2011 Shadow Phantom 750 (VT750C2B) Owner`s Manual

2011 Shadow Phantom 750 (VT750C2B) Owner`s Manual

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Contents

These pages give an overview of the contents of your owner’s manual. The first page of each section lists the topics covered in that section.

Motorcycle Safety ..............................

.

Important safety information you should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.

1

Instruments & Controls ....................

.

The location and function of indicators and controls on your motorcycle and

9

operating instructions for various controls and features.

Before Riding .....................................

.

29

The importance of wearing a helmet and other protective gear, how to make sure you and your motorcycle are ready to ride, and important information about loading.

Basic Operation & Riding ................

.

How to start and stop the engine, shift

39

gears, and brake. Also, riding precautions and important information about riding with a passenger or cargo.

Contents

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Servicing Your Honda ......................

Why your motorcycle needs regular

.

55

maintenance, what you need to know before servicing your Honda, an owner maintenance schedule, and instructions for specific maintenance and adjustment items.

Tips ......................................................

.

How to store and transport your motorcycle and how to be an environmentally responsible rider.

143

Taking Care of the Unexpected .......

.

151

What to do if you have a flat tire, your engine won’t start, etc.

Contents

Technical Information ......................

.

ID numbers, technical specifications, and other technical facts.

181

Consumer Information .....................

.

Information on warranties, emission controls, how to get Honda service manuals, and...

‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ........

.

205

214

Index ....................................................

.

216

Quick Reference

Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes, and air pressures.

Contents

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2011

Honda VT750C2B

Shadow Phantom 750

OWNER’S MANUAL

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Introduction

Congratulations on choosing your Honda motorcycle.

When you own a Honda, you’re part of a worldwide family of satisfied customers

− people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for building quality into every product.

Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your motorcycle and how it works.

To protect your investment, we urge you to take responsibility for keeping your motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of course. But it’s just as important to observe the break-in guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in this manual.

Introduction

We also recommend that you read this owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full of facts, instructions, safety information, and helpful tips. To make it easy to use, the manual contains a detailed list of topics at the beginning of each section and an index at the back of the book.

As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This information is intended to help you avoid damage to your

Honda, other property, or the environment.

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Read the Warranties Booklet (page thoroughly so you understand the

209 coverages that protect your new Honda and are aware of your rights and responsibilities.

)

If you have any questions, or if you ever need special service or repairs, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is dedicated to your complete satisfaction.

Please report any change of address or ownership to your dealer so we will be able to contact you concerning important product information.

Introduction

You may also want to visit our website at www.honda.com.

Happy riding!

California Proposition 65 Warning

WARNING:

This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of

California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

Introduction

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A Few Words About Safety

Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely is an important responsibility.

To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.

Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.

You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:

Safety Labels

–– on the motorcycle.

Safety Messages

–– preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of three signal words:

DANGER, WARNING,

or

CAUTION

.

These signal words mean:

Safety Messages

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A Few Words About Safety

You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

Safety Headings

–– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.

Safety Section

–– such as Motorcycle Safety.

Instructions

–– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.

This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.

Safety Messages

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This section presents some of the most important information and recommendations to help you ride your motorcycle safely. Please take a few moments to read these pages. This section also includes information about the location of safety labels on your motorcycle.

Motorcycle Safety

Important Safety Information

Accessories & Modifications

................

.................

.

.

Safety Labels ..........................................

.

2

5

7

Motorcycle Safety

1

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Important Safety Information

Your motorcycle can provide many years

− responsibility for your own safety and understand the challenges you can meet while riding.

There is much that you can do to protect yourself when you ride. You’ll find many helpful recommendations throughout this manual. The following are a few that we consider to be most important.

Always Wear a Helmet

It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce the number and severity of head injuries. So always wear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sure your passenger does the same. We also recommend that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective gear (page 30 ).

2

Motorcycle Safety

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Take Time to Learn & Practice

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Because many crashes involve inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge all riders to take a motorcycle operator course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). See page 32 .

Ride Defensively

The most frequent motorcycle collision happens when a car turns left in front of a motorcycle. Another common situation is a car moving suddenly into your lane.

Important Safety Information

Always pay attention to other vehicles around you, and do not assume that other drivers see you. Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For other riding tips, see the booklet,

Your Motorcycle Riding Tips,

You and

which came with your new motorcycle (USA only).

Make Yourself Easy to See

Some drivers do not see motorcycles because they are not looking for them. To make yourself more visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position yourself so other drivers can see you, signal before turning or changing lanes, and use your horn when it will help others notice you.

Motorcycle Safety

3

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Important Safety Information

Ride within Your Limits

Pushing limits is another major cause of motorcycle crashes. Never ride beyond your personal abilities or faster than conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can significantly reduce your ability to make good judgments and ride safely.

Don’t Drink and Ride

Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink can reduce your ability to respond to changing conditions, and your reaction time gets worse with every additional drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride either.

Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition

It’s important to keep your motorcycle properly maintained and in safe riding condition. To help avoid problems, inspect your motorcycle before every ride and perform all recommended maintenance.

Never exceed load limits (page 37 ), and do not modify your motorcycle (page ) or install accessories that would make

6

4

Motorcycle Safety

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Modifying your motorcycle or using non-

Honda accessories can make your motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider making any modifications or adding an accessory, be sure to read the following information.

Improper accessories or modifications can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding accessories and modifications.

Accessories & Modifications

Accessories

We strongly recommend that you use only

Honda Genuine Accessories that have been specifically designed and tested for your motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all other accessories, you must be personally responsible for proper selection, installation, and use of non-Honda accessories.

Check with your dealer for assistance and always follow these guidelines:

Make sure the accessory does not obscure any lights, reduce ground clearance and lean angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel, alter your riding position, or interfere with operating any controls.

(cont’d)

Motorcycle Safety

5

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Accessories & Modifications

Do not install any fairing or windscreen unless it was designed and tested by

Honda for your motorcycle. Some fairings or windscreens, even smaller ones, can cause unstable handling of your motorcycle. This is especially true if the fairing or windscreen is poorly designed or improperly mounted.

Do not add any electrical equipment that will exceed the motorcycle’s electrical system capacity (page 190 ).

A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine power (page 173 ).

Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your motorcycle. This motorcycle was not designed for these attachments, and their use can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling.

Modifications

We strongly advise you not to remove any original equipment or modify your motorcycle in any way that would change its design or operation. Such changes could seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, stability, and braking, making it unsafe to ride.

Removing or modifying your lights, exhaust system, emission control system, or other equipment can also make your motorcycle illegal.

6

Motorcycle Safety

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Safety Labels

Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t remove them.

If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your dealer for a replacement.

Motorcycle Safety

7

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Safety Labels

8

Motorcycle Safety

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This section shows the location of all gauges, indicators, and controls you would normally use before or while riding your motorcycle.

The items listed on this page are described in this section. Instructions for other components are presented in other sections of this manual where they will be most useful.

Instruments & Controls

Operation Component Locations

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

...........

.

...............

.

10

13

Odometer/Tripmeter/Digital Clock

Display ................................................

.

19

Odometer ............................................

Tripmeter 1 & 2 ..................................

.

.

21

21

Digital Clock ......................................

Controls & Features

Ignition Switch

................................

...................................

.

.

.

22

25

25

Start Button .........................................

Engine Stop Switch

.

26

............................

.

26

Headlight Dimmer Switch

Turn Signal Switch

.................

.

.............................

.

27

27

Horn Button ........................................

.

28

Instruments & Controls

9

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Operation Component Locations

headlight dimmer switch engine stop switch clutch lever turn signal switch horn button

10

Instruments & Controls

front brake lever start button throttle grip

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Operation Component Locations

steering lock rear brake pedal

Instruments & Controls

11

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Operation Component Locations

ignition switch helmet holder shift lever

12

Instruments & Controls

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The gauges, indicators and displays on your motorcycle keep you informed, alert you to possible problems, and make your riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges, indicators and displays frequently. Their functions are described on the following pages.

(9) (10) (1) (2)

(3)

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

(1) speedometer

(2) turn signal indicator

(3) high beam indicator

(4) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp

(MIL)

(5) high coolant temperature indicator

(6) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock display

(7) low oil pressure indicator

(8) neutral indicator

(9) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button

(10) fuel reserve indicator

USA: Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.

Canada: Odometer & tripmeter read in kilometers.

(8) (7) (6) (5) (4)

Instruments & Controls

13

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Lamp Check

The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp

(MIL), low oil pressure indicator and fuel reserve indicator come on when you turn the ignition switch ON so you can check that they are working.

The low oil pressure indicator remains on until after the engine is started. The PGM-

FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) and fuel reserve indicator light for a few seconds and then go off when you turn the ignition switch ON.

These indicators are identified in the table on pages 16

18 with the words:

Lamp

Check.

When applicable, the high beam and neutral indicators come on when you turn the ignition switch ON and remain on until you select the low beam or shift out of neutral.

If one of these indicators does not come on when it should, have your dealer check for problems.

14

Instruments & Controls

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Display Check

When the ignition switch is turned ON, the odometer/tripmeter/digital clock display

1 and digital segments so you can make sure the liquid crystal display is functioning properly.

The displays are identified in the table on page 17 with the words:

Display Check.

If any part of these displays does not come on when it should, have your dealer check for problems.

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

(1)

(1) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock display

Instruments & Controls

15

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

1 speedometer

2

3 turn signal indicator

(green) high beam indicator

(blue)

4 PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)

(amber)

Shows riding speed in miles (USA) or kilometers

(Canada) per hour.

Flashes when either turn signal operates.

Lights when the headlight is on high beam.

Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI

(Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also light for a few seconds and then go off when the ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop switch is at RUN. If the indicator comes on at any other time, reduce speed and take your motorcycle to your dealer as soon as possible.

Lamp Check.

16

Instruments & Controls

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5 high coolant temperature indicator (red)

6 odometer/tripmeter/ digital clock display odometer tripmeter 1 & 2 digital clock

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Lights when the coolant is over the specified temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to the side of the road. See page cautions.

170 for instructions and

The display includes the following functions:

Display Check.

Shows the total miles (USA) or kilometers (Canada) ridden (page 21 ).

Shows the number of miles (USA) or kilometers

(Canada) ridden since you last reset the meter. The tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘TRIP 1’’ and ‘‘TRIP

2.’’ To zero (0) the tripmeter, push and hold the odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button (page 21 ).

Shows hour and minute (page 22 ).

Instruments & Controls

17

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

7

8

9

10 low oil pressure indicator (red) neutral indicator (green) odometer/tripmeter/ digital clock select and reset button fuel reserve indicator

(orange)

Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to cause engine damage. If the low oil pressure indicator lights during operation, pull safely to the side of the road. See page 172 for instructions and cautions.

Lamp Check

.

Lights when the transmission is in neutral.

Resets the tripmeter to zero (0) (page ).

20

21

Selects the odometer, tripmeter 1, tripmeter 2 and digital clock (page ).

Also used to set the digital clock (pages 22

24

When this indicator comes on while riding, fuel reserved in the tank is about:

).

0.87 US gal (3.3 )

Should also light for a few seconds and then go off when the ignition switch is turned ON.

Lamp Check.

18

Instruments & Controls

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Odometer/Tripmeter/

Digital Clock Display

The odometer/tripmeter/digital clock

1 odometer tripmeter 1 tripmeter 2 digital clock

The clock will display 0:00 if the battery is disconnected.

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

(2)

(1)

(1) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock display

(2) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button

Instruments & Controls

19

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Push the odometer/tripmeter/digital clock

2

5

3

6

4

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(2) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button

(3) odometer

(4) tripmeter 1

(5) tripmeter 2

(6) digital clock

20

Instruments & Controls

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Odometer

The odometer shows the total miles or kilometers ridden.

Tripmeter 1 & 2

The tripmeter shows number of miles or kilometers ridden since you last reset the tripmeter.

The tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘TRIP

1’’ and ‘‘TRIP 2’’.

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select

1 seconds when the display in the ‘‘TRIP 1’’ or ‘‘TRIP 2’’ mode.

(1)

(1) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button

Instruments & Controls

21

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Digital Clock

Shows hour and minute. To adjust the time, proceed as follows:

1.

Turn the ignition switch ON.

2.

3.

1

Push and hold the odometer/tripmeter/ for more than 2 seconds. The clock will be set in the adjust mode with the hour display flashing.

(2)

(1)

(1) digital clock

(2) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button

22

Instruments & Controls

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4.

To set the hour, push the odometer/ tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button until the desired hour is displayed.

The time is advanced by one hour, each time the button is pushed.

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

5.

Push and hold the odometer/tripmeter/ digital clock select and reset button for more than 2 seconds. The minute display will start flashing.

Instruments & Controls

(cont’d)

23

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

6.

To set the minute, push the odometer/ tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button until the desired minute is displayed. The minute display will return to ‘‘00’’ when ‘‘60’’ is reached without affecting the hour display.

The time advances by one minute, each time the button is pushed.

7.

To end the adjustment, push and hold the odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button for more than 2 seconds or turn the ignition switch OFF.

The display will stop flashing automatically and the adjustment will be cancelled if the button is not pressed for about 30 seconds.

24

Instruments & Controls

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Controls & Features

LEFT SIDE

OFF ON

(1)

Ignition Switch

and stopping the engine (page 41 ). The ignition key is also used to lock the steering for theft prevention (page ).

Insert the key and turn it to the right for the ON position.

52

Key Position

ON

OFF

Function

Electrical circuits on.

No electrical circuits function.

(1) ignition switch

If a key ring is used, we recommend a fabric or leather type with just the key attached. The use of a metal key ring or the attachment of additional keys to any type of key ring may damage the finish of the side cover and engine cover while inserting the key or riding.

Instruments & Controls

25

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Controls & Features

Start Button

engine. Pushing the button in starts the engine. See

Starting Procedure,

page 42 .

When the start button is pushed, the starter motor will crank the engine; the headlight will automatically go out, but the taillight will stay on.

The starter motor will not operate if the engine stop switch is in the OFF position when the start button is pushed.

Engine Stop Switch

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(2)

(1)

(1) start button

(2) engine stop switch OFF

RUN the engine in an emergency. To operate, push the switch to the OFF position. The switch must be in the RUN position to start the engine, and it should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

26

Instruments & Controls

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If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop switch OFF, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Headlight Dimmer Switch

to change between the high and low beams of the headlight. To operate, turn the switch to HI for high beam, LO for low beam.

Controls & Features

Turn Signal Switch

a turn or a lane change. To operate, move the switch all the way in the proper direction and release it. The appropriate turn signal lights will start blinking. To cancel the light, push the switch in.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) headlight dimmer switch HI

LO

(2) turn signal switch

(3) horn button

Instruments & Controls

27

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Controls & Features

Horn Button

The horn is used to alert other motorists.

28

Instruments & Controls

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Before each ride, you need to make sure you and your Honda are both ready to ride.

To help get you prepared, this section discusses how to evaluate your riding readiness, what items you should check on your motorcycle, and adjustments to make for your comfort, convenience, or safety.

This section also includes important information about loading.

For information about adjusting the suspension on your Honda, see page 110 .

Before Riding

Are You Ready to Ride?

Protective Apparel

........................

.

..............................

.

30

30

Rider Training ....................................

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

......

.

.

32

33

Pre-ride Inspection .............................

Load Limits & Guidelines ......................

.

.

33

36

Loading ...............................................

Load Limits ........................................

.

Loading Guidelines ............................

.

.

36

37

37

Before Riding

29

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Are You Ready to Ride?

Before you ride your motorcycle for the first time, we urge you to:

Read this owner’s manual.

Make sure you understand all the safety messages.

Know how to operate all the controls.

Before each ride, be sure:

You feel well and are in good physical and mental condition.

You are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet (with chin strap tightened securely), eye protection, and other protective clothing.

You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in your system.

Make sure your passenger is ready to ride, too, and is wearing proper gear including a helmet.

30

Before Riding

If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, use a commercially available elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the helmet to the seat.

Protective Apparel

For your safety, we strongly recommend that you always wear an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt or jacket whenever you ride.

Although complete protection is not possible, wearing proper gear can reduce the chance of injury when you ride.

Following are suggestions to help you choose the proper gear.

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Are You Ready to Ride?

Helmet and Eye Protection

Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the best protection against head injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably and securely. A bright-colored helmet and reflective strips can make you more noticeable in traffic.

An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless of the style, look for a

DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker on any helmet you buy (USA only).

Always wear a face shield or goggles to protect your eyes and help your vision.

Not wearing a helmet increases the chance of serious injury or death in a crash.

Be sure you and your passenger always wear a helmet, eye protection, and other protective apparel when you ride.

Additional Riding Gear

In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also recommend:

Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect your feet and ankles.

Leather gloves to help protect your hands.

(cont’d)

Before Riding

31

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Are You Ready to Ride?

A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as well as protection.

Bright-colored and reflective clothing can help make you more noticeable in traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could get caught on any part of your motorcycle.

Rider Training

Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles. Practice riding the motorcycle in a safe area to build your skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls, and feel comfortable with its size and weight.

32

Before Riding

We urge all riders to take a motorcycle operator course approved by the

Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF).

New riders should start with the basic course, and even experienced riders will find the advanced course beneficial. For information about the MSF training course nearest you, call the national toll-free number: (800) 446-9227.

Other riding tips can be found in the

Riding Tips

booklet that came with your motorcycle (USA only).

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Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your motorcycle and make sure any problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for safety, but because having a breakdown, or even a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before riding can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Pre-ride Inspection

Check the following items before you get on the motorcycle:

Tires

&

Wheels

Look at the tires. If a tire appears low, use an air pressure gauge to check its pressure. Also look for signs of excessive wear

(page 123 ) or damage to the tires, rims and spokes.

Always perform a pre-ride inspection before every ride and correct any problems.

Before Riding

33

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Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Leaks,

Loose

Parts

Lights

Walk around your motorcycle and look for anything that appears unusual, such as a leak or loose cable.

Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

If you are carrying a passenger or cargo, also check the following:

Load Limits

Cargo

Make sure you do not exceed the load limits

(page 37 ).

Check that all cargo is secure.

Adjustments

Adjust the rear suspension

(page 111 your load.

) according to

34

Before Riding

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Check these items after you get on the motorcycle:

Throttle

Rotate the throttle to check it moves smoothly without binding.

Brakes

Indicators

Pull the brake lever and press on the brake pedal to check that they operate normally.

Turn the ignition on and check for normal operation of the indicators (page 13 ).

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in over a week, you should also check other items, such as the oil level and other fluids.

See

Periodic Maintenance

(page 62 ).

Periodic maintenance should also be done at least once a month, no matter how often you ride.

Remember, be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your dealer correct it before you ride.

Before Riding

35

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Load Limits & Guidelines

Your motorcycle has been designed to carry you and one passenger. When you carry a passenger, you may feel some difference during acceleration and braking.

But so long as you keep your motorcycle well-maintained, with good tires and brakes, you can safely carry loads within the given limits and guidelines.

However, exceeding the weight limit or carrying an unbalanced load can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, braking, and stability. Non-Honda accessories, improper modifications, and poor maintenance can also reduce your safety margin.

Loading

How much weight you put on your motorcycle, and how you load it, are important to your safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or cargo, you should be aware of the following information.

Overloading or improper loading can cause a crash and you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all load limits and other loading guidelines in this manual.

36

Before Riding

10/09/02 11:27:48 31MFE640 0046 

Load Limits

Following are the load limits for your motorcycle:

maximum weight capacity:

401 lb (182 kg) includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.

maximum cargo weight:

40 lb (18 kg)

The weight of added accessories will reduce the maximum cargo weight you can carry.

Load Limits & Guidelines

Loading Guidelines

Your motorcycle is primarily intended for transporting you and a passenger. You may wish to secure a jacket or other small items to the seat when you are not riding with a passenger.

If you wish to carry more cargo, check with your dealer for advice, and be sure to read the information regarding accessories on page 5 .

Before Riding

37

10/09/02 11:27:55 31MFE640 0047 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect its stability and handling. Even if your motorcycle is properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds and never exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying cargo.

Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a passenger or cargo:

Check that both tires are properly inflated, and that pressure in the rear tire is increased to suit the load

(page 121 ).

If you change your normal load, you may need to adjust the rear suspension

(page 111 ).

To prevent loose items from creating a hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied down securely before you ride.

38

Before Riding

Place cargo weight as low and close to the center of your motorcycle as possible.

Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.

Do not attach large or heavy items (such as a sleeping bag or tent) to the handlebar, forks, or fender.

10/09/02 11:28:07 31MFE640 0048 

This section gives basic riding instructions, including how to start and stop your engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch, and brakes. It also provides important information on riding with a passenger or cargo.

To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum performance and service life, refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 193 ).

To protect the catalytic converters in your motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid extended idling and the use of leaded gasoline.

Basic Operation & Riding

Safe Riding Precautions .........................

Starting & Stopping the Engine .............

.

.

40

41

Preparation ..........................................

Starting Procedure ..............................

.

.

41

42

Flooded Engine ..................................

.

43

Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off

System ................................................

.

How to Stop the Engine

Shifting Gears

.....................

.

43

44

.........................................

.

45

Braking

Parking

...................................................

.

....................................................

.

47

49

Theft-prevention Tips ........................

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ..........

.

.

52

53

Basic Operation & Riding

39

10/09/02 11:28:11 31MFE640 0049 

Safe Riding Precautions

Before riding your motorcycle for the first time, please review the

Motorcycle Saf ety

section beginning on page 1, and the

Bef ore Riding

section beginning on page 29 .

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when riding, idling, or parking your motorcycle.

40

Basic Operation & Riding

10/09/02 11:28:20 31MFE640 0050 

Always follow the proper starting procedure described below.

For your safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.

Your motorcycle can be started with the transmission in gear by pulling in the clutch lever before operating the starter.

Your motorcycle is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is down –– the engine cannot be started unless the transmission is in neutral.

If the side stand is up –– the engine can be started in neutral, or in gear with the

Starting & Stopping the Engine

clutch lever pulled in. After starting with the side stand down, the engine will stop if the transmission is put in gear before raising the side stand.

Preparation

Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the following:

The transmission is in neutral (neutral indicator is ON).

The engine stop switch is set to RUN.

The low oil pressure indicator is ON.

The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) is OFF.

The high coolant temperature indicator is OFF.

Basic Operation & Riding

41

10/09/02 11:28:27 31MFE640 0051 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

The low oil pressure indicator should go off a few seconds after the engine starts.

If the low oil pressure indicator lights during operation, stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level.

Starting Procedure

This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine with an automatic choke. Follow the procedure indicated below.

Any Air Temperature

With the throttle completely closed, press the start button.

The engine will not start if the throttle is fully open (because the electronic control module cuts off the fuel supply).

Snapping the throttle or fast idling for more than about 5 minutes may cause exhaust pipe discoloration.

42

Basic Operation & Riding

10/09/02 11:28:36 31MFE640 0052 

Flooded Engine

3.

4.

5.

If the engine fails to start after repeated attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel. To clear a flooded engine:

1.

2.

Leave the engine stop switch set to

RUN.

Open the throttle fully.

Press the start button for 5 seconds.

Follow the normal starting procedure.

If the engine starts, open the throttle slightly if idling is unstable.

If the engine does not start, wait 10 seconds, then follow steps 1

4 again.

If the engine still won’t start, refer to

If

Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,

page 153 .

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Bank Angle Sensor Ignition

Cut-off System

Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle) sensor system is designed to automatically stop the engine and fuel pump if the motorcycle is overturned.

Before restarting the engine, you must turn the ignition switch to the OFF position and then back to ON. The engine will not restart until you perform this procedure.

Basic Operation & Riding

43

10/09/02 11:28:44 31MFE640 0053 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

How to Stop the Engine

Normal Engine Stop

To stop the engine, shift into neutral and turn the ignition switch OFF.

The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

If your motorcycle is stopped with the engine stop switch OFF and the ignition switch ON, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Emergency Engine Stop

To stop the engine in an emergency, use the engine stop switch. To operate, press the switch to the OFF position.

44

Basic Operation & Riding

10/09/02 11:28:51 31MFE640 0054  shifting pattern

Your motorcycle has five forward gears in a one-down, four-up shift pattern which is coordinated with a cable-operated clutch system.

Learning when to shift gears comes with experience. Keep the following tips in mind:

Shifting Gears

As a general rule, shift while moving in a straight line.

Close the throttle and pull the clutch lever in completely before shifting.

Improper shifting may damage the engine, transmission, and drive train.

Learn to recognize the engagement point as you release the clutch lever. It is at this point the transmission of power to the rear wheel resumes.

Upshift to a higher gear or reduce throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets too high. Learn the relationship between engine sound and the normal shifting points.

Downshift to a lower gear before you feel the engine laboring (lugging) at low rpm.

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

45

10/09/02 11:29:00 31MFE640 0055 

Shifting Gears

Avoid downshifting to help slow your motorcycle when engine rpm is high.

Downshifting when engine speed is near its allowable maximum may overrev the engine and cause possible damage.

To prevent transmission damage, do not coast or tow the motorcycle for long distances with the engine off.

Recommended Shift Points

Ride in the highest gear that lets the engine run and accelerate smoothly. This will give you good fuel economy and effective emissions control. When changing gears under normal conditions, use these recommended shift points:

Shif ting Up:

From 1st to 2nd:

From 2nd to 3rd:

From 3rd to 4th:

From 4th to 5th:

12 mph (20 km/h)

19 mph (30 km/h)

25 mph (40 km/h)

31 mph (50 km/h)

Shif ting Down:

From 5th to 4th:

From 4th to 3rd:

28 mph (45 km/h)

22 mph (35 km/h)

Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops below 15 mph (24 km/h), when engine roughness is evident, or when engine stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st gear for acceleration.

46

Basic Operation & Riding

10/09/02 11:29:07 31MFE640 0056 

Your motorcycle is equipped with a hydraulically activated disc brake in front and a mechanically activated drum brake at the rear. Operating the brake lever applies the front disc brake. Depressing the brake pedal applies the rear drum brake.

As a general rule, the front braking system provides about 70 percent of total stopping power.

For full braking effectiveness, use both the lever and pedal simultaneously. Using both braking systems will stop your motorcycle faster with greater stability.

To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting to match your speed.

Braking

Gradually increase braking as you feel the brakes slowing your speed. The increase in engine compression from downshifting will help slow your motorcycle.

To prevent stalling the engine, pull the clutch lever in before coming to a complete stop. For support, put your left foot down first, then your right foot when you have finished braking.

Applying the brakes too hard may cause the wheels to lock and slide, reducing control of your motorcycle. If this happens, release the brake controls, steer straight ahead until you regain control, then reapply the brakes more gently.

Basic Operation & Riding

47

10/09/02 11:29:12 31MFE640 0057 

Braking

When possible, reduce your speed or complete braking before entering a turn.

Avoid braking or closing the throttle quickly while turning. Either action may cause one or both wheels to slip and reduce your control of your motorcycle.

Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake hard in an emergency situation are important riding skills. We suggest attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation experienced rider training course

(page 32 ) to retain these skills.

When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop will be reduced. All of your actions should be smooth under these conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss of control.

48

Basic Operation & Riding

For your safety, exercise extreme caution when braking, accelerating or turning.

When descending a long, steep grade, use engine compression braking by downshifting, with intermittent use of both brakes. Continuous brake application can overheat the brakes and reduce their effectiveness.

Riding with your foot resting on the brake pedal or your hand on the brake lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication to other drivers. It may also overheat the brakes, reducing effectiveness.

10/09/02 11:29:20 31MFE640 0058 

1.

Look for a level parking area. If you can’t park on a paved surface, make sure the ground surface is firm, especially under the side stand.

If you must park on a hill, leave the transmission in gear and position the rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree angle.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when parking your motorcycle. Refer to

Catalytic

Converters

, page 201 .

Parking

2.

Use the side stand to support the motorcycle while parked.

To lower the side stand, use your foot to guide it down. Remember that lowering the side stand with the transmission in gear will stop the engine, even if the clutch lever is pulled in. That is a function of the side stand ignition cut-off system.

Check that the side stand is down all the way so that the side stand ignition cut-off system (page 41 ) is activated.

If you have to park on a soft surface, insert something solid under the side stand for support.

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

49

10/09/02 11:29:25 31MFE640 0059 

Parking

3.

1 the handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar all the way to the left. Insert

2 it 180 degrees clockwise. Remove the key.

RIGHT FRONT

(1) (2)

(1) steering lock (2) ignition key

50

Basic Operation & Riding

10/09/02 11:29:32 31MFE640 0060 

4.

3 your helmet with your motorcycle:

2 counterclockwise to unlock the holder.

Hang your helmet on the holder

4

Push in on the holder pin. Remove the key.

LEFT REAR

(3)

(4)

Parking

Riding with a helmet attached to the holder can interfere with the rear wheel or suspension and could cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Use the helmet holder only while parked. Do not ride with a helmet secured by the holder.

(2)

(2) ignition key

(3) helmet holder

(4) holder pin

Basic Operation & Riding

51

10/09/02 11:29:39 31MFE640 0061 

Parking

Theft-prevention Tips

Park your motorcycle in a locked garage whenever possible. If a garage isn’t available, park in a concealed area or in a well-lit area with enough pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.

Always take the ignition key with you.

Always use the steering lock (page 50 even if you’re parking for just a minute

), or two. A thief can easily push an unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.

In addition to the steering lock, use a good quality anti-theft device made specifically to lock a motorcycle to a secure object.

If you decide to use an anti-theft device, select one of good quality and be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

Keep your owner’s manual, current registration, and insurance information with your motorcycle. This will make it easier for the authorities to find you if your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.

52

Basic Operation & Riding

10/09/02 11:29:45 31MFE640 0062 

Your motorcycle is designed to carry you and one passenger. Whenever you add a passenger or cargo, you must be careful not to exceed the total load limits for this vehicle (

Load Limits,

page 37 ). Make sure your cargo is properly secured

(

Loading Guidelines,

page 37 ).

Also consider adjusting the suspension

(page 110 ) for the extra load.

Be aware that carrying a passenger or heavy cargo can affect acceleration, braking, and handling.

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo

Before riding with a passenger, make sure your passenger is wearing the proper protective apparel (page 30 ).

Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap or your waist, lean with you in the turns, and keep their feet on the passenger footpegs at all times, even when the motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.

Basic Operation & Riding

53

10/09/02 11:29:47 31MFE640 0063 

54

Basic Operation & Riding

10/09/02 11:29:58 31MFE640 0064 

To help keep your motorcycle in good shape, this section includes a Maintenance

Schedule for required service, a list of periodic checks you should perform at least once a month, and step-by-step instructions for specific maintenance tasks.

You’ll also find important safety precautions, information on fuels and oils, and tips for keeping your Honda looking great.

For information about the exhaust emission and noise emission requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC), see page 194 .

For information about replacing fuses, see page 173 .

Servicing Your Honda

USA only

Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any motorcycle repair establishment or individual using parts that are

‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance

Maintenance Safety

............

.

................................

.

58

59

Important Safety Precautions

Periodic Maintenance

.............

.

.............................

.

60

62

Maintenance Schedule

Maintenance Record

...........................

.

...............................

.

64

69

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

55

10/09/02 11:30:14 31MFE640 0065 

Servicing Your Honda

Service Preparations

Maintenance Component Locations ......

.

71

Tool Kit ...................................................

Owner’s Manual Storage ........................

.

.

74

75

Side Cover Removal ...............................

Seat Removal ..........................................

.

.

76

77

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel .........................................................

Engine Oil & Filter .................................

.

.

78

81

Coolant ....................................................

Air Cleaner .............................................

.

.

91

95

Crankcase Breather

Final Drive Oil

................................

.

........................................

.

97

98

Engine

Throttle ...............................................

.

Clutch System .....................................

Spark Plugs .........................................

.

.

101

103

107

Chassis

Suspension

Brakes

Tires

..........................................

.................................................

....................................................

.

.

.

Side Stand ...........................................

.

110

113

121

129

Electrical

Battery ................................................

.

130

Appearance Care ................................

.

135

56

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:30:27 31MFE640 0066 

Servicing Your Honda

The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s performance.

Type of Inspection/Service

Pre-ride Inspection

Periodic Maintenance

Maintenance Schedule

Refer to page:

33

62

64

When Performed before every ride monthly

* interval on schedule

Who Performs you you your dealer

**

** more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified

Servicing Your Honda

57

10/09/02 11:30:33 31MFE640 0067 

The Importance of Maintenance

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s also a good way to protect your investment, get maximum performance, avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A properly maintained motorcycle will also help to reduce air pollution.

Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect your motorcycle before each ride, perform the periodic checks, and follow the

Maintenance Schedule in this section.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before you ride can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this owner’s manual.

If your motorcycle overturns or is involved in a crash, be sure your dealer inspects all major parts, even if you are able to make some of the repairs yourself.

58

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:30:38 31MFE640 0068 

This section includes instructions on how to perform some important maintenance tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills, you can perform many of these tasks with the tools provided with your motorcycle.

Other tasks that are more difficult and require special tools are best performed by professionals. Wheel removal should normally be handled only by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic.

Instructions are included in this manual only to assist in emergency service.

Maintenance Safety

Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task.

Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the procedures and precautions in this owner’s manual.

Servicing Your Honda

59

10/09/02 11:30:43 31MFE640 0069 

Maintenance Safety

Important Safety Precautions

Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs. This will help eliminate several potential hazards:

Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust.

Be sure there is adequate ventilation whenever you operate the engine.

Burns from hot motorcycle parts.

the engine and exhaust system cool

Let before touching.

Injury from moving parts.

Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.

Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the tools and skills required.

To help prevent the motorcycle from falling over, park it on a firm, level surface, using the side stand or a maintenance stand to provide support.

To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion, be careful when working around gasoline. Use only non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts.

60

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:30:47 31MFE640 0070 

Maintenance Safety

Remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new

Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. If you have the tools and skills required for additional maintenance jobs, you can purchase an official Honda Service Manual

(page 206 ).

Servicing Your Honda

61

10/09/02 11:30:51 31MFE640 0071 

Periodic Maintenance

In addition to the regularly scheduled maintenance (page 64 ) and daily pre-ride inspection (page 33 ), consider performing the periodic checks on the following page at least once a month, even if you haven’t ridden your motorcycle, or as often as once a week if you ride frequently or for long distances. It’s a good idea to perform this maintenance any time you clean your motorcycle.

Check the odometer reading and perform any scheduled maintenance checks that are needed (page 64 ). Remember, more frequent checks may be needed for riding in severe conditions.

62

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:31:01 31MFE640 0072 

Tires

&

Wheels

Fluids

Lights

Freeplay

Fuses

Nuts & Bolts

Periodic Maintenance

Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page

Examine the tread for wear (page 123 ).

121

Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of damage (page 123 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the entire surface.

Check the condition of the rims and spokes.

Check the levels of the engine oil (page brake fluid (page 114

85 ), coolant (page 91 ),

), and final drive oil (page 98 ). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.

Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 103 ), rear brake pedal

(page 117 ), and throttle grip (page 101 ).

Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.

Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.

).

Servicing Your Honda

63

10/09/02 11:31:06 31MFE640 0073 

Maintenance Schedule

The required Maintenance Schedule that follows specifies how often you should have your motorcycle serviced, and what things need attention. It is essential to have your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to maintain safe, dependable performance and proper emission control.

The service intervals in this Maintenance

Schedule are based on average riding conditions. Some items will need more frequent service if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.

Consult your dealer for recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use.

Some items in the Maintenance Schedule can be performed with basic mechanical skills and hand tools. Procedures for these items are provided in this manual. Other items involve more extensive procedures and may require special training, tools, and equipment. We recommend that you have your dealer perform these tasks unless you have advanced mechanical skills and the required tools and equipment.

Procedures for such items in this schedule are provided in an official Honda Service

Manual available for purchase (page 206 ).

64

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:31:13 31MFE640 0074 

If you do not feel capable of performing a given task or need assistance, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. If you decide to do your own maintenance, use only Honda

Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair or replacement to ensure the best quality and reliability.

Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 33 ) and owner maintenance (page scheduled maintenance period.

66 ) at each

Maintenance Schedule

Each item on the maintenance schedule requires some mechanical knowledge.

Certain items (particularly those marked

* and

**

) may require more technical information and tools. Consult your dealer.

Should be serviced by your dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 206 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

65

10/09/02 11:31:20 31MFE640 0075 

Maintenance Schedule

Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes

& Procedures:

NOTES:

1.

At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.

2.

Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.

3.

4.

5.

Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden often at full throttle or in the rain.

Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes first. Replacement requires mechanical skill.

California type only.

Maintenance Procedures:

I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, or replace, if necessary

C: clean

A: adjust

L: lubricate

R: replace

66

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:31:30 31MFE640 0076 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

FUEL LINE

THROTTLE OPERATION

AIR CLEANER

CRANKCASE BREATHER

SPARK PLUGS

VALVE CLEARANCE

ENGINE OIL

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

2

3

ENGINE OIL FILTER

RADIATOR COOLANT

COOLING SYSTEM

SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY

SYSTEM

EVAPORATIVE EMISSION

CONTROL SYSTEM

4

5

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

0.6

1.0

4

6.4

8

12.8

I

I

12

19.2

16

25.6

I

I

20

32.0

C

I

C

R

R

C

I

C

R

C

I

R

C

R

I I I

INITIAL = 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R

I

24

38.4

I

I

REGULAR = EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km) or 12 months: R

R R

I

R

I

R

R

I

I

I

I

I

I

I I

Refer to page

101

95

97

107

81

86

91

Should be serviced by your dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 206 ).

Servicing Your Honda

67

10/09/02 11:31:42 31MFE640 0077 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

**

**

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

FINAL DRIVE OIL

BRAKE FLUID

BRAKE SHOE/PAD WEAR

BRAKE SYSTEM

BRAKELIGHT SWITCH

HEADLIGHT AIM

CLUTCH SYSTEM

SIDE STAND

SUSPENSION

NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS

WHEELS/TIRES

STEERING HEAD BEARINGS

4

0.6

1.0

I

I

I

I

I

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

I

I

I

I

8

12.8

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

12

19.2

R

I

I

I

16

25.6

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

20

32.0

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

24

38.4

R

R

I

I

I

I

I

Refer to page

98

114

116, 120

113

103

129

Should be serviced by your dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 206 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your dealer.

68

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:31:48 31MFE640 0078 

Maintenance Record

Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.

Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.

Odometer Date Performed By: Notes Miles (km)

600 (1,000)

4,000 (6,400)

8,000 (12,800)

12,000 (19,200)

16,000 (25,600)

20,000 (32,000)

Servicing Your Honda

69

10/09/02 11:31:54 31MFE640 0079 

Maintenance Record

Odometer Miles (km)

24,000 (38,400)

28,000 (44,800)

32,000 (51,200)

36,000 (57,600)

40,000 (64,000)

44,000 (70,400)

48,000 (76,800)

52,000 (83,200)

56,000 (89,600)

60,000 (96,000)

64,000 (102,400)

68,000 (108,800)

Date Performed By: Notes

70

Servicing Your Honda

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Maintenance Component Locations

front brake fluid reservoir clutch lever fuel fill cap front brake lever throttle grip

Servicing Your Honda

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Maintenance Component Locations

battery main fuse

FI fuse fuse box rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster spark plugs air cleaner crankcase breather tube

72

Servicing Your Honda

engine oil fill cap/ dipstick rear brake pedal front brake caliper

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Maintenance Component Locations

spark plugs tool kit owner’s manual rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster final drive gear oil fill cap engine oil filter engine oil drain bolt final drive gear oil drain bolt coolant reserve tank

Servicing Your Honda

73

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Tool Kit

1

2 cover (page 76 ).

An optional, larger tool kit may be available. Check with your dealer’s parts department.

To open the storage compartment, remove the left side cover (page

3

76 ). Insert the ignition key ( ) and turn it 90 degrees counterclockwise. Open the storage

4

To close the storage compartment, close the storage compartment lid. Turn the ignition key 90 degrees clockwise and remove it. Install the left side cover

(page 76 ).

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Servicing Your Honda

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(2) (4)

(1) tool kit

(2) storage compartment

(3) ignition key

(4) storage compartment lid

(3)

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Your motorcycle provides storage for the owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you for easy reference. Store your owner’s manual (and other documents) in the

1

2 the seat (page 77 ).

Unhook the band ( ) and remove the plastic storage bag.

3

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.

Owner’s Manual Storage

UNDER SEAT

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) plastic storage bag

(2) owner’s manual storage compartment

(3) band

Servicing Your Honda

75

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Side Cover Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

The right side cover must be removed to service the fuses.

The left side cover must be removed to access the tool kit.

The right and left side covers can be removed in the same manner.

Removal

1.

1

2.

Pull out.

Installation

1.

Position the cover so the prongs on the inside of the cover are line up above

2.

their securing slots.

Push the cover in place.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

LEFT SIDE

(1) side cover

76

Servicing Your Honda

(1)

10/09/02 11:32:40 31MFE640 0086 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

The seat must be removed to access the owner’s manual and to maintain the battery.

Removal

1.

Remove the seat mounting bolt A ( )

2

1

2.

Installation

1.

4

2.

Tighten the seat mounting bolts securely.

(4)

(3)

(5)

Seat Removal

(2) (1)

(1) seat mounting bolt A

(2) seat mounting bolts B

(3) seat

(4) tab

(5) frame cross member

Servicing Your Honda

77

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Fuel

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Fuel Recommendation

type pump octane number unleaded

86 (or higher)

Use only unleaded fuel in your Honda.

The use of leaded fuel will damage the catalytic converter(s). If you ride your

Honda in a country where leaded fuel might be available, take precautions to use only unleaded fuel.

Your engine is designed to use any unleaded gasoline that has a pump octane number of 86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations normally display the pump octane number. For information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 203 .

Use of lower octane gasoline can cause persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage. Light pinging experienced while operating under a heavy load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause for concern.

If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load, change brands of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists, consult your dealer.

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Servicing Your Honda

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Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.

Fuel Capacity

Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:

3.70 US gal (14.0 )

The tank should be refilled as soon as possible when the fuel reserve indicator comes on.

Fuel

Refueling Procedure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

(3)

(1)

(1) ignition key

(2) fuel fill cap

1.

(2)

(3) filler neck

2

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

79

10/09/02 11:33:04 31MFE640 0089 

Fuel

2.

3.

Open the fuel fill cap.

Add fuel until the level reaches the

3 overfilling the tank. There should be no fuel in the filler neck.

4.

5.

After refueling, align the latch in the cap with the slot in the filler neck. Push the cap into the filler neck until it snaps and locks.

Remove the ignition key from the cap.

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

80

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine oil quality is a major factor that affects both the performance and the service life of the engine.

Using the proper oil (page 82 ) and filter, and regularly checking, adding, and changing oil will help extend your engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.

Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the engine. Operating the engine with old or dirty oil can damage your engine. Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious damage to the engine and transmission.

Change the engine oil as specified in the maintenance schedule on page 67 .

Engine Oil & Filter

When running in very dusty conditions, oil changes should be performed more frequently than specified in the maintenance schedule.

Servicing Your Honda

81

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Engine Oil & Filter

Oil Recommendation

API classification

SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label

SAE 10W-30 viscosity

(weight)

JASO T 903 standard

MA suggested oil

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA

& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil

(Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil.

Suggested oils are equal in performance to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label.

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Servicing Your Honda

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Your motorcycle does not need oil additives. Use the recommended oil.

Do not use oils with graphite or molybdenum additives. They may adversely affect clutch operation.

Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying a circular API ‘‘energy conserving’’ service label on the container. They may affect lubrication and clutch performance.

Engine Oil & Filter

Other viscosities shown in the following chart may be used when the average temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.

NOT RECOMMENDED OK

Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor based racing oils.

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine Oil & Filter

JASO T 903 standard

The JASO T 903 standard is an index for engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.

There are two classes: MA and MB.

Oil conforming to the standard is labeled on the oil container. For example, the following label shows the MA classification.

(1)

(2)

(1) code number of the sales company of the oil

(2) oil classification

84

Servicing Your Honda

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Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

Engine Oil & Filter

1.

2.

Park your motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3 5 minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure indicator goes off. If the indicator remains on, stop the engine immediately.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick ( ) and wipe it clean.

Hold the motorcycle in an upright position.

Insert the oil fill cap/dipstick until it seats, but don’t screw it in.

(2)

(3)

(1) oil fill cap/dipstick

(2) upper level mark

(3) lower level mark

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

85

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Engine Oil & Filter

7.

8.

9.

Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick and check the oil level.

If the oil is at or near the upper level

2 oil.

If the oil is below or near the lower

3 recommended oil until it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)

Reinstall the oil fill cap/dipstick.

Check for oil leaks.

Changing Engine Oil & Filter

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine oil filter or a filter of equal quality specified for your model.

Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in leaks or engine damage.

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Servicing Your Honda

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This procedure requires mechanical skill and professional tools such as a torque wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a means for disposing of the drained fluid

(page 149 ). If you do not have the skills or the tools, see your dealer.

Drain the Engine Oil:

1.

Park the motorcycle on its side stand on

2.

a firm, level surface.

If the engine is cold, start it and let it

3.

4.

− settle.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase.

To drain the oil, remove the oil fill cap/ dipstick (page

1

85 ), engine oil drain bolt

2

Engine Oil & Filter

LEFT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE

(1)

(2)

(1) engine oil drain bolt

(2) sealing washer

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

87

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Engine Oil & Filter

Install a New Oil Filter:

5.

3

6.

wrench and let the remaining oil drain out. Discard the oil filter in an approved manner (page 149 ).

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 149 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

LEFT REAR, UNDER ENGINE

(3)

(3) oil filter

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:34:14 31MFE640 0098 

7.

Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the

4

(4)

(4) rubber seal

8.

9.

Install the new oil filter and tighten it by hand.

Using an oil filter wrench attachment and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil filter to the specified torque:

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

Engine Oil & Filter

10.

Check the condition of the sealing washer on the engine oil drain bolt.

Replace the washer every other time the oil is changed.

Install the engine oil drain bolt and tighten it to the specified torque:

21 lbf·ft (29 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)

Add Engine Oil:

11.

Fill the crankcase with the recommended oil (page 82 approximately:

),

12.

2.7 US qt (2.6 )

Install the oil fill cap/dipstick securely.

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

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10/09/02 11:34:21 31MFE640 0099 

Engine Oil & Filter

13.

14.

15.

16.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3 5 minutes.

Stop the engine and wait 2 3 minutes.

Hold the motorcycle upright and check that the oil level is at the upper level mark on the oil fill cap/dipstick

(page 85 ).

Check that there are no oil leaks.

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:34:27 31MFE640 0100 

Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system dissipates engine heat through the coolant jacket that surrounds the cylinder and cylinder head.

Maintaining the coolant will allow the cooling system to work properly and prevent freezing, overheating, and corrosion.

Coolant Recommendation

Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines. Check the antifreeze container label.

Coolant

Use only distilled water as a part of the coolant solution. Water that is high in mineral content or salt may be harmful to the aluminum engine.

Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may cause premature wear of water pump seals or blockage of radiator passages.

Using tap water may cause engine damage.

The factory provides a 50/50 solution of antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.

This coolant solution is recommended for most operating temperatures and provides good corrosion protection.

Servicing Your Honda

91

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Coolant

Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze to less than 40% will not provide proper corrosion protection.

Increasing the concentration of antifreeze is not recommended because it decreases cooling system performance. Higher concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%) should only be used to provide additional protection against freezing. Check the cooling system frequently during freezing weather.

Checking & Adding Coolant

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

LEFT SIDE

(4)

(2)

(3)

(1) reserve tank

(2) UPPER level mark

(3) LOWER level mark

(4) reserve tank cap

(1)

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:34:42 31MFE640 0102 

1.

2.

3.

4.

With the engine at normal operating temperature, check the coolant level in

1

2

3

If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant loss is excessive, check for leaks and see your dealer for repair.

4

Always add coolant to the reserve tank.

Do not attempt to add coolant by removing the radiator cap.

Add coolant to the reserve tank as required to bring the coolant level to the

UPPER level mark.

Install the reserve tank cap.

Coolant

Coolant Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Coolant should be replaced by your dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 206 ).

Servicing Your Honda

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Coolant

Removing the radiator cap while the engine is hot can cause the coolant to spray out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and radiator cool down before removing the radiator cap.

To properly dispose of drained coolant, refer to page 149

You & the Environment,

.

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

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Servicing Your Honda

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Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Service the air cleaner more frequently if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Your dealer can help you determine the correct service interval for your riding conditions.

Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified for your model or an air cleaner of equivalent quality.

Using the wrong air cleaner may result in premature engine wear.

Air Cleaner

Proper air cleaner maintenance can prevent premature engine wear or damage, expensive repairs, low engine power, poor gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.

Improper or lack of proper air cleaner maintenance can cause poor perf ormance and premature engine wear.

Servicing Your Honda

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Air Cleaner

Replacement

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

2

3

Discard the air cleaner.

Thoroughly clean the inside of the air

4

Install a new air cleaner.

Install the removed parts in reverse order of removal.

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(3)

(1)

(4)

(1)

(1) bolts

(2) air cleaner housing cover

(3) air cleaner

(4) air cleaner case

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:35:08 31MFE640 0106 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Service the crankcase breather more frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in the rain or often at full throttle. Service the breather if you can see deposits in the transparent section of the drain tube.

Crankcase Breather

Draining

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) crankcase breather tube

1.

2.

3.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase

1

Remove the tube to drain the deposits in it.

Reinstall the crankcase breather tube.

Servicing Your Honda

97

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Final Drive Oil

Oil Recommendation

type viscosity

(weight) hypoid gear oil

SAE 80

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

LEFT REAR

(2)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Place the motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

1

Check the oil level. It should be flush with the lower edge of the oil fill hole

2

If the level is low, check for leaks. Add the recommended oil through the oil fill hole until it reaches the lower edge of the opening.

Install the oil fill cap and tighten to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

(1)

(1) oil fill cap

(2) oil fill hole

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Servicing Your Honda

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Changing Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

LEFT REAR

(2) (4)

(1)

(1) oil drain bolt

(2) oil fill cap

(3) sealing washer

(4) oil fill hole

(3)

Final Drive Oil

Change the oil with the final drive at normal operating temperature to assure complete and rapid draining.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Place the motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

Place a drain pan under the oil drain

1

2

3

After the oil has completely drained, check that the sealing washer is in good condition. Reinstall the oil drain bolt with its sealing washer (or a new washer, if necessary) and tighten it to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

99

10/09/02 11:35:35 31MFE640 0109 

Final Drive Oil

5.

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 149 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

6.

Fill the final drive with the recommended oil:

7.

5.4 US oz (160 cm )

Make sure the final drive oil level is at

4

Install the oil fill cap and tighten to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

100

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:35:47 31MFE640 0110 

Throttle Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(2) (1)

(1) throttle cable boot

(2) adjuster

(3) lock nut

(3)

Throttle

Inspection

Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.

Freeplay:

1/16 − 1/4 in (2 − 6 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Adjustment

1.

1

2.

3.

4.

5.

Loosen the lock nut ( ).

Turn the adjuster.

3

Tighten the lock nut and return the throttle cable boot securely over the adjuster.

After adjustment, check for smooth rotation of the throttle grip from fully closed to fully open in all steering positions.

Servicing Your Honda

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Throttle

Throttle Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

1.

2.

Check that the throttle assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Check for smooth rotation of the throttle from fully open to fully closed in all steering positions. If there is a problem, see your dealer.

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:35:58 31MFE640 0112 

Your motorcycle’s manually activated, wet, multiplate clutch is part of the primary drive system. Proper freeplay adjustment allows a smooth, gradual engagement when shifting gears.

Improper freeplay adjustment can cause premature clutch wear.

Clutch System

Clutch Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(1) clutch lever

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

103

10/09/02 11:36:08 31MFE640 0113 

Clutch System

Inspection

1.

Check freeplay:

3/8 − 13/16 in (10 − 20 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Upper Adjustment

Attempt adjustment with the upper clutch cable adjuster first.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(2)

( − )

( ( ) )

(3)

(2) upper lock nut

(3) upper clutch cable adjuster

(

) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

1.

2.

3.

Turn the upper clutch cable adjuster ( ) to obtain the specified freeplay.

3

Tighten the upper lock nut and check the freeplay again.

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:36:16 31MFE640 0114 

Lower Adjustment

If the upper clutch cable adjuster is threaded out near its limit, or the correct freeplay cannot be obtained, attempt adjustment with the lower clutch cable adjuster.

RIGHT SIDE

(5)

( ( ) )

Clutch System

1.

2.

3.

4.

2

3 the way in (to provide maximum freeplay). Tighten the upper lock nut.

4

5 obtain the specified freeplay.

Tighten the lower lock nut and check the adjustment.

( − )

(4)

(4) lower lock nut

(5) lower adjusting nut

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

Servicing Your Honda

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Clutch System

5.

Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in, and shift into gear. Make sure the engine does not stall and the motorcycle does not creep. Gradually release the clutch lever and open the throttle. Your motorcycle should move smoothly and accelerate gradually.

If you cannot get proper adjustment, or the clutch does not work properly, the cable or clutch friction discs may be worn. See your dealer or refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 206 ).

Other Inspections & Lubrication

Check that the clutch lever assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Check the clutch cable for kinks or signs of wear. If necessary, have it replaced.

Lubricate the clutch cable with a commercially available cable lubricant to prevent premature wear and corrosion.

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:36:32 31MFE640 0116 

Spark Plug Recommendation

standard spark plug for extended high speed riding

DPR7EA − 9 (NGK) or

X22EPR − U9 (DENSO)

DPR8EA − 9 (NGK) or

X24EPR − U9 (DENSO)

Use only the recommended type of spark plugs in the recommended heat range.

Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause engine damage.

Spark Plugs

Spark Plug Inspection &

Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

1.

2.

Clean any dirt from around the spark plug bases.

Take care to avoid damaging the spark plug wire when disconnecting the caps.

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

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10/09/02 11:36:38 31MFE640 0117 

Spark Plugs

3.

Using a spark plug wrench, remove the spark plugs.

LEFT SIDE

4.

5.

Inspect the electrodes and center porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or carbon fouling. If the corrosion or deposits are heavy, replace the plug.

Clean a carbon or wet-fouled plug with a plug cleaner, if available, or a wire brush.

Check the spark plug gap ( ) of each new plug, using a wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is necessary, bend

3

The gap should be:

0.031

− 0.035 in (0.80

− 0.90 mm)

(1)

(1) spark plug cap

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10/09/02 11:36:47 31MFE640 0118 

(2)

(3)

(2) spark plug gap (3) side electrode

6.

With the plug washers attached, thread the spark plugs in by hand to prevent cross-threading.

Spark Plugs

7.

Tighten each spark plug:

If the old plug is good:

1/8 turn after it seats.

If installing a new plug, tighten it twice to prevent loosening: a) First, tighten the plug: b) c)

NGK:

DENSO:

3/4

1/2 turn after it seats.

turn after it seats.

Then loosen the plug.

Next, tighten the plug again:

1/8 turn after it seats.

Improperly tightened spark plugs can damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight, the threads may be damaged.

8.

Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care to avoid pinching any cables or wires.

Servicing Your Honda

109

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Suspension

Your front and rear suspension systems use springs and hydraulic damping devices that suspend your weight and most of the weight of your motorcycle.

The spring pre-load for your rear suspension system adjusts the amount of force required to begin compression of the spring.

The oil damper systems hydraulically control the natural compression and rebound of the suspension springs so that traction and comfort are maintained as the wheels ride over road surfaces.

Consider adjusting your rear suspension pre-load whenever you change your normal load, when adding or subtracting a passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when the road or riding conditions change.

The way you ride your motorcycle and the type of ride you want to experience can also influence your suspension needs.

Lower spring pre-load provides a softer ride and is usually preferred for light loads and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load provides a firmer ride and is recommended for heavy loads, rough road conditions, and faster, more challenging riding.

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Servicing Your Honda

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Rear Suspension Adjustment

The rear suspension can be adjusted for rider (and passenger) weight and riding conditions by changing the spring pre-load.

To adjust, use an appropriable pin spanner or see your dealer.

Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or dispose of the damper; see your dealer.

The instructions found in this owner’s manual are limited to adjustments of the shock assembly only.

Suspension

Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

LEFT REAR (right side similar)

1 2 3 4 5

(1)

(1) pin spanner

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

111

10/09/02 11:37:08 31MFE640 0121 

Suspension

The spring pre-load adjuster has

5 positions for different load or riding conditions.

1 shock spring pre-load.

Position 1: for a light load and smooth road conditions.

Position 2: standard position.

Positions 3 to 5: for when the motorcycle is more heavily loaded. (Also increase spring pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)

Make sure that both shock absorbers are adjusted to the same position.

Always adjust the shock absorber position in sequence (1-2-3-4-5 or 5-4-3-2-1).

Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to 5 or 5 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.

112

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:37:15 31MFE640 0122 

The hydraulic (front) and mechanically activated drum (rear) braking systems on your motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by the friction of the brake pads on the disc (front) and the brake shoes on the drum (rear) as the wheels are slowed.

Hydraulic Front Brake

As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid level will drop. A leak in the system will also cause the level to drop.

Frequently inspect the system to ensure there are no fluid leaks. Periodically inspect the brake fluid level and the brake pads for wear.

Brakes

If the brake lever freeplay does not feel within the normal range while riding, check the brake pads for wear (page 116 ).

Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, there is probably air in the brake system. See your dealer to have the air bled from the system.

Drum Rear Brake

For more information, see page 117 .

Servicing Your Honda

113

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Brakes

Brake Fluid Recommendation

brake fluid

Honda DOT 4 Brake

Fluid

The recommended brake fluid is Honda

DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of equal quality and performance. Use fresh brake fluid from a sealed container. Be sure to read the label before opening the sealed container. An opened container may be contaminated or may have absorbed moisture from the air.

Fluid Level Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

If your inspection indicates a low fluid level, have your dealer add the recommended brake fluid.

Do not add or replace brake fluid, except in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have your dealer check the system as soon as possible.

Brake f luid can damage plastic and painted surf aces. Handle with care.

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:37:30 31MFE640 0124 

Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid brake fluid contact with skin or eyes. If it comes in contact with your eyes, wash them out with clean water and immediately call a doctor. If it comes in contact with your skin, wash with clean water and, if necessary, call a doctor.

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(1) LOWER level mark

Brakes

1.

2.

Place your motorcycle in an upright position on a firm, level surface.

Check the fluid level.

It should be above the LOWER level

1

If the level is at or below the LOWER level mark, check the brake pads for wear (page 116 ).

Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, have your brake system inspected for leaks.

Other Inspections

Make sure there are no fluid leaks.

Check for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.

Servicing Your Honda

115

10/09/02 11:37:37 31MFE640 0125 

Brakes

Brake Pad Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Brake pad wear depends upon the severity of usage, the type of riding, and road conditions. Generally, the pads will wear faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the pads at each regular maintenance interval

(page 68 ).

Front Brake

1 either pad is worn to the cutout, replace both pads as a set. See your dealer for this service.

RIGHT FRONT

(1)

(1) cutouts

116

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:37:47 31MFE640 0126 

Rear Brake Pedal Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Pedal Height Adjustment

The stopper bolt is provided to allow adjustment of the pedal height.

1.

1

2.

Tighten the lock nut.

Inspection

1.

2.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand.

Check freeplay by slowly depressing starts to engage.

Brakes

Freeplay:

13/16 − 1 3/16 in (20 − 30 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

RIGHT FRONT

(2)

(1)

(1) lock nut

(2) stopper bolt

(3)

(3) rear brake pedal

Servicing Your Honda

117

10/09/02 11:37:54 31MFE640 0127 

Brakes

Adjustment

1.

Adjust by turning the rear brake

4

Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting

2.

3.

nut is seated on the brake arm pin ( ).

Apply the brake, release it, and then

5 spin the wheel and check that it rotates freely. Repeat this procedure several times.

Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust the freeplay properly, see your dealer.

RIGHT REAR

( − )

(4)

( ( ) )

(4) rear brake adjusting nut

(5) brake arm pin

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

118

Servicing Your Honda

(5)

10/09/02 11:38:01 31MFE640 0128 

6 to confirm that there is a gap between the rear brake adjusting nut ( ) and the brake

5

4

(6)

Brakes

Other Inspections

Check that the brake pedal assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Make sure the brake rod, brake arm, spring, and fasteners are in good condition.

(4)

(5)

(4) rear brake adjusting nut

(5) brake arm pin

(6) brake arm

After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of the brake pedal.

Servicing Your Honda

119

10/09/02 11:38:09 31MFE640 0129 

Brakes

Brake Shoe Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

The rear brake is equipped with an external brake wear indicator that lets you check brake wear without disassembly.

Application of the brake pedal causes the arrow on the brake arm to move toward a reference mark on the brake panel.

1.

2.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand.

Apply the brake pedal and check the

2

1 brake arm ( ). Replace the brake shoes if the arrow aligns with the reference

3 4 full application of the brake. If replacement is necessary, see your dealer.

RIGHT REAR

(3) (1)

(4)

(1) arrow

(2) brake arm

(2)

(3) reference mark

(4) brake panel

120

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:38:16 31MFE640 0130 

To safely operate your motorcycle, your tires must be the proper type and size, in good condition with adequate tread, and correctly inflated for the load you are carrying.

Using tires that are excessively worn or improperly inflated can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding tire inflation and maintenance.

The following pages give detailed information on how and when to check

Tires

your air pressure, how to inspect your tires for wear and damage, and our recommendations for tire repair and replacement.

Air Pressure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and riding comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are more likely to fail from being overheated. Overinflated tires make your motorcycle ride harshly, are more prone to damage from road hazards, and wear unevenly.

Make sure the valve stem caps are secure.

If necessary, install new caps.

Servicing Your Honda

121

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Tires

We recommend that you visually check your tires before every ride and use an air pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at least once a month or any time you think the tires might be low. Even tires that are in good condition may lose one to two psi per month if not checked and adjusted regularly.

Always check air pressure when your tires are ‘‘cold’’, after the motorcycle has been parked for at least three hours. If you check air pressure when your tires are

‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has only been ridden for a few miles –– the readings will be higher. If you let air out of warm tires to match the recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated.

122

Servicing Your Honda

The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are: front

29 psi (200 kPa , rear

2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa ,

2.00 kgf/cm ) with less than

200 lb (90 kg) of added weight

36 psi (250 kPa ,

2.50 kgf/cm ) with more than

200 lb (90 kg) of added weight

* includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo & all accessories

10/09/02 11:38:33 31MFE640 0132 

Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Whenever you check the tire pressures, you should also look for:

Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire that has a bump or bulge.

Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.

Replace the tire if you can see fabric or cord.

Nails or other foreign objects embedded in the side of the tire or tread.

Excessive tread wear.

Tires

Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road as soon as you safely can and carefully inspect the tires for damage.

Tread Wear

(1)

(2)

(1) wear indicator

(2) wear indicator location mark

Servicing Your Honda

123

10/09/02 11:38:42 31MFE640 0133 

Tires

For the best performance, you should replace a tire before the tread depth at the center reaches the following limits: front 0.06 in (1.5 mm) rear

0.08 in (2.0 mm)

If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.

Tire Service Life

The service life of your tires is dependent on many factors, including, but not limited to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle loading, tire pressure, maintenance history, speed, and environmental conditions (even when the tires are not in use).

In addition to your regular inspections and tire pressure maintenance, it is recommended that you have annual

124

Servicing Your Honda

inspections performed once the tires reach

5 years old. It is also recommended that all tires be removed from service after 10 years from the date of manufacture, regardless of their condition or state of wear.

The last four digits of the TIN (tire identification number) ( ) are found on the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the date of manufacture.

Tire Identification Number (TIN)

The tire identification number (TIN) is a group of numbers and letters that look like the following example. The TIN is located on the sidewall of the tire.

DOT

×××× ××××

(2) (3)

22 07

(4)

10/09/02 11:38:48 31MFE640 0134 

DOT

This indicates that the tire meets all requirements of the U.S. Department of

Transportation.

(2)

×××× −

(3)

(4)

×××× −

22 07

Factory code

Tire type code

Date of manufacture

Year

Week

TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE

(1)

Tires

Tire & Tube Repair

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged. A repaired tube will not have the same reliability as a new one, and it may fail while you are riding. And the tire will have lower speed and performance limits than a new one.

(1) tire identification number (TIN)

Servicing Your Honda

125

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Tires

A temporary repair can sometimes be made in an emergency situation.

However, since a temporary repair may not hold, you must ride very slowly, preferably without any cargo or passenger, and have the tire and tube replaced as soon as possible.

(For more information on temporary repairs, see

If You Have a Flat Tire,

page 158 .)

If you decide to only replace the tube but not the tire, you should not exceed 50 mph

(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph

(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In addition, you may not be able to safely carry as much weight. Repair work should be done by a professional and the wheel should be balanced before you ride.

If you have a tire and tube professionally repaired at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your Honda dealer.

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Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:38:59 31MFE640 0136 

Tire Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page

60

.

The tires that came on your motorcycle were designed to match the performance capabilities of your motorcycle and provide the best combination of handling, braking, durability, and comfort.

When replacing, use the original equipment tires or equivalent tires of the same size, construction, speed rating, and load range as the originals.

Tires

Installing improper tires on your motorcycle can affect handling and stability. This can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always use the size and type of tires recommended in this owner’s manual.

Servicing Your Honda

127

10/09/02 11:39:12 31MFE640 0137 

Tires

The recommended tires for your motorcycle are: front rear

120/90 − 17M/C 64S

DUNLOP D404FG

160/80 − 15M/C 74S or

BRIDGESTONE

CHENG SHIN

G701

M6002 or

DUNLOP D404

BRIDGESTONE

CHENG SHIN bias-ply, tube or

G702

M6011R or type

Whenever you replace a tire, remember:

Have the tire replaced by your dealer if possible.

Have the wheel balanced after the tire is installed.

Have a new tube installed whenever a tire is replaced. The old tube will probably be stretched. If installed in a new tire, it could fail.

If you have a tire professionally replaced at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Important Safety Reminders

Do not install car tires on this motorcycle. During installation the tire may separate from the rim with enough force to cause serious injury or death.

128

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:39:22 31MFE640 0138 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) side stand spring

Check that the side stand assembly is working properly. If the side stand is stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean grease.

Side Stand

2.

3.

4.

Check the spring for damage or loss of tension.

Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:

1.

Sit on the motorcycle and put the transmission in neutral.

Raise the side stand.

Start the engine.

Pull the clutch lever in.

5.

6.

Shift the transmission into gear.

Lower the side stand all the way.

The engine should stop as you lower the side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop, see your dealer for service.

Servicing Your Honda

129

10/09/02 11:39:29 31MFE640 0139 

Battery

Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check the battery electrolyte level or add distilled water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.

Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type and can be permanently damaged if the cap strip is removed.

Electrical accessories use current from the battery, even when the ignition is OFF.

Limited operation also allows the battery to discharge. If you have electrical accessories on your motorcycle or do not ride frequently, we recommend that you charge the battery frequently (see

Battery

Charging,

page 134 ).

130

Servicing Your Honda

If you do not expect to ride your motorcycle for at least two weeks, we recommend you remove the battery, or at least disconnect the battery cables

(negative cable first).

If you plan to store your motorcycle, see

Battery Storage,

page 131 .

If your battery seems weak and/or is leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting or other electrical problems), see your dealer.

WARNING:

compounds.

handling.

Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead

Wash your hands after

10/09/02 11:39:36 31MFE640 0140 

Battery Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

If you plan to store your motorcycle, we recommend you remove the battery and store it where it can be charged at least every 30 days to maintain its service life.

If you do not remove the battery, we recommend disconnecting the battery cables (negative cable first).

You will get the best storage results from removing the battery and slow charging it every 30 days (see page 134 ).

Battery Charging,

Battery

Before you remove the battery, be sure to read all the information that follows, as well as the information on the battery label.

The battery gives off explosive hydrogen gas during normal operation.

A spark or flame can cause the battery to explode with enough force to kill or seriously hurt you.

Wear protective clothing and a face shield, or have a skilled mechanic do the battery maintenance.

Servicing Your Honda

131

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Battery

2.

3.

4.

The battery is located in the battery box below the seat.

Removal

1.

Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.

Remove the seat (page 77 ).

Remove the plastic storage bag.

Remove the battery cover ( ) by

2

1

UNDER SEAT

(1) (2)

5.

6.

Disconnect the negative ( ) terminal

3

Disconnect the positive ( ) terminal

4

UNDER SEAT

(4)

(1) battery cover

(2) screw

132

Servicing Your Honda

(3) (5)

(3) negative ( − ) terminal lead

(4) positive ( + ) terminal lead

(5) battery

10/09/02 11:39:54 31MFE640 0142 

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

Pull the battery ( ) out of the battery box.

5

Charge the battery (see following section), unless you have been riding regularly.

Store your battery in an easy-to-reach location off the floor, in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight.

Clean the battery box after removing the battery for storage. Dry the battery box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the area.

Slow charge the battery (see following section) once every 30 days.

Battery

Installation

1.

Reinstall the battery in the reverse order of removal. Be sure to connect the

2.

Check all bolts and other fasteners are secure.

Servicing Your Honda

133

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Battery

Battery Charging

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

(1)

(1) charger

Be sure to read the information that came with your battery charger and follow the instructions on the battery. Improper charging may damage the battery.

1 designed specifically for your Honda, which can be purchased from your dealer.

These units can be left connected for long periods without risking damage to the battery. However, do not intentionally leave the charger connected longer than the time period recommended in the charger’s instructions.

Avoid using an automotive-type battery charger. An automotive charger can overheat a motorcycle battery and cause permanent damage.

134

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:40:09 31MFE640 0144 

Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your Honda looking newer longer.

Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an owner who values your motorcycle. A clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect and service.

General Recommendations

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

To clean your motorcycle, you may use:

− water

− a mild, neutral detergent and water

− a mild spray and wipe cleaner/ polisher

− a mild spray and rinse cleaner/ degreaser and water

Appearance Care

Avoid products that contain harsh detergents or chemical solvents that could damage the metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle is still warm from recent operation, give the engine and exhaust system time to cool off.

Park in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause the finish to fade because water droplets intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting is also more likely because surface water can dry before you have time to wipe it off.

Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect surface finishes.

Servicing Your Honda

135

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Appearance Care

We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your motorcycle. High pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

High pressure water (or air) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and brake fluid).

136

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:40:21 31MFE640 0146 

Washing Your Motorcycle with a

Mild Detergent

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

1.

2.

3.

Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with cool water to remove loose dirt.

Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild, neutral detergent, such as dish washing liquid or a product made especially for washing motorcycles or automobiles.

Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a soft towel. As you wash, check for heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.

Appearance Care

4.

5.

6.

After washing, rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with plenty of clean water to remove any residue. Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.

Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a soft towel. Leaving water on the surface to air dry can cause dulling and water spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and scratches.

Start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. The engine heat will help dry moist areas.

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

137

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Appearance Care

7.

As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at a slow speed and apply the brakes several times. This will help dry the brakes and restore normal braking performance.

Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Avoid using spray cleaner products on the tires or suspension components.

Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s) follow:

138

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:40:35 31MFE640 0148 

Motorcycle Condition

Dust and fingerprint smudges.

Light road grime.

Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake dust.

Dull, corroded chrome or aluminum.

Appearance Care

Recommended Cleaning

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.

Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.

Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.

If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Servicing Your Honda

139

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Appearance Care

Clean the Matte Painted Surface

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

Use a soft cloth or sponge, plenty of water, and a mild detergent to clean the matte paint. Dry with a soft, clean cloth.

Do not use polishing compounds or wax containing polishing compounds. These can damage or discolor the paint.

To keep your Honda looking new, clean and polish it frequently.

140

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:40:47 31MFE640 0150 

Finishing Touches

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

After washing your motorcycle, consider using a commercially available spray cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the polish or wax according to the instructions on the container.

If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped or scratched, your dealer has touch-up paint to match your motorcycle’s color. Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color code

(page 184 ) when you buy touch-up paint.

Appearance Care

If the frame has a chip that exposes the metal, first apply primer (to prevent corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint are better than one thick coat.

Servicing Your Honda

141

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142

Servicing Your Honda

10/09/02 11:40:55 31MFE640 0152 

Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store and transport your Honda, and how to be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Tips

Storing Your Honda ...........................

Transporting Your Motorcycle ..........

.

.

You & the Environment .....................

.

144

148

149

Tips

143

10/09/02 11:41:03 31MFE640 0153 

Storing Your Honda

If you won’t be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and correct any problem before storing it. That way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get your motorcycle running again.

For more information about storage, refer to the

Honda Winter Storage Guide,

available from your dealer (USA only).

We suggest you perform the following procedures to keep your motorcycle in top condition. These storage procedures will reduce the deterioration that can occur during storage.

Preparation for Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

1.

2.

3.

Change the engine oil and filter

(page 86 ).

Make sure the cooling system is filled with a 50/50% antifreeze solution

(page 91 ).

Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap is properly installed.

144

Tips

10/09/02 11:41:11 31MFE640 0154 

4.

To prevent rusting in the cylinders, perform the following:

Remove the spark plug caps from the spark plugs. Using tape or string, secure the caps to any convenient plastic body part so that they are positioned away from the spark plugs.

Remove the spark plugs from the engine and store them in a safe place.

Do not connect the spark plugs to the spark plug caps.

Pour a tablespoon (15 20 cc) of clean engine oil into each cylinder and cover the spark plug holes with a piece of cloth.

Storing Your Honda

5.

6.

7.

With the engine stop switch in the

RUN position, press the start button several times to crank the engine and distribute the oil.

Reinstall the spark plugs and spark plug caps.

Remove the battery and charge it fully.

Store it in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight. Slow charge the battery

(page 134 ) once a month.

Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all painted surfaces (except matte painted surfaces). Apply rust-inhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.

Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures (page 121 ).

Tips

(cont’d)

145

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Storing Your Honda

8.

9.

10.

Store your motorcycle in an unheated area, free of dampness, away from sunlight, with a minimum of daily temperature variation.

Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift both tires off the floor.

Cover your motorcycle with a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar non-breathing, coated materials that restrict air flow and allow heat and moisture to accumulate.

146

Tips

10/09/02 11:41:24 31MFE640 0156 

Storing Your Honda

Removal from Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Uncover and clean your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than four months –– change the engine oil (page 86 ).

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than two months –– ask your dealer to drain and replace the fuel.

Charge the battery (page 134 ) as required. Install the battery.

Perform a pre-ride inspection (page then test-ride your motorcycle at low

33 ), speeds.

Tips

147

10/09/02 11:41:28 31MFE640 0157 

Transporting Your Motorcycle

If your motorcycle needs to be transported, it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer, or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do not tow your motorcycle, as towing can seriously damage the transmission.

When contacting a towing or transporting service, be sure to ask if they have a flatbed area, a loading ramp or power ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and motorcycle tie-down straps.

148

Tips

10/09/02 11:41:33 31MFE640 0158 

Owning and riding a motorcycle can be enjoyable, but you must do your part to protect nature.

Following are tips on how you can be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Choose Sensible Cleaners.

Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning solvents away; see the following guidelines for proper disposal.

You & the Environment

Recycle Wastes.

It’s illegal and thoughtless to put used engine oil in the trash, down a drain, or on the ground.

Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and cleaning solvents contain poisons that can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans. Before changing your oil, make sure you have the proper containers. Put oil and other toxic wastes in separate sealed containers and take them to a recycling center. Call your local or state office of public works or environmental services to find a recycling center in your area, and to get instructions on how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.

Tips

149

10/09/02 11:41:35 31MFE640 0159 

150

Tips

10/09/02 11:41:44 31MFE640 0160 

This section discusses the more common problems that can occur with your motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells you how to evaluate each problem and what actions you can take to try to resume riding. If the problem cannot be safely solved, this section also gives instructions on the proper way to have your motorcycle transported.

For information about transporting your motorcycle, see page 148 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines .............................

If Your Engine Quits or

.

Won’t Start .........................................

If You Have a Flat Tire ......................

.

.

If Your Engine Overheats ..................

If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator

.

Lights ..................................................

If a Fuse Blows

If You Crash

...................................

.......................................

.

.

.

If You Lose Your Key .......................

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ......

.

.

152

153

158

170

172

173

178

179

180

Taking Care of the Unexpected

151

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is the best way to reduce the possibility of having a problem on the road.

Remember to take along your owner’s manual, the tool kit that came with your motorcycle, and any other items (such as tire repair supplies and additional tools) that might help you solve a problem on your own.

Should you ever have a problem while riding, please follow these guidelines:

Always put personal safety first.

Take time to assess the situation and your options before deciding what to do.

If the problem is relatively minor and you have the tools, supplies, and skills to make a temporary repair, be sure to have permanent repairs made as soon as possible.

Do not continue riding if you are hurt or your motorcycle is not in safe riding condition.

Additional recommendations for specific problems follow.

152

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10/09/02 11:41:56 31MFE640 0162 

Proper operation and maintenance can prevent starting and engine performance problems. In many cases, the cause of the problem may be a simple operational oversight.

If you have a problem starting the

− may help you. If you can’t correct the problem, see your dealer.

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as you press the start button. If you don’t hear the starter motor turning, refer to the

Starter motor doesn’t operate

symptom. If you can hear the starter motor working normally, refer to the

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start

symptom.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

153

10/09/02 11:42:10 31MFE640 0163 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor doesn’t operate.

POSSIBLE CAUSE ignition switch OFF engine stop switch OFF

WHAT TO DO

Turn the ignition switch ON.

Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.

transmission not in neutral side stand down (when transmission not in neutral) blown fuse

Shift into neutral.

Put the transmission in neutral or raise the side battery lead loose low (or dead) battery faulty starter motor stand and pull the clutch lever in.

Replace with a new fuse of the same rating

(page 173 ).

Tighten the battery lead.

Charge the battery (page 134 ). If charging doesn’t help, see your dealer.

If all possible causes are negative, the starter motor may be faulty. See your dealer.

154

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:42:20 31MFE640 0164 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO out of fuel flooded engine loose or unconnected spark plug caps

Fill the fuel tank.

See F looded Engine (page 43 ).

Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine still won’t start, see your dealer.

loose battery cables weak battery

Tighten the battery terminal bolts.

Charge the battery (page 134 ). If charging doesn’t help, see your dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

155

10/09/02 11:42:34 31MFE640 0165 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO side stand down Raise the side stand. Start again.

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly.

POSSIBLE CAUSE idles roughly, too fast, stalls overheating low oil pressure runs erratically, misfires

See your dealer.

WHAT TO DO

Check the high coolant temperature indicator.

Refer to If Y our Engine Over heats, page 170 .

Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If the Low Oil Pr essur e Indicator Lights, page

172

.

May damage catalytic converters.

blubbers (rich fuel mixture)

See your dealer.

See your dealer.

156

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:42:44 31MFE640 0166 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO sooty exhaust (rich fuel mixture)

See your dealer.

detonates or pings under load afterfires (backfires)

If applicable, switch to the recommended octane gasoline (page 78 ) or change your brand of gasoline. If the problem persists, see your dealer.

May damage catalytic converters.

See your dealer.

pre-ignition (runs on after ignition switched OFF)

May damage catalytic converters.

See your dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

157

10/09/02 11:42:49 31MFE640 0167 

If You Have a Flat Tire

A flat tire is always unwelcome, especially if you are far from help. If you think you are losing air, or you hit a pothole or hard object, pull safely to the side of the road so you can inspect the tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to park on a firm, level surface and use the side stand for support.) You should examine the tire treads and sidewalls for foreign objects or damage.

If a tire has major damage or the bead has come loose from the rim, there is probably not much you can do except have your motorcycle transported to your dealer or other qualified service facility. Even with a simple puncture, this may be the safest and least troublesome solution. For transporting instructions, see page 148 .

158

Taking Care of the Unexpected

Honda does not recommend that you make a temporary repair to a tube-type tire.

However, if you decide to make a temporary repair so you can get to a service facility, ride cautiously at reduced speed and have the tube and tire replaced before you ride again.

10/09/02 11:42:54 31MFE640 0168 

Riding your motorcycle with a temporary tire or tube repair can be risky. If the temporary repair fails, you can crash and be seriously injured or killed.

If you must ride with a temporary tire repair, ride slowly and carefully and do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) until the tire and tube are replaced.

Due to the uncertainty of any temporary repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably without a passenger or cargo) until the tire and tube are replaced. Stop frequently and

If You Have a Flat Tire

check the air pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect the handling of your motorcycle

(especially with a passenger and cargo) and it may overheat and blow out.

Should You Repair or Replace a

Tire or Tube?

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire or tube that is punctured or damaged, even if the tire has only a minor puncture. For a full discussion of repairs and replacement, see the text beginning on page 127 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

159

10/09/02 11:43:02 31MFE640 0169 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Emergency Front Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

2.

Raise the front wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine.

160

Taking Care of the Unexpected

3.

Loosen the right and left axle pinch

1

RIGHT FRONT

(2)

(1)

(1) axle pinch bolts

(2) front axle bolt

10/09/02 11:43:10 31MFE640 0170 

4.

Remove the front axle shaft ( ), wheel, and side collar.

3

LEFT FRONT

If You Have a Flat Tire

Installation

1.

Install the side collar and position the wheel between the fork legs. Insert the front axle shaft from the left side, through the left fork leg and wheel hub.

To avoid damaging the brake pads, carefully fit the brake disc ( ) between the pads.

4

(3)

(1)

(1) axle pinch bolts

(3) front axle shaft

Avoid pressing the brake lever when the wheel is off the motorcycle. This will force the caliper pistons out of the cylinders. The result will be loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will require service. See your dealer for this service.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

161

10/09/02 11:43:19 31MFE640 0171 

If You Have a Flat Tire

2.

5

6 of the fork leg.

LEFT FRONT

(5)

(6)

(5) index line (6) recessed surface

3.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left fork leg to the specified torque:

4.

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

Tighten the front axle bolt to the specified torque:

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

162

Taking Care of the Unexpected

5.

6.

Operate the front brake and pump the fork several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

If the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake bracket

( ) (not the brake pads) are symmetrical, follow next step.

If the clearances are not symmetrical, loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull the left fork outward or push inward to adjust the clearance. Then follow the next step.

10/09/02 11:43:25 31MFE640 0172 

7.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right fork leg to the specified torque:

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

Visually check that the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake bracket (not the brake pads) are symmetrical.

(7) (7)

If You Have a Flat Tire

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

(4)

(4) brake disc

(7) brake bracket

Taking Care of the Unexpected

163

10/09/02 11:43:33 31MFE640 0173 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Emergency Rear Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 60 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Muffler Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

2.

Raise the rear wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine.

164

Taking Care of the Unexpected

3.

Remove the right footpeg ( ) by

2

1

3

RIGHT SIDE

(3)

(1)

(4)

(1) right footpeg

(2) footpeg bolt A

(2)

(3) footpeg bolt B

(4) footpeg nut

10/09/02 11:43:41 31MFE640 0174 

4.

RIGHT SIDE

If You Have a Flat Tire

5.

6.

Remove the muffler bracket bolts ( )

7

6

Remove the mufflers.

RIGHT SIDE

(6)

(5)

(5) exhaust pipe joint nuts

(7)

(6) muffler bracket bolts

(7) muffler bracket nuts

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

165

10/09/02 11:43:49 31MFE640 0175 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Wheel Removal

7.

8

8.

10

9 brake arm ( ) by pushing down on the rear brake pedal.

Disconnect the brake stopper arm ( 11 )

9.

from the brake panel by removing the cotter pin ( 12 ), stopper arm nut ( washer and rubber grommet.

13 ),

Remove the axle holding bolt ( 14 ).

RIGHT REAR

(10)

(9)

(8)

(14)

(15)

(11) (13) (12)

(8) rear brake adjusting nut

(9) brake rod

(10) brake arm

(11) brake stopper arm

(12) cotter pin

(13) stopper arm nut

(14) axle holding bolt

(15) rear axle shaft

166

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:43:59 31MFE640 0176 

10.

11.

12.

13.

While holding the other end of the rear

15

16

Pull the rear axle shaft out and remove the side collar.

Move the wheel to the right to separate it from the final drive gear case.

Remove the wheel.

LEFT REAR

(16)

If You Have a Flat Tire

Wheel Installation

Before installing the wheel, check that the wheel hub and final drive gear splines are coated with molybdenum disulfide paste

(USA only: Pro Honda Moly 60 Paste, or equivalent).

1.

Position the wheel between the swingarm and the final drive gear case.

Be sure the splines on the wheel hub fit

2.

3.

into the final drive gear case.

Install the side collar into the brake panel.

Insert the rear axle shaft from the right side, through the right swingarm, brake panel, wheel hub and final drive gear case.

(16) rear axle nut

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

167

10/09/02 11:44:08 31MFE640 0177 

If You Have a Flat Tire

4.

Reassemble the brake stopper arm.

Tighten the stopper arm nut to the specified torque:

5.

6.

7.

8.

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

Connect the brake rod to the brake arm.

Install the rear brake adjusting nut.

Adjust the rear brake pedal freeplay

(page 117 ).

Tighten the rear axle nut to the specified torque:

9.

65 lbf·ft (88 N·m , 9.0 kgf·m)

Tighten the axle holding bolt to the specified torque:

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)

10.

After installing the wheel, apply the brake several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

Used cotter pins may not effectively secure fasteners. Always replace used cotter pins with new ones.

168

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:44:17 31MFE640 0178 

Muffler Installation

11.

Reinstall the mufflers.

Before installing the muffler, replace the muffler gasket with a new gasket.

Tighten the nuts and bolts to the specified torques: exhaust pipe joint nut:

18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m) muffler bracket bolt:

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)

12.

muffler bracket nut:

32 lbf·ft (44 N·m , 4.5 kgf·m)

Reinstall the right footpeg.

Tighten the nut and bolts to the specified torque: footpeg bolt A, B and nut:

29 lbf·ft (39 N·m , 4.0 kgf·m)

If You Have a Flat Tire

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

169

10/09/02 11:44:23 31MFE640 0179 

If Your Engine Overheats

Normally, the temperature of the coolant in the cooling system will rise to a level about midway between cold and boiling.

Hot weather may cause the temperature to rise higher than normal. So will temporary stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the temperature may climb some, but the radiator fan is designed to prevent overheating. Be aware of these variations.

If the high coolant temperature indicator

(page 13 ) comes on for no apparent reason, pull safely to the side of the road.

If possible, park in a shady area.

Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.

A steaming engine indicates a coolant leak. Shut the engine off and wait until the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but don’t touch the engine or radiator system. Let everything cool off first.

If there’s no obvious problem, leave the engine on so the fan and coolant circulating system can continue working. Monitor the high coolant temperature indicator. The indicator may turn off after a brief stop with no load on the engine.

170

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:44:28 31MFE640 0180 

Check the radiator fan.

If the fan is not working, turn the engine off. Open the fuse box

(page 175 ) and check the radiator fan fuse. If the fuse is blown, replace it with the proper (same rating) spare fuse.

Start the engine. If the high coolant temperature indicator comes on and stays on, turn the engine off.

If the radiator fan is working, visually check the coolant level in the reserve tank, located just behind the crankcase.

It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator system.

If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t ride without adding coolant (page 92 ).

After adding coolant, turn the engine on and check the high coolant temperature indicator.

If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not

If Your Engine Overheats

ride. The engine needs repair. Transport your motorcycle to your dealer

(page 148 ).

If the temperature drops to normal, check the coolant level. If it has gone down, add more coolant.

If you are able to resume riding, continue to monitor the high coolant temperature indicator frequently.

If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for awhile, carefully watching the high coolant temperature indicator. Be prepared to stop and add more coolant or water. If the leak is bad, transport your motorcycle to your dealer (page 148 ).

Taking Care of the Unexpected

171

10/09/02 11:44:35 31MFE640 0181 

If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights

If you check your engine oil level regularly, you should never see the low oil pressure indicator while riding. Normally, it will only light momentarily when you turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally, it may flicker at or near idling speed.

Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil leak, a low oil level, or some problem in the engine’s lubrication system.

If the indicator comes on while you’re riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.

Continuing to ride with low oil pressure can cause serious engine damage.

Check for an oil leak.

Then check the oil level. If necessary, add the recommended oil (page 82 ) to the upper level mark. If you must leave your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as much as possible.

After adding oil, start the engine, and check that the low oil pressure indicator goes off. Check for a possible leak.

If the indicator goes off and there is no leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak –– do not ride the motorcycle until the leak is repaired by your dealer.

172

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:44:44 31MFE640 0182 

All of the electrical circuits on your motorcycle have fuses to protect them from damage caused by excess current flow (short circuit or overload).

If something electrical on your motorcycle stops working, the first thing you should check for is a blown fuse.

Determine from the chart on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control that component. Check those fuses first, but check all the fuses before looking elsewhere for another possible cause of the problem. Replace any blown fuses and check component operation.

If a Fuse Blows

The main fuse and spare fuse are located on the starter magnetic switch behind the right side cover.

The circuit fuse box (including spare fuses) is located behind the right side cover.

Recommended Fuses main fuse

FI fuse other fuses

30 A

15 A

20 A, 10 A

1.

To prevent an accidental short circuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before checking or replacing the fuses.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

173

10/09/02 11:44:53 31MFE640 0183 

If a Fuse Blows

Main Fuse Access:

2.

To access the main fuse, remove the

3.

right side cover (page 76 ).

1 and disconnect the wire connector ( ) of the starter magnetic switch.

2

4.

5.

6.

Pull the main fuse ( ) out. If it is blown

5 fuse ( ).

176

3

), install the spare main

Reconnect the wire connector and install the starter magnetic switch.

Install the right side cover.

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(3)

(4)

(1) starter magnetic switch

(2) wire connector

(3) main fuse

(4) spare main fuse

(1)

174

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:45:04 31MFE640 0184 

If a Fuse Blows

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(4)

(6)

FI Fuse Access:

2.

To access FI fuse, remove the right side cover (page

1

76 box cover ( ).

) and open the FI fuse

3.

4.

5.

Pull the FI fuse ( ) out. If it is blown

5 176

2

), install the spare FI fuse

3

Close the FI fuse box cover.

Install the right side cover.

Circuit Fuse Access:

2.

To access the circuit fuses, remove the right side cover (page 76 ).

3.

4.

Open the fuse box cover ( 4 ).

To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out of its retaining clips.

Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.

5 176 ), replace it with a spare fuse ( ) of the same rating.

6

(2)

(3)

(1) FI fuse box cover

(2) FI fuse

(3) spare FI fuse

(4) fuse box cover

(6) spare fuses

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

175

10/09/02 11:45:12 31MFE640 0185 

If a Fuse Blows

If you do not have a replacement fuse with the proper rating for the circuit, install one with a lower rating.

Replacing a f use with one that has a higher rating greatly increases the chance of damage to the electrical system.

(5)

MAIN FUSE FI FUSE

CIRCUIT FUSE

(5) blown fuse

5.

6.

Close the fuse box cover.

Install the right side cover.

176

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:45:17 31MFE640 0186 

If you do not have a spare fuse and you cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing the problem, take a fuse of the same rating or a lower rating from one of the other circuits that you can do without temporarily.

If you replace a blown fuse with a spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can. Also remember to replace any spare fuses that were installed.

If the replacement fuse of the same rating burns out in a short time, there is probably a serious electrical problem on your motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that circuit and have your motorcycle checked by your dealer.

If a Fuse Blows

Taking Care of the Unexpected

177

10/09/02 11:45:22 31MFE640 0187 

If You Crash

Personal safety is your first priority after a crash. If you or anyone else has been injured, take time to assess the severity of the injuries and whether it is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency assistance if needed. Also follow applicable laws and regulations if another person or vehicle is involved in the crash.

If you decide that you are capable of riding safely, first evaluate the condition of your motorcycle. If the engine is still running, turn it off and look it over carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and secure such parts as the handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.

If there is minor damage, or you are unsure about possible damage, ride slowly and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not immediately apparent, so you should have your motorcycle thoroughly checked at a qualified service facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure to have your dealer check the frame and suspension after any serious crash.

If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see

Transporting Your Motorcycle,

page 148 .

178

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:45:26 31MFE640 0188 

Be sure to record your key number in the

Quick Reference section at the rear of the manual. You’ll need this number to have a duplicate key made.

A lost key won’t be a problem if you take preventative action. Store one duplicate key in a safe place at home and carry a second duplicate in your wallet.

If You Lose Your Key

If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a duplicate, either get your spare or have one made. If you don’t know your key number, call the dealer where you purchased your Honda. They may have it listed in their records. If they don’t, transport your motorcycle to them or the nearest dealer. The dealer will probably have to remove the ignition switch assembly to find the key number so they can make a key for you.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

179

10/09/02 11:45:30 31MFE640 0189 

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)

Jump starting is not recommended, especially if you use an automobile battery.

The greater amperage of an automobile battery when the car engine is running can damage your motorcycle’s electrical system.

Bump starting is also not recommended.

If you can’t charge the battery or it appears unable to hold a charge, contact your dealer.

180

Taking Care of the Unexpected

10/09/02 11:45:37 31MFE640 0190 

This section contains dimensions, capacities, and other technical data, plus information on government requirements and how to break-in your motorcycle.

Technical Information

Vehicle Identification .........................

Specifications .....................................

.

.

Break-in Guidelines ...........................

Emission Control Systems .................

.

.

Catalytic Converters ...........................

Oxygenated Fuels ...............................

.

.

182

185

193

194

201

203

Technical Information

181

10/09/02 11:45:42 31MFE640 0191 

Vehicle Identification

Serial Numbers

The VIN and engine serial number are required when you register your motorcycle. They may also be required when ordering replacement parts. You may record these numbers in the Quick

Reference section at the rear of this manual.

The VIN (vehicle identification number) is stamped on the right side of the steering head and also appears on the Safety

Certification Label attached to the right side of the frame.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) VIN

182

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:45:48 31MFE640 0192 

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

Vehicle Identification

3 right side of the rear cylinder.

RIGHT SIDE

(3)

(2) VIN

(3) engine number

Technical Information

183

10/09/02 11:45:53 31MFE640 0193 

Vehicle Identification

Color Label & Code

frame behind the left side cover. Remove the left side cover (page 76 ) to check the label.

The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

LEFT SIDE

(1) color label

(1)

184

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:46:01 31MFE640 0194 

Dimensions

overall length overall width overall height wheelbase ground clearance

94.3 in (2,395 mm)

32.5 in (825 mm)

42.9 in (1,090 mm)

64.6 in (1,640 mm)

5.1 in (130 mm)

Specifications

Technical Information

185

10/09/02 11:46:12 31MFE640 0195 

Specifications

Fuel & Lubricants

fuel recommendation fuel tank capacity engine oil capacity engine oil recommendation final drive oil capacity cooling system, recommendation cooling system, capacity unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher

3.70 US gal (14.0 ) including reserve after disassembly: after draining:

3.4 US qt (3.2 )

2.6 US qt (2.5 ) after draining & oil filter change: 2.7 US qt (2.6 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil after draining: 5.4 US oz (160 cm )

Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines

2.07 US qt (1.96 )

186

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:46:27 31MFE640 0196 

Specifications

Capacities

passenger capacity maximum weight capacity

Operator and one passenger

401 lb (182 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Engine Specifications

displacement bore & stroke compression ratio spark plug (standard) spark plug (high speed riding)

45.4 cu-in (745 cm )

3.11

× 2.99 in (79.0

× 76.0 mm)

9.6 : 1

DPR7EA − 9 (NGK)

DPR8EA − 9 (NGK) or or

X22EPR

X24EPR

U9 (DENSO)

U9 (DENSO) spark plug gap valve clearance

(cold)

0.031

− 0.035 in (0.80

− 0.90 mm) intake: exhaust:

0.006 in (0.15 mm)

0.008 in (0.20 mm) idle speed 1,200 ± 100 rpm (no adjustment)

Technical Information

187

10/09/02 11:46:38 31MFE640 0197 

Specifications

Power Transmission

primary reduction secondary reduction final reduction gear ratio, 1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th final drive

1.763

0.868

3.090

2.400

1.550

1.173

0.960

0.851

shaft

188

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:46:51 31MFE640 0198 

Specifications

Chassis & Suspension

caster trail

34°00’

6.3 in (161 mm) tire size, front 120/90 − 17M/C 64S

DUNLOP D404FG

BRIDGESTONE or

G701 tire size, rear tire type tire pressure, front

(cold) tire pressure, rear

(cold) or

CHENG SHIN M6002

160/80 − 15M/C 74S

DUNLOP D404

BRIDGESTONE or

G702 or

CHENG SHIN bias-ply, tube

M6011R

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) −

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) − with less than 200 lb

(90 kg) of added weight with more than 200 lb

(90 kg) of added weight

Technical Information

189

10/09/02 11:47:06 31MFE640 0199 

Specifications

Electrical

battery generator

12 V − 11.2 Ah (10HR)

0.399 kW/5,000 rpm

Lights

headlight brake/tail light turn signal lights license light high beam indicator fuel reserve indicator turn signal indicator

12 V − 60/55 W

12 V − 21/5 W

12 V − 21/5 W (front)

12 V − 21 W (rear)

12 V − 5 W

12 V − 3.4 W

12 V − 3.4 W

12 V − 3.4 W

Fuses

main fuse

FI fuse other fuses

30 A

15 A

20 A, 10 A

190

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:47:18 31MFE640 0200 

Torque Specifications

engine oil drain bolt engine oil filter final drive oil drain

21 lbf·ft (29 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m) bolt final drive filler cap

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m) front wheel axle bolt front wheel axle pinch bolts rear brake stopper

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m) arm nut rear wheel axle nut rear wheel axle holding bolt

65 lbf·ft (88 N·m , 9.0 kgf·m)

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)

Specifications

Technical Information

191

10/09/02 11:47:25 31MFE640 0201 

Specifications

Torque Specifications

exhaust pipe joint 18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m) nut muffler bracket bolt muffler bracket nut footpeg bolt A, B and nut

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)

32 lbf·ft (44 N·m , 4.5 kgf·m)

29 lbf·ft (39 N·m , 4.0 kgf·m)

192

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:47:29 31MFE640 0202 

Break-in Guidelines

Help assure your motorcycle’s future reliability and performance by paying extra attention to how you ride during the first 300 miles (500 km).

During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and rapid acceleration.

Technical Information

193

10/09/02 11:47:34 31MFE640 0203 

Emission Control Systems

Exhaust Emission Requirements

The U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC) require that your motorcycle comply with applicable exhaust emissions standards during its useful life, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

The Vehicle Emission Control

1 2 the left side of the frame.

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(2)

(1) vehicle emission control information label

(2) vehicle emission control information label (Canada only)

194

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:47:38 31MFE640 0204 

Noise Emission Requirements

The EPA also requires that motorcycles built after January 1, 1983 comply with applicable noise emission standards for one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

Warranty Compliance

Compliance with the terms of the

Distributor’s Warranties for Honda

Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is necessary in order to keep the emissions system warranty in effect. (USA only)

Emission Control Systems

Source of Exhaust Emissions

The combustion process produces carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.

Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various systems to reduce carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.

Technical Information

195

10/09/02 11:47:43 31MFE640 0205 

Emission Control Systems

Exhaust Emission Control System

The exhaust emission control system includes a secondary air injection system, an ignition timing control system, a

PGM-FI system and two oxidation catalytic converters.

No adjustment to these systems should be made although periodic inspection of the components is recommended.

Programmed Fuel Injection (PGM-FI)

System

The PGM-FI system has four subsystems:

Air Intake, Engine Control, Fuel Control, and Exhaust Control.

The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses various sensors to determine how much air is going into the engine. It then controls how much fuel is injected under all operating conditions.

Ignition Timing Control System

The system constantly adjusts the ignition timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO and NOx produced.

196

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:47:47 31MFE640 0206 

Secondary Air Injection System

The secondary air injection system introduces filtered air into the exhaust gases in the exhaust port. The secondary air injection system helps improve emission control performance.

Oxidation Catalytic Converters

The oxidation catalytic converters are in the exhaust system. Through chemical reactions, they convert HC and CO in the engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO ) and water vapor.

2

Emission Control Systems

Evaporative Emission Control System

(California only)

This motorcycle complies with the requirements of the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank is directed into the charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is absorbed and stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the purge control solenoid valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine through the throttle body.

Technical Information

197

10/09/02 11:47:52 31MFE640 0207 

Emission Control Systems

Crankcase Emission Control System

The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.

Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the intake manifold.

Problems That May Affect Motorcycle

Exhaust Emissions

If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda motorcycle dealer.

Symptoms:

1.

Hard starting or stalling after starting

2.

3.

4.

5.

Rough idle

Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration

After-burning (backfiring)

Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy

198

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:47:58 31MFE640 0208 

Noise Emission Control System

TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE

CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:

U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian provincial laws may prohibit the following

1 removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;

2 device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.

Emission Control Systems

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED

TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE

THE FOLLOWING ACTS:

1.

Removal of, or puncturing the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other component which conducts exhaust

2.

3.

4.

gases.

Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the intake system.

Lack of proper maintenance.

Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those specified by the manufacturer.

Technical Information

199

10/09/02 11:48:02 31MFE640 0209 

Emission Control Systems

Fuel Permeation Emission Control

System

This vehicle complies with the Fuel

Permeation Emission Control regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC). The fuel tank, fuel hoses, and fuel vapor charge hoses used on this vehicle incorporate fuel permeation control technologies.

Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses, or fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or defeat the effectiveness of the fuel permeation technologies is prohibited by federal regulations.

200

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:48:05 31MFE640 0210 

This motorcycle is equipped with oxidation catalytic converters. Each catalytic converter contains precious metals that serve as catalysts, promoting chemical reactions to convert the exhaust gasses without affecting the metals.

Catalytic converters act on HC and CO.

Replacement parts must be original Honda parts or equivalents.

Catalytic Converters

The catalytic converters must operate at high temperature for the chemical reactions to take place. They can set fire to any combustible materials that come near them. Park your motorcycle away from high grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.

Technical Information

201

10/09/02 11:48:08 31MFE640 0211 

Catalytic Converters

Defective catalytic converters contribute to air pollution, and can impair your engine’s performance. Follow these guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s catalytic converters.

Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a small amount of leaded gasoline can contaminate the catalyst metals, making the catalytic converters ineffective.

Keep the engine in good running condition.

A poorly running engine can cause the catalytic converter to overheat causing damage to the converter or the motorcycle.

If your engine is misfiring, backfiring, stalling, or otherwise not running properly, stop riding and turn off the engine. Have your motorcycle serviced as soon as possible.

202

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:48:15 31MFE640 0212 

Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States and Canada use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.

If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating requirement.

Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/ provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.

Oxygenated Fuels

The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:

ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.

MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

15% MTBE by volume.

Technical Information

203

10/09/02 11:48:21 31MFE640 0213 

Oxygenated Fuels

METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)

5% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing methanol containing up to 5% methanol by volume as long as it also contains cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by volume may cause starting and/or performance problems. It may also damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts of your fuel system.

If you notice any undesirable operating symptoms, try another service station or switch to another brand of gasoline.

Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of oxygenates mentioned above are not covered under warranty.

Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.

Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is not covered by warranty.

204

Technical Information

10/09/02 11:48:28 31MFE640 0214 

This section contains information on your warranty and how to get an official Honda

Service Manual.

Consumer Information

Authorized Manuals

Warranty Coverage

...........................

............................

.

.

Warranty Service ................................

Contacting Honda ...............................

.

.

Your Honda Dealer ............................

The Honda Rider’s Club

.

(USA only)

Reporting Safety Defects

(USA only)

.........................................

.........................................

.

.

206

209

210

211

212

213

214

Consumer Information

205

10/09/02 11:48:35 31MFE640 0215 

Authorized Manuals

The Service Manual used by your authorized dealer is available from Helm, Inc. (USA only,

Canada: See your dealer to order authorized manuals.)

Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service

Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.

These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.

Publication Item No.

61MFE51

61CM002

2011 VT750C2B Service Manual

Common Service Manual

Description

31MFE640 2011 VT750C2B Owner’s Manual

Pr ices ar e subject to change without notice and without incur r ing obligation.

Price Each

$64.95

$49.95

$16.95

206

Consumer Information

10/09/02 11:48:44 31MFE640 0216 

Order On-Line: www.helminc.com

Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93

(1-888-292-5393)

(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)

Monday

Friday 8:00 AM

6:00 PM EST

OR

By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the back of this order form (USA only).

Canada: See your dealer to order authorized manuals.

Publication

Item No.

Item Description Qty.

Price

Each

Total

Price

Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.

Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for delivery.

Sub Total

Purchaser’s Sales Tax

Mich. add 6 %

Calif. add 8.25 %

Handling Charge

Grand Total

$3.75

Consumer Information

207

10/09/02 11:48:58 31MFE640 0217 

M

E

N

T

P

A

Y

S

H

I

P

T

O

NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.

Attention Customer Name

Street address/P. O. BOX

State

Apartment Number

Zip Code City

Daytime Telephone Number

( )

Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.

U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.

Account Number MasterCard

VISA

Security Code

Discover

Customer Signature

Check here if your billing address is different from the shipping address shown above.

Expiration: Mo. Yr.

Date

These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. For returns, a restocking fee may be applied against the original order.

HELM

P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207

208

Consumer Information

10/09/02 11:49:05 31MFE640 0218 

Your new Honda is covered by these warranties:

Motorcycle Limited Warranty

Emission Control System Warranty

Noise Control Warranty

There are responsibilities, restrictions, and exclusions which apply to these warranties.

Please read the Warranties Booklet given to you by your Honda dealer at the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda owner’s card with your Warranties

Booklet (USA only).

It is important to realize that your warranty applies to defects in material or workmanship of your Honda. Your warranty coverage does not apply to normal wear or deterioration associated with using the motorcycle.

Warranty Coverage

Your warranty coverage will not be voided if you choose to perform your own maintenance. However, you should have the proper tools and service information and be mechanically qualified. Failures that occur due directly to improper maintenance are not covered.

Almost all of your warranty coverage can be extended through the Honda Protection

Plan (USA only). For more information, see your Honda dealer.

Consumer Information

209

10/09/02 11:49:10 31MFE640 0219 

Warranty Service

Please remember that recommended maintenance interval servicing is not included in your warranty coverage.

Additionally, your warranty does not apply to the normal wear of items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).

If you believe you have a problem with your motorcycle, call the service department of your Honda dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection and diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize that inspection. Your dealer will give you the results of the inspection. If the problem is covered under warranty, your dealer will perform the warranty repairs for you.

If you have questions about warranty coverage or the nature of the repair, it is best to talk to the Service Manager of your

Honda dealer.

Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, a misunderstanding may occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling of the situation, we suggest you discuss your problem with the appropriate member of the dealership’s management team. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service

Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc., contact the Owner of the dealership or their designated representative.

210

Consumer Information

10/09/02 11:49:17 31MFE640 0220 

Your owner’s manual was written to cover most of the questions you might ask about your Honda. Any questions not answered in the owner’s manual can be answered by your dealer. If your dealer doesn’t have the answer right away, they will get it for you.

If you have a difference of opinion with your dealer, please remember that each dealership is independently owned and operated. That’s why it’s important to work to resolve any differences at the dealership level.

If you wish to comment on your experiences with your Honda or with your dealer, please send your comments to the following address (USA only):

Contacting Honda

Motorcycle Division, American Honda

Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,

CA 90509-2200, Mailstop: 100-4C-7B,

Telephone: (866) 784-1870.

Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet that was supplied with your vehicle.

Please include the following information in your letter: name, address, and telephone number product model, year, and VIN date of purchase dealer name and address

We will likely ask your dealer to respond, or possibly acknowledge your comments directly.

Consumer Information

211

10/09/02 11:49:23 31MFE640 0221 

Your Honda Dealer

Once you purchase your new Honda, get familiar with the organization of your

Honda dealer so you can utilize the full range of services available.

The service department is there to perform regular maintenance and unexpected repairs. It has the latest available service information from Honda. The service department will also handle warranty inspections and repairs.

The parts department offers Honda

Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products,

Honda Genuine Accessories (USA only), and Honda accessories and products

(Canada only). The same quality that went into your Honda can be found in Honda

Genuine replacement parts. You’ll also find comparable quality in the accessories

212

Consumer Information

and products available from the parts department.

The sales department offers the Honda

Protection Plan to extend almost all of your warranty coverage (USA only).

Your Honda dealer can inform you about competition and other riding events in your area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a source of information about safety training available in your local area and the Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA only).

We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service your Honda dealer continues to provide after the sale as you are with the quality and dependability of your Honda.

10/09/02 11:49:26 31MFE640 0222 

The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)

You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s

Club of America (HRCA) membership with the purchase of your new Honda.

You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse website for details at

www.hrca.honda.

com.

Consumer Information

213

10/09/02 11:49:30 31MFE640 0223 

Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration

(NHTSA) in addition to notifying

American Honda Motor Co., Inc.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However,

NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,

Inc.

To contact NHTSA, you may call the

Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at

1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-

9153); go to

http://www.saf ercar.gov

; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA,

1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,

Washington, DC 20590.

You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from

http://www.saf ercar.gov.

214

Consumer Information

10/09/02 11:49:33 31MFE640 0224 

Consumer Information

215

10/09/02 11:49:37 31MFE640 0225 

Index

A

accessories ...............................................

. 5 air cleaner ...............................................

air pressure, tires ..................................

. 95

. 121

American Honda, contacting apparel, protective appearance care

...............

...................................

. 211

.................................

. 30

. 135 authorized manuals ..............................

. 206

B

bank angle sensor battery brakes,

..................................

..................................................

. 43

. 130 fluid ..................................................

pad wear ...........................................

. 114

. 116 rear brake pedal freeplay .................

shoe wear .........................................

. 117

. 120

216

Index

braking ...................................................

break-in guidelines ..............................

. 47

. 193 button, odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset ....

. 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

C

capacity, fuel .........................................

. 79 care, appearance ..................................

. 135 catalytic converters ..............................

. 201 cleaning, appearance care clock, digital

...................

..............................

. 135

. 17, 19, 22 clutch system color label compartment,

.......................................

............................................

. 103

. 184 owner’s manual tool kit

.................................

................................................

. 75

. 74 consumer information controls & features

.........................

. 205

................................

. 25

10/09/02 11:49:42 31MFE640 0226  coolant ....................................................

crankcase breather .................................

. 91

. 97 customer service ..................................

. 211

D

defects, reporting safety (USA only) . 214 digital clock display,

...............................

. 17, 19, 22 check ..................................................

odometer/tripmeter/

. 15 digital clock drive, final

...........................

. 13, 17, 19

..............................................

. 98

Index

E

emission control systems .....................

. 194 engine, flooded ...............................................

. 43 low oil pressure number oil

................................

.............................................

. 172

. 183

.......................................................

. 81 overheats pinging

..........................................

. 170

...............................................

. 78 starting ...............................................

stop switch .........................................

. 42

. 26 stopping ..............................................

won’t start environment

........................................

.........................................

. 44

. 153

. 149

Index

217

10/09/02 11:49:48 31MFE640 0227 

Index

F

final drive ...............................................

. 98 flat tire ..................................................

flooded engine

. 158

.......................................

. 43 fuel, oxygenated .......................................

recommendation

. 203

................................

. 78 reserve indicator tank capacity

..........................

. 13, 18

......................................

. 79 fuses .....................................................

. 173

G

gap, spark plug .....................................

. 108 gasohol gasoline

.................................................

. 203

..................................................

. 78 gauges, indicators & displays ................

. 13

218

Index

H

headlight dimmer switch .......................

. 27 helmet holder .........................................

high beam indicator .........................

. 51

. 13, 16 high coolant temperature indicator

Honda,

...................................

. 13, 17, 170 contacting dealer

........................................

................................................

. 211

. 212

Rider’s Club .....................................

Honda service manual .........................

. 213

. 206 horn button .............................................

. 28

10/09/02 11:49:54 31MFE640 0228 

I

identification, vehicle ..........................

. 182 ignition cut-off system, bank angle ..........................................

. 43 side stand ...................................

ignition switch

. 41, 129

.......................................

indicators ................................................

. 25

. 13 inspection, pre-ride ................................

. 33

K

key, lost kit, tool

................................................

. 179

...................................................

. 74

L

labels, safety lamp check

............................................

.............................................

. 7

. 14

Index

limit, weight ...........................................

load limits ..............................................

. 37

. 37 loading guidelines ..................................

lock, steering ..........................................

. 37

. 50 low oil pressure indicator ........

. 13, 18, 172

M

maintenance, component locations ..........................

importance .........................................

. 71

. 58 periodic record

..............................................

.................................................

. 62

. 69 safety ..................................................

schedule manual,

.............................................

. 59

. 64 authorized service

........................................

..............................................

. 206

. 206

Index

(cont’d)

219

10/09/02 11:49:59 31MFE640 0229 

Index

maximum weight limit modifications

..........................

. 37

...........................................

. 6

N

neutral indicator ...............................

. 13, 18 numbers, serial .....................................

. 182

O

odometer ....................................

. 13, 17, 21 odometer/tripmeter/digital clock select and reset button .......

. 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 oil, engine .................................................

final drive ..........................................

. 81

. 98 low pressure .........................

operation component locations

. 13, 18, 172

.............

. 10 overheat, engine ...................................

owner’s manual storage

. 170

.........................

. 75

220

Index

oxygenated fuels ..................................

. 203

P

parking ...................................................

PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp

. 49

(MIL) ...............................................

pinging, engine plugs, spark

. 13, 16

......................................

. 78

..........................................

. 107 pre-load, rear suspension pre-ride inspection

.....................

. 111

.................................

. 33 problems, unexpected protective apparel

..........................

. 151

..................................

. 30

10/09/02 11:50:04 31MFE640 0230 

R

removal, seat .....................................................

side cover ...........................................

. 77

. 76 reporting safety defects (USA only) . 214 rider training ......................................

Rider’s Club, Honda

...

. 3, 32

............................

. 213 riding, basic operation ...................................

. 39 clothing ..............................................

. 30 precautions .........................................

. 40 safety ....................................................

safety precautions with passenger or cargo

. 2

..............................

. 40

.....................

. 53

Index

S

safety, important precautions labels

........................

. 60

....................................................

. 7 reporting defects (USA only) riding precautions schedule, maintenance

..........

. 214

..............................

...........................

. 40

. 64 seat removal ...........................................

sensor, bank angle .................................

. 77

. 43 serial numbers service,

......................................

. 182 customer manuals warranty

...........................................

............................................

...........................................

. 211

. 206

. 210 shifting gears .........................................

. 45 side cover removal .................................

. 76

Index

(cont’d)

221

10/09/02 11:50:09 31MFE640 0231 

Index

side stand .............................................

.

. 129 spark knock spark plugs

............................................

...........................................

. 78

. 107 specifications speedometer

.......................................

.....................................

. 185

. 13, 16 stand, side start button starting,

............................................

. 129

.............................................

. 26 engine .................................................

troubleshooting ................................

. 41

. 153 steering lock ...........................................

stop switch, engine ................................

. 50

. 26 stopping engine storage, motorcycle

......................................

.......................................

. 44

. 144 owner’s manual tool kit

.................................

................................................

. 75

. 74 suspension, rear suspension adjustment .............

. 111

222

Index

rear suspension spring pre-load .......

. 111 switch, engine stop .........................................

headlight dimmer ...............................

. 26

. 27 ignition ...............................................

turn signal ..........................................

. 25

. 27

T

theft prevention tips ...............................

throttle ..................................................

. 52

. 101 tire identification no. (TIN) .................

tires,

. 124 air pressure flat replacing

.......................................

....................................................

..........................................

. 121

. 158

. 127 tool kit ....................................................

training, rider .....................................

. 74

. 3, 32 transporting your motorcycle ..............

. 148

10/09/02 11:50:14 31MFE640 0232  tripmeter ..............................

trouble, unexpected

. 13, 17, 19, 21

.............................

. 151 troubleshooting, starting turn signal indicator

......................

.........................

. 153

. 13, 16

V

Index

W

warranty, coverage ...........................................

extended ...........................................

. 209

. 209 service ..............................................

washing your motorcycle weight limit

. 210

....................

. 137

............................................

. 37 wheels, front removal rear removal

...................................

.....................................

. 160

. 164

Index

223

10/09/07 18:45:10 31MFE640 0233 

Quick Reference

The following is a brief, but important collection of information you need to know about your Honda. You’ll also find space to record important notes.

How to Avoid Costly Repairs

The engine of your Honda can be the most expensive component to repair. Proper maintenance, especially the use of the recommended fluids and filters, prevents premature wear and damage.

Frequent causes of costly repairs are:

Engine oil –– insufficient quantity, improper oil.

Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of improper installation (poor seal).

Record important information on the following page:

Quick Reference

10/09/07 18:45:13 31MFE640 0234 

VIN

Engine No.

Ignition Key No.

Color Label

Owner’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Dealer’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Service Mgr.

Quick Reference

Quick Reference

10/09/07 18:45:23 31MFE640 0235 

Quick Reference

Scheduled

Maintenance

Pre-ride

Inspection

Periodic

Checks

Fuel/Capacity

Engine Oil

Maximum

Weight

Capacity

Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)

Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)

Check the following items each time before you ride (page 33 ): tires & wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.

Check the following items monthly (page 62 ): tires & wheels, fluids, lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.

unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher

3.70 US gal (14.0 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label,

SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent

401 lb (182 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

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10/09/07 18:45:38 31MFE640 0236 

Tires

Tire Pressure

(cold)

Spark Plugs

Coolant

Fuses

Final Drive Oil

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Front:

120/90 − 17M/C 64S DUNLOP D404FG or

BRIDGESTONE

CHENG SHIN

G701

M6002 or

Rear:

160/80 − 15M/C 74S DUNLOP D404 or

BRIDGESTONE

CHENG SHIN

G702

M6011R or

Type:

Front:

Rear: bias-ply, tube

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) with less than 200 lb (90 kg) of added weight

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) with more than 200 lb (90 kg) of added weight standard:

DPR7EA

9 (NGK) or X22EPR

U9 (DENSO) high speed riding:

DPR8EA − 9 (NGK) or X24EPR − U9 (DENSO) ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50 solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water main:

FI:

30 A

15 A other:

20 A, 10 A

Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80

Quick Reference

10/09/07 18:45:47 31MFE640 0237 

Quick Reference

These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:

SYMBOL COMPONENT

START button

RUN

− engine stop switch

OFF

− engine stop switch

HI

− headlight dimmer switch

LO

− headlight dimmer switch turn signal switch horn button

SEE PAGE

26

26

26

27

27

27

28

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