Broadband router XRT

Broadband router XRT

Networking & Communication

Internet Broadband Router

XRT-711A

User’s Guide

Copyright

(C) 2001 PLANET Technology Corp. All rights reserved.

The products and programs described in this User’s Manual are licensed products of PLANET

Technology, This User’s Manual contains proprietary information protected by copyright, and this User’s

Manual and all accompanying hardware, software, and documentation are copyrighted.

No part of this User’s Manual may be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form by any means by electronic or mechanical. Including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval systems, for any purpose other than the purchaser's personal use, and without the prior express written permission of PLANET Technology.

Disclaimer

PLANET Technology does not warrant that the hardware will work properly in all environments and applications, and makes no warranty and representation, either implied or expressed, with respect to the quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose.

PLANET has made every effort to ensure that this User’s Manual is accurate; PLANET disclaims liability for any inaccuracies or omissions that may have occurred.

Information in this User’s Manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of PLANET. PLANET assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies that may be contained in this User’s Manual. PLANET makes no commitment to update or keep current the information in this User’s Manual, and reserves the right to make improvements to this User’s Manual and/or to the products described in this User’s Manual, at any time without notice.

If you find information in this manual that is incorrect, misleading, or incomplete, we would appreciate your comments and suggestions.

CE mark Warning

The is a class B device, In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.

Trademarks

The PLANET logo is a trademark of PLANET Technology. This documentation may refer to numerous hardware and software products by their trade names. In most, if not all cases, these designations are claimed as trademarks or registered trademarks by their respective companies.

Revision

User’s Manual for PLANET Internet Broadband Router:

Model: XRT-711A

Rev: 4.0 (Nov. 2001)

Part No. EM-XRT7V4 ii

T

ABLE OF

C

ONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................. 1

XRT-711A Features .......................................................................................................... 1

Package Contents .............................................................................................................. 3

Physical Details .................................................................................................................. 4

CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION ............................................................................................... 7

Requirements ..................................................................................................................... 7

Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 7

CHAPTER 3 SETUP................................................................................................................. 9

Overview ............................................................................................................................ 9

Configuration Program................................................................................................... 10

Setup Wizard ................................................................................................................... 12

LAN Screen ...................................................................................................................... 14

Password Screen .............................................................................................................. 16

CHAPTER 4 PC CONFIGURATION................................................................................... 17

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 17

Windows Clients .............................................................................................................. 17

Printer Setup for Windows............................................................................................. 29

Macintosh Clients ............................................................................................................ 35

Linux Clients.................................................................................................................... 35

Other Unix Systems ......................................................................................................... 36

CHAPTER 5 OPERATION AND STATUS ......................................................................... 37

Operation ......................................................................................................................... 37

Status Screen.................................................................................................................... 37

Connection Status - PPPoE............................................................................................. 39

Connection Status - PPTP............................................................................................... 42

Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address .......................................................... 44

CHAPTER 6 ADVANCED FEATURES............................................................................... 46

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 46

Advanced Menu Screen .................................................................................................. 46

Advanced Internet Screen............................................................................................... 47

Conferencing & Telephony............................................................................................. 47

Special Applications ........................................................................................................ 48

DMZ.................................................................................................................................. 50

URL Filter ........................................................................................................................ 50

Virtual Servers................................................................................................................. 52

Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server)........................................................................... 55

Remote Management....................................................................................................... 57

CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED CONFIGURATION ................................................................. 58

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 58

PC Database Screen ........................................................................................................ 58

Options ............................................................................................................................. 60

Printer Port ...................................................................................................................... 62

MAC Address .................................................................................................................. 63

Routing ............................................................................................................................. 64

APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................ 68

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 68

i

General Problems ............................................................................................................ 68

Internet Access................................................................................................................. 68

Printing............................................................................................................................. 69

APPENDIX B SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................ 72

XRT-711A ........................................................................................................................ 72

ii

Chapter 1

Introduction

This Chapter provides an overview of the Broadband Router's features and capabilities.

1

Congratulations on the purchase of your new Broadband Router. The Broadband Router is a multi-function device providing the following services:

Shared Broadband Internet Access

7-Port Switching Hub

Network Printer

for all LAN users.

for 10BaseT or 100BaseT connections.

- LAN users can share the printer attached to the Broadband Router.

10/100BaseT LAN

Internet

ADSL/Cable

Modem

Broadband

Router

Figure 1: Broadband Router

XRT-711A Features

The Broadband Router incorporates many advanced features, carefully designed to provide sophisticated functions while being easy to use.

Internet Access Features

Shared Internet Access.

All users on the LAN or WLAN can access the Internet through the Broadband Router, using only a single external IP Address. The local (invalid)

IP Addresses are hidden from external sources. This process is called NAT (Network

Address Translation).

DSL & Cable Modem Support.

The Broadband Router has a 10BaseT Ethernet port for connecting a DSL or Cable Modem. All popular DSL and Cable Modems are supported.

PPPoE and PPTP Support.

The Internet (WAN port) connection supports PPPoE

(PPP over Ethernet) and PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol), as well as "Direct

Connection" type services.

Fixed or Dynamic IP Address.

On the Internet (WAN port) connection, the

Broadband Router supports both Dynamic IP Address (IP Address is allocated on connection) and Fixed IP Address.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Advanced Internet Functions

Conferencing & Telephony Applications.

Internet Telephony and Conferencing applications, which are often difficult to use when behind a Firewall, are supported.

Special Internet Applications.

Applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers are normally blocked by the Firewall. The ability to define and allow such applications is provided, to enable such applications to be used normally.

Virtual Servers.

This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers on your

LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.

DMZ.

One (1) PC on your local LAN can be configured to allow unrestricted 2-way communication with Servers or individual users on the Internet. This provides the ability to run programs which are incompatible with Firewalls.

URL Filter.

Use the URL Filter to block access to undesirable Web sites by LAN users.

Internet Access Log.

See which Internet connections have been made.

VPN Support.

VPN (Virtual Private Networking) connections using PPTP and IPSec are transparently supported - no configuration is required.

LAN Features

7-Port Switching Hub.

The Broadband Router incorporates a 7-port 10/100BaseT switching hub, making it easy to create or extend your LAN.

DHCP Server Support.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a dynamic IP address to PCs and other devices upon request. The Broadband Router can act as a DHCP

Server for devices on your local LAN and WLAN.

Multi Segment LAN Support.

LANs containing one or more segments are supported, via the Broadband Router's RIP (Routing Information Protocol) support and built-in static routing table.

Network Printer.

The printer attached to the Broadband Router becomes a "Network

Printer", available to all Windows and Linux (Unix) clients on your LAN.

Configuration & Management

Easy Setup.

Use your WEB browser from anywhere on the LAN for configuration.

Remote Management.

The Broadband Router can be managed from any PC on your

LAN. And, if the Internet connection exists, it can also (optionally) be configured via the

Internet.

UPnP Support.

UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and configuration of the Broadband Router. UPnP is by supported by Windows ME, XP, or later.

2

Introduction

Security Features

Password - protected Configuration

. Optional password protection is provided to prevent unauthorized users from modifying the configuration data and settings.

NAT Protection.

An intrinsic side effect of NAT (Network Address Translation) technology is that by allowing all LAN users to share a single IP address, the location and even the existence of each PC is hidden. From the external viewpoint, there is no network, only a single device - the Broadband Router.

Stateful Inspection Firewall.

All incoming data packets are monitored and all incoming server requests are filtered, thus protecting your network from malicious attacks from external sources.

Protection against DoS attacks.

DoS (Denial of Service) attacks can flood your

Internet connection with invalid packets and connection requests, using so much bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes unavailable. The Broadband Router incorporates protection against DoS attacks.

Package Contents

The following items should be included:

• The Broadband Router Unit

• Power Adapter

• Quick Installation Guide

• CD-ROM containing the on-line manual and Print Port Driver for Windows.

If any of the above items are damaged or missing, please contact your dealer immediately.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Physical Details

Front-mounted LEDs

Power

ON - power on

OFF - no power

Status (Red)

Blinks during start up.

ON indicates an error condition.

WAN: Link

ON - WAN connection is established.

OFF - no WAN connection.

WAN: Act

LAN: Act

LAN:

Half/Full

Duplex

Flashing - data is being transmitted or received via the WAN port.

OFF - no data is being transferred.

There are 7 LEDs - one for each LAN port, and each LED could be OFF,

Yellow, or Green.

• OFF - No LAN connection on this port.

• Yellow - 10BaseT connection.

• Green - 100BaseT connection.

ON indicates the LAN connection is using Full Duplex.

OFF indicates the LAN connection (if any) is using Half Duplex.

Flashing indicates packet collisions in Half-Duplex mode. It is normal to have occasional collisions.

Print Error

Print Act

ON - Printer error detected.

OFF - No printer error detected.

• OFF - no connection to printer.

• ON - Connection to printer established.

• Flashing - Data is being transmitted to the printer.

4

Introduction

Rear Panel

Power port (9V)

Switching Hub

(10/100BaseT)

WAN port

(10BaseT)

Reset Button

DIP switches

Printer Port

Figure 2: Rear Panel

Connect the supplied power adapter here.

Use standard LAN cables (RJ45 connectors) to connect this port to your PCs. Both 10BaseT and 100BaseT connections can be used simultaneously.

Use the "Uplink" port ONLY to connect to a normal port on another hub.

Connect the ADSL or Cable Modem here. If your modem came with a cable, use the supplied cable. Otherwise, use a standard LAN cable.

When pressed and released, the Broadband Router will reboot

(restart).

This button can also be used to clear ALL data and restore ALL settings to the factory default values.

To restore the factory default values:

• Power Off

• Hold the Reset Button down while you Power On.

• Continue holding the Reset Button until the Status (Red) LED blinks TWICE.

• Release the Reset Button.

The factory default configuration has now been restored, and the Broadband Router is ready for use.

Refer to the following table.

Standard parallel printer port. If you wish to share a printer, connect it here.

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Broadband Router User Guide

DIP Switches

DIP Switch Setting

1=off

2=off

1=off

2=on

1=on

2=off

1=on

2=on

Description

Normal Operation

DHCP Server function disabled.

Used to restore Default IP Address and clear Password (See below)

Normal Operation.

Restore Default IP Address and Clear Password

If the Broadband Router's IP Address or password is lost, the following procedure can be used to recover from this situation.

1. Turn the power to the Broadband Router OFF.

2. Set DIP switch 1 ON.

3. Turn the power to the Broadband Router ON.

4. Operate DIP switch 1 in the following sequence (you have 15 seconds to complete the sequence):

• OFF

• ON

• OFF

5. The Broadband Router will now reset, and the Red Status LED flash. The following changes will have been made. (Other configuration data is unchanged.)

IP Address set to its default value of 192.168.0.1

Network Mask set to 255.255.255.0

DHCP Server is enabled, and will allocate IP Addresses in the range 192.168.0.2 to

192.168.0.51.

• The password cleared (no password).

6. You can now connect to the Broadband Router and make any configuration changes required.

6

Chapter 2

Installation

This Chapter covers the physical installation of the Broadband Router.

2

Requirements

• DSL or Cable modem, and an Internet Access account with an ISP, for shared Internet access.

• Network cables. Use standard 10/100BaseT network (UTP) cables with RJ45 connectors.

• TCP/IP network protocol must be installed on all PCs.

• For shared access to the attached printer, the following clients are supported:

• Windows 95/98/ME

• Windows NT 4.0, 2000 or XP

• Unix (LPD printing)

Procedure

Figure 3: Installation Diagram

1. Choose an Installation Site

Select a suitable place on the network to install the Broadband Router.

Ensure the Broadband Router and the DSL/Cable modem are powered OFF.

2. Connect LAN Cables

• Use standard LAN cables to connect PCs to the Switching Hub ports on the Broadband

Router. Both 10BaseT and 100BaseT connections can be used simultaneously.

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Broadband Router User Guide

• If required, use a standard LAN cable to connect the "Uplink" port to a standard port on another hub.

Note: If the "Uplink" port is used, port 7 can NOT be used.

3. Connect WAN Cable

Connect the DSL or Cable modem to the WAN port on the Broadband Router. Use the cable supplied with your DSL/Cable modem. If no cable was supplied, use a standard cable.

4. Connect Printer Cable

Use a standard parallel printer cable to connect your printer to the Printer port on the

Broadband Router.

5. Power Up

• Power on the Cable or DSL modem.

• Power on the Printer.

• Connect the supplied power adapter to the Broadband Router and power up.

Use only the power adapter provided. Using a different one may cause hardware damage

6. Check the LEDs

When the Broadband Router is powered On, The Status LED should flash, then turn off. If it stays on, there is a hardware error.

For more information, refer to Front-mounted LEDs in Chapter 1.

8

Chapter 3

Setup

This Chapter provides details of the Setup process.

Overview

This chapter describes the setup procedure for:

• Internet Access

• LAN configuration

• Assigning a Password to protect the configuration data.

PCs on your local LAN may also require configuration. For details, see Chapter 4 - PC

Configuration.

Other configuration may also be required, depending on which features and functions of the

Broadband Router you wish to use. Use the table below to locate detailed instructions for the required functions.

To Do this:

Configure PCs on your LAN.

Check Broadband Router operation and Status.

Use any of the following Internet features:

• Special Applications

• DMZ

• Virtual Servers

• Dynamic DNS

• Remote Management

Use any of the following Advanced Configuration settings:

• PC Database

• Options (Backup DNS, TFTP, UPnP, Firewall)

• Printer Port setup (for Linux/Unix only)

• Routing (RIP and static Routing)

Refer to:

Chapter 4:

PC Configuration

Chapter 5:

Operation and Status

Chapter 6:

Advanced Features

Chapter 7

Advanced Configuration

Where use of a certain feature requires that

PCs or other LAN devices be configured, this is also explained in the relevant chapter.

3

9

Broadband Router User Guide

Configuration Program

The Broadband Router contains an HTTP server. This enables you to connect to it, and configure it, using your Web Browser. Your Browser must support JavaScript. The configuration program has been tested on the following browsers:

• Netscape V4.08 or later

• Internet Explorer V4 or later

Preparation

Before attempting to configure the Broadband Router, please ensure that:

• Your PC can establish a physical connection to the Broadband Router. The PC and the

Broadband Router must be directly connected (using the Hub ports on the Broadband

Router) or on the same LAN segment.

• The Broadband Router must be installed and powered ON.

• If the Broadband Router's default IP Address (192.168.0.1) is already used by another device, the other device must be turned OFF until the Broadband Router is allocated a new

IP Address during configuration.

Connecting to the Broadband Router

Using UPnP

If your Windows system supports UPnP, an icon for the Broadband Router will appear in the system tray, notifying you that a new network device has been found, and offering to create a new desktop shortcut to the newly-discovered device.

• Unless you intend to change the IP Address of the Broadband Router, you can accept the desktop shortcut.

• Whether you accept the desktop shortcut or not, you can always find UPnP devices in My

Network Places (previously called Network Neighborhood).

• Double - click the icon for the Broadband Router (either on the Desktop, or in My Network

Places) to start the configuration. Refer to the following section Setup Wizard for details of the initial configuration process.

Using your Web Browser

To establish a connection from your PC to the Broadband Router:

1. After installing the Broadband Router in your LAN, start your PC. If your PC is already running, restart it.

2. Start your WEB browser.

3. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the IP Address of the Broadband Router, as in this example, which uses the Broadband Router's default IP Address:

HTTP://192.168.0.1

10

If you can't connect

If the Broadband Router does not respond, check the following:

• The Broadband Router is properly installed, LAN connection is OK, and it is powered ON. You can test the connection by using the "Ping" command:

• Open the MS-DOS window or command prompt window.

• Enter the command:

ping 192.168.0.1

If no response is received, either the connection is not working, or your

PC's IP address is not compatible with the Broadband Router's IP Address.

(See next item.)

• If your PC is using a fixed IP Address, its IP Address must be within the range

192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 to be compatible with the Broadband Router's default IP Address of 192.168.0.1. Also, the Network Mask must be set to

255.255.255.0. See Chapter 4 - PC Configuration for details on checking your

PC's TCP/IP settings.

• Ensure that your PC and the Broadband Router are on the same network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)

Setup

11

Broadband Router User Guide

Setup Wizard

The first time you connect to the Broadband Router, the Setup Wizard will run automatically.

(The Setup Wizard will also run if the Broadband Router's default setting are restored.)

1. Step through the Wizard until finished.

• You need to know the type of Internet connection service used by your ISP. Check the data supplied by your ISP.

• The common connection types are explained in the tables below.

2. On the final screen of the Wizard, run the test and check that an Internet connection can be established.

• If the connection fails, check your data, the Cable/DSL modem, and all connections.

• If your ISP has recorded your MAC (hardware) address, exit the Wizard and select

MAC Address on the Advanced menu. Change the MAC address to match the value expected by your ISP.

Cable Modems

Type

Dynamic

IP Address

Static (Fixed)

IP Address

@Home type service.

Details

Your IP Address is allocated automatically, while connecting to you ISP.

Your ISP allocates a permanent

IP Address to you.

ISP Data required

None.

IP Address allocated to you.

The IP Address is allocated automatically, but a "Host

Name" and "Domain Name" are allocated to you. Sometimes, the

ISP will record the MAC

(Hardware) address of your PC.

Host Name and Domain

Name; sometimes the MAC

(hardware) address.

DSL Modems

Type

Dynamic

IP Address

Static (Fixed)

IP Address

PPPoE

PPTP

Details

Your IP Address is allocated automatically, while connecting to you ISP.

ISP Data required

None.

Your ISP allocates a permanent

IP Address to you.

IP Address allocated to you.

You connect to the ISP only when required. The IP address is allocated automatically.

User name and password.

Mainly used in Europe.

You connect to the ISP only when required. The IP address is usually allocated automatically, but may be Static (Fixed).

• PPTP Server IP Address.

• User name and password.

• IP Address allocated to you, if Static (Fixed).

12

Setup

Other Modems (e.g. Broadband Wireless)

Type

Dynamic

IP Address

Details

Your IP Address is allocated automatically, while connecting to you ISP.

Static (Fixed)

IP Address

Your ISP allocates a permanent

IP Address to you.

ISP Data required

None.

IP Address allocated to you.

Home Screen

After finishing the Setup Wizard, you will see the Home screen. When you connect in future, you will see this screen when you connect. An example screen is shown below.

Figure 4: Home Screen

Navigation & Data Input

• Use the menu bar on the top of the screen, and the "Back" button on your Browser, for navigation.

• Changing to another screen without clicking "Save" does NOT save any changes you may have made. You must "Save" before changing screens or your data will be ignored.

On each screen, clicking the "Help" button will display help for that screen.

From any help screen, you can access the list of all help files (help index).

13

Broadband Router User Guide

LAN Screen

Use the LAN link on the main menu to reach the LAN screen An example screen is shown below.

Figure 5: LAN Screen

Data - LAN Screen

TCP/IP

IP Address

IP address for the Broadband Router, as seen from the local LAN. Use the default value unless the address is already in use or your LAN is using a different IP address range. In the latter case, enter an unused IP

Address from within the range used by your LAN.

Subnet Mask

DHCP Server

The default value 255.255.255.0 is standard for small (class "C") networks. For other networks, use the Subnet Mask for the LAN segment to which the Broadband Router is attached (the same value as the PCs on that LAN segment).

• If Enabled, the Broadband Router will allocate IP Addresses to

PCs (DHCP clients) on your LAN when they start up. The default

(and recommended) value is Enabled.

• If you are already using a DHCP Server, this setting must be

Disabled, and the existing DHCP server must be re-configured to treat the Broadband Router as the Gateway. See the following section for further details.

• The Start IP Address and Finish IP Address fields set the values used by the DHCP server when allocating IP Addresses to DHCP clients. This range also determines the number of DHCP clients supported.

See the following section for further details on using DHCP.

Buttons

Save

Cancel

Save the data on screen.

The "Cancel" button will discard any data you have entered and reload the file from the Broadband Router.

14

Setup

DHCP

What DHCP Does

A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server allocates a valid IP address to a

DHCP client (PC or device) upon request.

• The client request is made when the client device starts up (boots).

• The DHCP Server provides the Gateway and DNS addresses to the client, as well as allocating an IP Address.

• The Broadband Router can act as a DHCP server.

• Windows 95/98/ME and other non-Server versions of Windows will act as a DHCP client.

This is the default Windows setting for the TCP/IP network protocol. However, Windows uses the term Obtain an IP Address automatically instead of "DHCP Client".

• You must NOT have two (2) or more DHCP Servers on the same LAN segment. (If your

LAN does not have other Routers, this means there must only be one (1) DHCP Server on your LAN.)

Using the Broadband Router's DHCP Server

This is the default setting. The DHCP Server settings are on the LAN screen. On this screen, you can:

• Enable or Disable the Broadband Router's DHCP Server function.

• Set the range of IP Addresses allocated to PCs by the DHCP Server function.

You can assign Fixed IP Addresses to some devices while using DHCP, provided that the Fixed IP Addresses are NOT within the range used by the DHCP Server.

Using another DHCP Server

You can only use one (1) DHCP Server per LAN segment. If you wish to use another DHCP

Server, rather than the Broadband Router's, the following procedure is required.

1. Disable the DHCP Server feature in the Broadband Router. This setting is on the LAN screen.

2. Configure the DHCP Server to provide the Broadband Router's IP Address as the Default

Gateway.

To Configure your PCs to use DHCP

This is the default setting for TCP/IP under Windows 95/98/ME. See Chapter 4 - Client

Configuration for the procedure to check these settings.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Password Screen

The password screen allows you to assign a password to the Broadband Router.

Figure 6: Password Screen

Once you have assigned a password to the Broadband Router (on the Password screen above) you will be prompted for the password when you connect, as shown below. (If no password has been set, this dialog will not appear.)

Figure 7: Password Dialog

• Leave the "User Name" blank.

• Enter the password for the Broadband Router, as set on the Password screen above.

16

Chapter 4

PC Configuration

This Chapter details the PC Configuration required on the local ("Internal")

LAN.

4

Overview

For each PC, the following may to be configured:

• TCP/IP network settings

• Internet Access configuration

• Printer configuration

Windows Clients

This section describes how to configure Windows clients for:

• Internet access via the Broadband Router

• Sharing the Printer connected to the Broadband Router.

The first step is to check the PC's TCP/IP settings.

The Broadband Router uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, so it is essential that the TCP/IP protocol be installed and configured on each PC.

TCP/IP Settings - Overview

If using the default Broadband Router settings, and the default Windows

TCP/IP settings, no changes need to be made.

• By default, the Broadband Router will act as a DHCP Server, automatically providing a suitable IP Address (and related information) to each PC when the PC boots.

• For all non-Server versions of Windows, the default TCP/IP setting is to act as a DHCP client.

If using a Fixed (specified) IP address, the following changes are required:

• The Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Broadband Router

• The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP.

If your LAN has a Router, the LAN Administrator must reconfigure the Router itself. Refer to Chapter 7 - Routing for details.

17

Broadband Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 9x/ME:

1. Select Control Panel - Network. You should see a screen like the following:

Figure 8: Network Configuration

2. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.

3. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.

Figure 9: IP Address (Win 95)

Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as follows:

Using DHCP

To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default

Windows settings.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.

Using "Specify an IP Address"

• If your PC is already configured, do NOT change the settings on the IP Address tab shown in Figure 9 above.

• On the Gateway tab, enter the Broadband Router's IP address in the New Gateway field and click Add. Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Broadband Router.

18

PC Configuration

Figure 10: Gateway Tab (Win 95/98)

• On the DNS Configuration tab, ensure Enable DNS is selected. If the DNS Server Search

Order list is empty, enter the DNS address provided by your ISP in the fields beside the

Add button, then click Add.

Figure 11: DNS Tab (Win 95/98)

19

Broadband Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows NT4.0

1. Select Control Panel - Network, and, on the Protocols tab, select the TCP/IP protocol, as shown below.

Figure 12: Windows NT4.0 - TCP/IP

2. Click the Properties button to see a screen like the one below.

20

PC Configuration

Figure 13: Windows NT4.0 - IP Address

3. Select the network card for your LAN.

4. Select the appropriate radio button - Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server or Specify

an IP Address, as explained below.

Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server

This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Broadband

Router will act as a DHCP Server.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.

Specify an IP Address

If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the following changes.

1. The Default Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Broadband Router. To set this:

• Click the Advanced button on the screen above.

• On the following screen, click the Add button in the Gateways panel, and enter the

Broadband Router's IP address, as shown in Figure 14 below.

• If necessary, use the Up button to make the Broadband Router the first entry in the

Gateways list.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Figure 14 - Windows NT4.0 - Add Gateway

2. The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP, as follows:

• Click the DNS tab.

• On the DNS screen, shown below, click the Add button (under DNS Service Search

Order), and enter the DNS provided by your ISP.

22

PC Configuration

Figure 15: Windows NT4.0 - DNS

23

Broadband Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000:

1. Select Control Panel - Network and Dial-up Connection.

2. Right click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. You should see a screen like the following:

Figure 16: Network Configuration (Win 2000)

3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.

4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.

24

PC Configuration

Figure 17: TCP/IP Properties (Win 2000)

5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct:

Using DHCP

To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default

Windows settings.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.

Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")

If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the following changes.

• Enter the Broadband Router's IP address in the Default gateway field and click OK. (Your

LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Broadband

Router.)

• If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP:

1. Select Control Panel - Network Connection.

2. Right click the Local Area Connection and choose Properties. You should see a screen like the following:

Figure 18: Network Configuration (Windows XP)

3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.

4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.

26

PC Configuration

Figure 19: TCP/IP Properties (Windows XP)

5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.

Using DHCP

To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default

Windows settings.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.

Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")

• If your PC is already configured, do NOT change the settings on the screen shown in

Figure 19 above, unless advised to do so by your network administrator.

• You can enter the Broadband Router's IP address in the Default gateway field and click

OK. Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the

Broadband Router.

• If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Internet Access

To configure your PCs to use the Broadband Router for Internet access:

• Ensure that the DSL modem, Cable modem, or other permanent connection is functional.

• Use the following procedure to configure your Browser to access the Internet via the LAN, rather than by a Dial-up connection.

For Windows 9x/2000

1. Select Start Menu - Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options.

2. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.

3. Select "I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.

4. Select "I connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.

5. Ensure all of the boxes on the following Local area network Internet Configuration screen are unchecked.

6. Check the "No" option when prompted "Do you want to set up an Internet mail account now?".

7. Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard.

Setup is now completed.

For Windows XP

1. Select Start Menu - Control Panel - Network and Internet Connections.

2. Select Set up or change your Internet Connection.

3. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.

4. Cancel the pop-up "Location Information" screen.

5. Click Next on the "New Connection Wizard" screen.

6. Select "Connect to the Internet" and click Next.

7. Select "Set up my connection manually" and click Next.

8. Check "Connect using a broadband connection that is always on" and click Next.

9. Click Finish to close the New Connection Wizard.

Setup is now completed.

Accessing AOL

To access AOL (America On Line) through the Broadband Router, the AOL for Windows software must be configured to use TCP/IP network access, rather than a dial-up connection.

The configuration process is as follows:

• Start the AOL for Windows communication software. Ensure that it is Version 2.5, 3.0 or later. This procedure will not work with earlier versions.

• Click the Setup button.

• Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to "Broadband

Router".

• Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone Number blank.)

• Click Save, then OK.

Configuration is now complete.

• Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the "Broadband Router" location.

28

PC Configuration

Printer Setup for Windows

XRT-711A provides printing support for 2 methods for printing from Windows:

Print Port Driver. After installing the Print Port Driver, Windows users can print directly to the Broadband Router. Print jobs are spooled (queued) on each PC.

The supplied Print Port Driver supports Windows 95/98, Windows ME, Windows NT4.0,

Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

LPD/LPR Printing. If using Windows NT 4.0 Server or Windows 2000 Server,

LPD/LPR printing can be used. No software needs to be installed on either the Windows

Server or each client PC. Print jobs will be spooled (queued) on the Windows Server, and can be managed using the standard Windows Server tools.

Print Port Driver Setup

The following procedure is for all versions of Windows (95/98/ME, NT4.0, 2000, XP). The

Windows "Add Printer" screens will vary depending on your version or Windows, but the procedure is the same:

1. Insert the supplied CD-ROM into your drive. If the setup program does not start automatically, run SETUP.EXE in the root folder.

2. At the Select Components screen, select the Print Port Driver option.

3. Follow the prompts to complete the installation.

4. The Print Port Setup will then run, and the following screen will be displayed.

Figure 20: Print Port Setup

5. Select the desired device and port, and then click the "Add" button.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Under Windows 95, if you see the following error message, either install Internet Explorer 4 or later, or follow the procedure in the "Trouble Shooting - Printing" section of

Appendix A.

6. A pop-up message will inform you if the port has been created successfully, and then the

Windows Add Printer wizard will start.

• Select the correct Printer Manufacturer and Model, or use the "Have Disk" option if appropriate.

• If desired, change the Printer name so it indicates the device used (e.g. HP2100 on

SCA43600)

• If prompted about Sharing, do NOT enable Sharing.

7. Installation is now complete. You can now print using this printer.

• To install additional Printers (on different devices), repeat steps 6 and 7.

• Use the Start menu to run this program in future. The default installation is Start -

Programs - Broadband Internet Router - Add Port.

Management

• Print jobs can be managed like any Windows printer. Open the Printers folder (Start -

Settings - Printers) and double-click any printer to see the current print jobs.

• If the printer attached to the Broadband Router is changed, just run this program again, and select the correct printer.

• To delete a port created by this setup program, use the Windows Delete Port facility:

• Right-click any printer in the Printers folder, and select Properties.

• Locate the Delete Port button. This button is on the Details or Ports tab, depending on your version or Windows.

• If the Broadband Router's IP Address is changed, and you can no longer print, delete the port (see procedure above) and re-install it.

Port Options

The options for the Print Port Driver are accessed via the Windows Port Settings button.

Use Start - Settings - Printers to open the Printers folder, then right-click the Printer, and select

Properties. The Port Settings button is on the Details or Port tab, depending on your version of

Windows.

An example screen is shown below:

30

PC Configuration

Figure 21: Print Port Configuration

Items shown on this screen are as follows:

Port

If desired, click Browse to select a different device. (The Select

Device Port button is provided to allow this software to work with multi-port models.)

The Port Name is shown in the Printer's Properties.

Banner

Retry

Interval

Check this option to print a banner page before each print job.

• If using a PostScript Printer, check the PostScript box.

• The User Name will be printed on the banner page.

Sets how often Windows will poll the Broadband Router to establish a connection when the printer is busy. Increase this value if you get too many warning messages.

31

Broadband Router User Guide

LPD/LPR Printing

LPD/LPR printing can be used with Windows NT 4.0 Server or Windows 2000. No software needs to be installed on client PCs.

Windows NT 4.0 Server Configuration

To use LPD printing, Microsoft TCP/IP Printing must be installed and enabled. This can be checked using Start-Settings-Control Panel-Network - Services.

To install LPD printing using the Broadband Router, follow this procedure:

1. Go to Start-Settings-Printer and invoke the Add Printer wizard.

2. When prompted with "This printer will be managed by..", select My Computer and click

Next.

3. Select Add Port, then select LPR Port and click New Port.

4. In the Dialog requesting Name of Address of server providing lpd, enter the IP address of the Broadband Router.

5. For Name of printer or print queue on that server, enter L1

6. Click OK. When returned to the Printer Ports window, simply select Close and then install your printer driver as usual.

7. When prompted whether or not the printer will be shared, select the Sharing radio button.

8. In the Shared dialog box, enter the shared printer name. The shared name is how other users will see this printer. You should advise client PCs of the Server name and this printer name.

9. Click OK to save and exit.

32

PC Configuration

Windows 2000 Server Configuration

The LPD/LPR Port is not enabled by default. To enable it, use this procedure:

1. In Control Panel, select Add/Remove Programs, then Windows Components.

2. Select Other Network File and Print Services, then click the Details button.

Figure 22: Adding LPD/LPR Port (Win 2000)

3. Enable Print Services for Unix, and click OK.

4. Click Next and complete the Wizard.

Adding the Printer

1. Open your Printers folder, and start the Add Printer Wizard.

2. When prompted, select Local Printer.

3. On the Select the Printer Port screen, select LPR Port, as shown below. Click Next to continue.

33

Broadband Router User Guide

Figure 23: Windows 2000: Select Port

4. In the Dialog requesting Name or Address of server providing lpd, enter the IP address of the Broadband Router.

5. For Name of printer or print queue on that server, enter L1

6. Click OK, and then Next, and continue the Wizard.

7. At the Select Sharing screen, select the Radio Button for Share As, and enter the shared printer name. The shared name is how other users will see this printer. You should advise client PCs of the Server name and this printer name.

8. Complete the Add Printer wizard.

Client PC Setup for LPD/LPR Printing

After configuring the Windows Server, client PCs on the LAN can install the new printer.

The following procedure is for Windows 95/98/ME, Windows NT4.0, and Windows 2000 workstation.

1. Open your Printers folder, and start the Add Printer Wizard.

2. When prompted, select Network Printer

3. When prompted for Network Path or Queue Name, click the Browse button, and locate the

Server and Printer which your Network Administrator advised you to use.

4. Click OK, then Next.

5. Select the correct printer Manufacturer and Model, as advised by your Network

Administrator, and click Next.

6. Follow the prompts to complete the Wizard.

7. The new printer will be listed with any other installed printers, and may be selected when printing from any Windows application.

34

PC Configuration

Macintosh Clients

From your Macintosh, you can access the Internet via the Broadband Router. The procedure is as follows.

1. Open the TCP/IP Control Panel.

2. Select Ethernet from the Connect via pop-up menu.

3. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu. The DHCP Client ID field can be left blank.

4. Close the TCP/IP panel, saving your settings.

Note:

If using manually assigned IP addresses instead of DHCP, the required changes are:

• Set the Router Address field to the Broadband Router's IP Address.

• Ensure your DNS settings are correct.

Linux Clients

To access the Internet via the Broadband Router, it is only necessary to set the Broadband

Router as the "Gateway".

Ensure you are logged in as "root" before attempting any changes.

Fixed IP Address

By default, most Unix installations use a fixed IP Address. If you wish to continue using a fixed

IP Address, make the following changes to your configuration.

• Set your "Default Gateway" to the IP Address of the Broadband Router.

• Ensure your DNS (Name server) settings are correct.

To act as a DHCP Client (recommended)

The procedure below may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows shell.

1. Start your X Windows client.

2. Select Control Panel - Network

3. Select the "Interface" entry for your Network card. Normally, this will be called "eth0".

4. Click the Edit button, set the "protocol" to "DHCP", and save this data.

5. To apply your changes

• Use the "Deactivate" and "Activate" buttons, if available.

• OR, restart your system.

Printing Setup on Linux

The Broadband Router supports LPD Printing on Linux.

• The Broadband Router supports 3 "Logical Printers" under LPD. To configure the

"Logical Printers" on the Broadband Router, refer to Printer Port in Chapter 7.

• The procedure to install a LPD printer is detailed below, but may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows shell.

1. In your X Windows shell, select Control Panel, then Printer Configuration.

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Broadband Router User Guide

2. Select Add. For the printer type, select Remote Unix (lpd) Queue.

3. Use the following data to complete the resulting dialog.

Field

Name

Data

Enter a name for this printer

Spool Directory

/var/spool/lpd/printer_name

Where printer_name is the "Name" entry above.

File Limit

Remote Host

Enter a suitable number.

Broadband Router's IP address

Example

gw_prn

/var/spool/lpd/gw_prn

0 (no limit)

192.168.0.1

Note:

If you have made a host file entry, you can use the name from the host file instead of the IP Address.

Remote Queue

Ln

Where n is the Logical Printer number

(L1, L2, L3). Logical Printers can be configured on the Broadband Router's

Options- Printer Port screen.

L1

4. Save this data, and exit the Printer Configuration. Configuration is now completed, and the printer is now available for use.

Other Unix Systems

Internet Access

• Ensure the "Gateway" field for your network card is set to the IP Address of the Broadband

Router.

• Ensure your DNS (Name Server) settings are correct.

Printing Setup

To use LPD printing to the Broadband Router's printer, install an LPD printer using the standard procedure for your system.

• Use the Broadband Router's IP Address as the location of the remote host

• Use L1, L2, or L3 for the name of the printer on the remote host.

On the Broadband Router, the logical printers (L1, L2, and L3) can be configured on the

Advanced - Printer Port screen. See Printer Port in Chapter 7 for details.

36

Chapter 5

Operation and Status

This Chapter details the operation of the Broadband Router and the status screens.

5

Operation

Once both the Broadband Router and the PCs are configured, operation is automatic.

However, there are some situations where additional Internet configuration may be required:

• If using Internet-based Conferencing & Telephony applications, it may be necessary to specify which PC receives an incoming connection. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced

Features for further details.

• Applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers may be blocked by the

Broadband Router's built-in firewall. You can define such applications as Special

Applications to allow them to function normally. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for further details.

• Some non-standard applications may require use of the DMZ feature. Refer to Chapter 6 -

Advanced Features for further details.

Status Screen

Use the Status link on the main menu to view this screen.

Figure 24: Status Screen

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Broadband Router User Guide

Data - Status Screen

Internet

Connection Method

Internet IP Address

Connection Status

"Connection Details"

Button

"Access Log"

Button

This indicates the current connection method, as set in the Setup

Wizard.

This IP Address is allocated by the ISP (Internet Service

Provider).

Current connection status:

• OK

• No connection

• Error

If there is an error, you can click the "Connection Details" button to find out more information.

Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed description of the current connection. Depending on the type of connection, a "log" may also be available.

Click this button to open a sub-window and view details of outgoing connections to the Internet. The log contains the following data:

Source IP Address - The IP Address of the local PC requesting the Internet connection.

Destination - The Internet address which was requested. If the URL Filter is enabled, this address will be shown as a

URL. Otherwise, the IP address will be displayed.

Blocked - If the request was blocked by the URL Filter function, this will display "Yes". Otherwise, it will be blank.

LAN

IP Address

Network Mask

DHCP Server

The IP Address of the Broadband Router.

The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address above.

This shows the status of the DHCP Server function - either

"Enabled" or "Disabled".

For additional information about the PCs on your LAN, and the IP addresses allocated to them, use the PC Database option on the

Advanced menu.

System

Device Name

Firmware Version

"System Data"

Button

Printer

Printer Status

This displays the current name of the Broadband Router.

The current version of the firmware installed in the Broadband

Router.

Clicking this button will open a Window which lists all system details and settings.

This indicates the current status of the printer. Possible values are:

• Idle

38

Operation and Status

"Abort Current Print

Job" Button

Buttons

Connection Details

• Printing

• Off-line

• Out of paper

Click this button to terminate the current print job. This button should be used if the current print job is not printing correctly.

Access Log

System Data

Abort Current

Print Job

View the details of the current Internet connection. The subscreen displayed will depend on the connection method used. See the following sections for details of each sub-screen.

View details of outgoing connections to the internet.

Display all system information in a sub-window.

Use this to terminate the current print job if is not printing correctly.

Refresh Screen

Update the data displayed on screen.

Connection Status - PPPoE

If using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.

Figure 25: PPPoE Status Screen

39

Broadband Router User Guide

Data - PPPoE Status Screen

Connection

Physical Address

IP Address

Network Mask

PPPoE Link Status

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.

This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.

• If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be used to establish a connection.

• If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can be used to break the connection.

Connection Log

Connection Log

• The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the existing connection.

• The most common messages are listed in the table below.

• The "Clear Log" button will restart the Log, while the

Refresh button will update the messages shown on screen.

Buttons

Connect

Disconnect

Clear Log

Refresh

If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.

If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.

Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read new messages.

Update the data on screen.

Connection Log Messages

Message

Connect on Demand

Manual connection Connection attempt started by the "Connect" button.

Reset physical connection Preparing line for connection attempt.

Attempting to connect to the ISP's server. Connecting to remote server

Remote Server located ISP's Server has responded to connection attempt.

Start PPP

Description

Connection attempt has been triggered by the "Connect automatically, as required" setting.

PPP up successfully

Attempting to login to ISP's Server and establish a PPP connection.

Able to login to ISP's Server and establish a PPP connection.

40

Operation and Status

Idle time-out reached

Disconnecting

Error: Remote Server not found

Error: PPP Connection failed

Error: Connection to

Server lost

Error: Invalid or unknown packet type

The connection has been idle for the time period specified in the "Idle Time-out" field. The connection will now be terminated.

The current connection is being terminated, due to either the

"Idle Time-out" above, or "Disconnect" button being clicked.

ISP's Server did not respond. This could be a Server problem, or a problem with the link to the Server.

Unable to establish a PPP connection with the ISP's Server.

This could be a login problem (name or password) or a Server problem.

The existing connection has been lost. This could be caused by a power failure, a link failure, or Server failure.

The data received from the ISP's Server could not be processed. This could be caused by data corruption (from a bad link), or the Server using a protocol which is not supported by this device.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Connection Status - PPTP

If using PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol), a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.

Figure 26: PPTP Status Screen

Data - PPTP Status Screen

Connection

Physical Address

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the

Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

IP Address

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

PPTP Status

This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.

• If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be used to establish a connection.

• If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can be used to break the connection.

Connection Log

Connection Log

• The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the existing connection.

• The "Clear Log" button will restart the Log, while the Refresh button will update the messages shown on screen.

42

Operation and Status

Buttons

Connect

Disconnect

Clear Log

Refresh

If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.

If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.

Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read new messages.

Update the data on screen.

43

Broadband Router User Guide

Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address

If your access method is neither PPPoE nor PPTP, a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.

Figure 27: Connection Screen

Data - Connection Details Screen

Internet

Physical Address

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the

Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

IP Address

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

Network Mask

The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.

Default Gateway

The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated with the

IP Address above.

DNS IP Address

The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently used.

DHCP Client

This will show "Enabled" or "Disabled", depending on whether or not this device is functioning as a DHCP client.

If "Enabled" the "Remaining lease time" field indicates when the IP

Address allocated by the DHCP Server will expire. The lease is automatically renewed on expiry; use the "Renew" button if you wish to manually renew the lease immediately.

44

Operation and Status

Buttons

Release/Renew

Button will display

EITHER

"Release"

OR

"Renew"

This button is only useful if the IP address shown above is allocated automatically on connection. (Dynamic IP address). Otherwise, it has no effect.

• If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for the Broadband Router, this button will say "Renew". Clicking the

"Renew" button will attempt to re-establish the connection and obtain an IP Address from the ISP's DHCP Server.

• If an IP Address has been allocated to the Broadband Router (by the ISP's DHCP Server), this button will say "Release". Clicking the "Release" button will break the connection and release the IP

Address.

Refresh

Update the data shown on screen.

45

Chapter 6

Advanced Features

This Chapter explains when and how to use the Broadband Router's

"Advanced" Features.

Overview

The following advanced features are provided.

• Special Applications

• DMZ

• Virtual Servers

• Dynamic DNS

• Remote Management

This chapter contains details of the configuration and use of each of these features.

Advanced Menu Screen

This screen provides access to the advanced features. An example screen is shown below.

6

Figure 28: Advanced Menu

46

Advanced Features

Advanced Internet Screen

This screen allows configuration of all advanced features relating to Internet access.

• Conferencing and Telephony

• Special Applications

• DMZ

• URL filter

An example screen is shown below.

Figure 29: Internet Screen

Conferencing & Telephony

Most applications are supported transparently by the Broadband Router. But sometimes it is not clear which PC should receive an incoming connection. This problem could arise with the following Conferencing & Telephony applications:

• CUseeME

• ICQ

• ICU II (ICU 2)

• Internet Phone

• mIRC

• MS NetMeeting

• Yahoo Messenger

If this problem arises, you can use this screen to set which PC should receive an incoming connection, as described below.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Conferencing & Telephony

Select an Application

This lists applications which may generate incoming connections, where the destination (on your local LAN) is unknown.

Send incoming calls to This lists the PCs on your LAN.

• If necessary, you can add PCs manually, using the PC

Database option on the advanced menu.

• For each application listed above, you can choose a destination PC.

• There is no need to "Save" after each change; you can set the destination PC for each application, then click "Save".

Special Applications

If you use Internet applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers, you may find that they do not function correctly because they are blocked by the Broadband Router's firewall. In this case, you can define the application as a "Special Application".

Special Applications Screen

This screen can be reached by clicking the Special Applications button on the Internet screen.

You can then define your Special Applications. You will need detailed information about the application; this is normally available from the supplier of the application.

Also, note that the terms "Incoming" and "Outgoing" on this screen refer to traffic from the client (PC) viewpoint

Figure 30: Special Applications Screen

48

Advanced Features

Data - Special Applications Screen

Checkbox

Use this to Enable or Disable this Special Application as required.

Name

Incoming

Ports

Outgoing

Ports

Enter a descriptive name to identify this Special Application.

Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you receive data from the special application or service. (Note: Some applications use different protocols for outgoing and incoming data).

Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you receive. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you receive.

Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you send data to the remote system or service.

Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Using a Special Application

• Configure the Special Applications screen as required.

• On your PC, use the application normally. Remember that only one (1) PC can use each

Special application at any time. Also, when 1 PC is finished using a particular Special

Application, there may need to be a "Time-out" before another PC can use the same

Special Application. The "Time-out" period may be up to 3 minutes.

If an application still cannot function correctly, try using the "DMZ" feature.

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Broadband Router User Guide

DMZ

This feature, if enabled, allows one (1) computer on your LAN to be exposed to all users on the

Internet, allowing unrestricted 2-way communication between the "DMZ PC" and other Internet users or Servers.

• This allows almost any application to be used on the "DMZ PC".

• The "DMZ PC" will receive all "Unknown" connections and data.

• If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must select the PC to be used as the "DMZ PC".

• The DMZ feature can be Enabled and Disabled on the Advanced Internet screen.

The "DMZ PC" is effectively outside the Firewall, making it more vulnerable to attacks. For this reason, you should only enable the DMZ feature when required.

URL Filter

The URL Filter allows you to block access to undesirable Web site

• To use this feature, you must define "filter strings". If the "filter string" appears in a requested URL, the request is blocked.

• Enabling the URL Filter also affects the Internet Access Log. If Enabled, the "Destination" field in the log will display the URL. Otherwise, it will display the IP Address.

• The URL Filter can be Enabled or Disabled on the Advanced Internet screen.

URL Filter Screen

Click the "Configure URL Filter" button on the Internet screen to access the URL Filter screen.

An example screen is shown below.

Figure 31: URL Filter Screen

50

Advanced Features

Data - URL Filter Screen

Filter Strings

Current Entries

This lists any existing entries. If you have not entered any values, this list will be empty.

Add Filter String To add an entry to the list, enter it here, and click the "Add" button.

An entry may be a Domain name (e.g. www.trash.com) or simply a string. (e.g. ads/ )

Any URL which contains ANY entry ANYWHERE in the URL will be blocked.

Buttons

Delete/Delete All

Use these buttons to delete the selected entry or all entries, as required.

Multiple entries can be selected by holding down the CTRL key while selecting.(On the Macintosh, hold the SHIFT key while selecting.)

Add

Use this to add the current Filter String to the site list.

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Broadband Router User Guide

Virtual Servers

This feature allows you to make Servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users. Normally,

Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:

• Your Server does not have a valid external IP Address.

• Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this device.

The "Virtual Server" feature solves these problems and allows Internet users to connect to your servers, as illustrated below.

Web Server

(192.168.0.10)

192.168.0.1

(LAN IP Address)

Broadband

Router

203.70.212.52

(WAN IP Address)

FTP Server

(192.168.0.20)

Internet

Remote PC

Using Web Server

(http://203.70.212.52)

Remote PC

Using FTP Server

(ftp://203.70.212.52)

Figure 32: Virtual Servers

IP Address seen by Internet Users

Note that, in this illustration, both Internet users are connecting to the same IP Address, but using different protocols.

To Internet users, all virtual Servers on your LAN have the same IP Address.

This IP Address is allocated by your ISP.

This address should be static, rather than dynamic, to make it easier for Internet users to connect to your Servers.

However, you can use the DDNS (Dynamic DNS) feature to allow users to connect to your

Virtual Servers using a URL, instead of an IP Address.

52

Advanced Features

Virtual Servers Screen

The Virtual Servers screen is reached by the Virtual Servers link on the Advanced screen. An example screen is shown below.

Figure 33: Virtual Servers Screen

This screen lists a number of pre-defined Servers, and allows you to define your own Servers.

Details of the selected Server are shown in the "Properties" area.

Data - Virtual Servers Screen

Servers

Servers This lists a number of pre-defined Servers, plus any Servers you have defined. Details of the selected Server are shown in the

"Properties" area.

Properties

Enable

PC (Server)

Protocol

Internal Port No.

External Port No.

Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as required.

• If Enabled, any incoming connections will be forwarded to the selected PC.

• If Disabled, any incoming connection attempts will be blocked.

Select the PC for this Server. The PC must be running the appropriate Server software.

Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used by the Server.

Enter the port number which the Server software is configured to use.

The port number used by Internet users when connecting to the

Server. This is normally the same as the Internal Port Number. If it is different, this device will perform a "mapping" or "translation" function, allowing the server to use one port address, while clients use a different port address.

53

Broadband Router User Guide

Buttons

Defaults

Disable All

Add

Update

Delete

Clear Form

This will delete any Servers you have defined, and set the predefined Servers to use their default port numbers.

This will cause the "Enable" setting of all Virtual Servers to be set

OFF.

Add a new entry to the Virtual Server list, using the data shown in the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in the list is ignored, and has no effect.

Update the current Virtual Server entry, using the data shown in the

"Properties" area on screen.

Delete the current Virtual Server entry. Note that the pre-defined

Servers can not be deleted. Only Servers you have defined yourself can be deleted.

Clear all data from the "Properties" area, ready for input of a new

Virtual Server entry.

For each entry, the PC must be running the appropriate Server software.

Defining your own Virtual Servers

If the type of Server you wish to use is not listed on the Virtual Servers screen, you can define and manage your own Servers:

Create a new Server:

1. Click "Clear Form"

2. Enter the required data, as described above.

3. Click "Add".

4. The new Server will now appear in the list.

Modify (Edit) a Server:

1. Select the desired Server from the list

2. Make any desired changes (for example, change the

Enable/Disable setting).

3. Click "Update" to save changes to the selected Server.

Delete a Server:

1. Select the entry from the list.

2. Click "Delete".

Note: You can only delete Servers you have defined. Predefined Server cannot be deleted.

From the Internet, ALL Virtual Servers have the IP

Address allocated by your ISP.

54

Advanced Features

Connecting to the Virtual Servers

Once configured, anyone on the Internet can connect to your Virtual Servers. They must use the

Internet IP Address (the IP Address allocated to you by your ISP). e.g. http://203.70.212.52 ftp://203.70.212.52

It is more convenient if you are using a Fixed IP Address from your ISP, rather than Dynamic.

However, you can use the Dynamic DNS feature, described in the following section, to allow users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.

Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server)

This free service is very useful when combined with the Virtual Server feature. It allows

Internet users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.

This also solves the problem of having a dynamic IP address. With a dynamic IP address, your

IP address may change whenever you connect, which makes it difficult to connect to you.

The Service works as follows:

• You must register for the service at http://www.dyndns.org (Registration is free).

• Your password will be E-mailed to you.

• After registration, enter and save your DDNS username and password on this screen, and also your preferred Domain name.

• If your preferred Domain name is unavailable, a message will be displayed. Enter another name, keep trying until you find some variation which is available.

• The Broadband Router will then automatically ensure that your current IP Address is recorded at http://www.dyndns.org

• From the Internet, users will now be able to connect to your Virtual Servers (or DMZ PC) using your Domain name, as shown on this screen.

Dynamic DNS Screen

Select Advanced on the main menu, then Dynamic DNS, to see a screen like the following:

Figure 34: DDNS Screen

55

Broadband Router User Guide

Data - Dynamic DNS Screen

DDNS Service

DDNS Service

• You must sign up first to create a new account before using the service. The service is free.

• Click this link to connect to the www.dyndns.org Web site.

• Your initial password will be E-mailed to you; you can change this later if you wish.

DDNS Data

User Name

Password

Desired Domain

DDNS Status

Enter the "User name" specified at the www.dyndns.org Web site when you registered.

Enter your current password for www.dyndns.org

• Enter your the preferred domain name.

• The name should consist only of letters and the hyphen (dash).

Using any other characters may cause problems.

• The "DDNS Status" area will indicate whether or not your request was successful.

• Once allocated to you, the Domain name can NOT be changed, nor can you obtain another. If you need to change your Domain name, you must terminate your account at www.dyndns.org (The domain name will be released.) You can then open a new account.

This message is returned by the DDNS Server at www.dyndns.org

After you "Save", check here to see if your desired Domain name was successfully allocated to you.

56

Remote Management

This feature allows you to manage the Broadband Router via the Internet.

Advanced Features

Figure 35: Remote Screen

Data - Remote Management Screen

Remote Management

Enable Remote

Management

Port Number

Current IP

Address

Enable to allow management via the Internet. If Disabled, this device will ignore management connection attempts from the Internet.

Enter a port number between 1024 and 65535 (8080 is recommended). This port number must be specified when you connect (see below).

Note: The default port number for HTTP (Web) connections is port

80, but using port 80 here will prevent the use of a Web "Virtual

Server" on your LAN. (See Advanced Internet - Virtual Servers)

You must use this IP Address to connect (see below).

This IP Address is allocated by your ISP. But if using a Dynamic IP

Address, this value can change each time you connect to your ISP. So it is better if your ISP allocates you a Fixed IP Address.

To connect from a remote PC via the Internet

1. Ensure your Internet connection is established, and start your Web Browser.

2. In the "Address" bar, enter "HTTP://" followed by the Internet IP Address of the

Broadband Router. If the port number is not 80, the port number is also required. (After the

IP Address, enter ":" followed by the port number.) e.g.

HTTP://123.123.123.123:8080

This example assumes the WAN IP Address is 123.123.123.123, and the port number is 8080.

57

Chapter 7

Advanced Configuration

This Chapter explains the settings available via the Advanced configuration section of the "Advanced" menu.

7

Overview

Normally, it is not necessary to use these screens, or change any settings. These screens and settings are provided to deal with non-standard situations, or to provide additional options for advanced users.

The settings available are:

PC Database

Options

Printer Port

MAC Address

Routing

This is the list of PCs shown when you select the "DMZ PC" or a

"Virtual Server". This database is maintained automatically, but you can add and delete entries for PCs which use a Fixed (Static) IP

Address.

Enable or Disable various options.

Configure Logical Printers for use under Unix

Set the MAC (hardware) address used on the Internet (WAN port) interface. This is required only if your ISP has recorded the MAC

(hardware) address you should use.

Only required if your LAN has other Routers or Gateways.

PC Database Screen

The PC Database is used whenever you need to select a PC (e.g. for the "DMZ" PC). It eliminates the need to enter IP addresses. An example PC Database screen is shown below.

Figure 36: PC Database Screen

58

Advanced Configuration

• PCs which are "DHCP Clients" are automatically added to the database, and updated as required.

• By default, non-Server versions of Windows act as "DHCP Clients"; this setting is called

"Obtain an IP Address automatically".

• The Broadband Router uses the "Hardware Address" to identify each PC, not the name or

IP address. The "Hardware Address" can only change if you change the PC's network card or adapter.

• This system means you do NOT need to use Fixed (static) IP addresses on your LAN.

However, you can add PCs using Fixed (static) IP Addresses to the PC database if required.

Data - PC Database Screen

PC Database

PCs

Name

This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address) type.

For this model, the "type" will always be "LAN"

If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this matches the PC's "hostname".

IP Address

Enter the IP Address of the PC. The PC will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not connected, or not powered On) you will not be able to add it.

Buttons

Add

This will add the new PC to the list. The PC will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not connected, or not powered On) you will not be able to add it.

Delete

Delete the selected PC from the list. This should be done in 2 situations:

• The PC has been removed from your LAN.

• The entry is incorrect.

Update the data on screen.

Refresh

Generate Report

Display a read-only list showing full details of all entries in the PC database.

59

Broadband Router User Guide

Options

This screen allows advanced users to enter or change a number of settings. For normal operation, there is no need to use this screen or change any settings.

An example Options screen is shown below.

Figure 37: Options Screen

Data - Options Screen

Backup DNS

IP Address

Enter the IP Address of the DNS (Domain Name Servers) here. These

DNS will be used only if the primary DNS is unavailable.

TFTP

Enable

Firmware

Upgrade using

TFTP

• If enabled, TFTP (Trivial FTP) can be used to upgrade the firmware in this device. This is normally not required; a Windows utility is available for this purpose.

• You must obtain the firmware upgrade file first; instructions for using TFTP will be available with the upgrade.

UPnP

Enable UPnP

Services

• UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and configuration of equipment attached to your LAN. UPnP is by supported by Windows ME, XP, or later.

• If Enabled, this device will be visible via UPnP.

• If Disabled, this device will not be visible via UPnP.

60

Advanced Configuration

Allow

Configuration...

Allow Internet access to be disabled

• If checked, then UPnP users can change the configuration.

• If Disabled, UPnP users can only view the configuration.

• If checked, then UPnP users can disable Internet access via this device.

• If Disabled, UPnP users can NOT disable Internet access via this device.

Firewall

Enable DoS

Firewall

Threshold

If enabled, DoS (Denial of Service) attacks will be detected and blocked. The default is enabled. It is strongly recommended that this setting be left enabled.

Note:

• A DoS attack does not attempt to steal data or damage your PCs, but overloads your Internet connection so you can not use it - the service is unavailable.

• The Broadband Router uses "Stateful Inspection" technology. This system can detect situations where individual TCP/IP packets are valid, but collectively they become a DoS attack.

This setting affects the number of "half-open" connections allowed.

• A "half-open" connection arises when a remote client contacts the

Server with a connection request, but then does not reply to the

Server's response.

• While the optimum number of "half-open" connections allowed

(the "Threshold") depends on many factors, the most important factor is the available bandwidth of your Internet connection.

• Select the setting to match the bandwidth of your Internet connection.

61

Broadband Router User Guide

Printer Port

Printer Port configuration is only required if using LPD printing under Linux or Unix.

Otherwise, these settings are ignored.

Under LPD, the Broadband Router supports 3 "Logical Printers".

Figure 38: Printer Port Screen

Logical Printers

No (L1, L2, L3)

Pre-string (HEX)

Post-string (HEX)

LF to CR/LF

There are 3 Logical Printers (Ports), named L1, L2, and L3.

These names can not be changed, and must be used when selecting the logical printer from your Unix system.

Enter (in HEX) the series of printer commands to be sent to the attached printer BEFORE each print job.

Enter (in HEX) the series of printer commands to be sent to the attached printer AFTER each print job.

If checked, Unix-style LF (line feed) characters at the end of each line will be converted to CR/LF (carriage return/line feed) pairs, as used in MSDOS and Windows.

62

Advanced Configuration

MAC Address

The MAC (hardware) address is a low-level network identifier. It may be called "MAC

Address", "Hardware Address", or "Physical Address". On a PC, this address is associated with the Network card or adapter. The address on the MAC Address screen is the address on the

Internet (WAN port) interface, and has no effect on the LAN interface.

• If your ISP asks for the "Network Adapter Address", "Physical Address", "Hardware

Address", or "MAC Address" for the PC the DSL/Cable modem is connected to, provide this value.

• If your ISP has already recorded a MAC address, you can change the address used by the

Broadband Router to match the address recorded by your ISP.

MAC Address Screen

Select MAC Address from the Advanced menu to reach a screen like the example below.

Figure 39: MAC address screen

Data - MAC address Screen

MAC (hardware)

Address

The current MAC (hardware) address is displayed.

If your ISP has recorded a Hardware Address, you can "spoof" that address by entering it in the address field. The hardware address consists of 12 characters, where each character is a digit (0..9) or a character between A and F.

Buttons

Default

Copy from PC

Save

Cancel

Inserts the default MAC address into the MAC address field. You must click "Save" to actually change the address used.

Inserts the MAC address from your PC into the MAC address field.

You must click "Save" to actually change the address used.

Save your changes to the Broadband Router.

Reverse any changes made since the last "Save".

If the MAC address is changed, the Broadband

Router must restart.

63

Broadband Router User Guide

Routing

Overview

• If you don't have other Routers or Gateways on your LAN, you can ignore the "Routing" page completely.

• If the Broadband Router is only acting as a Gateway for the local LAN segment, ignore the

"Routing" page even if your LAN has other Routers.

• If your LAN has a standard Router (e.g. Cisco) on your LAN, and the Broadband Router is to act as a Gateway for all LAN segments, enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol) and ignore the Static Routing table.

• If your LAN has other Gateways and Routers, and you wish to control which LAN segments use each Gateway, do NOT enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol).

Configure the Static Routing table instead. (You also need to configure the other Routers.)

• If using Windows 2000 Data center Server as a software Router, enable RIP on the

Broadband Router, and ensure the following Windows 2000 settings are correct:

• Open Routing and Remote Access

• In the console tree, select Routing and Remote Access , [server name], IP Routing,

RIP

• In the "Details" pane, right-click the interface you want to configure for RIP version 2, and then click "Properties".

• On the "General" tab, set Outgoing packet protocol to "RIP version 2 broadcast", and

Incoming packet protocol to "RIP version 1 and 2".

Routing Screen

The routing table is accessed by the Routing link on the Advanced screen.

Using this Screen

Generally, you will use either RIP (Routing Information Protocol) OR the Static Routing Table, as explained above, it is possible to use both methods simultaneously.

Static Routing Table

• If RIP is not used, an entry in the routing table is required for each LAN segment on your

Network, other than the segment to which this device is attached.

• The other Routers must also be configured. See Configuring Other Routers on your LAN later in this chapter for further details and an example.

64

Advanced Configuration

Figure 40: Routing Screen

Data - Routing Screen

RIP

Enable RIP

Check this to enable the RIP (Routing Information Protocol) feature of the Broadband Router.

The Broadband Router supports RIP 1 only.

Static Routing

Static Routing

Table Entries

Properties

This list shows all entries in the Routing Table.

• The "Properties" area shows details of the selected item in the list.

• Change any the properties as required, then click the "Update" button to save the changes to the selected entry.

Destination Network - The network address of the remote LAN segment. For standard class "C" LANs, the network address is the first 3 fields of the Destination IP Address. The 4th (last) field can be left at 0.

Network Mask - The Network Mask for the remote LAN segment. For class "C" networks, the default mask is

255.255.255.0

Gateway IP Address - The IP Address of the Gateway or Router which the Broadband Router must use to communicate with the destination above. (NOT the router attached to the remote segment.)

Metric - The number of "hops" (routers) to pass through to reach the remote LAN segment. The shortest path will be used. The default value is 1.

65

Broadband Router User Guide

Buttons

Save

Add

Save the RIP setting. This has no effect on the Static Routing Table.

Update

Add a new entry to the Static Routing table, using the data shown in the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in the list is ignored, and has no effect.

Update the current Static Routing Table entry, using the data shown in the "Properties" area on screen.

Delete the current Static Routing Table entry.

Delete

Clear Form

Clear all data from the "Properties" area, ready for input of a new entry for the Static Routing table.

Generate Report

Generate a read-only list of all entries in the Static Routing table.

Configuring Other Routers on your LAN

It is essential that all IP packets for devices not on the local LAN be passed to the Broadband

Router, so that they can be forwarded to the external LAN, WAN, or Internet. To achieve this, the local LAN must be configured to use the Broadband Router as the Default Route or Default

Gateway.

Local Router

The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the Broadband Router.

This router requires that the Default Route is the Broadband Router itself. Typically, routers have a special entry for the Default Route. It should be configured as follows.

Destination IP Address

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.

Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.

The IP Address of the Broadband Router.

Metric

1

Other Routers on the Local LAN

Other routers on the local LAN must use the Broadband Router's Local Router as the Default

Route. The entries will be the same as the Broadband Router's local router, with the exception of the Gateway IP Address.

• For a router with a direct connection to the Broadband Router's local Router, the Gateway

IP Address is the address of the Broadband Router's local router.

• For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching the Broadband

Router's local router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the intermediate router.

66

Advanced Configuration

Static Routing - Example

Segment 1

(192.168.1.xx)

(192.168.1.90)

Router A

(192.168.1.80) (192.168.0.100)

Router B

(192.168.2.70)

Segment 0

(192.168.0.xx)

Broadband

Router

(192.168.0.1)

Segment 2

(192.168.2.xx)

Figure 41: Routing Example

For the Broadband Router's Routing Table

For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the Broadband Router requires

2 entries as follows.

Entry 1 (Segment 1)

Destination IP Address 192.168.1.0

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)

192.168.0.100 (Broadband Router's local

Router)

Metric 1

Entry 2 (Segment 2)

Destination IP Address 192.168.2.0

Network Mask 255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)

Gateway IP Address 192.168.0.100

Metric 2

For Router A's Default Route

Destination IP Address 0.0.0.0

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

0.0.0.0

192.168.0.1 (Broadband Router's IP Address)

For Router B's Default Route

Destination IP Address 0.0.0.0

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

0.0.0.0

192.168.1.80 (Broadband Router's local router)

67

Appendix A

Troubleshooting

This Appendix covers the most likely problems and their solutions.

A

Overview

This chapter covers some common problems that may be encountered while using the

Broadband Router and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested steps and the Broadband Router still does not function properly, contact your dealer for further advice.

General Problems

Problem 1:

Can't connect to the Broadband Router to configure it.

Solution 1:

Check the following:

• The Broadband Router is properly installed, LAN connections are OK, and it is powered ON.

• Ensure that your PC and the Broadband Router are on the same network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)

• If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP Address automatically" (DHCP client), restart it.

• If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, ensure that it is using an IP

Address within the range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 and thus compatible with the Broadband Router's default IP Address of

192.168.0.1.

Also, the Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match the

Broadband Router.

In Windows, you can check these settings by using Control Panel-

Network to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.

Internet Access

Problem 1:

When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.

Solution 1:

A number of things could be causing this. Try the following troubleshooting steps.

• Check if other PCs work. If they do, ensure that your PCs IP settings are correct. If using a Fixed (Static) IP Address, check the Network Mask,

Default gateway and DNS as well as the IP Address.

• If the PCs are configured correctly, but still not working, check the

Broadband Router. Ensure that it is connected and ON. Connect to it and check its settings. (If you can't connect to it, check the LAN and power connections.)

• If the Broadband Router is configured correctly, check your Internet connection (DSL/Cable modem etc) to see that it is working correctly.

68

Appendix A - Troubleshooting

Problem 2: Some applications do not run properly when using the Broadband

Router.

Solution 2:

The Broadband Router processes the data passing through it, so it is not transparent.

Use the Special Applications feature to allow the use of Internet applications which do not function correctly.

If this does solve the problem you can use the DMZ function. This should work with almost every application, but:

• It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled for the DMZ PC.

• Only one (1) PC can use this feature.

Printing

Problem 1:

Solution 1:

Problem 2:

Solution 2:

When I tried to install the Printing software for Peer-to-Peer printing,

I received an error message and the installation was aborted..

This may be caused by an existing installation of the printer port software.

Before attempting another installation:

• Remove the existing installation

• Restart your PC

To remove an existing printer port installation:

1. Open Start - Settings - Control Panel - Add/Remove Programs

2. Look for an entry with a name like "Shared Port", "Shared Printer

Port", "Print Server Driver" or "Print Server Port".

3. Select this item, click "Add/Remove", and confirm the deletion.

I am using Windows 95, and the Printing software installed and ran, but when I selected a port on a Broadband Router and clicked "Add",

the printer was not installed.

Try installing the printer using the standard Windows tools, as follows:

1. Start the Add Printer Wizard.

2. Select Network Printer when prompted "How is the printer attached to your Computer?", and click Next.

3. When prompted for the Network Path or Queue, enter a dummy value such as \\123, as shown below. (Do NOT select Yes for "Do you print for MS-DOS programs?")

69

Broadband Router User Guide

4. The printer wizard will display a message stating that “The Network

Printer is off-line”. This is OK. Continue the Add Printer Wizard until finished.

5. When finished, go to Control Panel-Printers. The printer icon will be grayed out indicating the printer is not ready.

6. Right-click the Printer, and select Properties. Then select the Details tab, as shown below.

7. Click the Add Port button. On the resulting screen, select Other, then

Shared Port, as the port to add, as shown below.

70

Appendix A - Troubleshooting

8. Click OK to see the Print Port Configuration screen, as shown below.

9. Click the Browse Device button, select the desired Multi-function

Broadband Router, and click OK.

10. Click OK to return to the Printers folders, and right-click on the

Printer. Ensure that the Work off-line option is NOT checked.

The Printer should no longer be grayed out, and is ready for use.

71

Appendix B

Specifications

B

XRT-711A

Model

Dimensions

Operating Temperature

Storage Temperature

Network Protocol:

Network Interface:

XRT-711A

250mm(W) * 180mm(D) * 40mm(H)

0

° C to 40° C

-10

° C to 70° C

NAT, PPPoE, HTTP, DHCP client/server, TCP/IP

9 Ethernet:

7 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) auto-Switching Hub ports for LAN devices

1 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) "uplink" port

1 * 10BaseT (RJ45) for WAN

1 * parallel printer port

20

Printer Port

LEDs

External Power Adapter 9 V DC

FCC Statement:

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

(1) This device may not cause harmful interference.

(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

CE Marking Warning

This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.

72

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