_162
If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your scooter with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
check the air pressure. If the tire is losing
pressure, it may be unsafe to continue
riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect
the handling of your scooter (especially
with cargo) and it may overheat and blow
out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30
mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably
without cargo) until the tire is replaced or
permanently repaired. Stop frequently and
Taking Care of the Unexpected
153
05/12/08 11:51:37 31GET640_163
If You Have a Flat Tire
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
154 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 121 .
05/12/08 11:51:42 31GET640_164
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 70 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
155
05/12/08 11:51:49 31GET640_165
If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the temperature of the coolant
in the cooling system will rise to a level
about midway between cold and boiling.
Hot weather may cause the temperature to
rise higher than normal. So will temporary
stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re
stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the
temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations.
If the coolant temperature indicator (page
17 ) comes on for no apparent reason,
pull safely to the side of the road. If
possible, park in a shady area.
As long as the coolant temperature
indicator is lit, the vehicle speed will be
automatically restricted.
156 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
05/12/08 11:52:03 31GET640_166
If Your Engine Overheats
Check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located behind the maintenance lid
(page 101 ).
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 101 ).
After adding coolant, ride at moderate
speeds (10 mph, 16 km/h). If the
coolant temperature indicator lights
again, do not ride. The engine needs
repair. Transport your scooter to a
Honda dealer (page 142 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the temperature indicator
frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the indicator.
Be prepared to stop and add more coolant
or water. If the leak is bad, transport your
scooter to a Honda dealer (page 142 ).
Taking Care of the Unexpected
157
05/12/08 11:52:12 31GET640_167
If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
scooter have fuses to protect them from
damage caused by excess current flow
(short circuit or overload).
The main fuse and circuit fuse box
(including spare fuses) are located near
the battery.
Recommended Fuses
If something electrical on your scooter
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
158 Taking Care of the Unexpected
main fuse
other fuses
15A
10A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
05/12/08 11:52:22 31GET640_168
If a Fuse Blows
2. To access the main fuse and circuit
fuses, open the seat (page 26 ) and
remove the maintenance lid (page 85 ).
UNDER SEAT
(3)
(1)
(4)
(6)
(5)
(2)
(4) spare main fuse
(1) tab
(5) circuit fuse
(2) fuse box cover
(6) spare fuse
(3) main fuse
3. Release the tab ( 1 ), then remove the
fuse box cover ( 2 ).
4. Pull the main fuse ( 3 ) out.
If it is blown ( 7 ), install the spare main
fuse ( 4 ).
5. To check or replace a circuit fuse ( 5 ),
pull the old fuse out of its retaining
clips. Look for a burned wire inside the
fuse. If the fuse is blown ( 7 ), replace it
with a spare fuse ( 6 ) of the same rating
or lower.
6. Install the fuse box cover and
maintenance lid.
7. Lower and push down on the seat until
it locks.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
159
05/12/08 11:52:28 31GET640_169
If a Fuse Blows
MAIN FUSE & CIRCUIT FUSE
(7)
(7) blown fuse
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
160 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
05/12/08 11:52:41 31GET640_170
If a Fuse Blows
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
scooter. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your scooter checked by
your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
161
05/12/08 11:52:49 31GET640_171
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after
any accident. If you or anyone else has
been injured, take time to assess the
severity of the injuries and whether it is
safe to continue riding. Call for
emergency assistance if needed. Also
follow applicable laws and regulations if
another person or vehicle is involved in
the accident.
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your scooter thoroughly
checked at a qualified service facility as
soon as possible. Also, be sure to have
your Honda dealer check the frame and
suspension after any serious crash.
If you decide you are capable of riding
safely, carefully inspect your scooter for
damage and determine if it is safe to ride.
Check the tightness of critical nuts and
bolts securing such parts as the handlebar,
control levers, brakes, and wheels.
If your scooter cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Scooter, page 142 .
162 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/12/08 11:52:54 31GET640_172
If You Lose Your Key
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer you purchased
your Honda from. They may have it listed
in their records. If they don’t, transport
your scooter to them or the nearest Honda
dealer. The dealer will probably have to
remove the ignition switch assembly to
find the key number so they can make a
key for you.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
163
05/12/08 11:52:59 31GET640_173
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your scooter’s electrical system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
164 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/12/08 11:53:03 31GET640_174
Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your scooter.
Vehicle Identification ........................... 166
Specifications ....................................... 169
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 175
Emission Control Systems ................... 176
Catalytic Converter .............................. 181
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 182
Technical Information
165
05/12/08 11:53:14 31GET640_175
Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The frame, VIN, and engine serial
numbers are required when you register
your scooter. They may also be required
when ordering replacement parts. You
may record these numbers in the Quick
Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
( 1 ) appears on the Safety Certification
Label attached inside the leg shield.
INSIDE LEG SHIELD
(1)
(1) VIN
166 Technical Information
05/12/08 11:53:22 31GET640_176
Vehicle Identification
The frame number ( 2 ) is stamped on the
top of the frame body.
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
back of the crankcase near the rear wheel.
Remove the plug maintenance lid (page
86 ) to check the frame number.
LEFT REAR
(3)
UNDER STEPBOARD
(2)
(3) engine number
(2) frame number
Technical Information
167
05/12/08 11:53:28 31GET640_177
Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
INSIDE CENTER COMPARTMENT
The color label is located in the center
compartment. Open the seat (page 26 ) to
check the label.
(1)
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
(1) color label
168 Technical Information
05/12/08 11:53:37 31GET640_178
Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
67.1 in (1,705 mm)
24.6 in (625 mm)
39.4 in (1,000 mm)
46.9 in (1,190 mm)
4.5 in (115 mm)
Technical Information
169
05/12/08 11:53:55 31GET640_179
Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
1.32 US gal (5.0 ) including reserve
after disassembly: 0.7 US qt (0.7 )
after draining: 0.6 US qt (0.6 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA or MB,
Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without molybdenum additives) or
HP4M (with molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil (USA &
Canada) or Honda 4-stroke oil (Canada only), or an
equivalent motorcycle oil
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene
glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors
specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines
0.51 US qt (0.48 )
170 Technical Information
05/12/08 11:54:11 31GET640_180
Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
operator only. no passengers
277 lbs (126 kg)
rider, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
displacement
3.0 cu-in (49 cm )
bore & stroke
1.49 × 1.73 in (37.8 × 44.0 mm)
compression ratio
12.0 : 1
spark plug (standard) CR8EH-9 (NGK)
or
U24FER9 (DENSO)
spark plug
or
CR7EH-9 (NGK)
U22FER9 (DENSO)
(cold climate)
spark plug
or
CR9EH-9 (NGK)
U27FER9 (DENSO)
(high speed riding)
spark plug gap
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
intake:
0.004 in (0.10 mm)
valve clearance
exhaust: 0.007 in (0.19 mm)
(cold)
idle speed
2,000 ± 100 rpm
Technical Information
171
05/12/08 11:54:33 31GET640_181
Specifications
Power Transmission
V-Belt
primary reduction
12.115
final reduction
Chassis & Suspension
26°30’
caster
2.8 in (72 mm)
trail
90/90-10 50J
tire size, front
IRC MB65
90/90-10 50J
tire size, rear
IRC MB65
bias-ply, tubeless
tire type
tire pressure, front
18 psi (125 kPa , 1.25 kgf/cm )
(cold)
29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
tire pressure, rear
(cold)
Electrical
battery
generator
12V-6 Ah
0.19 kW/5,000 rpm
172 Technical Information
05/12/08 11:54:43 31GET640_182
Specifications
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
instrument lights
license light
turn signal indicator
12V-35/35W
12V-23/8W
12V-21W (front)
12V-21W (rear)
12V-1.7W (2 bulbs)
12V-5W
12V-3.4W
Technical Information
173
05/12/08 11:54:59 31GET640_183
Specifications
Fuses
main
other fuses
15A
10A×2
Torque Specifications
18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)
crankcase drain
bolt
14 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
oil plug
174 Technical Information
05/12/08 11:55:04 31GET640_184
Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your scooter’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 60 miles (100 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
Technical Information
175
05/12/08 11:55:10 31GET640_185
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada require that your
scooter comply with applicable exhaust
emissions standards during its useful life,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(For USA)
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label (1) is attached to the left
side of the center compartment under the
seat.
(For Canada)
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information labels (2) are attached to the
right and left sides of the center
compartment under the seat.
176 Technical Information
(1) vehicle emission control information
label (For USA)
(2) vehicle emission control information
label (For Canada)
05/12/08 11:55:15 31GET640_186
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that scooters built
after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided. (USA only)
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Scooter Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
Technical Information
177
05/12/08 11:55:20 31GET640_187
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air supply system,
and an oxidation catalytic converter.
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of the
components is recommended.
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission performance.
178 Technical Information
Oxidation Catalytic Converter
The oxidation catalytic converter is in the
exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC and CO in the
engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO2)
and water vapor.
05/12/08 11:55:26 31GET640_188
Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
carburetor.
Problems That May Affect Scooter
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda scooter
dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
Technical Information
179
05/12/08 11:55:42 31GET640_189
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
180 Technical Information
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
05/12/08 11:55:47 31GET640_190
Catalytic Converter
This scooter is equipped with an oxidation
catalytic converter.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC and
CO. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. It can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
it. Park your scooter away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your scooter’s
catalytic converter.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converter ineffective.
Keep the engine tuned-up.
Have your scooter diagnosed and
repaired if it is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling or otherwise not running
properly.
Technical Information
181
05/12/08 11:55:55 31GET640_191
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
182 Technical Information
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
05/12/08 11:56:09 31GET640_192
Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
Technical Information
183
05/12/08 11:56:12 31GET640_193
184 Technical Information
05/12/08 11:56:17 31GET640_194
Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
service manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................. 186
Warranty Coverage .............................. 189
Warranty Service .................................. 190
Contacting Honda ................................. 191
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 192
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 193
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 194
Consumer Information
185
05/12/08 11:56:27 31GET640_195
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61GET04
2006 CHF50/S Service Manual
$36.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31GET640
2006 CHF50/S Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
186 Consumer Information
05/12/08 11:56:38 31GET640_196
Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication Item No.
Item Description
Qty.
Price Each*
Total
Price
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. Add 6 %
Calif. Add 8.25 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Handling Charge
delivery.
Grand Total
$5.00
Consumer Information
187
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S
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NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
Customer Name
Attention
Street Address - No P. O. Box Number
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
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These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may
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HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
188 Consumer Information
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Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Scooter Limited Warranty
Exhaust Emission Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the scooter.
Consumer Information
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Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your scooter, call the service department
of your Honda dealer. Make an
appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
scooter, you will be asked to authorize that
inspection. Your dealer will give you the
results of the inspection. If the problem is
covered under warranty, your dealer will
perform the warranty repairs for you.
190 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the service manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
05/12/08 11:57:29 31GET640_200
Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2220, Torrance,
CA 90509-2220, mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
telephone: (866) 784-1870.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and frame/VIN
serial number
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
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Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Genuine
Honda parts, Pro Honda products,
Hondaline accessories (USA only), and
Honda accessories and products (Canada
only). The same quality that went into
your Honda can be found in Genuine
Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find
comparable quality in the accessories and
192 Consumer Information
products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about American
Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
05/12/08 11:57:48 31GET640_202
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
One of the best ways to get the most
enjoyment from owning and riding your
Honda is through the Honda Rider’s Club
of America. Your purchase of a new
motorcycle, scooter, ATV or PWC from a
participating U.S. Honda dealer entitles
you to a complimentary one-year
membership in the Club. There are
hundreds of HRCA Chapter sponsoring
dealers across the USA with events and
activities almost every weekend.
Membership benefits include:
24 hour, toll-free roadside assistance for
your new Honda (includes roadside
assistance for your transport vehicle as
long as your Honda is aboard or in tow).
Vehicle transport to the nearest Honda
dealer or service center, if necessary.
An exclusive HRCA website complete
with access to the official Honda
Common Service Manual, contests,
insider information and more.
Reimbursement (up to $75) for
Motorcycle Safety Foundation training.
Separate free training from the
Specialty Vehicle Institute of America
for ATV owners.
One full year of the Honda Red Rider
magazine or Honda Red Rider ATV (for
ATV purchasers).
Discounts from HRCA partners for
experienced rider courses.
Discounted vehicle insurance from the
HRCA’s insurance partner.
Racing contingency programs and
assistance at selected dual-sport, offroad, and motocross events.
Contact your Honda dealer for more
information or call: 1 800-847-HRCA or
log on to www.hrca.honda.com.
Consumer Information
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Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or could
cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
in addition to notifying American Honda
Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it
may open an investigation, and if it finds
that a safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or American
Honda Motor Co., Inc.
194 Consumer Information
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153);
go to http://www.saf ercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh
Street, SW., Washington, DC. 20590.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from http://
www.saf ercar.gov.
05/12/08 11:58:03 31GET640_204
Consumer Information
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Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
SCOOTER SAFETY.............................. 1
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Important Message to Parents .................. 5
Accessories & Modifications ................... 9
Safety Labels .......................................... 11
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ...... 13
Operation Component Locations ........... 14
Gauges & Indicators ............................... 17
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 20
Start Button ......................................... 22
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 22
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 23
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 23
Horn Button ........................................ 24
Rear Brake Lock................................. 24
196 Table of Contents
Seat Lock ............................................ 26
Center Stand Lock .............................. 27
BEFORE RIDING................................ 29
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 30
Protective Apparel .............................. 30
Rider Training .................................... 32
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride? .......... 34
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 34
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 37
Loading ............................................... 37
Load Limits ........................................ 38
Loading Guidelines ............................ 39
Cargo Compartments.............................. 40
Center Compartment .......................... 40
Front Hook.......................................... 41
05/12/08 11:58:15 31GET640_206
Table of Contents
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ...... 43
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 44
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 45
Preparation .......................................... 45
Starting Procedure .............................. 46
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 50
Riding...................................................... 51
Braking ................................................... 58
Parking .................................................... 60
Riding with Cargo .................................. 64
SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............ 65
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 68
Maintenance Safety ................................ 69
Important Safety Precautions ............. 70
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 72
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 74
Maintenance Record............................... 79
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations ...... 81
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 84
Maintenance Lid Removal ..................... 85
Plug Maintenance Lid Removal............. 86
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
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Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)
Service Procedures
Electrical
Battery................................................... 125
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 87
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen................. 90
Coolant.................................................. 100
Air Cleaner ........................................... 104
Crankcase Breather .............................. 106
Appearance Care .................................. 130
Engine
Throttle ................................................. 107
Engine Idle Speed................................. 109
Spark Plug............................................. 111
Chassis
Brakes ................................................... 114
Tires ...................................................... 118
198 Table of Contents
TIPS...................................................... 137
Storing Your Honda ............................. 138
Transporting Your Scooter................... 142
You & the Environment ....................... 143
05/12/08 11:58:39 31GET640_208
Table of Contents
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................. 145
General Guidelines ............................... 146
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 147
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 152
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 156
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 158
If You Crash ......................................... 162
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 163
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ........ 164
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....... 185
Authorized Manuals ............................. 186
Warranty Coverage .............................. 189
Warranty Service .................................. 190
Contacting Honda ................................. 191
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 192
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 193
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 194
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................. 196
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ...... 165
Vehicle Identification ........................... 166
Specifications ....................................... 169
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 175
Emission Control Systems ................... 176
Catalytic Converter .............................. 181
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 182
INDEX ................................................. 200
QUICK REFERENCE
Table of Contents
199
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Index
A
accessories ................................................ 9
air cleaner ............................................. 104
air pressure, tires ................................... 118
American Honda, contacting................ 187
apparel, protective .................................. 30
appearance care .................................... 130
B
battery ................................................... 125
brakes,
freeplay ............................................. 114
shoe wear .......................................... 117
braking .................................................... 58
break-in guidelines ............................... 175
200 Index
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 88
care, appearance ................................... 130
catalytic converter ................................ 181
center stand lock ..................................... 27
cleaning, appearance care .................... 130
color label ............................................. 168
compartment,
center................................................... 40
owner’s manual .................................. 84
consumer information .......................... 185
coolant................................................... 100
coolant temperature indicator................. 19
crankcase breather ................................ 106
customer service ................................... 191
05/12/08 11:58:50 31GET640_210
Index
D
defects, safety ....................................... 194
E
emission control systems ...................... 176
engine,
idle speed .......................................... 109
number .............................................. 167
oil ........................................................ 90
overheats ........................................... 156
pinging ................................................ 87
starting ................................................ 45
stop switch .......................................... 22
stopping............................................... 50
won’t start ......................................... 147
environment .......................................... 143
F
flat tire................................................... 152
frame number ....................................... 167
fuel,
gauge ................................................... 19
oxygenated........................................ 182
recommendation ................................. 87
tank capacity ....................................... 88
fuses ...................................................... 158
Index
201
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Index
G
gap, spark plug...................................... 112
gasohol .................................................. 182
gasoline ................................................... 87
gauges & indicators ................................ 17
I
identification, vehicle ........................... 166
idle speed, engine ................................. 109
ignition switch ........................................ 20
indicators................................................. 17
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 34
H
K
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 23
helmet holder .......................................... 62
high beam indicator ................................ 19
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 191
Rider’s Club...................................... 193
dealer................................................. 192
Honda service manual .......................... 186
hook, front .............................................. 41
horn button .............................................. 24
202 Index
key, lost ................................................. 163
L
labels, safety ........................................... 11
lamp check .............................................. 18
limit, weight ............................................ 38
load limits ............................................... 38
loading guidelines................................... 39
05/12/08 11:59:07 31GET640_212
Index
lock,
center stand ......................................... 27
seat ...................................................... 26
steering................................................ 61
M
maintenance,
component locations........................... 81
importance .......................................... 68
periodic ............................................... 72
record .................................................. 79
safety................................................... 69
schedule .............................................. 74
manual, service ..................................... 186
maximum weight limit ........................... 38
modifications .......................................... 10
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 166
O
odometer ................................................. 19
oil, engine ............................................... 90
operating controls ................................... 20
operation component locations .............. 14
overheat, engine.................................... 156
owner’s manual storage .......................... 84
oxygenated fuels................................... 182
Index
203
05/12/08 11:59:13 31GET640_213
Index
P
parking .................................................... 60
pinging, engine ....................................... 87
plug, spark............................................. 111
pre-ride inspection .................................. 34
problems, unexpected ........................... 145
protective apparel ................................... 30
R
rear brake lock lever ............................... 24
removal,
maintenance lid................................... 85
plug maintenance lid .......................... 86
reporting safety defects ........................ 194
rider training ....................................... 3, 32
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 193
204 Index
riding,
basic operation .................................... 43
clothing ............................................... 30
precautions .......................................... 44
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 44
with cargo ........................................... 64
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 70
labels ................................................... 11
reporting defects ............................... 194
riding precautions ............................... 44
schedule, maintenance............................ 74
seat lock .................................................. 26
serial numbers ....................................... 166
service,
customer............................................ 191
05/12/08 11:59:19 31GET640_214
Index
manuals ............................................. 186
warranty ............................................ 190
spark knock ............................................. 87
spark plug.............................................. 111
specifications ........................................ 169
speedometer ............................................ 19
start button .............................................. 22
starting,
engine .................................................. 45
troubleshooting ................................. 147
steering lock ............................................ 61
stop switch, engine ................................. 22
stopping engine ....................................... 50
storage,
owner’s manual .................................. 84
scooter ............................................... 138
switch,
engine stop .......................................... 22
headlight dimmer................................ 23
ignition ................................................ 20
turn signal ........................................... 23
T
temperature indicator, coolant................ 19
theft prevention tips................................ 63
throttle ................................................... 107
tires,
air pressure........................................ 118
flat ..................................................... 152
replacing ........................................... 122
training, rider ...................................... 3, 32
transporting your scooter...................... 142
trouble, unexpected .............................. 145
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 147
turn signal indicator ................................ 19
Index
205
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Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN) ........... 166
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 189
extended ............................................ 189
service ............................................... 190
washing your scooter ............................ 130
weight limit ............................................. 38
206 Index
05/12/08 11:59:26 31GET640_216
Memo
207
05/12/08 11:59:29 31GET640_217
208 Memo
05/12/08 11:59:45 31GET640_218
Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How To Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil: insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
05/12/08 11:59:50 31GET640_219
Quick Reference
VIN/Frame No.
Engine No.
Frame No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
05/12/08 12:00:02 31GET640_220
Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 2,500 miles (4,000 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 34 ): tires,
leaks, loose parts, brakes, indicators, lights.
Check the following items monthly (page 73 ): tires, fluids, lights,
freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
Engine Oil
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA or MB,
Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without molybdenum additives) or HP4M (with
molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil or equivalent
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
277 lbs (126 kg)
rider, all cargo and accessories
1.32 US gal (5.0 )
Quick Reference
05/12/08 12:00:19 31GET640_221
Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Front: 90/90-10 50J
IRC MB65
Rear: 90/90-10 50J
IRC MB65
Type: bias-ply, tubeless
Front: 18 psi (125 kPa , 1.25 kgf/cm )
Rear: 29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
standard: CR8EH-9 (NGK) or U24FER9 (DENSO)
cold climate: CR7EH-9 (NGK) or U22FER9 (DENSO)
high speed riding: CR9EH-9 (NGK) or U27FER9 (DENSO)
Coolant
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
Fuses
main: 15A
other: 10A
Quick Reference
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