This is the full text and images from the manual

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ASAHI
PENTAX
SPOTMATIC II
W
I
lndex
Introduction
Major working parts of the Asahi Pentax Spotmatic II
Specifications
Short operating course
I
il
{
1
z
4
6
I
ilil;:fiT:::::-::a.........
Film wind and rewind
Bright field focusing
Microprism
Automatic diaphragm
Shutter
Depth-of-field guide
Depth-of-fieldtables :....
Range of light measurement
Mercury battery .,
Flash synchronization
Self-timer
Infra,red photography
How to make deliberate double exposure
Important notes
...:.
How to take care of your camera
Differenceof angle of Takumar lenses
.....
Takumar interchangeablelenses
Specifications of Takumar lenses
complete system of Asahi Pentax accessories
for close-ups,macrophotography, photomicrography
and other miscellaneousaccessories
Super-Lite electronic flash
Spot exposure meter III
Clip-on meter SL
Asahi Pentax prism binoculars
Asahi Pentax telescopes
Guide book for Asahi Pentax system of photography
Asahi Pentax warranty policy
10
1t.
LL
l?
13
13
14
16
17
18
19
Zz
... Zs
.. 26
35
36
42
43
43
44
45
46
48
I
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ASAHI
PENTAX
SPOTMATIC II
Your Asahi Pentax Spotmatic II is the finest photographic instruThe "Super-Multi-Coating" on the Takunrar lens,
developed by Pentax and available only on Spotmatic II Takumars,
ment on the market.
reduces flare and boosts contrast to a degree far beyond rvhat
was
previously possible in optical technology. It is a tougher
coating than
is available on any competitive lenses and results in pictures rvith
more
detail and richer
colours than is possible with
any other system at
any price.
The Spotmatic II itself is an outgrowth and refinement of the original Spotmatic which introduced through-the-lens metering to the
world
of photography. Its stopped-down metering system is the most accurate
method for perfect exposure determination.
It also automatically gives
you a depth-of-field preview.
It is an averaging system for the easiest
and most dependable exposures in typical picture-taking situations. This
metering system has been refined and improved each year in the
Spotmatic to a degree of accuracy unmatched in the industry.
The
original
Spotmatic was the most compact 35mm SLR made.
The Spotmatic II retains that same traditional compactness and classic
feel. It also is designed for use with the accessories from the Pentax
system, including all of the superb Takumar lens ranging frorri the
ultra-wide-angle 17mm Takumar up to the super-telephoto l000mm
Takumar.
The Pentax system can grow with you as your interests
develop in any direction.
We are very proud of the Pentax Spotmatic II.
will be, too.
We are sure you
Maior workingparts of the ASAHI
c
Y
F
G
H
A - Shutter speed index
G - 'Cocked' indicator
B - Shutter speed dial
H - D-ring lug
C - Rapid wind lever
I
D - ASA film speed setting
J Focusing ring
K - X flash terminal
E - Shutter release
F - Automatic reset exposure counter
Self-timer cocking lever
L - FP flash terminal
2
\
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PENTAX SPOTMATIC II
(-'
o
(-
R
P
F
w
FI
FI
.Fl
a
o
G
E.
t-
\af,
o
v!
d
rt'
M
*4'
-,
,)
s
x
F
B
H
T
U
v
J
M - Preview lever
T - Diaphragm ring
N - Exposure meter switch
O - Film rewind crank
U - Diaphragm and distance index
P - Film rewind knob
a - Film type reminder dial
R - Reminder dial selector
S - FP/X switch rim
V - Distance scale
'W Exposure counter index
X - Depth-of-fieldguide
Y - Hot shoe
Z - Hot shoe flash contact
t
Specifications
Type
35mm single-lens reflex with built-in light
meter.
Film and Picture Size
35mm film (20or 36 exposures). 24mm x 36mm.
Standard Lenses
Super-Multi-CoatedTakumar 50mm f./L.4 or
55mm f 1I.8 with fully automatic diaphragm.
Filters and lenshood size: 49mm. Equipped
with diaphragm preview lever which affords
visual check of depth of field. Distance scale:
45cm (18'/) to infinity.
!
Shutter
Focal plane shutter, with single non-rotating
dial. Speeds:B, 1-111000sec. Film speed
(ASA) setting dial and window on shutter
speed dial. Built-in self-timer releasesshutter in 5-13seconds. Shutter curtains of special rubberized silk .
Warning Signal
The index of shutter speedsturns to red when
the shutter and film speed settings are off the
- -,fer to page
meter's measurability rp:
16.
Finder
Pentaprism finder with micropl ^srrt Fresnel
lens for instant focusing; 0.88x magnification
with 50mm lens and approximately life-size
with 55mm lens.
Focusing
Turn the distance scale ring until the subject
image on the ground glass comes into focus.
Reflex Mirror
Instant return type with specialshock absorbers for minimum vibration.
Lens Mount
42mm threaded lens mount.
4
L
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Film Advance
Ratchet-type rapid wind lever (for film advance and shutter cocking). 10' pre-advanc"
ing and 160 advancing angle.
"Cocked" Indicator
A red disk appears in a small window alongside the shutter release button when the shutter is cocked, and blacks out when it is released.
Film ExposureGounter
Automatic re-set type.
Flash Synchronization
FP + X Lontacts for conventional flash cord
connection. Separate FP/X contact on hot shoe
for convenient flash cordless connection.
ExposureMeter
Built-in meter measuresthe brightnessof the
ground glass, and couples directly to shutter
and film speedsettings. Film speed(ASA) setting ranges from 20 to 3200(LV1-18 for ASA100film with standardlens.) Meter is powered
with a mercury battery.
Film Rewind
Rapid rewind crank:r'forspeedy film take-up.
Film rewind releas 'utton on bottom of camera body rotates v, ^i film is being rewound.
LoadedFilm Indicator
FT
o
FT
F{
.Fl
Loaded film reminder dial underneathfilm rewind knob is marked EMP. (empty), Z0 and
36 (exposures) in green (for colour; tungsten
type), in white (black and white) and in orange
(for colour; daylight type).
o
Dimension
,t)
Width 143mm(5.6') x height 93mm (3.66,) x
thickness 88mm (3.4,).
r-d
B
o
)
F.
J4
*,
r{
I
,.
B
B
Weight
853grams (1 lb. tI oz.) with 50mm f /I.4 lens.
Body alone: 622grams (1 lb. 4 oz.)
Short operatingcourse
A mercury battery for the light meter is packed separately. Be sure to
insert it into the batterl' housing ivhen operating the camera. For battery insertion, refer to Page 17.
1 . , S E TF I L M S P E E D
Lift the outer ring of the shutter speeddial,
turn it around and set the same number as
the ASA number of the loaded film to the
small red index which appears alongsidethe
figure 1. Then cock the rapid wind lever.
2. SET SHUTTER SPEED
Turn the shutter speeddial and set the speed
you wish to use to the index. When outdoors,
set the speedat l/125 sec.or faster, depending upon the lighting. When indoors,set it at
L/30, or in its neighbourhood. Change the
shutter speed later, when necessary. (Refer
to 5 on the next page.)
3 . C O M P O S EA N D F O C U S
While viewing through the viewfinder, turn
the distance scalering with your thumb and
index finger until you get the sharpest image
of your subject at the microprism centre of
the finder.
6
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4. TURN ON LIGHT METER SWITCH
Push up the srvitch button with vortr thurnb.
Through the viewfinder, you wili obsbrvethe
movementof the meter's needleon the right
side of the ground glass. Be sure to turn off
the meter's switch when not actually taking
readings.
5. ROTATE DIAPHRAGM RING
The needlemovesup and down with the turn
. of the d,iaphragmring. When the needlerests
at the centre, you will get correct exposure.
If the needle does not come to the centre no
matter how far you turn the diaphragm ring,
change the shutter speed. When the needleis
off centre and closeto the (t ) mark, you will
get over-exposure:change the shutter speed
to a faster setting. If the needleis closerto
the (-) mark, you will get under-exposure:
change the shutter speedto a slower setting.
6. RELEASESHUTTER
Hold your camera,firmly and trip the shutter. When the shutter is released,the meter
switch will automatically turn off, and the
needle will remain fixed off and underneath
the centre. The diaphragmwill reopento its
full aperture and the overali image will look
brighter. Cock the rapid wind leyer for the
next picture. (When taking a series of pic_
tures under the same iighting conditions, it
is not necessaryto repeat instructions4 and 5.)
Howto hold yourcamera
In horizontal position A. Hold
the camera firmly with your
left hand, and draw your arm
close to your body.
In vertical position B. Hold
your cam er a tightly to your for ehead with your left hand, and
draw your right arm close to
your body.
As a generalrule, your camerashould
be held more firmly by the left hand
which does not release the shutter.
If you hold your camera with the
right hand -- the hand which releases
the shutter - it may cause camera
movement. Very often, pictures
8
In vertical position C.
your camera tightly to your
head with your left hand,
y our r i ght ar m and dr aw
left arm to your body.
Hold
foreraise
y our
which are not sharp are due to movement of the camera. When you focus
with the camera held horizontally
(Position A), hold the lens barrel as
illustrated. Cradle the camera with
your left hand thumb and little finger. Turn the diitance scale ring
with your thumb and index finger.
When holding the camera vertically,
some people releasethe shutter with
the thumb (Position B), while others
releaseit with the index finger (Position C). Position C is more desirable
for fast focusing and shooting. With
the Asahi Pentax, whether held vertically or horizontally, you see your
subject image through the taking
lens, enabling you to compose, focus
and shoot with a minimum of time
and effort.
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Film loading
Avoid direct sunlight when loading your
film.
/,
x.
n
Film type reminder dial
Use the film
type dial to
show what
cf
type of film
l0{
is in your
camera.
When you
have pulled out the rewind knob to
open the back when loading the
film, turn the dial selector so that
the type of film appearsin the window. To check whether the camera
is loaded,turn the film rewind knob
clockwise. If it turns freely. the
camera is not loaded.
l. Open the back by pulling out the
rewind knob until back cover snaps
open.
2. Place the film cassette into the cassette chamber, and push back the rewind knob. Draw out the film leader
and insert it into slot of the take-uo
spool.
3. Advance the film by alternately turning the rapid wind lever and releasing the shutter until both sprockets
have properly engaged the film perforations. Close the back by pressing
it firmly.
4. If the film is properly loaded, the rewind knob will turn counter-clockwise when you advance the film by
turning the rapid wind lever.
Setting ASA film speed
The ASA film
speedrating of all
35mm films is
given in the data
sheet packedwith
D
each roll of film.
The higher the
ASA number, the
more sensitivethe
film. Lift the outer ring of the shutter speeddial and
rotate it until the ASA number of
your film is opposite the red index
mark.
Be sure to set your film speed on
the shutter speed dial because the
dial is connected to the exposure
meter system.
I
Film wind and rewind
Cock the rapid wind lever for
the first picture; the exposure
counter automatically turns to
'1', indicating that the first picture is ready to be taken.
2 After the final picture on the
roll (20 or 36 exposures)has been
taken, the rapid wind lever will
not turn all the way as you stroke
it. This indicatesthat the final
picture has been taken on your
film, and that the film must be
rewound. DON'T open the back
of the camera, or all exposed
frames will be ruined.
1 The first portions of the film cannot be used for picture taking as
they have already been exposed
to light. Generally,two blank exposures should be made before
taking your first picture. Cock
the rapid wind lever until it stops.
Watch to seethat the film rewind
knob automatically turns counter-clockwise,indicating that the
film is moving from cassetteto
take-up spool. Trip the shutter.
10
3 Unfold the film rewind crank.
Depress the film rewind release
button. Turn the rewind crank
to rewind the film into the film
cassette. The film rewind crank
permits rewinding at a smooth,
even rate. (Under some atmospheric conditions, erratic or too
rapid rewinding will causestatic
electricity marks,on the film.)
You will feel the tension on the
rewind crank lessenas the leader
end of the film slips off the takeup spool.
Stop rewinding when you feel
this happen. AVOID DIREC'f
SUNLIGHT WHEN UNLOAD.
ING YOUR FILM. (The rewind
release button will return to
normal position as you load your
next film and turn the rapid
wind lever.)
Pull out the film rewind knob
(the back will open automatically), and remove the film cassette.
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Brightfield focusing
1 You can start viewing and focusing
before and after cocking' the rapiA
wind lever. When the preview lever
is in "AUTO" (automatic) position,
and the meter is at "OFF", the dia-
*ffift':i:g;ffl
except
forthe
2 Turn the distance scale ring until
your subject image is clearly in focus.
It is not always necessary for you to
view and focus with the diaphragm
fully open. In bright sunlight, you
can easily focus with diaphragm
closed to f/5.6 or f/8 and still observe the depth of field. It is easi€r, however, to focus with the diaphragm fully open as your subject
image is much brighter.
When the letters "MAN" appears
besidethe lever, the lens is in manual
position; when "AUTO" appears, it
is in automatic position.
Microprism
Asahi Pentax camerashave a Fresnel
lens with a microprism centre underneath the ground glass. As you look
through the finder, you will see that
the Fresnel lens consists of many
concentric rings which provide the
brightest possible image on the
ground glass.
The microprism is the centre portion of this diagram. When your
subject is in focus, the image in the
microprism will be sharp and perfectly clear. If your subject is not
in focus, the microprism will break
the image up into many small dots,
much like engraver's screen. You
can focus your subject on any portion of the ground glass.
11
Automaticdiaphragnt
t
OUT OF FOCUS
$
.INFOCUS
L2
"AIJWhen the preview lever is in
TO" (automatic) position, and the
"OFF",
exposure meter is turned to
is at
diaphragm
fully
automatic
the
its largest aperture at all times, except for the instant of exposure,no
matter rvhat aperture is set on the
diaphragm ring. When you release
the shutter, the diaphragm automatically stops down to the predetermined aperture and the shutter curtains start traveling instantly. When
the exposure is completed, the diaphragm reopens to maximum aperture completely automatically and
you are ready to compose,focus and
shootyour next pictures. If you wish
to visually check exact depth-of-field
before making the exposure,move the
preview lever to "MAN" (manual)
position. This stops the diaphragm
to the aperture selected and shows
you exactly how much depth-of-field
will appearin your picture. The preview lever may be moved back to
"AUTO" (automatic) position before
or after making your exposure,or, if
you are making pictures in bright
sunlight, it may be left in manual
position, which permits a constant
check of depth of field.
*When the exposurelneter switch is
turned to the "on" Position, the lens
diaphragm changesfrom the auto'
matic to mamualposition eaenthough
"
the preuiew leaeris in the AU TO"
position.
( autornatic)
When the shutter is released, the lens diaphragln
will autornatically return to its au'
tomatic position if the leuer is set
on " A(JTO" .
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Shutter
Turn the shutter speed dial clockwise or counter-clockwise to the
shutter speed desired. The shutter
speed may be set either before or
after cocking the rapid wind lever.
As you cock the shutter by turning
the rapid wind lever, the "cocked"
indicator turns to red showing that
.
the shutter is cocked.
The indicator window blacks out
as you trip the shutter button. For
use of the X setting on the shutter
speed dial, refer to page 18.
With the shutter speeddial set on
B (bulb), the shutter will stay open
as long as you depress the shutter
button. As you release your finger
from the shutter button, the shutter
closes. When a long exposure is
desired while using the B setting,
attach a shutter releasecable with a
locking device to the shutter button.
This will permit a "Time" exposure.
1 At slow speeds-slower than I/J0
- support your camera rigidly or
use a tripod to prevent movement
of your camera.
2 To protect the shutter mechanism, trip the shutter release before putting the camera out of
use for any extended period.
Depth-of-fieldguide
If you want to know how great the
depth of field is at a certain aperture, look at the depth-of-field guide.
In the above photograph, the distance
scale is set at 5 meters . . . the lens is
focused on a subject 5 meters away.
The calibrations on each side of the
distance index correspond to the
diaphragm setting and indicate the
range of in-focus distance for different lens apertures. For example, if
the lens opening of f/8 is to be used.
the range on the distance scale ring
covered within the figure 8 on the
depth-of-field guide indicates the
area in focus at the lens opening.
You will note from the depth-of-field
guide in the photograph that the
range from approximately 10 to 25
feet is in focus. Note that as the lens
apertures chang€,the effective depth
of field also changes. For the depth
of' fields at different apertures and
distances,refer to page14-15.
f
I
L
Depth of fi.etd is the range between the I
nearest and farthest distances uthich I
are in focus at different lens apertures. J
Depth-of-fieldtable:
Takumar 50mm lel
Super-Multi-Goated
\
\
Distance
Scale
rs.G'N
'f
f 1. 4
0.45
0.6
m.
5
4.57
5.52
8.40
| 2.36
5r.75
4.41
4.21
6.r6
7.86
r3.75
7.24
16.r9
36.24
.43
.58
r.93
2.07
t.e0
2 . tI
r.87
2.t 6
3 . 94
6.48
6.84
22.05
3.64
5.68
42.68
1.5
.46
.54
.45
.56
f/2
0.45
0.454
f /2.9
o.44
0.46
0.59
0.6|
0.e8
| .02
0.e8
r .02
o.e7
| .03
f/4
0.44
0.46
0.5e
0.62
0.e5
| .05
.a0
,62
r.8l
2.23
f /5.6
O . na
0.46
0.58
0.62
0 . 9a
t.o7
.36
.68
t.75
2.3a
r/a
O.aa
0.tt
0.s7
0.63
0 . eI
t.ll
.30
.77
f/tl
0.43
0.47
0.56
0.65
0.88
t.t5
.2a
.89
r .66
2.52
t.56
2.80
2.88
1e.53
(/t6
O.tz
0.48
0.54
0.8a
1.24
t.t6
| .42
2.42
2 . 16
3.42
0.67
co
m.
0.5e
0.6|
0.5e
0.61
0.45
0.453
r0
?
l
5.78
8.03
3.26
| 0.87
ryOo
a.80
ryOO
eOO
ryOO
25.e0
ryOo
18.14
ryOO
12.97
-OO
e.t0
rOO
4.02
6.63
-OO
\-
3 . 16
+CO
OO
4.57
-OO
Depth-of-fieldtable:
Takumar 55mm lel
Super-Multi-Goated
\
\
Distance
Scale
f s"J;N
L4
0.45
m.
0.6
I
1.5
2
5
m,
m.
ln"
l0
oo
m.
t/t.g
0.45
0.45
0.5e
0 . 6|
0.e8
r.02
| .46
1.54
r.93
2.07
4.57
5.52
8.3e
| 2.38
5 1. 2 7
t/2
0.45
0.45
0.5e
0.e8
' 1. 0 2
1.46
r.54
| .92
2.08
4.53
5.59
8.24
| 2.72
46.r5
0.61
f/2.9
0.45
0.45
0.5e
0 . 6|
0.98
| .03
1.44
4.36
5.86
7.70
| 4.27
32.98
r.56
r.89
2.t 2
r/4
0.aa
0.46
0.5e
0 . 6|
o.e7
r .04
| .42
t.59
t.85
2 . t7
4.t3
6.33
7.01
17.48
23"10
{ /5.6
0 .4 4
0.46
0.58
0.62
0.e5
I .05
r.39
r.63
| .80
2.25
3.87
7.09
6.27
24.97
| 6.52
t/B
0,44
0.46
0.s8
0,62
0.e3
| .08
1.34
t.70
1.73
2.38
3.s3
Ir.58
8.65
5 . 4|
70.27
f/tl
O.4 A
0.47
0.57
0.63
0 . 9|
t . tI
| .29
t.79
1.64
2,57
3.r8
I t.93
4.62
oo
8.u
f/ 1 6
0.43
0.17
0.56
0.6s
0.87
t.t7
| .22
| .96
| .52
2 . 95
2.73
3 2 75
3 . 7|
5.82
oo
oo
oo
oo
oo
co
oo
oo
oo
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Depth-of-fieldtable:
Super-Multi-Goated
Takumar 50mm ler
\
\
Distance
Scale
rs.-Gr
l'6"
2'
3'
t/1.4
lt 6.12'l
l' 6.13"
|/Il.g"
2' O.2"
2'||.5"
3' 0.6"
t/2
l'5,9"
l ' 6 . 1"
l'| |.6"
2' 0.4"
2'| |.3"
3' O.g"
f /2.9
l'5.9"
l'6.2"
l'| 1.5"
2' 0.5"
2'10.9"
3' |.1"
f/4
l' 5.6"
l'6.4"
l'||.4"
2' A.6"
2'|0.6"
3' |.7"
f/5.6
l'5.5"
l' 6.5"
l'||.2"
2' l"
2'|o"
f/B
l' 5.4"
l' 6.6"
|'| 0.g"
2' |.3"
f/tl
l' 5.2"
l'7"
l'10.4"
2' l.gn
t/16
l' 4.8"
l' 7.3"
l'9.7"
2' 2,9'
r0'
5'
4'10.4" g' 5.6"
5' | .7" | 0' 7.2'
g' 3.1"
4' g.g"
5' 2.4"
t0'10.6"
4t
g'
5' 3.4"
4 ' 7 . 7"
g'l | .g'
3.2"
I l'
t5'
|3' 9.7"
l6' 4.9"
30'
25' 6.6" | 6 9 ' 9 . 2 ' l
oo
36' 4.2"
| 3 ' 4 . 3 " 24' 0.20 I I g' 3.5"
l 7 ' 1 . 2 ' 39'| | .9"
oo
| 2' g.6"
lg' 1.4"
22' 3"
16' 1.1'
84'|1.6"
20' o.4,
59' 6.4'l
oo
5' 5"
g' 7.4'
l2' 0.60
l l ' 1 1. 2 0 l g ' l l "
3' 2.3"
4' 6.20
5' 7.2"
8' l.9n
l 2 ' 1 1. 2 "
2 ' g , l"
3' 9.4"
4' 4.1"
5'l0.go
7' 6.9" | 0 ' l "
| 4' 9.5" 2g' 7,2"
l5' a.7'
2' 9,2"
3' 4.8"
2 ' 6 . 7"
4t 1.6"
6' 4.2"
6'| 1.3" g'l | .9,
lg' 0.6" 46' 9.7"
l2' 9.4"
3'lo"
7' 3'
6' 1.2"
2g' 7.6"
l0' I
3' 7.6"
oo
59'l | .6n
oo
l l ' 2 "
l 7 ' 9 . 3 " 42' 6.9'l
2 2 ' 1 O . 7 ' 1 0 0 ' 1. 3 "
OO
7' 7.2"
oo
29'1o.2"
oo
oo
2l' g"
oo
oo
oo
t5'
oo
Depth-of-fieldtable:
Super-Multi-Coated
Takumar 55mm lel
\
\
Distance
Scale
l'6"
2'
t/t.B
l'5.9"
l' 6.1"
'l
l
l.g"
2' O.2"
t/2
l'5.9'
l' 6.1"
l'l. | .9"
2' 0.2'
t /2.9
l'5.9'
l' 6.1"
t/4
l' 5.9"
l' 6,2"
l'||.6"
2' 0.4"
'l
I 1.5"
2' 0.5"
t /5.6
l'5.6"
l' 6.4"
l'||.4"
2' 0.7'
t t".,lil)-r
f/8
l' 5,5"
l' 6.5"
f/11
l'5.4"
l'6.7'
t/16
l'5.2"
l' 7"
l'l I
2 ' l
| '| 0.9"
2' l,g"
|'| 0.3"
2' 2"
3'
5'
l0'
4'10.4" g' 5.6"
5 ' 1 . 7 " l 0 ' 7. 2 "
g' 4.9"
2'| 1.4" 4'la3"
,3' 0.6"
5' l.g" |0' g"
2 ' || . 2 " 4' 9.6" g' 2.3"
3 ' 0 . 9 " 5' 2.6'! l 0 ' | | . 5 "
2'lo.g" 4' 9.6" g'1a.7"
3' 1.2" 5 ' 3 . 9 " | |' 5.3"
2'1a,4" 4' 7.4" g ' 6 . 1 "
3' l.g" 5' 5.4" | 2 ' | . 7 "
2'| 1.5"
3' 0.6'
g.g"
2.5"
g"
3.6"
4' 5.6"
5' 9.2"
8'
l3' 4.4"
2' 7.9"
3' 5.5"
4' 0.6"
6' 6,9"
6' 9.2"
20' 3"
2'
3'
2'
3'
l5'
| 3' 9.7"
|6' 5"
30'
oo
25' 6.4' l 6 g ' 2 . 4 "
oo
36' 4.7'l
'
| 3' 9.3" 25' 1.3"l 5 f 4 . 8 "
@
| 6 ' 7 . 1 " 37' 3.2"
l 3 ' 2 . 9 " 23' 7"
| 0g' 2.3"
oo
l7'4"
4l' 3.4"
|2' 7.1"
l g' 6.7"
'10.1
"
ll
20' 6.2"
2l' 7.2' 75' 9.5"
@
4g' 2.9"
lg' 5.2'
66' 3.4"
54' 2.3"
oo
| 0 ' |0 . 3 " l6'10.7" 3 7 ' | | , 9 "
oo
24' 4.6" I 3 g ' 2 . 9 "
4' 3.6"
7' s.4" g'lo.l " | 4' 6.2" 2 7 ' 9 . 2 "
'I
oo
oo
s'| 1.8" l5/ 3.7" 3l o.g'
g' 6.2"
66' 9.2"
I l' 9.4"
oo
lg' l"
' @
15
Rangeof light measurement
The exposure meter of the Spotmatic measuresthe brightness of the ground
glass. Therefore, the meter should be turned on alter you have focused
your subject on the ground glass. The follorring table shows the range of
the meter's light measurement, and should not be interpreted as the camera's total range of f/stop-shutter speed combinations. As you will note
from the table below, with an ASA100 film, -v-oumay use any shutter speed
from 1 sec. to 1/1000sec. in combination rvith any aperture that will bring
the meter needle to the midpoint in the viervfinder. The total range of
the aperture settings is, of course, determined by the minimum and maximum apertures of the lens being used. For example, u,ith the 50mm f./I.4
lens and ASA100 film, an aperture from f ll.4 (the maximum aperture of
this lens) to f /16 (the minimum aperture) may be used with any shutter
speedfrom 1 sec. to 1/1000sec. that wili bring the meter needle to midpoint.
ASA
1
o
1
2
I
I
8
I
15
1
30
I
60
I
r25
1
250
I
500
I
I OO0
20
. 2 5
32
. 4 0
. 5 0
64
. 8 0
100
r25
l
I OU
200
. 25o
. 320
400
500
640
800
I000
1250
1600
r 2000
. 25A0
3200
: l j {'li
.i.l
tl
t;_'. l;
T h e a r e aA i n d i c a t et sh e r e a d i n rga n g eo f t h e m e t e r . T h e a r e a B i n d i c a t etsh a t a l t h o u g ht h e s h u t t e rs p e e di n d e xi s
b l a c ka n dt h e m e t e rn e e d l em o v e s t, h e m e t e ri s N o T o p e r a t i npgr o p e r l y .
When ihe rrcter needle is ceqtered with tlxeshutter sfeed dia! set at B usittg ASA 20-5O filttts, this
indicates that tirc eaact shutt€l sbeed requif,eCis 2 seconds Please erpose your Picture for 2 seconds
16
www.orphancameras.com
Mercury battery
How to check it
1. Set the shutter speed dial to B
(bulb) position.
2. Turn the ASA dial to ASA 100.
"on"
3. Push the meter switch to
position.
Look at the meter's needle through
the viewfinder. lf the needle rapidly
drops, the meter battery has sufficient
capacity; if it does not, replace the
mercury battery.
How to replace it
Open the battery housing cover on the
bottom cover plate with a coin. Remove old battery and insert new battery with 11) side toward the top of
the camera. For replacement, use
Mallory PX-400or RM-400-Ror equivalent.
GAUTION: The mercury battery is
like a phonograph record. It can be
damagedby skin acids. Handle by the
edges with a dry cloth only. Be sure
the battery is cleaned with the cloth
before insertion into the camera. The
battery is not rechargeable.
DANGER!
A serious accident has been reported of a small child who has put a rnercurt
battery into his mouth and has been hos/italized for serious gripes and stomach inflammation. Please aluays heep a mercury battery from the reach of small children.
L7
Flashsynchronization
The Spotmatic II has FP and X terminals at the front of the camera body,
and a separate FP/X contact on the built-in hot shoe. The table below shows
which flash contact, which shutter speed and which flash bulb may be combined for maximum lamp efficiency. Unless these combinations are rigidly
"X"
followed, there will be a failure in flash synchronization. Note the
setting is exactly at the 60 marked on the speed dial. This indicates the
highest shutter speed at which electronic flash units ma1" be used.
Use the hot shoe flash contact only when using the Super-Lite II or any
other electronic flash or flash gun that has a flash contact on the shoe
bracket. To select FP or X, just turn the FP/X switch rim so that eiether
one of the marks appears in the window.
N
Wnnn not using tttcs terminals, keep the plugs inserled in the terminals.
SHUTTER
SPEED
\
FLASH \T
TERMTNAL \\_
FP
'l
1
1000 500
1
I
1
250 125
60
1
8
1
4
1
2
1
x
FP Closs(ScrewBost
FPd;,B"y";'B".;tl
I-
X
I
18
1
15
1
30
r cto"
I U Ctorr& MFClor.
rlectronicFlosh
www.orphancameras.com
Self-timer
Depending upon how far down you turn the
self-timer cocking lever O, it will releasethe
shutter in 5-13seconds. When operating the
self-timer, always depressthe self-timer release button @ to release the shutter. Do
not depressthe shutter button . " . it will immediately releasethe shutter without delayed
action. The self-timer cocking lever should
be turned down at least 90" or the release
button will not operate.
lntra-redphotography
If you intend to take infra-red photographs,
remember to use the small t(R" index marked on the depth-of-field guide. Some of the
Takumar lenses,however, like the above picture of Super-Takumar 50mm f/I.4, do not
((R"
have the
mark. The index is just a short
orange line.
First, focus your lens on your subject. Determine the lens to subject
distance from the distance scale. Then match your lens to subject
distance to the ((R" mark by turning the distance scale accordingly.
For instance, if your subject is in focus at infinity, turn the distance
ring and move the infinity ("") mark to the rtR" index.
((R"
The
index marking on the Takumar lenses is based on the lens
setting at infinity.
FI
o
a1
t.t{
l1
r.a{
Howto makedeliberatedoubleexposure
o
a0
li
o
0
;l
J4
*.,
Ft
p
,.
F
B
l>
For deliberate double exposures,make the first exposurein the normal way
Then tighten the film by turning the rewind knob C, and keep hold of th(
rewind knob. Depressthe film rewind releasebutton @ and cock the rapic
wind lever. This tensions the shutter without advancing the film. Finally
release the shutter to make trr'e second exposure. Then make one blank
exposure, before taking the next picture, to avoid overlapping.
lmportant notes
Always keep the meter switched off when
not actually taking r eadings.
Leav i ng the
m eter switched on will r apid l y ex haus t the
battery.
It is also necessary to keep the
m eter switched off when mounti ng a Super Takum ar
or SM C Takum ar
l ens on the
Spotm atic II camer a body.
If i t i s
switched on, the tip of the autom ati c
diaphr agm r elease pin of the l ens w i l l hi t
the pin r elease plate inside the c am er a
body and it m ay get damaged.
When the index of the shutter speeds
turns to red, it indicates that the
shutter and film speed settings are
off the meter's measurability range.
Change the shutter speed setting
to a faster or slower setting.
Refer to page 16.
When the meter is the switched oD, the
lens (any Super-Takumar or SMC Takumar
lens) is in its manual position even when
"AIJTO"
the diaphragm preview lever is in
position.
(automatic)
When the meter is
switched off manually, or automatically
after shutter release, the lens returns
to its automatic position when it is set
"AI"JTO" position.
in
20
3
www.orphancameras.com
4
Exposure increase factors which apply
when taking pictures with filters,
close-ups, macro- and micro-photos,
do not apply to the Spotmatic.
Primarily made for use with the Spotmatic
II, the Super-Multi-Coated Takumar 50mm
f /1.4 can also be used with the original
Spotmatic, the models SL and SP 500.
Further, it can be used with only two other
cameras: Asahi Pentax SV and Sla with
an orange-coloured R marking on the
film rewind knob. Use with any other
camera will damage the rear element lens.
E xp o s ur e
factor
No!
x1.63
x1.96
x3.20
x4.80
x5.46
How to take care of your camera
1. STORAGE
a)
when not in use, should be protected from dampPreferably, it should be kept in its case and, as an addi-
The instrument,
ness and dust.
tional precaution, inserted into a polyethylene
bag.
Care should be taken to see that the camera is not kept in abnormally high or low temperatures - normal room temperature is best.
b)
c)
well
Take the precaution of removing
any batteries since, no matter how
made these may be, there is always a risk of deterioration
and
corroslon.
2. EXERCISE
All mechanical instruments need to be exercised regularly to keep them
in good condition. Cameras are no exception to this rule. If you put
your car in storage for the winter, the first thing a prudent owner does
in the spring is to have it serviced before putting it back on the road.
There is not quite the same parallel between a motor car and a camera,
nevertheless,you should store your camera where you can get at it easily
and put it through its normal operations at least once per mOnth. i.e.
a)
Set the shutter release and fire.
b) Turn to a slow shutter speed and again .set the shutter release and
fire. Also operate delayed action device (self-timer).
c)
Examine the exposure meter for correct operation.
d)
Check film transport.
e)
Check the range finder or pentaprism viewfinder.
These actions will keep the mechanism in good order, retaining the
natural qualities of the lubricant - thus ensuring the camera is ready for
instant use when required.
22
www.orphancameras.com
3. RUNNINGTEST BEFOREUSE
Before embarking on a holiday where your camera will be your constant
companion or, in fact, any other reason for the camera being required
on an important assignment, make a few trial exposures. It is advisable to test the camera at least four weeks prior to your departure to
give time for a test film to be exposed and processed. NIany spoiled
holiday records would have been avoided if this precaution had been
taken.
4. DUSTYCONDITIONS
When your camera is used on the beach, or other conditions where dust
or sand can easily infiltrate the mechanism, take the precaution of putting the instrument with its case into a polyethylene bag or other container so that flying dust or sand are prevented from entering the camera. This applies particularly, of course, if it is laid down on a sandy
beach. Furthermore, avoid leaving the camera in such a position that
direct sunlight is allowed to fall upon it for a long length of time.
5. LOOSEPIECESOF FILM
This nuisance is often the cause of trouble with a camera. Small chips
of fitm can easily damage the mechanism. Therefore, check your camera every time it is loaded. Always make sure it is free from small
pieces of film.
6. TREATINGYOUR CAMERATENDERLY
Your camera is a fine, precision instrument. It has been produced with
great care and attention to detail. Do not allow it to be swung by its
shoulder strap, thrown into the back of a car, or in any other way
treated as if it were as robust as a battleship. If you protect the camera against possible damage due to a knock, you will be amply repaid
by years of excellent and trouble-free service.
Lenses
lnterchangeable
The Asahi Pentax offers many interchangeable lenses in a wide variety
of focal lengths, all of which are highly respected by both professional and
amateur photographers for their fine
resolution. The photographic coverage of the various Takumar lenses
is illustrated on page 25. With focal
length longer than 55mm, the subject
image is seen through the viewfinder
larger than its life size.
Regardless of the lens selected for
your Asahi Pentax, there is never
need for an accessory viewfinder,
ordinarily required for rangefinder
type cameras.
When interchanging lenses, hold the
lens by the distance scale ring. When
attaching a lens, filter, or lenshood,
do not screw it too tightly, 3s you
may find it difficult to remove.
Fixed FocusingSetting
Because of the considerable depth of
field of wide-angle lenses, ]-ou can use
them as fixed focus lens if the diaphragm and distance scales are set
properly. For your convenience, the
Super-Takumar and SMC Takurnar
lenses shown on pages 26 and 27
(marked rvith * ,i have a fixed focus
mark. Just align with the index the
orange-coloured figures of the diaphragm and distance scales, and the
lens n'ill be in fixed focus from foreground to infinity. You'll find this extremely convenient for fast shooting.
(SMG) Takumars
Super-Multi-Goated
Pentax SMC Takumar lenses are
the world's first 7 -layer multi-coated
lenses. A truly remarkable optical
achievernent. Conventional lenses
have only 1-3 layer coatings. The
additional coating of SMC Takumar
lenses let in more lighting resulting
in truer colours. Reflection is reduced to 0.2% allowing the remaining 99.8% of light to pass through.
This means higher light transmission, and the brightest lens possible.
Colours pass through with equal in-
24
L
tensity so colour balanceis strikingly
improved. Brighter blues. Vibrant
reds. Truer yellows. SMC Takumar lenses make it possible. And,
no ghosts or flares even when shooting against the sun. Ultra violet
light is reflected off the glass surface. So, only true colours are absorbed. Undesiredrays are kept out.
SMC Takumar lenses are for people
interested in the ultimate in photographic lenses.
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