Syringe Selection Guide

Syringe Selection Guide
Syringe Selection Guide
Complete Guide to Selecting the Right
Hamilton Microliter,™ Gastight® and
Specialty Syringes for Your Application
Table of Contents
Introduction.................................................................................................................4
Syringe Schematics...................................................................................................5
Selecting the Right Syringe for Your Application Step-by-Step Guide..............5
Hamilton Syringe Selection Worksheet.....................................................................6
Example of Completed Worksheet...........................................................................7
1. Syringe Types.........................................................................................................8
Microliter Syringes For Liquids.....................................................................................8
Modified Microliter Syringes For Liquids........................................................................8
Gastight Syringes For Liquids and Gases......................................................................8
2. Syringe Series........................................................................................................9
3. Series Descriptions................................................................................................10
Microliter Syringes......................................................................................................10
600 Series..............................................................................................................10
700 Series..............................................................................................................10
800 Series .............................................................................................................11
Modified Microliter Syringes ........................................................................................11
7000 Series............................................................................................................11
Gastight Syringes ......................................................................................................12
1000 Series............................................................................................................12
1700 Series............................................................................................................12
1800 Series............................................................................................................13
Super Syringes..........................................................................................................13
4. Terminations...........................................................................................................14
Cemented Needle (N)..............................................................................................14
Special Cemented Needle (SN) ................................................................................14
Luer Tip Cemented Needle (LTN) .............................................................................14
Luer Tip Special Cemented Needle (LTSN).................................................................14
Luer Tip (LT)............................................................................................................14
Removable Needle (RN)...........................................................................................15
Knurled Hub (KH)....................................................................................................15
PTFE Luer Lock (TLL)...............................................................................................15
SampleLock™ (SL)....................................................................................................15
5. Needle Selection....................................................................................................16
Standard Needles......................................................................................................16
Custom Needles........................................................................................................16
Custom Needle Hubs..............................................................................................16
Point Styles and Applications ...................................................................................17
Custom Needle Gauge and Length ..........................................................................18
Gauge Index Table...................................................................................................19
Accessories, Replacement Parts and Services.....................................................20
Additional Technical Information..............................................................................22
Technical Support......................................................................................................23
3
INTRODUCTION
SYRINGE SCHEMATICS
Introduction
Syringe Schematics
Hamilton syringes are the finest quality precision fluid
measuring devices available. Top quality materials and skilled
workmanship ensure Hamilton syringes consistently deliver the
highest possible performance for reliable analyses. With proper
care and handling, Hamilton syringes provide unsurpassed
performance year after year.
All Hamilton products are unconditionally guaranteed to be
free of defects in materials and workmanship for one year
(12 months) from date of purchase. Hamilton Company is
ISO 9001 Certified. Consult our published specifications to
determine the material compatibility of Hamilton products with
your application.
This guide presents all the information needed to select
the right syringe for your manual application. In addition,
Hamilton offers a complete line of syringes for use with
instrumentation such as autosamplers and syringe pumps,
including replacement syringes for pumps produced by other
manufacturers. Top quality materials and skilled workmanship
ensure that Hamilton syringes consistently delivers the highest
possible performance for reliable analyses.
Hamilton continuously researches new materials and methods
to improve the form, fit and function of our syringes. You
can be confident that when you buy from Hamilton you are
receiving a top-quality instrument. For the latest information
on new products, detailed product and part descriptions,
published specifications, and our Syringe Care and Use Guide,
please visit www.hamiltoncompany.com.
For manual dispenses, our syringes are accurate to within ±1%
of nominal volume with a precision of 1% at 80% of the total
volume. The fluid path of a Hamilton syringe is designed to be
chemically inert with stainless steel, borosilicate glass and PTFE
used for most syringes. N.I.S.T. traceable certification is available
as an additional service for the majority of the syringes in our
product line.
Syringes and needles manufactured by Hamilton Company
are intended for scientific research and laboratory use only
and are not intended for human in vivo use.
Examples of Hamilton Microliter and Gastight Precision Syringes
700 Series Microliter Syringe
Cemented Needle (N)
Point Style 2 Needle
For liquids
Flange
Barrel
Graduations
Needle
1700 Series Gastight Syringe
Cemented Needle (N)
Point Style 2 Needle
Plunger
Termination
Point Style
For liquids and gases
Plunger Tip
(PTFE)
Microliter syringes have a stainless steel plunger which is
individually hand-fitted to its matching glass barrel. The handfitting process is finely controlled to create a liquid-tight seal
between the barrel and the plunger. Plungers for Microliter
syringes cannot be interchanged or replaced if damaged.
O-Ring
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
Gastight syringes have a precision machined PTFE plunger
tip which provides a tight seal for both liquids and gases.
Replacement plunger assemblies are available for most
Gastight syringes.
Selecting the Right Syringe for Your
Application Step-by-Step Guide
Hamilton offers six core series with a wide range of delivery
volumes, termination types, needle gauges and needle point
styles plus numerous speciality syringes. Hamilton’s syringe
series are grouped by sample type, application and volume
range. Our syringes are further supported by an array of
accessories that improve durability and reproducibility.
Use our five-step guide and worksheet to choose the
ideal syringe for your application. The next page is a
Syringe Selection Guide
blank Hamilton Syringe Selection Worksheet. The blank
worksheet is followed by a sample of a completed worksheet.
Instructions for using the worksheet are included on the form.
Once the worksheet is completed, you can fully describe the
syringe needed for your application.
NOTE: You may want to make copies of the blank
worksheet for future use.
5
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
Hamilton Syringe Selection Worksheet
Example of Completed Worksheet
To use this worksheet, define the sample type and required
dispensing volume. For additional details on any of the items,
go to the appropriate reference section in this guide. Choose
the feature needed and enter your selection on the worksheet.
The completed worksheet fully describes the Hamilton syringe
In this example, Jane needs a syringe that is capable of doing nine rapid 10 µL injections of a blood serum solution for a nitric
oxide study using GC analysis.
Steps to Choosing a Syringe
1.See Syringe Types, pg. 8, to decide whether a
Microliter or Gastight syringe is best for
the application.
needed for your application. Visit www.hamiltoncompany.com
to identify the part number using the syringe selection tool or
Hamilton Customer Service, the numbers are listed on the
back of this guide.
Steps to Choosing a Syringe
Your Selection
Your Selection
1.See Syringe Types, pg. 8, to decide whether a
Microliter or Gastight syringe is best for
the application.
1.Microliter ______________
1.Microliter ______________
Jane’s sample is a liquid, but it is viscous and contains
numerous dissolved components that over time could cause a
fitted plunger to freeze, so she elects to use a Gastight syringe.
Gastight _______________
NOTE: Gastight syringes are recommended for viscous
samples. With Microliter syringes, it is possible for air to
slip past a plunger as a vacuum is created.
Your dispensing volume in µL ___________________
2. Series available _______________________________
2. Use the Syringe to Series Chart, pg. 9, to determine the
available syringe series in the volume range needed.
_____________________________________________
3. Series selected _______________________________
3. See the Series Descriptions, pgs. 10-13, to determine
the most appropriate series, and the available volumes
and terminations for that series.
4.See Terminations, pgs. 14 and 15, to determine the
most suitable termination.
5.See Needle Selection, pg. 16, to determine the most
appropriate needle if a termination or application
requires the selection of a specific needle.
a. Standard Needles. Most Hamilton syringes are
available with 51 mm (2 inches) needles of an
appropriate gauge with either Point Style 2 (sharp
point) or Point Style 3 (blunt point).
b.Custom Needles. If the application requires a
non-standard length, gauge or point style, then
Hamilton offers several custom options. See
Custom Needles, pg. 16, to determine the
appropriate needle for any application.
Volume selected ______________________________
Terminations available _________________________
_____________________________________________
4. Terminations selected __________________________
5. Standard Needle
Point Style 2 ______________________________
Point Style 3 ______________________________
Custom Needle
Gauge___________________________________
Length (mm or inches) _____________________
Point Style _______________________________
Needle Hub ______________________________
Series
Syringe Selection Guide
Volume
2. Use the Syringe to Series Chart, pg. 9, to determine the
available syringe series in the volume range needed.
10 µL
Your dispensing volume _________________________
2. Series available ________________________________
1700 and 1800
______________________________________________
3. See the Series Descriptions, pgs. 10-13, to determine the most appropriate series, and the available volumes
and terminations for that series.
10 µL
Volume selected _______________________________
From the descriptions, she determines that although the
1700 series would work, the 1800 series has a supported
plunger which eliminates the chance of bending the fragile
plunger during the nine rapid injections. She selects the
appropriate volume and lists the terminations available for
the 1800 series syringes.
______________________________________________
Using the chart, she determines that syringes in the 1700 and
1800 series are available in her volume range.
3. Series selected ________________________________
1800
N and RN
Terminations available __________________________
RN
4. Terminations selected ___________________________
4.See Terminations, pgs. 14 and 15, to determine the
most suitable termination.
5. Standard Needle
She sees that the 1800 series syringes are available with either
Cemented Needle or Removable Needle terminations. She
determines that a Removable Needle is the most appropriate
termination because if her serum sample clogs the needle she
can replace the needle and not the whole syringe.
Point Style 2 _______________________________
X
Point Style 3 _______________________________
Custom Needle
5.See Needle Selection, pg. 16, to determine the most
appropriate needle if a termination or application
requires the selection of a specific needle.
Gauge____________________________________
Length (mm or inches) ______________________
Since a standard needle is suitable for her application, Jane
does not need to supply information for a custom needle. She
requires piercing a septum, which point style 2 is appropriate.
Point Style ________________________________
Needle Hub _______________________________
The right Hamilton syringe for my application is:
Gastight
1800
10 µL
The right Hamilton syringe for my application is:
Type
X
Gastight _______________
Type
Termination
Needle
Series
Volume
RN
Point Style 2
Termination
Needle
Jane calls Hamilton Customer Service and orders a Gastight 1800 series
10 µL syringe with an RN hub and a standard sharp needle (Point Style 2).
7
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
1. Syringe Types
The key to selecting the right syringe for your application is to identify your
sample type and determine the smallest volume to be dispensed or injected.
Hamilton offers two types of syringes, Microliter and Gastight, which differ in the
design of the plunger.
Microliter Syringes For Liquids
Microliter syringes incorporate a hand-fitted stainless steel plunger with a finely bored syringe
barrel. These syringes are ideal for organic samples that are not prone to precipitation,
crystallization or bonding with glass.
Under the proper conditions, plunger wear is minimal and the life of a Microliter syringe is almost
unlimited. However, when using heterogeneous solutions with a Microliter syringe, the user must
be especially diligent about cleaning the syringe after each use. For more information, see our
Syringe Care and Use Guide.
In some cases, even diligent cleaning is not sufficient and the barrel will become soiled. The
deposits on the glass will compromise the tight tolerances between the glass and the plunger
resulting in a frozen plunger. Plungers for Microliter syringes cannot be interchanged or replaced
if damaged. For aqueous and low volatile solutions, a Gastight syringe is the best option.
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
2. Syringe Series
For organic liquid samples, there are four Microliter syringe
series. For gas samples and aqueous or low volatile liquids,
there are four Gastight syringe series from which to choose.
Given the variety of syringe series available with Microliter
and Gastight plungers, an easy way to narrow down the
list of series is to use delivery (or dispensing) volume as a
discriminating factor. For the most accurate dispenses always
choose a syringe that has a nominal volume as close to the
dispense volume as possible.
The Hamilton Syringe Type to Series Chart
Syringe Type
Gastight Syringes For Liquids and Gases
Gastight syringes have a precision-machined polymer plunger tip, often PTFE, which creates
a leak-free seal. With the tight fit, the tip essentially wipes the interior of the syringe barrel free
of sample. This feature is particularly useful with aqueous and low volatile organic samples
because it reduces the chance that a deposit will occur and cause the plunger to freeze.
For accuracy and precision, the smallest dispensing volume
for a given syringe should be greater than or equal to 10% of
its total capacity. For example, the smallest dispensing volume
recommended for a 10 µL syringe is 1 µL. The following
Syringe Type to Series Chart shows the volumes that each
series is capable of dispensing within 10–100% of the syringes’
nominal volume.
Microliter
Liquid only
The Gastight series still requires careful and regular cleaning to minimize deposits on the
glass which might score the soft PTFE plunger tip and result in a leak. Replacement plunger
assemblies are available for Gastight syringes. However, a replacement plunger should not be
put into a barrel that still contains deposits because the new plunger tip is likely to be scored by
the deposit after only a few strokes. It is important to remember that over time, the increased
friction created by the tight seal may cause the PTFE tip to wear out and the plunger will have to
be replaced.
Gastight
Gas/Liquid
Delivery Volume
Syringe Series
0.05 µL – 0.25 µL
7000 Series
0.25 µL – 0.5 µL
600 Series
0.5 µL – 5 µL
600, 700, 800, 7000 Series
5 µL – 10 µL
700, 800 Series
10 µL – 250 µL
700, 800 Series
250 µL – 500 µL
700 Series
1 µL – 100 µL
1700, 1800 Series
100 µL – 250 µL
1000, 1700, 1800 Series
250 µL – 500 µL
1000, 1700 Series
500 µL – 50 mL
1000 Series
50 mL – 100 mL
100 mL – 2L
Syringe Selection Guide
1000 Series and Super Syringe
Super Syringe
9
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
3. Series Descriptions
800 Series (0.5 µL — 250 µL Delivery Volume)
Complete descriptions for Hamilton syringe series used for manual applications are given below.
The descriptions include product features and typical applications along with the volumes, terminations
and accessories available for each series. For some volumes, several series may include syringes with
equivalent volume ranges and similar terminations.
Microliter Syringes
The 800 series has the same liquid handling capabilities as the 700 series but with the
addition of an aluminum syringe holder designed to eliminate plunger damage. The
syringe holder screws onto the glass barrel. A two-piece extended plunger further
eliminates the risk of breakage. A friction screw at the top of the barrel can be adjusted
to give the user some control over dispensing speed and prevent the accidental removal
of the plunger. In addition, the syringe holder can be fitted with different barrel/plunger
assemblies to cover a range of volumes.
(0.05 µL – 500 µL Delivery Volume)
This type of syringe is for use with liquids and incorporates a stainless steel plunger that is
individually fitted to its matching syringe barrel. These micro-volume syringes have a very close
tolerance between the plunger and the barrel which creates a liquid-tight seal without parts
such as o-rings that eventually wear out.
N
Barrel Assembly
RN
RN Nut
600 Series (0.25 µL — 5 µL Delivery Volume)
The 600 series are robust syringes consisting of two distinct parts. The bottom half of
the barrel accurately measures the liquid sample and the top half supports the plunger. In
addition, the top section of the plunger is thicker to further reduce the risk of bending the
plunger. These syringes require half of the standard stroke length making them ideal for
one-handed operation. The plungers and barrels are not interchangeable or replaceable.
Barrel Assembly
RN Nut
RN Needle
Recommended Use:
The 600 series is great for
animal injections because one
hand is free for manipulating
the animal.
Volumes:
2.5 µL and 5 µL
Terminations:
Removable Needle (RN)
Accessories:
Syringe Guide and
Reproducibility Adapter
RN Needle
RN Ferrule
Plunger Assembly
Syringe Holder
Friction Ring (PTFE)
Friction Screw
Plunger Stem
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
Holder Assembly
Modified Microliter Syringes
7000 Series (0.05 µL – 5 µL Delivery Volume)
The 7000 series employs a plunger wire inside the needle to accurately dispense ultra-low
volumes. The needle is bored to extremely accurate tolerances to accommodate the plunger wire.
With the plunger inside the needle, the standard dead volume inside the needle is eliminated.
RN Ferrule
Plunger Assembly
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
Knurled Hub Nut
700 Series (0.5 µL – 500 µL Delivery Volume)
The 700 series is the original Hamilton syringe. It was designed to solve the general liquid
handling requirements of manufacturing and research laboratories and remains the industry
standard. The plungers and barrels are not interchangeable or replaceable.
N
Barrel Assembly
LT
RN
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
RN Nut
RN Needle
RN Ferrule
Syringe Selection Guide
Plunger Assembly
Recommended Use:
This syringe is intended for
applications where the plunger
on a 700 series syringe might be
bent. Excellent for novice users.
Volumes:
5 µL, 10 µL, 25 µL, 50 µL,
100 µL and 250 µL
Terminations:
Cemented Needle (N) and
Removable Needle (RN)
Accessories:
Reproducibility Adapter
Recommended Use:
The 700 series is used for
manual and automated GC and
HPLC injections. Also, it is used
for everyday applications that
require accurate measuring and
dispensing of liquid.
Volumes:
5 µL, 10 µL, 25 µL, 50 µL,
100 µL, 250 µL and 500 µL
Terminations:
Cemented Needle (N),
Special Cemented Needle (SN),
Removable Needle (RN) and
Luer Tip (LT)
Accessories:
PB600-1 Repeating Dispenser,
Reproducibility Adapter, Syringe
Guide and Digital Syringe
KH Needle with Ferrule
Barrel Assembly
Wire and Plunger Assembly
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
Recommended Use:
The 7000 series is used for
manual and automated GC
and HPLC injections. Also, it is
used for everyday applications
that require ultra-small
measurements of liquid.
Volumes:
0.5 µL, 1 µL, 2 µL and 5 µL
Terminations:
Knurled Hub (KH)
Accessories:
Reproducibility Adapter,
Syringe Guide, Digital Syringe
and Syringe Cleaner
11
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
Gastight Syringes
1800 Series (1 µL – 250 µL Delivery Volume)
(1 µL – 100 mL Delivery Volume)
The 1800 series was designed to eliminate the possibility of plunger damage. It has the
same liquid handling capabilities as the 1700 series but the extended plunger eliminates
breakage and allows the user some control over the dispense speed.
These syringes can be used with both liquids and gases. The precision-machined PTFE plunger
tip creates a leak-free seal. The plungers are replaceable.
1000 Series (100 µL — 100 mL Delivery Volume)
The 1000 series is a mid-volume solution for all liquid and gas handling needs.
LT
LTN/LTSN
Barrel Assembly
RN
RN Nut
TLL
RN Ferrule
RN Needle
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
SL
Plunger Tip
(PTFE)
RN Nut
RN Needle
O-Ring
Plunger Assembly 6-32 UNC
(Typical Syringe
Terminations)
Recommended Use:
The 1000 series is ideal for
manual and automated HPLC
injections. This syringe is
commonly used in syringe
pumps and other liquid
handling instrumentation.
Volumes:
1 mL, 1.25 mL, 2.5 mL, 5 mL,
10 mL, 25 mL, 50 mL and
100 mL
Terminations:
Luer Tip Cemented Needle
(LTN), Luer Tip Special
Cemented
Needle (LTSN), Luer Tip (LT),
Removable Needle (RN), PTFE
Luer Lock (TLL) and
SampleLock (SL)
Accessories:
PB600-1 Repeating Dispenser
for volumes (1 to 2.5 mL)
N
Barrel Assembly
RN
RN Nut
RN Needle RN Ferrule
Plunger Assembly
Plunger Tip (PTFE)
Syringe Holder
Friction Ring (PTFE)
Friction Screw
Plunger Stem
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
Holder Assembly
Super Syringes — Specialty Syringes for Gases
Super Syringe (50 mL – 2L Delivery Volume)
1700 Series (1 µL – 500 µL Delivery Volume)
This is the Gastight version of the original Hamilton 700 series syringe. It was
designed to meet the low volume liquid or gas handling needs of research and
manufacturing laboratories.
LT
LTN/LTSN
Barrel Assembly
N/SN
RN Ferrule
RN
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
TLL
RN Nut
RN Needle
RN Nut
RN Needle
SL
Plunger Tip
(PTFE)
(Typical Syringe
Terminations)
Syringe Selection Guide
O-Ring
Plunger Assembly
Recommended Use:
The 1700 series is excellent
for manual and automated
GC and HPLC injections. This
syringe is commonly used in
syringe pumps and other liquid
handling instrumentation.
Volumes: 10 µL, 25 µL, 50 µL,
100 µL, 250 µL and 500 µL
Terminations: Cemented
Needle (N), Special Cemented
Needle (SN), Luer Tip
Cemented Needle (LTN),
Luer Tip Special Cemented
Needle (LTSN), Luer Tip (LT),
Removable Needle (RN),
PTFE Luer Lock (TLL) and
SampleLock (SL)
Accessories: PB600-1
Repeating Dispenser,
Reproducibility Adapter, Syringe
Guide and Digital Syringe
Recommended Use:
This syringe is intended for
applications where the plunger
on a 1700 series syringe might
be bent.
Volumes:
10 µL, 25 µL, 50 µL, 100 µL
and 250 µL
Terminations:
Cemented Needle (N) and
Removable Needle (RN)
Accessories:
Reproducibility Adapter
Super Syringes were designed primarily for air sampling, preparing gas standards,
calibrating reservoirs and pneumographs. The Super Syringe is the only Hamilton
syringe with an acrylic barrel, which makes this syringe slightly less chemically resistant.
Super Syringe Barrel
Recommended Use: This
syringe is intended for sampling
or transfer of gases.
Volumes:
0.5 L, 1 L, 1.5 L and 2 L
Terminations:
PTFE Luer Lock (TLL) and
Tracheal Adapter (accepts
5/8 inch I.D. flexible tubing)
Accessories:
None
HAMILTON CO., RENO, NEVADA
500 ml
100
200
300
400
MODEL S-500
MADE IN USA
Plunger Assembly
Reference Drawing
(Not To Scale)
13
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
4. Terminations
Removable Needle (RN)
The needles are removable and are a Hamilton-specific design.
The design allows the needles to seat precisely at the zero
graduation mark of the syringe. Users can select the needle gauge,
length and point style to optimize the syringe for custom applications.
Additionally, this termination allows for a removable needle without
increasing the dead volume of the syringe and is ideal when there
is a risk of the needle clogging. Autoclavable when disassembled.
Repeated autoclaving will shorten syringe life. For more information,
see our Syringe Care and Use Guide.
Terminations are located at the end of the syringe barrel and function as the
interface between the syringe and its mating connection such as the needle.
Terminations are offered in a number of different needle and connection
configurations to accommodate a broad range of applications. Below is a
listing of the most popular syringe terminations. For a complete overview,
please visit www.hamiltoncompany.com.
Cemented Needle (N)
For low volume syringes
The needles are cemented into the glass syringe barrel at a point corresponding to the
zero graduation mark. With this termination, dead volume is limited to the internal volume
of the needle. Not autoclavable. Needle gauge is determined by the syringe volume and
are not user-selectable. For available needle gauges, visit www.hamiltoncompany.com.
The knurled hub is used exclusively on 7000 Series syringes.
The hub handles up to 6000 psig maximum injection pressure.
The needle is removable but with a limited number of gauges
available because the plunger is fitted inside the needle. Autoclavable
when disassembled. Repeated autoclaving will shorten syringe life.
For more information, see our Syringe Care and Use Guide.
Knurled Hub Nut
RN Ferrule
KH Needle
with Ferrule
KH
SN
PTFE Luer Lock (TLL)
LTN
This termination has a PTFE, male Luer taper with nickel-plated
brass locking hub for use with Kel-F needles, metal hub needles and
universal connectors. Also, the TLL is used with Hamilton diluters/
dispensers, liquid handling applications, and manual operations.
Autoclavable when disassembled, except on 25 mL and greater
syringes. Repeated autoclaving will shorten syringe life. For more
information, see our Syringe Care and Use Guide.
TLL
SampleLock™ (SL)
Luer Tip Special Cemented Needle (LTSN)
For low volume syringes
RN Needle
Knurled Hub (KH)
Luer Tip Cemented Needle (LTN)
For mid volume syringes
The needles are cemented into the glass syringe barrel at a point corresponding to the
zero graduation mark. With this termination, dead volume is limited to the internal volume
of the needle. Not autoclavable. Needle gauge is determined by the syringe volume and
are not user-selectable. For available needle gauges, see www.hamiltoncompany.com.
RN Nut
N
Special Cemented Needle (SN)
For low volume syringes
The special needle terminations are the same as the Cemented Needle terminations
except they allow for a variety of user-defined gauges, lengths and point styles to
be attached.
RN
LTSN
The special needle terminations are the same as the Luer Tip Cemented Needle
terminations except they allow for a variety of user-defined gauges, lengths, and point
styles to be attached.
The sample lock incorporates an on/off syringe valve with RN
needle. This termination is used for headspace, environmental
sample collection and storage, pre-pressurization of gaseous
samples for GC analysis and sample spiking. Not autoclavable.
SL
RN Nut
RN Needle
Reference Drawing
(Not to Scale)
Luer Tip (LT)
The needles are removable and fit over a ground glass hub which is tapered in the shape
of a male Luer. This Luer tip is manufactured to the ANSI standard for Luer connections.
The LT termination will accept most hypodermic needles but was designed specifically for
use with Hamilton Kel-F needles. This termination increases the dead volume in the syringe,
which may not be appropriate for some applications. Autoclavable when disassembled.
Syringe Selection Guide
LT
15
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
5. Needle Selection
Needle point styles range from blunt points for HPLC injections to conical
points for penetrating vinyl and plastics. With most syringes, Hamilton provides
a standard 51 mm (2 inches) needle of an appropriate gauge and point style.
However, if your project requires a non-standard needle gauge or point style,
Hamilton offers a wide variety of custom options.
Standard Needles
Many Hamilton syringes come with a preselected needle that is installed into the syringe. The
default gauge (22 or 26), length (51 mm) and point style (2 or 3) is selected to provide optimum
performance from each syringe. For example a 10 µL syringe uses a 26s gauge needle. The ‘s’
gauge tubing has a small inner diameter and a low dead volume which can be easily primed by
the small 10 µL syringe. By contrast a 10 mL syringe uses a 22 gauge needle which has a larger
inner diameter allowing faster flow from the larger syringe. Throughout our website and catalogs,
the needles are designated by gauge, length (mm) and point style in this format (22s/51/2). Review
the Needle Point Style Chart to determine if a standard point style is suitable or if a custom needle
is necessary for your application.
Custom Needles
For our custom needles, the user-defined parameters are indicated by asterisk like (22s/*/*).
Review the following sections to fully define the custom needle that is required. There are
limits to the gauge, length and point style combinations that are available so contact Hamilton
Technical Support or your local dealer for assistance. Below are some general rules to keep in
mind when selecting a needle hub, gauge, length and point style.
Selecting a Needle Hub
The chart to the right shows the available needle hubs that allow for customization. The Metal
and Kel-f Luer Lock hubs are an industry standard connection that accommodates a wide
range of needle gauges. For syringes 250 µL and above this is a good option. However, for
syringes smaller than 250 µL the dead volume in the Luer lock connector can trap air and make
it more difficult to prime. For these small syringes a Removable Needle or Cemented Needle
connection may be a better choice.
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
Custom Needle Hubs
Choose a needle hub based on the syringe volume and the compatible termination for
the specific syringe you have selected for your application.
SN
Special Cemented Needle (SN): These Cemented Needle syringes allow for userdefined needles to be attached from the factory.
Luer Tip Special Needle (LTSN): These Luer Tip Cemented Needles allow for userdefined needles to be attached from the factory.
LTSN
Metal Hub Luer Lock Needle (N): These needles are designed for use with the TLL
syringe termination and are available in a variety of gauges between 33 and 10.
N
Kel-F Hub Luer Lock Needle (KF): These needles are designed for use with the LT and
TLL syringe terminations and are available in a variety of gauges between 31 and 10.
Small Hub Removable Needle: These needles are designed for use with the RN
syringe termination on syringes with a nominal volume less than or equal to 100 µL.
The needles are available in a variety of gauges between 34 and 18. Note: Remove
the original needle and PTFE ferrule from the RN termination before inserting the
replacement needle assembly.
Large Hub Removable Needle: These needles are designed for use with the RN
syringe termination on syringes with a nominal volume greater than or equal to 250 µL.
The needles are available in a variety of gauges between 26s and 20. Note: Remove
the original needle and PTFE ferrule from the RN termination before inserting the
replacement needle assembly.
KF
RN Nut
RN Nut
RN Needle
RN Needle
Small Hub
Large Hub
NOTE: For assembly instructions for N, KF and RN needles, refer to our
Syringe and Needle Assembly Guide in the downloads section of our website.
Selecting a Needle Gauge
Selecting the proper needle gauge is dependent on the application but the gauge index on
page 19 and the following general guidelines should be considered:
XX
If the application requires septum penetrations do not choose a gauge smaller than 26 gauge or there will
be an increased risk of bending the needle. Also avoid needles larger than 22 gauge to avoid coring the
septum resulting in a clogged needle.
XX
When choosing a needle gauge to connect to a small syringe it is critical to take into account the needle’s
dead volume which is listed in µL/inch in the gauge index. Selecting a needle with too large of a dead
volume could make the syringe difficult to prime.
XX
When the sample to be dispensed is viscous a small gauge needle (27 – 34) can make it difficult to
aspirate sample into the syringe. If a small gauge needle is required it may be necessary to backfill the
syringe. Additionally, slower rates may be required so the syringe is not over pressurized.
Selecting a Needle Point Style
Review the list of needle point styles on page 18 to select the best option for the application.
Syringe Selection Guide
17
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
SELECTING THE RIGHT SYRINGE
Gauge Index Table
Point Styles and Applications
The correct point style varies depending on the intended application. Below are a few examples
of common applications.
GC Injections: Historically a point style 2 was required to achieve efficient septum penetration
with minimized coring. With Hamilton’s GC septa there is evidence that indicates the point style
AS will consistently extend septa life by as much as 10-fold.
Nominal O.D.
Nominal O.D.
Wall Thickness
Volume
Gauge
Inch
mm*
Inch
mm*
Inch
mm*
µL/Inch
34
0.0060 - 0.0065
0.159
0.0015 - 0.0025
0.051
0.004
0.11
0.052
33
0.0080 - 0.0085
0.210
0.0035 - 0.0050
0.108
0.004
0.10
0.233
32
0.0090 - 0.0095
0.235
0.0035 - 0.0050
0.108
0.005
0.13
0.233
31
0.0100 - 0.0105
0.261
0.0045 - 0.0060
0.133
0.005
0.13
0.353
GC and GC Headspace Injections: Point style 5 allows for penetration of septa while
eliminating coring by featuring a side port hole in the needle.
30
0.0120 - 0.0125
0.312
0.0055 - 0.0070
0.159
0.006
0.15
0.504
29
0.0130 - 0.0135
0.337
0.0065 - 0.0080
0.184
0.006
0.15
0.675
Autosampler Injections: Point style AS allows for repeated autosampler injections while
maintaining needle integrity.
28
0.0140 - 0.0145
0.362
0.0065 - 0.0080
0.184
0.007
0.18
0.675
27
0.0160 - 0.0165
0.413
0.0075 - 0.0090
0.210
0.008
0.20
0.876
26s
0.0184 - 0.0189
0.474
0.0045 - 0.0055
0.127
0.014
0.35
0.322
26
0.0180 - 0.0185
0.464
0.0095 - 0.0110
0.260
0.008
0.20
1.349
25s
0.0200 - 0.0205
0.515
0.0055 - 0.0065
0.153
0.014
0.36
0.464
25
0.0200 - 0.0205
0.515
0.0095 - 0.0110
0.260
0.010
0.25
1.349
24
0.0220 - 0.0225
0.566
0.0115 - 0.0130
0.311
0.010
0.25
1.930
23s
0.0250 - 0.0255
0.642
0.0040 - 0.0051
0.116
0.021
0.53
0.268
23
0.0250 - 0.0255
0.642
0.0125 - 0.0140
0.337
0.012
0.30
2.266
Special point styles such as 30°, 45° or any other angle are available
upon request.
22s
0.0280 - 0.0285
0.718
0.0055 - 0.0077
0.168
0.022
0.55
0.563
Conical needle with side port for penetration of septa, thin-gauged vinyls
and plastics without coring. Available gauges: 26s–10.
22
0.0280 - 0.0285
0.718
0.0155 - 0.0170
0.413
0.012
0.30
3.403
Point Style 5
21
0.0320 - 0.0325
0.819
0.0195 - 0.0210
0.514
0.012
0.30
5.271
Point Style AS
Special conical style needle point used on autosampler syringes the noncoring needle point is recommended for septum penetration. Available
gauges: 26s–10.
20
0.0355 - 0.0360
0.908
0.0230 - 0.0245
0.603
0.012
0.30
7.255
19
0.0415 - 0.0425
1.067
0.0255 - 0.0285
0.686
0.015
0.38
9.389
18
0.0495 - 0.0505
1.270
0.0315 - 0.0345
0.838
0.017
0.43
14.011
17
0.0575 - 0.0585
1.473
0.0405 - 0.0435
1.067
0.016
0.41
22.715
16
0.0645 - 0.0655
1.651
0.0455 - 0.0485
1.194
0.018
0.46
28.444
15
0.0715 - 0.0725
1.829
0.0525 - 0.0555
1.372
0.018
0.46
37.529
14
0.0820 - 0.0840
2.109
0.0610 - 0.0650
1.600
0.020
0.51
51.076
13
0.0940 - 0.0960
2.413
0.0690 - 0.0730
1.804
0.024
0.61
64.895
12
0.1080 - 0.110
2.769
0.0830 - 0.0870
2.159
0.024
0.61
93.000
11
0.1190 - 0.1210
3.048
0.0920 - 0.0960
2.388
0.026
0.66
113.728
10
0.1330 - 0.1350
3.404
0.1040 - 0.1080
2.693
0.028
0.71
144.641
HPLC Injections: Most HPLC injection valves are designed to be used with a 22 gauge
point style 3 needle.
Animal Injections: Point style 4, the bevel degree can be changed from 12–60˚ allows for the
most accurate targeting of a specific biological structure.
Needle Point Style Chart
Point Style 2
Sharp, beveled, curved, non-coring needle point recommended for
septum penetration. Available gauges: 34–10.
Point Style 3
Blunt needle point for use with HPLC injection valves and for sample
pipetting. Available gauges: 34–10.
Point Style 4
30º
45º
Standard 12° beveled needle point is recommended for life science
applications. Available gauges: 34–10.
Custom Needle Gauge and Length
When selecting a needle gauge it is important to keep in mind the volume of the syringe and the
dead volume of the needle. For example, it will be very difficult to prime a 10 µL syringe if the
dead volume in the needle is greater than 10 µL. Refer to the gauge index to choose a needle
gauge with an appropriate µL/inch before selecting a needle. Select the minimum length that
allows you to carry out your application comfortably.
The ‘s’ on a 22s needle represents a smaller inner diameter (I.D.) for the needle and a thicker
needle wall for better durability. For example, a 26 gauge needle has an outer diameter (O.D.) of
0.46 mm and an I.D. of 0.26 mm while the 26s gauge needle has an O.D. of 0.47 mm and an
I.D. of 0.13 mm. The 26s has half the I.D. of the 26 gauge needle. Also, the difference in the wall
thickness nearly doubles with 26s gauge having a thickness of 0.35 mm while the 26 gauge is
only 0.20 mm.
Syringe Selection Guide
*mm are nominal
19
ACCESSORIES, REPLACEMENT PARTS, SERVICES
ACCESSORIES, REPLACEMENT PARTS, SERVICES
Accessories, Replacement Parts
and Services
Hamilton offers a variety of accessories to improve durability and reproducibility,
including the ones described below, as well as replacement parts for our
syringes. Details can be found at www.hamiltoncompany.com.
Cleaning Solution Concentrate
Syringe Cleaner
The concentrate is a biodegradable cleaning agent for removal
of stubborn residues. Hamilton part number 18311 (500 mL).
The unit is designed to clean 7000 series Microliter syringes
with only heat (370 °C) or add a vacuum source (0.1 mm
mercury) to remove suspected residuals. Hamilton part
number 76610 (120 VAC) and part number 76615 (220 VAC).
Needle Cleaning Kit
Syringe Guide
Contains a selection of various diameter tungsten wires as well
as a biodegradable Cleaning Solution Concentrate for cleaning
clogged needles. Hamilton part number 76620A. Additional
cleaning wires and Cleaning Solution Concentrate can be
purchased separately.
The guide is easily installed on a syringe to prevent the plunger
from bending or being pulled out. Two models are offered for
different syringe volumes and series. Hamilton part number
14806 (5–10 µL) and 14906 (25–500 µL).
Reproducibility (Chaney) Adapter
The Chaney Adapter is easily installed on a syringe for
consistent, reproducible injections. Also, the adapter
prevents plunger bending while an adjustable stop provides
increased accuracy and precision. Three models are available
to accommodate a range of syringe volumes and series.
Hamilton part numbers 14700 (5–10 µL 700 and 1700 series),
14725 (25–500 µL 700 and 1700 series) and 32146 (5–250 µL
800 and 1800 series).
Digital Syringes are automatically N.I.S.T. traceably calibrated
to the base unit prior to shipment. Recalibration service is
available for the Digital Syringe. Contact Hamilton Customer
Service Department to obtain an RMA number (Returned
Materials Authorization number). Include the syringe part
number used with the base unit on the RMA and return the
digital unit without the syringe. The customer will be charged
the calibration fee plus the cost of a new syringe.
PB600-1 Repeating Dispenser
N.I.S.T. Traceable Certification
The PB600-1 Hamilton part number 83700 can be used with
liquids or gases to consistently dispense 1/50th of the syringe
volume. The dispenser fits Microliter and Gastight syringes
with volumes up to 2.5 mL.
This calibration service is available for most of our precision
syringes. A Certificate of Calibration is shipped with the product
and the procedure is performed with an unbroken chain of
calibration with N.I.S.T. traceable weights. Calibrated syringes
must be specified at the time of ordering by adding the prefix
‘CAL’ to the beginning of the syringe’s part number. For
example, to order a 701N, 10 µL syringe Hamilton part number
80300 as a calibrated syringe, request part number CAL80300.
Digital Syringe
The base unit can be used with Hamilton syringes in the 700,
1700 and 7000 series with nominal volumes between 0.5 µL
and 500 µL. An easy-to-read LCD screen displays the volume
contained in the syringe to within ±0.5% of the syringe nominal
volume. The Digital Syringe is ordered by adding ‘DS’ as a
prefix to the required syringe part number.
Syringe Selection Guide
21
ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Additional Technical Information
The following information is available on our web site
and as pdfs.
Hamilton Precision Syringes Care and Use
With proper care and handling, Hamilton syringes will provide
unsurpassed performance year after year. See our complete
Syringe Care and Use Guide.
Determining the Performance of
Hamilton Syringes
Follow the protocol on this document to confirm the accuracy
of a syringe. The Hamilton Company Quality System is
ISO 9001 certified.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
Technical Support
Hamilton Americas & Pacific Rim:
Hamilton Europe, Asia & Africa:
Hamilton Company
Hamilton Bonaduz AG
4970 Energy Way
Reno, Nevada 89502
Via Crusch 8
Ch-7402 Bonaduz, GR
Switzerland
Customer Service
+1 (888) 525-2123
Technical Support/Service
+1 (800) 648-5950
Customer Service
+41 81-660-60-60
Fax: +41 81-660-60-70
Email: [email protected]
Outside of the U.S.
Inner and Outer Dimensions
+1 (775) 858-3000
For applications and projects where the physical dimensions
of a syringe are important, specifications are provided for the
most popular syringes in our product line.
Email: [email protected]
Product Instruction Sheets
Electronic versions of the documentation shipped with new
products contains information on assembly, use, replacement
parts, etc. Refer to these instruction sheets if you have
misplaced an original instruction sheet or would like to see
more information on a specific product prior to purchase.
Frequently Asked Questions
Many of your questions can be answered by visiting the FAQ
located in the Technical Information drop-down menu within the
Syringes & Needles section of www.hamiltoncompany.com.
Syringe Graduations
Hamilton provides information relating to the scale divisions on
a syringe to the delivery volume. A series of tables detail this
information for all of our syringes.
Syringe Selection Guide
23
© 2012 Hamilton Company. All rights reserved.
All trademarks are owned and/or registered by Hamilton Company in the U.S. and/or other countries.
Lit. No. L20082 — Printed in U.S.A.
Hamilton Americas & Pacific Rim
Web: www.hamiltoncompany.com
USA:
800-648-5950
+41-81-660-60-60
Europe:
4970 Energy Way
Reno, Nevada 89502 USA
Tel: +1-775-858-3000
Fax: +1-775-856-7259
[email protected]
Hamilton Europe, Asia, & Africa
Via Crusch 8
CH-7402 Bonaduz, GR, Switzerland
Tel: +41-81-660-60-60
Fax: +41-81-660-60-70
[email protected]
To find a representative in your area, please visit hamiltoncompany.com/contacts.
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