Agilent Technologies L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform

Agilent Technologies L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform
Agilent Technologies 
L4490A/L4491A
RF Switch Platform
User’s Guide
Agilent Technologies
Errata
Agilent References in this manual
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Notices
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2011, 2012
Warranty
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Manual Part Number
L4490-90001
Edition
Fifth Edition. September 2012
Printed in Malaysia
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
3501 Stevens Creek Blvd.
Santa Clara, CA 95052 USA
Microsoft® and Windows® are U.S. registered
trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Software Revision
This guide is valid for the firmware that was
installed in the instrument at the time of manufacture. However, upgrading the firmware may
add or change product features. For the latest
firmware and documentation, go to the product
page at:
www.agilent.com/find/L449xA
www.agilent.com/find/L4490A
www.agilent.com/find/L4491A
Technology Licenses
The hardware and/or software described
in this document are furnished under a
license and may be used or copied only in
accordance with the terms of such license.
Safety Notices
CAUTION
A CAUTION notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice, or
the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in damage to the product or loss of
important data. Do not proceed
beyond a CAUTION notice until
the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
WA RNING
A WARNING notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
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i
Safety Notices
The following general safety precautions
must be observed during all phases of
operation of this instrument. Failure to
comply with these precautions or with
specific warnings or instructions elsewhere in this manual violates safety standards of design, manufacture, and
intended use of the instrument. Agilent
Technologies assumes no liability of the
customer’s failure to comply with the
requirements.
In Case of Damage
Instruments that appear damaged or
defective should be made inoperative and
secured against unintended operation
until they can be repaired by qualified service personnel.
Safety Symbols
General
Do not use this products in any manner
not specified by the manufacturer. The
protective features of this product may be
impaired if it is used in a manner not
specified in the operation instructions.
Alternating Current
Direct Current




Ground the Instrument
This product is provided with protective
earth terminals. To minimize shock hazard, the instrument must be connected to
the ac power mains through a grounded
power cable, with the ground wire firmly
connected to an electrical ground (safety
ground) at the power outlet. Any interruption of the protective (grounding) conductor or disconnection of the protective
earth terminal will cause a potential shock
hazard that could result in personal injury.
This product complies with the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) marking requirement. The
affixed product label (see below) indicates that
you must not discard this electrical/electronic
product in domestic household waste.
Product Category: With reference to the
equipment types in the WEEE directive Annex
1, this product is classified as a "Monitoring
and Control instrumentation" product.
Do not dispose in domestic household waste.
To return unwanted products, contact your
local Agilent office, or see 
www.agilent.com/environment/product 
for more information.

Earth Ground
Before Applying Power
Verify that all safety precautions are
taken. Make all connections to the unit
before applying power.
Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE) Directive
2002/96/EC





Chassis Ground

Standby Supply. Unit is not
completely disconnected
from AC Mains when
switch is off

Risk of electric shock

REfer to manual for additional
safety information
Device or assembly is susceptable to damage from
an ESD event
Do Not Operate in an Explosive
Atmosphere
Do not operate the instrument in the presence of flammable gases or fumes.
Removing the Instrument
Cover
Only qualified, service-trained personal
who are aware of the hazards involved
should remove instrument covers. Always
disconnect the power cable and any external circuits before removing the instrument cover.
ii
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iv
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Contents
1 About the Instrument
L4490A/L4491A Use Model
2
Equipment Inventory 3
Materials Included 3
Input Power and Operating Environment
Recommended Accessories
3
4
Installing Switches/Attenuators in the RF Switch Platform
Removing the RF Platform Covers 6
Bracket-Switch Assembly
7
L4490A/L4491A Switch Trays and Options
13
L4490A/L4491A Bracket Layout Guidelines 20
6
2 Hardware Configuration
Network Configuration
22
Selecting a LAN Network
22
Instrument Configuration
23
The 34945EXT Module
25
Channel Numbering 27
Internal/External Power Supply Considerations
28
Agilent Switch/Attenuator Configuration 31
Agilent N1810 / N1811 / N1812 Series Coaxial Switches 32
Agilent 87104/87106/87406 - L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206 Coaxial Switches 33
Agilent 87204 / 87206/ 87606 Series Coaxial Switches 34
Agilent 8767/8/9M Microwave Single-Pole Multi-Throw Switches 35
Agilent 84904/6/7 K/L and 84904/5/8M Programmable Step Attenuators
36
Agilent 8494/5/6/7 Programmable Step Attenuators
37
Agilent 849xG/H/K Programmable Step Attenuators Option 016
38
Agilent 87222 and L7222 Coaxial Switches
39
Agilent 8762 / 8763 / 8764 Series Coaxial Switches 40
Agilent 8765 Series Coaxial Switches
41
Agilent 8766/7/8/9K Microwave Single-Pole Multi-Throw Switches
42
Agilent U9397A / U9397C FET Solid State Switches
43
3 Software Installation and Configuration
Software Requirements 46
Installing the Agilent IO Libraries
47
Installing Instrument Drivers
48
Adding Instruments to the Interface
49
Configuring the LAN Interface 49
Configuring the GPIB Interface
53
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
v
Using Interactive IO
56
Applying Power 57
LAN Default Configuration
58
Firmware and Driver Updates 58
Downloading and Installing the Update Utility
Downloading the Firmware Update 59
Installing the Firmware Update
59
Updating the L4491A with Option 002 61
58
Downloading IVI-COM Driver and LabVIEW Driver Updates
63
4 Introduction to Programming
66
Getting Started with the L4490A/L4491A Web-Enabled Interface
66
Connecting to the Instrument and Viewing its Home Page 67
An Overview of the ‘Browser Web Control’ Page 67
SCPI Command Interface
72
Logging SCPI Commands 73
System Verification
75
Switch and Attenuator Programming
80
Agilent N1810/N1811/N1812 Series Switches 80
Agilent 87104/87106/87406 - L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206 Switches 82
Agilent 87204 / 87206 Series and 87606 Switches
84
Agilent 8490x Series / 849x Series Attenuators and 876xM Series Switches
Agilent 87222 Series and L7222C Switches
88
Agilent 876x Series and U9397A/C Switches
90
Sequence Programming 92
Using L4490A/L4491A Digital IO and Relay Driver Option 004
Connector Pin Definitions 93
Configuring the Digital IO and Relay Drive Lines 96
86
93
Power-On, *RST, and SYSTem:CPON States
96
Restoring L4490A/L4491A Factory Settings
97
5 Additional Operating Information
L4490A/L4491A SCPI Command Summary
Y1150A - Y1155A Switch Control Tables
Y1150A Switch Control
104
Y1151A Switch Control
104
Y1152A Switch Control
105
Y1153A Switch Control
106
Y1154A Switch Control
106
Y1155A Switch Control
107
Drive Modes
100
104
109
Using Single-Coil Switches and Attenuators
Continuous Drive Mode
110
vi
110
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Single Coil with Separate Position Indicators Connection Diagram
Using Dual-Coil Switches and Attenuators 112
Pairing Channels 113
Paired Drive With Separate Position Indicators
Paired Drive With Combined Position Indicators
Pulsed Actuation Mode 115
Overcurrent Conditions
117
Overcurrent Conditions with External Supplies
Command Execution Times
Verifying Switch States
LED Drive Indicators
111
113
114
118
118
119
120
L4490A/L4491A Digital IO and Relay Driver Option 004
Digital I/O Functions 121
121
A Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
Y1157A Cable Kit Assembly
124
Y1158A Cable Kit Assembly
126
10-pin to 10-pin Cable
126
14-pin to 10-pin Cable
127
Y1159A Cable Kit Assembly
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
129
vii
viii
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Agilent L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform
User’s Guide
1
About the Instrument
L4490A/L4491A Use Model 2
Equipment Inventory 3
Materials Included 3
Input Power and Operating Environment 3
Recommended Accessories 4
Installing Switches/Attenuators in the RF Switch Platform
Removing the RF Platform Covers 6
Bracket-Switch Assembly 7
L4490A/L4491A Switch Trays and Options 13
L4490A/L4491A Bracket Layout Guidelines 20
6
Welcome. This manual contains component, configuration, and
programming information for the Agilent L4490A/L4491A RF Switch
Platform.
The L4490A and L4491A control and monitor RF/microwave switches and
attenuators used in applications such as wireless communications,
avionics, medical electronics, and in test and measurement systems. The
L4490A and L4491A are optimized for use with the Agilent family of
RF/microwave switches and attenuators.
The L4490A is a 2U, and the L4491A is a 4U LXI Class C instrument. LXI,
an acronym for LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation is an instrumentation
standard for devices that use the Ethernet (LAN) as their primary
communication interface. The 2U and 4U references refer to the physical
size of the L4490A and L4491A relative to standard EIA rack cabinet
dimensions.
Refer to this chapter for specific information on:
• the use model for the L4490A/L4491A product and documentation
• materials (cables, hardware, software) supplied with the
L4490A/L4491A
• input power and operating/storage specifications
• supported Agilent RF/microwave switches and attenuators
• distribution boards and brackets required for using the switches and
attenuators in the RF switch platforms
• installing switches and attenuators in the platforms
Agilent Technologies
1
1
About the Instrument
L4490A/L4491A Use Model
The use model for the L4490A and L4491A RF switch platform and for
this manual is:
1 Inventory and identification of standard L4490A/L4491A components
and recommended switch/attenuator accessories (Chapter 1).
2 Connecting switches/attenuators to their brackets and installation of the
switch/bracket assembly in the RF switch platform (Chapter 1).
3 Wiring the switches/attenuators to the distribution boards and installing
the distribution boards in the RF switch platform (Chapter 2).
4 Configuring the system software in preparation of switch/attenuator
configuration and control. Applying power to the switch platform 
(Chapter 3).
5 Programming (configuration and control) of the switches and
attenuators (Chapter 4).
Reference information for selected topics in chapters 1- 4 is located in 
Chapter 5. Detailed information on the L4490A/L4491A command set, as
well as an on- line copy of this manual, instrument drivers, application
notes, and computer- aided design (CAD) models for building RF cables are
included on the Product Reference CD ROM.
When using this manual, note that chapters 1, 2, and 4 are organized by
switch and attenuator model and the same sequence is found throughout
the chapters.
2
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
Equipment Inventory
The first step prior to using the L4490A/L4491A for switch and attenuator
control is to verify that all materials and accessories required for a given
switch or attenuator model are available. This section lists the materials
that ship standard with each L4490A/L4491A instrument.
Materials Included
The following materials are included with the L4490A and L4491A:
1 Power Cord
2 LAN cross- over cable 
- for a direct LAN connection between the L4490A/L4491A and
the PC 
3 Agilent L4490A/L4491A Product Reference CD- ROM (p/n L4490- 13601)
- manuals, instrument drivers, application notes, CAD models
4 Agilent E2094Q IO Libraries Media Suite
- VISA/VISA- COM libraries, Agilent Connection Expert
Input Power and Operating Environment
The input power, operating environment, and storage environment
specifications for the L4490A/L4491A are listed in Table 1- 1. Refer to the
instrument data sheet for a complete listing of specifications. The data
sheets can be found on the Web at:
www.agilent.com/find/L449xA
www.agilent.com/find/L4490A
www.agilent.com/find/L4491A
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
3
1
About the Instrument
Table 1-1. L4490A and L4491A Instrument Input Power Specifications.
Description
±10%

Power Supply and Line
Frequency:
100 - 240V
50/60 Hz
Power Consumption:
100 - 200 VA
Operating Environment:
Full accuracy for 0C to 55C
Full accuracy to 80% R.H. at 40C
Storage Environment:
-40C to 70C
The L4490A/L4491A should be operated in an indoor environment where
temperature and humidity are controlled. Condensation can pose a
potential shock hazard. Condensation can occur when the modules are
moved from a cold to a warm environment, or if the temperature and/or
humidity of the environment changes quickly.
Recommended Accessories
Switches and attenuators interface to the L4490A/L4491A through
distribution boards. The Y1150A - Y1155A distribution boards are ordered
separately based on the switches/attenuators used in your application.
Similarly, recommended cables are included with the Y1170A- Y1175A
series of mounting bracket kits, and are available individually in the
Y1157A - Y1159A cable kits. Like the distribution boards, the bracket kits
and cable kits are ordered separately.
Table 1- 2 lists some of the common Agilent switches/attenuators and the
distribution boards, bracket kits, and/or cable kits they require. Review
Table 1- 2 carefully to ensure that you have the appropriate accessories
for your switches and attenuators. This will save you time and
frustration!
4
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
Table 1-2. Recommended Accessories for Agilent Switches/Attenuators.
Switch
Model
Reference
Document
Number (1)
Coil
Voltage
Option
Position
Indicator
Option
DC Connector
Option
Distribution Board
[number of switches
per board]
Bracket Kit (3)
[Cable Kit] (3)
N1810UL
N1810TL
N1811TL
N1812UL
5968-9653E
124
402/403(2)
201
(DB9F)
Y1150A [8]
Y1152A [2]
Y1154A [6]
Y1170A: L4491A
Y1171A: L4490A
[Y1157A]
024
standard
161
(16-pin DIP)
Y1151A [2]
Y1172A
[Y1159A]
standard
standard
Y1152A [1]
Y1172A
[Y1159A]
87104A - C
87106A - C
5091-3366E
87406B
5965-7841E
87204A - C
87206A - C
5965-3309E
87606B
5965-7842E
87222C - E
5968-2216E
standard
standard
161
(16-pin DIP)
Y1154A [2]
Y1173A
[Y1158A]
5989-6030EN
024
standard
161
(16-pin DIP)
Y1151A [2]
Y1172A
[Y1159A]
L7222C
5989-6084EN
standard
standard
161
(16-pin DIP)
Y1154A [2]
Y1173A
[Y1158A]
8762A - C
8763A - C
8764A - C
5952-1873E
024
n/a
solder terminals
(standard)
Y1155A [8]
Y1170A:L4491A
Y1171A:L4490A
8762F
5964-3704E
8765A - D
5952-2231E
324
n/a
solder terminals
(with 324)
Y1155A [8]
Y1170A:L4491A
Y1171A:L4490A
024
n/a
060
(12-pin Viking)
L7104A - C
L7106A - C
L7204A - C
L7206A - C
8765F
5091-2679E
8766K - 7K
5959-7831
8768K - 9K
161
(16-pin DIP)
Y1155A [2]
Y1175A
Y1155A [1]
8767M - 9M
5988-2477EN
024
n/a
10-pin DIP
Y1153A [2]
Y1175A
[Y1158A]
U9397A,C
5989-6088EN
standard
n/a
solder terminals
Y1155A [8]
Y1170A:L4491A
Y1171A:L4490A
(1) For product and technical overviews, go to http://www.agilent.com/find/accessories, select 'RF & Microwave Test Accessories'. Additional information
can also be found in the "RF and Microwave Test Accessories Catalog" accessible from this site.
(2) Starting in June 2010, the current interrupt function (formerly Option 403) is a standard feature for these switches. The serial number information
below shows which switch units have the current interrupt function included as standard.
N1810UL: Serial numbers MY07244672 and later
N1810TL: Serial numbers MY07247927 and later
N1811TL: Serial numbers MY07244660 and later
N1812UL: Serial numbers MY07240668 and later
(3) Bracket kits apply to the L4490A/L4491A. The kits include pre-assembled control cables and hardware for mounting switches/attenuators to the
brackets and the bracket assemblies to the chassis. Each bracket kit includes hardware for mounting five switches. The Y1173A kit allows you to mount
up to six switches. The Cable (only) kits are primarily used with the 34945A/L4445A, but can also be used with the L4490A/L4491A. These cables must
be assembled. Refer to Appendix A for cable assembly instructions.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
5
1
About the Instrument
Table 1-2. Recommended Accessories for Agilent Switches/Attenuators
(Cont’d).
Attenuator
Model
Reference
Document
Number (1)
Coil
Voltage
Option
Position
Indicator
Option
DC Connector
Option
Distribution Board
[number of
attenuators per
board]
Bracket Kit (3)
[Cable Kit] (3)
84904K - L
84906K - L
84907K - L
5963-6944E
24V
(standard)
standard
10-pin DIP
(standard)
Y1153A [2]
Y1174A
[Y1158A]
84904M
84905M
84908M
5988-2475EN
024
standard
10-pin DIP
(standard)
Y1153A [2]
Y1174A
[Y1158A]
(4)
24V
(standard)
standard
12-pin Viking
(standard)
Y1153A [2]
Y1175A
8494G - H
8495G - H
8496G - H
8495K
8497K
(1)For product and technical overviews, go to http://www.agilent.com/find/accessories, select 'RF & Microwave Test Accessories'. Additional information
can also be found in the "RF and Microwave Test Accessories Catalog" accessible from this site.

(3) Bracket kits apply to the L4490A/L4491A. The kits include pre-assembled control cables and hardware for mounting switches/attenuators to the
brackets and the bracket assemblies to the chassis. Each bracket kit includes hardware for mounting five switches. The Y1173A kit allows you to mount
up to six switches. The Cable (only) kits are primarily used with the 34945A/L4445A, but can also be used with the L4490A/L4491A. These cables must
be assembled. Refer to Appendix A for cable assembly instructions.4445A, but can also be used with the L4490A and L4491A. These cables must be
assembled. Refer to Appendix A for cable assembly instructions.
(4) Information on these attenuators plus additional information on the other attenuators can be found in the “RF and Microwave Test Accessories
Catalog” accessible from this site.
Installing Switches/Attenuators in the RF Switch Platform
This section contains information on installing the switches and
attenuators.
Removing the RF Platform Covers
Switch/attenuator installation and wiring requires removal of the top and
bottom covers of the switch platforms, and for the L4491A, removal of the
side panels as well.
Before removing the covers, disconnect the power cord from the
instrument. The covers (and L4491A side panels) are removed by
loosening the screw securing each cover and panel to the frame and
sliding the cover/panel towards the back of the instrument. It is not
necessary to remove the feet from the bottom cover. 
CAUTION
6
Use care when handling the L4490A and L4491A chassis with the top and
bottom covers removed as components within the chassis are susceptible to
damage from ESD.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
Figure 1- 1 shows the location of the screws.
L4491A RF Switch Platform
cover and side panel removal
(T-15 Torx)
L4490A RF Switch Platform
cover removal
(T-15 Torx)
Figure 1-1. Removing the RF Platform Covers and Side Panels.
Bracket-Switch Assembly
Table 1- 2 identifies the bracket kits (available separately) required to
install the corresponding switches and attenuators in the RF switch
platform. This section contains information on attaching the switch and
attenuator to the bracket prior to installing the assembly in the platform.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
7
1
About the Instrument
Y1170A and Y1171A Brackets
Figure 1- 2 shows the brackets contained in the Y1170A and Y1171A
mounting kits and the mounting positions for the supported switches. The
Y1170A bracket (kit) is required for the L4491A platform and the Y1171A
bracket (kit) is required for the L4490A platform and the L4491A platform
with Option 006.
The Y1170A and Y1171A kits contain hardware for installing five switches.
Y1170A
Y1171A
captive nut thread size = M4x0.7
8765
N1812
N1811
N1810
8762 8764
8763
U937A, C
8765
N1812
N1810 N1811
8764
8763
U937A,C
8762
switch mounting thread size = M3 x 0.5
screw alignment is through switch and into bracket
screw alignment is through switch and into bracket
Figure 1-2. Connecting Switches to the Y1170A and Y1171A Brackets.
8
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
Y1172 Bracket
Figure 1- 3 shows the bracket contained in the Y1172A mounting kit and
the mounting position for the supported switches. The Y1172A bracket
(kit) is used with both the L4490A and L4491A platforms. 

The Y1172A kit contains hardware for installing five switches.
Y1172A
captive nut thread size = M4 x 0.7
87104A-C
87106A-C
L7104A-C
L7106A-C
87406B
87204A-C
87206A-C
L7204A-C
L7206A-C
87606B
Allows viewing of switch path number
screw alignment is through switch and into bracket
Figure 1-3. Connecting Switches to the Y1172A Bracket.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
9
1
About the Instrument
Y1173 Bracket
Figure 1- 4 shows the bracket contained in the Y1173A mounting kit and
the mounting position for the supported switches. The Y1173A bracket
(kit) is used with both the L4490A and L4491A platforms. 

The Y1173A kit contains hardware for installing six switches (two switches
per bracket).
Y1173A
captive nut thread size = M4 x 0.7
87222C-E
L7222C
bracket allows for two switches
M2.5 x 0.45 x 6.5 deep
screw alignment is through bracket and into switch
Figure 1-4. Connecting Switches to the Y1173A Bracket.
10
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
Y1174 Bracket
Figure 1- 5 shows the bracket contained in the Y1174A mounting kit and
the mounting positions for the supported attenuators. The Y1174A bracket
(kit) is used with both the L4490A and L4491A platforms. 

The Y1174A kit contains hardware for installing five attenuators.
Y1174A
84907K/L
84905M
84904K/L
84906K/L
84904M
84908M
captive nut thread size = M4 x 0.7
M3 x 0.5 x 6 deep
screw alignment is through bracket and into switch
M3 x 0.5 x 6 deep
screw alignment is through bracket and into switch
Figure 1-5. Connecting Switches to the Y1174A Bracket.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
11
1
About the Instrument
Y1175 Bracket
Figure 1- 6 shows the bracket contained in the Y1175A mounting kit and
the mounting positions for the supported switches and attenuators. The
Y1175A bracket (kit) is used with both the L4490A and L4491A platforms. 

The Y1175A kit contains hardware for installing five switches or
attenuators.
Y1175A
mounting locations for L4490A
and L4491A with option 006
8766K
mounting Locations for L4491A
8767K
8768K
8769K
mounting holes of switches = M3 x 0.5 x 5.1 deep
captive nut (not shown) thread size = M4 x 0.7
*mounting location for 8769M in L4490A
and L4491A with option 006
8769M*
L4490A/L4491A Opt. 006 Mounting
8767M
8767M
8768M
8769M*
8495G/H
8494G/H
8495K
8496G/H
8497K
L4491A Mounting
mounting holes of switches = M3 x 0.5 x 5.1 deep
mounting holes of attenuators = 4-40 UNC x 5.1mm
Figure 1-6. Connecting Switches to the Y1175A Bracket.
12
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
L4490A/L4491A Switch Trays and Options
The bracket- switch assemblies shown on the previous pages are mounted
on the switch trays within the L4490A and L4491A switch platforms. The
Y1170A - Y1175A bracket kits contain the required mounting hardware.
L4490A Switch Tray
Figure 1- 7 shows the switch tray and bracket mounting location for the
L4490A.
DC Output Power Supplies
L4490A Controller Box
34945EXT
switch tray (bracket mounting area)
Figure 1-7. L4490A Bracket Mounting Locations.
The switch tray is a grid with spacings of 45.72 mm x 45.72 mm between
any two holes in the ‘x’ and ‘y’ directions. Bracket mounting requires the
L4490A top and bottom covers to be removed (Figure 1- 1). Screw
alignment is upward through the bottom of the tray and into the bracket’s
captive nut.
Figure 1- 8 shows example placement of switches and attenuators within
the L4490A.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
13
1
About the Instrument
NOT E
L4490A platforms with Digital IO and Relay Drive Option 004 reduces the tray
area available for switch and attenuator installation.
Y1171A
Y1172A
grid spacing = 45.72 mm x 45.72 mm
Y1173A
screw alignment is through bottom of tray and into bracket
(kit screws require T-20 Torx driver)
Figure 1-8. Example Switch and Attenuator Positioning within the L4490A.
L4491A Standard Mounting Bays (Option 005)
Figure 1- 9 show the switch bays and bracket mounting locations for the
L4491A with standard Option 005.
14
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
mounting location for customer-provided fan
(60 mm tube axial fan, 50 mm hole to hole spacings)
L4491A Controller Box
rear mounting tray
34945EXT
L4491A Opt. 002
(2nd 34945EXT)
switch bays
(bracket mounting area)
L4491A Opt. 004 (digital IO and relay driver)
will restrict some brackets in the rear bay
Figure 1-9. L4491A Standard Option 005 Bracket Mounting Locations.
Bracket mounting within the switch bays requires the L4491A top, bottom,
and side covers to be removed (Figure 1- 1). Screw alignment within the
switch bays is upward through the bay rail and into the bracket’s captive
nut.
The rear mounting tray is a grid with spacings of 45.72 mm x 45.72 mm
between any two holes in the ‘x’ and ‘y’ directions. Screw alignment in the
rear mounting tray is downward through the bracket and into the captive
nut on the tray.
Figure 1- 10 shows example placement of switches and attenuators within
the L4491A.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
15
1
About the Instrument
(kit screws require T-20 Torx driver)
Y1174A
Y1172A
Y1175A
Y1170A
Y1173A
Y1171A
grid spacing = 45.72 mm x 45.72 mm
captive nut thread size = M4x0.7
Figure 1-10. Example Switch and Attenuator Positioning: L4491A with Option 005.

L4491A Bottom Switch Tray (Option 006)
Figure 1- 11 shows the switch tray and bracket mounting location for
L4491A Option 006.
16
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
DC Output Power Supplies
1
L4491A Controller Box
34945EXT
(master)
L4491A Option 002
L4491A Option 004
switch tray (bracket mounting area)
grid spacing = 45.72 mm x 45.72 mm
screw alignment is through bottom of tray and into bracket
(kit screws require T-20 Torx driver)
Figure 1-11. L4491A Bottom Switch Tray Option 006.
The switch tray is a grid with spacings of 45.72 mm x 45.72 mm between
any two holes in the ‘x’ and ‘y’ directions. Bracket mounting with Option
006 requires the L4491A top, bottom, and side covers to be removed
(Figure 1- 1). Screw alignment is upward through the bottom of the tray
and into the bracket’s captive nut.
NOT E
L4491A Option 006 platforms without Digital IO and Relay Drive Option 004
will have a small increase in the bracket mounting area.
Example placement of switches and attenuators on the bottom tray is
similar to those shown in Figure 1- 7 for the L4490A.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
17
1
About the Instrument
L4491A Multiport Front Panel (Option 001)
Figure 1- 12 shows L4491A multiport front panel Option 001. In order to
use Option 001 with standard switch bay Option 005, the rail assembly
behind the front panel must be removed. Figure 1- 12 shows the assembly
location and how it is removed.
18
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
About the Instrument
1
L4491A with multiport front panel Option 001
rail assembly removal required for
multiport switch installation
(remove screws from both sides)
back of front panel with rail assembly
removed and multiport switches installed
supported switches include:
87104A-C
87106A-C
87406B
87204A-C
87206A-C
87606B
L7104A-C
L7106A-C
L74204A-C
L74206A-C
Figure 1-12. Multiport Front Panel Option 001 with Standard Bay Option 005.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
19
1
About the Instrument
L4490A/L4491A Bracket Layout Guidelines
Switches installed in the L4490A platform or in the L4491A platform with
Option 006 can be mounted in any orientation that optimizes or simplifies
switch or attenuator wiring.
For the L4491A with default Option 005, switches and attenuators may be
mounted in any of the "bays" and in any combination. Figure 1- 13 shows
the typical number of given brackets (Y1170A - Y1175A) that can be
installed in a bay.
Figure 1-13. Bracket Layout Guidelines.
20
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Agilent L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform
User’s Guide
2
Hardware Configuration
Network Configuration 22
Selecting a LAN Network 22
Instrument Configuration 23
The 34945EXT Module 25
Channel Numbering 27
Internal/External Power Supply Considerations 28
Agilent Switch/Attenuator Configuration 31
Agilent N1810 / N1811 / N1812 Series Coaxial Switches 32
Agilent 87104/87106/87406 - L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206 Coaxial
Switches 33
Agilent 87204 / 87206/ 87606 Series Coaxial Switches 34
Agilent 8767/8/9M Microwave Single-Pole Multi-Throw
Switches 35
Agilent 84904/6/7 K/L and 84904/5/8M Programmable Step
Attenuators 36
Agilent 8494/5/6/7 Programmable Step Attenuators 37
Agilent 849xG/H/K Programmable Step Attenuators Option 016 38
Agilent 87222 and L7222 Coaxial Switches 39
Agilent 8762 / 8763 / 8764 Series Coaxial Switches 40
Agilent 8765 Series Coaxial Switches 41
Agilent 8766/7/8/9K Microwave Single-Pole Multi-Throw
Switches 42
Agilent U9397A / U9397C FET Solid State Switches 43
This chapter contains network, cabling, channel configuration, and switch
wiring information for the L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform and
supported switches/attenuators. Refer to this chapter for specific
information on:
• choosing between a private LAN and site LAN network
• interconnections between the PC, RF switch platform, and the
34945EXT
• channel numbering and pairing
• internal/external power supply considerations
• connecting switches and attenuators to the distribution boards
Agilent Technologies
21
2
Hardware Configuration
Network Configuration
This section contains information for choosing a network configuration (a
private or site LAN) in which to use the L4490A/L4491A.
Selecting a LAN Network
For the purposes of this manual, a private (isolated) LAN network is
defined as a network configuration in which instrument access is a direct
connection between the computer and the instrument, or to multiple
instruments connected via a dedicated router or switch. A site
(company- wide) LAN is defined as a network in which instrument access
is available to many users at on- site and remote locations.
The instrument’s application and/or your company’s IT (Information
Technology) department may have guidelines that help decide the type of
network (private or site) used. If a network configuration has not been
determined, refer to the following considerations concerning each type.
Private LAN Considerations
Among the basic parameters of a private LAN network to consider are
security, performance, reliability, and IP address availability.
Security: a private network generally involves a direct connection between
the PC and the instrument, or to multiple instruments using switches or
routers. Access to the instrument is limited to users on the private
network, as opposed to users on a site network that could locate and
access the instrument from any location. Private networks can reduce the
possibility of tests being disrupted by unplanned or unauthorized access.
Code generation for test systems on a private network is often simplified
as provisions against unauthorized users may not be required.
Performance: test systems where large amounts of data are transferred
usually have faster throughput on a private network. On a site network,
heavy and unpredictable LAN traffic affects each instrument (node) on the
network. The impact on a test system is that repeatability is difficult to
achieve as latencies are difficult to account for.
Reliability: private networks are fundamentally more reliable than site
networks as they host fewer users and are less complex than site
networks. Private networks are isolated from conditions that could bring
down (crash) a site network.
IP Address Availability: Every instrument (node) on a LAN (private or
site) has an IP (Internet Protocol) address. Due to the expanding use of
the internet, the number of site network IP addresses available is limited.
By using a router with Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
capability on a private network, the router can assign an IP address to
each instrument thus creating a sub- network (subnet) that does not
consume site IP addresses.
22
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Hardware Configuration
2
Site LAN Considerations
For applications requiring access by many users or by users at distributed
sites, a site LAN network is required. In addition to supporting multiple
users, site LANs often offer the advantage of being maintained by IT
departments.
When using a site LAN, consult your IT department regarding LAN
configuration and security issues.
Instrument Configuration
Figure 2- 1 shows the components and interconnections of the
L4490A/L4491A RF switch platform configuration.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
23
2
Hardware Configuration
LAN
Hub/Switch
*
or
* = standard LAN cables
*
LAN cross-over cable for direct PC - L4490A/L4491A
connection if PC is non Auto-MDIX (included)
L4490A/L4491A
DC Output Power Supplies
(user applications)
5V: 1A
12V: 3A fused
24V: 0.6A
(42A Max.)
+24V supplied from
L4490A/L4491A
C O N TR O L B U S
C O N TR O L B US
E x te r n a l u W S w itc/h A tte n u a to r D r iv e r
A g ile n t T e c h n o lo g ie s
E x te r n a l u W S w itc/h A tte n u a to r D r iv e r
A g ile n t T e c h n o lo g ie s
34945EXT
1
2
34945EXT
2
2
1
2
L4491A Option 002
34945EXT #2
(slave)
1
1
34945EXT #1
(master)
+24V supplied from
L4491A
3
4
4
4
3
4
3
3
EXPANSION BUS
PORT 2
PORT 1
+V
SEE MANUAL
NOT ETHERNET
EXTERNAL
I/O ACCESS
POWER INPUT
30 VDC MAX
!
!
EXPANSION BUS
PORT 2
PORT 1
+V
SEE MANUAL
NOT ETHERNET
I/O ACCESS
POWER INPUT
EXTERNAL
30 VDC MAX
supply voltage applies to all
distribution board banks on
a given module
master 34945EXT connects to second 34945EXT
through master’s Expansion Port 1; expansion ports
on slave modules are interchangeable
slave 34945EXTs allowed external to
L4490A - require external power supply(s)
E X T E R N A L
P O W E R I N PU T
3 0 V D C
M A X
L4490A Option 004: digital IO and relay driver
+V
> external supply voltages of 24V / 12V / 5V supported
> external supply required for all 34945EXT (slave)
modules external to the L4490A / L4491A
> up to seven slave 34945EXT modules allowed per
L4490A / L4491A
Figure 2-1. L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform Configuration.
24
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Hardware Configuration
2
PC to L4490A/L4491A. When connecting the PC directly to the
L4490A/L4491A, the LAN cross- over cable provided with the
L4490A/L4491A is used. If your PC supports Auto- MDIX or contains a
LAN card with Gigabit data transfer rates, the cross- over cable is not
required. A standard LAN cable may be used instead.
For network configurations (private or site) that include a LAN switch or
router between the PC and L4490A/L4491A, standard LAN cables are
used. Do not use the cross- over cable.
L4490A/L4491A to 34945EXT. The L4490A/L4491A controller box is
connected directly to the master 34945EXT and also to the second (slave)
34945EXT if installed in the L4491A (Option 002). +24V is supplied
through this connection. An external supply can also be used with the
34945EXTs for applications requiring increased switching capacity.
34945EXT to 34945EXT. L4491A Option 002 adds a second (slave) 34945EXT
module. The second 34945EXT comes connected within the L4491A chassis
to the master 34945EXT using a standard LAN cable between the master’s
Expansion Bus Port 1 and Expansion Port 2 of the second EXT module.
(The ports of all slave 34945EXTs are interchangeable.) Up to eight
34945EXT modules (including the master) can be used per L4490A or
L4491A.
34945EXT to External Power Supplies. All slave 34945EXT modules external
to the L4490A or L4491A chassis must use an external power supply or
supplies. Note that the supply voltage (+24V, +12V, +5V) applies to all
distribution board banks on the 34945EXT.
The 34945EXT Module
Microwave switches and attenuators are connected to the L4490A/L4491A
configuration through distribution boards (Y1150A - Y1155A) installed on
the 34945EXT module (Figure 2- 2).
The 34945EXT is divided into four banks organized by channel number.
Any distribution board may be installed in any bank, and multiple
distribution boards of the same type may be installed on the same
34945EXT module. Distribution boards can be installed or removed with
the L4490A/L4491A turned on; however, the channel drive source
(Figures 4- 2, 4- 3) must be off.
The “I/O ACCESS” LED on the EXT module indicates communication
sequences between the L4490A/L4491A controller box and the 34945EXT.
The Y1156A Verification Board
The optional Y1156A Verification board (not shown) is used to verify the
signal path from the PC to banks 1- 4 on the 34945EXT. Verification of the
path is recommended before connecting switches or attenuators to the
distribution boards, or if a problem is suspected. See Chapter 4 for more
information.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
25
2
Hardware Configuration
34945EXT 1
34945EXT 2
Bank 1
Ch 1101-1108
Ch 1111-1118
Bank 1
Ch 1201-1208
Ch 1211-1218
Bank 2
Ch 1121-1128
Ch 1131-1138
Bank 2
Ch 1221-1228
Ch 1231-1238
Y1150A
Y1151A
Bank 3
Ch 1141-1148
Ch 1151-1158
Bank 3
Ch 1241-1248
Ch 1251-1258
Bank 4
Ch 1161-1168
Ch 1171-1178
Bank 4
Ch 1261-1268
Ch 1271-1278
Y1152A
Y1153A
Y1154A
Y1155A
Figure 2-2. The 34945EXT Module and Y1150A-Y1155A Distribution Boards.
26
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Hardware Configuration
2
Channel Numbering
The 34945EXT in the L4490A/L4491A RF switch platform uses the
following channel numbering scheme:
1<ext #><channel>
where:
ext # is the 34945EXT module and is a single digit in the range of 1
(master) to 2 (slave - a second 34945EXT in the L4491A). Note that up
to seven slave EXT modules may be used per master 34945EXT in the
L4490A/L4491A.
channel is the channel number in the specified EXT module bank.
Channel numbers for two 34945EXT modules are shown in Figure 2- 2 and
also in the table below.
34945EXT #1 (Master)
Bank
Channels
Channels
34945EXT #2 (Slave)
Bank
Channels
Channels
Bank 1 1101 to 1108
1111 to 1118
Bank 1 1201 to 1208 1211 to 1218
Bank 2 1121 to 1128
1131 to 1138
Bank 2 1221 to 1228 1231 to 1238
Bank 3 1141 to1148
1151 to 1158
Bank 3 1241 to1248
Bank 4 1161 to 1168
1171 to 1178
Bank 4 1261 to 1268 1271 to 1278
1251 to 1258
An example of this syntax is:
ROUT:CLOS (@1141)
which closes channel 41 (bank 3) on 34945EXT module number 1 (Figure
2- 1).
A range of channels is specified as:
ROUT:CLOS (@1101:1138)
which in this example closes channels 1 (bank 1) through 38 (bank 2) on
34945EXT module number 1 (channel ranges can extend across banks).
Module- and Bank-Level Commands
Selected commands within the L4490A/L4491A SCPI command set contain
parameters that specify the 34945EXT itself, or a bank on the 34945EXT
rather than a channel list. These commands include:
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:DRIVe:MODE
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:ENABle
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:LEVel
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:PRESet
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:LIMit 
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce:BOOT
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce:IMMediate
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
27
2
Hardware Configuration
For these commands, the 34945EXT address is in the form:
1<ext #><00>
where:
ext # is the 34945EXT module and is a single digit in the range of 1
(master) to 2 (a 2nd (slave) 34945EXT in the L4491A). For example,
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 2,(@1200)
presets bank 2 on 34945EXT module 2.
Relay/Channel Relationship
The Agilent switches and attenuators listed in Table 1- 2 are latching
relays. Therefore, there is a relay coil for each switch or attenuator
position. In the factory default configuration (SYSTem:RMODule:RESet 1), a
distribution board channel is assigned to each relay coil. There are 16
channels per distribution board.
Channel Pairing
Channel numbers on the distribution boards are arranged to facilitate
channel pairing for dual- coil switches and attenuators. In paired
configurations, channels 1- 8 are paired with 11- 18 (bank 1), 21- 28 with
31- 38 (bank 2), 41- 48 with 51- 58 (bank 3), and 61- 68 with 71- 78 (bank
4). Paired channels are controlled by a single command (e.g. OPEN or
CLOSE) in which only the lower channel of the pair is specified. When a
command (OPEN or CLOSE) is sent, the operation sends a drive pulse to
either the first or second channel in the pair - either opening or closing
the channel.
For the channel pair 1/11, the following syntax:
ROUT:CLOS (@1101)
- sends a drive pulse to the upper channel (1111)
ROUT:OPEN (@1101)
- sends a drive pulse to the lower channel (1101)
Non-Paired Channels
When channel pairing is not enabled (e.g. for single- coil drive), the
channel numbers within the bank are not consecutive. The range of the 16
channels remains 1- 8/11- 18 (bank 1) ... 61- 68/71- 78 (bank 4). See the
previous page.
Internal/External Power Supply Considerations
As shown in Figure 2- 1, the channel drive source for switches and
attenuators in the L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform is provided through
the internal (or external) power supply. The internal or external supply
used must meet the quiescent (steady- state) and switching current
28
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
2
Hardware Configuration
requirements of the switches in your application. The following sections
provide additional information on these requirements and the
recommended configuration of these supplies.
Internal Supply
The master 34945EXT (Figure 2- 1) and optional second 34945EXT (Option
002) can receive their power from either the internal +24V supply of the
L4490A/L4491A or from an external supply. When using the internal +24V
supply as the channel drive source, the switching current or the switching
and quiescent currents drawn from the supply must not exceed the
supply’s specification of 600 mA continuous.
If this limit is exceeded, an overcurrent condition can occur which shuts
down the internal supply. When this happens, you must remove the
device/condition causing the overcurrent and cycle power on the L4490A
or L4491A. See “Overcurrent Conditions” in Chapter 5 for more
information.
The quiescent current of 34945EXTs driven by the internal supply is
accounted for by the supply rating and is not included in quiescent
current and switching current calculations. Only the specified currents
(quiescent, switching) of the switch must be considered.
As an example, the Agilent 87104/87106A, B, C coaxial switches specify
the following:
Supply current (switching: pulse width =15 ms:Vcc = 24 VDC): 200 mA Nom
Supply current (quiescent): 50 mA Max
Using the L4490A/L4491A internal +24V supply, the current required for
actuating a 87104/87106 switch is:
[87104 / 87106 switch quiescent current] + [87104 / 87106 switching current]
[50 mA]
= 250 mA
CAUTION
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
+
[200 mA]
(15 ms pulse, 50 mA quiescent)
The combination of switches and their power requirements often make it
difficult to determine if the capacity of the L4490A and L4491A internal +24V
supply will be exceeded. If overcurrent conditions occur repeatedly regardless
of recovery time (Chapter 5), the use of an external power supply as the
channel drive source may be required.
29
2
Hardware Configuration
External Supply
Each 34945EXT can support up to 2A continuous using an externally
connected power supply (4.75V to 30V). The actual amount of power
required by each EXT module depends on the types of switches used.
When using an external power supply with either the master 34945EXT
module or second (slave) 34945EXT module or both, the supply must be
able to provide the quiescent current requirement of the EXT module(s),
plus the quiescent and switching currents of the switches themselves.
The power requirement of the 34945EXT is 1.2W. For supported external
supply voltages of 24V, 12V, and 5V, the current required for a single EXT
module is as follows:
current = power / voltage
24V: 1.2W / 24V = 50 mA
12V: 1.2W / 12V = 100 mA
5V: 1.2W / 5V = 240 mA
If multiple EXT modules are driven by a single external supply, the power
required from the supply increases by 1.2W for each EXT module present.
Thus, if two 34945EXT modules are driven by a single supply, the power
value in the previous equations becomes 2.4W.
The second consideration regarding the external supply are the quiescent
current and switching current specifications of the switch. Using the
Agilent 87104/87106A, B, C coaxial switches from the internal supply
example, the switch specifications again are:
Supply current (switching: pulse width =15 ms:Vcc = 24 VDC): 200 mA Nom
Supply current (quiescent): 50 mA Max

The quiescent current required when switching does not occur is:
[34945EXT quiescent current from 24V] + [87104 / 87106 switch quiescent current]
[24V: 1.2W / 24V = 50 mA] + [50 mA] = 100 mA
For a single 34945EXT driven by an external supply, the current required
for actuating a 87104/87106 switch is:
[34945EXT quiescent current from 24V] + [switch quiescent current] + [switching current]
[24V: 1.2W / 24V = 50 mA] + [50 mA] + [200 mA] = 300 mA (15 ms pulse, 100 mA qui.)
In summary, quiescent current calculations must include the quiescent
current of the 34945EXT, plus the quiescent current requirement of each
switch connected to the module.
30
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Hardware Configuration
2
Similarly, switching current calculations must include the quiescent
currents of the EXT module and the switch, plus the switching (actuation
pulse) current.
Agilent Switch/Attenuator Configuration
This section contains pin definitions and orientation to assist in
connecting the Agilent switches/attenuators listed in Table 1- 2 to their
corresponding Y115x distribution boards.
Only general information is provided. Refer to the reference documents
listed in Table 1- 2 for more information on the individual switches. Refer
also to Table 1- 2 for the number of switches allowed per distribution
board.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
31
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent N1810 / N1811 / N1812 Series Coaxial Switches
Figure 2- 3 shows the pin definitions and orientation for the Y1150A,
Y1152A, and Y1154A distribution board connectors and the Agilent N181x
series switches.
Y1150A/Y1152A/Y1154A
Distribution Board Connector
(N1810 / N1811 / N1812)
2
10
1
9
Agilent N1810/1/2 
DC Connector Pin Out
Y1150A/Y1152A/Y1154A Distribution Board
N181x Connector Pins
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
GND
2
Indicator B
3
No connection
4
+VI (LED indicator)
5
Drive B
6
Indicator A
7
Drive A
8
+VI (LED indicator)
9
+VR (relay drive voltage)
10
No connection
9 7 5 3 1
8 6 4 2
Pin numbers are defined as shown - not as printed on the connector
Y1170A/Y1171A Bracket Kit Cable
or
Y1157A Cable
(distribution board end)
X
8
6
4
Y1170A/Y1171A Bracket Kit Cable
or
Y1157A Cable
(switch connector end)
2
1 3 5 7 9
2 4 6 8
9
7
5
3
1
Y1150A/Y1154A Distribution Board
LED Connector Pins
Distribution Board LED Connector
LED1 Connector
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
2
16
1
+VI
2
SW1 - A
1
+VI
2
SW5 - A
1
15
3
+VI
4
SW1 - B
3
+VI
4
SW5 - B
5
+VI
6
SW2 - A
5
+VI
6
SW6 - A
7
+VI
8
SW2 - B
7
+VI
8
SW6 - B
9
+VI
10
SW3 - A
9
+VI
10
SW7 - A
11
+VI
12
SW3 - B
11
+VI
12
SW7 - B
13
+VI
14
SW4 - A
13
+VI
14
SW8 - A
15
+VI
16
SW4 - B
15
+VI
16
SW8 - B
Figure 2-3. Agilent N1810 / N1811 / N1812 Pin Definition and Orientation.
NOT E
32
The pin information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-3 was taken
from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Hardware Configuration
2
Agilent 87104/87106/87406 - L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206 Coaxial Switches
Figure 2- 4 shows the pin definitions and orientation for the Y1151A
distribution board, the Agilent 87104, 87106, and 87406 series switches,
and the L7104, L7106, L7204, and L7206 L series switches.
Y1151A 
Distribution Board Connector
(87104 / 87106 / 87406)
(L7104 / L7106 / L7204 / L7206)
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VR
2
Indicator Common
3
Drive Path 1
4
Indicator 1
2
16
5
Drive Path 2
6
Indicator 2
1
15
7
Drive Path 3
8
Indicator 3
9
Drive Path 4
10
Indicator 4
11
Drive Path 5
12
Indicator 5
13
Drive Path 6
14
Indicator 6
15
GND
16
Open All Paths
Y1172A Bracket Kit Cable
or
Y1159A Cable
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
15
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
Agilent 87104 / 87106 / 87406
Agilent L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206
DC Connector Pin Out
87104 / 87106
L7104 / L7106 / L7204 / L7206
87406
* Paths 1 and 4 of the 87104, L7104,
and L7204 are not connected
LED1 Connector
Y1151A Distribution Board
LED Connector Pins
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VI
2
SW1 - Path 1
1
+VI
2
SW2 - Path 1
2
16
3
+VI
4
SW1 -Path 2
3
+VI
4
SW2 - Path 2
1
15
5
+VI
6
SW1 - Path 3
5
+VI
6
SW2 - Path 3
7
+VI
8
SW1 - Path 4
7
+VI
8
SW2 - Path 4
9
+VI
10
SW1 - Path 5
9
+VI
10
SW2 - Path 5
11
+VI
12
SW1 - Path 6
11
+VI
12
SW2 - Path6
13
+VI
14
Not Used
13
+VI
14
Not Used
15
+VI
16
Not Used
15
+VI
16
Not Used
Figure 2-4. Agilent 871x / 874x / L71x / L72x Pin Definition and Orientation.
NOT E
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
The pin information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-4 was taken
from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
33
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent 87204 / 87206/ 87606 Series Coaxial Switches
Figure 2- 5 shows pin definitions and orientation for the Agilent Y1152A
distribution board and the 87204, 87206, and 87606 series switches.
Y1152A
Distribution Board Connector
(87204 / 87206 / 87606)
Agilent 87204 / 87206 / 87606
DC Connector Pin Out
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VR
2
NC
2
16
3
Close 1
4
Open 1
1
15
5
Close 2
6
Open 2
7
Close 3
8
Open 3
9
Close 4
10
Open 4
11
Close 5
12
Open 5
13
Close 6
14
Open 6
15
GND
16
NC
Y1172A Bracket Kit Cable
or
Y1159A Cable
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
15
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
87204* / 87206
87606
* Paths 1 and 4 are not connected
for the 87204
LED 1 Connector
Y1152A Distribution Board
LED Connector Pins
2
16
1
15
Pins 10, 12, 14, 16 of connector
LED2 are used for the N181x series
switches. See Figure 2-3 for N181x
connector pin definitions.
LED 2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VI
2
SW1 - Close 1
1
+VI
2
SW1 - Close 5
3
+VI
4
SW1 -Open 1
3
+VI
4
SW1 -Open 5
5
+VI
6
SW1 - Close 2
5
+VI
6
SW1 - Close 6
7
+VI
8
SW1 - Open 2
7
+VI
8
SW1 - Open 6
9
+VI
10
SW1 - Close 3
9
+VI
10
SW2 - Ind A
11
+VI
12
SW1 - Open 3
11
+VI
12
SW2 - Ind B
13
+VI
14
SW1 - Close 4
13
+VI
14
SW3 - Ind A
15
+VI
16
SW1 - Open 4
15
+VI
16
SW3 - Ind B
Figure 2-5 Agilent 87204 / 87206 / 87606 Pin Definition and Orientation.
NOT E
34
The pin information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-5 was taken
from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent 8767/8/9M Microwave Single-Pole Multi-Throw Switches
Figure 2- 6 identifies the terminals of the 8767/8/9M switches and typical
connections to the Y1153A distribution board (* 8767M shown).
Y1153A
Distribution Board Connector
(876xM series)
2
10
1
9
Use Y1175A Bracket 
and
Y1158A Cable
10
8
6
4
8767M / 8768M connector
2
8767M*
9
7
5
3
1
Signal Path Control Data - 8767M (SP4T)
Port
1
2
3
+V
Select Bypass Select Bypass Select Bypass Supply
Port state
Switch actuating pin
8
11764-60001 wire color Gray
5
9
4
2
1
10
Green
White
Yellow
Red
Brown
Black
8768M
Signal Path Control Data - 8768M (SP5T)
Port
1
2
3
4
+V
Select Bypass Select Bypass Select Bypass Select Bypass Supply
Port state
Switch actuating pin
7
11764-60001 wire color Violet
6
8
5
9
4
2
1
10
Blue
Gray
Green
White
Yellow
Red
Brown
Black
8769M
Note: this is a 14-pin connector. Thus, the screw
terminals of the Y1153A (or Y1155) distribution board
must be used to connect the switch.
see Figure 2-7 for Y1153A LED connector pin definitions
Signal Path Control Data - 8769M (SP6T)
Port
Port state
1
2
3
Select Bypass Select Bypass
4
Select
5
Bypass Select Bypass
Switch actuating pin
9
8
10
7
11
6
Pin dip wire color
White
Gray
Black
Violet
Brn/Wht
Blue
4
3
Select
Bypass
+V
Supply
13
14
12
Yellow Orange Org/Wht Yel/Wht Red/Wht
Figure 2-6. Agilent 8767/8/9M Port Definitions and Connections.
NOT E
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
The terminal information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-6 was
taken from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
35
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent 84904/6/7 K/L and 84904/5/8M Programmable Step Attenuators
Figure 2- 7 identifies the pins of the 84904/6/7 K/L and 84904/5/8M step
attenuators and their connections to the Y1153A distribution board.
Y1153A
8490x series
connector and pin
locations
Distribution Board Connector
(8490x series)
2
10
1
9
Y1174A Bracket Kit Cable
or
Y1158A Cable
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
Section 1 Thru Line
2
Section 1 Atten
3
No connection
4
Section 3 Thru Line
5
Section 2 Thru Line
6
Section 4 Thru Line
7
Section 4 Atten
8
Section 2 Atten
9
Section 3 Atten
10
+VR (relay drive voltage)
1
8490x Series Pin and Attenuation Guide
Section
1
2
Thru
Line
Attn
Card
3
Thru
Line
Attn
Card
4
Thru
Line
Atten
Card
Thru
Line
Atten
Card
Actuating pin
1
2
5
8
4
9
6
7
Attenuation (dB) 84904K/L
0
1
0
2
0
4
0
4
Attenuation (dB) 84906K/L
0
10
0
20
0
30
0
30
Attenuation (dB) 84907K/L
0
10
0
20
0
40
Attenuation (dB) 84904M
0
1
0
2
0
4
0
4
Attenuation (dB) 84905M
0
10
0
20
0
30
Attenuation (dB) 84908M
0
5
0
10
0
20
0
30
+V
Supply
10
Y1153A Distribution Board LED Connector Pins
LED1 Connector
Distribution Board LED Connector
2
16
1
15
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
1
+VI
2
P101 Atten 1
1
Definition Pin
+VI
2
Definition
3
+VI
4
P101 Thru 1
3
+VI
4
P102 Thru 1
5
+VI
6
P101 Atten 2
5
+VI
6
P102 Atten 2
7
+VI
8
P101 Thru 2
7
+VI
8
P102 Thru 2
9
+VI
10
P101 Atten 3
9
+VI
10
P102 Atten 3
P102 Atten 1
11
+VI
12
P101 Thru 3
11
+VI
12
P102 Thru 3
13
+VI
14
P101Atten 4
13
+VI
14
P102 Atten 4
15
+VI
16
P101 Thru 4
15
+VI
16
P102 Thru 4
Figure 2-7. Agilent 84904/6/7 K/L Attenuator Pin Definitions and Connections.
36
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
2
Hardware Configuration
The terminal information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-7 was
taken from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
NOT E
Agilent 8494/5/6/7 Programmable Step Attenuators
Figure 2- 8 identifies the pins of the 8494/5/6/7 step attenuators and
typical connections to the Y1153A distribution board.
Y1153A
849x series plug
and pin locations
white
brown
purple
yellow
Use Y1175A Bracket Kit
red
black
blue
orange
green
849x Series Pin and Attenuation Guide
Section
1
Soleniod Coil
2
Thru
Line
Cable wire color code
Attn
Card
3
Thru
Line
purple yellow black
Attn
Card
4
Thru
Line
green orange
Atten
Card
Thru
Line
Atten
Card
+V
Supply
blue
brown
white
Red
Actuating pin
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1
Attenuation (dB) 8494G/H
0
1
0
2
0
4
0
4
0
40
Attenuation (dB) 8495G/H/K
0
10
0
20
0
40
Attenuation (dB) 8496G/H
0
10
0
20
0
40
Figure 2-8. Agilent 8494 /5 / 6 / 7 Attenuator Pin Definitions and Connections.
NOT E
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
The terminal information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-8 was
taken from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web site.
37
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent 849xG/H/K Programmable Step Attenuators Option 016
Figure 2- 9 identifies the pins of the 8494/5/6/7 Option 016 Step
Attenuators and typical connections to the Y1153A distribution board.
The Y1153A module
works with 849x series
attenuators even
though the module
silkscreen does not
show it.
Y1153A
Distribution Board Connector
(8490x, 849x Opt. 016 series)
2
10
1
9
849x series Opt. 016
connector and pin
locations

Y1158A Cable
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
Section 1 Thru Line
2
Section 1 Atten
3
No connection
4
Section 3 Thru Line
5
Section 2 Thru Line
6
Section 4 Thru Line
7
Section 4 Atten
8
Section 2 Atten
9
Section 3 Atten
10
+VR (relay drive voltage)
849x Series Opt. 016 Pin and Attenuation Guide
Section
Soleniod Coil
Cable wire color code
1
2
Thru
Line
Attn
Card
3
Thru
Line
Attn
Card
4
Thru
Line
Atten
Card
Thru
Line
purple yellow black green orange
+V
Atten Supply
Card
blue
brown
white
Red
Actuating pin
1
2
5
8
4
9
6
7
10
Attenuation (dB) 8494G/H
0
1
0
2
0
4
0
4
0
40
Attenuation (dB) 8495G/H/K
0
10
0
20
0
40
Attenuation (dB) 8496G/H
0
10
0
20
0
40
Y1153A Distribution Board LED Connector Pins
LED1 Connector
Distribution Board LED Connector
2
16
1
15
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
1
+VI
2
P101 Atten 1
1
Definition Pin
+VI
2
Definition
3
+VI
4
P101 Thru 1
3
+VI
4
P102 Thru 1
5
+VI
6
P101 Atten 2
5
+VI
6
P102 Atten 2
7
+VI
8
P101 Thru 2
7
+VI
8
P102 Thru 2
9
+VI
10
P101 Atten 3
9
+VI
10
P102 Atten 3
P102 Atten 1
11
+VI
12
P101 Thru 3
11
+VI
12
P102 Thru 3
13
+VI
14
P101Atten 4
13
+VI
14
P102 Atten 4
15
+VI
16
P101 Thru 4
15
+VI
16
P102 Thru 4
Figure 2-9. Agilent 8494 /5 / 6 / 7 Attenuator Pin Definitions and Connections.
38
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Hardware Configuration
2
Agilent 87222 and L7222 Coaxial Switches
Figure 2- 9 shows the pin definitions and orientation for the Y1154A
distribution board and the Agilent 87222 and L7222 coaxial transfer
switches.
Y1154A 
Distribution Board Connector
(87222 / L7222)
2
14
1
13
Agilent 87222 / L7222
DC Connector Pin Out
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VR
2
+VI
3
Drive A
4
Indicator A
5
Drive B
6
Indicator B
7
N.C.
8
N.C.
9
GND
10
N.C.
11
N.C.
12
N.C.
13
N.C.
14
N.C.
Y1173A Bracket Kit Cable
or
Y1158A Cable
(switch connector end)
Y1173A Bracket Kit Cable
or
Y1158A Cable
(distribution board end)
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
10 8
6
4
2
9
5
3
1
7
Y1150A/Y1154A Distribution Board
LED Connector Pins
Distribution Board LED Connector
2
16
1
15
The N181x series switches can also
be used with the Y1154A distribution
board. See Figure 2-3 for N181x
connector pin definitions.
LED1 Connector
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VI
2
SW1 - A
1
+VI
2
SW5 - A
3
+VI
4
SW1 - B
3
+VI
4
SW5 - B
5
+VI
6
SW2 - A
5
+VI
6
SW6 - A
7
+VI
8
SW2 - B
7
+VI
8
SW6 - B
9
+VI
10
SW3 - A
9
+VI
10
SW7 - A
11
+VI
12
SW3 - B
11
+VI
12
SW7 - B
13
+VI
14
SW4 - A
13
+VI
14
SW8 - A
15
+VI
16
SW4 - B
15
+VI
16
SW8 - B
Figure 2-9. Agilent 87222 / L7222 Pin Definition and Orientation.
NOT E
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
The pin information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-9 was taken
from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
39
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent 8762 / 8763 / 8764 Series Coaxial Switches
Figure 2- 10 identifies the 8762/8763/8764 switch terminals and typical
connections to the Y1155A distribution board (w/ position indication).
Y1155A
(SW# - B)
(SW# - A)
8762A/B/C
8764A/B/C
8763A/B/C
L4490A: use Y1171A bracket
L4491A: use Y1170A bracket
Y1155A Distribution Board LED Connector Pins
(paired)
LED1 Connector
8762F
‘Diagram shows 8762 and 8764 connected
with position indication.
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VI
2
SW1 - A
1
+VI
2
SW1 - B
3
+VI
4
SW2 - A
3
+VI
4
SW2 - B
5
+VI
6
SW3 - A
5
+VI
6
SW3 -B
7
+VI
8
SW4 - A
7
+VI
8
SW4 - B
9
+VI
10
SW5 - A
9
+VI
10
SW5 -B
11
+VI
12
SW6 - A
11
+VI
12
SW6 - B
13
+VI
14
SW7 - A
13
+VI
14
SW7 - B
15
+VI
16
SW8- A
15
+VI
16
SW8 - B
Figure 2-10. Agilent 8762 / 8763 / 8764 Terminal Connections.
NOT E
40
The terminal information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-10 was
taken from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent 8765 Series Coaxial Switches
Figure 2- 11 identifies the terminals of the 8765 switches and typical
connections to the Y1155A distribution board (with position indication).
Y1155A
(SW# - B)
(SW# - A)
L4490A: use Y1171A bracket
L4491A: use Y1170A bracket
8765A/B/C/D
The’ common negative’ and 
‘polarity reversal’ configurations
of the 8765 series switch are not
supported.
Y1155A Distribution Board LED Connector Pins
(paired)
LED1 Connector
8765F
( ) = solder terminal pins
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
1
+VI
2
SW1 - A
1
+VI
2
Definition
SW1 -B
3
+VI
4
SW2 - A
3
+VI
4
SW2 - B
5
+VI
6
SW3 - A
5
+VI
6
SW3 -B
7
+VI
8
SW4 - A
7
+VI
8
SW4 - B
9
+VI
10
SW5 - A
9
+VI
10
SW5 - B
11
+VI
12
SW6 - A
11
+VI
12
SW6 - B
13
+VI
14
SW7 - A
13
+VI
14
SW7 - B
15
+VI
16
SW8 - A
15
+VI
16
SW8 - B
Distribution Board LED Connector
2
16
1
15
Figure 2-11. Agilent 8765 Terminal Connections.
NOT E
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
The terminal information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-11 was
taken from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
41
2
Hardware Configuration
Agilent 8766/7/8/9K Microwave Single-Pole Multi-Throw Switches
Figure 2- 12 identifies the terminals of the 8766/7/8/9K switches and
typical connections to the Y1155A distribution board (* 8767K shown).
Y1155A
*
Violet
Yellow
Red
Black
Green
Orange
Blue
8766K
Signal Path Control Data - 8766K (SP3T)
Switching section
Section state
1
Select Bypass
Std. Viking pin
+V
Supply
2
6
Std. Viking wire color Yellow
Select
Bypass
5
8
7
1
Violet
Green
Black
Red
8767K*
Signal Path Control Data - 8767K (SP4T)
Switching section
Section state
1
2
Select Bypass Select
Std. Viking pin
8
Std. Viking wire color Green
+V
Supply
3
7
10
Black
Blue
Bypass
Select
9
6
Bypass
Orange Yellow
5
1
Violet
Red
8768K
Signal Path Control Data - 8768K (SP5T)
Switching section
Section state
8769K
1
2
3
4
Select Bypass Select Bypass Select
Bypass
Select
Bypass
Std. Viking pin
12
11
8
7
10
9
6
5
Std. Viking wire color
White
Brown
Green
Black
Blue
Orange
Yellow
Violet
Pin 1 (red wire) connected to
Use Y1175A Bracket Kit
Pin 1 (red wire) connected to
Signal Path Control Data - 8769K (SP6T)
Switching section
Section state
1
2
3
4
Select Bypass Select Bypass Select
5
Bypass
Select
Bypass
Select
Bypass
Std. Viking pin
12
11
8
7
10
9
6
5
3
4
Std. Viking wire color
White
Brown
Green
Black
Blue
Orange
Yellow
Violet
Gray
Wht/Red
Figure 2-12. Agilent 8766/7/8/9K Section Definitions and Connections.
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L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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Hardware Configuration
The terminal information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-12 was
taken from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
NOT E
Agilent U9397A / U9397C FET Solid State Switches
Figure 2- 13 identifies the terminals of the U9397A/C switches and typical
connections to the Y1155A distribution board (with position indication).
Y1155A
Use Y1170A or Y1171A Bracket Kit
(no cables)
Y1155A Distribution Board LED Connector Pins
(un-paired)
LED1 Connector
Distribution Board LED Connector
2
16
1
15
LED2 Connector
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
+VI
2
SW1
1
+VI
2
SW11
3
+VI
4
SW2
3
+VI
4
SW12
5
+VI
6
SW3
5
+VI
6
SW13
7
+VI
8
SW4
7
+VI
8
SW14
9
+VI
10
SW5
9
+VI
10
SW15
11
+VI
12
SW6
11
+VI
12
SW16
13
+VI
14
SW7
13
+VI
14
SW17
15
+VI
16
SW8
15
+VI
16
SW18
Figure 2-13. Agilent U9397A / U9397C Connector Definitions and Connections.
NOT E
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
The terminal information for the Agilent switches shown in Figure 2-13 was
taken from the reference documents listed in Table 1-2. Refer to Table 1-2 for
information on accessing these documents from the Agilent web-site.
43
2
44
Hardware Configuration
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Agilent L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform
User’s Guide
3
Software Installation and Configuration
Software Requirements 46
Installing the Agilent IO Libraries 47
Installing Instrument Drivers 48
Adding Instruments to the Interface 49
Configuring the LAN Interface 49
Configuring the GPIB Interface 53
Using Interactive IO 56
Applying Power 57
LAN Default Configuration 58
Firmware and Driver Updates 58
Downloading and Installing the Update Utility 58
Downloading the Firmware Update 59
Installing the Firmware Update 59
Updating the L4491A with Option 002 61
Downloading IVI-COM Driver and LabVIEW Driver Updates
63
This chapter contains information on IO libraries and drivers required to
program the L4490A/L4491A from selected development environments. The
chapter also provides information on configuring the instrument’s LAN
and GPIB interfaces and on updating the instrument firmware.
Refer to this chapter for specific information on:
• development environments and IO library/driver requirements
• installing the Agilent IO Libraries
• installing IVI (instrument) drivers
• LAN and GPIB configuration using Agilent Connection Expert
• updating the L4490A/L4491A firmware and IVI Drivers
Agilent Technologies
45
3
Software Installation and Configuration
Software Requirements
The manner and environments available to program the L4490A/L4491A
are dependent upon the IO libraries and drivers installed. The IO software
included with the L4490A/L4491A is contained on the following CDs:
• Agilent Automation- Ready CD: Agilent IO Libraries Suite 15.0
• Agilent L4490A/L4491A Product Reference CD- ROM: 
 IVI- C, IVI- COM Drivers
 National Instrument LabVIEW
Table 3- 1 summarizes the environments, IO driver recommendations, and
the location (media) where the specific drivers and libraries can be found.
Table 3-1. L4490A/L4491A Development Environments and Drivers.
Development Environment
LAN
Web-enabled instrument interface
> SCPI Command Interface window
Java-enabled Web browser
(available from www.java.com)
LAN, GPIB
Agilent Connection Expert
> Interactive IO window
Agilent IO Libraries
LAN, GPIB
Microsoft® Visual Studio® 6.0
> Visual C++
VISA - Agilent IO Libraries CD
or
IVI-C - Product Reference CD
LAN, GPIB
Microsoft® Visual Studio® 6.0
> Visual Basic
VISA-COM - Agilent IO Libraries
or
IVI-COM - Product Reference CD
LAN, GPIB
Microsoft® Visual Studio® .NET
> CSharp, C++, Visual Basic 7.0
VISA-COM - Agilent IO Libraries
or
IVI-COM - Product Reference CD
LAN, GPIB
Agilent VEE
IVI-COM - Product Reference CD
LAN, GPIB
National Instruments LabVIEW
LabVIEW Plug&Play (with L44xx
native mode driver)
IVI-C - Product Reference CD
LAN, GPIB
National Instruments LabWindows/CVI
IVI-C - Product Reference CD
NOT E
46
IO Driver Recommendations
Interface
Programming the L4490A/L4491A from the instrument’s Web interface
requires a Web-browser but no additional (i.e. user-installed) instrument drivers
or libraries. The Web interface provides full access to RF switch platform
functionality and its IO command log feature logs (SCPI) commands sent to the
instrument via interface dialog boxes. The commands can then be copied and
transferred to other development environments. Refer to Chapter 4 for more
information on programming using the Web interface.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Software Installation and Configuration
3
Installing the Agilent IO Libraries
The Agilent IO Libraries include the VISA and VISA- COM libraries used
for programming the L4490A/L4491A in Microsoft development environments (Table 3- 1). The VISA and VISA- COM libraries allow you to send
commands from the L4490A/L4491A SCPI command set to the instrument
(see “L4490A/L4491A Programmers Reference Help” on the Product Reference CD- ROM). The IO libraries also include the ‘Configuration Expert’
utility described later in this chapter.
The Agilent IO Libraries must be installed prior to installing drivers (e.g.
IVI-C, IVI-COM) from the L4490A/L4491A Product Reference CD or from
any other source.
NOT E
The IO Libraries are contained on the Agilent Automation- Ready CD or may be
downloaded from the Agilent website at:
http://www.agilent.com/find/iosuite
Before installing the IO libraries, review Table 3- 2 to verify that your
computer meets the specifications required for the software.
Table 3-2. Agilent IO Libraries Suite System Requirements.
Processor
Operating System
450 MHz Intel Pentium® II or higher
Windows XP Professional or Home Edition (Service Pack 1 or later)
Windows 2000 Professional (Service Pack 4 or later)
Web Browser
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.01 or greater (recommended)
Available Memory
128 MB (256 MB or greater recommended)
Available Disk Space
225 MB required for installation:
- 160 MB for Microsoft .NET Framework
- 65 MB for Agilent IO Libraries Suite
175 MB required for operation:
- 110 MB for Microsoft .NET Framework
- 65 MB for Agilent IO Libraries Suite
Video
Super VGA (800x600) with 256 colors
Close all applications on your computer. Insert the Agilent Automation- Ready CD into the CD- ROM drive. Follow the instructions as
prompted for a typical installation. Accept all default directories specified.

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Software Installation and Configuration
If the IO libraries installation does not start automatically, select Start >
Run from the Windows Start menu and type <drive>:\autorun\auto.exe
where <drive> is the designator of the CD- ROM drive.
NOT E
If another vendor’s implementation of VISA (Virtual Instrument Software
Architecture) is currently installed on your computer, continue installation of
the Agilent IO Libraries by installing Agilent VISA in side-by-side mode. More
information on side-by-side operation can be found in the “IO Libraries Suite
Help” (available after installation is complete) under “Using Agilent’s and
Other Vendors’ Products Together”.
After the IO libraries have been successfully installed, you have the option
of starting ‘Connection Expert’ or closing the installation wizard. If you
choose to start Connection Expert, continue with the ”Interface Configuration” section of this chapter. Otherwise, continue with instrument driver
installation as described below.
Installing Instrument Drivers
Interchangeable Virtual Instrument (IVI) drivers are available for programming the L4490A/L4491A using Microsoft development environments,
Agilent VEE, or National Instruments LabVIEW (see Table 3- 1). Insert
the Agilent L4490A/L4491A Product Reference CD- ROM into your computer. The installation program will open the window shown in Figure 3- 1.
NOT E
48
Installing the Agilent IO Libraries also installs the Interchangeable Virtual
Instrument (IVI) Shared Components. The IVI Shared Components are
required before IVI drivers (e.g. IVI-COM, IVI-C) can be installed from the
L4490A/L4491A Product Reference CD.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Software Installation and Configuration
3
Figure 3-1. Product Reference CD-ROM Software (& Driver) Menu.
Install the appropriate driver based on the development environment you
are using. Accept all default directories specified during installation if
prompted. Setup type “Typical” is applicable for most users. (As previously noted, installing the Agilent IO Libraries installs the IVI Shared
Components.)
Adding Instruments to the Interface
This section contains information for configuring the L4490A/L4491A LAN
and GPIB interfaces using the Agilent IO Libraries ‘Connection Expert’
utility.
Configuring the LAN Interface
With the L4490A/L4491A turned on and connected to the PC (Chapter 2:
Figure 2- 1), start the Connection Expert utility by clicking the ‘IO
(control)’ icon and selecting “Agilent Connection Expert” from the pop up
menu as shown in Figure 3- 2.
NOT E
The procedure for using Agilent Connection Expert to locate and configure the
L4490A/L4491A is independent of the type of network you are using (private
or site) and the network devices present (switches or routers).
Figures of the following Agilent Connection Expert windows represent Agilent
IO Libraries Suite 15.0.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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Software Installation and Configuration
clicking the icon opens the
pop-up menu
Figure 3-2. Starting Connection Expert.
Locating the Instruments
Agilent Connection Expert opens with a “welcome screen” and window
similar to that shown in Figure 3- 3. The computer interfaces available are
configured during installation of the Agilent IO Libraries and are displayed
in the left column (Explorer pane), the properties of the configured
interface are displayed in the right column (Properties pane).
Explorer Pane
Properties Pane
Figure 3-3. Agilent Connection Expert (ACE) Opening Window.
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3
To search the network for instruments, click on “Add Instrument” located
on the Connection Expert tool bar. From the “Add Instrument” window,
select the LAN (TCPIP0) interface and click on ‘OK’. See Figure 3- 4.
Figure 3-4. Agilent Connection Expert “Add Instrument” Window.
After clicking ‘OK’, Agilent Connection Expert (version 15) performs an
automatic find (search) of all instruments on the same subnet as the computer. An example of instruments found on a subnet is shown in Figure
3- 5.
The “Add LAN Instruments” window identifies the instrument’s IP address,
MAC address, host name, and product number. In the example of Figure
3- 5, the instrument is connected to the PC via a LAN switch with no
DHCP server present. Thus, the host name is not registered and access to
the instrument is through its IP address.
“Select” the desired instruments from the list and then click ‘OK’. Communication paths to the instruments are verified and the instruments are
added to the configured interface. The instruments appear in the Agilent
Connection Expert Explorer pane (Figure 3- 3). Selecting the instrument in
the Explorer pane displays its properties in the Properties pane.
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Software Installation and Configuration
Click to add selected instrument
to the configured interface
Figure 3-5. Instruments Found on a Local Subnet.
About IP Addresses and Host names
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Automatic IP are
enabled on the L4490A/L4491A when shipped from Agilent. This allows
the instrument to automatically obtain an address on the network. If there
is a DHCP server on the network, the server will assign the address to the
instrument.
If there is not a DHCP server on the network, the L4490A/L4491A will
automatically determine the address to use. The address will be in the
range 169.254.1.1 to 169.254.255.255. If available, the instrument will try
to acquire its default setting of 169.254.44.88.
Host Names The L4490A/L4491A has a default host name. The format of
the host name is:
a-l449xa-yyyyy
where ‘yyyyy’ are the last five digits of the instrument’s serial number.
The instrument host name is reported by Agilent Connection Expert for
network servers that support Dynamic Domain Name Service (DNS). For
52
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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3
network servers that do not support Dynamic DNS, only the IP address is
reported.
Instrument Addressing During programming, the L4490A/L4491A is accessed
through its address string which consists of an IP address:
TCPIP0::169.254.44.88::inst0::INSTR
or host name:
TCPIP0::A-L449XA-00118.agilent.com::inst0::INSTR
NOT E
A powerful tool for programming the L4490A/L4491A is the instrument’s Web
interface. The Web interface provides full access to L4490A/L4491A
functionality and its IO command log feature logs (SCPI) commands sent to the
instrument via interface dialog boxes. The commands can then be copied and
transferred to other development environments. Chapter 4 contains detailed
information on accessing and using the Web interface.
Configuring the GPIB Interface
NOT E
The following information assumes a GPIB interface card has been installed in
your computer.

The L4490A/L4491A is an Agilent web-enabled instrument that offers a user
interface which requires no user-installed IO drivers. Access to the instrument
via the Web interface, however, is only available through the LAN connection.
Programming access to the L4490A/L4491A is also available through the
instrument’s optional GPIB interface. The GPIB connector is located on
the rear panel of the instrument. Simultaneous LAN and GPIB connections
to the instrument are allowed. The following information describes how
instruments on the GPIB interface are configured using Agilent Connection
Expert.
GPIB Connections
GPIB cables can be connected to the PC in a “star” (all cables connect
directly to the computer) or “linear” (instrument to instrument) configuration.
Starting Agilent Connection Expert
Start Connection Expert by clicking the Agilent Control icon and selecting
“Agilent Connection Expert” from the pop- up menu (Figure 3- 2). If a GPIB
card is installed in your computer, the (GPIB) interface was configured
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Software Installation and Configuration
during installation of the Agilent IO libraries and is displayed in the left
column (Explorer pane) of the “welcome” screen (Figure 3- 6).
GPIB interface present
Figure 3-6. Adding Instruments to the GPIB Interface.
Adding Instruments to the GPIB Configuration
In the Connect Expert window, select “Add Instrument” on the tool bar.
Select the GPIB interface in the “Add Instrument” window and click ‘OK’
(Figure 3- 6).
In the ‘New GPIB Instrument’ window, select the L4490A/L4491A’s GPIB
address (note: factory- set address = 9) and click ‘OK’.
Connection Expert will attempt to establish a communication path to the
instrument. If the L4490A/L4491A is at the address specified, the instrument will be added to the list of GPIB- configured instruments.
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NOT E
If the L4490A/L4491A GPIB address is unknown, the address can be queried
from the LAN interface by sending the following command from the
‘Interactive IO’ or ‘SCPI Command Interface’ window:
SYSTEM:COMMunicate:GPIB:ADDRess?
See “Using Interactive IO” for more information.
The GPIB Address String
When programming the L4490A/L4491A over GPIB, the instrument’s GPIB
address is included in the address string as shown below:
GPIB0::9::INSTR
Changing the GPIB Address
The L4490A/L4491A GPIB address can only be changed programmatically.
The command used to set the GPIB address is:
SYSTem:COMMunicate:GPIB:ADDRess < address >
The command can be abbreviated by including only the upper- case letters
in the command syntax. The command can be sent from the ‘Interactive
IO’ window, or from the ‘SCPI Command Interface’ window - via a LAN
connection.
When the address is changed, the new GPIB address IS NOT updated in
Connection Expert if the instrument was previously configured.
From the Connection Expert window, highlight the instrument whose
address was changed and then select ‘Change Properties ...”. Within the
configurable properties window, change the address to the new address
setting and select ‘OK’ (Figure 3- 6).
The Web-Enabled Instrument Interface and Interactive IO
The Web- enabled instrument interface featured in Chapter 4 is not available from the GPIB interface.
For GPIB operations, the Connection Expert ‘Interactive IO’ utility can be
used to send SCPI commands from the L4490A/L4491A command set to
the instrument. See the section “Using Interactive IO” for more information.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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Software Installation and Configuration
Using Interactive IO
The Connection Expert ‘Interactive IO’ utility provides another method
(Table 3- 1) of sending commands to the L4490A/L4491A. Similar to the
‘SCPI Command Interface’ window of the web- enabled interface, Interactive IO allows you to send any command in the L4490A/L4491A SCPI
command set to the instrument. Interactive IO can be used to:
• troubleshoot communication problems
• issue a “device clear”
• learn the instrument's command set
• prototype commands and verify (instrument) responses before writing
code
Interactive IO is available via the instrument’s GPIB interface. Figure 3- 7
shows how Interactive IO is started from Connection Expert.
select Interactive IO
select instrument
Figure 3-7. Selecting an Instrument and Starting Interactive IO.
NOT E
56
If the Interactive IO window is used to send the self-test (*TST?) command to
the L4490A/L4491A, the “timeout” period may have to be increased to allow
the results to be returned. This is done using the ‘Options’ link on the
Interactive IO window.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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3
Applying Power
When power is applied to the L4490A/L4491A, the instrument enters its
power- on sequence which requires several seconds to complete. The front
panel LEDs:
ATTN
LAN
PWR
provide information on the state of the instrument during power- on and
during upgrades of the instrument firmware. Table 3- 3 identifies the
instrument states based on the color and functioning of the LEDs.

Table 3-3. L4490A / L4491A LED Definitions and Instrument States.
LED
Color
Instrument State
ATTN
LAN
PWR
Off
Green
Green
Instrument in “ready” state
LAN connection established
- instrument has an IP address
Firmware download complete
ATTN
LAN
PWR
Off
Off
Off
Instrument is not turned on, and may or may
not be connected to line power.
ATTN
LAN
PWR
flashing
flashing
Green
Power-on/boot-up. ATTN and LAN will flash
red and then green during the power-on
self-test.
ATTN
LAN
PWR
Off
Red
Green
No LAN connection due to:
- disconnected LAN cable
- failure to acquire an IP address
- waiting for DHCP-assigned address
ATTN
LAN
PWR
Green (flashing)
Green
Green
Instrument Busy State
- firmware download (LAN LED red if
download over GPIB)
- lengthy instrument operation in progress
ATTN
LAN
PWR
Red (flashing)
Green
Green
Instrument programming error or self-test
error. Error queue is read using 
SYSTem:ERRor?
ATTN
LAN
PWR
Off
Green (flashing)
Green
Instrument identification. Activated from
instrument Web interface:
ON: Turn on Front Panel Interface Indicator
OFF: Turn off Front Panel Interface Indicator
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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Software Installation and Configuration
LAN Default Configuration
If necessary, pressing the recessed ‘LAN Reset’ button on the front or rear
panel of the L4490A/L4491A will restore the instrument’s default LAN
configuration. Table 3- 4 lists the default LAN configuration settings.

Table 3-4. Default LAN Configuration Settings.
Default (Reset) Setting
LAN Parameter
DHCP
ON
Automatic IP Addressing
ON
IP Settings if DHCP Server
Unavailable
IP Address: 169.254.44.88 (default)
Subnet Mask: 255.255.0.0
Default Gateway: 0.0.0.0
DNS Server
0.0.0.0 (may be assigned by the DHCP server)
Host Name (registered with
DDNS if available)
A-product number-last 5 digits of serial number
Net BIOS
ON
LAN Keep Alive
1800 (seconds)
Ethernet Connection Monitoring
ON - instrument monitors its LAN connection;
will attempt to automatically reconnect if disconnected from network.
Password
None (disabled)
Firmware and Driver Updates
Firmware and driver updates (when available) for the L4490A/L4491A are
available via the Web. This section contains information for locating and
downloading the updates to your computer, and then installing the
updates in the instrument.
Downloading and Installing the Update Utility
L4490A/L4491A firmware updates are installed in the instrument using
the Agilent Firmware Update Utility. The utility and firmware update can
be found on the Web at either:
www.agilent.com/find/L449xA
www.agilent.com/find/L4490A
www.agilent.com/find/L4491A
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Once this page is displayed, highlight ‘Technical Support’ and from the
Technical Support window select ‘Drivers and Software’. Within the drivers and software list, scroll to and select:

L449xA Firmware Update revision <revision number>

From this window, go to ‘Documents and Downloads’ and select:

Agilent L449xA Firmware Update Utility
When prompted, select ‘Run’ to install the utility. The default installation
directory is C:\Program Files\Agilent\Firmware Update Utility. The utility
will also be added to the ‘start’ menu under “Agilent”.
Downloading the Firmware Update
Return to the Web page and under “Documents & Downloads and select:

Agilent L449xA Firmware Revision <revision number>
When prompted, select ‘Run’ to extract and download the file to your PC.
Note the directory location as you will need to specify the path to the
firmware file when you run the update utility.
NOT E
Depending on the interface to the L4490A/L4491A, the firmware update utility
will require the instrument’s LAN or GPIB address. Note this address before
starting the utility.
Installing the Firmware Update
Updating the L4490A/L4491A firmware involves updating firmware in the
instrument controller box and in the 34945EXT module. For L4491A
instruments with Option 002 - a second 34945EXT module, the update
procedure must be repeated for that module.
1. From the installation directory or ‘start’ menu, start the utility and
select ‘Next’ until the window shown in Figure 3- 8 appears.

2. Using the ‘Browse’ button, specify the path to the firmware file. Once
specified, the instrument model number will appear in the ‘Applicable
Model’ window along with the revision and instrument description. Select
‘Next’.
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Software Installation and Configuration
Figure 3-8. Firmware Update Utility File Selection Window.
NOT E
The ‘Applicable Model’ window lists the instruments which may be updated by
the specified firmware (.xs) image. The window is not used to select the
instrument receiving the firmware update.
3. Select the I/O interface between the PC and the instrument and then
select ‘Next’. Enter the machine name/IP address or GPIB address as
prompted (Figure 3- 9). Select ‘Update’ to start the update process.
4. The update process takes several minutes to complete. The front panel
‘ATTN’ LED (Table 3- 3) will flash green during this time. DO NOT cycle
power on the instrument during the process.
When there is no longer instrument activity as indicated by the front
panel LEDs (Table 3- 3), cycle power on the instrument.
To verify that the L4490A/L4491A controller box and the 34945EXT have
the same firmware revision, the following commands can be sent from the
Interactive IO utility within Agilent Configuration Expert:

SYST:CTYPE? 1
!returns firmware revision of the controller box

SYST:CTYPE:RMOD? (@1100)
!returns firmware revision of the 34945EXT
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Figure 3-9. Specifying the Instrument Address.
NOT E
Following a firmware update, Agilent Connection Expert may report that the
L4490A/L4491A configuration has changed. This is represented by a yellow
triangle and an exclamation point (!) next to the updated instrument. Select the
instrument name, select ‘Change Properties’, and then select either ‘Test
Connection’ or ‘Identify Instrument’ to update Connection Expert.
Updating the L4491A with Option 002
For L4491As with Option 002 - a second 34945EXT module, steps 1- 4 of
the firmware update procedure must be repeated with the L4491A
controller box connected via ribbon cable to the “Control Bus” port of the
second 34945EXT. Steps 5- 7 describe how to access the cable and move it
to the second 34945EXT.
5. Turn off the L4491A and disconnect the power cord. Remove the top
and bottom covers of the L4491A as shown in Figure 1- 1.
6. Facing the back of the instrument, locate the ribbon cable leading from
the controller box to the “Control Bus” port of the master (right side)
34945EXT. Remove the two screws connecting the ribbon cable to the port
(Figure 3- 10).
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7. Remove the ribbon cable from the plastic clamps, then route the cable
to the second (left side) 34945EXT and connect it to the Control Bus port.
Note that the port terminals are inverted relative to the terminals of the
right 34945EXT. Insure the ribbon cable is securely connected to the left
side 34945EXT port. It is not necessary to insert the screws.
L4491A rear view
34945EXT #1 (master)
34945EXT #2 (L4491A Option 002)
Control Bus port
ribbon cable routing
(behind)
ribbon cable connector
bottom screw access
connect ribbon cable to 34945EXT #2
(Control Bus port is inverted relative to 34945EXT #1)
Figure 3-10. Removing the Ribbon Cable from the “Master” 34945EXT.

8. Place the L4491A in a stable position and reconnect the power cord and
LAN cable (if removed). Turn on the L4491A.
CAUTION
Use care when handling the L4491A chassis with the top and bottom covers
removed as components within the chassis are susceptible to damage from
ESD.
9. Repeat steps 1- 4 to update the firmware on the second 34945EXT. Once
the update completes (step 4), turn off the L4491A and disconnect the
power cord. 

Remove the ribbon cable from the second 34945EXT and reconnect it to
the master (right side) 34945EXT. Re- insert the excess cable in the clamps
and re- insert and tighten the cable connector screws.
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
10. Re- install the top and bottom covers, connect the power cord, and turn
on the instrument.
To verify that the second 34945EXT has the same firmware revision as the
controller box and the master 34945EXT, the following command can be
sent from the Interactive IO utility within Agilent Configuration Expert:

SYST:CTYPE:RMOD? (@1200)
NOT E
!returns firmware revision of 2nd 34945EXT
For L4490A and L4491A systems with 34945EXT modules external to the
chassis, the firmware update procedure must be repeated for each 34945EXT.
Connect the external 34945EXT (one at a time) directly to the L4490A or
L4491A controller box with the ribbon cable that is used to connect to the
master 34945EXT (see Figure 2-1).
Downloading IVI-COM Driver and LabVIEW Driver Updates
IVI- COM and LabVIEW drivers for the L4490A/L4491A are provided on the
Product Reference CD- ROM that ships with the product. Updates to these
drivers can be found on the Web at either:
www.agilent.com/find/L449xA
www.agilent.com/find/L4490A
www.agilent.com/find/L4491A
Once this page is displayed, highlight ‘Technical Support’ and from the
Technical Support window select ‘Drivers and Software’. The drivers and
associated ‘readme’ files are located within this list.
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Agilent L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform
User’s Guide
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Introduction to Programming
Getting Started with the L4490A/L4491A Web-Enabled Interface 66
Connecting to the Instrument and Viewing its Home Page 67
An Overview of the ‘Browser Web Control’ Page 67
SCPI Command Interface 72
Logging SCPI Commands 73
System Verification 75
Switch and Attenuator Programming 80
Agilent N1810/N1811/N1812 Series Switches 80
Agilent 87104/87106/87406 - L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206
Switches 82
Agilent 87204 / 87206 Series and 87606 Switches 84
Agilent 8490x Series / 849x Series Attenuators and 876xM Series
Switches 86
Agilent 87222 Series and L7222C Switches 88
Agilent 876x Series and U9397A/C Switches 90
Sequence Programming 92
Using L4490A/L4491A Digital IO and Relay Driver Option 004 93
Connector Pin Definitions 93
Configuring the Digital IO and Relay Drive Lines 96
Restoring L4490A/L4491A Factory Settings 97
This chapter contains information on using the L4490A/L4491A built- in
Web interface for switch and attenuator control.
Refer to this chapter for specific information on:
• opening the instrument’s Web interface
• the instrument’s home Web page
• logging SCPI commands for transfer to other programming environments
• L4490A/L4491A signal path verification
• using the Web interface to configure the 34945EXT and distribution
boards, and to control channels
• using programming sequences
• using L4490A/L4491A Option 004
• power- on and reset settings
Agilent Technologies
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Web page menu
click to toggle front panel ‘LAN’ indicator
“Advanced Information” shown
Figure 4- 1. The L4490A/L4491A Programming Home Page.
Getting Started with the L4490A/L4491A Web-Enabled Interface
By far, the easiest way to begin programming the L4490A/L4491A RF
Switch Platform is through the instrument’s built- in Web server. As
mentioned in Chapter 3 (Table 3- 1), the Web server’s instrument interface
requires a Java- enabled Web browser, but no additional user- installed
drivers or libraries. Full access to the instrument’s functionality is
available through the interface.
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This section describes the Web pages and windows primarily
used to program the 34945EXT module within the RF switch
platform. Refer to “Help with this Page” associated with each
Web page for additional information on functions or pages
not covered in this manual.
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Connecting to the Instrument and Viewing its Home Page
With the RF switch platform and 34945EXT(s) connected as shown in
Figure 2- 1, connect the switch platform to the PC using one of the options
shown. Note that a LAN cross- over cable is only required for a direct
connection between the instrument and the PC, and only if the PC does
not have Auto- MDIX (Gigabit Ethernet).
Obtaining the Host Name or IP Address
In order to connect a Web browser to the instrument, the L4490A/L4491A
host name or IP address is required. The host name set at the factory has
the format:
a- l449xa- yyyyy
where ‘yyyyy’ are the last five digits of the instrument’s serial number. The
serial number of the L4490A/L4491A is located on the back of the
instrument.
The L4490A/L4491A IP address can be determined using ‘Agilent
Connection Expert ’ as described in the section “Adding Instruments to
the Interface” in Chapter 3.
Start the computer’s web browser and enter the host name or IP address
in the browser’s address window. The L4490A/L4491A home page should
appear as shown in Figure 4- 1.
The instrument home page displays IO information, can be used to identify
a connected instrument, and contains the menu tabs for accessing other
Web pages and additional instrument functionality.
An Overview of the ‘Browser Web Control’ Page
Configuration of the 34945EXT, distribution boards, and switch/attenuator
channels occurs through the ‘Browser Web Control’ page. Clicking the
‘Browser Web Control’ tab on the home page opens the page shown in
Figure 4- 2.
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SCPI programming interface
SCPI command logging
selects the 34945EXT (1-2)
switches per distribution board
SYST:CPON 1
bank
diagram
34945EXT configuration
distribution board installed
Distribution board configuration
Switch/Attenuator channel configuration
Figure 4- 2. 34945EXT, Distribution Board, and Channel Configuration.
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Observe Only / Allow Full Control
These settings disable/enable control of the 34945EXT from the Web
interface. When ‘Observe Only’ is set, many of the features programmable
from the dialog boxes (Configure Bank 1..., Configure Module..., etc.) are
disabled.
Viewing Remote Modules
The remote module is the 34945EXT module within the L4490A/L4491A
(Figure 2- 1). L4491A Option 002 adds a second 34945EXT to the L4491A
platform. The L4490A/L4491A can support up to eight 34945EXT modules
external to the switch platform. The remote module currently selected is
the one configured by the interface.
Remote Module (34945EXT) Configuration Window
The remote module (34945EXT) configuration window provides settings
that apply to all banks (i.e. distribution boards) on the EXT module.
Figure 4-3. The Remote Module Configuration Window.
These settings include:
• channel drive source - this is the source of the power supply for the
EXT module. For the master 34945EXT, valid sources are off, internal,
and external. For all slave 34945EXTs, valid sources are off and
external. 
Note that the channel drive source must be off prior to configuring
individual switches or attenuators (see “Switch/Attenuator Channel
Configuration Window”).
• number of simultaneous operations - this sets the number of
simultaneous channel activations (open/close) per command. For
example, given a list of four channels and a specified number of four
operations, a single open or close command will attempt to open/close
all four channels simultaneously.
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This feature is limited to external channel drive sources (power
supplies) with the capability to drive multiple channels.
• boot/reset channel drive - this parameter specifies the channel drive
source setting following a re- boot (power- up) or reset of the instrument.
Switch/Attenuator Channel Configuration Window
The switch/attenuator channel configuration window is opened by
right- clicking near the ‘IsOpen’ or ‘IsClosed’ labels on the ‘programming
diagram’.
Figure 4-4. The Switch/Attenuator Channel Configuration Window.
The configuration window applies to the individual channels on the
distribution board. The parameters of this window include:
• operation mode - enables channel pairing for dual- coil devices.
• channel state after boot or Reset - specifies the channel state
(opened, closed) following power- on or reset (assumes boot/reset
channel drive state is set).
• activation type - specifies pulsed or continuous drive current.
• pulse width - specifies the pulse width of the drive current.
• recovery time - specifies the period between activation pulses
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• settle time - specifies the time allowed for the switch/attenuator
operation to complete.
• verification - enables and disables electronic verification of the
programmed switch state.
• verification polarity - set the logic polarity of the expected switch
position indicator signal.
Bank (Distribution Board) Configuration Window
The distribution board bank configuration window provides settings for the
individual banks on the 34945EXT.
Figure 4-5. The Bank (Distribution Board) Configuration Window.
These settings include:
• LED drive control - enables and disables the distribution board LED
drives (LEDs not included) which reflect the position indicator states of
the connected switches or attenuators.
• LED drive level - sets the amount of current which controls LED
brightness. 
• channel drive type - sets the current drive mode (TTL or Open
Collector) for the specified channels.
• Preset Bank - this command sets the bank configuration to conform to
the switches supported by the distribution board installed. The
programming of any switch or attenuator must begin by presetting
the bank.
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Legend
When enabled, channel verification [V] and pairing ]P] (channel/attenuator
configuration window) are indicated in the channel “bar”. Switch actuation
is either continuous or pulsed. Pulsed operation is either open collector
(falling edge) or TTL (rising edge).
Bank Diagram
The Bank diagram provides direct switch control (open, close), and
identifies channel numbering within the bank and switch status. The
channel configuration can also be changed from the preset state as
required.
Position Indicator The ‘Position Indicator’ column indicates the state of
each switch after the position has been electronically verified. The Agilent
switches and attenuators listed in Table 1- 2 are latching relays and,
therefore, there is a relay coil (channel) for each switch position.
IsOpen/IsClosed This indicator identifies which operation (open or close)
was last selected using the channel’s ‘Open’ or ‘Close’ button on the
programming diagram. It may not indicate the actual switch state as the
switch position is not electronically verified.
SCPI Command Interface
The SCPI programming interface window (Figures 4- 2 and 4- 6) enables
you to send any command in the L4490A/L4491A (34945EXT) SCPI
command set to the instrument.
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Figure 4- 6. Sending Commands from the SCPI Command
Interface.
Once the command is entered, selecting ‘Write’ sends the command to the
instrument. As mentioned before, commands sent from this interface are
also logged (except query commands) and can be copied to other
environments.
Logging SCPI Commands
The System Overview window (Figures 4- 2 and 4- 7) is used to view SCPI
commands sent to the instrument as it is configured using the windows of
the ‘Browser Web Control Page’. Once the desired configuration is set, the
corresponding (logged) commands can be copied and pasted into other
development environments.
Commands sent from any IO environment (e.g. Web windows, Agilent
Connection Expert Interactive IO, Microsoft development environments) to
the instrument are logged. Query commands (those which return data)
sent from any Web interface window are not logged.
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Figure 4- 7. Logging SCPI Commands within the System Overview Window.
To view commands, select “Read/Clear Remote I/O Traffic Log” and then
select “Generate Report” after the desired configuration has been set.
Logged commands are listed in the order received by the instrument.
Commands may be listed individually or as part of a command string.
Note that when changing the (34945EXT) module, bank, or channel
configuration using the windows shown in Figure 4- 2, the SCPI commands
associated with all parameters set by the given window are logged. For
example, changing the channel settling time to 15 ms using the bank 2
channel configuration window causes the following string of commands to
be logged and sent to the instrument:
ROUT:CHAN:LAB "SW 1",(@1121);:ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE
ON,(@1121);:ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB ON,(@1121);:ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL
NORM,(@1121);:ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1121);SETT
0.015,(@1121);:ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1121);WIDTH
0.015,(@1121);:ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:OPEN:DEF (@1121)
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If sent individually they would appear as:
ROUT:CHAN:LAB "SW 1",(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE ON,(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB ON,(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL NORM,(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:SETT 0.015,(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:WIDTH 0.015,(@1121)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:OPEN:DEF (@1121)
Again, even though only one parameter (one command) was changed, each
of the commands in the string above is sent to the instrument.
System Verification
The most common defects associated with switches and attenuators
connected to the 34945EXT through the Y1150A - Y1155A distribution
boards are related to switch/attenuator cables.
The optional Y1156A Verification Board is used to provide visual
confirmation of the signal path from the PC to distribution board banks
1- 4 on the 34945EXT module. Verifying the signal to a selected bank can
help isolate suspected problems in the path from the PC to the switch.
The diagnostic board also verifies functioning of the electronic position
indicator circuitry within the 34945EXT relative to position indicator
signals received from the switch.
To begin using the L4490A/L4491A RF switch platform as quickly as
possible or to minimize troubleshooting, it is highly recommended that the
path to each 34945EXT bank be verified prior to installing the distribution
board and any switches or attenuators.
Running the Verification Sequence
The verification sequence is executed from the L4490A/L4491A Web
interface. As mentioned in Chapter 3, the L4490A/L4491A must be
connected to the PC through one of the LAN configurations shown in
Figure 2- 1. The Web interface is not available from the GPIB interface. To
use the Verification Board:
1 Turn off the L4490A/L4491A.
2 Install the verification board in bank 1 (or the desired bank) of the
34945EXT. Securely fasten the verification board within the bank using
the terminal screws.
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3 Turn on the L4490A/L4491A and open the web interface. Select the
‘Browser Web Control’ page. See “Getting Started with the
L4490A/L4491A Web- Enabled Interface” for instructions on opening the
Web page.
4 Select ‘Allow Full Control’ and in the ‘Browser Web Control’ window,
locate the bank and Y1156A programming diagram. An example of the
diagram is shown in Figure 4- 8.
5 From the bank configuration window, select ‘Preset Bank’. It may be
necessary to turn off the channel drive (module configuration window)
before ‘Preset Bank’ is active.
6 From the remote module configuration window, set the Channel Drive
source to “Internal” or “External” depending on the 34945EXT supply
and select ‘Apply’. The Y1156A is designed to use +24V supply.
7 Click the “Create Verification Sequence” button. This button defines the
verification sequence for the bank and opens the “Sequences...” window.
With the defined sequence highlighted, select ‘Execute Sequence’ to
start the sequence. The sequence will pass through the channel list
three times. If the signal path to the bank and each channel is
complete, the LEDs located on the board will illuminate as each
channel in the list is closed.
8 Once the sequence completes, set the Channel Drive source to “Off”. Move
the Y1156A to the next bank. Click the “Update View” button located in
the upper- right corner of the ‘Browser Web Control’ window to refresh
the Web page with the new location of the Y1156A. Repeat steps 5- 7 to
test the signal path to the channels in the next bank.
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The “Create Verification Sequence” button that appears next
to the Y1156 programming diagram is provided only when
the Y1156A verification board is installed. The button does
not appear with any other distribution board.

Once the verification sequence successfully completes, the
sequence can be deleted. The (verification) sequence is
defined for the bank each time the “Create Verification
Sequence” button is selected.
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ROUT:SEQ:DEF AG_Y1156A_VERIFY_RM1_BANK1
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR INT,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
Figure 4- 8. Running the Y1156A Verification Sequence.
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Position Indicator Verification
Many Agilent switches contain position indicator options that allow for
electronic verification of the switch position. The 34945EXT module within
the L4490A/L4491A contains circuitry to detect these signals. The Y1156A
verification board can be used to test the functioning of this circuitry.
1 Turn off the channel drive (module configuration window) or turn off
the L4490A/L4491A.
2 Install the verification board in bank 1 (or the desired bank) of the
34945EXT. Securely fasten the verification board within the bank using
the terminal screws.
3 Turn on the L4490A/L4491A (if turned off) and open the web interface.
Select the ‘Browser Web Control’ page and select ‘Allow Full Control’.
4 In the ‘Browser Web Control’ window, locate the bank and Y1156A
programming diagram. An example of the diagram is shown in Figure
4- 9.
5 From the bank configuration window, select ‘Preset Bank’ (the channel
drive (module configuration window) must be off before ‘Preset Bank’ is
active).
6 Open the ‘SCPI Command Interface’ window (Figure 4- 9) and from the
window, send the commands:

ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB ON,(@1101:1118)
!enable verification
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL INV,(@1101:1118)
!invert the polarity
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE OFF,(@1101:1118) !continuous drive
7 Create a verification sequence (see “Sequence Programming”) that closes
and opens the desired channel(s). Enable the channel drive and execute
the sequence. With the polarity inverted (Step 6), closing the channel
tests the 34945EXT circuitry receiving the position indication signal. An
error message will occur if the position sensed does not correspond to
the programmed state.
8 To verify other channels, modify the channel address in the sequence as
required and execute the sequence again. To test another bank, set the
Channel Drive source to “Off”. Move the Y1156A to the bank and click the
“Update View” button to refresh the Web page. Repeat steps 5- 6 (with
the new bank address) and change the channel addresses in the
sequence. 

When finished with the verification, turn off the continuous current
mode to prevent an overcurrent condition on the power supply
driving the 34945EXT.
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ROUT:SEQ:DEF POS_IND_VERIFY
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR INT,(@1100)
Figure 4- 9. Using the Y1156A for Position Indicator Verification.
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Switch and Attenuator Programming
This section covers programming of switches/attenuators (Table 1- 2) from
the Web interface. The Web interface is used to demonstrate setting preset
states that are optimized for the switches supported by the distribution
boards.
NOT E
The information in this section does not cover the entire
instrument command set. Refer to Chapter 5 for a complete
list of instrument commands and to the Programmer’s
Reference on the Product Reference CD- ROM for detailed
information.
Agilent N1810/N1811/N1812 Series Switches
The Agilent N1810 / N1811 / N1812 series switches are supported on the
following distribution board:
• Y1150A 
- N18xx series
(eight switches)
The bank diagram is shown in Figure 4- 10.
Presetting the Bank
In order to preset the banks on the 34945EXT module (the programming
of any switch or attenuator must begin with the preset state), ‘Allow Full
Control’ (Figure 4- 2) must be selected and the module’s channel drive must
be off (Configure Module... button).
To set the preset values for the N181x series switches (Figure 4- 10), select
‘Preset Bank’ in the Bank Configuration window. Presetting the bank is
equivalent to sending the SCPI commands shown, or to configuring the
switches to the settings indicated in the bank, module, and channel
configuration windows.
Changing Settings and Enabling the Channel Drive
Following the preset, use the bank configuration and channel configuration
windows (Figure 4- 10) to change the preset settings as required. The SCPI
Command Interface window can also be used to send commands to the
instrument.
When complete, use the module configuration window to enable the
channel drive. (If L4491A Option 002 is installed, the channel drive source
must be set to EXTernal for the second 34945EXT - remote module 2.)
Use the bank diagram to control (open/close) the switches (see “Y1150A
Switch Control” in Chapter 5 for more information).
Settings (commands) from any of these sources can be logged for transfer
to other programming environments (see “Logging SCPI Commands”).
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ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:ENAB ON,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:LEV 0.0050,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:DRIV:MODE OCOL,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR OFF,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:LIM 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR:BOOT OFF,(@1100)
bank diagram
see Chapter 5 for the Y1150A
switch control table
(right-click)
(all channels in the bank are preset)
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “SW 1”,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:OPEN:DEF (@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:WIDTH 0.015,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:SETT 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB OFF,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL NORM,(@1101)
Figure 4- 10. Y1150A Distribution Board Web User Interface Preset State.
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Agilent 87104/87106/87406 - L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206 Switches
The Agilent 87104/87106/87406 series and L7104/L7106/L7204/L7206
series switches are supported on the following distribution board:
• Y1151A 
- 87xxx series and L7xxx series
(two switches)
The bank diagram is shown in Figure 4- 11.
Presetting the Bank
In order to preset any of the banks on the 34945EXT module (the
programming of any switch or attenuator must begin with the preset
state), ‘Allow Full Control’ (Figure 4- 2) must be selected and the module’s
channel drive must be off (Configure Module... button).
To set the preset values for the 87xxx and L7xxx series switches (Figure
4- 11), select ‘Preset Bank’ in the Bank Configuration window. All switches
supported on this distribution board have the same preset settings.
Presetting the bank is equivalent to sending the SCPI commands shown, or
to configuring the switches to the settings indicated in the bank, module,
and channel configuration windows.
Changing Settings and Enabling the Channel Drive
Following the preset, use the bank configuration and channel configuration
windows (Figure 4- 11) to change the preset settings as required. The SCPI
Command Interface window can also be used to send commands to the
instrument.
When complete, use the module configuration window to enable the
channel drive. (If L4491A Option 002 is installed, the channel drive source
must be set to EXTernal for the second 34945EXT - remote module 2.)
Use the bank diagram to control (open/close) the switches (see “Y1151A
Switch Control” in Chapter 5 for more information).
Settings (commands) from any of these sources can be logged for transfer
to other programming environments (see “Logging SCPI Commands”).
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ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:ENAB ON,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:LEV 0.0050,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:DRIV:MODE OCOL,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR OFF,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:LIM 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR:BOOT OFF,(@1100)
bank diagram
see Chapter 5 for the Y1151A
switch control table
(right-click)
(all channels in the bank are preset)
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “SW 1 Path 1”,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE OFF,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:OPEN:DEF (@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:WIDTH 0.015,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:SETT 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB OFF,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL NORM,(@1101)
Figure 4- 11. Y1151A Distribution Board Web User Interface Preset State.
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Agilent 87204 / 87206 Series and 87606 Switches
The Agilent 87204/87206 series and 87606 switches are supported on the
following distribution board:
• Y1152A 
- 87204/87206 series and 87606
- N181x series
(one switch)
(two switches)
The bank diagram applies to both types of switches. The diagram is shown
in Figure 4- 12.
Presetting the Bank
In order to preset any of the banks on the 34945EXT module (the
programming of any switch or attenuator must begin with the preset
state), ‘Allow Full Control’ (Figure 4- 2) must be selected and the module’s
channel drive must be off (Configure Module... button).
To set the preset values for the N181x series, the 872xx series, and 87606
switches (Figure 4- 12), select ‘Preset Bank’ in the Bank Configuration
window. Presetting the bank is equivalent to sending the SCPI commands
shown, or to configuring the switches to the settings indicated in the
bank, module, and channel configuration windows.
Changing Settings and Enabling the Channel Drive
Following the preset, use the bank configuration and channel configuration
windows (Figure 4- 12) to change the preset settings as required. The SCPI
Command Interface window can also be used to send commands to the
instrument.
When complete, use the module configuration window to enable the
channel drive. (If L4491A Option 002 is installed, the channel drive source
must be set to EXTernal for the second 34945EXT - remote module 2.)
Use the bank diagram to control (open/close) the switches (see “Y1152A
Switch Control” in Chapter 5 for more information).
Settings (commands) from any of these sources can be logged for transfer
to other programming environments (see “Logging SCPI Commands”).
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ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:ENAB ON,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:LEV 0.0050,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:DRIV:MODE OCOL,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR OFF,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:LIM 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR:BOOT OFF,(@1100)
SW2 / SW3 = N181x switch positions
bank diagram
see Chapter 5 for the Y1152A
switch control table
(right-click)
(all channels in the bank are preset)
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “SW 1 Path 1”,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:CLOS:DEF (@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:WIDTH 0.015,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:SETT 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB OFF,(@1101)
SW1 = ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL INV,(@1101)
SW2 / SW3 = ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL NORM,(@1101)
Figure 4- 12. Y1152A Distribution Board Web User Interface Preset State.
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Agilent 8490x Series / 849x Series Attenuators and 876xM Series Switches
The Agilent 8490x series and 849x series attenuators, and the 876xM
series switches are supported on the following distribution board:
• Y1153A 
- 8490x series
- 849x series
- 876xM series
(two attenuators - if no switch connected)
(two attenuators - if no switch connected)
(two switches - if no attenuator connected
- one
8769M)
The bank diagram shown in Figure 4- 13 represents attenuators that have
four sections of attenuation. See Figures 2- 7 and 2- 8 for attenuation
guides.
Presetting the Bank
In order to preset any of the banks on the 34945EXT module (the
programming of any switch or attenuator must begin with the preset
state), ‘Allow Full Control’ (Figure 4- 2) must be selected and the module’s
channel drive must be off (Configure Module... button).
To set the preset values for the 8490x series / 849x series attenuators and
876xM series switches (Figure 4- 13), select ‘Preset Bank’ in the Bank
Configuration window. All attenuators supported on this distribution
board have the same preset settings. Presetting the bank is equivalent to
sending the SCPI commands shown, or to configuring the attenuators to
the settings indicated in the bank, module, and channel configuration
windows.
Changing Settings and Enabling the Channel Drive
Following the preset, use the bank configuration and channel configuration
windows (Figure 4- 13) to change the preset settings as required. The SCPI
Command Interface window can also be used to send commands to the
instrument.
When complete, use the module configuration window to enable the
channel drive. (If L4491A Option 002 is installed, the channel drive source
must be set to EXTernal for the second 34945EXT - remote module 2.)
Use the bank diagram to control the levels of attenuation (see “Y1153A
Switch Control” in Chapter 5 for more information).
Settings (commands) from any of these sources can be logged for transfer
to other programming environments (see “Logging SCPI Commands”).
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ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:ENAB ON,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:LEV 0.0050,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:DRIV:MODE OCOL,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR OFF,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:LIM 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR:BOOT OFF,(@1100)
bank diagram
see Chapter 5 for the Y1153A
switch control table
(right-click)
(all channels in the bank are preset)
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “Attenuator 1 Sec 1”,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:OPEN:DEF (@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:WIDTH 0.02,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:SETT 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB OFF,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL INV,(@1101)
Figure 4- 13. Y1153A Distribution Board Web User Interface Preset State.
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Agilent 87222 Series and L7222C Switches
The Agilent 87222 series and L7222C switches are supported on the
following distribution board:
• Y1154A
- 87222 series, L7222C
- N18xx series
(two switches)
(six switches)
The bank diagram applies to both types of switches and is shown in
Figure 4- 14.
Presetting the Bank
In order to preset the banks on the 34945EXT module (the programming
of any switch or attenuator must begin with the preset state), ‘Allow Full
Control’ (Figure 4- 2) must be selected and the module’s channel drive must
be off (Configure Module... button).
To set the preset values for the 87222 series, the L7222C, and the N181x
series switches (Figure 4- 14), select ‘Preset Bank’ in the Bank Configuration
window. All switches supported on these distribution boards have the
same preset settings. Presetting the bank is equivalent to sending the SCPI
commands shown, or to configuring the switches to the settings indicated
in the bank, module, and channel configuration windows.
Changing Settings and Enabling the Channel Drive
Following the preset, use the bank configuration and channel configuration
windows (Figure 4- 14) to change the preset settings as required. The SCPI
Command Interface window can also be used to send commands to the
instrument.
When complete, use the module configuration window to enable the
channel drive. (If L4491A Option 002 is installed, the channel drive source
must be set to EXTernal for the second 34945EXT - remote module 2.)
Use the bank diagram to control (open/close) the switches (see “Y1154A
Switch Control” in Chapter 5 for more information).
Settings (commands) from any of these sources can be logged for transfer
to other programming environments (see “Logging SCPI Commands”).
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ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:ENAB ON,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:LEV 0.0050,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:DRIV:MODE OCOL,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR OFF,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:LIM 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR:BOOT OFF,(@1100)
bank diagram
see Chapter 5 for the Y1154A
switch control table
(right-click)
SW1 / SW2 = 87222 and L7222 switch positions
(all channels in the bank are preset)
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “SW 1”,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:OPEN:DEF (@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:WIDTH 0.015,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:SETT 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB OFF,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL NORM,(@1101)
Figure 4- 14. Y1154A Distribution Board Web User Interface Preset State.
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Agilent 876x Series and U9397A/C Switches
The Agilent 876x series and U9397A/C switches are supported on the
following distribution board:
• Y1155A 
- 8762/8763/8764/8765 series
(eight switches)
- 8766/8767 K series
(two switches)
- 8768/8769 K series
(one switch)

- U9397A/C
(sixteen
switches)
The bank diagram applies to all series of switches. The diagram is shown
in Figure 4- 15.
Presetting the Bank
In order to preset any of the banks on the 34945EXT module (the
programming of any switch or attenuator must begin with the preset
state), ‘Allow Full Control’ (Figure 4- 2) must be selected and the module’s
channel drive must be off (Configure Module... button).
To set the preset values for the 876x series and U9397A/C switches
(Figure 4- 15), select ‘Preset Bank’ in the Bank Configuration window. All
switches supported on this distribution board have the same preset
settings. Presetting the bank is equivalent to sending the SCPI commands
shown, or to configuring the switches to the settings indicated in the
bank, module, and channel configuration windows.
Changing Settings and Enabling the Channel Drive Source
Following the preset, use the bank configuration and channel configuration
windows (Figure 4- 15) to change the preset settings as required. The SCPI
Command Interface window can also be used to send commands to the
instrument.
When complete, use the module configuration window to enable the
channel drive. (If L4491A Option 002 is installed, the channel drive source
must be set to EXTernal for the second 34945EXT - remote module 2.)
Use the bank diagram to control (open/close) the switches (see “Y1155A
Switch Control” in Chapter 5 for more information).
Settings (commands) from any of these sources can be logged for transfer
to other programming environments (see “Logging SCPI Commands”).
Using other Agilent Switches with the Y1155A Distribution Board
Any of the Agilent switches and attenuators listed in Table 1- 2 can be
used with the Y1155A distribution board. From the SCPI command
Interface window, the preset settings for a given switch or attenuator can
be set by sending the corresponding SCPI command for each preset value.
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ROUT:RMOD:BANK:PRES 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:ENAB ON,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:LED:DRIV:LEV 0.0050,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:BANK:DRIV:MODE OCOL,1,(@1100)
U9397A -> ROUT:RMOD:BANK:DRIV:MODE TTL,1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR OFF,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:LIM 1,(@1100)
ROUT:RMOD:DRIV:SOUR:BOOT OFF,(@1100)
bank diagram
see Chapter 5 for the Y1155A
switch control tables
(right-click)
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “Screw Terminal 1”,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE OFF,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:OPEN:DEF (@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:WIDTH 0.015,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:REC 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:TIME:SETT 0.0,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:ENAB OFF,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL NORM,(@1101)
For 876x series, these must be set as:
ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PAIR:MODE ON,(@1101)
ROUT:CHAN:VER:POL INV,(@1101)
U9397A/C -> ROUT:CHAN:DRIV:PULS:MODE OFF,(@1101)
Figure 4- 15. Y1155A Distribution Board Web User Interface Preset State.
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Sequence Programming
A programming sequence is a set of commands that provide direct control
(open, close, delay) of switches and attenuators. The advantages of using
programming sequences are:
• a sequence can be given a descriptive name indicating its function or
the signal path it is controlling
• programming speed is increased (IO - input/output transactions
decreased)
• channel operations (delay/open/close) occur precisely and in the
channel list order specified
A programming sequence can be defined using the Sequences window
opened with the Sequences... button on the ‘Browser Web Control’ page
(Figure 4- 2). The Sequences window is shown in Figure 4- 16.
Defining a Sequence
Sequences are defined by a sequence name, trigger source, and definition
(the commands within the sequence). The commands allowed within a
sequence are listed in the ‘Sequence Commands’ drop- down box and
include:
ROUTe:CLOSe (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:OPEN (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:MODule:WAIT <slot>|ALL 
ROUTe:SEQuence:TRIGger[:IMMediate] <sequence_name> 
SYSTem:DELay[:IMMediate] <time_in_seconds> 
ABORt
Additional guidelines when using sequences include:
1 Sequences are stored in the non- volatile memory of the 34945EXT.
2 Up to 500 sequences can be stored; each sequence must be < 1024
bytes.
3 Sequences can be nested (one sequence can start another).
4 Sequences are not deleted with SYSTem:RMODule:RESet
5 Renaming a sequence creates a new sequence by that name.
6 Defined sequences can be logged for transfer to other programming
environments (see “An Overview of the ‘Browser Web Control’ Page”).
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4
ROUT:SEQ:TRIG:IMM DUT_PATH_TO_NA
ROUT:SEQ:ABOR
ROUT:SEQ:DEF DUT_PATH_TO_NA
3. specify the channel list
2. insert into sequence definition
1. select command from drop-down list
ROUT:SEQ:DEL DUT_PATH_TO_NA
ROUT:SEQ:TRIG:SOUR DUT_PATH_TO_NA,MANUAL
Additional sequence-related commands:
ROUT:SEQ:BUSY?
!returns status of sequence operations
ROUT:SEQ:CAT?
!lists currently defined sequences
ROUT:SEQ:RUNN:NAME? !name of sequence currently executing
ROUT:SEQ:DEL:ALL
!delete all defined sequences from memory
ROUT:SEQ:WAIT
!wait for current sequence to finish
Figure 4- 16. Defining Programming Sequences with the Sequences Window.
NOT E
Refer to the L4490A/L4491A Product Reference CD-ROM for more
information on the RF switch platform sequence-related commands.
Using L4490A/L4491A Digital IO and Relay Driver Option 004
Option 004 to the L4490A and L4491A adds 16- bits of digital (general
purpose) IO and 28 relay control lines to the RF switch platform. The
location of the Option 004 module is shown in Figure 2- 1.
Connector Pin Definitions
The Option 004 connectors and pin definitions are shown on the following
page and in Table 4- 1. The Web user interface is shown in Figure 4- 17.
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Introduction to Programming
Connector P102 - Digital IO
Connnector P101 - Relay Control
Table 4-1. L4490A/L4491A Option 004 Pin Definitions.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
94
Connector P102 (Digital IO) Pin Definitions
Relay Ground
14 Channel 2001; Bit 5
Channel 2002; Bit 7
15 Channel 2001; Bit 4
Channel 2002; Bit 6
16 +5V power supply
Channel 2002; Bit 5
17 Channel 2001; Bit 3
Channel 2002; Bit 4
18 Channel 2001; Bit 2
+5V power supply
19 Channel 2001; Bit 1
Channel 2002; Bit 3
20 Channel 2001; Bit 0
Channel 2002; Bit 2
21 Relay Ground
Channel 2002; Bit 1
22 Control Line 1: Channel 1 Strobe Line
Channel 2002; Bit 0
23 Control Line 2: Channel 2 Strobe Line
Relay Ground
24 Control Line 3: Read/Write Status Line
Channel 2001; Bit 7
25 +5V power supply
Channel 2001; Bit 6
26 Relay Ground
Connector P101 (Relay Control) Definitions
Not used
21 +12V power supply
Not used
22 Not used
Not used
23 Not used
Not used
24 Not used
Channel 2128 (gen. purpose relay drive)
25 Channel 2116 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2127 (gen. purpose relay drive)
26 Channel 2115 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2126 (gen. purpose relay drive)
27 Channel 2114 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2125 (gen. purpose relay drive)
28 Channel 2113 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2124 (gen. purpose relay drive)
29 Channel 2112 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2123 (gen. purpose relay drive)
30 Channel 2111 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2122 (gen. purpose relay drive)
31 Channel 2110 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2121 (gen. purpose relay drive)
32 Channel 2109 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2120 (gen. purpose relay drive)
33 Channel 2108 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2119 (gen. purpose relay drive)
34 Channel 2107 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2118 (gen. purpose relay drive)
35 Channel 2106 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Channel 2117 (gen. purpose relay drive)
36 Channel 2105 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Not used
37 Channel 2104 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Not used
38 Channel 2103 (gen. purpose relay drive)
Not used
39 Channel 2102 (gen. purpose relay drive)
+12V power supply
40 Channel 2101 (gen. purpose relay drive)
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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4
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “Control_1”, (@2001)
SOUR:DIG:STAT 1,(@2001)
!channel output
SOUR:DIG:STAT 0,(@2001)
!channel input
CONF:DIG:WIDTH BYTE, (@2001)
CONF:DIG:WIDTH WORD, (@2001) !combines channels
click to select the digital IO and relay driver (Option 004) interface
SYST:CPON 2
ROUT:OPEN:ALL 2
ROUT:OPEN (@2107)
ROUT:CLOS (@2107)
SOUR:DIG:DATA:BYTE #HAA, (@2001) !write
(right-click)
SENS:DIG:DATA:BYTE? HEX, (@2001) !read
ROUT:CHAN:LAB “actuate”, (@2101)
Figure 4- 17. L4490A / L4491A Option 004 Web User Interface.
NOT E
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Connector cables are not provided with L4490A/L4491A Option 004.
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4
Introduction to Programming
Configuring the Digital IO and Relay Drive Lines
Unlike the distribution boards used with the L4490A and L4491A, Option
004 is not configured from a “preset” state. However, resetting the module
will set the operation mode of the digital (general purpose) IO to “input”,
the width of the input pattern to one byte, and open all relay drive
channels. User- defined channel labels remain unchanged.
Use the ‘channel configuration’ window (Figure 4- 17) to set the direction
(operation mode) of the digital pattern and the width of the pattern (one
or two bytes). Use the ‘read/write digital data’ window read the data on
the input lines and to set the output pattern in decimal, binary, or
hexadecimal format.
Clicking on the relay drive channel number or switch opens/closes the
switch. Note that each channel can sink up to 100 mA (low- side drive).
Settings (commands) from any of these sources can be logged for transfer
to other programming environments (see “Logging SCPI Commands”).
Query commands (those which return data - i.e. Read) are not logged.
NOT E
Refer to Chapter 5 for more information on the digital IO option and a
summary of related commands. Refer to the L4490A/L4491A Product
Reference CD-ROM for detailed information on the commands.
Power-On, *RST, and SYSTem:CPON States
Cycling power or resetting the L4490A/L4491A (*RST, SYSTem:CPON
commands) restores user- specified default states, but otherwise maintains
preset or individually- set switch or attenuator settings. The default states
restored are those specified with the commands:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:CLOSe:DEFault !channel settings
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:OPEN:DEFault
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce:BOOT !drive current-ON, OFF,
EXTernal
All other switch/attenuator settings in place prior to the power cycle or
reset event remain unchanged. These events, however, do cause the
34945EXT to recognize new topologies (external switches, power
configurations).
NOT E
96
If a channel is configured for a single drive in pulsed mode, OPEN
operations are undefined. When these channels are configured to a
default state of OPEN, no action is taken on these channels.
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Introduction to Programming
The Web Interface ‘Reset All Remotes’ Button
The ‘Reset All Remotes’ button located to the right of the switch or
attenuator (Web interface) programming diagram resets all distribution
board settings to their user- specified default states, preset settings, and
individually- set switch or attenuator settings. This button is equivalent to
the SCPI command:
SYSTem:CPON <remote module #>
Restoring L4490A/L4491A Factory Settings
Factory settings for the L4490A/L4491A configuration and all installed
distribution boards are restored with the command:
SYSTem:RMODule:RESet 1
Parameter
This command and its subsequent settings override any previously stored
preset, default, and power- on or reset settings. The factory settings
grouped according to 34945EXT, bank, and channel are shown in Table
4- 2.

Table 4-2. L4490A/L4491A Factory Settings.
Command
Setting
34945EXT Settings
Channel Drive Source
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce:IMMediate
OFF
Boot/Reset Channel Drive
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce:BOOT
OFF
Simultaneous Operations
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:LIMit
1
Bank Settings
Channel Drive Type
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:DRIVe:MODE
LED Drives
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:ENABle
LED Drive Level
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:LEVel
OCOLlector
ON
5 mA
Channel Settings
Operation Mode
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PAIRed:MODE
OFF
Actuation Type
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:MODE
ON
Pulse Width
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:WIDTh
Recovery Time
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:RECovery
0.0 seconds
Settle Time
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:SETTle
0.0 seconds
Channel State
(after boot or reset)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:OPEN:DEFault
Verification
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:ENABle
OFF
Verification Polarity
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POLarity
NORMal
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
15 ms
OPEN
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L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Agilent L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform
User’s Guide
5
Additional Operating Information
L4490A/L4491A SCPI Command Summary 100
Y1150A - Y1155A Switch Control Tables 104
Y1150A Switch Control 104
Y1151A Switch Control 104
Y1152A Switch Control 105
Y1153A Switch Control 106
Y1154A Switch Control 106
Y1155A Switch Control 107
Drive Modes 109
Using Single-Coil Switches and Attenuators 110
Continuous Drive Mode 110
Single Coil with Separate Position Indicators Connection
Diagram 111
Using Dual-Coil Switches and Attenuators 112
Pairing Channels 113
Paired Drive With Separate Position Indicators 113
Paired Drive With Combined Position Indicators 114
Pulsed Actuation Mode 115
Overcurrent Conditions 117
Command Execution Times 118
Verifying Switch States 119
LED Drive Indicators 120
L4490A/L4491A Digital IO and Relay Driver Option 004 121
This chapter contains additional information on selected topics covered in
Chapters 1- 4. Refer to this chapter for specific information on:
• the L4490A/L4491A command summary
• switch control tables
• open collector (OC) and TTL drive modes
• single- and dual- coil switches and attenuators
• continuous vs. pulsed drive modes
• overcurrent conditions
• factors related to command execution times
Agilent Technologies
99
5
Additional Operating Information
L4490A/L4491A SCPI Command Summary
Table 5- 1 lists the SCPI commands that apply to the L4490A/L4491A RF
Switch Platform.
As not all commands are covered in this manual, refer to the
Programmer’s Reference contained on the L4490A/L4491A Product
Reference CD- ROM (p/n L4490- 13601) for detailed information on the
complete SCPI command set.
Table 5-1. L4490A/L4491A SCPI Command Summary.
Subsystem
ROUTe
(Switch Control)
100
Commands
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:CLOSe:DEFault (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:CLOSe:DEFault? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:OPEN:DEFault (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:OPEN:DEFault? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PAIRed[:MODE] {OFF|0|ON|1}, (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PAIRed[:MODE]? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe[:MODE] {OFF|0|ON|1}, (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe[:MODE]? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:WIDTh {<seconds>|MIN|MAX|DEF},
(@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:WIDTh? [{MIN|MAX}, ] (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:STATe? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:RECovery {<seconds> |MIN|MAX|DEF},
(@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:RECovery? [{MIN|MAX}, ] (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:SETTle {<seconds>|MIN|MAX|DEF},
(@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:SETTle? [{MIN|MAX}, ] (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:LABel:CLEar:MODule 1
ROUTe:CHANnel:LABel[:DEFine] "<label>" , (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:LABel[:DEFine]? [<type>,] (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify[:ENABle] {OFF|0|ON|1}, (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify[:ENABle]? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POLarity {NORMal|INVerted}, (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POLarity? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POSition:STATe? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CLOSe (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:CLOSe? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:MODule:BUSY? {1|ANY}
ROUTe:MODule:WAIT 1
ROUTe:MODule:WAIT? 1
ROUTe:OPEN (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:OPEN? (@<ch_list>)
ROUTe:OPERation:OVERlap[:ENABle] {OFF|0|ON|1}
ROUTe:OPERation:OVERlap[:ENABle]?
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Additional Operating Information
5

Switch Control
cont’d
(Sequence
Operation)
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:DRIVe[:MODE] {TTL|OCOLlector},
{1-4|BANK1-BANK4|ALL}, (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:DRIVe[:MODE]? {1-4|BANK1-BANK4},
(@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe[:ENABle] {OFF|0|ON|1},
{1-4|BANK1-BANK4|ALL}, (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe[:ENABle]? {1-4|BANK1-BANK4},
(@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:LEVel {<amps>|MIN|MAX|DEF},
{1-4|BANK1-BANK4|ALL}, (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:LEVel? {1-4|BANK1-BANK4},
(@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:PRESet {1-4|BANK1-BANK4|ALL},
(@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:LIMit {<max_drives>|MIN|MAX|DEF},
(@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:LIMit? [{MIN|MAX}, ] (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce:BOOT {OFF|INTernal|
EXTernal}, (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce:BOOT? (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce[:IMMediate] {OFF|
INTernal|EXTernal}, (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce[:IMMediate]? (@<rem_ch_list>)
ROUTe:SEQuence:ABORt
ROUTe:SEQuence:BUSY?
ROUTe:SEQuence:CATalog?
ROUTe:SEQuence:DEFine <name>, "<commands>"
ROUTe:SEQuence:DEFine? <name>
ROUTe:SEQuence:DELete:ALL
ROUTe:SEQuence:DELete[:NAME] <name>
ROUTe:SEQuence:RUNNing:NAME?
ROUTe:SEQuence:TRIGger[:IMMediate] <name>
ROUTe:SEQuence:TRIGger:SOURce <name>, MANual
ROUTe:SEQuence:TRIGger:SOURce? <name>
ROUTe:SEQuence:WAIT
DIAGnostic
DIAGnostic:RELay:CYCLes? (@<ch_list>)
DIAGnostic:RELay:CYCLes:CLEar (@<ch_list>)
Status
*CLS
*ESE <enable_value>
*ESE?
*ESR?
*SRE <enable_value>
*SRE?
*STB? 
STATus:MODule:ENABle <enable_value>
STATus:MODule:ENABle?
STATus:MODule:EVENt?
STATus:MODule:SLOT1:CONDition?
STATus:MODule:SLOT1:ENABle <enable_value>
STATus:MODule:SLOT1:ENABle?
STATus:MODule:SLOT1:EVENt]?
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5
Additional Operating Information
Status
(cont’d)
State Storage
IEEE-488 Commands
System Related
Commands
102
STATus:OPERation:CONDition?
STATus:OPERation:ENABle <enable_value>
STATus:OPERation:ENABle?
STATus:OPERation[:EVENt]?
STATus:PRESet
STATus:QUEStionable:CONDition?
STATus:QUEStionable:ENABle <enable_value>
STATus:QUEStionable:ENABle?
STATus:QUEStionable[:EVENt]?
SYSTem:MODule?
*RCL {1|2|3|4|5}
*SAV {1|2|3|4|5}
MEMory:NSTates?
MEMory:STATe:CATalog?
MEMory:STATe:DELete {1|2|3|4|5}
MEMory:STATe:DELete:ALL
MEMory:STATe:NAME {1|2|3|4|5} [,<name>]
MEMory:STATe:NAME? {1|2|3|4|5}
MEMory:STATe:RECall:AUTO {OFF|0|ON|1}
MEMory:STATe:RECall:AUTO?
MEMory:STATe:RECall:SELect {1|2|3|4|5}
MEMory:STATe:RECall:SELect?
MEMory:STATe:VALid? {1|2|3|4|5}
*CLS
*ESE <enable_value>
*ESE?
*ESR?
*IDN?
*OPC
*OPC?
*RCL {1|2|3|4|5}
*RST
*SAV {1|2|3|4|5}
*SRE <enable_value>
*SRE?
*STB?
*TRG
*TST?
*WAI
SYSTem:CDEScription? 1
SYSTem:COMMunicate:ENABle {OFF|0|ON|1},{GPIB|LAN|SOCKets|TELNet|VXI11|WEB}
SYSTem:COMMunicate:ENABle? {GPIB|LAN|SOCKets|TELNet|VXI11|WEB}
SYSTem:COMMunicate:GPIB:ADDRess <address>
SYSTem:COMMunicate:GPIB:ADDRess?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:GPIB:ADDRess:INSTalled?
SYSTem:CPON 1
SYSTem:CTYPe? 1
SYSTem:CTYPe:RMODule? (@<rem_ch>) [,<dist_board>]
SYSTem:DATE <yyyy>,<mm>,<dd>
SYSTem:DATE? 
SYSTem:DELay[:IMMediate] <seconds>
SYSTem:ERRor?
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Additional Operating Information
System Related
Commands
(cont’d)
LAN
Configuration
Commands
L4490A/L4491A
Option 004
Commands
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
5
SYSTem:LOCK:OWNer?
SYSTem:LOCK:RELease
SYSTem:LOCK:REQuest?
SYSTem:MODule?
SYSTem:PRESet
SYSTem:RMODule:RESet 1
SYSTem:RMODule:STATus? 1
SYSTem:SECurity:IMMediate
SYSTem:TIME <hh>,<mm>,<ss.sss>
SYSTem:TIME?
SYSTem:VERSion?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:AUTOip {OFF|0|ON|1}
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:AUTOip?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:BSTatus?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:CONTrol?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:DHCP {OFF|0|ON|1}
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:DHCP?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:DNS "<address>"
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:DNS?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:DOMain "<name>"
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:DOMain? [{CURRent|STATic}]
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:GATEway <address>
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:GATEway? [{CURRent|STATic}]
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:HISTory:CLEar
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:HISTory?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:HOSTname "<name>"
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:HOSTname? [{CURRent|STATic}]
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:IPADdress "<address>"
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:IPADdress? [{CURRent|STATic}]
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:KEEPalive {<seconds>|MIN|MAX}
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:KEEPalive? [{MIN|MAX}]
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:MAC?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:SMASk "<mask>"
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:SMASk? [{CURRent|STATic}]
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:TELNet:PROMpt "<string>"
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:TELNet:PROMpt?
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:TELNet:WMESsage "<string>"
SYSTem:COMMunicate:LAN:TELNet:WMESsage?
CONFigure:DIGital <width>, [<voltage>,] [<polarity>,] (@<ch_list>)
CONFigure:DIGital:DIRection <direction>, (@<ch_list>)
CONFigure:DIGital:DIRection? (@<ch_list>)
CONFigure? [(@<ch_list>)]
MEASure:DIGital? <width>, [<voltage>,] [<polarity>,] (@<ch_list>)
[SENSe:]DIGital:DATA:BIT? <bit>, (@<ch_list>)
[SENSe:]DIGital:DATA[:<width>]? [<format>,] (@<ch_list>)
SOURce:DIGital:DATA:BIT {0|1}, <bit>, (@<ch_list>)
SOURce:DIGital:DATA:BIT? <bit>, (@<ch_list>)
SOURce:DIGital:STATe <mode>, (@<ch_list>)
SOURce:DIGital:STATe? (@<ch_list>)
103
5
Additional Operating Information
Y1150A - Y1155A Switch Control Tables
The following tables relate switch control actions ‘open’ and ‘close’ to the state
of the switch and attenuator. The tables are identified by distribution board.
Y1150A Switch Control
The switch control for the Y1150A distribution board is shown below. All
channels are driven in the PAIRed mode (Preset state). See Figure 4- 10
for additional information. See Chapter 2 for bank- specific channel
numbering.
Channel / Switch
Switch State
State A
State B
Channel 1xx1 / SW1
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx1)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Channel 1xx2 / SW2
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx2)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Channel 1xx3 / SW3
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx3)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Channel 1xx4 / SW4
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx4)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Channel 1xx5 / SW5
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx5)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Channel 1xx6 / SW6
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx6)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Channel 1xx7 / SW7
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx7)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 / SW8
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx8)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
Y1151A Switch Control
The switch control for the Y1151A distribution board is shown below. All
channels are driven in the single (un- paired) mode (Preset state). See
Figure 4- 11 for additional information. See Chapter 2 for specific channel
numbering.
104
Channel / Switch 1
Path Closed
Path Open
Channel 1xx1 / SW1 Path 1
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx2 /SW1 Path 2
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx3 /SW1 Path 3
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx4 /SW1 Path 4
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx5 /SW1 Path 5
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx6 /SW1 Path 6
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx7 /SW1 Open All 1
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 /SW1 Open All 2
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
note: use either channel
to open all
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5
Additional Operating Information
Channel / Switch 2
Path Closed
Path Open
Channel 1xx1 / SW2 Path 1
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx2 /SW2 Path 2
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx3 /SW2 Path 3
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx4 /SW2 Path 4
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx5 /SW2 Path 5
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx6 /SW2 Path 6
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Close another path or open all
Channel 1xx7 /SW2 Open All 1
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 /SW2 Open All 2
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
note: use either channel
to open all
Y1152A Switch Control
The switch control for the Y1152A distribution board is shown below. All
channels are driven in the PAIRed mode (Preset state). See Figure 4- 12
for additional information. See Chapter 2 for bank- specific channel
numbering.
* Note that for switches connected to SW1, path closed is accomplished
with the ROUTe:OPEN command and path opened is accomplished through
the ROUTE:CLOSe command.
Channel / Switch
Path State
Path Closed*
Path Opened*
Channel 1xx1 /SW1 Path1
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx1)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Channel 1xx2 /SW1 Path2
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx2)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Channel 1xx3 /SW1 Path3
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx3)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Channel 1xx4 /SW1 Path4
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx4)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Channel 1xx5 /SW1 Path5
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx5)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Channel 1xx6 /SW1 Path6
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx6)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Channel / Switch
Switch State
State A
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
State B
Channel 1xx7 /SW2
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx7)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 /SW3
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx8)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
105
5
Additional Operating Information
Y1153A Switch Control
The switch control for the Y1153A distribution board is shown below. All
channels are driven in the PAIRed mode (Preset state). See Figure 4- 13 for
additional information. See Chapter 2 for bank- specific channel numbering.
ROUTe:OPEN adds that section's attenuation amount to the overall
attenuation. Total attenuation is the sum of the dB amounts for the
individual sections switched in. When all channels open at reset maximum
attenuation is set.
Channel / Attenuator Section
Attenuation State
Attenuation Section In Attenuation Section Out
Channel 1xx1 / ATTN 1 SEC 1
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx1)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Channel 1xx2 / ATTN 1 SEC 2
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx2)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Channel 1xx3 / ATTN 1 SEC 3
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx3)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Channel 1xx4 / ATTN 1 SEC 4
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx4)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Channel 1xx5 / ATTN 2 SEC 1
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx5)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Channel 1xx6 / ATTN 2 SEC 2
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx6)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Channel 1xx7 / ATTN 2 SEC 3
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx7)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 / ATTN 2 SEC 4
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx8)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
Y1154A Switch Control
The switch control for the Y1154A distribution board is shown below. All
channels are driven in the PAIRed mode (Preset state). See Figure 4- 14
for additional information. See Chapter 2 for bank- specific channel
numbering.
Channel / Switch
Switch State
State A
106
State B
Channel 1xx1 / SW1
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx1)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Channel 1xx2 / SW2
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx2)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Channel 1xx3 / SW3
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx3)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Channel 1xx4 / SW4
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx4)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Channel 1xx5 / SW5
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx5)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Channel 1xx6 / SW6
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx6)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Channel 1xx7 / SW7
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx7)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 / SW8
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx8)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
5
Additional Operating Information
Y1155A Switch Control
The switch control for the Y1155A distribution board is shown below.
Channels may be driven in single (un- paired) mode (Preset state), or in
PAIRed mode. See Figure 4- 15 for additional information. See Chapter 2
for bank- specific channel numbering.
Single (un-paired) Mode
Channel 1xx1 / Screw Term1
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Channel 1xx2 / Screw Term 2
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Channel 1xx3 / Screw Term 3
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Channel 1xx4 / Screw Term 4
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Channel 1xx5 / Screw Term 5
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Channel 1xx6 / Screw Term 6
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Channel 1xx7 / Screw Term 7
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 / Screw Term 8
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
Channel 1xx1 / Screw Term 11
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Channel 1xx2 / Screw Term 12
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Channel 1xx3 / Screw Term 13
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Channel 1xx4 / Screw Term 14
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Channel 1xx5 / Screw Term 15
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Channel 1xx6 / Screw Term 16
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Channel 1xx7 / Screw Term 17
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 / Screw Term 18
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)

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5
Additional Operating Information
Paired Mode
Channel 1xx1 / Screw Term 1
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx1)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx1)
Channel 1xx2 / Screw Term 2
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx2)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx2)
Channel 1xx3 / Screw Term 3
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx3)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx3)
Channel 1xx4 / Screw Term 4
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx4)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx4)
Channel 1xx5 / Screw Term 5
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx5)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx5)
Channel 1xx6 / Screw Term 6
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx6)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx6)
Channel 1xx7 / Screw Term 7
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx7)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx7)
Channel 1xx8 / Screw Term 8
ROUT:OPEN (@1xx8)
ROUT:CLOS (@1xx8)
Y1155A LED Connector Pins
Pin definitions for the Y1155A distribution board LED connectors are
determined by the un- paired or paired mode of the Y1155A channels. The
pin definitions for both modes are shown below.
Un-paired Mode
LED1 Connector
108
LED2 Connector
Pin
Use
Pin
Use
Pin
Use
Pin
Use
1
+VI
2
SW1
1
+VI
2
SW11
3
+VI
4
SW2
3
+VI
4
SW12
5
+VI
6
SW3
5
+VI
6
SW13
7
+VI
8
SW4
7
+VI
8
SW14
9
+VI
10
SW5
9
+VI
10
SW15
11
+VI
12
SW6
11
+VI
12
SW16
13
+VI
14
SW7
13
+VI
14
SW17
15
+VI
16
SW8
15
+VI
16
SW18
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
5
Additional Operating Information
Paired Mode
LED1 Connector
Pin
Use
Pin
1
+VI
3
LED2 Connector
Use
Pin
Use
Pin
Use
2
SW1 - A
1
+VI
2
SW1 - B
+VI
4
SW2 -A
3
+VI
4
SW2 - B
5
+VI
6
SW3 - A
5
+VI
6
SW3 -B
7
+VI
8
SW4 - A
7
+VI
8
SW4 - B
9
+VI
10
SW5 - A
9
+VI
10
SW5 - B
11
+VI
12
SW6 - A
11
+VI
12
SW6 - B
13
+VI
14
SW7- A
13
+VI
14
SW7 - B
15
+VI
16
SW8 - A
15
+VI
16
SW8 - B
Drive Modes
The 34945EXT module within the L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform can
drive switches and attenuators using either TTL or open collector drive
methods. The TTL drive mode uses active drive for both high and low
levels and drives a TTL high level when asserted. The open collector drive
provides a current path to ground when asserted.
H
TTL Drive
L
Drive Active
H
Open Collector
Drive
L
Figure 5-1. TTL and Open Collector Drive Modes.
The drive mode is set on a per bank basis and is included in the
distribution board’s preset configuration. The drive mode can be changed
using the command:
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:DRIVe:MODE
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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5
Additional Operating Information
Using Single-Coil Switches and Attenuators
Some microwaveswitches require a single drive (coil). With single coil
devices, note that the channel numbering is not consecutive across all
channels in a bank (see Chapter 2 “Channel Numbering).
The L4490A/L4491A can provide single coil devices with either pulsed or
continuous drive current. Settings and parameters for continuous drive
mode are given in the next section.
Continuous Drive Mode
Driving non- latching devices requires a power supply capable of handling
sustained high current requirements. You may only use continuous drive
current with channels configured for single drive. Additionally, to prevent
an overcurrent condition within the power supply, care must be taken
when operating more than one continuous drive at a time. The drive type
may be configured as either TTL or open- collector.
Using Continuous Drive
Figure 5- 2 illustrates the continuous drive signals for two channels
(switches) and the relationship of the drive parameters to the power
supply requirements.
T(Setttle)
T(Recovery)
Drive Ch 1
Drive Ch2
Start Drive
Channel 1
Start Drive
Channel 2
Channel 1 Position
Indicators Evaluated
Figure 5-2. Continuous Drive Signals.
As shown in the figure, the drive signal is initially applied to channel 1.
Drive is applied to channel 2 only after a power supply recovery period
has elapsed T(Recovery).
110
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5
Additional Operating Information
The power supply recovery time can be set for each channel, and is set to 
0.0 ms during a bank preset (Chapter 4). The recovery time can be
changed using the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIMe:RECovery
When verifying channel closure, you can also specify a settling time
(T(Settle)). This parameter ensures the switch has had time to change
state before the position indicator (of the switch) is evaluated.
The settling time can be set for each channel and is set to 0.0 ms during
a bank preset (Chapter 4). The settling time can be changed using the
command
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIMe:SETTle
Single Coil with Separate Position Indicators Connection Diagram
The simplified schematic on the following page illustrates the connection
for a single coil switch (e.g. 8710x, 8740x) with separate position
indicators. The position indicators for this type of switch are independent
relay contacts that are mechanically linked to the RF switch position.
Even though this is a single coil (drive) switch, each switch state has its
own coil. The switch uses internal logic to open all paths except the one
being closed.
The RF paths are not shown in the simplified diagram. The coils are
driven in open collector mode. The position indicator is set so that a high
level indicates an active switch. The logic level of the position indicator
can be inverted using the ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POLarity command.
The schematic shown is similar to the Agilent 87104A/B/C, 87106A/B/C,
and 87406B switches. Many other switches use this technique (both with
and without the position indicator) but may not have the logic described.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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5
Additional Operating Information
34945EXT
Switch
Y1155A
Distribution
Board
6
Logic Gate
Sense
Pull Down
Resistor
5
4
3
2
1
IND 1
+VI
To IND 2 through 6
+VR
Open
All
Open Collector
Output Driver
6
5
4
3
2
1
DRV 1
To DRV 7
To DRV 2 through 6
Figure 5-3. Single-Coil Switch Connection Diagram (separate position indicators).
Using Dual-Coil Switches and Attenuators
Many microwaveswitches and attenuators have a paired drive input.
Typically, one drive is electrically connected to the lower channel number
in a bank and one connected to a corresponding upper channel number.
For example, on bank 2 a dual drive switch should have its ‘State A’ coil
connected to channel 21 and its ‘State B’ coil connected to channel 31.
The L4490A/L4491A drives dual coil devices in pulsed mode only
(ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:MODE ON). Pairing two channels
(ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PAIR:MODE ON) automatically configures the
channels to pulsed mode. You must turn the paired mode ‘off’ before
continuous drive mode can be enabled).
Based on the distribution board installed, presetting the bank will either
enable paired mode (ON) or disable paired mode (OFF) according to the
type of switches supported by the board.
112
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5
Additional Operating Information
Pairing Channels
With dual- coil devices, the channels in the bank are paired during a bank
preset. Pairing channels allows settings and control to be shared between
the two channels. When paired, channels 1- 8 are paired with 11- 18 (bank
1), 21- 28 with 31- 38 (bank 2), 41- 48 with 51- 58 (bank 3), and 61- 68 with
71- 78 (bank 4). For example, a preset of bank 1 (Chapter 4) with an
applicable distribution board or sending the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PAIRed:MODE ON, (@1101)
pairs channel 1 and channel 11. A bank preset pairs all channels in a
bank as would the command sent to bank 1:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PAIRed:MODE ON, (@1101:1108)
As mentioned in Chapter 2, paired channels are controlled by a single
command and only the lower channel of the pair is specified. Thus, the
settings provided by the following commands:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:WIDTh
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIMe:RECovery
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIMe:SETTle
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:ENABle
apply to both channels in the pair.
Paired Drive With Separate Position Indicators
The simplified schematic below illustrates the connection for a dual coil
switch with separate position indicators. The position indicators for this
type of switch are independent relay contacts that are mechanically linked
to the RF switch position.
The RF paths are not shown in the simplified diagram. The coils are
driven in open collector mode. The position indicator is set so that a high
level indicates an active switch. The logic level of the position indicator
can be inverted using the ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POLarity command.
As shown, Channel 01 was pulsed to close Coil A. The corresponding
position indicator also closed. Closing position indicator A opens position
indicator B.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
113
5
Additional Operating Information
The schematic shown is similar to the Agilent N181x series of switches. 
34945EXT
Logic Gate
Y1155A
Distribution
Board
Switch
Sense
IND 11
IND 1
Pull Down
Resistor
A
B
+VI
+VR
Coil A
Coil B
Open Collector
Output Drivers
DRV 1
DRV 11
Figure 5-4. Dual-Coil Switch Connection Diagram (separate position indicators).
Paired Drive With Combined Position Indicators
The simplified schematic below illustrates the connection for a dual drive
switch with an integral position indicator. The position indicators for this
type of switch are electrically connected to the device’s drive coil. This is
a typical arrangement for microwave attenuators. For these types of
position indicators, you must make a parallel connection at the
distribution board between the channel drive and the indicator input.
With these types of devices, positive voltage is present on the paired coil
opposite the position the switch is currently in. Typically you will need to
invert the logic level of the position indicator using the
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POLarity command.
As shown, Channel 01 was pulsed to close Port 1. The corresponding
position indicator also closed.
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5
Additional Operating Information
The schematic shown is similar to the Agilent 876x series of switches and
849x series of step attenuators.
34945EXT
Logic Gate
Sense
Y1155A
Distribution
Board
IND 11
Switch
Drive Port 2 –
Pull Down
Resistor
+VR
Logic Gate
Sense
Pull Down
Resistor
Drive Common +
IND 1
+VI
Drive Port 1 –
Open Collector
Output Drivers
Pivot
Armature
DRV 1
DRV 11
Port 1
Port C
Port 2
Figure 5-5. Dual-Coil Switch Connection Diagram (combined position indicators).
Pulsed Actuation Mode
The pulsed actuation mode is set during a bank preset. Pulsed mode can
also be set with the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:MODE ON
It is also set when channels are paired either through a bank preset or
with the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PAIRed:MODE ON
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5
Additional Operating Information
Figure 5- 6 illustrates the pulse actuation for two channels (switches) and
the relationship of the drive parameters to the power supply requirements.
T(Setttle)
T(Pulse)
T(Recovery)
Drive Ch 1
Drive Ch2
Start Drive
Channel 1
Start Drive
Channel 2
Channel 1 Position
Indicators Evaluated
Figure 5-6. Pulse Actuation Mode Diagram.
As shown in the figure , the actuation pulse is applied to channel 1 and
held for the T(Pulse) time set by the bank preset which is 15.0 ms, or as
set with the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:WIDTh
The actuation pulse is applied to channel 2 only after a power supply
recovery period has elapsed T(Recovery). The power supply recovery time
can be set for each channel, and is set to 0.0 ms during a bank preset
(Chapter 4). The recovery time can be changed using the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIMe:RECovery
When verifying channel closure, you can also specify a settling time
(T(Settle)). This parameter ensures the switch has had time to change
state before the position indicator (of the switch) is evaluated.
The settling time can be set for each channel and is set to 0.0 ms during
a bank preset (Chapter 4). The settling time can be changed using the
command
ROUTe:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIMe:SETTle
The L4490A/L4491A will always pulse a channel in response to a
ROUTe:OPEN or ROUTe:CLOSe command. For example, sending ROUTe:CLOSe
to a channel three times in a row will result in three actuation pulses.
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5
Additional Operating Information
NOT E
A single coil (unpaired) channel operating in pulsed mode with channel
verification turned off (default) will report the channel as ‘stateless’ and
return an error if the command:
ROUTe:CLOSe?
is sent. Single coil channels driven by an actuation pulse must have
verification enabled with the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify ON)
to query the channel state using the ROUTe:CLOSe? query.
Overcurrent Conditions
During operation, exceeding the L4490A/L4491A internal switch drive
power supply current specification of 600 mA can cause overcurrent
conditions within the instrument’s power supply, thus shutting down the
supply and generating errors such as:
+943,"Remote module topology change; Slot 1: Slot must be reset"

+308,"Channel not able to perform requested operation; Chan 1101:
Remote module channel drive disabled"

+935,”Overcurrent detected”

In this situation, the overcurrent condition must be removed and you must
cycle power on the L4490A/L4491A to re- enable the supply.
Overcurrent conditions are often caused by the actuation (switching)
current the switch requires, and the duty cycle of the actuation pulse.
For the L4490A/L4491A, the duty cycle is set through presets of the
distribution boards, or can be set programmatically by combination of the
commands:

ROUT:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:Width
ROUTE:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:RECovery

Figure 5- 7 shows the relationship between actuation pulse width and
power supply recovery time.
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117
5
Additional Operating Information
Figure 5-7. Actuation Pulse Duty Cycle: Pulse Width + Recovery Time.
Overcurrent conditions can often be avoided with an activation pulse duty
cycle of 25%. This allows the power supply to recover before the next
actuation pulse is sent. An example of pulse width and recovery time
values that achieve a 25% duty cycle is:
ROUT:CHANnel:DRIVe:PULSe:Width 0.015, (@1101)
ROUTE:CHANnel:DRIVe:TIME:RECovery 0.045, (@1101)
Because switching speeds vary between switches, it may be necessary to
vary the pulse width and recovery time settings to achieve values that
prevent overcurrent conditions, yet still achieve the desired system
performance. Using switches with current interrupt options can also
increase performance as less power is consumed by the switch.
Overcurrent Conditions with External Supplies
Overcurrent conditions can occur using an external supply if the
supported 2A limit of the 34945EXT is momentarily exceeded. The duty
cycle of the externally supplied actuation pulse is regulated using the same
commands as used with the internal supply.
Command Execution Times
Setting pulse widths and/or power supply recovery times at, or close to
their maximum values results in longer command (open/close) execution
times. For example, setting a channel pulse width of 255 ms and a
recovery time of 
255 ms requires 510 ms for the command to complete. Setting these values
for all channels on the 34945EXT could result in an execution time of over
30 seconds.
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5
Additional Operating Information
Note that during a reset, all channel states are actuated resulting in
possible delays during the execution of:
*RST
SYSTem:CPON
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce
Verifying Switch States
Many switches and attenuators have built- in switch position indicators.
The indicators can be used to drive LED position indicators on the
distribution boards. The L4490A/L4491A checks the switch position
indicator against the SCPI command last sent to provide verification of the
state.
Enabling Verification
Following a preset of any of the distribution boards, electronic verification
is disabled and the switch state is assumed to be the last open/close state
driven. Verification is enabled through the channel configuration window
(Chapter 4) or using the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:ENABle
If a switch operation appears to have failed while electronic verification is
enabled, an error is generated at the time either of the commands:
ROUTe:CLOSe
ROUTe:OPEN
is executed. If either of these commands specify a channel list (i.e., more
than one channel), the verification is performed after all open/close
operations have completed. An error is generated for each channel
operation that did not verify correctly.
With electronic verification enabled, the commands:
ROUTe:CLOSe?
ROUTe:OPEN?
return the actual (verified) hardware state of the specified channel(s),
which may or may not correspond to the programmed state.
Electronic verification of switch position will slow performance of the
verified channels. Additionally, if you have enabled the command overlap
function using the command:
ROUTe:OPERation:OVERlap:ENABle ON
any overlapping is suspended until position verification is complete.
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5
Additional Operating Information
Verification Line Polarity
The polarity of the verification lines is set following a preset of the
distribution boards for the switches it supports. The polarity can also be set
from the channel configuration window (Chapter 4) or with the command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POLarity
The polarity settings are NORMal (active high - closed) or INVerted (active
low - closed).
Verifying the Switch State Independently
Electronic verification of the switch position is also possible without
enabling verification from the channel configuration window (Chapter 4)
or through the ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:ENABle command. The command:
ROUTe:CHANnel:VERify:POSition:STATe?
verifies the channel state electronically and is useful when verification is
disabled for performance reasons.
Switch States Using Paired Channels
For paired channels, enabling electronic verification on the lower paired
channel also enables verification of the higher channel. The verification
checks for complementary switch positions of the lower and upper
channels (i.e., the position indicators should indicate opposite states). If
the position indicators are found to be in the same state an error is
generated and the state of the lower channel is assumed.
When the paired mode is disabled and pulsed mode is enabled, you cannot
query the channel state (opened/closed) unless verification is enabled.
Also, with this configuration, only “close” operations are allowed.
LED Drive Indicators
The distribution boards contain a ribbon cable header that can be used to
connect LEDs to provide a visual indication of switch state (Chapter 2).
These lines reflect the state of their corresponding channel’s position
indicator. Some systems use the LEDs as a graphical indicator of switch
positions.
The LED drive indicators are enabled following a preset of the distribution
boards (Chapter 4) and are also enabled with the command:
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:ENABle
The drive current for the LEDs can be set from the bank configuration
window (Chapter 4) or with the command:
ROUTe:RMODule:BANK:LED:DRIVe:LEVel
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5
Additional Operating Information
You do not need to provide an external current limiting resistor.
NOT E
The LEDs obtain their power from the power supply of the 34945EXT
module. If command:
ROUTe:RMODule:DRIVe:SOURce OFF
has been sent, the LEDs will not operate. Refer to Chapter 2 for
additional information on LED connector pin definitions and cabling.
L4490A/L4491A Digital IO and Relay Driver Option 004
The following sections contain additional information on the digital
(general purpose) IO and relay drive option to the RF switch platform.
Digital I/O Functions
The Digital input/output (DIO) channels (2001, 2002) each provide an 8- bit
byte of DIO, which may be accessed separately or combined together to
form one 16- bit word. In addition to these 16 bits, the P102 connector
contains three output- only control lines (pins 22- 24 - Chapter 4) that are
always enabled. These lines represent the handshake sequence that
regulates read/write data transfers (Figure 5- 8).
Data Read Sequence
When reading data on the input as with the command:
SENSe:DIGital:DATA[:<width>]? [<format>,] (@<ch_list>)
control line 3 (read/write status line - pin 24) is set high. If the read
target is byte 1 (channel 2001), control line 1 is set strobe low, the byte 1
data is read, and then control line 1 is set strobe high. The strobe pulse
width is 3.75 3s, and the time from strobe low to valid data is 1.25 3s.
Similarly, if the read target is byte 2 (channel 2002), control line 2 is set
strobe low, the byte 2 data is read, and then control line 2 is set strobe
high. The strobe pulse width is 3.75 3s, and the time from strobe low to
valid data is 
1.25 3s.
If both bytes (channels 2001 and 2002 combined) are targeted as a word,
both control lines 1 and 2 are set strobe low, both bytes (16- bits) are read
on the input, and both control lines are set strobe high. The strobe pulse
width is longer (5 3s) than for a single byte read, but the time from strobe
low to valid data is still 1.25 3s.
In all three instances, once the data has been read, the data lines are left
in tri- state (indeterminate).
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5
Additional Operating Information
Data Write Sequence
When writing data to the output as with the command:
SOURce:DIGital:DATA[:<width>] <data>, (@<ch_list>)
control line 3 (read/write status line - pin 24) is set low. If the write
target is byte 1 (channel 2001), control line 1 is set strobe low, the byte 1
data is written to the output, and then control line 1 is set strobe high.
Valid data is present 1.25 3s before the control line strobe is set high.
Control line 3 is then set high.
Similarly, if the write target is byte 2 (channel 2002), control line 2 is set
strobe low, the byte 2 data is written to the output, and then control line
2 is set strobe high. Valid data is present 1.25 3s before the control line
strobe is set high. Control line 3 is then set high.
If both bytes (channels 2001 and 2002 combined) are targeted in the write,
both control lines 1 and 2 are set strobe low, both bytes’ data are written
to the output (16- bits), and both control lines are set strobe high. Valid
data is present 1.25 3s before the control line strobe is set high. Control
line 3 is then set high.
In all three instances, once the data has been written, the data is kept on
the data lines until another (read or write) command changes them.
Digital Read and Write Timing Diagrams
The strobe timing, control line status and data timing for the read and
write commands as explained above are illustrated in the diagrams that
follow:
Option 004 module
Figure 5-8. Digital IO Read and Write Timing Diagrams.
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Agilent L4490A/L4491A RF Switch Platform
User’s Guide
A
Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly
Instructions
Y1157A Cable Kit Assembly 124
Y1158A Cable Kit Assembly 126
10-pin to 10-pin Cable 126
14-pin to 10-pin Cable 127
Y1159A Cable Kit Assembly 129
In addition to the cables provided in the Y1170A - Y1174A bracket kits,
three cable kits are available for connecting switches and attenuators to
the Y115xA distribution boards:
Y1157A
Y1158A
Y1159A
The cable kits used with each switch/attenuator and distribution board are
identified in parentheses ( ) in Table 1- 2.
Agilent Technologies
123
A
Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
Y1157A Cable Kit Assembly
The Y1157A is a 10- pin ribbon connector to 9- pin D- Sub cable kit. The kit
contains materials to build four cables and is used with the following
distribution boards:
• Y1150A
• Y1152A
• Y1154A
The switches used with the Y1150A, Y1152A, and Y1154A which can also
use the Y1157A cable are identified in Table 1- 2.
The key to building the cables correctly is to understand the orientation of
the socket pins on the distribution boards and the pin number orientation
of the cable connectors. This orientation is shown in Figure A- 1. When
using the D- sub connector, always refer to the pin orientation shown in
the figure. Do not use the pin numbers printed on the part.
X
2
10
1
9
6
4
2
1 3 5 7 9
2 4 6 8
9
Distribution Board Connector
(10-pin)
8
7
5
3
1
Ribbon Connector (10-pin)
D-Sub Connector (9-pin)
Figure A-1. Distribution Board Socket and Y1157A Cable Connector Orientation.
The steps for building the cables are as follows:
1. Cut the ribbon cable slightly longer than the desired length.

2. Position the D- Sub connector and the ribbon cable connector as shown
in Figure A- 2. Route the cable through the connectors, noting the location
of cable pin 1. By convention, pin 1 is indicated in red (the dark line in
the drawing).
124
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Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
A
pin 1 of ribbon cable
strain relief
align connector contacts
over cable lines
“press” until metal contacts are no longer
visible (same for D-Sub connector)
Figure A-2. Y1157A Connector Orientation and Ribbon Cable Routing.

3. Move the connectors to the ends of the cable, allowing for some overlap
on the D- Sub connector end and strain relief on the ribbon cable
connector end. Note the orientation of the connectors and cable in the
figure.
4. Align the metal contacts of the ribbon connector over cable pin 1
(Figure A- 2) and the other pins, press the ribbon cable connector onto the
cable using a vise or clamp to press the contacts evenly through the cable
insulation. Continue to press the connector until the metal contacts are no
longer visible.
5. Fasten the strain relief clamp over the cable and into the ribbon cable
connector as shown in Figure A- 2. Remove any excess cable after the
clamp is in place.
6. Align the metal contacts of the D- Sub connector over cable pin 1 and
the other pins, press the D- Sub connector onto the cable using a vise or
clamp to press the contacts evenly through the cable insulation. Continue
to press the connector until the metal contacts are no longer visible.
Remove any excess cable after the connector is in place.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
125
A
Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
Y1158A Cable Kit Assembly
The Y1158A is a 10- pin to 10- pin and 14- pin to 10- pin ribbon connector
cable kit. The Y1158A kit contains materials to build two cables of either
type or one of each and is used with the following distribution boards:
• Y1153A (10- pin to 10- pin cable)
• Y1154A (14- pin to 10- pin cable)
The switches used with the Y1153A and Y1154A which can also use the
Y1158A cable are identified in Table 1- 2.
The key to building the cables correctly is to understand the orientation of
the socket pins on the distribution boards and the pin number orientation
of the cable connectors. This orientation is shown in Figure A- 3.
2
10
1
9
Distribution Board Connector
(10-pin)
2
14
1
13
Distribution Board Connector
(14-pin)
10 8
6
4
2
9
5
3
1
7
Ribbon Connector (10-pin)
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
Ribbon Connector (14-pin)
Figure A-3. Distribution Board Socket and Y1158A Cable Connector Orientation.
The steps for building the cables are as follows:
10-pin to 10-pin Cable
1. Cut the ribbon cable slightly longer than the desired length to allow for
strain relief.
2. Position the ribbon cable connectors as shown in Figure A- 4. Route the
cable through the connectors, noting the location of pin 1 on the cable. By
convention, pin 1 is indicated in red (the dark line in the drawing).
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A
Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
2
1
10
9
pin 1 of ribbon cable
strain relief
align connector contacts
over cable lines
“press” until metal contacts
are no longer visible
Figure A-4. Y1158A 10-pin to 10-pin Connector Orientation and Cable Routing.
3. Move the connectors towards the ends of the cable, with some overlap
for strain relief. Note the orientation of the connectors and cable in the
figure.
4. Align the metal contacts of the ribbon connector over cable pin 1 and
the other pins, press the ribbon cable connector onto the cable using a
vise or clamp to press the contacts evenly through the cable insulation.
Continue to press the connector until the metal contacts are no longer
visible.
5. Repeat Step 4 for the other connector.
6. Fasten the strain relief clamps over the cable and into the ribbon cable
connectors as shown in Figure A- 4. Remove any excess cable after the
clamps are in place.
14-pin to 10-pin Cable
1. Cut the ribbon cable slightly longer than the desired length to allow for
strain relief.
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
127
A
Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
2. Position the ribbon cable connectors as shown in Figure A- 5. Route the
cable through the connectors, noting the location of pin 1 on the cable. By
convention, pin 1 is indicated in red (the dark line in the drawing).
2
14
1
13
10-pin connector
only pins 1- 10 are used
strain relief
pin 1 of ribbon cable
align connector contacts
over cable lines
“press” until metal contacts
are no longer visible
Figure A-5. Y1158A 14-pin to 10-pin Connector Orientation and Cable Routing.
3. Move the connectors towards the ends of the cable, with some overlap
for strain relief. Note the orientation of the connectors and cable in the
figure.
4. Align the metal contacts of the 14- pin ribbon connector over cable pins
1 through 10. The 14- pin connector will only make contact with pins 1
through 10. Press the ribbon cable connector onto the cable using a vise
or clamp to press the contacts evenly through the cable insulation.
Continue to press the connector until the metal contacts are no longer
visible.
5. Repeat Step 4 for the 10- pin to 10- pin connector, noting the location of
pin 1 on the cable.
6. Fasten the strain relief clamps over the cable and into the ribbon cable
connectors as shown in Figure A- 5. Remove any excess cable after the
clamps are in place.
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Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
A
Y1159A Cable Kit Assembly
The Y1159A is a 16- pin to 16- pin ribbon connector cable kit. The Y1159A
kit contains materials to build two cables and is used with the following
distribution boards:
• Y1150A
(LED position indicators)
• Y1151A
(87104/87106/87406 and LED position indicators)
• Y1152A
(87204/87206/87606 and LED position indicators)
• Y1153A
(LED position indicators)
• Y1154A
(LED position indicators)
• Y1155A
(LED position indicators)
When connected to the LED1 or LED2 socket, the Y1159A cable allows you
route the states of up to eight coils to LEDs mounted on a control panel.
The Y1159A kit is also used with the Y1151A and Y1152A distribution
boards for support of the switches listed above.
The key to building the cables correctly is to understand the orientation of
the socket pins on the distribution boards and the pin number orientation
of the cable connectors. This orientation is shown in Figure A- 6.
2
16
1
15
Distribution Board Connector
(16-pin)
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
15
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
Ribbon Connector (16-pin)
Figure A-6. Distribution Board Socket and Y1159A Cable Connector
Orientation.
The steps for building the cables are as follows:
1. Cut the ribbon cable slightly longer than the desired length to allow for
strain relief.
2. Position the ribbon cable connectors as shown in Figure A- 7. Route the
cable through the connectors, noting the location of pin 1 on the cable. By
convention, pin 1 is indicated in red (the dark line in the drawing).
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
129
A
Y1157A - Y1159A Cable Assembly Instructions
2
16
1
15
pin 1 of ribbon cable
strain relief
align connector contacts
over cable lines
“press” until metal contacts
are no longer visible
Figure A-7. Y1159A 16-pin to 16-pin Connector Orientation and Cable Routing.
3. Move the connectors towards the ends of the cable, with some overlap
for strain relief. Note the orientation of the connectors and cable in the
figure.
4. Align the metal contacts of the ribbon connector over cable pin 1 and
the other pins, press the ribbon cable connector onto the cable using a
vise or clamp to press the contacts evenly through the cable insulation.
Continue to press the connector until the metal contacts are no longer
visible.
5. Repeat Step 4 for the other connector.
6. Fasten the strain relief clamps over the cable and into the ribbon cable
connectors as shown in Figure A- 7. Remove any excess cable after the
clamps are in place.
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L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
Numerics
34945EXT
bank numbering, 27
connection to L4490A, 25
connection to L4491A, 25
description, 3, 22
maximum number, 3, 22
34945EXT interconnections, 25
34945EXT module, 25
849x series
attenuator configuration and
wiring, 37
849x series attenuators
changing settings, 86
presetting, 86
web programming, 86
849xx series
attenuator configuration and
wiring, 36, 38
849xx series attenuators
changing settings, 86
presetting, 86
web programming, 86
87222 series
switch configuration and wiring, 39
87222 series switches
changing settings and enabling the
channel drive, 88
presetting the bank, 88
web interface programming, 88
8765 series
switch configuration and wiring, 41
876x series
switch configuration and wiring, 40
876x series switches
changing settings and enabling the
channel drive, 90
presetting the bank, 90
web interface programming, 90
876xK series
switch configuration and wiring, 42
876xM series
switch configuration and wiring, 35
876xM series switches
changing settings, 86
presetting, 86
web programming, 86
87xxx series
switch configuration and wiring, 33,
34
87xxx series switches
changing settings and enabling the
channel drive, 82, 84
presetting the bank, 82, 84
web interface programming, 82, 84
A
accessories for the RF platform, 4
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
adding instruments to the interface, 49
address string
GPIB, 55
addressing
IP addresses and host names, 53
Agilent Connection Expert
GPIB configuration, 53
Interactive IO, 56
locating instruments, 50
Agilent IO libraries
computer requirements, 47
installation, 47
applying power, 57
attenuator configuration and wiring
849x series, 37
849xx series, 36, 38
attenuator configurations, 31
B
bank commands, 27
bank configuration window, 71
bank diagram, 72
bank preset
87222 series, 88
876x series, 90
87xxx series, 82, 84
L7222 series, 88
L7xxx series, 82
N1810 series, 80
U9397A/C, 90
brackets, 7
Y1170A and Y1171A kits, 8
Y1172A kit, 9
Y1173A kit, 10
Y1174A kit, 11
Y1175A kit, 12
browser web control page, 67
bank configuration window, 71
bank diagram, 72
IsOpen/IsClosed, 72
legend, 72
observe only / allow full control, 69
position indicator, 72
remote module configuration
window, 69
SCPI command interface, 72
switch/attenuator channel
configuration window, 70
viewing remote modules, 69
web interface programming, 80
C
cable kits
Y1157A, 124
Y1158A, 126
Y1159A, 129
changing the GPIB address, 55
channel numbering, 27
channel pairing, 28
channel/relay relationship, 28
channels
non-paired, 28
command execution times, 118
command summary
SCPI, 100
commands
bank, 27
module, 27
computer configuration, 53
configuration
LAN, 49
connecting switches to brackets, 7
Connection Expert
GPIB configuration, 53
Interactive IO, 56
locating instruments, 50
Connection Expert utility
LAN configuration, 49
controller box
DC outputs, 24
D
DC output power supplies, 24
defining sequences, 92
development environments, 46
logging commands for transfer to, 73
diagnostics, 75
digital data
34959A, 121
digital IO and relay drive option, 93
configuration, 96
connector pin definitions, 93
digital IO and relay driver option, 121
digital IO functions, 121
digital IO read and write timing
diagrams, 122
downloading firmware updates, 58
downloading the IVI-COM driver, 63
driver updates, 58
drivers, 46
drivers,required, 46, 86, 97
dual-coil switches and attenuators, 112
E
environments
operating and storage, 3
external power supplies, 25
external power supply
considerations, 30
F
factory settings, 96, 97
131
firmware updates, 58
downloads, 58
installation, 59
installation with L4491A option
002, 61
update utility, 58
front panel LED descriptions, 57
G
GPIB
adding instruments to the
configuration, 54
address string, 55
changing the address, 55
using Agilent Connection Expert, 53
GPIB address
changing, 55
GPIB configuration, 53
GPIB interface
general information, 31
H
host name and IP address
obtaining, 67
host names and IP addresses, 52
I
input power, 3
installation
Agilent IO libraries, 47
IVI drivers, 48
trays, 13
installing switches and attenuators, 6
instrument addressing
GPIB address string, 55
IP addresses and host names, 53
instrument configuration, 23
instrument interconnections, 23
34945EXT to 34945EXT, 25
34945EXT to external power
supplies, 25
L4490A/L4491A to 34945EXT, 25
PC to L4490A/L4491A, 25
instruments
locating, 50
Interactive IO, 56
interface configuration
GPIB, 49
LAN, 49
internal supply considerations, 29
IO libraries
computer requirements, 47
installation, 47
IP address and host name
obtaining, 67
IP addresses and host names, 52
132
isolated LAN networks, 22
IsOpen/IsClosed, 72
IVI drivers
installation, 48
IVI-COM
driver updates, 58, 63
K
kits
Y1170A,
Y1171A,
Y1172A,
Y1173A,
Y1174A,
Y1175A,
8
8
9
10
11
12
L
L4411A,programming environments, 46,
86, 97
L4445A
description, 3, 22
recovery time, 115
settling time, 115
L4490A
bank configuration window, 71
browser web control page, 67
channel pairing, 112
connection to 34945EXT, 25
continuous drive mode, 110
drive modes, 109
dual drive mode, 112
factory settings, 96, 97
firmware updates, 58
open-collector drive mode, 109
option 004, 93
pulse drive mode, 115
remote module configuration
window, 69
SCPI command interface, 72
SCPI command summary, 100
single drive mode, 110
switch tray, 13
switch/attenuator channel
configuration window, 70
TTL drive mode, 109
using the web-enabled interface, 66
web interface home page, 67
web interface programming, 80
L4490A/L4491A
controller box DC outputs, 24
L4491A
bank configuation window, 71
browser web control page, 67
channel pairing, 112
connection to 34945EXT, 25
continuous drive mode, 110
drive modes, 109
dual drive mode, 112
factory settings, 96, 97
firmware updates, 58
multiport front panel, 18
open-collector drive mode, 109
option 004, 93
pulse drive mode, 115
remote module configuation
window, 69
SCPI command interface, 72
SCPI command summary, 100
single drive mode, 110
switch bays, 14
switch tray, 16
switch/attenuator channel configuation
window, 70
TTL drive mode, 109
using the web-enabled interface, 66
web interface home page, 67
web interface programming, 80
L4491A option 002
firmware updates, 61
L7222 series
switch configuration and wiring, 39
L7222 series switches
changing settings and enabling the
channel drive, 88
presetting the bank, 88
web interface programming, 88
L7xxx series
switch configuration and wiring, 33
L7xxx series switches
changing settings and enabling the
channel drive, 82
presetting the bank, 82
web interface programming, 82
LAN
default configuration settings, 58
network configuration, 22
selecting a configuration, 22
LAN configuration, 49
LAN network
considerations, 22
selecting, 22
LED descriptions, 57
LED drive indicators, 120
legend, 72
locating information, 2
locating instruments, 50
logging commands, 73
M
master module, 3, 22
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
materials included with shipment, 3
module commands, 27
multiport front panel, 18
N
N1810 series
switch configuration and wiring, 32
N1810 series switches
changing settings and enabling the
channel drive, 80
presetting the bank, 80
web interface programming, 80
N1811 series
switch configuration and wiring, 32
N1812 series
switch configuration and wiring, 32
network configuration, 22
private LAN considerations, 22
site LAN considerations, 23
network considerations, 22
non-paired channels, 28
numbering
channels, 27
O
operating environment, 3
option 004, 121
options
001, 18
004, 93
005, 14
006, 16
output power supplies, 24
overcurrent conditions, 117
external supplies, 118
P
pairing
channels, 28
pairing channels, 113
PC connection to instrument, 25
position indicator, 72
position indicator verification, 78
power requirements, 3
power supplies
external, 25
external considerations, 30
internal considerations, 29
power supply considerations, 28
power-on and reset states, 96
private LAN networks, 22
product options, 13
programming sequences, 92
proxy server, 53
pulsed actuation mode, 115
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
R
recommended accessories
table, 4
recommended drivers, 46
recommended use model, 2
recovery time
L4445A, 115
reference information, 119
command execution times, 118
digital IO and relay driver option
004, 121
digital IO read and write timing
diagrams, 122
drive modes, 109
dual-coil devices, 112
LED drive indicators, 120
overcurrent conditions, 117
pairing channels, 113
pulsed actuation mode, 115
single coil devices, 110
relay drive and digital IO option, 93
configuration, 96
connector pin definitions, 93
relay/channel relationship, 28
remote module configuration window, 69
remote modules
viewing, 69
removing the top and bottom covers, 6
required drivers, 46, 86, 97
reset and power-on states, 96
RF platform
position indicator verification, 78
verification, 75
verification sequence, 75
RF platform accessories, 4
RF platfrom
installing switches and attenuators, 6
S
SCPI command interface, 72
logging commands, 73
SCPI command summary, 100
sequence programming, 92
defining a sequence, 92
settling time
L4445A, 115
shipment
materials included, 3
side panels
removing, 6
single-coil switches and attenuators, 110
site LAN considerations, 23
slave module, 3, 22
software installation
Agilent IO libraries, 47
computer requirements, 47
IVI drivers, 48
software requirements, 46
storage environment, 3
switch bays
L4491A, 14
switch brackets, 7
switch configuration and wiring
87222 series, 39
8765 series, 41
876x series, 40
876xK series, 42
876xM series, 35
87xxx series, 33, 34
L7222 series, 39
L7xxx series, 33
N1810 series, 32
U9397A/C, 43
switch configurations, 31
switch control tables, 104
Y1150A, 104
Y1151A, 104
Y1152A, 105
Y1153A, 106
Y1154A, 106
Y1155A, 107
switch installation
bracket-switch assembly, 7
switch position indicators, 119
switch state verification, 119
switch states and position indicators, 119
switch trays, 13
L4490A, 13
L4491A, 16
switch/attenuator channel configuration
window, 70
T
technical support
phone numbers, ii
Web site, ii
top and bottom covers
removing, 6
troubleshooting, 75
U
U9397A/C
switch configuration and wiring, 43
U9397A/C switches
changing settings and enabling the, 90
presetting the bank, 90
web interface programming, 90
updating firmware, 58
USB interface
general information, 31
use model, 2
using the GPIB and USB interface
general information, 31
133
V
verification
L4445A, 119
RF platfrom, 75
verification sequence, 75
viewing remote modules, 69
W
web interface programming, 80
8490x series attenuators, 86
849x series attenuators, 86
87222 series switches, 88
876x series switches, 90
876xM series switches, 86
87xxx series switches, 82, 84
L7222 series switches, 88
L7xxx series switches, 82
N1810 series switches, 80
U9397A/C switches, 90
Web-enabled instrument interface and
Interactive IO, 55
Web-enabled interface
browser web control page, 67
connecting to the instrument, 67
getting started, 66
Y1158A cable, 35, 36, 38, 39
Y1158A cable kit assembly, 126
Y1159A cable, 33, 34
Y1159A cable kit assembly, 129
Y1170A
cable, 32
Y1171A
cable, 32
Y1172A
cable, 33, 34
Y1173A
cable, 39
Y1174A
cable, 36
Y
Y1150A
configuration and wiring, 32
switch control table, 104
Y1151A
configuration and wiring, 33
switch control table, 104
Y1152A
configuration and wiring, 34
switch control table, 105
Y1153A
configuration and wiring, 35
switch control table, 106
Y1153A configuration and wiring, 36,
37, 38
Y1154A
configuration and wiring, 39
switch control table, 106
Y1155A
LED connector pin definitions, 107
LED connector pins, 108
switch control table, 107
Y1155A configuration and wiring, 40,
41, 42, 43
Y1156A
position indicator verification, 78
verification board, 75
verification sequence, 75
Y1157A cable, 32
Y1157A cable kit assembly, 124
134
L4490A/L4491A User’s Guide
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