998PI, 998EXPI Installation Instructions

998PI, 998EXPI Installation Instructions
N8023-7V1 8/98
998PI/998EXPI
PASSIVE INFRARED MOTION DETECTORS
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
Special Instructions
for Installations Containing Pets
GENERAL INFORMATION
These passive infrared motion detectors are versatile wall-mounted
units employing Fresnel lenses and offering efficient protection patterns for commercial and residential applications. Best coverage will
be obtained if mounting is selected such that the likely direction of
intruder motion is across the pattern.
When installed per the guidelines, the Split-Zone Optics technology in
the 998PI and 998EXPI (with tamper switch) provide reasonable false
alarm protection against pets and other animals up to 40 lbs.
SPECIFICATIONS
Detection Method: Passive Infrared.
Coverage: Pet Immune Lens,
35 ft x 45 ft (10.6m x 13.7m), 90°.
Detection Zones: Pet Immune Lens - 30 zones
(8 long range, 7 over 7 intermediate, 4 over 4
short range).
Pulse Count: Intermediate or Standard selectable via DIP
switch.
Note: Use Standard for pet immune applications.
Detectable
Walk Rate: 0.5 - 10ft/sec (0.15 - 3m/sec).
Mount Height: 7.5 ft recommended (2.3m).
Indicator: Red LED; enabled/disabled via DIP switch.
Alarm Relay: Form A, SPST, [email protected] DC
15-ohm protective resistor.
Input Voltage: 10 - 16VDC (voltage reversal makes PIR
inoperative).
Current: 18mA (non-alarm), nominal.
16mA (alarm), nominal.
Standby: Power source should be capable of at least 4
hours of battery standby.
Tamper: Normally closed (with cover on), rated at .5A,
30VDC (998EXPI only).
Operating Temp.: 14°F - 122°F (-10°C to +50°C).
Operating Up to 95% RH (max.),
Humidity: non-condensing.
Dimensions: 2-5/8”W x 4-3/8”H x 2-1/8”D (max protrusion)
(67mm x 111mm x 54mm).
To take full advantage of the pet immunity in the 998PI or 998EXPI,
the following guidelines should be followed:
•
•
•
•
Mount the center of the detector 6-1/2 to 7-1/2 feet (2.0m - 2.3m)
high and adjust the vertical angle according to Table 1.
Set the PIR sensitivity for Standard (STD).
Mount where animals cannot come within six feet of the detector
by climbing on furniture, boxes, or other objects.
Do not aim the detector at stairways that can be climbed by animals.
Note: This unit will provide immunity to false alarms for an individual animal or a group of animals whose total weight is equal to or
less than 40 pounds when the room temperature is above 50°F (10°C).
INSTALLATION
For optimal pet immunity performance, be sure to follow all the guidelines described in the section “Special Instructions for Installations
Containing Pets.”
A. Normal Surface Mounting
Mount the unit to a firm vertical surface. The wall wiring hole should
be no more than 5/16” (8mm) in diameter.
1. Remove the front cover as shown in Figure 1.
2. Refer to Figure 2. Knockout holes “A” in the base are for normal
surface mounting on a wall (slide PC board up for access to bottom
holes, down for access to top holes). For corner mounting, see B.
Corner Mounting. Also break out the desired wire entry hole at
this time, marked X1 or X2 in Figure 2).
3. Feed wiring emerging from the wall through the wire access hole
near the top of the detector base. Make sure wires have sufficient
slack to allow the PC board to be moved up and down freely when
the wires are connected to the terminals on the board.
4. Mount the base. Note the mounting orientation of this detector – wire entry at the top, lens at the bottom! Make sure the
board is positioned so that the arrow is in line with the appropriate
setting on the graduated scale (see Figure 5 and Table 1).
5. Refer to the WIRING CONNECTIONS section before replacing the
front cover.
B. Corner Mounting
Knockout holes “B” in the base are used for corner mounting on a
wall (slide PC board up for access to bottom holes, down for access
to top holes). Mount in selected corner with 4 screws.
Note the mounting orientation of this detector – wire entry at
the top, lens at the bottom! Make sure the board is positioned so
that the arrow is in line with the appropriate setting on the graduated scale (see Figure 5 and Table 1).
C. Changing Lenses (if required)
1. Remove front cover.
2. Release the lens support frame located in front cover as follows:
Insert the blade of a small screwdriver between the locking tab and
the detector case in each of the four corners of the frame, and lever
each tab upward to release. See Figure 4. When all four corners are
released, remove the lens support frame.
3. Remove the existing lens and replace with the replacement lens.
The lens must be installed with the smooth side facing outward. Also, the lens should be oriented with its part number on the upper right-hand side (see Figure 4). Be sure to
center the lens.
Note: Lens surface should be free of dirt, foreign matter and fingerprints. Use a clean dry soft cloth to wipe lens surfaces.
4. Insert the lens support frame into its original position and then
press downward on the frame so that the lens locking tabs snap
into position in each of the four corners.
Figure 1. Protection Pattern
5. Refer to E. Vertical Pattern Adjustment and Table 1 for recommended detector pattern setting for various mounting heights and
protection ranges.
6. Replace front cover.
D. Horizontal Adjustment of Lens
The protection pattern can be moved to the left or right by horizontal
adjustment as follows:
1. Remove front cover.
2. Release the lens frame as shown in Figure 4.
3. Grasp the lens firmly on both sides (front and back) and slide the
lens to the left or right, as needed. The lens may be moved as much
as 4° (from center) in either direction.
4. Replace lens, lens frame and the front cover.
After adjustment, conduct a Walk-Test to ensure proper coverage of
the area to be protected (see TEST PROCEDURES).
Figure 3. Corner Mounting
E. Vertical Pattern Adjustment
The protection pattern can be raised or lowered by repositioning the
PC board in the detector. A graduated scale to the left of the board
(see Figure 5) indicates the approximate number of degrees by which
the pattern can be raised (max. +5°) or lowered (max. -20°). To make
this adjustment, slide the board upward or downward by the number
of degrees required. After any adjustment, conduct a Walk-Test to
ensure proper coverage of the area to be protected (see TEST PROCEDURES).
Table 1 indicates the recommended setting at various mounting
heights.
F. Lens Masking
The supplied masking strips can be used to produce a protection pattern that suits the particular requirements of the protected area, or
eliminate coverage from areas where you anticipate environmental
disturbances that might reduce the PIR’s stability (a heater or other
heat-producing object, for example). Simply peel off the appropriate
pressure-sensitive adhesive strip(s) and apply over the desired lens
segment(s). Be sure to affix the masking strips to the inside of the
lens (not the outer, smooth side). Each lens segment that is masked
results in the elimination of one zone of protection from the coverage
pattern.
Figure 4. Changing Lenses
IMPORTANT
NOTE THE MOUNTING
ORIENTATION OF THIS
DETECTOR. WIRE ENTRY
IS AT THE TOP, AND LENS
IS AT THE BOTTOM!
Figure 1. Cover Removal
Figure 5. Wiring Connections
WIRING CONNECTIONS
Bring all wires in through the wire access slot at the top of the detector base (near the terminal block) and connect to the screw terminals
(see Figure 5 for wiring details). Seal any openings in the base with
foam or RTV (not supplied) to prevent drafts or insects from entering
the unit. Apply power only after all connections have been made and
are inspected.
LED ENABLE/DISABLE OPTION
To enable the LED, set the DIP switch #1 DOWN (see Figure 5 for
switch location). To disable the LED, set DIP switch #1 UP. Use a
small pointed tool to move the switch handle up or down.
PULSE COUNT OPTION
Figure 2. Detector Base
For Intermediate Pulse Count, set the Pulse Count DIP switch #2
UP (see Figure 5 for switch location). For Standard Pulse Count,
set DIP switch #2 DOWN. Use a small pointed tool to move the
switch handle up or down.
Standard Pulse Count: This is the recommended setting for maximum false alarm immunity. It tolerates environment extremes on this
setting.
Note: Standard Pulse Count is recommended for pet immune
applications.
Intermediate Pulse Count: This is the recommended setting for any
location where an intruder is expected to cover only a small portion of
the protected area. It tolerates normal environments on this setting.
Note: NOT recommended for pet immune applications.
TEST PROCEDURES
Important: Two-minute warm-up time is required after applying
power. Testing should be conducted with the protected area cleared of
all people. Disarm the protective system’s control during the test procedure to prevent reporting of unwanted alarms.
1. Remove front cover and set DIP switch #2 (Pulse Count) to the setting which will be used for this detector in the installation. The
LED must be enabled at this time (DIP switch #1 down).
2. Replace front cover and walk through protective zones, observing
that the detector’s LED lights whenever motion is detected (the
LED serves as a Walk-Test indicator during this procedure).
The absolute range of all PIR units is subject to variation because of different types of clothing, backgrounds and ambient temperature. For this
reason, ensure that the most likely intruder routes are well within the
PIR’s protective zones and that Walk-Testing is carried out along these
routes.
After the Walk-Test is complete, the LED may be disabled (DIP switch
#1 UP).
MAINTAINING PROPER OPERATION
In order to maintain the detector in proper working condition, it is
important that the user observe the following.
1. Power should be provided at all times. Loss of power to the unit
will result in the alarm contacts reverting to an alarm state. The
unit’s DC source should have standby power available for at least 4
hours of operation during emergencies.
2. Units should never be re-aimed or relocated without the advice or
assistance of the alarm service company.
3. The physical surroundings of the protected area should not be
changed. If furniture or stock is moved, or air conditioning or additional heating is installed, the system may have to be readjusted
by the alarm service company.
4. Walk-Tests should be conducted frequently (at least weekly) to confirm continued proper coverage by each detector.
TROUBLESHOOTING
INTERMITTENT ALARM (LED OPERATIVE)
A. Rapid temperature change. Check for electric or gas heaters, open
flames, electric arcs, etc.
Remedy: Locate source and reposition detector.
B. Drafts causing drapes, light fixtures, display material to move.
Remedy: Eliminate source of motion.
INTERMITTENT OR CONTINUOUS ALARM
A. DC voltage supplied to detector is inadequate or intermittent, or
polarity is reversed.
Remedy: Ensure that polarity is corrected, adequate voltage is
supplied, wiring is intact (no opens/shorts), and connections secure.
B. Protective loop is interrupted (open).
Remedy: Determine whether interruption is in protective loop
wiring or at detector’s alarm relay contacts. Disconnect protective
loop at detector relay contact terminals. Check continuity across
terminals. If absent (and proper voltage is supplied to the detector),
return unit for replacement. If present, check protective loop
wiring.
LED INOPERATIVE
A. LED DIP switch #1 in UP position.
Remedy: Set DIP switch #1 in DOWN position.
B. LED malfunction.
Remedy: Check for broken/shorted leads. Return unit for replacement.
DETECTION AREA CHANGES
A. Repositioned furniture or equipment in the protected area.
Remedy: Caution customer about layout changes. Reposition
detector.
B. Mounting surface is unstable. A few degrees of vertical shift can
change range substantially.
Remedy: Mount on secure surface.
PANEL INDICATES CONTINUOUS FAULT IN ZONE OF PROTECTION
CONTAINING PIRs (PIR’s alarm LED not lit)
Too many detectors being used in the zone. Each detector adds 15
ohms of series resistance and the zone’s allowable loop resistance is
being exceeded.
Remedy: Reduce the number of detectors used in the zone until the
series resistance is within the allowable loop resistance permitted by
the control.
Table 1. PCB ADJUSTMENT FOR PET IMMUNE LENS
Use this position for 6.5ft - 7ft (2.0m - 2.1m) mounting height.
+5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
Use this position for 7-7.5ft (2.3m) mounting height.
––––––- Vertical Pattern Setting ––––––
Note: When setting angle, eyesight should be directly in front
of scale to avoid parallax errors.
TO THE INSTALLER
Regular maintenance and inspection (at least annually) by
the installer and frequent testing by the user are vital to continuous satisfactory operation of any alarm system.
The installer should assume the responsibility of developing
and offering a regular maintenance program to the user, as
well as acquainting the user with the proper operation and
limitations of the alarm system and its component parts.
Recommendations must be included for a specific program
of frequent testing (at least weekly) to ensure the system’s
operation at all times.
THE LIMITATIONS OF
THIS PASSIVE INFRARED MOTION DETECTOR
While the Intrusion Detector is a highly reliable intrusion detection device, it does not offer guaranteed protection against burglary. Any Intrusion Detection
device is subject to compromise or failure to warn for a variety of reasons:
• Passive Infrared Motion Detectors can detect intrusion only within the designed ranges as diagrammed in this installation manual.
• Passive Infrared Motion Detectors do not provide volumetric area protection. They do create multiple beams of protection, and intrusion can be detected only in unobstructed areas covered by those beams.
• Passive Infrared Detectors cannot detect motion or intrusion that takes place behind walls, ceilings, floors, closed doors, glass partitions, glass doors, or
windows.
• Mechanical tampering, masking, painting or spraying of any material on the lenses, windows or any part of the optical system can reduce the detection
ability of the Passive Infrared Motion Detector.
• Passive Infrared Detectors sense changes in temperature; however, as the ambient temperature of the protected area approaches the temperature
range of 90° to 105°F (32° to 40°C), the detection performance can decrease.
• This Passive Infrared Detector will not operate without appropriate DC power connected to it, or if the DC power is improperly connected (i.e., reversed
polarity connections).
• Passive Infrared Detectors, like other electrical devices, are subject to component failure. Even though this equipment is designed to last as long as 10
years, the electronic components in it could fail at any time.
We have cited some of the most common reasons that a Passive Infrared Motion Detector can fail to catch intrusion. However, this does not imply that
these are the only reasons, and therefore it is recommended that weekly testing of this type of unit, in conjunction with weekly testing of the entire alarm
system, be performed to ensure that the detectors are working properly.
Installing an alarm system may make the owner eligible for a lower insurance rate, but an alarm system is not a substitute for insurance. Homeowners,
property owners and renters should continue to act prudently in protecting themselves and continue to insure their lives and property.
We continue to develop new and improved protection devices. Users of alarm systems owe it to themselves and their loved ones to learn about these
developments.
ADEMCO LIMITED WARRANTY
Alarm Device Manufacturing Company, a Division of Pittway Corporation, and its divisions, subsidiaries
and affiliates ("Seller"), 165 Eileen Way, Syosset, New York 11791, warrants this detector to be in conformance with its own plans and specifications and to be free from defects in materials and workmanship
under normal use and service for 72 months from the date stamp control on the product. Seller's obligation
shall be limited to replacing, at its option, free of charge for materials or labor, a detector which is proved
not in compliance with Seller's specifications or proves defective in materials or workmanship under normal
use and service. Seller shall have no obligation under this Limited Warranty or otherwise if the detector is
altered or improperly repaired or serviced by anyone other than Ademco factory service. In case of defect,
return the detector to ADI or an authorized distributor for an immediate replacement.
THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OTHERWISE, WHICH EXTEND BEYOND THE DESCRIPTION ON THE FACE
HEREOF. IN NO CASE SHALL SELLER BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES FOR BREACH OF THIS OR ANY OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OR
UPON ANY OTHER BASIS OF LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, EVEN IF THE LOSS OR DAMAGE IS CAUSED
BY THE SELLER'S OWN NEGLIGENCE OR FAULT.
Seller does not represent that its detector may not be compromised or circumvented; that the detector will
prevent any personal injury or property loss by burglary, robbery, fire or otherwise; or that the detector will
in all cases provide adequate warning or protection. Buyer understands that a properly installed and maintained alarm may only reduce the risk of a burglary, robbery, fire or other events occurring without providing an alarm, but it is not insurance or a guarantee that such will not occur or that there will be no personal
injury or property loss as a result. CONSEQUENTLY, SELLER SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY FOR ANY
PERSONAL INJURY, PROPERTY DAMAGE OR OTHER LOSS BASED ON A CLAIM THE DETECTOR
FAILED TO GIVE WARNING. HOWEVER, IF SELLER IS HELD LIABLE, WHETHER DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE ARISING UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE,
REGARDLESS OF CAUSE OR ORIGIN, SELLER'S MAXIMUM LIABILITY SHALL NOT IN ANY CASE
EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE DETECTOR, WHICH SHALL BE THE COMPLETE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AGAINST SELLER. This warranty replaces any previous warranties and is the only warranty made by Seller on this detector. No increase or alteration, written or verbal, of the obligations of this
Limited Warranty is authorized.
165 Eileen Way Syosset, New York 11791
Copyright  1998 PITTWAY CORPORATION
àN8023-7V1!ä
N8023-7V1 8/98
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