theWord manual

theWord manual
theWord manual
©2003-2012 Costas Stergiou
Contents
1 Welcome to theWord
3 Installing/Updating
5
Auto update
6
Installing new modules
9 General Concepts
10 Global Preferences
14 Modules
16
Bible Modules
17
Book Modules
20
User Modules
22
Adding/Editing Topics
24
Adding/Editing Content
27
Adding/Editing Module Properties
28
Preparing User Module for Distribution
30
Paid Modules
35 Views
39
46
Bookmarks
46
Bible View Options
59
Show/Hide Bible Texts
61
User Formatting
62
Compare View
64
List View
68
Book View
75
Module Sets
79
Hyperlinking
82
Automatic Verse Recognition
83
Copying/moving book topics
86
Non-user modules formatting
87
Book view Bookmarks
88
RTF footnotes/endnotes
89
2
Bible View
Bible Search View
91
Fast Tab
93
Detailed Tab
97
Options Tab
98
Search syntax
103
Book Search View
107
Bible Tree
108
View synchronization
Contents
115 Bible Reading Plans
119
Using your Bible Reading Plan
124 Daily Readings
127 Graphics Viewer
129 Copying Verses
132 Clipboard Monitor
136 Cross-References
143 Layouts
146 Popups
148 How word lookups are performed?
149 Importing personal notes from theWord 2
150 Original language texts popups and word-click options
152 Shortcuts
157 Advanced functions
157
Files used by theWord
159
Working directly with the config.ini file
161
Regular Expression Syntax
184
Misc & Hidden functions
186 Copyrights and License information
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Welcome to theWord
Welcome to theWord® Bible Software!
theWord is a free, high quality Bible software! I hope that it will prove to be a valuable tool as you
study the Word of God!
theWord is simple enough for the novice user, yet is very powerful and allows you to do things you
would not have expected to see in a free software. This manual will help you discover the features of
the software and how you can better use it to enhance your Bible study.
This manual is available as a PDF file, HTML Help file (.chm) and online.
Before you start
1. theWord provides very useful tips when you hover your mouse over a button, menu item or other
control. Unlike other programs, the tool-tips in theWord have been designed to give you real help and
explain in detail what each function does!
2. theWord can be simple as well as complex! In case you are overwhelmed when it first starts, do the
following: Go to the main menu View -> Layout -> Predefined Layouts and choose Beginner, or
Novice. This will automatically switch everything to a much simpler layout.
Welcome Screen/Quick Startup Guide
The first time you run theWord, the following Welcome Screen appears:
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The same screen is also available from the Help -> Welcome Screen/Quick Startup Guide... menu.
You may move your mouse over one of the three pre-created Beginner, Basic, Default tabs to see a
preview of three predefined Layouts that you can initialize theWord with. A short description is available
on the right part of the Welcome Screen to help you choose a startup layout that better suits your needs.
It is suggested to go through all three options and read through the quick notes on the right in order to
get a quick overview of some of the basic features of theWord.
You may click on:
Cancel: to retain your current layout
Preview: if you want to preview a layout live, before choosing
Go: if you want to start using the selected layout.
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Installing/Updating
Installing theWord
theWord software uses an installer to automatically install itself on your computer. You can start the
installer by double-clicking on the installer exe (typically, the installer file name is theword-setup-en.exe,
but it may be slightly different depending on the package you have downloaded or whether you install it
from a CD/DVD).
Once you start the installation, just follow the on-screen instructions.
theWord is compatible with Windows 9x, ME, 2000, XP, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, both 32bit and
64bit versions. The default installation folder is c:\Program Files\The Word, or c:\Program Files (x86)
\The Word for 64bit operating systems.
TIP: Notice that although theWord may be installed under the Program Files
folder, the actual modules will not, and should not, be installed in this folder. If
you install modules in that folder, then theWord will not be able to use them
because these folder are read-only in normal windows installations.
Be careful if you download modules from a 3rd party site that use installers to
put the modules under the Program Files folder: they will not work!
Installing add-on modules
Read the Installing new modules topic to see how you can add more modules in theWord. See also the
file associations section for information on the extensions that theWord associated with itself.
Updating from previous versions
You can install a newer version of theWord over a previous one if you want to upgrade. All your personal
settings are safely preserved. If you upgrade from version 2, some settings may not be properly
migrated, but all your notes will still be migrated. You can import at a later time notes that you created
with version 2 from the File->Import personal notes... dialog.
Installation types: Normal, Compact, UFD
There are basically two installation types: normal installation and compact installation. These can be
selected during installation from the installer (the UFD -USB Flash Drive- installation is a sub-type of the
compact installation that allows you to create completely portable installations).
In a normal installation, the files used by theWord are spread to several folders according to the official
Microsoft recommendations (see Files used by theWord for details). In a compact installation, all files
used by theWord reside in the folder (and sub-folders) where you installed the software.
A UFD installation is identical to a compact installation, except that no registry settings are written during
the installation and no uninstaller is created, since it is not needed; you can completely remove theWord
in that case by deleting the installation folder.
There are no differences between a normal and a compact installation apart from the file locations. What
makes an installation compact is the existence of a file with the name compact in the same folder as the
main executable file (theword.exe). If this file is present, then theWord runs in compact mode. You can
check the mode the software is running from the About dialog (Help->About), File Locations tab: If
running in compact mode, there is a message on the upper-right corner reading running in compact
mode:
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Appears if The Word is
running in compact mode
By default, when running in compact mode, theWord will not use any modules that reside outside the
program's installation folder. You can change this option from the File->Preferences dialog, General tab,
Other options section (When running in compact mode, use also all modules installed in target
computer option).
TIP: You can change the installation type of theWord at any moment by creating/
deleting an empty file with the name compact at the same folder where the main
executable file (theword.exe) resides -normally under c:\Program Files\The
Word.
If you change the installation mode like that, then the next time theWord starts, it
will read its settings from the config.ini file appropriate for the installation see Files used by theWord for details.
USB Flash Drive (UFD) installation
The only difference in that case is that no registry settings are written when you install the software. In
general, theWord makes minimal use of the registry. Among the few settings written in the registry, one is
the location where theWord is installed: in a UFD installation even this information is omitted; practically
nothing is written to any folder in your computer, except from files in the installation folder!
Installing a portable version of theWord by yourself
You can install a portable version of theWord on a USB flash drive, or in any folder you wish. Just follow
these steps:
Download the software (any package) along with any add-on modules you want. if you have
already downloaded and installed on your PC, you don't need to re-download. Use the same
installer.
Run theWord installer. Wait for it to start.
1. On the welcome screen, click Next.
2. Please, read carefully the License Agreement and click I Agree if you fully agree with it.
3. On the 3rd screen of the installer (Installation type) select Compact (Single folder) and also
check the USB flash drive mode option. Click Next.
4. From the next screen (Choose components) select the modules you want installed on your
USB flash drive. Click Next.
5. Make sure the USB flash drive is inserted in a USB slot of your PC. From the next screen (
Choose install location) click Browse and select the drive letter of the USB flash drive
6. Click Install and wait until the installer finishes. That's it!
To run the program, open from your windows explorer the USB flash drive and double-click on the
theword.exe file. Remember that you should not pull the USB flash drive from the PC while the program
is running or you will lose unsaved data.
TIP: Please, consider making a donation and get a pre-loaded USB flash drive
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as a gift! Although you can do it yourself, if you have found theWord useful
please consider the possibility of a donation to help support it! You can read
more on the official site at http://www.theword.gr/donate
Multiple installations of theWord
You can safely install theWord more than once in a single computer. The only thing you should be careful
(in order to avoid confusion) is that you should do at most one normal installation. It is advised that in
that case you should choose to make the next installations in Compact/UFD mode. If you do so, each
installation will be totally independent of the other.
Languages
theWord is translated in several languages. The standard installation of theWord includes all available
languages. You may choose to install these or you can later install add-on language packs that you can
download from the official site. Each language is normally distributed as a self-installing package so you
only need to download and execute the appropriate add-on.
To change the current language theWord is using go to File->Languages. Notice that the current
language impacts the way that automatic verse recognition occurs!
Uninstalling theWord
You can fully uninstall theWord software from your computer in 2 ways:
1. From the theWord program group that is created during installation (can be found on your
Windows program menu), click uninstall
2. From the Control Panel, click Add or Remove programs, locate the entry for theWord and click
uninstall.
3. For a compact/UFD installation, you can just delete the installation folder and everything will be
deleted (in case of a compact installation, remember to delete the 2 registry keys manually: check
the Files used by theWord section for those; for UFD installation nothing else is required).
The uninstaller is well designed so that no trace or garbage is left over; moreover, upon uninstalling, you
have the option to keep all your personal files created from within theWord.
Auto update
Overview
theWord has a built-in mechanism which periodically checks if there is a newer version of the software
available. By default such a check is made once a week. If you have a firewall installed on your computer
you may get a warning that the software is trying to connect to the Internet: this is normal and you should
accept the connection if you want to use this function.
The first time theWord will attempt to check for a newer version you will get a warning dialog to verify if
you want this to happen.
During the auto-update procedure, no personal info of yours is sent over the internet and it is perfectly
safe to allow this function to execute, if you find it useful. If you are unsure you can disable this function
from the Preferences dialog (General tab, Auto-update options section).
TIP: It is possible that if you go at the official site you will see a newer version
than the one you currently have, yet the auto-update feature will not inform you
5
about this.
The reason is that theWord is regularly updated and it is often the case that new
minor versions are being released that address specific obscure bugs or minor
new features. In those cases, and in order to avoid being harassed all the time
with installing a newer version that you don't really need, these new version are
not reported automatically.
Manually checking for newer versions
Under the Help menu there are the following two options:
1. Check for new version...: this option allows you to check if there is a new version manually. This
option will work even if you have turned-off the Auto-update feature
2. Check for updates on modules and language files...: this option allows you to check whether
there is an update to any of your installed official modules and language files. This menu will open
the default browser window and will take you to the official site to check for newer versions.
Information of all your currently installed modules and languages files (and their versions) is being
sent in order to give you a list with only the ones that have been updated.
Please, remember that when you install a newer version of a Book module, any custom user
highlighting you have made is lost/reset for this Book module. This does not apply for Bible
modules, where all user highlighting is preserved when you install newer versions of a module.
Installing new modules
Overview
theWord can be extended with add-on modules that you can download from the official site or from
other 3rd party sites. The installation of add-on modules highly depends on the way they are packaged
and distributed.
Modules from the official site are distributed as .exe files (executables). In order to install them you just
need to download the module .exe file and double click to run it. An installer will then guide you through
the installation of the module.
TIP: Be careful that in order for the automated installer to work properly, a
normal or compact installation of theWord is required.
If you have more than one installations of theWord on your PC, or if you want to
install a module in a USB flash drive, this method may fail, unless you manually
specify during module installation that path where theWord software resides
(e.g. the path of the file theword.exe).
TIP: Problems with Anti-Virus or Anti-Malware programs may arise when you
try to run an .exe file that is downloaded from theWord. This is because some of
these programs will incorrectly report that there might be a problem with the .
exe file you downloaded. In that case you can use the integrated Installation
function of theWord to install the modules (read below).
Integrated Installation Function
theWord provides an integrated installation function that allows you to easily install modules you
6
download without having to explicitly running installers or un-packing compressed files or worry about
file locations and paths. You can access the Install Modules dialog from the menu File -> Install
modules...:
To install a module just drag-n-drop the files you downloaded onto this window (or click the Browse...
button on the top to select them) and click the Install Selected modules... button.
This method of installation provides several advantages:
You can drag many different kind of files, including the official .exe files you download from
theWord site, all kind of archives (.zip, .7z, .rar, etc) and all kind of modules files (.ont, .twm, etc).
You can automate the installation of multiple files in one step. For example, you can download 10
modules from the official site and drag them all in this dialog to be installed. For archives that
contains multiple modules, the same will apply.
You don't need to run .exe files and run in any problems with Anti-Virus programs.
You don't need to specify the location where the modules should be installed. If you have
multiple installations of theWord on your PC, you can install the modules in the correct installation
because you can do that from within theWord installation that you want.
The integrated installer will also handle archives with a password: if an archive has been password
protected, a dialog will appear to prompt you for it.
TIP: If you have downloaded an uncompressed module file (e.g. .ont, .twm, etc
file), then double-clicking on it will popup this dialog and allow you to install it.
Archives with modules - the .twzip extension
Archive files with the extension .twzip can be used to easily install modules you may download.
These are standard archive files (can be zip files, 7z files, etc) but their extensions has been changed to .
twzip. theWord associates .twzip files with itself and so you can just install these files by double-clicking
on them.
7
TIP: Notice that if you want to install a .twzip file on a USB Flash drive, then
theWord must be running before you double click on the .twzip file (obviously
you should be running theWord from the USB Flash drive).
8
General Concepts
Views
theWord utilizes windows, called Views, as it basic structure and layout. Views are rectangular areas
within theWord's main window that are dedicated to a particular function. There are five separate views
in theWord. They are:
Bible View
Bible Search View
Book View
Book Search View
Bible Tree
theWord allows you to create more than one Views of each type (with the exception of the Bible Tree
view). As you learn to use the program, you will find this ability very useful. You can use layouts to save
and restore a specific arrangement of views, and their settings.
Views are automatically organized in theWord's main window. Any of the Views can also be detached
from the main window, making the View float. Otherwise, the Views are docked to theWord's main
window. Each of the Views is color coded, with the colors appearing in the window buttons, title bars,
etc., as follows:
Bible View - blue
Bible Search View - green
Book View - orange
Book Search View - purple
Bible Tree - yellow
Each View displays particular type of information. For instance, the Bible view displays (obviously) the text
and related options of Bible modules: this information is organized into tabs (or buttons). In the Bible
and Book Views, these tabs represent each individual Bible or module. This is essentially the visible
library. Each view has a specific menu (called View Menu) for its layout and placement. This is found at
the top left of each view, (the little arrow).
View Specific Menu (at left)
Each View can be maximized, restored, or closed. This is done via the buttons at the top right of each
View.
Close and Maximize View Buttons
As you will learn later, these Views can be organized, positioned, restored, and manipulated very easily
within theWord. You can find more information in the Views section of the help file.
9
Global Preferences
Overview
Global program preferences control the way the program behaves in general and in relation to Microsoft
Windows. Various other settings are found here as well. These settings can be found via the main menu:
File -> Preferences... Since Clipboard monitoring and Bible texts tab help is found in other topics, they
will not be covered here.
General Tab
General Tab of Preferences Dialog
Start program with Windows causes theWord to start when you start your computer. You may also
cause it to start minimized by checking the option below.
Minimize window to tray icon will cause theWord to minimize to a tray icon (located in the Windows
taskbar) rather than to a normal button on the Windows taskbar.
Mouse wheel scrolls and activates window under cursor causes the mouse to activate the window
under the mouse so that no clicking is needed to scroll.
The Error handling section describes the procedures theWord takes when there is a problem with the
program. If you check the When an error occurs... option, then the program will automatically send an email in case of an error. If you want, you can include your email in the text box below in order to be
contacted if further information is needed. The Display dialog to enter... option will display a dialog that
allows you to enter a description of what you were doing in case of an error. Notice though, that this can
be annoying since the program can usually recover from the errors, yet this procedure requires will
temporary distract you.
The When running in compact mode... option refers to which modules theWord uses while running in
compact mode. When in compact mode, by default, theWord will only access those modules that are in
the same folder as the theword.exe file. If this option is selected, theWord will also use modules that may
be found in the default folders of a normal installation.
Fonts Tab
10
Fonts Tab of Preferences Dialog
This tab controls several widely used fonts in theWord.
Default Greek font is the font used in the Bible View to display things such as the Greek Bible, Greek
words in Strong's numbers, etc.
Default Hebrew font is similar to the Greek font above, only Hebrew.
Default Book View font is the font used by default to display content in the Book View. See also
Preparing User Modules for Distribution.
Advanced Tab
11
Advanced Tab in Preferences Dialog
The first section (Bible view specific -> When hovering over a verse reference, use:) customizes the
way tool tips are displayed. By default, theWord uses the default Bible (see Bible View) to display verse
texts in tool tips; if you press CTRL while hovering over the link, the active Bible will be used. You can
reverse this logic by selecting the Active Bible module to display the verse text, or the Default if
CTRL or ALT is pressed.
Show hints when hovering over Bible view module tabs: whether hints will be displayed when the
mouse hovers over the modules tabs/button of the Bible view.
Use the TAB key to insert tabs instead of navigating through the program controls:Normally, the tab
key is used to navigate through the controls of a program. When the cursor is in an editable topic in the
Book view and this check box is selected, the TAB key will insert a tab character in the editor instead of
navigating to the next control.
Show hints when hovering over book view module tabs: whether hints will be displayed when the
mouse hovers over the modules tabs/button of the Book view. Especially for the buttons of the Book
view, the hints do contain a lot of information about the module, so it may be preferable to leave this
option off.
Keep the focus on the current input box after pressing 'Enter' to execute command: By default, when
you place the cursor in an input box, type something and press Enter, the focus moves to the view/
window that normally is the receiver of the associated function. Check this option if you prefer the focus
to remain in the input box instead. This option affects:
the Verse Reference input box (accessed with F4)
the Bible Search View input box (accessed with F3)
the Book Search View input box (accessed with F2)
the Bible view module search input box (accessed with SHIFT+F3)
the Book view module search input box (accessed with SHIFT+F2)
Show help tips: Check if you want to display help tips when you pause your mouse over buttons and
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other controls. This is a global setting and affects every single control and button. Remember that these
tips are very explanatory and helpful in finding out what each button does.
File Associations Tab
When theWord is installed, it associates certain file extensions (corresponding to theWord modules) with
itself. This means that when one double-clicks on files with one of these extensions, theWord fires up to
display or install the module(s). From this screen you can select the file extensions that you want
theWord to associate with itself.
TIP: theWord automatically associates these file extensions with itself so,
normally, there is no special action needed from you. This screen should be
only used to re-associate one of the known extension, in case another program
has overwritten it, or for some other reason the association is broken.
Notice that for a normal installation, these associations will be already in place (so everything here will be
checked), since theWord automatically creates them on startup if they do not exist. Un-checking an item
from the associations list here will not reset the association.
The .twzip files are archives (zip files) that contain one or more modules that should be installed in
theWord.
There is some special handling for file associations for UFD installations of theWord: since for a UFD
installation no trace should be left on the target PC, theWord will register these associations on startup
and remove them when it shuts down. This allows a UFD installation to properly handle files with these
extensions while running, but removing registry traces when it is shut down.
13
Modules
Overview
Modules are individual books or resources that are used within theWord. Compared to a regular library,
the modules would be the books on the shelves. theWord has only two basic types of modules: Bibles
and non-Bible (or Book) modules. See below for more information on modules.
Bible Modules
Book Modules
Official Modules
theWord's website (www.theword.net) hosts all official theWord modules. They can be downloaded from
the website freely. These official modules have identifiers and are maintained by theWord team. They are
formatted correctly and have been tested. However, users are not limited only to official modules. Users
can make their own modules or share modules with one another. As modules are made by users, shown
to be in the public domain or proper permission has been obtained, and formatted correctly, they can be
submitted to theWord team to be placed in the official library. Our hope is that the library will become a
very rich resource for users. You can go the library here.
Installing new modules
Read the Installing new modules topic to see how you can add more modules in theWord.
User and non-user modules, encrypted modules
A user module is one whose content can be edited. You can change the status of a module from user to
non-user and vice versa from the Module properties dialog (Settings/Actions tab, User module (can be
edited) option). You can think this status as a module level property that can be changed if necessary.
The primary reason for the distinction between the two is to prevent the content to be changed by
mistake. Notice that although non-user modules' content cannot be edited, it can be formatted/
highlighted.
An encrypted module is a special case of a non-user module whose content is also encrypted and,
moreover, it cannot be switched to non-user status. Paid modules are encrypted modules that require a
proper unlock key in order to be used. There is no way to edit the content of an encrypted module.
Storage Locations
theWord can read from several different storage locations to locate modules that can be used in
theWord. At startup, theWord searches all these locations for new modules and indexes them. These
locations (on Windows 7) are:
C:\Program Files\The Word
C:\Users\<user>\AppData\The Word
C:\ProgramData\The Word
By default, official modules downloaded from theWord library are installed in the third path in the list
above. User modules should be stored in the user's personal path, which is the second path above. All
of the user's installed modules can be found in theWord via the main menu: Help -> About... -> File
Locations tab. More detailed and technical information on module storage locations can be found at
this page on theWord's website.
Deleting a module
To delete a Book module you can right-click on the module's tab and click on the Delete menu.
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There is no direct way to delete a Bible module from within the program at this moment; yet, since, each
module corresponds to a single file on your disk you can just delete the corresponding file.
To delete a Bible module:
1. Right click on the module tab and select Info...
2. At the bottom of the info dialog notice the full path to the module:
3. Close theWord and delete this file using Windows Explorer.
To delete a Book module:
Right click on a module tab and click on Delete module...
Encrypting a module
theWord allow you to encrypt a module if you want to distribute it but do not wish for the end user to be
able to change it's content. To do so, you will need to invoke the following command from a DOS
command prompt:
for a Bible module:
theword.exe -encrypt "filename" [-maxverses xxx]
The -maxverses argument is optional and defines the maximum number of continuous verse that
can be copied in a single step from the Bible. The value used by default for official encrypted
Bible modules is 200.
for a Book module:
theword.exe -encrypt "filename"
In the case of a Bible module, the result is an encrypted module file with the letter x appended to it's
extension. Notice that the first time an encrypted Bible module file is opened by theWord, it is indexed
and its size grows significantly, so if you want to distribute your encrypted module file do not run
theWord after the encryption!
In the case of a Book module, the result is an encrypted module file with the phrase -encrypted
appended to the filename (the extension will not change, it will remain .twm).
15
TIP: Encrypting a module prevents it from later being compressed. This is an
inherent property of the encryption. If you plan to distribute your module (and
obviously you would want to compress the file before you distribute it), you will
not be able to do so effectively. In order to circumvent this it is better to
compress the module from within theWord before encrypting it. You can do so
from the Module Properties dialog, Settings/Actions tab, Module is
compressed (to save disk space) option.
Also, make sure to execute the action Prepare module for distribution...
before doing so, so that unnecessary search data are removed from the module
prior to distribution (this will further remove it's size). See Preparing User
Module for Distribution.
Bible Modules
General Information
Bible Modules are the types of modules that contain the text of a Bible. These modules, under the hood,
are simply properly formatted text files. Bible modules come in three types:
1. .ont files - These are modules that contain both the Old and New Testament text.
2. .ot files - These are modules that contain only the Old Testament text.
3. .nt files - These are modules that contain only the New Testament text.
If a Bible module file is encrypted, then its extension will have an extra x at the end (e.g. .ontx, .otx, .ntx). A
module may be encrypted either due to copyright reasons or because of the author's request, or both.
Go here for more information about encrypted and/or non-free modules.
Bible modules' Bible text contains exactly 31,102 lines (for .ont files). These are formatted using tags
similar to, but not the same as, html. They are custom tags read only by theWord.
The Bible View (see General Concepts) displays all .ont, .ot, or .nt files found in theWord's known folders.
Though many hundreds of Bible modules may be installed and used in theWord, the user has complete
control over which modules are displayed in the Bible View(s). See the Bible View section to learn more
about displaying and hiding Bible modules.
About Info
From the Bible View, the user can find some general information about each displayed Bible module. This
is done by either right-clicking the Bible module's tab and selecting Info, or by clicking the Organize
button to the left of all the Bible tabs, then clicking Info.
Bible View Organize
Button (at left)
Once opened, the menu looks like this.
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Bible Module Organization Menu
The About or Information dialog contains pertinent information about that specific Bible module,
including the version number, unique official identifier (if applicable), and the path of the actual file on the
disk. See below.
Advanced Information
Advanced information for Bible modules, including specifications, all supported tags, etc., can be found at
theWord's website here.
Book Modules
General Information
Book modules are also called non-Bible modules/resources. Any resource that is not a Bible can be used
in a book format. Book modules are, under the hood, simple database files (the sqlite3 database format
is used). Book modules are somewhat more complex than Bible modules files. All Book modules are
basically the same kind of file (e.q. sqlite3 databases). However, depending on the specific use of the
module, the formatting changes some. Specifically, there are six different kinds of Book modules.
Dictionary modules
Commentary modules
General Book modules
Map modules
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Devotional Modules
Reading Plan modules
In reality, these modules are very similar in structure. This is especially true of dictionary, general book,
devotional and map modules. The difference in the names is primarily for organizational purposes.
Further, all Book modules have a file extension of .twm. There is an extension prefix of .dct, .cmt, .gbk,, .
map, .dev or .rdp respectively to help organize the modules. Book modules fully support rich text editing
and displaying, rich hyper linking capabilities, drag-n-drop for topics, and the use of tables and images.
See Creating a User Module for more information.
The distinction between User and non-User modules is that User modules can be edited. In fact, for nonencrypted modules, you can change this attribute in any existing module from the Module Properties
dialog.
Module Properties
The Book View, in a similar way to the Bible View, displays all installed non-Bible resources. Also similar to
the Bible View, several module properties can be displayed and edited for each module. This is done by
pressing the Define Module Sets icon on the Book View:
Module Sets Icon
(at left)
From there, the menu appears, select Module Properties...
Module Sets Menu
You will see the Module Properties Dialog. This dialog gives much information about the module itself,
many actions that can be performed on the module, and displays Information about the module (About
tab). For more information, see the section on creating user modules.
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Book Module Properties Dialog
For Reading Plans, there is a different page in this dialog as follows:
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Advanced Information
For users interested in advanced information regarding Book modules, please refer to the Book module
specification documentation found on theWord website here.
User Modules
Overview
User modules are Book modules that can be edited. You can create commentaries, dictionaries,
general books, maps, etc. Some of the editing features include:
Full image support
Advanced hyper linking to Bibles, topics within the module, other non-Bible modules, websites, files
on the host computer, etc.
Automatic Verse Recognition
Bookmarking
Full rich text formatting.
Drag-and-drop of topics.
Simple copy and paste from Wordpad or Microsoft Word with format preservation.
User modules are identified in the Book View by the edit icon next to the module abbreviation in the tab
bar
.
Default User Modules
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When you first install theWord, two user modules are created to help you write your own notes on verses
and on topics. They are called My Verse Notes and My Subject Notes.
You can access these modules from any Book view and use them to write your own personal notes.
Notice though that these two modules are identical to any other user modules you can create for yourself
at any time. Actually the My Verse Notes is just a commentary, whereas the My Subject Notes is a
Generic book.
Read on to find out how you can create more user modules
Creating a New User Module
To create new user module, go to the main menu: File -> New user module...
New User Module Dialog
In this dialog, you will need to choose the type of module that you want to create.
Commentary modules enable you to make comments on verse, verse-range, chapter, and book
levels. The comments follow the structure of the Bible's divisions, just as in a printed commentary.
Dictionary modules are general one-word, or multiple word entries, that do not have a tree
structure. This means there is only one level in the structure.
Generic book modules have a tree structure in which topics are found within other topics, etc.
There is, in reality, no difference between a dictionary and generic book structure. They are divided
for organizational purposes for you. Generic book modules include all kinds of other modules:
such as, charts, maps, devotionals, etc.
Map or images modules are identical to Generic book modules; the only difference is that they are
marked as such so they can be grouped separately in the Book view tab bar.
TIP: To create a Reading plan you need to go to the menu File -> New Reading
Plan.
In the second section, fill in the Abbreviation, which is the name that will appear in the Book View tab bar.
21
The Title is the full name of the module. This is also the name used as the filename of the module.
The Description gives a brief description of the module that is displayed when you hover the mouse over
the tab in the tab bar.
The Path should be filled in automatically with the filename when you enter a Title. You can change the
default path where the new module will be created by clicking the button at the right of Path.
Once you press OK, the module should be successfully created. You should see the dialog below and
the Book View that contains the new module should be highlighted.
New Module Successfully Created
Adding/Editing Topics
Adding/Editing Topics
Topics can be edited in two ways:
1. Via the Add New Topic icon in the Book View.
2. Via the topic content area in the Book View when there is not a topic selected, or the topic is
currently empty.
For Commentaries
For commentaries: Press the Add New Topic icon, the following menu appears:
Add/Edit Topic
From this menu, you can add a new topic. The first selection will bring up another dialog that will allow
you to select the verse or verse-range to which you want to add a comment on.
The second selection above allows you to add a comment on the current topic.
The third selection allows you to update the reference that a topic is associated with.
The final selection deletes the current topic.
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Select Verse for Comment Dialog
This is the universal dialog to select the verse reference or range to which to add a comment. Notice,
you may add comments for a single verse, a verse-range, a chapter, and an entire book.
You may also add a topic from the topic content area by clicking on the proper link:
Add Topic
From this list of links in the topic content area, you may add comments for the active verse on the verse,
chapter, or book level.
For Dictionaries or Generic Books
From the Add New Topic icon, you may perform the following actions:
Add/Edit Topic
From this menu, you may add a new topic in the first selection.
The second selection changes the current topic's subject.
The third selection deletes the topic.
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Add New Topic Dialog
In this dialog, you will enter the title of the topic in section 1. In section 2, if applicable, you will pick in
what position the new topic will appear in relation to the current topic. This position could be a sibling of
the current topic (same level, before or after) or a child (lower level).
In the topic content area, you may also add entries. See below:
Add Topic
You may add a new topic for the module by clicking the second link.
Changing Topic Positions
You may easily change the position of a topic in dictionaries or general books by simply clicking and
dragging the topic name in the topic list to the new location in the topic list.
Adding/Editing Content
Overview
The Book View supports a great deal of rich text editing. Many of these editing feature are available in
theWord via the Formatting Toolbar. However, there are some other formatting features that are not yet
included in the toolbar. These features will eventually be available from within theWord. Until then, if
there is other formatting that you would like to use, you can copy and paste from Wordpad, Microsoft
Word, or other text editor.
Formatting Toolbar
The Book View has a formatting toolbar to use to format the content of entries in the Book View. This
toolbar usually resides just under and to the right of the main menu.
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Book View Formatting Toolbar
This toolbar contains very familiar formatting tools for anyone who is familiar with a rich text editor. In
case of a non-user module, the toolbar has less options, please see the User Formatting section for
details on non-user module formatting. The hyperlink button (bottom row, second from the end) will
display the Hyperlink Dialog.
You can access more formatting tools for the current Paragraph, Border, and Bullets/Numbering by rightclicking on the content area of the Book view and selecting the menu items Paragraph..., Paragraphs
Borders and Background..., and Bullets and Numbering...:
Saving Content
As you type content into the topic content area, theWord saves the content in real time. There is no need
to save the content. If you make a mistake, the well-known CTRL+Z (undo) option is always available.
Setting the Default Font
To set the default font and font-size used for new topics do this: create a new topic and immediately
(before typing anything) change the font and font-size to the one you want to be the default for all other
new topics. theWord will remember this selection and use this font and font-size for new topics.
Hyper linking
theWord features Automatic Verse Recognition and advanced, manual hyper linking. See these related
sections.
Find and Replace
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You can perform a Find and Find & Replace in the current topic by right-clicking on a word and selecting
from the popup menu:
The following dialog appears:
This dialog allows you to find a word in the current topic, or find and replace it with another.
Image support
theWord supports the most common types of images. You can embed an image in any module topic
either by selecting the Insert a picture from a file... button from the formatting toolbar ( ), or by dragn-dropping an image in the content area of the Book view. The supported image types are bmp, jpg, gif,
png, wmf including transparency. The viewer supports smooth image resizing as well as auto-resizing of
images for non-user modules.
When moving the mouse over an image, a button appears at the top-left area of the image that provides
access to a number of image-related functions.
Specifically:
Display in Graphics Viewer opens the image in the Graphics Viewer
Original size restores the image to it's original size (notice that you can resize an image by
dragging one of the size handles -black squares- at the edge of an image).
Fit to page resizes the image so it fits in the visible area of the viewer
Auto resizing allowance controls how this specific image behaves when the module is viewed in
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non-user mode. By default, when you view a non-user module, the images contained within are
resized to fit the viewer available area. You can control whether image resizing is allowed on the
module level from the Module Properties dialog, Settings/Actions tab, Allow auto-resizing of
images option. This option allows you to override the default behavior of the module on a perimage basis.
Always allow auto-resizing this image will cause the specific image to be resizable, even if
the module level property above is not set
Never allow auto-resizing this image will cause the specific image to not be resizable, even if
the module level property above is set.
Remember that whether images are actually resized and how on the view level is controlled from the
icon on the book view toolbar.
TIP: In order for an image to be auto-resizable, it must not have any text before
or after it and should not reside within a table. Even a single space before or
after the image will cause it to not be resized. Keep this in mind in case you
don't get the behavior you expect!
Adding/Editing Module Properties
Overview
The Module Properties dialog gives much information about the module in general. Just as with an official
module, user modules have properties. These properties can be edited by the user, when a module is
editable (user module).
The Module Properties Dialog can be accessed most easily by right-clicking the module's tab, and
selecting Module properties...
Module Properties Dialog
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Module Properties Dialog
In the Properties tab, the first section, General properties and information, gives information that you
would find in the printed edition of this work. The Language box uses the ISO 693-2 codes. Clicking the
link to the left will take you to a web page that shows these codes.
The System properties section is non-editable. It contains information about this module on the
computer.
If you scroll down, you will see the Electronic text module properties section. This information is
specifically for the electronic edition of the module, not the work itself. Sometimes, electronic and printed
editions will have the same information, if they were produced both in printed form and electronically
concurrently. Status refers the status of completion or non-completion. If the module is not yet complete,
you may put "incomplete" in that area. The Editorial comments and version history is an area where
you can elaborate on version changes or any necessary information that a user should know, especially
before editing the module.
In the About tab of this dialog, you should put relevant information for this module, especially copyright
information, biographical information, prefaces, etc.
For the Settings/Actions tab, see Preparing User Module for Distribution section of this help.
Preparing User Module for Distribution
Overview
Because there is no technical difference between user modules and non-user modules, making your own
modules, or compiling modules for an electronic source, and preparing them for distribution is easy to
do. If the content of the module does not belong to you, you must check to ensure that you either
have permission to use the content from the copyright holder, or ensure that the module is in the
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public domain.
The Settings/Actions tab of the Module Properties Dialog performs many last-minute tasks easily before
distribution. The Module Properties Dialog can be accessed most easily by right-clicking the module's
tab, and selecting Module properties...
Setting/Actions Tab of Module Properties Dialog
The User module checkbox determines if the module can be edited by the user. This should be the last
step taken before distribution.
Allow auto-resizing of images: check this if you want the images of the module to automatically fit the
reading space.
Module is compressed (to save disk space): this option compressed the module to about 50% of the
original size. You should always choose to compress a module that you will encrypt. If you don't need to
encrypt a module, you may leave this option unchecked since an installer will usually compress the
module much better and make it easier to distribute.
Compress also search data (will result in slower searches): select this option if you want the search
index to be compressed. This option only saves space in the end user's disk. It may be useful to select
this option for really large modules.
Module uses right-to-left alignment: select this if the content of your modules is in a right-to-left
language (e.g. Arabic)
Show hidden topics: Hidden topics are an advanced feature that is only used for very specific purposes:
do not check this option unless you are debugging/preparing your modules (read the Book modules
specification more info on hidden topics).
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Contains Strong's definitions, Contains morphological codes: these options should be checked for
special types of modules that contain Strong's definitions of morphology codes.
In the fonts section, you can customize the way a user views the content of the module. These two areas
are only editable after you have deselected the User module selection above. Use the fonts that are
defined in the module uses the fonts you selected when you were making/compiling the module. It will
override the user's Book View font setting (which can be found under File->Preferences->Fonts). The
Use the default Book View fonts selection will use the font that the individual user has selected as the
default font for the Book View. The Do not substitute the following fonts area is especially useful for
the second selection when you have special fonts that should not be substituted (e.g. Cardo and Gentium
fonts that are usually used for Hebrew and Greek words). If, for instance, you use a language in your
module that requires a special font, but the normal content is a common font, you want to input the
special font's name in this area so that the user's default font is used, except for instances in which the
special font must be used.
Topics tree/list font: from here you can select a special font to use for the topic list. This is useful for
modules where the topics are in a language where a special font is required (e.g. Hebrew). You can select
a custom font and a custom font size in that case.
Actions
At the bottom of this tab, you may perform a number of actions on the module that will greatly reduce
the time needed to prepare the module for distribution.
1. Prepare module for distribution - deletes all the search data from the module and compresses
the module.
2. Detect all verse references - automatically detects all verse references. This is especially helpful
when you paste content while compiling a module.
Normally existing verse references will not be overwritten, unless you hold down the ALT key while
you initiate this action.
For commentaries, if you keep the CTRL+SHIFT pressed while initiating this action, partial verse
references (e.g. see also verse 1) will use the context of the current chapter in order to be converted
to links.
3. Convert module content to rtf - in general, reduces the size of the module, apart from changing
the internal storage format to rtf. Since some features are not supported by rtf (potential problems
with tables, esp.), you should make a copy of the module before performing this action. In general
there is no need to perform this action unless you need to have the content in rtf format within the .
twm file.
4. Delete all user formatting from non-user module - deletes are user formatting from the module.
If you have user formatting in the module, this should be done before distribution.
5. Make permanent all user formatting from non-user module - causes all user formatting of the
module to be made part of the module permanently.
6. Recreate the search index for subjects - recreates the index only for the subjects. This is useful if
there is a problem that arises with the topic subjects. This index is different from the topic content
index.
Paid Modules
Overview
theWord supports paid modules. These modules are strongly encrypted and have certain copy
protections. They are also subject to copyrights and usage restrictions. Once you pay for the paid
module via theWord's website, you will receive a confirmation email for your payment and an email with
the link to retrieve your unlock key for the module. Go to the link, enter the information used to purchase
30
the module as required. You will then be sent the unlock key and download link. The instructions on the
website are very thorough and need not be covered here as well.
Unlocking a Paid Module
Close theWord (if open). Run the installer for the new paid module to install it. Re-pen theWord.
Once you re-open theWord, you will prompted to input the unlock code and registration information as
shown below:
Locked Modules Prompt
When you press Yes, you will be shown the Unlocked Purchases Modules dialog. If you select No in the
above prompt, you may access the Unlocked Purchases Modules dialog manually via the main menu:
Help -> Unlock modules...
Unlock Modules Dialog
The module(s) that you have purchased that have not yet been unlocked should be in the selection box at
the top. Select the module you want to unlock.
Enter the Unlock Key from the email you received. It is best to copy-and-paste to ensure no errors are
made.
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Enter the Full Name as it appears on the email you received.
Enter the Email as it appears on the email you received.
Select the Unlock Module at the bottom of the dialog to unlock and you should see the prompt below.
Unlocked Prompt
You will then see the Book or Bible View where the module is displayed shaded and a message saying
that the module was successfully installed. You may begin using your new module.
Locked modules warning dialog
Locked modules warning dialog
This dialog appears if you have purchased at least one module and you make an attempt to use this
locked module in a different computer than the one you registered it. For example, this can happen if you
have installed the software on a USB flash drive and you insert it in a different computer, or if you format
your hard drive and restore your installation from a backup. Please, consult the standard module license
agreement for details on how you are allowed to use paid modules.
The reason this dialog appears is because copying paid modules to different computers is prohibited by
32
the standard license unless you own this computer and you use it yourself or for your immediate family.
In case this dialog appears (which can happen for valid reasons) you will need to enter the email you
used when you registered the paid module in the appropriate input box(es) (marked with the redrectangle above). You will need to enter the correct email for each module (in case you have used the
same email for all your paid modules you can simply check the Automatically verify all modules that
are registered with the same Name and Email in order to avoid typing the email many times -if it is the
same).
Once you enter the appropriate info press the Continue... button.
If you are not the legal owner of the paid module then you should leave the corresponding fields
empty! In that case the paid modules will get unregistered since is the legal and moral thing to do. The
following dialog will appear:
Warning dialog if you are not the legal owner
Why should you prayerfully proceed with honesty in such a situation!
The following message appears if you click on the Why I should be honest in filling in this form? link
on the dialog: it is repeated here for honest contemplation.
Please consider with prayer
The content of the modules listed are the property of the respective copyright
holders. Permission has been granted to theWord to distribute these modules
for a fee and to be used only for private purposes by the payer.
Violating these conditions by distributing these locked modules and/or
providing the means to unlock them is dishonest and a form of theft.
Owning a hard copy of a copyrighted work does NOT entitle a user to have an
illegally distributed electronic form of that work. God commands us in Romans
12:17, to "provide things honest in the sight of all men." It is dishonest to take
the work of another that is protected by an exclusive right to reproduce,
electronically or otherwise, and distribute it without permission.
Further, for those that do steal, they are commanded in Ephesians 4:28, "Let him
that stole steal no more". Illegitimately distributing and using a copyrighted work
is truly the equivalent of stealing from the copyright holder. The profit that the
copyright holder would have gained by the purchase of the work is lost. Please
respect these copyrights. "Thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou
steal?"'
33
Please, remember that by respecting the copyright of the publishers and other contributors you
encourage the continued development and production of such material.
34
Views
General Information
Views in theWord are rectangular areas within the main window that serve a particular function within the
program. For instance, the Bible View functions to display the texts of Bibles, etc. The Views can be
manipulated very easily within theWord.
Available Views
There are five Views used by theWord. Each of them is color-coded to aid in reference. Each View
serves a particular purpose within theWord. See the chart below for the color codes and purposes of the
respective Views.
View
Color Code
Purpose
Bible View
Blue
To view Bibles' texts
Bible Search View
Green
To search Bibles' texts
Book View
Orange
To view non-Bible resources and/or create/edit user modules
Book Search View
Purple
To search all non-Bible resources
Bible Tree
Yellow
To navigate through the Bible text
The easiest way to create a view is from the Window menu. There are also available shortcuts to do so.
The style of the colored caption can be changed from the View Menu (see below). You may even turn off
completely the coloring of the captions, or even the captions themselves.
You can toggle the caption with or CTRL+F6 or by pressing on the button
on the main toolbar.
View Tabs
The Bible and Book Views have tabs or buttons that display an abbreviated name of a Bible or Book. To
view that particular resource, simply click the tab to display that resource. This is the user's bookshelf so
to speak, where all the titles can be seen and selected.
Manipulating Views - Active Views
Views can be created dynamically from the Window menu. You can have more than one views of each
type visible at any time (except for the Bible Tree View).
theWord uses a unique way to indicate which is the Active view at any one time. Unlike other applications
where there is only one active window, theWord has one active window per view type. This means, that if
you have two Bible views open and three Book views, there is always one active Bible view and one active
Book view. The active views are easily discerned because their captions are painted with a more intense
color. Clicking on any view, will cause all other views of the same type to get 'deactivated' (their captions
fade). Most operations in theWord that target a view occur on the currently active view. For example, if
you use the Bible tree view to navigate to a verse, the active Bible view will be used to display the verse
you selected. If you click on a link to display a topic from a commentary, then the active Book view will be
used to display it.
TIP: At any time you want to execute an action whose result will be the display of
some content in a view, you should first click on the desired view that you wish to
35
be used and then perform the required action. Whenever you are in doubt
"which view will be used if i do this", the short answer is "the active one", or "the
one whose title is brighter than the others of the same type".
Try this: open two Bible Search views by clicking twice on menu Window -> New
Bible Search View. Then, go to a Bible view, right click on a word and from the
popup menu select the first option "Find [word]". Notice that the active Search
View will be used to execute the search operation. If you want to make another
search but keep the search results of this search query, just click on the second
Bible Search View and repeat the operation: notice now that the second Bible
Search View will be used. Notice also the titles of the two Bible Search views to
see the difference in the color that indicates which one is the active.
Views can be easily manipulated within theWord. Views are normally docked in some sort of layout,
according to the user's wishes. Views can also be detached from the main window to float. This is done
simply by clicking and dragging the title bar of the View (notice that the titles must be visible to do so,
use CTRL+F6 to toggle the visibility of captions). The View will move where you mouse moves. You can
freely rearrange the views within the main window by dragging it to another place.
TIP: if you hold down the CTRL key while you drag a view, it will not get
automatically docked in the main window (will remain floating). This allows you to
move it freely over the main program window without worrying of it getting
docked to an undesired place.
A View can be resized by holding down the mouse at the edge of it and dragging it (notice the mouse
pointer changes to a double-edge arrow in that case to indicate the you can resize the View). As a view is
resized, all other views in the main window are equally resized to fill in all available space of the main
window.
Views can also be maximized. This is done in two ways:
1. Double-clicking the View's title bar, or
2. Clicking the maximize button at the right side of the View's title bar.
To restore a maximized View, simply double-click the caption bar of the view or click the restore button
(which is at the same place as the maximized button). You cannot maximize a floating view. You cannot
also maximize the Bible Tree View.
Creating new views - inheritance of options
You can create new views either from the Window menu, or by using the available shortcuts. The
following table lists the shortcuts used:
Bible view
Bible Search view
Book view
Book search view
F11
F10
F12
F9
Create a new floating
one
SHIFT+F11
SHIFT+F10
SHIFT+F12
SHIFT+F9
Navigate
CTRL+F11
CTRL+F10
CTRL+F12
CTRL+F9
CTRL+SHIFT+F1
CTRL+SHIFT+F10
CTRL+SHIFT+F12
CTRL+SHIFT+F9
Create a new one
Close view
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1
Each view has a number of options that you can set in order to match your preferences.
There are always 2 ways to create a view:
either with the shortcuts above (or the menu Window), or
by clicking on the New Window button that exists in all view (e.g. for Bible view:
for other views)
, similar icons
Notice that there is a difference in the initial settings of the new view that depends on which way you
created the view:
if you created the view from the menu Window (or the above shortcuts) then the new view will be
initialized with the settings of the last view that you closed. So, if you just closed a Bible view
window were you have customized with specific setting, clicking on F11 will recreate the exact same
view.
If you use the New Window buttons on each view, then the new view will have the same settings as
the view you clicked the button on (e.g. a duplicate of this view will be created). This is important to
understand in order be able to easily duplicate the options of your views.
TIP: To see how options of each view are inherited to newly created views, do
the following: open 2 Bible views and in one of them change the background
color (this can be done from the menu Tools -> Bible view options, Fonts
colors and styles category, Default background color setting). Now, click on
one of these views and press F11 to create a new Bible view: notice that the new
Bible view will have the same background color with the view you clicked on just
before you pressed F11. Close this view (from the X button on the top-right of
it's caption) and now click on the other Bible view and repeat. Notice that the
new Bible view will now have the background color of the second Bible view.
Remember that all settings of the active view are inherited to a newly created
view (for each view type). Moreover, remember that if you close all views of the
same type, the last one you closed will be used as a template the next time you
create a new view of the same type.
You can save and restore the entire set of views by using layouts.
View Menu
Below is the View Menu. You can access it via the button shown.
View Menu
The first option in this menu is obvious.
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The second option allows the user to dock the View to the yellow areas shown. You can use this menu,
instead of dragging a view with your mouse, if you find it difficult to place a view at the exact position you
have in mind. As you hover over this menu, a shaded rectangle will appear on the main window indicating
the place that this view will be docked.
Dock Menu
The Caption Color menu allows the user to change the look of the title bars of the menus according to
predefined schemes and select to show title bar icons for menu, maximize, and close. Try them out to
see which ones you like best.
The final option, Restrict floating windows within screen, forces floating Views to stay within the
monitor screen (in a multi monitor setup, you are still able to drag the floating views to a different
monitor, yet they will always remain within the limits of the monitor).
Arrangement of Views
The different views can be arranged in theWord in the way the following diagram displays:
38
Views Arrangements
The gray thick-border rectangles display the pre-defined areas where views can be placed/docked.
Notice for example that the top and bottom rows extend to the full width of the main window, unlike the
left and right columns that will not extend to the full height, if there are views in the top/bottom rows.
The green thin-border rectangles display possible placement of views, and how they will be arranged in
the pre-defined dock areas.
Bible View
General Information
The Bible View is the most important of the Views because of that which it displays—God's Word. A new
Bible View can be made by simply pressing the shortcut F11. The Bible View has a myriad of options and
customizations. Many of these can be found in the Bible View Menu.
Almost every aspect of the display of the Bible view can be customized and all additional information can
be switched on/off. This allows you to customize very easily how the Bible text is displayed and what other
options are displayed along with the text. For example, you can easily turn on/off the Strong's numbers
by pressing S on your keyboard, or to show/hide the footnotes with the F key.
The caption of the Bible view displays the current verse and translation. The current verse of the active
Bible view is also displayed in the program's button on the windows taskbar (theWord allows you to run
at the same time multiple instance of the program, so this helps to distinguish one from the other).
TIP: To get the most out of theWord, it is also important to understand how
Views are synchronized! Clicking on a word in the Bible view or changing the
active verse may cause other views within theWord to get updated! Read the
View synchronization topic to understand this subject.
Bible reading, default mouse operations and behavior
To start reading the Bible, just click on the Tab/Button on the top of the Bible view to select the translation
you want and use one of the several methods to navigate to the desired book/chapter/verse. You can use
39
your mouse wheel to navigate to the previous/next verse. The active verse is highlighted with a darker
shade of the background color to help you identify the location you are reading (you can change this
behavior of the mouse wheel from the Bible view options dialog -> General behavior category).
If you hover your mouse over a Bible tab, you will get a popup that displays some quick information for
this translation. The tabs that represent the Bible modules usually use small abbreviated titles in order to
make it easier to fit many translations in your views (you can change these abbreviations to more
descriptive ones if you want from the Show/Hide Bible texts dialog).
Clicking on a word in the Bible view cause the current Dictionary entry to change to that word. This
operation will cause all linked Book views to update their content and/or tabs depending on whether they
contain an entry for the word you clicked on. Every time you change the active verse of the active Bible
view, you also cause all linked Book views that contain commentaries to get updated. Read the View
synchronization topic to understand how this works (notice that you need at least one Book view open for
this function to work properly).
Notice that the status bar of the program displays at all time the current dictionary word (Dct) and
current commentary entry (Cmt):
The last rectangle of the status bar displays the current verse along with the current Bible abbreviation:
click on it to copy the verse reference; hold down the CTRL key to exclude the abbreviation.
Bible View context menu
Right-click on any word in the Bible view to get the Bible view context menu. The following popup menu
appear when you right-click on a word in the Bible view (if you right-click on white space, some of these
options will not be available).
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Bible view context menu
Multiple views sub-menu
The options for this menu are as follows:
Find [...]: there may appear one or more items with the Find [...] caption depending on the module you
use and the word you click on. At minimum, one Find [...] item will appear containing the word you rightclicked on, or the current selection (if one exists). By default, theWord uses an advanced word-break
algorithm to determine the boundaries of the word you clicked on, yet for some "exotic" languages, this
algorithm may fail to understand where a word ends (especially in languages that use non-standard
word-breaking symbols). In that case, just select with your mouse the letters that comprise the word
before right-clicking.
There may be extra Find [...] menu items that can appear, depending on the support on the module
level:
if the module contains Strong's numbers, a Find [...] item for the Strong number (if there is more
than one Strong number associated with a word, more items will show up there)
if the module contains Morphology codes, a Find [...] item for the Morphology tag
if the module contains Lemma information, a Find [...] item for the Lemma
Clicking on a Find [...] menu will cause the active Bible search view to locate the word you clicked on. If
you have more than one Bible search views, the active one will be used (if you need to select yourself
which one will be used, just click on it before performing the search to activate it). If you have no Bible
search view, one will be created.
Lookup "..." in: there may appear more than one sub-menus below the Lookup menu, depending on the
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word you clicked on. For each Find [...] menu, a corresponding Lookup "..." in submenu will appear. If
only one Find [...] item appears, then the Lookup "..." in menu will not have 2nd level sub-menus, but
will contain a list of all modules that match the word you clicked on. Please, see the How word lookups
are performed? topic to understand how the list with matched topics is generated. Clicking on a topic of
the Lookup submenu will cause a Book view to display the content of this topic.
Add a cross reference on "..." ...: see Cross-References topic
Copy ...: all copy options allow you to copy one or more verses of the Bible.
TIP: Clicking on the Copy Verses... brings up the Copy Verses dialog. If you
select with your mouse one or more verses before you bring up this dialog (you
can do so with the F5 key also), then the dialog will be initialized with the starting
and ending verse of your selection. This is an easy way to copy fast more than
one verse from the Bible view:
1. select with your mouse more than one verse (no need to be exact with the
selection, just make sure that the first and last verses you want are partly
selected).
2. Press F5
3. Press Enter
Select All...: selects all text in the Bible view
Add [...] to current verse list...: adds the current verse to the current verse list.
Paste [...] to editor: pastes this verse to the selected editor: you need to have at least one Book view
with an editable module for this option to be enabled.
Show [...] in Bible view: this menu appears only if you have more than one Bible views open (the image
above does not show this option). In that case you can select to view this verse in another Bible view.
Bible view options...: displays the Bible view options dialog
Show/hide viewer icons: refers to the vertical toolbar on the left of the Bible view (see below).
Close this view: closes this Bible view. You can press ESC to close any view also.
Bible View Menu
This menu allows you to customize general aspects of the view itself (not the appearance of the Bible text,
which can be customized from the Bible View Options dialog). The Bible View Menu can be accessed in
two different ways
1. Clicking on the Organize icon to the left of the tabs
Organize Icon
2. or, Right-clicking any tab
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Bible View Menu
Set as default allows the user to set the default Bible module. The default Bible module is the module
used to display verse references in tooltips when the user hovers over a hyperlinked verse reference. The
active Bible module (rather than default) can be used by pressing CTRL while hovering over the reference
(this logic can be reversed from the Advanced Tab of the Preferences dialog). The same option can be
set from File->Preferences->Bible texts->Set as default.
In the Title option, the user can change the abbreviation used on the tab for that module in the View (this
can also be changed from File->Preferences->Bible texts).
Info... displays the active module's about box that shows information about the module, the notation
used and copyright information (same dialog can be accessed from the menu Help->Bible Info).
Set tab icon displays the Tab Icon Menu. This menu allows the user to customize the icon beside the
abbreviation for the module in the View. This menu allows the user to place a colored dot beside the
active module, use the flag of the module's language, browse for a custom icon on the computer, or
simply don't use an icon.
Set Tab Icon Menu
Bible View Options... is covered in another topic. Go to Bible View Options.
Show/hide, reorder Bible texts... is the option to customize which Bibles are displayed in the tab bar.
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See this section about this option.
Tab options allow the user to customize the way the tabs display in the tab bar (multiple rows, compare
and list views, icons, etc.) - menu descriptions are self-explanatory.
Actions for icons deals with whether or not the icons next to the tabs are used and auto-assigning flags
to all tabs. Notice that these options will change the icons of all the tabs, so use with care.
Show/hide view icons turns off and on the view icons to the immediate left of the Bible View.
Finally, the Bibles' bar background color changes the color of the entire tab bar background.
Bible viewer icons/toolbar
Bible
view
icons
The Viewer Icons provide a place near the Bible text to help the user navigate through the Bible. From top
to bottom, the functions are:
Go back to history
Go forward to history
Previous book: you can click on the black arrow on the right for a popup menu of all Books
Next book: you can click on the black arrow on the right for a popup menu of all Books
Previous/Next chapter
Previous/Next verses
Zoom in/Zoom out
Verse Target: Select to make this Bible view a target for displaying verse links. If this Bible view is a Verse
Target, then every time you click a verse reference link, this view will display the verse. If no Bible view is
a Verse Target, then the active Bible view is used to display verse links.
You should notice the following:
When a Bible view is set as a Verse Target, then it will not produce synchronization events; no Book
views or Bible views will be synchronized while this option is turned on for this view.
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The Verse Target view will only respond to verse links: not to the Bible Tree, Bible Search View, F4
quick access menu
Holding down the CTRL key causes the same Bible view to be used to display a link, even if a Verse
Target view exists.
TIP: Here is what happens if you click on a verse reference:
If a Verse Target view exists then:
o the Verse Target view is used
o the same (originating Bible view) is used if CTRL is pressed
If a Verse Target view does not exist
o the same (originating Bible view) is used
o another random Bible view is used if CTRL is pressed.
New Bible view: create an exact duplicate of this Bible view
Print: if you select part of the Bible text before pressing the Print button, you can choose to only print the
selection.
Grab-n-drag mode: this mode is specifically designed for touch screens and other devices where
navigation with a tap-device is easier. In that mode you cannot make text selection.
Synchronization between Bible views: see below for details
Bible view options: see relevant topic here
You can hover over the icons to see an explanation of each function. The Viewer Icons can be turned off
and on via CTRL+T or within the context (right-click) menu in the Bible View.
Synchronization between Bible views
This function allows you to synchronize two or more Bible views with each other so when you change the
verse in one of these, the other(s) change also. You need at least two Bible views open for this to work (or
else the corresponding button will appear faded/disabled).
Click on the black arrow on the right of the button and you will see a list of all other Bible views currently
open; as you hover your mouse over the popup menu entries you will notice that the corresponding view
gets shaded to help you identify it: click on the one that you want to synchronize the current one with.
Notice that the synchronization can be either one-way or two-way! The logic here is that the current view
on which you are performing this operation will be synchronized to the one you selected (e.g. the
current view will follow the changes of the one you selected/clicked on).
If you want to have two-way synchronization, then you need to do exactly the same thing on the other
view, selecting as target this one. You can make arbitrary synchronizations between any number of views
like that.
This button also acts as a switch: pressing it will temporarily enable/disable the synchronization of this
Bible view (without affecting the selections that determine for which other views this one is synchronized
with).
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Bookmarks
Overview
Bookmarks provide a simple way to keep verses of Scripture readily available to switch back and forth
between them. The bookmarks toolbar can be toggled via the main menu: View -> Toolbars ->
Bookmarks. Just as any toolbar it can be moved anywhere, be made to float, and positioned horizontally
or vertically.
Explanation
Bookmarks Toolbar
You may have a maximum of ten bookmarked verses.
The
will add the active verse in the Bible View to next number in the index.
The
will add the active verse in the Bible View to the index number that you specify.
The
will delete all bookmarks. You may also delete a bookmark by right-clicking on the
number/button and selecting the appropriate menu option.
The
allows you to view a bookmark of your choice.
If you click on any number at right (1-0), the active Bible View will jump to the verse for that
bookmark.
If you hover over any number at right (1-0), a tool tip will display with the verse reference that this
bookmark refers to.
Using keyboard shortcuts
To define a bookmark press CTRL+SHIFT+<DIGIT>, where digit is between 0 and 9.
To jump to a previously defined bookmark press CTRL+<DIGIT>.
Bible View Options
Sections in this topic
Overview
Fonts colors and Styles
General behavior
Paragraphs and Headings
Strong's numbers
Morphology codes
Footnotes and Cross-References
Commentary Links
Inline commentaries
Word Lookup Dictionaries
Word click options
General Options
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Overview
The Bible View Options in theWord provide a very feature-rich way to view the text of the Bible. There are
many, many options to customize the Bible View to fix your exact taste. The Bible View Options can be
accessed in four ways:
1. CTRL+O (when Bible View is active)
2. Gear icon in the Bible Viewer Icons to the left of the Bible View (for quick access).
3. Main menu, Tools.
4. Right-click within the Bible View and select Bible View Options...
TIP: There is a quick set of Bible View Options at the bottom of the View Icons.
Pressing the small arrow will display a quick list to quickly toggle certain Bible
View Options. Further, each option in that list can be toggled through a oneletter keyboard shortcut (when the Bible View is active). These options will make
much more sense at the end of this section.
Bible View Options Quick List
There are eleven tabs within the Bible View Options.
TIP: Not all Bible View Options will be available for all Bibles. The Bible will only
display the options that the module supports.
Fonts Colors and Styles
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Fonts colors and styles
Within this dialog, the user can customize many display colors and styles for various aspects of the Bible
View.
Default Bible text font is the global setting for all Bible texts. The fonts for Bible texts can be changed
on an individual level via the Show/Hide Bible Texts dialog.
TIP: The default Bible text font that theWord is setup with is Tahoma. This font is
used because it supports many different languages and, in general, has very
good support even in older versions of Windows. Yet, it may not look as
beautiful as other fonts (like Trebuchet MS or Georgia), or even some modern
fonts that Microsoft made for Windows Vista/7 or Microsoft Office (like Segoe
UI or Calibri). You may want to experiment on a font that looks good on your
PC and is comfortable for your eyes.
Reader's background image: From this button you can select an image to use as the Background of the
Bible view. theWord comes with several predefined image backgrounds that can be found in the
Backgrounds sub-directory of theWord installation folder. Clicking the Reader's background image
button allows you to select the image and how you want it to be displayed.
TIP: theWord ships with several ready-to use Background textures. In order to
use them effectively, you will need to combine them with an appropriate
background color of your liking!
You may notice that all the textures appear as gray, but in reality they are semitransparent so you can combine them with any color you want.
Show header and footer is another way to navigate the Bible. When this is selected, a set of links to
navigate to next/previous chapters appears at the top and the bottom of the chapters in the Bible View.
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The keyboard shortcut for this option is Q.
Header and Footer Navigation Links
There are a couple of keyboard shortcuts to mention. For the words of the Lord Jesus, it is J. To display
Old Testament quotes, press O.
The remaining options are self-explanatory. You can customize them to your liking. Some of these
options are dependent on the Bible module's support of them.
General Behavior and Parallel View Options
General Behavior and Parallel View
Most of the options in this section of the Bible View Options are fairly clear. The options in the top
section deal primarily with the navigation of the Bible View, especially with the mouse.
Show user's formatting/highlighting on Bible text refers to the highlighting, underlining, etc. the user
may perform on specific verses. This can also be toggled with the U shortcut.
The bottom section of this dialog gives options for the Bible View when the Compare mode is activated
(pressing the Compare button/tab on the Bible view).
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Show floating header in parallel view toggles the appearance of the Bible's abbreviation at the top of
each row/column for easy reference. See Compare View.
Paragraphs and Headings
Paragraphs and headings
The first section toggles whether the text is displayed one-verse-per-line (with wrapping, obviously), or in
paragraph mode. This option can also be toggled with the shortcut P.
The second section deals with translator's paragraphs, which are paragraph divisions included in
translations. Since all modules don't have paragraph tags included, you can use alternate paragraph
divisions that are found in other installed modules, and apply them to the current module. The Alternate
Paragraphs list displays all installed modules that contain within them information for paragraph divisions
and can be applied to module that don't have.
TIP: if you want to read a Bible text that does not contain within itself information
on paragraph divisions, you can "borrow" the divisions of other installed
modules that have this information. To do so, you just need to select the If the
module does not have paragraphs, then use "Alternate paragraphs" option
above, and select a module from the Alternate Paragraphs list.
The third section has options for chapter headings. This, like paragraphs, are tags included in the Bible
module. These headings, when displayed, give an outline or summary of sorts of the contents of that
section in the Bible. Like, translators paragraphs, if the module does not contain chapter headings of its
own, you can use predefined ones from the Alternate headings drop down box. The color of these
chapter headings can also be customized.
TIP: theWord can use the chapter headings included in Bible modules, or
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separate sets of chapter headings (files ending with .hdgs.twm). By default, a
set of English chapter headings is included in the program and appears on the
Alternate headings list as English headings.
This feature allows you to "borrow" chapter headings and display them even for
Bible modules that do not have this information within. Remember, that using
this function may result in cases where the language of the chapter headings is
different from the language of the Bible text!
TIP: Entries in the Alternate Paragraphs and Alternate headings lists may
appear:
- within [square brackets]: in that case, they refer to a set of paragraph/headings
that exist in an installed Bible module (the name there is the title of the Bible
module they have been taken from).
- without square brackets: in that case, they refer to a set of paragraph/headings
that exist in separate files and are independent of any installed Bible module
(theWord ships with two predefined paragraph sets and one predefined chapter
headings set in English - more may be downloaded and installed separately
from the official site).
Strong's numbers
Strong's numbers
Strong's numbers are the coding systems for every Hebrew and Greek word in the Bible.
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In the first drop-down box, the user can choose which dictionary is used to display the definition for a
Strong's number link in the Bible View. Not all Hebrew/Greek dictionaries support this feature. If the
feature is supported, the name of that dictionary will display in that selection box. Further, instead of
showing a number, the user can make theWord display the actual Hebrew/Greek word or some text of
the user's choice. The size of the Strong's number/text relative to the Bible text and the color can also be
customized. Strong's numbers can be toggled easily with the S shortcut.
The Show no link, just show... option is useful if you don't want to display any extra text in the Bible text
(to avoid clutter) but you just want to display the Strong's number when you hover your mouse over a
word. Notice that special support on the module level is required for this option to work.
The second section is similar to the options of the Strong's numbers. The options are nearly the same,
except when a Greek morphology code is hovered over, the chosen morphological dictionary will display
the entry for that morphology. The shortcut for Greek morphology codes is M.
Morphology codes
Morphology codes
Morphology codes give grammatical information about Greek and Hebrew words in original language
modules (Old and New Testament).
The options are nearly the same, except when a morphology code is hovered over, the chosen
morphological dictionary will display the entry for that morphology. The shortcut for Greek morphology
codes is M.
It is usual for Bible modules that contain morphology tags to be accompanied with specific dictionaries to
lookup the morphology codes. The default dictionary that ships with theWord (RMAC) contains standard
Morphology codes for the Greek New Testament only.
Footnotes and Cross-References
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Footnotes and Cross-references
Like other Bible View Options, the Bible modules support the display for translator's footnotes that occur
in some Bibles. According to the options in the first section, these can display in a variety of places in
reference to the Bible text. The color of these links can also be customized. The shortcut for toggling
footnotes is F.
In the second section, options regarding the displaying of cross-references can be customized. Position
and color are again available to change.
Merge original cross-references when displaying inline as links: this option applies to crossreferences that appear in a Bible module itself (e.g. not for external cross-references that may be
overlayed). When checked, a star (*) will appear in place of the cross-reference(s) instead of the actual
verse reference. This is useful for modules that have many cross-references and their display would cause
a lot of clutter in the reading area.
Cross-references are bi-directional means that when a user adds a cross reference in one place the
target verse will also show the root cross-reference so that the user does not have to cross-reference
both verses each time he adds a new cross-reference. The format of the back-references can be
customized as well. The symbols "%s" (without quotes) refers to the verse reference.
TIP: Notice that when cross-references are visible, some of these are found
within [square brackets] and some are not. The ones in the square brackets are
actually back-references (e.g. the verse they appear is actually the "target" verse
of a cross-reference that appears in another verse). The square brackets help
you differentiate these. You may customize how these appear if you change the
Format of back-referencing cross references field. For example, If you enter in
that field "(%s)", then the back references will appear within round parenthesis. If
you just enter "%s", then nothing special will appear for back-referencing cross
references, yet you will not be able to tell them apart. At any time, you can
choose to turn the back-references off if you find it confusing.
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The cross-reference system in theWord also can display more than one cross-reference set at one time.
These sets can be overlayed to appear as one large group of cross-references. The Organize button
opens the cross-reference dialog to organize and view the cross-reference sets. The keyboard shortcut
for displaying cross-references is X. See the Cross-References topic for more information on this subject.
Commentary Links
Commentary Links Options
When commentary links are active, theWord will display links to the user-selected commentaries near the
Bible text. The links appear as abbreviations of the commentaries' names. When the user hovers over
these links, the entry in the commentary for that verse where the link is found will be displayed in a tool
tip. See the example below. The user can customize the way links are displayed, the color of the links,
and the commentaries to display. The keyboard shortcut for commentary links is L.
Example of Commentary Links
Moving your mouse over a commentary link will display the actual content in a popup window. Clicking on
the link will display the commentary in a Book view.
Inline Commentaries
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Inline Commentaries Options
Inline commentaries are different from commentary links in that the entire entry in a commentary for a
given verse is displayed with the verse, not just links to show tool tips. The commentary entries can be
shown either after or at the right of each verse. See below. There are various options for the display of
the commentary text and the resulting table. Any or all of the commentaries can be selected to display
with the Bible text. The colors are also customizable.
Example of Inline Commentaries (after each verse)
The quick list option for the inline commentaries is a little different than the other quick list selections. In
the quick list, the user can choose whether to display the commentaries' text to the right or under the
Bible text. Accordingly, there are three keyboard shortcuts: C to show below each verse, T to show to the
right of each verse, and N to turn off inline commentaries.
Inline Commentaries Quick List
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TIP: An interesting usage of inline commentaries is that they allow you to
annotate the Bible text with your own personal notes (a function which also
existed in previous version of theWord and was called footnotes). To do so, you
just need to select a user commentary to display inline with the Bible text (e.g.
the default My Verse Notes commentary that is created by the program upon
installation, or any other you can create by yourself from the File->New module
menu). Adding notes for a verse in the Book view to your commentary, will
display them along with the Bible text as soon as you save them (pressing
CTRL+S or just changing to another topic).
Word Lookup Dictionaries
Word Lookup Dictionaries Options
theWord recognizes individual words in the Bible View. The word lookup dictionaries option allow the
user to instantaneously see the definition of any word in the Bible View as given in any installed dictionary
module. When the user mouses over a word, after a given number of milliseconds (the delay can be set
in the General options category of the Bible view options dialog), a tooltip will appear with the dictionary
entry for that word. See below. By default, only the first dictionary's text will appear, unless If more than
one dictionary matches... is selected. In addition, different dictionaries can be used depending on the
current Bible module. First, select the Bible module in the For this module... select box, then check the
dictionaries you want to use for that module. This can be done for every Bible module. The keyboard
shortcut to toggle word lookup dictionaries is D.
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Example of Word Lookup Dictionaries
The if there is a lemma for the word, use it instead... option allows the lookup to be performed on the
lemma of the word, instead of the one being displayed. This is a special option that mostly applies to
original language modules (Greek and Hebrew) that contain the roots of the word within.
TIP: How exactly the lookup is performed?
At times you may hover over a word and get hits from topics you wouldn't
expect (or vice versa). Please, read the section How word lookups are
performed to understand how the actual lookup takes place!
Word click options
Word click/lookup options
Normally, clicking on a word will cause the current dictionary entry to change (and Book views to get
synchronized - read more about View synchronization). The question arises of what happens when you
use a module that contains Strong's indices, Morphology information and Lemmas (and you have
checked the Show no link, just show in a popup... options in the Strong's numbers and Morphology
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codes pages). In that case there are 4 different pieces of information that exist "underneath" a word you
see in the Bible view. This page allows you to define exactly the behavior of the program when you click
on a word in such cases.
Check the options and the order you wish to use when you click on a word. Use the move up and move
down button to change the order.
The Perform the lookup on all checked items (don't stop at the first one) option allows you to
perform more than one lookups by clicking on a word. This is very useful if you have more than one Book
views open, each one with a different module selected. In that case, you can even cause each Book view to
get synchronized to each different part of information that is "contained" in the word you clicked on. The
View synchronization topic provides further information for this.
See also some advanced information here
General options
General options
Select the delay (1 second = 1000 milliseconds) for the popup to appear when you hover over a non-link
word in the Bible view. This applies to:
- word lookup dictionaries
- strong's code, when the Show no link, just show in a popup... option is checked in the Strong's
numbers page
- morphology code, when the Show no link, just show in a popup... option is checked in the
Morphology codes page
Set separate Strong's and Morphology dictionaries dialog
You can access this dialog from the Strong's numbers and Morphology codes page from within the Bible
view options dialog (click on the link at the bottom of these pages):
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Click on a column header to sort the list.
Click on the Strong dictionary or Morphology dictionary columns to select custom dictionaries for a
module. The drop-down that appear contains the following entries:
[Bible view default]: refers to the selected dictionary on the Bible level
[Module default]: if there is an assigned dictionary on the module level (this property exists within
the Bible module itself), then this option will select it
Other entries: this is a list of dictionaries that contain Strong's codes or Morphology codes.
Empty values are identical to [Bible view default].
Show/Hide Bible Texts
Introduction
The Bible View tab bar is the area in the Bible View directly above the Bible text. This tab bar contains all
or a portion of the Bible modules installed on your computer and tabs for the Compare and List Views as
well. The Bible modules that are displayed can be organized and displayed in a variety of ways according
to your preference. This is done via the Show/Hide, reorder Bible Texts Dialog.
Bible View Tab Bar
The Show/Hide, reorder Bible Texts Dialog is found by pressing the Organize icon at the extreme left of
the Bible View tab bar. It can also be found in the Main Menu: File -> Preferences -> Bible texts tab.
Organize Icon
The Dialog
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Show/Hide Bible Texts Dialog
Through this dialog, you have full control over which Bible modules appear in the tab bar in the Bible
View. You are presented with basically a table. All columns in this table are editable, except the
Description column. Clicking on the title of a column will sort the table accordingly.
TIP: All the options in this dialog are global, and apply to all Bible views of the
program. Unlike the option in Bible view options dialog, these options will affect
all Bible views. For example, un-checking the 'Visible' box in this list will make this
Bible module unavailable within the whole program.
The Visible column alters whether that particular module is visible in the Bible View tab bar.
The Title column allows you to change the abbreviation used in the tab bar for that Bible. This can also
be done via the Bible View Menu.
The Font column allows the user to customize which font that particular module uses to display its text.
This is important for all modules, especially for modules that require special fonts. If you have multiple
special fonts for a particular language installed, you can change which font is used for that text. If no font
is selected, theWord will use the default Bible View font as found in the Bible View Options. Usually,
modules that require special fonts are shipped with them and these fonts are automatically selected.
The Size column changes the size of that font, relative to the font size setting in the module itself. This is
very useful in case the font you choose is smaller than the default fonts (this is usually the case for Greek
and Hebrew fonts).
Save order of texts will save the order that the modules appear in this dialog so that they appear in that
same order in the tab bar. Notice that if you don't check this option, then changing the order of the texts
will have no result. This is useful in order to avoid destroying the order of the texts if you just want to click
on a column header to sort the table for easier viewing/editing.
Set as default will set the selected Bible as the default Bible. See Bible View for more information about
the default Bible.
The four icons at the right can change the order of the texts, check all modules, and check no modules,
respectively.
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TIP: At times, it appears that the order of the Bible texts you have chosen here is
not used in the Bible view tab bar. The reason is that there is an option that
brings the most-used Bible tabs in front so they are visible at all times. This
option can be found under the Bible view menu under Tab options->When tabs
in a single row->Move used items in front. You may uncheck this option if you
find this behavior distracting.
User Formatting
Introduction
theWord's user formatting allows you to mark up each of your Bible modules to your liking, just as you
may in your printed Bible. This includes highlighting, underlining, coloring the text, etc. Each Bible
module has its own user formatting. All of these options are easily accessible via the Formatting Toolbar.
Notice that you cannot apply user formatting to more than one verse at a time. If you select with your
mouse more than one verse and click on any formatting button, only the first verse will be highlighted.
Notice also that the formatting you make applies only to the specific Bible text you use.
The Formatting Toolbar
Formatting Toolbar
The Formatting Toolbar actually serves two functions within theWord. First it serves as the toolbar used
to format the user formatting of the Bible View. It also serves to format your text as you make your own
module in the Book View. It changes appearance depending on the use at hand (the picture above
displays the toolbar when you are about to apply formatting to a Bible text).
The formatting toolbar toggle can be found in the Main Menu: View -> Toolbars -> Formatting.
The icons in the toolbar explain each function:
Highlighting - you can highlight any text with a highlight color of your choice. This will alter the
background color of your selected text.
Text color - you can change the text color of selected text to a color of your choice.
Bold and Italic - just the same as in a text editor.
Solid Underline - this will underline the selected text with a solid underline of your color choice.
Dashed Underline - this will underline the selected text with a dashed underline of your color choice.
Dotted Underline - this will underline the selected text with a dotted underline of your color choice.
The palette icon at the far left of the toolbar serves a very important purpose. This will turn the
formatting off and on. This will not delete formatting, only make the formatting invisible. User
formatting can also be toggled in the Bible View Options, Bible View Options Quick List (see here), or by
the shortcut U.
TIP: if you right click on any toolbar in theWord, you will get a popup menu from
where you can quickly toggle the visibility of any toolbar.
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TIP: for the Highlighting, Text Color, and Underlines, you can click on the little
black arrow at the left of the button to see a list of available colors. theWord
automatically saves the last used colors so you can re-apply them and create a
uniform highlighting result.
TIP: Remember that before you apply some formatting, you need to first select
some text in the Bible view (holding down the left mouse-button and dragging
the mouse over the text). If you don't do so, any action you do will just be
ignored, without any visible sign.
Compare View
Introduction
The Compare View is a "sub-view" of the Bible View that allows you to view multiple Bibles at the same
time in a parallel format (hence, also called Parallel View). The Compare View tab is found at the right of
the Bible module tabs in the Bible View tab bar.
There are number of options for the Compare View in the Bible View Options. Please reference Bible
View Options for the options (some of which are redundant) found there.
Compare View Explanation
Compare View can be displayed in two different ways: columns and rows.
Compare View in Columns
Compare View in Rows
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TIP: Each type of Compare View(in rows and in columns) has its own set Bibles
to display. Remember this when you select the Bible modules to view.
By clicking the small arrow to the right of the Compare tab, a small menu will show toggles and further
options for the Compare View.
Compare View Options
Obviously, the first two options toggle which type of Compare View you want to use. They can also be
toggled via the keyboard shortcuts CTRL+H (columns) and CTRL+J (rows). Further, when the Compare
View is activated, these same three options also appear in the Viewer Icons to the left of the Bible View.
Bible Sets
You may create predefined sets of Bibles with a given name and use these sets by clicking on the set
name (e.g. English Bibles, Original Languages, etc).
Selecting Bible Texts for Compare View
The Bible texts selection dialog can be accessed via the Compare View Options Menu. This dialog is used
to select the Bibles you want to view for each type of comparison separately. There is no limit to the
number of Bibles you can compare. The only limit is your screen size.
Compare View Bible Selection Dialog
First of all, notice there is a separate dialog for column and row types of compare view. This is shown
both in the icon (squared in red) and text of the dialog. This can be overridden by the check box at the
top of the dialog. This will use the same options for both column and row Compare View.
You can also reorder, sort, check all, or check none of the Bibles using the icons at the right.
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Once finished making your selections and order your Bibles for the Compare View, you might either press
the check icon at right to save the configuration, or just click outside the dialog to make it disappear.
The Show descriptions checkbox at the bottom toggles the descriptions from the list.
From this dialog you can also define Bible Sets which can be reused for selecting Bibles to display or for
selecting Bibles to search.
Bible Sets
A Bible Set is just a predefined collection of Bibles with a given name. Bible Sets are used in two places:
1. In the Compare View, where you can choose which Bibles you want to display
2. In the Bible Search View, where you can choose which Bibles you want to search.
Bible Sets are common for both these operation and are defined from the same dialog:
This dialog can be accessed from two places:
1. From the Bible View, Compare button -> Select Bible texts for Compare View...
2. From the Bible Search View, Select Bibles to Search link or button (
Search...
) -> Select Bibles to
The definition of Bible Sets is done from the Sets button. There are 3 submenus:
Load saved one: load a previously defined Bible set in the dialog
Save current: saves the current selection of Bibles as a new Bible Set (or overwrites a previous one)
Delete a set: deletes a previously saved Bible Set
TIP: Remember that Bible Sets are global! They are used for both viewing and
searching multiple Bibles.
List View
Introduction
The List View provides you with a central place to maintain verse lists to quickly reference and manipulate.
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The List View maintains any number of separate named lists for you. For instance, you could have a list
for "The Prayers of the Lord Jesus" and another called "The Foolish Man" with verses that reference each.
The List View also supports verse ranges. The List View tab appears in the Bible View Tab Bar to the
immediate right of the Compare View tab.
TIP: The List View allows you to add verses from various installed Bibles in
theWord. By default, the Default Bible is used. You can however add verses
from other versions. This is done by adding the verse from the right-click menu
of the Bible View.
List View
Creating and Editing Verse Lists
To create a new list, press the new list icon at left. From there, you can press the add to verse list icon,
type or select your verse or range. The verses should appear in the list. Once finished adding verses,
you must press save to save your verse list! A list name dialog will appear where you can type the
name of your desired list.
To edit an existing verse list, select the verse list from the drop down box containing all verse lists. Once
opened, you can add verses just as stated in the above. Don't forget to press save.
You can rename your verse list via the rename verse list icon. You will be prompted to change the name
of the list.
Verse lists can be deleted via the delete verse lists icon at left. This will delete the active verse list.
Miscellaneous Options
The Contents icon (also shortcut CTRL+W) will display all of the users saved verse lists.
You can view your verses in 1 column up to 9 columns. This is done through the columns icon. Simply
select the number of columns you desire.
You can copy your verses in four ways:
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Copy selection: copy the selected text
Copy content of list as is: copy the list with references and text
Copy only verse references: copy the list with only references
Copy all (hold CTRL for 'Copy Verses' dialog): use the Copy Verses dialog to customize the way
verses will be copied
Create a copy of this list with a new name...: copy the list as a different list name
Copy Verse List Menu
Other Ways to Add New Verses to a List
There are other ways to intuitively add verses to the current verse list:
Via the context (right-click) menu in the Bible View
Via the context menu in the Bible Search View search results
By drag-n-drop verse lists from the Bible search View or the Bible Tree view.
Via the Clipboard Monitor tool tip box
Via the keyboard shortcut CTRL+L
Via the context menu in the Book view (right-clicking on a link)
Add to Verse List from Bible View
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Add to Verse List from Bible Search View
Add to Verse List from Clipboard Monitor
Right-clicking on a verse in the Book view
Actions for Current Verses in a Verse List
Once a verse or range is in a list, the context menu for that verse provides some helpful actions to
perform from that verse.
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Verse List Context Menu
View Bible text takes you to that verse in the translation you select in the Bible View.
Move changes the order in which the verses appear in the verse list.
Set passage until... changes the range of that entry in the verse list.
Offset passage: moves the entire passage one verse up/down (e.g. Gen 1:2-4 becomes Gen 1:3-5 or
Gen 1:1-3)
Change translation for this verse changes the translation that is displayed for only that verse in the list
Sort the list sorts the verse list canonically or reverse-canonically.
TIP: There are some very useful keyboard-mouse combinations that allow you to
edit verse lists very quickly:
- CTRL+SHIFT+MOUSE WHEEL: this allows you to quickly add/remove continuous
verses from a passage.
- SHIFT+MOUSE WHEEL UP/DOWN: this allows you to quickly move a verse/
passage of the list up/down relative to other verses.
TIP: If you hold down the SHIFT button and you click on a verse link, the view will
automatically jump to the Bible view.
Book View
General Information
The Book View is the view that allows the user to display and edit non-Bible modules. Its color code is
orange. A new Book View can be made by simply pressing the shortcut F12 or from the menu Window > New Book view. The Book View supports commentaries, dictionaries, general books, maps,
devotionals, reading plans, etc.
Book View Options Menu
The Book View options menu contains options to customize the Book View. It can be found in several
places:
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1. The Module Sets button at the left of the tab bar. Choose Options.
Define Module Sets
Button
2. Clicking any module tab and choosing Module Tabs -> Options.
This is the Book view options menu:
Options menu
Available options include:
Reader's background image: allows you to set a background image for the reading area. theWord
comes with several predefined image backgrounds that can be found in the Backgrounds subdirectory of theWord installation folder. Clicking the Reader's background image button allows
you to select the image and how you want it to be displayed.
Reader's background color changes the background color of the area in the Book View that
displays topics content.
Fuzzy matching for topics: read the How word lookups are performed? topic for more
information on this option.
Highlight buttons' background for matching modules adds a yellow highlight to the module
tabs when there is relevant information (See View synchronization for more information on what
this means).
Show 'B', 'C', 'V' buttons in topics selector box: these are the 3 orange buttons that appear in
the topics list selector box (
the ones in the red rectangle). These options
allows you to show or hide these (read below for their function).
Tabs in multiple rows displays the tabs for book modules in more than one row, if desired.
Move used items moves tabs for recently used modules to the far left when in single row mode so
that the modules are readily available when used frequently.
Explanation of Book View
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Book View
There are four main areas on the book view, denoted with the red captions above.
The Tab bar which displays the available modules
The Toolbar that provides direct access to several functions related to the book view
The Topic List (which can be shown or hidden) provides an overall view of the available topics of
the current module
The Topic Content Area is where the content of each topic is being displayed. For user modules,
this is also the editor area where you write your own notes.
The Tab Bar
The tab bar contains all available modules for the view. Each module is represented on the Tab Bar with a
button/tab with the abbreviation of the module. The abbreviations for each module have been selected
to be short and descriptive (usually consisting of the first letters of the titles of the module). You can
change the Abbreviation of the module by right clicking on the button and entering a new Abbreviation in
the popup menu that appears:
. Alternatively, you can do so from the
Module Properties dialog, which you can display from the context menu that appears when you right-click
on a button and selecting the Module Properties... menu option.
Four different colors are used for the text on the buttons that represent the four major module types
(when using dark themes, the colors are adjusted accordingly):
Green color is used for General books and devotionals
Blue color is used for commentaries
Red/Brown color is used for dictionaries and maps
Purple color is used for reading plans
User modules have a small pencil icon on the left ( ) whereas a calendar icon ( ) is used for devotionals .
Notice also that some modules have a colored 'dot' on the right-upper corner (e.g. , , ). These dots
represent whether the module has information that is relevant to the current topic/verse. Read about View
synchronization for more information on what these dots mean.
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The set of modules that are displayed at any time can be customized via the Module Sets dialog. Each
view can be tailored to display either a specified set of modules, or all modules of one or more given
type. This feature, along with the option to create as many Book views as you want and arrange them as
you like, makes the interface of theWord very customizable.
If you hover your mouse over a button you will get a popup window with information about the module
that includes Abbreviation, Title, Author(s), Publish date, File Path, Categories, Description.
On the left area of the Tab Bar there is the Module search input box . You can click in there (or press
SHIFT+F2) in order to search for a module. As you start typing, a list of modules appears whose
abbreviation or title or description or author matches your input. This is the fastest way to locate a
module if you cannot remember it's abbreviation.
If the modules cannot fit on the tab bar, a small button appears on the right
: press it to gain access to
the rest of the modules. Alternatively, you can choose to display the modules in multiple lines (see options
above and specifically the Tabs in multiple rows option).
Book view toolbar
The toolbar can be dragged and positioned on the same row as the Tab bar in order to occupy less
space. Some icons only appear on the toolbar depending on properties of the current module being
used.
The first icon on the toolbar only appears if the current module is a user module. This icon provides
access to editing functions for the current module. Clicking on it, a menu appears that allows you to
insert a new topic, update the subject or delete the current topic. You can delete multiple topics at
once by selecting them with your mouse and the selecting the Delete selected/current topic(s)... menu
item (or pressing SHIFT+CTRL+DEL)
The Back/Forward buttons allow you to move to the previous/next topic. Each book view holds a
separate history of topics displayed. The module, topic and current position in the topic are registered in
the history as you browse different books and topics. The history is reset when the program restarts.
The topic list button toggles the display of the topic tree at the left of the Book View.
The Calendar icon appears only for devotionals that are calendar based. Clicking on it, a calendar
appears that allows you to jump on the reading that corresponds to the selected date:
Notice in the calendar popup, that dates that have a devotional reading appear in bold.
TIP: To quickly jump to today's reading of a devotional, just right click on
the devotionals tab/button and select the Today's Reading menu option.
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The topic input box allows you to input the desired topic to navigate quickly. If
you click in and start typing, you will get a drop-down menu with all the topics that either start with the
letters you type, or contain them within. The list is divided with the - inline matches - entry that appears
within. Clicking on the small arrow on the left provide a popup that is similar to the Topic List (read
below) and is displayed according to the current options set in the Topic List. You can resize the popup
that appears by dragging from the lower-right
corner.
Book/Chapter/Verse buttons: these buttons appear only when the current module is a
Commentary. From left-to-right, they correspond to Book, Chapter, Verse level comments. They allow
you to jump directly to a comment on a different level (if one exists). Each of the 3 buttons is enabled only
if the corresponding comment exists. For example, suppose a commentary has comments for Mark (at
the Book level), Mark 1 (1st chapter of Mark) and Mark 1:1 (first verse of first chapter of Mark). If you are
currently viewing the comments on Mark 1:1, then the Book and Chapter level buttons will allow you to
jump to the corresponding Book and Chapter level comments. Remember that a commentary is
synchronized to a Bible view on the Verse level comments, then on the Chapter level comments, then on
the Book level comments.
The topic navigation arrows will take you either forward to backward one topic at a time.
The print icon allows you to print the content of the current topic.
Create New Book View button duplicates the Book View.
The zoom in/out icons allow you to increase/decrease the font size of the reader. If you rightclick on any of these icons, the zoom level will be reset the default value. You may also zoom in/out by
holding down the CTRL key and scrolling the mouse wheel while over the book view reader.
The grab mode icon allows you to navigate the contents of the topic by clicking and dragging
rather than scrolling.
The sync button allows you to sync the Book View with various Bible Views.
The arrow beside the sync icon give additional options for syncing the Book View. You can choose the
types of modules to sync. Normally, when there are two or more Book Views, if the last option in this
menu is unchecked, the Book View will only sync when it becomes active. When the option is checked, it
will sync even when inactive. Refer to the View synchronization topic to read more.
Book View Sync Menu
The image auto-resize icon appears when the current topic contains images/graphics (there is
also a module level setting on whether the images are allowed to be resized; this setting should be set
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for the current module). This button appears only for non-user modules and for topics that contains
images. Clicking on this button will force the images of the current topic to be resized so they fill the
content area of the book view. Clicking on the black arrow on the right will display the following menu that
allows you to choose the type of 'fit' you want for the images.
This icon allows you to navigate to the next search match within a topic. It is enabled only after you
perform a search using the Book Search View. Every time you click it, the reader scroll to the next match.
Holding down the CTRL key causes the reader to scroll to the previous match.
The more buttons arrow displays are available modules that cannot be displayed for lack of space in
the single row tab bar view.
Topic List
The Topic List displays all topics for the selected module and can be toggled with the
icon. The
Topic List supports drag-and-drop of topics that allow you to re-arrange topics (in user modules) or
copy entire topics from one module to the other (by drag-and-dropping topics from the Topic List of
one book view to a Topic List of another book view). For more information read the topic Copying/
Moving book topics.
The Topic List appears by default at the left area of book view. You can move the Topic List to any
position within the book view (north, east, south, west) by dragging it from it's caption area (click on the
space between the Options button and the X and drag). The Topic List cannot float and you cannot drag
it to another view.
Depending on the type of module you are viewing, the Topic List will display in a flat or hierarchical
mode the topics of the module (see Topic List Options below on how you can customize that).
The nodes in the Topic List, which represent topics, may appear with different formatting (normal, bold,
italic, gray-italic). Each type of formatting denotes some specific properties for the topic. The available
options are:
normal font style: this is a normal topic and there is content available
bold: this is a normal topic with content, but there are also sub-topics available
italic: this is a new topic and there is no content available (empty topic): it may or may not have
sub-topics
gray-italic : this is not a real topic, just a placeholder that is used to group sub-topics. This kind of
node appears mostly in commentaries, when you have selected the Show as tree, replacing
missing nodes or in dictionaries when you have selected the Show as tree, grouping on initials...
If a topic contains sub-topics, then on right part of the topic subject, a number in square brackets in
green color will appear which indicates the number of direct subtopics (e.g. [3], [11], ...).
Read more on how you can use the Topic List to copy/move topics.
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Topic List options
The topic list menu provides you with options to customize how the topic list behaves (the Options
button appears on the top of the Topic List).
Topic List menu
The Show as... selections determine how the tree will display for commentaries. A list will display simply
as the topics one on top of one another. A tree will display the list as child topics of parent topics. For
example, "Genesis -> [All topics in Genesis]". The tree mode allows the books to be collapsed to save
space. The tree replacing missing nodes displays a full parent-child tree, like "Genesis -> Chapter 1 ->
[all topics for chapter 1]".
In case of dictionaries, the menu will display:
: in that case, you can select the number of initial letters
(0-3) to group the topics of the dictionary.
In case of books, these options are not available.
TIP: Unlike all other options, the Show as ... options are saved individually for
each module across all book views. This setting also decides how the topics are
displayed when you click on the small black arrow at the right-end of the topics
input box that resided on the book view toolbar.
Expand and Collapse tree will expand and collapse the topic tree (when enabled) all at once.
Show popup when mouse hovers over a topic displays the entire topic in a tool tip when you hover
over the topic in the topic list.
Auto-expand nodes on click causes the tree to auto-expand when you click on a node that contains
children (sub-topics). At the same time, the previously selected/expanded node collapses.
Context menu of Topic List
The following menu appears when you right-click on a topic with your mouse. The first three options
appear only for user modules and are identical with the options that appear when you click on the
icon on the toolbar.
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The Find "..." options perform a search of the subject of the current topic in the Books or Bibles you have
installed. Please, see the Bible Search View and Book Search View for relevant information.
The Lookup function performs a Lookup on the selected subject. Please, read the How word lookups are
performed topic for more information.
The Topic Content Area
This is the area where the content of each topics appears. For user modules, this is also the actual editor
where you can write your notes or change existing content. Please, see the User Modules section for
more information on how to create and edit user modules.
Read more on User formatting for non-user Book modules.
Module Sets
Overview
Module Sets are sets of modules that are, optionally, saved under a given title. They are used:
as the module tabs of a Book view (e.g. a Book view can be set to display all module belonging to
a particular set)
as a set of modules to be searched from the Book search view.
When potentially hundreds of book modules are installed, module sets make a way to quickly organize
them. For instance, if you wanted to do a word study, you may have a set called "Word Study" which you
could either search as such, or display it in a Book view. In this set, you could have only the pertinent
book modules needed to do a word study. Further, using module sets, you can organize your modules in
any way you like so all of them are available in the divisions that you want them.
A Module Set can be organized in a hierarchical manner (e.g. it may contain 'folders' within, like the
shelves of a Bookshelf).
TIP: the collection of all modules at each moment on any Book view comprises a
Module Set. A Module Set can exist under a name (if you have previously saved
it), or it can only exist for as long as it is displayed in the Book view.
The module sets menu and dialog can be accessed in two ways:
1. Via the Module Sets button
Define Module Sets
Button
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2. Right-click on any module and select Module tabs->Define Module sets.
Define Module Sets Menu
Define Module Sets menu
This menu allows you to quickly change module sets to your liking. This is where (some or all of) your
saved module sets will be found. There are already six pre-made sets: All modules, Dictionaries,
Commentaries, Books, Maps and Graphics, Reading Plans. You can enter the Define Module Sets
dialog via Define module sets...
TIP: You can select which Module Sets appear on this menu. You may have as
many Module Sets defined as you want, yet only choose to display in this menu
the ones you use most often (see below how).
Define Module Sets Dialog
This dialog is used for two different purposes:
in order to select a previously saved module set to display in a Book view
in order to create 'on-the-fly' a module set and display it in a Book view (without saving it)
in order to choose which of the pre-saved Module Sets appear on the Define Module Sets Menu
above.
Remember that this dialog provides in essence the way to select a sub-set of your modules in order to
display them in a Book view. If you choose to save this set under a title (which is optional), then you have
a re-usable set that you can recall at any moment (either to display it in a Book view or to search it in a
Book search view).
Choosing an Existing Set or Selecting Directly
The first tab in the dialog gives options for basic and pre-made module sets. This is the non-advanced
method of customizing module sets.
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Define Modules Sets Dialog (Basic)
The top section of this tab allows you to select which sets are displayed in the Define Module Sets Menu
for quick reference. The checked sets will be available in that menu (you can have as many module sets
as you like, yet you may only select the ones you used most to be displayed in the quick reference menu).
You may also change the order in which these sets are displayed and delete sets that you do not need.
The bottom section of this tab allows you to choose which types of modules you would like displayed in
the Book View tab bar. This section does not allow you to choose which modules are in a set on an
individual level, only on a type level.
First, you choose the types of modules you want displayed by the check boxes on the left, then the order
in which to display them at the right. Once done, you can save this combination as a set by checking the
Save this combination and typing the name of this new set. This set will then appear in the top section
of this dialog and (if checked) in the Define Module Sets Menu.
Creating a Custom Set
The second tab in this dialog allows you to select modules on a individual level and create custom sets.
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Define Module Sets dialog (Advanced)
The left pane contains all available modules installed on your computer, organized in a module type tree
along with several columns with information.
The right pane shows all modules that are either in the active set or that you have placed there to make a
new module set.
TIP: To move modules from the left pane to the right pane, select the modules
on the left and drag them where you want them in the right pane. You may
select multiple modules in both panes by using SHIFT and CTRL also. Further,
you may click and drag modules or nodes in the right pane to rearrange them
to your liking.
The Filter text input box allows you to filter the modules in the left pane by what you type, to find
modules in the midst of many. The filter is applied to all columns, thus allowing better searching of the
modules.
The buttons at right manipulate the modules in the right pane.
The Templates... button sorts the modules in the right pane in various ways. See the menu.
The New folder... button creates a folder in which modules can be placed for organizational purposes in
the Book View tab bar. For instance, if you wanted to have all useful word study resources available in
this set, but separately, you could select these modules and place them in a folder named "Word Study
Books".
The Rename folder... button renames an existing folder.
The Delete button will delete the selected modules in the right pane.
The Clear tree... button deletes all modules in the right pane. This button does not delete modules from
your computer.
Once you have organized your set as you want it, check the Save this set checkbox and type the name of
the set in the input box. The set will now appear in the Define Module Sets Menu.
TIP: You can have as many module sets as you choose. Simply clear the tree
and make a new set. Also, you can place the same modules in different folders.
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TIP: A module set can be defined either as a set of static modules or as a
dynamic set that contains at any moment all those modules of a particular type.
For example, you may create a set that contains all commentaries and name it
'Available Commentaries'. Obviously, this set does not specify which modules are
included within, yet at any moment, when you refer to this set, it will contain all
the available commentaries of your library. Sets of this type are the ones created
from Choose existing set / select directly tab under the "or choose the types
of modules you want in the set" area.
Static sets (e.g. sets that contain the modules you choose at the moment you
create the set) are the ones you create from "Create custom set (advanced)"
tab. In that case, even if you drag-n-drop the whole 'Commentary' node from
the Available modules tree to the Drag from the list... tree, the actual set will
NOT contain any commentaries that you add to the library in the future.
Hyperlinking
Overview
theWord allows all content to be linked to, e.g. create links in modules that point to another topic or
verse. This topic explains how you can create your own links in your user-modules.
theWord's Book View supports user-created and editable modules. One of the helpful features available
while editing a module is the ability to hyperlink text so that tool tips, verse texts, other topics, etc.,
appear when the user hovers over the link; when the link is clicked a view is used to display the content
that this link refers to. theWord supports hyper linking in many different ways.
Once you have an editable module active in the Book View (and you have, optionally, selected the text you
want to hyperlink), you can access the Hyperlink Dialog in several ways:
1. Keyboard shortcut CTRL+K
2. Right-click an area in the content section of the Book View and select Hyperlink
3. The Hyperlink button in the Formatting Toolbar
TIP: It is important to make sure you understand how hyper linking works since
choices you make here may affect the way links will behave if you decide to copy
topics to other modules later or change the module identifier.
Hyperlink Dialog
theWord allows you to hyperlink to just about anything. The dialog below will guide you in hyper linking
properly. More advanced hyper linking is supported, which can be found at theWord's website.
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Hyperlink Dialog
The dialog is divided into three sections, numbered accordingly:
1. Select the type of module that you want to link to. Your choices in this dialog are Bible,
commentary, dictionary, and general book modules. There is also an advanced option and an
option to use the current module (a topic from the current module). Once you select the type of
module, you can select the specific module to which you want link in the drop-down box at right.
For Bible modules, you may select the current Bible module, which will display a verse reference
using the default Bible module (or the active Bible module if CTRL is pressed), or you may select a
specific translation. Note: If the Bible version you link to is not installed on the computer, theWord
will display the verse text with the default Bible module. If the book module is unavailable, the link
will be dead (will not work).
TIP: When making a link to a topic of the same book module (the one you are
currently working), always use the option a topic from the current module.
Most links to Book modules usually refer to another topic of the same
module. In these cases, although selecting the option a topic from the
current module and selecting directly the appropriate module from a list will
have the same result, it’s always preferable to use the first option since a
future change to the module identifier will "break" the links.
2. Once you choose the module to link to, you must select the target. For Bible modules, this is a
verse reference or range. For book modules, this is a specific topic of that module. You can use
the drop-down box to pick your verse or see all available topics for your selected module. If you
start typing in the Target verse/topic box a list will appear with the topics that match as you type.
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In case of book modules you may also select a bookmark from the Bookmark list (see also the Book
view Bookmarks topic on how to define Bookmarks). Selecting a bookmark (if there is one in the
selected topic) will have the following effect for the created hyperlink:
a. If you just hover over the hyperlink so that the content of the topic appears, then the topic will be
scrolled so that the first line on the popup will be the one containing the bookmark.
b. If you click the hyperlink (so the topic appears in a Book View), then the topic will be scrolled so
that the first line in the Book View will contain the bookmark.
c. The Until (passage) list also contains a list of the bookmarks that appear after the bookmark
you defined in the previous step (in the Bookmark list). Select from the list:
i. [Next bookmark] - The popup that will appear will only contain the part of the topic that
appears between the first bookmark and the next bookmark (if any) in the topic.
ii. Selecting any other bookmark - The popup that will appear will only contain the part of the
topic between the two bookmarks.
3. Show content in popup... determines what happens when the user hovers over the link. Text is
the actual text seen in the content of the topic. If you had text selected when you opened this
dialog, this will be filled in already with your selected text. For every option in section one, except
Manually enter the target of the link, the Target section will be filled in already with the target.
This area is non-editable unless you choose the Advanced option in section one. Clicking on the <Default button will replace the Text with the default text (e.g. a standard text that describes the
link).
In the Link colors section at the bottom, you can customize the way the link is displayed in the module.
Normal refers to the link under normal conditions. Active refers to the link when a user hovers over it or
when the cursor is in the link. You can change both the text and background colors of these links. You
can also choose to show these links as underlined or not.
The option Use the topic id instead of the topic in the "Target" means that the target module will be
identified with the Module Identifier instead of the target topics’ subject. This is the preferred way to
create links, since changing the subject of the target topic will break all links that point to it.
If you want to keep the current Link colors options for later use to be used as default, press the Set these
options as default button. This will also make theWord use these colors when auto-detecting verse
references.
Lastly, if you have selected an already existing hyperlink and would like to delete it, press Delete
hyperlink.
See also: Automatic Verse recognition.
Linking to external content (e.g. files, mp3 files, etc)
You can add links to file on your disk by manually entering the path in the Target text box. When you click
on these links, the Windows program associated with this file extension will be launched to display the file.
You may use relative links to define the location of the file you link. The location is always relative to the
directory of the module. This allows you to have all files associated with a module grouped under a
single folder.
For example, if you want to link audio mp3 files, you can just create an mp3 subfolder under the folder
where your module exists and put in there the audio files. You can link then using the following target (e.
g. for an audio file with the name audio1.mp3):
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Linking to multiple verses
You can add a link to multiple verse using the following syntax for the Target:
tw://bible.*?id=b.c.v;b.c.v;...
where b.c.v stands for book.chapter.verse. For example, if you want to add a link to Gen 9:13 and
Gen 9:17 then the target will look like that:
tw://bible.*?id=1.9.13;1.9.17
Automatic Verse Recognition
Overview
theWord supports automatic verse recognition to facilitate hyper linking while editing a book module. If,
while you are typing, you wish to type a Bible verse reference, simply type the reference, even in an
abbreviated form, press ENTER or SPACE and the reference will be automatically hyperlinked to display
the text of the verse upon mouse-over. By default, theWord leaves the Bible module undefined in these
links. This means:
1. The default Bible module will display the verse, OR
2. If CTRL is pressed, the active Bible module will display the verse.
The color of the text will change (depending on the Link colors options in the Hyperlink Dialog) to show it
has been hyperlinked. If theWord recognizes a text that is not a reference, but parses it as one, you can
remove the hyperlink quickly by pressing CTRL+Z.
Although the automatic recognition of typed verses tries to guess the actual verse, it is useful if you use
some standard notation to enter verse references:
1. Use the : (colon) to separate chapter from verses (e.g. Gen 1:2)
2. Use the , (comma) to separate multiple verses (e.g. Gen 1:2, 3)
3. Use the - (hyphen) to define a verse range (e.g. Gen 1:2-3)
4. Use the ; (semi-colon) to separate multiple ranges (e.g. Gen 1:2; 6:2)
Even if you don't use the exact notation above, theWord will try to parse and understand the verse
reference you are typing. For example, typing Gen 1,2 (German notation) will correctly identify it as
Genesis 1:2.
If you right-click on a verse link that has been parsed/detected automatically by theWord, you can select
the Undo automatic verse recognition from the menu to undo the operation. You may also do this if
you save the topic and come back to it later.
Detecting All Verse References in an Existing Topic
To detect all verse references in an existing topic, right-click in the viewer area and select Detect all verse
references... (or CTRL+D)
TIP When you paste content in a topic in a user module, you can hold down the
CTRL key to make the program detect the verse references that may exist in the
pasted fragment.
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Detecting All Verse References in a module (all topics)
From the Module Properties Dialog, Settings/Actions tab, Actions section at the bottom. Select Detect
all verse references...
Advanced mode for commentaries
Normally, theWord will detect only verse references that have a proper book name (e.g. John 3:16).
Unfortunately this excludes the cases where a verse is referred in a text with regards to the current
context using words such as "verse 3, vv 3-4, vs. 5", etc. You can enable an enhanced mode for detecting
these by holding down the CTRL+SHIFT buttons while doing verse detection in a whole topic or module.
This advanced mode is activated in the following cases:
1. When right-clicking on the Book view reader and selecting Detect verse references in selection...
or Detect all verse references in Viewer...
2. From within the Module properties dialog, when executing the Action Detect all verse
references...
Notice that this is still an experimental mode and only works with English abbreviations.
TIP: Normally, theWord will not try to detect verse references in links, except if
the link is a verse reference link that was detected automatically by theWord in a
previous action/iteration.
To alter this behavior and enable the detection of verse references even within
links, hold down the ALT key while the detection occurs. Notice that unlike the
CTRL+SHIFT advanced mode above where you only need to hold these two keys
at the beginning of the detection process, in that case you need to hold down
the ALT key for as long as the whole detection process takes place!
Language used for detecting verse references
By default, theWord will detect verse references in English and in the current interface language (which
you can change from File->Languages). It is not possible to detect verse references for an unsupported
language since there is no way to know the book names of the Bibles in that language. You can also
change this behavior by directly editing the config.ini file and setting there the language(s) you want to
use.
Copying/moving book topics
The Topic List allows you to copy, move or rearrange the topics of a user module by using the usual
Windows drag-n-drop gesture with your mouse. The drag-n-drop gesture consists of the following steps:
1. You select with your mouse one or more topics from the Topic List (to select more than one topics,
either hold down the CTRL key and click on individual topics, or hold down the SHIFT key to select
the first and last topics, or just drag the mouse in the Topic List in the white area in order to select
all topics that will fall within the drag rectangle that appears).
2. You click then on one of the selected topics, without releasing the mouse key
3. While holding down the mouse key you move your mouse over the same Topic List or the Topic
List of another book view.
4. You release your mouse.
While dragging, there are two different modes that set what the result of the operation will be: copy or
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move. You toggle between the two modes by holding releasing the CTRL key. The default operation
depends on several factors like whether you drag-n-drop topics in the same topic to re-arrange, whether
the source module is a user module or not, etc. The cursor changes according to the operation being
performed (standard windows cursors are used for these operations): the copy operation usually displays
a cursor with a plus (+) sign, whereas the move operation does not.
Identifying the 'sensitive' areas of the Topic List - how drag-n-drop works.
The copy/move operation occurs when you release your mouse over a Topic List. As you move your
mouse over the Topic List, some indicators appear in order to show you the exact position that the
dragged nodes will be added. There are three different visual indicators that provide feedback as you
drag verses over a Topic List. The following image displays several snapshots of a drag-n-drop
operations. The screenshots are enhanced in order to help you understand how the operation works.
Several snapshots of a (faked) drag-n-drop operation
In the above image, there are four snapshots of a sample Topic List while performing a drag-n-drop
operation. Please, notice:
In the first image, notice the cursor: it is an arrow and there is a + sign on the lower-right corner:
this indicates a copy operation. The cursors in all other images contain a white rectangle there
instead: this cursor indicates a move operation.
In the first and second image, there is a red rectangle around topic 2-C: this indicates the 'hot'
area for this topic. When you drag-n-drop, if you move the mouse over the 'hot area' of a topic,
then when you release the mouse the dragged topic will be added as children/subtopics of the
'hot' topic. While moving your mouse you will notice that as you pass your mouse over the 'hot'
area of each topic, it gets highlighted.
The third and fourth images show what happens when you move the cursor in the 'white-space'
area of the Topic List. 'White-area' can be found either on the right of a topic or on the left vertical
lane, indicated with the blue rectangle on the fourth image (this is the vertical lane that is just a few
pixels wide and runs through the whole height of the Topic List). When you move the mouse over
this 'White-area' you will see the two horizontal blue indicators (these are the horizontal blue lines
in the third and fourth image: in the third image notice that at the edges of the horizontal indicator
there are two small triangles facing upwards, whereas in the fourth image these two small triangles
face downwards).
In order to understand how the horizontal blue indicators appear/work, try it for yourself: drag one
topic and move your mouse slowly on a vertical direction on the white space of the Topic List. You
will notice that as you move your mouse, there appear these indicator for each single topic. You will
notice also that this indicators do not appear in the middle between two topics, but they appear
near the top and bottom rectangle that the topic node resides: this is exactly how you can decide
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what happens when you perform a drag-n-drop operation. More specifically:
Even if not highlighted, there is also in this case also a 'hot' topic that is associated with the blue
indicators (the topic that the triangles point to, the closest one to the indicator).
When the indicator with the downward-facing triangles appear (as in 4), then the topics you drag
will be added on the same level of the hot topic, exactly before it.
When the indicator with the upward-facing triangles appear (as in 3), then the topics you drag
will be added on the same level of the hot topic, just after it
Operations supported with drag-n-drop
Remember that you can either drag-n-drop a single topic or multiple topics (examples below refer to a
single topic, yet they all apply to multiple topics also). If dragging a node that contains sub-topics, then
the operation is performed for the whole sub-tree. To perform the following operation you will need at
least two book views (for the operations that required two different Topic Lists).
You can use drag-n-drop to perform the following operations:
Rearrange topics of existing user module (book or dictionary): use drag-n-drop in a single Topic
List. The default action in that case is move. This operation cannot be performed on commentaries
(since there can only be a single comment for a given verse or verse-range).
Create copies of a topic within the same user module (book or dictionary): just drag-n-drop in a
single Topic List but hold down the CTRL key: when you release your mouse, a copy of the topic will
be created. This operation cannot be performed on commentaries (since there can only be a single
comment for a given verse or verse-range).
Copy topics from one module to another: use drag-n-drop from the Topic List of one book view to
the other Topic List of the second book view. The default operation in that case is copy. To perform
a move operation (e.g. remove the topics from the source module), hold down the CTRL key.
Notice that it is allowed to copy content between different types of modules. In that case, theWord
tries to determine the best way to map topics from one system to the other:
If copying from a multi-level topic (e.g. copy a topic that has sub-topics from a General Book) to
a dictionary (that allows by definition only single level hierarchies), then the sub-topics are
'flattened' (e.g. demoted to the level of the parent topic)
If copying from a commentary to a non-commentary, then the topics are converted to text, using
the standard verse references
if copying from a non-commentary to a commentary, then the topics are parsed in order to
understand the verse references and apply them properly to the commentary.
Notice that:
You cannot reorder topics in a commentary: commentaries are always sorted on the book of the
Bibles
If you try to copy a topic from a non-commentary to a commentary, and the topic is not a verse
reference, then the copy will fail and a message will appear notifying you of the situation.
You cannot move topics from a non-user modules (because the move operation deletes the source
topics and, by definition, non-user modules cannot be changed).
You are not allowed to copy topics from encrypted modules.
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TIP: You can create quickly a copy of a module (or part of a module) by creating
a new user module of the same type of the source module, opening two book
views (one with the source module, one with the new one), selecting all the topics
from the source module (click on the first one, then scroll to the end, hold down
the SHIFT key and click on the last one) and dragging the topics to the new/
empty module.
Non-user modules formatting
Overview
In case a non-user module is being displayed in the Book view, the formatting toolbar has less options
and is as follows:
Book view formatting toolbar for non-user modules
The functions of the buttons are self-explanatory.
By definition, you cannot change the content of a non-user module. The formatting options above can be
used to annotate/highlight the non-user module without changing the actual content.
Since the actual content of a non-user module is not really changed, theWord gives you the option to
restore the original content of a topic of a non-user module that you have applied formatting. To do so,
just right click on the reader area, and from the popup menu select the option Remove user
formatting...
Remove formatting
Notice that this option will appear only if you have applied some formatting/highlighting to the current
topic of a non-user module.
Removing all user formatting from a module
You can remove the user formatting from all topics of a module from the Module Properties dialog,
Settings/Actions tab, Actions group, Delete all user formatting from non-user module... action
(select and press Execute selected action...)
Making user formatting permanent
There is an action that allows you to make the formatting you have applied to a non-user module
permanent. If you do this you are actually over-writing the content of the non-user module with the
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formatted one. This can only be execute on non-encrypted modules. You can perform this action from
the Module Properties dialog, Settings/Actions tab, Actions group, Make permanent all user
formatting from non-user module... action (select and press Execute selected action...). Be careful
since you cannot undo this.
Changing the user status of a non-user module with formatting
A special case is presented if you try to change a non-user module on which you have applied formatting
to a user module. In that case you need to decide if you want to keep the formatted or non-formatted
content. By default, performing this action will use the formatting content and the original will be lost. If
this is not what you want to do, you will need to remove first all user formatting by following the
instructions in the above section.
Module updates and user formatting
When you apply formatting to a non-user module, theWord actually makes a copy of the whole topic and
saves this along with the original content. The changed/copied topic (with the formatting) is stored within
the same file as the original module. This means that if you overwrite this file (e.g. by installing a
newer version of a module), all user formatting will be lost.
This is a deficiency that will be addressed in a future version. Normally, theWord should store the
formatted content separately (in the Personal file folder) so it is not overwritten when upgrading a
module. Moreover, because at the moment the changes are stored in the module itself, and because the
actual modules are shared by all users of the computer, any formatting of a non-user module also
appears to other users of the computer that possibly use theWord (this is the only case that this happens
since normally every user has it's personalized settings, files, etc).
Book view Bookmarks
Overview
Bookmarks can be added to arbitrary positions in the content of any non-user module.
To add a bookmark, place your cursor in the Book view editor at the location you want and press CTRL+R
or right-click and select Insert bookmark... from the popup menu.
Bookmarks
The name of the bookmarks is the one used to refer to it. The Subject is not used at the moment. A
default name for the bookmark is automatically set when you display the dialog (bkm1, bkm2, ...). Just
click insert to complete it.
Bookmarks are indicated in the text with a small gray dot (see red rectangle below).
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Bookmark
indicator
To edit an existing bookmark, just place the cursor just before the letter it appears and press CTRL+R or
right-click and select Edit bookmark... from the popup menu (you will notice that the menu item changes
from Insert to Edit). To delete it just press the Delete button.
Seeing all bookmarks defined in a topic
To see all defined bookmarks in a topic, display the Bookmarks dialog and click on the All bookmarks
tab:
Display all bookmarks
To jump to a bookmark double click on it with the mouse, or select it (single click) and click Goto.... From
this dialog you can also delete some (selected) or all bookmarks of a topic.
How are bookmarks useful for popups and footnotes
The usefulness of bookmarks comes from the ability to define Hyperlinks and use them as anchor points.
This allows you, for example, to:
Use them to define footnotes on the topic level
Use them to force parts of a topic to appear in a popup when the user hovers his mouse over a
link.
Create links that drive you to a specific point you in a topic
Please, read the Hyper linking topic for details.
RTF footnotes/endnotes
Overview
theWord supports RTF footnotes/endnotes in the editor.
Although you cannot create footnotes/endnotes directly from within theWord, you can create them in
another editor (e.g. MS Word) and copy/paste in the Book view editor. In that case, the footnotes/
endnotes will appear when you hover your mouse over the numeric indicators in the text. If you print a
topic, the footnotes/endnotes are printed at the bottom of the page.
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Bible Search View
Overview
The Bible Search View is the central location to perform both basic and advanced searches of any Bible
text.
To quickly perform a search on a Bible just:
press F3
enter the word(s) you want to search for
press ENTER
Like every other view, this View can be docked or floating according to your preference. The color code
for the View is green. A new Bible Search View can be made by simply pressing the shortcut F10. The
Bible Search View is divided into three tabs: Fast tab, Detailed tab, and Options tab. The following gives a
general information about using the View.
Bible Search View
When either of the Fast and Detailed tabs are selected at the bottom of the View, the search term input
box and green Go button (red square 1 above) is available. The search term input box is where you
enter your search term to search the Bible. The green arrow begins the search. By default, the active Bible
module is searched if you simply input a search term and press the arrow. You can select which Bible(s)
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you want to search by clicking on the arrow button (
) at the left of the input box.
For quick reference, you can place the cursor in this text box by pressing the keyboard shortcut F3.
TIP: When you hover your mouse over a verse reference, a popup with the verse
text appears. If you don't want the popup to appear, you can move the mouse
on the right or left area of the verse. The popup only appears when your mouse
is above the actual text!
Selecting the Bible(s) to search
theWord can either search one or multiple Bibles at once. Clicking on the arrow button ( ) at the left of
the input box, the following menu appears that allows you to select which Bible(s) you want to search:
The available options are:
Current Bible: the current Bible of the active Bible view will be searched. If you have enabled the Is this
what you are looking for? panel at the bottom, you will see which is the Bible that you are about to
search.
Default Bible: this is the default Bible of theWord.
This Bible: a sub-menu with all available Bible modules will appear that allows you to select any single
Bible to search.
Select the Bibles to search...:
All Bibles: This option brings up a dialog that allows you to select more than one Bibles to search. This is
the same dialog used in the Compare View -> Bible Sets.
Previously saved set: a sub-menu with any previously saved Bible Sets is displayed that allows you to
select a set of Bibles to search. See the Bible Sets topic on how to setup the sets.
"Is This What You Are Looking For?" panel
This panel appears at the bottom of the Search view (you can turn if off from Options tab). This area
displays how exactly theWord understands the search terms you type. This provides a very useful
feedback so that you know that what you have in mind is actually what theWord understands. For
example, if you enter Jesus Christ in the input box, there are at least two different things that you may
mean:
1. "I want all verses that contain the word Jesus and the word Christ"
2. "I want all verses that contain either of the words Jesus or Christ."
Of course, if you check the Detailed tab you will see that there is an option of how theWord should
understand this by default, yet this panel makes this information available immediately as you type. Since
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the input query can be much more complex, this panel will help you make sure that what you mean to
search is actually what theWord searches for. Moreover, if you enter the terms incorrectly, you can see
the problem in this area.
The text that appears in this panel depends also on the Ignore case and diacritics option (can be found
on the Detailed tab). If this option is checked then the displayed text will be in lower case without any
accents or diacritics: this gives you an idea of how theWord will perform the actual search.
Finally, notice that this panel show in red the module that will be searched (notice the "Search KJV for:" in
the screenshots above).
Fast Tab
Overview
The Fast tab in the Bible Search View is the quickest way to do a search in theWord. This tab is the tab
that shows the search results of your query. If you are in another tab and perform a search, the View
automatically switches to the Fast tab to display the results.
Search Results
Additionally, you may place the mouse over any search result reference and a tool tip with the entire
verse text will be displayed. This makes it very easy to sort through search results quickly. Also, clicking
on a reference will cause the Bible View to jump to that verse.
The search results are organized in a kind of table or chart. At the left is the verse reference, grouped
below each Bible that was searched. The following features are available:
The Count column gives the number of matches for each book, and the percentage of all the
matches that this particular book has.
The Graph provides a visual for the percentage information.
Clicking on a column will sort the results accordingly.
Hover your mouse over a line that represents a book to get short match statistics
Multi selection is allowed on nodes of the same level (e.g. you can select either multiple books or
multiple verses or multiple translations): right clicking on selected node(s) provides access to a set
of features (copying verses, moving to list, etc)
Explanation of the Fast Tab
Just below the search input box are several icons for use in the Fast tab. The first is the History
icon. When pressed, this icon shows the most recent searches made. It not only remembers the search
terms, but also the translation searched. So, pressing a history entry will automatically perform the exact
same search as was previously performed for that entry. The number of entries for the history can be
changed in the Options tab.
Next is the Expand icon. This icon will expand all nodes of the search results. Normally search
results are displayed in a tree view in which the nodes are collapsed. With this pressed, all the nodes are
expanded so all verse reference results can be seen.
The Text icon is next in the bar. This icon simply causes the verse text to appear to the right of the
results.
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Search Results
The Options icon provides several options, including zooming to make the text in the View larger,
duplicating the View, clearing search results, and the Virtual Keyboard. You can find more information
about the Virtual Keyboard in the Detailed tab.
Right-click context menu
The following menu appears when you right-click on one or more selected nodes:
Bible Search View context menu
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The following commands are available:
Select all: selects all nodes on the tree: if the currently selected node is a book node, then all book
nodes will be selected. If the currently selected node is a verse node, then all verse nodes will be
selected (same for translation nodes).
Copy all [n] verses from book of [xxx] appears when right-clicking on a book node and allows
you to copy all matched verses of a single book
Copy all [n] from the [n] selected books appears when you have selected multiple nodes (the
numbers in square brackets indicate the total number of verses that will be copied, according to
your selection)
Add all [n] verse(s) from book of [xxx] to list and Add all [n] verse(s) from the [y] selected
books to list work in a similar way as the above mentioned Copy all ... commands, except that
they transfer the verses to the active verse list.
Paste all [n] verse(s) from book of [xxx] to editor and Paste all [n] verses from the [n]
selected books to editor work in a similar way as the above mentioned Copy all ... commands,
except that they transfer the verses to the selected Book view editor (at least one Book view with a
user module is necessary, else these commands are disabled).
Clear clears the results
Close this view closes the current Bible search view (you can also press ESC to close this, or any
other view).
TIP: The format of the copied verses (e.g. whether a book name is included,
chapter number, etc) depends on the settings of the Copy Verses dialog.
Actually, the last options you have used in this dialog are used when copying
verses from here. So, if you need a particular format (e.g. chapter:verse after
the text), go the Copy Verses dialog, select it and click on Copy and Close. From
then on, the format of the verses copied here will match it.
An alternative is to hold down the CTRL key while you perform the copy: in that
case the Copy Verses dialog will open and you will be able to select a custom
format.
Detailed Tab
Overview
The Detailed tab is where you will find tools to perform detailed or advanced searches. This is the place
to customize the way theWord searches the Bible. Here you can select ranges to search, add search
operators, and change various options for the search.
The two basic type of searches are Boolean and Regular Expression (see the Search Syntax topic for
details) searches. Boolean searches are the default and the ones you will use most.
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Bible Search View (detailed tab)
Search Options
(it would be good to read about the Search Syntax supported by theWord to better understand the following
options)
Below the search operators bar are the detailed options for the search.
1. Boolean - allows you to search using the default AND or OR operators. There are also options for
the NEAR operator. You can also use the * and ? operators in your queries which stand for zero or
more characters (*), and zero or one character (?).
a. If default "OR" is selected, when two (or more) search terms are entered with a space between,
by default theWord will consider the terms to have the OR operator between them. For
example, Jesus Christ will be considered Jesus OR Christ and will match the occurrences of
either "Jesus" or "Christ" in a verse.
b. If default "AND" is selected, when two (or more) search terms are entered with a space
between, by default theWord will consider the terms to have the AND operator between them.
For example, Jesus Christ will be considered Jesus AND Christ and will match the occurrences
of "Jesus" and "Christ" together in a verse.
c. The Near operator breaks on selection allows you to customize where theWord will break the
search when the NEARw/NEARv operators are used. When this is selected, the search will find
occurrences of terms that span either across chapters or books, depending on your selection.
d. Whole words only will match only entire words, not partial words. By default theWord will
match both whole and parts of words in the search. When this is selected, it will match only
whole words. For example, if you searched for believe, with this option Unchecked, theWord
would find "believe", "believeth", "believest", etc. With this option checked, theWord would find
only "believe".
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2. Regular Expressions - theWord supports full regular expressions in searches. With this option
selected instead of Boolean, you can use regular expression syntax to match the terms you are
looking for.
3. Ignore case and diacritics - With this checked, theWord will ignore diacritical markings and
capitalizations. For example, if you searched for jonah, with this option checked, the search would
match "jonah", "Jonah", and "JONAH", etc. With this option on, accents and diacritic marks (even
combining diacritics) will be ignored when searching. This option allows one to easily search Greek
and Hebrew texts without using accents, which can be confusing at times.
Virtual Keyboard
Virtual Keyboard Dialog
To the right of the search operators is the Virtual Keyboard icon. This icon will bring up the dialog that
allows you to type into the search input box using the mouse instead of the keyboard. This is useful
especially for languages in which the search input box has trouble rendering text. You simply click the
letters you want to search, including spaces, and perform your search from there.
Search Ranges
theWord allows you to restrict your search in specifics parts of the Bible, called Search Range. A Search
Range is any number of continuous passages from the Bible.
theWord has many pre-defined search ranges for searching the Bible. Clicking the drop-down list will
show those available. When you select a range, theWord will only seek to match your search terms within
that range of books.
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Select verse range drop down
The ranges in black color are predefined. The ranges at the end in blue color are custom ranges that
have you have saved. The last entry in blue color in bold is the last custom range you selected (and did
not save).
You can create custom ranges to suit your needs from the Define Custom Range dialog. Click the
(define custom range) link (the one in the red rectangle in the first image of this topic) to display the
Define Custom Range dialog.
Define Custom Ranges dialog
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In this dialog you can define literally a range between any two verses. In the left pane, simply type the
range(s) you want to make according to the instructions below the pane. The right pane shows the range
that theWord is guessing that you mean. To type more than one ranges press the enter key or use the
colon ; as separator. Obviously you can add as many different verse passages as you want.
Once finished, check the Save this range as: checkbox, enter a name for the range, and press the OK
button. The custom range will now appear in blue in the drop-down box in the detailed tab of the View. It
is not necessary to save a range, unless you want to re-use it. If you don't save it, the range will be added
as the last range (the one with the blue color in bold in the drop down box above).
You can also delete a previously saved custom range by pressing the Delete a previously saved range...
button and selecting the range you want to delete.
Options Tab
Overview
The Options tab of the Bible Search View allows you to customize the way that the Bible Search View
behaves.
Bible Search View Options tab
Auto expand/collapse tree nodes on results will expand all nodes when you click a top-level node, such
as the node for a book.
Show verses as tool tips on results tree will make a tool tip appear when the mouse is hovered over the
search results' verse references.
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No tool tips in results if verse text is visible will make a tool tip not appear if the verse's text is already
visible with the Show verse text next to the verse reference option is selected in the Fast tab.
Short book names in results will abbreviate the Bible book names.
Copy all verses from ranges, not only the first one will copy all results to the clipboard from a range
when the NEAR operator is used. For instance, if using the NEARv operator, you have a result that says
"Mark 10:4-7". With this options selected, when you copy this result to the clipboard, the entire range will
be copied, not just the first verse of the range (default).
Synchronize verses' text and tool tips with Bible View will cause both the tool tips and the verse text in
the results list (if displayed) to show the active translation, not the default translation.
Jump to Searched Bible when clicking on a verse will cause the Bible View to jump to the verse in the
translation that you searched when you click on a result. With this uncheck, the Bible View will jump to
the verse, but in the active translation.
Show the 'Is this what you are looking for?' box will toggle the display of this area in the Detailed and
Fast tabs. See Detailed tab. This panel is automatically hidden when you search (and it's not needed).
The Keep it visible all the time option will make sure that the panel is always there.
Always auto resize font of search input box will cause the font size of the input box to be larger. If you
uncheck this option, the font size will only grow when you search Greek and Hebrew and use nonstandard fonts.
Default range allows you to change the default number of adjacent verses/words to search when using
the NEARv or NEARw operators respectively.
"NEAR" operator applies by default to: determines the default NEAR operators used (either NEARv or
NEARw) when simply "NEAR" is used in the search. See the "Is this what you are looking for?" area to be
sure.
Search History Options
Separate history for this window will cause the current Bible Search View to save its own history,
separate from other Bible Search Views.
Delete history on exit will delete the search history when you exit theWord.
Maximum history items determines the number of history items that are available in the history.
Minimum is 3; maximum is 99.
Search syntax
Overview
theWord supports two different types of searches: Boolean search and Regular expression searches.
Read below the syntax for each one. The full documentation of the Regular Expression Syntax is also
included.
The default search type is Boolean search, and is the easier to use as is closer to the natural way one
thinks. Yet the regular expression searches can provide some advanced features that would be
unavailable otherwise.
TIP: You need to be aware that different Bible modules may use a different
character for the apostrophe. This means that searching for the "Lord's" may
not find what you expect in some Bibles.
Boolean searches
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Boolean searches are performed by combining one or more words with operators and parenthesis.
Search operators are one of the important keys to performing advanced searches. By inserting these
operators, you can vastly improve your search capabilities. Operators can be combined with one another
and their respective search terms in many ways. See below for explanations for all the operators:
Search Operators
In Boolean searches, entering a simple word will find all verses containing that word. You may use
the * and ? meta-characters also. Words that start with G or H and are followed by a number, are
considered Strong indices.
Examples: (WWO stands for Whole Words Only option):
Example 1: under (WWO on) will match those verses in which the word under appears.
Example 2: under (WWO off) will match those verses in which the word under, understand,
understanding appears.
Example 3: use (WWO off) will match those verses in which the word use, cause, because, caused,
Methuselah, household, etc appears
Example 4: use* (WWO on) will match those verses in which the word use, used, useth, usest, etc
appears. Notice the * at the end, with the combination of the WWO on option that causes
matches of words that only start with use
Example 5: ?use will match the word muse
Example 6: ??use will match the words cause, house, rouse, abuse, cruse, mouse, etc
Example 7: G123 will match any verse where the Strong number G123 appears.
AND - matches the words both to the right and left of the operator. The ampersand (&) can also
be used instead of this operator.
Example: Jesus AND Christ will match those verses in which both Jesus and Christ occur.
OR - matches at least one of the words to the right and left of the operator. The pipe (|) can also
be used instead of this operator.
Example: Jesus OR Christ will match those verses in which Jesus or Christ occurs.
NOT - negates the word following it. The tilde (~) can also be used instead of this operator.
Example: NOT devil will match those verses which do not contain devil.
NEARv - matches the search terms to the left and right of the operator that occur within a specific
number of adjacent verses. The default number of adjacent verses is 3. This can be changed in the
Options tab. You can also change the number of adjacent verses for a single search by adding the
number of adjacent verses after the v. See example 2 below. The number sign (#) can also be used
instead of this operator (e.g. #8).
Example 1: Jesus NEARv Christ will match occurrences of Jesus and Christ within 3 verses
(default) of one another.
Example 2: Jesus NEARv8 Christ will match occurrences of Jesus and Christ within 8 verses of on
another.
NEARw - matches the search terms to the left and right of the operator that occur within a specific
number of consecutive words. The default number of adjacent words is 30. This can be changed in
the Options tab. You can also change the number of adjacent words for a single search by adding
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the number of adjacent verses after the v. See example 2 below. The at sign (@) can also be used
instead of this operator (e.g. @8).
Example 1: Jesus NEARw Christ will match occurrences of Jesus and Christ within 30 consecutive
words (default).
Example 2: Jesus NEARw8 Christ will match occurrences of Jesus and Christ within 8 consecutive
words.
XOR - matches those verses that contain exactly one of the search terms (and not the other) to the
left or right of the operator. The caret (^) can also be used instead of this operator.
Example: Jesus XOR Christ will match those verse that contain Jesus but not Christ or Christ but
not Jesus.
TR - used to perform searches on Strong's Numbers and their translations. To the left of the
operator should be a Strong's Number (H2345, G354) or any other valid expression, and to the
right should be an expression to search to see if the given Strong's Number is translated as such.
"TR" means "translated" and this is how this operator functions. It can also be combined with other
operators to perform different functions. See examples. The greater-than sign (>) can also be
used instead of this operator.
To better understand how this operator works consider the following case: In the KJV, in Gen. 1:6 we
find the phrase Let there be a firmament which is mapped to Strong number H7549. Suppose that
we have the expression expr1 TR epxr2 to evaluate. The expr1 will be evaluated again the H7549
(as simple text), and then expr2 will be evaluated against the Let there be a firmament text. In
order for the whole expression to be true, both expr1 and expr2 must be true. So, H7549 TR
firmament will match, H7549 TR (let AND be) will match, H7549 TR firm* will match. Remember
that the TR operator is evaluated in reality for each combination of Strong number <-> Word/
Phrase for each verse (this is why such searches can be slower).
Moreover, the right operand/expression of the TR operator can be a morphology expression (m/).
In that case, the m/ operator is evaluated against the associated parsing and lemma information of
the word associated with the Strong number (this is available in modules where both Strong
numbers and Morphology parsing are available); (See below how the m/ operator is used):
Example 1: G2962 TR master will match those verses in which the Greek word κ ριος is
translated as master (example from KJV module).
Example 2: G2962 TR NOT lord will match those verses in which the Greek word κ ριος is not
translated as lord (example from KJV module).
Example 3: NOT G2962 TR lord* will match those verses where the word lord exists in a verse
but G2962 is not used for its translation (example from KJV module)
Example 4: G1096 TR m/V*3S will match those verse where the G1096 Strong number (the word
γινοµαι) appears in the 3rd person Singular (any tense) (example from TR module)
Example 5: G1096 TR m/V-???-[23]P will match those verse where the G1096 Strong number (the
word γινοµαι) appears in the 2nd or 3rd person Plural (any tense) (example from TR module)
m/ - used to perform searches on morphology data (grammar) and lemmas (roots) of original
language texts. Morphology data are coded with English letters (e.g. V-AAI-4SS, @ncmsa) where
each one letter represents a grammatical part of the structure of the word (e.g. v is usually used for
verb, n for noun etc). Not all modules that contain such information use the same notation (The
RMAC module contains the analysis of these tags as they are found in the original Greek texts such
as TR, WHNU, Byz, Tischendorf). The general form of the search pattern for this operator is "m/
[email protected]" (@ can be replaced with % for Aramaic words: when omitted, @ is assumed). The
lemma may also be omitted (the lemma information is not present in all modules: if absent, lemma
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search tags are also ignored). The * and ? operators can be used for any number of chars and
single char. Also, square brackets can be used for a character class (e.g. [mf] means either m or f
for a specific character position). Morphological searches are basically string matching searches on
the lemma and morphology tag. Searches on the morphology tags are case sensitive if this is
defined in the module (irrespective of the Ignore case setting). The m/ tag may also be used as the
right operand of the TR operator in order to combine Strong's numbers and morphology
characteristics (see above).
Examples from the Greek NT (TR - Textus Receptus, WHNU, etc)
Example 1: m/N-NSF finds all Nouns in Nominative Singular Feminine form (run the example in
the TR or WHNU module)
Example 2: m/N-* finds all Nouns
Example 3: m/V-???-3? finds all Verbs in 3rd person
Example 4: m/V-A??-?S finds all Verbs in Aorist in Singular (any person)
Example 5: m/γεννάω@* finds all verbs whose lemma is γεννάω - notice that the module MUST
contain the lemmas
Example 6: m/γεννάω@?-???-3P finds all verbs whose lemma is γεννάω and appear in the 3rd p
lural
Example 7: m/γ*@N* finds all words whose lemma starts from γ and are nouns
Example 8: G1080 TR m/V-???-3P finds all words(verbs) with G1080 Strong's number that are v
erbs in the 3rd plural
Example 9: G80 TR m/N-D?? finds all words(nouns) with G80 Strong's number that are in Dative
case
Examples from the Hebrew OT (Westminster Hebrew Morphology module)
Example 1: m/@v* finds all verbs of Hebrew origin (notice the @)
Example 2: m/v??3*+Rq finds all 3rd person verbs, Qere readings only, Hebrew or Aramaic
(notice no @ or %, so both included)
Example 3: m/%*+Nq finds all Aramaic lemmas (notice the %) with the Note q (different Ketiv/
Qere relative to BHS).
Example 4: m/n*s*+* finds all singular nouns
Example 5: m/‫ *@ברא‬finds all word forms whose lemma is ‫ברא‬
Example 6: m/‫[@*ב‬na]* finds any Hebrew noun or adjective starting with the letter ‫ב‬
( ) - used to group sub-expressions and assign priorities to the operators. By default, all operators
are evaluated left to right. Using parenthesis can change that order
Example 1: (Jesus AND Christ) OR (Peter AND Paul) matches the verses that contain both Jesus
and Christ or both Peter and Paul.
" " - used to search an exact phrase.
Example: "Jesus Christ is Lord" matches the exact phrase. If you omitted the double-quotes,
depending on your selected default boolean search operator (see below), it would be treated as
Jesus AND Christ AND is AND Lord or Jesus OR Christ OR is OR Lord.
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TIP: If you want to search for the literal text of any of the search operators, you
need to prepend the operator with a backslash \. For example, if you want to
find the verses that contain the word AND in it, you need to write \AND in the
input box.
Regular expression searches
The term Regular Expression refers to a specific syntax that is used to express text queries. Although it
can be quite complex, the basics are essentially relatively simple. The Regular Expression syntax is very
powerful and allows for very specific searches if ones knows how to use. You may read the complete
Regular Expression Syntax.
TIP: Ignoring diacritics will not work on regular expression searches. So if you
have the Ignore case and diacritics option checked, only the case of the letters
will be ignored.
Quick explanation
A regular expression is a pattern that is matched against a subject string from left to right. Most
characters stand for themselves in a pattern, and match the corresponding characters in the subject. As a
trivial example, the pattern
The quick brown fox
matches a portion of a subject string that is identical to itself. The power of regular expressions comes
from the ability to include alternatives and repetitions in the pattern. These are encoded in the pattern by
the use of “meta-characters”, which do not stand for themselves but instead are interpreted in some
special way.
There are two different sets of meta-characters: those that are recognized anywhere in the pattern except
within square brackets, and those that are recognized in square brackets. Outside square brackets, the
meta-characters are as follows:
\
general escape character with several uses
.
match any character
?
matches zero or one time(s) the preceding character/expression.
*
matches any number of times the preceding character/expression.
+
matches one or more time(s) the preceding character/expression.
{x,y}
matches one or more of the preceding character/expression between x and y
times
[ ]
Matches any single character, or range in the brackets (character class)
|
start of alternative branch (or)
\d
matches any decimal digit
\D
matches any character that is not a decimal digit
\s
matches any white space character
\S
matches any character that is not a white space character
\w
matches any "word" character (A "word" character is any letter or digit or
the underscore character, that is, any character which can be part of a "word")
\W
matches any "non-word" character
\b
matches at a word boundary
\B
matches when not at a word boundary
Part of a pattern that is in square brackets is called a "character class". In a
character class the only meta-characters are:
\
general escape character
^
negate the class (not)
indicates character range
[
starts a character class
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]
terminates the character class
Examples
Just using the above meta-characters, it is very easy to perform complicated searches:
Jesus|Christ will match any verse that contains the word Jesus OR the word Christ (notice that the
symbol | is used as an OR, e.g. match one OR the other)
\buse\b will match the word use but will not match words that contain the letters use in the middle
of the word (e.g., it will not match the words because, used, house, etc). Notice that the sequence
\b matches a word boundary (e.g. the beginning or end of a word).
\Buse will match the words cause, confused, house, etc but it will not match the words use, used,
etc. Notice that the \B (capital B) sequence matches when NOT at a word boundary, so no word
that start with use will be returned
Jesus.*Christ will match a verse that contains the words Jesus and Christ in that given order.
Notice that the .* sequence means: . (dot) means any character, * (star) means this character any
number of times. So the sequence .* matches every sequence of characters. So, in order for a
verse to match this given phrase, the words Jesus + <any number of characters> + Christ shall
be matched.
Jesus.*Christ|Christ.*Jesus will match those verses that contain both words Jesus and Christ in
any order. Actually, this phrase can be read as: Jesus <followed by> Christ OR Christ <followed
by> Jesus which is equivalent to Jesus AND Christ
Jesus.{1,10}Christ will match those verses that contain the words Jesus and Christ, in that order
but not more than 10 characters away. Notice that the "." (dot) means any character and the
phrase {1,10} means that this any character may be repeated between 1 and 10 times.
abrah?a?m will match those verses containing the word Abram or Abraham. Notice that the letter
h is followed by a question mark (?), which means that it matches 0 or 1 times. The same applies
for the second a (followed by a question mark).
abra(ha){0,1}m matches also Abram or Abraham. This syntax is almost identical (as to the result)
to the previous one. Notice that the phrase ha (enclosed in parenthesis) is followed by a quantifier
that defines that this phrase may be matched 0 or 1 times.
(god|man).*created will match those verses that contain the word god or man, followed by the
word created any numbers of characters away. Notice that the parentheses are used to group the
expressions god and man.
Book Search View
Overview
The Book Search View gives you the power to search the entire remainder of your module library, the
non-Bible modules. The color code for this View is purple. A new Book Search View can be made by
simply pressing the shortcut F9. The Book Search View functions very similarly to the Bible Search View,
however it is somewhat more simple. You may hover over any result in the results tree to see the entire
matched topic in a tool tip (the tool tip appears only if you hover your mouse exactly over the text of the
topic: moving your mouse on the white space area of the results list allows you to navigate without seeing
any popups).
TIP: Based upon your search terms and options, the Book Search View will
index your modules before performing a search. This indexing will only occur if
the module has never been searched, or the module has been updated since the
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last search. Please note that book modules are sometimes very large, much
larger than Bible modules. Indexing them before searching the first time may
take a long time, depending on your computer's hardware. Please be patient.
Book Search View
TIP: Searching a lot of Books may take a considerable amount of time to
complete; to cancel a running search you can press the ESC on your keyboard.
TIP: If you just want to find a word within the current topic, use the Find dialog
(right-click in reader and select Find in topic...)
Choosing Modules to Search
The Book search view allows you to search more than one modules at a time. The dialog to choose which
book modules to search can be found at the down arrow to the immediate left of the search input box.
Module Selection Menu(s)
From these menus you may select exactly which modules you would like to search based upon the terms
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you type in the search term input box. By default, the View will search the currently active module only.
Select manually the modules to search... will display another menu to allow you to check the modules
you would like to search. See below.
Manual Module Selection Menu
In this menu, simply check the modules that you would like to search for this particular instance. The
modules can be grouped by type, alphabetically, or without grouping. You can also save module sets
from this menu as well. Once done, press OK.
Back in the Modules Selection Menu, you may also search All modules, All modules in active Book
View, or a particular module set.
All modules will search all modules installed on your computer.
All modules in active Book View will search only those modules that are available in your currently
active Book View.
All modules of this set will search only those modules in the defined module set that you choose.
Creating subsets/collections of your library for effective searching
When your library starts to grow, it makes sense to start organizing your Books in modules based on a
specific category (e.g. Theology, Apologetics, etc). One way to do this is by using the Module Sets
functionality that is available from the Book View. All Module Sets that you have defined there are also
available as collections when you want to limit your searching to a sub-set of your library.
The Book search view allows you to create extra Search Sets that are only used for searching: these are
the sets created from the Select manually the modules to search... dialog. These sets, although quite
similar in concept to the Module Sets, they are used exclusively for the Book Search view.
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TIP: Do not confuse the Module Sets with the Search Sets! Although both are in
essence a pre-defined collection of modules, they differ in the following:
Module Sets are created from within the Book view Module Sets dialog and
can be used to limit a search but also as the collection of modules visible on
a Book view; they are more versatile since they can be defined in a 'virtual'
manner (e.g. all Commentaries), without defining the exact modules.
Search Sets are only created and used in the Book search view, and they are
comprised of a fixed set of modules.
Book Search View Options
Book Search View Options
Search for:
Any word - matches any one or more of the search terms.
All words - matches only the occurrences of all of the words in the same topic.
Exact phrase - matches the phrase exactly as entered.
Search options:
Whole words only - matches only whole words, not partial words. For example, with this selected,
when searching for believe, the View will also match "believeth", "believest", etc.
Ignore case and diacritics - ignore the presence of diacritical marks or capitalizations. For
example, if you searched for jonah, with this option checked, the search would match "jonah",
"Jonah", and "JONAH", etc. This option will also ignore accents from Greek and Hebrew text.
Search in:
Subjects - includes the topic titles in the search.
Topic content - includes the topic content in the search.
The Auto-expand Nodes icon will automatically expand all notes in the results tree.
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Navigating through the search results
Once you click on an entry in the search results list, a Book view will display the corresponding topic. The
search phrase/word will appear in the Book view with a red curly underline and yellow background. If the
topic contains more than one instances of the phrase/word, all of them will be highlighted. To navigate
through these you can use the Locate the next search match icon (
) on the Book view toolbar.
Alternatively, you can use the following keyboard shortcuts of the Book view:
CTRL+SHIFT+UP ARROW to move to previous match within the topic
CTRL+SHIFT+DOWN ARROW to move to next match within the topic
Bible Tree
Overview
The Bible Tree is a view that provides an additional way to navigate through the Bible. The contents of
the Bible are presented in a tree view so that you expand or collapse the tree to see the various chapters,
verses, etc. You may access the Bible Tree in three ways:
1. Show/Hide Bible Tree icon on the View Options toolbar.
2. Keyboard shortcut F8.
3. Main menu: View -> Bible tree.
Using the Bible Tree
Bible Tree
As you can see, the Bible Tree presents all the books of the Bible, their chapters and verses in a tree view.
You may hover over any verse and see its text in a tool tip. Also, you may click on a book name, chapter
number, or verse number and the active Bible View will jump to that book, chapter, or verse, respectively.
The first icon in the toolbar reloads the tree. It will collapse all nodes and reset the tree to a completely
collapsed state.
The second icon synchronizes the Bible Tree with active verse in the Bible View. It will not change the
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verse in the Bible View; it will change the Bible Tree to match the active verse in the Bible View.
The final icon in the toolbar shows the Bible Tree Options. The Bible Tree has several options, as shown
below:
Bible Tree Options
Book names allows you to cause the Bible Tree to show full book names or abbreviated ones. For
example, Genesis or Gen.
Show icons determines if the book, paper, and square icons are displayed next to the book, chapter, and
verses, respectively.
Book numbering refers to number the books of the Bible in the Bible Tree. For example, 1. Genesis, 2.
Exodus, etc. If Active is checked, the numbers are displayed. You may customize the way the numbering
is displayed in the Format menu selection. %d represents the digit and %s represents the book name.
You may also restore the default numbering format via the last selection.
TIP: if you right-click on a Book node, you will get a popup menu with all the
chapters of this book. If you right-click on a chapter node you will get a popup
menu with all the verses of this chapter. This is an alternative way to use the Bible
tree!
View synchronization
Overview
View synchronization is a feature that attempts to bring you related material as you study the Bible or
read a book. The main idea behind it is to use the current Bible view as a starting point and try to update
all available Book views to display topics that are related to the current verse and word you are reading (
Type 1). A secondary function is to update the current Book view tabs with indicators (colored dots) that
show you whether other modules on the same view have relevant information (Type 2).
TIP: Do not be confused with the 2 different types of synchronization:
Type 1 synchronization occurs when you work on the Bible view and affects all
Book views, depending on options (see below)
Type 2 synchronization occurs when you work in a single Book view and only
affects the module tabs of this same view: it only occurs whenever you change
the current topic on your Book view.
Whenever the Type 1 synchronization occurs, the Type 2 occurs also, but not the
other way round.
TIP: The information in this topic also explains how theWord reacts when you
click on a link (e.g. a Strong number, a link to a topic in a dictionary, etc). A link is
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like a special type of synchronization: a view needs to react to display the topic
you clicked on.
TIP: All the Lookup... menus (they can be found when right-clicking on a word in a
Book view, in a Bible view or in a topic in the Topic List of a Book view), work with
this same logic. Please, read the How word lookups are performed for more
information.
Remember that these menus are treated like links, e.g. theWord tries to find a
book view to display the content.
Type 1 synchronization
There are two pieces of data that are used to provide relevant information as you read through your
Bible:
1. The current verse you are reading (the current verse has a gray shadow by default; you change
the current verse by clicking on another verse, or scrolling your mouse wheel depending on
relevant options).
2. A word you click on in the Bible view (called from now on current word) - notice that in that case a
click on a single word may cause a synchronization on more than one piece of information; see
below Example 2.
These two pieces of information are used to update your book views in the following way:
1. The current verse is examined within all available commentaries you have installed to see if there is
relevant information.
2. The current word(s) is searched through the topics of all available non-commentary modules
(including general books, dictionaries, maps, etc).
Now, depending on the options set on each book view, the following might happen:
The current topic of your current module changes in order for the relevant information/topic to be
displayed
The module tabs of your book view are updated with some colored dots (e.g.
,
,
) on the
top-right that give feedback on whether the module has related information or not (a yellow light
also appears, depending on options).
The whole behavior is controlled from the Synchronize icon that you can find on the book view toolbar
(the red paper clip icon
). In order for any book view to be synchronized this icon should be
checked/pressed. If you click on the small black arrow on the right you will get three options:
1. Link commentaries allows you to set whether this book view will be synchronized on the current
verse
2. Link dictionaries/books/maps allows you to set whether this book view will be synchronized on
the current word(s)
3. Link this view even if inactive allows you to set whether this book view will be synchronized only
when it is the active one, or even if it is inactive.
Type 2 synchronization
This only occurs within a single Book view whenever you change the current topic. What happens here is
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that all other module tabs of the same book view are updated with the colored dots described above to
show whether they have relevant information to what you read. The only difference is that in that case:
1. The current verses changes when you display a topic of a commentary (so the current verse
becomes the commentary entry)
2. The current word changes when you display a topic of a non-commentary (so the current word
becomes the subject of the book entry).
The Synchronize icon settings are irrelevant in that case since only the red-dots are affected with this
type of synchronization.
Status Bar indication
At any moment, the status bar at the bottom of the main window will display the current verse and
current word:
The Dct entry is updated from both Type 1 and Type 2 types. The Cmt entry is updated only from Type
1 actions.
What do the colored dots
,
,
mean?
These dots appear on the book view buttons/tab on the tab bar, and indicate whether the associated
module has relevant information to the current verse or current word. Notice that there are total six
dots, 3 pairs: The different colors (blue, red, green) are just used to match the color coding used for the
tab button text (that changes according to the module type). Yet, for each color there are two different
shades, a dark one and a light one. The dark one is used when there is a direct match on the current
verse or current word being examined, the light one when there is an indirect one.
In the case of non-commentary modules, the faded dots will appear only if the Fuzzy matching for
topics option is turned on. You may also read the topic How word lookups are performed to get an idea
of how the Fuzzy option affects word matching.
The following table summarizes the cases:
Dot
Color
Used for
Meaning
Blue
Commentaries
The commentary contains a comment for the current
verse precisely
Light blue
Commentaries
The commentary contains a comment on a passage that
includes the current verse (including book and chapter
level comments)
Green
General Books
The Book has a topic that matches exactly
Light Green
General Books
The Book has a topic that matches using the Fuzzy logic
Red
Dictionaries
Same as Books
Light Red
Dictionaries
Same as Books
What about the yellow glows?
The yellow glow that appears on the button tabs is just an extra optional indication to help you identify
more easily the modules that have a match on the current verse or word. It can be turned on/off from
the Highlight buttons' background for matching modules. There are two different shades of the
yellow glow, that represent the two different types of match that are available (according to the table
above):
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Remember, that the different colors of the dots have no meaning other than identifying the module type
(e.g. commentary, dictionary, general book, etc). The only two different states that you need to
differentiate are the dark glow/dots and the light glow/dots:
Dark is always used for exact matches (more relevant information)
Light is always used for fuzzy matches (less relevant information)
How commentaries are synchronized
Type 1: A commentary is a module that has content related to a verse, a range of verses (passage), a
chapter or a book of the Bible. The View Synchronization feature works only for verse and passage
comments. Let's suppose that you have a commentary that has comments for Gen 1:3-10; Gen 1:8-10;
Gen 1:9; Gen 1:9-20. Now, as you change the current verse of the active Bible view, the commentary will
display:
Verse in Bible view
Commentary synchronized on
Gen 1:1
- (no comments on this)
Gen 1:3
Gen 1:3-10
Gen 1:7
Gen 1:3-10
Gen 1:8
Gen 1:8-10
Gen 1:9
Gen 1:9
Gen 1:10
Gen 1:9-20
Gen 1:11
Gen 1:9-20
Colored dot displayed
Notice that a verse level comment is preferred over a passage level comment (see Gen 1:9: there are
matching topics: one for topic on Gen 1:9 and one for topic on Gen 1:9-20).
Type 2: The logic is identical with Type 1, the only difference is that the current verse changes when you
change the topic of a commentary. The colored dots on the tab bar are updated to display if other
commentaries have relevant information according to the table above.
TIP: Consider the following case (Cmt stands for commentary):
CmtA with an entry on Gen 1:3-5
CmtB with an entry on Gen 1:2-6
CmtC with an entry on Gen 1:2
Your book view displays the CmtA and you click on Gen 1:4 on your Bible view,
so:
CmtA will display a light dot (passage match for Gen 1:3-5) and will jump
to display that
Cmt B will display a light dot also (passage match for Gen 1:2-6)
CmtC will display no dot
Let's say that you now click on the CmtB tab, so you see the entry for Gen 1:2-6
of CmtB. Now, the question is what happens to CmtC when you click on the CmtB
module tab? The two possibilities are:
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1. CmtC should sync now on Gen 1:2, since in your Book view you now see
CmtB on Gen 1:2-6, so the driving verse is Gen 1:2
2. CmtC continue to be synced to Gen 1:4, since this is the originating verse.
The answer is that theWord behaves according to the logic in case 2. The
paradox here is that in front of you, you now see CmtB, it displays the entry on
Gen 1:2-6, yet CmtC has NO colored dot to indicate that it also has a comment
on Gen 1:2. The reason is of course that the Type 2 synchronization happens
only when you change the current topic on the book view.
If the logic worked according to case 1, you would not be able to really go
through all the commentaries on your Book view to see what each one has to
say for Gen 1:4, which was the original verse that you clicked on your Bible view.
How books are synchronized? (books refers to all non-commentary modules)
The logic is identical to the one used for commentaries. Reading the example below will help you
understand how this is helpful
The dark/light dots are displayed according to the Fuzzy matching for topics option (if this is off, only
dark dots appear). You can read the How word lookups are performed topic on how the matching
occurs.
A notice on clicking on word links in the Bible view and elsewhere
Apart from the Bible text, the Bible view may also display several links (like Strong numbers, Morphology
codes, Commentary links) which, when clicked, will cause a Book view to display the target topic. In a very
practical way, clicking on a link is very similar to syncing to the current word. The major difference is that
when you click on an actual link, theWord may need to resort to change the current module of one of
the book views in order to display the content (if no book view exists, a new one will be created; if none
of the current book views can display the target of the link -due to settings-, a message will ask you
whether you want to create a new view to do so)! Remember, that standard view synchronization will
never cause the current module of any book view to change!
TIP: Keep in mind, that when you click a word that is a link (e.g. a Strong
number), theWord tries no matter what to display the target (think of it like
commanding the program to try to respond to your request);
When clicking on a non-link word in the Bible view theWord will do nothing if the
current settings do not allow any action to be taken.
Two exceptions/additions on matching
There are two important exception on the how theWord performs the matching:
1. In case you click on a word in the Bible view and the module has associated lemma information for
this word (this can only exist for original languages modules), then the matching will be performed
using the lemma, and not the actual word.
2. When matching words against dictionaries marked as containing strong definitions which also
contain the word lemmas corresponding to the definitions (all official Strong dictionaries modules
have this information), then the matching is performed on the actual topics (e.g. H1, H2, H3, ..., G1,
G2, G3, ...) but also on the lemmas (original words). This is very useful since it allows to sync
original word modules that have no strong indices with the strong dictionaries.
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Putting it all together - examples
Keep in mind that Type 1 synchronization causes the current topic to be changed when clicking on a
word/verse. Also, when clicking on a link the current module may also change to display the target. These
techniques can be proved very useful in order to use multiple book views and synchronize each one with
a different module.
The following examples use standard modules and abbreviations that should come with a default
installation of the program. It is a good idea to try out some of these examples since they will give you
valuable ideas on how you can organize your views and use the potential behind this mechanism.
To follow the examples, remember that:
Sync on/off means that the Synchronize icon
is pressed/checked
Link Cmts on/off means that the Link commentaries option is checked (click on the black arrow
above to see the popup menu)
Link Dcts on/off means that the Link dictionaries/books/maps options is checked (click on the
black arrow above to see the popup menu)
Link EiI on/off means that the Link this view even if inactive option is checked (click on the black
arrow above to see the popup menu)
Example 1: syncing on Strong and Morph codes, 2 commentaries following
Setup (omit some book views at a time to make it simpler):
One Bible view with TR, make sure Strong and Morph links are displayed (see Bible view options)
One Book view (1) with Mickelson/Strong, Sync on, Link Dcts on, Link EiI on
One Book view (2) with Thayer, Sync on, Link Dcts on, Link EiI on
One Book view (3) with RMAC, Sync on, Link Dcts on, Link EiI on
One Book view (4) with TSK, Sync on, Link Dcts on, Link EiI on
One Book view (5) with Gill, Sync on, Link Dcts on, Link EiI on
Try:
Click on a strong number: Book view 1 and 2 jump to display the definition
Click on a morph code: Book view 3 jumps to display the definition
Click on a verse (e.g. Matt. 1:1): Book views 4 and 5 will jump to that verse.
Click on Matt 1:2: Book views 3 and 4 follow.
Notice: Since Strong numbers are links, even if none
of the Book view 1 and 2 where displaying a
dictionary capable of displaying strong numbers, one
of the two would be used to do so. Remember,
clicking on a link is like 'commanding' theWord to
display the content.
Now, click on Book view 4 and 5 and turn off the Link EiI. Now, click again on Matt 1:1, Matt 1:2, ... Notice
that ONLY if one of the Book views 3 and 4 is active it will follow you.
Now, turn off the Sync from Book view 1 and change the module of both Book view 1 and 2 to something
else. Click on the strong number again and you will notice that Book view 2 will switch to Mickelson to
display the Strong definition. Book view 2 has still Sync on, so it will be used.
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Now turn off Sync from Book view 2 also and change the modules to NOT display Mickelson: click again
on the Strong link and you will notice that theWord asks you to use a Bible view to display the definition.
Example 2: syncing on Strong and actual word on a single click
An interesting feature of theWord is that it can hide Strong numbers, Morph codes and lemmas behind
the words (see Bible view options and check the Show no link, just show in a popup the ... option in
the Strong's number and Morphology codes pages). In this case, clicking on a word in the Bible view
actually sets the current word according to the Bible view options -> Word click options settings.
Setup:
One Bible view with KJV: Strong numbers should be on, yet with the Show no link, just show in a
popup the ... option checked, they should not be displayed
One Book view (1) with Mickelson/Strong, Sync on, Link Dcts on, Link EiI on
One Book view (2) with ISBE, Sync on, Link Dcts on, Link EiI on
Go to Matt. 1:1 and click on the 4th word generation. Notice that one Book view will show the Strong's
number, while the other one will display the topic Generation from ISBE.
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Bible Reading Plans
Overview
theWord allows you to setup a Bible Reading plan to help you read through the Bible, or a part of it.
You may choose to follow a pre-created reading plan or create one by yourself that suits your reading
habit.
You may create a new Bible Reading plan from the menu File -> New Bible Reading Plan.
The difference between a pre-defined and a customized reading plan is the selection of passages for
each reading session. In a pre-defined plan, the passages that you read each time have been preselected. In a customized plan, you have the option to select the passages you want.
A reading session represents the collection of passages from the Bible that you want to read each time.
Usually, a reading session corresponds to the readings of a single day.
Pre-defined Reading Plans
Selecting the Choose a pre-defined reading plan option and clicking the Next button will take you to the
screen where you can choose from a selection of reading plans:
From this list you can choose one of the pre-installed reading plans. theWord comes by default with a set
of reading plans you can choose from, but you may download and install more reading plans from the
official website.
The files that represent reading plans have the extension .rdp.twm.
TIP: The term Reading Plan is used in theWord in 2 different ways:
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1. It refers to a pre-defined reading-plan template that you can use as a
starting point (like the one you can select here). A template reading-plan is
one you can download from the official site, and it will then appear in this list.
2. It refers to the actual, customized-to-your-needs, reading-plan that is the
result of this operation, which you follow each day. This one also stores your
reading progress and also the scheduled calendar days for all your sessions.
A non-template reading plan is the one you customize and then you base
your daily readings on.
Customized Reading Plan
Selecting the Create a customized reading plan by yourself option will allow you to pick by yourself the
passages from the Bible that you want to base your reading plan:
The Which Bible do you want to read? options allows you to base your reading plan on a specific Bible
translation or just select the passages and use any translation you want.
The Which part of the Bible do you want to read? options allow you to specify the actual books of the
Bible from which you want to read a portion each day. The I want to read list contains a pre-defined list
of Book combinations that you can base your plan on. Alternatively, you can just enter the actual books
you want in the Passages included text area by yourself. Notice, that if you want to read each day from
more than one books of the Bible, you just enter the book(s) in a new line.
For example, let's say that you want to read the 4 gospels, 1 chapter from each gospel a day: you will
enter in the Passages included text area the following:
Notice that as you type in the books you want, the Parsed passages area on the left is updated to show
you what theWord has understood. You should check this area to make sure that what you entered here
is properly understood.
See that at this step you only enter the books that you want to read, not how much you want from each
book (this takes place at the next step).
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Another example: you want to read each day a part from the Old Testament, a part from the New
Testament and a verse from Proverbs: you need to enter the following:
As you see, there is no indication at this step of how much you want to read from each part of the Bible,
just that you want at each session to read a part from these 3 book-ranges.
One last option in this screen is the Passages are the actual readings per session (advanced) checkbox
towards the bottom. This is an advanced option and you should normally ignore it. If you check it, then
what happens is that theWord will understand that the passages you enter in the Passages included text
area above do not refer to books that you want to split apart at the next step, but to actual reading
sessions. This is mostly useful for advanced users that want to create their own reading-plan templates
and have already split apart the individual passages of the Bible to put in each reading session.
Splitting up passages and setting up your calendar
Clicking the Next button (either from the pre-defined or custom reading plans) will take you to the
following screen:
This is where you setup how often you want to read, and how much you want to read each time.
There are 2 ways to create your Bible reading plan:
1. Select a starting date and then say how often you want to read (e.g. select the days of the week
that you want to read).
2. Just split apart the selected Books in passages and complete a reading session each time you
want to.
If you prefer the second option, you need to check the I don't want to bind this plan to calendar days
check box at the top; else you should select the days of the week that you want to read from the How
often do you want to read? options.
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The How much do you want to read each time? is where you select the length of the passages that you
want to read in each reading session. There are 3 ways to go here, either:
select the date you want to finish on (I want to finish on option)
select in how long you want to finish your readings, e.g. 1 year, 4 months (I plan to finish in
option)
select how many verses or chapters you want to read each time (I prefer to read each time
option)
Now, depending on your selection, theWord will automatically calculate either the length of the passages
(chapters/verses) that you need to read each day (first 2 options), or the date you will end your plan on, if
you select the third option.
If in the previous step you have selected to read each day from more than one books, then the following
option will appear on the right of the I prefer to read each time option:
Clicking on this option allows you to select the actual number of verses/chapters you want to read from
each book. Taking the previous example where one may want to read each day a part from the Old
Testament, a part from the New Testament and a verse from Proverbs, the dialog will look like that:
See how you can select how much you want to read from each book.
The Cycle if needed option means that if the readings of the selected book(s) end before the other ones,
you want them to be repeated. Obviously, when you have chosen to read each day from different books,
it is very difficult to split everything in exactly the same number of passages, so this option makes up for
it.
Preview your plan before deciding
As you click on different options on this screen, the Quick Info area on the top-right is updated to show
you what your selections 'translate to', in terms of how much you read in each session and when your
plan will end:
You can experiment with the options here until you customize the plan exactly as you want. Moreover,
clicking on the Preview plan link will show you the actual readings in tabular form:
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Finalizing your plan
Clicking the Next button moves you to the last step of creating your reading plan:
Here, you can select an Abbreviation, Title and Description for your new plan, as well as select the path
of the file where your reading plan will be stored. Remember that the Abbreviation is used in the Book
view Tab bar. The Preview Plan link here allows you to take a look to your plan just before you finalize it.
You can click on the Previous button if you want to change something.
Click on the Create my Reading Plan button to create the plan: the new reading plan will be added to
one of your existing Book views. Please read-on the Using your Bible Reading Plan topic on how you can
use your plan to follow on your Daily Readings.
Using your Bible Reading Plan
Overview
Your Bible Reading Plans appear in Book views like any other Book modules. They appear in the Book
view Tab bar in Purple color.
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Please, notice that before a Bible Reading Plan appears here, you need to create one!
Viewing your Plan
When you select a Bible reading plan in the book view, the reading area displays a calendar. The day area
of each day of the calendar shows you the actual passages that you should read for this day:
This screenshot displays a plan with a passage from the Old Testament, one from the New Testament and
a verse from the Proverbs for each day. The day in yellow represents today's date. Clicking on a link will
display the passage in a Bible view.
For example, if one clicks on the Prov 1:1 link above (first link in the Sept 8 day), the Bible view will display
the following:
This is a normal Bible view, but the Start Reading mark/line has been added to help you identify the place
where your reading starts. You may read through until you encounter the Stop Reading mark/line, that
represents the end of the selected passage:
Once there you may click on the Done or Close link:
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Clicking on the Done link will mark this day's reading as completed
Clicking on the Close link will just remove this mark/line from the Bible view
Notice that theWord tracks your readings on a session basis! This means that you can mark a session as
completed either by clicking on the Done link above, or by just clicking the small check mark in the
calendar view:
In this particular example, there are 3 different readings for the Sept 8 date, so the other two links (Matt 1
and Prov 1:1) should be clicked and read before the completed mark is set.
Navigating your plan
When the Book view displays a Bible Reading Plan, the Topic List on the left displays 3 top-level nodes:
Clicking on the Calendar View and List View nodes expands them and displays sub-entries for each
month of your plan. Clicking on them makes the reader jump to this month.
TIP: Clicking on the Calendar View or List View nodes scrolls the reader to
today's date.
Notice that theWord provides an alternate List View method to display your sessions:
Reading Plans not bound to calendar dates
As mentioned in the section where you create your reading plan, theWord allows you to create a Bible
Reading plan without binding it to specific calendar dates. In that case, you only have a number of
sessions that you can read any time you want. For such reading plans, the Calendar View makes no
sense, so it is disabled (the No Calendar days found in Reading Plan message appears).
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The List View mode can be used to view and navigate your plan:
Notice that in this case, the left column shows the sessions counted from 1 (Session 1, Session 2, etc),
instead of the calendar days.
Stats & Actions
Clicking on the Stats & Actions node on the Topics List
will display the following:
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TIP: the same screen appears as the second tab of the Module Properties
dialog.
Current Progress: The first part of this screen displays some statistics concerning your reading progress
and your plan.
Falling behind on your schedule?: This function allows you to Catch Up on your reading plan if you have
missed some days. Just click on the Catch Up button to shift any unread scheduled readings forward, so
you start today with the first unread session.
Want to restart?: allows you to restart you reading-plan, by marking all your sessions as incomplete, and
also shifting the start date to today (and of course re-calculating the calendar days, starting from today).
TIP: Although you can restart a reading-plan, you cannot change the days that
you want to read. For example, if you have created a reading plan where you
read every day of the week but then you decide that you only want to read on
the weekdays and not on weekends, you cannot change that from this screen.
Yet, there is a way to do this by creating a new reading plan based on an
existing one!
To do so, you need to go to File -> New Bible Reading Plan menu, and select
the Choose a pre-defined reading plan option. On the Next screen, just choose
from the list your existing plan (be sure that the show templates only option is
not checked). From then on, you can re-select your calendar options from the
Next screen.
Using this method will create a new plan: you can then choose to Delete the
existing one if you want (you can delete a reading plan just like any other Book).
TIP: theWord allows you to have more than one Reading Plans active! This
means that you can create as many reading plans as you want and follow them
independently. The Daily Readings dialog gives you a complete picture of your
daily readings, each day.
Read the Daily Readings topic to see how you can access all the readings of a specific date from a single
place.
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Daily Readings
Overview
theWord provides a centralized way to follow your daily readings through the Daily Readings dialog:
You may access this dialog either from:
the menu Tools -> Daily Readings
the
button from the main toolbar
Moreover, this dialog will automatically appear whenever you start theWord based on the Startup
options (see below).
How does the Daily Reading dialog work?
The Daily Readings dialog groups in a single place all your readings of the day. The readings include:
1. Your Bible Reading Plans, for which a reading session exists for today
2. Your Bible Reading Plan which are not calendar based
3. The Devotional Books that you have installed
Two icons are used to notify you of the completion status of each reading:
means that the reading has not yet been completed
means the the reading is completed
TIP: For each reading plan, the actual verse passages appear on the right of
each link!
If you click on the link that corresponds to the reading plan, then a Book view
with your plan will appear. If you click on a verse passage, you can start reading
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directly in your Bible view.
You can use this dialog to perform all your daily readings!
The easiest way to track your daily readings is through this dialog. You can click on the individual links on
this dialog to jump directly to the appropriate readings.
This dialog will remain open while you perform your readings and may go behind the main theWord
window. Moreover, you can minimize this dialog to the Windows taskbar as it has its own taskbar button.
To complete a reading you need to:
for a reading plan with a calendar, you need to select the Done link or the completed check box (
read here)
for a reading plan without a calendar, you need to mark at least one session as completed
for a devotional book, you just need to click on the link in this dialog
Other Dialog Options
You can choose which devotional books you wish to read/follow each day by clicking on the Choose
Devotionals to read daily link. The Choose Devotionals dialog appears where you can select the
devotionals that you want to read on a daily basis. Alternatively, you can check whether you want a
specific devotional to be considered in your daily readings, by right-clicking on the module tab in the
book view and selecting the Follow devotional readings on a daily basis menu.
The Show unread only option at the bottom toggles whether you want this dialog to display all your
daily readings, or your unread ones only.
The Create a new Bible Reading Plan link opens the New Bible Reading Plan dialog.
Startup options
This dialog is designed to automatically popup whenever you start theWord based on your settings.
Clicking the Startup Option buttons, the following dialog appears:
From this dialog you can customize the way the Daily Readings dialog appears (or not) when you start
theWord. Most options are self-explanatory.
The Consider a single reading per day for plans with no calendar option means that theWord will track
the readings for each reading plan without a calendar and once you complete a session for a particular
day, it will consider that the daily reading for this plan has been completed. Remember that for reading
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plans without a calendar, there are only sessions that are not connected with dates.
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Graphics Viewer
Overview
theWord includes an integrated graphics/image viewer that can display images embedded in modules.
To open the graphics viewer you may:
double click on an image
right-click on an image and select Image -> Display in Graphics Viewer
Click on the Image button (
) that appears when you hover your mouse over an image and
select Display in Graphics Viewer
Graphics Viewer window
Unlike the other views, the Graphics Viewer is an independent window, with a different button on the
Windows taskbar to control it (this means you can minimize it separately from the rest of the program). It
supports zooming, panning, smooth resizing and image navigation among all images of the current
module.
The bottom area of the Graphics viewer displays the current module and current topic to which this
image belongs to. In the parenthesis there is the index of the image within the topic (notice the #1 above).
This index increases only if there are more than one images within a topic.
On the top-left area of the viewer a thumbnail of the image appears if the image cannot fit the viewer
window. When you move your mouse over the thumbnail, a red rectangle appears which you can drag
around in order to move the actual image within the window. You may also drag the image with your
mouse for panning.
Graphics Viewer toolbar
The Graphics viewer toolbar appears at the top of the Graphics Viewer window. The following functions
are available:
Moves to the next/previous image of the current module. This function scans sequentially the
module starting for the current topic and current image until it finds the next/previous image and displays
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it. If a topic has more than one images, this function will navigate to the next previous image within the
same topic. If there are topics with no images they will be skipped, until the next topic that contains an
image is found.
Zooms in/out the image. You can also perform a quick zoom in/out by holding down the CTRL
key and scrolling the mouse wheel.
These buttons specify how the image is fitted in the viewer; First one
is for Actual view (e.g. no zoom in/out), second is to fit the image to the viewer window width, third is
to fit the image to the viewer window height, fourth is to fit the image in both the width and height of
the viewer window. The Zoom percentage drop down allows arbitrary zooming to be set.
Decides whether the viewer thumbnail is visible or not. Clicking on it toggles the visibility of the
thumbnail. Clicking on the small black down-arrow brings up a menu that allows you to control the
thumbnail size and it's transparency level.
The Options button allows you to set the following:
Image resize quality/speed: controls how images are resized: you may experiment with the
settings here to see how your computer handles the resizing. In general, modern computer can
handle quite fast even the Excellent quality setting.
Pattern background decides whether the background of the image will be white or a pattern
black-gray checker-like background. This setting is important if you have transparent images: you
may need to adjust if you cannot see through very well.
Always on top causes the Graphics viewer window to always stay on top of the main window, even
when it gets de-activated.
Closes the Graphics Viewer window. You can also close the windows by pressing the ESC key.
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Copying Verses
Overview
One of the most beneficial features of theWord is the extensive and customizable ability to copy Bible
verses. There are numerous ways to do this:
1. Right-click on a Bible verse in the Bible View. From the menu there are several selections for
copying.
2. Via the Copy Verses dialog. This dialog can also be found in Bible View right-click menu or from
the Bible View Options.
3. Via the Clipboard Monitor.
4. Keyboard shortcut CTRL+C to copy the active verse or selection (if a selection has been made).
TIP: If you select with your mouse some verses in the Bible view before
displaying the Copy Verses dialog, then the selected range will appear in the
Step1 buttons! The first and last verse of your selection need not include the full
verse test; even a partial select will include them in the range.
TIP: If you hold down the CTRL key while you are copying verses, then the Copy
Verses dialog will appear to allow you to customize the format.
Copy Verses Dialog
The Copy Verses Dialog is the place customize the way in which theWord will copy Bible verses to the
clipboard. The settings are saved so that every time that you copy verses after changing the settings,
theWord will copy them according to your chosen settings. The Copy Verses Dialog is also the place to
perform advanced range copying and formatting. See the dialog below.
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Copy Verses Dialog
As you can see, there is an easy step-by-step process to copy Bible verses in an advanced way. At the
left, you can see a preview pane that displays exactly what your copied verse will look like when copied. A
simple paste command in Microsoft Word will display the verses as the preview pane shows them. At the
bottom of the preview pane, you can change the font size of your copied verses.
Step 1: Selecting Verses
Simply select the beginning and ending range of the verses you want to copy. You may also mouse over
the drop-down boxes and use the mouse scroll wheel to rapidly change the verse or use the PAGE UP/
PAGE DOWN key. Yes, you may copy the entire Bible at once. This is not possible, however, only
modules that have a restriction because of copyrights.
Step 2: Selecting Translation
Simply select the translation from which you want to copy. You can also choose to use shortened book
names, where book names would be in copy range.
Step 3: Selecting and Formatting Header and Footer
You may customize the format of both the header and footer in this section. Placeholder preserve space
for the specific information from your particular copy. They are variables that represent information that
will be used to format your copied content. There are three placeholder symbols for headers/footers: %r
for range, %t for translation, and %n for new line. For example, if I placed %r [%t], the resulting header/
footer would be (for the screenshot above) John 3:16-18 [KJV].
Step 4: Formatting the Verses
Customizing the verse formatting is very similar to that of the header/footer. The placeholders for the
verse formatting are the ones above (in Step 3) and: %b for book, %c for chapter, and %v for verse. This
formatting can be performed before each verse, after each verse, and before each chapter (if applicable).
You may use the pre-defined formats or make your own custom format. You are encouraged to test
these formats and the usage of the placeholders that the pre-defined formats use. Once you have
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learned how to use the placeholders successfully, you can format your verse nearly any way you want.
See the screenshot above for a good example.
Once you have finished selecting and formatting the verses you want to copy, you may press Copy and
Close to copy the verses to the clipboard and close the dialog, saving all the formatting for a future copy,
or press Copy to copy the verses and leave the dialog open.
TIP: The options you choose at this dialog (the format) will also be used when
copying multiple verse from other places from within the program (e.g. from the
Bible view, Bible search view, etc).
Advanced options
You may further customize the format of the copied verses using the Advanced options button on the
bottom-right area of the dialog. The following popup menu appears:
Available options are:
Default verse text Font size: Since the verse are copied formatted, this is the text font size of the actual
verses. For example, if you paste the verses to Microsoft Word, this will be the font size of the text.
Header (overall and chapter) relative font size: The Header font size is generally 1 point larger than
that of the actual verses. This option allows you to change the relative font size of the header.
Numbers and footer relative fonts size: In a similar way, you can set from this option the relative font
size of the verse numbers and the footer.
Bold text for non-verse elements: By default, the verse numbers, header and footer use a bold font. You
can unset this from here
Copy as text only (no formatting): Check this option if you don't want any formatting (bold, colors, etc)
for the copied text and headers
Copy only verse references: This option allows you to just copy the verse references and no text at all.
No verse reference ('Step 4') for single verses: When copying a single verse, it is usually the case that
one is not interested in including headers and footers, which is what this option is for.
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Clipboard Monitor
Overview
The Clipboard Monitor is a tool in theWord that parses all text in the Windows clipboard in search of
Scriptures references. When a reference is found, theWord displays a window on the screen that gives
the references and the texts of those references. This is especially useful while reading on the computer.
You simply have select and copy a portion of text, and theWord displays all the references and texts so
you don't have to turn to each one. Once the Clipboard Monitor window is open, you may also perform
additional actions on the parsed references.
theWord's Clipboard monitor is also multi-lingual. It will seek to detect references written in languages
other than English (depending on the current language you use and installed languages). Further, it also
recognizes abbreviations and chapter/verse notations for other languages also.
Clipboard Monitor Window
Clipboard Monitor Window
The window that you see above is the window that displays the verse references and texts for the parsed
references. This window may be resized to suit your desire.
At the top-most left is the translation used in the Clipboard Monitor window.
Preferences... will display the Clipboard Monitor options dialog. See section below.
The two small arrows enable you to navigate up and down through the verse if you have overflow.
The Show parsed verses list icon displays all the references that are being displayed in the Clipboard
Monitor window. You can jump to a particular verse in the Clipboard Monitor window by clicking the
reference in this list.
Show Parsed Verses List
Menu
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The next icon will add all the references in the Clipboard Monitor window to the current verse list in the
Bible View.
You may also increase and decrease the font size for easier viewing. Also, the close button is at the far
right.
Verse Title Bars
The verse title bars display additional information for that reference entry. It also allows you to perform
various actions on the verses on an individual level.
Verse Title Bar
At the far left is that reference that is displayed below the title bar.
In gray and inside parentheses is the text in the clipboard that was recognized and parsed as the verse
reference displayed.
Copy copies the verse to the Windows clipboard. theWord uses the settings already saved in the Copy
Verses Dialog to copy these verses.
Go causes the Bible View to jump to this verse.
To List sends only this verse to the active verse list in the Bible View. This performs the same action as is
mentioned above, only on an individual verse level.
Changing the verses with the mouse
Hovering your mouse over a verse reference highlights it in yellow:
At the same time, the header displays the message Mouse wheel scroll to offset. If at this point you
scroll the wheel of the mouse, you will be able to offset the verse displayed by one verse up or down.
This feature allows you to read quickly the context of the verse. In case of a verse range, the whole
range is moved up/down a verse.
Clipboard Monitor Options
The Clipboard Monitor options allows you to customize the behavior of the Clipboard Monitor. It can be
accessed in two ways:
1. Main menu - File -> Preferences -> Clipboard monitoring tab.
2. Preferences button in the Clipboard Monitor window (see above).
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Clipboard monitor options
Maximum clipboard text size (KB): determines the amount of text that theWord will parse if the
clipboard contains a lot of text. theWord will begin at the top and parse until it reaches this data limit.
Bible text: allows you to customize the translation that is displayed in the Clipboard Monitor window.
Clipboard windows placement: determines where the Clipboard Monitor window displays when the
clipboard is parsed.
Auto close clipboard monitor window after n seconds determines how long before the Clipboard
Monitor window closes after it is displayed. If this option is unchecked, you will have to manually close
the window.
The child option allows you to cancel the auto close of the window if you mouse hovers over the
window.
Auto close window on mouse movement will close the Clipboard Monitor window when the mouse is
moved if the option is checked.
Disable clipboard monitoring: With this option checked, the Clipboard Monitor will not display its
window when new text is found in the Windows clipboard.
Disable temporarily clipboard monitoring for content copied from within theWord (revert behavior
with SHIFT): Check this option so that when copying content from within theWord (e.g. from a Book view,
Bible view, etc.), the Clipboard Monitoring is temporarily disabled. You can revert this behavior by holding
down the SHIFT key while copying content.
Using the clipboard monitor to insert verse text in other application
You can use the keyboard shortcut CTRL+SHIFT+V as a global hot key to force the Clipboard monitor to
paste back to the clipboard the text of the verse it has recognized. This function is very useful because it
allows you to insert verse text from theWord to any other application without switching to theWord (the
Register CTRL+SHIFT+V global hot key to paste back to clipboard verse text option in the
Preferences must be checked).
To better understand how this works do the following:
1. Make sure theWord is running (you can minimize it to the task bar)
2. Open an editor (e.g. MS Word, Open office, Notepad, etc) and write a verse reference (e.g. John
3:16).
3. Select the verse reference in the editor and copy it to the clipboard (e.g. using CTRL+C from within
the program you use). The Clipboard monitor window will appear.
4. Without switching to theWord, press CTRL+SHIFT+V on your keyboard: you will see that the actual
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text of the verse will be inserted in your editor.
TIP: A previous version of theWord used the CTRL+ALT+V combination for this
function: depending on your version you may need to use this shortcut instead.
You may also override this key combination by editing directly the config.ini file.
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Cross-References
Overview
Cross-references are verse references found inline with the Bible text that point to another passage or
verse in the Bible that somehow relates to the active passage. They are displayed (depending on
options) inline with the Bible text in the Bible view:
Cross-references in Bible view (in red rectangles)
Cross-references in theWord function nearly identically to their printed counterparts that you would find in
the center column. Cross-references can be toggled on and off in several ways:
1. Keyboard shortcut X in the Bible View.
2. Via the Bible View Options quick list (see Bible View Options).
3. Via the Bible View Options dialog.
TIP: You can make cross-references that reference verses or verse ranges.
These ranges support not only ranges within a chapter, but can also span whole
chapters as well.
TIP: A default sets of cross-references is installed along with theWord. This is a
user set and is called Default Cross-references. You can add or delete crossreferences to/from this set, or create more user sets.
TIP: Clicking on a cross-reference will cause the current Bible view to jump to this
verse. If you hold down the CTRL key then another Bible view will be used to
display the cross reference leaving the current view unaffected.
To read more about how cross-references are displayed in the Bible view, please read the corresponding
section at the Bible view options dialog.
Cross-Reference Sets
Cross references are organized in sets. Cross-reference sets are groups of cross-references that are
stored together.
There are two types of sets:
1. User sets, which contain cross references that you can edit
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2. Bible modules sets, which comprise the cross-references that are found in some Bible modules.
Not all Bible modules have cross-references defined within.
You may have any number of user sets. You may set all, none, or only some of the sets to display
together in the Bible View. Also, you may add a cross-reference to any set that you have. Managing
cross-reference sets is done in the Organizing Cross-References dialog (see below).
Adding a Cross-Reference
Adding a cross-reference is very simple:
Right-click the verse to which you want to add the cross-reference.
In the menu, select Add a cross reference on [verse reference]...
Add Cross-Reference Menu
You will see the Add Cross-Reference dialog.
Add Cross-Reference Dialog
First, you simply type the verse or range for the cross-reference you want to add. If you want to define a
verse range, separate the two verses by a dash. theWord will attempt to guess the reference you are
referring to. If you like, you may manually select the book, chapter, and verse using the down arrow to
the right of the input box.
Next, in the Cross-reference set select box, you should choose which cross-reference set that you want to
add this particular reference to.
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The button to the right of the Cross-reference set select box will display the Cross-References Statistics
dialog. This dialog displays all the cross-references in the selected set. This dialog gives you the ability
to see all the references in one place. From this dialog, you can display tool tips of the actual reference
texts, delete cross-references, and see relevant statistics for that cross-reference set. See below for a
screenshot of this dialog.
Finally, the Organize button displays the Organize Cross-References dialog, which is explained below.
Cross-Reference Statistics Dialog
Deleting a Cross-Reference
Deleting a cross-reference is similar to adding one. When a cross-reference is displayed in the Bible
View, right-click on the reference, and select Delete cross-reference [verse reference]...
A dialog will appear: the Delete Cross-Reference dialog.
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Delete Cross-Reference Dialog
From this dialog, you must select the set from which you want to delete the reference. If this crossreference appears in more than one set, check the box(es) of the set(s) from which you want to delete the
reference that you right-clicked.
TIP: You can only delete cross references from user sets but not from Bible
modules sets (e.g. cross-references that are embedded in a Bible module)
Organize Cross-References Dialog
This dialog is used to modify or create new cross-reference user sets. It can be accessed in two ways:
1. Via the Organize button in the Add Cross-References dialog.
2. Via the main menu: Tools -> Organize cross-references...
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Organize Cross-References Dialog
The pane at left give the cross-reference sets that are available. The buttons at the right allow you to
perform various actions on the selected set.
New will create a new set. See New Cross-Reference Set dialog below.
Rename will rename the selected set.
Copy from allows you to copy the cross-references in one set into another set. To do this, select the set
(s) to which you want to add the cross-references, then select Copy from and select the set from which
you want to copy. Once finished, the references should appear in the target set.
Clear will delete all the cross-references within that set, but will not delete the set itself.
Delete will delete the set and all the references therein.
Explore will open the Cross-Reference Statistics dialog (see above) for that set.
The Manage files... button allows you to manage the various files that store the cross-references. See
below for more information.
New Cross-Reference Set Dialog
This dialog allows you to select options when creating a new cross-reference set.
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New Cross-Reference Set Dialog
First, you should type the name that you want for the new set.
Next, you may select to make a new empty set with no references, or copy the references from an existing
cross-reference set.
Third, you may choose to store this new set as a part of an existing cross-references set file, or create a
new file.
Managing Cross-Reference Set Files
theWord stores cross-reference sets in files called [filename].xrefs.twm. These files can each contain
more than one set. These files must be stored in a folder recognized by theWord to be read and be
available in theWord.
Manage Cross-Reference Set Files Dialog
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In this dialog, you can see (as in other places) the paths to your cross-reference set files. From this
dialog you may add a new cross-reference set file or stop using an existing file. Double clicking a file in
the left pane will display the path to the file.
TIP: You can share sets of cross-references with others by just sharing the file
that they are stored in.
Additional Options for Cross-References
Additional options can be found in the Bible View Options dialog. See this section's help for more
information.
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Layouts
Overview
A Layout is just a specific arrangement of views, and their settings. Think of it as a snapshot of what you
see at any particular moment.
theWord comes with a predefined set of layouts that you can access from the menu View->Layout>Predefined Layouts or from the layout icon (
) that can be found on View options toolbar.
Predefined layouts
To access one of the predefined layouts use the View menu.
TIP: If you find the look of theWord overwhelming or complicated in any way, try
to choose one of the predefined layouts at the top of this list! Choose the
Beginner or Novice layout and you will get immediately a clean and straightforward interface concentrated on the Bible.
Save and restore your own layouts
You can use the same menu to Save, Rename and Delete a layout.
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To save a new layout you can just click on:
as: 'User layout n' (n=1, 2, ...) to save the current layout with this name, or
enter a more descriptive name in the or as input box and press enter, or
click on one of the previously saved layouts to overwrite/update it.
Recalling/applying a layout
To recall/apply a layout you just simply click on it's name from the menu:
The last layout you applied is indicated in bold in the menu (check the red rectangle in the above image).
TIP You can save any changes you have made to the last user layout by
pressing CTRL+ALT+S. You will get a confirmation message first. Notice that this
will only work if you have already chosen a user layout to display in the first
place.
What is saved within the context of a layout?
A layout saves all the views and their individual settings. This includes:
for Bible views, the current verse, current modules, selected Bibles in compare view, colors, etc
for Book views the current topic, module, module set, etc
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for Search views the search phrase, options, etc
Notice that global settings (such as the main window position and size, Global Preferences under the File>Preferences dialog, etc) are not included in a layout.
Where are the layouts saved?
User layouts (the ones you create) are saved in the file my.lyts.twm which can be found in the Personal
files folder location. Predefined layouts are stored in the file default.layouts.twm under the Misc folder.
Read more on files and locations.
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Popups
Overview
theWord uses popup windows to display relevant content when you move your mouse over a link or
other 'content sensitive' areas:
In the above screenshots you can see:
1. A popup over a Strong number in the Bible view which displays the content of the Strong entry
2. A popup over a verse reference (Job 38:4)
3. An active popup and the popup context menu
The popups in theWord are displayed with a small delay so they don't clutter the screen if you just want
to move your mouse over sensitive content. When a popup appear, you can just move your mouse in
order to hide it.
To activate the popup you need to hold down the SHIFT key and move your mouse over the popup: in
that case, the popup changes colors to show that it is activated. Activating a popup allows you to perform
several functions! Alternatively, you can hold down the RIGHT MOUSE BUTTON and move the mouse over
the popup to activate it.
Changing the popup width
The width of the popup is fixed and it's height is increased/decreased to accommodate the content that
needs to be displayed. If the content will not fit on the screen, a scroll bar appears: in order to scroll the
content in the popup you will need to activate it (e.g. hold down the SHIFT key) and move your mouse
over the popup.
To change the width of the popup, activate it and then drag it from it's edges to resize it. theWord will
remember the width you set so it will be used from then on (remember the height varies depending on
the content).
Links in the popup
You can click the links in the popup (if you move your mouse over them), as you can do with any other
links in theWord: in that case, a Bible or Book view will be used to display the content that the links refers
to. Notice that no second popup will be used to display the content of the links in a popup (there can be
only one popup visible at any time - no popup-in-popup is supported).
Popup context menu - Default font size
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Right-clicking on the content area of the popup will display the context popup. The functions are selfdescriptive.
Notice that if you zoom in/out (either using the menu or the CTRL+MOUSE WHEEL move), theWord will
remember the setting and will use it from then on.
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How word lookups are performed?
Word lookup refers to the function where theWord looks through the topics of all Dictionary and Book
modules (referred below as Books) and tries to locate the ones that match a particular word.
Word lookups are very frequent in theWord and are executed in the following two major cases:
1. When you click on a word in the Bible view, a word lookup is performed to decide which Books
contain a topic for this word - the result is the changing of appearance of the tabs of the Book view
(see View synchronization). Similar case is when you right-click on a word in the Bible view and
select the Lookup menu (submenu's are populated with all matching topics of all Books)
2. When you right-click on a word in the Bible view (Lookup menu)
3. When you right-click on a word in the Book view (either in the Topics List or in the viewer itself) and
select the Lookup menu.
Word lookups are performed in order to synchronize the different Bible and Book views and to provide
visual feedback on the Book view tab bar. Read the View synchronization topic for more information.
There is a single option that modifies the way that lookups are performed: this can be found under the
Book view options menu and is named Fuzzy matching for topics. When this option is checked, then
theWord tries to perform a more clever word match in order to match words with different endings. The
accuracy of the result may differ heavily based on the language of the word being looked up and the
grammar rules of this language concerning word-endings.
In general:
when lookups are initiated from a Bible view, then the Fuzzy logic is always used
when lookups are initiated from a Book view, then the Fuzzy logic is used only if the current Book
view has this option set.
How the lookup is performed
Each topic of each Book is broken up in individual words. Each word is then compared (using the Fuzzy
logic if appropriate) with the lookup word. If there is a match for any of the words that comprise the
topic, then a match is assumed. If there is a topic that exactly matches the word being looked up (e.g. a
topic that consists of a single word), then this topic gets priority in the match list.
The result of a word lookup is usually a single topic (or no topic, if no match is found): this single topic
(which is chosen according to the above rule and given priority) is used when this matched topic is to be
used (e.g. when changing tabs in the Book view or when displaying a topic in a Book view when clicking a
word in the Bible view).
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Importing personal notes from theWord 2
Overview
You can import all your notes that you have created with an earlier version of theWord (version 2 or
earlier) from the File->Import personal notes... dialog. In previous versions, all your personal notes are
stored in a single file called user.edb. Click Browse in the Import personal notes from previous version
dialog to select the user.edb file to use.
How your notes are migrated to the new version
Version of theWord prior to 3 were more limited in the ability to make personal notes. The new version
allows you to create and store your notes in any type of supported module (commentary, book, etc).
When importing notes from a previous version:
Verse lists are imported as they are; no major changes exist in this area
Bible formatting (highlighting) information is imported as is, no major changes exist in this area
Footnotes of version 2 are converted to a General Book with the name My footnotes.
Book/Chapter/Verse notes of version 2 are converted to a commentary with the name My Verse
Notes.
Subject notes (on various subjects) are converted to a General Book with the name My subject
notes.
If any of the above categories is empty (e.g. no footnotes), then no module will be created. This dialog
allows you to preview the number of notes found in the selected user.edb file: you can also choose to
only import part of your personal data (by checking/unchecking the corresponding category).
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Original language texts popups and word-click options
This topic is just a summary of information found elsewhere on this manual and provides some more
advanced information on how theWord behaves in relation to original language modules.
Overview
Original language Bible modules may contain extra information, apart from the actual text, such as Strong
numbers, Morphology codes, Lemmas and more. Modules like that include the Textus Receptus (TR),
Westcot-Hort (WHNU), Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM), etc .
The following extra information can be attached behind each word: STRONG number, STRONG number
2, STRONG NUMBER 3, MORPH tag, LEMMA - root, <generic-messages>.
Examples
Remember that when a LEMMA is included in a module, then it is being used for the word lookup
function. Moreover, dictionaries that are marked as Strong are being looked-up on the root of the
words, AND on the strong indices!
Let's consider the following questions:
1. What happens when the mouse hovers over a word?
2. What happens when the user clicks on a word
3. What happens when the user right-clicks on a word.
4. How the Lookup dictionaries work in combination with the new features?
Problem 1: User hovering over a word.
Since more than one piece of information may be associated with a word, theWord creates a popup that
includes all associated information. Specifically:
1. If there is a STRONG, STRONG2, STRONG3 associated index, it is being looked up and the result(s)
displayed (based on options)
2. If there is a MORPH tag, it is also being looked up (based on options)
3. If there are extra messages attached, they are also displayed
4. If lookup dictionaries are enabled, they are appended also.
Example: let's consider the WHNU module. Suppose we have enabled lookup dictionaries with
Mickelson dictionary. Also Strong and Morph are active on the Bible view:
User hovers over first word of Mt 1:1 βίβλος: the popup displays 3 entries: first is the morph info
(N-NSF), second is the key from the strong (G976), and there is a 3rd entry which is again G976: this
comes from the lookup dictionaries: theWord looks-up the word βιβλος in Mickelson, but since
Mickelson is marked as a strong dictionary, it does NOT search the subject (e.g. H1, H2, ...) only,
but also the actual original words in Mickelson: so it finds a match for βιβλος (which is G976 and is
being displayed a second time).
User hovers over 2nd word γενεσεως: the popup displays 2 entries: morph and strong. But there is
no 3rd entry because the word γενεσεως is NOT found in Mickelson, since the original word is
γενεσις! If there was associated LEMMA information behind the word, then a 3rd entry would also
appear (since the root of γενεσεως would be γενεσις and, as said above, the LEMMA would be
used for the dictionary lookup).
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Problem 2: user clicks on a word
Normally, clicking on a word will cause the current dictionary entry in all Book views to be updated (e.g.
dictionaries will be synced to the word being clicked, see View synchronization). The question now is:
since we now have more information behind a word, which part of it should be used to sync the book
views? The answer comes from the Word click options category in the Bible view options dialog. if you go
to this page, you will see that there are 4 options there, and you can set which of these will be performed
and in which order.
The question one could set is: what does it mean to lookup all 4 of them? The answer is that it can be
used to sync more than one book views!
Example
Open 4 book views, and set one to RMAC, one to Thayer, one to Mickelson, one to LSJ. Go to 1Cor
1:6 and click the 3rd word µαρτυριον. You will see that all 4 book views are synchronized, each one
with a different part (make sure that in Bible view options-> Word click options you have checked
the Perform the lookup on all checked items'and that each of the Book view has the Link this view
even if inactive checked).
You see, clicking on this word, which (in this module) carries 3 pieces of information (STRONG,
MORPH, the word itself) you can cause 4 books to get synchronized, each with a different piece of
this information (2 of the views, Thayer and Mickelson use the same piece, namely STRONG).
Problem 3: what happens when a user right-clicks on a word
The answer here should be quite obvious now: for each piece of information, there is a separate Find...
menu and a separate Lookup'menu! Maximum 6 of each (Find [word]. Find STRONG, Find STRONG2, Find
STRONG3, Find MORPH, Find LEMMA). Of course, each find menu automatically enters the appropriate
expression the Bible search view. Same applies for the Lookup: yet, remember that the Lookup logic is
always the same: the word being looked up is being search in all subjects of each dictionary/book
module.
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Shortcuts
Overview
theWord uses several keyboard shortcuts to access functions that are also available via menus and
toolbars. There are three types of shortcuts:
1. Global shortcuts which are active independently of which is the active view or control
2. View specific shortcuts that apply only to the active view (to activate a view you click anywhere in
the view's rectangle)
3. Control specific shortcuts that apply to the active control (to activate a control you click on that
control)
Global Shortcuts
Global
Action
Shortcuts
Shortcuts for function keys F1 until F12
F1
Displays online help
F2
Search Books - set focus to Book search input box (if a Book search view is not present,
one is created)
Search Book titles of active Book view
SHIFT+F2
F3
SHIFT+F3
F4
Search the Bible - set focus to Bible search input box (if a Bible search view is not
present, one is created)
Search Bible titles of active Bible view
F5
Sets the focus to the Verse-reference input box in order to enter a verse reference with
the keyboard
Display the Copy Verses dialog
CTRL+F6
Show/hide view captions
F8
Show/hide the Bible tree
Book search views
F9
Create Book search view
SHIFT+F9
Create floating Book search view
CTRL+F9
Navigate Book search views
CTRL+SHIFT+F9 Close active Book search view
Bible search views
F10
Create Bible search view
SHIFT+F10
Create floating Bible search view
CTRL+F10
Navigate Bible search views
CTRL+SHIFT+F1 Close active Bible search view
0
Bible views
F11
Create Bible view
SHIFT+F11
Create floating Bible view
CTRL+F11
Navigate Bible views
CTRL+SHIFT+F1 Close active Bible view
1
Book views
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F12
Create Book view
SHIFT+F12
Create floating Book view
CTRL+F12
Navigate Book views
CTRL+SHIFT+F1 Close active Book view
2
Global shortcuts
CTRL+SHIFT+L
Reload current language file (useful when editing the .lng file during translation)
CTRL+SHIFT+R
Reload active Bible module. Useful if you are editing an .ont file and you want the
changes to appear immediately without restarting theWord. Hotkey can be changed
with the bible.module.reload.hot.key config.ini parameter.
CTRL+SHIFT+V Paste back verse text from Clipboard monitor to the clipboard
CTRL+SHIFT+S
Save current arrangement in last selected user layout
Bible view specific
Bible View Specific Shortcuts
Action
Bookmarks
CTRL+0-9
Jump to Bible view bookmark 0 until 9
CTRL+SHIFT+0-9
Set bookmark 0-9 to current verse
CTRL+SHIFT+B
Add new bookmark to next available bookmark index
Navigation
SPACE
Scroll down a page/move to next chapter
DOWN ARROW
Next verse
UP ARROW
Previous verse
RIGHT ARROW
Next chapter
LEFT ARROW
Previous chapter
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW
Next book
CTRL+LEFT ARROW
Previous book
BACKSPACE
History back
ALT+LEFT ARROW
History back
ALT+RIGHT ARROW
History forward
MOUSE FORWARD/BACKWARD Some mouses have extra buttons for forward/backward navigation:
BUTTONS
these can be used to to back/forth in history
ALT+0..9
Activate first, second, … ninth Bible view tab (0 for tenth)
ALT+P
Display the Compare view
ALT+L
Display the List view
<ANY NUMBER>
Jump to this verse number (supports multi-digit verse numbers also)
Jump to this chapter number (supports multi-digit chapter numbers
SHIFT+<ANY NUMBER>
153
also)
Actions
CTRL+A
Selects all text
CTRL+L
Add current verse to current list
CTRL+C
If selection exists, copy it; if not, copy current verse
CTRL+O
Display Bible view options dialog
CTRL+P
Print
CTRL+T
Show/hide viewer icons (the vertical toolbar in the Bible view)
CTRL+H
Compare view: arrange Bibles horizontally
CTRL+J
Compare view: arrange Bibles vertically
CTRL+NUMPAD+
Zoom in (this is the plus sign on the numeric keypad)
CTRL+NUMPAD-
Zoom out (this is the minus sign on the numeric keypad)
CTRL+MOUSE WHEEL
Zoom in/out
Quick view options (plain keys)
H
Show/hide Chapter Headings
F
Show/Hide footnotes
U
Show/hide User formatting
J
Show/hide words of Jesus in red
O
Show/hide OT quotes in bold
P
Toggle Paragraph mode
X
Show/hide cross references
S
Show/hide Strong's numbers
Toggle display of Strong's numbers as separate links or 'hidden' below
SHIFT+S
the actual word
M
Show/hide morphological codes
Toggle display morphological codes as separate links or 'hidden'
SHIFT+M
below the actual word
Q
Show/hide header and footer links
L
Show/hide commentary links
D
Enable/disable word definition popups (dictionary lookups)
C
Show inline commentaries below each verse
T
Show inline commentaries beside each verse
N
Hide inline commentaries
W
Create a new Bible view
<MODULE TOGGLE KEYS>
Some modules have content that can be switched on/off using specific
154
toggle keys. These can be found in the module properties Information
dialog (Help->Info).
Verse list
CTRL+W
Show Contents (all verse lists)
CTRL+A
Select all
CTRL+S
Save verse list
DOWN ARROW
Next verse in list
RIGHT ARROW
same as DOWN ARROW
UP ARROW
Previous verse in list
LEFT ARROW
same as UP ARROW
HOME
Jump to first verse
END
Jump to last verse
SHIFT+DEL
Delete current verse
PAGE UP
Jump 6 verses up (or next row in multi-column display)
PAGE DOWN
Jump 6 verses down (or next row in multi-column display)
CTRL+P
Print
CTRL+NUMPAD+
Zoom in (this is the plus sign on the numeric keypad)
CTRL+NUMPAD-
Zoom out (this is the minus sign on the numeric keypad)
CTRL+MOUSE WHEEL
Zoom in/out
SHIFT+UP ARROW
move up current verse
SHIFT+DOWN ARROW
move down current verse
SHIFT+MOUSE WHEEL UP
move up current verse
SHIFT+MOUSE WHEEL DOWN
move down current verse
CTRL+SHIFT+UP ARROW
Subtract a verse from current verse passage
CTRL+SHIFT+DOWN ARROW
Add a verse to current verse passage
CTRL+SHIFT+MOUSE WHEEL UP Subtract a verse from current verse passage
CTRL+SHIFT+MOUSE WHEEL
DOWN
Add a verse to current verse passage
Book view
155
Book View Specific Shortcuts
Action
CTRL+A
Selects all text
CTRL+N
Add new topic
CTRL+SHIFT+N
Update current topic subject
CTRL+SHIFT+D
Delete selected topic(s)
CTRL+ALT+SHIFT+D
Delete selected topic(s) without confirmation dialog
SHIFT+(CTRL)+DELETE
Delete selected topics(s) - if topics tree is the active control
SHIFT+TAB
Navigate to next control (if TAB is used to insert tabs, else TAB itself is
used)
CTRL+NUMPAD+
Zoom in (this is the plus sign on the numeric keypad)
CTRL+NUMPAD-
Zoom out (this is the minus sign on the numeric keypad)
CTRL+MOUSE WHEEL
Zoom in/out
CTRL+SHIFT+UP ARROW
Previous search match
CTRL+SHIFT+DOWN ARROW
Next search match
CTRL+S
Save reader content immediately
CTRL+D
Auto-detect all verse references in current topic
CTRL+R
Display the Bookmarks dialog
CTRL+SHIFT+U
Toggle user module property for current module - notice that any user
formatting will become permanent.
Formatting
CTRL+SHIFT+F
Focus the font combo box, if the book view formatting toolbar is active
CTRL+SHIFT+P
Focus the font size combo box, if the book view formatting toolbar is
active
CTRL+X
Cut
CTRL+C
Copy
CTRL+V
Paste
CTRL+Z
Undo
CTRL+Y
Redo
CTRL+B
Bold
CTRL+I
Italics
CTRL+U
Underline
CTRL+.
Grow font by one point
CTRL+,
Shrink font by one point
CTRL+SHIFT+=
Superscript (toggle)
CTRL+=
Subscript (toggle)
CTRL+K
Insert hyperlink
CTRL+P
Print current topic
156
Advanced functions
Overview
theWord provides several more advanced functions that allow you to customize it in more ways to suit
your specific needs. Select one of the child topics to read more.
Files used by theWord
Overview
theWord software uses several different types of files. This section lists each file type and how it is used.
The main executable file is named theword.exe. There are no other file dependencies to successfully run
theWord. The sqlite3.dll file is also required, yet if it is not found it will be automatically created. At least
one Bible file is required to run theWord (the program will prompt you in case none is found).
File locations
theWord uses several folders to store files. Depending on the installation type (normal or compact) and
your operating system, these folders reside in different locations. You can see at any time the location of
these folder from the Help->About dialog, under the File locations tab. At this dialog you can also see a
list of all the files being used by theWord.
The following table summarizes the folders used by theWord:
Folder
What is stored in it?
Installation folder
This is the folder chosen during installation. The main
executable file (theword.exe) is saved there amongst other
files
Personal files folder
All files created by you. This is the folder to include in your
backup program to make sure that all your personal files,
notes, etc are safely backed-up. Each user of the computer
has a separate copy of this folder
Common modules
folder
All modules you install reside in this folder. All users of a
computer share files in this folder
Cache folder
Temporary data are stored in this folder. If you delete files
from this folder they will be recreated the next time you
restart theWord.
Language files folder
Language files (*.lng) are stored there: theWord looks at this
folder to locate language files
Files used by theWord
This is the list of all files used by theWord:
157
File name
Folder in
normal
installation
Folder in
compact
installation
Usage
theword.exe
Installation
Installation
Main executable file. This is the actual program
sqlite3.dll
Installation or
Cache
Installation or
Cache
Library file, used by theWord. If it is not found in
the same folder as theword.exe, it is created
english.lng
Installation
Installation
Default English language file. If it is not found in
the same folder as theword.exe, it is created
*.lng
Installation
Installation
All other add-on language files. One file for
each supported language. (e.g. greek.lng,
spanish.lng, etc)
config.ini
Personal
Installation
All program settings are saved in this file.
compact
-
Installation
If present, this is a compact installation
*.skn
Installation\Skins Installation\Skins Skin files - each one describes a skin that can be
used by theWord.
my.vsls.twm
Personal
Installation
Stores verse lists
my.lyts.twm
Personal
Installation
Stores user layouts
my.bhls.twm
Personal
Installation
Stores Bible highlighting information
*.xrefs.twm
Personal
Installation
Stores user cross-references
*.list, *.idx, *.idx3,
*.dat
Cache
Installation
Cache data
*.ttf
Cache
Cache
Embedded fonts (if any)
Cardo.ttf,
Gentium.ttf
WINDOWS\Font WINDOWS\Fonts
s
Default Hebrew and Greek font: installed in
Windows system font directory
*.hdgs.twm
Misc
Misc
Stores chapter headings for Bibles
default.layout.
twm
Misc
Misc
Default layouts
default.prgs.twm,
default2.prgs.
twm
Misc
Misc
Information concerning paragraph breaks for
Bibles. Two sets are included by default
nf.dat
Misc
Installation
Stores unlock data for locked modules
*.nfp
Installation
Installation
Appears temporarily when installing a locked
package/bundle. Contains unlock information.
*.twm
Common
modules\Books
Installation\Book
s
Book Modules. The actual module type is
determined by an internal flag, not by the
extension
*.ont, *.nt, *.ot
Common
modules\Bibles
Installation\Bibles
Bible modules
*.ontx, *.otx, *.ntx
Common
modules\Bibles
Installation\Bibles
Encrypted Bible modules
tw3brand.dll
Installation
Installation
Branding dll - used for these distribution that are
branded for some 3rd party ministry.
errors.log
Cache
Cache
Errors that occur are written in this file.
*.dic, *.aff
Misc
Misc
Spelling dictionaries from Open office
How theWord locates installed modules?
theWord modules are files with extension .twm, or .ont (see table above for complete list). theWord will
look in all known folders and all their sub-folders to locate modules and other files. This means that you
can create and organize your modules in sub-folders and the program will still locate and use. If a folder
name starts with a dash (-) or a dot (.) then this folder is excluded.
You can also add more module folders by manually adding an entry in the config.ini file (see Working
158
directly with the config file for information on how to do this).
Registry
theWord makes minimal use of the registry. It only stores a couple of settings under HKCU\Software\The
Word and HKLM\Software\The Word. It will not save anything there if you make a Compact/UFD
installation.
Working directly with the config.ini file
Overview
The config.ini file is where all settings of theWord are stored. To locate the current config.ini being
used do the following:
Go to the menu Help -> About. In the About dialog, click on the File locations tab. Locate the
Personal files folder line and click on the ... button on the right: a windows shell dialog will open.
Locate the config.ini file in that dialog: this is the one used by the program.
You can edit directly this file if you want to set some advanced options. Before trying to edit it make sure
that theWord is not running or else your edits will be overwritten when you shut down theWord.
The file is divided in sections. Each sections starts with the name of the section enclosed in square
brackets and extends until the beginning of the next section (or the end of the file). Most options that you
can set manually usually should go to the [general] section. The [general] section is usually the first one
in the config.ini file (although this is not necessary).
You can edit the config.ini file using any text editor like notepad that comes with Windows.
TIP: Editing directly the config.ini file is an advanced operation that requires
some basic knowledge of files and usage of a text editor. It is suggested that
you make a backup copy of the config.ini file before changing it manually.
What settings can be set there?
A partial list of available options is given below. Notice that this is not complete and it is only suggested
for advanced users. You should probably check the forums for more information on these options. All
entries listed here should go to the [general] section.
Entry
Used for
extra.paths=[list of paths
separated by ;]
Add one or more extra paths in which theWord should look for
modules. Example:
extra.paths=c:\my modules; h:\personal\files
vref.languages=[list of
<language>, *, current]
This setting determines what language the verse detection algorithm
uses for book names. By default it uses English and current language.
You can use * for all languages installed, or a comma list with the ones
you want (current stands for the current language). Examples:
vref.languages=*
vref.languages=english,current
vref.languages=spanish,german
vref.language=english
dbv.tlb.backcolor.luma
159
Default is 210. Luminosity of the color applied to the Bible tab bar
jump.to.verse.list.on.add
Default is 1 (true). Set to 0 if you don't want the Bible view to change
to List when you add a verse to the current list (using CTRL+L, the
menu, etc)
dbv.add.header.when.
copying.single.verse
Default is 1 (true). Set to 0 if you don't want a header when copying
single verses from the Bible view.
dbv.add.footer.when.
copying.single.verse
Default is 0 (false). Set to 1 if you want a footer when copying single
verses from the Bible view.
active.verse.highlight.
light
Default is -35. How much the current verse gets lighter from the
background (when using standard color) - applies for light background
colors (negative means it gets darker).
active.verse.highlight.dark Default is 40. How much the current verse gets lighter from the
background (when using standard color) - applies for dark background
colors.
booksearchview.showpopup.
on.tree
Default is 1 (true). Whether to show the content of the topics in a
popup when hovering over the book search results list. Use 0 to turn it
off, 2 to show only when CTRL is pressed.
bkv.highlight.alpha.normal
Default is 140; alpha value (transparency level) of highlighting of
matched book modules tabs in book view (for normal matching)
bkv.highlight.alpha.fuzzy
Default is 60; alpha value (transparency level) of highlighting of
matched book modules tabs in book view (for fuzzy matching)
bkv.highlight.color.light.
normal
Default is yellow. Color for highlighting the book tabs (for normal
matching) - used for light colored themes (colors are in RGB decimal;
e.g. 2686948 is dark yellow, 2552040 is clear yellow; to use a color in
hex use windows calculator to convert to decimal, also reverse the
order of hex digits)
bkv.highlight.color.light.
fuzzy
Default is yellow. Color for highlighting the book tabs (for fuzzy
matching) - used for light colored themes
bkv.highlight.color.dark.
normal
Default is black. Color for highlighting the book tabs (for normal
matching) - used for dark colored themes
bkv.highlight.color.dark.
fuzzy
Default is dark gray. Color for highlighting the book tabs (for fuzzy
matching) - used for dark colored themes
bookview.showpopup.on.links Default is 1 (true). Whether to show popups for links in the Book view.
Use 0 to turn it off, 2 to show only when CTRL is pressed
auto.bookmark.pattern
Default is bkm%d. Pattern for suggesting bookmarks in Book view. Be
careful to properly use the number placeholder %d.
lang.hot.key
Default is 76 (L). Key for reloading the current language file (
CTRL+SHIFT+L is the combination)
cm.paste.hot.key
Default is 86 (V). Key for pasting back to clipboard recognized verse
from within the Clipboard monitor (CTRL+SHIFT+V is the combination)
bible.module.reload.hot.key Default is 82 (R). Key for reloading current Bible module (
CTRL+SHIFT+R is the combination)
160
restrict.popup.inapp
Default is 0 (false). Set to 1 (true) to restrict all popup windows (not
tips) within the area of the main window.
bkv.center.link.target
Default is 0 (false). Set to 1 to force the display of a link with a specific
bookmark to center the target topic in the reader (by default, when you
click on a link for which a bookmark is defined, then the reader scrolls
so that the bookmark appears at the top of the reader; this option will
scroll the reader so the bookmark appears at the vertical middle of the
reader).
clipboard.format.bible.
These three options control in which formats text is copied to the
unicode
clipboard. All three entries have a default value of 1 (true). Set to 0 to
clipboard.format.bible.rtf disallow the particular format to be copied to the clipboard. For
clipboard.format.bible.text
example, if you want to not copy rtf formatted text to the clipboard,
add to the config.ini the option clipboard.format.bible.rtf=0
clipboard.format.apply.to.
reader
Default is 0 (false). By default, the above three config options do not
apply for selected text that is copied from the Bible viewer. Set this to 1
to have these options apply for text copied directly from the Bible view
reader with mouse selection.
strong.format
This option allows you to customize the look of embedded strong
numbers in the Bible view text. Defatul value is "\super %s" (without
the quotes). The format is actually an rtf fragment. For example, the
setting "{\fs16 <%s>}" will render the Strong numbers within the <
and > symbols and with a font size of 8. The %s represents that actual
text (e.g. G1, H123, etc).
Be very careful because incorrect rtf syntax may cause the whole
rendering of the Bible text to get corrupted.
morph.format
Same as strong.format but allows you to customize the rendering of
morphological codes.
suppress.search.results.
highlight
Default is 0 (false). Set to 1 if you don't want the search results to be
highlighted in yellow.
suppress.search.results.
underline
Default is 0 (false). Set to 1 if you don't want the search results to have
the curly red underline.
popup.strong
Default is 1 (true). Set to 0 if you don't want the Strong numbers to
appear in popups, no matter if the current/active Bible view displays
them.
popup.morph
Default is 1 (true). Set to 0 if you don't want the morphological codes
numbers to appear in popups, no matter if the current/active Bible view
displays them.
Regular Expression Syntax
PCRE REGULAR EXPRESSION DETAILS
BACKSLASH
161
CIRCUMFLEX AND DOLLAR
FULL STOP (PERIOD, DOT)
MATCHING A SINGLE BYTE
SQUARE BRACKETS AND CHARACTER CLASSES
POSIX CHARACTER CLASSES
VERTICAL BAR
INTERNAL OPTION SETTING
SUBPATTERNS
NAMED SUBPATTERNS
REPETITION
ATOMIC GROUPING AND POSSESSIVE QUANTIFIERS
BACK REFERENCES
ASSERTIONS
CONDITIONAL SUBPATTERNS
COMMENTS
RECURSIVE PATTERNS
SUBPATTERNS AS SUBROUTINES
CALLOUTS
PCRE REGULAR EXPRESSION DETAILS
162
The syntax and semantics of the regular expressions supported by PCRE are described below. Regular
expressions are also described in the Perl documentation and in a number of books, some of which have
copious examples. Jeffrey Friedl's "Mastering Regular Expressions", published by O'Reilly, covers regular
expressions in great detail. This description of PCRE's regular expressions is intended as reference
material.
The original operation of PCRE was on strings of one-byte characters. However, there is now also support
for UTF-8 character strings. To use this, you must build PCRE to include UTF-8 support, and then call
pcre_compile() with the PCRE_UTF8 option. How this affects pattern matching is mentioned in several
places below. There is also a summary of UTF-8 features in the section on UTF-8 support in the main pcre
page.
A regular expression is a pattern that is matched against a subject string from left to right. Most
characters stand for themselves in a pattern, and match the corresponding characters in the subject. As a
trivial example, the pattern
The quick brown fox
matches a portion of a subject string that is identical to itself. The power of regular expressions comes
from the ability to include alternatives and repetitions in the pattern. These are encoded in the pattern by
the use of metacharacters, which do not stand for themselves but instead are interpreted in some special
way.
There are two different sets of metacharacters: those that are recognized anywhere in the pattern except
within square brackets, and those that are recognized in square brackets. Outside square brackets, the
metacharacters are as follows:
\
general escape character with several uses
^
assert start of string (or line, in multiline mode)
$
assert end of string (or line, in multiline mode)
.
match any character except newline (by default)
[
start character class definition
|
start of alternative branch
(
start subpattern
)
end subpattern
?
extends the meaning of (
also 0 or 1 quantifier
also quantifier minimizer
*
0 or more quantifier
+
1 or more quantifier
also "possessive quantifier"
{
start min/max quantifier
Part of a pattern that is in square brackets is called a "character class". In a character class the only
metacharacters are:
\
163
general escape character
^
negate the class, but only if the first character
-
indicates character range
[
POSIX character class (only if followed by POSIX syntax)
]
terminates the character class
The following sections describe the use of each of the metacharacters.
BACKSLASH
The backslash character has several uses. Firstly, if it is followed by a non-alphanumeric character, it takes
away any special meaning that character may have. This use of backslash as an escape character applies
both inside and outside character classes.
For example, if you want to match a * character, you write \* in the pattern. This escaping action applies
whether or not the following character would otherwise be interpreted as a metacharacter, so it is always
safe to precede a non-alphanumeric with backslash to specify that it stands for itself. In particular, if you
want to match a backslash, you write \\.
If a pattern is compiled with the PCRE_EXTENDED option, whitespace in the pattern (other than in a
character class) and characters between a # outside a character class and the next newline character are
ignored. An escaping backslash can be used to include a whitespace or # character as part of the pattern.
If you want to remove the special meaning from a sequence of characters, you can do so by putting them
between \Q and \E. This is different from Perl in that $ and @ are handled as literals in \Q...\E sequences
in PCRE, whereas in Perl, $ and @ cause variable interpolation. Note the following examples:
Pattern
PCRE matches
Perl matches
\Qabc$xyz\E
abc$xyz
abc followed by the contents of $xyz
\Qabc\$xyz\E
abc\$xyz
abc\$xyz
\Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E
abc$xyz
abc$xyz
The \Q...\E sequence is recognized both inside and outside character classes.
Non-printing characters
A second use of backslash provides a way of encoding non-printing characters in patterns in a visible
manner. There is no restriction on the appearance of non-printing characters, apart from the binary zero
that terminates a pattern, but when a pattern is being prepared by text editing, it is usually easier to use
one of the following escape sequences than the binary character it represents:
\a
alarm, that is, the BEL character (hex 07)
\cx
"control-x", where x is any character
\e
escape (hex 1B)
\f
formfeed (hex 0C)
\n
newline (hex 0A)
\r
carriage return (hex 0D)
\t
tab (hex 09)
\ddd
character with octal code ddd, or backreference
164
\xhh
character with hex code hh
\x{hhh..} character with hex code hhh... (UTF-8 mode only)
The precise effect of \cx is as follows: if x is a lower case letter, it is converted to upper case. Then bit 6 of
the character (hex 40) is inverted. Thus \cz becomes hex 1A, but \c{ becomes hex 3B, while \c; becomes
hex 7B.
After \x, from zero to two hexadecimal digits are read (letters can be in upper or lower case). In UTF-8
mode, any number of hexadecimal digits may appear between \x{ and }, but the value of the character
code must be less than 2**31 (that is, the maximum hexadecimal value is 7FFFFFFF). If characters other
than hexadecimal digits appear between \x{ and }, or if there is no terminating }, this form of escape is
not recognized. Instead, the initial \x will be interpreted as a basic hexadecimal escape, with no following
digits, giving a character whose value is zero.
Characters whose value is less than 256 can be defined by either of the two syntaxes for \x when PCRE is
in UTF-8 mode. There is no difference in the way they are handled. For example, \xdc is exactly the same
as \x{dc}.
After \0 up to two further octal digits are read. In both cases, if there are fewer than two digits, just those
that are present are used. Thus the sequence \0\x\07 specifies two binary zeros followed by a BEL
character (code value 7). Make sure you supply two digits after the initial zero if the pattern character that
follows is itself an octal digit.
The handling of a backslash followed by a digit other than 0 is complicated. Outside a character class,
PCRE reads it and any following digits as a decimal number. If the number is less than 10, or if there have
been at least that many previous capturing left parentheses in the expression, the entire sequence is taken
as a back reference. A description of how this works is given later, following the discussion of
parenthesized subpatterns.
Inside a character class, or if the decimal number is greater than 9 and there have not been that many
capturing subpatterns, PCRE re-reads up to three octal digits following the backslash, and generates a
single byte from the least significant 8 bits of the value. Any subsequent digits stand for themselves. For
example:
\040
is another way of writing a space
\40
is the same, provided there are fewer than 40 previous capturing subpatterns
\7
is always a back reference
\11
might be a back reference, or another way of writing a tab
\011
is always a tab
\0113
is a tab followed by the character "3"
\113
might be a back reference, otherwise the character with octal code 113
\377
might be a back reference, otherwise the byte consisting entirely of 1 bits
\81
is either a back reference, or a binary zero followed by the two characters "8" an
Note that octal values of 100 or greater must not be introduced by a leading zero, because no more than
three octal digits are ever read.
All the sequences that define a single byte value or a single UTF-8 character (in UTF-8 mode) can be used
165
both inside and outside character classes. In addition, inside a character class, the sequence \b is
interpreted as the backspace character (hex 08), and the sequence \X is interpreted as the character "X".
Outside a character class, these sequences have different meanings (see below).
Generic character types
The third use of backslash is for specifying generic character types. The following are always recognized:
\d
any decimal digit
\D
any character that is not a decimal digit
\s
any whitespace character
\S
any character that is not a whitespace character
\w
any "word" character
\W
any "non-word" character
Each pair of escape sequences partitions the complete set of characters into two disjoint sets. Any given
character matches one, and only one, of each pair.
These character type sequences can appear both inside and outside character classes. They each match
one character of the appropriate type. If the current matching point is at the end of the subject string, all
of them fail, since there is no character to match.
For compatibility with Perl, \s does not match the VT character (code 11). This makes it different from the
the POSIX "space" class. The \s characters are HT (9), LF (10), FF (12), CR (13), and space (32).
A "word" character is an underscore or any character less than 256 that is a letter or digit. The definition
of letters and digits is controlled by PCRE's low-valued character tables, and may vary if locale-specific
matching is taking place. For example, in the "fr_FR" (French) locale, some character codes greater than
128 are used for accented letters, and these are matched by \w.
In UTF-8 mode, characters with values greater than 128 never match \d, \s, or \w, and always match \D,
\S, and \W. This is true even when Unicode character property support is available.
Unicode character properties
When PCRE is built with Unicode character property support, three additional escape sequences to match
generic character types are available when UTF-8 mode is selected. They are:
\p{xx}
a character with the xx property
\P{xx}
a character without the xx property
\X
an extended Unicode sequence
The property names represented by xx above are limited to the Unicode general category properties.
Each character has exactly one such property, specified by a two-letter abbreviation. For compatibility
with Perl, negation can be specified by including a circumflex between the opening brace and the
property name. For example, \p{^Lu} is the same as \P{Lu}.
166
If only one letter is specified with \p or \P, it includes all the properties that start with that letter. In this
case, in the absence of negation, the curly brackets in the escape sequence are optional; these two
examples have the same effect:
\p{L}
\pL
The following property codes are supported:
167
C
Other
Cc
Control
Cf
Format
Cn
Unassigned
Co
Private use
Cs
Surrogate
L
Letter
Ll
Lower case letter
Lm
Modifier letter
Lo
Other letter
Lt
Title case letter
Lu
Upper case letter
M
Mark
Mc
Spacing mark
Me
Enclosing mark
Mn
Non-spacing mark
N
Number
Nd
Decimal number
Nl
Letter number
No
Other number
P
Punctuation
Pc
Connector punctuation
Pd
Dash punctuation
Pe
Close punctuation
Pf
Final punctuation
Pi
Initial punctuation
Po
Other punctuation
Ps
Open punctuation
S
Symbol
Sc
Currency symbol
Sk
Modifier symbol
Sm
Mathematical symbol
So
Other symbol
Z
Separator
Zl
Line separator
Zp
Paragraph separator
Zs
Space separator
Extended properties such as "Greek" or "InMusicalSymbols" are not supported by PCRE.
Specifying caseless matching does not affect these escape sequences. For example, \p{Lu} always
matches only upper case letters.
The \X escape matches any number of Unicode characters that form an extended Unicode sequence. \X is
equivalent to
(?>\PM\pM*)
That is, it matches a character without the "mark" property, followed by zero or more characters with the
"mark" property, and treats the sequence as an atomic group (see below). Characters with the "mark"
property are typically accents that affect the preceding character.
Matching characters by Unicode property is not fast, because PCRE has to search a structure that
contains data for over fifteen thousand characters. That is why the traditional escape sequences such
as \d and \w do not use Unicode properties in PCRE.
Simple assertions
The fourth use of backslash is for certain simple assertions. An assertion specifies a condition that has to
be met at a particular point in a match, without consuming any characters from the subject string. The use
of subpatterns for more complicated assertions is described below. The backslashed assertions are:
\b
matches at a word boundary
\B
matches when not at a word boundary
\A
matches at start of subject
\Z
matches at end of subject or before newline at end
\z
matches at end of subject
\G
matches at first matching position in subject
These assertions may not appear in character classes (but note that \b has a different meaning, namely
the backspace character, inside a character class).
A word boundary is a position in the subject string where the current character and the previous
character do not both match \w or \W (i.e. one matches \w and the other matches \W), or the start or end
of the string if the first or last character matches \w, respectively.
The \A, \Z, and \z assertions differ from the traditional circumflex and dollar (described in the next
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section) in that they only ever match at the very start and end of the subject string, whatever options are
set. Thus, they are independent of multiline mode. These three assertions are not affected by the
PCRE_NOTBOL or PCRE_NOTEOL options, which affect only the behaviour of the circumflex and dollar
metacharacters. However, if the startoffset argument of pcre_exec() is non-zero, indicating that matching
is to start at a point other than the beginning of the subject, \A can never match. The difference
between \Z and \z is that \Z matches before a newline that is the last character of the string as well as at
the end of the string, whereas \z matches only at the end.
The \G assertion is true only when the current matching position is at the start point of the match, as
specified by the startoffset argument of pcre_exec(). It differs from \A when the value of startoffset is nonzero. By calling pcre_exec() multiple times with appropriate arguments, you can mimic Perl's /g option,
and it is in this kind of implementation where \G can be useful.
Note, however, that PCRE's interpretation of \G, as the start of the current match, is subtly different from
Perl's, which defines it as the end of the previous match. In Perl, these can be different when the
previously matched string was empty. Because PCRE does just one match at a time, it cannot reproduce
this behaviour.
If all the alternatives of a pattern begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the starting match position,
and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled regular expression.
CIRCUMFLEX AND DOLLAR
Outside a character class, in the default matching mode, the circumflex character is an assertion that is
true only if the current matching point is at the start of the subject string. If the startoffset argument of
pcre_exec() is non-zero, circumflex can never match if the PCRE_MULTILINE option is unset. Inside a
character class, circumflex has an entirely different meaning (see below).
Circumflex need not be the first character of the pattern if a number of alternatives are involved, but it
should be the first thing in each alternative in which it appears if the pattern is ever to match that branch.
If all possible alternatives start with a circumflex, that is, if the pattern is constrained to match only at the
start of the subject, it is said to be an "anchored" pattern. (There are also other constructs that can cause
a pattern to be anchored.)
A dollar character is an assertion that is true only if the current matching point is at the end of the subject
string, or immediately before a newline character that is the last character in the string (by default). Dollar
need not be the last character of the pattern if a number of alternatives are involved, but it should be the
last item in any branch in which it appears. Dollar has no special meaning in a character class.
The meaning of dollar can be changed so that it matches only at the very end of the string, by setting the
PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option at compile time. This does not affect the \Z assertion.
The meanings of the circumflex and dollar characters are changed if the PCRE_MULTILINE option is set.
When this is the case, they match immediately after and immediately before an internal newline character,
respectively, in addition to matching at the start and end of the subject string. For example, the pattern /
^abc$/ matches the subject string "def\nabc" (where \n represents a newline character) in multiline mode,
but not otherwise. Consequently, patterns that are anchored in single line mode because all branches
start with ^ are not anchored in multiline mode, and a match for circumflex is possible when the startoffset
argument of pcre_exec() is non-zero. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option is ignored if PCRE_MULTILINE
169
is set.
Note that the sequences \A, \Z, and \z can be used to match the start and end of the subject in both
modes, and if all branches of a pattern start with \A it is always anchored, whether PCRE_MULTILINE is set
or not.
FULL STOP (PERIOD, DOT)
Outside a character class, a dot in the pattern matches any one character in the subject, including a nonprinting character, but not (by default) newline. In UTF-8 mode, a dot matches any UTF-8 character, which
might be more than one byte long, except (by default) newline. If the PCRE_DOTALL option is set, dots
match newlines as well. The handling of dot is entirely independent of the handling of circumflex and
dollar, the only relationship being that they both involve newline characters. Dot has no special meaning
in a character class.
MATCHING A SINGLE BYTE
Outside a character class, the escape sequence \C matches any one byte, both in and out of UTF-8 mode.
Unlike a dot, it can match a newline. The feature is provided in Perl in order to match individual bytes in
UTF-8 mode. Because it breaks up UTF-8 characters into individual bytes, what remains in the string may
be a malformed UTF-8 string. For this reason, the \C escape sequence is best avoided.
PCRE does not allow \C to appear in lookbehind assertions (described below), because in UTF-8 mode
this would make it impossible to calculate the length of the lookbehind.
SQUARE BRACKETS AND CHARACTER CLASSES
An opening square bracket introduces a character class, terminated by a closing square bracket. A
closing square bracket on its own is not special. If a closing square bracket is required as a member of
the class, it should be the first data character in the class (after an initial circumflex, if present) or escaped
with a backslash.
A character class matches a single character in the subject. In UTF-8 mode, the character may occupy
more than one byte. A matched character must be in the set of characters defined by the class, unless the
first character in the class definition is a circumflex, in which case the subject character must not be in the
set defined by the class. If a circumflex is actually required as a member of the class, ensure it is not the
first character, or escape it with a backslash.
For example, the character class [aeiou] matches any lower case vowel, while [^aeiou] matches any
character that is not a lower case vowel. Note that a circumflex is just a convenient notation for specifying
the characters that are in the class by enumerating those that are not. A class that starts with a circumflex
is not an assertion: it still consumes a character from the subject string, and therefore it fails if the current
pointer is at the end of the string.
In UTF-8 mode, characters with values greater than 255 can be included in a class as a literal string of
bytes, or by using the \x{ escaping mechanism.
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When caseless matching is set, any letters in a class represent both their upper case and lower case
versions, so for example, a caseless [aeiou] matches "A" as well as "a", and a caseless [^aeiou] does not
match "A", whereas a caseful version would. When running in UTF-8 mode, PCRE supports the concept of
case for characters with values greater than 128 only when it is compiled with Unicode property support.
The newline character is never treated in any special way in character classes, whatever the setting of the
PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE options is. A class such as [^a] will always match a newline.
The minus (hyphen) character can be used to specify a range of characters in a character class. For
example, [d-m] matches any letter between d and m, inclusive. If a minus character is required in a class, it
must be escaped with a backslash or appear in a position where it cannot be interpreted as indicating a
range, typically as the first or last character in the class.
It is not possible to have the literal character "]" as the end character of a range. A pattern such as [W-]
46] is interpreted as a class of two characters ("W" and "-") followed by a literal string "46]", so it would
match "W46]" or "-46]". However, if the "]" is escaped with a backslash it is interpreted as the end of
range, so [W-\]46] is interpreted as a class containing a range followed by two other characters. The octal
or hexadecimal representation of "]" can also be used to end a range.
Ranges operate in the collating sequence of character values. They can also be used for characters
specified numerically, for example [\000-\037]. In UTF-8 mode, ranges can include characters whose
values are greater than 255, for example [\x{100}-\x{2ff}].
If a range that includes letters is used when caseless matching is set, it matches the letters in either case.
For example, [W-c] is equivalent to [][\\^_`wxyzabc], matched caselessly, and in non-UTF-8 mode, if
character tables for the "fr_FR" locale are in use, [\xc8-\xcb] matches accented E characters in both cases.
In UTF-8 mode, PCRE supports the concept of case for characters with values greater than 128 only when
it is compiled with Unicode property support.
The character types \d, \D, \p, \P, \s, \S, \w, and \W may also appear in a character class, and add the
characters that they match to the class. For example, [\dABCDEF] matches any hexadecimal digit. A
circumflex can conveniently be used with the upper case character types to specify a more restricted set
of characters than the matching lower case type. For example, the class [^\W_] matches any letter or digit,
but not underscore.
The only metacharacters that are recognized in character classes are backslash, hyphen (only where it can
be interpreted as specifying a range), circumflex (only at the start), opening square bracket (only when it
can be interpreted as introducing a POSIX class name - see the next section), and the terminating closing
square bracket. However, escaping other non-alphanumeric characters does no harm.
POSIX CHARACTER CLASSES
Perl supports the POSIX notation for character classes. This uses names enclosed by [: and :] within the
enclosing square brackets. PCRE also supports this notation. For example,
[01[:alpha:]%]
matches "0", "1", any alphabetic character, or "%". The supported class names are
alnum
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letters and digits
alpha
letters
ascii
character codes 0 - 127
blank
space or tab only
cntrl
control characters
digit
decimal digits (same as \d)
graph
printing characters, excluding space
lower
lower case letters
print
printing characters, including space
punct
printing characters, excluding letters and digits
space
white space (not quite the same as \s)
upper
upper case letters
word
"word" characters (same as \w)
xdigit
hexadecimal digits
The "space" characters are HT (9), LF (10), VT (11), FF (12), CR (13), and space (32). Notice that this list
includes the VT character (code 11). This makes "space" different to \s, which does not include VT (for Perl
compatibility).
The name "word" is a Perl extension, and "blank" is a GNU extension from Perl 5.8. Another Perl extension
is negation, which is indicated by a ^ character after the colon. For example,
[12[:^digit:]]
matches "1", "2", or any non-digit. PCRE (and Perl) also recognize the POSIX syntax [.ch.] and [=ch=]
where "ch" is a "collating element", but these are not supported, and an error is given if they are
encountered.
In UTF-8 mode, characters with values greater than 128 do not match any of the POSIX character classes.
VERTICAL BAR
Vertical bar characters are used to separate alternative patterns. For example, the pattern
gilbert|sullivan
matches either "gilbert" or "sullivan". Any number of alternatives may appear, and an empty alternative is
permitted (matching the empty string). The matching process tries each alternative in turn, from left to
right, and the first one that succeeds is used. If the alternatives are within a subpattern (defined below),
"succeeds" means matching the rest of the main pattern as well as the alternative in the subpattern.
INTERNAL OPTION SETTING
The settings of the PCRE_CASELESS, PCRE_MULTILINE, PCRE_DOTALL, and PCRE_EXTENDED options can
be changed from within the pattern by a sequence of Perl option letters enclosed between "(?" and ")".
The option letters are
i
for PCRE_CASELESS
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m
for PCRE_MULTILINE
s
for PCRE_DOTALL
x
for PCRE_EXTENDED
For example, (?im) sets caseless, multiline matching. It is also possible to unset these options by
preceding the letter with a hyphen, and a combined setting and unsetting such as (?im-sx), which sets
PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE while unsetting PCRE_DOTALL and PCRE_EXTENDED, is also
permitted. If a letter appears both before and after the hyphen, the option is unset.
When an option change occurs at top level (that is, not inside subpattern parentheses), the change
applies to the remainder of the pattern that follows. If the change is placed right at the start of a pattern,
PCRE extracts it into the global options (and it will therefore show up in data extracted by the
pcre_fullinfo() function).
An option change within a subpattern affects only that part of the current pattern that follows it, so
(a(?i)b)c
matches abc and aBc and no other strings (assuming PCRE_CASELESS is not used). By this means, options
can be made to have different settings in different parts of the pattern. Any changes made in one
alternative do carry on into subsequent branches within the same subpattern. For example,
(a(?i)b|c)
matches "ab", "aB", "c", and "C", even though when matching "C" the first branch is abandoned before the
option setting. This is because the effects of option settings happen at compile time. There would be
some very weird behaviour otherwise.
The PCRE-specific options PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA can be changed in the same way as the
Perl-compatible options by using the characters U and X respectively. The (?X) flag setting is special in
that it must always occur earlier in the pattern than any of the additional features it turns on, even when it
is at top level. It is best to put it at the start.
SUBPATTERNS
Subpatterns are delimited by parentheses (round brackets), which can be nested. Turning part of a
pattern into a subpattern does two things:
1. It localizes a set of alternatives. For example, the pattern
cat(aract|erpillar|)
matches one of the words "cat", "cataract", or "caterpillar". Without the parentheses, it would match
"cataract", "erpillar" or the empty string.
2. It sets up the subpattern as a capturing subpattern. This means that, when the whole pattern matches,
that portion of the subject string that matched the subpattern is passed back to the caller via the ovector
argument of pcre_exec(). Opening parentheses are counted from left to right (starting from 1) to obtain
numbers for the capturing subpatterns.
For example, if the string "the red king" is matched against the pattern
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the ((red|white) (king|queen))
the captured substrings are "red king", "red", and "king", and are numbered 1, 2, and 3, respectively.
The fact that plain parentheses fulfil two functions is not always helpful. There are often times when a
grouping subpattern is required without a capturing requirement. If an opening parenthesis is followed
by a question mark and a colon, the subpattern does not do any capturing, and is not counted when
computing the number of any subsequent capturing subpatterns. For example, if the string "the white
queen" is matched against the pattern
the ((?:red|white) (king|queen))
the captured substrings are "white queen" and "queen", and are numbered 1 and 2. The maximum
number of capturing subpatterns is 65535, and the maximum depth of nesting of all subpatterns, both
capturing and non-capturing, is 200.
As a convenient shorthand, if any option settings are required at the start of a non-capturing subpattern,
the option letters may appear between the "?" and the ":". Thus the two patterns
(?i:saturday|sunday)
(?:(?i)saturday|sunday)
match exactly the same set of strings. Because alternative branches are tried from left to right, and
options are not reset until the end of the subpattern is reached, an option setting in one branch does
affect subsequent branches, so the above patterns match "SUNDAY" as well as "Saturday".
NAMED SUBPATTERNS
Identifying capturing parentheses by number is simple, but it can be very hard to keep track of the
numbers in complicated regular expressions. Furthermore, if an expression is modified, the numbers may
change. To help with this difficulty, PCRE supports the naming of subpatterns, something that Perl does
not provide. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is used. Names consist of alphanumeric characters and
underscores, and must be unique within a pattern.
Named capturing parentheses are still allocated numbers as well as names. The PCRE API provides
function calls for extracting the name-to-number translation table from a compiled pattern. There is also
a convenience function for extracting a captured substring by name. For further details see the pcreapi
documentation.
REPETITION
Repetition is specified by quantifiers, which can follow any of the following items:
a literal data character
the . metacharacter
the \C escape sequence
the \X escape sequence (in UTF-8 mode with Unicode properties)
an escape such as \d that matches a single character
a character class
a back reference (see next section)
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a parenthesized subpattern (unless it is an assertion)
The general repetition quantifier specifies a minimum and maximum number of permitted matches, by
giving the two numbers in curly brackets (braces), separated by a comma. The numbers must be less than
65536, and the first must be less than or equal to the second. For example:
z{2,4}
matches "zz", "zzz", or "zzzz". A closing brace on its own is not a special character. If the second number
is omitted, but the comma is present, there is no upper limit; if the second number and the comma are
both omitted, the quantifier specifies an exact number of required matches. Thus
[aeiou]{3,}
matches at least 3 successive vowels, but may match many more, while
\d{8}
matches exactly 8 digits. An opening curly bracket that appears in a position where a quantifier is not
allowed, or one that does not match the syntax of a quantifier, is taken as a literal character. For example,
{,6} is not a quantifier, but a literal string of four characters.
In UTF-8 mode, quantifiers apply to UTF-8 characters rather than to individual bytes. Thus, for example, \x
{100}{2} matches two UTF-8 characters, each of which is represented by a two-byte sequence. Similarly,
when Unicode property support is available, \X{3} matches three Unicode extended sequences, each of
which may be several bytes long (and they may be of different lengths).
The quantifier {0} is permitted, causing the expression to behave as if the previous item and the quantifier
were not present.
For convenience (and historical compatibility) the three most common quantifiers have single-character
abbreviations:
*
is equivalent to {0,}
+
is equivalent to {1,}
?
is equivalent to {0,1}
It is possible to construct infinite loops by following a subpattern that can match no characters with a
quantifier that has no upper limit, for example:
(a?)*
Earlier versions of Perl and PCRE used to give an error at compile time for such patterns. However,
because there are cases where this can be useful, such patterns are now accepted, but if any repetition of
the subpattern does in fact match no characters, the loop is forcibly broken.
By default, the quantifiers are "greedy", that is, they match as much as possible (up to the maximum
number of permitted times), without causing the rest of the pattern to fail. The classic example of where
this gives problems is in trying to match comments in C programs. These appear between /* and */ and
within the comment, individual * and / characters may appear. An attempt to match C comments by
applying the pattern
/\*.*\*/
to the string
/* first comment */
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not comment
/* second comment */
fails, because it matches the entire string owing to the greediness of the .* item.
However, if a quantifier is followed by a question mark, it ceases to be greedy, and instead matches the
minimum number of times possible, so the pattern
/\*.*?\*/
does the right thing with the C comments. The meaning of the various quantifiers is not otherwise
changed, just the preferred number of matches. Do not confuse this use of question mark with its use as
a quantifier in its own right. Because it has two uses, it can sometimes appear doubled, as in
\d??\d
which matches one digit by preference, but can match two if that is the only way the rest of the pattern
matches.
If the PCRE_UNGREEDY option is set (an option which is not available in Perl), the quantifiers are not
greedy by default, but individual ones can be made greedy by following them with a question mark. In
other words, it inverts the default behaviour.
When a parenthesized subpattern is quantified with a minimum repeat count that is greater than 1 or with
a limited maximum, more memory is required for the compiled pattern, in proportion to the size of the
minimum or maximum.
If a pattern starts with .* or .{0,} and the PCRE_DOTALL option (equivalent to Perl's /s) is set, thus allowing
the . to match newlines, the pattern is implicitly anchored, because whatever follows will be tried against
every character position in the subject string, so there is no point in retrying the overall match at any
position after the first. PCRE normally treats such a pattern as though it were preceded by \A.
In cases where it is known that the subject string contains no newlines, it is worth setting PCRE_DOTALL in
order to obtain this optimization, or alternatively using ^ to indicate anchoring explicitly.
However, there is one situation where the optimization cannot be used. When .* is inside capturing
parentheses that are the subject of a backreference elsewhere in the pattern, a match at the start may fail,
and a later one succeed. Consider, for example:
(.*)abc\1
If the subject is "xyz123abc123" the match point is the fourth character. For this reason, such a pattern is
not implicitly anchored.
When a capturing subpattern is repeated, the value captured is the substring that matched the final
iteration. For example, after
(tweedle[dume]{3}\s*)+
has matched "tweedledum tweedledee" the value of the captured substring is "tweedledee". However, if
there are nested capturing subpatterns, the corresponding captured values may have been set in
previous iterations. For example, after
/(a|(b))+/
matches "aba" the value of the second captured substring is "b".
ATOMIC GROUPING AND POSSESSIVE QUANTIFIERS
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With both maximizing and minimizing repetition, failure of what follows normally causes the repeated item
to be re-evaluated to see if a different number of repeats allows the rest of the pattern to match.
Sometimes it is useful to prevent this, either to change the nature of the match, or to cause it fail earlier
than it otherwise might, when the author of the pattern knows there is no point in carrying on.
Consider, for example, the pattern \d+foo when applied to the subject line
123456bar
After matching all 6 digits and then failing to match "foo", the normal action of the matcher is to try again
with only 5 digits matching the \d+ item, and then with 4, and so on, before ultimately failing. "Atomic
grouping" (a term taken from Jeffrey Friedl's book) provides the means for specifying that once a
subpattern has matched, it is not to be re-evaluated in this way.
If we use atomic grouping for the previous example, the matcher would give up immediately on failing to
match "foo" the first time. The notation is a kind of special parenthesis, starting with (?> as in this
example:
(?>\d+)foo
This kind of parenthesis "locks up" the part of the pattern it contains once it has matched, and a failure
further into the pattern is prevented from backtracking into it. Backtracking past it to previous items,
however, works as normal.
An alternative description is that a subpattern of this type matches the string of characters that an
identical standalone pattern would match, if anchored at the current point in the subject string.
Atomic grouping subpatterns are not capturing subpatterns. Simple cases such as the above example can
be thought of as a maximizing repeat that must swallow everything it can. So, while both \d+ and \d+?
are prepared to adjust the number of digits they match in order to make the rest of the pattern match, (?
>\d+) can only match an entire sequence of digits.
Atomic groups in general can of course contain arbitrarily complicated subpatterns, and can be nested.
However, when the subpattern for an atomic group is just a single repeated item, as in the example
above, a simpler notation, called a "possessive quantifier" can be used. This consists of an additional +
character following a quantifier. Using this notation, the previous example can be rewritten as
\d++foo
Possessive quantifiers are always greedy; the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option is ignored. They are
a convenient notation for the simpler forms of atomic group. However, there is no difference in the
meaning or processing of a possessive quantifier and the equivalent atomic group.
The possessive quantifier syntax is an extension to the Perl syntax. It originates in Sun's Java package.
When a pattern contains an unlimited repeat inside a subpattern that can itself be repeated an unlimited
number of times, the use of an atomic group is the only way to avoid some failing matches taking a very
long time indeed. The pattern
(\D+|<\d+>)*[!?]
matches an unlimited number of substrings that either consist of non-digits, or digits enclosed in <>,
followed by either ! or ?. When it matches, it runs quickly. However, if it is applied to
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aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
it takes a long time before reporting failure. This is because the string can be divided between the
internal \D+ repeat and the external * repeat in a large number of ways, and all have to be tried. (The
example uses [!?] rather than a single character at the end, because both PCRE and Perl have an
optimization that allows for fast failure when a single character is used. They remember the last single
character that is required for a match, and fail early if it is not present in the string.) If the pattern is
changed so that it uses an atomic group, like this:
((?>\D+)|<\d+>)*[!?]
sequences of non-digits cannot be broken, and failure happens quickly.
BACK REFERENCES
Outside a character class, a backslash followed by a digit greater than 0 (and possibly further digits) is a
back reference to a capturing subpattern earlier (that is, to its left) in the pattern, provided there have
been that many previous capturing left parentheses.
However, if the decimal number following the backslash is less than 10, it is always taken as a back
reference, and causes an error only if there are not that many capturing left parentheses in the entire
pattern. In other words, the parentheses that are referenced need not be to the left of the reference for
numbers less than 10. See the subsection entitled "Non-printing characters" above for further details of
the handling of digits following a backslash.
A back reference matches whatever actually matched the capturing subpattern in the current subject
string, rather than anything matching the subpattern itself (see "Subpatterns as subroutines" below for a
way of doing that). So the pattern
(sens|respons)e and \1ibility
matches "sense and sensibility" and "response and responsibility", but not "sense and responsibility". If
caseful matching is in force at the time of the back reference, the case of letters is relevant. For example,
((?i)rah)\s+\1
matches "rah rah" and "RAH RAH", but not "RAH rah", even though the original capturing subpattern is
matched caselessly.
Back references to named subpatterns use the Python syntax (?P=name). We could rewrite the above
example as follows:
(?<p1>(?i)rah)\s+(?P=p1)
There may be more than one back reference to the same subpattern. If a subpattern has not actually
been used in a particular match, any back references to it always fail. For example, the pattern
(a|(bc))\2
always fails if it starts to match "a" rather than "bc". Because there may be many capturing parentheses in
a pattern, all digits following the backslash are taken as part of a potential back reference number. If the
pattern continues with a digit character, some delimiter must be used to terminate the back reference. If
the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, this can be whitespace. Otherwise an empty comment (see
"Comments" below) can be used.
A back reference that occurs inside the parentheses to which it refers fails when the subpattern is first
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used, so, for example, (a\1) never matches. However, such references can be useful inside repeated
subpatterns. For example, the pattern
(a|b\1)+
matches any number of "a"s and also "aba", "ababbaa" etc. At each iteration of the subpattern, the back
reference matches the character string corresponding to the previous iteration. In order for this to work,
the pattern must be such that the first iteration does not need to match the back reference. This can be
done using alternation, as in the example above, or by a quantifier with a minimum of zero.
ASSERTIONS
An assertion is a test on the characters following or preceding the current matching point that does not
actually consume any characters. The simple assertions coded as \b, \B, \A, \G, \Z, \z, ^ and $ are
described above.
More complicated assertions are coded as subpatterns. There are two kinds: those that look ahead of the
current position in the subject string, and those that look behind it. An assertion subpattern is matched in
the normal way, except that it does not cause the current matching position to be changed.
Assertion subpatterns are not capturing subpatterns, and may not be repeated, because it makes no
sense to assert the same thing several times. If any kind of assertion contains capturing subpatterns within
it, these are counted for the purposes of numbering the capturing subpatterns in the whole pattern.
However, substring capturing is carried out only for positive assertions, because it does not make sense
for negative assertions.
Lookahead assertions
Lookahead assertions start with (?= for positive assertions and (?! for negative assertions. For example,
\w+(?=;)
matches a word followed by a semicolon, but does not include the semicolon in the match, and
foo(?!bar)
matches any occurrence of "foo" that is not followed by "bar". Note that the apparently similar pattern
(?!foo)bar
does not find an occurrence of "bar" that is preceded by something other than "foo"; it finds any
occurrence of "bar" whatsoever, because the assertion (?!foo) is always true when the next three
characters are "bar". A lookbehind assertion is needed to achieve the other effect.
If you want to force a matching failure at some point in a pattern, the most convenient way to do it is with
(?!) because an empty string always matches, so an assertion that requires there not to be an empty
string must always fail.
Lookbehind assertions
Lookbehind assertions start with (?<= for positive assertions and (?<! for negative assertions. For
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example,
(?<!foo)bar
does find an occurrence of "bar" that is not preceded by "foo". The contents of a lookbehind assertion
are restricted such that all the strings it matches must have a fixed length. However, if there are several
alternatives, they do not all have to have the same fixed length. Thus
(?<=bullock|donkey)
is permitted, but
(?<!dogs?|cats?)
causes an error at compile time. Branches that match different length strings are permitted only at the top
level of a lookbehind assertion. This is an extension compared with Perl (at least for 5.8), which requires
all branches to match the same length of string. An assertion such as
(?<=ab(c|de))
is not permitted, because its single top-level branch can match two different lengths, but it is acceptable if
rewritten to use two top-level branches:
(?<=abc|abde)
The implementation of lookbehind assertions is, for each alternative, to temporarily move the current
position back by the fixed width and then try to match. If there are insufficient characters before the
current position, the match is deemed to fail.
PCRE does not allow the \C escape (which matches a single byte in UTF-8 mode) to appear in lookbehind
assertions, because it makes it impossible to calculate the length of the lookbehind. The \X escape, which
can match different numbers of bytes, is also not permitted.
Atomic groups can be used in conjunction with lookbehind assertions to specify efficient matching at the
end of the subject string. Consider a simple pattern such as
abcd$
when applied to a long string that does not match. Because matching proceeds from left to right, PCRE
will look for each "a" in the subject and then see if what follows matches the rest of the pattern. If the
pattern is specified as
^.*abcd$
the initial .* matches the entire string at first, but when this fails (because there is no following "a"), it
backtracks to match all but the last character, then all but the last two characters, and so on. Once again
the search for "a" covers the entire string, from right to left, so we are no better off. However, if the
pattern is written as
^(?>.*)(?<=abcd)
or, equivalently, using the possessive quantifier syntax,
^.*+(?<=abcd)
there can be no backtracking for the .* item; it can match only the entire string. The subsequent
lookbehind assertion does a single test on the last four characters. If it fails, the match fails immediately.
For long strings, this approach makes a significant difference to the processing time.
Using multiple assertions
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Several assertions (of any sort) may occur in succession. For example,
(?<=\d{3})(?<!999)foo
matches "foo" preceded by three digits that are not "999". Notice that each of the assertions is applied
independently at the same point in the subject string. First there is a check that the previous three
characters are all digits, and then there is a check that the same three characters are not "999". This
pattern does not match "foo" preceded by six characters, the first of which are digits and the last three of
which are not "999". For example, it doesn't match "123abcfoo". A pattern to do that is
(?<=\d{3}...)(?<!999)foo
This time the first assertion looks at the preceding six characters, checking that the first three are digits,
and then the second assertion checks that the preceding three characters are not "999".
Assertions can be nested in any combination. For example,
(?<=(?<!foo)bar)baz
matches an occurrence of "baz" that is preceded by "bar" which in turn is not preceded by "foo", while
(?<=\d{3}(?!999)...)foo
is another pattern that matches "foo" preceded by three digits and any three characters that are not
"999".
CONDITIONAL SUBPATTERNS
It is possible to cause the matching process to obey a subpattern conditionally or to choose between two
alternative subpatterns, depending on the result of an assertion, or whether a previous capturing
subpattern matched or not. The two possible forms of conditional subpattern are
(?(condition)yes-pattern)
(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)
If the condition is satisfied, the yes-pattern is used; otherwise the no-pattern (if present) is used. If there
are more than two alternatives in the subpattern, a compile-time error occurs.
There are three kinds of condition. If the text between the parentheses consists of a sequence of digits,
the condition is satisfied if the capturing subpattern of that number has previously matched. The number
must be greater than zero. Consider the following pattern, which contains non-significant white space to
make it more readable (assume the PCRE_EXTENDED option) and to divide it into three parts for ease of
discussion:
( \( )?
[^()]+
(?(1) \) )
The first part matches an optional opening parenthesis, and if that character is present, sets it as the first
captured substring. The second part matches one or more characters that are not parentheses. The third
part is a conditional subpattern that tests whether the first set of parentheses matched or not. If they did,
that is, if subject started with an opening parenthesis, the condition is true, and so the yes-pattern is
executed and a closing parenthesis is required. Otherwise, since no-pattern is not present, the subpattern
matches nothing. In other words, this pattern matches a sequence of non-parentheses, optionally
enclosed in parentheses.
If the condition is the string (R), it is satisfied if a recursive call to the pattern or subpattern has been
made. At "top level", the condition is false. This is a PCRE extension. Recursive patterns are described in
the next section.
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If the condition is not a sequence of digits or (R), it must be an assertion. This may be a positive or
negative lookahead or lookbehind assertion. Consider this pattern, again containing non-significant white
space, and with the two alternatives on the second line:
(?(?=[^a-z]*[a-z])
\d{2}-[a-z]{3}-\d{2}
|
\d{2}-\d{2}-\d{2} )
The condition is a positive lookahead assertion that matches an optional sequence of non-letters followed
by a letter. In other words, it tests for the presence of at least one letter in the subject. If a letter is found,
the subject is matched against the first alternative; otherwise it is matched against the second. This
pattern matches strings in one of the two forms dd-aaa-dd or dd-dd-dd, where aaa are letters and dd
are digits.
COMMENTS
The sequence (?# marks the start of a comment that continues up to the next closing parenthesis. Nested
parentheses are not permitted. The characters that make up a comment play no part in the pattern
matching at all.
If the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, an unescaped # character outside a character class introduces a
comment that continues up to the next newline character in the pattern.
RECURSIVE PATTERNS
Consider the problem of matching a string in parentheses, allowing for unlimited nested parentheses.
Without the use of recursion, the best that can be done is to use a pattern that matches up to some fixed
depth of nesting. It is not possible to handle an arbitrary nesting depth. Perl provides a facility that allows
regular expressions to recurse (amongst other things). It does this by interpolating Perl code in the
expression at run time, and the code can refer to the expression itself. A Perl pattern to solve the
parentheses problem can be created like this:
$re = qr{\( (?: (?>[^()]+) | (?p{$re}) )* \)}x;
The (?p{...}) item interpolates Perl code at run time, and in this case refers recursively to the pattern in
which it appears. Obviously, PCRE cannot support the interpolation of Perl code. Instead, it supports
some special syntax for recursion of the entire pattern, and also for individual subpattern recursion.
The special item that consists of (? followed by a number greater than zero and a closing parenthesis is a
recursive call of the subpattern of the given number, provided that it occurs inside that subpattern. (If not,
it is a "subroutine" call, which is described in the next section.) The special item (?R) is a recursive call of
the entire regular expression.
For example, this PCRE pattern solves the nested parentheses problem (assume the PCRE_EXTENDED
option is set so that white space is ignored):
\( ( (?>[^()]+) | (?R) )* \)
First it matches an opening parenthesis. Then it matches any number of substrings which can either be a
sequence of non-parentheses, or a recursive match of the pattern itself (that is a correctly parenthesized
substring). Finally there is a closing parenthesis.
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If this were part of a larger pattern, you would not want to recurse the entire pattern, so instead you
could use this:
( \( ( (?>[^()]+) | (?1) )* \) )
We have put the pattern into parentheses, and caused the recursion to refer to them instead of the whole
pattern. In a larger pattern, keeping track of parenthesis numbers can be tricky. It may be more
convenient to use named parentheses instead. For this, PCRE uses (?P>name), which is an extension to the
Python syntax that PCRE uses for named parentheses (Perl does not provide named parentheses). We
could rewrite the above example as follows:
(?P<pn> \( ( (?>[^()]+) | (?P>pn) )* \) )
This particular example pattern contains nested unlimited repeats, and so the use of atomic grouping for
matching strings of non-parentheses is important when applying the pattern to strings that do not match.
For example, when this pattern is applied to
(aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa()
it yields "no match" quickly. However, if atomic grouping is not used, the match runs for a very long time
indeed because there are so many different ways the + and * repeats can carve up the subject, and all
have to be tested before failure can be reported.
At the end of a match, the values set for any capturing subpatterns are those from the outermost level of
the recursion at which the subpattern value is set. If you want to obtain intermediate values, a callout
function can be used (see the next section and the pcrecallout documentation). If the pattern above is
matched against
(ab(cd)ef)
the value for the capturing parentheses is "ef", which is the last value taken on at the top level. If
additional parentheses are added, giving
\( ( ( (?>[^()]+) | (?R) )* ) \)
^
^
^
^
the string they capture is "ab(cd)ef", the contents of the top level parentheses. If there are more than 15
capturing parentheses in a pattern, PCRE has to obtain extra memory to store data during a recursion,
which it does by using pcre_malloc, freeing it via pcre_free afterwards. If no memory can be obtained, the
match fails with the PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY error.
Do not confuse the (?R) item with the condition (R), which tests for recursion. Consider this pattern, which
matches text in angle brackets, allowing for arbitrary nesting. Only digits are allowed in nested brackets
(that is, when recursing), whereas any characters are permitted at the outer level.
< (?: (?(R) \d++
| [^<>]*+) | (?R)) * >
In this pattern, (?(R) is the start of a conditional subpattern, with two different alternatives for the recursive
and non-recursive cases. The (?R) item is the actual recursive call.
SUBPATTERNS AS SUBROUTINES
If the syntax for a recursive subpattern reference (either by number or by name) is used outside the
parentheses to which it refers, it operates like a subroutine in a programming language. An earlier
183
example pointed out that the pattern
(sens|respons)e and \1ibility
matches "sense and sensibility" and "response and responsibility", but not "sense and responsibility". If
instead the pattern
(sens|respons)e and (?1)ibility
is used, it does match "sense and responsibility" as well as the other two strings. Such references must,
however, follow the subpattern to which they refer.
CALLOUTS
Perl has a feature whereby using the sequence (?{...}) causes arbitrary Perl code to be obeyed in the
middle of matching a regular expression. This makes it possible, amongst other things, to extract
different substrings that match the same pair of parentheses when there is a repetition.
PCRE provides a similar feature, but of course it cannot obey arbitrary Perl code. The feature is called
"callout". The caller of PCRE provides an external function by putting its entry point in the global variable
pcre_callout. By default, this variable contains NULL, which disables all calling out.
Within a regular expression, (?C) indicates the points at which the external function is to be called. If you
want to identify different callout points, you can put a number less than 256 after the letter C. The default
value is zero. For example, this pattern has two callout points:
(?C1)\dabc(?C2)def
If the PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT flag is passed to pcre_compile(), callouts are automatically installed before
each item in the pattern. They are all numbered 255.
During matching, when PCRE reaches a callout point (and pcre_callout is set), the external function is
called. It is provided with the number of the callout, the position in the pattern, and, optionally, one item
of data originally supplied by the caller of pcre_exec(). The callout function may cause matching to
proceed, to backtrack, or to fail altogether. A complete description of the interface to the callout function
is given in the pcrecallout documentation.
Misc & Hidden functions
Overview
There are some functions that are 'hidden' within theWord and are only useful in very specific situations.
Finding the line in an .ont file that corresponds to a verse
If you are editing an .ont file, it is useful to be able to find the line number in the .ont that a specific verse
is. To do this, you can press CTRL+ALT+INSERT in any Bible view and a popup dialog will give you the
info you need:
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Locating errors
theWord logs any errors that happen in a file called errors.log. This file can be found in the Cache folder
of your installation. If you need to manually submit a bug report, then you should attach this file also.
185
Copyrights and License information
Overview
The copyright and license for theWord and paid modules is included here.
Notice that modules that are distributed for free may also be copyrighted by their respective publishers.
Please, read carefully the license and copyright restrictions before using the software or any
accompanying modules.
theWord license
This is the standard license of theWord. It is also included in the software and appears when you click on
Help->About.
This Software ("In the beginning was theWord", abbreviated theWord) is
copyrighted.
© 2003-2012 - Costas Stergiou
Please read this license agreement carefully. You may only use theWord if you
agree to the entire license agreement.
The Author of this Software (referenced throughout this license agreement) is
Costas Stergiou.
The copyright applies to all the program files (e.g. the theword.exe file, language
translation files etc), all documentation accompanying this program, and all addons (Bible and Book module add-ons). In general, all files that can be
downloaded from the official website (http://www.theword.net) are under this
license agreement, unless otherwise stated in individual licenses of add-on
modules (this applies particularly to add-on modules that are copyrighted by
their authors and/or publishers).
theWord is free software (free to use). This means that the Software is available
for use without any charge attached to it. theWord is not open source software.
The source code is not free or available to download or view.
This license is designed to ensure that theWord remains free for everyone and is
not used in any way to promote any profit generating activities that are outside
the scope of the Software. Exceptions to this rule apply only if there is a written
agreement with the Author of the Software.
You can copy theWord freely for personal use and give it away to friends,
relatives, etc., as long as you do not charge for it in any way. You may not
charge for duplication costs, media costs, or even postage costs. If you
undertake the task of giving copies of theWord to others, you must do it for
free. You may not sell or resell this program or distribute it as a part of a
commercial package or any other profit generating activity, even if the
distribution is free. You may not bundle the Software (even if the media is free)
with any other product (e.g. enclose in a book, distribute with tracts) or make it
appear that the Software is an add-on, bonus pack, extra-service, etc., that the
end-user gets as a bonus for any service, product, activity of yours.
You may not host theWord software executable files, installation files, or any
other official files that can be found at the official website (http://www.theword.
net) on your website. You may not post any files or archives containing the
Software itself or any other files related to the Software in any software
186
repository, peer-to-peer network, or other file-sharing website or program.
theWord is designed in a way so that it can be extended with add-on modules.
The structure of add-on files (Bibles, Books, language files, etc) is open and
documented in order to allow you to compile your own modules or build utilities
and auxiliary programs to enhance the functionality of the Software. You may not
charge for add-on modules or auxiliary utilities without written permission from
the Author. Under the spirit of this clause, you may examine and/or reverse
engineer the structure of add-on modules in order to create your own modules.
You may not reverse-engineer the program binary file (theword.exe) or any
encrypted module. Some modules are encrypted to protect their copyrighted
content from unauthorized duplication. You must respect this protection and not
attempt to copy, extract, modify, and/or reuse such content. If you are unsure
about copyrights and/or this protection, please contact the Author (
[email protected]).
The origin of this Software must not be misrepresented. You must not claim that
you wrote this Software. If you choose to redistribute the Software as part of an
"official" package (e.g. your own CD compilation with a custom CD cover or
label) you must:
1. State clearly on the CD itself (and the cover if applicable) that the Software is
not written by you
2. Place a link to http://www.theword.net in a noticeable area on the CD label
and cover
3. Contact the Author ([email protected]) to obtain written permission. All valid
electronic media distributions of the Software (e.g. CD, DVD, USB flash drive,
etc.) will be listed, along with a picture of the actual media, on a noticeable
area on the official website (http://www.theword.gr/license) so users will know
whether or not the distribution is legal.
This Software is provided by the Author "as is". Any express or implied
warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. In no event shall the Author
or contributors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary, or
consequential damages (including, but not limited to, procurement of substitute
goods or services; loss of use, data, or profits; or business interruption)
however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability,
or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of,
or inability to use, this Software, even if advised of the possibility of such
damage.
I, Costas Stergiou (the Author), reserve the right to make exceptions to any of
these conditions, or alter these conditions, at any time. For every exception to
the above rules, a notice will be available at the official website at http://www.
theword.gr/license. If you are aware that any of these terms have been violated,
please refer to the previous link and report it.
Costas Stergiou
Greece
[email protected]
http://www.theword.net
187
Standard non-free module license
The following license is the one that applies for each paid module, unless otherwise stated in the module
installer or Information dialog of the module. It is displayed when you install a paid module and you need
to agree in order to continue with the installation.
The module you purchased is accompanied with a personal serial number which,
along with your full name and email address, constitute the ‘unlock data’ that
allow you access to the module. In this license agreement, the word ‘module’
refers both to the ‘unlock data’ and the actual files that comprise the module.
The module(s) that you purchased are only licensed for and compatible with
theWord Bible software. You will not be able to use them with any other software
or outside of theWord.
You may not modify, decompile, disassemble or otherwise reverse engineer any
part of these module(s). You may not distribute the file(s) included in this
package in any way (either in a private or public network, internet, or other
media). You are allowed, however, to make copies of it for archival purposes.
You are not allowed to copy the content of this module out of the program
except to make reasonably short quotes. You are not allowed to re-format,
change or otherwise format-shift the content of this module for any use. This
module is solely for viewing within the theWord Bible software.
If you are an individual, you are allowed to install and use this module(s) in any
number of computers that you personally own and use for yourself and that of
your immediate family. If you are installing this module(s) on a public computer,
you may install it on a single computer. In the case of a public computer, a new
license must be purchased for each seat.
188
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