Network Security Platform 8.1 Troubleshooting Guide

Network Security Platform 8.1 Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting Guide
Revision G
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
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2
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
Contents
1
Preface
7
About this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Find product documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
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8
Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
9
Before you start troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Simplifying troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Issues and status checks for the Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Health check of a Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Failover status check of a Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Signature or software update status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Download or upload status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Check the traffic status of a Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Conditions requiring a Sensor reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Sensor does not boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Sensor stays in bad health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Debugging critical Sensor issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
Sensor response if its throughput is exceeded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Sensor latency monitor management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Management of different types of traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
Sensor failover issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
XC cable connection issues for M8000 Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
XC cable connection issues for NS9300 Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
External fail-open kit issues in connecting to the monitoring port . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Fail-open kit related issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Debugging issues with Connection Limiting policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Issues with Quarantine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Issues and status checks for the Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
The Manager connectivity to the database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
MySQL issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Sensor not displayed in the resource tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
The Manager fails to start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
The Manager interface does not work after JRE update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Message on loading the Manager does not disappear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Unable to log on to the Manager after typing credentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Portions of the interface do not load properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
Prompt appears in Threat Analyzer to open or save a JNLP file . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
Login button does not work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
When using Internet Explorer 9 Real Time Threat Analyzer file download gets into a loop . . 37
The Manager client is unble to contact the Manager server when launching the Real Time Threat
Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Real Time Threat Analyzer has strange behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Real Time Threat Analyzer security warning box keeps popping up . . . . . . . . . . . 38
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
3
Contents
Threat Analyzer UI stuck at downloading maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Many options are grayed out in Threat Analyzer menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unable to get alerts in Historical Threat Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Issues and status checks for the Sensor and Manager in combination . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulties connecting Sensor and Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loss of connectivity between the Sensor and Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DoS troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Issues and status checks for the Sensor and other devices in combination . . . . . . . . . . .
Connectivity issues between the Sensor and other network devices . . . . . . . . . .
Integration Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Global Threat Intelligence - API Overload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ePO - Connection failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vulnerability Manager - Connectivity issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vulnerability Manager - Certificate Sync and FC Agent issues . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logon Collector - Integration issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
Performance issues
61
Sniffer trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data link errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Half-duplex setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Full-duplex setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Determine false positives
Reduce false positives . . . . . . . . . .
Tune your policies . . . . . . . . . . . .
False positives and noise . . . . . .
Determine a false positive versus noise
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System fault messages
63
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Manager faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Manager critical faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Manager error faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Manager warning faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Manager informational faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Sensor faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Sensor critical faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Sensor error faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
108
Sensor warning faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Sensor informational faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
NTBA faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
121
NTBA critical faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
121
NTBA error faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
NTBA warning faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
NTBA informational faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
5
Error messages
127
Error messages for RADIUS servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Error messages for LDAP server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
6
Troubleshooting scenarios
129
Network outage due to unresolved ARP traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delay in alerts between the Sensor and Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sensor-Manager Connectivity Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wrong country name in IPS alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wrong country name in ACL alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
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Troubleshooting Guide
Contents
7
Using the InfoCollector tool
141
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to run the InfoCollector tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using InfoCollector tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Log Analyzer tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running the Log Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add a new customer case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View summary of the Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create an Event Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Search for a log file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing log files in repository . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
Automatically restarting a failed Manager with Manager Watchdog
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How the Manager Watchdog works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install the Manager Watchdog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Start the Manager Watchdog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use the Manager Watchdog with Manager in an MDR configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Track the Manager Watchdog activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Utilize of the McAfee KnowledgeBase
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Index
157
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
5
Contents
6
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
Preface
This guide provides the information you need to configure, use, and maintain your McAfee product.
Contents
About this guide
Find product documentation
About this guide
This information describes the guide's target audience, the typographical conventions and icons used
in this guide, and how the guide is organized.
Audience
McAfee documentation is carefully researched and written for the target audience.
The information in this guide is intended primarily for:
•
Administrators — People who implement and enforce the company's security program.
•
Users — People who use the computer where the software is running and can access some or all of
its features.
Conventions
This guide uses these typographical conventions and icons.
Book title, term,
emphasis
Title of a book, chapter, or topic; a new term; emphasis.
Bold
Text that is strongly emphasized.
User input, code,
message
Commands and other text that the user types; a code sample; a displayed
message.
Interface text
Words from the product interface like options, menus, buttons, and dialog
boxes.
Hypertext blue
A link to a topic or to an external website.
Note: Additional information, like an alternate method of accessing an
option.
Tip: Suggestions and recommendations.
Important/Caution: Valuable advice to protect your computer system,
software installation, network, business, or data.
Warning: Critical advice to prevent bodily harm when using a hardware
product.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
7
Preface
Find product documentation
Find product documentation
After a product is released, information about the product is entered into the McAfee online Knowledge
Center.
Task
8
1
Go to the McAfee ServicePortal at http://support.mcafee.com and click Knowledge Center.
2
Enter a product name, select a version, then click Search to display a list of documents.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
1
Troubleshooting Network Security
Platform
This section lists some troubleshooting tips for McAfee® Network Security Platform.
Contents
Before you start troubleshooting
Simplifying troubleshooting
Issues and status checks for the
Issues and status checks for the
Issues and status checks for the
Issues and status checks for the
Integration Scenarios
Sensor
Manager
Sensor and Manager in combination
Sensor and other devices in combination
Before you start troubleshooting
Before you get too deep into troubleshooting techniques, it is a good practice to consider the following
questions:
•
Were there physical changes to your network that occurred recently?
•
If another device is placed in the Sensor's position, does that device receive traffic?
•
If the Sensor is in L2 mode, are your network's services still affected?
•
Are you using approved McAfee GBICs or SFPs or XFPs with your Sensor? (For a list of approved
hardware, see McAfee KnowledgeBase article KB56364 (Go to http://mysupport.mcafee.com/
Eservice/, and click Search the KnowledgeBase).)
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
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1
Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Simplifying troubleshooting
Simplifying troubleshooting
When an in-line device experiences problems, most people's instinct is to physically pull it out of the
path; to disconnect the cables and let traffic flow unimpeded while the device can be examined
elsewhere. McAfee recommends you first try the following techniques to troubleshoot a McAfee
Network Security Sensor (Sensor) issue:
•
All Sensors have a Layer2 Passthru feature. If you feel your Sensor is causing network disruption,
before you remove it from the network, issue the following command:
layer2 mode assert
This pushes the Sensor into Layer2 Passthru (L2) mode, causing traffic to flow through the Sensor
while bypassing the detection engine. Check to see whether your services are still affected; if they
are, then you have eliminated certain Sensor hardware issues; the problem could instead be a
network issue or a configuration issue. (The layer2 mode deassert command pushes the Sensor
back to detection mode).
•
McAfee recommends that you configure Layer2 Passthru Mode on each Sensor. This enables you to
set a threshold on the Sensor that pushes the Sensor into L2 bypass mode if the Sensor
experiences a specified number of errors within a specified time frame. Traffic then continues to
flow directly through the Sensor without passing to the detection engine.
•
Connect a fail-open kit, which consists of a bypass switch and a controller, to any GE monitoring
port pairs on the Sensor. If a kit is attached to the Sensor, disabling the Sensor ports forces traffic
to flow through the bypass switch, effectively pulling the Sensor
•
For FE monitoring ports, there is no need for the external kit. Sensors with FE ports contain an
internal tap; disabling the ports will send traffic through the internal tap, providing fail-open
functionality.
Note that the Sensor will need to reboot to move out of L2 mode only if the Sensor entered L2 mode
because of internal errors. (It does not need a reboot if the layer2 mode assert command was used
to put the Sensor into L2 mode).
A Sensor reboot breaks the link connecting the devices on either side of the Sensor and requires the
renegotiation of the network link between the two devices surrounding the Sensor.
Depending on the network equipment, this disruption should range from a couple of seconds to
more than a minute with certain vendors' devices. A very brief link disruption might occur while the
links are renegotiated to place the Sensor back in in-line mode.
Issues and status checks for the Sensor
This section describes all issues and status checks specific to the Sensor.
Contents
Health check of a Sensor
Failover status check of a Sensor
Signature or software update status
Download or upload status
Check the traffic status of a Sensor
Conditions requiring a Sensor reboot
Sensor does not boot
Sensor stays in bad health
Debugging critical Sensor issues
Sensor response if its throughput is exceeded
10
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Issues and status checks for the Sensor
1
Sensor latency monitor management
Management of different types of traffic
Sensor failover issues
XC cable connection issues for M8000 Sensors
XC cable connection issues for NS9300 Sensors
External fail-open kit issues in connecting to the monitoring port
Fail-open kit related issues
Debugging issues with Connection Limiting policies
Issues with Quarantine
Health check of a Sensor
To see if your Sensor is functioning correctly, do one of the following:
On the Sensor:
•
At the command prompt, type status. This displays system status (such as Operational Status,
system initialization, signature version, trust, channel status, alert counts, and so on). Sensor
should be initialized and in good health.
•
At the command prompt, type show. This displays configuration information (such as Sensor image
version, type, name, Manager and Sensor IP addresses, and so on).
On the Manager:
•
In the Manager Home page, view the Operational Status section. Manager status should be UP, and
Sensor status should be ACTIVE.
If you see system faults indicating that the Manager is down, see System Fault Messages to
interpret the fault and, if necessary, take action to clear the fault.
Pinging a Sensor
The Sensor Management port responds only to 20 pings per second. This limited rate prevents the
Sensor from being susceptible to a ping flood. To ping a Sensor Management port from multiple hosts,
increase the time interval between pings.
Failover status check of a Sensor
To ensure that two Sensors comprising a failover pair are communicating via their interconnection
cable, go to each Sensor's CLI and type show failover-status. Failover should display as enabled
(YES), and the peer Sensor should display as UP.
Cable failover through a network device
Do not connect the heartbeat cable through an external network device.
To keep overhead low and throughput high, the Sensors do not include layer 2 or 3 headers on the
packets they pass over the heartbeat connection, and they pass data larger than the standard
Ethernet maximum frame size (1518 bytes).
If you attempt to place a network device, such as a switch or router, between the heartbeat ports, the
heartbeat connection will fail.
Signature or software update status
To see if your Sensor successfully received a signature update or software upgrade, you can use the
status command as shown in the following procedure, or the downloadstatus command, described
later in this chapter.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
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1
Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Issues and status checks for the Sensor
To use the status command:
Task
1
On the Sensor, type status at the command prompt before updating the signature set on the
Sensor. Note the signature version.
2
Update the signature set on the Sensor using the Manager screens.
3
On the Sensor, again type status at the command prompt after the update from Manager is
complete. Verify that the signature version number has incremented. The new signature version
should match with the signature set version that has been updated from the Manager and applied
to the Sensor.
Download or upload status
To see the progress of an upload or download, use the downloadstatus command.
The downloadstatus command displays the status of various download/upload operations: signature,
software image, and DoS profile downloads (from Manager to Sensor) and DoS profile and debug trace
uploads (from Sensor to Manager). It also lists the number of times you have performed the
operation, status of your previous attempt to perform the operation (including—if the operation failed
—the cause of failure), and the time the command was executed.
Do the following:
On the Sensor, type downloadstatus at the command prompt.
Check the traffic status of a Sensor
Sensor Statistics can be viewed in the Threat Analyzer by creating a new dashboard and by choosing
monitors that display different type of Sensor statistics. Sensor Flow Statistics, IP Spoofing Statistics,
Packet Drop Statistics, Port Packet Drop Statistics and Rate Limiting Statistics are the monitors
available.
Task
1
Click Options | Dashboard | New to open the Create New Dashboard dialog.
2
Enter a name for the new dashboard in the Dashboard Dialog.
3
Click Assign Monitor to view the Assign Monitor Dialog.
4
Select the Assign an existing Monitor radio button.
5
Select Default Monitors against Category (these are the default choices).
6
Select Sensor Performance against Type to view the choice of Monitors for Sensor Performance in the
Monitor choices box.
7
Select Statistics - Flows and click OK.
8
Select the Sensor for which you want to view flow statistics.
9
Click Refresh to view the flow statistics for the selected Sensor.
10 Follow a similar procedure and select other Monitors for Sensor Performance to view the relevant
Sensor Statistics.
12
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Issues and status checks for the Sensor
1
List of Monitors for Sensor Statistics
•
Sensor Flow Statistics: Statistical view of the TCP and UDP flow data processed by a Network
Security Sensor. Checking your flow rates can help you determine if your Sensor is processing
traffic normally, while also providing you with a view of statistics such as the maximum number
of flows supported as well as the number of active TCP and UDP flows.
•
IP Spoofing Statistics: Statistics on the number of IP spoofing attacks detected by McAfee®
Network Security Platform. Statistics are displayed per direction.
•
Packet Drop Statistics: Packet drop rate on a Sensor. The statistics is displayed on a per Sensor
basis. The statistics includes the count of number of packets dropped by Sensor due to set rate
limiting on the Sensor and sanity check failures.
•
Port Packet Drop Statistics: Packet drop rate on a port.
•
Rate Limiting Statistics: Rate limiting statistics provides the estimated number of packets
dropped/bytes dropped by the McAfee Network Security Sensor (Sensor). You can view rate
limiting statistics for each Sensor (per port), listed in the resource tree of Manager.
Conditions requiring a Sensor reboot
The following situations either cause or require a Sensor reboot. You have two options for rebooting
the Sensor. You can reboot the Sensor from the Manager interface, or you can issue the reboot CLI
command.
A Sensor reboot can take up to five minutes.
•
Issuing the following CLI commands causes an automatic reboot of the Sensor:
•
resetconfig
•
deletesignatures
•
factorydefaults
For more information on the Sensor CLI commands, see McAfee Network Security Platform CLI
Guide.
•
Changing the Sensor's management port IP address (IPv4 or IPv6) requires a manual reboot of the
Sensor, before the change takes into effect.
•
Certain internal software errors can cause the Sensor to reboot itself. See a description of Sensor
fault messages later in this chapter. For more information on Operational Status Viewer, see McAfee
Network Security Platform Manager Administration Guide.
•
Enabling/disabling SSL requires a Sensor reboot.
•
Enabling/disabling parsing and detection of attacks in IPv6 traffic passing through the Sensor
monitoring port requires a manual reboot of the Sensor.
In the Manager user interface, you can enable/disable parsing and detection of attacks in IPv6
traffic with the Scan IPv6 traffic for attacks option from the IP Settings tab (IPS Settings/<Device_Name> | Advanced
Scanning | IP Settings). For more information, see Configuring IP Settings for IPv4 and IPv6 traffic,
McAfee Network Security Platform IPS Administration Guide.
•
Upgrading Sensor software requires a manual reboot of the Sensor.
Reboot a Sensor using the Manager
The Reboot Sensor action restarts a Sensor. You perform this action in the Manager interface.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
13
1
Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Issues and status checks for the Sensor
To reboot a Sensor, do the following:
Task
1
Select <Admin_Domain_Name> | Device List | <Device_Name> | Physical Device | Reboot.
2
Click Reboot Now.
Reboot a Sensor using the reboot command
The reboot command restarts a Sensor. You perform this action in the Sensor CLI:
Task
1
At the prompt, type:
reboot
2
Confirm reboot.
Sensor does not boot
If you cannot get the Sensor to boot, try the following:
•
Check to ensure that the Sensor is powered on. Check the LEDs on the front of the Sensor.
•
Check the front panel LEDs to ensure that the Sensor temperature is normal. For more information
on Sensor LEDs, see the McAfee Network Security Platform Sensor Product Guide for your Sensor
model.
•
If you receive an error message in the CLI: "OS not found," you might have a corrupted internal
flash. If you see this error, contact Technical Support to obtain help in recovering the Sensor.
Sensor stays in bad health
In certain instances, the Sensor stays in bad or uninitialized health state indefinitely. The bad health of
the Sensor could be due to signature file download failure, or error while starting the Sensor.
You can perform the following high-level troubleshooting steps to trace the error:
1
14
Execute the following commands and check the output for any errors:
•
show
•
status
•
show sensor health
•
show startup stats
2
Check if the hardware is connected correctly.
3
Check the InfoCollector tool for logs and the configuration backup.
4
Check if the issue is due to signature file download failure. If it is due to the aforementioned error,
contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
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Issues and status checks for the Sensor
5
Execute show startup stats debug CLI command and check the output for any errors.
IntruDbg#> show startup stats
Controller not ready to send INIT_ACKs to datapaths and dos.
initial READY msg : not yet received from datapaths and dos
dos has sent INIT_DONE.
datapath0 has not sent INIT_DONE.
datapath1 has sent INIT_DONE.
datapath2 has not sent INIT_DONE.
datapath3 has not sent INIT_DONE.
datapath4 has sent INIT_DONE.
datapath5 has sent INIT_DONE.
datapath6 has sent INIT_DONE.
datapath7 has sent INIT_DONE.
dos has not sent READY.
datapath0 has not sent READY.
datapath1 has not sent READY.
sb1cpu0 has not sent READY.
sb1cpu1 has not sent READY.
sb2cpu0 has not sent READY.
sb2cpu1 has not sent READY.
sb3cpu0 has not sent READY.
sb3cpu1 has not sent READY.
6
Try to power cycle or netboot or reload the Sensor image.
7
Check if the issue is due to corrupt flash. Execute the flashcheck debug CLI command. Confirm
that the output does not have any errors.
Checking Flash may take more than 15 minutes and Sensor will go into Layer2 during
command execution.
Please enter Y to confirm:
Checking Flash....
Flash check successful. No errors in Flash
If the problem still persists, contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
Debugging critical Sensor issues
CLI commands in the debug mode are used to improve supportability of the Sensor for better
debugging of critical issues. For more information on the CLI debugging commands, see the McAfee
Network Security Platform CLI Guide.
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Sensor response if its throughput is exceeded
Each Sensor model has a limited throughput. For example, the Network Security Platform M-2950
Sensor is rated at 1Gbps performance. With the Gigabit interfaces it is theoretically possible to cross
the limit. What happens in this situation? Will it throttle the throughput to 1Gbps or will you just lose
the IPS functionality for everything more than 1Gbps?
The answer is that the Sensor will drop packets irrespective of the TCP flow violation settings. We also
have the latency monitor feature where the Sensor can inline-forward traffic without IPS inspection if
it crosses the limit. There could also be false negatives and the traffic might experience high latency.
It is very important that you stay within the operating parameters of the device you deploy. If you are
actually running at gigabit speeds, you should probably be running an M-3050/M-4050/M-6050/
M-8000/NS9100/NS9200 and NS9300 Sensor, which all have a much higher throughput.
Sensor latency monitor management
All networks working from layer 2 through layer 7 experience some amount of latency. Latency
monitor provides a means to reduce latency introduced by the Sensor, when the amount of traffic seen
on the network substantially exceeds the Sensor capacity. Sensor latency can be due to various
factors such as the policies configured, protocols, content, applications, type of traffic flowing through
the Sensor and so on. The Inspection Options Policies configured also adds to the latency. The following
features consumes Sensor resources which results in latency:
•
HTTP Response Traffic Scanning
•
Advanced Malware Policies
•
Traffic Inspection
•
SSL decryption
•
Advanced Botnet Detection
The latency can be reduced or varied, if Sensors detect the latency condition. Whenever there is a
latency in the network, the Sensor performs the following functions:
•
Raises an alert in the Manager whenever there is a latency in processing the packets
•
Mitigates latency by switching to layer 2 mode
Latency monitor is available in all M-series and NS-series Sensor models.
Latency monitor feature configured monitors the time consumed for processing the packets. If the
number of packets exceeds the threshold for which processing time is high, then it is considered as a
condition of latency. You can configure latency monitor as alert-only mode or layer 2 mode. When
latency is detected, based on the configuration, an alert is raised in the Manager for the alert-only
mode. If it is configured for mitigation, the latency is mitigated before an alert is raised in the
Manager.
Latency monitor feature is disabled by default. The feature has to be enabled only when there is
latency in the network introduced by the Sensor. If the feature is kept enabled, then there is a
possibility of some attacks not being detected by the Sensor.
To mitigate latency, the Sensor switches to layer 2 mode based on the sensitivity level configured. This
takes less than a second after latency is detected. After latency is mitigated, the Sensor switches back
to inline mode, depending on the time configured using the CLI command latency-monitor
restore-inline. For example, if the latency-monitor restore-inline command is configured for 10
minutes, then the Sensor tries to switch back to online mode (from layer 2) after 10 minutes.
If the Sensor is not configured to return to inline mode automatically, then it has to be manually
restored to inline mode from layer 2 mode using the CLI command latency-monitor restore-inline.
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1
Network Security Platform provides latency monitoring at three different sensitivity levels. The
sensitivity levels configured in latency monitor checks for latency in two different stages:
Stage 1
•
High sensitivity — Checks for latency in every incoming packet before processing.
•
Medium sensitivity — Checks for latency in every alternate packet before processing.
•
Low sensitivity — Does not check for latency.
In the above scenarios, if latency is not detected, the packets are forwarded for further processing to
stage 2.
Stage 2
Once latency is detected, the packets are processed through multiple phases taking optimized
measures internally to handle high latency. If latency is mitigated by this process, then the Sensor
returns to normal processing. If latency is not mitigated, then the Sensor switches to layer 2 mode if
configured.
The time consumed for processing each packet is calculated when the packet is being processed by
the Sensor. The calculations are based on the following parameters:
•
Number of packets for which the latency is high
•
Duration for which this latency condition persists
This duration for which the latency condition is monitored depends on the configured sensitivity level.
Latency is detected based on the following sensitivity level thresholds configured:
•
High latency — If latency is experienced (high) for 1/6th of a second for every 50 packets
•
Medium latency – If latency is experienced for 2/6th of a second for every 100 packets
•
Low latency – If latency is experienced (persists) for 3/6th of a second for every 150 packets
When latency is detected, the Sensor switches to latency management mode trying to mitigate latency
by optimizing processes. During this mode, the situation is continuously monitored to check if the
latency is mitigated. Optimization of processes may include turning off the attack detection and
packets being forwarded without attack detection. The Sensor switches to layer 2 mode, if enabled,
when latency is not mitigated even after running the optimization processes.
The following CLI commands for Oversubscription are deprecated:
•
set oversubscription enable
•
set oversubscription disable
•
show oversubscription status
McAfee recommends that you use latency monitoring instead.
Enable latency monitor
You can use the following CLI commands to enable, set sensitivity level, and check the status of
latency monitor feature:
latency-monitor enable action
Enables latency monitoring in the Sensor and also specifies the action to be performed if high latency
is observed in the Sensor.
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The following are the actions that can be specified in this command:
•
alert-only (generates an alert when a high latency is observed in the Sensor)
•
put-in-layer2 (generates an alert and also forwards the traffic to layer 2).
Alerts that are generated can be seen in the System faults page in the Manager.
Syntax:
latency-monitor enable action <alert-only | put-in-layer2>
This command should be executed with a parameter value, else the command is treated as invalid.
If layer2-forward is enabled, it is necessary to set the layer 2 mode to be on. Otherwise the
layer2-forward action does not get executed.
Example:
latency-monitor enable action alert-only
latency-monitor sensitivity-level
Configures the sensitivity level for latency management.
Syntax:
latency-monitor sensitivity-level high
latency-monitor sensitivity-level medium
latency-monitor sensitivity-level low
latency-monitor restore-inline
When a high latency is observed on the Sensor and the latency monitor is configured, the Sensor
remains in layer 2 until a layer2 mode deassert is invoked or the Sensor reboots. This command
allows the Sensor to come out of layer 2 mode without layer 2 deassert. The Sensor restores to inline
from layer 2 if the following conditions are met:
•
The latency monitor has put the Sensor in layer 2 mode.
•
The Sensor is in good health. If the Sensor is in bad health, a deassert cannot be performed and
the Sensor reboots.
•
A substantial amount of time has lapsed, as configured using this command, when the Sensor went
into layer 2 due to latency. The default time to trigger an automatic layer 2 deassert is 10 minutes.
If the latency continues to exist after the Sensor is restored to inline mode, the Sensor behaves
according to the current setting of the latency monitor.
Syntax:
latency-monitor restore-inline enable <10-60>
latency-monitor restore-inline disable
Parameter Description
<10-60>
The time in minutes to trigger the restore inline from layer 2. It is counted since the
time the Sensor moved into layer 2 state due to high latency.
The latency-monitor status command displays the status of the latency monitor feature, and the
status of the restore-inline feature of the latency monitor.
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latency-monitor
Disables the latency monitoring feature or displays the status of latency monitoring feature.
Syntax:
latency-monitor <disable | status>
Default Value:
Latency monitoring feature is disabled by default. If disabled, latency monitoring feature does not
generate any alert nor forward the traffic to layer 2 when high latency is observed.
If latency monitoring is enabled, the following information is displayed.
•
latency monitoring status (enable or disable)
•
configured action (alert-only or layer2-forward)
Management of different types of traffic
Non-ethernet frames are forwarded without inspection.
The following are the types of special traffic:
•
Jumbo Ethernet frames
•
ISL frames
See also
Jumbo ethernet frames on page 19
ISL frames on page 19
Jumbo ethernet frames
Sensors respond differently to jumbo frames based on which ports are receiving them. Inspection is
available for jumbo frames only for M-3050, M-4050, M-6050, and M-8000 Sensors.
•
10/100 (FE) ports: Jumbo frames are not supported. When a 10/100 port receives a jumbo frame,
the frame is dropped.
•
1000 (GE) port: The frame is passed through the Sensor, but is not subjected to IPS inspection.
ISL frames
All McAfee Network Security Sensor (Sensor) models (running all Sensor software versions) pass ISL
frames through the Sensor without IPS inspection.
Sensor failover issues
Checking the following connections and settings might resolve Sensor failover issues.
•
The Sensor model and Sensor image version on both the peer Sensors should be the same.
•
The Sensor license and IPv6 status should be identical on the peer Sensors.
•
Identify the interconnect port for the selected model because the interconnect ports vary for
different models.
•
Check on the FO type setting on the Sensor. The failover creation would fail if the FO type is set on
the primary Sensor.
•
The Sensor health status should be good and normal.
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XC cable connection issues for M8000 Sensors
XC cable connection issues can occur in the M8000 Sensors due to improper cabling of XFP
interconnect ports(XC2, XC3, XC5 and XC6).
Check the following connections in the M8000 Sensors while facing such issues.
•
One end of an LC-LC fiber-optic cable should be plugged into the XC2 port of the primary Sensor
and the other end of the cable to be plugged into the XC5 port of the secondary Sensor.
•
One end of an LC-LC fiber-optic cable should be plugged into the XC3 port of the primary Sensor
and the other end of the cable to be plugged into the XC6 port of the secondary Sensor.
XC cable connection issues for NS9300 Sensors
XC cable connection issues can occur in the NS9300 Sensors due to improper cabling of interconnect
ports(G0/1, G0/2, G4/1, and G4/2).
Check the following connections in the NS9300 Sensors while facing such issues.
•
One end of an LC-LC fiber-optic cable should be plugged into the G0/1 port of the primary Sensor
and the other end of the cable to be plugged into the G4/1 port of the secondary Sensor.
•
One end of an LC-LC fiber-optic cable should be plugged into the G0/2 port of the primary Sensor
and the other end of the cable to be plugged into the G4/2 port of the secondary Sensor.
External fail-open kit issues in connecting to the monitoring
port
External fail-open kit issues can occur due to disconnection of network device cables and improper
cabling or port configuration.
By having a check on the following connections might resolve the issue.
•
Ensure that the cables are properly connected to both the network devices and the Bypass Switch.
•
Ensure that the transmit and receive cables are properly connected to the Bypass Switch.
Fail-open kit related issues
Issues related to fail-open kit at the customer's environment
Applicable to Sensor models: M-series, NS-series
Problem scenarios
20
1
Passive fail-open does not bypass even though the fail-open kit Sensor is down/Sensor is rebooted
2
Passive fail-open does not come up and continuously flaps
3
Active fail-open does not come up and continuously flaps
4
Active fail-open to Sensor link flaps continuously
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Data/Information Collection
1
2
Execute the following commands in the Sensor:
•
show
•
show inlinepktdropstat <port>
•
status
•
show sensor-load
•
show intfport <port> (multiple times)
Check the following details:
•
Active fail-open type (model) and configuration
•
Cables and SFP type
•
Physical connection details (network topology)
•
Peer device port configuration
3
Trace the Sensor files.
4
Check the infoCollector tool for the logs including the configuration backup. (This is optional in case
the issue is required to be reproduced locally)
Following are the troubleshooting steps for the various problem scenarios:
Problem 1: Passive fail-open does not bypass even though the fail-open kit Sensor
is down/Sensor is rebooted
1
Check if the Sensor is up and in good state.
2
In the Physical Ports page of the Manager, check the following configurations:
•
Port is configured to Inline Fail-Open Passive
•
Appropriate media is selected, Copper/Fiber
•
Auto-Negotiate is selected.
3
If peer device port does not support MDIX, use an appropriate cable to bring up the link during the
Sensor bypass. If it does not work, check the Passive Fail-Open Kit for any hardware issues.
4
While using Passive Fail-Open Kit, make sure to disable the STP on the peer device ports to avoid
auto renegotiate.
While using Passive Fail-Open Kit, each Sensor port individually negotiates with peer port initially when
the Sensor is in inline mode. When the Sensor goes to bypass mode, the peer device port re-negotiates
with each other. Make sure to enable Portfast on peer devices to minimize network outage.
Problem 2: Passive fail-open does not come up and continuously flaps
1
Check if the Sensor is up and in good state.
2
In the Physical Ports page of the Manager, check the following configurations:
•
Port is configured to Inline Fail-Open Passive
•
Appropriate media is selected, Copper/Fiber
•
Auto-Negotiate is selected.
•
Appropriate cable is used. The cable type should be Cat5e and above for copper, and for fiber
single-mode/multi-mode depending on the SFP used.
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3
Check the control cable connection and the right controller port.
4
Check if the SFPs are according to McAfee's recommendations.
5
Check for bad/defective cable and SFPs.
6
Check if the peer device port is working and if the port settings are set to Auto-Negotiate.
7
Ensure local port testing (by connecting monitoring ports back to back).
8
Swap the working SFP and cables from another port pair.
9
If all the above steps fail, RMA the Sensor.
Problem 3: Active fail-open does not come up and continuously flaps
1
Check if the Sensor is up and in good state.
2
Use McAfee recommended transceivers (normal SFP for 1G, SPF+ for 10G, and QSP for 10G ports).
3
Check the Active Fail-Open Kit monitoring port setting (specifically Auto-Negotiate and speed settings).
It should be the same as Sensor monitoring ports and peer device.
4
Ensure local loopback port testing (by connecting monitoring ports back to back).
5
Swap the working SFP and cables from another port pair.
6
Check the load on the Sensor.
7
If all the above steps fail, RMA the Sensor.
Steps to Configure and Debug active fail-open
When configuring the Active Fail-Open Kit, in case of flapping issues, the configuration on the network
peer ports must match with the one on Active Fail-Open Kit-Sensor monitoring port pair.
22
1
Ensure the power to the Optical Bypass Switch is on.
2
Using a DB-9 RS232 programming cable. Connect a PC that is running the HyperTerminal to the
Optical Bypass Switch.
3
Launch a terminal emulation software like HyperTerminal, and set the following communication
parameters:
•
Bits per second: 19200
•
Flow control: None
•
Stop bit: 1
•
Parity: None
•
Data bits: 8
4
Click OK. The CLI banner and login prompt are displayed.
5
Type the default username and password. (The default username and password is McAfee and is
case sensitive).
6
Once you are logged in, use the following commands in the table to configure and troubleshoot the
Active Fail-Open Kit:
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Command Description
a
Set the timeout value.
To set the Timeout value, do the following:
• Type a and press Enter.
• TimeOut period (1-254 sec). Type the number of seconds between each
heartbeat (1-254 seconds) and press Enter. Default = 1.
• Retry Count (1-254). Type the number of missed heartbeats allowed before the
Bypass Switch enters the On mode. Default = 3.
The Retry Count must be greater than or equal to the Timeout period.
b
Set Switch parameters.
To set speed duplex and auto-negotiation, LFD, bypass detect:
• 1= turn On.
• 0 = turn Off.
• Fail Mode Open/Close= 1
The LFD and Bypass detecting mode settings cannot be changed.
c
Set TAP mode.
• Type c and press Enter.
• Type 1 to set the tap mode On or 0 to set the tap mode Off. Default = Off.
d
Show configuration.
Type d and press Enter. The following is displayed:
• LFD = On
• Fail Mode= Open
• Timeout Period= 1
• Bypass State= Off
• Bypass Detect= Off
• TAP Mode= Off
• Retry Count= 3
e
Show port status.
Type e and press Enter. The following is displayed:
• Port A= Up/Down
• Port B= Up/Down
• Port 1= Up/Down
• Port 2= Up/Down
f
Set Switch name.
• Type f and press Enter.
• At the prompt, type the Switch name, which can be 8 characters long.
z
Reset to Factory Defaults.
Problem 4: Active fail-open to Sensor link flaps continuously
1
Check if the Sensor is up and in a good state.
2
Use McAfee recommended transceivers (normal SFP for 1G, SPF+ for 10G, and QSP for 10G ports).
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3
Check the Active Fail-Open Kit monitoring port setting (specifically Auto-Negotiate and speed settings).
It should be the same as Sensor monitoring ports and peer device.
4
Check the Sensor ports (by connecting monitoring ports back to back).
5
Swap the working SFPs and cables from the other working port pair.
6
Swap the working Active Fail-Open Kit to confirm if a hardware problem exists or not.
7
Check the load on the Sensor to make sure that Sitera is dropping the HB packets from the Active
Fail-Open Kit. To test if the Sitera is dropping the HB packets, contact McAfee Support for further
assistance.
Debugging issues with Connection Limiting policies
Connection Limiting policies consist of a set of rules that enable the Sensors to limit the number of
connections a host can establish or a connection rate. This section provides troubleshooting steps to
resolve few issues with Connection Limiting policies.
Before you begin
Check that the Connection Limiting policy is correctly configured.
•
You can configure the Connection Limiting policy with the monitoring ports in SPAN, tap,
or inline modes. The response actions differ for SPAN and tap modes. In these modes,
the Sensor cannot block the connections or quarantine the hosts.
•
The connections are limited based on the predefined threshold value. The threshold
value is defined as connections per second or active connections. For example, if you
define 1 connection per second as the threshold value, then, 10 connections are allowed
per 10 seconds. So, if there are 10 connections in the first second, all other connections
from the second to the tenth second are dropped. On the other hand, if you have 1
connection for each second, all the 10 connections until the tenth second are allowed.
•
Connection Limiting rule based on Protocol applies to both IPv4 and IPv6 traffic.
Connection limiting rule based on McAfee GTI applies to only IPv4 traffic. GTI does not
support IPv6 traffic.
•
The Connection Limiting alert raised is IP: Too many TCP/UDP/ICMP sessions. This alert
is present in the IPS Policies.
Perform these steps to configure a basic Connection Limiting policy.
Task
24
1
Go to Policy | Intrusion Prevention | Connection Limiting Policies and select Connection Limiting Rules.
2
Click New and configure the rule properties.
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3
In Connection Limiting Rules, set the parameters like state, direction, and response.
Figure 1-1 Connection Limiting Rule
4
Go to Devices | Devices | <Device_name> | IPS Interfaces.
5
From the interfaces, select <interface_name> | <subinterface_name> | Protection Profile | Connection Limiting Policy.
6
Select the Assign a Connection Limiting Policy? checkbox.
7
Select the required Connection Limiting policy on the Sensor interface and click Save.
Make sure the IP: Too many TCP/UDP/ICMP sessions alert is enabled in the IPS policy that is applied
on the Sensor interface.
8
Deploy the configuration changes to the Sensor.
Troubleshooting Connection Limiting issues
After Connection Limiting policies are configured, you might see issues like:
•
No alerts are raised in the Manager
•
Excess packets are not dropped or denied
•
Hosts are not quarantined
Connection Limiting rules can be configured with protocol types Alert only, Alert & Drop Excess Connections,
Alert & Deny Excess Connections and Alert & Quarantine.
Perform these steps to troubleshoot issues like alerts not raised in the Manager, excess packets not
dropped or denied, or hosts not quarantined after reaching the threshold value.
1
Make sure that the Connection Limiting policy rules are configured and applied to the Sensor
interface.
2
From the Sensor CLI, run the show inlinepktdropstat all CLI command and check if the Conn
Limiting Pkt Drop Count is 0. This means that the configured threshold value is not reached.
Only when the count reaches a threshold value, alerts are triggered in the Manager.
3
Check whether the incoming traffic rate to the Sensor meets the Connection Limiting rule's
threshold value. If it does not meet the threshold value, send the corresponding traffic rate.
4
Set a lower threshold value and check the active connections or connections per second.
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5
Check if there is any firewall ignore rule for the source IP address configured in the Connection
Limiting rule. Go to Policy | Firewall Policies | <Firewall Policy> | Access Rules to check if a source IP
address's Response is set as Stateless Ignore or Ignore.
6
Check if the source IP address configured in the Connection Limiting rule is part of the Quarantine
Exceptions list. Go to Devices | Global | IPS Device Settings | Quarantine | Default Port Settings to if source IP
address is quarantined.
Considerations for GTI connection limiting and XFF feature
When you configure GTI and XFF for a connection limiting rule:
•
The Sensor cannot perform GTI lookup on the XFF IP address. That is, the GTI-based connection
limiting does not work when the XFF feature is enabled.
•
When the XFF feature is enabled, the Sensor expects that all HTTP flows should have XFF data in
the HTTP header.
•
The Sensor supports connection limiting on XFF based on protocol-based connection limiting.
Alert Detection Matrix
The table briefs how alerts are detected based on the connection limiting type and XFF feature
configuration.
Connection
limiting type
XFF
configuration
XFF or Non XFF Proxy IP
tag traffic sent reputation
to Sensor
XFF IP
Alert
detection
Protocol
Disabled
Without XFF
-
Yes
Protocol
Enabled
With XFF
-
Yes
Protocol
Enabled
Without XFF
-
No
GTI
Disabled
Without XFF
-
Yes
GTI
Enabled
With XFF
Low risk
High
risk
GTI
Enabled
With XFF
High risk
Low risk No
GTI
Enabled
Without XFF
-
-
No
No
Issues with Quarantine
Network Security Platform enables you to quarantine your network hosts when required.
There are two ways to quarantine hosts:
•
Configure the Sensor to quarantine hosts automatically when they generate specific attacks.
•
Manually quarantine specific hosts that are listed in the Real-time Threat Analyzer.
You might see these issues while quarantining:
•
Real-time Threat Analyzer quarantine list does not have a host entry, but the host is stuck.
•
Real-time Threat Analyzer has a host that is not deleted after the expiry time. You might also see
an error when manually deleting a host from the Threat Analyzer.
To confirm if it is a quarantine issue, put the Sensor in Layer 2 or add the host IP address to the
Quarantine Exceptions list and check if the issue is resolved. If the issue is not resolved, contact McAfee
Support.
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Issues and status checks for the Manager
This section describes issues and status checks specific to the Manager.
Contents
The Manager connectivity to the database
MySQL issues
Sensor not displayed in the resource tree
The Manager fails to start
The Manager interface does not work after JRE update
Message on loading the Manager does not disappear
Unable to log on to the Manager after typing credentials
Portions of the interface do not load properly
Prompt appears in Threat Analyzer to open or save a JNLP file
Login button does not work
When using Internet Explorer 9 Real Time Threat Analyzer file download gets into a loop
The Manager client is unble to contact the Manager server when launching the Real Time Threat
Analyzer
Real Time Threat Analyzer has strange behavior
Real Time Threat Analyzer security warning box keeps popping up
Threat Analyzer UI stuck at downloading maps
Many options are grayed out in Threat Analyzer menu
Unable to get alerts in Historical Threat Analyzer
The Manager connectivity to the database
In the event that the Manager loses connectivity to the database (i.e. the database goes down) the
alerts are stored in a flat file on the Manager server. When the database connectivity is restored, the
alerts are stored in the database.
The Manager database is full
We recommend that the customer monitor the disk space on a continuous basis to prevent this from
happening.
If the Manager database or disk space is full, the Manager will unable to process any new alerts or
packet logs. In addition, the Manager might not be able to process any configuration changes,
including policy changes and alert acknowledgement. In fact, the Manager might stop functioning
completely.
To rectify this situation, please perform maintenance operations on the database, including deleting
unnecessary alerts and packet logs. Furthermore, please reevaluate database capacity planning and
sizing, and monitor free space proactively. The Manager is designed with various file and disk
maintenance functions. You can archive alert and packetlog data and then delete the data to free up
disk space. It also provides a standalone tool for creating database backups that can be archived for
emergency restoration.
The Manager also provides disk maintenance alerts, which send proactive system fault messages when
the Manager disk space reaches a threshold of 51%. The Manager generates the disk space warning
fault for disk space utilization. The severity of this fault changes with respect to the percentage of
increase in the disk space utilization.
The Manager database fails to start
Below are some of the reasons for the Manager database failing to start.
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•
The Manager database process is already running. This can be checked by opening Windows Task
Manager and looking for mysqld.exe with Memory foot print of hundreds of MB.
•
Start the service "McAfee Network Security Manager Database" from services window. If the
service has not started, check for the reason of failure in <DBInstalldir>\data\<hostname>.err
file.
•
In the command prompt, navigate to <DBInstalldir>\bin and run "mysqld - -console" manually.
For a successful startup the message will be displayed as shown below:
130626 12:05:04 [Note] mysqld: ready for connections.
Version: '5.5.31-enterprise-commercial-advanced-log' socket: '' port: 3306 MySQL Enterprise Server - Advanced
Edition (Commercial)
The version number and commercial license definition will vary across Manager versions.
To close the successful startup session, use "CTRL-C" command.
For an unsuccessful startup, the process will be abruptly shutdown mentioning the error.
If unexpected database service shutdown occurs, check the <hostname>.err file for possible reason.
Also, during this unexpected shutdown, mysql will create a minidump i.e. mysqld.dmp in the data
directory. If required, this file can be used for further analysis.
MySQL issues
The common symptoms that occur if your database tables become corrupt:
•
.MYI or .MYD errors reported in the ems.log file.
•
Inability to acknowledge or delete faults in Operational Status .
•
When trying to view packet log for in the Threat Analyzer, you receive an error message:
No Packet log available for this alert at this time
If you think that your MySQL database tables have become corrupt, follow the instructions on verifying
your tables, which is available in McAfee KnowledgeBase article KB60660. (Go to http://
mysupport.mcafee.com, and click Search the KnowledgeBase.)
Sensor not displayed in the resource tree
After adding the Sensor and establishing trust, if the Sensor is not displayed in the resource tree,
perform the following steps for troubleshooting:
Task
28
1
Capture traffic using wireshark in the Manager.
2
Check if the Manager is receiving UDP response packets from the Sensor.
3
Configure the firewall to allow UDP traffic if response packets are not coming.
4
Check if the Manager machine has multiple NIC cards. If yes, open <NSM_INSTALL_DIR>/bin/
tms.bat and modify the following line to assign a relevant IP address that is also used in Sensor
configuration:
5
Set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dlumos.fixedManagerSNMPIPaddress=""
6
Restart the Manager.
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1
You can enable detailed debugging messages by modifying <NSM_INSTALL_DIR>/config/
log4j_ism.xml file by adding and changing the following lines if it is already exists
•
<category name="iv.core.DiscoveryService"> <priority value="DEBUG"/></category>
•
<category name="iv.core.SensorConfiguration"> <priority value="DEBUG"/></
category>
The Manager fails to start
Below are some of the common reasons for the Manager failing to start:
•
The Manager Java process is already running. This can be checked by opening Windows Task
Manager and looking for a java.exe with Memory foot print of hundreds of MB. Alternatively install
sysinternals' Process Explorer from HTTP://TECHNET.MICROSOFT.COM/EN-US/SYSINTERNALS/
BB896653 to locate the java process. If found, as indicated in the following image, it should be
removed.
Figure 1-2 Check if Manager Java process is already running
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•
In the command prompt, navigate to <NSMInstallaitonDirectory>/bin and run tms.bat
manually. Then check for below conditions.
•
One of the TCP ports that Manager binds to is in use. Use netstat -nab to list out all ports in
use. These netstat options also identifies the executable that is binding to the port and the
executable should be stopped.
Figure 1-3 Check netstats
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•
1
Check whether the logged user on the server has permissions to launch McAfee Network
Security Manager service. This can be found by right clicking on the service, selecting Properties
and then Log On tab. So, if the logged in user doesn't have permission to run local service, then
the Manager does not start.
Figure 1-4 Check user permissions
•
The server does not have enough RAM. The tms.bat file has a -Xmx<MaxHeap> setting in MB
that specifies Java heap in MB that needs to be allocated to the process. If the server does not
have that much RAM, then process will not start.
•
Sometimes, especially on 32-bit machines when there are instances of heap exhaustion, when
you try to increase the maximum heap setting to a larger volume assuming to be having full
2000MB available. However stack space, native libraries share memory in the same 2000MB
space and java heap cannot be higher than 1170MB. So, check that -Xmx setting is not greater
than 1170MB if it is a 32 bit machine.
•
The process fails to start with a classloader exception such as ClassNotFound. This typically
indicates issues with the Manager installation. A fresh installation or upgrade as appropriate
should resolve the issue.
Tasks
•
Analyze memory-related issues on page 31
Analyze memory-related issues
Memory-related issues occur in the Manager when the amount of the heap space allocated by the
Operating System, based on JVM options (-Xms, -Xmx) specified in tms.bat, is not enough for the
application to continue to behave in desired manner.
Typical symptoms include:
•
Application not being responsive – CPU usage of the Java process being high.
•
Application crashing – terminating.
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•
Communication channel(s) flap between the Manager and the device – channel connections being
reset frequently.
•
Application not being able to start.
The following logs are required for analysis:
•
Infocollector logs (mainly ems, emsmem, acqount, slowquery, DB err file).
•
Threads stack trace and CPU usage using stack trace and collect live objects in heap memory
space using the heap dump tool.
These logs are required before restarting the application, which is usually done to restore the
application, unless it is recurring issue; heap dump tool or stack trace doesn't require a restart
as in most cases memory leak might not be reproduced. And without these logs, an RCA would
be extremely challenging.
Task
1
Establish that JVM has experienced memory overload. This can be known by searching the info
collector log with string OutOfMemoryError. The most preferred way is to perform a global search in
all the files part of InfoCollector whose file name starts with ems* - with wildcard , which can be
done using text editors like TextPad. If there are no search results, it signifies that JVM does not
experience any memory issue because of the Manager application, but it could be caused by other
applications or some operating System dlls - check JVM crash files.
2
If there is above exception , check the emsmem logs to know the time of memory and frequency;
usually most cases exhibit either slow memory, over a period of days or months, or sudden
decrease in memory.
3
After establishing the time of memory leak, check alert rate in aqcount logs. The recommended
value is maximum 60alert/sec; Any value above this value over a period of time can cause memory
issues. Alert Rate can be calculated from aqcount logs using the following method:
•
•
Look for an entry similar to : "2012-07-31 13:27:52,012 AltQ:EPR-RCD: 6178500 0
112".There are three important information that needs to extracted namely :
•
(t1)timestamp(2012-07-31 13:27:52,012)
•
Alert received string(AltQ:EPR-RCD)
•
alert count(6178500).
Now look for next immediately occurring entry which contains "AltQ:EPR-RCD";this entry will
have an alert count greater by 300 - so if the above example is considered then alert count will
be 6178800 - and note the (t2)timestamp of this entry
Alert Rate = 300/(t2-t1)
32
4
Check the MySQL errors logs to find if there are any errors messages.
5
Check Slowquery logs to find out if there are any queries that are being called repeatedly and
taking considerable amount time to execute - more than 5-10 minutes.
6
Search for all the error messages in ems logs using string "error" - similar to first step. Observe for
the error messages that have occurred during the time interval of memory leak.
7
If heap dump - .bin file with prefixes 850heap, 1500heap - is available then it can be used in the
heap dump analyzer tools like MAT, VisualVM which will identify the suspects causing memory leak.
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The Manager interface does not work after JRE update
Problem/Symptom: The JRE on the client workstation was updated from version 1.6 to version 1.7
and now portions of the Manager interface does not work.
Potential Cause:
•
The Manager prior to 7.1.3.5 and 6.1.1.34 did not support JRE 1.7.
•
If you want to run JRE 1.7, you must install the Manager versions that supports Java version 1.7.
•
If you cannot upgrade the Manager to the version that support 1.7, you must re-install Java 1.6 on
your client system.
Remedy:
To verify the version of the Manager, look for the version in the main menu. If the Manager is version
6.1.1.33 or below, then upgrade to version 6.1.1.34 or above refer to the release notes.
•
Network Security Platform 6.1.1.34-6.1.1.154 I-series Release Notes
•
Network Security Platform 6.1.1.34-6.1.1.154 M-series Release Notes
If the Manager is version 7.1. or below, then upgrade to version 7.1.3.5 or higher, refer to release
notes Network Security Platform 7.1.3.5-7.1.3.6 M-series Release Notes
If you cannot upgrade the Manager to the version that supports Java 1.7, you will need to re-install
JRE 6.x from the 'Add Remove programs'. Uninstall Java 7. Reconnect to the Manager and install the
Java version when prompted.
Message on loading the Manager does not disappear
Problem/Symptom: A message is displayed stating "NSM is currently loading" but the message does
not go away even after several minutes.
Potential Cause:
•
•
The Manager server (Java) tries to establish connections to the web server. If any of the server
communication are not established, the Manager will not startup properly. The problem might be
due to:
•
Java process not running on serverClient.
•
The client cannot talk to server (blocked ports).
•
Database not running on the server.
The Manager server process is not running on the appliance or on the Manager software.
Remedy:
Verify that the service is started and running properly.
1
From the Start Menu search bar type 'cmd' to open the command-prompt with elevated privileges.
2
Run the command IMAGENAME eq java.exe to verify if Java is running on the server.
3
Check the output for java.exe on the server to ensure that the mem usage is above 500MB. If
there is nothing listed, the Manager service is not running.
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4
Run the following commands on a command prompt to verify that 8501 to 8505 are open and
actively listening.
•
netstat -an | find "LISTENING" |
find "8501"
•
netstat -an | find "LISTENING" |
find "8504"
•
netstat -an | find "LISTENING" |
find "8502"
•
netstat -an | find "LISTENING" |
find "8505"
•
netstat -an | find "LISTENING" |
find "8503"
5
Verify if mysql is running, by executing the command netstat -an | find "LISTENING" | find
"3306".
6
Try to start the Manager manually by running tms.bat from <install path>/App/bin/. Look for
error messages at the bottom of this output.
7
Check the bottom of the emsout.log file in <install path>/App/ for errors.
Unable to log on to the Manager after typing credentials
Problem/Symptom: From the logon page, after typing the user name and password, the Manager
application does not open. It displays only a blank page.
Potential Cause:
The Manager requires the window's pop-up capability to be disabled or have an exclusion configured.
Remedy:
Disable the pop-up blocker functionality.
or
Create an exception for the Manager server IP addresses.
Table 1-1
Internet Explorer
To disable pop-up blocker
To add exception to pop-up blocker list
1 From the command prompt, execute 1 From the command prompt, execute the command
the command Inetcpl.cpl. The
Inetcpl.cpl. The Internet Properties window is displayed.
Internet Properties window is displayed.
2 In the Privacy tab, select the Turn on Pop-up Blocker checkbox.
2 In the Privacy tab, deselect the
3 Click Settings. The Pop-up Blocker Settings window is displayed.
checkbox option Turn on Pop-up Blocker.
4 In the Address of website to allowfield, add the IP address or
host name of the Manager to the list of websites to be
allowed.
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Table 1-2 Mozilla Firefox
To disable pop-up blocker
To add exception to pop-up blocker list
1 In the Firefox browser,select Tools
| Options and click the Content tab.
1 In the Firefox browser, select to Tools | Options and click on the
Content tab.
2 Deselect the, Block pop-up windows
checkbox.
2 Select the Block pop-up windows checkbox.
3 Click Exceptions. The Allowed sites Pop-ups window is displayed.
4 In the Address of website text field, add the IP address or host
name of the Manager to the list of web sites to be allowed.
Table 1-3 Google Chrome
To disable pop-up blocker
To add exception to pop-up blocker list
1 In the Google Chrome browser,
1 In the Google Chrome browser, type the following in the
type the following in the address
address bar: chrome://settings/contentExceptions#popups.
bar: chrome://chrome/settings/
The Content Settings window is displayed.
content. The Content Settings window
2 In the Hostname pattern field, add the IP address or host name
is displayed.
of the Manager to the list of exceptions.
2 Select Allow all sites to show pop-ups.
Portions of the interface do not load properly
Problem/Symptom: Portions of the interface does not load properly or a Java logo is displayed
instead of the normal interface.
Potential Cause:
•
There might be a conflict with the version of Java running on the client machine. This happens
during an upgrade to the Manager or to Java or any application that uses Java. An older/different
version of Java might be loaded, causing the Manager to behave inconsistently.
•
The Manager supports all minor versions of Java, either version 1.6 or 1.7.
•
If you need to run Java version 1.7, you must run version 6.1.1.35 or higher or the Manager
version 7.1.3.5 or higher.
•
If the base Java version is supported (either version 1.6 or 1.7), then there might be a version
mis-match on your client machine. Clearing the cache will ensure there is only one version on the
endpoint. Also verify there is only one version of Java running on the client workstation.
Remedy:
•
Check which version JRE is installed on your client machine by accessing the link http://
www.java.com/en/download/installed.jsp
or
In the Control Panel navigate to Java Control Panel window. Refer KB55469 at kc.mcafee.com to
determine which Java version shipped on your version of the Manager.
•
Try clearing temporary files using Java control panel, by performing the following steps.
1
In the Java Control Panel click the Settings tab.
2
Click Delete Files.
3
Select the files to be deleted and click OK.
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•
Uninstalling the currently installed client JRE will allow the Manager to push the default shipped JRE
back to the client and ensure that it is installed properly.
•
Uninstall the currently installed version by closing all browser windows and using the add/remove
programs function to uninstall Java.
Prompt appears in Threat Analyzer to open or save a JNLP file
Problem/Symptom: Clicking on Real time Threat Analyzer and Historical Threat Analyzer, launch
button prompts to open or save a JNLP file.
Potential Cause:
•
Browser is configured with 'do not save encrypted page on disk'.
•
JNLP association is incorrect.
Remedy:
Verify the browser settings by performing the following steps:
1
From the command prompt, execute the command Inetcpl.cpl.
2
Click on the Advanced tab and scroll down to the Security section.
3
Ensure that the option Do not save encrypted page to disk is deselected.
Verify the .jnlp file association in the Windows configuration. The first time you are prompted to open
a .jnlp file you can select the program, Java Web Start Launcher. Ensure that you save the setting
Always use the selected program to open this kind of file.
Table 1-4 Verifying .jnpl file association
For Windows 2003 and Windows XP
For Windows 2008 and Windows 7
1 From the command prompt, execute the
command control folders
1 Navigate to Control Panel | Default Programs.
or use the Folder Options function in the
Control Panel.
2 Click the File Types tab and scroll down to .jnlp.
2 Click on the link Associate a file type or protocol with a
specific program.
3 Scroll down to the .jnlp entry and click on the
Change program, then select Java Web Start Launcher.
3 Click Change and select Java Web Start Launcher from
the list
If it is not in the list, browse to the Java
install location which is usually C:\Program
Files\Java\jre<version>\bin\javaw.exe.
If it is not in the list, browser to the Java
install location which is usually C:\Program
Files (x86)\Java\jre<version>\bin\javaw.exe
Login button does not work
Problem/Symptom: The Login button does not work.
Potential Cause:Internet Options are too restrictive.
Remedy:
Verify the following Internet Explorer browser settings by executing the Inetcpl.cpl command from
the command prompt.
The Manager IP address or host name can be added to the trusted sites.
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Or
Modify the security zone’s settings to allow the required changes. To modify the settings:
1
Click the Security tab.
2
Click Custom Level and enable the following entries:
•
Run ActiveX Controls & Plugins
•
Script ActiveX Controls mark safe for scripting
•
Downloads: File Download
•
Scripting: Active Scripting
3
Click the Advanced tab and scroll down to the Security section.
4
Verify that the option Do not save encrypted page to disk is deselected.
When using Internet Explorer 9 Real Time Threat Analyzer file
download gets into a loop
Potential Cause:
Real Time Threat Analyzer relies on the Java WebStart functionality which downloads the JRE
application and data into the client workstation. The JNLP (Java Network Launching Protocol) setting
for JAVAW (Java webstart) is over-written.
Remedy:
Verify file type association is pointing to javaws.exe.
Verifying .jnpl file association
For Windows 2003 and Windows XP
For Windows 2008 and Windows 7
1 From the command prompt, execute the
command control folders
1 Navigate to Control Panel | Default Programs.
or Navigate to Control Panel | Folder Options.
2 Select the File Types tab and scroll down to .jnlp.
3 Click on the Change button and select Java Web
Start Launcher, from the list
If it is not in the list, browse to the Java
install location which is usually C:\Program
Files\Java\jre<version>\bin\javaw.exe
2 Click on the link Associate a file type or protocol with a
specific program
3 Scroll down to the .jnlp entry and click on the
Change program button and select Java Web Start
Launcher.
1f it is not in the list, browser to the Java
install location which is usually C:\Program
Files (x86)\Java\jre<version>\bin
\javaw.exe
The Manager client is unble to contact the Manager server
when launching the Real Time Threat Analyzer
Potential Cause:
Client traffic is blocked from getting to the server. Most likely a firewall is blocking the connection. The
Manager client communicates with the server via port 8555 for the Real Time Threat Analyzer.
Remedy:
Verify the port is open through the firewall. If telnet is not installed, then use the following command
to install the utility in Windows 7 pkgmgr /iu:"TelnetClient".
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telnet nsm-server-ip 8555
Check the firewall settings if it displays 'Could not open connection to the host, on port 8555: Connect
failed'.
Real Time Threat Analyzer has strange behavior
Potential Cause:
Real Time Threat Analyzer is sensitive to communication timing. It requires a certain operating window
(Real Time Threat Analyzer to backend).
Remedy:
Verify the communication between client and server. Ping the Manager server. You are looking for a
response time average is less than 200 ms. If the response is greater, increase the time-out value
specified in ems.properties in <install path>/App/config/ ta.timeout. Period value is set to 20
seconds. This should be changed to 60 if there is latency in the ping test. Restart the Manager service
for the change to take effect.
Real Time Threat Analyzer security warning box keeps popping
up
Potential Cause:
The publisher of the Manager certificate is not a trusted entity. The browser needs to trust the
certificate publisher to avoid the security warning. To trust the certificate the browser must use the
hostname of the Manager so the certificate and URL match.
Remedy:
•
Verify that the Manager is accessible by host name by executing the command ping <hostname>.
If it is not accessible, add the Manager name and IP to the internal DNS servers the same way it
appears in the certificate.
•
Trust the publisher of the Manager certificate by installing the certificate as a trusted root
certification authority:
1
In Internet Explorer, view the certificate by selecting it in the address bar and clicking View
Certificates.
2
Move the certificates into trusted certificate authorities by performing the following steps.
a
Run certmgr.msc from the start menu.
b
Navigate to Intermediate Certificate Authorities folder and then to the Certificates folder.
c
Find the Manager’s hostname in the listed of Certificates.
d
Copy the Certificate by right clicking on it and selecting copy.
e
Navigate to Trusted Root Certification Authorities.
f
Right click in the right pane and paste the certificate. Accept any prompts that come up.
Navigate to the Manager with the browser using the hostname and you should see the
certificate as trusted.
Or
If you get an untrusted page message when accessing the Manager login page:
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•
In Internet Explorer, click on the link Continue to this website not recommended.
•
In Mozilla Firefox, click on I Understand the Risks and then click on Add Exception to confirm security
exception.
•
In Google Chrome, click on Proceed Anyway.
Threat Analyzer UI stuck at downloading maps
Potential Cause:
Threat Analyzer and Manager communication has some issues.
Remedy:
Verify that the Threat Analyzer is not timed out.
1
From the command prompt type cd %USERPROFILE%/McAfee/NetworSecurityManager/<NSM_IP>/
ThreatAnalyzer
2
Find "failed" in the file threatanalyzer.log and find "2013-05-05"
Replace date in bold with current date. This will filter out all messages with today's date.
3
Check if the output has a line matching the line as given below
com.intruvert.acm.ui.test.ConnectionTask - failed
If this output is found, increase the timeout for the Threat Analyzer by adding a line
MAX_TIMEOUT_PERIOD=300000 in the ta.prop file.
4
Save the file and re-launch Threat Analyzer.
Many options are grayed out in Threat Analyzer menu
Potential Cause:
•
You are logged on as a user without having super user role.
•
There might be a communication problem between the Threat Analyzer applet and the Network
Security Manager.
Remedy:
Verify you are logged on as a user with superuser privileges. If not, perform the following step:
In the Manager, select My Company | Users | Role Assignment and check if you have Superuser role. It is also
possible that Threat Analyzer is unable to get permission details from the Manager. Try increasing
timeout using ta.prop. To do so, refer the steps mentioned in Scenario 5
Unable to get alerts in Historical Threat Analyzer
Potential Cause:
iv_alert table may have missing indexes.
Remedy:
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1
From the command prompt, type cd <MYSQL_INSTALL_DIR>\binmysql –uroot –p <type root
password>.
2
On mysql prompt run following statement:
show index from iv_alert. It should display iv_alert_creation_ix index in the list.
3
Stop the Manager service.
4
Create the index with:
create index iv_alert_creation_ix on iv_alert(creationTime);
If you still have problems, recreate the iv_alert table by referring to Knowledgeable article KB69132
and restart the Manager service.
Issues and status checks for the Sensor and Manager in
combination
This section describes issues and status checks when the Sensor and Manager are connected.
Contents
Difficulties connecting Sensor and Manager
Loss of connectivity between the Sensor and Manager
DoS troubleshooting
Difficulties connecting Sensor and Manager
If you experience problems getting the McAfee Network Security Manager (Manager)and Sensor to
communicate, see if one of the following situations might be the cause.
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Network connectivity
•
Ensure that the Sensor and Manager server have power and are appropriately connected to the
network.
•
Verify the link indicator lights on both devices to indicate they have an active link.
•
Ping the Sensor and Manager server to ensure that they are available on the network.
Inconsistency in Sensor and Manager configuration
•
Verify that the Sensor name that was entered in the CLI is identical to that entered in the Manager.
Ensure the same for the shared secret key value. If these values do not match, the two cannot
communicate.
The Sensor name is case sensitive.
•
Check the network addresses for the Manager, the Manager's gateway, and the Sensor to ensure
everything is configured correctly by typing show at the Sensor CLI command prompt.
Software or signature set incompatibility
Verify that the Sensor software image, Manager software version, and signature set version are
compatible.
•
A compatibility matrix is provided in the release notes that accompany each product release.
Firewall between the devices
If there is a firewall between the Sensor and the Manager server, make sure the devices are able to
communicate by opening the appropriate ports.
Ports used by the Manager server are listed in the McAfee Network Security Platform Installation Guide.
Management port configuration
If you experience problems getting your Sensor and Manager to communicate, it might be a
communication issue between the Sensor's Management port and the network device to which it is
connected. Check the Management Port Link indicator lights on the Sensor; if the link is down, see if
any of the following suggestions enable connectivity.
•
Check that the network device is online.
•
Check the cable connecting the Sensor to the network device.
•
Ensure that the port on the device to which the Management port is connected is enabled and
active.
•
The port speed and duplex mode of the two devices must match. For example, if the device
connecting to the Sensor is not set to auto-negotiate, you must configure the Management port to
use the same settings as those of the device connecting to the Management port. To troubleshoot
this, use the set mgmtport command.
Check the link LEDs on the devices to see if communication is established, or use the show
mgmtport command to show the link's status.
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Try each of these configuration options to see if one establishes a link:
1
If possible, set the other device's port configuration to auto-negotiate. (The Sensor is set to
auto-negotiate by default.)
2
Using the set mgmtport command as described below in Setting the management port speed and
duplex mode, try setting the speed and port of the Sensor to speed 100 and duplex half or
full.
3
If no link is established, try speed 10 and duplex half or full.
4
If none of these attempts creates a link, try setting the port on the other device to a speed of 100,
duplex half or full, and try step 2 again.
5
If this does not establish a link, you can then do the same, setting the other device to a speed of
10, duplex half or full, and try step 3 again.
6
If you are still experiencing difficulties, contact McAfee technical support.
M series Sensors Management port support 1000 Mbps(1 Gbps) too. Use the set mgmtport auto
command to establish a link to the connecting device (before performing this, see to it that the
other device's port configuration's speed is fixed to 1000 and also set to auto-negotiate).
Set the management port speed and the duplex mode
Task
•
Set the speed of the Management port and whether the port should be set to half-or full-duplex. At
the prompt, type:
set mgmtport speed <10 | 100 | 1000> duplex <half | full> where< 10> indicates 10
Mbps, < 100> indicates 100 Mbps, < 1000> indicates 1000 Mbps, < half> indicates half-duplex,
and < full > indicates full-duplex.
1000 Mbps is applicable only for M-series Sensors. I-Series Sensors support only 10/100 Mbps for
Management port.
Example: set mgmtport speed 100 duplex half.
Loss of connectivity between the Sensor and Manager
If you have previously established a connection between the Sensor and the Manager and the
connection fails, try the following:
•
Check network connectivity.
•
View the system status on both the Manager and the Sensor.
•
Check to ensure the Management port on the Sensor is configured with the proper speed and
duplex mode as described in Management port configuration.
•
Has the time been reset on the Manager server? The connection between the Sensor and Manager
server is secure, and this secure communication is time-sensitive, so the time on the devices
should remain synchronized. You must set the time on the Manager server before you install the
Manager software and never change the time on that machine. If the time changes on the Manager
server, the Manager will lose its connectivity with the Sensor and the Update Server. A time change
could ultimately cause serious database errors.
For more information, see the KnowledgeBase article KB55587. (Go to http://mysupport.mcafee.com,
and click Search the KnowledgeBase.)
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How Sensor handles new alerts during connectivity loss
The Sensor stores alerts internally until connection is restored. Network Security Platform classifies
events and prioritizes to ensure the buffer is filled with the most meaningful events to an analyst.
The following table lists the number of alerts that can be stored locally on the Sensor.
Number
Alert Type
100000
Signature based alerts
2500
Throttled alerts (with source and destination IP information)
2500
Compressed throttled alerts (alerts with no source and destination IP information)
2500
Statistical or anomaly DoS
2500
Throttled DoS alerts
1000
Host sweep alerts
1000
Port scan alerts
Once the connection from the Sensor to the Manager has been re-established, the queued alerts are
forwarded up to the Manager. So the customer will retain them even in the event that connectivity is
disrupted for some time.
If the buffer fills up before connectivity is restored, the Sensor will drop new alerts, but if blocking is
enabled, the Sensor will continue to block irrespective of the Sensor's connectivity with the Manager.
DoS troubleshooting
Issues related to DoS alerts.
Applicable to Sensor models: M-series, NS-series
Problem scenario
DoS alerts raised in Network Security Manager.
Data/Information Collection
1
Execute show dospreventionprofile <dos-measure-name> <inbound/outbound> in the Sensor.
2
Trace the Sensor files.
Troubleshooting Steps
1
Check for the source IP of the profile learning each of the packet types. Execute the following
commands:
•
show dospreventionprofile tcp-syn inbound/outbound
•
show dospreventionprofile tcp-syn-ack inbound/outbound
•
show dospreventionprofile tcp-rst inbound/outbound
•
show dospreventionprofile udp inbound/outbound
•
show dospreventionprofile icmp-echo inbound/outbound
•
show dospreventionprofile icmp-echo-reply inbound/outbound
•
show dospreventionprofile icmp-non-echo-echoreply inbound/outbound
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•
show dospreventionprofile ip-fragment inbound/outbound
•
show dospreventionprofile non-tcp-udp-icmp inbound/outbound
Check the bins for long-term average traffic rate and short-term average traffic rate values. An
alert is raised when the short-term traffic rate is higher than the long-term traffic rate.
2
44
Check bins that are blocked. A sample of the source IP profile during the detection stage which
indicates the blocked bins is shown in the figure.
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Issues and status checks for the Sensor and Manager in combination
3
If many DoS alerts are raised frequently for a particular IP, it could be false positive. The reason
could be due to the profile of that IP not studied properly.
4
For volume related alerts (for example, if the inbound UDP volume is too high), check if the IP is
missing in the alert details. To check the alert details, navigate to Analysis | <Admin Domain Name> |
Threat Analyzer | Real-Time | Start the Real-Time Threat Analyzer.
1
Solution
Relearn the profile to resolve the issue.
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DoS scenarios
•
Observed value is calculated based on the following formula:
Observed value = (collected count * (threshold duration/collected duration))
•
When there is a burst of traffic, and the threshold is reached, the Sensor starts collecting the DoS
IP information. This results in showing the packet count as zero, whereas the actual observed value
is very high. This works in accordance with the design.
•
Similarly, in some scenarios the packet count is a non-zero value, whereas the actual observed
value is zero. This happens when the traffic has stopped but the DoS IP collection and attack
detection are still in progress.
Issues and status checks for the Sensor and other devices in
combination
This section describes issues and status checks that involve a Sensor and any other devices, including
third-party devices, that can be added.
Connectivity issues between the Sensor and other network
devices
The most common Sensor problems relate to configuration of the speed and duplex settings. Speed
determination issues can result in no connectivity between the Sensor and the switch.
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Duplex mismatches
A duplex mismatch (for example, one end of the link in full-duplex and the other in half-duplex) can
result in performance issues, intermittent connectivity, and loss of communication. It can also create
subtle problems in applications. For example, if a Web server is talking to a database server through
an Ethernet switch with a duplex mismatch, small database queries might succeed, while large ones
fail due to a timeout.
Manually setting the speed and duplex to full-duplex on only one link partner generally results in a
mismatch. This common issue results from disabling auto-negotiation on one link partner and having
the other link partner default to a half-duplex configuration, creating a mismatch. This is the reason
why speed and duplex cannot be hard-coded on only one link partner. If your intent is not to use
auto-negotiation, you must manually set both link partners' speed and duplex settings to full-duplex.
Valid auto-negotiation and speed configurations
The table below summarizes all possible settings of speed and duplex for Sensors and Cisco catalyst
switch ports.
Table 1-5 Speed Configurations
Network Security
Platform
Configuration
10/100/1000
port (Speed/
Duplex)
Configuration of
Switch
Resulting
Sensor
Resulting
Catalyst
(Speed/Duplex)
(Speed/
Duplex)
(Speed/
Duplex)
100 Mbps
1000 Mbps
No Link
No Link
Full-duplex
Full-duplex
Neither side establishes
link, due to speed
mismatch
100 Mbps
AUTO
100 Mbps
100 Mbps
Correct configuration
Full-duplex
Full-duplex
Full-duplex
100 Mbps
1000 Mbps
100 Mbps
100 Mbps
Full-duplex
Full-duplex
Full-duplex
Full-duplex
100 Mbps
AUTO
100 Mbps
100 Mbps
Half-duplex
Half-duplex
100 Mbps
100 Mbps
Half-duplex
Half-duplex
No Link
No Link
Half-duplex
10 Mbps
AUTO
Half-duplex
10 Mbps
1000 Mbps
Half-duplex
Half-duplex
Comments
Correct Manual
Configuration
Link is established, but
switch does not see any
auto-negotiation
information from McAfee
Network Security
Platform and defaults to
half-duplex when
operating at 10/100
Mbps.
Link is established, but
switch does not see Fast
Link Pulse (FLP) and
defaults to 10 Mbps
half-duplex.
Neither side establishes
link, due to speed
mismatch.
Gigabit auto-negotiation (no link to connected device)
Gigabit Ethernet has an auto-negotiation procedure that is more extensive than that which is used for
10/100 Mbps Ethernet (per Gigabit auto-negotiation specification IEEE 802.3z-1998). The Gigabit
auto-negotiation negotiates flow control, duplex mode, and remote fault information. You must either
enable or disable link negotiation on both ends of the link. Both ends of the link must be set to the
same value or the link will not connect.
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If either device does not support Gigabit auto-negotiation, disabling Gigabit auto-negotiation forces
the link up.
Troubleshooting a Duplex Mismatch with Cisco Devices
When troubleshooting connectivity issues with Cisco switches or routers, verify that the Sensor and
the switch/routers are using a valid configuration. The show intfport <port> command on the Sensor
CLI will help reveal errors.
Sometimes there are duplex inconsistencies between Network Security Platform and the switch port.
Symptoms include poor port performance and frame check sequence (FCS) errors that increment on
the switch port. To troubleshoot this issue, manually configure the switchport to 100 Mbps,
half-duplex. If this action resolves the connectivity problems, you might be running into this issue.
Contact Cisco's TAC for assistance.
Use the following commands to verify fixed interface settings on some Cisco devices that connect to
Sensors:
Cisco PIX® Firewall
•
interface ethernet0 100full.
Cisco CSS 11000
•
interface ethernet-3
•
phy 100Mbits-FD
Cisco catalyst 4000, 5000, 6000 series (native)
•
set port speed 1/1 100
•
set port duplex 1/1 full
Connectivity issues with Cisco 3750-12S switch
Use the following ports when connecting a Cisco 3750-12s switch to your Sensor: 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, or 12.
Connections using ports 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, or 10 might cause network issues, which is an inconsistent delay
of packets.
Cisco CSS 11000
•
interface ethernet-3
•
phy 100Mbits-FD
Explanation of CatOS show port command counters
48
Counter
Description
Possible causes
Alignment
Errors
Alignment errors are a count of the number
of frames received that do not end with an
even number of octets and have a bad CRC.
These are the result of collisions at
half-duplex, duplex mismatch, bad
hardware (NIC, cable, or port), or a
connected device generating frames
that do not end with on an octet and
have a bad FCS.
FCS
FCS error count is the number of frames that
were transmitted or received with a bad
checksum (CRC value) in the Ethernet frame.
These frames are dropped and not
propagated onto other ports.
These are the result of collisions at
half-duplex, duplex mismatch, bad
hardware (NIC, cable, or port), or a
connected device generating frames
with bad FCS.
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Counter
Description
Xmit-Err
This is an indication that the internal transmit This is an indication of excessive input
buffer is full.
rates of traffic. This is also an indication
of transmit buffer being full. The
counter should only increment in
situations in which the switch is unable
to forward out the port at a desired
rate. Situations such as excessive
collisions and 10 Mb ports cause the
transmit buffer to become full.
Increasing speed and moving the link
partner to full-duplex should minimize
this occurrence.
Rcv-Err
This is an indication that the receive buffer is
full.
This is an indication of excessive output
rates of traffic. This is also an indication
of the receive buffer being full. This
counter should be zero unless there is
excessive traffic through the switch. In
some switches, the Out-Lost counter
has a direct correlation to the Rcv-Err.
UnderSize
These are frames that are smaller than 64
bytes (including FCS) and have a good FCS
value.
This is an indication of a bad frame
generated by the connected device.
Single
Collisions
Single collisions are the number of times the
transmitting port had one collision before
successfully transmitting the frame to the
media.
This is an indication of a half-duplex
configuration.
Multiple
Collisions
Multiple collisions are the number of times
the transmitting port had more than one
collision before successfully transmitting the
frame to the media.
This is an indication of a half-duplex
configuration.
Late
Collisions
A late collision occurs when two devices
This is an indication of faulty hardware
transmit at the same time and neither side of (NIC, cable, or switch port) or a duplex
the connection detects a collision. The reason mismatch.
for this occurrence is that the time to
propagate the signal from one end of the
network to another is longer than the time to
put the entire packet on the network. The
two devices that cause the late collision never
see that the other is sending until after it
puts the entire packet on the network. Late
collisions are detected by the transmitter
after the first time slot of the 64-byte
transmit time occurs. They are only detected
during transmissions of packets longer than
64 bytes. Its detection is exactly the same as
it is for a normal collision; it just happens
later than it does for a normal collision.
Excessive
Collisions
Excessive collisions are the number of frames This is an indication of over utilization of
that are dropped after 16 attempts to send
the switch port at half-duplex or duplex
the packet resulted in 16 collisions.
mismatch.
Carrier
Sense
Carrier sense occurs every time an Ethernet
This is an indication of faulty hardware
controller wants to send data and the counter (NIC, cable, or switch port).
is incremented when there is an error in the
process.
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Counter
Description
Possible causes
Runts
These are frames smaller than 64 bytes with
a bad FCS value.
This is an indication of the result of
collisions, duplex mismatch, IEEE
802.1Q (dot1q), or an Inter-Switch Link
Protocol (ISL) configuration issue.
Giants
These are frames that are greater than 1518
bytes and have a bad FCS value.
This is an indication of faulty hardware,
dot1q, or an ISL configuration issue.
Auto-negotiation
Auto-negotiation issues typically do not result in link establishment issues. Instead, auto-negotiation
issues mainly result in a loss of performance. When auto-negotiation leaves one end of the link in, for
example, full-duplex mode and the other in half-duplex (also known as a duplex mismatch), errors
and re-transmissions can cause unpredictable behavior in the network causing performance issues,
intermittent connectivity, and loss of communication. Generally these errors are not fatal-traffic still
makes it through, but locating and fixing them is a time waster.
Situations that might lead to auto-negotiation issues
Auto-negotiation issues with the Sensor might result from nonconforming implementation, hardware
incapability, or software defects.
Generally, if the switch used with the Sensor adheres to IEEE 802.3u auto-negotiation specifications
and all additional features are disabled, auto-negotiation should properly negotiate speed and duplex,
and no operational issues should exist.
•
Problems might arise when vendor switches/routers do not conform exactly to the IEEE
specification 802.3u.
•
Vendor-specific advanced features that are not described in IEEE 802.3u for 10/100 Mbps
auto-negotiation (such as auto-polarity or cabling integrity) can also lead to hardware
incompatibility and other issues.
DNS connectivity and reputation issues
DNS connectivity
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1
DNS connectivity to the Sensor sometimes has issues due to incorrect configuration or incorrect DNS
server IP address. You can view the DNS connectivity fault in the System Faults page in the Manager. The
Device DNS server connectivity status faults are generated by the Sensor whenever there is an issue in DNS
connectivity.
Figure 1-5 DNS server connectivity warning fault
Figure 1-6 GTI server connectivity critical fault
You can perform the following high-level troubleshooting steps to solve the connectivity problem:
1
Check the Devices | <Admin Domain Name> | Global | Default Device Settings | Common | Name Resolution for the
global level setting in the Manager to see if the parent domain has the primary and secondary DNS
server information entered correctly.
Figure 1-7 Global level DNS server setting
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2
If the global setting has the correct information, check the Devices | <Admin Domain Name> | Devices |
<Device Name> | Setup | Name Resolution device level setting to see if it inherits the global settings. Make
sure that the Inherit Settings? is selected and also check if the inherited information is correct.
Figure 1-8 Device level DNS server setting
If the connectivity problem still persists contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
GTI file reputation
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In case of any errors for file reputation analysis, you can perform the following high-level
troubleshooting steps:
1
Check if the malware detection is enabled in Policy | <Admin Domain Name> | Intrusion Prevention | Advanced
Malware | Advanced Malware Policies.
2
In case of file reputation, the request is sent for bad file reputation. The file is sent as an MD5
checksum in DNS requests. If there is no response from the DNS, check the DNS connectivity. If
the DNS connectivity has any issues, perform the high-level steps mentioned under DNS
connectivity to solve the problem.
If the DNS connectivity is working correctly, there will a response for the file reputation request.
Confirm the connectivity by executing and checking the output of show malwareenginestats CLI
command.
Check the output of malware statistics for GTI file reputation engine. The Number of files sent
and Number of response Received should show an increase in comparison with the number of
files sent/received before sending the reputation request.
Malware Statistics for GTI File Reputation Engine
Number of files sent: 11132
Number of response Received: 9377
Number of files ignored: 1755
Number of files with malware score clean: 0
Number of alerts with malware score very low: 37
Number of alerts with malware score low: 0
Number of alerts with malware score medium: 0
Number of alerts with malware score high: 0
Number of alerts with malware score very high: 1233
Number of alerts with malware score unknown: 8051
Total number of alerts sent: 1233
Total number of attacks blocked: 1233
Total number of TCP resets sent: 1233
If the connectivity problem still persists contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
GTI IP reputation
When a syn packet is seen, the Sensor checks to see if IP reputation is enabled for that port/protocol.
When enabled, the Sensor sends a query to the management process. The first flow is always allowed
to pass through since the reputation score is not available. After a reputation score is assigned to the
packet, the score is updated to the Sensor. The subsequent flows from the same IP address is marked
with the reputation score in the header for lookup in datapath processor. Source IP is checked for
inbound flows, and destination IP is checked for outbound flows, even though the entire 5-tuple is
passed in the query.
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Integration Scenarios
The Sensor connectivity status with GTI server critical fault is generated by the Sensor in the Manager
whenever the GTI server has connectivity issues to the Sensor.
Figure 1-9 Sensor connectivity fault
You can perform the following high-level troubleshooting steps to solve the connectivity problem:
1
Check if proxy configuration is required. If the organization has a firewall/proxy between the
Sensor management port and the cloud, then the proxy has to be configured with username/
password if required. You can configure the proxy server under Manage | <Admin Domain Name> | Setup |
Proxy Server.
2
Port 443 should not be blocked on the management port network.
3
Check the Devices | <Admin Domain Name> | Global | Default Device Settings | Common | Name Resolution for the
global level setting in the Manager to see if the parent domain has the primary and secondary DNS
server information entered correctly.
If the connectivity problem still persists contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
Integration Scenarios
This section explains about the troubleshooting in integration scenarios and the required steps for
troubleshooting.
Tasks
•
Global Threat Intelligence - API Overload on page 54
•
ePO - Connection failure on page 55
•
Vulnerability Manager - Connectivity issues on page 57
•
Vulnerability Manager - Certificate Sync and FC Agent issues on page 58
•
Logon Collector - Integration issues on page 60
Global Threat Intelligence - API Overload
When the Manger integrates with Global Threat Intelligence to obtain the reputation scores on hosts
and geo‑locations, the API is used to send back the feature usage data to McAfee and there is a
possibility of the API getting overloaded.
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Perform the following steps for troubleshooting:
Task
1
If the proxy server is enabled, verify that "tunnel.web.trustedsource.org" is allowed by proxy
server ACLs.
2
In the Manager, selectManage | Integration | Global Threat Intelligence and check if the Alert Data Details option
is enabled.
3
Check if SDK boot straps to Global Threat Intelligence cloud successfully by checking for below in
ems.log.
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,510 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - Major version:
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,510 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - 2
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,510 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - Minor version:
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,510 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - 0
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,510 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - Version description:
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,510 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - TrustedSource SDK 2.0.5.02 (Build 1117)
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,510 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - Version:
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,511 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - 2.0.5.02-1117
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,672 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - Using Proxy Server:1.1.1.1, port: 20
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,780 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - Device Id:
9b11e1c4-069e-4195-8dd1-c2842ba338f6
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,780 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper - MIICZjCCAc
+gAwIBAgICEFIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQAwNjEZMBcGA1UEAxQQVHJ1c3RlZFNvdXJjZV9DQTEMM
AoGA1UEChMDU0NDMQswCQYDVQQGEwJVUzAe
•
2011-12-06 15:55:01,780 INFO [http-0.0.0.0-9999-3]
com.intruvert.ts.helper.TSRatingLookupHelper MIICXQIBAAKBgQDegOtxL2JHaGLwU6RTQKPfGtzMp3zxiKRc4yPqgPtIgZqReQj7yw6pqvpBmpcx/
OobEjs0hA8v0abE3BFwEX0Mezre2B9NpPhuJnNHhe4c/cGdxtC53
ePO - Connection failure
If there is a connection failure between the Manager and the ePO server, perform the following steps
for troubleshooting.
In the Manager:
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1
Ensure that the provided configurations like IP address, port numbers, user name and the
password to the ePO server are correct.
2
Ping or try to access ePO server directly from the Manager server. If it is not accessible, check the
firewall configuration and follow other regular network troubleshooting steps.
3
Ensure that the required permissions are given to the configured user name. To isolate the
permission issue, use global administrator user name or password for testing the connection. If the
connection is successful with global administrator credentials, then it could be a problem with
configured user name.
4
Check these log files for any errors:
5
•
For Manager Versions below 7.5.5: Check ems.log file for any errors
•
For Manager Version 7.5.5 and above: Check epo.log file for any errors
Manager uses the following URLs. Try accessing them from the Manager server through a
browser.https://EPO_SERVER_IP:8443/remote/ISExtension.HostForensicsCommand.do?
command=getHostDetails&ip=[specify_IP]
Check these logs files. Following denotes is a successful "TestConnection"
011-11-22 15:09:51,500 INFO [ajp-127.0.0.1-8009-3] iv.common.HttpClient.ApacheGetImpl doGET(), succesfully made the request to http client, url is https://172.16.101.37/remote/
ISExtension.HostForensicsCommand.do?
command=getHostDetails&ip=127.0.0.1&orion.user.security.token=tpc5pvsNVHxo3fiS
The following denotes an error in connection
ems.log.3:2011-11-17 12:15:10,914 ERROR [ajp-127.0.0.1-8009-5]
iv.common.HttpClient.ApacheGetImpl - doGET:Error while doing the http get function for the url
https://172.17.94.80/remote/ISExtension.HostForensicsCommand.do?
command=getHostDetails&ip=127.0.0.1&orion.user.security.token=kSffjTChbZRcE0IJ the error
isjava.net.SocketTimeoutException: Read timed out
ems.log.3:2011-11-17 12:48:21,435 ERROR [ajp-127.0.0.1-8009-4]
iv.common.HttpClient.ApacheGetImpl - doGET:Error while doing the http get function for the url
In the ePO
1
Ensure that the ePO server has the latest NSPExtension installed.
2
Ensure that the required permissions are given to the configured username. Check if user has
sufficient permission to access NSP Extension.
•
In Menu | User Management | Users | desired User note down "Permissions Sets".
•
In Menu | User Management | Permission sets select the permission that is assigned to this user. Check
if Network Security Platform has view and change settings.
3
To test the connection to the Manager server, manually run the NSP:Dashboard Data Pull Task. If
connection fails, ping or try to access the Manager server directly from the ePO server. If
connection fails, check the firewall and follow regular network troubleshooting steps.
4
Check orion.log file for any error messages at C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\Server
\Logs\orion.log.
If test connection is carried out from child admin domain then make test connection for parent admin
domain by following above trouble shooting steps.
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Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Integration Scenarios
1
Vulnerability Manager - Connectivity issues
When you run through the integration wizard when connecting to the Vulnerability Manager database,
the following error is displayed: The attempt to confirm connectivity with the McAfee Vulnerability Manager database has
failed for the following reason: Internal Server Error
Perform the following steps for troubleshooting:
1
Stop the service of the Manager.
2
Disable CBC protection mode in App/bin/tms.bat.
3
Open tms.bat file and do the following java option to turn off CBCProtection.
4
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -server -Xms768m -Xmx768m -Xss128K
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS
% -XX:NewRatio=4 -XX:PermSize=128m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m -XX:+UseParallelOldGC
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dapp.home.dir="%APPROOT%"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dapp.install.root="%APPROOT%"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dapp.home.dir.url="%APPROOT%"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dwin.dir="%WINDIR%"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dlumos.fixedManagerSNMPUDPPort="4167"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dlumos.fixedManagerSNMPIPaddress=""
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dlumos.fixedManagerSNMPIPv6address=""
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dpython.path="%JYTHONLIB%"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS
% -Div.policymgmt.RuleEngine.compiler.netl7antlr.strictCheckEnabled="FALSE"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Div.compiler.snort.dumpPCRE="TRUE"
•
rem set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS
% -Div.policymgmt.RuleEngine.compiler.enableAPforSPM="FALSE"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Div.compiler.snort.dumpSSIDandStates="TRUE"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Div.controlchannel.snmpv3.useLocalizedKeys="FALSE"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dsun.lang.ClassLoader.allowArraySyntax=true
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Djava.rmi.server.hostname="localhost"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dcatalina.home="%CATALINA_HOME%"
•
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Djsse.enableCBCProtection=false
Restart the Manager service.
After performing these steps, run through the integration wizard to try and connect the Vulnerabiltiy
Manager database.
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Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Integration Scenarios
Vulnerability Manager - Certificate Sync and FC Agent issues
Table 1-6 Issue 1
Problem
Solution
FC Agent service
doesn't get installed
while installing the
Manager
To install FCAgent service:
1 Download the software vcredist_x86.exe and run it in that host.
2 Download link http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?
displaylang=en&id=5638.
3 At the command prompt, go to c:\Program Files (x86)\foundstone\FCM
and run the command fcagent -i to install the service.
Table 1-7 Issue 2
Problem
Solution
When you click on API
tab in the Manager,
internal server error is
displayed
This issue might be seen in some systems when the command sc query
FCAgent is executed internally in the Manager. To run this command, the
server in which manager is deployed might not have the right permission
settings. the Administrator has to provide permission to run sc.exe.
To change permission settings for sc.exe.
1 Go to //windows/system32/sc.exe.
2 Right-click sc.exe and select Properties.
3 Click the Security tab.
4 Add a local service and provide full permission.
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Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Integration Scenarios
Table 1-8 Issue 3
Problem
Solution
FCAgent
service doesn't
start in
Manager
server
To integrate with Vulnerability Manager, the Manager must update the Windows
registry. However, the user account used to run the Manager service will not have
permissions to write to the Windows registry if the Manager is fully locked down. To
give that user account the required permissions, follow these steps:
1 On the server running the Manager, run regedit.exe.
2 Change the permissions on registry and allow Full Control to 'Local Service' for the
keys:
• HKLM
• HKLM\Software
• HKLM\Software\Foundstone
3 Right-click on these keys and choose Permissions.
4 Add the user account used to run the Manager service (likely LOCAL SERVICE).
5 Give that user account Full Control over the key.
6 Click OK.
Changes take effect immediately. A reboot is not required.
7 In the API Server page, click Save.
If the operating system is 64-bit, perform this procedure for these keys:
• HKLM
• HKLM\Software
• HKLM\Software\wow6432Node
• HKLM\Software\wow6432Node\Foundstone.
Table 1-9 Issue 4
Problem
Solution
You are able to start the
FC Agent service, clicking
on 'Retrieve MVM
Certificate' returns error
message.
It might be because port 3801 is not enabled in the API server. Check if
port 3801 has been enabled.
Vulnerability Manager could be deployed in distributed mode where FCM
Server could be in one server. The API Server, DB , Enterprise Manager
and Scan Engines could be another server. In the API server page try
configuring the FCM Server IP address and port 3801. Try clicking the
Retrieve Certificates button. If the OnDemand scan fails, try changing the
port back to 3800.
Table 1-10 Issue 5
Problem
Solution
Retrieve MVM certificate is failing
This might occur if C:program files\found stone or C:program
even though the SSHStauscache and Files(x86) \Foundstone" does not have write permission for
Statuscache keys are present in the
Local Service.
registry
1 Add local service and giving full permission to local service.
2 Click Retrieve MVM Certificate again after giving the required
permissions.
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1
Troubleshooting Network Security Platform
Integration Scenarios
Logon Collector - Integration issues
To ensure connectivity between the McAfee® Logon Collector and Manager, the following configurations
are mandatory.
•
Ensure that the Active Directory services are up and running. If the Active Directory (AD) is not
configured correctly or down, then the Manager does receive Logon Collector updates and test
connectivity does not get verified.
•
Add the domain that needs to be monitored in the Logon Collector server. If the domain is not
added test connection fails and the Manager does not receive Logon Collector updates.
•
Ensure that all Logon Collector components of the Logon Collector server are running.
•
While exchanging Logon Collector certificate with the Manager by pasting, ensure that you copy the
certificate content to Notepad to remove any inadvertent spaces that might cause certificate
exchange failure during connectivity.
•
To verify that Manager is receiving Logon Collector updates, create a Firewall then double-click the
Source User field to verify that the Groups are configured in the AD.
As a part of the Manager-Sensor Logon Collector Integration, the Manager sends IP User mapping and
User-Group mapping periodically on certain well defined events. The Sensor receives the Logon
Collector updates from the Manager only when user-based Firewall policies are assigned to Sensors.
Manager notifies the following two faults related to this integration which will be available in System Fault
page:
60
•
number of user configured in AD is more than 75000 or IP-user mapping is more than 100,000.
•
MLC bulk update file exceeds 25mb limit which is a critical fault and user intervention is needed.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
2
Performance issues
Most performance issues are related to switch port configuration, duplex mismatches, link up/down
situations, and data link errors.
Contents
Sniffer trace
Data link errors
Sniffer trace
A Sniffer details packet transfer, and thus a Sniffer trace analysis can help pinpoint switch and McAfee®
Network Security Platform performance or connectivity issues when the issues persist after you have
exhausted the other suggestions in this document. Sniffer trace analysis reveals every packet on the
wire and pinpoints the exact problem.
Note that it may be important to obtain several Sniffer traces from different ports on different
switches, and that it is useful to monitor ("span") ports rather than spanning VLANs when
troubleshooting switch connectivity issues.
Data link errors
Many performance issues may be related to data link errors. Excessive errors usually indicate a
problem. For more information, see also Configuration of Speed and Duplex settings.
Half-duplex setting
When operating with a duplex setting of half-duplex, some data link errors such as FCS, alignment,
runts, and collisions are normal. Generally, a one percent ratio of errors to total traffic is acceptable
for half-duplex connections. If the ratio of errors to input packets is greater than two or three percent,
performance degradation may be noticeable.
In half-duplex environments, it is possible for both the switch and the connected device to sense the
wire and transmit at exactly the same time, resulting in a collision. Collisions can cause runts, FCS,
and alignment errors, which are caused when the frame is not completely copied to the wire, resulting
in fragmented frames.
Full-duplex setting
When operating at full-duplex, FCS, cyclic redundancy checks (CRC), alignment errors, and runt
counters should be minimal. If the link is operating at full-duplex, the collision counter is not active. If
the FCS, CRC, alignment, or runt counters are incrementing, check for a duplex mismatch. Duplex
mismatch is a situation in which the switch is operating at full-duplex and the connected device is
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2
Performance issues
Data link errors
operating at half-duplex, or vice versa. The result of a duplex mismatch is extremely slow
performance, intermittent connectivity, and loss of connection. Other possible causes of data link
errors at full-duplex are bad cables, a faulty switch port, or software or hardware issues.
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3
Determine false positives
This section lists methods for determining and reducing false positives.
Contents
Reduce false positives
Tune your policies
Reduce false positives
Your policy determines what traffic analysis your McAfee® Network Security Sensor (Sensor) will
perform. McAfee® Network Security Platform provides a number of policy templates to get you started
toward your ultimate goal: prevent attacks from damaging your network, and limit the alerts displayed
in the Threat Analyzer to those which are valid and useful for your analysis.
There are two stages to this process: initial policy configuration and policy tuning.Though these are
tedious tasks, McAfee has extended its blocking options to include SmartBlocking, which only activates
blocking when high confidence signatures are matched, thus minimizing the possibility of false
positives.Network Security Platform is replacing its present Recommended for Blocking (RFB)
designation with Recommended for SmartBlocking (RFSB) because this new level of granularity
enables McAfee to recommend many more attacks – the list of RFB attacks is a subset of the list of
RFSB attacks.
The ultimate goal of policy tuning is to eliminate false positives and noise and avoid overwhelming
quantities of legitimate, but anticipated alerts.
Tune your policies
The default McAfee Network Security Platform policy templates are provided as a generic starting
point; you will want to customize one of these policies for your needs. So the first step in tuning is to
clone the most appropriate policy for your network and your goals, and then customize it. (You can
also modify a policy directly rather than modifying a copy.)
Some things to remember when tuning your policies:
•
We ask that you set your expectations appropriately regarding the elimination of false positives and
noise. A proper Network Security Platform implementation includes multiple tuning phases. False
positives and excess noise are routine for the first 3 to 4 weeks. Once properly tuned, however,
they can be reduced to a rare occurrence.
•
When initially deployed, Network Security Platform frequently exposes unexpected conditions in the
existing network and application configuration. What may at first seem like a false positive might
actually be the manifestation of a misconfigured router or Web application, for example.
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3
Determine false positives
Tune your policies
•
Before you begin, be aware of the network topology and the hosts in your network, so you can
enable the policy to detect the correct set of attacks for your environment.
•
Take steps to reduce false positives and noise from the start. If you allow a large number of "noisy"
alerts to continue to sound on a very busy network, parsing and pruning the database can quickly
become cumbersome tasks. It is preferable to all parties involved to put energy into preventing
false positives than into working around them. Exception objects are also an option where you can
have custom rule sets specific to his environment. You can disable all alerts that are obviously not
applicable to the hosts that you protect. For example, if you use only Apache Web servers, you can
disable IIS-related attacks.
False positives and noise
The mere mention of false positives always causes concern in the mind of any security analyst.
However, false positives may mean quite differently things to different people. In order to better
manage the security risks using any IDS/IPS devices, it's very important to understand the exact
meanings of different types of alerts so that appropriate response can be applied.
With Network Security Platform, there are three types of alerts which are often taken as "false
positives:"
•
incorrectly identified events
•
correctly identified events subject to interpretation by usage policy
•
correctly identified events uninteresting to the user.
Incorrect identification
These alerts typically result from overly aggressive signature design, special characteristics of the user
environment, or system bugs. For example, typical users will never use nested file folders with a path
more than 256 characters long; however, a particular user may push the Windows' free-style naming
to the extreme and create files with path names more than 1024 characters. Issues in this category
are rare. They can be fixed by signature modifications or software bug fixes.
Correct identification — significance subject to usage policy
Events of this type include those alerting on activities associated with Instant Messaging (IM), Internet
Relay chat (IRC), and Peer to Peer programs (P2P). Some security policies forbid such traffic on their
network; for example, within a corporate common operation environment (COE); others may allow
them to various degrees. Universities, for example, typically have a totally open policy for running
these applications. Network Security Platform provides two means by which to tune out such events if
your policies deem these events uninteresting. First, you can define a customized policy in which these
events are disabled. In doing so, the Sensor will not even look for these events in the traffic stream to
which the policy is applied. If these events are of interest for most of the hosts except a few, creating
exception objects to suppress alerts for the few hosts is an alternative approach.
Correct identification — significance subject to user sensitivity (also known
as noise)
There is another type of event which you may not be interested in, due to the perceived severity of
the event. For example, Network Security Platform will detect a UDP-based host sweep when a given
host sends UDP packets to a certain number of distinct destinations within a given time interval.
Although you can tune this detection by configuring the threshold and the interval according to their
sensitivity, it's still possible that some or all of the host IPs being scanned are actually not live. Some
users will consider these alerts as noise, others will take notice because it indicates possible
reconnaissance activity. Another example of noise would be if someone attempted an IIS-based attack
against your Apache Web server. This is a hostile act, but it will not actually harm anything except
wasting some network bandwidth. Again, a would-be attacker learns something he can use against
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Determine false positives
Tune your policies
3
your network: Relevance analysis involves the analysis of the vulnerability relevance of real-time
alerts, using the vulnerability data imported to Manager database. The imported vulnerability data can
be from Vulnerability Manager or other supported vulnerability scanners such as Nessus.The fact that
the attack failed can help in zero in on the type of Web server you use. Users can also better manage
this type of events through policy customization or installing attack filters.
The noise-to-incorrect-identification ratio can be fairly high, particularly in the following conditions:
•
the configured policy includes a lot of Informational alerts, or scan alerts which are based on
request activities (such as the All Inclusive policy)
•
deployment links where there is a lot of hostile traffic, such as in front of a firewall
•
overly coarse traffic VIDS definition that contains very disparate applications, for example, a highly
aggregated link in dedicated interface mode
Users can effectively manage the noise level by defining appropriate VIDS and customize the policy
accordingly. For dealing with exceptional hosts, such as a dedicated pentest machine, alert filters can
also be used.
Determine a false positive versus noise
Some troubleshooting tips for gathering the proper data to determine whether you are dealing with a
false positive or uninteresting event;
•
What did you expect to see? What is the vulnerability, if applicable, that the attack indicated by the
alert is supposed to exploit?
•
Ensure that you capture valid traffic dumps that are captured from the attack attempt (for
example, have packet logging enabled and can view the resulting packet log)
•
Determine whether any applications are suspected of triggering the alert—which ones, which
versions, and in what specific configurations.
If you intend to work with McAfee Technical Support on the issue, we ask that you provide the
following information to assist in troubleshooting:
•
If this occurred in a lab using testing tools rather than live traffic, please provide detailed
information of the attack/test tool used, including its name, version, configuration and where the
traffic originated.
•
If this is a testing environment using a traffic dump relay, make sure that the traffic dumps are
valid, TCP traffic follows a proper 3-way handshake, and so on
•
Also, please provide detailed information of the test configuration in the form of a network
diagram.
•
Create an Evidence Report (within Threat Analyzer) with the packet log
•
Be ready to tell Technical Support how often you are seeing the alerts and whether they are
ongoing
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3
Determine false positives
Tune your policies
66
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
This section lists the system fault messages visible in the Manager Operational Status viewer,
organized by severity, with Critical messages first, then Errors, then Warnings, then Informational
messages.
You can view the faults from the Operational Status menu in Manager. For more information, see fault
messages for Vulnerability Manager Scheduler and Automatic report import using Scheduler, McAfee
Network Security Platform Integration Guide.
The fault messages you might encounter, their severity, and a description, including information on
what action clears the fault are briefed. In many cases, the fault clears itself if the condition causing
the fault is resolved. In cases where the fault does not clear, you must acknowledge or delete it to
dismiss it.
For Sensor faults, go through Manager and Sensor faults. Similarly for NTBA issues, refer to Manager
and NTBA faults.
Contents
Manager faults
Sensor faults
NTBA faults
Manager faults
The Manager faults can be classified into critical, error, warning, and informational. The Action column
provides you with troubleshooting tips.
Manager critical faults
These are the critical faults for a Manager and Central Manager.
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
AD groups size
exceeded
Critical
Currently Manager-MLC
integration supports only 2,000
AD groups for NS-series and
Virtual IPS and 10,000 AD
groups for M-series which has
exceeded now. Sensor behavior
cannot be guaranteed, if these
numbers are not brought down.
Reduce the number of
admin domain user groups
to be within the specified
limit.
Approaching max
allowable table size
Critical
<Percentage value>% capacity.
Current largest table size:
<Table size value>. To ensure
successful database tuning,
Manager begins to drop alerts
and packet logs.
Please perform maintenance
operations to clean and tune
the database.
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4
68
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
AD groups size
limitation
Critical
Currently Manager-MLC
integration supports only {0}
AD groups. Sensor version {1}
cannot accommodate {2} AD
groups
Reduce the number of
groups in Active Directory.
Audit failed and
Manager shutting
down
Critical
The Manager is not able to log
an audit and is shutting down.
Check ems log to determine
the reason for audit failure.
Botnet detectors
deployment failure
Critical
Cannot deploy the botnet
detectors to device
<Sensor_name>. See system
log for details.
Occurs when the Manager
cannot push the BOT DAT
file to the Sensor. This can
result from network
connectivity issue.
Cannot push down
persisted Device
configuration
information
Critical
The attempt by the Manager to
deploy the configuration to
device {0} failed during device
re-initialization. The device
configuration is now out of sync
with the Manager settings. The
device may be down. See the
system log for details.
The Manager cannot deploy
the original device
configuration during device
re-initialization. This can
also occur when a failed
device is replaced with a
new unit, and the new unit
is unable to discover its
configuration information.
Cannot pull up
Sensor
configuration MIB
information from
the Sensor again
during a state
transition from
disconnected to
active
Critical
Device re-discovery failure. The
upload of device configuration
information for device {0} failed
again after being triggered by
the status polling thread. The
device is not properly initialized.
This fault occurs as a second
part to the “device discovery
failure” fault. If the
condition of the device
changes such that the
Manager can again
communicate with it, the
Manager again checks to see
if the device discovery was
successful. This fault is
issued if discovery fails, thus
the device is still not
properly initialized. Check to
ensure that the device has
the latest software image
compatible with the
Manager software image. If
the images are
incompatible, update the
device image via a tftp
server.
Cannot start control Critical
channel service
(key store)
The Manager's key file is
unavailable and possibly
corrupted. This fault could
indicate a database corruption.
If you have a database
backup file (and think it is
not corrupted) you can
attempt a Restore. If this
does not work, you may
need to manually repair the
database. Contact McAfee
Technical Support.
Cannot start control Critical
channel service
(EMS certificate)
Can't obtain the Manager
certificate
If you have a database
backup file (and think it is
not corrupted), you can
attempt a Restore. If this
does not work, try executing
the Database Maintenance
action.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
4
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Cannot generate
the SNMP
association for the
specified Sensor
Critical
Failed to create command
channel association. The device
is not properly initialized. This
error indicates a failure to
create a secure connection
between the Manager and the
device, which can be caused by
loss of time synchronization
between the Manager and
device or that the device is not
completely online after a reboot.
Restart the Manager and
check the device operating
status to ensure that the
device’ health and status are
good.
Cluster software
mismatch status
Critical
The software versions on the
cluster primary and cluster
secondary are not the same.
Check for errors in software
image download to cluster.
Database backup
failed
Critical
The Manager was unable to
back up its database. Error
Message: <exception string>.
This message indicates that
an attempt to manually back
up the database backup has
failed. The most likely cause
of failure is insufficient disk
space on the Manager
server; the backup file may
be too big. Check your disk
capacity to ensure there is
sufficient disk space, and try
the operation again.
Disk space warning
Critical
When the utilized disk space in
the Manager server exceeds
89% of the capacity.
Make sure that the drive
where the Manager is
installed has sufficient disk
space. Please prune and
tune the database.
Example:
• Disk space used = 90%
invokes a critical fault.
Dropping alerts and Critical
packet logs
<Percentage value>% capacity. Please perform maintenance
Dropping alerts and packet logs. operations to clean and tune
the database.
DXLService is down
The DXLService is down due to:
Critical
• Failure to connect to the
ePolicy Orchestrator Server.
• Failure to connect to the Data
eXchange Layer.
• Failure to start the McAfee
Agent service.
• Failure to start the Data
eXchange Layer service.
Fan error
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
The fan has failed.
• Check the connectivity
between IPS and ePO, or
check the logs.
• Check the connectivity
between IPS and Data
eXchange Layer, or check
the logs.
• Check the logs.
• Check the logs.
Check the fan LEDs on the
front of the device to ensure
all internal fans are
functioning. The fault clears
when the temperature falls
below its internal ‘low’
temperature threshold.
Troubleshooting Guide
69
4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Firewall connectivity Critical
failure
The connectivity between the
device and the firewall is down.
Check Packet Capture
configuration is down.
This fault can occur in
situations where, for
example, the firewall
machine is down, or the
network is experiencing
problems. Ping the firewall
to see if the firewall is
available. Contact your IT
department to troubleshoot
connectivity issues.
Gateway
Anti-Malware
engine initialization
failed
Critical
Gateway Anti-Malware Engine
Initialization failed due to some
internal error.
Check the logs. Try enabling
automatic signature update
option or downloading
signatures manually using
cli.
Gateway
Anti-Malware
signature download
failure
Critical
Gateway Anti-Malware Engine
could not be initialized as the
required signature files are not
available.
Gateway Anti-Malware signature Check the logs.
download failed because of
Try enabling automatic
signature update failed.
signature update option or
Gateway Anti-Malware signature downloading signatures
download failed because of
manually using CLI.
signature is not available.
Check the network
Gateway Anti-Malware signature connection.
could not be downloaded
Check the network
because of update server
connection.
connection issue.
Gateway Anti-Malware signature Configure appropriate
credentials for proxy.
validation failed.
Gateway Anti-Malware signature
could not be downloaded as
update server is not reachable.
Gateway Anti-Malware signature
could not be downloaded as
DNS resolution failed for
Anti-Malware update server.
Gateway Anti-Malware signature
could not be downloaded
because proxy server is not
reachable.
Gateway Anti-Malware signature
could not be downloaded
because proxy authentication
failed
Geo IP location file
download failure
70
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Cannot push Geo IP location file
to device <Sensor_name>. See
system log for details.
Occurs when the Manager
cannot push the Geo IP
Location file to a Sensor.
Could result from a network
connectivity issue.
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
4
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
GTI File Reputation
DNS Error
Critical
Connectivity to Artemis server is You may need to correct the
restored. Error connecting to
Artemis DNS configuration.
local DNS server";
Malformed DNS response from
Artemis server";
Error connecting to Artemis
server";
Information not available in
Artemis server";
Sensor internal memory error
on connecting to Artemis
server";
Sensor internal query error on
connecting to Artemis server";
Unknown internal error on
connecting to Artemis server";
Hardware error
Critical
This is a Generic Hardware
related error in the device.
Check the device to know
more.
Incompatible
custom attack
Critical
One or more custom attack
definition is incompatible with
the current signature set. Error
message: <exception string>.
The Custom Attack Editor
indicates which definitions
are incompatible.
(Incompatibility could result
from attack or signature
overlap.) Update the
definition in the Custom
Attack Editor and try again.
Incompatible UDS
signature
Critical
A user-defined signature (UDS)
is incompatible with the current
signature set.
You will need to edit your
existing UDS attacks to
make them conform to the
new signature set
definitions. Bring up the
Custom Attack Editor (IPS
Settings > Advanced Policies
> Custom Attack Editor) and
manually performing the
edit / validation.
This fault clears when a
subsequent UDS compilation
succeeds.
Link failure of
<Sensor>
Critical
The link between this port and
This is a connectivity issue.
the external device to which it is Contact your IT department
connected is down.
to troubleshoot network
connectivity. This fault
clears when communication
is re-established.
Low JVM Memory
Critical
The Manager is experiencing
high memory usage. Available
system memory is low.
Reboot the Manager server.
Low Tomcat JVM
Memory
Critical
The Manager is experiencing
high memory usage. Available
system memory is low.
Reboot the Manager server.
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System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Packet log save
failed
Critical
The Manager was unable to
access the packet log tables in
the database. Error Message:
<exception string>.
An attempt to save packet
log data to the database
failed, most likely due to
insufficient database
capacity. Please ensure that
the disk space allocated to
the database is sufficient,
and try the operation again.
Power supply error
Critical
There is a power supply error to
the device. Restore the power
supply to clear this fault.
Check power to the outlet
providing power to the
power supply; if a power
interruption is not the
cause, replace the failed
power supply.
<Sensor_name>
configuration
update failure
Critical
The attempt by the Manager to
deploy the configuration to
device <Sensor_name> failed
during device re-initialization.
The device configuration is now
out of sync with the Manager
settings. The device may be
down. See the system log for
details.
The Manager cannot push
the original device
configuration during device
re-initialization. This can
also occur when a failed
device is replaced with a
new unit, and the new unit
is unable to discover its
configuration information.
Sensor attack
detection error
Critical
The Sensor attack detection
stopped on one or more
engines. Device reboot may be
required to resolve the issue.
Message generated based
on the Sensor attack
detection error. A device
reboot may be required.
Simultaneous FIPS
role logon
Critical
Users from all three FIPS mode
roles (Audit Administrator,
Crypto Administrator and
Security Administrator) have
logged onto the Manager at the
same time.
This message is
informational.
Software error
Critical
A recoverable software error has This error may require a
occurred within the device. A
reboot of the device, which
device reboot may be required. may then resolve the issue
causing the fault.
Temperature error
Critical
Device temperature is outside
its normal range.
Check the fan LEDs on the
front of the Sensor to
ensure all internal device
fans are functioning. This
fault will clear when the
temperature returns to its
normal
Critical
This fault can be due to two
reasons - SNMPD process
restart exceeded the maximum
threshold or due to
communication failure in the
management processor.
Manually reboot the Sensor,
which may then resolve the
issue causing the fault.
Critical
The attempt to import the IPS
signature set into the Manager
was not successful.
A valid signature set must
be present before any action
can be taken in Network
Security Platform.
SNMP query
Device reboot
required
Signature set
IPS signature set
import failure
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System fault messages
Manager faults
4
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Memory Error
Critical
This is a Generic Memory
related error in the device.
Check the device to know
more.
Signature set
import failed
Critical
The attempt to import the
signature set into the Manager
was not successful. (A valid
signature set must be present
on the Manager for it to work as
expected.)
A valid signature set must
be present before any action
can be taken in Network
Security Platform.
Signature set
download failure
Critical
The attempt by the Manager to
deploy the signature set to
device <Sensor_name> failed.
See the system log for details.
(The Manager will continue to
attempt deployment.)
Occurs when the Manager
cannot push the signature
set file to a Sensor. Could
result from a network
connectivity issue.
The Manager is unable to
communicate with the Update
Server.
This fault clears when
communication with the
Update Server succeeds.
Any connectivity issues with the
Update Server will generate this
fault, including DNS name
resolution failure, Update Server
failure, proxy server
connectivity failure, network
connectivity failure, and even
situations where the network
cable is detached from the
Manager server.
If your Manager is
connected to the Internet,
ensure it has connectivity to
the Internet.
Server communication
Communication
failure with the
Network Security
Platform Update
Server
Critical
Communication
failure with the
proxy server
Critical
The Manager is unable to
communicate with the proxy
server. (This fault can occur only
when the Manager is configured
to communicate with a proxy
server.)
This fault clears when
communication to the
Update Server through the
proxy succeeds.
Communication
failure with the
McAfee Update
Server
Critical
The Manager is unable to
establish network connectivity
with the Update Server. See
system log for details.
Any connectivity issues with
the Update Server will
generate this fault, including
DNS name resolution failure,
Update Server failure, proxy
server connectivity failure,
network connectivity failure,
and even situations where
the network cable is
detached from the Manager
server. This fault clears
when communication with
the Update Server is
restored.
Manager Disaster Recovery(MDR)
Conflict in MDR IP
address type
Critical
Device detected a conflict with
MDR IP Address type as <IPv4/
IPv6> instead of type <IPv6/
IPv4>
You may need to correct the
MDR configuration.
Conflict in MDR
Mode
Critical
MDR mode: Manager IP
address / MDR status.
There is a problem with MDR
configuration. Check your
MDR settings.
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4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Conflict in MDR Pair
IP address
Critical
Device detected a conflict with
MDR-Pair IP Address:
Manager-IP address / MDR
action.
You may need to correct the
MDR configuration.
Conflict in MDR
Status
Critical
Sensor found a conflict with
MDR-Status; ISM-IPAddress /
MDR-Status as <ISMAddress> /
Up/Down and
<PeerISMAddress> / Up/Down
There is a problem with MDR
configuration. Check your
MDR settings.
Generic device error Critical
Review device status.
MDR - system time
synchronization
error
Critical
The two Managers in an MDR
pair must have the same
operating system time. Ensure
both Managers are in sync with
the same time source.
(Otherwise, the device
communication channels will
experience disconnects.)
Ensure both Managers are in
sync with current time.
MDR pair changed
<NSM Name or
NSCM Name>
Critical
The < NSM Name or NSCM
Name> Manager is
<previousPrimaryIpAddr/
previousSecIpAddr> and now
primary and secondary are
<presentPrimaryIpAddr/
presentSecIpAddr>.
Corrected the MDR pair.
The Manager found InActive
(stand by) for now, the peer
Manager is either not reachable
or does not have data.
If the Manager that has
moved to MDR mode is
Network Security Central
Manager, then make the
Central Manager, which has
all the Network Security
Manager data as Active or
reform MDR.
The Manager
Critical
<Manager_name>
has switched to
MDR mode, and this
Manager cannot
handle the change
If the MDR moved Manager
is Network Security Manager
then make the Manager
which has Central Manager
data as active or make sure
that active Manager has
Central Manager
configuration data.
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System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
The Manager_name Critical
has moved to MDR
mode, and this
Manager cannot
handle the change
Description/Cause
Action
The Central Manager server is in
Standby mode. The Manager
server which is configured by
Central Manager goes into
secondary Standby mode after
MDR creation or before data
dump from primary to
secondary takes place.
If the Central Manager
server has moved to
Standby, then the Central
Manager with latest
Manager information is
moved to Active mode or
recreate MDR pair.
The Manager server configured
by Central Manager is in Active
mode but is in a disconnected
state and therefore cannot
communicate with Central
Manager.
If Manager is reconnected and
Central Manager is in Standby
mode, then the Peer Central
Manager does not have Manager
configuration.
If the Manager has moved
to Standby, then make the
Manager with Central
Manager information as
Active or make sure that
active Central Manager or
Manager has latest
configuration data.
The Manager has
moved to MDR
mode, and this
Manager cannot
handle the change
Critical
The Manager server is in
Standby mode(MDR action) and
active peer Manager does not
have Central Manager
information
There is conflict in
the MDR
configuration for
the Manager
<Manager_name>
Critical
The configuration between an
Dissolve and recreate an
existing MDR pair (Manager 1
MDR pair.
and Manager 2 - both Managers
are Central Manager configured)
is disabled and a new MDR pair
configuration has been created
with Manager 2 and Manager 3.
Manager 2 is in Standby mode
and Manager 3 does not have
Central Manager configuration
The MDR
Critical
connection is down.
The communication from
<Primary/Secondary> to
<Secondary/Primary> is down.
4
If the Manager server has
moved to Stand by, then
make Central Manager with
latest Manager information
as Active or reform MDR; if
the Manager has moved to
Standby, then make the
Manager with Central
Manager information as
Active or make sure that
active Central Manager or
Manager has latest
configuration data.
Please look into the
connection statuses of the
systems and manager logs.
Vulnerability Manager configuration
Scheduled
Vulnerability
Manager
vulnerability data
import failed
Critical
This message indicates that the
vulnerability data import by the
Scheduler from Vulnerability
Manager database has failed.
Refer to error logs for details
Vulnerability data
import from
Vulnerability
Manager failed
Critical
Scheduled import of
vulnerability data failed from
FoundStone database server
into ISM database table
This message is
informational.
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4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
On demand scan
failed
Critical
Scan failed because the
See the fault message
connection to Vulnerability
Manager Scan Engine was
refused. <Connection has been
reset by Foundstone Server.
Unable to communicate with
Foundstone Server. FoundScan
Engine may not be reachable or
Failed to resolve Fully Qualified
Domain Name SSL Handshake
with FoundScan Engine Failed.>,
<Please check if the FS API
Service port has been blocked
by Firewall or if valid port has
been specified. Please check the
ems log for more details. Try
adding the engine host name
entry to the DNS Server or Try
adding an entry for engine IP
and host name in hosts file
located in windows
\system2\drivers\etc. No
Trusted Certificate found, Please
check the Foundstone version
and certificates used for
communication. Please check if
the FS API Service port has
been blocked by Firewall or if
valid port has been specified.>
Advanced Threat Defense connectivity
Communication
failure with the
Advanced Threat
Defense device
Critical
Valid Edge
Critical
certificate download
failure
The Manager is unable to
establish connectivity with the
Advanced Threat Defense (ATD)
device. See system log for
details. This fault will be cleared
when connection is restored.
Any connectivity issues with
the Advanced Threat
Defense (ATD) will generate
this fault, including ATD
device failure, network
connectivity failure, and
even situations where the
network cable is detached
from the Manager server.
This fault clears when
communication with the ATD
is restored.
Cannot push Valid Edge
certificate to device
<Sensor_name>. See system
log for details.
Occurs when the Manager
cannot push the Valid Edge
Certificate to a device. Could
result from a network
connectivity issue.
Port conflict in Central Manager
custom attack definition
synchronization. Port
<port_name> is already in use.
Free this port for Central
Manager synchronization to
succeed.
Free this port for McAfee®
Network Security Central
Manager synchronization to
succeed.
Central Manager
Central Manager
custom attack
synchronization
failed
76
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Deleted Manager
information
Critical
The Manager information
See the fault message.
<mgr_ip_address> has been
deleted. Reason: <The action
Stand alone to MDR is received
where the peer is already
having configured
<standby_manager> and hence
deleting, mgr info of
<standby_managers> this LM
will be no longer trusted>.
Manager
<Manager_name>
unreachable
Critical
Connectivity with Manager
<Manager_name> has been
lost.
Manager
<Manager_name>
MDR error
Critical
Manager <Manager_name>
detected in standby mode. The
peer Manager
<peer_Manager_name> is
either not reachable or does not
have <configuration> data.
Action
Indicates that the Network
Security Central Manager
and Network Security
Managers cannot
communicate each other,
the connection between
these two may be down, or
the Manager has been
administratively
disconnected. Troubleshoot
connectivity issues: 1) check
that a connection route
exists between the Network
Security Central Manager
and the Network Security
Manager; 2) Access to the
Network Security Manager/
Network Security Central
Manager directly. This fault
clears when the Manager
detects the Sensor again.
If the above managers
which has moved to MDR
mode is Network Security
Central Manager, then make
the Central Manager which
as all the Network Security
Managers data as Active or
The Manager <Manager_name> reform MDR, if tbe MDR
used to be the <previousIp>/
moved manages is Network
<previousPeerIp> MDR
Security Manager, then
configuration and is now the
make the Manager which
<currentIp>/ <currentIpsPeer> has Central Manager data as
MDR configuration, and the
active or make sure that
primary Manager <currentIp> is active Manager has Central
not active and its peer
Manager configuration data.
<currentIpsPeer> does not have
<ICC> configured.
MDR configuration
Critical
conflict for Manager
<Manager_name>
Manager <primary_mgr_ip> is
in <standalone/MDR pair>
mode, and its peer Manager
<secondary_mgr_ip> is in
<standalone/MDR pair> mode.
MDR pair changed
This fault tells about change of
Correct the MDR pair.
MDR configuration for a Local
Manager or Central Manager.
The fault tells that for this
Manager, the IP addresses of
the underlying MDR pair has
changed. The fault gives the old
and new IP addresses of the
primary and secondary Manager.
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
4
Correct the MDR pair.
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77
4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
The Manager
<Manager_name>
is not reachable
Critical
Indicates that the Network
Security Central Manager and
Manager cannot communicate
each other, the connection
between these two may be
down, or the Manager has been
administratively disconnected.
1 Check that a connection
route exists between the
Network Security Central
Manager and the Manager.
2 Access the Manager/
Network Security Central
Manager directly.
This fault clears when the
Manager detects the Sensor
again.
No
communication
exists between
Central
Manager and
Manager.
Indicates that the Central
Manager server and Manager
cannot communicate with each
other. The connection between
these two may be down, or
Central Manager has been
administratively disconnected.
1 Check that a connection route
exists between the Central
Manager and Manager;
2 Access the Manager directly.
This fault clears when the
Manager detects the Sensor
again.
Network Security
Central Manager
UDS signature
synchronization
failed
78
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Port conflict in Network Security Free this port for Network
Central Manager UDS
Security Central Manager
synchronization. Port already in synchronization to succeed.
use by UDS. Free this port for
Central Manager synchronization
to succeed.
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Trust request failure Critical
Description/Cause
Action
The trust request has failed.
Error message: <exception
string>.
See additional text
information.
4
The trust request has failed
because Manager <Network
Security Central Manager> may
not be reachable. Please confirm
the Manager IP address and that
its service is up and running.
The trust request has failed
because manager <Network
Security Central Manager> has
not yet configured.
The trust request has failed
because the <Network Security
Central Manager> already has a
trust using the configured name.
The previous trusted with
<Network Security Central
Manager> may represent
Manager or another. The
solution is to delete and re-add
the configuration with <Network
Security Central Manager>.
The trust request has failed
because the configured Manager
is in MDR mode, and no active
<Network Security Central
Manager> Manager has been
detected with which to establish
the trust.
The trust request failed due an
internal error.
Alert queue threshold alarms
Alert save failed
Critical
The Manager was unable to
access the alert tables in the
database. Error Message:
<exception string>.
An attempt to save alerts to
the database failed, most
likely due to insufficient
database capacity. Please
ensure that the disk space
allocated to the database is
sufficient, and try the
operation again.
Alert capacity
threshold exceeded
Critical
<Percentage value>% capacity.
Number of alerts: <Number of
alerts> (Database maintenance
and tuning is required.)
Please perform maintenance
operations to clean and tune
the database.
Database
connectivity
problems
Critical
The Manager is having problems Please check if the database
Communicating with it's
service is running and
database. Error Message:
connectivity is present.
<exception string>.
Database
connectivity lost
Critical
The Manager has lost
connectivity with its database.
Error Message: <exception
string>
Please check the DB
Connectivity.
Database integrity
error
Critical
Unable to locate index file for
table: <index_file_name>.
Repair the corrupt Database
tables
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System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Exceeding alert
capacity threshold
Critical
As with the "Approaching alert
capacity threshold" fault
message, this message indicates
the percentage of space
occupied by alerts in the
database. This message appears
once you have exceeded the
alert threshold specified in
Manager | Maintenance.
Perform maintenance
operations to clean the
database. Delete
unnecessary alerts, such as
alerts older than a specific
number of days.
Failure to create additional
space could cause
undesirable behavior in the
Manager.
Licensing
License expires
soon
Critical
Indicates that your Network
Security Platform license is
about to expire; this fault first
appears 7 days prior to
expiration.
Contact
[email protected] for a
current license. This fault
clears when the license is
current. Please contact
Technical Support or your
local reseller.
License expired
Critical
Indicates that your Network
Security Platform license has
expired.
Contact
[email protected] for a
current license.
This fault clears when the
license is current.
Virtual IPS Sensor
License
non-compliance
Critical
When the number of virtual IPS
Sensors installed crosses the
licenses purchased, this fault
appears in the Manager.
Import the required licenses
to the Manager before
installation, or please
contact Technical Support or
your local reseller.
Manager does not
have enough
licenses to manage
the current number
of virtual IPS
Sensors
Critical
The number of licenses needed
to become compliant.
Contact Technical support or
your local reseller to obtain
a License.
Manager error faults
These are the error faults for a Manager and Central Manager.
80
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Anti-virus DAT file
error
Error
A Device is detecting an error on
av-dat file segment <segment_id>.
The segment error cause is
<unknown cause>, and the
download type is <init/update>.
Make sure that the Sensor is
online and in good health.
The Manager will make
another attempt to push the
file to the Sensor. This fault
will clear when the av-dat
file is successfully pushed to
the Sensor.
Device in bad health
Error
Please check the running status of
device <device_name>. This fault
occurs with any type of device
software failure. (It usually occurs in
conjunction with a software error
fault.)
If this fault persists, we
recommend that you
perform a Diagnostic Trace
and submit the trace file to
Technical Support for
troubleshooting.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
ePO Server
Connection Error
Error
The Manager has no connection to
the configured ePO server.
Indicates that the Manager
has no connection to the
configured ePO server. This
can be due to network
connectivity issues, incorrect
credentials, or incorrect
configuration. Refer to the
ePO integration
documentation for more
information.
Firewall filter
application error
Error
Error applying firewall filter
<FILTER: [AttackID=<attackId>]
[VidsID=<vidsId>]
[SrcIP=<srcIP>] [DstIP=<dstIP>]
[Port=<port>]
[Protocol=<protocol>]
[type=<typeString>]> An attempt
to apply this firewall filter from the
device to the firewall has failed.
Failure reason: <Exceed Max
Number of Filters
Check your firewall
configuration. If possible,
increase the maximum
number of available filters.
Ensure connectivity between
the sensor and the firewall.
Error Applying Filter
Timeout During Adding Filter
Unknown Host Isolation Error#>
IP: IPS quarantine
Error
block nodes exhausted
MLC Server
Connection Error
Error
When the number of quarantine
rules exceed the permitted limit, the
Central Manager raises a fault
message to the Manager when the
number of quarantine rules exceeds
the maximum permitted limit. This
can be viewed as an alert in the
Threat Analyzer.
For more information on
quarantine and remediation
functionality, see Quarantine
settings.
Manager has no connection to
configured MLC server.
Indicates that the Manager
has no connection to the
configured MLC server. This
can be due incorrect
certificate import, network
connectivity issues or issues
internal to the MLC server.
Refer to the MLC integration
documentation for more
information.
You can have up to
1000 Quarantine rules
for an IPv4 addresses,
and up to 500
Quarantine rules for
IPv6 addresses.
Mail server and queue
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System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Alert queue full
Error
The Manager has reached its limit
<queue_size_limit> for alerts that
can be queued for storage in the
database. (<no_of_alerts> alerts
dropped)
Indicates that the Manager
has reached the limit
(default of 100,000) of
alerts that can be queued
for storage in the database.
Alerts are being detected by
your sensor(s) faster than
the Manager can process
them. This is evidence of
extremely heavy activity.
Check the alerts you are
receiving to see what is
causing the heavy traffic on
the sensor(s).
E-mail server
unreachable
Error
Connection attempt to e-mail server This fault indicates that the
<mail server> failed. Error:
SMTP mailer host is
<Messaging Exception String>.
unreachable, and occurs
when the Manager fails to
send an email notification or
a scheduled report. This
fault clears when an attempt
to send the email is
successful.
Packet log queue full
Error
The Manager packet log queue has
reached its maximum size of
<pktlog_queue_size_limit>.
(<no_of_pktlogs_dropped>
packets)
The Manager packet log
queue has reached its
maximum size (default
200,000 packets), and is
unable to process packets
until there is space in the
queue. Packets are being
detected by your sensor(s)
faster than the Manager can
process them. This is
evidence of extremely heavy
activity. Check the packets
you are receiving to see
what is causing the heavy
traffic on the sensor(s).
Error
The Manager packet log queue has
reached its maximum size (default
200,000 alerts), and is unable to
process packet logs until there is
space in the queue.
This is evidence of
extremely heavy activity.
Check the packet logs you
are receiving to see what is
causing the heavy traffic on
the Sensor.
Also see the suggested
actions for the alert
Unarchived, queued alert
count full.
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4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Packet capturing error Error
The device detected an error
connecting to the SCP server while
attempting to transfer a packet
capture file.
Action
Device shall attempt to
automatically recover. Check
Packet Capture
configuration.
The device is unable to send the
packet capture file via SCP.
The device has stopped capturing
packets due to insufficient internal
memory.
The device experienced an internal
error while performing the packet
capture.
The device is unable to authenticate
with target server to transfer a
packet capture file.
Queue size full
Syslog Server
unreachable
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Error
Error
The Manager alert queue has
reached its maximum size (default
200,000 alerts), and is unable to
process alerts until there is space in
the queue. Alerts are being detected
by your sensor(s) faster than the
Manager can process them. This is
evidence of extremely heavy
activity.
Check the alerts you are
receiving to see what is
causing the heavy traffic on
the sensor(s).
The Manager alert slow consumer
(SNMP Trap forwarder) queue has
reached its maximum size of alerts
dropped)
The Manager alert slow
consumer (SNMP Trap
forwarder) queue has
reached its maximum size,
and is unable to forward
alerts until there is space in
the queue. Alerts are being
detected by your sensor(s)
faster than the Manager can
process them. This is
evidence of extremely heavy
activity. Check the alerts you
are receiving to see what is
causing the heavy traffic on
the sensor(s).
Connection attempt to Syslog server This fault indicates that the
<server address> failed. Error:
Syslog Server is
<Syslog TCP connection failed>.
unreachable, and occurs
when the Manager fails to
send an syslog notification.
This fault clears when an
attempt to send the syslog
is successful.
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4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Unarchived, queued
packet log count full
Error
Indicates that the Manager has
reached the limit (default of
100,000) of packet logs that can be
queued for storage in the database.
Also indicates the number of
dropped packet logs.
Indicates that the Manager
has reached the limit
(default of 100,000) of
packets that can be queued
for storage in the database.
Packets are being detected
by your sensor(s) faster
than the Manager can
process them. This is
evidence of extremely heavy
activity. Check the packets
you are receiving to see
what is causing the heavy
traffic on the sensor(s).
A Device configuration update failed
to be pushed from the Manager
server to the sensor.
Please see ems.log file to
isolate reason for failure.
Please perform maintenance
operations to clean and tune
the database.
Update device configuration
Device configuration
update failed
Error
Alert capacity monitor
Approaching alert
capacity threshold
Error
<Percentage_value>% capacity.
Number of alerts:
<number_of_alerts>. (Database
maintenance and tuning is
recommended.)
Approaching alert
capacity
Error
Current database size is <x> GB
and disk capacity is <y>.
Error
The Manager is unable to accept
more incidents from the Incident
Generator. Error message:
<exception string>.
Incident Manager
Incident update failed
You have reached the
maximum number of
incidents that can be
accepted by the Manager.
Delete old incidents to
provide room for incoming
incidents.
Alert queue threshold alarms
Alert pruning failure
Error
The Manager was unable to prune
Check your Database
alerts and packet logs during normal Connections
maintenance. Error Message:
<exception string>.
Device upload scheduler
Scheduled botnet
detector deployment
failure
84
Error
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
The Manager was unable to perform Indicates that the Manager
the scheduled Bot DAT deployment
was unable to perform the
to the device <Sensor_name>.
scheduled BOT DAT
deployment to the Sensor.
This is because of network
connectivity between the
Manger and the Sensor, or
an invalid DAT file. This fault
clears when an update is
sent to the Sensor
successfully.
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
4
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Scheduled IPS
signature set
deployment failure
Error
This fault can indicate
problems with network
connectivity between the
Manger and the sensor,
incompatibility between the
update set and the Manager
software, compilation
problems with the signature
update set, or an invalid
update set. This fault clears
when an update is sent to
the sensor successfully.
The Manager was unable to perform
the scheduled signature set
deployment to the device. Error
Message: <exception string>.
Real-time update scheduler
Real-time
Scheduler -signature
set update from
Manager to Sensor
failed
Error
Unable to make scheduled signature This fault can indicate
set update from the Manager to
problems with network
Sensor.
connectivity between the
Manager and the Sensor.
This fault clears when a
signature update is applied
successfully.
Scheduled real-time
update from Update
Server to Manager
failed
Error
Unable to make scheduled update of This fault clears when a
Manager signature sets. This fault
signature update is applied
can indicate—for example, problems successfully.
with network connectivity between
the Update Server and the Manager
or between the Manager and the
Sensor; invalid update sets; or
update sets that were not properly
signed.
Scheduled BOT DAT
signature set
download failure
Error
The Manager is unable to perform
the scheduled BOT DAT signature
set download from the GTI Server.
Error Message: <exception string>.
This fault can indicate
problems with network
connectivity between the
GTI Server and the Manager,
invalid BOT DAT file. This
fault clears automatically
once a new signature set
update is successfully
installed.
Scheduled IPS
signature set
download failure
Error
The Manager is unable to perform
the scheduled signature set
download from the Update Server.
Error Message: <exception string>.
This fault can indicate
problems with network
connectivity between the
Update Server and the
Manager ; invalid update
sets; or update sets that
were not properly signed.
This fault clears when a
signature update is applied
successfully.
Queue size full
Error
The Manager alert queue has
reached its maximum size (default
200,000 alerts), and is unable to
process alerts until there is space in
the queue. Alerts are being detected
by your sensor(s) faster than the
Manager can process them. This is
evidence of extremely heavy
activity.
Check the alerts you are
receiving to see what is
causing the heavy traffic on
the Sensor(s).
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
85
4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Manager warning faults
These are the warning faults for a Manager and Central Manager.
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Disk Space Warning
Warning
Make sure that the drive
where the Manager is
installed has sufficient disk
space.
When the utilized disk space on the
Manager server is between 80% and
89%.
Example:
• Used disk space = 80% invokes a
warning.
• Used disk space = 79% does not
result in any fault.
Failed to backup IDS Warning
Policy
Warning
Failed to backup Policy.
Delete previous versions.
Failed to backup Policy.
Please contact technical
support or local reseller.
Failed to backup
Recon Policy
Warning
Failed to backup Policy.
Please contact technical
support or local reseller.
Warning
Failed to backup Policy.
Delete previous version.
Warning
The Audit Log capacity of the Manager
was reached, and the Manager will
begin overwriting the oldest records
with the newest records (i.e. first in
first out).
This fault will be raised
after a configured number
of records written. No
action is required.
Initiating Audit Log
file rotation
The fault indicates the number of
records that have been written to the
audit log; and equal number of audit
log records are now being overwritten.
Invalid Malware File
Archive Storage
Settings
Warning
The capacity is configured
in the iv_emsproperties
table in MySQL; this option
can be turned off. If this
feature is enabled, when
disk capacity is reached or
audit log capacity is
reached, then Audit Log
rotation is initiated.
The available free disk space on the
Manager is less than the disk space
required to support the current
malware storage settings.
Reduce the maximum disk
space allowed for one or
more file type.
MLC IP - User
Warning
mapping/User count
exceeds limit
Currently, NSM-MLC integration
supports only 100000 IP-user mapping
and 75000 users. One of these has
exceeded, so the device behavior
cannot be guaranteed until these
numbers are brought down.
Check the MLC server
configured with this
Manager. Consider
reducing the number of
users/computers that is
monitored by MLC.
Packet capture
complete
Warning
The device is near capacity. Packet
captures might not capture all packets.
Check Packet Capture
configuration and restart if
required.
Policy Update Failed
Warning
Failed to update following policies
Please edit the policy to fix
during Signature Set import. Please edit the issue.
the policy to fix the issue.
System startup in
progress; alerts
being restored
Warning
System startup restored alerts from the Threat Analyzer may not
archive file. Threat Analyzer may not
show all alerts.
show all alerts.
Vulnerability Manager configuration
IPS policy backup
failure
86
Warning
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Failed to back up policy
<policy_name>.
See ems logs.
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Warning
Failed to back up policy
<policy_name>. The maximum limit of
<value> has been reached.
Delete previous versions.
Failed to back up policy
<policy_name>.
See ems logs.
Failed to back up policy
<policy_name>. The maximum limit of
<value> has been reached.
Delete previous versions.
Reconnaissance
Warning
policy backup failure
Warning
Policy synchronization
Policy
synchronization
aborted
Warning
Policy synchronization has aborted
because concurrent processes are
running on the Manager.
Policy Synchronization
aborted because
concurrent processes are
running on the Network
Security Manager.
Policy
Synchronization
aborted because
concurrent
processes are
running on the
Manager Server
Warning
Unable to synchronize policy due to
concurrent processes are running on
the Manager Server.
Try again later .
Scheduled configuration report
Scheduled reports
error
Warning
Report generation failed for report
template <report_template_name>
because one or more of the selected
resources is no longer available.
Edit and save the disabled
template in Report
Generation.
Manager Disaster Recovery(MDR)
MDR - IPv4 and
IPv6 address
configuration
Warning
You have specified only the peer
Manager <IPv4/IPv6> address. So you
cannot add any <IPv4/IPv6> devices to
the current Manager nor will the
existing <IPv4/IPv6> devices be able to
communicate to the peer Manager.
If Device is needed to
communicate over IPv6 to
Manager and Manager is in
mdr mode, then mdr has
to be reconfigured to
include IPv6 version of the
peer manager.
Warning
The Manager was not shut down
gracefully. (Database tuning is
recommended.)
Perform database tuning
(dbtuning) to fix possible
database inconsistencies
that may have resulted.
Tuning may take a while,
depending on the amount
of data currently in the
database.
Manager Reboot
Manager shutdown
was not graceful
Manager informational faults
These are the informational faults for a Manager and Central Manager.
Fault
Severity
Alert Archival state has
changed
Informational The alert archival process has
started.
Command to invoke
upload internal hosts
process to NSM
Informational The internal host information is sent This message is for
to the Manager.
user information. No
action required.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Description/Cause
Action
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Troubleshooting Guide
87
4
88
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Cluster software
initialization status
Informational Device software has been initialized. On initialization failure,
check if cluster
cross-connects are
present as
documented.
Custom attacks are
being saved to the
Manager
Informational One or more custom attack
definition is in the process of being
saved from the Custom Attack
Editor to the Manager.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Database backup in
progress
Informational A database backup is in progress.
This message is
informational
Data dump retrieval
from peer has been
completed successfully
Informational The data dump retrieval from peer
has been completed successfully
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Data dump retrieval
Informational The data dump retrieval from peer
from peer is in progress
is in progress
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Database backup failure Informational Unable to backup database tables.
This message indicates
that an attempt to
manually back up the
database backup has
failed. The most likely
cause of failure is
insufficient disk space
on the Manager
server; the backup file
may be too big. Check
your disk capacity to
ensure there is
sufficient disk space,
and try the operation
again.
Manager Request is not Informational The Manager Request is not from
from Trusted IP Address
Trusted IP Address.
Ensure the Peer
Manager is not already
in MDR with other
Manager.
Network Security
Informational An Network Security
Platform-defined UDS
Platform-defined UDS has been
overridden by signature
incorporated in a new signature set
set.
and has been removed from the
Custom Attack Editor.
This message is
informational and
indicates that an
emergency
McAfee-provided UDS
signature has been
appropriately
overwritten as part of
a signature set
upgrade.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Description/Cause
Action
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Packet capture file
transfer status
Information
The device has started sending the
packet capture file via SCP.
This message is
informational.
4
The device has completed sending
the packet capture file via SCP.
The device has stopped capturing
packets because it has reached the
configured maximum capture file
size.
The device has stopped capturing
packets because it has reached the
configured maximum duration.
The device is ready to transfer the
packet capture file to Manager.
Packet Log Archival
state has changed
Informational Indicates that the packet log
archival state has changed
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Scheduler - Signature
Informational Scheduler - Signature download
download from Manager
from Manager to Sensor has failed.
to Sensor failed
Sensor software image
or signature set import
in progress
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Informational A Sensor software image or
This message is for
signature set file is in the process of user information. No
being imported from the Network
action required.
Security Platform Update Server to
the Manager server.
Informational
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Signature set update
failed
Informational Signature set update failed while
transferring from the Manager
server to the Sensor.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Signature set update
not successful
Informational The attempt to update the signature
set on the Manager was not
successful, and thus no signature
set is available on the Manager.
You must re-import a
signature set before
performing any action
on the Manager. A
valid signature set
must be present
before any action can
be taken in Network
Security Platform.
Switchback has been
completed, the primary
Manager has got the
control of Sensors now
Informational N/A
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
System startup in
process - alerts being
restored
Informational The Manager is starting up and
restoring alerts from the device
archive file. Threat Analyzer may
not show all alerts until the
Manager is fully online.
You need to restart
Manager, to view the
restored alerts in
Threat Analyzer.
Syslog Forwarder is not Informational ACL logging is enabled, but no
configured for the
Syslog server has been configured
Admin Domain: <Admin
to accept the log messages.
Domain Name> to
accept the ACL logs.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Configure a Syslog
server to receive
forwarded ACL logs.
Troubleshooting Guide
89
4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Successful scheduled
DAT file download
Informational The scheduled DAT file download
from the McAfee GTI Server to the
Manager was successful.
UDS export to the
Manager in progress
Informational One or more UDS is in the process
This message is for
of being exported from the Custom user information. No
Attack Editor to the Manager server. action required.
This message is for
user information, no
action required
Vulnerability Manager configuration
Successful vulnerability
data import from
Vulnerability Manager
Informational Vulnerability data successfully
imported from FoundStone
database server into ISM database
table.
This message is
informational.
No vulnerability records found for
import from FoundStone database.
Scheduled Vulnerability
Manager vulnerability
data import failed
Informational Scheduled Vulnerability Manager
vulnerability data import has failed
Refer to error logs for
details
Vulnerability data
Informational This message indicates that the
import from McAfee
vulnerability data import from
Vulnerability Manager
McAfee Vulnerability Manager
database was successful
database is successful.
For more information on importing
vulnerability data reports in
Manager, see Importing
Vulnerability Scanner Reports,
McAfee Network Security Platform
Integration Guide.
Policy synchronization
Deleted NSCM rule set
in use
Informational Rule set is currently assigned to one Remove the reference
or more resource. Create a clone
and try again.
before deletion.
Deleted NSCM attack
filter in use
Informational Attack filter is currently assigned to
one or more resource. Create a
clone before deletion.
Remove the reference
and try again.
Deleted NSCM policy in
use
Informational Policy is currently assigned to one
or more resource. Create clone
before deletion.
Remove the reference
and try again.
Central Manager
Deleted Network
Security Central
Manager Exception
object is applied on
resource
Informational Exception object is applied on
Deleted Network
resource(s). Creating a clone before Security Central
delete.
Manager Exception
object is applied on
resource(s)
Deleted Central
Manager policy is
applied on resources
Informational Deleted Central Manager policy is in Remove the reference
use
and try again
Policy <policy name> is applied on
resources. Creating clone <policy
name> before delete.
Reset to standalone has Informational A "Reset to Standalone" has been
been invoked; the
invoked; the Primary Manager is
Primary <Manager/
standalone and is in control of
Central Manager> is in
Sensors
control of <Sensors/
Manager>
90
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Remove the reference
and try again.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Reset to standalone is
invoked; the Secondary
<Manager/Central
Manager> is in control
of <Sensors/Manager>
Informational A "Reset to Standalone" has been
invoked; the Secondary Manager is
standalone and is in control of
Sensors
4
Action
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
Reset to standalone is
Informational A "Reset to Standalone" has been
invoked; the <Manager/
invoked; the current Manager is
Central Manager> is in
standalone and in control of
control of <Sensors/
Sensors.
Manager>
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Reset to standalone has Informational A "Reset to Standalone" has been
been invoked; the peer
invoked; the Peer Manager is
<Manager/Central
standalone and in control of
Manager> is in control
Sensors.
of <Sensors/Manager>
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Alert queue threshold alarms
Alert archival in
progress
Informational The Manager is archiving alerts
Wait for the Alert
archival to complete
Packet log archival in
progress
Informational The Manager is archiving packet
logs
Kindly wait for the
Packet Log archival to
complete.
Manager Disaster Recovery(MDR)
Manager version
mismatch. Primary
Manager has latest
version
Informational The two Managers in an
configuration must have the same
Manager software version installed.
The Primary Manager software is
more recent than that of the
Secondary Manager.
Ensure the two
Managers run the
same software version.
Manager version
mismatch. Secondary
Manager has latest
version
Informational The two Managers in an MDR
configuration must have the same
Manager software version installed.
The Secondary Manager software is
more recent than that of the
Primary Manager.
Ensure the two
Managers run the
same software version.
MDR synchronization in
progress
Informational The synchronization from the peer
Manager is in progress.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
MDR synchronization
failure
Informational There was a problem while
retrieving data from the peer
Manager - aborting the
synchronization process.
Check whether the
peer Manager machine
is reachable from this
machine
MDR - Manager
<Central Manager/
Manager> switched
from <Standalone/
MDR> to <MDR/
Standalone> mode
Informational Manager <(mgr_name) OR (ICC)
(mgr_name)> is taking the control.
See the fault message.
MDR manual switch
over successful; the
Secondary <Manager/
Central Manager> is in
control of <Sensors/
Manager>
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery initiated This message is for
via a manual switchover, is
user information. No
successfully completed. Secondary
action required.
Manager is now in control of
Sensors.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
The Manager <mngr_name> is
<Primary/Secondary> and its peer
Manager, <peer_mgr_ip_addr> is
<Primary/Secondary>
Troubleshooting Guide
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92
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
MDR automatic
switchover has been
completed; the
Secondary <Manager/
Central Manager> is in
control of <Sensors/
Manager>
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery
switchover has been completed; the
Secondary Manager is in control of
Sensors.
MDR configuration
information retrieval
from Primary Manager
successful
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery
This message is for
Secondary Manager has successfully user information. No
retrieved configuration information
action required.
from the Primary Manager.
MDR forced switch over
has been completed;
the Secondary
<Manager/Central
Manager> is in control
of <Sensors/Manager>
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery is
completed via a manual switchover.
Secondary Manager is now in
control of Sensors.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
MDR operations have
been resumed
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery
functionality has been resumed.
Failover functionality is again
available.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
MDR operations have
been suspended
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery
functionality has been suspended.
No failover will take place while
MDR is suspended.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
MDR switchback has
been completed; the
Primary <Manager/
Central Manager> is in
control of <Sensors/
Manager>
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery
This message is for
switchback has been completed; the user information, no
Primary Manager has regained
action required.
control of Sensors.
MDR pair is changed
Informational McAfee® Network Security Central
Manager (Central Manager) has an
MDR pair created and the Manager
is in disconnected mode. If Central
Manager MDR pair is dissolved, and
recreated, making the existing
primary Manager as secondary
Manager and existing secondary
Manager as primary Manager, the
fault is raised.
Failover has occurred;
the Secondary
Manager is now in
control of the Sensors.
Troubleshoot problems
with the Primary
Manager and attempt
to bring it online again.
Once it is online again,
you can switch control
back to the Primary.
Dissolve and re-create
an MDR pair.
Network Security
Informational The two Managers in an MDR
Manager Type mismatch
configuration must have the same
Manager Type.
Ensure both Managers
are of same Type
(Network Security
Central Manager or
Network Security
Manager)
Successful MDR
synchronization from
<Network Security
Central Manager/
Network Security
Manager>
This message is
informational.
Informational The secondary <Central Manager/
Manager> has successfully
retrieved configuration information
from the primary <Central
Manager/Manager>.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Successful MDR
switchback. (Primary
<Central Manager/
Manager> will take
control of the
<Managers/Sensors>)
Informational The MDR switchback has completed
without error. (The primary
<Central Manager/Manager> will
take control of the <Managers/
Sensors>.)
Successful MDR manual
switchover. (Secondary
<Central Manager/
Manager> will take
control of the
<Managers/Sensors>)
Informational The administrator-initiated MDR
This message is
switchover has completed without
informational.
error. (The secondary <Central
Manager/Manager> will take control
of the <Managers/Sensors>)
MDR - Reset to
standalone invoked
Informational The MDR pair has been reset to
This message is
standalone Managers. This <Central informational.
Manager/Manager> is standalone
and will take control of the
<Managers/Sensors>.
4
Action
This message is
informational.
Informational (This <Central Manager/Manager>
will take control of the <Managers/
Sensors>)
The MDR pair has been
reset to standalone
Managers. The peer
<Central Manager/
Manager> is
standalone and will
take control of the
<Managers/Sensors>.
MDR has been canceled
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery has
been cancelled
This message is
informational.
MDR automatic
switchover detected.
(Secondary <Central
Manager/Manager> will
take control of the
<Managers/Sensors>)
Informational An automatic MDR switchover has
completed without error. (The
secondary <Central Manager/
Manager> will take control of the
<Managers/Sensors>.)
This message is
informational.
MDR manual switchover Informational The administrator has initiated an
in progress. (Secondary
MDR switchover. (The secondary
<Central Manager/
<Central Manager/Manager> will
Manager> will take
take control of the <Managers/
control of the
Sensors>)
<Managers/Sensors>)
This message is
informational.
Successful MDR pair
creation
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery (MDR)
has been successfully configured.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
Successful MDR
synchronization in
progress
Informational Synchronization from the peer
Manager has been completed
successfully.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
MDR suspended
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery has
been administratively suspended.
(No switchover will take place while
MDR is suspended.)
This message is
informational.
MDR resumed
Informational Manager Disaster Recovery
functionality has been resumed by
the administrator. Failover
functionality is again available.
This message is
informational.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
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4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
MDR Device-to-Manager IP
mismatch
Informational The device-to-Manager
communication IP <Manager_ip>
does not match with the peer
Manager IP <peer_Manager_ip>.
Action
Ensure that the
Sensor- Manager
communication IP
matches with the peer
Manager's peer IP in
MDR configuration.
MDR - <Network
Informational The two <Central Manager/
Security Central
Manager>s in an MDR configuration
Manager/Network
must have the same <Network
Security Manager>
Security Central Manager/Network
version mismatch. (Peer
Security Manager> software version
<Central Manager/
installed. The peer <Network
Manager> has newer
Security Central Manager/Network
version)
Security Manager> server software
is more recent than that of the
current <Central Manager/
Manager>.
Ensure both Managers
are running the same
version of the Manager
software.
MDR - Manager type
mismatch
Informational The two Managers in an MDR pair
Ensure both Managers
must be of the same type (Manager are of same Type
versus Central Manager).
(Network Security
Central Manager or
Network Security
Manager).
MDR - <Central
Manager/Manager>
request is not from a
trusted IP address
Informational The <Central Manager/Manager>
request is not from a trusted IP
address.
MDR - system time
synchronization error
Informational The two Managers in an MDR pair
Ensure both Managers
must have the same operating
are in sync with
system time. Ensure both Managers current time.
are in sync with the same time
source. (Otherwise, the device
communication channels will
experience disconnects.)
Ensure the Peer
Manager is not already
in MDR with other
Manager.
Database archival
Alert archival in
progress
Informational Alerts are currently being archived.
Successful alert archival Informational The alert archival successfully
completed.
Do not attempt to tune
the database or
perform any other
database activity such
as a backup or restore
until the archival
process successfully
completes.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Database tuning
94
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
Description/Cause
4
Fault
Severity
Action
Database tuning in
progress
Informational The Manager database is currently
being tuned.
The user cannot do the
following operations
during tuning process
(1) Viewing / Modifying
alerts from Threat
Analyzer (2)
Generating IDS reports
on alerts (3) Backing
up / Restoration of all
tables OR alert and
packet log tables. (4)
Archiving alerts and
packet logs into files
Database tuning
recommended
Informational Database tuning is recommended.
<no_of_days> days have passed
since the last database tuning.
Shutdown the Manager
and execute the
Database Tuning Utility
at the earliest
Successful database
tuning
Informational The Manager database was tuned
without error.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Informational Firewall logging has been enabled,
yet no syslog server is currently
defined/enabled for admin domain
<admin_domain_name>.
This message will
appear until a Syslog
server has been
configured for use in
forwarding ACL logs.
ACL logging
Required syslog
forwarder missing
Update scheduler
Automatic botnet
Informational A new botnet detector has recently
detectors deployment in
been downloaded from the GTI
progress
Server to the Manager and is being
deployed to the devices.
This message is
informational.
Automatic signature set
deployment in progress
Informational A new signature set has recently
been downloaded from the Update
Server to the Manager and is now
being deployed to the devices.
This message is
informational.
Botnet detectors
deployment in progress
Informational A new botnet detectors version has
recently been downloaded from the
McAfee update server to the
Manager and is being deployed to
the devices.
This message is
informational.
Connecting to McAfee
update server for
updates
Informational Connecting to McAfee update server This message is
for updates.
informational.
Failed connection
attempt to McAfee GTI
Server.
Informational Failed to connect to the McAfee GTI
Server.
This message is
informational.
Scheduled signature set Informational A new signature set has recently
deployment in progress
been downloaded from the Update
Server to the Manager and is now
being deployed to the devices, as
scheduled.
This message is
informational.
Scheduled signature set Informational A scheduled signature set update is
download in progress
in the process of downloading from
the McAfee Update Server to the
Manager server
This message is
informational.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
95
4
System fault messages
Manager faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Scheduled botnet
Informational The scheduled botnet detectors
detectors download is in
download from the McAfee update
progress
server to the Manager is in
progress.
This message is
informational.
Successful scheduled
signature set
deployment
Informational A new signature set has recently
been downloaded from the Update
Server to the Manager and
successfully deployed to the
devices, as scheduled.
This message is
informational.
Successful scheduled
signature set download
Informational The scheduled signature set
download from the McAfee Update
Server to the Manager was
successful.
This message is
informational.
Successful scheduled
botnet detectors
download
Informational The scheduled botnet detectors
download from the McAfee update
server to the Manager was
successful.
This message is
informational.
Successful scheduled
botnet detectors
deployment
Informational A new botnet detectors version has
recently been downloaded from the
McAfee update server to the
Manager and is being deployed to
the devices.
This message is
informational.
Successful automatic
botnet detectors
deployment
Informational A new botnet detectors version has
recently been downloaded from the
McAfee Update Server to the
Manager and successfully deployed
to the devices.
This message is
informational.
Successful automatic
signature set
deployment
Informational A new signature set has recently
been downloaded from the Update
Server to the Manager and
successfully deployed to the
devices.
This message is
informational.
Update Scheduler in
progress
Informational This message indicates that the
update scheduler is in progress.
This message is
informational.
Signature download from Update Server to Manager
Signature set
deployment in progress
Informational A signature set is in the process of
This message is
being deployed from the Manager to informational.
the device.
Successful signature set Informational The signature set was successfully
download from Update
downloaded from the McAfee
Server
Update Server to the Manager.
This message is
informational.
Update device configuration
Device configuration
update in progress
Informational The Manager is in the process of
pushing the configuration (and
signature set, as applicable) to the
device.
This message is
informational.
Signature set
96
DAT file import is in
progress
Informational A DAT file is being imported into the This message is for
Manager.
user information. No
action required.
Device software, IPS
signature set, or botnet
detectors import in
progress
Informational A device software, IPS signature
set, or botnet detectors file is being
imported into the Manager.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
This message is
informational.
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Manager faults
Description/Cause
4
Fault
Severity
Action
Device software, IPS
signature set, or botnet
detectors download in
progress
Informational A device software, IPS signature
set, or botnet detectors file is being
downloaded from the McAfee
Update Server to the Manager.
This message is
informational.
Informational The audit log capacity on the
Manager is <value taken from ems
property
iv.policymgmt.RuleEngine.CircularA
uditLogMax> records. After this
number of records is reached, the
Manager will overwrite the oldest
records with the newest records
(i.e. first in, first out). This fault
indicates that <value taken from
ems property
iv.policymgmt.RuleEngine.CircularA
uditLogMax> records have been
written to the audit log and that the
oldest audit log records are now
being overwritten. This fault will be
raised every <value taken from ems
property
iv.policymgmt.RuleEngine.CircularA
uditLogMax> records written. No
action is required. This is an
informational fault.
No action, this is an
indicator to inform that
audit log is
overwritten.
Audit logger
Rotating audit logs
User defined signature
Custom attack
Informational One or more custom attack
overridden by signature
definition has been incorporated
set
into the current signature set and
therefore removed as a custom
attack. Removed custom attacks:
<list of removed custom attacks>
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Custom attack save in
progress
Informational One or more custom attack
definition is in the process of being
saved to the Manager.
This message is
informational.
Custom attack save
successful
Informational One or more custom attack
definition has been successfully
saved to the Manager.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Database backup is in
progress
Informational A manual or scheduled database
backup process is in progress.
Do not attempt to tune
the database or
perform any other
database activity such
as an archive or
restore until the
backup process
successfully
completes.
Database backup
successful
Informational The database backup was
successful.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Backup Manager
Backup scheduler
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
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4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Scheduled backup failed Informational Unable to create backup for
scheduled database
This fault indicates
problems such as SQL
exceptions, database
connectivity problems,
or out-of-disk space
errors.
Check your backup
configuration settings.
This fault clears when
a successful backup is
made.
Mail server and queue
System startup in
process - alerts being
restored
Informational The Manager is starting up and
restoring alerts from the device
archive file. Threat Analyzer may
not show all alerts until the
Manager is fully online.
Threat Analyzer may
not show all alerts.
Restarting the
manager is required to
show the restored
alerts in Threat
Analyzer.
Sensor faults
The Sensor faults can be classified into critical, error, warning, and informational. The Action column
provides you with troubleshooting tips.
Sensor critical faults
These are the critical faults for a Sensor device.
98
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
BOT DAT file
download failure
Critical
The Manager cannot push the
BOT DAT file to device
<Sensor_name>
Occurs when the Manager cannot
push the BOT DAT file to the
Sensor. Could result from the
network connectivity issue.
Bootloader upgrade
failure
Critical
The firmware upgrade has failed
on the Sensor.
Debug or reload the firmware on
the Sensor.
Conflict in MDR
Status
Critical
Sensor found a conflict with MDR There is a problem with MDR
status; Manager IP address /
configuration. Check your MDR
MDR status as ...
settings.
CRC Errors
Critical
A recoverable CRC error has
occurred within the Sensor.
Reboot the Sensor, which may
then resolve the issue causing
the fault.
Cluster software
mismatch status
Critical
The software versions on the
cluster primary and cluster
secondary are not the same.
Check for errors in software
image download to cluster.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Sensor faults
4
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Device re-discovery
failure
Critical
The upload of device
configuration information for
device <Sensor_name> failed
again after being triggered by
the status polling thread. The
device is not properly initialized.
This fault occurs as a second
part to the “device discovery
failure” fault. If the condition of
the Sensor changes such that
the Manager can again
communicate with it, the
Manager again checks to see if
the Sensor discovery was
successful. This fault is issued if
discovery fails, thus the Sensor
is still not properly initialized.
Check to ensure that the Sensor
has the latest software image
compatible with the Manager
software image. If the images
are incompatible, update the
Sensor image via a tftp server.
Device is
unreachable
Critical
SNMP ping failed: Device
<Sensor_name> is unreachable
through its command channel.
Indicates that the device cannot
communicate with the Manager:
the connection between the
device and the Manager is down,
or the device has been
administratively disconnected.
Troubleshoot connectivity issues:
1) check that a connection route
exists between the Manager and
the device; 2) check the
device'’s status using the
<status> command in the device
command line interface, or ping
the device or the device's
gateway to ensure connectivity.
This fault clears when the
Manager detects the device
again.
Device dropping
packets internally
Critical
Device capacity has been
reached.
Device front end is overloaded.
Reduce the amount of traffic
passing through the Sensor as
there is an overload of traffic on
the Sensor.
Device model change Critical
detected
Device <Sensor_name> has
been replaced by a different
model <model_name>, which
does not match the original
model. The alert channel will not
be able to establish a connection.
Make sure you replace the model
with the same Sensor model
(e.g., replace an I-2700 with an
I-2700, not an I-4010).
Device switched to
Critical
Layer 2 bypass mode
Device is now operating in Layer
2 bypass mode. (Inspection has
been disabled.)
The Sensor has experienced
multiple errors, surpassing the
configured Layer2 mode
threshold. Check the Sensor's
status.
Device reboot
required
The SSL decryption state or
Reboot the Sensor to cause the
supported flow count on device
SSL change to take effect.
<Sensor_name> has been
changed (new value = <value>).
A device reboot is required to
make the change take effect.
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
99
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Dropping alerts and
packet logs
Critical
Manager is not communicating
with the database; the alert and
packet logs overflowing queues.
Perform maintenance operations
to clean and tune the database
or disable dropping option.
Fail Open Control
Module Timeout
Critical
Communication has timed out
between the Fail Open Controller
in the Sensor's Compact Flash
port and the Fail Open Bypass
Switch. This situation has caused
the Sensor to move to Bypass
mode and traffic to bypass the
Sensor.
The fault could be the result of a
cable being disconnected, or
removal of the Bypass Switch.
This fault clears automatically
when communication resumes
between the Fail Open Controller
and Fail Open Bypass Switch.
Failed to create
command channel
association
Critical
Command channel association
creation failed for device
<Sensor_name>. The device is
not properly initialized. This error
indicates a failure to create a
secure connection between the
Manager and the device, which
can be caused by loss of time
synchronization between the
Manager and device or that the
device is not completely online
after a reboot.
Restart the Manager and/or
check the Sensor’s operating
status to ensure that the
Sensor’s health and status are
good.
Failed to update the
failover Sensor
configuration
Critical
Monitoring port IP settings are
not configured for the ports that
require it.
Either configure the Monitoring
Port IPs for all the above ports
(or) Disable those features.
For example, monitoring port IP
settings are required for a
monitoring port to export
NetFlow data to NTBA and to
implement require-authentication
Firewall access rules.
Failover peer status
Critical
This fault indicates whether the
Sensor peer is up or down.
This fault clears automatically
when the Sensor peer is up.
Fan error
Critical
One or more of the fans inside
the Sensor have failed.
On the I-4000, you can also
check the Sensor's front panel
LEDs to see which fan has failed.
For the I-4000 and 4010, the
Manager indicates which fan has
failed.
If a fan is not operational,
McAfee strongly recommends
powering down the Sensor and
contacting Technical Support to
schedule a replacement unit.
In the meantime, you can use an
external fan (blowing into the
front of the Sensor) to prevent
the Sensor from overheating
until the replacement is
completed.
Fail-open bypass
switch timeout
100
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
The device is not able to
communicate with the fail-open
bypass switch.
Check external FailOpen kit
connections or portpair
configuration to restore Inline
FailOpen mode.
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Firewall connectivity
failure
Critical
The connectivity between the
device and the firewall is down.
This fault can occur in situations
where, for example, the firewall
machine is down, or the network
is experiencing problems. Ping
the firewall to see if the firewall
is available. Contact your IT
department to troubleshoot
connectivity issues.
Hardware error
Critical
There is an error in the hardware Debug or replace the hardware
component on the Sensor.
component.
Sensor connectivity
status with GTI
server
Critical
Sensor is unable to communicate Message generated based on
with GTI server. This fault will be Sensor Connectivity with GTI
cleared when connection is
Server.
restored.
Illegal In-line,
fail-open
configuration of
<port_name>.
Critical
The Sensor is configured to
operate with an external
Fail-Open Module hardware
component, but cannot detect
the hardware.
This error applies only to
Sensors running in in-line mode
with a gigabit port in fail-open
mode (using the external Fail
Open Module). When this fault is
triggered, the port will be in
bypass mode and will send
another fault of that nature to
the Manager. When appropriate
configuration is sent to the
Sensor (either the hardware is
discovered or the configuration
changes), and the Sensor begins
to operate in in-line-fail open
mode.
Image downgrade
detected
Critical
Unsupported configuration
upgrade/downgrade, default
configurations are used.
This is an internal error. Check
the Sensor status to see that the
Sensor is online and in good
health.
Internal configuration Critical
error
An internal application
This is an internal error. Check
communication error occurred on the sensor status to see that the
the device during <handling
Sensor is online and in good
signature segments file
health.
SNMP configuration request or
other Sensor internal
communication.
Image downgrade, Please do a
resetconfig.
Unsupported configuration
upgrades, default configurations
are used.
Image downgrade detected.
Please execute <resetconfig> on
the device CLI to complete the
downgrade.
Unsupported BOT DAT
configuration detected after
upgrade/downgrade. The default
configuration will be used.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
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4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Interface/
sub-interface
creation failure
Critical
Device <Sensor_name> could
not generate an interface or
sub-interface. See the system
log for details.
This fault generally occurs in
situations where the port in
question is configured
incorrectly. For example, a pair
of ports is configured to be in
different operating modes (1A is
In-line while 1B is in SPAN).
Check the configuration of the
port pair for inconsistencies,
then configure the port pair to
run in the same operating mode.
Invalid fail-open
configuration:
<port_pair_name>
Critical
An invalid configuration has been The Sensor requires appropriate
applied to <port_pair_name>
hardware to support in-line,
fail-open configuration on its
gigabit ports. Ensure that the
hardware is available and that
the correct ports are in-line and
configured to run in this mode.
Invalid SSL
decryption key
Critical
Device has detected invalid SSL
User may need to re-import the
decryption key: <SSL decryption server SSL decryption key.
key>
Late Collision of
<count Up/Down>
Critical
This fault can indicate a problem
with the setup or configuration of
the 10/100 Ethernet ports or
devices connected to those
ports. It can also indicate a
compatibility issue between the
Sensor and the device to which it
is connected.
Check the speed and duplex
settings on the Sensor ports and
the peer device ports and ensure
that they are the same.
Link failure of Port
<port_name>
Critical
The link between a Monitoring
port on the Sensor and the
device to which it is connected is
down, and communication is
unavailable. The fault indicates
which port is affected.
Contact your IT department to
troubleshoot connectivity issues:
check the cabling of the specified
Monitoring port and the device
connected to it; check the speed
and duplex mode of the
connection to the switch or
router to ensure parameters
such as port speed and duplex
mode are set correctly; check
power to the switch or router.
Users from all three FIPS mode
roles (Audit Administrator,
Crypto Administrator and
Security Administrator) have
logged onto the Manager at the
same time. The link on port
<port_name> is <up/down>.
The link between port
"<port_name>" and the device
to which it is connected is down,
and communication is
unavailable.
102
This fault clears when
communication is re-established.
License expires soon
Critical
Your license is going to expire in
less than 7 days.
Please contact Technical Support
or your local reseller.
Load Balancer
fail-over
configuration
mismatch
Critical
Load Balancer
<Load_Balancer_name> reports
fail-over peer configuration is not
matching.
Verify Load Balancer
configuration. Both Load
Balancers in fail-over pair is
expected to have same
configuration.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Load Balancer is
unreachable
Critical
SNMP ping failed; load balancer
<load_balancer_name> is
unreachable through its
command channel.
Indicates that the load balancer
cannot communicate with the
Manager: the connection
between the load balancer and
the Manager is down, or the load
balancer has been
administratively disconnected.
Troubleshoot connectivity issues:
1) check that a connection route
exists between the Manager and
the load balancer; 2) check the
load balancer status using the
status command in the load
balancer command line interface,
or ping the load balancer or the
load balancer gateway to ensure
connectivity to the load balancer.
This fault clears when the
Manager detects the load
balancer again.
Malware File Archive
Disk
Usage(Compressed
files)
Critical
The disk usage for archived
Prune/delete unwanted files, or
compressed files has reached the increase the maximum disk
user defined threshold of the
space or both.
maximum allowed. New files of
this type will no longer be saved
to the disk once usage
reaches100%.
Malware File Archive
Disk Usage
(Executables)
Critical
The disk usage for archived
executables has reached the
user-defined threshold of the
maximum allowed. New files of
this type will no longer be saved
to the disk once usage reaches
100%.
Prune/delete unwanted files, or
increase the maximum disk
space or both.
Malware File Archive
Disk Usage (Office
Files)
Critical
The disk usage for archived
office files has reached the
user-defined threshold of the
maximum allowed. New files of
this type will no longer be saved
to the disk once usage reaches
100%.
Prune/delete unwanted files, or
increase the maximum disk
space or both.
Malware File Archive
Disk Usage (PDFs)
Critical
The disk usage for archived PDFs Prune/delete unwanted files, or
has reached the user-defined
increase the maximum disk
threshold of the maximum
space or both.
allowed. New files of this type
will no longer be saved to the
disk once usage reaches 100%.
Manual Sensor
Reboot Required
Critical
Sensor requires manual reboot
due to an issue. Please reboot
the Sensor.
Please Reboot the Sensor.
Memory error
Critical
A recoverable software memory
error has occurred within the
Sensor.
Reboot the Sensor, which may
then resolve the issue causing
the fault.
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Troubleshooting Guide
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4
104
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
MLC Group Size fault
Critical
Sensor version 8.0 or lower not
supported for this group size.
Fault is raised when the admin
domain user group exceeds
2,000 in an 8.0 or lower M-series
model. The 10,000 admin
domain user group is supported
only in the 8.1 Manager for
M-series model. Reduce the
number of admin domain user
groups to a value that is
supported by your Sensor.
MPE certificate
download failure
Critical
Cannot push MPE certificate to
device <Sensor_name>. See
system log for details.
Occurs when the Manager cannot
push the MPE Certificate to a
Sensor. Could result from a
network connectivity issue.
NTBA IPS connection
failure
Critical
Device can't communicate to
NTBA over management port on
TCP protocol.
If any of devices are uninstalled,
this problem may exists initially
for a few minutes and should go
away. If the fault still appears,
then check the firewall rules and
connections and connectivity
from IPS Management port to
NTBA management port.
Ondemand scan
Critical
failed because
connection was
refused to FoundScan
engine
This fault can be due to two
reasons- the user has not
specified the Fully Qualified
Domain Name OR the FoundScan
engine is shutdown.
For more information on using
Fully Qualified Domain Name,
see McAfee Network Security
Platform Integration Guide.
Packet capture rules
download
Critical
Cannot push packet capture
Occurs when the Manager cannot
rules to device <Sensor_name>. push the packet capture rules to
See system log for details.
a Sensor. Could result from a
network connectivity issue.
Packet overflow
Critical
A recoverable software buffer
overflow error has occurred
within the Sensor.
Reboot the Sensor. which may
then resolve the issue causing
the fault
Port late collision
Critical
This fault could indicate a
problem with the setup or
configuration of the 10/100
Ethernet ports or devices
connected to those ports. It
could also indicate a
compatibility issue between the
Sensor and the device to which it
is connected.
The Sensor may be detecting an
issue with another device located
on the same network link. Check
to see if there is a problem with
one of the other devices on the
same link as the Sensor. This
situation could cause traffic to
cease flowing on the Sensor and
may require a Sensor reboot.
Port pair
<port_name> is
back to In-line,
Fail-Open Mode
Critical
Sensor is back to In-line,
Fail-Open Mode.
This message indicates that the
ports have gone from Bypass
mode back to normal.
Port pair
<port_name> is in
Bypass Mode
Critical
This fault indicates that the
indicated GBIC ports are unable
to remain in In-line Mode as
configured. This has caused
fail-open control to initiate and
the Sensor is now operating in
Bypass Mode. Bypass mode
indicates that traffic is flowing
through the Fail Open Bypass
Switch, bypassing the Sensor
completely.
Check the health of the Sensor
and the indicated ports. Check
the connectivity of the Fail Open
Control Cable to ensure that the
Fail Open Control Module can
communicate with the Fail Open
Controller in the Sensor's
Compact Flash port.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Port pair
<port_pair_name>
in bypass mode
Critical
Device <Sensor_name> is
configured to run in-line and to
fail open, but it is in bypass
mode.
This fault indicates that some
failure has occurred, causing the
fail-open control module to
switch operation to Bypass
Mode. No traffic is flowing
through the Sensor.
Port pair
<port_pair_name>
in in-line, fail-open
mode
Critical
Device <Sensor_name> has
returned to in-line, fail-open
mode.
This message indicates that the
ports have gone from Bypass
Mode back to normal.
Port pair
<port_pair_name>
fail-open kit status
Critical
Device <Sensor_name> is
configured to run in-line and to
fail open, but it is in <Bypass,
Tap, Absent, Unknown,
L2Bypass, Timeout,
IllegalConfig,Restore> Mode.
This fault indicates that some
failure has occurred, causing the
fail-open control module to
switch operation to <Bypass,
Tap, Absent, Unknown,
L2Bypass, Timeout,
IllegalConfig,Restore> Mode. No
traffic is flowing through the
Sensor.
Port media type
mismatch
Critical
<Port_name>: Configured media
type is <none/optical/copper/
unknown>. Inserted media type
is <optical/copper/unknown>
Check if pluggable connector
matched user configuration.
Example: Copper SFP inserted in
cage configured for Fiber.
Replace the media according to
the configured value.
Port certification
mismatch
Critical
<Port_name>: McAfee Certified
pluggable interface. McAfee
certification status is <not
matching/matching>.
Check if pluggable interface is
McAfee certified. Replace with
McAfee certified connector or
disable check-box to use non
certified connector
(recommended to use McAfee
certified).
Power supply error
Critical
The <primary/secondary> power
supply to the device <was
inserted/was removed/is
Operational/is non-operational>.
Restore the power supply to
clear this fault.
Check power to the outlet
providing power to the power
supply; if a power interruption is
not the cause, replace the failed
power supply.
Sensor changes to a
different model
Critical
A Sensor was replaced with a
different model type (for
example, an I-1200 was replaced
with an I-1200-FO (failover only)
Sensor). The alert channel will
be unable to make a connection.
When replacing a Sensor, ensure
that you replace it with an
identical model (for example,
replace an I-1200 with an
I-1200, do not attempt to
replace a regular Sensor with a
failover-only model, and
vice-versa).
Sensor configuration
download failure
Critical
The Manager cannot push
original Sensor configuration to
Sensor during Sensor
re-initialization, possibly because
the trust relationship is lost
between Manager and Sensor.
The link between Manager and
Sensor may be down, or you
may need to re-establish the
trust relationship between
Sensor and Manager by resetting
the shared key values.
This can also occur when a failed
Sensor is replaced with a new
unit, and the new unit is unable
to discover its configuration
information .It happens if the
Sensor's health is bad.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
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4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
<Sensor_name>
configuration update
failure
Critical
The attempt by the Manager to
deploy the configuration to
device <Sensor_name> failed
during device re-initialization.
The device configuration is now
out of sync with the Manager
settings. The device may be
down. See the system log for
details.
The Manager cannot push the
original device configuration
during device re-initialization.
This can also occur when a failed
device is replaced with a new
unit, and the new unit is unable
to discover its configuration
information.
Sensor reboot
required for SSL
decryption
configuration change
Critical
User-configured SSL decryption
settings for a particular Sensor
changed, requiring a Sensor
reboot.
Reboot the Sensor to cause the
changes to take effect.
Signature set error
Critical
The device has detected an error
on signature segment
<segment_id>. The segment
error cause is <unknown
cause>, and the download type
is <init/update/unknown
signature download type>.
Ensure that the Sensor is online
and in good health. The Manager
will make another attempt to
push the file to the Sensor. This
fault will clear with the signature
segments are successfully
pushed to the Sensor.
Solid State Drive
<drive 0> Error
Critical
The solid state drive <drive 0> is Check the respective SSD status,
<drive 1>.
on failure replace the SSD.
Sensor switched to
Layer 2 mode
Critical
The Sensor has moved from
detection mode to Layer 2
(Passthru) mode. This indicates
that the Sensor has experienced
the specified number of errors
within the specified timeframe
and Layer 2 mode has triggered.
The Sensor will remain in Layer
2 mode until it is rebooted.
Sensor switched to
Critical
Layer 2 Bypass mode
Sensor is now operating in
Layer2 Bypass mode. Intrusion
detection/prevention is not
functioning.
The Sensor has experienced
multiple errors, surpassing the
configured Layer2 mode
threshold. Check the Sensor's
status.
Software error
Critical
A recoverable software error has
occurred within the device. A
device reboot may be required.
This error may require a reboot
of the Sensor, which may then
resolve the issue causing the
fault.
SSL decryption key
download failure
Critical
Cannot push SSL decryption keys Occurs when the Manager cannot
to device <Sensor_name>. See
push the SSL decryption keys to
system log for details.
a Sensor. Could result from a
network connectivity issue.
Temperature status
Critical
Inlet Temperature value
increased above 50.
Check the Fan LEDs in front of
the chassis to ensure all internal
chassis fans are functioning.
This fault will clear when the
temperature returns to its
normal range.
User login via
console after Sensor
initialization
Critical
Sensor reports user
<user_name> login via console
after Sensor initialization. This is
a FIPS 140-2 Level 3 violation.
This message is informational.
Advanced Threat Defense connectivity
106
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Sensor connectivity
Critical
status with Advanced
Threat Defense
device
4
Action
Message generated based on
Sensor Connectivity with
Advanced Threat Defense (ATD)
device.
Sensor is unable to communicate
with Advanced Threat Defense
(ATD) device due to . This fault
will be cleared when connection
is restored.
To obtain a permanent license
now, kindly contact Technical
Support or your local reseller.
Licensing
Device discovered
without license
Critical
Device <Sensor_name>
discovered without license, and
may not detect attacks.
Device discovered
with cluster
secondary license.
Critical
Device <Sensor_name> was
discovered with a cluster
secondary license. This device
not be connected to the Manager
directly.
Device license
expired
Critical
Device license expired. The
device may not detect attacks.
Device support
license expired
Critical
Device support license expired.
The device may not detect
attacks.
Expired device
license
Critical
Device license expired. The
device may not detect attacks.
Expired device
support license
Critical
Device support license expired.
The device may not detect
attacks.
Expired license for
device of type
<device_type>
Critical
The device may not detect
attacks.
Expired support
license for device of
type <device_type>
Critical
The device may not detect
attacks.
No valid license
Critical
detected for device of
type <device_type>
The discovered device may not
detect attacks.
Pending support
license expiration for
device of type
<device_type>
Support license for this device
expires in <x> days.
Critical
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Please contact technical support
or your local reseller to obtain a
License.
Please contact technical support
or your local reseller to renew
the support License.
Troubleshooting Guide
107
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Sensor error faults
These are the error faults for a Sensor device.
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Alert channel
down
Error
This fault clears when the alert
channel is back up.
The alert channel for device
<Sensor_name> is down. Reason:
<"Channel connection failed reason
unknown",
"Channel is up",
"Sensor unable to sync time with NSM
(error 2)",
"Sensor unable to generate valid
certificate (error 3)",
"Sensor unable to persist Sensor
certificate (error 4)",
"Sensor fail connecting to NSM (error
5)",
"Sensor in untrusted connection mode
(error 6)",
"Sensor install connection failed (error
7)",
"Sensor unable to persist NSM
certificate (error 8)",
"Mutual trust mismatch between
Sensor and NSM (error 9)"
"Error in SNMPv3 key exchange (error
10)",
"Error in initial protocol message
exchange (error 11)",
"Sensor install in progress",
"Opening alert channel in progress",
"Link error. Attempting to reconnect
(error 14)",
"Alert channel reconnect failed (error
15)",
"Closing alert channel in progress",
"Closing alert channel failed (error
17)",
"Send alert warning (error 18)",
"Keep alive warning (error 19)",
"Sensor unable to delete certificate
(error 20)",
"Sensor unable to create SNMP user
(error 21)",
"Sensor unable to change SNMP user
key (error 22)">
108
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
The Manager cannot communicate
with the device via the channel on
which the Manager listens for Sensor
alerts.
Device in bad
health
Error
Please check the running status of
device <device_name>. This fault
occurs with any type of device
software failure. (It usually occurs in
conjunction with a software error
fault.)
Game error
Error
Indicates that the engine could not be This fault clears when the engine
initialized or downloaded and also if
could be initialized or
the Dat file could not be downloaded. downloaded and also if the Dat
file can be downloaded.
Internal packet
drop error
Error
Device is dropping packets due to
traffic load.
Reduce the amount of traffic
passing through the Sensor as
this fault indicates overload of
traffic on the Sensor.
MLC Bulk update Error
file size exceeds
limit
Device has a limit for the MLC Bulk
Update file size that it can process. As
this has exceeded, update to the
device <Sensor_name> is aborted.
Check the MLC server configured
in this Manager for the number
of users, groups, and IP user
mappings. Make sure they do
not exceed the limits specified in
the MLC Integration
documentation.
Out-of-range
configuration
Device <Sensor_name> has detected
an out-of-range configuration value.
Contact McAfee Technical
Support for assistance.
Error
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
If this fault persists, we
recommend that you perform a
Diagnostic Trace and submit the
trace file to Technical Support for
troubleshooting.
Troubleshooting Guide
109
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Packet log
channel down
Error
This fault clears when the
packetlog channel is back up.
The packet log channel for device
<Sensor_name> is down. Reason:
<Channel is up",
Sensor unable to sync time with NSM
(error 2)",
Sensor unable to generate valid
certificate (error 3)"
Sensor unable to persist Sensor
certificate (error 4)"
Sensor fail connecting to NSM (error
5)",
Sensor in untrusted connection mode
(error 6)",
Sensor install connection failed (error
7)",
Senor unable to persist NSM
certificate (error 8)",
Mutual trust mismatch between
Sensor and NSM (error 9)
Error in SNMPv3 key exchange (error
10)",
Error in initial protocol message
exchange (error 11)"
Sensor install in progress",
Opening packet-log channel in
progress",
Link error. Attempting to reconnect
(error 14)",
Packet-log channel reconnect failed
(error 15)",
Closing packet-log channel in
progress",
Closing packet-log channel failed
(error 17)",
Send alert warning (error 18)",
Keep alive warning (error 19)">
The Manager cannot communicate
with the device via the channel on
which the Manager receives packet
logs.
110
Put peer DoS
profile failure
Error
The Sensor was unable to push a
requested profile to the Manager.
See the ems.log file for details
on why the error is occurring.
The fault will clear when the
Sensor is able to push a valid
DoS profile.
Peer DoS profile
retrieval failure
Error
Peer DoS profile retrieval request
from device <Sensor_name> failed.
No DoS profile for peer
<peer_Sensor_name> is available.
The Manager cannot obtain the
requested profile from the peer
Sensor, nor can it obtain a saved
valid profile. See log for details.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
4
Action
Peer DOS profile retrieval request
from device <Sensor_name> failed
because the profile cannot be pushed
to the device that requested it. See
system log for details.
Check Manager connection to
Network Security Platform.
<Sensor>
Error
discovery failure
<Sensor>, <Sensor_name> failed to
discover configuration information.
The device is not properly initialized.
Typically, the Manager will be
unable to display the Sensor in
this situation, which could
indicate an old software image
on the Sensor. If this fault is
triggered because the Sensor is
temporarily unavailable, the
Manager will clear this fault
when the Sensor is back online.
If the fault persists, check to
ensure that the Sensor has the
latest software image compatible
with the Manager software
image. If the images are
incompatible, update the Sensor
image via a tftp server.
Sensor reports
an out-of-range
configuration
The Manager received a value from
the Sensor that is invalid. The
additional text of the message
contains details.
This fault does not clear
automatically; it must be cleared
manually.
The Manager received a value from
the Sensor that is invalid. The
additional text of the message
contains details.
This fault does not clear
automatically; it must be cleared
manually.
Sensor reports
an out-of-range
configuration
Error
Error
Contact McAfee Technical
Support for assistance.
Contact McAfee Technical
Support for assistance.
Sensor reports
NMS user
privacy key
decrypt failure
Error
NMS user privacy key decryption
failed for user <user_name>.
Please delete NMS user and add
again with valid credential.
Sensor reports
NMS user
authentication
key decrypt
failure
Error
NMS user authentication key
decryption failed for user
<user_name>.
Please delete NMS user and add
again with valid credential.
Sensor
configuration
update failed
Error
The Sensor configuration update
failed to be pushed from the Manager
Server to the Sensor.
Please see ems.log file to isolate
reason for failure.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
111
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Sensor
Error
discovery failure
The Sensor failed to discover its
configuration information, and thus is
not properly initialized. Typically, the
Manager will be unable to display the
Sensor. Could indicate an old Sensor
image on the Sensor.
Action
Check the Manager connection
to Network Security Platform.
Check to ensure that the
Network Security Platform has
the latest software image
compatible with the Manager
software image. If the images
are incompatible, update the
The Manager has reached its
limit (<queue_size_limit>)
for
alerts that can be queued for
storage in the database.
(no_of_alerts alerts dropped)
image via a tftp server.
112
Sensor reports
that the alert
channel is down
Error
This fault indicates that the Sensor is
reporting that the alert channel is
down, but the physical channel is
actually up.
The Sensor will typically recover
on its own. If you are receiving
alerts with packet logs and your
Sensor is otherwise behaving
Channel is up", Sensor unable to sync normally, you can ignore this
message.
time with NSM (error 2)", Sensor
unable to generate valid certificate
Check to see if trust is
(error 3)" Sensor unable to persist
established between the Sensor
Sensor certificate (error 4)" Sensor
and Manager issuing a show
fail connecting to NSM (error 5)",
command in the Sensor CLI.
Sensor in untrusted connection mode
If this fault persists, contact
(error 6)", Sensor install connection
McAfee Technical Support.
failed (error 7)", Sesnor unable to
persist NSM certificate (error 8)",
Mutual trust mismatch between
Sensor and NSM (error 9) Error in
SNMPv3 key exchange (error 10)",
Error in initial protocol message
exchange (error 11)" Sensor install in
progress", Opening packet-log
channel in progress", Link error.
Attempting to reconnect (error 14)",
Packet-log channel reconnect failed
(error 15)", Closing packet-log
channel in progress", Closing
packet-log channel failed (error 17)",
Send alert warning (error 18)", Keep
alive warning (error 19)"
SSL decryption
key invalid
Error
The Manager detects that a particular
SSL decryption key is no longer valid.
The detailed reason why the fault is
occurring is shown in the fault
message. These reasons can range
from the Sensor re-initializing itself
with a different certificate to an
inconsistency between the decryption
key residing on a primary Sensor and
its failover peer Sensor.
Re-import the key (which is
identified within the error
message). The fault will clear
itself when the key is determined
to be valid.
Trust
Establishment
Error – Bad
Shared Secret
Error
Device <Sensor_name> could not be
added to the Manager because the
shared secret it provided does not
match what was defined for it on the
Manager.
Make sure the shared secret
entered on the device CLI
matches the one defined within
the Manager GUI. (Note: The
shared secret is case sensitive.)
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Trust
Error
Establishment
Error –
Unknown Device
Device <Sensor_name> could not be
added to the Manager because it has
not been defined on the Manager.
4
Action
Make sure the device you would
like to add to the Manager has
been defined within the Manager
GUI before trying to add it via
the device CLI. (Note: The
device name is case sensitive.)
Update device configuration
Device
Configuration
update failed
Error
Device configuration update failed to
See the ems.log file to isolate
be pushed from the Manager server to reason for failure.
the Sensor.
Device upload scheduler
Scheduled
botnet detector
deployment
failure
Error
The Manager was unable to perform
Indicates that the Manager was
the scheduled BOT DAT deployment to unable to perform the scheduled
the device <Sensor_name>.
BOT DAT deployment to the
Sensor. This is because of
network connectivity between
the Manager and the Sensor, or
an invalid DAT file. This fault
clears when an update is sent to
the Sensor successfully.
Sensor warning faults
These are the warning faults for a Sensor device.
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
DAT Config is
out of sync
Warning
The DAT Segments Config update to the
device <Sensor_name> failed. The Bot
DAT Config file on the failover pair is out
of sync as a result. (The Manager will
automatically make another attempt to
deploy the BOT DAT Config file).
Ensure that the
Sensor is online
and is in good
health. The
Manager will
make another
attempt to push
the file. The
fault will be
cleared when
the Manager is
successful.
Device
configuration
update is in
progress
Warning
Device configuration update is in
progress.
Device
configuration
update is in
progress.
Device power
up
Warning
The device has completed booting and is
online.
This message is
informational.
Acknowledge or
delete the fault
to clear it.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
113
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Device
performance <CPU
Utilization,
TCP/UDP Flow
Utilization, Port
Throughput
Utilization,
Sensor
Throughput
Utilization, L2
Error Drop,
L3/L4 Error
Drop>
Warning
Network Security Device Performance
Monitoring <CPU Utilization, TCP/UDP
Flow Utilization, Port Throughput
Utilization, Sensor Throughput Utilization,
L2 Error Drop, L3/L4 Error Drop>
triggered since the <% or empty string>
crossed the threshold value with <fallen/
risen/been> for <metric_value> band on
<Sensor_name>.
Device in high
latency mode
Warning
<Sensor_name> has <fallen/risen/been>
to <above/below> <% or empty string>
on <Sensor_name>, which is <above/
below> the configured
<alarm_name_as_configured_by_the_
user> threshold of <threshold_value> <
% or empty string>.
Device high latency mode is currently
<LatencyConflict/
LatencyConflictCleared>. (The device will
attempt to automatically recover from
the high latency condition.)
Device high latency mode and Layer 2
bypass mode are currently
<LatencyConflict/
LatencyConflictCleared>. (the device will
attempt to automatically recover from
the high latency condition.)
114
The device will
attempt to
automatically
recover from
the high latency
condition.
Device latency
monitoring
configuration is
conflicting with
Layer 2
monitoring
configuration
Warning
Device latency monitoring configuration
requires Layer 2 pass-through monitoring
to be enabled. Disable moving Sensor to
Layer 2 bypass mode on high latency or
enable Layer 2 pass-through monitoring.
Device login
failure
Warning
<Console/SSHD> login failure threshold
of 3 attempts is exceeded for user name
<user_name> from remote IP Address
<remote_ip> on remote port
<remote_port>.
Device packet
capturing
terminated
Warning
Packet capturing has been stopped during Restart Packet
device re-initialization. Please explicitly
Capture if
restart packet capturing, as required.
required.
Device DNS
server
connectivity
status
Warning
DNS server is <Up and Reachable/Down
or Unreachable> from the device.
Physical
configuration
change
Warning
The physical configuration for device <
Sensor_name> has changed. A new
physical configuration has been
discovered.
Occurs when
the Sensor
connects to the
Manager with a
different
physical
configuration.
Pluggable
interface is
absent
Warning
Indicates that the Pluggable interface is
absent.
Indicates if the
pluggable
connector is
absent in the
cage.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Disable moving
Sensor to Layer
2 bypass mode
on high latency
or enable Layer
2 pass-through
monitoring.
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Sensor faults
4
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Pluggable
interface
certification
status
Warning
Indicates if pluggable connector is McAfee Indicates if
certified or not.
pluggable
connector is
McAfee certified
or not.
Sensor
Warning
resetting due to
FIPS mode
change
This message is informational.
SNMP trap
received from
load balancer
Warning
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
reported trap type
<oid_of_the_mib_object_reported>.
Message
generated
based on SNMP
trap received
from device.
Uninitialized
device
Warning
Device <Sensor_name> is not properly
initialized.
The Sensor may
have just been
rebooted and is
not up yet. Wait
a few minutes
to see if this is
the issue; if
not, check to
ensure that a
signature set is
present on the
Sensor. A
resetconfig
command may
have been
issued, and the
Sensor not yet
been
reconfigured.
Up
Warning
The Sensor has just completed booting
and is on-line.
This message is
informational.
Acknowledge
the fault.
Load balancer
port mode
change for
<port_pair>
Warning
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
reports operating mode for port
<port_pair> changed to <Fail-open/
Span/Tap/Fail-close>.
Message
generated
based on SNMP
trap received
from load
balancer device.
Load balancer
power up
Warning
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
has completed booting and is online.
This message is
informational.
Acknowledge or
delete the fault
to clear it.
XC Cluster
Load balancer
Warning
port fail-over
mode change
for <port_pair>
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
Message
reports port <port_name> fail-over mode generated
changed.
based on SNMP
trap received
from load
balancer device.
Troubleshooting Guide
115
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity
Load balancer
Warning
system fail-over
mode change
Description/Cause
Action
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
reports fail-over mode change to
<Unknown
Message
generated
based on SNMP
trap received
from load
balancer device.
Hunting for peer
Stand-alone
Primary
Secondary
Peer device software mismatch>
Load balancer
Warning
system fail-over
status change
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
reports fail-over status change to
<Unknown
Hunting for peer
Stand-alone
Message
generated
based on SNMP
trap received
from load
balancer device.
Primary
Secondary
Peer device software mismatch>
Load balancer
system peer
fail-over status
change
Warning
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
reports peer fail-over status change to
<Unknown
Hunting for peer
Stand-alone
Message
generated
based on SNMP
trap received
from load
balancer device.
Primary
Secondary
Peer device software mismatch>
Load balancer
Warning
port load
balancing mode
change for
<port_name>
Load balancer <load_balancer_name>
reports port <port_name> load balancing
mode changed to <Good/Bad/Active/
Inactive/Loopback/Rebalance/Spare/
Standby/Standby Failure/Spare Active/
Spare Inactive/Spare Failure>
Message
generated
based on SNMP
trap received
from load
balancer device.
The jumbo frame parsing setting on this
device has been updated and a reboot is
required for the change to take effect.
Please reboot
the device to
effect the
change.
Device IP settings
Device reboot
required
Warning
Vulnerability Manager configuration
Offline device
download in
progress
Warning
Offline device download has been
initiated from the device command line
interface.
Please wait for
offline Sensor
download to
complete.
Successful
offline device
download
Warning
Offline device download has completed
with status <successful/failed>.
Download type=<sigfile/software/
software sigfile combo>,
Time=<timestamp>,
Filename=<downloaded_file_name>
Please see log
messages if
download has
failed, status
code=<
Successful/
Failed>.
Licensing
116
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
System fault messages
Sensor faults
4
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Pending device
license
expiration
Warning
Device license expires in less than <x>
days.
Pending device
support license
expiration
Warning
Device support license expires in less
than <x> days.
Please contact
Technical
Support or your
local reseller.
Pending device
add-on license
expiration
Warning
Device license expires in less than <x>
days.
Pending device
support add-on
license
expiration
Warning
Device license expired in less than <x>
days.
Pending license
expiration for
device of type
<device_type>
Warning
License for this device expires in <x>
days.
Please contact
technical
support or your
local reseller to
renew the
License.
Warning
Cannot disable failover on device
<Sensor_name>. The device is offline.
(The Manager will make another attempt
when the device comes back online.)
Make sure that
the Sensor is
on-line. The
Manager will
make another
attempt to
disable failover
when it detects
that the Sensor
is up. The fault
will clear when
the Manager is
successful.
Botnet
Warning
detectors out of
sync
The deployment of botnet detectors to
the device <Sensor_name> failed. The
botnet detectors on the failover pair
<Sensor_name1> are out of sync as a
result. (The Manager will automatically
make another attempt to deploy them.)
Make sure that
the device is
online and is in
good health.
The Manager
will
automatically
make another
attempt to
deploy the
botnet
detectors. The
fault will be
cleared once
the deployment
is complete.
Firewall
connection
status
inconsistent on
failover Sensor
pair
The firewall connection status on the
failover pair <Sensor_peer_name> is
inconsistent. This may cause the firewall
function to be inconsistent for the pair.
Ensure that
both Sensors of
the failover pair
are connected
to the firewall
and that both
Sensors are
online and in
good health.
Device failover
Attempt to
disable failover
failed
Warning
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
117
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity
Signature
Warning
segments out of
sync
Description/Cause
Action
An attempt to update the signature set
on both Sensors of a failover pair was
unsuccessful for one of the pair, causing
the signature sets to be out of sync on
the two Sensors.
The Manager
will make
another attempt
to automatically
push the
signature file
down to the
Sensor on
which the
update
operation failed.
Ensure that the
Sensor in
question is
on-line and in
good health.
The fault will
clear when the
Manager is
successful.
If the operation
fails a second
time, a Critical
Signature set
download
failure fault will
be shown as
well.
Both faults will
clear when the
signature set is
successfully
pushed to the
Sensor.
Signature deployment
to device
<Sensor_name>
failed. The signature
segments on failover
pair
<Sensor_peer_name>
are out of sync. (The
Manager will
automatically make
another attempt to
deploy the signature.)
SSL decryption Warning
keys out of sync
118
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Ensure that the Sensor is online and in
good health. The Manager will make
another attempt to push the file down.
The fault will clear when the Manager is
successful.
SSL decryption keys update to device
<Sensor_name> failed, and the SSL
decryption keys on failover pair
<Sensor_peer_name> are out of sync as
a result. (The Manager will automatically
make another attempt to deploy the new
keys.)
Ensure that the
Sensor is online
and in good
health. The
Manager will
make another
attempt to push
the file down.
The fault will
clear when the
Manager is
successful.
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Temperature
Status
Warning
Inlet Temperature value increased above
44.
Check the Fan
LEDs in front of
the chassis to
ensure all
internal chassis
fans are
functioning.
This fault will
clear when the
temperature
returns to its
normal range.
Signature set
Deprecated
applications
detected in
firewall policies
Warning
The Manager has detected the following
use of deprecated applications in firewall
policies: <Deprecated Application
<app_name> used in Policy
<policy_name>/Rule#<ruleOrderNum>
Deprecated Application <app_name>
used in Rule Element(of type Application
Group) <rule_name>@<policy_name>/
Rule# <ruleOrderNum>>
These
applications
must be
removed from
the firewall
policies.
Sensor informational faults
These are the informational faults for a sensor device.
Fault
Severity
Automatic BOT DAT set
deployment in progress
Informational A new BOT DAT set has recently
This message is for
been downloaded from the GTI
user information. No
Server to the Manager and is being action required.
deployed to the devices.
BOT DAT deployment in
progress
Informational A new BOT DAT file has recently
This message is for
been downloaded from the GTI
user information. No
Server to the Manager and is being action required.
deployed to the devices.
Cluster software
initialization status
Informational Device software has been
initialized.
On initialization failure,
check if cluster
cross-connects are
present as
documented.
Device software or
signature set import in
progress
Informational A device software image or
signature set file is being imported
into the Manager.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Device software or
signature set download
in progress
Informational A device software image or
signature set file is being
downloaded from the McAfee
Update Server to the Manager.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Port pair <port name>
is back to In-line
Fail-Open Mode
Informational Indicates that the ports have gone
from Bypass Mode back to normal.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
Resource mismatch
Informational A configured memory or CPU is
lesser than the optimal number
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Description/Cause
Action
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4
System fault messages
Sensor faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Sensor configuration
update in progress
Informational A Sensor configuration update is in This message is for
the process of being pushed from
user information. No
the Manager server to the Sensor. action required.
Sensor configuration
update successful
Informational Sensor configuration update
successfully pushed from the
Manager server to the Sensor.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Sensor discovery is in
progress
Informational The Manager is attempting to
discover the Sensor.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Sensor resetting due to
FIPS mode change
Informational An upgrade or downgrade between This message is
FIPS and non-FIPS software
informational.
images has been detected. This
resets the sensor configuration and
restores the default login
password.
Sensor software image
download failed
Informational Sensor software image failed to
download from the McAfee Update
Server to the Manager server.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Sensor swappable port
module status for group
<G0/G1/G2/G3>
Informational Sensor reports port module
<removed/added> for group
<G0/G1/G2/G3>.
This message
generated based on
user removing or
inserting port module
into sensor slot.
Sensor reports port module is
removed from slot for group
<G0/G1/G2/G3>.
Action
Sensor reports <NULL/QSFP/SFP>
port module inserted into slot for
group <G0/G1/G2/G3>.
Successful automatic
botnet detectors
deployment
Informational A new botnet detector set has
This message is for
recently been downloaded from the user information, no
GTI Server to the Manager and is
action required.
being deployed to the devices.
User login via console
Informational Sensor reports user login via
after sensor initialization
console after sensor initialization.
This is a FIPS 140-2 Level 3
violation.
This message is
informational.
Licensing
Device discovered with
license
Informational Device <Sensor_name> was
discovered with a license that will
expire on <date>.
License detected for
Informational License valid until <date>.
<Sensor_name> of type
Renew the license
before expire.
Renew the license
before it expires.
Device discovery
The <NTBA Appliance/
Sensor>,
<device_name> The
<NTBA Appliance/
Sensor>,
<device_name>
discovery in progress
Informational The Manager is in the process of
discovering the device.
Wait for the discovery
of the device to
complete.
Informational Device software image is in the
process of downloading from the
McAfee Update Server to the
Manager server.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Download software
Device software image
download in progress
120
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4
System fault messages
NTBA faults
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Device software image
download successful
Informational Device software image successfully This message is for
downloaded from the McAfee
user information. No
Update Server to the Manager
action required.
server.
Update device software
Device software update
is in progress
Informational A Sensor software update is in the
process of being pushed from the
Manager Server to the Sensor.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Device software update
successful
Informational Device software update
successfully pushed from the
Manager server to sensor.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Update device configuration
Device configuration
deployment successful
Informational The Manager successfully deployed This message is
the latest configuration to device
informational.
<Sensor_name>. This includes
new IPS signature sets, botnet
detectors, and SSL keys, as
applicable.
Signature set
Device software, IPS
signature set, or botnet
detectors import in
progress
Informational A device software, IPS signature
set, or botnet detectors file is
being imported into the Manager.
This message is
informational.
Device software, IPS
signature set, or botnet
detectors download in
progress
Informational A device software, IPS signature
This message is
set, or botnet detectors file is
informational.
being downloaded from the McAfee
Update Server to the Manager.
NTBA faults
The NTBA faults can be classified into critical, error, warning, and informational. The Action column
provides you with troubleshooting tips.
NTBA critical faults
These are the critical faults for a NTBA device.
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
BOT DAT file
download failure
Critical
The Manager cannot push the
BOT DAT file to device
<Sensor_name>
Occurs when the Manager cannot push
the BOT DAT file to the Sensor. Could
result from the network connectivity
issue.
Endpoint
Intelligence
Service is down
Critical
Endpoint Intelligence Service
has not started as the ePO
server is not reachable.
Please make sure that the ePO server
is up and running and is reachable to
NTBA.
Endpoint Intelligence Service
has not started as the ePO
extension does not support
auto-signing service.
Make sure that the ePO server supports
ePO Auto Signing functionality(Change
on Name confirmation).
Endpoint Intelligence Service
has not started because of
authentication error
connecting to the ePO server.
Please provide valid ePO Server
credentials.
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System fault messages
NTBA faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Endpoint Intelligence Service
has not started because of
due to internal error from the
ePO server.
ePO server responded error, please
look at the ePO logs.
Endpoint Intelligence Service
has not started because of
unexpected errors.
Please look at the ePO server and NTBA
logs for the error. Please try again.
Endpoint Intelligence Service
Certificate invalid, please retry saving
has not started due to corrupt again.
certificate.
Endpoint Intelligence Service
This port is already in use; please
has not started because of the configure an unused port.
configured port for Endpoint
Intelligence Service is already
in use.
122
Link failure of
<Appliance
name>
Critical
The link between this port and
the device to which it is
connected is down, and
communication is unavailable.
This is a connectivity issue. Contact
your IT department to troubleshoot
network connectivity. This fault clears
when communication is re-established.
NTBA Public
keydownload
failure
Critical
Cannot push NTBA Public
keyfile to device
<Sensor_name>
Occurs when the Manager cannot push
the NTBA Public key file to the Sensor.
Could result from the network
connectivity issue.
NTBA Appliance
unreachable
Critical
A command channel ping
failed to NTBA Appliance
<Appliance name> failed. The
device is unreachable through
its command channel.
Indicates that the NTBA cannot
communicate with the Manager: the
connection between the NTBA and the
Manager is down, or the NTBA has
been administratively disconnected.
Troubleshoot connectivity issues: 1)
check that a connection route exists
between the Manager and the NTBA; 2)
check the NTBA’s status using the
status command in the NTBA command
line interface, or ping the NTBA or the
NTBA gateway to ensure connectivity
to the NTBA. This fault clears when the
Manager detects the NTBA again.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
NTBA faults
NTBA error faults
These are the error faults for a NTBA device.
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
Device Configuration
update failed
Error
Device configuration update failed to be See the ems.log file to
pushed from the Manager server to the isolate reason for
Sensor.
failure.
Scheduled BOT DAT
file deployment failed
Error
The Manager was unable to perform the Indicates that the
scheduled Bot DAT deployment to the
Manager was unable to
device <Sensor_name>.
perform the scheduled
Bot DAT deployment to
the Sensor. This is
because of network
connectivity between
the Manger and the
Sensor, or an invalid
DAT file. This fault clears
when an update is sent
to the Sensor
successfully.
Error
<GAME Error>
Please re-check the
NTBA GAME
configuration.
Error
Sigfile parsing failed.";
Please retry the NTBA
configuration update.
GAME configuration
NTBA <GAME Error>
System related
NTBA Configuration
Update Error
Sigfile parsing failed in zone segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in communication
rules segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in service
segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in anomaly
segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in reconnaissance
segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in FFT segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in NBA segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in worm
segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in policy
segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in pre-processing
segment.";
Sigfile parsing failed in application
profile segment.";
Sigfile parsing error.";
NTBA Sigset Mismatch
Error
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Error
There has been a mismatch between
the NTBA version <tba_sw_version>
and the sigset version
<sigset_version>. NSM will now try to
automatically push the appropriate
matching sigset.
Please check for the
status of the follow-up
NTBA configuration
update.
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4
System fault messages
NTBA faults
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
NTBA Zone
Configuration Event
Error
Invalid interface or zone configuration.
All the zones configured are <Outside/
Inside>. <Netflow processing will not
work till this configuration is fixed. GTI
reputation is not retrieved for internal
hosts>.
Please verify the zone
configuration in NTBA.
<Storage Server Error
Please re-check the
Storage Service
Configuration.
Storage server
NTBA <Storage Server Error
Error
Storage Server Not
Reachable
Storage Server Not Reachable
Storage Server Permission Denied
Storage Server
Permission Denied
Storage Server Limit Reached 50%
Storage Server Limit
Reached 50%
Backup Storage File Corrupted
Storage Server Limit Reached 75%
Storage Server Limit Exhausted>
Storage Server Limit
Reached 75%
Backup Storage File
Corrupted
Storage Server Limit
Exhausted>
TrustedSource
NTBA <TrustedSource
Error>
Error
<TrustedSource Error>
Please re-check the
TrustedSource
configuration.
NTBA warning faults
These are the warning faults for a NTBA device.
124
Fault
Severity Description/Cause
Action
DAT Config is
out of sync
Warning
The DAT Segments Config update to
the device <Sensor_name> failed. The
Bot DAT Config file on the failover pair
is out of sync as a result. (The Manager
will automatically make another
attempt to deploy the BOT DAT Config
file).
Ensure that the Sensor is
online and is in good health.
The Manager will make another
attempt to push the file. The
fault will be cleared when the
Manager is successful.
This Release of
NSM supports
only one
instance of
NTBA vm.
Warning
The NTBA <NTBA_Appliance_name> is
not discovered because of exceeding
the max of supported instances of
NTBA virtual machines.
Please delete the device from
ism GUI
Uninitialized
device
Warning
Device <Sensor_name> is not properly The Sensor may have just been
initialized.
rebooted and is not up yet.
Wait a few minutes to see if
this is the issue; if not, check
to ensure that a signature set
is present on the Sensor. A
resetconfig command may
have been issued, and the
Sensor not yet been
reconfigured.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
4
System fault messages
NTBA faults
NTBA informational faults
These are the informational faults for a NTBA device.
Fault
Severity
Description/Cause
Action
Automatic BOT DAT set Informational A new BOT DAT set has recently been
deployment in
downloaded from the GTI Server to
progress
the Manager and is being deployed to
the devices.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
BOT DAT deployment
in progress
Informational A new BOT DAT file has recently been
downloaded from the GTI Server to
the Manager and is being deployed to
the devices.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
Interface change
Informational During startup , the NTBA identifies
changes(addition or removal) in the
interface count.
This message is for
user information. No
action required.
NTBA database
pruning
Informational Current database usage:
<percentage_value>%
NTBA Database
Pruning threshold
notification.
Successful automatic
BOT DAT set
deployment
Informational A new BOT DAT set has recently been
downloaded from the GTI Server to
the Manager and is being deployed to
the devices.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
Successful scheduled
BOT DAT set
deployment
Informational A new BOT DAT file has recently been
downloaded from the GTI Server to
the Manager and is being deployed to
the devices.
This message is for
user information, no
action required.
The <NTBA Appliance/
Sensor>,
<device_name> The
<NTBA Appliance/
Sensor>,
<device_name>
discovery in progress
Informational The Manager is in the process of
discovering the device.
Wait for the
discovery of the
device to complete.
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System fault messages
NTBA faults
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5
Error messages
This section lists the error messages displayed in McAfee Network Security Manager (Manager).
Contents
Error messages for RADIUS servers
Error messages for LDAP server
Error messages for RADIUS servers
The table lists the error messages displayed in the Manager.
Error Name
Description/Cause
Action
RADIUS Connection Successful
RADIUS server is up and
running
RADIUS server is up and
running
RADIUS Connection Failed
Network failure, congestion at
servers or RADIUS server not
available
Try after sometime, check IP
address and Shared Secret key
No RADIUS server configured
No server available
Configure at least one RADIUS
server
Server with IP address and port
already exists for RADIUS server
IP address and port connection
not unique
Use a different IP address and
port number
RADIUS server host IP address/
host name is required
Field cannot be blank
Enter a valid host name /IP
address
Shared Secret key is unique in
case of RADIUS server
Field cannot be blank
Enter a valid host name /IP
address
RADIUS server host IP address/
host name cannot be resolved as
entered
Invalid host name /IP address
Enter a valid host name /IP
address
The table lists the error messages displayed in the User Activity Audit report.
Error Name
Description/Cause
Error Type
RADIUS Authentication User <user name> with login Id <login Id> failed to
authenticate to RADIUS server <RADIUS server host name /IP
address> on port <port number> due to server timeout/
network failure
User
Add Radius Server
Manager
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Added RADIUS server IP Address/Host <IP address or host
name>, port <port number> enable <Yes/No>
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5
Error messages
Error messages for LDAP server
Error Name
Description/Cause
Error Type
Edit RADIUS server
IP Address/Host <IP address or host name> set port <port
number>,set Enabled <Yes/No>
Manager
Delete RADIUS server
Deleted RADIUS Server IP Address/Host <IP address or host
name>, port <port number>
Manager
Error messages for LDAP server
The table lists the error messages displayed in the Manager.
Error Name
Description/Cause
Action
Server with IP address and port
already exists for LDAP server
IP address and port connection
not unique
Use a different IP address and
port number
LDAP server host IP address/host Field cannot be blank
name is required
Enter a valid host name /IP
address
LDAP server host IP address/host Invalid host name /IP address
name cannot be resolved as
entered
Enter a valid host name /IP
address
LDAP Connection Successful
LDAP server is up and running
LDAP server is up and running
LDAP Connection Failed
Network failure, congestion at
servers or LDAP server not
available
Try after sometime, check IP
address
No LDAP server configured
No server available
Configure at least one LDAP
server
The table lists the error messages displayed in the User Activity Audit report.
Error Name
128
Description/Cause
Error Type
LDAP Authentication User <user name> with login Id <login Id> failed to authenticate
to LDAP server <LDAP server host name /IP address> on port
<port number> due to server timeout/ network failure.
User
Add LDAP server
Added LDAP server IP Address/Host <IP address or host name>,
port <port number>, enable <Yes/No>
Manager
Edit LDAP server
IP Address/Host <IP address or host name> set port <port
number>,set Enabled <Yes/No>
Manager
Delete LDAP server
Deleted LDAP Server IP Address/Host <IP address or host name",
port<port number>
Manager
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
6
Troubleshooting scenarios
Contents
Network outage due to unresolved ARP traffic
Delay in alerts between the Sensor and Manager
Sensor-Manager Connectivity Issues
Wrong country name in IPS alerts
Wrong country name in ACL alerts
Network outage due to unresolved ARP traffic
Scenario
Sudden outage in the network due to unresolved ARP traffic.
Applicable to Sensor models: M-series, NS-series
Sensor software version: 7.1, 7.5, 8.1
Problem type to be solved
Resolve the ARP traffic which is dropped by the Sensor due to heuristic web application server
protection configuration setting.
Data/Information Collection
1
Check if the attack ARP MAC Address Flip-Flop is disabled from the policy.
Go to Policies | IPS Policies | Customized Active Policy. Click Edit.
Check the policy on the entire device interfaces and make sure ARP flip flop alert is either disabled
or not included in the policy on the entire device interfaces.
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Troubleshooting scenarios
Delay in alerts between the Sensor and Manager
2
Check if the Heuristic Web Application Server Protection is enabled.
Go to Devices | Devices | <Device Interface> | Protection Profile.
Check each interface of the device individually.
3
Check if ARP spoofing is enabled on the Sensor. Use the command show arp spoof status.
Explanation
When heuristic web application server protection is enabled, the Manager caching is disabled and only
selected attacks are pushed to the Sensor. If the MAC Flip-Flop attack is not part of the attacks chosen
by the user, the Sensor drops the ARP packets. This happens in scenarios such as:
•
Assignment of dynamic MAC address in the network (vmac)
•
For the firewall in failover mode which uses the Virtual MAC address, the IP address remains the
same but the MAC address will change
Troubleshooting Steps
1
Disable ARP spoofing on the Sensor. Use the command arp spoof to disable ARP spoofing.
2
Disable Heuristic Web Application Server Protection on the device’s individual interfaces.
If the problem still persists, contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
Delay in alerts between the Sensor and Manager
Scenario
Delay in receiving the Sensor alerts on the Manager.
Applicable to Sensor models: M-series, NS-series
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6
Troubleshooting scenarios
Delay in alerts between the Sensor and Manager
Sensor software versions: 7.1, 7.5, 8.0, 8.1
Problem type to be solved
•
Delay in the Sensor alerts being sent to the Manager
•
Sensor alerts are not seen in real time on the Manager
•
Time lag in sending the Sensor alerts to the Manager
Data/Information Collection
1
Execute the following commands on the Sensor :
•
status (execute 5 times in 10 seconds duration)
•
show sensor-load (execute 5 times in 10 seconds duration)
•
getccstats (execute 5 times in 10 seconds duration)
Also execute the same commands on a similar model Sensor, which does not have the issue.
2
Collect graphs for Sensor throughput utilization and port utilization.
3
Collect the attack csv file for this Sensor from the Threat Analyzer.
4
Collect the alert archival for the last 24 hour time duration.
5
Retrieve the configuration backup of the Manager.
6
Create/collect the network diagram that clearly indicates where the Sensor and the Manager are
located.
Troubleshooting steps
1
Check if there are any network connectivity issues or any delay in the network. If there is a delay
in the network between the Sensor and the Manager, it can lead to low alert rates.
2
Verify that the entire link between the Sensor management port and the Manager is 1G auto, and
they are using the correct CAT6 cables.
3
Check if the other Sensors connected to the same the Manager are also facing this issue. If yes
then it is a Manager issue.
4
Check the Sensor policy being used. If the All Inclusive with Audit or All Inclusive without Audit is used, the
Sensor processes more alerts and hence alert generation rate increases. Switching to Default Inline
policy can help resolve the delay issue sometimes.
5
Check if there are any saved alerts/packetlogs on the Sensor.
Command: show savedalertinfo
6
Check if there is any specific category of alerts, which is delayed or all the alerts are delayed. Also
check if the system events that are being raised, are also delayed.
7
Check if the alerts are seen in the Historical Threat Analyzer. The Real Time Threat Analyzer reflects the alerts
from cache but the Historical Threat Analyzer shows from the database. This check will confirm if the
issue is on the database or cache. Check the database size and if it is very high, purge and tune
the database.
8
Check the time on the Sensor and if it matches with the Manager system time. If there is any issue
with the time stamp, the Manager may show the wrong timestamp in the Threat Analyzer, which
can incorrectly appear as alerts being delayed.
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Troubleshooting scenarios
Delay in alerts between the Sensor and Manager
9
Check the rate of alert generated/detected by the Sensor using the following command:
getccstats:
•
To check the status of control/alert channel (to the Manager)
•
To check the alert suppression/throttling configuration status and suppression intervals
•
To check the sensor failover action (1 = Enabled, 2 = Disabled) and failover status (1 = Active,
2 = Standby, 3 = Init/Not Applicable), failover peer status (1 = Up, 2 = Down, 3 =
Incompatible, 4 = Compatible, 5 = Init/Not Applicable), fail-open status (1 = Enabled, 2 =
Disabled)
•
To check the count of detected alerts (signature-based, scan/recon, DoS) sent to management
port and peer Manager (in case of MDR)
•
To check the count of throttled alerts
•
To check the count of alerts sent to and received from Correlation Engine, alert correlation
counts
•
To check the count of alerts in ring buffer, queued to be sent to the Manager
•
To check ACL alerts’ throttling configuration status (throttling interval and threshold)
•
To check the count of throttled ACL alerts (both IPS and NAC)
•
To check the Sensor reboot count and/or alert wrap count
The following statistics indicate many alerts still pending in ring buffer:
AlertsInRngBufPriCount = 83621
AlertsInRngBufSecCount = 83606
PutAlertInRngBufErrCount = 6499317
The alert rate could be really high that the Manager may not be able to handle. It then introduces a
delay that is similar to backoff (with the delay reaching a max of 30 seconds per alert) and this
causes the alerts to be queued up in Ring Buffer. Once this condition is reached, the alerts delay
will increase with time. To recover, check the type of attacks and then try to create an exception
rule to filter the attack, and see if the Manager recovers.
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Troubleshooting scenarios
Delay in alerts between the Sensor and Manager
10 Take the packet captures at the Sensor and the Manager side to identify whether the issue is at the
Sensor/Manager side or network side.
On the Manager, use Wireshark or equivalent to take packet captures on the Manager port 8502.
Sample packet capture on the Sensor:
Sample packet capture on the Manager:
Using packet captures from the Sensor and the Manager, which are taken simultaneously, you can
identify if there is a delay in the Sensor sending the alert to the Manager or there is a delay in the
Manager sending the alert acknowledgment to the Sensor or is it both (pointing to a network
issue).
11 Check if Layer 7 Data Collection is enabled on the Sensor. There is a known issue when Layer 7
Data Collection is enabled, where the alerts in the Real-Time Threat Analyzer are no longer received in
real time.
IntruDbg#> show l7dcap-usage
Layer-7 Dcap Buffers Allocated at Init 16000
Layer-7 Dcap Buffers Available now 16000
Layer-7 Dcap Buffers Alloc Errors 0
Layer-7 Dcap Alert Buffers Allocated 40960
Layer-7 Dcap Alert Buffers Available 40960
Layer-7 Dcap Alert Buffers Allocate Error 0
Layer-7 Dcap Regular Alert's Sent 0
Layer-7 Dcap Special Alert's sent 0
Layer-7 Dcap Context End Alert's Sent 0
Layer-7 Dcap CB InActive when DCAP Called 0
Layer-7 Dcap Ring Buffer Errors 0
Alert Ring Buffer Full Cnt 0
Num Alerts Dropped at Sensors 0
Layer-7 Dcap Fifo Check Seen 0
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Troubleshooting scenarios
Sensor-Manager Connectivity Issues
12 On the Manager database, use SQL queries output to check the frequency of alerts going to the
Manager. This can be done by logging into MySQL on the Manager server and executing the
following command:
a
Get Sensor ID from database:
select sensor_id, name from iv_sensor;
b
Input the time range for which the alert generation rate needs to be checked:
SELECT "2014-05-29 18:39:47", "2014-05-30 18:39:47" INTO @stdate, @enddate;
c
Total Attacks for Sensor ID and the time range:
SELECT sensorid,COUNT(*) atcount FROM iv_alert WHERE creationtime BETWEEN @stdate
AND @enddate GROUP BY sensorid ORDER BY atcount;
d
Total packetlog for Sensor ID and time range:
SELECT sensorid,COUNT(*) pktcount FROM iv_packetlog WHERE (creationtime BETWEEN
@stdate AND @enddate) AND sensorid=<id of problematic sensor> GROUP BY sensorid
ORDER BY pktcount;
If the problem still persists, contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
Sensor-Manager Connectivity Issues
Scenario
Connectivity issues between the Sensor and Manager.
Applicable to Sensor models: M-series, NS-series
Sensor software versions: 7.1, 7.5, 8.1
Problems type to be solved
Sensor is not detected on the Manager.
Trust establishment does not happen between the Sensor and Manager.
Data/Information Collection
1
134
Execute the following commands on the Sensor:
•
status
•
show
•
show sbcfg
•
show mgmtcfg
•
show doscfg
•
show mgmtport
•
getccstats
•
show netstat
•
checkmanagerconnectivity (applicable only to Sensor software 8.1 and above)
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Sensor-Manager Connectivity Issues
2
Collect the Manager infocollector logs. If possible, enable detailed debugging messages by
modifying <Manager_INSTALL_DIR>/config/log4j_ism.xmlfile, by adding/changing the following
lines:
<category name="iv.core.DiscoveryService"> <priority value="DEBUG"/></category>
<category name="iv.core.SensorConfiguration"> <priority value="DEBUG"/></category>
3
Collect the Sensor trace files.
4
Collect packet capture at the Manager (for the problematic Sensor).
5
Network diagram clearly mentioning where the Sensor and Manager are located.
Troubleshooting Steps
1
Check if there is any network connectivity issue such as conflicting IP address of the Sensor. This
can result in alert/pktlog channel flaps.
2
Verify that the Management Interface speed and duplex settings are configured correctly on the
Manager and Sensor and that they are hard-coded. If this fails, change one link to auto and change
the other side's duplex and speed settings until communications are established or combinations
are exhausted.
3
Ping from the Sensor to Manager and Manager to Sensor, and make sure the ping goes fine.
4
Check if the other Sensors connected to the same Manager are also facing this issue.
If yes, then it is a Manager issue.
5
Check the IP address of the system on which the Manager is installed. Make sure the correct IP
address is provided in the Sensor command set manager ip.
6
Try a deinstall and establish the trust again with the Manager.
7
Check if the Manager machine has multiple NIC cards. If yes then open below file:
<Manager_INSTALL_DIR>/bin/tms.bat
Modify the following line to assign the relevant IP address that is also used in the Sensor
configuration: set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dlumos.fixedManagerSNMPIPaddress=""restart
Manager
8
Check the Sensor name, which is given on the Manager while adding the Sensor using the Add New
Device wizard. Sensor name is case sensitive so make sure it exactly matches the one given on the
Manager.
9
Check that the device type is selected as IPS or NAC sensor while adding the Sensor using Add New
Device. Selecting incorrect device type can also lead to connectivity issues.
10 Make sure that firewall is not blocking traffic between the Manager and Sensor for the following
ports :
Manager:4167 -> Sensor:8500 (UDP)
Sensor:Any -> Manager:8501-8504,8510 (TCP) for 1024-bit trusts
Sensor:Any -> Manager:8504,8506-8509 (TCP) for 2048-bit trusts
11 If using the malware policy, check if the file save option is enabled. Make sure firewall is not
blocking ports 8509 and 8510, which are used for saving malware files.
12 Check that UDP port 8500 is open and allows the Manager to Sensor SNMP communication.
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13 Use the netstat -na command to verify that ports 8501 - 8505 are listening on the Manager. Click
Start | Run type cmd, press ENTER, then type netstat -na.
14 Make sure large UDP and/or fragmented UDP packets are not dropped between the Sensor and
Manager communication. This can lead to SNMP timeout. Look for the following logs in ems.log:
Ems log
******
014-06-27 15:47:29,150 INFO [Thread-135] iv.core.SensorConfiguration - M1450
Experience a SNMP error during set/get, Change the STATUS to DISCCONECTED
2014-06-27 15:47:29,163 ERROR [Thread-135] iv.core.SensorConfiguration - Fail to
process SNMP return node:
com.intruvert.ext.sensorconfig.leap.SensorConfigException: Time Out
15 Capture UDP traffic using Wireshark on the Manager. Check if the Manager is receiving UDP
response packets from the Sensor.
Sample capture on the Manager:
16 Check the time on the Sensor, and if it matches with the Manager system time.
17 Check if there are any Out Of Memory related logs in the Manager. This can lead to connectivity issues
between the Sensor and Manager.
18 Check if the Manager is an MDR pair. If yes, then verify that the IP of primary Manager in the
sensor matches the IP of the active Manager. Also check if the Sensor is treating the standby
Manager as the primary Manager or not. This may lead to connectivity issues.
If the problem still persists, contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
Wrong country name in IPS alerts
Scenario
To find the root cause of cases for IPS alerts in the Threat Analyzer that shows wrong country name
for source or destination IP addresses.
Applicable to Sensor models: M-series, NS-series
Sensor software versions: 7.1, 7.5, 8.1 and 8.2
Problems type to be solved
Threat analyzer displays wrong country name for source or destination IP address for an IPS alert.
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Wrong country name in IPS alerts
Troubleshooting Steps
1
Check for IP address in maxmind.com to find the geographic location for a particular IP address.
If the IP address does not match the geographic location, then it is an issue with the Manager or
the geographic database in the cloud.
2
Login to the Sensor with “admin” ID, and then in the Sensor CLI, type the debug command and
then enter the following command:
set loglevel mgmt (all | <0-12>) <0-15>
To disable logging, execute set loglevel mgmt 0 0.
ug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG2 ctrlch|postAlertDataToSyslogViewer: syslog msg
len 174, data <36>Aug 28 06:36:16 GMT mil-ips-01 AlertLog: mil-ips-01 detected
Outbound attack HTTP: IIS3 ASP dot2e (severity = Medium). 1.2.0.2:43058 ->
1.2.0.4:80 (result = Inconclusive)
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|alertTransmittedCountUpdate: IN
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|alertTransmittedCountUpdate: msgId is
(335)
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|alertTransmittedCountUpdate: EXIT
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|CCout(0) processCtrlChanAlerts Id:335
(baseId:83886415)
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| -out-BEGIN Mobile SIGNATURE(335),
size(565)
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Attack Id = 4202651
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Syslog Attack Id = 1438464
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Time Stamp = 1409207775
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Alert Count = 1
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| VIDS Id = 2030
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Syslog VIDS Id = 4
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| VLAN Id = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Alert Duration = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Log ID = 6052501239499929418
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Slot Id = 2
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Port Id = 25
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Protocol Id = 16
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Qualifier 1 = 1
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Qualifier 2 = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Src IP = 0x1020002
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Dstn IP = 0x1020004
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Request LastByte Offset = ffffffff
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Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Response LastByte Offset = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Attack Pkt Search Num = 1
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| SrcPort = 43058
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| DstnPort = 80
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Protocol = 6
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Signature Id = 226
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| PP State = 14
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Prev Stream Flag = 1
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Frag Flag = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Corr Flag = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| Inside = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| SuppressedSigId Bits = 1
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| inline Drop = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| ReCfg Firewall = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| flags = 40
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| mpeFlags = 8
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| appId = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| normalize reputation = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| normalize geoLocation = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| xff ip direction= 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| mobileFlags = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Src deviceInfo = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Src confLevel = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Src osInfo = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Src detectSrcType = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Dst deviceInfo = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Dst confLevel = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Dst osInfo = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|devProf Dst detectSrcType = 0
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch| -------------------Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|64-bit Uid = a a0 50 8 be 8a d3 57.
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|id: 335, msgType: 1
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Wrong country name in ACL alerts
Aug 28 06:36:16 localhost tL: DBG0 ctrlch|processSigAlertMsg - reCfgFw mask = 0x0
Here geographic ID of 0 means that the Sensor does not send any geographic information for the
corresponding source or destination IP addresses.
3
Execute step 2 and wait for the IPS alert to be raised again.
This time the Sensor prints the country code sent from Sensor for the corresponding IPS alert.
If the Sensor sends the geographic location ID as 0, then it’s an issue with the geographic database
cloud when the Manager sends a geographic based query to find the geographic location matching
an IP address. Typically for an IPS alert, the Sensor does not send any geographic location ID
value.
If the problem still persists, contact McAfee Support for further assistance.
When a wrong country name is displayed for the source or destination IP address for an IPS alert,
then it is an issue with the Manager.
Wrong country name in ACL alerts
Scenario
Wrong country name appears in ACL alerts/ACL logs.
Applicable to Sensor models: M-series
Sensor software version: 7.1, 7.5, 8.1, 8.2
Problem type to be solved
Wrong country name is displayed in the ACL alerts/ACL logs when forwarded to third party software
either from the Sensor or from the Manager.
Data/Information Collection
Execute show acl stats in the Sensor CLI.
Troubleshooting Steps
Execute the show acl stats command in the Sensor CLI to fetch the following data from the
management process:
•
Number of ACL alerts sent by the datapath processor to the management processor
•
Number of ACL alerts sent from the management processor to the Manager or third party software
tool.
If there is difference between the received and sent/sent directly count by a large value but within
10,000, then the buffer to keep the ACL alerts at management processor is full. This might potentially
be the cause for the issue.
[email protected]> show acl stats
[Acl Alerts]
Received : 0
Suppressed : 0
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Sent : 0
Sent Direct : 0
Stateless ACL Fwd count : 0
The buffer kept for receiving the ACL alerts from datapath processor is full, and is not flushed in an
event like ACL alert suppression disabled/enabled. In this type of scenario, if the ACL alert buffer is
not flushed, then the country name for the old ACL alert is mixed with the new ACL alert, which
results in the wrong country name in the ACL logs.
If the country name is displayed wrong in the ACL alert, for either source IP address or destination IP
address, then there is an issue with the Sensor. If you are not able to solve the problem even after
repeating the steps explained in troubleshooting, or the problem is not understood, contact McAfee
Support for further assistance.
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Using the InfoCollector tool
This section describes the following aspects of using the Infocollector tool.
Contents
Introduction
How to run the InfoCollector tool
Using InfoCollector tool
Using the Log Analyzer tool
Introduction
InfoCollector is an information collection tool, bundled with Manager that allows you to easily provide
McAfee with McAfee® Network Security Platform-related log information. McAfee can use this
information to investigate and diagnose issues you may be experiencing with the Manager.
InfoCollector can collect information from the following sources within McAfee Network Security
Platform:
Information Type
Description
Ems.log Files
Configurable logs containing information from various components of the
Manager. The current ems.log file is renamed when its size reaches 1MB, using
the current timestamp. Another ems.log is created to collect the latest log
information.
Configuration backup A collection of database information containing all Network Security Platform
configuration information.
Configuration files
XML and property files within the Network Security Platform config directory.
Fault log
A table in the Network Security Platform database that contains generated
fault log messages.
Sensor Trace
A file containing various McAfee® Network Security Sensor(Sensor)-related log
files.
Compiled Signature
A file containing signature information and policy configuration for a given
Sensor.
InfoCollector is a tool that can be used both by you and by McAfee.
McAfee systems engineers can use the InfoCollector tool to provide you with a definition (.def) file via
email. This file is configured by McAfee to automatically choose information that McAfee needs from
your installation of Network Security Platform. You simply open the definition file within the
InfoCollector and it will automatically select the information that McAfee needs from your installation
of the Manager.
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Using the InfoCollector tool
How to run the InfoCollector tool
Alternatively, a manual approach can also be used with InfoCollector, and you can select information
yourself to provide to McAfee. For example, McAfee may ask you to select checkboxes that correspond
to different sets of information available within Network Security Platform.
How to run the InfoCollector tool
To run InfoCollector, follow the following steps:
1
If you do not already have InfoCollector installed, download the InfoCollector.zip file from the
McAfee website and extract it to a specific location in a specific drive:
Example
C:\[Network Security Manager_INSTALL_DIR]\App\diag
Files related to InfoCollector, such as infocollector.bat should be in a specific location:
Example
C:\[Network Security Manager_INSTALL_DIR]\App\diag\InfoCollector
2
Run the following batch file:
C:\[Network Security Manager_INSTALL_DIR]\App\diag\InfoCollector\infocollector.bat
Using InfoCollector tool
To use InfoCollector, follow these steps:
Task
1
After you run InfoCollector, do one of the following:
•
If McAfee provides you with a definition file:
a
After you run InfoCollector, open the File menu and click Open Definition.
Figure 7-1 Navigating to Open Definition option
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Using the Log Analyzer tool
2
b
Select the definition file that McAfee sent you via email and click Select.
•
If McAfee instructs you to select InfoCollector checkboxes:
a
After you run InfoCollector, select the checkboxes as instructed by McAfee.
b
Select a Duration. Select Date to specify a start and end date, or select Last X Days.
c
Select the number of days from which InfoCollector should gather information.
d
Click Browse and select the path and filename of the output ZIP file.
Click Run.
Figure 7-2 Running selected files
3
Provide the output ZIP file to McAfee as recommended by McAfee Technical Support. You can send
the file via email or through FTP.
The output ZIP file contains the toolconfig.txt file, which lists the information that you have chosen
to provide McAfee.
Using the Log Analyzer tool
This section describes the functions of the Log Analyzer tool and the tasks that can be performed in
various tabs that are available in the tool.
Tasks
•
Introduction on page 144
•
Running the Log Analyzer on page 144
•
Add a new customer case on page 144
•
View summary of the Manager on page 146
•
Create an Event Chart on page 147
•
Search for a log file on page 148
•
Managing log files in repository on page 150
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Using the Log Analyzer tool
Introduction
Log analyzer is a tool used for troubleshooting purposes to track and analyze the log files. The
InfoCollector logs are uploaded to Log Analyzer tool. This tool provides the following information:
•
A high level summary of the Manager installation.
•
Charts based on events, time slider, alerts, packet logs and memory.
•
Advanced search options to search only specific log files and time range
•
Repository of logs.
Log Analyzer can analyze information from the following log files within McAfee Network Security
Platform:
•
Ems.log
•
Acm.log
•
Aqcount.log
•
Pqcount.log
Running the Log Analyzer
To run Log Analyzer:
Task
1
Extract the new build of Log Analyzer and save it in a preferred location in your local system.
2
Open the folder and click start.bat to start the server.
3
Open the browser and type the connection path. For example, localhost:8983/la/. The Log Analyzer
web tool is displayed. To stop the server, click start.bat.
Add a new customer case
Before you begin
You can add a new case to manage log sets for a customer.
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Task
1
Click on the
icon at the bottom of the left panel. The Add New Case window is displayed.
Figure 7-3 Add New Case window
2
3
Enter the following fields:
Fields
Description
Case
Type the name of the case
Customer
Type the name of the customer
Description
Type a description for the new case.
Click Save to save add the new case.
To delete the case click on the
icon at the bottom of the left panel.
Tasks
•
Add a new log set on page 146
This section explains about adding new log set files.
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Add a new log set
This section explains about adding new log set files.
Task
1
Click on the Add button in the Case Details window. The Add/Edit Log Set window is displayed.
Figure 7-4 Add/Edit Log Set window
2
Type the name of the log set in the Name field.
3
In the Upload Path field, click Browse and select the log set zip file to be uploaded.
4
Click Submit to add the log set. The log set is added in the Customer Cases panel.
View summary of the Manager
In the Summary tab, you can view the following details of the Manager.
146
Field name
Description
CPU
Specifies the CPU details
Installed By
Displays the name of the person who installed the Manager.
Installed On
Displays the date and time of installation
Installed Directory
Specifies the location of the directory where the Manager is installed.
Manager Type
Specifies the type of the Manager.
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Using the Log Analyzer tool
Field name
Description
MySQL Install Directory Specifies the location of the directory where the MySQL Install Directory is
installed.
Regional Language
Specifies the regional language
The summary details are generated from a “installer_debug.txt” file in “NetworkSecurityManager\App
\UninstallerData\Logs”
This file is automatically included when you upload a logset into the log analyzer to create
the details for the summary tab. But on versions prior to 8.0, in the Repository tab click Add file
to add this file manually to the logset for the details to be displayed on Summary tab.
Figure 7-5 Summary tab
Create an Event Chart
In the Charts tab, you can view the following charts:
•
Event Chart
•
Rate Chart
•
Memory Chart
The event chart displays the chart for the selected event(s). Do the following steps to create an event
chart.
Task
1
From the Available Events list, select the event(s) and click on
included in the Selected Events list.
button. The selected event(s) are
To remove an event from the Selected Events list, select the event and click on the
selected event(s) are removed from the Selected Events list.
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
button. The
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Using the Log Analyzer tool
2
Click on the Create Chart button.
The Event chart is displayed on the page.
Figure 7-6 Event chart
It also displays the following information.
Field name
Description
Start Time
Specifies the start time of event(s).
End Time
Specifies the endtime of event(s).
Select Time Range Click and drag the slider(s) to select the start time and end time of the event(s).
To further analyze the information on a more specific time, click and drag the mouse pointer on the
event for a specific time.
Search for a log file
Before you begin
You can search for a specific log file or a list of files for a specific file type in the repository.
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To search for a specific log file:
Task
1
Type the name of the log file name in the Find text area.
2
Click Submit.
The log file found in the repository is displayed in the Search Results section.
Figure 7-7 Search Results section
3
Under Search Options click on the type of log file and click Submit. For selecting multiple file type, press
Shift and click on the file types.
4
Select the start and end time of the log files by moving the slider(s) in the Select Time Range field.
The list of log files found in the repository is displayed in the Search Results section.
In the Search textbox under the "Customer Cases" pane, you can search for the logsets pertaining to
a particular customer or a particular case. The case and customer name fields are used to filter out
the text entered in the textbox. All the related cases along with the logsets added are displayed.
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Using the Log Analyzer tool
Managing log files in repository
In the Repository tab, you can view, download and process the log files for analysis.
Figure 7-8 Repository tab
The following table shows the options available in the Repository Tab.
Options
Description
Search
Type the name of the file in the Search text field. The specified file name, if found
in the repository is displayed in the page.
File Name
Click on the fille name link in the File Name column.
Last Modified
Displays the date and time since the file was last modified.
Processed for Analysis A tick mark signifies that the file is processed for analysis. A cross mark signifies
that the file is not processed for analysis.
150
Add File
Click on the Add File button to search and upload a new file to the log set in the
repository.
Process
Click on the Process button to process the log file for analysis.
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Automatically restarting a failed Manager
with Manager Watchdog
This section provides information on how the Manager Watchdog works, installing the Manager
Watchdog, starting the Manager Watchdog, using the Manager Watchdog in an MDR configuration, and
tracking the Manager Watchdog activities.
Contents
Introduction
How the Manager Watchdog works
Install the Manager Watchdog
Start the Manager Watchdog
Use the Manager Watchdog with Manager in an MDR configuration
Track the Manager Watchdog activities
Introduction
The Manager Watchdog feature is designed to restart the Manager if the Manager crashes, potentially
bringing the Manager back online before MDR enables.
The Manager Watchdog monitors the Manager process on the Manager server periodically for
availability. If Manager Watchdog detects that the Manager has gone down unexpectedly, it restarts
the service automatically. (It does not restart the Manager if the Manager has been shut down
intentionally.)
How the Manager Watchdog works
Manager Watchdog runs as a separate process and monitors Manager through the Windows OS
Services model. Manager Watchdog polls Manager every 10 seconds. If the Manager Watchdog does
not detect the Manager during a polling period, it waits 30 seconds and then restarts the Manager
service automatically. Manager Watchdog will make five attempts to restart the Manager and then, if it
has not succeeded, it will exit.
Manager Watchdog, by default, is a manual service; you must explicitly start it.
You can instead change this setting to be automatic if you wish the service to start automatically after a
system reboot.
If you have chosen to change the Manager service setting from its default (Auto) to "Manual," (during a
troubleshooting session, for example) then consider doing the same for Manager Watchdog. This will
prevent the Manager Watchdog from restarting Manager automatically.
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Install the Manager Watchdog
Install the Manager Watchdog
Manager Watchdog is installed automatically during Manager installation, and a new OS service called
"Network Security Platform Watchdog Service" is created to enable you to start and stop the Manager
Watchdog service. When you first install the Manager, this service is started automatically. However,
the default Windows Startup Type for this service is manual.
Manager Watchdog monitors only the "Network Security PlatformMgr" service; it does not monitor
services like MySQL or Apache.
Start the Manager Watchdog
The Manager watchdog process is, by default, not started after installation; you must start the
Manager watchdog process manually.
To start/stop Manager Watchdog:
Task
1
Select Start | Settings | Control Panel. Double-click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Services.
2
Click Network Security Platform Watchdog Service.
3
Do one of the following:
•
To start the service, select Action | Start.
•
To stop the service, selectAction | Stop.
Alternatively, you can also use the Manager icon in the Windows system tray to start or stop
Manager Watchdog. Right-click on the Manager icon at the bottom-right corner of your server and
select Start Watchdog or Stop Watchdog as required.
Use the Manager Watchdog with Manager in an MDR
configuration
When using Manager Watchdog on an Manager that is part of an MDR configuration, consider whether
you want the Manager Watchdog to restart the Manager before failover can occur. If so, you must
ensure that the value set for the MDR setting "Downtime Before Switchover" is greater than the
Manager Watchdog setting of 30 seconds. This prevents the initiation of MDR, wherein the peer
Manager takes over if the primary Manager fails. McAfee suggests retaining the default value of 5
minutes or greater to allow the Manager Watchdog time to restart the Manager.
If the Manager Watchdog brings up a primary Manager after MDR has initiated, note that the primary
Manager does not come back Active; it checks first to determine whether the secondary is Active and
if so, remains as standby.
Track the Manager Watchdog activities
The Manager Watchdog logs all controlled activities in a log file. Log files can be found at:
/<Network Security Platform install directory>/ named with the filename convention
wdout_<<time stamp>>.log
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Automatically restarting a failed Manager with Manager Watchdog
Track the Manager Watchdog activities
8
A sample log file entry follows:
Sample Manager Watchdog Log
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Restarting server at Mon Jun 09 14:48:53 GMT+05:30 2006
SERVER STDOUT: The Network Security Platform Manager Service is starting.
SERVER STDOUT: The Network Security Platform Manager Service was started successfully.
SERVER STDOUT:
SERVER STDOUT:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------If the Manager Watchdog fails after five attempts to restart Manager, the following line appears in the
log file:
SERVER STDOUT: Failed to restart Manager after five attempts. Exiting. [kl]
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8
Automatically restarting a failed Manager with Manager Watchdog
Track the Manager Watchdog activities
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Utilize of the McAfee KnowledgeBase
The McAfee Knowledgebase (KB) contains a large number of useful articles designed to answer specific
questions that might not have been addressed elsewhere in the documentation set. We suggest
checking to see if a question you have is answered in a KB article.
To access McAfee Knowledgebase:
Go to http://mysupport.mcafee.com, and click Search the KnowledgeBase.
The following list contains some of the more commonly accessed KB articles.
New Number Topic
KB55446
All signature set releases with links to signature set release notes
KB55447
All UDS releases and release notes of the UDS's (this is a restricted article and
requires the user to log into service portal or be internal)
KB55448
Table displaying the current versions for McAfee® Network Security Platform
KB55449
Listing of McAfee Network Security Platform's response to high profile public
vulnerabilities
KB55450
How to request coverage for a threat that isn't already covered
KB55451
List of all McAfee Recommended for Blocking (RFB) attacks
KB55318
Sensor heat dissipation rates (BTUs per hour)
KB60660
Verifying MySQL Database Tables
KB55470
Network Security Platform maximum number of CIDR blocks using VIDS
KB55549
Collecting a diagnostics trace from the McAfee Network Security Sensor (Sensor)
KB55568
VLAN limitations for Network Security Platform
KB55723
Maximum number of SSL keys for McAfee Network Security Manager (Manager) or
Sensor
KB55743
How to submit Network Security Platform false positives and incorrect detections to
McAfee Support
KB55908
Support for legacy versions
KB55364
Asymmetric traffic
KB56069
"Login failed: Unable to get the McAfee Network Security Manager (Manager) license
information"
KB56071
Configuring authentication on the Manager for the update server
KB56364
3rd Party Recommended Hardware for Sensors
Error: Download Failed: Reason 42: Sensor fails to apply new updates
internally(Sensor signature updates fails)
Network Security Platform Release Notes (Master List)
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9
Utilize of the McAfee KnowledgeBase
New Number Topic
156
KB59347
Sensor is reporting false DOS attacks / New network device is added and Sensor is
now reporting DOS attacks
KB59344
Recover the password for the Manager
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
Troubleshooting Guide
Index
A
about this guide 7
auto-negotiation 50
auto-negotiation and speed configurations 47
Cisco 3750-12S switch 48
Cisco catalyst 4000, 5000, 6000 series 48
Cisco CSS 11000 48
Cisco PIX® Firewall 48
gigabit auto-negotiation 47
false positives determination
tuning policies 63
I
InfoCollector tool 141
K
KnowledgeBase 155
M
C
CatOS show port command counters 48
connection difficulties 40
connection limiting 24
connectivity difficulties
configuring management port 41
firewall 41
setting management port speed 42
software set incompatibility; signature set compatibility 41
connectivity issues 46
duplex mismatches 47
connectivity loss 42
conventions and icons used in this guide 7
correct identification
user sensitivity 64
D
data link errors 61
documentation
audience for this guide 7
product-specific, finding 8
typographical conventions and icons 7
download status 12
E
error messages 127
external fail-open kit issues
connecting to monitoring ports 20
Manager database connectivity 27
Manager status check 27
Manager watchdog 151
McAfee ServicePortal, accessing 8
MySQL issues 28
P
pinging 11
Q
quarantining 26
S
Sensor and Manager status checks 40
Sensor failover issues 19
Sensor failover status check 11
Sensor health check 11
Sensor issues, debugging 15
Sensor reboot 13
Sensor response
exceeding throughput 16
Sensor status checks 10
Sensor traffic status 12
ServicePortal, finding product documentation 8
sniffer trace 61
status checks for Sensor and other devices 46
system fault messages 67
T
F
false positives 63, 64
McAfee Network Security Platform 8.1
technical support, finding product information 8
traffic management 19
Troubleshooting Guide
157
Index
troubleshooting
before starting 9
troubleshooting tips 9
U
X
XC cable connection issues
M8000 Sensors 20
NS9300 Sensors 20
update status 11
158
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Troubleshooting Guide
0G00
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