WAGO-Software

WAGO-Software
WAGO-Software
Manual
2759-0101
e!COCKPIT
Version 1.0.1
2
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
© 2015 by WAGO Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG
All rights reserved.
WAGO Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG
Hansastraße 27
D-32423 Minden
Phone:
Fax:
+49 (0) 571/8 87 – 0
+49 (0) 571/8 87 – 1 69
E-Mail:
[email protected]
Web:
http://www.wago.com
Technical Support
Phone:
Fax:
+49 (0) 571/8 87 – 5 55
+49 (0) 571/8 87 – 85 55
E-Mail:
[email protected]
Every conceivable measure has been taken to ensure the accuracy and
completeness of this documentation. However, as errors can never be fully
excluded, we always appreciate any information or suggestions for improving the
documentation.
E-Mail:
[email protected]
We wish to point out that the software and hardware terms as well as the
trademarks of companies used and/or mentioned in the present manual are
generally protected by trademark or patent.
Manual
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Table of Contents
3
Table of Contents
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
Notes about this Documentation ................................................................. 7
Scope of Validity....................................................................................... 7
Copyright................................................................................................... 7
Symbols ..................................................................................................... 8
Number Notation ..................................................................................... 10
Font Conventions .................................................................................... 10
2
Important Notes ......................................................................................... 11
2.1
Legal Bases ............................................................................................. 11
2.1.1
Subject to Changes ............................................................................. 11
2.1.2
Personnel Qualification ...................................................................... 11
2.2
Safety Advice (Precautions) .................................................................... 12
3
Overview ..................................................................................................... 13
4
4.1
Requirements.............................................................................................. 15
System Requirements .............................................................................. 15
5
Licenses ....................................................................................................... 16
6
Installation .................................................................................................. 17
7
7.1
7.2
7.3
Starting........................................................................................................ 18
Purchasing a License ............................................................................... 19
Activating the License............................................................................. 19
Activating Automatic Updates ................................................................ 21
8
Graphical User Interface ........................................................................... 22
8.1
Start View (Projects and Templates)....................................................... 22
8.2
Main View (Configuring, Parameterization, Programming) .................. 24
8.2.1
Quick Access Toolbar ........................................................................ 25
8.2.2
Menu Ribbon ...................................................................................... 26
8.2.2.1
“START” Tab ................................................................................ 26
8.2.2.2
“VIEW” Tab .................................................................................. 30
8.2.2.3
“NETWORK” Tab ......................................................................... 32
8.2.2.4
“DEVICE” Tab .............................................................................. 34
8.2.2.5
“PROGRAM” Tab ......................................................................... 36
8.2.2.6
“DEBUG” Tab ............................................................................... 42
8.2.2.7
“I/O CHECK” Tab ......................................................................... 46
8.2.2.8
Other Tabs ..................................................................................... 48
8.2.3
Workspace .......................................................................................... 49
8.2.3.1
General Operating Elements .......................................................... 50
8.2.3.2
General Status Display for Connections ........................................ 50
8.2.3.3
“Network/Devices” Workspace ..................................................... 53
8.2.3.3.1
Network View ........................................................................... 54
8.2.3.3.1.1
Tiles ...................................................................................... 55
8.2.3.3.1.2
Connectors ............................................................................ 57
8.2.3.3.1.3
Network/Bus Connections.................................................... 59
8.2.3.3.2
Fieldbus-Specific Configurators ............................................... 60
8.2.3.3.2.1
MODBUS Configurator ....................................................... 61
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8.2.3.3.2.2
CANopen Configurator ........................................................ 66
8.2.3.3.2.3
PROFIBUS Configurator ..................................................... 80
8.2.3.3.3
Device Detail View ................................................................... 84
8.2.3.3.3.1
I/O Mapping ......................................................................... 87
8.2.3.4
“Programming” Workspace ........................................................... 89
8.2.3.4.1
Program Editor .......................................................................... 90
8.2.3.4.2
Library Manager ....................................................................... 91
8.2.3.4.3
Task Configuration ................................................................... 93
8.2.3.4.4
“PLC_Task” Main Task ............................................................ 94
8.2.3.4.5
Breakpoints ............................................................................... 97
8.2.3.4.6
Call Stack .................................................................................. 97
8.2.3.4.7
Cross Reference List ................................................................. 98
8.2.3.5
User-Defined Workspaces ............................................................. 99
8.2.3.6
Panels ........................................................................................... 100
8.2.3.6.1
Device Structure ...................................................................... 101
8.2.3.6.2
Program Structure ................................................................... 102
8.2.3.6.3
Product Catalog ....................................................................... 105
8.2.3.6.4
Settings .................................................................................... 108
8.2.3.6.5
Message Bar and Message Window ....................................... 110
8.2.3.6.6
Other Panels ............................................................................ 111
8.2.3.6.7
Status Bar ................................................................................ 111
8.3
Backstage View (Files and Settings)..................................................... 112
8.3.1
“New” Page ...................................................................................... 113
8.3.2
“Open” Page ..................................................................................... 114
8.3.3
“Save” and “Save As” Page ............................................................. 115
8.3.4
“Print” Page ...................................................................................... 116
8.3.5
“Import/Export” Page ....................................................................... 117
8.3.6
“Project Settings” Page..................................................................... 119
8.3.7
“Product Catalog” Page .................................................................... 120
8.3.8
“Options” Page ................................................................................. 122
8.3.9
“Help” Page ...................................................................................... 124
9
Operating .................................................................................................. 126
9.1
Working with the User Interface ........................................................... 126
9.1.1
Using Online Help ............................................................................ 126
9.1.1.1
Calling Up Online Help ............................................................... 127
9.1.1.2
Search .......................................................................................... 127
9.1.2
Using Panels ..................................................................................... 128
9.1.2.1
Opening and Closing Panels ........................................................ 128
9.1.2.2
Docking, Floating and Grouping Panels ...................................... 128
9.1.2.3
Docking and Floating the Main View ......................................... 130
9.1.2.4
Using Multiple Selection ............................................................. 130
9.1.3
Using Workspaces ............................................................................ 133
9.1.3.1
Opening the “Network/Devices” Workspace .............................. 133
9.1.3.2
Opening the “Programming” Workspace .................................... 136
9.1.3.3
Using User-Defined Workspaces ................................................ 137
9.1.3.3.1
Creating a Workspace ............................................................. 137
9.1.3.3.2
Editing a Workspace ............................................................... 138
9.1.3.3.3
Deleting a Workspace ............................................................. 138
9.1.3.3.4
Restoring a Workspace ........................................................... 139
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9.1.4
Using Key Combinations ................................................................. 140
9.1.4.1
General ......................................................................................... 140
9.1.4.2
“START” Tab .............................................................................. 140
9.1.4.3
“PROGRAM” Tab ....................................................................... 140
9.1.4.4
“DEBUG” Tab ............................................................................. 141
9.2
Using Projects ....................................................................................... 142
9.2.1
Creating a New Project ..................................................................... 142
9.2.2
Opening an Existing Project ............................................................. 142
9.2.2.1
Opening the Project with an Obsolete Device Description ......... 143
9.2.3
Saving a Project ................................................................................ 145
9.2.3.1
Saving Projects Automatically .................................................... 145
9.2.3.2
Restoring Projects after a Software/Hardware Crash .................. 146
9.3
Configuration and Parameterization ..................................................... 147
9.3.1
Offline Configuration ....................................................................... 147
9.3.1.1
Adding Devices in the Project ..................................................... 147
9.3.2
Online Configuration ........................................................................ 148
9.3.2.1
Scanning the Network and Devices ............................................. 148
9.3.2.2
Scanning the Modules of Several Devices .................................. 153
9.3.2.3
Connecting and Disconnecting Devices ...................................... 154
9.3.3
Parameterizing Devices .................................................................... 155
9.3.3.1
Parameterizing Devices via the “Settings” Panel ........................ 156
9.3.3.2
Using Device-Specific Configurators .......................................... 157
9.3.3.3
Uploading and Downloading Parameters .................................... 158
9.3.4
Configuring Networks ...................................................................... 159
9.3.4.1
Creating a Simple MODBUS Network ....................................... 159
9.3.4.2
Creating a Simple CANopen Network ........................................ 166
9.3.4.3
Creating a Simple PROFIBUS Network ..................................... 171
9.4
Testing ................................................................................................... 177
9.4.1
Performing an Input/Output Test for Digital Input/Output
Modules ............................................................................................ 177
9.4.2
Performing a Systematic Input/Output Test (I/O CHECK) ............ 177
9.5
Programming ......................................................................................... 181
9.5.1
Creating Libraries ............................................................................. 184
9.5.2
Adding Libraries ............................................................................... 185
9.5.3
Creating Programs ............................................................................ 187
9.5.4
Performing I/O Mapping .................................................................. 188
9.5.5
Compiling an Application ................................................................ 190
9.5.6
Excluding Programs for Compiling.................................................. 191
9.5.7
Debugging an Application................................................................ 192
9.5.8
Simulating an Application ................................................................ 193
9.5.9
Creating Visualizations .................................................................... 194
9.5.10
Connecting........................................................................................ 197
9.5.11
Downloading Applications to the Device......................................... 198
9.5.12
Importing CODESYS 2 and CODESYS 3 Projects ......................... 199
9.5.13
Importing/Exporting Program Elements .......................................... 202
9.6
Setting and Managing ........................................................................... 204
9.6.1
Documenting and Printing a Project................................................ 204
9.6.2
Managing Devices ............................................................................ 205
9.6.2.1
Adding Devices ........................................................................... 205
9.6.2.2
Deleting Devices .......................................................................... 206
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9.6.2.3
9.6.2.4
9.6.2.5
9.6.2.6
9.6.3
9.6.4
9.6.4.1
9.6.4.2
9.6.5
9.7
9.7.1
9.7.1.1
9.7.1.2
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Displaying Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions of a
Device .......................................................................................... 207
Showing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions of
Several Devices ........................................................................... 207
Replacing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions ............... 208
Replacing Older Versions Automatically .................................... 210
Performing Updates .......................................................................... 211
Archiving .......................................................................................... 213
Creating an Archive ..................................................................... 213
Opening an Existing Archive....................................................... 214
Deinstalling....................................................................................... 215
Interfaces ............................................................................................... 216
smartDESIGNER ............................................................................. 216
Importing a Project from smartDESIGNER................................ 217
Exporting a Project for smartDESIGNER ................................... 217
List of Figures .................................................................................................... 218
List of Tables ...................................................................................................... 223
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Notes about this Documentation
Notes about this Documentation
Always retain this documentation!
This documentation is part of the product. Therefore, retain the documentation
during the entire service life of the product. Pass on the documentation to any
subsequent user. In addition, ensure that any supplement to this documentation is
included, if necessary.
Note about working with this documentation!
Please read the “Overview” section, it is an introduction to the software and
provides a general description of functions. The following sections describe
program installation and launch. Next, familiarize yourself with the e!COCKPIT
graphical user interface. The subsequent sections contain operating instructions
for using the software.
</dg_
1.1
Scope of Validity
This documentation applies to the “e!COCKPIT” software.
1.2
Copyright
This Manual, including all figures and illustrations, is copyright-protected. Any
further use of this Manual by third parties that violate pertinent copyright
provisions is prohibited. Reproduction, translation, electronic and phototechnical
filing/archiving (e.g., photocopying) as well as any amendments require the
written consent of WAGO Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG, Minden, Germany.
Non-observance will involve the right to assert damage claims.
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1.3
Notes about this Documentation
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Symbols
Personal Injury!
Indicates a high-risk, imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
Personal Injury Caused by Electric Current!
Indicates a high-risk, imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
Personal Injury!
Indicates a moderate-risk, potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
Personal Injury!
Indicates a low-risk, potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may
result in minor or moderate injury.
Damage to Property!
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
damage to property.
Damage to Property Caused by Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)!
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
damage to property.
Important Note!
Indicates a potential malfunction which, if not avoided, however, will not result in
damage to property.
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Notes about this Documentation
Additional Information:
Refers to additional information which is not an integral part of this
documentation (e.g., the Internet).
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10
1.4
Notes about this Documentation
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Number Notation
Table 1: Number Notation
Number Code
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Binary
1.5
Example
100
0x64
'100'
'0110.0100'
Note
Normal notation
C notation
In quotation marks, nibble separated with
dots (.)
Font Conventions
Table 2: Font Conventions
Font Type Indicates
italic
Names of paths and data files are marked in italic-type.
e.g.: C:\Program Files\WAGO Software
Menu items are marked in bold letters.
Menu
e.g.: Save
A greater-than sign between two names means the selection of a
>
menu item from a menu.
e.g.: File > New
Designation of input or optional fields are marked in bold letters,
Input
e.g.: Start of measurement range
“Value”
Input or selective values are marked in inverted commas.
e.g.: Enter the value “4 mA” under Start of measurement range.
Pushbuttons in dialog boxes are marked with bold letters in square
[Button]
brackets.
e.g.: [Input]
Keys are marked with bold letters in square brackets.
[Key]
e.g.: [F5]
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Important Notes
11
Important Notes
This section describes the legal principles and system requirements for using the
software in compliance with intended purpose, underlying provisions and stated
specifications.
2.1
Legal Bases
2.1.1
Subject to Changes
WAGO Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG reserves the right to provide for any
alterations or modifications that serve to increase the efficiency of technical
progress. WAGO Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG owns all rights arising from
the granting of patents or from the legal protection of utility patents. Third-party
products are always mentioned without any reference to patent rights. Thus, the
existence of such rights cannot be excluded.
2.1.2
Personnel Qualification
Any steps related to the use of WAGO software may only be performed by
qualified employees with sufficient knowledge of handling the respective PC
system used.
Steps in which files are created or changed on the PC system may only be
performed by qualified employees with sufficient knowledge in the administration
of the PC system used in addition to the aforementioned.
Steps in which the behavior of the PC system in a network is changed may only
be performed by qualified employees with sufficient knowledge in the
administration of the network used in addition to the aforementioned.
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2.2
Important Notes
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Safety Advice (Precautions)
Use up-to-date security software!
Secure operation of the PC system can be at risk as a result of malware such a
viruses and Trojans, as well as related threats such as denial-of-service attacks.
Therefore, make sure that the latest security software and definitions are always
installed on the PC system.
Disable or uninstall software that is no longer required!
The vulnerability of a PC system against malware and related threats increases
with the number of installed or active software components (applications and
services). Therefore, uninstall or disable software components that are not needed
for the purpose at hand.
</dg_
Check the runtime system if access problems occur!
To access devices from e!COCKPIT, e!RUNTIME must be set in your device as
the runtime system. In the event of access problems, check the device settings
with your tool (hardware dependent) or from the Web-based management system.
</dg_
Adjust the screen resolution if necessary!
The CODESYS programming environment in e!COCKPIT is optimized for a
screen resolution of 96 DPI. If editors are displayed out of focus, you may be
using a different resolution. To adjust the resolution:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Right-click on the desktop.
Click Customize.
Click Display.
Select “100%.”
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Overview
13
Overview
e!COCKPIT is an integrated development environment with seamless data
retention for all automation tasks:
•
Hardware configuration and parameterization
Hardware component configuration is an essential element of automation
applications. All devices are configured so that the controller software produces
optimum results during runtime. Controllers, fieldbus couplers/controllers,
modules, input and output devices, as well as their communication relations can
be configured.
Integrated configurators assist with device and network configuration using
standard operating procedures: For example, it is possible to arrange devices in
the project via Drag & Drop, use Copy & Paste to quickly multiply individual
devices or entire network branches, or set parameter values for multiple devices
simultaneously.
Besides the organization of devices in a tree structure, e!COCKPIT also enables
the graphical display of a network topology – in the Network view – as a display
form. This makes it possible to monitor complex interrelationships between
devices and their current statuses. The network topology is likewise used for
configuring different communication protocols. e!COCKPIT simplifies
connecting controllers to fieldbuses.
Fieldbus-specific device description files (e.g., EDS), device drivers and libraries
allow systems from other suppliers to be integrated into the topology along with
WAGO devices. As such, the software has information on device specifications,
i.e., device data or supported functions.
•
Programming with integrated e!RUNTIME
e!COCKPIT integrates the e!RUNTIME programming software that is based on
CODESYS 3. This enables software development in the standard IEC 61131-3
programming languages: Structured text (ST), ladder diagram (LD), function
block diagram (FBD), instruction list (IL), sequential function chart (SFC) and
“Continuous Function Chart” (CFC). For flexibility, all programming languages
can be combined with one another. Created programs can be checked easily via
simulations on the development PC. Existing programs can be reused and further
developed.
•
Visualization (operation and monitoring)
e!COCKPIT uses Drag & Drop to streamline user interfaces for the operation and
visualization of a plant. The integrated visualization editor offers direct access to
the program's variables in order to simulate the human machine interface (HMI)
and PLC program on the PC.
Using Unicode and the latest standards, such as HTML 5 or CSS, also prevents
dependency on particular languages and target systems.
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Overview
•
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Diagnostics for target-oriented development and commissioning
Whether in the office for development or at the machine for commissioning:
Knowing the current, detailed status of the automation network is vital in order to
obtain, audit and enable rapid fault localization and debugging. e!COCKPIT
offers powerful diagnostic options for this purpose: Error messages are displayed
immediately. Through the structured wiring test function, erroneous wiring can be
systematically identified.
•
Other useful functions
e!COCKPIT comes with an extensive range of IEC libraries. The software also
offers several convenience functions, such as automatic updates, context-sensitive
menus or user-defined workspaces.
References to the e!RUNTIME programming environment!
Setting options in e!COCKPIT resulting from the integrated e!RUNTIME and
CODESYS programming environment are described in the online help feature.
Opening the online help in e!COCKPIT will also display the CODESYS
documentation in the tree view next to the e!COCKPIT documentation. Individual
setting windows or names within the CODESYS documentation may differ from
how they are shown in e!COCKPIT.
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Requirements
4.1
System Requirements
Requirements
15
Table 3: System Requirements
Components
Requirements
Operating System
Windows 7/Windows 8
Memory
Min. 2 GB
Free hard disk storage
850 MB (x86) or 2 GB (x64) for .Net 4.5 and 3 GB for e!COCKPIT
Processor
Core2 Duo CPU or newer
Screen resolution
1,366 x 768 pixels
Miscellaneous
Network card, standard web browser with Java support, keyboard and
mouse or touch screen
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5
Licenses
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Licenses
e!COCKPIT software is protected by licensing mechanisms.
For productive, unlimited software usage, a license is required, and is available by
email or phone from WAGO Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG after purchasing
the software.
The software can also be used fully without a license key for 30 days. This trial
period only includes the days of actual use. When loading the software, a prompt
appears with the number of days remaining. Access without a license key is not
possible after the trial period.
Depending on the type of software license, an Internet connection may be
required for activation. Please refer to your license certificate for the
corresponding information.
Activating a license key is described in section “Starting.”
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Installation
17
Installation
e!COCKPIT software is installed from a setup file. This contains a CODESYS
programming environment, the .NET Framework and communication drivers for
WAGO 750 Series devices. The device description files (Device Type Packages)
for WAGO 750 Series devices are also automatically imported.
1.
Open the e!COCKPIT Website.
2.
To receive a download link for the e!COCKPIT software, click the
[Registration] link and complete the form.
3.
Download the software.
4.
Start the installation process by double-clicking the setup file and follow the
steps described in the Installation Wizard:
•
•
•
5.
Select the installation language.
Accept the license agreement.
Select the target directory for installation.
Click [Install] to start the installation.
If an older version is already installed, a dialog appears in which you can choose
to accept already installed devices.
6.
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Click [Finish] to complete installation.
18
7
Starting
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Starting
1.
Launch e!COCKPIT via Start > Programs > “WAGO Software” >
“e!COCKPIT” or via the link on your desktop.
A start screen will be displayed while the software is loaded.
If you have already purchased and activated a license, the lower area of this
screen will display the name under which your e!COCKPIT application is
registered.
If you have not yet acquired a license, you can see the remaining time on the start
screen.
Figure 1: Display of the Start Screen during Loading
This also opens a dialog via which you can purchase/activate a license (see the
following section).
Figure 2: Display of the License Status
2.
To test e!COCKPIT without entering a license key, click [Continue
evaluation].
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7.1
Starting
19
Purchasing a License
1.
If you wish to purchase a license, click [Purchase license] after launching
the software.
You will be taken to a Website where you can place the order (Online catalogue/
eShop).
7.2
Activating the License
When purchasing the software, access data is transmitted by email or telephone.
1.
To enter a purchased license key and activate the license, click [Enter
license].
2.
Enter your license key and customer name in the dialog.
Pay attention to exact spelling!
Your access is personalized. Ensure that you enter your customer name exactly as
it is written in the email that you received when purchasing the software.
Figure 3: Entering the License Key
3.
Accept the license conditions and confirm that you are a commercial user.
4.
To activate the license, click [Add licenses].
If the software has already been launched, open this dialog in the Backstage view:
“Help” page, [Product Licensing], [Enter License(s)].
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Starting
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Figure 4: Entering Licenses
The license is created in your name and displayed on the “Help” page of the
Backstage view.
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7.3
Starting
21
Activating Automatic Updates
After the program is launched, the “Automatic updates” dialog is displayed.
Figure 5: Activating Automatic Updates
1.
To automatically search for updates when the program launches, click
[Yes].
If you choose [No], you can enable the Update function later: In the Backstage
view (“FILE” tab) under [Help] > [Updates], tick the “Check for update and
license information when starting e!COCKPIT” checkbox (Internet connection
required on starting the program).
The update process compares your license information with the records of WAGO
Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG.
For additional information on performing updates, see the Section “Operating” >
“Setting and Managing” > “Performing Updates.”
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8
Graphical User Interface
WAGO-Software
2759-0101 e!COCKPIT
Graphical User Interface
The graphical user interface consists of three views:
•
Start View
For launching the program and using templates.
•
Main View
For configuring, parameterization and programming devices.
•
Backstage View
For setting general options and file handling settings.
These views are described in the following sections. Start view is shown first
when the software is launched.
</dg_
8.1
Start View (Projects and Templates)
Start view enables you to create new projects or use existing templates. If projects
were previously created, the most recently used projects can be accessed quickly
from this page.
Figure 6: Start View
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Graphical User Interface
Table 4: Key for Figure “Start View”
No. Description
1
New
Displays templates that can be used for new projects
2
Last used
Displays previous projects with the relevant path
3
Browse
Switches to Backstage view, e.g., to open projects from other sources
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Main View (Configuring, Parameterization,
Programming)
The main view is divided into a quick access ribbon, menu ribbon, workspace and
status bar. The dockable panels enable the workspace to be adjusted to suit the
application.
The panels within the main view can be adjusted to create a suitable layout for the
relevant task (e.g., creating networks, device configuration or programming).
Besides fixed areas offering basic functions, other panels can be arranged as
dockable windows depending on the project's needs.
Figure 7: Main View
Table 5: Key for Figure “Main View”
No.
1
2
3
4
Description
Quick access toolbar
Menu ribbon
Workspace
Status Bar
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Quick Access Toolbar
The quick access toolbar is located in the upper area of the window.
The quick access toolbar is a toolbar that is independent of the currently selected
tab and is always visible, making it ideal for frequently used commands.
Figure 8: Quick Access Toolbar (Standard View)
It contains the following buttons by default:
Table 6: Buttons on the Quick Access Toolbar
Symbol Function
Save
Description
Saves the project
Undo
Undoes the last action
Repeat
Repeats the last action
Customize
Opens the menu for customizing the quick access
toolbar
Figure 9: Customizing the Quick Access Toolbar
Undo
Adds or removes the [Save] button
(Save project) to or from the quick
access toolbar
Undoes the last action
Repeat
Repeats the last action
Additional
Functions...
Display
Above/Below
Menu Ribbon
Currently not available
Save
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Displays the quick access toolbar
above/below the menu ribbon
Display
e!COCKPIT
Help
Minimize
Minimizes/maximizes the menu
Minimize
Menu Ribbon ribbon.
Opens the e!COCKPIT online help
The CODESYS help function is displayed in the tree
structure underneath the e!COCKPIT help
Minimizes the window
Maximize
Maximizes the window
Close
Closes e!COCKPIT (Alt + F4)
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Table 6: Buttons on the Quick Access Toolbar
Symbol Function
Description
Displays only the tab names in the menu ribbon.
Minimize
Menu Ribbon The menu ribbon opens if a tab is clicked. It is then
minimized afterward.*
Extend Menu Displays the menu ribbon permanently*
Ribbon
*
8.2.2
Toggling between a Minimized or Extended ribbon is also possible
by double-clicking a tab name.
Menu Ribbon
Tabs are arranged under the quick access toolbar. Selecting a tab opens the
particular tab ribbon with relevant command buttons based on task and group.
Relevant tabs are displayed according to the workspace. For example, the
“PROGRAM” and “DEBUG” tabs are only displayed in the “Programming”
workspace.
The buttons on the tabs are context-sensitive, i.e., only the functions that can
actually be used at the moment are displayed and activated.
Functions that cannot be executed within the relevant context are shown in gray.
The individual tabs are described below.
8.2.2.1
“START” Tab
The “START” tab contains buttons for general project editing and setting the user
interface.
Figure 10: Menu Ribbon (Standard View)
Table 7: “START” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol
Function
“Clipboard” Group
Insert
Cut
Copy
Description
Inserts copied project element
Only active if the previously copied or cut
element can be inserted at the currently
selected position
Cut project element
Copy project element
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Table 7: “START” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol
Function
“Edit” Group
Edit
Delete
Invert Selection
Settings
“Workspaces” Group
Network/Devices
Programming
<Workspace>
Manage
Description
Opens one or several project elements for
editing
Double-clicking a project element triggers the
same function.
“Network/Devices” Workspace:
Moves to the Device Detail view of the
selected device and displays the “Settings”
panel to edit device parameters.
“Programming” Workspace:
Depending on the selection in the Program
Structure, displays the CODESYS program,
project information or library managers
Deletes one or several project elements
“Network/Devices” workspace:
Removes the selected devices from the project
“Programming” Workspace:
Depending on the selection in the Program
Structure, deletes the CODESYS program,
project information or library managers
Inverts the devices/elements selection
Opens the “Settings” panel for the selected
object (device, program etc.), see Section
“Workspace” > “Panels” > “Settings”
Displays the preconfigured “Network/Devices”
workspace (see Section “Network/Devices
workspace”)
Displays the preconfigured “Programming”
workspace (see Section “Programming
workspace”)
Opens the user-defined workspace (see Section
“User-Defined Workspaces”)
Opens a context menu for managing
workspaces
Figure 11: Managing workspaces
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Table 7: “START” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol
Function
Description
User-defined workspaces
Selects the relevant workspace
that is targeted for deletion or
<Workspace editing
>
Deletes the selected workspace
The button of the user-defined
[Delete
workspace] workspace is removed from the
menu ribbon
Used for customizing the
[Edit
workspace] workspace name and icon
Save window configuration
Opens a dialog for creating a
[Create new new workspace from the current
workspace] window constellation
Figure 12: Creating a New Workspace
Save the current
workspace
“Print” Group
Print
Preview
Designation
Field for entering the workspace
name
[Change image] opens an
Explorer window for selecting a
pictogram (JPG, PNG or BMP).
[Accept] accepts the name and
pictogram of the new workspace
as a button in the menu ribbon.
[Cancel] closes the dialog
without saving the workspace.
Saves the changed workspace
Prints the content of the active editor in the
“Programming” workspace (available in the
“Programming” workspace)
Creates a print preview of the content for the
active editor (available in the “Programming”
workspace)
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Restore standard workspaces!
If one of the three predefined workspaces has been changed, you can restore it via
[Options] > [Standard workspaces] > [Reset standard workspaces] in the
“FILE” tab.
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“VIEW” Tab
The “VIEW” tab enables you to display or close workspaces and panels. When a
panel is displayed, the relevant buttons are highlighted in blue in the menu ribbon.
Figure 13: “VIEW” Tab
The “VIEW” tab contains the following operating elements.
Table 8: “VIEW” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol Function
“Show” Group
Devices/Program
structure
Product Catalog
Messages
Settings
Breakpoints
Call Stack
Description
Opens the “Device Structure” or “Program
Structure” depending on which workspace is
opened (see Section “Panels” > “Device
Structure” or “Program Structure”)
Opens the “Product Catalog” panel (see Section
“Workspaces” > “Product Catalog”)
Opens the message list (see Section “Panels” >
“Message Bar and Message Window”)
Opens the “Settings” panel (see Section >
“Panels” > “Settings”)
Opens the Breakpoints list (see Section
“Programming” > “Breakpoints” workspace)
Opens the call stack (see Section
“Programming” > “Call Stack” workspace)
Monitoring
Opens a selection field with the commands “
Monitoring 1, 2, 3, 4” or “View all forced
values”, which display the corresponding watch
list
“View all forced values” is a special view of all
currently forced values. It enables “Program
Organization Units” (POUs − program
organization units of type program, function or
function block) and a user-defined list of
expressions/variables to be monitored.
Cross reference list
Opens the cross reference list with the
references of a variable in the project (see
Section “Programming Workspace” > “Cross
Reference List”)
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Table 8: “VIEW” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol Function
“Workspaces” Group
Network/Devices
Programming
“Windows” Group
Tabbed
Tile horizontally
Tile vertically
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Description
Displays the preconfigured “Network/Devices”
workspace (see Section “Network/Devices
workspace”)
Displays the preconfigured “Programming”
workspace (see Section “Programming
workspace”)
Arranges the windows of the main view in
individual tabs
Arranges the windows of the main view
vertically (tiled horizontally)
Arranges the windows of the main view
horizontally (tiled vertically)
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“NETWORK” Tab
The “NETWORK” tab contains functions that specifically relate to the display
and scanning of devices in the network. The tab is displayed in the
“Network/Devices” workspace.
Figure 14: “NETWORK” Tab
The “NETWORK” tab contains the following operating elements:
Table 9: “NETWORK” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol
Function
“View” Group
Network
“Display” Group
Physical connections
Logical connections
Grid
“Scan Settings” Group
Scan
Interface
Settings
Description
Opens the Network view
If the Network view is active, this button is
highlighted in blue in the menu ribbon.
Filters the displayed physical connections
arranged according to ETHERNET,
CANopen or PROFIBUS
Filters the displayed logical connections
according to PROFINET, MODBUS,
EtherCAT, Data Server (CODESYS) or
network variables (CODESYS)
Shows or hides the grid in the Network
view
Starts the scan operation via the selected PC
interface
Selects the interface used for the scan (e.g.,
COM1, ETHERNET)
Opens the Settings dialog for the selected
interface
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“Connection” Group
Connect
Disconnect
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Opens an online connection to one or
several selected devices.
The CODESYS application is connected
with the target system. An ongoing online
simulation is closed.
The status of the button depends on the
devices selected: “Connect” if no device is
connected, “Disconnect” if all selected
devices are connected. If the selected
devices have different connection states, all
devices are disconnected on the first click
and connected with a second click.
Connection requirements:
- error-free program compilation
- correctly configured communication
device settings
Connection to the selected device (login) is
performed for all applications.
Disconnects the development and target
systems (controller or simulated device) and
returns to offline mode
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“DEVICE” Tab
The “DEVICE” tab configures devices.
The tab is displayed in the “Network/Devices” workspace.
Figure 15: “DEVICE” Tab
The “DEVICE” tab contains the following operating elements.
Table 10: “DEVICE” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol Function
“View” Group
Device details
“Connection” Group
PC interface
Addressing
Connect
Disconnect
Description
Opens the Device Detail view
If the Device Detail view is active, this button
is highlighted in blue in the menu ribbon
Selects the communication interface to be
used for the selected device and displays it
Sets the address for the selected device and
the relevant interface, such as the IP address
Opens an online connection to one or several
selected devices.
The CODESYS application is connected with
the target system. An ongoing online
simulation is closed.
The status of the button depends on the
devices selected: “Connect” if no device is
connected, “Disconnect” if all selected
devices are connected. If the selected devices
have different connection states, all devices
are disconnected on the first click and
connected with a second click.
Connection requirements:
- error-free program compilation
- correctly configured communication
device settings
The connection to the selected device (login)
is performed for all applications.
Disconnects the development system and
target systems (controller or simulated
device) and returns to offline mode
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Table 10: “DEVICE” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol Function
“Device Functions” Group
Scan modules
Download
Upload
Multiple download
Description
Identifies and displays any modules present
Opens a connection to the selected device and
downloads parameters to it
Opens a connection to the device, reads
device parameters and displays them in the
software
Opens a dialog with a list of all project
applications and parameters
These can be selected and the selected
device(s) can be loaded.
Figure 16: “Multiple download” Dialog
Project devices, applications and parameters
that can be selected via checkboxes are
displayed in the left-hand area.
“All applications” selects all applications of
the project.
“All parameters” selects all of the project
parameters.
In the right-hand area, the standard
CODESYS options are listed that refer to the
changes, online change and (renewed)
download of the application (see CODESYS
Online Help, “Multiple download”).
[OK] loads the selected applications and
parameters to the selected devices.
[Cancel] closes the dialog.
“Device Description” Group
Replace
Replace all
Version information
Manual
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Opens a dialog to replace the device
description of the selected device
Opens a dialog for replacing or updating the
device descriptions of all devices contained in
the project
Opens a dialog with version information for
the device description of the selected device
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The “DEVICE” tab may show additional functions, depending on the selected
device. The contents of device-specific tab groups are described in the relevant
device documentation.
8.2.2.5
“PROGRAM” Tab
The “PROGRAM” tab contains functions for programming and loading the
application onto a device. Actions of this tab always refer to active applications,
i.e., applications that are connected or simulated online.
Figure 17: “PROGRAM” Tab
The “PROGRAM” tab contains the following operating elements:
Table 11: “PROGRAM” Tab Operating Elements
Button
Description
“Debug” Group
Syntax check Checks the syntax of the created library
project library The button is visible if a library template was selected
in the Start or Backstage view.
The library is compiled in the Backstage view >
[Import/Export] > [IEC library].
“Connection” Group
Opens an online connection to one or several selected
Connect
devices.
The CODESYS application is connected with the
target system. An ongoing online simulation is closed.
The status of the button depends on the devices
selected: “Connect” if no device is connected,
“Disconnect” if all selected devices are connected. If
the selected devices have different connection states,
all devices are disconnected on the first click and
connected with a second click.
Connection requirements:
- program compiled error-free
- correctly configured communication
device settings
Connection to the selected device (login) is performed
for all applications.
Disconnects the development and target systems
Disconnect
(controller or simulated device) and returns to offline
mode
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Table 11: “PROGRAM” Tab Operating Elements
Button
“Online” Group
Simulate
application
Close
simulation
Start
Stop
Reset
“Functions” Group
Program
download
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Description
Can be selected if there is no online connection
Starts Simulation mode
The mode starts and debugs an application on a
simulated target device in order to test the online
behavior of an application in advance without
requiring the actual device. No communication
settings are required for the simulated device.
When a function is called for the first time, a prompt
asks whether the application is to be created or loaded.
Closes the simulation mode;
the simulation is also closed if the [Connect] button is
clicked.
Starts the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Stops the application on the controller or in the
simulation
All Reset commands cause a restart in online mode.
The set breakpoints in the project are deactivated.
Reset (warm):
Resets all variables of the active program to their
initial and default values apart from the retentive
variables (Retain, Persistent). Behavior is the same as
switching the controller off and on while the program
is running (e.g., in the event of a power failure).
Reset (cold):
The same as the “Reset warm” command, but also
resets the retentive variables of the active application
to their initialization values and default values
(behavior is same as the start of the program currently
loaded onto the controller).
Reset (original):
Resets the values of all variables of the active
application to their initialization values and deletes the
program on the controller.
Builds and compiles the active application in online
mode, i.e., a syntax check is executed, application
code is generated and then downloaded to the
controller
The compilation log is created in the project directory.
All variables are reinitialized apart from the persistent
variables.
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Table 11: “PROGRAM” Tab Operating Elements
Button
Multiple
download
Description
Opens a dialog with a list of all project applications
and parameters
These can be selected and the selected device(s) can
be loaded.
Figure 18: Multiple Download
Boot
application
download
Source code
download
Edit offline
Changes
download
“Source code” Group
Build
Project devices, applications and parameters that can
be selected via checkboxes are displayed in the lefthand area.
“All applications” selects all applications of the
project.
“All parameters” selects all of the project
parameters.
In the right-hand area, the standard CODESYS
options are listed that refer to the changes, online
change and (renewed) download of the application
(see CODESYS Online Help, “Multiple Download”).
[OK] loads the selected applications and parameters to
the selected devices.
[Cancel] closes the dialog.
Saves the boot application under the name
<Application_name>.app on the target device.
This automatically begins when the controller is
started.
If the controller is in offline mode, the current
application is first stored as a boot application in the
project directory in order to download it later to a
target system.
Downloads the current project as an “archive.prj”
archive file to the currently connected controller.
Enables the editing of a currently connected
application
The changes can be downloaded later to the controller
via “Download Changes.”
Compiles changes to the active application carried out
offline and downloads them to the controller
Checks the source code of the active application for
errors
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Table 11: “PROGRAM” Tab Operating Elements
Button
Description
Checks the source code again
Rebuild
Generate Code Compiles the source code of the active application.
The code is not loaded onto the PLC.
This cleans the compiler information for the currently
Clean
active application on the development system.
The compiler information was created the last time the
application was downloaded to the target system and
saved in a “*.compileinfo” file on the development
system.
Clean All
“Search” Group
Search
For online change after cleaning, reload
the application!
Reload the program to the controller after
cleaning if you wish to use Online Change,
otherwise it is not possible to execute Online
Change.
Deletes the compilation information for all
applications.
This was created the last time the applications were
downloaded to the target systems and saved in a
“*.compileinfo” file.
After cleaning, an online change is no longer possible
for the affected application. In this case, the program
must be completely reloaded onto the controllers.
Internal information on persistent variables is also
deleted, so this must be re-installed after a download.
Opens the “Search” dialog
Figure 19: “Search” Dialog
Searches for the expression entered or
selected from the drop-down list
Distinguishes between upper/lower
Match case
case
When selected, searches for previous
Search up
occurrences of the expression
Match whole When selected, searches for an exact
term without additional characters
word
Find what:
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Table 11: “PROGRAM” Tab Operating Elements
Button
Description
Use regular
expressions
[Find Next]
[Find All]
[Replace >>]
Search:
[Close]
When selected, allows the use of
syntax rules for evaluating the
expression, e.g., characters “*,” “+” or
“?”
Searches for the next expression
Shows all occurrences of the
expression in the message window
Double-clicking on this entry enables
you to move in the editor to the
appropriate position
Opens a “Replace” dialog
This dialog contains the following
additional options:
[Replace] replaces the next instance
of the expression with the expression
entered in the “Replace with” field.
[Replace All] replaces all occurrences
of the expression searched for.
Selects the location to be searched:
- Active editor
- All opened editors
- Entire project
[…] opens a dialog with the additional
option to search in objects and store
this search as a search scheme.
Closes the “Search” dialog.
Opens the quick access list for the search.
Search
Opens the “Search” dialog (Ctrl + F)
Replace
Opens the “Replace” dialog (Ctrl + H)
Next
Shows the next occurrence of the
search expression (F3)
Displays the next occurrence of the
search expression (Ctrl + F3) selected
in the editor
Displays the previous occurrence of
the search expression (Shift + F3)
Displays the previous occurrence of
the search expression (Ctrl + Shift +
F3) selected in the editor
Next
(selection)
Search
previous
Search
previous
(selection)
Cross
reference list
Opens the cross reference list with the references of a
variable in the project (see Section “Programming
Workspace” > “Cross Reference List”)
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Table 11: “PROGRAM” Tab Operating Elements
Button
Import
Description
“Source text navigation”; jumps to the relevant
definition/declaration of the identifier that the cursor is
positioned on.
Function block, program or variable is opened in the
appropriate editor. If the definition is located in a
“compiled” library, the corresponding function block
is opened in the Library Manager.
Imports program elements of an export file
Export
Save program elements in an export
Mark
declaration
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“DEBUG” Tab
The “DEBUG” tab contains functions for executing and checking the source code.
Figure 20: “DEBUG” Tab
The “DEBUG” tab contains the following operating elements:
Table 12: “DEBUG” Operating Elements
Button
“Connection” Group
Connect
Disconnect
Description
Opens an online connection to one or several
selected devices.
The CODESYS application is connected with
the target system. An ongoing online simulation
is closed.
The status of the button depends on the devices
selected: “Connect” if no device is connected,
“Disconnect” if all selected devices are
connected. If the selected devices have different
connection states, all devices are disconnected
on the first click and connected with a second
click.
Connection requirements:
- error-free program compilation
- correctly configured communication
device settings
Connection to the selected device (login) is
performed for all applications.
Disconnects the development and target systems
(controller or simulated device) and returns to
offline mode
“Execute” Group
Simulate application Can be selected if there is no online connection;
starts Simulation mode.
The mode starts and debugs an application on a
simulated target device in order to test the online
behavior of an application in advance without
requiring the actual device. No communication
settings are required for the simulated device.
When a function is called for the first time, a
prompt asks whether the application is to be
created or loaded.
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Table 12: “DEBUG” Operating Elements
Button
Close simulation
Start
Stop
Single cycle
Description
Closes the simulation mode;
the simulation is also closed if the [Connect]
button is clicked.
Starts the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Stops the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Performs one cycle of the active application
“Breakpoints” Group
New
Toggle
“Increment” Group
Step Over
Single Into
Manual
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Sets a breakpoint at the current position within
the active code editor (see Section
“Programming Workspace” > “Breakpoints”)
Toggles between the active and inactive state of
a breakpoint.
This also causes the setting of a new breakpoint
(if not yet set at the current breakpoint position).
Active breakpoints are deactivated after online
mode is closed or after logging in again (see
Section “Programming Workspace >
“Breakpoints”).
Executes a program in online mode in defined
steps, e.g., for debugging.
With instructions on one level, this corresponds
to “stepping” with the “Step Into” command
(see next command).
When a function block call is reached, the entire
function block is performed in a single step.
A complete action is processed in a sequential
function chart.
Executes a program in online mode in defined
steps, e.g., for debugging.
A single step is performed.
If necessary, the program switches to another
program organization unit (POU). If the current
position is a function call or function block call,
the program stops in front of the first instruction
of the called function block. In all other
situations, the command has the same function
as the “Step Over” command.
Possible stop positions during step-by-step
processing depend on the type of editor. The
current position is highlighted in yellow.
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Table 12: “DEBUG” Operating Elements
Button
Step Out
Run to Cursor
Set Next Statement
Show Current
Statement
“Values” Group
Monitoring
Write
Force
Unforced values
Description
Steps a program backward
In the case of a nested program code, the
backward step is made through the calls.
This causes a return to the start of the program if
the program does not contain any calls.
It also causes a return to the calling instruction if
the program had jumped previously to a called
function block.
Runs the program from the current position to a
temporarily definable position
For this the cursor is placed at the required stop
position before performing the command.
Sets the statement to be executed next; to do
this, the cursor is placed in this instruction
before executing the command.
This returns the cursor in online mode to the
current execution position if the stepwise
processing had moved the cursor to another
position in the user interface.
Opens a selection field with the commands
“Monitoring 1, 2, 3, 4” or “View all forced
values”, which display the relevant watch list.
“View all forced values” is a special view of all
currently forced values. It enables program
organization units (POUs − program
organization units of type program, function or
function block) and a user-defined list of
expressions/variables to be monitored.
Sets the corresponding variable in the controller
at the start of the next cycle once to the value
defined for it in the programming software.
The command is applied to all variables of the
active application that are prepared for writing.
If the controller is connected (online), the Force
Values command causes one or several
expressions/variables of the active application to
be set permanently to defined values, i.e., they
are not overwritten while the program is
running.
This command is available in online mode. [F7]
Removes the forcing of all variables of the
active application in online mode.
Forcing is also removed by disconnecting the
controller from the programming system. The
variables are then assigned their current value
from the controller.
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Table 12: “DEBUG” Operating Elements
Button
“Settings” Group
Display Mode
Flow Control
Description
Sets the number format of variable values.
The following can be selected: decimal,
hexadecimal, binary.
Switches the flow control in online mode on or
off for the language editors ST, FBD, LD, IL
and CFC;
an activated flow control enables program
processing to be followed in the editor window.
Current variables, and thus the results of
function calls and operations in the current
cycle, are highlighted at the relevant processing
position and time.
The flow control functions in all currently
visible sections of the currently opened editor
window.
Values cannot be written or forced in the flow
control. This can only be performed in the
declaration section.
Function increases run time!
Activating the flow control increases the
application runtime.
Be aware of dangers resulting from writing or forcing values!
Abnormally changing a value in an application running on the controller may
cause undesired behavior of the controlled system.
Evaluate any possible dangers resulting from writing or forcing variable values
and take appropriate safety precautions. Depending on the system controlled,
there is a risk of damage to the system and equipment or danger to people.
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“I/O CHECK” Tab
This tab enables a systematic input/output test to be performed. It verifies that a
controller is wired correctly. Both individual modules and entire nodes can be
tested. The “I/O CHECK” tab is displayed if a device is selected or the Device
Detail view of a device is opened. If several devices are selected, the “I/O
CHECK” tab is hidden.
Figure 21: “I/O CHECK” Tab
The “I/O CHECK” tab contains the following operating elements: Active
functions are highlighted in blue.
Table 13: “I/O CHECK” Tab Operating Elements
Symbol Function
“Tabular I/O check” Group
Build
Result
“Connection” Group
Connect
Disconnect
Description
Tests the connection (systematic hardware
function test)
Switches the view of the “Status” and “Test
Result” columns on/off
Opens an online connection to one or several
selected devices.
The CODESYS application is connected with
the target system. An ongoing online simulation
is closed.
The status of the button depends on the devices
selected: “Connect” if no device is connected,
“Disconnect” if all selected devices are
connected. If the selected devices have different
connection states, all devices are disconnected
on the first click and connected with a second
click.
Connection requirements:
- error-free program compilation
- correctly configured communication
device settings
Connection to the selected device (login) is
performed for all applications.
Disconnects the development and target systems
(controller or simulated device) and returns to
offline mode
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“Control mode” Group
Control mode
Direct
Collect (Number of
prepared changes)
Buttons
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Activates/deactivates the Control mode:
Enables the modules for changes (write).
If the control mode is not active and there is an
online connection to the device, the monitor
mode is automatically activated, i.e., actual
values of the I/O module are displayed (read
only).
Activates/deactivates the mode for direct writing
to the I/O module
Writes prepared changes (marked with an
asterisk) to the module
Activates/deactivates the push-button mode for
digital inputs/outputs
“Collection values” Group
This tab group is displayed if the “Collect” mode is active (blue background).
Write collected values to the module.
Write Now
Changed values are indicated with an asterisk.
Reset collected values.
Reset
Changed values are indicated with an asterisk.
Besides this systematic input/output test, a simple test can also be performed for
digital input/digital output modules via the Device Detail view (see Section
“Workspace” > … > “Device Detail view”).
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Other Tabs
Depending on the devices used, other tabs may be displayed that have specific
content relating to the particular device driver. The setting options can be found in
the relevant product documentation of the device.
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</dg_
8.2.3
Workspace
The workspace consists of the window area underneath the menu ribbon.
This is divided into the main workspace and panels that can be arranged freely;
these elements can be shown or hidden via the “VIEW” tab to suit the particular
application or specific operation. Panels are used to display and/or edit project
data or other data.
e!COCKPIT offers two predefined workspaces that are already adapted for typical
applications such as network and device configuration, parameterization and
programming. The appearance of the user interface changes according to the
workspace selected.
User-defined workspaces can be created in addition to the predefined workspaces.
The position and size of selected views, tabs and panels are saved here to
customize the workspace. These settings are stored separately for each Windows
user.
Figure 22: Views and Workspaces
After opening a newly created project in e!COCKPIT, the standard view shows
the “Device Structure” panel on the left, the Network view in the middle and
“Product Catalog” and “Settings” panels on the right.
The configuration, parameterization and programming are performed in the
central window area.
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General Operating Elements
The main workspace and panels have the following operating elements (some of
these functions depend on the panel):
Table 14: General Operating Elements
Symbol
Function
Search
Dock
Close
Zoom
Adjust
Expand
Collapse
8.2.3.2
Description
Shows or hides the search field.
(free text search, no wildcards necessary)
The search field is permanently displayed in some
panels.
Hides the panel;
Panel appears as a tab on the right of the window or
at bottom left.
Closes the panel
Increases/decreases magnification of the view
(Zoom)
(Network/Device Detail view)
Adjusts the view to the optimum size or to the
window (Network/Device Detail view)
Opens all elements of the tree structure
Closes all elements of the tree structure
General Status Display for Connections
A device's connection status is shown as a four-section status display in operating
fields and workspaces.
Figure 23: General Status Display for Connections
Table 15: Key for Figure “General Status Display for Connections”
Item
1
2
3
4
Explanation
Connection status
PLC status
Status of the internal bus (e.g., internal data bus, 750 Series)
Fieldbus status
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The status information is likewise displayed in the status bar. The following table
provides an overview of the different symbols:
Table 16: General Status Display for Connections
Symbol Symbol in State
in
Workspace
Status
Bar
Connection
Not connected
Connected
Limited
Connection
Control Mode
Active
Simulation
Mode Active
Description
The selected device is not connected.
The selected device is connected.
The selected device has a limited
connection. This means that the
application on the controller is different
than the application in the project within
e!COCKPIT.
The Control mode is active. Write access
to modules is possible. No online
connection to the device.
The Simulation mode is active.
PLC
Stop
Running
Error
The controller is not running (PLC
stopped).
The controller is running.
Error is present. Note the error messages
in the message window.
Internal Bus
Not running
Running
Error
No communication via the internal bus.
Internal bus ready for communication.
Error is present. Note the error messages
in the message window.
Not running
Running
Error
No communication via fieldbus.
Fieldbus ready for communication.
Error is present. Note the error messages
in the message window.
Fieldbus
If a device is connected online, connection status is also displayed in a pop-up
display as soon as the mouse is placed over the device. The status information is
displayed both for fieldbus couplers/controllers as well as for connected modules.
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Figure 24: Status Display for Devices (Online)
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“Network/Devices” Workspace
The “Network/Devices” workspace is used to configure and parameterize the
network and devices. The workspace contains the following operating elements:
Figure 25: “Network/Devices” Workspace
Table 17: Elements of the Network View
No. Description
1 Tab
“Network/Devices” tab and other tabs, for example, open configurators.
2 Breadcrumb Navigation
The path of the view which is currently displayed.
The path can be used for navigation by clicking on an entry. Clicking
Network for example returns the display from Device Detail view to
Network view.
3 Graphic/Table Toggle Button
Button is used for toggling between graphical and tabular view.
The graphical view is suitable for adding and configuring devices and
networks.
The tabular view is primarily designed to provide a better overview
during a network or device scan and for comparing configured and
found devices.
4 Zoom Function
Zoom adjuster that can be clicked and moved to enlarge or decrease the
view.
“+” or “-” are the buttons that adjust the view in 10 % steps.
The button adjusts the view to the current window.
5 Search field
Free text search, no wildcards are necessary.
6 Active Tabs
Shows active tabs in a selection list.
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8.2.3.3.1 Network View
Network view displays configured network connections between devices. It
contains the following elements:
Figure 26: Network View
Table 18: Key for Figure “Network View”
No. Description
1 Tile
Displays the included device.
To change a name, click the displayed device name to enter a new name.
2 Device Location
Empty tile as location for devices.
3 Network/Bus Connections
Physical/logical connections between devices are displayed as
horizontal/vertical lines.
Colors are uniquely assigned to a particular network/bus type.
4 Number of Modules
This shows the number of modules connected with this head station and
which of these are included in the Device Detail view.
5 Connectors
The interfaces via which connections to other devices can be configured.
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Tiles
The Network view’s workspace is divided into tiles. Tiles are placeholders for
devices that are added from the Product Catalog. The device's status is indicated
by its frame:
Table 19: Device Status
Frame Color
Gray
Light Blue
Green
Light green
Description
Standard frame of an included device.
Device has been selected/highlighted.
The device is connected online.
Orange
Blue
Control mode (“I/O-CHECK” tab) is active.
Simulation mode is active (“PROGRAM”/“DEBUG” tab).
The device has a limited connection (controller application is different
to the project application in e!COCKPIT).
The device’s status — with regard to the connection, PLC, internal bus and
fieldbus — is indicated by a four-section status display in the top right corner of
the tile. The individual symbols are explained in the Section “Workspace” >
“General Status Display for Connections”.
Right-clicking the tile displays the context menu’s different buttons:
Figure 27: Context Menu of a Device
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Table 20: Context Menu of a Device
Symbol
Copy
Description
Copies selected devices
Insert
Inserts copied devices
Delete
Upload
Deletes the selected device from the Network view.
When deleting the device, the associated program
elements are also deleted.
Opens an online connection to one or several selected
devices
Removes the connection between the development and
target systems (controller or simulated device) and
returns to offline mode
Starts the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Stops the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Scans the node for the presence of modules and
displays results in a list
Reads parameters from the selected device
Download
Writes parameters to the selected device
Connect
Disconnect
Start
Stop
Scan
Opens the “I/O CHECK” tab (see Section “I/O CHECK
Tab”)
Device details Opens the Device Detail view and displays the I/O
mapping
Displays device settings in the corresponding panel (see
Settings
Section “Panels” > “Settings”)
I/O-Check
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Connectors
Each device supports specific interfaces for communicating with other devices.
The interfaces are shown as connection points (connectors) in different colors on
the edge of a tile:
Figure 28: Color Coding of Connectors
Table 21: Color Coding of Connectors
Connector Color
Gray
Black
Blue
Purple
Description
Connector for ETHERNET/MODBUS connections
Connector for serial connections/COM interfaces
Connector for CANopen connections
Connector for PROFIBUS connections
Hovering the mouse over a connector displays additional information, such as
interface type, the device's IP address or connections to other devices, if present.
Figure 29: Context Menu of a Connector
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Table 22: Operating Elements in the Context Menu of a Connector
Symbol
Description
Pictogram for the type of logical connection
Selects the connected device and centers the view
Updates the configuration
The button is available when the configuration of connected devices
has been changed.
Example: The configuration of a master device is adapted to the
configuration of the connected slave. This is indicated by a warning
symbol next to the interface:
Opens the connection settings (see Section “Fieldbus-Specific
Configurators”).
Removes the logical connection
Displays device settings in the corresponding panel (see Section
“Panels” > “Settings”)
Deletes all connections for this interface to any number of devices
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Network/Bus Connections
The devices can be interconnected in Network view. Connectors are dragged with
the mouse between two similar device connectors. The color of a connection is the
same as the relevant connector color (see previous Section).
Figure 30: Connection between Two Devices
Connections are either physical or logical connections.
Physical connections correspond to cables between devices that are compatible
with their hardware, i.e., their terminations. The direction in which connection
lines are dragged with the mouse is not important to physical connections.
Logical connections are only possible where physically connected devices can
exchange information with the appropriate protocols. Logical connections are
dragged over an already displayed physical connection.
Unlike physical connections, the direction in which devices are connected is
relevant for logical connections as the displayed options (e.g., “Modbus TCP
master”) refer to the source device.
Example: When selecting “Modbus TCP Master” the source device becomes the
master, the target device becomes the slave for the new connection.
With connections via CANopen and PROFIBUS, the physical connection is the
same as the logical connection. Only one connection line must be dragged
between the devices. Whether it is a master or slave device depends solely on the
configuration of the device concerned.
To control data exchange, each logical connection can be further configured via
the buttons in the context menu of the connector (see previous Section).
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8.2.3.3.2 Fieldbus-Specific Configurators
Fieldbus-specific configurators are used to configure MODBUS, CANopen and
PROFIBUS connections. These are accessed via the context menu of a connector
and displayed in the main workspace.
The connected devices, as well as the device type, are displayed in the upper area.
Figure 31: Fieldbus-Specific Configurators
The lower area is structured according to the specific fieldbus, see the following
Section.
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MODBUS Configurator
e!COCKPIT integrates two MODBUS configurators for configuring the
connection between MODBUS master and MODBUS slave.
The data points/variables to be exchanged in a real master-slave connection is set
in the master configurator.
The slave configurator sets which data points/variables are available for all
masters.
MODBUS Master Configurator
The settings are made in two tabs.
The “MODBUS Master-Variables” tab configures data exchange between the
master and slave. The left-hand column here displays the variables used by the
slave. The right-hand column displays the variables available on the master.
Figure 32: “MODBUS Master Variables” Tab
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Table 23: Key for Figure “MODBUS Master Variables” Tab
Parameters
Description
Variables (Slave, left-hand column)
Variable
Variable name and path on the slave
Variants are normally either manual or automatic.
Automatic: A variable is created according to the variable
path on the master.
Manual: The variable is entered by the user. This can be an
existing variable or one created by CODESYS.
Mapping
Existing (arrow symbol) variables and variables generated by
CODESYS (asterisk)
Variable (slave)
Variable name and path on the master
T [ms]
Cycle time when accessing the variables
Access
Read and write access
Trigger
Triggering of access. Selection depends on the access setting.
Read: Cyclic
Write: Cyclic/on value change
Variables (Master, right-hand column)
Variable
Name of variable
Data type
Variable data type
Comment
Comment of the variable
Variable settings
Designation
Name of variable
Data type
Variable data type
Array
Change data type to array (to read or write access several
MODBUS tabs at once).
The size of the variables is set via the number of elements in
the array.
Access
Access via MODBUS (RO/RW)
MODBUS address MODBUS address of the variable
Context menu of the slave variables (left-hand column):
Figure 33: Slave Variables Context Menu
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Table 24: Key to Figure “Slave Variables Context Menu”
Symbol Function
Description
Delete variable
Delete variable of slave
Reset
Reset variable to “automatic value”
Transfer
Accept value of the cell for all selected rows (T [ms],
trigger, access)
Context menu of the master variables (right-hand column):
Figure 34: Master Variables Context Menu
Table 25: Key to Figure “Master Variables Context Menu”
Symbol Function
Description
Delete
Publish variable via MODBUS and make it available
in the slave
Delete variable of master
Create
Create new variable on the master
Publish
In the “Connection Settings” tab, all general settings for the MODBUS connection
are performed, such as the response timeout of requests and request intervals.
Settings for “TCP Keepalive” specifically apply to MODBUS/TCP connections;
“Type Of Service (IP)” applies to MODBUS-UDP and TCP connections.
Figure 35: “Connection Settings” Tab
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Table 26: Key to “Connection Settings” Tab
Parameter
Description
Communication Settings
Response timeout [ms] Wait time in ms until a request is repeated
Request interval [ms]
Time in ms between two successive requests
Keepalive (TCP)
KeepAliveTime [s]
The time span in seconds (once) between the last data
packet and the first KeepAlive packet (probe)
KeepAliveInterval [s]
Interval in seconds between two successive Keepalive
packets (Probes)
KeepAliveProbes
Number of Keepalive packets until the connection is
[Number]
considered lost/removed
Type of Service (IP)
Low Delay
Sets the “Low Delay” attribute in the IP header
High Throughput
Sets the “High Throughput” attribute in the IP header
High Reliability
Sets the “High Reliability” attribute in the IP header
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MODBUS Slave Configurator
The MODBUS Slave Configurator is used to configure the MODBUS-accessible
variables.
The left-hand column contains a tabular overview of all variables published via
MODBUS. The variables present in the slave application are mapped in the righthand column.
Figure 36: MODBUS Slave Configurator
The function of the right-hand column is identical to the function in the
MODBUS master configurator. A variable can be deleted in the left-hand column,
otherwise the column is only for informational purposes.
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CANopen Configurator
“CANopen Remote Device” Tab
This tab sets the parameters in order to configure the sending and receiving of
messages of other CANopen devices, such as the cyclic polling or monitoring of
devices.
Figure 37: “CANopen Remote Device” Tab (view with “Expert Settings” checkbox enabled)
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Table 27: Key for Figure “CANopen Remote Device Tab”
Parameter
General
Node ID
[SDO Channels]
Description
Selects the node ID or station address (1 …
126) that the PFC uses to communicate with
the slave in the CAN network.
Opens the “SDO Channel Configuration”
window for configuring the service data
objects (SDO).
With some devices, this can be used to
configure the communication parameters for
the SDO transfer.
Figure 38: SD Channel Configuration
Column
Channel
Activate
NodeID
Enable Expert Settings
Generate all SDOs
Enable Sync Producing
Optional Device
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Description
Channel number
Activate channel
Additional node ID for SDO
transfers (e.g., a channel for
communication with the master
and a channel for the
communication with another
slave)
Resulting “Communication
Client
Object ID” of the client
COB-ID
Resulting “Communication
Server
Object ID” of the server
COB-ID
When enabled, the following expert functions
described are displayed
When enabled, SDOs are generated for all
objects from the EDS file
In addition, the corresponding options must be
activated. If writing nodeguarding objects is
required, the checkbox for the “Nodeguarding”
option must be enabled.
When disabled, SDOs are only generated for
the objects with default values that deviate
from the EDS file.
When enabled, synchronization messages are
generated for synchronizing the process
images between devices via this slave.
When enabled, the CAN network is also
“OPERATIONAL” (ready for communication
via PDOs), if the device is not available.
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Table 27: Key for Figure “CANopen Remote Device Tab”
Parameter
No Initialization
Reset Node
Nodeguarding
Enable Nodeguarding
Guard Time (ms)
Life Time Factor
Heartbeat
Enable Heartbeat Production
Producer Time (ms)
[Heartbeat Consuming]
Description
When enabled, no parameterization of the
slave is performed by the master.
When enabled, the slave is reset by the PFC
before the configuration is sent to the slave.
When enabled, the slave monitors the PFC for
possible interruptions during fieldbus
communication.
Selects the interval in which the PFC expects
“Confirmation” from the slave.
Sets the multiplication value for the “Guard
Time.”
If the time resulting from “Guard Time” x
“Life Time Factor” (“Node Life Time”) has
elapsed, the slave is switched to the predefined
state.
When enabled, the CAN device produces
heartbeats at the ms intervals entered at
“Producer Time.”
Opens the “Heartbeat Consuming Properties”
dialog.
Figure 39: Heartbeat Consuming Properties
When enabled, the CAN device monitors the
“Heartbeat” of the device selected by Node ID.
The Master Heartbeat is entered automatically
as standard.
Either “Heartbeat” or “Nodeguarding” can be
used for monitoring.
Emergency
Enable Emergency
COB-ID
When enabled, the slave sends error and status
messages (Emergency messages).
When disabled, the SDO 0x1014 is not
transferred to the slave. The standard setting of
the slave therefore continues to be valid.
CAN identifier, preset: Node-ID + 0x80
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Table 27: Key for Figure “CANopen Remote Device Tab”
Parameter
TIME
Enable TIME Production
COB-ID (Hex)
Enable TIME Consumption
Checks at Startup
Check Vendor ID
Check Product Number
Check Revision Number
Description
When enabled, the slave sends “Time”
messages for synchronizing network devices.
CAN identifier, preset: Node-ID + 0x80
The slave receives “Time” messages.
Manufacturer ID of the CAN device
Product number of the CAN device
Revision number of the CAN device
“PDO Mapping” Tab
Process data objects (PDO) transport data. These are divided into send and receive
objects (TPDO and RPDO). This tab displays and performs the mapping between
process data objects (PDO).
The receive PDO is selected in the left-hand area, and the send PDO (from the
point of view of the controller) in the right-hand area.
Figure 40: “PDO Mapping Tab”
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Table 28: Key for Figure “PDO Mapping Tab”
Column
Name
Index
SubIndex
Bit length
Force explicit
deactivating of PDOs
Description
Name of PDO
Index of PDO
Subindex of PDO
Bit length of the PDO
When enabled, the displayed PDOs are no longer used
for communication.
“Receive PDO Mapping”/“Send PDO Mapping” Tab
These tabs are displayed if the “Expert Settings” option is enabled in the
“CANopen Remote Device” tab.
They display the receive and send PDOs.
“Service Data Object” Tab
This tab displays the Service Data Objects (SDO). Additional SDOs can also be
created for parameterization. SDOs transfer parameters to the device
configuration.
On initialization of the CAN bus, the set values will be transmitted to the slaves as
SDOs.
Figure 41: “Service Data Object Tab”
Table 29: Key to Figure “Service Data Object Tab”
Column
Line
Index:Subindex
Name
Value
Description
Line number
Index and subindex of the SDO
Name of the service data object
Value of the service data object
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Table 29: Key to Figure “Service Data Object Tab”
Column
Bit length
Abort if error
Jump to line if error
Next line
Comment
[Move up]
[Move down]
[New…]
Description
Bit length of the service data object
Not used
Not used
Not used
Displays the comment
Can be changed by selecting and overwriting the cell
Moves the entry up
Moves the entry down
Opens a dialog window for adding an existing
service data object from the list
Additional new service data objects can be created or
selected service data objects changed in the lower
area.
Adding/changing is performed by double-clicking an
entry or via the [OK] button.
Figure 42: Adding Service Data Objects
Parameters
Index:Subindex
Name
Access Type
[Delete…]
[Edit…]
SDO Timeout (ms)
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Description
Index and subindex of the SDO
Name of SDO
Displays which objects can be
changed (RW)
Data type
Data type of the SDO
Default
Value from the EDS file
Deletes one or several selected service data objects
Opens a dialog for editing a selected service data
object
Not used
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“CANopen I/O Mapping” Tab
The tab displays the mapping of CODESYS IEC objects to CAN variables.
Figure 43: “CANopen I/O Mapping” Tab
Table 30: Key to Figure “CANopen I/O Mapping” Tab
Column/Button
Variable
Mapping
Channel
Address
Type
Unit
Description
Description
Project variable
Displays which variable is new and which variable
already exists:
The variable is not yet available, is newly created
and can then be used in the entire project.
Uses an already existing variable for mapping
Channel name
Variable address
Variable data type
Unit of the variable
Variable description
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Configuring the CANopen Slave:
The Configurator is opened after a slave is selected using the appropriate button in
the “Settings” panel.
General Configuration
Figure 44: CANopen Slave Configuration
Table 31: General Configuration
Parameter
General
Node ID
[Edit I/O area…]
Description
Selects the node ID or station address (1 … 126) that the
PFC uses to communicate with the slave in the CAN
network.
Opens the dialog for creating I/O areas or process data
objects and the corresponding object directory indices
(slaves).
The possible number and size of the I/O areas depends on
the number of unused PDOs. The actual number of Used
TxPDOs and Used RxPDOs is displayed below the table
(max. 16 PDOs).
Figure 45: Edit I/O Area
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Table 31: General Configuration
Parameter
Description
Range Name
Count
Datatype
Index
Force new
PDO
[Add area…]
Displays the unique name of the range
This is automatically entered but can be
changed.
Displays the number of inputs/outputs.
The possible values depend on the data
type and the actual number of PDOs.
Displays the data type of the process data
object:
USINT, UINT, UDINT, ULINT, SINT,
INT, DINT, LINT, REAL, LREAL
Displays the index in the object dictionary
of the slave that is assigned to the new
object
If this option is enabled (default), each
new I/O area is mapped to a new PDO —
even if the existing PDO mapping is not
yet full. Otherwise, the actual PDO
mapping is completely filled in before a
new PDO is created.
Opens a dialog for defining a range
Figure 46: Add I/O Range
[Delete area…] Deletes ranges and associated data (e.g.,
mapping variables, PDOs, PDO mapping)
of the selected entries
Displays the current number or
Used
TxPDOs/Used receive/send process data objects
The possible number and size of the I/O
RxPDOs
areas depends on the number of unused
PDOs.
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Table 31: General Configuration
Parameter
Description
[OK]
Activates the new I/O range and displays
it in the I/O overview table
Input/output channels and mapping
variables are created. In the device's object
dictionary, each I/O range receives its own
index (output range: 0x3000 … 0x30FF,
input range: 0x3800 … 0x38FF) and each
individual input/output within the input
range of a subindex. When an I/O range is
created, PDOs are automatically created
(RxPDOs start with 0x1400, TxPDOs with
0x1800). If the “Force New PDO” option
is enabled (see above), the inputs/outputs
are automatically mapped sequentially to
these new PDOs.
Closes the dialog and discards any
[Cancel]
changes
Opens a dialog for creating configuration data objects
[Edit SDO
Parameter area…] The description of the dialog is the same as that of “[Edit
I/O area…].”
Figure 47: Edit Parameter Range
EDS File
Vendor
Name
Vendor Number
Product Name
Product Number
Revision Number
[Generate EDS
File...]
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Name of the device manufacturer
Number of the device manufacturer
Name of the product
Number of the product
Revision number of the product
This function enables an EDS file to be generated from the
slave configuration.
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CANbus Slave I/O Mapping
The window displays the I/O mapping of the slave side.
Figure 48: CANbus Slave I/O Mapping
Table 32: CANbus I/O Mapping
Column/Button
Variable
Mapping
Type
Description
Project variable
Displays which variable is new and which variable
already exists:
The variable is not yet available, is newly created
and can then be used in the entire project.
Uses a pre-existing variable for mapping.
Variable data type
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Configuring the CANopen Master
The CANopen master configurator opens when the master device is selected and
the appropriate button in the “Settings” panel is clicked. It contains two tabs:
“CANopen Manager” and “CANopen I/O Mapping.”
CANopen Manager
Figure 49: CANopen Manager
Table 33: CANopen Remote Device
Parameter
General
Node ID
Description
Selects the node ID or station address (1 …
126) that the PFC uses to communicate with
the slave in the CAN network
[Check and fix configuration…] Opens a dialog for editing conflicts and for
automatic repair
Figure 50: Check and Fix Configuration
Autostart CANopenManager
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When enabled, starts the CANopen Manager
automatically (OPERATIONAL) as soon as all
obligatory slaves are ready.
Otherwise, the CANopen Manager must be
started by the application using the “CiA405
NMT” function block.
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Table 33: CANopen Remote Device
Parameter
Start Slaves
Description
When enabled, the CANopen Manager is
responsible for starting the slaves.
Otherwise the slaves must be started by the
application using the “CiA405 NMT” function
block.
Polling of optional slaves
When enabled, a slave that does not return a
response during the boot sequence is polled
regularly by the CANopen Manager until it
returns a response.
This option is currently enabled by default.
NMT Error Behavior
The NWT error behavior is not currently
configurable.
NMT Start All (if possible)
The “NWT Start All” option cannot be
selected at present.
Sync
Enable Sync Production
When enabled, (disabled by default), the
CANopen Manager transmits synchronization
telegrams
Observe note on “Sync
Production!”
If “Sync Production” is enabled in the
CANopen Manager, this function is
disabled for all other bus stations.
COB-ID (Hex)
Cycle Period (µs)
Window Length (µs)
Enable Sync Consumption
Heartbeat
Enable Heartbeat Production
Node-ID
Producer Time (ms)
The following settings are available:
CAN ID of the SYNC telegram
Possible value range: [1, 2047]
Interval length (in microseconds) after which
the synchronization telegram is sent
Not configurable
When enabled, (disabled by default), the
receipt of synchronization telegrams of other
devices by the CANopen Manager is displayed
When enabled, the CAN device produces
heartbeats at the ms intervals entered at
“Producer Time.”
Unique identification (1–27) of the Heartbeat
producer on the bus.
ms intervals in which heartbeats are sent
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Table 33: CANopen Remote Device
Parameter
TIME
Enable TIME Production
COB-ID (Hex)
Producer Time (ms)
Description
When enabled, the slave sends a time stamp
“Communication Object Identifier” which
identifies the message's time stamp
Default values: [0, 2047], default 100
Interval in milliseconds in which the time
stamp is sent
This value must be a multiple of the task cycle
time.
CANopen I/O Mapping:
The window displays the master's I/O mapping.
Figure 51: CANopen I/O Mapping
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PROFIBUS Configurator
The PROFIBUS Slave Configurator creates data points for communication
between the IEC program and PROFIBUS. The following functions are provided:
•
Creation of data points
•
Deletion of data points
•
Mapping of data points to existing IEC variables (CODESYS configuration
user interface)
•
Creation of data points as new CODESYS variables (CODESYS
configuration user interface); these can be addressed directly in the program
editor.
•
Export of the configuration in the form of a device description file (*.gsd or
*.gsg).
The configuration user interface consists of two main areas: “Data Points” tab and
“I/O-Mapping” tab, which are arranged beneath the device images.
The “Data Points” tab lists defined data points and creates or deletes new ones.
The data points are shown in tabular form. Each column represents a property of
the data point. After a data point is created, properties (interdependent) can be
changed. The individual table cells serve as entry or selection windows.
Figure 52: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator
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Table 34: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator
Parameter
Variable
Data type
Direction
Length (Array)
Slot
Size
Module designation
Description
Displays the data point name
The name is always identical to the name of the IEC
variable
Displays the data type of the data point, as well as the
variable per IEC
The following data types are supported:
• BOOL
• BYTE
• WORD
• DWORD
• SINT
• INT
• DINT
• USINT
• UINT
• UDINT
• REAL
• ARRAY OF BOOL
• ARRAY OF BYTE
• ARRAY OF WORD
• ARRAY OF DWORD
• ARRAY OF SINT
• ARRAY OF INT
• ARRAY OF DINT
• ARRAY OF USINT
• ARRAY OF UINT
• ARRAY OF UDINT
• ARRAY OF REAL
Indicates whether it is input data or output data
Displays the number of elements
With simple data types (no arrays), the value is always set
to 1. With arrays, the value can be changed.
Displays the slot's number
Each data point is automatically assigned a slot. This
cannot be changed. The data of a slot is always transmitted
in a PROFIBUS telegram. This guarantees the consistency
of the transferred data.
Displays the size of the data point in bytes
Displays the module name
Each data point can be assigned a module name. If a userdefined name is not assigned, the name is generated from
the data type and the number of elements. This is
automatically updated with changes. A default name is
also generated for deleted module names.
Right-clicking inside the table opens the context menu for adding (New),
removing (Delete) or rearranging (Up / Down) data points. These commands are
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also provided in the menu ribbon. The menu ribbon also provides commands for
creating and duplicating several data points.
Figure 53: Context Menu of a Data Point
The lower area of the PROFIBUS Configurator displays a gray status line.
Clicking the text of the status line toggles between two views: “Used” and
“Remaining.” The first view shows the slots, input bytes and output bytes already
used. The second view shows the remaining bytes.
Figure 54: Information in the Status Line of the PROFIBUS Configurator
The “I/O Mapping” tab performs mapping to the variables (if required).
Figure 55: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator
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Table 35: PROFIBUS Configurator
Parameter
Variable
Mapping
Channel
Address
Type
Unit
Description
[Reset
mapping]
Always update
variables
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Description
Displays the name of the assigned or created variable.
This name is visible in the IEC program.
Displays which variable is new and which variable already
exists:
The variable is not yet available, is newly created and can
then be used in the entire project.
Uses an already existing variable for mapping
Displays the data point's name
Displays the data point's IEC address
Displays the variable's data type
Not used in this context
Displays the description
Deletes all mapping to existing variables
Defines whether the I/O variables are updated in the bus cycle
task. The default value is defined in the device description.
Use parent device settings
Updates the settings according to the settings of the parent
device
Activated 1 (use bus cycle task if not used in a task)
Updates the I/O variables in the bus cycle task if they are
used in no other task
Activated 2 (always in the bus cycle task)
Updates all variables in each cycle of the bus cycle task,
regardless of whether they are used or whether they are
mapped to an input or output channel
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8.2.3.3.3 Device Detail View
The Device Detail view is opened by double-clicking a device in the Network
view. The Device Detail view is designed for each specific product series. It adds
modules to a head station (via Drag & Drop from the Product Catalog), for simple
cable tests on digital input/output modules (lamp test by clicking LEDs), as well
as an entry point for configuring displayed devices.
Figure 56: Device View (Example: Fieldbus Controller with Connected Modules)
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Table 36: Elements of the Device View
No. Description
1 Head Station/Controller
Detailed view of a head station/controller in the project
2 Arranged Modules
Detailed view of arranged modules To check the wiring, the LEDs of digital
input/output modules can be switched on and off with a mouse click (if the
device is connected online and control mode is active).
3 Positioning Line for Modules
Position where new modules are added. Displayed if a module is dragged to
the Device Detail view with the mouse.
4 End Module
Display of the end module that terminates a node. End modules cannot be
removed.
5 I/O Mapping
Mapping and assignment of input, output, and memory addresses of the
controller to project variables that are used by the application.
Right-clicking a device displays the different buttons of the context menu:
Figure 57: I/O Module Context Menu
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Table 37: Context Menu of a Device
Symbol Function
Copy
Description
Copies selected modules
Insert
Inserts copied modules
Delete
Deletes selected modules from the node
Connect
Opens an online connection to the node
Disconnect
Upload
Removes the connection between the development and
target systems
Starts the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Stops the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Scans the node for the presence of modules and
displays results in a list
Reads parameters from the displayed devices
Download
Writes parameters to the displayed device
I/O-Check
Opens the “I/O CHECK” tab (see Section “I/O CHECK
Tab”)
Displays device settings in the corresponding panel (see
Section “Panels” > “Settings”)
Start
Stop
Scan
Settings
The I/O mapping is displayed below the Device Detail view.
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I/O Mapping
I/O mapping is the assignment of input, output, and memory addresses of the
controller to project variables that are used by the application.
The display refers to the selected I/O module in the Device Detail view. If several
I/O modules are selected, the I/O mapping of the last selected I/O module is
displayed.
Figure 58: I/O Mapping
Table 38: I/O Mapping
Column
Variable
Value
(example)
“Input01”
Mapping
Channel
Address
“Input channel
1”
“%IB3”
Description
Input field for the name of the variable to be
used for mapping the channel in the CODESYS
application.
Double-clicking the input field displays the […]
button for opening the Input Assistant.
Symbol which displays a new or existing
variable.
The variable is not yet available, is newly
created and can then be used in the entire
project.
Uses an already existing variable for mapping
Displays the symbolic name of the channel.
Displays the address of the channel in the
following format:
%<Memory area><Data type><Number(s)>
Memory area:
I
Input/input memory area
Q
Output/output memory area
M
Marker memory area
Data type:
X
Single bit
None Single bit
B
Byte (8 Bit)
W
Word (16 Bit)
D
Double word (32 Bit)
For additional information on I/O mapping and
addressing, see the CODESYS Online Help,
“I/O Mapping.”
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Table 38: I/O Mapping
Column
Type
Unit
Description
Value
(example)
“BYTE”
Description
Displays the channel data type
The table cell remains empty if non-IEC data
types are involved.
“ms”
Displays the unit of the parameter value
“Process data
Writes the parameter
input channel 1” Edit the entry by double-clicking the entry field
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“Programming” Workspace
The “Programming” workspace is similar to the CODESYS 3.0 programming
environment.
Different editors are displayed in the middle of the workspace, and are opened by
double-clicking on objects in the Project Structure or via the “Edit” button in the
menu ribbon. The tab carries the name of the selected object.
The “Programming” workspace also contains its own panels, which can be used
for programming (breakpoints, call stack, cross reference list).
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8.2.3.4.1 Program Editor
The program editor is displayed in a tab if a program (e.g., PLC_PRG) is doubleclicked in the Project Structure or the “Edit” button of the menu ribbon is clicked.
For additional information, see the CODESYS online help.
Figure 59: Elements of the Program Editor
Table 39: Elements of the Program Editor
No. Description
1 Tabs
Program editors, library managers, visualizations are displayed based on the
selection in the Program Structure (double-clicking).
Right-clicking a tab opens a context menu that contains the following
functions:
“Close,” “Close all windows apart from this one,” “Undock/Dock”, “New
horizontal/vertical tab group” and “Move to the next/previous tab group”.
2 Declaration Editor
This area normally appears above the program code. It contains the program
name, the scope of validity and variable declarations
(see CODESYS online help: “Options, Declaration Editor”).
3 Active Tabs
Shows active tabs in a selection list.
4 Text/Table Toggle Button
Toggles between textual and tabular view
(see CODESYS online help: “Options, Declaration Editor”)
Textual View
Tabular View
5 Language Editor
The program code appears here when using language editors such as for
“Structured Text” (ST) or “Continuous Function Chart” (CFC).
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8.2.3.4.2 Library Manager
Libraries contain collections of reusable objects such as functions, function blocks
or variables that are incorporated into projects. The contents of these libraries can
be used here without any new declaration. The library manager is used to manage
the libraries of a project.
The following libraries are supported:
•
User-Related Libraries, which contain ready-to-use software solutions for
manufacturing, building and process automation
•
Function-Related Libraries, which contain technology functions and
simple applications, such as for opening a communication connection
•
WAGO and CODESYS System Libraries which enable complete system
access
Only use system libraries from WAGO!
In order to use functions adapted to WAGO devices, only use WAGO's
proprietary system libraries. You can recognize these libraries by the prefix
“Wago” in the library name.
Additional Information
Further notes on the libraries are provided in the manual “Libraries for
e!COCKPIT (Overview and Migration Instructions)”.
The manual provides an overview of libraries that can be used in e!COCKPIT. It
also provides instructions on importing software projects created in the WAGOI/O-PRO, CODESYS-2 or CODESYS-3 programming environments. The
appendix of this manual provides an overview of corresponding functions in
libraries for WAGO-I/O-PRO and e!COCKPIT.
Additional information on converting CODESYS 2 and CODESYS 3 projects is
provided in the CODESYS online help: (“Converting”).
Permanently install libraries!
Note that all libraries must be incorporated permanently. If you simply replace
the library files in your local library directory, the libraries are not available in
e!COCKPIT. They must be installed from the repository.
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Figure 60: Library Manager
Table 40: Library Manager
Button
[Add library]
[Delete library]
[Properties]
[Details]
[Placeholders]
[Library repository]
Description
Opens a dialog for library selection.
The library manager adds to the project a reference to
the library already installed in the repository.
Deletes the reference to the selected library
Displays general properties of the selected library
Displays details of the selected library
Displays placeholders used and adds target systemindependent libraries.
Depending on the device, the appropriate library is
used; the standard library is used if no devices are
available.
Allows the addition and deletion of libraries from the
Library Repository
Libraries are permanently installed in e!COCKPIT.
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</dg_
8.2.3.4.3 Task Configuration
A task is a temporal sequence and control unit in an IEC program. It is defined by
name, priority, type and a start condition. Either temporal conditions or an internal
or external event can be defined for starting the task.
If a device is added to a project, a task configuration with a main task is
automatically added for this device in the Program Structure (see the following
Section). This calls one or several POUs. Call sequence is defined by the
combination of priority and condition.
Time monitoring for each task can also be configured (watchdog). The setting
options depend on the target system.
The task configuration is opened by double-clicking the appropriate entry in the
Program Structure. The “Properties” tab shows the basic settings, such as
maximum values for tasks and watchdog parameters.
The “Monitor” tab displays the status and current statistics for cycle times in
online mode.
For additional information, see CODESYS online help: “Task Configuration
Editor > Dialog‚ Properties.”
Figure 61: Task Configuration
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8.2.3.4.4 “PLC_Task” Main Task
Configured tasks are displayed below the task configuration in the Program
Structure. A “PLC_Task” main task is automatically created first for each task
configuration. Tasks can be edited or deleted. The number behind the task
indicates how many program calls are associated with the task. The task can be
double-clicked to change the name. Other tasks can be extended by right-clicking
them in the task configuration and choosing [Add New Element] > Task in the
context menu.
For additional information, see CODESYS online help: “Task Configuration
Editor > Configuration Dialog.”
Figure 62: “PLC_Task” Main Task
Table 41: “PLC_Task” Main Task
Parameter
Priority (1...15)
“Cyclic” Type
Description
Indicates the task priority on a scale between 1 to 15
1 = highest priority
15 = lowest priority
Task priority can affect the runtime behavior
of the controller!
Note that a set task priority in the critical range
(1 .. 3) can considerably affect the runtime
behavior of the controller.
Defines the time after which the task will be restarted.
The cycle time (e.g., “200”) corresponds to the task cycle
time entered in the “Interval” field in milliseconds “ms” or
microseconds “µs.”
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Table 41: “PLC_Task” Main Task
Parameter
“Event” Type
“External” Type
“Freewheeling”
Type
“Status” Type
Watchdog
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Description
Observe requirements for other bus systems!
When entering the task cycle time, consider
system requirements. For example, in CAN bus
systems, this must fit the currently set baud rate
and the number of frames used on the bus.
To prevent the loss of CAN frames, also enter
multiples of the task cycle time for Heartbeat,
Nodeguarding and Sync.
Starts the processing of the task as soon as a rising edge
occurs on the variable defined in the “Event” text field
The […] button opens the Input Assistant with a list of all
available global variables.
Use at least on a cyclic task for inputs!
If the event that controls a task comes from an
input, there must be at least one task that is not
event-triggered. Otherwise the inputs and
outputs are never updated and the eventcontrolled task is never started.
Starts task processing as soon as the event defined in the
“Event” field occurs (events dependent on the target
system)
Begins task processing at the start of the program and
restarts automatically in a continuous loop at the end of the
task (no defined cycle time)
Starts task processing if the variable of the “Event” field
has the value TRUE
Defines watchdog parameters for a task.
Depending on the device used and definitions in the
respective device description, setting options (upper/lower
limits, default values, units, etc.) may be different than the
settings shown. The watchdog can be switched off for
specific cycles.
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Table 41: “PLC_Task” Main Task
Parameter
Enable
[Add call]
Description
If this option is activated, the watchdog is active. The task
ends with an error status if the entered cycle time incl. set
tolerance (sensitivity) is exceeded.
Several successive timeouts:
A sensitivity of 0 or 1 generates the exception error in
cycle 1, a sensitivity of 2 to n generates the exception error
in cycle 2 to n.
With Single Timeout:
Exception error if the cycle time of the current cycle is
longer than (time * sensitivity)
Example: Cycle time 10 ms and sensitivity 5
Exception error as soon as the task (once) is longer than
50 ms.
If this option is deactivated, the watchdog is deactivated.
There is no task watchdog.
Opens a dialog for adding a program or POU call
The dialog can likewise be opened in the Program
Structure (right-click on a task > Program Call).
Figure 63: Selecting a Program via the Input Assistant
[Remove Call]
[Change Call]
[Move up]
[Move down]
[Open POU]
For additional information, see CODESYS online help:
“Program Call”
Removes the selected program call
Opens the Input Assistant for selecting another program or
POU
Moves the selected program or POU up by one position in
the processing sequence
Moves the selected program or POU down by one position
in the processing sequence
Opens the selected program in the programming editor
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8.2.3.4.5 Breakpoints
Breakpoints are used for debugging an application program. Breakpoints enable
the program to be stopped at a defined position or executed in defined steps.
The breakpoint list is displayed in a window. This is opened via the menu ribbon,
“VIEW” tab, [Breakpoints] button.
The “DEBUG” tab enables breakpoints to be set at the actual position in the
Programming Editor ([New] button). It is also possible to toggle between the
active and inactive state of a breakpoint ([Toggle] button).
Program symbols:
Breakpoint active
Breakpoint inactive
Stop at the breakpoint in online mode
Figure 64: Breakpoints
Further information on creating and editing breakpoints can be found in
CODESYS online help: (“Breakpoints”).
8.2.3.4.6 Call Stack
During the step-by-step execution of a program, this always shows the currently
reached position in the call stack with a complete call path.
The “Call Stack” panel is opened as a panel via the “View” tab of the menu
ribbon.
Figure 65: Call Stack
Further information on creating and editing call stacks can be found in the
CODESYS online help: (“Call Stack”).
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8.2.3.4.7 Cross Reference List
The cross reference list shows all occurrences of a variable in the project or the
active editor.
The “Cross Reference List” panel is opened as a panel via the “View” tab of the
menu ribbon.
Figure 66: Cross Reference List
Further information on creating and editing cross reference lists can be found in
CODESYS online help: (“Cross Reference List”).
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User-Defined Workspaces
e!COCKPIT's graphical user interface can be configured as needed. Predefined
workspaces are provided for two main tasks in a window layout
(“Network/Devices” and “Programming”).
These workspaces can be customized with user-defined settings, additional
panels, window divisions, etc. and saved as a user-defined workspace. Use the
[Manage] button within the “START” tab for this. After saving, a new button is
displayed in the “START” tab through which the new workspace can be accessed.
Figure 67: Creating and Managing User-Defined Workspaces
The information for user-defined workspaces is stored for each user in the local
Windows properties.
If the default “Network/Devices” or “Programming” workspaces were changed
and overwritten with [Save the current workspace], the default settings can be
restored at any time in the Backstage view, [Options] > [Standard workspaces]
> [Reset standard workspaces].
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Panels
The workspace in e!COCKPIT consists of different windows; within these
windows, the panels can be arranged as required.
Figure 68: Panels
The “Network/Devices” workspace displays the “Device Structure,” “Product
Catalog” and “Settings” panels by default. The “Programming” workspace
displays the “Program Structure” panel. This and other panels, such as
“Messages” or the panels related to programming such as “Cross Reference
Lists,” can be displayed via the “VIEW” tab.
Figure 69: Displaying Panels
Panels can be docked, floated and grouped.
The selection panel synchronizes the selection in other windows or areas of the
workspace. The commands and functions of individual tabs depend on the
particular elements selected in the panels.
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8.2.3.6.1 Device Structure
The Device Structure panel is used for display and providing navigation between
the different devices integrated in a project. The panel is part of the
“Network/Devices” workspace and is opened via the [Network/Devices] button
in the “VIEW” tab.
Figure 70: “Device Structure” Panel
The devices are organized in groups that are based on product segments of a
Product Catalog, e.g., “Controllers,” or “I/O Systems.”
Device types are represented with different pictograms. A four-section display
behind the device pictogram indicates a device’s status for the connection, PLC,
internal bus and fieldbus (see Section “Workspaces” > “General Status Display
for Connections”). This is followed by the device name based on the device
description file. The name can be double-clicked in order to change it.
It is possible to toggle between Device Structure and Program Structure by
clicking the tabs in the panel.
Other functions can be accessed via the context menu of a device. These functions
are explained in the Section “Tiles.”
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The “Program Structure” is used for display and providing navigation between the
different devices integrated in a project. The panel is part of the “Programming”
workspace and is opened via the [Programming] button in the “VIEW” tab.
The program elements are displayed by device group (“Application ([Device
Name])”).
Figure 71: “Program Structure” Panel
A four-section status display provided in front of each application indicates the
status with regard to connection, PLC, internal bus and fieldbus (see Section
“General Status Display for Connections”).
A running program is indicated by a green circle icon displayed in front of it.
Possible error states (such as compiler errors) are indicated with a red underline
just as they are in CODESYS. Programs excluded from compiling are indicated in
gray.
Right-clicking an element in the list opens a context menu that contains additional
functions.
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Figure 72: Context Menu of an Application
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Table 42: Context Menu of an Application
Symbol Function
Copy
Description
Copies the selected element
Insert
Inserts the copied element
Delete
Deletes the selected element from the Program
Structure
Opens an online connection to one or several selected
applications
Removes the connection between the development and
target systems (controller or simulated device) and
returns to offline mode
Starts the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Stops the application on the controller or in the
simulation
Opens the programming editor for entering program
code
Opens a dialog in which program properties can be
edited (see CODESYS online help: “Properties,
General”)
Connect
Disconnect
Start
Stop
Editor
Settings
Depending on the element that is right-clicked, other CODESYS elements can be
appended to the structure, e.g., other program organization units (POUs),
visualizations or variable lists. For additional information, see the CODESYS
online help: “Adding Objects.”
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8.2.3.6.3 Product Catalog
The Product Catalog displays all devices that are available in the system and have
device drivers that are installed (Backstage view > [Product Catalog] > [Add
Devices]). The devices can be sorted by product segment and protocol type.
If the Network view is activated, only controllers are visible – not modules!
If Network view is active, no modules are shown in the Product Catalog. These
are only displayed when Device Detail view is active. No internal WAGO
modules (e.g., the internal bus) or end modules are shown.
Figure 73: “Product Catalog” Panel
Table 43: Buttons of the “Product Catalog” Panel
Button
[Sort by product
segment]
[Sort by
communication
protocol]
[Move to the
product catalog
management]
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Displays the products by segment:
• Operation and monitoring
• Controllers
• I/O systems
• Accessories
• Modules
• Basic network functions
• Other communication partners
Sorts the devices by protocol type, such as:
• MODBUS
• PROFIBUS
• CANopen
• Serial interface
Moves to the “Product Catalog” page of the
Backstage view for incorporating new devices
([Add devices] button)
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Table 43: Buttons of the “Product Catalog” Panel
Button
[Display the
available versions]
Description
Displays in the tree structure all available device
type versions of a device.
This function can be switched on/off for each tab in
the Product Catalog.
Figure 74: Displaying Available Versions
[Expand]
[Collapse]
Opens all elements of the tree structure (up to device
level)
Closes all elements of the tree structure
Functions of the Product Catalog:
•
To add a device to a project, individual devices are dragged from the
Product Catalog and dropped onto a tile in the Network view.
Figure 75: Dragging Devices to the Network View
•
Hovering the mouse over a device will display a tooltip showing the product
view, device name, type, order number of the device.
Figure 76: Displaying Product Information
•
A green “+” symbol is also displayed. Clicking this symbol adds a device to
the next free position in the project.
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Figure 77: Adding a Device to a Project
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</dg_
8.2.3.6.4 Settings
Device parameters are selected in the “Settings” panel. The parameters can be
entered within defined limits. Entries in the “Settings” panel depend on the device
selection and are based on the relevant device description of the selected device.
Complex modules or devices with more extensive settings, e.g., those involving
CANopen or PROFIBUS parameters, can be set using integrated configurators.
The configurators are opened from this panel via the relevant buttons. The setting
options for these device configurators, as well as an explanation of individual
parameters, can be found in the manual of the respective device.
Figure 78: “Settings” Panel with the Button to a Device Configurator (CANopen)
If a head station is selected in Device Detail view or a device in Network view,
the “Settings” panel also serves as an entry point for opening network
configurators for MODBUS, CANopen and PROFIBUS connections. Network
configurators are described in Section “Fieldbus-Specific Configurators”.
Other PLC settings can be carried out via the second tab.
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Figure 79: Additional Plc Settings
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8.2.3.6.5 Message Bar and Message Window
e!COCKPIT features a message bar below the menu ribbon that displays any
warnings, messages or errors during configuration, programming or validation.
Up to three messages from different sources can be output. The info symbol on
each line shows the meaning of the message: Error, warning or info.
Figure 80: Message Bar
Table 44: Message Bar Elements
No. Description
1 Message type “Errors”
1 Name of the affected element, e.g., the program “PLC_PRG”
2 Short message description
3 Button for opening the message window
4 Close current message and display next message
Error messages can refer, for example, to validations of the Device Detail or
Network view. CODESYS error messages, configuration errors (incompatible I/O
module), compiler errors, warnings, etc. can be displayed. The test is performed
continuously.
The complete message list is displayed in a message window. This is opened via
the [Display Message Window] button of the yellow message bar or alternatively
via the menu ribbon, “VIEW” tab, [Messages] button.
Figure 81: Message Window
Table 45: Elements of the Message Window
No. Description
1 Description: Description of the message
2 Filter Messages/Warning/Errors filter are checked (blue background) or
unchecked.
[Delete messages] removes all messages from the list.
3 Object: Name of the project element
4 Position: Line in the source code
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8.2.3.6.6 Other Panels
Besides the panels described, other device-specific panels may appear that are not
included in this description.
The contents of these tabs result from the particular device description file (DTP)
used.
The “Call stack,” “Breakpoints” and “Cross reference list” panels are described in
greater detail in the context of programming, see Section “Programming
Workspace”.
8.2.3.6.7 Status Bar
The status bar displays all relevant connection information of the currently
selected device with regard to the connection, PLC, internal bus and the fieldbus.
Figure 82: Status Bar
This information applies to one device. No status is displayed if several devices
are selected. However, the connection status is displayed in the status bar if
several applications of the same device with the same connection properties are
selected.
The individual symbols are explained in the Section “Workspace” > “General
Status Display for Connections”.
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Backstage View (Files and Settings)
The project file itself, as well as other general basic settings of e!COCKPIT, are
handled and managed via Backstage View, keeping these tasks separate from the
processing of actual project content.
The buttons of the navigation bar in the left-hand window display the relevant
pages in the right-hand window area or in a separate dialog. The individual pages
are described in the following sections.
Open the Backstage view from the Start view via [Other Projects] or via the
“FILE” tab of the main view.
Figure 83: Backstage View
Table 46: Legend for Figure Backstage View
No. Description
1
Back
Returns to the previous view
2
Pages
Shows the content for handling and managing files, as well as basic settings
for e!COCKPIT (see following Section)
3
Navigation Bar
Navigates via buttons to different pages that open in the right-hand window
area
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“New” Page
The “New” page creates a new project. Project templates provide special presets
for creating a project.
Some templates in the right-hand window offer additional setting options, such as
for creating a project with the “750 Series” template. This template creates a
project with a fieldbus controller and an initial application. Create the project by
clicking the [Create Project] button. The projects of templates that do not require
any additional settings are created immediately when these templates are clicked.
Figure 84: Backstage View, “New” Page
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“Open” Page
The “Open” page finds and opens documents.
Figure 85: Backstage View, “Open” Page
Table 47: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Open” Page
Button
[Automatically
saved]
[Last used]
[Computer]
Description
Displays (if present) automatically saved projects
Besides manual saving (“Save”/“Save as” page), the
project is also saved automatically by default every
10 minutes. The activation/deactivation of the automatic
saving and setting of the save interval are made on the
“Options” page.
Displays the last projects used
Hovering the mouse over one of these projects will cause a
gray pin to appear on the right. Clicking the pin will
permanently identify the corresponding project in the list
as a favorite.
Shows the last folder selected on the PC.
[Browse] opens files in other locations.
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“Save” and “Save As” Page
“Save” stores the project under the currently used file name and memory location.
The “Save as” page selects either the last folder used or another location via
[Browse].
See “Options” for automatic saving of projects.
Figure 86: Backstage View, “Save As” Page
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“Print” Page
The “Print” page generates a print version of the entire project content or selected
objects.
Figure 87: Backstage View, “Print” Page
Table 48: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Print” Page
Button
[Document project]
Description
Opens a dialog for selecting contents of the current
project that can be combined and printed
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“Import/Export” Page
The “Import/Export” page enables projects from CODESYS 2 and 3 to be
imported, as well as e!COCKPIT archives generated and opened.
Functions are provided for compiling and saving libraries ([IEC library] button)
if a library is selected on the “New” page as a project template.
Figure 88: Backstage View, “Import/Export” Page
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Table 49: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Import/Export” Page
Button
Program elements
Import
Export
CODESYS project
[Open CODESYS 2
project]
[Open CODESYS 3
project]
e!COCKPIT archive
[Save archive]
[Open archive]
IEC library
[Compile and save]
[Save in library
repository]
smartDESIGNER
[Import]
[Export]
Description
Imports program elements of an export file
Save program elements in an export
Imports CODESYS 2 projects (file suffix “.pro”)
Imports CODESYS 3 projects (file suffix “.project”)
Saves the current project on the controller as an archive
file.
The archive combines project-related files so that they
can be forwarded to third parties. An archive combines
all the files contained and referenced in the currently
opened project into a central “*.projectarchive” archive
file.
Opens a project present on the controller as an archive
file
Compiles and saves the library with the file suffix
“compiled-library”
Saves the library in the system repository
[Import] loads all devices and modules of a project
saved as a new project in e!COCKPIT from
smartDESIGNER via CAE export.
[Export] saves all devices and modules in a file that
can be read in from smartDESIGNER via the CAE
import and further processed.
The [Export] button is inactive if a project is not
present or a library project is selected.
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“Project Settings” Page
The “Project Settings” page is used to view and modify CODESYS-specific
project settings. For additional information, see the CODESYS Help.
Figure 89: Backstage View, “Project Settings” Page
Table 50: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Project Settings” Page
Button
[Project information]
[Project settings]
[Project environment]
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Opens the “Project Information” dialog to view or enter
file information/settings, statistics and license settings
(see CODESYS online help: “File, Project
information”)
Opens the “Project Settings” dialog for setting tasks
such as compiler options and visualization. Also opens
a dialog for security settings including project
encryption, user and access rights administration,
version handling and page settings for printing.
The availability of individual categories partly depends
on the installation scope (see CODESYS online help:
“File, Project settings”).
Opens the “Project Settings” dialog for managing
versions of embedded libraries, compilers, devices,
visualization profiles and styles (see CODESYS online
help: “File, Project environment”)
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“Product Catalog” Page
The “Product Catalog” page adds and deletes devices, as well as manages
installed device description files.
Figure 90: Backstage View, “Product Catalog” Page
The Product Catalog content is shown on the left-hand side of the page (see also
Section “Panels” > “Product Catalog”).
When a device is selected, the name, version and path of the installed device
description file are shown on the right-hand page (“Content of the device
description”).
The lower area lists all devices that belong to this description file and version
(“Supported Devices”).
Table 51: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Product Catalog” Page
Symbol/Function
[Add devices]
[Delete devices]
Description
Imports a device description file.
A window opens to select the description files.
Deletes the device description file for the device
selected in the Product Catalog, as well as for all
devices listed under “Supported devices” using the
same device description
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Table 51: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Product Catalog” Page
Symbol/Function
Description
Check projects on opening When a project is opened, this automatically checks
for new device descriptions for new versions of device description files
available for the included devices in the
e!COCKPIT Product Catalog
If updates are needed, the versions replaced are
indicated. The update is performed after
confirmation.
When disabled, there is no check for new device
descriptions.
The check can be performed manually and
individually for each device (“Replace Device
Description” function).
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“Options” Page
The “Options” page contains general settings such as language selection or
resetting of the workspaces, as well as CODESYS-specific settings. For additional
information, open CODESYS Help.
Figure 91: Backstage View, “Options” Page
Table 52: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Options” Page
Button
[Language setting]
[CODESYS options]
[Restore]
Description
Sets the language in which e!COCKPIT is started
(German, English)
The setting is activated when the software is restarted.
[Options] opens a window with general options that
control the appearance of the CODESYS user interfaces
embedded in e!COCKPIT (see CODESYS online help:
“Options dialog”).
[Library/visualization elements/visualization styles
repository] opens library repositories, visualization
elements and styles that are installed and used in
CODESYS projects.
The repositories stored there are installed from the
specified location permanently in e!COCKPIT. When
changing to other libraries, for example, these must not
be replaced in the local system folder but must be
imported from the repository in e!COCKPIT and
installed.
[Restore] saves the current project at regular intervals if
changes were carried out. The save interval can be set in
minutes (default activated, 10 min).
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Table 52: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Options” Page
Button
Description
[Standard workspaces] [Reset standard workspaces] resets changes to the
“Network/Devices” and “Programming” standard
workspaces back to the installation settings.
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“Help” Page
The “Help” page contains product and license information, product web pages,
support addresses and update options.
Figure 92: Backstage View, “Help” Page
Table 53: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Help” Page
Button
[Product information]
[Licensing]
[Updates]
Description
Displays the e!COCKPIT version.
[SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT] shows
e!COCKPIT conditions of use.
[Display information] shows the integrated CODESYS
version.
Displays information on the used product license
[Enter licenses] opens a dialog for entering access data.
Shows (can be filtered via
“Updates”/“New”/“Installed”) all available updates, as
well as previously installed versions of the e!COCKPIT
software, device description files, communication
drivers and IEC libraries
[Search for updates] opens a connection with the
Internet and searches for available updates.
[Install updates] installs selected components.
“Check for updates and license information on
starting e!COCKPIT” checks at program start for
available updates and displays them.
I accept the WAGO SOFTWARE LICENSE
AGREEMENT checks license information when
installing updates. The license agreement must therefore
be accepted to complete the installation.
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Table 53: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Help” Page
Button
[Support]
[Website]
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Displays Support contact information
Clicking the displayed email address causes a locally
installed mail client (if present) to open an email
window.
Clicking the [Generate Email with Log Files] attaches
all e!COCKPIT log files to your email.
Click the [Save log files] button to create and save a log
file.
Displays the link to the e!COCKPIT software website
This provides you with general information and
additional links.
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Operating
This section describes software operation through its stages and typical
workflows.
9.1
Working with the User Interface
In this section, familiarize yourself first of all with the general settings of the user
interface and the interaction between the workspaces and panels.
9.1.1
Using Online Help
The online help feature in e!COCKPIT contains the description of the
e!COCKPIT user interface (1) and help for the integrated CODESYS 3.5.(2)
software.
Figure 93: Using Online Help
Please note that some settings, windows, etc. in CODESYS online help may be
named differently and that the workflows described may differ slightly from those
in e!COCKPIT.
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Calling Up Online Help
The e!COCKPIT online help function is context-sensitive – the help pages
displayed relate directly to the currently active panel.
•
To display all sections of the Online Help, click [?] at the top right of the
window.
•
To display the online help of a selected/active panel, window or element of
the user interface, press the [F1] key.
•
Help information on devices are provided in DTP files which are installed
during the device installation. You can access the device help files via the
Windows Start menu > All Programs > WAGO Software > e!COCKPIT >
Device Help Files
•
Press [F1] if you are in a program editor and require help on elements from
libraries.
•
In the Library Manager, context-sensitive information on selected elements
of WAGO libraries is displayed in the “Documentation” tab. In the Library
Manager click a library and an element (e.g., a module) in order to display
more information.
Besides online help providing general information on entire windows or dialogs,
tooltips are provided for individual buttons.
•
9.1.1.2
To open a tooltip containing a short description of the button function, hover
the mouse over a button.
Search
Users can perform searches in the online help function to narrow down the results
displayed.
1.
Click the [Search] button in the online help window.
2.
Enter a search term in the text field.
3.
Start the search by pressing the [Enter] key or by using the [Search] button.
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9.1.2
Using Panels
9.1.2.1
Opening and Closing Panels
The workspace in e!COCKPIT consists of different windows; within these
windows, the panels can be arranged as required.
1.
Open the “VIEW” tab.
2.
Click the appropriate button to display the Device Structure, Program
Structure, Product Catalog, Messages or Settings panels. The “Settings”
panel can be selected as soon as a project contains a device.
Figure 94: Displaying Panels
The buttons of visible panels are highlighted in blue.
3.
To close a panel, click the ‘x’ on the panel itself.
Figure 95: Closing a Panel
9.1.2.2
Docking, Floating and Grouping Panels
To change the layout of the panels:
1.
Click the title bar of the appropriate panel.
2.
Hold down the mouse button and drag the panel to the required position.
The panel appears as a transparent blue object. Potential destinations are
shown for the panel.
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Figure 96: Docking Panels
3.
Docking:
To dock the panel at this position, release the mouse button precisely on the
appropriate location icon.
Floating:
To float the panel on the workspace, release the mouse button at any other
position.
Grouping:
Drag the panel over, underneath or between other panels so that a cross
appears. Release the mouse button on the appropriate side of the cross to
connect it with the desired panel.
Figure 97: Grouping Panels
To separate panels from each other, drag the particular panel to another area.
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Docking and Floating the Main View
The tabs of the main view cannot be docked, however they can be floated on the
workspace.
1.
Click the tab of the main view, hold down the mouse button and drag the
view to another position.
2.
To centrally dock the main view again, move the view to the docking point
at the center of the workspace and release the mouse button.
Figure 98: Docking and Floating the Main View
9.1.2.4
Using Multiple Selection
e!COCKPIT supports the multiple selection of elements in order, for example, to
move several devices to the Network view or to easily change the settings of
multiple devices.
You can always jointly select those elements that belong to the same class. For
this reason, I/O modules and head stations cannot be selected together.
Some functions/buttons are deactivated if they cannot be applied to multiple
elements simultaneously.
Selecting Multiple Elements with [Ctrl] + Mouse:
1.
Click the elements to be selected while holding the Control key [Ctrl]
down.
The selection appears in blue.
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Figure 99: Multiple Selection in Tree Structures or Network View
Selecting Multiple Contiguous Elements with [Shift] + Mouse:
1.
To select a contiguous series of elements, select the first element with the
mouse and click the last element while holding down the [Shift] key.
This selection is also only possible for elements of the same class. Other devices
are skipped.
In Network view, click the first and last device to be selected from left to right
and from top to bottom with the [Shift] key pressed to add the entire group of
devices to the selection. This selection will also include devices that are not
visible in the current view on the Network view workspace.
Selecting Elements with Frames (Network View):
1.
Click the mouse and drag a frame around or across the device to be selected.
Figure 100: Multiple Selection with Frames
The devices touched by the frame are selected.
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Move the selected devices to free tiles.
Figure 101: Moving Multiple Selection
Deselecting Individual Elements with the [Ctrl] Key:
1.
In order to deselect individual elements from a selection, click them while
pressing the [Ctrl] key.
Canceling the Entire Selection:
1.
To deactivate the entire selection, press the [Esc] key.
Invert Selection:
1.
To invert the selection click the [Invert selection] button in the “START”
tab of the menu ribbon.
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Using Workspaces
e!COCKPIT's graphical user interface can be configured as needed. Predefined
workspaces are provided for two main tasks in a window layout.
The predefined workspaces are provided in the “START” tab or the “VIEW” tab
via the menu ribbon. The appropriate window layout is displayed in the
workspace after selecting a workspace.
Figure 102: Predefined Workspaces
9.1.3.1
Opening the “Network/Devices” Workspace
1.
To open the workspace for configuring the network and setting device
parameters, click the [Network/Devices] button in the “START” or
“VIEW” tab.
Figure 103: Opening the “Network/Devices” Workspace
Alternatively, click the [Network/Devices] button in the Program Structure.
Figure 104: Opening the “Network/Devices” Workspace
The [Network/Devices] button accesses two workspaces: the Network view and
the Device Detail view. Network view is displayed first by default. If the Device
Detail view is displayed, click Network in the Breadcrumb Navigation.
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Figure 105: Opening Network View
The “NETWORK” tab provides functions for configuring the network.
Figure 106: “NETWORK” Tab
2.
Move to Device Detail view to display a single selected device. To do this,
double-click the device in the Network view.
Figure 107: Opening Device Detail View via Network View
Alternatively, click [Device details] in the “DEVICE” tab.
Figure 108: Opening Device Detail View via the “DEVICE” Tab
You can also open the Device Detail view by double-clicking a device in the
Device Structure.
The particular device is displayed.
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Figure 109: Opening Device Detail View
The “DEVICE” tab in the menu ribbon displays functions for configuring the
device.
Figure 110: “DEVICE” Tab
3.
Click “Network” in the Breadcrumb navigation to return to Network view.
Figure 111: Use the Breadcrumb navigation to move to the Network view
Alternatively, click the [Network] button in the “NETWORK” tab.
Figure 112: Use the “NETWORK” tab to move to the Network view
Moving between Network view and Device Detail view is possible by doubleclicking the entries of the Device Structure:
4.
To open Network view, providing an overview of all controllers, doubleclick “Controllers.”
5.
Double-click the required device to open the Device Detail view.
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Figure 113: Moving between Network View and Device Detail View
You can choose between a graphical or tabular display both in Network view and
in Device Detail view.
6.
Click the appropriate button in order to move to the graphical or tabular
view.
Figure 114: Toggling between Graphical and Tabular View
9.1.3.2
Opening the “Programming” Workspace
1.
To open the “Programming” workspace for programming the controller,
click the [Programming] button in the “START” or “VIEW” tab.
Figure 115: Opening the “Programming” Workspace
Alternatively, click the [Programming] button in the Device Structure.
Figure 116: Opening the “Programming” Workspace
The “Programming” workspace is displayed.
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Figure 117: Opening the “Programming” Workspace
This opens the “PROGRAM” and “DEBUG” tabs in the ribbon, which contain
additional functions for programming and debugging.
Figure 118: Opening the “PROGRAM” and “DEBUG” Tabs
9.1.3.3
Using User-Defined Workspaces
You can save and manage your own window layouts in the “Workspaces” group
in the “START” tab. A saved workspace is stored as a user-defined button in the
menu ribbon. You can restore modified default workspaces at any time.
The information for user-defined workspaces is stored for each user in the local
Windows properties.
9.1.3.3.1 Creating a Workspace
1.
Open the “START” tab.
2.
Click [Manage] in the “Workspaces” group.
3.
Click [Create new workspace].
4.
Assign a name for the workspace.
If required, select any pictogram of your choice (JPG, PNG or BMP) for the
button via [Change image]. The image is automatically scaled to a size of
32 x 32 pixels.
Figure 119: Creating a New Workspace
5.
To save the workspace, confirm your setting with [Accept].
6.
The new button is displayed in the menu ribbon.
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Figure 120: New Button in the Menu Ribbon
The active workspace is displayed on a blue background.
9.1.3.3.2 Editing a Workspace
Changing Name and Image:
1.
Click [Manage] in the “Workspaces” group of the “START” tab.
2.
Select the workspace to be edited under “User-Defined Workspaces.”
3.
Click [Edit workspace].
4.
Change the name and/or image of the workspace.
5.
Save the changes by clicking [Accept].
Changing the Window Layout:
1.
To make future modifications to the window layout, create the layout first:
Rearrange the panels or open others.
2.
Click the [Save the current workspace] button in the “START” tab.
The previously created workspace is overwritten with the new settings.
Please note that changes are only possible within one application area, i.e., the
“Network/Devices” workspace cannot be changed to a “Programming”
workspace. Changes refer only to panels and their visibility, position and size.
9.1.3.3.3 Deleting a Workspace
1.
Click [Manage] in the “Workspaces” group of the “START” tab.
2.
Select the workspace to be deleted under “User-Defined Workspaces.”
3.
Click [Delete workspace].
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9.1.3.3.4 Restoring a Workspace
The two predefined standard workspaces “Network/Devices,” and
“Programming” can be changed with user-defined settings. To restore the default
settings:
1.
Move to Backstage view (“FILE” tab).
2.
Select “Options.”
3.
Click [Standard workspaces].
4.
Click [Reset standard workspaces].
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Using Key Combinations
Use key combinations to quickly access frequently required functions.
1.
9.1.4.1
To enter key combinations, press the keys stated in the following list. Keys
to be pressed simultaneously are marked with a plus sign (+).
General
Table 54: General Key Combinations
Function
Save
Select All
Print
Remove Multiple Selections
Open Input Assistant
9.1.4.2
Key Combination
[Ctrl] + [S]
[Ctrl] + [A]
[Ctrl] + [P]
[Esc]
[F2]
“START” Tab
Table 55: Key Combinations, “START” Tab
Function
Copy
Cut
Paste
Edit
Delete
9.1.4.3
Key Combination
[Ctrl] + [C]
[Ctrl] + [X]
[Ctrl] + [V]
[Ctrl] + [E]
[Del]
“PROGRAM” Tab
Table 56: Key Combinations, “PROGRAM” Tab
Function
Search
Replace
Next
Next (selection)
Previous Search
Previous Search (selection)
Build
Connect
Disconnect
Key Combination
[Ctrl] + [F]
[Ctrl] + [H]
[F3]
[Ctrl] + [F3]
[Shift] + [F3]
[Ctrl] + Shift + [F3]
[F11]
[Alt] + [F8]
[Ctrl] + [F8]
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“DEBUG” Tab
Table 57: Key Combinations, “PROGRAM” Tab
Function
Start
Stop
Single cycle
Toggle
Step Over
Single Step
Step Out
Write Values
Force Values
Unforce Values
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[F5]
[Shift] + [F8]
[Ctrl] + [F5]
[F9]
[F10]
[F8]
[Shift] + [F10]
[Ctrl] + [F7]
[F7]
[Alt] + [F7]
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Using Projects
A project contains configured networks, as well as their entered devices and
programming.
9.2.1
Creating a New Project
1.
Launch e!COCKPIT.
2.
Select a template in the Start view, e.g., “Empty Project.”
Figure 121: Selecting a Template
This creates a project. The main view is opened.
Additional Information
The “Empty Project” template can be used, for example, for online configuration
in mutli-controller projects.
The “750 Product Series” template can be used, for example, for offline
configuration in single-controller projects.
9.2.2
Opening an Existing Project
1.
Launch e!COCKPIT.
Recently edited projects are displayed in the Start view under “Last used.”
2.
To open a project, click one of the displayed project entries.
Alternatively click [Browse] to open projects of other sources ([Open]
button) via the Start view.
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Dock the position of the project file!
To keep frequently used projects in the “Last used” list and place them at the top
of the list, click the gray pin symbol behind project name. The pin is shown in
green.
Figure 122: Docking the Position of the Project File
Click the pin again to float the project once more from the position. The pin is
then shown in gray.
9.2.2.1
Opening the Project with an Obsolete Device Description
When opening a project containing devices for which new device descriptions are
available, this is shown in a dialog window. New descriptions may require a
firmware update for your devices.
Figure 123: Replacing Device Descriptions
1.
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To display devices descriptions compatible with the current firmware, place
a tick next to the checkbox “Only display device descriptions field that are
compatible with the device firmware used”.
Remove the tick to display all device descriptions. In this case the device
description files that are not compatible with the current device firmware are
also displayed.
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I/O modules and devices that are not programmable are always displayed in the
list and always updated irrespective of the set tick in this dialog.
New device descriptions may require a firmware update!
New device descriptions may require an update of the firmware of your
device. Update your firmware to continue using the device in your project.
2.
Save the setting whether you wish to display only suitable device
descriptions for the firmware of your device or all available device
descriptions via “Do not display when opening this project.”
If you remove the tick, this dialog is then no longer displayed if new device
descriptions exist.
If the tick is set, this dialog window continues to be displayed if new
versions of device descriptions are available.
3.
To update the displayed device descriptions click the [Replace device
descriptions] button.
To close the dialog window without updating the device descriptions, click
the [Retain device descriptions] button.
4.
If you do not wish to update one device description but the device
descriptions of all devices used in the project, click the [Replace all] button.
Figure 124: Replacing All Device Descriptions
5.
Replace the device descriptions as described in the Section “Opening
project with obsolete device description”.
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Saving a Project
1.
Create your project.
2.
Open the Backstage view by clicking the “FILE” tab.
3.
To save the project, click [Save] or [Save as].
4.
Select a location. Click [Desktop], [Own Documents] or choose another
memory location via [Browse].
5.
Enter the file name and click [Save].
Saving Projects Automatically
Projects are saved automatically every 10 minutes if changes are carried out.
Proceed as follows to activate/deactivate this function or change the save interval:
1.
Open Backstage view.
2.
Click [Options] in the navigation bar.
3.
Click [Restore].
4.
To activate the function tick “Restore − Save information”
To deactivate the function, untick the option.
5.
To change the save interval, enter the corresponding number of minutes in
the input field.
Figure 125: Saving a Project Automatically
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Restoring Projects after a Software/Hardware Crash
A dialog opens when the software is restarted after a software/hardware crash.
You are notified of any restored project files.
1.
Click [Yes] to display the project files.
The “Open” page of the Backstage view is opened. This page lists all projects that
can be restored (in descending order by modification date).
If several instances of e!COCKPIT were opened before the crash, the projects of
all instances are offered for restoring.
Figure 126: Automatically Saved Projects on the “Open” Page
2.
Delete any restored projects that are not required by clicking the cross next
to the corresponding file.
3.
Double-click one of the displayed files to open it.
Another dialog will open. You are asked whether you wish to open the restored
file or the original document. The restoration of the original file discards the
restoration file.
4.
Select accordingly [Move to restoration view] or [Open original
document].
5.
To save the project click the “FILE” tab and then [Save].
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9.3
Configuration and Parameterization
9.3.1
Offline Configuration
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In offline configuration mode, you configure the devices and network first without
connecting to real devices. The configuration is saved and transferred at a later
time.
9.3.1.1
Adding Devices in the Project
If there are imported devices in the Product Catalog (see Section “Setting and
Managing” >...> “Adding Devices”), they can be used as follows:
1.
To add devices to a project, drag the individual devices (in this example, a
PFC200) from the Product Catalog and drop them onto a free tile in
Network view.
To place devices on a free tile automatically, double-click the device name
or click the green “+” symbol after the device name.
Figure 127: Dragging Devices to the Network View
2.
Open the Device Detail view by double-clicking the device.
3.
Drag the modules from the product catalog to any position after the head
station.
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Figure 128: Adding Modules
This will display a [+] next to the mouse pointer. Positioning lines between
existing modules indicate at what point the module will be placed when you
release the mouse button.
Alternatively, the module can also be added by double-clicking it from the
Product Catalog behind the currently selected module or at the last location.
The Device detail view only allows the configuration of one head station with
connected modules.
9.3.2
Online Configuration
In online configuration mode, you are physically connected to your devices in the
network via e!COCKPIT. The configuration can be transferred directly.
Click the [Connect] button to connect to available devices directly or perform a
network scan first.
9.3.2.1
Scanning the Network and Devices
To display devices present in the network, scan the network first:
1.
Click [Network/Devices] in the device/program structure.
2.
Open the “NETWORK” tab.
3.
If the Network view does not appear in the workspace, click the [Network]
button in the menu ribbon.
4.
First check the communication settings by selecting from the selection field
in the “Scan Settings” group the medium in which the search will be
performed, such as ETHERNET.
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Figure 129: Selecting the Medium for Scanning
5.
Click [Settings] to make other settings.
6.
For instance, restrict the scan range for the ETHERNET settings.
Figure 130: Restricting the Scan Range
7.
Click [Accept].
8.
To search for devices within the specified range, click the [Scan] button in
the menu ribbon.
Figure 131: Starting the Scan Operation
After the scan has finished, the search results of the configuration are displayed:
• Green: Configured and scanned device match.
• Red:
Configured and scanned device are different.
• Blue: New device detected (if the device cannot be selected, this is an
unknown device).
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Figure 132: Displaying a Scan Result
A red exclamation mark on a device indicates that it is not in the Product Catalog.
In this case import the corresponding device description file for this device by
importing it (“FILE” tab > [Product Catalog] > [Add Devices]).
9.
Use the mouse to select the devices you wish to transfer to your project and
click [Accept selection].
Click [Accept all] to transfer all devices.
Scan head stations and modules separately or together!
In this example first select only the head stations to be accepted. Scan modules
separately (point 13). Here you can scan the head stations including the connected
modules by clicking [Accept selection (incl. Modules)].
It is recommended that you make any name changes in this overview or in the
tabular network view as IP address, device type, etc. are displayed here clearly in
list form.
10.
With the mouse, select a device in the “Configuration” list. Click the device
again and change the device name.
11.
To switch from the scan results back to the graphical view (Network view),
click the symbol for the graphical Network view.
Figure 133: Opening Graphical Network View
12.
To identify the modules of the scanned head station, double-click the device
to enter Device Detail view.
13.
Click [Scan modules] in the open “DEVICE” tab.
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Figure 134: Scanning Modules
If the device is not connected, it is first automatically connected. The modules are
then detected. The workspace shows the configuration and scan results. In the
right-hand area, all modules which are connected with the device and which have
their device description files loaded in e!COCKPIT are displayed.
Figure 135: Displaying Scanned Modules
A device description file can represent several modules if these have the same
process data structure. A detected module may also be represented by several
device description files. For this reason, there can be selection boxes for certain
modules.
14.
Select the used module in the selection box.
Figure 136: Selecting Modules
If there are several modules with the same scan result, the “Use for all suitable
modules” checkbox is displayed in the selection field. Activate this checkbox to
accept the selection for all suitable modules at the same time. The corresponding
modules are marked for the transfer.
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Figure 137: Accepting Modules with the Same Scan Result Together
15.
Tick the checkboxes in front of the modules that you wish to add to your
project and click [Accept selection].
To transfer all modules, click [Accept all].
Figure 138: Applying Modules
The Device Detail view appears. You see the head station with the scanned
modules.
Figure 139: Displaying Scanned Modules
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Additional Information
The number of modules detected is displayed in the Network view at the bottom
of the device image.
Figure 140: Display of Applied Modules
9.3.2.2
Scanning the Modules of Several Devices
If you have scanned several devices (head stations), you can scan arranged
modules for these devices together.
1.
Open the Network view.
2.
Use the mouse to select several devices.
3.
Right-click one of these devices and click [Scan] button in the context
menu.
Figure 141: Scanning for Modules of Several Devices
e!COCKPIT scans the modules of the devices and shows these in the “Scan
result” dialog.
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Figure 142: Displaying the Scan Report
4.
9.3.2.3
Click [Accept] to add the displayed modules to the project.
Connecting and Disconnecting Devices
There are several ways to connect and disconnect devices.
This function can also always be executed simultaneously for multiple devices
(multiple selection).
1
Right-click the device to which you wish establish a connection and click
[Connect] in the context menu.
Figure 143: Connecting Devices (Network View)
Alternatively perform the connection via the context menu of the device in
the Device Structure.
Figure 144: Connecting Devices (Device Structure)
The “Connect” function is also integrated in the menu ribbon. You can find
the corresponding button in the “NETWORK”, “DEVICE”, “I/O CHECK”,
“PROGRAM” and “DEBUG” tabs.
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Figure 145: Connecting Devices (Menu Ribbon)
Additional Information
The [Connect] button is active if at least one of the selected devices has all the
necessary information for opening a connection (e.g., an interface via which the
connection can be made).
5.
Click the [Connect] button.
The connection to the device or the devices is established. An automatic login is
carried out in e!RUNTIME. The [Connect] button changes to a [Disconnect]
button.
If two or more devices have different states (connected/restricted connection/not
connected), these devices are disconnected on the first click of the button and are
all connected with the second click.
If parameters were changed, this is displayed in a dialog.
6.
If the displayed parameters are to be downloaded to the device, confirm this
with [OK].
7.
If the connection of the selected devices is to be removed, click the
[Disconnect] button.
The status of the button changes back to “Connect.”
9.3.3
Parameterizing Devices
1.
In the workspace of the Network/Device Detail view or in the device
structure right-click the device to be parameterized.
2.
Click the [Settings] button in the context menu.
Figure 146: Opening the “Settings” Panel (here: Device Detail View)
The [Settings] button is also provided in the menu ribbon in the “VIEW”
tab.
The “Settings” panel is displayed (see following Section).
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Parameterizing Devices via the “Settings” Panel
Tabs, entry screens and selection fields in the panel depend on the particular
device. Displayed setting options depend on the content of the particular device
description file.
Figure 40: Opening the “Settings” Panel
1.
Move between different tabs which contain settings groups by clicking the
appropriate tab.
Figure 147: “Settings” Panel (Tab Navigation)
2.
Tabs can contain subgroups. Open these by clicking the black arrow
symbol.
The group is extended and marked with a green arrow symbol.
Figure 148: “Settings” Panel (Groups in Tabs)
3.
Close the subgroups by clicking on the green arrow symbol.
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Change the parameters and settings via the specific selection and entry
options.
Additional Information
The possible parameters, values and effects of parameter changes are described in
the manual of the particular device.
9.3.3.2
Using Device-Specific Configurators
Simple modules can be parameterized via the “Settings” panel. Devices with more
complex setting options, such as I/O modules that have mailbox functions, are
assigned parameters in their own configurators. The configurators are opened
from this panel via the relevant “Settings” buttons.
1.
Click the device to be configured.
2.
Click the appropriate button in the “Settings” panel to assign additional
parameters.
Figure 149: Opening Device-Specific Configurators
Additional Information
The possible parameters, values and effects of parameter changes are described in
the manual of the particular device.
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Uploading and Downloading Parameters
1.
Right-click the device with the set parameters and click the [Download]
button in the context menu.
Figure 150: Writing Parameters to the Device
The parameters are transferred to the device.
2.
To read parameters from the selected device with the set parameters, click
the [Upload] button in the context menu of the device.
Figure 151: Reading Parameters from the Device
The parameters are loaded from the device to the software and displayed in
the “Settings” panel.
The [Upload] and [Download] buttons are accessed via the context menu of a
device in the Device Structure or via the corresponding buttons in the “DEVICE”
tab of the menu ribbon.
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Configuring Networks
Besides the parameterization of individual devices you can also design complete
networks via e!COCKPIT. Choose devices from the Product Catalog, assign roles
(master/slave), drag connections between the connectors of the devices with the
mouse and select communication protocols and communication parameters.
9.3.4.1
Creating a Simple MODBUS Network
1.
Select two devices from the Product Catalog and drag them with the mouse
into the Network view.
Figure 152: Dragging Devices to the Network View
2.
To change the settings or parameters of the devices added, click the
respective device, open the “Settings” panel in the context menu and make
your changes there.
Figure 153: Opening the “Settings” Panel
3.
Now connect the devices. Click the gray connector
(ETHERNET/MODBUS) for one of the devices in the Network view and
hold down the mouse button.
4.
To connect the devices to each other, drag the connection line to the same
type connector of the second device. Release the mouse button as soon as a
green plus sign appears.
The line initially symbolizes the physical ETHERNET connection.
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Figure 154: Establishing Network Connections
5.
Click a device connector to open the interface.
Figure 155: Opening the Interface
6.
Click the green plus sign.
Possible connections are displayed for each device. The selection depends on the
device used.
7.
Select the required connection. In this example, select “MODBUS via
(TCP) Master”. You have thus defined the role and protocol used for this
connection of the first device (role: client/master, protocol: MODBUS
TCP).
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Figure 156: Selecting a Connection
8.
A broken line is displayed. Similar to the first line, drag this to the
connector of the partner device to establish a logical connection for the
existing physical connection.
You have also defined the role and protocol of the second device for this logical
connection (role: slave/server, protocol: MODBUS TCP).
The connection to the partner device(s) is displayed.
Figure 157: Displaying Devices That Are Logically Connected
9.
Move the mouse over the logical connection in the list, so that other buttons
are visible.
10.
Click the button to open the connection settings.
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Figure 158: Opening Connection Settings or MODBUS Slave Configurator
The MODBUS Configurator opens matching the role of the device in this
connection. In this example, the connection configurator for the MODBUS
slave/server is opened (open the configurator for the MODBUS master/client in
the same way as for the first configured device).
Use the MODBUS Configurator to define which variables of the slave (server) are
available on the master (client).
The figure below shows the MODBUS Configurator for the slave. No variables
for communication between master and slave have been defined yet.
Figure 159: Variable Configuration MODBUS, View for the Master (Client)
The configurator is divided into two columns:
The variables on the master are displayed on the left. The variables available on
the slave and used in the slave application are displayed on the right. The tree
displays them in a hierarchical view according to the program structure.
Create variables:
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Right-click “PLC_PRG.”
The context menu opens.
2.
Click the button to add a data point to create a variable in your program
“PLC_PRG.”
Figure 160: Creating New Variables on the Slave
Click the new variable to display the settings for MODBUS access to the new
variable “newVAR” in the bottom half of the Slave view (“Variable Settings”).
3.
Enter settings in this area if you want configure access to this variable via
MODBUS (Description, Data Type, Array, Access, MODBUS Address).
The variable is created in the Slave application.
Figure 161: New Variable in the Slave Application
A variable is created in the master/client application by default (corresponding to
the path (namespace) in the slave application). The variable is available on the
master directly.
4.
Click the master connector in the Network view.
5.
Open the master configurator by clicking the button to open the connection
settings.
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Figure 162: MODBUS Connection Settings
The MODBUS Configurator for the master opens. The variable created on the
master (1), the variable on the slave (2), the cycle time for updating the variables
via MODBUS and MODBUS access to the variables (4) are displayed.
ReadOnly (RO): Master reads
WriteOnly (WO): Master writes
ReadWrite (RW): Master reads and writes
Figure 163: New Variable on the Master
Open the “Programming” workspace and open the main program of the master.
Figure 164: Opening the Main Program of the Master
In the master application, access to the “newVar” variable as shown in the
following figure. Tip: Press the [F2] key to open the Input Assistant for easy
variable selection.
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Figure 165: Accessing the “newVar” Variable in the Master Application
In this way, a variable (“newVar”) has been declared in the slave application,
made accessible via MODBUS and read in the master application.
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Creating a Simple CANopen Network
In the following description you connect two CANopen devices and create data
points for joint communication.
1.
Select two devices from the Product Catalog (e.g., 750-8204) and drag them
with the mouse into the Network view.
Figure 166: Dragging Devices to the Network View
2.
Select the first device and click the “DEVICE” tab in the menu ribbon.
3.
Click the [Address Management] button.
4.
Enter the IP address of the device in the entry field and click [Ok].
Figure 167: Assigning an IP Address
5.
Proceed in the same way with the second device. The IP addresses of both
devices must be different.
6.
Open the “Settings” panel by right-clicking the first device and clicking the
[Settings] button in the context menu.
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Figure 168: Opening the “Settings” Panel
7.
Assign the master role to the first device by selecting “Master” in the dropdown menu.
Figure 169: Assigning the Role of the Device
8.
Configure the second device (if not preset) in the same way, however, as a
slave.
9.
Create a logical connection between the devices by dragging a connection
from the CANopen connector of the master to the CANopen connector of
the slave.
Figure 170: Creating a Connection between CANopen Devices
Preparing the Slave:
10.
Select the CANopen slave with the mouse.
11.
Change if required the “Node ID” (e.g., “1”) and the baud rate (e.g.,
250000) in the “Settings” panel.
Note that “Node IDs” within a CANopen network must always be different.
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Figure 171: Adapting “Node ID” and Baud Rate
Create a data point for the slave (UINT):
12.
To display the logical connection to the master click the CANopen
connector of the slave and then the button for opening the connection
settings.
Figure 172: Opening the CANopen Connection Configurator
The CANopen connection configurator for the slave is opened.
Figure 173: CANopen Connection Configurator (Slave)
13.
To add a data point, click first the [Edit I/O area…] button in the “General
Configuration” tab.
14.
Click the [Add area…] button in the following dialog.
15.
Enter the I/O type, name, number and data type of your data point and
confirm via [OK].
Create several data types if required.
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Figure 174: Adding a Data Point
16.
Move to the “CANbus Slave I/O Mapping” tab.
The created data points and your channels within the I/O range are displayed here
(if the display is incomplete, close the dialog and reopen it.).
Preparing the Master:
17.
Select the CANopen master with the mouse.
18.
Change the “Node ID” (e.g., “2”) and the baud rate (e.g., 250000) in the
“Settings” panel.
Note that “Node IDs” within a CANopen network must always be different.
The configuration of the slave was changed. This is indicated as a warning symbol
(yellow triangle with an exclamation mark). The configuration must be updated in
order for all created slave data points to be available in the master.
19.
To do this click the connector of the master and click the button for
updating the configuration.
Figure 175: Updating the Configuration
20.
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In the “Choose Update Behavior” dialog activate the “Create New”
checkbox.
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Figure 176: Choosing the Update Behavior
The configuration is updated. The warning symbol disappears.
21.
Open the CANopen connection configurator for the master. To do this click
the connector of the CANopen master and click the button for opening the
connection settings.
Figure 177: Opening the CANopen Connection Configurator
The CANopen connection configurator for the master is opened.
22.
Open the “CANopen I/O Mapping” tab.
23.
Assign variables to the channels created in the slave by clicking on the
appropriate variable field and entering a variable.
Alternatively, use the Input Assistant by clicking the […] button.
Figure 178: Entering Variables
The configuration is then complete. The variables can be used in e!RUNTIME
programs of both devices.
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Creating a Simple PROFIBUS Network
To create a PROFIBUS network, you need at least one PROFIBUS master and
one slave. The PROFIBUS slave function is provided with a PFC200 (order
number 750-8206). The configuration of the PROFIBUS slave requires a
connection to a generic PROFIBUS master.
1.
Place the generic PROFIBUS master and the PROFIBUS slave in the
Network view.
Figure 179: Placing the PROFIBUS Master and Slave in the Network View
2.
Create a connection between both devices by connecting up the PROFIBUS
connectors (purple) with each other.
Figure 180: Connecting PROFIBUS Devices
In a PROFIBUS network, each device is assigned a unique address. The
PROFIBUS address is set in the “Settings” panel.
3.
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If the “Settings” panel is not yet opened, open it by right-clicking the slave
device and clicking the [Settings] button.
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Figure 181: Opening the “Settings” Panel
4.
Click the tab in the “Settings” panel in which the PROFIBUS address is set.
5.
Enter a unique address in the “PROFIBUS Address” entry field.
The communication in the PROFIBUS network is performed using data points.
These are set in the configurator of the PROFIBUS connection for the PROFIBUS
slave.
6.
Open the configuration interface (PROFIBUS interface) via the context
menu of the PROFIBUS connector.
Figure 182: Opening the Configurator of the PROFIBUS Connection
The user interface of the configurator is opened.
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Figure 183: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator
The configuration user interface consists of two main areas, the “Variables” tab
and “I/O Mapping” tab, which are arranged beneath the device images.
In the “Variables” tab, defined variables are listed and new ones are created. The
“I/O Mapping” tab is used to perform (if required) the mapping to the variables.
7.
Create a data point via the context menu in the “Variables” tab or by
clicking the appropriate [New] button in the menu ribbon “Configurator:
PROFIBUS-DP-V1.”
Figure 184: Creating a New Variable
The variable is created. The “Name”, “Data type,” “Direction,” Slot,” “Size” and
“Module Designation” are provided with default values. These values are
assigned for each new variable created.
Create additional variables and adjust the values as required.
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Figure 185: Configured Variables
To create multiple variables at once or to duplicate existing data points, use the
corresponding [Create Multiple Variables] or [Duplicate Variable] buttons in
the menu ribbon. In both cases these open a dialog in which multiple values can
be set for the newly created variables.
Figure 186: Creating Multiple Variables
Place variables at any location!
If you have not selected a variable from the list, the new variable is placed at the
last position. If you have selected one or multiple variables, the new variable is
placed behind the last selected variable. This enables you to insert the new
variable at any position.
You can delete the variable if required in the same way (context menu of the
corresponding variable or [Delete Variable] button in the menu ribbon).
After a variable name is assigned, an IEC variable with the same name (global
variable list) is created automatically in the background. You can use this variable
in your IEC program.
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Figure 187: Using Created Variables
8.
If you have already created IEC variables and wish to map them to data
points, click the “I/O Mapping” tab to open the corresponding configuration
user interface.
Figure 188: Opening the “I/O Mapping” Tab
There are two ways of mapping a data point to an existing IEC variable:
9.
Double-click the corresponding variable name and enter the name of the
existing IEC variable manually.
Figure 189: Manual Entry of the IEC Variable
10.
Or click the […] button to open the Input Assistant.
Figure 190: Entering IEC Variables via the Input Assistant
11.
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In the Input Assistant select the IEC variable and confirm with [OK].
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Figure 191: Selecting a Variable
The mapping is performed.
Figure 192: Mapping Completed
After the variables are created and optional mapping, you can save the
configuration in the form of a device description file.
12.
To do this, click the [Export device description (GSD)] button.
Figure 193: Saving the Device Description File
The “Save As” dialog for entering a file name is opened.
13.
Enter a name and confirm with the [OK] button.
Two files are saved. The two files contain identical configurations. Only the
description language of the parameters is different. The file with the suffix
“*.gsg” contains German text. The file with the suffix “*.gsd” contains English
text.
The exported device description can be imported by other engineering tools.
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Testing
9.4.1
Performing an Input/Output Test for Digital Input/Output
Modules
177
To verify the wiring of digital input/output modules, switch an LED on or off with
e!COCKPIT.
The input/output test requires the device to be connected online and Control mode
to be active (“I/O-CHECK” tab).
1.
Open the Device Detail view.
2.
Click the LED of the relevant module.
Figure 194: Switching an LED On/Off with the Mouse
3.
Verify if the device’s LED mirrors its on-screen behavior in e!COCKPIT.
If this is the case, the module is connected correctly.
The display is reset as soon as the Device Detail view is closed.
9.4.2
Performing a Systematic Input/Output Test (I/O CHECK)
Check for correct wiring of your node using the systematic input/output test. You
can test both individual modules and entire nodes.
Testing Individual Modules:
1.
Open the Device Detail view.
2.Click a module.
3.
Click the [Build] button in the “IO-CHECK” tab of the menu ribbon.
A tab is opened in the workspace, in which the selected module is displayed.
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Figure 195: Display of an I/O Module for the Input/Output Test
4.
To add additional modules to this test, repeat steps 1–3.
Testing an Entire Node:
1.
Open the Network view.
2.
Click a device.
3.
Click the [Build] button in the “IO-CHECK” tab of the menu ribbon.
Figure 196: Display of a Node for the Input/Output Test
An overview of input/output channels of the corresponding modules is displayed
in both cases.
4.
Click the [Connect] button in the menu ribbon.
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The monitoring function is active first. The current values are displayed. If
required, the “Result” column can be switched on/off via the button of the same
name in the menu ribbon.
5.
Compare the displayed values with your hardware, e.g., whether the green
LED is actually lit and for each entry click either [Ok] or [Error].
Figure 197: Performing a Test
Depending on your entry, the status is shown in the “Result” column.
Figure 198: Status Display for Inputs and Outputs
Besides value monitoring, you can also write or read them.
6.
Switch to control mode by clicking [Control mode] in the menu ribbon.
Change the individual values. For this use, the slide adjuster and entry fields for
analog output terminals; for digital output terminals click, the LED symbol.
Figure 199: Changing Analog and Digital Values
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Changed values are indicated with an asterisk (*) and the number of prepared
changes shown as a number in the menu ribbon (here: 3) if “Collect” is active
(blue background).
7.
To load all changed values to the I/O module click the [Write now] button
in the menu ribbon. The write operation is performed once.
Figure 200: Write Collection Values
If the [Direct] button is clicked, the values are continuously written as they are
entered.
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Programming
e!RUNTIME is integrated in e!COCKPIT user interface. This is the 3S hardwareindependent CODESYS IEC 61131-3 programming system (version 3.5).
e!COCKPIT can assign elements for program development to (fieldbus
controllers), thus enabling for example the implementation of fieldbus and I/O
configurations, visualizations, motion control and other tasks.
1.
Open the “Programming” workspace.
Figure 201: Opening the “Programming” Workspace
A CODESYS application with a library manager, “PLC_PRG” program and a
task configuration is created for each head station incorporated. Other applications
can be created on the same level or below.
A “project library” is created for POUs, which applies to all applications.
You can incorporate additional CODESYS elements via the context menu in the
Program Structure, such as additional POUs, files, variable lists or visualizations
(see CODESYS online help, “Adding an Object”).
Right-click the project library and choose [Copy] to copy, for example the entire
content of this directory, to a directory of an appropriate project application.
Copying and inserting is also possible between different instances of e!COCKPIT.
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Figure 202: Context Menu in the Program Structure
“POUs” are program organization units/objects that form a controller program.
When you create a POU, the workspace is adapted accordingly. Depending on the
selected programming language, other tabs are added to the menu ribbon and new
panels are shown (e.g., “Tools”).
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Figure 203: Adding a POU
The use of individual panels is described in the CODESYS online help.
The context menu of an application also enables you to copy, insert or delete the
appropriate application, connect the device, start and stop the application, open
the programming editor or view/change the settings of the application.
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Creating Libraries
1.
Select a library template in the Start or Backstage view.
Figure 204: Selecting a Template for Libraries
The main view is opened.
2.
Open the “Programming” workspace.
3.
Create your library.
Figure 205: Creating a Library
4.
To check the created library, click the [Syntax check project library]
button in the “PROGRAM” tab of the menu ribbon.
This checks the written library according to IEC 61131-3.
5.
After a successful check move to the Backstage view (“FILE” tab).
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6.
Click [Import/Export].
7.
Click the [IEC library] button.
8.
Saving and installing a library:
•
To save the library as a compiled library with the “compiled-library”
suffix, click [Compile and save].
•
To save the library in the system repository, click [Save in library
repository].
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Figure 206: Saving and Installing a Library
9.5.2
Adding Libraries
Libraries contain collections of reusable objects such as functions, function blocks
or variables that are incorporated into projects. The contents of these libraries can
be used here without any new declaration. The library manager is used to manage
the libraries in a project. This displays both application-related and functionrelated libraries as well as CODESYS and WAGO system libraries.
WAGO system libraries are already supplied. Add libraries that are not present as
follows.
1.
Open the “Programming” workspace.
2.
Right-click the “Project Library (POUs)” entry and click Library Manager
in the context menu.
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Figure 207: Adding the Library Manager
3.
Click [Add] in the dialog.
The library manager is opened in the workspace.
4.
To add a new library that has not been installed on the system, click [Add
library].
5.
Select the relevant library in the dialog.
6.
Confirm your selection with [OK].
The library manager incorporates a reference to a pre-installed library into the
project.
To add a library that is not yet installed on the local system, click the [Library
repository] button to install it.
To add target-system neutral libraries, use the [Placeholders] button instead.
Depending on the device used and its device description, the appropriate library is
used. Alternatively, the standard library is used if no device is present, so that the
program can be compiled error-free.
Install libraries in e!COCKPIT!
Note that all libraries must be incorporated permanently. If you simply replace the
library files in your local library directory, the libraries are not available in
e!COCKPIT. They must be installed from the repository.
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Creating Programs
The “PLC_PRG” main program is created automatically. You can create
additional programs.
1.
Right-click the corresponding application and select [POU] in the context
menu.
2.
In the dialog assign a name and select the type and the implementation
language per IEC 61131-3.
Figure 208: Creating a Program
The programs are automatically assigned to a task. If the task was deleted, you
can create this again by right-clicking the application and selecting [Task
Configuration] in the context menu.
3.
To assign a program to the task, click the created task and add a Program
call.
Figure 209: Adding a Program Call
A “Program call” dialog is opened.
4.
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In the “POU to Call” field, enter the program name.
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Alternatively, use the Input Assistant by clicking the […] button, select the
program in the new window and confirm with [OK].
Figure 210: Entering the Program Name via the Input Assistant
The program name is entered in the “Program call” dialog.
5.
To add the program call, click the [Add] button.
6.
To open and edit the added program double-click the program in the Project
Structure.
Depending on the implementation language you have selected under point 2,
the corresponding programming editor is displayed.
Figure 211: Programming Editor (in this example: Structured Text (ST))
7.
9.5.4
Write your program according to IEC 61131-3.
Performing I/O Mapping
By I/O mapping is meant the mapping and assignment of input, output, and
memory addresses of the controller to project variables that are used by the
application. The I/O mapping is displayed in the Device Detail view below the
device image.
1.
Open the Device Detail view.
2.
Select the I/O module with the mouse.
3.
Click the “Variables” column in the corresponding fields and enter the
variables/data points.
Figure 212: Entering Variables/Data Points
The variable or data point is created and is available in the entire project.
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You can use the Input Assistant to assign variables that are already known in the
project.
4.
To do this, double-click a field.
5.
To open the Input Assistant, click the […] button.
Figure 213: Entering Variables/Data Points via the Input Assistant
6.
Select the corresponding variable or the data point and confirm with [OK].
The mapping is accepted for the project.
Figure 214: I/O Mapping
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Compiling an Application
1.
To compile the program click the [Build] button in the “PROGRAM” tab of
the menu ribbon.
The program is compiled and a message bar shows the errors.
Figure 215: Compiling an Application
2.
To display details of the validation, click [Display message window].
Alternatively, open the message window via the [Messages] button in the
lower left area of the workspace.
3.
All errors, warnings and messages are displayed first. To filter the view,
click the appropriate button in the message window. Active displays are
highlighted in blue.
Figure 216: Message Window
4.
Click an entry in the list to jump directly to the error location.
5.
To clean the list, click the [Delete messages] button.
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Excluding Programs for Compiling
If you wish to connect and compile an application, you can exclude individual
programs that must not be compiled.
1.
Right-click in the Program Structure the program that must not be compiled,
e.g., “PLC_PRG.”
2.
Click Settings in the context menu.
3.
In the dialog click the “Build” tab and activate the “Exclude from
compiling” check box.
Figure 217: Excluding the Program from Compiling
4.
Click [OK] to confirm.
The program is displayed in gray and in italics.
Figure 218: Program Excluded from Compiling
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Debugging an Application
The debug function examines programming errors. This requires a connection to
the device.
1.
Move to the “DEBUG” tab in the menu ribbon.
2.
To start the debug process, click [Start].
3.
To create a watch window, click the [Monitoring] button in the menu
ribbon and select one of the five entries.
This will open the “Watch” panel.
4.
Double-click the “Expression” field and then the […] button displayed there
for the Input Assistant.
5.
Select the value or values to be monitored.
Figure 219: Selecting Values for Monitoring
6.
Transfer the value or values by clicking [OK].
Figure 220: Watch List
7.
Click the [New] button in the “Breakpoints” group to add breakpoints.
Breakpoints can be set at specific positions in the program to stop execution.
Specific conditions can be defined for the stop (see CODESYS online help,
“Breakpoints”).
8.
Then click [Toggle] to activate the breakpoint.
Step-by-step processing via Single Step (menu ribbon, “DEBUG” tab) enables
the program to be run in controlled steps. The particular variable values can be
examined at each stop. A Call stack (menu ribbon, “VIEW” tab) can be displayed
to determine the current position.
The flow control can be activated to track previous sections of the application
program. Unlike standard monitoring, which only displays the value of a variable
between two cycles, the flow control supplies the value for each processing step
precisely at the time of processing.
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Simulating an Application
Simulation mode enables you to debug and test the behavior of an application
without connecting to a real target system. No communication settings are
required for the simulation.
1.
Open the “PROGRAM” tab in the menu ribbon.
2.
Click [Simulate application].
The button in the menu ribbon changes to [Close simulation]. In the status bar,
the status display in front of the corresponding device and in the tooltip of the
device (“Program structure” panel) the connection is shown in blue. Also in the
Network view the tile of the corresponding device is outlined in blue.
3.
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Use the commands of the “DEBUG” tab to test the application.
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Creating Visualizations
e!COCKPIT integrates the visualization functions of CODESYS. These enable
the use of predefined visualization elements and commands for simulating,
controlling and monitoring machine and plant systems.
A web server connection (CODESYS-Web-Visu) also enables a visualization to
be operated with a web browser or displayed on an external device/display
(CODESYS-HMI).
Ensure compatibility with web browsers!
The view of the web visualization has been tested and optimized for the following
web browsers:
•
Firefox 30.0
•
Chrome 34.0, 35.0
•
Internet Explorer 11
•
Opera 12.17
•
Android 4.0
•
Safari iPad2
If the connection establishment fails, reduce the number of visualization
tabs!
If many tabs containing the visualizations are opened in the programming
workspace, it may not be possible to make a connection to a device. Use the
“Close all windows apart from this one” function in the context menu of the tab to
retain only the current tab and close all the others. Try again to connect the
application.
1.
First open the “Programming” workspace.
2.
Add a visualization by right-clicking an application and selecting
[Visualization] as a new element.
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Figure 221: Adding a Visualization
The visualization editor is opened in the workspace.
This will display the “ToolBox” and “Properties” panels.
3.
Use the elements from the “ToolBox” panel, such as the bar display, by
placing them in the visualization editor via drag and drop.
Figure 222: Creating a Visualization
Assign a value to the display:
4.
Click the “Value” field and press [F2] to open the Input Assistant.
5.
Via the Input Assistant select a value which will be used for the
visualization. This example uses the value “i” from the “PLC_PRG.”
The value is accepted:
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Figure 223: Assigning a Value
6.
In the “DEBUG” tab of the menu ribbon, click [Simulate application].
7.
To start the visualization click [Start].
This will start the visualization.
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Connecting
To perform online actions such as a program download, program execution etc.
for this application, connect the application with the target system.
1.
“Network/Devices” Workspace: In the context menu of a device or via the
menu ribbon (e.g., “DEVICE”, “NETWORK” tabs) click [Connect]. The
device is switched to online mode. All applications of the device are
active/connected online.
“Programming” workspace: In the context menu of one or several
selected applications or in the menu ribbon (“PROGRAM”, “DEBUG” tabs)
click [Connect]. The selected applications of one or several devices are
active/connected online.
2.
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If an application was not previously stored on the controller, a prompt will
ask whether an application should be created or downloaded. Confirm this
with [Yes].
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Downloading Applications to the Device
1.
To download the selected application to the controller, click [Program
Download] in the “PROGRAM” menu ribbon.
To load multiple applications/parameters on the device and set other options
(e.g., Online Change), click [Multiple download] in the “PROGRAM”
menu ribbon.
Figure 224: Multiple Download
2.
All devices with associated applications and parameters are preselected by
default. Use the mouse to untick components that are not to be loaded as
required.
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Importing CODESYS 2 and CODESYS 3 Projects
To load projects that you have created in CODESYS 2 (file suffix “.pro”) or
CODESYS 3 (file suffix “.project”):
1.
Open Backstage view (“FILE” tab).
2.
Click the [Import/Export] buttons and then [CODESYS project].
Figure 225: Loading a CODESYS Project
3.
Click [Open CODESYS 2 project] or [Open CODESYS 3 project].
4.
Select the project file and click [Open].
This starts the project import.
e!RUNTIME uses new libraries which have different names and content to the
libraries of previous CODESYS projects.
5.
If the following window is displayed for converting a library reference, first
select the following setting: “Ignore the device. All application specific
objects will not be available in the new project.”
Figure 226: Converting a Library Reference
The window is displayed for each new library not found. You require a new
version for these libraries.
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Click [OK].
This allows you to only load programs and devices first of all. You can update
new libraries later.
Additional Information
Further information on the libraries are provided in the manual “Libraries for
e!COCKPIT (Overview and Migration Instructions)”.
The manual provides an overview of libraries which can be used in e!COCKPIT.
Instructions are provided for migrating software projects which were created in
the WAGO-I/O-PRO, CODESYS 2 or CODESYS 3 programming environments.
The appendix of this manual provides an overview of corresponding functions in
libraries for WAGO-I/O-PRO and e!COCKPIT.
Further instructions on converting between CODESYS 2 and CODESYS 3
projects are provided in the CODESYS online help (“Converting”).
If a device of the imported project is unknown, a suggestion list of available and
compatible devices is displayed.
Applications may be discarded when using compatible devices!
If the compatible device does not support all existing applications, a warning
message will be shown before you replace the device.
Unsupported applications are discarded.
Select a corresponding device.
7.
To accept the device click [Replace device].
The main view is opened after the CODESYS project is loaded.
8.
Open the “Programming” workspace.
Load the “Standard.lib” library first:
9.
Double-click the library manager of the imported application.
10.
Click [Add library] and select the “Standard” library.
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Figure 227: Adding a Library
11.
Open your program/s and click [Build] in the “PROGRAM” tab.
12.
If the message bar is opened, click [Display message window].
13.
Adjust your program according to the messages.
14.
Load missing libraries (see point 5) via the library manager. Both libraries
for your devices are available at http://www.wago.com.
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Importing/Exporting Program Elements
In order to import or export program elements, use the appropriate button
[Import] or [Export] in the menu ribbon (“PROGRAM” tab).
Alternatively access these functions via the Backstage view, “Import/Export”
page > [Program Elements].
Exporting
1.
Click the [Export] button.
The “Export” dialog window is opened and the Program Structure is displayed.
Figure 228: Exporting Program Elements
2.
Tick the elements to be exported.
3.
Click [Export].
4.
Select the memory location in the file selection dialog and enter a file name.
5.
Export the program elements by clicking [OK].
A file with the suffix “*.export” is saved.
Importing
1.
Click the [Import] button.
This opens a file selection dialog box.
2.
Select the “*.export” file to be imported and click [Open].
The “Import” dialog is displayed.
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Figure 229: Importing Program Elements
The Program Structure is displayed in the left-hand area of the dialog. This is used
to select the position where the imported elements are inserted.
The content of the import file is displayed in the right-hand area. The content is
context-sensitive according to the selection in the Program Structure. If the
content to be imported cannot be inserted at the current position in the Program
Structure, the relevant objects are grayed out.
3.
To insert the selected objects at the selected insert position click [Insert
Elements].
The dialog does not close automatically. You can select a succession of elements
and insert them at different positions. Multiple selection is also possible. This only
allows the simultaneous selection of objects of the same class (e.g., programs).
The selected objects are inserted at several positions at the same time.
4.
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Click [Close] to finish the import.
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9.6
Setting and Managing
9.6.1
Documenting and Printing a Project
Overviews of all components contained in a project can be printed for project
documentation.
1.
Open Backstage view.
2.
Click [Print].
3.
Click [Document project…] and [Document].
A dialog will open, which displays the project components. Components which
are printed are indicated with a green tick.
Figure 230: Documenting a Project
4.
Untick components that are not to be printed as required.
5.
Tick the appropriate checkboxes to create a Title Page or Table of
contents.
6.
Click [OK] to print the project.
An additional print function is provided for active editors in the “Programming”
workspace.
1.
Open the “Programming” workspace.
2.
Open an element by clicking it in the Program Structure, such as a
“PLC_PRG” program.
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Move to the “START” tab.
4.
Click [Print].
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The content of the active editor is printed.
9.6.2
Managing Devices
To operate devices in e!COCKPIT, drivers containing device-specific description
files are imported and interpreted by e!COCKPIT. These files contain information
such as, device properties, interfaces and supported protocols.
The following device description files are supported:
•
•
•
•
“Device Type Package” (DTP) for ETHERNET/MODBUS devices
“Electronic Data Sheet” (EDS) for CANopen devices
“Device master files” (GSD) for PROFIBUS devices
“Device Configuration File” (DCF)
Device manufacturers provide these description files for their devices.
A device description file can apply to several similar devices. It is also possible to
install several versions and use these in the same or different projects.
Devices and installed device description files are managed on the “Product
Catalog” page of Backstage view.
1.
To move to the Product Catalog management in the Backstage view, click
the corresponding button the Product Catalog panel.
Alternatively click the “FILE” tab and the [Product Catalog] button.
Figure 231: Moving to the Product Catalog Management
9.6.2.1
Adding Devices
When e!COCKPIT is installed, description files are also installed for standard
WAGO devices so they can be displayed and used directly in the Product Catalog.
If you require WAGO or other devices, proceed as follows to import the
description files for these devices on the “Product Catalog” page in the Backstage
view:
1.
Click the [Add devices] button.
2.
In the “Open” dialog select the file type and one or several device
description files.
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Click [Open].
Figure 232: Selecting a Device Description
This will import the description files. The devices are available in the Product
Catalog.
9.6.2.2
Deleting Devices
Please note that when deleting a device description file for a particular device, it
may be required for several similar devices. You may therefore be removing
several devices from your project.
1.
In the “Product Catalog” page in Backstage view select the device that you
wish to remove.
Figure 233: Selecting a Device
Information on the relevant device description file and a list of devices that belong
to this description file and version are displayed on the right.
2.
Click the [Delete device...] button.
The “Included Devices” area highlights in yellow the devices related to this
device description file that will also be deleted.
3.
Click [Ok] to actually delete the device types.
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Figure 234: Deleting a Device Type
4.
9.6.2.3
If the currently opened project contains devices that are affected by this
deletion, save and close the project before deletion and repeat the step.
Displaying Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions of a Device
A device may be present in several device type versions, i.e, may be represented
in different versions of device description files. Any of these versions can be used
in a project. Versions of device descriptions are displayed on the “Product
Catalog” page in the Backstage view and in the Product Catalog.
1.
To display available versions of a device, first select a device or module in
the Network or Device Detail view.
2.
Click the [Version information] button in the “DEVICE” tab in the menu
ribbon.
Figure 235: Displaying Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions
9.6.2.4
Showing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions of Several
Devices
1.
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To display the available versions of several or all devices, enable the
Display the Available Versions in the Product Catalog so that a green tick
is displayed.
This activation does not apply to all tabs of the Product Catalog, therefore
switch the function on or off according to the tab.
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Figure 236: Displaying Available Versions
Other levels are displayed with the available device type versions in the tree
structure of the Product Catalog.
When using the Search function, only the versions of devices are displayed that
are present in the Search result.
9.6.2.5
Replacing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions
Devices are integrated in e!COCKPIT via device descriptions. Every device
description has a version. Different versions can be installed for a device,
although versions can also be replaced by others. When returning to a previous
version, a check for any functional restrictions is made via the DTP description.
Incompatible versions are not displayed. Replacing is not possible if the device is
connected online.
1.
Double-click the required version of the device description to operate the
used device in this version, for example, to maintain compatibility with
other devices.
Figure 237: Replacing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions
Alternatively, select a device in the Network or Device Detail view and then
click the [Replace] button.
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Figure 238: Replacing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions
2.
In the selection field, choose the required version and click [Replace].
3.
To replace the device descriptions of all Devices used in the project click
[Replace all].
Abbildung 239: Replace All Device Descriptions
4.
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Replace the device description as described in section “Opening the Project
with an Obsolete Device Description”.
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Replacing Older Versions Automatically
1.
Open the “Product Catalog” page in the Backstage view.
2.
To search for new device descriptions when opening a project and to replace
older versions automatically, tick the “Check projects on opening for new
device descriptions” checkbox.
Older versions are only replaced if the new versions are compatible with the
existing data and settings.
Figure 240: Replacing Older Versions Automatically
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Performing Updates
Software updates can be started both automatically and manually on demand.
These contain updates for e!COCKPIT itself, device description files for new
WAGO devices and communication drivers.
1.
Open Backstage view (“FILE” tab).
2.
Click [Help] in the navigation bar.
3.
Click [Updates].
The right-hand page shows information on installed components. When checking
for updates, found updates and new components available are identified and also
displayed in this area.
4.
Use the “All,” “Updates,” “New” or “Installed” tabs to modify the display
as required.
Figure 241: Performing Updates
Searching for updates automatically:
5.
Tick the “Check for updates and license information on starting
e!COCKPIT” checkbox (Internet connection required during program start).
Automatic restart after update!
Updates are activated after the next restart. If you are installing e!COCKPIT
updates or new communication drivers, the software is restarted automatically. A
restart is not required for importing new device descriptions.
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Searching for updates manually:
6.
To search for updates manually, click the [Search for Updates] button.
The updates found are then displayed in the categories e!COCKPIT, device
descriptions and communication drivers, and highlighted in color. All updates are
selected by default.
7.
If required, exclude the individual updates by clicking on the relevant
checkboxes and deactivating these updates.
The update installation process checks your license information with WAGO
Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG.
8.
Agree to this check by activating the “I accept the WAGO SOFTWARE
LICENSE AGREEMENT” checkbox.
9.
To update all the selected components click [Install updates].
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Archiving
Saves the current project with all its associated data, such as devices used, device
descriptions, libraries on the controller as an archive file. The archive combines
project-related files so that they can be forwarded to third parties. An archive
combines all the files contained and referenced in the currently opened project
into a central “*.eca” archive file. The “Archive” function can be selected when a
project is active.
9.6.4.1
Creating an Archive
1.
Open Backstage view (“FILE” tab).
2.
Click [Import/Export].
3.
Click [e!COCKPIT archive].
4.
Click the [Save archive] button.
A dialog will open, which displays the elements of the currently opened project.
The archiving always includes all devices and applications. Libraries can be
excluded from archiving by unticking the checkbox for the appropriate library.
Figure 242: Saving Archives
5.
Click [Save].
6.
Select a location for the archive.
7.
Click [Save] to finish the archiving.
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Opening an Existing Archive
1.
Open Backstage view (“FILE” tab).
2.
Click [Import/Export].
3.
Click [e!COCKPIT archive].
4.
Click the [Open archive] button.
5.
Select a saved “.eca” archive file.
6.
Click [Open].
The archive file is extracted. Libraries are installed and loaded. The project is
opened.
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Deinstalling
Back up your project files before deinstalling in case you wish to reinstall
e!COCKPIT in future. For this use the archive function (see Section “Operation”
> “Setting and Managing” > “Archiving”).
1.
Call up the Control Panel.
2.
Click [Uninstall Programs] (such as with Windows 7).
3.
Select “WAGO e!COCKPIT”.
4.
Click [Uninstall].
The software with all integrated components is removed from your PC. Separately
installed CODESYS versions are not affected by this.
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Interfaces
9.7.1
smartDESIGNER
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The smartDESIGNER from WAGO Kontakttechnik GmbH & Co. KG is an
online configurator which enables terminal blocks, I/O modules, multi-terminal
connectors, PCB terminal blocks and WINSTA® cables to be designed and projects
to be validated. Labels can be created and printed for the components used. The
graphical display of components on a DIN rail is the same as in e!COCKPIT. The
smartDESIGNER can also be used to generate mounting plans, parts lists and 3D
views. The tool features several CAE interfaces including EPLAN, a system for
designing electrical installations. This interface supports export/import to/from
e!COCKPIT, so that modifications made in one system can be transferred to the
other.
Figure 243: WAGO smartDESIGNER
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Importing a Project from smartDESIGNER
1.
To import projects created with smartDESIGNER, click [Import/Export]
in the Backstage view.
2.
Click [smartDESIGNER].
3.
Click [Import].
4.
Select a valid file (CAE file, *.xml) from the dialog that opens.
The content of the file is opened as a new project. Network view is opened
automatically.
If a project was opened and modified beforehand, you will be asked to save it.
The “Import” dialog is opened. This contains all imported (green) and unimported
(red) devices.
Figure 244: Overview of the Imported Devices
9.7.1.2
Exporting a Project for smartDESIGNER
1.
To export projects you wish to open in smartDESIGNER, click
[Import/Export] in Backstage view.
2.
Click [smartDESIGNER].
3.
Click [Export].
Select a valid file in the dialog.
All devices with modules are created in the export file.
The Backstage view stays open.
A warning message appears if the project contains a device for which a DTP is
not installed. If this is a coupler, the modules are exported on a DIN rail without
this coupler.
A warning message also appears if the project contains a device that does not have
a valid order number, as this is possibly a generic item.
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List of Figures
Figure 1: Display of the Start Screen during Loading........................................... 18
Figure 2: Display of the License Status................................................................. 18
Figure 3: Entering the License Key....................................................................... 19
Figure 4: Entering Licenses ................................................................................... 20
Figure 5: Activating Automatic Updates............................................................... 21
Figure 6: Start View .............................................................................................. 22
Figure 7: Main View ............................................................................................. 24
Figure 8: Quick Access Toolbar (Standard View) ................................................ 25
Figure 9: Customizing the Quick Access Toolbar ................................................ 25
Figure 10: Menu Ribbon (Standard View) ............................................................ 26
Figure 11: Managing workspaces.......................................................................... 27
Figure 12: Creating a New Workspace ................................................................. 28
Figure 13: “VIEW” Tab ........................................................................................ 30
Figure 14: “NETWORK” Tab ............................................................................... 32
Figure 15: “DEVICE” Tab .................................................................................... 34
Figure 16: “Multiple download” Dialog ............................................................... 35
Figure 17: “PROGRAM” Tab ............................................................................... 36
Figure 18: Multiple Download .............................................................................. 38
Figure 19: “Search” Dialog ................................................................................... 39
Figure 20: “DEBUG” Tab ..................................................................................... 42
Figure 21: “I/O CHECK” Tab ............................................................................... 46
Figure 22: Views and Workspaces ........................................................................ 49
Figure 23: General Status Display for Connections .............................................. 50
Figure 24: Status Display for Devices (Online) .................................................... 52
Figure 25: “Network/Devices” Workspace ........................................................... 53
Figure 26: Network View ...................................................................................... 54
Figure 27: Context Menu of a Device ................................................................... 55
Figure 28: Color Coding of Connectors ................................................................ 57
Figure 29: Context Menu of a Connector .............................................................. 57
Figure 30: Connection between Two Devices ...................................................... 59
Figure 31: Fieldbus-Specific Configurators .......................................................... 60
Figure 32: “MODBUS Master Variables” Tab ..................................................... 61
Figure 33: Slave Variables Context Menu ............................................................ 62
Figure 34: Master Variables Context Menu .......................................................... 63
Figure 35: “Connection Settings” Tab .................................................................. 63
Figure 36: MODBUS Slave Configurator ............................................................. 65
Figure 37: “CANopen Remote Device” Tab (view with “Expert Settings”
checkbox enabled) ....................................................................................... 66
Figure 38: SD Channel Configuration................................................................... 67
Figure 39: Heartbeat Consuming Properties ......................................................... 68
Figure 40: “PDO Mapping Tab” ........................................................................... 69
Figure 41: “Service Data Object Tab” .................................................................. 70
Figure 42: Adding Service Data Objects ............................................................... 71
Figure 43: “CANopen I/O Mapping” Tab ............................................................. 72
Figure 44: CANopen Slave Configuration ............................................................ 73
Figure 45: Edit I/O Area ........................................................................................ 73
Figure 46: Add I/O Range ..................................................................................... 74
Figure 47: Edit Parameter Range .......................................................................... 75
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Figure 48: CANbus Slave I/O Mapping ................................................................ 76
Figure 49: CANopen Manager .............................................................................. 77
Figure 50: Check and Fix Configuration ............................................................... 77
Figure 51: CANopen I/O Mapping ....................................................................... 79
Figure 52: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator ................................................. 80
Figure 53: Context Menu of a Data Point ............................................................. 82
Figure 54: Information in the Status Line of the PROFIBUS Configurator ......... 82
Figure 55: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator ................................................ 82
Figure 56: Device View (Example: Fieldbus Controller with Connected
Modules) ...................................................................................................... 84
Figure 57: I/O Module Context Menu................................................................... 85
Figure 58: I/O Mapping ......................................................................................... 87
Figure 59: Elements of the Program Editor........................................................... 90
Figure 60: Library Manager .................................................................................. 92
Figure 61: Task Configuration .............................................................................. 93
Figure 62: “PLC_Task” Main Task....................................................................... 94
Figure 63: Selecting a Program via the Input Assistant ........................................ 96
Figure 64: Breakpoints .......................................................................................... 97
Figure 65: Call Stack ............................................................................................. 97
Figure 66: Cross Reference List ............................................................................ 98
Figure 67: Creating and Managing User-Defined Workspaces ............................ 99
Figure 68: Panels ................................................................................................. 100
Figure 69: Displaying Panels .............................................................................. 100
Figure 70: “Device Structure” Panel ................................................................... 101
Figure 71: “Program Structure” Panel................................................................. 102
Figure 72: Context Menu of an Application ....................................................... 103
Figure 73: “Product Catalog” Panel .................................................................... 105
Figure 74: Displaying Available Versions .......................................................... 106
Figure 75: Dragging Devices to the Network View ............................................ 106
Figure 76: Displaying Product Information ........................................................ 106
Figure 77: Adding a Device to a Project ............................................................. 107
Figure 78: “Settings” Panel with the Button to a Device Configurator
(CANopen) ................................................................................................. 108
Figure 79: Additional Plc Settings ...................................................................... 109
Figure 80: Message Bar ....................................................................................... 110
Figure 81: Message Window ............................................................................... 110
Figure 82: Status Bar ........................................................................................... 111
Figure 83: Backstage View ................................................................................. 112
Figure 84: Backstage View, “New” Page ........................................................... 113
Figure 85: Backstage View, “Open” Page .......................................................... 114
Figure 86: Backstage View, “Save As” Page ...................................................... 115
Figure 87: Backstage View, “Print” Page ........................................................... 116
Figure 88: Backstage View, “Import/Export” Page ............................................ 117
Figure 89: Backstage View, “Project Settings” Page .......................................... 119
Figure 90: Backstage View, “Product Catalog” Page ......................................... 120
Figure 91: Backstage View, “Options” Page ...................................................... 122
Figure 92: Backstage View, “Help” Page ........................................................... 124
Figure 93: Using Online Help ............................................................................. 126
Figure 94: Displaying Panels .............................................................................. 128
Figure 95: Closing a Panel .................................................................................. 128
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Figure 96: Docking Panels .................................................................................. 129
Figure 97: Grouping Panels ................................................................................. 129
Figure 98: Docking and Floating the Main View................................................ 130
Figure 99: Multiple Selection in Tree Structures or Network View ................... 131
Figure 100: Multiple Selection with Frames ....................................................... 131
Figure 101: Moving Multiple Selection .............................................................. 132
Figure 102: Predefined Workspaces.................................................................... 133
Figure 103: Opening the “Network/Devices” Workspace .................................. 133
Figure 104: Opening the “Network/Devices” Workspace .................................. 133
Figure 105: Opening Network View ................................................................... 134
Figure 106: “NETWORK” Tab ........................................................................... 134
Figure 107: Opening Device Detail View via Network View ............................ 134
Figure 108: Opening Device Detail View via the “DEVICE” Tab ..................... 134
Figure 109: Opening Device Detail View ........................................................... 135
Figure 110: “DEVICE” Tab ................................................................................ 135
Figure 111: Use the Breadcrumb navigation to move to the Network view ....... 135
Figure 112: Use the “NETWORK” tab to move to the Network view ............... 135
Figure 113: Moving between Network View and Device Detail View .............. 136
Figure 114: Toggling between Graphical and Tabular View .............................. 136
Figure 115: Opening the “Programming” Workspace ........................................ 136
Figure 116: Opening the “Programming” Workspace ........................................ 136
Figure 117: Opening the “Programming” Workspace ........................................ 137
Figure 118: Opening the “PROGRAM” and “DEBUG” Tabs ............................ 137
Figure 119: Creating a New Workspace ............................................................. 137
Figure 120: New Button in the Menu Ribbon ..................................................... 138
Figure 121: Selecting a Template ........................................................................ 142
Figure 122: Docking the Position of the Project File .......................................... 143
Figure 3: Replacing Device Descriptions ............................................................ 143
Figure 10: Replacing All Device Descriptions.................................................... 144
Figure 123: Saving a Project Automatically ....................................................... 145
Figure 124: Automatically Saved Projects on the “Open” Page ......................... 146
Figure 125: Dragging Devices to the Network View .......................................... 147
Figure 126: Adding Modules .............................................................................. 148
Figure 127: Selecting the Medium for Scanning................................................. 149
Figure 128: Restricting the Scan Range .............................................................. 149
Figure 129: Starting the Scan Operation ............................................................. 149
Figure 130: Displaying a Scan Result ................................................................. 150
Figure 131: Opening Graphical Network View .................................................. 150
Figure 132: Scanning Modules............................................................................ 151
Figure 133: Displaying Scanned Modules .......................................................... 151
Figure 134: Selecting Modules............................................................................ 151
Figure 135: Accepting Modules with the Same Scan Result Together ............... 152
Figure 136: Applying Modules ........................................................................... 152
Figure 137: Displaying Scanned Modules .......................................................... 152
Figure 138: Display of Applied Modules ............................................................ 153
Figure 139: Scanning for Modules of Several Devices ....................................... 153
Figure 140: Displaying the Scan Report ............................................................. 154
Figure 141: Connecting Devices (Network View) .............................................. 154
Figure 142: Connecting Devices (Device Structure) .......................................... 154
Figure 143: Connecting Devices (Menu Ribbon) ............................................... 155
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Figure 144: Opening the “Settings” Panel (here: Device Detail View) .............. 155
Figure 145: “Settings” Panel (Tab Navigation) .................................................. 156
Figure 146: “Settings” Panel (Groups in Tabs) ................................................... 156
Figure 147: Opening Device-Specific Configurators .......................................... 157
Figure 148: Writing Parameters to the Device .................................................... 158
Figure 149: Reading Parameters from the Device .............................................. 158
Figure 150: Dragging Devices to the Network View .......................................... 159
Figure 151: Opening the “Settings” Panel .......................................................... 159
Figure 152: Establishing Network Connections .................................................. 160
Figure 153: Opening the Interface....................................................................... 160
Figure 154: Selecting a Connection .................................................................... 161
Figure 155: Displaying Devices That Are Logically Connected ........................ 161
Figure 156: Opening Connection Settings or MODBUS Slave Configurator .... 162
Figure 157: Variable Configuration MODBUS, View for the Master (Client) .. 162
Figure 158: Creating New Variables on the Slave .............................................. 163
Figure 159: New Variable in the Slave Application ........................................... 163
Figure 160: MODBUS Connection Settings ....................................................... 164
Figure 161: New Variable on the Master ............................................................ 164
Figure 162: Opening the Main Program of the Master ....................................... 164
Figure 163: Accessing the “newVar” Variable in the Master Application ......... 165
Figure 164: Dragging Devices to the Network View .......................................... 166
Figure 165: Assigning an IP Address .................................................................. 166
Figure 166: Opening the “Settings” Panel .......................................................... 167
Figure 167: Assigning the Role of the Device .................................................... 167
Figure 168: Creating a Connection between CANopen Devices ........................ 167
Figure 169: Adapting “Node ID” and Baud Rate................................................ 168
Figure 170: Opening the CANopen Connection Configurator ........................... 168
Figure 171: CANopen Connection Configurator (Slave).................................... 168
Figure 172: Adding a Data Point ......................................................................... 169
Figure 173: Updating the Configuration ............................................................. 169
Figure 174: Choosing the Update Behavior ........................................................ 170
Figure 175: Opening the CANopen Connection Configurator ........................... 170
Figure 176: Entering Variables ........................................................................... 170
Figure 177: Placing the PROFIBUS Master and Slave in the Network View .... 171
Figure 178: Connecting PROFIBUS Devices ..................................................... 171
Figure 179: Opening the “Settings” Panel .......................................................... 172
Figure 180: Opening the Configurator of the PROFIBUS Connection .............. 172
Figure 181: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator ............................................ 173
Figure 182: Creating a New Variable.................................................................. 173
Figure 183: Configured Variables ....................................................................... 174
Figure 184: Creating Multiple Variables............................................................. 174
Figure 185: Using Created Variables .................................................................. 175
Figure 186: Opening the “I/O Mapping” Tab ..................................................... 175
Figure 187: Manual Entry of the IEC Variable ................................................... 175
Figure 188: Entering IEC Variables via the Input Assistant ............................... 175
Figure 189: Selecting a Variable ......................................................................... 176
Figure 190: Mapping Completed ........................................................................ 176
Figure 191: Saving the Device Description File ................................................. 176
Figure 192: Switching an LED On/Off with the Mouse ..................................... 177
Figure 193: Display of an I/O Module for the Input/Output Test ....................... 178
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Figure 194: Display of a Node for the Input/Output Test ................................... 178
Figure 195: Performing a Test............................................................................. 179
Figure 196: Status Display for Inputs and Outputs ............................................. 179
Figure 197: Changing Analog and Digital Values .............................................. 179
Figure 198: Write Collection Values................................................................... 180
Figure 199: Opening the “Programming” Workspace ........................................ 181
Figure 200: Context Menu in the Program Structure .......................................... 182
Figure 201: Adding a POU .................................................................................. 183
Figure 202: Selecting a Template for Libraries................................................... 184
Figure 203: Creating a Library ............................................................................ 184
Figure 204: Saving and Installing a Library ........................................................ 185
Figure 205: Adding the Library Manager ........................................................... 186
Figure 206: Creating a Program .......................................................................... 187
Figure 207: Adding a Program Call .................................................................... 187
Figure 208: Entering the Program Name via the Input Assistant........................ 188
Figure 209: Programming Editor (in this example: Structured Text (ST)) ......... 188
Figure 210: Entering Variables/Data Points ........................................................ 188
Figure 211: Entering Variables/Data Points via the Input Assistant ................... 189
Figure 212: I/O Mapping ..................................................................................... 189
Figure 213: Compiling an Application ................................................................ 190
Figure 214: Message Window ............................................................................. 190
Figure 215: Excluding the Program from Compiling ......................................... 191
Figure 216: Program Excluded from Compiling................................................. 191
Figure 217: Selecting Values for Monitoring...................................................... 192
Figure 218: Watch List ........................................................................................ 192
Figure 219: Adding a Visualization .................................................................... 195
Figure 220: Creating a Visualization................................................................... 195
Figure 221: Assigning a Value ............................................................................ 196
Figure 222: Multiple Download .......................................................................... 198
Figure 223: Loading a CODESYS Project .......................................................... 199
Figure 224: Converting a Library Reference ...................................................... 199
Figure 225: Adding a Library.............................................................................. 201
Figure 226: Exporting Program Elements ........................................................... 202
Figure 227: Importing Program Elements ........................................................... 203
Figure 228: Documenting a Project..................................................................... 204
Figure 229: Moving to the Product Catalog Management .................................. 205
Figure 230: Selecting a Device Description ........................................................ 206
Figure 231: Selecting a Device ........................................................................... 206
Figure 232: Deleting a Device Type ................................................................... 207
Figure 233: Displaying Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions ................. 207
Figure 234: Displaying Available Versions ........................................................ 208
Figure 235: Replacing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions ................... 208
Figure 236: Replacing Device Type Versions/Device Descriptions ................... 209
Abbildung 239: Replace All Device Descriptions .............................................. 209
Figure 237: Replacing Older Versions Automatically ........................................ 210
Figure 238: Performing Updates ......................................................................... 211
Figure 239: Saving Archives ............................................................................... 213
Figure 240: WAGO smartDESIGNER ............................................................... 216
Figure 241: Overview of the Imported Devices .................................................. 217
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List of Tables
Table 1: Number Notation ..................................................................................... 10
Table 2: Font Conventions .................................................................................... 10
Table 3: System Requirements .............................................................................. 15
Table 4: Key for Figure “Start View” ................................................................... 23
Table 5: Key for Figure “Main View” .................................................................. 24
Table 6: Buttons on the Quick Access Toolbar ..................................................... 25
Table 7: “START” Tab Operating Elements ........................................................ 26
Table 8: “VIEW” Tab Operating Elements ........................................................... 30
Table 9: “NETWORK” Tab Operating Elements ................................................. 32
Table 10: “DEVICE” Tab Operating Elements .................................................... 34
Table 11: “PROGRAM” Tab Operating Elements ............................................... 36
Table 12: “DEBUG” Operating Elements............................................................. 42
Table 13: “I/O CHECK” Tab Operating Elements ............................................... 46
Table 14: General Operating Elements ................................................................. 50
Table 15: Key for Figure “General Status Display for Connections” ................... 50
Table 16: General Status Display for Connections ............................................... 51
Table 17: Elements of the Network View ............................................................. 53
Table 18: Key for Figure “Network View” ........................................................... 54
Table 19: Device Status ......................................................................................... 55
Table 20: Context Menu of a Device .................................................................... 56
Table 21: Color Coding of Connectors ................................................................. 57
Table 22: Operating Elements in the Context Menu of a Connector .................... 58
Table 23: Key for Figure “MODBUS Master Variables” Tab .............................. 62
Table 24: Key to Figure “Slave Variables Context Menu” ................................... 63
Table 25: Key to Figure “Master Variables Context Menu”................................. 63
Table 26: Key to “Connection Settings” Tab ........................................................ 64
Table 27: Key for Figure “CANopen Remote Device Tab” ................................. 67
Table 28: Key for Figure “PDO Mapping Tab” .................................................... 70
Table 29: Key to Figure “Service Data Object Tab”............................................. 70
Table 30: Key to Figure “CANopen I/O Mapping” Tab ....................................... 72
Table 31: General Configuration ........................................................................... 73
Table 32: CANbus I/O Mapping ........................................................................... 76
Table 33: CANopen Remote Device ..................................................................... 77
Table 34: PROFIBUS Connection Configurator................................................... 81
Table 35: PROFIBUS Configurator ...................................................................... 83
Table 36: Elements of the Device View ................................................................ 85
Table 37: Context Menu of a Device .................................................................... 86
Table 38: I/O Mapping .......................................................................................... 87
Table 39: Elements of the Program Editor ............................................................ 90
Table 40: Library Manager.................................................................................... 92
Table 41: “PLC_Task” Main Task ........................................................................ 94
Table 42: Context Menu of an Application ......................................................... 104
Table 43: Buttons of the “Product Catalog” Panel .............................................. 105
Table 44: Message Bar Elements ........................................................................ 110
Table 45: Elements of the Message Window ...................................................... 110
Table 46: Legend for Figure Backstage View..................................................... 112
Table 47: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Open” Page ........................... 114
Table 48: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Print” Page ............................ 116
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Table 49: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Import/Export” Page............. 118
Table 50: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Project Settings” Page ......... 119
Table 51: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Product Catalog” Page.......... 120
Table 52: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Options” Page ....................... 122
Table 53: Backstage View Operating Elements, “Help” Page ............................ 124
Table 54: General Key Combinations ................................................................. 140
Table 55: Key Combinations, “START” Tab ..................................................... 140
Table 56: Key Combinations, “PROGRAM” Tab .............................................. 140
Table 57: Key Combinations, “PROGRAM” Tab .............................................. 141
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