Moxa CP-134U w/o Cable

Moxa CP-134U w/o Cable
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Industrial 4-Port RS-422/485 Serial Board for Universal PCI Bus
Eleventh Edition, June 2005
www.moxa.com/product
Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
Tel:
+886-2-8919-1230
Fax: +886-2-8919-1231
Web: www.moxa.com
MOXA Technical Support
[email protected]
Worldwide:
[email protected]
The Americas
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
The software described in this manual is furnished under a license agreement and may be used only in
accordance with the terms of that agreement.
Copyright Notice
Copyright © 2005 Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction without permission is prohibited.
Trademarks
MOXA is a registered trademark of The Moxa Group.
All other trademarks or registered marks in this manual belong to their respective manufacturers.
Disclaimer
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the
part of Moxa.
Moxa provides this document “as is,” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but
not limited to, its particular purpose. Moxa reserves the right to make improvements and/or changes to this
manual, or to the products and/or the programs described in this manual, at any time.
Information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However, Moxa Technologies
assumes no responsibility for its use, or for any infringements on the rights of third parties that may result from
its use.
This product might include unintentional technical or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the
information herein to correct such errors, and these changes are incorporated into new editions of the
publication.
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Customer satisfaction is our number one concern, and to ensure that customers receive the full
benefit of our products, Moxa Internet Services has been set up to provide technical support, driver
updates, product information, and user’s manual updates.
The following services are provided:
E-mail for technical support:
[email protected]
The Americas [email protected]
Website for product and company information:
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The Americas .....................http://www.MoxaUSA.com
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Appendix A
Introduction ............................................................................................................... 1-1
Overview.................................................................................................................................. 1-2
Features.................................................................................................................................... 1-3
Package Checklist .................................................................................................................... 1-3
Hardware Installation ............................................................................................... 2-1
CP-134U Series Block Diagrams............................................................................................. 2-2
Installing the CP-134U Series Board ....................................................................................... 2-7
Software Installation................................................................................................. 3-1
Windows 2003 ......................................................................................................................... 3-2
Installing the Driver...................................................................................................... 3-2
How to Check the Installation ...................................................................................... 3-6
Windows 2000/XP ................................................................................................................... 3-9
Installing the Driver...................................................................................................... 3-9
How to Check the Installation .................................................................................... 3-15
Removing the Driver .................................................................................................. 3-17
Windows 95/98 ...................................................................................................................... 3-19
Installing the Driver.................................................................................................... 3-19
Windows NT.......................................................................................................................... 3-26
Installing the Driver.................................................................................................... 3-27
Configuring the Board and Ports ................................................................................ 3-29
DOS ....................................................................................................................................... 3-33
Installing the Driver.................................................................................................... 3-33
Setting up the Driver................................................................................................... 3-34
Legends....................................................................................................................... 3-35
Loading the Driver...................................................................................................... 3-36
Unloading the Driver .................................................................................................. 3-36
Linux...................................................................................................................................... 3-36
Serial Programming Tools ....................................................................................... 4-1
RS-485 Programming .............................................................................................................. 4-4
ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control)............................................................. 4-4
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring..................................................................... 5-1
Pinouts and Cable Wiring ........................................................................................................ 5-1
RS-232 Interface........................................................................................................... 5-2
RS-422 Interface........................................................................................................... 5-2
RS-485 Interface........................................................................................................... 5-3
Individual Port Pinouts ................................................................................................. 5-4
Cable Wiring—DB9 ..................................................................................................... 5-6
Impedance Matching and Termination Resistors ..................................................................... 5-8
Troubleshooting........................................................................................................ 6-1
General Troubleshooting.......................................................................................................... 6-1
Windows NT............................................................................................................................ 6-2
Windows 95/98 ........................................................................................................................ 6-2
Technical Reference .................................................................................................A-1
Specifications.......................................................................................................................... A-1
PCI .......................................................................................................................................... A-2
Return Procedure .................................................................................................................... A-2
1
Chapter 1
Introduction
Welcome to the MOXA CP-134U Series of industrial 4-port RS-422/485 serial boards for the PCI
bus. Moxa’s Universal PCI CP-134U series meets the new slot standard for expansion boards, and
works with both 3.3V and 5V PCI slots. The CP-134U series offers 4 independent RS-422/485
serial ports for connecting data acquisition equipment and many other serial devices to a PC and
compatible systems. It provides a reliable communication link (RS-422/485) over a long distance
(up to 4000 ft), and is suitable for industrial environments.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰ Overview
‰ Features
‰ Package Checklist
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Introduction
Overview
Industio—The Industrial Multiport Async Solution
Moxa Industio products are smart, multiport serial I/O solutions for industrial applications. The
CP-134U Series boards, including CP134U-I and CP-134U, are designed for a 32-bit PCI bus
with the Plug and Play and Universal PCI feature. The ports for these boards can be configured
independently, with ports 1 and 2 set to the RS-232, RS-422, or RS-485 interface, and ports 3 and
4 set to the RS-422 or RS-485 interface. Industio products provide a reliable communication link
over a longer distance (up to 4000 ft for ports set to the RS-422/485 interface), and are suitable for
industrial environments. Connections with point-to-point full-duplex (RS-422 or 4-wire RS-485)
or multi-drop half-duplex (2-wire RS-485) are available to meet user’s various needs. And each
RS-485 port can control up to 32 devices in a multi-drop environment.
ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control) for RS-485
To make it easier to manage 2-wire RS-485 half-duplex connections, ADDC™ (Automatic Data
Direction Control) intelligence is built into each CP-134U series board, eliminating the need for
software interference. This means that Windows applications can manage RS-485 ports without
needing to write extra code for controlling the half-duplex protocol.
With their well-designed and fine-tuned device driver, CP-134U boards make full use of the 128
byte Tx/Rx FIFO and on-chip H/W and S/W flow control, so that they can transfer data without
loss even at speeds as high as 921.6 Kbps, providing a reliable, high performance solution for
serial multiport communications.
Termination Resistors Ready for RS-422/485
Termination Resistors are already installed on the CP-134U series boards, eliminating the
headaches involved in determining the proper impedance for the resistors. For more details, refer
to the “Connection Cable and Cable Wiring” chapter.
Surge/Isolation Protection
To prevent boards from being damaged by lightning or high potential voltage, TVSS (Transient
Voltage Surge Suppressor) technology is included in some models to protect the board. An optical
isolation option (2000V), and embedded surge protection (max. ESD of 16 KV, max. EFT of 2 KV)
are also available in this series. Both of these features provide protection when the boards are used
in critical or harsh factory-type environments.
PCI Solution
The board complies with PCI Spec. 2.1 and does not require either switches or jumpers. The
hardware configuration for the IRQ and I/O address is automatically assigned by the PCI BIOS.
This means that the board MUST be plugged into the computer first before installing the driver
software. For more PCI information, refer to the Technical Reference Appendix.
Universal PCI
The 32/64-bit PCI local bus specification specifies both 3.3V and 5V connector types for the PCI
hardware. Moxa’s universal PCI card allows the user to plug into both a 3.3V/5V and 32/64-bit
slot.
Operating System Support
The CP-134U series is compatible with most major industrial platforms, including Windows
2000/XP/2003, Windows NT, Windows 95/98/Me, DOS, and Linux. MOXA device drivers are
provided for smoother installation, configuration, and performance. In this manual, sections for
MOXA Windows 2003, Windows 2000/XP, Windows NT, Windows 95/98, DOS, Linux, and
SCO are included.
1-2
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Introduction
MOXA Serial Comm Tools
For application development, MOXA provides an easy-to-use serial communication library called
PComm that runs under Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 and Windows 95/98. You can use this library
to develop your own applications using Visual Basic, Visual C++, Borland Delphi, etc. Utilities,
such as Data Scope, Monitor, Terminal Emulator, Diagnostics, etc., are included for debugging or
monitoring the communication status, terminal emulation, or even file transfer.
Board Applications
The board is suitable for many industrial applications, including:
y
y
y
y
Multipoint data acquisition
Factory automation
Critical industrial control
Remote serial device control
Features
The CP-134U Series includes the following products:
CP-134U V2
4 RS-422/485 ports, Universal PCI interface with embedded Surge
Protection (16 KV ESD)
CP-134U-I V2
4 RS-422/485 ports, Universal PCI interface with embedded Surge
Protection and Isolation Protection (16 KV ESD, 2 KV Isolation)
Below we list the outstanding features of the CP-134U Series boards:
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Supports 4 independent serial ports—2 ports for RS-232 or RS-422/485, and 2 ports for
RS-422/485
Compact board size (half-size)
Jumpers for selecting between RS-232 and RS-422/485
DIP Switches for selecting between RS-422, 4-wire RS-485, and 2-wire RS-485
DIP Switch for RS-485 data control—ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control)
Jumper for Termination Resistor selection—eliminates impedance matching headaches
Reliability—high speed MOXA UART(16550C compatible) Communication Controllers with
on-chip hardware and software flow control to guarantee no data loss
PComm Lite—a powerful serial Comm utility.
Embedded Surge Protection (16 KV ESD) for all signal lines (CP-134U-I, CP-134U)
Supports 128 byte FIFO Driver
Supports drivers for most major industrial platforms—Windows 2000/XP/2003, Windows NT,
Windows 95/98/ME, DOS, and Linux
Supports both 3.3V and 5V connector types
Package Checklist
The following items are included in the CP-134U Series package:
y
y
CP-134U Series 4-port serial board
MOXA software CD-ROM, which includes:
¾ Drivers for MOXA Multiport Async Products
¾ User’s Manual (PDF format)
1-3
2
Chapter 2
Hardware Installation
You will need to install both hardware and software for CP-134U Series boards. The hardware
installation procedure is given in this chapter, and the next chapter deals with software installation
for various operating systems.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰ CP-134 Series Block Diagram
‰ Installing the CP-134U Series Board
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Hardwareware Installation
CP-134U Series Block Diagrams
CP-134U Series boards’ IRQ number and I/O address are assigned automatically by the PCI BIOS.
This means that the board MUST be plugged in first before installing the driver.
CP-134U-I V2 (120 x 115 mm)
120 mm
[4.7 2 in]
Port1
JP3
Port2
4 WIRE
CP-134U- I V2
JP4
RS422
115 mm
[4.5 2 in]
Port3
JP1
Port4
MU860
JP2
135 mm
[5.3 1 in]
41. 7 mm
[1.6 4 in]
NOTE: Use JP1/2/3/4 to activate the Termination Resistors for ports 1/2/3/4.
Open Termination Resistor is NOT active
Short Termination Resistor is ACTIVE
CP-134U-I V1 (160 x120mm)
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Hardwareware Installation
CP-134U V2 (120 x 82.5mm)
120 mm [4.72 in]
Port1
4 WIRE
JP3
RS422
82.5mm
[3.2 4 in]
CP-134U V2
Port2
101 mm
[3.9 7 in]
JP4
Port3
JP1
Port4
MU860
121 mm
[4.7 6 in]
JP2
41.7 mm
[1.64 in]
NOTE: Use JP1/2/3/4 to activate the Termination Resistors for ports 1/2/3/4.
Open Termination Resistor is NOT active
Short Termination Resistor is ACTIVE
CP-134U V1 (135 x110mm)
The CP-134U Series has two 30-pin jumpers and two sets of four DIP Switches on the board that
allow the user to set the serial interface for each of the board’s four ports. Ports 1 and 2 can be set
to RS-232, RS-422, RS-485 (2-wire), or RS-485 (4-wire). Ports 3 and 4 can be set to RS-422,
RS-485 (2-wire), or RS-485 (4-wire). Refer to the following information to determine the proper
settings for your board.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Hardwareware Installation
Jumper Settings
The two on-board 30-pin jumpers are used to select between the RS-232 and RS-422/485 serial
interfaces. If you select RS-422/485, then you will also need to set the DIP Switches to select
between RS-422, RS-485 (4-wire), and RS-485 (2-wire). Note that the two ports can be configured
independently.
RS422
RS485
RS422
RS485
RS232
Port1
Port1
Port1
RS232
Port2
Port2
Port2
Jumper pins:
Top for Port 1,
Bottom for Port 2
RS-422/485:
Plug in the jumper so that
it covers the left two columns of
pins to select the RS-422/485
option.
2-4
RS-232:
Plug in the jumper so that
it covers the right two columns
of pins to select the RS-232
option.
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Hardwareware Installation
DIP Switch Settings
Refer to the figures on the following two pages to see how to select between RS-422, RS-485
(2-wire), and RS-485 (4-wire).
Port 1
DIP Switch
Settings
S1-1
S2-1
RS-232
—
—
RS-422
—
OFF
RS-485
(2-wire)
ON
ON
RS-485
(4-wire)
OFF
ON
Port 2
DIP Switch
Settings
S1-2
S2-2
RS-232
—
—
RS-422
—
OFF
RS-485
(2-wire)
ON
ON
RS-485
(4-wire)
OFF
ON
2-5
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Hardwareware Installation
Port 3
DIP Switch
Settings
S1-3
S2-3
RS-422
—
OFF
RS-485
(2-wire)
ON
ON
RS-485
(4-wire)
OFF
ON
Port 4
DIP Switch
Settings
S1-4
S2-4
RS-422
—
OFF
RS-485
(2-wire)
ON
ON
RS-485
(4-wire)
OFF
ON
2-6
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Hardwareware Installation
Installing the CP-134U Series Board
Step 1:
Power off the PC.
WARNING
To avoid damaging your system and board, make sure your computer is turned off before
installing any serial board.
Step 2:
Step 3:
Step 4:
Step 5:
Step 6:
Step 7:
NOTE
Remove the PC’s cover.
Remove the slot cover bracket if there is one.
Plug the CP-134U Series control board firmly into an open 32-bit PCI slot, or an open
64-bit PCI slot.
Fasten the holding screw to fix the control board in place.
Replace the system cover.
Power on the PC. The BIOS will automatically set the IRQ and I/O address.
Moxa PCI and Universal PCI boards must be assigned unique IRQ and I/O addresses. Both
addresses are assigned automatically by the PCI BIOS.
Step 8:
Proceed with the software installation discussed in the next chapter, “Software
Installation.”
2-7
3
Chapter 3
Software Installation
In this chapter, the software driver installation, configuration, and driver update/removal
procedures are described for various operating systems, including Windows NT, Windows 95/98,
Windows 2000/XP/2003, DOS, FreeBSD, and Linux. Before proceeding with the software
installation, make sure you have completed installing the hardware, as discussed in the previous
chapter, “Hardware Installation.”
Refer to the next chapter, “Serial Programming Tools,” for information on developing your own
serial programming applications.
Windows 2000/XP/2003, Windows NT, Windows 95/98, DOS, FreeBSD, and Linux drivers can
be downloaded from the Moxa website.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Windows 2003
Windows 2000/XP
Windows 95/98
Windows NT
DOS
Linux
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
Windows 2003
This section describes how to install the Windows 2003 driver for PCI/Universal PCI boards. The
driver conforms to the Win32 COMM API standard.
The Windows 2003 driver for MOXA’s multiport serial boards supports the following products:
y
Universal PCI Boards: CP-168U, CP-104UL, CP-104JU, CP-134U, CP-134U-I, CP-132UL,
CP-132UL-I V2(CP-132U-I V1)
y
PCI Boards: C168H/PCI, C104H/PCI, C104HS/PCI, CP-114, CP-114I, CP-114S, CP-114IS,
CP-132, CP-132I, CP-132S, CP-132IS
y
ISA Boards: C168H, C168HS, C168P, C104H, C104HS, C104P, CI-104J, CI-104JS, CI-134,
CI-134I, CI-134IS, CI-132, CI-132I, CI-132IS
y
cPCI Boards: CT-114I
The following steps use CP-168U to illustrate.
Installing the Driver
1.
After installing the PCI/Universal PCI board and powering on your PC, Windows 2003 will
automatically detect the PCI/Universal PCI board that was just added. The Found New
Hardware window will open in the bottom right corner of the desktop.
2.
The Welcome to the Found New Hardware Wizard window will open automatically. Select
Install from a list or specific location (Advanced) and click on Next to continue.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
3.
Select Search for the best driver in these locations, check Include this location in the
search, and then click on Browse. You should be able to locate the
\Software\Win2K-XP-2003 folder on the software CD. Click on Next to continue.
4.
Wait while the installation wizard searches. The next window that opens cautions you that
although this software hasn’t passed Windows Logo testing, the driver has already been tested
and was shown that it can support Windows OS. Click on Continue Anyway to proceed.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
5.
Wait while the driver software is installed. The next window shows the model number of the
board, and indicates that Windows has completed the driver installation. Click on Finish to
continue with the rest of the installation procedure.
6.
The Found New Hardware Wizard window will open to help you install the driver for
MOXA Port 0. Select Install from a list or specific location (Advanced). Click on Next to
continue.
3-4
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
7.
Select Search for the best driver in these locations, check Include this location in the
search, and then click on Browse. You should be able to locate the
\Software\Win2K-XP-2003 folder on the software CD. Click on Next to continue.
8.
Wait while the installation wizard searches. The next window that opens cautions you that
although this software hasn’t passed Windows Logo testing, this driver has already been tested
and was shown that it can support Windows OS. Click on Continue Anyway to proceed.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
9.
Software Installation
Wait while the port driver is being installed. Click on Finish to continue with the rest of the
installation procedures.
10. Repeat steps 6 to 9, until the port driver installation for every port is completed.
How to Check the Installation
There are three ways to check the installation of CP-168U Series boards.
Using Device Manager
1. Use your mouse to position the cursor over your desktop’s My computer icon, click the right
mouse button, and then select Properties.
2. When the System Properties window opens, click on the Hardware tab, and then click on
Device Manager.
3. When the Device Manager window opens, you will be able to see the model of MOXA
CP-168U Series under Multi-port serial adapters, and MOXA communication ports under
Ports (COM & LPT).
4. If there are any special marks, such as a question mark or an exclamation mark in front of the
icons, the installation of the board or the ports was not successful. Examine the Event Log for
details.
3-6
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
Port Configuration
After the driver is installed, the MOXA CP-168U Installation window will be displayed, and the
system will map the ports automatically.
If one MOXA CP-168U board was installed previously, and another MOXA CP-168U board is
added, the system will prompt you to take care of port configuration, which is discussed in this
section.
Click on a specific port from the CP-168U Series Installation window, and then click on Port Setting to open
the Port X window.
Select a COM number for the port from the Port Number pull-down list.
Check the Auto Enumerating COM Number check-box to have subsequent ports mapped to continuous COM
numbers. For example, if COM 3 is assigned to Port 1, then COM 4 will be automatically assigned to Port 2.
Select an Rx FIFO Trigger from the Rx FIFO Level pull-down list. Rx FIFO trigger levels from High to Low are
available, with a default value is High Level (120 bytes). Check Set the change to all ports check-box to apply
the just defined Rx FIFO Trigger to all ports.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
Select a Tx FIFO Size from the Tx FIFO Level pull-down list. Tx FIFO Levels from High to Low are available,
with the default set to High (128 bytes). Check Set the change to all ports check-box to apply the just defined
Tx FIFO Size to all ports.
CP-134U V2/CP-134U-I V2 CP-134U/CP-134U-I
Tx FIFO
Rx FIFO
Tx
Rx FIFO
FIFO
High 128
120
64
56
Middle 64
60
32
28
Low
1
1
1
1
Unit: Bytes
Click on OK in the Port X window to confirm the port settings, and then click on OK in the Property window
to complete the port settings.
Using PComm
The PComm Diagnostic program is a very useful tool for checking the status of MOXA’s
multiport boards. It can be used for internal and external testing of IRQ, TxD/RxD, UART,
CTS/RTS, DTR/DSR, etc., and can be used to verify that MOXA’s boards and ports are working
properly.
To start the program, click on Start Æ Programs Æ PComm Lite 2000 ÆPComm Diagnostic.
NOTE: If you do not have the PComm software, you can download the free version from Moxa’s
website at www.moxa.com.
Using Event Log
To use Event Log to check MOXA boards, click on Start Æ Settings Æ Control Panel Æ
Administrative Tools Æ Event Viewer to enter the Event Viewer program. You can find the
latest information relevant to MOXA’s drivers under System category.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
Windows 2000/XP
Windows 2000/XP supports up to 256 serial ports, from COM1 to COM256. To fully utilize
Windows 2000/XP’s multi-process and multi-thread advanced features, pure 32-bit Windows
2000/XP device drivers were developed for MOXA multiport boards. The drivers conform to the
Win32 COMM API standard.
The Windows 2000/XP driver for MOXA’s multiport serial boards supports the following
products:
y
Universal PCI Boards: CP-168U, CP-104UL, CP-104JU, CP-134U, CP-134U-I, CP-132UL,
CP-132UL-I V2(CP-132U-I V1)
y
PCI Boards: C168H/PCI, C104H/PCI, C104HS/PCI, CP-114, CP-114I, CP-114S, CP-114IS,
CP-132, CP-132I, CP-132S, CP-132IS
y
ISA Boards: C168H, C168HS, C168P, C104H, C104HS, C104P, CI-104J, CI-104JS, CI-134,
CI-134I, CI-134IS, CI-132, CI-132I, CI-132IS
y
cPCI Boards: CT-114I
The following steps use CP-168U to illustrate.
Installing the Driver
The following procedure describes how to install the CP-168U driver for the first time under
Windows 2000 and Windows XP. First make sure the board or boards have already been plugged
into the system’s PCI or PCI-X slot(s).
1.
2.
Windows 2000
Windows 2000 can auto-detect new devices, 1.
and activate the Found New Hardware
function to install a device driver for Plug and
Play devices.
Click on Next to continue.
2.
Windows XP
Windows XP can auto-detect new devices,
and activate the Found New Hardware
function to install a device driver for Plug and
Play devices.
Select Install from a list or specific
location, click on Next to continue.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
3.
Select Search for a suitable driver… and
then click on Next to continue.
4.
Select Specify a location and then click on
Next to continue.
5.
Software Installation
3.
Checkmark Include this location in the
search checkbox, and then click on Browse.
You should be able to locate the
Software\Win2K-XP-2003 folder on the
software CD. Click on Next to continue.
4.
Wait while the driver software is installed.
Insert the Moxa Driver CD into the CD-ROM
drive, and then specify the location of the file 5.
as Software\Win2K-XP-2003 as shown
below (change the drive letter if needed).
Click on OK to continue.
Wait while the installation wizard searches.
The next window that opens cautions you that
although this software hasn’t passed
Windows Logo testing, the driver has already
been tested and was shown that it can support
Windows OS. Click on Continue Anyway to
proceed.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
6.
7.
Software Installation
Click on Next to copy the driver files to your
system.
6.
The next window shows the model number of
the board, and indicates that Windows has
completed the driver installation. Click on
Finish to continue with the rest of the
installation procedure.
7.
The next Welcome to the Found New
Hardware Wizard window that opens starts
the port installation procedure. Select Install
the software from a specific location and
then click on Next to continue.
Wait while the installation wizard searches.
The next window that opens cautions you that
although this software hasn’t passed
Windows Logo testing, this driver has already
been tested and was shown that it can support
Windows OS. Click on Continue Anyway to
proceed.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
8.
The next window shows the model number of 8.
the board, and indicates that Windows has
completed the driver installation. Click on
Finish to continue with the rest of the
installation procedure.
9.
The next Welcome to the Found New
Hardware Wizard window to open starts the 9.
port installation stage. Click on Next to
continue.
Input the location of the driver in the text
input box, or use the Browse button to locate
the appropriate folder.
Wait while the installation wizard searches.
The next window that opens cautions you that
although this software hasn’t passed
Windows Logo testing, this driver has already
been tested and been shown that it can
support Windows OS. Click on Continue
Anyway to proceed.
10. Select Search for a suitable driver for my
device [recommended], and then click on
Next to continue.
10. Wait while the installation wizard searches.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
11. Select Specify a location and then click on
Next to continue.
Software Installation
11. Wait while the wizard installs the software.
12. Insert the Moxa Driver CD into the CD-ROM
drive, and then specify the location of the file 12. After all files have been copied to the system,
the Completing the Found New Hardware
as Software\Win2K-XP-2003 as shown
Wizard window will open to indicate that it
below (change the drive letter, if needed).
has finished installing “Port 0.” Click on
Click on OK to continue.
Finish to install the board’s second port.
13. Click on Next to continue with the
installation.
13. Repeat the above procedure (Steps 7 to 12)
for the rest of the board’s ports. The last
window to open completes installation of Port
7.
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14. After all files have been copied to the system,
the Completing the Found New Hardware
Wizard window will open to indicate that it
has finished installing “Port 0.” Click on
Finish to install the board’s second port.
15. Repeat the above procedure (Steps 9 to 14)
for the rest of the board’s ports. The last
window to open completes installation of Port
7.
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How to Check the Installation
There are three ways to check the installation of the CP-168U Series board.
Device Manager
You can check the installation of the board by selecting Start Æ Settings Æ Control Panel Æ System, select
the Hardware tab, and then click on the Device Manager button.
Windows 2000
Windows XP
If the driver installation was successful, you will be able to see the model number of the CP-168U
board listed under Multi-port serial adapters.
You may also expand the Ports (COM & LPT) item to check the status of the COM ports. If you
see a question mark on top of the icon, then the installation might have a problem. Check the
Event Log to determine what kind of problem exists.
Windows 2000
Windows XP
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Port Configuration
After the driver is installed, the MOXA CP-168U Installation window will be displayed, and the
system will map the ports automatically.
If one MOXA CP-168U board was installed previously, and another MOXA CP-168U board is
added, the system will prompt you to take care of port configuration, which is discussed in this
section.
Click on a specific port from the CP-168U Series Installation window, and then click on Port Setting to open
the Port X window.
Select a COM number for the port from the Port Number pull-down list.
Check the Auto Enumerating COM Number check-box to force ports to map sequentially to COM numbers.
For example, if COM 3 is assigned to Port 1, then COM 4 will be assigned automatically to Port 2.
Select an Rx FIFO Trigger from the Rx FIFO Level pull-down list. Rx FIFO trigger levels from High to Low are
available, with the default set to High (120 bytes). Check the Set the change to all ports check-box to apply the
just defined Rx FIFO Trigger to all ports.
Select a Tx FIFO Size from the Tx FIFO Level pull-down list. Tx FIFO Levels from High to Low are available,
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with the default set to High (128 bytes). Check the Set the change to all ports check-box to apply the just
defined Tx FIFO Size to all ports.
CP-134U V2/CP-134U-I V2
Tx FIFO
Rx FIFO
High 128
120
Middle 64
60
Low
1
1
Unit: Bytes
CP-134U/CP-134U-I
Tx FIFO Rx FIFO
64
56
32
28
1
1
Click on OK in the Port X window to confirm the port settings, and then click on OK in the Property window to
complete the port settings.
MOXA PComm Utility
This utility, which comes with MOXA PComm Lite, provides a convenient way to diagnose
problems with Moxa boards, and provides internal and external testing of IRQ, TxD/RxD, UART,
CTS/RTS, DTR/DSR, etc. The program can be used to verify that the hardware and software
related to Moxa boards and ports are installed and running correctly.
Event Log
To check the Event Log for MOXA boards, click Start Æ Settings Æ Control Panel Æ
Administrative Tools Æ Event Viewer, to enter the Event Viewer program. You may find the
latest information relevant to the Moxa driver in the system category.
Removing the Driver
You can uninstall the board by first selecting Start Æ Settings Æ Control Panel Æ System.
Windows 2000
Windows XP
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Select the Hardware tab, and then click on Device Manager. Use the mouse to place the cursor
over the CP-168U Series board under Multiport serial adapters, and then click the right mouse
button. Select the Uninstall… option.
Windows 2000
Windows XP
Click on OK to proceed with the un-installation of the board.
Windows 2000
Windows XP
The Device Manager window will automatically refresh to show that the driver and ports for the
CP-168U Series board have been removed.
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Software Installation
Windows 95/98
The Windows 95/98 driver supports up to 128 serial ports, from COM1 to COM128. To fully
utilize the advanced multi-process and multi-thread features of Windows 95/98, pure 32-bit
Windows 95/98 virtual device port drivers (VxD) compliant with communication drivers
(VCOMM) have been developed for the CP-168U and other MOXA multiport boards. The drivers
conform to the Win32 COMM API standard.
The Windows 95/98 driver for MOXA’s multiport serial boards supports the following products:
y
Universal PCI Boards: CP-168U, CP-104UL, CP-104JU, CP-134U, CP-134U-I, CP-132UL,
CP-132UL-I V2(CP-132U-I V1)
y
PCI Boards: C168H/PCI, C104H/PCI, C104HS/PCI, CP-114, CP-114I, CP-114S, CP-114IS,
CP-132, CP-132I, CP-132S, CP-132IS
y
ISA Boards: C168H, C168HS, C168P, C104H, C104HS, C104P, CI-104J, CI-104JS, CI-134,
CI-134I, CI-134IS, CI-132, CI-132I, CI-132IS
y
cPCI Boards: CT-114I
The following steps use CP-168U to illustrate.
Installing the Driver
The plug-n-play capability of Windows 95/98 allows you to plug the CP-168U board into an
available PCI slot, and then get to work right away with very little installation effort. Windows
95/98 automatically detects the presence of the new board, and prompts you to install the driver.
You just need to have the driver CD available to complete the installation process.
A maximum of 4 CP-168U boards can be installed in one system, provided sufficient I/O address
and IRQ number resources are available.
The following flow chart illustrates the driver installation stages of CP-168U boards.
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Software Installation
Install the PCI or Universal PCI
board in the system
Start Windows 95/98 to detect the board
Driver installed before?
Yes
No
Install the driver from the driver CD.
See the section, “First Time Driver
Installation”
Configure the port.
See the section, “Port Configuration”
The CP-168U board’s portsshould be
ready to work.
See the section, “Board and Ports Ready”
First Time Driver Installation
This stage gives the steps for installing the CP-168U board driver for the first time. To account for
the slight difference between installing under Windows 95 and Windows 98, a separate column is
used for each of the two operating systems. Follow the steps in the left column for Windows 95,
and in the right column for Windows 98.
If a CP-168U board has already been installed, and another CP-168U board is plugged in, the
system will prompt you to skip this stage, and go directly to Port Configuration, which is
discussed in the next section.
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Upon detecting the first new CP-168U Series board, Windows 95/98 will automatically display a New
hardware found message box, and then display the following windows. Click on Next to proceed.
Windows 95
Windows 98
2. Click on Other Locations.
2. Select Display a list... and then click on Next.
3. Select Other Devices and then click on Next.
3. Type \Software\Win9x\Windows in the
Location input box, and then click OK in the Select
Other Location window. The system will start
reading the files from the CD.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
4. Click on Finish.
Software Installation
4. Click on Have Disk.
5. Type \Software\Win9x\Windows and then click
on OK. The system will start reading the files from
the CD.
Board and Port Ready
After finishing this stage, the driver installation will be complete.
Windows 95
Windows 98
After configuring the ports, you can start using the After configuring the ports, click on Finish. The
COM ports of the CP-168U board without
COM ports of the CP-168U board can be used without
restarting Windows 95.
restarting Windows 98.
NOTE
If an error message similar to “CP-168U board(BusNo=x, DevNo=x, Port1=COMx) interrupt
number is invalid!” pops up, refer to the “Troubleshooting” chapter for solutions.
If you want to add more boards after installing the driver, simply plug the additional CP-168U
board into an empty PCI slot, and Windows 95/98 will automatically detect the additional board.
Skip to Port Configuration to take care of port settings.
This completes the installation of the CP-168U board driver, including board and port
configuration. If you need to modify configuration of the board and ports, refer to the next section,
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“Configuring the Board and Ports,” for configuration details.
Once the board and the driver are installed and the driver restarts successfully, you can start
developing applications with PComm library (see “Serial Programming Tools”) or the Microsoft
Win32 API. You can also use applications such as Terminal Emulator (see “Serial Programming
Tools”), a PComm utility, or HyperTerminal, to transmit/receive data, as well as Remote Access
Service to provide dial-up networking capabilities.
Configuring the Board and Ports
Follow the procedures given below to re-configure the COM number of ports for boards already
installed under Windows 95/98.
In addition to following the procedures listed below, you may also click on [Start] Æ [Programs]
Æ [MOXA Utility] Æ [MOXA Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel] Æ [Property] Æ [Port
Setting].
Since this is a PCI or Universal PCI board, once a new board is added or an existing board is
removed, the board’s configuration will be automatically added or removed by the operating
system when you restart the PC.
Open the [Control Panel], click on the [System] icon, select the [Device Manager] tab, and then
click on the plus sign to the left of Moxa Smartio/Industio multiport board.
Click on one of the CP-168U boards, and then click on Properties.
Select the Ports Configuration tab, click on a specific port, and then click on the Port Setting
button.
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Check the Auto Enumerating COM Name check-box to assign continuous COM numbers for
subsequent ports. For example, if COM3 is assigned to Port 1, then COM4 will be automatically
assigned to Port 2.
Select an Rx FIFO Trigger from the Rx FIFO Level pull-down list. Rx FIFO trigger levels from
High to Low are available, with the default set to High (120 bytes). Check Set the change to all
ports check-box to apply the just defined Rx FIFO Trigger to all ports.
Select a Tx FIFO Size from the Tx FIFO Level pull-down list. Tx FIFO Levels from High to Low
are available, with the default set to High (128 bytes). Check Set the change to all ports
check-box to apply the just defined Tx FIFO Size to all ports.
CP-134U V2/CP-134U-I V2 CP-134U/CP-134U-I
Tx FIFO
Rx FIFO
Tx
Rx FIFO
FIFO
High 128
120
64
56
Middle 64
60
32
28
Low
1
1
1
1
Unit: Bytes
To complete the update, click OK in the Port X window, click OK in the CP-168U board
Properties window, and then click [OK] on the Device Manager tab. Restart the system to
activate the latest configuration.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
Updating the Driver
This section describes how to update the Windows 95/98 driver. Open Control Panel, click on the
System icon, and select the Device Manager tab. Click on the MOXA CP-168U board and then
click on Properties.
Select the Driver tab, and the click on Update Driver....
Click on Have Disk... and then type the path of the new driver.
Insert the driver CD into the CD-ROM drive, and then click on OK in the Install from Disk
window. The system will automatically prompt you to restart the system. Click Yes to restart the
system, or No if you want to reboot the system later.
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Software Installation
Removing the Driver
To remove the CP-168U board driver, open the Control Panel, double click on the Add/Remove
Programs icon, and then select the Install/Uninstall tab. Click on the MOXA Smartio/Industio
Driver option and then click on Add/Remove to start the driver removal process.
Click on Yes on to confirm that you want to remove the driver.
Click on OK in the Add/Remove Programs Properties window.
Windows NT
Windows NT supports up to 256 serial ports, from COM1 to COM256. To fully utilize Windows
NT’s multi-process and multi-thread advanced features, pure 32-bit Windows NT device drivers
were developed for MOXA’s multiport serial boards. The drivers conform to the Win32 COMM
API standard.
The Windows NT driver for MOXA’s multiport serial boards supports the following products:
y
Universal PCI Boards: CP-168U, CP-104UL, CP-104JU, CP-134U, CP-134U-I, CP-132UL,
CP-132UL-I V2(CP-132U-I V1)
y
PCI Boards: C168H/PCI, C104H/PCI, C104HS/PCI, CP-114, CP-114I, CP-114S, CP-114IS,
CP-132, CP-132I, CP-132S, CP-132IS
y
ISA Boards: C168H, C168HS, C168P, C104H, C104HS, C104P, CI-104J, CI-104JS, CI-134,
CI-134I, CI-134IS, CI-132, CI-132I, CI-132IS
y
cPCI Boards: CT-114I
The following steps use CP-168U to illustrate.
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Software Installation
Installing the Driver
First Time Driver Installation
The following procedure shows how to install the CP-168U driver for the first time. First make
sure the board or boards are already plugged into the system’s PCI slot(s).
1.
Log into NT as Administrator.
2.
Copy the folder Windows.nt located under \Software\WinNT on the software CD, to your
computer’s hard disk (under the C: drive, for example).
3.
Open the Control Panel, click on the Network icon, and then select the Adapters tab.
4.
Click the Add button, and then the Have Disk... button in the Select Network Adapter
window.
5.
Specify the exact path of the driver diskette, C:\Windows.nt in the example shown here, and
then click on OK to proceed.
6.
Select MOXA Smartio/Industio Family multiport board in the Select OEM Option
window, and then click OK to begin installing the driver.
7.
The Moxa Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel window appears. Click on the Add button
to open the Property window to change port settings and advanced FIFO configuration that is
done automatically by the system.
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8.
Select the just installed CP-168U board from the Board Type pull-down list, click on a
specific port item, and then click on the Port Setting button to open the Port X window.
9.
Select the ports’ COM number from the Port Number pull-down list.
10. Check the Auto Enumerating COM Number check-box to have subsequent ports mapped to
continuous COM numbers. For example, if COM3 is assigned to Port 1, then COM4 will be
automatically assigned to Port 2.
11. Select an Rx FIFO Trigger from the Rx FIFO Level pull-down list. Rx FIFO trigger levels
from High to Low are available, with the default set to High (120 bytes). Check Set the
change to all ports check-box to apply the just defined Rx FIFO Trigger to all ports.
12. Select a Tx FIFO Size from the Tx FIFO Level pull-down list. Tx FIFO Levels from High to
Low are available, with the default set to High (128 bytes). Check Set the change to all ports
check-box to apply the just defined Tx FIFO Size to all ports.
CP-134U V2/CP-134U-I V2 CP-134U/CP-134U-I
Tx FIFO
Rx FIFO
Tx
Rx FIFO
FIFO
High 128
120
64
56
Middle 64
60
32
28
Low
1
1
1
1
Unit: Bytes
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Software Installation
13. Click on OK in the Port X window to accept the port settings, and then click on OK in the
Property window to complete port settings and return to the MOXA Smartio/Industio
Configuration Panel window. The CP-168U board will now appear in the MOXA
Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel window, as shown below.
14. Click on OK in the MOXA Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel to return to the Network
window, and then click on OK to exit the Network window.
15. Restart the PC.
NOTE
The driver configuration will NOT take effect until you restart the PC.
NOTE
Double check that all CP-168U board components are connected and fastened tightly to ensure
that the system and the driver can start up successfully.
Once the system restarts, you may check the event log issued by the MOXA driver to see if the
board’s ports have been initialized successfully.
Enter the Administrative group, click the Event Viewer icon, and then select Log and System to
check for a message similar to “MOXA CP-168U board, with first serial port COM3, has been
enabled” for each newly configured board.
NOTE
If an error message similar to “Cannot find any configured MOXA Smartio/Industio series
board!” pops up, refer to the Troubleshooting chapter for possible solutions.
Once the board and the driver are installed and the driver restarts successfully, you can begin to
develop applications with the PComm library (see “Serial Programming Tools”) or the Microsoft
Win32 API. You can also use applications such as Terminal Emulator (see “Serial Programming
Tools”), a PComm utility, or HyperTerminal, to transmit/receive data, as well as Remote Access
Service to provide dial-up networking capabilities.
Configuring the Board and Ports
Re-Configuring Port Settings
If the driver is already installed, and you only wish to re-configure the ports, refer to the following
procedures. In addition to the procedures listed below, you may also click on Start Æ Programs
Æ MOXA Utility Æ MOXA Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel Æ Property, and then
refer to the instructions in the previous section, “First Time Driver Installation.”
1.
Open the Control Panel, click on the Network icon, and select the Adapters tab.
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2.
Click on MOXA Smartio/Industio Family Adapter from the Network Adapters list to
highlight it, and then click on Properties to open the MOXA Smartio/Industio
Configuration Panel window to change port settings and advanced FIFO configuration
items.
3.
Click on Property from the the MOXA Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel to open the
Property window.
4.
Next, refer to the instructions given in the previous section, “First Time Driver Installation”
from the “Windows NT” section.
Configuring Another CP-168U Board
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
In this section, we explain how to configure another MOXA CP-168U board that is already
installed. Up to four CP-168U boards can be installed in one system under Windows NT, provided
sufficient system resources are available.
In addition to the procedures listed below, you may also click on Start Æ Program Æ MOXA
Utility Æ MOXA Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel Æ Add, and then refer to the
instructions from the previous section, “Installing the Driver.”
1.
Open the Control Panel, click on the Network icon, and select the Adapters tab.
2.
Click on MOXA Smartio/Industio Family Adapter from the Network Adapters list.
3.
Click on the Properties button to open the Moxa Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel
window.
4.
Next, refer to the instructions from the “First Time Driver Installation” subsection.
Removing an Existing CP-168U Board Configuration
First shut down your PC, and then physically remove the CP-168U board from the PCI or PCI-X
slot. The next time you start up the PC, the system will automatically remove the configuration.
There is no need to click the Remove button in the Moxa Smartio/Industio Configuration Panel
window.
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Software Installation
Updating the Driver
Take the following steps to update the CP-168U board driver.
1.
Open Control Panel, click on the Network icon, and select the Adapters tab.
2.
Click on MOXA Smartio/Industio Family Adapter from the Network Adapter list.
3.
Click on the Remove button in the Network window.
4.
Click on the Close button in the Network window.
5.
Restart the system.
6.
Refer to the instructions given in the “First Time Driver Installation” section to install the
new driver.
Removing the Driver
To remove the CP-168U board driver:
1.
Open the Control Panel, click on the Network icon, and select the Adapters tab.
2.
Click on MOXA Smartio/Industio Family Adapter from the Network Adapters list.
3.
Click on the Remove button in the Network window.
4.
Click on the Close button to exit the Network window.
5.
Restart the system to activate the new configuration.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Software Installation
DOS
MOXA DOS API-232 is a software package that assists users in developing and/or debugging
serial communication programs. This section describes how to install the package, how to set up
the driver, and how to load or unload the driver.
The DOS driver for MOXA’s multiport serial boards supports the following products:
y
Universal PCI Boards: CP-168U, CP-104UL, CP-104JU, CP-134U, CP-134U-I, CP-132UL,
CP-132UL-I V2(CP-132U-I V1)
y
PCI Boards: C168H/PCI, C104H/PCI, C104HS/PCI, CP-114, CP-114I, CP-114S, CP-114IS,
CP-132, CP-132I, CP-132S, CP-132IS
y
ISA Boards: C168H, C168HS, C168P, C104H, C104HS, C104P, CI-104J, CI-104JS, CI-134,
CI-134I, CI-134IS, CI-132, CI-132I, CI-132IS
y
cPCI Boards: CT-114I
The following Steps use CP-134U to illustrate.
Installing the Driver
1.
Run the installation program, DOSINST.EXE under \Software\DOS on the software CD.
Specify the target API-232 directory (e.g. C:\MOXA) where the software driver will be
copied. Press F2 to start the installation.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
2.
Software Installation
After the installation is complete, a message window will open to ask if you want to run the
SETUP.EXE file. It is strongly recommended that you press Y to run this SETUP.EXE file.
Setting up the Driver
This section does not illustrate all of the functions that can be used when configuring the board.
For more detailed information, press F1 to see the on-line help instructions.
1.
NOTE
Run BIN\SETUP.EXE.
Running SETUP.EXE completes the configuration of the CP-134U Series board. Skip directly to
step 4 if you do not need to change any settings or reconfigure the board.
2.
Press Enter to select the proper model name (CP-134U Series in this case).
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Software Installation
3.
Press PgDn to configure CP-134U’s port settings. The values displayed when the window
first opens are the default values configured when the driver is installed.
4.
Press F10 to save the modifications and exit the SETUP program.
Legends
The most often used fields and functions are explained below.
Port number
This is the port ID of the port. The application software uses the port ID to refer to a port.
Duplicate port numbers are not allowed.
Port numbers can be any number between 0 and 255, provided port numbers are unique. Also, be
sure to define a port number for each port. In general, you should take into account the type of
application program that will be used, and assign port numbers that make the programmer’s job
easier.
TxD buffer size
The transmission (output) buffer allocated by the system for each port.
RxD buffer size
The receiving (input) buffer allocated by the system for each port.
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Software Installation
F5 Group Edit
This convenient function helps you edit the configuration of several ports at the same time.
Loading the Driver
After completing the setup process, you can load the driver by running BIN\DP-DRV.EXE from
the DOS prompt. The driver will automatically detect the board you just installed. If one or more
boards are detected, you will see a message similar to the one shown below:
Smartio/Industio Family DOS driver Version 1.5
Setup driver …
CP-134U series (Bus= x ,Dev=y) : OK!
Device driver setup O.K.
This message indicates that the CP-134U Series driver was installed properly. You can now start
running applications that support API-232 functions, or develop applications that use the API-232
library.
Unloading the Driver
To unload (release) the driver from memory, type DP-DRV/Q at the DOS prompt.
Linux
The Linux driver for MOXA’s multiport serial boards supports the following products:
y
Universal PCI Boards: CP-168U, CP-104UL, CP-104JU, CP-134U, CP-134U-I, CP-132UL,
CP-132UL-I V2(CP-132U-I V1)
y
PCI Boards: C168H/PCI, C104H/PCI, C104HS/PCI, CP-114, CP-114I, CP-114S, CP-114IS,
CP-132, CP-132I, CP-132S, CP-132IS
y
ISA Boards: C168H, C168HS, C168P, C104H, C104HS, C104P, CI-104J, CI-104JS, CI-134,
CI-134I, CI-134IS, CI-132, CI-132I, CI-132IS
y
cPCI Boards: CT-114I
The following steps use CP-168U to illustrate. Follow these steps to install the driver under Linux.
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CP-134U Series User’s Manual
1.
# mkdir moxa
# cd moxa
# tar xvfz mxser.tgz
2.
#cd mxser
#make clean; make install
3.
# cd /moxa/mxser/driver
# ./msmknod
4.
# modprobe mxser
Software Installation
(If you install an ISA board, type the command # insmod mxser ioaddr=0x???, 0x???, 0x???,
0x???
<- 1st ISA, 2nd ISA, 3rd ISA, 4th ISA)
Using /lib/modules/2.4.20-8/kernel/drivers/char/mxser.o
Warning: loading /lib/modules/2.4.20-8/kernel/drivers/char/mxser.o will taint the kernel: no
license
See http://www.tux.org/lkml/#export-tainted for information about tainted modules
MOXA Smartio/Industio family driver version 1.7
Tty devices major number = 30, callout devices major number = 35
Found MOXA CP-168U series board(BusNo=2,DevNo=13)
Module mxser loaded, with warnings
5.
You can use the Moxa diagnostic utility to verify the driver status.
# cd /moxa/mxser/utility/diag
# ./msdiag
== MOXA Smartio/Industio Family Multiport Board Status Utility(1.1) ==
Tty Device Major Number= 30.
Callout device Major Number= 35.
Board 1 : CP-168U series (BusNo=2, DevNo=13)
Port 1: 0xac00, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
Port 2: 0xac08, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
Port 3: 0xac10, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
Port 4: 0xac18, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
Port 5: 0xac20, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
Port 6: 0xac28, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
Port 7: 0xac30, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
Port 8: 0xac38, max. baud rate = 230400 bps.
6.
You can use the Moxa terminal utility to test tty ports.
# cd /moxa/mxser/utiltiy/term
# ./msterm
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4
Chapter 4
Serial Programming Tools
Moxa supports a class of easy to use, yet powerful serial programming libraries and
communication troubleshooting utilities under Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 and Windows 95/98.
Use these MOXA Serial Programming Tools to decrease your software development time.
In the following sections, we describe the installation of the library, and the utilities supported for
various programming platforms.
PComm, a professional serial comm tool for PCs, is a software package that runs under Windows
NT/2000/XP/2003 and Windows 95/98. PComm provides:
y
A powerful serial communication library for easy programming in the most popular
programming languages. The serial communication library is useful for developing
applications for data communications, remote access, data acquisition, and industrial control
under Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 or Windows 95/98. It is a simpler solution compared to the
more complex Windows Win32 COMM API.
y
Useful utilities such as diagnostic, monitor, and terminal emulator.
y
Illustrative sample programs.
y
Comprehensive on-line documentation.
PComm Installation
To install PComm, run \Setup.exe from the diskette. Note that the PComm diagnostic and monitor
utilities are for MOXA boards only. MOXA Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/2003 device drivers, as
well as MOXA boards are required. The drivers are installed separately, with details given in the
“Software Installation” chapter.
After PComm is successfully installed, click on Start, select Program Files, and then PComm
Lite group to select a list of utilities and documents.
PComm Programming Library
The serial communication library assists you in developing serial communications programs for
any COM port that complies with Microsoft Win32 API. It facilitates the implementation of
multi-process and multi-thread serial communication programs and substantially reduces
development time.
This serial communication library provides a complete function library and sample programs for
Visual C++, Visual Basic, and Borland Delphi. To view detailed function descriptions and sample
programs, click on Start Æ Program Æ PComm Lite Æ PComm Lib Help, PComm Porting
Notes or PComm Programming Guide, or refer to the sample programs in the PComm directory.
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Serial Programming Tools
Utilities
In this section, we give brief descriptions of each utility. For more information about these utilities,
see the on-line help from the software diskette.
Diagnostic (for MOXA boards only)
A convenient diagnostic program, ONLY for MOXA boards and ports, provides internal and
external testing of IRQ, TxD/RxD, UART, CTS/RTS, DTR/DSR, DTR/DCD, etc. It allows the
user to check the function of both software and hardware.
To run the Diagnostic program, click on Start Æ Program Æ PComm Lite Æ Diagnostic. A
typical test report for the CP-168U Series board is shown below.
Monitor (for MOXA boards under Windows NT/2000/XP/2003)
A useful port status monitoring program allows you to monitor data transmission of selected
MOXA COM ports. It monitors data transmission/receiving throughput, and communication line
status, with data updated and displayed on the screen at regular time intervals. Click on a specific
port to see a graph of the current communication parameters and status of that port.
To run the Monitor program, click on Start Æ Program Æ PComm Lite Æ Monitor.
4-2
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Serial Programming Tools
Terminal Emulator
Terminal Emulator can be used to connect to various ports to see if data transmission is
functioning correctly. Terminal Emulator features multi-windows, and supports VT100 and ANSI
terminal types. You can transfer data interactively, send patterns periodically, and transfer files
using ASCII, XMODEM, YMODEM, ZMODEM, and KERMIT protocols.
To run Terminal Emulator, click on Start Æ Program Æ PComm Lite Æ Terminal Emulator.
4-3
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Serial Programming Tools
RS-485 Programming
If you intend to use your CP-134U Series board for RS-485 applications, refer to the RS-485
programming guide below, and also see the Chapter 5, “Connection Cables and Cable Wiring,” for
more details about RS-485 operation.
The CP-134U Series only supports 2-wire half-duplex RS-485 communication, in which case the
data +/- pins are used for both data transmitting and receiving, depending on the mode selected.
Moxa’s own ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control) technology is used to switch between
transmitting and receiving.
ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control)
ADDC™ is the best method for switching between transmission and receiving when using 2-wire
RS-485.
When using ADDC™, additional code is not required to switch between data transmitting and
receiving, since the switching mechanism is managed automatically by the board’s built-in
intelligent hardware mechanism. This means that RS-485 programming using ADDC™ mode is
just as simple and straightforward as RS-232 or RS-422 programming.
4-4
5
Chapter 5
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
Pinouts and Cable Wiring
CP-134U Series boards have one DB44 female port on the board that sends signals to four
independent serial ports. The DB44 (Male) to 4 x DB9 (Male) cable (Model CBL-M44M9x4) or
DB44 (Male) to 4 x DB25 (Male) (Model CBL-M44M25x4), both of which are available from
Moxa, can be used to separate the signals coming from the board into the signals for the four
different ports.
Model CBL-M44M9x4
Model CBL-M44M25x4
In the following subsections, we include detailed pinout diagrams for all of the serial interfaces
supported by the CP-134U series boards.
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
RS-232 Interface
When ports 1 and/or 2 are configured for the RS-232 interface, the pinouts are as shown below.
13
14
15
28
29
30
42
44
Port 1
TxD
RxD
RTS
CTS
DTR
DSR
DCD
GND
CP-134U (RS-232)
Port 2
TxD
RxD
RTS
CTS
DTR
DSR
DCD
GND
9
10
11
24
25
26
39
41
RS-422 Interface
The RS-422 standard uses a balanced voltage digital interface to allow 9600 bps communication
over cables of up to 4000 feet in length. Ten receivers can be connected to any one driver for
broadcasting systems.
Port 1
CP-134U (RS-422)
Port 3
Port 4
Port 2
13 RxD+(B)
9
RxD+(B)
5
RxD+(B)
1
RxD+(B)
14 TxD+(B)
10 TxD+(B)
6
TxD+(B)
15
28
29
30
42
43
44
11
24
25
26
39
40
41
7
20
21
22
35
36
37
RTS+(B)
CTS+(B)
RxD-(A)
RTS-(A)
TxD-(A)
CTS-(A)
GND
2
3
16
17
18
31
32
33
TxD+(B)
RTS+(B)
CTS+(B)
RxD-(A)
RTS-(A)
TxD-(A)
CTS-(A)
GND
RTS+(B)
CTS+(B)
RxD-(A)
RTS-(A)
TxD-(A)
CTS-(A)
GND
RTS+(B)
CTS+(B)
RxD-(A)
RTS-(A)
TxD-(A)
CTS-(A)
GND
5-2
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
RS-485 Interface
The RS-485 standard is an enhanced version of the RS-422 balanced line standard. It allows
multiple drivers and receivers to work on a multidrop network. A maximum of 32 drivers and 32
receivers can be set up on a multidrop network.
The CP-134U Series supports both 2-wire half-duplex and 4-wire full-duplex RS-485
communications. In 2-wire RS-485, Data+/- pins are used for both data transmitting and receiving,
depending on the RTS signal.
Port 1
CP-134U (4-wire RS-485)
Port 3
Port 4
Port 2
13 RxD+(B)
9
RxD+(B)
5
RxD+(B)
1
RxD+(B)
14 TxD+(B)
10 TxD+(B)
6
TxD+(B)
29 RxD-(A)
42 TxD-(A)
44 GND
25 RxD-(A)
39 TxD-(A)
41 GND
21 RxD-(A)
35 TxD-(A)
37 GND
2
17
31
33
TxD+(B)
RxD-(A)
TxD-(A)
GND
Port 1
CP-134U (2-wire RS-485)
Port 3
Port 4
Port 2
13 Data+(B)
9
Data+(B)
29 Data-(A)
25 Data-(A)
5
Data+(B)
21 Data-(A)
1
Data+(B)
17 Data-(A)
5-3
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
Individual Port Pinouts
In this subsection we give the pinouts for individual ports. Refer to the DB9 pinout diagrams if
you are using the Model M44M9x4 cable, and refer to the DB25 pinout diagrams if you are using
the Model M44M25x4 cable.
RS-232
DB9
Pin No.
DB25
Signal
Pin No.
Signal
1
DCD
2
TxD
2
RxD
3
RxD
3
TxD
4
RTS
4
DTR
5
CTS
5
GND
6
DSR
6
DSR
7
GND
7
RTS
8
DCD
8
CTS
20
DTR
RS-422
DB9
Pin No.
Signal
DB25
Pin No.
Signal
1
TxD-(A)
2
RxD+(B)
2
TxD+(B)
3
TxD+(B)
3
RxD+(B)
4
RTS+(B)
4
RxD-(A)
5
CTS+(B)
5
GND
7
GND
6
RTS-(A)
22
CTS-(A)
7
RTS+(B)
20
RxD-(A)
8
CTS+(B)
8
TxD-(A)
9
CTS-(A)
6
RTS-(A)
5-4
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
RS-485 (4-wire)
DB9
Pin No.
Signal
DB25
Pin No.
Signal
1
TxD-(A)
2
RxD+(B)
2
TxD+(B)
3
TxD+(B)
3
RxD+(B)
7
GND
4
RxD-(A)
20
RxD-(A)
5
GND
8
TxD-(A)
RS-485 (2-wire)
DB9
Pin No.
Signal
DB25
Pin No.
Signal
4
Data-(A)
2
Data+(B)
3
Data+(B)
7
GND
5
GND
20
Data-(A)
5-5
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
Cable Wiring—DB9
RS-422 Point-to-point
CP-134U
2
TxD+(B)
1
TxD-(A)
3
RxD+(B)
4
RxD-(A)
5
GND
RS-422 Broadcasting
RS-422 Device
RxD+(B)
RxD-(A)
TxD+(B)
TxD-(A)
GND
CP-134U
2
TxD+(B)
3
RxD+(B)
1
TxD-(A)
4
RxD-(A)
5
GND
RS-422 Device 1
RxD+(B)
TxD+(B)
RxD-(A)
TxD-(A)
GND
RS-422 Device N
RxD+(B)
TxD+(B)
RxD-(A)
TxD-(A)
GND
CP-134U – RS-422 with Handshaking
CP-134U
2 TxD+(B)
1 TxD-(A)
3 RxD+(B)
4 RxD-(A)
5 GND
7 RTS+(B)
6 RTS-(A)
8 CTS+(B)
9 CTS-(A)
RS-422 Device
RxD+(B)
RxD-(A)
TxD+(B)
TxD-(A)
GND
CTS+(B)
CTS-(A)
RTS+(B)
RTS-(A)
CP-134U – 2-wire RS-485
CP-134U
3 Data+(B)
4 Data-(A)
5 GND
RS-485 Device
Data+(B)
Data-(A)
GND
5-6
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
Multidrop 2-wire RS-485 (half-duplex)
CP-134U
Master
3 Data+
4 Data5 GND
RS-485 Device 1
Slave
Data+
DataGND
RS-485 Device N
Slave
Data+
DataGND
Multidrop 4-wire RS-485 (full-duplex)
CP-134U
Master
2 TxD+(B)
1 TxD-(A)
3 RxD+(B)
4 RxD-(A)
5 GND
RS-485 Device 1
Slave
RxD+(B)
RxD-(A)
TxD+(B)
TxD-(A)
GND
RS-485 Device N
Slave
RxD+(B)
RxD-(A)
TxD+(B)
TxD-(A)
GND
See the section “RS-485 Programming” in the “Serial Programming Tools” chapter for more
details on RS-485 programming.
5-7
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Connection Cables and Cable Wiring
Impedance Matching and Termination Resistors
When using RS-422/485 serial communications, an electrical signal that travels through two
different resistance junctions in a transmission line will sometimes give rise to signal reflection
due to the impedance mismatch. Signal reflection causes signal distortion, which in turn
contributes to communication errors. The solution to this problem is to establish the same
impedance at the ends of the transmission line, as in the line itself, by terminating the ends of the
line with resistors.
5-8
6
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
Common CP-134U Series problems and possible solutions are listed below. If you cannot find a
solution to your problem in this chapter, contact your dealer or Moxa for help. For your
convenience, a standard Problem Report Form is given at the end of this manual.
General Troubleshooting
1.
The MOXA PCI board cannot be detected by the MOXA driver while installing the
driver.
Hardware causes and solutions:
a. The board is not installed in the computer. Please install it.
b. The board is not properly plugged into the system. If this is the case, re-plug the board
into a 32-bit PCI slot. It is also possible that a slot has malfunctioned. In this case, try
other slots until you find one that works.
c. The motherboard does not have an available IRQ for the CP-134U Series board. In this
case, enter the BIOS and make sure there is an availalbe IRQ under PCI/PnP settings.
2.
The MOXA board and driver are activated but cannot transfer (transmit/receive) data.
Hardware Causes and Solutions:
a. Make sure the cable wiring is connected correctly. Refer to the “Connection Cable and
Cable Wiring” chapter for correct cable connections.
b. The cable or the board are probably defective. Try other ports, cables, or boards to verify
this, or use th PComm Diagnostic utility to test the MOXA board and port conditions. If
Diagnostic reports an error, replace the faulty components.
Software Causes and Solutions:
a.
CP-134U Series boards will check the line status (CTS) before transmitting data if the
RTS/CTS flow control feature is set to Enable in the configuration or application program.
Refer to the Connection Cables and Cable Wiring chapter for proper wiring diagrams,
and check the line status of the suspected port using the diagnostic LED indicators on the
mini tester.
b.
The board control application may be incompatible with the corresponding API of the
operating system. To check this problem, run another existing and known good
application or use the utilities provided by Moxa (such as PComm Terminal emulator), or
other third party utilities, such as HyperTerminal under Windows NT and Windows
95/98.
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Technical Reference
Windows NT
This section is specifically for troubleshooting under Windows NT. For general problems and
solutions, see the previous section, “General Troubleshooting.”
1.
After the system reboots, the error message “Another driver in the system, which did
not report its resources, has already claimed the interrupt used by xxx.” appears in the
Event Log.
This indicates the MOXA board was found, but the IRQ is conflicting with another adapter.
Please check the PCI BIOS IRQ settings first and then select an IRQ that is available.
2.
After the system reboots, the error message “Cannot find any configured MOXA
Smartio/Industio Series board!” appears in the Event Log.
Make sure the PCI board is seated firmly in the expansion slot.
3.
The COM number of the CP-134U Series conflicts with others.
The COM numbers of different boards happen to be the same. Try changing the COM number
mappings.
4.
Windows NT system panic (blue screen).
The possible reason is an IRQ or memory conflict with other ISA Bus adapters, like LAN and
SCSI boards, or the system BIOS. Refer to the corresponding problem in the previous section,
“General Troubleshooting,” for possible solutions.
Windows 95/98
This section is specifically for troubleshooting under Windows 95/98. For general problems and
solutions, see the section, “General Troubleshooting.”
1.
The system fails to find the CP-134U Series board!
y The board(s) is (are) not plugged properly.
y The slot the boards are plugged into is defective. Try another slot until you find one that
works.
y The board might be defective.
2.
After the system reboots, the error message “CP-134U Series (BusNo=x, DevNo=x,
Port1=COMx) interrupt number is invalid!” appears.
This indicates that the MOXA board was found, but the IRQ conflicts with another adapter.
Make sure the MOXA board’s IRQ does not conflict with other adapters’ IRQ. Check the PCI
BIOS IRQ settings and select an available IRQ for MOXA boards.
6-2
A
Appendix A Technical Reference
Specifications
Bus interface
Number of ports
Max. No. of boards
I/O address
IRQ
Comm. controller
Transmission speed
Data bits
Stop bits
Parity
Data signals
Connectors
Optical isolation
Surge protection
Termination Resistor
Operating temperature
Power requirements
Dimensions (W × D)
Operating Systems
32-bit PCI
4
4
Assigned by PCI BIOS
Assigned by PCI BIOS
MOXA UART (16C550C compatible)
50 bps to 230.4 Kbps (CP-134U, CP-134U-I)
50 bps to 921.6 Kbps (CP-134U V2, CP-134U-I V2)
5, 6, 7, 8
1, 1.5, 2
none, even, odd, space, mark
RS-232
TxD, RxD, DTR, DSR, RTS, CTS, GND
RS-422
TxD+(B)/-(A), RxD+(B)/-(A),
RTS+(B)/-(A), CTS+(B)/-(A), GND
4-wire RS-485 TxD+(B)/-(A), RxD+(B)/-(A), GND
2-wire RS-485 Data+(B)/-(A), GND
1 DB44 female port
Max. 2000V (CP-134U-I, CP-134U-I V2)
ESD max. 16000V (CP-134U, CP-134U-I,
CP-134U V2, CP-134U-I V2)
120 Ω
0 – 55°C
CP-134U
308 mA (+5V)
CP-134U V2 180 mA (+5V)
CP-134U-I
880 mA (+5V)
CP-134U-I V2 850 mA (+5V)
CP-134U
135 × 110 mm
CP-134U V2 120 × 82.5 mm
CP-134U-I
160 × 120 mm
CP-134U-I V2 120 × 115 mm
Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/2003, Linux, DOS, FreeBSD
CP-134U Series User’s Manual
Technical Reference
PCI
The 32-bit CP-134U Series board complies with PCI Specifications 2.1. The IRQ and I/O address
hardware configuration is automatically assigned by the PCI BIOS. This means that you must first
plug in the board before installing the driver software.
As opposed to ISA slots, different PCI slots in the same PC may have different bus numbers and
device numbers with respect to the PCI specifications. The same PCI board will have different
system configurations if switched to a different PCI slot; this is called slot-sensitive or
slot-dependent. This may also apply to PCI slots in a PC with a different motherboard, which may
use different device number sets. For example, some use 17, 18, 19, and 20 for identifying the
respective PCI slots, but some use 11, 12, 13, and 14.
Due to slot-dependency, it is necessary to re-configure the driver software once the board is
plugged into different PCI slots.
Up to 4 CP-134U Series boards are allowed in one system. When installing more than one board,
please remember the order the boards are installed to distinguish the installed boards from
each other.
Return Procedure
For product repair, exchange, or refund, the customer must:

Provide evidence of original purchase.

Obtain a Product Return Agreement (PRA) from the sales representative or dealer.

Fill out the Problem Report Form (PRF). Include as much detail as possible for a shorter
product repair time.

Carefully pack the product in an anti-static package, and send it, pre-paid, to the dealer. The
PRA should be visible on the outside of the package, and include a description of the problem,
along with the return address and telephone number of a technical contact.
A-2
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